72-9355
72-9360
72-9365
User Manual
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Introduction
Dear valued customer,
Thank you for purchasing this Tenma instrument. To use your new product correctly,
read this User Manual carefully and completely before operation, and pay particular
attention to “Safety Instructions”.
Please keep this User Manual in a safe place after reading it carefully. For easy
reference during future operation, we recommend putting it alongside your TENMA
product or in an easily accessible place.
Copyright Information
Premier Farnell plc all rights reserved. All licensed software products are properties of
TENMA Ltd and its subsidiaries or software providers.
They are protected by the national copyright law and international conventions.
Information contained in this manual supercedes all information in previously
published versions.
Tenma is the registered trademark of Premier Farnell plc. If this product is sold or
assigned by the original purchaser to a third party within three years of purchase, the
new owner should note that warranty is available for a period of three years from the
day the original purchaser acquired the product from an authorized dealer. The probes,
other accessories, and fuses are not covered by warranty.
If any genuine defect is found during the valid warranty period, your Tenma dealer has
the option to repair the defective product without any charge for parts or labor, or
replace it with another product (at the discretion of the dealer). The Tenma dealer may
use parts, modules and replacement products that are brand new or repaired to a
good-as-new standard. All old parts, modules and products that are removed during
replacement become properties of the Tenma dealer.
In this User Manual, “customer” means an individual or entity vested with the rights
hereunder. To enjoy the warranty service, the “customer” must report any defect to
your dealer during the valid warranty period and make appropriate arrangement to
allow servicing. The customer should pack the defective product in a container and
deliver it to a maintenance centre specified by their dealer. The customer should also
prepay all freight cost and provide a copy of the original sales receipt issued to the
original purchaser. If the product is to be delivered to an address within the country
where the maintenance centre operates, the Tenma dealer shall pay the cost of
returning the product to the customer. If the product is to be delivered any other
destination, all freight, custom duty, tax and other costs will be paid by the customer.
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This warranty does not apply to any defect, malfunction or damage caused by accident,
normal wear and tear of mechanical parts, any form of application other than the stated
ones, improper use, improper maintenance or poor maintenance. Under the warranty
terms and conditions, Tenma or your Tenma dealer has no obligation to provide the
following services :
a) Repairing any damage arising from installation, repair or maintenance carried out
by a non Tenma service representative;
b) Repairing any damage arising from improper use or connection to incompatible
equipment;
c) Repairing any damage or malfunction arising from using a power source not
provided by Tenma or your Tenma dealer;
d) Servicing a product that has been modified or integrated with other products
(such modification or integration makes repair more time consuming and
difficult).
This warranty is made available to this product specifically and supersedes all other
previous warranties, whether express or implied. Tenma and its dealers will not make
any implied guarantee on the salability or suitability of this product for any specific
purpose. In the event of breach of warranty terms and conditions, repair or replacement
of defective product shall be the only and all remedial measure offered by Tenma or
your Tenma dealer. Notwithstanding any prior notification of potential damage that is
indirect, special, consequential or inevitable, Tenma and its dealers shall bear no
liability for any such damage.
General Safety Rules
This unit is designed and manufactured strictly in accordance with GB4793 safety
requirements for electronic testing meters and IEC61010-1 safety standards. It fully meets
CAT II 600V insulation and overvoltage requirements and Grade II anti-pollution safety
standards. To prevent personal injuries and damage of this unit or any other devices
connected to it, please take note of the following safety precautions. To avoid potential
hazards, use this unit strictly as instructed by this User Manual. Maintenance should only
be carried out by a trained professional.
To avoid fire and personal injury:
Use a correct power cable : Use only the specified power cable which is suited and
authorized in the country of use.
Remove the plug correctly: Do not remove the probe or testing cable when they are
connected to live power.
Ensure good grounding: This unit is grounded by the ground wire of the power cable. To
avoid electric shock, the grounding conductor must touch the ground. Before connecting
the input or output terminal, ensure the unit is properly grounded.
Connect the probe of the digital storage oscilloscope: The probe ground cable is the
same as ground potential. Do not connect the ground cable to high voltage.
Check the rated values of all terminals: To prevent fire and excessive current shock,
please check all rated values and label data. Read the manual carefully and check the rated
values before connecting the unit.
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Do not operate the unit with the chassis cover open or removed: Do not operate this
unit when the outer cover or front panel is open.
Use suitable fuses: Only use specified fuse types and rated specifications.
Avoid exposing circuitry: When power is on, never make contact with exposed adaptor or
components.
When any fault is suspected, stop operation: If you suspect a fault, ask a qualified
maintenance professional to carry out inspection.
Maintain good ventilation.
Do not operate in humid condition.
Do not operate in combustible and explosive conditions.
Keep the product surface clean and dry.
Safety Messages and Symbols
Safety terminology used in this manual. The following messages may appear in this
manual:
Warning: Warning statements identify conditions or practices that could result in
injury or loss of life.
Caution: Caution statements identify conditions or practices that could result in
damage to this unit or other properties.
Messages on the product: The following messages may appear on the product:
“Danger” means potential damage or injury risk is immediate if not properly observed.
“Warning” means potential damage or injury risk is high if not properly observed.
“Caution” means possible damage to this product or other properties is elevated.
Preface
This manual provides information on the operation of the Tenma 72-93xx digital storage
oscilloscope series. Guidance is given in several chapters as follows :
Chapter 1 ⎯ User Guide: Simple guide to oscilloscope functions and installation
Chapter 2 ⎯ Instrument Setups: Guide to operation
Chapter 3 ⎯ Practical Illustrations: Provided to solve various testing problems
Chapter 4 ⎯ System Prompts and Trouble-shooting
Chapter 5 ⎯ Servicing and Support
Chapter 6 ⎯ Appendixes
Appendix A: Technical Indicators
Appendix B: Accessories
Appendix C: Maintenance and Cleaning
Appendix D: English and Chinese cross reference for the front panel
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Table of Contents
Introduction : 72-93xx Series Digital Storage Oscilloscopes
Chapter 1
User Guide
1. Getting to know your Digital Storage Oscilloscope
2. General Inspection
3. Functional Check
4. Probe Compensation
5. Automatic Setups
6. Getting to Know the Operation Panel
Chapter 2
Instrument Setups
1. Resetting the Instrument
2. Using the Jog Dial Function
3. Vertical System Setup
4. Horizontal System Setup
5. Trigger System Setup
6. Display, Acquisition Modes and Automatic Measurement
7. Storage Setups
8. Cursor Measurement
9. Utility Function Setup
10. Operating Math Functions
11. Window Extension
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2
2
4
5
6
7
7
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20
26
29
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Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
12. Hiding the Menus
13. Using the Run Button
14. Multimeter Measurement
Practical Example Illustrations
Illustration 1 : Measuring simple signals
Illustration 2 : Observing the delay and distortion caused by a
sine wave signal passes through the circuit
Illustration 3 : Acquiring single signals
Illustration 4 : Reducing random noise of signals
Illustration 5 : Using cursors for measurement
Illustration 6 : Using the X-Y function
Illustration 7 : Video signal triggering
System Prompts and Trouble-shooting
1. Definitions of System Prompts
2. Troubleshooting
Service and Support
1. Product Program Upgrade
2. Warranty
3. Contact Us
Appendixes
Appendix A : Performance Indicators
Appendix B : Accessories
Appendix C : Maintenance and Cleaning
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Introduction : 72-93xx Series Digital Storage Oscilloscopes
72-93xx oscilloscopes offer user-friendliness, outstanding technical indicators and a host
of advanced features. They are your perfect tools to complete testing tasks swiftly and
efficiently.
This manual is a user guide for 3 models of this digital storage oscilloscope series:
Model
72-9355
72-9360
72-9365
Bandwidth
60MHz
100MHz
200MHz
Sampling Rate
250MS/s
500MS/s
1GS/s
Display
Color
Color
Color
72-93xx oscilloscopes offer a user-friendly front panel with clear labeling to enable access
to all basic functions for easy operation. The scaling and position buttons for all channels
are optimally arranged for direct view operation. Since the design is based on the controls
of traditional instruments, users can use the new units without spending considerable time
in learning and familiarizing with operation. For faster adjustment to ease testing there is
an [AUTO] key to instantly display the appropriate waveform and range position. Apart
from being extremely user-friendly, 72-93xx oscilloscopes have the high performance
indicators and superb functions required for speedy execution of measurement tasks. The
strong trigger and analytical functions make it easy to acquire and analyze waveforms,
while the sharp and clear LCD and math functions ensure clear observation and reliable
analysis of signal conditions.
The performance features listed below will explain why the 72-93xx series can fully
satisfy your testing and measurement requirements:
Dual channels; vertical deflection width range : 5mV/div – 50V/div
z
z
Automatic waveform and status configuration
z
Storage of waveforms, setups and interfaces; waveforms and setups reproduction
Screen copy function
z
z
Fine window extension; precise analysis of waveform details and overview
z
Automatic measurement of 27 waveform parameters
Cursor measurement function
z
z
Unique waveform recording, storage and replay function
USB interface that supports USB2.0
z
Bright color/mono 5.7 inch LCD panel at 320 x 240 pixel aspect ratio
z
Built-in FFT
z
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z
z
z
z
z
z
Multiple waveform math functions (including add, subtract, multiply and divide)
Edge, video, pulse width, and alternate trigger functions
Multimeter function
USB drive system software upgrade
Multilingual menu displays
Help messages in English and Chinese
Included accessories:
z
2 x 1.5m, 1:1/10:1 probe (conforms with EN61010-031: 2002)
z
Power cable
z
User Manual
z
Product Warranty Card
z
2 x current-to-voltage converter module
Multimeter pen
z
z
DC adaptor
Chapter 1 ⎯ User Guide
Your 72-93xx Series digital storage oscilloscope (further referred to as the “oscilloscope”)
is a small and compact portable device. The user-friendly front panel enables easy
operation for basic testing and measuring tasks.
This chapter provides notes on the following:
General inspection
U
U
Functional check
Probe compensation
U
U
Automatic setups for waveform display
U
Getting to know the vertical system
Getting to know the horizontal system
U
U
Getting to know the trigger system
1. Getting to know your Oscilloscope
When beginning to use your oscilloscope, first familiarize yourself with the operation front
panel. This chapter briefly describes the operation and functions of the front panel, so you
can get started with your oscilloscope as quickly as possible.
Your oscilloscope comes with a front panel with at-a-glance functions for easy operation.
There are function keys and a jog dial on the front panel. The jog dial has special functions,
which will be explained in detail on the following pages. The row of 5 keys at the bottom
of the display panel are menu operation keys (designated as [F1] to [F5] from left to right).
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With these 5 keys you can set up different options of the current menu. The other keys are
function keys. You can use them to enter different function menus or access particular
functions directly.
