Yamaha RHINO YXR45FAV Owner`s manual

READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY!
It contains important safety information.
OWNER’S MANUAL
YXR66FW
LIT-11626-20-64
5UG-F8199-14
DIC2342
EBU00776
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00010
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha YXR66FW. It represents the result of many
years of Yamaha experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pace-setting racing
vehicles. With the purchase of this Yamaha, you can now appreciate the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will provide you with a good basic understanding of the features and operation of this
vehicle. It also includes basic maintenance and inspection procedures. If you have any questions
regarding the operation or maintenance of your vehicle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
WARNING
Please read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. Do not attempt to operate
this vehicle until you have attained adequate knowledge of its controls and operating features. Regular inspections and careful maintenance, along with good operating techniques, will help ensure that you safely enjoy the capabilities and reliability of this vehicle.
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00021
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential
personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this
symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
NOTICE
A NOTICE indicates special precautions that must be taken to
avoid damage to the vehicle or other property.
TIP
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00030
IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT USE
●
●
●
This vehicle is designed and manufactured for off-road use only. Use on public streets,
roads, or highways is not only illegal in most areas, it also increases the risk of an accident involving other vehicles. This vehicle does not meet federal motor vehicle safety
standards for on-road use.
Check the laws and regulations in force before choosing where to operate this vehicle.
It is illegal to operate this vehicle on public lands where vehicles its size are prohibited.
This vehicle complies with almost all state off-highway noise level and spark arrester
laws and regulations.
YXR66FW
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2007 by Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A.
1st edition, July 2007
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. is expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
P/N LIT-11626-20-64
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00050
Seat belts .......................................4-14
Glove compartment .......................4-14
Cargo bed ......................................4-15
Front and rear shock absorber
adjustment ...................................4-17
Trailer hitch bracket and
receiver ........................................4-18
Auxiliary DC jack............................4-19
CONTENTS
1
LOCATION OF THE WARNING
AND SPECIFICATION LABELS....... 1-1
2
SAFETY INFORMATION.................. 2-1
3
DESCRIPTION ................................. 3-1
4
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS ..................................... 4-1
Main switch...................................... 4-1
Indicator and warning lights ............ 4-2
Multi-function meter unit.................. 4-4
Switches .......................................... 4-7
Accelerator pedal ............................ 4-9
Brake pedal ..................................... 4-9
Parking brake lever ....................... 4-10
Drive select lever........................... 4-11
Fuel tank cap................................. 4-11
Starter (choke)............................... 4-12
Doors ............................................. 4-12
Seats ............................................. 4-13
5
FOR YOUR SAFETY –
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............5-1
Front and rear brakes ......................5-3
Fuel ..................................................5-4
Engine oil .........................................5-6
Coolant.............................................5-7
Final gear oil ....................................5-7
Differential gear oil ...........................5-7
Accelerator pedal.............................5-8
Seat belts .........................................5-8
Steering............................................5-8
Fittings and fasteners ......................5-8
Lights................................................5-9
Switches...........................................5-9
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Control cables ................................. 5-9
Tires ................................................ 5-9
6
OPERATION..................................... 6-1
Engine break-in............................... 6-1
Starting a cold engine ..................... 6-2
Starting a warm engine................... 6-5
Warming up..................................... 6-5
Drive select lever operation and
reverse driving............................... 6-6
On-Command four-wheel-drive
switch and differential gear lock
switch ............................................ 6-8
Parking .......................................... 6-10
Loading ......................................... 6-11
7
BASIC GUIDE FOR SAFE USE....... 7-1
KNOW YOUR VEHICLE................. 7-1
Driver requirements ........................ 7-3
Passenger requirements................. 7-4
Occupant protection system ........... 7-4
Protective structure ......................... 7-6
Seat belts ........................................ 7-6
Doors ............................................... 7-9
Passenger handholds...................... 7-9
Seat and hip restraints .................. 7-10
Floorboard ..................................... 7-11
Steering wheel............................... 7-11
LEARNING TO OPERATE
YOUR VEHICLE.......................... 7-12
Personal protective equipment...... 7-12
Practice for new Rhino users ........ 7-13
Getting ready to ride ...................... 7-14
Turning...........................................7-15
Accelerating................................... 7-16
Braking...........................................7-16
Engine braking............................... 7-16
Leaving the vehicle........................ 7-17
Parking on a flat area .................... 7-17
Parking on a slope......................... 7-17
Loading .......................................... 7-18
Operation on different surfaces
and terrains.................................. 7-18
Hills ................................................ 7-19
Uphill.............................................. 7-20
Downhill ......................................... 7-21
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Rough terrain................................. 7-22
Pavement ...................................... 7-22
Water ............................................. 7-22
Loose terrain/slippery terrain......... 7-23
Brush or wooded areas ................. 7-24
Encountering obstacles................. 7-24
8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT.................................. 8-1
Owner’s manual and tool kit............ 8-2
Periodic maintenance chart for
the emission control system.......... 8-4
General maintenance and
lubrication chart ............................. 8-5
Hood ................................................ 8-7
Console ........................................... 8-9
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge .... 8-10
Final gear oil .................................. 8-15
Differential gear oil......................... 8-17
Coolant .......................................... 8-19
Axle boots...................................... 8-20
Spark plug inspection .................... 8-21
Cleaning the air filter elements...... 8-24
Drive select lever box check
hose .............................................8-29
V-belt cooling duct check hose......8-30
V-belt case drain plug ....................8-30
Cleaning the spark arrester ...........8-31
Carburetor adjustment ...................8-32
Idle speed adjustment....................8-33
Valve clearance .............................8-34
Brakes............................................8-34
Front brake pad check ...................8-34
Rear brake pad check....................8-35
Checking the brake fluid level........8-36
Brake fluid replacement .................8-37
Checking the brake pedal..............8-37
Parking brake lever free play
adjustment ...................................8-38
Brake light switch adjustment ........8-39
Cable inspection and lubrication....8-40
Brake pedal and accelerator
pedal lubrication...........................8-41
Rear knuckle upper and lower
pivot lubrication ............................8-41
Steering shaft lubrication ...............8-42
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Wheel removal .............................. 8-42
Tire replacement ........................... 8-43
Wheel installation .......................... 8-44
Battery ........................................... 8-45
Battery maintenance ..................... 8-46
Jump-starting ................................ 8-47
Fuse replacement ......................... 8-49
Replacing a headlight bulb ........... 8-51
Headlight beam adjustment .......... 8-54
Tail/brake light bulb
replacement ................................ 8-54
Troubleshooting ............................ 8-56
Troubleshooting charts ................. 8-58
9
CLEANING AND STORAGE............ 9-1
A. Cleaning...................................... 9-1
B. Storage ....................................... 9-2
10
SPECIFICATIONS ......................... 10-1
11
CONSUMER INFORMATION ........ 11-1
Identification number records ....... 11-1
NOISE REGULATION .................. 11-4
MAINTENANCE RECORD ........... 11-5
YAMAHA MOTOR
CORPORATION, U.S.A.
SIDE × SIDE VEHICLE LIMITED
WARRANTY................................ 11-6
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.) ........................................ 11-7
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00060
LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND
SPECIFICATION LABELS
1-
5 6
1
2
3
3
5
4
7
8
1-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Read and understand all of the labels on your vehicle. They contain important information for safe
and proper operation of your vehicle.
Never remove any labels from your vehicle. If a label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement label is available from your Yamaha dealer.
1
2
3
!
WARNING
!
WARNING
!
Any part of your
body (arms, legs,
or head) outside of
the vehicle can be
crushed by the
cage/frame.
If you think or feel
that the vehicle
may tip or roll,
brace your feet on
the floorboards,
and keep your
hands on the
handholds.
If you think or feel
that the vehicle
may tip or roll,
brace your feet on
the floorboards,
and keep your
hands on the
steering wheel.
Do not try to stop a
vehicle tipover
using your arm or
leg.
Do not try to stop a
vehicle tipover
using your arm or
leg.
5B4-K7762-00
5B4-K7761-00
YAMAHA
2
3
4
WARNING
Do not rest hands on door or hip restraint
bar. To avoid injury, keep hands completely
inside the vehicle by holding the steering
wheel or handholds.
Any part of your
body (arms, legs,
or head) outside of
the vehicle can be
crushed by the
cage/frame.
1
5B4-K8483-00
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
1-2
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
4
5
!
WARNING
!
Keep hands, body, and other
people away from pinch points
when lowering bed. Do not hold
the cage/frame while closing bed.
Improper tire pressure or overloading the Rhino may
cause severe injury or death from loss of control or
rollover.
YAMAHA
OPERATING TIRE PRESSURE: Set with tires cold.
RECOMMENDED:
FRONT: 70kPa, (.70kgf/cm2), 10psi
REAR:
MINIMUM:
98kPa, (.98kgf/cm2), 14psi
FRONT: 63kPa, (.63kgf/cm2),
9psi
REAR: 91kPa, (.91kgf/cm2), 13psi
Never set or allow tire pressure to be below the
minimum. Tire may dislodge from rim.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating: 907 kg (2000 lb)
maximum including vehicle, weight of operator,
passenger, accessories, cargo, and (if applicable)
trailer tongue weight.
YAMAHA
WARNING
5B4-F1696-00
1-3
5B4-K7764-00
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
6
7
!
WARNING
Improper use of cargo bed or cage/frame can result in
severe injury or death from loss of control, overturn or
other accidents.
• Do not carry passengers in cargo bed.
MAX 7.3 INCH
(185MM)
• Maximum load in cargo bed: 181 kg (400 lb).
• Load or trailer may affect handling and stability:
• Secure cargo so that it will not shift – a loose load
YAMAHA
could change handling unexpectedly or be thrown
forward and strike occupants.
• Keep weight in the cargo bed centered side to side,
and as low and as far forward as possible. Topheavy loads increase the risk of overturn.
• Do not tow or pull objects from any point other than
the trailer hitch bracket or winch (if installed).
• When loaded with cargo or towing a trailer:
• Reduce speed and allow more room to stop.
• Turn gradually and go slowly.
• Avoid hills and rough terrain.
• Read Owner’s Manual before loading, towing, or pulling
objects.
YAMAHA
5B4-F4897-00
1-4
5UG-F151J-00
EE.book Page 5 Monday, August 6, 2007 6:58 PM
8
9
ü
ü
ü
ü
Head to Toe
Safety Checklist
Head
Body
Hands
Feet
YAMAHA
1-5
Helmet and eye protection.
Seatbelt and protective clothing.
Inside vehicle and holding the
handholds or steering wheel.
On floorboard, ready to brace,
and door closed.
5B4-F1558-00
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
0
!
WARNING
To reduce risk of accidents and injury or death:
Be Prepared
•
Avoid Rollovers and Crushing Injuries
•
Wear seat belt, motorcycle helmet,
eye protection and protective gear.
•
Use care when turning:
o Turning the steering wheel too far or too fast
can result in a rollover or loss of control.
Keep your body completely inside
the vehicle at all times. Keep both
o Slow down before entering a turn.
hands on the steering wheel. Be
o When making tight turns from a stop or at slow
sure passenger is seated, belted,
speeds, avoid sudden or hard acceleration.
and holding onto the handholds.
o Avoid sideways sliding, skidding, or fishtailing,
•
This vehicle is intended for use
DRIVER
UNDER
only by an operator 16 or older
with a valid motor vehicle license.
•
•
•
16
Passenger and driver must be able to
If crossing a hill is unavoidable, drive slowly
and turn downhill immediately if you feel the
Genuine Yamaha Doors and
vehicle may tip.
•
Avoid paved surfaces.
a Handhold/Strap are
Turn gradually and go
place both feet flat on the floorboard while
slowly if you must drive on pavement.
seated upright with their backs against the
is designed for off-road use only.
This vehicle
available for free installation
or replacement.
Yamaha
seat backs.
If you think or feel the Rhino may tip or roll:
recommends these features to
Do not drive or ride as passenger after
•
Brace yourself by pressing your feet firmly on the
help keep occupants from
floorboards and keep a firm grip on the steering
sticking arms or legs out of the
using drugs or alcohol.
•
flat, open areas.
Drive straight up and down inclines, not across
them.
aggressive driving have
caused rollovers – even on
and never do donuts.
Be Qualified and Responsible
Abrupt maneuvers or
Do not operate on public roads.
Read the Owner’s Manual
wheel or handholds.
•
vehicle during a rollover.
Do not put your hands or feet outside of the
Contact your dealer or visit
vehicle for any reason.
www.yamaha-motor.com/rhino
YAMAHA
5B4-F1568-01
1-6
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00070
SAFETY INFORMATION
Be a responsible owner
As the vehicle’s owner, you are responsible for the safe and proper operation of your Rhino.
While understanding all parts of this manual are important for vehicle ownership, be sure to read
this chapter and the instructions in Chapter 7 before operating the Rhino. Also use these two
chapters and the labels on the vehicle to instruct new operators and passengers. Do not allow
anyone else to operate your vehicle or ride as a passenger if you are unsure that he/she is willing
and able to follow these instructions.
Get to know your vehicle
This off-road vehicle will handle and maneuver differently from cars, ATVs, go-carts, golf-cars and
grounds-keeping vehicles. Follow these instructions to reduce your risk of an accident and to reduce the risk of serious injury or death in the event of an accident.
2-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Before you operate the Rhino
● Prepare yourself and your passenger:
• This vehicle is intended for use only by an operator 16 or older with a valid motor vehicle license.
1
2
3
4
DRIVER
UNDER
5
16
6
• This vehicle is designed to carry the driver and one passenger. Never carry passengers in
the cargo bed.
• Both driver and passenger should wear seat belts properly.
• Both driver and passenger must be able to put both feet flat on the floorboard while seated
upright with their backs against the seat backs. Passenger must be able to reach and hold
the handholds within the cage/frame.
• Both driver and passenger should wear an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly.
Both driver and passenger should also wear eye protection (goggles or a face shield),
gloves, over-the-ankle boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
• Do not drive or ride as passenger after using drugs or alcohol.
2-2
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Prepare your vehicle
Perform the pre-operation checks each time you use the vehicle to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. See pages 5-1–5-2 for a list of pre-operation checks.
Prepare your load or trailer
Carrying loads, towing a trailer, or pulling objects can affect handling, stability, and risk of overturn
or other accidents.
• Read Chapter 6 before loading, towing, or pulling objects.
• Do not overload the vehicle or trailer. Refer to label in cargo bed for cargo bed load limit. Refer to label next to hitch for tongue weight and trailer load limits.
• Keep weight in the cargo bed centered side to side, and as low and as far forward as possible.
• Secure cargo so that it will not shift – a loose load could change handling unexpectedly or be
thrown forward and strike occupants.
