Cadillac 1993 DeVille Service manual

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DEVILLE
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OWNER'S LCTERATURE
PENALTY O F
LEADERSHIP
CCad;llac M o t o r C a r
Co. Detmit. Mich.)
THIS TEXT APPEARED AS AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE SATURDAY EVENING POST 7 JANUARY ZND. IN THE YEAR 1915 1COPYRIGHT. CADILLAC MOTOR CAR DIVISION
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Few automobiles are fortunate enough to have the rich
heritage that is Cadillace The name Cadiflac is appropriately
that of Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac, the French military
commander who founded the city of Detroit in 1701. What
better name for the oldest automobile manufacturer in Detroit.
Henry M. Leland, known as the
Club of England awarded the pres-
master of precision, initiated his precision manufacturing techniques at
to Cadillac twice . . .
the founding of Cadillac
first in 1908 for achieving
in 1902. His exacting
perfect interchangeability
standards prompted the
of parts and again in 1912
motto by which Cadillac
for introducing the elec-
has been guided over the
tric self starter, electric
years - “Craftsmanship
lighting and ignition
A Creed - Accuracy A
system.
Law.”
The introduction of
the first four cylinder en-
Cadillac is the only
American manufacturer
winto
this honor
and
the
gine in 1905 ledtheindustryand
only manufacturer in the worldtowin
enabled Cadillacs to travel at speeds
it twice. As commonplace as stan-
up to 50 mph.
dardized parts are today,in 1908 parts
For attention to quality and innovation, the Royal Automobile
were still individually hand fitted
both in production and service.
-.
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Jtandardization opened the eyes of
the industrial world and was the corner-sone of modern
production. From this achievement
d
evolved the reference to Cadillac as
“Standard of the World:’
In 1909 Cadillac was purchased
by the then new General Motors
Corporation. Convenience, cleanliness and all-weather comfort were
greatly enhanced in 1910 when Cad-
45 O V-16 Engine
illac became the first manufacturer
service policy, security plate glass,
to offer closed bodies as standard
chrome plating and the first car to
equipment.
be designed by a stylist (1927 La-
“The Penalty of Leadership”
first appeared in the January 2, 1915
Salle/Harley Earl). The
’30s wit-
issue of The Saturdav Evening. Post
nessed production of the smooth and
quiet V12 and
as an expression of the Cadillac com-
The crisp, contemporary lines or the
mitment to leadership, quality, and
1938 60 Special series ushered in a
innovation. It is widely regarded as
new era in styling.
one of the finest documents ever
During World War 11, shortly
written and was published following
after Pearl Harbor, Cadillac discon-
the introduction of the first produc-
tinued car production for the first
tion V8 engine. The V8 was stan-
time since 1902 in order to construct
dard in all 1915 model Cadillacs.
light tanks, combat vehicles and
Many Cadillac “firsts” have fol-
internal parts for Allison V 1710 en-
lowed over the years, including the
gines. Two Cadillac V8 engines and
synchro-mech clashless transmis-
Hydra-Matic transmissions were
sion, a nation-wide comprehensive
used in each tank.
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For the 1948 model, Cadillac
introduced the
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stainless steel roof and low profile
tires.
which set the trend in automotive
and the modern overhead valve,
The Eldorado,I i n t r o d u c e d i n
1953, was redesigned for 1967 as the
first front wheel drive personal luxury car. The 472 cu. in. V8 engine
high compression V8 engine
used in all Cadillacs in 1968 and
styling for nearly two decades. This
was followed by the 1949 model with
the two door hardtop CoupeDeVille
veniences and styling dominated the
1969 was enlarged to 500 cu. in. for
all 1970 Eldorados.
'50s and '60s. Cruise control, auto-
An Air Cushion Restraint Sys-
Engineering innovations, con-
matic climate control,
tilt and
telescoping steering wheels, twilight
sentinel and four door hard tops all
tem (airbag) was available for 1974,
1975 and 1976 Cadillacs.
Analog Electronic Fuel Injec-
debuted in these years. In 1957 the
tion was available, on 1975 Cadillacs
Eldorado Brougham featured ad-
and was standard on the new inter-
vances such as air suspension, mem-
national size1976 Seville. In 1978,
ory seat, automatic electric door
the Trip Computer option incor-
locks, transistor radio, a brushed
porated an on-board microprocessor.
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"
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A 1993 Cadillac AllantC in stock
technical configuration, was selected
as the pace car for the 76th Indianapolis 500. The demanding pace car
performance and handling requirements were met because
of such
advanced systems as the 32 valve,
dual overhead camshaft, Northstar
This rich tradition continues
into the '90s as Cadillac became the
first automobile manufacturer to be
awarded the prestigious
Malcolm
Baldrige National Quality Award.
4.6 liter V8 engine, 4t80 E electronically controlled automatic transaxle,
road sensing suspension, speed sensitive steering, anrilock brakes and
traction control.
