Cub Cadet 5000 Series Service manual

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Service Manual
Domestic Series 5000 Compact Tractor
NOTE: These materials are prepared for use by trained technicians who are experienced in the service and repair of equipment of the
kind described in this publication, and are not intended for use by untrained or inexperienced individuals. Such individuals should seek
the assistance of an authorized service technician or dealer. Read, understand, and follow all directions when working on this equipment. This includes the contents of the Operators Manual, which came with your equipment. No liability can be accepted for any inaccuracies or omission in this publication, although every care has been take to make it as complete and accurate as possible. The right
is reserved to make changes at any time to this document without prior notice and without incurring an obligation to make such
changes to previously published documents. All information contained in this publication is based on product information available at
the time of publication. Photographs and illustrations used in this publication are for reference use only and may not depict actual
model and component parts.
MTD Products Inc. - Product Training and Education Department
FORM NUMBER - 769-01633
12/2004
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 - Hydraulics
Standard Hydraulic Systems on the Domestic Series 5000: Orientation ......................................1
Hydrostatic Drive: Basic Operation ...............................................................................................4
External Checks ............................................................................................................................6
Best Practices: Hydraulic Systems ................................................................................................8
Flow and Pressure Tests: Hydrostatic Drive .................................................................................8
Auxiliary Pump ............................................................................................................................12
Steering Pump and Cylinder .......................................................................................................14
Hydraulic Lift Cylinder and Control Valve ....................................................................................18
Loader Valve ...............................................................................................................................22
Component Breakdown: Auxiliary Pump .....................................................................................25
Component Breakdown: Steering Unit ........................................................................................26
CHAPTER 2 - MFD
About This Section: .....................................................................................................................31
Identifying the MFD: ....................................................................................................................31
Domestic Series 5000 MFD ........................................................................................................31
MFD Removal: Preparation .........................................................................................................33
Removal ......................................................................................................................................34
MFD Installation ..........................................................................................................................36
In-Frame Repairs: Drop Axle Service ..........................................................................................37
In Frame Repairs: Drop Axle Cover ............................................................................................38
In-Frame Repairs: Drop-Axle Removal .......................................................................................40
Bench Repairs: Drop Axle and Kingpin Housing Assemblies .....................................................42
Bench Repair: Axles and Differential. ..........................................................................................46
Torque Specifications ..................................................................................................................60
CHAPTER 3 - Rear Axle
Reason for Change: ....................................................................................................................61
Preparation: .................................................................................................................................61
Axle Assembly .............................................................................................................................63
Install the New Axle. ....................................................................................................................64
CHAPTER 4 - Deck Adapter Kit - 190-830-100 65
About This Section: ..................................................................................................................... 65
Preparation and Brackets: ...........................................................................................................65
Lift Shaft and Arms: .....................................................................................................................66
Hanger to Deck Connections ......................................................................................................67
Mating the Deck to the Tractor ....................................................................................................68
CHAPTER 5 - Dash and Steering Pump
About This Section: .....................................................................................................................71
Dash Panel Removal ...................................................................................................................71
The Dash Panel ...........................................................................................................................75
Steering Shaft and Pump: Sauer .................................................................................................77
Steering Shaft and Pump: Ross ..................................................................................................79
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CHAPTER 6 - Electrical System
Similarities and Differences..........................................................................................................81
Components .................................................................................................................................82
Electric Clutch and Fuel Pump .....................................................................................................90
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Domestic Series 5000 Hydraulics
Domestic Series 5000 Hydraulics
1.
1.4.
STANDARD HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS ON THE
DOMESTIC SERIES 5000: ORIENTATION
NOTE: Subsections 1 and 2 of the Domestic
Series 5000 Hydraulics portion of this manual
provide a basic orientation to the system. Subsection 3 and those that follow it contain specific
test procedures.
The hydrostatic drive filter (P/N: BS-492932S) is
located on the return manifold, atop the transmission. It is accessible through the opening
beneath the seat.
See Figure 1.4.
BDU-21L-400
Charge pressure tube
from filter to hydrostat
NOTE: Hydraulic diagrams are contained in an
appendix to this section.
1.1.
The transmission housing acts as a reservoir for
all of the hydraulic systems on the tractor: hydrostatic drive pump, hydrostatic steering system,
lift cylinder, and accessories.
1.2.
Fluid: the transmission and hydraulic system are
filled with 5.0 gallons (19.0 L) of Cub Cadet
Hydraulic Drive System Fluid Plus (P/N: 7373120 1Qt., 737-3121 1Gal.).
1.3.
Charge pressure tube
Hydrostatic
from aux. pump
drive filter
to filter
Figure 1.4
Filtration: The hydraulic system filter (P/N:7230405) is located on a boss on the front surface of
the transmission housing, adjacent to the midmount, 2000 R.P.M. P.T.O. shaft.
See Figure 1.3.
NOTE: Other than sharing a reservoir, the
hydrostatic drive operates independently of the
rest of the hydraulic system.
1.5.
Hydraulic
system filter
The hydrostatic drive is a Hydrogear model
BDU-21L-400. It relies on the auxiliary pump to
produce charge pressure. The auxiliary pump
draws hydraulic fluid up the suction pipe from
the base of the transmission housing.
See Figure 1.5.
Return tube
Suction tube
(feeds auxiliary pump)
Figure 1.3
Auxiliary
pump
Suction
tube
Figure 1.5
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1.6.
The steering and lift cylinder are also powered
by the a Sauer-Danfoss SNP 1/2.6 S auxiliary
pump.
1.10. The control valve directs fluid pressure to a single-acting hydraulic cylinder that lifts the threepoint lift arms.
1.7.
The steering unit, located in the dash pedestal
contains it’s own back-up gerotor charge pump
that will enable steering control when the engine
is not running. See Figure 1.7.
1.11. The hydraulic fluid flow is as follows:
1.12. Through the pick-up tube from the transmission
sump and filter, to the auxiliary pump.
1.13. Under pressure from the auxiliary pump the fluid
goes to the hydrostatic drive and to the “P” port
on the steering unit. See Figure 1.13.
L port
(pressure to
turn left)
Steering
unit
P port
(pressure
from
pump)
T port
(returns fluid
to transmission)
Figure 1.7
1.8.
1.9.
R port
(pressure to
turn right)
The steering unit directs fluid pressure to one
end of the double-acting differential steering cylinder while allowing it to return from the other
end of the cylinder in order to provide steering
action.
E port
(pressure
tolift valve)
Figure 1.13
1.14. The steering unit distributes pressure to the
steering cylinder according to the position of the
steering wheel. Left turn input from the steering
wheel forces fluid out the port labeled “L” and
allows displaced fluid to return through the port
labeled “R”.
The lift cylinder is operated by a control valve
under the right rear fender. See Figure 1.9.
Lift control valve
NOTE: The power steering unit is first in line,
and has priority over the rest of the system.
1.15. For left turns, the fluid flows from the L port to
the base end of the steering cylinder. This
causes the ram to extend, turning the wheels to
the left.
1.16. The steering cylinder is double-acting: As the
piston is forced down the length of the cylinder
by hydraulic pressure from the L port, fluid on
the ram side of the piston is displaced, returning
through the R port.
Auxiliary pump
Figure 1.9
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1.22. From the E port, fluid will travel to the lift control
valve. See Figure 1.22.
1.17. The process is reversed for right turns.
See Figure 1.17.
Pressure from L port
(left turn)
Pressure from R port
(right turn)
Pressure from E port
Steering cylinder
Figure 1.17
Figure 1.22
1.18. From the steering system, the fluid may follow
one of two return paths:
1.23. The fluid pressure that comes out of the E port
goes to the outboard port of the lift control valve.
1.19. The fluid may pass through the T port, to the
return manifold. See Figure 1.19.
1.24. The lift control valve directs pressure to the single-acting lift cylinder through the elbow on the
bottom of the valve when operator control input
directs it to do so. See Figure 1.24.
Fluid return from
lift valve
Pressure to lift
control valve
Charge
pressure
(30 PSI)
30 PSI
check
valve
Pressure to
lift cylinder
Return via
return manifold
Lift
valve
Direct return
(on down-stroke)
Fluid return
from T port
Figure 1.19
Figure 1.24
1.20. From the return manifold, the fluid may be
directed through the hydrostatic drive filter, to
provide charge pressure to the hydrostatic drive.
1.25. Fluid not required to power the lift cylinder will be
continuously directed back to the transmission
through the lower inboard port (forward facing
elbow) via the return manifold.
1.21. Pressure is maintained to the filter and hydrostatic drive by a spring loaded check valve. The
check valve in this application acts to maintain at
least 30 PSI (2.07 Bars) of hydraulic pressure in
the system. Above 30 PSI, it allows fluid to
return to the reservoir (transmission housing).
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1.26. When the tractor operator moves the control
lever forward to lower the three point hitch, the
lift control valve allows fluid to escape from the
lift cylinder as the cylinder retracts under the
weight of any accessories supported by the
hitch.
1.27. Increased fluid volume beyond normal return
flow rate is generated when the lift arms are lowered. This flow is exhausted through the top
inboard port (rearward facing elbow) back into
the transmission housing via a separate return
tube. See Figure 1.27.
2.
HYDROSTATIC DRIVE: BASIC OPERATION
2.1.
The input shaft to the BDU-21L-400 turns a shaft
that passes completely through the housing of
the hydro., driving an engine speed input shaft in
the transmission.
2.2.
The input shaft drives the auxiliary hydraulic
pump and the P.T.O. They are driven at relatively constant engine speed, rather than in relation to ground speed. See Figure 2.2.
PTO clutch
Pinion gears driving
PTO shaft
auxiliary pump
Direct return
from lift valve
Traction drive
pinion
Figure 2.2
Figure 1.27
2.3.
The lower part of the pump contains a fixed displacement axial piston hydraulic motor. The
motor is driven by the output of the variable displacement pump.
2.4.
The hydro. control arm (scissors bracket) moves
a swash plate that controls the output of the
pump.
Hydro
control
arm
Set screw
Scissors bracket
Figure 2.4
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2.5.
: tilting the swash plate in one way causes the
variable displacement pump to drive fluid
through the fixed displacement pump in one
direction. See Figure 2.5.
Variable displacement pump
2.6.
Tilting the swash plate the other way causes the
variable displacement pump to drive fluid
through the fixed displacement pump in the
opposite direction. See Figure 2.6.
Fixed displacement
motor
Input shaft
Swash plate
angle
Fixed displacement
motor
Swash
plate
Pump
block
Pistons
Pistons
Swash plate
angle
Motor block
Figure 2.6
Figure 2.5
NOTE: In figure 2.5, the pistons in the variable
displacement pump are alternately pressed into
the bores, and then released from bores of the
rotating pump block by the tilt of the swash plate.
2.7.
When the swash plate is flat, the pump pistons
do not move up and down, no fluid is displaced
and no power is transmitted to the fixed displacement pump.
•
On the right side of the pump block in figure 2.5,
the pistons are down.
2.8.
•
The pistons are extended on the left side of the
pump block. They are forced up by springs contained in the pistons.
The auxiliary pump maintains a supply of pressurized fluid (charge pressure) to the variable
displacement pump to feed and lubricate the
pump.
2.9.
The charge check valves direct the flow of pressurized fluid to the ports that feed the pistons of
the variable displacement pump.
•
When driving forward, fluid flows into the variable displacement pump through one set of
ports, and out through a second set.
•
When driving backwards, the flow is reversed.
•
One check valve opens and the other one
closes, depending on the direction of fluid flow.
•
If the hydro. is in “neutral”, lubrication is provided
to this spinning (but not pumping) pump and
motor blocks through separate channels in the
housing.
•
This action causes the pistons to pump fluid in
one direction.
•
The further the swash plate is tilted, the greater
the movement of the pistons as the pump block
rotates.
•
As the travel of the pistons is increased, the displacement of the pump is increased, and more
fluid is pumped.
•
The more fluid is pumped, the faster the fixed
displacement motor is driven.
2.10. If the hydrostatic drive is not performing correctly, begin diagnosing with simple things that
can be seen with minimal disassembly.
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3.4.
3.
EXTERNAL CHECKS
3.1.
If the transmission creeps, check the neutral
control adjustment. See Figure 3.1.
Neutral return bracket
Confirm that full travel is achieved in the reverse
direction. See Figure 3.4.
Pedal linkage: Reverse
Move shoulder bolt
in slot to establish
neutral
Hydro linkage:
Reverse
Note: gap
Brake
linkage
Figure 3.4
Figure 3.1
3.5.
NOTE: Complete neutral control adjustment procedures can be found in the 2004 Cub Cadet
Technical C.D.
3.2.
Brake linkage:
brakes applied
If the tractor fails to achieve full ground speed,
check the adjustment of the linkages that control
the hydrostatic drive system.
Pedal linkage:
Neutral
NOTE: Advertised maximum ground speed
High range forward:8 MPH (12.9 KPH)
Low range forward: 4 MPH (6.44 KPH)
High range reverse:4 MPH (6.44 KPH)
Low range reverse: 2 MPH (3.22 KPH)
3.3.
Note:
gap
Confirm that full travel is achieved in the forward
direction. See Figure 3.3.
Pedal linkage Forward
If the brake and drive pedals “fight” with each
other, the drive control rod is out of adjustment.
See Figure 3.5.
Pin locks linkage
Brake linkage
Drive control rod
Figure 3.5
Hydro linkage:
Forward
NOTE: Isolate the hydrostatic drive unit from the
linkage, and confirm the correct adjustment of
the neutral return before adjusting the linkage.
NOTE: After correct neutral return adjustment is
established, adjust the ferrule on the drive control rod so that it rests lightly against the front
edge of the slot that it fits into when the parking
brake is engaged.
Note:
gap
Rod pulls hydro linkage
Figure 3.3
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3.6.
If the tractor fails to achieve normal ground
speed, and the hydro pump emits an unusual
amount of noise, check for brake drag:
•
Confirm that the neutral return and hydro control
linkages are correctly adjusted.
•
With the tractor on a smooth, firm, level surface,
place the gear selector in neutral, release the
parking brake, and attempt to push the tractor.
•
If the tractor does not roll with a reasonable
amount of effort, check the brakes for drag.
•
The left and right brakes can be checked individually by jacking-up the rear of the tractor and
attempting to rotate the rear wheels. Leave the
transmission in neutral.
•
If either or both brakes drag, confirm that the
linkage moves firmly and is properly adjusted.
•
If the linkages are properly adjusted, and brake
drag is still present, check the pull-off springs on
the brake calipers.
•
•
3.8.
Check the fluid at sight glass gauge on the back
of the transmission. Check the level, and compare the fluid to a sample of Cub Cadet Hydraulic Drive System Fluid Plus. Top-up or replace
the fluid as necessary.
See Figure 3.8.
Sight glass
Fill plug
Suction line feeding
auxiliary pump
Figure 3.8
Bear in mind that both brake calipers act on a
common cross-shaft within the transmission.
With the rear wheels off the ground differential
action will still occur when the brakes are
applied, unless the differential lock is applied.
3.9.
Replace the hydrostatic filter if there is any question of it’s condition.
3.10. Visually inspect the hydraulic system filter and
the suction tube that feeds fluid to the auxiliary
pump from the sump of the transmission. If it is
kinked or crushed, replace it. See Figure 3.10.
Look for blueing on the brake rotors and freedom of movement when the brakes are
released.
NOTE: Complete brake adjustment procedures
can be found in the 2004 Cub Cadet Technical
C.D.
3.7.
If there is no drive at all, confirm whether the
problem lies in the hydro or elsewhere.
•
With the engine running, confirm that the PTO
operates when it is turned-on. This confims that
the input shaft is turning.
•
On smooth, firm, level ground, with the engine
turned-off and the parking brake released:
•
Place the gear selector in high range and
attempt to push the tractor. It should not roll.
•
Place the gear selector in low range and attempt
to push the tractor. It should not roll.
•
If the tractor rolls, the problem is gear-related.
•
Place the gear selector in neutral and attempt to
push the tractor. It should roll. If it does not, the
problem may be gear or brake related.
Hydraulic filter
Suction tube
to auxiliary
pump
Figure 3.10
NOTE: Drain the transmission fluid before
removing the suction tube.
3.11. Check that the set screw holding the control arm
to the hydro control shaft has not backed-out,
worn, or sheared.
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4.
5.
BEST PRACTICES: HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS
NOTE: TESTS All hydraulic tests should be
done with the fluid at normal operating temperature, and the engine at normal operating speed.
In practical terms, normal operating temperature
means that the tractor should be operated (if not
disabled) for about 5 minutes before testing in
normal temperate climates. If the tractor has
been sitting outside for a week during February
in Green Bay, Wisconsin, it is advisable to store
the tractor in a heated shop for 12 hours before
testing. Normal operating speed is 3,000RPM.
NOTE: The fenders have been removed from
the tractor for the sake of photographic clarity.
The test procedure described in this section can
be performed without removing the fenders.
NOTE: It will be necessary to remove the seat.
NOTE: The hydrostatic drive can be removed
from the tractor from beneath without removing
the fenders.
NOTE: CLEANLINESS It is very important to
keep dirt out of hydraulic systems.
•
Cleaning the areas around any joint to be disconnected, or component to be removed is
advisable.
•
Contaminated fluid should be disposed of properly, not re-used.
•
Tools and work benches used for work on
hydraulic systems should also be kept clean.
•
Catch pans beneath work will ease clean-up.
•
CAUTION: High pressure hydraulic leaks can
be dangerous.
•
Wear eye protection while performing tests.
•
Do not operate any equipment with obvious
damage to parts such as hoses.
•
Do not disconnect any fittings that may be under
pressure. Turn-off the engine and operate the
circuit to relieve pressure.
•
FLOW AND PRESSURE TESTS:
HYDROSTATIC DRIVE
5.1.
If the problem is not revealed by any of the
external checks, check the charge pressure.
5.2.
Clean the area surrounding the charge pressure
port immediately to the left of the feed tube from
the filter. The plug to the right is not easily
accessible.
5.3.
Remove the plug using a 1/4” allen wrench.
5.4.
Install a pressure gauge capable of reading 200
PSI (13.80 Bars) in the port that the plug was
removed from. See Figure 5.4.
