Buick 1995 Roadmaster Owner`s manual

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.
Roadmaster
The 1995 Buick Roadmaster Owner’s Manual
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1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains“SRS” system.
2-1
FeaturesandControls ......................
...........................................
This section explains how to start and operate your Buick.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad ..............................................................4-1
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad .................................................................. 5-1
This section tells you whatto doif you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire
or
overheated engine,etc.
6-1
ServiceandAppearanceCare ............................................................
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule ..................................................................7-1
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
8-1
Customer Assistance Information ........................................................
This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and tohow
get service publications. It also
8-4.
gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page
9-1
Index ................................................................................
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject
in this manual.You can useit to quickly find
something you want toread.
.....................................................
i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
BUICK, and.the BUICK Emblem are registered
trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATIONTHROUGH
National lnslililte for
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed.We reserve the rightto make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motorsof Canada Limited”for Buick Motor
Division wheneverit appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your Buick,
so it will be there
if you ever needit when you’re on the road.
If you sell
the vehicle, please leave this manual
in it so the new
owner can use it.
1
Litho inU.S.A.
Part No. 25620611 A First Edition
ii
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
\
1
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous procurer
un exemplaire de ce guide
en franCais chez votre
concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd.,
1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario
L5T 1C7.
@Copyright General Motors Corporation
1994
All Rights Reserved
“valve-in-head” engine, alight, powerful and reliable
engine which would eventually influence
the entire
automotive industry.
William C. Durant was instrumentalin promoting
Buicks acrossthe country using,his Durant-Dort
the nucleus of a
Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople as
giant distribution system.He knew the h i c k as a
‘,‘self-seller.”If automobiles could be this good, he
thought, maybeit was time to switchfrom the horse and
buggy business to automobiles.
At the 1905 New York
Auto Show, Durant took
orders for 1,000 Buicks
before the company had
built 40. On Buick’s
success, Dufmt created a
holding company,
.September 16, 1908. He
called it General Motors.
WalterMarr and Thomas Buick
Buick’s chief engineer, Walter
L. Man (left), and
Thomas D. Buick, son
of founder~DavidDunbar Buick,
drove thgf i s t Flin$:Buibk in a successful Flint-Detroit
round trkp in July iP04.
David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899,
and Mak, his~engineer,apparently built thefirst auto to
be called& Buickin 1900. However, Buick traditionally
dates its ‘beginnings to 1903. That was the year
the
company was reoiganized, refinanced and moved
from
Detroit toFlint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developedthe
iv
William C. (Billy) Durant
Buick drew plentyof attention becausg it coulcl$limb
hills and run through mudlike no other car. Buick's
endurance and reliability were world .famous. ..
During WorldWar I, Buick builtLibirty aircrae.engines
The success of Buick engines was visible not only on
so $uccessfully that
the race track, butin endurance tests across the country as well as Red Cross ambulances
one Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre
and around the world. Buick was theonly car to
government.
French
the
by
.$:
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-NewYork race in
1906. Anda Buick was the first car to travel across
As a builder of premier automobiles,'buick was hard hit
South America, drivenfrom Buenos Aires, Argentina,
by the Great Depression. However, new
Gene<d
over the Andes to Santiago,Chile in 1914.
Manager Harlow H. Curtice created p6pular new models
including the Special and the Roadmasier. Buick sales
soon flourished.
Durant also createda racing team that won500 racing
trophies in 1909 and1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years before the Indy
500 began.
.'$
.I
,.
I911 Model 21 louring Car on Buick's Test Hill
First Buick Factory
V
In World War11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks and
other military hardware. This post-war period brought
great styling and engineering changes which resulted
in
inmeased sales. The torque converter automatic
transmission, Dynaflow, was introduced in
the 1948
Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” came along in
1949.
A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in1953.
And Buick’s famous vertical pillar “toothy” @e,
(introduced in 1942), became more massive in the
post-war era.
1953 Skylark
1949 Roadmaster
vi
Motor Trend magazine named the
1962 Buick Special
“Carof the Year.” The first production V-6 engine was
used in the Special.
I962 Buick Special
Ed Mertz, General Manager; Buick Motor Division
Built insidethe walls of the old buildingsin Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formedthe cornerstone of
General Motors, Buick City
is a state-of-the-art
assembly facility with more than200 robots and other
high-tech equipment.It was completedin the fall of
1985.
Our mission is simple:
Buicks are, and will continue
to be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceedour customers’
expectations, throughout thepurchase,’ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWEIXFUL.
Buicks are MATURE.
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that
could damageyour vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this ddmage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you might
see
CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different colorsor
in different words.
You'll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
yellow for cautions, bluefor notices and the words
CAUTION or NOTICE.
i'
These symbols
are usedon
warning and
indicator lights:
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are usedon an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BAllERY
ACID CqULD
CAUSE
BURNS
BELTS
&
X
4
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
These symbols
are on someof
your controls:
WIPER
w
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
=o
LAMPSoR
BEAM =,
HIGH
,111,
FOG LAMPS
#0
FUSE
RELEASE
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
RADIATOR
COOLANT
I-1
(a)
a
AIR
CONDITIONING
TRUNK
RELEASE
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE4-
1
TEMP
OIL
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKE
e
RADIO
VOLUME
FUEL
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
VENTILATING
FAN
-F-
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
BRAKE
POWER
WINDOW
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
BLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAllERY
These symbols
are important
for youand
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
LIGHTER
&
t
m
(a) b
SPEAKER
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
1-1
Power Seat (Option)
M m m y %at-(Option)
!-
,
.
I
!
5
I
.
;
.!
1
i
i
y
!
,1
;
i
The powerseatcontrolsarelocated
an thearmrest.Here'showtousethisfeature:
0 You don't need to start your vehicle yet,just make
Raise the front of the seat by pressing the
left side of the
sure it isin PARK (P).
front switch. Press the right
side of this switch to lower
the front of the seat.
0 Adjust the driver's seat the way you want it.
Move the seat forwardor back by pressing and holding
0 Press the SET button.
FWD or BACK. Raise the seatby pressing and holding
0 Move the memory switch to 1 and your seating
Up.Press and hold DN to lower the seat.
position is programmed.
of the rear switch to raise the
Press and hold the left side
Now it's set. When your Roadmaster
is in PARK (P), and you
rear of the seat. Press and hold the
right side of this
move the memory switch 1,
tothe seat will
go to where you
switch to lower the rear
of the seat.
1-2
Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback,
lift the lever on the
outer sideof the seat
and move the seatback
to where you wantit.
Release the lever to
lock the seatback. Pull
up on the leverand the
seat will go to an
upright position.
But don’t havea seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
-
To raise the seatback:
1. Pull the seatback up and push
it back to lockit into
place.
2. Push and pull the topof the seatback to be sure it is
locked in position.
3. Pull the seat reiease
handle in the lower right
conier of the stmage
compartment. The
seatback is now
unlocked.
Third Seatback
The third seatis folded flat in the tailgate areaof your
station wagon.
To raise the seatback:
1. Open the tailgate.
2. Lift the storage
compartmentlid and
fold it back, so that it
lies flat.
1-6
4. Full the seatback up and pushit back into place.
5. Push and pull the topof the seatbackto be sure it is
locked into position.
To lower the seatback:
1. Pull the seat release handleto unlock the seatback.
2. Pull the seatback down
using the assist strap,
then pushdown on it to
lock it into place.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
Mlts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not
da
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System, or
“air bag” system.
3. Fold the storagelid down. Make sure it is secure.
1-7
comes on as a reminder to
bqckle up. @ee “Safety.Belt
’ Ri-minderLight7’in the
Index.)
. .
When you ride in or on anything,you go as fast as it
goes.
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Thenstop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-9
.. ..
..
.
. . ..
.
..
.
.
or the safetybelts!
With safety belts,you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop.You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. Thai’s why
safety belts makesuch good sense.
1-11
&= If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but
if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault
-- you and
your passengers canbe hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, suchas bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within25 miles (40 km) of
home. Andthe greatest numberof serious injuries
and deaths occurat speeds of less than40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts arefor everyone.
Adults
This part is only for people
of adult size.
Be aware that thereare special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding
in your Buick, see the
part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules
for everyone’s
protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
1-12
3. Pick up the latch plate and pulltbe belt across you.
Don’t iet it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if youpull the belt across
you very quickly.If this happens, let the 6elt go back
slightly to unlockit. Then pullthe belt across you
more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-13
5. To make thelap part tight, pull down on
the buckle
end of the belt as youpull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part
of the belt should worn
be low and snug on the
hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash,this applies force
to the strong pelvic bones.
And you'd be less likely to slide
under the lap belt.
If you slid under it, the belt would apply
force atyour abdomen. This could causeserious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to
take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks
if there's a suddenstop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
L
r
A:
-
A
i
The belt is twisted across the body.
.
. .
To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you closethe door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
This part explainsthe Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS), or air bag system.
1-19
1-20
HJowthe
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag
is in the middleof the steering
wheel.
1-21
When should.an air bag inflate?
The..& bag is ,designed toinflate iQmoderate to Severe
frontal or ne&-frontal crashes. Theair bag will idlate
only if the impact speedis above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straightinto a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold
level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 kmlh). The threshold level
can vary7 however,with specific vehicle design,so that
it can be somewhat aboveor below this range. If your
1-22
How does an air bagxestrain?
In moderateto severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupantscan contact the steering wheel
or
the instrumentpmel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute
the force pf the‘impact more evenly over#e occupant’s
upper body, stoppingthe occupant more gradually. But
air bags wouldnot~helpyou in many type: of collisions,
including rollovers andrear and side impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motionis not toward the air bag.
Air bags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplemenx.’to safety belts, and then
only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see,afteran air bag inflates?
After theair bag inflates,it quickly deflqtes.This occurs
so quickly that some people may not even
realize the air
bag inflated. Some componentsof the air bag module
in
the steering wheelhub for the driver’s air bag,or the
instrument panelfor the right front passenger’s bag, will
be hotfor a short time, but the part
of the bag that comes
into contact with you will not be hotthe
totouch. There
will be some smoke and dust coming
from vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation will not preventthe
driver from seeing or from being ableto steer the
vehicle, nor willit stop peoplefrom leaving the vehicle.
1-23
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick
Air bags affect how your Buick should be serviced.
There are partsof the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle.You don’t wantthe systeni to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle.
Your
Buick dealer and the1995 Roadmaster Service Manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag system.To purchase a service manual, see
“Service Publications’’ in the Index.
The air
bag
system
does
not
need
regular
.
,(
maintenance.
Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy
Safety belts workfor everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely
to be
seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible
throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect thefetus is to protect the
mother. When a safetybelt is worn properly, it’s more
likely thatthe fetus won’t be hurtin a crash. For
pregnant women,as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt.See “Driver Position,’’
earlier in this section.
1-25
Center Passenger Position and Any
Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger
Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front split seat and a rear bench
seat, someone can sit in the center positions.
When you sit in a center seating position or in a station
wagon third seat, you have
a lap safety belt, which has
no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch
plate
and pull it along the belt.
1-26
1 Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next tothe windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s howto wear one properly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate
to make sure itis secure.
If the beltis not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release buttonon the buckleis positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt
across you.
Don’t letit get twisted.
The shoulder beltmay lock if you pullthe belt across
you very quickly.If this happens,let the beltgo back
slightly to unlockit. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
1-28
3. To make thelap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the beltas you pull upon the shoulder part.
Smaller Children and Babies
To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size.
In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and
in every
Canadian province says children up toqome age must be
restrained whilein a vehicle.
I
2n
Top Strap
Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind thatan unsecured child restraintcan move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle.Be sure to properly secure any chifd
reshaint in your vehicle-- even when no child is in it.
If your child restraint has a top strap, it-should be
anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask
your Buick dealerto put it in for you. If you want to
install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how
to do it.
1-33
If you want to use a child restraint with a top strap in the
second
seat of a station
wagon,
have
your
dealer
install
a
combination anchor-tether belt to which the strap
top
can be'hooked.
Securing aChild Restraint in a Rear
Outside
Seat
Position
z
-
I
For cars first sold in Canada, child restraints witha top
strap must be anchored according
to Canadian Law.
,'
I
:
For sedans first sold in Canada, your dealer can obtain
the hardware kit andinstall it for you, or you may install
it yourself using the instructions provided inthe kit.
Use the tether hardware
kit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designedfor this vehicle.
Station wagonsfirst sold in Canada already havea
combination anchor-tether belt installed
for each
position on the second seat.
These belts are attachedto
the anchors for the third seat safety belts. The child
restraint top strap should be hooked toone of these
combination anchor-tether belts.
You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt.
See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
You’ll need a safety lockingclip to properly securea
child restraint in this position.You can get a locking clip
where child restraints are sold,
or from your Buick
dealer (GM Part Number 94844571).The locking clip
must be the same as the one shown here.
Until you havethis clip, secure a child restraint onlyin a
seat that hasa separate lap belt (and
a way to anchor a
top strap, if the’childrestraint has one).See the
following part about securing
a child restraint ina center
position. Once you have the
clip, follow these
instructions:
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Followthe.instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up thelatch plate, and run thelap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint.The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes inlfrontof the child’sface or
neck, putit behind the child restraint.
1-35
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is
positioned so you would be ableto unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you everhad to.
5. Then thread both the lap and shoulder belt portions
through the locking clip.
1-36
~
r
6. Push and pull the child restraintin different
directions to be sureit is secure.
,
1I
Toxemove
..., .
the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and remove the locking
clip. Let the safety
belt go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely
again and be ready to work
for an adult or larger child
passenger.
.
1
I
A.
B.
C.
D.
Lap Belt Portion
Latch Plate
Buckle
Shoulder Belt Portion
E. Locking Clip
1-37
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
See the earlierpart about the top strap
if the child
restraint hasone.
1. Make the beltas longas possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
U
You’ll be using the lap belt.
2. Put the restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
1-38
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
6. To tighten the belt, pullits free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraintin different
directions to be sure
it is secure. If the child restraint
isn’t secure,turn the latch plate over and buckle
it
again. Thensee if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different placein the vebcle and
contact the child restraint maker
for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt.It will be ready to work
for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing aChild Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
5. Buckle the belt. Make surethe release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
U
1-39
4
=
5. Buckle the belt.
I
Make sure the release button is positioned
so you would be
able to unbucklethe safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let
it go back all the way.
6. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push downon the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions tobe sure it is secure.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
.
1-41
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out
in
a crash.
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
1-42
@
What if a childis wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the childis so small that the shoulder belt is
veryclose to thechild’sface or-neck?
‘c,
A:
Move the child toward the centerof the vehcle, but
be sure that the shoulder
belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide.
If the
is very
child is so small that the shoulder belt still
close to the child’sface or neck, you might want to
place the childin the center seat position, the one
that has onlya lap belt.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should useit.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. Whengoyou
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear,
so the
extender willbe long enoughfor you. The extender will
be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt you choose. Don’t
let someone else use it, anduseit
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching only
for the seat it ismade to fit. To wear it, just attach it
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
to the regular safety belt.
pelvic bones ina crash.
1-44
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder
system are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
restraint system parts.If you see anything that might keep
a restraint system from doing job,
its have it repaired.
If you ever see a label on the driver’s or the front
right
passenger’s safety belt that says to replace the belt, be
sure to doso. Then the new belt will be there to help
protect you in an accident.You would see this label on
the belt near the door opening.
Torn or frayed belts may not protect you in a crash.
They can rip apart under impact
forces. If a beltis torn
or frayed, get anew one right away.
Replacing Seat and Restraint System
Parts After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may
be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched,
as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need
new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary evenif the belt wasn’t being used at
the timeof the collision.
1-45
NOTES
Section 2 Feature8andControls
Here you can learn aboutthe many standard and
optional featureson your Buick, and informationon
starting, shifting and braking. Also explained
are the
instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if
everything is working properly
-- and what to do if you
have a problem.
Keys
2-1
There are15 alternative ignition PASS-Key II blanks
to help discourage theft. $Keep
the bar code tag and
the
daor.,keyplugs in a safe place.If you lose your keys,
The ignition keys come
you will be able to have new ones made easily using the
with a bar code tag attached plug or number onthe bar code tag.
to them. Your dealer or a
qualified locksmith by
reading the number on the
NOTICE:
bar code tag can then make
Your Buick has a n&kr of new features that can
extra ignition keys.
help prevent thek Bht fou cain have a lot of trouble
getting into your vehicle if you ever l&k your keys
inside. You may even h v e to damage your vehicle
to get in.So be sure you have extra keys.
The door keys arefor the
doors and all other locks.
The ignition keysare for the
ignition only.
@
. I
Your door keys have plugs.
Each plug has a code
on it
that tells your dealer or a
qualified €scksmithhow to
make extra keys.
When a new Roadmaster is delivered, the dealer removes
the plugs €romthe keys, and givesthem to the first owner.
Door Locks
There are several ways
to lock and unlock your vehicle:
From the outside, use your door'key or Keyless Entry
System if you have this option.
From the inside, to lock the
door, slide the lock control
,down.
To unlock the door, slide the
lock control up.
Rear Door Security Lock
To cancel the rear door lock:
Your Buick is equipped with rear door security locks that
help prevent passengersfrom opening the rear doors of
your vehicle from the inside.To use one of these locks:
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the
way up.
1. Move the lever all theway down.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing tothe other rear doorlock.
The rear doorsof your vehicle cannot be opened from
inside when this feature is
in use. If you want to opena
rear door when the security lock is on:
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children whoride in the rear won’t be able to open
3. Do the samefor the other reardoor.
the rear door from the inside.
You should let adults and
older children know how these security locks work, and The rear door locks will now work normally.
how to cancel the locks.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys,
open your
door and set the locks
from inside. Then getout and
close the door.
2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
This device complies with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructionson battery
replacement.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
0
If your Buick has this option, you
can lock and unlock
your doorsor unlock your trunkor tailgate from up to
30 feet (9 m) using the key chain transmitter supplied
with your vehicle.
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technicianfor
service.
Changes or modifications to this systemby other thanan
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
2-5
Operation
Battery Replacement
The driver’s door will unlock when
UNLOCK is
pressed. Pressit again quickly and all
the doors will
unlock. The door courtesy lamps willalso come on. All
:doors will lock whenDOOR is pressed. The trunk or
tailgate will unlock whenthe opened trunk symbol is
pressed, but only when the transmission
is in PARK (P).
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about two years.
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter
is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter
is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when yougo to your dealer. When
the dealer matchesthe replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, the remaining transmitters mustalso be
matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal range in any location.
If you
have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably time to change the batteries.
For battery replacement, use two Duracella batteries,
type DL-2016, or a similar type.
You can match a transmitter to as many different vehicles
as you own, provided they are equipped with
exactly the
same model system. (General Motors offers several
different modelsof these systems on their vehicles.) Each
vehicle can have only two transmitters matchedit. to
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
2-6
To replace the batteries:
1. If your transmitter has a screw, remove
the screw
from the back cover. If thereis no screw, carefully
pry off the cover by inserting a dime (or similar
object) in the slot between the covers and twisting.
2. Lxft off the front cover, bottom half first.
Automatic Pull-Down Feature
(ODtion)
\
I
If you have this feature,it pulls the trunk lid closed. This
allowsyou to gentlypushthetrunk lid downand the
pull-down feature then
secures
it completely.
:
’
3. Remove and replacethe batteries. Put themin as
indicated bythe directions underthe batteries.
4. Replace the front cover. Make surethe cover is on
tightly, so water won’tget in. Replacethe screw in
the back cover, if there
is one. If there is no screw,
snap together.
