Yamaha 1100 Owner`s manual

OWNER’S MANUAL
XVS1100AWR(C)
XVS1100ATR(C)
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2002.11-2.7×1 CR
(E)
LIT-11626-16-46
5KS-28199-10
EAU03438
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
EAU00002
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha XVS1100AW(C)/XVS1100AT(C).
This model is the result of Yamaha’s vast experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of
craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic
maintenance of this motorcycle. If you have any questions concerning the operation
or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met
these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your
Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the recommended maintenance schedules and
operating instructions contained within this manual.
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the
motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle.
WARNING
CAUTION:
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the
motorcycle.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
NOTE:
● This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain
with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold.
● Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while
this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing,
there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual. If you have
any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
_
_
EAU00003
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EW000000
WARNING
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL AND THE “YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING
TIPS” BOOKLET CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS MOTORCYCLE UNTIL YOU HAVE ATTAINED ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE OF ITS CONTROLS AND OPERATING FEATURES
AND UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES.
REGULAR INSPECTIONS AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING
SKILLS, WILL ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS MOTORCYCLE.
_
_
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
EAU04247
XVS1100AWR(C)/XVS1100ATR(C)
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2002 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
1st edition, November 2002
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-11626-16-46
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EAU00009
1 SAFETY INFORMATION
1
2 DESCRIPTION
2
3 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
4 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
4
5 OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
5
6 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
6
7 MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
7
8 SPECIFICATIONS
8
9 CONSUMER INFORMATION
9
INDEX
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
Safe riding .......................................................................................... 1-1
Protective apparel .............................................................................. 1-3
Modifications ...................................................................................... 1-3
Loading and accessories ................................................................... 1-3
Gasoline and exhaust gas.................................................................. 1-5
Location of important labels .............................................................. 1-7
1
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU03633
1-
1
MOTORCYCLES ARE SINGLE TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE USE AND OPERATION ARE
DEPENDENT UPON THE USE OF PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES AS WELL AS THE EXPERTISE
OF THE OPERATOR. EVERY OPERATOR SHOULD KNOW THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS
BEFORE RIDING THIS MOTORCYCLE.
HE OR SHE SHOULD:
1. OBTAIN THOROUGH INSTRUCTIONS FROM A COMPETENT SOURCE ON ALL ASPECTS OF
MOTORCYCLE OPERATION.
2. OBSERVE THE WARNINGS AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS IN THE OWNER’S MANUAL.
3. OBTAIN QUALIFIED TRAINING IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES.
4. OBTAIN PROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL SERVICE AS INDICATED BY THE OWNER’S MANUAL
AND/OR WHEN MADE NECESSARY BY MECHANICAL CONDITIONS.
Safe riding
1. Always make pre-operation checks. Careful checks may help prevent an accident.
2. This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and a passenger.
3. The failure of motorists to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of
automobile/motorcycle accidents. Many accidents have been caused by an automobile driver who
did not see the motorcycle. Making yourself conspicuous appears to be very effective in reducing the
chance of this type of accident.
Therefore:
a. Wear a brightly colored jacket.
b. Use extra caution when approaching and passing through intersections, since intersections are
the most likely places for motorcycle accidents to occur.
c. Ride where other motorists can see you. Avoid riding in another motorist’s blind spot.
1-1
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
4. Many motorcycle accidents involve inexperienced operators. In fact, many operators who have been
involved in accidents do not even have a current motorcycle license.
a. Make sure that you are qualified and that you only lend your motorcycle to other qualified operators.
b. Know your skills and limits. Staying within your limits may help you to avoid an accident.
c. We recommend that you practice riding your motorcycle where there is no traffic until you have
become thoroughly familiar with the motorcycle and all of its controls.
5. Many motorcycle accidents have been caused by error of the motorcycle operator. A typical error
made by the operator is veering wide on a turn due to EXCESSIVE SPEED or undercornering (insufficient lean angle for the speed).
a. Always obey the speed limit and never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
b. Always signal before turning or changing lanes. Make sure that other motorists can see you.
6. The posture of the operator and passenger is important for proper control.
a. The operator should keep both hands on the handlebar and both feet on the operator footrests
during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle.
b. The passenger should always hold onto the operator, seat strap, or grab bar, if equipped, with
both hands and keep both feet on the passenger footrests.
c. Never carry a passenger unless he or she can firmly place both feet on the passenger footrests.
7. Never ride under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
8. This motorcycle is designed for on-road use only, therefore, it is not suitable for off-road use.
1-2
1
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
Protective apparel
1
The majority of fatalities from motorcycle accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety
helmet is the single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
1. Always wear an approved helmet.
2. Wear a face shield or goggles. Wind in your unprotected eyes could contribute to an impairment of vision which could delay seeing a hazard.
3. The use of a jacket, heavy boots, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing abrasions or lacerations.
4. Never wear loose-fitting clothes, otherwise they could catch on the control levers, footrests, or wheels
and cause injury or an accident.
5. Never touch the engine or exhaust system during or after operation. They become very hot and can
cause burns. Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs, ankles, and feet.
6. Passengers should also observe the precautions mentioned above.
Modifications
Modifications made to this motorcycle not approved by Yamaha, or the removal of original equipment,
may render the motorcycle unsafe for use and may cause severe personal injury. Modifications may
also make your motorcycle illegal to use.
Loading and accessories
Adding accessories or cargo to your motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the
weight distribution of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid the possibility of an accident, use extreme
caution when adding cargo or accessories to your motorcycle. Use extra care when riding a
motorcycle that has added cargo or accessories. Here are some general guidelines to follow if loading
cargo or adding accessories to your motorcycle:
1-3
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
Loading
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must not exceed the maximum
load limit of 203 kg (448 lb). When loading within this weight limit, keep the following in mind:
1. Cargo and accessory weight should be kept as low and close to the motorcycle as possible. Make
sure to distribute the weight as evenly as possible on both sides of the motorcycle to minimize imbalance or instability.
2. Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely
attached to the motorcycle before riding. Check accessory mounts and cargo restraints frequently.
3. Never attach any large or heavy items to the handlebar, front fork, or front fender. These items, including such cargo as sleeping bags, duffel bags, or tents, can create unstable handling or slow
steering response.
Accessories
Genuine Yamaha accessories have been specifically designed for use on this motorcycle. Since
Yamaha cannot test all other accessories that may be available, you must personally be responsible
for the proper selection, installation and use of non-Yamaha accessories. Use extreme caution when
selecting and installing any accessories.
Keep the following guidelines in mind, as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting
accessories.
1. Never install accessories or carry cargo that would impair the performance of your motorcycle. Carefully inspect the accessory before using it to make sure that it does not in any way reduce ground
clearance or cornering clearance, limit suspension travel, steering travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.
1-4
1
U5KS10.book Page 5 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
1
a. Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories are added to the handlebar or front
fork area, they must be as lightweight as possible and should be kept to a minimum.
b. Bulky or large accessories may seriously affect the stability of the motorcycle due to aerodynamic
effects. Wind may attempt to lift the motorcycle, or the motorcycle may become unstable in cross
winds. These accessories may also cause instability when passing or being passed by large vehicles.
c. Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or her normal riding position. This improper position limits the freedom of movement of the operator and may limit control ability, therefore,
such accessories are not recommended.
2. Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of the
motorcycle’s electrical system, an electric failure could result, which could cause a dangerous loss of
lights or engine power.
Gasoline and exhaust gas
1. GASOLINE IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE:
a. Always turn the engine off when refueling.
b. Take care not to spill any gasoline on the engine or exhaust system when refueling.
c. Never refuel while smoking or in the vicinity of an open flame.
2. Never start the engine or let it run for any length of time in a closed area. The exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of consciousness and death within a short time. Always operate your
motorcycle in an area that has adequate ventilation.
3. Always turn the engine off before leaving the motorcycle unattended and remove the key from the
main switch. When parking the motorcycle, note the following:
1-5
U5KS10.book Page 6 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
a. The engine and exhaust system may be hot, therefore, park the motorcycle in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch these hot areas.
b. Do not park the motorcycle on a slope or soft ground, otherwise it may fall over.
c. Do not park the motorcycle near a flammable source (e.g. a kerosene heater, or near an open
flame), otherwise it could catch fire.
4. When transporting the motorcycle in another vehicle, make sure that it is kept upright and that the fuel
cock is turned to “ON” or “RES” (for vacuum type) / “OFF” (for manual type). If it should lean over,
gasoline may leak out of the carburetor or fuel tank.
5. If you should swallow any gasoline, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or allow gasoline to get into your
eyes, see your doctor immediately. If any gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash
the affected area with soap and water and change your clothes.
1-6
1
U5KS10.book Page 7 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU02977
Location of important labels
1
Please read the following important labels carefully before operating this motorcycle.