Figure 1-1 Front panel of Oscilloscopes
Figure 1-2 Schematic diagram for the display interface
Display Zone:
Apart from the waveform display zone, the display panel also features other details about
the waveform and the unit’s control setup. These are explained by their sequence numbers
in the above figure:
1. Trigger source status display is as follows:
A. Select signals of Channel A as the trigger signal source.
B. Select signals of Channel B as the trigger signal source.
AB. Select signals of Channels A and B as the alternate trigger signal source
2. Trigger coupling mode display is as follows:
~ AC trigger coupling mode, i.e. only AC quantities larger than 10Hz of the trigger signals
can pass the coupling capacitor. The DC% will be intercepted. This is a general trigger
coupling mode.
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ŽŽŽ DC trigger coupling mode, i.e. allowing both AC and DC quantities of the trigger
signal to pass through to the trigger circuit. This mode is suitable for observing ultra-low
frequency signals.
__ High frequency suppression mode, i.e. rejecting high frequency AC quantities above
80 kHz of the trigger signal. This mode is suitable for observing low frequency signals.
--- Low frequency suppression mode, i.e. rejecting low frequency AC quantities below
80 kHz of the trigger signal. This mode is suitable for observing high frequency
signals.
3. This reading is the rising edge level.
4. Trigger status is displayed as follows:
ARMED
The oscilloscope is acquiring pre-trigger data. All triggers are
ignored.
READY
The oscilloscope has acquired all pre-trigger data and is ready to
accept trigger.
TRIG’ED
The oscilloscope has detected one trigger and is acquiring
post-trigger data.
STOP
The oscilloscope has stopped acquiring waveform data.
AUTO
The oscilloscope is in automatic mode and acquiring waveform
with no trigger.
SCAN
The oscilloscope is continuously acquiring and displaying
waveform in the scan mode.
5. The reading of time distance between the trigger point and the center graticule is
displayed here.
6. This icon indicates the power supply mode, i.e.:
( ) Battery power
( ) DC adaptor power
7. The sign on the screen indicates the ground level reference point of the waveform. If
there is no sign, it means the channel is not on.
8. 10X: This icon indicates the channel probe ratio is set to 10 times. In operation,
probe ratio must be set to 10X if you wish to set the oscilloscope channel menu
accordingly. Otherwise the measurement voltage amplitude will be increased 10 times.
Bw: This icon indicates the channel bandwidth is restricted.
9. M value indicates the main time base mode and the applicable time base range.
2. General Inspection
We suggest checking your new oscilloscope in the following steps.
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1. Check the unit for possible shipping damages
If the package carton or foam plastic protective lining is seriously damaged, please contact
your Tenma dealer.
2. Check the accessories
A checklist of accessories that come with your oscilloscope is provided in the section
“Accessories” of this user manual. Please check any missing items against this list.
If any item is missing or damaged, please contact your Tenma dealer.
3. Thorough inspection of the entire unit
If the exterior of the unit is damaged, or it is not operating normally, or it fails to pass the
performance test, please contact your Tenma dealer.
In the event of any shipping damages, please retain the packaging and notify your Tenma
dealer. We will be glad to arrange maintenance or repair.
3. Functional Check
Carry out a quick functional check in the following steps to make sure your oscilloscope is
operating normally.
1. Power on the unit
You can select from two power supply methods : internal battery power or external DC
adaptor power. Power supply voltage of the DC adaptor is grid voltage. After connecting
to power, start the self calibration process by pressing the [USER] button then [F3]. This
will ensure optimal performance.
2. Accessing signals
Your oscilloscope has dual input channels. Please access signals in the following steps :
c Connect the probe of the digital storage oscilloscope to the red input terminal (Channel
A), and set the attenuation switch of the probe to 10X.
Figure 1-3 Setting the probe attenuation switch
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d You have to set the probe attenuation factor of the oscilloscope. This factor changes the
vertical range multiple to ensure the measurement result correctly reflects the amplitude of
the signal being tested. Set the attenuation factor of the probe as follows: Select other
menu in Channel A then set probe ratio to 10X with the jog dial.
Return
K-return
Normal
Invert
Figure 1-4
Adjusting the probe ratio
e Connect the probe tip and ground clamp to the output terminal of the function signal
generator. Select a square wave of 1kHz output frequency and 3Vpp amplitude. Press
[AUTO] and you will see a 1kHZ/3Vpp square wave in the display in a few seconds, as
shown in Figure 1-5. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to check Channel B.
Input A
On
Coupling
DC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 1-5
Square wave signal 10:1
4. Probe Compensation
When connecting the probe to any input channel for the first time, perform this adjustment
to match the probe to the channel. Skipping the compensation calibration step will result in
measurement error or fault. Please adjust probe compensation as follows :
1.
Set the probe attenuation factor to 10X. Move the switch on the probe to 10X and
connect the probe to Channel A. Connect the probe tip and ground clamp to the
output terminal of the function signal generator. Select a square wave of 1kHz output
frequency and 3Vpp amplitude. (Rising time of square wave should be ≦100 µs).
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2.
Turn Channel A on then press [AUTO].
3.
Observe the shape of the displayed waveform.
Overcompensation
Correct Compensation
Undercompensation
Figure 1-6 Probe compensation calibration
If you see an “Undercompensation” or “Overcompensation” waveform display,
adjust the adjustable tab of the probe with screwdriver with non-metal handle in the
probe accessory pack, until a “Correct Compensation” waveform shown in the above
figure is displayed.
Warning : To avoid electric shock when measuring high voltage with the probe,
ensure the probe’s insulation lead is in good condition. Do not touch the metal part
of the probe when connected to HV power.
5. Automatic Setups
Automatic Setup for Waveform Display
Your oscilloscope features an auto setup function. It can automatically adjust the vertical
deflection factor, scanning time base and trigger mode based on the input signal, until the
most appropriate waveform is displayed. The automatic setup function can only be
operated when the signal to be measured is 50Hz or above and the duty ratio is larger than
1%.
Using the Automatic Setup Function :
1.
Connect the signal to be tested to the signal input channel.
2.
Press [AUTO]. The oscilloscope will automatically set the vertical deflection factor,
scanning time base and trigger mode. Should you require to make a more detailed
check, you can adjust manually after the automatic setup process until you get the
optimal waveform display.
6. Getting to Know the Operation Panel
Please see Figure 1-7 below for operation front panel instructions:
Figure 1-7
Operation front panel
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The Vertical System :
By pressing the ( ) key to adjust the vertical range (V/div) of the oscilloscope, you can
adjust the signal to a size best suited to screen display.
By pressing the ( ) key to adjust the position of the reference waveform reference point,
you can adjust the signal to the position best suited to screen display.
The Horizontal System :
Press the
(sns) key to change the horizontal time base range setup.Range of
horizontal scanning rate is 5ns-50s/div (72-9360) in steps of 1-2-5.
Note : Minimum horizontal time base range of the 72-93xxSeries varies from model
to model.
Press the (
)key to adjust the horizontal position of the trigger point. You can observe
more pre-trigger information.
The Trigger System :
Press [TRIGGER] to adjust the trigger setup of the waveform. For the trigger menu, see
Figure 1-8.
Figure 1-8
Trigger System Setup
The above operation steps are detailed in the next chapter.
Chapter 2 ⎯ Instrument Setups
This chapter gives guidance on all oscilloscope functions and multimeter functions of your
oscilloscope. Also available are detailed instructions for all front panel function keys and
examples of menu uses and basic operation steps.
This chapter will guide you through the following :
„ Resetting the instrument
„ The jog dial
„ Setting up the vertical system ([A], [B], [ ], [
Setting up the horizontal system ([
], [
„
„ Setting up the trigger system ([TRIGGER])
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„
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
Display, acquisition mode and automatic measurement (SCOPE)
Storage setup and screen backup (SAVE)
Cursor measurement ([CURSOR])
Utility setup ([USER])
Math function ([MATH])
Zoom function ([ZOOM])
Hiding the menu ([CLEAR]/[MENU])
Operation buttons ([AUTO], [RUN/STOP])
It is recommended that you read this chapter carefully to understand the various
measurement functions and system operation steps of your oscilloscope.
1. Resetting the Instrument
To use factory setup, follow the steps below :
After connecting to power press [POWER] to turn the oscilloscope on. When the power-on
screen appears, press and hold the [CLEAR/MENU] key to select factory setup. When
setup is done, the screen in Figure 2-1 will appear.
Figure 2-1 Resetting the instrument
2. Using the Jog Dial Function
The jog dial is a multifunction knob that enables easy operation and control of various
menus. The example below illustrates the use of this dial.
1. Making menu selection with the jog dial
a. Press [SCOPE]. The menu in the figure below appears at the bottom of the screen.
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Parameter measurement
Frequency counter
Off
Figure 2-2
Making menu selection with the jog dial
b. Press [F3] to select display. Enter the display menu shown in the figure below.
Return
K-return
Off
Infinite
Vector
Dot
Figure 2-3 Operating the “Type” Menu with the jog dial
Return
K-return
Off
Infinite
Vector
Dot
Figure 2-4 Operating the “Continuous” Menu with the jog dial
Return
K-return
Off
Infinite
Vector
Dot
Figure 2-5 Operating the “Format” Menu with the jog dial
c. With the jog dial, select dot as the display type. The selected menu will appear bold.
Then press the jog dial once to confirm. “Dot” is now selected as the display type, and
the bold selection indicator on the screen will automatically jump to the continuous
menu, as shown in Figure 2-4. Turn the jog dial to set continuous mode to 5s, then
press the jog dial once to confirm. The screen will then enter the format menu. If you
wish to change the format repeat the above steps. Otherwise press the jog dial to close
this menu, as shown in Figure 2-5.
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Note : When operating the menu as shown in Figure 2-4, if the menu selection
indicator is at “continuous”, you can press the return key [F5] to go back to the
previous type menu to reset that page.
2. Controlling bias voltage with the jog dial
(See the “Vertical System Setup” section for details)
3. Shifting trigger level with the jog dial
(See the “Trigger System Setup” section on P.16 for details)
4. Doing cursor measurement with the jog dial
(See the “Cursor Functions” section on P.29 for details)
5. Using the math function with the jog dial
(See the “Math Function” section on P.30 for details)
3. Vertical System Setup
Channel A, Channel B and shifting signals vertically
Each channel has its own menu. You should set up each item for each channel individually.
Press the [A] or [B] function key and the system will display the operation menu for
Channel A or Channel B. For explanatory notes based on Channel A, see Table 2-1 below :
Table 2-1
Input A
Explanatory notes for channel A menu
On
Channel A on
Off
Channel A off
AC and DC quantities of input signal is allowed to pass.
Coupling
DC
This mode is for observing DC or exchange signals with
DC quantities.
DC quantities of the input signal are intercepted. This
mode is for observing exchange signals with DC
AC
quantities intercepted.
DC level of the channel input terminal upon equivalent
grounding is displayed.
Ground
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth The oscilloscope’s frequency bandwidth is full
bandwidth.
20MHz
Limit bandwidth to 20MHz to reduce display noise.
Adjust the channel bias voltage with the jog dial. When
Bias Voltage
Bias voltage
the DC quantities of the signal being tested are much
(xxmV)
larger than the amplitude of the AC signal, you can
offset the DC quantities with bias voltage. In this
condition, you can observe the amplified AC signal.
