Canon R-F10 Specifications

FULL AUTO REF
Operation Manual
Before using the instrument, be sure to read this manual thoroughly.
Keep the manual in easy-to-access place.
PLEASE NOTE
1. The user is responsible for the use and maintenance of the product.
We suggest that a member of the user’s staff be designated as being in charge of maintenance so as to ensure that the product is kept in a safe and good condition.
Also, medical products must be used only by a qualified person.
2. In no event will Canon be liable for direct or indirect consequential damage arising out of
the use of this product.
3. This product may malfunction due to electromagnetic waves caused by portable personal
telephones, transceivers, radio-controlled toys, etc.
Be sure to avoid having objects such as these, which affect this product, brought near the
product.
4. Canon reserves the right to change the specifications, configuration and appearance of
the product without prior notice.
© CANON INC. 2004
All rights reserved.
Under copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written
consent of Canon.
Safety Information
Regulations
For U. S. A.
This instrument is a CLASS I EQUIPMENT and TYPE B APPLIED PARTS according to
UL2601-1.
Do not make any changes or modifications to the equipment unless otherwise specified in
the manual.
If such changes or modifications should be made, you could be required to stop operation of
the equipment.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in
which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Use of shielded cable is required to comply with class A limits in Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC
rules.
For Canada
This equipment complies with the Canadian ICES-003 class A specifications.
For EU Countries
This instrument is a Class I Equipment with measuring function.
This is a Group 1, Class B equipment according to EN55011.
The following mark shows compliance of the instrument with Directive 93/42/EEC.
Für Deutschland
Während des Betriebs liegt der Schalldruckpegel dieses Instruments bei 70 dB(A) oder
weniger gemäß ISO 7779.
(1)
Safety Information
ISO15004
This report provides information about the hazard to the examinee’s eyes in compliance with
ISO15004 (1997).
1. The spectral characteristics of radiant flux exiting from this instrument are as follows:
Spectral irradiance (relative)
Refractometry IRED
Outer eye illumination IRED
Eye fixation target illumination LED
100
90
80
70
60
Irradiance 50
(relative) 40
30
20
10
0
300
400
500
600
800
700
900
1000
1100
1200
Wavelength [nm]
2. Photochemical radiance
The photochemical radiances of each light source irradiated from this instrument to the
examinee’s eyes are indicated below. All the values in the following table were measured
when the instrument was operating at maximum light intensity and maximum aperture.
La [mW/cm2/sr]
Lb [mW/cm2/sr]
(1) Refractometry IRED
0.0000
0.0000
(2) Outer eye illumination IRED
0.0578
0.0225
(3) Eye fixation target illumination LED
0.0099
0.0085
3. The above values are spectrally weighted radiance on the pupil of examinee’s eyes in
each wavelength.
La gives the measure for eyes in which the crystalline lens has been removed (aphakes) or
for eyes of infants. Lb gives this measure for eyes in which the crystalline lens is in place
except for infants’.
Spectrally weighted photochemical radiances La and Lb give a measure of the potential that
exists for a beam of light to cause photochemical hazard to the retina.
According to “the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents (1995 - 1996 edition)”,
at photochemical radiances La and Lb of 80 [mW/cm2/sr], 3 minutes irradiation would cause
the retinal exposure dose level to attain the recommended exposure limit.
(2)
Safety Information
If the value of radiance was 40 [mW/cm2/sr], 6 minutes would be needed to reach the recommended limit.
That is, the retinal exposure dose for a photochemical hazard is a product of the radiance
and the exposure time.
Since La and Lb of this instrument are extremely low, the risk of the photochemical hazard is
also very low. While no acute optical radiation hazards have been identified for this instrument, it is recommended that the intensity of light directed into the examinee’s eye be limited
to the minimum level which is necessary for diagnosis. Infants, aphakes and persons with
diseased eyes will be at greater risk. The risk may also be increased if the person being
examined has had any exposure with the same instrument or any other ophthalmic instrument using a visible light source during the previous 24h. This will apply particularly if the eye
has been exposed to retinal photography.
(3)
Safety Information
General Safety Information
Follow the safety instructions in this manual and all warnings and cautions printed on the warning
labels. Ignoring such cautions or warnings while handling the product may result in injury or accident.
Be sure to read and fully understand the manual before using this product.
Keep this manual for future reference.
Meaning of Caution Signs
! WARNING
This indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not heeded,
could result in death or serious injury to you or others.
! CAUTION
This indicates hazardous situations which, if not heeded, may result in
minor or moderate injury to you or others, or may result in machine
damage.
NOTE
This is used to emphasize essential information.
Be sure to read this information to avoid incorrect operation.
Installation and Environment of Use
! WARNING
Do not install the instrument near any flammable chemicals such as
alcohol, thinner, benzine, etc.
If chemicals are spilled or evaporate, it may result in fire or electric
shock through contact with electric parts inside the instrument.
Also, some disinfectants are flammable.
Be sure to take care when using them.
! CAUTION
Do not install the instrument in a location with the conditions listed
below. Otherwise, it may result in failure or malfunction, fall or cause fire
or injury.
- Close to facilities where water is used.
- Where it will be exposed to direct sunlight.
- Close to or on air-conditioner or ventilation equipment.
- Close to or on heat source such as a heater.
- Prone to vibration.
- Insecure trolley or stand.
- Dusty environment.
- Saline or sulfurous environment.
- High temperature or humidity.
- Freezing or condensation.
! CAUTION
Place the instrument on a firm table. Do not place it extremely near the
edge of the table in order to avoid damage or injury due to falling.
! CAUTION
Do not cover the vent holes on the cover. Otherwise, the temperature in
the instrument will rise and may cause fire.
(4)
Safety Information
Installation Operation
! WARNING
Do not connect the instrument with anything other than specified.
Otherwise, it may result in fire or electric shock.
Also, when other equipment is going to be connected to the instrument
using the connector for interface, be sure to check after connection that
leakage current is within the tolerable value.
For details, please contact Canon representative or distributor.
Power Supply
! WARNING
Only operate the instrument with the type of power supply indicated on
the rating plate. Otherwise, it may result in fire or electric shock.
! WARNING
Be sure to disconnect/connect the cables as indicated in this manual.
The unit weighs 21 kg, so bear in mind that it may tip over if proper
care is not taken.
Also, do not handle the cables with wet hands. Otherwise, you may get
an electric shock that may result in death or serious injury.
! WARNING
Securely plug in the power cable into the AC outlet.
If contact failure occurs, or if dust or metal object come in contact with
the exposed metal prong of the plug, fire or electric shock may result.
! WARNING
Be sure to hold the plug or connector to disconnect the cable.
If you pull the cable, the core wire may be damaged, resulting in fire or
electric shock.
! WARNING
Do not cut or process the cables. Also, do not place anything heavy,
including the instrument on it, step on it, pull it, bend it, or bundle it.
Otherwise, the cable may be damaged, which may result in fire or
electric shock.
! WARNING
Do not get the power for more than one instrument from the same AC
outlet. Otherwise, it may result in fire or electric shock.
! CAUTION
The instrument is shipped with a grounding type (three-core) power
cable. To reduce the risk of electric shock, always plug the cable into a
grounded power outlet.
! CAUTION
To make it easy to disconnect the plug at any time, avoid putting any
obstacles near the outlet.
(5)
Safety Information
Handling
! WARNING
Never disassemble or modify the product as it may result in fire or
electric shock. Also, since the instrument incorporates high-voltage
parts that may cause electric shocks and other hazardous parts,
touching them may cause death or serious injury.
! WARNING
Do not place anything on top of the instrument. Otherwise, the object
may fall and cause injury.
Also, if metal objects such as needle or clip falls into the instrument, or
if liquid is spilled, it may result in fire or electric shock.
! WARNING
When the instrument is going to be moved, be sure to move the
measurement head to the center, turn OFF the power switch, unplug the
power cable from the AC outlet, and disconnect other cables.
Otherwise, the cable may be damaged, which may result in fire or
electric shock.
Also, when the instrument is going to be carried, support the bottom of
the instrument and hold it horizontally. Do not hold it by the face rest or
other parts as they may come off, resulting in injury.
! WARNING
Do not hit or drop the instrument. The instrument may be damaged if it
receives a strong jolt, which may result in fire or electric shock if the
instrument is used without it being repaired.
! CAUTION
Wipe the forehead rest with ethanol or glutaraldehyde solution to
disinfect it each time a different examinee uses it, in order to prevent
infection.
Please consult a specialist for the procedure for disinfection.
! CAUTION
Change the chin rest paper each time the examinee changes in order
to keep the chin rest clean.
! CAUTION
Do not have the examinee place his/her hand under the chin rest or
near the measurement head. Otherwise, fingers may be hurt.
! CAUTION
Be careful to avoid the measurement head hitting the examinee's face
when moving it toward the examinee during alignment and focusing in
manual measurement.
