Liebert APM UPS
Modular & Scalable Digital UPS with integrated Power Distribution Unit
User & Installation Manual
Version
Revision date
BOM
V1.0
January 04, 2010
31012118
Emerson Network Power provides customers with technical support. Users may contact the nearest
Emerson local sales office or service center.
Copyright © 2009 by Emerson Network Power Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved. The contents in this document are subject to change without notice.
Emerson Network Power Co., Ltd.
Address: No.1 Kefa Rd., Science & Industry Park, Nanshan District 518057, Shenzhen China
Homepage: www.emersonnetworkpower.com.cn
E-mail: support@emersonnetwork.com.cn
Safety Precautions
This manual contains information concerning the installation and operation of this Liebert APM modular UPS
This manual must be read prior to installation.
The UPS must be commissioned and serviced by engineers approved by the manufacturer (or its agent). Failure
to do so could result in personnel safety risk, equipment malfunction and invalidation of warranty.
The UPS has been designed for commercial or industrial use only, and is not for use in any life support
application.
This is a Class A UPS product. In a residential environment, this product may nevertheless cause radio
interference, in which case, the user may be required to take additional measures.
Conformity and standards
This equipment complies with CE directives 73/23 & 93/68 (low votlage safety) and 89/336 (EMC), with Australia and New
Zealand EMC Framework (C-Tick), and with the following product standards for UPS:
IEC62040-1-1 — General and safety requirements for use in operator access area
z
IEC62040-2 — EMC, Class C3
z
IEC62040-3 — Performance requirements and test methods
z
Please refer to Chapter 6 for more details
Continued compliance requires installation in accordance with these instructions and the use of manufacturer approved
accessories only.
Warning: high leakage current
Earth connection is essential before connecting the input supply (including the AC mains and battery). This equipment must
be earthed in accordance with local electrical codes.
Earth leakage current exceeds 3.5mA and is less than 1000mA.
Transient and steady state earth leakage currents, which may occur when the equipment is started, should be taken into
account when selecting instantaneous residual current circuit breaker (RCCB) or residual current detector (RCD) devices.
RCCBs must be selected insensitive to DC unidirectional pulses (Class A) and transient current pulses.
Note also that the earth leakage currents of the load will be carried by this RCCB or RCD.
Warning: backfeed protection
This UPS is fitted with a voltage-free contact closure signal for use with an external automatic disconnect device (supplied by
others) to protect against back-feeding voltage into the static bypass input. If this signal is not used by the installer, a label
must be added at the external bypass input disconnect device to warn service personnel that the circuit is connected to a
UPS.
The text to use is the following or equivalent: Isolate the UPS before working on this circuit.
User-serviceable parts
All equipment maintenance and servicing procedures involving internal access requires the use of a tool and should be
carried out only by trained personnel. There are no user-serviceable parts behind covers requiring a tool for removal.
This UPS is fully compliant with safety regulations for equipment located in an operator accessible area. Hazardous voltage
is present within the UPS but out of reach of non-service personnel. Contact with hazardous voltage is minimized with live
parts housed behind safety panels that require a tool for their removal. No risk exists to any personnel when operating the
equipment in the normal manner, following the recommended operating procedures.
Battery voltage exceeds 400Vdc
All physical battery maintenance and servicing requires the use of a tool or a key and should be carried out only by trained
personnel.
Special care should be taken when working with the batteries. When connected together, the battery terminal voltage will
exceed 400Vdc and is potentially lethal.
Battery manufacturers supply details of the necessary precautions to be observed when working on, or in the vicinity of, a
large bank of battery cells. These precautions should be followed implicitly at all times. Attention should be paid to the
recommendations concerning local environmental conditions and the provision of protective clothing, first aid and fire-fighting
facilities.
Warning
The area around the cover of the monitoring board is a static sensitive area, please make anti-static processing when in
contact with this area.
Contents
Chapter 1 Installation .......................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Preliminary Checks ............................................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Location ................................................................................................................................................................ 1
1.3.1 Power Distribution Room ........................................................................................................................... 1
1.3.2 Battery Room............................................................................................................................................. 2
1.3.3 Storage ...................................................................................................................................................... 2
1.4 Positioning ............................................................................................................................................................ 2
1.4.1 UPS Composition ...................................................................................................................................... 3
1.4.2 Moving The Cabinet .................................................................................................................................. 3
1.4.3 Clearances ................................................................................................................................................ 4
1.4.4 Front Access And Rear Access ................................................................................................................. 4
1.4.5 Final Positioning ........................................................................................................................................ 4
1.4.6 Installing Power Modules And Output Distribution Modules (Optional)...................................................... 4
1.4.7 Cable Entry................................................................................................................................................ 5
1.5 Protective Devices ................................................................................................................................................ 5
1.5.1 Rectifier and Bypass Input......................................................................................................................... 5
1.5.2 Battery ....................................................................................................................................................... 6
1.5.3 UPS Output ............................................................................................................................................... 6
1.6 Power Cables ....................................................................................................................................................... 6
1.6.1 Maximum Steady State AC And DC Currents ........................................................................................... 6
1.6.2 Distance From Floor To Connection Point On The Equipment.................................................................. 7
1.6.3 Cable Connection ...................................................................................................................................... 7
1.6.4 Battery Cabinet.......................................................................................................................................... 8
1.7 Control Cables And Communication Cables ......................................................................................................... 9
1.7.1 Input Dry Contact Port ............................................................................................................................. 10
1.7.2 BCB Port.................................................................................................................................................. 11
1.7.3 Maintenance Bypass Switch And Output Switch State Port .................................................................... 11
1.7.4 Output Dry Contact Port .......................................................................................................................... 12
1.7.5 Remote EPO Input Port ........................................................................................................................... 12
1.7.6 RS232 Port And SNMP Card Port ........................................................................................................... 13
1.8 Installation Drawing............................................................................................................................................. 13
Chapter 2 Operation.......................................................................................................................................................... 16
2.1 Brief Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 16
2.1.1 Operating Theory..................................................................................................................................... 16
2.1.2 Static Switch ............................................................................................................................................ 16
2.2 Operation Mode .................................................................................................................................................. 17
2.2.1 Normal Mode ........................................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.2 Battery Mode ........................................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.3 Automatic Restart Mode .......................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.4 Bypass Mode........................................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.5 Maintenance Bypass Mode ..................................................................................................................... 18
2.2.6 ECO Mode............................................................................................................................................... 18
2.2.7 Frequency Converter Mode ..................................................................................................................... 18
2.3 Battery Management........................................................................................................................................... 18
2.3.1 Normal Function ...................................................................................................................................... 18
2.3.2 Advanced Function——Battery Self-Test And Self-Service..................................................................... 19
2.4 Battery Protection ............................................................................................................................................... 19
Chapter 3 Operating Procedures ...................................................................................................................................... 20
3.1 Power Switches .................................................................................................................................................. 20
3.2 UPS Start-Up Procedures ................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2.1 Start-Up Procedures (Into Normal Mode) ................................................................................................ 21
3.2.2 Start-Up Procedures (Into Battery Mode) ................................................................................................ 21
3.3 Procedures Of Transfer Between Operation Modes ........................................................................................... 22
3.3.1 Tansfer From Normal Mode To Battery Mode ......................................................................................... 22
3.3.2 Tansfer From Normal Mode To Bypass Mode......................................................................................... 22
3.3.3 Tansfer From Bypass Mode To Normal Mode......................................................................................... 22
3.3.4 Transfer From Normal Mode To Maintenance Bypass Mode .................................................................. 22
3.4 Powering Down The UPS ................................................................................................................................... 23
3.5 Emergency Shutdown Procedures...................................................................................................................... 23
3.6 UPS Reset Procedures....................................................................................................................................... 23
3.7 Selecting Language ............................................................................................................................................ 23
3.8 Changing The Current Date And Time................................................................................................................ 24
3.9 Command Password........................................................................................................................................... 24
Chapter 4 Operator Control And Display Panel................................................................................................................. 25
4.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................... 25
4.1.1 LED Indicators ......................................................................................................................................... 26
4.1.2 Audible Alarm (Buzzer)............................................................................................................................ 26
4.1.3 Control Keys ............................................................................................................................................ 26
4.1.4 LCD And Menu Keys ............................................................................................................................... 27
4.2 LCD Screen Types.............................................................................................................................................. 27
4.2.1 Start Screen............................................................................................................................................. 27
4.2.2 Primary Screen........................................................................................................................................ 28
4.2.3 Default Screen......................................................................................................................................... 29
4.3 Detailed Description Of Menu Items ................................................................................................................... 29
4.4 Prompt Windows................................................................................................................................................. 31
4.5 Alarm List ............................................................................................................................................................ 32
Chapter 5 Service ............................................................................................................................................................. 35
5.1 Service Procedures Of Power Module, Bypass Module And Output Distribution Module ................................... 35
5.1.1 Notes ....................................................................................................................................................... 35
5.1.2 Power Module Service Procedures ......................................................................................................... 35
5.1.3 Power Module Service Procedures ......................................................................................................... 35
5.1.4 Output Distribution Module Service Procedures ...................................................................................... 36
5.2 Replacement Procedures Of Air Filter ................................................................................................................ 36
Chapter 6 Specifications ................................................................................................................................................... 37
6.1 Conformity And Standards .................................................................................................................................. 37
6.2 Environmental Characteristics ............................................................................................................................ 37
6.3 Mechanical Characteristics ................................................................................................................................. 37
6.4 Electrical Characteristics (Input Rectifier) ........................................................................................................... 38
6.5 Electrical Characteristics (Intermediate DC Circuit) ............................................................................................ 38
6.6 Electrical Characteristics (Inverter Output) ......................................................................................................... 39
6.7 Electrical Characteristics (Bypass Mains Input) .................................................................................................. 40
6.8 Efficiency, Heat Losses And Air Exchange ......................................................................................................... 40
Appendix 1 BCB Model Selection And Connection ........................................................................................................... 41
Chapter 1 Installation
1
Chapter 1 Installation
This chapter introduces the installation of Liebert APM modular UPS, including preliminary checks, location,
positioning, cable connection and installation drawings.
1.1 Introduction
This chapter describes the requirements that must be taken into account when planning the positioning and cabling of
the UPS.
This chapter is a guide to general procedures and practices that should be observed by the installing engineer. The
particular conditions of each site will determine the applicability of such procedures.
Warning: professional installation required
1. Do not apply electrical power to the UPS equipment before being authorised to do so by the commissioning engineer.
2. The UPS shall be installed by a qualified engineer in accordance with the information contained in this manual. All the
equipment not referred to in this manual is shipped with details of its own mechanical and electrical installation information.