2-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
While using the Rhino
● Keep your body completely inside the vehicle at all times. Keep both hands on the steering
wheel. Be sure passenger is seated, belted, and holding onto the handholds. Close doors before driving. Any part of your body (arms, legs, and head) outside the vehicle can be struck by
objects your vehicle is passing or crushed by the vehicle cage/frame in a rollover accident.
● Watch for branches, brush, or other hazards that could enter the vehicle.
● Abrupt maneuvers or aggressive driving, even on flat, open areas, can cause loss of control,
including rollovers. The Rhino has higher ground clearance and other features to handle rugged terrain, and, as a result, can overturn in situations where some other vehicles may not.
2-4
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
●
Avoid rollovers:
• Use care when turning:
• Turning the steering wheel too far or too fast can result in a rollover.
• Avoid sideways sliding, skidding, or fishtailing, and never do donuts.
• Slow down before entering a turn and avoid hard braking in a turn.
• When making tight turns from a stop or at slow speeds, avoid sudden or hard acceleration.
2-5
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
●
●
●
• Drive straight up and down inclines, not across them. If crossing a hill is unavoidable, drive
slowly and turn downhill immediately if you feel the vehicle may tip.
• Avoid paved surfaces. Turn gradually and go slowly if you must drive on pavement. This vehicle is designed for off-road use only.
If you think or feel that the vehicle may tip or roll, keep your body completely inside the protective structure of the vehicle:
• Brace yourself by pressing your feet firmly on the floorboards and keep a firm grip on the
steering wheel or handholds.
• Do not put your hands or feet outside of the vehicle for any reason. Your arm or leg could be
crushed.
• Do not try to stop a vehicle tipover using your arm or leg.
Do not operate this vehicle on any public street, road, or highway, even if dirt or gravel.
Do not operate the vehicle in fast-flowing water or water deeper than 33 cm (13 in). If you must
cross shallow, slow-moving water, choose your path carefully to avoid sharp drop-offs, large
rocks, or slippery surfaces. Operating this vehicle through deep or fast-flowing water can lead
to loss of control or overturn. To reduce your risk of drowning or other injuries, use care when
crossing through water.
2-6
EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
●
●
When loaded with cargo or towing a trailer:
• Reduce speed, operate in low gear only, and allow more room to stop.
• Avoid hills and rough terrain. Use extreme caution when towing or carrying a load on inclines.
• Load trailer properly and use extra care when towing or pulling.
Do not tow or pull objects from any part of the vehicle other than the trailer hitch bracket or
winch (if installed).
2-7
EE.book Page 8 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Avoid carbon monoxide poisoning
All engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing carbon monoxide can
cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confusion, and eventually death.
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas which may be present even if you do not
see or smell any engine exhaust. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can collect rapidly and you
can quickly be overcome and unable to save yourself. Also, deadly levels of carbon monoxide
can linger for hours or days in enclosed or poorly-ventilated areas. If you experience any symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT.
● Do not run engine indoors. Even if you try to ventilate engine exhaust with fans or open windows and doors, carbon monoxide can rapidly reach dangerous levels.
● Do not run engine in poorly ventilated or partially enclosed areas such as barns, garages, or
carports.
● Do not run engine outdoors where engine exhaust can be drawn into a building through openings such as windows and doors.
2-8
EE.book Page 9 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Genuine Yamaha Accessories
Choosing accessories for your Rhino is an important decision. Genuine Yamaha Accessories,
which are available only from a Yamaha dealer, have been designed, tested, and approved by
Yamaha for use on your Rhino.
Many companies with no connection to Yamaha manufacture parts and accessories or offer other
modifications for Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a position to test the products that these aftermarket companies produce. Therefore, Yamaha can neither endorse nor recommend the use
of accessories not sold by Yamaha or modifications not specifically recommended by Yamaha,
even if sold and installed by a Yamaha dealer.
Aftermarket parts, accessories, and modifications
While you may find aftermarket products similar in design and quality to genuine Yamaha Accessories, recognize that some aftermarket accessories or modifications are not suitable because of
potential safety hazards to you or others. Installing aftermarket products or having other modifications performed to your Rhino that change any of the vehicle’s design or operation characteristics
can put you and others at greater risk of serious injury or death. You are responsible for injuries
related to changes in the vehicle.
2-9
EE.book Page 10 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Aftermarket tires and rims
The tires and rims that came with your Rhino were designed to match the performance capabilities and to provide the best combination of handling, braking, and comfort. Other tires, rims, sizes,
and combinations may not be appropriate. Refer to pages 8-42–8-45 for tire specifications and
more information on replacing your tires.
2-10
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00080
DESCRIPTION
1-
E
F G H IJ K L
D
N
C
1. Headlights
2. Front shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring
3. Brake fluid reservoir
4. Air filter elements (engine and air intake duct)
5. V-belt case
6. Driver seat
7. Driver seat belt
8. Cargo bed
9. Tail/brake lights
10. Rear shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring
11. Cargo bed release levers
12. Spark plug
13. Door
14. Spark arrester
15. Passenger seat belt
16. Passenger seat
17. Oil filter cartridge
18. Passenger handhold
19. Engine oil filler cap
20. Battery
21. Fuses
22. Coolant reservoir
23. Radiator cap
24. Fuel tank cap
3-1
C
M
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
O P
Q RS
T
U
The vehicle you have purchased may differ
slightly from those shown in the figures of this
manual.
V
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Y X W
8
H
9
25. Light switch
26. Steering wheel
27. Starter (choke)
28. Main switch
29. On-Command four-wheel-drive and differential gear lock switches
30. Multi-function meter unit
31. Auxiliary DC jack
32. Drive select lever
33. Parking brake lever
34. Accelerator pedal
35. Brake pedal
10
11
12
13
14
3-2
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00130
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS
Functions of the respective switch positions
are as follows:
ON:
All electrical circuits are supplied with
power, and the headlights and taillights come on when the light switch is
on.
OFF:
All electrical circuits are switched off.
The key can be removed in this position.
START:
The electric starter is engaged by
turning and holding the key in this position. Release the key when the engine starts.
1-
EVU00140
Main switch
OFF
ON
OFF O
N
START
START
1. Main switch
4-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00150
EVU01131
Indicator and warning lights
On-Command differential gear lock indicator light “DIFF. LOCK”
This indicator light and the On-Command differential gear lock indicator in the display
come on when the On-Command differential
gear lock switch is set to the “LOCK” position.
When the switch is set to “LOCK”, the OnCommand differential gear lock indicator light
will flash until the differential gear is locked.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1. On-Command differential gear lock indicator light
“DIFF. LOCK”
2. Low-range indicator light “L”
3. High-range indicator light “H”
4. Neutral indicator light “N”
5. Reverse indicator light “R”
6. Parking brake indicator light “P”
7. On-Command four-wheel-drive/differential gear lock
indicator “
”/“
”
8. Coolant temperature warning light “
”
EVU01140
DIFF.
LOCK
Low-range indicator light “L”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “L” position.
9
EVU01150
12
High-range indicator light “H”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “H” position.
4-2
10
11
13
14
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00170
EVU01161
Neutral indicator light “N”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “N” position.
On-Command four-wheel-drive/differential
gear lock indicator “ ”/“ ”
The On-Command four-wheel-drive indicator
“ ” comes on when the On-Command fourwheel-drive switch is set to the “4WD” position.
DIFF.
LOCK
EVU00161
Reverse indicator light “R”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “R” reverse position.
Furthermore, this indicator light flashes when
the engine is being raced for 10 seconds or
more.
The On-Command differential gear lock indicator “ ” in the On-Command four-wheeldrive indicator also comes on when the OnCommand differential gear lock switch is set
to the “LOCK” position.
DIFF.
LOCK
If the indicator light flashes under any other
circumstances or the speedometer does not
show the speed while riding, have a Yamaha
dealer check the speed sensor circuit.
●
●
EVU00210
Parking brake indicator light “P”
This indicator light comes on when the parking brake is applied.
Due to the synchronizing mechanism in the
differential gear case, the four-wheel-drive
indicator may not come on until the vehicle
starts moving.
When the On-Command differential gear
lock switch is set to “LOCK”, the indicator
“ ” will flash until the differential gear is
locked.
DIFF.
LOCK
4-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00181
EVU01630
Coolant temperature warning light “ ”
If the coolant temperature reaches a specified
level, this light comes on to warn that the coolant temperature is too hot. If the light comes
on during operation, stop the engine as soon
as it is safe to do so and allow the engine to
cool down for about 10 minutes.
(See page 8-59.)
Multi-function meter unit
NOTICE
●
●
The engine may overheat if the vehicle
is overloaded. If this happens, reduce
the load to specification.
After restarting, make sure that the light
is out. Continuous use while the light is
on may cause damage to the engine.
1.
3.
5.
6.
7.
Speedometer
2. Fuel meter
“H” button
4. “M” button
Clock/Hour meter
Odometer/Tripmeter A/Tripmeter B
“TRIP/ODO” button
8. Clock/Hour button “
/
”
The multi-function meter unit is equipped with
the following:
● a speedometer (which shows the riding
speed)
● an odometer (which shows the total distance traveled)
4-4
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
●
●
●
●
Odometer and tripmeter modes
Pushing the “TRIP/ODO” button switches the
display between the odometer mode “ODO”
and the tripmeter modes “A” and “B” in the following order:
ODO → TRIP A → TRIP B → ODO
To reset a tripmeter, select it by pushing the
“TRIP/ODO” button, and then hold the “TRIP/
ODO” button for at least three seconds. The
tripmeters can be used to estimate the distance that can be traveled with a full tank of fuel. This information will enable you to plan
future fuel stops.
Holding in the “TRIP/ODO” button and then
turning the key to “ON” switches the display
between “mph” and “km/h”.
two tripmeters (which show the distance
traveled since they were last set to zero)
a clock
an hour meter (which shows the total time
the key has been turned to “ON”)
a fuel meter
4-5
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Clock mode
Pushing the “
/ ” button switches the display between the clock mode “CLOCK” and
the hour meter mode “HOUR” in the following
order:
CLOCK → HOUR → CLOCK
Fuel meter
The fuel meter indicates the amount of fuel in
the fuel tank. The display segments of the fuel
meter disappear from “F” (full) towards “E”
(empty) as the fuel level decreases. When the
“E” segment disappears and the fuel level
warning indicator flashes, refuel as soon as
possible.
To set the clock
1. Set the display to the clock.
2. Push the “
/ ” button until the clock
starts flashing.
3. Set the hours by pushing the “H” button.
4. Set the minutes by pushing the “M” button.
5. Push the “
/ ” button, and then release it to start the clock.
1. Fuel level warning indicator
2. Fuel meter
3. “E” segment
4-6
EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00230
Switches
NOTICE
Do not use the headlights with the engine
turned off for an extended period of time.
The battery may discharge to the point
that the starter motor will not operate
properly. If this should happen, remove
the battery and recharge it.
EVU00240
Light switch “OFF/
1. Light switch “OFF/
L
/
H
/
L
H
”
”
Set the switch to “ L ” to turn on the low beam
and the taillights.
Set the switch to “ H ” to turn on the high
beam and the taillights.
Set the switch to “OFF” to turn off all the lights.
4-7
EE.book Page 8 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01183
On-Command four-wheel-drive and differential gear lock switches
●
●
1. On-Command four-wheel-drive switch “2WD”/“4WD”
2. On-Command differential gear lock switch “4WD”/“LOCK”
This vehicle is equipped with an On-Command four-wheel-drive switch “2WD”/“4WD”
and a differential gear lock switch “4WD”/
“LOCK”. Select the appropriate drive according to terrain and conditions.
● Two-wheel drive (“2WD”): Power is supplied to the rear wheels only.
4-8
Four-wheel drive (“4WD”): Power is supplied to the rear and front wheels.
Four-wheel drive with the differential gear
locked (“4WD-LOCK”): Power is supplied
to the rear and front wheels with the differential gear locked. Unlike the 4WD mode,
all wheels turn at the same speed regardless of traction.
EE.book Page 9 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00260
EVU00270
Accelerator pedal
Press the accelerator pedal down to increase
engine speed. Spring pressure returns the
pedal to the rest position when released. Always check that the accelerator pedal returns
normally before starting the engine.
Brake pedal
Press the brake pedal to slow or stop the vehicle.
1. Brake pedal
1. Accelerator pedal
4-9
EE.book Page 10 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00280
Parking brake lever
The parking brake lever is located at the right
side of the driver’s seat. It will help keep the
vehicle from moving while parked.
To set the parking brake, pull the lever up
completely.
To release the parking brake, pull up on the
lever, press the release button, and then push
the lever all the way down.
Spring pressure helps return the lever to the
released position.
1. Parking brake lever
4-10
2. Release button
EE.book Page 11 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00290
EVU00300
Drive select lever
The drive select lever is used to shift the vehicle into the low, high, neutral, and reverse positions. (Refer to pages 6-6–6-7 for the drive
select lever operation.)
Fuel tank cap
Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counterclockwise.
1. Fuel tank cap
1. Drive select lever
4-11
EE.book Page 12 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00320
Starter (choke) “ ”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel
mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this
mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the starter
(choke).
Move in direction b to turn off the starter
(choke).
Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for proper operation. (See pages 6-2–6-5.)
Doors
To open a door, simply pull the latch outward.
To close a door, push or pull the door inward
until it is securely latched. Be sure the door is
SECURELY LATCHED AFTER CLOSING IT.
1
2
1. Latch
A. Starter (choke) “
2. Half open
”
1. Fully open
3. Closed
4-12
2. Door
EE.book Page 13 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00330
Seats
To remove a seat, pull its seat lock lever upward, lift the front of the seat, and then slide
the seat forward and up.
1. Driver seat
3. Seat lock lever (× 2)
To install a seat, insert the projections on the
rear of the seat into the seat holders and push
down on the seat at the front. Make sure the
seats are securely latched. WARNING! A
loose seat could cause the operator to
lose control, or cause the operator or passenger to fall.
2. Passenger seat
4-13
EE.book Page 14 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00340
EVU01191
Seat belts
This vehicle is equipped with three-point seat
belts for both the operator and the passenger.
Always wear the seat belts properly while
riding in the vehicle. See pages 7-6–7-8 for
more information.
Glove compartment
NOTICE
To protect from damage, do not put metal
products, like tools or sharply edged products, directly in the glove compartment. If
they must be stored, wrap them in appropriate cushioning material.
a. Unlock.
4-14
b. Open.
EE.book Page 15 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00351
Cargo bed
1. Cargo bed
3. Cargo hook (× 4)
Opening and closing the tailgate
2. Tailgate
1. Tailgate
2. Latch (× 2)
To open
Unhook the latches, and then lower the tailgate.
