Chevrolet 1996 Tahoe Owner`s manual

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The 1996 Chevrolet Tahoe and Suburban Owner’s Manual
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Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains the“SIR’ system.
FeaturesandControls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tellsyou how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad
Here you’ll find helpful infomation and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad
This section tells you what to
do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated
engine, etc.
Service and Appearance Care
.’.
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule.....................
This section tells you whento perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
CustomerAssistanceInformation
This section tells you howto contact Chevrolet for assistance ahd how to get service and owner
publications. It also gives you, information on “Reporting Safety Defects’’ on page
8-8.
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subjectin this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
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2-1
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem, the name
TAHOE and the name SUBURBAN areregistered
trademarks ofGenera1 MotorsCorporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitutethe name
“General .Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leavethis manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
C9609 €3 First Edition
ii
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux proprigtaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en franGais chez
votre’concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T IC7
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1995
All Rights Reserved
About Driving Your Vehicle
Safety Warnings and Symbols
As with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate this
vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident. Be sure to read the “on-pavement” and
“off-road” driving guidelines in this manual. (See
“Driving Guidelines” and “Off-Road Driving with your
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicle’’ in the Index.)
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
How.toUse this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If .you
do this, it will help you learn about thefeatures and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Index
IA
CAUTION:
These mean there is something thatcould hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others couldbe hurt.
A good place to look for what you need is the Index
in the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of
all that’s in the manual, and the page number where
you’ll find it.
1
iii
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
thisbook.This safety
symbolmeans “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this,” or “Don’t
let thishappen.”
In the notice area, we tellyou about something that can
damageyour vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty,and it couldbecostly.
But the notice will tell youwhat to do to help avoid
thedamage.
When you read other manuals, youpmightsee
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or
in different words.
You’ll also seewarning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, inthis book you will find thesenotices:
I NOTICE:
These mean thereis something that could
damage your vehicle.
iv
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
TURN
SIGNALS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
COOLANT
TEMP
ee
A
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
,\I/,
FOG LAMPS
0
$0
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
FUSE
LIGHTER
(0)
HORN
BRAKE
-.
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
--
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
COOLANT
DAYTIME e
RUNNING * '
LAMPS ' * *
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
a*
-d
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
a
SPEAKER
w,
(a)
FUEL
t
n
)tr
b
p3
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,Model Reference
This manual covers these models:
4-DOOr Utility
2-Door Utility
Suburban
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats inyour
vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You
can also learn about some things you should nut do with
air bags and safety belts.
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them and fold them up and down. It also tells you about
reclining front seatbacks and head restraints.
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Manual Front Seat
c
A CAUTION:
m
You can lose control of the vehicle if you to
try
is
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
moving. The sudden movement could
startle and
confuse you,or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s
seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1-1
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If your vehicle has a manual
bucket, split bench or full
bench seat, you can adjust it
with this lever at the front
of the seat.
Slide the leverat the front of the seat toward the
passenger’s sideto unlock it. Using your body, slide the
seat to where you want it. Then, releasethe lever and try
to move theseat with your body, to make surethe seat is
locked in place.
1-2
Power Driver’s Seat (Option)
If your vehicle has a power seat on the driver’s side, you
can adjust it with these controls at the outside edge of
the seat.
You can use the round center knob to move the seat
where you wantit. To raise the seat,move the knob up.
To lower the seat, move the knob down. To move the
seat forward, move the knob toward the front of the
vehicle. To move the seat rearward, move the knob
toward the rear of thevehicle.
You can also raise and lower the front and rear of the
seat. To raise the front of the seat,move the'.front
lever up. To lower the front of the seat, move the front
lever down. To raise the rear of the seat, move the rear
lever up. To lower the rear of the seat, move the rear
lever down.
Power Lumbar Adjustment
If you have power lumbar
adjustment, you can
increase or decrease lumbar
support in anarea of the
lower seatback.
To increase support, press and hold the frontof the
rocker switch. Letgo of the switch when the lower
seatback reaches the desired level of support.
To decrease support, press and hold the rear of the
rocker switch. Let go of the switch when the lower
seatback reaches the desired level of support.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift
the front of this lever.
Release the lever tolock the seatback where you want it.
Pull up on the front of,the lever and the seatback will go
to an upright position.
1-4
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Head Restraints
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Sitting’in areclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do theirjob when
you’re reclined likethis.
The shoulder belt‘can’t do
its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in
front of you. In a crashyou could go into it,
receiving neck or otherinjuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would bethere, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For properprotection when the vehicle is in
motion, havethe seatback upright. Then sit
well back in theseat and wear yoursafety
belt properly.
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Seatback Latches (2-Door Utility)
The front seatback folds forward to let you access the
rear of the vehicle.
To fold a seatback forward,
pull this lever forward and
fold the seatback forward.
1-5
To return the seatback to the upright position, just push
the seatbackrearward until it latches.
After returning the seatback to its upright position, pull
the seatback forward to make sure it islocked.
A CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a suddenstop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback
to be sure it
is locked.
Easy Entry Seat(2-Door Utility)
The driver and passenger front bucket seat
and the
60/40 split bench seatof your vehicle has an easy entry
feature. This makes it easyto get in and outof the
rear seat.
To operate the seat, pull
forward on the top of the
lever, located at the side of
the seatback, and tilt the
back forward toward the
front of the vehicle.
When you do, the seat bottom will release. Just pull or
push the seat forwarduntil it stops.
To return the seat to its regular position, return the
seatback to its upright position, then push the whole seat
rearward until it latches.
1-6
After returning the seat to itsregular position, try to
move the seat with your body, to.make surethe seat is
locked into place.
A
b,CAUTION:
Rear Seats
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If any easy entry seat isn’t locked, it canmove. In
a sudden stopor crash, the person sitting there
could beinjured. And, evenif there is no crash or
sudden stop, a driver,sitting inan unlocked easy
entry seatcould bestartled by the sudden
movement and hit the wrong control or pedal,
causing an accident. After you’ve used it, be sure
to push rearward on any easy entry seat tobe
sure it is locked.
If a head restraintis not installedon.the seatback
or stored in the vehicle properly, it could be
thrown about thevehicle in a crashor sudden
maneuver. People in the vehicle could be injured.
Remove the head restraintsonly when you need
to fold the seat,and be sure that the head
restraints are storedsecurely in the storage bag
and placed under the rearseat. When the seatis
returned to the passenger
position, be sure the
head restraints are installed properly.
L
1-7
Folding the Rear Seat(2-Door Utility Model)
If your vehicle has a rear seat, the seat can be folded flat
for more cargo space. Before.folding, make sure
nothing
is under or in front of the seat. When the seat is folded,
it will lay almost flat on the floor.
When folding the seat, first
remove the head restraints.
Push the release button at
the top of the seat back and
slide the head restraint out
of the height adjust tubes.
To fold the seat, pull on the' release handle at the bottom
of the seat cushion marked RELEASE.
Detach the stowage bag fromthe back of the rear seat.
Then, putthe head restraints in the stowage bag and
place the bagin the rear seat foot well, under the seat.
1-8
Folding the Rear Seat(4-Door Utility Model)
If your vehicle has a 60/40 rear seat, either side may be
folded down to give you more cargo space.
Before folding, place the latch plate portion of the center
safety belt in the center arm rest. That way, the center
safety belt will be out of the way when the seat isfolded
and also will be easily available for passengers to use
when the seat is returned to the passenger position. Also,
make sure that nothing is under or in front of the seat.
When the seat is folded, it will lay flat on the floor.
When you release the seat cushion, the seatback is
automatically released. Pull the loop on the seatback
forward and fold the seatback onto the seat cushion.
While the seat is in the folded position, hang the latch
plate end of the outer passenger position safety belts on the
hooks at the top of each retractor cover, outof the way.
To return the seat to the passenger position, just lift up
on the seatback and push it rearward until it latches.
After returning the seatto the passenger position, pull
forward on the seatback to make sure it is locked in
place. Also, return the safety belts and head restraints to
their original positions, so they will be available for rear
seat passengers to use.
First, remove the head
restraints. Push the release
buttons at the bottom of
each head restraint height
adiust Dost and slide the
head restraint out of the
height adjust tubes.
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Set the head restraints aside for now. You will stow
them in their proper position after you are donefolding
the seat.
1-9
To fold the seat, pull up on
the strap loop at therear of
the seat cushion.
Then, pull theseat cushion
up and foldit forward.
To return the seat tothe passenger position, first remove
the head restraints by sliding them out of the seat
cushion. Liftthe seatback up and push rearwardall
the way. Then, lower the seat cushion until it latches
in position.
After returning the seat to the passenger position, return
the head restraints to the top of each seatback. Pull
forward on the seatback and up on the seat cushion to
make surethe seat is securely in place.
After folding the seat cushionfully forward, pull the
seatback forward and fold the seatback downuntil
it is flat.
Then, stow the head
restraints by sliding them
into the rear of the seatback.
Make sure the posts go in
all the way.
1-10
If the latch plate portion of the center safety belt was put
in the center armrest when the seat was folded, take the
latch plate portion out and place it on the seat. That way,
the center seat position safety belt will beavailable for
the center rearseat passenger to use.
Folding Second Seat (Suburban)
If your vehicle has a 60140 second seat, either sidemay
be folded down to give you more cargo space.
Before folding, push the buckle portion of the safety belt
down into the seat cushion pockets, out of the way.
Also, make sure that nothing is under or in frontof the
seat. When the seat is folded, it will lay flat on the floor.
First, remove the head
restraints. Push the release
button at the top of the
seatback and slide the head
restraint out of the height
To fold the seat, pull up on
the strap loop at the rear
outer edge of the seat
cushion. Then, pull the seat
cushion up.
After folding the seat cushion fully forward, push down
on the lever at the side of the seatback and fold the
seatback forward until it is flat.
Then, stow thehead
restraints by sliding them
into the rear of the seatback.
Make sure the posts go in
all the way.
Set the head restraints aside fornow. You will stow
them in their proper position after you are done folding
the seat;
1-11
To create a load floor,
release the panels from the
seatback by pushing
rearward on the latch and
fold them out to coverthe
rear seat footwell.
To return the seat to the passenger position, lift the load
floor panels and latch them into the seatback.
Then, liftthe seatback up and push rearward until it
latches. Return head restraints to their original position
and lowerthe seat cushion until it latches in position.
After returning the seat to the passenger position, pull
forward on the seatback and up on the seat cushion to
make sure the seat is locked in place. Also, pull the
safety beltbuckles out of the seat cushion pockets,so
they will be available forrear seat passengers to use.
1-12
A CAUTION:
A seat that isq’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop. People
in thevehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock
the seat into place properly when installing it.
r
A safety belt that is twisted or not properly
attached won’t provide the protection needed in a
crash. The personwearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After installing the seat, always
check to be sure thatthe safety belts are not ‘
twisted and areproperly attached.
Entry to theRear Seat (SuburbanSecondSeat)
The right side of the rear 60140 split folding bench seat,
available in the Suburban, has an easy entry feature. When
That makes it easy to get in and out of the third seat, if
you have one.
There is a foot operated
release lever for rearseat
passengers to use when
getting outof the third seat.
Tilt the seatbacktoward the front of thevehicleby
pulling the top of the seatback forward.
you do, the seat bottom will release. Just pull the
seat forward until it stops.
To release the easy entrysecond seat, lift up on the
top of the release lever with your foot. Push the top
of the seatback forwardand tilt it toward the front of
the vehicle.
To return the seat to its regular position, return the
seatback to its upright position, then push the whole seat
rearward until it latches.
After returning the seat to its regular position, try to
move the seat with your body, to make sure the seat is
locked into place.
To operate the seat, move the lever at the side of the
seat down.
1-13
Removing the Rear (Suburban Third Seat)
If your vehicle has a rear seat, it can be taken out for
more cargo space.
Then, hang the latch plate
end of the belt on the hook
at the top of the retractor
cover, out of the way.
Before removing the seat, unlatch the outside passenger
position safety belts from the seat frame.
To unlatch the safety belt,
press the tip 0f.a key into
the release hole of the
safety belt attachment
while pulling up on the
safety belt.
To remove the seat, fully open the rear load doors and
enter the back of the vehicle.
Move theseatback release
lever, at the right rear of the
seat, toward the center of
the vehicle.
Then, fold the seatback forward intothe seat cushion.
To unlatch the seat from the
floor, pull up on the center
release handle at the rear of
the seat and lift the rear of
the seat up, off of the floor.
Turn the seat sideways and take it out of the vehicle.
1-15
Replacing the Rear Seat
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
To put the seat back in, hold the seat sideways and put it
into the vehicle. Turn the seat to the forward position
and set it down, with the latches at the bottom of the seat
over the hooksin the floor. Pull up on the center,release
handleand let the seat drop into place. Release the
handle to let the seat latch close and make sure it locks
into place. Then,move the seatback release leverat the
right rear of the seat toward the center of the vehicle and
raise the seatback.
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
After returning the seatbackto the upright position, push
the seatback forward tomake sure it is locked in place.
Then, return the outside passenger position safety belts
to the seat framebuckles, so they will be available for
rear seat passengers to use.
1-16
And it explainsthe Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
‘.(SIR),or air bag system.
Don’t let anyone ridewhere heor she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearinga safety belt,your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Alwaysfasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
Why Safety BeltsWork
When you ride in or on anything, you go asfast as
it goes.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash.If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckleup can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts theycould have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than25 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In mostcrashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-17
Put someone on it.
1-18
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument panel ...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
e=
A:
Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
my vehicle has air bags,why should I have to
Q: Ifwear
safety belts?
A:
or thesafety belts!
With safety belts, yorJ slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-20
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them, Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the useof
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
@
If I’m a good driver,and I never drivefar from
home, why shouldI wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driveidoesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 krn)of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts- Properly
Adults
This part is only forpeople of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about safety
belts and children. And thereare different rules for smaller
children and babies. If a child will beriding your
vehicle, see thepart of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rulesfor everyone’s protection.
.in
First, you’ll want to knowwhich restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describesthe driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
.
.
1-21
1
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make surethe release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-22
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The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go
over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To move it down, push in at the word PRESS and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can move
the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder belt
guide. After you move the adjuster to where you want it,
try to move it down without pushing in to make sure it
has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portionof the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
1-23
Q."What's wrong with this?
I A CAUTION:
1
I
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose.It won't give nearly
as much protection thisway.
1-24
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You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you wouldmoveforward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against
your body.
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
4 You can be seriously injured if your beltis
buckled in the wrongplace like this. In a crash,
the beltwould go up over your abdomen.The
belt forces would be there, notat the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-25
&=
What's wrong,with this?
-
A CAUTION:
n
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes
over an armrest like this. The belt would be much
too high.In a crash,you can slide under the belt.
The belt forcewould then be applied at the
abdomen, notat the pelvic bones, and thatcould
cause seriousor fatal injuries.Be sure the belt
goes under the armrests.
A:' The belt is over an armrest.
1-26
Q.’ What’s wrong with
this?
You can beseriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. Ina crash, your
body would movetoo far forward, which would
increase the chanceof head andneck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder
bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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1-27
What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriousl, injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t.have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces. aIfbelt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly,or ask
your dealer tofix it.
~~
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-28
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) System
This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) system or air bag system.
Your vehicle has an air bag for
the driver.
Here are the most important things to know aboutthe air
3ag system:
A CAUTION:
-
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you
have an air bag. Wearing your safety beltduring a
crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. The air
bag is only a “supplemental restraint.”That is, it
works with safety beltsbut doesn’t replace them.
Air bags are designed to work only in moderate to
severe crashes wherethe front of your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designedto inflate at all in
rollover, rear, sideor low-speed frontal crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle, including the driver,
should wear a safety belt properly whether or
not there’s an air bag for that person.
--
To unlatch the belt, just push thebutton on thebuckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure thebelt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage boththe
belt and your vehicle.
--
1-2.9
A CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, itcould seriously injure you. Safety belts
help keepyou in position for an airbag inflation
in a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even
with an air bag, and sitas farback as you can
while still maintaining controlof your vehicle.
~
1-30
AIR
BAG
I
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows AIR BAG.
The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
How the Air Bag System Works
A CAUTION:
Don’t put anythingon, or attach anythingto, the
steering wheel. Also, don’t put anything (such as
pets or objects) between the driver and the
steering wheel. If something is between an
occupant and an air
bag, it could affect the
performance of the air bag or worse, it could
cause injury.
--
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-31
When shouldan air bag inflate?
What makes an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The air bagwill inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goesstraight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,so that
it canbe somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts, because inflationwould not
help the occupant. .
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity,
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is
suddenly stopping asa result of a crash. The sensing
system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and
related hardware areall part of the air bag module
packed inside the steering wheel.
In any particular crash, no one cansay whether an air
bag should have inflated simply becauseof the damage
to a vehicle orbecause of what the repair costs were.
Inflation isdetermined by the angleof the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
The air bagsystem is designed to work properly under a
wide rangeof conditions, including off-road usage.
Observe safe driving speeds, especially on rough terrain.
As always, wear your safety belt. See “Off-Road
Driving” in the Index for more tipson off-road driving.
1-32
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderateto severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel.
The air bagsupplements the protection provided by
safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact
more evenly overthe occupant’s upper body, stopping
the occupant moregradually. But air bags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including
rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is nottoward the air bag.
Air bags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severefrontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you seeafter an airbag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates. This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even realize the air
bag inflated. Some componentsof the airbag module in
the steering wheel hub will be hot for a short time. The
part of the bag that comes into contactwith you may be
warm, but it will never be too hot totouch. There will be
some smoke and dust coming fromvents in the deflated
air bag. Air bag inflation willnot prevent the driver
from seeing or from being able to steerthe vehicle, nor
will it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the
air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people witha history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as itis safe to doso.
If you have breathing problems butcan’t get out
of the vehicle after anair bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
The air bag is designed to inflate only once. After it
inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect
you in another crash.
A new system will include the air bag module and
possibly other parts.The service manual for your
vehicle covers theneed to replace other parts.
Your vehicle is equippedwith a diagnostic module,
which records information about the air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness
of the system,when the sensors are activated and
driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag systemAmproper service can mean that your
air bag systemwon’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
I NOTICE:
If you damage thecover for the driver’sair bag,
it may not workproperly. You may haveto
replace theair bag module. Do not openor break
the air b,agcover.
1-33
Servicing Your Air Bag-EquippedVehicle
The air bag affects how your vehicle should be serviced.
There areparts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
GM dealer and the service manual have information
about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.
To purchase a service,manual, see “Serviceand Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Adding Equipment toYour Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Q.’ If I add a
push bumperor a bicycle rack to the
front of my vehicle, will it keep the air bag from
working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is
attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle’s basic
structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep the
air bags from working properly in a crash.
What if I add a snow plow? Willit keep the air
bag from working properly?
For upto two minutes after theignition key is
turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag canstill inflate during improperservice. You
can be injuredif you are close to an airbag when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape,
or yellow connectors. They are probably part of
the air bag system. Be sure to follow proper
service procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-34
A:
We’ve designed our air bag systems to work
properly under a wide range of conditions,
including snow plowing with vehicles equipped
with the optional Snow Plow Prep Package
(RPO VYU). But don’t change or defeat the snow
plow’s “tripping mechanism.” If you do, it can
damage your snow plow and your vehicle, andit
may cause an airbag inflation.
Q: Is there anythingI might add to the frontof the
Safety Belt UseDuring Pregnancy
A:
Safety belts work for everyone,including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don't wear safety belts.
vehicle that could keep the air bag from
working properly?
Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle's
frame, bumper system, front end sheet metal or
height, they may keep the air bag system from
working properly. Also, the air bag system may not
work properly if you relocate any of the air bag
sensors. If you have-anyquestion about this, you
should contact Customer Assistance before you
modify your vehicle. (The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two
of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this
manual. See "Customer Satisfaction Procedure"
in the Index.)
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-35
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt isworn properly, it’s more
likely thatthe fetus won’t be hurt ina crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective .wearing
is
them properly.
Center. Passenger Position
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’ss,afetybelt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver
Position’’
section.
earlier in this
#
When the lapbelt i s pulled out all theway, it will lock.
If it does,,let it go back all theway and start again.
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has frontand rear bench seats, someone
can sitin the center positions.
1-36
When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap
safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt thelatch plate and pull it along the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender’’ at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-37
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
The positions next to the windows havelap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
2-Door Utility and Suburban
1-38
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way, it
will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see“Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4-Door Utility
1-39
2-Door Utility and Suburban
4-DOOr Utility
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-40
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop ora crash.
f
A
You can be seriously hurt if your
shoulder belt is
too loose. Ina crash, you wouldmove forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
~~~~~
On four-door utility models, move the shoulder belt
height adjuster to the height that is right for you.
The lap part of the belt should be worn lowand snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvicbones. And you’d be less likely
If you slid under it, the belt
to slide under the lap belt.
would apply force at yourabdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across thechest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
1-41
To move the height adjuster down, push in at the word
PRESS and move the height adjusterto the desired
position. You can move the adjuster upjust by pushmg up
on the shoulder belt guide. After you move the adjuster to
where you want it, try to move it down without pushingin
to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the heightso that the shoulder portionof the belt is
centered on your shoulder.The belt should be awayfrom
your face and neck, but not fallingoff your shoulder.
1-42
2-Door Utility and Suburban
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
smaller Children and Babies
A CAUTION:
4-DOOr Utility
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Smaller children and babies should always
be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint
will say whether itis
the right type and
size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on thehips, as it
should. Instead, thebelt will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, thebelt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause seriousor fatalinjuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one is’always properly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
1-43
CAUTION: (Continued)
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. Thebaby would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
Never hold a baby in yourarms while riding ina
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much until a
crash. During a crash baby
a
will become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-44
I
Child Restraints
Top Strap
Be sure the child 'restraint is designed to be used in a
vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to besecured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to dothat.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rearseat unless the child is an
infant and you're the .only adult in the vehic1.e. In that
case, you might want to secure the restraint in the front
seat where you can keep an eye on the baby.
Wherever you install it, be sure to securethe child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stopand injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle-- even when no child is in it.
If your child restraint has atop strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to havean anchor instalIed, you
can ask your GM dealer toput it in for you. If you want
to install an anchor yourself, your dealer cantell you
how to do it.
1-45
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside
Seat
Position
I
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latchplate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through pr
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-47
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat
Position
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt
.
back into the retractor while
you push down
on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions tobe sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move.freely again and be ready work
to for an adult
or largerbhild passenger.
1-48
You’ll be using the lapbelt.
See the earlierpart about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle's safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure. If it isn't, secure the
restraint in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
1-49
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt, It will be ready to work for an adult or
larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-50
I
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
1-51
Larger Children
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
~
~
~
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-52
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the samebelt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impactforces. In a
crash, thetwo children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but thechild is so small that the shoulder belt
is
very close to thechild’s faceor neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very
close to the child’s face orneck, you might want to
place the child in a seat that has a lap belt,if your
vehicle has one.
1-53
2-Door Utility and Suburban
1-54
4-Door Utility
Safety Belt Extender
/i\ CAUTION:
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that
has a
’
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt inthis way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
~
I
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low andsnug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
I Checking Your
Systems
Restraint
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers,and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-55
If you ever see a label on a right front safety belt ina
two-door Utility model that says to replace the belt, be
sure todo so. Then the new belt will be there to help
protect you in a collision, You would see this label on
the belt near the door opening.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, doyou need new belts?
After a very minor collision,nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched,as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, thenyou need new belts.
If belts are cutor damaged, replace them. Collision
damage alsomay mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
1
1-56
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and
optional features on your vehicle, and information on
starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the
instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if
everything is working properly -- and what to do if you
have a problem.
Keys
A CAUTION:
I
Leaving young children in a vehicle with the
A child
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons.
or others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate power windowsor other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys in a vehicle with young children.
2-1
Your vehicle has one
double-sided key for the
ignition and all doorlocks.
Door Locks
A CAUTION:
I
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doors andfall out. Whena door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow downor stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doorsaren’t locked. Wear,safety belts
properly, lock your doors, and you will befar
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
--
If you ever loseyour key, your dealerwill be ableto
assist you with obtaining a new one.
--
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, useyour key.
2-2
From the inside, to lock the
door, slide the lever on your
door down.
To unlock the door, slide the
Rear Door Security Locks ($-Door Utility)
With this feature, you can
lock the rear doorsso they
can’t be opened from the
inside by passengers.
Power Door Locks (Option)
Press the side of the power
Move the button up to engagethe security feature.
door lock switch marked
Move the button down toreturn the door locks to
LOCK on either fi-ont door to
lock all the doors at once. Pressnormal operation.
the ribbed sideof the switch to
Leaving Your Vehicle
unlock all the doors at once.
If you are leaving thevehicle, take your keys, open your
On fok-door models,
door and setthe locks from inside. Then get out and
theswitchoneachreardoor
close the door.
works only that door’s lock.
It won’t lock (or unlock) all
of the doors -- that’s a
safety feature.
2-3
Keyless Entry System (Option)
If your vehicle has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors oryour tailgate from up to30 feet (9 m)
away using the key chain transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
Your Keyless Entry System operateson a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This devicemay not cause harmful interference,
and (2) This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions on battery replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too far fromyour
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal.
See your GM dealer or a qualified technician for service.
Changes ormodifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Operation
To unlock the driver’s door, press the UNLOCK button.
If you press this button again within five seconds, all the
doors will unlock. Press the REAR button to unlock the
rear door only, or torelease the tailgate glass.
Press the LOCKbutton to lock all the doors.
When the UNLOCK button is pushed, the interior dome
lamps areturned on for 40 seconds or until the ignition
switch is activated.
When the LOCK button is pushed, the interior lamps
are turned on for two seconds if the doors are closed.
If the LOCK button is pushed when a door is open, the
interior lamps will stay on for two seconds after the door
is closed.
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
To replace the batteries:
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter
is lost or stolen, a replacement can bepurchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When
the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be
matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle
can have only two transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about twoyears.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal range in any location. If you
have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably time to change the batteries.
Use two Duracell@type DL2016, or a similar type.
1. Insert a dimein the side seamof the transmitter
housing, near the key ring hole.
2. Twist the dime to separatethe two halves of the
transmitter housing. Separate the housing, bottom
half first.
3. Remove and replace-thebatteries. Put the new
batteries in with the printed side down.
together.
4. Align the housing and snap the halves
Your Doors and How They Work
CAUTION: (Continued!
Side Doors
To open the door fromthe outside, pull the handle up
and pull the door open.
To open the door from the inside, pull the lever toward
you and push the door open.
1
It can be dangerousto drive with’the tailgate
glass, tailgate or rear doors
open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into yourvehicle.
You can’t see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
CAUTION: (Continued)
2-6
If you must drive with the tailgate glass, tailgate
or rear doors
open or if electrical wiring or other
cable connections must pass through the.seal
between the body and the.tailgate glass, tailgate
or reardoors:
Make sure all windows are shut.
’hrn the fanon your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed withthe setting
on VENT. That will force outside air into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Tailgate Glass and Tailgate
Panel Doors
If your vehicle has a tailgate, you must raise the rear
glass before lowering the tailgate.
To open the rearpanel doors, you must open the
passenger’s side door first.If the door is locked, insert
your door key in the lock and turn it counterclockwise to
unlock it.
To open the glass from the outside, use your key. With
the key in the lock, turn the key clockwise to release the
glass, then lift it up.
To release the glass from the inside, use the electric
tailgate glass release switch on the instrument panel. For
more information, see “Tailgate -- Electric Glass
Release” in the Index.
Open the tailgate by lifting up on the handle while
pulling the tailgate toward you.
Close the tailgate before closing the rear glass. After
closing, make sure the tailgate is securely latched by
pulling it toward you. After closing the rear glass, pull
up on its handle to make sure itis locked.
To open the passenger’s side door, pull up on the handle
and pull the door open.
To open the driver’s side door, first open the passenger’s
side, door. Then, pull the handle on the left door edge out
and pull the door open.
The rear doors have a check assembly to keep them
from fully opening duringnormal use. Tofully open
either rear door, you must release the check strap.
First, open the door partway until the white mark on the
check strap is fully outsidethe door edge. If the end of
the strap catchesthe pin on the door, the dooris open
too far.
2-7
Then, hold the strap at the
white mark, pull the strap
toward you and openthe
door all the way.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossibleto steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joyriders or professional thieves -- so
don”t doit.
To re-engage the door check strap,just close the door
and the strapwill catch thepin.
To close the .doors, close the driver’s side door first.
After securely closing the door, close the passenger’s
side door. Make sure both doors are latched securely.
To lock therear doors from outside the vehicle,
put your
key in the lock and turn it clockwise.If you have power
door locks,you can lock the side doors aswell as the
rear doors from inside the
vehicle. For more
information, see “Power DoorLocks” in this section.
3 4
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a tone reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition. If you have an automatic transmission, taking
your key out also locks your transmission. And
remember to lock the doors.
Parking atNight
Park in a lighted spot, close allwindows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it upand take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? Whatif
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
glove box.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it wil1,performbetter in the long
run if you followthese guidelines:
0 Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 kmh) or
less for the first500 miles (804 km).
0 Don’t drive at anyone speed
fast or
slow for thefirst 500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
0 Avoid making hard stops for the
first
200 miles (322-km)or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get newbrake linings.
