Yamaha E40X Owner`s manual

66T-9-2C-1E0.book 1 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
40X
E40X
OWNER’S MANUAL
Read this manual carefully before operating this
outboard motor.
66T-28199-2C-E0
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 1 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
EMU25052
Read this manual carefully before operating this outboard motor. Keep this
manual onboard in a waterproof bag when boating. This manual should stay
with the outboard motor if it is sold.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 1 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Important manual information
EMU25107
To the owner
Thank you for selecting a Yamaha outboard
motor. This Owner’s Manual contains information needed for proper operation, maintenance and care. A thorough understanding
of these simple instructions will help you obtain maximum enjoyment from your new
Yamaha. If you have any question about the
operation or maintenance of your outboard
motor, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
In this Owner’s Manual particularly important
information is distinguished in the following
ways.
: This is the safety alert symbol. It is
used to alert you to potential personal injury
hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or
death.
EWM00781
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
ECM00701
NOTICE
A NOTICE indicates special precautions
that must be taken to avoid damage to the
outboard motor or other property.
there is any question concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
To ensure long product life, Yamaha recommends that you use the product and perform
the specified periodic inspections and maintenance by correctly following the instructions in the owner’s manual. Any damage
resulting from neglect of these instructions is
not covered by warranty.
Some countries have laws or regulations restricting users from taking the product out of
the country where it was purchased, and it
may be impossible to register the product in
the destination country. Additionally, the warranty may not apply in certain regions. When
planning to take the product to another country, consult the dealer where the product was
purchased for further information.
If the product was purchased used, please
consult your closest dealer for customer reregistration, and to be eligible for the specified services.
TIP:
The 40XWT, E40XMH and the standard accessories are used as a base for the explanations and illustrations in this manual.
Therefore some items may not apply to every model.
EMU25121
TIP:
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in
product design and quality. Therefore, while
this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies
between your machine and this manual. If
40X, E40X
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2010 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st Edition, February 2010
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 1 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Table of contents
Safety information............................. 1
Outboard motor safety ..................... 1
Propeller............................................ 1
Rotating parts.................................... 1
Hot parts ........................................... 1
Electric shock .................................... 1
Power trim and tilt ............................. 1
Engine shut-off cord (lanyard)........... 1
Gasoline ............................................ 1
Gasoline exposure and spills ............ 2
Carbon monoxide.............................. 2
Modifications ..................................... 2
Boating safety .................................. 2
Alcohol and drugs ............................. 2
Personal flotation devices ................. 2
People in the water ........................... 2
Passengers ....................................... 2
Overloading....................................... 2
Avoid collisions ................................. 3
Weather ............................................ 3
Passenger training ............................ 3
Boating safety publications ............... 3
Laws and regulations ........................ 3
General information .......................... 4
Identification numbers record........... 4
Outboard motor serial number .......... 4
Key number....................................... 4
EC Declaration of Conformity
(DoC).............................................. 4
CE Marking ...................................... 4
C-Tick label ...................................... 5
Read manuals and labels................. 6
Warning labels ................................. 6
Specifications and requirements..... 9
Specifications ................................... 9
Installation requirements ................ 10
Boat horsepower rating ................... 10
Mounting motor ............................... 10
Remote control requirements ......... 10
Battery requirements...................... 11
Battery specifications ...................... 11
Mounting battery ............................. 11
Multiple batteries ............................. 11
Without a rectifier or Rectifier
Regulator ...................................... 11
Propeller selection ......................... 11
Start-in-gear protection .................. 12
Engine oil requirements ................. 12
Fuel requirements .......................... 12
Gasoline .......................................... 12
Muddy or acidic water .................... 12
Anti-fouling paint ............................ 12
Motor disposal requirements.......... 13
Emergency equipment ................... 13
Components .................................... 14
Components diagram..................... 14
Fuel tank ......................................... 14
Fuel joint.......................................... 15
Fuel gauge ...................................... 15
Fuel tank cap................................... 15
Air vent screw.................................. 15
Remote control box ......................... 15
Remote control lever ....................... 15
Neutral interlock trigger ................... 16
Neutral throttle lever........................ 16
Choke switch................................... 16
Tiller handle..................................... 16
Gear shift lever................................ 17
Throttle grip ..................................... 17
Throttle indicator ............................. 17
Throttle friction adjuster................... 17
Engine shut-off cord (lanyard) and
clip................................................. 18
Engine stop button .......................... 18
Choke knob for pull type ................. 19
Manual starter handle ..................... 19
Main switch ..................................... 19
Steering friction adjuster ................. 19
Steering friction adjuster ................. 20
Power trim and tilt switch on
remote control ............................... 20
Trim tab with anode......................... 21
Trim rod (tilt pin) .............................. 21
Tilt lock mechanism......................... 21
Tilt support knob.............................. 22
Tilt support bar ................................ 22
Cowling lock lever(s) (turn type)...... 22
Instruments and indicators............ 24
Analog tachometer......................... 24
Analog speedometer...................... 24
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Table of contents
Hour meter ..................................... 24
Engine control system.................... 25
Alert system ................................... 25
Overheat alert ................................. 25
Installation ....................................... 26
Installation ...................................... 26
Mounting the outboard motor .......... 26
Clamping the outboard motor ......... 27
Operation ......................................... 29
First-time operation ........................ 29
Breaking in engine .......................... 29
Getting to know your boat ............... 29
Checks before starting engine ....... 29
Fuel level......................................... 30
Remove the top cowling.................. 30
Fuel system..................................... 30
Controls........................................... 30
Engine shut-off cord (lanyard)......... 31
Oil.................................................... 31
Engine ............................................. 31
Install top cowling............................ 31
Power trim and tilt system ............... 32
Battery............................................. 32
Filling fuel and engine oil................ 32
Filling fuel for portable tank ............. 32
Gasoline and oil mixing (100:1) ...... 33
Operating engine............................ 35
Sending fuel (portable tank) ............ 35
Starting engine ................................ 36
Checks after starting engine .......... 41
Cooling water .................................. 41
Warming up engine ........................ 41
Choke start models ......................... 41
Checks after engine warm up ........ 41
Shifting ............................................ 41
Stop switches .................................. 41
Shifting ........................................... 41
Stopping boat ................................. 43
Stopping engine ............................. 43
Procedure ....................................... 43
Trimming outboard motor............... 44
Adjusting trim angle for manual tilt
models .......................................... 45
Adjusting trim angle (Power trim
and tilt) .......................................... 45
Adjusting boat trim .......................... 46
Tilting up and down........................ 47
Procedure for tilting up (manual tilt
models) ......................................... 47
Procedure for tilting up (power trim
and tilt models).............................. 48
Procedure for tilting down (power
trim and tilt models)....................... 49
Procedure for tilting down (manual
tilt models)..................................... 49
Shallow water................................. 50
Cruising in shallow water (manual
tilt models)..................................... 50
Power trim and tilt models............... 51
Cruising in other conditions............ 52
Maintenance .................................... 53
Transporting and storing outboard
motor............................................ 53
Clamp screw mounting models ....... 53
Storing outboard motor ................... 54
Procedure........................................ 54
Lubrication....................................... 55
Cleaning the outboard motor........... 55
Checking painted surface of
outboard motor.............................. 55
Periodic maintenance .................... 55
Replacement parts .......................... 56
Severe operating conditions............ 56
Maintenance chart 1........................ 57
Maintenance chart 2........................ 59
Greasing.......................................... 60
Cleaning and adjusting spark
plug ............................................... 61
Checking fuel filter........................... 62
Inspecting idle speed ...................... 62
Inspecting wiring and connectors.... 63
Checking propeller .......................... 63
Removing propeller ......................... 63
Installing propeller ........................... 64
Changing gear oil ............................ 64
Cleaning fuel tank ........................... 65
Inspecting and replacing
anode(s)........................................ 66
Checking battery (for electric start
models) ......................................... 66
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Table of contents
Connecting the battery .................... 67
Disconnecting the battery ............... 67
Trouble Recovery ............................ 69
Troubleshooting ............................. 69
Temporary action in emergency..... 72
Impact damage ............................... 72
Replacing fuse ................................ 72
Power trim and tilt will not
operate.......................................... 73
Starter will not operate .................... 73
Emergency starting engine ............. 74
Treatment of submerged motor...... 75
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 1 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Safety information
EMU33622
Outboard motor safety
Observe these precautions at all times.
EMU36501
Propeller
People can be injured or killed if they come
in contact with the propeller. The propeller
can keep moving even when the motor is in
neutral, and sharp edges of the propeller can
cut even when stationary.
● Stop the engine when a person is in the
water near you.
● Keep people out of reach of the propeller,
even when the engine is off.
EMU33630
Rotating parts
Hands, feet, hair, jewelry, clothing, PFD
straps, etc. can become entangled with internal rotating parts of the engine, resulting in
serious injury or death.
Keep the top cowling in place whenever possible. Do not remove or replace the cowling
with the engine running.
Only operate the engine with the cowling removed according to the specific instructions
in the manual. Keep hands, feet, hair, jewelry, clothing, PFD straps, etc. away from any
exposed moving parts.
EMU33640
Hot parts
During and after operation, engine parts are
hot enough to cause burns. Avoid touching
any parts under the top cowling until the engine has cooled.
EMU33650
Electric shock
Do not touch any electrical parts while starting or operating the engine. They can cause
shock or electrocution.
EMU33660
Power trim and tilt
Body parts can be crushed between the mo-
tor and the clamp bracket when the motor is
trimmed or tilted. Keep body parts out of this
area at all times. Be sure no one is in this
area before operating the power trim and tilt
mechanism.
The power trim and tilt switches operate
even when the main switch is off. Keep people be away from the switches whenever
working around the motor.
Never get under the lower unit while it is tilted, even when the tilt support lever is locked.
Severe injury could occur if the outboard motor accidentally falls.
EMU33671
Engine shut-off cord (lanyard)
Attach the engine shut-off cord so that the
engine stops if the operator falls overboard
or leaves the helm. This prevents the boat
from running away under power and leaving
people stranded, or running over people or
objects.
Always attach the engine shut-off cord to a
secure place on your clothing or your arm or
leg while operating. Do not remove it to leave
the helm while the boat is moving. Do not attach the cord to clothing that could tear
loose, or route the cord where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Do not route the cord where it is likely to be
accidentally pulled out. If the cord is pulled
during operation, the engine will shut off and
you will lose most steering control. The boat
could slow rapidly, throwing people and objects forward.
EMU33810
Gasoline
Gasoline and its vapors are highly flammable and explosive. Always, refuel according to the procedure on page 35 to
reduce the risk of fire and explosion.
1
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 2 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Safety information
EMU33820
Gasoline exposure and spills
Take care not to spill gasoline. If gasoline
spills, wipe it up immediately with dry rags.
Dispose of rags properly.
If any gasoline spills onto your skin, immediately wash with soap and water. Change
clothing if gasoline spills on it.
If you swallow gasoline, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get gasoline in your eyes, get
immediate medical attention. Never siphon
fuel by mouth.
EMU33900
Carbon monoxide
This product emits exhaust gases which contain carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless
gas which may cause brain damage or death
when inhaled. Symptoms include nausea,
dizziness, and drowsiness. Keep cockpit and
cabin areas well ventilated. Avoid blocking
exhaust outlets.
EMU33780
Modifications
Do not attempt to modify this outboard motor. Modifications to your outboard motor
may reduce safety and reliability, and render
the outboard unsafe or illegal to use.
EMU33740
Boating safety
This section includes a few of the many important safety precautions that you should
follow when boating.
EMU33710
Alcohol and drugs
Never operate after drinking alcohol or taking
drugs. Intoxication is one of the most common factors contributing to boating fatalities.
EMU33720
Personal flotation devices
Have an approved personal flotation device
(PFD) on board for every occupant. Yamaha
recommends that you must wear a PFD
2
whenever boating. At a minimum, children
and non-swimmers should always wear
PFDs, and everyone should wear PFDs
when there are potentially hazardous boating conditions.
EMU33731
People in the water
Always watch carefully for people in the water, such as swimmers, skiers, or divers,
whenever the engine is running. When
someone is in the water near the boat, shift
into neutral and stop the engine.
Stay away from swimming areas. Swimmers
can be hard to see.
The propeller can keep moving even when
the motor is in neutral. Stop the engine when
a person is in the water near you.
EMU33751
Passengers
Consult your boat manufacturer’s instructions for details about appropriate passenger
locations in your boat and be sure all passengers are positioned properly before accelerating and when operating above an idle
speed. Standing or sitting in non-designated
locations may result in being thrown either
overboard or within the boat due to waves,
wakes, or sudden changes in speed or direction. Even when people are positioned properly, alert your passengers if you must make
any unusual maneuver. Always avoid jumping waves or wakes.
EMU33760
Overloading
Do not overload the boat. Consult the boat
capacity plate or boat manufacturer for maximum weight and number of passengers. Be
sure that weight is properly distributed according to the boat manufacturers instructions. Overloading or incorrect weight
distribution can compromise the boats handling and lead to an accident, capsizing or
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 3 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Safety information
swamping.
EMU33880
Passenger training
EMU33772
Avoid collisions
Scan constantly for people, objects, and other boats. Be alert for conditions that limit your
visibility or block your vision of others.