The 1992 Seville STS is the first
car ever to win all three major automotive awards: Car of the Year,
Motor Trend; Ten Best List, Car &
Driver; Car of the Year, Automobile
Magazine.
For more than nine decades
Cadillac has been a leader in quality
and technical innovation. Now more
than ever, substance takes shape
f
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1931 CADILLAC V-12
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This Cadillac Manual is divided into major sections.
- Introduction - How to use this Manual
..................... 1m
This section tells you how to use your Manual and includes
Safety and Vehicle Damage Warnings and Symbols
Section 1 - Seats and Safety Belts
.........................
‘
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety
belts properly.
Section 2 - Features and Controls
........................ 58
This section explains how to start and operate your Cadillac.
Section 3 = Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
.......... 137
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and
comfort controls and how to operateyour Sound System.
Section 4 - Your Driving and the Road
................... 166
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the
road and how to drive under differentconditions.
Section 5 - Problems on the Road
.......................
224
This section tells you what to doif you have a problem
while driving,such as a flat tire,or engine overheating.
Section 6 - Service and Appearance Care
................. 260
Here themanual tells you how to keepyour Cadillac
running properly and looking good.
For more information on “Reporting Safety Defects”,
see Owner
Assistance, Page 6.
Second Edition
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THE 1993 DE VILLE LITERATURE
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Please keep this literature in your Cadillac, so it will be thereif you ever
need it when you’reon theroad. If you sell the vehicle, please leavethis
book in it so the new owner can use it.
FOR CmmW O W E R S WHO PREFER A FRENCH
LANGUAGE MANU%!,:
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vousprocurer unexemplaire
de ce guide en franqais chez votre concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing
Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T lC7.
This literatureincludes the latest information at thetime it was printed.
We reserve the right to make changes in the product after that time
without furthernotice. For vehicles first sold inCanada, substitute the
name “General Motorsof Canada Limited’’ for Cadillac Motor Car
Division whenever it appears in this literature.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and theGM Emblem, CADILLAC, and the
CADILLAC Emblem are registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
0 Copyright General Motors Corporation 1992. All Rights Reserved.
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HOW TO USE THISMANUAL
Many people read theirowner’s manual from beginning to end when they
first receive their new vehicle. This will help you learn about the features
and controls foryour vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures and
words work together to explain things quickly.
INDEX A good place to look for what you need is the Index in back of
the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all that’s in the manual, and the
page number where you’ll find it.
SAFETY W M I N G S AND SylMBOLS
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. We use yellow and
the word CAUTION to tell you about things that could hurt you if you
were to ignore the warning.
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A CAUTION:
These mean thereis something that could hurt
you or other
people.
In the yellow caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell
you what to do tohelp avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these
cautions. If you don’t, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a red circle with a slash through it in this book. This
safety symbol means “Don’t,” “Don’t do this,” or “Don’t let thishappen.”
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Khicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these blue notices:
In theblue notice area,we tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Manytimes, this damage would not be covered by your
warranty, and it could be costly. But the noticewill tell you what to do to
help avoid the damage.
When you read othermanuals, you mightsee CAUTION and NOTICE
warnings in different colors or in different words. In this manual, we’ve
used the familiar words and colors that Cadillac has used for years.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use the same colors,
and the words CAUTION or NOTICE.
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Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols youwill find on your vehicle. For example,
these symbols are used on anoriginal battery:
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AVOID SPARKS
OR FLAMES
BATTERY
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CAUTION
POSSIBLE INJURY
PROTECT EYES
BY SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY ACID
COULD CAUSE BURNS
SPARK OR FLAME
EXPLODE
These symbols are important foryou and your passengers whenever your
vehicle is driven:
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DOOR LOCK UNLOCK
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FASTEN SEAT BELTS
3
POWER
WINDOW
These symbols have to do with your lights:
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MASTER LIGHTING
SWITCH
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HAZARD WARNING
FLASHER
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TURN SIGNALS
PARKING LIGHTS
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LIGHTS OR
HIGH BEAM
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FOG LAMPS
These symbols are on some of your controls:
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WINDSHIELD
WIPER & WASHER
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WINDSHIELD
WASHER
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
VENTILATING FAN
HEADLAMP
WASHER WIPER
.~
REAR WINDOW
DEFOGGER
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These symbols are used on warning and indicator lights:
BAlTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
ENGINE COOLANT
TEMPERATURE
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FUEL
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BRAKE
ENGINEOIL
PRESSURE
ENGINE OIL
TEMPERATURE
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ANTILOCK BRAKE
Here are some other symbols you may see:
mUE
RADIO VOLUME
RADIO SELECTOR
CONDITIONING
t
TRUNK HATCHBACK
RELEASE
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LIGHTER
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SPEAKER
SEATS AND SAFETY BELTS
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your Cadillac, your
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (“airbag”) system and how to use your
safety belts properly. You can also learn about some things youshould
not do with safety
belts.
