Cadillac 2002 Eldorado Owner`s manual

2002 Cadillac Eldorado
Owner’s Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 25729636 A First Edition
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 06/11/01
All Rights Reserved
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath and
the name ELDORADO are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after
that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in
Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will
be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
ii
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle may be equipped with components and
labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols,
used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text
describing the operation or information relating to a
specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage
your vehicle.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics in the Index:
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
D
D
D
D
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
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“Engine Compartment Overview”
“Instrument Panel”
“Comfort Controls”
“Audio Systems”
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
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1-13
1-14
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Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Supplemental Inflatable
Restraint (SIR) System
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Rear Seat Passengers
Center Passenger Position
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
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Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the power seats -- how to
adjust them, and also about the reclining front seatbacks,
lumbar adjustments, head restraints, heated seats and
seatback latches.
Power Seats
The power seat controls can be adjusted the following ways:
D Move the front of the control up or down to adjust
the front portion of the cushion up or down.
D Move the rear of the control up or down to adjust the
rear portion of the cushion up or down.
D Lift up or push down the whole control to move the
entire seat up or down.
D To move the whole seat forward or rearward, slide
the control forward or rearward.
The power seat controls are located on the outboard side
of the front seat cushions.
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Power Lumbar Control (Option)
If your vehicle has this
option, the driver’s and
passenger’s controls are
located on the outboard
sides of the seat cushions.
The power lumbar support control can be adjusted the
following ways:
D To increase or decrease support, hold the control
forward or rearward.
D To move the lumbar up and down, hold the control
up or down.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes,
as it may during long trips, so should the position of
your lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
If you have the optional personalization package, the
power lumbar control can be programmed for memory
recall. For more information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” and “Memory Seat and
Mirrors” in the Index.
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Memory Seat and Mirrors (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, the controls are
located on the driver’s
door armrest.
A second mirror and seating position may be
programmed by repeating the above steps and pressing
button 2 instead of button 1. Each time button 1 or 2 is
pressed and released while the vehicle is in PARK (P),
the memory position will be recalled. Each time a
memory button is pressed, a single beep will sound.
You can also recall a seat and mirror position if your
vehicle is not in PARK (P). Press and hold either
the 1 or 2 button until seat and mirror movement is
complete. Releasing the buttons will stop adjustment.
These buttons are used to program and recall memory
settings for the driver’s seating and outside rearview mirror
positions. Use the following steps to program each button:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat (including lumbar adjustments)
and both outside mirrors to a comfortable position.
2. Press the SET button.
3. Within five seconds, press button 1. A single beep
will sound through the driver’s side front speaker to
let you know that the position has been stored.
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If you use the button with the unlock symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter to enter the vehicle, the
preset driver’s seat and mirror positions will be recalled.
The numbers on the back of the transmitters, 1 or 2,
correspond to the numbers on the driver’s armrest.
If the remote keyless entry transmitter was not used to
enter the vehicle, the last used seat and mirror positions
will be recalled when a key is inserted in the ignition
and is turned to RUN. The vehicle must be previously
programmed to turn this feature on. See “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at
any time, press one of the power seat controls or
memory buttons.
The EXIT button can be programmed to allow easy exit
for up to two drivers. Adjust the seat to a comfortable
“exit” position and then press the SET button followed
by the EXIT button. While your vehicle is in PARK (P),
briefly press the EXIT button to recall your programmed
exit position.
Heated Front Seat (Option)
The switch for the heated
front seat is located in the
center console.
Further programming for automatic seat and mirror
movement can be done using the Driver Information
Center (DIC). You can select or not select the following:
D Automatic seat and mirror movement when the
vehicle is unlocked with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, or
D automatic seat and mirror movement when a key
is placed in the ignition.
For programming information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
Move the switch to LO or HI to turn on the heating
elements in the seat. The LO setting warms the
seatback and cushion until the seat approximates body
temperature. The HI setting heats the seat to a slightly
higher temperature.
A light in the switch is on when the system is in use.
The heated seats can only be used when the ignition
is turned on.
To turn the heated front seat off, move the switch to
the center position.
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Reclining Front Seatbacks
The reclining front
seatback control is
located on the outboard
side of each front seat.
Press the control forward or rearward to adjust the seatback.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
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Head Restraints
CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The head restraints tilt forward and rearward also.
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Seatback Latches
CAUTION:
To fold the seatback
forward when it’s in the
locked position, lift the
latch and fold the seatback
at the same time.
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
The front seatback folds forward to let people get into
the rear seat. The seatback will move back and forth
freely unless you come to a sudden stop, then it will lock
into place.
The seatback latches are located on the back side of
the front seats near the bottom of the outboard side
of the seat.
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The seatback may not fold without some help from you
if your vehicle is parked facing down a fairly steep hill.
In this case, push the seatback toward the rear as you lift
the latch. Then the seatback will fold forward. The latch
must be down for the seat to work properly.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR),
or air bag system.
CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to
be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow
people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is
not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
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In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on wheels.
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Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
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The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
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or the instrument panel ...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have
to wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
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Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in
an accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
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3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash.
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Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment
Your car has a shoulder belt tightness adjustment
feature. If the shoulder belt seems too tight, adjust it
before you begin to drive.
4. Let the belt go back all the way. You should hear a
slight clicking sound. If you don’t, the adjustment
feature won’t set, and you’ll have to start again.
1. Sit well back in the seat.
2. Start pulling the shoulder belt out.
5. Now you can add a small amount of slack. Lean
forward slightly, then sit back. If you’ve added more
than 1 inch (25 mm) of slack, pull the shoulder belt
out as you did before and start again.
3. Just before it reaches the end, give it a quick pull.
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If you move around in the vehicle enough, pull out the
shoulder belt, or open your door, the belt will become
tight again. If this happens, you can reset it.
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too
much, which could increase injury. The shoulder
belt should fit against your body. Don’t allow more
than 1 inch (25 mm) of slack.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled
in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces
would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your
belt into the buckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work properly,
or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to
be seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect
the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly,
it’s more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash.
For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety belt
properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the
way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature.
If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) System
This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
(SIR) system or air bag system.
Your vehicle has air bags -- one air bag for the driver
and another air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these
air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job and
comply with federal regulations.
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Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag system:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected
from it. Air bags are designed to work with
safety belts, but don’t replace them. Air bags
are designed to work only in moderate to severe
crashes where the front of your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflate at
all in rollover, rear or low-speed frontal
crashes, or in many side crashes. And, for
some unrestrained occupants, air bags may
provide less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful air bags have provided in the past.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air bag
for that person.
CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than
the blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an
inflating air bag, as you would be if you were
leaning forward, it could seriously injure you.
Safety belts help keep you in position before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety belt,
even with air bags. The driver should sit as far
back as possible while still maintaining control of
the vehicle.
CAUTION: (Continued)
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed
for them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in
your vehicle. To read how, see the part of this
manual called “Children.”
There is an air bag
readiness light on
the instrument panel,
which shows AIR BAG.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
CAUTION: (Continued)
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
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How the Air Bag System Works
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
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CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag, and
don’t attach or put anything on the steering wheel
hub or on or near any other air bag covering.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers,
rear impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact
and how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
What makes an air bag inflate?
When should an air bag inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold
level can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,
so that it can be somewhat above or below this range.
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of
the right front passenger.
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How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But air bags
would not help you in many types of collisions, including
rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts, primarily
because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air
bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only
in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates,
so quickly that some people may not even realize
the air bag inflated. Some components of the air bag
module -- the steering wheel hub for the driver’s
air bag, or the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s bag -- will be hot for a short time.
The parts of the bag that come into contact with you
may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will
be some smoke and dust coming from vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent
the driver from seeing or from being able to steer the
vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
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CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
D
D
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readiness of the system, when the system
commands air bag inflation and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment. The module also records speed,
engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
Let only qualified technicians work on your
air bag system. Improper service can mean that
your air bag system won’t work properly. See your
dealer for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s air
bag, it may not work properly. You may have to
replace the air bag module. Do not open or break
the air bag covering.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle.
Your dealer and the service manual have information
about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.
To purchase a service manual, see “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to an
air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors.
They are probably part of the air bag system.
Be sure to follow proper service procedures,
and make sure the person performing work for
you is qualified to do so.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
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Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
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2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-29
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too
much, which could increase injury. The shoulder
belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-30
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-31
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use
the vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-32
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h),
a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a
240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-33
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased
by the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height and age but also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor vehicle in which
it will be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts
offer outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have
a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
1-34
CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into the
restraint, so the crash forces can be distributed
across the strongest part of an infant’s body,
the back and shoulders. Infants always should
be secured in appropriate infant restraints.
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
1-35
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
1-36
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a
crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner,
and some high-back booster seats have a five-point
harness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out
the window.
1-37
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have
used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to
be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps
that come down over each of the infant’s shoulders
and buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps.
1-38
A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that are
attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important,
so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy
from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in the rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people
in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
being anchored. Others require the top strap always to
be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for your child restraint. If yours requires that the top
strap be anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is
anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not
a kit is available.
1-39
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind the
rear seat on the filler panel.
In order to get to a bracket, you’ll have to open the
trim cover.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing
child restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap,
it should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position where
the child restraint will be placed.
1-40
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-41
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-42
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-43
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you
push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the
child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
1-44
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face
or neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-45
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-46
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-47
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over the
abdomen, which could cause severe or even fatal
internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-48
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces.
In a crash, the two children can be crushed
together and seriously injured. A belt must be
used by only one person at a time.
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle,
but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the
child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper
body would have the restraint that belts provide.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in the center seat position,
the one that has only a lap belt.
1-49
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way,
in a crash the child might slide under the belt.
The belt’s force would then be applied right on
the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should
be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the
child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s pelvic
bones in a crash.
1-50
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system
earlier in this section.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you
in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag
system does not need regular maintenance.)
1-51
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-6
2-8
2-12
2-15
2-16
2-18
2-19
2-19
2-21
2-22
2-24
2-27
2-29
2-31
2-31
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System
Trunk
Theft
Theft-Deterrent System
PASS-KeyR II
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
2-32
2-32
2-33
2-34
2-42
2-46
2-48
2-51
2-53
2-54
2-57
2-58
2-62
2-66
2-78
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Sun Visors
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (Option)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
2-
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially
with the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Express-Down Window
Power Windows
The power window
switches are located
on the armrest near
each window.
This feature is present on the driver’s power window.
Press the driver’s window switch rearward into the
second position and release to lower the window
completely. If you want to stop the window as it is
lowering, press the switch forward.
The first position on the power window switch operates
the driver’s power window in the non-express mode.
Press forward or rearward on the switches to raise or
lower the windows.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP) that
allows you to use the power windows once the ignition
has been turned off. For more information, see
“Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
2-3
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. If they
turned the ignition to RUN and moved the shift
lever out of PARK (P), that would release the
parking brake. Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle
with children.
2-4
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features
that can help prevent theft. You can have a lot
of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside and you may have to
damage your vehicle to get in. Be sure you have
extra keys.
Ignition Key
Door/Locks Key
The square key is for the ignition only. It has a
resistor pellet which is part of the vehicle’s
PASS-KeyR II system.
The oval key is for the doors and all other locks.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer removes the
plug from the door key. The plug has a code on it that
tells the dealer or a qualified locksmith how to make
extra keys. The ignition key has a bar code tag attached
to it rather than a knock out plug. Your dealer or
qualified locksmith can make extra ignition keys by
reading the bar code tag.
There are 15 alternative ignition PASS-KeyR II blanks
to help discourage theft. Keep the bar code tag and the
door key plugs in a safe place. If you lose your keys,
you will be able to have new ones made using the plug
or bar code tag.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStarR system
with an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, OnStar may be able to send a command to
unlock your vehicle. See “OnStar” in the Index for
more information.
2-5
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked,
the handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
2-6
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Because your vehicle has the theft-deterrent system,
you must unlock the doors with the key or remote
keyless entry transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
From the outside, use either the key or the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
From the inside, use the manual lock levers located on
the door panels.
Slide the manual lock lever down to lock the door from
the inside. To unlock the door, slide the lock lever up.
Central Door Unlocking System
Automatic Door Locks
Your vehicle will have this feature if it is equipped with
the theft-deterrent system. When unlocking either door,
you can also unlock the other door by holding the key
in the turned position for a few seconds or by quickly
turning the door key twice in the lock cylinder.
Your vehicle is programmed to lock both doors when
the ignition is on and the shift lever is moved out of
PARK (P). The doors will unlock every time you stop
the vehicle and move the shift lever back into PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual or power
door lock. When the door is closed again, it will not
lock automatically. Use the manual or power door lock
to lock the door again. If you need to lock the doors
before shifting out of PARK (P), use the manual or
power door lock.
Power Door Locks
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
(If Equipped)
With the ignition in RUN, the door locks can be
programmed through prompts displayed by the
Driver Information Center (DIC). These prompts
allow the driver to choose various lock settings.
For programming information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
Press the power door lock switch down to lock or
upward to unlock both doors at once.
2-7
Anti-Lockout Feature
Remote Keyless Entry System
Leaving your key in any ignition position with either
door open will disable the use of the power door lock
switches as well as the lock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. If you close the doors, you can lock
them using the remote keyless entry transmitter. It is
always recommended that you remove your ignition key
when locking your vehicle.
With this feature, you can lock and unlock the doors,
unlock the trunk, open the fuel door and turn on your
vehicle’s interior lamps from about 10 feet (3 m) away
using the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by
holding the driver’s power door lock switch for
three seconds or longer.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, open the door, set the
locks from the inside, get out and close the door.
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
2-8
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The average range of this system is about 10 feet (3 m).
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry transmitter.
If the transmitter does not work or if you have to
stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to work,
try the following:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
Operation
(Lock): When you
press the button with the
lock symbol on it to lock
the doors, the parking
lamps will flash once.
You can program your
vehicle so the parking
lamps will not flash.
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
For more information, see “Lock/Unlock Confirmation”
in the Index. This also arms the theft-deterrent system.
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-9
(Unlock): When you press the button with
the unlock symbol on it to unlock the driver’s door,
the parking lamps on your vehicle will flash twice.
You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps
will not flash. For more information, see “Lock/Unlock
Confirmation” in the Index.
Pressing the button with the unlock symbol on it again
within five seconds will unlock the other doors. Pressing
this button will also disarm the theft-deterrent system
and turn on the interior lamps at night.
(Fuel Door): Press the button with the fuel door
symbol on it to open the fuel door. The VALET lockout
button must be off for this feature to work.
(Trunk): Press the button with the trunk symbol
on it to open the trunk. The VALET lockout button
must be off for this feature to work.
The remote keyless entry transmitter can also be
used to recall the memory seats for up to two drivers.
For more information, see “Memory Seat and Mirrors”
in the Index.
2-10
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch any
of the circuitry. Static from your body transferred
to these surfaces may damage the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil
(or similar object) to remove the old battery.
Do not use a metal object.
3. Remove and replace the battery. Insert the new
battery as the instructions under the cover indicate.
Do not use a metal object.
1. Use a thin object like a coin to pry open the transmitter.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Check the operation of the transmitter.
2-11
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or
if electrical wiring or other cable connections
must pass through the seal between the body
and the trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on AUTO and the temperature between
65_F (18_C) and 85_F (29_C). That will
force outside air into your vehicle.
See “Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
2-12
Trunk Lock Release
The button for this feature
is located above the radio
on the Driver Information
Center (DIC).
Press the TRUNK button to open the trunk.
You can also press the button with the trunk symbol
on the remote keyless entry transmitter to access the
trunk compartment.
When the trunk opens, a light will come on inside the
trunk so that you can see what’s inside the trunk.
To use this feature, your vehicle must be in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N) and the VALET lockout button
must be off.
Trunk Lid Automatic Pull-Down Feature
With the automatic pull-down feature, you never have to
slam the trunk lid in order to close the trunk. Instead,
gently lower the trunk lid until it is nearly shut -- the
automatic pull-down unit will take over and lock the
trunk firmly.
If for some reason the trunk lid (A) will not close, it may
be because the trunk pull-down unit was accidentally
bumped. Even though the trunk lid remains open, the
motor from the pull-down unit has already cycled down.
If this happens, press the lever (B) on the trunk lid.
The pull-down unit motor will reset itself, allowing the
trunk lid to close when lowered.
CAUTION:
Your car may have an automatic pull-down
feature that helps close the trunk electronically.
Your fingers can be trapped under the trunk lid
as it goes down. Your fingers could be injured,
and you would need someone to help you free
them. Keep your fingers away from the trunk lid
as you close it and as it is going down.
A. Trunk Lid
B. Lever
2-13
Trunk Release Handle
NOTICE:
The trunk release handle was not designed to
be used to tie down the trunk lid or as an anchor
point when securing items in the trunk. Improper
use of the trunk release handle could damage it.
There is a glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle
located inside the trunk near the latch. This handle will
glow following exposure to light. Pull the release handle
up to open the trunk from the inside.
2-14
Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up
and take your keys. But what if you have to leave
your ignition key?
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
Parking at Night
D If possible, park in a busy, well-lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box.
D
D
D
D
D
D
Be sure to close and lock the storage area.
Close all windows.
Press the valet lockout button to ON.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and remote keyless
entry transmitter with you.
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
2-15
Theft-Deterrent System
The SECURITY light is
located on the instrument
panel cluster.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate if
you lock a door with a key or use the manual door lock.
It activates only if you use a power door lock switch or
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
To avoid activating the alarm by accident,
do the following:
D Always unlock a door with a key or use the remote
If the ignition is off and either door is open, the
SECURITY light will flash, reminding you to activate
the system. The light will also flash if the battery has
been disconnected and reconnected.
To activate the theft-deterrent system, do the following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The SECURITY
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close both doors. The SECURITY light should
go off within about 30 seconds.
The horn will sound and the lamps will flash for about
30 seconds when a door or the trunk is opened without
the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter. The horn
also sounds if the locks are damaged.
2-16
keyless entry transmitter. (Pressing the button with
the unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter disables the theft-deterrent system.)
Unlocking a door any other way will activate the
alarm. Cycling the ignition without disarming the
theft-deterrent system will also activate the alarm.
D The vehicle should be locked with the door key after
the doors are closed if you don’t want to activate the
theft-deterrent system.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock either
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm
by using the unlock button of the remote keyless entry
transmitter. The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock
a door any other way.
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window,
then get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open,
lock the vehicle using the power door lock or the
remote keyless entry transmitter and close the door.
Wait 30 seconds until the SECURITY light goes off.
Valet Lockout Button
The VALET lockout
button is located inside
the glove box.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock
and open the door. The horn will sound and the
headlamps will flash.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to
see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown.
To replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”
in the Index. If the fuse does not need to be replaced,
you may need to have your vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always activate the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
Press the button to disable the use of the power trunk,
fuel door and garage door openers.
Press the button again to restore normal function to
these features. Locking the glove box with the door key
will also help to secure your vehicle.
The remote keyless entry transmitter can’t be used to
open the trunk or fuel door if the VALET lockout button
is pressed in.
2-17
PASS-KeyR II
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key II
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key II is a passive
system. The system is
armed when the key is
removed from the ignition.
PASS-Key II uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that is read by the system in your vehicle. If the key
resistor matches the code stored in the vehicle system,
the vehicle’s fuel and starting systems will be enabled.
If an incorrect key is used, the vehicle’s fuel and
starting systems are disabled for three minutes.
Additional attempts during this lockout period
will not start the car, even with the correct key.
2-18
If the engine does not start and the STARTING
DISABLED REMOVE KEY message is displayed
in the Driver Information Center, your key should be
checked for damage. Starting may be attempted with
an undamaged key immediately. See your dealer or a
locksmith for key service.
If the STARTING DISABLE REMOVE KEY and
WAIT 3 MINUTES messages are displayed, the key
should be cleaned. After three minutes, try again.
A START CAR message will appear at this time.
If the engine still does not start, wait three minutes
and try a duplicate key. At this time, fuses should be
checked (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index).
If the engine does not start with the duplicate key,
your vehicle needs service. See your dealer for service.
If the THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM, CAR MAY NOT
START message is displayed during vehicle operation,
a fault has been detected in the system. This means the
PASS-Key II system is disabled and is not protecting
the vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts. See your dealer
for service.
If an ignition key is lost or damaged, see your dealer or
a locksmith to have a new key made.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the key
to five different positions.
A (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things
like the radio, windshield wipers, power windows and
sunroof (option) when the engine is off. To get into
ACCESSORY, push in the key and turn it toward you.
The steering wheel will remain locked, just as it was
before you inserted the key. Once you turn the key
to ACCESSORY, be sure to then turn it to LOCK.
If you leave your key in ACCESSORY when the engine
is turned off, your battery will discharge prematurely.
2-19
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. Turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key
or the ignition switch. If none of this works,
then your vehicle needs service.
B (LOCK): Before you put the key in, the ignition
will be in LOCK. This is the only position from
which you can insert or remove the key. This position
locks the ignition, steering wheel and transaxle.
It’s a theft-deterrent feature.
C (OFF): This position lets you turn off the engine
but still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the
steering wheel like LOCK does. Use OFF if you must
have your vehicle in motion while the engine is off
(for example, if your vehicle is being pushed).
D (RUN): This is the position for driving.
E (START): This position starts the engine.
2-20
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
NOTICE:
When using RAP, always leave your key in
LOCK. If you leave your key in any other
position than LOCK, your battery will
discharge prematurely.
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned
from RUN to OFF, and then to LOCK:
D
D
D
D
Radio
Power Windows
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Sunroof (Option)
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or
if either door is opened. If you want power for another
10 minutes, turn the ignition key to RUN, to OFF and
then to LOCK.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s
a safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts,
let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, hold your
key in START for about 10 seconds at a time
until your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds
between each try.
2-21
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
A. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
B. Engine Coolant Heater Cord
C. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid Fill Location
2-22
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier
starting and better fuel economy during engine
warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be
plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting
your vehicle. At temperatures above 32_F (0_C),
use of the coolant heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of
the engine, behind the transaxle dipstick/fluid fill
location (C) and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and
cause a fire. You could be seriously injured.
Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord
won’t reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and store
the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving
engine parts. If you don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in?
The answer depends on the outside temperature,
the kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that
you contact your dealer in the area where you’ll be
parking your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best
advice for that particular area.
2-23
Automatic Transaxle Operation
There are several different
positions for the shift
lever that is located
between the front seats
on the center console.
PARK (P): This position locks the front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start the engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system.
2-24
You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you
can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in
RUN. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease
pressure on the shift lever -- press the button on the
front of the shift lever and push the shift lever all the
way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.
Then press the button on the front of the shift lever
again and move the shift lever into the gear you wish.
See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
has stopped.
Also use this gear to rock your vehicle back and forth
to get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your
transaxle. See “If You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow” in the Index for additional information.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when
you’re already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is
being towed.
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people
or objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
2-25
B
OVERDRIVE ( ): This position is for normal driving.
If you need more power for passing, and you’re:
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transaxle will shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower
fuel economy than OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
Here are examples for using THIRD (3) instead
of OVERDRIVE ( ):
B
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
D When going down a steep hill.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly,
or if it doesn’t seem to shift gears as you
accelerate, something may be wrong with a
transaxle system sensor. If you drive very far
that way, your vehicle can be damaged. So if this
happens, have your vehicle serviced right away.
Until then, you can use SECOND (2) when you
are driving less than 35 mph (55 km/h) and
OVERDRIVE ( ) for higher speeds.
B
2-26
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power than
THIRD (3). You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can
help control your speed as you go down steep mountain
roads, but then you would also want to use your brakes
off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are
going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you
can damage your engine.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills,
or in deep snow or mud. (If the shift lever is put in
FIRST (1), the transaxle won’t shift into gear until the
vehicle is going slowly enough.)
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal
is located to the left of
the regular brake pedal,
near the driver’s door.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t turn, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could cause overheating and
damage the transaxle. Use your brakes to
hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push down the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the BRAKE indicator light
should come on. If it doesn’t, you need to have
your vehicle serviced.
2-27
NOTICE:
Be sure to turn off the ignition and put the vehicle
in PARK (P) before manually releasing the brake.
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If the parking brake has not been fully released and
you try to drive with the parking brake on, the BRAKE
indicator light comes on and stays on. See “Brake System
Warning Light” in the Index for more information.
When you move out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N),
if the engine is running, the parking brake should release.
If it doesn’t, you can manually release the parking brake.
CAUTION:
Always shift to PARK (P) before pulling the
manual release lever. If your hand or arm is in
the way of the pedal you could be hurt. The pedal
springs back quickly. Keep your hand and arm
away when you use the manual release lever.
2-28
Reach under the driver’s side of the instrument panel
and pull on the manual release lever, which is located
above the parking brake pedal. If the parking brake does
not release, you should either drive to the nearest service
station or have your vehicle towed.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. This section
shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
even when you’re on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you’re pulling a
trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
To move the shift lever into PARK (P), do the following:
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
D Press and hold the button on the front of the
shift lever as you push the shift lever all the way
toward the front of your vehicle.
D With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-29
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pressing
and holding the button on the front of the shift lever.
If you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully
locked into PARK (P).
2-30
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some
of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in RUN. See “Automatic Transaxle” in
the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), try applying
pressure to the brakes and push the shift lever all the
way into PARK (P) (pressing and holding the button
on the front of the shift lever) as you maintain brake
application. Then move the shift lever into the gear
you want. If you ever hold the brake pedal down but
still can’t shift out of PARK (P), try the following:
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF. Open and close the
driver’s door to turn off the Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Take your vehicle to an authorized service center
as soon as you can.
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
2-31
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-32
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running.
But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even
if the fan is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake
after you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise the steering wheel to
the highest level to give your legs more room when
you enter and exit the vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Horn
The horn can be sounded by pressing on the center
of the steering wheel pad.
To tilt the wheel, hold the wheel and pull the lever.
Then move the wheel to a comfortable position and
release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
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Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
The lever returns automatically when the turn is complete.
An arrow located on the
instrument panel cluster
will flash in the direction
of the turn or lane change.
The lever on the left side of your steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Turn Signal and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control
For more information on the exterior lamps,
see “Exterior Lamps” later in this section.
2-34
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change
is complete. The lever returns when it’s released.
If the turn signal is left on, a warning chime will
sound and the Driver Information Center (DIC) will
display TURN SIGNAL ON (after driving about
1 mile (1.6 km/h)) to remind you to turn it off.
Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned-out signal bulb.
Other drivers won’t see the turn signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs
if the arrow fails to work when signaling a turn.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
This light located on the
instrument panel cluster
will be on when the high
beam headlamps are in use.
Flash-To-Pass Feature
This lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you to use.
When you do:
D If the headlamps are either off or in the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the high-beam
Pull the turn signal lever all the way toward you and
then release it to change the headlamps from low beam
to high or from high beam to low.
headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to turn
them off.
D If the headlamps are on low beam, they will shift
to high beam and stay there. Pull the lever toward
you to return to low beam.
D If the headlamps are on high beam, they will switch
to low beam. To return to high beam, pull the lever
toward you.
2-35
Windshield Wipers
LO or HI: Turn the band away from you to either
LO (low speed) or to HI (high speed), depending on
the wiper speed you want.
DELAY: You can set the wiper speed for a long or
short delay between wipes with this setting. Turn the
band to the DELAY position. The closer you turn it
to LO, the shorter the delay.
OFF: Turn the band to OFF to turn off the wipers.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
WIPER: Turn the band on the turn signal lever to
control the wipers.
MIST: Turn the band toward you and then release it for
a single wiping cycle. For more cycles, hold the band on
MIST longer.
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Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Rainsense
t Wipers (ETC Only)
The moisture sensor is mounted on the interior side
of the windshield behind the rearview mirror and is used
to automatically operate the wipers by monitoring the
amount of moisture build-up on the windshield.
Wipes occur as needed to clear the windshield
depending on driving conditions and the sensitivity
setting. In light rain or snow, fewer wipes will occur.
In heavy rain or snow, wipes will occur more frequently.
The Rainsense wipers operate in a delay mode as well as
a continuous low or high speed as needed. If the system
is left on for long periods of time, occasional wipes
may occur without any moisture on the windshield.
This is normal and indicates that the Rainsense system
is activated.
The Rainsense system can be activated by turning the
wiper stalk to one of the five sensitivity levels within the
AUTO DELAY area. The AUTO DELAY position
closest to OFF is the lowest sensitivity setting,
level one. This allows more rain or snow to collect on
the windshield between wipes. Turning the stalk away
from you to the higher levels of other AUTO DELAY
settings increases the sensitivity of the system and
frequency of wipes. The highest sensitivity setting,
level five is closest to LO. A single wipe will occur each
time you turn the wiper stalk to a higher sensitivity level
to indicate that the sensitivity level has been increased.
An initial wipe occurs when you turn the ignition on
as a reminder that Rainsense is active.
2-37
The windshield wipers also remain in a “high park”
position (when the wipers are stopped on the windshield
and are not in the normal park position), even when the
ignition is turned off.
NOTICE:
The wipers must be turned off when going
through a car wash to avoid damage.
The MIST and “wash” cycles operate as normal and are
not affected by the Rainsense function. The Rainsense
system can be overridden at any time by turning the
wiper stalk to LO or HI speed.
NOTICE:
Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
moisture sensor. Doing this could cause the
moisture sensor to malfunction.
2-38
Windshield Washer
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
At the top of the turn signal/multifunction lever there
is a paddle with the word PUSH on it.
To spray washer fluid on the windshield, press and
release this paddle. The wipers will clear the windshield
and either stop or return to your preset speed. For more
washer cycles, press and hold the paddle.
LOW WASHER FLUID will be displayed on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) when the washer fluid
reaches a low level.
Cruise Control
Cruise control shuts off when you apply your brakes.
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where
D
The cruise control lever is located on the end of
the windshield wiper stalk on the left side of the
steering wheel.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can help on long trips. Cruise control
does not work at speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h).
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control.
Don’t use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index. When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
2-39
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
To use cruise control, do the following:
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Accelerate to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET CRUISE button at the end of the lever
and release it. The CRUISE ENGAGED message
will display on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
4. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
2-40
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting the cruise control at a desired speed and then
applying the brake will end the cruise function.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch from ON to R/A
(Resume/Accelerate) briefly to reset. This returns you
to your desired preset speed. The Driver Information
Center (DIC) will display the CRUISE ENGAGED
message again.
If you hold the switch at R/A longer, the vehicle will
accelerate until you release the switch or apply the
brake. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold
the switch at R/A.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push the button at the end of the lever and then
release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
D Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you reach a desired speed and then
release the switch. (To increase your speed in very
small amounts, briefly move the switch to R/A.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.)
The accelerate feature will only work after you
have set the cruise control speed by pushing the
SET CRUISE button.
D Push in the button at the end of the lever until
you reach a desired lower speed, then release it.
A CRUISE ENGAGED message will then
display in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
2-41
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brakes
or downshifting into FIRST (1) takes you out of cruise
control. Many drivers find this to be too much trouble
and don’t use cruise control on steep hills.
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamp knob is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to end cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal.
D Move the CRUISE switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased when you
turn off the cruise control or the ignition.
2-42
Pull the knob toward you to operate the lamps.
The exterior lamp knob has three positions:
Off: Pushing the knob all the way in turns off all lamps
except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
Parking Lamps: Pulling the knob to the first position
turns on the parking lamps together with the following:
D Sidemarker Lamps
D Taillamps
D License Plate Lamps
D Instrument Panel Lights
Headlamps: Pulling the knob to the second position
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately 20 seconds.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful
in the short periods after dawn and before sunset.
Fully functional daytime running lamps are required
on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
In order to operate the wiper-activated headlamps, the
Twilight SentinelR must be turned on. This feature lights
the way in poor weather and it also makes your vehicle
more visible to other drivers. If the wiper-activated
headlamps are on, and the ignition switch is turned off,
the wiper-activated headlamps will immediately turn off.
The DRL system will make the high-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness when:
The wiper-activated headlamps will deactivate if you
turn off the Twilight Sentinel or if the windshield wipers
have been turned off for a period of one or two seconds.
D the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
When DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps
Lamps On Reminder
If the exterior lamp knob is activated, you will hear a
warning chime if you open either door while leaving the
lamps on. An exception to this is when you’re using
Twilight Sentinel.
D The ignition is on,
D the exterior lamp knob is not in the
headlamp position
(at reduced brightness) will be on. No other exterior
lamps such as the parking lamps, taillamps, etc., will be
on when the DRL are being used. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
2-43
When the Twilight Sentinel lever is on and it’s dark
enough outside, the high-beam headlamps (at reduced
intensity) will turn off and normal low-beam headlamp
operation will occur. When the Twilight Sentinel lever is
on and it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps
will go off, and the high-beam headlamps at reduced
brightness will take over for the DRL.
If it’s dark enough outside and the Twilight Sentinel
lever is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will display on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the DRL
are still illuminated (it’s become dark enough outside
to require the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps).
Turning on the Twilight Sentinel, the exterior lamp knob
or the fog lamp button will remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel lever and shift the transaxle into
PARK (P). Placing your vehicle in PARK (P) disables
the DRL. The DRL will stay off until you shift out
of PARK (P).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
2-44
Fog Lamps
Use the fog lamps for better vision in foggy or
misty conditions.
The fog lamp button is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
When you press the button with the fog lamp symbol,
a small indicator light will tell you that the fog lamps
and the parking lamps are in use. Press the button again
to turn them off. Your ignition must be in RUN for the
fog lamps to illuminate.
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps
will turn off. They’ll turn back on again when you
switch to low-beam headlamps.
When the Twilight Sentinel is on and the fog lamp
button is pressed, the fog lamps will remain on as well
as the headlamps and parking lamps.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when you signal a turn.
They provide more light for cornering.
Twilight SentinelR
This feature automatically turns the exterior lamps on
and off by sensing how dark it is outside.
This lever is located
next to the exterior lamp
control knob.
To operate the Twilight Sentinel, leave the exterior lamp
knob off and slide the TWILIGHT lever to any position
except OFF.
If you slide the lever all the way to the right, the lamps
will remain on for approximately three minutes after the
ignition has been turned to OFF or LOCK. If you slide
the lever so it is just on, the lamps will go off quickly
when you move the ignition out of RUN. You can adjust
the delay time from only a few seconds to three minutes.
If it’s dark enough outside and Twilight Sentinel is off,
a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message will display
on the Driver Information Center (DIC). This message
informs the driver that turning on the exterior lamps is
recommended (it’s become dark enough outside to
require the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps).
Turning on the Twilight Sentinel or the headlamps will
remove the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message.
2-45
Light Sensor
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The knob for this feature is located to the left of the
steering wheel on the instrument panel. This knob is also
used to control the exterior lamps. See “Exterior Lamps”
listed previously in this section for more information.
Turn the knob clockwise to brighten the lights or
counterclockwise to dim them.
The light sensor for the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
and the Twilight Sentinel is located in the center of the
front defogger grille. If you cover the sensor, it will read
“dark” and the lamps will come on.
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the parking lamps have been left on, the exterior lamps
will turn off approximately 10 minutes after the ignition
is turned to LOCK or ACCESSORY. This protects
against draining the battery in case you have accidentally
left the headlamps or parking lamps on. If you need to
purposely leave the lamps on for more than 10 minutes
with the ignition in LOCK or ACCESSORY, turn the
exterior lamps off and then back on. To delay the lamps
from turning off, see “Twilight Sentinel” in the Index.
2-46
Illuminated Entry
The illuminated entry system turns on the courtesy
lamps and the backlighting to the door controls and
to the exterior lamp knob when a door is opened or if
you press a remote keyless entry transmitter button.
Since the illuminated entry system has a photocell,
this means that it must be dark outside in order for the
courtesy lamps or backlighting to turn on. The courtesy
lamps turn off approximately 20 seconds after the last
door is closed or after the ignition is turned to RUN.
Parade Dimming
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature prohibits the dimming of the instrument
panel lights during daylight while the headlamps
are on. This feature operates with the light sensor for
the Twilight Sentinel and is fully automatic. When the
light sensor reads darkness outside, the instrument
panel lights can be adjusted by turning the exterior
lamp knob counterclockwise to dim and clockwise to
brighten lighting. Backlighting to the instrument panel
will turn on, regardless of light conditions.
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery
against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk lamp,
glove box lamp, cigarette lighters or the garage door
opener. When the ignition is turned off, the power to
these features will automatically turn off after 10 minutes
(three minutes if a new car has 15 miles (24 km) or less).
Power will be restored for an additional 10 minutes
if either door is opened, the trunk is opened or the
courtesy lamps are turned on.
Reading Lights
Storage Mode Personalization
This feature is for long-term use and must be
The front reading lights are located either in the
headliner or above the windows if you have a sunroof.
The two rear lights above the rear side windows.
To turn them on, turn the exterior lamp knob all the way
clockwise. These lights and the interior courtesy lights
automatically come on when either door is opened and
it is dark outside.
programmed through the Driver Information
Center (DIC). This feature protects the battery by
placing your vehicle in a storage mode so that the radio,
amplifiers, instrument panel cluster and remote keyless
entry will not drain the battery over a long period of
time. For programming information, see “Memory
and Personalization Features” in the Index.