5. Check the operation of the transmitter.
~~
NOTICE:
~
~
~~
~~~~
~
1
Do not slam your trunk lid down if you have the
pull-down feature.If you do, you may damage
system.
pull-down the
2-7
I
I
Tailgate Operation (Wagon)
The tailgate can be opened
like a regular door or like a
drop-gate.
The tailgate and tailgate window must
first be unlocked.
The tailgate is unlocked by usingthe power doorlock
controls, the oval key in the lock or the Remote Keyless
Entry System if you haveit.
Once the tailgate has been
unlocked, you can unlatch
the tailgate window by
pushing the key cylinder
button all the way in. Then,
raise the window.
To open the tailgate like a regular door, pull up on
the
handle thatis near the end of the tailgate, onthe
passenger’s side.
2-9
If the tailgate on your vehicle does not open
as a
drop-gate, it may not be fully latched
as a door. Your
GATE AJAR light will beon if the tailgate isn’t
completely closed as a door.
The tdgate is designed nottq dpen as a drop-gate when
it is already open as a’boor.
AJso,the tailgatewill not
open as a door whenit is.beady open as a drop-gate.
Check tosee if the tailgate is unlocked, then open and
close it as a do& until the lower
latch closes, and the
GATE AJAR light goes out.
You can lock the tailgate by putting
the round keyin the
lock and turningit to the right. Or, you can press down
on the lock button.
To close the window, pullit down againstthe tailgate
To open it like a drop-gate,just reach inside and pull up and pressM y until it latches.
on the handle thatis located nearthe center of the
tailgate. Lower the tailgate all
the way down.
i
Theft
Parking at Night
Vehicle theftis big business, especiallyin some cities.
Although your Buickhas a numberof theft deterrent
features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Park in a lighted spot, close
all windows and lock your
vehicle. Rememberto keep your valuables outof sight. ’.,
Put themin a storage area,or take them with you.
Key in the Ignition
If you walk awayfrom your vehicle with the keys
inside, it’san easy targetfor joy riders or professional
thieves -- so don’t do it.
When you park your Buick and open
the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding
you to remove your key
from the ignition and takeit with you. Alwaysdo this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and
so will your
ignition and transmission. And remember lock
to
the doors.
2-12
:.
Parking Lots
If you parkin a lot where someone will
be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock
it up and take your keys.
But what if you have leave
to your ignition key?What if
you haveto leave something valuablein your vehicle?
Put your valuablesin a storage area, like your
trunk
or glove box.
0
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0
Then take the door keywith you.
PASS-Key@II
Your vehicle is
equipped withthe
PASS-Key%
(Personalized
Automotive Security
System) theft deterrent
system. PASS-Key%
is‘a passive theft deterrent
system.
This means you don’t have todo anything differentto
arm or disarm the system. It works when youinsert or
remove the key from the ignition. PASS-Key@II uses a
resistor pelletin the ignition key that matches
a decoder
in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key% system senses that someoneis
using the wrong key,it shuts downthe vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. For about three minutes,the starter
won’t work andfuel won’t goto the engine. If someone
tries tostart your vehicle againor uses another key
during this time,the vehicle will not start.This
discourages someonefrom randomly trying different
keys with different resistor pelletsin an attempt to make
a match.
The ignition key must be clean and
dry before it’s
inserted in the ignitionor the engine may not start.If the
engine does not start and the PASS KEY light comes on,
the key may be dirty or wet. Turn
the ignition off.
Clean anddry the key. Wait about three minutes and
try
again. The PASS KEY light may remain on during this
time. If the starter still won’t work, and the(ey appears
to be clean anddry, wait about threeminutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index). If the starter won’t work with
the other key, your
vehicle needs service.If your vehicle does start, the first
ignition key may be faulty.
See your Buick dealeror a
locksmith who can service
the PASS-Key%.
1
’
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work and the
PASS KEY light will come on. But you don’t have to
wait three minutes before trying another ignition key.
See your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service
the PASS-Key% to have a new key made.
If you’re ever driving and and the
PASS KEY light
comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if youturn it off. Your PASS-Key%I system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your Buick dealer.Your vehicle is not protected by
the PASS-Key%system.
I
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key@II ignition key, see
your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key% to have a new key made.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern Buick doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform betterin thelong
run if you followthese guidelines:
Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first500 miles (804 km).
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first500 miles (804 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the
first
200 miles (322km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stopswith new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier
replacement.
Follow this “breaking-in” guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
0 Don’t tow a trailer during “break-in.” See
“Towing a Trailer’’ in theIndex for more
information.
--
--
-~
I
2-14
~
LOCK (B): Before you put the key in, your ignition
will bein the LOCK position. Thisis the only position
in which you can remove
the key. This position locks
your ignition, steering wheel and transmission. It's a
theft deterrent feature.
Ignition Switch
R
OFT (C): This position
unlocks the steering wheel, ignition
ind transmission but doesn't send electrical power to any
accessories. Turn the key to theOFF position if you must
have your vehicle in motion while the engine off.
is
A
E
With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you
can turn
the switch tofive different positions:
ACCESSORY (A): This positionlets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. To use the ACCESSORY position, pushin
the key and turn it toward you. Your steering wheel will
remain locked,just as it was before you insertedthe key.
RUN (D): This isthe position for driving.
START (E): This key position starts your engine.
Note that even if the engine is not running, the positions
ACCESSORY and RUN allow you to operate your
electrical accessoi-ies, such as the radio and ventilation
fan.
I NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck inLOCK ana you can't
turn it, be sure it is.'alI theway in. If it is, then
turn the steering wheel left and right while you
turn the key hard. But turn the key only with
your hand.Using a tool to force
it could break
the key or the ignition switch.If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
Starting Yous Engine
Move your shift lever to
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N).
Your engine won't start in any other position
-- that's a
safety feature.To restart when you're already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don't try to shift toPARK (P) if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shiftto PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
To start your5.7 Liter LT1 engine:
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
'
2-16
~
NOTICE:
Holding yourkey in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your.battery tobe
drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat 'can
damage your starter
motor.
2. If it doesn't start within 10 seconds, push the
agcelerator pedal all the way the
to floor, while you
hold the ignition key in
START. When the engine
starts, let gp of the key and let up on the accelerator
pedal. Wait about15 seconds between eachtry to
help avoid draining your battery.
When starting your engine in very cold weather (below
0" For -18" C), do this:
1. With your footoff the accelerator pedal,turn the
ignition key to START and hold
it there. When the
engine starts, let go
of the key. Use the accelerator
pedal to maintain engine speed,
if you haveto, until
your engine has run
for a while.
i
To use the coolant heater:
~
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
!
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
NOTICE:
After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure
to
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
If you don’t, it could
from moving engine parts.
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer dependson the weather, the kind of oil
you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact your Buick
dealer inthe area where you’ll be parking your vehicle.
The dealer can giveyou the best advicefor that
particular area.
2-1s
Automatic Transmission
There are several different
positions for your shift
lever.
PARK (P): This locks your transmission drive shaft. It’s
the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
2-19
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) range before
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
To restart when you’re alreadv
starting the engine. Your Buick has a brake-transmission connect with the wheels.
shiftinterlock. You have to fully apply yourregularmoving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also use
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
ignition keyis in the RUN position.If you cannot shift
out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever
-- push
the shift lever all the
way into PARK (P) as you
maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever
into the gear you wish.See “Shifting Outof PARK (P)”
in this section.
r
REVERSE (R): Use this gearto back up.
~~
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is movingforward could damage your
(R) only
transmission. Shift to REVERSE
after your vehicle is stopped.
____________~~
To rock your vehicle back and forth
to get outof snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow” in the Index.
II
NOTICE:
I
Damage to your transmission caused by shifting
out ofPARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the
engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
AmOMATIC OVERDRIVE (OD): This positionis for
normal driving. If you need. more power
for passing; and
you’re:
..
~, .. . .
,.
Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push yQur
accelerator pedalabout halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the..nextgear and have more
power.
THIRD (3): This is like OD,but you nevergo into
Overdrive.
Here ‘aresome times you might
choose THIRD (3)
instead of OVERDRIVE (0):
When driving on hilly, winding roads
When towing a trailer,so there is less shifting
between gears
When going down a steep hill
,
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power and
lower fuel economy. You can useSECOND on hills. It
can help control your speedas you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want
to use
your brakesoff and on.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lowerfuel economy) thanSECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is put in FXRST (l),the transmission won’t
shift into first gear untilthe vehicle is going slowly
enough.
NOTICE:
If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t
try to
drive. This might happenif you werestuck in
very deeps a d or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
,
pedal. This could overheat
and damage the
transmission. Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position on
a hill.
2-21
To release the parking
brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull the
brake release lever.
Limited-Slip Rear Axle (Option)
If you have this feature, your rear axle can give you
additional traction on snow, mud,
ice, sand or gravel. It
works like a standardaxle most of the time, but when
one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does,
the limited-slip feature will allow the wheel with
traction to move the vehicle.
Parking Brake
The parking brake uses the
brakes on the rear wheels.
To set the parking brake,
hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot.
Push downthe parking
brake pedal with yourleft
foot. If the ignition is on,
the brake system warning
light will come on.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, andyou could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking
on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
sxplains what to dofirst to keep the trailerfrom moving.
2-22
Shifting Into PARK (P)
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position like
this:
0
Pull the lever toward you.
1; Hold the brake pedaldown with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
,
2-23
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
2-24
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly,the weight .ofthe
vehicle mayput too much force on the parking pawl in
the transmission.You may find it difficult to pullthe
shift lever out of PARK (P). Thisis called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock,set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you
leave the
driver’s seat.To find out how,see “Shifting Into
PARK (PI’’ in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move
the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If “torque lock”does occur, you may needto have
another vehicle push yours little
a upbill to take some of
the pressure from the transmission, so you can pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P).
Your Buick has a brake-transmission shift interlock.
Yotthave to fully apply your regular brakesbefore you
can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition
is in the
RUN position. See “Automatic Transmission”in the
Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (PI, ease pressureon
the shiftlever -- push theshift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want.If you ever
hold the brake pedal dowh but
still can’t shiftout of
PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to OFF.
2. Apply and holdthe brake until the endof Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUlXAL (N).
4. Start the vehicleand then shift to the drive gear
you
want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soonas you can.
2-25
Running Your Engine While You’re
Parked
.
.
It’s betternot to paik with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking ona hill andif you’re pulling a
trailer, alsosee “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2-27
Power Windows
The switchfor the driver’s windowhas-anexpress-down
feature. Pull the AUTO switch backall the way. Once
engaged, release it and the window will lowerall the
way. To stop the. windowfrom lowering, ,pressthe
switch forward..Toraisk the window, press the switch
forward.
There are individual switches near
each window. You
have a lock out switch.
Press LOCK to disable the
power window switches.This will prevent passengers
from opening and closingthe windows. The driver can
still control allof the windows withthe switch in the
locked position. Press UNLOCK to restore normal
operation to all passenger window switches.
Your power windows controls are on the armrest. They
control eachof the four windows.To open a window,
move the switch towardDN. To close it, move the
switch towardUP.
2-28
Wagon Rear Vent Windows
In the rear area, thereis a vent window on each side
of
the vehicle.
To open, lift the latch and push out.To close, pullin and
back on the latch.
Horn
To sound the horn, pressthe pad with the horn symbol
on either side of the steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust
the steering
wheel before you drive.
You can also raiseit to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you
exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold
the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Movethe steering wheel toa comfortable level,
then release the lever to
lock the wheel in place.
2-29
'hrn SignaVMultifunction Lever
Turn Signal and LaneChange Indicator
The lever on the left side
of the steering column
includes your:
(for right) and two
The turn signal has two upward
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlamp High/Low Beam
0
WindshieldWipers
WindshieldWasher
0
Cruise Control (Option)
To signal a turn, move the lever
all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the
lever will return
automatically.
A green arrow onthe
instrument panelwill flash
in the direction of the turn
or lane change.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring
for
the trailer lamps, a different
turn signal flasheris used.
With thisflasher installed, thesignal indicator will flash
eVeii’ik a him signal;bulbis burned out. Checkthe front
and rear turn signal lamps regularlyto make sure they
are working.
A chime wills ~ m ifd your turn signal remains on after
having driven halfof a mile, toremind you tq I~ULI
dB
your signal.
Headlamp High/Low Beam
To signal a lane change,
just raise or lower the lever
until the green arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until
you complete yourlane change. The lever will return by
itselfwhenyou release it.
As you signal aturn or a lane change, if the arrows don’t
flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other drivers won’t
’see youi turn signal.
If a bulbis burned out, replaceit to help avoid an
accident. If the green arrows don’t go
on at all when you
signal a turn, checkthe fuse (.see “Fuses andCircuit
Breakers” in the Index) andfor burned-out bulbs.
I
.
To change the headlamps
from low beamto high or
high to low, pull the turn
signal leverall the way
toward you. ‘Then release
it.
When the high beams are
on, this blue light on the
instrument panel will also
be on.
I
Windshield Wipers
@or a single wiping cycie, turn the band
to
Rdid
it there until the wipers start, thenlet go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle. Lf you want more cycles, hold the
band on MIST longer.
&
S
T
i
You can setthe wiper speedfor a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful
in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choosethe delay time.The
closer to LO, the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn
the band away
from you tothe LO position. For high speed wiping,
turn the band further, toHI. To stop the wipers, move
the band toOFF.
You control the windshield wipers by turning the
bad
marked WI€%R.
2-32
Be sure to clear
ice and snowfrom the wiper blades
before using them.If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them.
If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow orice can overload your wiper motor.
A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until
it cools. Clear
away snow orice to prevent an overload.
Note: On the Estate Wagon,
if the tailgate windowis not
completely closed, the cruise control will not work.
To Set Cruise Control
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want,;
3. Press in the button
at the endof the lever
and releaseit. The
CRUISE light on the
instrument panel will
come on.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-35
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you setyour,cruise control at a desired speed
and then you applythe brakes. This, of course, shuts
off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch
from ON to
WA .(Resume/Accelerate) for about half a second.
You’ll go right backup,to
your chosen speed and stay
there.
To Increase Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed. Here’s
the first:
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
2. Press the button at the endof the lever, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
Here’s the second way to go to a higher speed:
Move the cruise control switchfrom ON to WA.
Hold it there until you get up the
to speed you want,
then releasethe switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
the switch toWA for less than half a second and then
go
release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Remember if you holdthe switch.at WA for longer than
half a second, the vehicle will keep going:.iaster until
you release the switch or apply the
bi.&es. Ymcould be
startled and evenlose control. So unless you want to go
faster, don’t hold the switch
at WA.
2-36
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set
the cruise control speed by pressing the SET button.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two waysto reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Press in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then
release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, press the
button for less than half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go1 mph (1.6 km/h)
slower.
Passing Another Vehicle WhileUsing
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal toincrease your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down tothe cruise control speed youset earlier.
Using Cruise Controlon Hills
How well yourcruise control will work on hills
depenas
upon your speed,load, and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on
the
accelerator pedalto maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down.
Of course, applyingthe brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use
cruise control on
steep hills.
To Get Out of Cruise Control
There are two ways to turnoff the cruise control:
Step lightly on the brake pedal, OR
Move the cruise switch toOFF. The CRUISE light
will go out.
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control
or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory
is erased.
Lamps
The LIGHTSknob controls these lamps:
0
Headlamps
Taillamps
2-38
0
Parking Lamps
0
License Lamps
0
Sidemarker Lamps
0
Instrument Panel amps
0
Interior Courtesv Lamps
Pull the knob toward you, to first
the setting toturn on
the parking lamps. Pull the knob toward you, to the
second setting to turn on
the headlamps.
By rotating the knob you can makethe instrument
panel lamps bright or dim and
turn the courtesy lamps
on oroff.
Lamps On Reminder
If the lamp switch is left
on you’ll hear a warning tone
when you turnoff the ignition.You can disable the tone
on vehicles without Daytime Running Lamps
or
Twilight Sentinelby turning the instrument panel
brightness all the way down.
Twilight Sentinel (Option)
The Twilight Sentinel control below your LIGHTS
switch twns your headlampson and off automatically by
sensing how darkit is outside.
To operate it, leave the LIGHTS switchoff and move
the Twilight Sentinel control to any positionbut off.
(The off position is when the white dot on the switch is
rotated all the way to the left.)
Your Twilight Sentinel and
Daytime Running Lamps
(Canada Only) work with
the light sensor on top of
your instrument panel.
Doa’t cover it up, if you do,
it will read “dark”a d ‘your
lamps willcome on.
If you movethe control all the way to the right, your
lamps will remain on
for three minutes after you turn
the
ignition toOFF. If you movethe control towardthe left,
the lamps will gooff quickly when you turnthe ignition
to OFF. You can change this delay timefrom one second
to four minutes. When the Twilight Sentinel is turned
off, use your LIGHTS switch tooperate the headlamps.
2-39
Daytime ,Running Lamps (Canada
Only)
To idle your vehicle with theDRL off, apply your
parking brake before turning on the ignition. Once you
release the parking brake,
the DIU cannot be turnedoff
as long as the ignitionis on.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) makeit easier to ‘see
the front,of your vehicle during the day.DRL can be
helpful when it’s raining and
in the short periods after
dawn and before sunset. Several countries, including
Canada, require DRL.
As with any vehicle, you shouldturn on the regular
headlamp system anytime you needit.
A light sensor on top of
the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sureit isn’t covered.
Delayed Illuminated Entry Without
Keyless
Entry
’
’
/
The DRL system willmaKe your low beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness indayught when:
0
the ignition is on,
0
the headlamp switch is off, and
the parking brake is released.
When you open the door,the interior courtesy lamps
will turn on.,These lamps willgo off automatically after
about 40 seconds, or when the ignition is turned on.
They makeit easy for you to enter and leave
the vehicle.
You also can turn these lamps on by rotating the
LIGHTS switch all the way to the left.
When the DRL are on, only your low beam headlamps Delayed Illuminated Entry with the
will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps
Keyless Entry System
won’t beon. Your instrument panel won’t belit up
either. .
As long as the doors are closed and the ignition
is OFF:
When it’s dark enough outside, your low beam headlampsIf you press theUNLOCK button on the Keyless
will change to
full brightness. The other lamps that come
Entry transmitter,the interior lamps will comeon for
on with your headlamps will also come on.
about 30 seconds or until you st& your engine.
When it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps will
If you press the DOOR button on the Keyless Entry
go off, and your low beam headlamps change to the
transmitter, the interior lamps will come on
for about
reduced brightnessof DRL.
two seconds.
2-40
Wagon Rear Compartment Lamps
Rear Reading Lamps
There are lamps onthe assist handles in the rear area
of the station wagon.Press the switch to turn them on
or off.
These courtesy lamps turn on when you open the doors.
To turn on the reading
lamps when the doors
are
closed, press the top
of the
switch. Press the bottom
of
the switch to him them off.
Front ReadingLamps
Front seat reading lampsare turned onby pressing the
switch located on the rearviewmirror.
Electrochromic Mirror (Option)
Automatidoff Switch
,"
There is an automatic and anoff position. Whenthe
button onthe bottom of the mirroris pressed up and has
a green halo,the mirror is on automatic. Press againto
turn OB:
Time Delay
The mirror delays~before changing from the night tothe
day position. This delay prevents rapid changing
of the
mirfof as you drive under lights and through traffic.
Reverse Gear Day Mode
Your Buick may havean automatic inside mirror.
