1325 6
Scarabeo 500
www.serviceaprilia.com
05/2006-00
8181024
UK
workshopmanual
INTRODUCTION
SCARABEO 500
INTRODUCTION
0
0-1
INTRODUCTION
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
0.1.
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 3
0.1.1.
FOREWORD.......................................................................................................................................... 3
0.1.2.
REFERENCE MANUALS....................................................................................................................... 4
0.1.3.
ABBREVIATIONS/SYMBOLS/CONVENTIONS..................................................................................... 5
0-2
SCARABEO 500
0.1.
0.1.1.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
FOREWORD
This manual provides the information required for normal servicing.
This publication is intended for use by aprilia Dealers and their qualified mechanics; many concepts have been omitted
on purpose as their inclusion would be superfluous. Since complete mechanical explanations have not been included in
this manual, the reader must be familiar with basic notions of mechanics, as well as with basic repair procedures.
Without such familiarity, repairs and checks could be ineffective and even hazardous. Since the repair and vehicle check
instructions are not exhaustive, special care must be taken to avoid damage and injury. Piaggio & C. S.p.A. undertakes
to constantly improve the design of its products and the relevant literature to ensure maximum customer satisfaction. The
main technical modifications and changes in repair procedures are communicated to all aprilia dealers and agencies
worldwide. Such modifications will be entered in subsequent editions of the manual. Should you need assistance or
clarifications about the inspection and repair procedures, please contact the aprilia SERVICE DEPT., they will be glad to
give you any information on the matter, or supply you with any detail on updates and technical changes applied to the
vehicle.
Piaggio & C. S.p.A. reserves the right to make changes to its products at any time, barring any such changes as may
alter the essential features of a product as specified in the relevant manual.
All rights of storage using electronic means, reproduction and total or partial adaptation, whatever the means adopted,
are reserved in all countries.
Third parties' products are only mentioned for information purposes, and constitute no engagement.
Piaggio & C. S.p.A. is not liable in any way for the performance or use of these products.
First edition: May 2006
Produced and printed by:
DECA s.r.l.
via Vincenzo Giardini, 11 - 48022 Lugo (RA) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 0545 216611
Fax +39 - 0545 216610
E-mail: deca@vftis.spx.com
www.vftis.com
on behalf of:
Aprilia
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 – (0)41 58 29 111
Fax +39 – (0)41 58 01 674
www.aprilia.com
0-3
INTRODUCTION
0.1.2.
REFERENCE MANUALS
OWNER'S MANUALS
aprilia part# (description)
8181030
8181031
8181032
SPARE PARTS CATALOGUE
aprilia part# (description)
6836
CHASSIS WORKSHOP MANUAL
aprilia part# (description)
8181020
8181021
8181022
8181023
8181024
ENGINE TECHNICAL MANUAL
aprilia part# (description)
8140868
8140869
8140870
8140871
8140872
ENGINE CD
aprilia part# (description)
8CM0105
CHASSIS CD
aprilia part# (description)
8CM0107
0-4
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
0.1.3.
#
<
>
≤
≥
~
∞
°C
°F
±
a.c
A
Ah
API
AT
AV/DC
bar
d.c.
cc
CO
CPU
DIN
DOHC
ECU
rpm
HC
ISC
ISO
kg
kgm
km
km/h
kΩ
kPa
KS
kW
ℓ
LAP
LED
LEFT
SIDE
m/s
max
mbar
mi
MIN
MPH
MS
MΩ
N.A.
N.O.M.M.
N.O.R.M.
Nm
Ω
PICK-UP
BDC
TDC
PPC
INTRODUCTION
ABBREVIATIONS/SYMBOLS/CONVENTIONS
= number
= less than
= greater than
= less than or equal to
= more than or equal to
= approximately
= infinity
= degrees Celsius (centigrade)
= degrees Fahrenheit
= plus or minus
= alternating current
= Ampere
= Ampere per hour
= American Petroleum Institute
= high voltage
= Anti-Vibration Double Countershaft
= pressure measurement unit (1 bar = 100 kPa)
= direct current
= cubic centimetres
= carbon monoxide
= Central Processing Unit
= German industrial standards (Deutsche Industrie Norm)
= Double Overhead Camshaft
= Electronic Control Unit
= revolutions per minute
= unburnt hydrocarbons
= Idle Speed Control
= International Standardisation Organisation
= kilograms
= kilograms per metre (1 kgm = 10 Nm)
= kilometres
= kilometres per hour
= kilo Ohm
= kiloPascal (1 kPa = 0.01 bar)
= clutch side (from the German "Kupplungsseite")
= kilowatt
= litres
= racetrack lap
= Light Emitting Diode
= left side
= metres per second
= maximum
= millibar (1 mbar = 0.1 kPa)
= miles
= minimum
= miles per hour
= flywheel side (from the German "Magnetseite")
= MegaOhm
= Not Available
= Motor Octane Number
= Research Octane Number
= Newton metre (1 Nm = 0.1 kgm)
= ohm
= pick-up
= Bottom Dead Centre
= Top Dead Centre
= Pneumatic Power Clutch
0-5
INTRODUCTION
RIGHT
SIDE
SAE
TEST
T.B.E.I.
T.C.E.I.
T.E.
T.P.
TSI
UPSIDEDOWN
V
W
Ø
0-6
= right side
= Society of Automotive Engineers
= diagnostic check
= crown-head Allen screw
= cheese-head Allen screw
= hexagonal head
= flat head screw
= Twin Spark Ignition
= inverted fork
= volt
= watt
= diameter
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
1
1-1
GENERAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
1.1.
STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL..................................................................................................................... 3
1.1.1.
CONVENTIONS USED IN THE MANUAL ............................................................................................. 3
1.1.2.
SAFETY WARNINGS............................................................................................................................. 4
1.2.
GENERAL RULES........................................................................................................................................... 5
1.2.1.
BASIC SAFETY RULES......................................................................................................................... 5
1.3.
DANGEROUS ELEMENTS ............................................................................................................................. 8
1.3.1.
WARNINGS ........................................................................................................................................... 8
1.4.
RUNNING-IN ................................................................................................................................................. 11
1.4.1.
RUNNING-IN........................................................................................................................................ 11
1.5.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION .......................................................................................................................... 12
1.5.1.
POSITION OF THE SERIAL NUMBERS ............................................................................................. 12
1-2
GENERAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
1.1.
STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL
1.1.1.
•
CONVENTIONS USED IN THE MANUAL
This manual is divided in sections and subsections, each covering a set of the most significant components.
Refer to the index of sections when consulting the manual.
Unless expressly specified otherwise, assemblies are reassembled by reversing the dismantling procedure.
The terms "right" and "left" are referred to the rider seated on the vehicle in the normal riding position.
Motorcycle operation and basic maintenance are covered in the "OWNER'S MANUAL".
•
•
•
In this manual any variants are identified with these symbols:
optional
catalytic version
-
all versions
MP
national certification
SF
European certification (EURO 2 limits)
VERSION:
Italy
United
Kingdom
Austria
Portugal
Finland
Greece
Holland
Malaysia
Chile
Switzerland
Denmark
Japan
Belgium
Germany
France
Singapore
Slovenia
Israel
Spain
South
Korea
Croatia
Australia
United
States of
America
Brazil
South Africa
New
Zealand
Canada
1-3
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.2.
SCARABEO 500
SAFETY WARNINGS
The following precautionary warnings are used throughout this manual in order to convey the following messages:
Safety warning. This symbol appears, whether in the manual or on the vehicle itself, to indicate a
personal injury hazard. Non-compliance with the indications given in the messages preceded by this
symbol may result in serious risks for your and other people’s safety and for the vehicle!
DANGER
Indicates a potential hazard which may result in serious injury or even death.
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard which may result in minor personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
NOTE The word "NOTE" in this manual precedes important information or instructions.
1-4
SCARABEO 500
1.2.
1.2.1.
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL RULES
BASIC SAFETY RULES
CARBON MONOXIDE
Should it be necessary to perform some operations with the vehicle running, make sure to work outdoors or in a wellaerated room.
Avoid starting the engine indoors.
In case you are working indoors, use a gas exhaust system.
DANGER
Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is extremely toxic if inhaled and may cause loss of
consciousness or even lead to death.
FUEL
DANGER
The fuel used in internal combustion engines is highly flammable and can become explosive under
particular conditions.
Refuelling and engine service should take place in a well-ventilated area with the engine stopped.
Do not smoke when refuelling or in the proximity of sources of fuel vapours, avoid flames, sparks and
any element that could ignite fuel or provoke explosions.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
HIGH-TEMPERATURE COMPONENTS
The engine and the components of the exhaust system become very hot and remain hot for some time after the engine
has been stopped.
Before handling these components, wear insulating gloves or wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled
down.
USED GEARBOX AND FORK FLUIDS
DANGER
Wear latex gloves when servicing.
Gear fluid may cause serious damage to the skin if handled daily and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after handling engine oil.
Take it to the filling station where you usually buy it or to an oil salvage centre.
Wear latex gloves when servicing.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FLUID IN THE ENVIRONMENT
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
BRAKE FLUID
WARNING
When handling the brake fluid, take care not to spill it on the plastic, rubber or painted parts, since it
can damage them. When carrying out the maintenance operations on the braking system, use a clean
cloth to cover these parts.
Always wear safety goggles when working on the braking system.
The brake fluid is highly irritant. Avoid contact with your eyes.
If the brake fluid gets in contact with your eyes, carefully wash them with fresh water and immediately
seek medical advice.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
COOLANT
Coolant contains ethylene glycol that is flammable, under certain conditions. When ignited, ethylene glycol produces
invisible flames that might cause burns.
1-5
GENERAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
DANGER
Take care not to spill coolant onto hot engine parts and exhaust system. It may ignite and produce
invisible flames.
Wear latex gloves when servicing.
Although toxic, it has a sweet taste that might attract animals. Never leave coolant in open container
or in a position easily reachable by animals.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Do not remove radiator cap when engine is still hot. Coolant is under pressure and might cause burns.
HYDROGEN GAS AND BATTERY ELECTROLYTE
DANGER
The battery electrolyte is a toxic, caustic substance containing sulphuric acid and thus able to cause
severe burns in case of contact with the skin.
Always wear tight gloves and protective clothes when handling this fluid.
In case of contact with skin, rinse with plenty of fresh water.
Always use a protection for your eyes since even a very small amount of the battery fluid can cause
blindness. In the event of contact with your eyes, carefully wash them with water for fifteen minutes
and then consult immediately an eye specialist.
Should you accidentally drink some fluid, drink abundant water or milk, then drink magnesia milk or
vegetable oil and immediately seek medical advice.
The battery gives off explosive gases and must be kept away from flames and sources of ignition or
heat; do not smoke near the battery.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Battery fluid is corrosive.
Do not spill it, especially on plastic parts.
Make sure that the electrolyte is suitable for the type of battery used.
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AND INFORMATION
Follow these instructions closely when repairing, disassembling or reassembling the motorcycle or its components.
DANGER
Using bare flames is strictly forbidden when working on the motorcycle. Before servicing or
inspecting the motorcycle: stop the engine and remove the key from the ignition switch; allow for the
engine and exhaust system to cool down; where possible, lift the motorcycle using adequate
equipment placed on firm and level ground. Be careful of any parts of the engine or exhaust system
which may still be hot to the touch to avoid scalds or burns.
Do not put any vehicle parts into your mouth: vehicle components are not edible and some of them
are harmful or even toxic.
Unless expressly specified otherwise, assemblies are reassembled by reversing the dismantling
procedure. Where a procedure is cross-referred to relevant sections in the manual, proceed sensibly
to avoid disturbing any parts unless strictly necessary. Do not polish matt-painted surfaces with
polishing paste.
Never use fuel instead of solvent to clean the motorcycle.
Do not clean any rubber or plastic parts or the seat with alcohol, petrol or solvents. Clean with water
and mild detergent.
Always disconnect the battery negative (-) lead before soldering any electrical components.
When two or more persons service the same motorcycle together, special care must be taken to avoid
personal injury.
BEFORE DISASSEMBLING ANY COMPONENTS
•
Clean off all dirt, mud, and dust and clear any foreign objects from the vehicle before disassembling any
components.