Note: 3-phase, 5-wire input supply required
The standard UPS is suitable for connection to 3-phase, 5-wire (A, B, C, N, PE) TN, TT and IT AC power distribution systems
(IEC60364-3).
Warning: battery hazards
Special care should be taken when working with the batteries. When connected together, the battery terminal voltage will exceed
400Vdc and is potentially lethal.
Eye protection should be worn to prevent injury from accidental electrical arcs.
z
Remove rings, watches and all other metal objects.
z
Use only tools with insulated handles.
z
Wear rubber gloves.
z
If a battery leaks electrolyte or is otherwise physically damaged, it must be replaced, stored in a container resistant to
z
sulfuric acid and disposed of in accordance with local regulations.
If electrolyte comes into contact with the skin, the affected area should be washed immediately with water.
z
1.2 Preliminary Checks
Before installing the UPS, please carry out the following preliminary checks:
1. Visually examine the UPS rack for any transit damage, both internally and externally. Report any damage to the
shipper immediately.
2. Verify that the correct UPS is being installed. The UPS has an identification tag on the back of the front door
reporting the model, capacity and main parameters of the UPS.
1.3 Location
1.3.1 Power Distribution Room
The UPS is intended for indoor installation and should be located in an environment with clean air and with adequate
ventilation to keep the ambient temperature within the specified operating range.
The UPS is air-cooled with the aid of internal fans. Cold air enters the UPS through the ventilation grilles at the front
of the cabinet and hot air is released through the grilles at the back. Do not cover the ventilation openings.
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If necessary, install a system of room extractor fans to avoid room temperature build-up. Optional air filters are
available if the UPS is to operate in a dusty environment.
Note: The UPS is suitable for mounting on concrete or other non-combustible surface only.
1.3.2 Battery Room
The batteries will generate small amount of hydrogen and oxygen at the end of battery charge. Therefore, make sure
that the new air ventilation amount in the battery room meets the EN50272-2001 requirement.
Batteries should be mounted in an environment where the temperature is consistent and even over the whole battery.
Temperature is a major factor in determining the battery life and capacity. Typical battery manufacturer performance
data are quoted for an operating temperature of 20°C. Operating above 20°C will reduce the battery life while
operation below 20°C will reduce the battery capacity. Provided that the average battery operating temperature
increases from 20°C to 30°C, the battery life will be reduced by 50%; provided that the average battery operating
temperature is above 40°C, the battery life will be reduced by an exponential multiple. In a normal installation the
battery temperature is maintained between 15°C and 25°C. Keep batteries away from main heat sources and main
air inlets.
When using external batteries, the battery protection device (e.g., fuses or circuit breakers) must be mounted as
close as possible to the batteries and connecting cables should be as short as possible.
1.3.3 Storage
Should the UPS not be installed immediately, it must be stored in a room for protection against excessive humidity
and heat sources. The batteries should be stored in a dry, cool environment with adequate ventilation, at temperature
ranging from 20°C to 25°C at best.
Warning: During storage, periodically charge the battery according to the battery user manuals. In charging process,
temporarily connect the UPS to mains and activate it for the time required for recharging the batteries.
1.4 Positioning
Jacking feet are provided at the bottom of the UPS cabinet to prevent the UPS from moving once it has been placed
to its final position. For optimal design life, the place chosen must offer:
z easy connection
z enough space to easily work on the UPS
z sufficient air exchange to dispel heat produced by UPS
z protection against atmospheric agents
z protection against excessive humidity and high heat sources
z protection against dust
z compliance with the current fire prevention requirements
z For VRLA (Valve Regulated Lead Acid) batteries the operating environment temperature is kept between 20°C
and 25°C. VRLA batteries are at maximum efficiency in this temperature range (see Table 6-2)
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1.4.1 UPS Composition
The UPS structure is shown in Figure 1-1. The UPS configuration is provided in Table 1-1.
SPM monitoring module
Output distribution modules
Output distribution modules
Switch unit
Bypass module
Power modules
Figure 1-1
Libert APM Internal General Arrangement Drawing (Front View)
Table 1-1
UPS configuration list
Component
Quantity (pcs)
Remark
SPM Brach Circuit monitoring
module
1
Optional, installed at site
Output Power distribution module
0~3
Optional, installed at site
Switch unit
1
Static Bypass module
1
UPS Power module
1~5
Requisite, installed at site
1.4.2 Moving The Cabinet
Warning
1. Ensure that any equipment used to move the UPS cabinet has sufficient lifting capacity.
2. The UPS is fitted with casters. Take extra caution when unbolting the UPS from its shipping pallet. Ensure that adequate
personnel and lifting aids are available when removing the shipping pallet.
3. The cabinet can be pushed forward or backward only. Pushing it sideward is not allowed. When pushing the cabinet, take care
not to overturn it as the gravity center is high.
Ensure that the UPS weight is within the designated surface weight loading of any handling equipment.
The cabinet can be moved by means of a forklift or similar equipment. It can also be moved in short distances only by
using its casters.
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1.4.3 Clearances
The UPS has no ventilation grilles at either side; therefore, no clearance is required at either side.
To enable routine tightening of power terminations within the UPS, in addition to meeting any local regulations, it is
recommended to provide adequate clearance in the front and at the back of the cabinet for unimpeded passage of
personnel with the doors fully opened for accessing cable termination. Refer to Figure 1-15 for the positioning of the
cabinet. It is recommended to have at least 150mm of rear clearance for ventilation purposes.
1.4.4 Front Access And Rear Access
The component layout of the UPS supports front access and minimal rear access in UPS service, diagnosis and
repair, thus reducing the space requirement for side access.
1.4.5 Final Positioning
Warning
Casters are strong enough for movement across even surfaces only. Caster failure could occur in movement across uneven
surfaces.
When the UPS has been finally positioned, ensure the adjustable feet are set so that the UPS will remain stationary
and stable.
1.4.6 Installing Power Modules And Output Distribution Modules (Optional)
The installation positions of the power modules and output distribution modules are shown in Figure 1-1. Please
install the power modules and output distribution modules from bottom to top, so as to ensure cabinet’s stability.
Installation procedures of power modules
Refer to Figure 1-2, and use the following procedures to install the power module:
1. Use the DIP switch on the front panel of each Power module to set the module address. The setting range is from
1 to 5. The module address should be exclusive. The setting method is shown in Table 1-2.
Table 1-2
DIP switch setting method
Bit 1
Bit 2
Bit 3
Bit 4
Bit 5
Module address
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
2
1
1
0
0
0
3
0
0
1
0
0
4
1
0
1
0
0
5
2. Place the ready switch on the front panel of the module to the up position (i.e., in unready state).
3. Insert the module in the installation position, and push it into the cabinet.
4. Secure the module to the cabinet through the fixing holes on both sides of the front panel of the module.
5. Place the ready switch to the down position (i.e., in ready state).
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DIP switch
Fixing holes
Ready switch
A amplified view
Power module
A
Figure 1-2
Installing power module
Installation procedures of Optional output distribution modules
Use the following procedures of install the output distribution module:
1. Insert the module in the installation position, and push it into the cabinet.
2. Secure the module to the cabinet through the fixing holes on both sides of the front panel of the module.
1.4.7 Cable Entry
The Rack cabinet uses top cable entry or bottom cable entry, with cable entry punch-holes provided both at the
bottom and on the top of the cabinet..
1.5 Protective Devices
It is recommended to install circuit breakers or other protective devices in the AC supply, external to the UPS. This
section provides guidelines for qualified installers who must have knowledge of local wiring practices pertaining to the
equipment to be installed.
1.5.1 Rectifier and Bypass Input
Overcurrent
Overcurrent protection must be installed at the distribution panel of the incoming main supply. The protection must
discriminate with the power cable current capacity and with the overload capacity of the system (see Table 6-6 and
Table 6-7). As a guideline, a thermomagnetic circuit breaker, with an IEC60947-2 trip curve C (normal) for 125% of
the current listed in Table 1-3 is suitable.
Note
For IT power systems, four-pole protective devices must be used upstream of the input distribution panel, external to the UPS.
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Earth Leakage
Any residual current detector (RCD) installed upstream of the UPS input supply must:
z be sensitive to DC unidirectional pulses (Class A) in power distribution network
z be insensitive to transient current pulses
z have an average sensitivity, adjustable between 0.3 and 1A
Residual current circuit breaker (RCCB) must be sensitive to DC unidirectional pulses (Class A) in power distribution
network, and insensitive to transient current pulses, as respectively shown in Figure 1-3.
Figure 1-3
RCCB symbols
1.5.2 Battery
The battery system must be fitted with a battery circuit breaker (BCB) or Switch Fuse Unit for over-current protection
and isolating battery string during battery maintenance.
1.5.3 UPS Output
Liebert APM is fitted with an output isolator for disconnecting the UPS from the load. An optional internal output
distribution unit is available for load distribution. In the eventuality that an external distribution panel is used for load
distribution, the selection of protective devices must provide discrimination with those that are used at the input to the
UPS
1.6 Power Cables
The cable design must comply with the instructions provided in this section, follow local wiring practices, take the
environmental conditions into consideration, and refer to IEC60950-1 Table 3B.
Warning
Before cable connection, ensure that you are aware of the location and state of the breaker that connect the UPS input to the
mains distribution panel. Check that this breaker is off, and post any necessary warning sign to prevent inadvertent operation of
the breaker.
1.6.1 Maximum Steady State AC And DC Currents
Table 1-3
Maximum steady state AC and DC currents
Rated current (A)
UPS rating
(kVA)
Input mains current
1,2
with full battery
recharge
2
Output current at full load
Battery discharge current at end
of discharge (EOD)
380V
400V
415V
380V
400V
415V
150
280
265
255
225
215
205
525
120
224
212
204
180
172
164
420
90
168
159
153
135
129
123
315
60
112
106
102
90
86
82
210
30
56
53
51
45
43
41
105
Note:
1. Rectifier and bypass input mains current.
2. Non-linear loads (switch mode power supplies) affect the design of the output and bypass neutral cables. The current
circulating in the neutral cable may exceed the nominal phase current. A typical value is 1.732 times the rated current
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1.
Protective earth cable: Follow the most direct route possible to connect the earth cable to the cabinet. The earth
cable shall be sized in accordance with the AC supply fault rating, cable lengths and type of protection. Typical
2
cross sectional area (CSA) is 80mm (150kVA) according to AS / IEC60950-1.