The automatic mirror adjustsfor the glare of headlamps
behind you. It detects changesin light, and then adjusts
for day or night operation.
During the day the mirror reflectsall the light from
behind your vehicle. At night, when the
glare is too
high, it changes to the night mode. Then,it reflects only
part of the light from behind you. Whenthe mirror
changes to the night mode,it holds that position until
glare is no longer present.
The reverse modeis another important featureof the
automatic mirror. When the shift
lever is placed in
REVERSE (R), the mirror shifts to the day mode.
This
gives you a brightimage in the mirror as you back up.
Front Reading Lamps
There are two reading larnps located on
the rearview
mirror. Press the switch closest to the lamp tto
urn it on
or off.
'
Convex Outside Mirror
>I
.:
1
'_-:
.~
'
Front Storage Armrest (Option)
The armrest between the
fiont seats opens intoa storage
area.
Wagon Cargo Cover
Convenience Net (Sedan)
t
..
The cargo coverallows
jhdden storagein the rear
area of your vehicle. The
3
To use the cargo cover:
1. Pull the cargo cover by the center handle all the way
to the tailgate.
I-
Your vehicle has a convenience net. You’ll itsee
just
inside the back wallof the trunk.
2. Put the hooks of the handle into the slots onthe rear
pillar trim.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the Itnet.
can
help keep themfrom falling over during sharp
t u r p s or
quick starts and ‘stops.
To return the cover:
The net isn’tfor larger, heavierloads, Store themin the
trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the netso that it will lieflat when
you’re not usingit.
1. Pull on the handle, pulling
the cover up and outof
the 4lots.
2. Genfly let the cover roll back to the front. Be careful
qpt tolet go of thecover beforeit is fully retracted,
as it could be damaged.
Sun Visors
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
To block out glare, you can swing down
the visors. You
can also swing them tothe side. If the visors swing too
easily, tighten the screws
on the rear of the visors.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror (Option)
The front center ashtray may be lifted out
for cleaning.
The lighted visor vanity mirror lights
up when the
mirror cover is opened. Closingthe mirror coverturns
off the lamps.
.
.
.. - .
.
..
.
..
The cigarette lighteris near the ashtray. To use the
lighter, pushit in all the way and let go. When it’s ready,
it will pop back by itself.
NOTICE:
If you hold a cigarette lighter
in with your hand
while it is heating,it won’t be able to back away
from the heating element -when
it’s ready.That
can make it overheat, damaging the lighter
and
the heating element.
Pull up on the rear ashtrays to remove them for cleaning.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable things into
your ashtrays.Hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them, causinga d a a g i n g
fire.
Assist Handles
A folding handle over each door
can be used to get
in
and outof your vehicle.
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
&HOT
TEMP
LOW CHANGE
OIL
OIL
LEVEL
Ar
~0101010101112]
APPLY BRAKE TO
SHIFT FROM PARK
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
VOLTS
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
FUEL
BRAKE
CRUISE
Your instrument panelis designed tolet you know ata
glance how your vehicle is running. You'll know how
fast you're going, how muchfuel you're using, and
2-54
LOW
WASH
FLUID
.
LOCK
1
many other things you'll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speedin both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometersper hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows howfar your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (usedin the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
fl
TRIP
ci>
A trip odometercan tell you
how may miles you have
driven since you last set
it to
zero. To reset it, press the
button.
Your Buick has a tamper-resistant odometer.
If you can
see very noticeablebright silver lines between the
numbers, someone has probably tried turn
to it back.
The numbers may not be accurate.
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a
new odometer installed.The new one should be set to
the same readingas the old one.If that is not possible,
then it’s set at zero, and a label
on the driver’s door must
show the old reading and when
the new one was
installed.
<
2-55
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators Gages
This part describesthe warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle.
Wming lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong beforeit becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your wsiraing lights and gages could also save or
you
others from injury.
I
Warning lights come on when there may beisor
a
problem with oneof your vehicle’s functions.As you
will see in the details onthe next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working.If you are
familiar with this section,
you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
2-56
can indicate when there may beisora problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work togetherto let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning iights comes on and stays
on
when you are driving, or when
one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly
-- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
-L
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
1
(@I
ANTI
LOCK
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and may stay onfor
several seconds. That’s
normal. If the light doesn’t
come on, haveit fixed so it
will be ready to warn you
if
there is a problem.
If the light stayson, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light
comes on when you’re driving,stop as soon as possible
and turn the ignition off. Then startthe engine again to
reset the system. If the lightstill stays on, or comes on
again while you’re driving, your Buick needs service.
If
the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still
have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the
regular brake system warning light
is also on, you don’t
have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your
regular brakes.See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
The anti-lock brake system warning
light may also
come on when you are driving with a compact spare tire.
If this happens, thelight means you won’t have
anti-lock until you replace the compact spare with a
full-size tire. If the warning light stays on after you
replace the compactspare with afull-size tire, or if it
comes on again when you’re driving, your Buick needs
service.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
-F-
This red light comes on as a
bulb check when youstart
your engine.This light tells
you that your engine
coolant has overheated.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
TEMP
-&
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature.If the
gage pointer moves into the
red area, your engineis too
hot!
k
HOT
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull
off the road, stop
your vehicle andturn the engineoff as soon as possible.
Hot coolant can burn your badly!
The section “Problemson,theRoad,” in this manual
shows what to do.See “Engine Overheating”in the
Index.
as the warning light.
That reading means the same thing
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pulloff the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engineas soon as possible.
Hot coolant can burn your badly!
The section “Problems on the Road,” in
this manual
shows what to do.See “Engine Overheating”in the
Index.
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
If you havethis amber light
and it comes on, the system
is low on coolant and the
engine may overheat.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Domestic vehicles are
equipped with this
malfunction indicator lamp.
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
Canadian vehicles have this
malfunction indicator lamp.
2-61
A computer monitors operationof your fuel, ignition
and emission control systems. This amber
light should
come on when youtufa the key to RUN or START as a
check to show you isit working.
If the mulfunction indicator lamp does not come on at
all, haveit fixed right away.I€ it stays on, or it comes on
while you are driving,the computer is indicating that
you have a problem.You should take your vehiclein for
service soon.
Engine OilPressure Light
This red light tells you
if
there could be a problem
with your engineoil
pressure.
w
4
OIL
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with
t i s light
There are three times this light can come on briefly,
on, after a while the emission controls won’t
which is normal and doesn’t showa problem. They are:
work as well, your fuel economy won’t be as good
0 The light comes on when you turn your keyRUN
to
and your engine may not run as smoothly. This
or START. That’s just a check to be sure the light
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your
works. If this light doesn’t come on, be sure to have
warranty.
it fixed so it will be there to warn you
if something
goes wrong.
0 If you’re “idling” at a stop sign, the light
may blink
on and then off.
0 If you make a hard stop,the light may come on for a
moment.
LOW
OIL
L,EV
Change Oil Indicator
CHANGE
OIL
The amber CHANGEO L
light is activated by the
Engine Oil LifeMoniitor
System. The engineoil Me
monitor system determind8
the conditionof the engine
oil and lets you know when
the oil should be changed.
See “Engine Oil”in the
Index.
It does thi$ by electronically receiving data from the
Powertrain Control Module.The data it receives
contains information about engine speed (revolutions
per &Ute), coolant temperatureand vehicle speed.The
oil life monitor uses this&&q . t , determine
~
how much
the oil has degraded.
When to change youroil depend$ an driving habits and
conditibns because these directly affect engine speed,
coolant temperature andvehick speed. Becauseof this,
the CHANGE OIL light many comeon as early as
2,000 miles or less for harsh conditions.
2-64
-
.
If the CHANGEOIL light stays onfor 20 seconds or
more after you turn on tlie ignition, have oil
the
changed.
After changing the engineoil, the system must be reset.
With the ignition keyin the kUN position, but the
engine off, fuiiy push and release
the accelerator pedal
three times withinfive seconds. The CHANGE OIL
light will flash two times confim
to
you have reset the
system. If the CHANGEOIL light comes on and stays
on for five seconds, it did not reset. You’ll need to reset
the system again.
Battery Light
When youturn the key to
RUN or START, this red
light will come on briefly,
to show that your alternator
and battery charging
systems are working.
VOLTS
If the light stays on, your vehicle needs service, and you Low
should take your Buick
to the dealer at once.To save
your battery until you get
there, turn off all accessories,
and set your air system to
OFF.
Gate Ajar Light
GATE
AJAR
Your wagon has aGATE
AJAR w m h g light. This
red light should comeon
when the tailgate is opened
as a door. It will stay on
until the tailgate has been
fully closed. It does not
come on when the tailgate
has been openedas a gate.
Washer Fluid Light
If this orangelight comes
on, it means you’re low on
washer fluid.
LOW
WASH
FLUID
Cruise Control Light
This light comeson when
you set cruise control.
CRUISE
-LowFuel Light
p3
LOW
FUEL
This amber light comeson
briefly as a bulb check
when you start your engine.
If this light comes on and
stays on, you should get
more fuel soon.
Here arefour concerns some owners have had about
the
fuel gage. All these situations are normal and do not
indicate that anythingis wrong with thefuel gage.
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts
off before the
gage readsF.
It takes more (or less) gas fill
to up than the gage
indicated. For example,the gage may have indicated
half full, but it took more -- or less -- than half of
the tank’s capacity tofill it.
The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed
up, or stop your vehicle.
When you turn the engineoff, the gage doesn’t goall
the way back toE.
:Fuel Gage
FUEL
V
2-66
Your fuel gage shows how
much fuel is in your tadc. It
works only whenthe engine
is on. When the indicator
nears E, you still have a
little fuel left. You need to
get more right away.
I
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this part you’ll findout how to operatethe comfort
control systems and audio systems offered with your
Buick. Be sureto read aboutthe particular system
supplied with your vehicle.
Air Conditioning with Electronic
Controls
selecting any air choice (except the rear window
defogger) andthe HI fan speed.
The manual system will recirculatethe air for m a i nnurn
air conditioning performance when RECIRC is selected.
Your Buick’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when
it is moving. When the
heater or air conditioningfan is running, outside air will
also enter the vehicle.
System Controls
Fan Speeds
The fan control is used to select the airflow.
Temperature Control
Fresh airfrom outside your vehicleflows through your
Slide the temperature control betweenCOOL and
Buick when the vehicleis moving. When the vehicle is
WARM to change the temperatureof the air coming
not moving, you can get outside air to flow through by through your air outlets.
3-1
Air Conditioning
Defrost
The defrost setting directs
most of the air through the
defroster vents and some
through the heater outlets.
Use defrost whenyou want
to removefog or ice from
the windshield.
3-2
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
The lines you see on the
rear window warmthe
glass. Pressthe button to
start warming your window.
After 10 minutes, it will go
off by itself or pressing the
button again during the
heating cycle willshut it
Off.
If you need additional wanning tirne, press the button again.
If you have the heated outside rearview mirrors option,
the
mirrors will bewarmed when the rear defogger is on.
Do not attach anythinglike a temporary vehicle license
or decal across the defogger grid
on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-3
Electronic Climate Control (Option)
System Controls
TEMP: To choose the temperature you want maintained
inside the vehicle, use this button.
Pressing the TEMP button only once with the exterior
temperature displayed will not change the set
temperature.
Fromthe AUTO mode,pressingthetemperature to
90" F (33" C ) will automatically allow the system to
select the high blower and FLOOR mode.
.i:
'
"
From theAUTO mode, pressing the temperature
to
60" F (16 C ) will automatically allowthe system to
select high blower MIDDLE mode and recirculate
air.
O
AUTO: When the systemis set for automatic, air will
come from the floor outlets, the instrument panel outlets
or both. Fan speed will vary (unless an arrow on the
FAN button has been pressed) as the system gets to and
maintains the temperature setting you have selected.
The display will show the selected temperature and
blower speed.
In cold weather the system will delay turning
on the
blower, to avoid blowing cold air. The length
of the
delay depends on engine coolant temperature, outside
temperature and time since the engine was last started.
Pressing an arrow on
the FAN button will override this
delay and turn on the blower.
MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through
the instrument panel outlets.
The blower speed- will
go lower or higher with every
press of the button until the lowest
or highest speedis
reached.
.:.
'
.,
.,
Defrost
BLEND: This setting directsthe airflow to the
instrument paneloutlets and the floor outlets.
FLOOR: Pressing this settingdirects all airflow tothe
floor outlets.
DEFOG: This setting directsthe airflow tothe
windshield andfloor areas.
VENT: Use this setting when you
don't want to coolthe
air coming into your vehicle.
The airflow will come
from the instrument panel outlets.
OFF: When the systemis off, the ventilation allowsair to
flow through the heater ducts while the vehicle
is moving.
The exterior temperature will show
in the display area.
Fan Speeds
The speed of the blower fanis controlled automatically
if you have thefan on AUTO. However, youcan control
the fan blower speed withthe FAN button.
Defrost will work better
if any ice and snowis cleared
from the hood a d the air-inletarea betweenthe hobd
and the windshield.
Blower speed will be controlled automatically,
or you
can choose another speed by pressing
the FAN button.
Rear WindowDefogger .(Option)
The lines yousee on the
rear window warrn the glass
to remove fog and ice. Press
the button to start warming
your window. After
10 minutes, it will gooff by
itself, or pressingthe button
again during theheatin&,!!:I:, ,
Audio Systems
Your Delco' audio system has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pIeqsure. Youwill get
the most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint yourself witb
it first.' Find out whatyour Delco'system can do and
how to operateall of its controls, to be sure you're
getting the most outof the advanced engineering that
weqt into it.
Setting the Clock
1. Press and holdHRS until the correct hour appears.
2. Press and holdMIN until the correct minute appears.
If you need additional warming time, press the button again.
If you have the heated outside rearview mirrors option, the
-mirrors will be warmed when the
rear defogger is on.
'Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle license
.or decal across the.defogger g$d on the rear window.
~~
NOTTCE:.
Don't use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn't be covered by your warranty.
AM/FM Stereo Radio with Cassette Tape
Player
: .
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being played or
the clock display.To change
what is normally shown on the.display (stationor time),
press the knob until you seethe display you want, then
hold the knob untilthe display flashes.If you pressthe
knob when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
Press the lower knob select
to
FM1, FM2 or AM.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to c@ose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the forwardor backward arrow togo to
the next higheror lower station.The sound will be
muted while seeking.
SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appearin the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK buttons again to stop
scanning.
I
I.
Playing the Radio
Turn the VOLUME knob to turn the system on and
off.
VOLUME: Turn the upperknob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume
,
\
3-7
Presets: p e six pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You %an set up to 18 stations (sixAM,
six FM 1 and six FM2).
1. Press AM FM to select the band.
2. Find the station you want.
3. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons.
4. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the
button.
Whenever?youpress that numbered button, the station
you set ~ i ireturn.
l
P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to eachof your preset
stations for a few seconds. The radio will
go to thefirst
preset station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo on to the
next preset station. Press
P SCAN again to stop
scanning.
Setting the Tone
Playing a CassetteTape
The longer side with the tape visible shouldface to the
right. The tape will begin playingas soon as you insert
it. If you hear nothingor hear a garbled sound,
the tape
may not bein squarely. Press EJECTto remove the tape
and start over.
While the tape is playing, usethe VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, TREB and BASS controls
just as you dofor the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tapeis inserted. The display will show an arrow to
indicate whichside of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition
or radio is
off, first press EJECTor RECALL. Note that cassette
tape adapter kitsfor portable compact disc players will
not work in yourcassette player. These adapters will
cause an error message in the display, andthe adapter
cassette will be ejected.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to search
for the next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape
must have at least three seconds
of silence between each
selection for SEEK to work.
443): Press this buttonto reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will
play while the tape reverses.
bb(4): Press this buttonto advance quickly to another
part of the tape. Press the button again
to return to
playing speed.The radio will play while the tape
advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the
side of the
tape that is playing.
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The display will show either
OFF or ONfor a few
seconds when you pressthe button.
Dolby@B Noise Reduction is manufactured under
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
DOLBYandthesymbolaretrademarks
of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
3-9
CLN: This message may appear on the display.
If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It
will still play tapes, but you should clean
it as soonas
possible to prevent damage toyour tapes and player.See
“Care of Your Cassette Tape Player”in the Index.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT
for
five seconds to resetthe CLN indicator.“- - -” will
:appear in the display to show the indicator was reset.
A”
Stereo Radios with Automatic Tone
Control (Option)
the button until you see
the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes.
If you pressthe
button when the ignition is
off, the clock will show
for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to getAM, FM1 or FM2.
The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio
stations.
If your Buick has a radio with Automatic Tone Control, SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
the instructions below will explain how to use the radio.higher or lower station.The sound will be muted while
To find out if your radio has Automatic Tone Control, seeking.
look for a TONE button.If the system has one, you have SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
Automatic Tone Control.If not, see the system
and SCAN will appearin the display. Use SCAN to
explained earlier in this section.
listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
a station,stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
Playing the Radio
station. PressSEEK again to stop scanning.
Press the VOLUME knob to turn the system on
and off.
Presets: The six pushbuttonslet you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to18 stations (six AM,
VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase
six FM1 and six FM2). You can also set an equalization
volume. Turnit counterclockwise to decreasevolume
setting with each preset station.
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
1. Press AM FM to select the band.
being played or the clock display.
To change whatis
normally shown on the display (station or time), press 2. Find the station you want.
3. Press TONEto choose the equalization setting for
the station.
4. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons.
TREB: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble.The middle position
is a detent.
5. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the
Push the knobs backin when you’re not using them.
button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the station
and the equalization you
set will return.
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will
set
the 12 strongest FM or thesix strongest AM stations on
your preset buttons.To return to the stations you
manually set, press the AUTO SET button again.
P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to eachof your preset
stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to the first
preset station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on
to the
next preset station. PressP SCAN again tostop
scanning.
Setting theTone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Twn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.The middle positionis
a detent.
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble
and bass equalization settings designed
for classical,
pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you
first press
TONE.Each time you pressit, another setting will
appear on the display. Press
it again afterC&W appears
and MANUALwill appear. Tone control will
return to
the treble and bass knobs.
Also, if you use the treble and
bass knobs, control will return
to them and MANUAL
will appear.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to left
the or right speakers. The
middle positionis a detent and balances the speakers.
FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob
to move the sound to the
fiont or rear speakers. The middle
position is a detent and balances the speakers.
Push the knobs backin when you’re not using them.
3-11
While the tapeis playing, use theVOLUME, FADE,
BAL, TREB and BASS controlsjust as you dofor the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show
TAPE and an
arrow to indicate which side
of the tapeis playing.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
PREV (1): Press this button to searchfor the previous
selection on the tape.Your tape must have at least
three secondsof silence between each selectionfor
PREV to work.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search
for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selectionfor
NEXT to work.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The SEEK down and up arrowswill also find the
The longer side with the
tape visible shouldface to the
previous and next selections on
the tape.
right. The tape will begin playing as soon as you insert
it. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape 4 4 3 ) : Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
The radio will
may not be in squarely. Press EJECT to remove the tape Press it again to return to playing speed.
play
while
the
tape
reverses.
and start over.If you want toinsert a tape when the
ignition is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
3-12
bb(4):Press this button to advance quickly to another
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
playing speed. The radio will play whiie the tape
advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to changethe side of the
tape that is playing.
(6): Press this buttonto reduce background noise.
Dolby' B Noise Reductionis manufactured under
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
DOLBY and the an symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporatioo.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio whena tape
is in the player.
