Ezgo TE5 Owner`s manual

28641-G01
English
OWNER’S MANUAL
AND SERVICE GUIDE
ELECTRIC POWERED
PERSONNEL CARRIERS
AND GOLF CAR
STARTING MODEL YEAR: 2001
SAFETY
Read and understand all labels located on the vehicle. For any questions on any of the information, contact an E-Z-GO
representative for clarification.
Always replace any damaged or missing labels.
On steep hills it is possible for vehicles to coast at greater than normal speeds encountered on a flat surface. To prevent loss of vehicle control and possible serious injury, speeds should be limited to no more than the maximum speed
on level ground. (See vehicle specification.) Limit speed by applying the service brake.
Catastrophic damage to the drive train components due to excessive speed may result from driving the vehicle above
specified speed. Damage caused by excessive speed may cause a loss of vehicle control, is costly, is considered
abuse and will not be covered under warranty.
If the vehicle is to be used in a commercial environment, signs similar to the ones illustrated should be used to warn of
situations that could result in an unsafe condition.
BATTERY WARNING
Battery posts,
terminals and related
accessories contain
lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known
to cause cancer and
reproductive harm.
BATTERIES
CONTAIN LEAD
AND RELATED PARTS
WASH HANDS
AFTER HANDLING!
WASH HANDS
AFTER HANDLING!
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Be sure that this manual remains as part of the permanent service record should the vehicle be resold.
NOTES, CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS
Throughout this guide NOTE, CAUTION and WARNING
will be used.
A NOTE indicates a condition that should be
observed.
A CAUTION indicates a condition that
may result in damage to the vehicle.
!
!
A WARNING indicates a
hazardous condition that
could result in severe
Please observe these NOTES, CAUTIONS and WARNINGS; be aware that servicing a vehicle requires
mechanical skill and a regard for conditions that could be
hazardous. Improper service or repair may damage the
vehicle or render it unsafe.
Battery posts, terminals
and related accessories
contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash hands after handling.
!
!
injury or death.
(NOTES, CAUTIONS AND WARNINGS CONTINUED ON INSIDE OF BACK COVER)
OWNER’S MANUAL AND
SERVICE GUIDE
ELECTRIC POWERED
CARGO, PERSONNEL CARRIER
AND GOLF CARS
VEHICLES
Shuttle 4
Shuttle 6
TE5
TE5 PDS
E-Z-GO Division of Textron reserves the right to make design changes without obligation to make these changes on units previously sold and the information
contained in this manual is subject to change without notice.
E-Z-GO Division of Textron is not liable for errors in this manual or for incidental or consequential damages that result from the use of the material in this manual.
CUSTOMER SERVICE DEPARTMENT IN USA PHONE: 1-800-241-5855 FAX: 1-800-448-8124
OUTSIDE USA PHONE: 010-1-706-798-4311 FAX: 010-1-706-771-4609
E-Z-GO DIVISION OF TEXTRON, INC., P.O.BOX 388, AUGUSTA, GEORGIA USA 30903-0388
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page i
NOTES
To obtain a copy of the limited warranty applicable to the vehicle, call or write a local
distributor, E-Z-GO Branch or E-Z-GO Warranty Department with vehicle serial number and
manufacturer code.
The use of non E-Z-GO parts may void the warranty.
Overfilling batteries may void the warranty.
BATTERY PROLONGED STORAGE
All batteries will self discharge over time. The rate of self discharge varies depending on the
ambient temperature and the age and condition of the batteries.
A fully charged battery will not freeze in winter temperatures unless the temperature falls
below -75° F (-60° C).
For winter storage, the batteries must be clean, fully charged and disconnected from any
source of electrical drain, such as the battery charger. Disconnect the battery charger cable
from the vehicle batteries when not charging.
As with all electric vehicles, the batteries must be checked and recharged as required or at a
minimum of 30 day intervals.
Refer to the ‘Prolonged Storage’ section within the BATTERIES AND CHARGING section of
this manual.
Page ii
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY ................................................................................................................... Inside covers
NOTES .........................................................................................................................................ii
SAFETY INFORMATION............................................................................................................. v
BEFORE INITIAL USE ............................................................................................................... 1
Fig. 1 Initial Service Chart ...................................................................................................................... 1
Preparation of Seats for Service .......................................................................................................................... 1
Charger Installation .............................................................................................................................................. 1
Fig. 2 Charger Installation ...................................................................................................................... 2
Fig. 3 Charger Receptacle ..................................................................................................................... 2
SERIAL NUMBER PLATE LOCATION ...................................................................................... 2
Fig. 4 Serial Number Plate Location ......................................................................................................2
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ................................................................................................ 2
Key/Light Switch ..................................................................................................................................................2
Fig. 5 Key/Light Switch .......................................................................................................................... 3
Accelerator Pedal ................................................................................................................................................3
Fig. 6 Accelerator and Brake Controls ................................................................................................... 3
Service Brake Pedal ............................................................................................................................................ 3
Parking Brake ...................................................................................................................................................... 3
Direction Selector ................................................................................................................................................3
Fig. 7 Direction Selector ........................................................................................................................ 3
Horn .....................................................................................................................................................................4
Fig. 8 Horn Button .................................................................................................................................. 4
State of Charge Meter ......................................................................................................................................... 4
Run - Tow/Maintenance Switch (on PDS vehicles only) ...................................................................................... 4
Fig. 9 Run-Tow/Maintenance Switch ..................................................................................................... 4
Controller Diagnostics (PDS vehicles only) ......................................................................................................... 5
BEFORE ENTERING VEHICLE ................................................................................................. 5
OPERATING THE VEHICLE ...................................................................................................... 5
Additional Warnings and Cautions (applicable to PDS vehicles) ......................................................................... 6
STARTING VEHICLE ON A HILL .............................................................................................. 6
General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6
PDS Vehicle ......................................................................................................................................................... 6
Non PDS Vehicle (with hand operated park brake) ............................................................................................. 6
Non PDS Vehicle (with foot operated park brake) ............................................................................................... 6
Anti-Stall Feature (PDS Vehicle) .........................................................................................................................7
COASTING ................................................................................................................................. 7
Vehicle with PDS ................................................................................................................................................. 7
Vehicle without PDS ............................................................................................................................................ 7
SERVICING THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE .................................................................................... 7
DIRECTION SELECTOR ADJUSTMENT .................................................................................. 8
Fig. 10 Direction Selector Adjustment ................................................................................................... 8
TOWING ..................................................................................................................................... 8
LIFTING THE VEHICLE ............................................................................................................. 8
Fig. 11 Lifting the Vehicle ...................................................................................................................... 9
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................................ 9
Fig. 12 Lubrication Points ...................................................................................................................... 9
REAR AXLE ............................................................................................................................... 9
Checking the Lubricant Level .............................................................................................................................. 9
Fig. 13 Add, Check and Drain Rear Axle Lubricant .............................................................................10
BRAKES ................................................................................................................................... 10
Daily Brake Test ................................................................................................................................................10
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PDS MODEL VEHICLES ..........................................................................................................10
TIRES ....................................................................................................................................... 10
Tire Repair ........................................................................................................................................................ 11
Wheel Installation .............................................................................................................................................. 11
Fig. 14 Wheel Installation .................................................................................................................... 11
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT ................................................................................................. 11
CARE AND CLEANING OF THE VEHICLE ............................................................................. 12
VEHICLE CARE PRODUCTS .................................................................................................. 12
TOP AND WINDSHIELD ..........................................................................................................12
TRAILERING ............................................................................................................................ 13
HARDWARE .............................................................................................................................13
Fig. 15 Bolt Grades ............................................................................................................................. 13
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................................................13
Fig. 16 Torque Specifications .............................................................................................................. 13
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE
....................................................................................... 14
Fig. 17 Periodic Service Schedule ...................................................................................................... 14
BATTERIES AND CHARGING ................................................................................................. 16
Safety ................................................................................................................................................................ 16
BATTERY ................................................................................................................................. 16
BATTERY MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................... 16
At Each Charging Cycle .................................................................................................................................... 16
Monthly ............................................................................................................................................................. 17
Electrolyte Level and Water .............................................................................................................................. 17
Fig. 18 Correct Electrolyte Level ......................................................................................................... 17
Fig. 19 Water Purity Table .................................................................................................................. 17
Cleaning Batteries ............................................................................................................................................. 17
Fig. 20 Automatic Watering Gun ......................................................................................................... 18
Prolonged Storage ............................................................................................................................................ 18
Fig. 21 Preparing Acid Neutralizing Solution ....................................................................................... 18
Fig. 22 Freezing Point of Electrolyte ................................................................................................... 19
Battery Installation ............................................................................................................................................ 19
Fig. 23 Battery Connections ................................................................................................................ 19
Battery Charging ............................................................................................................................................... 19
AC Voltage ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................................................................. 20
Hydrometer ....................................................................................................................................................... 20
Fig. 24 Hydrometer ............................................................................................................................. 20
Using A Hydrometer .......................................................................................................................................... 21
Fig. 25 Hydrometer Temperature Correction ...................................................................................... 21
BATTERY CHARGER MAINTENANCE ................................................................................... 21
Fig. 26 Cleaning Auxiliary Contact in Charger Plug ............................................................................ 21
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS...................................................................................................23
Shuttle 4 Electric Powered Personnel / Cargo Carrier ....................................................................................... 24
Shuttle 6 Electric Powered Personnel / Carrier.................................................................................................. 25
TE5 Electric Powered 5 Passenger Golf Car ..................................................................................................... 26
TE5 PDS Electric Powered 5 Passenger Golf Car ............................................................................................ 27
Fig. 27 Vehicle Dimensions................................................................................................................... 28
Fig. 28 Vehicle Dimensions and Incline Specifications ......................................................................... 29
Fig. 29 Vehicle Turning Clearance........................................................................................................ 30
Page iv
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
This manual has been designed to assist the owner-operator in maintaining the vehicle in accordance with procedures
developed by E-Z-GO. Adherence to these procedures and troubleshooting tips will ensure the best possible service
from the product. To reduce the chance of personal injury and/or property damage, the following instructions must be
carefully observed:
GENERAL
Many vehicles are used for a variety of tasks beyond the original intended use of the vehicle; therefore it is impossible
to anticipate and warn against every possible combination of circumstances that may occur. No warnings can take the
place of good common sense and prudent driving practices.
Good common sense and prudent driving practices do more to prevent accidents and injury than all of the warnings
and instructions combined. E-Z-GO strongly suggests that the owner-operator read this entire manual paying particular
attention to the CAUTIONS and WARNINGS contained therein. It is further recommended that employees and other
operators be encouraged to do the same.
If you have any questions, contact your closest E-Z-GO representative or write to the address on the back cover of this
publication, Attention: Product Service Department.
E-Z-GO Division of Textron reserves the right to make design changes without obligation to make these changes on
units previously sold and the information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice.
E-Z-GO Division of Textron is not liable for errors in this manual or for incidental or consequential damages that result
from the use of the material in this manual.
This vehicle conforms to the current applicable standard for safety and performance requirements.
These vehicles are designed and manufactured for off-road use. They do not conform to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standards and are not equipped for operation on public streets. Some communities may permit these vehicles to be
operated on their streets on a limited basis and in accordance with local ordinances.
With electric powered vehicles, be sure that all electrical accessories are grounded directly to the battery (-) post.
Never use the chassis or body as a ground connection.
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for vehicle seating capacity.
Never modify the vehicle in any way that will alter the weight distribution of the vehicle, decrease its stability
or increase the speed beyond the factory specification. Such modifications can cause serious personal injury
or death. Modifications that increase the speed and/or weight of the vehicle will extend the stopping distance and may
reduce the stability of the vehicle. Do not make any such modifications or changes. E-Z-GO prohibits and disclaims
responsibility for any such modifications or any other alteration which would adversely affect the safety of the vehicle.
Vehicles that are capable of higher speeds must limit their speed to no more than the speed of similar vehicles when
used in the same environment. Additionally, speed should be further moderated by the environmental conditions,
locale and common sense.
GENERAL OPERATION
Always use the vehicle in a responsible manner and maintain the vehicle in safe operating condition.
Always read and observe all warnings and operation instruction labels affixed to the vehicle.
Always follow all safety rules established in the area where the vehicle is being operated.
Always reduce speed to compensate for poor terrain or conditions.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page v
SAFETY INFORMATION
Always apply service brake to control speed on steep grades.
Always maintain adequate distance between vehicles.
Always reduce speed in wet areas.
Always use extreme caution when approaching sharp or blind turns.
Always use extreme caution when driving over loose terrain.
Always use extreme caution in areas where pedestrians are present.
MAINTENANCE
Always maintain your vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s periodic service schedule.
Always ensure that mechanics performing repairs are trained and qualified to do so.
Always follow the manufacturer’s directions if you do any maintenance on your vehicle. Be sure to disable the vehicle
before performing any maintenance. Disabling includes removing the key from the key switch and removal of a battery
wire.
Always insulate any tools used within the battery area in order to prevent sparks or battery explosion caused by shorting the battery terminals or associated wiring. Remove the batteries or cover exposed terminals with an insulating
material.
Always check the polarity of each battery terminal and be sure to rewire the batteries correctly.
Always use specified replacement parts. Never use replacement parts of lesser quality.
Always use recommended tools.
Always determine that tools and procedures not specifically recommended by the manufacturer will not compromise
the safety of personnel nor jeopardize the safe operation of the vehicle.
Always support the vehicle using wheel chocks and safety stands. Never get under a vehicle that is supported by a
jack. Lift the vehicle in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Never attempt to maintain a vehicle in an area where exposed flame is present or persons are smoking.
Always be aware that a vehicle that is not performing as designed is a potential hazard and must not be operated.