Press the lens to turn on the lights manually. Press it
again to turn them off.
If the reading lights are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
2-47
Mirrors
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass and OnStarR
Your vehicle has an electrochromic inside rearview mirror
with a compass. Your vehicle’s mirror also contains
OnStarR buttons. For more information about OnStar,
see “OnStar” in the Index.
The mirror also includes an eight-point compass display
in the upper right corner of the mirror face. When on, the
compass automatically calibrates as the vehicle is driven.
Mirror Operation
To turn on the automatic dimming feature, press and hold
the on/off button for about three seconds. To turn off
automatic dimming, press and hold the on/off button for
about three seconds again. The green indicator light will
be illuminated when this feature is active. The automatic
dimming feature will be active each time the vehicle
is started.
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on,
the compass will show two character boxes for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds,
the mirror will display the compass heading.
Compass Calibration
(On/Off): This is the on/off button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror for the electrochromic and
compass functions of the rearview mirror.
2-48
If after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (N for North, for example), there may
be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna
mount, magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic
item. If the letter C should ever appear in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display
reads a direction.
The compass can be placed in calibration mode by
pressing and holding the on/off button until a C is
shown in the compass display.
Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone number
appears in the display.
3. Once the zone number appears in the display,
press the on/off button quickly until the correct
zone number appears in the display. Stop pressing
the button and the mirror will return to normal
operation. If C appears in the compass window,
the compass may need calibration. See “Compass
Calibration” explained previously.
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the
liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
2-49
Power Remote Control Mirrors
The control on the driver’s
door armrest operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming
Rearview Mirror
Only the driver’s side outside mirror will adjust for
the glare of headlamps behind you. This feature
is controlled by the on and off settings on the
electrochromic mirror. See “Electrochromic Day/Night
Rearview Mirror with Compass” in the Index.
Curb View Assist Mirror (If Equipped)
Press (R) on the selector switch to choose the right
mirror or (L) to choose the left mirror. The center
position is off and will not move the mirrors if the
control pad is touched.
To adjust the mirror, press the arrows on the control pad
in the direction you want the mirror to go. Adjust each
mirror so you can see the side of your vehicle and the
area behind your vehicle.
The mirrors can also be programmed for personalization
if you have the optional memory package. For more
information, see “Memory Seat and Mirrors” in the Index.
2-50
If your vehicle is equipped with memory mirrors,
it will also be equipped with the curb view assist mirror
feature. This feature will cause the passenger’s mirror
to tilt when the vehicle is moving in REVERSE (R).
This feature may be useful in allowing you to view the
curb when you are parallel parking. To turn this feature
on or off, follow the directions included later in this
section. See “Memory and Personalization Features”
in the Index.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R) and a
five second delay has occurred, the passenger’s mirror
will return to its original position. If further adjustment
is needed after the mirror is tilted, the mirror switch may
be used. The mirror then returns to its original position.
Convex Outside Mirror
Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s
surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s seat.
This mirror does not have a dimming feature.
Glove Box
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Heated Outside Mirrors
When you operate the rear window defogger, it also
warms both outside mirrors to help clear them of fog
or ice. See “Rear Window Defogger” in the Index for
more information.
The glove box is located on the instrument panel in
front of the passenger’s seat. To lock the glove box
door, insert the oval key into the lock cylinder and turn
it clockwise. Turn the key counterclockwise to unlock
the door.
Overhead Console
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
This feature is on vehicles without the optional sunroof.
To gain access to this compartment, which is located
directly above the inside rearview mirror in the headliner,
push up on the compartment and the storage area
will open.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each front door
as well as on the passenger’s and driver’s front seatbacks.
2-51
Center Console Storage
The center console includes a storage compartment for
CDs or tapes, an armrest and a cupholder. The cupholder
can be opened by pressing on the surface panel located
in front of the armrest. Close the lid to secure.
The console may have a lock. To lock the console, insert
the oval key into the lock cylinder and turn it clockwise.
Turn the key counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable items
into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing
a damaging fire.
Rear Storage Armrest
Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear seat armrest
which includes an open storage compartment and a dual
cupholder that unfolds for use. To open, lift the front edge.
Convenience Net
The convenience net is located inside the back wall of
the trunk. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the
net. It can help keep them from falling over during sharp
turns or quick starts and stops.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. When not using the net,
hook the net to the tabs securing it to the sill plate.
2-52
Front Ashtray
The front ashtray is located below the climate control
system. To open, press on the lower edge of the cover.
Rear Ashtray
The rear ashtray is located on the armrest. To use an
ashtray, lift the lid.
Cigarette Lighter
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
Swing down the visor to block out glare. It can also be
detached from the center mount and moved to the side.
The driver’s sun visor is also equipped with a storage
flap that can be used for maps or toll tickets.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Move the sun visor down and lift the cover to see the
mirror. Move the slide switch up or down to brighten
or dim the lamp.
The cigarette lighter is located near the ashtray. You may
also have a lighter located at the rear seat air outlet.
Press the lighter all the way in and release it. It will pop
back out by itself once the element has heated for use.
Cigarette lighters can be used to provide electrical
power to accessories. See “Accessory Power Outlets”
in the Index for more information.
2-53
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that
offers a variety of services and provides a one-touch
hands-free communication link between you and
the OnStar Center. To receive OnStar services,
a service subscription agreement is required and an
additional fee may be required. Services are available
24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For more information,
call 1-888-ONSTAR-7 (1-888-667-8277).
OnStar Services Button: Press this button once
to contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Communication button to cancel the
automatic redial.
Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Communication Button: Press this button at
the end of a call. Also press this button to answer a call
from the center, or cancel a call if one of the other
buttons is accidentally pressed. This button is also is
also used to access OnStar Personal Calling and Virtual
Advisor services. See the OnStar owner package for
more information.
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Volume Control: You can control the volume of the
OnStar System using the steering wheel controls.
Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming or
outgoing call is in progress. Press the Communication
button if you notice the light blinking and you are
not on a call.
The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar Services
button to attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection
is made, the advisor will assist you with steps to take to
make sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
Cellular Antenna
The cellular antenna on the outside of your vehicle is
critical to effective communication using the OnStar
system. Optimum cellular reception can be obtained
when the mast is straight up and down.
OnStar Services
The following services are available within OnStar
service plans. Your vehicle comes with a specific
one-year service plan that allows use of some or
all of the following services.
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment:
If an air bag deploys, a priority emergency signal is
automatically sent to the center. An advisor will locate
your vehicle’s position, try to contact you and assist
you in the situation. If the center is unable to contact
you, an emergency service provider will be contacted.
Stolen Vehicle Tracking: Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report
your vehicle stolen. The system can then attempt to
locate and track your vehicle and the advisor will assist
the proper authorities.
Roadside Assistance with Location: For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar Services button.
An advisor will contact the appropriate help.
Remote Diagnostics: If an instrument panel light
comes on, press the OnStar Services button. An advisor
can perform a check of the engine on-board computer,
and recommend what action needs to be taken.
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OnStar MED-NET: Med-Net can store your personal
medical history and provide it to emergency personnel
if necessary. (Requires activation and additional fee).
Accident Assist: An advisor can provide step-by-step
guidance following an accident.
Remote Door Unlock: To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide your
security information. An advisor will send a command
to your vehicle to unlock itself. The advisor can delay
unlocking your vehicle. Remote Door Unlock is disabled
48 hours after the vehicle is parked to maintain the
battery charge.
Vehicle Locator Service: To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide your
security information. An advisor will send a command
to your vehicle to sound the horn and/or flash the lamps.
Route Support: An advisor can provide directions
or guidance to most places you want to go. In addition,
they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas, ATMs,
hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
Ride Assist: An advisor can locate transportation in
the event that you are unable to drive.
Concierge Services: The concierge advisor can obtain
tickets, reservations, or help with vacation/trip planning
and other unique items and services.
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OnStar System Limitations
Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber
Services Agreement.
In order to provide you with excellent service,
calls with the OnStar Center may be monitored
or recorded.
OnStar service is:
D available in the 48 contiguous United States,
Alaska, Hawaii and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain;
D subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
Global positioning locating capabilities will not be
available if satellite signals are obstructed.
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative
if the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
Sunroof (Option)
OnStar is the communication link between you and
existing governmental emergency and roadside service
providers. OnStar will receive your call and use
reasonable effort to contact an appropriate provider.
OnStar cannot promise the providers will respond in
a timely manner or at all.
Assist Handles
A handle, located on each side pillar, can be used when
getting out of your vehicle.
Garment Hooks
For your convenience, a garment hook is attached to
the casing around the reading lamps in the rear of the
vehicle. To use, push the lower edge of the hook.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean by vacuuming and
using a spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not machine wash.
The sunroof switch is located on the overhead console.
Press the switch rearward and release to express-open
the glass panel and sunshade. The sunshade can also be
opened by hand. If you want to stop the roof in a partially
opened position, press the switch in either direction.
Press and release the switch again to open it fully.
Press and hold the switch forward to close the glass panel.
The sunshade can only be closed by hand.
To open the vent, press and hold the switch forward when
the glass panel is closed. Open the sunshade by hand.
To close the vent, press the switch rearward and release.
The sunroof only works when the ignition is on or when
the Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active.
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HomeLinkR Transmitter (Option)
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink Transmitter
The HomeLink Transmitter buttons are located on the
overhead console.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
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Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Decide which one of the three channels (one of the
HomeLink buttons) you want to program.
2. Press and hold the desired button on HomeLink
through Step 3.
3. When the HomeLink indicator light begins to blink
slowly (this may take up to 30 seconds), hold the
hand-held transmitter about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm)
away from HomeLink and then press and hold the
transmit button on the hand-held transmitter.
Continue to hold both buttons until the indicator
light on HomeLink begins to flash rapidly
(this may take up to 90 seconds).
If you have trouble programming HomeLink,
make sure that you have followed the directions
exactly as described and that the battery in the
hand-held transmitter is not weak. If you still
cannot program it, move the hand-held transmitter
to the left or right or forward or backward or flip it
upside down. HomeLink may not work with older
garage door openers that do not meet current
Federal Consumer Safety Standards. If you cannot
program the transmitter after repeated attempts,
refer to “Training a Garage Door Opener with Rolling
Codes” later in this section or contact the manufacturer
of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter in
case you need to erase and reprogram HomeLink.
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Training a Garage Door Opener with a
“Rolling Code” Feature (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to HomeLink, see “Programming the
HomeLink Transmitter” listed previously. If you have
completed this programming already, you now need
to train the garage door opener motor head unit to
recognize HomeLink.
1. Find the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the
garage door opener motor head unit. The exact
location and color will vary by garage door opener
brand. If you have difficulty finding the “Learn” or
“Smart” button, refer to your garage door opener
owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer of
HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person assist in programming the
transmitter.
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2. Press the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the garage
door opener motor head unit. An indicator light will
begin to flash when the motor head unit enters the
training mode.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
3. Return to HomeLink in your vehicle and firmly
press and release the programmed HomeLink button
three times.
The rolling-code garage door opener should now
recognize HomeLink. You may either use HomeLink
or the hand-held transmitter to open the garage door.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on
the internet at www.homelink.com.
Canadian Programming
Resetting Defaults
Canadian Owners: During programming,
the hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds. In this case,
you should press and hold the HomeLink button
(see Steps 2 and 3 under “Programming the
HomeLink Transmitter”) while you press and re-press
(cycle) your hand-held transmitter every two seconds
until HomeLink is trained.
To reset HomeLink to default settings, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Continue to hold both
buttons until the HomeLink indicator light turns off and
then release both buttons.
Operating the HomeLink Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on HomeLink
for at least half of a second. The indicator light will
come on while the signal is being transmitted.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLink Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please contact the manufacturer
of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
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The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets
H. Hood Release
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
I. Horn
C. Instrument Panel Cluster
J. Audio Steering Wheel Controls
D. Radio (Audio System)
K. Shift Lever
E. Driver Information Center Control Buttons
L. Climate Control System
F. Exterior Lamp Controls
M. Glove Box
G. HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
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Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many of the other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
The odometer shows how far your vehicle has been
driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or
kilometers (used in Canada).
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have
a new odometer installed. The new one may read the
correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s computer
has stored the mileage in memory.
Trip Odometer
This button is located in
the center of the instrument
panel to the right of the
steering wheel and below
the air outlets.
By pressing this button, you can tell how far you’ve
traveled since you last set the trip odometer back
to zero.
For information on resetting this button,
see “DIC Controls and Displays” in the Index.
English/Metric Display
Press the SKIP INFO button until ENGLISH/METRIC
RESET displays and then press NO INFO RESET
to select.
Other readings such as temperature, fuel and trip
odometer also go back and forth between English
and metric.
Vehicle Speed Limiter
This feature prevents your vehicle from exceeding
speeds that the tires are not rated for. When this
happens, the engine’s fuel supply is shut off. When the
vehicle speed slows, the fuel supply will come on again.
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Engine Speed Limiter
Tachometer
The tachometer is located in
the instrument panel cluster,
to the left of the speedometer.
This feature prevents the engine from operating at too
many revolutions per minute (rpm). When the engine’s
rpm is critically high, the fuel supply to the engine
is shut off. When the engine speed slows, the fuel
supply will come on again. This helps prevent damage
to the engine.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may
be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the shaded area or engine damage may occur.
This gage indicates the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
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Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center (DIC)
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index
for more information.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for
about 70 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system, see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so
it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Charging System Indicator Light
When you turn the ignition
to RUN, this light will
come on briefly to show
that the generator and
battery charging systems
are working properly.
If this light stays on, your vehicle needs service.
To save your battery until you reach the dealership,
turn off all accessories.
Brake System Warning and Parking Brake
Indicator Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though,
you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on
briefly when you turn
the ignition key to RUN.
If it doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
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If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when your
engine is started and may
stay on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is
fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
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If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is
also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Traction Control System Warning Light
This warning light should
come on briefly when the
engine is started.
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off
and the warning light will come on.
If the warning light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. If it
stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there may
be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
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Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light
This light tells you that
the engine coolant has
overheated. A warning
chime will sound if this
light comes on.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into
the shaded area, the engine
is too hot.
As a check, the light should come on for a few seconds
when you start your vehicle.
If the light comes on and the chime sounds while
you are driving, you should stop your vehicle and
turn the engine off as soon as possible. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index for more information.
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When the pointer is in the shaded area, that means
the same thing as when the engine coolant temperature
warning light comes on and the chime sounds.
See “Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light”
previously in this section and “Engine Overheating”
in the Index for more information.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle.
This system is also designed to assist your service
technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light to come on. Modifications to these systems
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your
warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
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This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
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If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap
has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine
may not run as efficiently as designed since small
amounts of air are sucked into the fuel line causing a
misfire. The system can detect this. Adding fuel
should correct this condition. Make sure to install the
fuel cap properly. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index.
It will take a few driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See “Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause
your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up,
stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring,
hesitation on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration.
(These conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and
cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to
help your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
SERVICE ENGINE SOON light is on or not
working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would
be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days of
routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
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Oil Pressure Light
This light tells you if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
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The light goes on when you turn your key to RUN
or START. It goes off once you start your engine.
That’s a check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t
come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to
warn you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means
that oil isn’t flowing through your engine properly.
You could be low on oil and you might have some
other system problem.
Security Light
This light works with
the PASS-Key II system.
See “PASS-Key II” in the
Index for more information.
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All of these situations are normal and do
not indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
D At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
D It takes more (or less) gas to fill the tank than the
gage said. For example, the gage read half a tank,
but it took more (or less) than the tank’s remaining
capacity to fill it.
D The gage may change when you turn, stop or
Fuel Gage
The fuel gage shows
approximately how much
fuel is in the tank. It works
only when the ignition is
in RUN.
speed up.
Fuel Data Display
Everything you need to know about the fuel
economy and how far you can travel with your
vehicle’s remaining fuel is displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC). Fuel data can be
obtained by pressing the SKIP INFO button
located on the instrument panel above the audio
system. See “DIC Controls and Displays” later
in this section for more information.
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Driver Information Center (DIC)
This display gives you the status of many of your
vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used to display driver
personalization features and warning/status messages.
DIC Controls and Displays
NO INFO RESET: Pressing this button will reset the
MPG AVG, GAL FUEL USED, AVG MPH, TIMER,
OIL LIFE LEFT and ENGLISH/METRIC RESET.
Pressing NO INFO RESET when a non-resettable
display appears will cause a “recall” mode to occur.
When this happens, all Driver Information Center (DIC)
warning messages that have been displayed since the
ignition key was turned to RUN will redisplay. If no
messages were displayed, a MONITORED SYSTEMS
OK message will appear.
SKIP INFO: Pressing this button repeatedly will
display the RANGE, MPG AVG, MPG INST, GAL
FUEL USED, AVG MPH, TIMER, BATTERY VOLTS,
OIL LIFE LEFT and ENGLISH/METRIC RESET.
YES TRIP RESET: By using this button, you can tell
how far you’ve gone since you last set the YES TRIP
RESET back to zero. To reset, press and hold this button
until zeros appear. If your vehicle is domestic, the trip
odometer will return to zero after 999.9 miles (1 609 km).
If your vehicle is Canadian, the trip odometer will return
to zero after 1 999.9 km (1,242 miles).
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D MPG AVG (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO button
to display the MPG AVG (Average Fuel Economy),
then press and hold the NO INFO RESET button
until 0.0 MPG AVG is displayed.
D GAL FUEL USED (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO
button to display the GAL FUEL USED on the
Driver Information Center (DIC), then press and
hold the NO INFO RESET button until 0.0 GAL
FUEL USED is displayed.
D AVG MPH (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO button to
display the AVG MPH (Average Speed), then press
and hold the NO INFO RESET button until 0.0 AVG
MPH is displayed.
D TIMER: This feature is like a stopwatch in that
you can clock the time it takes to get from one point
to another.
To operate, press the SKIP INFO button to display
TIMER. Each of the fields for the hours, minutes and
seconds are two numeric digits.
Once TIMER OFF 00:00:00 is displayed, press the
NO INFO RESET button to toggle between ON and
OFF. Once the TIMER is in OFF, press and hold
NO INFO RESET to reset the timer. If you will be
starting and stopping your vehicle -- during a trip
for instance -- the TIMER feature will automatically
start timing where it left off when you last stopped.
To reset it, press and hold the NO INFO RESET
button until the display reads TIMER 00:00:00.
Press the SKIP INFO button to exit from the
TIMER function.
D ENGLISH/METRIC (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO
button to display ENGLISH/METRIC RESET,
then press the NO INFO RESET button to select.
The display will change from English (miles) to
metric (kilometers).