SEATS AND SEAT CONTROLS
This section tells you about theseats -- how to adjust them, andalso
about reclining front seatbacks, seatback latches, and headrestraints.
Power Seat
The control is located on the front door arm rest.
The fronttilt switch makes the
front of the seat go up anddown.
0 The rear tilt switch makes the back
of the seatgo up and down.
0 Moving the center control switch
.. . ...
...
makes the whole seat go up and
,.
down or forward and rearward.
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Reclining Front Seawack(s)
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To adjust the seatback,
lift the lever on the
outer sideof the seat
and move the seatback
to where vouwantit.
Release &e lever to
lock the seatback. Pull
up on the lever and the
seat will go to an
upright position.
If you have a Touring Sedan, it works with a switch, here:
Move the switch forward to raise the seat back and rearward to recline
the seatback.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.
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A CAUTION:
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Sitting ina reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can
be dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts can't do
their job when you're reclined like this.
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The shoulder belt can't do its job because it won't be against
your body. Instead, it wilt be in front of you. Pn a crash you could
go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
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The lap belt can't do its jobeither. In a crash the belt could go
up over your abdomen. The belt forces would bethere, not at
= your pelvicabones. This could cause seriousinternal injuries.
For proper protectionwhen the vehicle is in motion, have the
seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat andwear your
safety belt p perly.
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Head Restraints
Slide the head
restraint UD or down so
that the to’p of the
restraint is closest to
the top of your ears.
This position reduces the chance of a neck injury in acrash
Front Seatback Latches (Two-Door Models)
The frontseatback folds forward to let peopleget into the back seat.
Your seatback will move backand forthfreely, unless youcome to a
sudden stop. Thenit will lock in place.
There’s one time the seatback may not fold without some help fromyou.
That’s if your vehicle is parked going down a fairlysteep hill.
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To fold a front seatback forward,
push the seatbacktoward the rearas
you lift this latch. Then theseatback will fold forward. The latch must be
down for the seatto work properly.
SAFETYBELTS: THEY’RE FOR EVERYONE
This part of the manual tells you how to use safetybelts properly. It also
tells you some things you should not do with safety belt. And it explains
the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint, or “air
bag” system.
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CAUTION:
Don% letanyone ride where they can’twear a safety belt
properly. If you are irr a crash and you’re not wearing a safety
belt, your injuries can be much worse. You c%nhit things inside
the vehicleor be ejected from it. You can be seriously inijared or
killed. In the same crash, you might not be ifyou are buckled
up. Always fasten your safety belt, and check that your
passenge--’ belts are fastened properly too.
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This figure lights up when you turn the key to “Run” or “Start”
when
your safety belt isn’t buckled, and you’ll hear a chime, too. It’s the
reminder to buckle up.
In many states and Canadianprovinces, the law saysto wear safety belts.
Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you don’t
know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are very mild.In them, you won’tget hurt even if you’re
not buckled up. And some crashes can be so serious, like being hit by a
train, that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes
are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and
sometimes walk away. Without belts they could be badly hurt or killed.
After 25 years of safety belts in vehicles,the facts are clear. In most
crashes buckling up does matter... a lot!
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why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.
For example, if the
bike is going 10 mph
(16 kmih), so is the
child.
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When the bikehits the
block, it stops. But the
child keeps going!
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ITake the simplest
"vehicle." Suppose it's
just a seat on wheels.
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Put someone on it.
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Get it up to speed.
Then stopthe
“vehicle.” The rider
doesn’t stop.
--
The person keeps
going until stopped
by something.
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In a real vehicle, it
could be the
windshield ...
or the instrument
panel ...
or thesafety belts!
With safety belts, you slow downas the vehicle does. You get moretime
to stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the
forces. That’s why safety belts make such good sense.
HERE ARE QUESTIONS “VYPEOPLE
ASKABOUT SAFETYBELTS ==ANDTHE
ANSWERS
Q: Won’tI be trapped in the vehicle afier an accidentifI’m wearing a safety
belt?
A:
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You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you
can easily unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and afteran accident, so you
can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if you are belted.
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: Why don’t theyjust put in air bags so people won’t have to wear safety
belts?
A:
‘Rir bags,” or Supplemental Inflatable Restraint systems, are in some
vehicles today and will be in more of them in the future.But they are
supplemental systems only -- so they work with safety belts, not
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instead of them. Every “air bag” system ever offered for sale has
required the use of safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has ‘‘
air bags,” you still have to buckle up toget the most protection.
That’s true notonly infrontal collisions, but especially in side and
other collisions.
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Q: If I’m a
good driver, and
I never drivefar @om home,why should I wear
safety belts?
A:
You may be anexcellent driver, but if you’re in an accident -- even
one thatisn’t your fault -- you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the
greatest number of serious injuries and deathsoccur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
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Safety Belt Reminder Light
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When the key is turned to “Run” or
“Start,” a light will come on for
about eight seconds to remind people to fasten theirsafety belts. Unless
the driver’s safety belt is buckled, a chime will also sound.