1-7
U5KS10.book Page 8 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SAFETY INFORMATION
1
4
1
California only
1
2
3
1-8
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
DESCRIPTION
Left view ............................................................................................. 2-1
Right view........................................................................................... 2-2
Controls and instruments ................................................................... 2-3
2
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
DESCRIPTION
EAU00026
2-
Left view
2
1. Shift pedal
2. Fuel cock
3. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring
4. Helmet holder
5. Storage compartment
6. Owner’s tool kit
7. Fuse box
8. Engine oil level check window
(page 3-5)
(page 3-8)
(page 3-14)
(page 3-11)
(page 3-11)
(page 6-1)
(page 6-29)
(page 6-10)
2-1
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
DESCRIPTION
Right view
2
9. Battery
10. Main fuse
11. Main switch/steering lock
12. Air filter element
13. Brake pedal
(page 6-28)
(page 6-30)
(page 3-1)
(page 6-14)
(page 3-5)
2-2
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
DESCRIPTION
Controls and instruments
2
1. Clutch lever
2. Left handlebar switches
3. Starter (choke) lever
4. Speedometer unit
5. Fuel tank cap
6. Right handlebar switches
7. Throttle grip
8. Brake lever
(page 3-4)
(page 3-3)
(page 3-9)
(page 3-3)
(page 3-6)
(page 3-4)
(page 6-15)
(page 3-5)
2-3
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Main switch/steering lock .................................................................. 3-1
Indicator and warning lights .............................................................. 3-2
Speedometer unit .............................................................................. 3-3
Handlebar switches ........................................................................... 3-3
Clutch lever ....................................................................................... 3-4
Shift pedal ......................................................................................... 3-5
Brake lever ........................................................................................ 3-5
Brake pedal ....................................................................................... 3-5
Fuel tank cap ..................................................................................... 3-6
Fuel ................................................................................................... 3-7
Fuel cock ........................................................................................... 3-8
Starter (choke) lever........................................................................... 3-9
Seats .................................................................................................. 3-9
Helmet holder .................................................................................. 3-11
Storage compartment ..................................................................... 3-11
Adjusting the shock absorber assembly .......................................... 3-13
Luggage strap holders .................................................................... 3-15
Sidestand ........................................................................................ 3-16
Ignition circuit cut-off system ........................................................... 3-16
3
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00027
3-
3
EAU00029
Main switch/steering lock
The main switch/steering lock controls
the ignition and lighting systems, and is
used to lock the steering. The various
positions are described below.
EAU00032
ON
All electrical systems are supplied with
power, and the headlight, meter lighting, taillight and position lights come
on, and the engine can be started. The
key cannot be removed.
EAU00038
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
EAU00040
LOCK
The steering is locked, and all electrical
systems are off. The key can be removed.
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
the left.
2. Push the key in from the “OFF” position, and then turn it to “LOCK”
while still pushing it.
3. Remove the key.
To unlock the steering
Push the key in, and then turn it to
“OFF” while still pushing it.
3-1
1. Push.
2. Turn.
EW000016
WARNING
Never turn the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK” while the motorcycle is
moving, otherwise the electrical
systems will be switched off, which
may result in loss of control or an
accident. Make sure that the motorcycle is stopped before turning the
key to “OFF” or “LOCK”.
_
_
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
NOTE:
Even if the oil level is sufficient, the
warning light may flicker when riding on
a slope or during sudden acceleration
or deceleration, but this is not a malfunction.
_
_
EAU00061
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Neutral indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
transmission is in the neutral position.
Oil level warning light “
”
Neutral indicator light “ ”
Turn signal indicator light “
”
Engine trouble warning light “
”
High beam indicator light “
”
EAU00057
EAU03034
Indicator and warning lights
EAU04877
Turn signal indicator light “
”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left
or right.
Oil level warning light “
”
This warning light comes on when the
engine oil level is low.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”.
If the warning light does not come on
for a few seconds, then go off, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
3-2
EAU04585
Engine trouble warning light “
”
This warning light comes on or flashes
when an electrical circuit monitoring
the engine is defective. When this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer check the
self-diagnosis system.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”. If the warning light does not
come on for a few seconds, then go off,
have a Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
EAU00063
High beam indicator light “
”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
3
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. “TRIP” button
2. Odometer/trip meter
EAU03193
Speedometer unit
The speedometer unit is equipped with
a digital odometer and a tripmeter. The
speedometer shows riding speed. The
odometer shows the total distance traveled. The tripmeter shows the distance
traveled since it was last set to zero.
Pushing the “TRIP” button switches the
display between the odometer mode
“ODO” and the tripmeter mode “TRIP”.
To reset the tripmeter, select it by
pushing the “TRIP” button, and then
push the “TRIP” button again and hold
it down for at least one second. The
tripmeter can be used to estimate the
distance that can be traveled with a full
tank of fuel. This information will enable
you to plan future fuel stops.
NOTE:
This motorcycle is not equipped with a
tachometer; however, it has a built-in
speed limiter, which prevents the engine speed from exceeding approximately 6,800 r/min and the vehicle
speed from exceeding approximately
175 km/h (110 mi/h).
_
_
3-3
1. Dimmer switch “
/
2. Horn switch “
”
3. Turn signal switch “
”
/
”
EAU00118
Handlebar switches
EAU03888
Dimmer switch “
/
”
Set this switch to “
” for the high
beam and to “
” for the low beam.
EAU00129
Horn switch “
”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU04218
Turn signal switch “
/
”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “
”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “
”. When
released, the switch returns to the center position.
Since this model is equipped with a
self-canceling system, the turn signal
lights will self-cancel after the motorcycle has traveled both about 150 m
(490 ft) and for approximately 15 seconds. However, the turn signal lights
can also be canceled manually by
pushing the switch in after it has returned to the center position.
NOTE:
The self-canceling system only operates when the motorcycle is moving, so
that the turn signal lights will not selfcancel while you are stopped at an intersection.
_
3
1. Engine stop switch “
2. Start switch “
”
/
”
1. Clutch lever
EAU00152
EAU03890
Engine stop switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” before starting
the engine. Set this switch to “ ” to
stop the engine in case of an emergency, such as when the motorcycle overturns or when the throttle cable is
stuck.
EAU00143
Start switch “ ”
Push this switch to crank the engine
with the starter.
_
EC000005
CAUTION:
See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
_
_
3-4
Clutch lever
The clutch lever is located at the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
clutch, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip. To engage the clutch, release
the lever. The lever should be pulled
rapidly and released slowly for smooth
clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
clutch switch, which is part of the ignition
circuit cut-off system. (See page 3-16
for an explanation of the ignition circuit
cut-off system.)
U5KS10.book Page 5 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Shift pedal
1. Brake lever
1. Brake pedal
EAU01215
EAU00158
EAU00162
Shift pedal
Brake lever
Brake pedal
The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch lever when
shifting the gears of the 5-speed constant-mesh transmission equipped on
this motorcycle.
The brake lever is located at the right
handlebar grip. To apply the front
brake, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip.
The brake pedal is on the right side of
the motorcycle. To apply the rear
brake, press down on the brake pedal.
NOTE:
Use your toes or heel to shift up and
your toes to shift down.
_
_
3-5
U5KS10.book Page 6 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
tank opening with the key inserted
in the lock and with the “ ” mark
facing forward.
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
the original position, remove it,
and then close the lock cover.
1.
2.
a.
b.
Fuel tank cap lock cover
“ ” mark
Unlock.
Lock.
NOTE:
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly installed and locked.
_
EAU02917
Fuel tank cap
_
EW000024
To remove the fuel tank cap
Slide the lock cover open, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn it
1/4 turn clockwise. The lock will be released and the fuel tank cap can be
removed.
WARNING
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly installed before riding.
_
_
3-6
3
U5KS10.book Page 7 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00185
CAUTION:
Immediately wipe off spilled fuel
with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since
fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts.
_
_
EAU04265
3
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
Total amount:
17 L (3.74 Imp gal, 4.49 US gal)
Reserve amount:
4.5 L (0.99 Imp gal, 1.19 US gal)
1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Fuel level
EAU03753
Fuel
Make sure that there is sufficient fuel in
the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the bottom
of the filler tube as shown.
EW000130
_
_
WARNING
● Do not overfill the fuel tank, otherwise it may overflow when the
fuel warms up and expands.
● Avoid spilling fuel on the hot
engine.
ECA00104
CAUTION:
Use only unleaded gasoline. The
use of leaded gasoline will cause severe damage to internal engine
parts, such as the valves and piston
rings, as well as to the exhaust system.
_
_
3-7
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number
[(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a research
octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a
gasoline of a different brand or premium unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel
will extend spark plug life and reduce
maintenance costs.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol
containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it can
cause damage to the fuel system or vehicle performance problems.
U5KS10.book Page 8 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
OFF: closed position
ON: normal position
RES: reserve position
3
1. Pointed end positioned over “OFF”
EAU02969
Fuel cock
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the
tank to the carburetors while also filtering it.
The fuel cock lever positions are explained as follows and shown in the
illustrations.
1. Pointed end positioned over “ON”
1. Pointed end positioned over “RES”
ON
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel flows to the carburetors. Turn the
fuel cock lever to this position when
starting the engine and riding.
RES
This indicates reserve. With the fuel
cock lever in this position, the fuel reserve is made available. Turn the fuel
cock lever to this position if you run out
of fuel while riding. When this occurs,
refuel as soon as possible and be sure
to turn the fuel cock lever back to “ON”!
OFF
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel will not flow. Always turn the fuel
cock lever to this position when the engine is not running.
3-8
U5KS10.book Page 9 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA00038
CAUTION:
Do not use the starter (choke) for
more than 3 minutes as the exhaust
pipe may discolor from excessive
heat. In addition, extended use of
the starter (choke) will cause afterburning. If this occurs, turn off the
starter (choke).
_
3
1. Starter (choke) lever “
”
_
1. Bolt
EAU02973
Starter (choke) lever “
EAU03202
”
Seats
Starting a cold engine requires a richer
air-fuel mixture, which is supplied by
the starter (choke).
Move the lever in direction a to turn on
the starter (choke).
Move the lever in direction b to turn off
the starter (choke).
Passenger seat
To remove the passenger seat
Remove the bolt, and then pull the passenger seat up.