D OIL LIFE LEFT (Reset): Press the SKIP INFO
button to display the OIL LIFE LEFT, then press and
hold the NO INFO RESET button until 100% OIL
LIFE LEFT is displayed. (This only needs to be reset
after you have had the oil changed.)
FUEL DOOR: Press this button to open the fuel
door. (This feature will work only when the shift lever is
in PARK (P) and the VALET lockout feature is turned
off, regardless of whether or not the vehicle is running.)
TRUNK: Press this button to open the trunk.
(This feature will work only when the shift lever is
in PARK (P) and the VALET lockout feature is
turned off, regardless of whether or not the vehicle
is running.)
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DIC Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem sensed
in one of your vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that are first
sold in Canada will have a number after each message.
This number helps to identify the message which is
only displayed in English.
Pressing the INFO or NO INFO RESET button(s)
will remove most of the following messages from the
DIC display:
APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT - 46: This message
will appear if your vehicle is in PARK (P) for about
15 seconds and the brake is not pressed. On the climate
control panel, press the OFF button (next to the MODE
button) and the down arrow on the PASS TEMP button
for about five seconds. Hold the same two buttons to
display the message again.
BATTERY NOT CHARGING - 7: This message will
appear if the battery is not being charged. Have the
electrical system checked by your dealership at your
earliest convenience.
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BATTERY VOLTAGE HIGH - 8: This message
shows that the electrical charging system is
overcharging (more than 16 volts). To avoid being
stranded, have the electrical system checked by your
dealership. You can reduce the charging overload by
using the accessories. Turn on the lamps and radio, set
the climate control on AUTO and the fan speed on HI,
and turn the rear window defogger on. You can monitor
battery voltage on the DIC by pressing the SKIP INFO
button. The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts when the
engine is running.
BATTERY VOLTAGE LOW - 6: This message
will appear when the electrical system is charging
less than 10 volts or if the battery has been drained.
If this message appears immediately after starting,
it is possible that the generator can still recharge the
battery. The battery should recharge and may take a
few hours to do so. Consider using an auxiliary charger
to boost the battery after returning home or to a final
destination. (Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s
instructions when using a battery charger.)
If this message appears and stays on while driving or
after starting your vehicle, have it checked immediately
to determine the cause of this problem. To help the
generator recharge the battery quickly, you can reduce
the load on the electrical system by turning off the
accessories. You can monitor battery voltage on the
DIC by pressing the SKIP INFO button. The normal
range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL - 82: This means that
the life of the engine oil has expired and it should be
changed within 200 miles (322 km). See “Engine Oil”
in the Index. After an oil change, the Oil Life Indicator
must be reset. See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset”
in the Index.
CHANGE TRANS FLUID - 47: This message will
appear when it is time to replace the transaxle fluid.
See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index for the proper
fluid and change intervals.
CHECK BRAKE FLUID LEVEL - 37: This message
will display if the ignition is in RUN to inform the
driver that the brake fluid level is low. Have the brake
system serviced by a technician as soon as possible.
See “Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL - 2: This message
will appear when there is a low level of engine coolant.
Have the cooling system serviced by a technician as
soon as possible.
CHECK FUEL GAUGE - 39: This message will
appear when the fuel supply is less than 3.5 gallons
(13.2 L) remaining. A single chime will also sound
when this message is displayed.
CHECK GAS CAP - 61: This message will appear
if the gas cap has not been fully tightened. You should
recheck your gas cap to ensure that it’s fully tightened.
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CHECK OIL LEVEL - 36: For correct operation
of the low oil sensing system, your vehicle should be on
a level surface. A false CHECK OIL LEVEL message
may appear if the vehicle is parked on grades. The oil
level sensing system does not check for actual oil level
if the engine has been off for a short period of time, and
the oil level is never sensed while the engine is running.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears and
your vehicle has been parked on level ground with the
engine off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level should
be checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to
checking the oil level, be sure the engine has been off
for five minutes and your vehicle is on a level surface.
Then check the dipstick and add oil if necessary.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
CHECK WASHER FLUID - 25: This message
will appear for several seconds indicating that you
need windshield washer solvent.
CRUISE ENGAGED - 43: This message will
appear for a few seconds when you select a speed at
which to cruise.
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DOOR AJAR - 141: A door other than the driver’s is
open or ajar when this message appears. The vehicle’s
engine must be running and the transaxle not in
PARK (P) for this message to display. A chime will
also sound when the vehicle’s speed is greater than
5 mph (8 km/h).
DRIVER DOOR AJAR - 140: This message will
display when the vehicle is being shifted out of
PARK (P) with the engine running to signal that the
driver’s door is open or ajar. A chime will also sound
when the vehicle’s speed is greater than 5 mph (8 km/h).
ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE ENGINE - 44:
This message will appear when the engine coolant
temperature is over 248_F (126_C). To avoid added
strain on a hot engine, turn off the climate control
system. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or the message is removed. If it does not cool
down, turn off the engine and have it serviced before
driving it again. Severe engine damage can result from
an overheated engine. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
ENGINE HOT - A/C OFF - 16: This message
displays when the engine coolant becomes hotter than
the normal operating temperature. To avoid added strain
on a hot engine, the air conditioning compressor is
automatically turned off so that air conditioned air is
not delivered. If the coolant temperature returns to
normal, you must select AC to return to a normal A/C
compressor operation. If this message continues to
appear, have the system repaired as soon as possible to
avoid compressor damage.
ENGINE MISFIRE -- EASE OFF GAS
PEDAL - 114: An engine misfire has occurred.
You’ll need to ease off the gas pedal.
ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE - 42:
This message will appear when the engine has overheated.
Stop and turn the engine off immediately to avoid severe
engine damage. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
A multiple chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
ENGINE POWER REDUCED - 41: This message
informs you that your vehicle is reducing engine power
because the transaxle is being placed in gear under
conditions that may cause damage to the vehicle
powertrain or vehicle acceleration.
FUEL LEVEL LOW - 11: This message serves as
a warning that the fuel level in the tank is critically low.
Stop for fuel soon.
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED - 23: If it’s dark enough
outside and Twilight Sentinel is off, a HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message will display on the DIC.
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) are still illuminated
(it’s become dark enough outside to require the
headlamps and/or other exterior lamps).
ICE POSSIBLE - 13: This message appears when
the outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy
road conditions.
LOW REFRIG A/C OFF - 12: This message means
that the air conditioning system detects a refrigerant
level that is low enough to cause damage to the air
conditioning compressor. Have the air conditioning
system serviced if this message appears.
MONITORED SYSTEMS OK - 1: This message only
appears in the “recall” mode by pressing the NO INFO
RESET button. It lets you know that no other messages
are stored or are currently active.
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OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE - 35: If this
message appears while the engine is running, stop the
engine and do not operate it until the cause of low oil
pressure is corrected. Severe damage to the engine can
result. A multiple chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
OPTIONS NOT SET - 99: This message will display
if a fault has occurred in your vehicle’s memory.
Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
PROGRAM PASS KEY - 31: This warning message
displays when the PASS-KeyR II pellet information
has not been programmed into your vehicle. See your
dealership for service.
REMOVE KEY - 70: This message will appear when
the PASS-KeyR II system is unable to read the pellet
on the ignition key or an improper key pellet has been
inserted. This message usually appears following the
display of STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY.
The instrument panel cluster will then run a timer and
change the messages to WAIT 3 MINUTES, WAIT
2 MINUTES, WAIT 1 MINUTE and then START CAR.
When the REMOVE KEY message is displayed, remove
the ignition key. Check the ignition key for damage.
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If it is damaged, it may need to be replaced. If you see
no damage, clean the pellet contacts with a soft cloth or
napkin before inserting the key back into the ignition.
Have your vehicle serviced if the message still appears.
SERVICE A/C SYSTEM - 14: This message
appears when the electronic sensors that control the air
conditioning and heating systems are no longer working.
Have the climate control system serviced if you notice a
drop in heating and air conditioning efficiency.
SERVICE AIR BAG - 83: There is a problem with
the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (air bag) system
when this message appears. Let only a qualified
technician work on your vehicle. See your dealership
for service at once.
SERVICE BRAKE FLUID SWITCH - 37: A problem
in the brake fluid detection circuit causes this message
to display if the ignition is in RUN. Have the brake
system serviced by a technician as soon as possible.
If the brake warning light is on, refer to the directions
listed in that part.
SERVICE CHARGING SYSTEM - 102: This
message will display when a problem with the charging
system has been detected. Have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
SERVICE STEERING SYS - 127: This message
is displayed when a problem has been detected in the
magnetic variable speed assist steering system.
Service is required. A single chime will also sound
when this message is displayed.
SERVICE ELECTRIC SYS - 106: This message will
display if an electrical problem has occurred within the
Powertrain Control Module (PCM). Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION - 100: If a problem
is detected with the transaxle, this message will appear.
Have your vehicle checked by your dealership.
SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM - 101: The PCM has
detected a problem within the fuel system when this
message appears. See your dealership for service.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON - 3: If a problem is
detected with the transaxle, this message will appear.
Have your vehicle checked by your dealership.
SERVICE IDLE CONTROL - 107: A problem with
the idle control has occurred when this message displays.
Drive your vehicle to the dealership for service.
SERV STABILITY SYS - 54: If you ever see the
SERV STABILITY SYS message, it means there
may be a problem with your stability enhancement
system. If you see this message, try to reset the system
(stop, turn off the engine, then start the engine again).
If the SERV STABILITY SYS message still comes on,
it means there is a problem. You should see your dealer
for service. Reduce your speed and drive accordingly.
A single chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
SERVICE RIDE SYS - 84: This message is displayed
to indicate that the suspension system is not operating
properly. To correct this problem, have your vehicle
serviced at your dealership.
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STABILITY ENGAGED - 55: You may see
the STABILITY ENGAGED message on the
Driver Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help
your vehicle continue to go in the direction in which
you’re steering. This stability enhancement system
activates when the computer senses that your vehicle is
just starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice
or other slippery spot on the road. When the system is
on, you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
When the STABILITY ENGAGED message is on,
you should continue to steer in the direction you want
to go. The system is designed to help you in bad
weather or other difficult driving situations by making
the most of whatever road conditions will permit. If the
STABILITY ENGAGED message comes on, you’ll
know that something has caused your vehicle to start to
spin, so you should consider slowing down.
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STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY - 33: This
message will appear when the PASS-KeyR II system
senses that an improper ignition key is being used to try
to start the vehicle. Check the ignition key for damage.
If it is damaged, it may need to be replaced. If you see
no damage, clean the pellet contacts with a soft cloth or
napkin. Remove the ignition key and wait for the DIC
to display WAIT 3 MINUTES. The instrument panel
cluster will then run a timer and change the messages
to WAIT 2 MINUTES, WAIT 1 MINUTE and then
START CAR. When the START CAR message is
displayed, try again to start the engine.
THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM, CAR MAY NOT
RESTART - 34: This message means there is a problem
in the PASS-KeyR II system. A fault has been detected
in the system which means that the PASS-KeyR II
system is disabled and is not protecting the vehicle.
The vehicle usually restarts, however, you may want to
take your vehicle to a proper service center before
turning off the engine.
TOP SPEED FUEL OFF - 111: This message will
appear when the PCM senses that the maximum speed
for your vehicle has been reached. The speed of your
vehicle will decrease several mph as the fuel supply is
cut off. This allows your vehicle to stay in a stable
operating range.
TRACTION ENGAGED - 91: When your traction
control system is limiting wheel spin, the TRACTION
ENGAGED message will be displayed. Slippery road
conditions may exist if this message is displayed, so
adjust your driving accordingly. This message will stay
on for a few seconds after the traction control system
stops limiting wheel spin.
TRACTION OFF - 89: This message will be displayed
after the traction control has been turned off.
TRACTION READY - 90: This message informs
the driver that the traction control system is available.
This occurs when the traction on/off button in the glove
box has been returned to ON (pressing the button once
turns the traction control system off; pressing the button
again turns the system back on). This message also
self-cancels after five seconds.
TRACTION SUSPENDED - 56: This message
displays when the traction control system has been
temporarily shut off because your vehicle’s brakes
have overheated. This message does not indicate a
problem with your vehicle’s traction control system.
After a few minutes, the traction control system will be
available again and the TRACTION READY message
will appear.
TRANS FLUID RESET - 48: With the engine not
running and the ignition on, press and hold the OFF and
rear defog buttons located on the climate control panel
until the TRANS FLUID RESET message appears on
the DIC (between five and 20 seconds).
TRANS HOT IDLE ENG - 112: This message
indicates that the transaxle fluid in your vehicle is too
hot. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or until this message is removed.
TRUNK OPEN - 24: This message indicates that the
trunk is open when your vehicle’s ignition is in RUN.
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TURN SIGNAL ON - 20: This message is a reminder,
after driving about 1 mile (1.6 km/h), that you have the
turn signal on. A multiple chime will also sound when
this message is displayed.
VEHICLE OVERSPEED - 52: This message is
displayed when the vehicle speed exceeds a certain limit
as required by some export countries. A continuous
chime will also sound when this message is displayed.
VEHICLE SPEED LIMITED TO XXX MPH
(KM/H) - 113: A failure in the suspension control
system has occurred when this message appears.
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) determines
the speed your vehicle is limited to. Have your vehicle
serviced if this message appears. (The XXX indicates
the speed your vehicle is limited to.)
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Memory and Personalization Features
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with the following
features that can be individually programmed, or
personalized, for up to two drivers. For a brief
description of the features, look up each feature in
the Index for a page reference.
Entering Feature Programming
To enter the feature programming mode,
do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN.
2. Press and hold the SKIP INFO and NO INFO
RESET buttons at the same time until the first
programmable feature is displayed.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
This feature allows you to program the way the vehicle’s
doors lock and unlock.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1 (DOORS LOCK IN GEAR): All doors
automatically lock when shifted out of PARK (P).
No automatic door unlock.
Mode 2 (DRIVR UNLOCK IN PARK): All doors
automatically lock when shifted out of PARK (P).
Only the driver’s door automatically unlocks when
shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 3 (DRIVR UNLOCK KEY OFF): All doors
automatically lock when shifted out of PARK (P).
Only the driver’s door automatically unlocks when
the ignition key is turned to OFF.
Mode 4 (DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK): All doors
automatically lock when shifted out of PARK (P) and
unlock when shifting into PARK (P).
Mode 5 (DOORS UNLOCK KEY OFF): All doors
automatically lock when shifted out of PARK (P).
All doors automatically unlock when the ignition key
is turned to OFF.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to enable Mode 1 and Mode 4. The modes
to which the vehicle was programmed may have been
changed since it left the factory. To determine the modes
to which the vehicle is programmed or to program the
vehicle to different modes, do the following:
1. Enter feature programming following the
instructions listed previously.
2. A yes or no response must be made after each mode
is displayed in order to continue to the next mode.
Press the YES TRIP RESET button to indicate yes,
or press the NO INFO RESET button to indicate no.
Once you have indicated the mode that you want
with a yes response, FEATURE ON will appear on
the display. FEATURE OFF appears when you
indicate a no response, and the display will advance
to the next mode.
LGHTS FLSH AT UNLOCK will appear once a
mode has been selected for the automatic door locks.
If you press the SKIP INFO button, the menu will
advance to the next feature available for programming.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Lock/Unlock Confirmation
This personalization feature allows the driver to program
the parking lamps to flash when the buttons on the
remote keyless entry transmitter are pressed, to program
the horn to sound when the button with the lock symbol
is pressed and/or to program the exterior lamps to turn on
when the button with the unlock symbol is pressed on the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1 (LGHTS FLSH AT UNLOCK): Parking
lamps flash twice when the button with the unlock
symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed.
Mode 4 (EXT LIGHTS AT UNLOCK): Exterior
lamps turn on when the button with the unlock symbol
on the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed
and it is dark outside. These lamps stay on for about
20 seconds or until the key is turned to OFF.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to enable Mode 1 and Mode 2. The modes
to which the vehicle was programmed may have been
changed since it left the factory. To determine the modes
to which the vehicle is programmed or to program the
vehicle to different modes, do the following:
1. Enter feature programming following the
instructions listed previously.
Mode 2 (LIGHTS FLASH AT LOCK): Parking lamps
flash once when the button with the lock symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed.
2. Press the SKIP INFO button until LOCK/UNLOCK
appears on the display.
Mode 3 (HORN SOUNDS AT LOCK): Horn sounds
when the button with the lock symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed.
3. Press YES TRIP RESET to select this feature for
programming. Mode 1 described previously will
appear on the display once a yes response is made.
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4. A yes or no response must be made after each mode
is displayed in order to continue to the next mode.
Press the YES TRIP RESET button to indicate yes,
or press the NO INFO RESET button to indicate no.
Once you have indicated the mode that you want
with a yes response, FEATURE ON will appear on
the display. FEATURE OFF appears when you
indicate a no response, and the display will advance
to the next mode.
REMOTE RECALL MEMORY will appear
once a mode has been selected for lock/unlock
confirmation feature.
Remote Recall Memory (If Equipped with
Memory Personalization)
Memory settings that have been previously programmed
(climate control settings, radio preset settings, exterior
lighting choices, remote confirmation choices and
programmable automatic door lock choices) can be
recalled by using the remote keyless entry transmitter
or by placing the key in your vehicle’s ignition.
Programmable Modes
If you press the SKIP INFO button, the menu will
advance to the next feature available for programming.
Mode 1 (REMOTE RECALL MEMORY):
The previously programmed driver’s seat and mirror
positions are automatically recalled when the button
with the unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is used to unlock the vehicle.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Mode 2 (KEY IN RECALL MEMORY):
The previously programmed driver’s seat and mirror
positions are automatically recalled when the ignition
is turned to RUN.
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Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to enable Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Enter feature programming following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the SKIP INFO button until REMOTE
RECALL MEMORY appears on the display.
3. Press YES TRIP RESET to select this feature
for programming.
4. A yes or no response must be made after each mode
is displayed in order to continue to the next mode.
Press the YES TRIP RESET button to indicate yes
to turn this feature on, or press NO INFO RESET to
turn this feature off.
FEATURE ON is displayed after a yes response.
If you respond with no, FEATURE OFF is briefly
displayed. Then, KEY IN RECALL MEMORY
will appear on the display, and you will be able to
program this feature.
MIRROR TILT IN REV will appear on the display
once a mode has been selected for the remote recall
memory feature.
If you press the SKIP INFO button, the menu will
advance to the next feature available for programming.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Curb View Assist Mirror (If Equipped with Memory)
When this feature is turned on, the passenger’s side
rearview mirror will tilt downward when the transaxle
is shifted to REVERSE (R). The mirror returns to its
previously programmed position once the transaxle is
shifted out of REVERSE (R). See “Curb View Assist
Mirror” in the Index for more information on this feature.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1 (MIRROR TILT IN REV): Turns feature on.