Make sure at least one other passenger is
trained to operate the boat in the event of an
emergency.
EMU33890
Boating safety publications
Be informed about boating safety. Additional
publications and information can be obtained
from many boating organizations.
EMU33600
Laws and regulations
ZMU06025
Operate defensively at safe speeds and
keep a safe distance away from people, objects, and other boats.
● Do not follow directly behind other boats or
waterskiers.
● Avoid sharp turns or other maneuvers that
make it hard for others to avoid you or understand where you are going.
● Avoid areas with submerged objects or
shallow water.
● Ride within your limits and avoid aggressive maneuvers to reduce the risk of loss
of control, ejection, and collision.
● Take early action to avoid collisions. Remember, boats do not have brakes, and
stopping the engine or reducing throttle
can reduce the ability to steer. If you are
not sure that you can stop in time before
hitting an obstacle, apply throttle and turn
in another direction.
Know the marine laws and regulations where
you will be boating- and obey them. Several
sets of rules prevail according to geographic
location, but all are basically the same as the
International Rules of the Road.
EMU33790
Weather
Stay informed about the weather. Check
weather forecasts before boating. Avoid
boating in hazardous weather.
3
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 4 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
General information
EMU25171
Identification numbers record
EMU25183
Outboard motor serial number
The outboard motor serial number is
stamped on the label attached to the port
side of the clamp bracket.
Record your outboard motor serial number in
the spaces provided to assist you in ordering
spare parts from your Yamaha dealer or for
reference in case your outboard motor is stolen.
1. Key number
EMU37290
EC Declaration of Conformity
(DoC)
1
ZMU05336
1. Outboard motor serial number location
This outboard motor conforms to certain portions of the European Parliament directive
relating to machinery.
Each conformed outboard motor accompanied with EC DoC.EC DoC contains the following information;
● Name of Engine Manufacture
● Model name
● Product code of model (Approved model
code)
● Code of conformed directives
EMU25203
EMU25190
Key number
If a main key switch is equipped with the motor, the key identification number is stamped
on your key as shown in the illustration.
Record this number in the space provided for
reference in case you need a new key.
4
CE Marking
Outboard motors affixed with this “CE”marking conform with the directives of; 98/37/EC,
94/25/EC - 2003/44/EC and 2004/108/EC.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 5 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
General information
1
1
ZMU04866
1. CE marking location
1
ZMU04902
1. C-Tick label location
ZMU06081
1. CE marking location
1
ZMU06081
1. C-Tick label location
ZMU06040
ZMU01697
EMU25213
C-Tick label
Engines affixed with this label conform to
certain portion(s) of the Australian Radio
Communications Act.
5
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 6 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
General information
EMU33522
Read manuals and labels
Before operating or working on this outboard motor:
● Read this manual.
● Read any manuals supplied with the boat.
● Read all labels on the outboard motor and the boat.
If you need any additional information, contact your Yamaha dealer.
EMU33832
Warning labels
If these labels are damaged or missing, contact your Yamaha dealer for replacements.
40X, E40X
2
1
3
ZMU06080
6
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 7 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
General information
1
2
3
ZMU05670
EMU33912
Contents of labels
The above warning labels mean as follows.
1
EWM01691
WARNING
Emergency starting does not have startin-gear protection. Ensure shift control is
in neutral before starting engine.
2
EWM01681
WARNING
●
●
3
EWM01671
WARNING
●
●
●
Read Owner’s Manuals and labels.
Wear an approved personal flotation
device (PFD).
Attach engine shut-off cord (lanyard) to
your PFD, arm, or leg so the engine
stops if you accidentally leave the
helm, which could prevent a runaway
boat.
Keep hands, hair, and clothing away
from rotating parts while the engine is
running.
Do not touch or remove electrical parts
when starting or during operation.
7
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 8 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
General information
EMU33843
Symbols
The following symbols mean as follows.
Electrical hazard
Notice/Warning
ZMU05666
Remote control lever/gear shift lever operating direction, dual direction
ZMU05696
Read Owner’s Manual
ZMU05667
Engine start/ Engine cranking
ZMU05664
Hazard caused by continuous rotation
ZMU05668
ZMU05665
8
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 9 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Specifications and requirements
EMU31480
Specifications
TIP:
“(AL)” stated in the specification data below
represents the numerical value for the aluminum propeller installed.
Likewise, “(SUS)” represents the value for
stainless steel propeller installed and “(PL)”
for plastic propeller installed.
EMU2821J
Dimension:
Overall length:
40XWT 675 mm (26.6 in)
E40XMH 1073 mm (42.2 in)
Overall width:
40XWT 362 mm (14.3 in)
E40XMH 402 mm (15.8 in)
Overall height S:
1237 mm (48.7 in)
Overall height L:
1364 mm (53.7 in)
Overall height X:
1461 mm (57.5 in)
Transom height S:
424 mm (16.7 in)
Transom height L:
550 mm (21.7 in)
Transom height X:
649 mm (25.6 in)
Weight (AL) S:
72.0 kg (159 lb)
Weight (AL) L:
40XWT 80.7 kg (178 lb)
E40XMH 73.6 kg (162 lb)
Weight (AL) X:
E40XMH 76.7 kg (169 lb)
Performance:
Full throttle operating range:
4500–5500 r/min
Maximum output:
29.4 kW@5000 r/min
(40 HP@5000 r/min)
Idle speed (in neutral):
1000 50 r/min
Engine:
Type:
2-stroke L
Displacement:
703.0 cm3
Bore  stroke:
80.0  70.0 mm (3.15  2.76 in)
Ignition system:
CDI
Spark plug with resistor (NGK):
BR7HS
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in)
Control system:
40XWT Remote control
E40XMH Tiller handle
Starting system:
40XWT Manual starter and Electric
starter
E40XMH Manual starter
Starting carburetion system:
Choke valve
Min. cold cranking amps (CCA/EN):
40XWT 430.0 A
Min. rated capacity (20HR/IEC):
40XWT 70.0 Ah
Alternator output:
E40XMH 80 W
Maximum generator output:
40XWT 6 A
Drive unit:
Gear positions:
Forward-neutral-reverse
Gear ratio:
2.00 (26/13)
Trim and tilt system:
40XWT Power trim and tilt
9
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 10 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Specifications and requirements
E40XMH Manual tilt
Propeller mark:
G
Fuel and oil:
Recommended fuel:
Regular unleaded gasoline
Fuel tank capacity:
24 L (6.34 US gal, 5.28 Imp.gal)
Recommended engine oil:
YAMALUBE 2-stroke outboard motor
oil
Recommended engine oil:
TC-W3
Fuel:oil ratio:
Regular gasoline:
40XWT 100 :1
E40XMH 50 :1
Lubrication:
Pre-mixed fuel and oil
Recommended gear oil:
Hypoid gear oil SAE#90
Gear oil quantity:
0.430 L (0.455 US qt, 0.378 Imp.qt)
Tightening torque for engine:
Spark plug:
25.0 Nm (2.55 kgf-m, 18.4 ft-lb)
Propeller nut:
40.0 Nm (4.08 kgf-m, 29.5 ft-lb)
Noise and vibration level:
Operator sound pressure level
(ICOMIA 39/94 and 40/94):
E40XMH 92.2 dB(A)
Sound power level
(ICOMIA 39/94 and 40/94):
E40XMH 100.0 dB(A)
Vibration on tiller handle (ICOMIA 38/94):
E40XMH Vibration on tiller handle is
under 2.5 m/s2
10
EMU33554
Installation requirements
EMU33564
Boat horsepower rating
EWM01560
WARNING
Overpowering a boat can cause severe
instability.
Before installing the outboard motor(s), confirm that the total horsepower of your outboard motor(s) does not exceed the boats
maximum horsepower rating. See the boat’s
capacity plate or contact the manufacturer.
EMU33571
Mounting motor
EWM01570
WARNING
●
●
Improper mounting of the outboard motor could result in hazardous conditions such as poor handling, loss of
control, or fire hazards.
Because the motor is very heavy, special equipment and training is required
to mount it safely.
Your dealer or other person experienced in
proper rigging should mount the motor using
correct equipment and complete rigging instructions. For further information, see page
26.
EMU33581
Remote control requirements
EWM01580
WARNING
●
●
If the engine starts in gear, the boat can
move suddenly and unexpectedly, possibly causing a collision or throwing
passengers overboard.
If the engine ever starts in gear, the
start-in-gear protection device is not
working correctly and you should discontinue using the outboard. Contact
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 11 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Specifications and requirements
your Yamaha dealer.
The remote control unit must be equipped
with a start-in-gear protection device(s). This
device prevents the engine from starting unless it is in neutral.
EMU25694
Battery requirements
EMU25721
Battery specifications
stall an optional Rectifier Regulator.
Using a maintenance-free battery with the
above models can shorten the life of the battery significantly.
Install an optional Rectifier Regulator or use
accessories rated to withstand 18 volts or
higher with the above models. Consult your
Yamaha dealer for details on installing an
optional Rectifier Regulator.
EMU34194
Minimum cold cranking amps (CCA/EN):
40XWT 430.0 A
Minimum rated capacity (20HR/IEC):
40XWT 70.0 Ah
The engine cannot be started if battery voltage is too low.
EMU36290
Mounting battery
Mount the battery holder securely in a dry,
well-ventilated, vibration-free location in the
boat. WARNING! Do not put flammable
items, or loose heavy or metal objects in
the same compartment as the battery.
Fire, explosion or sparks could result.
[EWM01820]
EMU36300
Multiple batteries
To connect multiple batteries, such as for
multiple engine configurations or for an accessory battery, consult your Yamaha dealer
about battery selection and correct wiring.
EMU25730
Without a rectifier or Rectifier
Regulator
ECM01090
NOTICE
A battery cannot be connected to models
that do not have a rectifier or Rectifier
Regulator.
If you wish to use a battery with the models
without a rectifier or Rectifier Regulator, in-
Propeller selection
Next to selecting an outboard motor, selecting the right propeller is one of the most important purchasing decisions a boater can
make. The type, size, and design of your propeller have a direct impact on acceleration,
top speed, fuel economy, and even engine
life. Yamaha designs and manufactures propellers for every Yamaha outboard motor
and every application.
Your outboard motor came with a Yamaha
propeller selected to perform well over a
range of applications, but there may be uses
where a different propeller would be more
appropriate.
Your Yamaha dealer can help you select the
right propeller for your boating needs. Select
a propeller that will allow the engine to reach
the middle or upper half of the operating
range at full throttle with the maximum boatload. Generally, select a larger pitch propeller for a smaller operating load and a smaller
pitch propeller for a heavier load. If you carry
loads that vary widely, select the propeller
that lets the engine run in the proper range
for your maximum load but remember that
you may need to reduce your throttle setting
to stay within the recommended engine
speed range when carrying lighter loads.
To check the propeller, see page 63.
11
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 12 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Specifications and requirements
ohol) gasoline whenever possible.
x
1
Recommended gasoline:
Regular unleaded gasoline
2 3
ECM01981
NOTICE
●
ZMU04606
●
1. Propeller diameter in inches
2. Propeller pitch in inches
3. Type of propeller (propeller mark)
EMU25770
Start-in-gear protection
Yamaha outboard motors or Yamaha-approved remote control units are equipped
with start-in-gear protection device(s). This
feature permits the engine to be started only
when it is in neutral. Always select neutral
before starting the engine.
EMU25651
Engine oil requirements
Recommended engine oil:
YAMALUBE 2-stroke outboard motor
oil
If the recommended engine oil is not available, another 2-stroke engine oil with an
NMMA-certified TC-W3 rating may be used.
EMU36360
Fuel requirements
EMU36771
Gasoline
Use a good quality gasoline that meets the
minimum octane rating. If knocking or pinging occurs, use a different brand of gasoline
or premium unleaded fuel. Yamaha recomends that you use alcohol-free (see Gas-
12
Do not use leaded gasoline. Leaded
gasoline can seriously damage the engine.
Avoid getting water and contaminants
in the fuel tank. Contaminated fuel can
cause poor performance or engine
damage. Use only fresh gasoline that
has been stored in clean containers.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol (E10) and that containing
methanol. Ethanol can be used if the ethanol
content does not exceed 10% and the fuel
meets the minimum octane ratings. All ethanol blends containing more than 10% ethanol can cause fuel system damage or cause
engine starting and running problems.
Yamaha does not recommend gasohol containing methanol because it can cause fuel
system damage or engine performance
problems.
EMU36880
Muddy or acidic water
Yamaha strongly recommends that you have
your dealer install the optional chromiumplated water pump kit if you use the outboard
motor in muddy or acidic water conditions.
However, depending on the model it might
not be required.
EMU36330
Anti-fouling paint
A clean hull improves boat performance. The
boat bottom should be kept as clean of marine growth as possible. If necessary, the
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 13 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Specifications and requirements
boat bottom can be coated with an anti-fouling paint approved for your area to inhibit
marine growth.
Do not use anti-fouling paint which includes
copper or graphite. These paints can cause
more rapid engine corrosion.
EMU36341
Motor disposal requirements
Never illegally discard (dump) the motor.