200 PSI gauge
High
pressure
gauge
Charge pressure port
Remember that anything (front-end loaders,
backhoe buckets, three-point hitches, etc....) that
is supported by hydraulic pressure will be subject to gravitational force when that pressure is
relieved.
Figure 5.4
NOTE: Sealants
•
•
•
NOTE: Fitting size: 3/8” ORFS
O-ring fittings require no sealant, though light
lubrication with the fluid used in the system is
sometimes helpful.
5.5.
Teflon tape is to be avoided. “Flash” from the
tape can dislodge, blocking valves and damaging pumps.
Confirm that no unsafe conditions will be created
by starting the engine or operating the drive system before performing the test.
5.6.
Place the High/Low/Neutral gear selector in neutral, and set the parking brake.
NOTE: Priming
5.7.
Start the engine and allow the fluid to warm up
briefly.
When a new hydrostatic drive is installed, turn
the input shaft at low speed until charge pressure builds to avoid immediate failure on initial
start-up.
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5.8.
The charge pressure should read at least 30 PSI
(2.07 Bars) @ 1,200 RPM. See Figure 5.8.
200 PSI gauge
5.11. If the charge pressure is good, but drive has
been lost in one direction only, the corresponding charge check valve may not be working.
High pressure gauge
•
There is a charge check valve located in each
circuit: one for forward, one for reverse.
•
These check valves enable the charge pump to
provide charge oil to the side of the circuit that
has the lowest pressure, while sealing-off the
side that has higher pressure.
•
The one on the left side maintains pressure in
the forward circuit, the one on the right side
maintains pressure in the reverse circuit.
5.12. The charge check valves can be removed using
a 5/8” wrench. See Figure 5.12.
Figure 5.8
5.9.
As the RPM is increased to the 3,000 RPM, the
pressure may increase somewhat. If pressure
goes down as engine speed increases, turn-off
the engine and determine the cause.
5.10. After confirming that the supply to the pump is
good, low pressure or a complete lack of pressure at this port indicates:
•
The auxiliary pump that is not working.
•
Pressure from the auxiliary pump is not reaching
the charge port on the hydrostatic drive. The
steering unit may not be transferring pressure as
designed, or the return manifold check valve
may be failing to maintain 30 PSI (2.07 Bars).
•
O-ring seal
Charge check
valve cap
Figure 5.12
NOTE: The one on the right side (reverse) is
easy to reach. The one on the left side (forward)
can not be removed in the tractor. It may be
removed for inspection on the bench.
Pressure is being lost within the hydrostatic
drive, possibly because of a malfunctioning system relief valve.
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5.16. With the engine at a minimum speed of 1,200
RPM, fluid flow of roughly 2 GPM (7.60 LPM)
should register on the meter. See Figure 5.16.
5.13. When removed, each charge relief valve comes
out as a cartridge. The light compression spring
provides the check valve function. The heavy
compression spring provides system relief. System relief comes into play in the event of a drive
system overload. See Figure 5.13.
Light compression spring
(check valve function)
Heavy compression
spring (relief function)
Figure 5.16
Charge check valve cap
NOTE: No hydraulically powered systems
should be in motion during this test. The steering and lift cylinder should be stationary. Confirm that the lift control valve is not in the down
position.
Figure 5.13
5.14. The output of the variable displacement pump is
dependent upon the performance of the check
valves.
5.17. Conclusion: If flow is present, but there is no
pressure, as determined by the 200 PSI gauge,
then the auxiliary pump is producing flow, the
steering unit is passing that flow along to the
return manifold through the T port, but pressure
is being lost in the return circuit. The most likely
culprit is the return circuit check valve.
5.15. The presence of fluid flow from the auxiliary
pump, via the steering unit can be confirmed by
installing a flow meter in place of the tube
between the filter and the top port on the hydrostatic drive. See Figure 5.15.
Flow and pressure test
kit in charge pressure line
between filter and hydrostatic drive unit
5.18. Conclusion: If there is neither flow nor pressure, either there is none reaching the return circuit, or it is being spilled-off through a path that
offers lower resistance.
Figure 5.15
•
The lift control valve is the only other possible
outlet from the return circuit. Lift control valve
failure in this mode would be highly unusual. If
the lift control valve operates normally, this issue
can be eliminated from consideration.
•
To discern if the auxiliary pump is functioning,
operate other hydraulic systems. If the steering
and the lift cylinder for the three point hitch fail to
operate, it is safe to assume that the auxiliary
pump is not producing pressure.
•
The pressure that operates the lift cylinder
comes from one of two possible return paths
from the steering unit (E port). The charge pressure for the hydrostatic drive comes from the
10
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other (T port). If there is pressure to the steering
unit, at least one return path will have pressure.
5.21. If any mechanical problem is found with the
check valve, it is to be replaced as a unit. Individual service components are not available
through Cub Cadet. See Figure 5.21.
5.19. The return circuit check valve maintains a minimum pressure given sufficient flow. It does not
control the maximum pressure in the system: it
is a check valve, not a relief valve.
See Figure 5.19.
Fluid return from
T port
Light
compression
spring
30 PSI
Check valve
Socket head
plug with
O-ring seal
Fluid return from lift valve
Figure 5.21
Figure 5.19
5.20. The core of the valve can be removed for
inspection. The nut and set screw are not a
means of adjusting pressure. See Figure 5.20.
Hydrostatic filter
Check valve core
Figure 5.20
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6.5.
6.
AUXILIARY PUMP
6.1.
The auxiliary pump provides pressure for the
hydrostatic power steering unit, the lift cylinder
attached to the three-point hitch, and any
hydraulic-driven accessories that may be
installed on the tractor.
6.2.
Series 5000 tractors come with a single auxiliary
pump mounted to the right side of the transmission. See Figure 6.2.
The filter and suction tubes are easily reached
for inspection with little or no disassembly.
See Figure 6.5.
Hydraulic filter
Pressure line to P port
on steering unit
Suction tube
to auxiliary
pump
Figure 6.5
Auxiliary pump
6.6.
The rear fenders must be removed to access the
auxiliary pump itself. Fender removal is
detailed in the 2004 Cub Cadet Technical C.D.
6.7.
To test the auxiliary pump, use a flow and pressure gauge set. See Figure 6.7.
Figure 6.2
6.3.
If performance of any of the tractors hydraulic
features or attachments is poor, it is necessary
to confirm that sufficient hydraulic power is being
supplied by the pump that drives it.
6.4.
Begin with the basics: confirm that the pump
drive and supply are intact before drawing conclusions about the pump itself by making these
preliminary checks:
•
Check the fluid. If the fluid level is low, or the
fluid is not the correct type, both the hydrostat
and the auxiliary pump will perform poorly.
•
Replace the hydraulic filter if there is any question of its condition.
•
Confirm that the suction tube that provides fluid
to the auxiliary pump from the sump of the transmission is not crushed or kinked, and that the
connections are free of leaks.
To P port
From pump
Figure 6.7
NOTE: Equipment will vary from shop to shop,
but operating principles are similar.
6.8.
Disconnect the output line from the top of the
pump using a 3/4” wrench and a 9/16” wrench.
6.9.
Install the gauge set in-line between the auxiliary
pump and the steering pump. The pressure
gauge should be near the auxiliary pump, and
the flow meter should be near the steering unit.
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6.10. Set the parking brake, place the gear selector in
neutral, open the flow valve on the gauge set all
the way, and confirm that no unsafe conditions
will be created by starting the tractor engine.
6.13. Close the flow valve until the pressure gauge
reads 1,500 PSI (103 Bar). Note the flow reading. See Figure 6.13.
6.11. Start the engine, allow the engine and hydraulic
system to warm-up. See Figure 6.11.
1,500 PSI
To P port on
steering unit
5 GPM
Valve
partially
closed
5 GPM
Valve
open
Figure 6.13
From auxiliary
pump
6.14. As soon as the flow reading is noted, open the
the flow valve completely, relieving pressure
from the system. Turn -off the engine.
Figure 6.11
6.12. Performance:
•
The SKP1/4.3 S auxiliary pump does not contain
a relief valve. It is capable of producing roughly
3,600 PSI (250 bars) at engine speeds beyond
1,200 RPM.
•
This is far in excess of the needs of the rest of
the system, which is designed to operate at
1,500 PSI (103 Bars).
•
For our purposes, it is not necessary to test the
pump to its full capacity, only to establish that it
produces enough flow and pressure to operate
the hydrostatic steering and hydraulic lift cylinder.
•
The auxiliary pump was observed to move about
4.6 GPM (15 LPM) at an engine speed of 3,000
RPM, with no load applied.
•
Flow will vary with engine speed, but pressure
tests can be done at lower engine speeds:
1,200-1,500 RPM.
•
Set the throttle to maintain an engine speed in
this range, and note the reading on the flow
meter.
6.15. The flow readings noted at zero pressure and
1,500 PSI (103 Bars) should not vary significantly. Flow is more related to engine RPM than
to pressure.
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7.
STEERING PUMP AND CYLINDER
7.5.
The following set of symptoms, causes, and
solutions has been adapted from a list compiled
by Sauer-Danfoss to aid in the diagnosis of
hydrostatic steering issues. Internal steering
unit problems are described to aid technicians in
distinguishing internal steering unit problems
from problems that lie elsewhere in the system.
Internal problems dictate replacement of the
steering unit.
•
High Effort Required to Turn Steering Wheel:
NOTE: It is normal for the spokes of the steering
wheel on an open-center hydrostatic power
steering system to change orientation with use.
There is no mechanical connection between the
steering wheel and the front wheels.
7.1.
Identification: The Sauer OSPM 63 PB unit has
a round body. The ports are on the bottom of
the steering unit connecting to the hydraulic lines
with male straight thread O-ring seal fittings.
See Figure 7.1.
Cause 1: The auxiliary pump is not supplying sufficient fluid to the steering unit. Confirm by testing auxiliary pump out-put.
Solution 1: Correct the problem with the auxiliary
pump.
Cause 2: The priority spool within the steering unit is
not moving, causing fluid to be directed to other parts
of the system when the steering system needs it.
Solution 2: Internal problem; priority spool.
Cause 3: The relief valve in the steering unit is stuck
open.
Solution 3: Internal problem; relief valve.
Figure 7.1
•
7.2.
The ports are arranged as follows:
•
P Pressure from the auxiliary pump.
•
T Tank return of fluid pressure and volume not
required by the steering system.
•
E
Equipment power for accessories.
•
R
Right turn, pressure out when turning right.
•
L
Left turn, pressure out when turning left.
7.3.
R&R: instructions for removal and replacement
of the steering units can be found in the DASH
PANEL AND STEERING PUMP section of this
manual.
7.4.
“Motoring” Steering Wheel: rotates on its
own:
Cause 1: Bad leaf spring in steering unit.
Solution 1: Internal problem; leaf spring.
Cause 2: The relief valve is stuck open.
Solution 2: Internal problem: relief valve.
•
Poor Straight Line Steering Characteristics:
Cause 1: There is a bind in the steering column.
Solution 1: Binds may be created by angular or radial
misalignment between the steering column and the
steering unit. Binds may also be created by a lack of
axial clearance between the steering column and the
steering unit. Correct any situation that may create
friction or binding in the steering column.
If there is a warrantable problem with the power
steering unit, it is to be replaced as a complete
unit. Cub Cadet does not stock any internal
components for the steering units.
Cause 2: Bad leaf spring in steering unit.
Solution 2: Internal problem; leaf spring.
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•
•
Backlash
Slow Steering:
Cause 1: Wear or play between the steering column
and the cardan shaft.
Cause 1: Insufficient fluid flow to the steering unit.
Confirm by testing the out-put of the auxiliary pump.
Solution 1: If the wear is in the steering column,
replace the steering column (steering shaft per Cub
Cadet IPL). If the wear is in the cardan shaft, this is an
internal problem.
Solution 1: Repair of replace the auxiliary pump or
delivery line from the pump to the “P” port on the steering unit.
Cause 2: The priority valve in the steering unit is not
working properly. This valve normally maintains precedence of the steering system over all subsidiary systems (lift cylinder).
Cause 2: Bad leaf spring in steering unit.
Solution 2: Internal problem; leaf spring.
Solution 2: Internal problem; priority valve.
•
Shimmy:
Cause 1: Air in steering system.
•
Solution 1: Repair any leaks in the hydraulic system.
Be aware that a leak on the suction side of the auxiliary
pump would entrain air into the hydraulic fluid, but may
not display significant fluid loss.
Cause 1: There is a mechanical bind in the steering
column.
Solution 1: Repair or adjust the steering column
(steering shaft) to eliminate the bind.
Cause 2: Worn mechanical connections.
Solution 2: Inspect the MFD and steering linkage for
sources of excessive play: worn wheel bearings, worn
tie rod ends, worn king pins, worn steering cylinder
mounting points, etc.... Replace the worn components.
•
The Steering Wheel Does Not Return to Center:
Cause 2: Bad leaf springs.
Solution 2: Internal problem; leaf springs.
Cause 3: The spool is pressing against the sleeve in
the steering unit.
Solution 3: Internal problem; relief valve causing too
much pressure to build, displacing the spool.
Steering Wheel Input Does Not Cause Steering cylinder to Move:
Cause 4: Binding between spool and sleeve caused by
fluid contamination.
Cause 1: No fluid in the system.
Solution 1: Fill the system.
Solution 4: Internal problem; contamination. If this is
a possibility, cleaning, fluid replacement, and filter
replacement will help prevent a repeat failure.
Cause 2: Worn steering cylinder / blow-by. Confirm
with flow test in line to cylinder.
Solution 2: Replace the steering cylinder.
•
•
Heavy Impacts to Steering Wheel in Both
Directions:
Steering Action is Opposite of Input:
Cause 1: The “L” and “R” hoses are reversed at their
connections to the steering cylinder or steering unit.
Cause 1: The hydraulic hoses are incorrectly connected; the hose that should connect to the “P” port is
connected to the “L” port or the “R” port.
Solution 1: Correct the connections of the hydraulic
lines from the steering unit to the steering cylinder.
Solution 1: Correct the hydraulic connections.
Cause 2: Incorrect setting of cardan shaft to gear
wheel.
Cause 2: Incorrect setting of the cardan shaft to the
gear wheel (timing).
Solution 2: Internal problem; cardan shaft / gear wheel
timing.
Solution 2: Internal problem; cardan shaft / gear wheel
timing.
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•
7.10. Install the hydraulic test kit in either one of the
two hydraulic lines leading from the steering
pump to the steering cylinder.
Steering Power Too Low:
Cause 1: The relief valve is set too low or malfunctioning.
7.11. Disconnect the hydraulic line between the steering unit and the steering cylinder using a 5/8”
wrench and a 3/4” wrench. See Figure 7.11.
Solution 1: Internal problem; relief valve.
•
Fluid Leakage:
Hydraulic line
(pressurized
to turn right)
Cause 1: The seal around the cardan shaft is leaking.
Solution 1: Internal problem; cardan shaft seal.
Cause 2: The port fittings are leaking.
Solution 2: Replace port adaptors or O-rings. Tighten
the fittings to a maximum torque of 221 in-lbs. (25 NM)
on the “T”, “R”, and “L” ports. Tighten the fittings to a
maximum of 239 in-lbs. (27 Nm) on the “P”, and “E”
ports.
7.6.
Hydraulic line
(pressurized
to turn left)
Engine-off test: With the engine turned-off so
that no pressure is supplied by the auxiliary
pump, the pump within the steering unit should
work well enough in manual mode to turn the
front wheels from one steering stop to the other
(full travel) with roughly 2.75 turns of the steering
wheel.
Steering cylinder
Figure 7.11
7.12. Connect the test kit so that the pressure gauge
side (as opposed to the flow meter side) is near
the source (steering unit). See Figure 7.12.
NOTE: The tractor was engineered to comply
with German TUV directive #38stVZo. It will provide steering action without pressure from the
auxiliary pump, maintaining steering wheel force
within a specified limit.
7.7.
If there is air in the system, it will not perform to
design intent:
•
If there are any leaks in the steering hydraulics,
air will be drawn into the system, degrading performance.
•
If the system has been disassembled for any
reason, the engine must be started to provide
pressure from the auxiliary pump. With auxiliary
pump pressure to assist, turn the steering wheel
lock-to-lock three times, to purge air from the
steering system.
•
After the air is purged, the engine-off test can be
performed with validity.
7.8.
If the hydraulic steering lacks speed, test the
auxiliary pump as described in the previous section of this manual.
7.9.
Once it has been established that the auxiliary
pump is developing enough flow and pressure,
then test the steering unit.
Pressure test kit
installed in right
turn hydraulic line
Figure 7.12
7.13. Confirm that the test kit valve is all the way open,
and that no unsafe conditions will arise from
starting the tractor engine.
7.14. Start the engine, warm-up the engine and
hydraulic system, then position the throttle to
1,200-1,500 RPM.
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7.15. Have an assistant slowly turn the steering wheel
until the steering linkage hits the end of its travel.
Applying pressure to the steering wheel while
the linkage is at full lock will build pressure in the
system.
7.20. To check for blow-by, turn the steering wheel in
whichever direction causes the flow meter on the
test kit to rise:
NOTE: The wheel can be turned in either direction to get a pressure reading.
NOTE: The steering pump is equipped with a
relief valve that will not permit the pressure to
rise above 1,087 to 1,160 PSI (75 to 80 Bars).
•
If the test kit is attached (as illustrated in figure
7.15) to the fitting at the base end of the cylinder,
turn the steering wheel to the right.
•
If the flow meter is attached to the fitting at the
rod end of the steering cylinder, turn the wheel to
the left.
7.21. If the steering hits the end of its travel, builds terminal pressure, and the flow meter continues to
have a reading above zero, then fluid is blowingby the seals on the piston.
7.16. Observe the pressure reading on the test kit, at
full-lock. The pressure should be in the range of
1,087 to 1,160 PSI (75 to 80 Bars).
See Figure 7.16.
7.22. If the flow meter falls to zero and remains there
as pressure builds, then fluid is not blowing-by
the seals on the steering cylinder piston.
7.23. If blow-by exists, the steering cylinder is bad.
NOTE: A steering cylinder can get “blown-out”
by a steering pump with a relief valve that fails to
keep the pressure below 1,500 PSI (103 bars).
If this is the case, replacing the cylinder without
replacing the pump will result in rapid failure of
the replacement cylinder.