Maximum load limit: 181 kg (400 lb)
For additional loading information, see pages
6-11–6-13.
To close
Place the tailgate in the original position, and
then hook the latches.
4-15
EE.book Page 16 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Lifting and lowering the cargo bed
To lower
With hands and fingers clear of pinch points,
lower the cargo bed slowly to its original position and be sure it is locked into place.
WARNING! Keep hands, body, and other
people away from pinch points when lowering bed. Do not hold onto the cage/frame
while closing the bed.
1. Cargo bed release lever
To lift
Push down the cargo bed release lever on the
left or right side of the vehicle, and then slowly
lift up the cargo bed until it stops.
4-16
EE.book Page 17 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00360
Front and rear shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the
operating conditions. You can reduce preload
for a softer ride, or increase preload if frequent
bottoming occurs or when carrying loads.
Adjust the spring preload as follows:
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a.
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b.
WARNING
Always adjust the shock absorbers on the
left and right sides to the same setting. Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling
and loss of stability, which could lead to
an accident.
NOTICE
Frequent or severe bottoming can cause
increased wear or damage to the vehicle.
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
4-17
EE.book Page 18 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00370
A special wrench can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer to make this adjustment.
Trailer hitch bracket and receiver
This vehicle is equipped with a trailer hitch
bracket and a 5 cm (2 in) receiver for a standard trailer hitch. Trailer towing equipment
can be obtained at a Yamaha dealer. (See
pages 6-11–6-13 for precaution information.)
Standard position: B
A- Minimum (soft)
E- Maximum (hard)
1
1. Trailer hitch bracket
1. Special wrench
4-18
2
2. Receiver
EE.book Page 19 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00380
Auxiliary DC jack
The auxiliary DC jack is located at the right
side of the front panel. The auxiliary DC jack
can be used for suitable work lights, radios,
etc. The auxiliary DC jack should only be used
when the engine is running.
1. Auxiliary DC jack
Maximum rated capacity for the auxiliary
DC jack:
DC 12 V, 120 W (10 A)
4. When the auxiliary DC jack is not being
used, cover it with the cap.
1. Auxiliary DC jack cap
1. Set the light switch to “OFF”.
2. Start the engine. (See pages 6-2–6-5.)
3. Open the auxiliary DC jack cap, and then
insert the accessory power plug into the
jack.
4-19
EE.book Page 20 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
NOTICE
●
●
●
Do not use accessories requiring more
than the maximum capacity stated
above. This may overload the circuit
and cause the fuse to blow.
If accessories are used without the engine running, the battery will lose its
charge and engine starting may become
difficult.
Do not use an automotive cigarette
lighter or other accessories with a plug
that gets hot, because the jack can be
damaged.
4-20
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01200
FOR YOUR SAFETY – PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
1-
Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage. Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem
cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
ITEM
ROUTINE
PAGE
Brakes
• Check operation, free play, fluid level, and fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
5-3, 8-34–8-37,
8-39–8-40
Parking brake
• Check for proper operation, condition, and free play.
Fuel
• Check fuel level.
• Fill with fuel if necessary.
Engine oil
• Check oil level.
• Fill with oil to proper level if necessary.
5-6, 8-10–8-14
Coolant reservoir
• Check coolant level.
• Fill with coolant if necessary.
5-7, 8-19–8-20
8-38–8-39
5-4–5-5
5-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
ITEM
ROUTINE
Final gear oil/
Differential gear oil
• Check for leakage.
Accelerator pedal
PAGE
5-7, 8-15–8-18
1
• Check for proper accelerator pedal operation.
5-8
2
Seat belts
• Check for proper operation and belt wear.
5-8
3
Steering
• Check for proper operation.
5-8
Fittings and fasteners
• Check all fittings and fasteners.
5-8
Lights and switches
• Check for proper operation.
Wheels and tires
• Check tire pressure and for wear and damage.
Axle boots
• Check for damage.
4
5-9, 8-51–8-56
5
5-9–5-11, 8-42–8-45
6
8-20
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
5-2
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00390
Front and rear brakes
Brake fluid leakage
Check to see if any brake fluid is leaking out of
the pipe joints or the brake fluid reservoir. Apply the brakes firmly for one minute. If there is
any leakage, have the vehicle inspected by a
Yamaha dealer.
Brake pedal
Check for correct brake pedal free play. If the
brake pedal free play is incorrect, have a
Yamaha dealer adjust it. (See page 8-37.)
Check the operation of the brake pedal. It
should move smoothly and there should be a
firm feeling when the brakes are applied. If
not, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha
dealer.
Brake operation
Check the operation of the brakes at the start
of every ride. Test the brakes at slow speed
after starting out to make sure they are working properly. If the brakes do not provide proper braking performance, inspect the brake
system. (See pages 8-34–8-35, 8-37–8-40.)
Brake fluid level
Check the brake fluid level. Add fluid if necessary. (See pages 8-36–8-37.)
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
5-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00400
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the
tank.
4. Be sure the fuel tank cap is closed securely.
WARNING
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause injury or death. Handle gasoline with care.
Never siphon gasoline by mouth. If you
should swallow some gasoline or inhale a
lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline
in your eyes, see your doctor immediately.
If gasoline spills on your skin, wash with
soap and water. If gasoline spills on your
clothing, change your clothes.
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are extremely flammable. To avoid fires and explosions and to reduce the risk of injury
when refueling, follow these instructions.
1. Before refueling, turn off the engine and
be sure that driver and passenger are
outside the vehicle.
Never refuel while smoking, or while in
the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or other sources of ignition such as the pilot
lights of water heaters and clothes dryers.
2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. Because fuel
expands when it heats up, heat from the
engine or the sun can cause fuel to spill
out of the fuel tank.
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
5-4
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to
use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump
octane number ([R+M]/2) of 86 or higher, or
research octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking or pinging occurs, use a different
brand of gasoline or premium unleaded fuel.
Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug
life and reduced maintenance cost.
Recommended fuel:
Unleaded gasoline only
Fuel tank capacity:
30.0 L (6.60 Imp gal, 7.93 US gal)
Portable gas containers
If you carry a portable gas can in the bed of
the Rhino, be sure to secure it with the cap
tightened before driving the vehicle.
Always place a portable gas container on the
ground before filling it. Before removing the
container cap, touch the container with the
gas dispenser nozzle. Keep gas dispenser
nozzle in contact with container inlet when filling. WARNING! Never refill a fuel container
in the bed of any vehicle. Fire may result
from a build-up of static electricity. The
discharge of this build-up while refueling
can cause a spark and ignite the gasoline.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol.
Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if
ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended
by Yamaha because it may cause fuel system
damage or vehicle performance problems.
5-5
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00410
Engine oil
Make sure the engine oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-10–
8-14.)
1
NOTICE
●
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage
(since the engine oil also lubricates the
clutch), do not mix any chemical additives with oil. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a
higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
2
1. “CD” specification
2. “ENERGY CONSERVING II”
Recommended engine oil type and
quantity:
See page 10-2.
5-6
EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00420
EVU00430
Coolant
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir when the engine is cold (the coolant level
will vary with engine temperature).
Final gear oil
Make sure the final gear oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-15–
8-16 for details.)
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
The coolant level is satisfactory if it is between
the minimum and maximum level marks on
the coolant reservoir. If the coolant level is at
or below the minimum level mark, add additional coolant to bring the level up to maximum level mark. If coolant is not available,
add distilled water. Change the coolant every
two years. (See pages 8-19–8-20 for details.)
If desired, an SAE 80W90 hypoid gear oil may
be used for all conditions.
TIP
GL-4 is a quality and additive rating; GL-5 or
GL-6 rated hypoid gear oils may also be used.
TIP
EVU00440
NOTICE
Differential gear oil
Make sure the differential gear oil is at the
specified level. Add oil as necessary. (See
pages 8-17–8-18 for details.)
Hard water or salt water is harmful to the
engine. You may use soft water if you cannot get distilled water.
Coolant reservoir capacity
(up to the maximum level mark):
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-5 Hypoid gear oil
5-7
EE.book Page 8 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00450
Accelerator pedal
Check to see that the accelerator pedal operates correctly. It must operate smoothly and
spring back to the idle position fully when released. Have a Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper operation.
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
may not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or death in a crash.
To help make sure your restraint systems are
working properly after a crash, have them inspected and any necessary replacements
made as soon as possible.
EVU00460
Seat belts
Make sure that the seat belts are not frayed,
torn, stretched, or damaged. Each seat belt
must move smoothly when pulled out and retract on its own when released. It must also
lock up when quickly pulled out. The latch
plate should click securely into the buckle and
release when the release button is pushed
firmly. Wash off any dirt or mud that could affect operation. Have a Yamaha dealer repair
as necessary for proper operation.
EVU01230
Steering
Park on level ground. Turn the steering wheel
right and left. Check for excessive free play,
abnormal noises, or a rough feeling. Have a
Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper
operation.
EVU00470
Fittings and fasteners
Always check the tightness of chassis fittings
and fasteners before a ride. Take the vehicle
to a Yamaha dealer or refer to the Service
Manual for correct tightening torque.
5-8
EE.book Page 9 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00480
EVU00500
Lights
Check the headlights and tail/brake lights to
make sure they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for proper operation.
Tires
Check tire pressure regularly to make sure it
is at the recommended specifications. Also
check for wear and damage.
EVU00490
EVU00510
Switches
Check the operation of all switches. Have a
Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper
operation.
Tire pressure
Use the tire pressure gauge to check and adjust tire pressures when the tires are cold. Tire
pressures must be equal on both sides.
WARNING! Operation of this vehicle with
improper tire pressure may cause severe
injury or death from loss of control or rollover. Tire pressure below the minimum
specified could also cause the tire to dislodge from the rim under severe riding
conditions.
Control cables
When riding in cold weather, always make
sure all control cables work smoothly before
you begin riding. WARNING! Control cables
can freeze in cold weather and you could
be unable to control the vehicle.
5-9
EE.book Page 10 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Set tire pressures to the following specifications:
ACE-02E
Recommended
pressure
Minimum
Maximum
Front
70 kPa
(0.70 kgf/cm2,
10 psi)
63 kPa
(0.63 kgf/cm2,
9 psi)
77 kPa
(0.77 kgf/cm2,
11 psi)
Rear
98 kPa
(0.98 kgf/cm2,
14 psi)
91 kPa
(0.91 kgf/cm2,
13 psi)
105 kPa
(1.05 kgf/cm2,
15 psi)
1. Tire pressure gauge
The tire pressure gauge is included as standard equipment. Make two measurements of
the tire pressure and use the second reading.
Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause the first
reading to be incorrect.
5-10
EE.book Page 11 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00520
Tire wear limit
When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm
(0.12 in) due to wear, replace the tire.
a. Tire wear limit
5-11
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00530
OPERATION
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period in the
life of your vehicle than the period between
zero and 20 hours.
1-
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to become familiar with all controls. If there is a
control or function you do not understand, ask
your Yamaha dealer.
1
2
3
For this reason, we ask that you read the following material carefully. Because the engine
is brand new, you must not put an excessive
load on it for the first several hours of operation. During the first 20 hours, the various
parts in the engine wear and polish themselves to achieve the correct operating clearances.
WARNING
Failure to familiarize yourself with the controls can lead to loss of control, which
could cause an accident or injury.
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might result in excessive engine heating must be avoided.
However, momentary (2–3 seconds maximum) full-throttle operation under load does
not harm the engine.
6-1
11
12
13
14
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00540
Each full-throttle acceleration sequence
should be followed with a substantial rest period for the engine, by cruising at lower r/min
so the engine can rid itself of the temporary
build-up of heat. If any abnormality is noticed
during this period, consult a Yamaha dealer.
Starting a cold engine
1. Apply the brake pedal.
2. Shift the drive select lever into the neutral
position.
● When the drive select lever is in the
neutral position, the neutral indicator
light should come on. If the neutral indicator light does not come on, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect the electric
circuit.
● The engine can be started in any gear
if the brake is applied. However, it is
recommended to shift into neutral before starting the engine.
0–10 hours:
Avoid continuous operation above half-throttle. Allow a cooling-off period of five to ten
minutes after every hour of operation. Vary
the speed of the vehicle from time to time. Do
not operate it at one set throttle position.
10–20 hours:
Avoid prolonged operation above three-quarter throttle.
After break-in:
The vehicle may now be operated normally.
6-2
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
3. Use the starter (choke) in reference to
the figure:
Position 1: Cold engine start – ambient
temperature below 5 °C
(40 °F).
Position 2: Cold engine start – ambient
temperature at 0 °C (30
°F)–30 °C (90 °F) and
warming up position.
Position 3: Cold engine start – ambient
temperature above 25 °C
(80 °F) and warm engine
start position.
a. Starter (choke)
2. Half open
1. Fully open
3. Closed
4. With your foot off the accelerator pedal,
start the engine by turning the key to
“START”.
6-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
If the engine fails to start, release the key, and
then try starting it again. Wait a few seconds
before the next attempt. Each attempt should
be as short as possible, to preserve battery
energy. NOTICE: Do not crank the engine
more than 5 seconds on each attempt, or
starter damage could occur. Wait at least 5
seconds between each operation of the
electric starter to let it cool.
WARNING
The speed of a cold engine may increase
enough as it warms up to cause the vehicle to move on its own while the choke is
being used. Do not get out of the vehicle
while the engine is running and the drive
select lever is in any gear.
Unwanted vehicle movement can cause
serious injury or death, and it may be dangerous to try to stop the vehicle. The parking brake may not keep the vehicle from
accelerating.
Do not turn the key to the “START” position
with the engine running, or damage to the
electric starter may result.
5. If the engine is started with the starter
(choke) in position 1, the starter (choke)
should be returned to position 2 to warm
up the engine. If the engine is started with
the starter (choke) in position 2, keep
the starter (choke) in this position to
warm up the engine.
6-4
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00561
6. With the vehicle still in neutral, continue
warming up the engine until it idles
smoothly, and return the starter (choke)
to position 3 before riding. Failure to do
so may result in poor performance and
premature wearing of the rear brake and
V-belt.
Warming up
To get maximum engine life, always warm up
the engine before starting off. To see whether
or not the engine is warm, check for smooth
throttle response with the vehicle in neutral
and the starter (choke) turned off.
Never accelerate hard with a cold engine!
EVU00550
Starting a warm engine
To start a warm engine, refer to the “Starting a
cold engine” section. The starter (choke)
should not be used. Press the accelerator
pedal slightly.
6-5
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Drive select lever operation and reverse
driving
2. Apply the brake pedal, then shift by moving the drive select lever along the shift
guide. Make sure that the drive select lever is completely shifted into position.
