Carrier 38AK008 Troubleshooting guide

38AK008,009,012
Air-Cooled Condensing Units
50 Hz
Installation, Start-Up and
Service Instructions
CONTENTS
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Page
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 1
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . 1-6
Step 1 — Complete Pre-Installation Checks . . ……. . . . 1
• UNCRATE UNIT
• INSPECT SHIPMENT
• CONSIDER SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
Step 2 — Complete Refrigerant Piping
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . 4
• SIZE REFRIGERANT LINES
• FILTER DRIER AND MOISTURE INDICATOR
Step 3 — Make Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . …... . . 5
• FIELD POWER SUPPLY
• FIELD CONTROL WIRING
START-UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Preliminary Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Compressor Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 7
Evacuate and Dehydrate . . …………………………...... 7
Refrigerant Charge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 7
Low-Pressure/Loss-of-Charge Switch (LPS). . ……. . . 7
High-Pressure Switch (HPS). . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . 7
Refrigerant Service Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . 7
Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Sequence of Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . 8
Oil Charge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …… .. . . . . . . . . . 8
SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 8
Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 8
Condenser-Fan Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ….. . . . . 8
Compressor Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …. . . . . . 9
Crankcase Heater ……………………. . . . . . ….. . . . . . 9
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
START-UP CHECKLIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .
11-12
Installing and servicing air-conditioning equipment can
be hazardous due to system pressure and electrical
components. Only trained and qualified service personnel
should install or service air-conditioning equipment.
When working on air-conditioning equipment, observe
precautions in literature and on tags and labels attached to
unit.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and work
gloves. Use quenching cloth for brazing operations. Have
fire extinguisher available. Read these instructions
thoroughly. Consult local building codes and National
Electrical Code(NEC) (U.S.A. Standard) for special
installation requirements.
WARNING
Before installing or servicing system, always turn off
main power to system and install lockout tag on
disconnect. There may be more than one disconnect
switch. Electrical shock can cause personal injury.
INSTALLATION
The 38AK008, 009, and 012 units use hermetic
compressors. See Table 1A or 1B for physical data.
Step 1 — Complete Pre-Installation Checks
UNCRATE UNIT — Remove unit packaging except for the
top, which should be left in place until after unit is rigged
into place.
INSPECT SHIPMENT — File claim with shipping
company if shipment is damaged.
1
Table 1A — Physical Data — English
UNIT 38AK
008
009
012
Aluminum Coils (Standard)
510
564
564
Copper Coils (Optional)
578
632
632
Aluminum Coils (Standard)
560
614
614
Copper Coils (Optional)
628
682
682
OPERATING WEIGHT (lb)
RIGGING WEIGHT (lb)
REFRIGERANT
R-22
COMPRESSOR
Copeland , Scroll
Quantity … Model
1…ZR94KC
Quantity Cylinders
-
Speed (rpm)
Oil charge (oz)
1…ZR125KC
-
2900
2900
85
110
CONDENSER FAN
2900
66
Propeller; Direct Drive
Quantity … RPM
1…900
Diameter (in.)
26
⅓
Motor Hp (NEMA)
Nominal Airflow (cfm)
2…ZR61KC
5400
5400
CONDENSER COIL
5400
Copper Tubes, Aluminum Fins
Face Area (sq ft)
18.0
18.0
18.0
Storage Capacity (lb)†
16.56
16.56
16.56
1⅛
1⅛
1⅛
½
⅝
½
CONNECTIONS (sweat)
Suction (in.)
Liquid (in.)
