BOMBARDIER elan 1987 Operator`s manual

operator's
manual
1987
414 5982 00
model
V.I.N.
purchase date
warranty expiry date
To be completed by dealer at time of sale
DEALER IMPRINT AREA
AFTER SALES SERVICE
BOMBARDIER INC.
VALCOURT (QUEBEC)
CANADA, JOf 2LO
H
Litho'd in Canada
~
Duality
Service
The following are trademarks of Bombardier Inc.
ALPINE®
BLIZZARD®
BOMBARDIER®
CARRY-BOOSE®
CITATION®
ELAN®
ELITE®
ESCAPADE*
EVEREST®
FORMULA*
FUTURA®
GRAND PRIX SPECIAL®
MIRAGE®
MOTO-SKI®
NORDIK®
NUVIK®
OLYMPIQUE®
ROTA X®
®*Trademarks of Bombardier Inc.
SAFARI*
SKANDIC®
SKI-DOO®
SONIC®
SPIRIT®
STRATOS*
T'NT®
TUNDRA*
All rights reserved
©
Bombardier. Inc.
FOREWORD
The operator manual and the Snowmobile Safety Handbook have been prepared to acquaint the owner/operator or
passenger of a new snowmobile with the
various vehicle controls, maintenance
and safe operating instructions. Each is
indispensable for the proper use of the
product, and should be kept with the vehicle at all times.
Should you have any questions pertaining
to the warranty and its application, please
consult the ''Often Asked Questions'' section of this manual, or your authorized
dealer.
This manual uses the following symbols.
WARNING: Identifies an instruction which, if not followed, could
•
cause serious personal injuries including
possibility of death.
-.r CAUTION: Denotes an instruction
T which, if not followed, could severely damage vehicle components.
0
NOTE: Indicates supplementary information needed to fully complete
an instruction.
Although the mere reading of such information does not eliminate the hazard,
your understanding of the information
will promote its correct use .
WARNING: The engines and the
corresponding components iden•
tified in this manual should not be utilized on product(s) other th9n those
mentioned on the cover page of this
manual.
The information, illustrations and components/system descriptions contained
in this manual are correct at time of publication. Bombardier Inc. however, maintains a policy of continuous improvement
of its products without imposing upon itself any obligation to install them on products previously manufactured.
Bombardier Inc. reserves the right at any
time to discontinue or change specifications, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring obligation.
The illustrations show the typical construction of the different assemblies and,
in all cases, may not reproduce the full
detail or exact shape of the parts shown,
however, they represent parts which have
the same or a similar function.
Most specifications are given in both metric and customary units. Where precise
accuracy is not required, some conversions are rounded to even numbers for
easier use.
A shop manual can be obtained for complete service, maintenance and repair information.
-.r CAUTION: Several components
T of this vehicle are built with parts
dimensioned in the metric system. Most
fasteners are metric and must not be
replaced by customary fasteners or vice
versa. Mismatched or incorrect fasteners could cause damage to the vehicle
or possible personal injury.
SAFETY MEASURES
Observe the following
precautions:
• Your snowmobile is not designed to
be operated on public streets, road or
highways. In most States and Provinces, it is considered an illegal operation.
• Throttle mechanism should be checked for free movement before starting
engine.
• Installation of other than standard
equipment, including ski-spreaders,
bumpers, pack racks, etc., could severely affect the stability and safety
of your vehicle. Avoid adding on accessories that alter the basic vehicle
configuration.
• The snowmobile engine can be stopped by activating the emergency cutout or tether switches or turning off
the key.
• Clean and check operation of the headlight tail light and brake light.
• Engine should be running only when
belt guard and/or pulley guard is secured in place.
• Whenever the vehicle is parked outdoors, overnight or for a long period,
it is suggested to protect it against
the inclemency of the weather with a
snowmobile cover.
• Never run the engine without drive belt
installed. Running an unloaded engine
can prove to be dangerous.
• Do not lubricate throttle and/or brake
cables and housings.
• Never run the engine when the track
is raised off the ground.
• Only perform procedures as detailed
in this manual. Unless otherwise specified, engine should be turned OFF for
all lubrication and maintenance procedures.
• It can be dangerous to run engine with
the hood removed.
• Gasoline is flammable and explosive
under certain conditions. Always manipulate in a well ventilated area. Do
not smoke or allow open flames or
sparks in the vicinity. If gasoline fumes
are noticed while driving, the cause
should be determined and corrected
without delay.
• The Stratos model is designed for the
driver only. No provisions have been
made for a passenger.
• Should removal of a nylon lock nut be
required when undergoing repairs/disassembly, always replace by new ones.
Tighten as specified in the applicable
Shop Manual.
• Maintain your vehicle in top mechanical condition at all times.
• Your snowmobile is not designed to
be driven or operated on black top,
bare earth, or other abrasive surfaces.
On such surfaces abnormal and excessive wear of critical parts is inevitable.
PLEASE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL
WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS IN THIS
MANUAL AND ON THE VEHICLE.
THIS MANUAL SHOULD REMAIN WITH THE VEHICLE
AT THE TIME OF RESALE.
2 ---------------------------
INDEX------------THE 1987 "LIMITED WARRANTY".
4
OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS ..
6
LISTING OF AREA DISTRIBUTORS ...... .
8
9
HOW TO IDENTIFY YOUR SNOWMOBILE .
CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS
Throttle lever, brake lever, ignition switch, headlamp dimmer switch, emergency cut-out switch, tether cut-out switch, rewind starter handle, primer, adjustable steering handle, speedometer, tachometer, electric fuel level gauge, injection oil level pilot lamp, high beam pilot lamp, hot grip switch, tank cap, hood
opening, seat belt, tool box, fuse holders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
BREAK-IN PERIOD
Engine and belt break-in, 10 hour-inspection, inspection check list
14
GAS & OIL
Recommended gasoline, recommended oil, oil injection system . .
16
PRE-START CHECK
16
Check points .............. .
STARTING PROCEDURE
Manual starting, electric starting, before riding, emergency starting . .
17
LUBRICATION
Frequency, steering mechanism, drive axle, slide suspension, chaincase oil
level, oil injection system
.................
19
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance chart, belt guard removal and installation, drive belt removal,
drive belt condition, new drive belt, brake condition, brake adjustment, spark
plugs, battery, suspension condition, stopper strap condition, suspension adjustment, stopper strap, track condition, track tension and alignment, drive
pulley, steering mechanism, steering adjustment, muffler attachments, engine
head nuts, engine mount nuts, carburetor adjustment, oil injection system,
fan belt, headlamp beam aiming, bulb replacement, general inspection
22
STORAGE
Track, suspension, skis, controls, chaincase, drive pulley, engine and primer
lubrication, gas tank and carburetor, battery, chassis, general inspection, suspension stopper strap . . .
.............................
34
PRE-SEASON PREPARATION
Pre-season preparation chart .... .
38
TROUEtLE SHOOTING GUIDE . . .
39
TOOLS .............. .
41
SPECIFICATIONS ........ .
42
WIRING DIAGRAMS ........ .
44
46
Sl INFORMATION GUIDE ...... .
---------------------------3
THE 1987 SNOWMOBILE
LIMITED W A R R A N T Y - - - - - - - - - 1 -PERIOD
BOMBARDIER® INC. as manufacturer, warrants FROM THE DATE OF FIRST CONSUMER SALES, every 1987 BOMBARDIER snowmobile, sold as NEW AND UNUSED, and predelivered by an authorized BOMBARDIER dealer for a period of:
• 12 consecutive months.
2 - WHAT BOMBARDIER WILL DO
BOMBARDIER will repair and/or replace, at its option, components defective
in material and/or workmanship (under normal use and service,) with a genuine
BOMBARDIER component without charge for parts or labour, at any authorized
BOMBARDIER dealer during said warranty period.
3- CONDITION TO HAVE WARRANTY WORK PERFORMED
Present to the servicing dealer, the hard copy of the BOMBARDIER Warranty
Registration card or proof of purchase received by the customer from the selling dealer at time of purchase.
4- WARRANTY TRANSFER
This warranty is transferable to subsequent owner(s) for remainder of warranty period from original date of sale.
5- EXCLUSIONS- ARE NOT WARRANTED
• Normal wear on all items such as, but not limited to:
- drive belts
- bulbs
- slider shoes
- runners on skis
- spark plugs
• Replacement parts and/or accessories which are not genuine BOMBARDIER
parts and/or accessories.
• Damage resulting from installation of parts other than genuine BOMBARDIER
parts.
• Damage caused by failure to provide proper maintenance as detailed in the
Operator's Manual. The labour, parts and lubricants costs of all maintenance
services, including tune-ups and adjustments will be charged to the owner.