•
Use the model-specific special tools where specified.
1-6
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL INFORMATION
DISASSEMBLING THE COMPONENTS
Never use pliers or similar tools to slacken and/or tighten nuts and bolts. Always use the suitable spanner.
Mark all connections (hoses, wiring, etc.) with their positions before disconnecting them. Identify each connection
using a distinctive symbol or convention.
Mark each part clearly to avoid confusion when refitting.
Thoroughly clean and wash any components you have removed using a detergent with low flash point.
Mated parts should always be refitted together. These parts will have seated themselves against one another in
service as a result of normal wear and tear and should never be mixed up with other similar parts on refitting.
Certain components are matched-pair parts and should always be replaced as a set.
Keep away from heat sources.
REASSEMBLING THE COMPONENTS
DANGER
Never reuse a circlip or snap ring. These parts must always be renewed once they have been
disturbed.
When fitting a new circlip or snap ring, take care to move the open ends apart just enough to allow
fitment to the shaft.
Make it a rule to check that a newly-fitted circlip or snap ring has located fully into its groove.
Never clean a bearing with compressed air.
NOTE All bearings must rotate freely with no hard spots or noise. Replace any bearings that do not meet these
requirements.
-
Use ORIGINAL aprilia SPARE PARTS only.
Use the specified lubricants and consumables.
Where possible, lubricate a part before assembly.
When tightening nuts and bolts, start with the largest or innermost nut/bolt and observe a cross pattern. Tighten
evenly, in subsequent steps until achieving the specified torque.
Replace any self-locking nuts, gaskets, seals, circlips or snap rings, O-rings, split pins, bolts and screws which
have a damaged thread.
Lubricate the bearings abundantly before assembly.
Make it a rule to check that all components you have fitted are correctly in place.
After repairing the motorcycle and after each service inspection, perform the preliminary checks, and then test ride
the motorcycle in a private estate area or in a safe area away from traffic.
Clean all mating surfaces, oil seal edges and gaskets before assembly. Apply a thin layer of lithium grease along
the edges of oil seals. Fit oil seals and bearings with the marking or serial number facing outwards (in view).
ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS
To disconnect the electrical connectors, follow the procedures below. Failure to comply with these procedures may lead
to irreparable damage to the connector and the wiring as well.
If present, press the special safety hooks.
WARNING
Do not pull cables to disconnect the two connectors.
•
•
•
Grasp the two connectors and disconnect them by pulling them in the two opposite directions.
In case of dirt, rust, moisture, etc., thoroughly clean the inside of the connectors with compressed air.
Make sure that the cables are correctly fitted inside the connector terminals.
NOTE The two connectors have just one correct positioning. Make sure to position them in the right direction.
•
Then fit the two connectors. Make sure they are correctly coupled (a click will be heard if hooks are present).
TIGHTENING TORQUE SETTINGS
DANGER
Always remember that the tightening torque settings of all wheel, brake, wheel shaft and other
suspension parts play a fundamental role to ensure vehicle safety. Make sure that these values are
always within the specified limits.
Check fastening parts tightening torque settings at regular intervals. Upon reassembly, always use a
torque wrench.
Failure to comply with these recommendations could lead to the loosening and detachment of one of
these parts with a consequent locking of the wheel or other serious troubles affecting the vehicle
manoeuvrability, and thus the risk of falls and serious injuries or death.
1-7
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.3.
1.3.1.
SCARABEO 500
DANGEROUS ELEMENTS
WARNINGS
FUEL
DANGER
The fuel used to operate engines is highly flammable and becomes explosive under particular
conditions.
Refuelling and engine service should take place in a well-ventilated area with the engine stopped.
Do not smoke when refuelling or in the proximity of sources of fuel vapours, avoid flames, sparks and
any element that could ignite fuel or provoke explosions.
Take care not to spill fuel out of the filler, or it may ignite when in contact with hot engine parts.
In the event of accidental fuel spillage, make sure the affected area is fully dry before starting the
engine. Fuel expands from heat and when left under direct sunlight.
Never fill the fuel tank up to the brim. Tighten the filler cap securely after each refuelling.
Avoid contact with skin. Do not inhale vapours. Do not swallow fuel. Do not transfer fuel between
different containers using a hose.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
Use only premium grade unleaded petrol, min. O.N. 95 (RON) and 85 (MON).
LUBRICANTS
DANGER
A good lubrication ensures the vehicle safety.
Failure to keep the lubricants at the recommended level or the use of a non-suitable new and clean
type of lubricant can lead to the engine or gearbox seizure, thus causing serious accidents, personal
injury or even death.
Gear fluid may cause serious damage to the skin if handled daily and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
Do not dispose of oil in the environment.
Take it to the filling station where you usually buy it or to an oil salvage centre.
WARNING
When filling the vehicle with this oil, take care not to spill it out. Immediately clean spilt oil, or it might
damage the vehicle paintwork.
In case of contact with oil, the tyres surface will become very slippery, thus becoming a serious
danger for your safety.
In case of leaks, do not use the vehicle. Check and trace the cause of leaks and proceed to repair.
ENGINE OIL
DANGER
Engine oil may cause serious damage to the skin if handled daily and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after use.
Do not dispose of oil in the environment.
Dispose of engine oil through the nearest waste oil reclamation firm or through the supplier.
Wear latex gloves when servicing.
FRONT FORK FLUID
DANGER
Front suspension response can be modified to a certain extent by changing damping settings and/or
selecting a particular grade of oil. Standard oil viscosity: SAE 20W. Different oil grades can be
selected to obtain a particular suspension response (choose SAE 5W for a softer suspension, 20W for
a stiffer suspension).
The two grades can also be mixed in varying solutions to obtain the desired response.
1-8
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL INFORMATION
BRAKE FLUID
NOTE This vehicle is fitted with front and rear disc brakes. Each braking system is operated by an independent hydraulic
circuit. The information provided below applies to both braking systems.
DANGER
Do not use the vehicle in case brakes are worn out or do not work properly. The brakes are the parts
that most ensure your safety and for this reason they must always be perfectly working. Failure to
comply with these recommendations will probably lead to a crash or an accident, with a consequent
risk of personal injury or death.
A wet surface reduces brakes efficiency.
DANGER
In case of wet ground the braking distance will be doubled, since both brakes and tyre grip on the
road surface are extremely reduced by the water present on the road surface.
Any water on brakes, after washing the vehicle or driving on a wet road surface or crossing puddles
or gips, can wet brakes so as to greatly reduce their efficiency.
Failure to comply with these recommendations may lead to serious accidents, with a consequent risk
of severe personal injuries or death.
Brakes are critical safety components. Do not ride the vehicle in case brakes are not working at their
best.
Check for brakes proper operation before every trip.
Brake fluid is an irritant. Avoid contact with eyes or skin.
In the event of accidental contact, wash affected body parts thoroughly. In the event of accidental
contact with eyes, contact an eye specialist or seek medical advice.
DO NOT RELEASE BRAKE FLUID INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
When handling brake fluid, take care not to spill it onto plastic or paint-finished parts or they will
damage.
DANGER
Do not use any brake fluids other than the specified type. Never mix different types of fluids to top up
level, as this will damage the braking system.
Do not use brake fluid from containers which have been kept open or in storage for long periods.
Any sudden changes in play or hardness in the brake levers are warning signs of problems with the
hydraulic circuits.
Ensure that the brake discs and brake linings have not become contaminated with oil or grease. This
is particularly important after servicing or inspections.
Make sure the brake lines are not twisted or worn.
Prevent accidental entering of water or dust into the circuit.
Wear latex gloves when servicing the hydraulic circuit.
DISC BRAKES
DANGER
The brakes are the parts that most ensure your safety
and for this reason they must always be perfectly working; check them before every trip.
A dirty disc soils the pads.
Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty discs must be cleaned with a high-quality degreaser.
Perform the maintenance operations with half the indicated frequency if the vehicle is used in rainy or
dusty areas, on uneven surfaces or for racing.
Check brake pads for wear.
When the brake pads wear out, the level of the fluid decreases to automatically compensate for their
wear.
The front brake fluid reservoir is located on the right handlebar, near the front brake lever.
The rear brake fluid reservoir is located under the right fairing.
Do not use the vehicle if the braking system leaks fluid.
1-9
GENERAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
COOLANT
DANGER
Coolant is toxic when ingested, contact with eyes or skin may cause irritation.
In the event of contact with your skin or eyes, rinse repeatedly with abundant water and seek medical
advice. In the event of ingestion, induce vomiting, rinse mouth and throat with abundant water and
seek medical advice immediately.
DO NOT RELEASE INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
DANGER
Take care not to spill coolant onto hot engine parts. It may ignite and produce invisible flames. Wear
latex
gloves
when
servicing.
Do not ride when coolant is below the minimum level.
Coolant mixture is a 50% solution of water and antifreeze. This is the ideal solution for most operating temperatures and
provides good corrosion protection.
This solution is also suited to the warm season, as it is less prone to evaporative loss and will reduce the need for topups.
In addition, less water evaporation means fewer minerals salts depositing in the radiator, which helps preserve the
efficiency of the cooling system.
When the temperature drops below zero degrees centigrade, check the cooling system frequently and add more
antifreeze (up to 60% maximum) to the solution, if needed.
Use distilled water in the coolant mixture. Tap water will damage the engine.
Refer to the chart given below and add water with the quantity of antifreeze to obtain a solution with the desired freezing
point:
Freezing point °C
-20°C (-4°F)
-30°C (-22°F)
-40°C (-40°F)
Coolant % of volume
35
45
55
NOTE Antifreeze fluids have different specifications. The protection degree is written on the label.
WARNING
Use nitrite-free antifreeze and corrosion protectant fluids only, with a protection until at least -35°C (31°F).
TYRES
WARNING
If tyres are excessively inflated, the vehicle will be hard, difficult and uncomfortable to ride.
In addition, the roadworthiness, mainly on wet surfaces and during cornering, will be impaired.
Flat tyres (insufficient pressure) can slip on the rim and make you lose the control of the vehicle.
In this case too, both vehicle roadworthiness, manoeuvrability and brake efficiency will be impaired.
Tyres changing, repair, maintenance and balancing must be carried out by specialised technicians
using suitable equipment.
When new, tyres can have a thin slippery protective coating. Drive carefully for the first kilometres
(miles).
Never use rubber treating substances on tyres.
In particular, avoid contact with fluid fuels, leading to a rapid wear.
In case of contact with oil or fuel, do not clean but change the tyres.
DANGER
Some of the factory-assembled tyres of this vehicle are provided with wear indicators.
There are several kinds of wear indicators.
For more information on how to check the wear, contact your Dealer.
Visually check if the tyres are worn and in this case have them changed.
If a tyre deflates while driving, stop immediately.
Avoid hard brakings or moves and do not close throttles too abruptly.
Slowly close the throttle grip, move to the edge of the road and use the engine brake to slow down
until coming to a halt.
Failure to comply with these recommendations may lead to accidents, with a consequent risk of
personal injuries or death.
Do not install tyres with air tube on rims for tubeless tyres and vice versa.
1 - 10
SCARABEO 500
1.4.
1.4.1.
GENERAL INFORMATION
RUNNING-IN
RUNNING-IN
Correct engine running-in is essential to ensuring proper performance and durability.
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or roads with many bends, so that the engine, the suspensions and the brakes
undergo a more effective running-in.
During running-in, change speed.
In this way the components are first "loaded" and then "relieved" and the engine parts can thus cool down.
Even if it is important to stress the engine components during running-in, take care not to exceed.
WARNING
Only after the first 1000 km (621 mi) of running-in is it possible to obtain the best acceleration
performance from the vehicle.
Keep to the following indications:
•
Do not open the throttle completely if the speed is low, both during and after the running-in.
•
0-500 km (0-310 mi) During the first 500 km (310 mi), do not exceed the 80% of the maximum allowed speed.
•
Avoid driving at constant speed for long distances.
•
After the first 1000 km (621 mi), progressively increase the speed until reaching the highest performance levels.