The manufacturer cannot anticipate all situations, therefore people attempting to maintain or repair the vehicle must
have the skill and experience to recognize and protect themselves from potential situations that could result in severe
personal injury or death and damage to the vehicle. Use extreme caution and, if unsure as to the potential for injury,
refer the repair or maintenance to a qualified mechanic.
Always test drive the vehicle after any repairs or maintenance. All tests must be conducted in a safe area that is free of
both vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
Always replace damaged or missing warning, caution or information labels.
Always keep complete records of the maintenance history of the vehicle.
Page vi
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
VENTILATION
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%. Because
hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation. Five air
exchanges per hour is considered the minimum requirement.
Never charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane
gas water heaters and furnaces.
Always use a dedicated circuit for each battery charger. Do not permit other appliances to be plugged into the receptacle when the charger is in operation.
Chargers must be installed and operated in accordance with charger manufacturer’s recommendations or applicable
electrical code (whichever is more restrictive).
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page vii
SAFETY INFORMATION
Notes:
Page viii
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
GENERAL
The following text is provided as recommended by part II
of ASME/ANSI B56.8-1988. E-Z-GO strongly endorses
the contents of this specification.
manual without the manufacturer’s prior written authorization. Where authorized modifications have been made,
the user shall ensure that capacity, operation, warning,
and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals are
changed accordingly.
PART II
FOR THE USER
4.3.3 As required under paras. 4.3.1 or 4.3.2, the
manufacturer shall be contacted to secure new nameplates, warnings, or instructions which shall then be
affixed in their proper place on the carrier.
4 GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES
4.4
4.1
Introduction
4.1.1 Like other machines, carriers can cause injury
if improperly used or maintained. Part II contains broad
safety practices applicable to carrier operations. Before
operation, the user shall establish such additional specific safety practices as may reasonably be required for
safe operation.
4.2
Stability
4.2.1
Experience has shown that this vehicle, which
complies with this standard, is stable when properly
operated and when operated in accordance with specific
safety rules and practices established to meet actual
operating terrain and conditions. However, improper
operation, faulty maintenance, or poor housekeeping
may contribute to a condition of instability and defeat the
purpose of the standard. Some of the conditions which
may affect stability are failure of the user to follow safety
practices; also, ground and floor conditions, grade,
speed, loading, the operation of the carrier with improper
loads, battery weight, dynamic and static forces, and the
judgement exercised by the carrier operator.
(a) The user shall train carrier operators to adhere
strictly to the operating instructions stated in this Standard.
(b) The user shall survey specific operating conditions
and environment, and establish and train carrier operators to comply with additional, specific safety practices.
4.3
Nameplates, Markings, Capacity, and Modifications
4.3.1 The user shall maintain in a legible condition
all nameplates, warnings, and instructions which are
supplied by the manufacturer.
4.3.2 The user shall not perform any modification or
addition which affects capacity or safe operation, or
make any change not in accordance with the owner’s
Fuel Handling and Storage
4.4.1 The user shall supervise the storage and handling of liquid fuels (when used) to be certain that it is in
accordance with appropriate paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA
505 and ANSI/NFPA 30.
4.4.2 Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum
gas fuels shall be in accordance with appropriate paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA 505 and ANSI/NFPA 58. If such
storage or handling is not in compliance with these standards, the user shall prevent the carrier from being used
until such storage and handling is in compliance with
these standards.
4.5
Changing and Charging Storage Batteries for
Electric Personnel and Burden Carriers
4.5.1 The user shall require battery changing and
charging facilities and procedures to be in accordance
with appropriate paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA 505.
4.5.2 The user shall periodically inspect facilities
and review procedures to be certain that appropriate
paragraphs of ANSI/NFPA 505, are strictly complied with,
and shall familiarize carrier operators with it.
4.6
Hazardous Locations
4.6.1 The user shall determine the hazard classification of the particular atmosphere or location in which
the carrier is to be used in accordance with ANSI/NFPA
505.
4.6.2 The user shall permit in hazardous areas only
those carriers approved and of the type required by
ANSI/NFPA 505.
4.7
Lighting for Operating Areas
4.7.1 The user, in accordance with his responsibility
to survey the environment and operating conditions, shall
determine if the carrier requires lights and, if so, shall
equip the carrier with appropriate lights in accordance
with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page ix
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
4.8
Control of Noxious Gases and Fumes
turer;
4.8.1 When equipment powered by internal combustion engines is used in enclosed areas, the atmosphere shall be maintained within limits specified in the
American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists publication, “Threshold Limit Values for
Chemical Substances and Physical Agents in the Workroom Environment”. This shall be accomplished by ventilation provided by the user, and/or the installation, use,
and proper maintenance of emission control equipment
recommended or provided by the manufacturer of the
equipment.
(b) emphasis on safety of passengers, material loads,
carrier operator, and other employees;
4.9
(e) operational performance tests and evaluations during, and at completion of, the program.
Warning Device(s)
4.9.1 The user shall make periodic inspections of
the carrier to be certain that the sound-producing and/or
visual device(s) are maintained in good operating condition.
(c) general safety rules contained within this Standard
and the additional specific rules determined by the user
in accordance with this Standard, and why they were formulated;
(d) introduction of equipment, control locations and
functions, and explanation of how they work when used
properly and when used improperly, and surface conditions, grade, and other conditions of the environment in
which the carrier is to be operated;
5.3
Personnel and Burden Carrier Operator
Responsibility
4.9.2 The user shall determine if operating conditions require the carrier to be equipped with additional
sound-producing and/or visual devices and be responsible for providing and maintaining such devices, in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
5.3.1 Operators shall abide by the following safety
rules and practices in paras. 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, and 5.7.
5 OPERATING SAFETY RULES AND
PRACTICES
5.4.2 Riding on the carrier by persons other than the
operator is authorized only on personnel seat(s) provided
by the manufacturer. All parts of the body shall remain
within the plan view outline of the carrier.
5.1
Personnel and Burden Carrier Operator
Qualifications
5.1.1 Only persons who are trained in the proper
operation of the carrier shall be authorized to operate the
carrier. Operators shall be qualified as to visual, auditory,
physical, and mental ability to safely operate the equipment according to Section 5 and all other applicable
parts of this Standard.
5.2
Personnel and Burden Carrier Operators’
Training
5.2.1 The user shall conduct an operators’ training
program.
5.2.2 Successful completion of the operators’ training program shall be required by the user before operation of the carrier. The program shall be presented in its
entirety to all new operators and not condensed for those
claiming previous experience.
5.2.3 The user should include in the operators’ training program the following:
(a)
Page x
instructional material provided by the manufac-
5.4
General
5.4.1 Safeguard the pedestrians at all times. Do not
drive carrier in a manner that would endanger anyone.
5.4.3 When a carrier is to be left unattended, stop
carrier, apply the parking brake, stop the engine or turn
off power, turn off the control or ignition circuit, and
remove the key if provided. Block the wheels if machine
is on an incline.
5.4.4 A carrier is considered unattended when the
operator is 25 ft. (7.6 m) or more from the carrier which
remains in his view, or whenever the operator leaves the
carrier and it is not within his view. When the operator is
dismounted and within 25 ft. (7.6 m) of the carrier still in
his view, he still must have controls neutralized, and the
parking brake(s) set to prevent movement.
5.4.5 Maintain a safe distance from the edge of
ramps and platforms.
5.4.6 Use only approved carriers in hazardous locations, as defined in the appropriate safety standards.
5.4.7 Report all accidents involving personnel,
building structures, and equipment.
5.4.8
rier.
Operators shall not add to, or modify, the car-
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
5.4.9 Carriers shall not be parked or left unattended
such that they block or obstruct fire aisles, access to
stairways, or fire equipment.
5.5
Traveling
5.5.1 Observe all traffic regulations, including authorized speed limits. Under normal traffic conditions keep
to the right. Maintain a safe distance, based on speed of
travel, from a carrier or vehicle ahead; and keep the carrier under control at all times.
5.5.2 Yield the right of way to pedestrians, ambulances, fire trucks, or other carriers or vehicles in emergency situations.
5.5.3 Do not pass another carrier or vehicle traveling in the same direction at intersections, blind spots, or
at other dangerous locations.
5.5.4 Keep a clear view of the path of travel,
observe other traffic and personnel, and maintain a safe
clearance.
5.5.5 Slow down or stop, as conditions dictate, and
activate the sound-producing warning device at cross
aisles and when visibility is obstructed at other locations.
5.5.6
Ascend or descend grades slowly.
5.5.7 Avoid turning, if possible, and use extreme
caution on grades, ramps, or inclines; normally travel
straight up and down.
5.5.8 Under all travel conditions the carrier shall be
operated at a speed that will permit it to be brought to a
stop in a safe manner.
smooth, sweeping motion.
5.6
Loading
5.6.1 Handle only stable and safely arranged loads.
When handling off-center loads which cannot be centered, operate with extra caution.
5.6.2 Handle only loads within the capacity of the
carrier as specified on the nameplate.
5.6.3 Handle loads exceeding the dimensions used
to establish carrier capacity with extra caution. Stability
and maneuverability may be adversely affected.
5.7
Operator Care of Personnel and Burden
Carriers
5.7.1 At the beginning of each shift during which the
carrier will be used, the operator shall check the carrier
condition and inspect the tires, warning devices, lights,
battery(s), speed and directional controllers, brakes, and
steering mechanism. If the carrier is found to be in need
of repair, or in any way unsafe, the matter shall be
reported immediately to the designated authority and the
carrier shall not be operated until it has been restored to
safe operating condition.
5.7.2 If during operation the carrier becomes unsafe
in any way, the matter shall be reported immediately to
the designated authority, and the carrier shall not be
operated until it has been restored to safe operating condition.
5.7.3 Do not make repairs or adjustments unless
specifically authorized to do so.
5.5.9 Make starts, stops, turns, or direction reversals in a smooth manner so as not to shift the load,
endanger passengers, or overturn the carrier.
5.7.4 The engine shall be stopped and the operator
shall leave the carrier while refueling.
5.5.10 Do not indulge in dangerous activities, such as
stunt driving or horseplay.
5.7.5 Spillage of oil or fuel shall be carefully and
completely absorbed or evaporated and fuel tank cap
replaced before starting engine.
5.5.11 Slow down when approaching, or on, wet or
slippery surfaces.
5.5.12 Do not drive carrier onto any elevator unless
specifically authorized to do so. Approach elevators
slowly, and then enter squarely after the elevator car is
properly leveled. Once on the elevator, neutralize the
controls, shut off power, and set parking brakes. It is
advisable that all other personnel leave the elevator
before a carrier is allowed to enter or exit.
5.5.13 Avoid running over loose objects, potholes,
and bumps.
5.5.14 To negotiate turns, reduce speed to improve
stability, then turn hand steering wheel or tiller in a
5.7.6 Do not operate a carrier with a leak in the fuel
system or battery(s).
5.7.7 Do not use open flames for checking electrolyte level in storage battery(s) or liquid level in fuel tanks.
6 MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
6.1
Introduction
6.1.1 Carriers may become hazardous if maintenance is neglected. Therefore, maintenance facilities,
trained personnel, and procedures shall be provided.
Such facilities may be on or off the premises.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page xi
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
6.2
Maintenance Procedures
6.2.1 Maintenance and inspection of all carriers
shall be performed in conformance with the manufacturer’s recommendations and the following practices.
(a) A scheduled preventive maintenance, lubrication,
and inspection system shall be followed.
(b) Only qualified and authorized personnel shall be
permitted to maintain, repair, adjust, and inspect carriers.
(c) Before undertaking maintenance or repair, follow
the manufacturer’s recommendations for immobilizing
the carrier.
(d) Block chassis before working underneath it.
(e) Before disconnecting any part of the engine fuel
system of a gasoline or diesel powered carrier with gravity feed fuel systems, be sure shutoff valve is closed, and
run engine until fuel system is depleted and engine stops
running.
(f) Before disconnecting any part of the engine fuel
system of LP gas powered carriers, close the LP gas cylinder valve and run the engine until fuel in the system is
depleted and the engine stops running.
(g) Operation to check performance of the carrier shall
be conducted in an authorized area where safe clearance exists.
prevent the use of the carrier until the leak has been
eliminated.
(o) The carrier manufacturer’s capacity, operation, and
maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals shall be
maintained in legible condition.
(p) Batteries, motors, speed and directional controllers, limit switches, protective devices, electrical conductors, and connections shall be inspected and maintained
in conformance with manufacturers recommended procedures.
(q) Carriers shall be kept in a clean condition to minimize fire hazards and facilitate detection of loose or
defective parts.
(r) Modifications and additions which affect capacity
and safe machine operation shall not be performed by
the customer or user without manufacturer’s prior written
authorization; where authorized modifications have been
made, the user shall ensure that capacity, operation,
warning, and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or
decals are changed accordingly.
(s) Care shall be taken to ensure that all replacement
parts are interchangeable with the original parts and of a
quality at least equal to that provided in the original
equipment.
(h) Before commencing operation of the carrier, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions and recommended procedures.
(i) Avoid fire hazards and have fire protection equipment present in the work area. Do not use an open flame
to check level or leakage of fuel, battery electrolyte, or
coolant. Do not use open pans of fuel or flammable
cleaning fluids for cleaning parts.
END OF ASME/ANSI B56.8 - 1988 TEXT
(j) Properly ventilate the work area.
(k) Handle LP gas cylinders with care. Physical damage, such as dents, scrapes, or gouges, may dangerously weaken the tank and make it unsafe for use.
(l) Brakes, steering mechanisms, speed and directional control mechanisms, warning devices, lights, governors, guards, and safety devices shall be inspected
regularly and maintained in a safe operating condition.