• Vehicles designed and/or used for racing purposes.
• All optional accessories installed on the vehicle.
(The normal warranty policy for parts and accessories, if any, applies).
• Damage resulting from accident, fire or other casualty, misuse, abuse or ne
glect.
• Damage resulting from operation of the snowmobile on surfaces other thar
snow.
• Damage resulting from modification to the snowmobile not approved in writ
ing by BOMBARDIER.
4 ----------------------------
• Losses incurred by the snowmobile owner other than parts and labour, such
as, but not limited to, transportation, towing, telephone calls, taxis, or any
other incidental or consequential damage.
6 - BATTERY WARRANTY:
• 12 consecutive months. (Pro-rated)
100% warranty coverage will start on the date the snowmobile was purchased
and run to the following April 30th. The remainder of the 12 month period
will be pro-rated as follows:
- 50% from April 30th to December 1st.
- 40% from December 1st to December 31st.
- 30% from January 1st to end of warranty.
7 - EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES
This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other legal
rights which may vary from state to state, or province to province. Where
applicable this warranty is expressly in lieu of all other expressed or implied warranties of BOMBARDIER, its distributors and the selling dealer,
including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose; otherwise the implied warranty is limited to the duration of this warranty. However, some states or provinces do not allow limitations on how
long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply.
Neither the distributor, the selling dealer, nor any other person has been
authorized to make any affirmation, representation or warranty other than
those contained in this warranty, and if made, such affirmation, representation or warranty shall not be enforceable against BOMBARDIER or any
other person.
Some states or provinces do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion
may not apply.
BOMBARDIER INC. reserves the right to modify its warranty policy at any
time, being understood that such modification will not alter the warranty
conditions applicable to vehicles sold while the above warranty is in effect.
8 · CONSUMER ASSISTANCE
If a servicing problem or other difficulty occurs, we suggest the following:
1. Try to solve the problem at the dealership with the Service Manager or Owner.
2. If this fails, contact your area distributor listed in the Operator's Manual.
3. Then if your grievance still remains unsolved, you may write to us:
Bombardier Inc.
Service Department
Recreational Products Division
Valcourt (Quebec). Canada, JOE 2LO
February 1986
Bombardier Inc.
Valcourt (Quebec). Canada, JOE 2LO
®*Trademarks of Bombardier Inc.
___________________________ 5
OFTEN ASKED
QUESTIONS------------0: Why must my snowmobile be registered? After all I do have my original invoice as
proof of when I purchased my snowmobile.
A: Your warranty is valid at any authorized dealer of the product. Your registration is the key element in providing the servicing dealer with the necessary data
to complete warranty claim forms. This information is also used to notify owners
in the event of a safety recall.
0: Who should send the registration card to Bombardier Inc.?
A: The dealer. However, It is important that the customer make sure that it has been
sent. The company might contact you should your vehicle be recalled or in case of
a particular warranty campaign.
0: I bought my snowmobile in O'King County but I snowmobile in Washington County. Can the dealer in Washington County accept to perform warranty work on my
snowmobile?
A: Yes, any authorized dealer in North America can perform warranty repairs, providing the customer warranty registration card is presented.
0: Where can I find information on the lubrication and maintenance of my snowmobile?
A: In this Operator Manual prov1ded with the vehicle at the time of first sale.
0: Will the entire warranty be void or cancelled, if I do not operate or maintain my
new snowmobile exactly as specified in the Operator's Manual?
A: The warranty of the new snowmobile cannot be "Vo1ded" or "Cancelled':
However, if a particular failure is caused by operation or maintenance other than
is shown in the Operator Manual, THAT failure may not be covered under warrant)!. This includes service work performed by the customer, especially the critical
adjustments to ignition, timing, carburation and oil injection/or oil mixture.
0: Would you give some examples of abnormal use or strain, neglect or abuse?
A: These terms are general and overlap each other in areas. Some specific examples may include: running the machine out of 01/, chain fa1lure caused by a lack
of lubrication, operating the machine with a broken or damaged part which causes
another part to fa1/, and so on. If you have any specific questions on operation or
maintenance, please contact your dealer for advice.
6 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
0: What costs are my responsibility during the warranty period?
A: The customer's responsibility includes all costs of normal maintenance services, non-warranty repairs, acc1dents and collision damage, as well as oils, and
spark plugs, and incidental or consequential damages costs as explained in the
warranty.
0: Are "Genuine" Bombardier replacement parts used in warranty repairs covered by
warranty?
A: Yes. When installed by an authorized dealer, any "genuine" Bombardier part
used in warranty repairs assumes the remaining warranty that exists on the machine.
0: If I sell my snowmobile within the warranty period, will the new owner qualify for
the balance of the warranty?
A: Yes, prov1ded the unit has already been registered with the manufacturer. Note
that the change of ownership card in this manual should be completed and sent
to Bombardier Inc.
0: How can I receive the best owner assistance?
A: The satisfaction and goodwill of the owners of Bombardier products are of primary concern to your dealer and Bombardier Inc. Normally, any problems that arise
in connection with the sales transaction or the operation of your snowmobile will
be handled by your Dealers Sales or Service Departments. It is recognized, however,
that despite the best intentions of everyone concerned, misunderstandings will
sometimes occur. If you have a problem that has not been handled to your satisfaction through normal channels, we suggest that you discuss your problem with
a member of dealership management. Frequently, complaints are the result of a
breakdown in communications and can quickly be resolved by a member of the
dealership management. If the problem already has been reviewed with the Sales
Manager or Service Manager, contact the Dealer himself or the General Manager.
--------------------------- 7
LISTING OF AREA
DISTRIBUTORS-----------CANADIAN DISTRIBUTORS
AMERICAN DISTRIBUTORS
Quebec Branch
1350 Nobel
Boucherville (Quebec) J4B 1A1
(514) 655-6121
Province of Quebec
BOMBARDIER CORPORATION
All States (excluding Alaska)
SERVICE OFFICES
- East Main Street Road
Malone, New York 12953
(518) 483-4411
Ontario Branch
230 Bayview Drive
Barrie !Ontario) L4N 4Y8
(705) 728-8600
Province of Ontario
Technical office
P.O. Box 7060
Riverview (New Brunswick) E1B 1 VO
(506) 386-6117
Atlantic Region
BROOKS EQUIPMENT LIMITED
1 61 6 King, Edward Street
P.O. Box 985
Winnipeg (Manitoba) R3C 2V8
1204) 633-7247
British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan,
Alberta, Yukon
CHARLES R. BELL LIMITED
Newfoundland, Labrador
Offices
- Riverside Drive
P.O. Box 1050
Corner Brook (Newfoundland) A2H 6J3
(709) 634-3533
Technical office
(506) 386-6117
- 4505 West Superior Street
P.O. Box 6106
Duluth, Minnesota 55816-016
1218) 628-2881
- P.O. Box 1569
Idaho Falls, Idaho, 83403
(208) 529-9510
NATIONAL SALES OFFICE
- 0' Hare Lake Plaza
2350 Devon Avenue
Suite 150
Des Plaines, Illinois 60018
1312) 298-9540
MILLER EQUIPMENT AND RECREATIONAL
CENTER
1049 Whitney Road
Anchorage, Alaska 99501
(907) 274-9513
Alaska
- 81 Kenmount Road
P.O. Box 8127
St-John's (Newfoundland) A 1 B 3N 1
(709) 722-6700
HUDSON'S BAY CO. LTD
165 Hymus Blvd
Pointe-Claire (Quebec) H9R 1G2
1514) 697-8500
North-West Territories, Franklin District &
Keewatin
8 --------------
HOW TO IDENTIFY
YOUR SNOWMOBILE----------The main components of your snowmobile (engine, track and frame) are identified by
different serial numbers. It may sometimes become necessary to locate these numbers for warranty purposes or to trace your snowmobile in the event of theft.
A009005002
A019000001
Vehicle serial number meaning:
0000 00000
---rModel no
Vehicle no
A000000013
0
NOTE: We strongly recommend that you take note of all the serial numbers
on your vehicle and supply them to your insurance company. It will surely help
in the event a snowmobile is stolen.
---------------------------- 9
CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS
A
B
~~1-..1...-~---c
~...J....._____J.__ _
0
~'-------L---
G
\----4l!J.4=j'------
Q
L.....::::~~=--U--!----P
Q
A)
8)
C)
D)
E)
F)
G)
H)
I)
H
Throttle lever
Brake lever
Ignition switch
Head/amp dimmer switch
Emergency cut-out switch
Tether cut-out switch
Rewind starter handle
Primer
Adjustable steering handle
J)
K)
L)
M)
N)
0)
P)
0)
Speedometer
Tachometer
Electric fuel level gauge
Injection oil level pilot lamp (red)
High beam ptlot lamp (blue)
Hot grip switch
Tank cap
Hood opening
A019007002
A) Throttle Lever
B) Brake Lever
Located on the right side of handlebar.