! CAUTION
When the instrument is not going to be used, turn OFF the power
switch. Also, unplug the power cable from the AC outlet when it is not
going to be used for a long time.
! CAUTION
This instrument incorporates a lithium battery, which may pollute the
environment if the instrument is abandoned.
Please ask a professional waste disposal company to handle disposal,
or contact Canon representative or distributor before disposing of the
instrument.
(6)
Safety Information
When Problem Occurs
! WARNING
Should any of the following occur, immediately turn OFF the power
switch, unplug the power cable from the AC outlet, and contact Canon
representative or distributor.
- When there is smoke, odd smell or abnormal sound.
- When liquid has been spilled into the instrument or a metal object has
entered through an opening.
- When the product has been dropped and it is damaged.
Maintenance and Inspection
! WARNING
For safety reasons, be sure to turn OFF the power switch when the
inspections indicated in this manual are going to be performed.
Otherwise, it may result in electric shock.
! WARNING
When the instrument is going to be cleaned, be sure to turn OFF the
power switch, and unplug the power cable from the AC outlet.
Never use alcohol, benzine, thinner or any other flammable cleaning
agents. Otherwise, fire or electric shock may result.
! WARNING
Clean the plug of the power cable periodically by unplugging it from the
AC outlet and removing dust or dirt from the plug, its periphery and AC
outlet with a dry cloth. If the cable is kept plugged in for a long time in a
dusty, humid or sooty place, dust around the plug will attract moisture,
and this could cause insulation failure which could result in a fire.
! WARNING
The instrument must be repaired by a qualified engineer only. If it is not
repaired properly, it may cause fire, electric shock, or accident.
! CAUTION
For safery reasons, be sure to inspect the instrument before using it.
(7)
Safety Information
Rating Plate and Warning Label
The R-F10 has a rating plate and a warning label on it.
Contents of those and the positions where they are attached are indicated below.
Warning Label
See manual
Mirar el manual
The unit weighs 21 kg –
it may tip over if proper
care is not taken.
This mark indicates that this
is a Type B Applied Part
according to UL2601-1/
EN60601-1.
This unit can be installed in
the patient environment.
Raing Plate
(8)
Contents
Safety Information ................................................................................. (1)
1. Overview ..............................................................................................1
2. Notes for Using the Instrument ............................................................2
3. Description ...........................................................................................3
3.1 Main Unit ........................................................................................................... 3
3.2 Connectors under the Main Unit ....................................................................... 5
3.3 Operation Panel ................................................................................................ 6
4. Measurements .....................................................................................9
4.1 Preparation ....................................................................................................... 9
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode ................................................................ 12
4.3 Measurement in MANUAL Mode .................................................................... 19
5. Measurements Stored in Memory [DISPLAY Mode] ..........................23
6. Various Settings [SET Mode] .............................................................24
6.1 Settings for Measurement (Page: 1/3) ............................................................ 25
6.1.1 Basic Operation ....................................................................................... 25
6.1.2 Items ........................................................................................................ 25
6.2 Settings for Printing and Transfer (Page: 2/3) ................................................. 28
6.2.1 Basic Operation ....................................................................................... 28
6.2.2 Items ........................................................................................................ 29
6.3 Entering Message for Internal Printer (Page: 3/3) ........................................... 31
6.3.1 About the Display ..................................................................................... 31
6.3.2 How to Enter the Characters.................................................................... 32
6.3.3 How to Insert ............................................................................................ 32
6.3.4 How to Delete .......................................................................................... 33
7. Daily Inspection and Maintenance .....................................................35
7.1 Inspection ........................................................................................................ 35
7.1.1 Before Turning ON the Power .................................................................. 36
7.1.2 After Turning ON the Power ..................................................................... 37
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person ..................................................................... 38
7.2.1 If Problems Such as Following Occur ...................................................... 38
7.2.2 If Message Such as Following Appears on the Monitor ........................... 39
7.3 Cleaning and Disinfection ............................................................................... 43
7.3.1 Protective Glass in Measurement Window .............................................. 43
7.3.2 Forehead Rest ......................................................................................... 44
7.3.3 Cover, Monitor and Roller ........................................................................ 44
7.3.4 Trackball .................................................................................................. 45
7.4 Replacement ................................................................................................... 46
7.4.1 Chin Rest Paper ...................................................................................... 46
7.4.2 Printing Paper .......................................................................................... 47
7.5 Expendable Parts List ..................................................................................... 49
8. Installation ..........................................................................................50
8.1 Installation ....................................................................................................... 50
8.2 Precautions when Moving the Instrument ....................................................... 52
9. Service Information ............................................................................53
10. Specifications ...................................................................................54
11. Components .....................................................................................55
1. Overview
The Canon Full Auto Ref R-F10 is for performing refractometry.
The main feature of the R-F10 is that by just displaying the examinee’s eye somewhere on
the monitor and pressing the START switch, the instrument then automatically performs a
precise alignment and measurement by a three-dimensional tracking system.
Furthermore, the instrument will also measure the other eye and print out the results for both
eyes. Thus, full measurement can be done very easily in a short time.
Also, because the observation range of examinee’s eye on the monitor has been widened and
the depth of focus is deep, it is easier to check the position of the eye or whether eyelashes
are covering the pupil.
–1–
2. Notes for Using the Instrument
Before Use
(1) Sudden heating of the room in cold areas will cause condensation to form on the
protective glass in the measurement window and on optical parts inside the instrument.
In this case, wait until condensation disappears before performing measurement.
During Measurement
(1) Do not stain the protective glass in the measurement window with fingerprints, etc.
Otherwise, you may not be able to obtain a correct measurement.
(2) It is recommended that a hard copy of the printout be made if you wish to store it for a
long time, because printouts on thermal paper are apt to deteriorate.
After Use
(1) Turn OFF the power and place the dust cover over the instrument.
During Cleaning and Disinfection
(1) If the surface of the protective glass is wiped when dust or dirt is on it, it will be
scratched. Also, do not wipe the protective glass with ethyl alcohol or with cleaning
paper containing silicone.
Otherwise, the surface will be corroded, or will be stained. → Section 7.3.1
(2) Do not use alcohol, benzine or thinner for cleaning the cover of the instrument.
Also, never wipe the cover with ethanol or glutaraldehyde solution.
Otherwise, the coating will be corroded. → Section 7.3.3
During Installation
(1) Handle the instrument carefully, as preadjustment may be altered if the instrument
receives a strong jolt.
(2) Do not install the instrument where it will be exposed to direct sunlight.
Otherwise, it will be hard to see the monitor properly, or you may not be able to obtain
a correct measurement.
(3) Blow off the dust in the connectors of the cables with a blower before connecting them.
Otherwise, connection failure may occur.
(4) When the instrument is going to be transported, it must be protected against vibration
and shocks. Contact Canon representative or distributor for advice on the procedure for
packing it.
(5) Do not lay the instrument on its side when the power is turned ON. Otherwise, the
instrument will malfunction.
–2–
3. Description
3.1 Main Unit
1
2
5
6
3
4
1 Measurement Head
Unit that performs measurement.
4 Brightness Adjuster
Adjusts brightness of monitor.
2 Height Adjustment Mark
Align the height of the examinee’s eye with this
mark by adjusting the height of chin rest.
5 Monitor
Monitor that displays the screen for measurements and various settings.
3 Contrast Adjuster
Adjusts contrast of monitor.
6 Operation Panel
See section 3.3.
–3–
3.1 Main Unit
11
12
7
13
8
9
10
7 Face Rest
Place the examinee’s face against this rest.
11 Forehead Rest
Place the examinee’s forehead against this rest.
8 Printer
Prints measurements.
12 Measurement Window
Window for the examinee to look into for
measurement.
9 Rating Plate
Name of the product, rated voltage, serial
number, etc. are indicated on this plate.
13 Chin Rest
Place the examinee’s chin on this rest.
10 Power Switch
Switch for turning power ON and OFF.
–4–
3.2 Connectors under the Main Unit
3.2 Connectors under the Main Unit
NOTE: Do not remove the cover for the RS232C connector.
Please contact Canon representative or distributor when connecting any instrument
to the R-F10.
1
2
1 Power Supply Connector
Connector for the power supply cable.
2 RS232C Connector
RS232C connector for connecting instruments
such as autophoropters.
The instrument must comply with the
IEC60601-1 standard.
–5–
3.3 Operation Panel
3.3 Operation Panel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1 DISP Switch
Press this switch in order to enter DISPLAY
mode, where you can see measurement data
stored in memory.
5 Trackball
Moves the measurement head up and down,
right and left.
2 IOL Switch
Press this switch when the examinee’s eye is
difficult to measure due to cataract or for
examinee with intraocular lens (IOL). Lamp on
the switch lights when the switch is ON.
6 START Switch
When this switch is pressed in automatic
measurement mode, automatic alignment and
measurement are performed. In manual measurement mode, only measurement is performed.
3 VD Switch
Vertex distance switches between 12.0 mm or
13.5 mm (for glasses) and 0 mm (for contact
lenses).