2.
When sizing battery cables, a maximum volt drop of 4Vdc is permissible at the current ratings given in Table 1-3.
Do not form coils, so as to minimize the formation of electromagnetic interference.
3.
For terminal location, refer to Figure 1-16 and Figure 1-17.
Warning
Failure to follow adequate earthing procedures may result in electromagnetic interference or in hazards involving electric shock
and fire.
1.6.2 Distance From Floor To Connection Point On The Equipment
Table 1-4
Distance from floor to connection point on the equipmen
UPS connection point
Minimum distance (mm)
AC input supply
1087
UPS AC output
1156
Battery power
1087
1.6.3 Cable Connection
Important
The operations described in this section must be performed by authorised personnel. If you have any questions, please contact
the local customer service center of Emerson immediately.
Once the equipment has been finally positioned and secured, refer to Figure 1.8
the power cables as described in the following procedures.
Installation Drawing, and connect
1. Verify that the UPS equipment is isolated from its external power source and all the UPS power isolators are open.
Check that these supplies are electrically isolated and post any necessary warning signs to prevent their inadvertent
operation.
2. Open the rear door of the UPS cabinet and remove the protective cover to gain access to the input terminals,
battery terminals and earth terminals.
3. Connect the input earth cable to the input earth terminal.
Note: The earth cable connection must be in accordance with local and national codes of practice.
4. The UPS uses common bypass and rectifier input. Connect the AC input cables to the input terminals (U-V-W-N) of
the UPS and tighten the connections to 13Nm (M8 bolt). Ensure correct phase rotation.
5. Connect the battery cables between the battery terminals of the UPS and the battery circuit breaker (BCB). Ensure
correct battery cable polarities.
Warning–hazardous battery terminal voltage 400Vdc
Ensure correct polarity of string end connections to the BCB and from the BCB to the UPS terminals, i.e., positive to positive and
negative to negative, but disconnect one or more battery cell links in each tier. Do not reconnect these links or close the BCB
without permission of the commissioning engineer.
6. Connection of the load cables.
z In case output distribution modules are installed, please connect the output cables between the output terminals
of the output distribution modules and the loads, and connect the output earth cables to the output earth bars
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Chapter 1 Installation
at the rear of the UPS cabinet. Tighten the output neutral bar connections to 5Nm (M6 bolt). Ensure correct
phase rotation.
z In case output distribution modules are not installed, please connect the output cables between the output
terminals in the front of the UPS cabinet and the loads, and connect the output earth cable to the output earth
terminal at the rear of the UPS cabinet.
Warning
If the load equipment will not be ready to accept power on the arrival of the commissioning engineer, ensure that the system
output cables are safely isolated at their ends.
7. Replace the protective cover.
1.6.4 Optional Matching Battery Cabinet
The matching battery cabinet structure is shown below.
Figure 1-4 Battery Cabinet Outline Drawing
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Figure 1-5 Battery Cabinet Details
Figure 1-6 Battery Connection
1.7 Control And Communications
As shown in Figure 1-7, the bypass module provides dry contact ports (J5 ~ J10) and communication ports (RS232
port and SNMP card ports) on the front panel.
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J8 J5
J9
J6
J10 J7
Figure 1-7
RS232 port
SNMP card ports
Dry contact ports and communication ports
The UPS accepts external signalling from voltage-free (dry) contacts connected to push-in input dry contact terminal.
Subject to prior software programming, the signalling is accepted by the UPS when relevant terminals and the +12V
terminals are shorted. All control cables must be routed separately from the power cables, and must be double
2
2
insulated. A typical 0.5mm to 1.5mm CSA for maximum runs between 25m and 50m, respectively.
1.7.1 Input Dry Contact Port
The input dry contact ports J7 and J8 provide environmental, battery ground fault and generator contacts. The ports
are shown in Figure 1-8 and described in Table 1-5.
12V
Figure 1-8
Table 1-5
BAT-IN
+12V
BAT-OUT
GND
ENV
BtG
J8
+12V
J7
Input dry contact ports J7 and J8
Description of input dry contact ports J7 and J8
Position
Name
J7.1
ENV3
Description
J7.2
BtG1,2
J7.4
+12V
+12V power
J8.2
+12V
+12V power
J8.3
BAT_OUT
J8.4
GND
Battery room environment detection (normally closed)
On generater (normally open)
Battery temperature detection
Power GND
Note:
1. Must be configured by configuration software before becoming active.
2. When activated, the charger current can be limited, through software, to a percentage of the full charger current (0%-100%).
3. Activating this feature turns the battery charger off
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1.7.2 BCB Port
J6 is the battery circuit breaker (BCB) port. The port is shown in Figure 1-6 and described in Table 1-9.
12V
12V
12V
Figure 1-9
Table 1-6
Position
Name
J6.1
DRV
J6.2
FB
J6.3
GND
J6.4
OL
DRV
FB
GND
OL
J6
BCB port
BCB port description
Description
BCB driver signal – (reserved)
BCB contact state – (reserved)
Power GND
BCB on line – input (normally open): This pin will become active when the BCB port is connected
The connection between the BCB port and the BCB is shown in Figure 1-10.
OL
GND
FB
DRV
J10
Aux-N.O.
Aux-N.O.
BCB
电池开关
Figure 1-10
Connection between BCB port and BCB
1.7.3 Maintenance Bypass Switch And Output Switch State Port
J9 is the maintenance bypass switch and output switch state port. The port is shown in Figure 1-8 and described in
Table 1-7.
Figure 1-11
Table 1-7
Maintenance bypass switch and output switch state port
Description of maintenance bypass switch and output switch state port
Position
Name
J9.2
IN_S
J9.3
EXT_OUT
J9.4
GND
Description
Maintenance bypass switch state
Output switch state
Power GND
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1.7.4 Output Dry Contact Port
J5 is the output dry contact port, providing two relay output dry contact signals. The port is shown in Figure 1-12 and
described in Table 1-8.
Figure 1-12
Table 1-8
Position
BFP_O
BFP_S
BFP_C
J5
Output dry contact port
Description of output dry contact port
Name
Description
BFP_O
Bypass feedback protection relay (normally
silicon-controlled rectifier (SCR) is shorted
J5.3
BFP_S
Bypass feedback protection relay common
J5.4
BFP_C
Bypass feedback protection relay (normally closed), open when bypass SCR is shorted
J5.2
open),
closed
when
bypass
1.7.5 Remote EPO Input Port
The UPS has an Emergency Power Off (EPO) function that can be operated by pressing a button on the operator
control and display panel of the UPS or by a remote contact provided by the user. The EPO switch is under a hinged,
plastic shield.
J10 is the remote EPO input port. The port is shown in Figure 1-13 and described in Table 1-9.
+12V
Figure 1-13
Table 1-9
EPO NC
+12V
+12V
EPO NO
J10
Remote EPO input port
Description of remote EPO input port
Position
Name
Description
J10.1
EPO_NC
EPO activated when shorted to J10.2
J10.2
+12V
EPO activated when shorted to J10.1
J10.3
+12V
EPO activated when opened to J10.4
J10.4
EPO_NO
EPO activated when opened to J10.3
EPO is triggered when pins 3 and 4 of J10 are shorted or pins 2 and 1 of J10 are opened.
If an external EPO facility is required, pins 1 and 2 or 3 and 4 of J10 are reserved for this function. The external EPO
facility is also connected to the normally open or normally closed remote stop switch between these two terminals
using shielded cable. If this function is not used, pins 3 and 4 of J10 must be opened or pins 1 and 2 of J10 must be
shorted.
Note
1. The UPS EPO action shuts down the rectifiers, inverters and static bypass. But it does not internally disconnect the input power
supply. To disconnect all power to the UPS, open the upstream input breaker when EPO is activated.
2. Pins 1 and 2 of J10 are shorted as default setting of UPS.
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Installation
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1.7.6 Other Communication Interface
The RS232 port provides serial data and is intended for use by authorized commissioning and service personnel in
UPS commissioning and service.
Liebert APM UPS has facility of internally fitted SNMP and Modbus card options.
1.8 Installation Drawing
Earth
To user safety earth
QF1~QF18
PM150
QF1~QF18
Distribution
module output
QF1~QF18
Power cables
A
B
Bypass module
SNMP card
C
Mains/bypass input
N
PE
RS-485
Input
ENV
J7
EXT
J9
J5
BPS
BAT+
N
Battery input
BATAFC
J8
Transfer board
External EPO
J10
J6
BCB
Figure 1-14
UPS electrical connection diagram
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1126
1137
Chapter 1
1677
14
2000
971
Top view
600
Front view
Figure 1-15
UPS installation size (unit: mm)
SPM monitoring module
Output terminals
Output terminals
Output earth bars
(2 pcs respectively
on both sides)
Output neutral bars
(2 pcs respectively
on both sides)
Input earth terminal
Battery terminals
+
N
-
U
Input terminals
V
W
N
A
Output earth terminal
A amplified view
Figure 1-16
Rear view of UPS (door open) with output distribution modules
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Output terminals
A
N
C
B
A
A amplified view
Figure 1-17
Front view of UPS (door open) without output distribution modules
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Chapter 2
Operation
Chapter 2 Operation
This chapter introduces the basic knowledge of UPS operation, including the operating theory, operation mode,
battery management and battery protection of the UPS.
Warning: hazardous mains and battery voltage present behind covers
1. No user-serviceable parts are located behind covers that require a tool for their removal.
2. Only qualified service personnel are authorised to remove such covers.
2.1 Brief Introduction
The UPS provides continuous, high-quality AC power to your critical equipment, such as telecommunications and
data processing equipment. The UPS supplies power that is free of the disturbances and variations in voltage and
frequency common to mains power, which is subject to brownouts, blackouts, surges and sags.
The UPS uses the latest in high frequency, double-conversion pulse width modulation (PWM) technology and fully
digital control (DSP) technology to enhance its reliability and increase the ease of use.
2.1.1 Operating Theory
As shown in Figure 2-1, the AC mains source is converted by the rectifiers into DC power. The inverters convert that
DC power from the rectifiers or the DC power from the batteries into AC power, and provide the AC power for the load
through the output distribution modules. The batteries power the load through the inverters in the event of a power
failure. When the inverters are faulty or turned off, the mains source can also power the load through the static
bypass.
If maintenance or repair of the UPS is necessary, the load can be transferred without power interruption to the
maintenance bypass.