When compressed, it controls the engine
speed and the engagement of the transmission. When released, engine speed
returns automatically to idle.
Located on the left side of handlebar.
When compressed, the brake is applied.
When released, it automatically returns
to its original position. Braking effect is
proportionate to the pressure applied on
the lever and to the type of terrain and
its snow coverage.
10 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
C) Ignition Switch
0) Headlamp Dimmer Switch
The lights are automatically ON whenever the engine is running.
The dimmer switch allows correct selection of headlamp beam. To obtain high
or low beam simply flick switch.
Manual Starting
E) Emergency Cut-Out Switch
OFF
A002007002
CB
-ON
-NOT IN
USE
To stop the engine in an emergency, push
the button to the lower off position and
simultaneously apply the brakes. To start
engine, button must be at the upper on
position.
+OFF
Key operated, 3 position switch. To start
the engine, first turn the key clockwise
to ON position. To stop the engine, turn
the key counter-clockwise to OFF position.
The 3rd position is not in use.
Upper position
before starting
Electric Starting
Lower position
to stop engine
A017006004
OFF
A002007002
CB
-
ON
-START
Key, operated, 3 position switch. To start
engine, turn key fully clockwise to START
position and hold. Return key to ON position immediately when engine has started. To stop engine, turn key counterclockwise to OFF position.
The driver of this vehicle should familiarize
himself with the function of this device
by using it several times on first outing.
Thereby being mentally prepared for emergency situations requiring its use.
WARNING: For safety reasons, the
emergency cut-out switch is ea•
sily accessible; be careful not to operate it inadvertently.
WARNING: If the switch has been
•
used in an emergency situation
the source of malfunction should be determined and corrected before restarting
engine.
, . , CAUTION: Holding key in START
T position when engine has started
could damage starter mechanism.
11
F) Tether Cut-Out Switch
J) Speedometer
Attach tether cord to wrist or other convenient location of the driver's clothing.
Snap tether cut-out cap over receptacle
before starting engine.
The speedometer is linked directly to the
drive axle. Direct-reading dial indicates the
speed of the vehicle. Odometer records
the total distance travelled in kilometers.
If emergency engine "shut off" is required, completely pull cap from safety
switch and engine power will be automatically shut "off".
0
NOTE: The cap must be installed
on the safety switch at all times in
order to operate the vehicle.
WARNING: If the switch is used
in an emergency situation the sour•
ce of malfunction should be determined
and corrected before restarting engine.
G) Rewind Starter Handle
Auto rewind type located on right hand
side of vehicle. To engage mechanism,
pull handle.
H) Primer
Pull and push button (2-3 times) to activate primer. The primer should always
be used for cold engine starts. When engine is warm however, it is not necessary
to use primer when starting.
I) Adjustable Steering Handle
- Remove steering pad.
- Loosen the four (4) retaining screws.
- Adjust the handle to the desired position.
K) Tachometer
The tachometer registers the impulses of
magneto. Direct-reading dial indicates the
number of revolutions per minute (RPM)
of the engine.
"W' CAUTION: The tachometer is proT tected by a fuse, if tachometer
stops operating check fuse condition
and if necessary replace. The fuse is
0.1 amp. Do not use a higher rated fuse
as this can cause severe damage to the
tachometer.
L) Electric Fuel Level Gauge
The electric fuel gauge is located in the
dashboard and allows driver to observe
the fuel level while riding the snowmobile.
M) Injection Oil Level Pilot
Lamp (Red)
Will light up when injection oil level is low.
Check level and replenish as soon as possible.
"W' CAUTION: Do not run engine un-
T til it is out of oil. Serious engine
damage will occur.
Whenever brake lever is compressed, oil
level pilot lamp should light up. If not, replace lamp.
WARNING: Do not adjust too high
•
as the brake lever may contact
the windshield when turning.
- Lock the steering handle in place by
tightening the four (4) retaining screws
to 26 N•m (19 lbf•ft).
- Reinstall steering pad.
N) High Beam Pilot Lamp
(Blue)
Lights up when headlamp is on high
beam.
12 --------------------------
0) Hot Grip Switch
The 3 position toggle switch is located
in dashboard underneath pilot lamps. Select the desired position to keep hands at
a comfortable temperature.
OFF
WARM
HOT
WARNING: It is dangerous to run
an engine with the hood open, un•
fastened or removed.
Seat Belt
(Escapade only)
Located on middle of seat. Provide a grip
for the rear passenger.
Tool Box
Located under the hood. To gain access,
tilt hood. Ideal location for spare plugs,
rope, first aid kit, flashlight, etc.
A019007003
Fuse Holders
Starter (electric starting)
P) Tank Cap
Unscrew to fill up tank then fully tighten.
•
WARNING: Never use a lit match
or open flame to check fuel level.
Starting system is protected with a 30
amperes rated fuse. Fuse holder is located
near the starter. If starter does not operate, check fuse condition and if necessary replace.
Q) Hood Opening
Tachometer
Pull down the latches to unlock the hood
from the anchor.
The tachometer is protected with 0.1 ampere rated fuse. Fuse holder is located
under the hood behind the tachometer.
If it stops operating, check fuse condition and replace if necessary.
0
NOTE: Always lift hood gently up
until stopped by restraining device.
13
BREAK-IN PERIOD
Engine
Belt
With Bombardier-Rotax snowmobile engines, a break-in period is required before running the vehicle at full throttle.
Engine's manufacturer recommendation
is 10 to 15 operating hours. During this
period, maximum throttle should not exceed 3/4, however, brief full acceleration
and speed variations contribute to a good
break-in. Continued wide open throttle
accelerations, prolonged cruising speeds,
and lugging are detrimental during the
break-in period.
NOTE: To assure additional protection during the initial engine breakin, 500 ml (18 imp. oz) of BLIZZARD OIL
should be added to gas for the first full
gas tank filling.
A new drive belt requires a break-in period of 25 km (15 miles).
0
'W' CAUTION: Remove and clean spark
T plugs after engine break-in.
1 0-Hour Inspection
As with any precision piece of mechanical
equipment, we suggest that after the first
10 hours of operation or 30 days after the
purchase, whichever comes first, your vehicle be checked by your dealer. This inspection will give you the opportunity to
discuss the unanswered questions you
may have encountered during the first
hours of operation. Remember that it is
easier to remedy at this time than to allow the snowmobile to operate until a
possible failure occurs.
The 10 hour inspection is at the expense of the vehicle owner.
14 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10-HOUR INSPECTION CHECKLIST
.I
Engine timing
Fan belt tension
Spark plugs condition: (Remove and clean)
Carburetor adjustment
Oil injection pump adjustment
Engine head nuts
Engine mount nuts
Muffler attachment
Chaincase oil level
Injection system oil level
Brake operation and lining condition
Ski alignment (runner condition)
Handlebar bolts, retorque to 26 N•m (19 lbf•ftl
Pulley alignment and drive belt condition
Track condition, tension and alignment
Lubrication (steering, suspension, drive axle)
Electrical wiring (loose connections, stripped wires, damaged insulationl. tighten all loose bolts, nuts and linkage
Operation of lighting system (HI I LO beam, brake light, etc.), test
operation of emergency cut-out switch and tether switch
Battery electrolyte level (electric starting)
We recommend that you have your dealer sign this inspection list.
Date of 10 hour inspection
Dealer signature
---------------------------- 15
GAS & OIL
Recommended Gasoline
Oil Injection System
Use regular leaded or unleaded gasoline
available from all service stations.
Always maintain a sufficient amount of
Bombardier Snowmobile injection oil in
the injection oil tank.
,.,. CAUTION: Never experiment with
T different fuel, never use naphtha,
methanol, gasohol or similar products .
WARNING: Never "top up" the
gas tank before placing the vehi•
cle in a warm area. At certain temperatures, gasoline will expand and overflow. Always wipe off any gasoline spillage from the snowmobile.
Recommended Oil
Use "Bombardier Snowmobile Injection
Oil" (P/N 496 0133 00- 1 liter) available
from the dealer. This type of oil will flow
at temperatures as low as minus 40°C
(-40°F).
If "Bombardier Snowmobile Injection Oil"
is unavailable, substitute with BLIZZARD
OIL. (P/N 496 0135 00- 500 ml).
,.,- CAUTION: Never use outboard or
T straight mineral oils.
,.,-CAUTION: Check level and refill
T every time you refuel. Do not overfill.
0
NOTE: To assure additional protection during the initial engine breakin, 500 ml (18 imp. oz) of BLIZZARD OIL
should be added to gas for the first full
gas tank filling.