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HOW TO W E m SAFETYBELTS PROPEEY
Adults
This section is only for peopleof adult size.
A CAUTION:
There are special thingsto know about safety beltsand
children. And there are different rules for babies and smaller
children. If a child will be riding in your Cadillac, see the
section after this one, called ‘Thildren.’’
Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know whichrestraint systems your vehiclehas.
We’ll start with the driver position.
DRIVER POSITION
This section describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt.
Here’s how to wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to seehow, see “Seats”in the Index) so you can sit up
straight.
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3. Pick up the latch
plate and pull the
belt across you.
Don’t let it get
twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into thebuckle un,til it clicks.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender’’ at the endof
this section.
Make sure the releasebutton on the buckle faces upward or outward
so you would be able to unbuckle it quickly if you ever had to.
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The lap partof the beltshould be worn low and snug on thehips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to thestrong pelvic
bones. And you'd be less likelyto slide under the lapbelt. If you slid
under it, the belt
would apply force atyour abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder beltshould go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These partsof the body are best ableto
take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stopor crash.
Shoulder Belt TightnessAdjustment (Sedan De Ville)
Your Sedan De Ville has a shoulder belt tightness adjustment feature. If
the shoulder beltseems too tight, you can adjust it like this:
. Sit well back in the seat
2. Start pulling the
shoulder belt out.
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4. Let the belt go back all the way. You should hear a slight clicking
sound. If you don’t, the adjustment feature won’t set, andyou’ll have
to startagain.
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5. Now you can add
a small amount of
slack. Lean
forward slightly,
then sit back. If
you’ve added
more than 1inch
(25 mm) of slack,
pull the shoulder
belt out as you did
before and start
again.
If you move around in the vehicle enough, or if you pull out theshoulder
belt, thebelt will become tight again. If this happens, you can reset it.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
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A:
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The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly asmuch
protection this way.
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A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if
your shoulder beltis too loose.In a
crash you would move forward too much, which could
increase
injury. The shoulder belt should fit
against your body. Don’t
allow more than1 inch (25 mm) of slack in SedanDe Ville
models.
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- Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
I A CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the wrong
place like this. In a crash, thebelt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there, notat the pelvic
bones. This could cause seriousinternal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into thebuckle nearest you.
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Q: What’s wrong with this?
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A:
The shoulder belt is worn under thearm. It should be worn over the
shoulder atall times.
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A CAUTION:
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You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulderbelt under
your arm. In a crash, your body would move toofar forward,
which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also,
the belt would apply too much force to the ribs,which aren’t as
strong as shoulder bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
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- Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
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A CAUTION:
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The belt is twisted across the body.
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you
wouldn’t have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces.
If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can work properly, or
ask your dealer to Pix it.
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To unlatch the belt,
just push the button
on thebuckle. The
belt should go back
out of the way.
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IBefore you closethe door, be sure
the belt is out of the way. If you slam
the dooron it, you can damage both thebelt and your vehicle.
SUPPLEMENT& INFLATDLE
R E S T M N T SYSTEM (AIR BAG)
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This section explains the driver's Supplemental Inflatable Restraint(SIR)
system, commonlyreferred to as an air bag. Here are themost important
things to know:
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A CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the blink
of an eye.
If yoii’re too closeto an inflating air bag, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts helpkeep you in position for an airbag
inflation ina crash. Always wear your safety belt, even withan
air bag, and sit as
far back as you can while still maintaining
control of your vehicle,
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Air Bag System Light
There is an air bag readiness light on theinstrument panel, which shows
“Inflatable Restraint”.The system checks itself and the light tells you if
there is a problem.
You will see this light
flash for a few seconds
when you turn your
ignition to “Run” or
“Start.” Then thelight
should go out, which
means thesystem is
ready.
A
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness lightdoesn’t come on when you start
your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on when you are driving, your
air bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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How The Air Bag System Works
Where is the air bag?
The driver's air bag is in the middle of the steeringwheel.
When is an air bag expected to inflate?
The air bag is designedto inflate in moderate to severe frontalor
near-frontal crashes.The air bagwill only inflate if the velocity of the impact
is above the designed threshold level. When impacting straight into a wall
that does not moveor deform, the threshold level for most GM vehicles is
between 9 and 14 mph (14 and 23 km/h). However, this velocity threshold
depends on the vehicle design and may be several miles-per-hour fasteror
slower. In addition, this threshold velocitywill be considerably higherif the
vehicle strikes an object suchas a parked car which will move and deform
on impact. The air bag is also not designedto inflate in rollovers, side
impacts, or rear impacts wherethe inflation would provide no occupant
protection benefit.
In any particular crash, the determination of whether the air bag should
have inflated cannot be based solelyon thelevel of damage on the
vehicle(s). Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and the
vehicle's deceleration, of which vehicle damage is only one indication.
Repair cost is not a good indicator of whether an air bag should have
deployed.