7.24. If the hydraulic system (Auxiliary pump, steering
unit, cylinder, lines) is all in good order, then the
problem may be a mechanical bind in the steering linkage.
Figure 7.16
7.17. If steering pressure is low, and the auxiliary
pump has been confirmed to be functioning
properly, then the steering unit is the problem.
NOTE: Steering unit failure is a rare occurrence.
7.18. If the pressure is good between the steering unit
and the steering cylinder, but the steering system lacks power, then the steering cylinder is the
most likely hydraulic problem.
7.19. It is possible for the piston seals in the steering
cylinder to experience “blow-by” without creating
an externally visible leak.
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8.
HYDRAULIC LIFT CYLINDER AND CONTROL
VALVE
8.1.
If the hydraulic lift cylinder does not work or is
low on power, begin by making a visual inspection of the valve, cylinder, linkage, and hydraulic
hose. See Figure 8.1.
Pressure line from E port
Direct return to
transmission
Line to
cylinder
8.4.
If the lift cylinder is operable, run it through the
full range of travel to confirm that the feedback
rod is working correctly. Normal operating characteristics include:
•
The the lift arms move up when the control lever
is moved back. The lift arms move down when
the control lever is moved forward.
•
In all positions, the lift cylinder will apply only
upward force to the lift arms. It is a single-acting
cylinder.
•
Downward travel is not under hydraulic force,
and is only caused by the weight of the lift arms
and any accessories mounted to them.
•
At any point in their travel, the lift arms may be
manually lifted beyond the point that the hydraulic system is holding them at. They will always
“float”.
•
Because the steering system has priority over
the lift cylinder, it is normal for the lift cylinder to
have less power when the steering system is in
motion.
8.5.
Orientation of the valve: See Figure 8.5.
Return through
check valve
Figure 8.1
8.2.
The outboard plumbing and linkage connections
to the control valve are visible beneath the
fender. More complete inspection, diagnosis,
and service require fender removal.
8.3.
The lift cylinder and the hydraulic hose that connects it to the control valve are visible beneath
the left fender. See Figure 8.3.
Valve end of line
to cylinder
Figure 8.5
•
The flexible line to the outboard side of the valve
provides pressure from the steering pump.
•
A flexible line from the bottom of the valve connects it to the lift cylinder.
•
The steel line leading rearward from the front
port on the valve carries fluid directly back to the
transmission housing (reservoir).
•
The steel line leading forward from the rear port
on the valve directs fluid to the return manifold,
and back to the transmission housing.
Cylinder end of line, behind left wheel
Figure 8.3
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8.6.
Fluid movement:
•
Fluid is constantly circulating from the auxiliary
pump, to the steering unit, through the valve,
then to the return manifold.
•
•
8.7.
8.10. Confirm that the lift cylinder control valve is getting pressure from the steering pump:
When the valve is actuated to raise the lift arms,
it redirects fluid from this path to the lift cylinder.
When the valve is actuated to lower the lift arms,
fluid is allowed to empty from the lift cylinder
through the valve, into the steel line leading from
the top of the valve to the transmission cover.
Control Linkage Description: The operator control handle pivots on a bracket bolted to the
frame. A pin on the valve link engages a slot in
the handle, above the handle pivot point. The
ratio of travel varies with the position of the handle, but when the pin is centered in the slot there
is a 10:1 ratio between the movement of the
handle and the movement of the pin. The top of
the valve link pivots on the valve mounting
bracket. Between the pin and the fulcrum is a
connection to the tubular link. There is a 3:1
ratio between the movement of the valve link
and the movement of the tubular link.
•
Remove any rear mounted attachments that are
supported by the lift arms or will interfere with
access to the lift cylinder and control valve.
•
Remove the rear fenders.
•
Lift and safely support the rear of the tractor.
•
Remove the right rear wheel using a 21mm
wrench.
•
Lower the lift arms to the bottom of their travel,
and confirm that the lift cylinder is fully retracted.
•
Disconnect the flexible hydraulic line from the
bottom of the control valve using a 3/4” wrench
and a 5/8” wrench.
•
Install the test kit with the flexible line connected
to the pressure gauge end of the kit, and the
control valve connected to the flow meter end of
the kit. See Figure 8.10.
From E port
Control handle
To control valve
Bracket
Tubular link
Pin
Figure 8.10
8.11. Confirm that the test kit valve is all the way open,
and that no unsafe conditions will arise from
starting the tractor engine.
Figure 8.7
8.8.
The effective movement ratio of 30:1between
the handle and the input to the control valve
allows precise movement of the three point lift
without the complexity of the shifting fulcrum
linkage used on the domestic Series 7000.
8.9.
The category 1 three point hitch system on the
domestic Series 5000 tractor should be capable
of lifting 950 lbs. (430 Kg.), 24 in. (61 cm.)
behind the hitch. If it does not perform as
designed, use the following procedure to diagnose it.
8.12. Start the engine, warm-up the engine and
hydraulic system, then position the throttle to
3,000 RPM.
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8.16. The flow should remain constant, while the pressure climbs to 1,500 PSI (103 Bars). Open the
valve a soon as the readings are confirmed.
8.13. The flow meter should rise to 4 GPM (15 LPM)
and hold steady at that level. See Figure 8.13.
NOTE: Remember, the flow varies with engine
RPM, but does not vary with pressure generated
unless the auxiliary pump is failing.
8.17. Turn off the engine. Retract the lift cylinder fully
to relieve pressure from the hydraulic system.
8.18. Remove the test kit from the line between the
steering unit and the lift control valve, and connect the hydraulic line to the control valve.
8.19. If the control valve is receiving full pressure from
the steering unit, but the lift cylinder lacks power,
perform a pressure test at the line between the
valve and the cylinder.
8.20. Install the test kit between the control valve and
the lift cylinder.
Figure 8.13
8.21. If the tractor is equipped with a mid-mount
mower deck, it will be necessary to disconnect
and remove the link that connects the three point
lift arm to the deck lift mechanism.
See Figure 8.21.
8.14. After the flow rate is established, lower the throttle setting to 1,200-1,500 RPM
8.15. Carefully close the valve on the test kit. It is not
necessary to move the lift cylinder to generate
pressure.
Deck lift link
NOTE: Designed system pressure is 1,500 PSI
(103 Bars). Testing beyond this pressure subjects the system to needless over-load.
See Figure 8.15.
Pressure
line to lift
cylinder
Figure 8.21
Figure 8.15
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8.22. Disconnect the flexible hydraulic line that leads
from the control valve to the lift cylinder using an
11/16” and a 3/4” wrench. See Figure 8.22.
8.27. As the lift arms travel upward, note the reading
on the flow meter. It should be in the vicinity of 5
GPM (19 LPM). See Figure 8.27.
Disconnect here
UP
4 GPM
No significant
pressure
Figure 8.27
Figure 8.22
8.23. Connect the test kit to the 3/8” flare fittings. The
pressure gauge should be near the valve, and
the flow meter should be near the cylinder.
See Figure 8.23.
8.28. Continue moving the arms up until they reach
the top end of their travel. Note the pressure
reading. See Figure 8.28.
No flow
To cylinder
1,500 PSI
To valve
Figure 8.28
Figure 8.23
8.24. Set the parking brake, place the gear selector in
neutral, open the flow valve on the gauge set all
the way, and confirm that no unsafe conditions
will be created by starting the tractor engine.
•
The pressure should approach but not exceed
1,500 PSI (103 Bars).
•
The flow will fall to zero as the pressure builds.
8.29. If the pressure delivered to the control valve is
low, the auxiliary pump has tested good, and the
hydraulic lines show no signs of physical damage or leakage, then the problem lies in the
steering unit.
8.25. Start the engine, allow it to warm-up. Set the
throttle to maintain 3,000 RPM.
8.26. Move the hydraulic lift lever rearward to raise the
lift arms.
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8.30. If the pressure delivered to the control valve is
sufficient, but the pressure delivered to the cylinder is low, then the problem is likely to be in the
control valve.
8.31. If the pressure delivered to the cylinder is sufficient, yet the cylinder does not perform adequately, look for leakage from the cylinder.
9.2.
If the performance problem is isolated to the
movement of one set of cylinders (boom or
bucket), connect the test kit to the set of couplings that is associated with that movement
(1 & 3) or (2 & 4).
9.3.
With the test kit installed to test the boom, the kit
loops fluid from one boom connector to the
other. They hydraulic lines that lead to the cylinders that operate the boom will be left disconnected. For this test, the kit is not connected inline with the cylinders, and the cylinders will not
be in motion during the test.
9.4.
After the test kit is connected, confirm that no
unsafe conditions will result from starting the
engine or operating the hydraulic system.
9.5.
Open the flow valve on the test kit completely,
then start the engine, and set the throttle to
maintain 3,000 RPM.
9.6.
With the test kit installed so that the pressure
gauge is near the boom-down fitting (green band
3d one in), and the flow meter is near the boomup fitting (blue band, outboard coupler), pushing
the loader valve forward to the detent will generate a reading on the flow meter of about 5.0
GPM (19.0 LPM) when the test kit flow valve is
open. Pressure will be zero. See Figure 9.6.
8.32. If the pressures are O.K., no leakage exists, yet
the cylinder does not perform adequately, there
may be a mechanical bind, or the operator may
be overloading the equipment.
9.
LOADER VALVE
9.1.
The simplest way to check pressure to the
attachment is by connecting the test kit to the
Quick Disconnect ports. See Figure 9.1.
5 GPM
Zero pressure
Figure 9.1
•
The hydraulic lines are arranged as follows, from
the outboard inward when connected to a frontend loader:
1.
Outboard coupling, blue band, boom up.
2.
Second coupling in, yellow band, bucket dump.
3.
Third coupling in, green band, boom down.
4.
Furthest inboard, red band, bucket roll up.
•
One female quick disconnect and one male
quick disconnect will be required on the test kit.
•
Connect to alternating couplers, eg.: 1 & 3 to
check boom operation, or 2 & 4 to check bucket
operation.
Figure 9.6
NOTE: Pushing the loader valve lever all the
way forward, past the detent, will put the valve
into “float” mode. This is reflected by a flow
meter reading that falls to zero, and a pressure
gauge reading falls to zero.
NOTE: Pushing the loader valve lever forward,
but not all the way to the detent will produce
readings with less flow, but increased pressure.
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9.7.
Reducing throttle to the 1,200-1,500 RPM range,
observe the flow while pushing the loader valve
lever forward to the detent. The flow should be
around 5.0 GPM (19.0 LPM).
9.11. If the pressure varies slightly in above or below
1,500 PSI (103 Bars), the relief valve can be
adjusted. It is located on the top, outboard corner of the loader valve.
9.8.
While holding the loader valve lever forward
gains the detent (but not into Float), slowly close
the flow valve on the test kit.
See Figure 9.8.
9.12. In order to adjust the relief valve, it is necessary
to remove the right side fender cover.
See Figure 9.12.
Fender
cover
1,500 PSI
Zero
flow
Handles
Knob
Valve closed
Figure 9.12
Figure 9.8
9.13. Remove the handles from the hydraulic lift control lever and the high-low range gear selector
lever by pulling them off.
NOTE: Because of the relief feature built into the
loader valve, as pressure approaches the relief
point of 1,500 PSI (103 Bars) more fluid will be
diverted to the return manifold. As more fluid is
diverted, the flow meter will show progressively
lesser readings while the pressure remains constant at 1,500 PSI (103 Bars). If the flow valve
on the test kit is closed completely, flow will stop
completely.
9.14. Remove the knob and boot from the loader valve
control handle. The knob has normal right-hand
threads.
9.15. Remove the fender cover using a T-40 driver
from inside the fender. See Figure 9.15.
CAUTION: If pressure rises substantially above
1,500 PSI (103 Bars) discontinue the test immediately. Correct the pressure relief issue before
continuing.
9.9.
The test described above will check the ability of
the hydraulic system to apply downward pressure to the boom. The test can be reversed, to
check lifting ability by reversing the connection
of the test kit and pulling the loader valve control
lever back instead of pushing forward.
9.10. The same procedures will work for testing the
controls for the roll operation of the bucket, but
the test kit will be connected to couplers 2 and 4
(second one in, red band and far inboard coupler, yellow band).
Figure 9.15
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9.18. Once access is gained to the adjustment screw,
index the screw, jam nut, and housing using a
marker.
9.16. Unbolting the loader valve bracket from the
frame of the tractor will provide additional
wrench clearance between the pivot bracket and
the fender. This can be done with a 1/2” wrench.
See Figure 9.16.
9.19. Loosen the jam nut using a 7/8” wrench and turn
the adjuster screw using a 7/16” wrench.
See Figure 9.19.
Loader valve bracket
Figure 9.16
Figure 9.19
9.17. It is necessary to unbolt the pivot bracket
assembly from the loader valve in order to get a
wrench on the relief valve adjustment screw.
The pivot bracket can be unbolted using a 3/8”
wrench. See Figure 9.17.
9.20. Make adjustments to the relief valve in singlefacet increments:
Pivot bracket
Loader valve bracket
Adjustment screw
Jam nut
•
Loosen the jam nut.
•
Make adjustment: 1/6th turn or less.
•
Tighten jam nut.
•
Install pivot bracket.
•
Test relief valve pressure.
•
Repeat as necessary.
•
DO NOT “crank-up” the pressure beyond 1,500
PSI (103 Bars).
•
Install the fenders when adjustment is completed.
9.21. The pressure readings at both sets of ports
should respond equally to adjustments made to
the relief valve. If there is substantial difference
between the pressures found at the two sets of
ports, there is an internal problem with the
loader valve.
Figure 9.17
9.22. If the loader valve does not respond to adjustment, or does not perform as described in this
section:
•
Confirm that the pressure delivered to the loader
valve is adequate, and if not, why not. -or-
•
Replace the valve.
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10.
COMPONENT BREAKDOWN: AUXILIARY
PUMP
10.2. The back cover can be removed from the pump
by removing the four socket head cap screws.
See Figure 10.2.
NOTE: The auxiliary pump is to be replaced as a
unit if it fails. Disassembling it will VOID the
warranty. The pump has been disassembled
here to illustrate how it works.
Pump with back
cover removed
Splined shaft
NOTE: Individual pump components will not be
available through Cub Cadet.
10.1. The gear must be removed from the pump in
order to remove the pump from the transmission.
See Figure 10.1.
Auxiliary pump drive gear
Auxiliary pump
Figure 10.2
Nut
Lock tab
10.3. Removing the rear cover reveals an O-ring seal,
the splined shaft that transmits power to the tandem pump (when fitted), and four more socket
head cap screws.
10.4. The second set of socket head cap screws holds
the two housing ends to the body of the pump.
See Figure 10.4.
O-ring seal
Figure 10.1
Housing end: back
•
The gear is a taper-fit to the pump shaft, and it is
keyed to the shaft.
•
The lock tab, key, and nut are included with the
pump.
•
The nut and shaft have a non-standard metric
thread. They will not be commonly available.
•
An O-ring seal and Ultra-black sealant are used
to seal the pump to the front of the transmission.
Housing end:
mounting
Pump body
Figure 10.4
10.5. Both ends of the pump have O-ring type seals
where they meet the pump body.
10.6. The body contains a simple gear pump.
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11.
10.7. There is a cartridge that slides into the pump
body. See Figure 10.7.
COMPONENT BREAKDOWN: STEERING
UNIT
NOTE: The steering unit is to be replaced as a
unit if it fails. Disassembling it will VOID the
warranty. The steering unit has been disassembled here to illustrate how it works.
Second
pump gear
Shaft with
pump gear
NOTE: Individual components of the steering
unit are not available through Cub Cadet.
11.1. The fittings on the end of the steering unit extend
through the first two sections of the body, into
the third and largest section. They hold all three
sections of the steering unit body together.
See Figure 11.1.
Bearing
cartridge
Figure 10.7
•
The gears operate within, and are located by the
cartridge.
•
The cartridge end is partially sealed. Lubrication
channels direct a metered amount of pressurized oil to the bearings and thrust surfaces.
Figure 11.1
•
O-rings seal the lines to the steering unit.
•
O-rings also seal the fittings to the end of the
steering unit.
•
There are two sizes of fitting: 9/16”-18 and 11/
16”-16
•
If a 9/16”-18 fitting should come loose, tighten it
to a torque of 25 in-lbs. (221 Nm).
•
If an 11/16”-16 fitting should come loose, tighten
it to a torque of 27 in-lbs (239 Nm).
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11.4. The cardan shaft transfers motion from the
steering wheel, through the body of the steering
unit, to the pump. See Figure 11.4.
11.2. With the fittings removed, the three sections of
the steering unit can be separated.
See Figure 11.2.
Figure 11.2
Figure 11.4
11.5. The relief valve ball and retainer live in one of
the fitting bores. Carefully extract them with a
magnet while the steering unit is in the upright
position. See Figure 11.5.
11.3. The first two sections comprise a gerotor pump
and end plate to pressures the system using
steering wheel motion. See Figure 11.3.
Figure 11.3
Figure 11.5
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11.8. A dowel pin connects the spool and sleeve axially, and transmits steering force to the sleeve
from the cardan shaft. See Figure 11.8.
11.6. The spool and sleeve can be easily tapped-out
of the housing. A thrust bearing assembly fits
between the spool and sleeve assembly and the
housing. See Figure 11.6.
Figure 11.8
Figure 11.6
11.9. Removing the dowel pin allows the spool to separate from the sleeve. See Figure 11.9.
11.7. A circular retainer holds the leaf springs in place.
See Figure 11.7.
Figure 11.9
Figure 11.7
•
The leaf springs transmit steering force from the
sleeve to the spool.
•
The effort it takes to deflect the leaf springs
determines the amount of force that must be
applied to the steering wheel before hydraulic
force is applied to the steering.
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11.10. There are two types of leaf spring: flat and
bowed. A pair of each goes together, back-toback. See Figure 11.10.
Figure 11.10
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Domestic Series 5000 MFD
Domestic Series 5000 MFD
ABOUT THIS SECTION:
1.
TO IDENTIFY THEM MFD:
The Cub Cadet Series 5000 MFD (Mechanical Front
Drive) axle is visually similar to the MFDs used in the
Series 7000 Tractor. The MFDs used in the Series
5000 are functionally different from those used in the
Domestic Series 7000, and cannot be inter-changed.