Reset the bias voltage to zero.
Go back to the Channel A menu
Reset to zero
Return
Select one of the values based on the
Others
Probe ratio
1X
10X
probe attenuation factor to keep the
100X
reading of the signal being measured
1000X
correct.
Polarity
Normal
Normal waveform display Waveform is
Invert
invert
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1. Setting channel coupling
Take the example of applying a signal to Channel A. The signal being tested is a sine
signal that contains DC quantities. Press [A] to select Channel A. Then press [F1] to set A
input to “ON”. Next press [F2] to select DC coupling. Both DC and AC quantities of the
signal being tested and input to Channel A can pass through. The waveform display is as
follows :
Input A
On
Coupling
DC
DC coupling setup
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-6 Both DC and AC quantities of the signal are displayed
Press [F2] to select DC coupling. DC quantities of the signal being tested and input to
Channel A will be intercepted. Only AC quantities can pass through. The waveform
display is as follows :
Input A
On
Coupling
AC
AC coupling setup
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-7 Only AC quantities of the signal are displayed
Press [F2] to select ground coupling. The channel input is now set to equivalent ground.
The channel input level appears on screen and waveform display is as shown in Figure
2-8 :
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(Note : In this mode, although waveform is not displayed, the input signal remains
connected to the channel circuit)
Input A
On
Coupling
Ground
Ground coupling setup
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-8 Screen display for the ground mode
2. Setting the channel bandwidth limit
Take the example of applying a signal to Channel B. The signal being tested is a signal
stacked with high frequency quantities.
Press [B] to turn Channel B on. Next press [F3] to set channel bandwidth to full bandwidth.
The signal being measured can pass through even if it contains high frequency quantities.
The waveform display is as shown in Figure 2-9 :
Input B
On
Coupling
DC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth setup
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-9 Full bandwidth setup
Input B
On
Coupling
AC
Bandwidth limit
20MHz
20MHz bandwidth limit
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-10 20MHz bandwidth limit
Press [F3] to set bandwidth limit to 20MHz. All high frequency quantities higher than
20MHz in the signal being tested will be limited. The waveform display is as shown in
Figure 2-10.
3. Setting bias voltage
Bias voltage is suitable for observing the following signals :
c The input signal is made up of relatively high DC quantities and relatively low AC
quantities.
dThe input AC signal is very low in frequency and contains DC quantities. AC mode is
unsuitable.
e Duty ratio of the signal is too small. Waveform details are hard to observe even in AC
mode.
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4. Setting the probe rate
To match the probe attenuation factor setup, it is necessary to set up the probe attenuation
factor in the channel operation menu accordingly. For example, when the probe
attenuation factor is 10:1, set the probe attenuation factor at 10X in the menu. Apply this
principle to other values to ensure the voltage reading is correct.
The figure below shows the setup and vertical range display when the probe is set at 10:1.
Press [A] to turn Channel A on, then press [F5]. Select “Others” and select 10X probe ratio
with the jog dial, as shown below :
Set to 10X
Return
K-return
Others
Normal
Invert
Figure 2-11 Setting the probe ratio
Next press the jog dial once to confirm, then press the jog dial again to close the menu.
After confirming, amplitude reading of Channel A is displayed as follows :
Input A
Changes in vertical range
On
Coupling
DC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-12 Changes in vertical range
5. Setting the waveform polarity
Inverted waveform : This indicates the signal is 180° inverted in relation to the channel
ground level. The example below shows the setup for signal inversion and the display for
inverted signal. Press [A] to turn Channel A on, then press [F5]. Select “Others” and select
inverted polarity, as shown in Figure 2-13.
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Return
K-return
Others
Normal
Figure 2-13
Inversion setup
Press the jog dial once to confirm, then press the jog dial again to close the menu. Signal
display is as shown below.
Input A
On
Coupling
DC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-14
Channel polarity setup (normal)
Input A
On
Coupling
DC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-15
Channel polarity setup (inverted)
4. Horizontal System Setup
Changing the signal time base and horizontal shift
Accelerate or decelerate the oscilloscope’s scanning rate by pressing (
),from
5ns/div~50s/div (72-9360).
Note : Minimum horizontal time base range of the 72-93xx Series varies from model to
model.
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5. Trigger System Setup
Triggering decides when the oscilloscope collects data and display waveforms. Once the
trigger is correctly set up, it can transform unstable displays into meaningful waveforms.
When beginning to acquire data, the digital storage oscilloscope first collects sufficient
data required for drawing a waveform on the left side of the trigger point. While waiting
for the triggering condition, the oscilloscope will continue acquiring sufficient data to
draw a waveform on the right side of the trigger point. You can set trigger functions with
the trigger function key [TRIGGER].
Trigger : Key for the trigger function setup menu.
Trigger level : Trigger level is set to a signal voltage that matches the trigger point (by
turning the jog dial).
Trigger types : Edge, Video, Pulse.
Edge trigger : Trigger is set to occur when the signal is at the rising or falling edge. You
can set the trigger level to change the trigger point’s vertical position on the trigger edge,
i.e. the intersection point of the trigger level line and the signal edge on the screen.
Pulse trigger : When the pulse width of the trigger signal reaches a preset trigger
condition, trigger occurs.
Video trigger : Carry out field or line trigger to standard video signals.
Below are notes for various trigger menus.
Edge Trigger
For edge trigger menu setups please see the table below.
Function Menu
Trigger
Trigger source
Trigger setup
Slew Rate
Holdoff
Setup
Edge
A
B
Alternate
Trigger
Auto
mode
Normal
Explanatory Note
Set edge as the trigger type.
Set Channel A as the signal source trigger signal.
Set Channel B as the signal source trigger signal.
A and B trigger their individual signals alternately
Waveform is acquired even when no trigger condition
is detected.
Acquisition takes place only when trigger condition
is met.
Single
One waveform is acquired when one trigger is
detected. Acquisition then stops.
Trigger
AC
Allow AC and DC quantities of the input signal to
coupling
pass.
DC
Intercept DC quantities of the input signal.
H/F Suppression Reject low frequency quantities below 80kHz of the
signal.
L/F Suppression Reject high frequency quantities above 80kHz of the
signal.
Rise
Set to trigger at the signal’s rising edge.
Fall
Set to trigger at the signal’s falling edge.
40ns – 1.5s
Adjust holdoff time.
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Adjusting Hold-off Time
You can adjust the hold-off time to observe complicated waveforms (e.g. pulse string
series). Hold-off time means adjusting the data acquisition cycle of the digital storage
oscilloscope. It is an exact multiple of the cycle of the complicated waveform being tested,
thus synchronization is possible.
For example, if the signals being tested are a group of wave signals, apply them to
Channel A then press [TRIGGER] to select edge trigger mode. Next press [F5] to activate
hold-off adjustment and adjust hold-off time with the jog dial. Hold-off time will change
accordingly until waveform display is stable, as shown in the figure below.
Trigger edge
Trigger source A
Trigger setup
Slew rate
Rise
Hold-off
Hold-off time
Figure 2-16
Hold-off
Note: Hold-off time is usually slightly shorter than the “large cycle” time. When observing
the RS-232 communication signal, it is easier to achieve stable synchronization of hold-off
time is slightly shorter than the starting edge time of every set of data.
Pulse Trigger
Pulse trigger means determining the triggering time based on the pulse width. You can
acquire abnormal pulse by setting the pulse width condition.
Table 2-3
Function Menu
Trigger
Trigger source
Trigger setup
Setup
Pulse
A
B
Alternate
Trigger mode
Explanatory Note
Set edge trigger as the trigger type
Set A as the signal source trigger signal.
Set B as the signal source trigger signal
A and B trigger their individual signals
alternately.
Set to acquire waveform only if no trigger is
detected.
Set to acquire waveform only if trigger
condition is satisfied.
Set to acquire one waveform when one trigger
is detected, then stop.
Auto
Normal
Single
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Table 2-3 (Con’t)
Function Menu
Trigger
Trigger setup
coupling
Setup
Explanatory Note
Intercept AC and DC quantities of the input
signal.
Intercept DC quantities of the input signal.
Suppress low frequency quantities below
80kHz of the signal.
Suppress high frequency quantities above
80kHz of the signal.
Set pulse width with the jog dial.
Trigger occurs when pulse width equals to the
set value.
Trigger occurs when pulse width is smaller
than the set value.
Trigger occurs when pulse width is larger
than the set value.
Set the positive pulse width as the trigger
signal.
Set the negative pulse width as the trigger
signal.
AC
DC
H/F Reject
L/F Reject
Pulse width
Pulse width
setup
40ns – 6.40s
Pulse width
=
condition
<
>
Pulse width
polarity
Positive
Negative
Video Trigger
By selecting video trigger, you can carry out field or line trigger with NTSC or PAL
standard video signals.
Trigger menus are as follows :
Table 2-4
Function Menu
Trigger
Trigger source
Standard trigger
Synchronization
Setup
Video
A
B
Alternate
PAL
NTSC
All lines
Specified lines
Odd field
Even field
Explanatory Note
Set video trigger as the trigger type.
Set A as the signal source trigger signal.
Set B as the signal source trigger signal.
A and B trigger their individual signals respectively.
Suitable for PAL video signals.
Suitable for NTSC video signals.
Set the TV line to synchronize with trigger.
Set synchronized trigger on the specified line and adjust
with the jog dial.
Set the video odd field to synchronized trigger.
Set the video even field to synchronized trigger.
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When PAL is selected for standard format and synchronization mode is “specified line”,
you will see a screen display as shown in Figure 2-17. When synchronization mode is “odd
field”, you will see a screen display as shown in Figure 2-18.
Trigger
Video
Trigger source A
Standard PAL
Synchronization
Specified line
Specified line
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Figure 2-17 Video trigger : line synchronization
Trigger
Video
Trigger source A
Standard PAL
Synchronization
Odd field
Figure 2-18 Video trigger : field synchronization
Alternate Trigger
When alternate trigger is selected, trigger signals will be present in their individual vertical
channels. This triggering mode is suitable for observing two signals of uncorrelated signal
frequencies, as shown in the figure below.
Trigger edge
Trigger source
Alternate
Trigger setup
Slew rate
Rise
Holdoff
Figure 2-19 Alternate trigger
Alternate trigger can also be used to compare pulse widths.
Definitions
1) Trigger source : Trigger can be obtained from various sources : Input channel (A or
B) and alternate.
„
Input Channel : The most common trigger source is input channel (choose A
or B). The channel selected as trigger source can operate normally only when
the corresponding input channel is on.
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2)
Trigger mode: Determine the action of your oscilloscope at trigger by selecting the
mode. This oscilloscope offers three trigger modes for selection: auto, normal and
single.
„ Auto Trigger: The system will acquire waveform data automatically when
there is no trigger signal input. The scan baseline is shown on the display.
When the trigger signal is generated, it automatically turns to trigger scan for
signal synchronization.