7 PRINT Switch
Press this switch in order to print or transfer the
measurement.
4 R/L Switch
Each time the switch is pressed, the measurement head moves either to the right or left eye.
–6–
3.3 Operation Panel
8
9 10 11
12
13
8 SET Switch
Press this switch in order to enter SET mode,
where you can perform various settings concerning measurements.
11 AUTO Switch
Press this switch in order to perform fully
automatic measurement.
9 MANU. Switch
Press this switch in order to perform manual
measurement.
12 CHIN REST Switches
For raising/lowering the chin rest.
10 READY Lamp
It is constantly lit when the instrument is ready
for measurement, and blinks during initial
checks and when power-saving system is
operating.
13 Roller
Moves the measurement head back and forth.
–7–
3.3 Operation Panel
In DISPLAY and SET modes, a diagram showing the switches and their functions for the
operation will be displayed on the lower part of the monitor, because the functions differ
from that seen in the display of the switches.
The diagram corresponds to the switches on the operation panel as follows:
DISP switch
SET switch
IOL switch
VD switch
R/L switch
Trackball
MANU. switch AUTO switch
START switch
CHIN REST Roller
switches
–8–
PRINT switch
4. Measurements
! WARNING
Should any of the following occur, immediately turn OFF the
power switch, unplug the power cable from the AC outlet, and
contact Canon representative or distributor.
- When there is smoke, odd odor or abnormal sound.
- When liquid has been spilled into the instrument or a metal
- objects has entered through an opening.
- When the product has been dropped or its housing
- damaged.
When any operation has been interrupted for more than 3 minutes with the power turned
ON, power-saving system of the R-F10 operates. Buzzer sounds when the instrument is
entering or going out of this mode, and READY lamp blinks while this system is operating. Press any one of the switches in order to restore the function.
4.1 Preparation
Preparation is basically the same for measurements both in FULL AUTO and MANUAL
modes.
1
Turn ON the power
Initial checks inside the instrument
start automatically.
–9–
4.1 Preparation
When the checks are completed,
FULL AUTO mode will be selected
and the measurement head will move
and stop at the right eye side.
NOTE: Because the measurement
head moves during initialization, do not have the examinee
place his/her face on the chin
rest until the initialization is
completed.
2
PD: – –
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO(3)
RIGHT
1:
SPH
CYL
No. 00001
AX
Check the settings
Check and change the settings concerning measurement and printing as required (→
sections 6.1 – 6.2).
If you want to print a message with the result, enter it (→ sections 6.3).
Vertex distance can be selected by
pressing the VD switch.
Each time the switch is pressed,
vertex distance changes (12.0 or 13.5,
whichever is selected in SET mode →
0.0 →12.0/13.5 → 0.0...), and result
changes accordingly.
0.0
PD: – –
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO(3)
RIGHT
1:
– 10 –
SPH
CYL
No. 00001
AX
4.1 Preparation
3
Adjust the height of the examinee’s eye
! CAUTION
Ensure that the examinee has not placed his/her hand or
fingers under the chin rest. Otherwise, fingers may be
hurt.
! CAUTION
Wipe the forehead rest with ethanol or glutaraldehyde
solution to disinfect it each time a different examinee
uses it, in order to prevent infection.
Please consult a specialist for the procedure for
disinfection.
If you are using disinfectant other than those specified
above, or if you are mixing another disinfectant with
ethanol, please also consult a specialist, because they
may harm the forehead rest.
! CAUTION
Change the chin rest paper each time the examinee
changes in order to keep the chin rest clean.
(1) Have the examinee sit and place his/her chin and forehead against the chin rest
and forehead rest.
(2) Adjust the height of the chin rest
by pressing CHIN REST switches
so that the eye of the examinee is
aligned with the height adjustment mark on the face rest.
– 11 –
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
There are two modes of performing measurement; FULL AUTO and MANUAL.
FULL AUTO mode is selected automatically when the power is turned ON or when the
PRINT switch is pressed.
The examiner can also choose FULL AUTO mode with the AUTO switch.
After displaying the examinee’s eye on the monitor, the examiner presses the START switch.
The instrument will then automatically perform the alignment, focusing and measurement.
It is also possible to have the instrument automatically measure the left eye successively
after measuring the right eye, and then print out the results.
In order to use the fully automatic function, set the options in SET mode (→ sections 6.1 and
6.2) as follows:
“PRINT: ON”
“R–L MEASURE: ON”
“AUTO PRINT: ON”
Select MANUAL mode with the MANU. switch when the pupil is eccentric, or when measuring a certain examinee is apt to result in error.
See section 4.3 for the procedure for manual measurement.
– 12 –
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
1
Check that automatic measurement has been chosen
If the words “FULL AUTO” is not
displayed on the monitor, press AUTO
switch.
PD: – –
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO(3)
RIGHT
1:
2
SPH
No. 00001
CYL
AX
Check that the examinee’s eye is displayed on the monitor
If you cannot see it at all, adjust the
position of the measurement head
using the trackball.
PD: – –
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO(3)
No. 00001
Measurement head moves to right and
left when trackball is turned to right
and left.
Measurement head moves up and
down when it is turned back and forth.
RIGHT
1:
3
SPH
CYL
Have the examinee look at the eye fixation target
Have the examinee look at the red roof in the center of the scene shown.
– 13 –
AX
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
4
Start automatic measurement
Press the START switch.
Measurement head moves automatically to perform alignment.
PD: – –
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO(3)
No. 00001
Corneal bright dots
RIGHT
1:
SPH
[
CYL
AX
]
When a warning message “[1] EYE CANNOT BE FOUND PRESS START
SW AGAIN” is displayed, or when alignment does not end
When automatic alignment cannot be performed within a specific time, the measurement head stops moving and a warning message “[1] EYE CANNOT BE FOUND
PRESS START SW AGAIN” will be displayed. Also, in some cases, alignment does
not end depending on the condition of examinee’s eye.
In this case, take the measures indicated below according to the cause.
[Cause 1] The position of examinee’s eye is off the automatic alignment range.
[Remedy 1] Move the position of the examinee’s eye displayed on the monitor toward
the center a little more using the roller and trackball. Then, press the
START switch. Adjust the height of the examinee’s eye with the height of
the chin rest as required.
[Cause 2] Examinee’s eye is moving restlessly due to nystagmus, etc.
[Remedy 2] Have him/her look at the eye fixation target and press the START switch
again.
If the eye is moving due to causes such as nystagmus, perform compulsory measurement by pressing the START switch during automatic
alignment (see below), or perform continuous manual measurement by
pressing the START switch for about 2 seconds (→ next page).
– Compulsory measurement –
In compulsory measurement, each time the START switch is pressed,
measurement is performed once.
NOTE: Measurement error will occur unless the positioning is correct.
– 14 –
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
– Continuous manual measurement –
When START switch is pressed for about two seconds after the message
is displayed, continuous measurements will start.
Perform alignment manually using the roller and trackball after the
measurement is started, referring to section 4.3.
Measurement will be performed until 10 measurements are obtained.
After the measurement is over, the instrument will automatically return to
FULL AUTO mode.
Continuous measurement can be cancelled by touching any switch other
than roller or trackball during continuous measurement.
Continuous measurement can also be started by pressing the START
switch for about two seconds after message [2], [3], [4] or [10] (→
section 7.2.2) is displayed.
[Cause 3] The pupil is obscured by eyelashes or eyelid.
[Remedy 3] Instruct the examinee to keep his/her eye open wide until measurement
ends, or help them open the eye widely by lifting up the upper eyelid
lightly with your fingers. Then, press the START switch again.
[Cause 4] Effect of light reflected from the surface of IOL (intraocular lens) .
[Remedy 4] Display the corneal bright dots near the center using trackball and roller.
Then, press the START switch again.
[Cause 5] There is problem in surface of examinee’s cornea.
[Remedy 5] Perform compulsory measurement (→ Remedy 2), or perform continuous
manual measurement (→ Remedy 2).
[Cause 6] Effect of artificial light or sunlight reflected from the examinee’s eye.
[Remedy 6] Do not expose the examinee’s eye directly to bright artificial light or
sunlight.
If the alignment still cannot be performed, message “[3] EYE CANNOT BE FOUND
TRY IN MANUAL MODE” will be displayed. In this case, perform continuous manual
measurement by pressing the START switch for about two seconds, or perform
measurement in MANUAL mode by referring to section 4.3.
– 15 –
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
5
After the alignment, measurement is performed automatically
Measurement is performed as many times as selected in the SET mode (→ section
6.1).
PD: – –
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO (3)
RIGHT
1:
2:
3:
[
SPH
-0.37
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
No. 00001
CYL
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
AX
37
36
36
36
Sphere, cylinder, axis
]
Standard value
Maximum of three measurements will be displayed on the monitor.
If measurement is made more than three times, standard value* will be calculated.
Data in memory (maximum of 10 measurements) and standard value can be seen in
DISPLAY mode.