3-9
U5KS10.book Page 10 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
To install the passenger seat
Insert the projection on the front of the
passenger seat into the holder as
shown, place the seat in the original
position, and then install the bolt.
1. Bolt
Rider seat
To remove the rider seat
1. Remove the passenger seat.
2. Remove the bolt, and then pull the
rider seat up.
1. Projection (× 2)
2. Seat holder (× 2)
To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projections on the front
of the rider seat into the holders as
shown, place the seat in the original position, and then install the
bolt.
2. Install the passenger seat.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seats are properly
secured before riding.
_
_
3-10
U5KS10.book Page 11 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Helmet holder
EAU00260
Helmet holder
1. Storage compartment cover
2. Storage compartment lock cover
1. Storage compartment lock
EAU01869
To open the helmet holder, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn the key
as shown.
To lock the helmet holder, place it in
the original position, and then remove
the key.
Storage compartment
The storage compartment is located on
the left side of the motorcycle.
EW000030
WARNING
Never ride with a helmet attached to
the helmet holder, since the helmet
may hit objects, causing loss of
control and possibly an accident.
_
_
3-11
To open the storage compartment
1. Slide the lock cover open, insert
the key into the lock, and then turn
it clockwise.
U5KS10.book Page 12 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1. Storage compartment cover
2. Pull the storage compartment cover out as shown.
1. Storage compartment cover
To close the storage compartment
1. Place the storage compartment
cover in its original position as
shown.
2. Turn the key counterclockwise, remove it, and then close the lock
cover.
3-12
U5KS10.book Page 13 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU03194
Adjusting the shock absorber
assembly
The shock absorber assembly is located under the rider seat and is equipped
with a spring preload adjusting ring.
EC000015
3
CAUTION:
Never attempt to turn an adjusting
mechanism beyond the maximum
or minimum settings.
_
_
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
1. Remove the rider seat. (See
page 3-10 for rider seat removal
and installation procedures.)
1. Quick fastener (× 3)
2. Remove each quick fastener from
the ignitor unit panel by pushing
the center in with a screwdriver,
then pulling the fastener out.
3-13
1. Ignitor unit panel
3. Pull the ignitor unit panel out to the
right.
U5KS10.book Page 14 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
CI-10E
Setting
Minimum (soft)
1
Standard
4
Maximum (hard)
9
6. Install the mudguard and ignitor
unit panel by installing the quick
fasteners.
1. Quick fastener (× 3)
2. Mudguard
4. Remove the mudguard by removing each quick fastener.
1. Position indicator
2. Spring preload adjusting ring
3. Special wrench
5. To increase the spring preload
and thereby harden the suspension, turn the adjusting ring in direction a. To decrease the spring
preload and thereby soften the
suspension, turn the adjusting ring
in direction b.
NOTE:
● Align the appropriate notch in the
adjusting ring with the position indicator on the shock absorber.
● Use the special wrench included in
the owner’s tool kit to make the
adjustment.
_
_
3-14
3
U5KS10.book Page 15 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
After removal
Before installation
EAU00315
WARNING
This shock absorber contains highly pressurized nitrogen gas. For
proper handling, read and understand the following information before handling the shock absorber.
The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for property damage or
personal injury that may result from
improper handling.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to
open the gas cylinder.
● Do not subject the shock absorber to an open flame or other
high heat sources, otherwise it
may explode due to excessive
gas pressure.
● Do not deform or damage the
gas cylinder in any way, as this
will result in poor damping performance.
● Always have a Yamaha dealer
service the shock absorber.
_
3
1. Quick fastener
2. Pin
NOTE:
To install a quick fastener, push the pin
back so that it will protrude from the
fastener head, and then insert the fastener and push the protruding pin in until it is flush with the fastener head.
_
_
7. Install the rider seat.
_
3-15
1. Luggage strap holder (× 2)
EAU01172
Luggage strap holders
There is a luggage strap holder on
each passenger footrest.
U5KS10.book Page 16 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00330
Sidestand
The sidestand is located on the left side
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
lower it with your foot while holding the
motorcycle upright.
NOTE:
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
cuts the ignition in certain situations.
(See further down for an explanation of
the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
_
_
EW000044
WARNING
The motorcycle must not be ridden
with the sidestand down, or if the
sidestand cannot be properly
moved up (or does not stay up), otherwise the sidestand could contact
the ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of
control. Yamaha’s ignition circuit
cut-off system has been designed to
assist the operator in fulfilling the
responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore,
check this system regularly as described below and have a Yamaha
dealer repair it if it does not function
properly.
_
_
EAU03720
Ignition circuit cut-off system
The ignition circuit cut-off system (comprising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the following functions.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the clutch
lever is pulled, but the sidestand is
still down.
● It cuts the running engine when
the transmission is in gear and the
sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according
to the following procedure.
EW000045
WARNING
If a malfunction is noted, have a
Yamaha dealer check the system
before riding.
_
_
3-16
3
U5KS10.book Page 17 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
CD-01E
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to “
3. Turn the key to “ON”.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
3
YES
NOTE:
This check is most reliable if performed with
a warmed-up engine.
”.
NO
The neutral switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The sidestand switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The clutch switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
YES
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
YES
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
3-17
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
Pre-operation check list ..................................................................... 4-1
4
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU01114
4-
The condition of a vehicle is the owner’s responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly,
even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss
of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, to check the following points before each ride.
EAU03439
Pre-operation check list
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Fuel
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
3-7
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-10
4
Final gear oil
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
Front brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
6-12–6-13
6-19–6-20, 6-22–6-23
Rear brake
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
6-21–6-23
Clutch
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
6-19
4-1
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
Throttle grip
CHECKS
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check cable free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and
grip housing.
PAGE
6-15, 6-24
Control cables
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
Wheels and tires
•
•
•
•
Brake and shift pedals
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.
6-25
Brake and clutch levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-25
Sidestand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.
6-25
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
—
Instruments, lights, signals
and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
—
Sidestand switch
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
6-24
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
4-2
6-15–6-17
3-16
4
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the motorcycle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very
short time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
_
_
EWA00033
WARNING
If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the motorcycle.
_
_
4
4-3
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
Starting and warming up a cold engine ............................................. 5-1
Starting a warm engine ..................................................................... 5-3
Shifting .............................................................................................. 5-3
Engine break-in ................................................................................. 5-5
Parking .............................................................................................. 5-6
5
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU00372
5-
_
5
EAU00373
EAU00376
WARNING
● Become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions before riding.
Consult a Yamaha dealer regarding any control or function
that you do not thoroughly understand.
● Never start the engine or operate it in a closed area for any
length of time. Exhaust fumes
are poisonous, and inhaling
them can cause loss of consciousness and death within a
short time. Always make sure
that there is adequate ventilation.
● Before starting out, make sure
that the sidestand is up. If the
sidestand is not raised completely, it could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss
of control.
CAUTION:
● Make sure not to store personal
items near the air cleaner intake, otherwise air intake will be
blocked and performance will
suffer.
● Make sure not to put anything
near the battery and its terminals, otherwise electrical failure
and acid corrosion may result.
_
EAU04722
Starting and warming up a
cold engine
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, one of the
following conditions must be met:
● The transmission is in the neutral
position.
● The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the
sidestand up.
EW000054
_
_
WARNING
Before starting the engine,
check the function of the ignition circuit cut-off system according to the procedure
described on page 3-17.
● Never ride with the sidestand
down.
●
_
_
5-1
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
ECA00103
_
1. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”.
2. Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch is
set to “ ”.
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
4. Turn the starter (choke) on and
completely close the throttle. (See
page 3-9 for starter (choke) operation.)
5. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.
NOTE:
When the transmission is in the neutral
position, the neutral indicator light
should be on, otherwise have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, wait a few seconds, and
then try again. Each starting attempt
should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on any one
attempt.
_
_
_
_
5-2
_
CAUTION:
● The oil level warning light
should come on when the key is
turned to “ON”, and then go off
after two to three seconds. If the
oil level warning light flickers or
remains on after starting, immediately stop the engine, and
then check the engine oil level
and the vehicle for oil leakage. If
necessary, add engine oil, and
then check the warning light
again. If the warning light does
not come on when turning the
key to “ON”, or if it does not go
off after starting the engine with
sufficient engine oil, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
● The engine trouble warning
light should also come on when
the key is turned to “ON”. If the
warning light does not come on
when the key is turned to “ON”,
flashes or remains on after
starting the engine, have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
5
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
6. After starting the engine, move the
starter (choke) back halfway.
ECA00055
CAUTION:
For maximum engine life, always
warm the engine up before starting
off. Never accelerate hard when the
engine is cold!
_
EAU01258
Starting a warm engine
Follow the same procedure as for starting a cold engine with the exception
that the starter (choke) is not required
when the engine is warm.
_
7. When the engine is warm, turn the
starter (choke) off.
1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral position
EAU00423
5
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it responds
normally to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off. To avoid the possibility of excessive exhaust emissions,
never leave the starter (choke) on longer than necessary. The time necessary
for starter (choke) use depends upon
the ambient temperature. Temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) require about
7 seconds of starter (choke) use and
temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) require about 35 seconds with the starter
(choke) turned on, then about 2.5 minutes with the starter (choke) in the halfway position.
Shifting
_
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc.
The gear positions are shown in the
illustration.
NOTE:
To shift the transmission into the neutral position, press the shift pedal down
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its
travel, and then slightly raise it.
_
_
_
5-3
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EC000048
_
_
CAUTION:
● Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long distances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may damage
the transmission.
● Always use the clutch while
changing gears to avoid damaging the engine, transmission,
and drive train, which are not
designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting.