Note: When time base of the scan range is set to 50ms/div or slower, the
oscilloscope will enter the “Scan” mode.
„ Normal Trigger: In this mode, your oscilloscope samples waveforms only
when triggering conditions are met. The system stops acquiring data and waits
when there is no trigger signal. When the trigger signal is generated, trigger
scan occurs.
„ Single Trigger: In this mode, you only have to press the “Run” button once
and the oscilloscope will wait for trigger. One sampling will occur and the
acquired waveform will be displayed when the oscilloscope detects a trigger.
Then trigger will stop.
3)
Trigger coupling: Trigger coupling determines which quantities of the signal are
transmitted to the trigger circuit. Coupling modes are DC, AC, low frequency
suppression and high frequency suppression.
„ DC: Allowing all quantities to pass.
„ AC: Intercepting DC quantities and attenuating signals under 10Hz.
„ Low Frequency Suppression: Intercepting DC quantities and attenuating low
frequency quantities under 80kHz.
„ High Frequency Suppression: Attenuating high frequency quantities over
80kHz.
4)
Pre-trigger/Delayed Trigger: Data sampled before/after triggering.
The trigger position is typically set at the horizontal center of the screen. In this case,
you are able to view 6 divisions of pre-trigger and delayed information. Adjusting the
horizontal position of the waveform allows you to see more pre-trigger information.
By observing pre-trigger data, you can see the waveform before trigger occurs. For
example, you can detect the glitch that occurs when the circuitry starts. Observation
and analysis of trigger data can help you identify the cause of glitch.
6. Acquisition Modes, Display and Automatic Measurement
Press [SCOPE] to access frequently used function options, as shown in the table below.
Table 2-5 Oscilloscope Function Menu
Function Menu
Setup
Explanatory Note
Acquisition mode See Table 2-6
Parameter
See Table 2-7
measurement
Display
See Table 2-8
Frequency
ON
Turning the frequency counter on/off
counter
OFF
Setting the Acquisition Mode
As shown in Table 2-6 below, press [SCOPE] then [F1] for the acquisition mode menu.
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Table 2-6
Acquisition mode menu
Function Menu
Setup
Acquisition mode
Sampling
Peak detect
Average
Average number of
times (when average
sampling is selected)
Sampling mode
2~256
Real time
Equivalent
Explanatory Note
Set to standard sampling mode.
Set to peak detect mode.
Set to average sampling and display the
average number of times.
Set the average number of times in multiples
of 2, i.e. 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256. To
change the average number of times, use the
jog dial.
Set sampling to real time.
Set sampling to equivalent at a time base
range of 5ns~100ns/div.
By changing sampling setup, you can observe the consequent changes in waveform display.
For example, if the signal contains considerable noise, you will see the following displays
when average sampling is not selected and when 32-time average sampling is selected. For
sampling waveform display please see Figure 2-20 and Figure 2-21.
Acquisition mode
Parameter measurement
Display
Frequency counter
Off
Figure 2-20 Waveform without average sampling
Acquisition mode
Parameter measurement
Display
Frequency counter
Off
Figure 2-21 Waveform display when 32-time average sampling is selected
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Note :
1. Use Real time sampling to observe single signals.
2. Use Equivalent sampling to observe high frequency cyclical signals.
3. To avoid mixed envelop, select Peak Detect.
4. To reduce random noise of the displayed signal, select average sampling and increase
the average number of times in multiples of 2, i.e selecting from 2 to 256.
Definitions :
Normal sampling mode : The digital storage oscilloscope acquires signal sample at equal
and regular intervals to reconstruct the waveform.
Peak detect mode : In this acquisition mode, the digital storage oscilloscope identifies the
biggest and smallest values of the input signals at each sampling interval and uses these
values to display the waveform. In effect, it can acquire and display narrow pulse which
would otherwise be omitted in the sampling mode. Noise seems to be more significant in
this mode.
Average mode : The digital storage oscilloscope acquires several waveforms and takes the
average value to display the final waveform. You can use this mode to reduce random
noise.
Setting the Display Mode
Press [SCOPE] then [F3] to access the display menu shown in Table 2-7 below.
Table 2-7 Display menu
Function Menu
Type
Duration
Setup
Vector
Dot
OFF
2s
5s
Infinite
Format
YT
XT
Explanatory Note
Sampling points are linked for display.
Sampling points are directly displayed.
Waveform on the screen is refreshed at normal
rate.
Waveform on the screen is maintained for 2
seconds and then refreshed.
Waveform on the screen is maintained for 5
seconds and then refreshed.
Waveform on the screen remains on display.
New data will be added continuously.
Operating mode of the oscilloscope.
X-Y is the display mode; A input signal is X
signal, B input signal is Y signal.
Definitions :
Display Type : Vector display fills the space between adjacent sample points in the display.
Dot display shows only the sampling points.
Refresh rate : Refresh rate is the number of times the digital storage oscilloscope
refreshes the waveform display per second. The refreshing speed affects the capability to
observe signal movements speedily.
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X-Y Mode
This mode can be activated only when Channel A and Channel B are both on. After
selecting the X-Y display mode, the horizontal axis will display the A signal, while the
vertical axis will display the B signal.
Caution:
In the normal X-Y mode, you can adjust waveform amplitude with VOLTS/DIV of the two
channels. Adjusting the s/DIV time base will result in a lissajous figure of better display
quality.
The following functions are disabled in the X-Y display mode:
„ Automatic measurement mode
„ Cursor measurement mode
„ Reference or function waveform
„ Vector display type
„ Trigger control
Definitions:
Y-T Mode: In this mode the Y axis indicates voltage and the X axis indicates time.
X-Y Mode: In this mode the X axis indicates Channel A voltage and the Y axis indicates
Channel B voltage.
Slow Scanning Mode: When horizontal time base control is set at 50ms/div or slower, the
unit will operate in the slow scan sampling mode. When observing low frequency signals
in slow scanning mode, it is advised to set channel coupling to DC.
S/ns : A horizontal scaling (time base) unit. If waveform sampling is stopped (by pressing
the [RUN/STOP] button), time base control can expand or compress the waveform.
Parameter Measurement Setup
The notes below help you familiarize with the powerful automatic measurement functions
of your digital storage oscilloscope. Press [SCOPE] then [F2] to access the parameter
measurement menu shown in the following table.
Table 2-8 Parameter measurement menu
Function Menu
Setup
Explanatory Note
Parameter
Customized parameter The screen displays only user-defined
parameters.
measurement
All 27 parameters are displayed.
All parameters
Close the automatic measurement function.
OFF
Up to 3 parameters can be displayed
Customized
Parameter 1
simultaneously on screen.
parameters
Parameter 2
Parameter 3
Number
of
Total 27
Select with the jog dial.
parameters
Display measurement value of Channel A.
Channel
A
Display measurement value of Channel B.
B
Close the automatic measurement display.
OFF
This function offers visual indication of the
Indicator
Parameter 1
parameter being tested.
Parameter 2
Parameter 3
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Example 1:
To display the measurement peak-to-peak value of Channel A, follow the steps below:
1. Press [A] to turn on Channel A.
2. Press [SCOPE] to enter the frequently used function menu.
3. Press [F2] to enter the parameter measurement options.
4. Press [F1] to select customized parameter for parameter measurement.
5. Press [F2] to select parameter 1 as the customized parameter.
6. Press [F3] then turn the jog dial to select peak-to-peak value, then press the jog
dial once to confirm. The screen will exit from the current menu.
7. Press [F4] to select Channel A.
8. Press [F5] to set indicator to parameter 1.
The peak-to-peak value is displayed in the top right corner, as shown below :
Parameter measurement
Customized parameter
Customized parameter
Parameter 1
Channel A
Indicator
Parameter 1
Figure 2-22 Selected parameter measurement
Note : Customized parameters are for quick parameter measurement. This device
has 27 measurement parameters. In general use, the user is not required to measure
all parameters. Only a few have to be tested. In this case, set the parameters you
require as customized parameters. All such parameters will be displayed on the
screen.
Automatic measurement of parameters
Your oscilloscope can automatically measure the following voltage parameters :
Maximum value (Vmax) : The voltage value from the highest point to ground (GND) of
the waveform.
Minimum value (Vmin) : The voltage value from the lowest point to ground (GND) of the
waveform.
Top value (Vtop) : The voltage value from top to ground (GND) of the waveform.
Base value (Vbase) : The voltage value from base to ground (GND) of the waveform.
Middle value (Vmid) : Half of the amplitude value.
Peak-to-peak value (Vpp) : The voltage value from the highest point to lowest point of the
waveform.
Amplitude value (Vamp) : The voltage value from top to base of the waveform.
Overshoot : The ratio value of the difference between maximum value and top value to the
amplitude value.
Preshoot : The ratio value of the difference between minimum value and top value to the
amplitude value.
Average value : Average amplitude of signals within 1 cycle.
Root mean square value (Vrms) : The effective value. Energy generated by AC signal
conversion during 1 cycle with respect to the DC voltage that produces equivalent energy,
i.e. root mean square value.
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Your oscilloscope can automatically measure the following time parameters:
Rise Time: The time taken by the waveform to rise from 10% to 90%.
Fall Time: The time taken by the waveform to fall from 90% to 10%.
Positive Pulse Width (+Width): The pulse width when positive pulse is at 50% amplitude.
Negative Pulse Width (-Width): The pulse width when negative pulse is at 50% amplitude.
Rising delay (Rise): Delayed time of the rising edge from A to B.
Falling delay (Fall): Delayed time of the falling edge from A to B.
Positive duty ratio (+Duty): Ratio of positive pulse width to cycle.
Negative duty ratio (-Duty): Ratio of negative pulse width to cycle.
Example 2 : To display all measurement values of Channel A, follow the steps below :
1. Press [A] to select Channel A.
2. Press [SCOPE] to access the frequently used function options.
3. Press [F2] to enter the measurement options.
4. Press [F1] to select all parameters for parameter measurement.
All measurement parameters will be shown on screen, as shown in Figure 2-23.
Parameter measurement
All parameters
Return
Figure 2-23 All measurement parameters
Frequency counter setup
Press [SCOPE] then [F4] to activate the frequency counter, as shown below.
Acquisition mode
Parameter measurement
Display
Frequency counter
On
Figure 2-24 Hardware frequency counter
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7. Storage Setups and Screen Copy
As shown in Figure 2-25, press [SAVE] to access the storage menu.
Save
Recall
Record
Off
Figure 2-25 Storage menu
You can save and recall waveforms and setup documents on the oscilloscope’s internal
memory and any USB device. You can also save and recall waveform documents and
setup documents on a USB device. For setup see the table below.
Table 2-9 Storage menu
Function Menu
Setup
Save
See Table 2-10
Recall
See Table 2-11
Record
See Table 2-12
OFF
Explanatory Note
Save the current setup or waveform.
Recall a saved setup or waveform.
Record and playback a waveform.
Close the recalled waveform.