NOTES: 1. When “[2]/[4] MEASUREMENT ERROR” appears on the monitor, press
the START switch for about two seconds if you wish to perform continuous manual measurement (→ Remedy 2 on the previous page). After the
measurements are completed, the instrument will automatically return to
FULL AUTO mode.
2. If “ERROR” appears on the monitor, refer to section 7.2.2.
3. If refractometry is apt to result in an error, turn ON the IOL switch**.
* Standard value
When there is only one piece of data:
When there are two pieces of data:
When there are more than three pieces of data:
That data will be displayed.
The newest reliable data will be displayed. If there is no
reliable data, the newest data will be displayed.
If there are three or more reliable data, the value calculated
will be displayed. If there are two reliable data, the newest
reliable data will be displayed. If there is only one reliable
data, the data will be displayed. If there is no reliable data,
the newest data will be displayed.
** IOL switch
If refractometry is apt to result in an error due to the following causes, measure the eye with the IOL switch turned
ON:
(1) Effect of light reflected from the surface of IOL
(2) Unclear crystalline lens, i.e. cataract
(3) Diameter of examinee’s pupil is small, i.e. insufficient dilation
When IOL switch is turned ON, the lamp on the switch turns ON.
After the measurement, “I” mark will be displayed after “AX”.
NOTES: 1. If measurement is made after switching the IOL switch ON/OFF, the previous data will be erased.
2. There may be some aberration to the measurement value due to deformation of cornea after
surgery.
3. Reliability of the measurement with IOL switch turned ON may be low.
– 16 –
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
6
7
Move measurement head toward the other eye
If “R–L MEASURE” is set to “ON” in SET mode (→ section 6.1), the measurement
head automatically moves to the other eye.
If the setting is “OFF”, press the R/L switch.
Alignment and measurement of the other eye are performed
Alignment and measurement are
performed automatically in the same
way as measuring the right eye is
done when the pupil of the left eye
has been detected.
After both eyes are measured, pupil
distance (PD) will be displayed.
PD: 67
VD:13.5
FULL AUTO(3)
LEFT
1:
2:
3:
[
8
SPH
-0.62
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
CYL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
No. 00001
AX
180
180
180
180
]
The result is printed out
If “PRINT” and “AUTO PRINT” are set to “ON” in SET mode (→ section 6.1), the
result will be printed out automatically after both eyes are measured.
If the setting is “OFF”, press PRINT switch.
– Result will disappear from the monitor. However, it is saved in memory and can be
referred to on the DISPLAY mode screen and/or can be printed out again until the
next measurement is performed.
– If “TRANS” is set to “ON”(→ section 6.2):
Measurement data will be transferred to external instrument.
– If “COUNT” is set to “ON”(→ section 6.1):
Serial number will count up after data is printed/transferred.
NOTES: 1. Results will be deleted from memory at the measurement after printing/
transfer is performed.
2. It is recommended that a hard copy of the printout be made if you wish to
store it for a long time, because printouts on thermal paper are apt to
deteriorate.
– 17 –
4.2 Measurement in FULL AUTO Mode
Example of Printout
CANON R-F10
04/NOV/2002
No. 00001
NAME
Right side eye
Results of refractometry
saved in memory
Standard values
Left side eye
Pupil distance
Message
9
<RIGHT>
SPH
–0.37
–0.50
–0.50
[ –0.50
14:25
Serial number
Space for name
VD:13.5
CYL
AX
–0.75
37
–0.75
36
–0.75
36
–0.75
36 ]
<LEFT>
SPH
–0.62
–0.75
–0.75
[ –0.75
Date and time
CYL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
Vertex distance
Sphere, cylinder, axis
AX
180
180
180
180 ]
PD: 67 mm
CANON INC.
Measurement head returns to initial position
When printing is completed, the measurement head returns to its initial position and
waits for the next measurement.
– 18 –
4.3 Measurement in MANUAL Mode
4.3 Measurement in MANUAL Mode
Perform measurement in MANUAL mode when the pupil is eccentric, or when measuring a
certain examinee is apt to result in error.
NOTE: Be sure to perform focusing precisely in manual measurement. Otherwise, measurement error may occur.
1
Choose manual measurement
Press MANU. switch to display the
word “MANUAL” on the monitor.
PD: – –
MANUAL
RIGHT
1:
2
SPH
No. 00001
CYL
AX
Display the examinee’s right eye on the monitor
Use the roller and the trackball so that
the right eye of the examinee is seen
approximately in the center of the
monitor.
Measurement head moves back and
forth when the roller is turned.
It moves up and down when trackball
is turned back and forth, and to right
and left when trackball is turned to
right and left.
3
VD:13.5
PD: – –
MANUAL
RIGHT
1:
VD:13.5
SPH
No. 00001
CYL
Have the examinee look at the eye fixation target
Have the examinee look at the red roof in the center of the scene shown.
– 19 –
AX
4.3 Measurement in MANUAL Mode
4
Check that the alignment ring is not covered by eyelashes
5
Perform alignment
Looking at the monitor, check that the inner alignment ring (see the illustration in step
5 below) is not covered by eyelashes. If they are covering the ring, instruct the examinee to keep his/her eye opened wide until measurement ends, or help them open the
eye wider by lifting up his/her upper eyelid lightly with your fingers.
! CAUTION
Be careful to avoid the measurement head hitting the
examinee's face when moving it toward the examinee
during alignment in manual measurement.
Use the trackball to align the pupil and the inner alignment ring, and position the
corneal bright dots inside the inner alignment ring.
If you cannot see the dots clearly, turn the roller back and forth until you can do so.
PD: – –
MANUAL
VD:13.5
No. 00001
Outer alignment ring
Iris
Inner alignment ring
Pupil
RIGHT
1:
SPH
CYL
AX
Inner alignment ring
Corneal bright dots
– 20 –
4.3 Measurement in MANUAL Mode
6
Perform focusing
! CAUTION
Be careful to avoid the measurement head hitting the
examinee's face when moving it toward the examinee
during focusing in manual measurement.
Turn the roller back and forth to position the three bright dots vertically between the
vertical alignment marks.
Alignment mark
Three bright dots must
be aligned vertically.
Alignment mark
7
Measure the eye
After ensuring that the positioning
and focusing are as required, press the
START switch.
PD: – –
MANUAL
RIGHT
1:
VD:13.5
SPH
-0.37
CYL
-0.75
[Continuous manual
measurement]
PD: – –
VD:13.5
MANUAL (C)
When the START switch is pressed
for about two seconds, the display on
the monitor will change from
“MANUAL” to “MANUAL (C)”, and
measurement will be performed until
10 measurements are obtained.
Perform alignment again as required
after the measurement is started.
RIGHT
8:
9:
10:
[
SPH
-0.50
-0.50
-0.37
-0.50
CYL
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
No. 00001
AX
37
No. 00001
AX
36
36
37
36
]
Measurement can be cancelled by touching any switch other than roller or trackball
during continuous measurement.
– 21 –
4.3 Measurement in MANUAL Mode
8
Measure the other eye
Press the R/L switch to move the
measurement head to the other side.
Measure the left eye in the same way
as measuring the right eye.
PD: 67
MANUAL
LEFT
8:
9:
10:
[
9
VD:13.5
SPH
-0.62
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
CYL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
No. 00001
AX
180
180
180
180
]
Print/transfer the result
Press the PRINT switch.
NOTES: 1. Results will be deleted from memory at the measurement after printing/
transfer is performed.
2. It is recommended that a hard copy of the printout be made if you wish to
store it for a long time, because printouts on thermal paper are apt to
deteriorate.
– 22 –
5. Measurements Stored in Memory [DISPLAY Mode]
In DISPLAY mode, you can see the results (maximum of 10 data for each eye) of measurements stored in memory.
Press DISP switch in order to enter DISPLAY mode.
Press it again to go out.
– DISPLAY MODE –
RIGHT
Results of
refractometry
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Standard value
PD: 67
SPH
–0.37
–0.50
–0.50
CYL
–0.75
–0.75
–0.75
[ –0.50
–0.75
LEFT
AX
37
36
36
36 ] [
END
SORT
VD
–––
–––
–––
VD: 13.5
No. 00001
CYL
AX
0.00
180
0.00
180
0.00
180
SPH
–0.62
–0.75
–0.75
–0.75
0.00
180 ]
PRINT
CLEAR
–––
–––
–––
–––
–––
[How to change the order of refraction]
Press IOL switch.
The order of data will change starting from larger number of SPH with + sign (i.e. from
stronger hyperopia) and ending with larger number with - sign (i.e. stronger myopia).
Press IOL switch again in order to return to the original order.
[[How to change vertex distance]
Press VD switch.
[[How to print the data in the condition displayed]
Press PRINT switch.
[How to delete all data]
NOTE: When data are deleted from DISPLAY Mode, they will also be deleted from
the measurement mode.
Press R/L switch. Confirmation meassage will appear.