EAU02988
EAU00427
To start out and accelerate
1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
the clutch.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out.
3. Open the throttle gradually, and at
the same time, release the clutch
lever slowly.
4. At the recommended shift points
shown in the table on page 5-5,
close the throttle, and at the same
time, quickly pull the clutch lever
in.
5. Shift the transmission into second
gear. (Make sure not to shift the
transmission into the neutral position.)
6. Open the throttle part way and
gradually release the clutch lever.
7. Follow the same procedure when
shifting to the next higher gear.
To decelerate
1. Apply both the front and the rear
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear when the motorcycle reaches
25 km/h (15.5 mi/h). If the engine
is about to stall or runs very roughly, pull the clutch lever in and use
the brakes to stop the motorcycle.
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position when the motorcycle
is almost completely stopped. The
neutral indicator light should come
on.
NOTE:
Always shift gears at the recommended shift points.
_
_
5-4
5
U5KS10.book Page 5 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU01128
EAU02974
Recommended shift points
The recommended shift points during
acceleration and deceleration are
shown in the table below.
CF-04E
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5
→
→
→
→
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Acceleration
shift point
km/h (mi/h)
Deceleration
shift point
km/h (mi/h)
20 (12.4)
30 (18.6)
40 (24.9)
50 (31.1)
—
25 (15.5)
25 (15.5)
25 (15.5)
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1,600 km (1,000 mi).
For this reason, you should read the
following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1,600 km (1,000 mi). The various parts
in the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating clearances. During this period, prolonged
full-throttle operation or any condition
that might result in engine overheating
must be avoided.
EAU01171*
0–1,000 km (0–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation
1/3 throttle.
above
1,000–1,600 km (600–1,000 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above
1/2 throttle.
EC000056*
CAUTION:
After 1,000 km (600 mi) of operation,
the engine oil and final gear oil must
be changed, and the oil filter element replaced.
_
_
1,600 km (1,000 mi) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated
normally.
EC000049
CAUTION:
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
_
_
5-5
U5KS10.book Page 6 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU00457
Parking
When parking, stop the engine, remove the key from the main switch,
and then turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
EW000058
_
WARNING
Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them.
● Do not park on a slope or on
soft ground, otherwise the
motorcycle may overturn.
●
5
_
5-6
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Periodic maintenance ..........................................6-1
Owner’s tool kit ....................................................6-1
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission
control system ...................................................6-3
General maintenance and lubrication chart .........6-4
Removing and installing the panel .......................6-7
Checking the spark plugs ....................................6-8
Canister (for California only) ................................6-9
Engine oil ...........................................................6-10
Final gear oil ......................................................6-12
Cleaning the air filter element ............................6-13
Adjusting the carburetors ...................................6-14
Adjusting the throttle cable free play ..................6-15
Adjusting the valve clearance ............................6-15
Tires ...................................................................6-15
Cast wheels .......................................................6-17
Accessories and replacement parts ..................6-18
Adjusting the clutch lever free play ....................6-19
Adjusting the brake lever free play .....................6-19
Adjusting the brake pedal position .....................6-21
Adjusting the rear brake light switch ..................6-21
Checking the front and rear brake pads .............6-22
Checking the brake fluid level ............................ 6-23
Changing the brake fluid ................................... 6-24
Checking and lubricating the cables ................. 6-24
Checking and lubricating the throttle grip and
cable ............................................................... 6-24
Checking and lubricating the brake and
shift pedals ...................................................... 6-25
Checking and lubricating the brake and
clutch levers .................................................... 6-25
Checking and lubricating the sidestand ............ 6-25
Lubricating the rear suspension ........................ 6-26
Checking the front fork ...................................... 6-26
Checking the steering ....................................... 6-27
Checking the wheel bearings ............................ 6-27
Battery ............................................................... 6-28
Replacing the fuses .......................................... 6-29
Replacing the headlight bulb ............................. 6-31
Replacing a turn signal light bulb or
the tail/brake light bulb .................................... 6-33
Supporting the motorcycle ................................ 6-33
Troubleshooting ................................................. 6-34
Troubleshooting chart ........................................ 6-35
6
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00462
6-
EAU01790
Safety is an obligation of the owner.
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition possible. The most important points of
motorcycle inspection, adjustment, and
lubrication are explained on the following pages.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair
of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
repair establishment or individual
that is certified (if applicable).
EW000060
6
WARNING
If you are not familiar with motorcycle maintenance work, have a
Yamaha dealer do it for you.
_
_
EAU00467
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PROPER PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
OF YOUR MOTORCYCLE IS IMPORTANT IN ORDER TO ENJOY LONG,
PLEASURABLE SERVICE. ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT ARE THE
MAINTENANCE SERVICES RELATED TO EMISSIONS CONTROL.
THESE CONTROLS NOT ONLY
FUNCTION TO ENSURE CLEANER
AIR, BUT ARE ALSO VITAL TO
PROPER ENGINE OPERATION AND
MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE. IN THE
FOLLOWING PERIODIC MAINTENANCE CHARTS, THE SERVICES
RELATED TO EMISSIONS CONTROL ARE GROUPED SEPARATELY. THESE SERVICES REQUIRE
SPECIALIZED DATA, KNOWLEDGE,
AND EQUIPMENT. YAMAHA DEALERS ARE TRAINED AND EQUIPPED
TO PERFORM THESE PARTICULAR
SERVICES.
6-1
1. Owner’s tool kit
EAU04220
Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located inside
the storage compartment. (See
page 3-12 for storage compartment
opening procedures.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. However, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
_
_
EW000062
WARNING
Modifications not approved by
Yamaha may cause loss of performance, excessive emissions, and
render the vehicle unsafe for use.
Consult a Yamaha dealer before attempting any changes.
_
_
6
6-2
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00471
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
INITIAL
No.
REMARKS
4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months
8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months
12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months
16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months
20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months
√
√
√
√
√
√
Valve clearance
• Check and adjust valve clearance when
engine is cold.
2
Spark plugs
• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
• Replace at 8,000 mi (13,000 km) or
12 months and thereafter every 8,000 mi
(13,000 km) or 12 months.
√
Replace.
√
Replace.
√
3 *
Crankcase
ventilation system
• Check ventilation hose for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
4 *
Fuel line
• Check fuel hoses for cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
5 *
Fuel filter
• Replace initial 20,000 mi (31,000 km) and
thereafter every 20,000 mi (31,000 km).
6 *
Exhaust system
• Check for leakage.
• Tighten if necessary.
• Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
7 *
Carburetor
synchronization
• Adjust synchronization of carburetors.
8 *
Idle speed
• Check and adjust engine idle speed.
• Adjust cable free play.
9 *
Evaporative
emission control
system**
• Check control system for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
1 *
6
ITEM
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
** California only.
6-3
√
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00472
General maintenance and lubrication chart
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
1
2
*
3
REMARKS
8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months
12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months
16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months
20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months
√
√
√
√
√
• Replace.
• Warm engine before draining.
√
Engine oil filter
element
• Replace.
√
• Clean or replace if necessary.
4
*
Brake system
• Check operation, fluid level, and fluid
leakage.
• Correct accordingly.
• Replace pads if necessary.
5
*
Clutch
• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.
6
*
Final gear oil
• Check oil level and leakage.
• Replace at initial 600 mi (1,000 km) or
1 month and thereafter every 16,000 mi
(25,000 km) or 24 months.
• Hypoid gear oil SAE 80 (API GL4)
7
*
Control and meter
cables
• Apply chain lube thoroughly.
• Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or engine
oil SAE10W-30 (API SE)
8
*
Swingarm pivot shaft
• Check swingarm pivot for play.
• Correct if necessary.
• Moderately repack every 16,000 mi
(25,000 km) or 24 months with lithiumsoap-based grease.
9
*
Rear suspension link
pivots
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
Brake and clutch
lever pivot shafts
• Apply chain lube thoroughly.
• Lithium-soap-based grease
10
4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months
Engine oil
Air filter element
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
6
Replace.
√
√
Check.
√
√
√
√
√
Repack.
√
√
6-4
√
√
√
√
√
U5KS10.book Page 5 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.
REMARKS
ODOMETER READINGS
4,000 mi
(7,000 km)
or
6 months
8,000 mi
(13,000 km)
or
12 months
12,000 mi
(19,000 km)
or
18 months
16,000 mi
(25,000 km)
or
24 months
20,000 mi
(31,000 km)
or
30 months
11
Brake pedal and shift
pedal shafts
• Apply chain lube thoroughly.
• Lithium-soap-based grease
√
√
√
√
√
12
Sidestand pivot
• Check operation.
• Lubricate and repair if necessary.
• Lithium-soap-based grease
√
√
√
√
√
Front fork
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Correct accordingly.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Repack.
√
13
6
ITEM
600 mi
(1,000 km)
or
1 month
*
14
*
Steering bearings
• Check bearing play and steering for smooth
operation.
• Correct if necessary.
• Moderately repack every 16,000 mi
(25,000 km) or 24 months with lithiumsoap-based grease.
15
*
Wheel bearings
• Check bearings for looseness and damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
16
*
Wheels
• Check runout and for damage.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
17
*
Sidestand switch
• Check operation.
• Replace if necessary.
18
*
Tires
• Check tire tread wear and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
19
*
Shock absorber
assembly
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
20
*
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
*
Throttle grip housing
and cable
• Check operation and free play.
• Adjust the throttle cable free play if
necessary.
• Lubricate the throttle grip housing and
cable.
√
√
√
√
√
21
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
6-5
U5KS10.book Page 6 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03907
NOTE:
From 24,000 mi (37,000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 4,000 mi (7,000 km) or 6 months.