The first part of this section describes the characteristics that will enable a technician to identify the three different units.
1.1.
The Cub Cadet built MFD for the Series 5000 is
618-04028. The out-sourced Series 7000 MFD
is part number 618-3207. The Cub Cadet built
MFD for the Domestic Series 7000 is 618-0484.
1.2.
The out-source MFD has numbers embossed on
most major components, the Cub Cadet Unit
does not. See Figure 1.2.
Early (2002 and 2003) production of the domestic
Series 7000 four wheel drive tractors used an MFD
(Mechanical Front Drive) sourced from another manufacturer. Beginning with serial number 1B014G20001
(February 1st, 2004) domestic Series 7000 tractors
were built using an MFD assembled in Cub Cadet’s
transmission plant in Leitchfield, KY.
Removal and replacement procedures for the MFDs in
the two tractors are not substantially different from oneanother. Service Policy on the Cub Cadet produced
MFDs will be to establish a pool of rotable exchange
units that can be ordered by dealers to replace damaged MFDs. This applies to the Cub Cadet produced
MFDs only, NOT to the outsourced MFDs that were
used in some early production domestic Series 7000
tractors.
Casting numbers
= out-sourced MFD
Cub produced unit is blank
Figure 1.2
For tractors with warrantable repairs required to a
Cub Cadet built MFD:
•
The complete assembly is to be removed and
replaced.
•
The core shall be returned to Cub Cadet for
rebuilding. It is not to be disassembled in any
way.
•
The determination as to whether a new or factory rebuilt MFD is to be installed under warranty
will be made on a case-by-case basis.
•
Outside of warranty, the dealer is free to repair a
worn or damaged MFD, replace a worn or damaged MFD with a factory rebuilt unit, or to
replace a worn or damaged MFD with a new
one.
1.3.
The Octagonal “pumpkin” is roughly 2” wide on
the out-sourced MFD. It is roughly 4” wide on
the Cub Cadet MFD. See Figure 1.3.
2”
4”
Figure 1.3
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1.4.
The MFD manufactured by Cub Cadet is
mounted to two one-piece brackets.
See Figure 1.4.
1.7.
To visually distinguish the Series 5000 MFD
from the Series 7000 MFD: the Series 5000 unit
has four tapped holes or wheel studs on the axle
flanges, while the Series 7000 has five tapped
bolt holes on the axle flanges.
1.8.
The Series 5000 MFD is wider than the Series
7000 MFD. The outside edge (measured at the
top) of the axle flanges on the 5000 are 3 1/2”
(8.9 cm) outboard of the seam where the axle
cover meets the drop axle housing. See Figure
1.8.
Series 5000
Cub Cadet produced MFD mounts
with two 1-piece brackets
Figure 1.4
3 1/2”
1.5.
The out sourced MFD is mounted to a pair of
two-piece brackets.
See Figure 1.5.
4 studs on
drive flange
Out sourced MFD: mounts
with two 2-piece brackets
Figure 1.8
1.9.
While the main castings are the same, the outside edge (measured at the top) of the axle
flanges on the 7000 are 2” (5 cm) outboard of
the seam where the axle cover meets the drop
axle housing See Figure 1.9.
Series 7000
Figure 1.5
1.6.
The Cub Cadet Series 5000 MFD (618-0428)
uses many of the same castings as the Cub
Cadet Series 7000 MFD (618-0484). The Series
5000 has a different ring and pinion gear orientation and the out-put to the wheels is in the opposite direction.
Five tapped
lug-bolt holes
in drive flange
2”
Figure 1.9
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Domestic Series 5000 MFD
2.
1.10. The difference in widths is accounted for by the
fact that axle flanges protrude visibly further out
of the housing on the 618-0428 (5000 MFD)
than they do on the 618-0484 (7000 MFD).
NOTE: This procedure can be done on tractors
that are equipped with cutting decks, front-end
loaders, and other attachments. It is not necessary to remove the attachments in order to
remove and replace the MFD.
1.11. To mechanically distinguish between a Series
7000 MFD and a Series 5000 MFD, rotate the
input (pinion) shaft. Clockwise rotation (looking
at the end of the pinion shaft) will result in forward tractor motion on the Series 7000 (6180484 or 618-3207). Clockwise rotation will result
in reverse tractor motion on the Series 5000
(618-0428).
Tractor
7000 Cub
7000 Outsourced
618-0484
618-3207
618-0428
Input
Clockwise
Clockwise
C.C.W.
Axle
Stubby
Mounting 1 piece
2 piece
Wheel
5 bolt
5 bolt
2.1.
Park the tractor on a firm level surface. Lower
any attachments to the ground.
2.2.
Place a drain pan under each final drive housing. Remove the drain plugs using an 11 mm
wrench. Remove the fill plugs using a 16 mm
wrench. See Figure 2.2.
5000 Cub
Part #
Stubby
MFD REMOVAL: PREPARATION
Extended
1 piece
4 stud
Fill plug
Drain plug
Figure 2.2
2.3.
Place a drain pan under the differential housing,
and remove the drain plug using a 16 mm
wrench. Remove the oil level gauge to allow
faster draining. See Figure 2.3.
Differential
drain plug
Oil level
gauge
Figure 2.3
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3.5.
3.
REMOVAL
3.1.
Loosen the set screw that secures the back end
of the 4 W.D. drive shaft to the splined output
shaft on the front of the transmission.
See Figure 3.1.
Remove the four bolts holding the steering cylinder bracket to the MFD housing using a 19 mm
wrench. See Figure 3.5.
Lock washers
Steering cylinder
mounting bracket
S
Figure 3.5
Figure 3.1
NOTE: Only the inner two bolts (closer to the
axle mounting bracket) have lock washers.
3.2.
Slip the 4 W.D. drive shaft back to disengage it
from the MFD.
3.3.
If the tractor is equipped with a cutting-deck,
loosen the two nuts on the front of the “U” bar
using a 3/4” wrench. Remove the “U” bar.
3.4.
Remove the nut that secures the ram of the
steering cylinder to the steering cylinder mounting stud using a 24 mm wrench. See Figure 3.4.
3.6.
Lower the steering cylinder carefully off of the
mounting stud, and position it safely out of the
way. See Figure 3.6.
Steering
Cylinder
Stud
Mounting
stud
Figure 3.6
Steering
cylinder
NOTE: Do not allow the steering cylinder to
hang on the hydraulic hoses.
Nut
3.7.
Figure 3.4
Remove the steering cylinder mounting stud
using a 1” wrench and a 1 1/16” wrench.
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3.8.
3.12. Remove the four nuts that secure the front axle
bracket to the frame using a pair of 3/4”
wrenches. See Figure 3.12.
Lift and support the front of the tractor by the differential housing. Leave the hydraulic jack in
place. See Figure 3.8.
Front axle
mounting
bracket
Figure 3.12
Figure 3.8
3.13. Remove the four nuts that secure the rear axle
bracket (of the front axle) to the frame using a
pair of 3/4” wrenches. See Figure 3.13.
NOTE: If the MFD is being replaced because the
housing is broken, an alternative jacking point
may need to be identified by the technician.
3.9.
Bolts
(nuts removed)
Support the front cross-member of the tractor
frame on one or two jackstands.
3.10. Remove the front wheels using a 19 mm
wrench.
3.11. Remove the battery:
•
Remove the wing-nuts and hold down bar that
secure the battery.
•
Disconnect the negative terminal using a 3/8”
wrench.
•
Disconnect the positive terminal using a 3/8”
wrench.
•
Rear axle
mounting bracket
Carefully lift the battery out of the tractor.
NOTE: Removing the battery yields access to
two of the bolts that hold the front MFD bracket.
Figure 3.13
3.14. Lower the MFD to the ground.
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4.4.
3.15. Remove the axle brackets from the MFD, for
transfer to the replacement MFD.
See Figure 3.15.
Lift the replacement MFD into position.
See Figure 4.4.
Tapered alignment pin
Figure 4.4
Figure 3.15
NOTE: A tapered pin can be used to help align
the brackets with the bolt holes.
4.
MFD INSTALLATION
4.1.
Lubricate the pivot bosses on the new MFD with
a good all-purpose grease.
4.2.
Confirm that the thrust washers are in place in
both front axle brackets. See Figure 4.2.
Rear bracket
for front axle
Thrust washer
Install the nuts that secure the axle brackets.
tighten them to a torque of 75 ft.-lbs. (100 Nm).
If the nylon locking ring has worn, replace the
nut with a new one, or apply a small amount of
thread locking compound such as loctite 242
(blue) to the threads on assembly.
4.6.
Install the front wheels.
4.7.
Lower the tractor to the ground, and tighten the
lugs to a torque of 55 ft.-lbs. (63 Nm). Re-torque
the wheels after 10 hours of operation.
4.8.
Remove the fill plugs from the final drive housings. Fill each housing to the bottom of the fill
plug hole with Cub Cadet 85W140 Gear Lube
(P/N: 737-3065 for 1 qt.). Install the fill plugs.
4.9.
Remove the oil level gauge from the main housing, and install sufficient Cub Cadet Gear Lube
to reach the “FULL”, mark on the oil level gauge.
NOTE: Total lube capacity of the MFD is approximately 82 fl. oz. (2.5 qts.) or (2.37 liters).
Figure 4.2
4.10. Install the steering cylinder stud in the replacement MFD steering knuckle. Tighten the nut to
at torque of 100 ft.-lbs. (136 Nm).
NOTE: The flat side of the thrust washers goes
into the brackets first, so that the dimpled side
faces the pivot boss on the MFD.
4.3.
4.5.
Position the front axle brackets on the replacement MFD.
NOTE: Tie-down straps or heavy cable ties will
help hold them in place temporarily.
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4.11. Install the steering cylinder:
5.
•
Lubricate the shoulder of the steering cylinder
stud with grease.
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as loctite 242 (blue) to the threads of
the four bolts that secure the steering cylinder
bracket to the MFD.
•
Lift the steering cylinder into position, with the
eyelet of the ram seated over the stud.
•
Install the four bolts that secure the steering cylinder bracket. Tighten them to a torque of 75 ft.lbs (100 Nm). The lock washers go on the
inboard bolts.
•
Install the nut that secures the steering cylinder
ram to the stud. Tighten the nut to a torque of
150 ft.-lbs. (200 Nm).
IN-FRAME REPAIRS: DROP AXLE SERVICE
NOTE: Within the warranty period of the
domestic Series 7000 tractor, repairs to the MFD
will be accomplished by replacement of the complete assembly. Refer to the Service Policy
portion of the MFD section of this manual.
NOTE: Repairs to the drop-axle assembly are
most easily performed without removing the
MFD from the tractor.
5.1.
Lift and safely support the side that is to be serviced. See Figure 5.1.
Travel stop bolt
and spacer
4.12. Connect the 4 W.D. driveshaft: See Figure 4.12.
•
Apply a small amount of anti-seize to the splines
of the MFD pinion shaft.
•
Install the 4 W.D. driveshaft on the pinion shaft
of the MFD.
•
Position it so that the end of the pinion shaft is
even with the rear edge of the front U-joint yoke.
•
Tighten the set screw on the rear U-joint to
secure the 4 W.D. drive shaft.
Jackstand
Figure 5.1
NOTE: By lifting the side of the axle to be serviced as far as it can go before the stop hits the
frame, the gear lube in the center section will
move to the lower side. This will allow the drop
axle assembly to be removed with minimal loss
of gear lube, without draining the main housing.
End of
pinion shaft
Front U-joint yoke
Figure 4.12
5.2.
Remove the wheel using a 19 mm wrench.
5.3.
Clean the area surrounding the drop axle
assembly, and drain the gear lube from it.
•
Place a clean catch pan under the drop axle
assembly.
•
Remove the drain plug using an 11mm wrench.
•
Remove the fill plug using a 16 mm wrench.
NOTE: The steps above are preliminary to any
in-frame drop axle service. Specific procedures
are outlined in the following sections; In-frame
repairs: drop axle cover, In-frame repairs: drop
axle cover, In-frame repairs: drop axle removal.
Bench repairs: kingpin and drop axle housings.
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6.
IN FRAME REPAIRS: DROP AXLE COVER
6.1.
If there is an obvious problem within the drop
axle housing, or for purposes of inspection, the
axle cover is easily removed.
6.2.
Remove the axle cover bolts using a 13 mm
wrench. See Figure 6.2.
6.5.
The inner axle bearing is a slip fit on the axle. It
can be removed with light pressure on the bearing, or (preferably) by lifting the axle bevel gear.
See Figure 6.5.
Inner axle bearing
(flange axle)
Flange axle
Drop axle
housing
34 tooth bevel gear
Axle cover
Axle cover
Figure 6.5
6.6.
Figure 6.2
6.3.
From this point, the contents of the drop axle
housing are visible. See Figure 6.3.
Lift the gear off of the splined portion of the
flange axle to gain access to the retaining ring
that secures the flange axle and the outer axle
bearing to the axle cover. See Figure 6.6.
Retaining
ring
Kingpin shaft
Outer axle
bearing
13 tooth pinion
bevel gear
Figure 6.6
Figure 6.3
6.7.
6.4.
The axle cover assembly may be serviced on
the bench.
The axle should push out of the bearing and
cover with light pressure.
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6.8.
After the axle is separated from the bearing and
cover, the bearing, and the seal that protects it
may be easily removed from the cover.
See Figure 6.8.
Outer axle bearing: slip fit in bore,
stops against shoulder
•
Use a seal driver to install a new seal in the
cover. There is no shoulder for the seal to seat
against, so it must be driven far enough that the
outer edge of the seal is flush with the outer
edge of the machined bore that the seal seats in.
•
Lubricate the lip of the seal.
•
Assemble the axle, bearings, and axle bevel
gear to the axle cover. Be certain that the retaining ring is properly seated in its groove on reassembly.
Shoulder
6.11. On installation to the drop axle housing:
•
Apply a small bead of sealant such as Black
Loctite # 5900 to the mating surfaces.
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the bolts that secure the axle cover.
•
Install the cover to the drop axle housing, and
tighten the bolts to torque of 160-220 in-lbs. (1825 Nm). There is an embossed square on the
cover, but there is no need to orient it in any specific location.
•
Refill the drop axle housing with 85W140 gear
lube.
Figure 6.8
6.9.
Clean and inspect all of the components and
sealing surfaces on mating components:
•
Bearings should turn smoothly and freely.
•
The splines, wheel mounting flange, bearing
journals, lug threads, splines and seal surface of
the axle should all be in good condition.
•
Check the axle cover for damage.
6.10. To reassemble the axle cover: See Figure 6.10.
Seal driver
Straight bore for seal:
no stop shoulder
Figure 6.10
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7.
IN-FRAME REPAIRS: DROP-AXLE REMOVAL
7.1.
The drop axle assembly can also be removed
complete.
7.2.
If working on the left side drop axle, disconnect
the cylinder mounting stud from the steering arm
using a 24 mm wrench to hold the bottom nut
and a 1 1/16” wrench to turn the top nut.
7.3.
7.5.
Sealed bearing
Washer
Stub shaft
Steering arm
Remove the nut from the tie rod end, using a 19
mm wrench for the nut and a 17 mm wrench to
hold the stud. See Figure 7.3.
My arm
Tie rod end
(loose)
Steering arm
Figure 7.5
Tie rod
(disconnect)
Steering
cylinder
mounting stud
7.6.
At this point, the most common service procedure will be to remove the kingpin housing and
drop axle housing as a unit.
7.7.
If there is obvious damage that is isolated to the
drop axle housing, it is possible to separate the
two at this point without removing the kingpin
housing.
7.8.
Grip the stub shaft and pull it out of the kingpin
housing. It is retained by the friction of a rubber
o-ring that also serves as a seal.
See Figure 7.8.
Figure 7.3
7.4.
Lift the steering arm off of the kingpin housing
and the stud for the steering cylinder.
See Figure 7.5.
Support the drop axle housing, and remove the
four bolts that hold the steering arm to the king
pin housing using a 17 mm wrench.
See Figure 7.4.
Jack supporting
drop axle housing
Steering arm
Stub shaft
Washer
O-ring seal
King pin
housing
Figure 7.8
Figure 7.4
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7.9.
The drop axle housing can then be pushed down
off of the kingpin housing with some twisting and
light force. See Figure 7.9.
7.12. Support the drop axle housing, and separate it
from the axle housing. See Figure 7.12.
Pry bar
Kingpin housing
Drop axle housing
Figure 7.12
Figure 7.9
7.13. With the kingpin housing removed, access is
gained to the bevel gear on the end of the axle
shaft, and the bearing that supports the outer
end of the axle shaft. See Figure 7.13.
7.10. Most service that requires the removal of the
drop axle housing is most easily performed by
removing the drop axle housing along with the
kingpin housing.
7.11. To separate the kingpin housing from the axle
housing, loosen all four bolts that secure the two
together using a 16 mm wrench.
See Figure 7.11.
Axle bearing
(outboard)
Washer
14 tooth
bevel gear
Bolts
Figure 7.13
7.14. The gear and bearing are easily removed.
Figure 7.11
NOTE: It may be useful to use the head of a
loosened bolt to pry or drive against to loosen
the sealant between the two castings.
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8.4.
7.15. To remove the bearing it may help to slide the
axle shaft out roughly 1/4” (6mm). Once sufficient grip is available to withdraw the bearing,
push the axle back into place.
With the kingpin shaft removed, the 14 tooth
bevel gear can be removed. See Figure 8.4.
Long spline
NOTE: If the axle shaft is pulled-out too far, the
shims that are used to set ring gear component
of the differential back-lash may fall out of place.
If this happens, the axle housing must be
removed from the tractor and separated to repositions the shims.
Kingpin shaft
14 tooth
bevel gear
Short spline
/ pilot
Figure 8.4
8.
BENCH REPAIRS: DROP AXLE AND KINGPIN HOUSING ASSEMBLIES
8.1.
Once on the bench, the drop axle housing and
the kingpin housing are easily separated from
each other by twisting and pulling.
8.2.
To remove the kingpin shaft, bearing, and gear
from the kingpin housing, fixture it in a soft-jaw
vise.
8.3.
Carefully drive the kingpin shaft out the bottom
of the kingpin housing. See Figure 8.3.
8.5.
The bearing that supports the top of the kingpin
shaft can also be pushed out of the kingpin
housing with light pressure. See Figure 8.5.