QF1
Maintenance bypass switch Q2
Output distribution module 1
QF18
Rectifier
AC input 380V
Input switch
Q1
Inverter
Maximally five power modules
Rectifier
Inverter
Output
switch Q3
QF1
Output distribution module 2
QF18
Static switch
QF1
+
Battery input N
-
Output distribution module 3
QF18
Figure 2-1
System schematic diagram
2.1.2 Static Switch
The circuit block labeled static switch in Figure 2-1 contains an electronically controlled switching circuit that enables
the load to be connected to either the inverter output or to a bypass power source through the static bypass line.
During normal system operation, the load is connected to the inverters; but in the event of a UPS overload or inverter
failure, the load is automatically transferred to the static bypass line.
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Operation
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During normal operating conditions, the inverter output and bypass supply must be fully synchronized so as to
achieve a clean (no-break) load transfer between the inverter output and static bypass line. The synchronization
between the inverter output and static bypass is achieved through the inverter control electronics, which make the
inverter frequency track that of the static bypass supply, provided that the bypass remains within an acceptable
frequency window.
A manually controlled, maintenance bypass supply is incorporated into the UPS design. It enables the critical load to
be powered from the maintenance bypass supply while the UPS is shut down for routine maintenance and repair.
Note
When the UPS is operating in bypass mode or on maintenance bypass, the connected equipment is not protected from power
failures or surges and sags.
2.2 Operation Mode
The UPS is an on-line, double-conversion, reverse-transfer UPS that permits operation in these modes:
z Normal mode
z Battery mode
z Auto-restart mode
z Bypass mode
z Maintenance bypass mode (manual bypass)
z ECO mode
2.2.1 Normal Mode
The UPS rectifiers derive power from the AC mains input source and supply DC power to the inverters, which
continuously supply the AC load. Simultaneously, the charger, which derives power from the rectifiers, float or boost
charges the associated backup battery of the UPS.
2.2.2 Battery Mode
The UPS is operating in battery mode when the battery is supplying backup power to the load through the inverters.
Upon mains failure, the UPS automatically transfers to battery mode without power interruption to the load. Upon
restoration of the AC mains, the UPS automatically transfers back to normal mode without the necessity of user
intervention, without power interruption to the load.
Note: Battery start function is available for switching the UPS on into Battery (charged) mode directly during mains
failure. Thus, the battery power can be used independently to increase the UPS utility.
2.2.3 Automatic Restart Mode
The battery becomes exhausted following an extended AC mains failure. The inverters shut down when the battery
reaches the EOD voltage. The UPS can be programmed to automatic restart after EOD after a set variable delay time.
This mode and any delay time are programmed by the commissioning engineer.
During the delay time before automatic restart, the UPS charges the battery so as to avoid power interruption to load
in case of a following power failure.
In case the UPS is not programmed to automatic restart, you can use the FAULT CLEAR key to manually start the
UPS.
2.2.4 Bypass Mode
During normal mode operation, if the inverters fail, are overloaded or turned off, the static switch will perform a
transfer of the load from the inverters to the bypass source, with no interruption in power to the load. Should the
inverters be asynchronous with the bypass, the static switch will perform a transfer of the load from the inverters to
the bypass, with interruption in power to the load. This is to avoid paralleling of unsynchronized AC sources. This
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Chapter 2
Operation
interruption is programmable but typically set to be less than 3/4 of an electrical cycle, for example, less than 15ms
(50Hz) or less than 12.5ms (60Hz).
2.2.5 Maintenance Bypass Mode
If UPS maintenance or repaired is needed, you may use the manual maintenance bypass switch to transfer to the
load to the maintenance bypass, with no interruption in power to the load.
Warning: risk after load transfer to maintenance bypass
After the UPS is transferred to maintenance bypass, the power modules and bypass module are inoperative and the LCD has no
display, only the green indicator of the input surege protective device (SPD) shows the UPS has mains input, but the output
terminals corresponding to closed output distribution switches and the neutral bars are energized.
2.2.6 ECO Mode
IF economical (ECO) mode is selected, the double-conversion UPS operation is inhibited at most times for the
purpose of saving energy. In this mode of operation, the bypass is the preferred source, and only when the voltage
and frequency of the bypass supply are outside specifications will the load be transferred to the inverters. This
transfer takes place with an interruption of less than 3/4 of an electrical cycle, for example, less than 15ms (50Hz) or
less than 12.5ms (60Hz).
2.3 Battery Management
2.3.1 Normal Function
The following functions are configured by the commissioning engineer through dedicated configuration software.
1. Constant current boost charge
The charge current can be set.
2. Constant voltage boost charge
The boost charge voltage can be set as required by the type of battery.
For valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) batteries, the maximum boost charge voltage should not exceed 2.4V/cell.
3. Float charge
The float charge voltage can be set as required by the type of battery.
For VRLA batteries, the float charge voltage should be between 2.2V and 2.3V.
4. Float charge temperature compensation (optional)
The temperature compensation coefficient can be as required by the type of battery.
5. EOD protection
When the battery voltage drops to the EOD voltage, the battery converter will shut down automatically and the battery
is isolated to avoid further battery discharge. The EOD voltage is settable from 1.6V/cell to 1.75V/cell (VRLA) or
0.9V/cell to 1.1V/cell (NiCd).
6. Battery low warning time
The setting range is between 3 minutes and 60 minutes. The default setting is 5 minutes.
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2.3.2 Advanced Function——Battery Self-Test And Self-Service
At periodic intervals 20% of the rated capacity of the battery will be discharged automatically. The minimum amount of
load must exceed 20% of the nominal rating of the UPS. If the load is less than 20%, auto-discharge cannot be
executed. The periodic interval can be set from 30 days to 360 days. The periodic testing can also be inhibited.
Conditions: Battery float charge for at least 5 hours, load 20% ~ 100% of rated UPS capacity.
Trigger: Manually through the Battery maintenance test command on LCD, or automatically.
Battery self-test interval: 30 days ~ 360 days (default setting: 60 days).
2.4 Battery Protection
The following functions are configured by the commissioning engineer through dedicated configuration software.
Battery low warning
The battery low warning occurs before the EOD. After this warning, the battery should have the capacity for 3
remaining minutes discharging at full load. The time is settable from 3 minutes to 60 minutes.
Battery EOD protection
If the battery voltage is lower than the EOD voltage, the battery converter will shut down. The EOD voltage is settable
from 1.6V/cell to 1.75V/cell (VRLA) or 0.9V/cell to 1.1V/cell (NiCd).
Battery circuit breaker (BCB) open warning
This warning occurs when the BCB opens. The battery is connected to the UPS through the BCB, which is manually
closed and electronically tripped by the UPS control circuits.
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Chapter 3
Operating Procedures
Chapter 3 Operating Procedures
This chapter provides detailed operating procedures of the UPS.
All control keys and LED indication mentioned in these procedures are identified in Chapter 4 Operator Control And
Display Panel. Audible alarm may sound at various points during these procedures. It can be canceled at any time by
pressing the SILENCE ON/OFF key.
Warning: hazardous mains and battery voltage present behind covers
1. No user-serviceable parts are located behind covers that require a tool for their removal.
2. Only qualified service personnel are authorised to remove such covers.
3.1 Power Switches
As shown in Figure 3-1, opening the UPS front door reveals the power switches, including the input switch, output
switch, maintenance bypass switch (locked) and output distribution switches.
Output distribution switches
Input switch
Output distribution switches
Output switch
Maintenance bypass
switch (locked)
Figure 3-1
Positions of power switches
3.2 UPS Start-Up Procedures
Before startup, the UPS must be fully installed and commissioned, and the external input breaker must be closed.
Once those general conditions are met, the UPS may be started.
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Operating Procedures
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3.2.1 Start-Up Procedures (Into Normal Mode)
Procedures are as follows for starting the UPS from a fully powered-down condition:
Warning
During these procedures the output terminals are live. If any load equipment is connected to the UPS output terminals, please
check with the load user and ascertain whether it is safe to apply power to the load. If the load is not ready to receive power, open
the corresponding output distribution switch.
1. Close the UPS output switch and input switch in turn.
At this point, the LCD displays the start screen. The rectifier indicator flashes green while the rectifiers are starting up.
It stops flashing and becomes solid green about 30 seconds after the rectifiers enter normal operation. After
initialization, the bypass static switch closes. The states of the indicators are shown in Table 3-1.
Table 3-1
Indicator state
Indicator
State
Rectifier indicator
Green
Battery indicator
Off
Bypass indicator
Green
Inverter indicator
Off
Load indicator
Green
Status indicator
Yellow
2. Press and hold the INVERTER ON key for two seconds.
Note
You must close the UPS output switch first, then close the input switch, and finally turn on the inverter. Otherwise, the inverter will
not start, and the UPS will generate Bypass STS fail alarm.
At this point, the inverter start and the inverter indicator flashes green. After the inverter enter normal operation, the
UPS transfers from the bypass to the inverters, the bypass indicator turns off and the inverter and load indicators turn
on.
The UPS begins to operate in normal mode, and the states of the indicators are as shown in Table 3-1.
Table 3-2
Indicator state
Indicator
State
Rectifier indicator
Green
Battery indicator
Off
Bypass indicator
Off
Inverter indicator
Green
Load indicator
Green
Status indicator
Green
3.2.2 Start-Up Procedures (Into Battery Mode)
1. Verify that the battery is properly connected.
2. Press the battery start button (see Figure 3-2) on the front panel of any power module.
At this point, the LCD displays the start screen, and the battery indicator flashes green. It stops flashing and becomes
solid green about 30 seconds after the rectifiers enter normal operation.
3. Press and hold the INVERTER ON key for two seconds, and the UPS operates in battery mode.
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Chapter 3
Operating Procedures
Battery start button
Figure 3-2
Location of battery start button
3.3 Procedures Of Transfer Between Operation Modes
3.3.1 Transfer From Normal Mode To Battery Mode
Open the input switch to cut off the mains input, and the UPS enters battery mode. To return to normal mode, wait a
few seconds and close the input switch to connect the mains power to the UPS. The rectifiers will restart
automatically after 10 seconds and resume feeding power to the inverters.
3.3.2 Transfer From Normal Mode To Bypass Mode
Press and hold the INVERTER OFF key for two seconds to transfer the UPS to bypass mode.
Note
In bypass mode, the load is being powered by the mains input and is not receiving conditioned power through the inverters.
3.3.3 Transfer From Bypass Mode To Normal Mode
In bypass mode, press and hold the INVERTER ON key for two seconds. When the inverters are ready, the UPS
transfers to normal mode.