Playing a Compact Disc
SOURCE: Press this knob to change
to the tape
function when the radiois on. TAPE with an arrowwill
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
appear on the display when the tape
is active.
player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
3-13
Dolby@B Noise Reduction is manufactured under
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
DOLBY and thedo symbol are trademarksof Dolby
Laboratories bicensing Corporation.
AUTO PRE@CT Press it and the system will set the
12 strongest FM or the six strongestAM stations on
your preset buttons.To return tothe stations you
manually set, pressthe AUTO PRESET button again.
(This button performsthe same function as AUTO
SET
described above.)
Combined CassetteKD Player
-- Unique Features
00:The player automatically reduces background
noise from Dolby@BNR-encoded tapes.
EJECT The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the
button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Press the
button nearthe tape slot to remove a tape.
The radio will
PlaySOURCE: Press this knob to change the
to tape or disc
function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a disc
are installed, the system will first go to tape play;
TAPE
will appear on the display.
If SOURCE is pressed again,
the system willgo to disc play; CD will appear on the
display.
3-15
THEFTLOCK’”
Your system has thisfeature if it shows “Theftlock”on
its face. THEFTLOCK” is a theft-deterrent feature that
can be used or ignored.If you ignoreit, your system will
play normally. If you use it, your system
can’t be turned
on ifit is stolen becauseit locks anytime battery power
‘
is removed. To unlockit, a code must be entered.
4. Press buttons 1 and 4 at $he same h e and holq until
“- - -” shows on the display.
You now have only 15 seconds between eachof the
following steps.
$
5. Press MIN and “000” will appear onthe display.
6 . Press MIN again andhold untilthe last two digitsof
-,
your code appear.
These instructions will tell you how to enter a code into
7. Press and hold‘ H R S until thefirst digit or digitsof
your system. Theyalso tell you how to unlockthe
your code appear.
system with your code and how to shut
off the
THEFTLOCK TM system.
8. Press AM FM after you makesure the code matches
the one you wrote down.“rEP” will appear on the
Entering a Code
display, meadng you should repeat Steps5 through 7.
1. Write down any number from 000 to 1999. This is
9. After you repeat the steps, pressAM FM. SEC
your code.
should appear onthe display, meaning your systemis
secured. If your ignition is off, “Theftlock” will flash
2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
in the display.
3. Turn the radio off.
:
Store the paper with your code written on
in ait safe place.
3-16
Unlocking the System
Disabling THEFTLOCK
If battery power is removed for any reason, LOC will
appear onthe display when poweris reapplied. You will
need to enter your code to unlockthe system. You have
only 15 seconds between eachof the followingsteps.
If you want to turnoff THEFTLOCK”, you will need
to enter your code.
If you lose or forget your code, see
your dealer.
1. Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear on
the display.
2. Press MIN and “000” will appear onthe display.
TM
1. Press buttons 1 and 4 at the same time and holduntil
“SEC” shows on the display.
You now have only 15 seconds between eachof the
following steps.
3. Press MIN again and hold untilthe last two digitsof
your code appear.
2. Press MIN and “000” will appear on the display.
4. Press and holdHRS until the first digit or digitsof
your code appear.
3. Press MIN again and hold until thelast two digits of
your code appear.
5. Press AM FM after you make sure the code matches 4. Press and hold HRS until the first digit or digits of
the one you wrote down. SEC should appear on the
your code appear.
display, meaning you can now use your system, and 5. Press AM FM after you make sure the code matches
it is secured.
the one you wrote down.“- - -” should appear on the
display, meaning your system is unsecured.
3-17
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damagefrom loud noise is alrncst undetectable
until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume controlon your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adaptsit.to
To help avoid hearing lossor damage:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
3-18
I NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
CB radio, mobile
vehicle like a tape player,
telephone or two-way radio =- be sure you can
add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very
important to doit properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation
of
your vehicle’s engine, Delco@radio or other
systems, and even damage them. And, your
vehicle’s systems mayinterfere with the
operation of sound equipmentthat has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check
with
your dealer and be
sure to check Federal rules
covering mobileradio and telephoneunits.
--
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo willgive you the best sound, butFM signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can
interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater thanfor FM,
especially at night.The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other.
AM can also
pick up noisefrom things like storms and power lines.
To lower this noise, try reducing the treble level.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player thatis not cleaned regularlyis subject to
reduced sound quality, ruiningthe cassette, or damaging
the mechanism. Tape cassettes that
are not properly
stored in theirplastic cases away from contaminants,
direct sunlight, and extreme heat may not operate
properly and could cause premature
failure of the tape
player.
Your tape player should be cleaned with every
50 hours
of use to provide optimum performance. Your radio may
display CLNto indicate that you have used your tape
player for 50 hours without resettingthe tape clean
timer. (See “Playing a Cassette Tape” earlier
in this
section.) If you notice a reductionin sound quality,
regardless of when the tape player was last cleaned, try
playing a different cassette to
see if the tape orthe tape
player is at fault. If the second cassette resultsin no
improvement in sound quality,
try cleaning the tape
player.
Proper tape player cleaning should be
done with a
scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaner cassette. This is a
wet-type cleaning system that uses a cleaning cassette
with pads which scrubthe tape head as the hubs
of the
cleaner cassette turn.To properly clean your tape player,
follow the instructions with the cleaning cassette.
If you
use this typeof cleaner, the radio may display an error
and eject the cartridge. This is normal and is the result
of an added feature inthe tape player that detects broken
tapes. If an error occurs, you will need
to insert the
cleaning cassette at least three times to thoroughly clean
the tape player.
You may prefer to use a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner. This typeof cleaner uses afabric belt to clean
the tape head.This type of cleaner cassette will not
cause an error, butit may not cleanthe tape player as
thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
A scrubbing action cleaner is available through your
dealer (GM Part No. 12344600).
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged.If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten
it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, asit might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every oncein a while to beSure the mast isstill
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may tightened to the fender.
degrade over time. Always verify that the cassette tape
Power Antenna Mast Care
is in good condition andthe tape player is clean before
obtaining serviceon your tape player.
Your power antenna will look its best and work well if
it's cleanedfm.mAme
' .t~ t i q To
~ clean&e .g&e-m-q~.
Care of Your Compact Discs
mast:
Handle discs carefully.Store them in their original cases
x other protective cases and away from direct sunlight 1. Turn on the ignition and radioto raise the antenna.
md dust. If the surfaceof a discis soiled, dampen a
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spiritsor
:lean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
equivalent solvent.
:lean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping
the outer edges or the
2dge of the hole andthe outer edge.,:
3-20
3. Wipe the cloth over
the mast sections,
removing any dirt.
I NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
NOTICE:
4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth.
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning
the
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Then repeat if necessary.
Before enteringan automatic carwash, turn off
your radio to make the power antenna
go down.
This will prevent the mast from
possibly getting
damaged. If the antennadoes notgo down when
you turn the radiooff, it may bedamaged or
need to becleaned. In eithercase, lower the
antenna by hand by carefully pressing the
antenna down.
If the mast portionof your antenna is damaged,
you can
easily replaceit. See your dealerfor a replacementkit
and follow the instructions in the kit.
-
3-21
NOTES
I
.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
I
The best advice anyonecan give about drivingis: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device
in your
in the Index.)
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts”
Defensive driving really means
“be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways,
it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are going
to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they ,might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about
the most preventableof
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’sthe best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving.You never
Here you’ll find information about driving on different know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
kinds of roads andin varying weather conditions. We’ve or turn suddenly.
also included many other
useful tips on driving.
4-1
I
I
of wine or three mixed drinksif each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double
martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking
will have a
somewhat lowerBAC level.
4-3
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go whereBraking action involvesperception time and reaction
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and time.
the accelerator. All three systems haveto do their work
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
at the places wherethe tires meetthe road.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and doit. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average.It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination,
and eyesight all play a part.
So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be alot of distance in an emergency,so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surfaceof the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the conditionof the road (wet, dry,icy); tire
tread; and the conditionof your brakes.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snowice,
or it’s
easy to ask more
of those control systems than
the tires
and road can provide. That means you lose
can control
of your vehicle.
4-5
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
spurts heavy acceleration followed by heavy
Your Buick has an advanced electronic braking system
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This
is a
that will help prevent a braking skid.
mistake. Your brakes maynot have time tocool between
hard stops.Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
This light on the
do alot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
instrument panel will
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
come on briefly when
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
you start your vehicle.
better braking and longer brake life.
--
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes.
If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down.
If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will useit when you brake. Once the power assist
is
used up, it may take longer tostop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
ANTI
LOCK
When you start your vehicle and begin to drive away,
you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise.
And
you may even notice that your brake pedal moves
littlea
while this is going on. This is the ABS system testing
itself. If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake
system, the anti-lock brake system warning light will
stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake SystemWarning Light” in the
Index.
4-6
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer
is
programmed to makethe most of available tireand road
conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s
say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenlyan animal jumps out in
front of you.
ABS.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with
A computer senses that wheelsare slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling,the computer will
separately workthe brakes at eachfront wheel and at the
rear wheels.
You can steeraround the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-7
I
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need
to get yourfoot up to the brake pedal. If you get too
close to the vehicle
in h n t of you, you won’thave time
to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or
stops. Always leave enoughroom up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes.
Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lock work for you. You may hearthe
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and
feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but thisis normal.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
w e . In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
I
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s importantto take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lotof the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each
of us is subjectto
the same lawsof physics when driving on curves.
The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it
possible for the vehicle to change
its path when youturn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle goingin the same direction.If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends
on the
condition of your tires andthe road surface, the angleat
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the
one factor you can
control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then
you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-steering and acceleration-- have to dotheir work where
the tires meetthe road. Adding the sudden acceleration
can demand too muchof those places. You can lose
control.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective than
braking. For example, you come over hill
a and find a
truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out
from nowhere, or a child darts
out~frombetween parked
cars and stops right in front
of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking -- if you can stopin time. But
sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for
evasive action-- steering around the problem.
Your Buickcan perform very wellin emergencies like
these. First apply your
brqes. (See “Braking in
What should you doif this ever happens? Ease up on the Emergencies” earlierin this section.) Itis better to
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want
it
remove as much speedas you can from a possible
to go, and slow down.
collision. Thenstier around the problem, to theleft or
right depending on the space available.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at
favorable conditions you’llwant.to go slower.
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions,you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
If you needto reduce your speed as you approach a
gast, steer quickly, and
curve, doit before you enter the curve, while your front either hand. But you have to act
just as quickly straightenthe wheel once you have
wheels are straight ahead.
&voided the object.
Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the
The fact that such emergency situations are always
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at
accelerate untilyou are out of the curve, and then
all times and wear safety belts properly.
accelerate gently intothe straightaway.
4-9
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
The driverof a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waitsfor just the right moment,
accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again.
A simple maneuver?
If the level of the shoulderis only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease
off the
accelerator and then, if there
is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up 114
to turn untilthe
turn
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
your steeriag wheel to go straight down the roadway.
APPROX.
QUARTER TURN
LEFT
y
/
4-10
edge of paved
surface
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle
on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an errorin
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver
face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tipsfor passing:
“Drive ahead.”Look down the road, to the sides, and
to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns.If you have any doubt whatsoever
about makinga successful pass, wait for a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines.
If you can seea sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken
center line usually indicates it’s
all right topass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
solid
a
line on your sideof the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
Do not get too close tothe vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaitingan opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area
of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also,
you won’thave adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
0
When it looks like a chance to passis coming up,
start to accelerate but stay
in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move
so you will be
increasing speedas the time comes to move
into the
other lane. If the wayis clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes for
upthe
distance you wouldlose by dropping back. And
if
something happensto cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn.But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass
the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start yourleft lane change signal before moving
out
of the right lane to pass. When you are
far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see
its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right
lane change signal
and move back intothe right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror
is convex. The vehicleyou
just passed may seem to be farther away
from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a timeon
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicletoo rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing,
it may
be slowing downor starting to turn.
If you’re being passed,make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead
of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
4-11
c
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink aad drive.
0
Adjust yourinside rearview mirror to reducethe
glare from headlamps behind you.
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need toslow
down and keep more space between you and other
vehicles.
0
Slow down, especiallyon higher speed roads.Your
headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watchfor animals.
If you’re tired,pull off the road in a safe place and
rest.
0
Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely be
to impaired -- by
alcohol ordrugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-13
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as
in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much lightseetothe
same thingat night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime
can also affect your night
vision. For example,if you spendthe day in bright
sunshine you are wise
to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glarefrom headlamps, but theyalso make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded
by approaching lights.It
can take a second or
two, or even several seconds,for
your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you are faced
with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower
the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps),
slow down alittle. Avoid staring directly into the
approaching lights.
I
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Driving toofast,through large water puddlesor even
going through some'car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes.Try to avoid gpddles.
But if you can't, try to slowdown before you hit them.
4-16
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build
up
under your tires that they can actually
ride on the water.
This can happenif the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with
the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But
it can if your
tires haven’t much tread or the
if pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Turn on your low-beam headlamps -- not just your
parking lamps -- to help make you more visible to
others.
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires’’ inthe Index.)
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard andfast rule about hydroplaning.The
best adviceis to slow down whenit is raining.
4-17
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your
safety in city driving:
i
0
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,
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Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the cityjust as you would for a cross-country
trip.
Try to use the freeways thatrim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal.A traffic light
is there because the corner
is busy enough to needit.
When a light turns green, and
just before you st= to
move, check both waysfor vehicles that haven.ot
cleared the intersection or may be running the red
light.
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.
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One of the biggest problems with city streets the
is
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out
for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
..3: .
Freeway Driving
At the entrance there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view
of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic.Trpi,determine where you expect to
blend with the flow.Try to merge intothe gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch
on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder
as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speedtheto
posted limit or to the prevailing rate
if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving onthe freeway, make certainyou
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slowerat night.
Mile for mile, freeways(also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest
When you want toleave the freeway, move to the proper
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
lane wellin advance. If you miss your exit do not, under
The most important advice on freeway driving
is: Keep
any circumstances, stop and
ba&up. Drive on to the
up with traffic and keepto the right. Drive at the same
next exit.
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast
or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the The exit ramp can be curved, sometimesquite sharply.
left laneon a freeway as a passing
lane.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some thtngs you can check before a trip:
:Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
*to your sense
of motion. After drivingfor any distance
:at higher speeds, you may tend
to think you are going
:slower than you actually are.
e Windshield Washer Fluid:
Is the reservoir full? Are
Before Leaving on a LongTrip
e
all windows clean inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
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.
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,
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
e Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
:Make sure you're ready.Try to bewell rested. If you
rmust start when you're not fresh-- such as after a day's
e Tires: They are vitally important to
a safe,
that part
,work -- don't plan to make too many miles first
trouble-fiee trip. Is the tread good enoughfor
.of the journey. Wear Comfortable clothing and shoes you
long-distance driving? Arethe tires all inflated to
the
can easily drivein.
recommended pressure?
1s your vehicle readyfor a long trip?If you keepit
e Weather Forecasts:What's the weather outlook
;serviced and maintained,it's ready to go. Ifit needs
trip a short
along your route? Should you delay your
;service, haveit done before starting out.
Of course,
time to avoid a major storm system?
:you'll find experienced and able service experts
in
e Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
:Buick dealersall across North America.They'll be
ready and willing to help
if you need it.
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Oris it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum
of the tires on the
road, the droneof the engine, and the rushof the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’tit let
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle canleave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
What can youdo about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware thatit can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, witha
comfortably cool interior.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving inflat or rolling terrain.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors
and,your
If you drive regularly in steep country, iforyou’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
instruments frequently.
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
If you get sleepy, pull off the roadinto a rest, service,
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
levels and alsothe brakes, tires, cooling system and
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on
the highway as
transmission. These parts can work hard
on
an emergency.
mountain roads.
4-21
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know isthis: let your engine do some
of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go
down a steepor long hill.
4-22
0
Know how to go uphill.You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool
your
engine and transmission, and you can climb
the hil1
better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wideor c1u t
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the top
of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane,
like a stalled car or an
accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area, or
winding roads. Bealert to these and take appropriate
action.
.
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^
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Winter Driving
,.
Here are some tipsfor winter driving:
Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure
your engine coolantmix is correct.
You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin
your vehicle.
I
,
.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or
broom, a supply.
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a
couple of reflective warning triangles.And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, includesmall
a bag
of sand, a pieceof old carpet or a couple
of burlap bags
to help provide traction.Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-23
least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s
about freezing(32” F; 0” C) and freezing rain begins to
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
road probably have good traction.
crews can get there.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently.
lot less tractionor “grip” andwill need to be very careful.
Try notto break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under’thetires even more.
Driving onSnow or Ice
Your anti-lock brakes improveyour ability tomake.a
hard stop on a slippery road. Even though you
have the
anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping
sooner than you would
on-dry pavement. See
“Anti-Lock‘’ in the Index.
What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because
it may offerthe
0
Allow greater following distance on any slippery
road.
0
Watch for slippery spots. The road might befine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.
On an
otherwise clear road,ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass
m
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patchof ice aheadof you, brakebefore you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been
stopped by the snow. Put
on extra clothingor wrap a
.blanket around you..
If you have no
blankits or extra
clothing, makebody insulators from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags,floor mats -- anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
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You can run the engineto keep warm, butbe careful.
If you are stoppedby heavy snow, you could be ina
serious situation.You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless youknow for sure that you are ne& help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
thmgs to do tos u m o n help and keep yourself and your
a red
passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie
4-25
Run your engineonly as longas you must. This saves
fuel. Whenyou run the engine, makeit go alittle faster
than just idle. Thatis, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the
battery charged.You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling lateron
with your headlamps. Let
the heater runfor awhile.
Then, shutthe engine off and closethe window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeatthis only when youfeel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do
it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm,you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour orso until help comes.
4-26
Loading Your Vehicle
@I
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
FRT. CTR. RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
\
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR
FRT GAWR RR
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
TIRE SIZE
PRESSURE
SPEED
RTG
PSIKPa
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa
SEE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATiON
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
I
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight
it
may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Information label
found onthe rear edge of the driver’s door tells you
the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle.It also gives you
important information aboutthe number of people that
can be in your vehicle andthe total weight that you can
carry. This weightis called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includesthe weight of all occupants, cargo, and all
options not installedin the factory.
.
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edgeof the driver’s door.It tells you the gross
weight capacityof your vehicle, calledthe GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includesthe
weight of the vehicle,all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceedthe GVWR for your vehicle,or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)
for either the front or rear
axle.
4-27
If You Do Decide To Pull A nailer
0
If you do, here are some important points.
0
There are many different laws, including speedlimit:
restrictions, having todo with trailering. Make sure
your rig will belegal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving.
A good sourcefor this
information can bestate or provincial police.
0
You should always use a weight distributing
(equalizing) hitchif your trailer will weigh more
than 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg). Consider using
sway control if your
loaded trailer will weigh
3,000 pounds (1 362 kg)or more.
. .
0
Then, duringthe first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over
50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts atfull throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts
of your vehicle wearin at the
heavier loads.
0
Obey speedlimit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster thanthe maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than
55 mph (90 km/h)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts. Avoid continuous
operation in mountainous areas that have grades
greater than2% for longer than5 miles.
0
Change axle lubricant annually
or every 7,500 miles
(12 500 km) of trailer towing, whichever occursfirst.
You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
0
Trailers that weigh more than
1,000 pounds (454 kg)
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
0
Surge brakes may be used on some trailers
( e g boat
trailers). However, surge brakes do not work well
with most sway control devices. Do not use sway
control devices on trailers equipped with surge
brakes.