0 Don’t tow a trailer duringbreak-in.
See “Towinga Trailer” in the Index
for
more information.
--
0-
2-9
Ignition Positions
Use your key to start your vehicle. The key lets you turn
the ignition switch to five different positions.
LOCK (B): This position locks your ignition, steering
wheel and transmission. It’s a theft-deterrent feature.
You will only be able toremove your key when the
ignition is turned to LOCK.
OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
c
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like LOCK. Use OFF if you must have your
vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for example, if
your vehicle is beingpushed).
RUN (D): This is the position for driving.
.START (E): This position starts your engine.
I
A
--
E
L
A
ACCESSORY (A): This position lets you use things
like the radioand the windshield wipers when the
engine isoff. Push in the key and turn it toward you.
Your steering wheel will remain locked, just as it was
before you inserted the key.
2-10
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure itis allthe way in. If it is, then
turn thesteering wheel leftand rightwhile you
turn thekey hard. But turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or theignition switch. If none of this
works, then yourvehicle needs service.
Starting Your Gasoline Engine
If you have a diesel engine, see “StartingYour Diesel
Engine” in the Diesel EngineSupplement.
’.
-
4
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N):
Your engine won’t start in any other position-- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longerthan
15 seconds at a time’willcause your battery to
be drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter
motor.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you coulddamage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only whenyour
vehicle is stopped.
,.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speedwill go down as your
engine gets warm.
1
.
2. If it doesn’t start rightaway, hold your key in
START. If it doesn’t start in10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal allthe way down for five more
seconds, or untilit starts.
2-11
3. If your enginestill won’t start (or starts but then
stops), wait 15 seconds and start over.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
In very cold weather,
0°F (-lS°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater
can help.
When the engine starts,let go of the key and the
accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to workwith the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, youcould change theway
the engine operates.Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not performproperly.
If you ever have to have yourvehicle towed, see
the part of this manual that
tells how to doit
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle’’ in theIndex.
2-12
c
You’ll get easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be
plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting
your vehicle.
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
4 CAUTION:
Plugging the cord intoan ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cordwon’t reach, use ,a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord ratedfor
at least 15 amps.
4. After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to
store the cord asit was before to keep it away
frommovingengineparts. If you don’t,itcould
be damaged.
@.
How long shouldyou keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answerdepknds on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of
trying to list everything here,
we ask thatyou contact
your GM dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give
you the best advice for that
particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
PARK (P): This locks your rear wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
A CAUTION:
There areseveral different positions for your shift lever.
Your vehicle now features an electronic shift position
indicator within the instrument cluster. This display
must be powered anytime the shift lever is capable of
being moved out of the PARK (P) position. This means
that if your key is in the OFF position, rather than the
LOCK position, there will be a small current drain on
your battery which could discharge yourbattery over a
period of time. If you have a need to leaveyour key in
the ignition in the OFF position for an extended period
for any reason, it is recommended that you disconnect
the battery cable fromthe battery to prevent discharging
your battery.
2-14
It is dangerous toget out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe engine is
running unless you have to.If you have leftthe
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re
on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shiftlever to PARK (P).
CAUTION: (Continued)
If you have four-wheeldrive, yourvehicle
will befree to roll even if your shiftlever
is in PARK (P) if your transfer case is in
NEUTRAL (N). So, be sure the transfer
case is in
a drive gear, two-wheel high (2H) or four-wheel
high (4H) or four-wheel low (4L) not in
NEUTRAL (N).See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing
a Trailer” in the Index.
--
--
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
A
\-,
--
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot’is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could movevery
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift outof PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N)while your engine is racing.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting toREVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transmission.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
NOTICE:
Damage to yourtransmission caused by shifting
out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)with the
engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
2-15
k
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@):This position is
for normal dri,ving.If you need morepower for passing,
and you’re:
Going less than about 35 mph (56 M),
push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
If you manually select SECOND (2), the transmission
will drive in second gear. You may use this feature
for reducing torque to the rear wheels whenyou are
trying to start your vehicle from a stop on slippery
road surfaces.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fueleconomy) than SECOND (2). You can
use it onvery steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power. selector lever isput in FIRST (1) while the vehicle is
moving forward, the transmission won’t shift into first
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@) can be used when
gear until the vehicleis going slowly enough.
towing a trailer. You may want to shift the transmission
to THIRD (3)or, if necessary, a lower gear selection if
the transmission shifts too oftenwhen carrying a heavy
NOTICE:
load, driving on steephills or foroff-road driving.
Going about 35 mph (56 M)or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@).
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fueleconomy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can helpcontrol your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would alsowant to use
your brakesoff and on.
2-16
I
,
If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t try
to
drive. This might happen
if you were stuckin
very deep sand ormud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator pedal.
This could overheat and damage the transmission.
Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P) to hold
your vehicle in position on a hill.
Locking Rear Axle (Option)
Front Axle Locking Feature
If you have this feature, your rear axle can give you
additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It
works like a standard axle most of the time, but when
one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does,
the locking feature will allow the wheel with traction to
move the vehicle.
The front axle locks and unlocks automatically when
you
shift the transfer case.Some delay for the axle to lock or
unlock is normal. If the outside temperatureis very hot, or
the vehicle has been used under hard driving conditions,
there may be a slight delay for theaxle to unlock.
Four-wheel Drive
Manual Transfer Case
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send your
engine’s driving power to all four wheels for extra
traction. To get the most satisfaction out of four-wheel
drive, you must be familiar with its operation. Read the
part that follows before using four-wheel drive. You
should use 2-WHEEL HIGH (2H) for most normal
driving conditions.
NOTICE:
Driving in the 4-WHEEL HIGH (4H) or
$-WHEEL LOW (4L)positions fora long time
of
on dry or wet pavementcould shorten the life
your vehicle’s drivetrain.
The transfer case shift lever is on the floor tothe right of
the driver. Use this lever to shift into and out of
four-wheel drive.
2-17
An indicator near the lever shows you the transfer
case settings:
2H (2-Wheel High):This setting is for driving in most
street and highway situations. Your front axle is not
engaged intwo-wheel drive.
4H (4-Wheel High):This setting engages your front
axle to help drive yourvehicle. Use 4H when you need
extra traction, such ason wet or icy roads, or in most
off-road situations.
The frontaxle portion of the indicator diagramwill light
up when you shift intofour-wheel drive.
Some delay between shifting and the indicator's lighting
is normal. If the indicator light doesnot light up, or if
the front axlelight does not go outafter you shift outof
four-wheel drive, have your dealer check
your system.
2-18
N '(Neutral):Shift tothis setting only when your vehicle
needs to be towed or when using a power take-off.
,
4L (4-Wheel Low):This setting also engages your front
axle to give you extra power, but should be used- only
for off-road driving.
You can shiftfrom 2-WHEEL HIGH (2H) to 4-WHEEL
HIGH (4H) or from 4-WHEEL HIGH (4H) to 2-WHEEL
HIGH (2H) while the vehicle is moving. Your front axle
may engage fasterif you takeyour foot off of the
accelerator for a few seconds after you shift.In extremely
cold weather, it may be necessaryto stop or slow the
vehicle to shift out of 2-WHEEL HIGH (2H). .
To shift into or out of 4-WHEEL LOW (4L) or
NEUTRAL (N):
Electronic Transfer Case(Option)
1. Slow the vehicle to a roll, about 1 to 3 mph
(2 to 5 km/h) and shift the transmission into
NEUTRAL (N).
2. Shift the transfer case shift lever in one continuous
motion.
Don’t pause in NEUTRAL (N) as you shift the
transfer case into 4-WHEEL LOW (4L), or the
gears could clash.
Remember that driving in 4-WHEEL HIGH (4H) or
4-WHEEL LOW (4L) may reduce fuel economy. Also,
driving in four-wheel drive on dry pavement could
cause your tires to wear faster and make your transfer
case harder to shift.
When your headlamps or parking lamps are on, rotate the
thumb wheel next to the headlamp switch up to brighten,
and down to dim, your transfercase indicator light.
If your four-wheel-drive vehicle has the electronic
transfer case, the transfer case switches are below and to
the left of the climate controls.
Use these switches to shift into and out of four-wheel
drive. You can choose among three driving settings:
2HI: This setting is for driving in most street and
highway situations. Your front axle is not engaged in
two-wheel drive.
2-19
4HI: This setting engages your front axle to help
drive your vehicle. Use 4HI when you need extra
traction, such as on snowy or icy roads, or in most
off-road situations.
Shifting from 4HIto 2HI
4LO: This setting also engages your front axle'togive
you extra traction. You may never need 4LO. It sends
the maximum power to all four wheels. You might
choose 4LOif you were driving off-road in sand, mud
or deepsnow and climbing or descending steep hills.
Shifting from2HI or 4HI to 4LO
Indicator lights in the switches show you which setting
you are in. The indicatorlights will come on briefly
when ,you turn on the ignition and one will stay on. If
the lights donot come on,you should take your vehicle
in forservice. An indicator light will flash while
shifting. It will remain illuminated when the shift
is completed.
Shifting from 2HI to 4HI
,Press and release the 4HI switch. This can be done at any
speed, and the indicator light will flash while shifting. It
will remain illuminated when theshift is completed.
I
2-20
Press and release the 2HI switch. This can be done at
any speed, and the system will unlock automatically.
To shift from 2HIor 4HI to 4L0, the vehicle must be
stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the
transmission in NEUTRAL (N). The preferred method
for shifting into 4LO isto have your vehicle moving
1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the
4LO switch. You must wait for the 4LO indicator light
to stop flashing andremain illuminated before shifting
your transmission into gear.
If the 4LO switch is pressed when your vehicle is in
gear and/or moving, the 4LO indicator light will flash
for 30 seconds and not complete the shift unless your
vehicle is moving slower than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the
transmission is in NEUTRAL (N).
Shifting from4LO to 4HI or 2HI
To release the parking
brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull
the lever, located just
above the parking brake
pedal, marked BRAKE
RELEASE, to release the
parking brake.
To shift from 4LO to 4HI or 2HI your vehicle must be
stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 k d h ) with the
transmission in NEUTRAL (N). The preferred method
for shifting out of 4LO is to have your vehicle moving
1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 k d h ) . Press and release the 4HI
switch. You must wait for the 4HI indicator light to stop
flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your
transmission into gear.
If the 4HI switch is pressed when your vehicle is in
gear and/or moving, the 4HI indicator light will flash
for 30 seconds but not complete the shift unless the
vehicle is moving slower than 3 mph (4.8 k d h ) and
the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N).
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot. Push down the parking brake
pedal with your leftfoot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
come on.
If the ignition is on when the parking brake is released,
the brake system warning light will go off.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake
on can cause
your rear brakesto overheat. You may have to
replace them, andyou could alsodamage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to dofirst to keepthe trailer from moving.
2-21
Shifting IntoPARK (P)
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerousto get out of your vehicle if
the shiftlever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
Steering Column ShiftLever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot
and set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position
like this:
parking brakefirmly set. Your vehiclecan roll.
If you have left the engine running, thevehicle
can move suddenly.You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
even when you’re on fairly level ground, use
the stepsthat follow. If you have four-wheel
drive andyour transfer case is in NEUTRAL (N),
your vehicle willbe freeto roll, even if your shift
lever isin PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer
case
is in a drive gear not inNEUTRAL (N). If
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towinga Trailer” in
the Index.
--
0
2-22
Pull the lever toward you.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
A\ LAUTION:
0
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. If you have four-wheel drive, be sure the transfer
case is in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Move the ignition key to LOCK.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle withthe ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could movesuddenly
if the shift lever is not fullyin PARK (P) with the
parking brakefirmly set. If you have four-wheel
drive with a manual transfercase shift lever and
your transfer case isin NEUTRAL (N),your
vehicle will be free to roll, evenif your shift lever
is in PARK (P). So be sure the transfercase is ina
drive gear not in NEUTRAL (N).And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, itcould
overheat and even catch fire. You or otherscould
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
--
2-23
Torque Lock
Parking Over Things That Burn
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of
the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brakeland then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque,lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the transmission, so you can pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P).
Things thatcan burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t
park
over papers,leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
I
2-24
I
Engine Exhaust
A CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains thegas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t seeor
smell. It can cause unconsciousnessand death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
0 Your exhaust system soundsstrange or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
0 Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
0 Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the roador over road debris.
0 Repairs weren’t done correctly.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
0 Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out anyCO; and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It‘s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are somethings to know.
A CAUTION:
Idling the engine withthe air system control off
could allow dangerous exhaust into your vehicle
(see the earlierCaution under “Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can letdeadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into yourvehicle even
if the fanswitch is at the highest setting. One
place this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come in easily. NEVER park ina
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. (See
“Blizzard” in the Index.)
--
--
2-25
A
CAUTION:
A
It canbe dangerous toget out of your vehicle if
the shiftlever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on
fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shiftlever to PARK (P).
1
2-26
If you have four-wheel drive and your transfercase is
in NEUTRAL (N), your vehicle will be free to roll, even
if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL (N).
Always set your parking brake. Follow the propersteps
to be sure your vehicle won’t move. See “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Windows
Push the rear of the switch with the power window
symbol on it to lower the window.
Manual Windows
To open your manualwindows, turn the hand crank on
each door to raise or lower your side door windows.
Power Windows (Option)
If you have the optional
power windows, the
controls are on each of the
side doors.
Push the front of the switch with the power window
symbol on it to raise the window.
The driver’s window switch has an express down feature
that allows the window to lower without holding the
switch. Press and hold the side of the window switch
marked AUTO for one second to activate the express
down mode. The express down mode can be canceled at
any time by pressing the opposite side of the switch. To
open the window part way, lightly tap the switch until
the window is at the desired position.
If you have a four-door vehicle and power windows, the
power window switch has a lockout feature. This feature
prevents the rear windows from operating except from
the driver’s position, when the front driver’s side switch
is in the lockout position. When the switch is moved out
of the lockout position, the rear power windows will
operate again.
The driver’s door has a switch for the passenger
windows as well. Your power windows will work when
the ignition has been turned to ACC or RUN.
Electric Tailgate Glass Release
Before operating your electric tailgate glass release, see
the caution under “Your Doors and How They Work’’ in
this section.
2-27
The electric hatch release
button lets you release the
tailgate glass. To release
the glass, press the top of
the button.
Tilt Wheel (Option)
A tilt steering wheel allows
you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
Then, lift the window up to open.
The shift lever must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
for the release to work.
Horn
If your vehicle is equipped with an air bag, press on the
air bag module in the center of the steering wheel to
sound the horn.
If your vehicle is not equipped with an air bag,press on
the horn cap in the center of the steering wheel to sound
the horn.
2-28
You can also raise it to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you enter and exit the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
Multifunction Lever
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes your:
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
An arrow on the
instrument panel will
flash in the direction of
the turn or lane change.
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlamp HighLow Beam Changer
WindshieldWipers
WindshieldWasher
To signal a lane change, justraise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
Cruise Control (Option)
2-29
If you move the lever all the way up or down and
the arrow flashes at twice the normal rate, a signal
bulb may be burned out and other drivers may not see
your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go onat all when you
signal aturn, check for burned-outbulbs and a blown
fuse (see “Fuses” in the Index).
Windshield Wipers
You control the windshield
wipers by turning the knob
with the wiper symbol on it.
Headlamp HighLow Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to high or high
to low, pull the turn signal lever all the way toward you.
Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this light on the
instrument panel also
will be on.
For a singlewiping cycle, turn the knob to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle. If you want morecycles, hold the
knob on MISTlonger.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rainor
snow. Turn the knob to choose the delay time. The
closer to LOW, the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the knob to
the LOW position. For high-speed wiping, turn the
knob further, to HIGH. To stop the wipers, movethe.
knob to OFF.
2-30 -
Remember that damaged wiper blades may preventyou
from seeing well enoughto drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clearice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them.If they are frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades
do become damaged, get new bladesor blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. The
windshield wiper motoris protected from overload by a
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper willstop until the motor
cools. Although the circuitis protected from electrical
overload, overload dueto heavy snow, etc. may cause
wiper linkage damage. Alwaysclear ice and heavy snow
from the windshield before using your windshield wipers.
Windshield Washer
At the top of the lever,
there’s a paddle with the
word PUSH on it. To spray
-washerfluid on the
windshield, push thepaddle.
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise thewasher,
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
Washer fluid will spray as long as you push the paddle.
When you let go of the paddle, the wipers will continue
to wipe for a few seconds and then either stop or return
to the preset speed.
Driving without washer fluid can be dangerous. A
bad mud splash can block your vision. You could hit
another vehicle or go off the road. Check your washer
fluid level often.
2-31
Rear Window Wiper and Washer
The rear window
wipedwasher switch is on
your instrument panel, to
the right of the gage cluster.
the washer fluid bottle, you may not be able to wash
your rear window. If you can’wash your windshield, but
not your rear window, check the fluid level.
Cruise Control (Option)
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h)or more without keeping yourfoot on
the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise
control does not work at speeds below25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, cruise control shuts off.
To turn the wiper on, slide the switch all the way up.
0
For delay wiping, slide the switch even with DELAY in
the center position of the rear wiper control. Thewiper
will cycle every nine seconds.
To wash the window, push in on the switch. Window
washer fluid will continue to spray until the switch is
released. The wiper will continue with three more wipes
and then return to the setting that was chosen before the
lever was pushed.
The rear window washer uses the same fluidbottle as
the front windshield washer. If the fluid level islow in
2-32
0
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
So,
can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
Setting Cruise Control
3. Push in the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
A CAUTION:
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
If you leave your cruise control switchon when
you're not using cruise, you mighthit a button
and go into cruise when you don't want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keepthe
cruise control switchOFF until you want to use it.
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don't need to reset it.
Once you're going about
25 mph (40 k d h ) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switch from ON to
WA (Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a second.
1. Move the cruise control
switch to ON.
-*:<'-;ir$.
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You'll go right back upto your chosen speed and stay
there.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
Remember, if you hold the switch at R/A longer than
half a second, the vehicle will keep going faster until
you release the switch or apply the brake. You could be
startled and even lose control. So unless you want to go
faster, don't hold the switch at R/A.
2-33
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
0
0
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push the SET button at the end of the lever, then
release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher.speed.
.Move the cruise control switch from ON to WA.
Hold itthere until you get up to the speed you want,
and then release the switch. (To increase your speed
in very small amounts, move the switch to R/A forless than half a second. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.)
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to reduce yourspeed while using
cruise control:
Push in the SET button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
0
To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button for lessthan half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h)slower.
2-34’
Using Cruise Controlon Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have tostep on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. If the
steepness of the hill causes the vehicle speed to drop
more than 15 mph (24 km/h) below the set speed, your
cruise control will automatically disengage. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keepyour speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Lamps
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
Your parkingheadlamp
knob is on the driver’s side
of your instrument panel.
Step lightly on the brake pedal; OR
Move the cruise control
switch to OFF.
Rotate the knob clockwise to the parking lamp symbol
to turn on the following:
’
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
0
ParkingLamps
0
Sidemarker Lamps
0
Clearance Lamps (if you have them)
0
Taillamps
0
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
2-35
Rotate the knob clockwise again to the master
lighting symbol to turn on all the lamps listed as
well as the headlamps.
Rotate theknob counterclockwise tothe OFF symbol to
turn off your lamps.
Rotate the thumb wheel next to the knob up to adjust
instrument panel lights. Rotate the thumb wheel up to
the first notch to return the radio display and gearshift
indicator LED display to full intensity when the
headlamps orparking lamps are on.To turn on the dome
lamps (with the vehicle doors closed)rotate the thumb
wheel up to the second notch position.
You can switch your headlamps from high to low beam
by pulling on the turn signalhigh beam lever.
A circuit breaker protects your headlamps. If you have
an electrical overload, your headlamps will flicker on
and off. Have your headlamp wiring checked right away
if this happens.
Headlamps-On Reminder
A buzzer will sound when your headlamps are turned
on and your ignition is in OFF, LOCK or ACCESSORY.
If you need to use your headlamps when the ignition
switch is in OFF, LOCK or ACCESSORY, thebuzzer
can be turned off by turning the thumb wheel next to the
parkingheadlamp switch all the way down.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to seethe front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
The DRL system will make your headlamps come on
at a reduced brightness when:
The ignition is on,
0
The headlamp switch is off, and
The parking brake is released.
2-36
When the DRL are on, only your headlamps will be on.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on.
Your instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
Underhood Reel Lamp
When it begins to get dark, your DRL indicator light
is a reminder to turn your headlamp switch on. The
other lamps that come on withyour headlamps will
also come on.
When you turn the headlamp switch off, the regular
lamps will go off, and your headlamps will change to
the reduced brightnessof DRL.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake. The DRL will stay off until you release the
parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
If you have an underhood reel lamp, it is located inside
the engine compartment on the rear passenger side of
the engine compartment. You can use it as a flashlight.
To use the lamp, pull up on the lever and pull the lamp
out. The cord will unreel as you pull the lamp.
When you are done using the lamp, reel the cord back
into the housing by turning the handle.
Then, slide the lamp into the holder. Press PUSH on the
lever to hook the lamp into the holder.
2-37
Interior Lamps
Dome Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity Control
The dome lampswill come on when you open the doors.
Rotate thethumb wheel up toadjust the instrument
panel 1igh.t.s.Rotate the thumbwheel up to the first notch
to return the radio display and gear shift indicator LED
display to full intensity when the headlamps or parking
lamps are on. To turn on the dome-lamps (with the
vehicle doorsclosed) rotate the thumb wheel up to the
second notch position.
Illuminated Entry
Your vehicle may be equipped with an illuminated
entry feature.
When the doors are opened, the dome lamps will come
on if the dome lampbutton is in the out position. When
all doors areclosed or the dome lampbutton is pressed
in, the lamps will stay on for a short period of time and
will then go out.
2-38
You can also turn the dome lamps on by rotating the
thumb wheel, located next to the parkingheadlamp
knob, all the way up to the second notch. In this
position, the domelamps will remain on whether the
doors are opened or closed.
You can use the dome lamp button, located below the
parkingheadlamp knob, to set the dome lamps to come
on automatically when the doors are open, or remain off.
To turn the lamps off, press the button once. With the
button in this position, the dome lamps will remain off
when the doors are open. To return the lamps to
automatic operation,press the button again and returnit
to the out position. With the button in this position, the
dome lamps will come on when you open the door.
Reading Lamps
If your vehicle has reading
lamps, press the button
next to the lamp to turn the
lamp on.
The lamps can be adjusted
to point in the direction
you want.
Press the button again to
turn the lamp off.
If your vehicle has an overhead console with
reading lamps, press the button next to the lamp to
turn the lamp on.
Electrochromic Inside Rearview Mirror
with Compass (Option)
Your vehicle may have an electrochromic inside
rearview mirror.
An electrochromic inside rearview mirror, when on,
automatically dims to the proper level to minimize glare
from lights behind you after dark.
The mirror also includes
an eight point compass
display in the upper right
corner of the mirror face.
When on, the compass
automatically calibrates
as the vehicle is driven.
The lamps can beadjusted to point in the direction
you want.
Press the button again to turn the lamp off.
Mirrors
Inside Mirror
Push or pull the tab under the mirror to reduce glare
from headlamps behind you after dark.
To use the electrochromic mirror only, move the switch
at the bottom of the mirror to the M position. To use the
electrochromic mirror as well as the compass, move the
switch to the C/M position. To turn both features off,
move the switch to the OFF position.
2-39
Compass Operation
Compass Variance
When the ignition is on and the mirror switch is in the
C/M position, the compass display will show two
character boxes for approximately two seconds.If, after
two seconds, the display does not show a compass
heading (“N” for North, for example), there may be a
strong magnetic field interferingwith the compass. Such
interference may include magnetic antenna mounts, a
magnetic note pad holder, or a similar magnetic item. If
removing these items does not correct the condition, see
your GM dealer for assistance.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust the
compass to compensate for compass variance. Compass
variance is the difference between earth’s magnetic
North and true geographic North. If not adjusted to
account for compass variance, your compass could give
false readings.
When cleaningthe mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
To adjust for compass variance:
1. Use the CAL switch located at the bottom of the
mirror housing near the odoff switch. A safety pin
or a paper clip canbe used to press the button. Press
and hold the CAL switch for five seconds until a .
zone number appears in the display.
2. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
2-40
Outside Mirrors
Adjust your outside mirrors so you can just see the
side of your vehicle, 'and have a clearview of objects
behind you. Some mirrors can be folded in to enter
narrow doorways.
Electric Outside Rearview Mirrors
If you have electric mirrors,, they can be adjusted to
point where you want from inside the vehicle.
Select the mirror you want
to move by moving the
center of the switch, located
on the driver's door armrest,
to R (right) or L (left).
3. Press the CAL switch on the bottom of the mirror
until the new zone number appears in the display.
After you stop pressing the button in, the display will
show a compass direction within a few seconds.
Then, adjust the mirror angle by pressing the outer
arrows on the switch until the mirror is adjusted
where you want it.
Convex Outside Mirror
Glove Box
Your passenger’s side mirror may be convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
To open your glove box, move the switch button toward
the passenger side and pull the door open.
I A CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirroror glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Storage Compartments
Your vehicle has a variety of storage compartments
designed to store small items.
2-42
Two cup depressions are provided at the top of the
instrument panel to hold cups or other containers when
the vehicle is not moving.
Center Floor Console
Your vehicle may have a console compartment between
the bucket seats.
To open it, lift the latch handle and swing the door open.
Your console also has a
cupholder that swings out
for the back seat passengers
to use.
There is also a drawer that
slides out at the bottom of
the console.
Cassette/Compact Disc Holder
Your vehicle may have a
memo holder attached to the
front of the console. Use it
to hold pads of paper or
similar i tems.
Instrument Panel Cupholder
Your vehicle may have a
cassettekompact disc holder
at the front of the console.
The holder will store up to
four compact disc cases, up
to four cassette tape cases,
or any combination of these
items that adds up to four.
Memo Pad Holder
i
Your vehicle has a cupholder in the middle of the
instrument panel.
2-43
To use the cupholder, pull
the handle and slide the
cupholder tray open.
To close the cupholder,
slide it back in the
instrument panel.
I
I
Center Overhead Console
Garage Door Opener Compartment
If you have a garage door opener, the front overhead
compartment can be used to conveniently store the opener.
To install the garage door opener, first open the
compartment door by pressing the release button forward.
Peel the protective
backing from the hook
and loop patch. Press it
firmly to the back of your
garage door opener, as
close to the center of the
opener as possible.
Your vehicle may have an overhead console. It has
storage compartments inside it.
Center the garage door opener activation button over
the’console doorbutton, and press the opener firmly
into place.
The pegs inside the compartment door are used to make
sure the button on the compartment door will contact the
control button on the garage door opener.
Add one peg at a time
until the PUSH button on
the closed compartment
door operates the garage
door opener.
Now, with the compartment
door closed, push the button
marked PUSH to make sure
the garage door opener
operates properly.
With the garage door opener positioned properly and the
right number of pegs in place, you should only have to
push the PUSH button slightly to operate the opener.
Adjust the position of the garage door opener and
add or remove pegs, as needed, until the opener
operates properly.
2-45
Sunglasses Compartment
Rear Compartment
The center overhead compartment canbe used to
conveniently store your sunglasses.
The rear compartment can be used to store a small
item, likea book.
To open the rear compartment, press the release button
located at the rear of the compartment ,door.
Other Storage Compartments
Your vehicle includes a number of storage
compartments for storage of often used items.
Some vehicles have storage areasin the instrument panel.
Use these spaces for items such as gloves or small books.
Some models have a storage pocket on each of the
front doors. You can use the pocket to store a variety of
small items.
To open the center compartment, press the release
button located at the rear of the compartment door.
Place your sunglasses in the compartment door with the
lenses facingout.
2-46
Armrest Storage Compartment
Underhood Storage Area
Your vehicle may have a center armrest storage
compartment in the front bench seat.
To open it, fold down the armrest, press the latch handle
located at the front of the armrest. Thenlet the lid pop
up and swing open.
The storage compartment has a cassettekompact disc
holder. The holder will store up to five compact disc
cases and up to six cassette tape cases.
The storage compartment also has a folding writing
table on thetop of the armrest lid.
To use the writing table, pull the latch at the rear of the
table and swing the writing table forward. Use it to hold
pads of paper and a pen.
$-Door Utility Rear Storage Compartment
There is a storage compartment in the front driver’s side
of the engine compartment.
If you have a Four-door Utility model, it has a storage
compartment located in the rear cargo area of the
vehicle, in the driver’s side trim panel.
Convenience Net
To open the compartment, press down on the release
latches and swing the compartment door open.
If you have a convenience net, it is stored in a pouch
attached to the spare tire.
When closing the compartment, press both latches down
and move thedoor to the close position.
2-47
Cargo Security Shade @-DoorUtility Model)
An improperly stored cargo cover could be
thrown about the vehicle during
a collision or
sudden maneuver.You or others could be
injured. If you remove the cover, always store it
outside of the vehicle. Whenyou put it back,
always be sure that itis securely reattached.
I
If you have a cargosecurity shade, you can use it to
cover items in the cargo area of your vehicle.
To use the shade, pull the shade handle toward the rear
of the vehicle. Latch the shade posts into the retaining
sockets on the cargo area trim panels.
To return the shade to the shade holder, pull up on the
shade handle to release the shade posts from the
retaining sockets. Let the shade move forward and latch
the shade posts into the front-most retaining sockets.