Mode 2 (MIRROR TILT IN REV): Turns feature off.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter feature programming following the
instructions listed previously.
3. Press YES TRIP RESET to select this feature
for programming.
4. A yes or no response must be made after each mode
is displayed in order to continue to the next mode.
Press the YES TRIP RESET button to indicate yes
to turn this feature on, or press NO INFO RESET to
turn this feature off.
FEATURE ON is displayed after a yes response.
If you respond with no, FEATURE OFF is
briefly displayed.
STORAGE MODE will appear on the display once
a mode has been selected for the curb view assist
mirror feature.
If you press the SKIP INFO button, the menu will
advance to the next feature available for programming.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2. Press the SKIP INFO button until MIRROR
TILT IN REV appears on the display.
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Storage Mode Personalization
When this feature is turned on, the vehicle will enter
the storage mode about 20 minutes after the ignition
has been turned to LOCK. The vehicle will stay in the
storage mode until the ignition key is turned out of
LOCK. The system will “wake-up” when the door
key is inserted into the door; however, your vehicle will
remain in the storage mode. The ignition must be out
of LOCK before the battery guard is disabled.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1 (STORAGE MODE): Turns feature on.
Mode 2 (STORAGE MODE): Turns feature off.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter feature programming following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the SKIP INFO button until STORAGE
MODE appears on the display.
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3. Press YES TRIP RESET to select this feature
for programming.
4. A yes or no response must be made after each mode
is displayed in order to continue to the next mode.
Press the YES TRIP RESET button to indicate yes
to turn this feature on, or press NO INFO RESET to
turn this feature off.
FEATURE ON is displayed after a yes response.
If you respond with no, FEATURE OFF is
briefly displayed.
This is the last available programmable feature.
A yes or no response will end out of the Driver
Information Center (DIC) display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Exiting Feature Programming
To exit the feature programming mode, do the following:
Oil Life Indicator
1. Scroll through all remaining programming modes by
pressing the SKIP INFO button. STORAGE MODE
will be the last mode.
2. Turn the ignition to LOCK. Your selections will
be saved.
Comfort Controls and Radio System Personalization
These features allow both drivers to personalize their own
climate control settings as well as their radio settings. For
more information, see “Climate Control Personalization”
and “Radio Personalization” in the Index.
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) (ETC Only)
The CVRSS automatically adjusts the ride of your
vehicle. Automatic ride control is achieved through a
computer used to control and monitor the suspension
system. The controller receives input from various
sensors to determine the proper system response.
If the controller detects a problem within the system,
the Driver Information Center (DIC) will display a
SERVICE RIDE CONTROL message. If this message
appears, have your vehicle serviced at your dealership.
This feature lets you know when to change the engine
oil. It’s based on the engine oil temperatures and your
driving patterns. To see the display, press the SKIP
INFO button several times until XX OIL LIFE LEFT
appears. If you see 99% OIL LIFE LEFT, 99 percent
of your current oil life remains.
The Driver Information Center (DIC) may display a
CHANGE ENGINE OIL message. Always keep a
written record of the mileage and date when you changed
your oil. For more information, see “Maintenance
Schedule” in the Index. If you see CHANGE ENGINE
OIL, it means that you have no oil life left and you
should change your engine oil right away.
When the oil is changed, you’ll need to reset the system.
See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset” in the Index.
2-95
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-7
3-8
3-8
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-15
3-16
Comfort Controls
Climate Control Panel
Electronic Solar Sensor
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Climate Control Personalization (If Equipped)
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
CD Adapter Kits
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) and Digital Signal
Processing (DPS) (If Equipped)
3-26
3-27
3-31
3-31
3-32
3-32
3-33
3-34
3-35
3-35
3-36
Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program
Type (PTY) Selections
Trunk Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Radio Personalization with Home and
Away Feature (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Power Antenna Mast Care
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
This section tells you how to make your air system
work for you.
The TEMP/AUTO knob adjusts the air temperature
coming through the system. Turn the TEMP/AUTO
knob clockwise to increase the temperature and
counterclockwise to decrease the temperature.
Press the TEMP/AUTO knob to put the system
in the automatic mode.
With the climate control system, you can control
the heating, cooling and ventilation in your vehicle.
Your vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation
system described later in this section.
Climate Control Panel
Passenger’s Side Temperature Switch
With this dual-zone feature, the right front passenger
can control the temperature of air for his/her own zone.
The passenger can select a temperature that is up to
four degrees warmer or cooler than the driver’s setting.
To turn the system on, press the PASS/TEMP switch.
Press the up arrow to increase the temperature and press
the down arrow to decrease it. Pressing the OFF button
will turn off the dual-zone function.
Outside Temperature Display
Fan Switch
∧
∨ (Fan): The switch with the fan symbol adjusts the
fan speed. Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and
the down arrow to decrease fan speed.
3-2
The outside temperature is always displayed when your
vehicle is running. You can change it from Fahrenheit
to Celsius with the Driver Information Center (DIC).
Pressing the SKIP INFO button (above the radio) until
ENGLISH/METRIC RESET is displayed. Then press
the NO INFO RESET button to select.
The outside temperature sensor is located near the front
grille. The sensor can be affected by road or engine
heat during idling, slow driving or when the engine is
first started after a short trip. In order to ensure proper
automatic climate control operation, the outside air
temperature display may not update as quickly as
expected. This is to allow the air surrounding the outside
temperature sensor to be as close to the actual outside
conditions as possible. This is determined by how much
time has elapsed since the vehicle has been turned off
and by vehicle speed.
Mode Switch
Press the MODE switch to deliver air through the floor,
middle or windshield outlets. The system will stay in
the selected mode until the MODE switch is pressed
again. Press the up or down arrow to cycle through
the available modes.
Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
(Bi-Level): This setting directs air into your
vehicle in two ways. Cool air is directed to the upper
portion of your body through the four instrument
panel outlets while warmed air is directed to the floor.
Heater/Defrost): This setting directs air to the
floor outlets and toward the windshield.
(Heater): This setting directs warmed air through
the floor outlets. Some warm air is diverted to the
windshield to minimize fogging.
(Defrost): Press this button to quickly remove
fog or frost from the windshield. This setting sends
most of the airflow to the windshield with only a
small amount to the floor outlets.
3-3
∧
∨ (Fan): Press the switch with the fan symbol on it
until AUTO is displayed on the screen. This setting
automatically controls the fan speed. If it is cold outside,
the fan may not run in the maximum speed right away.
The system checks the temperature of the engine coolant
to assure it is warm enough to provide heat. When the
engine coolant is warm, the controller allows the fan to
gradually increase to a higher speed. This prevents cold
air from blowing into the passenger compartment. If you
want the fan at a higher speed, press the up arrow until
you see HI on the display. If you want the fan speed to
be automatic, but you want the fan speed to be higher
than the AUTO setting, press the fan symbol until
HI AUTO is shown on the display. If you want the
fan at a lower speed, press the down arrow until LO is
shown on the display. If you want the fan speed to run
lower than the AUTO setting, press the switch until
LO AUTO is shown on the display.
OFF: Press this button to turn the system off.
Fresh air will continue to flow through the vehicle,
and the system will try to maintain the previously set
temperature. The outside temperature will show on the
display when the system is OFF.
AC (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn the
air conditioning on and off. The system will cool and
dehumidify the air inside the vehicle. In the AUTO
mode, the display will show that AC is active, but the
air conditioning compressor only operates when the
system determines it is needed.
(Recirculation): Press this button to limit the
amount of outside air entering your vehicle. This is
helpful when you are trying to cool the air quickly or
limit odors entering your vehicle. In the AUTO mode,
the system will use recirculation as necessary to cool
the air. Pressing the recirculation button will change the
operation to a manual mode and the air will recirculate
non-stop. Press this button again to turn off the
recirculation feature.
If you notice the windows fogging, press the
recirculation button to exit the recirculation mode.
3-4
Automatic Operation
When the system is set for automatic operation,
sensors will control the air delivery mode. Air will
come from the floor, middle or windshield outlets.
The fan speed will vary as the system maintains the
selected temperature setting.
Be careful not to put anything over the solar sensor
located in the middle of the instrument panel near the
windshield. This sensor is used by the automatic system
to regulate temperature.
To find your comfort zone, start with the 75_F (24_C)
setting and allow about 30 minutes for the system to
regulate. Turn the TEMP/AUTO knob to adjust the
temperature if necessary. If you choose 60_F (16_C),
the system will remain at that maximum cooling setting
and will not regulate fan speed. If you choose the
temperature of 90_F (32_C), the system will remain
at that maximum heating setting and will not regulate
fan speed. Choosing either maximum setting will not
cause the system to heat or cool any faster.
With the automatic setting, the air conditioning
compressor automatically cycles when needed to cool
the air. In cold weather, when the system senses the
need for heat, the airflow will be directed out of the
floor outlets. As the interior temperature approaches a
desired setting, the fan speed will decrease. To maintain
interior comfort, the airflow may move to the instrument
panel air outlets and floor outlets (bi-level mode).
On bright sunny days in cold weather, the airflow may
come out of the air conditioning outlets (AC mode) to
maintain comfort and prevent stuffiness.
If your vehicle is sitting out on a hot day and you
have it set on AUTO, the air will first flow out the
floor air outlets for a few seconds. That is normal.
This is to expel hot air from the air outlets. As the
air is cooled, the airflow will move through the air
conditioning outlets. If you start your vehicle with the
fan setting on HI, it will skip the air conditioning purge.
3-5
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system
will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available.
The length of delay depends on the outside air
temperature, engine coolant temperature or the
time since the engine was last started. As the coolant
warms up, the fan speed will gradually increase and
air will flow from the floor outlets, with some airflow
to the windshield to prevent fogging under most
normal conditions.
If you leave your vehicle, the system will remember
the control setting the next time you start your engine,
except for recirculation and defrost. Each ignition cycle
cancels recirculation, whereas, defrost mode will change
to automatic operation when the ignition is shut off and
then turned back on.
3-6
Electronic Solar Sensor
The sensor monitors the sun’s solar radiation and
is located on top of the instrument panel near the
windshield. The electronic climate control panel uses
this information to automatically make the necessary
temperature and airflow adjustments to maintain
your comfort.
Air Conditioning
Heating
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
Press the MODE switch to select the heater mode.
Adjust the interior temperature to a comfortable level
and if the fan speed needs adjusting, press the up or
down arrow.
Press the AC button or the TEMP/AUTO knob to turn
the system on and then select the proper mode to direct
airflow. The system will cool and dehumidify the air
inside the vehicle. Also while in the AUTO mode, the
system will use recirculation as necessary to cool the air.
You may also need to adjust the interior temperature and
the fan speed as needed.
Outside air will be brought in and sent through the floor,
air conditioning or bi-level outlets (depending on the
condition). The heater works best if you keep your
windows closed while using it.
When the air conditioner is on, you may sometimes
notice slight changes in your vehicle’s engine speed
and power. This is normal because the system is
designed to cycle the compressor on and off to
maintain the desired temperature.
Defogging and Defrosting
Use defrost to remove fog or ice from the windshield
quickly in extremely humid or cold conditions.
Press the MODE switch. If you select defrost mode,
adjust the fan speed by pressing the fan switch up or
down. If you select defrost mode from AUTO, the
system will control the fan speed. The temperature also
needs to be adjusted by turning the TEMP/AUTO knob.
Recirculation is not available in the defrost or defog modes.
3-7
Rear Window Defogger
The lines you see on the rear window warm the glass.
When the rear window defogger is turned on, the rear
window and both outside rearview mirrors are heated to
remove ice and snow from the surface of the glass.
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the heater or the air
conditioning fan is running.
Press this button to
turn on the rear defogger.
The system will automatically shut off after 10 minutes.
If further defogging is desired, press the button again.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid or the
integrated rear window antenna, and the repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-8
The front outlets are located in the center and at each
side of the instrument panel. You can adjust the
direction of airflow by moving the center control levers
or you can stop the airflow by moving the lever located
on each side of the outlets downward.
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice,
snow or any other obstruction (such as leaves).
The heater and defroster will work far better,
reducing the chance of fogging the inside of
the windows.
D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather,
adjust the fan to the highest speed for a few
moments before driving off. This helps clear the
intake outlets of snow and moisture, and reduces
the chance of fogging the inside of the windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear
The direction of airflow for the rear seats can also
be adjusted. Move the fan lever to adjust the fan
speed from low to high. Move the vent lever to direct
the airflow.
of objects. This helps circulate air throughout
your vehicle.
3-9
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Some heating and cooling
controls can be adjusted at
the steering wheel. Other
touch controls operate some
audio controls. See “Audio
Steering Wheel Controls”
in the Index.
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off.
See “Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
Setting the Clock
(Fan): Press the up arrow lever to increase the fan
speed and the down arrow lever to decrease fan speed.
TEMP: Press the up arrow lever to increase
the temperature and the down arrow lever to
decrease temperature.
Climate Control Personalization (If Equipped)
This feature allows both drivers (driver 1 or 2 depending
on the number on the back of your remote keyless entry
transmitter) to personalize their own climate control
settings. For more information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
3-10
Press and hold HR or MN until the time display begins
to change. Release the button as you get close to the
correct time. The time may be set anytime the clock is
displayed. There is a two-second delay before the clock
goes into time-set mode.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
HR (Hour) or MN (Minute): Display the time with
the ignition off by pressing this button.
DSPL (Display): Pressing this button will display the
station being played.
Finding a Station
t u
tTUNEu: Press and release this button to tune
to the next or previous radio station.
tSEEKu: Press and hold this button until a chime
BAND : Press this button to select AM,
FM1 or FM2.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
sounds. Next or previous radio stations are advanced to
in small increments until the SEEK button is released.
Seeking stops when you release this button. If you
press and hold the SEEK button again within five
seconds of being in seek mode, seeking will continue.
Waiting longer than five seconds places the radio back
in tune mode.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
The volume level will appear on the display.
3-11
SCAN: Press this button and SCAN will appear on the
display. Use scan to listen to stations for a few seconds.
The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds,
then go on to the next station. Press this button again
to stop scanning.
Setting Preset Stations
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for
two to three seconds until PRESET SCAN appears
on the display to listen to each of your preset stations
for a few seconds (factory presets which have not
been reprogrammed with your stations will be ignored).
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on
your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on
to the next preset station. Press SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception,
the radio will not stop at the preset station.
1. Turn the radio on.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
for more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton for
less than two seconds, the station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied,
you will not have to reset your radio presets because
the radio remembers them.
3-12
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Playing a Cassette Tape
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to
decrease bass.
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side
of your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays
the other side of your cassette tape. If you want to insert
a cassette tape when the ignition is off, first press the
eject button.
TREB (Treble): Press this knob lightly so it
extends. Turn the knob clockwise to increase and
counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station is
weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions
when you’re not using them.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends.
Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise for the left speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a
tape is inserted. The display will show TAPE with an
arrow to indicate which side of the tape is playing.
PLAY will appear on the display temporarily when a
tape is playing. The display will then revert back to
showing the time.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes. Dolby Noise
Reduction is manufactured under a license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks
of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
3-13
t
REV (Reverse): Press the left arrow to rewind the
tape rapidly. The radio will play while the tape reverses
and REV will appear on the display. You may use your
station pushbuttons to tune to another radio station while
in reverse mode. Press the left arrow again to return to
playing speed.
u
FF (Fast Forward): Press the right arrow to fast
forward to another part of the tape. The radio will play
while the tape advances and FF will appear on the
display. You may use your station pushbuttons to
tune to another radio station while in fast forward mode.
Press the right arrow again to return to playing speed.
t
u
SEEK : Press the right arrow to seek to the next
selection on the tape. Press the left arrow to search for
the previous selection on the tape (REP will appear on
the display). Your tape must have at least three seconds
of silence between each selection for seek to work. The
sound will mute while seeking.
3-14
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a
few seconds. SCAN FF will appear on the display until
the next selection is found and then SCAN PLAY will
appear on the display. The tape will go to a selection,
play for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
∧ SIDE ∨ : Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing. (PLAY shows on the display.)
t
u
SOURCE : Press this button to select a source.
If no cassette tape is in the tape player, CASS appears
on the display and then the radio station appears briefly.
The display then reverts back to showing the time of
day. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
(Eject): Press this button to stop a tape when
it is playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing.
Eject may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes
may be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the PWR knob is pressed. Press PWR
or turn the ignition off to stop the cassette tape player.
The tape will stay in the player and resume play at the
point where it stopped.
Cassette Tape Messages
CD Adapter Kits
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape,
it could be one of the following reasons:
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the
bypass feature on your tape player.
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the
right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the
tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily,
your cassette tape may be damaged and should not
be used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
CLN (Clean): If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
To activate the bypass feature, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for
five seconds. The tape symbol on the display
will flash for two seconds, indicating the feature
is active.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will
power up the radio and begin playing.
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-15
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) and Digital Signal
Processing (DSP) (If Equipped)
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
HR (Hour) or MN (Minute): Display the time with
the ignition off by pressing this button.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source,
either cassette or compact disc. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
3-16
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1, FM2 or
weather.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations and associated tone and DSP settings.
The RDS PTY mode must be off to use this mode.
You can set up to 24 stations (six AM, six FM1, six FM2
and six weather), by performing the following steps:

∨ : When this button is pressed it
∧ TUNE SEEK 
has two positions. Press this button to the first position
to manually tune to the next or previous stations. If this
button is held at the first position for a few seconds,
the radio will continue tuning until this button is
released. Press this button to the second position and
release to seek to the next or previous radio station.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2 or weather.
3. Tune in the desired station.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds
to scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station,
play for five seconds, then go on to the next station.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
for more than two seconds. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton for less than two seconds,
the station you set will return.
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will
go to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
play for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. The radio
will scan preset stations with a strong signal only.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied,
you will not have to reset your radio presets because
the radio remembers them.
3-17
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
TONE: Press and release this button until BASS or
TREBLE appears on the display. The radio keeps
separate tone settings for each band, preset
(except weather band presets) and source.
- LEVEL +: After selecting the desired tone control,
press the plus or minus symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered button for the desired preset for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
control BALANCE or FADE.
- LEVEL +: After selecting the BALANCE or FADE,
press the plus or minus symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered pushbutton for the desired preset for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep.
3-18
Using DSP
DSP (Digital Signal Processing): DSP is used to
provide a choice of four different listening experiences:
TALK, DRIVER SEAT, LIVE and AUDITORIUM.
DSP can be used while listening to the radio, the cassette
tape player or the CD player. Press this button to turn
DSP on. Press and release this button until the desired
selection appears on the display. To turn DSP off,
press and hold this button until DSP OFF appears on
the display. When DSP OFF is displayed, the system
will provide the best overall BoseR performance.