Press START switch to delete, or PRINT switch to cancel.
– 23 –
6. Various Settings [SET Mode]
Various settings concerning measurement, printing and data transfer can be performed in the
SET mode.
There are three pages in the SET mode.
• Page 1/3: Display to set items concerning measurement.
• Page 2/3: Display to set items concerning printing and transfer.
• Page 3/3: Display to enter message to be printed with the R-F10 printer.
Settings are stored and remain even after power is turned OFF.
How to Enter SET Mode
1
Enter SET mode
2
To change the page
3
In measurement mode, press SET switch.
To display the next page, press AUTO switch.
To display the previous page, press MANU. switch.
To go out of SET mode
Press SET switch. You will return to the measurement mode immediately before
entering the SET mode.
– 24 –
6.1 Settings for Measurement (Page: 1/3)
6.1 Settings for Measurement (Page: 1/3)
– SET MODE –
PAGE: 1/3
VD
CYL
INC
:
:
:
12.0
–
0.12
13.5
+
0.25
COUNT
[No.]
:
:
ON
= 00001
OFF
RESET
DATE
ORDER
:
:
25/SEP/2001 14:50
YMD
MDY
AUTO MEASURE
R–L MEASURE
AUTO PRINT
–––
END
:
:
:
+/–
DMY
1
ON
ON
3
OFF
OFF
←
→
–––
PAGE–
PAGE+
–––
–––
–––
↓
5
–––
→
6.1.1 Basic Operation
[How to Select the Item]
Turn the roller to select the item to be changed.
The selected item will be displayed in reverse image.
[How to Change the Setting]
Press either IOL switch, VD switch, START switch or PRINT switch.
The selected setting will be highlighted.
NOTE: Some settings must be changed in a different ways. The procedure for changing
those settings will be indicated under the explanation of each item.
6.1.2 Items
VD
Vertex distance “12.0, 13.5”
Each time VD switch is pressed in measurement mode and DISPLAY
mode, vertex distance selected here and 0.0 mm will switch over on
the display, and the result will be converted accordingly.
CYL
Cylinder form “–, +, +/-”
– 25 –
6.1 Settings for Measurement (Page: 1/3)
INC
Increment of sphere and cylinder “0.12, 0.25”
COUNT
Whether to display and print the serial number
“ON”: Serial number will be displayed on the monitor and printed
with the result. It counts up at the measurement after the
print.
“OFF”: Serial number will neither be displayed nor printed.
[No.]
“5-digit number”: Serial number
[How to change the number]
(1) Turn the roller, or press IOL switch or VD switch to select the
digit. The number of the selected digit will be displayed in
reverse image.
(2) The number increases when PRINT switch is pressed, and decreases when START switch is pressed.
“RESET”: Resets serial number to “00001”.
[How to reset]
(1) Turn the roller, or press IOL switch or VD switch to select “RESET”.
(2) Press START switch or PRINT switch.
DATE
Date and time
“01” – “31”:
“JAN” – “DEC”:
“2000” – “2099”:
“00” – “23”:
“00” – “59”:
Day
Month (When “YMD” is selected for “ORDER”
below, month will be displayed in numbers “1”
– “12”)
Year
Hour
Minutes
[How to change the setting]
(1) Select the item by turning roller, or by pressing IOL switch or VD
switch.
(2) Number increases when PRINT switch is pressed, and decreases
when START switch is pressed.
ORDER
Order of displaying the date
“YMD”: Year, month, day
“MDY”: Month, day, year
“DMY”: Day, month, year
AUTO MEASURE
The number of continuous measurements “1 / 3 / 5”
R–L MEASURE
Whether to make a series of measurements on both eyes automatically
“ON”: Left eye will automatically be measured after measuring the
right eye.
– 26 –
6.1 Settings for Measurement (Page: 1/3)
“OFF”: Only one eye will be measured. When this is selected,
printing must be done by pressing the PRINT switch.
When you change the setting from “ON” to “OFF” when
“AUTO PRINT” is set to “ON”, a message “AUTO PRINT
WILL BE OFF” will be displayed and “AUTO PRINT” will
automatically change to “OFF”.
AUTO PRINT
Whether to automatically have the results of measuring both eyes
printed out when “R–L MEASURE” is set to “ON”
“ON”: Results will be printed out automatically.
“OFF”: PRINT switch must be pressed to print out the results. When
“R–L MEASURE” is set to “OFF”, “AUTO PRINT” will also
be set to “OFF”.
Press AUTO switch to proceed page 2/3.
Press MANU. switch to return to page 3/3.
Press SET switch to return to measurement mode.
– 27 –
6.2 Settings for Printing and Transfer (Page: 2/3)
6.2 Settings for Printing and Transfer (Page: 2/3)
– SET MODE –
PAGE: 2/3
PRINT
[FMT]
[MSG]
[EYE]
[ECO]
:
:
:
:
:
ON
STD
ON
ON
ON
OFF
MEM
OFF
OFF
OFF
TRANS
[FMT]
[BAU]
:
:
:
ON
1
9600.8N1
OFF
JIS
LATIN-1
CHARACTER:
–––
END
←
→
PAGE–
PAGE+
–––
–––
–––
AUTO
OFF
OFF
–––
–––
→
↓
6.2.1 Basic Operation
[How to Select the Item]
Turn the roller to select the item to be changed.
The selected item will be displayed in reverse image.
[How to Change the Setting]
Press either IOL switch, VD switch, START switch or PRINT switch.
The selected setting will be displayed in reverse image.
NOTE: Some settings must be changed in a different ways. The procedure for changing
those settings will be indicated under the explanation of each item.
– 28 –
6.2 Settings for Printing and Transfer (Page: 2/3)
6.2.2 Items
PRINT
Whether to print the result
“ON”: Results are printed with the internal printer of the R-F10.
“OFF”: Not printed.
[FMT]
Results of refractometry to be printed out.
Regardless of whether “STD” or “AUTO” is selected, data for “MEM”
will be printed when PRINT switch is pressed for more than 2 seconds, or when measurements vary widely and the reliability of any
one of the measurements is low when “AUTO PRINT” is “ON”.
Standard values
“STD”:
“MEM”:
10 newest measurements and a standard value for each
eye in memory
“AUTO”: In case of small dispersion of the data, the standard value
is printed. Otherwise, the standard value and all data are
printed.
[MSG]
Whether to print the messages entered in section 6.3
“ON”: Messages are printed.
“OFF”: Not printed.
[EYE]
Whether to print a sketch of eyeball and refraction diagram according
to the results of refractometry
“ON”: A sketch of eyeball and refraction diagram are printed.
“OFF”: Not printed.
[ECO]
Reduction of printout
“ON”: The size of printout will be reduced.
“OFF”: Non-reduction
[How to change the setting]
Press either START switch or PRINT switch.
TRANS
Whether to transfer the measurement data to external instrument or
not
NOTE: Please contact Canon representative or distributor when
connecting external instrument to the R-F10.
“ON”:
“OFF”:
Data is output in RS232C interface. Data that can be output
are: results of refractometry, pupil distance and measurement date.
For no transfer.
– 29 –
6.2 Settings for Printing and Transfer (Page: 2/3)
[FMT]
Transfer format
NOTE: For details concerning format, please contact Canon
representative or distributor.
[How to change the setting]
Press either START switch or PRINT switch.
[BAU]
RS232C data transfer speed and data format
9600.8N1
9600:
8:
N:
1:
Transfer speed “300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200”
Transfer bit “7, 8”
Parity “E, O, N”
Stop bit “1, 2”
[How to change the setting]
(1) Turn the roller or press IOL switch or VD switch to select transfer
speed or transfer format.
(2) Press either START switch or PRINT switch to change the setting.
CHARACTER
The type of characters displayed for entering message on page 3/3 can
be selected.
“JIS”:
Japanese characters will be displayed.
“LATIN-1”: Characters such as with umlaut will be displayed. For
details, see the illustration of the monitor in section 6.3.
Press AUTO switch to proceed page 3/3.
Press MANU. switch to return to page 1/3.
Press SET switch to return to measurement mode.
– 30 –
6.3 Entering Message for Internal Printer (Page: 3/3)
6.3 Entering Message for Internal Printer (Page: 3/3)
Enter a message to be printed out with the result of measurement with the internal printer in
this display. You can enter messages in 18 characters × 4 lines.
Message is backed up by battery, and will be retained even if power is turned OFF.
– SET MODE –
PAGE: 3/3
PRINT MESSAGE
Position cursor
←→
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Character cursor
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
ÀÁÂÃÄÆÇÈÉÊËÌÍÎÏÑÒÓÔÖÙÚÛÜ
àáâãäæçèéêëìíîïñòóôöùúûüß
0123456789sp
!”#$%’()*+,–./:;<=>?@[]
CHAR CLEAR / LINE CLEAR / ALL CLEAR
Character list
Deletion message
–––
END
←
→
PAGE–
PAGE+
–––
INS
DEL
–––
LINE↓
PUT
6.3.1 About the Display
Position cursor:
Square in the message entering area is called a position cursor.