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What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal impact of sufficient severity, sensors strategically located on
the vehicle detect that thevehicle is suddenly stopping as a result of a
crash. These sensors complete an electrical circuit, triggering a chemical
reaction of the sodium azide sealed in the inflator.The reaction produces
nitrogen gas, which inflates the clothbag. The inflator, cloth bag, and
- related hardware are all part of the air bag inflator module packed inside
the steering wheel.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steeringwheel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the forceof the
- impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping the
occupant more gradually. But air bags would not provide protection in
many types of collisions, including rollovers and rearand side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag. Air
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bags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplement to
safety belt protection in moderate tosevere frontal and near-frontal
collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflation?
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After the airbag has inflated, it will then quickly deflate. This occurs so
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quickly that some people may not even realize that the air bag inflated.
The air bag will not impede the driver’s visionor ability to steerthe
vehicle, nor will it hinder the occupants from exiting the vehicle. There
__ will be small amounts of smoke coming from vents in the deflated air bag.
Some componentsof the airbag module in the steeringwheel hub may
of the bag that comes into contact
be hot for a short time, but the portion
with you willnot be hot to thetouch. The nitrogen gas used to inflate the
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air bag will have vented into thepassenger compartment, and the bag will
be deflatedwithin seconds after the collision. Nitrogen makes up about
80% of the air we breathe and is not hazardous. As the nitrogen vents
- from the bag, small particles are also vented into the passenger
compartment.
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Don’t attach anything to thesteering wheel pad. It might
injure thedriver if the airbag inflates.
The air bag is designed to inflate only once. After it inflates,
you’ll need some new parts for your air bag system. Ifyou
don’t get them, the airbag system won’t be there to help
protect you in another crash. A new system will include the
air bag module and possibly other parts.The service manual
has information about theneed to replaceother parts.
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Let only qualified technicians work on yourair bag system.
Improper service can mean that your air bag system won’t
work properly. Seeyour dealerfor sewice.
Sewicing Your Cadillac with the Air Bag System
Please tell or remind anyone who works on your Cadillac that it has the
air bag system. There are partsof the airbag system inseveral places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to inflatewhile someone
is working on your vehicle. The air bagsystem does not need regular
maintenance. Your Cadillac dealer and the 1993 Cadillac Service Manual
have information about theair bag system, including repair or disposal.
A CAUTION:
For upto 2 minutes after the ignition key is turned off and the
battery disconnected, an air bag can still inflate during
improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an air
bag when it inflates. Be sure to follow the proper service
procedures.
When electrical work is done under the hood or inside your vehicle, the
ignition should be in “Lock” if possible.
c)
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Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape, or yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag system.
But if the ignition has to be on for
electrical work, or if the steering
column is to be disassembled, the air bag system must be disconnected.
To do this:
0 Turn off the ignition.
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0
Remove the SIR (airbag) fuse. (See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in
the Index.)
0
Disconnect the yellow connector at the base of the steering column.
When the work is complete, if the airbag system wasdisconnected, be
sure to reattach everything and replace the fuse before turning the
ignition on. When you turn the ignition key on, be sure you see the air
bag readiness light on the instrument panel.If you don’t see this light
flash and then go out as usual, have your air bag system repaired.
SAFETYBELT USE DUMNG PREGNANCY
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they don’t wear
safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be worn as low as possible throughout the pregnancy.
33
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The best way to protect thefett1s is to motect themother. Wh en a safety
belt is worn properly, it’s more likely that the fetuswon’t be hurt in a
crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safetybelts
effective is wearing them properly.
RIGHT FRONT PASSENGER POSITION
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s
safety belt. See“Driver Position,’’ earlier in this part.
When the lap portion of the belt is pulled out all the way, it will lock. If it
does, letit go back allthe way and start again.
If your vehicle has a center passenger position, be Be sure touse the
correct buckle when bucklingyour lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the
latch plate will not go fully into thebuckle, see if you are using the buckle
for the centerpassenger position.
34
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CENTER PASSENGER POSITION
__
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has front and rear bench seats, someone
can sit in the
center positions.
When you sit in a
center seating
position, you have a
lap safety belt, which
has no retractor. To
make the belt longer,
tilt the latch plate
and pull it along the
belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part
of a
lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at theend of this section.
Make sure the releasebutton on the buckle faces upward or outward so
you would be able to unbuckle it quickly if you ever had to.
REAR SEAT PASSENGERS
It’s veryimportant for rear seatpassengers to buckle up! Accident
statistics show that unbelted people in the rear seatare hurt more often
in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash. And they can strike othersin the vehicle whoare wearing
safety belts.
36
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Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to thewindows havelap-shoulder belts. Here’s how to
wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch
plate and pull the
belt across you.
Don’t let it get
twisted.
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2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
When the lap beltis pulled out all the way, it will lock. If it does, letit
go back all the way and start again. If the beltis not long enough, see
“Safety Belt Extender” at the end
of this section. Make sure the
release buttonon thebuckle faces upward or outward so you wouldbe
able to unbuckle it quicklyif you ever had to.