(m)
Special carriers or devices designed and
approved for hazardous area operation shall be
inspected to ensure that maintenance preserves the original approved safe operating features.
(n) Fuel systems shall be checked for leaks and condition of parts. If a leak is found, action shall be taken to
Page xii
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
GENERAL
5.2.1. Steep Grade
The following text is provided as recommended by part II
of ANSI / GCMA Z130.1 - 1993. E-Z-GO, as a member of
the National Golf Car Manufacturers Association
(NGCMA), strongly endorses the contents of this specification.
In areas where steep grades exist, golf car operations
should be restricted to the designated golf car pathways
where possible, and shall be identified with a suitable
warning giving the following information: “Warning, steep
grade, descend slowly with one foot on brake.”
PART II
5.2.2. Wet Areas
MAINTENANCE AND OPERATIONS
5.
GENERAL SAFETY PRACTICES
5.1.
Introduction
Like other machines, golf cars can cause injury if improperly used or maintained. This section contains broad
safety practices recommended for safe golf car operations. Before operation, the controlling party should
establish such additional specific safety practices as may
be reasonably required for safe operations.
Experience has shown that golf cars which comply with
the provisions stated in Part II of this Standard are safe
when properly operated in accordance with the safety
and operation warnings affixed to every golf car. The safe
operation is enhanced when the golf cars are operated
within a specific set of operation instructions, safety rules
and practices established to meet actual operating terrain and conditions.
The safety information contained in Part II is intended to
provide the controlling party with basic safety information
and to encourage the controlling party to implement a
golf car safety program.
It is suggested and recommended that Part II be
reprinted in the golf car manufacturer’s operation and
service manuals to encourage safe operations and practices at the controlling party’s facility.
5.2.
Safety Survey
The controlling party shall perform a safety survey periodically, and as conditions warrant to their premises, to
identify areas where golf cars should not be operated
and to identify possible hazards.
Wet grassy areas may cause a golf car to lose traction
and may affect stability. Wet areas shall be chained or
roped off to prevent golf car operations or be identified by
a suitable warning not to operate golf cars in this area
due to wet terrain.
5.2.3. Sharp
Approaches
Turns,
Blind
Corners,
Bridge
Sharp turns, blind spots, bridge approaches and other
potentially hazardous areas shall be either chained or
roped off to prevent golf car operations or identified with
a suitable warning to the operator of the nature of the
hazard and stating the proper precautions to be taken to
avoid the hazard.
5.2.4. Loose Terrain
Loose terrain may cause a golf car to lose traction and
may affect stability. Areas of loose terrain should be
repaired if possible, or chained or roped off to prevent
golf car operation or identified by a suitable warning to
operators not to operate golf cars in this area due to
loose terrain or possible hazardous conditions.
5.2.5. Golf Car/Pedestrian Interference Areas
Areas where pedestrians and golf cars interfere shall be
avoided whenever possible by rerouting the golf car traffic or the pedestrian traffic to eliminate the interference. If
elimination of the interference is not possible or is highly
impractical, signs shall be erected warning pedestrians
of the golf car traffic and golf car operators of the pedestrian traffic and to drive slowly and use extreme caution.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page xiii
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
6.
MAINTENANCE
6.1. Introduction
6.1.1. Golf cars may become hazardous if maintenance
is neglected or improperly performed. Therefore maintenance facilities, trained personnel and procedures in
accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations
should be provided by the controlling party.
6.2. Preventive Maintenance
A regularly scheduled inspection and preventive maintenance program in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations should be established. Such a program will be a valuable tool in providing the golfing patron
with a safe, properly operating golf car and thereby help
to avoid accidents.
6.2.1. Personnel
Only qualified, trained and authorized personnel shall be
permitted to inspect, adjust and maintain golf cars.
6.2.4. Maintenance Procedures
All maintenance shall be performed in accordance with
the manufacturer’s recommended maintenance procedures as outlined in the manufacturer’s operation and
service manuals.
6.2.5. Maintenance Safety Procedures
All maintenance shall be performed in accordance with
the manufacturer’s recommended safety procedures as
outlined in the manufacturer’s operation and service
manuals. The following list of recommended safety procedures are general in nature and in no way supersede
the manufacturer’s specific instructions.
6.2.5.1. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for immobilizing golf car before beginning any maintenance.
6.2.2. Parts and Materials
Only manufacturer’s recommended replacement parts
and materials shall be used.
6.2.3. Ventilation
Maintenance and storage areas shall be properly ventilated to avoid fire hazards in accordance with applicable
fire codes and ordinances.
6.2.3.1. Ventilation for gasoline powered golf cars shall
be provided to remove flammable vapors, fumes and
other flammable materials. Consult applicable fire codes
for specific levels of ventilation.
6.2.3.2. Ventilation for electric powered golf cars shall
be provided to remove the accumulation of flammable
hydrogen gas emitted during the charging process. The
amount of hydrogen gas emitted depends upon a number of factors such as the condition of the batteries, the
output rate of the battery charger and the amount of time
the batteries are on charge. Hydrogen emissions are
generally considered to be in the area of 10 to 20 cubic
Page xiv
liters per car per charge. Because of the highly volatile
nature of hydrogen gas and its propensity to rise and
accumulate at the ceiling in pockets, a minimum of 5 air
changes per hour is recommended. The controlling party
shall consult applicable fire and safety codes for the specific ventilation levels required as well as the use of
explosion proof electrical apparatus.
6.2.5.2. Block chassis before working underneath golf
car.
6.2.5.3. Before disconnecting any part of the fuel system, drain the system and turn all shut off valves to the
‘OFF’ position to prevent leakage or accumulation of
flammable fuels in the work area.
6.2.5.4. Avoid fire hazards and have fire protection
equipment available.
6.2.5.5. Before performing any maintenance on an electric golf car, disable the electrical system in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions.
6.2.5.6. Use only properly insulated tools when working
on electrically powered golf cars or around batteries.
6.2.5.7. Brakes, steering mechanisms, warning devices,
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
governors and all other safety devices shall be inspected
and maintained in a safe and proper operating condition
and shall not be modified as supplied by the manufacturer.
6.2.5.8. After each maintenance or repair the golf car
shall be driven by qualified, trained and authorized personnel to ensure proper operation and adjustment.
6.2.5.9. Driving golf car to check for proper operation
and adjustment after repair shall be performed in an area
that is free of vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
6.2.5.10. Record all maintenance performed in a maintenance record log by date, name of person performing
maintenance and type of maintenance. Controlling party
management should periodically inspect maintenance
log to ensure currency and completeness of entries.
6.2.5.11. Provide operator comment cards to assist in
identifying non-periodic maintenance needs for specific
golf cars.
6.2.6. The controlling party shall maintain in a legible
condition all nameplates, warnings and instructions
which are supplied by the manufacturer.
6.2.7. The controlling party shall not perform any modification or addition which affects capacity or safe operation, or make any change not in accordance with the
owner’s manual without the manufacturer’s prior written
authorization. Where authorized modifications have been
made, the controlling party shall ensure that capacity,
operation, warning and maintenance instruction plates,
tags or decals are changed accordingly.
6.2.8. As required under paragraphs 6.2.6 and 6.2.7 the
manufacturer shall be contacted to secure new nameplates, warnings or instructions which shall then be
affixed in their proper place on the golf car.
7. FUELS HANDLING AND STORAGE/
BATTERY CHARGING
7.1.
The controlling party shall supervise the storage
and handling of liquid fuels in accordance with applicable
fire and safety requirements.
7.2.
Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gas
fuels shall be in accordance with American Gas Association recommendations and applicable fire safety requirements.
7.3.
The controlling party shall require battery changing and charging facilities and procedures to be in accordance with applicable ordinances or regulations (also
see paragraph 6.2.3.2).
7.4.
The controlling party shall periodically inspect
facilities and review procedures to be certain that the
procedures in paragraphs 6.2.3.2 and 7.3 are being followed.
8. OPERATING SAFETY RULES AND
PRACTICES
8.1. Operator Qualifications
8.1.1. Only authorized persons shall be allowed to operate golf cars. It is recommended that no persons be
allowed to operate golf cars except those persons who
posses a valid motor vehicle driver’s license.
8.1.2. The controlling party shall display the operation
and safety instructions as recommended by the golf car
manufacturers and the golf course safety rules in a conspicuous place near the golf car rental area or golf car
pick-up area. It is also recommended, as with all motor
vehicles, that the warning “Do not operate golf cars when
under the influence of alcohol or drugs.” be posted in a
conspicuous location.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page xv
SAFETY INFORMATION
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Notes:
Page xvi
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Thank you for your purchase. The vehicle is equipped
with an electronic speed control unit that is the most
advanced in the industry. Before driving the vehicle, we
ask you to spend some time reading this Owner’s Manual and Service Guide. This guide contains information
that will assist you in maintaining your highly reliable
vehicle. This guide covers the operation of several vehicles, therefore some pictorial views may not represent
your vehicle. Physical differences in controls will be illustrated. Some illustrations may show items that are
optional for your vehicle.
Never charge a vehicle in an area that is subject to flame
or spark. Pay particular attention to natural gas or propane gas water heaters and furnaces.
Before a new vehicle is put into operation, it is recommended that the items shown in the INITIAL SERVICE
CHART be performed (Ref Fig. 1 on page 1).
ITEM
SERVICE OPERATION
Charger
Remove from vehicle and properly mount
Most of the service procedures in this guide can be
accomplished by an individual using common automotive
hand tools. Refer to an authorized service representative
for information on servicing the vehicle in accordance
with the Periodic Service Schedule.
Batteries
Charge batteries
Seats
Remove protective plastic covering
Brakes
Check hydraulic brake fluid level
To facilitate maintenance, a Service Parts Manual and a
Technician’s Repair and Service Manual is available from
a local Distributor, an authorized Branch or the E-Z-GO
Service Parts Department. When ordering parts or
requesting information for your vehicle, provide vehicle
model, serial number and manufacture code.
Tires
BEFORE INITIAL USE
Read, understand and follow safety label on the instrument panel. Be sure you understand the vehicle, its
equipment and how to use it safely. Although the vehicles
have been designed to provide safe and reliable operation, maintaining good performance depends to a large
extent on the operator.
Hydrogen gas is generated as a natural part of the
lead acid battery charging process. A 4% concentration of hydrogen gas is
explosive and could cause severe injury or death.
Charging must take place in an area that is adequately ventilated (minimum of 5 air exchanges per hour).
!
!
To reduce the chance of battery explosion that could
result in severe injury or death, never smoke around
or charge batteries in an area that has open flame or
electrical equipment that could cause an electrical
arc.
Hydrogen gas is generated in the charging cycle of batteries and is explosive in concentrations as low as 4%.
Because hydrogen gas is lighter than air, it will collect in
the ceiling of buildings necessitating proper ventilation.
Five air exchanges per hour is considered the minimum
requirement.
Check operation and adjust if necessary
Check air pressure (see SPECIFICATIONS)
Fig. 1 Initial Service Chart
Vehicle batteries must be fully charged before initial use.
Preparation of Seats for Service
Remove the protective plastic coverings from the seats
before placing the vehicle in service. The only function of
the plastic covering is to protect the seat bottom and
back rest during shipping. If the plastic covering is left on
the seat and becomes torn, dirt may get under the plastic
covering and be ground into the cover material. Water
getting under the plastic covering can become trapped
and eventually will damage the seat assembly.
Charger Installation
To prevent overheating
that may cause serious
damage to the charger
and create the potential for fire, do not block or
obstruct the airways. Portable chargers must be
mounted on a platform above the ground or in such a
manner as to permit the maximum air flow underneath and around the charger.
!
!
If the charger is operated in an outdoor location, rain and
sun protection must be provided (Ref. Fig. 2 on page 2).
A dedicated circuit is required for the charger. Refer to
the charger manual for appropriate circuit protection. The
charger may remain plugged into the AC outlet. To
charge the vehicle, refer to the instruction labels on the
charger. Insert the DC plug completely into the vehicle
receptacle located on the panel underneath the driver’s
seat (Ref Fig. 3 on page 2). After inserting the polarized
DC plug, wait a few seconds and observe ammeter on
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 1
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
SERIAL NUMBER PLATE LOCATION
Provide Protection From Elements
The serial and manufacturing numbers are located on a
plate on the passenger side of the dash panel (Ref Fig. 4
on page 2).
Design changes take place on an ongoing basis. In order
to obtain correct components for the vehicle, the manufacturing date and serial number must be provided when
ordering service parts.
Do Not Block Louvered Airways
NEMA 15 - 5R Grounded AC Receptacle
110 - 120 VAC. Dedicated 15 AMP Circuit
OFF
ON
Locations outside the US and Canada: Reference
appropriate local electrical code and charger manufacturer recommendations for AC power requirements
Fig. 2 Charger Installation
charger to make sure it moves indicating that charger is
charging.
Fig. 4 Serial Number Plate Location
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
The controls on the vehicle consist of:
• key/light switch
Fig. 3 Charger Receptacle
The charger will automatically start a few seconds after
plug insertion. The charger will automatically stop when
batteries are fully charged and the DC plug can be
removed to permit use of the vehicle.
To prevent a physical
hazard that could result
in an electrical shock or
electrocution, be sure that the charger plug is not
damaged and is inserted into a grounded receptacle.
!
!
The power (AC) cord is equipped with a grounded
plug, do not attempt to pull out, cut or bend the
ground post.
If vehicle is to be charged with a non - E-Z-GO
charger, refer to the manufacturer’s instructions
supplied with the charger.