Input will be made at the place where the cursor is located.
Position cursor moves to left by pressing IOL switch, and to right by
pressing VD switch.
Character cursor:
Square in the character list or deletion message is called a character
cursor.
Character being selected with character cursor will be entered.
Or, deletion operation can be selected from the deletion message with
the character cursor.
Character cursor moves to right or left by turning the roller.
Character list:
A list of characters that can be entered is displayed here.
Line that includes the required character can be selected by pressing
PRINT switch. Character can be selected by turning the roller.
Deletion message:
For details, see section 6.3.4.
– 31 –
6.3 Entering Message for Internal Printer (Page: 3/3)
6.3.2 How to Enter the Characters
1
Move the position cursor to the required position
2
Select the required character
3
Enter the character
4
Enter the whole message
Press IOL switch or VD switch.
Press PRINT switch to select the line that includes the required character. Then, turn
the roller to select the character.
Press START switch.
Repeat the steps from 2 to 3 until the whole message is entered.
6.3.3 How to Insert
1
Move the position cursor to the required position
2
Insert a space
3
Press IOL switch or VD switch.
Press CHIN REST ↑ switch
A space of one character will be inserted at the place where the cursor was.
Enter the character
Repeat the steps 2 and 3 in section 6.3.2
– 32 –
6.3 Entering Message for Internal Printer (Page: 3/3)
6.3.4 How to Delete
In order to delete single character and shift all the characters on
the right-hand side to the left side by one space
1
Move the position cursor to the character to be deleted
2
Delete the character
Press IOL switch or VD switch.
Press CHIN REST ↓ switch.
In order to delete single character without shifting the remaining
characters
1
Move the position cursor to the character to be deleted
2
Select the line “CHAR CLEAR / LINE CLEAR / ALL CLEAR”
3
Select “CHAR CLEAR”
4
Delete the character
Press IOL switch or VD switch.
Press PRINT switch.
“CHAR CLEAR” is first selected. However, if you have changed the selection, turn the
roller until “CHAR CLEAR” is displayed in reverse image
Press START switch.
In order to delete a line
1
Move the position cursor to the line you wish to delete
Press IOL switch or VD switch.
– 33 –
6.3 Entering Message for Internal Printer (Page: 3/3)
2
Select the line “CHAR CLEAR / LINE CLEAR / ALL CLEAR”
Press PRINT switch.
3
Select “LINE CLEAR”
4
Delete the line
Turn the roller until “LINE CLEAR” is displayed in reverse image
Press START switch.
Following message will be displayed for confirmation:
“DELETE A LINE?”
If it is OK to delete the line, press START switch.
If you wish to cancel the deletion, press PRINT switch.
In order to delete the whole message
1
Select the line “CHAR CLEAR / LINE CLEAR / ALL CLEAR”
2
Select “ALL CLEAR”
3
Delete the whole message
Press PRINT switch.
Turn the roller until “ALL CLEAR” is displayed in reverse image.
Press START switch.
Following message will be displayed for confirmation:
“DELETE ALL DATA?”
If it is OK to delete the whole message, press START switch.
If you wish to cancel the deletion, press PRINT switch.
Press AUTO switch to return to page 1/3.
Press MANU. switch to return to page 2/3.
Press SET switch to return to measurement mode.
– 34 –
7. Daily Inspection and Maintenance
! CAUTION
For safety reasons, be sure to inspect the instrument daily before using
it.
7.1 Inspection
In order to ensure that the instrument is used safely and normally, please be sure to inspect
the instrument before use.
If any problem is found during the inspection, please take measures indicated in this chapter.
If problem still cannot be corrected, please contact Canon representative or distributor.
! WARNING
The instrument must be repaired by a qualified engineer only.
If it is not repaired properly, it may cause fire, electric shock, or
accident.
– 35 –
7.1 Inspection
7.1.1 Before Turning ON the Power
! WARNING
For safety reasons, be sure to turn OFF the power switch when
the following inspections are going to be performed.
Otherwise, it may result in electric shock.
! WARNING
Clean the plug of the power cable periodically by unplugging it
from the AC outlet and removing dust or dirt from the plug, its
periphery and AC outlet with a dry cloth.
If the cable is kept plugged in for a long time in a dusty, humid
or sooty place, dust around the plug will attract moisture, and
this could cause insulation failure which could result in a fire.
It is recommended that a record of the inspection be kept by copying this and the next page,
or making a separate check list.
Result
Inspection
Power
supply
cable
Remedy
Date
/
Date
/
Date
/
Check that the power
cable is not damaged or
cover of cable is not torn.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Contact Canon or
distributor if there is any
problem.
Check that the power
cable is inserted fully into
the connector on the
instrument and into the
AC receptacle.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Fully insert the cable.
Check that the cover or
parts are not damaged
and not loose.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Contact Canon or
distributor if there is any
problem.
Clean the protective glass
in the measurement
window.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
See section 7.3.1.
Disinfect the forehead
rest.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
See section 7.3.2.
Check that there are
enough sheets of chin rest
paper on the chin rest.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Obtain paper if not
enough.
See section 7.4.1.
Check that there is
enough printing paper left.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
If not, replace the roll of
paper.
See section 7.4.2.
Check that the monitor is
clean.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Clean the monitor.
See section 7.3.3.
Main unit
– 36 –
7.1 Inspection
7.1.2 After Turning ON the Power
Result
Inspection
Remedy
Date
/
Date
/
Date
/
Check that the READY
lamp lights and
measurement display on
the monitor is normal.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Contact Canon or
distributor if there is any
problem.
Check that the chin rest
moves up and down
smoothly when CHIN
REST switches are
pressed.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Contact Canon or
distributor if there is any
problem.
Check that the
measurement head
moves up and down, right
and left when the trackball
is turned.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Contact Canon or
distributor if there is any
problem.
Check that the
measurement head
moves back and forth
when the roller is turned.
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Good / Bad
Contact Canon or
distributor if there is any
problem.
Main unit
– 37 –
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person
Whenever a problem occurs or message appears on the monitor, take the countermeasures
indicated below according to the cause.
If function is still not restored, contact Canon representative or distributor.
7.2.1 If Problems Such as Following Occur
Problem
Cause
Remedy
Eyelid or eyelashes are covering
the pupil
Instruct the examinee to open the
eye wider, or lift up the eyelid lightly
with your fingers and measure
again.
Examinee's eye is not fixed. (Eye is
moving restlessly.)
Relax the examinee and have
him/her look at the eye fixation
target (red roof in the scene).
Examinee's eye is exposed to
external light.
Do not expose the examinee's eye
directly to bright artificial light or
sunlight.
Settings in the SET mode have
changed for no apparent reason.
When power is turned OFF and
then ON again, message "LOW
BATTERY" appears on the monitor.
Voltage of battery for data backup
is low.
Contact Canon or distributor for
replacement.
READY lamp blinks and nothing is
displayed on the monitor.
Power-saving system is functioning
because no operation has been
performed for over 3 minutes.
Press any switch.
Measurements vary widely.
– 38 –
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person
7.2.2 If Message Such as Following Appears on the Monitor
If message does not disappear even after taking the countermeasures indicated in this section, contact Canon representative or distributor.
In this case, please let us know the message that is displayed.
Message / Display
[1] EYE CANNOT BE FOUND
PRESS START SW AGAIN
During
automatic
alignment
[3] EYE CANNOT BE FOUND
TRY IN MANUAL MODE
Cause
Remedy
The position of examinee's
eye is off the automatic
alignment range.
Use the roller and trackball to
move the position of the
examinee's eye on the monitor
toward the center a little more
and press the START switch
again.
Examinee's eye is moving
restlessly.
Have the examinee look at the
eye fixation target (red roof in the
scene). If the eye is moving due
to causes such as nystagmus,
perform compulsory
measurement during automatic
alignment or continuous manual
measurement. (See section 4.2)
The pupil is obscured by
eyelid or eyelashes.
Instruct the examinee to keep
his/her eye open wide or help
them open the eye widely by
lifting up the upper eyelid lightly
with your fingers. Then, press
START switch again.
Effect of light reflected from
the surface of IOL, etc.
Display the bright dots near the
center using trackball and roller.
Then, press the START switch
again.
Problem in surface of
exmainee's cornea.
Perform compulsory
measurement during automatic
alignment or perform continuous
manual measurement. (See
section 4.2)
Effect of artificial light or
sunlight reflected from the
examinee's eye.
Do not expose the examinee's
eye directly to bright artificial light
or sunlight.
Automatic alignment could not
be performed again although
START switch was pressed
after message [1].
Perform continuous manual
measurement. (See section 4.2)
– 39 –
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person
During
automatic
alignment
Message / Display
Cause
[10] CANCELLED BY USER
Alignment has been cancelled
because the examiner has
touched one of the switches
other than the START switch,
or has touched the trackball
or roller.
Measure again as required.