37
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The lap partof the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you’d be less likelyto slide under the lapbelt. If you slid
under it, the belt would applyforce atyour abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These partsof the body are best able to
take belt restrainingforces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
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A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose.In a
crash you would move forward too much, which could increase
injury.
jhoul- r beltshould fit against bucr
r,
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To unlatch the
belt, just push the
button on the
buckle.
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CHILDREN
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Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes infants andall
children smaller than adult size. In fact, thelaw in everystate and
Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while
in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
A CAUTION:
0
Smaller childrenand babies should always be restrained in a
child or infant restraint.
The instructionsfor the restraint will
say whether it isthe righttype and size for yourchild. A very
young child’s hip bones are so small that a regular belt might
not stay low on the hips, as it should. Instead, thebeltwill likely
be over the child’s abdomen..In 01 crash thebelt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could cause seriousor
fatal injuries. So, be sure thatany child smallenough for one is
always properly restrained ina child or infant restraint.
A CAUTION
Never hold ababy in your arms while riding ina vehicle. A baby
doesn’t weigh much-- until a crash. Duringa crash a baby will
become so heavy you can’t hold it.For example, in a crash at
only 25 mph (40 km/h), a l2-pound (5.5 kg)baby will suddenly
become a 240-pound (110 kg)force on your arms. The baby
would be almost impossible to hold.
CAUTION (Contin1
40
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CAUTION: (Continued)
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Secure the baby in an infal
traint.
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CHILD R E S T U N T S
Be sure tofollow the instructions for the restraint.
You may find these
instructions on the restraintitself or in a booklet, or both. These
restraints use the belt system inyour vehicle, but the child also has to be
secured within the restraintto help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions thatcome with the infant or child restraint will show you
how to do that.
where toPut the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrainedin
the rear rather than the front seat.
We at General Motors therefore
recommend that you put your child restraint in the rearseat unless the
child isan infantand you’re the only adult in the vehicle. In thatcase, you
might want to secure the restraintin the front seat where
you can keep an
eye on thebaby.
Wherever you install it, be sureto secure the child restraint properly.
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CAUTION:
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An unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or
sudden stop and injure peoplein the vehicle. Be sureto
properly secure any child restraint in your vehicle
-- even when
no child is in it.
.
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Top Strap
If your child restraint
has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
If you need to have an anchorinstalled, you can ask your Cadillac dealer
to put it in for you. If you want to install an anchoryourself, your dealer
can tell you how to do it.
Vehicles first sold in Canada have childrestraint anchor bracket hardware
in the glove box, along with instructions forinstalling it. This should be
used only with a child restraint, and only to secure a child restraint at the
center rear seating
position. Additional anchor brackets for child
restraints at oneor both of the rear outside seating
positions are available
at Cadillac dealerships in Canada.
43
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earliersection about the top
strap if the child restraint has one.
7
1. Put the restraint onthe seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
3. Pull out the vehicle’s safety belt and run the lap partthrough or
around the restraint.The child restraint instructions will show you
how.
See if the shoulder belt would go in front of the child’s face or neck. If
so, put it behind the child restraint.
44
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4. Buckle the belt.
Make surethe
release button
faces upward or
outward, so you'll
be able to
unbuckle it
quickly if you ever
need to.
45
6. To tighten the
belt, feed the lap
belt into the
retractor while
you push down on
the child restraint.
-.
7. Push and pull the
child restraint in
different
directions to be
sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and
let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for anadult or larger child passenger.
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Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat Position
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When you secure a child restraint in a center seatingposition, you’ll be
using the lap belt.
See the earliersection about the top strapif the child restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as
long as possible by
tilting the latch
plate and pulling
it along the belt.
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2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructionssay.
47
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint.The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
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5. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the
release button
faces upward or
outward, so you’ll
be able to
unbuckle it
quickly if you ever
need to.
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6. TOtighten the belt, pull its free end while you push down on the child
restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is
secure. If the child restraint isn’t secure, turn the latch plate over and
buckle it again. Then see if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint
in a different place in the vehicle and contact the child restraint maker
for their advice.
To remove the child restraint, justunbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It
will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
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Securing a Child Restraint in me Right Front Seat
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier secrlon aDout the top
strap if the child restraint hasone.
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1. Put the restraint onthe seat. Follow the instructions for thechild
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructionssay.
3. Pull out thevehicle’s safety belt and run the lap partthrough or
around the restraint.The child restraint instructionswill show you
how.
See if the shoulder beltwould go in front of the child’s face or neck. If
so, put it behind the child restraint.
49
4. Buckle the belt.
Make surethe release button faces upward or outward, so you’ll be
able tounbuckle it quickly if you ever need to.
5. Pull the rest of the
lap belt all the
way out of the
retractor to set
the lock.