2-48
To remove the shade from the vehicle, first let the shade
go all the way into the holder. Then, push the shade
holder toward the passenger side of the vehicle. Lift the
shade up on the driver’s side, swing the shade rearward,
and take it out of the vehicle.
To put the shade in the vehicle, first make sure the shade
slot in the holder faces rearward with the round surface
facing down. Then, hold the shade at an angle and place
the shade holder tab into the slot in the passenger’s side
trim panel. Move the other end of the shade forward and
hold it next to the driver’s side trim panel slot.
Push the shade holder toward the passenger side of the
vehicle and place the tab in the driver’s side trim panel
slot. Make sure the tab goes all the way in the slot.
Lightly pull on the shade holder to make sure it is secure.
Then, pull the shade to the desired position and secure the
shade posts in the appropriate retaining sockets.
2-49
Cargo Tie Downs
Luggage Carrier (Option)
If you have the optional luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of your vehicle.
The luggage carrier has slats and side rails attached to
the roof, and crossrails which tan be moved towardsthe
front or the rear in the side rails to help secure cargo. Tie
the load to the side rails or side rail supports.
NOTICE:
There arecargo tie downs in the rear cargo area that
allow you to strap cargo in and keep it from moving
inside the vehicle.
When not using the tie downs, flip them down out of
the way.
2-50
Loading cargo that weighs morethan 200 lbs.
(90.6 kg) on the luggage carrier may damage
your vehicle. When you carry largethings, never
let them hangover the rear orthe sides of your
vehicle. Load your cargo so that it rests on the
slats and does not scratch or damage the vehicle.
Put the cargoagainst the side rails and fasten it
securely to the luggage carrier.
,
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “LoadingYour Vehicle” in
the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make surethe luggage carrier and
cargo are still securely fastened.
Be sure the cargo is properly loaded.
0
0
If small heavy objects are placedon the roof, place
the load in the areaover the rear wheels (behind the
rear sidedoor on Suburbans).If you need to, cut a
piece of 3/8 inch plywood to fit inside the crossrails
and side rails to spread the load. If plywood is used,
tie it to the siderail supports..
Tie the load to thecrossrails or the side rail supports.
Use the crossrails only to keep the load from sliding.
0
If you need to carry long items, move the crossrails
as far apart asthey will go. Tie the loadto the
crossrails and the side rails or side rail supports. Also
tie the load to the bumpers.
Do not tie the loadso
tightly that the crossrails or side rails are damaged.
0
After moving the crossrails,be sure to tighten all the
slider screws.
Your vehicle has a Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL) located abovethe tailgate glass or above the
rear load doors.
If items are loaded on the
roof of the vehicle, as in a
luggage carrier, care should be
taken not to block or
damage the CHMSL unit.
Cigarette LightedAshtrays
The front ashtray is located at the bottom of the
instrument panel. Pull on the bottom of the ashtray door
to open it.
NOTICE:
If you store paperor otherthings that burnin
your ashtrays,they could be set on fire by
cigarettes or othersmoking materials. That could
cause a fire and
possibly damage your‘vehicle.Do
not store papers and other
things that burn in
your ashtrays.
To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way, and let
go. When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
2-52
NOTICE:
Holding a cigarettelighter in with your hand
while it is heating can make overload,
it
damaging the lighter and
the heating element.
Just push the lighterall the way in and let go.
When it’s done, it will pop back by itself.
To remove the front ashtray, pull on
the front of the
ashtray insert. Then slide the insert out
of the ashtray door.
To use a rear ashtray, if you have them, pull at the topof
the ashtray door to flip the door open.
To remove a rear ashtray, if you have them, press down
on the inside tabs and open the door fully.
Power Outlets
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also swing them out to help block glare at the front
and side windows.
Your visor may have a strap to hold small items, such
as maps.
Some visors have an
extender on the inside edge.
When the visor is down,
pull the extender out for
extra glare coverage at the
front or side.
Some visors have mirrors with lights. If the mirror has
lights, they willcome on when you lift the mirror cover.
You may have two power outlets near the cigarette
lighter. To access these outlets, pull down the covers. Use
these outlets to power mobile telephones or other devices
designed to operate with vehicle electrical systems.
2-53
Instrument Panel
2-54
A. Dome Lamp Switch
K. Ashtray
B. Lamp Controls
L.Cupholder
C. Air Vents
M. Power Outlets
D. Multifunction Lever
N. Storage Area or Optional.Compact Disc Player
E. Instrument Cluster
0. Rear Window Defogger Switch
E Gearshift Lever
P. TiltLever
G. Audio ,System
Q. Parking Brake Release Handle
H. Comfort Control System
R. Hood Release
I. Glove Box
S. Fuse Panel
J. Storage Tray
2-55
Instrument Cluster
CHECK
GAGES
ANTI -
LOCK
SWCE
ENGINE
SOON
n
W
MPH
lolololol TRIP
loo 0 0 oolol
[APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT FROM PARK
United States version shown, Canadian
similar.
Your instrument clusteris designed tolet you know at a glancehow your vehicle isrunning. You’ll know
how fast you’re going, about
how much fuel you have and many other things you’llneed to know to drive
safely andeconomically.
2-56
I
Trip Odometer
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (kmlh). Your
odometer shows how far your vehiclehas been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) orkilometers
in (used Canada).
I
Tamper-Resistant Odometer
Your odometer is tamper-resistant. The odometer will
show silver lines between the numbers if someone tries
to turn it back.
You may wonder whathappens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. Laws vary as tothe procedure
that must be followed, so check with your state or
provincial vehicle registration office. But generally, if
the new odometer can be set to themileage total of the
old odometer, then it must be. But if it can’t, then it’s set
at zero, and a label must be put on the driver’s door to
show the old mileage reading when the new odometer
was installed.
The trip odometer cantell you how far your vehicle has
been driven sinceyou last set the trip odometer to zero.
To reset the trip odometer, fully press the reset button
located near the trip odometer readout. If the reset
button is not fully pressed, the trip Odometer may not go
all the way back to zero. If it doesn’t, you may have to
press the reset button again to reset the readout to zero.
Tachometer
Your tachometer displays the engine speed in
revolutions per minute (rpm).
1
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area, your engine or other parts could
be damaged.
Damage to your engine or vehicle caused by
operating the engine in the red area
isn’t covered
by your vehicle warranty.
2-57
Warning Lights, Gages
and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages tha.t
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enoughto cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also saveyou or
others frominjury.
Warning lights come onwhen there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on thenext few pages, some
warning lights come onbriefly when you start the
engine justto let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages canindicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Oftengages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
2-58
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving,or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it.Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairscan be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warninglights
and gages. They’re abig help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a tone will
come on for about eight
seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
I
The safety belt light wilI
also come on and stay
on for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for about
55 seconds. If the driver’s
belt is already buckled,
neither the tone nor the
light will come on.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks
the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The
light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bagsensors, the air bag
module, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag”
in the Index.
AIR
BAG
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to RUN
or START. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come onwhen you
start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes onwhen you
are driving, your air bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
Charging System Warning Light
I-+I
The charging system
warning light should come
on briefly when you turn on
the ignition, before starting
the engine, as a check to
show you it is working.
After the engine starts,the light should go out. If it stays
on or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with yourcharging system. It could indicatea
problem with the alternator drive belt, or some other
charging system problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this light is on could drain yourbattery.
If you must drive a short distance with this light on, it
helps to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
2-59
Voltmeter
9
19’
When your engine is not
running, but the ignition is
in the RUNposition, this
gage showsyour battery’s
state of charge in DC volts.
Readings in thelow warning zone may occur when a
large number of electrical accessories are operating in
the vehicle and,the engine is left at an idle for an
extended period. This condition is normal since the
charging system is not able to provide full power at
engine idle.As engine speeds are increased, this
condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds
allow the, charging system to create maximum power.
You can only drive fora short time with the reading in
either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off all
unnecessary accessories.
When the engine is running, the gage shows the
condition of the charging system. Readings between the
low and high warning zones indicate thenormal
operating range.
2-60
Readings in eitherwarning zone indicate a possible
problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon aspossible.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
BRAKE
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it
doesn’t come on then,have
it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s a
problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to thefloor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle”
in the Index.)
A CAUTION:
Your brake systemmay not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on.
Driving
on can lead
with the brake system warning light
to an accident. If the light
is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towedfor service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come onwhen you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
2-61
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
ANTI LOCK
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature.
If the light stays on, or comeson when you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regularbrake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See
“Brake System Warning Light” earlierin this part.
It also provides an indicator of how hard your vehicle is
working. During a majority of the operation the gage
will read 2 10O F ( 100” C) or less. If you are pulling a
load or going up hills, it is normal for the temperature to
fluctuate and approach the 260”F( 160°C)mark. If the
gage. reachesthe 260”F( 160°C)mark, it indicates that
the cooling system is working beyond its capacity.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual shows what to
do. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
2-62
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service
Engine Soon Light) (Gasoline Engine)
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD I1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. (In Canada, OBD I1 is replaced by
Enhanced Diagnostics.) The SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated
by the system before any problem is apparent, which
may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, aftera while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as
good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may
not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service is required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
2-63
If the LightIs Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
‘
If the LightIs On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Reduce vehicle speed.
Did you just put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoid hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. This will
allow fuel toevaporate into the atmosphere. A few
driving trips should turn the light off. .
Avoid steep uphill grades.
0
I
If towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being
hauled as soon as it ispossible.
If the light stops flashing andremains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the lightcontinues to flash, when it is.safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Put your vehicle -inPARK (P). Turn the
‘key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine.
If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light IsOn
Steady” following. If the light is still flashing followthe
previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealer or
qualified service center forservice.
2-64
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are’suckedinto the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this.Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sureto install the fuel cap properly. It
will take a few drivingtrips to turn the light off.
-
~~
~-
~~
~~
.
.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel (see
"Fuel" in the .Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine iswarmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience this condition, change the fuel brand
you use. It will require at least one fulltank of the
proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Oil Pressure Gage
0
\\
80
The oil pressure gage
shows the engine oil
pressure in psi (pounds
per square inch) when the
engine is running. Canadian
vehicles indicate pressure
in kPa (kilopascals).
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a
dangerously low oil level or other problem'causing low
oil pressure. Check your oil as soon as possible.
2-65
1
CAUTION:
Don't keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check youroil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light
This light will go on
whenever the DRL are on.
I NOTICE:
Damage to yourengine from neglected oil
problems can becostly and is not covered by
your warranty.
2-66
When itbegins to getdark, the DRL indicator light is a
reminder to turn on your headlamps.
Check Gages Light
Headlamp High-Beam Indicator Light
This light will come on
briefly when you are
starting the engine.
CHECK
GAGES
If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving,
it could indicate a problem with your vehicle. It could be
a problem with your oil pressure, coolant temperature,
or some other problem. Check your various gages to see
if they are in the warning zones. If they are, have your
vehicle serviced right away.
The high-beam indicator is
on whenever you use your
high-beam headlamps. For
more details about high
beams, see “Headlamp
HighLow Beam Changer”
earlier in this section.
Turn Signal and Lane Change
Indicator Lights
The signal indicator will
come on wheneveryou
signal a turn or lane change.
See “Turn Signal and Lane
Change Indicator’’ earlier in
this section.
2-67
Fuel Gage
1 -
When the ignition is on, the
fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have
left in your tank.
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
fuel gage indicated.For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacityto fill
the tank.
The gage movesa little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
The gage doesn’t go back to EMPTY (E) when you
turn off the ignition.
None of these indicate a problem with the fuel gage.
I
The gage will first indicate EMPTY(E) before you
are out of fuel, and you should get more fuel assoon
as possible.
Listed are foursituations you may experience with your
fuel gage:
At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL (F).
2-68
For information on how to fill your fuel tank, see
“Fuel -- Filling Your Tank” inthe Index.
For your fuel tank capacity, see “Fuel -- Tank Capacity”
in the Index.
For the diesel engine fuel gage, see your Diesel
Engine Supplement.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section you’ll findout how to operate the comfort
control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about theparticular systems supplied with
your vehicle.
Comfort Controls
Standard Climate Control System
Fan Knob
The knob on the left side of the heating system control
panel controls the fan speed. The knob has four speed
positions. To increase airflow, move the knob toward
HI. To decrease airflow, move it toward LO. To turn the
fan off, move the knob to OFF.
Temperature Knob
The middle knob on the control panel lets you select
the relative temperature of the air flowing intothe
passenger area of your vehicle. This knob will allow you
to adjust the relative air temperature independently of
the function knob setting. Move the knob clockwise
toward the red area for warmer air. Move the knob
counterclockwise toward the blue area for coolerair.
3-1
Mode Knob
Optional Climate Control System
The right knob on the control panel allows you to
choose the direction of air delivery. The controlknob
can be placed in any position between any two mode
settings toblend the flow of air.
+e
/J VENT This setting directs air through the
.+.
instrument panel outlets.
+
VENT/HEAT
’
Use this setting to divide airflow
between the floor outlets and instrument panel outlets.
+No
HEATER: This setting directs air through the
floor outlets.
w. DEFOG: This setting directs air to theheater
+fl
outlets and toward the windshield.
DEFROST This setting directs air toward
the windshield.
3-2
Fan Knob
The knob on the left side of the heating system control
panel controls the fan speed. The knob has four speed
positions. To increase airflow, move the knob toward
HI. To decrease airflow, move it toward LO. To turn the
fan off, move the knob to OFF. If you have the air
conditioner on, moving the fan knob to OFF also turns
off the A/C compressor.
Temperature Knob
The middle knob on the control pane-1lets you select
the relative temperature of the air flowing into
the
passenger area of your vehicle. This knob will allow you
to adj.ustthe relative air temperature independently of
the function knob setting, Move the knob clockwise
toward the red area for warmer air. Move the knob
counterclockwise toward the blue area forcooler air.
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating Systems
(Suburban) ’
If your vehicle has either orboth of these systems, you
can increase and decrease the airflow at the rear vents.
Depending on the system you have and the setting
selected, you can send cooled or heated air to the rear of
the vehicle.
Mode Knob
Rear Air Conditioning (Without Rear
Heater)
The right knob on the control panel allows you to
choose the direction of air delivery. The control knob
can be placed in anyposition between any two mode
settings to blend the flow of air.
If your vehicle has rear air conditioning (without rear
heater), the controls are located above the front and
second seats. The frontand rear overhead controls let
you increase and decrease the airflow at the rear vents.
+e
#
VENT This setting directs air through the
instrument panel outlets.
+e
+
VENTMEAT
’Use this setting to divide airflow.
To operate the rear air conditioning system, the front air
conditioning system must be on. With the front air
conditioning system off, the rear system controls can be
used to circulate airin the rear of the vehicle.
between the floor outlets and instrument panel outlets.
HEATER: This setting directs air through the
floor outlets.
w.DEFOG: This setting directs air to the heater
+#
outlets and toward the windshield.
9DEFROST This setting directs air toward
the windshield.
3-3
To operate the rear system using the front control, just
turn the knob to the blower position you want.
3-4
To use the rear control, first turn the front control knob
to REAR CNTL. Then, the rear control can be used to
increase and decrease the airflow.
Rear Heater (Without Rear AirConditioning)
If you have a rear heater
(without rear air
conditioning), the control
switch is located on the
instrument panel.
To increase and decrease the flow of heated air to the
rear floor vents, move the switch marked REAR HEAT
to the blower speed you want.
The knob has three speed positions. To increase the flow
of heated air, move the switch toward HIGH. To
decrease the flow of heated air, move it toward LOW. To
turn the fan off, move the switch to OFF.
Rear Air Conditioning andRear Heater
If your vehicle has the rear air conditioning and rear
heater system combination, controls are provided to
regulate temperature, location and speed of the airflow.
To adjust the air temperature,turn the temperature knob
on the right of the control panel.
For warmer air, turn the knob clockwise toward the red,
and for cooler air, turn the knob counterclockwise.
3-5
To regulate the airflow location, adjust the center knob
on the control panel. Turn the knob clockwise for floor
vent airflow or counterclockwise forheadliner vent
airflow. Generally, the upper vents are used for air
conditioning and the floor vents forheating. The control
knob can be set to any blend setting.
Air Conditioning
To adjust the aifflow speed, turn the fan control knob
on the left side of the control panel to the desired
blower setting.
The recirculation button, between the fan and temperature
knobs, allows the air inside your vehicle to be
recirculated. This setting helps to maximize your air
conditioner’s performance and your vehicle’s fuel
economy. This setting also cools the air the fastest and
can be used to keep unwanted odors and/or dust from
entering the vehicle. When using the air conditioner, turn
off recirculation after the vehicle reachesa comfortable
interior temperature. When the right knob on the control
panel is betweenHEATER and DEFROST, the
recirculation feature will not function.
To activate the rear control, movethe fan knob on the
front controlto REAR CNTL.
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
air inside escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner towork its best.
The A/C button, between the temperature and mode
knobs, allows the air coming into your vehicle to be
cooled. This setting is useful for normal cooling on hot
days. When you use A/C with the recirculation button
pushed in, turn off recirculation as soon as the vehicle
reaches a comfortable interior temperature.
The rear control works just like the front control. It will
allow second seat passengers to adjust the controls as
they desire.
With the A/C on, move the temperature knob to MAX
for maximum cooling. This setting also puts the system
in the recirculation mode and helps to maximize your air
conditioner’s performance and your vehicle’s fuel
economy. This setting also coolsthe air the fastest. After
the vehicle’s interior reaches a comfortable temperature,
move the temperature knob clockwise to place the air
conditioning system in the normal mode.
The heater works best if you keep your windows closed
while using it. On cold days, use the HEATER or
VENT/HEAT setting with the temperature knob in the
red area.
If you use the engine coolant heater before starting your
engine (in cold weather (20°F (-8OC) or lower), your
heating system will produce warmer air faster, to heat
the passenger compartment in coldweather.
Ventilation System
For mild outside temperature when little heating or
cooling is needed, use VENT to direct outside air
through your vehicle. Air will flow through the
instrument panel outlets.
Your vehicle’s ventilation system supplies outside
air to the inside of your vehicle when it is moving.
With the side windows closed, air will flow into the
front air inlet grilles, through the vehicle, and outthe
air exhaustvalves.
Outside air will also enterthe vehicle when the heateror
the air conditioning fan is running, unless you have the
recirculation button pushed in. For more information on
the recirculation button, see “Air Conditioning” earlier
in this section.
The use of anengine coolant heater also reduces the
time it takes for the engine to reach normal operating
temperature, and shortens the time it takes the heater to
reach full output. For more information, see “Engine
Coolant Heater” in the Index.
-
..
G
3-7
Ventilation Tips
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
Your vehicle has air outlets in the center and on the sides
of your instrumentpanel. You can move the outlets from
side to side orup and down to direct the flow of air, or
close theoutlets altogether. When you close an outlet, it
will increase the flow of air comingout of any outlets
that are open. Theseoutlets do not completely shut off
airflow when in a closed vent position.
3-8
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the
blower fan to HI for a few moments before driving.
This helps clearthe intake ducts of snow and
moisture, and reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps ,air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
Defogging and Defrosting
On cool, humid days, use DEFOG to keep the
windshield and side windows clear. Use DEFROST to
remove fog or ice from the windshield in extremely
humid or cold conditions. Use DEFROST with the
temperature knob toward the red area and the fancontrol
toward HI.
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
If you see lines running across the rear window,
you have the rear window defogger. The lineswarm
the glass.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
~
To turn on the rear window
defogger, press this button
next to the fan controlknob.
The rear window defogger
will only work if the
ignition switch is turned
to RUN. For best results,
first clear the window
of as much snow or ice
as possible.
The defogger will shut itself off after several minutes. If
you need additional warming time, press the button
again. You can turn the defogger off at any time by
pressing the button.
~~
~~~~
~~~
~
Don’t use a razor blade or something elsesharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
Audio Systems
Your Delco@ audiosystem has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first.Find out what your Delco system cando
and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
3-9
Setting the Clock for Systems without
Automatic Tone Control
AM-FM Stereo
Press SET. Within five seconds, press and hold the
SEEK right arrow until the correct minute appears on
the display. Press and hold the SEEK left arrow until the
correct hourappears on the display.
Setting the Clock for Systems with
Automatic Tone Control
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the
display. Press and hold MIN until the correct minute
appears on the display. To display the clock with the
ignition off, press RECALL and the time will be
displayed for a few seconds. There isan initial
two-second delay before the clock goes intothe
time-set mode.
3-10
Playing the Radio
VOLUME-BAL: Turn the knob clockwise to turn
the radio on and counterclockwise to turn it off. To
increase the volume, turn the knobclockwise. To
decrease the volume, turn the knob counterclockwise.
Display the time with the ignition off by pressing the
VOLUME-BAL knob. When the radio is playing,
press this button to recall the station frequency.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to get AM or FM.
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there.
In addition to the four stations set as above, upto three
additional stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two adjoiningbuttons at the same time. Just:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET.
3. Press two adjoiningbuttons at the same time, within
five seconds. Wheneveryou press the same two
buttons, the station you set will return.
SCAN: Press both SEEK buttons to listen to a few
seconds of each radio station. SCAN will light up onthe
display. Press the right arrow to tune in the next higher
station and press the left arrow to tune tothe next lower
station. Press VOLUME-BAL or both SEEK buttons to
stop scanning.
BASS: Slide this lever up to increase the bass.
PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations..You can set up to
14 stations (seven AM and seven FM).
TREB: Slide this lever up to increase the treble,
Slide the lever down to reducenoise with a weak or
noisy station.
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET.
3. Press and hold one of the four pushbuttons, within
five seconds. Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return.
4. Repeat these steps for eachpair of buttons.
Setting the Tone
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: The controlbehind the VOLUME-BAL knob
balances the sound between the right and left speakers.
FADE: The control behind the TUNE knob fades the
sound between the front and rear speakers.
m
3-11
Finding a Station
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(Option)
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to get AM or FM.
TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.
SEEK: Press this button and the radio will tune to the
next higher or lower station and stay there.
PUSHBUTTONS: The four numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set upto
14 stations (seven AM and seven FM).
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET.
7
Playing the Radio
3, Press and hold one of the four pushbuttons, within
five seconds.Whenever you press that numbered
button, the station you set will return.
VOLUME-BAL: Turn the knob clockwise toturn the
radio on and counterclockwise to turn it off. To increase
the volume, turn the knob clockwise. To decrease the
volume, turn the knob counterclockwise.
In addition to the fourstations set as above, up to three
additional stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two adjoiningbuttons at thesame time. Just:
RECALL: Display the time with the ignition off by
pressing the RECALL knob. When the radiois playing,
press this button to recall the station frequency.
2. Press SET.
1. Tune in the desired station.
3. Press two adjoining buttons at the same time, within
five seconds.Whenever you press the same two
buttons, the station you set will return.
4. Repeat these steps for each pair of buttons.
3-12
P.SCAN: Press both SEEK buttons to scan through each
of the preset stations. The systemwill scan through and
play each preset station stored onyour pushbuttons for a
few seconds. Press either SEEK button or RECALL
to
stop scanning through the preset stations.
Once the tapeis playing, use the knobs for VOLUME,
FADE and BAL just as
you do forthe radio.
Setting theTone
REV: Press the SEEK left arrow to reverse the cassette
tape. Press the SEEK right
q o w to stop reversing
the tape.
BASS: Slide this lever up to increasethe bass.
TREB: Slide this lever up to increasethe treble.
Slide the leverdown to reduce noise with a weak or
noisy station.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: The controlbehind the VOLUME-BAL knob
balances the sound between the right and left speakers.
FADE: The controlbehind the TUNE knob fadesthe
sound between the front and rear speakers.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
30 to 4.5 minutes long on each side.Tapes longer than
that are so thin they may not work well in this player.
FWD: Press the SEEK right arrow to advance
the
cassette tape. Press the SEEK left arrow to stop
forwarding the tape.
RECALL: Press this buttonto switch tape sides.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape or stop the
tape andplay the radio.
CLN: This messagemay appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape playerneeds to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should cleanit as soon as
possible to prevent damage to
your tapes andplayer.
See “Careof Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean theplayer, press and hold EJECT for
five secondsto reset the CLNindicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
3-13
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Automatic Tone Control (Option)
SCV: This is the Speed-Compensated-Volume (SCV)
knob. Move the control ring behind the
PWR-VOL knob
clockwise to adjust the SCV. Set the volume at the desired
level. As you drive, the SCV automatically increases the
volume, as necessary, to overcome road and wind noise at
any particular speed. The volume should always sound the
same. Each clockwise position on the control ring allows
for more compensationat a faster rate.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM 1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
Playing the Raddio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turnthis control clockwise toincrease the volume
and counterclockwise to decreasethe volume. The faster
the PWR-VOL knob isrotated, the quickerthe volume
is increased or decreased.
RECALL: Press this button to switch between the clock
and the radio station frequency displayed when the radio
is on. Also, press this button to display the time when
the ignition is off.
3-14
TUNE: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Rotate the knob clockwise to increase
frequency and counterclockwise to decrease frequency.
When finished tuning, press the knob again to return it
to its stored position.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower station
and stay there. The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press and hold SEEK for two seconds until
SCAN appears on the display. SCAN allows you to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The receiver will
continue to scan and momentarily stop at each station
until you press the button again. The sound will mute
while scanning.
AUTO TONE:Press this button to select among the
five preset equalization settings and tailor the sound to
the music or voice being heard. Each time you press the
button, the selection will switch to one of the preset
settings of CLASSIC, NEWS, ROCK, POP orJAZZ.
To return to the manual mode, press and release this
button'antil MAN appears on the display. This will
return the tone adjustment to the TREB and BASS
controls. If a TREB or BASS control is rotated, the
AUTO TONE setting will change to MAN.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2).
P.SCAN: The preset scan button lets you scan through
your favorite stations stored on your pushbuttons. Select
either the AM, FMl or FM2 mode and then press
P.SCAN. It will scan through each station stored on
your pushbuttons and stop for a few seconds before
continuing to scan through all of the pushbuttons.
Press P.SCAN again or one of the pushbuttons to stop
scanning to listen to a specific preset station. P.SCAN
will light up on the display while in this mode.If one of
the stations stored on a pushbutton is too weak for the
location you are in, the radio display will show the
channel number (PI-P6) for several seconds before
advancing to the next preset station.
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting theTone
2. Tune in thedesired station by pressing TUNE or the
SEEK left or right arrows.
BASS: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Turn the knob clockwise to increase the
bass and counterclockwise to decrease the bass. When
the BASS control is rotated, the AUTO TONE setting
will change to MAN.Push the knob back in to its stored
position when done.
3. Press AUTO TONE to select the setting you prefer.
4. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons.
5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button,
the station you set will return and the toneyou selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
TREB: Press lightly on the TREB knob to release it
from its stored position. Turn the knob clockwise to
increase the treble and counterclockwise to decrease the
treble. When the TREB control is rotated, the AUTO
TONE setting will change to MAN. Push the knob back
in to its stored position when done.
3-15
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this button to remove the control from its
stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust
sound to the right speakers and counterclockwise to
adjust sound to the left speakers. Press the button again
to return BAL to its stored position.
FADE: Press this button to remove the control from its
stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust the
sound to the front and counterclockwise forrear
speakers. Press the button again to return FADE to its
stored position.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than
that are so thin they may not work well in this player.
To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, press
EJECT or RECALL. Then, insert the cassette tape.
If the ignition is on but the radio is off, the tape will
begin playing.
The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is
metal or Cr02 and adjusts for best playback sound.
For metal tapes, the double-D symbol will appear on
the display.
3-16
Once the tape is playing, use the VOL, BAL, FADE,
TREB and BASS controls just as you do for the radio.
The tape symbol and a direction arrow will be on the
display whenever a tape is being played. Anytime a tape
is inserted, the top side is selected for play first.
PREV (1): Press the PREV or the SEEK left a r r w to
search for the previous selection. A minimum
three-second blank gap is required for the player to stop
at the beginning of the selection. The tape direction
arrow will blink during the SEEK operation.
PROG (2): Press this button to switch from one side of
the tape to the other.
NEXT (3): Press NEXT or the SEEK right arrow to
search for the next selection. A minimum three-second
blank gap is required for the player to stop at the
beginning of the selection. The tape direction arrow will
blink during the SEEK operation.
REV (4): Press this button to rapidly reverse the tape to
the beginning of the cassette reel or until you press REV
again. The radio will play the last selected station while
reversing the tape. The tape direction arrow will blink
during REV operation.
00 (5): Press this buttonto reduce cassette tape noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display while
the player is in this mode.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
FWD (6): Press this button to rapidly forward the tape
to the end of the cassette reel or until you press FWD
again. The radio will play the last selected station while
forwarding the tape, The tape direction arrow will blink
during FWD operation.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch from a tape
to the radio.
TAPE’AUX: Press this button to return to the tape
player. The lighted arrow will appear and show the
direction of play when a tape is in the active mode.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will now play. EJECT can be used with either the ignition
or radio off. To load a cassette tape with the ignition or
radio off, press EJECT before loading the cassette.
CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five secondsto reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
CD Adapter Kits
Although this is not a recommended practice, it is
possible to use a CD adapter kit with your cassette
tape player.
The adapter kit cassette should begin playing like a
regular audio cassette tape once inserted. If the cassette
immediately ejects, turn the radio off, turn the ignition on
and press and hold the TAPE AUX button until the tape
icon flashes on the display. Insert theadapter cassette
again. It will power up the radio and begin playing.