The radio keeps separate DSP settings for each band
(except weather band, which is always set to TALK),
preset and source.
TALK: This setting is used when listening to
non-musical material such as news, talk shows,
sports broadcasts and books on tape. TALK makes
spoken words sound very clear.
DRIVER SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to give
the driver the best possible sound qualities. DRIVER
SEAT can be used at any time for any material. Rear seat
passengers in the vehicle may not get the same effect.
LIVE: This setting is used to enhance the stereo effect.
AUDITORIUM: This setting is used to make the
listening space seem larger.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with Radio Data Systems
(RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new features.
With RDS the radio can do the following:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
D receive and display messages from radio stations and
D search for a stronger station when a station is too
weak for listening.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information.
(RDS Select): Press this button to use the
alternate RDS functions (RDS, TA, MSG, PTY and
the PTY arrows).
HR (Hour) or MN (Minute): Press the RDS select
button, followed by one of these buttons to display the
time of the current station. STATION TIME IS will be
displayed. If a time has not been sent to the radio,
NO STATION TIME will be displayed. If you have
recently tuned to the station, you may need to wait a
minute before the time is available to the radio. To set
the clock to the current displayed station time, press and
hold HR or MN until TIME UPDATED is displayed.
There is a two second delay before the time is updated.
RDS does not have to be on to use this function,
but you must be tuned to an FM RDS station.
REGION: Press the RDS select button, then press
and hold the RDS pushbutton for two seconds.
REGION: ON will appear on the display. When an
RDS station becomes weak, this function searches for
a stronger station within the same network. A network
can span a great distance. One network can have stations
spread across a country or continent. Each network
breaks down into regions. With regions, local news
items like weather and traffic are available to you.
When the region function is on, the radio only searches
for stations in the same network and region. You can
only use the region function when RDS is on. Press the
RDS pushbutton again to turn the region function off.
REGION: OFF will appear on the display.
3-19
Finding a PTY Preset Station
1 RDS: To turn RDS on, press the RDS select button,
followed by this button. You must have RDS on to use
the RDS functions.
If you are tuned to a station broadcasting RDS
information, the station’s call letters and Program
Type (PTY) will replace the station’s frequency on the
display. After five seconds, the PTY will be replaced on
the display by the station’s PTY name. The PTY and
PTY name may be the same or different. Press BAND
to recall the frequency and PTY displays. If the radio
is tuned to a station that is not broadcasting RDS
information, the station’s frequency will remain on the
display. While RDS is on, the radio will search for a
stronger station in the network when a station gets too
weak for listening.
Press the RDS select button, followed by the RDS
pushbutton again to turn RDS off. All RDS functions
will be turned off.
3-20
4 PTY (Program Type): This pushbutton is used to
turn on and off PTY seeks and scans. Press the RDS
select button, followed by this pushbutton. The PTY
display will turn on. RDS SELECT: PTY NEWS will
appear on the display for three seconds. (The PTY
shown will be the last PTY selected.) Press the RDS
select button, followed by this pushbutton again to
turn the PTY display off.
t
u
5 6 PTY (Program Type Scroll): With RDS on,
press the RDS select button, followed by the left or right
arrow. The PTY display will turn on, if it is not already
on. The PTY display will turn on. RDS SELECT: PTY
NEWS will appear on the display for three seconds.
(The PTY shown will be the last PTY selected.)
While this message is displayed, use the left or right
arrow to move up and down the PTY list. See “Radio
Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY) Selections”
in the Index.
When the PTY display is on, press SEEK or SCAN
to find radio stations of the PTY you want to listen to.
The last PTY selected will be used for seek and scan.
If a station with the selected PTY is not found, NONE
FOUND will appear on the display. If both PTY and
TA are on, the radio will search for stations with traffic
announcements and the selected PTY.
Setting a PTY Preset Stations
RDS Messages
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These pushbuttons have factory presets.
See “Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type (PTY)
Selections” in the Index. You can set up to 12 PTYs
(six FM1 and six FM2), by doing the following:
ALERT: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. Alert announcements will come
on even if RDS mode is turned off. ALERT appears
on the display when an alert announcement plays.
The radio uses TA volume during these announcements.
To increase volume, turn the VOL knob clockwise.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TA VOLUME will appear on the display while the
volume is being adjusted. When an alert announcement
comes on the current radio station or a related network
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted
or a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. If the
radio tunes to a related network station for an alert
announcement, it will return to the original station
when the announcement is finished. If the cassette tape
or compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
1. Turn PTY on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in an RDS station with the PTY you desire.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
for more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Whenever you press that pushbutton for less than
two seconds, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied,
you will not have to reset your RDS presets because
the radio remembers them.
3-21
2 TA (Traffic Announcement): Press the RDS select
button followed by the TA pushbutton to receive traffic
announcements. TP will appear on the display if the
current station broadcasts traffic announcements.
You may also receive traffic announcements from
stations in the network related to the current station.
If the current station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station
which does.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current
radio station or a related network station, you will
hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the radio tunes to a related
network station for a traffic announcement, it will
return to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If the cassette tape or compact disc player was
being used, the tape or compact disc will stay in the
player and resume play at the point where it stopped.
When the radio finds a station which broadcasts traffic
announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NONE FOUND will appear on the display and the TA
symbol will turn off. When the SEEK or SCAN buttons
are pressed with the TA function on, the radio will only
stop at stations which broadcast traffic announcements.
Press the RDS select button followed by the TA
pushbutton to turn TA off.
While a traffic announcement plays, the radio uses a
special type of volume called TA volume. To increase
TA volume, turn the VOL knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume. TA VOLUME
will appear on the display while the volume is
being adjusted.
3-22
3 MSG (Message): When RDS is on, if the current
station has a message, MSG will appear on the display.
Press the RDS select button, followed by the MSG
pushbutton to see the message. If the whole message
does not appear on the display, parts of the message
will appear every three seconds until the message is
completed. To see the parts of the message faster than
every three seconds, press the MSG pushbutton again.
A new group of words will appear on the display.
Once the complete message has been displayed,
MSG will disappear from the display until another
new message is received.
Playing a Cassette Tape
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off but they will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE,
LEVEL and DSP controls just as you do for the radio.
Other controls may have different functions when a
tape is inserted. The display will show an underlined
tape symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display
when a tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which
side of the tape is playing.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise. Dolby Noise Reduction is
manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust to
the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for CrO2
cassette tapes.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
<< RW (Rewind): Press the left arrow to rewind the
tape rapidly. The radio will play while the tape rewinds.
You may use your station pushbuttons to tune to another
radio station while in rewind. Press the left arrow again
to return to playing speed.
FF >> (Fast Forward): Press the right arrow to fast
forward to another part of the tape. The radio will play
while the tape advances. You may use your station
pushbuttons to tune to another radio station while in
fast forward. Press the right arrow again to return to
playing speed.

∨ : Press this button to seek to the next
∧ SEEK 
or previous selection on the tape. Your tape must have
at least three seconds of silence between each press of
SEEK to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a
few seconds. The tape will go to a selection, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
(Eject): Press this button, located to the right of
the cassette tape slot, to stop a tape when it is playing
or to eject a tape when it is not playing. Eject may be
activated with the radio off and/or the ignition off.
3-23
Cassette Tape Messages
Playing a Compact Disc
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape,
it could be for one of the following reasons:
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio
are on and the underlined compact disc symbol appears
on the display, the disc will begin playing. Compact
discs may be loaded with the radio off but they will not
start playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a
disc when the ignition is off, press the eject button first.
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the
right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the
tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily,
your cassette tape may be damaged and should not
be used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the
smaller compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
<< RW (Rewind): Press and hold the left arrow
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-24
to reverse the compact disc. Release it to return to
playing speed.
FF >> (Fast Forward): Press and hold the right arrow
to fast forward the compact disc. Release it to return to
playing speed.

∨ : Press this button to seek to the next or
∧ SEEK 
previous track on the compact disc.
Compact Disc Messages
SCAN: Press this button to listen to tracks for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a track, play for
a few seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
D If you’re driving on a very rough road. When the
RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RDM again
to turn off random play.
(Eject): Press this button, located to the right of
the CD slot, to stop a CD when it is playing or to eject
a CD when it is not playing. Eject may also be activated
with the radio off and/or the ignition off.
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
road becomes smooth the disc should play.
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour
and try again.)
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-25
Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program
Type (PTY) Selections
PTY List
Description
Adlt Hit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adult Hits
Any . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Any
Classicl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical
Cls Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical Rock
College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . College
Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Country
Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information
Jazz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jazz
Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Language
News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . News
Nostalga . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nostalgia
Oldies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oldies
Persnlty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personality
Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public
R & B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rhythm and Blues
Rel Musc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Music
Rel Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious Talk
3-26
PTY List
Description
Rock M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rock Music
Soft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft
Soft Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soft Rock
Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sports
Talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Talk
Top 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Top 40
Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weather
Factory PTY Presets
Preset
FM1
FM2
Preset 1
Adult Hits
Jazz
Preset 2
Classical
Oldies
Preset 3
News
Religious Music
Preset 4
Public
Soft Rock
Preset 5
Rock
R&B
Preset 6
Country
Top 40
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
With the compact disc changer, you can play up to
12 discs continuously. Normal size discs may be
played using the trays supplied in the magazine.
The smaller discs (8 cm) can be played only with
specially designed trays.
NOTICE:
Objects in the trunk which may shift or slide
during driving could damage your CD changer.
Protect your CD changer by using the convenience
net whenever possible. Place large objects in the
trunk appropriately so that they will not come into
contact with the CD changer.
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Each of the 12 trays holds one
disc. Press the button on the back of the magazine and
pull gently on one of the trays. Load the trays from
bottom to top, placing a disc on the tray label side down.
If you load a disc label side up, the disc will not play
and an error will occur. Gently push the tray back into
the magazine slot. Repeat this procedure for loading up
to 12 discs in the magazine.
3-27
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine,
slide open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer.
Push the magazine into the changer in the direction of
the arrow marked on top of the magazine.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the left.
When the door is closed, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one and a half minutes, depending on the
number of discs loaded.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the
CD changer door all the way open. The magazine will
automatically eject. Remember to keep the door closed
whenever possible to keep dirt and dust from getting
inside the changer.
3-28
Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a
CD begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front
of the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons, except for ejecting the CD magazine.
PUSHBUTTONS: Press pushbuttons one through six
to select compact discs one through six. Press and hold
one of the six pushbuttons until a beep sounds to
select compact discs 7 through 12. These pushbuttons
represent the order of the discs loaded in the changer.
DSPL (Display): Press and hold this button to see
the track elapsed time. (This button is available on the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player only.)
<< REV (Reverse) or << RW (Rewind): Press and
hold this button to reverse quickly through a track.

∨ : Press the right arrow to seek to
∧ SEEK TUNE 
the next track. Press the left arrow to search for the
previous track. The sound will mute while seeking.

∨ : Press this up arrow to seek to the
∧ TUNE SEEK 
next track. Press the down arrow to seek to the previous
previous track. The sound will mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to hear the first few seconds
of the first track on each disc. Press this button again
to stop scanning.
To scan tracks, press SCAN for less than two seconds.
You will hear the first few seconds of each track on a disc.
Press SCAN again to stop scanning. The CD will mute
while scanning and SCAN will appear on the display.
RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks
in random, rather than sequential, order. RANDOM will
appear on the display. Press SEEK while RDM is on the
display to randomly seek through discs. Press RDM
again to turn off random play. (This button is not
available on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player.)
FF >> (Fast Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly through a track.
3-29
SIDE: Press this button to select the next disc in the
changer. If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player, CD and the disc
number will appear on the display each time you press
this button. If your vehicle is equipped with any other
audio system, DISC LOADING will appear on the
display and the disc number on the radio display will
go to that of the next available CD each time you press
this button.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for one of
the following reasons:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when
the road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label
side up.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source.
The audio source must be loaded to play. If none of
the audio sources are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED
will appear on the display. (CD will be displayed for
a few seconds instead on the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player, then the radio will play.) Press this
button again or press BAND to switch back to the radio.
CD CHANGER DOOR OPEN is displayed when
the CD changer door is left open. (CHEK DOOR will be
displayed instead on the AM-FM Stereo with Cassette
Tape Player.) Completely close the changer door to
restore normal operation.
Slide the CD changer door all the way open and the disc
holder will automatically eject.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-30
and try again.
Radio Personalization with Home and
Away Feature (If Equipped)
If DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or
DRIVER 2 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears
in the display when the radio is first turned on,
your vehicle is equipped with this feature.
This feature allows the driver to return to the last used
audio source (radio, cassette or CD) using their remote
keyless entry transmitter. This feature can also store
and recall AM and FM presets, volume, tone and the
last selected radio station. The number on the back of
each transmitter (1 or 2) corresponds to driver 1 or 2.
If transmitter 1 is used to enter the vehicle, the last
used audio source and/or settings set by driver 1 will be
recalled. If transmitter 2 is used to enter the vehicle, the
last used audio source and/or settings set by driver 2 will
be recalled. The settings can also be recalled by pressing
the MEMORY seat buttons 1 or 2 located on the
driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home and
away presets allow you to use one set of preset radio
settings in the area where you live, and another set when
you go out of town. That way, you will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the clock displayed, use fast forward and
reverse to select home or away presets. To select the
away presets, press and hold FF for five seconds until
you hear a beep. The next time the radio comes on,
the away presets will be active. To select the home
presets, press and hold RW or REV for five seconds
until you hear a beep. The next time the radio comes on,
the home presets will be active.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets because
the radio remembers them. However, you will have to
reset your away radio presets.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of
your radio. Your vehicle has a “built-in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic -- there is
no programming required. The radio in your vehicle
cannot be used in any other vehicle. When the radio
was originally installed in your vehicle at the factory,
it stored the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
Each time the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified.
If the vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in
the radio, THEFTLOCK will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to
trace the radio back to your vehicle.
3-31
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the following:
VOLUME : Push the
lever up or down to increase
or decrease volume.
When in Radio Data Systems (RDS) Program Type
(PTY) mode, the SELECT lever can be used to perform
a PTY preset seek. PSEEK will appear on the display
while the PTY preset seek is performed. The radio will
seek all of the PTYs stored in presets, except for the
PTY Any.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
SELECT : When listening to the radio, push the lever
up or down to tune to the next or previous preset radio
station. (If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM
Stereo with Cassette Tape Player, factory presets which
have not been reprogrammed with your stations will be
ignored). When listening to a cassette tape, the SELECT
lever can be used to SEEK forward and rearward
through the tape. Pressing the SELECT lever when
listening to a CD will cause the player to go to the next
or previous track.
3-32
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
Weather Band (If Equipped)
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive
one or two channels.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be
loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage do the following:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you
can add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems
may also interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-33
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after
every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN
or CLEAN TAPE to indicate that you have used your
tape player for 50 hours without resetting the tape
clean timer. If this message appears on the display,
your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your
cassette tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
When cleaning the cassette tape player with the
recommended non-abrasive cleaning cassette, it is
possible that the cassette may eject, because the cut tape
detection feature on your radio may recognize it as a
broken tape. To prevent the cleaning cassette from being
ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two
seconds. The tape symbol on the display will
flash three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the broken
tape detection feature is active again.
3-34
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
Care of Your Compact Discs
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape Player, press and hold the eject button for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator after you clean
the player. The radio will display --- to show the
indicator was reset.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
If your vehicle is equipped with any other radio, press
and hold the eject button for three seconds to reset
the CLEAN TAPE indicator after you clean the player.
The radio will display CLEAN TAPE MSG CLEARED
to show the indicator was reset.
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
3-35
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will look its best and work well if
it’s cleaned from time to time. To clean the antenna mast
do the following:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing
any dirt.
4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth.
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radio to make the power antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turn the radio off, it may be damaged or need
to be cleaned. In either case, lower the antenna by
hand by carefully pressing the antenna down.
If the mast portion of your antenna is damaged,
you can easily replace it. See your dealer for a
replacement kit and follow the instructions in the kit.
3-36
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-18
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-26
4-30
4-32
4-34
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to
brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor -- makes proper defensive driving more
difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this,
or pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol,
so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
4-3
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who consumes food just before or during
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means
that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level
than a man of her same body weight when each has
the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower.
For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in
the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a
BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the
driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC
approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are
worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels
above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of
being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who
have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a
BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance
of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent,
the chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times
greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with
one driver and as long as two or three seconds or
more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a
vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet
(20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency,
so keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System”
in the Index.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and longer
brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your
engine stops, you will still have some power brake
assist. But you will use it when you brake. Once the
power assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will stay
on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake
pressure faster than any driver could. The computer
is programmed to make the most of available tire and
road conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here’s what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning
or beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ENGAGED message will display on
the Driver Information Center when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. See “Driver Information
Center Messages” in the Index. You may feel or hear
the system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control” in
the Index.
4-9
This warning light will
come on to let you know if
there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
To turn the system off,
press the TRAC OFF
button located inside
the glove box.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should always
leave the system on. But you can turn the traction control
system off if you ever need to. You should turn the
system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud or
snow and rocking the vehicle is required. See “Rocking
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
The TRACTION OFF message will display on the
Driver Information Center. If the system is limiting
wheel spin when you press the button, the TRACTION
OFF message will display -- but the system won’t
turn off right away. It will wait until there’s no longer a
current need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The TRACTION READY message
should display briefly on the Driver Information Center.
4-10
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer
but it will take much more effort.
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist Steering
This system continuously adjusts the effort you feel
when steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned
on the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject
to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of your tires and the road surface,
the angle at which the curve is banked, and your
speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one
factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. Refer to “Traction Control
System” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want
it to go, and slow down.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” in
the Index.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
4-11
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your
front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed.
Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly
pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from
between parked cars and stops right in front of you.
You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you can
stop in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left
or right depending on the space available.
4-12
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
and to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid line on your side of the lane or a double
solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
4-13
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want
to pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you’re following
a larger vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate
space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have
a “running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-14
D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the following
driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a
little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot
off the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
If your traction control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing
your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” in
the Index.
4-15
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving
to these conditions. It is important to slow down
on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be
longer and vehicle control more limited.
Driving at Night
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-16
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your headlamps can light up only so much
road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even
several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark.
When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and aren’t
even aware of it.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and
be cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving.
The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes
are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-18
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank
filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
to separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-19
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or standing water, water can come in through
your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that
is slightly lower than the underbody of your
vehicle. If you can’t avoid deep puddles or
standing water, drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants could
drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs, and
otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See “Tires” in the Index.
4-20
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that
have not cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out
for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention
to traffic signals.