Page 2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
accelerator pedal
service brake pedal
parking brake pedal or handle
direction selector lever or switch
horn
state of charge meter
run - tow/maintenance switch (PDS only)
Key/Light Switch
The vehicles are equipped with a combination key/light
switch. Located on the dash panel, this switch enables
the basic electrical system of the vehicle to be turned on
and off by turning the key. If the vehicle is equipped with
lights, this switch also has a position for operating the
lights. The lights will illuminate only when the key is
turned to the light icon position (Ref Fig. 5 on page 3).
To prevent inadvertent operation of the vehicle when left
unattended, the key should be turned to the ‘OFF’ position and removed.
If the vehicle is equipped with E-Z-GO installed
custom accessories, some accessories remain
operational with the key switch in the ‘OFF’ position.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Parking Brake
Direction Selector (PDS)
State of Charge Meter
The foot operated parking brake is located at the left side
of the instrument panel just above the floor. The brake is
engaged when the pedal is depressed and is disengaged
when the accelerator pedal is depressed.
OFF
ON
Fig. 5 Key/Light Switch
Accelerator Pedal
If the key switch is ‘ON’
and the parking brake is
engaged, depressing the
accelerator inadvertently will release the parking
brake and cause the vehicle to move which could
cause severe injury or death. Always turn the key
switch to ‘OFF’ when leaving the vehicle in ‘Park’.
!
Depending on the vehicle model, the parking brake may
be either foot or hand operated (Ref Fig. 6 on page 3).
!
Depressing the accelerator pedal starts the motor. When
the pedal is released, the motor will stop. To stop the
vehicle more quickly, depress the service brake.
Depressing the accelerator pedal also releases the floor
mounted parking brake (Ref Fig. 6 on page 3).
Accelerator
(and Parking
Brake Release)
The hand operated parking brake is located between the
front seats. The brake is engaged when the handle is
raised and is disengaged when the handle is parallel to
the seat bottom. When leaving the vehicle unattended,
engage the parking brake by raising the handle until it is
locked in place. To release the parking brake, depress
the release button in the end of the handle while slightly
raising the handle, then lower the parking brake handle.
The motor will not start unless the handle is fully
released, or lowered to it’s lowest position.
Direction Selector
Located either on the seat support panel, between the
front seats in the console or in the dash panel, this lever
or switch permits the selection of either forward, reverse
or neutral (the position between FORWARD and
REVERSE) (Ref. Fig. 6 on page 3) (Ref Fig. 7 on page
3). It should be left in neutral when the vehicle is unattended.
To prevent component damage, the
vehicle must be completely stopped
before moving the direction selector.
On PDS models, if the direction selector is shifted before the
vehicle comes to a complete stop, a warning beeper will activate.
Parking
Brake
Neutral
Service
Brake
OR
Reverse
On Seat
Support
Panel
Direction
Selector
Parking
Brake
REVERSE
Forward
FORWARD
OR
In Dash
Panel
FWD
REV
Fig. 6 Accelerator and Brake Controls
Service Brake Pedal
FWD
Forward
Reverse
REV
Neutral, as shown
Fig. 7 Direction Selector
Depressing the foot operated service brake pedal activates the brakes (Ref Fig. 6 on page 3).
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 3
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Horn
The horn activating button is located either on the steering column or on the floor to the left of the brake pedal
(Ref Fig. 8 on page 4). The horn is located under the seat
on the driver side.
With the switch in ‘TOW/MAINTENANCE’ position:
• the controller is deactivated
• the electronic braking system is deactivated which
allows the vehicle to be towed or roll freely
• the warning beeper is deactivated
With the switch in ‘RUN’ position:
• the controller is activated
• the electronic braking system and warning beeper
features are activated
Horn
Button
PDS vehicles operate only in the ‘RUN’ position.
If all of the following events occur with the switch in
‘RUN’ position:
a) the vehicle has been stopped for more than 1.5
seconds
b) the accelerator pedal has been released for more
than one second
c) the vehicle begins to roll above 2 mph (3 kph)
OR
Horn
Button
Fig. 8 Horn Button
State of Charge Meter
Located in the dash, the state of charge meter indicates
the amount of usable power in the batteries (Ref. Fig. 5
on page 3).
Run - Tow/Maintenance Switch (on PDS
vehicles only)
The PDS vehicle is equipped with a two position switch
located under the passenger side of the rear seat (Ref
Fig. 9 on page 4).
Always
sele
WARN
ING
TO
ct 'TOW
RUN
l
/ MAINTEWING
NANCE'
pos
ition befo
re tow
ing.
TOW
MAINTE
NANCE
Possibil
ity of elec MAINTEN
Before
ANCE
trical arc
rem
turn swit oving/conne and battery
explosio
cting
ch to 'TO
n.
To disa
W/MAIN batteries or
ble elec
electrica
TENANC
trical syst
position
l compon
E' pos
and
ition.
em plac
ents
After reco remove batt
e
ery wire switch in 'TO
nnectin
W/MAIN
before
.
selectin g batteries,
TENANC
allo
g 'RUN'
E'
position w a minimum
of 30 sec
onds
73340G01
the electronic braking will limit speed to approximately 2
mph (3 kph) and the warning beeper will sound. When
the accelerator pedal is depressed, the electronic braking and warning beeper will be overridden and normal
vehicle operation resumes. Any unusual situation sensed
by the PDS system will cause a similar response. The
system functions in all key switch positions.
To prevent the possibility of loss of control that
could cause severe injury or death, use service brake to control speed. The
PDS system is not a substitute for the service brake.
!
!
If all of the following events occur with the switch in
‘RUN’ position:
a) the vehicle is being driven down a slope
b) the vehicle speed exceeds the designed speed
with the accelerator pedal depressed or released
the electronic braking will limit the speed of the vehicle to
the designed speed range (the warning beeper will not
sound). When the electronic braking system is activated
by this sequence of events, the motor generates power
which is returned to the batteries. PDS models are
equipped with a regenerative motor control system.
If the operator attempts to override the electronic braking
feature by moving the direction selector or key switch to
another position, the warning beeper will sound and the
vehicle will brake rapidly until it reaches the speed of
approximately 2 mph (3 kph).
Fig. 9 Run-Tow/Maintenance Switch
Page 4
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
The PDS is a low power consumption unit but it will drain
the vehicle batteries over a period of time if not
recharged. If the vehicle is to be stored for a prolonged
period of time, the PDS should be disconnected from the
batteries by selecting the ‘TOW/MAINTENANCE’ position on the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch located under
the rear passenger seat.
Controller Diagnostics (PDS vehicles only)
In the unlikely event of a speed sensor failure, a welded
solenoid or low battery voltage, the PDS controller will
default to a mode that will permit the vehicle to operate,
but at a very reduced speed.
This feature allows the vehicle to be driven back to its
storage facility where the problem can be diagnosed.
The controller will report the failure mode.
BEFORE ENTERING VEHICLE
1. Check for correct tire inflation.
2. Inspect for fluid leaks.
3. Be sure everything is properly stored and secured.
4. Check to see that the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch is
in the ‘RUN’ position on PDS model vehicles.
Some vehicles may be equipped with an interlock system
that disables the controller and prevents the vehicle from
being operated while the charger is connected. The interlock functions even if the DC plug is not fully connected
in the vehicle receptacle. Remove charger plug from
vehicle receptacle and properly store cable prior to moving vehicle.
OPERATING THE VEHICLE
Improper use of the vehicle or the lack
of proper maintenance may result in
decreased performance or damage to the vehicle.
Read and understand the following warnings before
attempting to operate the vehicle:
To reduce the possibility
of severe injury or death
resulting from loss of
vehicle control, the following warnings must be
observed:
Drive the vehicle only as fast as terrain and safety
considerations allow. Consider the terrain, traffic
conditions and the environmental factors which
effect the terrain and the ability to control the
vehicle.
!
!
Use extra care and reduced speed when driving
on poor surfaces, such as loose dirt, wet grass,
gravel, etc.
Avoid extremely rough terrain.
Avoid driving fast down hill. A sudden stop or
change of direction may result in loss of control.
Use service brake to control speed when traveling
down an incline.
To prevent loss of control, do not move the direction selector of a PDS vehicle while the vehicle is
in motion. Moving the selector will result in a sudden slowing of the vehicle and the beeping of a
warning device.
Slow down before and during turns. All turns
should be executed at reduced speed.
All travel should be directly up or down hills.
Use extra care when driving the vehicle across
any incline.
Stay in designated areas
!
! and avoid steep slopes.
To reduce the possibility
of severe injury or death resulting from improper
vehicle operation, the following warnings must be
observed:
Refer to GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for seating
capacity.
Depressing accelerator pedal will release foot
operated park brake and may cause inadvertent
vehicle movement. Turn the key to the ‘OFF’ position whenever the vehicle is parked.
Make sure that the direction selector is in correct
position before attempting to start the vehicle.
Do not take vehicle out of ‘gear’ while in motion
(coast).
Check the area behind the vehicle before operating in reverse.
Always bring the vehicle to a complete stop
before shifting the direction selector.
Always remain seated and hold on while the vehicle is in motion. Keep feet, legs, hands and arms
inside the vehicle at all times.
To prevent inadvertent movement when the vehicle is to be left unattended, engage the parking
brake, move direction selector to neutral position,
turn key to ‘OFF’ position and remove key.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 5
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Additional Warnings and Cautions
(applicable to PDS vehicles)
alarm will beep indicating that vehicle is in ‘walk
away’ condition.
To prevent loss of control, do not move PDS
vehicle direction selector
while the vehicle is in motion. Moving the selector will
result in a sudden slowing of the vehicle and the
beeping of a warning device.
Bringing vehicle to a complete stop, releasing accelerator and again depressing accelerator will return vehicle to
normal operation.
Permitting the vehicle to coast down an incline at speeds
in excess of 2 mph (3 kph) with the accelerator pedal
released after bringing the vehicle to a complete stop will
cause an electronic braking force to be applied and a
beeping from the warning device. Depressing the accelerator pedal will return control to the operator and deactivate the warning beeper.
The motor stops when the accelerator pedal is released.
To stop the vehicle more quickly, depress the service
brake pedal.
!
!
Before attempting to tow vehicle, move
the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch to the
‘Tow/Maintenance’ position. Failure to do so will damage the
controller or motor.
Before disconnecting or connecting a battery, or any other
wiring, move the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch to the ‘Tow/
Maintenance’ position.
After connecting a battery, or any other wiring, wait a minimum of
30 seconds before moving the Run-Tow/Maintenance switch to
the ‘Run’ position.
STARTING VEHICLE ON A HILL
General
There are two parking brakes available on this series of
vehicles, the foot operated pedal and the hand operated
handle. The foot pedal will release when the accelerator
is depressed to start the motor. The hand operated park
brake must be released by hand. The hand operated
park brake must be fully released, in the lowest position
possible, in order for the motor to start.
PDS Vehicle
To start the PDS vehicle on a hill: With the left foot, apply
the service brake. Turn the key to the ‘ON’ position. Move
the direction selector to the direction desired. Fully
release the hand operated parking brake. With the right
foot, depress the accelerator pedal to start the motor and
release the service brake as the vehicle starts to move.
Unless the hand operated parking brake is fully
released, the motor will
not start. The vehicle may roll slowly and an audible
!
Page 6
!
When the direction selector is in the reverse
position, a warning signal will sound. This is a
device to indicate the vehicle is ready to run in reverse.
Non PDS Vehicle (with hand operated park
brake)
Do not hold vehicle on hill by using
accelerator and motor. Leaving motor in
a stalled condition for more than 3-4 seconds will cause
permanent damage to motor.
When starting the electric vehicle on a hill, it is important
to follow the procedure below to prevent excessive rollback or permanent damage to the motor. Do not hold
vehicle on hill by using accelerator and motor. Leaving
motor in a stalled condition for more than 3 - 4 seconds
will raise the commutator bars resulting in unacceptable
noise and accelerated brush wear and cause permanent
damage to motor.
To start the electric vehicle on a hill: Place left foot on the
service brake. Place the key in the key switch, and turn
the key to the ‘ON’ position. Move the direction selector
to the direction desired. Place right foot on accelerator.
Fully release park brake. Depress the accelerator pedal
to start the motor and release the service brake as the
vehicle starts to move.
Non PDS Vehicle (with foot operated park
brake)
Do not hold vehicle on hill by using
accelerator and motor. Leaving motor in
a stalled condition for more than 3-4 seconds will cause
permanent damage to motor.
When starting the electric vehicle on a hill, it is important
to follow the procedure below to prevent excessive rollback or permanent damage to the motor. Do not hold
vehicle on hill by using accelerator and motor. Leaving
motor in a stalled condition for more than 3 - 4 seconds
will raise the commutator bars resulting in unacceptable
noise and accelerated brush wear and cause permanent
damage to motor.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
To start the electric vehicle on a hill: Place left foot on the
service brake. Place the key in the key switch, and turn
the key to the ‘ON’ position. Move the direction selector
to the direction desired. Place right foot on accelerator.
Release park brake by applying the accelerator pedal to
start the motor. Release the service brake as the vehicle
starts to move.
Anti-Stall Feature (PDS Vehicle)
To prevent possible injury or vehicle damage,
never walk or stand
behind a vehicle stopped on a hill. Always maintain
adequate clearance between cars in front and behind
your vehicle.
!
!
PDS vehicles incorporate an anti-stall feature to protect
the motor from damage. If the controller senses that the
accelerator pedal is depressed (power applied to motor)
and the motor is stalled long enough to cause motor
damage, it will momentarily interrupt power to the motor.
This brief interruption will permit the car to roll backwards
slightly before again stopping in the stalled condition.
This process will repeat itself periodically until the car is
moved from the stalled condition.