This override routine will remain active until the EJECT
button is pressed.
3-17
Playing a Compact Disc in the Single Remote
Disc Player
If you have this option, you can play one compact disc
(CD) at a time.
To load a CD into the player, hold the disc with the label
side up andinsert it carefully into the player
(approximately half way). The disc will automatically
be pulled into the player. If the radio isoff and the
ignition is on when a CD is inserted, the radio will turn
on andbegin playing the CD. It is possible to load and
unload CD’s with the ignition off. To load a disc with
the ignition off, press the EJECT button on the remote
player and then insert the disc. To remove the disc, press
the EJECT button and remoye the disc from the player.
A disc that has been ejected but is still sitting in the
remote CD player will be pulled back into the player
after approximately 30 seconds. This protects the disc
and player from damage. The disc will not start playing.
To remove the disc, press the EJECT button and remove
the disc from the player.
All of the compact discfunctions are controlled by the
radio buttons except for EJECT. When a disc is in the
player, a CD symbol will appear on the display. Whena
disc is playing, the letters CD will appear next to the CD
symbol in the bottom left corner. The track number will
also be displayed.
If the disc comes back out and ERR appears on the
display, it could be that:
0
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
There’s too much moisture in the air. (Wait about an
hour and try again.)
0
You are driving on a very rough road.
Please contact your dealer if any error recurs or cannot
be corrected.
TAPE AUX: With a disc loaded in the player and the
radio playing, press this button once to play the compact
disc. To return to playing the radio, press AM-FM. If
both a cassette tape and CD are loaded, press TAPE
AUX to switch between the tape and.compact disc.
SEEK: Press the left arrow while playing a CD to go
back to the start of the current track. It will go back to
the current track if more than eight seconds have played.
Press the left arrow again to go to previous tracks. Press
the right .arrow to go to the next higher track on the disc.
PREV (1): Press this button to go backto the start of the
current track if more than eight seconds have played. Press
PREV again to go to the previous track on the disc.
PROG (2): This button is active only when you have
the 12-disc changer.
NEXT (3): Press this button to advance to the next track
on the disc.
FWD (6): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track (song). As the CD advances, elapsed time
will be displayed to help you find the correct passage.
RANDOM: Press P.SCAN to enter the random play
mode. RANDOM will appear on the display. While in
this mode, the tracks on the discs will be played in
random order. If you press SEEK, PREVor NEXT
while in the random mode, the PREV or NEXT track
will be scanned randomly. Press P.SCAN again to turn
off RANDOM and return to normal operation.
EJECE Press thisbutton on the remote player to eject a
compact disc.
RECALL: Press this button tosee what track is
currently playing. Press RECALL again within five
seconds to see how long the track has been playing.
When a new track starts to play, the track number will
also appear. Press RECALL a third time and the time of
day will be displayed.
REV (4): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track (song). As the CD reverses, elapsed time
will be displayed to help you find the correct passage.
3-19
AM-FM Stereo with CompactDisc Player
and Automatic Tone Control (Option)
SCV This is the Speed-Compensated-Volume (SCV)
knob. Move the control ring behind the PWR-VOL
knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Set the volume at the
desired level. As you drive, the SCV automatically
increases the volume, as necessary, to overcome road
and wind noise at any particular speed. The volume
should always sound the same. Each clockwise position
on the control ring allows for more compensation at a
faster rate.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FMI
and EM2. The display will show your selection.
Playing the Radio
PWR-VOL: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turn this control clockwise to increase the volume
and counterclockwise to decrease the volume. The faster
the PWR-VOL knob is rotated, the quicker the volume
is increased or decreased.
RECALL: Press this button to switch between the clock
and the radio station frequency displayed when the radio
is on. Also, press this button to display the time when
the ignition is off.
3-20
TUNE: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Rotate the knob clockwise to increase
frequency and counterclockwise to decrease frequency.
When finished tuning, press the knob again to return it
to its stored position.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tuneto the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. There will be no sound when
using the SEEK feature.
SCAN: Press and hold SEEK for twoseconds until
SCAN appears on the display. SCAN allows you to
listen to stations for a few seconds. Thereceiver will
continue to scan and momentarily stop at each station
until you press the button again. There will be no sound
when using the SCANfeature.
2. Tune in the desired station by pressing TUNE or the
SEEK left or right arrows.
P.SCAN: The preset scan button lets you scan through
your favorite stations stored on your pushbuttons. Select
either the AM, FM 1 or FM2 mode and then press
P.SCAN. It will scan through each station stored on your
pushbuttons and stop for a few seconds before
continuing to scan through all of the pushbuttons. Press
P.SCAN again or one of the pushbuttons to stop
scanning to listen to a specific stored station. P.SCAN
will light up on the display while in this mode. If one of
the stations stored on a pushbutton is too weak for the
location you are in, the radio display will show the
channel number (P 1 -P6) for several seconds before
advancing to the next preset station.
3. Press AUTO TONEto select the setting you prefer.
Setting theTone
4. Press and hold one of the four pushbuttons.
AUTO TONE: Press this button to select among the
five preset equalization settings and tailor the soundto
the music or voice being heard. Each time you press the
button, the selection will switch to one of the preset
settings of CLASSIC, NEWS, ROCK, POP or JAZZ.
The display will show which mode the receiver is in. To
return to the manual mode, press and release this button
until MAN appears on the display. This will return the
tone adjustment to the TREB and BASS controls. When
a TREB or BASS control is rotated, tone is
automatically set to MAN.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
3-21
BASS: Press lightly on this knob to release it from its
stored position. Turn the knob clockwise to increase the
bass and counterclockwise to decrease the bass. When
the BASS control is rotated, the AUTO TONE setting
will change to MAN. Push the knob back in to its stored
position when done.
TREB: Press lightly on the TREB knob to release it
from its stored position. Turn the knob clockwiseto
increase the treble and counterclockwise to decreasethe
treble. When the TREB control is rotated, the AUTO
TONE setting will change to MAN. Push the knob back
in to its stored position when done.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this button to remove the control from its
stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust
sound to the right speakers and counterclockwise to
adjust sound to the left speakers. Press the button again
to return BAL to its stored position.
FADE: Press this button to remove the control from its
stored position. Turn the control clockwise to adjust the
sound to the front and counterclockwise for rear
speakers. Press the button again to return FADE to its
stored position.
3-22
Playing a CompactDisc
PWR: Press this knob to turn the system on.
(Please note that you can also turn the system on
when you insert a compact disc into the player with
the ignition on.)
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc
should play. CD and a CD symbol willalso appear on
the display. Anytime you are playing a CD, the letters
CD will be next to the CD symbol.
If the disc comes back out and ERR appears on the
display, it could be that:
0
You are driving on a very rough road. (The disc
should play when the road gets smoother.)
0
The disc is upside down.
0
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
0
The disc player is very hot.
Press RECALL tomake ERR go off the display.
P
RECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing.
Press it again within five seconds to seehow long the
CD has beenplaying that track. Elapsed time is
displayed in minutes and tenths of a second. The track
number will also appear when a new track begins to
play. Press RECALL again to return to the time display.
PREV (1): Press PREV or the SEEK left arrow to
search for the previous selection. If you hold this button
or press it more than once, the disc will advance further.
Sound is muted in thismode.
RDM (2): Press this button to play the tracks on the disc
in random (instead of 1, 2, 3. . .) order. While in the
RDM mode, RANDOM appears on the display. Press
RDM again to return to normal play.
NEXT (3): Press NEXT or the SEEK right arrow to
search for the next selection. If you hold this button or
press it more than once, the disc will advance further.
The next track numberwill appear on the display. Sound
is muted in thismode.
REV (4): Press and hold REV to return rapidly to a
favorite passage. You will hear the disc selection play at
high speed while you press the REV button. This allows
you to listen and find out when the disc is at the desired
selection. Release REV to resume playing.
FWD (6): Press and hold this button to advance rapidly
within a track. You will hear the disc selection play at
high speed while you press the FWD button. This allows
you to listen and find out when the disc is at the desired
selection. Release FWD to resume playing.
AM-FM: While in the CD mode, press this button to
stop playing the CD and play the radio. The CDsymbol
will still display but the word CD will be replaced with
either AM, FMl or FM2. (If the radio is turned off, the
disc stays in the player and will resume playing at the
point where it stopped.)
CD AUX: To switch between the player and the radio
when a disc is playing, press the AM-FM button. To
return to the player, press CD AUX. When a discis
playing, the letters CD and the CD symbol will appear
on the display. (If the radio is turned off, the disc stays
in the player and will resume playing at the point where
it stopped.)
EJECT: Press this button to eject the disc from the
player and play the radio. When the same or anew disc
is inserted, the disc will start playing on track one. If a
compact disc is left sitting in the opening for more than
a few seconds, the player will pull the CD back in. The
radio will continue playing. When the ignition is off,
press this button to load a CD.
3-23
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The instructions which follow, explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
3-24
1 . Write down any three or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
secret code number which you have written down.
5. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
6. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP to let you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. The
indicator by the volume control will begin flashing
when the ignition is turned off.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After
a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows;pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or
RUN position.
2. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC shows on the display.
4. Press HR to make the first one ortwo digits agree
with your code.
4. Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.
5 . Press AM-FM after yod have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is
now operable and secure.
If you enter the wrong.code eight times, INOP will
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you can try again. When you
try again, you will only have three chances toenter the
correct code before INOP appears.
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
5. Press MN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
6. Press .HR to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show ---,indicating that the radiois
no longer secured.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio'will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is disconnected from a secured
radio, the radio won't turn on and LOC will appear on
the display.
To unlock a secured radio, see “Unlockingthe
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss” earlier in
this section.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
NOTICE:
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 krn). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
--
the sound to come and go.
AM
’
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever getit.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to asafe
sound levelbefore your hearing adapts toit.
3-26
Before youadd any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add
what you want.If you can, it’s veryimportant to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s
engine, Delco radio or other systems, and even
damage them. Your vehicle’s systems mayinterfere
with the operation of sound equipmentthat has
been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and besure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio andtelephone units.
I
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly 9r may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLNto indicate
that you have used yourtape player for50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If you notice a reduction in
sound quality,try a known good cassette to see if the tape
or the tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.
Cleaning.may be done witha scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape headas the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
It is normal for the cassette to eject while cleaning
because your unitis equipped with a cut tape feature.
To temporarily override this feature (for one insertion),
turn the radio off and press and hold TAPE AUX until
the tape symbol flashes on the display, then insert the
cassette again.Insert the cassette at least three times to
ensure thorough cleaning. A scrubbing action cleaning
cassette is availablethrough your GM dealer.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. Thistype of cleaning cassette willnot
eject. It may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing
type cleaner.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time.Always make sure that the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
3-27
Care of Your Compact Discs
Fixed Mast Antenna
.Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or otherprotective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most vehicle
washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever
become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand,
If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you
should replace it.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edgesor the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened to the cowl.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Here you’ll find information about driving on different
kinds of roads and i n varying weather conditions. We’ve
also included many other useful tips on driving.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
4-1
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safetyproblem
is forpeople never to drink alcohol and then drive. But
what if people do? How much is “too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needsto drive
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Judgment
0
0
MuscularCoordination
Vision
0
.
I
The drinker’s body weight
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
0
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
Attentiveness.
Police records showthat almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths arethe result of someone who wasdrinking
and driving. In recent years, some 18,000annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associatedwith the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates,nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink qlcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There aregood medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
4-2
The amount of alcohol consumed
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour willend up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reachthe
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or threemixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
Since alcoholis carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her samebody weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states setsthe legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limitis 0.08 percent. In some
other countries,it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial driversin the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three tosix
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at aBAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC levelof
0.06 percent has doubled hisor her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC levelof 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chanceis 25 times greater!
4-3
The body takes about an hourto rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink.No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll becareful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts intothe street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to reactquickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cordor
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
!
4-4
Drinking and thendriving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment canbq affected by even a smallamount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -9 or even
fatal collision if you drive afterdrinking.
Please don’t drink and driveor ride with adriver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
--
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involvesperception time and reaction time.
First, you have to decide topush on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time.Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction timeis about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two orthree seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugsand
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 k m h ) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the condition of your brakes.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask moreof those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
4-5
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drivein
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops.Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
Ilf your engine ever stops while you’re driving,brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may getharder to push down.If your engine
sto’ps,you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it‘may take longer to stop andthe brake pedal
will be harder to push.
4-6
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
ANTI LOCK
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light”in
the Index.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computeris programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
4-7
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get yourfoot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance.If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time toapply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lockwork for you. You may feel the brakes
vibrate, or you may notice somenoise, but this is
normal. On vehicles with four-wheel drive, your
anti-lock brakes wark at all times -- whether you are
in two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steerand brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops .or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more eftort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same lawsof physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor
you can control.
’
Suppose you’re steering througha sharp curve. Thenyou
suddenlyaccelerate. Both control systems -- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demandtoo
much of those places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Easeup on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, andslow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and roadconditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, whileyour front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering.in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, ora child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problemsby braking -- if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasiveaction -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can petformvery well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.’(See “Braking in
Emergencies” ,earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steeraround the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
4-9
Off-Road Recovery
You m find sometime that your right wheels have
droppe off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re ,Iriving.
1
An emergency like this,requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations arealways
possible is a good reason to practice defensivedriving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-10
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease
off the
accelerator and then,if there is nothing in the way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edgeof the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarterturn until the
right front tire contactsthe pavement edge. Thenturn your
steering wheelto go straight down the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to passanother on a
two-lane highway waitsfor justthe right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is apotentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane asoncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a briefsurrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to facewith the
worst of all trafficaccidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
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0
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all rightto pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
Do not get too close to the vehicleyou want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area
of
vision, especially if you’re followinga larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate spaceif the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep backa
reasonable distance.
When it looks likea chance to pass is comingup,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane anddon’t
get too close. Time your
move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass,you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. Andif
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for anotheropportunity.
If other cars arelined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out topass the slow vehicle.
Remember toglance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-11
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and
start your left lane changesignal before moving out
of the right lane to pass.,Whenyou are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that if
your right outside mirror is convex,the vehicle you
just passed may seem to be ,farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicleat a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
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Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver toget ahead of you. Perhaps you
can easea little to the right.
Loss of Control
\\
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to dowhat the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger. __
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose controlof the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three controlsystems: In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing yourfoot off the accelerator pedal.
4-12
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice orpacked snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface’’ -- and
slow down when you have any doubt.
Driving Guidelines
This multipurpose passenger vehicle is defined as a
utility vehicle in Consumer Information Regulations
issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) of the United States
Department of Transportation. Utility vehicles have
higher ground clearance and anarrower track to make
them capable of performing in a wide variety of off-road
applications. Specific design characteristics give them a
higher center of gravity than ordinary cars. An
advantage of the higher ground clearanceis a better
view of the road allowing you to anticipate problems.
They are not designed for cornering at the same speeds
as conventional two-wheel-drive vehicles any morethan
low-slung sports carsare designed to perform
satisfactorily under off-road conditions.If at all
possible, avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers.
As with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate
this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or
vehicle rollover.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-13
Off-Road Driving withYour
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicle
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have
four-wheel drive.
Also, see “Anti-Lock Brakes’’ in the Index.
If your vehicle doesn’t have four-wheel drive, you
shouldn’t drive off-road unless you’re on a level,
solid surface.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is the
terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you’ve leftthe great North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes aren’t
marked. Curves aren’t banked. There are noroad signs.
Surfaces canbe slippery, rough, uphill or downhill. In
short, you’ve gone right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that’s
why it’s very important that you read this guide. You’ll
find many driving tips and suggestions. These’willhelp
make your off-road driving safer and more enjoyable.
4-14
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are somethings to do before you go out. For
example, be sure to have all necessary maintenance and
service work done. Check to make sure all underbody
shields (if so equipped) are properly attached. Be sure
you read all the information about your
four-wheel-drive vehicle in this manual. Is there enough
fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid levels
up where they should be? What are the local laws that
apply to off-roading where you’ll bedriving? If you
don’t know, you should check with law enforcement
people in the area. Will you be on someone’s private
land? If so, be sure toget the necessary permission.
Loading’Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving
There are someimportant things to remember about
how to load your vehicle.
0
The heaviest things should be on the load floor and
forward of your rear axle. Put heavier items as far
forward as you can.
Be sure the load is secured properly, so driving on
the off-road terrain doesn’t toss things around.
Environmental Concerns
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0
Cargo on the load floor piled higher than
the seatbacks can be thrown forward
during a sudden stop. You or your
passengers could be injured. Keep cargo
below the top of the seatbacks.
Unsecured cargo on the load floor can be
tossed about when driving over rough
terrain. You or your passengers can be
struck by flying objects. Secure the
cargo properly.
Heavy loads on the roof raise the vehicle’s
center of gravity, making it more likely to
roll over.You can be seriously or fatally
injured if the vehicle rolls over. Put heavy
loads inside the cargo area,not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area asfar forward
and low as possible.
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and satisfying
recreation. However, it also raises environmental
concerns. GM recognizes these concerns and urges
every off-roader to follow these basic rules for
protecting the environment:
0
Always use established trails, roads and areas that
have been specially set aside for public off-road
recreational driving; obey all posted regulations.
0
Avoid any driving practice that could damagethe
environment -- shrubs, flowers, trees, grasses -- or
disturb wildlife (this includes wheel-spinning,
breaking down trees or unnecessary driving through
streams or over soft ground).
0
Always carry a litter bag -- make sure all refuse is
removed from any campsite before leaving.
Take extreme care with open fires (where permitted),
camp stoves and lanterns.
0
Never park your vehicle over dry grass or other
combustible materials that could catch fire fromthe
heat of the vehicle’s exhaust system.
You’ll find other important information in this manual.
See “Vehicle Loading,” “Luggage Carrier” and “Tires”
in the Index.
4-15
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going
to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan your route.
You are much less likely to get bad surprises. Get
accurate maps of trails and terrain. Try to learn of any
blocked or closed roads.
It’s also a good idea to travel with at least one other
vehicle. If something happens to one of them, the other
can helpquickly.
Does your vehicle have a winch? If so, be sure to read
the winch instructions. In a remote area, a winch can be
handy if you get stuck. But you’ll want to know how to
use itproperly.
Controlling your vehicle is the keyto successful
off-road driving. Oneof the best waysto control your
vehicle is to control your speed. Here are some things to
keep in mind. At higher speeds:
you approach things faster and you have less time to
scan the terrain, forobstacles.
0
you have less time to react.
0
you have more vehicle bounce when you drive
over obstacles.
0
you’ll need more distance for braking, especially
since you’re on an unpaved surface.
Getting Familiar withOff-Road Driving
It’s a good idea topractice in an area that’s safe and
close to home before you go into the wilderness.
Off-road driving does require some new and different
driving skills. Here’s what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your
eyes, for example,need to constantly sweep the terrain
for unexpected obstacles, Your ears need to listen for
unusual tire or enginesounds. With your arms,hands,
feet andbody, you’ll need to respond to vibrations and
vehicle bounce.
4-16
When you’re driving off-road, bouncing and
quick changes in directioncan easily throw you
out of position. This could cause you to lose
control and crash.So, whether you’re driving on
or off the road, you and your passengers should
wear safety belts.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different kinds
of terrain. You need to be familiar with the terrain and its
many different features. Here are some thingsto consider.
Surfiuce Conditions. Off-roading can take you over
hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand, mud, snowor
ice. Each of these surfaces affectsthe steering, acceleration
and braking of your vehicle in different ways. Depending
upon the kind of surfaceyou are on, you may experience
slipping, sliding, wheel spinning, delayed acceleration,
poor traction and longer braking distances.
&$ace Obstacles. Unseen or hidden obstacles can be
hazardous. -Arock, log, hole, rut or bump can startleyou if
you’re not prepared for them. Often these obstacles are
hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
0
Is the path ahead clear?
Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
0
Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
(There’s more discussion of these subjects later.)
0
Will you have to stop suddenly or change
direction quickly?
When you drive over obstacles orrough terrain, keep a
firm grip onthe steering wheel. Ruts, troughs or other
surface features canjerk the wheel out of your hands if
you’re not prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or otherobstacles,
your wheels can leave the ground. If this happens, even
with one or twowheels, you can’t control the vehicle as
well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it’s
especially importantto avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns or’sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requiresa different kind of
alertness from drivingon paved roads and highways.
There are no road signs, posted speed limits or signal
lights. You have to use your own good judgment about
what is safe andwhat isn’t.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on any
road. And this is certainly true for off-road driving. At
the very time you need special alertness and driving
skills, your reflexes, perceptions and judgment canbe
affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You could
have a serious -- or even fatal -- accident if you drink
and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See “Drunken Driving” in the Index.
4-17
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down or across a
hill. Driving safely on hills requires good judgment and
an understanding of what your vehicle can andcan’t do.
There are some hills thatsimply can’t be driven, no
matter how well built the vehicle.
I
11 A CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep
forany vehicle. If
will stall. If you drive
you drive up them, you
down them, you can’t control your speed. If you
You could be
drive across them, you will roll over.
seriously injured or killed. If you have any doubt
about the steepness, don’t drive the
hill.
incline with only a small change in elevation where you
can easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill, the
incline may get steeper as you near the top, but you may
not see this because the crest of the hill is hidden by
bushes, grass or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as you approach
a hill.
0
Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get sharply
steeper in places?
0
Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the
surface cause tire slipping?
0
Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you
won’t have to make turning maneuvers?
0
Are there obstructions on the hill that canblock your
path (boulders, trees, logs or ruts)?
0
What’s beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and walkthe
hill if you don’t know. It’s the smart way to find out.
0
Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often have
ruts, gullies, troughs and exposed rocks because they
are more susceptible to the effects of erosion.
Approaching a Hill
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it’s one
of thos’ehills that’s just too steep to climb, descend or
cross. Steepness canbe hard to judge. Ona very small
hill, for example, theremay be a smooth, constant
4-18
Dri-vingUphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill, you
need to take some special steps.
Use a low gear and get a firm grip onthe
steering wheel.
Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain
your speed. Don’t use more power than you need,
because you don’t want your wheels to start spinning
or sliding.
Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible. If
the path twists and turns, you might want to find
another route.
7
-
~~
A CAUTION:
Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more visible
to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill to
let opposing traffic know you’re there.
Use your headlamps even during the day. They make
you more visible to oncoming traffic.
A CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest)
of a hill at full speed can
cause an accident. Therecould be a drop-off,
embankment, cliff, or even another vehicle. You
could be seriously injured orkilled. As you near
the topof a hill, slow downand stay alert.
Turning or driving across steephills can be
dangerous. You could losetraction, slide
sideways, and possibly roll over. You could be
seriously injured orkilled. When driving uphills,
always try to go straight up.
Ease up on your speed as you approach the top
of the hill.
4-19
e.”
What should I do if my vehicle stalls, oris about
to stall, and I can’t make it up the hill?
A:
If this happens, there are some things you should
do, and there are some things you must not do.
First, here’s what you should do:
Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and
keep it fromrolling backwards. Also, apply the
parking brake.
0
0
0
If your engine is still running, shift the transmission
to REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back down the hill in REVERSE (R).
If your engine has stopped running, you’ll need to
restart it. With the brake pedal depressed and the
parking brake still applied, shiftthe transmission to
PARK (P) and restart the engine. Then,shift to
REVERSE (R), release theparking brake, and’
slowly back down the hill as straight as possible in
REVERSE (R).
As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand
on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock‘position. This
way, you’ll be able to tell if your wheels are straight
and maneuver as you back down. It’s best that you
back down the hill with your wheels straight rather
than in the left or right direction. Turning the wheel
too far to the left or right will increase the possibility
of a rollover.
Here are some things you must nut do if you stall, or are
about to stall, when going up a hill.
0
Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into
NEUTRAL (N) to “rev-up” the engine and regain
forward momentum.This won’t work. Your vehicle
will roll backwards very quickly and you could go
out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the
vehicle. Then apply the parking brake. Shift to
REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back straight down.
,e Never attempt to turn around if you are about to stall
when going up a hill. If the hill is steep enough to
stall your vehicle, it’s steep enough to cause you to
roll over if you turn around. If you can’t make it up
the hill, you must back straight down the hill.
4-20
Y
Dppse, after stalling, I try to back down the
kill PRd decide I just can’t do it. What should
I d@7
!!kt €heparking brake, put your transmission in
PARK (P) and turn off the engine. Leavethe
A
V @ k k and go get some help. Exit on the uphill
.ri& gild stay clear of the path the vehicle would
tf it rolled downhill. Do not shift the transfer
*n
NEUTRAL (N) when you leave the vehicle.
‘t in some gear.
$1
3 the transfer case to NEUTRAL (N)
BBH CiWslj@your vehicle to roll even if the
fFtW8ftlj58ion is in PARK (P). This is because the
N E u T u L (N) position on thetransfer case
@V@PfkkSthe transmission. If you are going to
h V f 3 pi4r vehicle, set the parking brake and
hi!transmission to PARK (P). But do not
§hi##€hi! transfer case to theNEUTRAL (N)
pl iOR8 Leave the transfer case in the 2 Wheel,
4 1 ah 01: 4 LOW position.
-
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you’ll want to
consider anumber of things:
How steep i s the downhill? Will I be able to maintain
vehicle control?
0 What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery?
Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts? Logs?
Boulders?
What’s at the bottom of the hill? Is there a hidden
creek bank or even a river bottom with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then try to
keep your vehicle headed straight down, and use alow
gear. This way, engine drag can help your brakes and
they won’t have to do all the work. Descend slowly,
keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
A CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going downa hill can cause
your brakes to overheat and fade. This could cause
loss of control and a serious accident. Applythe
brakes lightly when descendinga hill and use a low
gear to keep vehicle speedunder control.
4-21
Q:
A:
0
0
Are there some things I should not do when
driving downa hill?
Yes! These are importantbecause if you
ignore them you could losecontrol and have a
serious accident.
When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you
across the incline of the hill. A hill that’s not too
steep to drive down may be too steep to driveacross.
You could roll over if you don’t drive straight down.
Never godownhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called“free-wheeling.” Your
brakes will have to do all the work and could
overheat and fade.
4-22
Q:
A:
Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
It’s much more likely to happen going uphill. But if
it happens goingdownhill, here’s what to do.
0
Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes.
Apply the parking brake.
0
Shift toPARK (P) and, while still braking, restart
the engine.
0
Shift back to a low gear, release the parking brake,
and drive straight down.
a If the engine won’t start, get out and get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go across
the incline of a.hill. If this happens, you have to decide
whether to try to drive across the incline. Here are some
things to consider:
0
0
A hill that can be driven straight up or down may be
too steep to drive across. When you go straight. upor
down a hill, the length of the wheel base (the
distance from the front wheels to the rear wheels)
reduces the likelihood the vehicle will tumble end
over end. But when you drive across an incline, the
much more narrow track width (the distancebetween
the left and right wheels) may not prevent the vehicle
from tilting and rolling over. Also, driving across an
incline puts more weight on the downhill wheels.
This could cause a downhill slide or a rollover.
Surface conditions can be a problem when you drive
across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots, or even wet
grass can cause your.tires to slip sideways, downhill.
If the vehicle slips sideways, it can hit something
that will trip it (a rock, a rut, etc.) and roll over.
0
Hidden obstacles can make the steepness ofthe incline
even worse. If you drive across a rock withthe uphill
wheels, or if the downhill wheelsdrop into a rut or
depression, your vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these,you need to decide carefully
whether to try to drive across an incline. Just because the
trail goes across the incline doesn’t meanyou have to
drive it. The last vehicleto try it might have rolled over.
.
A CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that’s too
steep will
make your vehicle roll over.You could be
If you have any doubt
seriously injured or killed.
about the steepnessof the incline, don’t drive
across it. Find another route instead.
4-23
turn downhill. Thisshould help straighten out the
vehicle and prevent the side slipping. However, a
much better way to prevent this is to get out and
“walk the course’’ so you know what the surface is
like before you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you’re crossing an incline, be
sure you (and your passengers) get out on the uphill
side, even if the door there is harder to open. If you get
out on the downhill side and the vehicle starts to roll
over, you’ll be right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the path
the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
Getting out on the downhill (low) side
of a vehicle
stopped across an incline is dangerous.
If the
vehicle rolls over, you’could be crushed or killed.
of the
Always get out on the uphill (high) side
vehicle and stay well clear of the rollover path.
4-24
When you drive in mud, snow or sand, your wheels
won’t.get good traction. You can’t accelerate as
quickly, turning is more difficult, and you’ll need
longer,braking distances.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction.
On these surfaces, it’s very easy to lose control.On wet
ice, for example, the traction is so poor that you will
have difficulty accelerating. And if you do getmoving,
poor steering and difficult braking can cause you to slide
out of control.
It’s best to usea low gear when you’re in mud -- the
deeper the mud, thelower the gear. In really deep mud,
the idea is to keep your vehicle moving so you don’t
get stuck.
I A CAUTION:
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow orIce
When you drive on sand, you’ll sense a changein wheel
traction. But it will depend upon how loosely packed the
sand is. On loosely packed sand (as on beaches or sand
dunes) your tires will tend to sink into the sand. Thishas
an effect on steering, accelerating and braking. You may
want to reduce the air pressure in your tires slightly
when’driving on sand. This will improve traction.