3.3.4 Transfer From Normal Mode To Maintenance Bypass Mode
When the UPS is operating in normal mode, use the following procedures to transfer the load from the inverter output
to the maintenance bypass.
Caution
Before performing this operation, read the messages on the LCD to be sure that bypass supply is normal and the inverters are
synchronous with it. If these conditions are not present, there is a risk of a short interruption in powering the load.
1. Press and hold the INVERTER OFF key on the right side of the operator control and display panel for two seconds.
The inverter indicator turns off, the status indicator turns yellow and an audible alarm sounds. The load is transferred
to the static bypass and the inverters turn off.
Note
Pressing the SILENCE ON/OFF key cancels the audible alarm, but leaves the warning message displayed until the appropriate
condition is rectified.
2. Close the maintenance bypass switch. The load is now on maintenance bypass.
Warning
If a module needs repair, wait about 10 minutes for the internal DC bus capacitors to discharge before removing the faulty module.
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Operating Procedures
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3. Open the input switch and output switch.
Caution
1. The load is not protected from normal supply aberrations when the UPS is operating in maintenance bypass mode.
2. After the UPS is transferred to maintenance bypass, the power modules and bypass module are inoperative and the LCD has
no display, only the green indicator of the input surege protective device (SPD) shows the UPS has mains input, but the output
terminals corresponding to closed output distribution switches and the neutral bars are energized.
3.4 Powering Down The UPS
To power down the UPS completely, follow the procedures in 3.3.4 Transfer From Normal Mode To Maintenance
Bypass Mode to transfer the UPS from normal mode to maintenance bypass mode.
To completely isolate the UPS from the AC supplies, open the external power input isolator.
3.5 Emergency Shutdown Procedures
The Emergency Power Off (EPO) switch on the UPS operator control and display panel is designed to switch off the
UPS in emergency conditions, for example, fire, flood, and so on. The system will turn off the rectifiers, inverters and
stop powering the load immediately (including the inverters and bypass), and the battery stops charging or
discharging.
If the mains input is present, the UPS control circuit will remain active; however, the output will be turned off. To
remove all power from the UPS, the UPS input switch should be opened.
3.6 UPS Reset Procedures
After UPS shutdown due to an EPO action, inverter over temperature or overload, battery overvoltage, excessive
transfer, and so on, once all appropriate measures have been taken to correct the problem indicated by the alarm
message appearing on the LCD, carry out the following reset procedures to restore the UPS to normal operation
1. Press the FAULT CLEAR key to let the system exit the emergency off state.
2. Press and hold the INVERTER ON key for two seconds.
Note
1. The rectifiers will start again, and the bypass will begin to power the load. The Rectifier indicator flashes while the rectifiers are
starting up. When the rectifiers enter the normal operation state (about 30 seconds), the rectifier indicator turns solid green.
2. The rectifiers will turn on automatically when the overtemperature fault disappears five minutes after the disappearance of
overtemperature signals.
3. After the EPO switch is pressed, if the mains input is removed, the UPS will shut down completely. When the mains input
returns, the UPS will start up on bypass. There will be power at the output terminals of the UPS.
3.7 Selecting Display Language
The UPS provides two LCD languages for your selection: English. and Chinese
Carry out the following procedures to select the language:
1. From the Output menu, press the F3 or F4 (left or right) key as needed to select the Language menu.
2. Press the F5 (enter) key to move the cursor to the data window on the screen.
3. Use the F3 or F4 (up or down) key to select the required language.
4. Press the F5 (enter) key to accept the language selection.
5. Return to the Output menu by repeatedly pressing the F2 (ESC) key as needed; all text on the LCD will now be
displayed in the selected language.
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Operating Procedures
3.8 Changing The Current Date And Time
To change the system date and time, carry out the following procedures:
1. From the Output menu, press the F3 or F4 (left or right) key as needed to select the Settings menu.
2. Press the F5 (enter) key to move the cursor to the data window on the screen.
3. Use the F3 or F4 (up or down) key to select the Date & time option, then press the F5 (enter) key.
4. Move the cursor to the row in which the date and time are displayed, then press the F5 (enter) key.
5. Use the F3 or F4 (up or down) key to enter the current time and date information.
6. Press the F5 (enter) key to save the settings, then press the F2 (ESC) key to return to the Output menu.
3.9 Command Password
Password protection is used to limit the control functions accessible to the operator. The default password is ‘123456’.
This password provides access to UPS and battery test functions.
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Chapter 4
Operator Control And Display Panel
25
Chapter 4 Operator Control And Display Panel
This chapter expounds the functions and use of the components on the operator control and display panel of the UPS,
and provides LCD display information, including the LCD screen types, detailed menu messages, prompt windows
and UPS alarm list.
4.1 Introduction
The operator control and display panel is located on the front door of the UPS. It is the access point for operator
control and monitoring of all measured parameters, UPS and battery status, and alarms. The operator control and
display panel is divided into three functional areas: mimic power flow chart, LCD display with menu keys, control keys,
as shown in Figure 4-1.
Control keys
LCD display with menu keys
Mimic power flow chart
3
1
5
4
ADAPT PM150
12:30:36
EPO
2
INVERTER ON
INVERTER OFF
6
STATUS
FAULT CLEAR
SILENCE ON/OFF
按任意键返回主菜单
F2
F1
Figure 4-1
Table 4-1
Indicator No.
1
F3
F4
F5
Operator control and display panel
Description of operator control and display panel
Function
Control key
Function
Rectifier indicator
EPO
2
Battery indicator
INVERTER ON
Inverter start switch
3
Bypass indicator
INVERTER OFF
Inverter shutdown switch
4
Inverter indicator
FAULT CLEAR
Fault reset switch
5
Load indicator
SILENCE ON/OFF
Audible alarm silencing switch
6
Status indicator
F1 ~ F5
LCD menu keys
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Emergency power off (EPO) switch
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Chapter 4
Operator Control And Display Panel
4.1.1 LED Indicators
The LED indicators mounted on the mimic power flow chart represent the various power paths and current UPS
operational status. The indicators are described in Table 4-2.
Table 4-2
Indicator
Solid green
Rectifier indicator
Battery indicator
Bypass indicator
Inverter indicator
Load indicator
Status indicator
Indicator description
State
Description
Rectifiers in normal operation
Flashing green
Mains input normal, but rectifiers not operating
Solid red
Rectifiers failed
Off
Rectifiers not operating, mains input abnormal
Solid green
Load on battery
Flashing green
Battery EOD pre-warning
Solid red
Battery abnormal (failed, absent or polarity reversed) or battery converter abnormal
(failed, overcurrent or overtemperature)
Off
Battery nad battery converter normal, battery charging
Solid green
Load on bypass
Solid red
Bypass power abnormal or outside specifications, or static bypass switch fault
Off
Bypass normal
Solid green
Load on inverters
Flashing green
Inverters turning on, starting up, synchronizing, or standing by (ECO mode)
Solid red
Inverter fault
Off
Inverters not operating
Solid green
UPS output on and normal
Solid red
UPS output on and overloaded
Off
UP output off
Solid green
Normal operation
Solid yellow
Alarm (for example, AC input failure)
Solid red
Fault (for example, fuse or hardware fault)
4.1.2 Audible Alarm (Buzzer)
UPS activity is accompanied by the two kinds of sound listed in Table 4-3.
Table 4-3
Audible alarm description
Alarm sound
Meaning
Beep every other second
UPS alarm, for example, AC input failure
Continuous beep
UPS fault, for example, fuse or hardware fault
4.1.3 Control Keys
The operator control and display panel provides five control keys, as described in Table 4-4.
Table 4-4
Description of control keys
Control key
Description
Emergency power off (EPO) switch
Disconnects power to the load, disables rectifier, inverter, static bypass and battery
operation
Inverter start switch
Enables inverter operation
Inverter shutdown switch
Disables inverter operation
Fault reset switch
Restore UPS functions (subject to any fault being cleared)
Audible alarm silencing switch
When an alarm is active, pressing this key silences the audible alarm. Pressing this key
again enables the buzzer again
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Operator Control And Display Panel
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4.1.4 LCD And Menu Keys
The operator control and display panel provides an LCD and five menu keys (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5). The menu keys are
described in Table 4-5.
Key
Table 4-5
Menu key description
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
Left
Right
Enter
Up
Down
ESC
Function 1
Escape
HOME
Function 2
Providing 320×240 dot matrix graphic display, the user-friendly and menu-driven LCD allows you to easily browse
through the input, output, load and battery parameters of the UPS, learn current UPS status and alarm information,
perform functional setting and control operation. The LCD also stores up to 512 historical records that can retrieve for
reference and diagnosis.
4.2 LCD Screen Types
4.2.1 Start Screen
Upon UPS start, the UPS executes self-test, and the start screen appears and remains approximately 15 seconds, as
shown in Figure 4-2.
F1
F2
Figure 4-2
F3
F4
F5
Start screen
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Chapter 4
Operator Control And Display Panel
4.2.2 Primary Screen
After the UPS starts and finishes self-test, the primary screen appears, as shown in Figure 4-3. The primary screen is
divided into four windows: system information window, menu window, data window and keypad window.
ADAPT PM150
相电压(V)
相电流(A)
频率(Hz)
线电压(V)
功率因数
A(AB)
220
20.5
50.1
380
0.99
System information window
12:30:36
B(BC)
220
20.5
50.1
380
0.99
C(CA)
220
20.5
50.1
380
0.99
Data window
交流输出
Menu window
Keypad window
ESC
F1
F2
F3
F4
Figure 4-3
F5
Primary screen
The function of menu keys F1 ~ F5 is shown by a self-explanatory icon as appropriate for the particular window. From
any menu on the primary screen, pressing the F1 key returns to the Output menu, and pressing the F3 + F4 keys
enters the screen displayed in Figure 4-4, where you can select the required power module.
ADAPT PM150
相 电压(V)
相 电流(A)
频率(Hz)
线 电压(V)
功率 因数
12:30:36
A(AB)
B(BC)
220
220
Please select module
module 1
m odule 2
m odule 3
C(CA)
220
20.5
50.1
380
0.99
交 流输出
ESC
F1
F2
Figure 4-4
F3
F4
F5
Selecting power module
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Operator Control And Display Panel
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4.2.3 Default Screen
During UPS operation, if there is no alarm within two minutes, the default screen will appear, as shown in Figure 4-5.
After a short delay, the LCD backlight will turn off. Pressing any keys (F1 ~ F5) restores the default screen.