Drift
Kingpin shaft
Figure 8.5
8.6.
To disassemble the drop axle housing, fixture it
in a soft-jaw vise.
8.7.
Remove the axle cover using a 13mm wrench.
Figure 8.3
NOTE: There is a snap ring in the bore of the
kingpin housing that provides a stop for the bottom of the stub shaft, and locates the top of the
bearing. Ensure that it is securely in place when
reassembling the kingpin housing.
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8.8.
There are two seals to be removed from the top
bore of the drop axle housing. See Figure 8.8.
8.11. Carefully pry the gear and bearing out of the
bore at the base of the drop axle housing.
See Figure 8.11.
Seals
13 tooth
pinion bevel gear
Bearing
Pry up
to remove
Figure 8.8
Figure 8.11
NOTE: The lips of both seals face inward.
8.9.
8.12. Use a bearing puller to separate the gear from
the bearing. See Figure 8.12.
After the seals are removed, the tapered roller
bearing can be lifted out. See Figure 8.9.
Tapered
roller bearing
Figure 8.12
Figure 8.9
8.13. To assemble the drop axle housing:
8.10. The 13 tooth bevel gear that is driven by the bottom of the kingpin shaft, and the bearing that
supports the gear are in the bottom of the drop
axle housing.
•
Clean and inspect all components-replace any
that are suspect.
•
If the tapered roller bearing needs to be
replaced, drive the outer race of the old bearing
out of the drop axle housing.
•
Replace all seals and o-rings with new ones.
•
Clean all traces of old sealant from sealing surfaces, including those on mating parts (axle
housings).
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8.18. Install the two seals above the tapered roller
bearing using an appropriate driver.
See Figure 8.18.
8.14. Carefully press the 13 tooth pinion bevel gear
into the bearing that carries it. Use care to isolate pressing force to the inner race of the bearing. See Figure 8.14.
13 tooth pinion
bevel gear
Seal driver
Universal press arbor
(aka: large socket)
Bearing
Figure 8.18
Figure 8.14
NOTE: The “open” side of both seals faces into
the casting. The first seal should be driven
roughly 1/4” into the machined bore. The second seal should be driven flush with the top of
the machined bore. The top edge of the
machined bore is beneath the top lip of the casting.
8.15. Position the bearing and bevel gear in the base
of the bore in the drop axle housing.
8.16. If the tapered roller bearing required replacement, drive or press the outer race of the new
bearing into the bore at the top of the drop axle
housing using an appropriate tool.
See Figure 8.16.
8.19. Confirm that the retaining ring in the kingpin
housing is properly seated.
Hammer
Bearing
driver
8.20. Install the bearing and 14 tooth bevel gear in the
kingpin housing. See Figure 8.20.
Figure 8.16
8.17. Install the tapered roller bearing in the bearing
race.
Figure 8.20
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8.21. Install the kingpin shaft in the kingpin housing.
The end of the shaft with the pilot nose should
engage the 14 tooth bevel gear.
8.22. Lubricate the shoulder of the kingpin housing
that will ride against the seals.
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the bolts that secure the steering arm to the
kingpin housing.
•
Install the steering arm. Tighten the bolts to a
torque of 220-280 in-lbs. (25-34 Nm).
8.23. Slip the kingpin housing and kingpin shaft into
the drop axle housing:
•
Twisting and light pressure are better than brute
force.
•
The splines on the bottom end of the kingpin
shaft must engage the splines on the 13 tooth
bevel gear for the two housings to fully seat.
NOTE: If working on the left steering arm, position the steering cylinder mounting stud in the
steering arm before installing the bolts.
8.24. Fixture the housings in a soft-jaw vice.
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the nut that secures the steering cylinder
mounting stud.
•
Install the nut using a 1 1/16” wrench to turn the
nut and a 24 mm wrench to hold the nut on the
bottom of the stud. Tighten the nut to a torque of
150 ft.-lbs (200 Nm).
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the nut that secures the tie-rod end stud.
•
Connect the tie-rod end to the steering arm, and
tighten the nut to a torque of 49 ft-lbs (66 Nm)
using a 19 mm wrench.
8.25. Install the drop axle cover:
•
Apply a small bead of sealant such as Black
Loctite # 5900 to the mating surface.
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the bolts that secure the axle cover.
•
Install the cover to the drop axle housing, and
tighten the bolts to torque of 160-220 in-lbs. (1825 Nm). There is an embossed square on the
cover, but there is no need to orient it in any specific location.
8.27. Final assembly:
8.26. Install the drop axle assembly to the axle housing:
•
Apply a small bead of sealant such as Black
Loctite # 5900 to the mating surface.
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the bolts that secure the axle cover.
•
Confirm that the axle bearing, washer, and 14
tooth bevel gear, are in place at the end of the
axle shaft.
•
Position and support the drop axle assembly
against the axle housing.
•
Install the bolts that joint the kingpin housing to
the axle housing, and tighten the bolts to torque
of 220-280 in-lbs. (25-34 Nm).
•
Lubricate the o-ring seal that fits tin the groove in
the plug shaft, and slip it into position on the plug
shaft.
•
Install the plug shaft in the top of the kingpin
housing.
•
Position the washer on the plug shaft.
•
Install the drain plug and sealing washer in the
drop axle housing using an 11 mm wrench.
•
Fill the housing to level with the fill plug with
85W140.
•
Install the fill plug using a 16 mm wrench.
8.28. Lower the tractor to the ground, and tighten the
lugs to a torque of 55 ft.-lbs. (63 Nm) using a 21
mm wrench. Re-torque the wheels after 10
hours of operation.
8.29. Test the operation of the tractor before returning
it to service. Carefully check all serviced items
for:
•
Leaks
•
Looseness
•
Unusual noises
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9.
BENCH REPAIR: AXLES AND DIFFERENTIAL.
9.1.
Remove the MFD complete, as described in the
“REMOVAL” section of this manual.
9.2.
Lift and safely support the MFD on a convenient
work surface.
9.5.
Remove both drop-axle housings using a 17 mm
wrench. See Figure 9.5.
Drop axle housing separated
NOTE: Get assistance or use mechanical lifting
equipment. The MFD complete weighs roughly
150 lbs. (68 Kg.).
9.3.
If not previously done, drain the gear lube from
main housing and drop-axle housings, as
described in the “REMOVAL” section of this
manual. See Figure 9.3.
Steering arms
Tie rod
Figure 9.5
9.6.
NOTE: alternatively, the drop axles can be taken
off of the MFD before it is removed from the tractor.
Drain plug
removed
9.7.
Figure 9.3
9.4.
With both drop axle assemblies removed, the
MFD can be placed directly on the bench, at the
technician’s discretion.
The axles, outer axle bearings, 14 tooth bevel
gears, and washers can be removed from the
MFD at this point. See Figure 9.7.
Perimeter bolts
Disconnect the tie-rod ends from both steering
arms using a 16 mm wrench and a 17 mm
wrench.
NOTE: Drop axle gear lube:
•
If the drop axles are to be serviced, or there is a
chance that the gear lube they contain is contaminated, drain them as well.
•
If the drop axles are undamaged, and the gear
lube they contain is not contaminated, they need
not be drained for removal.
Figure 9.7
9.8.
Slightly loosen the perimeter bolts that hold the
axle housings together using a 13 mm wrench.
NOTE: The two axle housings are most easily
separated in the vertical position.
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9.9.
Separating the housings is best done in a vertical position. After the sealant between the two
housings is broken, securely stand the assembly
on-end to remove the bolts and separate the
housings.
See Figure 9.9.
9.11. A spacer resides between the inner axle bearing
and the differential bearing. See Figure 9.11.
Spacer
Left side
differential
bearing
Figure 9.11
NOTE: Back-lash is set by the shim washers
beneath the differential. The spacer sets the
residual end-play after back-lash is set.
Figure 9.9
9.10. Lift the smaller left housing off of the larger right
housing. See Figure 9.10.
9.12. The differential housing can be easily grasped
and lifted out of the right side axle housing.
See Figure 9.12.
Spacer sleeve
Left inner axle
bearing
Left side
axle housing
Figure 9.10
Figure 9.12
NOTE: The left housing at this point contains
only an inner axle bearing and a sleeve that fits
into that bearing. Both can be removed with light
pressure.
NOTE: The differential must be manipulated so
that the ring gear clears the pinion gear.
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9.17. After the nut is de-staked, use the front wheel
drive shaft to hold the pinion shaft, while tuning
the nut with a 1 1/4” wrench. See Figure 9.17.
9.13. Beneath the differential housing are shim washers, between the right side differential bearing
and the right side inner axle bearing.
See Figure 9.13.
Shim washers
Front drive shaft
Right side
axle bearing
(inboard)
Pinion gear
Figure 9.17
Figure 9.13
NOTE: A damaged driveshaft, cut-off to a length
of 1’ may be kept as a permanent pinion tool.
NOTE: Keep track of the size and number of
these washers.
9.18. Remove the nut and washers from the pinion
shaft. keep track of the size, quantity, and position of the washers. See Figure 9.18.
9.14. The shim washers and inner axle bearing can be
easily removed from the right side axle housing.
9.15. The right side axle housing also contains the
pinion gear and bearings.
Nut
9.16. The nut that holds the pinion assembly in place
is staked into position. The staking must be
chiseled-out. See Figure 9.16.
Washers
Pinion shaft
Seal
Staked nut
Washers
Seal
Spacer
Pinion
Figure 9.18
9.19. Drive the pinion gear into the inside of the differential using a soft hammer or drift.
Figure 9.16
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9.20. Remove the spacer that fits between the pinion
shaft and the seal. See Figure 9.20.
9.22. If the pinion bearings are suspect, drive the
outer races from the pinion bore as well. Keep
the races associated with the same bearings
that originally ran in them. See Figure 9.22.
Soft drift
Inner pinion race
Spacer
Figure 9.20
Figure 9.22
9.21. Pry out the pinion seal. The outer pinion bearing
will come out when the seal is removed.
See Figure 9.21.
9.23. Remove the right side differential bearing and
spacer sleeve from the differential.
See Figure 9.23.
Bearing race
Right side
differential
bearing
Tapered
roller bearing
Spacer sleeve
Seal
Figure 9.21
Figure 9.23
9.24. To disassemble the differential, fixture the differential assembly in a soft-jaw vice.
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9.28. The second 16 tooth miter gear can be removed,
along with the second differential bearing (right
side), after the 10 tooth miter gears are out.
See Figure 9.28.
9.25. Drive the roll pin from the cross pin that the miter
gears ride on using a flat-nosed drift.
See Figure 9.25.
Right side
differential bearing
Cross pin
Roll pin
Hardened
washer
Miter gears
Ring
gear bolt
Figure 9.25
Figure 9.28
9.26. When the roll pin is out, the cross pin can be
withdrawn through the side of the differential
housing.
9.29. The ring gear bolts can be removed using a 13
mm wrench.
9.30. Clean and inspect all components.
9.27. With the cross pin removed, the 10 tooth miter
gears, and the spherical thrust bearings that fit
behind them can be removed. See Figure 9.27.
Spherical
thrust
washer
16 tooth
miter gear
10 tooth miter gear
•
Replace all of the seals and o-rings.
•
Replace the stake nut that goes on the pinion
shaft.
•
If the bearings show signs of damage, wear, or
roughness, replace them.
NOTE: Do not spin bearings with an air gun to
dry them.
Cross pin
10 tooth
miter gear
•
Replace any components that show wear or
damage.
•
Replace the ring and pinion gears as a set if
either shows signs of wear or damage.
•
Replace the miter gears as a complete set of
any show wear or damage.
Figure 9.27
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9.31. Install the pinion assembly: gear, washers, bearings, spacer, o-ring. See Figure 9.31.
9.38. Tighten the pinion nut until the pinion gear is
subject to 25-30 in-lbs (2.825-3.40) of drag. To
measure pinion drag: See Figure 9.38.
Washers
Pinion gear (input shaft)
groove
for O-ring
Checking pinion
drag
stake nut
O-ring
Spacer
Tapered roller bearings
(pinion bearings)
Figure 9.31
Figure 9.38
9.32. Drive new outer races into place if the pinion
bearings have been replaced.
•
Slip a shop towel over the splines on the pinion
shaft.
•
Use a 19 mm 12 point socket, on a torque
wrench to turn the pinion shaft.
9.34. Slip the outer pinion bearing onto the pinion
shaft.
•
Read the pinion drag on the scale of the torque
wrench.
9.35. Lubricate the new o-ring, and slide it into position on the pinion shaft.
•
Tighten the nut to increase drag, loosen the nut
to decrease drag.
9.36. Twist and push the spacer over the o-ring. The
o-ring forms the seal between the O.D. of the
pinion shaft and the I.D. of the spacer.
•
Mark the position of the nut in relation to the
shaft once the correct drag is achieved. This
can be done with a paint marker or marker pen.
9.33. Install the inner pinion bearing on the pinion
shaft, and install the shaft from the inside of the
right axle housing.
9.37. Install the washers and pinion nut onto the pinion gear.
NOTE: For the purpose of setting the back lash,
the cross-shaft, miter gears, and pinion gears
may be left out of the differential. This will make
alignment and fitting much easier, but will not
effect the measurement.
NOTE: In some applications, a variety of washers are available to adjust the depth of the pinion
gear in the case. On the Cub Cadet Series 5000
MFD, all of the backlash adjustment is done by
shimming the differential from side to side. No
adjustment is intended to be done on the pinion.
9.39. Install the ring gear to the differential housing, if
it has been removed. Apply a small amount of
thread locking compound such as Loctite 242
(blue), and tighten the bolts to a torque of 160220 in-lbs(18-25 N-m).
NOTE: If no major components have been
replaced, simply replacing the original shim
washers in their original positions is likely to
result in the correct ring and pinion gear backlash setting. Otherwise, some adjustment may
be necessary.
9.40. Suspend the right axle housing so that it hangs
in a vertical position, with 18” (46 cm) of clear
access beneath it.
NOTE: Any number of means can be improvised
to suspend the axle housing by the pivot journal,
with the drop axle housing on the ground for stability.
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9.44. Position wood blocks or similar supports (base
plates from a hydraulic press work well) to hold
the flange on the outer end of the axle housing
about 1.25” (3.175 cm) above the work bench.
This will provide a stable support for the assembly, and hold the axle shaft in place.
9.41. Install the right inboard axle bearing in the housing.
9.42. Stick the anticipated amount of shim washers to
the right side differential bearing with grease.
Shims are available in thicknesses from .005” to
.025” (.127mm to .635) in .005” increments. Use
as required to achieve correct back lash. See
Figure 9.42.
9.45. Install the right side axle shaft (with outer bearing, washer, and pinion gear) into the right side
axle housing from beneath. See Figure 9.45.
Right side
differential
bearing
Shim
washers
Insert axle shaft
9/16” socket
used as an
alignment tool
Figure 9.42
Figure 9.45
NOTE: Make sure the washers are all aligned
with the spacer sleeve in the right side differential bearing. The inside diameter of the spacer
sleeve and washers is .780” (1.98 cm). A typical
deep 9/16” (14 mm) socket can be used as a
pilot tool.
9.46. Carefully lift the axle housing onto the work
bench. See Figure 9.46.
Right axle housing standing
securely on flange
9.43. Position the differential in the right side axle
housing.
See Figure 9.43.
Right axle shaft
Figure 9.46
Right axle housing suspended by pivot journals,
roughly 18” (45.72 cm) above floor.
Figure 9.43
•
Maintain a vertical position while moving the
assembly.
•
Support the axle shaft with one hand during
movement.
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9.49. Position the differential set-up plate tool over the
dowel pins and differential bearing.
See Figure 9.49.
9.47. Position the left side inner axle bearing, with its
spacer sleeve, on the differential.
See Figure 9.47.
Spacer sleeve
Differential set-up
spacer tool aligned
on dowel pins
Left side inner
axle bearing
Figure 9.47
Figure 9.49
9.48. Insert the left axle shaft through the bearings
(inner axle bearing and differential bearing).
See Figure 9.48.
9.50. Dimensions for the fabrication of a differential
set-up plate tool are given below:
See
Figure 9.50.
Differential set-up
plate tool dimensions CL
2.440” DIA.
.315” DIA.
1.730”
CL
1.730”
.315” DIA.
Figure 9.50
Figure 9.48
9.51. The set-up plate tool is necessary to stabilize the
differential, permitting the accurate measurement of the backlash between the ring gear and
the pinion gear.
NOTE: It is extremely difficult to get a dial indicator to register properly on the ring gear.
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9.54. After backlash is set, it is necessary to set the
remainder of the end play between the differential and the left side axle housing.
9.52. Use blue plastigage having a range of .004”.009” (.102-.229 mm) to measure the clearance
between the ring gear and the pinion gear.
See Figure 9.52.
9.55. Remove the differential set-up plate tool.
9.56. Confirm the presence of the spacer washer
between the left differential bearing and the left
inner axle bearing.
9.57. Add a known quantity of additional shim washers
having an inside diameter of .780” (1.98 cm).
The differential will be intentionally overshimmed. See Figure 9.57.
Blue plastigage
Spacer
and shims
Left side
differential
bearing
Figure 9.52
•
Position the plastigage so that it compresses
only against one side of the teeth. If it wraps
around one of the teeth, it will give a false reading.
•
The measurement should be taken on the
unloaded side of the gear. If the plastigage is
put on the loaded side of the gear, it will give a
false reading.
Figure 9.57
9.58. Position the left inner axle bearing, and install
the left axle through the bearings and shims.
See Figure 9.58.
9.53. Add or remove shims from beneath the differential as necessary to obtain backlash of .009”+
.004” (.229 mm + .102mm). Repeat the measurement after each change to confirm the
results. See Figure 9.53.
Left side inner
axle bearing
Left side
axle shaft
Plastigage after compression between gears:
compare to measurements on envelope to
determine backlash
Figure 9.58
Figure 9.53
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9.59. Install the right side axle housing for measurement purposes. See Figure 9.59.
9.61. Remove the axle shaft, bearing, washer, and
bevel gear by carefully lowering them out of the
housing. See Figure 9.61.
Gently tighten bolts
to establish even
gap around perimeter
Lowering the right
side axle shaft out
of the housing
Check gap
between
housings
Figure 9.59
Figure 9.61
•
•
Start at least 4 of the 8 bolts that hold the two
housings together.