4-21
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
4-22
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a
day’s work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and
shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated
to the recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-23
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with the
same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road,
the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind against
the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it happen
to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less
than a second, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated,
with a comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors
and your instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness on
the highway as an emergency.
4-24
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can
make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
CAUTION:
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let your engine
assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
D
D
D
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing
or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-25
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-26
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need
to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed,
blowing or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves
your ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery
road. Even though your vehicle has a traction control
system, you’ll want to slow down and adjust your
driving to the road conditions. See “Traction Control
System” in the Index.
4-27
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Even though you have the anti-lock braking system,
you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than you would
on dry pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.
On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may
appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach:
around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under
bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or an
overpass may remain icy when the surrounding
roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead
of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to
brake while you’re actually on the ice, and avoid
sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-28
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly.
This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it
keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-charged
battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling
later on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for
a while.
4-29
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle -- such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and
“dolly towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels
on the ground and two wheels up on a device known
as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
4-30
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
D What’s the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
D How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
D Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
D Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll
want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be
towed. See “Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in
the Index.
Dinghy Towing
Dolly Towing
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
you should use a dolly. See“Dolly Towing” later in this
section for more information.
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow your
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position.
5. Release the parking brake.
4-31
Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
options not installed in the factory.
4-32
The other label is the Certification label, found on
the rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the
gross weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the
front or rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in your trunk.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the
life of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as far forward as
you can. Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as
the load changes. It’s automatic -- you don’t need to
adjust anything.
4-33
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-34
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with
the proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h),
to save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg).
This is the total maximum weight, including the load.
But even that can be too heavy.
The maximum trailer weight for your vehicle can be
determined from the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight
(GCVW). The GCVW = curb weight + passenger’s
weight + cargo weight + trailer weight. The GCVW
should never weigh more than 5, 900 lbs. (2 679 kg)
total loaded vehicle and trailer.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig.
For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
4-35
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
4-36
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A)
should weigh 10-15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended
for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you
do, then be sure to seal the holes later when you
remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get
into your vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the
Index. Dirt and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Because you have anti-lock brakes, don’t try to tap
into your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do,
both brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to
get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
of handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you
are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
4-37
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving
and then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
Backing Up
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Making Turns
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require heavy
braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good
deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
4-38
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
if possible, have someone guide you.
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with
the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged.
Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with
a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
Driving On Grades
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift
into PARK (P).
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much
that they would get hot and no longer work well.
2. Have someone place chocks behind the trailer wheels.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) or less to reduce
the possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply your parking brake.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-39
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D start your engine,
D shift into a gear, and
D make sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering,
it’s a good idea to review this information before you
start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
4-40
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-4
5-4
5-11
5-11
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-14
5-20
5-21
5-31
5-32
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning flasher button is located on the right
side of the steering column, near the ignition switch.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
Press the button to make your front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off.
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will flash,
indicating that the hazard
warning flashers are on.
Pull out on the collar to turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
5-3
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
5-4
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or
jump start the battery if the hydrometer looks
clear or light yellow. Replace the battery when
there is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and
a cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL
before setting the parking brake.
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off the radio and all lamps that aren’t
needed. This will avoid sparks and help save both
batteries. And it could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+) and
negative (-) terminal locations on the other vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump starting
terminal and a remote negative (-) jump starting
terminal. You should always use these remote
terminals instead of the terminals on the battery.
5-5
The remote positive (+)
terminal is located in the
engine compartment on
the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. Lift the red plastic
cap to access the terminal.
The remote negative (-) terminal is located near
the power steering fluid reservoir. It is marked
“GND (-).” See “Engine Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more information on location.
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5-6
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal location of the vehicle with the dead battery.
Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to the negative (-) or
you will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts, too. And don’t connect the
negative (-) cable to negative (-) terminal on the
dead battery because this can cause sparks.
5-7
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal location of the
vehicle with the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the
black negative (-) cable
to the negative (-)
terminal location of the
vehicle with the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (-) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end of the cable touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the negative (-)
cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
5-8
9. Connect the other
end of the negative (-)
cable to the remote
negative (-) terminal
marked “GND (-)” on
the vehicle with the
dead battery.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and
run the engine for awhile.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
NOTICE:
Damage to your vehicle may result from
electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take
care that the cables don’t touch each other or
any other metal period. The repairs wouldn’t
be covered by your warranty.
5-9
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable the vehicle
that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (-) Terminals
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (-) Terminal (GND)
5-10
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to
its original position.
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service
if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed.
See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index. If you
want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle for
recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find an ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE
ENGINE message or an ENGINE OVERHEATED,
STOP ENGINE message on the Driver Information
Center (DIC). You will also hear a chime. There is also
an engine temperature warning light and/or gage on the
instrument panel. See “Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light” or “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage”
in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the message
ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE is displayed,
an overheat protection mode which alternates firing
groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
In this mode, you will notice a loss in power and engine
performance. This operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency; you may
drive up to 50 miles (80 km). Driving extended miles
(km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat protection
mode should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset
the oil life system. See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
5-11
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle
until the engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-12
NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant message,
can indicate a serious problem. See “Low Coolant
Message” in the Index.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant message, but see or hear no steam, the problem
may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get
a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
2. Set the temperature control to the highest heat
setting and open the windows, as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( )
or THIRD (3).
B
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have
the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out
of the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously
in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-13
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Fans
5-14
A low coolant level should be indicated by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it is, you may have a leak at the pressure cap
or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on,
check to see if the electric engine cooling fans are
running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should
be running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
5-15
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at the proper level (2.5 inches
(6.4 cm) below the base of the fill neck), add a 50/50
mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOLR
coolant at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is cool before you do it. See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for more information.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant
as follows:
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly.
They are under pressure, and if you turn
the coolant surge tank pressure cap -- even
a little -- they can come out at high speed.
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-16
CAUTION: (Continued)
Never turn the cap when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is hot. Wait for the cooling system and coolant
surge tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So use the recommended coolant.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-17
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. You can remove
the coolant surge tank pressure cap when the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly counterclockwise (left) until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
A hiss means there is still some pressure left.
5-18
2. Then keep turning the cap, but now push down as
you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the base of the filler neck.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can feel
the upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for
the engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower,
add more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge
tank until the level reaches about 2.5 inches (6.4 cm)
below the base of the filler neck.
5-19
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are
a few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the arrow on
the pressure cap lines up like this.
Start the engine and allow it to warm up. If the CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper fill
level. If a CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message does
appear, repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the pressure cap
or see your dealer.
5-20
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in
a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-21
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk. Pull the
carpeting from the floor of the trunk. Turn the
retainer (center dial) on the compact spare tire cover
counterclockwise to remove it. Lift and remove the
cover. (See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index for
more information about the compact spare.)
5-22
Lift up the compact spare tire to remove it from the trunk.
Turn the nut holding the jack and wheel wrench
counterclockwise and remove it. Then remove the
jack and wrench.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
5-23
Removing the Wheel Cover
There is a center wheel cover on the aluminum wheel.
Using the flat end of the wheel wrench, gently pry the
wheel cover off. Be careful not to scratch the aluminum
wheel edge and don’t try to remove it with your hands.
5-24
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
2. Find the jacking location from the diagram above
and corresponding cutouts in the plastic molding.
CAUTION:
3. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack. Turn the wheel
wrench counterclockwise to lower the jack lift head
until the jack fits under the vehicle.
4. Position the jack under the vehicle and raise the jack
lift head until it fits firmly into the notch in the
vehicle’s frame nearest the flat tire.
5. Put the compact spare tire near you.
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
5-25
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so that the flat tire can be removed
and the compact spare tire will fit on the wheel
mounting surface.
7. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-26
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
10. Reinstall the wheel nuts
with the rounded end
of the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
9. Place the spare on the
wheel-mounting surface.
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-27
12. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
5-28
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk
until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the
compact spare.
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
Secure the tire with the retainer that was used to hold
the compact spare in place. Store the cover as far
forward as possible.
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Put the
flat tire in the trunk so the side that faces out when it is
on the vehicle is facing down. The full-size tire will not
fit down into the well.
5-29
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
The compact spare is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as
soon as you can. See the storage instructions label to
replace your compact spare into your trunk properly.
5-30
A. Jack
B. Wheel Wrench
C. Spare Tire Cover
D. Retainer
E. Compact Spare Tire
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
spare is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains
on your compact spare.
5-31
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-32
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. See “Traction Control
System” in the Index. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will
cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-9
6-9
6-12
6-17
6-20
6-24
6-29
6-30
6-33
6-34
6-40
6-41
6-50
6-50
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
6-
6-52
6-52
6-53
6-53
6-53
6-55
6-55
6-55
6-56
6-56
6-57
6-58
6-59
6-68
6-68
6-69
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning the Outside of the Windshield and
Wiper Blades
Weatherstrips
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels (If Equipped)
Cleaning Tires
Sheet Metal Damage
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
87 or higher. However, for best performance and for
trailer towing, you may wish to use middle grade or
premium unleaded gasoline. If the octane is less than 87,
you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive.
If it is bad enough, it can damage your engine.
6-3
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association for
better vehicle performance and engine protection.
Gasolines meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasolines.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the
Index) and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the fuel pump.
Additives
Canada Only
6-4
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark
plugs and the performance of the emission control
system may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized GM dealer for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available
in your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly
if they comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your
fuel system and also damage plastic and rubber
parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under
your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact
a major oil company that does business in the country
where you’ll be driving.
6-5
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
6-6
The fuel door release is
located above the radio
on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) and on
the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
These buttons work only when the shift lever is in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and the VALET lockout
switch is in OFF.
An alternate fuel door
release is located inside
of the trunk on the driver’s
side. Pull it to release the
fuel door.
While refueling, hang the fuel cap by the tether from
the hook on the filler door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
6-7
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot
weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for
any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap
all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
6-8
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
The CHECK GAS CAP message will come on if the
fuel cap is not properly reinstalled.
NOTICE:
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the
right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp
to light and may damage your fuel tank and
emissions system. See “Malfunction Indicator
Lamp” in the Index.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed
or on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
6-9
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the lever inside
the vehicle to open the
hood. It is located on
the lower left side of
the instrument panel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release, which is located under the
front edge of the grille.
3. Lift up on the release lever as you raise the hood.
6-10
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, you’ll see the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
Battery
Engine Coolant Surge Tank
Power Steering Fluid
Engine Oil Fill Location
E. Engine Oil Dipstick
F. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir
G. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid
Fill Location
H. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
I. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
6-11
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
Underhood Lamp
Turn the parking lamps on to operate the underhood
lamp. The underhood lamp will come on when the hood
is opened.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is
located behind the radiator
on the driver’s side of
the vehicle. For more
information on location,
see “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index.
The yellow handle says
ENGINE OIL on it.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears on the
instrument cluster, it means you need to check your
engine oil level right away. For more information,
see “Check Message, Oil Level” in the Index.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
You should check your engine oil level regularly;
this is an added reminder.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
6-12
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the upper
mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
The engine oil fill cap is
located behind the radiator
on the passenger’s side
of the vehicle. For more
information on location,
see “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index.
Turn the cap counterclockwise to remove it.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-13
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
If you have your oil
changed for you, be sure
the oil put into your engine
is American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-14
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is best for
your vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s
going to be 0 F (-18 C) or above. These numbers on
an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not
use other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline
Engines starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage
not covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System )
t
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based
on engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not
on mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage
at which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message in
the Driver Information Center (DIC) will come on.
Change your oil as soon as possible within the next
two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if you
are driving under the best conditions, the oil life system
may not indicate that an oil change is necessary for
over a year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. It is also important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
6-15
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
The message will remain off until the next oil change
is needed. The percentage of oil life remaining may be
checked at any time by pressing the SKIP INFO button
several times until the OIL LIFE LEFT message appears.
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL Message
For more information on the Oil Life feature,
see “Oil Life Indicator” in the Index.
t
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate
when the next oil change is required. If a situation
occurs where you change your oil prior to a CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message in the Driver Information
Center (DIC) being turned on, reset the system.
Use the following steps to reset the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL message:
1. After the oil has been changed, display the OIL
LIFE LEFT message by pressing the SKIP INFO
button repeatedly.
2. Then press and hold the NO INFO RESET button
until the display shows 100% ENGINE OIL LIFE.
This resets the oil life index.
6-16
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand
cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking
it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer,
a service station or a local recycling center for help.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Be sure the engine has cooled before following these
steps to replace the engine air cleaner/filter:
1. Loosen the air duct
clamp, which is
located at the mass
airflow sensor end of
the air duct.
2. Disconnect the air duct from the mass airflow sensor.
The engine air cleaner/filter is located next to the
windshield washer fluid reservoir in the engine
compartment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
For more information on location, see “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index.
6-17
3. Unhook both engine air cleaner/filter cover
latches. One latch is located near the radiator
hose (not shown) and the other latch is located
next to the mass airflow sensor.
4. Pivot the air cleaner and air duct assembly toward
the front of the vehicle. Remove the cover.
6-18
5. Take out the engine air cleaner/filter and remove any
loose debris that may be found in the base.
6. Install a new engine air cleaner/filter element.
See “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts”
in the Index.
Follow these steps to reinstall the engine air
cleaner/filter assembly:
1. Slide the lid into the slots in the front edge of
the base.
2. Pivot the cover and the air duct assembly
downward. Make sure that both latches are
secure and fully engaged.
3. Reinstall the clean air duct over the mass airflow
sensor. Make sure that the duct is secure around
the entire outer edge of the sensor.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
4. Tighten the air duct clamp.
5. Reconnect the mass airflow sensor.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
6-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult,
you may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one
or more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require change
until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID appears
on the Driver Information Center.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-20
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transaxle to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading
if you check your transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
D When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
D At high speed for quite a while.
D In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
D While pulling a trailer.
Checking the Fluid Level
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about
15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are
above 50_F (10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C),
you may have to drive longer.
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
6-21
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
1. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter assembly
by lifting it out, after unhooking the latches
securing it. Find the transaxle fluid cap and
turn it counterclockwise to remove it. Pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds
and then pull it back out again.
The transaxle fluid cap is located next to the radiator
hose and below the engine air cleaner/filter assembly
in the engine compartment on the driver’s side of
the vehicle. For more information on location,
see “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index.
6-22
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read
the lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way and turn
the handle clockwise. Reinstall the engine air
cleaner/filter assembly.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at
the dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
NOTICE:
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level
as described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained,
push the dipstick back in all the way and turn
the handle clockwise.
How to Reset Transaxle Fluid
Change Indicator
Your vehicle is equipped with a transaxle fluid change
indicator. A CHANGE TRANS FLUID message will
display on the Driver Information Center (DIC) when
the powertrain computer determines that the transaxle
fluid needs to be changed or at each 100,000 miles
(160 000 km) interval, whichever occurs first. When this
message appears, change the transaxle fluid and reset
the transaxle fluid life indicator as follows:
1. Turn the ignition on but do not start the engine.
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRONR-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
2. Press and hold the OFF and rear defog buttons
on the climate control system at the same time
until the TRANS FLUID RESET message appears
on the DIC.
6-23
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or
150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever occurs first,
if you add only DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
6-24
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added
to the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t
damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
6-25
Checking Coolant
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even
a little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your engine
is cold, the coolant level should be at the full cold mark,
which is 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) below the base of the fill neck.
Use a flashlight as necessary to see into the tank.
The surge tank is located next to the engine block on
the passenger’s side of the vehicle. For more information
on location, see “Engine Compartment Overview” in
the Index.
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message appears
on the Driver Information Center (DIC), you will need
to add coolant.
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message comes on
and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
For more information, see “Check Message,
Coolant Level” in the Index.
6-26
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
The surge tank pressure cap is located on the surge tank
in the engine compartment on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for more information on location.
NOTICE:
The surge tank cap is a 18 psi (124 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure to the arrow on the
cap lines up with the overflow hose.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure the arrow
lines up with the tube.
6-27
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir and dipstick
are located next to the
coolant surge tank on
the passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the
level up to the mark.
What to Use
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and
repaired. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for reservoir location.
6-28
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for reservoir location.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
Adding Washer Fluid
The CHECK WASHER FLUID message will be
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
when the fluid is low.
The windshield washer
fluid reservoir is located
next to the engine air
cleaner/filter on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid
tank and other parts of the washer
system. Also, water doesn’t clean as well
as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the tank is full.
6-29
Brakes
Brake Fluid
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak means
that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or
won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s side
of the engine compartment. It is filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level
in the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that
fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
6-30
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
If the ignition is in RUN and the brake fluid is low,
the CHECK BRAKE FLUID LEVEL message will be
displayed in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
D
brake system parts. For example, just a
few drops of mineral-based oil, such as
engine oil, in your brake system can
damage brake system parts so badly that
they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t let
someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
6-31
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come
and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a
brake squeal when the brakes are first applied or
lightly applied. This does not mean something is
wrong with your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel
nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this
manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance Inspections.”
6-32
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex.
Its many parts have to be of top quality and work
well together if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested with
top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace parts of
your braking system -- for example, when your brake
linings wear down and you need new ones put in -- be
sure you get new approved GM replacement parts.
If you don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that
are wrong for your vehicle, the balance between your
front and rear brakes can change -- for the worse.
The braking performance you’ve come to expect can
change in many other ways if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco
battery. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for battery location.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
6-33
Vehicle Storage
Bulb Replacement
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
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For the proper type of replacement bulb,
see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside
and can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.
You or others could be injured. Be sure to read
and follow the instructions on the bulb package.
Headlamps
1. To access the headlamps, turn the lock tabs in
the direction of the arrows as shown on the
headlamp cover.
3. Reach behind the lamp assembly and turn the
headlamp housing socket counterclockwise to
unlock the socket from the lamp housing.
2. Lift off the cover.
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4. Remove the headlamp housing socket.
5. After removing the wiring harness from the
headlamp housing socket, reinstall a new bulb
in the socket. Reconnect it to the wiring harness
and reinstall the headlamp housing socket into the
headlamp assembly.
6. Reinstall the headlamp assembly by reversing
Steps 1 and 2.
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Front Turn Signal Lamps
1. The turn signal lamps are located on the outboard
side of the headlamps. To access them, turn the lock
tabs on the headlamp cover in the direction of the
arrows and then lift off the cover. (See Steps 1 and 2
under “Headlamps” listed previously.)
3. Remove the turn signal lamp housing socket and
replace the bulb.
4. Reverse Steps 1 through 2 to reinstall.
2. Turn the housing socket counterclockwise to unlock
the socket from the lamp housing.
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Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL)
3. Replace the bulb.
1. Lift the trim cover to remove.
2. Twist the socket counterclockwise and remove the
socket and bulb from the housing.