CONTROLS
Pressure stat Settings (psig)
High
Low
Cutout
426 ± 7
Cut-in
320 ± 20
Cutout
27 ± 4
Cut-in
60 ± 5
2
Table 1B — Physical Data — SI
UNIT 38AK
008
009
012
Aluminum Coils (Standard)
231
256
256
Copper Coils (Optional)
262
287
287
Aluminum Coils (Standard)
254
279
279
Copper Coils (Optional)
285
309
309
OPERATING WEIGHT (kg)
RIGGING WEIGHT (kg)
REFRIGERANT
R-22
COMPRESSOR
Copeland, Scroll
Quantity … Model
1…ZR94KC
1…ZR125KC
2…ZR61KC
Quantity Cylinders
-
-
-
Speed (r/s)
58.2
58.2
58.2
Oil charge (L)
2.50
3.25
1.95
CONDENSER FAN
Propeller; Direct Drive
Quantity … r/s
1…15.0
Diameter (mm)
660
⅓
Motor Hp (NEMA)
Nominal Airflow (L/s)
2550
2550
CONDENSER COIL
2550
Copper Tubes, Aluminum Fins
Face Area (sq m)
1.67
1.67
1.67
Storage Capacity (kg)†
7.5
7.5
7.5
1⅛
1⅛
1⅛
½
⅝
½
CONNECTIONS (sweat)
Suction (in.)
Liquid (in.)
CONTROLS
Pressure stat Settings (kPa)
High
Low
Cutout
2937 ± 48
Cut-in
2206 ± 138
Cutout
186 ± 27
Cut-in
413 ± 103
3
Step
2
—
Complete
Refrigerant
Piping
Connections— Suction connection is sweat with liquid
connection is sweat. Refer to Table 3 for the proper line
sizes. Follow standard
Piping practices.
SIZE REFRIGERANT LINES — Consider length of piping
Required between condensing unit and air handler, amount
of liquid lift, and compressor oil return. See Table 3 and also
refer to Part 3 of Carrier System Design Manual for design
details and line sizing. Refer to air handler installation
instructions for additional information.
CONSIDER SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
• Consult local building codes and NEC for special
installation requirements.
• Allow sufficient space for airflow clearance, wiring,
refrigerant piping, and unit servicing. See Fig. 1.
• Locate unit so that condenser airflow is unrestricted on all
sides and above. Refer to Fig. 1.
• Unit may be mounted on a level pad directly on base rails
or mounted on raised pads at support points. SeeTable 2 for
weight distribution based on recommended support points.
NOTE: If vibration isolators are required for a particular
installation, use corner weight information in Table 2 to
make proper selection.
Table 3 — Refrigerant Piping Sizes
Table 2 — Weight Distribution
UNIT
38AK
008
009,012
008
009,012
STD UNIT
Lb
Kg
392
426
177
192
460
503
208
215
CORNER
CORNER
W
X
Lb
Kg
Lb
Kg
With Aluminum Coil
CORNER
Y
Lb
Kg
CORNER
Z
Lb
Kg
35
42
99
109
45
49
107
105
49
48
With Copper Coil
114
52
95
43
118
53
116
53
108
119
49
54
121
119
55
54
86
89
39
40
78
92
UNIT
38AK
008
009
012
LINERA LENGTH OF PIPING – FT (M)
0-25
25-50
50-75
(0-7.6)
(7.6-15.2)
(15.2-22.9)
L
S
L
S
L
S
⅝
½
1⅛
½
1⅛
1⅜
⅝
⅝
⅝
1⅛
1⅛
1⅜
½
½
⅝
1⅛
1⅛
1⅜
75-100
(22.9-30.5)
L
S
⅝
1⅜
⅝
1⅜
⅝
1⅜
LEGEND
L — Liquid Line
S — Suction Line
NOTES:
1. Pipe sizes are based on a 2 F (1 C) loss for liquid and suction
Lines.
2. Pipe sizes are based on the maximum linear length shown for
each column, plus a 50% allowance for fittings.
3. Charge units with R-22 in accordance with unit installation
Instructions.
4. Line size conversion to mm is:
in.
mm
½
12.7
⅝
15.9
1⅛ 28.6
1⅜ 34.9
Fig. 1
UNIT
38AK
008
009
012
RIGGING
EIGHT*
lb
kg
560
254
614
279
614
279
A
In.
45.0
45.0
45.0
B
mm
1143
1143
1143
In.
38.5
38.5
38.5
C
mm
978
978
978
In.