PRE-START CHECK _ _ _ _ _ __
Check Points
• Check injection oil level.
• ACTIVATE THE THROTTLE CONTROL
LEVER SEVERAL TIMES to check that
it operates easily and smoothly. The
throttle control lever must return to
idle position when released.
• Check gas level.
• Check that the skis and the track are
not frozen to the ground or snow surface and that steering operates freely.
• Activate the brake control lever and
make sure the brake fully applies before the brake control lever touches
the handlebar grip.
16 _________________________
• Verify that the path ahead of the vehicle is clear of bystanders and obstacles.
WARNING: Only start the snow•
mobile once all components are
checked and functioning properly.
STARTING
PROCEDURE ___________________________
Test throttle control lever.
Check that the emergency cut-out switch
is in the ON position.
.,.,. CAUTION: To avoid starter overT heating, the cranking period should
never exceed 30 seconds and a rest period should be observed between the
cranking cycles to let starter cool down.
Release key immediately when engine
has started. If engine does not start on
first try, key must be turned fully back to
OFF each time.
•
A017ooaoo4
Upper position
before starting engine
Ensure the tether cut-out cap is in position and that the cord is attached to the
clothing.
Activate the primer (2 or 3 times).
0
NOTE: The use of the primer is not
necessary when the engine is warm.
Manual Starting
Insert the key in the ignition and turn to
ON position.
Grasp manual starter handle firmly and
pull slowly until a resistance is felt then
pull vigorously. Slowly release the rewind
starter handle .
•
WARNING: Do not apply throttle
while starting.
0
NOTE: If for some reason the vehicle cannot be started electrically,
place ignition key to ON position and start
engine manually.
Before Riding
Check operation of the emergency cutout switch, and tether switch. Restart
engine.
WARNING: lfenginedoesnotshutoff when applying the emergency
•
cut-out switch and or when pulling the
tether cut-out cap, stop the engine by
turning off the ignition key. Do not operate the vehicle further, see the dealer.
Allow the engine to warm before operating at full throttle.
WARNING: Do not apply throttle
while starting.
Electric Starting
.,.,. CAUTION: Never operate your
T snowmobile with the battery removed or disconnected. Since the battery reduces voltage fluctuations, operating vehicle without battery might
cause instrument or bulb failure.
Turn ignition key clockwise until starter
engages.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17
Emergency Starting
Should the rewind starter rope fray and
break, the engine can be started with an
emergency starter rope supplied with the
tool kit.
0
NOTE: The spark plug socket can
be used as an emergency starter
grip.
•
WARNING: Do not wind starting
rope around your hand. Hold rope
by the handle only.
A019003001
A003003016
Start engine as per usual manual starting .
A007003030
WARNING: Do not start the vehicle by the drive pulley unless it
•
is a true emergency situation. Have the
vehicle repaired as soon as possible.
Attach emergency rope to any available
handle and to the starter clip supplied in
the tool box. Wind the rope thightly around
drive pulley.
18 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
WARNING: When starting the vehicle in an emergency situation
•
by the drive pulley, do not reinstall the
belt guard .
LUBRICATION
0
NOTE: When lubricating grease fittings, grease until grease appears
at joints. Always use low temperature
grease (P/N 413 7061 00) .
A000000007
Frequency
Routine maintenance is necessary for all
mechanized products, and the snowmobile is no exception. A weekly vehicle inspection contributes to the life span of
the snowmobile as well as retains safe
and dependable operation.
It is recommended that the steering system and suspension be lubricated monthly or every 40 hours of operation. If the
vehicle is operated in wet snow or in severe conditions these items should be lubricated more frequently.
WARNING: Only perform such procedures as detailed in this manu•
al. It is recommended that dealer assistance be periodically obtained on other
components/systems not covered in
this manual. Unless otherwise specified, engine should be turned OFF for
all lubrication and maintenance procedures .
WARNING: Do not lubricate throttle and/or brake cables and hous•
ings.
Steering Mechanism
Oil ball joints and steering column bushings.
A019006001
19
The following lubrication points have to
be performed on LH & RH sides:
- Lubricate ski leg shaft from inside of
hood.
Drive Axle
Lubricate at grease fitting using low temperature grease.
...
- Unhook ski leg boot spring and raise
boot to gain access.
- Lubricate ski pivot and ski leg lower
bushing.
...
A009003010
1lllr CAUTION: When
lubricating the
drive axle bearing, do not apply
excessive grease as the seal will be
pushed out of its housing. Check seal
posi!ion with finger.
T
'-....
A019006003
I''
- Reinstall boot and secure the spring.
- Coat stabilizer bar bushing with grease.
20 _________________________
Slide Suspension
Chaincase Oil Level
Lubricate the following parts at grease
fittings until grease appears at joints. Use
low temperature grease only.
Using the spark plug socket, remove the
filler cap then using a rigid wire as a "dipstick" check oil level. The oil level on the
"dipstick" should be 50-65 mm (2" to
2 1/2"). Refill as required using Bombardier chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00200 ml).
Front upper cross shaft.
Front lower cross shaft.
A009003011
0
NOTE: The chaincase oil capacity
is approximately 200 ml (7 oz).
Oil Injection System
Always maintain a sufficient amount of
Bombardier Snowmobile Injection Oil in
the injection oil tank.
Rear cross shaft.
-,.,.CAUTION: Check level and refill
T every time you refuel. Do not overfill.
-------------------------- 21
MAINTENANCE
The following Maintenance Chart indicates regular servicing schedules to be
performed by the owner of the servicing
dealer. If these services are performed as
suggested, the snowmobile will provide
many years of low-cost use.
MAINTENANCE
CHART
WARNING: Only perform such procedures as detailed in this manual.
•
It is recommended that dealer assistance be periodically obtained on other
components/systems not covered in this
manual. Unless otherwise specified, engine should be turned OFF for all lubrication and maintenance procedures .
.E
.E
0
0
0
"'=
>i::"E
::!20>~
~a;o
:s:~<t
ON
"'
-'=' i::" E
..c.,..,
§~o
~~o
coo
Q)
Cl
:o E ==~ ::-.., E
"'c.
B
Q)~o8
UQ)Oo
~
OoM-
c:
C,_NN
Q)
Carburetor adjustment
0
NOTE: The ten hour inspection is a very important part of proper service and
mamtenance.
22 __________________________
Belt Guard Removal
WARNING: Engine should be running only when belt guard is se•
cured in place.
1. Tilt the hood.
2. Pull out both retaining pins.
4. Slip slackened belt over the top edge
of the sliding half.
3. Lift and remove the belt guard assembly.
Drive Belt Removal and
Installation
WARNING: Never start or run engine without the drive belt install•
ed. Running an unloaded engine is dangerous.
1. Remove the belt guard.
A004003008
5. Slip the belt out from the drive pulley
and remove completely from vehicle.
2. Unlock and raise driven pulley support.
Driven pulley
support
A004003006
3. Open the driven pulley by twisting and
pushing the sliding half. Hold in fully
open position.
A004003009
To install the drive belt, reverse the procedure, however pay attention to the following.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - 23
The maximum drive belt life span is obtained when the belt has the proper rotation direction. Install it so the printed
information on the belt is in the way to
be read when standing face to pulleys.
CORRECT
..
-:.
"'•'•''·' ''AI'A"-H "'
·
1
Identification
STANDING FACE TO PULLEYS
A001003002
INCORRECT
Check the drive belt width. If less than
32 mm (1 1/4 in), replace the drive belt.
New Drive Belt
When installing a new drive belt, breakin period of 25 km (15 miles) is strongly
recommended.
0
NOTE: Always store a spare belt in
a manner to allow its natural shape
to be maintained .
Brake Condition
The brake mechanism on the snowmobile is an essential safety device. Keep
this mechanism in proper working condition. Above all, do not operate the snowmobile without an effective brake system .
WARNING: Brake pads less than
3 mm (1/8") thick must be replac•
ed. Replacement must be performed by
an authorized dealer.
A001003003
-.r CAUTION:
Do not force or use
tools to pry the belt into place, as
this could cut or break the cords in the
belt.
T
Drive Belt Condition
Inspect belt for cracks, fraying or abnormal wear (uneven wear, wear on one side,
missing cogs, cracked fabric). If abnormal
wear is noted, probable cause could be
pulley misalignment, excessive R.PM. with
frozen track, fast starts without warm-up
period, burred sheave, oil on belt or distorted spare belt. Contact the dealer.
24 __________________________
A009003013
Brake pads
3 mm (118") MINIMUM
thickness
Brake Adjustment
The brake mechanism is a self-adjusting
type. If a quicker brake response is desired, strongly pull the brake lever several
times, this will actuate the self adjusting
mechanism.