Don’t tow a trailerat all during thefirst 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your eng >.
axle or other parts could be damaged.
4-31
Three important considerations. have
tri do‘with weight:
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
Weight of the Trailer
The tongue load(A) of any traileris an important
weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle.The capacity weight includes the
curb weightof the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will
be riding in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight,
too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” inthe Indexfor more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than
2,000 pounds (900 kg),
unless you have the optional
5,000 pound (2 250 kg)
trailer towing package. But even that be
cantoo heavy.
I
i
I
It also depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example,speed,altitude,roadgrades,outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And,
it can also depend on any
special equipment that you havk on your vehicle.
You can askyour dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI48550.
In Canada, writeto:
1
GeneralMotors of CanadaLimited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7.
A
B
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh10%of the total loaded trailer
weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing,’ hitch,
the trailer tongue (A) should weigh
12% of the total
loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately,to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around
in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
and sway controlof the proper size. This equipment
is very importantfor proper vehicle loading and
good handling when you’re driving.
Will you have to make any holesin the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do,
then be sureto seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch.If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO)from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide”
in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
@
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated
td the
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
recommended pressure for cold tires. You’llfiid these
bumper-type bitches to them. Use onlya
numbers on the Certification label at the rear edge of the
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Then be sure you don’t go over GVW
the limit for your
Using A Dead Weight Trailer Hitch
vehicle, including the weight
of the trailer tongue.
(Recommended for loaded trailers weighing less than
3,000 lbs.)
Hitches
The trailertongueshouldweigh 10%of thetotal
It’simportant to have the correcthitchequipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are a trailer load (maximum
300 lbs.) or as specified by
the
trailer
manufacturer
to minimize sway.
few reasons why you’ll need
the right hitch. Hereare
Trailers
weigh
than
more
that
1,000 pounds (454 kg)
some rubs
follow:
to
@
If you’llbepullingatrailerthat,
whe.n loaded,willshouldbeequippedwithtrailerbrakes.
weigh more than2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sureto
Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer
use a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch
will weigh 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg) or more.
nailer Hitching Procedure UsingA Weight
Distributing (Equalizing) Hitch
Attach the trailerto the vehicle. The trailer tongue
should weigh 12%of the total loaded trailer weight.
(Recommended for loaded trailers weighing3,000 lbs.
to 7,000
Level the vehicle with the load leveling spring bars
Leave the fuse out while towing your trailer.
Using a weight distributing hitch without disabling the
Electronic Level Control (ELC) system may defeat the Once you have completed towing your trailer, be sure to
purpose of the weight distributing hitch. Also, your rear reinstall the Electronic Level Control (ELC) fuse.
tires may become overloaded.A weight distributing
In Addition
hitch should spread the load to all axles.
If you use a
weight distributing hitch, always disable the ELC by
0 Use two friction sway controls if your traileris over
following,theproper steps.
5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg) loaded weight, and/oris over
24 ft. (7.3 m) long.
Your vehicle is equipped with an Electronic Level
Control (ELC) feature. When hooking up a trailer using
Use at least one fi-iction sway control if your trailer
is
a weight distributing hitch, always use the following
over 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) loaded weight, and consider
procedure:
using one for trailers under 2,000 lbs. (900 kg.)
0 Place the vehicle on a level surface without the
0 Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 pounds (454 kg)
off, and all doors
trailer hitched. With the ignition
should be equipped with trailer brakes.
closed, allow the vehicle
to level automatically.
Surge brakes work with most weight distributing
0 Disable the Electronic Level Control (ELC) by
hitches as long as all the equipment
is properly
pulling the LEVEL CTRL fuse'#9
(30 AMP) from
installed. Check withthe hitch manufacturerfor
the underhood electrical center located on the
advice and installation instructions.
passenger side wheel housing in the engine
If a trailer is over 5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg), adjust the
compartment. Remove the coverto gain access.
vehicle rear tire pressure
to 35 psi (240kPa) (cold
tire pressure).
*
4-34
;
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. -
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. .
Safety Chains
Trailer Wiring Harness
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Crossthe safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will notdrop to the road
if it becomes separatedfrom the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch .
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendationfor attaching safety
chains and do not attach them
to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slackso you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains
to drag on the ground.
The trailer towing package includesfive
a wire harness
found in the rear compartment of your vehicle. You can
go to a recreational vehicle facility to have
it installed.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than
1,000 pounds (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes-- and they must be
adequate. Be sureto read and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakesso you’ll beable to install, adjust and
maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock
brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake
system. If youdo, both brake systems won’t work well,
or at all.
Driving witha Trailer
Towing atrailer requires a certain amount
of experience.
Before settingout for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with
the feel of
handling and braking withthe added weightof the
trailer. And always keepin mind thatthe vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle
is by itself.
Before you start, checkthe trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment.
If the trailer has
electric brakes,start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure
the brakes are working. Thislets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Fonowing Distance
Stay at least twice asfar behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
Making 'hms
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
You'll need more passing distance up ahead when
you're towing a trailer. And, because you're a good deal
longer, you'll need to go much farther beyondthe
When you're turning with a trailer, make wider turns
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
than normal. Do this so your trailer won't strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects.
Backing Up
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers.Signal well in
Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand.
advance.
Then, to move the trailer to the left,
just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer the
to right, move your
hand tothe right. Alwaysback up slowly and,if
possible, have someone guide you.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a
different turn signalflasher and extra wiring.The green
arrows on your instrument panel will
flash whenever
you signal a turn or
lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also
flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn,change lanes or stop.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than
2,000 pounds (900 kg), you should drive inTHIRD (3)
instead of OVERDRIVE
or, as you need to, a lower
gear. This will help your transmission.
(a)
Parking onHills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill.If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. Peoplecan be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel willflash for turns even ifthe bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you maythink drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to doit:
important tocheck occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear
before you start
down a longor steep downgrade.If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around45 mph (70 km/h) to reducethe
possibility of engine and transmission overheating.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes untilthe chocks absorbthe load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift toPARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-37
When You Are Readyto Leave After
Parking ona Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
0
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
-
Engine Cooling When Trailering
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions such as:
Climbing grades steeper than 4% at temperatures
above 90" F (32" C) with a loaded vehicle and
trailer.
0
I
0
Stopping after high-speed driving.
Idling for long periods instop and go traffic.
4-38
If the TEMP warning light comes on, pull to the of
side
the road as soon as it is safe to do
so. When the vehicle
is ata complete stop, shift the transmission selector to
PARK (P) and allowthe engine toidle. If your
Electronic Climate Control system ison, shut it off. Do
not turn off the engine or increase engine speed above a
normal idle. Within two or three minutes, the system
should cool sufficiently, and you can turn on the
Electronic Climate Control. At that time, resume driving
at a reduced speed. Return to normal driving after
10 minutes if theTEMP warning light is not displayed.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you're
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule
for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don't
overfill), engine oil,axle lubricant, belts, cooling
system, and brake adjustment. Each
of these is covered
in this manual, and the Index will help you find them
quickly. If you're trailering, it's a good idea to review
these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically tosee that all hitch nutsand bolts are tight.
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that
can occuron the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know
you have a problem. Yourfront and
rear turn signal lamps willflash on ando€f.
Press the buttonin to make
your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and
Off.
Your hazard warningflashers work no matter what
position your keyis in, and even ifthe key isn’tin.
5-1
To Jump Start Your h i c k
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables
can reach, but be surethe vehicles aren’t touching
each other.If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your Buick, andthe bad grounding could
damage the electrical Systems.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.Turn off all
lamps that aren’t needed, and radios. This
will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. And
it could
save your radio!
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered
by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoqds and locatethe batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) t e k n a l s on each
battery.
5-3
5.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
9.
If it won’t start aftera few tries, it probably needs
service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse orderto prevent
electrical shorting. Takecare that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal. Follow
this order.
GOOD BAlTERY
DEAD BAlTERY
10. Now start the vehiclewith the good battery and run
the enginefor a while.
5-6
ng,do
Towing Your
Vehicle
Trytohavea GM dealeroraprofessionaltowinglamps,,
service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is
a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift(B) or car carrier (C) tow
you Before
truck.
If your
vehicle
been
has
changed
or modified
since
it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like
fog
aero skirting,orspecialtiresandwheels,these
kaimctions and ui&-ationsmay not be correct.
flashers.
turn onwarning
the hazard
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle has rear-wheel drive.
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
Whether you canstill move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations.The operator may want to
see them.
5-7
When your vehicleis being towed, havethe ignition key
off. The steering wheel should be clamped
in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column 1ock.forthis. The transmission should
be in NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the rear wheels,
unless you must.If the vehicle mustbe towed on the
rear wheels, don’tgo more~than35 mph (55 km/h) or
farther than50 miles (80 km)or your transmission will
be damaged.If these limits must be exceeded, thenthe
rear wheels haveto be supported on a dolly.
5-9
Rear Towing Hookups
Attach T-hook chains to slots in theframe rails just
ahead of the rear wheelson both sides.
No 4 x 4 beam is needed. Positionthe lower sling
crossbar directly underthe rear fascia.
Attach a separate safety chain to each side
of the axle
inboard of the spring.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and
the
warning light about a hotengine on your instrument
panel. You will also find a low coolant warning light on
your instrument panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but
see or hear no
steam, the'problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine canget a little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you getthe overheat waming withno sim of stem,
try thisfor a minuteor so:
1. Turn
you1
off
conditioner.
air
~
1
, ’ $
.
,
*
:
2. Turn ,on your heater tofull hot at the highestfan
speed and open the window as nei=essasy.
3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
othertvise, shiftto the highest gear while driving
-AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@)br THIRD (3).
E you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe,drive slower for about ten minutes.
If the waniing doesn’t come backon, you can chve
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, andpark your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes whiie you’re parked, see
to if
the warning stops.But then, if you still havethe
warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyoneout of the
vehicEe until it coois down.
You may decide not tolift the hood but to get service
help right away.
When you decide it’s safe lift
to the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
1. CoolantSurgeTankwithPressureCap
’. ,<. .F.
2. Electric Engine Fan(s)
. . . . . .. .
,
-
,
’ -
,
.
’
' i
How to Add Coolant tothe Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven’tfound a problem yet, but
the coolant level
isn’t at FULL COLD, adda 50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at the
coolant surgetank,but be s u e the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is cool
before you do it. (See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor
more information aboutthe proper coolant mix.)
5-14
I NOTICE:
,
.In.:cpld weather, Hater can freeze, and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other
parts.
So use the recommended coolant.
5-15
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap when the
cooling system,
inclufing the coolant
surge tank pressure cap
and upper radiator hose;
is no longer hot.Turn
&e pressure cap slowly
about one-quarter turn
to the leftand then stop.
If you heara hiss, wait for that to stop.A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-16
1. Then keep tuming the
pressure cap slowly, and
remove it.
3. Then fill the coolant surgetank with the propermix,
up.to FULL COLD.
.,,.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,start the
engine andlet itrun until youcan feel the upper
radiator hose gettinghot. Watch out for the engine
fans.
By this time, the co-olantlevel inside the coolant
surge tank maybe lower. If the levelis lower, add
more of the proper mix to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches
FULL COLD.
Then replacethe
pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure capis tight.
Now you are readyto start using the jack and wheel
wrench to raise your vehicle.
5-22
Attach the wheel wrench to
the bolt at the end
of the
jack.
.
.
Rotate the wheel wrench clockwise
to slightly raise the
lift head.
Using the wheel wrench, loosen
all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
Position the jack under the vehicle, near theflat tire.
There are two holes inthe frame near each of the
wheels. Raise thejack so the jack head fits into the large
circular hole.
5-23
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
or may allow
positioned will damage the vehicle
the vehicle to fan
off the jack. Be sure fit
to the
jack lift head mto the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Raise the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle
far enough off the ground
so there is enough room
for the spare tire to fit.
Remove all the wheel nuts and take
off the flat tire.
Replace the wheel nutswith
the rounded endof the nuts
toward the wheel.
I Tighten each nutby hand
:
Remove a y rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare wheel.
Place the spare an the wheel
mounting surface.
.
3
. .
'!
Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lowerthe jack completely.
Don’t tryto put a wheel coveron your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel coverin the.trunk or
rear area until you have
the flat tire repairedor replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’tfit on your compact spare.’
If
you try to put a wheel cover
on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the hpare.
On the sedan, replace thejack, flat tire, and wheel
wrench and tighten the wing nut on the screw.
1. Wing Nut
2. Wrench
P
3. Compact Spare
4. Full-Size Spare
P
5. Jack Cover (If Provided)
6. Jack
7. Screw (Hold-down)
8. Floor Bracket
5-27
Pillar Trim Panel
2. Flwr Ch.anhel
. 1.
3. Cover
4. clip
5 . Disc
6. Wing Nut
7. Bolt
8. Wing Bolt
9. Wrepch
10. Jack
11. Lift Strap
Compact Spare Tire (If
So Equipped)
Although the compact spare was fully inflated when
your vehicle wasnew, it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflationpressuTe regularly.It should beBO psi
(420 Wa). After installingthe compact spare on your
vehicle, you shouldstop as soon as possible and make
sure your spare tire
is correctly inflated.The compact
spare is made to perform well at posted speed limits
for
distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have your
full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want.
Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as youYour
can.
spare will last longer and in
begood shape in case you
need it again.
Your anti-lock brake system warning light may come
on
when you are driving with a compact spare. See
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” the
in Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t take your compact spare througn
an
automatic carwash with guiderails. The
compact sparecan get caught on therails. That
can damage the tire and
wheel, and maybe other
parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on some other vehicle.
And don’tmix your compact spare or wheel with other
wheels or tires. They won’tfit. Keep your spare andits
wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chainswon’t fit your compact spare.Using
them win damage yourvehicle and destroy the
chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact
spare.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud, Ice or
NOTICE:
Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle
is stuck is
to spin your wheels too
fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as wen as the tires.If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transmission back
and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains’’in the Index.
Rocking your vehimclme to get it out:
First, turn your steering wheel
left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheelsas little as possible. Releasethe
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when
the transmission is in gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out.If you do need to be towed out,
see
“Towing Your Vehicle’’in the Index.
NOTES
I
5-32
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
I
i
I
Here you will find information aboutthe care of your
Buick. This section begins with service and fuel
infomation, apd thenit shows how tocheck important
fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical
infomation about your vehicle, and a part devoted
to its
appearance care.
Service
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy withit. We hope you’llgo to your
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine
GM partsand GM-trained and supportedservice people.
We hope you’ll wantto keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts haveone of these marks:
Delco
6-1
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want todo someof your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you
much more about how to service your Buick than this
manual can.To order the proper service manual, see
“Service Publications’’in the Index.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work,see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and thedate of any ‘service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Iridex.
I NOTICE:
If you try to do your
own service work without
knowing enough about it, your vehicle could
be
danihged.
6-2
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane
or
higher. It should meet specificationsA-STM D4814,h
the United States and CGSB3.5-92 in Canada. These
fuels should havethe proper additives,so you should not
have to add anything to
the fuel.
In the UnitedStates and Canada, it’seasy to be sureyou
get the right kindof gasoline (udeaded). You’ll see
UNLEADED right on the pump. And only unleaded
nozzles willfit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octaneis at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine.
If you’re usingfuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, yourengine needs service.
But don’tworry if you hear alittle pinging noise when
you’re acceleratingor driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t haveto buy a higher octanefuel to getrid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
What about gasoline with blending materials that
contain oxygen (oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol?
AfZBE is “methyl tertiary-butylether.” Fuel that is no
more than 15%W B E is fine for your vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blendeg
fuel
that is no Tore than 10% ethanol is fine for yoqr
vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
I NOTICE:
Fuel that is more than5% methanol is bad for
your vehicle. Don’t use it.It can corrode metql
parts in your fuel system and also damaiF plastic
and’rubber parts. That damage woyldn’fpe
covered under your warranty. And even 5%
at or
less, there must be “cosolvents’’ and corrosion
ireventers in this fuel to help avoid these
problems.
I
',
j
I
!
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will
help prevent deposits from forming
in your engine and
fuel system. That helps keep your engine in tune and
your emission control system *working properly.
It's
good for your vehicle, andyou'll be doing your partfor
cleaner air.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
U.S. or Canada, unleadedfuel may be hardto find. Do
not use leaded gasoline.If you use even one tankful,
your emission controls won't work well or at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust
system can corrode, and your engine
oil can deteriorate
quickly. Your vehicle's oxygen sensor will be damaged.
Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates.
General Motors recommends that you use gasolines withAll of that means costly repairs that wouldn't be covered
these blending matei-ials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By by your warranty.
doing so, you can help clean the air, especially
in those
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide
contact a majoroil company that does businessin the
levels.
country where you'll be driving.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing You can also write us the
at following addressfor
reformulated gasolines. These gasolines are specially
advice. Just tell us whereyou're going and give your
designed to reducevehide emissions. General Motors
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
doing so, you can help clean the
air, especially in those
North American Export Sales (NAES)
parts of the country that have high ozone levels.
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
You sh.ould ask yourservice station operatorsif their
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
gasolines contain deposit control additives and
oxygenates, andif they have been reformulated to
reduce
vehicle
emissions.
The wagon gas capis behind a hinged dooron the
driver’s sideof your vehicle.
To take off the cap,turn it slowly to theleft
(counterclockwise).
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline
from
painted surfacesas soon as possible.See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Buick”in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn
it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, sure
be to get the right
If you get
type. Your dealer can get one for you.
the wrong type, it may not
fit or have proper
venting, and your fueltank and emissions system
might be damaged.
Check'rgThings Under the Hood
Lift the hood.
To open the hood,first
puu a&~ h & n d l e ~ ~ $ f &.,:! , ~ ~ & - j ~
vehicle. It is located on
the lower left side of the
instrument panel, nextto the
paking brake.
8 ,
.
I
.
:
I
Before closing the hood,
be sure all the filler caps are on
properly. Thenjust pull the hood down and close
it
firrnly.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release.
6-7
To Check Engine Oil
When to Add Oil
Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel or
cloth, thenpush it back in all the way..Remove .it..again5,
keeping the tip down, and check
the level.
If the oil is at or belowthe ADD line, then you’ll need
to add some oil. But y6u must usethe tight kind. This
part explains whatkind of oil to use. For crarikcase
capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”in the
Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil.
If your engine hasso
much oil that theoil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine.could
be damage&
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere
in the
proper operating range.Push the dipstickall the way
back in when you’re through.
6-9
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils of the proper qualityfor your vehicle can be
identified by lookingfor the “Starburst” symbol.The
“Starburst” symbol indicates thatthe oil has been
ceqified by the American Petroleum Institute(API), and
is preferred for use in your gasoline engine.
I
FOR ‘
If you change your
own oil, be sure you
use oil that has the
“Starburst” symbol on
the front of the oil
container.
RECOMMENDEO SAL VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE UlSCOSlTY GRADE OIL ‘MRTHE EXPECm TEMPERATURE RANGE.
/QF+80-
You should also use the proper viscosity oil
for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
- +27
+60- - + 1 6
-+b
+20---7
0
If you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engineis American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
.c‘
+loo- - t38
+40-
1
LOOK FOR
THIS SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
- --18
I
-
,w/J
COLD
WEATHER
SM 1W-30
IF NEITHER S M JW-30 NOR SAE low-30
GRADE OILS ARE AVAILABLE, SAE 30
GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES
ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C).
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECQMMENDED
I
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, youcan use S A E 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be0” F (- 18 C) or above. These numbers on anoil
container showits viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils,such as S A E 20W-50.