Tighten them far enough to obtain an even gap
between the two housings. Do not exceed 20 inlbs. of torque at this stage.
•
Measure and record the gap between the housings with a feeler gauge.
•
Carefully remove the bolts, left side axle housing, bearings, and washers.
•
From the shim washers between the left side
inner axle bearing and the left side differential
bearing, remove an amount of washers having a
total thickness equal to the gap between the
housings plus .003”-.010” (.076-.254 mm).
•
9.62. Remove the differential for final assembly.
9.63. To assemble the differential:
•
Install the ring gear to the differential housing (if
not done previously).
•
Apply a small amount of thread locking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue), and tighten
the bolts to a torque of 160-220 in-lbs. (18-25
Nm).
9.64. Install the differential bearing and 16 tooth miter
gear that go in the back of the housing, behind
the 10 tooth miter gears. See Figure 9.64.
10 tooth miter
gear
This should establish the amount of shimming
necessary between the two bearings to maintain
.003”-.010” (.076-.254 mm) end play.
16 tooth
miter gear
9.60. Lift the right axle and differential assembly back
onto whatever means was used to suspend it for
the installation of the differential.
•
Maintain a vertical position while moving the
assembly.
Cross shaft
•
Support the axle shaft with one hand during
movement.
Spherical thrust
washer
•
If the technician is not comfortable lifting the
weight of the axle assembly, they should seek
an assistant to help move the axle assembly to
the bench.
Figure 9.64
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9.70. Install the right side axle, as was done previously for the back lash measurement.
9.65. Install the two 10 tooth miter gears (flanking the
16 tooth miter gear), spherical thrust washers,
and cross shaft. See Figure 9.65.
NOTE: Confirm that the roll pin in the cross shaft
engages the bore in the end of the axle shaft.
9.71. Carefully lift the right side axle assembly back
onto the work bench, as was done previously for
the back lash measurement.
Spherical
thrust washer
9.72. Install the necessary shim washers or spacer, as
determined earlier by the end play measurement. See Figure 9.72.
Install differential and shims.
Figure 9.65
9.66. Secure the cross shaft by driving in a new roll
pin with a flat-nosed drift. See Figure 9.65.
Roll pin
10 tooth
miter gears
Figure 9.72
9.73. Position the left side axle bearing and axle in the
differential. The shim washers should be
between the differential bearing and the bearing
that supports the inboard end of the axle. See
Figure 9.73.
Cross shaft
Install left side axle and bearing.
Figure 9.66
9.67. Install the second 16 tooth miter gear, and the
right side axle bearing in the differential.
NOTE: Confirm that the 16 tooth miter gears are
both centered in the differential housing.
9.68. Stick the appropriate shim washers to the right
side differential bearing with grease, as was
done previously for the back-lash measurement.
9.69. Install the differential in the right side axle housing.
Figure 9.73
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9.79. Install the washer and 14 tooth bevel gear on the
end of the axle shaft. See Figure 9.79.
NOTE: Confirm that the axle shaft is fully seated
in the differential assembly, with the roll pin in
the bore in the end of the axle.
14 Tooth
bevel gear
Washer
9.74. Apply small bead of sealant such as Loctite
5900 to the mating surfaces where the left and
right axle housings join.
9.75. Place the axle housing over the axle shaft and
bearing. The stop bolts on the top of each housing can be used to confirm correct orientation.
9.76. Install the bearing that supports the outboard
end of the axle shaft. See Figure 9.76.
Outer axle
bearing
Figure 9.79
Left axle
housing
9.80. Apply a thin bead of sealant to the mating surface where the drop axle assembly meets the
left axle housing.
9.81. Apply a small amount of threadlocking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the 4 bolts used to fasten the drop axle housing to the left axle housing.
Right axle
housing
9.82. Install the left side drop axle and secure it with
the four bolts. Tighten the bolts to a torque of
220-280 in-lbs. (25-34 Nm) using a 16 mm
wrench.
See Figure 9.82.
Figure 9.76
9.77. Apply a small amount of threadlocking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads
of the 8 bolts used to fasten the left and right
axle housings together.
9.78. Install the bolts, and tighten them to a torque of
160-220 in-lbs. (18-25 Nm) using a 13 mm
wrench.
Install drop
axle bolts (4)
Figure 9.82
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9.87. Use the front wheel drive shaft to hold the pinion
shaft, while using a 1 1/4” wrench to loosen the
nut from the pinion shaft. See Figure 9.87.
9.83. Orientation:
•
The steering arms should extend to the rear.
•
The drop axle should extend downward.
•
The input shaft on the axle points to the rear,
and the travel stop bolts are on the top of the
axle housings.
•
There is a dowel pin at the bottom mating surface of the axle housing.
•
The drop axle housings will only fit in the correct
direction if they are on the correct sides of the
axle assembly.
•
The bolts that limit the pivot travel of the MFD
indicate the top of the housing. The drain plug
indicates the bottom.
Remove pinion stake nut
9.84. Position the MFD assembly so that the right side
of the axle housing is accessible. Install the
washer and bevel gear on the end of the axle.
See Figure 9.84.
Figure 9.87
9.88. Remove the nut and washers from the pinion
shaft.
9.89. Lubricate the lip of the seal, and install it in the
housing. See Figure 9.89.
Spacer
Seal
Figure 9.84
9.85. Apply sealant to the mating surface, apply
threadlocking compound to the bolt threads, and
install the right side drop axle housing in the
same manner as the left side drop axle housing.
Figure 9.89
9.86. To install the pinion seal, position the MFD so
that the pinion shaft is easily accessible, and the
MFD is supported in a safe and stable position.
NOTE: It may be easier to get the lip positioned
correctly if the pinion spacer is pulled-out
slightly.
NOTE: Use a seal driver that applies force to the
outer edge of the seal to seat it into the housing.
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Domestic Series 5000 MFD
9.90. Install the washers and nut. tighten them until
the match marks made previously align.
9.91. Stake the nut so that it does not loosen.
See Figure 9.91.
Figure 9.91
9.92. Install the tie rod.
•
Use a 17 mm wrench to turn the tie rod end nuts,
and a 16 mm wrench to keep the studs from
turning in the tie rod ends.
•
Tighten the nuts to a torque of and tighten the
nut to a torque of 264-312 in.-lbs (30-35 Nm)
using a 3/4” wrench.
NOTE: If the nylon locking ring on the tie-rod
end nuts is worn, replace the nuts or apply a
small amount of threadlocking compound such
as Loctite 242 (blue) before installation.
9.93. Install the MFD in the tractor as described in the
MFD INSTALLATION section of this manual.
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Domestic Series 5000 MFD
10.
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ring Gear Bolts
Perimiter Bolts (axle housing)
Kingpin Housing to Axle Housing
Axle Cover
Stop Bolts (top of axle housings)
Steering Arm to Kingpin Housing
Tie Rod End Nuts
Tie Rod End Jam Nuts
Steering Cylinder Stud to Housing
Steering Cylinder Stud Nut
Steering Cylinder Mounting Bracket
Axle Mounting Bracket
Fill Plug
Drain Plug
Pinion Drag (Not tightening troque)
Lug Nuts
Torque SAE
160-220 in-lbs
160-220 in-lbs
220-280 in-lbs
160-220 in-lbs
220-280 in-lbs
220-280 in-lbs
49 ft-lbs
360-420 in-lbs
267 ft-lbs
150 ft-lbs
75 ft-lbs
75 ft-lbs
220-280 in-lbs
220-280 in-lbs
25-30 in-lbs
55 ft-lbs
Torque Metric
18-25 Nm
18-25 Nm
25-34 Nm
18-25 Nm
25-34 Nm
25-34 Nm
66 Nm
488-570 Nm
362 Nm
136 Nm
100 Nm
100 Nm
25-34 Nm
25-34 Nm
2.825-3.4 Nm
63 Nm
Notes:
242 blue*: Loctite may be applied if
nylon locking feature is worn.
Replacement preferred.
re-torque*: Re-torque after 10 hrs. of operation.
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Loctite
242 blue
242 blue
242 blue
242 blue
242 blue
242 blue
242 blue *
242 blue *
242 blue *
242 blue *
242 blue
242 blue
no
no
stake
re-torque*
www.mymowerparts.com
Cub Series 5000 Rear Axle
Cub Series 5000 Rear Axle
1.4.
REASON FOR CHANGE:
The rear axles of Cub Cadet Series 5000 compact tractors built during 2003, with serial numbers lower than
that are used with a backhoe attachment should be upgraded part of the backhoe installation process.
Place a clean drain pan under the front of the
transmission housing. Remove the drain plug
using a 5/8” wrench. See Figure 1.4.
The upgraded axles are dimensionally identical to the
original axles. They can be identified by the letters
“BH” stamped on the end if the axle.
1.
PREPARATION:
1.1.
Position the tractor on firm level ground.
1.2.
Clean the areas surrounding the rear axle horns
to prevent dirt from contaminating the transmission fluid. If the fluid is to be partially drained
and re-used, clean the areas surrounding the
drain plug as well.
1.3.
Drain plug
Figure 1.4
If other attachments such as a cutting deck are
presently on the tractor it will be easier to drain
roughly 3 gallons of fluid out of the transmission
than to remove the attachments. This may be
the case when a customer anticipates the installation of a backhoe in the near future. If there
are no attachments mounted on the tractor yet,
tilting the tractor at a 20 degree angle will permit
the procedure to be done without draining the
fluid.
See Figure 1.3.
1.5.
After draining sufficient transmission fluid, install
the drain pug.
1.6.
If the tractor has no attachments installed, it can
be safely lifted and supported at a 20 degree
angle. See Figure 1.6.
Tractor without
attachments
Tractor with
mower
Figure 1.6
Figure 1.3
NOTE: At this angle, the axle can be removed
with minimal loss of fluid.
1.7.
Remove the left rear wheel using a 3/4” socket.
1.8.
Place a drain pan under the left rear axle seal.
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Cub Series 5000 Rear Axle
1.9.
1.11. With the retaining ring removed, the axle can be
drawn out of the transmission, along with the
axle bearing. See Figure 1.11.
With the left rear wheel removed, the left axle
seal can be easily reached and removed.
See Figure 1.9.
Axle seal
Withdraw axle
Figure 1.11
Figure 1.9
1.12. With the axle removed, it can be compared to
the replacement axle to confirm correct length.
See Figure 1.12.
1.10. The seal covers a retaining ring that secures the
axle bearing. Remove the retaining ring.
See Figure 1.10.
New
left axle
Retaining ring
Right axle
Original
left axle
Figure 1.12
Figure 1.10
NOTE: The left axle is slightly longer than the
right axle. When the two axles are positioned
flange-to-flange, the difference is apparent.
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Cub Series 5000 Rear Axle
2.
AXLE ASSEMBLY
2.3.
2.1.
If the replacement axle does not have studs
installed, new studs should be driven into the
holes in the drive flange. See Figure 2.1.
Put the retaining ring on the axle, with the
sharper edge facing the seal.
2.4.
Install the axle bearing on the axle.
See Figure 2.4.
Bearing
Drive in studs
Retaining ring
Seal
Figure 2.4
Figure 2.1
2.2.
Lubricate the portion of the axle between the
machined surface for the seal and the drive
flange. Install the seal on the axle shaft. Carefully slip the seal over the shoulders on the
machined surfaces. Use a seal protector sleeve
if available. See Figure 2.2.
Machined surface
for seal lip
2.5.
Secure the bearing with a new hog ring. the hog
ring can be driven into place with an old bearing
or appropriate size piece of tubing.
See Figure 2.5.
Hog ring
Lubricate
Seal
Drive flange
Figure 2.5
Figure 2.2
NOTE: After installation, examine the hog ring to
confirm that it has not stretched out of shape,
and is fully seated in the groove in the axle.
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Cub Series 5000 Rear Axle
3.5.
3.
INSTALL THE NEW AXLE.
3.1.
Slip the axle into the transmission housing. It
may be necessary to rotate the axle in order to
get the splines on the end to engage the splines
on the differential assembly. Once in place, it
may be necessary to lightly drive the axle home
with a dead blow hammer. Significant force
should not be required. See Figure 3.1.
Carefully pry the seal into the bore. Use a piece
of dimensional lumber, or similar object to press
with. This will ensure that the seal is pressed in
evenly, and winds up flush with the outer surface
of the housing. A brake adjustment spoon or
similar tool can be used to apply force to the
item used to press the seal in. See Figure 3.5.
2X4 to press seal
Brake spoon to
pry 2X4
Stamped”
Figure 3.5
Figure 3.1
3.2.
Install the retaining ring in the groove in the
housing. Confirm that the ring is fully seated in
the groove. See Figure 3.2.
Retaining ring fully
seated in groove
3.6.
Install the rear wheel using a 3/4” socket.
3.7.
Lower the tractor to the ground. Tighten the lug
nuts to a torque of 60-70 ft.lbs.
3.8.
Safely lift and support the other side of the tractor in similar fashion to the first side.
3.9.
Repeat the procedure on the second side.
3.10. Replace any lost transmission fluid with Cub
Cadet hydraulic drive system fluid plus. (P/N
737-3120: Qt. P/N 737-3121 Gal.)
3.11. Test-run the tractor in a safe area before returning it to service.
3.12. Check lug nut torque after 10 hours of use.
Figure 3.2
3.3.
Confirm that the axle is lubricated and free of foreign objects that may damage the lip of the seal.
3.4.
Slide the seal into position at the end of the axle
bore in the housing.
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Series 5000 deck adapter kit 190-830-100
Series 5000 deck adapter kit 190-830-100
1.8.
ABOUT THIS SECTION:
The 190-830-100 deck adapter kit enables a mid
mount cutting deck to be mounted on the Series 5000
Cub Cadet tractor. It should be ordered by the dealer
in conjunction with the intended mower deck: without
the deck a dapter, the deck cannot be mounted.
1.
PREPARATION AND BRACKETS:
1.1.
Compare the contents of the kit to the parts list.
confirm that all the parts are present and identify
the parts for assembly purposes.
1.2.
Position the tractor in a clear, safe work area
with sufficient room to move around the tractor,
and at least 8’ of clear space to the right of the
tractor.
1.3.
Chock the front wheels.
1.4.
Loosen the lug nuts on the right rear wheel using
a 3/4” socket.
1.5.
Lift and safely support the right rear of the tractor.
1.6.
Remove the right rear wheel.
1.7.
Remove the lynch pin securing the right lift link
to the right lift arm (three point hitch) at the rear
of the tractor, and disconnect the lift link from the
lift arm.
See Figure 1.7.
Attach the rear hanger brackets (left and right) to
each side of the tractor frame. The pin on each
bracket should face outward, near the lower rear
corner of the bracket. See Figure 1.8.
Rear hanger bracket
Figure 1.8
1.9.
Tighten the bolts to the weld nuts at 70-80 ft.-lbs.
using a 3/4” socket.
1.10. Attach the front hanger brackets (left and right)
to the front corners of the frame They should be
oriented so that the the box sections are on the
inside of the brackets, and the slots on the front.
Tighten the bolts to 70-80 ft.-lbs. using a pair of
3/4” wrenches.
See Figure 1.10.
Lift arm
Lift link
Figure 1.7
Front hanger brackets
Figure 1.10
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Series 5000 deck adapter kit 190-830-100
1.11. Install the lift crank rod from the back of the tractor. Teh rolled eyelets at each end of the rod
should face down. The off-set section at the
center of the rod whould face out, away from the
frame, and the longer end of the rod should be
toward the back of the tractor. See Figure 1.11.
2.
LIFT SHAFT AND ARMS:
2.1.
Install one Double-D bushing in the right side
frame, with the flange outside the frame.
See Figure 2.1.
Lift crank rod
Bushing
Lift crank rod
Figure 2.1
Figure 1.11
2.2.
1.12. Attach the lift rod crank to the rear lift arm with a
clevis pin. the clevis pin should be oriented so
that the hairpin clip that secures it is on the
inside of the arm. See Figure 1.12.
Slip the right side lift arm (from the kit) onto the
lift shaft so that the hollow post rests in the notch
on the arm that is welded to the lift shaft.
See Figure 2.2.
Right side lift arm
Lift arm
Lift crank rod
Hollow post
Lift shaft
Clevis pin
Arm, welded to lift shaft
Hairpin clip
Figure 2.2
Figure 1.12
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Series 5000 deck adapter kit 190-830-100
2.3.
Install the lift shaft in the frame, through the Double-D bushing. Hook the front eyelet on the lift
crank rod over the solid post on the right side lift
arm.
See Figure 2.3.
3.
HANGER TO DECK CONNECTIONS
3.1.
Assemble the hanger rod mounting pins to the
front hanger rod, then install the nylon locking
nuts onto the hanger rod ends. Tighten the nuts
until they are about 1” from the ends of the rod.
See Figure 3.1.
Lift crank rod
Lift shaft and right
side lift arm in place
Front hanger rod
Figure 2.3
Hanger rod mounting pins
2.4.
Install the second Double-D bushingover the lift
shaft and into the left side of the frame.
2.5.
Install the left side lift arm on the lift shaft so that
it is parallel with the right side lift arm. The holes
in the arm must align with the holes in the lift
shaft. The arm should be stepped-out away
from the frame.
See Figure 2.5.
Figure 3.1
Tension pins
3.2.
Slide the shouldered ends of the hanger rod
mounting pins into the slots in the front hanger
brackets, so that the bottom of the rod is roughly
parallel to the ground.
3.3.
Install the fixed lift link between the inner and
outer brackets welded near the back of the deck,
on the right side.
See Figure 3.3.
Bushing
Fixed link
Left side lift arm,
in position
Spacer tube
Figure 2.5
2.6.
Secure the left side arm to the lift shaft with the
two tension pins.
2.7.
Secure the lift crank rod to the right side lift arm
using a hairpin clip.
Figure 3.3
NOTE: The spacer tube is outboard of the lift
link, on the bolt. Tightne the bolt to a torque of
70-80 ft.-lbs. using a pair of 3/4” wrenches.
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Series 5000 deck adapter kit 190-830-100
3.4.
Install the clevis end of the adjustable lift link
between the inner and outer brackets welded
near the back of the deck, on the left side.
See Figure 3.4.
4.
