.. . Roadmaster The 1995 Buick Roadmaster Owner’s Manual ............................................................. 1-1 Seats and Restraint Systems This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains“SRS” system. 2-1 FeaturesandControls ...................... ........................................... This section explains how to start and operate your Buick. 3-1 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system. YourDrivingandtheRoad ..............................................................4-1 Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions. ProblemsontheRoad .................................................................. 5-1 This section tells you whatto doif you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated engine,etc. 6-1 ServiceandAppearanceCare ............................................................ Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good. Maintenanceschedule ..................................................................7-1 This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use. 8-1 Customer Assistance Information ........................................................ This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and tohow get service publications. It also 8-4. gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 9-1 Index ................................................................................ Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual.You can useit to quickly find something you want toread. ..................................................... i We support voluntary technician certification. GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem, BUICK, and.the BUICK Emblem are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation. WE SUPPORT VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATIONTHROUGH National lnslililte for This manual includes the latest information at the time it was printed.We reserve the rightto make changes in the product after that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motorsof Canada Limited”for Buick Motor Division wheneverit appears in this manual. Please keep this manual in your Buick, so it will be there if you ever needit when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new owner can use it. 1 Litho inU.S.A. Part No. 25620611 A First Edition ii AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE EXCELLENCE \ 1 For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a French Language Manual: Aux propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en franCais chez votre concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7. @Copyright General Motors Corporation 1994 All Rights Reserved “valve-in-head” engine, alight, powerful and reliable engine which would eventually influence the entire automotive industry. William C. Durant was instrumentalin promoting Buicks acrossthe country using,his Durant-Dort the nucleus of a Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople as giant distribution system.He knew the h i c k as a ‘,‘self-seller.”If automobiles could be this good, he thought, maybeit was time to switchfrom the horse and buggy business to automobiles. At the 1905 New York Auto Show, Durant took orders for 1,000 Buicks before the company had built 40. On Buick’s success, Dufmt created a holding company, .September 16, 1908. He called it General Motors. WalterMarr and Thomas Buick Buick’s chief engineer, Walter L. Man (left), and Thomas D. Buick, son of founder~DavidDunbar Buick, drove thgf i s t Flin$:Buibk in a successful Flint-Detroit round trkp in July iP04. David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899, and Mak, his~engineer,apparently built thefirst auto to be called& Buickin 1900. However, Buick traditionally dates its ‘beginnings to 1903. That was the year the company was reoiganized, refinanced and moved from Detroit toFlint. Buick has always been a product innovator. Buick engineers developedthe iv William C. (Billy) Durant Buick drew plentyof attention becausg it coulcl$limb hills and run through mudlike no other car. Buick's endurance and reliability were world .famous. .. During WorldWar I, Buick builtLibirty aircrae.engines The success of Buick engines was visible not only on so $uccessfully that the race track, butin endurance tests across the country as well as Red Cross ambulances one Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre and around the world. Buick was theonly car to government. French the by .$: complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-NewYork race in 1906. Anda Buick was the first car to travel across As a builder of premier automobiles,'buick was hard hit South America, drivenfrom Buenos Aires, Argentina, by the Great Depression. However, new Gene<d over the Andes to Santiago,Chile in 1914. Manager Harlow H. Curtice created p6pular new models including the Special and the Roadmasier. Buick sales soon flourished. Durant also createda racing team that won500 racing trophies in 1909 and1910, including successes at Indianapolis two years before the Indy 500 began. .'$ .I ,. I911 Model 21 louring Car on Buick's Test Hill First Buick Factory V In World War11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks and other military hardware. This post-war period brought great styling and engineering changes which resulted in inmeased sales. The torque converter automatic transmission, Dynaflow, was introduced in the 1948 Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” came along in 1949. A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in1953. And Buick’s famous vertical pillar “toothy” @e, (introduced in 1942), became more massive in the post-war era. 1953 Skylark 1949 Roadmaster vi Motor Trend magazine named the 1962 Buick Special “Carof the Year.” The first production V-6 engine was used in the Special. I962 Buick Special Ed Mertz, General Manager; Buick Motor Division Built insidethe walls of the old buildingsin Buick’s former Flint complex, which formedthe cornerstone of General Motors, Buick City is a state-of-the-art assembly facility with more than200 robots and other high-tech equipment.It was completedin the fall of 1985. Our mission is simple: Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich detail and comfortable accommodation. “Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars backed with services that exceedour customers’ expectations, throughout thepurchase,’ownership, service and repurchase experience.” Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL. Buicks are DISTINCTIVE. Buicks are POWEIXFUL. Buicks are MATURE. Vehicle Damage Warnings Also, in this book you will find these notices: NOTICE: These mean there is something that could damageyour vehicle. In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your vehicle. Many times, this ddmage would not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage. When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different colorsor in different words. You'll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use yellow for cautions, bluefor notices and the words CAUTION or NOTICE. i' These symbols are usedon warning and indicator lights: Vehicle Symbols These are someof the symbols you may find on your vehicle. For example, these symbols are usedon an original battery: CAUTION POSSIBLE INJURY A DOOR LOCK UNLOCK PROTECT EYES BY SHIELDING CAUSTIC BAllERY ACID CqULD CAUSE BURNS BELTS & X 4 These symbols have to do with your lights: These symbols are on someof your controls: WIPER w TURN SIGNALS WINDSHIELD DEFROSTER =o LAMPSoR BEAM =, HIGH ,111, FOG LAMPS #0 FUSE RELEASE BAllERY CHARGING SYSTEM RADIATOR COOLANT I-1 (a) a AIR CONDITIONING TRUNK RELEASE ENGINE OIL PRESSURE4- 1 TEMP OIL ANTI-LOCK BRAKE e RADIO VOLUME FUEL WINDOW DEFOGGER VENTILATING FAN -F- ENGINE COOLANT TEMP BRAKE POWER WINDOW AVOID SPARKS OR FLAMES SPARK OR BLAME COULD EXPLODE BAllERY These symbols are important for youand your passengers whenever your vehicle is driven: Here are some other symbols you may see: LIGHTER & t m (a) b SPEAKER Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems 1-1 Power Seat (Option) M m m y %at-(Option) !- , . I ! 5 I . ; .! 1 i i y ! ,1 ; i The powerseatcontrolsarelocated an thearmrest.Here'showtousethisfeature: 0 You don't need to start your vehicle yet,just make Raise the front of the seat by pressing the left side of the sure it isin PARK (P). front switch. Press the right side of this switch to lower the front of the seat. 0 Adjust the driver's seat the way you want it. Move the seat forwardor back by pressing and holding 0 Press the SET button. FWD or BACK. Raise the seatby pressing and holding 0 Move the memory switch to 1 and your seating Up.Press and hold DN to lower the seat. position is programmed. of the rear switch to raise the Press and hold the left side Now it's set. When your Roadmaster is in PARK (P), and you rear of the seat. Press and hold the right side of this move the memory switch 1, tothe seat will go to where you switch to lower the rear of the seat. 1-2 Reclining Front Seatbacks To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the outer sideof the seat and move the seatback to where you wantit. Release the lever to lock the seatback. Pull up on the leverand the seat will go to an upright position. But don’t havea seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving. - To raise the seatback: 1. Pull the seatback up and push it back to lockit into place. 2. Push and pull the topof the seatback to be sure it is locked in position. 3. Pull the seat reiease handle in the lower right conier of the stmage compartment. The seatback is now unlocked. Third Seatback The third seatis folded flat in the tailgate areaof your station wagon. To raise the seatback: 1. Open the tailgate. 2. Lift the storage compartmentlid and fold it back, so that it lies flat. 1-6 4. Full the seatback up and pushit back into place. 5. Push and pull the topof the seatbackto be sure it is locked into position. To lower the seatback: 1. Pull the seat release handleto unlock the seatback. 2. Pull the seatback down using the assist strap, then pushdown on it to lock it into place. Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone This part of the manual tells you how to use safety Mlts properly. It also tells you some things you should not da with safety belts. And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System, or “air bag” system. 3. Fold the storagelid down. Make sure it is secure. 1-7 comes on as a reminder to bqckle up. @ee “Safety.Belt ’ Ri-minderLight7’in the Index.) . . When you ride in or on anything,you go as fast as it goes. Put someone on it. Get it up to speed. Thenstop the vehicle. The rider doesn’t stop. 1-9 .. .. .. . . . .. . .. . . or the safetybelts! With safety belts,you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to stop.You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. Thai’s why safety belts makesuch good sense. 1-11 &= If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from How to Wear Safety Belts Properly home, why should I wear safety belts? A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and your passengers canbe hurt. Being a good driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your control, suchas bad drivers. Most accidents occur within25 miles (40 km) of home. Andthe greatest numberof serious injuries and deaths occurat speeds of less than40 mph (65 km/h). Safety belts arefor everyone. Adults This part is only for people of adult size. Be aware that thereare special things to know about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding in your Buick, see the part of this manual called “Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection. First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has. We’ll start with the driver position. Driver Position This part describes the driver’s restraint system. Lap-Shoulder Belt The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it properly. 1. Close and lock the door. 2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up straight. 1-12 3. Pick up the latch plate and pulltbe belt across you. Don’t iet it get twisted. The shoulder belt may lock if youpull the belt across you very quickly.If this happens, let the 6elt go back slightly to unlockit. Then pullthe belt across you more slowly. 4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. 1-13 5. To make thelap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as youpull up on the shoulder belt. The lap part of the belt should worn be low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash,this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force atyour abdomen. This could causeserious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces. The safety belt locks if there's a suddenstop or crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor. L r A: - A i The belt is twisted across the body. . . . To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle. The belt should go back out of the way. Before you closethe door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both the belt and your vehicle. Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) This part explainsthe Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), or air bag system. 1-19 1-20 HJowthe Where is the air bag? The driver’s air bag is in the middleof the steering wheel. 1-21 When should.an air bag inflate? The..& bag is ,designed toinflate iQmoderate to Severe frontal or ne&-frontal crashes. Theair bag will idlate only if the impact speedis above the system’s designed “threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straightinto a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 kmlh). The threshold level can vary7 however,with specific vehicle design,so that it can be somewhat aboveor below this range. If your 1-22 How does an air bagxestrain? In moderateto severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted occupantscan contact the steering wheel or the instrumentpmel. The air bag supplements the protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force pf the‘impact more evenly over#e occupant’s upper body, stoppingthe occupant more gradually. But air bags wouldnot~helpyou in many type: of collisions, including rollovers andrear and side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motionis not toward the air bag. Air bags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplemenx.’to safety belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions. What will you see,afteran air bag inflates? After theair bag inflates,it quickly deflqtes.This occurs so quickly that some people may not even realize the air bag inflated. Some componentsof the air bag module in the steering wheelhub for the driver’s air bag,or the instrument panelfor the right front passenger’s bag, will be hotfor a short time, but the part of the bag that comes into contact with you will not be hotthe totouch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation will not preventthe driver from seeing or from being ableto steer the vehicle, nor willit stop peoplefrom leaving the vehicle. 1-23 Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick Air bags affect how your Buick should be serviced. There are partsof the air bag system in several places around your vehicle.You don’t wantthe systeni to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your Buick dealer and the1995 Roadmaster Service Manual have information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.To purchase a service manual, see “Service Publications’’ in the Index. The air bag system does not need regular . ,( maintenance. Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy Safety belts workfor everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts. A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible throughout the pregnancy. The best way to protect thefetus is to protect the mother. When a safetybelt is worn properly, it’s more likely thatthe fetus won’t be hurtin a crash. For pregnant women,as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective is wearing them properly. Right Front Passenger Position The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s safety belt.See “Driver Position,’’ earlier in this section. 1-25 Center Passenger Position and Any Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger Position Lap Belt If your vehicle has a front split seat and a rear bench seat, someone can sit in the center positions. When you sit in a center seating position or in a station wagon third seat, you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt. 1-26 1 Lap-Shoulder Belt The positions next tothe windows have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s howto wear one properly. 2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Pull up on the latch plate to make sure itis secure. If the beltis not long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the release buttonon the buckleis positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. 1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Don’t letit get twisted. The shoulder beltmay lock if you pullthe belt across you very quickly.If this happens,let the beltgo back slightly to unlockit. Then pull the belt across you more slowly. 1-28 3. To make thelap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the beltas you pull upon the shoulder part. Smaller Children and Babies To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle. Children Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes infants and all children smaller than adult size. In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up toqome age must be restrained whilein a vehicle. I 2n Top Strap Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child restraint properly. Keep in mind thatan unsecured child restraintcan move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle.Be sure to properly secure any chifd reshaint in your vehicle-- even when no child is in it. If your child restraint has a top strap, it-should be anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask your Buick dealerto put it in for you. If you want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell you how to do it. 1-33 If you want to use a child restraint with a top strap in the second seat of a station wagon, have your dealer install a combination anchor-tether belt to which the strap top can be'hooked. Securing aChild Restraint in a Rear Outside Seat Position z - I For cars first sold in Canada, child restraints witha top strap must be anchored according to Canadian Law. ,' I : For sedans first sold in Canada, your dealer can obtain the hardware kit andinstall it for you, or you may install it yourself using the instructions provided inthe kit. Use the tether hardware kit available from the dealer. The hardware and installation instructions were specifically designedfor this vehicle. Station wagonsfirst sold in Canada already havea combination anchor-tether belt installed for each position on the second seat. These belts are attachedto the anchors for the third seat safety belts. The child restraint top strap should be hooked toone of these combination anchor-tether belts. You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. You’ll need a safety lockingclip to properly securea child restraint in this position.You can get a locking clip where child restraints are sold, or from your Buick dealer (GM Part Number 94844571).The locking clip must be the same as the one shown here. Until you havethis clip, secure a child restraint onlyin a seat that hasa separate lap belt (and a way to anchor a top strap, if the’childrestraint has one).See the following part about securing a child restraint ina center position. Once you have the clip, follow these instructions: 1. Put the restraint on the seat. Followthe.instructions for the child restraint. 2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say. 3. Pick up thelatch plate, and run thelap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint.The child restraint instructions will show you how. If the shoulder belt goes inlfrontof the child’sface or neck, putit behind the child restraint. 1-35 4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be ableto unbuckle the safety belt quicklyif you everhad to. 5. Then thread both the lap and shoulder belt portions through the locking clip. 1-36 ~ r 6. Push and pull the child restraintin different directions to be sureit is secure. , 1I Toxemove ..., . the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and remove the locking clip. Let the safety belt go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger. . 1 I A. B. C. D. Lap Belt Portion Latch Plate Buckle Shoulder Belt Portion E. Locking Clip 1-37 Securing a Child Restraint in the Center Rear Seat Position See the earlierpart about the top strap if the child restraint hasone. 1. Make the beltas longas possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it along the belt. U You’ll be using the lap belt. 2. Put the restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions for the child restraint. 3. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the instructions say. 1-38 4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. 6. To tighten the belt, pullits free end while you push down on the child restraint. 7. Push and pull the child restraintin different directions to be sure it is secure. If the child restraint isn’t secure,turn the latch plate over and buckle it again. Thensee if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint in a different placein the vebcle and contact the child restraint maker for their advice about how to attach the child restraint properly. To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt.It will be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger. Securing aChild Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position 5. Buckle the belt. Make surethe release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. U 1-39 4 = 5. Buckle the belt. I Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbucklethe safety belt quicklyif you ever had to. To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way. 6. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while you push downon the child restraint. 7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions tobe sure it is secure. Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle’s safety belts. . 1-41 If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide. Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear seat. But they need to use the safety belts properly. Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in a crash. Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other people who are. 1-42 @ What if a childis wearing a lap-shoulder belt, but the childis so small that the shoulder belt is veryclose to thechild’sface or-neck? ‘c, A: Move the child toward the centerof the vehcle, but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. If the is very child is so small that the shoulder belt still close to the child’sface or neck, you might want to place the childin the center seat position, the one that has onlya lap belt. Safety Belt Extender If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you should useit. But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. Whengoyou in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender willbe long enoughfor you. The extender will be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, anduseit should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching only for the seat it ismade to fit. To wear it, just attach it the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s to the regular safety belt. pelvic bones ina crash. 1-44 Checking Your Restraint Systems Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder system are working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged restraint system parts.If you see anything that might keep a restraint system from doing job, its have it repaired. If you ever see a label on the driver’s or the front right passenger’s safety belt that says to replace the belt, be sure to doso. Then the new belt will be there to help protect you in an accident.You would see this label on the belt near the door opening. Torn or frayed belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a beltis torn or frayed, get anew one right away. Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts After a Crash If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts? After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then you need new belts. If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary evenif the belt wasn’t being used at the timeof the collision. 1-45 NOTES Section 2 Feature8andControls Here you can learn aboutthe many standard and optional featureson your Buick, and informationon starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem. Keys 2-1 There are15 alternative ignition PASS-Key II blanks to help discourage theft. $Keep the bar code tag and the daor.,keyplugs in a safe place.If you lose your keys, The ignition keys come you will be able to have new ones made easily using the with a bar code tag attached plug or number onthe bar code tag. to them. Your dealer or a qualified locksmith by reading the number on the NOTICE: bar code tag can then make Your Buick has a n&kr of new features that can extra ignition keys. help prevent thek Bht fou cain have a lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever l&k your keys inside. You may even h v e to damage your vehicle to get in.So be sure you have extra keys. The door keys arefor the doors and all other locks. The ignition keysare for the ignition only. @ . I Your door keys have plugs. Each plug has a code on it that tells your dealer or a qualified €scksmithhow to make extra keys. When a new Roadmaster is delivered, the dealer removes the plugs €romthe keys, and givesthem to the first owner. Door Locks There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle: From the outside, use your door'key or Keyless Entry System if you have this option. From the inside, to lock the door, slide the lock control ,down. To unlock the door, slide the lock control up. Rear Door Security Lock To cancel the rear door lock: Your Buick is equipped with rear door security locks that help prevent passengersfrom opening the rear doors of your vehicle from the inside.To use one of these locks: 1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door from the outside. 2. Move the lever all the way up. 1. Move the lever all theway down. 2. Close the door. 3. Do the same thing tothe other rear doorlock. The rear doorsof your vehicle cannot be opened from inside when this feature is in use. If you want to opena rear door when the security lock is on: 1. Unlock the door from the inside. 2. Then open the door from the outside. If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or older children whoride in the rear won’t be able to open 3. Do the samefor the other reardoor. the rear door from the inside. You should let adults and older children know how these security locks work, and The rear door locks will now work normally. how to cancel the locks. Leaving Your Vehicle If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your door and set the locks from inside. Then getout and close the door. 2-4 Remote Keyless Entry System (Option) This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Should interference to this system occur, try this: Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary. See the instructionson battery replacement. Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. This product has a maximum range. Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. 0 If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock your doorsor unlock your trunkor tailgate from up to 30 feet (9 m) using the key chain transmitter supplied with your vehicle. See your Buick dealer or a qualified technicianfor service. Changes or modifications to this systemby other thanan authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment. Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules. 2-5 Operation Battery Replacement The driver’s door will unlock when UNLOCK is pressed. Pressit again quickly and all the doors will unlock. The door courtesy lamps willalso come on. All :doors will lock whenDOOR is pressed. The trunk or tailgate will unlock whenthe opened trunk symbol is pressed, but only when the transmission is in PARK (P). Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain transmitter should last about two years. Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when yougo to your dealer. When the dealer matchesthe replacement transmitter to your vehicle, the remaining transmitters mustalso be matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter won’t work at the normal range in any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works, it’s probably time to change the batteries. For battery replacement, use two Duracella batteries, type DL-2016, or a similar type. You can match a transmitter to as many different vehicles as you own, provided they are equipped with exactly the same model system. (General Motors offers several different modelsof these systems on their vehicles.) Each vehicle can have only two transmitters matchedit. to See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle. 2-6 To replace the batteries: 1. If your transmitter has a screw, remove the screw from the back cover. If thereis no screw, carefully pry off the cover by inserting a dime (or similar object) in the slot between the covers and twisting. 2. Lxft off the front cover, bottom half first. Automatic Pull-Down Feature (ODtion) \ I If you have this feature,it pulls the trunk lid closed. This allowsyou to gentlypushthetrunk lid downand the pull-down feature then secures it completely. : ’ 3. Remove and replacethe batteries. Put themin as indicated bythe directions underthe batteries. 4. Replace the front cover. Make surethe cover is on tightly, so water won’tget in. Replacethe screw in the back cover, if there is one. If there is no screw, snap together. 