43.5
43.5
43.5
mm
1105
1105
1105
*Weights are for aluminum coils.
4
FILTER DRIER AND MOISTURE INDICATOR —
Moisture indicator and filter drier should be installed in
liquid line. Do not use a receiver; there is none provided
with unit and one should not be used.
NOTE: System pressure must be relieved before removing
caps. Recover refrigerant prior to brazing.
Pass nitrogen or other inert gas through piping while
brazing to prevent formation of copper oxide.
It should be that a liquid line solenoid valve will be
positioned in the main liquid line close to the evaporator
coil, and wired to close when compressor stops to minimize
refrigerant migration during the ‘‘OFF’’ cycle.
Step 3 — Make Electrical Connections
Table 4 – Liquid Line Data – 50Hz
FIELD POWER SUPPLY — All units except 208/230-v
units are factory wired for the voltage shown on the
nameplate. If the 208/230-v unit is to be connected to a 208v
power supply, the transformer must be rewired by moving
the black wire from the 230-v 1/4-in. spade terminal on the
transformer and connecting it to the 200-v 1/4-in. spade
terminal from the transformer.
When installing units, provide a disconnect per NEC. All
field wiring must comply with NEC and local requirements.
Install field wiring as follows:
1. Install conduit through side panel openings.
2. Install power lines to connections.Wrap connections with
electrical tape.
Voltage to compressor terminals during operation must
be within voltage range indicated on unit nameplate (also
see Table5). Voltages between phases must be balanced
within 2% and the current within 10%. Use the formula
shown in Table 5,Note 2, to determine the percent voltage
imbalance Operation on improper line voltage or excessive
phase imbalance constitutes abuse and may cause damage to
electrical components.
UNIT
38AK
008
009
012
MAX
ALLOWABLE
LIQUID LIFT
Ft
M
50
15.2
52
15.8
52
17.4
CATION
Unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted, unbroken electrical
Ground to minimize the possibility of personal injury if an
electrical fault should occur. This ground may consist of
electrical wire connected to unit ground lug in control
compartment, or conduit approved for electrical ground
when installed in accordance with NEC ANSI (American
National Standards Institute)/NFPA (National Fire
Protection Association) 70 (U.S.A. Standards) and local
electrical codes. Failure to follow this warning could result
in the installer being liable for personal injury of others.
LIQUID LINE
Max Allowable
Max Allowable
pressure Drop
Temp Loss
psi
kpa
F
C
7
48.3
2
1
7
48.3
2
1
7
48.3
2
1
NOTE: Values shown are for units operating at 45 F (7.2 C)
saturated suction and 95 F (35 C) entering air.
5
Table 5 – Electrical Data
UNIT
38AK
008
009
012
NOMINAL VOLTAGE
(V-ph-Hz)
220-3-50
400-3-50
220-3-50
400-3-50
220-3-50
400-3-50
VOLTAGE RANGE
MIN
MAX
198
242
360
440
198
242
360
440
198
242
360
440
LEGEND
COMPRESSOR
RLA
LRA
31.5
160
15.7
80
39.7
198
19.9
99
39.7
198
19.9
99
= 100 ×
FLA — Full Load Amps
HACR — Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
LRA — Locked Rotor Amps
MCA — Minimum Circuit Amps
MOCP — Maximum Over current Protection
NEC — National Electrical Code (U.S.A. Standard)
OFM — Outdoor (Condenser) Fan Motor
RLA — Rated Load Amps
OFM
FLA
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
POWER SUPPLY
MCA
MOCP
42.5
50
21.0
25
52.7
70
26.3
35
52.7
70
26.3
35
Max voltage deviation from average voltage
Average voltage
Example: Supply voltage is 460-3-60.
AB = 243v
BC = 236v
AC = 238v
Average Voltage =
=
NOTES:
1. In compliance with NEC requirements for multicolor and combination load
equipment (refer to NEC Articles 430 and 440), the over current protective
device for the unit shall be fuse or HACR breaker.
2. Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
Never operate a motor where a phase imbalance in supply voltage is greater
than 2%. Use the following formula to determine the percent of voltage
imbalance.
IMPORTABNT: if the supply voltage phase imbalance is more than 2%
contact your local electric utility company immediately.
FIELD CONTROL WIRING — Install a accessory
thermostat assembly according to installation instructions
included with the accessory. Locate thermostat assembly on
a solid wall in the conditioned space to sense average
temperature in accordance with thermostat installation
instructions.
Route thermostat cable or equivalent single leads of
colored Wire from sub base terminals to low-voltage
connections on Unit as described in Steps 1 through 3
below.
425+464+455
3
1371
= 457
3
Determine maximum deviation from average voltage.
(AB) 457 – 452 = 5 v
(BC) 464 – 457 = 7 v
(AC) 457 – 455 = 2 v
Maximum deviation is 7 v.
Determine percent of voltage imbalance.
7
% voltage imbalance = 100 ×
= 1.53%
457
This amount of phase imbalance is satisfactory as it is below the maximum
allowable 2%.
NOTE: For wire runs, use the following insulated wire:
LENGHT
INSULATION
RATING(C)
Ft
M
0-50
0-15.2
35
50-75
15.2-22.9
35
Over 75
Over 22.9
35
LEGEND
AWG — American Wire Gage
All wire larger than no. 18 AWG cannot be directly
connected to the thermostat and will require a junction box
and splice at the thermostat.
1. Connect thermostat wires to screw terminals of low
voltage Connection board.
2. Pass the control wires through the hole provided in the
Corner post.
3. Feed wire through the raceway built into the corner post
SIZE
AWG
18
16
14
Sq mm
0.82
1.30
2.08
and into the 24 v thermostat connection board. The 24
thermostat connection is located on the left side of the lowvoltage connection compartment. The raceway provides the
UL required clearance between high- and lowvoltagewiring.
Total combined amperage drain of the field-installed liquid
line solenoid valve and indoor (evaporator) fan contactor
must not exceed 22 va. If the specified va must be exceeded,
use a remote relay to switch the load.
6
START-UP
affect the reading. Indoor airflow must be within the normal
operating range of the unit. Operate unit a minimum of 15
minutes. Ensure pressure and temperature readings have
stabilized. Plot liquid pressure and temperature on chart and
add or reduce charge to meet curve. Adjust charge to
conform with charging chart, using liquid pressure and
temperature to read chart.
Preliminary Checks
1. Field electrical power source must agree with unit
nameplate acting.
2. Check that all internal wiring connections are tight and
hat all barriers, covers, and panels are in place. Ensure no
electrical wires are in contact with refrigerant tubing.
3. Ensure all service valves are open. Be sure all compressor
service valves are back seated.
4. Verify compressor crankcase heater is securely in place.
Crankcase heater must operate for at least 24 hours before
start-up.
5. Check for leaks in refrigerant system by using soap
bubbles and/or electronic leak detector.
6. Check that liquid line solenoid valve is located at
evaporator coil as shown in Filter Drier and Moisture
Indicator section, page 5.
7. Check voltage imbalance as shown in Table 5, Note 2.
8. Check that both outdoor and indoor units are properly
mounted in accordance with installation instructions and
applicable codes.
Compressor Rotation — On 3-phase units with scroll
compressors, it is important to be certain compressor is
rotating in the proper direction. To determine whether or not
compressor is rotating in the proper direction:
1. Connect service gages to suction and discharge pressure
fittings.
2. Energize the compressor.
3. The suction pressure should drop and the discharge
pressure should rise, as is normal on any start-up.
If the suction pressure does not drop and the discharge
pressure does not rise to normal levels:
1. Note that the condenser fan is probably also rotating in
the wrong direction.
2. Turn off power to the unit, tag disconnect.
3. Reverse any two of the unit power leads.
4. Reapply power to the compressor, verify correct
pressures. The suction and discharge pressure levels should
now move to their normal start-up levels.