If the brake is engaged while the accelerator is
depressed, the controller will sense a stalled motor condition and remove power from the motor. When the brake
pedal is released, the car will roll backwards slightly
before power is returned to the motor.
COASTING
Vehicle with PDS
The PDS controls the top speed of the vehicle while moving down hill. Therefore, overspeed coasting does not
occur with PDS model vehicles. The PDS is not a substitute for the service brake which should be used to control
the speed of the vehicle.
Some PDS models are equipped with a feature
(compression braking) which slows the vehicle’s speed when the accelerator pedal is released.
When the accelerator pedal is released, a braking force
is applied to the motor (compression braking) which simulates the engine compression braking of an internal
combustion engine.
Vehicle without PDS
To prevent injury or
death resulting from
coasting at above recommended speeds, limit speed with service brake.
!
!
On steep hills, it is possible for non-PDS vehicles to
coast at faster than normal speeds that may be encountered on a flat surface. To prevent loss of vehicle control,
speeds should be limited to no more than the maximum
speed on level ground (see GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS). Limit speed by releasing the accelerator and
applying service brake. Severe damage to the drive train
components due to excessive speed may result from
driving the vehicle above specified speed. Damage
caused by excessive speed may cause a loss of control,
is costly, is considered abuse and will not be covered
under warranty.
SERVICING THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE
To prevent severe injury
or death, resulting from
improper servicing techniques, observe the following Warnings:
Do not attempt any type of servicing operations
before reading and understanding all notes, cautions and warnings in this manual.
Any servicing requiring adjustments to be made
to the powertrain while the motor is running must
be made with both drive wheels raised.
Wear eye protection when working on
the vehicle. In particular, use care
when working around batteries, or
using solvents or compressed air.
To reduce the possibility of causing an electrical
arc, which could result in a battery explosion, turn
off all electrical loads from the batteries before
removing any heavy gauge battery wires.
To prevent the possibility of motor disintegration,
never operate vehicle at full throttle for more than
4 - 5 seconds while vehicle is in a ‘no load’ condition.
!
!
It is in the best interest of both vehicle owner and servicing dealer to carefully follow the procedures recommended in this manual. Adequate preventative
maintenance applied at regular intervals is the best guarantee for keeping the vehicle both dependable and economical.
Before any electrical service is
performed on PDS model vehicles, the
‘Run-Tow/Maintenance’ switch be placed in the ‘Tow/
Maintenance’ position.
If a power wire (battery, motor or controller) is disconnected for
any reason on the PDS model vehicle, the ‘Run-Tow/
Maintenance’ switch must be left in the ‘Tow/Maintenance’
position for at least 30 seconds after the circuit is restored.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 7
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
DIRECTION SELECTOR ADJUSTMENT
To ensure forward and reverse will fully engage when
selected with the handle, adjust handle linkage at trunnion. Ensure handle travel is permitting the direction
selector mechanism to fully engage both forward and
reverse (Ref. Fig. 10 on page 8). To adjust the trunnion,
remove the cotter pin from the trunnion and screw the
trunnion up or down the connecting rod as needed to
achieve full engagement of both forward and reverse.
!
To prevent personal injury or death, do not ride
on vehicle being towed.
Do not attempt to tow the vehicle with ropes,
chains or any device other than a factory
approved tow bar. Towing a disabled vehicle can
be dangerous and requires extra caution.
Attempting to tow with devices other than an
approved tow bar may result in severe personal
injury or death.
!
Use extra caution when towing vehicle.
Do not tow in excess of 12 mph (19 kph).
Towing vehicle at above recommended speed may result in
damage to vehicle and other property.
Tow bars are not intended for road use.
Tow bars are designed to tow only one vehicle at a maximum speed of 12 mph (19 kph). Tow bars are not
intended for highway use. Before towing, place direction
selector in neutral. Do not ride on vehicle being towed.
Washer
Cotter pin
LIFTING THE VEHICLE
Tool List
Trunnion
Qty. Required
Floor jack .....................................................................1
Jack stands..................................................................4
Fig. 10 Direction Selector Adjustment
TOWING
Tow bars are available from the E-Z-GO Service Parts
Department.
For non-PDS vehicles, place direction
selector in neutral position prior to
towing to prevent possible damage to electric motor. Release
park brake.
For PDS vehicles, place Run-Tow/Maintenance switch in ‘Tow/
Maintenance’ position prior to towing to prevent damage to
electric motor and controller.
PDS model vehicles are equipped with a ‘Run-Tow/Maintenance’ switch located underneath the seat on the passenger side. The ‘Tow/Maintenance’ position allows the
vehicle to roll freely without activating the warning beeper
and eliminating potential damage to controller or motor
(Ref Fig. 9 on page 4). Check to see that vehicles to be
towed are switched to the ‘Tow/Maintenance’ position.
Chocks.........................................................................4
Some servicing operations may require the front wheels,
the rear wheels or the entire vehicle be lifted.
To prevent possible injury or death resulting
from a vehicle falling
from a jack, be sure the vehicle is on a firm and level
surface. Never get under a vehicle while it is supported by a jack. Use jack stands and test the stability of
the vehicle on the stands. Always place chocks in
front and behind the wheels not being raised. Use
extreme care since the vehicle is extremely unstable
during the lifting process.
!
!
When lifting vehicle, position jacks and
jack stands only on the areas indicated.
To raise the entire vehicle, install chocks in front and
behind each front wheel (Ref Fig. 11 on page 9). Center
the jack under the rear frame crossmember. Raise the
vehicle and locate a jack stand under the outer ends of
the rear axle.
Lower the jack and test the stability of the vehicle on the
two jack stands.
Page 8
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Use maximum of three pumps of grease
for each grease fitting - Over greasing
may damage grease seals.
Center of
Front Axle
Putting more than three pumps of grease in a grease fitting could damage grease seals and cause premature
bearing failure.
King Pin
Ball Joints (2)
and Idler Arm
King Pin
Flat Portion
of Frame
Ball Joint
Ball Joint
Ball Joint on
Rack and Rod
Center
of Rear
Bumper
Outside End
of Rear Axle
Steering Unit
Rack Ball Joint
Tie Rod Ends
View From Underside Of Vehicle
View From Underside Of Vehicle
Fig. 11 Lifting the Vehicle
Place the jack at the center of the front axle. Raise the
vehicle and position jack stands under the inner frame
member as indicated.
Lower the jack and test the stability of the vehicle on all
four jack stands.
If only the front or rear of the vehicle is to be raised, place
the chocks in front and behind each wheel not being
raised in order to stabilize the vehicle.
Lower the vehicle by reversing the lifting sequence.
Fig. 12 Lubrication Points
REAR AXLE
The only maintenance required for the first five years is
the periodic inspection of the lubricant level. The rear
axle is provided with a lubricant level check/fill plug
located on the bottom of the differential. Unless leakage
is evident, the lubricant need only be replaced after five
years.
Checking the Lubricant Level
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
This vehicle will give years of satisfactory service, providing it receives regular maintenance. Refer to the Periodic
Service Schedule for appropriate service intervals (Ref.
Fig. 17 on page 14). Refer to Lubrication Points for
appropriate lubrication locations (Ref Fig. 12 on page 9).
Some maintenance items must be serviced
more frequently on vehicles used under severe
driving conditions.
With the vehicle on level ground, clean the area around
the check/fill plug and remove plug. The correct lubricant
level is just below the bottom of the threaded hole. If
lubricant is low, add as required. Add lubricant slowly
until lubricant starts to seep from the hole. Install the
check/fill plug. In the event that the lubricant is to be
replaced, the vehicle must be elevated and the oil pan
removed or the oil siphoned out through the check/fill
hole (Ref Fig. 13 on page 10).
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 9
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
PDS MODEL VEHICLES
Test the PDS system at regular intervals by allowing the
vehicle to roll down an incline with the accelerator pedal
released. Braking force should be felt at approximately 2
mph (3 kph) indicating that the PDS system is functioning. If vehicle speed continues to rise, apply the service
brake and have vehicle inspected by a trained mechanic.
Check/Fill Plug
TIRES
Tools List
Qty. Required
Lug wrench, 3/4"..........................................................1
Fig. 13 Add, Check and Drain Rear Axle Lubricant
Impact wrench, 1/2" drive ............................................1
Impact socket, 3/4", 1/2" drive .....................................1
BRAKES
Torque wrench, 1/2" drive, ft. lbs. ................................1
It is important to periodically check and maintain proper
fluid levels in the brake master cylinder. The fill cap for
the cylinder is located under the front seat. When checking the fluid, wipe off any dirt from the fill cap before
removing it to prevent contamination. Fluid level should
be maintained at 1/8" (3 mm) below the top of the housing. If fluid must be added, inspect system for fluid leaks.
Perform the daily brake test following procedure indicated.
Tire condition should be inspected per the Periodic Service Schedule (Ref. Fig. 17 on page 14). Inflation pressures should be checked when the tires are cool.
Daily Brake Test
After the vehicle has been put into service, it is recommended that the brakes be checked daily by performing
the following test:
To prevent severe injury
or death resulting from
operating a vehicle with
improperly operating brake system, the braking system must be properly maintained. All driving brake
tests must be done in a safe location with regard for
the safety of all personnel.
!
!
Depress the brake pedal. The pedal should have some
free travel and then become hard. A brake pedal that has
no free travel, excessive free travel or a spongy feel indicates that a brake inspection is required. A brake pedal
that falls after it is applied indicates a leak in the master
or wheel cylinders. Check for adequate brake fluid level.
Adjust brakes if required and inspect system for fluid
leaks.
Page 10
A t ire explosion can
cause severe injury or
d e a th . Ne v e r e x c e e d
inflation pressure rating on tire sidewall.
To prevent tire explosion, pressurize tire with
small amount of air applied intermittently to seat
beads. Never exceed the tire manufacturer’s recommendation when seating a bead. Protect face
and eyes from escaping air when removing valve
core.
To prevent injury caused by a broken socket, use
only sockets designed for impact wrench use.
Never use a conventional socket.
Use caution when inflating tires. Due to the low
volume of these small tires, overinflation can
occur in a matter of seconds. Overinflation could
cause the tire to separate from the wheel or cause
the tire to explode, either of which could cause
personal injury.
!
!
Use caution when inflating tires. Due to the low volume of
these small tires, overinflation can occur in a matter of
seconds. Overinflation could cause the tire to separate
from the wheel or cause the tire to explode, either of
which could cause personal injury.
Tire inflation should be determined by the condition of the
terrain. See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS section for
recommended tire inflation pressure. For outdoor applications with major use on grassy areas, the following
should be considered. On hard turf, it is desirable to have
a slightly higher inflation pressure. On very soft turf, a
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
lower pressure prevents tires from cutting into the turf.
For vehicles being used on paved or hard surfaces, tire
inflation pressure should be in the higher allowable
range, but under no condition should inflation pressure
be higher than recommended on tire sidewall. All four
tires should have the same pressure for optimum handling characteristics. Be careful not to overinflate. Due to
the low volume of these small tires, overinflation can
occur in a matter of seconds. Be sure to install the valve
dust cap after checking or inflating.
1
4
3
5
2
Fig. 14 Wheel Installation
Tire Repair
The vehicle is fitted with low pressure tubeless tires
mounted on one piece rims.
Generally, the most cost effective way to repair a flat tire
resulting from a puncture in the tread portion of the tire is
to use a commercial tire plug.
Tire plug tools and plugs are available at most
automotive parts outlets and have the advantage of not requiring the tire be removed from the wheel.
If the tire is flat, remove the wheel and inflate the tire to
the maximum recommended pressure for the tire.
Immerse the tire in water to locate the leak and mark with
chalk. Insert tire plug in accordance with manufacturer’s
specifications.
If the tire is to be removed or mounted, the tire changing
machine manufacturer’s recommendations must be followed in order to minimize the possibility of personal
injury.
To prevent injury, be
sure mounting/demounting machine is anchored
to floor. Wear OSHA approved safety equipment when
mounting/demounting tires.
!
'Cross Sequence'
Tire/wheel style
may vary
!
Follow all instructions and safety warnings provided by
the mounting/demounting machine manufacturer.
Wheel Installation
With the valve stem to the outside, mount the wheel onto
the hub with lug nuts. Finger tighten lug nuts in a ‘cross
sequence’ pattern (Ref Fig. 14 on page 11). Then, tighten
lug nuts to 50 - 85 ft. lbs. (70 - 115 Nm) torque in 20 ft.
lbs. (30 Nm) increments following the same ‘cross
sequence’ pattern.
!
!
To prevent injury caused
by a broken socket, use
only sockets designed
for impact wrench use.
Tire condition should be inspected on a daily basis. Inflation pressures should be checked on a weekly basis
when the tires are cool. When removing wheels with an
impact wrench, use only impact sockets. Regular sockets are not designed for impact pressures exerted by
power tools.
Do not tighten lug nuts to more than 85
ft. lbs. (115 Nm) torque.
LIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
To prevent premature bulb failure, do
not touch new bulbs with bare fingers.
Use a clean, dry tissue or paper towel to handle the glass portion
of the bulb.
Always hold bulbs with a clean, dry tissue or paper towel.
Natural oils from fingers will cause halogen bulbs to fail
prematurely.
Determine which bulb needs to be replaced. Reach
underneath light bar to access bulb from rear. Turn the
bulb socket a quarter turn counterclockwise to unlock
and pull out bulb. Insert new bulb and rotate quarter turn
clockwise to secure.
To replace the taillight bulb, remove hardware securing
lens and remove lens. Install replacement bulb and reinstall lens.
It is important to follow the ‘cross sequence’
pattern when installing lug nuts. This will
assure even seating of the wheel against the hub.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 11
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
CARE AND CLEANING OF THE VEHICLE
To prevent cosmetic damage, do not
use any abrasive or reactive solvents to
•
clean plastic parts.