[20] LEFT
([21] RIGHT / [22] FRONT /
[23] BACK / [24] UPPER /
[25] LOWER) LIMIT
CHECK POSITION OF FACE
The measurement head has
reached the mechanical limit
during alignment.
Check the height of the chin rest
and ensure that the examinee's
face is properly positioned. Then,
press the START switch again.
Movement of measurement
head has been interrupted.
Do not interrupt the movement of
the measurement head such as
by holding it. Press any switch to
reset the measurement head.
MOTOR ERROR 1 (2 / 3)
PRESS ANY SWITCH TO RESET
MEAS
-----
Measurement error has
occurred twice successively
during automatic
measurement due to eyelid or
eyelashes covering the pupil.
Instruct the examinee to keep
his/her eye open wide, or help
them open the eye widely by
lifting up the upper eyelid lightly
with your fingers, and press the
START switch again.
Measurement error has
occurred twice successively
during automatic
measurement because part of
the pupil is opaque or there is
a problem in surface of
cornea.
Perform continuous manual
measurement. (See section 4.2)
[4] MEASUREMENT ERROR
TRY IN MANUAL MODE
Automatic measurement
which was performed again
after message [2] has failed.
Perform continuous manual
measurement . (See section 4.2)
[11] STOPPED BY USER
The movement of
measurement head has been
cancelled because the
exmainer has lpressed one of
the switches when the
measurement head was
moving to the other side, or
during initialization.
Press R/L switch as required.
Continuous manual
measurement has been
cancelled because the
examiner has moved the
measurement head toward
the other eye during
measurement.
Measure again as required.
[2] MEASUREMENT ERROR
PRESS START SW AGAIN
During
measurement
Measurement is being
performed.
Remedy
[12] CANCELLED BY USER
– 40 –
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person
Message / Display
[13] CANCELLED BY USER
ERROR
Cause
Remedy
Continuous manual
measurement has been
cancelled because the
examiner has touched one of
the switches other than
trackball or roller.
Measure again as required.
Examinee has IOL implanted.
Measure with IOL switch turned
ON.
Examiner has strong irregular
astigmatism or corneal
d i se a se .
Measurement is not feasible.
Sum of sphere and cylinder of
examinee's eye is over +22D.
Measurement is not feasible.
Protective glass in the
measurement window is dirty.
Clean the glass. (See section
7.3.1)
Sum of SPH and CYL of
exmainee's eye is over -30D.
Measurement is not feasible.
Protective glass in the
measurement window is dirty.
Clean the glass. (See section
7.3.1)
Astigmatism is over 10D.
Measurement is not feasible.
Protective glass in the
measurement window is dirty.
Clean the glass. (See section
7.3.1)
+OUT
During
measurement
-OUT
C OUT
#
Examinee has irregular
astigmatism.
*
Reliability of measurement is
low.
Measure again.
↓
The reliability of the data is
lower than when * mark is
displayed.
When the reliability of all the
data is low, this mark will also
appear after the standard
value.
Perform continuous manual
measurement. (See section 4.2)
Printing has been cancelled
by pressing one of the
switches during printing.
Perform printing again as
requied.
Tehre is no measurement
data.
Print after measurement.
PRINT: OFF
PRINT is set to OFF in SET
mode.
Set PRINT fo ON as reuiqred.
PRINT: OFF / TRANS: OFF
Both PRINT and TRANS are
set to OFF in SET mode.
Set them to ON as required.
PRINTER LEVER IS DOWN
Printer lever is lowered.
Raise the lever.
PRINT CANCELLED
During
printing
with
internal
printer
NO PRINT DATA
– 41 –
-----
7.2 Before Calling a Service Person
Message / Display
During
printing
with
internal
printer
NO PRINT PAPER
There is no printing paper.
PRINTER TOO HOT
The printer head is too hot.
Remedy
Load a roll of printing paper.
Wair for about 5 minutes and try
again.
PRINTER TOO COLD
TRANSMITTING
TRANS COMPLETED
The printer head is too cold.
Data is being transmitted.
-----
Data transfer has been
completed.
-----
There is no measurement
data.
Transfer after performing
measurement.
Transmission has been
cancelled by pressing one of
the switches during transfer.
Transfer again as required.
RECEIVED BREAK CHARACTER
The instrument has received a
break character from the
external equipment.
Transfer again as required.
COMMUNICATION ERROR (401)
The connected equipment is
not ready yet.
Prepare the external equipment.
COMMUNICATION ERROR
(402) - (410)
Format set in SET mode and
that of the external equipment
do not match.
Change the settings as required.
Problem has occurred in the
instrument.
Press START switch to erase the
message. Although you can
continue the measurement for
time being, the data cannot be
backed up. Immediately as
Canon or distributor for
replacement of battery.
Voltage of the battery for data
backup is low.
Press START switch to erase the
message. Although you can
continue the measurement for the
time being, the data that are
backed up will be lost in time.
Immediately ask Canon or
distributor for replacement.
Problem has occurred in the
instrument.
Turn OFF the power switch and
turn it ON again after about 10
seconds.
NO TRANS DATA
During
transfer
Cause
TRANSMISSION CANCELLED
LOST BACKUP DATA
LOST DATE DATA
LOW BATTERY
Error in
the
system
SYSTEM ERROR (xxx)
ILLEGAL CODE ERROR
ILLEGAL SLOT ERROR
CPU ADDRESS ERROR
DMAC ADDRESS ERROR
* “xxx” indicates a three-digit number.
– 42 –
7.3 Cleaning and Disinfection
7.3 Cleaning and Disinfection
7.3.1 Protective Glass in Measurement Window
Clean the protective glass in the measurement window as indicated below when dust is on it,
or if it is stained.
1
Blow off dust
Remove the brush from the blower
brush and blow off the dust on the
protective glass.
NOTE: If the protective glass is wiped
when there is dust on it, the
surface will be scratched.
2
Wipe the protective glass
Wipe the protective glass lightly with
sterile gauze or non treated lens paper,
on which you can put some lens
cleaner. Please consult Canon representative or distributor about lens
cleaners that can be used.
Change the paper and wipe the lens
several times until there is no lens
cleaner left on the surface.
NOTE: Do not wipe the protective glass with disinfecting alcohol, lens cleaner for
glasses, or cleaning paper containing silicone as the surface may be damaged
or stained. Also, if the glass is soaked excessively with lens cleaner, the
surface will be stained.
– 43 –
7.3 Cleaning and Disinfection
7.3.2 Forehead Rest
! CAUTION
Wipe the forehead rest with ethanol or glutaraldehyde solution
to disinfect it each time a different examinee uses it, in order
to prevent infection.
Please contact a specialist for the procedure for disinfection.
If you are using disinfectant other than those specified above,
or if you are mixing another disinfectant with ethanol, please
also consult a specialist, because they may harm the forehead
rest.
7.3.3 Cover, Monitor and Roller
Clean the cover and monitor if they are dirty.
! WARNING
When the instrument is going to be cleaned, be sure to turn
OFF the power switch and unplug the power cable from the
AC outlet. Never use alcohol, benzine, thinner or any other
flammable cleaning agents. Otherwise, fire or electric shock
may result.
1
Turn OFF the power
2
Wipe the cover and monitor
Turn OFF the power switch and disconnect the power cable from AC receptacle.
(1) Wipe the cover and monitor with a piece of soft cloth soaked in neutral detergent
for plastics diluted in water and wrung dry.
(2) Wipe the cover with a piece of cloth soaked in water and wrung dry whenever
neutral detergent has been used.
– 44 –
7.3 Cleaning and Disinfection
7.3.4 Trackball
Clean the trackball if it does not rotate smoothly.
(1) Turn the trackball cover in counterclockwise direction to remove it.
NOTE: Trackball cover will be removed with the trackball. Be
careful not to hit or drop the
trackball cover when the
trackball is attached to it, as
the trackball will fall out easily.
Trackball cover
(2) Remove the trackball from the claws of the trackball cover.
(3) Wash the trackball in water.
(4) There are three rollers inside the aperture where the trackball was placed.
Wipe these rollers and the back of the trackball cover with a piece of cloth soaked in
water and wrung dry.
(5) After the trackball and other parts that have been wiped are dry, return the trackball to
the trackball cover.
(6) Return the trackball cover by aligning
the longer claw of the cover with the
arrow indicated on the edge of the
aperture.
NOTE: Cover will not fit into the hole
unless the longer claw is
properly aligned with the
arrow.
(7) Turn the trackball cover in clockwise
direction until it stops.
– 45 –
Longer claw
Arrow
7.4 Replacement
7.4 Replacement
Please refer to “7.5 Expendable Parts List” for ordering chin rest paper and printing paper.
7.4.1 Chin Rest Paper
NOTE: When chin rest paper is not going to be used, disinfect the chin rest in the same ways
as disinfecting the forehead rest each time the examinee changes.