Fouled
(black)
Overheated
(light grey)
A000004010
Strongly pull
Normal
(brownish)
~CAUTION:
A008006002
If spark plug condition
is not ideal, contact your authorized dealer.
T
After the adjustment, brake should apply
fully when lever is approximatively 13 mm
( 112") from handlebar grip. If not, do not
tamper with the brake, contact the dealer.
Check spark plug gap using a wire feeler
gauge.
Reinstall spark plugs and connect wires.
Battery
(Electric Starting)
13 mm (112")
approx.
Check electrolyte level weekly. Electrolyte level must be at upper level line on
battery casing.
A008006002
Spark Plugs
Disconnect the spark plug wires and remove the spark plugs.
Check the condition of the plugs.
Maximum levei...LJ..J........,.__
Minimum level
• A brownish tip reflects ideal conditions. Carburetor adjustments, spark
plug heat range, etc., are correct).
• A black insulator tip indicates fouling
caused by: carburetor idle speed mixture and/or high speed mixture too
rich, incorrect fuel mixture ratio, wrong
type of spark plug (heat range), or excessive idling.
• A light grey insulator tip indicates a
lean mixture caused by: carburetor
high speed mixture adjusted too lean,
wrong spark plug heat range, incorrect fuel mixture ratio, or a leaking seal
or gasket.
A009004011
If necessary add distilled water. Battery
connections must also be free of corrosion. If clroaning is necessary remove corrosion using a stiff brush then clean with
a solution of baking soda and water. Rinse and dry well.
~CAUTION: Do not allow cleaning
T solution to enter battery. It will
destroy the chemical properties of the
electrolyte.
--------------------------- 25
After reconnecting battery, coat battery
terminals and connectors with petroleum
jelly to prevent corrosion. Check that battery is well secured and that battery vent
tube is not kinked or blocked.
Suspension Adjustment
Front Suspension
The preload of front suspension shock
absorber spring can be adjusted as follows:
POSITION
WARNING: Vent tube must be
free and open. If not, it will re•
strict ventilation and create a gas accumulation that could result in an explosion. Avoid skin contact with electrolyte.
CONDITION
Lowest
Soft riding, smooth trail
Middle
Normal riding
Highest
Hard surface
Unhook ski leg boot spring and raise boot
to gain access.
To adjust, use special key supplied in the
tool box and turn spring collar accordingly.
'W' CAUTION: Prior to charging the
T battery, always remove it from
the vehicle to prevent electrolyte spillage.
A019001001
0
NOTE: Always keep battery fully
charged. (To charge, refer to "Battery" in "Storage" section).
Suspension Condition
Visually inspect all suspension components including slider shoes, springs,
wheels, etc.
0
NOTE: During normal driving, snow
will act as a lubricant and coolant
for the slider shoes. Extensive riding on
ice or sanded snow, will create excessive
heat build-up and cause premature slider
shoe wear.
Stopper Strap Condition
Inspect strap for wear and cracks, bolt
and nut for tightness. If loose inspect
holes for deformation, replace as required. Torque nut to 10 N•m (89 lbf•in).
26 __________________________
A019005003
Reinstall boot and secure the spring.
Rear Suspension
ADJUSTER BLOCKS &
SHOCK ABSORBER SPRINGS
The rear suspension is adjustable. The
front adjuster blocks for surface condition, the rear shock absorber springs for
driver's weight. Use special keys supplied in tool box.
ADJUSTER BLOCKS
Use this key to adjust
0
NOTE: For deep snow condition or
hill climbing, it is recommended to
place the front adjuster blocks on the
lowest position and set stopper strap to
the shortest position.
.._,CAUTION: Always turn the left
T side adjuster blocks in a clockwise direction, the right side blocks in
a counter-clockwise direction. Left and
right adjuster blocks of each adjustment must always be set at the same
elevation.
SHOCK ABSORBER SPRINGS
Use this key to adjust.
A019001002
When the front adjuster blocks are at the
lowest elevation more weight is distributed on the skis.
A019001001
Adjuster blocks
Driver's weight
The preload of shock absorber springs
can be adjusted as follow:
POSITION
DRIVER'S WEIGHT
kg (lb)
FROM
UP TO
Lowest
-
68 (150)
Middle
68 (150)
82 (180)
Highest
82 (180)
-
To adjust, turn spring collar accordingly.
A019000002
A021005001
At the highest position the weight is transferred from the skis to the track.
Driver's weight
Surface condition
A019000002
- - - - - - - - - - - - - 27
STOPPER STRAP
Track Tension and Alignment
The function of the suspension stopper
strap is to control the transfer of vehicle
weight during acceleration. The longer
the belt, the more the weight will be transferred to the track to provide a better traction. The shorter the belt, the lesser the
weight transferred to the track, thus maintaining a more positive direction. Adjusting holes on the stopper strap allow to
adjust it according to drivers' requirements, field and or snow conditions.
Tension
Lift the rear of vehicle and support with
a mechanical stand. Allow the slide to
extend normally. The gap should be 13
mm (112") between the slider shoe and
the bottom inside of the track. If the track
tension is too loose, the track will have
a tendency to thump.
For normal use, insert bolt through strap
holes as shown:
Torque to 10 N•m (89 lbf•inl
A019000002
(13 mm (lt2")
"1llr CAUTION: Too much tension will
T result in power loss and excessive
stresses on suspension components.
If necessary to adjust; loosen the rear
idler wheel retaining screw and the adjuster bolt lock nut; then loosen or tighten the adjuster bolts located on the inner
side of the rear idler wheels. If correct tension is unattainable, contact the dealer.
•
WARNING: Always torque the nut
to 10 N•m (891bf•in).
Track Condition
Lift the rear of the vehicle and support
it off the ground. With the engine OFF,
rotate the track by hand, and inspect condition. If worn or cut, or if track fibers are
exposed, or if missing or defective inserts
or guides are noted; contact the dealer.
WARNING: Do not operate a snowmobile with a cut, torn or dam•
aged track.
A019005005
28 ________________________
Adjuster bolt
0
NOTE: Track tension and alignment
are inter-related. Do not adjust one
without the other.
Alignment
Start the engine and accelerate slightly
so that track turns slowly. Check that the
track is well centered; equal distance on
both sides between edges of track guides
and slider shoes.
A019005005
WARNING: Before checking track
alignment, ensure that the track
•
is free of all particles which could be
thrown out while track is rotating. Keep
hands, tools, feet and clothing clear of
track. Ensure no-one is standing in close
proximity to the vehicle.
To correct, stop the engine, loosen the
rear idler wheels retaining screws then
loosen the lock nuts and tighten the adjuster bolt on side where the slider shoe
is the farthest to the track insert guides.
Tighten lock nuts and the idler wheel retaining screws.
Restart engine, rotate track slowly and
recheck alignment.
Drive Pulley
These vehicles are equipped with the latest in snowmobile transmission system.
The TRA drive pulley (Total Range Adjustable). This pulley includes three (3) calibration screws that provide the opportunity to perform minor adjustments to the
clutch in order to keep the engine at it's
peak power R.PM., thereby maintaining
optimal vehicle performance.
The clutch is factory adjusted position
three (3) to provide the best performance
under most riding conditions at sea level.
However certain conditions, such as deep
snow, high altitude, pulling a load, etc.
may allow the engine to run below it's
peak power R.PM. at wide open throttle
thus decreasing the vehicle performance.
Should such conditions be encountered
the calibration screws can then be reset
to allow the engine to operate at it's peak
power R.PM. (given in technical data as
max. HP R.P.M.).
The adjustment may be set at any one
of six (6) positions, numbered from 1 to
6. Note that for casting purposes numeral one (1) appears as a dot. Each of these
positions provides an increase or a decrease, in numerical order, of the engine
speed by approximately 200 R.P.M.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - 29
Example:
0
(vehicle at sea level during full accel~r­
ation in normal conditions).
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW
Position no 2
Position no 3
Position no 4
ENGINE SPEED
6800 R.P.M.
7000 R.P.M.
(standard position)
7200 R.P.M.
Positions two (2) and four (4) allow the
engine to run below or above it's power
peak. Reducing vehicle performance.
0
NOTE: One must bear in mind that
the purpose of these calibration
screws is to maintain the engine R.P.M.
at it's peak power, a lower or upper speed
will actually result in less vehicle performance.
The point of maximum power, in the 1987
Stratos/Escapade occurs at about 7000
R.P.M. while the maximum permissible
engine speed (red line) is 7500 R.P.M.
Adjustment Procedure
To change the calibration screw position;
back off its locking nut and change the
position of the calibration screw head.
The notch on the screw head must be
aligned with the desired numeral position.
See illustration.