Evacuate and Dehydrate — Evacuate and dehydrate
entire refrigerant system by use of the methods described in
Carrier GTAC II, Module 4, System Dehydration. Evacuate
system down to 500 microns and ensure vacuum hold for 15
minutes. If vacuum does not hold, pressurize system and
locate leak and repair.
Refrigerant Charge — Refer to Carrier GTAC II,
Module 5, Charging Recovery, Recycling, and Reclamation.
Unit panels must be in place when unit is operating
during charging procedure.
Fig. 2 – Cooling Charging Chart
Low-Pressure/Loss-of-Charge Switch (LPS) —
When the liquid line pressure drops below 27 psig (186
kPa), the LPS opens the compressor contactor and stops the
compressor. When the pressure reaches 60 psig (414 kPa),
the switch resets and the compressor is allowed to restart.
Switch (HPS) — When the
refrigerant high-side pressure reaches 426 psig (2937 kPa),
the HPS opens to the compressor contactor and stops the
compressor. When the pressure drops to 320 psig (2206
kPa), the switch resets and the compressor is allowed to
restart.
High-Pressure
Refrigerant Service Ports — Each unit system has
service ports: one on the suction line, one on the liquid line
one on the compressor discharge line. Be sure caps on the
ports are tight.
CHARGE COOLING — Use Cooling Charging Charts,
Fig.2. Unit must be charged in cooling mode only. Vary
refrigerant until the conditions of the chart are met. Note
that charging charts are different from type normally used.
Charts are based on charging the units to the correct sub
cooling for the various operating conditions. Accurate
pressure gage and temperature sensing device are required.
Connect the pressure gage to the service port on the liquid
line service valve. Mount the temperature sensing device on
the liquid line, close to the liquid line service valve and
insulate it so that outdoor ambient temperature does not
Cooling — Set space thermostat to OFF position. Set
system selector switch at COOL position and fan switch at
AUTO. Position. Adjust thermostat to a setting below room
temperature. Compressor starts on closure of contactor.
Check cooling effects at a setting below room
temperature. Check unit charge.
Reset thermostat at a position above room temperature.
Compressor will shut off.
TO SHUT OFF UNIT — Set system selector switch at OFF
Position. (Resetting thermostat at a position above room
7
temperature shuts unit off temporarily until space
temperature exceeds thermostat setting.) Unit shuts down on
any safety trip and remains off. Check reason for safety trip.
Compressor restart is accomplished by manual reset of the
thermostat by turning the selector switch to OFF position
and then to ON position.
section 3 to 4 in. (75 to 100 mm) from the inner coil section.
See Fig. 5.
5. Use a water hose or other suitable equipment to flush
down between the 2 coil sections to remove dirt and debris.
Clean the outer surfaces with a stiff bristled brush in the
normal manner.
6. Reposition the coil section and secure.
7. Remove the coil corner post from between the top panel
and side panel.
8. Install the coil corner post and replace all screws removed
in Step 2.
Sequence of Operation — At start-up, the thermostat
calls for cooling. With all safety devices satisfied, the
compressor contactor and fan contactor energize, causing
the compressor and outdoor (condenser) fan motor to
operate. Contacts close, allowing the field-supplied and installed indoor (evaporator) fan contactor to function. The
recommended field supplied and installed liquid line
solenoid valve will also open, allowing the system to
function in cooling. As cooling demand is satisfied, the
thermostat contacts break, reenergizing the contactor
causing the system to shut off. The liquid line solenoid valve
closes, minimizing the potential for refrigerant migration at
this time. The compressor does not restart until the
thermostat again calls for cooling. Compressor restart is
accomplished by manual reset of the thermostat by turning
the selector switch to OFF position and then to ON position.
This should be done only once. If system shuts down due to
the same fault, determine the problem before attempting to
reset the Cycle-LOC device.
Lubrication
COMPRESSORS — Each compressor is charged with
correct amount of oil at the factory. For additional
information on 38AK units, refer to the Oil Charge section
above.
FAN MOTOR BEARINGS — Fan motor bearings are of
the permanently-lubricated type. No further lubrication is
required.