_
_
EAU04249
NOTE:
● The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
● Hydraulic brake service
• After disassembling the brake master cylinders and calipers, always change the fluid. Regularly check the brake fluid
levels and fill the reservoirs as required.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinders and calipers, and change the brake
fluid.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years and if cracked or damaged.
_
_
6
6-6
U5KS10.book Page 7 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Panel A
1. Bolt
EAU01777
Removing and installing the
panel
6
The panel shown above needs to be
removed to perform some of the maintenance jobs described in this chapter.
Refer to this section each time the panel needs to be removed and installed.
EAU00491
Panel A
To remove the panel
Remove the bolt, and then pull the panel off as shown.
6-7
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the bolt.
U5KS10.book Page 8 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
If any spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be defective. Do not attempt to diagnose such
problems yourself. Instead, have a
Yamaha dealer check the motorcycle.
_
_
1. Spark plug cover
1. Spark plug wrench
EAU01673
Checking the spark plugs
The spark plugs are important engine
components, which are easy to check.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark
plugs should be removed and checked
in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
the condition of the spark plugs can reveal the condition of the engine.
To remove a spark plug
1. Remove the appropriate spark
plug cover (rear right or front left)
by pulling it off as shown.
2. Remove the spark plug cap.
3. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench included in the owner’s tool kit.
To check the spark plugs
1. Check that the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode on
each spark plug is a medium-tolight tan (the ideal color when the
motorcycle is ridden normally).
2. Check that all spark plugs installed
in the engine have the same color.
6-8
3. Check each spark plug for electrode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and replace
it if necessary.
Specified spark plug:
BPR7ES (NGK) or
W22EPR-U (DENSO)
6
U5KS10.book Page 9 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14.5 ft·lbf)
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn
past finger tight. However, the spark
plug should be tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.
_
a. Spark plug gap
6
To install a spark plug
1. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
EAU01796
Canister (for California only)
_
4. Install the spark plug cap.
5. Place the spark plug cover in the
original position.
Spark plug gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.02–0.03 in)
2. Clean the surface of the spark
plug gasket and its mating surface, and then wipe off any grime
from the spark plug threads.
3. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
6-9
This model is equipped with a canister
to prevent the discharging of fuel vapor
into the atmosphere.
● Check each hose connection.
● Check each hose and canister for
cracks or damage. Replace if
damaged.
● Make sure the vent hose is not
blocked. Clean it if necessary.
U5KS10.book Page 10 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU04618
Engine oil
The engine oil level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the oil
must be changed and the oil filter element replaced at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
NOTE:
Make sure that the motorcycle is positioned straight up when checking the oil
level. A slight tilt to the side can result in
a false reading.
1. Engine oil level check window
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, and then check the oil level
through the check window located
at the bottom-left side of the crankcase.
_
_
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
_
_
4. If the engine oil is below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil
of the recommended type to raise
it to the correct level.
6-10
1. Engine oil filler cap
To change the engine oil
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
2. Place an oil pan under the engine
to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and drain bolt to drain the oil from
the crankcase.
6
U5KS10.book Page 11 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
ECA00133
Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Periodic oil change:
3.0 L (2.64 Imp qt, 3.17 US qt)
Total amount (dry engine):
3.6 L (3.17 Imp qt, 3.81 US qt)
_
1. Engine oil drain bolt
4. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and
then tighten it to the specified
torque.
6
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
43 Nm (4.3 m·kgf, 31 ft·lbf)
CAUTION:
● In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives. Do
not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a
higher quality than specified. In
addition, do not use oils labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
higher.
● Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
_
6. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking,
immediately turn the engine off
and check for the cause.
5. Add the specified amount of the
recommended engine oil, and
then install and tighten the oil filler
cap.
NOTE:
After the engine is started, the engine
oil level warning light should go off if the
oil level is sufficient.
_
_
6-11
U5KS10.book Page 12 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000067
CAUTION:
If the oil level warning light flickers
or remains on, immediately turn the
engine off and have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
_
_
7. Turn the engine off, and then
check the oil level and correct it if
necessary.
NOTE:
Have a Yamaha dealer replace the oil
filter element when necessary.
EAU04083
Final gear oil
The final gear case must be checked
for oil leakage before each ride. If any
leakage is found, have a Yamaha dealer check and repair the motorcycle. In
addition, the final gear oil level must be
checked and the oil changed as follows
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
EW000066
_
_
WARNING
Make sure that no foreign material enters the final gear case.
● Make sure that no oil gets on
the tire or wheel.
●
_
1. Final gear oil drain bolt
2. Final gear oil filler bolt
3. Correct oil level
To check the final gear oil level
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
_
NOTE:
● The final gear oil level must be
checked on a cold engine.
● Make sure that the motorcycle is
positioned straight up when
checking the oil level. A slight tilt to
the side can result in a false reading.
_
_
6-12
2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then
check the oil level in the final gear
case.
6
U5KS10.book Page 13 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
The oil level should be at the brim of
the filler hole.
Recommended final gear oil:
Hypoid gear oil SAE 80 (API GL4)
or multi-grade hypoid gear oil
SAE 80W-90
Oil quantity:
0.2 L (0.18 Imp qt, 0.21 US qt)
_
_
3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the
correct level.
NOTE:
GL4 is a quality rating. Hypoid gear oils
rated GL5 or GL6 may also be used.
_
6
To change the final gear oil
1. Place an oil pan under the final
gear case to collect the used oil.
2. Remove the oil filler bolt and drain
bolt to drain the oil from the final
gear case.
3. Install the final gear oil drain bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified
torque.
1. Air filter case cover
2. Screw (× 3)
_
5. Install and tighten the oil filler bolt.
6. Check the final gear case for oil
leakage. If oil is leaking, check for
the cause.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil drain bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 16.5 ft·lbf)
4. Add the recommended final gear
oil to the brim of the filler hole.
6-13
EAU03195*
Cleaning the air filter element
The air filter element should be cleaned
as follows at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Clean the air filter element
more frequently if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
1. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
2. Pull the air filter element out.
U5KS10.book Page 14 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00628
Adjusting the carburetors
3. Lightly tap the air filter element to
remove most of the dust and dirt,
and then blow the remaining dirt
out with compressed air as shown.
If the air filter element is damaged,
replace it.
The carburetors are important parts of
the engine and emission control system, which require very sophisticated
adjustment. Therefore, all carburetor
adjustments should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.
1. Air filter element
2. Projection (× 3)
3. Slot (× 3)
4. Insert the air filter element into the
air filter case as shown.
EC000082*
_
CAUTION:
● Make sure that the air filter element is properly seated in the
air filter case.
● The engine should never be operated without the air filter element installed, otherwise the
pistons and/or cylinders may
become excessively worn.
_
5. Install the air filter case cover by
installing the screws.
6-14
6
U5KS10.book Page 15 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00637
Tires
The valve clearance changes with use,
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified tires.
a. Throttle cable free play
EAU00635
Adjusting the throttle cable
free play
6
EAU04855*
Adjusting the valve clearance
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be
checked and, if necessary, adjusted
before each ride.
EW000082
_
The throttle cable free play should
measure 4–6 mm (0.16–0.24 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
_
6-15
WARNING
● The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
● The tire air pressure must be
adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.
U5KS10.book Page 16 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000083
Tire air pressure
(measured on cold tires)
Load*
Front
WARNING
Proper loading of your motorcycle
is important for several characteristics of your motorcycle, such as
handling, braking, performance and
safety. Do not carry loosely packed
items that can shift. Securely pack
your heaviest items close to the
center of the motorcycle, and distribute the weight evenly from side
to side. Properly adjust the suspension for your load, and check the
condition and pressure of your tires.
NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR MOTORCYCLE. Make sure that the total
weight of the cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories (cowling, saddlebags, etc. if approved for this
model) does not exceed the maximum load of the motorcycle. Operation of an overloaded motorcycle
could cause tire damage, an accident, or even injury.
_
Rear
Up to 90 kg (198 lb)
225 kPa
250 kPa
(2.25 kgf/cm2, (2.50 kgf/cm2,
33 psi)
36 psi)
90 kg (198 lb)–
maximum
225 kPa
250 kPa
(2.25 kgf/cm2, (2.50 kgf/cm2,
33 psi)
36 psi)
Maximum load*
203 kg (448 lb)
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories
_
6-16
1. Tire sidewall
2. Tire wear indicator
a. Tire tread depth
Tire inspection
Always check the tires before operating
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth),
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments
in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, contact a Yamaha dealer immediately and
have the tire replaced.
6
U5KS10.book Page 17 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
_
EW000078
EAU00682
WARNING
● The front and rear tires should
be of the same make and design, otherwise the handling
characteristics of the motorcycle cannot be guaranteed.
● After extensive tests, only the
tires listed below have been approved for this model by
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
WARNING
● It is dangerous to ride with a
worn-out tire. When a tire tread
begins to show crosswise lines,
have a Yamaha dealer replace
the tire immediately.
● The replacement of all wheeland brake-related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience.
_
_
CE-10E
FRONT
Manufacturer
Size
Model
Bridgestone 130/90-16 M/C 67S EXEDRA G703
6
Dunlop
130/90-16 M/C 67S
D404F
Size
Model
_
REAR
Manufacturer
Bridgestone 170/80-15 M/C 77S EXEDRA G702
Dunlop
170/80-15 M/C 77S
D404G
CE-11E
Minimum tire tread depth
(front and rear)
1.0 mm (0.04 in)
6-17
EAU03773
Cast wheels
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified wheels.