Yamaha recommends consulting the dealer
about discarding the motor.
EMU36352
Emergency equipment
Keep the following items onboard in case
there is trouble with the outboard motor.
● A tool kit with assorted screwdrivers, pliers, wrenches (including metric sizes), and
electrical tape.
● Waterproof flashlight with extra batteries.
● An extra engine shut-off cord (lanyard)
with clip.
● Spare parts, such as an extra set of spark
plugs.
Consult your Yamaha dealer for details.
13
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 14 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
EMU2579T
Components diagram
TIP:
* May not be exactly as shown; also may not be included as standard equipment on all models (order from dealer).
40X, E40X
11
12 13 14
1
18
16 15
25
17
2
10
9
8
12
19
20
7
11
21
3
4
5
23
22
24
6
ZMU05259
1. Top cowling
2. Cowling lock lever
3. Anode
4. Anti-cavitation plate
5. Trim tab (anode)
6. Propeller
7. Cooling water inlet
8. Trim rod*
9. Clamp bracket
10. Steering friction adjuster*
11. Manual starter handle
12. Choke knob
13. Gear shift lever*
14. Tiller handle*
15. Throttle friction adjuster*
14
16. Engine stop button/Engine shut-off switch*
17. Clamp screw*
18. Tilt lock lever*
19. Tilt support knob*
20. Remote control box (side mount type)*
21. Fuel tank
22. Tachometer*
23. Speedometer*
24. Hour meter*
25. Clip*
EMU25802
Fuel tank
If your model was equipped with a portable
fuel tank, its function is as follows.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 15 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
EWM00020
EMU26181
Remote control box
WARNING
The fuel tank supplied with this engine is
its dedicated fuel reservoir and must not
be used as a fuel storage container. Commercial users should conform to relevant
licensing or approval authority regulations.
The remote control lever actuates both the
shifter and the throttle. The electrical switches are mounted on the remote control box.
2
1
4
3
ZMU02284
1. Fuel joint
2. Fuel gauge
3. Fuel tank cap
4. Air vent screw
1. Power trim and tilt switch
2. Remote control lever
3. Neutral interlock trigger
4. Neutral throttle lever
5. Main switch / choke switch
6. Engine shut-off switch
7. Throttle friction adjuster
EMU26190
EMU25830
Fuel joint
This joint is used to connect the fuel line.
EMU25841
Fuel gauge
This gauge is located on either the fuel tank
cap or on the fuel joint base. It shows the approximate amount of fuel remaining in the
tank.
Remote control lever
Moving the lever forward from the neutral position engages forward gear. Pulling the lever back from neutral engages reverse. The
engine will continue to run at idle until the lever is moved about 35 (a detent can be felt).
Moving the lever farther opens the throttle,
and the engine will begin to accelerate.
EMU25850
Fuel tank cap
This cap seals the fuel tank. When removed,
the tank can be filled with fuel. To remove the
cap, turn it counterclockwise.
EMU25860
Air vent screw
This screw is on the fuel tank cap. To loosen
the screw, turn it counterclockwise.
15
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 16 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
1. Neutral “ ”
2. Forward “ ”
3. Reverse “ ”
4. Shift
5. Fully closed
6. Throttle
7. Fully open
EMU26201
Neutral interlock trigger
To shift out of neutral, first pull the neutral interlock trigger up.
1. Fully open
2. Fully closed
TIP:
The neutral throttle lever will operate only
when the remote control lever is in neutral.
The remote control lever will operate only
when the neutral throttle lever is in the closed
position.
EMU26221
Choke switch
To activate the choke system, press in the
main switch while the key is turned to the
“ ” (on) or “
” (start) position. The
choke system will then supply the rich fuel
mixture required to start the engine. When
the key is released, the choke will switch off
automatically.
1. Neutral interlock trigger
EMU26212
Neutral throttle lever
To open the throttle without shifting into either forward or reverse, put the remote control lever in the neutral position and lift the
neutral throttle lever.
EMU25912
Tiller handle
To change direction, move the tiller handle to
16
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 17 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
the left or right as necessary.
ZMU03034
ZMU03032
EMU25961
Throttle indicator
EMU25923
Gear shift lever
Move the gear shift lever forward to engage
the forward gear or rearward to engage the
reverse gear.
R
3
N
2
The fuel consumption curve on the throttle
indicator shows the relative amount of fuel
consumed for each throttle position. Choose
the setting that offers the best performance
and fuel economy for the desired operation.
F
1
1
ZMU03033
ZMU02849
1. Forward “ ”
2. Neutral “ ”
3. Reverse “ ”
1. Throttle indicator
EMU25976
EMU25941
Throttle grip
The throttle grip is on the tiller handle. Turn
the grip counterclockwise to increase speed
and clockwise to decrease speed.
Throttle friction adjuster
A friction device provides adjustable resistance to movement of the throttle grip or the
remote control lever, and can be set according to operator preference.
To increase resistance, turn the adjuster
clockwise. To decrease resistance, turn the
adjuster counterclockwise. WARNING! Do
not overtighten the friction adjuster. If
there is too much resistance, it could be
difficult to move the remote control lever
17
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 18 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
or throttle grip, which could result in an
accident. [EWM00032]
ZMU02001
tangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the cord during normal operation. Loss of engine
power means the loss of most steering
control. Also, without engine power, the
boat could slow rapidly. This could cause
people and objects in the boat to be
thrown forward. [EWM00122]
1. Cord
2. Clip
3. Engine shut-off switch
When constant speed is desired, tighten the
adjuster to maintain the desired throttle setting.
EMU25994
Engine shut-off cord (lanyard) and
clip
The clip must be attached to the engine shutoff switch for the engine to run. The cord
should be attached to a secure place on the
operator’s clothing, or arm or leg. Should the
operator fall overboard or leave the helm, the
cord will pull out the clip, stopping ignition to
the engine. This will prevent the boat from
running away under power. WARNING! Attach the engine shut-off cord to a secure
place on your clothing, or your arm or leg
while operating. Do not attach the cord to
clothing that could tear loose. Do not
route the cord where it could become en-
18
2
3
1
ZMU02003
1. Cord
2. Clip
3. Engine shut-off switch
EMU26002
Engine stop button
The engine stop button stops the engine
when the button is pushed.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 19 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
ZMU02083
EMU26012
Choke knob for pull type
To supply the engine with the rich fuel mixture required to start, pull out this knob.
its operation is described below.
● “
” (off)
With the main switch in the “
” (off) position, the electrical circuits are off, and the key
can be removed.
● “
” (on)
With the main switch in the “ ” (on) position, the electrical circuits are on, and the key
cannot be removed.
● “
” (start)
With the main switch in the “
” (start) position, the starter motor turns to start the engine. When the key is released, it returns
automatically to the “ ” (on) position.
ZMU03036
EMU26073
EMU31432
Manual starter handle
Steering friction adjuster
The manual starter handle is used to crank
and start the engine.
A friction device provides adjustable resistance to the steering mechanism, and can be
set according to operator preference. An adjuster lever is located on the bottom of the
tiller handle bracket.
To increase resistance, turn the lever to the
port side “A”.
To decrease resistance, turn the lever to the
starboard side “B”.
EWM00040
WARNING
ZMU03037
EMU26091
Main switch
The main switch controls the ignition system;
Do not overtighten the friction adjuster. If
there is too much resistance, it could be
difficult to steer, which could result in an
accident.
19
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 20 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
tance to the steering mechanism, and can be
set according to operator preference. An adjusting screw or bolt is located on the swivel
bracket.
B
A
ZMU02810
If the resistance does not increase even
when the lever is turned to the port side “A”,
make sure that the nut is tightened to the
specified torque.
ZMU03039
To increase resistance, turn the adjuster
clockwise.
To decrease resistance, turn the adjuster
counterclockwise.
EWM00040
WARNING
Do not overtighten the friction adjuster. If
there is too much resistance, it could be
difficult to steer, which could result in an
accident.
1. Nut
Nut tightening torque:
4.0 Nm (0.4 kgf-m, 3.0 ft-lb)
TIP:
●
●
●
Steering movement is blocked when the
adjuster lever is set to the “A” position.
Check the tiller handle for smooth movement when the lever is turned to the starboard side “B”.
Do not apply lubricants such as grease to
the friction areas of the steering friction adjuster.
EMU26122
Steering friction adjuster
A friction device provides adjustable resis-
20
EMU32053
Power trim and tilt switch on remote
control
The power trim and tilt system adjusts the
outboard motor angle in relation to the transom. Pushing the switch “ ” (up) trims the
outboard motor up, and then tilts it up. Pushing the switch “ ” (down) tilts the outboard
motor down and trims it down. When the
switch is released, the outboard motor will
stop in its current position. For instructions
on using the power trim and tilt switch, see
pages 44 and 47.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 21 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
A
1
B
2
ZMU02822
EMU26244
Trim tab with anode
EWM00840
WARNING
An improperly adjusted trim tab could
cause difficult steering. Always test run
after the trim tab has been installed or replaced to be sure steering is correct. Be
sure you have tightened the bolt after adjusting the trim tab.
The trim tab should be adjusted so that the
steering control can be turned to either the
right or left by applying the same amount of
force.
If the boat tends to veer to the left (port side),
turn the trim tab rear end to the port side “A”
in the figure. If the boat tends to veer to the
right (starboard side), turn the trim tab end to
the starboard side “B” in the figure.
1. Trim tab
2. Bolt
Bolt tightening torque:
18.0 Nm (1.8 kgf-m, 13 ft-lb)
EMU26262
Trim rod (tilt pin)
The position of the trim rod determines the
minimum trim angle of the outboard motor in
relation to the transom.
ECM00840
ZMU03040
NOTICE
The trim tab also serves as an anode to
protect the engine from electrochemical
corrosion. Never paint the trim tab as it
will become ineffective as an anode.
EMU30530
Tilt lock mechanism
The tilt lock mechanism is used to prevent
the outboard motor from lifting out of the water when in reverse gear.
21
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 22 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
EMU26333
Tilt support bar
The tilt support bar keeps the outboard motor
in the tilted up position.
1
ZMU03041
1. Tilt lock lever
To lock it, set the tilt lock lever in the lock position. To release, push the tilt lock lever in
the release position.
EMU26321
Tilt support knob
To keep the outboard motor in the tilted up
position, push the tilt support knob under the
swivel bracket.
ZMU03043
ECM01660
NOTICE
Do not use the tilt support bar when
trailering the boat. The outboard motor
could shake loose from the tilt support
and fall. If the motor cannot be trailered in
the normal running position, use an additional support device to secure it in the
tilt position.
EMU26373
Cowling lock lever(s) (turn type)
ZMU03042
ECM00660
NOTICE
Do not use the tilt support lever or knob
when trailering the boat. The outboard
motor could shake loose from the tilt support and fall. If the motor cannot be trailered in the normal running position, use
an additional support device to secure it
in the tilt position.
22
To remove the engine top cowling, turn the
cowling lock lever(s) and lift off the cowling.
When installing the cowling, check to be sure
it fits properly in the rubber seal. Then lock
the cowling again by returning the cowling
lock lever(s) to the lock position.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 23 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Components
1
ZMU02009
1. Cowling lock lever(s)
23
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 24 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Instruments and indicators
EMU26481
Analog tachometer
The gauge shows the engine speed.
ZMU04579
EMU26591
Analog speedometer
This gauge shows the boat speed in km/h
and mph.
ZMU04650
EMU26631
Hour meter
This gauge shows the number of hours the
engine has been run.
ZMU04855
24
TIP:
This gauge can be set to count the amount of
time elapsed either when the main switch is
on or only when the engine is running. For instructions on how to select the counting
mode, consult your Yamaha dealer.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 25 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Engine control system
EMU26803
Alert system
ECM00091
NOTICE
Do not continue to operate the engine if a
alert device has activated. Consult your
Yamaha dealer if the problem cannot be
located and corrected.
gine and check the cooling water inlets:
● Check trim angle to be sure that the cooling water inlet is submerged.
● Check the cooling water inlet for clogging.
EMU2681C
Overheat alert
This engine has an overheat-alert device. If
the engine temperature rises too high, the
alert device will activate.
● The engine speed will automatically decrease to about 2000 r/min.
ZMU04585
●
●
The overheat-alert indicator will light or
blink.
The buzzer will sound (if equipped on the
tiller handle, remote control box, or main
switch panel).
If the alert system has activated, stop the en-
25
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 26 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Installation
EMU26902
Installation
The information presented in this section is
intended as reference only. It is not possible
to provide complete instructions for every
possible boat and motor combination. Proper
mounting depends in part on experience and
the specific boat and motor combination.
EWM01590
1
WARNING
●
●
Overpowering a boat could cause severe instability. Do not install an outboard motor with more horsepower
than the maximum rating on the capacity plate of the boat. If the boat does not
have a capacity plate, consult the boat
manufacturer.
Improper mounting of the outboard motor could result in hazardous conditions such as poor handling, loss of
control, or fire hazards. For permanently mounted models, your dealer or other person experienced in proper rigging
should mount the motor.
EMU33470
Mounting the outboard motor
The outboard motor should be mounted so
that the boat is well balanced. Otherwise, the
boat could be hard to steer. For single-engine boats, mount the outboard motor on the
centerline (keel line) of the boat.