Condenser-Fan Adjustment
1. Shut off unit power supply and tag disconnect.
2. Remove condenser-fan assembly (grille, motor, motor
cover, and fan).
3. Loosen fan hub setscrews.
4. Adjust fan height
5. Tighten setscrews.
6. Replace condenser-fan assembly.
Oil Charge (Tables 1A and 1B)
38AK UNITS —Allow unit to run for about 20 minutes.
Stop unit and check compressor oil level. Add oil only if
necessary to bring oil into view in sight glass.
Approved oils are:
Suniso 3GS
WF32-150
38AK UNITS — The 38AK units do not have a sight glass
and are factory charged with the correct amount of oil.
ALL UNITS —Do not reuse drained oil or use any oil that
has been exposed to atmosphere.
If oil is added, run unit for an additional 10 minutes. Stop
unit and check oil level. If level is still low, add oil only
after determining that piping system is designed for proper
oil return and that system is not leaking oil.
SERVICE
Fig. 3 – Cleaning Condenser Coil
CAUTION
When servicing unit, shut off all electrical power to the unit
to avoid shock hazard or injury from rotating parts.
Cleaning — Inspect unit interior at the beginning of each
cooling season and as operating conditions require.
CONDENSER COIL — Inspect coil monthly. Clean
condenser coil annually and as required by location or
outdoor-air conditions.
Clean coil as follows:
1. Turn off unit power and tag disconnect.
2. Remove and save top panel screws on condensing unit.
3. Remove condenser coil corner post. See Fig. 3. To hold
top panel open, place coil corner post between top panel and
side panel. See Fig. 4.
4. Remove bracket holding coil sections together at return
end of condenser coil. Carefully separate the outer coil
Fig. 4 – Propping Up Top panel
8
CAUTION
Excessive movement of copper lines at compressor may
cause higher levels of vibration when unit is restored to
service.
5. Remove crankcase heater from compressor base
6. Remove compressor hold down bolts.
7. Remove compressor from unit.
8. Clean system. Add new liquid line filter drier.
9. Install new compressor in unit.
10. Connect suction and discharge lines to compressor, as
applicable. Ensure that compressor hold down bolts are in
place.
11. Connect wiring.
12. Install crankcase heater.
13. Evacuate and recharge unit.
14. Restore unit power.
Fig. 5 – September Coil Section
Crankcase Heater— Close both compressor service
valves if applicable when crankcase heater is deenergized
for more than 6 hours.
Compressor Removal — See Tables 1A and 1B for
compressor information. Follow safety codes and wear
safety glasses and work gloves.
1. shut off power to unit and tag disconnect. Remove unit
access panel (front of unit).
2. Remove refrigerant from system using refrigerant
removal methods described in the Carrier GTAC-II, Module
5, Charging, Recovery, Recycling, and Reclamation.
3. Disconnect compressor wiring at compressor terminal
box.
4. Loosen sweat connections (38AK008, and 012 units
only).
9
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
SYMPTOM
Compressor does not
run contactor open
Compressor does not
run contactor closed
Compressor
cycles
on
high pressure
switch condenser fan
on
Compressor
cycles
on
high pressure
switch condenser fan
off
Compressor
cycles
on
low
pressure
switch condenser fan
off
Airflow restricted low
suction pressure
Indoor
(evaporator)
fan
stopped
low
suction pressure.
Compressor runs but
cooling insufficient Suction pressure low
Compressor runs but
cooling insufficient –
Suction pressure high
CAUSE
Power off.
Fuses blown.
Transformer open/shorted.
Thermostat circuit open.
Low-pressure switch open.
High-pressure switch open.
Connection loose.
Compressor motor thermostat open.
Compressor leads loose, broken.
Single phasing.
Compressor internal overload open.
High-pressure switch fault.
Airflow restricted. Dirty coil.
Air recirculating.
Noncondensables in system.
Refrigerant overcharge.
Refrigerant system restrictions.
Fan slip on shaft.
Motor not running.