DANGER
After the first 1000 km (621 mi), have the checking operations indicated in the column "After runningin" carried out by an aprilia Authorised Dealer, see REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART, in order
to avoid hurting yourself or other people and/or damaging the vehicle.
1 - 11
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.5.
1.5.1.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
POSITION OF THE SERIAL NUMBERS
These numbers are necessary for vehicle registration.
NOTE Altering the vehicle identification numbers is a legal
offence. Altering the frame number invalidates the warranty.
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number is stamped on the front frame, open the
glove compartment and remove the protection cover to be
able to read it.
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number is stamped on the rear end, next to left
shock absorber.
1 - 12
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
2
2-1
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
2.1.
TECHNICAL INFORMATION .......................................................................................................................... 3
2.1.1.
TECHNICAL DATA ................................................................................................................................ 3
2.1.2.
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE CHART................................................................................................. 5
2.1.3.
LUBRICANT CHART.............................................................................................................................. 7
2.1.4.
TIGHTENING TORQUE SETTINGS ...................................................................................................... 8
2.1.5.
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ..................................................................................... 13
2.1.6.
INSTRUMENT PANEL OPERATION ................................................................................................... 15
2.2.
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE...................................................................................................................... 18
2.2.1.
BRAKING SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................. 18
2.2.2.
AIR FILTER.......................................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.3.
COOLANT............................................................................................................................................ 21
2.2.4.
TRANSMISSION FLUID....................................................................................................................... 22
2.2.5.
ENGINE OIL......................................................................................................................................... 24
2-2
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
2.1.
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
2.1.1.
TECHNICAL DATA
DIMENSIONS
Max. Length
Max. Width
Max. height (headlight fairing included)
Seat height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground clearance
Loadless weight (in running order)
ENGINE
Model
Type
Number of cylinders
Total displacement
Bore/stroke
Compression ratio
Starting
Engine idling rpm
Clutch
Gearbox
Cooling
Lubricating system
THROTTLE BODY
Model
Throttle
FUEL SYSTEM
Type
Fuel
CAPACITY
Fuel (reserve included)
Fuel reserve
Engine oil
- changing engine oil and oil filter
- change for engine overhaul
Transmission fluid
Coolant
Seats
Vehicle max. load (rider + luggage)
Vehicle max. load (rider + passenger + luggage)
TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
Converter
Primary
Secondary
Total engine/wheel ratio
- short
- long
FRAME
Type
Steering head angle
Trail
SUSPENSIONS
Front
Stroke
Rear
Stroke
2263 mm (89.1 in.)
790 mm (31.1 in.)
1419 mm (55.9 in.)
785 mm (30.9 in.)
1535 mm (60.4 in.)
215 mm (8.5 in.)
194 kg (427.7 lb)
M 273 M
Single-cylinder, 4-stroke, 4-valve engine, single OHC
controlled by chain on flywheel side
1
460 cu.cm (28.071 cu.in.)
92 x 69 mm (3.622 x 2.716 in)
10.5 ± 0.5: 1
electric
1450 ± 50 rpm
automatic, dry centrifugal clutch
automatic
Liquid cooling (50% water + 50% coolant), forced
circulation with centrifugal pump
Forced circulation by trochoidal pump (inside the
crankcase), oil filter and pressure relief by-pass valve
Ø 38 mm (1.50 in) and single injector
Ø 39 mm (1.53 in.)
Electronic injection with electric fuel pump
Unleaded premium fuel (4 Stars
and 85 (MON)
), min. O.N. 95 (RON)
13.2 litres (23.97 pt)
3 litres (5.45 pt)
1500 cu.cm (91.535 cu.in.)
1700 cu.cm (103.74 cu.in.)
250 cu.cm (15.256 cu.in.)
1.7 litres (3.087 pt) (50% water + 50% antifreeze with
ethylene glycol)
2
115 kg (253.5 lb)
190 kg (418.9 lb)
automatic, stepless
V-belt
gears
1/14.083
1/5.406
In high strength steel tubes
27.5°
108 mm (4.25 in.)
hydraulically operated telescopic fork
104 mm (4.09 in.)
Two double-effect hydraulic shock absorbers with preload
adjuster
100 mm (3.94 in.)
2-3
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
BRAKES
Front
Rear
WHEEL RIMS
Type
Front
Rear
TYRES
Type
Front
Rear
STANDARD INFLATION PRESSURE
Front
Rear
INFLATION PRESSURE WITH PASSENGER
Front
Rear
IGNITION
Type
Spark advance
SPARK PLUG
Standard
As an alternative
Spark plug gap
ELECTRIC SYSTEM
Battery
Fuses
Generator (with permanent magnet)
BULBS
Low/high beam
Front parking light
Rear/front turn indicators light
Tail / brake lights
Number plate light
WARNING LIGHTS
Instrument panel lighting
Turn indicators
Engine oil pressure
Low beam
High beam
Fuel reserve
Coolant high temperature indicator
2-4
SCARABEO 500
Disc - Ø 260 mm (10.236 in) - with hydraulic transmission
Twin disc - front Ø 260 mm (10.236 in) / rear Ø 240 mm
(9.449 in)
in light alloy
16" x 3.00"
14" x 4.5"
tubeless
110/70 -16" 56S tubeless
150 / 70 - 14" 66S tubeless
220 kPa (2.2 bar)
220 kPa (2.2 bar)
220 kPa (2.2 bar)
230 kPa (2.3 bar)
C.D.I. / induction type
Variable, managed by control unit
CHAMPION RG6YC
NGK - CR7EKB
0.7 - 0.8 mm (0.028 - 0.031 in)
12 V - 14 Ah
20 - 15 - 3 A
14 V – 380 W
12V - 55 W / 12V - 55 W
12 V – 5 W
12V - 10W (rear)/ 12V - 10W (front)
12V - 5W / 21W
12 V – 5 W
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
2.1.2.
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE CHART
Suitable maintenance ensures optimum operating conditions and performance and it is essential for vehicle long life.
EVERY 2 years
Coolant - change
Brake fluid - change
At 1000 km (621 mi)
Safety fastening points - check
Throttle control - adjust
Engine oil filter - change
Electric system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - change
Brake pads - check for wear
Tire pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and braking system test - road test
Hub oil - change
Idling speed - adjust
Crankcase breather - drain
Steering - check
Injection system tubes sealing - visual check
EVERY 5000 km (3107 mi)
Engine oil - check level/top up
Brake pads - check for wear
At 10000 km (6214 mi), 30000 km (18641 mi), 50000 km (31068 mi) and at 70000 km (43496 mi)
Safety fastening points - check
Spark plug - change
Belt - change
Throttle control - adjust
Air filter - check
Belt comp.air filter - check
Engine oil filter - change
Valve clearance - check
Electric system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - change
Brake pads - check for wear
Converter rollers/ sliders - change
Tire pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and braking system test - road test
Hub oil - check
Idling speed - adjust
Stand striker roller - change
Suspensions - check
Steering - check
Braking system tubes sealing - visual check
Crankcase breather - drain
2-5
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
At 20000 km (12427 mi), 40000 km (24855 mi), 60000 km (37282 mi) and at 80000 km (49710 mi)
Safety fastening points - check
Driven pulley bush
Spark plug - change
Belt - change
Throttle control - adjust
Air filter - check
Belt comp.air filter - check
Engine oil filter - change
Valve clearance - check
Electric system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - change
Brake pads - check for wear
Converter rollers/ sliders - change
Tire pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and braking system test - road test
Hub oil - check
Idling speed - adjust
Stand striker roller - change
Crankcase breather - drain
Suspensions - check
Steering - check
Injection system tubes sealing - visual check
Fuel filter - check
2-6
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
2.1.3.
LUBRICANT CHART
LUBRICANT
Engine oil
Transmission fluid
Fork oil
Bearings
points
and
Battery terminals
Brake fluid
other
PRODUCT
4T FORMULA RACING, SAE 5W - 40.
RECOMMENDED:
As an alternative to recommended fluids, top brand oils meeting or
exceeding
A.P.I.
SJ
specifications can be used.
GEAR SYNTH, SAE 75W - 90.
RECOMMENDED:
As an alternative to recommended fluid, top brand oils meeting or
exceeding
A.P.I.
GL3
specifications can be used.
FORK 5W or
FORK 20W.
RECOMMENDED:
When you wish to obtain an intermediate response between those offered
by
FORK 5W and
FORK 20W oils, you may mix the
different products as follows:
SAE 10W =
FORK 5W 67% of volume, +
FORK 20W 33%
of volume.
SAE 15W =
FORK 5W 33% of volume, +
FORK 20W 67%
of volume.
lubrication RECOMMENDED:
GREASE SM2.
As an alternative to recommended grease, use top brand rolling bearing
grease that will resist a temperature range of -30°C (-22°F) + 140°C
(284°F), with dropping point 150°C (302°F) - 230°C (446°F), high corrosion
protection, good resistance to water and oxidisation.
Use neutral grease or Vaseline.
BRAKE 5.1 DOT 5 (compatible DOT 4).
RECOMMENDED:
NOTE Do not mix different makes or types of oil without having checked
bases compatibility.
Engine coolant
As an alternative to the recommended product, top brand brake fluid
meeting or exceeding SAE J1703, NHTSA 116 DOT 4, ISO 4925
specifications for synthetic brake fluid can be used.
COOL.
RECOMMENDED:
As an alternative to the recommended product, top brand brake fluid
meeting or exceeding CUNA NC 956-16 specifications for ethylene glycol
coolant can be used.
2-7
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
BRAKING SYSTEM
Rear brake master cylinder to handlebar fastening
2 TCEI screw M6x25
Throttle control to front brake master cylinder fastening
2 TCEI screw M6x25
RH dimmer switch to brake master cylinder fastening
LH dimmer switch to brake master cylinder fastening
Counterweights fastening
Brake force distributor to frame fastening
Rear brake calliper to calliper mount fastening
Rear brake line to frame fastening
Front brake calliper fastening
4
TBEI screw M5x16
TBEI screw M5x25
TBEI screw M5x16
TBEI screw M5x25
TSPEI screw
2
M6x55
2
TE screw M6x35
2
TE screw M8x40
2
TE screw M6x16
4 TCEI screw M8x35
4
10
10
1
1
10
10
25
10
25
ENGINE ASSY
Wiring plate fastening
1 TE screw M6X12
10
Converter cover fastening
4 TE screw M6X20
10
Air box support fastening
1 TE screw M6X25
12
Starter motor cable fastening
1
Nut M6
5
Rear brake calliper mount fastening
2 TE screw M8X50
25
Rear brake disc to hub fastening
5
Nuts M6X1
12
Muffler plate to engine fastening
2
Nut
50
Engine to air box intake hose clamp fastening
1
Clamp 24.5X8.6
3
Air box to rear mudguard fastening
1 TCEI screw M6X50
6
Air box to rear mudguard fastening
1 TCEI screw M6X30
6
Air box to engine support fastening
1
Screw M5 X20
3
EXHAUST SYSTEM ASSY
Lambda sensor to exhaust manifold fastening
1
45
Exhaust manifold to engine fastening
2
Nuts
15
Silencer clamp to exhaust manifold fastening
1
17
Silencer to plate fastening
1 TE screw M8X30
25
Silencer clamp lock nut to plate fastening
1
Nut M8
12
Silencer clamp to plate fastening
1
Screw M8X80
11-13
Muffler cover fastening
3 TBEI Screw M6X20
12
ENGINE CONNECTING ROD ASSY
Con-rod pin to frame fastening on threaded bushing
1
Con-rod pin
10
Con-rod pin to frame fastening, rh side
1
Nut M12
70
Con-rod pin to frame lock nut fastening, lh side
1
Nut M22
40-50
Con-rod pin to engine fastening, lh side
1
Nut M12
100-120
Linkage to engine fastening
1
Nut M12
70
Linkage to frame fastening
1
Nut M10
40
2-8
NOTES
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
(Nm)
DESCRIPTION
SCREW /
NUT
TIGHTENING TORQUE SETTINGS
QUANTITY
2.1.4.