1. Center line (keel line)
EMU26925
Mounting height
To run your boat at optimum efficiency, the
water resistance (drag) of the boat and outboard motor must be made as little as possible. The mounting height of the outboard
motor greatly affects the water resistance. If
the mounting height is too high, cavitation
tends to occur, thus reducing the propulsion;
and if the propeller tips cut the air, the engine
speed will rise abnormally and cause the engine to overheat. If the mounting height is too
low, the water resistance will increase and
thereby reduce engine efficiency. Mount the
outboard motor so that the anti-cavitation
plate is between the bottom of the boat and
a level 25 mm (1 in) below it.
0–25mm
(0–1in)
26
ZMU01760
ZMU02011
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 27 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Installation
could allow the outboard motor to fall
off or move on the transom. This
could cause loss of control and serious injury. Make sure the clamp
screws are tightened securely. Occasionally check the screws for tightness during operation. [EWM00642]
ECM01634
NOTICE
●
●
Make sure that the idle hole is high
enough to prevent water from entering
the engine even if the boat is stationary
with the maximum load.
Incorrect engine height or obstructions
to the smooth flow of water (such as the
design or condition of the boat, or accessories, such as transom ladders or
depth finder transducers) can create
airborne water spray while the boat is
cruising. If the outboard motor is operated continuously in the presence of
airborne water spray, enough water
could enter the engine through the air
intake opening in the top cowling to
cause severe engine damage. Remove
the cause of the airborne water spray.
ZMU02012
2.
TIP:
●
●
The optimum mounting height of the outboard motor is affected by the boat and
motor combination and the desired use.
Test runs at different heights can help determine the optimum mounting height.
Consult your Yamaha dealer or boat manufacturer for further information on determining the proper mounting height.
For instructions on setting the trim angle of
the outboard motor, see page 44.
If the restraint cable attachment is
equipped on your engine, a restraint cable or chain should be used. Attach one
end to the restraint cable attachment
and the other to a secure mounting point
on the boat. Otherwise the engine could
be completely lost if it accidentally falls
off the transom.
EMU26973
Clamping the outboard motor
1.
Place the outboard motor on the transom so that it is positioned as close to
the center as possible. Tighten the transom clamp screws evenly and securely.
Occasionally check the clamp screws for
tightness during operation of the outboard motor because they could become loose due to engine vibration.
WARNING! Loose clamp screws
ZMU02013
3.
Secure the clamp bracket to the transom
using the bolts provided with the outboard (if packed). For details, consult
your Yamaha dealer. WARNING! Avoid
using bolts, nuts or washers other
than those contained in the engine
27
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 28 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Installation
packaging. If used, they must be of at
least the same quality of material and
strength and must be tightened securely. After tightening, test run the
engine and check their tightness.
[EWM00651]
1
ZMU02637
1. Bolts
28
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 29 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
EMU36381
First-time operation
EMU30174
Breaking in engine
3.
Your new engine requires a period of breakin to allow mating surfaces of moving parts to
wear in evenly. Correct break-in will help ensure proper performance and longer engine
life. NOTICE: Failure to follow the break-in
procedure could result in reduced engine
life or even severe engine damage. [ECM00801]
EMU27050
Gasoline and engine oil mixing chart
(25:1)
4.
5.
plane, then immediately reduce the
throttle to 3000 r/min or less.
Next two hours:
Accelerate at full throttle onto plane,
then reduce engine speed to three-quarter throttle (approximately 4000 r/min).
Vary engine speed occasionally. Run at
full throttle for one minute, then allow
about 10 minutes of operation at threequarter throttle or less to let the engine
cool.
Remaining seven hours:
Run the engine at any speed. However,
avoid operating at full throttle for more
than 5 minutes at a time.
After the first 10 hours:
Operate the engine normally. Use the
standard premix ratio of gasoline and oil.
For details on mixing fuel and oil, see
page 32.
EMU36400
1.
: Gasoline
2.
: Engine oil
ECM00150
NOTICE
Be sure to mix gasoline and oil completely, otherwise the engine may be damaged.
EMU27074
Procedure for pre-mixed models
Run the engine under load (in gear with a
propeller installed) for 10 hours as follows.
1. First 10 minutes:
Run the engine at the lowest possible
speed. A fast idle in neutral is best.
2. Next 50 minutes:
Do not exceed half throttle (approximately 3000 r/min). Vary engine speed
occasionally. If you have an easy-planing boat, accelerate at full throttle onto
Getting to know your boat
Different boats handle differently. Operate
cautiously while you learn how your boat
handles under different conditions and with
different trim angles (see page 44).
EMU36413
Checks before starting engine
EWM01921
WARNING
If any item in “Checks before starting engine” is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the outboard motor. Otherwise, an accident could occur.
ECM00120
NOTICE
Do not start the engine out of water. Overheating and serious engine damage can
occur.
29
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 30 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
the outboard unsafe to operate.
EMU37141
Fuel level
Be sure you have plenty of fuel for your trip.
A good rule is to use 1/3 of your fuel to get to
the destination, 1/3 to return, and to keep 1/3
as an emergency reserve. With the boat level on a trailer or in the water, check the fuel
level. For fuel filling instructions, see page
32.
EMU36571
EMU36451
Check for fuel leaks
● Check for fuel leaks or gasoline fumes in
the boat.
● Check for fuel leakage from the fuel system.
● Check the fuel tank and fuel lines for
cracks, swellings, or other damages.
EMU37321
Remove the top cowling
For the following checks, remove the top
cowling from the bottom cowling. To remove
the top cowling, release the cowling lock lever and lift off the top cowling.
Checking the fuel filter
Check that the fuel filter is clean and free of
water. If any water is found in the fuel, or if a
significant amount of debris is found, the fuel
tank should be checked and cleaned by a
Yamaha dealer.
ZMU06090
ZMU06082
EMU36442
Fuel system
EWM00060
WARNING
Gasoline and its vapors are highly flammable and explosive. Keep away from
sparks, cigarettes, flames, or other sources of ignition.
EWM00910
WARNING
Leaking fuel can result in fire or explosion.
● Check for fuel leakage regularly.
● If any fuel leakage is found, the fuel
system must be repaired by a qualified
mechanic. Improper repairs can make
30
EMU36902
Controls
Tiller handle models:
● Move the tiller handle fully to the left and
right to make sure operation is smooth.
● Turn the throttle grip from the fully closed
to the fully open position. Make sure that it
turns smoothly and that it completely returns to the fully closed position.
● Look for loose or damaged connections of
the throttle and shift cables.
Remote control models:
● Turn the steering wheel full-right and fullleft. Make sure operation is smooth and
unrestricted throughout the whole range
with no binding or excessive free play.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 31 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
●
●
Operate the throttle levers several times to
make sure there is no hesitation in their
travel. Operation should be smooth over
the complete range of motion, and each lever should return completely to the idle position.
Look for loose or damaged connections of
the throttle and shift cables.
EMU36483
Engine shut-off cord (lanyard)
Inspect the engine shut-off cord and clip for
damage, such as cuts, breaks, and wear.
EMU27120
Oil
●
EMU27141
Engine
●
●
●
Install top cowling
1.
3.
4.
5.
2
Check the engine and engine mounting.
Look for loose or damaged fasteners.
Check the propeller for damage.
EMU36954
2.
1. Cord
2. Clip
3. Engine shut-off switch
Check to be sure you have plenty of oil for
your trip.
Be sure that the cowling lock lever is released.
Be sure that the rubber seal is seated all
the way around the top cowling.
Place the top cowling on the bottom
cowling.
Check to be sure the rubber seal is seated correctly between the top cowling
and the bottom cowling.
Move the lever to lock the cowling as
shown. NOTICE: If the top cowling is
not installed correctly, water spray
under the top cowling can damage
the engine, or the top cowling can
blow off at high speeds. [ECM01991]
3
1
ZMU06115
ZMU02003
1. Cord
2. Clip
3. Engine shut-off switch
After installing, check the fitting of the top
cowling by pushing it with both hands. If the
top cowling is loose, have it repaired by your
Yamaha dealer.
31
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 32 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
1
ZMU02828
ZMU04678
EMU34581
Power trim and tilt system
EWM01930
1. Trim and tilt rod
4.
WARNING
●
●
●
Never get under the lower unit while it
is tilted, even when the tilt support lever
is locked. Severe injury could occur if
the outboard motor accidentally falls.
Body parts can be crushed between the
motor and the clamp bracket when the
motor is trimmed or tilted.
Be sure no one is near the outboard
motor before performing this check.
1.
2.
3.
Check the power trim and tilt unit for any
sign of oil leaks.
Operate each of the power trim and tilt
switches to check that all switches work.
Tilt the outboard motor up and check
that the trim and tilt rod is pushed out
completely.
5.
Check that the trim and tilt rod is free of
corrosion or other flaws.
Tilt the outboard motor down. Check that
the trim and tilt rod operates smoothly.
EMU36582
Battery
Check that the battery is in good condition,
and fully charged. Check that the battery
connections are clean, secure and covered
by insulating covers. The electrical contacts
of the battery and cables must be clean and
properly connected or the battery will not
start the engine.
Refer to the battery manufacturer’s instructions for checks for your particular battery.
EMU27234
Filling fuel and engine oil
EMU27248
Filling fuel for portable tank
EWM01830
WARNING
●
●
32
Gasoline and its vapors are highly flammable and explosive. Always refuel according to this procedure to reduce the
risk of fire and explosion.
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause
injury or death. Handle gasoline with
care. Never siphon gasoline by mouth.
If you should swallow some gasoline or
inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 33 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
some gasoline in your eyes, see your
doctor immediately. If gasoline spills
on your skin, wash with soap and water. If gasoline spills on your clothing,
change your clothes.
1.
2.
8.
Be sure the engine is stopped.
Disconnect the fuel line from the fuel
tank and tighten the air vent screw on
the fuel tank cap.
ing or funnel to help prevent electrostatic
sparks.
Fill the fuel tank, but do not overfill.
WARNING! Do not overfill. Otherwise
fuel can expand and overflow if the
temperature increases. [EWM02610]
Fuel tank capacity:
24 L (6.34 US gal, 5.28 Imp.gal)
ZMU02834
ZMU06621
9. Tighten the filler cap securely.
10. Wipe up any spilled gasoline immediately with dry rags. Dispose rags properly
according to local laws or regulations.
EMU27406
Gasoline and oil mixing (100:1)
ECM00811
NOTICE
●
ZMU02301
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the portable tank from the boat.
Be sure you are in a well-ventilated outdoor area, either securely moored or
trailered.
Do not smoke and keep away from
sparks, flames, static electric discharge,
or other sources of ignition.
If you use a portable container to store
and dispense fuel, use only an approved
GASOLINE container.
Touch the fuel nozzle to the filler open-
●
●
●
●
Avoid using any oil other than the specified type.
Use a thoroughly blended fuel-oil mixture.
If the mixture is not thoroughly mixed,
or if the mixing ratio is incorrect, the
following problems could occur.
Low oil ratio: Lack of oil could cause
major engine trouble, such as piston
seizure.
High oil ratio: Too much oil could cause
fouled spark plugs, smoky exhaust,
and heavy carbon deposits.
33
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 34 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
Gasoline to engine
oil ratio
Break-in period
After break-in
See page 29
100:1
1L
(0.26 US gal,
0.22 Imp gal)
100:1
12 L
14 L
(3.2 US gal,
(3.7 US gal,
2.6 Imp gal)
3.1 Imp gal)
24 L
(6.3 US gal,
5.3 Imp gal)
0.01 L
(0.01 US qt,
0.01 Imp qt)
0.12 L
(0.13 US qt,
0.11 Imp qt)
0.24 L
(0.25 US qt,
0.21 Imp qt)
0.14 L
(0.15 US qt,
0.12 Imp qt)
ZMU04910
1.
: Gasoline
2.
: Engine oil
If equipped with a portable fuel tank
1. Pour oil into the portable fuel tank, and
then add gasoline.
1. Engine oil
2. Gasoline
2.
Replace the fuel tank cap and close
tightly.
3. Shake the fuel tank to mix the fuel thoroughly.
4. Make sure that the oil and gasoline are
mixed.
If equipped with a built-in fuel tank
1. Pour oil into a clean fuel can, and then
add gasoline.
2. Replace the fuel can cap and close tightly.
3. Shake the fuel can to mix the fuel thoroughly.
4. Make sure that the oil and gasoline are
mixed.
5. Pour the gasoline and oil mixture into the
built-in fuel tank.
TIP:
If using a permanently installed tank, pour
34
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 35 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
the oil gradually as the gasoline is being added to the tank.
EMU27452
Operating engine
EWM00420
WARNING
●
●
●
Before starting the engine, make sure
that the boat is tightly moored and that
you can steer clear of any obstructions.
Be sure there are no swimmers in the
water near you.
When the air vent screw is loosened,
gasoline vapor will be released. Gasoline is highly flammable, and its vapors
are flammable and explosive. Refrain
from smoking, and keep away from
open flames and sparks while loosening the air vent screw.
This product emits exhaust gases
which contain carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas which could cause
brain damage or death when inhaled.