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4. Reverse the steps to reinstall the stoplamp assembly.
Rear Turn Signal Lamps and Taillamps
1. Open the trunk to gain access to the lamp housing.
5. Press the bulb housing lever and turn the housing
counterclockwise to remove it. To remove the bulb,
push and turn it counterclockwise.
2. Remove the convenience net and pull the trim away
to access the wing nuts.
6. Once you have replaced the burned-out bulb,
reverse the steps to reinstall the lamp assembly.
3. Remove the two wing nuts.
4. Gently remove the lamp housing.
6-39
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index for more information.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index.
To replace the wiper blade assembly:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY and turn the
wipers on. Position the wipers on the windshield in
the “mid” wipe position. Then with the door open,
turn the key to OFF.
2. Insert a screwdriver into the slot as shown and press
down to release the wiper blade assembly.
3. Align the wiper arm pin with the hole on the wiper
blade assembly and snap it into place to install.
6-40
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your Cadillac Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
D Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
D Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if your
tires have been damaged, replace them.
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment for higher
speed driving.
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Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is located
on the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at
least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
If you’ll be driving at high speeds (e.g., speeds of
100 mph (160 km/h) or higher), where it is legal,
set the cold inflation pressure to the maximum inflation
pressure shown on the tire sidewall, or to 38 psi
(265 kPa), whichever is lower. See the example below.
When you end this high-speed driving, return to the
cold inflation pressure shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label.
Example:
You’ll find maximum load and inflation pressure
molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near the
rim flange. It will read something like this: Maximum
load 690 kg (1521 lbs.) @ 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure
for high-speed driving at 38 psi (265 kPa).
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NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Check your tires once a month or more.
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and “Wheel
Replacement” later in this section for more information.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more uniform
wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation is the
most important. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
in the Index for scheduled rotation intervals.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
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Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when
it’s time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become
loose after a time. The wheel could come off
and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off. See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
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You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need,
look at the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are
designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed
rating, traction, ride and other things during normal
service on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season
tread design, the TPC number will be followed by an
“MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having
a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may
not handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
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Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of
tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
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Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have
poor traction performance. Warning: The traction
grade assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead
braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature -- A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
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Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use
the correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
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NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause a crash. If you have to replace a wheel,
use a new GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P235/60R16 size tires, don’t
use tire chains, there’s not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause damage
to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle parts.
The area damaged by the tire chains could
cause you to lose control of your vehicle and
you or others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the front tires.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has a tire size other than
235/60R16 size tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use only SAE
Class “S” type chains that are the proper size
for your tires. Install them on the front tires and
tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can
hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop
and retighten them. If the contact continues,
slow down until it stops. Driving too fast or
spinning the wheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
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Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D Gasoline
D Benzene
D Naphtha
D Carbon Tetrachloride
D Acetone
D Paint Thinner
D Turpentine
D Lacquer Thinner
D Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
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Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if
stains are stubborn.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning,
clean the entire area immediately or it will set.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean
cloth and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer
for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
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Cleaning Wood Panels
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood
immediately with a clean cloth.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just
water and mild soap.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash,
they might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
6-52
NOTICE:
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because
they may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals
on the inside rear window, since they may have
to be scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners
are used on the inside of the rear window,
an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached
across the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax,
sap or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry
on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with
a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
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Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the
colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that
are non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
6-54
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing
on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels,
but avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car
wash that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes.
These brushes can also damage the surface of
these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
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Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
into the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are
not removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame,
floor pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
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Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
6-57
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the rear wall of the trunk on
the passenger’s side. It’s very helpful if you ever need
to order parts. On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through
the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
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D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring has an individual fuse which is
powered by a MaxiFuseR. An electrical overload will
cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to
remain off. If this happens, have the headlamp wiring
checked right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is powered by a MaxiFuseR.
If the motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wipers
will stop until the motor cools. If the overload is caused
by some electrical problem, be sure to have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
6-59
MaxiFuseR/Relay Center
The MaxiFuses and relays are located next to the engine
compartment fuse block on the driver’s side of the
vehicle. To access the compartment fuse block, remove
the shroud cover. If a MaxiFuse should blow, have your
vehicle serviced by your dealer immediately.
6-60
MaxiFuse
(8-Way)
Usage
BODY 1
Road Sensing Suspension (RSS)
Fuse (ETC Only), Convenience
Fuse, BATT Fuse, Antenna Fuse,
Passenger and Driver Seat Belt
Comfort Solenoids, Trunk and Fuel
Door Release Solenoids and Relays,
Door Lock/Unlock Relays, Damper
Relay (ETC Only), Parking Lamp
Relay, Right and Left Park Fuse
BODY 2
Defog Relay, Pull-Down Fuse,
Right and Left Heated Seat Fuses,
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Relay, Heated Mirror Fuse, Heated
Backlite Fuse, ELC Circuit Breaker
BODY 3
Controlled Power Relay, Controlled
Power Back-Up Relay, Cluster
Fuse, Passenger Zone Module
(PZM) Fuse, Radio Fuse, RAP
Relay, Trunk and Fuel Door Release
Relay, High-Beam Relay, Comfort
Fuse, AMP Fuse (Optional), Right
and Left Bose Relay (Optional)
MaxiFuse
(8-Way)
INADVERT
LAMPS
Usage
Inadvertent Power Relay, Interior
Lamps Fuse, Cigarette Lighter-1
Fuse, Courtesy Lamp Relay
Headlamps Fuse/Relay, High/Low
Beam Control Relay, Fog Lamp
Fuse, DRL Fuse, Hazard Fuse,
Mirror Fuse, Inadvertent Power
Relay, Right and Left High-Beam
Fuse, Right and Left Low-Beam
Fuse, Stoplamp Fuse, Fog Lamp
Relay, DRL Relay
MaxiFuse
(8-Way)
Usage
SPARE
Spare Fuse
AIR
AIR Pump
BATT 3
Steering Column Ignition Switch
BATT 2
Steering Column Ignition Switch
IGN 1
Front Ignition-1 Relay, Oxygen
Sensor 1 and 2 Fuse, Fuel Fuse,
Cruise Fuse, Fuel Pump Relay
BATT 1
Starter Relay and Solenoid,
Park/Reverse Fuse, Park Relay,
Powertrain Control Module
(PCM) Fuse, AC Compressor
Fuse and Relay, Fan Relays,
Reverse Relay
IGN 1
Rear Ignition-1 Relay, Wiper Fuse,
Relay Ignition-1 Fuse, Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint (SIR) Fuse,
Accessory Relay
WINDOWS
Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) Relay
BRAKES
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Brake Modulator
SEATS
Horn Relay, Driver and Passenger
Lumbar In/Out Relays, Driver and
Passenger Lumbar Up/Down Relays
COOL FANS
Cooling Fan Relays 1 and 3
6-61
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Power
Distribution
Block
Usage
DRL
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
HI/LO BEAM
High and Low-Beam Headlamps
HORN
Horn
FOG LPS
Fog Lamps
ACCESSORY
Accessories
HEAD LPS
Headlamps
Relays
INADVERT POWER RELAY
IGN 1 RELAY
STARTER RELAY
AIR RELAY
6-62
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new one of the
identical size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the underhood
fuse block and the rear compartment fuse block.
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located next to the engine
air cleaner/filter in the engine compartment on the
driver’s side of the vehicle. Lift the cover to gain access.
Fuse
Usage
SPARE
Spare Fuse
CNR LPS
Cornering Lamp Switch,
Right and Left Cornering Lamps
INT LPS
Trunk Lamp, Courtesy Lamps,
Front Vanity Lamps, Glove Box
Lamp, Garage Door Opener,
Courtesy Lamp Relay
6-63
Fuse
Usage
Fuse
Usage
CIG LTR1
Front and Rear Cigarette Lighters
MIRROR
SPARE
Spare Fuse
L HDLP LO
Left Low-Beam Headlamp
Inadvertent Power Relay, Left
Outside Rearview Mirror Switch,
ALDL, Memory Mirror Module,
Dimmer Switch, Cluster
R HDLP LO
Right Low-Beam Headlamp
DRL
L HDLP HI
Left High-Beam Headlamp
R HDLP HI
Right High-Beam Headlamp
Daytime Running Lamp (DRL)
Relay, Left and Right Low Beam
in DRL Mode
FOG
Fog Lamp Relay, Right and Left
Fog Lamps, Headlamp Switch
IGN 0 (ENG)
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
HDLPS
Headlamp Relay, High/Low-Beam
Control Relay, Right and Left
Low/High-Beam Fuses
HAZARD
Electronic Flasher Module,
Turn/Hazard Switch, Right and
Left Front Turn Lamps, Right and
Left Rear Turn Lamps, Cluster
STOP
Stoplamp Switch, Centered
High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL),
Turn Hazard Switch, ABS Controller,
Stepper Motor Cruise Control
6-64
CRANK
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
ABS
Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS)/Traction Control System
IGN-1
Rear Ignition-1 Relay, Front Fog
Lamp Relay, Controlled Power
Backup Relay, DRL Relay,
Canister Vent Solenoid
WIPERS
Accessory Relay, Wiper Switch
A/C COMP
AC Compressor Relay, Cooling Fan
Relays 1, 2, 3, Compressor Clutch
PCM (BAT)
PCM
Fuse
Usage
Fuse
Usage
PARK/REV
Reverse Relay, Right and Left
Back-Up Lamps, Electrochromic
Mirror (in Header), Park Relay,
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock
Control (BTSI) Switch
Transaxle Shift Solenoids,
Air Meter, Canister Purge,
PCM, Front Ignition-1 Relay
INJ
Injectors 2, 3, 5, 8
FUEL PUMP
Fuel Pump Relay, Fuel Pump
OXY SEN1
Oxygen Sensor Front
OXY SEN2
Catalytic Converter (CAT)
Rear Oxygen Sensor,
Starter Enable Relay
PCM (IGN)
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
A/C COMP RELAY
DIS
Odd and Even Coil Packs
FUEL PUMP RELAY
CRUISE
Stepper Motor Cruise Control,
Low Refrigerant Pressure Cutoff
Switch, Park Relay
INJ
Injectors 1, 4, 6, 7
ECS
Relays
6-65
Rear Compartment Fuse Block
Fuse
Usage
The fuse block is located on the front wall of the trunk
(behind the rear seat) on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
Loosen the four trunk trim fasteners and pull the trim
away from the fuse block to gain access.
CONSOLE
Rear Zone Blower, Right and Left
Heated Seat Switches (Optional)
SPARE
Spare Fuse
SPARE
Spare Fuse
RSS
Road Sensing Suspension (RSS)
Module (ETC Only)
IGN 0-BODY
PRNDL, PZM, Cluster, Air Control
Module (ACM), Upper Zone
Motor, Lower Zone Motor
(Optional), HVAC Solenoids,
Climate Control Panel, Rear Defog
Relay, ELC Relay
COMFORT
CD Player, Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE), Controlled Power Relay,
Air Control Module (ACM), PZM
AMP (Optional)
Right and Left Bose Relay,
Right and Left Front Speakers
(On Door), Right and Left
Rear Speakers
PZM
Passenger Zone Module (PZM)
Fuse
Usage
RLY IGN1
Cluster, Cruise in Stalk, Passenger
Zone Module (PZM), Torque
Converter Clutch (TCC) Switch
SIR
Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM)
ELC
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Relay, ELC Height Sensor
TURN
Electronic Flasher,
Turn/Hazard Switch
6-66
Fuse
Usage
Fuse
Usage
RADIO/PHONE Radio Receiver, Radio Interface
Module (RIM) (Optional),
Phone, RAP Relay, Trunk Release
Relay, Fuel Door Release Relay,
High/Low-Beam Relay
CLUSTER
Steering Wheel Controls, Cluster
CONVENC
Trunk Release Relay, Trunk
Release Solenoid, Fuel Door
Release Relay, Fuel Filler Door
Release Solenoid, Door Lock
Relay, Left and Right Door Motors,
PZM, Door Unlock Relay
ACC
PZM, Electrochromic Mirror,
Rain Sensor (Optional),
Accessory Relay
BATT
HTD BACKLT
Rear Window Defogger
HTD MIR
Right and Left Outside
Heated Mirror
RSS
Driver and Passenger Seat
Lumbar Switch (Optional),
Driver and Passenger Seat Belt
Comfort Solenoid, Memory Seat
Module (Optional)
Road Sensing Suspension (RSS)
Module (ETC Only)
HTD SEAT R
Passenger Heated Seat
Relay (Optional)
RT PARK
HTD SEAT L
Driver Heated Seat
Relay (Optional)
Headlamp Switch, Right Front
Parking Lamp, Right Front
and Rear Sidemarker Lamps,
Right Turn/Stop/Tail Lamps
PULL DOWN
Trunk Pull-Down Motor
LT PARK
SPARE
Spare Fuse
ANTENNA
Power Mast Antenna
RSS
Damper Relay (ETC Only)
Left Front and Rear Sidemarker
Lamps, Left Front Parking Lamp,
Left Turn/Stop/Tail Lamps,
Right and Left License Lamps,
Underhood Lamp
6-67
Replacement Bulbs
For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.
Application
Number
Headlamps Composite
Inner High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Outer Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
Front Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157 NA
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) . . . . 1156
Rear Turn Signal and Taillamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule booklet for more information.
Engine Specifications
Displacement . . . . . . . . . 279 cubic inches (4 565 cc)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 L DOHC V8
VIN Engine Code
Eldorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y
ETC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
6-68
Torque
Eldorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 (lb-ft) @ 4000 rpm
407 (N·m) @ 4000 rpm
ETC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 (lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm
400 (N·m) @ 4400 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Capacities
Transaxle (4T80-E) . . . . . . . . . . 15.0 quarts (14.2 L)
Crankcase (Engine Oil with
Filter Change) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 quarts (7.1 L)
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . 12.5 quarts (11.8 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.0 U.S. gallons (71.9 L)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure
to fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant Capacity
If you do your own service work, you’ll need the proper
service manual. See “Doing Your Own Service Work” in
the Index for additional information. It is recommended
that service work on your air conditioning system be
performed by a qualified technician.
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant R-134a . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 lbs. (1.0 kg)
Use Refrigerant Oil, R134a Systems
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1096C*
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF-58*
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PT16EPR-C13*
(GM part 12561466)
Gap: 0.050 inches (1.3 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blade
(Pin Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 inches (56.5 cm)
AC DelcoR part number.
6-69
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-5
7-15
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Scheduled Maintenance
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
7-19
7-21
7-23
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?
The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or
your dealer for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in
this manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can be
dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can be
seriously injured. Do your own maintenance work
only if you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job. If you
have any doubt, have a qualified technician do
the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you
to record and keep track of the maintenance performed
on your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts.
They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information,
see “Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need
more frequent checks and replacements. So please
read the following and note how you drive. If you
have any questions on how to keep your vehicle in
good condition, see your dealer.
7-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle
uses these. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same
interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the
life of this vehicle.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that
the failure to perform this maintenance item will not
nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of the vehicle’s useful life.
We, however, urge that all recommended maintenance
services be performed at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by the
GM Oil Life System (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). Reset the system.
t
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based
on engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not
on mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage
at which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message in
the Driver Information Center (DIC) will come on.
7-6
Change your oil as soon as possible within the next
two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if you
are driving under the best conditions, the oil life system
may not indicate that an oil change is necessary for
over a year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the system
must be reset. It is also important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index
for information on resetting the system.
An Emission Control Service.
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle valve
and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as high performance operation.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require change until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID
appears on the Driver Information Center.
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle valve
and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-12
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle valve
and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as high performance operation.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require change until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID
appears on the Driver Information Center.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the
Index for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Least Once a Month
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant
to perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in
the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper
oil if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index
for further details.
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Clean power antenna mast. See “Audio Systems” in
the Index for further details.
Power Antenna Service
7-15
At Least Twice a Year
Automatic Transaxle Check
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See “Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index.
A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Check the
system and repair if needed.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Body Lubrication Service
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very
cold, damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
7-16
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate
all hinges and latches, including those for the hood,
rear compartment, interior glove box and console
doors. Part D tells you what to use. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposed to a
corrosive environment.
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn
off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately
if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
7-17
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged.
Make sure there is room in front of your
vehicle in case it begins to roll. Be ready to
apply the regular brake at once should the
vehicle begin to move.
7-18
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive
Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the
drive axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage.
Replace seals if necessary.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust”
in the Index.
7-19
Fuel System Inspection
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser.
To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the
cooling system and pressure cap is recommended at
least once a year.
7-20
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and
rotors for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. You may need to
have your brakes inspected more often if your driving
habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified
for Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol of the proper viscosity.
To determine the preferred
viscosity for your vehicle’s engine,
see “Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and use only
GM GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR
or HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant”
in the Index.
USAGE
Hydraulic
Brake System
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
GM OptikleenR Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power
Steering System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
7-21
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Hood and
Door Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. 12345579
or equivalent).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
7-22
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-23
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Cadillac if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
8-8
8-8
8-10
8-10
8-11
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be resolved
by the dealership without further help, contact the Cadillac
Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by calling
1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of
all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction,
the following steps should be taken:
8-2
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your
dealer are committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new vehicle. However,
if you continue to remain unsatisfied after following
the procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you
should file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to
enforce any additional rights you may have. Canadian
owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age, mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
8-3
Customer Assistance Offices
Canada
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to Cadillac, the letter should be addressed to
Cadillac’s Customer Assistance Center.
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
United States
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
8-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
When calling from outside Canada, please dial
1-905-644-3063. All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
Roadside Service
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, where available, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
Each technician travels with a specially equipped service
vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac parts and
tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Servicer can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal charge
if the Cadillac is no longer under warranty. Roadside
Service is available only in the United States
and Canada.
8-5
Cadillac Owner Privilegest
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privilegest at “no charge,” throughout your 2002 Cadillac
Warranty Period -- 48 months/ 50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Trip Interruption -- If your trip is interrupted due
to a warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered are
hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a
participating Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership.
8-6
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside
Service Advisor will assist you and request the
following information:
D A description of the problem
D Name, home address, home telephone number
D Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
D The model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-888-889-2438 -- daily, 24 hours.
8-7
Courtesy Transportation
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are proud
to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
8-8
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem
is safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride
to a destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to warranty repairs,
your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum of $37.00 per
day supported by receipts. This requires that you sign and
complete a rental agreement and meet state, local and
rental vehicle provider requirements. Requirements vary
and may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc.
You are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of
the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each
new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
8-9
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-11
SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
Service Manuals
Owner’s Information
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the
Maintenance Schedule for all models.
Owner’s Manual
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case
Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments and specifications
for GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123 – Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-MasterCard-Discover)
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
8-12
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds.
Canadian residents are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.