5. Check the operation of the transmitter. ~~ NOTICE: ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ 1 Do not slam your trunk lid down if you have the pull-down feature.If you do, you may damage system. pull-down the 2-7 I I Tailgate Operation (Wagon) The tailgate can be opened like a regular door or like a drop-gate. The tailgate and tailgate window must first be unlocked. The tailgate is unlocked by usingthe power doorlock controls, the oval key in the lock or the Remote Keyless Entry System if you haveit. Once the tailgate has been unlocked, you can unlatch the tailgate window by pushing the key cylinder button all the way in. Then, raise the window. To open the tailgate like a regular door, pull up on the handle thatis near the end of the tailgate, onthe passenger’s side. 2-9 If the tailgate on your vehicle does not open as a drop-gate, it may not be fully latched as a door. Your GATE AJAR light will beon if the tailgate isn’t completely closed as a door. The tdgate is designed nottq dpen as a drop-gate when it is already open as a’boor. AJso,the tailgatewill not open as a door whenit is.beady open as a drop-gate. Check tosee if the tailgate is unlocked, then open and close it as a do& until the lower latch closes, and the GATE AJAR light goes out. You can lock the tailgate by putting the round keyin the lock and turningit to the right. Or, you can press down on the lock button. To close the window, pullit down againstthe tailgate To open it like a drop-gate,just reach inside and pull up and pressM y until it latches. on the handle thatis located nearthe center of the tailgate. Lower the tailgate all the way down. i Theft Parking at Night Vehicle theftis big business, especiallyin some cities. Although your Buickhas a numberof theft deterrent features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help. Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your vehicle. Rememberto keep your valuables outof sight. ’., Put themin a storage area,or take them with you. Key in the Ignition If you walk awayfrom your vehicle with the keys inside, it’san easy targetfor joy riders or professional thieves -- so don’t do it. When you park your Buick and open the driver’s door, you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and takeit with you. Alwaysdo this. Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition and transmission. And remember lock to the doors. 2-12 :. Parking Lots If you parkin a lot where someone will be watching your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys. But what if you have leave to your ignition key?What if you haveto leave something valuablein your vehicle? Put your valuablesin a storage area, like your trunk or glove box. 0 Lock the glove box. Lock all the doors except the driver’s. 0 Then take the door keywith you. PASS-Key@II Your vehicle is equipped withthe PASS-Key% (Personalized Automotive Security System) theft deterrent system. PASS-Key% is‘a passive theft deterrent system. This means you don’t have todo anything differentto arm or disarm the system. It works when youinsert or remove the key from the ignition. PASS-Key@II uses a resistor pelletin the ignition key that matches a decoder in your vehicle. When the PASS-Key% system senses that someoneis using the wrong key,it shuts downthe vehicle’s starter and fuel systems. For about three minutes,the starter won’t work andfuel won’t goto the engine. If someone tries tostart your vehicle againor uses another key during this time,the vehicle will not start.This discourages someonefrom randomly trying different keys with different resistor pelletsin an attempt to make a match. The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s inserted in the ignitionor the engine may not start.If the engine does not start and the PASS KEY light comes on, the key may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off. Clean anddry the key. Wait about three minutes and try again. The PASS KEY light may remain on during this time. If the starter still won’t work, and the(ey appears to be clean anddry, wait about threeminutes and try another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your vehicle needs service.If your vehicle does start, the first ignition key may be faulty. See your Buick dealeror a locksmith who can service the PASS-Key%. 1 ’ If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work and the PASS KEY light will come on. But you don’t have to wait three minutes before trying another ignition key. See your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service the PASS-Key% to have a new key made. If you’re ever driving and and the PASS KEY light comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if youturn it off. Your PASS-Key%I system, however, is not working properly and must be serviced by your Buick dealer.Your vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key%system. I If you lose or damage a PASS-Key@II ignition key, see your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key% to have a new key made. New Vehicle “Break-In” NOTICE: Your modern Buick doesn’t need an elaborate “break-in.” But it will perform betterin thelong run if you followthese guidelines: Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first500 miles (804 km). Don’t drive at any one speed fast or slow for the first500 miles (804 km). Don’t make full-throttle starts. Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322km) or so. During this time your new brake linings aren’t yet broken in. Hard stopswith new linings can mean premature wear and earlier replacement. Follow this “breaking-in” guideline every time you get new brake linings. 0 Don’t tow a trailer during “break-in.” See “Towing a Trailer’’ in theIndex for more information. -- -- -~ I 2-14 ~ LOCK (B): Before you put the key in, your ignition will bein the LOCK position. Thisis the only position in which you can remove the key. This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and transmission. It's a theft deterrent feature. Ignition Switch R OFT (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel, ignition ind transmission but doesn't send electrical power to any accessories. Turn the key to theOFF position if you must have your vehicle in motion while the engine off. is A E With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you can turn the switch tofive different positions: ACCESSORY (A): This positionlets you use things like the radio and the windshield wipers when the engine is off. To use the ACCESSORY position, pushin the key and turn it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked,just as it was before you insertedthe key. RUN (D): This isthe position for driving. START (E): This key position starts your engine. Note that even if the engine is not running, the positions ACCESSORY and RUN allow you to operate your electrical accessoi-ies, such as the radio and ventilation fan. I NOTICE: If your key seemsstuck inLOCK ana you can't turn it, be sure it is.'alI theway in. If it is, then turn the steering wheel left and right while you turn the key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.Using a tool to force it could break the key or the ignition switch.If none of this works, then your vehicle needs service. Starting Yous Engine Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N). Your engine won't start in any other position -- that's a safety feature.To restart when you're already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. NOTICE: Don't try to shift toPARK (P) if your Buick is moving. If you do, you could damage the transmission. Shiftto PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped. To start your5.7 Liter LT1 engine: 1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your engine gets warm. ' 2-16 ~ NOTICE: Holding yourkey in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time will cause your.battery tobe drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat 'can damage your starter motor. 2. If it doesn't start within 10 seconds, push the agcelerator pedal all the way the to floor, while you hold the ignition key in START. When the engine starts, let gp of the key and let up on the accelerator pedal. Wait about15 seconds between eachtry to help avoid draining your battery. When starting your engine in very cold weather (below 0" For -18" C), do this: 1. With your footoff the accelerator pedal,turn the ignition key to START and hold it there. When the engine starts, let go of the key. Use the accelerator pedal to maintain engine speed, if you haveto, until your engine has run for a while. i To use the coolant heater: ~ 1. Turn off the engine. 2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. ! 3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet. NOTICE: After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to store the cord as it was before to keep it away If you don’t, it could from moving engine parts. be damaged. How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer dependson the weather, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your Buick dealer inthe area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can giveyou the best advicefor that particular area. 2-1s Automatic Transmission There are several different positions for your shift lever. PARK (P): This locks your transmission drive shaft. It’s the best position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily. 2-19 Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) range before NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t To restart when you’re alreadv starting the engine. Your Buick has a brake-transmission connect with the wheels. shiftinterlock. You have to fully apply yourregularmoving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also use brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed. ignition keyis in the RUN position.If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish.See “Shifting Outof PARK (P)” in this section. r REVERSE (R): Use this gearto back up. ~~ NOTICE: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is movingforward could damage your (R) only transmission. Shift to REVERSE after your vehicle is stopped. ____________~~ To rock your vehicle back and forth to get outof snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see “Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index. II NOTICE: I Damage to your transmission caused by shifting out ofPARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine racing isn’t covered by your warranty. AmOMATIC OVERDRIVE (OD): This positionis for normal driving. If you need. more power for passing; and you’re: .. ~, .. . . ,. Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push yQur accelerator pedalabout halfway down. Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the accelerator all the way down. You’ll shift down to the..nextgear and have more power. THIRD (3): This is like OD,but you nevergo into Overdrive. Here ‘aresome times you might choose THIRD (3) instead of OVERDRIVE (0): When driving on hilly, winding roads When towing a trailer,so there is less shifting between gears When going down a steep hill , SECOND (2): This position gives you more power and lower fuel economy. You can useSECOND on hills. It can help control your speedas you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use your brakesoff and on. FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power (but lowerfuel economy) thanSECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever is put in FXRST (l),the transmission won’t shift into first gear untilthe vehicle is going slowly enough. NOTICE: If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to drive. This might happenif you werestuck in very deeps a d or mud or were up against a solid object. You could damage your transmission. Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your vehicle there with only the accelerator , pedal. This could overheat and damage the transmission. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position on a hill. 2-21 To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down. Pull the brake release lever. Limited-Slip Rear Axle (Option) If you have this feature, your rear axle can give you additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standardaxle most of the time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, the limited-slip feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle. Parking Brake The parking brake uses the brakes on the rear wheels. To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down with your right foot. Push downthe parking brake pedal with yourleft foot. If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will come on. NOTICE: Driving with the parking brake on can cause your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to replace them, andyou could also damage other parts of your vehicle. If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section sxplains what to dofirst to keep the trailerfrom moving. 2-22 Shifting Into PARK (P) 2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position like this: 0 Pull the lever toward you. 1; Hold the brake pedaldown with your right foot and set the parking brake. , 2-23 Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running 2-24 Torque Lock Shifting Out of PARK (P) If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your transmission into PARK (P) properly,the weight .ofthe vehicle mayput too much force on the parking pawl in the transmission.You may find it difficult to pullthe shift lever out of PARK (P). Thisis called “torque lock.” To prevent torque lock,set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s seat.To find out how,see “Shifting Into PARK (PI’’ in the Index. When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake. If “torque lock”does occur, you may needto have another vehicle push yours little a upbill to take some of the pressure from the transmission, so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). Your Buick has a brake-transmission shift interlock. Yotthave to fully apply your regular brakesbefore you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in the RUN position. See “Automatic Transmission”in the Index. If you cannot shift out of PARK (PI, ease pressureon the shiftlever -- push theshift lever all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you want.If you ever hold the brake pedal dowh but still can’t shiftout of PARK (P), try this: 1. Turn the key to OFF. 2. Apply and holdthe brake until the endof Step 4. 3. Shift to NEUlXAL (N). 4. Start the vehicleand then shift to the drive gear you want. 5. Have the vehicle fixed as soonas you can. 2-25 Running Your Engine While You’re Parked . . It’s betternot to paik with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know. Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If you are parking ona hill andif you’re pulling a trailer, alsosee “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. 2-27 Power Windows The switchfor the driver’s windowhas-anexpress-down feature. Pull the AUTO switch backall the way. Once engaged, release it and the window will lowerall the way. To stop the. windowfrom lowering, ,pressthe switch forward..Toraisk the window, press the switch forward. There are individual switches near each window. You have a lock out switch. Press LOCK to disable the power window switches.This will prevent passengers from opening and closingthe windows. The driver can still control allof the windows withthe switch in the locked position. Press UNLOCK to restore normal operation to all passenger window switches. Your power windows controls are on the armrest. They control eachof the four windows.To open a window, move the switch towardDN. To close it, move the switch towardUP. 2-28 Wagon Rear Vent Windows In the rear area, thereis a vent window on each side of the vehicle. To open, lift the latch and push out.To close, pullin and back on the latch. Horn To sound the horn, pressthe pad with the horn symbol on either side of the steering wheel. Tilt Wheel A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel before you drive. You can also raiseit to the highest level to give your legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle. To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Movethe steering wheel toa comfortable level, then release the lever to lock the wheel in place. 2-29 'hrn SignaVMultifunction Lever Turn Signal and LaneChange Indicator The lever on the left side of the steering column includes your: (for right) and two The turn signal has two upward downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change. 0 Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator 0 Headlamp High/Low Beam 0 WindshieldWipers WindshieldWasher 0 Cruise Control (Option) To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically. A green arrow onthe instrument panelwill flash in the direction of the turn or lane change. If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasheris used. With thisflasher installed, thesignal indicator will flash eVeii’ik a him signal;bulbis burned out. Checkthe front and rear turn signal lamps regularlyto make sure they are working. A chime wills ~ m ifd your turn signal remains on after having driven halfof a mile, toremind you tq I~ULI dB your signal. Headlamp High/Low Beam To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the green arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete yourlane change. The lever will return by itselfwhenyou release it. As you signal aturn or a lane change, if the arrows don’t flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers won’t ’see youi turn signal. If a bulbis burned out, replaceit to help avoid an accident. If the green arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, checkthe fuse (.see “Fuses andCircuit Breakers” in the Index) andfor burned-out bulbs. I . To change the headlamps from low beamto high or high to low, pull the turn signal leverall the way toward you. ‘Then release it. When the high beams are on, this blue light on the instrument panel will also be on. I Windshield Wipers @or a single wiping cycie, turn the band to Rdid it there until the wipers start, thenlet go. The wipers will stop after one cycle. Lf you want more cycles, hold the band on MIST longer. & S T i You can setthe wiper speedfor a long or short delay between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to choosethe delay time.The closer to LO, the shorter the delay. For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away from you tothe LO position. For high speed wiping, turn the band further, toHI. To stop the wipers, move the band toOFF. You control the windshield wipers by turning the bad marked WI€%R. 2-32 Be sure to clear ice and snowfrom the wiper blades before using them.If they’re frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts. Heavy snow orice can overload your wiper motor. A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear away snow orice to prevent an overload. Note: On the Estate Wagon, if the tailgate windowis not completely closed, the cruise control will not work. To Set Cruise Control 1. Move the cruise control switch to ON. 2. Get up to the speed you want,; 3. Press in the button at the endof the lever and releaseit. The CRUISE light on the instrument panel will come on. 4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal. 2-35 To Resume a Set Speed Suppose you setyour,cruise control at a desired speed and then you applythe brakes. This, of course, shuts off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it. Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can move the cruise control switch from ON to WA .(Resume/Accelerate) for about half a second. You’ll go right backup,to your chosen speed and stay there. To Increase Speed While Using Cruise Control There are two ways to go to a higher speed. Here’s the first: 1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. 2. Press the button at the endof the lever, then release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise at the higher speed. Here’s the second way to go to a higher speed: Move the cruise control switchfrom ON to WA. Hold it there until you get up the to speed you want, then releasethe switch. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch toWA for less than half a second and then go release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster. Remember if you holdthe switch.at WA for longer than half a second, the vehicle will keep going:.iaster until you release the switch or apply the bi.&es. Ymcould be startled and evenlose control. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the switch at WA. 2-36 The accelerate feature will only work after you have set the cruise control speed by pressing the SET button. To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise Control There are two waysto reduce your speed while using cruise control: Press in the button at the end of the lever until you reach the lower speed you want, then release it. To slow down in very small amounts, press the button for less than half a second. Each time you do this, you’ll go1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower. Passing Another Vehicle WhileUsing Cruise Control Use the accelerator pedal toincrease your speed. When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down tothe cruise control speed youset earlier. Using Cruise Controlon Hills How well yourcruise control will work on hills depenas upon your speed,load, and the steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the accelerator pedalto maintain your speed. When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course, applyingthe brake takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on steep hills. To Get Out of Cruise Control There are two ways to turnoff the cruise control: Step lightly on the brake pedal, OR Move the cruise switch toOFF. The CRUISE light will go out. To Erase Speed Memory When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your cruise control set speed memory is erased. Lamps The LIGHTSknob controls these lamps: 0 Headlamps Taillamps 2-38 0 Parking Lamps 0 License Lamps 0 Sidemarker Lamps 0 Instrument Panel amps 0 Interior Courtesv Lamps Pull the knob toward you, to first the setting toturn on the parking lamps. Pull the knob toward you, to the second setting to turn on the headlamps. By rotating the knob you can makethe instrument panel lamps bright or dim and turn the courtesy lamps on oroff. Lamps On Reminder If the lamp switch is left on you’ll hear a warning tone when you turnoff the ignition.You can disable the tone on vehicles without Daytime Running Lamps or Twilight Sentinelby turning the instrument panel brightness all the way down. Twilight Sentinel (Option) The Twilight Sentinel control below your LIGHTS switch twns your headlampson and off automatically by sensing how darkit is outside. To operate it, leave the LIGHTS switchoff and move the Twilight Sentinel control to any positionbut off. (The off position is when the white dot on the switch is rotated all the way to the left.) Your Twilight Sentinel and Daytime Running Lamps (Canada Only) work with the light sensor on top of your instrument panel. Doa’t cover it up, if you do, it will read “dark”a d ‘your lamps willcome on. If you movethe control all the way to the right, your lamps will remain on for three minutes after you turn the ignition toOFF. If you movethe control towardthe left, the lamps will gooff quickly when you turnthe ignition to OFF. You can change this delay timefrom one second to four minutes. When the Twilight Sentinel is turned off, use your LIGHTS switch tooperate the headlamps. 2-39 Daytime ,Running Lamps (Canada Only) To idle your vehicle with theDRL off, apply your parking brake before turning on the ignition. Once you release the parking brake, the DIU cannot be turnedoff as long as the ignitionis on. Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) makeit easier to ‘see the front,of your vehicle during the day.DRL can be helpful when it’s raining and in the short periods after dawn and before sunset. Several countries, including Canada, require DRL. As with any vehicle, you shouldturn on the regular headlamp system anytime you needit. A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the DRL work, so be sureit isn’t covered. Delayed Illuminated Entry Without Keyless Entry ’ ’ / The DRL system willmaKe your low beam headlamps come on at reduced brightness indayught when: 0 the ignition is on, 0 the headlamp switch is off, and the parking brake is released. When you open the door,the interior courtesy lamps will turn on.,These lamps willgo off automatically after about 40 seconds, or when the ignition is turned on. They makeit easy for you to enter and leave the vehicle. You also can turn these lamps on by rotating the LIGHTS switch all the way to the left. When the DRL are on, only your low beam headlamps Delayed Illuminated Entry with the will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps Keyless Entry System won’t beon. Your instrument panel won’t belit up either. . As long as the doors are closed and the ignition is OFF: When it’s dark enough outside, your low beam headlampsIf you press theUNLOCK button on the Keyless will change to full brightness. The other lamps that come Entry transmitter,the interior lamps will comeon for on with your headlamps will also come on. about 30 seconds or until you st& your engine. When it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps will If you press the DOOR button on the Keyless Entry go off, and your low beam headlamps change to the transmitter, the interior lamps will come on for about reduced brightnessof DRL. two seconds. 2-40 Wagon Rear Compartment Lamps Rear Reading Lamps There are lamps onthe assist handles in the rear area of the station wagon.Press the switch to turn them on or off. These courtesy lamps turn on when you open the doors. To turn on the reading lamps when the doors are closed, press the top of the switch. Press the bottom of the switch to him them off. Front ReadingLamps Front seat reading lampsare turned onby pressing the switch located on the rearviewmirror. Electrochromic Mirror (Option) Automatidoff Switch ," There is an automatic and anoff position. Whenthe button onthe bottom of the mirroris pressed up and has a green halo,the mirror is on automatic. Press againto turn OB: Time Delay The mirror delays~before changing from the night tothe day position. This delay prevents rapid changing of the mirfof as you drive under lights and through traffic. Reverse Gear Day Mode Your Buick may havean automatic inside mirror. The automatic mirror adjustsfor the glare of headlamps behind you. It detects changesin light, and then adjusts for day or night operation. During the day the mirror reflectsall the light from behind your vehicle. At night, when the glare is too high, it changes to the night mode. Then,it reflects only part of the light from behind you. Whenthe mirror changes to the night mode,it holds that position until glare is no longer present. The reverse modeis another important featureof the automatic mirror. When the shift lever is placed in REVERSE (R), the mirror shifts to the day mode. This gives you a brightimage in the mirror as you back up. Front Reading Lamps There are two reading larnps located on the rearview mirror. Press the switch closest to the lamp tto urn it on or off. ' Convex Outside Mirror >I .: 1 '_-: .~ ' Front Storage Armrest (Option) The armrest between the fiont seats opens intoa storage area. Wagon Cargo Cover Convenience Net (Sedan) t .. The cargo coverallows jhdden storagein the rear area of your vehicle. The 3 To use the cargo cover: 1. Pull the cargo cover by the center handle all the way to the tailgate. I- Your vehicle has a convenience net. You’ll itsee just inside the back wallof the trunk. 2. Put the hooks of the handle into the slots onthe rear pillar trim. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the Itnet. can help keep themfrom falling over during sharp t u r p s or quick starts and ‘stops. To return the cover: The net isn’tfor larger, heavierloads, Store themin the trunk as far forward as you can. You can unhook the netso that it will lieflat when you’re not usingit. 1. Pull on the handle, pulling the cover up and outof the 4lots. 2. Genfly let the cover roll back to the front. Be careful qpt tolet go of thecover beforeit is fully retracted, as it could be damaged. Sun Visors Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You can also swing them tothe side. If the visors swing too easily, tighten the screws on the rear of the visors. Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror (Option) The front center ashtray may be lifted out for cleaning. The lighted visor vanity mirror lights up when the mirror cover is opened. Closingthe mirror coverturns off the lamps. . . .. - . . .. . .. The cigarette lighteris near the ashtray. To use the lighter, pushit in all the way and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself. NOTICE: If you hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it is heating,it won’t be able to back away from the heating element -when it’s ready.That can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and the heating element. Pull up on the rear ashtrays to remove them for cleaning. NOTICE: Don’t put papers or other flammable things into your ashtrays.Hot cigarettes or other smoking materials could ignite them, causinga d a a g i n g fire. Assist Handles A folding handle over each door can be used to get in and outof your vehicle. LOW COOLANT LEVEL &HOT TEMP LOW CHANGE OIL OIL LEVEL Ar ~0101010101112] APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT FROM PARK UNLEADED FUEL ONLY VOLTS SERVICE ENGINE SOON FUEL BRAKE CRUISE Your instrument panelis designed tolet you know ata glance how your vehicle is running. You'll know how fast you're going, how muchfuel you're using, and 2-54 LOW WASH FLUID . LOCK 1 many other things you'll need to know to drive safely and economically. Speedometer and Odometer Trip Odometer Your speedometer lets you see your speedin both miles per hour (mph) and kilometersper hour (km/h). Your odometer shows howfar your vehicle has been driven, in either miles (usedin the United States) or kilometers (used in Canada). fl TRIP ci> A trip odometercan tell you how may miles you have driven since you last set it to zero. To reset it, press the button. Your Buick has a tamper-resistant odometer. If you can see very noticeablebright silver lines between the numbers, someone has probably tried turn to it back. The numbers may not be accurate. You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a new odometer installed.The new one should be set to the same readingas the old one.If that is not possible, then it’s set at zero, and a label on the driver’s door must show the old reading and when the new one was installed. < 2-55 Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators Gages This part describesthe warning lights and gages that may be on your vehicle. Wming lights and gages can signal that something is wrong beforeit becomes serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your wsiraing lights and gages could also save or you others from injury. I Warning lights come on when there may beisor a problem with oneof your vehicle’s functions.As you will see in the details onthe next few pages, some warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let you know they’re working.If you are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed when this happens. 