Save
In the storage menu, press [F1] to select the save function. For setup see the table below:
Table 2-10
Storage menu
Function Menu
Setup
Save
Setup
Waveform A
Waveform B
Medium
Internal
USB
Position
Run
Return
1~10
Explanatory Note
Save the current setups of all menus.
Save the Channel A waveform.
Save the Channel B waveform.
Save the setup and waveform documents
internally.
Save the waveform document on the USB
device.
Set and select the storage position with the jog
dial.
Run the previously selected operation.
Go back to the previous menu.
Example 1: To request saving a Channel A waveform both on the internal memory and
the USB device.
1. Press [A] to select Channel A.
2. Press [SAVE] to access the storage menu, and then press [F1] to select the storage
function.
3. Press [F1] to select “waveform A” as save type.
4. Press [F2] to select internal as the save medium.
5. Press [F3] to select position 2 with the jog dial.
6. Press [F4]. The waveform is successfully saved when the “Saving.......” progress
bar disappears.
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To store the waveform on a USB device, repeat the above steps but select USB as the
save medium. The save menu is as follows:
Save
Waveform A
Position
Run
Return
Figure 2-26 Waveform save menu
Screen copy
With this function, you can save the display interface on the USB device.
Example 2 : To request saving the display interface on the USB device.
1. Press [A] to turn on Channel A.
2. Insert the USB device into the USB jack.
3. Press and hold the [SAVE] button for 4 to 5 seconds and then release. The
“Saving.......” progress bar will appear. The display interface is successfully saved
on the USB device when that progress bar disappears.
You can see the saved USB image on your computer. It is saved in the root
directory of the USB device.
Recall
In the storage menu press [F2] to select the recall function. For setup see Table 2-11.
Table 2-11 Recall menu
Function Menu
Setup
Explanatory Note
Recall
Setup
Recall a saved setup.
Reference waveform Recall and display a saved waveform.
Source
Internal
USB
Position
1~10
Set and select the recall position with the jog
dial.
Run
Run the previously selected operation.
Return
Go back to the previous menu.
Example 3 : To request recalling and displaying a waveform saved in example 1.
1. Press [SAVE] to access the storage menu, then press [F2] to select the recall
function.
2. Press [F1] to select reference waveform as the recall type.
3. Press [F2] to select internal as the save medium.
4. Press [F3] to select position 2 with the jog dial.
5. Press [F4]. The waveform will be recalled to screen when the “Loading .......”
progress bar disappears.
Record
In the storage menu press [F3] to select the record function. For setup see Table 2-12.
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Table 2-12 Record menu
Function Menu
Waveform record
Playback
Import
Save
Setup
ON
OFF
See Table2-13
USB document
(1-10)
USB document
(1-10)
Return
Explanatory Note
Turn the waveform recording function on and
off.
Playback the recorded waveform on the
screen.
Import the recorded waveform document on
the USB device to the oscilloscope.
Save the recorded waveform on the USB
device.
Go back to the previous menu.
Example 4 : To request recording a Channel A waveform saved and saving it on the
USB device.
1. Press [SAVE] to access the storage menu, then press [F3] to select the record
function.
2. Press [F1] to activate the waveform recording function. The system enters the
recording mode. The number of screens being recorded is shown in the top right
corner.
3. When all specified screens are recorded, press [F1] to close the recording
function. All recorded waveforms will be saved internally.
4. Insert the USB device and press [F4] to access the record and save menu. Press
[F2] to activate the “USB document” option, then select “3” with the jog dial.
5. Press [F4]. The waveform is successfully recorded on the USB device when the
“Saving.......” progress bar disappears.
Note : Your 72-93xx Series Digital Storage Oscilloscope can record up to 1,000
screens of waveform data. If any of the following operations is activated during
recording, the oscilloscope will restart recording from screen 1 again :
„ Changing vertical range of the signal
„ Changing horizontal time base of the signal
„ Changing horizontal position of the signal
„ Changing vertical position of the signal
Waveform playback
In the record menu press [F2] to access the waveform playback function, as shown in the
table below :
Table 2-13 Waveform playback menu
Function Menu
Setup
Screen
-/Single screen
Playback
Return
Explanatory Note
The number of screens being played and total
number of screens.
Select single screen playback with the jog
dial.
Play and pause a recorded waveform
document.
Go back to the previous menu.
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Example 5: To request recalling a recorded waveform document saved on the USB
device from Example 4 to the oscilloscope and playback.
1. Insert the USB device and press [SAVE] to access the storage menu. Press [F3] to
select the recording function.
2. Press [F3] to select “import”, then press [F2] to activate the “USB document”
option. Select “3” with the jog dial and press [F4]. The playback waveform will
appear on screen when the “Loading.......” progress bar disappears.
3. If [F3] is pressed again, all recorded waveform screens will be displayed. Press
[F3] to stop playback, then select playback of a certain screen of waveform with
the jog dial, as shown below :
Screen
Single screen
Playback
Return
Figure 2-27 Recorded waveform playback
8. Cursor Measurement
Press [CURSOR] to display the cursor measurement menu, and then press [F1] to activate
the cursor. The [CURSOR] menu offers two cursor measurement modes: voltage and time.
When measuring voltage, press [F2] on the front panel and the jog dial to adjust the
positions of the two cursors for ∆V measurement. Likewise, by selecting time, you can
measure ∆t.
Voltage/time measurement modes: Positions of cursor 1 and cursor 2 can be adjusted with
the jog dial and [F2] key. Press [F2] to make the cursor move in solid line, and then adjust
it with the jog dial to a desired position. If you require to move two cursors simultaneously,
press [F4] to turn the “Co-Movement” function ON.
The cursor measurement value is displayed in the top left corner.
9. Utility Function Setup
Press [USER] to pop up the utility system setup menu, as shown in Table 2-14.
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Table 2-14 Utility menu
Setup
Function Menu
Option
Energy-save
OFF
mode
5 min
10 min
15 min
20 min
Explanatory Note
When operating with battery, the
oscilloscope will power off at the set time
to save battery power if the unit remains
idle for a specified period of time. If DC
power adaptor is connected, this
energy-save mode is disabled.
Language
Help
Auto calibration
Simplified
Chinese
Traditional
Chinese
English
Interface
Classic
design
Traditional
Modern
ON
OFF
Cancel
OK
System Info
Contrast
Select the interface language.
Set the interface design of the testing device.
There are three designs to choose from.
Turn the help function on/off.
Cancel auto system calibration.
Run auto system calibration.
Display the software and hardware version
of the oscilloscope.
Adjust the display brightness.
Setting the energy-save mode
The initial auto power-off time is 10 minutes. To adjust this follow the steps below:
1. Press [USER] for the utility menu.
2. Press [F1] to access the user option menu.
3. Select the energy-save off time with the jog dial.
4. Press the jog dial to confirm until the current menu is closed.
Auto Calibration :
You can correct measurement errors caused by environmental changes with the auto
calibration function. This process can be run selectively when necessary. To make
calibration more accurate, power on your oscilloscope and allow 20 minutes to warm up.
Then press the [USER] button then [F3] and follow the on-screen prompt to operate.
10. Operating Math Functions
Math functions are displays of +, -, ×, ÷ and FFT mathematical results of Channel A and
Channel B.
Press [MATH] then [F1] to select FFT, +, -, ×, ÷ or OFF as the math type. The menu is as
shown in Table 2-15.
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Figure 2-15 Math function menu
Function Menu
Setup
Math
+
×
÷
OFF
Signal source 1
A
B
Signal source 2
A
B
Vertical range
5mV-50V
Shift
⎯
Explanatory Note
Signal source 1 + Signal source 2
Signal source 1 - Signal source 2
Signal source 1 x Signal source 2
Signal source 1 ÷ Signal source 2
Close the math function
Set signal source 1 as Channel A waveform
Set signal source 1 as Channel B waveform
Set signal source 2 as Channel A waveform
Set signal source 2 as Channel B waveform
Display the current math range and adjust with the
jog dial.
You can shift the math waveform with the jog dial.
Press [MATH] then [F1] select FFT as the math type. The menu is as shown in Table 2-16.
Figure 2-16 FFT function menu
Function Menu
Setup
FFT
Hanning
Hamming
Blackman
Rectangle
Signal source
A
B
Horizontal range
305.1 MHz244.1MHz
Vertical range
5mV-50V
Shift
⎯
Explanatory Note
Set Hanning window function.
Set Hamming window function.
Set Blackman window function.
Set Rectangle window function.
Set A as the math waveform.
Set B as the math waveform.
Display the frequency per division (f/div) of the
current horizontal axis.
Display the current FFT range and adjust with the
jog dial.
You can shift the math waveform with the jog dial.
FFT spectrum analysis
By using the FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) algorithm, you can convert time domain
signals (YT) into frequency domain signals. With FFT, you can conveniently observe the
following types of signals:
z
Measure the harmonic wave composition and distortion of the system
z
Demonstrate the noise characteristics of the DC power
z
Analyze oscillation
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How to operate FFT functions
Signals with DC quantities or offset signals will cause error or offset of FFT waveform
quantities. To reduce DC quantities, select “AC” coupling. To reduce random noise and
frequency aliasing resulted by repeated or single pulse event, set the acquiring mode of
your oscilloscope to “Average” acquisition.
Select the FFT Window
Assuming the YT waveform is constantly repeating itself, the oscilloscope will carry out
FFT conversion of time record of a limited length. When this cycle is a whole number, the
YT waveform will have the same amplitude at the start and finish. There is no waveform
interruption. However, if the YT waveform cycle is not a whole number, there will be
different amplitudes at the start and finish, resulting in transient interruption of high
frequency at the connection point. In frequency domain, this is known as leakage. To avoid
leakage, multiply the original waveform by one window function to set the value at 0 for
start and finish compulsively. For application of the window function, please see the table
below :
Table 2-17 FFT function window
FFT Window
Feature
Most Suitable Measurement Item
Hanning
Frequency recognition rate is Sine, cyclical and narrow-band random
better than the rectangle noise.
window,
but
amplitude
recognition rate is poorer.
Hamming
Frequency recognition rate is Temporary or fast pulse. Signal level
marginally
better
than varies greatly before and after.
Hanning window.
Blackman
The
best
amplitude Mainly for single-frequency signals to
recognition rate and the search for higher-order harmonic wave.
poorest frequency recognition
rate.
Rectangle
The
best
frequency Temporary or fast pulse. Signal level is
recognition rate, the worst generally the same before and after. Equal
amplitude recognition rate. sine wave of very similar frequency. There
Basically similar to a status is broad-band random noise with slow
without adding window.
moving wave spectrum.
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Definition:
FFT recognition rate: It means the quotient of the sampling and math points. When
math point value is fixed, the sampling rate should be as low as possible.
Nyquist frequency: To rebuild the original waveform, at least 2f sampling rate should be
used for waveform with a maximum frequency of f. This is known as Nyquist stability
criterion, where f is the Nyquist frequency and 2f is the Nyquist sampling rate.
11. Window Extension
Window extension can be used to zoom in a band of waveform to check image details. The
window extension setting must not be slower than that of the main time base, as illustrated
by the following figure.