O
NOTIC&:
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (spch as frequent
driving in stop and go traffic).
1
.
Use only engineoil with the American Petroleum
Most tripsare through dusty areas.
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the proper oil 0 You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier onoftop
can result in engine damage not covered by your your vehicle.
warranty.
If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you
need to change youroil and filter every 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first.
GM Goodwrench’ oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil)
If none ofthem is true, change theoil and filter every
meets all the requirementsfor your vehicle.
7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months -- whichever
Engine Oil Additives
comes first.
Don’t add anything to your
oil. Your Buick dealeris
See “Change Oil Indicator” in
the Index for more
ready to adviseif you think something should be added. information on when to change
the oil.
;“
6-11
Engine Coolant Heater
Air Cleaner
An engine coolant heatercan be a big help you
if have
to park outside in very cold weather,
0” F (- 18’ C) or
colder. If your vehicle has this option, see “Engine
Coolant Heater”in the Index.
What to Do with UsedOil
Did you know that used engine
oil contains certain
elements that maybe unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’tlet used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine
oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings aboutthe use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be real
a threat to the environment.
If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing
oil
from thefilter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose
of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouringit on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing
of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
6-12
The air cleaneris located on the driver’s side
of the
engine compartment.Td check or replace the filter,
unscrew the wing nuts and pull
the air cleaner open.
Replace the air filter, close the cover and replace the
wing nuts, making surethe tabs are properly positioned.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
i
Wait atleast 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above90" F (32" C).
At high speed for quite a while.
more with the engine off and is used only as a reference.
Let the engine run
at idle for five minutes if outside
temperatures are50" F (10" C) or more. If it's colder
than 50" F (10 " C), you may have toidle the engine
longer. Should the fluid level be low during a cold
check, youmust perform a hot check before adding
fluid. This will give youa more accurate readingof the
fluid level.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
0 While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
To check the fluid hot or cold
operating temperature, which is180" F to 200" F
0 Park your vehicleon a level place. Keep the engine
(82" C to 93" C).
running.
To check transmission fluid hot:Get the vehicle
0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
warmed up by driving about15 miles (24 km)when
in PARK (P).
outside temperatures are above50" F ( 10" C). If
it's colder than50" F (10" C), drive the vehicle in
0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage moves
lever through each gear range, pausing
for about
and then remains steadyfor ten minutes. Then follow
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
the hot check procedures.
lever inPARK (P).
To check transmission fluid cold:A cold checkis
0 Let the engine run at idle
for three minutes or more.
made after the vehicle has been sitting
for eight hours or
6-14
Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps:
r
1. Flip the handle up and
then pullout the dipstick
and wipeit with a clean
rag or paper towel.
L
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluidlevel must be in the COLD areafor a
cold checkor in the HOT areaor cross-hatched area
for a hot check.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick backin all the way; thenflip the handle
down to lock the dipstickin place.
6-15
1
1
How to Add Fluid
Rear Axle
Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” inthe Index.
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
HOT. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.) If
the fluid levelis low, add only enoughof the proper
fluid to bringthe level up to theHOT area for a hot
check, It doesn’t take muchfluid, generally less than a
pint. Don’t ovefill. We recommend you use only fluid
labeled DEXR0N’-111, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused byfluid other than DEXRON@-I11
is
notcoveredbyyournewvehiclewarranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluidlevel as
described under “How to
Check.’’
0
When the correct fluid levelis obtained, push the
dipstick back inall the way; thenflip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
how
often to check the lubricant and when to changeSee
it.
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections”in the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom
of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the levelto the bottomof the filler plug hole.
What to Use
Standard Differential
Use Axle Lubricant (GMPart No. 1052271) or
SAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant.
Limited-Slip Differential
To addlubricant when the level
is low, use Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1052271) orSAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear
lubricant. To completely refill after draining, 4add
ounces
(118 ml) of Limited-Slip Differential Lubricant Additive
(GM Part No. 1052358). Then
fill to the bottom
of the filler
plug hole with Axle Lubricant (GM
Part No. 1052271) or
SAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant.
I-
I
Engine CooIant
The following explains yo& cooling system
and how to
add coolant whenit is low. If youhave a problem with
engine overheating,see “Engine Overheating”in the
Index.
The proper coolafitfor your Buick will:
Give freezing protection down to-340 F (-37” C).
Give boiling protection up to 262’”
F (128 C).
O
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets “GM
Specification 1825-M,” which won’t damage aluminum
parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush
and refill. Use GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer)
with any complete coolantflush and refill.If you use
this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else.
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine
could overheat and be badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much waterin the mix can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
6-17
If this light comes on, it
means you’re low on
coolant. See “Low Coolant
Light’’ in the Index.
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your surge tang cap is 15
a psi (105 Wa)
pressure-type tap and must be tightly installed to
prevent toolad loss and possible engine damage
from overhdatiag.
J
To Add Coolant
If you need more coolant, addthe proper mix at the
surge tank, but only whenthe engine is cool.
When you replace your surge tank pressure
cap, a GM
cap is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coblant system.The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant throughthe radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@ thermostat
is recommended.
When replacingthe pressure cap, make sure
it is tight.
6-19
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power SteeringFluid
When the engine compartmentis cool, unscrew the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again
and look at the fluid level on
the dipstick.
When the engine compartment is hot, the level should be
at theH mark.
When the engine compartmentis cool, the level should
be atthe C mark.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
What to Add
The power steering cap is to the
left of the engine fan
when you are facing the engine.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
I When
NOTICE:
adding power steering
quid or making a
complete fluid change, always use the proper
fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid ean cause
leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-20
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinderis here. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake
fluid level in
your master cylinder mightgo down. Thefirst is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings
are put in,
the fluid level goes back up.
The other reasonis that
fluid is leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you
should have your brake system fixed, since
leak
a means
that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or
won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a goodidea to “top off’
your brake fluid. Adding brake
fluid won’t correct a
leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then
you’ll have too much fluid when younew
get brake
linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as
necessary, only when workis done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
check your brakefluid. See “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections’’ in the Index.
Brake Wear
I
Continatng to drive with worn-out brake pads
could resuit in costly brake repair.
6-24
Halogen BuIbs
2. Remove the screw from
the bracket.
3. Remove the lamp
Assembly by pulling
forward.
Parkin-rn Sighal bnd Cornering
Lamp BuIb Replacement
4. Remove the electricalconnectors fkom thelatnp assembly
For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see
“Replacement Bulbs”in the Index.
5 . Remove the bulb from
the electrical connectofs.
1. Open the hood.
FRONT /
CORNERING
6. Reverse the stepswith a new bulb.
Taillamp Bulb Replacement (Sedan)
For the proper typeof replacement bulb, see
“Replacement Bulbs”in the Index.
1. Open the trunk.
I 2.
3
4. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb by
lifting the lock tab and pullingit away from the
plastic base.
Remove the nut from the
trunk trim assembly.
3. Pull the taillamp assembly away from the body.
5. To reinstall the headlamp bulb assembly, attach the
4. Disconnect the electrical connectors from the
electrical connector to the plastic base
-- making
taillamp assembly.
sure the lock tab is over the lock. Put the small tab
5. Remove the bulb.
into the small notchin the lamp. Putthe retainer on
and turnit slightly counterclockwiseto lock it into
6. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
place.
6-28
Taillamp Bulb Replacement (Wagon)
4.. .Ftomoutside the vehicle, carefully pull the taillamp
assembly awayfrom the body.
For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see
“Replacement Bulbs” inthe Index.
I
I
1. Remove the two Phillips@head screws.
2. For the passenger’s side taillamp,remove the
housing that coversthe spare tire. For the driver’s
side taillamp, remove the
trim panel.
3. Unscrew the wing nut.
5. Press the bulb housing release lever and turn the
housing a quarter-turn counterclockwise to remove
it.
6. To remove the bulb, push
it in and rotateit
counterclockwise.
7. Reverse allthe steps to reassemble the taillamp
housing.
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
Replacement (Sedan)
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
Replacement (Wagon)
For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see
“Replacement Bulbs”in the Index.
For the proper typeof replacement bulb, see
“Replacement Bulbs”in the Index.
1. Open the tailgate window.
2. Remove the two screws.
1. Open the trunk.
2. Unclip the stoplamp coverfrom the rear windowand
stoplamp assembly.
3. Remove the bulb.
4. Reverse the steps with anew bulb.
3. Bring down the bulb assembly.
For the proper type
of replacement bulb,see
“Replacement Bulbs” inthe Index.
1. Remove the screw and prythe housing from the
mirror assembly.
2. Remove the socket from the housing.
4. Pull the bulb out of its retainer.
5. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
Front Reading Lamp Bulb Replacement
The front reading lampsare part of the automatic
rearview mirror, if your vehicle hasthis option.
3. 1 1 1the bulb from the socket.
4. Reverse the steps with a new bulb.
I
6-31
Tires
We don’t make tires.Your new vehicle comes with
high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
These tires are warrantedby the tire manufacturers and
their warranties are delivered with every new Buick.
If
your spare tire isa different brand than your
road tires,
you will have a tire warranty folder from each
of these
manufacturers.
6-32
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be irispected every
6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km)for any signsof unusual wear.If
unusual wear is present,rotate your tires as soon
as
possible and check wheel alignment. Also check
for
dmaged tires or wheels.See “When it’s Timefor New
Tires” and “Wheei Replacement” later in this section
for
more information.
The purposeof regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wearfor all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation
is the most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index for scheduled rotation interval&
When rotating your tires, always use of
onethe correct
rotation pgtterns shown here.
i
6-34
I
J-
@
I
If your vehicle has a compact spare
tire, don’t includeit
in your tire rotation.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size
of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle whenit was new had
a Tire Perfomiance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When youget new tires,
get ones with that same
TPC Spec number. That way,
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If yourtires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by“MS”
an
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial)as your original tires.
6-36
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
m e following information relatesto the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold
in the United States.)
-
Treadwear
Temperature A, B, C
The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based
on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, atire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as wellon the government courseas a tire
graded 100. The relative performanceof tires depends
upon the actual conditionsof their use, however, and
may depart significantlyfrom the n o m due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences
in
road characteristics and climate.
Traction A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of
heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level
of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levelsof performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
The traction grades,from highest to lowest are:A, B,
and C. They represent the tire’s ability stop
to on wet
pavement as measuredunder controlled conditionson
specified government test surfaces
of asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
Warning: The temperature gradefor this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation,or
excessive loading,either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire
failure.
-
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this
tire is based
on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
These grades are molded on the sidewalls
of passenger
car tires.
6-37
~~
While the tires available as standard or optional
equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with
respect to these grades, all such tires meet General
Motors performance standards and have been approved
for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conformto Federal safety
requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignmentand Tire Balance
~~
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked,
or badly rusted
or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts, and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
Buick dealerif any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind
of wheel you need.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanc d
carefully at the factory
to give youthe longest tire lif
and best overall performance.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted the
same way as the one
it replaces.
In most cases, you will not need
to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual
tire wear
or your vehicle pullingone way orthe other, the
alignment may need to
be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to
be rebalanced.
If you needto replace anyof your wheels, wheel bolts,
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new
GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have
the
right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts
for your Buick
model.
t
6-38
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chainsonly where legaland only when
you must. Use only SAE Class ‘W’ type chains
that are the proper
size for your tires. Install
as tightly
them on the rear tires and tighten them
as possible with the endssecurely fastened. Drive
slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
chains
instructions. If you can hear the
contacting yourvehicle, stop and retighten them.
If the contact continues,
slow down untilit stops.
Driving too fast or spinning thewheels with
chains on will damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame
if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part
of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes
in a closed space.
When you use anythingfrom a container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow
the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions.And always open your doors or
window,s when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0
Gasoline
0
Benzene
Naphtha
0
CarbonTetrachloride
0
Acetone
0
PaintThinner
0
0
Twpentine
LacquerThinner
0
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-40
Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says you
can.
In many uses, these will damage
your vehicle:
0
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will
set.
Alcohol
LaundrySoap
0
Bleach
Using Foam-Qpe Cleaner on Fabric
0
ReducingAgents
*
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Use a vacuum cleaner often to
get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinylor leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Buick dealer has two
GM cleaners, a solvent-type
spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well.Do not use
them on vinyl or leather.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the
directions onthe container label.
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Don’t rub it roughly.
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
Clean up stains as soon asyou can -- before they set.
Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. Asoft brush may be usedif stains are
stubborn.
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel
or cloth.
Here are some cleaning tips:
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
0
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat
lamp.
6-41
Special Cleaning Problems
Be careful.A blow dryer may scorch the fabric.
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, seeif you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will clean
off better withjust
water and mild soap.
If you need to use a solvent:
Gently scrape excess soilfrom the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very
little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside
of
the stain, "feathering" toward the center. Keep
obanging to a Fleansection of the cloth.
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt
can
be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
@
Follow the solvent-type instructions described
earlier.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if
left on a vehicle seat fabric. They should be removed
as soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner
will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg,
fruit, fruit
juice, milk, soft &inks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry
be removed as follows:
the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
ring. (SeetliG previous NOTICE.)
soiled area with cop1 water.
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat thearea with a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 d)of baking sodato 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknownstains can be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow todry.
If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water anda clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have todo it more than once.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and
a mild soap or
saddle soap.
0
For stubbornstains, use a mild solutionof 10%
isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and
90% water.
0
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based
or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
0
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately.
If dirt
is allowed to work into finish, it can harma e
leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections
in the windshield
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stainif
you don’t get themoff quickly. Usea clean cloth and
a solvent-type vinyl cleaner.
.
-
6-43
Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick
Finish Care
of your Buick by
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth Occasional waxing or mild polishing
hand may be necessary to remove residue
from the paint
of color, gloss retention and durability.
finish. You can getGM approved cleaning products
Washing Your Vehicle
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish
is to keep
it clean by washingit often with lukewarm or cold
Your Buick has a“basecoatklearcoat” paint finish. The
water.
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat.
Always use waxes and polishes that
are
Don’t wash your vehicle in
the direct raysof the sun.
non-abrasive and madefor a basecoatklearcoat paint
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps. finish.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or
that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
NOTICE:
should beflushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing on
soft, clean chamois or 100%
a
cotton towelto avoid
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the
surface scratches and water spotting.
finish or leave swirl marks.
High pressure car washes may cause water
to enter your
vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road
oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys,etc. can
damage your vehicle’s finish
if they remainon painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soonas possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
1
6-45
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
Tires
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
new by keeping your Buick garaged
or covered
When applying a tire dressing always
take care to wipe
whenever possible.
off any overspray or splash from painted surfaces.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish.
Aluminum Wheels(If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar
to the painted surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong
soaps, chemicals, chrome polish, abrasive cleaners
or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax
may be applied.
NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an
automatic car wash that has hard silicon carbide
cleaning brushes. These brushes can take the
protective coatingoff your aluminum wheels.
I
6-46
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicleis damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure
the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material tothe parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches
in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop
into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areasof finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
Chemicals usedfor ice and snow removaland dust
control cancollect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur the
on
underbody parts suchas fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions
can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle.
This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
At least every spring,flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debriscan collect. Dirt packedin closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being
flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Although no defect inthe paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of
new vehicles damaged by this
fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles(20 000 km)of purchase,
whichever comes first.
6-47
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials
You can get thesefrom your GM Parts Department.
~
~
~
~
~
PART
NUMBER
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
12345343
Liquid
GoodwrenchB
16 oz. (0.473L)
1052277
12 oz. (0.3543;)
1052863
1050172
1 02. (0.028kg)
16 02. (0.473L)
Tar and Road Oil Remover
1050173
16 02. (0.473L)
Chrome Cleanerand Polish
Removes rust and corrosion
1050174
16 oz. (0.473L)
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Cleans white and black tires
321050214
1050244
231050427
6 1050429
polish Exterior
Spray-A-Squeak
Weatherstrips,
Silicone
Grease
squeaks
Stops
Also removes old waxes, polishes
Vinymeather Cleaner
Spot and stain removal
16 02. (0.473L)
Fabric Cleaner
Spot and stain removal
(0.680L)
Glass Cleaner
Also spot cleans vinyls
02.
02.
(0.946L)
lbs. (2.72kg)
Multi-Purpose Powdered CIeaner
Cleans vinyl and cloth, also, tires
and mats
For hood,trunk, door hinges and latches
1052349
12 oz. (0.340kg)
Lubriplate (White Grease)
1051055
16 oz. (0.473L)
Preservatone
Vinyl top dressing
Spot Lifter
For cloth
Windshield-washing system
61051398*
* Not
Wax
02.
(0.237L)
1051515
32 02. (0.946L)
Washer Solvent
1052870
16 oz. (0.473L)
Wash-Wax (cone.)
recommended for pigskin suede leather.
See your General Motors Parts Departments for these products.
See your Maintenance Schedule for other products.
Exterior wash
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
trunk lid. It’s very helpful
if you ever needto order
parts. On this labelis:
your VIN,
the model designation,
ENGINE
CODE
/dk -\
YEAR
MODEL
ASSEMBLY
PLANT
paint information, and
0
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed
from the vehicle.
This isthe legal identifierfor your Buick.It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle.The VIN also
appears onthe Vehicle Certification andService Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN
is thej engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications, and replacemefit
parts
Add-on Electrical Equipment
~
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick unless
you check with your dealer first. Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the rear comparimef& storagelid
in the wagon. On the sedan, the label is located on the
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electricalto your Buick,see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
6-49
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The other ia in the enginecompamgnt. Open the cover
on either of the boxes to exposethe fuses.
The wiring circuitsin your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by
a combination of fuses, circuit breakers,
and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This greatly
reduces the chance
of fires caused by electrical problems.
There are two fuse blocksin your vehicle. Oneis at the
end of the instrumept panel on the driver’s side.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the band
is broken or melted, replace the Be
fuse.
sure you replace a
bad fuse.. - with a new one
of the correct size and rating.
Be sure to usethe correct fuse if you need to replace
one. If youever have a problem
on the road and don’t
have a spare fuse, you can
“borro~”one of the exactly
the same value.Just pick some featureof your vehicle
that you can get along without
-- like the radio or
cigarette lighter-- and useits fuse, if it is of the value
you need. Replaceit as soon as you can.
.
The cover will pullright off, To put the cover back on
make sure the tabs are inserted
first.
Headlamps
Power Winbws and Other Power Options
The headlamp wiringis-protectedby a circuit breaker
in
the lamp switch.An electrical overload will cause the
lamps togo on andoff, or in some cases to remainoff. If
this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right
away.
Circuit bfialters in the fuse panel protectthe power
windows and other power accessories. When
the current
load is too heavy,the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit untilthe problem is fixed or goes
away.
Windshield Wipers
Lumbar Power Seat Controls
The windshield wiper motoris protected by a circuit
breaker and afuse. If the motor overheatsdue to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor eools.If
the overload is caused by some
electrical problem and
not snow, etc., besure to get it fixed.
If you havethe lumbar controlsfor the power seat, there
is a fuse under each seat wrappedin tape. Should your
seat not work, this
fuse should be checked.