6. To tighten the
belt, feed the lap
belt back into the
retractor while
you push down on
the child restraint.
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7. Push and pull the
child restraint in
different
directions to be
sure it is secure.
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To remove the child restraint, justunbuckle the vehicle's safetybelt and
let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and beready to work for an adult
or largerchild passenger.
51
Larger Children
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Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle’s
safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can
wear a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt
can provide.
Accident statistics show that children are saferif they are restrained in
the rear seat.But they need to use the safety belts properly.
52
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Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in a crash.
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Children who
aren’t buckled up
can strike other
people who are.
A CALJ ION:
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do this.
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Here two children are wearing the same belt. The beltcan’t
properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, thetwo children
canbecrushedtogether and seriously injured. A belt must be
ur -iby only one person at a time.
Q: What if a child is wearing a
lap-shoulderbelt, but thechild is so
small that theshoulder belt is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
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Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would havethe restraint thatbelts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still veryclose to thechild’s
face or neck, you might want to place the child in the center seat
position, the one thathas only a lapbelt.
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A CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that hasa lap-shoulder belt, but
the shoulder partis behind the child. If the child wears the belt
in thisway, in a crash the childmight slide under thebelt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the child’s abdomen.
T’ It <: dd cause serious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portionof the belt should be worn low
and snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt
force to thechild’s pelvicbones in a crash.
- SAFETYBELT EXTENDER
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If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten aroundyou, you should use it. The
automatic lap-shoulder belt has plenty of extra length built in, so it will
fasten around almost all people.
55
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten,your dealer will order you
an extender. It’s free. When you go in to order it, take
the heaviest coat
you will wear, so the extenderwill be long enough for you. The extender
will be just foryou, and just forthe seat in your vehiclethat you choose.
Don’t let someone else use it, and use it only for the seatit is made tofit.
To wear it, just attachit to theregular safety belt.
CHECKING YOUR R E S T M N T SYSTEMS
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latchplates, retractors,
anchorages and remindersystems are working properly. Look for any
loose parts ordamage. If you see anything that might keep a restraint
system from doing its job, have it repaired.
REPLACING SAFETYBELTSAFTER A
CRASH
If you’ve had acrash, do you need new belts?
After avery minor collision, nothing may be necessary. Butif the belts
were stretched, as they would beif worn during a moresevere crash, then
you need new belts.
If belts are cut ordamaged, replace them. Collision damage also may
mean you will have to have safetybelt parts, like the retractor, replaced
or anchoragelocations repaired -- even if the belt wasn’t being usedat
the time of the collision.
If your seat adjusterwon’t workafter acrash, the special part of the
safety belt that goes through the seatto the adjustermay need to be
replaced.
56
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Q: What’s wrong withthis?
A:
The belt is torn.
CAUTION:
Tom or frayed belts may not protectyou in a crash. They can
rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get a
new one right away.
57
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on
your Cadillac, and informationon starting, shifting and braking. Also
explained are theinstrument panel andthe warning systems that tell you
if everything is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
KEYS
A CAUTION
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Leaving young children in a vehicle with the ignitionkey is
&mgemus for many I T ~ S ~ R SA. child or others could be badly
injured or &en killed.
They could operate power windows or other controls or even
make the vehiclemove. If they turned the ignition to ‘‘ON’9and
moved the shifi lever out of 6rP”(Park), that would releasi the
parking brake. Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with young
children.
C a
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The square keys are
for theignition only.
The round keys are for
the doors and all other
locks.
I
When a new Cadillac
is delivered, the dealer
removes the plugs
from the keys, and
gives them to the first
owner.
~-
Each plug has a code on it that tells your dealer or a qualified locksmith
how to make extra keys. Keep the plugs in a safe place. If you lose your
keys, you'llbe ableto have new ones made easily using these plugs. If
your ignition keys don't have plugs, go to your Cadillac dealer for the
correct key code if you need a new ignition key.
DOOR LOCKS
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A CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
--
Passengers especially children -- can easily open the doors
and fall out.When a dooris locked, theinsidehandle won’t
open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked door when you
slow downor stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if the doors aren’tlocked.
Wear safety belts properly, lock your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
60
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There are several
ways to lock and unlock yourvehicle:
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If your vehiclehas a theft deterrentsystem and it is armed, unlock the
doors only with the key or Keyless Entry System. This will avoid setting
off the alarm.
From the inside: To
lock the door, slide the
lock lever down to the
1 “LOCK” position.
To unlock the door,
slide the lever up.
61
Power Door Locks
Push the lower part of the switch
marked “LOCK” to lock all the doors
at once. Push the upper partof the
switch to unlock all the doors.
I
On four-doormodels, the switch on each rear door locks all the doors. It
won’t unlock anyof the doors-- that’s a safety feature.
Automatic Door Locks
Just close your doors, turn onthe ignition. Every timeyou move your
shift lever out of “P” (Park) all of the doors will lock. And, every time you
stop and move your shift leverinto “P77(Park), your doors will unlock. If
someone needsto get outwhile you’renot in “P7’ (Park),have that person
use the manualor power lock.When the dooris closed again, it will not
lock automatically. Just use the manual or power lock to lock the door
again.