.,.,. CAUTION: Back off the calibration
T screw locking nut only far enough
to allow a change of position of the
screw head. Never attempt to remove
the locking nut or the calibration screw.
Make sure the adjustment is set at the
same position for all three (3) screws .
•
Steering Mechanism
Inspect the steering mechanism for tightness of components (steering arms, tie
rods, ball joints, spring coupler bolts, etc.).
If necessary, replace or retighten.
WARNING: Check the condition
of the skis and the ski runners.
•
Replace if more than half worn.
Steering Adjustment
Skis should have a toe out of 3 mm (1/8").
To check, measure the distance between
each ski at the front and rear of the ski.
The front distance should be 3 mm (1/8")
more than the rear when the handlebar
is horizontal.
IMPORTANT: Close the front of the skis
manually to eliminate all slack from the
steering mechanism.
WARNING: Always retorque locking nut to 10 N•m (89 lbf•in).
A019006001
30 _________________________
If adjustment is required:
Muffler Attachment
Loosen the lock nuts of the longest tie
rod. Turn the tie rod manually until the
skis are properly aligned. Firmly retighten
the lock nuts.
The engine/exhaust system parts are vital
toward efficient muffler function. Check
all attachments. Replace the springs and/
or tighten if necessary.
The handlebar should also be horizontal
when the skis are pointed toward the
front.
, . , CAUTION: Do not operate vehicle
... with muffler disconnected otherwise serious engine damage will occur.
To adjust:
Engine Head Nuts
Loosen the lock nuts of the shortest tie
rod. Turn the tie rod manually until the
handlebar is horizontal. Retighten the lock
nuts firmly.
With the ENGINE COLD, check that the
engine head nuts are tight and equally
torqued to 21 N•m (15 lbf•ft).
WARNING: The ball joint socket
•
must run parallel with the steering arm. The socket must be restrained
when tightening the tie rod end lock
nuts.
Respect tightening sequence as follow:
(Typical)
A007002002
IMPORTANT: The engine head nut torque should be checked after the first 5
hours of operation.
A019006005
(Typical)
Restrain
Tighten
Engine Mount Nuts
Check the engine mount nuts for tightness. Retighten if necessary.
-------------------------31
'W' CAUTION: An obstructed injecT tion oil filter will cause oil starva-
Carburetor Adjustment
'W' CAUTION: Never operate your
T snowmobile with the air intake
silencer disconnected. Serious engine
damage will occur if this notice is disregarded.
tion resulting in serious engine damage.
0
NOTE: After a storage period, it is
important that the dealer replace
the injection oil filter and that the oil flow
of the injection pump be checked.
Injection Pump Adjustment
A
Proper oil injection pump adjustment is
very important. Any delay in the opening
of the pump can result in serious engine
damage.
'W' CAUTION: The carburetor must
T be adjusted before adjusting the
oil injection pump. Make sure idle speed
is 1800-2000 R.P.M.
A) Air Screw Adjustment
Completely close the air screw (until a
slight reseating resistance is felt) then
back off screw: 1 1/4 turn.
8) Idle Speed Adjustment
Turn the idle speed screw clockwise until it contacts the throttle slide then continue turning two (2) additional turns.
This will provide a preliminary idle speed
setting. Start engine and allow it to warm
then adjust idle speed to 1800-2000
R.PM. by turning idle speed screw clockwise or counter-clockwise.
'W' CAUTION: Make sure both carT buretors start to operate simultaneously.
To check adjustment: eliminate the throttle cable free-play by pressing the throttle
lever until a light resistance is felt then
hold in place. The aligning marks on the
pump casting and lever must align perfectly. If not, contact the dealer.
'W' CA~TION: Do not attempt to set
T the 1dle speed by using the air
screw. Severe engine damage can occur. If idle speed is unattainable contact the dealer.
Oil Injection System
Injection Oil Filter Condition
Inspect oil filter at least once a month.
Insure that filter is not obstructed by foreign particles; if so, see the dealer.
0
32 ________________________
NOTE: Injection pump should be
adjusted by the dealer.
Fan Belt
Headlamp center line
c:ex
Inspect belt for cracks, uneven wear, etc.
Check fan belt tension a 9-10 mm (3/8")
deflection should exist.
t TI
!oo--.,rt
14 7.6 m (25'1 ~~
tc~~
50 mm (2"1
Below headlamp center
A002004010
Light beam (high beam
projected on the wall)
If belt seems damaged or if tension is incorrect, contact the dealer immediately.
WARNING: If fan protector is removed, always reinstall after ser•
vicing.
50 mm (2"1
Light beam center
A002004007
Headlamp Beam Aiming
The angle of the head lamp beam has been
pre-adjusted prior to delivery. Should a readjustment is necessary, place the vehicle
on a flat surface 7.6 m (25') from a wall
or screen.
To adjust, remove the four caps, turn upper or lower adjusting screws to obtain
desired beam position.
r - - - - Adjusting-----,
screw
With the suspension correctly adjusted,
the rider seated on the vehicle and the
high beam ON check that the center of
high intensity zone of high beam is 50
mm (2") below horizontal line of headlamp height.
,___ _ _ Adjusting _ ____.
screw
A007004002
-------------------------33
Bulb Replacement
If taillight bulb is burnt, expose the bulb
by removing the red plastic lens. To remove, unfasten the two (2) screws.
If the headlamp bulb is burnt, tilt hood,
unplug the connector from the head lamp.
Remove the rubber boot and unfasten
bulb retainer clips. Detach the bulb and
replace.
Retainer~'
0
clips
\
~
•
WARNING: Always check light operation after bulb replacement.
General Inspection
Check the electrical wiring and components, retighten loose connections. Check
for stripped wires or damaged insulation.
Thoroughly inspect the vehicle and tighten loose bolts, nuts and linkage. Inspect
skis and ski runners for wear.
STORAGE
It is during summer, or when a vehicle is
not in use for any length of time that proper storage is a necessity. Storage of the
snowmobile during long period of inactivity consists of checking and replacing
missing, broken or worn parts, proper
lubrication and treatment to insure that
parts do not become rusted; cleaning
items such as carburetor of oil mixtures,
to prevent gum varnish formation within
the carburetor; and in general, preparing
the vehicle so that when the time comes
to use the snowmobile again it will be in
top condition.
WARNING: Only perform such procedures as detailed in this manual.
•
It is recommended that dealer assistance be periodically obtained on other
components/systems not covered in
this manual. Unless otherwise specified, engine should be turned OFF. For
all lubrication and maintenance procedures.
Track
Inspect the track for wear, cuts, missing
track guides and broken rods. Make any
necessary replacement.
WARNING: Do not operate a snowmobile with a cut, torn or dam•
aged track.
Lift the rear of vehicle until track is clear
of the ground then support with a brace
or trestle. The snowmobile should be stored in such a way that the track does not
stay in contact with the cement floor or
bare ground .
0
NOTE: The track should be rotated
periodically, (every 40 days). Do not
release track tension.
W' CAUTION: To prevent track damT age, temperature in the storage
area must not exceed 38°C (100°F).
34 __________________________
To perform the storage procedures (engine and primer valve) proceed as follows:
Suspension
Remove any dirt or rust. Grease all components equipped with grease fittings.
Wipe off surplus. Replace worn slider
shoes.
1.
Lift the rear of the vehicle and support it off the ground.
WARNING: Ensure the track is free
of ails particles which could be
•
thrown out while it is rotating. Keep
hands, tools, feet and clothing clear of
track. Ensure no-one is standing in close
proximity to the vehicle.
Skis
Wash or brush all dirt or rust accumulation from the skis. Grease the ski legs
at the grease fittings.
WARNING: Check the condition
of the skis, ski runners and springs
•
Replace if weak or worn more than half.
Controls
Lubricate the steering mechanism. Inspect
all components for tightness, (spring coupler bolts, steering arm locking bolts, tie
rods, ball joints, etc.) Tighten if necessary.
Oil moving joints of the brake mechanism.
2.
Start the engine and allow it to run
at idle speed until the engine reaches
its operational temperature.
3.
Stop the engine.
4.
Disconnect the inlet primer hose from
the primer valve.
ygl
Inlet
WARNING: Do not lubricate the
•
throttle and/or brake cables and
housings. Avoid getting oil on the brake
pads.
(Oblique
Coat all electrical connections and switches with a greaseless metal protector.
If unavailable, use petroleum jelly.
Chaincase
Outlet
hose
Drain the chaincase and refill to proper
level, using fresh chain case oil (P/N 413
8019 00-200 ml). To drain, remove the
chaincase cover.
(Straight
coupling)
A002002009
5.
Plug inlet primer hose to prevent gasoline from draining.
6.
Using an appropriate hose, connect
one end of the hose to the inlet of
the primer valve and place the other
end in a Bombardier Snowmobile Injection Oil container.