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds orrivers can be
dangerous. Underwater springs, currents under
the ice, or sudden thaws can weaken the ice.
Your
vehicle could fall through the ice and you and
your passengers could drown. Drive
your vehicle
on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
A CAUTION:
Light raincauses no special off-road drivingproblems.
But heavy rain can mean flash flooding,and flood
waters demand extreme caution.
Driving through rushing water can
be dangerous.
Deep water cansweep your vehicle downstream
and you and your passengers could drown. If it’s
only shallow water, it can still wash awaythe
ground from underyour tires, andyou could lose
traction and roll the vehicle over. Don’tdrive
through rushingwater.
Find outhow deep the water is before you drive through
it. If it’s deep enough to coveryour wheel hubs, axlesor
exhaust pipe, don’t try it -- you probably won’t get
through. Also, water that deep can daniageyour axle
and othervehicle parts.
If the water isn’t too deep, then drivethrough it slowly.
At fast speeds, water splashes on your ignition system
and yourvehicle can stall.Stalling can also occurif you
get your tailpipeunder water. And, as long asyour
tailpipe is under water, you’ll never be able tostart
your engine. When you go through water, remember
that when your brakes get wet, it may take you longer
to stop.
L
See “Driving ThroughWater” in the Indexfor more
information on driving through water.
After Off-Road Driving
Driving at Night
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on the
underbody, chassis or under the hood. These
accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake linings
cleaned and checked. These substances can cause
glazing and uneven braking. Check the body structure,
steering, suspension, wheels, tires and exhaust system
for damage. Also, check the fuel lines and cooling
system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service dueto
off-road use. Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule for
additional information.
Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likelyto be impaired -- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems,or by fatigue.
Here are-sometips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t ,drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare fromheadlamps behind you. .
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
0
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see aswell at night as in the daytime. But as
we get olderthese differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can alsoaffect your night
vision. For example,if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.Your eyes will
4-28
have less trouble adjusting to night. But,if you’re
driving, don’twear sunglasses at.night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or avehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
Driving in Rain andon Wet Roads
Rai,n and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop,accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for drivingon dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start ro separate
from the inserts.
4-29
Driving too fastthrough large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one
side. You could lose controlof the vehicle.
After driving through
a large puddle of water or
a vehicle wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakeswork normally.
4-30
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. ’
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through
deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
. engine. Never drive through water that
is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you- ..
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires haven’t muchtread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. Ifyou can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
~
z
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Besides slowing down,allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-31
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in citydriving:
e Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your tripinto an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
One ofthe biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing andpay attention to
traffic signals.
4-32
0
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, ‘‘Freeway Driving.”)
0
Treat a green light as awarning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before you
start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge.into the gap at closeto
the prevailing speed. Switchon your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
Once you are moving onthe freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leavethe freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit rampcan be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
4-33
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things
you can check beforea trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to.your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend
to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
0
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready.Try to be well rested.If you
0
must startwhen you’re not fresh
-- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey.Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drivein.
,
.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip?
If you keep it
0
serviced and maintained, it’s ready
togo. If it needs
service, have it done before starting Of
out.course,
you’ll find experienced and able service expertsGM
in
dealers all across North America. They’ll be ready and 0
willing to help if you needit.
4-34
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated
to the
recommended .pressure?
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook .
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call
it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along withthe hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does,your vehicle can leave the
road in 2ess than a second, and you could crashand
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat orrolling terrain.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness onthe highway as
an emergency.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable. (See “Off-Road
Driving” in the Index for information about driving
off-road.)
4-35
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transmission. These parts can work hardon
mountain roads.
Know how to go down’hills. The
most important
thing to know is this: let your enginedo some of the
slowing down. Shift to’alower gearwhen you go
down a steep or longhill.
-
A CAUTION:
b
-
A -CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakescould
getso hot that they wouldn’t work well. You
would then have poor braking oreven none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift,down to let
your engine assist your brakeson a steep
downhill,slope.
I
I
Coasting downhill inNEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Yourbrakes w
l
ihave to
do all the work of slowing down. They could getso
hot that they wouldn’t workwell. You would then
have.poor braking or even none going downa hill.
You could crash.Always have your enginerunning
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission,and you can. climbthe hill better.
f Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the centerof the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over thetop of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like
a stalled car oriin accident.
You may see highway signson mountains that warnof
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-36
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will,
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help providetraction. Be sure you properly secure
these items inyour vehicle.
4-37
Driving on Snow or Ice
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.”
Very cold
snow or ice can be slick
and hard to drive on.But wet
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet theice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
road probably have good traction.
least tractionof all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and freezing (32 O F ; 0 O C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
the mad, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll Try to avoid driving on
wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
have .a lot l’ess traction
or’“grip” and will need to be
very c ueful .
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow-- drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Trynot to break the fragile traction. If
you accelerate too fast,the drive wheels will spin and
polish the surface under the tires even
more..
4-38
Your anti-lock brakes improve yourvehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve oran overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not tobrake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could bein a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know forsure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to doto summonhelp and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-39
a Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
a Put on extra.clothing or wrap ablanket around you.
Pf you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keepwarm.
4-40
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
r
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This cancause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside.CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it orsmell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around thebase of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again fromtime to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, makeit go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and itkeeps the
battery (or batteries) charged. You will need a
well-charged battery (or batteries) to restart the vehicle,
and possibly for signaling later onwith your headlamps.
Let the heater run for awhile.
If you have a diesel engine, you may have to run it at a
higher speed to get enough heat. Then, shut the engine
off and close the window almost all the way to preserve
the heat. Start the engine again and repeat this only
when you feel really uncomfortable from the cold.But
do it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long asyou
can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle
and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or
so until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
\
SEE OWNER'S
nuna - n
MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
The Certification/Tire label.is found on the rear edge of
the driver's door.
The label showsthe size of your original tires and the
inflation pressuresneeded to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
4-41
The CertificationRire label also tells
you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross Axle
Weight Rating(GAWR). To find out the actual loads on
your frontand rear axles,you need togo toa weigh
station andweigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help
you with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally
on
both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do havea heavy load,you should spread
it out.
A CAUTION:
I
Do not load your vehicle'any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
G A M . If you do, parts on your vehicle can break,.
or it can changethe way your vehicle handles.
These could cause youto lose control. Also,
overloading can shorten thelife of your vehicle.
'
Using heavier suspensioncomponents to get added
durability might notchange your weight ratings. Ask
your dealer to help
you load your vehicle the right way.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not coverparts or
components that failbecause of overloading.
If you put things insideyour vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages,or anything else -- they go as fast as the
vehicle goes.If you have to stop orturn quickly, or if
there is a crash, they'll keep going.
4-42
I
A CAUTION:
Towing a Trailer
-
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injurepeople in .a sudden stopor turn, or
in a crash.
Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle.
l k y to spreadthe .weight evenly.
Never stack heavierthings, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When-you carry somethinginside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
/I
If you don’t use the correct equipmentand drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the traileris too heavy, the
brakes may not work well or even at all. You
and your passengerscould be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your GM dealer for
advice and information abouttowing a trailer
with your vehicle.
--
There’s also important loading information for off-road
driving in this manual. See “Loading Your Vehicle’’ in
the Index.
4-43
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can’ damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered
by
your warranty.TOpull a trailerr dorrectly, follow
GM dealer
the advice in this part, and see your
for important informationabout towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-44
Every vehicle is ready for some trailer towing. If yours
was built with trailering options, as many are, it’s ready
for heavier trailers. But trailering is different than just
driving yourvehicle by itself, Trailering means changes
in handling, durability and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these areimportant for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
,
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
0
There are many different laws, includingspeed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig willbe legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll bedriving. A good source for this
information can be state orprovincial police.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
the weight of the trailer tongue
and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature andhow much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipmentthat you have on your vehicle.
0
Consider using a sway control if your trailer will
weigh 4,000 lbs. (1 800 kg) or. less. You should
always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh
more than 4,000 lbs. (1 800 kg). You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all duringthe first 500 miles
(800 km)your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km)that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 kmk)and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming the
driver and one passenger are in the tow vehicle andit
has all the required trailering equipment. The weight of
additional optionalequipment, passengers and cargoin
the tow vehicle must be subtracted from the maximum
trailer weight.
0
If you have an automatic transmission, you can tow
in OVERDRIVE (OD). You may want to shift the
transmission to DRIVE (D) or, if necessary, a lower
gear selection if the transmission shifts too often
(e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly conditions).
Above the 2,000 lbs. (908 kg) trailer rating, the
engine oil cooler required
is
on C/K- 1500 models with
5.7L engine and C/K-2500Suburban models with
5.7L engine and 3.73 axle ratio.
Use the followingchart to determine how much your
vehicle canweigh, based upon your vehicle model
and options.
4-45
\
Axle Ratio
Vehicle
C-1500 (2WD)
Utility
3.08
3.42
3.73
K- 1500 (4WD)
Utility
3.42
3.73
C-1500 (2WD)
3.42
Suburban
3.73
K- 1500 (4WD)
Suburban
3.73
3.73
C-2500 (2WD)
3.73
Suburban
4.10
K-2500 (4WD)
Suburban
4.10
4-46
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write
us at the address listedin your
5,000 lbs.(2 270kg)Warranty
and OwnerAssistanceInformationBooklet.
6,000lbs.(2724kg)InCanada,
write to:
7,000 lbs. (3 178 kg)
General Motors of Canada Limited
Max. Trailer Wt.
5,500 lbs. (2 497 kg)
6,500 lbs. (2 951 kg)
5,500 lbs. (2 497 kg)
6,500 lbs.(2 95 1 kg)
5,000 lbs.(2 270 kg)
6,000 lbs. (2 724 kg)
kg)
6,000 lbs. (2 724
7,500.1bs. (3 405 kg)
7,000 lbs. (3 178 kg)
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer
is an important.
weight to measure becauseit affects the total or gross
weight of,your vehicle. TheGross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight
.of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry init, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you
must add the tongue load
to theGVW because your
vehicle will be carryingthat weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).If you’re using a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh
12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight
(B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If theyaren’t, you may be able to
get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the 1imit.for
cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the Certification
label at the rear edge
of the driver’s door or see “Tire
Loading” in the Index. Then be sure you don’t go over
the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight
of
the trailer tongue.
A
B
I
4-47
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going
by and rough roads are a
few reasonswhy you’ll need the righthitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
0
..
0
Safety Chains
You should alwaysattach chains between yourvehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer,so that thetongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated fromthe hitch. Instructions
about .safety chains
may be provided by the hitch
If you use a step-bumper hitch,your bumper could
manufacturer orby the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
be damaged in sharp turns. Make sure
you have
ample room when turning to avoid contact between manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and donot attach them to thebumper. Always
the trailer and the bumper.
leave just enough slack
so you can turn with your rig.
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded,
will
And, never allow safety chainsto drag on the ground.
weigh more than 4,000 lbs. (1 800 kg), be sure touse
a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and
sway controlof the proper size.This equipment is
very important for proper vehicle loading and good
handling whenyou’re driving.
Will you have to make any holes
in the bodyof your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do, thenbe sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch.If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index). Dirt and water can, too.
nailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000lbs. (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes -- and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakes so you’ll be able toinstall, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Your trailer brake system can tap intothe vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system only i f ,
0
The trailer parts can withstand 3,000 psi
(20 650 kPa) of pressure.
0
The trailer’s brake system will use less than
0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from yourvehicle’s
master cylinder. Otherwise, both braking systems
won’t work well. You could even loseyour brakes.
If everything checks out this far, make the brake tap at
the port on the master cylinder that sends the fluid to
the rear brakes. But don’t use copper tubing forthis.
If you do, it will bend and finally break off. Use steel
brake tubing.
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide
(CO) could come into yourvehicle. You can’t see
or smell CO. It can causeunconsciousness or
death. (See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.) To
maximize your safety when towing a trailer:
0 Have your exhaust
system inspected for
leaks, and makenecessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
0 Keep the rear-most windows closed.
0 If exhaust does comeinto yourvehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling systemon and with the
fan on any speed. This will bring fresh,
outside air into yourvehicle. Do not use
MAX because it only recirculates the air
inside your vehicle. (See “Comfort
Controls’’ in the Index.)
4-49
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. Following Distance
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead
you as
to know.your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
of
would when driving your vehicle without
a trailer. This
handling and br’aking with the,added weight of the
can
help
you
avoid
situations
that
require
heavy braking
trailer. ‘Andalways keep in mind that the vehicle you are
and sudden turns.
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle by
is itself.
Passing
Before you start, check the trailer hitch- and platform You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
.l
you’re towing a trailer.
And, because you’re a good dea
lamps, tiresand mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
longer, you’ll need to go
much farther beyond the
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving
and
passed vehicle beforeyou can return to your lane.
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets
you check your
Backing Up
electrical-connectionat the same time.
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
During your trip, check occasionally be
to sure that the
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
to the left.To movethe trailer to the right,
move your
are still working.
hand to the right. Always back
up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
4-50
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharpturns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoidjerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
n r n Signals When Towing a Trailer
The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade.If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shiftdown and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reducethe
possibility of engine andtransmission overheating.
If you have an automatic transmission you should use
THIRD (3) (or, as you need to, a lower gear)when
towing a trailer. Operating your vehicle in THIRD(3)
when towing a trailer will minimize heat buildup and
extend the life of your transmission.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades,
consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a
lower temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn
your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating.To avoid this, letthe
engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a
few minutes before turning the engine off. If you do
get the overheat warning, see “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
4-51
Parking on Hills
You really shouldnot park your vehicle,with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer canbe damaged.
1
IA
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes,but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When thewheel chocks arein place, release the
regular brakesuntil the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regularbrakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift toPARK (P).
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous toget out of your vehicle if
the shiftlever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brakefirmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow.
If you have four-wheel drive andyour transfer
case is in NEUTRAL (N), your vehicle will befree
to roll, evenif your shift lever is in PARK (P). So,
be sure the transfer
case is ina drive gear not
in NEUTRAL (N).
-’-
5 . If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure
the transfer case isin a drive gear-- not in
NEUTRAL (N).
6. Release the regular brakes.
1
4-52
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
0
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2. Let ,upon the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule formore
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system
and brake adjustment. Each of these is covered in this
manual, and the Indexwill help you find them qoickly.
If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Trailer Wiring Harness
A seven-wire harnessis stored under the rear of your
vehicle, between the frame rails. An electrical connector
will need to be added at the trailer end of the harness, by
a qualified electrical technician. For additional trailer
wiring and towing information, please consult your
dealer. Securely attach the harness to the trailer, then
tape or strap it to your vehicle’s frame rail. Be sure you
leave it loose enough so the wiring won’t bind or break
when turning with the trailer, but not so loose that it
drags on the ground. Store’the harness in its original
position. Wrap the harness together and tie it neatly so it
won’t be damaged. If you tow a trailer, your Center
High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) may not be
properly visible from behind. You should select a trailer
with a CHMSL onit or, if one is not available, have one
installed. See your GM dealer about how to connect
your vehicle’s wiring to a trailer CHMSL.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-53
Power Winches
If you wish to use a power winch on yourvehicle, only
use it when your vehicle is stationaryor anchored.
NOTICE:
Using a power winch with the transmission in
gear may damage the
transmission. When
operating a power winch, always leave the
transmission in NEUTRAL (N).
Use the regular brakes, set theparking brake, or block
the wheels to keep your vehicle from rolling.
Power Take-Off (PTO)
NOTICE:
If’you have a PTO thatwill exceed35 hp installed
on your vehicle, it could damage the transfercase
or transmission. When having a PTO installed
on yourvehicle, make sure thatit will not exceed
35 hp.
Before using a PTO, refer to the manufacturer’s or
installer’s instructions.
NOTICE:
Using a PTO while operating in one place before
the vehicle has reached normal operating
temperature can damage the transfercase or
transmission. If you will be usingthe PTO while
operating inone place, drive and warm up the
vehicle before using the PTO.
4-54
To engage a PTO:
Using a Transfer Case MountedPTO
1. Set the parking brake.
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Shift the transmission into NEUTRAL (N).
2. Shift the transfer case into NEUTRAL (N).
3. Hold the clutch pedal down and engage the PTO.
3. Shift the transmission into NEUTRAL (N).
4. Engage the PTO.
NOTICE:
Using aPTO for more than four hours without
driving your vehicle can damage the transfer case
or transmission. If using aPTO for more than
four hours without driving your vehicle, drive
your vehicle for a whileto allow the transfer case
and transmission tocool.
If you are goingto drive the vehicle, shift the
transfer case intothe range you want. Then applythe
regular brakes and release the parking brake.
5. Shift the transmission to THIRD (3) to start the PTO.
6. Release the regular brakes to drive the vehicle.
If you are going to drive the vehicle, shift the
transmission into the,gear you want. Then shiftthe
transfer case into the range you want (if you have
four-wheel drive), apply the regular brakes and
release the parking brake.
4. Release the clutch (and the regular brakes) as you
normally would. When you release the clutch, the
PTO will start.
4-55
Step-Bumper Pad
If your vehiclehas a rear step bumper, it may
be equippedwith a rear step pad at the center
of the bumper.
If you will be using the
bumper to tow a trailer,
you must remove the
center cutout circleto
install the trailer ball.
You must also remove
both outer cutouts toattach
the trailer safety chains.
4-56
To remove the pad, lift the
edge of the pad from the
rear of the bumper and
swing it forward. When
the pad releases from
the bumper holes, lift
the pad off.
Section 5 Problems On The Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that
can occur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
But they won’t flash if you’re braking.
Press the button at the top
of the steering column all
the way down to make your
front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know YOU have a problem. Your front and
rear
turn
signal lamps will flash on and off.
To turn off the flashers, push the button until the first
click and release.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other WarningDevices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
.
Jump Starting
If your battery ,(or batteries) hasrun down, you may
want to use another vehicle and some jumper cables to
start your vehicle. But please use thefollowing steps to
do it safqly.
A CAUTION:
Batteries canhurt you! They can be dangerous
because:
0 They containacid that can burnyou.
They contain gasthat canexplode or ignite.
0 They contain enoughelectricity to
burn you.
If you don’t followthese stepsexactly, someor all
of these things can hurtyou.
5-2
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your
vehicle warranty.
Trying to start yourvehicle by pushing or pulling
it could damage your vehicle. With an automatic
transmission, it won’t start thatway.
1. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicle’s aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the badgrounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P). If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the transfer case
is not in NEUTRAL (N).
2. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all
lamps that aren’t needed, and radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. And it could
save your radio!
NOTICE:
I
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Open the hoods and locate the batteries’. Find
the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
A CAUTION:
~
A CAUTION:
-
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas toexplode. Peoplehave been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlightif
you need more light.
Be sure the batteries have
enough water. You
don’t need to add water to theDelco Freedom@
battery (or batteries)installed in everynew GM
vehicle. But if a battery has filler caps, be sure
the right amountof fluid is there. If it is low, add
water to take care
of that first.If you don’t,
explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains
acid that canburn you.
Don’t get it onyou. If you accidentally get itin
your eyes or on yourskin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
If your vehicle has air conditioning, the auxiliary
electric fan under thehood can start upeven
when the engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
5-3
4. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here aresome basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-)
or a metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a shortthat would damage
the battery and maybe other parts, too.
I A CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engines are running.
5-4
5. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle hasone.
6. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
7. Now connect the
black negative (-) cable
to the good battery’s
negative (-) cable.
Don’t let the other end
touch anything until
the next step. The other
end of the negative (-)
cable doesn’t go to the
dead battery.
It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part of the vehicle
with the dead battery.
8. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine partsthat
move. The electricalconnection is just as good
there, but the chance of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
9. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
10. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-5
11. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any othermetal.
-
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have your GM dealer or a professional towing
service tow your vehicle. See “Roadside Assistance” in
the Index. They canprovide the right equipment and
know how to tow it without damage.
If your vehicle has been changed since it was
factory-new, by adding such things as fog lamps, aero
skirting, or special tires and wheels, these things could
be damaged duringtowing.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When-youcall, tell the towing service:
0
That your vehicle has rear-wheel drive, or that it has
the four-wheel-drive option.
-
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
Whether you can move the shift lever for the
transmission and transfer case, if you have one.
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
5-6
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let thetow operator
know that this manual contains thesetowing
instructions. The operator may want to see them.
I
A CAUTIO!\ :
To help avoid injury toyou or others:
0 Never let passengers ride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
0 Never get under your vehicle after it has
been liftedby the tow truck.
0 Always use separate safety chains on each
side when towinga vehicle.
-
I
A vehicle can fall from a car’carrier if it isn’t
adequately secured. This can cause a collision,
serious personalinjury andvehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or
steel cables before it is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.) that can be cut by sharp
edges underneath thetowed vehicle.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
in the off position. The steering wheel should be
clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a clamping
device designed for towing service. Do not use the
vehicle’s steering column lock for this. The transmission
and transfer case, if you have one, should be in
NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the drive wheels
unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the
drive wheels, be sure to follow the speed and distance
restrictions later in this section or your transmission will
be damaged. If these limitations must be exceeded, then
the drive wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
5-7
Towing .From the Front
Tow Limits -- 35 mph (56 km/h), 50 miles (80 km)
If these limits must be exceeded, then the rear wheels
have to be supported ona dolly.
5-8
rowing From the Rear
Engine Overheating (Gasoline Engine)
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. If your vehicle has a diesel
engine, see “Engine Overheating” in the Diesel
Engine Supplement.
If Steam Is Coming FromYour Engine
3
A CAUTION:
Steam froman overheated engine can burnyou
badly, evenif you just open the hood. Stay away
from theengine if you seeor hear steamcoming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from thevehicle until itcools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before
opening the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquidsin it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop yourengine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
I NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
I
5-9
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but seeor hear no
steam, theproblem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can geta €ittle toohot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-’speeddriving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer. See “Driving on Grades” in the Index.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hotat the highest fan
speed and open thewindow as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (a)
or
DRIVE (3) for automatic transmissions.
5-10
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, push the accelerator until
the engine speed is abouttwice as fast as normal idle
speed. Bring the engine speed back to normal idle speed
after two or three minutes. Now see if the warning stops.
But then, if you still have the warning, turn offthe
engine and get everyoneout of the vehicle until it
cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Cooling System -- Gasoline Engines
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
A CAUTION:
I
If your vehicle has air conditioning, the
auxiliary
electric fan under the hood can start
up even
when the engineis not running andcan injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant insidethe coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything elseuntil it cools down.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Radiator Pressure Cap
C. Engine Fan(s)
5-11
.ACAUTION:
Heater and radiatorhoses, and otherengine
parts, can bevery hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run theengine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and
y ~ could
u
be burned.
Get any leakfixed before youdrive thevehicle.
The coolant level should be at or above the COLD mark.
If it isn’t, you may have a leak inthe radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere elsein
the cooling system.
I NOTICE:
Engine damage from running
your engine
without coolantisn’t coveredby your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again. See
if the fan speed increases when idle speed is doubled by
pushing the accelerator pedal down. If it doesn’t, your
vehicle needs service. Turn off the engine.
5-12
II
How to Add Coolant tothe Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above the COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture
of clean water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOL”
(orange-colored, silicate-free) antifreeze at the coolant
recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for
more information.)
Adding only plain water to yourcooling system
can be dangerous. Plainwater, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set for the propercoolant mix. With
plain wateror the wrong mix, your engine could
get too hot butyou wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fireand you or
others could be burned.Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL antifreeze.
TM
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water canfreeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core andother parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mix.
5-13
1A
CAUTION:
You can be burnedif you spill coolanton hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is ator
above the COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mix
directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
5-14
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling
system can blow @utand burnyou badly. They
are underpressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they cancome out
at high speed. Neverturn the cap when the
cooling system,including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and
radiator pressure capto cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
--
--
5-15
H'owto Add Coolant to the Radiator
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap
and
upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the pressure
cap slowly counterclockwise until it first stops.
(Don't press down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-16
,
3. Fill the radiator with the
proper mix, up to the
base of the filler neck.
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the
COLD mark.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
5-17
6. Start the engine and let it
run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose
getting hot. Watch out
for the engine fan(s).
7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mix through the fillerneck until
the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
5-18
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
Engine Fan Noise
If a Tire Goes Flat
Your vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. When
the clutch is engaged, the fan spins faster to provide
more air to cool the engine. In most every day driving
conditions, the fan is spinning slower and the clutch is
not fully engaged. This improves fuel economy and
reduces fan noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer
towing and/or high outside temperatures, the fan speed
increases as the clutch more fully engages.So you may
hear an increase in fan noise. This is normal and should
not be mistaken as the transmission slipping or making
extra shifts. It is merely the cooling system functioning
properly. The fanwill slow down when additional
cooling is not requiredand the clutch disengages.
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here area few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
You may also hear this fan noise when you start
the engine. It will go away as the fan clutch
partially disengages.
If a front tire fails, the flat tirewill create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer tomaintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much likea
skid and may require the samecorrection you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-19
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tireand wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on yourhazard
warning flashers.
i,
I
Changing a tire can causean injury. Thevehicle
can,slipoff the jack and
roll over you or other
people. You and theycould be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire.
To help
prevent thevehicle from moving:
1. Set the parkingbrake firmly.
2. Put the shift leverin PARK (P).
3. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle,
be sure the transfercase is in a drive
gear not in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Wrn off the engine.
To be even more certain thevehicle won’t move,
you can putblocks at the front and rear
of the
tire farthestaway from the one
being changed.
That would bethe tire on the other side
of the
vehicle, at the oppositeend.
--
The followingsteps will tell you how to use thejack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tireand Tools
The equipment you’ll need is located in the rear cargo
area. You’ll also find your spare tirethere.
On two-door Utility and Suburban models, the spare tire
is located atthe rear of the vehicle. To remove the spare
tire, first open the tirecover, if you have one. Turn the
wing nut counterclockwise and take it, and the adapter,
off the bolt. Take the tireout of the vehicle and remove
the tire cover.
On four-door utility models, the spare tire may be stored
under the vehicle in an underbody carrier.
4-Door Utility Models
A. Hoist Assembly
B. Hoist Shaft
C. Ratchet
D. Jack Handle
E. Retainer
E Valve Stem, Pointed Down
G. Spare Tire
5-21
Follow these instructions to lower the sparetire:
1. One side of the ratchet has an UP marking. The other
side has a DOWN marking. Assemble the ratchet to
the hook near the end of the jack handle (as
illustrated) with the DOWN marking facing you.
Insert the other end through the hole in the rear
bumper and into the hoist shaft.
If your two-door utility
model has a jackcover,
turn the wing nut
counterclockwise and
take the cover off.
2. Turn the ratchet to lower the spare tire tothe ground.
Continue to turn the ratchet until the spare tirecan be
pulled out from under the vehicle.
3. When the tire has been lowered, tiltlthe retainer at
the endof the cable so it can bepulled up through
the wheel opening.
4. Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
To take the jack out, turn the wing nut counterclockwise
and take it and the retainer off. Take the jack and storage
box out and take the tools out of the box.
Your vehicle may have a pair of emergency gloves
secured to the jack. You can use them whenchanging
the tire, or during otheremergency situations.
Remember to replace them with thejack, so you will
have them if needed later.
5-22
If your Suburban has a jack
cover, lift the tab up to
release the cover, then take
it off.
To open thejack cover on four-door utility models, push
the cover latches down and remove the cover.
To take thejack out, turn the wing-head bolt
counterclockwise and take it and the retainer off. Take
the jack and storage box out and take the tools out
of the box.
To take the jack out, turn the wing nut counterclockwise
and take it and the retainer off. Take the jack and storage
box out and take the tools out of the box.
Your vehicle may have a pair of emergency gloves
secured tothe jack. You can use them when changing
the tire, or during other emergency situations.
Remember to replace them with the jack, so you will
have them if needed later.
Your vehicle may have a pair of emergency gloves
secured to thejack. You can use them when changing
the tire, or during other emergency situations.
Remember to replace them with the jack, so you will
have them if needed later.
5-23
Attachthe jack handle
.
(and jack handle extension,
if needed) to the jack.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A), the jack
handle extension (B), jack handle (C), wheel wrench (D)
and the ratchet (E).
The jackhandle extension is used if the flat tire is on the
rear of the vehicle.
5-24
,
With the UP marking on
the ratchet facing you,
rotate the ratchet clockwise.
That will lift the jack head
a little.
UP Marking
DOWN Marking
’
One side of the ratchet has an UP marking. The other
side has a DOWN marking.
If there is a wheel cbver, pry at different points along
it’s edge until it comes off.
Be careful; therim edge may be sharp. Don’t try to
remove itwith your bare hands.
5-25
If your vehicle has
wheel nut caps, use
the wheel wrench and
ratchet to remove them.
Turn the wheel wrench
counterclockwise, with
DOWN facingyou, to
remove the wheel nut caps.
Then take off the hub cap.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. Use the ratchet and
wheel wrench to loosen
all the wheel nuts. Turn
the wheel wrench
counterclockwise, with
DOWN facing you, to
loosen the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove the wheel
nuts yet.
If the wheel also has a trim ring, use the wheel wrench
to pry along the edge and removeit.
If the wheel has a smooth centerpiece or a center piece
with recessed nuts, place the wheel wrench in the slot
on the wheel and gently pry off.
2. If the flat tire is on the rear of the vehicle, put the
jack handle extension on thejack handle.