2-56 can indicate when there may beisora problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and warning lights work togetherto let you know when there’s a problem with your vehicle. When one of the warning iights comes on and stays on when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help. -L Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light 1 (@I ANTI LOCK With the anti-lock brake system, this light will come on when you start your engine and may stay onfor several seconds. That’s normal. If the light doesn’t come on, haveit fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem. If the light stayson, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on when you’re driving,stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then startthe engine again to reset the system. If the lightstill stays on, or comes on again while you’re driving, your Buick needs service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your regular brakes.See “Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this part. The anti-lock brake system warning light may also come on when you are driving with a compact spare tire. If this happens, thelight means you won’t have anti-lock until you replace the compact spare with a full-size tire. If the warning light stays on after you replace the compactspare with afull-size tire, or if it comes on again when you’re driving, your Buick needs service. Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light -F- This red light comes on as a bulb check when youstart your engine.This light tells you that your engine coolant has overheated. Engine Coolant Temperature Gage TEMP -& This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.If the gage pointer moves into the red area, your engineis too hot! k HOT If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle andturn the engineoff as soon as possible. Hot coolant can burn your badly! The section “Problemson,theRoad,” in this manual shows what to do.See “Engine Overheating”in the Index. as the warning light. That reading means the same thing It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pulloff the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the engineas soon as possible. Hot coolant can burn your badly! The section “Problems on the Road,” in this manual shows what to do.See “Engine Overheating”in the Index. Low Coolant Warning Light LOW COOLANT LEVEL If you havethis amber light and it comes on, the system is low on coolant and the engine may overheat. Malfunction Indicator Lamp Domestic vehicles are equipped with this malfunction indicator lamp. SERVICE ENGINE SOON Canadian vehicles have this malfunction indicator lamp. 2-61 A computer monitors operationof your fuel, ignition and emission control systems. This amber light should come on when youtufa the key to RUN or START as a check to show you isit working. If the mulfunction indicator lamp does not come on at all, haveit fixed right away.I€ it stays on, or it comes on while you are driving,the computer is indicating that you have a problem.You should take your vehiclein for service soon. Engine OilPressure Light This red light tells you if there could be a problem with your engineoil pressure. w 4 OIL NOTICE: If you keep driving your vehicle with t i s light There are three times this light can come on briefly, on, after a while the emission controls won’t which is normal and doesn’t showa problem. They are: work as well, your fuel economy won’t be as good 0 The light comes on when you turn your keyRUN to and your engine may not run as smoothly. This or START. That’s just a check to be sure the light could lead to costly repairs not covered by your works. If this light doesn’t come on, be sure to have warranty. it fixed so it will be there to warn you if something goes wrong. 0 If you’re “idling” at a stop sign, the light may blink on and then off. 0 If you make a hard stop,the light may come on for a moment. LOW OIL L,EV Change Oil Indicator CHANGE OIL The amber CHANGEO L light is activated by the Engine Oil LifeMoniitor System. The engineoil Me monitor system determind8 the conditionof the engine oil and lets you know when the oil should be changed. See “Engine Oil”in the Index. It does thi$ by electronically receiving data from the Powertrain Control Module.The data it receives contains information about engine speed (revolutions per &Ute), coolant temperatureand vehicle speed.The oil life monitor uses this&&q . t , determine ~ how much the oil has degraded. When to change youroil depend$ an driving habits and conditibns because these directly affect engine speed, coolant temperature andvehick speed. Becauseof this, the CHANGE OIL light many comeon as early as 2,000 miles or less for harsh conditions. 2-64 - . If the CHANGEOIL light stays onfor 20 seconds or more after you turn on tlie ignition, have oil the changed. After changing the engineoil, the system must be reset. With the ignition keyin the kUN position, but the engine off, fuiiy push and release the accelerator pedal three times withinfive seconds. The CHANGE OIL light will flash two times confim to you have reset the system. If the CHANGEOIL light comes on and stays on for five seconds, it did not reset. You’ll need to reset the system again. Battery Light When youturn the key to RUN or START, this red light will come on briefly, to show that your alternator and battery charging systems are working. VOLTS If the light stays on, your vehicle needs service, and you Low should take your Buick to the dealer at once.To save your battery until you get there, turn off all accessories, and set your air system to OFF. Gate Ajar Light GATE AJAR Your wagon has aGATE AJAR w m h g light. This red light should comeon when the tailgate is opened as a door. It will stay on until the tailgate has been fully closed. It does not come on when the tailgate has been openedas a gate. Washer Fluid Light If this orangelight comes on, it means you’re low on washer fluid. LOW WASH FLUID Cruise Control Light This light comeson when you set cruise control. CRUISE -LowFuel Light p3 LOW FUEL This amber light comeson briefly as a bulb check when you start your engine. If this light comes on and stays on, you should get more fuel soon. Here arefour concerns some owners have had about the fuel gage. All these situations are normal and do not indicate that anythingis wrong with thefuel gage. At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage readsF. It takes more (or less) gas fill to up than the gage indicated. For example,the gage may have indicated half full, but it took more -- or less -- than half of the tank’s capacity tofill it. The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed up, or stop your vehicle. When you turn the engineoff, the gage doesn’t goall the way back toE. :Fuel Gage FUEL V 2-66 Your fuel gage shows how much fuel is in your tadc. It works only whenthe engine is on. When the indicator nears E, you still have a little fuel left. You need to get more right away. I Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems In this part you’ll findout how to operatethe comfort control systems and audio systems offered with your Buick. Be sureto read aboutthe particular system supplied with your vehicle. Air Conditioning with Electronic Controls selecting any air choice (except the rear window defogger) andthe HI fan speed. The manual system will recirculatethe air for m a i nnurn air conditioning performance when RECIRC is selected. Your Buick’s flow-through ventilation system supplies outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. When the heater or air conditioningfan is running, outside air will also enter the vehicle. System Controls Fan Speeds The fan control is used to select the airflow. Temperature Control Fresh airfrom outside your vehicleflows through your Slide the temperature control betweenCOOL and Buick when the vehicleis moving. When the vehicle is WARM to change the temperatureof the air coming not moving, you can get outside air to flow through by through your air outlets. 3-1 Air Conditioning Defrost The defrost setting directs most of the air through the defroster vents and some through the heater outlets. Use defrost whenyou want to removefog or ice from the windshield. 3-2 Rear Window Defogger (Option) The lines you see on the rear window warmthe glass. Pressthe button to start warming your window. After 10 minutes, it will go off by itself or pressing the button again during the heating cycle willshut it Off. If you need additional wanning tirne, press the button again. If you have the heated outside rearview mirrors option, the mirrors will bewarmed when the rear defogger is on. Do not attach anythinglike a temporary vehicle license or decal across the defogger grid on the rear window. NOTICE: Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. 3-3 Electronic Climate Control (Option) System Controls TEMP: To choose the temperature you want maintained inside the vehicle, use this button. Pressing the TEMP button only once with the exterior temperature displayed will not change the set temperature. Fromthe AUTO mode,pressingthetemperature to 90" F (33" C ) will automatically allow the system to select the high blower and FLOOR mode. .i: ' " From theAUTO mode, pressing the temperature to 60" F (16 C ) will automatically allowthe system to select high blower MIDDLE mode and recirculate air. O AUTO: When the systemis set for automatic, air will come from the floor outlets, the instrument panel outlets or both. Fan speed will vary (unless an arrow on the FAN button has been pressed) as the system gets to and maintains the temperature setting you have selected. The display will show the selected temperature and blower speed. In cold weather the system will delay turning on the blower, to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay depends on engine coolant temperature, outside temperature and time since the engine was last started. Pressing an arrow on the FAN button will override this delay and turn on the blower. MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through the instrument panel outlets. The blower speed- will go lower or higher with every press of the button until the lowest or highest speedis reached. .:. ' ., ., Defrost BLEND: This setting directsthe airflow to the instrument paneloutlets and the floor outlets. FLOOR: Pressing this settingdirects all airflow tothe floor outlets. DEFOG: This setting directsthe airflow tothe windshield andfloor areas. VENT: Use this setting when you don't want to coolthe air coming into your vehicle. The airflow will come from the instrument panel outlets. OFF: When the systemis off, the ventilation allowsair to flow through the heater ducts while the vehicle is moving. The exterior temperature will show in the display area. Fan Speeds The speed of the blower fanis controlled automatically if you have thefan on AUTO. However, youcan control the fan blower speed withthe FAN button. Defrost will work better if any ice and snowis cleared from the hood a d the air-inletarea betweenthe hobd and the windshield. Blower speed will be controlled automatically, or you can choose another speed by pressing the FAN button. Rear WindowDefogger .(Option) The lines yousee on the rear window warrn the glass to remove fog and ice. Press the button to start warming your window. After 10 minutes, it will gooff by itself, or pressingthe button again during theheatin&,!!:I:, , Audio Systems Your Delco' audio system has been designed to operate easily and give years of listening pIeqsure. Youwill get the most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint yourself witb it first.' Find out whatyour Delco'system can do and how to operateall of its controls, to be sure you're getting the most outof the advanced engineering that weqt into it. Setting the Clock 1. Press and holdHRS until the correct hour appears. 2. Press and holdMIN until the correct minute appears. If you need additional warming time, press the button again. If you have the heated outside rearview mirrors option, the -mirrors will be warmed when the rear defogger is on. 'Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle license .or decal across the.defogger g$d on the rear window. ~~ NOTTCE:. Don't use a razor blade or something else sharp on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn't be covered by your warranty. AM/FM Stereo Radio with Cassette Tape Player : . RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display.To change what is normally shown on the.display (stationor time), press the knob until you seethe display you want, then hold the knob untilthe display flashes.If you pressthe knob when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a few seconds. Finding a Station Press the lower knob select to FM1, FM2 or AM. TUNE: Turn the lower knob to c@ose radio stations. SEEK: Press the forwardor backward arrow togo to the next higheror lower station.The sound will be muted while seeking. SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrows for two seconds, and SCAN will appearin the display. Use SCAN to listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press oneof the SEEK buttons again to stop scanning. I I. Playing the Radio Turn the VOLUME knob to turn the system on and off. VOLUME: Turn the upperknob clockwise to increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume , \ 3-7 Presets: p e six pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You %an set up to 18 stations (sixAM, six FM 1 and six FM2). 1. Press AM FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you want. 3. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons. 4. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the button. Whenever?youpress that numbered button, the station you set ~ i ireturn. l P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to eachof your preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to thefirst preset station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop scanning. Setting the Tone Playing a CassetteTape The longer side with the tape visible shouldface to the right. The tape will begin playingas soon as you insert it. If you hear nothingor hear a garbled sound, the tape may not bein squarely. Press EJECTto remove the tape and start over. While the tape is playing, usethe VOLUME, FADE, BAL, TREB and BASS controls just as you dofor the radio. Other controls may have different functions when a tapeis inserted. The display will show an arrow to indicate whichside of the tape is playing. If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is off, first press EJECTor RECALL. Note that cassette tape adapter kitsfor portable compact disc players will not work in yourcassette player. These adapters will cause an error message in the display, andthe adapter cassette will be ejected. Your tape bias is set automatically. SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to search for the next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for SEEK to work. 443): Press this buttonto reverse the tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will play while the tape reverses. bb(4): Press this buttonto advance quickly to another part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playing speed.The radio will play while the tape advances. SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the tape that is playing. (6): Press this button to reduce background noise. The display will show either OFF or ONfor a few seconds when you pressthe button. Dolby@B Noise Reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DOLBYandthesymbolaretrademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio will play. 3-9 CLN: This message may appear on the display. If it does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soonas possible to prevent damage toyour tapes and player.See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player”in the Index. After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to resetthe CLN indicator.“- - -” will :appear in the display to show the indicator was reset. A” Stereo Radios with Automatic Tone Control (Option) the button until you see the display you want, then hold the button until the display flashes. If you pressthe button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a few seconds. Finding a Station AM FM: Press this button to getAM, FM1 or FM2. The display shows your selection. TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio stations. If your Buick has a radio with Automatic Tone Control, SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next the instructions below will explain how to use the radio.higher or lower station.The sound will be muted while To find out if your radio has Automatic Tone Control, seeking. look for a TONE button.If the system has one, you have SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds, Automatic Tone Control.If not, see the system and SCAN will appearin the display. Use SCAN to explained earlier in this section. listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to a station,stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next Playing the Radio station. PressSEEK again to stop scanning. Press the VOLUME knob to turn the system on and off. Presets: The six pushbuttonslet you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to18 stations (six AM, VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase six FM1 and six FM2). You can also set an equalization volume. Turnit counterclockwise to decreasevolume setting with each preset station. RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station 1. Press AM FM to select the band. being played or the clock display. To change whatis normally shown on the display (station or time), press 2. Find the station you want. 3. Press TONEto choose the equalization setting for the station. 4. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons. TREB: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob to increase or decrease treble.The middle position is a detent. 5. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the Push the knobs backin when you’re not using them. button. Whenever you press that numbered button, the station and the equalization you set will return. AUTO SET Press this button and the system will set the 12 strongest FM or thesix strongest AM stations on your preset buttons.To return to the stations you manually set, press the AUTO SET button again. P SCAN: Press P SCAN to listen to eachof your preset stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. PressP SCAN again tostop scanning. Setting theTone BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Twn the knob to increase or decrease bass.The middle positionis a detent. TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble and bass equalization settings designed for classical, pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations. CLASS will appear on the display when you first press TONE.Each time you pressit, another setting will appear on the display. Press it again afterC&W appears and MANUALwill appear. Tone control will return to the treble and bass knobs. Also, if you use the treble and bass knobs, control will return to them and MANUAL will appear. Adjusting the Speakers BAL: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob to move the sound to left the or right speakers. The middle positionis a detent and balances the speakers. FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob to move the sound to the fiont or rear speakers. The middle position is a detent and balances the speakers. Push the knobs backin when you’re not using them. 3-11 While the tapeis playing, use theVOLUME, FADE, BAL, TREB and BASS controlsjust as you dofor the radio. Other controls may have different functions when a tape is inserted. The display will show TAPE and an arrow to indicate which side of the tapeis playing. Your tape bias is set automatically. PREV (1): Press this button to searchfor the previous selection on the tape.Your tape must have at least three secondsof silence between each selectionfor PREV to work. NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selectionfor NEXT to work. Playing a Cassette Tape The SEEK down and up arrowswill also find the The longer side with the tape visible shouldface to the previous and next selections on the tape. right. The tape will begin playing as soon as you insert it. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape 4 4 3 ) : Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly. The radio will may not be in squarely. Press EJECT to remove the tape Press it again to return to playing speed. play while the tape reverses. and start over.If you want toinsert a tape when the ignition is off, first press EJECT or RECALL. 3-12 bb(4):Press this button to advance quickly to another part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playing speed. The radio will play whiie the tape advances. SIDE (5): Press this button to changethe side of the tape that is playing. (6): Press this buttonto reduce background noise. Dolby' B Noise Reductionis manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DOLBY and the an symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporatioo. AM FM: Press this button to play the radio whena tape is in the player. Playing a Compact Disc SOURCE: Press this knob to change to the tape function when the radiois on. TAPE with an arrowwill Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The appear on the display when the tape is active. player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing. EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio will play. 3-13 Dolby@B Noise Reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. DOLBY and thedo symbol are trademarksof Dolby Laboratories bicensing Corporation. AUTO PRE@CT Press it and the system will set the 12 strongest FM or the six strongestAM stations on your preset buttons.To return tothe stations you manually set, pressthe AUTO PRESET button again. (This button performsthe same function as AUTO SET described above.) Combined CassetteKD Player -- Unique Features 00:The player automatically reduces background noise from Dolby@BNR-encoded tapes. EJECT The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Press the button nearthe tape slot to remove a tape. The radio will PlaySOURCE: Press this knob to change the to tape or disc function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a disc are installed, the system will first go to tape play; TAPE will appear on the display. If SOURCE is pressed again, the system willgo to disc play; CD will appear on the display. 3-15 THEFTLOCK’” Your system has thisfeature if it shows “Theftlock”on its face. THEFTLOCK” is a theft-deterrent feature that can be used or ignored.If you ignoreit, your system will play normally. If you use it, your system can’t be turned on ifit is stolen becauseit locks anytime battery power ‘ is removed. To unlockit, a code must be entered. 4. Press buttons 1 and 4 at $he same h e and holq until “- - -” shows on the display. You now have only 15 seconds between eachof the following steps. $ 5. Press MIN and “000” will appear onthe display. 6 . Press MIN again andhold untilthe last two digitsof -, your code appear. These instructions will tell you how to enter a code into 7. Press and hold‘ H R S until thefirst digit or digitsof your system. Theyalso tell you how to unlockthe your code appear. system with your code and how to shut off the THEFTLOCK TM system. 8. Press AM FM after you makesure the code matches the one you wrote down.“rEP” will appear on the Entering a Code display, meadng you should repeat Steps5 through 7. 1. Write down any number from 000 to 1999. This is 9. After you repeat the steps, pressAM FM. SEC your code. should appear onthe display, meaning your systemis secured. If your ignition is off, “Theftlock” will flash 2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN. in the display. 3. Turn the radio off. : Store the paper with your code written on in ait safe place. 3-16 Unlocking the System Disabling THEFTLOCK If battery power is removed for any reason, LOC will appear onthe display when poweris reapplied. You will need to enter your code to unlockthe system. You have only 15 seconds between eachof the followingsteps. If you want to turnoff THEFTLOCK”, you will need to enter your code. If you lose or forget your code, see your dealer. 1. Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear on the display. 2. Press MIN and “000” will appear onthe display. TM 1. Press buttons 1 and 4 at the same time and holduntil “SEC” shows on the display. You now have only 15 seconds between eachof the following steps. 3. Press MIN again and hold untilthe last two digitsof your code appear. 2. Press MIN and “000” will appear on the display. 4. Press and holdHRS until the first digit or digitsof your code appear. 3. Press MIN again and hold until thelast two digits of your code appear. 5. Press AM FM after you make sure the code matches 4. Press and hold HRS until the first digit or digits of the one you wrote down. SEC should appear on the your code appear. display, meaning you can now use your system, and 5. Press AM FM after you make sure the code matches it is secured. the one you wrote down.“- - -” should appear on the display, meaning your system is unsecured. 3-17 Tips About Your Audio System Hearing damagefrom loud noise is alrncst undetectable until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by adjusting the volume controlon your radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adaptsit.to To help avoid hearing lossor damage: 1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting. 2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and clearly. 3-18 I NOTICE: Before you add any sound equipment to your CB radio, mobile vehicle like a tape player, telephone or two-way radio =- be sure you can add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very important to doit properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine, Delco@radio or other systems, and even damage them. And, your vehicle’s systems mayinterfere with the operation of sound equipmentthat has been added improperly. So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules covering mobileradio and telephoneunits. -- Understanding Radio Reception FM Stereo FM stereo willgive you the best sound, butFM signals will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go. AM The range for most AM stations is greater thanfor FM, especially at night.The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can also pick up noisefrom things like storms and power lines. To lower this noise, try reducing the treble level. Care of Your Cassette Tape Player A tape player thatis not cleaned regularlyis subject to reduced sound quality, ruiningthe cassette, or damaging the mechanism. Tape cassettes that are not properly stored in theirplastic cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and extreme heat may not operate properly and could cause premature failure of the tape player. Your tape player should be cleaned with every 50 hours of use to provide optimum performance. Your radio may display CLNto indicate that you have used your tape player for 50 hours without resettingthe tape clean timer. (See “Playing a Cassette Tape” earlier in this section.) If you notice a reductionin sound quality, regardless of when the tape player was last cleaned, try playing a different cassette to see if the tape orthe tape player is at fault. If the second cassette resultsin no improvement in sound quality, try cleaning the tape player. Proper tape player cleaning should be done with a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaner cassette. This is a wet-type cleaning system that uses a cleaning cassette with pads which scrubthe tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.To properly clean your tape player, follow the instructions with the cleaning cassette. If you use this typeof cleaner, the radio may display an error and eject the cartridge. This is normal and is the result of an added feature inthe tape player that detects broken tapes. If an error occurs, you will need to insert the cleaning cassette at least three times to thoroughly clean the tape player. You may prefer to use a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner. This typeof cleaner uses afabric belt to clean the tape head.This type of cleaner cassette will not cause an error, butit may not cleanthe tape player as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner. A scrubbing action cleaner is available through your dealer (GM Part No. 12344600). Fixed Mast Antenna The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged.If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, asit might be by vandals, you should replace it. Check every oncein a while to beSure the mast isstill Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may tightened to the fender. degrade over time. Always verify that the cassette tape Power Antenna Mast Care is in good condition andthe tape player is clean before obtaining serviceon your tape player. Your power antenna will look its best and work well if it's cleanedfm.mAme ' .t~ t i q To ~ clean&e .g&e-m-q~. Care of Your Compact Discs mast: Handle discs carefully.Store them in their original cases x other protective cases and away from direct sunlight 1. Turn on the ignition and radioto raise the antenna. md dust. If the surfaceof a discis soiled, dampen a 2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spiritsor :lean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and equivalent solvent. :lean it, wiping from the center to the edge. Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the 2dge of the hole andthe outer edge.,: 3-20 3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing any dirt. I NOTICE: Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication could damage it. NOTICE: 4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth. 5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the radio or ignition off and on. 6. Then repeat if necessary. Before enteringan automatic carwash, turn off your radio to make the power antenna go down. This will prevent the mast from possibly getting damaged. If the antennadoes notgo down when you turn the radiooff, it may bedamaged or need to becleaned. In eithercase, lower the antenna by hand by carefully pressing the antenna down. If the mast portionof your antenna is damaged, you can easily replaceit. See your dealerfor a replacementkit and follow the instructions in the kit. - 3-21 NOTES I . Section 4 Your Driving and the Road Defensive Driving I The best advice anyonecan give about drivingis: Drive defensively. Please start with a very important safety device in your in the Index.) Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they ,might do. Be ready for their mistakes. Rear-end collisions are about the most preventableof accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It’sthe best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving.You never Here you’ll find information about driving on different know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake kinds of roads andin varying weather conditions. We’ve or turn suddenly. also included many other useful tips on driving. 4-1 I I of wine or three mixed drinksif each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka. It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lowerBAC level. 4-3 Control of a Vehicle Braking You have three systems that make your vehicle go whereBraking action involvesperception time and reaction you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and time. the accelerator. All three systems haveto do their work First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. at the places wherethe tires meetthe road. That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and doit. That’s reaction time. Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that’s only an average.It might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be alot of distance in an emergency,so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important. And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surfaceof the road (whether it’s pavement or gravel); the conditionof the road (wet, dry,icy); tire tread; and the conditionof your brakes. Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snowice, or it’s easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you lose can control of your vehicle. 4-5 Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) spurts heavy acceleration followed by heavy Your Buick has an advanced electronic braking system braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a that will help prevent a braking skid. mistake. Your brakes maynot have time tocool between hard stops.Your brakes will wear out much faster if you This light on the do alot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the instrument panel will traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will come on briefly when eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means you start your vehicle. better braking and longer brake life. -- If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But you will useit when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer tostop and the brake pedal will be harder to push. ANTI LOCK When you start your vehicle and begin to drive away, you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise. And you may even notice that your brake pedal moves littlea while this is going on. This is the ABS system testing itself. If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake system, the anti-lock brake system warning light will stay on. See “Anti-Lock Brake SystemWarning Light” in the Index. 4-6 The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to makethe most of available tireand road conditions. Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet. You’re driving safely. Suddenlyan animal jumps out in front of you. ABS. You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with A computer senses that wheelsare slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling,the computer will separately workthe brakes at eachfront wheel and at the rear wheels. You can steeraround the obstacle while braking hard. As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly. 4-7 I Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need to get yourfoot up to the brake pedal. If you get too close to the vehicle in h n t of you, you won’thave time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enoughroom up ahead to stop, even though you have anti-lock brakes. To Use Anti-Lock Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock work for you. You may hearthe anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake pedal pulsate, but thisis normal. Braking in Emergencies Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same w e . In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking. I Steering Power Steering If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort. Steering Tips Driving on Curves It’s importantto take curves at a reasonable speed. A lotof the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here’s why: Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subjectto the same lawsof physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when youturn the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle goingin the same direction.If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this. The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires andthe road surface, the angleat which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control. Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-steering and acceleration-- have to dotheir work where the tires meetthe road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too muchof those places. You can lose control. Steering in Emergencies There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over hill a and find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out~frombetween parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stopin time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for evasive action-- steering around the problem. Your Buickcan perform very wellin emergencies like these. First apply your brqes. (See “Braking in What should you doif this ever happens? Ease up on the Emergencies” earlierin this section.) Itis better to accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it remove as much speedas you can from a possible to go, and slow down. collision. Thenstier around the problem, to theleft or right depending on the space available. Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are An emergency like this requires close attention and a based on good weather and road conditions. Under less quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at favorable conditions you’llwant.to go slower. the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions,you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing If you needto reduce your speed as you approach a gast, steer quickly, and curve, doit before you enter the curve, while your front either hand. But you have to act just as quickly straightenthe wheel once you have wheels are straight ahead. &voided the object. Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the The fact that such emergency situations are always curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at accelerate untilyou are out of the curve, and then all times and wear safety belts properly. accelerate gently intothe straightaway. 4-9 Off-Road Recovery Passing You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving. The driverof a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lane highway waitsfor just the right moment, accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver? If the level of the shoulderis only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up 114 to turn untilthe turn right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then your steeriag wheel to go straight down the roadway. APPROX. QUARTER TURN LEFT y / 4-10 edge of paved surface Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an errorin judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision. So here are some tipsfor passing: “Drive ahead.”Look down the road, to the sides, and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns.If you have any doubt whatsoever about makinga successful pass, wait for a better time. Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can seea sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right topass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross solid a line on your sideof the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic. Do not get too close tothe vehicle you want to pass while you’re awaitingan opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also, you won’thave adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance. 0 When it looks like a chance to passis coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be increasing speedas the time comes to move into the other lane. If the wayis clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that more than makes for upthe distance you wouldlose by dropping back. And if something happensto cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity. If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn.But take care that someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot. Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start yourleft lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back intothe right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicleyou just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.) Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a timeon two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle. Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicletoo rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing downor starting to turn. If you’re being passed,make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right. 4-11 c Driving at Night Here are some tips on night driving. 0 Drive defensively. 0 Don’t drink aad drive. 0 Adjust yourinside rearview mirror to reducethe glare from headlamps behind you. 0 Since you can’t see as well, you may need toslow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles. 0 Slow down, especiallyon higher speed roads.Your headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead. 0 In remote areas, watchfor animals. If you’re tired,pull off the road in a safe place and rest. 0 Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely be to impaired -- by alcohol ordrugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue. 4-13 Night Vision No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much lightseetothe same thingat night as a 20-year-old. What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For example,if you spendthe day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glarefrom headlamps, but theyalso make a lot of things invisible. You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights.It can take a second or two, or even several seconds,for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps), slow down alittle. Avoid staring directly into the approaching lights. I :. . I I* . ; : >, (/I Driving toofast,through large water puddlesor even going through some'car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes.Try to avoid gpddles. But if you can't, try to slowdown before you hit them. 4-16 Hydroplaning Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happenif the road is wet enough and you’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road. Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your tires haven’t much tread or the if pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning. Some Other Rainy Weather Tips Turn on your low-beam headlamps -- not just your parking lamps -- to help make you more visible to others. Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted by road spray. Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See “Tires’’ inthe Index.) Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just isn’t a hard andfast rule about hydroplaning.The best adviceis to slow down whenit is raining. 4-17 City Driving Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving: i 0 . I - i .i f , i [ Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of the cityjust as you would for a cross-country trip. Try to use the freeways thatrim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”) Treat a green light as a warning signal.A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough to needit. When a light turns green, and just before you st= to move, check both waysfor vehicles that haven.ot cleared the intersection or may be running the red light. ‘P . .. I k One of the biggest problems with city streets the is amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals. ..3: . Freeway Driving At the entrance there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic.Trpi,determine where you expect to blend with the flow.Try to merge intothe gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow. Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speedtheto posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass. Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal. Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot. Once you are moving onthe freeway, make certainyou allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move slightly slowerat night. Mile for mile, freeways(also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest When you want toleave the freeway, move to the proper of all roads. But they have their own special rules. lane wellin advance. If you miss your exit do not, under The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep any circumstances, stop and ba&up. Drive on to the up with traffic and keepto the right. Drive at the same next exit. speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the The exit ramp can be curved, sometimesquite sharply. left laneon a freeway as a passing lane. The exit speed is usually posted. Here are some thtngs you can check before a trip: :Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not *to your sense of motion. After drivingfor any distance :at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going :slower than you actually are. e Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are Before Leaving on a LongTrip e all windows clean inside and outside? Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape? , I . 1. 1 ~ ,. : ; : .++>$.$i! , Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels? e Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean? :Make sure you're ready.Try to bewell rested. If you rmust start when you're not fresh-- such as after a day's e Tires: They are vitally important to a safe, that part ,work -- don't plan to make too many miles first trouble-fiee trip. Is the tread good enoughfor .of the journey. Wear Comfortable clothing and shoes you long-distance driving? Arethe tires all inflated to the can easily drivein. recommended pressure? 1s your vehicle readyfor a long trip?If you keepit e Weather Forecasts:What's the weather outlook ;serviced and maintained,it's ready to go. Ifit needs trip a short along your route? Should you delay your ;service, haveit done before starting out. Of course, time to avoid a major storm system? :you'll find experienced and able service experts in e Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps? :Buick dealersall across North America.They'll be ready and willing to help if you need it. Highway Hypnosis Hill and Mountain Roads Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Oris it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or whatever. There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road, the droneof the engine, and the rushof the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’tit let happen to you! If it does, your vehicle canleave the road in less than a second, and you could crash and be injured. What can youdo about highway hypnosis? First, be aware thatit can happen. Then here are some tips: Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, witha comfortably cool interior. Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving inflat or rolling terrain. Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and,your If you drive regularly in steep country, iforyou’re planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make instruments frequently. your trips safer and more enjoyable. If you get sleepy, pull off the roadinto a rest, service, Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or levels and alsothe brakes, tires, cooling system and both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as transmission. These parts can work hard on an emergency. mountain roads. 4-21 Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know isthis: let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steepor long hill. 4-22 0 Know how to go uphill.You may want to shift down to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine and transmission, and you can climb the hil1 better. 0 Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wideor c1u t across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane. 0 As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident. 0 You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area, or winding roads. Bealert to these and take appropriate action. . . ^ . . I Winter Driving ,. Here are some tipsfor winter driving: Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure your engine coolantmix is correct. You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin your vehicle. I , . Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply. of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles.And, if you will be driving under severe conditions, includesmall a bag of sand, a pieceof old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction.Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle. 4-23 least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about freezing(32” F; 0” C) and freezing rain begins to Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand road probably have good traction. crews can get there. However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently. lot less tractionor “grip” andwill need to be very careful. Try notto break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under’thetires even more. Driving onSnow or Ice Your anti-lock brakes improveyour ability tomake.a hard stop on a slippery road. Even though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than you would on-dry pavement. See “Anti-Lock‘’ in the Index. What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it may offerthe 0 Allow greater following distance on any slippery road. 0 Watch for slippery spots. The road might befine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road,ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass m remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patchof ice aheadof you, brakebefore you are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers. If You’re Caught in a Blizzard cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothingor wrap a .blanket around you.. If you have no blankits or extra clothing, makebody insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,floor mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm. I. L.. You can run the engineto keep warm, butbe careful. If you are stoppedby heavy snow, you could be ina serious situation.You should probably stay with your vehicle unless youknow for sure that you are ne& help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some thmgs to do tos u m o n help and keep yourself and your a red passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie 4-25 Run your engineonly as longas you must. This saves fuel. Whenyou run the engine, makeit go alittle faster than just idle. Thatis, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged.You will need a well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling lateron with your headlamps. Let the heater runfor awhile. Then, shutthe engine off and closethe window almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeatthis only when youfeel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm,you can get out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour orso until help comes. 4-26 Loading Your Vehicle @I TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION OCCUPANTS VEHICLE CAP. WT. FRT. CTR. RR. TOTAL LBS. KG \ MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP DATE GVWR GAWR FRT GAWR RR MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE CAPACITY WEIGHT XXX COLD TIRE TIRE SIZE PRESSURE SPEED RTG PSIKPa FRT. RR. SPA. IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa SEE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATiON THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE. I Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Information label found onthe rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for the tires on your vehicle.It also gives you important information aboutthe number of people that can be in your vehicle andthe total weight that you can carry. This weightis called the Vehicle Capacity Weight and includesthe weight of all occupants, cargo, and all options not installedin the factory. . The other label is the Certification label, found on the rear edgeof the driver’s door.It tells you the gross weight capacityof your vehicle, calledthe GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includesthe weight of the vehicle,all occupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceedthe GVWR for your vehicle,or the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or rear axle. 4-27 If You Do Decide To Pull A nailer 0 If you do, here are some important points. 0 There are many different laws, including speedlimit: restrictions, having todo with trailering. Make sure your rig will belegal, not only where you live but also where you’ll be driving. A good sourcefor this information can bestate or provincial police. 0 You should always use a weight distributing (equalizing) hitchif your trailer will weigh more than 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg). Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer will weigh 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg)or more. . . 0 Then, duringthe first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and don’t make starts atfull throttle. This helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle wearin at the heavier loads. 0 Obey speedlimit restrictions when towing a trailer. Don’t drive faster thanthe maximum posted speed for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h)) to save wear on your vehicle’s parts. Avoid continuous operation in mountainous areas that have grades greater than2% for longer than5 miles. 0 Change axle lubricant annually or every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) of trailer towing, whichever occursfirst. You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls. 0 Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 pounds (454 kg) should be equipped with trailer brakes. 0 Surge brakes may be used on some trailers ( e g boat trailers). However, surge brakes do not work well with most sway control devices. Do not use sway control devices on trailers equipped with surge brakes. Don’t tow a trailerat all during thefirst 1,000 miles (1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your eng >. axle or other parts could be damaged. 4-31 Three important considerations. have tri do‘with weight: Weight of the Trailer Tongue Weight of the Trailer The tongue load(A) of any traileris an important weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity weight of your vehicle.The capacity weight includes the curb weightof the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your Vehicle” inthe Indexfor more information about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity. How heavy can a trailer safely be? It should never weigh more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg), unless you have the optional 5,000 pound (2 250 kg) trailer towing package. But even that be cantoo heavy. I i I It also depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example,speed,altitude,roadgrades,outside temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any special equipment that you havk on your vehicle. You can askyour dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you can write us at: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI48550. In Canada, writeto: 1 GeneralMotors of CanadaLimited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7. A B If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh10%of the total loaded trailer weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing,’ hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the total loaded trailer weight (B). After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue, separately,to see if the weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right simply by moving some items around in the trailer. Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires and sway controlof the proper size. This equipment is very importantfor proper vehicle loading and good handling when you’re driving. Will you have to make any holesin the body of your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do, then be sureto seal the holes later when you remove the hitch.If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO)from your exhaust can get into your vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt and water can, too. @ The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated td the hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other recommended pressure for cold tires. You’llfiid these bumper-type bitches to them. Use onlya numbers on the Certification label at the rear edge of the frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the bumper. driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index. Then be sure you don’t go over GVW the limit for your Using A Dead Weight Trailer Hitch vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue. (Recommended for loaded trailers weighing less than 3,000 lbs.) Hitches The trailertongueshouldweigh 10%of thetotal It’simportant to have the correcthitchequipment. Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are a trailer load (maximum 300 lbs.) or as specified by the trailer manufacturer to minimize sway. few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Hereare Trailers weigh than more that 1,000 pounds (454 kg) some rubs follow: to @ If you’llbepullingatrailerthat, whe.n loaded,willshouldbeequippedwithtrailerbrakes. weigh more than2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sureto Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer use a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch will weigh 3,000 pounds (1 362 kg) or more. nailer Hitching Procedure UsingA Weight Distributing (Equalizing) Hitch Attach the trailerto the vehicle. The trailer tongue should weigh 12%of the total loaded trailer weight. (Recommended for loaded trailers weighing3,000 lbs. to 7,000 Level the vehicle with the load leveling spring bars Leave the fuse out while towing your trailer. Using a weight distributing hitch without disabling the Electronic Level Control (ELC) system may defeat the Once you have completed towing your trailer, be sure to purpose of the weight distributing hitch. Also, your rear reinstall the Electronic Level Control (ELC) fuse. tires may become overloaded.A weight distributing In Addition hitch should spread the load to all axles. If you use a weight distributing hitch, always disable the ELC by 0 Use two friction sway controls if your traileris over following,theproper steps. 