NOTICE
Do not shift without coming to a complete
stop and waiting for the engine to return to
normal idle speed. Damage to the engine
or drive train may occur.
Shifting: neutral to high and high to low
1. Stop the vehicle. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
1. Drive select lever
3. Release the brake pedal and press the
accelerator pedal gradually.
6-6
EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Shifting: neutral to reverse
WARNING
Before you shift into reverse, make sure
there are no obstacles or people behind
you. When it is safe to proceed, go slowly.
Hitting an obstacle or person could result
in serious injury or death.
1. Stop the vehicle. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and check behind you.
2. Apply the brake pedal.
3. Shift from neutral to reverse or vice versa
by moving the drive select lever along the
shift guide.
● When in reverse, the reverse indicator
light should be on. Due to the synchronizing mechanism in the engine, the
light may not come on until the vehicle
starts moving.
● If the light does not come on, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect the reverse
indicator light electrical circuit.
1. Drive select lever
4. Check behind the vehicle for people or
obstacles, and then release the brake
pedal.
5. Press the accelerator pedal gradually
and continue to watch to the rear while
backing.
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EVU01183
On-Command four-wheel-drive switch and
differential gear lock switch
You may notice that the vehicle handles differently in 2WD, 4WD, and 4WD-LOCK
(“DIFF. LOCK”). For example, you should expect that the vehicle will require more effort to
turn in 4WD-LOCK (“DIFF. LOCK”). Always
stop the vehicle before changing between
2WD and 4WD or 4WD and 4WD-LOCK
(“DIFF-LOCK”).
“2WD”/“4WD”
To change from 2WD to 4WD, stop the vehicle, and then set the switch to “4WD”. When
the vehicle is in 4WD, the four-wheel-drive indicator “ ” will come on in the multi-function
display. To change from 4WD to 2WD, stop
the vehicle, be sure the differential gear lock
lever is set to position a, and then set the
switch to “2WD”.
1. Differential gear lock lever
2. On-Command four-wheel-drive switch “2WD”/“4WD”
6-8
EE.book Page 9 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
On-Command differential gear lock switch
“4WD”/“LOCK”
To lock the differential gear in 4WD, stop the
vehicle, make sure the On-Command fourwheel-drive switch is set to “4WD”, move the
differential gear lock lever to position b, and
then set the switch to “LOCK”. When the differential gear is locked, the differential gear
lock indicator light (“DIFF. LOCK”) will come
on along with the differential gear lock indicator “ ” in the multi-function display. To release the differential gear lock, stop the
vehicle and set the switch to “4WD”.
● When the switch is set to “LOCK”, the differential gear lock indicator and indicator
light will flash until the differential gear is
locked.
● When the indicator and indicator light are
flashing, turning the steering wheel back
and forth will help the differential gear lock
to engage.
DIFF.
LOCK
1. On-Command differential gear lock switch “4WD”/“LOCK”
2. Differential gear lock lever
6-9
EE.book Page 10 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01210
●
Driving before the differential gear lock is
properly engaged (e.g., when the indicator
and indicator light are flashing) will cause
the engine speed to be limited until engagement is complete.
Parking
When parking, stop the engine and shift the
drive select lever into the neutral position. Apply the parking brake to help prevent the vehicle from rolling. See pages 7-17–7-18 for
more information on parking and parking on a
slope.
6-10
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EVU00630
Loading
Take extra precautions when driving with a
load or trailer. Follow these instructions and
always use common sense and good judgment when carrying cargo or towing a trailer.
●
●
●
Prepare your load or trailer
WARNING
Improper loading or towing can increase
the risk of loss of control, an overturn, or
other accident:
● Do not exceed the Maximum Loading
Limits for the vehicle (see box or vehicle labeling).
● Keep weight in the cargo bed centered
side to side, and as low and as far forward as possible. Top-heavy loads increase the risk of overturn. Be sure
cargo is secured – a loose load could
change handling unexpectedly or
strike occupants.
6-11
Do not exceed the maximum tongue
weight.
Make sure the load does not interfere
with your control or ability to see
where you are going.
Tie down cargo in the trailer securely.
Make sure cargo in the trailer cannot
move around. A shifting load can
cause an accident.
EE.book Page 12 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Use the hooks equipped on the cargo bed to
tie down loads.
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
● Vehicle loading limit (total weight of
cargo, operator, passenger and
accessories and tongue weight):
393 kg (866 lb)
● Cargo bed: 181 kg (400 lb)
● Trailer hitch:
Pulling load (total weight of trailer and
cargo): 550 kg (1,212 lb)
Tongue weight (vertical weight on trailer
hitch point): 50 kg (110 lb)
Choose a trailer hitch drawbar designed for
use with a 5 cm (2 in) receiver. (See page
4-18 for more information.)
You can measure tongue weight with a bathroom scale. Put the tongue of the loaded trailer on the scale with the tongue at hitch height.
Adjust the load in the trailer, if necessary, to
reduce the weight on hitch. If you are carrying
cargo and towing a trailer, include the tongue
weight in the maximum vehicle load limit.
6-12
EE.book Page 13 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Operating when loaded with cargo or towing a trailer
Drive more slowly than you would without a
load. The more weight you carry, the slower
you should go. Although conditions vary, it is
good practice to keep the vehicle in low gear
whenever you are carrying heavier loads or
when towing a trailer.
Pulling something other than a trailer
Yamaha recommends that loads be transported in the bed or in a trailer. If you need to
move an object a short distance use a winch
and follow the winch manufacturer’s instructions.
If you choose to use something other than a
winch use extreme caution, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for that product, and
only attach to the hitch or hitch bracket of the
Rhino. WARNING! Improperly pulling can
cause serious injury or death. Never exceed the Pulling Load limit of the Rhino.
Avoid pulling on inclines.
WARNING
Carrying loads or towing a trailer can increase the risk of loss of control, an overturn, or other accident. To reduce the risk
of an accident:
● Reduce speed, operate in low gear
only, and allow more room to stop. A
heavier vehicle takes longer to stop.
● Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose
terrain carefully. Use extreme caution
when towing or carrying a load on inclines.
● Turn gradually and go slowly.
Pulling objects on the ground can be more
hazardous than pulling a trailer. It may be difficult to predict how the load will affect vehicle
operation. That effect could also change depending upon terrain or what obstacles might
be in the object’s path.
6-13
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5UG14004
1-
BASIC GUIDE FOR SAFE
USE
KNOW YOUR VEHICLE
This off-road vehicle will handle and maneuver differently from cars, ATVs, go-carts, golfcars and grounds-keeping vehicles. The
Rhino has higher ground clearance and other
features to handle rugged terrain, and, as a
result, can overturn in situations where some
vehicles may not. This would include vehicles
made primarily for pavement, roads, improved paths, or grounds-keeping. If you do
not use care in maneuvering the Rhino, you
can cause it to roll over even on flat, open areas.
As a Rhino owner you are responsible for the
safe and proper operation of this vehicle.
Read this chapter and review the safety instructions in Chapter 2 before operating the
vehicle. Use these chapters and the labels on
the vehicle to instruct new operators and passengers. Do not allow anyone else to operate
the vehicle or ride as a passenger if you are
unsure that he/she is willing and able to follow
these instructions.
WARNING
Follow these instructions to reduce your
risk of an accident and to reduce the risk
of serious injury or death in the event of an
accident.
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EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Doing things with a Rhino that some people
do for thrills in other vehicles (such as sideways sliding, skidding, fishtailing, or donuts)
have led to side rollovers. These rollovers can
result in crushed limbs and other serious injuries or death to drivers or passengers.
1
2
3
4
5
As the owner/operator, it is your responsibility
to protect yourself and your passenger from
accidents, including rollovers. The Rhino has
many features, including a protective structure and seat belts, to help protect occupants,
but the best way to avoid injuries is to avoid
accidents. There is a risk of injury or death in
any accident, even with these safety features.
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
7-2
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Driver requirements
● This vehicle is intended for use only by an
operator 16 or older with a valid motor vehicle license.
Parents:
Many states have implemented new motor
vehicle licensing requirements for young drivers. These requirements are in response to
the disproportionately high rate of crashes involving youthful drivers. As with automobiles,
to promote safe driving behaviors, you should
supervise drivers and consider setting rules
and putting limits on how, when, and where
the Rhino can be used.
DRIVER
UNDER
16
The driver must be able to place both feet
flat on the floorboard while seated upright
with his/her back against the seat back.
● Do not drive after using drugs or alcohol.
Remove the ignition key when the vehicle is
not in use to prevent unauthorized use of the
machine.
●
7-3
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Passenger requirements
This vehicle is designed for the operator and
one passenger. Carrying passengers improperly can lead to serious injury or death. As the
operator, you are responsible for your passenger.
● Your passenger must be able to place both
feet on the floorboard while seated upright
with his/her back against the seat back.
● Allow only one passenger in the vehicle
and only in the passenger seat. Do not carry any other passengers. Do not carry passengers in the cargo bed.
● Do not allow someone to ride as a passenger who has been using drugs or alcohol.
Occupant protection system
1
2
2
3
1. Passenger handhold
3. Door
2. Seat belt
1
7-4 1. Door
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
WARNING
Do not make changes to the occupant protection system. If you install aftermarket
products or have your vehicle modified,
you may put yourself and others at greater
risk of serious injury or death. You are responsible for any such changes to the vehicle.
1
The Rhino comes with a variety of features to
help reduce the risk of driver and passenger
injury. These features work together, and
when properly used, these features will help
protect the occupants in the event of an accident. If these features are not used properly,
they can cause injury.
1. Passenger handhold
7-5
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Protective structure
The vehicle cage/frame provides a protective
structure that helps limit intrusions by branches or other objects and may reduce your risk
of injury in accidents. The protective structure
will not protect occupants in all rollovers or accidents.
Seat belts
Seat belts should be worn by both driver and
passenger. Driver must be sure that the passenger is belted before driving.
● Be sure the seat belt is not twisted, is
close-fitting across the hips and chest,
and is latched securely.
● Do not wear the lap belt across the abdomen or stomach.
● Do not put the shoulder belt behind the
back.
Failure to use seat belts properly may lead to
an increased likelihood and severity of injury.
Body parts outside of vehicle can be struck by
passing objects or crushed during vehicle rollover. Do not put your hands or feet outside of
the vehicle for any reason. Do not hold onto
the door, cage/frame or hip restraint bar.
Wear your seat belt and helmet.
If you think or feel that the vehicle may tip or
roll, do not put your hands or feet outside the
vehicle for any reason. You will not be able to
stop the vehicle from tipping over using your
body. Any part of your body (arms, legs, or
head) outside of the vehicle can be crushed
by the vehicle cage/frame.
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EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
An unbelted occupant may strike the interior
of the vehicle, the protective structure, or other objects in an accident or during operation.
You may also fall completely out or be partially ejected from the vehicle, which may lead to
being crushed between the ground and the
vehicle. Wearing the seat belt helps you remain in the vehicle – the doors and handholds
are not a substitute for using a seat belt.
1. Seat belt (× 2)
3. Buckle (× 2)
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
may not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or death in a crash.
To help make sure your restraint systems are
working properly after a crash, have them inspected and any necessary replacements
made as soon as possible.
2. Latch plate (× 2)
To wear the seat belt properly, do the following:
1. Hold the latch plate as you pull the belt
across your lap and chest. Make sure the
belt is not twisted and is not caught on
any portion of the vehicle, your clothing,
or any equipment you are carrying.
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EE.book Page 8 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
2. If the latch plate is not positioned in the
correct location along the seat belt,
squeeze the latch plate ends together
along its long edges in order to more easily adjust its location up or down along the
length of the belt.
3. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it
clicks. Pull up on the latch plate to make
sure it is secure.
1. Buckle
4. Put the lap portion of the belt low on your
hips. Pull up on the shoulder part so the
belt is snug across your hips.
5. Position the shoulder belt over your
shoulder and across your chest. The
shoulder belt should fit against your
chest. If it is loose, pull the belt out all the
way and then let it retract.
6. To release the buckle, firmly press the release button.
2. Latch plate
7-8
EE.book Page 9 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Doors
The doors are designed to reduce the likelihood that you will stick your leg out to stop the
vehicle from tipping over or for any other reason in a rollover. The doors may also reduce
intrusion of objects into the occupant area.
Make sure the doors are securely latched before operation. Do not place your arm or hand
on the door during operation. Your hand or
arm may be struck by objects or crushed
against outside objects or the ground during a
rollover.
Passenger handholds
Handholds are provided to grip during operation to maintain proper position and balance.
Holding onto the handholds helps to reduce
the likelihood that the passenger puts a hand
outside the vehicle if the vehicle begins to tip.
There are two handholds on the protective
structure and two handholds on the passenger’s left side, for the right and left hands.
The driver should make sure the passenger is
holding onto the handholds with both hands
before operating the vehicle.
7-9
EE.book Page 10 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Seat and hip restraints
The seat and hip restraints are designed to
help keep you in the vehicle. Do not hold onto
hip restraint bar when the vehicle is moving.
Your hand or arm may be struck by objects or
crushed against outside objects or the ground
during a rollover.
7-10
EE.book Page 11 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Floorboard
The floorboard allows you to brace your feet,
which helps you keep your body in the vehicle
in the event of an accident or rollover. Keep
your feet on the floorboard during operation.
Steering wheel
Keep both hands on the steering wheel. Do
not hold the steering wheel with your thumbs
inside the rim. Keep your palms on the outside of the steering wheel. Similar to other offroad vehicles, if the Rhino hits a deep rut or
large obstacle, the steering wheel could briefly jerk in one direction or back and forth as the
tires and vehicle respond to the obstacle. This
quick motion could injure your thumbs or wrist
if your thumbs or hand(s) are inside the steering wheel. Grip the steering wheel so that
your thumbs will not be hit by the spokes. As
an example, see the illustration.
7-11
EE.book Page 12 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
LEARNING TO OPERATE YOUR VEHICLE
CORRECT GRIP EXAMPLE
Personal protective equipment
1
2
3
4
INCORRECT GRIP EXAMPLE
5
6
1.
2.
4.
6.
7-12
Approved motorcycle helmet
Eye protection
3. Long-sleeved shirt or jacket
Gloves
5. Long pants
Over-the-ankle boots
EE.book Page 13 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Both driver and passenger should wear the
following to reduce risk of injury in an accident:
● Approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly
● Eye protection (goggles, helmet face
shield, or protective eyewear)
● Over-the-ankle boots, gloves, long-sleeved
shirt or jacket, and long pants
Wear eye protection when operating or riding
the vehicle to reduce the risk of a serious accident or injury. Eye protection, such as a face
shield or goggles, may reduce the risk of foreign material getting in your eyes and help
prevent loss of vision.