SCARABEO 500
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
(Nm)
NOTES
QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION
SCREW /
NUT
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
10
TIGHTEN
TO 25 Nm
THEN
SLACKEN
AND TAKE
TO 10 Nm
FRONT SUSPENSION
Fork nut
Fork lock nut
Fork hub fastening
Front mudguard fastening
1
Nut
1
Nut
1
Screw
3
TE screw M6x16
HANDLEBAR ASSY
Handlebar to fork fastening
1
Nut M10
STAND ASSY
Centre stand to frame fastening
2
Nuts M10
Side stand to frame fastening
1
Nut M10
COOLING SYSTEM ASSY
Radiator to frame fastening
1 TE screw M6X20
Electric fan support to radiator fastening
1 TE screw M5X12
Pump/radiator hose ties fastening
2
Tie
Radiator cap fastening
1
Cap M14
Electric fan support bracket fastening
2
Nut M6
Head/radiator hose ties fastening
2
Tie
REAR WHEEL ASSY
Rear wheel to hub fastening
5
TE screw M8x40
Rear wheel fastening
1
Nut
REAR SUSPENSION ASSY
Rh/Lh shock absorber support fastening
4
Nut M8
Rh/Lh shock absorber fastening
4
Nut M10
TANK ASSY
Fuel tank to frame fastening
2 TE screw M6X20
Front fuel tank support fastening
2 TE screw M8X16
Rear fuel tank support fastening
2 TE screw M8X16
Fuel lines fastening
1 TBEI screw M5x16
Expansion tank support
1 TCEI screw M5X16
Expansion tank fastening
1 TBEI screw M6X16
FRAME ASSY
Rh/Lh rider platform connection plate fastening
4 TE screw M6X12
Coil to Lh rider platform connection plate fastening
2
Nut M6
Radiator cowl to frame fastening
2 TBEI screw M6X16
Rear arch to frame fastening
2 TE screw M8X16
Rh/Lh passenger footpegs support fastening
4 TCEI screw M8X25
Rh/Lh passenger footpegs support fastening
2 TCEI screw M8x35
38
10
10
50
30
25
10
5
3
20
5
3
35
120
25
40
10
25
25
5
5
5
10
10
5
25
25
25
2-9
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
ELECTRIC SYSTEM ASSY
Linear switch to frame fastening
2 TE screw M5X16
Control unit to frame fastening
3 TE screw M5X16
H.T. coil to coil support bracket fastening
4 TE screw M3X20
Relay support bracket to frame fastening
3 TE screw M5X12
Ground cables to frame fastening
1
TE screw M6x16
Seat lock plate to case fastening
2 TCB screw M4X12
Electric actuator to seat lock plate fastening
2
Nut M4
Return lever to seat lock plate fastening
1
Nut M4
SELF-TAPPING
Case light glass to case fastening
1
screw 3.9X14
Seat lock to case fastening
2 TBEI screw M6X16
Voltage regulator bracket to horn fastening
1
TE screw M6x16
Voltage regulator fastening
2
TE screw M6x35
SELF-TAPPING
Case light switch to case fastening
1
screw 3.9X14
Starter motor cable to relay fastening
1
Nut M6
Battery cable to starter motor relay fastening
1
Nut M6
SELF-TAPPING
Antitheft system control unit to frame fastening
3
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
Connector closure to antitheft system fastening
2
screw 3.9X10
Odometer sensor fastening
1
Nut M6
REAR CHASSIS ASSY
Rear mudguard to muffler plate fastening
2
TE screw M6x16
Number plate holder to frame and case fastening
5 TBEI screw M6X16
SELF-TAPPING
Rh/Lh tail guard to case fastening
4
screw 5X14
SELF-TAPPING
Rh/Lh tail guard to Rh/Lh platform fastening
4
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
Tail light mount fastening
4
screw 3.9X14
Tail light fastening
2 TCB screw 4.2X20
Luggage rack fastening
2 TE screw M8X25
Luggage rack centre fastening
1
Luggage rack cover fastening
4
Rh turn indicator to tail guard fastening
2
Lh turn indicator to tail guard fastening
2
No. plate light mount to no.plate holder fastening
Number plate light fastening
3
1
2 - 10
TE screw M8X30
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
TBEI screw M5x16
TCB screw 4.2X16
6
6
2
6
10
1
1
3
1
4
10
10
1
5
5
1
1
10
10
6
1,5
1,5
1,5
1
25
25
0.5
1
1
5
1
NOTES
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
(Nm)
SCREW /
NUT
QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION
SCARABEO 500
CENTRE CHASSIS ASSY
Case to frame fastening
6 TBEI screw M6X16
Rh/Lh platform to Rh/Lh rider platform connection plate
4 TBEI screw M5X12
fastening
Rh/Lh platform to radiator cowl fastening
3
Inner shield to side shield halves and tunnel fastening
5
Bag hook fastening
Seat hinge to seat fastening
2
4
Spark plug seat cover fastening
2
Spark plug seat cover fastening
1
Rh/Lh multipurpose net to shield fastening
4
Glove compartment door frame to door fastening
Plate to glove compartment door fastening
4
2
Plate to fuel filler flap fastening
1
Glove compartment door to shield fastening
4
Fuel filler flap to tunnel fastening
2
TBEI screw M5x16
TCB screw
5.55X22
TCB screw 4.2X25
Nut M6
TCB screw
5.5X15.9
TCB screw 4.2X16
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
Screw 3.9X10
Screw 3.9X10
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
NOTES
SCREW /
NUT
QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
(Nm)
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
SCARABEO 500
8
4
2
3
1
5
2
1
1
1,5
1,5
1
1
1,5
FRONT CHASSIS ASSY
Air breather grid to rh shield half fastening
3
Air breather grid to lh shield half fastening
3
Shield half to rh radiator cowl fastening
Shield half to lh radiator cowl fastening
3
3
Tunnel fastening
4
Front mudguard fastening
4
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
TCB screw 4.2X16
TCB screw 4.2X16
TCB screw
5.55X22
TE screw M6x16
1
1
1
1
2
10
2 - 11
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
FRONT CHASSIS ASSY
Logo to cover fastening
4
Ignition switch cover to shield fastening
Rh/Lh turn indicator to cover fastening
Rh leg guard fastening
Rh leg guard fastening
Lh leg guard fastening
Lh leg guard fastening
Rh/Lh turn indicators to shield halves fastening
Cover fastening
Inner shield to frame fastening
Radiator cowl to frame fastening
Radiator cowl to frame fastening
Rh/Lh turn indicator cover fastening
6
4
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
4+4
Cover fastening
2
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
Washers for shafts
TCB screw M4X12
TCB screw 4.2X16
TBEI screw M5x16
TBEI screw M5x16
TCB screw 4.2X16
Screw 3.9X10
TCB screw 4.2X16
TBEI screw M5X12
TBEI screw M6X16
TBEI screw M6X16
Washers
TCB screw
5.5X15.9
\
1,5
1
2
2
1
0,5
1
2
8
4
\
1
2
LOCKS
Lock lever pin to frame fastening
Fuel tank flap lock fastening
1
2
Nut M4
TBEI screw M5x16
3
2
Dog to Tunnel fastening
2
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
1
HEAD INSTRUMENT PANEL ASSY
Headlight to handlebar fastening
Headlight plate to instrument panel plate fastening
2
4
Instrument panel to plate fastening
2
Headlight ring nut fastening
1
Instrument panel plate to handlebar fastening
2
Instrument panel to ring nut fastening
4
TBEI screw M5x16
TCB screw M4X16
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X10
SELF-TAPPING
screw 5X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 5X14
SELF-TAPPING
screw 3.9X14
3
1,5
1
1
1,5
1
FRONT WHEEL ASSY
Wheel shaft fastening
2 - 12
1
50
NOTES
TIGHTENING
TORQUE
SETTINGS
(Nm)
DESCRIPTION
SCREW /
NUT
QUANTITY
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
2.1.5.
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Expansion tank
Coolant expansion tank cap
Integrated brake fluid reservoir
Air filter
Transmission cover
Left passenger footpeg
Centre stand
Side stand
Spark plug
Central inspection cover
Warning horn
2 - 13
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Passenger grab handle
Front brake fluid reservoir
Seat release lever
Fuel tank filler plug
Fuel tank
Battery
Auxiliary fuse carrier
Main fuse carrier
Right passenger footpeg
Engine oil level / filler plug
2 - 14
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
2.1.6.
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
INSTRUMENT PANEL OPERATION
, on the multifunction LCD all
Turn the ignition key to
segments activate (in this way a check routine of the
components is performed) and the last function set before
vehicle stopped is displayed.
NOTE The Service icon on the LCD turns on after the first
1000 km (621 mi) and then every 10000 km (6214 mi). When
set Service mileage is 300 km (186 mi) away, the Service
icon starts blinking after the check routine performed at startup and blinks for about 5 seconds. As soon as set mileage is
reached, the icon stays on permanent until the vehicle is
Serviced.
The various functions are selected and then displayed
pressing the (MODE) button (1) located among the controls
on the left side of handlebar. Segments of the multifunction
LCD are:
•
digital clock (3),
•
odometer indicator (4),
•
unit of measurement expressed in km (5),
•
unit of measurement indicator expressed in miles (6),
•
trip meter indicator (7),
•
service warning indicator (8),
•
fuel level indicator (9)
The diagram shows the sequence of available functions:
Pulse means pressing the key and holding it for a certain
time between 0.5 sec and 3 sec.
STARTING STATE
When key is turned on, the instrument panel shows the last
selected quantity.
SETTING THE TIME
From the odometer function, hold the MODE button for more
than 3 seconds to enter time setting mode.
For safety reasons, this should be performed with vehicle
stopped, i.e. when vehicle speed equals zero.
When entering the hour setting mode, the display will switch
off two digits; the other two are the ones being set and will
increase on each pulse of the MODE button.
Press again the button for more than 3 seconds to enter
minute setting mode, in this case the two digits for hours are
switched off and the remaining two will increase on each
pulse of the MODE button.
If you press the button for more than 3 seconds, display
goes back to hour setting mode.
If no key is disturbed for 3 seconds, the display automatically
goes back to the state set before entering setting mode. The
marks dividing hours and minutes will flash when in setting
mode.
2 - 15
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
TRIP METER RESET
From the trip meter function, hold the MODE button for more
than 3 seconds to reset it.
SELECTING KM OR MILES
From the battery function, hold the MODE button for more
than 10 seconds to toggle between Km and miles reading
both for odometer and tachometer (if on the display).
While button is being pressed, indication of current unit of
measurement (Km or Miles) will flash with a frequency of
1Hz.
If button is released before 10 seconds have elapsed, unit of
measurement is not changed.
More functions
SOFTWARE VERSION
Software version is displayed when battery is activated.
SERVICE
When the vehicle is started, just after ignition check routine,
the Service icon will flash for 5 seconds if the following
scheduled Service is less than 300 Km (200 Miles) away.
As soon as the vehicle reaches set Service mileage, the
Service icon is fixed on until it is reset.
SERVICE RESET
The service icon is reset by holding the MODE button for
more than 10 seconds when the key is turned on: the
instrument panel will not show any warning for the first 5
seconds, then the Service icon will flash with a frequency of
1Hz during the next 5 seconds.
ODOMETER RESET
In order to allow end of line inspections, it should be possible
to reset the odometer (only once) within the first 200Km (124
mi) of mileage.
Resetting procedure is the same as Service reset.
If odometer is reset during the end of line inspections, even
the service counter should be reset, so that it will first come
on when odometer indicates 1000km (621 mi).
TRIP METER RESET
•
Hold down the Mode button (1) for at least three
seconds.
NOTE The displayed function will be displayed.
DIGITAL ODOMETER
The segments making up the odometer function in the LCD
are:
•
•
•
•
Trip meter icon (5)
Six-digit indication (2)
Unit of measurement expressed in km (3)
Unit of measurement expressed in miles (4)
Press the MODE button a few times to enter the “TRIP”
mode
2 - 16
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
TRIP RESET TRIP 1/TRIP 2
•
Press and hold (MODE) button (1) for more than three
seconds when selected TRIP meter is displayed.
NOTE The displayed function will be reset.
The warning lights should be visible even when under direct
sunlight.
TURN INDICATORS
This light should use a green LED that turns on at the same
time as the turn indicators.