5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg) loaded weight, and/oris over 24 ft. (7.3 m) long. Your vehicle is equipped with an Electronic Level Control (ELC) feature. When hooking up a trailer using Use at least one fi-iction sway control if your trailer is a weight distributing hitch, always use the following over 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) loaded weight, and consider procedure: using one for trailers under 2,000 lbs. (900 kg.) 0 Place the vehicle on a level surface without the 0 Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 pounds (454 kg) off, and all doors trailer hitched. With the ignition should be equipped with trailer brakes. closed, allow the vehicle to level automatically. Surge brakes work with most weight distributing 0 Disable the Electronic Level Control (ELC) by hitches as long as all the equipment is properly pulling the LEVEL CTRL fuse'#9 (30 AMP) from installed. Check withthe hitch manufacturerfor the underhood electrical center located on the advice and installation instructions. passenger side wheel housing in the engine If a trailer is over 5,000 lbs. (2 270 kg), adjust the compartment. Remove the coverto gain access. vehicle rear tire pressure to 35 psi (240kPa) (cold tire pressure). * 4-34 ; . . . - . . . Safety Chains Trailer Wiring Harness You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer. Crossthe safety chains under the tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will notdrop to the road if it becomes separatedfrom the hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the hitch . manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendationfor attaching safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always leave just enough slackso you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground. The trailer towing package includesfive a wire harness found in the rear compartment of your vehicle. You can go to a recreational vehicle facility to have it installed. Trailer Brakes If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg) loaded, then it needs its own brakes-- and they must be adequate. Be sureto read and follow the instructions for the trailer brakesso you’ll beable to install, adjust and maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake system. If youdo, both brake systems won’t work well, or at all. Driving witha Trailer Towing atrailer requires a certain amount of experience. Before settingout for the open road, you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of handling and braking withthe added weightof the trailer. And always keepin mind thatthe vehicle you are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as responsive as your vehicle is by itself. Before you start, checkthe trailer hitch and platform (and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector, lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric brakes,start your vehicle and trailer moving and then apply the trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure the brakes are working. Thislets you check your electrical connection at the same time. During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes are still working. Fonowing Distance Stay at least twice asfar behind the vehicle ahead as you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking and sudden turns. Passing Making 'hms NOTICE: Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering. You'll need more passing distance up ahead when you're towing a trailer. And, because you're a good deal longer, you'll need to go much farther beyondthe When you're turning with a trailer, make wider turns passed vehicle before you can return to your lane. than normal. Do this so your trailer won't strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects. Backing Up Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers.Signal well in Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand. advance. Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer the to right, move your hand tothe right. Alwaysback up slowly and,if possible, have someone guide you. Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a different turn signalflasher and extra wiring.The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,change lanes or stop. If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than 2,000 pounds (900 kg), you should drive inTHIRD (3) instead of OVERDRIVE or, as you need to, a lower gear. This will help your transmission. (a) Parking onHills You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill.If something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. Peoplecan be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged. When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your instrument panel willflash for turns even ifthe bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you maythink drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s how to doit: important tocheck occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still working. 1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into PARK (P) yet. Driving On Grades Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a longor steep downgrade.If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your brakes so much that they would get hot and no longer work well. On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your speed to around45 mph (70 km/h) to reducethe possibility of engine and transmission overheating. 2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels. 3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes untilthe chocks absorbthe load. 4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking brake, and then shift toPARK (P). 5. Release the regular brakes. 4-37 When You Are Readyto Leave After Parking ona Hill 1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you: 0 Start your engine; Shift into a gear; and Release the parking brake. 2. Let up on the brake pedal. 3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks. 4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks. - Engine Cooling When Trailering Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during severe operating conditions such as: Climbing grades steeper than 4% at temperatures above 90" F (32" C) with a loaded vehicle and trailer. 0 I 0 Stopping after high-speed driving. Idling for long periods instop and go traffic. 4-38 If the TEMP warning light comes on, pull to the of side the road as soon as it is safe to do so. When the vehicle is ata complete stop, shift the transmission selector to PARK (P) and allowthe engine toidle. If your Electronic Climate Control system ison, shut it off. Do not turn off the engine or increase engine speed above a normal idle. Within two or three minutes, the system should cool sufficiently, and you can turn on the Electronic Climate Control. At that time, resume driving at a reduced speed. Return to normal driving after 10 minutes if theTEMP warning light is not displayed. Maintenance When Trailer Towing Your vehicle will need service more often when you're pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more on this. Things that are especially important in trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid (don't overfill), engine oil,axle lubricant, belts, cooling system, and brake adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly. If you're trailering, it's a good idea to review these sections before you start your trip. Check periodically tosee that all hitch nutsand bolts are tight. Section 5 Problems on the Road Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occuron the road. Hazard Warning Flashers Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They also let police know you have a problem. Yourfront and rear turn signal lamps willflash on ando€f. Press the buttonin to make your front and rear turn signal lamps flash on and Off. Your hazard warningflashers work no matter what position your keyis in, and even ifthe key isn’tin. 5-1 To Jump Start Your h i c k 1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative ground system. NOTICE: If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged. 2. Get the vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables can reach, but be surethe vehicles aren’t touching each other.If they are, it could cause a ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to start your Buick, andthe bad grounding could damage the electrical Systems. 3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed, and radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it could save your radio! NOTICE: If you leave your radio on, it could be badly damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. 4. Open the hoqds and locatethe batteries. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) t e k n a l s on each battery. 5-3 5. 11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. 9. If it won’t start aftera few tries, it probably needs service. 12. Remove the cables in reverse orderto prevent electrical shorting. Takecare that they don’t touch each other or any other metal. Follow this order. GOOD BAlTERY DEAD BAlTERY 10. Now start the vehiclewith the good battery and run the enginefor a while. 5-6 ng,do Towing Your Vehicle Trytohavea GM dealeroraprofessionaltowinglamps,, service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift(B) or car carrier (C) tow you Before truck. If your vehicle been has changed or modified since it was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog aero skirting,orspecialtiresandwheels,these kaimctions and ui&-ationsmay not be correct. flashers. turn onwarning the hazard When you call, tell the towing service: That your vehicle has rear-wheel drive. The make, model, and year of your vehicle. Whether you canstill move the shift lever. If there was an accident, what was damaged. When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator know that this manual contains detailed towing instructions and illustrations.The operator may want to see them. 5-7 When your vehicleis being towed, havethe ignition key off. The steering wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a clamping device designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s steering column 1ock.forthis. The transmission should be in NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released. Don’t have your vehicle towed on the rear wheels, unless you must.If the vehicle mustbe towed on the rear wheels, don’tgo more~than35 mph (55 km/h) or farther than50 miles (80 km)or your transmission will be damaged.If these limits must be exceeded, thenthe rear wheels haveto be supported on a dolly. 5-9 Rear Towing Hookups Attach T-hook chains to slots in theframe rails just ahead of the rear wheelson both sides. No 4 x 4 beam is needed. Positionthe lower sling crossbar directly underthe rear fascia. Attach a separate safety chain to each side of the axle inboard of the spring. Engine Overheating You will find a coolant temperature gage and the warning light about a hotengine on your instrument panel. You will also find a low coolant warning light on your instrument panel. If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine . NOTICE: If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be covered by your warranty. If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine If you get the overheat warning but see or hear no steam, the'problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine canget a little too hot when you: Climb a long hill on a hot day. Stop after high speed driving. Idle for long periods in traffic. Tow a trailer. If you getthe overheat waming withno sim of stem, try thisfor a minuteor so: 1. Turn you1 off conditioner. air ~ 1 , ’ $ . , * : 2. Turn ,on your heater tofull hot at the highestfan speed and open the window as nei=essasy. 3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift to NEUTRAL (N); othertvise, shiftto the highest gear while driving -AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@)br THIRD (3). E you no longer have the overheat warning, you can drive. Just to be safe,drive slower for about ten minutes. If the waniing doesn’t come backon, you can chve normally. If the warning continues, pull over, stop, andpark your vehicle right away. If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine for two or three minutes whiie you’re parked, see to if the warning stops.But then, if you still havethe warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyoneout of the vehicEe until it coois down. You may decide not tolift the hood but to get service help right away. When you decide it’s safe lift to the hood, here’s what you’ll see: 1. CoolantSurgeTankwithPressureCap ’. ,<. .F. 2. Electric Engine Fan(s) . . . . . .. . , - , ’ - , . ’ ' i How to Add Coolant tothe Coolant Surge Tank If you haven’tfound a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at FULL COLD, adda 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at the coolant surgetank,but be s u e the cooling system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it. (See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor more information aboutthe proper coolant mix.) 5-14 I NOTICE: , .In.:cpld weather, Hater can freeze, and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. So use the recommended coolant. 5-15 1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap when the cooling system, inclufing the coolant surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose; is no longer hot.Turn &e pressure cap slowly about one-quarter turn to the leftand then stop. If you heara hiss, wait for that to stop.A hiss means there is still some pressure left. 5-16 1. Then keep tuming the pressure cap slowly, and remove it. 3. Then fill the coolant surgetank with the propermix, up.to FULL COLD. .,,. 4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,start the engine andlet itrun until youcan feel the upper radiator hose gettinghot. Watch out for the engine fans. By this time, the co-olantlevel inside the coolant surge tank maybe lower. If the levelis lower, add more of the proper mix to the coolant surge tank until the level reaches FULL COLD. Then replacethe pressure cap. Be sure the pressure capis tight. Now you are readyto start using the jack and wheel wrench to raise your vehicle. 5-22 Attach the wheel wrench to the bolt at the end of the jack. . . Rotate the wheel wrench clockwise to slightly raise the lift head. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts. Don’t remove them yet. Position the jack under the vehicle, near theflat tire. There are two holes inthe frame near each of the wheels. Raise thejack so the jack head fits into the large circular hole. 5-23 NOTICE: Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly or may allow positioned will damage the vehicle the vehicle to fan off the jack. Be sure fit to the jack lift head mto the proper location before raising your vehicle. Raise the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so there is enough room for the spare tire to fit. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire. Replace the wheel nutswith the rounded endof the nuts toward the wheel. I Tighten each nutby hand : Remove a y rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare wheel. Place the spare an the wheel mounting surface. . 3 . . '! Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench counterclockwise. Lowerthe jack completely. Don’t tryto put a wheel coveron your compact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel coverin the.trunk or rear area until you have the flat tire repairedor replaced. NOTICE: Wheel covers won’tfit on your compact spare.’ If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare, you could damage the cover or the hpare. On the sedan, replace thejack, flat tire, and wheel wrench and tighten the wing nut on the screw. 1. Wing Nut 2. Wrench P 3. Compact Spare 4. Full-Size Spare P 5. Jack Cover (If Provided) 6. Jack 7. Screw (Hold-down) 8. Floor Bracket 5-27 Pillar Trim Panel 2. Flwr Ch.anhel . 1. 3. Cover 4. clip 5 . Disc 6. Wing Nut 7. Bolt 8. Wing Bolt 9. Wrepch 10. Jack 11. Lift Strap Compact Spare Tire (If So Equipped) Although the compact spare was fully inflated when your vehicle wasnew, it can lose air after a time. Check the inflationpressuTe regularly.It should beBO psi (420 Wa). After installingthe compact spare on your vehicle, you shouldstop as soon as possible and make sure your spare tire is correctly inflated.The compact spare is made to perform well at posted speed limits for distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as youYour can. spare will last longer and in begood shape in case you need it again. Your anti-lock brake system warning light may come on when you are driving with a compact spare. See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” the in Index. NOTICE: Don’t take your compact spare througn an automatic carwash with guiderails. The compact sparecan get caught on therails. That can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe other parts of your vehicle. Don’t use your compact spare on some other vehicle. And don’tmix your compact spare or wheel with other wheels or tires. They won’tfit. Keep your spare andits wheel together. NOTICE: Tire chainswon’t fit your compact spare.Using them win damage yourvehicle and destroy the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your compact spare. If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud, Ice or NOTICE: Snow What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must use caution. Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as wen as the tires.If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your transmission back and forth, you can destroy your transmission. For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see “Tire Chains’’in the Index. Rocking your vehimclme to get it out: First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheelsas little as possible. Releasethe accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out.If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle’’in the Index. NOTES I 5-32 Section 6 Service and Appearance Care I i I Here you will find information aboutthe care of your Buick. This section begins with service and fuel infomation, apd thenit shows how tocheck important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical infomation about your vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care. Service Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to be happy withit. We hope you’llgo to your dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM partsand GM-trained and supportedservice people. We hope you’ll wantto keep your GM vehicle all GM. Genuine GM parts haveone of these marks: Delco 6-1 Doing Your Own Service Work If you want todo someof your own service work, you’ll want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you much more about how to service your Buick than this manual can.To order the proper service manual, see “Service Publications’’in the Index. Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to do your own service work,see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index. You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and thedate of any ‘service work you perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Iridex. I NOTICE: If you try to do your own service work without knowing enough about it, your vehicle could be danihged. 6-2 Fuel Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher. It should meet specificationsA-STM D4814,h the United States and CGSB3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels should havethe proper additives,so you should not have to add anything to the fuel. In the UnitedStates and Canada, it’seasy to be sureyou get the right kindof gasoline (udeaded). You’ll see UNLEADED right on the pump. And only unleaded nozzles willfit into your vehicle’s filler neck. Be sure the posted octaneis at least 87. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine. If you’re usingfuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you still hear heavy knocking, yourengine needs service. But don’tworry if you hear alittle pinging noise when you’re acceleratingor driving up a hill. That’s normal, and you don’t haveto buy a higher octanefuel to getrid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means you have a problem. What about gasoline with blending materials that contain oxygen (oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol? AfZBE is “methyl tertiary-butylether.” Fuel that is no more than 15%W B E is fine for your vehicle. Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blendeg fuel that is no Tore than 10% ethanol is fine for yoqr vehicle. Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol. I NOTICE: Fuel that is more than5% methanol is bad for your vehicle. Don’t use it.It can corrode metql parts in your fuel system and also damaiF plastic and’rubber parts. That damage woyldn’fpe covered under your warranty. And even 5% at or less, there must be “cosolvents’’ and corrosion ireventers in this fuel to help avoid these problems. I ', j I ! Gasolines for Cleaner Air Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will help prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel system. That helps keep your engine in tune and your emission control system *working properly. It's good for your vehicle, andyou'll be doing your partfor cleaner air. Fuels in Foreign Countries If you plan on driving in another country outside the U.S. or Canada, unleadedfuel may be hardto find. Do not use leaded gasoline.If you use even one tankful, your emission controls won't work well or at all. With continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust system can corrode, and your engine oil can deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle's oxygen sensor will be damaged. Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates. General Motors recommends that you use gasolines withAll of that means costly repairs that wouldn't be covered these blending matei-ials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By by your warranty. doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide contact a majoroil company that does businessin the levels. country where you'll be driving. In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing You can also write us the at following addressfor reformulated gasolines. These gasolines are specially advice. Just tell us whereyou're going and give your designed to reducevehide emissions. General Motors Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation, doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those North American Export Sales (NAES) parts of the country that have high ozone levels. 1908 Colonel Sam Drive You sh.ould ask yourservice station operatorsif their Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7 gasolines contain deposit control additives and oxygenates, andif they have been reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions. The wagon gas capis behind a hinged dooron the driver’s sideof your vehicle. To take off the cap,turn it slowly to theleft (counterclockwise). Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from painted surfacesas soon as possible.See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick”in the Index. When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until you hear at least three clicks. NOTICE: If you need a new cap, sure be to get the right If you get type. Your dealer can get one for you. the wrong type, it may not fit or have proper venting, and your fueltank and emissions system might be damaged. Check'rgThings Under the Hood Lift the hood. To open the hood,first puu a&~ h & n d l e ~ ~ $ f &.,:! , ~ ~ & - j ~ vehicle. It is located on the lower left side of the instrument panel, nextto the paking brake. 8 , . I . : I Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Thenjust pull the hood down and close it firrnly. Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the secondary hood release. 6-7 To Check Engine Oil When to Add Oil Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel or cloth, thenpush it back in all the way..Remove .it..again5, keeping the tip down, and check the level. If the oil is at or belowthe ADD line, then you’ll need to add some oil. But y6u must usethe tight kind. This part explains whatkind of oil to use. For crarikcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”in the Index. NOTICE: Don’t add too much oil. If your engine hasso much oil that theoil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating range, your engine.could be damage& Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range.Push the dipstickall the way back in when you’re through. 6-9 What Kind of Oil to Use Oils of the proper qualityfor your vehicle can be identified by lookingfor the “Starburst” symbol.The “Starburst” symbol indicates thatthe oil has been ceqified by the American Petroleum Institute(API), and is preferred for use in your gasoline engine. I FOR ‘ If you change your own oil, be sure you use oil that has the “Starburst” symbol on the front of the oil container. RECOMMENDEO SAL VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST SAE UlSCOSlTY GRADE OIL ‘MRTHE EXPECm TEMPERATURE RANGE. /QF+80- You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your vehicle, as shown in the following chart: - +27 +60- - + 1 6 -+b +20---7 0 If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put into your engineis American Petroleum Institute certified for gasoline engines. .c‘ +loo- - t38 +40- 1 LOOK FOR THIS SYMBOL HOT WEATHER - --18 I - ,w/J COLD WEATHER SM 1W-30 IF NEITHER S M JW-30 NOR SAE low-30 GRADE OILS ARE AVAILABLE, SAE 30 GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C). DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECQMMENDED I As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your vehicle. However, youcan use S A E 1OW-30 if it’s going to be0” F (- 18 C) or above. These numbers on anoil container showits viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils,such as S A E 20W-50. O NOTIC&: When to Change Engine Oil See if any one of these is true for you: 0 Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing. 0 Most trips include extensive idling (spch as frequent driving in stop and go traffic). 1 . Use only engineoil with the American Petroleum Most tripsare through dusty areas. Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the proper oil 0 You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier onoftop can result in engine damage not covered by your your vehicle. warranty. If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you need to change youroil and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first. GM Goodwrench’ oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil) If none ofthem is true, change theoil and filter every meets all the requirementsfor your vehicle. 7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months -- whichever Engine Oil Additives comes first. Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Buick dealeris See “Change Oil Indicator” in the Index for more ready to adviseif you think something should be added. information on when to change the oil. ;“ 6-11 Engine Coolant Heater Air Cleaner An engine coolant heatercan be a big help you if have to park outside in very cold weather, 0” F (- 18’ C) or colder. If your vehicle has this option, see “Engine Coolant Heater”in the Index. What to Do with UsedOil Did you know that used engine oil contains certain elements that maybe unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer? Don’tlet used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See the manufacturer’s warnings aboutthe use and disposal of oil products.) Used oil can be real a threat to the environment. If you change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from thefilter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouringit on the ground, into sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead, recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center for help. 6-12 The air cleaneris located on the driver’s side of the engine compartment.Td check or replace the filter, unscrew the wing nuts and pull the air cleaner open. Replace the air filter, close the cover and replace the wing nuts, making surethe tabs are properly positioned. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to replace the air filter. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index. i Wait atleast 30 minutes before checking the transmission fluid level if you have been driving: When outside temperatures are above90" F (32" C). At high speed for quite a while. more with the engine off and is used only as a reference. Let the engine run at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are50" F (10" C) or more. If it's colder than 50" F (10 " C), you may have toidle the engine longer. Should the fluid level be low during a cold check, youmust perform a hot check before adding fluid. This will give youa more accurate readingof the fluid level. In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather. 0 While pulling a trailer. To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal To check the fluid hot or cold operating temperature, which is180" F to 200" F 0 Park your vehicleon a level place. Keep the engine (82" C to 93" C). running. To check transmission fluid hot:Get the vehicle 0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever warmed up by driving about15 miles (24 km)when in PARK (P). outside temperatures are above50" F ( 10" C). If it's colder than50" F (10" C), drive the vehicle in 0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage moves lever through each gear range, pausing for about and then remains steadyfor ten minutes. Then follow three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift the hot check procedures. lever inPARK (P). To check transmission fluid cold:A cold checkis 0 Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more. made after the vehicle has been sitting for eight hours or 6-14 Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps: r 1. Flip the handle up and then pullout the dipstick and wipeit with a clean rag or paper towel. L 2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and then pull it back out again. 3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and read the lower level. The fluidlevel must be in the COLD areafor a cold checkor in the HOT areaor cross-hatched area for a hot check. 4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick backin all the way; thenflip the handle down to lock the dipstickin place. 6-15 1 1 How to Add Fluid Rear Axle Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” inthe Index. When to Check and Change Lubricant Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid HOT. (A COLD check is used only as a reference.) If the fluid levelis low, add only enoughof the proper fluid to bringthe level up to theHOT area for a hot check, It doesn’t take muchfluid, generally less than a pint. Don’t ovefill. We recommend you use only fluid labeled DEXR0N’-111, because fluid with that label is made especially for your automatic transmission. Damage caused byfluid other than DEXRON@-I11 is notcoveredbyyournewvehiclewarranty. After adding fluid, recheck the fluidlevel as described under “How to Check.’’ 