It is important that proper techniques and cleaning materials be used.
Normal cleaning of vinyl seats and plastic or rubber trim
requires the use of a mild soap solution applied with a
sponge or soft brush and wiping with a damp cloth.
•
Removal of oil, tar, asphalt, shoe polish, etc. will require
the use of a commercially available vinyl/rubber cleaner.
•
The painted surfaces of the vehicle provide attractive
appearance and durable protection. Frequent washing
with lukewarm or cold water is the best method of preserving the painted surfaces.
•
Do not use hot water, strong soap or harsh chemical
detergents.
Rubber parts should be cleaned with non-abrasive
household cleaner.
Occasional cleaning and waxing with non-abrasive products designed for ‘clear coat’ automotive finishes will
enhance the appearance and durability of the painted
surfaces.
Corrosive materials used as fertilizers or for dust control
can collect on the underbody of the vehicle. These materials could cause corrosion of underbody parts. It is recommended that the underbody be flushed occasionally
with plain water. Thoroughly clean any areas where mud
or other debris can collect. Sediment packed in closed
areas should be loosened to ease removal, taking care
not to chip or otherwise damage paint.
VEHICLE CARE PRODUCTS
To help maintain the vehicle there are several products
available through local Distributors, authorized Branches
or the E-Z-GO Service Parts Department.
• Touch-up paint specially formulated to match vehicle colors for use on both metal and TPE (plastic)
bodies. (P/N 28140-G** and 28432-G**)
• Multi-purpose Battery Protectant formulated to
form a long-term, flexible, non-tacky, dry coating
that will not crack, peel or flake over a wide temperature range. (P/N 75500-G01)
• White Lithium Grease designed to provide lubrication protection in areas where staining or discolor-
Page 12
•
•
•
•
ing is a problem, or in areas of extreme
temperature ranges. (P/N 75502-G01)
Penetrant/Lubricant, a 4-in-1 product that penetrates the most stubborn of frozen parts, lubricates
leaving a light lubricating film, prevents corrosion
by adhering to wet or dry surfaces and displaces
moisture, sealing against future moisture return.
(P/N 75503-G01)
Multi-purpose Cleaner and Degreaser that contains natural, environmentally safe solvents. (P/N
75504-G01)
Multi-purpose Hand Cleaner is an industrial
strength cleaner containing no harsh solvents, yet
gently lifts grease off hands. May be used with or
without water. (P/N 75505-G01)
Battery Cleaner that promotes easy, non-violent
neutralization of battery acids and battery acid
crystals. The resulting sodium salts are water soluble and easily washed away. (P/N 75506-G01)
Battery Maintenance Kit for complete battery
cleaning and watering, with battery maintenance
instructions. (P/N 25587-G01)
Biodegradable Cleaner that cleans the toughest
dirt and heavy soils by breaking down grease to
be easily wiped or rinsed away. (P/N 75507-G01)
Multi-purpose Value Pack sampler package
including 4 ounce (118 ml) aerosol cans of Battery
Protector, Penetrant/Lubricant, White Lithium
Grease, and Carburetor and Choke Cleaner. (P/N
75508-G01)
Plexus plastic cleaner and polish removes minor
scratches from windshield. (P/N 28433-G**)
TOP AND WINDSHIELD
!
The top does not provide
protection from roll over
or falling objects.
The windshield does not provide protection from
tree limbs or flying objects.
!
The top and windshield are designed for weather protection only.
Clean with lots of water and a clean cloth. Minor
scratches may be removed using a commercial plastic
polish or Plexus plastic cleaner available from the E-ZGO Service Parts Department.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
TRAILERING
HARDWARE
To prevent personal injury to occupants of other
highway vehicles, be
sure that the vehicle and contents are adequately
secured to trailer.
Do not ride on vehicle being trailered.
Remove windshield before trailering.
Maximum speed with top is 50 mph (80 kph).
!
!
If the vehicle is to be transported on a trailer at highway
speeds, the windshield and top must be removed and the
seat bottoms secured. Always check that the vehicle and
contents are adequately secured before trailering the
vehicle. The rated capacity of the trailer must exceed the
weight of the vehicle and load plus 1000 pounds (see
GENERAL SPECIFICATION section for vehicle weight).
Lock the parking brake and secure the vehicle to the
trailer using ratchet tie downs.
Periodically, the vehicle should be inspected for loose
fasteners. Fasteners should be tightened in accordance
with the Torque Specifications table (Ref Fig. 16 on page
13).
Use care when tightening fasteners and refer to the
Technician’s Repair and Service Manual for specific
torque values.
In general, two grades of hardware are used in the vehicle. Grade 5 hardware can be identified by the three
marks on the hexagonal head. Unmarked hardware is
Grade 2 (Ref Fig. 15 on page 13).
Grade 2
Grade 5
Fig. 15 Bolt Grades
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
ALL TORQUE FIGURES ARE IN FT. LBS. (Nm)
Unless otherwise noted in text, tighten all hardware in accordance with this chart.
The table below specifies 'lubricated' torque figures. Fasteners that are plated or lubricated when installed
are considered 'wet' and require approximately 80% of the torque required for 'dry' fasteners.
BOLT SIZE
1/4"
5/16"
3/8"
7/16"
1/2"
9/16"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
Grade 2
4
(5)
8
(11)
15
(20)
24
(33)
35
(47)
55
(75)
75
(102)
130
(176)
125
(169)
190
(258)
Grade 5
6
(8)
13
(18)
23
(31)
35
(47)
55
(75)
80
(108)
110
(149)
200
(271)
320
(434)
480
(651)
Fig. 16 Torque Specifications
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 13
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
PERIODIC SERVICE SCHEDULE
✓ Check
♦ Clean, Adjust, etc.
▲ Replace
NOTE: Some maintenance items must be serviced more frequently on vehicles used under severe driving conditions
DAILY
BODY
♦ Clean body components as required
SERVICE BRAKE
✓ Check brake performance, smooth operation and adjust if required
PARKING BRAKE
✓ Check brake performance and adjust if required
REVERSE WARNING DEVICE
✓ Check operation when direction selector is in reverse
TIRES
✓ Examine for cuts, excessive wear and pressure
(See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS)
WHEELS
✓ Check for bent rims, missing or loose lug nuts
BATTERIES
♦ Recharge to full charge state after each day’s use
CHARGER / RECEPTACLE
✓ Inspect connector system at each charge
MONTHLY - 20 HOURS (includes items listed in previous table & the following)
♦ Clean battery & terminals with 1/4 cup (60 ml) baking soda to 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters)
water solution, rinse with clear water
BATTERIES
✓ Check charge condition and all connections
HYDRAULIC BRAKE FLUID
✓ Check level, add if required and check for leakage (DOT 3)
WIRING
✓ Check all wiring for loose connections and broken/missing insulation
ACCELERATOR
✓ Check for smooth movement
CHARGER / RECEPTACLE
♦ Clean connections, keep receptacles free of dirt and foreign matter
DIRECTION SELECTOR
✓ Check attachment, tighten as required
STEERING ASSEMBLY
✓ Check for abnormal play, tightness of all hardware
TIE RODS/LINKAGES
✓ Check for excessive play, bent components or loose connections
REAR AXLE
✓ Check for leakage, add SAE 30 oil as required
PDS CONTROLLER
✓ Check PDS Controller braking force (See PDS MODEL VEHICLES in text)
QUARTERLY - 50 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
FRONT AXLE
✓ Check for damage to axle and loose or missing hardware
FRONT SHOCK ABSORBERS
✓ Check for oil leakage and loose fasteners
FRONT SPRINGS
✓ Check for loose hardware, cracks at attachments
FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT
✓ Check for unusual tire wear, align if required
PARKING BRAKE
REAR SHOCK ABSORBERS
✓ Check for damage or wear
♦ Lubricate, use light oil. DO NOT LUBRICATE CABLES
✓ Check for oil leakage, loose mounting hardware
Fig. 17 Periodic Service Schedule
Page 14
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
SEMI-ANNUAL - 125 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
DIRECTION SELECTOR
✓ Check for wear and smooth movement (lubricate shaft with light oil if required)
✓ Check for excessive play and tightness of retaining nuts
KING PINS
♦ Lubricate if equipped with grease fitting with wheel bearing grease
STEERING ASSEMBLY
♦ Lubricate linkage, use wheel bearing grease
✓ Check bellows and pinion seal for damage or grease leakage
TIE RODS/LINKAGES
♦ Lubricate, use wheel bearing grease
REAR AXLE
✓ Check for unusual noise and mounting hardware
SERVICE BRAKES
♦ Clean and adjust, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
✓ Check brake shoe linings, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
ANNUAL - 250-300 HOURS (includes items listed in previous tables & the following)
FRONT WHEEL BEARINGS
REAR AXLE
♦ Adjust, see Technician’s Repair and Service Manual
♦ Pack, use wheel bearing grease
✓ Check lubricant, add lubricant (SAE 30 oil) as required
▲ Replace lubricant after 5 years
Fig. 17 Periodic Service Schedule
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 15
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
BATTERIES AND CHARGING
Safety
Always observe the following warnings when working on
or near batteries:
To prevent battery explosion that could result in
severe personal injury or
death, keep all smoking materials, open flame or
sparks away from the batteries.
Hydrogen gas is formed when charging batteries.
Do not charge batteries without adequate ventilation. A 4% concentration of hydrogen gas is
explosive.
Be sure that the key switch is off and all electrical
accessories are turned off before starting work on
vehicle.
Never disconnect a circuit under load at a battery
terminal.
Batteries are heavy. Use proper lifting techniques when moving them.
Always lift the battery with a commercially available battery lifting
device. Use care not to tip batteries
when removing or installing them;
spilled electrolyte can cause burns
and damage.
The electrolyte in a storage battery is an acid
solution which can cause severe burns to the skin
and eyes. Treat all electrolyte spills to the body
and eyes with extended flushing with clear water.
Contact a physician immediately.
Always wear a safety shield or approved
safety goggles when adding water or
charging batteries.
!
!
Any electrolyte spills should be neutralized with a
solution of 1/4 cup (60 ml) sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda) dissolved in 1 1/2 gallons (6 liters)
of water and flushed with water.
Overfilling batteries may result in electrolyte
being expelled from the battery during the charge
cycle. Expelled electrolyte may cause damage to
the vehicle and storage facility.
Aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant
must be used with extreme care. Insulate metal
container to prevent can from contacting battery
terminals which could result in an explosion.
Page 16
Wrap wrenches with vinyl
tape to prevent the possibility of a dropped wrench from
‘shorting out’ a battery,
which could result in an explosion and severe personal injury or death.
BATTERY
A battery is defined as two dissimilar metals immersed in
an acid. If the acid is absent or if the metals are not dissimilar, a battery has not been created. The batteries
most commonly used in these vehicles are lead acid.
A battery does not store electricity, but is able to produce
electricity as the result of a chemical reaction which
releases stored chemical energy in the form of electrical
energy. The chemical reaction takes place faster in warm
conditions and slower in cold conditions. Temperature is
important when conducting tests on a battery and test
results must be corrected to compensate for temperature
differences.
As a battery ages, it still performs adequately except that
its capacity is diminished. Capacity describes the time
that a battery can continue to provide its design amperes
from a full charge.
A battery has a maximum life, therefore good maintenance is designed to maximize the available life and
reduce the factors that can reduce the life of the battery.
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
Tool List
Qty. Required
Insulated wrench, 9/16" ...............................................1
Battery carrier ..............................................................1
Hydrometer ..................................................................1
Battery maintenance kit P/N 25587-G01 .....................1
At Each Charging Cycle
To reduce the possibility
of fire, never attach a
battery charger to a vehicle that is to be unattended beyond the normal charging cycle. Overcharging could cause damage to the
vehicle batteries and result in extreme overheating.
The charger should be checked after 24 hours and
unplugged after the charge cycle is complete.
!
!
Before charging the batteries, inspect the plug of the battery charger and vehicle receptacle housing for dirt or
debris.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Charge the batteries after each days use.
Monthly
• Inspect all wiring for fraying, loose terminations,
corrosion or deterioration of insulation.
• Check that the electrolyte level is correct and add
suitable water as required.
• Clean the batteries and wire terminations.
Over the life of the battery, a considerable amount of
water is consumed. It is important that the water used be
pure and free of contaminants that could reduce the life
of the battery by reducing the chemical reaction. The
water must be distilled or purified by an efficient filtration
system. Water that is not distilled should be analyzed
and if required, filtration installed to permit the water to
meet the requirements of the water purity table (Ref Fig.
19 on page 17).
Electrolyte Level and Water
The correct level of the electrolyte is 1/2" (13 mm) above
the plates in each cell (Ref Fig. 18 on page 17).
Impurity
Parts Per
Million
Color ............................................................................... Clear
Expansion
Space
1/4" to 3/8"
(6 to 10 mm)
Vent Cap
Suspended...................................................................... Trace
Gas Vent
Total Solids .......................................................................100
Calcium & Magnesium Oxides...........................................40
Vent
Iron......................................................................................5
Ammonia.............................................................................8
1/2" (13 mm)
Plates
Electrolyte level should be
at least 1/2" (13 mm) above
the plates and 1/4" to 3/8"
(6 to 10 mm) below vent
Fig. 18 Correct Electrolyte Level
This level will leave approximately 1/4" - 3/8" (6 - 10 mm)
of space between the electrolyte and the vent tube. The
electrolyte level is important since any portion of the
plates exposed to air will be ruined beyond repair. Of
equal importance is too much water which will result in
electrolyte being forced out of the battery due to gassing
and the increase in volume of the electrolyte that results
from the charging cycle.