Practice for new Rhino users
You should become familiar with the performance characteristics of the vehicle in a large,
flat area that is free of obstacles and other vehicles. Practice controlling the accelerator
pedal, brakes, steering, and drive select lever.
Drive at slow speeds with gradual acceleration and turning. Practice smooth throttle application. Practice slowing down before
turning. Practice maintaining a steady throttle
through the turn. Avoid higher speeds until
you are thoroughly familiar with the operation
of your vehicle. Remember, driving aggressively or making abrupt maneuvers even on
flat, open areas can cause side rollovers.
An approved helmet and other personal protective equipment can help in a variety of
ways, including:
● Reduce the severity of injuries if any part of
you is outside the vehicle cage/frame protective structure during a rollover.
● Help protect you if outside objects intrude
inside the vehicle during operation.
● Help protect you in the event of vehicle impact with an obstacle.
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EE.book Page 14 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Getting ready to ride
Perform the Pre-Operation Checks on pages
5-1–5-11. Follow the instructions starting on
page 6-2 to start the engine. Once it has
warmed up and you have turned the choke
off, you are ready to begin driving your vehicle.
Become familiar with the way the vehicle feels
in low and high ranges, first in two-wheel drive
(2WD) and then in four-wheel drive (4WD)
and four-wheel drive with the differential
locked (DIFF. LOCK). Steering may take
more effort in 4WD with the differential locked
(DIFF. LOCK). Also practice driving in reverse.
Take the time to learn basic operation of the
vehicle before attempting more difficult maneuvers.
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EE.book Page 15 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Turning
Use care in turns – turning the steering wheel
too far or too fast can result in loss of control
or a rollover. Slow down before entering turns.
When making tight turns from a standstill or at
slow speeds, avoid sudden or hard acceleration. Driving aggressively or making abrupt
maneuvers even on flat, open areas can
cause side rollovers. Avoid sideways sliding,
skidding, or fishtailing, and never do donuts. If
you feel the Rhino begin to slide sideways or
fishtail during a turn, steer into the direction of
the slide, if possible, and gradually let off the
accelerator pedal to regain directional control
and avoid rollover. For example, if you feel the
back of the vehicle start to slide to your right,
steer to the right.
If you think or feel that the vehicle may tip or
roll, keep your body completely inside the protective structure of the vehicle:
● Brace yourself by pressing your feet firmly
on the floorboards and keep a firm grip on
the steering wheel or handholds.
● Do not put your hands or feet outside of the
vehicle for any reason. Do not try to stop a
tipover using your arm or leg.
7-15
EE.book Page 16 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Accelerating
With the engine idling in neutral and your foot
on the brake, shift the drive select lever into
low or high. NOTICE: Do not shift from low
to high or vice versa without coming to a
complete stop and waiting for the engine
to return to normal idle speed – damage to
the engine or drive train may occur. Then
release the parking brake. Press the accelerator pedal slowly and smoothly. The centrifugal clutch will engage and the vehicle will
begin to accelerate.
Braking
When slowing down or stopping, take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and press the
brake pedal smoothly. Improper use of the
brakes can cause the tires to lose traction, reducing control of the vehicle and increasing
the possibility of an accident.
Braking ability is affected by type of terrain. In
most cases, gradual application of the brakes
is more effective than abrupt braking, particularly on loose surfaces, such as gravel. Always allow for greater braking distance on
rough, loose, or slippery surfaces.
Avoid higher speeds and sudden or hard acceleration until you are thoroughly familiar
with the operation of your vehicle. Avoid sudden or hard acceleration in any turn.
7-16
Engine braking
Engine compression braking is designed to
assist you when operating your Rhino offroad. With this feature, the engine helps slow
the vehicle down after you take your foot off
the accelerator. Engine braking is more noticeable in 4WD. Application of vehicle brakes
provides additional stopping power.
EE.book Page 17 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Leaving the vehicle
Do not get out of the vehicle while the engine
is running and the drive select lever is in any
gear. There is a risk of injury because:
● The speed of a cold engine may increase
enough as it warms up to cause the vehicle
to move on its own while the choke is being
used.
● Children or others may accidentally press
the accelerator pedal.
● Objects tossed into the vehicle may strike
the accelerator pedal.
● The parking brake may not keep the vehicle from accelerating.
Unwanted vehicle movement can cause serious injury or death, and it may be dangerous
to try to stop the vehicle.
Parking on a flat area
When parking on a flat area, stop the engine
and shift the drive select lever into the neutral
position. Apply the parking brake to help prevent the vehicle from rolling.
Parking on a slope
The parking brake acts only on the rear
wheels when in 2WD. For the parking brake to
take effect on all four wheels, shift to 4WD
Diff. Lock before stopping the engine.
If you park on a hill that is too steep the vehicle may roll out of control. Never park on hills
that are so steep you cannot walk up them
easily. If you must park on an incline follow
these instructions:
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop by applying the
brakes.
2. Put the vehicle in 4WD Diff. Lock.
3. Turn the engine off.
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EE.book Page 18 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
4. With the brake pedal applied, set the
parking brake.
5. Block the front and rear wheels with
rocks or other objects.
Operation on different surfaces and
terrains
Go slowly and proceed with caution when operating on an unfamiliar surface or terrain.
This vehicle may handle differently in certain
types of terrains or on certain surfaces. You
may come upon hidden rocks, bumps, or
holes without enough time to react. To avoid
loss of control or rollover, always be alert to
changing surfaces or terrain when operating
the vehicle.
Loading
The total weight of operator, passenger, accessories, cargo, trailer tongue weight, and
the vehicle itself must not exceed 907 kg
(2,000 lb). Vehicle loading can affect handling. See “Loading” on pages 6-11–6-13.
The Rhino has higher ground clearance and
other features to handle rugged terrain, and
as a result, can overturn in situations where
some vehicles may not. Abrupt maneuvers or
aggressive driving can cause loss of control,
including rollovers – even on flat, open areas.
These rollovers can result in crushed limbs
and other serious injuries or death to drivers
or passengers.
7-18
EE.book Page 19 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Hills
Choose carefully which hills you attempt to
climb or descend. Avoid hills with slippery surfaces or those where you will not be able to
see far enough ahead of you. Use common
sense and remember that some hills are too
steep for you to climb or descend. Use proper
driving techniques to avoid rearward, forward,
or sideways rollovers on hills and slopes.
Drive straight up and down inclines, not
across them. If crossing a hill is unavoidable,
drive slowly. Turn downhill immediately if you
feel the vehicle may tip.
If you think or feel the Rhino may tip or
roll:
● Brace yourself by pressing your feet firmly
on the floorboards and keep a firm grip on
the steering wheel or handholds.
● Do not put your hands or feet outside of the
vehicle for any reason.
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EE.book Page 20 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Uphill
Do not attempt to climb hills until you have
mastered basic maneuvers on flat ground.
Drive straight up hills, and avoid crossing the
side of a hill, which increases your risk of rollover. Practice first on gentle slopes before attempting steeper hills. Always check the
terrain carefully before attempting any hill.
Slow down when you reach the crest of the hill
if you cannot see clearly what is on the other
side – there could be another person, an obstacle, or a sharp drop-off.
If you start to lose traction or momentum
when climbing, and decide you will be unable
to continue, use the brakes to stop. Do not attempt to turn the vehicle around. With your
foot on the brake pedal, look behind you and
plan your descent. Shift the drive select lever
into reverse so you can use engine braking to
slow your descent. Release the brake and begin to coast down the hill. Use engine braking
as much as possible, gently applying the
brakes when necessary.
To climb a hill, you need traction, momentum,
and steady throttle. For more traction and
control for climbing steeper and/or rougher
slopes, shift into low gear and select 4WD or
4WD Diff. Lock. Travel fast enough to maintain momentum, but not so fast that you cannot react to changes in the terrain as you
climb.
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Downhill
Check the terrain carefully before going
downhill. When possible, choose a path that
lets you drive your vehicle straight downhill.
Choose your path carefully and drive slowly
enough to be able to react to obstacles that
you encounter.
If you are sliding or skidding, try to steer in the
direction the vehicle is sliding, to regain control. For example, if you feel the back of the
vehicle start to slide to your right, steer to the
right.
If you must turn on the hill to avoid an obstacle, do so slowly and carefully. If the vehicle
starts to tip, immediately steer in the downhill
direction if there are no obstacles in your path.
As you regain proper balance, gradually steer
again in the direction you want to go.
For more traction and control, before going
down steeper and/or rougher slopes, shift into
low gear and select 4WD or 4WD Diff. Lock.
Engine braking will help you go downhill slowly. Go as slowly as possible. If you begin to go
too fast, apply the brakes gently. Avoid hard
application of the brakes, which could cause
the vehicle to slide.
7-21
EE.book Page 22 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Rough terrain
Operation over rough terrain should be done
with caution.
● Look for and avoid obstacles that could
cause damage to the vehicle or could lead
to a rollover or accident.
● Do not drive in a way that will get the Rhino
airborne, as injury, loss of control, and
damage to the vehicle could occur.
Water
If you must cross shallow, slow-moving water
up to the depth of the vehicle’s floorboards,
choose your path carefully to avoid sharp
drop-offs, large rocks, or slippery surfaces
that could cause the vehicle to overturn. Never operate through water deeper than 33 cm
(13 in) or fast-flowing water. Choose a path
where both your entrance into and exit point
from the water is a gradual incline. Determine
the water depth and currents before crossing.
Pavement
This vehicle is designed for off-road use only.
Avoid paved surfaces. Turn gradually and go
slowly if you must drive on pavement.
Operating this vehicle through deep or fastflowing water can lead to loss of control or
overturn. To reduce your risk of drowning or
other injuries, use care when crossing
through water.
Wet brakes may have reduced effectiveness.
After leaving the water, test your brakes. If
necessary, apply the brakes several times to
let friction dry out the linings.
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Loose terrain/slippery terrain
When driving on slippery terrain, including
wet, muddy, or icy conditions, as well as loose
gravel, be aware that you could begin skidding or sliding. To avoid loss of control, slow
down and put the Rhino in 4WD before driving
on a slippery surface and plan your path to
avoid making abrupt maneuvers.
NOTICE
After driving your vehicle in water, be sure
to drain the trapped water by removing the
check hose at the bottom of the air filter
case, the V-belt cooling duct check hose,
the drive select lever box check hose and
the V-belt case drain plug. Wash the vehicle in fresh water if it has been operated in
salt water or muddy conditions.
If you feel the Rhino begin to slide sideways or
fishtail during a turn, steer into the direction of
the slide if possible, to regain directional control. For example, if you feel the back of the
vehicle start to slide to your right, steer to the
right.
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EE.book Page 24 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Brush or wooded areas
When operating in areas with brush or trees,
watch carefully on both sides and above the
vehicle for obstacles such as branches that
the vehicle might hit, causing an accident.
Watch for brush that might enter the vehicle
as you pass and strike you or the passenger.
Never hold onto the cage/frame. The passenger should always hold onto the handholds
with both hands.
Encountering obstacles
If you cannot go around an obstacle, such as
a fallen tree or a ditch, stop the vehicle where
it is safe to do so. Set the parking brake and
get out to inspect the area thoroughly. Look
from both your approach side and exit side. If
you believe you can continue safely, choose
the path that will allow you to get over the obstacle and at as close to a right angle as possible to minimize vehicle tipping. Go only fast
enough to maintain your momentum but still
give yourself plenty of time to react to changes in conditions.
The muffler and other engine parts become
extremely hot during operation and remain
hot after the engine has stopped. To reduce
the risk of fire during operation or after leaving
the vehicle, do not let brush, grass and other
materials collect under the vehicle, near the
muffler or exhaust pipe, or next to other hot
parts. Check under the vehicle after operating
in areas where combustible materials may
have collected. Do not idle or park the vehicle
in long dry grass or other dry ground cover.
If there is any question about your ability to
maneuver safely over the obstacle, you
should turn around if the ground is flat and you
have the room or back up until you find a less
difficult path.
7-24
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00650
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT
WARNING
1-
Turn off the engine when performing maintenance unless otherwise specified.
● A running engine has moving parts
that can catch on body parts or clothing and electrical parts that can cause
shocks or fires.
● Running the engine while servicing
can lead to eye injury, burns, fire, or
carbon monoxide poisoning – possibly leading to death. See page 2-8 for
more information about carbon monoxide.
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the safest and
most efficient condition possible.
Safety is an obligation of the vehicle owner/
operator. The most important points of vehicle
inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are explained on the following pages.
WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the vehicle or
performing maintenance activities incorrectly may increase your risk of injury or
death during service or while using the vehicle. If you are not familiar with vehicle
service, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.
8-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00660
Owner’s manual and tool kit
You are recommended to put this owner’s
manual in the vinyl bag and always carry it underneath the driver seat as shown. Put the
owner’s tool kit and tire pressure gauge in the
space beside the battery.
1
2
3
4
5
6
1. Owner’s tool kit
2. Tire pressure gauge
The service information included in this manual is intended to provide you, the owner, with
the necessary information for completing your
own preventive maintenance and minor repairs.
The tools provided in the owner’s tool kit are
sufficient for this purpose, except that a torque
wrench is also necessary to properly tighten
nuts and bolts.
1. Owner’s manual
8-2
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
If you do not have a torque wrench available
during a service operation requiring one, take
your vehicle to a Yamaha dealer to check the
torque settings and adjust them as necessary.
8-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01640
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
● For vehicles not equipped with an odometer or hour meter, follow the month maintenance intervals.
● For vehicles equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the km (mi) or hours maintenance intervals. However, keep in mind that if the vehicle isn’t used for a long period of time,
the month maintenance intervals should be followed.
● Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical skills.
ITEM
Fuel line*
Valves*
Spark plug
Carburetor*
Crankcase breather
system*
Exhaust system*
Spark arrester
Whichever month
comes first
km
(mi)
hours
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check fuel hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check valve clearance.
Adjust if necessary.
Check condition.
Adjust gap and clean.
Replace if necessary.
Check idle speed/starter operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check breather hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check for leakage.
Tighten if necessary.
Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
Clean.
8-4
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,200
(750)
75
6
2,400
(1,500)
150
EVERY
6
12
2,400
4,800
(1,500) (3,000)
150
300
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01650
General maintenance and lubrication chart
ITEM
Cooling system
Air filter elements
(engine and air intake duct)
Engine oil
Engine oil filter cartridge
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
Front brake*
Rear brake*
Accelerator pedal*
V-belt*
Wheels*
Wheel bearings*
Front and rear
suspension*
Steering system*
Rear upper and lower
knuckle pivots*
Whichever month
comes first
km
(mi)
hours
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check coolant leakage.
Repair if necessary.