0 When the correct fluid levelis obtained, push the dipstick back inall the way; thenflip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the lubricant and when to changeSee it. “Periodic Maintenance Inspections”in the Index. How to Check Lubricant If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole, you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise the levelto the bottomof the filler plug hole. What to Use Standard Differential Use Axle Lubricant (GMPart No. 1052271) or SAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. Limited-Slip Differential To addlubricant when the level is low, use Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) orSAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. To completely refill after draining, 4add ounces (118 ml) of Limited-Slip Differential Lubricant Additive (GM Part No. 1052358). Then fill to the bottom of the filler plug hole with Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) or SAE SOW-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. I- I Engine CooIant The following explains yo& cooling system and how to add coolant whenit is low. If youhave a problem with engine overheating,see “Engine Overheating”in the Index. The proper coolafitfor your Buick will: Give freezing protection down to-340 F (-37” C). Give boiling protection up to 262’” F (128 C). O Protect against rust and corrosion. 0 Help keep the proper engine temperature. 0 Let the warning lights work as they should. What to Use Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets “GM Specification 1825-M,” which won’t damage aluminum parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to GM Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush and refill. Use GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer) with any complete coolantflush and refill.If you use this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else. NOTICE: If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine could overheat and be badly damaged. The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Too much waterin the mix can freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. 6-17 If this light comes on, it means you’re low on coolant. See “Low Coolant Light’’ in the Index. LOW COOLANT LEVEL Surge Tank Pressure Cap NOTICE: Your surge tang cap is 15 a psi (105 Wa) pressure-type tap and must be tightly installed to prevent toolad loss and possible engine damage from overhdatiag. J To Add Coolant If you need more coolant, addthe proper mix at the surge tank, but only whenthe engine is cool. When you replace your surge tank pressure cap, a GM cap is recommended. Thermostat Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat in the engine coblant system.The thermostat stops the flow of coolant throughthe radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature. When you replace your thermostat, an AC@ thermostat is recommended. When replacingthe pressure cap, make sure it is tight. 6-19 Power Steering Fluid How To Check Power SteeringFluid When the engine compartmentis cool, unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick. When the engine compartment is hot, the level should be at theH mark. When the engine compartmentis cool, the level should be atthe C mark. A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and repaired. What to Add The power steering cap is to the left of the engine fan when you are facing the engine. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. I When NOTICE: adding power steering quid or making a complete fluid change, always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper fluid ean cause leaks and damage hoses and seals. 6-20 Brakes Brake Master Cylinder Your brake master cylinderis here. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid. There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in your master cylinder mightgo down. Thefirst is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back up. The other reasonis that fluid is leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you should have your brake system fixed, since leak a means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a goodidea to “top off’ your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid when younew get brake linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when workis done on the brake hydraulic system. Refer tothe Maintenance Schedule to determine when to check your brakefluid. See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections’’ in the Index. Brake Wear I Continatng to drive with worn-out brake pads could resuit in costly brake repair. 6-24 Halogen BuIbs 2. Remove the screw from the bracket. 3. Remove the lamp Assembly by pulling forward. Parkin-rn Sighal bnd Cornering Lamp BuIb Replacement 4. Remove the electricalconnectors fkom thelatnp assembly For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index. 5 . Remove the bulb from the electrical connectofs. 1. Open the hood. FRONT / CORNERING 6. Reverse the stepswith a new bulb. Taillamp Bulb Replacement (Sedan) For the proper typeof replacement bulb, see “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index. 1. Open the trunk. I 2. 3 4. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb by lifting the lock tab and pullingit away from the plastic base. Remove the nut from the trunk trim assembly. 3. Pull the taillamp assembly away from the body. 5. To reinstall the headlamp bulb assembly, attach the 4. Disconnect the electrical connectors from the electrical connector to the plastic base -- making taillamp assembly. sure the lock tab is over the lock. Put the small tab 5. Remove the bulb. into the small notchin the lamp. Putthe retainer on and turnit slightly counterclockwiseto lock it into 6. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. place. 6-28 Taillamp Bulb Replacement (Wagon) 4.. .Ftomoutside the vehicle, carefully pull the taillamp assembly awayfrom the body. For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see “Replacement Bulbs” inthe Index. I I 1. Remove the two Phillips@head screws. 2. For the passenger’s side taillamp,remove the housing that coversthe spare tire. For the driver’s side taillamp, remove the trim panel. 3. Unscrew the wing nut. 5. Press the bulb housing release lever and turn the housing a quarter-turn counterclockwise to remove it. 6. To remove the bulb, push it in and rotateit counterclockwise. 7. Reverse allthe steps to reassemble the taillamp housing. Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Replacement (Sedan) Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Replacement (Wagon) For the proper typeof replacement bulb,see “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index. For the proper typeof replacement bulb, see “Replacement Bulbs”in the Index. 1. Open the tailgate window. 2. Remove the two screws. 1. Open the trunk. 2. Unclip the stoplamp coverfrom the rear windowand stoplamp assembly. 3. Remove the bulb. 4. Reverse the steps with anew bulb. 3. Bring down the bulb assembly. For the proper type of replacement bulb,see “Replacement Bulbs” inthe Index. 1. Remove the screw and prythe housing from the mirror assembly. 2. Remove the socket from the housing. 4. Pull the bulb out of its retainer. 5. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. Front Reading Lamp Bulb Replacement The front reading lampsare part of the automatic rearview mirror, if your vehicle hasthis option. 3. 1 1 1the bulb from the socket. 4. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. I 6-31 Tires We don’t make tires.Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. These tires are warrantedby the tire manufacturers and their warranties are delivered with every new Buick. If your spare tire isa different brand than your road tires, you will have a tire warranty folder from each of these manufacturers. 6-32 Tire Inspection and Rotation Tires should be irispected every 6,000 to 8,000 miles (10 000 to 13 000 km)for any signsof unusual wear.If unusual wear is present,rotate your tires as soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check for dmaged tires or wheels.See “When it’s Timefor New Tires” and “Wheei Replacement” later in this section for more information. The purposeof regular rotation is to achieve more uniform wearfor all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled rotation interval& When rotating your tires, always use of onethe correct rotation pgtterns shown here. i 6-34 I J- @ I If your vehicle has a compact spare tire, don’t includeit in your tire rotation. Buying New Tires To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the Tire-Loading Information label. The tires installed on your vehicle whenit was new had a Tire Perfomiance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) number on each tire’s sidewall. When youget new tires, get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way, your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and other things during normal service on your vehicle. If yourtires have an all-season tread design, the TPC number will be followed by“MS” an (for mud and snow). If you ever replace your tires with those not having a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size, load range, speed rating and construction type (bias, bias-belted or radial)as your original tires. 6-36 Uniform Tire Quality Grading m e following information relatesto the system developed by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) - Treadwear Temperature A, B, C The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, atire graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 1/2) times as wellon the government courseas a tire graded 100. The relative performanceof tires depends upon the actual conditionsof their use, however, and may depart significantlyfrom the n o m due to variations in driving habits, service practices and differences in road characteristics and climate. Traction A, B, C The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levelsof performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law. The traction grades,from highest to lowest are:A, B, and C. They represent the tire’s ability stop to on wet pavement as measuredunder controlled conditionson specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction Warning: The temperature gradefor this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation,or excessive loading,either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure. - performance. Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning) traction. These grades are molded on the sidewalls of passenger car tires. 6-37 ~~ While the tires available as standard or optional equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with respect to these grades, all such tires meet General Motors performance standards and have been approved for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type (P Metric) tires must conformto Federal safety requirements in addition to these grades. Wheel Alignmentand Tire Balance ~~ Wheel Replacement Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your Buick dealerif any of these conditions exist. Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need. The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanc d carefully at the factory to give youthe longest tire lif and best overall performance. Each new wheel should have the same load carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted the same way as the one it replaces. In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pullingone way orthe other, the alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels may need to be rebalanced. If you needto replace anyof your wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your Buick model. t 6-38 Tire Chains NOTICE: Use tire chainsonly where legaland only when you must. Use only SAE Class ‘W’ type chains that are the proper size for your tires. Install as tightly them on the rear tires and tighten them as possible with the endssecurely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s chains instructions. If you can hear the contacting yourvehicle, stop and retighten them. If the contact continues, slow down untilit stops. Driving too fast or spinning thewheels with chains on will damage yourvehicle. Appearance Care Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. When you use anythingfrom a container to clean your Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions.And always open your doors or window,s when you’re cleaning the inside. Never use these to clean your vehicle: 0 Gasoline 0 Benzene Naphtha 0 CarbonTetrachloride 0 Acetone 0 PaintThinner 0 0 Twpentine LacquerThinner 0 Nail Polish Remover They can all be hazardous -- some more than others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too. 6-40 Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says you can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle: 0 Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area. If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire area immediately or it will set. Alcohol LaundrySoap 0 Bleach Using Foam-Qpe Cleaner on Fabric 0 ReducingAgents * Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines. Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinylor leather with a clean, damp cloth. Your Buick dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.Do not use them on vinyl or leather. 0 Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the directions onthe container label. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate the material. Always read the instructions on the cleaner label. Don’t rub it roughly. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge to remove the suds. Clean up stains as soon asyou can -- before they set. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge. Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area often. Asoft brush may be usedif stains are stubborn. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel or cloth. Here are some cleaning tips: 0 Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt. 0 Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat lamp. 6-41 Special Cleaning Problems Be careful.A blow dryer may scorch the fabric. Wipe with a clean cloth. Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric First, seeif you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Some spots and stains will clean off better withjust water and mild soap. If you need to use a solvent: Gently scrape excess soilfrom the trim material with a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths (preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside of the stain, "feathering" toward the center. Keep obanging to a Fleansection of the cloth. Greasy or Oily Stains Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can be removed as follows: Carefully scrape off excess stain. @ Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle seat fabric. They should be removed as soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to spread. Non-Greasy Stains Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft &inks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry be removed as follows: the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the ring. (SeetliG previous NOTICE.) soiled area with cop1 water. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions described earlier. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat thearea with a waterhaking soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 d)of baking sodato 1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm water. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner. Combination Stains Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknownstains can be removed as follows: Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with cool water and allow todry. If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type cleaner. Cleaning Vinyl Use warm water anda clean cloth. Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You may have todo it more than once. Cleaning Leather Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or saddle soap. 0 For stubbornstains, use a mild solutionof 10% isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and 90% water. 0 Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather. 0 Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into finish, it can harma e leather. Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield under certain conditions. Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stainif you don’t get themoff quickly. Usea clean cloth and a solvent-type vinyl cleaner. . - 6-43 Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick Finish Care of your Buick by The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth Occasional waxing or mild polishing hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint of color, gloss retention and durability. finish. You can getGM approved cleaning products Washing Your Vehicle from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.) The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean by washingit often with lukewarm or cold Your Buick has a“basecoatklearcoat” paint finish. The water. clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct raysof the sun. non-abrasive and madefor a basecoatklearcoat paint Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps. finish. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents NOTICE: should beflushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing on soft, clean chamois or 100% a cotton towelto avoid a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the surface scratches and water spotting. finish or leave swirl marks. High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your vehicle. Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys,etc. can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remainon painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soonas possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter. 1 6-45 Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather Tires and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner. new by keeping your Buick garaged or covered When applying a tire dressing always take care to wipe whenever possible. off any overspray or splash from painted surfaces. Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish. Aluminum Wheels(If So Equipped) Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar to the painted surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps, chemicals, chrome polish, abrasive cleaners or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax may be applied. NOTICE: If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an automatic car wash that has hard silicon carbide cleaning brushes. These brushes can take the protective coatingoff your aluminum wheels. I 6-46 Sheet Metal Damage If your vehicleis damaged and requires sheet metal repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop applies anti-corrosion material tothe parts repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection. Finish Damage Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly and may develop into a major repair expense. Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up materials available from your dealer or other service outlets. Larger areasof finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s body and paint shop. Underbody Maintenance Chemical Paint Spotting Chemicals usedfor ice and snow removaland dust control cancollect on the underbody. If these are not removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur the on underbody parts suchas fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection. Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into the paint surface. At least every spring,flush these materials from the underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud and other debriscan collect. Dirt packedin closed areas of the frame should be loosened before being flushed. Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system can do this for you. Although no defect inthe paint job causes this, Buick will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles(20 000 km)of purchase, whichever comes first. 6-47 Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials You can get thesefrom your GM Parts Department. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ PART NUMBER SIZE DESCRIPTION USAGE 12345343 Liquid GoodwrenchB 16 oz. (0.473L) 1052277 12 oz. (0.3543;) 1052863 1050172 1 02. (0.028kg) 16 02. (0.473L) Tar and Road Oil Remover 1050173 16 02. (0.473L) Chrome Cleanerand Polish Removes rust and corrosion 1050174 16 oz. (0.473L) White Sidewall Tire Cleaner Cleans white and black tires 321050214 1050244 231050427 6 1050429 polish Exterior Spray-A-Squeak Weatherstrips, Silicone Grease squeaks Stops Also removes old waxes, polishes Vinymeather Cleaner Spot and stain removal 16 02. (0.473L) Fabric Cleaner Spot and stain removal (0.680L) Glass Cleaner Also spot cleans vinyls 02. 02. (0.946L) lbs. (2.72kg) Multi-Purpose Powdered CIeaner Cleans vinyl and cloth, also, tires and mats For hood,trunk, door hinges and latches 1052349 12 oz. (0.340kg) Lubriplate (White Grease) 1051055 16 oz. (0.473L) Preservatone Vinyl top dressing Spot Lifter For cloth Windshield-washing system 61051398* * Not Wax 02. (0.237L) 1051515 32 02. (0.946L) Washer Solvent 1052870 16 oz. (0.473L) Wash-Wax (cone.) recommended for pigskin suede leather. See your General Motors Parts Departments for these products. See your Maintenance Schedule for other products. Exterior wash Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) trunk lid. It’s very helpful if you ever needto order parts. On this labelis: your VIN, the model designation, ENGINE CODE /dk -\ YEAR MODEL ASSEMBLY PLANT paint information, and 0 a list of all production options and special equipment. Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle. This isthe legal identifierfor your Buick.It appears on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the windshield from outside your vehicle.The VIN also appears onthe Vehicle Certification andService Parts labels and the certificates of title and registration. Engine Identification The eighth character in your VIN is thej engine code. This code will help you identify your engine, specifications, and replacemefit parts Add-on Electrical Equipment ~ NOTICE: Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick unless you check with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other components from working as they should. Service Parts Identification Label You’ll find this label on the rear comparimef& storagelid in the wagon. On the sedan, the label is located on the Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to add anything electricalto your Buick,see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index. 6-49 Fuses and Circuit Breakers The other ia in the enginecompamgnt. Open the cover on either of the boxes to exposethe fuses. The wiring circuitsin your vehicle are protected from short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers, and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical problems. There are two fuse blocksin your vehicle. Oneis at the end of the instrumept panel on the driver’s side. Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the band is broken or melted, replace the Be fuse. sure you replace a bad fuse.. - with a new one of the correct size and rating. Be sure to usethe correct fuse if you need to replace one. If youever have a problem on the road and don’t have a spare fuse, you can “borro~”one of the exactly the same value.Just pick some featureof your vehicle that you can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette lighter-- and useits fuse, if it is of the value you need. Replaceit as soon as you can. . The cover will pullright off, To put the cover back on make sure the tabs are inserted first. Headlamps Power Winbws and Other Power Options The headlamp wiringis-protectedby a circuit breaker in the lamp switch.An electrical overload will cause the lamps togo on andoff, or in some cases to remainoff. If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right away. Circuit bfialters in the fuse panel protectthe power windows and other power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit untilthe problem is fixed or goes away. Windshield Wipers Lumbar Power Seat Controls The windshield wiper motoris protected by a circuit breaker and afuse. If the motor overheatsdue to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor eools.If the overload is caused by some electrical problem and not snow, etc., besure to get it fixed. If you havethe lumbar controlsfor the power seat, there is a fuse under each seat wrappedin tape. Should your seat not work, this fuse should be checked. Y 6-51 k Fuse 12 FUSE USAGE CHART 13 31 32 EXTLPS I , 33 HORNS I 14 15 I FOR MORE INF( RMATION, SEE OWNE ?'S MANUAL PRINTED IN U.S.A 14 .'' SEOACSRV RR WIPER.WAG0N 17 18 Instrument Panel Fuse Block I F u s e l Usage 7 8 9 10 1 ' 1 6-52 I 20 Not Used Rear Window Wiper Radio Windshield WiperNasher Switch Rear Defog Relay, Inflatable Restraint Diagnostic Energy Reserve (with Sensor) Module, Headlamp Switch, I/P Cluster, Rear Defog Switch 21 22 24 26 Fuse 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 i Usage Auto Level Control Sensor, Rear Compartment Courtesy Lamp, MercurySwitch Cigar Lighter Remote Control Door Lock Receiver, Liftgate Wiper Latch Switch, Rear Glass Release Switch, Rear Compartment Lid Release Switch, Rear Glass Release Relay, Rear Compartment Release Relay Radio Headlamp Switch, Headlamp Auto Control Module, Daytime Running Lamps Control Module Horn Relay Warning Alarm, IP Compartment Lamp Switch, UP Compartment Lamp,UP Cluster, Heater and A/C Control Theft Deterrent Module Courtesy Lamp Relay, Front Door Lock Switches, Front Door Courtesy Lamps, Rear Door Courtesy Lamps, Outside Remote Control Rearview Mirror Switch, Inside Rearview Mirror, Sunshade Illuminated Mirrors,IP Door Lamps, Roof Rail Courtesy Lamps Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear Compartment Lid Pulldown Actuator Fuse 37 38 39 40 41 ~~ 42 43 44 45 circuit Usage Stoplamp Switch, Hazard Lamp Flasher Blower Motor Control Module Power Door Lock Relay Heated Seat Controls Turn Signal Switch, Sidemarker Lamps, T u M a r k Lamps Heater and A/C Control, Headlamp Switch, Instrument Cluster, Radio Opera Lamps, License Lamp, Marker Lamps, Inboard Taillamps, Outboard Tail/Turn Stoplamps, InboardTail/Turn Stoplamps Heated Power Mirrors Not Used Usage Breakep 1 Power Antenna Relay, Power Seats 2 Master Power Window Switch, Power Window Lockout Switch, Power Window Control Module 3 Driver’s and Passenger’s PowerSeat Switches, LH and RH Recline Switches,LH and RH Lumbar Switches 4 Rear Window Defog Switch, Rear Window Defog Relay 6-53 Fuse 4 A 6 4 Wgz-pq 5 I F E NC COMP I C AIR PUMP RELAY 1 B Underhood Electrical Center Usage Auto Level ControlAir Compressor Fuel Pump Relay, Fuel Pump Switch and Engine Oil Pressure Sensor, PCM Secondary Air Pump Relay, Underhood Lamp 6-54 Usage Mass Air Flow Sensor, Secondary Air Pump Relay, EGR Solenoid, Evaporative Emission Solenoid, Oxygen Sensors, Automatic Transmission PCM, Ignition Coil, Electronic Brake Control Module Fuel Injector Cylinders One, Four,Six, Seven Primary Cooling Fan,A/C Compressor Relay Generator, Secondary CoolingFan Fuel Injector CylindersTwo, Three, Five, Eight Relays A Primary Cooling Fan B Secondary Cooling Fan Air Pump C Fuel EPump F Air Conditioning Compressor I Replacement Bulbs Exterior Front Application Cornering ............................. 2057 9004 Headlamp ............................. Parrnurn .......................... 2057NA 194 Sidemarker ............................. 561 Underhood ............................. Exterior Rear Application Backup ............................... 2057 High-Mounted Stop Sedan .............................. 1141 577 Wagon .............................. License ................................ 168 Sidemarker(Wagon) ..................... 194 194 Tail(Sedan) ............................ 2057NA Tail/Stop/Turn ...................... Interior Application Number Ashtray ................................ 194 168 Courtesy ............................... 194 GloveBox ............................. 194 Instrumentpanel ........................ LuggageCompartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920 Reading ................................ 192 Rear Body Pillar Assist Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194 Number 192 RoofRailCourtesy ...................... 6-55 Numb Capacities and Specifications Engine Code P (LT1) V8 MFI (5.7L) Belt Tensions Automatically controlled by a self-tensioning idler pulley. Tension adjustments should never be necessary. Replacement Parts Air Cleaner ........................ AC 1096C Fuel’Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GF624K Oil Filter .............................. PF52 PCVValve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV895C Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . AC 906, (0.050 inch Gap) 6-56 Capacities (Approximate) Air Conditioning (R-134a) . . 1.75 pounds (0.97 kg) Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used. If you’re not sure, ask your Buick dealer. For additional information,see your “Warranty and Owner Assistance Information’’ booklet. Automatic Transmission Drain and Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 pints(4.7 L) Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.4 pints (1 0.6L) Cooling System Without Heavy Duty Radiator 14.3 quarts (13.5L) With Heavy Duty Radiator . , . 14.6 quarts (13.8L) Crankcase (with Filter) . . . . . . . . 5.0 quarts (4.7 L) Fuel Tank Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 gallons ( 87 L) Wagon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21gallons(79 L) Rear Axle Lubricant . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 pints (2.0 L) Estate Wagon Dimensions (Approximate) Overall Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218 inches (5 537 rnm) Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 inches (2 032mm) Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 0 inches (1 524 mm) Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 inches (2 946 mm) Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (1 575 mm) Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 inches (1 626 mrn) Interior Front Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 inches (1 067 mm) Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 inches (1 016 mm) Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches (1 600 mm) Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 inches (1 448 mm) Interior Rear Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 inches (965 mm) Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 inches (1 016 m) Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 64 inches (1 626 mm) Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 inches (1 448 mm) Cargo Capacity . . . . . . . . . . 92 cubic feet (2.8 m3) Passengers Front .................................... 3 Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...................... 3 Thirdseat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Base Curb Weight . . . . . .4,572 pounds (2 076 kg) 6-57 Roadmaster Sedan Dimensions (Approximate) OvePall Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 inches (5 486mrn) Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . 78 inches (1 981 mm) Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 inches (1 422 mm) Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 inches( 2 946 mm) Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (1575 mm) Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 inches (1 549mm) Interior Front Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 inches (1 067 mm) Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 inches (991 mm) Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches (1 600 mm) Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 inches (1 422 mm) 6-58 Interior gear Leg Room. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..40 inches (1 016 mm) HeadRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 inches (991mm) Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches (1 600 mm) Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 inches(1 600 mm) Cargo Capacity . . . . . . . . . . 21 cubic feet (0.6 in3) Passengers Front .................................... 3 Rear .................................. 3 Base Curb Weight . . . . . .4,191 pounds (1 903 kg) Section 7 Maintenance Schedule LI Introduction Your Vehicle and the Environment IMPORTANT: KEEP .ENGINE 011 AT TH,E PROPER LEVEL AND CHANGE AS RECOMMENDED Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the environment. All recommended maintenance procedures are important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the removal of important components can significantly affect the qualityof the air we breathe. Improper fluid This section coversthe maintenance requiredfor your levels or even the wrong tire inflation can increase the Buick. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety, dependabilitv and emission control performance. level of emissions from your vehicle.To help protect our environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good condition, please maintain your vehicle properly. 131' -I I protection Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your Buick dealerfor details. 7-1 How This Section is Organized The remainderof this section is divided intofive parts: “Tart A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows what to have done andhow often. Someof these services can be complex, so unless you are technically qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should let your dealer’sservice department or another qualified service centerdo these jobs. Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services Using Your Maintenance Schedule We at General Motors want help to you keep your vehicle in good working condition.But we don’t know exactly how you’lldrive it. You may drive very short distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances allthe time in veryhot, dusty weather. You may use your vehiclein making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, todo errands orin many other ways. The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All.parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs done before youor anyone else drives the vehicle. These schedules arefor vehicles that: a carry passengers and cargo within recommended limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index. a are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal driving limits. a use the recommended unleadedfuel. See “Fuel” in Because of all the different ways people use their GM the Index. vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find Selecting the Right Schedule in the schedules in this section. So please read this First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is section and note how you drive. If you have any right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which questions on how to keep your vehiclein good schedule to follow: condition, see your Buick dealer. This parttells you the maintenance services you should have done and when you should schedule them. If you go to your dealerfor your service needs, you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service people will perform the work using genuineGM parts. 7-3 Maintenance Schedule I Schedule I Definition ~~ Follow Maintenance Schedule I if any one of these is true for your vehicle: Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing. 0 Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in stop-and-go traffic). 0 ~ ’ + Most trips are through dusty areas. You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on topof your vehicle. Schedule I should also be followed the if vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi,or other commercial application. 7-4 Schedule I .Interval$ Every 3,000 Miles (5000 km) or 3 Months Engine Oil and Filter Change Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) or 6 months Chassis Lubrication At 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) Then Every 12,000 Miles (25000 km) Tire Rotation Every 7,500 Miles(12 500 km) Rear Axle Fluid Change (Vehicles Towing Trailers) At 7,500 Miles (12 500km) Rear AxleFluid Change (Limited-Slip Differential) Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km) Air Cleaner Filterhspection, if driving in dusty conditions Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining) Every 30,000 Miles (50000 km) Air Cleaner Filter Replacement Spark Plug Wire Inspection Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection (or every 24 months) Cooling System Service (or every 24 months) Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) Automatic Transmission Service (Severe Conditions) Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km) Spark Plug Replacement - ?i Maintenance Schedule 'I I MaintenanceSchedule I I 3,000 Miles (5000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, trarwnission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: _-i Maintenance Schedule . . I 1 I 9,000 Miles (15 000 km) 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) I7 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer or has Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* limitid-slip differential. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-8 BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE 1 ~~ MaintenanceSchedule I ~ I 12,000 Miles (20 000 km) 15,000 Miles (25 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact-points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving in dusty conditions.Replace filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service. Clean and repack the front wheel bearings (or ateach brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Change therear axle gear lubricantCf vehicle is used topull a trailer. ACTUAL MILEAGE I SERVICED BY: I DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY 7-9 I MaintenanceSchedule I .I 18,000 Miles (30 000 km) 21,000 Miles (35 000 km) 0Change engineail and filter (or ,every 0Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission ControlService.* 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Conttol Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. DATEACTUALMILEAGESERVICED 7-10 ” BY: F ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 1 MaintenanceSchedule I I 22,500 Miles (37 500 km) 24,000 Miles (40 000 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 0Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE I SERVICED BY: 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE 3ERVICED BY: 7-11 ~ I ~ - Maintenance Schedule I ~ ~~ 27,000 Miles (45 000 km) 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service? 7-12 3 months, whicheveroccurs first). An Emission ControlService.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 17 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant”in the Index for (Continued) I MaintenanceSchedule I I 30,000 Miles (50 000 knz) (Continued) what to use. Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, Inspect fuel tank,cap and lines for damage condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any test the cooling system and pressure cap. damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service. An EmisdonControl Service.? 0Clean and repack the fkont wheel bearings (or atRotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation each brake relining, whichever occurs first). pattern and additional information. 0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Service.? Replace air cleaner filter.Replace filter more often under dusty conditions. An Emission Control Service. DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: i I MaintenanceSchedule I I 37,500 Miles (62 500 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. I DATE I ACTUALMILEAGE 39,000 Miles (65 000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-15 Maintenance ScheduleI 42,000 Miles (70 000 km) 45,000 Miles (75 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service? Clean andrepack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving in dusty conditions.Replace filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service. 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. I DATE 7-16 -_ I ACTUALMILEAGE ISERVICED BY:I I I DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED I I BY: I MaintenanceSchedule I I 48,000 Miles (80 000 km) 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change automatic transmission fluid and 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). I I F ACTUAL MILEAGE filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or moreof these conditions: - In heavy city traffic wherethe outside temperature regularly reaches 90° F (32O C) or higher. - In hilly or mountainous terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. - uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. If you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing. I 1 SERVICED BY: DATE 1 ~ ACTUALMILEAGE ISERVICEDBY: 7-17 ! I I Maintenance Schedule I I 51,000 Miles (85 000 km) 52,500 Miles (87500 km) El Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service. * I DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 1 7-18 BY: I Maintenance Schedule I I 54,000 Miles (90 000 km) 57,000 Miles (95 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 17 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE 3 months, ,whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service.* SERVICED BY: DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE I SERVICED BY: I 7-19 Maintenance ScheduleI 60,000 Miles (100 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every I to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, 3 months, whichever occurs first). condenser, pressurecap and neck. Pressure An Emission Control Service.* test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service. [7 Lubricate the suspension, steeringlinkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission cable guides, underbody contact points and Control Service$ linkage (or every 6 months, whichever 0Replace aircleaner filter. Replace filter occurs first). more often under dusty conditions. 17 Clean and repack the fiont wheel bearings (or An Emission Control Service. at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any vehicle is used to pull a trailer. damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service.? Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). RATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: An Emission Control Service. 0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 .months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant’’ inthe Index for what 7-20 I MaintenanceSchedule I I 63,000 Miles (105 000 km) 66,000 Miles (110 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: , I T I 7-21 I Maintenance Schedule I I 67,500 Miles (112 500 km) 69,000 Miles (115 000 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED '7-22 BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I MaintenanceSchedule I I 72,000 Miles (120 000 km) 75,000 Miles (125 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* 0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pulla trailer. 0Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.Replace filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service. 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service? 0Lubricate the suspnsion, steering linkage, transmission shii't linkage, parking brake cable guides, uhderbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-23 _ ~ ~ _ FMaintenance Schedule I 78,000 Miles (130 000 km) I 81,000 Miles (135 000 km). $ 0Change engine oiland filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Sewice. * DATE 7-24. ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 1 MaintenanceSchedule I I 82,500 Miles (137 500 km) 84,000 Miles (140 000 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if 0Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). I DATE I ACTUALMILEAGE ISERVICED BY: I 7-25 ' I ~ ~. Maintenance ScheduleI 87,000 Miles (145 000 km) 90,000 Miles (150 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repackthe front wheel bearings (or at each brakerelining, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axlegear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. Inspect engine accessorydrive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. (Continued) 3 months, whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service. * DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: L 7-26 I MaintenanceSchedule I I I Maintenance Schedule I 93,000 Miles (155 000 k m ) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs fist). An Ehtis~~~on Control Service.* I I ! MaintenanceSchedule I I 97,500 Miles (162 500 km) 99,000 Miles(165 000 km) 0Change the rear axle gear lubricantif 0Change engine oil and filter (or every vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* DATE DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I I 7-29 - ~ ~ y 'mountainous o r terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. - Uses 1 MaintenanceSchedule I1 1 The services shownin this schedule up to100,000 miles (166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles (166 000 km)at the same intervals. * Your vehicle has an Engine OilLife Monitor. This monitor will show you when to change the oil -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)and 7,500 miles (12 500 km)since your lastoil change. Under severe Footnotes conditions, the indicator may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle more The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the then 7,500 miles (12500 km)or 12 months withoutan California Air Resources Board has determined that the failure to perform this maintenance item will not null@ oil change. the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior the to The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you completion of vehicle usefullife. We, however, urge that drive in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil every all recommended maintenance services be performed at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or soonerif the CHANGE OIL the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded. light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil Life Monitor when the oil has been changed.For more information, see “Engine OilLife Monitor” in the Index. 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) 15,000 Miles (25 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Sewice? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parkmg brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle has limited-slip differential. 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. . DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-32 BY: I Maintenance Schedule I1 ‘1 22,500 Miles (37 500 km) 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Sewice.* 17 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Sewice.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parkingbrake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean andrepack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. 0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whicheveroccurs first). See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index for what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, (Continued) DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-33 1. Maintenance Schedule I1 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) (Continued) 37,500 Miles (62 500 k t ) condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system and pressurecap. An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Service.? 17 Replace aircleaner filter. An Emission Control Service. Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any damage. Replaceparts as needed. An Emission Control Service.? 0Change engine oil and filter (or every DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-34 BY: 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). El Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 45,000 Miles (75 000 km) 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) 17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change automatic transmission fluid and 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). I I DATE I filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or moreof these conditions: - In heavy city traffic wherethe outside temperature regularly reaches 90" F (32" C) or higher. - In hilly or mountainous terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. - Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. I f you do not use your vehicle under anyof these conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing. 1 ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B E 7-35 b . ’,. Maintenance ScheduleI1 52,500 Miles (87 500 km) 60,000 Miles (100 000 km) Ch’angeengine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* Lubricate the suspension, steeringlinkage, transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Sewice. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shiftlinkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repackthe front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). El Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. 0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, (Continued) 1 60,000 Miles (100 000km) (Continued) condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Service.? 0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service. Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service.? DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: , 67,500 Miles (112 500 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whicheveroccurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbodycontact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. ACTUAL MILEAGE DATE SERVICED BY: r 7-37 75,000 Miles (125 000 km) 82,500 Miles (137 500km) 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 17 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.* 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parhng brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every12 months, whichever occurs first). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service? 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and Rotation" in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. DATE 7-38 ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE r 1. Maintenance Schedule I1 ‘b . -m-~ 90,000 Miles (1501Y00 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service.* Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, transmission shift linkage, parkingbrake cable guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings (or ateach brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. 0Drain, flush andrefill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use. Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, condenser, pressurecap and neck. Pressure test the coolingsystem and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service. 0Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service. Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Sew ice.? 0Replace air cleaner filter.An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspectfuel cap gasket for any damage.’Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service.? I I DATE 3 I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-39 I Maintenance Schedule I1 97,500 Miles (142 500 km) 100,000 Miles (144 000 km) I7 Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Replace spark plugs.An Emission 12 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steeringlinkage, transmission shift linkage, parking brake cabie guides, underbody contact pointsand linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. Control Service. 0Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or moreof these conditions: - In heavy city traffic where theoutside temperature regularly reaches90’ F (32 C) or higher. - In hilly or mountainous terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. - Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. I you do not use your vehicle under anyof ese conditions, thefluid and filter donot require changing. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-40 BY: ~ Part B: Owner Checksand Services Windshield Washer Fluid Level Listed below are owner checks and services which should be performed at the intervals specified help to ensure the safety, dependability and emission control performance of your vehicle. Check the windshield washerfluid level inthe windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index for further details. Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once. Whenever anyfluids or lubricants are added to your vehicle, make sure theyare the proper ones, as shownin Part D. At Least Oncea Month At Each Fuel Fill It isimportantfor you or a sewicestation attendant to per$orm these underhood checks at each fuel fill. Tire Inflation Check tire inflation. Make sureures are inflated to the pressures specified onthe Tire-Loading Information label locatedon the rear edgeof the driver’s door. See “Tires” in the Index for further details. Cassette Deck Engine Oil Level Check the engineoil level and add the proper oil if necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index for further details. Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every 50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the Index for further details. Power Antenna Engine Coolant Level Check the engine coolant level and add the proper coolant mix if necessary.See “Coolant” inthe Index for further details. Clean power antenna mast.See “Audio Systems”ip the Index for further details. 3. Try to ,startthe engine in each gear.The starter should-workonly inPARK p)or NEUTRAL (N). If the starterworks in any other pt%ition, your vehicie ’ needs service. Brake-’IkansmissimShift Interlock --, BTSI Starter Switch 1. Before you start, besure you have enoughroom around the vehicle.It should be parkedon a level surface. 1. ,Beforeyou start, be sure you haveenough room around the vehicle. 2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking Brake” in the Indexif necessary) and the regular brake. NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turnoff the engine immediatelyif it starts. Steering ColumnLock While parked, andwith the parking brake set, try toturn the key toLOCK in each shiftlever position. The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P). 0 The key should come out only in LOCK. Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission PARK (P) Mechanism Check Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehiclefacing downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the parking brake. 0 I To check the parking brake: With the engine running and transmissionin NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held bythe parking brake only. To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability: Shift to PARK (P). Then releaseall brakes. Underbody Flushing At least every spring, use plain water to flush any corrosive materials fromthe underbody. Takecare to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris can collect. 7-43 I Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants USAGE NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part number or sy-yification may be obtained from your GM dealer. I USAGE Engine Oil Engine Coolant Coolant Supplement . ~ ~. _ _~ . . - .C_- - . -- - .., : FLUIDLUBRICANT Engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol of the proper viscosity. To deterrnine the preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine, see “Engine Oil” in the Index. 50/50 mixture of water (preferably distilled) and good quality ethylene glycol base antifreeze (GM Part No. 1052753 or equivalent) conforming toGM Specification 1825Mor approved recycled coolant conforming to GM Specification 1825M. GM Part No. 3634621 or equivalent. FLUIDLUBRICANT Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11@ Brake Fluid System (GM Part No. 1052535 or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid). Parking Brake Guides Chassis lubricant (GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant meeting requirementsof NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB. Power Steering System GM Hydraulic Power Steering Fluid (GMPart No. 1052884 or equivalent). Automatic Transmission DEXRON@-III Automatic Transmission Fluid. Key Lock Cylinders Lubricate with Multi-Purpose Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345120) or synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine oil. Automatic Transmission Shift Linkage Chassis lubricant (GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant meeting~requirements of NLGI Grade2, Category LB or GC-LB. 7-45 ~ USAGE ___ Chassis Lubrication Front Wheel Bearings Rear Axle (Standard Differential) Rear M e (Zimited-Slip Differential) Windshield Washer Solvent 7-46 USAGE FLUIDLUBRICANT ~~ Hood Latch Assembly, Pivots, Spring Anchor and Release Pawl Hood, Door, Tailgate and Rear Compartment Lid Hinges, Rear Folding Seat and Fuel Door Hinge Grease, High Tempefature -Water Spray Resistant(GM Part No. 12345996 or equivalent). Weatherstrip i Conditioning Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part No. 12345579 or equivalent). Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant (GM Part No. 1050.109). See "Specifications Chart" in the Index for recommended replacementfilters, valves and spark Plugs- Part E: MaintenanceRecord After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer readingand who performed the service in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or “Periodic Maintenance”can be added on the^ following record pages.Also, you should retainall maintenance receipts.Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them. Maintenance Record DATE ODOMETER READING SERVICED BY MAINTENANCE PERFORMED 7-47 I Mpiptenance Record ~~~~ DATE ODOMETER READING SERVJCED BY 7 7-48 MAnVTENANCE PERF -2MED ~ Section 8 Customer Assistance Information I STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of dealership management. Normally, concerns can often be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already been reviewed with theSales, Service, or Parts Manager, contact the ownerof the dealershipor the General Manager. STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be resolved by the dealership without further help, contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center by Customer Satisfaction Procedure calling 1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contactGM of Your satisfaction and goodwillare important to your Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern with the sales calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 transactioq or the operation of your vehiclewill be (French). resolved by your dealer’sSales or Service Departments. In Mexico, call (525)254-3777. In Pyerto Rico,call Sometimes, however, despitethe best intentionsof all 1-800-496-9992 (English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish). concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call 1-800-496-9994.In all other overseas locations, contact GM North American following steps should be taken: Export Sales in Canada by callipg 1-905-644-4112. Here youwill find out how to contact Buickif you need assistance. This sectionalso tells you how to obtain service publications and how to report any safety defects. This section includes information on: Customer Satisfaction Procedure, Customer Assistance for Hearing or Speech Imp,aired, BBB Auto Line Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting Safety Defects, Roadside Assistance, and Service hblications. 