Motor bearings sized.
Motor overload open.
Motor burned out, windings open.
Filter drier plugged.
Expansion valve power head detective.
Low refrigerant charge.
Expansion valve restricted/plugged.
Evaporator coil iced up.
Evaporator coil dirty.
Indoor-air filter dirty.
Indoor-air dampers closed.
Electrical connections loose.
Fan relay defective.
Motor overload open.
Motor defective.
Fan belt broken or slipping.
Refrigerant charge low.
Head pressure low.
Indoor-air filters dirty.
Expansion valve power head defective.
Expansion valve restricted/plugged.
Evaporator coil partly iced.
Evaporator airflow restricted.
Head load excessive.
Reverse rotation.
REMEDY
Restore power.
Replace with correct fuses after finding cause and correcting.
Replace transformer if primary winding are receiving power and no output.
Check thermostat setting.
Chech for refrigerant undercharge or system leak.
Check for refrigerant overcharge or obstruction of outdoor airflow.
Tighten all connections.
Check for excessive motor temperature.
Check connections with power off.
Replace blown fuse.
Allow compressor motor windings to cool down to reset overload.
Determine cause for overload opening.
Replace switch.
Remove obstruction, clean condenser coil.
Clear airflow area.
Remover, evacuate and recharge as required. Refer to Carrier TAC-ll Module
5, charging, Recovery, Recycling, and Reclamation.
Recover as required.
Check or replace filter drier, expansion valve etc.
Tighten fan hub screws.
Check power and capacitor 1/3 and ¾ hp motor.
Replace motor.
Check overload rating. Check for fan blade obstruction.
Replace motor.
Replace filter drier.
Replace power head.
Find leak, repair, evacuate system, and recharge.
Remove and replace expansion valve.
Check refrigerant charge.
Clean oil fins.
Clean or replace.
Check damper operation and position.
Tighten all connections.
Replace relay.
Check power supply.
Replace motor.
Replace or tighten belt.
Add charge.
check refrigerant charge
Clean or replace filters.
Replace power head.
Remove and replace expansion valve.
Check low-pressure setting.
Remove obstruction.
Check for open doors or windows.
Check compressor rotation
10
START-UP CHECKLIST
I. Preliminary Information
OUTDOOR: MODEL NO. _______________________________ SERIAL NO. ____________________________________
INDOOR: AIR HANDLER MANUFACTURER __________________________________________________________________
MODEL NO.__________________________________ SERIAL NO. ____________________________________
ADDITIONAL ACCESSORIES ______________________________________________________________________________
II. Pre-Start-Up
OUTDOOR UNIT
IS THERE ANY SHIPPING DAMAGE? _______________ (Y/N) __________
IF SO, WHERE: __________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
WILL THIS DAMAGE PREVENT UNIT START-UP? (Y/N) _________
CHECK POWER SUPPLY. DOES IT AGREE WITH UNIT? (Y/N) _________
HAS THE GROUND WIRE CIRCUIT BEEN CONNECTED PER NEC GUIDELINES? (Y/N) _______
HAS THE CIRCUIT PROTECTION BEEN SIZED AND INSTALLED PROPERLY? (Y/N) __________
ARE THE POWER WIRES TO THE UNIT SIZED AND INSTALLED PROPERLY? (Y/N) __________
38AKS Only: HAVE COMPRESSOR HOLDDOWN BOLTS BEEN LOOSENED (Snubber washers are snug, but not tight)?