3. Position the jack under the vehicle.
5-26
Getting under avehicle when it is jacked upis
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack,you
could be badlyinjured or killed. Never getunder
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
NOTICE:
Front Position
Rear Position
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned will damage the vehicle or may allow
the vehicle to fall off the jack.Be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Front
Position
Rear
Position
5-27
4. With UP on the ratchet facing you, raise the vehicle
by rotating the ratchet and wheel wrench clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far mough off the ground so there
is enough room for,the spare tire to fit.
Remove any rustor dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
5. Remove all the wheel
nuts and take off the
flat tire.
&!+CAUTION:
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. Whenyou change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirtfrom the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, youcan use a cloth or a paper towel
to dothis; but be sure touse a scraper orwire
brush later, if you need to,to get all the rustor
dirt off.
5-28
A
- CAUTION:
I
I
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
7. Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each
wheel nut by hand with
the wheel wrench until
the wheel is held against
the hub.
Front Position
Rear Position
8. Lower the vehicle by rotating the ratchet and wheel
wrench counterclockwise. Lower thejack completely.
5-29
9. Tighten each wheel
nut clockwise.
10. Tighten the nuts firmly in a criss-cross sequence as
shown. Rotate the wheel wrench clockwise.
A,CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts orimproperly tightened
wheel nuts cancause the wheel,to become loose
and even comeoff. This could lead to anaccident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get newGM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and haye the
nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque. For proper torque, see “Wheel
Nut Torque” in the Index.
5-30
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs,evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the propersequence and to the proper
torque specification.
11. Put the wheel trim back on. For vehicles with
plastic wheel nut caps, tighten the caps until they
are finger tight, then tighten them an additional
one-half turn with the ratchet and wheel wrench.
Storing a Flat or SpareTire and "001s
1 A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tireor other equipmentin the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stopor collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the properplace.
Store the flat tire where the spare tire is stored.
Put the tools into the storage box and close it tightly.
Fit the storage box on the bracket with the bolt through
the box. Put the jack onto the box. Be sure the jack is
stored as shown in the following illustrations. Secure the
emergency gloves, if your vehicle has them, to thejack
using the provided strap.
Slide the retainer over the bolt onto the jack and put the
wing nut on it. Turn the nut clockwise until it is tight
against the retainer.
Replace the jack storage cover, if your vehicle has
one, by simply reversing the removal procedure
described earlier.
5-31
D
E
Jack Storage
Jacking Tool Storage
-- 2-Door Utility Model
A. Wheel Wrench
D. Jacking Tool Storage Box
A. Retainer
D. Jack Storage Box
B. Jack Handle
E. Jack
Handle
B. Nut
E. Bracket
C. Ratchet
Extension
C. Jack -- Secure in
Vehicle as Shown
--
Jack Storage 4-DOOr Utility Model
Jack Storage
-- Suburban
A. Retainer
D. Jack StorageBox
A: Retainer
D. Bracket
B. Nut
E. Bracket
B. Nut
E. Jack -- Secure in
Vehicle as Shown
C. Jack -- Secure in
Vehicle as Shown
C. Jack Storage Box
5-33
Stow theflat tire in the cargo areaof two-door Utility
and Suburban models and secure it tothe tire carrier. To
stow the flattire:
1. Put the cover back onthe tire if your vehicle has one.
2. Put the flat tirein the cargo area of the vehicle, over
the retainer bolt.
3. Slide the adapter onto the bolt in the proper location
for your model and put the wing nut on.
4. Turn the wing nut clockwise until the adapter is tight
and secureagainst the wheel.
5. Close the tire cover, if you have one-
Spare Tire
-- Two-Door Utility Model
6. Cover
7. Pins
8. J-Bolt
9. Use Upper Hole and Pin for P265
Tire or Lower Hole and
Pin
for
LT225/245, P245 and P235 Tires
Be sure theJ-bolt is hooked properly for your model or
tire size as shown.
1. Carrier
2. J-Bolt
3. Adapter
4. Spare Tire
5. Nut
5-34
D
Spare Tire
Spare Tire
-- Suburban
-- Four-Door Utility Model
A. Hoist Assembly
B. Hoist Shaft
1. I-Bolt
5. Adapter
C. Ratchet
2. J-Bolt
3. Carrier
4. Spare Tire
6. Nut
D. Jack Handle
7. Cover
8. Use Lower Adapter Hole
for %Lug Rim Only
E. Retainer
E Valve Stem, Pointed Down
G. Spare Tire
Be sure the J-bolt is hooked properly for your model or
tire size as shown.
5-35
For four-door utility models equipped with an
underbody spare tire carrier, follow theseinstructions to
restore a spare or flattire:
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow
1. Lay the tire on the ground at the rear
of the vehicle.
Position the tireso that the valve stem is pointed
down and to therear of the vehicle.
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
2. Tilt the retainer downward and through the wheel
opening. Make surethat the retainer is fully seated
across the underside of the wheel.
3. Attach the ratchet, with the UP mark facing you,
near the hook at the endof the jack handle. Insert the
other end, onan angle, through the hole in the rear
bumper and into-thehoist shaft.
4. Raise the tire fully againstthe underside of the
vehicle. Continue turning the ratchet until there are
two “clicks” or “ratchets.” The spare tirehoist
cannot be over-tightened.
5. Grasp and push against the tire to be sure it is stored
securely and does not move.
5-36
n
I A CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and youor others could be injured. And,
the transmissionor other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels
as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
Using the Recovery Hooks
NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
you spin the wheels
vehicle as well as the tires. If
too fast while shifting your transmission back
and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking your vehicleto get it out:
First, turn your steeringwheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels aslittle as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. Or, you can use your recovery hooks if
your vehicle has them. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Your vehicle may be equipped with recovery hooks. The
recovery hooks are provided at the front of your vehicle.
You may need to use them if you’re stuck off-road
and need to be pulled to some place where you can
continue driving.
5-37
I A CAUTION:
The recovery hooks, when used,are under a lot of
force. Always pull the vehiclestraight out. Never
pull on the hooks at a sideways angle. Thehooks
could break off and you or others could be
injured from thechain or cable snapping back.
NOTICE:
Never usethe recovery hooksto tow the vehicle.
Your vehicle could bedamaged and it would not
be covered by warranty.
5-38
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you willfind information about the care of your
vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel
information, and then it shows how to check important
fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical
information about your vehicle, and a part devoted to its
appearance care.
Service
Your GM dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you
to be happy withit. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have oneof these marks:
n
Delco
6-1
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper service manual. It tells you much
more abouthow to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service .
. and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
A CAUTION:
.
You can be injured and
your vehicle could be
damaged’ifyou try to do service work ona
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
0 Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the proper replacement
parts andtools beforeyou attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
0 Be sure touse the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can beeasily confused.If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
.
6-2
Fuel (Gasoline Engine)
If your vehicle hasa diesel engine, see“Diesel Fuel
Requirements and Fuel System” in the Diesel Engine
Supplement. For vehicles with gasoline engines, please
read this.
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications
ASTM D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damageyour engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higherand you
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worryif you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel toget rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy,constant knock that means
you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated onthe underhood tune-up label),
it is designed to operate on,fuelsthat meet California
specifications. If such fuels arenot available in states
adopting California emissionsstandards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on
your instrument panel may turn on and/or your vehicle
may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return to your
authorized GM dealer fordiagnosis to determine the
cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the
cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs
may not be covered by your warranty.
a
In Canada, somegasolines contain an octane-enhancing
additive calledMMT. If you use such fuels, your
emission controlsystem performance may deteriorate
and the malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this happens, return to your
authorized GM dealer forservice.
6-3
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines arenow required to
contain additives that will help prevent deposits from
forming in your engine and fuel system, allowing your
emission control system to function properly. Therefore,
you should not have to add anythingto the fuel. In
addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol,and reformulated gasolines may be
available in.your areato help clean the air. General
Motors recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
*
NOTICE:
I
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it.It can corrode ’
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
6-4
Fuels in Foreign Countries -- Gasoline
Engines
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United Statesor Canada, the.properfuel may be hardto
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Justtell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General MotorsOverseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioLlH 8P7
Filling Your Tank
Your vehicle ignition
must be in the OFF
position during refueling
of the vehicle.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
The fuel cap is behind a hinged door on the left side of
your vehicle.
I
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
A CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray outon you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open thefuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the capall the way.
6-5
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces assoon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on,turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks. Make sure
you fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system
can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. Thiswould
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See
“Malfunction Indicator Lamp”in the Index.
Checking Things Under the Hood
A CAUTION:
If your vehicle has airconditioning, the auxiliary
engine fan underthe hood can start upand
injure you even whenthe engine isnot running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electricfan.,
NOTICE:
If you need a newcap, be sure toget the right
type. Your dealer canget one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit or have proper
venting, and your fuel tank andemissions system
might bedamaged.
6-6
A CAUTION:
Things that burncan get on hot engine
parts and
start a fire.These include liquids like gasoline
or
diesel fuel,oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield
washer and otherfluids, and plasticor rubber. You
or others could be burned.Be careful not todrop
or spill thingsthat will burn onto a hotengine.
1
Hood Release
To open the hood,
first pull the handle
inside the vehicle.
..
.
I
Then go to the front of the vehicle and pull up on the
secondary hood release, located just to the passenger
side of the center of the grill.
Lift the hood.
Your vehicle, if it has air conditioning, may have a
auxiliary engine fan in addition to the belt driven fan.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps areon
properly. Pull down the hood and close it firmly.
6-7
“VORTEC” 5700 Engine
When you lift up the hood you’ll see:
6-8
A. Battery
H. Fan
B. Air Cleaner
I. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
C. Radiator Cap
J. Engine Oil Fill
D. Coolant Recovery Tank
E. Air Filter Restriction Indicator
.
I'..t
..
L
$K.
.,J
Brake Fluid Reservoir
L. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
,
F. Engine Oil Dipstick
M. Fusemelay Center
G . Automatic Transmission Dipstick
N. Storage Compartment
6-9
“VORTEC” 7400 Engine
When you lift up the hood you’ll see:
6-10
H.
I.
J.
K.
A. Battery
8. Coolant Recovery’Tank
C. Air Cleaner
D. Radiator Cap
E. Air Filter Restriction Indicator
Engine Oil Fill
Fan
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
Brake Fluid Reservoir
L. Storage Compartment
E Engine Oil Dipstick
G. .AutomaticTransmission Dipstick
M. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
N. Fuse/Relay Center
.
.
6-11
Engine Oil (Gasoline Engine)
Checking Engine Oil
If
vehicle has a diesel engine, see“Engine Oil
(Diesel Engine)” in the Diesel Engine Supplement.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Removeit again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick has a yellow ring handle and is
located on the passenger side of the engine.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a fewminutes to
drain back into the oil pan.If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
6-12
When to Add Oil
What Kind of Oil to Use
If the oil is at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll
need to add some oil. But you must use the right
kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified
by looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry ,this Starburst symbol.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil.
If your,engine has so
much oil that the oil levelgets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
If you change your ownoil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
The engine oil filler cap is located on the driver’s side
engine valve cover.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the
proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
‘6-13
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLDSTARTING,SELECT THE LOWEST
SAL VlSCOSlN GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
WOK
. FOR T
HIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
__
“F
-
+38
+ ea -
-
+27
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
to use the
‘.‘Starburst” symbol. Failure
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
+a- - +16
-+4
+ 2a1 - - - 7
0 ---la
~
(a1
u
SAX
- %
SALm
.,Jy-30
GM Goodwrench@oil meets all therequirements for
your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
L o .
PREFERRED
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your GM dealer is ready
to advise if you think something should be added.
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-14
O
“C
1ao1 -
+ 40I -
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE low-30 if it’s going
to be 0”F (- 18 C ) or above. These numbers onan oil
container show itsviscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
When to Change Engine Oil
What to Do with Used Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer?Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil.
(See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and
disposal of oil products.)
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
0
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas or
off-road frequently.
0
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
0
The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine oilto
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to changeyour oil and filter
every 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first.
Used oil canbe a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever disposeof oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streamsor bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a placethat collects used oil.
If you have a problem properly disposing of your used
oil, ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for -help.
If none of them istrue, change the oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highwayconditions causes engine oil to
break down slower.
6-15
Air Cleaner
The air cleaner assembly
has an indicator that lets
you know when the air
filter is dirty and needs
to be serviced.
The indicator is located in the air intake tube between
the air cleaner and the engine. See “Owner Checks and
Services” in the Index on when to check the indicator.
Your air cleaner is located between the battery and
coolant recovery tank.
If the area inside the clear section of the indicator is
green, no air filter service.is required. When the area
inside the indicator is orange and CHANGE AIR
FILTER appears, the filter should be replaced.
To remove the air filter, unhook the retainer clips and
remove the cover. Lift thefilter and the connected duct
Out Of the air
housing.
the duct and remove
the filter by both pulling and twisting the filter away
from the duct. Care should be taken to dislodge as little
dirt as possible.
Clean the filter sealing surfdce of the duct and the
filter housing.
Install the new filter by pushing it all the way to the stop
on the duct.
Install the ductand the filterinto the air cleaner housing.
Make sure that the duct fits properly into the housing.
Install the cover and fasten the two retaining
clips.
After the air filter is properly serviced, the indicator
should be reset. Push the button on top of the indicator
to reset it to the green (clean) filter zone.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-17
A ,CAUTION:
Automatic Transmission Fluid
Operating theengine with the air cleaner off can
cause you or othersto be burned. The air
cleaner
not only cleans the air, it stops flame
if the engine
backfires. If it isn’t there, and theengine
backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be careful workingon the engine with
the aircleaner off.
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
When to Check and Change
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 Ism) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one
or,more of these conditions:
0
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90”F (32 O C) or higher.
0
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
0
When doing frequent trailer towing.
0
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I
NOTICE:
If the aircleaner is off,a backfire cancause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into yourengine, which willdamage it. Always
have theair cleaner inplace when you’re driving.
6-18
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
See “ScheduledMaintenance Services” in the Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at your GM dealer
Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sureto follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be
sure to get an accurate reading you
if check your
transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (320C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Checking Transmission FluidHot
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F ( lO"C), drive the
vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage
moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes. Then
follow the hot check procedures.
6-19
Checking Transmission Fluid Cold
A cold check is made after the vehicle has been sitting
for eight hours or more with the engine off and is used
only as a reference. Let the engine run at idle for five
minutes if outside temperatures are 50°F ( 10°C) or
more. If it's colder than 50°F ( lO"C), you may have to
idle the engine longer. Should the fluid level be low
during a cold check, you must perform a hot check
before adding fluid. This will give you a more accurate
reading of the fluid level.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
Lhese steps:
Checking the Fluid Hot or Cold
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
6-20
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and
wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
HOT. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.)
.If the fluid level is low, add only enough
of the proper
fluid to bring the level upthe
to HOT area for a hot
check. It doesn’t takemuch fluid, generally less than a
pint (0.5 L). Don ’t ovetjill. We recommend you use only
fluid labeled DEXR0N’-III, because fluid with that
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read-thelower label
is made especially for your automatic transmission.
level. The fluid levelIINLSt be in the COLD areafor a Damage
cauwd by fluid other than DEXRO;N-IIIis not
your new vehicle warranty.
cold check or in the HOT area or cross-hatched area covered by
for a hot check.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level
as
4. If the fluid level isin the acceptable range, push the
described under “How to Check.”
dipstick backin all the way; then flip the handle
down
lock
tothe
dipstick
in
place.
whin the
correct
fluid
level
obtained,
is
push
the
dipstick back in all the way;
then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
’
6-21
Rear Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Four-Wheel Drive
Most lubricant checks in this section also apply to
four-wheel-drive vehicles. However, they havetwo
additional systems that need lubrication.
6-22
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections” in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determinewhat
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to checkthe lubricant and when to change it. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ inthe Index.
6-23
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant.
If the differential is at operating temperature (warm),
add enough lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of
the filler plug hole.
If the differential is cold, add enough lubricant to raise
the level to 1/2 inch (12 mm) below thefiller plug hole.
What toUse
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See“Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
6-24
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with new
DEX-COOL TM (orange-colored, silicate-free) engine
coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your
vehicle for 5 years or 100,000 miles (166 000 km),
whichever occurs first.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and the proper coolant for
your vehicle will:
NOTICE:
When adding coolant itis important that you use
DEX-COOL (orange-colored,silicate-free)
coolant meetingGM Specification 6277111.
If silicated coolant is added to thesystem,
premature engine,heater core or radiator
corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine
coolant will require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first.
--
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protection up to 265 “F (129 ” C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning gages work as they should.
6-25
What toUse
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze that meets GM Specification
6277M, which won’t damage aluminumparts. Use
GM Engine Coolant Supplement(sealer) (GM Part
No. 3634621) with any complete coolant change.
If you
use this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else.
NOTICE:
TM
Adding only plain waterto your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set for ‘the proper
coolant mix. With
plain wateror thewrong mix, your engine could
get too hot but you wouldn’t getthe overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fireand you or
others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze.
TM
6-26
If you usean improper coolant mix, your engine
could overheat andbe badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by
your
warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze
and crack theengine, radiator, heatercore and
other parts.
[f you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you usethe propercoolant, you don’t haveto
add extrainhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. Thesecan be harmful.
Checking Coolant
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper mix at the
coolant recovery tank.
A CAUTION:
'
~
The coolant recovery tank is located on the passenger
side at the rearcorner of the engine compartment.
When your engine is cold, the coolantlevel should beat
the COLD mark, or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be up to the HOT mark, or a
little higher.
Turning theradiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator arehot can allow steam and
you badly.
scalding liquids to blow out and burn
With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost
never haveto addcoolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap even a
little when the engine and radiator arehot.
--
--
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but be careful not
to spill it.
AUTION:
0
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don't spill coolant on a hot engine.
6-27
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
I
Your radiator capis a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolantloss and possible engine damage
from overheating.Be sure the arrows on the cap
on the radiator
line up with the overflow tube
filler neck.
Thermostat
Engine coolanttemperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the enginecoolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
The radiator pressure cap must be tightly installed with
the arrows onthe cap lined up with the overflow tube on
the radiator filler neck.
6-28
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat
is recommended.
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap
again
and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up to
the mark.
What to Use
When to Check PowerSteering Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid touse. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index. Always use the proper fluid.
Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
It is not necessaryto regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
6-29
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure toread
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use afluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
NOTICE:
0
0
0
0
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water cancause the solution to freeze
and damage yourwasher fluid tank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.This
allows for expansion, which coulddamage
the tank if it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer.It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder
reservoir is here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
So, it isn’t a good idea to“top off’ your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done onthe brake hydraulic system.
-
If you have too much brake fluid,
it can spill
on the engine. The fluidwill burn if the engine
is hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
on the brake
fluid only when work is done
hydraulic system.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down.The first is that the brake fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
check your brake fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance
lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level
Inspections” in the Index.
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooneror later your
brakes won’t work well,or won’t work at all.
6-31
Checking Brake Flu:
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part
No. 1052535). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only, and always clean the brake fluid
reservoir cap before removing it.
@
A CAUTION:
With the wrong kindof fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.
Just look atthe window on the brake fluid reservoir. The
fluid level should be above MIN. If it isn’t, have your
brake system checked to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above MIN and below the top
of the window.
6-32
NOTICE:
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have tobe
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paintfinish can be
damaged. Be careful not tospill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, washit off
immediately. See“Appearance Care’’
in the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drumbrakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a
high-pitched warning sound when thebrake pads are worn
and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
r,
-
I
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning soundmeans that sooner
or later your brakes won’t work well. That could
lead to anaccident. When youhear the brakewear
warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
I
NOTICE:
Continuing to drivewith worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
.
6-33
Some drivingconditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are firstapplied or lightly
applied. This doesnot mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Free movementof brake calipers and properly torqued
wheel nuts are necessary to help prevent brake
pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake calipers
for movement,brake pads for wear, and evenly torque
wheel nuts in the proper sequence toGM specifications.
If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal, your
rear drum brakesmay need adjustment. Adjust them by
backing up and firmlyapplying the brakes a few times.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really goodbraking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your vehicle does when it is new. When
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you replace parts of your braking system -- for example,
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have
the rear
when your brake linings wear down and you haveto
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums should have new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine
be removed and inspected each time the tires
are removed
GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may
for rotation or changing. When you have the
front brakes
no longerwork properly. For example, if someone
replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too.
puts in brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle,
the balance betweenyour front and rear brakes can
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
change -- for the worse. The braking performance
axle sets.
you’ve come to expectcan change in many other ways if
Brake Pedal Travel
someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
Fluid Leak Check
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
After the vehicle has been parked for a while, inspect the
surface under the vehicle for water, oil, fuel or other fluids.
Brake Adjustment
Water dripping from the air conditioning system after
it
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes
has been used is normal. If you notice fuel leaks or fumes,
adjust forwear.
the causes shouldbe found and corrected at once.
6-34
Battery
Every new vehicle has a Delco Freedom@battery.’You
never have to add water to onedf these. When it’s time
for a new battery, werecommend a Delco Freedom
battery. Get one that has the replacement number,shown
on the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, take off the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery.This will help keep your battery from
running down.
A CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burnyou and gas
that canexplode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting”in the Index
for tipson workingaround a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longerstorage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
Before you replace any bulbs, be sure that all the lamps
are off and the engine isn’t running.
Halogen Bulbs
A CAUTION:
1
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas insideand
can burstif you drop or scratch the
bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb
package.
6-35
Sealed Beam Headlamps
3. Unplug and remove
the headlamp.
1. Remove the four
screws from the
headlamp retainer.
4. Plug in the new headlamp and put it in place.
2. Pull the headlamp out and removethe retainer.
6-36
5. Install the retainer to the headlamp and tighten
the screws.
Composite Headlamps
3. Unplug the electrical
connector.
1. Remove the two
screws at the top of
the radiator support.
4. Turn the bulb to theleft and remove it.
2. Pull the headlamp lens assembly out.
5. Put the new bulb in the lens assembly and turn it to
the right until it is tight.
6. Plug in the electrical connector.
7. Put the headlamp lens assembly back into the
vehicle. Install and tighten the two screws.
6-37
Front Parkingfirn Signal Lamps with
Sealed Beam Headlamps
,
, ,
~
1. Remove the two screws
at the inside edge of
the parkinghurn signal
lamp assembly.
.. ' .: .I. ,: ,: ' ._
. >- .,.
.,_
,
3. Squeeze the tab on the
side of the lamp socket
while turning the socket
to the left.
b
4. Pull the socket out of the lamp assembly.
2. Remove the lamp assembly by swinging it out from
the inside edge and sliding it out at the outside edge.
5. Push in gently on the bulb, turn it to the left and
remove it from the socket.
6. Put the new bulb in the socket, gently press in on the
bulb and turn it to the right until it is tight.
7. Put the socket back into the lamp assembly and turn
it to the right until it locks.
8. Put the parkinghrn signal lamp assembly back into
the vehicle and tighten the screws.
6-38
Front Parking/Turn Signal Lamps with
Composite Headlamps
3. Pull the socket outof the
lamp assembly.
1. Remove the screws and
take out the parking/turn
signal lamp assembly.
4. Push in gently on the bulb, turn it to the left and
remove it from the socket.
2. Squeeze the tab on the side of the lamp socket while
turning the socket to the left.
5. Put the new bulb in the socket, gently press in on the
bulb and turn it to the right until it is tight.
6. Put the socket back into the lamp assembly and turn
it to the right until it locks.
7. Put the parking/turn signal lamp assembly back into
the vehicle and tighten the screws.
.
6-39
Sidemarker Lamps with Sealed Beam and
Composite Headlamps
3. Pull the bulb,straightout
of the socket.
. Remove the screws and
pull out the parkinghrn
signal lamp assembly.
4. Put a new bulb into the socket and push it in until it
is tight.
2. Reach through the opening and turn the sidemarker
bulb socket to the leftand remove it.
6-40
5 . Put the socket back into the sidemarker assembly
and turn it to the right to tighten it.
6. Replace the parkingkurn signal lamp assembly and
tighten the screws.
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp(CHMSL)
Rear Lamps
The individual bulbs in the CHMSL are not replaceable.
See your dealer for assistance.
1. Open the tailgate or rear doors.
Roof Marker Lamps
1 . Remove the screws and lift off the lens.
2. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket.
3. Put a new bulb into the socket and push it in until it
is tight.
4. Replace the lens and tighten the screws.
2. Remove the two black plastic plugs in the rear lamp
assembly access holes.
3. Remove the two rear
lamp assembly screws
inside the fender and
pull out the lamp
assembly. You may want
to use a magnetic
screwdriver when
removing the screws.
6-41
4. Remove the screws from
the bulb retainer and
take the bulb retainer off
of the lamp assembly.
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
For proper type and length, see “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” in‘the Index. To replace the
windshield wiper blade assembly:
5. Pull the old bulb straight out of the socket.
6. Put in a new bulb and push it in until it is tight.
7. Replace the bulb retainer.
8. Replace the rear lamp assembly and tighten the
screws. You may want to use a magnetic screwdriver
when installing the screws.
9. Close the tailgate or rear doors.
1. Lift the wiper arm and rotate the blade until it is..
facing away from the windshield.
2. Push the release lever and slide the wiper assembly
toward the driver’s side of the vehicle.
3. Install a new blade by reversing Steps 1 and 2.
6-42
. =.
Tires
We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with
high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions about your tire warranty and
where to obtain service, see your GM Warranty booklet
for details.
A CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
0 Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a resultof too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
0
0
Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain therecommended
pressure. Tire pressureshould be checked
when your tiresare cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at therecommended pressure.
Worn, old tires cancause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tireshave
been damaged, replace them.
--
0
6-43
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The CertificationRire label,which is on the rear edge of
the driver’s door, or on the incomplete vehicle document
in the cab, showsthe correct inflation pressures for your
tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has
been sitting forat least three hours or driven no more
than 1 mile ( 1.6 km).
You can operate some vehicles at reduced inflation
pressures only when you’ll be carrying reduced loads.
On those vehicles, the minimum cold inflation pressures
for a typical reduced load are printed on the Improved
Ride Tire Pressure label located on the driver’s door.
Weigh the vehicle to find the load on each tire and see
the label for the minimum cold inflation pressures for
that load.
6-44
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too muchair (overinflation),
you can get the following:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Also, check the
tire pressure of the spare tire.
I
FRT
FRT
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell.if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
Tire Inspectionand Rotation
Tires should beinspected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km) for any signs of unusual wear.
If unusual wear is present, rotate your tires as soon as
possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See “When It’s Time forNew
Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
When rotating your tires, always use one of the correct
rotation patterns shown here.
6-45
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear
inflation pressures as shown on the Certificatioflire label.
Make certain that all. wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
A
/!\ CAUTION:
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on theparts to which
it is fastened, can makewheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come offand cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirtfrom places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper orwire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt
off. (See
“Changing a FlatTire” in theIndex.)
6-46
You need a new tire if any of rhIle following statements
are true:
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
0
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
0
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
0
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial)as your original tires.
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the CertificatiodTire label.
A CAUTION:
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give properendurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride andother things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial andbias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes mayalso cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure touse the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
6-47
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. TheUniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested undercontrolled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, atire graded 150 would wearone and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars andlight trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction
-- A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, areA, B, and
C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfacesof asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
6-48
Temperature
-- A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire's resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheelthan the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel' Alignment and
Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at thefactory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, orbadly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
GM dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
6-49
Used Replacement Wheels
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.It
could affect thebraking and handling of your
vehicle, make yourtires lose air and make you lose
control. You could have a collision in which you or
others could be injured. Always use the correct
wheel, wheel boltsand wheel nuts for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlampaim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire
or tire
chain clearanceto thebody and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
6-50
A CAUTION:
I
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been usedor
how many miles it’s beendriven. It could fail
suddenly and cause an accident. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P265/75R16 size tires, don’t
use tire chains. They can damageyour vehicle. If
you have a tire size other thanP265/75R16, use
tire chains only where legaland only when you
must. Use chains that arethe proper size for your
tires. Install them onthe tiresof the rear axle.
Don’t use chains on the tiresof the frontaxle.
Tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Driveslowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can
hear thechains contacting your vehicle, stop
and retighten them. If the contactcontinues,
slow downuntil it stops. Driving too fast or
spinning the wheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them dn a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
0
LacquerThinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-51
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
0
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use avacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leatherwith a clean, damp cloth.
Your GM dealer has two GM cleaners, asolvent-type
spot lifterand a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use
them on vinyl or leather.
Here are somecleaning tips:
0
Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean awhole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following
the directions on the container label.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
5. Don’t saturate the material.
6. Don’t rub it roughly.
7. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
8. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
9. Wipe off what’sleft with a slightly damp paper
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
0
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
6-52
towel or cloth.
10. Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer.
11. Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
Special Cleaning Problems
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean off better with just
water and mild soap.
Greasy or Oily Stains
If you need to use a solvent:
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
Iight pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside of
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
changing to a clean section of the cloth.
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately
dry the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a
cleaning ring.
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, nm-garine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
3. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if left on a vehicle’s seat fabric. Thcy should be
removed as soon as possible. Be careful, because
the cleaner will dissolve them and lnay cause them
to spread.
Fabric Protection
Non-Greasy Stains
Your vehicle has upholstery and carpet that has been
treated with Scotchgard Fabric Protector, a 3M
product. It protects fabrics by repelling oil and water,
which are the carriers of most stains. Even with this
protection, you still need to clean your upholstery and
carpet often to keep it looking new.