FUEL RESERVE
This light should use an orange LED that turns on when the
vehicle is using the fuel reserve.
OIL ALARM
This light should use a red LED that indicates oil pressure
alarm.
HIGH BEAM
This light should use a blue LED and should turn on when
the high beam is on.
EFI
This light should use a red LED and indicates failures of the
engine control unit.
EXTERNAL ANTITHEFT SYSTEM
This light should use a red LED and is piloted by a possible
external antitheft system (i.e. it is not managed by the
microprocessor)
2 - 17
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
2.2.
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
2.2.1.
BRAKING SYSTEM
DANGER
It is fundamental that air is bled off the
hydraulic circuit after the brakes have been
refitted and the braking system has been
restored to its standard operating conditions,
since it would be very dangerous for the vehicle
and the rider not to do so.
NOTE This vehicle is equipped with a braking system
consisting of:
-
two disc brakes at the front;
one disc brake at the rear;
a delay valve under the headlight.
Action on the right (front) brake lever causes pressure on the
front left brake calliper.
Action on the left (rear) brake lever causes, through the
delay valve, a pressure on the front right brake calliper and
on the rear brake calliper.
BLEEDING THE FRONT BRAKE
NOTE The following procedure applies to both front brake
callipers.
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the rubber protection cap from bleed valve
(1).
Slide a clear plastic tube onto front calliper bleed valve
(1) and set the other end of the tube in a collector tank.
Pull and quickly release the brake lever of the relevant
calliper a few times, then keep it pulled.
Loosen the bleed valve (1) by 1/4 of a turn so as the
brake fluid flows in the container, this will remove any
tension from the lever and help it travel fully home.
Repeat process until the fluid draining into the
container is totally clear of air bubbles.
NOTE While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up reservoir
with brake fluid as required. Make sure there is always some
fluid in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
Tighten the bleed valve (1) and remove the tube.
Top up to restore correct level inside front brake fluid
reservoir.
Refit the rubber cap.
2 - 18
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
BLEEDING THE REAR BRAKE
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the rubber protection cap from bleed valve
(2).
Slide a clear plastic tube onto rear calliper bleed valve
(2) and set the other end of the tube in a collector tank.
Pull and quickly release the rear brake lever a few
times, then keep it pulled.
Loosen the bleed valve by 1/4 of a turn so as the brake
fluid flows in the container, this will remove any
tension from the lever and help it travel fully home.
Repeat process until the fluid draining into the
container is totally clear of air bubbles.
NOTE While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up reservoir
with brake fluid as required. Make sure there is always some
fluid in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
Tighten the bleed valve (2) and remove the tube.
Top up to restore correct level inside rear brake fluid
reservoir.
Refit the rubber cap.
BLEEDING THE BRAKE FORCE DISTRIBUTION
NOTE If the rear brake lever still feels "spongy" after
bleeding the front and rear braking systems or in case the
brake force distributor is replaced, proceed as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Remove the front cover, see (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
Remove the rubber protection cap from bleed valve
(3).
Slide a clear plastic tube onto bleed valve (3) and set
the other end of the tube in a collector tank.
Pull and quickly release the rear brake lever a few
times, then keep it pulled.
Loosen the bleed valve (3) by 1/4 of a turn so as the
brake fluid flows in the container, this will remove any
tension from the lever and help it travel fully home.
Repeat process until the fluid draining into the
container is totally clear of air bubbles.
NOTE While bleeding the hydraulic circuit, top up rear brake
reservoir with brake fluid as required. Make sure there is
always some fluid in the reservoir throughout the process.
•
•
•
Tighten the bleed valve (3) and remove the tube.
Top up to restore correct level inside rear brake fluid
reservoir.
Refit the rubber cap.
2 - 19
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
2.2.2.
AIR FILTER
To clean the filtering element it is necessary to remove it
from the vehicle.
REMOVAL
•
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
•
Unscrew and remove the nine screws (1).
•
•
Remove the air box cover complete with filter.
Check the filtering element and change it if required.
CLEANING
WARNING
Do not use petrol or inflammable solvents to
wash the filtering element, in order to avoid
fires or explosions.
Use compressed air only.
Blow the filtering element with compressed air.
NEVER SMEAR THE FILTERING ELEMENT
WITH OIL. Any oil seeping into the belt casing
would damage the belt and cause it to slip.
2 - 20
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
2.2.3.
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
COOLANT
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
WARNING
Wait for the engine to cool down before
checking or topping up coolant level.
•
Stop the engine and wait until it has cooled down.
NOTE Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
•
•
Remove the front cover, see (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
Ensure that fluid level inside expansion tank (2) is
between “MIN” and “MAX” notches.
MIN = minimum level.
MAX = maximum level.
If not so:
•
Loosen the filler plug (1) (by turning it anticlockwise),
without removing it.
•
Wait a few seconds in order to release any residual
pressure.
•
Unscrew and remove the plug (1).
WARNING
Do not add additives or other substances to the
fluid.
•
•
•
Top up with coolant, see (LUBRICANT CHART), until
level reaches approximately “MAX” mark.
Level should not exceed this mark, or fluid will leak out
during engine operation.
Put back the filling cap (1).
WARNING
If coolant level drops too quickly or the
expansion tank is empty, check the cooling
circuit for leaks.
2 - 21
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
2.2.4.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
NOTE Only use recommended oil, see (LUBRICANT
CHART)
•
Ride for a few kilometres to warm up engine to
operating temperature then stop the engine.
CHECK
•
•
Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
WARNING
Allow several minutes for the engine and
exhaust system to cool down.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick (1).
Clean the part in contact with the oil with a clean cloth.
Tighten the plug/dipstick (1) completely, screwing it
into the filling hole.
Withdraw the plug/dipstick (1) again and read the oil
level on the dipstick itself.
Level is correct when it reaches approximately the first
notch above the spot.
If necessary, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
•
•
•
•
Pour a small quantity of oil in the filling hole and wait
about one minute, so that the oil flows into the oil pan.
Check the oil level and top up if necessary.
Top up by adding small quantities of oil, until reaching
the prescribed level.
At the end of the operation, screw and tighten the plugdipstick (1).
NOTE Do not use the vehicle with insufficient lubrication or
with contaminated or unsuitable lubricants, since this would
cause early wear of the moving parts and may also cause
irreparable failures.
2 - 22
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
CHANGE
•
•
Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
WARNING
Allow several minutes for the engine and
exhaust system to cool down.
•
Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick (1).
•
Set a collector tank with a capacity of more than 300
cu.cm (18.3 cu.in) under drain screw (2).
Loosen and remove the drain screw.
After draining all transmission fluid, tighten the drain
screw (2).
Pour about 250 cu.cm (15.2 cu.in) of transmission fluid
into the filler opening.
Screw and tighten the plug/dipstick (1).
Start the engine and let it run for several minutes. Stop
the engine and let it cool down.
Check again transmission fluid level.
•
•
•
•
•
•
2 - 23
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
2.2.5.
ENGINE OIL
CHECKING AND TOPPING UP
NOTE Only use recommended oil, see (LUBRICANT
CHART)
When topping up the engine oil, never exceed the "MAX"
level.
CHECK
•
•
Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
WARNING
Allow several minutes for the engine and
exhaust system to cool down.
Stop the engine and let it cool down, in order to allow the oil
to flow into the oil pan and to cool down.
NOTE Failure to perform the operations described above
may result in the incorrect measurement of the engine oil
level.
•
•
•
•
Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick (1).
Clean the part in contact with the oil with a clean cloth.
Tighten the plug/dipstick (1) completely, screwing it
into the filling hole (2).
Withdraw the plug/dipstick (1) again and read the oil
level on the dipstick itself:
MAX = maximum level;
MIN = minimum level.
•
The level is correct if the oil reaches approx. the "MAX"
mark on the dipstick.
DANGER
Never exceed the "MAX" mark or let oil level
drop below the "MIN" mark, as this may lead to
severe engine damage.
•
If necessary, provide for topping up.
TOPPING UP
•
•
•
•
Pour a small quantity of oil in the filling hole (2) and
wait about one minute, so that the oil flows into the oil
pan.
Check the oil level and top up if necessary.
Top up by adding small quantities of oil, until reaching
the prescribed level.
At the end of the operation, screw and tighten the
plug/dipstick (1).
NOTE Do not use the vehicle with insufficient lubrication or
with contaminated or unsuitable lubricants, since this would
cause early wear of the moving parts and may also cause
irreparable failures.
2 - 24
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION
CHANGING ENGINE OIL AND OIL FILTER
NOTE Position the vehicle on firm and flat ground.
•
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
WARNING
Allow several minutes for the engine and
exhaust system to cool down.
•
Stop the engine and let it cool down, in order to allow
the oil to flow into the oil pan and to cool down.
•
•
Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick (1).
Set a container under engine oil filter.
•
Unscrew and remove the oil cartridge filter.
WARNING
Used oil contains substances that are very
dangerous for the environment. Dispose of
used oil in accordance with applicable
regulations.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Unscrew and remove the oil drain plug (3) and let all
engine oil flow inside the container.
Install a new oil cartridge filter. Lubricate the filter Orings with oil before installation.
Screw and tighten the engine oil drain plug (3).
Pour about 1700 cu.cm (103.7 cu.in) of engine oil into
the filler opening.
Screw and tighten the plug/dipstick (1).
Start the engine and let it run for several minutes. Stop
the engine and let it cool down.
Check again engine oil level.
2 - 25
FUEL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
FUEL SYSTEM
3
3-1
FUEL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
3.1.
FUEL TANK ..................................................................................................................................................... 3
3.1.1.
FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM DIAGRAM...................................................................................................... 3
3.1.2.
REMOVING THE TANK ......................................................................................................................... 4
3.2.
AIR FILTER ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
3.2.1.
REMOVING THE AIR BOX .................................................................................................................... 6
3.3.
DIAGNOSIS..................................................................................................................................................... 8
3.3.1.
AXONE................................................................................................................................................... 8
3-2
SCARABEO 500
3.1.
3.1.1.
FUEL SYSTEM
FUEL TANK
FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Fuel tank
Tank plug
Fuel level sensor
Fuel pump
Fuel pump ring nut seal
Fuel pump ring nut
Heat shield
Washer
Plate
Rubber block
Clip M6
Flanged Hex.screw M6X20
Fuel line D5.5X10
Washer 6.6X18X1.6
3-3
FUEL SYSTEM
3.1.2.
•
•
•
•
•
•
REMOVING THE TANK
Remove the front cover, see (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
Remove the tail guard, see (REMOVING THE TAIL
GUARD)
Remove
the
footboard
(REMOVING
THE
FOOTBOARD)
Remove the leg guards, see (REMOVING THE FORK
LEGS)
Remove the front mudguard by loosening the four
inner retaining screws.
Loosen and remove the two spoiler front screws.
•
Disconnect electric connection and fuel delivery and
inlet lines.
•
Working on the left side, disconnect the electric
connector; working on the right side, slide off the hose.
•
Move the spoiler toward the mudguard so to gain
access to tank bottom and front ends.
Working on either side, loosen and remove the screw
securing the rear lower support crosspiece.
Remove the crosspiece.
•
•
3-4
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the two
screws securing the front lower support crosspiece.
Remove the crosspiece.
•
Loosen and remove the tank front retaining screw.
•
•
Loosen and remove the tank rear retaining screw.
Detach the tank from the frame and remove it.
FUEL SYSTEM
3-5
FUEL SYSTEM
3.2.
3.2.1.
•
AIR FILTER
REMOVING THE AIR BOX
Working on the left side, loosen and remove the two
side securing screws from rear mudguard and collect
both washers.
NOTE On refitting, pay special attention to the length of the
securing screws as the rear screw is shorter.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the oil
recovery flange.
•
Slide the flange out of its seat.
3-6
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Loosen the screw of the air filter inner support.
•
•
Loosen the intake manifold clamp.
Remove the bleeder.
•
Remove the air box.
FUEL SYSTEM
3-7
FUEL SYSTEM
3.3.
SCARABEO 500
DIAGNOSIS
3.3.1.