Horizontal extension
Input A
On
Coupling
DC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 2-28 Screen display with window extended
In the window extension mode, the display is divided into two zones as shown in Figure
2-28. The upper part displays the original waveform. You can move the horizontally
extended part of this zone left and right with the
button, or enlarge and reduce the
selected zone with the
button.
The lower part is the horizontally extended waveform of the selected original waveform
zone. Please note that the recognition rate of extended time base relative to the main time
base is now higher (as shown in the above figure). Since the waveform shown in the entire
lower part corresponds to the selected zone in the upper part, you can increase the
extended time base by pressing the
button to decrease the size of the selected zone.
In other words, you can increase the multiple of waveform extension.
12. Hiding the Menus
Use the [CLEAR/MENU] key to hide the current menu. To display a menu, press any
menu key.
13. Using the Run Button
RUN/STOP
There is a [RUN/STOP] button on the front panel. When this button is pressed your
oscilloscope stops to acquire data. To restart data acquisitions, press it again.
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Auto Setup:
Auto Setup can simplify operation. Press [AUTO] and the oscilloscope can automatically
adjust the vertical deflection factor and horizontal time base range according to the
amplitude and frequency of the waveform, so as to ensure stable waveform display. When
the oscilloscope is in auto setup mode, the system setup is as shown below:
Table 2-18
Auto setup menu
Function
Setup
Acquisition mode
Sampling
Display format
YT
SEC/DIV
Adjusted according to signal frequency.
VOLT/DIV
Adjusted according to signal amplitude.
Trigger mode
Edge
Trigger level
Mid-point of the signal
Trigger coupling
AC
Trigger source
Set to A but if there is no signal in A and a signal is applied
to B, it will be set to B.
Trigger slew rate
Rising
Trigger type
Auto
14. Multimeter Measurement
Operation instructions: Open the multimeter function menu by pressing [METER]. Setup
is as follows.
Table 2-19 Multimeter measurement menu
Function Menu
Setup
Explanatory Note
Select the DC voltage measurement mode.
Type
DC voltage
Select the AC voltage measurement mode.
AC voltage
Select the resistance measurement mode.
Resistance
Select the ON/OFF measurement mode.
ON/OFF
Select the diode measurement mode.
Diode
Select the capacitance measurement mode.
Capacitance
Select the DC current measurement mode.
DC current
Select the AC current measurement mode.
AC current
The multimeter automatically selects an
Range mode
Auto
appropriate range for measurement.
The user manually selects an appropriate range for
Manual
measurement.
Range
Display the current measurement range.
Trend plot
On/off
Turn the trend plot function on/off. This function
records the moving trends of voltage, current,
resistance within a specified period.
Zero line value
When trend plot is on, the zero line value
enhances the trend plot resolution.
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Chapter 3 ⎯ Practical Example Illustrations
Illustration 1: Measuring simple signals
To observe and measure an unknown signal in the circuit, and to quickly display and
measure the signal’s frequency and peak-to-peak value.
1.
c
To quickly display this signal, follow the steps below :
In the probe menu, set the attenuation factor to 10X and set the switch on the probe to
10X.
d Connect the Channel A probe to the circuitry point to be measured.
e Press [AUTO].
The oscilloscope will carry out auto setup to optimize waveform display. In this
status, you can further adjust the vertical and horizontal range until you get the
desired waveform display.
2. Voltage and time parameters for automatic measurement
Your oscilloscope can automatically measure most display signals. To measure signal
frequency and peak-to-peak value, follow the steps below:
c Press [SCOPE] for the frequently used function menu.
d Press [F2] to enter the parameter measurement menu, and then press [F1] to set
parameter measurement to defined parameter.
e Press [F2] to set defined parameter to “parameter 1”.
f Press [F3] to select the “frequency” parameter with the jog dial, then press [F4] to
select channel A.
g Press [F2] set defined parameter to “parameter 2”.
h Press [F3] to select the “peak-to-peak” parameter with the jog dial, then press [F4] to
select channel A.
Frequency and Peak-to-peak measurements will now appear in the top left corner of the
screen.
Frequency
Peak-to-peak
Figure 3-1 Automatic measurement
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Illustration 2: Observing the delay caused by a sine wave signal passes through
the circuit
As in the previous scenario, set the probe attenuation factor of the probe and oscilloscope
channel to 10X. Connect Channel A to the circuit signal input terminal. Connect Channel
B to the output terminal.
Steps:
1. To display Channel A and Channel B signals:
c Press [AUTO].
d Continue to adjust the horizontal and vertical range until you get the desired
waveform display.
e Press the Channel A vertical displacement key to adjust Channel A’s vertical position.
f Press the Channel B vertical displacement key to adjust Channel B’s vertical position
so that the waveforms of Channel A and B do not overlap. This will make observation
easier.
2. Observing the delay caused by a sine wave signal passes through the circuit and
observing waveform changes.
c When measuring channel delay automatically, press [SCOPE] to display the
frequently used function menu.
d Press [F2] to enter the parameter measurement menu. Press [F1] to set parameter
measurement to defined parameter.
e Press [F2] to set defined parameter to “parameter 1”
f Press [F3] to select “rising delay” parameter with the jog dial. You can see the delay
value under “rising delay” in the top left corner of the screen.
Parameter measurement
Customized parameter
Customized parameter
Parameter 1
Indicator
Off
Figure 3-2
Illustration 3: Acquiring single signals
The advantage and special feature of your digital storage oscilloscopes lie in its ability to
easily acquire non cyclical signals like pulse and glitch. To acquire a single signal, you
must have transcendental knowledge of that signal to set the trigger level and trigger edge.
For example, if the pulse is a logical signal of TTL level, the trigger level should be set at
about 2V and the trigger edge should be set to rising edge trigger. If you are not certain
about the signal, you can observe it by automatic or normal trigger to determine the trigger
level and trigger edge.
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Steps:
1. As in the previous illustration, set the attenuation factor of the probe and Channel A.
2. Carry out trigger setup.
c Press [TRIGGER] to display the trigger setup menu.
d In this menu, use [F1]~[F5] and the jog dial to set the trigger type to edge, set trigger
source to A, set trigger coupling to AC, set trigger type to single and set edge polarity
to rising.
e Adjust horizontal time base and vertical range to an appropriate range.
f Turn the jog dial to get the desired level.
g Press [RUN/STOP] and wait for a signal that meets the trigger condition. If any
signal reaches the set trigger level, the system will sample once and display it on the
screen. By using this function you can easily acquire any occasional event. For
example, when a sudden glitch of relatively big amplitude is acquired: set the trigger
level to just higher than the normal signal level. Press [RUN/STOP] and begin
waiting. When a glitch occurs, the machine will automatically trigger and record the
waveform immediately before and after triggering. By turning the horizontal
displacement key, you can change the trigger position horizontally to achieve
negative delay trigger of various lengths for easy observation of waveform occurring
before the glitch.
Trigger edge
Trigger source A
Trigger setup
Slew rate
Rise
Hold-off
Figure 3-3 Single signal trigger
Illustration 4: Reducing random noise of signals
If the signal being measured is stacked with random noise, you can adjust the setups of
your oscilloscope to filter or reduce the noise, so it will not cause interference to the signal
during measurement. (Waveform is shown below)
Input A
On
Coupling
AC
Bandwidth limit
Full bandwidth
Bias Voltage
Others
Figure 3-4 Reducing random noise of signals
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Steps :
1. As in the previous illustration, set the attenuation factor of the probe and Channel A.
2. Connect the signal to ensure stable display of waveform. See the previous illustration
for operation instruction. See the previous chapter for guidance on adjusting the
horizontal time base and vertical range.
3. Improving trigger by setting trigger coupling.
c Press [TRIGGER] to display the trigger setup menu.
d Press [F3] to set trigger coupling in the trigger setup menu to low frequency
suppression or high frequency suppression. By selecting low frequency suppression a
high-pass filter is set up. It filters low frequency signal quantities under 80 kHz and
allows high frequency signal quantities to pass through. If you select high frequency
suppression a low-pass filter is set up. It filters high frequency signal quantities
higher than 80 kHz and allows low frequency signal quantities to pass through. By
setting low frequency suppression or high frequency suppression, you can suppress
low frequency or high frequency noise respectively and achieve a stable trigger.
4. Reducing display noise by setting the acquisition mode.
If the signal being measured is stacked with random noise and the waveform is too
coarse as a result, you can use the average acquisition mode to eliminate random
noise display and reduce the size of waveform for easy observation and measurement.
After getting the mean, random noise is reduced and details of the signal are clearer.
Follow the steps : Press [SCOPE] then [F1] to set acquisition mode to “Average”,
then turn the jog dial to adjust the average number of times in multiples of 2, i.e. 2 to
256, until you get the desired waveform display that meets observation and
measurement requirements. (See the figure below)
Acquisition mode
Parameter measurement
Display
Frequency counter
Off
Figure 3-5 Signal noise suppressed
Caution: In the average acquisition mode the waveform display will update at a
slower rate. This is normal.
Illustration 5: Using cursors for measurement
Your oscilloscope can measure 27 waveform parameters automatically. All auto
parameters can be measured with the cursors. By using cursors, you can quickly measure
the time and voltage of a waveform.
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Measuring the width of a single pulse within the pulse signals
To measure the width of a single pulse within the pulse signals, follow the steps below :
1. Press [CURSOR] to display the cursor measurement menu.
2. Press [F1] to set cursor type to time.
3. Move cursor 1 to the rising edge of the single pulse with the jog dial.
4. Press the jog dial to select cursor 2, then turn the jog dial to move cursor 2 to the 2nd
peak value of the single pulse. The ∆ value will be displayed in the cursor menu, i.e.
the width of that pulse, as shown in the figure below.
Cursor
Time
Status
Channel B
Co-movement
Off
Figure 3-6 Measuring pulse width with the cursors
Note: When using the cursor to measure voltage, follow step 2 only and set the cursor
type to voltage.
Illustration 6 : Using the X-Y function
To check the phase difference between signals of the two channels.
Example: To measure the phase variation when a signal passes through the circuit, connect
your oscilloscope to the circuit and monitor the input and output signals. To check the
circuit’s input and output in the X-Y coordinate mode, follow the steps below:
1. Set the attenuation factor of the channel probe to 10X. Set the switch of the probe to
10X.
2. Connect the Channel A probe to the input terminal of the network. Connect the
Channel B probe to the output terminal of the network.
3. If the channel is not on, press the [A] and [B] menu button then press [F1] to enable
the two channels.
4. Press [AUTO].
5. Adjust the vertical amplitude range to make the displayed amplitude of the two
channels about equal.
6. Press the [SCOPE] menu key then [F3] to recall the display control menu.
7. Press the jog dial to select X-Y. The oscilloscope will display the circuit’s input and
output characteristics in a Lissajous figure.
8. Adjust the vertical amplitude range and vertical position to achieve the best
waveform.
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9.