(Y/N) _________
HAS COMPRESSOR ROTATION BEEN VERIFIED (Is compressor rotating in correct direction?) (Y/N) _______
CONTROLS
ARE THERMOSTAT AND INDOOR-FAN CONTROL WIRING CONNECTIONS MADE AND CHECKED? (Y/N) _____
ARE ALL WIRING TERMINALS (including main power supply) TIGHT? (Y/N) ______
HAS CRANKCASE HEATER BEEN ENERGIZED FOR 24 HOURS? (Y/N) ______
INDOOR UNIT
HAS WATER BEEN PLACED IN DRAIN PAN TO CONFIRM PROPER DRAINAGE? (Y/N) ________
ARE PROPER AIR FILTERS IN PLACE? (Y/N) __________
HAVE FAN AND MOTOR PULLEYS BEEN CHECKED FOR PROPER ALIGNMENT? (Y/N) _______
DO THE FAN BELTS HAVE PROPER TENSION? (Y/N) _________
HAS CORRECT FAN ROTATION BEEN CONFIRMED? (Y/N) ________
PIPING
IS LIQUID LINE SOLENOID VALVE LOCATED AT THE EVAPORATOR COIL AS REQUIRED? (Y/N) ______
HAVE LEAK CHECKS BEEN MADE AT COMPRESSOR, CONDENSER, EVAPORATOR, TXVs (Thermostatic Expansion Valves)
SOLENOID VALVES, FILTER DRIERS, AND FUSIBLE PLUGS WITH A LEAK DETECTOR? (Y/N) _______
LOCATE, REPAIR, AND REPORT ANY LEAKS. ________________________________________________________________
ON 38AKS UNIT, HAVE ALL COMPRESSOR SERVICE VALVES BEEN FULLY OPENED (BACKSEATED)? (Y/N) _______
HAVE LIQUID LINE SERVICE VALVE AND SUCTION LINE SERVICE VALVE BEEN OPENED? (Y/N) ______
IS THE OIL LEVEL IN THE COMPRESSOR CRANKCASE ON THE 38AKS UNIT IN VIEW IN THE COMPRESSOR
SIGHT GLASS? (Y/N) __________
CL-1
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
11
CHECK VOLTAGE IMBALANCE
LINE-TO-LINE VOLTS: AB________ V AC________ V BC ________V
(AB + AC + BC)/3 = AVERAGE VOLTAGE = _________ V
MAXIMUM DEVIATION FROM AVERAGE VOLTAGE = _________V
VOLTAGE IMBALANCE = 100 X (MAX DEVIATION)/(AVERAGE VOLTAGE) = _________ %
IF OVER 2% VOLTAGE IMBALANCE, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START SYSTEM!
CALL LOCAL POWER COMPANY FOR ASSISTANCE.
III. Start-Up
CHECK INDOOR (EVAPORATOR) FAN SPEED AND RECORD. ___________
CHECK OUTDOOR (CONDENSER) FAN SPEED AND RECORD. _____________
AFTER AT LEAST 15 MINUTES RUNNING TIME, RECORD THE FOLLOWING MEASUREMENTS:
OIL PRESSURE (38AKS only) ___________
SUCTION PRESSURE ___________ Psig (kPa)
SUCTION LINE TEMP ___________ °F (°C)
DISCHARGE PRESSURE ___________ Psig (kPa)
DISCHARGE LINE TEMP ___________ °F (°C)
ENTERING CONDENSER-AIR TEMP ___________ DB
LEAVING CONDENSER-AIR TEMP ___________ DB
EVAP ENTERING-AIR DB (dry bulb) TEMP ___________
EVAP ENTERING-AIR WB (wet bulb) TEMP ___________
EVAP LEAVING-AIR DB TEMP ___________
EVAP LEAVING-AIR WB TEMP ___________
COMPRESSOR AMPS (L1/L2/L3) ______ / ______ /_ ______
HAS REFRIGERANT CHARGE BEEN ADJUSTED PER CHARGING CHARGE? __________
NOTES:
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Sanaye Sarma Afarin Iran
‫شرکت صنایع سرماآفریه ایران‬
) ‫(کریرترموفریک‬
NO.200, W. Khorramshahr (Apadana)Ave.,TEHRAN-15337,P.O.BOX: 13145-1799 Tel:88762038 Fax:88762033
88130255:‫ فاکس‬88130258: ‫ تلفه‬75733 -7111: ‫ صندوق پستی‬،73551-‫ تهران‬،022 ‫ شماره‬،‫ خیابان خرمشهر‬،‫سهرودی شمالی‬
12