Liebert APM
F1
F2
Figure 4-5
F3
12:30:36
F4
F5
Default screen
4.3 Detailed Description Of Menu Items
The description that follows refers to the LCD primary screen shown on Figure 4-3.
System information window
The system information window displays the current time and UPS name. This window requires no user operation.
For details, see Table 4-6.
Table 4-6
Item discription of system information window
Item
Explanation
Liebert PM 150kVA
UPS name
12: 30: 36
Current time (24hr, HH:MM:SS format)
Menu window and data window
The menu window provides the menus of the data window. The data window displays the items of the menu selected
in the menu window. UPS parameters can be browsed and functions can be set through the menu window and data
window. Details are provided in Table 4-7.
Table 4-7
Menu
L-N voltage (V)
Mains
Bypass
Output
Item discription of menu window and data window
Item
Explanation
Phase voltage
L-N current (A)
Phase current
Frequency (Hz)
Input frequency
L-L voltage (V)
Line voltage
Power factor
Power factor
L-N voltage (V)
Phase voltage
Frequency (Hz)
Bypass frequency
L-L voltage (V)
Line voltage
L-N voltage (V)
Phase voltage
L-N current (A)
Pahse current
Frequency (Hz)
Output frequency
L-L voltage (V)
Line voltage
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30
Chapter 4
Operator Control And Display Panel
Menu
Load
System
Battery
Item
Power factor
Sout (kVA)
Sout: apparent power
Pout (kW)
Pout: active power
Qout (kVAR)
Qout: reactive power
Load level (%)
The percentage of the UPS rating load
Crest factor
Output current crest factor
Sout (kVA)
Sout: apparent power
Pout (kW)
Pout: active power
Qout (kVAR)
Qout: reactive power
Battery voltage (V)
Battery bus voltage
Battery current (A)
Battery bus current
Battery temperature
(°C)
Battery temperature°C
Battery remain time
(min)
Battery run time remaining
Battery capacity (%)
The percentage of the capacity of the new battery
Battery boost
charging
Battery is boost charging
Battery float charging
Battery is float charging
Battery is not
connected
Battery is not connected
I (A)
SPM Branch
In (A)
Load (%)
Electric energy (kwh)
SPM Meter
State
Current ripple
coefficient
Pout (kW)
SPM Loads
Explanation
Power factor
Sout (kVA)
Power factor
Displays the current, rated current and current percentage of each SPM output
route (up to 54 routes). When ‘-’ is displayed, it means the corresponding output
route is not connected or the measurement point of this output route is defined as
input measurement
Displays the current, current harmonic percentage and switch status of each SPM
output route (up to 54 routes). When ‘-’ is displayed, it means the corresponding
output route is not connected or the measurement point of this output route is
defined as input measurement
Optional. Set by commissioning engineer
Displays the active power, apparent power and power factor of each SPM output
route (up to 54 routes). When “-” is displayed, it means the corresponding output
route is not connected
Event
(active alarm)
Displays the active alarms. For the list of the alarms that may be displayed on the
LCD on the UPS operator control and display panel, refer to Table 4-9
Records
(alarm history)
Displays the alarm history. For the list of the alarms that may be displayed on the
LCD on the UPS operator control and display panel, refer to Table 4-9
Language
Settings
(language option)
Provides two optional LCD languages
Display contrast
Adjusts the LCD contrast
Date format set
Four formats selectable: MM/DD/YYYY, DD/MM/YYYY, YYYY/MM/DD
Date & time
Sets the date and time
Comm1 baud rate
Sets the communication baud rate of the RS232 port
Comm2 baud rate
For internal communicaiton. Not settable
Comm3 baud rate
Sets the communication baud rate of the SNMP card ports
Communication
address
Applicable to RS485 communication
Communication mode
Set the communcation mode
Callback times
If the communcation mode of the SNMP card port is modem mode, this parameter
sets the number of times of a number is redialed to send an alarm notificiaton
Phone No.1
If the communcation mode of the SNMP card port is modem mode, this is the first
phone number to be dialed (to send an alarm notification)
Phone No.2
If the communcation mode of the SNMP card port is modem mode, this is the
second phone number to be dialed (to send an alarm notification)
Phone No.3
If the communcation mode of the SNMP card port is modem mode, this is the third
phone number to be dialed (to send an alarm notification)
Command password
The user can modify the command password
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
Chapter 4
Menu
Command
(initiate, stop
battery, system
test or freshening
charge
Version
Operator Control And Display Panel
Item
31
Explanation
Battery maintenance
test
This test performs a partial discharge of the battery to obtain a rough estimate of
the battery capacity. Load must be between 20% and 100%
Battery capacity test
This test performs a full discharge of the battery to obtain a precise measure of the
battery capacity. Load must be between 20% and 100%
System test
This is a self-test of the UPS. When the user activates this function, a window
appears about five seconds later to show the test result
Stop testing
Manually stops a battery maintenance test, battery capacity test or system test
Freshening charge
Manually initiates a battery freshening charge
Stop freshening
charge
Manually stops a battery freshening charge
Monitor Version
Provides the monitoring software version
Rectifier Version
Provides the rectifier software version
Inverter Version
Provides the inverter software version
Bypass Version
Provides the bypass software version
SPM Version
Provides the SPM DSP software version
Keypad window
The function of menu keys F1 ~ F5 is shown by a self-explanatory icon as appropriate for the particular window.
4.4 Prompt Windows
A prompt window is displayed during the operation of the system to alert you to certain conditions or to require your
confirmation of a command. The prompts are provided in Table 4-8.
Table 4-8
Prompts and meanings
Prompt
Meaning
Transfer with interrupt, confirm or cancel
The inverter and bypass supplies are not synchronized and any load transfer
between the inverters and bypass will cause a brief load interruption
This operation leads to output shutdown,
confirm or cancel
The bypass is abnormal, turning off the inverters will cause the load to be
dis-engergised
Turn on more UPS to carry current load
The number of inverters already turned on is insufficient to carry the exisitng load.
The user is required to turn on more inverters
Battery will be depleted, confirm or cancel
If you select battery maintenance test, the battery will discharge until the UPS
shuts down. This prompt appears to require your confirmation. Cancelling the test
will ends the test and transfers the UPS to Normal mode
System self test finished, everything is OK
No action required
Please check the current warnings
Check the active alarm messages
Enter control password
Required for battery or UPS test (default: 123456)
Battery Self Test aborted, conditions not
met
Battery selt-test condition is not met. Please check whether the battery is in boost
charge state and the load is more than 20%
Battery Refresh Charge aborted, conditions
not met
This prompt appears when you select the Freshening charge command while the a
battery freshening charge condition (such as no battery, charger failure) is not met
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Chapter 4
Operator Control And Display Panel
4.5 Alarm List
The following table provides the complete list of UPS alarm messages supported for display either on the Event menu
or on the Records menu as described in Table 4-9.
Table 4-9
Alarm list
Alarm
Explanation
Inverter comm. fail
Internal communication failure between monitoring board and inverters
Rectifier comm. fail
Internal communication failure between monitoring board and rectifiers
Parallel comm. fail
Communication between different power modules failed.
1.Check if there are some power modules not powered. If so, power on these power modules and
check if the alarm disappears.
2. Press the FAULT CLEAR key
Battery overtemp.
The battery temperature is over limit. Check the battery temperature and ventilation
Ambient overtemp.
The ambient temperature is over limit. Check the ventilation of the UPS room
Battery fault
The battery is aged (reserved)
Replace battery
Battery test failed. The battery needs replacement
Battery low pre-warning
Before the EOD, battery low pre-warning will occur. After this pre-warning, the battery will have the
capacity for three minutes discharging with full load. The time is user-settable from 3 minutes to 60
minutes. Please shut down the load in time
Battery end of discharge
Inverters turned off due to battery EOD. Check the mains failure and try to recover it
Mains volt. abnormal
The mains voltage is outside specifications and results in rectifier shutdown. Check the rectifier
input phase voltage
Mains undervoltage
Mains voltage is under-voltage with derated load. Check the rectifier input line voltage
Mains freq. abnormal
The mains frequency is outside specifications and results in rectifier shutdown. Check the rectifier
input frequency
Rectifier fault
Rectifiers detected faulty, rectifiers shut down, battery discharges
Rectifier overtemp.
The heatsink temperature is too high and results in rectifier stop. The UPS can recover
automatically. Check the environment and ventilation
Charger fault
The voltage of the battery charger is too high
Control power 1 fail
The UPS is operating but the control power is abnormal or not available
Mains phase reversed
The AC input phase rotation is reversed
Rectifier overcurrent
The rectifiers are overloaded
Soft start fail
The rectifiers could not start due to low DC bus voltage
Bypass unable to trace
This alarm is triggered by an inverter software routine when the amplitude or frequency of bypass
voltage is outside specifications. The amplitude threshold is fixed for ±10% rating. This alarm
automatically resets once the bypass voltage goes normal.
1. First verify that the bypass voltage and frequency displayed on the LCD are within the selected
ranges. Note that here the rated voltage and frequency are specified by Output voltage level and
Output frequency level respectively.
2. If the displayed voltage is believed to be abnormal, then verify the bypass voltage and
frequency presented to the UPS. Check the external supply if it is found faulty
Bypass abnormal
This alarm is triggered by an inverter software routine when the amplitude or frequency of bypass
voltage exceeds the limit. The amplitude threshold is fixed for ±10% rating. This alarm
automatically resets once the bypass voltage goes normal.
1. First check if there are some relevant alarms such as Bypass phase reverse and Mains neutral
lost. If they appear, solve them first.
2. Then verify that the bypass voltage and frequency displayed on the LCD are within the bypass
limits. Note that here the rated voltage and frequency are specified by Output voltage level and
Output frequency level respectively.
3. If the displayed voltage is believed to be abnormal, then measure the bypass voltage and
frequency presented to the UPS. If the bypass voltage and frequency are abnormal, check the
external bypass supply.
4. If the mains is likely to trigger this alarm frequently, the bypass limits can be changed a little
larger through the configuration software according to the user’s agreement
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
Chapter 4
Alarm
Inverter asynchronous
Operator Control And Display Panel
33
Explanation
This alarm is triggered by an inverter software routine when the inverter and bypass waveforms
are misaligned by more than six degrees in phase. The amplitude threshold is fixed for ±10%
rating. This alarm resets automatically once the condition is no longer true.
1. First check if the alarm Bypass unable to trace or Bypass abnormal occurs. If so, solve it first.
2. Verify the waveform of the bypass voltage. If it is too distorted, ask the customer to verify and
seek any possible measurements
Inverter fault
Inverter output voltage outside specifications. Load transfers to bypass
Inverter overtemp.