1
Pull out the two pins on the chin rest
2
Insert the pins into the holes on the chin rest paper
3
Replace them in the chin rest
Maximum of 100 sheets of paper can be attached.
NOTE: Insert the pins straight into
the holes.
– 46 –
7.4 Replacement
7.4.2 Printing Paper
Replace the roll of printing paper as soon as possible after the red line appears on the paper.
1
Open the printer cover
2
Lower the lever
3
Remove the old roll of paper
4
Insert the shaft into a new roll
Cut off the paper that has been fed
through the printer and pull it out.
Pull the top part toward you.
Lower the lever on the right hand side.
Remove the old roll of paper together with the shaft and take the shaft out
of the roll
– 47 –
7.4 Replacement
5
Load the roll of paper
Load the roll of paper into the printer
as illustrated.
NOTE: Be sure to check that the
direction of roll is the same as
shown in the illustration.
6
Raise the lever
7
Turn ON the power
8
Insert the end of paper into the slot
9
Turn ON the power of the R-F10.
Insert the end of paper into the slot in
the printer.
The paper will automatically come out
If the power is ON, the end of paper
will automatically come out from the
slot in the front.
– 48 –
7.5 Expendable Parts List
NOTES: 1. If the edge of paper is creased, it may not feed through printer properly. In this
case, pull out the paper, neatly cut off the end of paper and reload.
2. If the paper is fed through the printer aslant, it may cause paper jam. Lower the
lever and straighten the paper. Then, raise the lever again.
10
Close the cover
! CAUTION
Do not touch the cutter for the printing paper.
Otherwise, fingers may be cut.
Pull out the edge of paper from the
printer cover slot and close the
cover.
7.5 Expendable Parts List
Please contact Canon representative or distributor for purchasing the following parts:
Name
Chin rest paper
Printing paper
Reference Number
Note
BA3-0151
500 sheets/set
BH4-8143
Thermal printing paper. 10 rolls/set.
(Width: 58 mm, Length: 30 m, Outside
diameter of the roll: 52 mm, Inside diameter of
the core: 12 mm)
– 49 –
8. Installation
8.1 Installation
! WARNING
Only operate the instrument with the type of power supply
indicated on the rating plate. Otherwise, it may result in fire or
electric shock.
! WARNING
Be sure to disconnect/connect the cables as indicated in this
manual. The unit weighs 21 kg, so bear in mind that it may tip
over if proper care is not taken. Also, do not handle the cables
with wet hands. Otherwise, you may get an electric shock that
may result in death or serious injury.
! CAUTION
This instrument is shipped with a grounding type (three-core)
power cable. To reduce the risk of electric shock, always plug
the cable into a grounded power outlet.
NOTES:
1. Do not install the instrument in a location with the conditions listed on page
(2).
2. Do not remove the cover for the RS232C connector on the bottom of the RF10. Please contact Canon representative or distributor when connecting any
instrument.
1
Turn OFF the power switch
2
Expose the bottom of the instrument
Lay the instrument on its side on a
table as illustrated so the bottom can
be seen.
NOTES:
1. The measurement head is positioned at the center when the instrument is
shipped from Canon. However, if it is positioned either on the right or left side,
lay the instrument on the side opposite the side from which the measurement
head is protruding. Otherwise, the measurement head will be damaged.
– 50 –
8.1 Installation
2. Do not lay the instrument on its side with the power turned ON. Otherwise, the
instrument may malfunction.
3
Connect the power supply cable to the instrument
4
Set up the instrument
5
Connect the power supply cable to an AC outlet
6
Place the chin rest paper on the chin rest
7
Load the printing paper into the printer
8
Customize the settings as required
9
If you are using external equipment
Hold the instrument firmly with your hand and securely connect the power supply
cable to the power supply connector on the bottom of the instrument (→ section 3.2).
→ Section 7.4.1
→ Section 7.4.2
Change the order of measurement modes and the settings concerning the measurement
as required (→ chapter 6).
Please contact Canon representative or distributor.
– 51 –
8.2 Precauations when Moving the Instrument
8.2 Precautions when Moving the Instrument
! WARNING
When the instrument is going to be moved, be sure to move
the measurement head to the center, turn OFF the power
switch, unplug the power cable from the AC outlet, and
disconnect other cables. Otherwise, the cable may be
damaged, which may result in fire or electric shock.
Also, when the instrument is going to be carried, support the
bottom of the instrument and hold it horizontally.
Do not hold it by the face rest or other parts as they may come
off, resulting in injury.
! WARNING
Do not hit or drop the instrument. The instrument may be
damaged if it receives a strong jolt, which may result in fire or
electric shock if the instrument is used without it being
repaired.
NOTE: When the instrument is going to be transported by automobile, etc., it must be
protected against vibration and shocks. Contact Canon representative or distributor for advice on the procedure for packing it.
1
Move the measurement head to the center
Turn ON the power while pressing the START switch. Release the START switch
when you hear a beeping sound.
2
Turn OFF the power
3
Disconnect the cables
4
Carrying the instrument
Turn OFF the power switch.
Lay the instrument in the same position as when connecting the power cable (→
section 8.1). After disconnecting all the cables, set the instrument upright again.
Support the instrument by holding the sides at the base.
– 52 –
9. Service Information
Repair
If problem cannot be solved even after taking the measures indicated in sections 7.1 and 7.2,
contact Canon representative or distributor for repair.
Please refer to the rating plate and let us have the following information:
Name of the instrument: R-F10
Body number: 6-digit number indicated on the rating plate.
Phenomenon: In detail.
Limit for Supplying Performance Parts for Repair
Performance parts* of this product will be stocked for eight years after discontinuation of
production, to allow for repair.
* Parts required to maintain the functioning of the product.
Expendable Parts Replaced by Service Person
Following parts are apt to become worn out or to deteriorate due to the characteristics of the
material or structure.
These parts cannot be replaced by the user.
If these parts are found to be worn out or to have deteriorated during daily inspection or use,
contact Canon representative or distributor for repair.
• Lamp for illuminating eye fixation target
• Backup batteries for the clock and data
• Cathode-ray tube in the monitor
Disposal of the Instrument
! CAUTION
This instrument incorporates a lithium battery, which may
pollute the environment if the instrument is abandoned.
Please ask a professional waste disposal company to handle
disposal, or contact Canon representative or distributor before
disposing of the instrument.
– 53 –
10. Specifications
Purpose:
Measurement of refractive power of human
eye
Measurement:
Vertex distance
Measurable range
Sphere power
0, 12, 13.5 mm
-30.00 to +22.00 D (at vertex distance of 12
mm) (Increments selectable between 0.12
and 0.25 D)
0.00 to ±10.00 D (Increments selectable
between 0.12 and 0.25 D)
1 to 180° (Increments: 1°)
Max. 85 mm (Increments: 1 mm)
+, –, +/2.5 mm diameter
Cylinder power
Axis
Pupil distance
Cylinder form
Pupil size required
Internal printer:
Uses thermal line printer.
Data output:
In conformity with RS232C
Monitor:
5-inch monochrome monitor
Environmental requirements:
Operation
Temperature: 10 to 40 °C
Humidity: 30 to 85 %RH
Temperature: -10 to 55 °C
Humidity: 10 to 95 %RH
Atmospheric pressure: 700 to 1060 hPa
Storage and Transportation
Power supply:
100 – 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 0.8 – 0.4 A
Power consumption:
80 VA
Dimensions:
280 (W) x 520 (L) x 470 (H) mm
Mass:
Approximately 21 kg
NOTE: According to the International System of Units, 1 D is 1 m-1.
– 54 –
11. Components
R-F10 main unit ........................................................... 1
Power supply cable ...................................................... 1
Chin rest paper ............................................................. 100 sheets
Printing paper ............................................................... 2 rolls
Dust cover .................................................................... 1
Blower brush ................................................................ 1
Optional Accessories
Chin rest paper (500 sheets)
Printing paper (10 rolls)
Motorized table CO-MT
– 55 –
This page has been left intentionally blank.
– 56 –
Blank Page
CANON INC. Medical Equipment Group
20-2 Kiyohara-Kogyodanchi, Utsunomiyashi, Tochigiken, Japan
Telephone: (81)-28-667-5711
CANON MEDICAL SYSTEMS Eye Care Systems Department
15955 Alton Parkway, Irvine, CA 92618, U.S.A.
Telephone: (1)-949-753-4162
CANON EUROPA N.V. Medical Products Division
Bovenkerkerweg 59-61, P. O. Box 2262, 1180 EG Amstelveen, The Netherlands
Telephone: (31)-20-545-8926
CANON SINGAPORE PTE. LTD. Medical Equipment Department
1 Harbour Front Avenue, #04-01 Keppel Bay Tower, Singapore 098632
Telephone: (65)-6799-8888
CANON AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD. Optical Products Division
1 Thomas Holt Drive, North Ryde, Sydney, N. S. W. 2113, Australia
Telephone: (61)-2-9805-2000
PUB. L-IE-5115L
0000P0.000
Printed in Japan