Symptoms include nausea, dizziness,
and drowsiness. Keep cockpit and cabin areas well ventilated. Avoid blocking
exhaust outlets.
ZMU03044
ZMU02024
TIP:
EMU27468
Sending fuel (portable tank)
1.
the fuel joint on the fuel line with the fuel
joint on the motor and firmly connect the
fuel line to the joint while pinching the
joint. Then firmly connect the other end
of the fuel line to the joint on the fuel
tank.
If there is an air vent screw on the fuel
tank cap, loosen it 2 or 3 turns.
Wipe up any spilled gasoline immediately
with dry rags. Dispose rags properly according to local laws or regulations.
3. Squeeze the primer pump, with the arrow pointing up, until you feel it become
firm. During engine operation place the
tank horizontally, otherwise fuel cannot
be drawn from the fuel tank.
ZMU02295
2.
If there is a fuel joint on the motor, align
35
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 36 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
1.
Place the gear shift lever in neutral.
N
ZMU03045
1. Arrow
EMU27493
Starting engine
EWM01600
WARNING
Before starting the engine, make sure
that the boat is tightly moored and that
you can steer clear of any obstructions.
Be sure there are no swimmers in the water near you.
TIP:
The start-in-gear protection device prevents
the engine from starting except when in neutral.
2. Attach the engine shut-off cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your arm
or leg. Then install the clip on the other
end of the cord into the engine shut-off
switch.
EMU27508
Manual start models (tiller control)
EWM01840
WARNING
●
●
Failure to attached engine shut-off cord
could result in a runaway boat if operator is ejected. Attach the engine shutoff cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your arm or leg while operating.
Do not attach the cord to clothing that
could tear loose. Do not route the cord
where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the cord during normal operation. Loss of engine
power means the loss of most steering
control. Also, without engine power,
the boat could slow rapidly. This could
cause people and objects in the boat to
be thrown forward.
36
ZMU02026
3.
Place the throttle grip in the “
(start) position.
”
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 37 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
ZMU02954
4.
Pull out / turn the choke knob fully. After
the engine starts, replace / return the
knob to the home position.
6.
7.
After the engine starts, slowly return the
manual starter handle to its original position before releasing it.
Slowly return the throttle grip to the fully
closed position.
ZMU03047
TIP:
It is not necessary to use the choke when
starting a warm engine.
● If the choke knob is left in the “
”
(start) position while the engine is running,
the engine will run poorly or stall.
5. Pull the manual starter handle slowly until you feel resistance. Then give a
strong pull straight out to crank and start
the engine. Repeat if necessary.
●
ZMU02030
TIP:
●
●
When the engine is cold, it needs to be
warmed up. For further information, see
page 41.
If the engine does not start on the first try,
repeat the procedure. If the engine fails to
start after 4 or 5 tries, open the throttle a
small amount (between 1/8 and 1/4) and
try again. Also if the engine is warm and
fails to start, open the throttle a same
amount and try to start the engine again. If
the engine still fails to start, see page 69.
37
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 38 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
EMU27636
Manual start models (remote control)
EWM01840
WARNING
●
●
Failure to attached engine shut-off cord
could result in a runaway boat if operator is ejected. Attach the engine shutoff cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your arm or leg while operating.
Do not attach the cord to clothing that
could tear loose. Do not route the cord
where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the cord during normal operation. Loss of engine
power means the loss of most steering
control. Also, without engine power,
the boat could slow rapidly. This could
cause people and objects in the boat to
be thrown forward.
1.
3.
Open the throttle slightly without shifting
using the neutral throttle lever. You may
need to change the throttle opening
slightly depending on engine temperature. After the engine starts, return the
throttle to the original position.
N
Place the remote control lever in neutral.
ZMU02314
TIP:
As a starting point, lift the lever just until
you feel resistance, then lift slightly more.
● The neutral throttle lever can only be used
when the remote control lever is in neutral.
4. Pull out / turn the choke knob fully. After
the engine starts, replace / return the
knob to the home position.
●
TIP:
The start-in-gear protection device prevents
the engine from starting except when in neutral.
2. Attach the engine shut-off cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your arm
or leg. Then install the clip on the other
end of the cord into the engine shut-off
switch.
38
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 39 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
gine is warm and fails to start, open the
throttle a small amount and try to start the
engine again. If the engine still fails to
start, see page 69.
EMU27645
Electric start / remote control models
EWM01840
WARNING
●
ZMU03049
TIP:
It is not necessary to use the choke when
starting a warm engine.
● If the choke knob is left in the “
”
(start) position while the engine is running,
the engine will run poorly or stall.
5. Pull the manual starter handle slowly until you feel resistance. Then give a
strong pull straight out to crank and start
the engine. Repeat if necessary.
●
●
1.
6.
Failure to attached engine shut-off cord
could result in a runaway boat if operator is ejected. Attach the engine shutoff cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your arm or leg while operating.
Do not attach the cord to clothing that
could tear loose. Do not route the cord
where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the cord during normal operation. Loss of engine
power means the loss of most steering
control. Also, without engine power,
the boat could slow rapidly. This could
cause people and objects in the boat to
be thrown forward.
Place the remote control lever in neutral.
After the engine starts, slowly return the
manual starter handle to its original position before releasing it.
TIP:
●
●
When the engine is cold, it needs to be
warmed up. For further information, see
page 41.
If the engine does not start on the first try,
repeat the procedure. If the engine fails to
start after 4 or 5 tries, open the throttle a
small amount and try again. Also if the en-
TIP:
The start-in-gear protection device prevents
the engine from starting except when in neutral.
2. Attach the engine shut-off cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your arm
39
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 40 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
or leg. Then install the clip on the other
end of the cord into the engine shut-off
switch.
3.
Turn the main switch to “
” (on).
TIP:
On remote controls equipped with a neutral throttle lever, a good starting point is to
lift the lever just until you feel resistance,
then lift slightly more.
● The neutral throttle lever or free accelerator can only be used when the remote control lever is in neutral.
5. Press in and hold the main switch to operate the remote choke system. The remote choke switch automatically returns
to its normal position when you release
your hand. Therefore keep the switch
pressed in.
●
ON
OFF
OFF
Open the throttle slightly without shifting
using the neutral throttle lever or free accelerator. You may need to change the
throttle opening slightly depending on
engine temperature. After the engine
starts, return the throttle to the original
position.
START
ZMU02315
ZMU01880
4.
ON
TIP:
It is not necessary to use the choke when
starting a warm engine.
● Push in the main switch fully, or the remote
choke system will not operate.
6. Turn the main switch to “
” (start),
and hold it for a maximum of 5 seconds.
●
N
OFF
ZMU02314
40
ON
START
ZMU02316
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 41 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
7.
Immediately after the engine starts, release the main switch and allow it to return to “ ” (on). NOTICE: Never turn
the main switch to “
” (start)
while the engine is running. Do not
keep the starter motor turning for
more than 5 seconds. If the starter
motor is turned continuously for
more than 5 seconds, the battery will
be quickly discharged, thus making it
impossible to start the engine. The
starter can also be damaged. If the
engine will not start after 5 seconds
of cranking, return the main switch to
“ ” (on), wait 10 seconds, then
crank the engine again. [ECM00192]
EMU36510
Checks after starting engine
EMU36522
Cooling water
Check for a steady flow of water from the
cooling water pilot hole. A continuous flow of
water from the pilot hole indicates that the
water pump is pumping water through the
cooling water passages. If the cooling water
passages are frozen, it may take a while for
water to start flowing out of the pilot hole.
ECM01810
NOTICE
If water is not flowing out of the pilot hole
at all times while the engine is running,
overheating and serious damage could
occur. Stop the engine and check whether the cooling water inlet on the lower
case or the cooling water pilot hole is
blocked. Consult your Yamaha dealer if
the problem cannot be located and corrected.
ZMU03054
EMU27670
Warming up engine
EMU27683
Choke start models
After starting the engine, allow it to idle for 3
minutes to warm up. Failure to do so will
shorten engine life. Gradually return the
choke knob to its home position as the engine warms up.
EMU36531
Checks after engine warm up
EMU36541
Shifting
While the boat is tightly moored, and without
applying throttle, confirm that the engine
shifts smoothly into forward and reverse, and
back to neutral.
EMU36980
Stop switches
●
●
●
Turn the main switch to “
”, or press the
engine stop button and make sure the engine stops.
Confirm that removing the clip from the engine shut-off switch stops the engine.
Confirm that the engine cannot be started
with the clip removed from the engine
shut-off switch.
EMU34530
Shifting
EWM00180
WARNING
Before shifting, make sure there are no
41
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 42 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
swimmers or obstacles in the water near
you.
ECM01610
NOTICE
Warm up the engine before shifting into
gear. Until the engine is warm, the idle
speed may be higher than normal. High
idle speed can prevent you from shifting
back to neutral. If this occurs, stop the
engine, shift to neutral, then restart the
engine and allow it to warm up.
ZMU03060
To shift out of neutral
1. Pull the neutral interlock trigger up (if
equipped).
R
N
F
1. Neutral interlock trigger
2.
42
Move the remote control lever / gear
shift lever firmly and crisply forward (for
forward gear) or backward (for reverse
gear) [about 35 (a detent can felt) for remote control models]. Be sure to check
that the tilt lock lever is in the lock/down
position (if equipped) before operating in
reverse.
ZMU05737
To shift from in gear (forward/reverse) to
neutral
1. Close the throttle so that the engine
slows to idle speed.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 43 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
N
ZMU03064
EMU31742
Stopping boat
EWM01510
WARNING
●
ZMU02030
2.
After the engine is at idle speed in gear
move the remote control lever / gear
shift lever firmly and crisply into the neutral position.
●
Do not use the reverse function to slow
down or stop the boat as it could cause
you to lose control, be ejected, or impact the steering wheel or other parts of
the boat. This could increase the risk of
serious injury. It could also damage the
shift mechanism.
Do not shift into reverse while traveling
at planing speeds. Loss of control, boat
swamping, or damage to the boat could
occur.
The boat is not equipped with a separate
braking system. Water resistance stops it after the throttle lever is moved back to idle.
The stopping distance varies depending on
gross weight, water surface conditions, and
wind direction.
EMU27821
Stopping engine
Before stopping the engine, first let it cool off
for a few minutes at idle or low speed. Stopping the engine immediately after operating
at high speed is not recommended.
EMU27847
Procedure
1.
Push and hold the engine stop button or
turn the main switch to “
” (off).
43
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 44 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
ZMU02083
ZMU02301
4.
Remove the key if the boat will be left unattended.
TIP:
The engine can also be stopped by pulling
the cord and removing the clip from the engine shut-off switch, then turning the main
switch to “
” (off).
EMU27862
Trimming outboard motor
EWM00740
2.
After stopping the engine, disconnect
the fuel line if there is a fuel joint on the
outboard motor.
ZMU03061
3.
44
Tighten the air vent screw on the fuel
tank cap (if equipped).
WARNING
Excessive trim for the operating conditions (either trim up or trim down) can
cause boat instability and can make
steering the boat more difficult. This increases the possibility of an accident. If
the boat begins to feel unstable or is hard
to steer, slow down and/or readjust the
trim angle.
The trim angle of the outboard motor helps
determine the position of the bow of the boat
in the water. Correct trim angle will help improve performance and fuel economy while
reducing strain on the engine. Correct trim
angle depends upon the combination of
boat, engine, and propeller. Correct trim is
also affected by variables such as the load in
the boat, sea conditions, and running speed.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 45 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
1
ZMU03063
1. Trim rod
1
ZMU03062
1. Trim operating angle
3. Reposition the rod in the desired hole.
To raise the bow (“trim-out”), move the rod
away from the transom.
To lower the bow (“trim-in”), move the rod toward the transom.
Make test runs with the trim set to different
angles to find the position that works best for
your boat and operating conditions.
EWM00400
WARNING
EMU27872
Adjusting trim angle for manual tilt
models
●
There are 4 or 5 holes provided in the clamp
bracket to adjust the outboard motor trim angle.
1. Stop the engine.
2. Tilt the outboard motor up, and then remove the trim rod from the clamp bracket.
●
●
Stop the engine before adjusting the
trim angle.
Use care to avoid being pinched when
removing or installing the rod.
Use caution when trying a trim position
for the first time. Increase speed gradually and watch for any signs of instability or control problems. Improper trim
angle can cause loss of control.
TIP:
The outboard motor trim angle can be
changed approximately 4 degrees by shifting
the trim rod one hole.
EMU27885
Adjusting trim angle (Power trim and
tilt)
EWM00753
WARNING
●
Be sure all people are clear of the out-
45
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 46 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
●
●
board motor when adjusting the trim
angle. Body parts can be crushed between the motor and the clamp bracket
when the motor is trimmed or tilted.
Use caution when trying a trim position
for the first time. Increase speed gradually and watch for any signs of instability or control problems. Improper trim
angle can cause loss of control.
If equipped with a power trim and tilt
switch located on the bottom cowling,
use the switch only when the boat is at
a complete stop with the engine off. Do
not adjust the trim angle with this
switch while the boat is moving.