Engine and Primer Lubrication
7.
Activate the primer in order to fill it
with oil.
Engine internal parts must be lubricated
to protect them from possible rust formation during the storage period.
8.
Restart engine and run at idle.
Drive Pulley
Inspection and cleaning must be performed by the dealer at the end of each season.
________________________ 35
9.
Using the primer valve, inject oil until the engine dies or until a sufficient
quantity of oil has entered the engine
(approximately 25 complete strokes
of the primer).
Reinstall plug.
Check all fuel lines, replace if necessary.
Battery
10. The engine stopped, remove the spark
plugs and pour approximately 85 ml
(3 imp. oz.) of oil into the cylinders.
(Electric Starting)
11. Crank the engine to allow the crank-
W' CAUTION: Be careful not to ground
T positive terminal with the chas-
shaft to turn 2 or 3 revolutions.
12. Reinstall the spark plugs and the inlet primer hose.
1.
Disconnect the battery cables and
remove the battery retainer cover.
sis. Always disconnect black negative
cable first.
Do not run engine during storage period.
Gas Tank and Carburetors
Remove the cap then using a syphon, remove the gasoline from tank .
WARNING: Gasoline is flammable and explosive under certain
•
conditions. Always manipulate in a well
ventilated area. Do not smoke or allow
open flames or sparks in the vicinity.
Carburetors must be dried out completely
to prevent gum formation during the storage period.
Once the fuel tank is emptied, remove
the float chamber drain plug from carburetors. Drain carburetors.
2.
3.
Remove the battery vent tube from
the vent hole.
Lift out the battery.
4.
Clean outside surface of battery with
solution of baking soda and water.
Remove all deposits from posts then
rinse with clear tap water.
.,.,. CAUTION: Do not allow cleaning
T solution to enter battery interior
since it will destroy the electrolyte.
5. Check electrolyte level. Refill if necessary with distilled water. Fully charge
battery at a maximum rate of 2.0 A.
A002002010
.,.,. CAUTION: Prior to charging the
T battery, always remove it from the
vehicle to prevent electrolyte spillage.
36 __________________________
WARNING: Gases given off by a
battery being charged are highly
•
explosive. Always charge in a well ventilated area. Keep battery away from
cigarettes or open flames. Avoid skin
contact with electrolyte.
Touch up all metal spots where paint has
been scratched off. Spray all bare metal
parts with metal protector. Wax the hood
and the painted portion of the frame for
better protection.
0
6.
Coat electrical connections and switches with a greaseless metal protector, if unavailable, use petroleum jelly.
NOTE: Apply wax on glossy finish
only. Protect the vehicle with a cover to prevent dust accumulation during
storage.
7.
Store unit in a cool, dry place.
"W' CAUTION:
0
NOTE: To prevent battery from discharging, store it on a wooden shelf
away from moisture. A stored battery must
be recharged at least every 40 days.
Chassis
Clean the vehicle thoroughly, removing
all dirt and grease accumulation.
"W' CAUTION: Plastic alloy com poT nents such as fuel tank, windshield, controls, etc., can be cleaned
using mild detergents or isopropyl alcohol. Do not use strong soaps, degreasing solvents, abrasive cleaners,
paint thinners, etc.
Inspect the hood and repair any damage.
Clean the frame. For the unpainted aluminum portion use only "Aluminum cleaner" and follow instructions on the container.
If for some reason the
snowmobile has to be stored outside it is necessary to cover it with an
opaque tarpaulin. This caution will prevent the sun rays and grime from affecting the plastic components and the
vehicle finish.
T
General Inspection
Check the electrical wiring and components, retighten loose connections. Check
for stripped wires or damaged insulation.
Thoroughly inspect the vehicle and tighten loose bolts, nuts and linkage.
0
NOTE: Leave the drive belt off the
pulleys for the entire storage pe-
riod.
Suspension Stopper Strap
Replace annually and/or as condition dictates. Torque nut to 10 N•m (89 lbf•in).
_________________________ 37
PRE-SEASON
PREPARATION-----------IMPORTANT: Observe all Warnings and
Cautions mentioned throughout this
manual which are pertinent to the item
being checked. When component conditions seem less than satisfactory, replace with genuine Bombardier parts or
suitable equivalents.
To simplify the pre-season preparation we
have drawn up a small chart. The chart
indicates servicing points to be performed
by you and your dealer. If these services
are performed as suggested, your vehicle
will give many hours of fun and low cost
use.
PRE-SEASON
PREPARATION CHART
TO BE PERFORMED BY DEALER
•
TO BE PERFORMED BY OWNER
0
Reinstall battery (electric starting)
Change spark plugs*
Check chaincase oil level
Replace fuel filter (located inside fuel tank)
Check track tension and alignment
Lubricate suspension
Inspect drive belt and install
Check steering alignment and ski runner condition
Inspect condition of starting rope
Check tightness of all bolts, nuts and linkage
Refill gas tank
Check throttle cable for damage and free operation
Check electrical wiring (broken wire, damaged insulation)
Inspect seals for possible cuts or leaks
Replace injection oil filter
Refill injection oil tank
Inspect brake condition and operation
Set engine timing
Check pulleys, verify components and clean. Lubricate
Adjust carburetors
Adjust oil injection pump
0T
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
0
*NOTE: Before installing new spark plugs, it is suggested to burn the excess
storage oil by starting the engine, using the old spark plugs.
CAUTION: Only perform this procedure in a well ventilated area.
38 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
TROUBLE SHOOTING
0
NOTE: The possible causes have been listed in an order of frequency. Therefore
items should be checked out in the same order as mentioned in the trouble
shooting guide.
SYMPTOMS
POSSIBLE CAUSES
SOLUTIONS
Engine turns over but
fails to start or starts
with difficulty
1. No fuel to the engine
Check the tank level and fill it up with correct
gas oil mixture. Check for possible clogging of
fuel line, item 4.
2. Flooded engine
Remove wet spark plugs, turn ignition to OFF
and crank engine several times. Install clean dry
spark plugs. Start engine following usual starting
procedure. If engine continues to flood, see your
dealer.
3. Spark plug/faulty ignition
Check that emergency cut·out switch is at the
upper position IONI and the tether cut-out switch
cap is snapped over the receptacle.
Check for fouled or defective spark plug. Disconnect spark plug wire, unscrew plug and remove
from cylinder head. Reconnect wire and ground
exposed plug on engine cowl, being careful to
hold away from spark plug hole. Follow engine
starting procedure and check for spark. If no
sparks appear, replace spark plug. If trouble persists, contact your dealer.
4. Clogged fuel line (water or
dirt)
5. Incorrect carburetor
Check condition and connections of fuel lines.
Check the cleanliness of fuel tank.
Contact your dealer.
adjustment
Engine will not turn
manually
6. Too much oil in fuel
See the dealer for oil injection pump adjustment.
7. Engine timing
Engine timing may be defective or out of adjustment. Contact your dealer.
8. Poor engine compression
Running with a lean fuel mixture may produce
excessive engine wear resulting in poor engine
compression. If this occurs, contact your dealer
at once.
1. Seized engine
In the case of a seized engine contact your
dealer.
39
SYMPTOMS
POSSIBLE CAUSES
SOLUTIONS
Engine lacks acceleration or power
1. Fouled or defective spark
plug
Check item 3 of "Engine turns over but fails
to start or starts with difficulty"
2. Clogged fuel line (water or
dirt)
Check fuel line condition. !See item 4 of "En·
gine turns over but fails to start or starts with
difficulty").
3. Carburetor
Contact your dealer.
4. Ignition
First check item 2 and 3 of "Engine turns over
but fails to start or starts with difficulty". If the
ignition system still seems faulty, contact your
dealer.
5. Engine
If unable to locate specific symptoms, contact
your dealer.
1. Spark plug
Check item 3 of "Engine turns over but fails to
start or starts with difficult(
2. Overheated
Carburetor too lean, see your dealer.
3. Engine timing incorrectly set
Contact your dealer.
1. Drive Belt
Check for damaged or worn drive belt. Replace
if necessary.
2. Incorrect track adjustment
Check track tension and alignment. Readjust to
specifications. !See Maintenance Section).
3. Engine
Check item 1 to 5 of "Engine lacks acceleration
or power':
4. Pulley misaligned
Contact your dealer.
Engine continually
backfires
Snowmobile cannot
reach full speed
40 _________________________
TOOLS
As standard equipment each new snowmobile is supplied with basic tools such
as screwdriver, wrenches, emergency
starter rope, etc.
Standard Tools
A
B
c
D
E
-
F
H
G
A. Screwdriver
B.
Socket 10/13 mm
c.
Open end wrench 10/13 mm
D. Socket wrench handle
E.