AXONE
SYMBOL
SCREEN
ISO
ENGINE PARAMETER READING
DEVICE STATUS (in general they are “On – Off” values)
DEVICES ACTIVATION
ERRORS DISPLAY
ADJUSTABLE PARAMETERS
FREEZE FRAME
SCREEN
DESCRIPTION
APPROXIMATE
VALUES
UNIT OF
MEASURE
NOTES
ISO
3-8
Aprilia hardware
XXXXXX000
-
Aprilia software
Revision number
Engine
Manufactured on
Mapping
XX
500 cc
dd/mm/yy
XXXXXX
-
Programming date
dd/mm/yy
-
Last programmer
XXXXX
-
Mapping code with reversed figures. If
all figures are nought, it means that the
ECU is empty (not mapped): it is
necessary to upload the suitable
mapping (see note concerning mapping
parameter)
Meaningless field
Single-cylinder engine, 500cc
ECU date of manufacture
Mapping code stored in ECU.
Date last mapping was loaded:
day/month/year
ID code for the PC or Axone tester that
loaded the latest mapping. In this 5.0.2
version, the code shown is not correct:
to see it correctly, go to ISO page that
appears when selecting REPROGRAM
FUEL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
SCREEN
DESCRIPTION
APPROXIMATE
VALUES
UNIT OF
MEASURE
Water temperature
-
°C
Air temperature
-
°C
Engine rpm
-
rpm
Target idle rpm
1700
rpm
Ignition advance
Trimmer TPS
-
°
Idle motor
50
Steps
NOTES
ENGINE
PARAMETER
READING
Battery voltage
Engine phase number within
which more than a tooth
0/1
was missed since the
beginning of the trip
Engine phase number within
which just a tooth was
0/1
missed since the beginning
of the trip
Actual to target steps
difference
V
Lambda correction
1
-
Lambda sensor
100-900
mV
Injection time
-
ms
Atmospheric pressure
760
mmHg
Measured with sensor on engine
Temperature measured at engine
intake (sensor in throttle housing). Note
that the temperature at the instrument
panel is measured by a different sensor
Measured with crankshaft speed
sensor
The ECU attempts to bring the engine
to this target speed (depending on
engine temperature).
Ignition advance relative to TDC
Stepper (idle) motor position, example
value measured with warm engine
Voltage measured at battery terminals
1 if many teeth are missing
1 if one tooth is missing
Steps
Partial load self-adaptation
mg/cc
Idle control self-adaptation
mg/cc
Gain control adaptation
%
Difference between target and actual
steps of the stepper motor
The value must vary around 1 when the
ECU uses the oxygen sensor signal to
keep combustion close to the
stoichiometric value
Voltage of the signal of the Lambda
sensor: this is a fixed value when the
circuit is interrupted
Injector activation time
Atmospheric pressure of air (for
mapping)
Parameter for self-adjustment of
lambda sensor when under partial load
Parameter for self-adjustment of
lambda sensor at idle speed
Parameter for self-adjustment of
lambda sensor at full load
3-9
FUEL SYSTEM
SCREEN
SCARABEO 500
DESCRIPTION
APPROXIMATE
VALUES
UNIT OF
MEASURE
Engine status
OFF / rotating
-
Signal panel
Synchronized/Not
sync
-
Idle/full load
on/off
Lambda sensor ON
on/off
NOTES
DEVICE
STATUS
Engine stationary or in rotation
Synchronized if the ECU detects
correct synchronisation (by way of
crankshaft speed sensor)
ON when engine is idling
ON if the ECU is using the lambda
sensor signal to maintain stoichiometric
combustion
ADJUSTABLE
PARAMETERS
Throttle
learning
position
Self-adaptive
reset
parameter
Error clearing
Fuel pump
Coil
Revolution counter
Injectors
Electric fan
Stepper motor
3 - 10
self-
Simply press the enter button to save
the closed throttle position in memory
Reset self-adjusting lambda sensor
parameters (in the event of installation
of a new engine, a new lambda sensor
or a new injector)
Press "enter" to transfer errors from the
memory (MEM) to the historical record
(STO). The next time Axone is
connected to the ECU, the errors in the
historical record (STO) will no longer be
displayed
The device is activated: in the event
that the device is not activated
successfully this will be immediately
indicated in the Axone screen
The device is activated: in the event
that the device is not activated
successfully this will be immediately
indicated in the Axone screen
The device is activated: in the event
that the device is not activated
successfully this will be immediately
indicated in the Axone screen
The device is activated: in the event
that the device is not activated
successfully this will be immediately
indicated in the Axone screen
The device is activated: in the event
that the device is not activated
successfully this will be immediately
indicated in the Axone screen
The device is activated: in the event
that the device is not activated
successfully this will be immediately
indicated in the Axone screen
FUEL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
SCREEN
DESCRIPTION
APPROXIMATE
VALUES
UNIT OF
SIZE
Throttle
-
-
Pressure
-
-
Lambda sensor
-
-
Water temperature
-
-
Air temperature (°C):
-
-
Battery voltage
-
-
Injector
-
-
Coil
-
-
Idle motor
-
-
Fuel pump relay
-
-
Electric fan
-
-
NOTES
ERRORS
DISPLAY
Self-adaptive parameters
RAM memory
ROM memory
EEPROM
Microprocessor
Signal panel
-
-
In the event of an interruption in the
throttle position sensor signal
In the event of an interruption in the
atmospheric pressure sensor signal
Appears if the sensor signal circuit is
interrupted
Open in the sensor, the circuit or the
relative connectors
Open in the sensor, the circuit or the
relative connectors
Open in the sensor, the circuit or the
relative connectors
Open in the sensor, the circuit or the
relative connectors
Open in the sensor, the circuit or the
relative connectors
Open in the sensor, the circuit or the
relative connectors
ECU internal error
ECU internal error
ECU internal error
ECU internal error
If the crankshaft speed sensor is
disconnected this error will not be
displayed
From the Adjustable parameters page, it is possible to:
•
reset the throttle position sensor,
•
initialise the ECU, i.e. reset the throttle position sensor, reset the stepper (idle) motor and reset the self-adaptive
parameters for lambda control.
•
initialise the ECU, necessary in case a new ECU is installed
Reset the throttle position sensor
Throttle position sensor reset should be performed in case the throttle body and/or the ECU are changed.
•
Select: ”Throttle position self-learning”.
•
Ensure that the throttle is fully home
•
Press ENTER “
“.
•
Turn the key to “OFF” and allow at least 30 seconds.
ECU initialisation
ECU should be initialised in case important engine parts (valves, cylinder, camshaft), exhaust system parts, ECU
components,
fuel
feed
system
parts,
lambda sensor parts are replaced.
The three self-adaptive correction factors for lambda control concerning injection time are electronically reset.
•
Select:”initialisation”.
•
Ensure that the throttle is fully home
•
Press ENTER “
“.
•
Turn the key to “OFF” and allow at least 30 seconds.
Initialisation allows activation of the new ECU
•
Select: ”initialise ECU”.
•
Follow the instructions given to activate the ECU
•
Turn the key to “OFF” and allow at least 30 seconds.
3 - 11
ENGINE
SCARABEO 500
ENGINE
4
4-1
ENGINE
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
4.1.
ENGINE ........................................................................................................................................................... 3
4.1.1.
REMOVING THE ENGINE FROM THE FRAME.................................................................................... 3
4.1.2.
INSTALLING THE ENGINE ................................................................................................................. 17
4-2
SCARABEO 500
4.1.
4.1.1.
ENGINE
ENGINE
REMOVING THE ENGINE FROM THE FRAME
•
•
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
Remove the tail guard, see (REMOVING THE TAIL
GUARD)
•
Remove the helmet compartment, see (REMOVING
THE HELMET COMPARTMENT).
NOTE Before proceeding with the operations, take a
container of adequate capacity to collect possible coolant
spillage.
•
Loosen the clamp.
4-3
ENGINE
•
Slide the hose out.
NOTE Remove the expansion tank plug to let the coolant
flow out.
•
Drain the system.
•
Working on the right side, loosen and remove the two
side securing screws from rear mudguard and collect
both shims.
•
Working on the left side, loosen and remove the two
side securing screws from rear mudguard and collect
both washers.
NOTE On refitting, pay special attention to the length of the
securing screws as the rear screw is shorter.
•
4-4
Remove the mudguard.
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the oil
recovery flange.
•
Slide the flange out of its seat.
•
Loosen the screw of the air filter inner support.
•
•
Loosen the intake manifold clamp.
Remove the bleeder.
ENGINE
4-5
ENGINE
•
Remove the air box.
•
Set up the lift hoist and fasten the vehicle suitably with
the lifting slings.
•
Loosen and remove the upper securing screw of the
right shock absorber and collect the nut.
•
Move the shock absorber away
4-6
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Loosen and remove the lower securing screw of the left
shock absorber and collect the nut.
•
Move the shock absorber away
•
Loosen the adjusters and slide throttle cables out.
•
Remove air temperature sensor.
ENGINE
4-7
ENGINE
NOTE Before proceeding with the operations, take a
container of adequate capacity to collect possible coolant
spillage.
•
Loosen the thermostatic valve clamp.
•
Remove the spark plug cap.
•
Remove the injector control sensor.
•
Slide the fuel lines out.
4-8
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw of the fuel lines
and collect the washer.
•
Disconnect the coolant temperature sensor.
•
Remove the clamp.
•
Disconnect the lambda sensor connector.
ENGINE
4-9
ENGINE
•
Disconnect the stepper motor connector.
•
Disconnect the throttle position sensor.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw of the ground
wires.
•
•
Open cable guide
Release the oil pressure sensor cable from the cable
guide.
4 - 10
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Disconnect the oil pressure sensor.
•
Working on both sides, loosen and remove the side
securing screw.
•
•
Slightly lift the central fairing.
Remove and disconnect the generator connector.
•
Loosen the exhaust manifold clamp.
ENGINE
4 - 11
ENGINE
•
•
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
exhaust pipe clamp.
Push in the exhaust and remove the upper pin securing
the clamp.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
exhaust pipe.
Remove the exhaust pipe.
•
Remove the safety split pin.
•
Remove the cap.
4 - 12
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Have an assistant apply the rear brake while you
loosen and remove the rear securing nut from the
plate.
•
Loosen and remove the two front securing nuts from
the plate.
•
Remove the support plate.
ENGINE
4 - 13
ENGINE
NOTE Place a suitable support on the vehicle lower side.
•
•
Loosen and remove the five screws securing the
wheel.
Remove the wheel.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the rear
brake line, collect the spacer.
•
•
Loosen and remove the two securing screws from the
rear brake calliper.
Move the calliper away.
•
Remove the protection element.
4 - 14
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
•
ENGINE
Loosen and remove the securing nut from the positive
cable.
Release the positive cable.
•
Working on the right side, loosen and remove the
securing nut from the swinging arm shaft and collect
the washer.
•
Remove the clamp.
4 - 15
ENGINE
•
Loosen and remove the securing nut from the
connecting rod and collect the washer and the silent
block.
•
Loosen the pin and collect the washer.
•
Release slings from hoist supporting the vehicle rear
end and remove the frame from the engine.
4 - 16
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
4.1.2.
•
INSTALLING THE ENGINE
•
Move the frame bit by bit until fastening holes are
aligned.
Fit the washer between swingarm shaft and frame
during this procedure.
Working on the left side, fit the shaft.
•
Completely tighten the shaft fully home.
•
Working on the right side, tighten engine shaft nut.
•
•
Working on the left side, tighten the lock nut.
Fasten the clamp.
•
ENGINE
4 - 17
ENGINE
•
Set the silent block with washer and tighten the nut.
•
•
Set the positive cable.
Tighten the nut.
•
Fit the protection element.
•
•
Fit the rear brake calliper.
Tighten the two securing screws on the rear brake
calliper.
4 - 18
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Set the rear brake line guide and spacer, then tighten
its screw.
•
•
Fit the wheel.
Tighten the five wheel screws.
•
Fit the support plate.
•
Fit and tighten the two front nuts on support plate.
ENGINE
4 - 19
ENGINE
•
Fit the shim.
•
•
Fit the plate rear nut.
Have an assistant apply the rear brake while you
tighten the rear securing nut on the plate.
•
Fit the cap.
•
Fit the safety split pin.