Replace coolant every 24 months.
Clean.
Replace if necessary.
Replace (warm engine before draining).
Replace.
Check oil level/oil leakage.
Replace.
Check operation/brake pad wear/fluid leakage/see page 8-6.
Correct if necessary. Replace pads if worn to the limit.
Check operation/brake pad wear/fluid leakage/see page 8-6.
Correct if necessary. Replace pads if worn to the limit.
Check operation and free play.
Check operation.
Check for wear, cracks, or damage.
Check balance/damage/runout.
Repair if necessary.
Check bearing assemblies for looseness/damage.
Replace if damaged.
Check operation and for leakage.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation and for looseness/Replace if damaged.
Check toe-in/Adjust if necessary.
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
8-5
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,200
(750)
75
6
2,400
(1,500)
150
EVERY
6
12
2,400
4,800
(1,500) (3,000)
150
300
Every 20–40 hours
(More often in wet or dusty areas.)
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
ITEM
Drive shaft universal joint*
Engine mount*
Front and rear axle boots*
Stabilizer bushings*
Fittings and fasteners*
Whichever month
comes first
km
(mi)
hours
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,200
(750)
75
6
2,400
(1,500)
150
EVERY
6
12
2,400
4,800
(1,500) (3,000)
150
300
Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
Check for cracks or damage.
Check bolt tightness.
Check operation.
Replace if damaged.
Check for cracks or damage.
Check all chassis fittings and fasteners.
Correct if necessary.
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
Brake fluid replacement:
● Replace the brake fluid when disassembling the master cylinder or caliper.
● Check the brake fluid level regularly and add fluid as required.
● Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper every two years.
● Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if cracked or damaged.
8-6
EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00680
Hood
To open
Unhook the hood latches, and then slowly tilt
the hood up until it stops.
1. Hood
1. Latch (× 2)
8-7
EE.book Page 8 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
To close
Lower the hood slowly to its original position,
and then hook the hood latches. Secure projections 1 on the rear of the hood into slots 2
on the back of the instrument panel. Secure
slots 3 on the side of the hood around
projections 4 on the frame.
1. Projection (× 2)
3. Slot (× 2)
NOTICE
●
●
2. Slot (× 2)
4. Projection (× 2)
8-8
Make sure that all cables and wires are
in place when closing the hood.
Do not drive the vehicle with the hood
open, unlatched, or removed.
EE.book Page 9 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00691
Console
To install
1. Place the console in its original position.
2. Install the parking brake lever boot.
3. Install the seats.
To remove
1. Remove the seats. (See page 4-13 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the parking brake lever boot.
3. Pull the console upward (the drive select
lever boot will come loose).
NOTICE
●
●
1. Console
8-9
When installing the console, be sure not
to pinch the cables or wires.
Make sure that the groove at the bottom
of the parking brake lever boot and the
drive select lever boot fits securely
around the edge of the hole in the console.
EE.book Page 10 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00701
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
Check engine oil level before each operation.
In addition, change the oil and the oil filter cartridge at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
5. Insert the dipstick in the oil filler hole
(without screwing it in), and then remove
it again to check the oil level. The engine
oil should be between the minimum and
maximum level marks.
To check the engine oil level
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the console. (See page 8-9 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
3. Check the engine oil level on a cold engine. If the engine was started before
checking the oil level, be sure to warm up
the engine sufficiently, and then wait at
least ten minutes until the oil settles for
an accurate reading.
4. Remove the engine oil filler cap and wipe
off the dipstick with a clean rag.
1. Maximum level mark
3. Dipstick
2. Minimum level mark
4. Engine oil filler cap
6. If the engine oil is at or below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil of the
recommended type to raise it to the correct level.
8-10
EE.book Page 11 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
7. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole,
and then tighten the oil filler cap.
8. Reinstall the console.
To change the engine oil (with or without
oil filter cartridge replacement)
1. Remove the console. (See page 8-9 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
2. Start the engine, warm it up for several
minutes, and then turn it off.
3. Place an oil pan under the engine to collect the used oil, and then remove the engine oil filler cap.
4. Remove the engine oil drain bolt to drain
the oil from the crankcase.
1. Engine oil drain bolt
8-11
EE.book Page 12 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Skip steps 5–7 if the oil filter cartridge is not
being replaced.
6. Apply a light coat of clean engine oil to
the O-ring of the new oil filter cartridge.
Make sure the O-ring is seated properly.
5. Remove the oil filter cartridge with an oil
filter wrench. An oil filter wrench is available from a Yamaha dealer.
1. O-ring
1. Oil filter cartridge
7. Install the new oil filter cartridge with an
oil filter wrench, and then tighten it to the
specified torque with a torque wrench.
2. Oil filter wrench
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cartridge:
17 Nm (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
8-12
EE.book Page 13 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
9. Add the specified amount of recommended engine oil, and then reinstall the engine oil filler cap and tighten it. NOTICE:
Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any
parts after the engine and exhaust
system have cooled down.
1. Oil filter cartridge
Recommended engine oil:
See page 10-2.
Oil quantity:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
1.90 L (1.67 Imp qt, 2.01 US qt)
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
2.00 L (1.76 Imp qt, 2.11 US qt)
2. Torque wrench
8. Reinstall the engine oil drain bolt, and
then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
30 Nm (3.0 m·kgf, 22 ft·lbf)
8-13
EE.book Page 14 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
10. Start the engine, and then let it idle for
several minutes while checking it for oil
leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn
the engine off and check for the cause.
11. Turn the engine off, wait at least ten minutes, and then check the oil level and correct it if necessary.
12. Reinstall the console.
NOTICE
●
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage
(since the engine oil also lubricates the
clutch), do not mix any chemical additives with oil. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a
higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
1
2
1. “CD” specification
2. “ENERGY CONSERVING II”
8-14
EE.book Page 15 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00710
Final gear oil
3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole,
add sufficient oil of the recommended
type to raise it to the correct level.
NOTICE: Be sure no foreign material
enters the final gear case.
4. Reinstall the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Checking the final gear oil level
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then check
the oil level in the final gear case. The oil
level should be at the brim of the filler
hole.
1. Final gear oil filler bolt
3. Correct oil level
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
2. Final gear oil
8-15
EE.book Page 16 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Changing the final gear oil
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place a container under the final gear
case to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the oil filler bolt and the drain
bolt to drain the oil.
5. Add the recommended final gear oil up to
the brim of the filler hole. NOTICE: Be
sure no foreign material enters the final gear case.
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.25 L (0.22 Imp qt, 0.26 US qt)
6. Reinstall the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
7. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is
found, check for the cause.
1. Final gear oil drain bolt
4. Reinstall the drain bolt, and then tighten it
to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil drain bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
8-16
EE.book Page 17 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00721
Differential gear oil
3. Reinstall the differential gear oil filler bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Checking the differential gear oil level
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the differential gear oil filler bolt
and check the oil level. It should be up to
the brim of the filler hole. If the level is
low, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the specified level.
NOTICE: Be sure no foreign material
enters the differential gear case.
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
Changing the differential gear oil
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place a container under the differential
gear case to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the differential gear oil filler bolt
and differential gear oil drain bolt to drain
the oil.
1. Differential gear oil filler bolt
2. Correct oil level
3. Differential gear oil
8-17
EE.book Page 18 Friday, August 3, 2007 6:35 PM
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-5 Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.32 L (0.28 Imp qt, 0.34 US qt)
6. Reinstall the differential gear oil filler bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
1. Differential gear oil drain bolt
4. Reinstall the differential gear oil drain
bolt, and tighten it to the specified torque.
7. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is
found, check for the cause.
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil drain bolt:
9.8 Nm (0.98 m·kgf, 7.1 ft·lbf)
5. Fill the differential gear case with the recommended oil. NOTICE: Be sure no foreign material enters the differential
gear case.
8-18
EE.book Page 19 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00732
Coolant
The coolant level should be checked before
each ride.
Checking the coolant level
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Open the hood. (See pages 8-7–8-8 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
3. Check the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir when the engine is cold as the
coolant level varies with engine temperature. The coolant should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
1. Coolant reservoir cap
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
4. If the coolant is at or below the minimum
level mark, remove the reservoir cap,
add coolant to the maximum level mark,
reinstall the reservoir cap, and then close
the hood.
Coolant reservoir capacity
(up to the maximum level mark):
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
8-19
EE.book Page 20 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00740
Changing the coolant
The coolant must be changed by a Yamaha
dealer at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
Adding water instead of coolant lowers the
antifreeze content of the coolant. If water is
used instead of coolant, have a Yamaha dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant
as soon as possible.
The radiator fan is automatically switched on
or off according to the coolant temperature in
the radiator.
Axle boots
Check the protective boots for holes or tears.
If any damage is found, have them replaced
by a Yamaha dealer.
NOTICE
Mix antifreeze with distilled water only.
However, if distilled water is not available,
soft water may be used for refilling.
1. Front axle boot (× 2 each side)
If your vehicle overheats, see page 8-59 for
instructions.
8-20
EE.book Page 21 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5UG14001
Spark plug inspection
Removal
1. Lift the cargo bed up. (See pages 4-15–
4-16 for cargo bed lifting and lowering
procedures.)
2. Remove the spark plug cap.
1. Rear axle boot (× 2 each side)
1. Spark plug cap
3. Use the spark plug wrench in the tool kit
to remove the spark plug as shown.
8-21
EE.book Page 22 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Inspection
The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition of
the spark plug can indicate the condition of
the engine.
The ideal color of the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode is a medium-tolight tan for a vehicle that is being ridden normally.
You should periodically remove and inspect
the spark plug because heat and deposits will
cause the spark plug to slowly break down
and erode. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon and other deposits are
excessive, you should replace the spark plug
with the specified plug.
1. Spark plug wrench
Specified spark plug:
DPR8EA-9 (NGK)
8-22
EE.book Page 23 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Installation
1. Measure the electrode gap with a wire
thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust
the gap to specification.
3. Install the spark plug and tighten it to the
specified torque. If a torque wrench is not
available when you are installing the
spark plug, a good estimate of the correct
torque is one-quarter to one-half turn
past finger tight. Have the spark plug
tightened to the specified torque as soon
as possible.
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
17.5 Nm (1.75 m·kgf, 12.7 ft·lbf)
4. Install the spark plug cap.
5. Lower the cargo bed.
a. Spark plug gap
2. Clean the surface of the spark plug gasket and its mating surface, and then wipe
off any grime from the spark plug
threads.
8-23
EE.book Page 24 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5UG14002
Cleaning the air filter elements
2. Remove the air filter element from the air
intake duct grill by pulling it out as shown.
Cleaning the intake duct air filter element
1. Remove the air intake duct grill by removing the quick fastener screws.
1. Air filter element
2. Air intake duct grill
3. Remove any large particles from the air
filter element by hand.
4. Tap the air filter element to remove as
much dust and dirt as possible.
1. Quick fastener screw (× 4)
2. Air intake duct grill
8-24
EE.book Page 25 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5. Reinstall the air filter element into the air
intake duct grill.
6. Reinstall the air intake duct grill by installing the quick fastener screws.
Cleaning the engine air filter element
There is a check hose at the bottom of the air
filter case. If dust or water collects in this
hose, empty the hose and clean the air filter
element and air filter case.
1. Air filter case check hose
1. Remove the seats. (See page 4-13 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the console. (See page 8-9 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
8-25
EE.book Page 26 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
3. Remove the air filter case cover by unhooking the holders.
4. Remove the air filter element.
1. Air filter element
1. Air filter case cover holder (× 4)
2. Air filter case cover
8-26
EE.book Page 27 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5. Remove the sponge material from its
frame.
1. Air filter frame
3. Element retaining plate
6. Wash the sponge material gently but
thoroughly in parts cleaning solvent.
WARNING! Using gasoline or other
flammable solvents to clean the air filter element can cause a fire or explosion, which could lead to serious
injury.
7. Squeeze the excess solvent out of the
sponge material. NOTICE: Do not twist
the sponge material when squeezing
it.
2. Sponge material
8-27
EE.book Page 28 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
8. Wash the sponge material in warm soapy
water to remove remaining solvent, then
rinse thoroughly with plain warm water.
9. Squeeze excess water out of the sponge
material. NOTICE: Do not twist the
sponge material when squeezing it.
10. Allow the sponge material to dry thoroughly. Inspect the sponge material and
replace it if damaged.
11. Thoroughly apply Yamaha foam air filter
oil or other quality liquid foam air filter oil
(not spray type) to the sponge material.
The sponge material should be wet but
not dripping.
12. Pull the sponge material over its frame.
13. Reinstall the air filter element.
14. Reinstall the air filter case cover and be
sure the crankcase breather hose is connected.
1. Crankcase breather hose
15. Install the console.
16. Install the seats.
8-28
EE.book Page 29 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
2P512001
The air filter element should be cleaned every
20–40 hours. It should be cleaned and lubricated more often if the vehicle is operated in
extremely dusty areas. Each time air filter element maintenance is performed, check the air
inlet to the air filter case for obstructions.
Check the air filter element rubber joint to the
carburetor and manifold fittings for an airtight
seal. Tighten all fittings securely to avoid the
possibility of unfiltered air entering the engine.
Drive select lever box check hose
The drive select lever box check hose is located under the console. (See page 8-9 for console removal and installation procedures.) If
dust or water collects in the drive select lever
box check hose, remove the hose and clean
it.
NOTICE
Never operate the engine with the air filter
element removed. This will allow unfiltered
air to enter, causing rapid engine wear and
possible engine damage. Additionally, operation without the air filter element will affect carburetor jetting with subsequent
poor performance and possible engine
overheating.
1. Drive select lever box check hose
8-29
EE.book Page 30 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5UG14003
EVU00780
V-belt cooling duct check hose
The V-belt cooling duct check hose is located
under the driver seat. (See page 4-13 for seat
removal and installation procedures.) If dust
or water collects in the V-belt cooling duct
check hose, remove the hose and clean it.
V-belt case drain plug
The V-belt case drain plug is located under
the driver seat. (See page 4-13 for seat removal and installation procedures.)
After riding in water deep enough to allow water to enter the V-belt case, remove the drain
plug to drain any water from the case.
If water drains from the V-belt case after removing the drain plug, have a Yamaha dealer
inspect the vehicle, as the water may affect
other engine parts.
1. V-belt cooling duct check hose
1. V-belt case drain plug
8-30
EE.book Page 31 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00792
Cleaning the spark arrester
2. Remove the tailpipe by pulling it out of
the muffler.
3. Tap the tailpipe lightly, and then use a
wire brush to remove any carbon deposits from the spark arrester portion of the
tailpipe and inside of the tailpipe housing.