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
be removed as follows:
TM
Further information on cleaning is available by calling
1-800-433-3296 (in Minnesota, 1-800-642-6 167).
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
6-53
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap.
0
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can beremoved as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0
If,a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don't getthem off quickly. Use a clean clothand
a GM Vinylkeather Cleaner or equivalent product.
6-54
For stubborn stains, use a GM Vinylheather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
0
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If
dirt is allowed to work into the finish, it can harm
the leather.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel, Sprays containing silicones or'
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
Cleaning the Outsideof the Windshield,
Batklass and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
A CAUTIOl.,
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them.In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner(GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later.
If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or othermaterial may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@’(GM Part
No. 1050011). The windshield is-cleanif beads do not
form when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth
soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent.
Then rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades .should be checked on a regular basis and
replaced when worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease onweatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone greasewith a clean cloth at least every six
months. Duringvery cold, dampweather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index,)
6-55
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
Finish Care
The paint finish on y.our vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
Washing Your Vehicle
The bestway to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it cleanby washing it .often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or carwashing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, orthey could stain.Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or a 100%cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure vehicle washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
6-56
Your vehicle has a “basecoatklearcoat”paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth’andgloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoatklearcoat
paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoatlclearcoat paint finish
may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
_-
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’sfinish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
.
Bright metal partsshould be clearled regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with water is all that is usually
needed. However, youmay use GM Chrome Polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary:
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid
damaging protective trim, never use auto or chrome
polish, steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum. A
coating of wax, rubbed to high polish, is recommended
for all bright metal parts.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage the surface.
Don’t take yourvehicle through an automatic vehicle
wash that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applyinga tire dressingalways take careto
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based productsmay damage the
paint .finish.
6-57
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damagedand requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure thebody repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris cancollect. Dirt packed in closedareas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underb.ody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratchesin the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create
a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon
and attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This
damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
’
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Minor chipsand scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets, Larger areas of finish damagecan be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust control
can collect on the underbody.If these are not removed,
accelerated corrosion (rust)can occur on the underbody
parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and exhaust
system even though they have corrosion .protection.
6-58
.
<
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Appearance Care Materials Chart
PART NUMBER
r
I
~
~~
'
USAGE
DESCRIPTION
SIZE
Shines vehicle without scratching
2.75 sq. ft.
Chamois
16 oz. (0.473
Tar
and
Road
Oil
Remover[Also removesold waxes andpolishes
Removes rust and corrosion
[ ~1607_(0473L) --Chrome Cleaner and Polish-r
Removes soil and black marks
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner 16
oz. (0.473 L)
Exterior
cleaner
polish
and
Manic Mirror Cleaner Polish 16
oz. (0.473 L)
. Spot and stain removal
32 oz. (0.946 L)
Vinyl and Leather Cleaner
Cleans grease, grime and smoke film Glass Cleane
oz. (0.680 L)
I050427
Cleans vinyl, cloth, tires and mats
6 Ibs. (2.72 kg) 1050429
Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
For cloth
Spot Lifter
105 1398"
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Windshield washer solvent and antifreeze
32 oz. (0.946 L)
I051515
Optikleen@
Wash and Wax Concentrate
Exterior wash
16 oz. (0.473 L)
1052870
Protects vinyl, leather and rubber
Armor All Protector
1052918""
8 oz. (0.237 L)
oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner 16
Spray on wheel cleaner
1052929
Attracts and absorbs soils
Capture Dry Spot Remover
8 oz. (0.237 L)
1052930
Cleans vinyl, leather and rubber
oz. (0.473 L)
Armor All Cleaner 16
12345002**
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
Shines tires
12345725
* Not recommended for pigskin suede-leather.
Motors Parts Department for these products.
in the
Index.
**Not recommended for use on instrument
panel
vinyl.
See
"Fluids
and
Lubricants"
I050004
1050172
1050173
1050174
105020 1
10502 14
~
~
~
~~
1~
L)-1
~~~
~~
~
1
~
~~
~
~~
~~
\
TM
~
'
I
~~
~
~~~~
~
~~
'
649
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of the glove box. It’s
very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this
label is:
f
E N G I N E y l 9 9 6 A - \ ASSEMBLY
CODE
M,ODEL YEAR
PLANT
l
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in.thefront corner of the instrumentpanel, on the
driver’s side. You can see itif you look through the
windshield from outside yourvehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code wil1,help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
6-60
0
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
paint information, and
0
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be surethat this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Headlamps
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlampwiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the lamp switch. An electrical overload will cause the
lamps to flicker on and off, or in some cases to remain
off. If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anyth’ing electrical
to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipmentcan damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’tbe covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
as
can keep other components from working
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected bya circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc,, the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
Although the’circuitis protected from electrical
overload, overload due to heavy snow, etc., may cause
wiper linkage damage.Always clear ice and heavy snow
from the the windshield before using the windshield
wipers. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem and not snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
6-61
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows ahd other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes:
This protects the circuit u.ntil the current load returns to
normal or the problem is fixed.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuitsby a combination of fuses, circuitbreakers
and fusiblethermal links in the wiring itself. This
greatly reduces the chance of fires causedby electrical
problems. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index
for more information.
6-62
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever havea problem on the road and don’t havea
spare fuse,you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
Instrument Panel FuseBlock
The fuse block access door
is on the driver’s side edge
of the instrument panel. Pull
off the cover to access the
fuse block.
You can remove fuses with a fuseextractor. The fuse
extractor is mounted to the fuse block access door.
To remove fuses if you don’t have a fuse extractor,hold
the end of the fuse between your thumb and index finger
and pull straight out.
6-63
Usage
-1
0 1
0 7
0 3
0 4
o9
0
lo
Fuse
Usage
1 . . . . . . . . . Stop/TCC Switch, Buzzer, CHMSL,
Hazard Lamps, Stoplamps
2 . . . . . . . . . Transfer Case
6-64
Fuse
3 . . . . . . . . . Courtesy Lamps, Cargo Lamp, Glove
Box Lamp, Dome/Reading Lamps,
Vanity Mirrors, Power Mirrors
4 . . . . . . . . . Instrument Cluster, DRL Relay, Lamp
Switch, Keyless Entry, Low Coolant
Module, Illuminated Entry Module,
DRAC (Diesel Engine)
5 . . . . . . . . . . Rear Comfort Controls
6 . . . . . . . . . Cruise Control
7 . . . . . . . . . Auxiliary Power Outlet
8 . . . . . . . . . Air.Bag System
9 . . . . . . . . . License Lamp, Parking Lamps,
Taillamps, Roof Marker Lamps,
Tailgate Lamps, Front Sidemarkers,
Fog Lamp Relay, Door Switch
Illumination, Fender Lamps, Headlamp
Switch Illumination
10 . . . . . . . . Air Bag System
11 . . . . . . . . Wiper Motor,Washer Pump
12 . . . . . . . . A/C, A/C Blower, High Blower Relay
-. ._
Usage
Fuse
Usage
13 . . . . . . . . Power Amp, Rear Liftglass, Cigarette
Lighter, Door Lock Relay, Power
Lumbar Seat
14 . . . . . . . . 4WD Indicator, Cluster, Front and Rear
Comfort Controls, instrument
Switches, Radio Illumination,
Chime Module
15 . . . . . . . . DRL Relay, Fog Lamp Relay
16 . . . . . . . . Front and Rear Turn Signals, Back-up
Lamps, BTSI Solenoid
17 . . . . . . . . Radio (Ignition)
18 . . . . . . . . 4WAL/VCM, ABS, Cruise Control
19 . . . . . . . . Radio (Battery)
4
Fuse
20 . . . . . . . . PRNDL, Automatic Transmission,
- ;c- ;
Speedometer, Check Gages,
'.. - . .
:,,:-:. .-.?Warning
,.
Lights
. .
21 . . . . . . . . Not Used
22 . . . . . . . . Not Used
23 . . . . . . . . Rear Wiper, Rear Washer Pump
24 . . . . . . . . Front Axle, 4WD Indicator Lamp, TP2
Relay (Gasoline Engine)
A . . . . . . . . . Power Door Lock, Six-Way Power
Seat, Keyless Entry Module
B . . . . . . . . . Power Windows
.
,,/
*
J
.
1'I' ) .
6-65
Underhood Fusemelay Center
The underhood fusehelay center is located in the rear
of the engine compartment near the brake fluid
reservoir. Move the retainer clips for the cover to
access the fuse block.
You can remove fuses with a fuse extractor. The fuse
extractor is mounted to the interior fuse block. To
remove fuses if you don’t have a fuse extractor, hold the
end of the fuse between your thumb and index finger
and pull straight out.
6-66
Fuse
FUEL SOL . . . .
GLOW PLUG ,
HORN . . . . . . .
AUX FAN . . . .
ECM- 1 . . . . . . .
U
I-[
ION
RELAY
J
A/c . . . . . . . . . .
ENG- 1 . . . . . . .
RELAY
Fuse
ECM-B . . . . . . .
RR DEFOG . . .
IGN-E . . . . . . .
00
Usage
Fuel Pump, PCMNCM
Rear Window Defogger
Auxiliary Fan Relay Coil,
A/C Compressor Relay, Hot
Fuel Module
LIGHTING . . .
BATT . . . . . . . .
IGN-A . . . . . . .
IGN-B . . . . . . .
ABS . . . . . . . . .
BLOWER. . . . .
Usage
Fuel Solenoid (Diesel Engine)
Glow plugs (Diesel Engine)
Horn, Underhood Lamps
Auxiliary Fan
Injectors, PCM/VCM
Air Conditioning
Ignition Switch, EGR, Canister
Purge, EVRV Idle Coast
Solenoid, Heated 0 2 , Fuel
Heater (Diesel Engine), Water
Sensor (Diesel Engine)
Headlamp and Panel Dimmer
Switch, Fog and Courtesy Fuses
Battery, Fuse Block Busbar
Ignition Switch
Ignition Switch
Anti-Lock Brake Module
Hi Blower and Rear Blower Relays
6-67
Replacement Bulbs
LAMP OR BULB
HEADLAMPS
2 Headlamp System (Sealed Beam)
Low/High Beam
4 Headlamp System (Composite)
LowIHigh Beam
High Beam
TRADE NO.
POWER RATINGAT
12.8V, WATTS
H6054
35/65
2
6052
9005
55/65
65
2
2
LAMP OR BULB
EXTERIOR
Front Marker Lamp
Front Parking and Turn Lamp
Rear Parking Lamp
Rear Stop and Turn Lamp
Back-up Lamp
Roof Marker Lamp*
License Plate Lamp
Underhood Lamp
Reel Lamp
TRADE NO.
*Suburban Only
6-68
194
2357NA
3057
3057
3156
194
194
232
232
2
5
2
1
1
LAMP ORBULB
INTERIOR
Dome Lamps
Reading Lamps
Roof Console Lamps*
Door Courtesy Lamp
Four-Wheel-Drive Indicator
Four-Wheel-Drive Shift Lever
Instrument Panel Compartment Lamp
Ashtray Lamp
Sunshade Vanity Mirror
TRADE NO.
211-2
2
211-2
168
194
194
194
194
194
74
4
2
2/4*
1
1
1
1
4
*Suburban Only
6-69
Capacities and Specifications
--
Engine Identification Gasoline ‘Engines
Engine
Type
RPO Code
“VORTEC” 5700
“VORTEC” 7400
V8
V8
L3 1
L29
R
J
SFI*
SFI*
MODEL
DESCRIPTION
TORQUE
C 1500
5 bolts (14 mm)
140 lb-ft (190 N-m)’
K 1500, C-K 2500
6 bolts (14 mm)
140 lb-ft ( 190 N-m)
C-K 2500
8 bolts (14 mm)
140 lb-ft (190 Nem)
VIN Code
Fuel System
* Sequential Fuel Injection
Wheels and Tires
Tire Pressure
6-70
See the Certificatioflire label onthe rear edge of the driver’s door
or the incomplete vehicle document in the cab.
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts-- Gasoline Engines
Replacement part numbers listed In this section are based on the latest information available at the time of printing,
and are subject to change. If a part listed in this manual is not the same asthe part used in your .vehicle when it was
built, or if you have any questions, please contact your GM truck dealer.
Engine
VIN
Oil Filter
Air Cleaner Filter
Spark Plugs *
VORTEC” 5700
R
PF1218T
A 1300C
4 1-932
0.060 in. (1.52 mm)
GF626
22154886
Trico
18 inches (45.0 cm)
22154396
Trico
14 inches (35.5 cm)
“four-Wheel-Drive Vehicles -- use a PF52 oil filter.
Plug
Spark
Gap
Fuel Filter
Blades.Wiper
(Front)
Wiper Blade Type (Front)
Wiper Blade Length (Front)
Wiper Blade (Rear)
Wiper Blade Type (Rear)
Wiper Blade Length (Rear)
46VORTEC”7400
J
PF1218
A1 3OOC
4 1-932
0.060 in. (1.52 mm)
GF626
22154886
Trico
18 inches (45.0 cm)
22154396
Trico
14 inches (35.5 cm)
Cooling System Capacity (Approximate)
After refill, the level must be rechecked. See “Cooling
System” inthe Index.
ENGINE
QTY With Rear Heater
VIN
QTY
Without
Rear
Heater
“VORTEC” 5700
R
17.5 Quarts (1615 L)
20 Quarts (19 L)
“VORTEC” 7400
J
25 Quarts (23.5 L)
27.5 Quarts (26 L)
Crankcase Capacity (Approximate)
After refill, the level must be rechecked. See “Engine
Oil” in the Index.
WITH FILTER?
QUANTITY
ENGINE,
VIN
“VORTEC” 5700
R
5 Quarts (4.8 L)
“VORTEC” 7400
J
7 Quarts (6.5 L)
?Oil filter should be changed at every oil change.
6-72
Fuel Tank Capacity (Approximate)
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Utility Model - Standard
30 Gallons (1 13 L)
Not all air conditioningrefrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you're not sure, ask your GM dealer.
Wagon Model - Standard
42 Gallons (159 L)
See refrigerant charge label under the hood for charge
capacity information and requirements.
TYPE
QUANTITY
Gasoline/Diesel
NOTES
6-74
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
IMPORTANT-
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
This section covers the maintenance required for your
vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its
safety, dependability and emission control performance.
Protection
Plan
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important.Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty andOwner Assistance booklet,or your
GM dealerfor details.
7-1
How This Section is Organized
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get the service
information GM publishes. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what toh-avedone and how often. Someof these
services can be complex,so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department oranother qualified
service center do these jobs.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked whenever you stop for fuel. It
also explains what you can easily do to help keep your
vehicle in good condition.
A CAUTION:
I
Performingmaintenanceworkon a vehicle can“Part
be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the requiredknow-how
and the propertools and equipment for the job.
If.you have any doubt,
have a qualified
technician do thework.
’
I
I
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important inspections that your GM dealer’s
service department or another qualified service center
should perform.
D: Recommended Fluids andLubricants”
lists some products GM recommends to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do the.work
yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” provides a place
for you to record the maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
sure towrite it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is a good idea to keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
Part A:’Scheduled-Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors wantto help you keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we don’t know exactly
how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short distances
only a few times a week. Or you may drive long
distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may
use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive
it to work, to do en-andsor in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and notehow you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your GM dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and whenyou should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part
D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these.
All parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs
done before you or anyone else drives thevehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
0
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
CertificatiodTire label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
are driven off-road in the recommended manner. See
“Off-Road Driving With Your Four-Wheel-Drive
Vehicle” in the Index.
0
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Gasoline engine vehicles and diesel engine vehicles
have different maintenance requirements. If you have a
diesel engine, follow a schedule designated for diesel
engine vehicles only.
See the Diesel Engine Supplement for diesel engine
maintenance schedules.
7-3
Maintenance Schedule
Short Trip/City Definition
-- Gasoline Engines
Follow the Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule if any
one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This isparticularly important when outside
temperatures arebelow freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driying in stop-and-go traffic).
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas or
off-road frequently.
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
0 If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other,commercial application.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule if you
operate your vehicle under any of these conditions is that
these conditions cause engine oil to break down soonel:
Short'Trip/City Intervals
-- Gasoline Engines
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first). Chassis
Lubrication (or 3 months, whichever occurs first). Drive
Axle Service (or3 months, whichever occurs first).
--
At 6,000 Miles(10 000 km) Then Every
12,000 Miles (20 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Shields and
Underhood Insulation Inspection(GVWR above
8,500 lbs. only). Thermostatically Controlled Engine
Cooling Fan Check' (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Front Wheel Bearing Repack(2WD only)
(or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Fuel Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines
Inspection. Exhaust Gas Recirculation System
Inspection. Evaporative Control System Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection.
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
Maintenance Schedule
Follow this maintenanceschedule only if none of the
conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance
Schedule is true.
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine
under highway conditions causes engine oil tobreak
down s10w.e~
Every 7,500 Miles (12500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months,' whichever occurs first).
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whicheve:r
occurs first). Drive Axle Service.
At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) Then Every
15,000 Miles (25000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25000 km): Shields and
Underhood Insulation Inspection (GVWR above
8,500 lbs. only). Thermostatically Controlled Engine
Cooling Fan Check (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
--
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Fuel Filter
Replacement. Front Wheel Bearing Repack
(2WD only) (or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic
Transmission Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines
Inspection. Exhaust Gas Recirculation System
Inspection. Evaporative Control ,System Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection.Spark Plug Replacement.
Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Valve Inspection.
These intervals onlysummarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete maintenance scheduleon
the following pages.
7-5
I
Short Trip/City MaintenanceSchedule
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
( 166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
-- GasolineEngines
**
Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential -- Drain fluid and refill at first
engine oil change. At subsequent oil changes, check
fluid level and add fluid as needed. If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
Footnotes
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that
the failure toperform this maintenance item will not
nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of the vehicle's useful life.
We, however, urge that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the indicated
intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
# Lubricate the front suspension, kingpin bushings,
steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, front
axle propshaft splines and brake pedal springs. Ball
joints and kingpin bushings should not be lubricated
unless their temperature is 10°F (-12"C), or higher,
or they could be damaged.
7-6
Standard Differential -- Clieck fluid level and add
fluid as needed at every oil change. If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
More frequent lubrication may be required for
heavy-duty or off-road use.
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines I
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
0Change engine oil.and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs fist).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid leveland add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocityjoints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspectionand Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
I
DATE
1
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BYI
7-7
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule=- Gasoline Engines
9,O.OO Miles (15 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter(or every
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0Change
3 months, whichever occurs first).
engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle .fluid level
and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfrontaxle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for lealung. **
~~
DATE
7-8
~~
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
DATE (ACTUAL
MILEAGE
ISERVICED BY: I
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines I
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine
oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first). .
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassiscomponents; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Cl Check readfront axle fluid leveland add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leahng. * *
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. *Thisis a Noise Emission
0If your engine has a thermostatically
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
every
and ducts for proper hook-up (or
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve worksproperly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
7-9
1
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
I
I 21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs .first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
n Lubricate chassis components; see footnotek
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
[7 Check readfrontaxle fluid level and add
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
axle seals for leaking. **
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
L
I
DATE
7-10
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
I
-- Gasoline Engines I
3
Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for lealung. **
(OB
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
i
7-11
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines
1
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0If your engine has a thermostatically
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
c]Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is n Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
7-12
.
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is n Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles’sold in the United States.
0Rotate tires. See ‘Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom
of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule =- Gasoline Engines I
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
1 36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see ,footnote#
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE.
SERVICED B Y
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
=-
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
I3 Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An.Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
J
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “The Inspection and Rotation”
in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
I
7-14
Gasoline Engines I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
3
SERVICED B Y
-
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leahng. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust.
or replace as required. This isa Noise Emission
If your engine has a thermostatically
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This isa Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
7-15
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
-- Gasoline Engines
48,000 Miles (80 OOOkm)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote ##
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid leveland add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
50,000 Miles (83 000 km),
0Change automatictransmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 O F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain..
- .When doing frequent
trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions,the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
DATE
7-16
ACTUAL MILEAGE
’
SERVICED BY:
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule== Gasoline Engines I
51,000 Miles (85000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter(or every
S4,OOO Miles f90 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
17 Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
SERVICED B Y
7-17
--
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule Gasoline Engines
57,000 Miles (95000 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
17 Change
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
engine oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote k
'(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfrontaxle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damageor ,looseness.Adjust
or replace asrequired. This is a Noise Emission
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Control Service. Applicableonly to vehicles sold in
the United States.
_L
7-18
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
0If your engine has a thermostatical-ly
0Conduct evaporative control system
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
inspection. Check all fuel and vapor lines
and hoses for proper hook-up, routing and
condition. Check that the purge valve works
properly (if equipped). Replace as needed.
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect engine accessorydrive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control 5ervice.
0Conduct Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
system hspection as described in the
service manual. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-19
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule-= Gasoline Engines
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or’ every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote ##
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
7-20
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote##
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines I
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
72,000 Miles (120 000km)
C
l Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs'first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0Lubricate chassiscomponents; see footnote #
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid 'asneeded. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
I
I
f
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
L
~
7-21
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the .front wheel bearings (or at
each brake,relining,whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is aNoise Emission
Control Service.,Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United Sta.tes.
7-22
0If your engine has a thermostatically
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines I
~~
78,000 Miles (130000 km)
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whchever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
CI Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(orevery 3 months,whicheveroccursfirst).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
e
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whchever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals forleaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-23
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals forleaking. **
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
7-24
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
ACTUAL MILEAGE
DATE SERVICED
BY
~~~
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
90,000 Miles (150000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Replace fuel filter.An Emission Control Service.
0Rotate tires. See ‘Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation .pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
-
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is n Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicableonly to vehicles sold in
the United States.
0If your engine has a thermostatically
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicableonly to
vehicles sold in the United Stutes.
7-25
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines
93,000 Miles (155000 km)
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and,filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
.3 ‘months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add
fluid as needed. Check constantvelocity
joints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
7-26
”
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BYI
JSERVICED
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfrontaxle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGESERVICED
BY
k
i
0Change en,gineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassiscomponents; see footnote #
(or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant v<elocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
,,
every 60 monthssincelastservice,whichever
occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean
radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test cooling system and pressurecap.
An Emission Control Service.
7
0Inspect spark plugwires.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
(Continued)
DATE
‘,
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
I
7-27
I
--
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule Gasoline Engines I
\
100,SOO Miles'(166 000 km) (Continued)
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one ormore of these conditions:
-
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 OF
(32°C) or higher.
- Uses such as found.in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under.any of
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
0Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation
(Pcv)valve. An Emission Control Service.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
\
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-28
BY:
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000miles
(166 00.0 km)should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
** Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential -- Drain fluid and refill at first
engine oil change. At subsequent oil changes, check
fluid level and add fluid as needed. If driving in
dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid andrefill
every 15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
Standard Differential -- Check fluid level and add
fluid as needed at every engine oil change. If driving
in dusty areas ortowing a trailer, drain fluid and
refill every 15,000 miles (25 '000 km).
0
More frequentlubrication may be required for
heavy-duty or off-road use.
Footnotes
-f The U.S.Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that
the failure to perform this maintenance item will not
nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of the vehicle's useful life.
We, however, urge that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the indicated
intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
# Lubricate the front suspension, kingpin bushings,
steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, transfer
case shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, front
axle propshaft splines and brake pedal springs. Ball
joints and kingpin bushings should not be lubricated
unless their temperature is 10°F (-12"C), or higher,
or they could be damaged.
7-29
I
-
--
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule Gasoline Engines
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs fist).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service;
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
I
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
‘
I
7-30
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfrontaxle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is a Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
0If your engine has a thermo,statically
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ductsfor proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocityjoints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
7-31
1
Long Z’rip/Highway Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines
30,000 Miles (50000 km)
I7 Change engine oiland filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote ##
(or every 12 months, whicheveroccurs first).
CI Check readfront axle fluid level
and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
,
joints and axle seals for lealung. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Replace fuelfilter. An Emission Control Service.
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shieldsand underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required.This is a’Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
7-32
0If your engine has a thermostatically
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts forproper hook-up (or every
12 months,whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
I
Long Trip/Highway. Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
45,000 Miles (75000 km)
[7 Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs frrst).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check‘ constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate- tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for fieedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
I
ACTUAL MIL,EAGE IsERVICED BY:
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is a Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicableonly to vehicles sold in
the United States.
(Continued)
I
I Long TriplHighway Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines 1
~~
45,000 Miles (75 000 knz) (Continued)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0If your engine has a thermostatically
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses and
ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 F
(32 O C ) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
O
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
DATE
7-34
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY:
I
17 Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check-readfrontaxle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace fuelfilter. An Enzission Control Service.
(Continued)
7-35
I
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedult;-- Gasoline Engines
~~
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
0Inspect-fueltank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket forany
damage. Replaceparts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
Vehicles With GVWR Above8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is a Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
0Conduct ExhaustGas Recirculation (EGR)
system inspection as described in the
service manual.An Emission Control Service.
0Conduct evaporativecontrol system
inspection. Check all fuel and vapor lines
and hoses forproper hook-up, routing and
condition. Checkthat the purge valve works
properly, if equipped. Replace as needed.
An.Emission Control Service. T
0If your engine has athermostatically
controlled cooling fan, inspectall hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up(or every
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
7-36
FF=m
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
i
BY
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
12 months, whichever occurs first).
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months,whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriateGM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote ##
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axlefluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axleseals for leaking. **
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace asrequired. This is a Noise Emission
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
1
(Continued)
7-37
I Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule -- Gasoline Engines I
75,000 Miles (125 000 km) (Continued)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0If your engine has a thermostatically
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
controlled cooling fan, inspect all hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (orevery
12 months, whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
DATE
7-38
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and
add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking.**
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
Drooer caliDer service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote #
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add
fluid as needed. Check constant velocity
joints and axle seals for leaking. **
0For Two-Wheel-Drive vehicles only: Clean
and repack the front wheel bearings (or at
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Replace fuel filter. An Emission Control Service.
0Vehicles With GVWR Above 8,500 lbs.
Only: Inspect shields and underhood
insulation for damage or looseness. Adjust
or replace as required. This is a Noise Emission
If your engine has a thermostatically
.controlled cooling fan, inspectall hoses
and ducts for proper hook-up (or every
12 months,whichever occurs first). Be sure
the valve works properly. This is a Noise
Emission Control Service. Applicable only to
vehicles sold in the United States.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Control Service. Applicable only to vehicles sold in
the United States.
7-39
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule-- Gasoline Engines
97,500 Miles (162 500 km).
Cl&ge engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate chassis components; see footnote#
(or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check constant velocity joints and
axle seals for leaking. **
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’
in the Index for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. During tire rotation,
check brake calipers for freedom of movement.
Refer to the appropriate GM service manual for
proper caliper service procedures.
DATE
‘7-40
ACTUAL MILEAGE. SERVICED BY:
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Cl Drain., flush and refill cooling system
(or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the
cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service.
-
0Change automatic
transmissionfluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or more of these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90O F
(32O C) orhigher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as foundin taxi, police.or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
0Inspect Positive Crankcase Ventilation
(Pcv)valve. An Emission Control Service.
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
I
7-41
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Listed below are owner checksand services which
should beperformed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the engine coolantlevel and add the proper
coolant mix if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” inthe
Index for further details.
Be sure anynecessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make surethey are the proper ones, asshown
in Part D.
At EachFuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a service station attendantto
pe$orm these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluidif
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Engine Oil Level Check
Make suretires are inflated to the correct pressures.
See “Tires” in the Index for further details.
Check the engine oil
level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Cassette Deck Service
7-42
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
At Least Twice a Year
At Least Once aYear
Restraint System Check
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Lookfor any other looseor damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing itsjob, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Lubricate the key lock cylinderswith the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Lubricate all fuel door, body hood and body door
hinges, rear compartmenthinges, tailgate handle pivot
points, latches, locks and folding seat hardware. Part D
tells you what to use. More frequent lubrication may be
required when exposed to acorrosive environment.
Air Cleaner Filter Restriction Indicator Check
Starter Switch Check
Your vehicle has an indicator on the engine that lets you
know when the air cleaner filter is dirty and needs to be
changed. Check indicator at least twice a year or when
your oil is changed. See “Air Cleaner” in the Index for
more information.
Automatic Transmission Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle
could
move suddenly.If it does, youor others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transmission” in the Index. A fluid loss
may indicate a problem. Check the system and repair
if needed.
7-43
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock
(BTSI) Check
’ A CAUTION:
I
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the regular
brake.
NOTE. Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or otherscould be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on
a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engineoff, turn the key to the RUN position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the regular
brake, try to move the’shift lever out ofPARK (P) with
normal effort. If the shift lever moves outof
PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI needs service.
7-44
Steering Column Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the key to LOCKin each shift lever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
'To check the parking brake: With the engine running
and transmission in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove
foot pressure from the regular brake pedal. Do this
until the vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism's holding ability:
With the engine running,shift to PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
Parking Brakeand Automatic Transmission
PARK (P) Mechanism Check
-
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
-
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or otherscould be
injured and propertycould be damaged. Make
sure thereis room infront of your vehicle in case
it beginsto roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake atonce shouldthe vehicle begin to move.