Y
6-51
k
Fuse
12
FUSE USAGE CHART
13
31
32
EXTLPS
I
,
33
HORNS
I
14
15
I
FOR MORE INF( RMATION, SEE OWNE ?'S MANUAL
PRINTED IN U.S.A
14
.'' SEOACSRV
RR WIPER.WAG0N
17
18
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
I F u s e l Usage
7
8
9
10
1
' 1
6-52
I
20
Not Used
Rear Window Wiper
Radio
Windshield WiperNasher Switch
Rear Defog Relay, Inflatable Restraint Diagnostic
Energy Reserve (with Sensor) Module, Headlamp
Switch, I/P Cluster, Rear Defog Switch
21
22
24
26
Fuse
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
i
Usage
Auto Level Control Sensor, Rear Compartment
Courtesy Lamp, MercurySwitch
Cigar Lighter
Remote Control Door Lock Receiver, Liftgate
Wiper Latch Switch, Rear Glass Release Switch,
Rear Compartment Lid Release Switch, Rear
Glass Release Relay, Rear Compartment Release
Relay
Radio
Headlamp Switch, Headlamp Auto Control
Module, Daytime Running Lamps Control
Module
Horn Relay
Warning Alarm, IP Compartment Lamp Switch,
UP Compartment Lamp,UP Cluster, Heater and
A/C Control
Theft Deterrent Module
Courtesy Lamp Relay, Front Door Lock
Switches, Front Door Courtesy Lamps, Rear
Door Courtesy Lamps, Outside Remote Control
Rearview Mirror Switch, Inside Rearview Mirror,
Sunshade
Illuminated Mirrors,IP Door Lamps, Roof Rail
Courtesy Lamps
Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear Compartment
Lid Pulldown Actuator
Fuse
37
38
39
40
41
~~
42
43
44
45
circuit
Usage
Stoplamp Switch, Hazard Lamp Flasher
Blower Motor Control Module
Power Door Lock Relay
Heated Seat Controls
Turn Signal Switch, Sidemarker Lamps,
T u M a r k Lamps
Heater and A/C Control, Headlamp Switch,
Instrument Cluster, Radio
Opera Lamps, License Lamp, Marker Lamps,
Inboard Taillamps, Outboard Tail/Turn
Stoplamps, InboardTail/Turn Stoplamps
Heated Power Mirrors
Not Used
Usage
Breakep
1
Power Antenna Relay, Power Seats
2
Master Power Window Switch, Power Window
Lockout Switch, Power Window Control Module
3
Driver’s and Passenger’s PowerSeat Switches,
LH and RH Recline Switches,LH and RH
Lumbar Switches
4
Rear Window Defog Switch, Rear Window
Defog Relay
6-53
Fuse
4
A
6
4
Wgz-pq
5
I
F
E
NC COMP
I
C
AIR PUMP
RELAY
1
B
Underhood Electrical Center
Usage
Auto Level ControlAir Compressor
Fuel Pump Relay, Fuel Pump Switch and
Engine Oil Pressure Sensor,
PCM
Secondary Air Pump Relay, Underhood
Lamp
6-54
Usage
Mass Air Flow Sensor, Secondary Air Pump
Relay, EGR Solenoid, Evaporative Emission
Solenoid, Oxygen Sensors, Automatic
Transmission
PCM, Ignition Coil, Electronic Brake Control
Module
Fuel Injector Cylinders One, Four,Six, Seven
Primary Cooling Fan,A/C Compressor Relay
Generator, Secondary CoolingFan
Fuel Injector CylindersTwo, Three, Five,
Eight
Relays
A
Primary
Cooling
Fan
B
Secondary
Cooling
Fan
Air
Pump
C
Fuel
EPump
F
Air
Conditioning
Compressor
I
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Front
Application
Cornering .............................
2057
9004
Headlamp .............................
Parrnurn ..........................
2057NA
194
Sidemarker .............................
561
Underhood .............................
Exterior Rear
Application
Backup ...............................
2057
High-Mounted Stop
Sedan ..............................
1141
577
Wagon ..............................
License ................................
168
Sidemarker(Wagon) .....................
194
194
Tail(Sedan) ............................
2057NA
Tail/Stop/Turn ......................
Interior
Application
Number
Ashtray ................................
194
168
Courtesy ...............................
194
GloveBox .............................
194
Instrumentpanel ........................
LuggageCompartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920
Reading ................................
192
Rear Body Pillar Assist Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Number
192
RoofRailCourtesy ......................
6-55
Numb
Capacities and Specifications
Engine Code P (LT1) V8 MFI (5.7L)
Belt Tensions
Automatically controlled by a self-tensioning idler
pulley. Tension adjustments should never be necessary.
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner ........................
AC 1096C
Fuel’Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GF624K
Oil Filter ..............................
PF52
PCVValve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV895C
Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . AC 906, (0.050 inch Gap)
6-56
Capacities (Approximate)
Air Conditioning (R-134a) . . 1.75 pounds (0.97 kg)
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system
in your vehicle
needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is
used. If you’re not sure, ask your Buick dealer.
For additional information,see your “Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information’’ booklet.
Automatic Transmission
Drain and Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 pints(4.7 L)
Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.4 pints (1 0.6L)
Cooling System
Without Heavy Duty Radiator 14.3 quarts (13.5L)
With Heavy Duty Radiator . , . 14.6 quarts (13.8L)
Crankcase (with Filter) . . . . . . . . 5.0 quarts (4.7 L)
Fuel Tank
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 gallons ( 87 L)
Wagon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21gallons(79 L)
Rear Axle Lubricant . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 pints (2.0 L)
Estate Wagon Dimensions (Approximate)
Overall
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218 inches (5 537 rnm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 inches (2 032mm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 0 inches (1 524 mm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 inches (2 946 mm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (1 575 mm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 inches (1 626 mrn)
Interior Front
Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 inches (1 067 mm)
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 inches (1 016 mm)
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches (1 600 mm)
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 inches (1 448 mm)
Interior Rear
Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 inches (965 mm)
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 inches (1 016 m)
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 64 inches (1 626 mm)
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 inches (1 448 mm)
Cargo Capacity . . . . . . . . . . 92 cubic feet (2.8 m3)
Passengers
Front ....................................
3
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......................
3
Thirdseat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Base Curb Weight . . . . . .4,572 pounds (2 076 kg)
6-57
Roadmaster Sedan Dimensions (Approximate)
OvePall
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 inches (5 486mrn)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . 78 inches (1 981 mm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 inches (1 422 mm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 inches( 2 946 mm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (1575 mm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 inches (1 549mm)
Interior Front
Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 inches (1 067 mm)
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 inches (991 mm)
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches (1 600 mm)
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 inches (1 422 mm)
6-58
Interior
gear
Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..40 inches (1 016 mm)
HeadRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 inches (991mm)
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches (1 600 mm)
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches(1 600 mm)
Cargo Capacity . . . . . . . . . . 21 cubic feet (0.6 in3)
Passengers
Front ....................................
3
Rear .................................. 3
Base Curb Weight
. . . . . .4,191 pounds (1 903 kg)
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
LI
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
IMPORTANT:
KEEP .ENGINE 011
AT TH,E PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the
removal of important components can significantly
affect the qualityof the air we breathe. Improper fluid
This section coversthe maintenance requiredfor your
levels or even the wrong tire inflation can increase
the
Buick. Your vehicle needs these services
to retain its
safety, dependabilitv and emission control performance. level of emissions from your vehicle.To help protect our
environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
131'
-I
I protection
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Buick dealerfor details.
7-1
How This Section is Organized
The remainderof this section is divided intofive parts:
“Tart A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”
shows
what to have done andhow often. Someof these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’sservice department or another qualified
service centerdo these jobs.
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want help
to you keep your
vehicle in good working condition.But we don’t know
exactly how you’lldrive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances allthe time in veryhot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehiclein making deliveries. Or you
may drive it to work, todo errands orin many other
ways.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use
are listed in Part
D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these.
All.parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs
done before youor anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules arefor vehicles that:
a carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
a are driven on reasonable road surfaces
within legal
driving limits.
a use the recommended unleadedfuel. See “Fuel” in
Because of all the different ways
people use their GM
the Index.
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.
You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find Selecting the Right Schedule
in the schedules in this section.
So please read this
First you’ll need to decide which
of the two schedules is
section and note how you drive.
If you have any
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
questions on how to keep your vehiclein good
schedule to follow:
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This parttells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them.
If you
go to your dealerfor your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuineGM parts.
7-3
Maintenance Schedule
I Schedule I Definition
~~
Follow Maintenance Schedule
I if any one of these is
true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
0
~
’
+
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on topof
your vehicle.
Schedule I should also be followed the
if vehicle is used
for delivery service, police, taxi,or other commercial
application.
7-4
Schedule I .Interval$
Every 3,000 Miles (5000 km) or 3 Months
Engine Oil and Filter Change
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) or 6 months
Chassis Lubrication
At 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) Then Every
12,000 Miles (25000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 7,500 Miles(12 500 km)
Rear Axle Fluid Change (Vehicles Towing Trailers)
At 7,500 Miles (12 500km)
Rear AxleFluid Change (Limited-Slip Differential)
Every 15,000 Miles (25
000 km)
Air Cleaner Filterhspection, if driving in dusty conditions
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining)
Every 30,000 Miles (50000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every
24 months)
Cooling System Service (or every
24 months)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transmission Service (Severe Conditions)
Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km)
Spark Plug Replacement
-
?i
Maintenance Schedule
'I
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
3,000 Miles (5000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
0Change
engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
trarwnission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
_-i
Maintenance Schedule
. . I
1
I
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
I7 Change the rear axle gear lubricant
if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer or has
Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
limitid-slip differential.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-8
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
1
~~
MaintenanceSchedule I
~
I
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbodycontact-points and
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
occurs first).
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving
in dusty conditions.Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
Clean and repack the front wheel bearings
(or ateach brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Change therear axle gear lubricantCf
vehicle is used topull a trailer.
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY: I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
7-9
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
.I
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
0Change engineail and filter (or ,every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission ControlService.*
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Conttol Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATEACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
7-10
”
BY:
F
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
1 MaintenanceSchedule I I
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
3ERVICED BY:
7-11
~
I
~
-
Maintenance Schedule I
~
~~
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service?
7-12
3 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission ControlService.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
17 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
See “Engine Coolant”in the Index for
(Continued)
I MaintenanceSchedule
I
I
30,000 Miles (50 000 knz) (Continued)
what to use. Inspect hoses.Clean radiator,
Inspect fuel tank,cap and lines for damage
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.
An EmisdonControl Service.?
0Clean and repack the fkont wheel bearings (or atRotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation
each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
pattern and additional information.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Service.?
Replace air cleaner filter.Replace filter
more often under dusty conditions.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
i
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-15
Maintenance ScheduleI
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service?
Clean andrepack the front wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving
in dusty conditions.Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service?
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbodycontact points and
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
7-16
-_
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY:I
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
I
I
BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
occurs first).
I I
F
ACTUAL MILEAGE
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic wherethe outside
temperature regularly reaches 90° F
(32O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
I 1
SERVICED BY:
DATE
1
~
ACTUALMILEAGE
ISERVICEDBY:
7-17
!
I
I Maintenance Schedule I I
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
52,500 Miles (87500 km)
El Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
3 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
*
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
1
7-18
BY:
I
Maintenance Schedule I
I
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
17 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
occurs first).
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
3 months, ,whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
SERVICED BY:
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
I
7-19
Maintenance ScheduleI
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
I
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
3 months, whichever occurs first).
condenser, pressurecap and neck. Pressure
An Emission Control Service.*
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
[7 Lubricate the suspension, steeringlinkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission
cable guides, underbody contact points and
Control Service$
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
0Replace aircleaner filter. Replace filter
occurs first).
more often under dusty conditions.
17 Clean and repack the fiont wheel bearings (or
An Emission Control Service.
at each brake relining, whichever occurs first).
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.?
Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
RATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
An Emission Control Service.
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 .months, whichever occursfirst).
See “Engine Coolant’’ inthe Index for what
7-20
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
, I
T I
7-21
I
Maintenance Schedule I
I
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
*
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
'7-22
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant
if
vehicle is used to pulla trailer.
0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions.Replace filter if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service?
0Lubricate the suspnsion, steering linkage,
transmission shii't linkage, parking brake
cable guides, uhderbody contact points and
linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
7-23
_
~
~
_
FMaintenance Schedule I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
I
81,000 Miles (135 000 km).
$
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Sewice. *
DATE
7-24.
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
1
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 6 months, whichever
occurs first).
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
ISERVICED BY:
I
7-25
'
I
~
~.
Maintenance ScheduleI
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbodycontact points and
linkage (or every6 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Clean and repackthe front wheel bearings
(or at each brakerelining, whichever
occurs first).
0Change the rear axlegear lubricant if
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
Inspect engine accessorydrive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
(Continued)
3 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
*
DATE
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
L
7-26
I
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
I Maintenance Schedule I
93,000 Miles (155 000 k m )
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs fist).
An Ehtis~~~on
Control Service.*
I
I
!
MaintenanceSchedule I
I
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
99,000 Miles(165 000 km)
0Change the rear axle gear lubricantif
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
vehicle is used to pull a trailer.
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
DATE
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
I
I
7-29
-
~ ~ y 'mountainous
o r
terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
- Uses
1
MaintenanceSchedule I1
1
The services shownin this schedule up to100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals.
* Your vehicle has an Engine
OilLife Monitor. This
monitor will show you when to change the
oil -- usually
between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)and 7,500 miles
(12 500 km)since your lastoil change. Under severe
Footnotes
conditions, the indicator may come on before
3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle more
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
then
7,500 miles (12500 km)or 12 months withoutan
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not null@ oil change.
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior the
to
The system won’t detect dust
in the oil. So if you
completion of vehicle usefullife. We, however, urge that drive in a dusty area, be sure to change your
oil every
all recommended maintenance services be performed
at
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or soonerif the CHANGE OIL
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded. light comes on. Remember to reset
the Oil Life Monitor
when the oil has been changed.For more information,
see “Engine OilLife Monitor” in the Index.
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice?
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parkmg brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Change the rear axle gear lubricant
if
vehicle has limited-slip differential.
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-32
BY:
I Maintenance Schedule I1 ‘1
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice.*
17 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Sewice.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parkingbrake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Clean andrepack the front wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whicheveroccurs first).
See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
(Continued)
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
7-33
1.
Maintenance Schedule I1
30,000 Miles (50 000 km) (Continued)
37,500 Miles (62 500 k t )
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressurecap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Service.?
17 Replace aircleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replaceparts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.?
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-34
BY:
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service?
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbodycontact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
El Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
17 Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
I
I
DATE
I
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic wherethe outside
temperature regularly reaches 90" F
(32" C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under anyof
these conditions, the fluid and filter do not
require changing.
1
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B E
7-35
b
. ’,.
Maintenance ScheduleI1
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Ch’angeengine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
Lubricate the suspension, steeringlinkage,
transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbodycontact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice. *
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Clean and repackthe front wheel bearings
(or at each brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
El Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occursfirst).
See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor what
to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
(Continued)
1
60,000 Miles (100 000km) (Continued)
condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure
test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Service.?
0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.?
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
,
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbodycontact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and
Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
ACTUAL MILEAGE
DATE SERVICED
BY:
r
7-37
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500km)
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
17 Change engine oil andfilter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.*
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parhng brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every12 months, whichever
occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service?
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and
Rotation" in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
DATE
7-38
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
r
1. Maintenance Schedule I1 ‘b
.
-m-~
90,000 Miles (1501Y00 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.*
Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, parkingbrake
cable guides, underbody contact points and
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings
(or ateach brake relining, whichever
occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs
first).
An Emission Control Service.
0Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or
every 24 months, whichever occurs
first).
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what
to use. Inspect hoses.Clean radiator,
condenser, pressurecap and neck. Pressure
test the coolingsystem and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.An Emission
Control Service.
Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission
Control Sew ice.?
0Replace air cleaner filter.An Emission
Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspectfuel
cap gasket for any damage.’Replace parts as
needed. An Emission Control Service.?
I
I
DATE
3
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
7-39
I
Maintenance Schedule I1
97,500 Miles (142 500 km)
100,000 Miles (144 000 km)
I7 Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Replace spark plugs.An Emission
12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
*
0Lubricate the suspension, steeringlinkage,
transmission shift linkage, parking brake
cabie guides, underbody contact pointsand
linkage (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information.
Control Service.
0Change automatic transmission fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under
one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where theoutside
temperature regularly reaches90’ F
(32 C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
I you do not use your vehicle under anyof
ese conditions, thefluid and filter donot
require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-40
BY:
~
Part B: Owner Checksand Services
Windshield Washer Fluid Level
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified help
to
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washerfluid level inthe
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index
for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs
are completed at once.
Whenever anyfluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure theyare the proper ones, as shownin
Part D.
At Least Oncea Month
At Each Fuel Fill
It isimportantfor you or a sewicestation attendant to
per$orm these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Tire Inflation
Check tire inflation. Make sureures are inflated to the
pressures specified onthe Tire-Loading Information
label locatedon the rear edgeof the driver’s door. See
“Tires” in the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck
Engine Oil Level
Check the engineoil level and add the proper
oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index for further
details.
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the Index
for further details.
Power Antenna
Engine Coolant Level
Check the engine coolant level and add the proper
coolant mix if necessary.See “Coolant” inthe Index for
further details.
Clean power antenna mast.See “Audio Systems”ip the
Index for further details.
3. Try to ,startthe engine in each gear.The starter
should-workonly inPARK p)or NEUTRAL (N). If
the starterworks in any other pt%ition, your vehicie
’
needs
service.
Brake-’IkansmissimShift Interlock
--,
BTSI
Starter Switch
1. Before you start, besure you have enoughroom around
the vehicle.It should be parkedon a level surface.
1. ,Beforeyou start, be sure you haveenough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Indexif necessary) and the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turnoff the engine immediatelyif it starts.
Steering ColumnLock
While parked, andwith the parking brake set, try toturn
the key toLOCK in each shiftlever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
0
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
PARK (P) Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehiclefacing
downhill. Keeping your foot on
the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
0
I
To check the parking brake: With the engine running
and transmissionin NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove
foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.
Do this
until the vehicle is held bythe parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
Shift to PARK (P). Then releaseall brakes.
Underbody Flushing
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials fromthe underbody. Takecare to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-43
I
Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
USAGE
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below
by name,
part number or sy-yification may be obtained from your
GM dealer.
I
USAGE
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Coolant
Supplement
.
~
~.
_ _~ .
.
-
.C_-
-
.
-- -
..,
:
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
deterrnine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
50/50 mixture of water (preferably
distilled) and good quality
ethylene glycol base antifreeze
(GM Part No. 1052753 or
equivalent) conforming toGM
Specification 1825Mor approved
recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825M.
GM Part No. 3634621 or
equivalent.
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11@ Brake Fluid
System
(GM Part No. 1052535 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Parking Brake
Guides
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirementsof
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Hydraulic Power Steering
Fluid (GMPart No. 1052884 or
equivalent).
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON@-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose
Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12345120) or synthetic
SAE 5W-30 engine oil.
Automatic
Transmission
Shift Linkage
Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting~requirements
of NLGI Grade2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
7-45
~
USAGE
___
Chassis
Lubrication
Front Wheel
Bearings
Rear Axle
(Standard
Differential)
Rear M e
(Zimited-Slip
Differential)
Windshield
Washer Solvent
7-46
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
~~
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Hood, Door,
Tailgate and Rear
Compartment Lid
Hinges, Rear
Folding Seat and
Fuel Door Hinge
Grease, High Tempefature -Water Spray Resistant(GM Part
No. 12345996 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
i Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050.109).