Adjust the outboard motor trim angle using
the power trim and tilt switch.
the boat is up about 3 to 5 degrees. With the
bow up, the boat may have a greater tendency to steer to one side or the other. Compensate for this as you steer. When the bow of
the boat is down, it is easier to accelerate
from a standing start onto plane.
Bow Up
Too much trim-out puts the bow of the boat
too high in the water. Performance and economy are decreased because the hull of the
boat is pushing the water and there is more
air drag. Excessive trim-out can also cause
the propeller to ventilate, which reduces performance further, and the boat may “porpoise” (hop in the water), which could throw
the operator and passengers overboard.
1. Power trim and tilt switch
To raise the bow (trim-out), press the switch
“ ” (up).
To lower the bow (trim-in), press the switch
“ ” (down).
Make test runs with the trim set to different
angles to find the position that works best for
your boat and operating conditions.
EMU27912
Adjusting boat trim
When the boat is on plane, a bow-up attitude
results in less drag, greater stability and efficiency. This is generally when the keel line of
46
Bow Down
Too much trim-in causes the boat to “plow”
through the water, decreasing fuel economy
and making it hard to increase speed. Operating with excessive trim-in at higher speeds
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 47 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
also makes the boat unstable. Resistance at
the bow is greatly increased, heightening the
danger of “bow steering” and making operation difficult and dangerous.
ECM00241
NOTICE
●
●
Before tilting the outboard motor, stop
the engine by following the procedure
on page 43. Never tilt the outboard motor while the engine is running. Severe
damage from overheating can result.
Do not tilt up the engine by pushing the
tiller handle (if equipped) because this
could break the handle.
EMU2797B
Procedure for tilting up (manual tilt
models)
1.
TIP:
Depending on the type of boat, the outboard
motor trim angle may have little effect on the
trim of the boat when operating.
Place the remote control lever / gear
shift lever in neutral.
N
EMU27935
Tilting up and down
If the engine will be stopped for some time or
if the boat is moored in shallows, the outboard motor should be tilted up to protect the
propeller and lower casing from damage by
collision with obstructions, and also to reduce salt corrosion.
ZMU03064
EWM00222
WARNING
Make sure that no one is near the outboard motor when tilting the outboard
motor up or down. Otherwise, body parts
could be crushed between the outboard
motor and the clamp bracket.
EWM00250
WARNING
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. If there is a
fuel joint on the outboard motor, disconnect the fuel line or close the fuel cock if
the engine will be tilted for more than a
few minutes. Otherwise fuel may leak.
2.
Disconnect the fuel line from the outboard motor.
47
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 48 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
ZMU04851
ZMU03065
3.
Place the tilt lock lever (if equipped) in
the release/up position.
EMU32724
Procedure for tilting up (power trim
and tilt models)
1.
Place the remote control lever in neutral.
2.
Press the power trim and tilt switch “ ”
(up) until the outboard motor has tilted
up completely.
3.
Push the tilt support knob into the clamp
bracket to support the engine.
WARNING! After tilting the outboard
motor, be sure to support it with the
ZMU03066
4.
5.
6.
48
Pull up the shallow water lever (if
equipped).
Hold the rear of the top cowling with one
hand and tilt the engine up fully.
Push the tilt support knob into the clamp
bracket. Or the tilt support bar will turn to
the
lock
position
automatically.
NOTICE: Do not use the tilt support
lever or knob when trailering the
boat. The outboard motor could
shake loose from the tilt support and
fall. If the motor cannot be trailered in
the normal running position, use an
additional support device to secure it
in the tilt position. For more detailed
information, see page 53. [ECM01641]
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 49 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
tilt support knob or tilt support lever.
Otherwise the outboard motor could
fall back down suddenly if oil in the
power trim and tilt unit or in the power tilt unit loses pressure. [EWM00262]
NOTICE: Do not use the tilt support
lever or knob when trailering the
boat. The outboard motor could
shake loose from the tilt support and
fall. If the motor cannot be trailered in
the normal running position, use an
additional support device to secure it
in the tilt position. For more detailed
information, see page 53. [ECM01641]
2.
Pull out the tilt support knob.
ZMU02825
3.
Push the power trim and tilt switch “ ”
(down) to lower the outboard motor to
the desired position.
DN
ZMU02812
4.
Models equipped with trim rods: Once
the outboard motor is supported with the
tilt support lever, press the power trim
and tilt switch “ ” (down) to retract the
trim rods. NOTICE: Make sure that the
trim rods retracts completely during
mooring. This protects the rods from
marine growth and corrosion, which
could damage the power trim and tilt
mechanism. [ECM00252]
UP
DN
ZMU01936
EMU30631
Procedure for tilting down (manual
tilt models)
1.
2.
Slightly tilt the outboard motor up.
If equipped with a tilt support bar: Slightly tilt up the engine until the tilt support
bar is automatically released.
EMU33121
Procedure for tilting down (power
trim and tilt models)
1.
Push the power trim and tilt switch “ ”
(up) until the outboard motor is supported by the tilt rod and the tilt support knob
becomes free.
ZMU04851
49
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 50 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
3.
If equipped with a tilt support knob: Pull
it out, then slowly tilt the engine down.
EMU28061
Shallow water
EMU28125
Procedure
1. Place the remote control lever / gear
shift lever in neutral.
EMU28073
Cruising in shallow water (manual tilt
models)
N
EWM01781
WARNING
●
●
Run the boat at the lowest possible
speed when using the shallow water
cruising system. The tilt lock mechanism does not work while the shallow
water cruising system is being used.
Hitting an underwater obstacle could
cause the outboard motor to lift out of
the water, resulting in loss of control.
Use extra care when operating in reverse. Too much reverse thrust can
cause the outboard motor to lift out of
the water, increasing the chance of accident and personal injury.
ZMU03070
ECM00260
NOTICE
Do not tilt the outboard motor up so that
the cooling water inlet on the lower unit is
above the surface of the water when setting up for and cruising in shallow water.
Otherwise severe damage from overheating can result.
2.
Place the tilt lock lever in the release/up
position.
ZMU03071
3.
ZMU03069
50
Slightly tilt the outboard motor up. The
tilt support bar will lock automatically,
supporting the outboard motor in a partially raised position. This outboard motor has 2 positions for shallow water
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 51 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
ing can result.
cruising.
EMU32922
Procedure for power trim and tilt models
1. Place the remote control lever in neutral.
ZMU04851
4.
5.
To return the outboard motor to the normal running position, place the remote
control lever / gear shift lever in neutral.
Place the tilt lock lever in the lock/down
position, then slightly tilt the outboard
motor up until the tilt support bar automatically returns to the free position.
2.
UP
ZMU03072
6.
Slightly tilt the outboard motor up to the
desired position using the power trim
and tilt switch. WARNING! Using the
power trim and tilt switch on the bottom cowling while the boat is moving
or engine is on could increase the
risk of falling overboard and could
distract the operator, increasing the
risk of collision with another boat or
an obstacle. [EWM01850]
UP
DN
Slowly lower the outboard motor to the
normal position.
EMU32851
Power trim and tilt models
The outboard motor can be tilted up partially
to allow operation in shallow water.
ECM00260
NOTICE
Do not tilt the outboard motor up so that
the cooling water inlet on the lower unit is
above the surface of the water when setting up for and cruising in shallow water.
Otherwise severe damage from overheat-
ZMU01935
3.
To return the outboard motor to the normal running position, press the power
trim and tilt switch and slowly tilt the outboard motor down.
51
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 52 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Operation
EMU28195
Cruising in other conditions
Cruising in salt water
After operating in salt water, flush the cooling
water passages with fresh water to prevent
them from becoming clogged. Also rinse the
outside of the outboard motor with fresh water.
Cruising in muddy, turbid, or acidic water
Yamaha strongly recommends that you use
the optional chromium-plated water pump kit
(see page 12) if you use the outboard motor
in acidic water or water with a lot of sediment
in it, such as muddy or turbid (cloudy) water.
After operating in such water, flush the cooling passages with fresh water to prevent corrosion. Also rinse the outside of the outboard
motor with fresh water.
52
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 53 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
EMU2822A
Transporting and storing
outboard motor
EWM02620
WARNING
●
●
●
●
●
USE CARE when transporting fuel tank,
whether in a boat or car.
DO NOT fill fuel container to maximum
capacity. Gasoline will expand considerably as it warms up and can build up
pressure in the fuel container. This can
cause fuel leakage and a potential fire
hazard.
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. When
transporting and storing the outboard
motor, disconnect the fuel line from the
outboard motor to prevent fuel from
leaking.
Never get under the outboard motor
while it is tilted. Severe injury could occur if the outboard motor accidentally
falls.
Do not use the tilt support lever or knob
when trailering the boat. The outboard
motor could shake loose from the tilt
support and fall. If the outboard motor
cannot be trailered in the normal running position, use an additional support device to secure it in the tilt
position.
Disconnect the fuel line from the outboard
motor.
● Tighten the fuel tank cap and its air vent
screw.
● When the outboard motor is tilted prolonged time for mooring or trailering the
boat, disconnect the fuel line from the outboard motor. Tighten the fuel tank cap and
its air vent screw.
The outboard motor should be transported
and stored in the normal running position. If
there is insufficient road clearance in this position, then trailer the outboard motor in the
tilt position using a motor support device
such as a transom saver bar. Consult your
Yamaha dealer for further details.
●
EMU28236
Clamp screw mounting models
When transporting or storing the outboard
motor while removed from a boat, keep the
outboard motor in the attitude shown.
ZMU03089
ECM02440
NOTICE
When storing the outboard motor for prolonged time, fuel must be drained from
the fuel tank. The deteriorated fuel could
clog the fuel line causing engine start difficulty or malfunction.
When storing or transporting the outboard
motor, make sure to follow the procedure listed below.
ZMU02050
53
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 54 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
TIP:
Place a towel or something similar under the
outboard motor to protect it from damage.
4.
EMU30272
Storing outboard motor
When storing your Yamaha outboard motor
for prolonged periods of time (2 months or
longer), several important procedures must
be performed to prevent excessive damage.
It is advisable to have your outboard motor
serviced by an authorized Yamaha dealer
prior to storage. However, you, the owner,
with a minimum of tools, can perform the following procedures.
lencer cover. Remove the propeller.
Install the outboard motor on the test
tank. Fill the tank with fresh water to
above the level of the anti-cavitation
plate. NOTICE: If the fresh water level
is below the level of the anti-cavitation plate, or if the water supply is insufficient, engine seizure may occur.
[ECM00291]
1
2
ECM01411
NOTICE
●
●
Do not place the outboard motor on its
side before the cooling water has
drained from it completely, otherwise
water may enter the cylinder through
the exhaust port and cause engine trouble.
Store the outboard motor in a dry, wellventilated place, not in direct sunlight.
ZMU02051
1. Water surface
2. Lowest water level
5.
EMU28305
Procedure
EMU28335
Flushing in a test tank
ECM00301
NOTICE
Before starting the engine, make sure to
supply water to the cooling water passages. Otherwise, the engine could overheat
and be damaged.
1.
2.
3.
54
Wash the outboard motor body using
fresh water. NOTICE: Do not spray water into the air intake. [ECM01840] For further information, see page 55.
Disconnect the fuel line from the motor
or shut off the fuel cock, if equipped.
Remove the engine top cowling and si-
6.
7.
Cooling system flushing is essential to
prevent the cooling system from clogging up with salt, sand, or dirt. In addition, fogging/lubricating of the engine is
mandatory to prevent excessive engine
damage due to rust. Perform the flushing and fogging at the same time.
WARNING! Do not touch or remove
electrical parts when starting or during operation. Keep hands, hair, and
clothes away from the flywheel and
other rotating parts while the engine
is running. [EWM00091]
Run the engine at a fast idle for a few
minutes in neutral position.
Just prior to turning off the engine, quickly spray “Fogging Oil” alternately into
each carburetor or the fogging hole of
the silencer cover, if equipped. When
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 55 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
properly done, the engine will smoke excessively and almost stall.
Remove the outboard motor from the
test tank.
Install the silencer cover/cap of fogging
hole and top cowling.
If the “Fogging Oil” is not available, run
the engine at a fast idle until the fuel system becomes empty and the engine
stops.
Drain the cooling water completely out of
the motor. Clean the body thoroughly.
If the “Fogging Oil” is not available, remove the spark plug(s). Pour a teaspoonful of clean engine oil into each
cylinder. Crank several times manually.
Replace the spark plug(s).
Drain the fuel from the fuel tank.
TIP:
Store the fuel tank in a dry, well-ventilated
place, not in direct sunlight.
EMU28402
Lubrication
1.
2.
3.
Install the spark plug(s) and torque to
proper specification. For information on
spark plug installation, see page 61.
Change the gear oil. For instructions,
see page 64. Inspect the oil for the presence of water that indicates a leaky seal.
Seal replacement should be performed
by an authorized Yamaha dealer prior to
use.
Grease all grease fittings. For further details, see page 60.
TIP:
For long-term storage, fogging the engine
with oil is recommended. Contact your
Yamaha dealer for information about fogging
oil and procedures for your engine.
EMU28451
Cleaning the outboard motor
After use, wash the exterior of the outboard
motor with fresh water. Flush the cooling
system with fresh water.