Starter rope
F.
Socket 21/26 mm
G. Hexagonal wrench
(adjuster blocks)
H. Starter grip
I. Shock absorber spring
collar adjustment key
J. Emergency starter clip
A001001016
--------------------------41
SPECIFICATIONS
Escapade
Stratos
ENGINE
503
2
72 mm (2.835")
61 mm (2.402")
496.7 cm3 (30.27 in3)
6.2:1
7000
PTO: VM 34-364
MAG: VM 34-365
Type
No of cylinders
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Compression ratio (corrected)
Maximum horsepower R.P.M.*
Carburetor type
Carburetor adjustment:
-air screw
- idle speed
Fan belt deflection
Torque:
- engine head nuts
- crankcase nuts
-
1 1/4 turn
1800-2000 R.P.M.
9-10 mm (3/8")
21 N•m (15 lbf•ft)
M6: 9 N•m (80 lbf•in)
M8: 21 N•m (15 lbf•ft)
M22: 85 N•m (63 lbf•ft)
magneto ring nut
M16: 65 N•m (48 lbf•ft)
fan nut
M10: 38 N•m (28 lbf•ft)
crankcase engine support nuts
M8: 21 N•m (15 lbf•ft)
exhaust manifold bolts
electrical starter bolts
M8: 21 N•m (15 lbf•ft)
N.A.
CHASSIS
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Ski stance (center to center)
Ski alignment (toe out)
Torque:
- steering column/handlebar
Weight
Bearing area
Ground pressure
280.9 em (111")
276.9 em (109")
105.9 em (41.7")
124.9 em (49.2")
81.9 em (32.25")
3 mm (1/8")
26 N•m (19 lbf•ft)
190.5 kg (420 lb)
7064 cm2 (1095 in2)
2.7 kPa (.383 lb/in2)
215.5 kg (475 lb)
7594 cm2 (1177 in2)
2.8 kPa (.404 lb/in2)
*The maximum horse power RPM is applicable with engine on the vehicle. It may be different under certain circumstances and Bombardier Inc. reserves the right to modify it without any obligation.
42
Escapade
Stratos
POWER TRAIN
Track:
-width
- length
- tension
-alignment
Standard gear ratio
Drive belt:
-number
-Max. width
-Min. width
Chaincase oil
41.9 em (16 1/2")
290 em (114")
315 em (124")
13 mm (1/2") gap between slider shoe and bottom inside of track.
Equal distance between edges of track guides and slider shoes.
19/39
414 6175
34.9 mm (1
31.7 mm (1
200 ml (7
00
v
w
3/8")
1/4")
oz)
ELECTRICAL
Lighting system (output)
Bulb:
- headlamp
- tail/stop
- speedometer
- tachometer
- electric fuel level gauge
Fuse:
- starter solenoid
- tachometer
Spark plug:
-type
- gap
Ignition timing:
- timing mark (B.T.D.C)
- stroboscopic timing
12
160
60/55 W HAL.
5/21 w
5W
5W
2W
30 A
.1 A
BR9ES
0.4 mm (0.016")
2.29 mm (.090") (20°)
6000 R.P.M.
FUEL
Gas type
Fuel tank capacity
-51
-Imp.
-u.s.
Injection oil
Type
Tank capacity
- Sl
-Imp.
-u.s.
Regular leaded or unleaded
28.6 liters
6.3 gals
7.6 gals
Bombardier snowmobile injection oil
2.6 liters
92 oz
88 oz
BRAKE
Type
Lining minimum thickness
Control lever adjustment
Disc, self-adjusting
3 mm (1/8")
13 mm (1/2") minimum distance from handlebar grip when fully
applied.
N.A.: Not applicable
HAL.: Halogen
Bombardier Inc. reserves the right to make changes in design and specifications and/or to make additions to, or
improvements in its product whithout imposing any obligation upon itself to install them on its products previously
manufactured.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - 43
-!'>
-!'>
..... -~:e
IGNITION SWITCH
GENERATING COl.
m:::a
~ cur.~G~H~~TICH
VLIBKI
EMERGENCY
CUT·OUT SWITCH
AMPlFEfl
BRAKE LIGHT
SWITCH
oz
enG)
-c:1>
G)
:a
1
(S~~~~~&i:
TAl. LIGHT
Vl
COLOUR CODES
BK -BLACK
WH- WHITE
AD -RED
BL - BLUE
YL -YELLOW
GN- GREEN
GY- GREY
VI -VIOLET
OR- ORANGE
BA -BROWN
1
1
I I
I
Ill
I
I
I
HEADLIGHT
I
I
I
HIGH BEAM
INDICA TOR LIGHTS
I
1 II
I
av
~)~ o·~~~~.~6'JJ1CH
I
OIL LEVEL
WARNING: Ensure all terminals
are properly crimped on the wires
•
and all connector housings are properly fastened.
:1>
~
m:e
en_
IGNITION SWITCH
GENERATING COIL
n:::a
m_
"Cz
~ CUT-J~~Hi:.TICH
EMERGENCY
CUT -OUT SWITCH
AMPLifiER
BRAKE LIGHT
SWITCH
FUEL LEVEL
SENDER
I I. I
I
I~·~rg+= I
I
1
Ill
Ge~.
~ o·~~~~-~~CH
BATTERY
BULBWI
15·21
~z;,
~
t;
TAILLIGHT
COLOUR CODES
BK -BLACK
WH- WHITE
RD - RED
BL - BLUE
YL -YELLOW
-I'>
(Jl
1
1
IVt
GN- GREEN
GY- GREY
VI -VIOLET
OR- ORANGE
BR -BROWN
HEADLIGHT
HIGH BEAM
INDICATOR LIGHTS
OIL LEVEL
WARNING: Ensure all terminals
are properly crimped on the wires
•
and all connector housings are properly fastened.
~Q
me
:1>
Q
:a
:1>
s:
Sl* METRIC INFORMATION
GUIDE ______________________________
BASE UNITS
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
UNIT
length
mass
force
liquid
temperature
pressure
torque
speed
meter
kilogram
Newton
liter
Celsius
kilopascal
Newton meter
kilometer per hour
m
kg
N
I
oc
kPa
N•m
km/h
PREFIXES
PREFIX
kilo
centi
milli
SYMBOL
MEANING
k
c
m
one thousand
one hundredth of
one thousandth of
VALUE
1000
0.01
0.001
CONVERSION FACTORS
TO CONVERT
TOt
lbf•ft
imp. oz
imp. gal.
in
in
ft
MPH
in 2
in 3
imp. oz
U.S. oz
imp. gal.
U.S. gal.
oz
lb
lbf
lbf•in
lbf•ft
PSI
Fahrenheit
Celsius
lbf•in
U.S. oz
U.S. gal.
mm
em
m
km/h
cm 2
cm 3
ml
ml
I
I
g
kg
N
N•m
N•m
kPa
Celsius
Fahrenheit
MULTIPLY BY
12
0.96
1.2
25.4
2.54
0.3
1.61
6.45
16.39
28.41
29.57
4.55
3.79
28.35
0.45
4.4
0.11
1.36
6.89
(°F- 32) X 5/9
(°C X 1.8) + 32
*The international system of units abbreviates "SI" in all languages.
tTo obtain the inverse sequence, divide by the given factor. To convert "mm" to "in", divide
by 25.4.
46 __________________________
NOTES ______________________
NOTES _____________________
CHANGE OF ADDRESS
OR OWNERSHIP
Any change in address or ownership should be brought to the attention of the manufacturer by completing and sending out the card supplied below.
NOTICE TO ALL NEW OWNERS: Make sure to receive the warranty registration card
from the previous owner, at the time the ownership is transferred. Also enclose
a photocopy of this registration card when informing of a change of ownership.
~---------------------------CHANGE OF ADDRESS
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
I I I I I I I I I
OLD ADDRESS:
NAME
NO
CITY
APT.
STREET
STATE/PROVINCE
ZIP/POSTAL CODE
NEW ADDRESS:
NAME
NO
Q...
CITY
APT.
STREET
STATE/PROVINCE
ZIP/POSTAL CODE
~---------------------------CHANGE OF OWNERSHIP
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
I I I I I I I I I I I
The ownership of this vehicle is transferred
FROM:
NAME
NO
CITY
STREET
STATE/PROVINCE
APT
ZIP/POSTAL CODE
TO:
NAME
NO
CITY
STREET
STATE/PROVINCE
APT.
ZIP/POSTAL CODE
BOMBARDIER INC.
ATT.: WARRANTY DEPARTMENT
VALCOURT, QUEBEC
CANADA, JOE 2LO
BOMBARDIER INC.
ATT.: WARRANTY DEPARTMENT
VALCOURT, QUEBEC
CANADA, JOE 2LO