Do not overfill batteries. The charging
cycle will expel electrolyte and result in
component damage.
A battery being charged will ‘gas’ with the majority of the
gassing taking place at the end of the charging cycle.
This gas is hydrogen which is lighter than air. Water and
sulfuric acid droplets will be carried out of the battery
vents by the hydrogen gas; however, this loss is minimal.
If the battery electrolyte level is too high, the electrolyte
will block the vent tube and the gas will force it out of the
vent tube and battery cap. The water will evaporate but
the sulfuric acid will remain where it can damage vehicle
components and the storage facility floor. Sulfuric acid
loss will weaken the concentration of acid within the electrolyte and reduce the life of the battery.
Organic & Volatile Matter ...................................................50
Nitrites.................................................................................5
Nitrates ..............................................................................10
Chloride ..............................................................................5
Fig. 19 Water Purity Table
Even if the water is colorless, odorless, tasteless and fit
for drinking, the water should be analyzed to see that it
does not exceed the impurity levels specified in the table.
Automatic watering devices such as the one included in
the E-Z-GO Battery Maintenance Kit (P/N 25587-G01)
can be used with an approved water source (Ref Fig. 20
on page 18). These watering devices are fast and accurate to use and maintain the correct electrolyte level
within the battery cells.
The watering device should only be used if the
electrolyte level is less than 1/2" (13 mm)
above top of plates.
Cleaning Batteries
When cleaning the outside of the batteries and terminals,
do not use a water hose without first spraying with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water to
neutralize any acid deposits.
Use of a water hose without first neutralizing any acid,
will move acid from the top of the batteries to another
area of the vehicle or storage facility where it will attack
the metal structure or the concrete/asphalt floor. After
hosing down the batteries, a residue will be left on the
batteries which is conductive and will contribute to the
discharge of the batteries.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 17
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Watering gun similar to the type included in the
E-Z-GO Battery Maintenance Kit
1 1/2 gallons
(6 liters)
Clear Water
1/4 Cup (60 ml)
Sodium Bicarbonate
(Baking Soda)
Valve consistently
fills to a
predetermined
level
Electrolyte
Level
Pure Water
Non Metalic
Wand
2 gallon (7.5 liter)
Garden Sprayer
Single Battery Cell
Fig. 20 Automatic Watering Gun
To prevent battery damage, be sure that
all battery caps are tightly installed.
The correct cleaning technique is to spray the top and
sides of the batteries with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water. This solution is best applied
with a garden type sprayer equipped with a non metallic
spray wand. The solution should consist of 1/4 cup (60
ml) of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) mixed with 1 1/2
gallons (6 liters) of clear water (Ref Fig. 21 on page 18).
In addition to the batteries, special attention should be
paid to metallic components adjacent to the batteries
which should also be sprayed with the sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) solution.
Allow the solution to sit for at least three minutes; use a
soft bristle brush or cloth to wipe the tops of the batteries
in order to remove any residue that could cause the self
discharge of the battery. Rinse the entire area with low
pressure clear water. All of the items required for complete battery cleaning and watering are contained in the
E-Z-GO Battery Maintenance Kit (P/N 25587-G01).
Cleaning should take place once a month or more often
under extreme conditions.
Prolonged Storage
The battery charger, controller and
other electronic devices need to be
disconnected since they will contribute to the premature
discharge of batteries.
During periods of storage, the batteries will need attention to keep them maintained and prevent discharge.
Page 18
Fig. 21 Preparing Acid Neutralizing Solution
In high temperatures the chemical reaction is faster,
while low temperatures cause the chemical reaction to
slow down. A vehicle that is stored at 90° F (32° C) will
lose .002 of specific gravity each day. If a fully charged
battery has a specific gravity of 1.275, and the battery is
allowed to sit unused, it will become partially discharged.
When it reaches 1.240, which it will do in less than
twenty days, it should be recharged. If a battery is left in
a discharged state, sulfating takes place on and within
the plates. This condition is not reversible and will cause
permanent damage to the battery. In order to prevent
damage, the battery should be recharged. A hydrometer
can be used to determine the specific gravity and therefore the state of charge of a battery.
In winter conditions, the battery must be fully charged to
prevent the possibility of freezing. (Ref Fig. 22 on page
19) A fully charged battery will not freeze in temperatures
above -75° F (-60° C). Although the chemical reaction is
slowed in cold temperatures, the battery must be stored
fully charged, and disconnected from any circuit that
could discharge the battery. For portable chargers, disconnect the charging plug from the vehicle receptacle.
For on-board chargers, disconnect the charging harness
from the batteries. The batteries must be cleaned and all
deposits neutralized and removed from the battery case
to prevent self discharge. The batteries should be tested
or recharged at thirty day minimum intervals.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
E
L
E
C
T
R
O
L
Y
T
E
T
E
M
P
E
R
A
T
U
R
E
O
F
+15
O
C
-9
BL+ to
Solenoid
Front of Vehicle
BL- to Bon ESC
To
Charger
+5 -15
-5 -21
-15 -26
+
+
+
-
+
-25 -32
-35 -37
-
-
-45 -43
-
-
+
-
-55 -48
-65 -54
+
-75 -60
-85 -65
-95 -71
1.100 1.140 1.180 1.220 1.260 1.300
1.120 1.160 1.200 1.240 1.280
SPECIFIC GRAVITY ELECTROLYTE FREEZING POINT
Fig. 22 Freezing Point of Electrolyte
Battery Installation
If the batteries have been cleaned and any acid in the
battery rack area neutralized, no corrosion to the battery
racks or surrounding area should be present. Any corrosion found should be immediately removed with a putty
knife and a wire brush. The area should be washed with
a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and
water and thoroughly dried before priming and painting
with a corrosion resistant paint.
The batteries should be placed into the battery racks and
the battery hold downs tightened to 45 - 55 in. lbs. (5 - 6
Nm) torque, to prevent movement but not tight enough to
cause distortion of the battery cases.
Inspect all wires and terminals. Clean any corrosion from
the battery terminals or the wire terminals with a solution
of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and brush clean if
required.
To prevent battery explo!
! sion that could result in
severe personal injury or
death, extreme care must be used with aerosol containers of battery terminal protectant. Insulate the
metal container to prevent the metal can from contacting battery terminals which could result in an
explosion.
Use care to connect the battery wires as shown. (Ref Fig.
23 on page 19) Tighten the battery post hardware to 60 70 in. lbs. (6 - 8 Nm) torque. Protect the battery terminals
and battery wire terminals with a commercially available
protective coating.
+
+
Fig. 23 Battery Connections
Battery Charging
The battery charger is designed to fully charge the battery set. If the batteries are severely deep cycled, some
automatic battery chargers contain an electronic module
that may not activate and the battery charger will not
function. Automatic chargers will determine the correct
duration of charge to the battery set and will shut off
when the battery set is fully charged. Always refer to the
instructions of the specific charger used.
Before charging, the following should be observed:
Do not overfill batteries. The charging
cycle will expel electrolyte and result in
component damage.
• The electrolyte level in all cells must be at the recommended level and cover the plates.
• The charging must take place in an area that is
well ventilated and capable of removing the hydrogen gas that is generated by the charging process.
A minimum of five air exchanges per hour is recommended.
• The charging connector components are in good
condition and free from dirt or debris.
• The charger connector is fully inserted into the
vehicle receptacle.
• The charger connector/cord set is protected from
damage and is located in an area to prevent injury
that may result from personnel running over or tripping over the cord set.
• The charger is automatically turned off during the
connect/disconnect cycle and therefore no electrical arc is generated at the DC plug/receptacle contacts.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 19
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
In some portable chargers there will be a rattle
present in the body of the DC plug. This rattle
is caused by an internal magnet contained within the charger
plug. The magnet is part of the interlock system that prevents
the vehicle from being driven when the charger plug is inserted
in the vehicle charging receptacle.
Bulb
Add to Float
Reading
AC Voltage
Battery charger output is directly related to the input voltage. If multiple vehicles are receiving an incomplete
charge in a normally adequate time period, low AC voltage could be the cause and the power company should
be consulted.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Subtract
from Float
Reading
In general, troubleshooting will be done for two distinct
reasons. First, a battery that performs poorly and is outside of the manufacturers specification should be identified in order to replace it under the terms of the
manufacturer’s warranty. Different manufacturers have
different requirements. Consult the battery manufacturer
or an E-Z-GO representative for specific requirements.
The second reason is to determine why a particular vehicle does not perform adequately. Performance problems
may result in a vehicle that runs slowly or in a vehicle that
is unable to operate for the time required.
A new battery must mature before it will develop its maximum capacity. Maturing may take up to 100 charge/discharge cycles. After the maturing phase, the older a
battery gets, the lower the capacity. The only way to
determine the capacity of a battery is to perform a load
test using a discharge machine.
A cost effective way to identify a poorly performing battery is to use a hydrometer to identify a battery in a set
with a lower than normal specific gravity. Once the particular cell or cells that are the problem are identified, the
suspect battery can be removed and replaced. At this
point there is nothing that can be done to salvage the
battery; however, the individual battery should be
replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type and
approximate age.
Hydrometer
A hydrometer (E-Z-GO P/N 50900-G1) is used to test the
state of charge of a battery cell (Ref Fig. 24 on page 20).
This is performed by measuring the density of the electrolyte, which is accomplished by measuring the specific
gravity of the electrolyte. The greater the concentration of
sulfuric acid, the more dense the electrolyte becomes.
The higher the density, the higher the state of charge.
Page 20
32
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
Float
1100
1125
1150
1175
1200
1225
Cylinder
1250
1275
1100
1125
1150
1300
1200
1225
1250
1275
1300
32
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
Weight
Thermometer
Fig. 24 Hydrometer
To prevent battery explosion that could result in
severe personal injury or
death, never insert a metal thermometer into a battery. Use a hydrometer with a built in thermometer
that is designed for testing batteries.
!
!
Specific gravity is the measurement of a liquid that is
compared to a baseline. The baseline is water which is
assigned a base number of 1.000. The concentration of
sulfuric acid to water in a new golf car battery is 1.280
which means that the electrolyte weighs 1.280 times the
weight of the same volume of water. A fully charged battery will test at 1.275 - 1.280 while a discharged battery
will read in the 1.140 range.
Do not perform a hydrometer test on a battery
that has just been watered. The battery must
go through at least one charge and discharge cycle in order to
permit the water to adequately mix with the electrolyte.
The temperature of the electrolyte is important since the
hydrometer reading must be corrected to 80° F (27° C).
High quality hydrometers are equipped with an internal
thermometer that will measure the temperature of the
electrolyte and will include a conversion scale to correct
the float reading. It is important to recognize that the
electrolyte temperature is significantly different from the
ambient temperature if the vehicle has been operated.
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Using A Hydrometer
1. Draw electrolyte into the hydrometer several times to
permit the thermometer to adjust to the electrolyte
temperature and note the reading. Examine the color
of the electrolyte. A brown or gray coloration indicates
a problem with the battery and is a sign that the battery is nearing the end of its life.
2. Draw the minimum quantity of electrolyte into the
hydrometer to permit the float to float freely without
contacting the top or bottom of the cylinder.
3. Hold the hydrometer in a vertical position at eye level
and note the reading where the electrolyte meets the
scale on the float.
4. Add or subtract four points (.004) to the reading for
every 10° F (6°C) the electrolyte temperature is
above or below 80° F (27° C). Adjust the reading to
conform with the electrolyte temperature, e.g., if the
reading indicates a specific gravity of 1.250 and the
electrolyte temperature is 90° F (32° C), add four
points (.004) to the 1.250 which gives a corrected
reading of 1.254. Similarly if the temperature was 70°
F (21°C), subtract four points (.004) from the 1.250
to give a corrected reading of 1.246 (Ref Fig. 25 on
page 21).
5. Test each cell and note the readings (corrected to 80°
F or 27° C). A variation of fifty points between any two
cell readings (example 1.250 - 1.200) indicates a
problem with the low reading cell(s).
Electrolyte
Temperature
˚F ˚C
160 71
150
66
140
60
130
54
120
49
110
43
100
38
90
32
80
27
70
21
60
16
50
10
40
4
30
–1
2
–7
10
–12
+.032
+.030
+.028
+.026
+.024
+.022
+.020
+.018
+.016
+.014
+.012
+.010
+.008
+.006
+.004
+.002
0
–.002
–.004
–.006
–.008
–.010
–.012
–.014
–.016
–.018
–.020
–.022
–.024
–.026
–.028
Electrolyte Temperature
Above 80˚ F (27˚ C)
Electrolyte temperature
90˚ F (32˚ C)
Hydrometer reading 1.250
1.250 + .004 = 1.254
corrected specific gravity
EXAMPLE #1:
EXAMPLE #2:
Electrolyte Temperature
Below 80˚ F (27˚ C)
Electrolyte temperature
70˚ F (21˚ C)
Hydrometer reading 1.250
1.250 - .004 = 1.246
corrected specific gravity
As a battery ages the specific gravity of the electrolyte
will decrease at full charge. This is not a reason to
replace the battery, providing all cells are within fifty
points of each other.
Since the hydrometer test is in response to a vehicle
exhibiting a performance problem, the vehicle should be
recharged and the test repeated. If the results indicate a
weak cell, the battery or batteries should be removed
and replaced with a good battery of the same brand, type
and approximate age.
Fig. 25 Hydrometer Temperature Correction
BATTERY CHARGER MAINTENANCE
Main Contact
The only maintenance required of the charger is the periodic cleaning of the DC connector auxiliary contact.