WARNING
Hot exhaust system may cause burns. To
avoid burns or fires, make sure that the engine is stopped and the exhaust system is
cool before cleaning spark arrester. Do not
start the engine while cleaning the exhaust
system.
1. Remove the bolts.
1. Tailpipe
2. Spark arrester
4. Insert the tailpipe into the muffler and
align the bolt holes.
5. Install the tailpipe by installing the bolts,
and then tighten the bolts to the specified
torque.
1. Bolt (× 3)
8-31
EE.book Page 32 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00800
Carburetor adjustment
The carburetor is a vital part of the engine and
requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most
adjusting should be left to a Yamaha dealer
who has the professional knowledge and experience to do so. However, the idling speed
adjustment may be performed by the owner
as a part of the usual maintenance routine.
Tightening torque:
Tailpipe bolt:
9.5 Nm (0.95 m·kgf, 6.9 ft·lbf)
NOTICE
The carburetor was set at the Yamaha factory after many tests. If the settings are
disturbed by someone without sufficient
technical knowledge, poor engine performance and damage may result.
8-32
EE.book Page 33 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00810
Idle speed adjustment
A diagnostic tachometer must be used for this
procedure.
1. Start the engine and warm it up for a few
minutes at approximately 1,000 to
2,000 r/min. Occasionally rev the engine
to 4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The engine is
warm when it responds quickly to the
throttle with the choke off.
2. Remove the seats. (See page 4-13 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
3. Remove the console. (See page 8-9 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
4. Connect the tachometer to the spark plug
lead, and then set the idle to the specified
idling speed by adjusting the throttle stop
screw. Turn the screw in direction a to
increase the engine speed, and in direction b to decrease the engine speed.
Specified idle speed:
1,450–1,550 r/min
1. Throttle stop screw
5. Reinstall the console.
6. Reinstall the seats.
8-33
EE.book Page 34 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Valve clearance
The correct valve clearance changes with
use, resulting in improper fuel/air supply or
engine noise. To prevent this, the valve clearance must be adjusted regularly. This adjustment however, should be left to a professional
Yamaha service technician.
Brakes
Replacement of brake components requires
professional knowledge. Brake service should
be performed by a Yamaha dealer.
WARNING
Operating with improperly serviced or adjusted brakes could lead to a loss in braking ability and an accident.
EVU00830
Front brake pad check
Each brake pad is provided with wear indicator grooves, which allow you to check the
brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the brake pad wear,
check the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a
Yamaha dealer replace the brake pads as a
set.
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EE.book Page 35 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00840
The wheels need to be removed to check the
brake pads. (See pages 8-42–8-45 for wheel
removal and installation procedures.)
Rear brake pad check
Each brake pad is provided with wear indicator grooves, which allow you to check the
brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the brake pad wear,
check the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a
Yamaha dealer replace the brake pads as a
set.
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
8-35
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EVU00850
Checking the brake fluid level
The brake fluid reservoir is located under the
hood. (See pages 8-7–8-8 for hood opening
and closing procedures.)
Observe these precautions:
● When checking the fluid level, make sure
the top of the brake fluid reservoir is level.
● Use only the recommended quality brake
fluid. Otherwise, the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor braking
performance.
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
1. Minimum level mark
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to enter
the brake system, possibly causing the
brakes to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid is
above the minimum level mark and replenish,
if necessary. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads and/or brake system
leakage. If the brake fluid level is low, be sure
to check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage.
●
●
8-36
Refill with the same type of brake fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a harmful chemical
reaction and lead to poor braking performance.
Be careful that water does not enter the
brake fluid reservoir when refilling. Water
will significantly lower the boiling point of
the fluid and may result in vapor lock.
EE.book Page 37 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01220
●
●
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled
fluid immediately.
Have a Yamaha dealer inspect the brake
system if the brake fluid level goes down.
Checking the brake pedal
Have a Yamaha dealer check the brakes at
the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. There should be
no free play in the brake pedal. The brakes
should operate smoothly and there should be
no brake drag. If the brakes feel soft or
spongy, this could indicate air in the brake
system. Have a Yamaha dealer check the
brake system if necessary.
EVU00860
Brake fluid replacement
Complete fluid replacement should be done
only by trained Yamaha service personnel.
Have a Yamaha dealer replace the following
components during periodic maintenance or
when they are damaged or leaking.
● Replace the oil seals every two years.
● Replace the brake hoses every four years.
1. Brake pedal
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EVU00870
Parking brake lever free play adjustment
Periodically check the parking brake lever free
play and adjust it if necessary.
1. Shift the drive select lever into low gear
“L”.
2. Remove the seats. (See page 4-13 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
3. Remove the console. (See page 8-9 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
4. Check the parking brake lever free play.
The maximum free play is equal to one
click of the parking brake lever. If necessary, adjust the free play as follows.
a. Parking brake lever free play
5. The parking brake lever must be released when checking and adjusting the
parking brake lever free play.
6. Loosen the locknut.
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EVU00880
1. Locknut
Brake light switch adjustment
The brake light switch, which is activated by
the brake pedal, is properly adjusted when the
brake light comes on just before braking takes
effect. If necessary, adjust the brake light
switch as follows.
1. Open the hood. (See pages 8-7–8-8 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
2. Turn the adjusting nut while holding the
brake light switch in place. To make the
brake light come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To make the
brake light come on later, turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
3. Close the hood.
2. Adjusting nut
7. Turn the adjusting nut in direction a to
increase the free play or in direction b to
decrease the free play.
8. Tighten the locknut.
9. Reinstall the console.
10. Reinstall the seats.
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EVU00890
Cable inspection and lubrication
WARNING
Damaged cables could restrict operation,
which may cause an accident or injury. Inspect control cables frequently and replace damaged cables. Corrosion can
result when the outer covering of control
cables becomes damaged. Cables can
also become frayed or kinked.
1. Brake light switch
2. Adjusting nut
Lubricate the cable ends. If the cables do not
operate smoothly, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace them.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
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EE.book Page 41 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00900
EVU00910
Brake pedal and accelerator pedal
lubrication
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Rear knuckle upper and lower pivot
lubrication
Lubricate the knuckle upper and lower pivots
with a grease gun.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
8-41
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EVU00920
EVU00930
Steering shaft lubrication
Lubricate the pivot points.
Wheel removal
1. Loosen the wheel nuts.
2. Elevate the vehicle and place a suitable
stand under the frame.
3. Remove the nuts from the wheel.
4. Remove the wheel.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
1. Nut (× 4)
8-42
EE.book Page 43 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Tire replacement
Always use the same size and type of tires
recommended in this owner’s manual. The
tires that came with your Rhino were designed to match the performance capabilities
and to provide the best combination of handling, braking, and comfort. It is best to replace all four tires at the same time. If that is
not possible, you must replace the tires in
pairs (front or rear) with tires of the same size
and type as the originals. Never replace just
one tire.
The tires listed below have been approved by
Yamaha Motor Manufacturing Corporation of
America for this model.
Manufacturer
WARNING
Installing improper tires on your Rhino
can affect handling and stability. This can
cause a loss of control.
8-43
Size
Type
Front
MAXXIS
25 × 8-12NHS
M951Y
Rear
MAXXIS
25 × 10-12NHS
M952Y
EE.book Page 44 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00940
Wheel installation
1. Install the wheel and the nuts.
● The arrow mark
on the tire must
point toward the rotating direction of
the wheel.
● Tapered nuts are used for both the
front and rear wheels. Install the nut
with its tapered side towards the
wheel.
2. Lower the vehicle so that the wheel is on
the ground.
3. Tighten the wheel nuts to the specified
torque.
1. Arrow mark
WARNING
Do not reverse the rims on the Rhino to
widen the track width. Installing wheels
improperly increases the risk of wheel failure and accidents.
1. Tapered nut
8-44
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EVU00950
Battery
This vehicle is equipped with a sealed-type
battery. Therefore it is not necessary to check
the electrolyte or add distilled water in the battery.
If the battery seems to have discharged, consult a Yamaha dealer.
Wheel nut torque:
Front: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf)
Rear: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf)
NOTICE
Do not try to remove the sealing caps of
the battery cells. You may damage the battery.
8-45
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EVU00960
Battery maintenance
1. If the vehicle will not be used for a month
or longer, remove the battery and store it
in a cool, dark place. Completely recharge the battery before reinstallation.
WARNING
Avoid battery contact with skin, eyes, or
clothing. Shield eyes when working near
batteries. Keep out of reach of children.
You could be poisoned or severely burned
by the sulfuric acid in battery electrolyte.
In case of accidental contact with battery
electrolyte:
EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water
or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia,
beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Get prompt
medical attention.
EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes and
get prompt medical attention.
NOTICE
_
A special battery charger (constant voltage/ampere or constant voltage) is required for recharging a sealed-type
battery. Using a conventional battery
charger may shorten the battery life.
_
2. Always make sure the connections are
correct when putting the battery back in
the vehicle.
WARNING
Batteries may produce explosive gases.
Ventilate when charging or using in a
closed space. Keep batteries away from
sparks, flames, cigarettes, or other sources of ignition.
8-46
EE.book Page 47 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Jump-starting
Jump-starting the vehicle should be avoided.
The battery should be removed and charged
instead.
WARNING
To avoid battery explosion and/or serious
damage to the electrical system:
● Do not connect the negative lead of
the jumper cable to the negative terminal of the battery
● Do not touch the positive lead of the
jumper cable to the negative lead.
● Do not reverse the polarity of the
jumper cables when connecting to the
batteries.
1. Negative battery lead (black)
2. Positive battery lead (red)
8-47
EE.book Page 48 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
However, if the vehicle must be jump-started,
proceed as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF”.
2. Open the hood. (See pages 8-7–8-8 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
3. Remove the battery compartment cover.
4. Using a charged 12-volt battery, connect
the positive lead of the jumper cable to
the positive terminal of the battery in the
vehicle and the other end of the positive
lead to the positive terminal of the
charged battery.
1. Jumper cable positive lead
2. Jumper cable negative lead
5. Connect the negative lead of the jumper
cable to the negative terminal of the
charged battery and the other end of the
negative lead to an unpainted metal surface of the vehicle to be started.
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EVU00970
6. Start the engine. (Refer to “Starting a
cold engine” on pages 6-2–6-5.)
7. After the engine starts, disconnect the
negative lead of the jumper cable from
the vehicle and charged battery, and
then disconnect the positive lead of the
jumper cable from the charged battery
and the battery in the vehicle.
8. Reinstall the battery compartment cover.
9. Close the hood.
Fuse replacement
The main fuse and the fuse box are located
under the hood. (See pages 8-7–8-8 for hood
opening and closing procedures.)
If a fuse is blown, turn off the main switch and
install a new fuse of the specified amperage.
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the battery compartment cover
by lifting it up and pulling it out.
1. Battery compartment cover
8-49
EE.book Page 50 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off the electrical circuit in question.
NOTICE
To prevent accidental short-circuiting,
turn off the main switch when checking or
replacing a fuse.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then install
a new fuse of the specified amperage.
WARNING! Always use a fuse of the
specified amperage. Never use any
material in place of the proper fuse.
Using an improper fuse can cause
damage to the electrical system and
may lead to a fire.
1.
3.
5.
7.
8.
9.
8-50
Main fuse
2. Spare main fuse
Headlight fuse
4. Ignition fuse
Auxiliary DC jack fuse
6. Four-wheel-drive motor fuse
Signaling system fuse
Backup fuse (for odometer and clock)
Carburetor warmer fuse 10. Spare fuse (× 3)
EE.book Page 51 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01670
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
Headlight fuse:
Ignition fuse:
Auxiliary DC jack fuse:
Signaling system fuse:
Carburetor warmer fuse:
Four-wheel-drive motor
fuse:
Backup fuse:
Replacing a headlight bulb
If a headlight bulb burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Lift the hood up. (See pages 8-7–8-8 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
2. Remove the cover at the rear of the
headlight by pulling it off.
30.0 A
15.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
3.0 A
10.0 A
3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on the
electrical circuit in question to check if the
device operates.
4. If the fuse blows again immediately, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
system.
5. Reinstall the battery compartment cover.
6. Close the hood.
1. Cover at the rear of the headlight
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EE.book Page 52 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
3. Remove the headlight bulb holder cover
by pulling it off.
4. Remove the headlight bulb holder by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
1. Headlight bulb holder cover
1. Headlight bulb holder
8-52
EE.book Page 53 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
5. Wait for the headlight bulb to cool before
touching or removing it. Remove the bulb
by pulling it out.
6. Insert a new headlight bulb into the bulb
holder by pushing it in.
7. Reinstall the bulb holder by pushing it in
and turning it clockwise.
Reinstall the bulb holder cover and the
cover at the rear of the headlight.
NOTICE: Make sure the headlight bulb
holder cover is securely fitted over the
bulb holder and seated properly.
8. Close the hood.
9. Adjust the headlight beam if necessary.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
8-53
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EVU00990
EVU01000
Headlight beam adjustment
Tail/brake light bulb replacement
If a tail/brake light bulb burns out, replace it as
follows:
1. Remove the quick fastener screws and
bolts from panel A (if replacing the left
tail/brake light bulb) or panel B (if replacing the right tail/brake light bulb).
NOTICE
It is advisable to have a Yamaha dealer
make this adjustment.
To raise the beam, turn the adjusting screw in
direction a.
To lower the beam, turn the adjusting screw in
direction b.
1. Panel A
1. Headlight beam adjusting screw
8-54
EE.book Page 55 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
2. Lift the cargo bed up. (See page 4-16 for
cargo bed lifting and lowering procedures.)
3. Remove the panel.
4. Remove the bulb holder (together with
the bulb) by turning it counterclockwise.
1. Panel B
1. Tail/brake light bulb holder
1. Quick fastener screw (× 8)
3. Panel A
5. Push the defective bulb in and turn it
counterclockwise to remove it from the
bulb holder.
6. Push a new bulb in and turn it clockwise
to install in the bulb holder.
2. Bolt (× 2)
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EE.book Page 56 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01010
7. Reinstall the bulb holder (together with
the bulb) by turning it clockwise.
8. Install the panel.
9. Lower the cargo bed.
10. Reinstall the quick fastener screws and
bolts, and then tighten the bolts to the
specified torque.
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha vehicles receive an inspection before shipment from the factory, trouble
may occur during operation. Any problem in
the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can
cause poor starting and loss of power. The
troubleshooting chart describes a quick, easy
procedure for making checks. If your vehicle
requires any repair, take it to a Yamaha dealer.
The skilled technicians at a Yamaha dealership have the tools, experience, and knowhow to properly service your vehicle. Use only
genuine Yamaha parts on your vehicle. Imitation parts may look like Yamaha parts, but
they are often inferior. Consequently, they
have a shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills.