Using the elliptic oscilloscope display graph to observe, measure and calculate the
phase difference. (See the figure below)
The signal must be horizontally center
Figure 3-7 Lissajous figure
If sin θ
= A or C
B D,
θ is the angle of disparity between the channels. For definitions of A, B, C, D see the
above figure. Calculating with this formula, the angle of disparity is
θ = ±arcsin (A ) or θ = ±arcsin (C ).
B
D
If the elliptic main axis is within quadrants I and III, the angle of disparity should be
within quadrants I and IV, i.e. inside (0~ π) or (3π ~ 2π).
2
2
If the main axis is within quadrants II and IV, the angle of disparity should be within
quadrants II and III, i.e. inside (π ~ π) or (π ~ 3π).
2
2
Furthermore, if the frequencies and phase differences of two signals being measured are
exact multiples, you can calculate the frequency and phase correlation between the two
signals.
10. X-Y Phase difference table :
Signal
frequency
0°
45°
ratio
Phase difference
90°
180°
270°
360°
1:1
Illustration 7: Video signal triggering
To observe an individual video circuit, use the video trigger function to obtain a stable
display of video output signal.
Video field triggering
To trigger in the video field, follow the steps below:
1. Press [TRIGGER] to display the trigger menu.
2. Press [F1] to set the type to video.
3. Press [F2] to set trigger source to A.
4. Press [F3] select PAL as the video standard.
5. Press [F4] to select odd field or even field synchronization.
6. Adjust the horizontal time base for a clear waveform display.
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Trigger
Video
Trigger source A
Standard PAL
Synchronization
Odd field
Figure 3-9
Video odd field triggering
Video line triggering
To trigger on the video line, follow the steps below:
1. Press [TRIGGER] to display the trigger menu.
2. Press [F1] to set the type to video.
3. Press [F2] to set trigger source to A.
4. Press [F3] select PAL as the video standard.
5. Press [F4] to select defined line synchronization.
6. Make the signal trigger on any particular line by turning the jog dial.
7. Adjust the horizontal time base for a clear waveform display.
Trigger
Video
Trigger source A
Standard PAL
Synchronization
Specified line
Specified line
Figure 3-10
Video line triggering
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Chapter 4 ⎯ System Prompts and Trouble-shooting
1. Definitions of System Prompts
Adjustment at Ultimate Limit: This informs you that the multifunction control knob has
reached its adjustment limit in the current status. No further adjust is possible. When the
vertical deflection factor switch, time base switch, X shift, vertical shift and trigger level
adjustments have reached their ultimate limits, this prompt will appear.
USB Device Installed: After a USB device is plugged into the oscilloscope, this prompt
appears when the connection is valid.
USB Device Unplugged: After a USB key is unplugged from the oscilloscope, this
prompt appears.
Saving...... : When the oscilloscope is saving a waveform, this prompt is shown on the
screen. A progress bar appears at the bottom.
Loading...... : During waveform recall, this prompt is shown on the screen. A progress bar
appears at the bottom.
Function Disabled: This prompt appears when [ZOOM] is pressed at 5ns-100ns time
base.
2.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Troubleshooting
If the screen of your oscilloscope remains black without any display after powering
on, follow the steps below to find the cause:
c Check if the power switch is properly pressed.
d Plug in the DC power adaptor and check if the battery is out.
e Check the power cable connection.
f Restart the unit after performing the above checks.
g “If the unit still fails to power on, contact your Tenma dealer to request service.”
If no waveform is displayed after you have acquired a signal, follow the steps below
to find the cause:
c Check whether the probe is properly connected to the signal lead.
d Check whether the signal lead is properly connected to the BNC (channel
adaptor).
e Check whether the probe is connected properly to the object to be measured.
f Check whether the object for measurement is generating signals (connect the
channel with signals to the questionable channel to find the cause).
The measurement voltage amplitude value is 10 times larger or smaller than the
actual value:
c Check if the channel attenuation factor corresponds with the probe attenuation
you have chosen.
There is waveform display but it is not stable:
c Check the trigger source setup in the trigger menu. See whether it is the same as
the actual signal input channel.
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5.
6.
7.
d Check the trigger type: Use edge trigger for ordinary signals and video trigger
for video signals. Stable waveform display is achieved only when the correct
trigger mode is selected.
e Try changing the coupling display to high frequency suppression or low
frequency suppression to filter any high or low frequency noise that is interfering
with triggering.
No display after pressing [RUN/STOP]:
c Check if the trigger mode is set to normal or single in the menu, and whether the
level exceeds the waveform range. If so, move the level to the centre or set
trigger mode to AUTO.
d Press [AUTO] to complete the setup.
Display speed is slow after average sampling time is enabled:
c If average sampling is carried out for more than 32 times, the display speed will
drop. This is normal.
d You can reduce the intervals of average sampling.
Trapezoidal waveform display:
c This is normal. The reason is possibly horizontal time base range is too low. You
can improve horizontal pixel aspect ratio and enhance the display quality by
increasing the horizontal time base.
d If the display type is vector, the connection between sampling dots may cause a
trapezoidal waveform. Set the display type to dot to solve this problem.
Chapter 5 ⎯ Service and Support
1. Product Program Upgrade
You can obtain the program upgrade pack from our marketing department or download
it online from our website. Use the built-in program upgrade system of the
oscilloscope to upgrade the program so that it is the latest version released by Tenma
Preparations for upgrade:
1. You have to own a compatible oscilloscope manufactured by Tenma. To check the
model, hardware version and software version of the unit, go to the system
information sub-menu under the user menu.
2. The software upgrade pack that corresponds with the model and hardware version
of the oscilloscope requiring upgrade is available online from our website or from
our marketing department. The software version should be higher than the one
currently installed.
3. Prepare a USB device (disk format FAT). After decompressing the program
upgrade pack, save it in the USB root directory. The program upgrade document
has the suffix “uts”.
Requirements
1. The product model of the program upgrade pack must be the same with the
oscilloscope to be upgraded.
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2. The hardware version of the program upgrade pack must be the same with the
oscilloscope to be upgraded.
3. The software version of the program upgrade pack must be higher than or same as
the software version of the oscilloscope to be upgraded.
4. The FLASH type of the program upgrade pack must be the same as the
oscilloscope to be upgraded.
Program upgrade
1. Power off the oscilloscope then insert the USB device with the program upgrade
document into the USB HOST jack.
2. Press [POWER] to power on the oscilloscope and enter the program upgrade
system welcome screen, as shown in Figure 5-1. The following message be appear,
“Welcome to the USB program upgrade system. Please press [F5] to start upgrade
or [F1] to cancel”.
Figure 5-1
1. Press [F5] as shown in Figure 5-1 to start the program upgrade operation. If there is
only one upgrade pack in the USB root directory, go directly to step 4. Otherwise the
upgrade document selection screen shown in Figure 5-2 will pop up. Use the jog dial
to select the document you need, then press [F5] to confirm. To exit upgrade, press
[F1].
Figure 5-2
2. The upgrade system will determine whether the upgrade document meets upgrade
criteria. When done, the interface shown in Figure 5-3 appears to prompt: “Are you
sure you wish to update?”
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Figure 5-3
3. On the screen shown in Figure 5-3, press [F5] to confirm you require to upgrade the
program. The screen shown in Figure 5-4 will appear with the following prompt:
“System upgrade is in progress. This process will take 3 to 5 minutes. To avoid
unforeseeable error, do not disconnect power during system upgrade. Current upgrade
progress is ......%.”
Figure 5-4
Caution: If power is disconnected or the unit is turned off during this stage of
program upgrade, the oscilloscope will fail to function normally. In that case you
have to reinsert the USB device and complete the upgrade step by step as prompted
before normal operation can be resumed. In the event of upgrade failure, contact us
immediately.
4. When upgrade progress reaches 100%, display will change to OK to indicate success
of the current program upgrade task. A successful upgrade prompt as shown in Figure
5-5 will appear: “Congratulations! Upgrade is successful. Please remove the USB
device and restart your oscilloscope.”
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Figure 5-5
Caution: When you restart the oscilloscope after successful upgrade, the system will
initiate itself. It will take 30 seconds to 1 minute for the operation screen to appear.
Abnormality prompts:
Program upgrade may fail due to various reasons. Below are some common causes for
upgrade failure and the prompts that help users to upgrade the software program
successfully. If upgrade fails, remove the USB device and restart the oscilloscope. The unit
will still function normally. To repeat the upgrade process again, insert the USB device and
carry out the steps in “Program upgrade” above.
1.
During the upgrade process, you can cancel upgrade and exit the upgrade system by
pressing [F1] as guided by the on-screen instructions. The prompt shown in Figure
5-6 will appear: “Remove the USB device and reboot.”
Figure 5-6
2.
If the USB device is removed after [F5] is pressed to continue program upgrade, the
prompt in Figure 5-7 will appear: “USB device has been removed! Please reboot.”
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Figure 5-7
3.
During upgrade, if the system cannot find the upgrade document in the USB root
directory, the message in Figure 5-8 will appear: “Cannot find the valid update file!
Please ensure the update file is in the USB root directory. Remove the USB device
and reboot.”
Figure 5-8
4.
During upgrade, if the document in the USB root directory has been damaged and
cannot be read, you will see the prompt shown in Figure 5-9: “Sorry, reading has
failed. Please contact us for a new upgrade document. Remove the USB device and
reboot.”
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Figure 5-9
5.
During upgrade, if the FLASH of the program upgrade document you copy or select
is different from that of the oscilloscope, the prompt in Figure 5-10 will appear:
“FLASH of the upgrade document is incompatible with the oscilloscope. Please read
the user manual, access system information in the utility menu and contact us.
Remove the USB device and reboot.”
Figure 5-10
6.
During upgrade, if the system reads that the format of the program upgrade pack
document is different from that of the oscilloscope, the prompt in Figure 5-11 will
appear: “Format of the program upgrade pack document is incorrect. Remove the
USB device and reboot.”
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Figure 5-11
7.
If the model of the program upgrade pack is incompatible with the oscilloscope, the
prompt in Figure 5-12 will appear: “Program upgrade pack and product model
incompatible. Please read the user manual and check the oscilloscope model in
system information under the utility menu. You should download an upgrade pack
which corresponds with your oscilloscope model. Remove the USB device and
reboot.”
Figure 5-12
8.
If the hardware version of the program upgrade pack is incompatible with the
oscilloscope, the prompt in Figure 5-13 will appear: “Hardware version of program
upgrade pack incompatible with oscilloscope. Please read the user manual and check
the hardware version in system information under the utility menu. You should
download an upgrade pack which corresponds with your oscilloscope hardware
version. Remove the USB device and reboot.”
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Figure 5-13
9.
If the software version of the upgrade document is lower than that of the oscilloscope,
the prompt in Figure 5-14 will appear “Software version of program upgrade pack is
lower than that of the oscilloscope. Please read the user manual and check the
software version in system information under the utility menu. You should download
a version of upgrade pack which is higher than or same as your oscilloscope software.
Remove the USB device and reboot.”