ZMU03073
EMU28461
Checking painted surface of
outboard motor
Check the outboard motor for scratches,
nicks, or flaking paint. Areas with damaged
paint are more likely to corrode. If necessary,
clean and paint the areas. A touch-up paint is
available from your Yamaha dealer.
EMU2850B
Periodic maintenance
EWM01871
WARNING
These procedures require mechanical
skills, tools, and supplies. If you do not
have the proper skills, tools, or supplies
to perform a maintenance procedure,
have a Yamaha dealer or other qualified
mechanic do the work.
The procedures involve disassembling
the motor and exposing dangerous parts.
To reduce the risk of injury from moving,
hot, or electrical parts:
● Turn off the engine and keep the key(s)
and engine shut-off cord (lanyard) with
you when you perform maintenance unless otherwise specified.
55
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 56 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
●
●
●
The power trim and tilt switches operate even when the ignition key is off.
Keep people away from the switches
whenever working around the motor.
When the motor is tilted, keep away
from the area under it or between it and
the clamp bracket. Be sure no one is in
this area before operating the power
trim and tilt mechanism.
Allow the engine to cool before handling hot parts or fluids.
Always completely reassemble the motor before operation.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of
the emission control devices and systems on models affixed with an emission
control label may be performed by any
marine engine repair establishment or individual. All warranty repairs, however,
including those to the emission control
system, must be performed by an authorized Yamaha marine dealership.
EMU28511
Replacement parts
If replacement parts are necessary, use only
genuine Yamaha parts or parts of equivalent
design and quality. Any part of inferior quality
may malfunction, and the resulting loss of
control could endanger the operator and
passengers. Yamaha genuine parts and accessories are available from your Yamaha
dealer.
EMU34151
Severe operating conditions
Severe operating conditions involve one or
more of the following types of operation on a
regular basis:
● Operating continuously at or near maximum engine speed (rpm) for many hours
● Operating continuously at a low engine
speed (rpm) for many hours
56
Operating without sufficient time for engine
to warm up and cool down
● Frequent quick acceleration and deceleration
● Frequent shifting
● Frequently starting and stopping the engine(s)
● Operation that fluctuates often between
light and heavy cargo loads
Outboard motors operating under any of
these above conditions require more frequent maintenance. Yamaha recommends
that you do this service twice as often as
specified in the maintenance chart. For example, if a particular service should be done
at 50 hours, do it instead at 25 hours. This
will help prevent more rapid deterioration of
engine components.
●
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 57 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
EMU34446
Maintenance chart 1
TIP:
Refer to the sections in this chapter for explanations of each owner-specific action.
The maintenance cycle on these charts assume usage of 100 hours per year and regular
flushing of the cooling water passages. Maintenance frequency should be adjusted when
operating the engine under adverse conditions such as extended trolling.
● Disassembly or repairs may be necessary depending on the outcome of maintenance
checks.
● Expendable or consumable parts and lubricants will lose their effectiveness over time and
through normal usage regardless of the warranty period.
● When operating in salt water, muddy, other turbid (cloudy), acidic water, the engine should
be flushed with clean water after each use.
The “ ” symbol indicates the check-ups which you may carry out yourself.
The “ ” symbol indicates work to be carried out by your Yamaha dealer.
●
●
Initial
Item
Anode(s) (external)
Anode(s) (cylinder
head, thermostat
cover)
Anodes (exhaust cover,
cooling water passage
cover, Rectifier Regulator cover)
Battery (electrolyte
level, terminal)
Battery (electrolyte
level, terminal)
Cooling water leakage
Cowling lock lever
Engine starting condition/noise
Engine idle
speed/noise
Fuel filter (can be disassembled)
Fuel line (High pressure)
Actions
20 hours
(3
months)
Every
100
hours (1
year)
300
hours (3
years)
500
hours (5
years)
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Replacement
Inspection
Fill, charging or replacing as necessary
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection
57
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 58 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
Initial
Item
Fuel line (High pressure)
Fuel line (Low pressure)
Fuel line (Low pressure)
Fuel pump
Actions
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Fuel/engine oil leakage
Inspection
Gear oil
Replacement
Greasing points
Greasing
Impeller/water pump
housing
Impeller/water pump
housing
Power trim and tilt
unit/Operation, noise
and oil leakage
Propeller/propeller
nut/cotter pin
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Shift link/shift cable
Spark plug(s)
Spark plug caps/spark
plug wires
Water from the cooling
water pilot hole
Throttle link/throttle
cable/throttle pick-up
timing
Thermostat
Replacement
Inspection
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection, adjustment
or replacement as necessary
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Inspection
Inspection, adjustment
or replacement as necessary
Inspection or replacement as necessary
Cooling water inlet
Inspection
Main switch/stop
switch/choke switch
Wire harness connections/wire coupler connections
Inspection or replacement as necessary
58
Inspection or replacement as necessary
20 hours
(3
months)
Every
100
hours (1
year)
300
hours (3
years)
500
hours (5
years)
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 59 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
Initial
Item
Actions
(Yamaha) Meter/gauge
Inspection
Fuel tank (Yamaha portable tank)
Inspection and cleaning as necessary
20 hours
(3
months)
Every
100
hours (1
year)
300
hours (3
years)
500
hours (5
years)
EMU34451
Maintenance chart 2
Item
Exhaust guide/exhaust
manifold
Actions
Every
1000 hours
Inspection or replacement as necessary
59
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 60 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
EMU28943
Greasing
Yamaha grease A (water resistant grease)
Yamaha grease D (corrosion resistant grease; for propeller shaft)
E40XMH
ZMU03074
60
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 61 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
40XWT
ZMU03075
EMU28957
Cleaning and adjusting spark plug
The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition
of the spark plug can indicate something
about the condition of the engine. For example, if the center electrode porcelain is very
white, this could indicate an intake air leak or
carburetion problem in that cylinder. Do not
attempt to diagnose any problems yourself.
Instead, take the outboard motor to a
Yamaha dealer. You should periodically remove and inspect the spark plug because
heat and deposits will cause the spark plug
to slowly break down and erode.
1. Remove the spark plug caps from the
2.
spark plugs.
Remove the spark plug. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon
and other deposits are excessive, you
should replace the spark plug with another of the correct type. WARNING!
When removing or installing a spark
plug, be careful not to damage the insulator. A damaged insulator could
allow external sparks, which could
lead to explosion or fire. [EWM00561]
Standard spark plug:
BR7HS
3.
Be sure to use the specified spark plug,
61
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 62 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
otherwise the engine may not operate
properly. Before fitting the spark plug,
measure the electrode gap with a wire
thickness gauge; replace it if out of specification.
ZMU06082
EMU29044
Inspecting idle speed
EWM00451
WARNING
●
1. Spark plug gap
2. Spark plug part number
3. Spark plug I.D. mark (NGK)
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in)
4.
When fitting the plug, wipe off any dirt
from the threads, and then screw it in to
the correct torque.
Spark plug torque:
25.0 Nm (2.55 kgf-m, 18.4 ft-lb)
TIP:
If a torque-wrench is not available when you
are fitting a spark plug, a good estimate of
the correct torque is 1/4 to 1/2 a turn past finger-tight. Have the spark plug adjusted to the
correct torque as soon as possible with a
torque-wrench.
EMU37450
Checking fuel filter
Check the fuel filter periodically. If any water
or foreign matter is found in the filter, clean or
replace it. For cleaning or replacement of the
fuel filter, consult your Yamaha dealer.
62
●
Do not touch or remove electrical parts
when starting or during operation.
Keep hands, hair, and clothes away
from the flywheel and other rotating
parts while the engine is running.
ECM00490
NOTICE
This procedure must be performed while
the outboard motor is in the water. A
flushing attachment or test tank can be
used.
If the boat is not equipped with a tachometer
for the outboard motor, use a diagnostic tachometer for this procedure. Results may
vary depending on whether testing is conducted with the flushing attachment, in a test
tank, or with the outboard motor in the water.
1. Start the engine and allow it to warm up
fully in neutral until it is running smoothly.
2. Once the engine has warmed up, verify
whether the idle speed is set to specification. For idle speed specifications, see
page 9. If you have difficulty verifying the
idle speed, or the idle speed requires adjustment, consult a Yamaha dealer or
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 63 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
other qualified mechanic.
EMU29114
Inspecting wiring and connectors
●
●
Inspect that each connector is engaged
securely.
Inspect that each ground lead is properly
secured.
ZMU01897
Checkpoints
Check each of the propeller blades for erosion from cavitation or ventilation, or other
damage.
● Check the propeller shaft for damage.
● Check the splines for wear or damage.
● Check for fish line tangled around the propeller shaft.
●
ZMU03078
EMU32112
Checking propeller
EWM01881
WARNING
You could be seriously injured if the engine accidentally starts when you are
near the propeller. Before inspecting, removing, or installing the propeller, place
the shift control in neutral, turn the main
switch to “
” (off) and remove the key,
and remove the clip from the engine shutoff switch. Turn off the battery cut-off
switch if your boat has one.
Do not use your hand to hold the propeller
when loosening or tightening the propeller
nut. Put a wood block between the anti-cavitation plate and the propeller to prevent the
propeller from turning.
●
Check the propeller shaft oil seal for damage.
EMU30662
Removing propeller
EMU29197
Spline models
1. Straighten the cotter pin and pull it out
using a pair of pliers.
2. Remove the propeller nut, washer, and
spacer (if equipped). WARNING! Do
not use your hand to hold the propeller when loosening the propeller nut.
[EWM01890]
63
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 64 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
specified torque.
Propeller nut tightening torque:
40.0 Nm (4.08 kgf-m, 29.5 ft-lb)
4.
1. Cotter pin
2. Propeller nut
3. Washer
4. Spacer
5. Propeller
6. Thrust washer
3.
Remove the propeller, washer
equipped), and thrust washer.
Align the propeller nut with the propeller
shaft hole. Insert a new cotter pin in the
hole and bend the cotter pin ends.
NOTICE: Do not reuse the cotter pin.
Otherwise, the propeller can come off
during operation. [ECM01891]
(if
EMU30672
Installing propeller
EMU29234
Spline models
ECM00501
NOTICE
Make sure to use a new cotter pin and
bend the ends over securely. Otherwise,
the propeller could come off during operation and be lost.
1.
2.
3.
64
Apply Yamaha marine grease or a corrosion resistant grease to the propeller
shaft.
Install the spacer (if equipped), thrust
washer, washer (if equipped), and propeller on the propeller shaft. NOTICE:
Make sure to install the thrust washer
before installing the propeller. Otherwise, the lower case and propeller
boss could be damaged. [ECM01881]
Install the spacer (if equipped) and the
washer. Tighten the propeller nut to the
ZMU02063
TIP:
If the propeller nut does not align with the
propeller shaft hole after tightening to the
specified torque, tighten the nut further to
align it with the hole.
EMU29289
Changing gear oil
EWM00800
WARNING
●
●
1.
Be sure the outboard motor is securely
fastened to the transom or a stable
stand. You could be severely injured if
the outboard motor falls on you.
Never get under the lower unit while it
is tilted, even when the tilt support lever
or knob is locked. Severe injury could
occur if the outboard motor accidentally falls.
Tilt the outboard motor so that the gear
oil drain screw is at the lowest point pos-
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 65 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
2.
3.
tion. Using a flexible or pressurized filling device, inject the gear oil into the
gear oil drain screw hole.
sible.
Place a suitable container under the
gear case.
Remove the gear oil drain screw and
gasket. NOTICE: If there is an excessive quantity of metal particles on the
magnetic gear oil drain screw, this
can indicate lower unit problem. Consult your Yamaha dealer. [ECM01900]
Recommended gear oil:
Hypoid gear oil SAE#90
Gear oil quantity:
0.430 L (0.455 US qt, 0.378 Imp.qt)
2
1
ZMU03090
ZMU03079
1. Gear oil drain screw
2. Oil level plug
6.
TIP:
If a magnetic gear oil drain screw is
equipped, remove all metal particles from
the screw before installing it.
● Always use new gaskets. Do not reuse the
removed gaskets.
4. Remove the oil level plug and gasket to
allow the oil to drain completely.
NOTICE: Check the used gear oil after
it has been drained. If the gear oil is
milky or contains water or a large
amount of metal particles, the gear
case may be damaged. Have a
Yamaha dealer check and repair the
outboard motor. [ECM00713]
●
TIP:
For disposal of used oil, consult your
Yamaha dealer.
5. Put the outboard motor in a vertical posi-
Put a new gasket on the oil level plug.
When the oil begins to flow out of the oil
level plug hole, insert and tighten the oil
level plug.
Tightening torque:
9 Nm (0.9 kgf-m, 6.6 ft-lb)
7.
Put a new gasket on the gear oil drain
screw. Insert and tighten the gear oil
drain screw.
Tightening torque:
9 Nm (0.9 kgf-m, 6.6 ft-lb)
EMU29302
Cleaning fuel tank
EWM00920
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable, and its vapors are flammable and explosive.
● If you have any question about properly
doing this procedure, consult your
Yamaha dealer.
65
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 66 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
●
●
●
●
●
Keep away from sparks, cigarettes,
flames, or other sources of ignition
when cleaning the fuel tank.