7-45
,
Part C: Periodic Maintenanc,e
Inspections
Listed below are inspectionsand services which should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each
spring and fall). You should let your GM dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a GM Service Manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose ormissing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.
7-46
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause aheat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in
the Index.
Radiator and Heater Hose Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed,
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding,
and for damage or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any cables that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise
control cables.
Drive Axle Service
Brake System Inspection
Check readfront axle fluid level and add as needed.
Check constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.
Inspect the complete ,system. Inspect brake.lines and
hoses for properhook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surfacecondition. Also inspect drum'brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheel.cylinders,calipers, parlung brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You may need to have
your brakes inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditionsresult in frequent braking.
Transfer Case (Four-wheel Drive)
Inspection
Every 12 months or at oil change intervals, check front
axle and transfer case and add lubricant when necessary.
Oil the control lever pivot point and all exposed control
linkage. Check vent hose at transfer case for kinks and
proper installation. More frequent lubrication may be
required on off-road use.
7-47
~
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants,
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained fromyour
GM dealer.
USAGE
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Coolant
Supplement
Sealer
GM Part No. 3634621 or
equivalent with a complete flush
and refill.
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM
Part No. 1052884 - 1 pt.,
1050017 - 1 qt., or equivalent).
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON@-I11 Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
~
FLUIDLUBRICANT
~~
Engine Oil
(Gasoline
Engine)
Engine Coolant
7-48
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil”in the Index.
50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled) and GM
Goodwrench@ DEX-COOLTM or
Havoline@DEX-COOL
(orange-colored, silicate-free)
antifreeze conforming to GM
Specification 6277M. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index.
@
~~
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Pu ose Lubricant,
Superlube% (GM Part
No. 1234624 1 or equivalent).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent)or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Propeller Shaft
SplineLJniversal
Joint and
Propeller Shaft
Chassis lubricant (GMPart
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Front Wheel
Bearings
Wheel bearing lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category GC or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 1051344 orequivalent).
Differential,
Front and Rear
Axle
Axle Lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052271) or SAE 8OW-90
GL-5 Gear Lubricant.
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate lubricant aerosol (GM
Part No. 12346293 or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
~~
Transfer Case
DEXRON@-I11Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
7-49
IUSAGE
TFLUIDLUBRICANT
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-puoselubricant,
% (GM Part
Superlube
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Body Door
Hinge Pins,
Tailgate Hinge
and Linkage,
Folding Seat,
Fuel Door Hinge
Multl-puoselubricant,
,
%
Superlube (GM Part
No. 1234624 1 or equivalent).
Outer Tailgate
Handle Pivot
Points
Multi-puoselubricant
% (GM Part
Superlube
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
I
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
7-50
Squeaks
Gas Line
Multi-pu oselubricant,
% (GM Part
Superlube
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Gas Line De-Icer (GM Part
No. 1051516).
See “Replacement Parts”in the Index‘for recommended
replacement filters,valves and spark plugs.
Dielectric Silicone Grease(GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes providedafter the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checksand
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-51
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-52
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if
you need assistance. This section also tells you how
to obtain service publications and how to report any
safety defects.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
This section includes information on:
a The Customer Satisfaction Procedure
0
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
a Roadside Assistance
0
Courtesy Transportation
0
BBB Auto Line -- Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
0
Reporting Safety Defects
0
Service and Owner Publications
8-1
~,
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Chevrolet. Normally, any concern you may
have with your vehicle can be handled byyour selling or
servicing dealer. Your dealer has the facility, trained
technicians, special tools and up-to-date information to
promptly address any issue which may arise. Chevrolet
has empowered its dealers to makedecisions and repair
vehicles, and they are eager to resolveyour concern to
your completesatisfaction. If your concern has not been
resolved to your satisfaction, take the following steps:
For helpoutside of the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealer management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the Sales, Serviceor Parts
Manager, contact the owner of the dealershipor the
General Manager.
0
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
0
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0 122
0
In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763-13 15
0
In other overseas locations, call GM North American
Export Sales in Canada at: 1-905-644-4112.
STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of
dealership management, it appearsyour concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without further
help, contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance
Center by calling 1-800-222- 1020. In Canada,
contact GMof Canada Customer Assistance Center
in Oshawaby calling 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
In the U S . Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
0
,
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-41 35
(English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish)
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This 'is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
0
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call usso we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Chevrolet, write to:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet foraddresses of Canadian and
GM Overseas offices.
When contacting Chevrolet,please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved in the dealership,
using the dealer's facilities, equipment and personnel.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One firstif
you have a concern.
Customer Assistancefor Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who useText Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipmentavailable at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Chevrolet by dialing: I-800-833-CHEV. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Chevrolet RoadsideAssistance Program
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA
(1-800-243-8872). This toll-free number will provide
you over-the-phone roadside assistance with minor
mechanical problems. If your problem cannot be
resolved over the phone, our advisors have access to a
nationwide network of dealer recommended service
providers. Roadside membership is free, however some
services may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy" Care:
0
Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA
Free towing for warranty repairs
Basic over-the-phone technical advice
0
To enhance Chevrolet's strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet/Geo Roadside Assistance
Center. As the owner of a 1996 Chevrolet/Geo,
membership in RoadsideAssistance is free.
8-4
Available dealer services at reasonable costs (ie.,
wrecker services, locksmithkeyservice, glass
repair, etc.)
ROADSIDE Courtesy " Care PROVIDES:
Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined above)
Plus:
FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
For complete program details, see your Chevrolet/Geo
dealer to obtain a Roadside Assistance Center brochure.
FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that
will provide you with quality and priority service. When
roadside services are required, our advisors will explain
any payment obligations that may be incurred for
utilizing outside services.
FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on
the road)
Chs;vrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for
customers needing warranty service. Courtesy
Transportation will be offered in conjunction with
the coverage provided by the Bumper to Bumper
New Vehicle Limited Warranty to eligible purchasers
of 1996 Chevrolet/Geo passenger car and light duty
trucks. (Please see your selling dealer for details.)
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor:
Note: Courtesy Care is available to Retail and Retail Lease
Customers operating 1996 and newer Chevrolet/Geo
vehicles fora period of 36 monlfis/36,000 miles,
whichever occurs first. AllCourtesy Care services
must be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
Service Management.
0
Basic Care and Courtesy Cure are not part of or
included in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to
modify or discontinue Basic Care and Courtesy Care
at any time.
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Please refer to the Roadside Assistance brochure
inside your owner information portfolio for full
program details.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
0
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada orthe United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Note: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements will
be administered by your ChevroletIGeo dealer
service management. Claim amounts should reflect
all actual costs.
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for
customers needing warranty service. Courtesy
Transportation will be offered in conjunction with the
coverage provided by the Bumper toBumper New
Vehicle Limited Warranty to retail purchasers of
1996 ChevroletIGeo passenger cars and light duty
trucks (please see yourselling dealer fordetails).
Courtesy Transportation includes:
One way shuttle ride for any warranty repair
completed during the same day.
Up to $30 maximum daily vehicle rental allowance for
any overnight warranty repair upto five days, OR
0
Up to $30 maximum daily cab, bus or other
transportation allowance in lieu of rental for any
overnight warranty repair up to five days,OR
8-6
Up to $10 daily fuel allowance' for rides provided by
another person (i.e., friend, neighbor, etc.) in lieu of
rental for any overnight warranty repair up to five
days.
0
ChevroletIGeo Courtesy Transportation is not part
of the Bumper to Bumper New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Chevrolet/Geo reserves the right to make
any changes or discontinue Courtesy Transportation
at any time without,notification.
0
For additional program details, contact your
ChevroletIGeo dealer.
In .Canada,please consult your GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Some state insuranceregulations make it impractical to
rent vehicles to people under 21 years of age. If you are
under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Chevrolet
will reimburse up to$30/day for documented
transportation you receive.
There may be instances ,wherean impartial third party
For warranty repairs during the CompleteVehicle
can assistin arriving ata solution toa disagreement
Coverage period in the New VehicleLimited Warranty,
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation
of the New
interim transportation may be available under the
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Toassist in resolving these
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details. The Roadside Assistance program is disagreements, Chevrolet voluntarily participates in
BBB AUTO LINE.
available only in the United States and Canada.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
GM Participation in BBB AUTO
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
LINE Alternative Dispute
settle disputes .between customers and automobile
manufacturers. This program is available free
of charge
Resolution Program*
to customerswho currently own or leasea GM vehicle.
.. *This program may not be available in all states,
If.you are not satisfied after following the Customer
depending on statelaw. Canadian owners refer toyour
Satisfaction Procedure,you may contact the BBB using
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reserves the right to change .eligibility the toll-free telephonenumber, or write them at the
following address:
limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in
this program.
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
Both Chevrolet and your Chevrolet dealer
are committed
4200 Wilson Boulevard
to making sure you are completely satisfied with your new
Suite 800
vehicle. Our experience has shown that, ifa situation
Arlington, VA 22203
arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
described earlier in this section is very successful.
--
8-7
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
and a statement of the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. TheBBB will attempt
to resolve thecomplaint serving as an intermediary
between you and Chevrolet. If this mediation is
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligiblecustomers may present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitratorwill make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire disputeresolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 4-0 days from the
time you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filinga claim with a. state-runarbitration program
or inthe courts.For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Chevrolet Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-222- 1020.
8-8
REPORTING SAF-TY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash' or could
cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists-in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) orwrite to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtainother information about motor
vehicle safety from theHotline.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
Service and Owner Publications
em
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediatelynotify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario KlG 352
-REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you'llnotify
us. Please call us at 1-800-222- 1020 or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 7047
Troy, Michigan 48007-7047
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of 'Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service manuals, servicebulletins, owner's manuals and
other service literature are
avai1,ablefor purchase for all
current andmany past model General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephonenumbers for ordering information:
United States . . . . . . . 1-800-55 1-4123
Canada
'
. . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-668-5539
8-9
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair
information forall chassis and body systems. They
may be useful for owners who wish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful for
owners with the appropriate skill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yoursel€” service. These are
authentic General Motors service manuals meant for
professional, qualified technicians.
Service Bulletins
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly
sent to allGeneral Motors dealerships. GM monitors
product performance in the field. When servicemethods
are found which promote better service on GMvehicles,
bulletins arecreated to help the technician perform
better service. Service bulletins may involve any
8-10
number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive
service; others will describe expensive service. Some
will advise of new or unexpected conditions, and others
may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins
are meant for qualifiedtechnicians. In some cases
bulletins refer to service manuals, specialized tools,
equipment and safety procedures necessary to service
the vehicle. Since thesebulletins are issued throughout
the model year and beyond, an index is required and
published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.
Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at
the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
assistance booklets provide owners with general
operation and maintenance information.
Section 9 Index
A i r Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
Adding Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
1-32
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 1
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-31
1.30. 2.59
ReadinessLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-34
1-32
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
1-32
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-16
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Cleaner Filter Restriction Indicator Check . . . . . . . . 7-43
3-6
AirConditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-73
Alignment and Balance. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
6-57
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antenna. Fixed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
6-25
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.62.4.6
3-24
Anti.Theft. Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5 1
6-59
Appearance Care Materials ........................
8-7
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Armrest Storage Compartment ....................
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52
3-26
Audio Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9
Automatic Transmission
7-43
Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
2-14
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-16
7-45
Park Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
Auxiliary Power Outlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Axle. Front ...........................
. . . . . . . . . 6-23
Axle. Locking Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
Axle. Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-22
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-35
5-2
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
Replacement. KeylessEntry .....................
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
8-7
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
9-1
Brake
6-34.
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-31
Fluid .......................................
Master Cylinder ..............................
6-3 1
2-21
Parking ......................................
6-34
PedalTravel ..................................
6-34
Replacing System Parts ........................
2-61
System Warning Light .........................
4-49
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission Shift Interlock Check . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . 7-44
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
Brakes, Anti-Lock ............................... 4-6
4-5
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Braking in Emergencies ...........................
2-9
Break-In, NewVehicle ...........................
2-38
Brightness Control ..............................
7-44
BTSICheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulb Replacement ..............................
6-35
Canadian Roadside Assistance ....................
8-6
6-70
Capacities and. Specifications ......................
2.25.4.40,4.48
Carbon Monoxide ....................
Cargo Security Shade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Cargo Tie Downs ...............................
2-50
Cassette Deck Service ...........................
7-42
Cassette Tape Player . .' .....................
3- 12. 3- 14
Cassette Tape Player Care ........................
3-27
Cassette Tape Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 13. 3. 17
CD Player Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Bulb Replacement . . . . 6-41
1-36
Center Passenger Position ........................
4-41
CertificationEire Label ..........................
4-48
Chains.Safety .................................
9-2
.
6-51
Chains.Tire ....................................
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Charging System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-59
2-67
Check Gages Light ..............................
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-55
6-58
Chemical Paint Spotting ..........................
Child Restraints ................................
1-45
Securing in a Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46
.Securing in the Center Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-48
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-50
1-45
Top Strap ....................................
1-45
WheretoPut ................................
Cigarette Lighter ...............................
2-52
6-62
Circuit Breakers and Fuses ........................
Cleaner.Air ...................................
6-16
Cleaning
Aluminum Wheels ............................
6-57
Fabric ...................................... 6-52
Glass ........................................
6-55
6-52
Inside of Your Vehicle .........................
6-54
Instrument Panel ..............................
6-54
Leather .....................................
6-56
Outside of Your Vehicle ........................
6-53
Special Problems .............................
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Tires ........................................ 6-57
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
6-57
Wheels .....................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
3-2
Climate Control, Optional .........................
3-1
Climate Control, Standard .........................
3-1
Climate Control System ...........................
3-10
Clock, Setting the ................................
3-1
Comfort Controls ................................
CompactDiscCare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-28
3-1 8. 3-20
Compact Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 8. 3.22
2-39
Compass.Electronic .............................
Compass. Rearview Mirror with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
Composife Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Console Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
ConvenienceNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
2- 12
Heater, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RecoveryTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5- 13
5-1 1
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
CourtesyTransportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CruiseControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Cupholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42, 2-44
Customer Assistance for Text TelephoneUs.ers . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8- I
,
Damage, Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-58
6-58
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
5-2
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defects,ReportingSafety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 1
Defogger,RearWindow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Dolby@B Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16. 3-17
DomeLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Door
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Security Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage Pocket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driver Position . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Off-Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Throughwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
~
.
2-38
2-2
2-7
2-3
2-6
2-'46
1-21
4-32
4-1
4-2
4-33
4-13
4-39
4-29
4-27
4-14
4-8
4-51
4-35
4-38
4-31
4-29
4-37
4-49
4-2
E a s y Entry Seat (2-Door Utility) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Electrical Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 12, 3-26, 6-6 1
ElectricalSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
2-27
Electric Tailgate Glass Release ....................
Electrochromic .Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
9-3
Electronic Compass .............................
2-39
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.8.6.10
6-25
Coolant .....................................
2-12
Coolant Heater ...............................
Coolant Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42
2-62
Coolant Temperature Gage .....................
6-72
Cooling System ..............................
Exhaust ......................................
2-25
6-60
Identification ................................
7-42
OilLevelCheck ..............................
Overheating ..................................
5-9
Running While Parked .........................
2-25
6-70
Specifications . :..............................
2- 11
Starting Your ................................
6-12
EngineOil ....................................
Adding .....................................
6- 13
6-14
Additives ...................................
6-12
Checking ....................................
2-65
Pressure Gage .................................
6-15
Used .......................................
Whentochange ..............................
6-15
.Entry to the Rear Seat (Suburban Second Seat) . . . . . . . . 1- 13
Ethanol ........................................
6-4
Exhaust, Engine ................................
2-25
6-52
Fabric Cleaning . . . . . . . . . .1 .....................
FillingYourTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6-16
Filter, Air .....................................
Filter, Engine Oil ...............................
6- 15
6-56
Finish Care ....................................
6-58
Finish Damage .................................
First Gear, Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Flashers, Hazard Warning ..........................
5- 1
9-4
Flat Tire. Changing .............................
5- 19
Fluid Capacities .................................
6-72
Fluid Leak Check ............................... 6-34
7-48
Fluids and Lubricants ............................
Folding the Rear Seat (2-Door Utility) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Folding the Rear Seat (+Door Utility) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Folding the Second Seat (Suburban) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Foreign Countries. Fuel ...........................
6-4
2-17. 6-22
Four-wheel Drive .........................
..
FrenchLanguageManual ...........................
11
FrontAxle .....................................
6-23
Front Axle Locking Feature .......................
2-17
Front Park/Turn Signal Bulb Replacement . . . . . . 6-38, 6-39
Front Sidemarker Lamp Bulb Replacement .............6-40
5-8
FrontTowing ...................................
Fuel ..........................................
6-3
Canada ......................................
6-3
6-5
Filling Your Tank ...............................
Gage ........................................
2-68
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-4
System Chart .................................
6-73
6-62
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Engine Oil Pressure i ..........................
Fuel .......................................
Speedometer .................................
Tachometer ..................................
Voltmeter ...................................
Garage Door Opener. ............................
GAWR .......................................
Gear Positions, Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . .
~
..
2-62
2-65
2-68
2-57
2-57
2-60
2-44
4-42
2-14
.
~~
.
Glove Box ....................................
2-42
4-42
Gross Axle Weight Rating ........................
..................... 4-41..
GrossVehicleWeightRating
Guide
................................. 11
GVWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-41
Halogen Bulbs ................................
6-35
5- 1
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
6.36.6.37
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-30
HighLow BeamChanger ......................
2-36
On Reminder .................................
6-61
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. HeadRestraints .................................
1-5
Hearing Impaired. Customer AssistAnce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
3-7
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-30
High-Beam Headlamps ..........................
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-35
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . i ....................
4-35
Hitches. Trailer .................................
4-,48
Hood
6-6
Checking Things Under .........................
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
2-28
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3 1
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I. . 2-10
2-38
Illuminated Entry ................................
Inflation, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-44
Inside Rearview Mirror ..........................
2-39
Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-46
Brakesystem ................................ 7-47
~~~~
~
~
ExhaustSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . 7-46
7-46
Radiator and Heater Hose .' .....................
7-47
RearAxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-46
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.46 .
Suspension ..................................
7-46
Throttle Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transfer Case (Four-wheel Drive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-47
2-54
InstrumeritPanel ...............................
Brightness Control .............................
2-38
6-54
Cleaning ......................................
2-56
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-63
FuseBlock ..................................
2-38
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jack, Tire ...............................
5-22, 5-23
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
K e y Lock Cylinders Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-43
2-4
Keyless Entry System ............................
Keys ........................................... 2-1
(.
Labels
4-41
Certificationnire ..............................
Service Parts Identification .....................
6-60
Tire-LoadingInformation . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
Vehicle Identification Number . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
2-35
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
Dome ......................................
2-38
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
On Reminder ................................
2-37
UnderhoodReel ..............................
9-5
Latches. Seatback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
2-3
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-23
Lighter .......................................
2-52
Lights
1.30.2.59
Air Bag Readiness .......................
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.62.4.6
2-61
Brake System Warning .........................
2-59
Charging Warning System ......................
CheckGages ................................. 2-67
Daytime Running Lamps Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Headlamp High-Beam Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Safety Belt Reminder .....................
1- 17. 2-58
Service Engine Soon ........................... 2-63
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Loading YourVehicle ...........................
4-41
Lockoutswitch ................................
2-27
Locks .......................................... 2-2
Cylinder .....................................
7-43
2-2
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-43'
Key Lock Cylinder Service .....................
2-3
PowerDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Door Security .............................
2-3
Steering Column Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-45
2-27
Window ....................................
7-48
Lubricants and Fluids .............................
Lubrication Service, Body ........................
7-43
2-50
Luggage Carrier . . . . . . . . : .......................
Maintenance, Normal Replacement Parts ............ 6-7 1
Maintenance Record ............................
7-51
Maintenance Schedule ..............................
7-1
Long TripMighway Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Long TripMighway Intervals .....................
7-5
9-6
Owner Checks and Services .....................
7-42
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-48
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Short TripKity Definition .......................
7-4
7-4
Short TriplCity Intervals .........................
Maintenance. Underbody .........................
6-58
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-53
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ......................
2-63
1-1
Manual Front Seat ...............................
ManualMirror ..................................
2-41
2-27
Manualwindows ...............................
6-4
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-39
Mirrors ........................................
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
Electrochromic DayNight Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
Inside Rearview .......................... ; . . . 2-39
2-41
Manual ......................................
........................... 2-41
Power Remote Control
6-3
MMT .........................................
vi
ModelReference ..................................
MountainRoads ................................
4-35
Multifunction Lever .............................
2-29
N e t , Convenience ...............................
Neutral,AutomaticTransmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Vehicle Break-In ............................
Nightvision ...................................
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer, Trip ................................
Off-Road Driving ..............................
2-47
2-15
2-9
4-28
2-57
: 2-57
4-14
4- 10
6-12
2-44
2- 16
5-9
7-42
8-9
Winches .....................................
4-54
2-27
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Lumbar Adjustment . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts ....................
1-35
Problems on the Road ............................
5-1
.Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
4-54
PTO .........................................
8-9
Publications, Service and Owner ....................
aintSpotting,Chemical . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
rk
2- 14
Automatic Transmission ........................
2-22
Shifting Into .................................
Parking
2-9
"-AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
Brake ........................................
.Brake Mechanism Check .......................
7-45
2-9
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
Over Things That Burn ........................
With a Trailer . . . . . . .,........................
4-52
1-36
SsengerPosition ...............................
4-11
sing .......................................
:iodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-46
wer
2-53
Auxiliary Outlet ..............................
2-3
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Lumbar Adjustment ............................
6-62
OptionFuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
-Remote Control Mirror .........................
1-2
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steering .....................................
4-8
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Take-Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-54
0
0
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
6-28
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radio Reception ................................
3-26
3-10, 3-12;3-14, 3-20
Radios ........................
4-29
Rain. Driving In .................................
2-39
Reading Lamps .................................
Rear
Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
2-3
Door Security Locks ...........................
Lamp Bulb Replacement .......................
6-41
1-38
Outside Seat Position ..........................
1-38
Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9
WindowDefogger .............................
2-32
Windshield Washer . . . . ., ......................
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
5-8
RearTowing ....................................
2-39
Rearview Mirror ................................
2-39
Electrochromic Daymight ......................
2-39
Inside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Reclining Front Seatbacks .........................
5-37
Recovery Hooks .................................
5-13
Recovery Tank, Coolant ..........................
6-73
Refrigerants,AirConditioning ....................
Removing the Rear (Third) Seat (Suburban) . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
f-Road Recovery .............................
I. Engine ....................................
bener, Garage Door ............................
rerdrive, Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rerheating Engine ..............................
dner Checks and Services .......................
k n e r Publications, Ordering ......................
!
~
-
0
n
9-7
Replacement
6.68.6.69
Bulbs .................................
6-71
Parts .......................................
6-49
Wheel ......................................
Wheel. Used ................................. 6-50
Replacing Safety Belts ...........................
1-56
Replacing the Rear (Third) Seat (Suburban) . . . . . . . . . . I .16
8-8
Reporting Safety Defects ..........................
Restraints
1-55
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child ........................................
1-45
1-5
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56
7-43
Systemcheck ................................
Reverse. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 15
1-36
Right Front Passenger Position ....................
8-4
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Roadside Assistance. Canadian .....................
5-37
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roof Marker LampBulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-41
Rotation.Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
'
Safety Belt Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-55
1- 16
Safety Belts ...................................
1-21
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Care .......................................
1-36
Center Passenger Position ......................
1-43
Children ....................................
1-21
Driver Position ................................
1-55
Extender ....................................
1-21
How to Wear Properly .........................
1-24. 1-53. 1-54
Incorrect Usage ....................
1-36
LapBelt ....................................
1-21. 1-38
Lap-Shoulder . :..........................
9-8
LargerChildren ..............................
1-52
1-36
PassengerPosition ............................
1-20
Questions and Answers ........................
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
1- 17. 2-58
Reminder Light .........................
Replacing After a Crash ........................
1-56
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-36
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23, 1-42
Smaller Children and Babies ....................
1-43
Use During Pregnancy .........................
1-35
WhyTheyWork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-17
Safety Chains ...................................
4-48
SafetyDefects.Reporting .........................
8-8
...
Safety Warnings and Symbols. .......................
111
Scheduled Maintenance Services ....................
7-3
Seatback
Latches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
. . . . . . . . 1-4
RecliningFront .......................
Seats
1-6
Easy Entry (2-Door Utility) ......................
Entry to the Rear (Suburban Second Seat) . . . . . . . . . . 1 -13
Folding the Rear (2-Door Utility) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Folding the Rear (&Door Utility) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Folding the Second (Suburban) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Lumbar Adjustment ............................
1-3
1-1
ManualFront . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Rear .......................................... 1-7
Removing the Rear (Third) Seat (Suburban) . . . . . . . . 1-14
Replacing the Rear (Third) Seat (Suburban) . . . . . . . . 1-16
1-1
Restraint Systems ..............................
Seat Controls .................................
1-1
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46. 1-48. 1-50
Second Gear. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 16
SecurityShade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
6-1
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-9
Bulletins. Ordering .............................
2-63
Engine Soon Light ............................
8-9
Manuals, Ordering .............................
6-60
Parts Identification Label .......................
8-9
Publications, Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Work, Doing Your Own .........................
6-2
6-1
Service and Appearance Care ......................
8-9
Service and Owner Publications ....................
8-9
Service Publications ..............................
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . 1-34
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Shifting
2- 14
Automatic Transmission .......................
Into Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
ShiftLever .....................................
2-14
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23. 1-42
2-29
SignalingTurns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
SIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-26
Sound Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications and Capacities ....................... 6-70
6-70
Specifications, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speech Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-57
Stains, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
7-43
Starter Switch Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1 1
Steam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-9
4-8
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
: . . . . . 7-45
Column Lock Check ....................
4-9
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-28
Wheel, Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-56
Step-Bumper Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Storage, Overhead ..............................
. . . . 6-35
Storage, Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
2-46
Sunglasses Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
SunVisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
v
Symbols,Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tailgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glass Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TapePlayerCare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theft-Deterrent Feature. CD Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THEFTLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Third Gear. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tilt Steering Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TireLoading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TM
2-57
2-7
2-27
3-27
2-8
3-241
3-24
6-28
2-16
2-28
3-10
6-51
4-41
4-41
9-9
I
Tires ..........................................
6-43
6-49
Alignment and Balance ........................
6-47
BuyingNew .................................
6-51
Chains .....................................
Changing a Flat ..............................
5-19
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
Inflation ....................................
6-44
7-42
Inflation Check ...............................
6-45
Inspection and Rotation ........................
4-41
Loading ......................................
Pressure .....................................
6-44
6-49
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
Traction ....................................
6-48
Treadwear ...................................
6-48
Uniform Quality Grading .......................
6-50
Used Wheel Replacement ......................
6-46
WearIndicators ..............................
6-49
Wheel Replacement ...........................
6-46
When It's Time for New ........................
1-45
TopStrap .....................................
Torque Lock ...................................
2-24
5-30, 6-70
Torque, Wheel Nut .........................
Towing
From the Front ................................
5-8
5-8
From 'the Rear ................................
4-43
Trailer ......................................
Yourvehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-6
Trailer
4-49
Brakes ......................................
4-51
Driving on Grades .............................
4-49
Drivingwith .................................
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44. 4-53
4-48
Hitches .....................................
4-53
Maintenance When Towing ......................
9-10
Parking on Hills ..............................
4-52
4-48
Safety Chains ................................
4-47
Tongueweight ...............................
4-47
Total Weight on Tires ..........................
Towing .....................................
4-43
4-51
Turn Signals .................................
Weight ......................................
4-45
Wiring Harness ...............................
4-53
6-23
Transfer Case ..................................
2-19
Transfer Case, Electronic .........................
2-17
Transfer Case, Manual ...........................
6-18
Transmission Fluid, Automatic ....................
2-4
Transmitters, Keyless Entry ........................
8-6
Transportation,Courtesy ..........................
2-57
Trip Odometer .I ..................................
8-3
TTYUsers .....................................
Turn Signal and Lane Change Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-51
Underbody Maintenance ........................
Underhood
Fusemelay Center ............................
ReelLamp ..................................
Storage Area ..................................
6-58
6-66
2-37
2-47
Vehicle
Control .......................................
4-5
iv
Damage Warnings ..............................
Identification Number ............................
6-60
4-41
Loading ....................................
6-35
Storage .....................................
Ve.ntilation System ...............................
3-7
Visors. Sun ....................................
Voltmeter ......................................
2-53
2-60
w a r n i n g Devices ............................... 5-2
Warning Lights. Gages and~hdicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Washer Fluid. Windshield ........................
6-30
Washing Your Vehicle .............................
6-56
Weatherstrips . . . . . : .............................
6-55
Wheel
6-49
Alignment ..................................
Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-30, 6-70
6-49
Replacement .................................
6-50
Used Replacement ............................
Wrench ................................
5-22. 5-23
Window Lock ..................................
2-27
2-27
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LockoutSwitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.
Power .......................................
2-27
WindshieEdWasher .............................
2-31
2-31, 6-30
Fluid ..................................
Fluid Level Check .........................
: . . . 7-42
2-32
Rear .......................................
Windshield Wipers ..............................
2-30
6-42, 6-71
Blade Replacement ......................
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Winter Driving . . I .............................. 4-37
Wiring, Headlamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
: . . . 6-61.
WreckerTowing ..................................
5-6
Wrench, Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-22, 5-23
9-11
NOTES
I
9-12