Figure 5-14
10. During upgrade, if you wish to cancel upgrade after the system has determined that the
upgrade pack is correct, press [F1] to exit the upgrade system. The prompt in Figure
5-15 will appear: “The user has cancelled program upgrade. Remove the USB device
and reboot.”
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Figure 5-15
11. If an unknown error occurs when the user is updating the program, the prompt in
Figure 5-16 will appear: “Sorry, program upgrade has failed. Please read the user
manual and contact us. Remove the USB device and reboot.”
Figure 5-16
Caution: If this error message appears during upgrade, download a new program
upgrade pack and start upgrade all over again. Your oscilloscope has to be
successfully upgraded to resume normal operation. If you cannot upgrade the
program and use your oscilloscope normally, please read the user manual and contact
us for help.
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2. Warranty
Tenma warrants that product produced and marketed by it will be free from defects in
materials and workmanship for a period of three (3) years from the date of shipment by the
authorized dealer. If any such product proves defective during this warranty period, Tenma
will repair the defective product or provide a replacement in exchange according to
detailed provisions of the warranty.
To request maintenance and repair service or a full copy of the warranty, please contact
your nearest Tenma dealer.
Save and except the guarantee given herein or in other applicable warranty, Tenma makes
no other express or implied guarantee, including but not limited to any implied guarantee
on the product’s tradability and suitability for any specific purpose. Under no circumstance
will Tenma dealer bear any liability for any indirect, special or subsequent losses.
3. Contact Us
If you encounter any inconvenience in using this product, contact Tenma directly:
www.tenma.com
800-543-4330
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Chapter 6 ⎯ Appendixes
Appendix A: Performance Indicators
Unless otherwise specified, all technical specifications apply to probes with an attenuation
setting of 10X and the 72-93xx Series Digital Oscilloscopes.
To verify that your oscilloscope meets specifications, it must first meet the following
conditions:
„ The oscilloscope must have been operating continuously for thirty minutes within the
specified operating temperature.
„ If the operating temperature changes by more than 5°C, you must perform the “Self
Cal” operation, accessible through the System Functions menu. All specifications are
guaranteed unless noted “Typical”.
Technical Indicators:
Sampling Modes
Sampling modes
Sampling rates
Sampling
Average
Real time
Equivalent
250MS/s (72-9355)
25GS/s
500MS/s (72-9360)
1GS/s (72-9365)
Sampling, peak detect, average
When all channels have made N samplings simultaneously, N is
selectable from 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 to 256.
Input
Input coupling
Input impedance
Probe attenuation factor
Maximum input voltage
Time delay between channels (Typical)
DC, AC, GND
1MΩ±2% in parallel with 21pF±3pF.
1X, 10X, 100X, 1000X
400V (DC + AC Peak)
50ps
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Horizontal
Waveform interpolation
Recording length
Storage depth
Scanning range (s/div)
Accuracy of sampling
rate and delay time
Time interval
(∆T) measurement
accuracy (full bandwidth)
Linear
2 x 512K sampling point
7.5k
2ns/div-50s/div (200MHz);
5ns/div-50s/div (100MHz, 60MHz);
At 1-2-5 increment.
±50ppm (any time interval ≥1ms)
Single : ± (1 sampling time interval + 50ppm x reading +
0.6ns);
> 16 average values: ± (1 sampling time interval + 50ppm x
reading + 0.4ns).
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Vertical
Model
72-9365, 72-9360, 72-9355
A/D converter (A/D)
8-bit resolution
Deflection factor (V/div)
5mV/div ~ 50 V/div at input BNC
Range (V/div)
Displacement range
± 10 div
Analog bandwidth
200MHz, 100MHz, 60MHz
Single bandwidth
200MHz, 100MHz, 60MHz
Selectable analog bandwidth 20MHz
limit (Typical)
Low frequency response ≤ 10Hz at BNC
(AC coupling, -3dB)
Rise time
≤1.8ns, ≤2.3ns, ≤3.5ns, ≤4.3ns, ≤5.8ns, ≤8.7ns, ≤14ns
DC gain accuracy
When vertical sensitivity is 5mV/div : ±4% (sampling or
average sampling mode);
When vertical sensitivity is 10mV/div~50V/div: ±3%
(sampling or average sampling mode).
DC measurement accuracy When vertical shift is zero and N ≥16 :
(average sampling mode)
± (4% x reading + 0.1 div + 1mV) and 5mV/div is selected;
± (3% x reading + 0.1 div + 1mV) and 10mV/div~50V/div is
selected;
When vertical shift is not zero and N ≥16 :
± (3% x (reading + vertical shift reading) + (1% x vertical shift
reading)) + 0.2 div). Set from 5mV/div to 200mV/div plus
2mV;
Setup value > 200mV/div to 50V/div plus 50mV.
Voltage difference (∆V) Under identical setup and environmental conditions, the
measurement
accuracy voltage difference (∆V) between two points of the waveform
after the average of ≥16 waveforms acquired waveforms is
(average sampling mode)
taken : ± (3% x reading + 0.05 div).
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Trigger
Trigger sensitivity
≤ 1 div
Trigger level range
± 5 div from the centre of the screen
Trigger
level
accuracy ± (0.3 div x V/div) (within ± 4 div from the centre of the
(Typical) applied on signals screen)
of ≥20ns rise or fall time
Pre-trigger capability
Normal mode/scanning mode, pre-trigger/delayed trigger.
Pre-trigger depth is adjustable.
Hold-off range
40ns – 1.5s
Set level to 50% (Typical)
Input signal frequency ≥50Hz
Edge Trigger
Edge type
Rise, Fall
Pulse Trigger
Trigger mode
(Greater than, less than, or equal to) positive pulse; (Greater
than, less than, or equal to) negative pulse.
Pulse width range
40ns – 6.4s
Video Trigger
Trigger sensitivity (video 2 div peak-to-peak
trigger, typical)
2 div peak-to-peak signal Supports standard NTSC and PAL
format
and
line/field Line range : 1-525 (NTSC) and 1-625 (PAL)
frequency (video trigger
type)
Alternate Trigger
A Trigger
Edge, pulse, video
B Trigger
Edge, pulse, video
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Measurement
Cursor
Automatic
measurement
Manual mode
Voltage difference (∆V) between cursors, time
difference (∆T) between cursors.
Cursor display is allowed during auto measurement.
Total 27 measurements : peak-to-peak, amplitude, maximum, minimum,
top, bottom, mean, average, root mean square, overshoot, pre-shoot,
frequency, cycle, rising time, falling time, positive pulse, negative pulse,
positive duty ratio, negative duty ratio, rise delay, fall delay.
3 types
Customized
parameter
measurement
Math functions
+, −, x, ÷
Saving waveforms Internal : 10 groups of waveforms and 10 setups.
USB : 10 groups of interfaces, 10 groups of waveforms.
FFT
Window
Hanning, Hamming, Blackman-Harris, Rectangular
Sampling points
1024 points
Lissajous Figure Phase difference
± 3 degrees
Display
Display type
Display resolution
Waveform display zone
Display contrast
Backlight Intensity
Display Languages
Interface Functions
Standard setup
Optional
145mm diagonal line (5.7”) LCD panel
320 horizontal x 240 vertical pixels
Lateral 12 div, 25 dot/div
Longitudinal 8 div, 25 dot/div
Adjustable.
300 nit.
Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, English.
1 x USB Host
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Digital Multimeter
Resistance measurement
DC voltage measurement
AC voltage measurement
DC current measurement
(external module)
AC current measurement
(external module)
Capacitance measurement
ON/OFF measurement
Diode measurement
Measurement modes
Maximum display number
Range : 600Ω, 6kΩ, 60kΩ, 600kΩ, 6MΩ, 60MΩ
Precision : 60MΩ ± (1.5% + 3 quantization words)
Others : ± (1.2% + 3 quantization words)
Range : 600mV, 6V, 60V, 600V, 1000V
Precision : ± (1% + 5 quantization words)
Range : 600mV, 6V, 60V, 750V
Precision : ± (1.2% + 5 quantization words)
Range : 6mA, 60mA, 600mA, 6A, 10A
Precision : 6mA-600mA ± (1% + 5 quantization words)
6A, 10A ± (1.2% + 5 quantization words)
Range : 6mA, 60mA, 600mA, 6A, 10A
Precision : ± (2% + 5 quantization words)
Range : 6nF, 60nF, 600nF, 6uF, 60uF, 600uF, 6mF
Precision : 6nF ± (4% + 10 quantization words)
6mF ± (5% + 10 quantization words)
Others : ± (4% + 10 quantization words)
Yes
Yes
Auto/manual (Only manual mode is available for current
measurement)
5999
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Power Source
Source Voltage
Power Consumption
DC power supply
Environmental
Temperature
100 - 240VACRMS, 45-440Hz, CAT II
Less than 20VA.
72-9355 / 72-9360 : 3h
72-9365 : 2h
Cooling Method
Operating : 0°C~+40°C
Non-operating : -20 °C~+60°C
Natural cooling.
Humidity
<+ 35°C : ≤ 90% RH;
+35°C~+40°C : ≤ 60% RH;
Altitude
Operating : 3,000m.
Non-operating : 15,000m.
Mechanical Specifications
Dimension
268 x 168 x 60 mm
Weight
Net
Gross
F N:
O104 LF
9G;<AH=BIJ:32L:
:FN:O140 LF
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9 L:
F ]:
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^f_`::abc
9
PF ]:
F
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1.8kg
4.5kg
IP Protection :
IP2X
Adjustment frequency : Recommended calibration frequency is 1 year
Appendix B : Accessories Included
Standard Accessories :
z
Two 1.5m, 1:1 (10:1) passive voltage probes. For details please read the probe
manual. EN61010-031 : 2002 standard.
Rating is 150V CAT II when the switch is in the 1X position;
Rating is 300V CAT II when the switch is in the 10X position.
One international standard power cord.
z
z
One User Manual.
One Product Warranty Card.
z
Two current-to-voltage converter module
z
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z
z
DC adaptor
One multimeter pen
Appendix C : Maintenance and Cleaning
General Care
Do not store or leave the oscilloscope where the LCD display will be exposed to direct
sunlight for long periods of time. Caution: To avoid damage to the oscilloscope or probes,
do not expose them to sprays, liquids, or solvents.
Cleaning
Inspect the oscilloscope and probes as often as operating conditions require. To clean the
exterior surface, perform the following steps :
1. Remove loose dust on the outside of the oscilloscope and probes with a soft cloth.
When cleaning the LCD, use care to avoid scratching the clear protection film of the
LCD.
2. Use a dampened but not dripping soft cloth to clean the oscilloscope. Remember to
disconnect power. Use a mild cleaner or water. To avoid damaging the product or
probe, do not use abrasive chemical cleaner.
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C
Copyright 2011 Tenma All rights reserved.
Manufacturer:
Tenma
405 S. Pioneer Blvd,
Springboro, Ohio 45066-3001
Phone: 1-888-655-5409
This user manual may be revised without prior notice.
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