Remove the fuel tank from the boat before cleaning it. Work only outdoors in
an area with good ventilation.
Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
Reassemble the fuel tank carefully. Improper assembly can result in a fuel
leak, which could result in a fire or explosion hazard.
Dispose of old gasoline according to local regulations.
1.
2.
3.
external anodes periodically. Remove scales
from the surfaces of the anodes. Consult a
Yamaha dealer for replacement of external
anodes.
ECM00720
NOTICE
Do not paint anodes, as this would render
them ineffective.
Empty the fuel tank into an approved
container.
Pour a small amount of suitable solvent
into the tank. Install the cap and shake
the tank. Drain the solvent completely.
Remove the screws holding the fuel joint
assembly. Pull the assembly out of the
tank.
ZMU02820
ZMU04178
TIP:
ZMU02324
4.
5.
Clean the filter (located on the end of the
suction pipe) in a suitable cleaning solvent. Allow the filter to dry.
Replace the gasket with a new one. Reinstall the fuel joint assembly and tighten
the screws firmly.
EMU29313
Inspecting and replacing anode(s)
Yamaha outboard motors are protected from
corrosion by sacrificial anodes. Inspect the
66
Inspect ground leads attached to external
anodes on equipped models. Consult a
Yamaha dealer for inspection and replacement of internal anodes attached to the power unit.
EMU29323
Checking battery (for electric start
models)
EWM01902
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous and
caustic, and batteries generate explosive
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 67 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
hydrogen gas. When working near the
battery:
● Wear protective eye gear and rubber
gloves.
● Do not smoke or bring any other source
of ignition near the battery.
The procedure for checking the battery varies for different batteries. This procedure
contains typical checks that apply to many
batteries, but you should always refer to the
battery manufacturer’s instructions.
ECM01920
NOTICE
A poorly maintained battery will quickly
deteriorate.
1.
Check the electrolyte level.
EMU29334
Connecting the battery
EWM00572
WARNING
Mount the battery holder securely in a
dry, well-ventilated, vibration-free location in the boat. Install a fully charged battery in the holder.
ECM01124
NOTICE
Do not reverse the battery cables. Otherwise, the electrical parts could be damaged.
1.
Make sure the main switch (on applicable models) is “
” (off) before working
on the battery.
Connect the red battery cable to the
POSITIVE (+) terminal first. Then connect the black battery cable to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal.
2.
1
2
3
2.
3.
Check the battery’s charge. If your boat
is equipped with the digital speedometer, the voltmeter and low battery alert
functions will help you monitor the battery’s charge. If the battery needs charging, consult your Yamaha dealer.
Check the battery connections. They
should be clean, secure, and covered by
an insulating cover. WARNING! Bad
connections can produce shorting or
arcing and cause an explosion.
[EWM01912]
ZMU01811
1. Red cable
2. Black cable
3. Battery
3.
The electrical contacts of the battery and
cables must be clean and properly connected, or the battery will not start the
engine.
EMU29371
Disconnecting the battery
1.
Turn off the battery cut-off switch (if
67
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 68 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Maintenance
2.
equipped) and main switch. NOTICE: If
they are left on, the electrical system
can be damaged. [ECM01930]
Disconnect the negative cable(s) from
the negative (-) terminal. NOTICE: Always disconnect all negative (-) cables first to avoid a short circuit and
damage to the electrical system.
[ECM01940]
3.
4.
68
Disconnect the positive cable(s) and remove the battery from the boat.
Clean, maintain, and store the battery
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 69 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
EMU29427
Troubleshooting
A problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting, loss of
power, or other problems. This section describes basic checks and possible remedies,
and covers all Yamaha outboard motors.
Therefore some items may not apply to your
model.
If your outboard motor requires repair, bring
it to your Yamaha dealer.
If the engine trouble-alert indicator is flashing, consult your Yamaha dealer.
Starter will not operate.
Q. Is battery capacity weak or low?
A. Check battery condition. Use battery of
recommended capacity.
Q. Are battery connections loose or corroded?
A. Tighten battery cables and clean battery
terminals.
Q. Is fuse for electric start relay or electric circuit blown?
A. Check for cause of electric overload and
repair. Replace fuse with one of correct amperage.
Q. Are starter components faulty?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is shift lever in gear?
A. Shift to neutral.
Engine will not start (starter operates).
Q. Is fuel tank empty?
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Q. Is fuel filter clogged?
A. Clean or replace filter.
Q. Is starting procedure incorrect?
A. See page 36.
Q. Has fuel pump malfunctioned?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are spark plug(s) fouled or of incorrect
type?
A. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or replace
with recommended type.
Q. Are spark plug cap(s) fitted incorrectly?
A. Check and re-fit cap(s).
Q. Is ignition wiring damaged or poorly connected?
A. Check wires for wear or breaks. Tighten
all loose connections. Replace worn or broken wires.
Q. Are ignition parts faulty?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is engine shut-off cord (lanyard) not attached?
A. Attach cord.
Q. Are engine inner parts damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Engine idles irregularly or stalls.
Q. Are spark plug(s) fouled or of incorrect
type?
A. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or replace
with recommended type.
Q. Is fuel contaminated or stale?
69
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 70 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
Q. Is fuel system obstructed?
A. Check for pinched or kinked fuel line or
other obstructions in fuel system.
Q. Is fuel contaminated or stale?
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Q. Is fuel filter clogged?
A. Clean or replace filter.
Q. Have ignition parts failed?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Has alert system activated?
A. Find and correct cause of alert.
Q. Is spark plug gap incorrect?
A. Inspect and adjust as specified.
Q. Is ignition wiring damaged or poorly connected?
A. Check wires for wear or breaks. Tighten
all loose connections. Replace worn or broken wires.
A. Return to home position.
Q. Is motor angle too high?
A. Return to normal operating position.
Q. Is carburetor clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is fuel joint connection incorrect?
A. Connect correctly.
Q. Is throttle valve adjustment incorrect?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is battery cable disconnected?
A. Connect securely.
Alert buzzer sounds or indicator lights.
Q. Is cooling system clogged?
A. Check water intake for restriction.
Q. Is engine oil level low?
A. Fill oil tank with specified engine oil.
Q. Is specified engine oil not being used?
A. Check and replace oil as specified.
Q. Is heat range of spark plug incorrect?
A. Inspect spark plug and replace it with recommended type.
Q. Is thermostat faulty or clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is specified engine oil not being used?
A. Check and replace oil with specified type.
Q. Are carburetor adjustments incorrect?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is engine oil contaminated or deteriorated?
A. Replace oil with fresh, specified type.
Q. Is fuel pump damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is air vent screw on fuel tank closed?
A. Open air vent screw.
Q. Is choke knob pulled out?
70
Q. Is oil filter clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Has oil feed/injection pump malfunctioned?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 71 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
Q. Is load on boat improperly distributed?
A. Distribute load to place boat on an even
plane.
on gear housing?
A. Remove foreign matter and clean lower
unit.
Q. Is water pump or thermostat faulty?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is fuel system obstructed?
A. Check for pinched or kinked fuel line or
other obstructions in fuel system.
Q. Is there excess water in fuel filter cup?
A. Drain filter cup.
Q. Is fuel filter clogged?
A. Clean or replace filter.
Engine power loss.
Q. Is propeller damaged?
A. Have propeller repaired or replaced.
Q. Is fuel contaminated or stale?
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Q. Is propeller pitch or diameter incorrect?
A. Install correct propeller to operate outboard at its recommended speed (r/min)
range.
Q. Is trim angle incorrect?
A. Adjust trim angle to achieve most efficient
operation.
Q. Is motor mounted at incorrect height on
transom?
A. Have motor adjusted to proper transom
height.
Q. Is spark plug gap incorrect?
A. Inspect and adjust as specified.
Q. Is ignition wiring damaged or poorly connected?
A. Check wires for wear or breaks. Tighten
all loose connections. Replace worn or broken wires.
Q. Have electrical parts failed?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is specified fuel not being used?
A. Replace fuel with specified type.
Q. Has alert system activated?
A. Find and correct cause of alert.
Q. Is specified engine oil not being used?
A. Check and replace oil with specified type.
Q. Is boat bottom fouled with marine growth?
A. Clean boat bottom.
Q. Is thermostat faulty or clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are spark plug(s) fouled or of incorrect
type?
A. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or replace
with recommended type.
Q. Is air vent screw closed?
A. Open the air vent screw.
Q. Is fuel pump damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are weeds or other foreign matter tangled
71
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 72 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
Q. Is fuel joint connection incorrect?
A. Connect correctly.
Q. Is heat range of spark plug incorrect?
A. Inspect spark plug and replace it with recommended type.
trailering. Damage could make the outboard motor unsafe to operate.
If the outboard motor hits an object in the water, follow the procedure below.
Q. Is high pressure fuel pump drive belt broken?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is engine not responding properly to shift
lever position?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Engine vibrates excessively.
Q. Is propeller damaged?
A. Have propeller repaired or replaced.
Q. Is propeller shaft damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are weeds or other foreign matter tangled
on propeller?
A. Remove and clean propeller.
Q. Is motor mounting bolt loose?
A. Tighten bolt.
Q. Is steering pivot loose or damaged?
A. Tighten or have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
EMU29433
Temporary action in
emergency
EMU29441
Impact damage
EWM00870
WARNING
The outboard motor can be seriously
damaged by a collision while operating or
72
1.
2.
3.
4.
Stop the engine immediately.
Check the control system and all components for damage. Also, check the boat
for damage.
Whether damage is found or not, return
to the nearest harbor slowly and carefully.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the outboard motor before operating it again.
EMU29481
Replacing fuse
If the fuse has blown on an electric start model, remove the electrical cover, open the fuse
holder, and replace the fuse with a new one
of the proper amperage.
EWM00631
WARNING
Substituting an incorrect fuse or a piece
of wire could allow excessive current
flow. This could cause electric system
damage and a fire hazard.
Consult your Yamaha dealer if the new fuse
immediately blows again.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 73 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
gency starter rope.
EWM01022
WARNING
●
●
1
2
ZMU03081
1. Fuse (10 A)
2. Spare fuse (10 A)
EMU29512
Power trim and tilt will not operate
If the engine cannot be tilted up or down with
the power trim and tilt because of a discharged battery or a failure with the power
trim and tilt unit , the engine can be tilted
manually.
1. Loosen the manual valve screw by turning it clockwise until it stops.
●
●
●
●
1
ZMU02816
●
1. Manual valve screw
2.
Put the engine in the desired position,
then tighten the manual valve screw by
turning it counterclockwise.
EMU29533
Starter will not operate
If the starter mechanism does not operate
(the engine cannot be cranked with the starter), the engine can be started with an emer-
●
Use this procedure only in an emergency to return to the nearest port for repairs.
When the emergency starter rope is
used to start the engine, the start-ingear protection device does not operate. Make sure the remote control lever
is in neutral. Otherwise the boat could
unexpectedly start to move, which
could result in an accident.
Attach the engine shut-off cord to a secure place on your clothing, or your
arm or leg while operating the boat.
Do not attach the cord to clothing that
could tear loose. Do not route the cord
where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the cord during normal operation. Loss of engine
power means the loss of most steering
control. Also, without engine power,
the boat could slow rapidly. This could
cause people and objects in the boat to
be thrown forward.
Make sure no one is standing behind
you when pulling the starter rope. It
could whip behind you and injure
someone.
An unguarded, rotating flywheel is very
dangerous. Keep loose clothing and
other objects away when starting the
engine. Use the emergency starter rope
only as instructed. Do not touch the flywheel or other moving parts when the
engine is running. Do not install the
starter mechanism or top cowling after
the engine is running.
Do not touch the ignition coil, spark
73
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 74 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
plug wire, spark plug cap, or other electrical components when starting or operating the motor. You could get an
electrical shock.
EMU29562
Emergency starting engine
1.
2.
Remove the top cowling.
Remove the start-in-gear protection cable from the starter, if equipped.
ZMU02026
1
ZMU03082
ZMU02334
1. Start-in-gear protection cable
3.
ON
Remove the starter/flywheel cover after
removing the bolt(s).
OFF
ZMU01880
5.
ZMU03083
4.
74
Prepare the engine for starting. For further information, see page 36. Be sure
the engine is in neutral and that the clip
is attached to the engine shut-off switch.
The main switch must be “ ” (on), if
equipped.
If equipped the choke knob, pull out it
when the engine is cold. After the engine
starts, gradually return the choke knob
to its home position as the engine warms
up.
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 75 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
Trouble Recovery
ZMU03084
6.
7.
Insert the knotted end of the emergency
starter rope into the notch in the flywheel
rotor and wind the rope several turns
around the flywheel clockwise.
Give a strong pull straight out to crank
and start the engine. Repeat if necessary.
ZMU03085
EMU33501
Treatment of submerged motor
If the outboard motor is submerged, immediately take it to a Yamaha dealer. Otherwise
some corrosion may begin almost immediately. NOTICE: Do not attempt to run the
outboard motor until it has been completely inspected. [ECM00401]
75
66T-9-2C-1E0.book 1 ページ 2010年2月10日 水曜日 午前10時18分
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
Printed in Japan
March 2010–0.3  1 !
Printed on recycled paper