● The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends or warpage before each ride. If any damage is
found, have a Yamaha dealer replace the wheel. Do not attempt
even the smallest repair to the
wheel. A deformed or cracked
wheel must be replaced.
● The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
● Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire surface must first be “broken in” for it
to develop its optimal characteristics.
U5KS10.book Page 18 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00691
Accessories and replacement
parts
by the use of items which have not
been approved by Yamaha.
_
EW000098
WARNING
This motorcycle is not designed to
pull a trailer or to be attached to a
sidecar. The accessories or replacement parts you choose for your
motorcycle should be designed specifically for this model, and they
must be securely mounted to maintain the inherent stability of the original design. Genuine Yamaha Parts
and Accessories are designed and
tested to be compatible with your
motorcycle. Please consider Genuine Yamaha Parts and Accessories
before making a purchase. Use of
non-Yamaha-approved accessories
or replacement parts may cause
loss of handling stability and riding
safety. Since Yamaha cannot control the quality of accessories or
parts manufactured by other companies, Yamaha cannot be held liable for any consequences caused
_
6
6-18
U5KS10.book Page 19 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3. Tighten the locknut.
NOTE:
If the specified free play cannot be obtained as described above or if the
clutch does not operate correctly, have
a Yamaha dealer check the internal
clutch mechanism.
_
_
1. Locknut
2. Clutch lever free play adjusting bolt
c. Clutch lever free play
a. Brake lever free play
EAU00696
Adjusting the brake lever free
play
EAU00692
6
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play
The brake lever free play should measure 5–8 mm (0.2–0.3 in) as shown.
Periodically check the brake lever free
play and, if necessary, adjust it as
follows.
The clutch lever free play should measure 5–10 mm (0.2–0.4 in) as shown.
Periodically check the clutch lever free
play and, if necessary, adjust it as
follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch
lever.
2. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in direction a. To decrease the clutch
lever free play, turn the adjusting
bolt in direction b.
6-19
U5KS10.book Page 20 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000099
_
1. Locknut
2. Brake lever free play adjusting bolt
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake
lever.
2. To increase the brake lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in direction a. To decrease the brake
lever free play, turn the adjusting
bolt in direction b.
3. Tighten the locknut.
WARNING
● After adjusting the brake lever
free play, check the free play
and make sure that the brake is
working properly.
● A soft or spongy feeling in the
brake lever can indicate the
presence of air in the hydraulic
system. If there is air in the hydraulic system, have a Yamaha
dealer bleed the system before
operating the motorcycle. Air in
the hydraulic system will diminish the braking performance,
which may result in loss of control and an accident.
_
6-20
6
U5KS10.book Page 21 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EW000109
WARNING
A soft or spongy feeling in the brake
pedal can indicate the presence of
air in the hydraulic system. If there
is air in the hydraulic system, have a
Yamaha dealer bleed the system before operating the motorcycle. Air in
the hydraulic system will diminish
the braking performance, which
may result in loss of control and an
accident.
_
a. Distance between brake pedal and footrest
EAU01746
Adjusting the brake pedal
position
6
_
The top of the brake pedal should be
positioned approximately 99 mm
(3.9 in) above the top of the footrest as
shown. Periodically check the brake
pedal position and, if necessary, have
a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
1. Rear brake light switch
2. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut
EAU00713
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch
The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the brake pedal, is properly
adjusted when the brake light comes
on just before braking takes effect. If
necessary, adjust the brake light switch
as follows.
Turn the adjusting nut while holding the
rear brake light switch in place. To
make the brake light come on earlier,
turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To
make the brake light come on later,
turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
6-21
U5KS10.book Page 22 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Front
Rear
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
EAU01314
Checking the front and rear
brake pads
The front and rear brake pads must be
checked for wear at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and
lubrication chart. Each brake pad is
provided with a wear indicator groove,
which allows you to check the brake
pad wear without having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
indicator groove has almost disappeared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake pads as a set.
6-22
6
U5KS10.book Page 23 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Front brake
1. Minimum level mark
2. Brake fluid reservoir
1. Minimum level mark
2. Brake fluid reservoir
EAU04856
Checking the brake fluid level
6
●
Rear brake
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to
enter the brake system, possibly causing it to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark and
replenish if necessary. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads
and/or brake system leakage. If the
brake fluid level is low, be sure to check
the brake pads for wear and the brake
system for leakage.
Observe these precautions:
● When checking the fluid level,
make sure that the top of the brake
fluid reservoir is level.
●
Use only the recommended quality brake fluid, otherwise the rubber
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor braking performance.
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
●
Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor braking performance.
6-23
Be careful that water does not enter the brake fluid reservoir when
refilling. Water will significantly
lower the boiling point of the fluid
and may result in vapor lock.
● Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
● As the brake pads wear, it is normal for the brake fluid level to
gradually go down. However, if the
brake fluid level goes down suddenly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the cause.
U5KS10.book Page 24 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03976
Changing the brake fluid
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the NOTE after the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
have the oil seals of the master cylinders and calipers as well as the brake
hoses replaced at the intervals listed
below or whenever they are damaged
or leaking.
● Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
● Brake hoses: Replace every four
years.
EAU03297
EAU04034
Checking and lubricating the
cables
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
The operation of all control cables and
the condition of the cables should be
checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is damaged
or does not move smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it.
The operation of the throttle grip should
be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubricated or
replaced at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube
or engine oil SAE 10W-30
(API SE)
EW000111
WARNING
Damage to the outer housing of cables may result in internal rusting
and cause interference with cable
movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as possible to prevent
unsafe conditions.
_
_
6-24
6
U5KS10.book Page 25 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03370
6
EAU03164
EAU03165
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand
The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before each
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before each
ride, and the lever pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
The operation of the sidestand should
be checked before each ride, and the
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal
contact surfaces should be lubricated if
necessary.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
EW000113
WARNING
If the sidestand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair it.
_
_
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
6-25
U5KS10.book Page 26 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02939
Checking the front fork
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the condition
EW000115
WARNING
Securely support the motorcycle so
that there is no danger of it falling
over.
_
EAU04282
Lubricating the rear
suspension
The pivoting points of the rear suspension must be lubricated at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
_
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
To check the operation
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars several times to check if the
front fork compresses and rebounds smoothly.
EC000098
CAUTION:
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
_
_
6-26
6
U5KS10.book Page 27 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00794
Checking the wheel bearings
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place a stand under the engine to
raise the front wheel off the
ground.
The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the wheel bearings.
EW000115
WARNING
Securely support the motorcycle so
that there is no danger of it falling
over.
_
6
EAU01144
Checking the steering
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
_
6-27
U5KS10.book Page 28 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for
15 minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
● Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
● KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
EAU04242
Battery
The battery is located behind panel A.
(See page 6-7 for panel removal and
installation procedures.)
This motorcycle is equipped with a
sealed-type (MF) battery, which does
not require any maintenance. There is
no need to check the electrolyte or to
add distilled water.
EC000101
CAUTION:
Never attempt to remove the battery
cell seals, as this would permanently damage the battery.
_
_
EW000116
_
WARNING
● Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
_
To charge the battery
Have a Yamaha dealer charge the battery as soon as possible if it seems to
have discharged. Keep in mind that the
battery tends to discharge more quickly
if the motorcycle is equipped with optional electrical accessories.
6-28
To store the battery
1. If the motorcycle will not be used
for more than one month, remove
the battery, fully charge it, and
then place it in a cool, dry place.
2. If the battery will be stored for
more than two months, check it at
least once a month and fully
charge it if necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before installation.
6
U5KS10.book Page 29 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EC000102
_
1. Positive terminal
2. Negative terminal
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly connected to the battery terminals.
6
CAUTION:
keep the battery
● Always
charged. Storing a discharged
battery can cause permanent
battery damage.
● To charge a sealed-type (MF)
battery, a special (constantvoltage) battery charger is required. Using a conventional
battery charger will damage the
battery. If you do not have access to a sealed-type (MF) battery charger, have a Yamaha
dealer charge your battery.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Fuse box
Headlight fuse
Signaling system fuse
Ignition fuse
Carburetor heater fuse
Backup fuse (odometer)
Spare fuse (× 3)
EAU04210
Replacing the fuses
_
The main fuse is located under the ignitor unit panel.
The fuse box, which contains the fuses
for the individual circuits, is located inside the storage compartment. (See
page 3-11 for storage compartment
cover removal and installation procedures.)
6-29
U5KS10.book Page 30 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
Backup fuse (odometer):
Ignition fuse:
Headlight fuse:
Carburetor heater fuse:
Signaling system fuse :
30 A
5A
10 A
15 A
15 A
10 A
EC000103
1. Quick fastener (× 3)
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
NOTE:
Include steps 1–3 and 9–10 only for the
main fuse.
_
_
1. Remove the rider seat. (See
page 3-10 for rider seat removal
and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the quick fasteners
shown by pushing the center in
with a screwdriver, then pulling the
fastener out.
1. Ignitor unit panel
2. Spare main fuse
3. Main fuse
CAUTION:
Do not use a fuse of a higher amperage rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to
the electrical system and possibly a
fire.
_
3. Pull the ignitor unit panel outward
to the right.
4. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
5. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage.
6-30
_
6. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
7. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
8. Install the storage compartment
cover.
6
U5KS10.book Page 31 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
After removal
Before installation
1. Quick fastener
2. Pin
9. Place the ignitor unit panel in the
original position and install the
quick fasteners.