Tightening torque:
Panel bolt:
6.5 Nm (0.65 m·kgf, 4.7 ft·lbf)
8-56
EE.book Page 57 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do not
smoke and make sure there are no open
flames or sparks in the area, including pilot lights from water heaters or furnaces.
Gasoline or gasoline vapors can ignite or
explode, causing severe injury or property
damage.
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EVU01020
Troubleshooting charts
Starting problems or poor engine performance
1. Fuel
There is fuel.
Remove the fuel hose
from the fuel pump.
No fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check the
fuel flow.
No fuel.
Fuel pump is
clogged.
Check if there is fuel
in the fuel tank.
2. Compression
Use the electric
starter to see if
there is compression.
3. Ignition
There is compression.
Compression normal.
No compression.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Wet
Wipe clean with dry cloth.
Spark is good.
Remove the
spark plug and
check the electrodes.
Dry
4. Battery
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Restart the engine.
Attach spark plug cap and
ground to chassis.
Use the
electric starter.
Spark is weak.
No spark.
Engine turns over
quickly.
Battery is good.
Engine turns over
slowly.
Check the connections,
recharge.
Ignition system is
normal.
Adjust the spark plug gap
or replace the spark plug.
Use the electric starter.
8-58
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
EE.book Page 59 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Engine overheating
Wait for the engine to cool before removing the radiator cap. WARNING! If the engine is not
cool when removing the radiator cap, hot fluid and steam could blow out under pressure
and burn you. Place a thick rag over the cap and remove the cap slowly to allow any remaining
pressure to escape.
Leakage.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect
and repair the cooling system.
No
leakage.
Add coolant. (See the text below.)
Level is low, check the
cooling system for leakage.
Wait until the
engine has cooled.
Check the coolant level in the
coolant reservoir and/or radiator.
Level is OK.
Restart the engine. If the engine overheats again, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect and/or repair the cooling system.
If it is difficult to get the recommended coolant, tap water can be used temporarily, provided that
it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.
8-59
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EVU01030
CLEANING AND STORAGE
3. Rinse the dirt and degreaser off with a
garden hose. Use only enough pressure
to do the job. WARNING! Test the
brakes after washing. Apply the
brakes several times at slow speeds
to let friction dry out the linings. Wet
brakes may have reduced stopping
ability, increasing the chance of an accident. NOTICE: Excessive water
pressure may cause water seepage
and deterioration of wheel bearings,
brakes, transmission seals and electrical devices. Many expensive repair
bills have resulted from improper
high-pressure detergent applications,
such as those available in coin-operated car washers.
1-
A. Cleaning
Frequent, thorough cleaning of your vehicle
will not only enhance its appearance but will
improve its general performance and extend
the useful life of many components.
1. Before cleaning the vehicle:
a. Block off the end of the exhaust pipe
to prevent water entry. A plastic bag
and strong rubber band may be used.
b. Make sure the spark plug and all filler
caps are properly installed.
2. If the engine case is excessively greasy,
apply degreaser with a paint brush. Do
not apply degreaser to the wheel axles.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
9-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01041
4. Once the majority of the dirt has been
hosed off, wash all surfaces with warm
water and mild, detergent-type soap. An
old toothbrush or bottle brush is handy for
hard-to-get-at places.
5. Rinse the vehicle off immediately with
clean water and dry all surfaces with a
clean chamois towel or soft, absorbent
cloth.
6. Clean the seats with a vinyl upholstery
cleaner to keep the covers pliable and
glossy.
7. Automotive-type wax may be applied to
all painted and chrome-plated surfaces.
Avoid combination cleaner-waxes. Many
contain abrasives which may scratch the
paint or protective finish. When finished,
start the engine and let it idle for several
minutes.
B. Storage
Long term storage (60 days or more) of your
vehicle will require some preventive procedures to guard against deterioration. Make
any necessary repairs before storing the vehicle.
After thoroughly cleaning the vehicle, prepare
for storage as follows:
1. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add
the specified amount of Yamaha Fuel
Stabilizer and Conditioner or equivalent
product. Operate the vehicle for at least
5 minutes to distribute treated fuel
through the fuel system.
2. Drain the fuel from the carburetor float
chamber into a clean container by loosening the drain bolt; this will help prevent
fuel deposits from building up. Pour the
drained fuel into the fuel tank.
Specified amount:
1 oz of stabilizer to each gallon of fuel (or
7.5 ml of stabilizer to each liter of fuel)
9-2
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
3. Remove the spark plug, pour about one
tablespoon of SAE 10W-40 or 20W-50
motor oil in the spark plug hole and reinstall the spark plug. Ground the spark
plug wire and turn the engine over several times to coat the cylinder wall with oil.
4. Lubricate all control cables.
5. Block up the frame to raise all wheels off
the ground.
6. Tie a plastic bag over the exhaust pipe
outlet to prevent moisture from entering.
7. If storing in a humid or salt-air atmosphere, coat all exposed metal surfaces
with a light film of oil. Do not apply oil to
any rubber parts or the seat covers.
8. Remove the battery and charge it. Store
it in a dry place and recharge it once a
month. Do not store the battery in an excessively warm or cold place [less than
0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30 °C (90 °F)].
Use of fuel stabilizer and conditioner eliminates the need to drain the fuel system. Consult a Yamaha dealer if the fuel system needs
to be drained.
9-3
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EVU01050
SPECIFICATIONS
1-
Model
YXR66FW
Dimensions:
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Seat height
Wheelbase
Ground clearance
Minimum turning radius
Basic weight:
With oil and full fuel tank
Engine:
Engine type
Cylinder arrangement
Displacement
Bore × stroke
Compression ratio
Starting system
Lubrication system
2,885 mm (113.6 in)
1,385 mm (54.5 in)
1,853 mm (73.0 in)
818 mm (32.2 in)
1,910 mm (75.2 in)
280 mm (11.0 in)
3,900 mm (154 in)
514.0 kg (1,133 lb)
Liquid cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Forward-inclined single cylinder
660.0 cm3
100.0 × 84.0 mm (3.94 × 3.31 in)
9.10:1
Electric starter
Wet sump
10-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Model
YXR66FW
1
Engine oil:
Type:
0
10
30
50
70
90
110
130 ˚F
2
3
YAMALUBE 4 (20W-50) or SAE 20W-50
YAMALUBE 4 (10W-40) or SAE 10W-40
4
5
YAMALUBE 4-CW (5W-30) or SAE 5W-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50 ˚C
6
7
Recommended engine oil classification
API service SG type or higher, JASO standard MA
8
NOTICE
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any
chemical additives with oil. Do not use oils with a
diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher.
Quantity:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement
With oil filter cartridge replacement
1.90 L (1.67 Imp qt, 2.01 US qt)
2.00 L (1.76 Imp qt, 2.11 US qt)
10-2
9
10
11
12
13
14
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Model
YXR66FW
Final gear case oil:
Type
Quantity
Differential gear case oil:
Type
Quantity
Radiator capacity (including all routes):
Air filter:
Engine
Intake duct
Fuel:
Type
Fuel tank capacity
Carburetor:
Type/quantity
Manufacturer
Spark plug:
Type/manufacturer
Spark plug gap
Clutch type:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
0.25 L (0.22 Imp qt, 0.26 US qt)
SAE 80 API GL-5 Hypoid gear oil
0.32 L (0.28 Imp qt, 0.34 US qt)
2.50 L (2.20 Imp qt, 2.64 US qt)
Wet element
Dry element
Unleaded gasoline only
30.0 L (6.60 lmp gal, 7.93 US gal)
BSR42/1
MIKUNI
DPR8EA-9/NGK
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
Wet, centrifugal automatic
10-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Model
Transmission:
Primary reduction system
Secondary reduction system
Secondary reduction ratio
Transmission type
Operation
Reverse gear
Sub transmission ratio
Chassis:
Frame type
Caster angle
Trail
Tire:
Type
Size
YXR66FW
V-belt
Shaft drive
41/21 × 24/18 × 33/9 (9.544)
V-belt automatic
Right hand operation
25/17 (1.471)
35/17 (2.058)
28/19 (1.473)
low
high
Steel tube frame
5.0°
26.0 mm (1.02 in)
Tubeless
25 × 8-12NHS
25 × 10-12NHS
front
rear
10-4
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Model
Brakes:
System
Type
YXR66FW
Front and rear unified
Dual disc brake
Single disc brake
Foot operation
front
rear
Operation
Suspension:
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Shock absorber:
Front shock absorber
Rear shock absorber
Wheel travel:
Front wheel travel
Rear wheel travel
Electrical:
Ignition system
Generator system
Battery type
Battery capacity
Headlight type:
Double wishbone
Double wishbone
Coil spring/oil damper
Coil spring/oil damper
185 mm (7.3 in)
185 mm (7.3 in)
DC CDI
AC magneto
U1L-11
12 V 28.0 Ah
Krypton bulb
10-5
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
Model
YXR66FW
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight
Tail/brake light
Indicator lights:
Neutral indicator light
Reverse indicator light
Coolant temperature warning light
Parking brake indicator light
On-Command four-wheel-drive/differential gear
lock indicator
On-Command differential gear lock indicator light
High-range indicator light
Low-range indicator light
Specified fuses:
Main fuse
Headlight fuse
Ignition fuse
Auxiliary DC jack fuse
Four-wheel-drive motor fuse
Carburetor warmer fuse
Signaling system fuse
Backup fuse
12 V 30.0 W/30.0 W × 2
12 V 5.0 W/21.0 W × 2
LED
LED
LED
LED
LCD
LED
LED
LED
30.0 A
15.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
3.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10-6
EE.book Page 1 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1-
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
EVU00090
Identification number records
Record the key identification number, vehicle
identification number, and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference, in case the vehicle is
stolen.
ACA-02E
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
ACA-02E
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
ACA-01E
11-1
EE.book Page 2 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00100
EVU00110
Key identification number
The key identification number is stamped on
the key, as shown in the following illustration.
This number can be used for ordering a new
key.
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is stamped
into the frame.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1. Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is used to
identify your vehicle.
1. Key identification number
10
11
12
13
14
11-2
EE.book Page 3 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU00121
Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame under
the driver seat. Record the information on this
label in the space provided. This information
will be needed to order spare parts from your
Yamaha dealer.
1. Model label
11-3
EE.book Page 4 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01060
NOISE REGULATION
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior
to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after
such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED
BELOW.”
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer
Intake system
Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct
11-4
EE.book Page 5 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01070
MAINTENANCE RECORD
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts you purchase and install will be required to document maintenance done in accordance with the warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder to you that the maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance
work.
MAINTENANCE
INTERVAL
month
km (mi)
hours
1
320 (200)
20
3
1,200 (750)
75
6
2,400 (1,500)
150
12
4,800 (3,000)
300
18
7,200 (4,500)
450
24
9,600 (6,000)
600
30
12,000 (7,500)
750
36
14,400 (9,000)
900
42
16,800 (10,500) 1,050
48
19,200 (12,000) 1,200
54
21,600 (13,500) 1,350
60
24,000 (15,000) 1,500
DATE OF
SERVICE
MILEAGE
11-5
SERVICING DEALER
NAME AND ADDRESS
REMARKS
EE.book Page 6 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01081
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. SIDE × SIDE VEHICLE LIMITED WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. hereby warrants
that new Yamaha Side × Side vehicles purchased
from an authorized Yamaha Side × Side Vehicle
dealer in the continental United States will be free
from defects in material and workmanship for the
period of time stated herein, subject to certain stated
limitations.
THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY for YXR OR YXP
Yamaha Side × Side vehicles shall be six (6) months
from the date of purchase, with no mileage limitation.
MODELS EXCLUDED FROM WARRANTY include
those used for non-Yamaha-authorized renting,
leasing, or other commercial purposes.
DURING THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY any
authorized Yamaha Side × Side Vehicle dealer will for
free of charge, repair or replace, at Yamaha’s option,
any part adjudged defective by Yamaha due to faulty
workmanship or material from the factory. Parts used
in warranty repairs will be warranted for the balance
of the product’s warranty period. All parts replaced
under warranty become property of Yamaha Motor
Corporation, U.S.A.
GENERAL EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include any failures caused by:
a. Competition or racing use.
b. Installation of parts or accessories that are not
qualitatively equivalent to genuine Yamaha parts.
c. Abnormal strain, neglect, or abuse.
d. Lack of proper maintenance.
e. Accident or collision damage.
f. Modification to original parts.
g. Damage due to improper transportation.
SPECIFIC EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include parts replaced due to normal wear or routine
maintenance; such as spark plugs, oil, oil filter, air
filter, and brake pads.
THE CUSTOMER’S RESPONSIBILITY under this
warranty shall be to:
1. Operate and maintain the Side × Side vehicle as
specified in the appropriate Owner’s Manual, and
2. Give notice to an authorized Yamaha Side × Side
Vehicle dealer of any and all apparent defects
within ten (10) days after discovery, and make the
machine available at that time for inspection and
repairs at such dealer’s place of business.
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. MAKES
NO OTHER WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH EXCEED THE
OBLIGATIONS AND TIME LIMITS STATED IN THIS
WARRANTY ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED BY
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. AND
EXCLUDED FROM THIS WARRANTY.
WARRANTY TRANSFER: To transfer the warranty
from the original purchaser to any subsequent
purchaser(s), it is imperative that the Side × Side
vehicle be inspected and registered for warranty by
an authorized Yamaha Side × Side Vehicle dealer. In
order for this warranty to remain in effect, this
inspection and registration must take place within ten
(10) days after transfer of ownership to the
subsequent purchaser. A reasonable dealer-imposed
fee may be charged for this inspection.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON
HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO
THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
ALSO EXCLUDED FROM THIS WARRANTY ARE
ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
INCLUDING LOSS OF USE. SOME STATES DO
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO
THE ABOVE EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL
RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER
RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. also warrants to
the ultimate purchaser and each subsequent
purchaser of each 2006 and later model Yamaha Side
× Side vehicle covered by this warranty that the
vehicle is designed, built, and equipped so as to
conform at the time of sale with all U.S. emissions
standards applicable at the time of manufacture and
that it is free from defects in materials and
workmanship which would cause it not to meet these
standards within the period listed immediately below.
Failures other than those resulting from defects in
material or workmanship which arise solely as a
result of owner abuse and/or lack of proper
maintenance
are
not
covered
by
this
warranty.
ALL MODELS
Thirty (30) months from the original purchase date
11-6
EE.book Page 7 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
EVU01090
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
11-7
EE.book Page 8 Friday, August 3, 2007 4:52 PM
11-8
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YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED IN USA
2007.08-1.3×1 CR
(E)
DIC2342