The temperature of the inverter heatsink is too high and reusults in inverter stop. This alarm is
triggered by the signal from a temperature monitoring thermostat on the inverter bridge heatsink.
The UPS will recover automatically after a five minute delay from the disappearance of the
overtemperature signal.
If the overtemperature condition is true, then check for:
1. high ambient temperature.
2. obstructed cooling airway.
3. any fan failure.
4. prolonged inverter overload
Fan fault
At least one of the cooling fans failed
Main STS fail
At least one of the static switches at the inverter side is open or shorted. This fault is locked until
power off
Bypass STS fail
At least one of the static switches at the bypass side is open or shorted. This fault is locked until
power off
Operation invalid
This record is registered following an incorrect operation
Output fuse fail
At least one of the inverter output fuses is blown. The inverters shut down, and the load transfers
to bypass
Control power 2 fail
The UPS is operating but the redundant control power is abnormal or not available
Unit over load
The UPS is confirmed to be overload when the load arises above 105% nominal rating. The alarm
automatically resets once the overload condition is removed.
1. Confirm that the alarm is true by checking the load percent indicated on the LCD to determine
which phase is overloaded.
2. If the alarm is true, measure the actual output current to verify that the indications are valid.
Disconnect uncessary load and ensure the safety
Byp. abnormal shutdown
Both bypass and inverter voltages are abnormal, and the load power is interrupted
Inverter over current
Overcurrent of inverter pulse width modulation module
Bypass phase reverse
The phase rotation of the bypass voltage is reverwed. Normally, phase B lags 120 degrees behind
phase A, and phase C lags 120 degrees behind phase B.
Check that the phase rotation of the UPS bypass supply is correct, and rectify it if it is found to be
in error
Load impact transfer
A transfer to bypass occurred due to a large step load. The UPS should recover automatically.
Turn on connected equipment in sequential order to reduce the step loading of the inverters
Transfer time-out
The load remains on bypass power due to excessive number of transfers that occurred within the
last hour. The UPS will recover automatically and will transfer the load back to inverter power
within an hour
DC bus abnormal
The DC bus voltage is abnormal and results in inverter shutdown. The load transfers to bypass
Parallel board fault
Parallel board is faulty. This may result in UPS transfer to bypass
DC bus over voltage
Rectifiers, inverters and battery converter were shutdown because the DC bus voltage is too high.
Check whether there is a fault at the rectifier side. If no, then check whether overload occurs.
Restart the inverters after resetting the fault
Bypass over current
The bypass current is above 135% rating. The UPS just alarms and does nothing
Setting save error
Alarm history not saved (reserved)
Mains neutral lost
The neutral line of the AC input mains is not detected
Protocol version clash
Protocol version incompatibility between the monitoring board and DSP board
Battery ground fault
The battery ground fault dry contact alarms
Inv. turned ON manually
One used the INVERTER ON key on the operator control and display panel to turn on the
inverters
Inv. turned OFF manually
One used the INVERTER OFF key on the operator control and display panel to turn off the
inverters
EPO
EPO switch pressed or external EPO command received
Transfer confirm
Prompt to press the enter key to acknowledge an interrupted load transfer to bypass
Transfer cancel
Prompt to press the ESC key to avoid an interrupted load transfer to bypass
Fault reset
FAULT CLEAR key pressed
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Chapter 4
Operator Control And Display Panel
Alarm
Explanation
Alarm silence
SILENCE ON/OFF key pressed
Turn on fail
Inverters failed to turn on when the INVERTER ON key was pressed. This may be the result of an
invalid operation (maintenance bypass on) or DC bus or rectifiers not ready
Alarm reset
FAULT CLEAR or SILENCE ON/OFF key pressed
Bypass mode
The UPS is in bypass mode
Normal mode
The UPS is in normal mode
Battery mode
The UPS is in battery mode
Check UPS output
UPS shutdown with no output power
Generator connected
Generated connection signal is received
BCB open
BCB status (open)
BCB closed
BCB status (closed)
Battery float charging
Battery status (float charge mode)
Battery boost charging
Battery status (boost charge mode)
Battery discharging
Battery status (discharge mode)
Battery period testing
The battery is under automatic periodic battery maintenance test (20% capacity discharge)
Batt. capacity testing
The user initiated a battery capacity test (100% capacity discharge)
Batt. maint. testing
The user initiated a maintenance test (20% capacity discharge)
UPS system testing
The user initiated a UPS self-test
Inverter in setting
Inverters starting up and synchronising
Rectifier in setting
Rectifiers starting up and synchronising
MBP-T cabinet Fans Fault
Maintenance bypass cabinet fan fault
Ext Input TX Overtemp
External input isolation transformer overtemperature
Ext Output TX Overtemp
External output isolation transformer overtemperature
Battery Room Alarm
Environment in battery room needs attention
Battery reverse
Connect the battery again and check the battery cable connection
No battery
Check the battery and the battery cable connection
Auto start
After the UPS shut down at EOD, the inverters automatically start upon mains restoration
REC FLASH UPDATE
Rectifier software is being updated
INV FLASH UPDATE
Inverter software is being updated
MONITOR FLASH UPDATE
Monitor software is being updated
Input contactor fault
Input contactor fault
Contactor P.S. 1 fault
Contactor power supply board 1 fault
Contactor P.S. 2 fault
Contactor power supply board 2 fault
DSP firmware error
The inverter software does not match the rectifier firmware
SPM Board Not Ready
The acquisition board is not properly connected. Seek technical assistance from the local
customer service center of Emerson
SPM CRC Check Error
Data check error of acquisition arithmetic module. Seek technical assistance from the local
customer service center of Emerson
SPM Branch Curr Over LL
Load too large, exceeding route current low threshold (set by commissioning engineer, 60% of
rated route current by default)
SPM Branch Curr Over HL
Load too large, exceeding route current high threshold (set by commissioning engineer, 80% of
rated route current by default)
SPM Branch Over Current
Load too large, exceeding route overcurrent point (set by commissioning engineer, 105% of rated
route current by default)
SPM Branch 1 Inrush OC
Load too large, exceeding route impact overcurrent point (set by commissioning engineer, 130%
of rated route current by default)
SPM Branch Breaker Fail
Output distribution switch open. Check whether it was caused by human intervention or fault.
Check the load if was caused by fault
SPM Internal Comm Failure
Power interruption between bypass module and SPM monitoring module
SPM Maitainance Bypass
Breaker Close
The maintenance bypass switch of the UPS is closed
SPM Output Breaker Open
The output switch of the UPS is open
Note: If the alarms are caused by the values set by the Emerson-authorized commissioning engineer using the configuration
software, and the user need to change the setting values, please contact the local customer service center of Emerson
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
Chapter 5
Service
35
Chapter 5 Service
This chapter introduces the UPS service, including the service procedures of the power module, bypass module and
output distribution module, and the replacement of air filter.
5.1 Replacement Procedures Of Power Module, Bypass Module And Output
Distribution Module
5.1.1 Notes
1. Only the customer service engineers shall service the power modules, bypass module and output distribution
modules.
2. Remove the power modules, bypass module and output distribution modules from top to bottom, so as to prevent
cabinet toppling due to high centre of gravity .
3. To ensure safety, before servicing the power modules and bypass module, be sure to use a multimeter to verify
that the DC bus capacitor voltage is lower than 60Vdc, and that the voltages between the earth and the components
you are going to work on are under dangerous voltage values, that is, lower than 60Vdc or 42.4Vac peak value.
4. The static bypass module is not hot pluggable. It should be replaced only when the UPS is in maintenance bypass
mode or completely powered off.
5. The power modules and bypass module should be serviced five minutes, and installed in the cabinet again 10
minutes, after they are removed.
5.1.2 Power Module Replacement Procedures
Provided that the UPS is in normal mode, and that the bypass is normal:
1. Press and hold the INVERTER OFF key on the operator control and display panel for two seconds to manually turn
off the inverters, and the UPS transfers to bypass mode.
2. Place the ready switch on the front panel of the power module to the up position (i.e., in unready state).
3. Two minutes later, remove the fixing screws on both sides of the front panel of the module, and pull the module out
of the cabinet.
Note: The module will be blocked by a spring piece at the left side of the module when the module is pulled out of the
cabinet halfway. At this point, you must press the spring piece before you continue to pull the module out.
4. After servicing the module, confirm that the DIP switch of the module is set correctly, and that the ready switch is in
unready state.
5. Push the module (at least 10s after another) into the cabinet, and tighten the screws on both sides.
6. Wait for two seconds, place the ready switch of the module to the down position, and the module is ready. Then the
module will be added into the system automatically and begin to work.
5.1.3 Power Module Service Procedures
Provided that the UPS is in normal mode, and that the bypass is normal:
1. Press and hold the INVERTER OFF key on the operator control and display panel for two seconds to manually turn
off the inverters, and the UPS transfers to bypass mode.
2. Close the maintenance bypass, and the UPS transfers to maintenance bypass mode.
3. Open the UPS output switch and input switch.
4. Press the EPO switch, and open the battery circuit breaker (BCB).
5. Remove the fixing screws on both sides of the front panel of the bypass module, and pull the module out of the
cabinet.
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Chapter 5
Service
6. After servicing the module, push the module (at least 10s after another) into the cabinet, and tighten the screws on
both sides.
7. Close the UPS output switch and input switch in turn.
Two minutes later, the bypass indicator on the operator control and display panel turns on, indicating the UPS is
operating in bypass mode.
8. Open the maintenance bypass switch, press and hold the INVERTER ON key on the operator control and display
panel for two seconds to manually turn on the inverters, and the UPS transfers to normal mode.
5.1.4 Output Distribution Module replacement Procedures
1. Open each output distribution switch of the output distribution module.
2. Remove the cables connected to the output terminals of the output distribution module.
3. Remove the fixing screws on both sides of the front panel of the module, and pull the module out of the cabinet.
4. After servicing the module, confirm that all output distribution switches of the module are open.
5. Push the module into the cabinet, and tighten the screws on both sides.
6. Restore the cable connection to the output terminals of the module.
5.2 Replacement Procedures Of Air Filter
As shown in Figure 5-1, the UPS provides four air filters on the back of the front door, each fixed by a fixing bar on
both sides. The air filter replacement procedures are as follows:
1. Open the front door of the UPS to reveal the air filters on the back of the door.
2. Remove a fixing bar on either side of the air filter.
3. Remove the air filter, and insert a clean one.
4. Replace the fixing bar.
Fixing bar
Air filters
Figure 5-1
Air filters on the back of the UPS front door
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
Chapter 6
Specifications
37
Chapter 6 Specifications
The chapter provides the UPS specifications.