6
NOTE:
To install a quick fastener, push its pin
back so that it will protrude from the
fastener head, then insert the fastener
and push the protruding pin in until it is
flush with the fastener head.
_
1. Screw (× 2)
1. Headlight bulb holder
3. Unhook the headlight bulb holder,
and then remove the defective
bulb.
EAU04189
Replacing the headlight bulb
This motorcycle is equipped with a
quartz bulb headlight. If the headlight
bulb burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the headlight unit by removing the screws.
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
and then remove the bulb cover.
EW000119
WARNING
Headlight bulbs get very hot. Therefore, keep flammable products away
from a lit headlight bulb, and do not
touch the bulb until it has cooled
down.
_
_
_
4. Place a new headlight bulb into
position, and then secure it with
the bulb holder.
10. Install the rider seat.
6-31
U5KS10.book Page 32 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
5. Install the headlight bulb cover,
and then connect the coupler.
6. Install the headlight unit by installing the screws.
7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
EC000105
CAUTION:
Do not touch the glass part of the
headlight bulb to keep it free from
oil, otherwise the transparency of
the glass, the luminosity of the bulb,
and the bulb life will be adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt
and fingerprints on the headlight
bulb using a cloth moistened with
alcohol or thinner.
_
6
_
6-32
U5KS10.book Page 33 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01579
Supporting the motorcycle
1. Screw (× 2)
1. Screw (× 3)
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws.
EAU00855
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb or the tail/brake light
bulb
6
1. Remove the lens by removing the
screws.
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
EC000108
CAUTION:
Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.
_
_
6-33
Since this model is not equipped with a
centerstand, follow these precautions
when removing the front and rear
wheel or performing other maintenance requiring the motorcycle to
stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a stable and level position
before starting any maintenance. A
strong wooden box can be placed under the engine for added stability.
To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle
by using a motorcycle stand or, if
an additional motorcycle stand is
not available, by placing a jack under the frame in front of the rear
wheel.
2. Raise the front wheel off the
ground by using a motorcycle
stand.
U5KS10.book Page 34 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
To service the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motorcycle stand is not available, by placing
a jack either under each side of the
frame in front of the rear wheel or under
each side of the swingarm.
EAU01008
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look
like Yamaha parts, but they are often
inferior, have a shorter service life and
can lead to expensive repair bills.
6-34
6
U5KS10.book Page 35 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01297
Troubleshooting chart
EW000125
WARNING
Keep away open flames and do not smoke while checking or working on the fuel system.
_
_
1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.
Check the compression.
There is no fuel.
Supply fuel.
There is compression.
Check the ignition.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
The engine does not start.
Check the compression.
2. Compression
Operate the electric starter.
6
3. Ignition
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs.
Open the throttle halfway and operate
the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
Remove the spark plugs
and check the electrodes.
4. Battery
The engine turns over
quickly.
The battery is good.
The engine turns over
slowly.
Check the battery lead connections,
and charge the battery if necessary.
Operate the electric starter.
6-35
The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Care .................................................................................................. 7-1
Storage .............................................................................................. 7-4
7
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
EAU03412
7-
Care
While the open design of a motorcycle
reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop
even if high-quality components are
used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts
from the overall appearance of a
motorcycle. Frequent and proper care
does not only comply with the terms of
the warranty, but it will also keep your
motorcycle looking good, extend its life
and optimize its performance.
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug caps, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such products onto seals, gaskets and
wheel axles. Always rinse the dirt
and degreaser off with water.
7
7-1
Cleaning
ECA00010
_
CAUTION:
● Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a
corrosion protection spray.
● Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use
only a soft, clean cloth or
sponge with mild detergent and
water to clean plastic.
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
●
Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
● Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors, instruments, switches and lights), breather hoses
and vents.
●
For motorcycles equipped with
a windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning
compounds for plastic may
leave scratches on the windshield. Test the product on a
small hidden part of the windshield to make sure that it does
not leave any marks. If the windshield is scratched, use a quality plastic polishing compound
after washing.
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads
during winter are extremely corrosive in
combination with water, carry out the
following steps after each ride in the
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
roads.
NOTE:
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
remain well into spring.
_
_
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold
water and a mild detergent, after
the engine has cooled down.
_
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.
7-2
ECA00012
CAUTION:
Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the
salt.
_
_
2. After drying the motorcycle, apply
a corrosion protection spray on all
metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent
corrosion.
7
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
7
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
or an absorbing cloth.
2. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
3. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
4. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
5. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
6. Wax all painted surfaces.
7. Let the motorcycle dry completely
before storing or covering it.
EWA00031
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on
what products to use.
_
_
WARNING
● Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires.
● If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent. Before riding at higher
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
braking performance and cornering behavior.
_
ECA00013
_
CAUTION:
● Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
● Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
● Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.
_
7-3
_
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Storage
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover.
ECA00014
_
_
CAUTION:
● Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still
wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.
● To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. For motorcycles equipped with a
fuel cock that has an “OFF” position: Turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
3. Drain the carburetor float chambers by loosening the drain bolts;
this will prevent fuel deposits from
building up. Pour the drained fuel
into the fuel tank.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug caps
and spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine
oil into each spark plug bore.
7-4
c. Install the spark plug caps onto
the spark plugs, and then place
the spark plugs on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder walls with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug caps
from the spark plugs, and then
install the spark plugs and the
spark plug caps.
EWA00003
WARNING
To prevent damage or injury from
sparking, make sure to ground the
spark plug electrodes while turning
the engine over.
_
_
6. Lubricate all control cables and
the pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/
centerstand.
7
U5KS10.book Page 5 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
8. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags to prevent moisture from
entering them.
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a month.
Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place (less
than 0 °C [30 °F] or more than
30 °C [90 °F] ). For more information on storing the battery, see
page 6-28.
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
_
_
7
7-5
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications .................................................................................... 8-1
8
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
EAU01038
8-
Specifications
CS-01E
Model
XVS1100AW/XVS1100AT
Engine oil
Type
Dimensions
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
945 mm (37.2 in)
710 mm (28 in)
Wheelbase
1,645 mm (64.8 in)
Minimum turning radius
Basic weight (with oil and full
fuel tank)
10
30
50
70
90
110 130 ˚F
YAMALUBE 4 (10W-30)
or SAE 10W-30
1,095 mm (43.1 in)
Seat height
Ground clearance
0
2,460 mm (96.9 in)
YAMALUBE 4 (20W-40)
or SAE 20W-40
140 mm (5.5 in)
-20 -10
3,400 mm (133.9 in)
Recommended engine oil
classification
285 kg (628 lb)
0
10
20
30
40
50 ˚C
API Service SE, SF, SG or
higher
Engine
Engine type
8
CAUTION:
Air-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Cylinder arrangement
V type 2-cylinder
Displacement
1,063 cm3
Bore × stroke
95.0 × 75.0 mm (3.74 × 2.95 in)
Compression ratio
8.3:1
Starting system
Electric starter
Lubrication system
Wet sump
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical additives. Do
not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a
higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher.
Quantity
Without oil filter element
replacement
8-1
3.0 L (2.64 Imp qt, 3.17 US qt)
With oil filter element
replacement
3.1 L (2.73 Imp qt, 3.28 US qt)
Total amount (dry engine)
3.6 L (3.17 Imp qt, 3.81 US qt)
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Final gear oil
Type
Quantity
Air filter
Gear ratio
Hypoid gear oil SAE 80 (API
GL4) or multi-grade hypoid gear
oil SAE 80W-90
0.2 L (0.18 Imp qt, 0.21 US qt)
Dry element
Fuel
Type
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity
17 L (3.74 Imp gal, 4.49 US gal)
Fuel reserve amount
4.5 L (0.99 Imp gal, 1.19 US gal)
MIKUNI
Model × quantity
BSR37 × 2
Gap
Clutch type
1.667
3rd
1.286
4th
1.032
5th
0.853
Frame type
Double cradle
Caster angle
33°
Trail
132 mm (5.2 in)
Tires
Front
Spark plug
Manufacturer/model
2.353
2nd
Chassis
Carburetor
Manufacturer
1st
NGK / BPR7ES or
DENSO / W22EPR-U
Type
Tubeless tire
Size
130/90-16 M/C 67S
Manufacturer/
model
0.7–0.8 mm (0.02–0.03 in)
Bridgestone / EXEDRA G703
Dunlop / D404F
Wet, multiple-disc
8
Rear
Transmission
Primary reduction system
Spur gear
Primary reduction ratio
1.660
Secondary reduction system
Shaft drive
Secondary reduction ratio
2.875
Transmission type
Constant-mesh 5-speed
Operation
Left foot
Type
Tubeless tire
Size
170/80-15 M/C 77S
Manufacturer/
model
Bridgestone / EXEDRA G702
Dunlop / D404G
8-2
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum load*
203 kg (448 lb)
Rear
Tire air pressure
(measured or cold tires)
Up to 90 kg (198 lb)*
Front
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
Rear
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi)
Rear
250 kPa (2.50 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Right foot
Fluid
DOT 4
Front
Telescopic fork
Rear
Swingarm (link suspension)
Spring/shock absorber
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
Wheels
Front
Coil spring / oil damper
Rear
Coil spring / gas-oil damper
Wheel travel
Front
Type
Cast wheel
Size
16 M/C × MT 3.00
Type
Cast wheel
Size
15 M/C × MT 4.50
Front
140 mm (5.51 in)
Rear
113 mm (4.45 in)
Electrical
Rear
8
Single disc brake
Operation
Suspension
90 kg (198 lb)-maximum*
Front
Type
Ignition system
T.C.I. (digital)
Charging system
Brakes
Front
Type
A.C. magneto
Standard output
14 V, 305 W @ 5,000 r/min
Battery
Type
Dual disc brake
Operation
Right hand
Fluid
DOT 4
Model
GT14B-4
Voltage, capacity
12 V, 12 Ah
Headlight type
8-3
Halogen bulb
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity
Headlight
12 V, 60/55 W × 1
Tail/brake light
12 V, 8/27 W × 1
Front turn signal/position light
12 V, 27/8 W × 2
Rear turn signal light
12 V, 27 W × 2
Meter lighting
14 V, 1.4 W × 2
Oil level warning light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Neutral indicator light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Engine trouble warning light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
High beam indicator light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Fuses
Main fuse
30 A
Signaling system fuse
10 A
Backup fuse (odometer)
5A
Ignition fuse
10 A
Headlight fuse
15 A
Carburetor heater fuse
15 A
8
8-4
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Identification numbers ....................................................................... 9-1
Key identification number .................................................................. 9-1
Vehicle identification number ............................................................. 9-1
Model label ........................................................................................ 9-2
Reporting safety defects ................................................................... 9-3
Motorcycle noise regulation .............................................................. 9-4
Maintenance record .......................................................................... 9-5
STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED WARRANTY .... 9-7
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) ......................................... 9-9
9
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01039
9-
EAU02944
Identification numbers
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen.