MATING THE DECK TO THE TRACTOR
4.1.
Remove the hairpin clips and clevis pins that
prevent the rear deck caster wheels from swiveling.
4.2.
Install the retaining ring on the input shaft of teh
gearbox on the cutting deck. It acts as a stop for
the driveshaft.
4.3.
Connect the drive shaft to the deck, and secure
it with the socket head cap screw as a throughbolt. Tighten the nut to 12 ft.-lbs. using a 1/2”
wrench and a 1/4” allen wrench.
4.4.
Fold the lift links and side braces to the rear.
4.5.
Fold the fixed link and adjustable link to the front
and slide the deck under the tractor from the
right side.
See Figure 4.5.
Spacer tube
Adjustable link
Figure 3.4
NOTE: The spacer tube is outboard of the lift
link, on the bolt. Tighten the bolt to a torque of
70-80 ft.-lbs. using a pair of 3/4” wrenches.
3.5.
Connect the deck lift links (flat links with fixed
spherical bearing ends) to the inner brackets
near the back of the frame (left and right) using
clevis pins and hairpin clips.
3.6.
Connect the deck side braces (flat links with
plain ends) to the outer-most location on the
brackets (left and right) at the rear of the deck
using shoulder bolts. They should be oriented to
angle inward from the mounting point on the
deck. Tighten the bolts to a torque of 70-80 ft.lbs. using a 15/16” wrench and a 3/4” wrench.
Figure 4.5
NOTE: After initial installation of the deck lift kit,
it is not neccessary to remove the rear wheel to
install the deck.
4.6.
Hook the front hanger rod into the bracket at the
front of the deck.
4.7.
Slide the collar on the rear drive shaft yoke to
connect it to the 2000 R.P.M. P.T.O. output shaft
on the front of the transmission.
4.8.
Connect the adjustable link to the lift arm on the
left side of the frame using a clevis pin and hairpin clip.
4.9.
Connect the fixed link to the lift arm on the right
side of the tractor using a clevis pin and hairpin
clip.
4.10. Engage the forward end of each lift link to the pin
on the front hanger bracket.
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Series 5000 deck adapter kit 190-830-100
4.11. Connect each side brace to the pin on the front
hanger bracket, and secure each with a lynch
pin.
NOTE: It may be neccessary to lift the front of
the deck to make the final connection.
4.12. Install the clevis pins and hairpin clips that fix the
caster wheels.
4.13. Install the rear wheel, and lower the tractor to the
ground.
4.14. Torque the lug nuts to 60-70 ft.-lbs. using a 3/4”
wrench.
4.15. Check the air pressure in the tires: it should be
15 psi., and evenly matched between the left
and right sides.
4.16. Ensure that no dangerous conditions will arise
from starting the tractor. Start the tractor and lift
the deck clear of the ground, to roughly the midpoint of it’s up/down travel.
4.17. Turn the engine off and remove the keys from
the key switch.
NOTE: Effective cutting height of the deck is
measured at the bottom of the blade tips when
they are appropriately positioned for the measurement to be taken (latteral for side-to-side
leveling, longintudinal for fore/aft adjustment).
Use caution when rotating the blades. Heavy
gloves ar reccomended.
4.18. Level the deck side-to-side using the adjustable
link on the left side. Lock the turnbuckle wiht the
jam nut using two 3/4” wrenches.
4.19. Use the nylon locking nuts on the front hanger
rod to adjust the fore/aft attitude of the deck. It
should be roughly 1/4” lower at the front than at
the back for most cutting conditions. Both ends
of the hanger rod should be under equal tension
when the adjustment is correct.
4.20. Operate the tractor, and test all operational functions before returning it to service.
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Domestic Compact Dash and Steering Pump
Domestic Compact Dash and Steering Pump
1.4.
ABOUT THIS SECTION:
The parking brake linkage, throttle lever and cable,
power steering pump, and portions of the electrical system are accessible by removing the dash panel. It may
be possible to service these systems without removing
the dash panel. Removing the dash is a relatively simple procedure, and the ease of access provided by
doing so will save time.
1.
DASH PANEL REMOVAL
1.1.
Park the tractor on a firm level surface, open the
hood, and disconnect the negative battery cable.
1.2.
Removing the two phillips head screws at the
top of the insert panel will allow the panel to be
tilted back and lifted out of the dash panel.
See Figure 1.2.
The switches can be removed by squeezing the
tabs on the short sides of the switch body, and
pushing them up through the dash panel.
See Figure 1.2.
Hazard flasher switch
Headlight switch
PTO switch
Figure 1.4
NOTE: It is not necessary to disconnect or
remove the switches to remove the dash panel.
Screws
Insert
panel
1.5.
Disconnect the wiring harness from the instrument panel. The plug can be reached from
under the hood.
See Figure 1.5.
Instrument panel
Harness
connector
Figure 1.2
1.3.
With the insert panel removed, the fuse and
relay center can be easily reached in the lower
right corner of the dash.
Instrument
panel mounting
screws
Figure 1.5
NOTE: If the instrument panel is to be removed,
the three screws that secure it can be removed
using a 7/16” wrench.
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Domestic Compact Dash and Steering Pump
1.6.
Use a pair of 1/2” wrenches to loosen the bolts
flanking the instrument panel on the inside of the
dash panel. The mounting holes in the dash
panel are slotted, so the bolts need not be completely removed.
1.7.
There are tabs on the perimeter of the steering
wheel cover that clip into each spoke of the
steering wheel. Depress these tabs and pry off
the cover.
See Figure 1.7.
1.11. There is a shoulder bushing and flat washer on
the steering shaft. They provide support for the
steering shaft boot, and reduce friction between
it and the steering shaft. Remove them.
See Figure 1.11.
Shoulder bushing
Steering wheel cover
Steering shaft
Flat washer
Nut
Belleville
Washer
Steering shaft
Figure 1.11
1.12. Remove the side panels from the engine compartment.
Figure 1.7
1.8.
The nut and belleville washer that secure the
steering wheel can be removed using a 1/2”
wrench.
1.9.
Remove the steering wheel. It may be necessary to drive the steering wheel off of the splined
steering shaft using a soft dead-blow hammer.
1.13. Disconnect the throttle cable from the injector
pump on diesel powered tractors. On Caterpillar
engines, the cable is connected to the pump with
a hairpin clip and clevis pin. Use a 5/16” wrench
and a 3/8” wrench to loosen the cable clamp.
See Figure 1.13.
1.10. The bottom lip of the steering shaft boot can be
easily separated from the dash panel.
Clevis
pin
Cable
clamp
Figure 1.13
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Domestic Compact Dash and Steering Pump
1.14. On Briggs & Stratton / Daihatsu engines, a Z-fitting connects the cable to the pump. An 8mm
wrench will fit the screw on the cable clamp.
See Figure 1.14.
1.16. Remove the two phillips head screws that
secure the lower rear corners of the dash panel.
See Figure 1.16.
Screw
Cable
clamp
Z-fitting
Figure 1.16
Figure 1.14
1.17. Disconnect the dash wiring harness from the
main wiring harness by unplugging the connector that is near the fuse / relay center.
1.15. On gasoline powered tractors, the choke cable
must also be disconnected. Use an 8mm
wrench to loosen the cable clamps, then unhook
the z-fittings. See Figure 1.15.
1.18. Use a 1/2” wrench to remove the two screws
holding the base of the dash panel to the pedestal. See Figure 1.18.
Fuse and relay
center
Throttle cable
Screws
Choke
cable
Main harness
Figure 1.15
Connector
Figure 1.18
1.19. Close the hood.
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Dash
harness
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Domestic Compact Dash and Steering Pump
1.23. The choke cable on gasoline engined tractors
passes through the large opening in the pedestal, below and to the left of the steering column
bracket. See Figure 1.23.
1.20. Carefully lift the dash panel and remove it from
the tractor. Confirm that the wiring harness and
control cables do not snag as they pull out with
the dash panel. See Figure 1.20.
2 Back
1 Up
Choke cable
Figure 1.20
Figure 1.23
1.24. The choke cable then passes through the grommeted hole at the lower right corner of the lower
heat shield. See Figure 1.24.
1.21. Dash panel installation is essenitally the the
reverse of the removal process. The following
tips may ease the installation:
1.22. Route the control cables as the dash panel is
lowered into place. The throttle cable passes
through the grommeted hole at the top right corner of the lower heat shield. See Figure 1.22.
Throttle cable
Choke cable
Throttle cable
Figure 1.24
1.25. Lower the dash panel into positon, so that the
slotted holes flanking the instrument panel slip
over the bolts between the heavy flat washers
and the pedestal.
Figure 1.22
1.26. Confirm that the lower rear cornerof the dash
panel has cleared the brake pedal.
1.27. Confirm that the lower right mounting point has
cleared the fuse and relay center.
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Domestic Compact Dash and Steering Pump
1.28. Connect the choke and throttle control cables in
the slack position.
2.
THE DASH PANEL
2.1.
The primary reason to remove the dash panel
would be to gain access to the following items:
•
parking brake linkage, mounted to the pedestal
•
steering shaft & pump, mounted to the pedestal
•
throttle assembly, mounted to the dash panel
2.2.
There are electrical components (instrument
panel, key switch, dash panel wire harness, PTO
switch , hazard flasher switch, headlight switch,
hazard flasher relay) mounted to the dash panel.
It is not necessary to remove the dash panel to
service any of these components.
See Figure 2.2.
1.29. On gasoline powered tractors:
•
Apply full choke, confirm that the choke plate is
fully closed, tighten the choke cable clamp.
•
Release the choke, confirm that the choke plate
in the carburetor opens fully.
NOTE: If the choke does not fully close, the tractor will be extremely difficult to start when the
engine is cold.
1.30. Adjust the throttle cable so that the wide open
throttle travel stop on the injector pump or carburetor coincides with the full throttle travel stop on
the control lever.
Hazard
flasher switch
Throttle
1.31. Tighten the throttle cable clamp.
1.32. If the throttle lever has been disassembled, confirm that sufficient friction exists to maintain a
throttle setting. Do not apply so much friction
that the throttle lever becomes difficult to move.
PTO switch
Headlight
switch
1.33. If throttle tension needs to be adjusted, do so
before the dash panel is fastened down. It will
be necessary to lift the dash panel to reach the
adjustment nut with a 9/16” wrench.
See Figure 1.33.
Flasher
relay
Key switch
Nut to adjust
throttle tension
Figure 2.2
2.3.
When in position on the tractor, access to the
throttle assembly is blocked by the heat shield.
Belleville washers
Flat washer
Nut
Figure 1.33
Throttle cable
Figure 2.3
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2.4.
The throttle cable can be removed from the
throttle assembly by squeezing the barbs on the
cable end.
2.5.
The lock nut, flat washer and two bellville washers can be removed from the base of the throttle
lever, using a 9/16” wrench. See Figure 2.5.
2.7.
The throttle assmebly can be unbolted fromt he
dash panel using a 7/16” wrench.
See Figure 2.7.
Mounting bolts
Throttle assembly:
nut, flat washer & cable
removed
Notch
Two belleville
washers:
face-to-face
Figure 2.7
2.8.
Figure 2.5
2.6.
The throttle lever can then be removed from the
throttle assembly. See Figure 2.6.
The correct order of assembly for the throttle is:
throttle tab, friction washer, mounting plate, two
bellville washers (face-to-face), flat washer ,
locking nut. The throttle lever passes through all
of these parts, with the ears on the lever engaging the slots in the throttle tab. See Figure 2.8.
Throttle lever
Throttle tab
Arm on
throttle tab
Friction
washer
Ears
Belleville
washers
Nut
Figure 2.6
Flat washer
Figure 2.8
NOTE: The throttle lever should be extend in the
same direction as the arm on the throttle tab.
The ears on the throttle lever allow it to be
installed in one of two positions: aligned with the
arm, or 180 out, facing the opposite direction.
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3.
STEERING SHAFT AND PUMP: SAUER
3.1.
Identification: Series 7000 tractors built before
the 2004 model year are equipped with a Sauer
steering pump. The body of the Sauer pump is
round in cross-section. O-ring fittings for the
hydraulic lines are located on the bottom surface
of the pump. See Figure 3.1.
3.4.
Remove the hairpin clip and clevis pin that
secure the brake lever bracket to the steering
column bracket. The steering shaft passes
through the brake lever bracket.
3.5.
Remove the four bolts that hold the steering column bracket to the pedestal using a 3/8” wrench.
See Figure 3.5.
Bolts
Steering
column
bracket
Ross pump:
round body
Pump mounting
bracket
Hydraulic connections:
bottom of pump
Figure 3.1
Figure 3.5
3.2.
To access the steering shaft and pump, remove
the dash panel as described in the dash panel
removal section.
3.3.
Remove the hairpin clips and spring that secure
the parking brake rod to the brake lever bracket.
See Figure 3.3.
Lift the steering column bracket and steering
shaft off of the pedestal.
3.7.
Slide the brake lever bracket to the right to
remove it from the parking brake rod.
NOTE: If the plastic parking brake lever needs to
be replaced, it is not necessary to remove the
brake lever bracket.
Spring
Parking
brake rod
3.6.
Hairpin clips
Figure 3.3
3.8.
Clean the area surrounding the steering pump
hydraulic connections and mark the hydraulic
lines connected to the steering pump to ease
installation:
•
The small hose on the front left side of the steering pump (“L” port) goes to the shaft end of the
steering cylinder.
•
The small hose just behind the front left hose
(“R” port) goes to the base end of the steering
cylinder.
•
Large hose at the rear of the pump (“E” port)
goes to the bottom port on the hydraulic control
valve.
•
The large hose at the front of the pump (“P” port)
goes to the top fitting on the hydraulic pump.
•
The small hose on the right side of the pump (“T”
port) goes to the forward-facing elbow on the
return manifold.
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3.9.
3.12. The ports are labeled on the bottom of the steering pump. See Figure 3.12.
Place a drain pan under the steering pump.
3.10. Working from back to front, disconnect the
hydraulic lines fromthe steering pump. Cap the
lines as they are removed.
See Figure 3.10.
•
On the large lines, use a 13/16” wrench to turn
the fitting while holding the adaptor with a 3/4”
wrench.
•
On the small lines, use an 11/16” wrench to turn
the fitting while holding the adaptor with a 5/8”
wrench.
•
After the front-most line is loosened, it may be
easiest to unbolt the pump before the line is
removed completely.
NOTE: O-ring adaptors
NOTE: labeled
ports
Figure 3.12
3.13. Intallation is the reversal of the removal process.
The following are notes on installation:
•
Attach the steering pump to the pump mounting
bracket. Tighten the bolts to a torque of 10 ft.lbs.
•
Position the steering shaft and steering coulmn
bracket as an assembly, connecting the parking
brake lever and parking brake rod in the process. It will be neccesssary to rotate the steering shaft until the base of the shaft engages the
steering pump
•
Bolt the steering column bracket to the pedestal.
•
Connect all of the hydraulic fittings previously
removed from the the pump.
•
Install the dash panel and steering wheel on the
tractor, but do not fasten the dash panel in place.
•
Connect the main wire harness to the dash
panel wire harness and the instrument panel.
•
Test run the tractor in a safe area to check the
operation of the steering and to confirm that
there are no hydraulic leaks. Repair any problems that are identified.
•
After successful testing, complete final assembly.
Figure 3.10
3.11. Unbolt the steering pump from the pump mounting bracket using and 10mm wrench.
See Figure 3.11.
Pump mounting bolts
Figure 3.11
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4.
STEERING SHAFT AND PUMP: ROSS
4.4.
4.1.
Series 7000 tractors built during and after the
2004 model year, and all 5000 series tractors
are equipped with a Ross steering pump. The
body of the Ross pump is square in cross section. Flare fittings that connect to the hydraulic
lines are located on the bottom end of the pump.
See Figure 4.1.
Remove the hairpin clip and clevis pin that
secure the brake lever bracket to the steering
column bracket. The steering shaft passes
through the brake lever bracket.
4.5.
Remove the four bolts that hold the steering column bracket to the pedestal using a 3/8” wrench.
4.6.
Clean the area surrounding the steering pump
hydraulic connections and mark the hydraulic
lines connected to the steering pump to ease
installation: See Figure 4.6.
•
The hose at the top left side of the steering
pump (“RT” port) goes to the base end of the
steering cylinder.
•
The hose at the top right side of the steering
pump (“LT” port) goes to the shaft end of the
steering cylinder.
•
The hose beneath the “RT” port of the steering
pump (“IN” port) goes to the top fitting on the
hydraulic pump.
•
The hose beneath the “LT” port of the steering
pump (“OUT” port) goes to the forward-facing
elbow on the return manifold.
•
The hose beneath all of the others (“AUX” port)
goes to the bottom port on the hydraulic control
valve.
•
An 11/16” wrench will fit the fittings and the
adaptors.
Sauer pump: square body
Figure 4.1
4.2.
4.3.
To access the steering shaft and pump, remove
the dash panel as described in the dash panel
removal section.
Remove the hairpin clips that secure the parking
brake rod to the brake lever bracket.
See Figure 4.3.
Clevis pin
VIEW: Front side
of Sauer pump,
accessible behind
dash panel
Brake lever
bracket
Steering
column
bracket
Figure 4.6
Hairpin clips
Parking brake rod
NOTE: There is a port diagram on the steering
pump.
Figure 4.3
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4.7.
4.11. At the technician’s discretion, the retaining ring
securing the steering shaft to the steering column bracket can be removed, and the two parts
separated before this stage, but it is not essential to removing the steering pump or shaft.
After the lines are disconnected, and the lines
and fittings are capped, remove the nuts that
secure the steering pump to the pump mounting
bracket using a 1/2 wrench.
4.12. Intallation is the reversal of the removal process.
The following are notes on installation:
Pump
mounting
bracket
Groove in
steering
shaft
•
Position the steering shaft and steering coulmn
bracket as an assembly.
•
Attach the steering pump to the pump mounting
bracket, connecting the parking brake lever and
parking brake rod in the process . It will be neccesssary to rotate the steering shaft until the
base of the shaft engages the steeering pump
before the nuts that secure the pump can be
tightened.
•
If the nylon locking feature of the nuts has wornout, replace them with new nuts or apply a small
amount of threadlocking compound such as Loctite 242 (blue) to the threads. Tighten the nuts to
a torque of 17 ft.-lbs.