Auxiliary Contact
To clean the auxiliary contact, slide an emery board
between main contact and auxiliary contact located in the
hole of the charger plug nearest the rounded corners
(Ref Fig. 26 on page 21). Press emery board down to
apply pressure to the auxiliary contact and slide board in
and out of plug approximately 10 to 20 times, keeping
pressure applied to the auxiliary contact surface.
Fig. 26 Cleaning Auxiliary Contact in Charger Plug
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 21
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIERS & GOLF CAR
Read all of manual to become thoroughly familiar with this vehicle. Pay particular attention to all Notes, Cautions and Warnings
Notes:
Page 22
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 23
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
SHUTTLE 4
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL / CARGO CARRIER
WEIGHT (without batteries) ..................................................... 710 lbs. (322 kg)
TIRES (6 ply rated) .................................................................. 18 x 8.50 x 8
TIRE PRESSURE .................................................................... 18 - 22 psi (124 - 152 kPa)
LOAD CAPACITY (including operator, passengers,
cargo and accessories) ..............................1200 lbs. (544 kg)
CARGO BED............................................................................ 42.5 in. (108 cm) width
32 in. (80 cm) length
12 in. (31 cm) height
CHASSIS ................................................................................. Welded high yield strength tubular steel with Durashield™Powder Coat
paint
BODY & FINISH....................................................................... Durashield™ body of automotive quality injection molded TPE
(thermoplastic elastomer). Automotive color coat/clear coat finish
SAFETY ................................................................................... Dash mounted key switch, reverse warning indicator, ‘deadman’
accelerator control, integral handgrip on hip restraints, manual forward/
reverse selector and electric horn
LIGHTING PACKAGE .............................................................. Headlights, taillights, brake lights, optional turn signals
BRAKES (HYDRAULIC) ..........................................................Dual rear wheel hydraulic, self-adjusting drum brakes. Park brake.
FRONT SUSPENSION ............................................................ Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
REAR SUSPENSION...............................................................Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
STEERING............................................................................... Self-compensating single reduction rack and pinion
DASH PANEL........................................................................... Four drink holders of scuff resistant thermoplastic
SEATING.................................................................................. Formed, fabric-backed vinyl covers over cushion foam. Seating for two
occupants per seat
MOTOR.................................................................................... 48 volt DC high efficiency series wound, brazed armature, solid copper
windings. 3.0 hp (2.2 kw) at 3800 rpm
DRIVE TRAIN .......................................................................... Direct motor shaft connected to transaxle pinion shaft
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ........................................................... 48 volt DC, eight 6-volt deep cycle storage batteries
SPEED CONTROL .................................................................. Solid State continuously variable speed controller
CHARGER ............................................................................... Fully automatic line compensating, 48 volt output
TRANSAXLE............................................................................ High efficiency differential with helical gears, 14.7:1 ratio
SPEED ..................................................................................... 12 - 15 mph (19 - 24 kph)
* Specifications subject to change without notice
Page 24
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
SHUTTLE 6
ELECTRIC POWERED PERSONNEL CARRIER
WEIGHT (without batteries) ..................................................... 710 lbs. (322 kg)
TIRES (6 ply rated) .................................................................. 18 x 8.50 x 8
TIRE PRESSURE .................................................................... 18 - 22 psi (124 - 152 kPa)
LOAD CAPACITY (including operator, passengers,
cargo and accessories) .............................. 1200 lbs. (544 kg)
CHASSIS ................................................................................. Welded high yield strength tubular steel with Durashield™ Powder
Coat paint
BODY & FINISH....................................................................... Durashield™ body of automotive quality injection molded TPE
(thermoplastic elastomer). Automotive color coat/clear coat finish
SAFETY ................................................................................... Dash mounted key switch, reverse warning indicator, ‘deadman’
accelerator control, integral handgrip on hip restraints, manual forward/
reverse selector and electric horn
LIGHTING PACKAGE.............................................................. Headlights, taillights, brake lights, optional turn signals
BRAKES (HYDRAULIC) .......................................................... Dual rear wheel hydraulic, self-adjusting drum brakes. Park brake.
FRONT SUSPENSION ............................................................ Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
REAR SUSPENSION .............................................................. Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
STEERING .............................................................................. Self-compensating single reduction rack and pinion
DASH PANEL .......................................................................... Four drink holders of scuff resistant thermoplastic
SEATING ................................................................................. Formed, fabric-backed vinyl covers over cushion foam. Seating for two
occupants per seat.
MOTOR.................................................................................... 48 volt DC high efficiency series wound, brazed armature, solid copper
windings. 3.0 hp (2.2 kw) at 3800 rpm
DRIVE TRAIN .......................................................................... Direct motor shaft connected to transaxle pinion shaft
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ........................................................... 48 volt DC, eight 6-volt deep cycle storage batteries
SPEED CONTROL .................................................................. Solid State continuously variable speed controller
CHARGER ............................................................................... Fully automatic line compensating, 48 volt output
TRANSAXLE ........................................................................... High efficiency differential with helical gears, 14.7:1 ratio
SPEED..................................................................................... 12 - 15 mph (19 - 24 kph)
* Specifications subject to change without notice
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 25
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
TE5
ELECTRIC POWERED 5 PASSENGER GOLF CAR
WEIGHT (without batteries) ..................................................... 710 lbs. (322 kg)
TIRES (6 ply rated) .................................................................. 18 x 8.50 x 8
TIRE PRESSURE .................................................................... 18 - 22 psi (124 - 152 kPa)
LOAD CAPACITY (including operator, passengers,
cargo and accessories) ..............................1200 lbs. (544 kg)
CHASSIS ................................................................................. Welded high yield strength tubular steel with Durashield™ Powder
Coat paint
BODY & FINISH....................................................................... Durashield™ body of automotive quality injection molded TPE
(thermoplastic elastomer). Automotive color coat/clear coat finish
SAFETY ................................................................................... Dash mounted key switch, reverse warning indicator, ‘deadman’
accelerator control, integral handgrip on hip restraints, manual forward/
reverse selector and electric horn
LIGHTING PACKAGE .............................................................. Optional Headlights, taillights, brake lights, turn signals
BRAKES (HYDRAULIC) ..........................................................Dual rear wheel hydraulic, self-adjusting drum brakes. Park brake.
FRONT SUSPENSION ............................................................ Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
REAR SUSPENSION...............................................................Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
STEERING............................................................................... Self-compensating single reduction rack and pinion
DASH PANEL........................................................................... Four drink holders of scuff resistant thermoplastic
SEATING.................................................................................. Formed, fabric-backed vinyl covers over cushion foam. Seating for two
occupants per front seat, three occupants per rear seat
MOTOR.................................................................................... 48 volt DC high efficiency series wound, brazed armature, solid copper
windings. 3.0 hp (2.2 kw) at 3800 rpm
DRIVE TRAIN .......................................................................... Direct motor shaft connected to transaxle pinion shaft
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ........................................................... 48 volt DC, eight 6-volt deep cycle storage batteries
SPEED CONTROL .................................................................. Solid State continuously variable speed controller
CHARGER ............................................................................... Fully automatic line compensating, 48 volt output
TRANSAXLE............................................................................ High efficiency differential with helical gears, 14.7:1 ratio
SPEED ..................................................................................... 12 - 15 mph (19 - 24 kph)
* Specifications subject to change without notice
Page 26
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
TE5 PDS
ELECTRIC POWERED 5 PASSENGER GOLF CAR
WEIGHT (without batteries) ..................................................... 710 lbs. (322 kg)
TIRES (6 ply rated) .................................................................. 18 x 8.50 x 8
TIRE PRESSURE .................................................................... 18 - 22 psi (124 - 152 kPa)
LOAD CAPACITY (including operator, passengers,
cargo and accessories) .............................. 1200 lbs. (544 kg)
CHASSIS ................................................................................. Welded high yield strength tubular steel with Durashield™ Powder
Coat paint
BODY & FINISH....................................................................... Durashield™ body of automotive quality injection molded TPE
(thermoplastic elastomer). Automotive color coat/clear coat finish
SAFETY ................................................................................... Dash mounted key switch, reverse warning indicator, ‘deadman’
accelerator control, integral handgrip on hip restraints, dash mounted
manual forward/reverse selector and foot operated electric horn
LIGHTING PACKAGE.............................................................. Optional Headlights, taillights, brake lights, turn signals
BRAKES (HYDRAULIC) .......................................................... Dual rear wheel hydraulic, self-adjusting drum brakes, seat console
mounted hand operated park brake.
FRONT SUSPENSION ............................................................ Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
REAR SUSPENSION .............................................................. Leaf springs with hydraulic shock absorbers
STEERING .............................................................................. Self-compensating single reduction rack and pinion
DASH PANEL .......................................................................... Four drink holders of scuff resistant thermoplastic
SEATING ................................................................................. Formed, fabric-backed vinyl covers over cushion foam. Seating for two
occupants per front, three occupants per rear seat
MOTOR.................................................................................... 48 volt DC high efficiency shunt wound, brazed armature, solid copper
windings with speed sensor. 3.0 hp (2.2 kw) at 3800 rpm
DRIVE TRAIN .......................................................................... Direct motor shaft connected to transaxle pinion shaft
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ........................................................... 48 volt DC, eight 6-volt deep cycle storage batteries
SPEED CONTROL .................................................................. Solid State continuously variable speed controller
CHARGER ............................................................................... Fully automatic line compensating, 48 volt output
TRANSAXLE ........................................................................... High efficiency differential with helical gears, 14.7:1 ratio
SPEED..................................................................................... 13 mph (21 kph)
* Specifications subject to change without notice
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 27
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Lowest Clearance
At Differential
4.25 in. (10.8 cm)
(All Models)
SHUTTLE 4
SHUTTLE 6
93.5 in. (237 cm)
122 in. (310 cm)
132.5 in. (337 cm)
134.5 in. (342 cm)
46.5 in.
(118 cm)
TE5
93.5 in. (237 cm)
122 in. (310 cm)
46.5 in.
(118 cm)
Fig. 27 Vehicle Dimensions
Page 28
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
67 in.
(170 cm)
49 in.
(123 cm)
Front
33.5 in. (85 cm)
RECOMMENDED MAX SIDE TILT
25% or 14˚ MAX
Rear
38 in. (97 cm)
RECOMMENDED
MAX RAMP GRADE
25% or 14˚ MAX
Fig. 28 Vehicle Dimensions and Incline Specifications
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Page 29
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
TURNING
CLEARANCE
DIAMETER
29 ft. (8.8 m)
TE5 SHOWN
94 in.
(240 cm)
INTERSECTING
AISLE CLEARANCE
94 in.
(240 cm)
Fig. 29 Vehicle Turning Clearance
Page 30
Owner’s Manual and Service Guide
Read and understand the following warnings
before attempting to operate the vehicle:
!
!
To prevent personal
injury or death, observe
the following:
When vehicle is to be left unattended, engage parking
(PARK) brake, move direction selector to neutral, turn
key to ‘OFF’ position and remove key.
Drive vehicle only as fast as terrain and safety
considerations allow. Consider the terrain and traffic
conditions. Consider environmental factors which
effect the terrain and the ability to control the vehicle.
Avoid driving fast down hill. Sudden stops or change
of direction may result in a loss of control. Use service
brake to control speed when traveling down an incline.
Use extra care and reduced speed when driving on
poor surfaces, such as loose dirt, wet pavement,
gravel, etc.
Read and understand the following text and
warnings before attempting to service vehicle:
In any product, components will eventually fail to perform
properly as the result of normal use, age, wear or abuse.
It is virtually impossible to anticipate all possible component failures or the manner in which each component
may fail.
Be aware that a vehicle requiring repair indicates that the
vehicle is no longer functioning as designed and therefore should be considered potentially hazardous. Use
extreme care when working on any vehicle. When diagnosing, removing or replacing any components that are
not operating correctly, take time to consider the safety of
yourself and others around you should the component
move unexpectedly.
Some components are heavy, spring loaded, highly corrosive, explosive or may produce high amperage or
reach high temperatures. Battery acid and hydrogen gas
could result in serious bodily injury to the technician/
mechanic and bystanders if not treated with the utmost
caution. Be careful not to place hands, face, feet or body
in a location that could expose them to injury should an
unforeseen situation occur.
All travel should be directly up or down hills.
Use extra care when driving the vehicle across an
incline.
Stay in designated areas and avoid steep slopes. Use
the parking brake whenever the vehicle is parked.
Keep feet, legs, hands and arms inside vehicle at all
times.
Avoid extremely rough terrain.
Check area behind the vehicle before operating in
reverse.
!
!
Before working on the
vehicle,
remove
all
jewelry (rings, watch,
necklaces, etc.).
Be sure no loose clothing or hair can contact moving
parts.
Use care not to touch hot objects.
Raise rear of vehicle and support on jack stands
before attempting to run or adjust powertrain.
Make sure the direction selector is in correct position
before attempting to start the vehicle.
Wear eye protection when working on or around the
vehicle. In particular, use care when working around
batteries, using solvents or compressed air.
Slow down before and during turns. All turns should
be executed at reduced speed.
Hydrogen gas is formed when charging batteries. Do
not charge batteries without adequate ventilation.
Always bring vehicle to a complete stop before
shifting the direction selector.
Do not permit open flame or anyone to smoke in an
area that is being used for charging batteries. A
concentration of 4% hydrogen gas or more is
explosive.
See GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS for standard vehicle
load and seating capacity.
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.
P.O. Box 388 Augusta, Georgia 30903-0388 USA
Inside USA Phone: 1-800-241-5855, FAX: 1-800-448-8124
Outside USA Phone: 010-1-706-798-4311, FAX: 010-1-706-771-4609
Copyrighted Material
This manual may not be reproduced in whole or
in part without the express permission of
E-Z-GO Division of Textron Inc.
Technical Communications Department