1. Key identification number
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
CA-02E
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
EAU01043
EAU01041
Key identification number
Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
stamped into the key tag. Record this
number in the space provided and use
it for reference when ordering a new
key.
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space
provided.
CA-02E
9
1. Vehicle identification number
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in
your area.
_
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
CA-01E
_
9-1
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1. Model label
EAU01804
Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the rider seat. (See page 3-10
for rider seat removal and installation
procedures.) Record the information on
this label in the space provided. This information will be needed when ordering
spare parts from a Yamaha dealer.
9
9-2
U5KS10.book Page 3 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01051
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C.
area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
9
9-3
U5KS10.book Page 4 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01053
Motorcycle noise regulation
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of
the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW”.
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
CL-01E
Exhaust system
Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer
Intake system
Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct
9
9-4
U5KS10.book Page 5 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01874
Maintenance record
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your motorcycle will be required to document that
maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder
that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.
CL-04E
Maintenance
interval
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
600 mi
(1,000 km) or
1 month
4,000 mi
( 7,000 km) or
6 months
8,000 mi
(13,000 km) or
12 months
12,000 mi
(19,000 km) or
18 months
16,000 mi
(25,000 km) or
24 months
9
20,000 mi
(31,000 km) or
30 months
24,000 mi
(37,000 km) or
36 months
9-5
Remarks
U5KS10.book Page 6 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Maintenance
interval
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
Remarks
28,000 mi
(43,000 km) or
42 months
32,000 mi
(49,000 km) or
48 months
36,000 mi
(55,000 km) or
54 months
40,000 mi
(61,000 km) or
60 months
9
9-6
U5KS10.book Page 7 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU02918
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED WARRANTY
9
9-7
U5KS10.book Page 8 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
9
9-8
E_5ks_Consumer.fm Page 9 Wednesday, November 6, 2002 2:46 PM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU04965
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
Keep your Yamaha protected even after your warranty
expires with genuine Yamaha Extended Service (Y.E.S.).
In addition, Travel and Recreation Interruption Protection
(TRIP) is included at no extra cost. TRIP gives you up to
$150 reimbursement per occurrence for any reasonable
expenses you incur because your Yamaha needs
covered service: replacement vehicle rental, emergency
towing, phone calls, even food and lodging when you are
away from home. This superb coverage goes into effect
when you purchase Y.E.S., so it applies to any warranty
repairs as well as covered repairs during your entire
Y.E.S. plan period.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by Yamaha Motor
Corporation to provide maximum owner satisfaction. You
get uninterrupted factory-backed coverage for extra
peace of mind.
Y.E.S. is flexible. You choose the plan that’s right for
you: 12 months, 24 months, 36 months or, on certain
models, even 48 months beyond your warranty period.
Y.E.S. coverage is honored at any authorized Yamaha
dealer nationwide.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by the same
Yamaha people who handle your warranty – and it
shows in the comprehensive coverage benefits. There
are no mileage limitations. Coverage isn’t limited to
“moving parts” or the “drive train” like many other plans.
And Y.E.S. covers manufacturing defects just like the
warranty. See the sample contract at your Yamaha
dealer to see how comforting uninterrupted factorybacked protection can be.
9
Y.E.S. coverage is transferable to a new owner if you
sell or trade-in. That can make your Yamaha much more
valuable!
This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to
Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still
within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your
authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show
you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha
Extended Service.
You don’t have to pay anything for covered repairs.
There’s no deductible to pay, and repairs aren’t
“pro-rated.” You don’t have any “out-of-pocket” expenses
for covered repairs.
9-9
E_5ks_Consumer.fm Page 10 Wednesday, November 6, 2002 2:46 PM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
We urge you to act now. You’ll get the excellent benefits of
TRIP coverage right away, and you’ll rest easy knowing
you’ll have strong factory-backed protection even after your
Yamaha Limited Warranty expires.
A special note:
If visiting your dealer isn’t convenient, contact Yamaha with
your Primary ID number (your frame number). We’ll be
happy to help you get the Y.E.S. coverage you need.
Yamaha Service Marketing
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, CA 90630
1-(866)-YES-EXTD (1-866-937-3983)
9
9-10
U5KS10.book Page 1 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INDEX
A
F
N
Accessories and replacement parts .......6-18
Air filter element, cleaning ......................6-13
Final gear oil.......................................... 6-12
Front fork, checking ............................... 6-26
Fuel ......................................................... 3-7
Fuel cock................................................. 3-8
Fuel tank cap........................................... 3-6
Fuses, replacing .................................... 6-29
Neutral indicator light ...............................3-2
Noise regulation .......................................9-4
B
Battery ...................................................6-28
Brake and clutch levers, checking and
lubricating ............................................6-25
Brake and shift pedals, checking and
lubricating ............................................6-25
Brake fluid, changing .............................6-24
Brake fluid level, checking......................6-23
Brake lever...............................................3-5
Brake lever free play, adjusting ..............6-19
Brake light switch (rear), adjusting .........6-21
Brake pads, checking.............................6-22
Brake pedal..............................................3-5
Brake pedal position, adjusting ..............6-21
C
Cables, checking and lubricating............6-24
Canister (for California only).....................6-9
Carburetors, adjusting............................6-14
Care.........................................................7-1
Clutch lever..............................................3-4
Clutch lever free play, adjusting .............6-19
D
Dimmer switch .........................................3-3
E
Engine break-in........................................5-5
Engine oil...............................................6-10
Engine stop switch ...................................3-4
Engine trouble warning light .....................3-2
H
Handlebar switches ................................. 3-3
Headlight bulb, replacing ....................... 6-31
Helmet holder ........................................ 3-11
High beam indicator light ......................... 3-2
Horn switch ............................................. 3-3
O
Oil level warning light ...............................3-2
P
Panel, removing and installing..................6-7
Parking.....................................................5-6
Part locations ...........................................2-1
Pre-operation check list............................4-1
R
Rear suspension, lubricating ..................6-26
I
S
Identification numbers ............................. 9-1
Ignition circuit cut-off system.................. 3-16
Indicator and warning lights ..................... 3-2
Safety defects, reporting ..........................9-3
Safety information ....................................1-1
Seats .......................................................3-9
Passenger seat...................................3-9
Rider seat .........................................3-10
Shifting.....................................................5-3
Decelerating .......................................5-4
Shift points..........................................5-5
Starting out and accelerating ..............5-4
Shift pedal................................................3-5
Shock absorber assembly, adjusting......3-13
Sidestand...............................................3-16
Sidestand, checking and lubricating .......6-25
Spark plugs, checking ..............................6-8
Specifications...........................................8-1
Speedometer unit.....................................3-3
Starter (choke) lever.................................3-9
Starting and warming up a cold engine ....5-1
K
Key identification number ........................ 9-1
L
Labels, location ....................................... 1-7
Luggage strap holders........................... 3-15
M
Main switch/steering lock......................... 3-1
Maintenance and lubrication, periodic...... 6-4
Maintenance, emission control system .... 6-3
Maintenance, periodic ............................. 6-1
Maintenance record................................. 9-5
Model label .............................................. 9-2
U5KS10.book Page 2 Tuesday, November 5, 2002 11:05 AM
INDEX
Starting a warm engine............................ 5-3
Start switch.............................................. 3-4
Steering, checking ................................. 6-27
Storage.................................................... 7-4
Storage compartment ............................ 3-11
Supporting the motorcycle ..................... 6-33
T
Throttle cable free play, adjusting .......... 6-15
Throttle grip and cable, checking and
lubricating............................................ 6-24
Tires ...................................................... 6-15
Tool kit..................................................... 6-1
Troubleshooting..................................... 6-34
Troubleshooting chart............................ 6-35
Turn signal indicator light ......................... 3-2
Turn signal light or tail/brake light bulb,
replacing ............................................. 6-33
Turn signal switch.................................... 3-4
V
Valve clearance, adjusting..................... 6-15
Vehicle identification number ................... 9-1
W
Warranty, extended ................................. 9-9
Warranty limited....................................... 9-7
Wheel bearings, checking...................... 6-27
Wheels .................................................. 6-17
OWNER’S MANUAL
XVS1100AWR(C)
XVS1100ATR(C)
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2002.11-2.7×1 CR
(E)
LIT-11626-16-46
5KS-28199-10