4 - 20
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
•
Fit the tailpipe.
Fit and tighten the securing screw on the exhaust pipe.
•
Fit and tighten the securing screw on the exhaust pipe
clamp.
Push in the exhaust and fit the upper pin securing the
clamp.
•
•
Fasten the exhaust manifold clamp.
•
•
Slightly lift the central fairing.
Connect the main connector and set it under the
central fairing.
ENGINE
4 - 21
ENGINE
•
Working on both sides, fit and tighten the side securing
screw.
•
Connect the oil pressure sensor.
•
•
Fit the oil pressure sensor cable.
Secure the two clamps.
•
Connect the throttle position sensor.
4 - 22
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Connect the stepper motor connector.
•
•
Connect the lambda sensor connector.
Fasten the clamp.
•
Connect the coolant temperature sensor.
•
Fit the fuel lines.
ENGINE
4 - 23
ENGINE
•
Fit the hose stop washer and then fit and tighten the
fuel lines retaining screw.
•
Fit the injector control sensor.
•
Fit the spark plug cap.
•
•
Fit the coolant hose.
Tighten the clamp on thermostatic valve.
4 - 24
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Fit the air temperature sensor.
•
Fit throttle cables and tighten the adjusters.
•
Install the shock absorber.
•
Set the shock absorber screw and tighten the nut.
ENGINE
4 - 25
ENGINE
•
Install the shock absorber.
•
Set the right shock absorber screw and tighten the nut.
•
•
Fit the air box.
Fit the bleeder.
•
Fit the intake manifold and tighten the clamp.
4 - 26
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Fit and tighten the screw on air filter internal support.
•
Fit the flange.
•
Fit and tighten the securing screw from the oil recovery
flange.
•
Fit the mudguard.
ENGINE
4 - 27
ENGINE
•
Working on the left side, fit and tighten the two side
securing screws on rear mudguard with washers.
•
Working on the right side, fit and tighten the two side
securing screws on rear mudguard with shims.
•
•
•
Fit the hose.
Tighten the clamp.
Fill up the cooling circuit.
•
Set the helmet compartment, see (REMOVING THE
HELMET COMPARTMENT).
4 - 28
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
ENGINE
Set the tail guard, see (REMOVING THE TAIL
GUARD)
4 - 29
CYCLE PARTS
SCARABEO 500
CYCLE PARTS
5
5-1
CYCLE PARTS
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
5.1.
OUTER STRUCTURES................................................................................................................................... 3
5.1.1.
REMOVING THE SEAT ......................................................................................................................... 3
5.1.2.
REMOVING THE FRONT COVER ........................................................................................................ 4
5.1.3.
REMOVING THE TAIL GUARD ............................................................................................................. 5
5.1.4.
REMOVING THE HELMET COMPARTMENT ....................................................................................... 9
5.1.5.
REMOVING THE FOOTREST ............................................................................................................. 13
5.1.6.
REMOVING THE INSTRUMENT PANEL ............................................................................................ 14
5.1.7.
REMOVING THE HEADLIGHT ............................................................................................................ 15
5.1.8.
REMOVING THE SEAT RELEASING SYSTEM .................................................................................. 17
5.2.
EXHAUST SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................................... 18
5.2.1.
REMOVING THE EXHAUST SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 18
5.3.
FRONT WHEEL............................................................................................................................................. 20
5.3.1.
FRONT WHEEL DIAGRAM ................................................................................................................. 20
5.3.2.
REMOVING THE FRONT WHEEL ...................................................................................................... 21
5.4.
REAR WHEEL ............................................................................................................................................... 22
5.4.1.
REAR WHEEL DIAGRAM.................................................................................................................... 22
5.4.2.
REMOVING THE REAR WHEEL ......................................................................................................... 23
5.5.
BRAKING SYSTEM....................................................................................................................................... 26
5.5.1.
BRAKING SYSTEM DIAGRAM............................................................................................................ 26
5.5.2.
CHANGING THE PADS ....................................................................................................................... 28
5.5.3.
REMOVING THE BRAKE FORCE DISTRIBUTION............................................................................. 30
5.6.
FRONT FORK ............................................................................................................................................... 31
5.6.1.
FRONT FORK DIAGRAM .................................................................................................................... 31
5.6.2.
REMOVING THE FORK LEGS ............................................................................................................ 32
5.6.3.
DRAINING OIL..................................................................................................................................... 34
5.6.4.
DISASSEMBLING THE FORK............................................................................................................. 36
5.6.5.
FILLING OIL......................................................................................................................................... 38
5.6.6.
CHECKING THE COMPONENTS ....................................................................................................... 40
5.6.7.
REASSEMBLING THE FORK.............................................................................................................. 41
5-2
SCARABEO 500
5.1.
CYCLE PARTS
OUTER STRUCTURES
5.1.1.
REMOVING THE SEAT
To remove the seat you first need to raise it. To do this you
can:
either use the supplied remote control and press the
button (1) to automatically open the seat.
-
•
•
•
•
or insert and press the key in the switch.
The
glove
compartment
opens
automatically.
Pull the left lever to manually open the seat.
Raise the seat.
Remove the central inspection cover.
Remove the split pin.
Remove the seat.
5-3
CYCLE PARTS
5.1.2.
REMOVING THE FRONT COVER
•
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
•
Completely turn the handlebar to the right and
remove the top screw.
NOTE Proceed in the same way on the opposite side,
turning handlebar to the left.
•
Completely turn the handlebar to the right and
remove the bottom screw.
NOTE Proceed in the same way on the opposite side,
turning handlebar to the left.
•
Slightly raise the cover lower end and remove it by
sliding it out of the tabs.
WARNING
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tabs and/or their seats.
When the front cover is removed you can gain access to:
expansion tank;
control unit;
immobilizer;
turn indicator lamps;
voltage regulator,
horn;
relay
bank angle sensor;
5-4
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.1.3.
CYCLE PARTS
REMOVING THE TAIL GUARD
•
Position the vehicle on the centre stand.
•
Working on either side, open the passenger
footrest.
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the
three screws from footrests.
NOTE The rear screw is longer than the front ones, ensure
to refit it in the correct position.
•
Working on either side, remove both passenger
footrests.
•
Raise the seat.
•
Loosen and remove the two top screws from central
inspection cover.
•
Loosen and remove the lower screw on central
inspection cover
•
•
Lower the seat.
Remove the central inspection cover.
5-5
CYCLE PARTS
•
Loosen and remove the two tail guard front screws.
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the two
side lower screws.
•
Loosen and remove the four screws from grab
handle cover.
•
5-6
Remove the cover.
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
CYCLE PARTS
•
Loosen and remove the three screws securing the
grab handle.
NOTE The centre screw is longer than the side ones, ensure
to refit it in the correct position.
•
Remove the tail light top cover.
•
Loosen and remove the two tail guard rear screws.
•
light.
Partially slide out the tail guard together with tail
5-7
CYCLE PARTS
•
•
5-8
Disconnect the three connectors.
Remove the tail guard together with tail light.
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.1.4.
•
•
•
CYCLE PARTS
REMOVING THE HELMET COMPARTMENT
Raise the seat.
Loosen and remove the two battery cover screws.
Remove the battery cover.
•
Remove the tail guard, see (REMOVING THE TAIL
GUARD)
•
Remove the seat, see (REMOVING THE SEAT)
•
Disconnect the electrical connector.
•
Disconnect the cable controlling opening of seat actuator.
•
Slide out the starter relay.
5-9
CYCLE PARTS
•
SCARABEO 500
Slide out cables from helmet compartment.
•
Loosen and remove the screw securing the helmet
compartment light switch.
•
Disconnect the
compartment light switch.
•
5 - 10
two
connectors
of
Remove the helmet compartment light bulb.
helmet
SCARABEO 500
•
CYCLE PARTS
Loosen and remove the two front screws.
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the side
screws.
•
Loosen and remove the two rear screws.
•
Loosen and remove the screws securing helmet
compartment to number plate.
5 - 11
CYCLE PARTS
•
5 - 12
Remove the helmet compartment.
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.1.5.
CYCLE PARTS
REMOVING THE FOOTREST
•
Remove the tail guard, see (REMOVING THE TAIL
GUARD)
•
Remove the inner front cover, see (REMOVING
THE TANK)
•
Remove the centre tunnel, see (REMOVING THE
TANK)
•
Loosen and remove the two bottom screws.
•
Remove the plastic mat.
•
•
Loosen and remove the two top screws.
Remove the footrest.
5 - 13
CYCLE PARTS
5.1.6.
REMOVING THE INSTRUMENT PANEL
•
Remove the headlight, see (REMOVING THE
HEADLIGHT).
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the two
screws securing the front instrument panel fairing.
•
Remove the front instrument panel fairing.
•
Loosen and remove the two instrument panel top
screws.
•
Disconnect the instrument panel connector.
•
Loosen and remove the two instrument panel
bottom screws.
•
Remove the instrument panel.
5 - 14
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.1.7.
CYCLE PARTS
REMOVING THE HEADLIGHT
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
headlight frame.
•
Remove the headlight frame.
•
Remove the top shell disengaging the tabs.
WARNING
Proceed with care.
Do not damage the tabs and/or their seats.
•
Loosen and remove the two screws securing the
headlight to the frame.
5 - 15
CYCLE PARTS
•
Move aside the headlight and disconnect the
connector.
•
Carefully remove the headlight avoiding damages.
5 - 16
SCARABEO 500
CYCLE PARTS
SCARABEO 500
5.1.8.
REMOVING THE SEAT RELEASING SYSTEM
•
Remove the central inspection
(REMOVING THE TAIL GUARD)
•
Release the control cable.
cover,
see
•
cable.
Release the control cable and the seat releasing
•
•
•
Remove the connector.
Unscrew and remove the two screws.
Remove the seat releasing system.
5 - 17
CYCLE PARTS
5.2.
5.2.1.
•
EXHAUST SYSTEM
REMOVING THE EXHAUST SYSTEM
Loosen the exhaust manifold clamp.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
exhaust pipe clamp.
•
Push in the exhaust and remove the upper pin
securing the clamp.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
exhaust pipe.
5 - 18
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
CYCLE PARTS
Remove the exhaust pipe.
5 - 19
CYCLE PARTS
5.3.
5.3.1.
FRONT WHEEL
FRONT WHEEL DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Wheel shaft
Odometer sensor
Right oil seal
Right bearing
Wheel
Inner spacer
Left bearing
Left oil seal
Brake discs
Left spacer
Right spacer
NOTE Grease wheel shaft (1).
5 - 20
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.3.2.
CYCLE PARTS
REMOVING THE FRONT WHEEL
•
Working on either side, loosen and remove the two
screws from brake calliper.
•
Slide off both callipers from the front brake discs.
•
•
Place the vehicle on the front stand (OPT).
Loosen the wheel shaft screw on right fork leg.
•
Loosen and remove the wheel shaft.
•
Remove the wheel and the two external spacers.
5 - 21
CYCLE PARTS
5.4.
5.4.1.
REAR WHEEL
REAR WHEEL DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
5 - 22
Complete wheel
Split pin
Cap
Nut
External spacer
Screw
Washer
Washer
Inner spacer
Wheel hub
Brake disc
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.4.2.
CYCLE PARTS
REMOVING THE REAR WHEEL
•
Working on the right side, loosen and remove the
two side securing screws from rear mudguard and collect
both shims.
•
Loosen the exhaust manifold clamp.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
exhaust pipe clamp.
•
Push in the exhaust and remove the upper pin
securing the clamp.
•
Loosen and remove the securing screw from the
exhaust pipe.
•
Remove the exhaust pipe.
5 - 23
CYCLE PARTS
•
Remove the safety split pin.
•
Remove the cap.
•
Have an assistant apply the rear brake while you
loosen and remove the rear securing nut from the plate.
5 - 24
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
CYCLE PARTS
•
Loosen and remove the two front securing nuts
from the plate.
•
Remove the support plate.
NOTE Place a suitable support on the vehicle lower side.
•
wheel.
•
Loosen and remove the five screws securing the
Remove the wheel.
5 - 25
CYCLE PARTS
5.5.
5.5.1.