8-1 Forpromptassistance,pleasehave the following information available to give the Customer Assistance ....: >,.:,. !i,.f:..y: .),. . :-:.;.:!. , ~ Representative: . ..*'.. .... . - .. ,p' , 0 8' , . ,. ~ , Your name, address, home and business telephone numbers WhencontactingBuick,pleaserememberthatyour Concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using the ~ dealership's ~ ~ ~ facilities, ~ ~equipment ~ : and ~ personnel. ; ~ ~ That is why ~ . we suggest you follow Step One first if you have a concern. e Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from the vehicle registration or title, or the plateat the left topof the instrument panel and visible through the windshield.) . I I 0 Dealership name and location 0 Vehicle delivery date and present mileage 0 Nature of concern We encourage you tocall the toll free number listed previously in order to give your inquiry prompt attention. However, if you wish to write Buick, write to: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI 48550. Refer toyour Warranty and Owner Assistance Information bookletfor addresses of Canadian andGM Overseas offices. 8-2 Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Impaired(TDD) To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Buick has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf) equipment atits Customer Assistance Center. Any hearingor speech impaired customer who has accessto a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter (TTY) can communicate with Buick by dialing: 1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.) GM Participation inBBB AUTO LINE - Alternative Dispute Resolution Program* *This program may not be available in all states, depending on state law. Canadian owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet. General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in this program. ~ ~ ~ Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed to To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name making sure youare completely satisfied with your new and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), vehicle. Our experience has shownif athat, situation arises and a statementof the natureof your complaint. where youfeel your concern has not been adequately Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described other factors. earlier in this sectionis very successful. We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction There may be instances where an impartial third-party can Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement regarding may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited to resolve the complaint serving asan intermediary Warranty. To assist in resolving these disagreements Buick between you and Buick.If this mediation is voluntarily participates in BBBAUTO LINE. unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled where eligible customers may present theircase to an BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program administered by the Better Business Bureau system to impartial third-party arbitrator. settle disputes between customers and automobile The arbitrator will make a decision which you rhay manufacturers. This programis available free of charge accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be to customers who currently own lease or a GM vehicle. bound by that decision.The entire dispute resolution procedure should ordinarily take about forty days from If you are not satisfied after following the Customer Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the BBB using the time youfile a claim until a decision is made. the toll-free telephone number, or write them atthe Some statelaws may require you to use this program following address: before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program or in the courts.For further information, contactthe BBB AUTO LINE BBB at 1-800-955-5100 or the Buick Customer Council of Better Business Bureaus Assistance Centerat 1-800-521-7300. 4200 Wilson Boulevard Suite 800 Arlington, VA 22203 Telephone: 1-800-955-5100 8-3 REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT If you livein Canada, and you believe that your vehicle has a safety defect, you should immediately notify Transport Canada,in addition to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to: Transport Canada Box 8880 Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3J2. REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO GENERAL MOTORS In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write to: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI 48550. In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write to: General Motorsof Canada Limited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, OntarioLlH 8P7. 8-4 Courtesy Transportation Roadside Assistance To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service -- and service means “keeping you on the road.” Buick Motor Divisionis proud to offer Buick Roadside Assistance to customers for vehicles covered underthe 36 month/36,000 mile new car warranty (whichever comes first). Included with your1995 Buick new car warranty, (36 months,or 36,000 miles),is Courtesy Transportation, a program which will provide Buick retail customers with: - Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesyof , Buick Motor Division,for up tofive days for vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also, reimbursement upto $30 a day (five days maximum) may be available for the cost of a rental car, bus or even a cab. - A free one-way shuttle ride up to 10 miles from the dealership is availablefor customers whose vehicles require same-day warranty repairs. Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s wayof extending the Premium Service you’ve come to expect for Buick and it’s 3,000 dealers. Please review the Courtesy Transportation glove-box card contained in your vehicle, or consult your Buick dealer for details. In Canada, please consultyour GM dealer for information on Courtesy Transportation. Our commitment to Buick owners has always included superior service through our network of 3,000 Buick dealers. Buick Roadside Assistance provides an extra measure of convenience and security. Buick Roadside Assistance: - Provides owners with access to minor repairs or towing for disabled vehicles. - Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by providing easy access to service professionals trained to work with Buick owners, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, including weekends and holidays. For detailsof Buick Roadside Assistance, please consult your Buick Roadside Assistance owner booklet included with your owner’s manual. For needed assistance, call the Buick Roadside Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-252- 1112. Canada Roadside Assistance Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly sent to all General Motors dealerships/retail facilities. GM monitors product performancein the field. When service methods are found which promote better service on GM vehicles, bulletins are created to help the technician perform better service. Service bulletins may Service and Owner Publications involve any numberof vehicles. Some will describe Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and inexpensive service, others will describe expensive service. Somewill advise new or unexpected conditions? other service literatureare available for purchasefor all An current and many past model General Motors vehicles. and others may help avoid future costly repairs. important reminder is that service bulletins are meant for qualified technicians. Since these bulletins are issued Toll-free telephone numbersfor ordering information: throughout the model year and beyond, an index is u. s. 1-800-55 1-4 123 required and published quarterly to help identify specific Canada 1-800-668-5539 bulletins. Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously, or ask a Service Manuals GM dealer to see an index or individual bulletin. Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair information for Owner Publications all chassis and body systems. They may be useful for owners who wish to geta greater understanding of their vehicle. Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner They are also useful for owners with the appropriate skill assistance booklets provide owners with general level or training who wish to perform “do-it-yourself” operation and maintenance information. service. These are authentic General Motors service manuals meant for professional, qualified technicians. In some cases they refer to specialized tools, equipment and safety procedures necessary to service the vehicle. Vehicles purchasedin Canada have an extensive Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the separate brochure provided by the dealer call or 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services. I Service Bulletins 8-6 m vj C 3 LL U 4 3 .-C UI .-C0 .- W ii o n a a 8 W E a i/, i!3/ > z U ws .- f a o T P I d a 0 4 . 5: r Section 9 Index Adding Automatic Transmission Fluid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 16 BrakeFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23 ElectricalEquipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 17. 3- 18. 6-49 Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18 EngineQil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9 Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20 3 .18 Sound Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.33. 6-21 AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19 How Does It Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23 How It Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21 Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21 ReadinessLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220.127.116.11 Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24 What Makes It Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22 What Will You See After It Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23 1-22 When Should It Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AirCleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12 18.104.22.168 AirConditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38 Alignment and Balance. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46 AM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19 Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20 4-6 Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light. . . . . . . . . 22.214.171.124 Anti-LockBrakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6 Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17 Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40 Appearance Care and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48 126.96.36.199 Armrests. Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52 Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6 Automatic Overdrive (@) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21 Automatic Pull Down Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 Automatic Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43 Automatic Transmission .................... 2- 19. 6.13 Axle.Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188.8.131.52.5. 4.6.25 Battery Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25 Brakes Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25 4-6 Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fluid.Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23 7-44 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MasterCylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22 Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22 6-24 PedalTravei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacingparts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25 Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35 9-1 Trammission S~hift Interlock . . . . . . . . . . 184.108.40.206. 7.42 Warning Light ............................... 2-58 Wear ...................................... 6-24 S r W g .................................... 4.5. 4 .8 Break.In. New Vehicle .......................... 2-14 BTSI (Brake-Transmission Shift Interlock) 220.127.116.11. 7.42 Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-55 Center High-Mounted Stoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-30 Front ReadingLamps~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31 Headlamp .................................. 6-27 Parking/Turn Signal and CorneringLamp ......... 6-26 T a i l l m p ~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.28. 6.29 .. Capacities and Specifications .................... 6-56 CarbonMonoxide . . . . . . . . . . . 18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. 4.33 2-48 Cargocover ................................... Carrier. Luggage ............................... 2-50 Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126.96.36.199. 3.19 Center High-Mounted Stoplamp Bulb Replacement. . . . 6-30 Certification/Tire Label .......................... 4-27 Chains.Safety ................................. 4-35 Chains. Tire ................................. ! . 6-40 Change Oil Indicator ............................ 2-64 Changing a Flat Tire............................. 5-18 Checking Automatic Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13 Brake Fluid ................................. 6-23 Engine Coolant .............................. 6-18 Engineoil ................................... 6-9 Power Steering Fluid ......................... 6-20 Restraint Systems ............................ 1-45 UndertheHood .............................. 6-7 9-2 . Cornering Lamp andParkingEurn Signal Bulb Replacement ............................. 6-26 Courtesy Transportation ........................... 8-5 Cruise Control ................................. 2-34 Erasing Speed Memory........................ 2-38 Getting Out of ............................... 2-37 Increasing Speed ............................. 2-36 Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65 Passing Another Vehicle ....................... 2-37 ReducingSpeed ............................. 2-37 Resuming a Set Speed ........................ 2-37 2-36 Setting ..................................... UseonHills ................................ 2-37 Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1 Customer Satisfaction Procedure .................... 8-1 Damage. FinisMSheet Metal ..................... 6-46 Daytime Running Lamps ......................... 2-40 DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 2 Defects. Reporting ............................... 8-4 Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 1 Defog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 Defrost .................................... Delayed Illuminated Entry ........................ 2-40 DoorLocks ..................................... 2-2 Driving BlizzardConditions .......................... 4-25 City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18 Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8 4-1 Defensive ................................... 4-2 Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign Countries ............................. 6-4 4-19 Freeway .................................... Grades ..................................... 4-37 Hill and Mountain Roads ...................... 4-21 Night ...................................... 4-13 RainyConditions ............................ 4-15 Snow and Ice Conditions ...................... 4-24 Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17 TrailerAttached ............................. 4-35 Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23 DrunkenDriving ................................ 4-2 Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . 220.127.116.11.6.49 Electrochromic Mirror ........................... 2-43 Electronic Climate Control ........................ 3-4 Engine Exhaust .................................... 2-26 Identification ................................ 6-49 Overheating ................................. 5-11 Running While Parked ........................ 2-27 Specifications ................................. 68 2-16 Starting .................................... Engine Coolant ................................. 6-17 Heater ................................ 2- 17. 6.12 Temperature GageNarning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60 6-8 Engineoil ..................................... 6-9 Adding ..................................... 6-11 Additives ................................... Checking .................................... 6-9 6-10 KindtoUse ................................. 2-62 Pressure Gage ............................... 6-12 UsedOil ................................... 6-11 Whentochange ............................. 9-3 6-3 2-26 7-44 2-28 1-44 2-65 Gate Ajar Light ................................ GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27 Glass.Cleaning ................................ 6-44 GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27 6-42 Fabric Cleaning ............................... Fancontrol .................................... 3-1 FillingYourTank ................................ 6-5 Filter, Air ..................................... 6-12 Finishcare .................................... 6-45 FinishDamage ................................. 6-46 First(1) ....................................... 2-21 Fixed Mast Antenna............................. 3-20 Flashers, Hazard Warning ......................... 5-1 5-1 8 Flat Tire, Changing ............................. FMStereo ..................................... 3-19 FoldingSeatbacks ............................... 1-5 Foreign Countries, Fuel ........................... 6-4.. ................................. 11 Franpis, Guide Front Reading Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31 FrontTowingHookups .......................... 5-10 Fuel ..................................... 6-3, 6-56 6-4 Door Release, Remote ......................... 6-5 FillingYourTank ............................. Foreign Countries ............................. 6-4 2-66 Gage ...................................... Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 6-50 5-1 H:azard Warning Flashers .......................... H:eadRestraints ................................ :1-5 Hleadlamp High-Low Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31 18.104.22.168.6.51 H:eadlamps .......................... H:caring or Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance. . . . . . 8-2 Ethanol (InFuel) ................................ Exhaust ....................................... Exhaust System Inspection ....................... Express Down Window .......................... Extender. Safety Belt ............................ en Ilalogen Bulbs ................................ H:eated Outside Rearview Mirror. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-44 H:eatedSeats .................................... H:eating ......................................... Highway Hypnosis .............................. H:ill and Mountain Roads ......................... Hitches, Trailer ................................. H:ood Release ................................... ......................................... H H:ydroplaning .................................. 9-4 1-3 3-3 4-21 4-21 4-33 6-7 2-29 4-17 If You’re Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . 5-31 2-15 Ignition Switch ................................. 2-52 Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror .................... 22.214.171.124 InstrumentPanel .......................... J G a g e . Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-60 Gage. Fuel .................................... 2-66 6-26 ack.Tire .................................... J-Hooks ....................................... Jumpstarting ................................... 5-19 5-8 5-2 K e y Lock Cylinder ............................ Keys .......................................... . I 7-42 2-1 Lamps ...................................... 2-38 Daytime Runtling ............................ 2-40 Lane Change Indicator ........................... 2-30 Leaving Your Vehicle ............................. 2-4 EngineRunning ............................. 2-24 Light Sensor. Twilight Sentinel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39 Lights. Warning Air Bag Readiness ...................... 126.96.36.199 Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 188.8.131.52 Brake System Warning ........................ 2-58 Changeoil ................................. 2-64 Cruise ..................................... 2-65 Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-60 GateAjar ................................... 2-65 LowCoolant ................................ 2-61 LowFuel ................................... 2-66 LowOilLevel ............................... 2-63 Safety Belt Reminder ..................... 1-8, 2-57 2-61 Service Engine Soon .......................... Volts ...................................... 2-64 2-53 Lighter ....................................... Limited-Slip Rear Axle ..................... 2-22, 6- 16 4-27 Loading YourVehicle ........................... Lock Out, Rear Window ......................... 2-28 Locks Door ....................................... 2-2 RearDoorSecurity ............................ 2-4 7-43 Steering Column ............................. 2-46 Locked Storage Compartment ..................... 4-12 Loss of Control ................................ 2-61 Low Coolant Light .............................. Low Fuel Light ................................ 2-66 Low Oil Level Light ............................ 2-63 Low Washer Fluid Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-65 Lubrication.Body .............................. 7-42 Luggagecarrier ................................ 2-50 Maintenance Normal Replacement Parts ..................... Record ..................................... Schedule .................................... Underbody ................................. When Trailer Towing ......................... Malfunction Indicator Lamp ...................... Manual Front Seat ............................... MemorySeat ................................... Methanol (In Fuel) ............................... Mirrors ....................................... MTBE(InFue1) ................................. 6-56 7-47 7-1 6-47 4-38 2-61 1-1 1-2 6-3 2-42 6-3 N e t . Convenience ......................... 184.108.40.206 2-20 Neutral (N) .................................... New Vehicle “Break-In” ......................... 2-14 Nightvision ................................... 4-14 Odometer .................................... 2-55 Off-RoadRecovery ............................. 4-10 6-8 Oil. Engine ..................................... Ordering Owner and Service Publications. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 Overheated Engine .............................. 5-11 Owner Checks and Services....................... 7-41 P 9-5 j safety Belts ................................... 1-7 Adults ..................................... 1-12 Care ....................................... 6-44 Center Passenger Position...................... 1-26 Children ................................... 1-30 DriverPosition .............................. 1-12 Extender ................................... 1-44 How to Wear Properly ........................ 1-12 1-26 LapBelt ................................... 1-12 Lap-ShoulderBelt ........................... Questions People Ask ......................... 1-11 Reminder Light .......................... 220.127.116.11 Replacing After a Crash ....................... 1-45 Right Front Passenger Position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25 Third Seat Position ........................... 1-26 UseDuring Pregnancy ........................ 1-25 1-8 WhyTheyWork .............................. Safety Chains .................................. 4-35 ... Safety Warnings and Symbols ...................... vm Scheduled Maintenance Services .................... 7-3 Seats .......................................... 1-1 Second(2) .................................... 2-21 Security System (PASS-Key) ..................... 2-13 6-1 Service and Appearance Care ...................... Service Engine Soon Light ....................... 2-61 Service Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49 Service bblications .............................. 8-6 Service Work. Doing Your Own .................... 6-2 Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24 Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . .!. ..................... 6-46 Shifting ....................................... 2-19 2-23 Into Park (P) ................................ Out of Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-25 4-12 Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sound Equipment. Adding ........................ 3-18 Spare Tire. Location ............................. 5-19 Specifications Chart ............................. 6-56 Speedometer ................................... 2-55 Stains ........................................ 6-42 Standard Differential ............................ 6-16 Starter Switch .................................. 7-42 StartingYourEngine ............................ 2-16 Steam. If Coming From Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11 Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8 ColumnLock ............................... 7-43 In Emergencies ............................... 4-9 Steering and Suspension Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-44 Steering Wheel. Tilt ............................. 2-29 Storage Armrests .......................... 2-45. 2-46 Storage of Your Vehicle .......................... 6-25 Stuck. IfYouAre ............................... 5-31 Sunvisors .................................... 2-52 Supplemental Inflatable Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.19 Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................... . . . 6-19 Symbols. Vehicle .................................. x Tailgate ...................................... 2-9 Taillamps. Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.28. 6.29 Tape Player ........................... 18.104.22.168.3.19 3-1 TemperatureControl ............................. Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.12 Theftlock ..................................... 3-16 Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19 2-21 Third(3) ...................................... 7-44 Throttle Linkage Inspection ....................... 2-29 Tilt Steering Wheel ............................. 3-6 Time.Setting ................................... . Tire Chains .................................... 6-40 Tire Loading ................................... 4-27 Tires ......................................... 6-32 Alignment and Balance ........................ 6-38 ChangingaFlat .............................. 5-18 Inflation .................................... 6-33 Inspection and Rotation ....................... 6-34 Temperature ................................ 6-37 Traction .................................... 6-37 Treadwear .................................. 6-35 WheelReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-38 TopStrap ..................................... 1-33 2-25 TorqueLock ................................... Torque. WheelNut .............................. 5-26 TowingaTrailer ................................ 4-30 Towing Your Vehicle ............................. 5-7 Trailer Tongue Weight ........................... 4-32 4-30 TrailerTowing ................................. Brakes ..................................... 4-35 DrivingonGrades ............................ 4-37 Driving with a Trailer ......................... 4-35 Hitches .................................... 4-32 Maintenance ................................ 4-38 4-37 Parkingonfills ............................. Safety Chains ............................... 4-35 Turnsignals ................................ 4-37 4-32 Weight of a Trailer ........................... Vehicle's Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33 Weight on YOLK 4-35 WiringHmess .............................. Transmission ............................. 2-19,6-13 2-6 Transmitters, Matching (RKE) ...................... 4-20 Trip, Before Leaving ............................ 2-55 Trip Odometer ................................. 2-8 TrunkRelease .................................. Turn SignMultifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30 Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37 Twilight Sentinel ............................... 2-39 . . underbody Maintenance ........................ Used Replacement Wheels ........................ 6-47 6-39 Vehicle Damage Warnings ......................... ix Vehicle Dimensions Chart ........................ 6-57 Vehicle Identification Number FIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49 Vehicle Loading ................................ 4-27 Vehicle Symbols ................................... x Ventilation ..................................... 3-3 Viscosity ...................................... 6-10 Vision.Night .................................. 4-14 2-52 VisorVanity Mirrors ............................ 5-1.5-2 warnin" e Devices ........................... Warning Flashers. Hazard .......................... 5-1 WarningLights ................................. 2-56 2-34 Washer. Rear Window ........................... Washing Your Vehicle ........................... 6-45 Water. Driving Through Deep Standing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17 Weatherstrips .................................. 6-44 5-26 Wheel Nut Torque .............................. 6-38 Wheel Replacement ............................. 2-28 Windows ..................................... 2-33. 6-21 Windshield Washer Fluid .................... 2-32. 6-51 Windshield Wipers ......................... Winter Driving ................................. 4-23 6-51 Wiring.Headlamp .............................. 5-7 WreckerTowing ................................. 9-8 .