•
Bolt the steering column bracket to the pedestal.
Figure 4.7
4.8.
As the pump is lowered away from the bracket, it
will separate from the steering shaft.
•
The steering shaft has a “Double-D” section at
the end of the shaft that engages the pump.
•
Connect all of the hydraulic fittings previously
removed from the the pump.
•
A groove in the steering shaft engages the pump
bracket. The steering shaft cannot be removed
until the pump is lowered.
•
Install the dash panel and steering wheel on the
tractor, but do not fasten the dash panel in place.
•
Connect the main wire harness to the dash
panel wire harness and the instrument panel.
•
Test run the tractor in a safe area to check the
operation of the steering and to confirm that
there are no hydraulic leaks. Repair any problems that are identified.
•
After successful testing, complete final assembly.
4.9.
Once the pump is separated from the shaft, the
pump can be removed from the tractor.
4.10. The steering shaft can be lifted out of the tractor
along with the steering coumn bracket. See Figure 4.10.
Steering column
bracket
Steering shaft
Brake lever bracket
Brake lever
Double D end
Figure 4.10
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Domestic Compact Electrical Systems
Domestic Compact Electrical Systems
About this section:
1.8.
This part of the manual provides verbal descriptions of
the function of each electrical component in the system. It is best used to compliment the Cub Cadet Wiring Schematics found on disc 772-9085A-CD, available
through Cub Cadet.
Gasoline engines will have a magneto ground
and after-boom solenoid power-off to turn-off the
engine.
1.9.
Diesel engines will have a stop solenoid on the
injector pump to shut-off the fuel supply and
turn-off the engine. See Figure 1.9.
The intent is to help orient the skilled but unfamiliar
technician with the electrical system on these Cub
Cadet tractors.
1.
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
BETWEEN SYSTEMS:
1.1.
Series 5000, series 6000, and domestic series
7000 tractors have similar electrical systems.
They share a common dash panel and instrument cluster, and are similar in operation.
1.2.
The instrument cluster contains a logic board
that monitors and controls safety and operating
circuits.
1.3.
CAT Injector
pump
Stop
solenoid
Because the instrument cluster contains circuits
that may be over-loaded by a standard test light,
it is recommended that a high-impedance test
light, or DVOM be used in diagnosing most electrical circuits on the domestic Cub Cadet compact tractors.
Figure 1.9
1.10. Charging systems differ between the engines:
the diesel engines have stand-alone alternators
with integrated voltage regulator-rectifiers.
See Figure 1.10.
NOTE: Typical of these is Thexton part #125
High Impedance Computer Circuit Tester. This
tool is available at reasonable cost through
many truck vendors, and auto-parts stores such
as NAPA.
1.4.
Early versions of the Series 7000 used a halleffect sensor mounted in the transmission to
send a tachometer signal.
1.5.
There are variations between models and within
model lines, primarily according to the engine
that is used. Various gas and diesel engines
have been sourced from Briggs& StrattonDaihatsu, Caterpillar, Kawasaki, and Kohler.
1.6.
Current gasoline-powered domestic compact
tractors get a tachometer signal from the ignition
system.
1.7.
Current diesel powered domestic compact tractors get a tachometer signal from a hall-effect
sender on the crankshaft.
CAT alternator
Tone ring for hall-effect
tachometer
Figure 1.10
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Domestic Compact Electrical Systems
1.14. As with all electrical systems, do not neglect the
basics: clean connections and good ground
paths. See Figure 1.14.
1.11. The gasoline engines use flywheel mounted
rotors and engine mounted stators to generate
A.C. current. The current is processed through
regulator-rectifier modules before being passed
to the main harness of the tractor.
See Figure 1.11.
Regulator
/ rectifier
Mag.ground
(kill) wire
Charging
circuit fusible
link (40A)
Magneto
Figure 1.14
Kawasaki starter
Connector(raw alternator power)
Figure 1.11
1.12. Systems vary slightly between engine manufacturers, but principles of operation are comparable. See Figure 1.12.
Raw Alternator
out-put
2.
COMPONENTS
2.1.
The heart of the electrical system is in the dash
panel. It is some components are accessible
from beneath the hood, others may be reached
by removing the access panel. See Figure 2.1.
Regulator / rectifier (Kohler engine)
Figure 1.12
1.13. Charging system diagnosis: Flywheel charging
systems can be diagnosed using the Briggs &
Stratton shunt (B & S part # 19468) or inductive
ammeter and DVOM. Charging systems on the
diesel engines are similar enough to automotive
designs that an automotive type AVR tester (eg.
Snap-On MT3750) can be a feasible alternative
Figure 2.1
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2.2.
Behind the access panel is a fuse center.
See Figure 2.2.
2.4.
Diesel powered tractors will have the following
components at the right rear corner of the
engine bay:
•
A single relay to power the glow-plug circuit.
(P/N: 725-04164)
•
A glow-plug timer that supplies power to the
windings of the glow plug relay during the prestart cycle. Caterpillar and Briggs & Stratton Daihatsu each use different glow-plug timers.
•
A main fuse (30A)
•
A glow-plug timer fuse (5A)
2.5.
Kawasaki powered tractors will have a single
relay and main fuse (30A) at the right rear corner
of the engine bay.
See Figure 2.5.
Engine stop relay
(Kawasaki Application)
Figure 2.2
•
The two fuses (3A) in the right side positions at
the top of the center protect the instrument
panel.
•
The left-most position is empty.
•
The right relay, below the fuses, controls the
PTO. (P/N: 725-1648)
•
The left relay, below the fuses, controls the
starter circuit. (P/N: 725-1648)
•
Below the relays are unused positions for additional fuses.
2.3.
Taped to the harness, just above the fuse center
is the flasher relay, in the hazard light circuit.
See Figure 2.3.
Transmission
Figure 2.5
Flasher relay
(seen from inside
dash panel)
•
The windings of the relay are energized by the
after-fire solenoid circuit.
•
When the key switch is turned to the OFF position, power to the after-fire solenoid circuit is cut,
de-energizing the relay as well.
•
The relay common connection (ground) and the
normally closed contact (held open when the
windings are energized) connect when power is
taken from the windings.
•
The normally closed contact leads to the magneto primary windings. When it is grounded, the
magneto stops producing sparks.
Figure 2.3
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2.6.
2.7.
Kohler powered tractors use a similar engine kill
relay arrangement. See Figure 2.6.
Kill relay
Located on the dash panel are the hazard
flasher switch, light switch, PTO switch, Key
switch, and instrument panel. See Figure 2.7.
Lights
Hazard
PTO
Charge
relay
Kohler-powered
tractor
Main fuse
Key switch
Figure 2.6
Figure 2.7
•
Engine kill relay has red, green, and black wires.
•
When the red wires are hot, the relay is energized, pulling the normally closed contact open,
breaking the path that grounds-out the magneto.
•
When power is taken away from the red wire by
turning the key switch to OFF, the relay de-energizes, and the magneto is grounded when the
normally closed contact (magneto primary windings) connects with the common contact
(ground)
•
A second relay controls the charge circuit and
after-fire solenoid (red wires, and red wires with
white trace).
•
When the key is ON, regulator out-put and the
after-fire solenoid are connected to the battery:
charging the battery and powering the solenoid.
•
When the key is OFF, the relay is de-energized,
breaking contact with the battery. With the afterfire solenoid receiving power only from the regulator, the fuel flow stops when the rotor (flywheel) stops turning.
2.8.
With the access panel removed, any of the
rocker switches can be taken out of the dash
panel by squeezing the retaining tabs.
See Figure 2.8.
Figure 2.8
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Domestic Compact Electrical Systems
2.9.
The hazard flasher draws constant hot through
the red wire with white trace. See Figure 2.9.
Headlight
switch
2.10. The PTO switch is more complex.
See Figure 2.10.
Hazard flasher
switch
PTO switch
Figure 2.9
•
When the contacts are closed (hazard switch
ON), power is passed to the hazard lights via
flasher relay through the blue wire with white
trace.
•
The hazard circuit extends beyond the lights,
back to the instrument panel, illuminating
arrows: pin #10 = left arrow Pin #21 = right
arrow.
•
The headlight switch gets power from the red
wire with black trace when the key switch is ON.
•
When the contacts are closed (headlight switch
ON), power is passed to the headlights through
the blue wire.
•
The headlight circuit extends beyond the lights,
to the instrument panel (pin # 3) where it illuminates a headlight indicator.
•
Not all Series 5000 tractors are equipped with
hazard flashers.
•
The female spade connectors are color coded:
Red for the Hazard circuit and Blue for the Headlight circuit.
Figure 2.10
•
The PTO switch contains two sets of contacts:
one in the starter circuit, and the other in the
engine shut-down and PTO circuits.
•
The orange wire (starter circuit) brings power
form the key switch in the START position.
•
If the PTO switch is turned OFF, the contacts
close, passing power to the orange and black
wire.
•
The orange and black wire conducts power to
the brake switch.
•
The red wires with black traces conduct power to
the second set of contacts within the PTO switch
when the key switch is ON.
•
If the PTO switch is ON, contact is made to the
yellow wire with white trace, providing power to
the common terminal on the PTO relay
•
If the PTO switch is OFF, contact is made to the
plain yellow wire, leading to the brake switch.
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2.13. The pin numbers are indicated on the molded
connector. See Figure 2.13.
2.11. The key switch has four spade terminals.
See Figure 2.11.
back row: # 16 -> # 23
center row: # 9 -> # 15
near row: # 1 -> # 8
“16”
“23”
“1”
“8”
Figure 2.13
Figure 2.11
•
The red wires with white trace (terminal A & B)
are fused constant hot-leads.
•
In the OFF position, no terminals are connected.
•
In the RUN position, only terminals B and C are
connected to, sending power through the red
wire with black trace to the lighting and accessory circuits and pin # 18 (run input) on the
instrument panel.
•
The START position makes the “RUN” contacts, and A terminal and D terminal are connected to each other, sending power through the
orange wire to pin #16 (start input) on the panel.
2.14. Each number corresponds to a pin position on
the instrument panel. See Figure 2.13.
Pins on instrument
panel connection
2.12. The instrument panel is easily unplugged or
removed with the hood open. See Figure 2.12.
Molded connector
Figure 2.14
Mounting Bolts
Figure 2.12
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2.15. The pin identities are as follows:
See Figure 2.15.
2.17. On Series 6000 and domestic Series 7000, there
are four wires to the switch. See Figure 2.17.
P in -o u t ch art
P in
S ig n al
1
C ruise Control Input
2
O il pressure
3
H eadlights
4
R ev erse ov er-ride
5
PT O O N
6
PT O relay
7
F uel G auge unit
8
G round, 9
R ev erse
10
Left arrow
11
G low plugs
12
T achom eter sending unit
13
M agneto
14
C ruise control m agnet
15
12 v olts, +
16
Start input
17
T em p sender unit
18
R un input
19
O pen
20
Brake on
21
R ight arrow
22
O pen
23
O pen
Four-wire reverse
over-ride:Series
6000 and 7000
Two-wire reverse
over-ride: series 5000
Figure 2.17
Figure 2.15
2.16. The reverse over-ride switch is located on the
rear fender. On all Series 5000, 6000 and
domestic 7000 tractors, the fenders must be
removed to reach the switch. See Figure 2.16.
•
There are two sets of contacts in the reverse
over-ride switch on the series 7000 tractor: one
set normally open, and one set normally closed
•
Engaging the reverse over-ride sends a groundsignal to the instrument panel through the
orange and black wire by closing contacts that
connect it to the green ground wire.
•
Engaging the reverse over-ride breaks the second set of contacts, between red wire with black
trace (auxiliary power) the blue wire with white
trace (pin #1 on instrument panel). This shutsoff power to a cruise control feature that was
facilitated in the wiring harness but did not go
into production.
2.18. On series 5000 tractors, only the orange wire
with black trace and the green wire are present.
Engaging the reverse over-ride sends a groundsignal to the instrument panel through the
orange and black wire by closing contacts that
connect it to the green ground wire.
Reverse
over-ride
Figure 2.16
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2.21. The reverse switches differ between the Series
5000 tractor and the other domestic compact
tractors. See Figure 2.21.
2.19. The fuel tank sender unit also lives under the
fender, on the left hand side. It is basically a
potentiometer actuated by a float. It creates
more or less resistance between the white wire
leading to pin #7 on the instrument panel and a
ground circuit.
See Figure 2.19.
Figure 2.21
Figure 2.19
2.20. The seat switch contains a set of normally open
contacts. When the seat is occupied, power is
sent to the PTO relay windings. When the seat
is empty, the PTO relay is de-energized, braking
the contact that provides power to the PTO. We
never want the PTO running with the seat
empty. See Figure 2.20.
•
The series 5000 reverse switch is located on the
right hand side frame channel, just in front of the
pedal linkage.
•
There are two sets of contacts in the switch, but
only one is used: normally closed.
•
When the plunger is depressed (in reverse), the
contacts connecting the red wire with black trace
(power) and the orange wire with black trace (pin
# 9 on the instrument panel) are broken.
•
When the instrument panel sees no power signal
from the reverse switch and sees no ground signal from the reverse over-ride, it breaks the
ground path for the windings on the PTO relay
(pin # 6). This de-energizes the relay, breaking
the contacts that provide power to the PTO
clutch.
Figure 2.20
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2.22. The reverse switch on the series 6000 and 7000
tractors operates in the same manner to control
the PTO clutch. See Figure 2.22.
2.24. The brake switch on the Series 5000 tractor contains three sets of contacts. See Figure 2.24.
Reverse switch:
Series 6000 and 7000
Plunger up:
Open Line
Figure 2.24
Figure 2.22
•
•
The reverse switch on Series 6000 and Series
7000 domestic compact tractors is located on
the right side frame channel, just ahead of the
pedal linkage.
•
The second set of contacts in the switch is normally open.
•
When the plunger is depressed (in reverse), the
contacts close, enabling power to pass form the
red wire with black trace (power) to the white
wire that feeds power to the back-up lights.
All three sets are normally open: when the brake
is not applied, the plunger is up, and none of the
circuits connected to the switch have continuity
through the switch.
2.25. Depressing the plunger (brake applied) closes
all three sets of contacts. See Figure 2.25.
Plunger down:
contacts closed
2.23. The brake switch for the Series 5000 compact
tractor is located on the left hand side frame
channel, just in front of the pedal linkage, with
the plunger vertical (up). See Figure 2.23.
Brake switch:
Series 5000
Figure 2.25
•
With the plunger depressed, each pair of spade
terminals that are adjacent to one another (flat
side to flat side) will have continuity.
Figure 2.23
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2.26. The circuits completed by the closing of the
three sets of contacts in the Series 5000 domestic compact are as follows:
2.28. The circuits completed by the closing of the
three sets of contacts in the Series 5000 domestic compact are as follows:
•
The red wire with black trace connects to the
blue wire, sending power to the instrument panel
(pin # 20) telling it that the brake is on. This illuminates a “brake” lamp in the panel.
•
•
The starter circuit (orange wire with black trace)
connects from the PTO switch (PTO OFF),
through the brake switch contacts, to the orange
wire with white trace that energizes the windings
of the starter relay. Energizing the starter relay
passes power to the other orange and white wire
on the relay, triggering the starter solenoid and
motor.
The Starter circuit (orange wire with black trace)
delivers power from PTO switch (PTO OFF)
through the brake switch contacts, to the orange
wire with white trace. This sends power to trigger the starter solenoid and to the instrument
panel (pin # 20) telling it that the brake is on.
This illuminates a “brake” lamp in the panel.
•
The yellow wire gets power from the PTO switch
when the PTO is off. When the brakes are
applied, the power passes to the red wire on the
brake switch. The red wire takes power to the
after-fire solenoid.
•
If this circuit is broken, the engine will stop
from lack of fuel.
•
The seat switch feeds this circuit between the
brake switch and the after-fire solenoid. Either
the seat most be occupied -or- the brake must
be applied -and- the PTO must be off to keep the
after-fire solenoid energized.
3.
ELECTRIC CLUTCH AND FUEL PUMP
3.1.
The electric PTO clutch on the Series 6000 and
domestic Series 7000 compact tractors is contained inside the transaxle. The wire that provides power to it enters the transaxle housing
through a notch in the top edge of the right side
of the housing. See Figure 3.1.
•
The yellow wire gets power from the PTO switch
when the PTO is off. When the brakes are
applied, the power passes to the red wire on the
brake switch. The red wire takes power to the
after-fire solenoid.
•
If this circuit is broken, the engine will stop
from lack of fuel.
•
The seat switch feeds this circuit between the
brake switch and the after-fire solenoid. Either
the seat most be occupied -or- the brake must
be applied -and- the PTO must be off to keep the
after-fire solenoid energized.
2.27. The Series 6000 and Series 7000 brake switch
has two sets of contacts. It is mounted to the
right hand side frame channel, in front of the
pedal linkages. See Figure 2.27.
Brake switch:
Series 6000 and 7000
Electrical connection
for PTO
Figure 2.27
Figure 3.1
90
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www.mymowerparts.com
Domestic Compact Electrical Systems
3.2.
The Electric PTO clutch on Series 5000 compact
tractors is external, but requires some transaxle
disassembly to remove. See Figure 3.2.
3.3.
The electric fuel pump is mounted to the left
hand side frame channel on all gasoline powered domestic compact tractors. See Figure 3.3.
PTO clutch
Power to PTO
(blue)
Flow
PTO Ground
wire (green)
Figure 3.3
Figure 3.2
•
It is possible to set the clutch air-gap in-situ,
without removing the fenders.
•
R&R instructions are contained in the 2004 Cub
Update material.
•
Diesel powered tractors in the Series 5000,
6000, and domestic 7000 line do not have electric fuel pumps.
•
Caterpillar engines have a mechanical lift pump
feeding the high-pressure injector pump, and
Briggs & Stratton Daihatsu pumps are able to
self-feed.
•
The electric fuel pump is powered whenever the
key switch is ON. When they run there is an
audible clatter. The noise is louder when there
is air in the system, and quiets-down as the system fills with gasoline. This may take 10-15 seconds after the key switch is turned-on.
91
K&T Saw Shop 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983
www.mymowerparts.com
Domestic Compact Electrical Systems
92
K&T Saw Shop 606-678-9623 or 606-561-4983