5 - 26
BRAKING SYSTEM
BRAKING SYSTEM DIAGRAM
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
CYCLE PARTS
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
Front right brake calliper
Front left brake calliper
Pads – set
Kit pins + clip
Bleeder
Bleeder cap
TCEI screw M8x35
Front brake line
Front calliper brake force distributor line
Delay valve
Flanged Hex.screw M6X35
Brake line from m. cylinder to brake force distributor
Drilled screw
Bleeder
Bleeder cap
Oil line screw
Washer 10X14X1.6
Pads – sets
Kit for calliper ovhl
Rear brake calliper
Rear calliper mount
Flanged Hex.screw M8X40
Rear calliper brake force distributor line
Oil line screw
Washer 10X14X1.6
Pads – set
Bleeder
Bleeder cap
Kit pins + clip
Flanged Hex.screw M8X50
Flanged Hex.screw M6X16
Flanged Hex.screw M6X25
5 - 27
CYCLE PARTS
5.5.2.
SCARABEO 500
CHANGING THE PADS
FRONT BRAKE
•
Remove the calliper, see (REMOVING
FRONT WHEEL).
•
Unscrew and remove the central screw (1).
THE
WARNING
These operations apply to both brake callipers.
•
Release the retainer (2).
•
Slide off the two pins (3).
•
Slide out the brake pads.
WARNING
Always change both pads and ensure they are
correctly in place inside the calliper.
Do not reverse retainer (2) position upon
reassembly.
•
•
•
•
•
discs.
5 - 28
Install two new brake pads.
Slide in the two pins (3).
Refit the retainer (2).
Tighten the central screw (1).
Correctly install the brake callipers onto brake
SCARABEO 500
CYCLE PARTS
REAR BRAKE
•
Remove the rear wheel, see (REMOVING THE
REAR WHEEL).
•
Remove the circlip.
•
Slide the pin.
•
Remove the spring.
WARNING
On spring is an arrow that should always be
pointing in the direction of travel.
•
Slide out the brake pads.
WARNING
Always change both pads and ensure they are
correctly in place inside the calliper.
•
•
•
•
Install two new brake pads.
Insert the spring.
Fit the pin.
Fit the circlip.
5 - 29
CYCLE PARTS
5.5.3.
REMOVING THE BRAKE FORCE DISTRIBUTION
•
Remove the front cover, see (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
•
Loosen and remove the three screws securing the
immobilizer control unit.
•
Move aside the immobilizer control unit keeping it
connected to the wiring.
•
Drain the braking system.
•
Loosen and remove the two screws (1) and bleed
valve (2), collect the gaskets.
NOTE Mark the brake lines to ensure correct position at
reassembly.
•
Protect the three brake lines to avoid fluid leakage.
•
Loosen and remove the two screws (3) securing the
brake force distributor.
•
Remove the brake force distributor.
NOTE When reassembling, bleed the braking system, see
(BRAKING SYSTEM).
5 - 30
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.6.
5.6.1.
CYCLE PARTS
FRONT FORK
FRONT FORK DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Fork base tube
Fork clamp screws
O-ring
Snap ring
Seal plug
Spring
Damping rod
Counter spring
Buffer
Left slider
Dust seal
Safety snap ring
Seal
Washer
Bushing
Left sleeve
Washer
Lower screw
Right slider
Right sleeve
Retaining screw
Sliding bush
5 - 31
CYCLE PARTS
5.6.2.
REMOVING THE FORK LEGS
•
Support the vehicle front end using slings and a
hoist.
•
Remove the front wheel, see (REMOVING THE
FRONT WHEEL).
•
Loosen and remove the front brake line guide
screw.
•
Loosen and remove the screw inside leg guard.
•
Remove the leg guard.
•
Loosen and remove the screw from speed sensor
and collect the nut.
5 - 32
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
CYCLE PARTS
Slacken the two fork leg retaining screws.
•
Remove the top circlip (2).
•
Remove the outer sleeve (3) sliding it off from the
bottom.
5 - 33
CYCLE PARTS
5.6.3.
DRAINING OIL
NOTE Before performing the following operations, prepare a
container of suitable capacity.
•
Set the sleeve in a vice.
WARNING
The slider and sleeve assembly is filled with oil:
do not turn it upside-down or excessively tilt it
during disassembly.
•
Move down plug (1) until it is possible to remove
circlip (2).
•
Remove circlip (2).
•
Remove plug (1) complete with O-ring.
•
Remove the spring (3) and allow a few seconds to
let oil drip from it.
5 - 34
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
CYCLE PARTS
Drain oil into the container pumping with the slider.
5 - 35
CYCLE PARTS
5.6.4.
DISASSEMBLING THE FORK
•
Drain oil, see (DRAINING OIL).
•
Set the slider in a vice with soft jaws (aluminium).
•
Unscrew and remove the lower screw (1), collect
the washer.
•
Slide the slider off the sleeve and collect the
bushing.
•
Slide off the damper rod (2) from the slider and
remove the spring (3).
•
5 - 36
Remove the dust seal (4) from sleeve.
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
Remove the circlip (5) from sleeve.
•
Remove the oil seal (6) from sleeve.
•
Remove the washer (7) from sleeve.
•
Remove the shell (8) from sleeve.
CYCLE PARTS
5 - 37
CYCLE PARTS
5.6.5.
FILLING OIL
•
Set the slider and sleeve assembly in a vice with
soft jaws (aluminium).
•
Pour fork oil in the assembly.
WARNING
Do not reuse oil that was previously drained.
•
Insert the spring.
•
Fit plug (1) complete with O-ring.
5 - 38
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
•
(2).
•
CYCLE PARTS
Move down plug (1) until it is possible to fit circlip
Fit circlip (2).
5 - 39
CYCLE PARTS
5.6.6.
CHECKING THE COMPONENTS
OUTER SLEEVE
•
Inspect the sliding surface for scoring and/or
scratching. Eliminate minor scoring with wet sand paper
(grain size 1).
•
Replace the stanchion if badly scored.
•
Check for stanchion buckling using a dial gauge.
•
Replace the stanchion if buckled beyond the
service limit.
Max. allowed buckling: 0.2 mm.
DANGER
NEVER attempt to straighten a buckled
stanchion as this would weaken the overall
structure leading to a dangerous riding
condition.
SLIDER
•
Inspect for damage and/or cracking. Replace if
damaged.
•
Change any component which is badly worn or
damaged.
Renew the following components on assembly:
- O-ring on plug (1);
- oil seal (2);
- dust seal (3);
5 - 40
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
5.6.7.
•
•
CYCLE PARTS
REASSEMBLING THE FORK
Set the sleeve in a vice with soft jaws (aluminium).
Fit spacer (1).
WARNING
Ensure that no foreign matter enters inside the
sleeve and slider.
NOTE Before refitting the seals and bushings, smear them
with a film of fork oil.
•
Insert the washer.
•
Fit the oil seal.
•
Install the snap ring.
5 - 41
CYCLE PARTS
•
Fit the dust seal.
•
Install the damper rod and the spring in slider.
•
Install slider with bushing (2) in sleeve.
•
•
Tighten bottom screw (3) with washer.
Fill with oil, see (FILLING OIL).
5 - 42
SCARABEO 500
COOLING SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
COOLING SYSTEM
6
6-1
COOLING SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
6.1.
COOLING SYSTEM ........................................................................................................................................ 3
6.1.1.
COOLING SYSTEM DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................. 3
6.1.2.
CHANGING THE COOLANT ................................................................................................................. 4
6.1.3.
REMOVING THE EXPANSION TANK ................................................................................................... 5
6-2
SCARABEO 500
6.1.
6.1.1.
COOLING SYSTEM
COOLING SYSTEM
COOLING SYSTEM DIAGRAM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Radiator
Expansion tank
Expansion tank support
Head-radiator hose
Pump-radiator hose
Electric fan mount
Electric fan
Spacer bushing
Top rubber block
Bottom rubber block
Clip M5
Flanged Hex.screw M5X12
Plug
Washer 6.6X18X1.6
Flanged Hex.screw M6X20
Bushing
Flanged Hex.screw M5X12
Clip M5
Clip M6
Flanged self-locking nut M6
Clamp D.16 24X8
Clamp D.16 24X8
Hose clamp
Expansion tank plug
Aluminium washer 14X22X1
Filler rubber element
Flanged TBEI screw M6X16
6-3
COOLING SYSTEM
6.1.2.
CHANGING THE COOLANT
DRAINING
NOTE Before proceeding with the operations, take a
container of adequate capacity to collect possible coolant
spillage.
•
Loosen the clamp.
•
Slide the hose out.
NOTE Remove the expansion tank plug to let the coolant
flow out.
•
Drain the system.
FILLING
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6-4
Refit the hose.
Secure it with clamp.
Remove the central inspection cover.
Remove the rubber cap.
Slacken bleed valve and fit a tube, set the other end of
tube in a container.
Top up expansion tank with coolant, see (COOLANT),
until level reaches approximately “MAX” mark.
Bleed any air, tighten the valve and carry on filling with
fluid up to “MAX” mark.
Start the engine and warm it up.
Bleed air again and top up.
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
6.1.3.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
COOLING SYSTEM
REMOVING THE EXPANSION TANK
Drain the cooling system, see (CHANGING
COOLANT).
Remove the front cover, see (REMOVING THE
FRONT COVER).
Detach breather tube (3) from expansion tank.
Loosen and remove the top screw (1) from expansion
tank.
Open the glove compartment.
Loosen the bottom screw (4) from expansion tank
through glove compartment hole.
Raise the expansion tank and disconnect the cooling
system lower tube.
Remove the expansion tank.
6-5
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
7
7-1
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
SUMMARY
7.1.
ELECTRIC COMPONENTS ............................................................................................................................ 3
7.1.1.
CHECKING THE ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS .................................................................................. 3
7.1.2.
WIRING DIAGRAM ................................................................................................................................ 5
7-2
SCARABEO 500
7.1.
7.1.1.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ELECTRIC COMPONENTS
CHECKING THE ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
7-3
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Key:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
7-4
Bank angle sensor
30A Starter relay
30A relay with diode
Headlight
Tail light
Coil with cable and cap
Main fuses
ECU
Warning horn
Voltage regulator
150A Starter relay
12V Battery
Auxiliary fuses
SCARABEO 500
SCARABEO 500
7.1.2.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
WIRING DIAGRAM
7-5
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
SCARABEO 500
Key:
WIRE COLOUR CODING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
Ar
Az
B
Bi
G
Gr
M
N
R
V
Vi
Ro
Multiple connectors
Speed sensor
Oil pressure sensor
Instrument panel
Instr. panel Diag.
Warning horn
Left dimmer switch
Rear stoplight switch
Left dimmer switch
Front stoplight switch
Fan relay
Bank angle sensor
Key relay
Key-operated switch
Case compartment light
Compartment light switch
Rear right turn indicator
Tail light
Number plate light
Rear left turn indicator
Antitheft system control unit
Case lock
Auxiliary fuses
Starter motor
Starter relay
Main fuses
Battery
Power output
Generator
Voltage regulator
Fan
H2O thermistor - engine/instrument panel
Engine air thermistor
Throttle sensor
Lambda sensor
Auxiliary injection relay
Main injection relay (polarised)
Stand switch
Fuel level sensor
Fuel pump
Spark plug
Coil
Fuel injector
Stepper motor
Rpm sensor
ECU
ECU diagnostics socket
Front left turn indicator
Front parking light
High beam
Low beam
Headlight
Front right turn indicator
Sticker and description of auxiliary fuses
Radio power supply
7-6
Orange
Light blue
Blue
White
Yellow
Grey
Brown
Black
Red
Green
Violet
Pink
AUXILIARY FUSES:
A 5A
INJECTION, STOP LIGHTS, STARTING
B 3A
LOGICS / ENGINE KILL
C 15A LIGHTS, HORN, INSTRUMENT PANEL, FAN
RELAY
D 15A POWER OUTPUT
E 3A
E.C.U. PERMANENT POWER SUPPLY
F 10A E.C.U. ALARM, ELECTRIC LOCK, CASE
LIGHT
G 15A
H 3A
I 10A
SPARE FUSE
SPARE FUSE
SPARE FUSE
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