6.1 Conformity And Standards
The UPS has been designed to conform to the European and international standards listed in Table 6-1.
Table 6-1
European and international standards
Item
Normative reference
General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas
EN50091-1-1/IEC62040-1-1/AS 62040-1-1
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements for UPS
EN50091-2/IEC62040-2/AS 62040-2 (C3)
Method of specifying the performance and test requirements of UPS
EN50091-3/IEC62040-3/AS 62040-3 (VFI SS 111)
Note: The product standards in this table incorporate relevant compliance clauses with generic IECand ENstandards for safety
(IEC/EN/AS60950), electromagnetic emission and immunity (IEC/EN/AS61000 series) and construction (IEC/EN/AS60146 series
and 60529)
6.2 Environmental Characteristics
Table 6-2
Item
Environmental characteristics
Unit
Noise within 1m
dB
Altitude
m
Relative humidity
%RH
Specifications
56.0
≤1000, derate power by 1% per 100m between 1000m and 2000m
0 ~ 95, non condensing
Operating temperature
°C
0 ~ 40; battery life is halved for every 10°C increase above 20°C
Storage and transport temperature for UPS
°C
-20 ~ 70
Recommended battery storage
temperature
°C
-20 ~ 30 (20°C for optimum battery storage)
6.3 Mechanical Characteristics
Table 6-3
Rated power (kVA)
Dimensions, W × D × H
Weight
Mechanical characteristics
Unit
30 ~ 150
mm
600 × 1100 × 2000
kg
300
Color
N/A
Black
Protection degree, IEC(60529)
N/A
IP20 (front door and back door open or closed)
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Chapter 6
Specifications
6.4 Electrical Characteristics (Input Rectifier)
Table 6-4
Rectifier AC input (mains)
Rated power (kVA)
Unit
150
Rated AC input voltage1
Vac
380/400/415 (3-phase and sharing neutral with the bypass input)
Input voltage tolerance2
Vac
305 ~ 477; 304 ~ 208 (output derated below 70%)
Frequency2
Hz
50/60 (tolerance: 40Hz ~ 70Hz)
Power factor
kW/kVA, full load (half load)
0.99 (0.98)
Input power
kVA rated3 (maximum4)
30 ~ 150
Input current
A rated 3 (maximum4)
60 ~ 300
Harmonic current distortion
THDI% FL
<3
Duration of progressive
10s to reach full ratd current (selectable 5s through 30s in
s
power walk-in
5-second intervals)
Note:
1. Rectifiers operate at any of the rated supply voltages and frequencies without further adjustment.
2. At 305V input mains the UPS maintains the specified output voltage at rated load without discharging a previously charged
battery.
3. IEC62040-3/EN50091-3: at rated load and input voltage 400V, battery charged.
4. IEC62040-3/EN50091-3: at rated load and input voltage 400V, battery charging at maximum rated power
6.5 Electrical Characteristics (Intermediate DC Circuit)
Table 6-5
Rated power (kVA)
Battery bus voltage
Number of lead-acid
cells
Float voltage
Temperature
compensation
Ripple voltage
Battery
Vdc
Intermediate DC circuit
30
60
90
120
Nominal: 432V (VRLA float charge is 540V), range: 400V ~ 616V
Nominal
216 (6cells x 36 12V battery block)
Maximum
240 (6cells x 40 12V battery block)
Minimum
180 (6cells x 30 12V battery block)
V/cell(VRLA)
2.25V/cell (selectable from 2.2V/cell to 2.3V/cell)
Constant current and constant voltage charge mode
mV/ /cl
-3.0 (selectable from 0 to -5.0 around 25°C or 30°C, or inhibit)
Unit
% V float
≤1
Ripple current
% C10
Boost voltage
VRLA
≤5
2.35V/cell (selectable from 2.30V/cell to 2.40V/cell)
Constant current and constant voltage charge mode
Float-boost current trigger 0.050C10 (selectable from 0.030 to 0.070)
Boost-float current trigger 0.010C10 (selectable from 0.005 to 0.025)
24hr safety time timeout (selectable from 8hr to 30hr)
Boost mode inhibit also selectable
1.63V/cell (selectable from 1.60V/cell to 1.750V/cell)
Automatic inverse EOD voltage × discharge current mode
(the EOD voltage increases at low discharge currents)
2.4V/cell (selectable from 2.3V/cell to 2.4V/cell)
Constant current and constant voltage charge mode
Programmable automatic trigger or inhibit of boost mode
6
12
18
24
Boost control
EOD voltage
V/cell(VRLA)
Battery charge
V/cell
150
Battery
kW
30
charging power1
max current
A
11
22
33
44
55
(adjustable)2
Note:
1. At low input voltage the UPS recharge capability increases with load decrease (up to the maximum capacity indicated).
2. Max currents listed are for EOD voltage of 1.67V/cell for 240 cells
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
Chapter 6
Specifications
6.6 Electrical Characteristics (Inverter Output)
Table 6-6
Rated power (kVA)
Inverter output (to critical load)
Unit
30 ~ 150
Rated AC voltage1
Vac
380/400/415 (three-phase four-wire, with neutral reference to the bypass neutral)
Frequency2
Hz
50/60
Overload
%
110% for 60min
125% for 10min
150% for 1min
>150% for 200ms
Fault current
%
340% current limitation for 200ms
Non-linear load
capability3
%
100%
Neutral current capability
%
170%
Steady state voltage
stability
%
±1 (balanced load), ±2 (100% unbalanced load)
Transient voltage
response4
%
±5
Tatal harmonic voltage
%
<1 (linear load), <4 (non-linear load3)
Synchronisation window
Slew rate (max change
rateof synchronisation
frequency)
Inverter voltage tolerance
Rated frequency ±2Hz (selectable from ±0.5Hz to ±3Hz)
Hz/s
%V(ac)
1; selectable from 0.1 to 3
±5
Note:
1. Factory set to 400V. 380 or 415V selectable by commissioning engineer.
2. Factory set to 50Hz. 60 Hz selectable by commissioning engineer.
3. EN 50091-3 (1.4.58) crest factor 3:1.
4. IEC 62040-3 / EN 50091-3 also for 0% ~ 100% ~ 0% load transient. Transient recovery time: return to within 5% of steady
state output voltage within half a cycle
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
39
40
Chapter 6
Specifications
6.7 Electrical Characteristics (Bypass Mains Input)
Table 6-7
Rated power (kVA)
Rated AC voltage
Bypass mains input
Unit
1
Vac
30 ~ 150
380/400/415, three-phase four-wire, sharing neutral with the rectifier input and
providing neutral reference to the output
Rated current
A
225, 380V
215, 400V
205, 415V
Overload
%
135% long term
170% for 10min
1000% for 100ms
Upstream protection, bypass line
N/A
Thermomagnetic circuit breaker, rated up to 125% of nominal output current. IEC
60947-2 curve C
Current rating of neutral cable
A
1.7 × In
Frequency2
Hz
50/60
Transfer time (between bypass
and inverter)
ms
Synchronous transfer: ≤1ms
Asynchronous transfer (default): 15ms (50Hz), 13.3ms (60Hz)
Or 40ms, 60ms, 80ms, 100ms selectable
%Va
c
Bypass voltage tolerance
Upper limit: +10, +15 or +20, default: +15
Lower limit: -10, -20, -30 or –40, default: -20
(delay time to accept steady bypass voltage: 10s)
Bypass frequency tolerance
%
±2.5, ±5, ±10 or ±20, default: ±10
Synchronixation window
Hz
Rated frequency: ±2Hz (selectable fromm ±0.5Hz to ±3Hz)
Note:
1. Factory set to 400V. 380V or 415V selectable by commissioning engineer.
2. Factory set to 50Hz. 60Hz selectable by commissioning engineer.
6.8 Efficiency, Heat Losses And Air Exchange
Table 6-8
Efficiency, heat losses and air exchange
30
Unit
Overall efficiency
Rated power (kVA)
60
90
Normal mode (double conversion)
%
96
ECO mode
%
98
120
150
Inverter efficiency (DC/AC) (battery at nominal voltage 432Vdc and full-rated linear load)
%
Battery mode
96
Heat losses and air exchange
Normal mode
kW
1.2
2.4
3.6
4.8
6
ECO mode
kW
0.6
1.2
1.8
2.4
3
No load
kW
0.6
1.2
1.8
2.4
3
Maximum forced air cooling (front intake, back exhaust)
L/s
48
96
144
192
239
Note: input and output voltage 400Vac battery charged, full rated linear load
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual
Appendix 1
BCB Model Selection And Connection
41
Appendix 1 BCB Model Selection And Connection
Table 1
Selection reference table of BCB rated current and connection cable cross CSA
Unit
30
60
90
120
150
Max battery discharge current at full
load
Rated power (kVA)
A
105
210
315
420
525
Reference rated current of circuit
breaker
A
150
250
350
450
550
35
70
105
140
175
CSA of connection cable
mm
2
Note :
1. In the case the battery is configured for independent wiring for positive group and negative group respectively (that is, lead four
cables from battery terminals), for the UPS, due to the limitation of the rated current, it is recommended to use a 4P DC
moulded-case circuit breaker (MCCB) (DC rated voltage of the breaker meeting 1-pole 250Vdc, 2-pole 500Vdc, 3-pole 750Vdc,
rated breaking capacity limit being 35kA) or two 2P DC MCCBs (DC rated voltage of single breaker meeting 1-pole 250Vdc,
2-pole 500Vdc, rated breaking capacity limit being 35kA). Connections between the battery, breaker and UPS are shown in
Figure 1.
2. In the case the battery is configured for center tap wiring (that is, lead three cables from battery terminals), it is recommended
to use a 4P DC MCCB, with DC rated voltage of the breaker meeting 1-pole 250Vdc, 2-pole 500Vdc, 3-pole 750Vdc, and rated
breaking capacity limit being 35kA. Connections between the battery, breaker and UPS are shown in Figure 2
N
N
−
Figure 1
+
N
UPS
+
−
Connections between the battery, breaker and UPS (four cables connected to battery)
+
N
N
UPS
+
−
−
Figure 2
Connections between the battery, breaker and UPS (three cables connected to battery)
Liebert APM Modular UPS User & Installation Manual