See "Specifications Chart" in the Index for
recommended replacementfilters, valves and spark
Plugs-
Part E: MaintenanceRecord
After the scheduled services
are performed, record the
date, odometer readingand who performed the service
in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance”can be added on
the^ following record pages.Also, you should retainall
maintenance receipts.Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-47
I
Mpiptenance Record
~~~~
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVJCED BY
7
7-48
MAnVTENANCE PERF -2MED
~
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
I
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with
a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can often
be quickly resolved at
that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with theSales, Service, or Parts
Manager, contact the ownerof the dealershipor the
General Manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center
by
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
calling 1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contactGM of
Your satisfaction and goodwillare important to your
Canada Customer Assistance Center
in Oshawa by
dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern with the sales calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854
transactioq or the operation
of your vehiclewill be
(French).
resolved by your dealer’sSales or Service Departments.
In Mexico, call (525)254-3777. In Pyerto Rico,call
Sometimes, however, despitethe best intentionsof all
1-800-496-9992 (English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish).
concerned, misunderstandings can occur.
If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call 1-800-496-9994.In all
other overseas locations, contact
GM North American
following steps should be taken:
Export Sales in Canada by callipg 1-905-644-4112.
Here youwill find out how to contact Buickif you need
assistance. This sectionalso tells you how to obtain
service publications and how
to report any safety
defects. This section includes information on: Customer
Satisfaction Procedure, Customer Assistance
for
Hearing or Speech Imp,aired, BBB Auto
Line Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting
Safety Defects, Roadside Assistance, and
Service
hblications.
8-1
Forpromptassistance,pleasehave
the following
information available to give the Customer Assistance
....: >,.:,.
!i,.f:..y: .),. . :-:.;.:!. ,
~
Representative:
. ..*'.. .... . - ..
,p'
,
0
8'
,
.
,.
~
,
Your name, address, home and business telephone
numbers
WhencontactingBuick,pleaserememberthatyour
Concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using the
~ dealership's
~
~
~
facilities,
~
~equipment
~
:
and
~
personnel.
;
~
~ That
is why
~
.
we suggest you follow Step
One first if you have a concern.
e Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title,
or the plateat
the left topof the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.) .
I
I
0
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
0
Nature of concern
We encourage you tocall the toll free number listed
previously in order to give your inquiry prompt
attention. However, if you wish to write Buick, write to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550.
Refer toyour Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information bookletfor addresses of Canadian andGM
Overseas offices.
8-2
Customer Assistance for the Hearing
or Speech Impaired(TDD)
To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Buick
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
for the Deaf) equipment atits Customer Assistance
Center. Any hearingor speech impaired customer who
has accessto a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter
(TTY) can communicate with Buick by dialing:
1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD users in Canada can dial
1-800-263-3830.)
GM Participation inBBB AUTO
LINE - Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
*This program may not be available in all states,
depending on state law. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue its participation
in this
program.
~
~
~
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed to
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
making sure youare completely satisfied with your new and address, your Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN),
vehicle. Our experience has shownif athat,
situation arises and a statementof the natureof your complaint.
where youfeel your concern has not been adequately
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described other factors.
earlier in this sectionis very successful.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
There may be instances where an impartial third-party can Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement regarding may contact the BBB at any time.
The BBB will attempt
vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited
to resolve the complaint serving asan intermediary
Warranty. To assist in resolving these disagreements Buick between you and Buick.If this mediation is
voluntarily participates in BBBAUTO LINE.
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customers may present theircase to an
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to impartial third-party arbitrator.
settle disputes between customers and automobile
The arbitrator will make a decision which you rhay
manufacturers. This programis available free of charge
accept or reject. If you accept the decision,
GM will be
to customers who currently own lease
or a GM vehicle.
bound by that decision.The entire dispute resolution
procedure should ordinarily take about
forty days from
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the BBB using the time youfile a claim until a decision is made.
the toll-free telephone number,
or write them atthe
Some statelaws may require you to use this program
following address:
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts.For further information, contactthe
BBB AUTO LINE
BBB
at 1-800-955-5100 or the Buick Customer
Council of Better Business Bureaus
Assistance Centerat 1-800-521-7300.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
8-3
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you livein Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada,in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3J2.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550.
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioLlH 8P7.
8-4
Courtesy Transportation
Roadside Assistance
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service
-- and
service means “keeping you
on the road.”
Buick Motor Divisionis proud to offer Buick Roadside
Assistance to customers for vehicles covered underthe
36 month/36,000 mile new car warranty (whichever
comes first).
Included with your1995 Buick new car warranty,
(36 months,or 36,000 miles),is Courtesy
Transportation, a program which will provide Buick
retail customers with:
- Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesyof
, Buick Motor Division,for up tofive days for
vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also,
reimbursement upto $30 a day (five days maximum)
may be available for the cost of a rental car, bus or
even a cab.
-
A free one-way shuttle ride up to 10 miles from the
dealership is availablefor customers whose vehicles
require same-day warranty repairs.
Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s wayof extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect for Buick and
it’s 3,000 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glove-box card contained
in your
vehicle, or consult your Buick dealer
for details.
In Canada, please consultyour GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our network
of 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Roadside Assistance provides an extra
measure of convenience and security.
Buick Roadside Assistance:
-
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.
-
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners,
24 hours a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For detailsof Buick Roadside Assistance, please consult
your Buick Roadside Assistance owner booklet included
with your owner’s manual. For needed assistance, call
the Buick Roadside Assistance toll-free hotline:
1-800-252- 1112.
Canada Roadside Assistance
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly
sent to all General Motors dealerships/retail facilities.
GM monitors product performancein the field. When
service methods are found which promote better service
on GM vehicles, bulletins are created to help the
technician perform better service. Service bulletins may
Service and Owner Publications
involve any numberof vehicles. Some will describe
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and inexpensive service, others will describe expensive
service. Somewill advise new or unexpected conditions?
other service literatureare available for purchasefor all
An
current and many past model General Motors vehicles. and others may help avoid future costly repairs.
important reminder is that service bulletins are meant
for qualified technicians. Since these bulletins are issued
Toll-free telephone numbersfor ordering information:
throughout the model year and beyond, an index
is
u. s.
1-800-55 1-4 123
required and published quarterly to help identify specific
Canada
1-800-668-5539
bulletins. Subscriptions are available.
You can order an
index at the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a
Service Manuals
GM dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair information for
Owner Publications
all chassis and body systems. They may be useful for owners
who wish to geta greater understanding of their vehicle.
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
They are also useful for owners with the appropriate
skill
assistance booklets provide owners with general
level or training who wish to perform “do-it-yourself”
operation and maintenance information.
service. These are authentic General Motors service manuals
meant for professional, qualified technicians.
In some cases
they refer to specialized tools, equipment and safety
procedures necessary to service the vehicle.
Vehicles purchasedin Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer call
or
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
I
Service Bulletins
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Section 9 Index
Adding
Automatic Transmission Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 16
BrakeFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
ElectricalEquipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 17. 3- 18. 6-49
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-18
EngineQil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-9
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
3 .18
Sound Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.33. 6-21
AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
How Does It Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
How It Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
ReadinessLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.20.2.57
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-24
What Makes It Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
What Will You See After It Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
1-22
When Should It Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AirCleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
3.2.6.56
AirConditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Alignment and Balance. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
AM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
4-6
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light. . . . . . . . . 2.59.4.6
Anti-LockBrakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Appearance Care and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
2.45.2.46
Armrests. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Automatic Overdrive (@) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
Automatic Pull Down Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
Automatic Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Automatic Transmission ....................
2- 19. 6.13
Axle.Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-16
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.64.5.2.5. 4.6.25
Battery Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Brakes
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-25
4-6
Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluid.Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
7-44
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MasterCylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-22
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
6-24
PedalTravei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacingparts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
9-1
Trammission S~hift Interlock
. . . . . . . . . . 2.20.2.25. 7.42
Warning Light ...............................
2-58
Wear ......................................
6-24
S r W g ....................................
4.5. 4
.8
Break.In. New Vehicle .......................... 2-14
BTSI (Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock) 2.20.2.25. 7.42
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-55
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-30
Front ReadingLamps~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31
Headlamp ..................................
6-27
Parking/Turn Signal and CorneringLamp ......... 6-26
T a i l l m p ~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.28. 6.29
..
Capacities and Specifications ....................
6-56
CarbonMonoxide . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9.2.11.2.26.4.26. 4.33
2-48
Cargocover ...................................
Carrier. Luggage ............................... 2-50
Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9.3.12. 3.19
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Bulb Replacement. . . . 6-30
Certification/Tire Label ..........................
4-27
Chains.Safety .................................
4-35
Chains. Tire .................................
! . 6-40
Change Oil Indicator ............................
2-64
Changing a Flat Tire.............................
5-18
Checking
Automatic Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Brake Fluid .................................
6-23
Engine Coolant ..............................
6-18
Engineoil ...................................
6-9
Power Steering Fluid .........................
6-20
Restraint Systems ............................
1-45
UndertheHood ..............................
6-7
9-2
.
Cornering Lamp andParkingEurn Signal
Bulb Replacement .............................
6-26
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
8-5
Cruise Control .................................
2-34
Erasing Speed Memory........................
2-38
Getting Out of ...............................
2-37
Increasing Speed .............................
2-36
Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Passing Another Vehicle .......................
2-37
ReducingSpeed .............................
2-37
Resuming a Set Speed ........................
2-37
2-36
Setting .....................................
UseonHills ................................
2-37
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
8-1
Damage. FinisMSheet Metal .....................
6-46
Daytime Running Lamps .........................
2-40
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 2
Defects. Reporting ...............................
8-4
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 1
Defog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.3.5
3.2.3.5
Defrost ....................................
Delayed Illuminated Entry ........................
2-40
DoorLocks .....................................
2-2
Driving
BlizzardConditions ..........................
4-25
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
4-1
Defensive ...................................
4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign Countries .............................
6-4
4-19
Freeway ....................................
Grades .....................................
4-37
Hill and Mountain Roads ......................
4-21
Night ......................................
4-13
RainyConditions ............................
4-15
Snow and Ice Conditions ......................
4-24
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
TrailerAttached .............................
4-35
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-23
DrunkenDriving ................................
4-2
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . 2.17.3.18.6.49
Electrochromic Mirror ...........................
2-43
Electronic Climate Control ........................
3-4
Engine
Exhaust ....................................
2-26
Identification ................................
6-49
Overheating .................................
5-11
Running While Parked ........................
2-27
Specifications .................................
68
2-16
Starting ....................................
Engine Coolant .................................
6-17
Heater ................................
2- 17. 6.12
Temperature GageNarning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
6-8
Engineoil .....................................
6-9
Adding .....................................
6-11
Additives ...................................
Checking ....................................
6-9
6-10
KindtoUse .................................
2-62
Pressure Gage ...............................
6-12
UsedOil ...................................
6-11
Whentochange .............................
9-3
6-3
2-26
7-44
2-28
1-44
2-65
Gate Ajar Light ................................
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Glass.Cleaning ................................
6-44
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
6-42
Fabric Cleaning ...............................
Fancontrol ....................................
3-1
FillingYourTank ................................
6-5
Filter, Air .....................................
6-12
Finishcare ....................................
6-45
FinishDamage .................................
6-46
First(1) .......................................
2-21
Fixed Mast Antenna.............................
3-20
Flashers, Hazard Warning .........................
5-1
5-1 8
Flat Tire, Changing .............................
FMStereo .....................................
3-19
FoldingSeatbacks ...............................
1-5
Foreign Countries, Fuel ...........................
6-4..
................................. 11
Franpis, Guide
Front Reading Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31
FrontTowingHookups ..........................
5-10
Fuel .....................................
6-3, 6-56
6-4
Door Release, Remote .........................
6-5
FillingYourTank .............................
Foreign Countries .............................
6-4
2-66
Gage ......................................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
6-50
5-1
H:azard Warning Flashers ..........................
H:eadRestraints ................................ :1-5
Hleadlamp High-Low Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
2.38.6.27.6.51
H:eadlamps ..........................
H:caring or Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance. . . . . . 8-2
Ethanol (InFuel) ................................
Exhaust .......................................
Exhaust System Inspection .......................
Express Down Window ..........................
Extender. Safety Belt ............................
en
Ilalogen Bulbs ................................
H:eated Outside Rearview Mirror. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-44
H:eatedSeats ....................................
H:eating .........................................
Highway Hypnosis ..............................
H:ill and Mountain Roads .........................
Hitches, Trailer .................................
H:ood Release ...................................
.........................................
H
H:ydroplaning ..................................
9-4
1-3
3-3
4-21
4-21
4-33
6-7
2-29
4-17
If
You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . 5-31
2-15
Ignition Switch .................................
2-52
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror ....................
2.54.6.43
InstrumentPanel ..........................
J
G a g e . Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60
Gage. Fuel ....................................
2-66
6-26
ack.Tire ....................................
J-Hooks .......................................
Jumpstarting ...................................
5-19
5-8
5-2
K e y Lock Cylinder ............................
Keys ..........................................
.
I
7-42
2-1
Lamps ......................................
2-38
Daytime Runtling ............................
2-40
Lane Change Indicator ...........................
2-30
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
2-4
EngineRunning .............................
2-24
Light Sensor. Twilight Sentinel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39
Lights. Warning
Air Bag Readiness ......................
1.20.2.57
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 2.59.4.6
Brake System Warning ........................
2-58
Changeoil .................................
2-64
Cruise .....................................
2-65
Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-60
GateAjar ...................................
2-65
LowCoolant ................................
2-61
LowFuel ...................................
2-66
LowOilLevel ...............................
2-63
Safety Belt Reminder .....................
1-8, 2-57
2-61
Service Engine Soon ..........................
Volts ......................................
2-64
2-53
Lighter .......................................
Limited-Slip Rear Axle .....................
2-22, 6- 16
4-27
Loading YourVehicle ...........................
Lock Out, Rear Window .........................
2-28
Locks
Door .......................................
2-2
RearDoorSecurity ............................
2-4
7-43
Steering Column .............................
2-46
Locked Storage Compartment .....................
4-12
Loss of Control ................................
2-61
Low Coolant Light ..............................
Low Fuel Light ................................
2-66
Low Oil Level Light ............................
2-63
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-65
Lubrication.Body ..............................
7-42
Luggagecarrier ................................
2-50
Maintenance
Normal Replacement Parts .....................
Record .....................................
Schedule ....................................
Underbody .................................
When Trailer Towing .........................
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ......................
Manual Front Seat ...............................
MemorySeat ...................................
Methanol (In Fuel) ...............................
Mirrors .......................................
MTBE(InFue1) .................................
6-56
7-47
7-1
6-47
4-38
2-61
1-1
1-2
6-3
2-42
6-3
N e t . Convenience .........................
2.47.2.48
2-20
Neutral (N) ....................................
New Vehicle “Break-In” .........................
2-14
Nightvision ...................................
4-14
Odometer ....................................
2-55
Off-RoadRecovery .............................
4-10
6-8
Oil. Engine .....................................
Ordering Owner and Service Publications. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
Overheated Engine ..............................
5-11
Owner Checks and Services.......................
7-41
P
9-5
j
safety Belts ...................................
1-7
Adults .....................................
1-12
Care .......................................
6-44
Center Passenger Position......................
1-26
Children ...................................
1-30
DriverPosition ..............................
1-12
Extender ...................................
1-44
How to Wear Properly ........................
1-12
1-26
LapBelt ...................................
1-12
Lap-ShoulderBelt ...........................
Questions People Ask .........................
1-11
Reminder Light ..........................
1.8.2.57
Replacing After a Crash .......................
1-45
Right Front Passenger Position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Third Seat Position ...........................
1-26
UseDuring Pregnancy ........................
1-25
1-8
WhyTheyWork ..............................
Safety Chains ..................................
4-35
...
Safety Warnings and Symbols ......................
vm
Scheduled Maintenance Services ....................
7-3
Seats ..........................................
1-1
Second(2) ....................................
2-21
Security System (PASS-Key) .....................
2-13
6-1
Service and Appearance Care ......................
Service Engine Soon Light .......................
2-61
Service Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Service bblications ..............................
8-6
Service Work. Doing Your Own ....................
6-2
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . .!. .....................
6-46
Shifting .......................................
2-19
2-23
Into Park (P) ................................
Out of Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-25
4-12
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sound Equipment. Adding ........................
3-18
Spare Tire. Location .............................
5-19
Specifications Chart .............................
6-56
Speedometer ...................................
2-55
Stains ........................................
6-42
Standard Differential ............................
6-16
Starter Switch ..................................
7-42
StartingYourEngine ............................
2-16
Steam. If Coming From Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
ColumnLock ...............................
7-43
In Emergencies ...............................
4-9
Steering and Suspension Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44
Steering Wheel. Tilt .............................
2-29
Storage Armrests ..........................
2-45. 2-46
Storage of Your Vehicle ..........................
6-25
Stuck. IfYouAre ...............................
5-31
Sunvisors ....................................
2-52
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.19
Surge Tank Pressure Cap .....................
. . . 6-19
Symbols. Vehicle .................................. x
Tailgate ......................................
2-9
Taillamps. Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.28. 6.29
Tape Player ...........................
3.9.3.12.3.19
3-1
TemperatureControl .............................
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.12
Theftlock .....................................
3-16
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-19
2-21
Third(3) ......................................
7-44
Throttle Linkage Inspection .......................
2-29
Tilt Steering Wheel .............................
3-6
Time.Setting ...................................
.
Tire Chains ....................................
6-40
Tire Loading ...................................
4-27
Tires .........................................
6-32
Alignment and Balance ........................
6-38
ChangingaFlat ..............................
5-18
Inflation ....................................
6-33
Inspection and Rotation .......................
6-34
Temperature ................................
6-37
Traction ....................................
6-37
Treadwear ..................................
6-35
WheelReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-38
TopStrap .....................................
1-33
2-25
TorqueLock ...................................
Torque. WheelNut ..............................
5-26
TowingaTrailer ................................
4-30
Towing Your Vehicle .............................
5-7
Trailer Tongue Weight ...........................
4-32
4-30
TrailerTowing .................................
Brakes ..................................... 4-35
DrivingonGrades ............................
4-37
Driving with a Trailer .........................
4-35
Hitches ....................................
4-32
Maintenance ................................
4-38
4-37
Parkingonfills .............................
Safety Chains ...............................
4-35
Turnsignals ................................
4-37
4-32
Weight of a Trailer ...........................
Vehicle's Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Weight on YOLK
4-35
WiringHmess ..............................
Transmission .............................
2-19,6-13
2-6
Transmitters, Matching (RKE) ......................
4-20
Trip, Before Leaving ............................
2-55
Trip Odometer .................................
2-8
TrunkRelease ..................................
Turn SignMultifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
Twilight Sentinel ...............................
2-39
.
.
underbody Maintenance ........................
Used Replacement Wheels ........................
6-47
6-39
Vehicle Damage Warnings .........................
ix
Vehicle Dimensions Chart ........................
6-57
Vehicle Identification Number FIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Vehicle Loading ................................
4-27
Vehicle Symbols ...................................
x
Ventilation .....................................
3-3
Viscosity ......................................
6-10
Vision.Night ..................................
4-14
2-52
VisorVanity Mirrors ............................
5-1.5-2
warnin"
e Devices ...........................
Warning Flashers. Hazard ..........................
5-1
WarningLights .................................
2-56
2-34
Washer. Rear Window ...........................
Washing Your Vehicle ...........................
6-45
Water. Driving Through Deep Standing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Weatherstrips ..................................
6-44
5-26
Wheel Nut Torque ..............................
6-38
Wheel Replacement .............................
2-28
Windows .....................................
2-33. 6-21
Windshield Washer Fluid ....................
2-32. 6-51
Windshield Wipers .........................
Winter Driving .................................
4-23
6-51
Wiring.Headlamp ..............................
5-7
WreckerTowing .................................
9-8
.