62
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Rear Door Security Lock
Your Cadillac is equipped with rear door security locks that helpprevent
passengers from opening the rear doorsof your car from the inside. To
_use one of these locks:
1. Move the lever on
r:
the door all the way
down.
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SET LEVER O N
OTHER REAR
DOOR ALSO.
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2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing to the otherrear door lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be openedfrom inside when this
feature is in use. If you want to open a rear door
when the security lock is
on:
-
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the doorfrom the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adultsor olaerchildren who
ride in the rear won’t be able to open the rear doorfrom the inside. You
should let adultsand older children know how these security locks work,
and how to cancel the locks.
To cancel the rear doorlock:
1. Unlock the doorfrom the inside and open the doorfrom the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way up.
3. Do the same forthe other rear door.
The rear door
locks will nowwork normally.
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Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your door and set the
locks from inside. Then get out and close the door.
If your vehicle has a theft deterrentsystem, see “Theft Deterrent”in the
Index.
Central Door Unlocking System
You can unlock all yourdoors from eitherdoor by holding the key in the
unlock position for afew seconds.
-
You can also unlock
your doors from the
trunk by pushing this
button.
I
If your Cadillac has the Security Packageoption, you willnot beable to
unlock your doors from the trunk.
Illuminated Entry System (Option)
When you push the door handle button,you’ll get a light around the door
lock cylinder.
You’ll be able to seewhere to put the doorkey when it’sdark.
And the lights inside your Cadillac will go on. They’ll go off when you
start your engine, or when 20 seconds have passed.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM (OPTION)
If your Cadillac has this option, you can lock and unlock your doors or
unlock your trunk from up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain
transmitter suppliedwith your vehicle.
Your Keyless Entry System operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to thefollowing two conditions: (1)This device may not causeharmful
interference, and ( 2 ) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference thatmay cause undesired operation.
Should interference to this system occur, try this:
0 Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary. See the
instructions on battery replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too farfrom your vehicle. This
product has a maximum range.
0
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the
signal.
See your Cadillac dealer or a qualified technician for service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than anauthorized
service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.
Operation
The driver’s door will unlock automatically when “UNLOCK” is pressed.
If “UNLOCK” is pressed twice, all doors will unlock. All doors will lock
when “DOOR” is pressed. The trunk will unlock when the opened trunk
symbol ispressed.
The Keyless Entry System allowsa transmitter tobe matched to as many
different vehicles as you own withthis system. Each vehicle can have only
two transmitters matched to it.
The transmitter will arm the Theft Deterrent System whenever the doors
are closed and you push the DOOR button. Itwill disarm the system
when you push the UNLOCK button.
If your Cadillac is equipped with the Illuminated Entry System, you can
make it work by pushing any button on the transmitter. The
lights will
stay on for20 seconds.
P-
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Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmittermom
unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement
can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring the remaining
transmitter with you when yougo to your dealer. When the dealer
matches the replacement transmitter toyour vehicle, the remaining
transmitter must also be matched. Once thenew transmitter is coded, the
lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
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You can match a transmitter to as manydifferent vehicles as you own,
provided they are equipped with exactlythe samemodel svstem. (General
Motors offers several different models of these systems on theirvehicles.)
Each vehicle can have only2 transmitters matchedto it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to anothervehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normaluse, the batteriesin yourkey chain transmitter should last
about two years.
You can tell the batteriesare weak if the transmitterwon’t workat the
normal rangein any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle
before the transmitter works, it’sprobably time to change the batteries.
For battery replacementuse two Duracell batteries,type DL-2 or a
similar type.
To replace the batteries:
1. If your transmitter
has a screw, remove
the screw from the
back cover.If there
is no screw,
carefully pryoff the
cover by inserting a
dime (or similar
object) in the slot
between the covers
and twist.
2. Lift off the frontcover, bottom half first.
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3. Replace the
batteries.
Put them
in withthe printed
. I side down.
.. .
A.
4. Install the cover making sure thecover is on tightly so water won’t get
in.
Glove Box
The glove box isdirectly in front of the frontpassenger seat. To unlock
the door, insert theoval key into thelock cylinder and turn it to theleft to
a horizontal position. To lock the door turn the
key to the right to a
vertical position and remove the key. The glove box door is opened by
pulling out on the handle next to the lock cylinder.
Rear Storuge Box
If you have a Sedan, you have this feature above and behind the rear seat.
Just pull up on thelatch and the lid will open to a handy storage area.
Use this space far small items like a flashlight, gloves and sunglasses.
68
You’ll find the button
here in the glove box.
Push the yellow button
to open your trunk.
-
It works when the ignition is on. If you stop your vehicle and turn the
ignition key to “Off”, you can still use the Remote Trunk Release. Your
vehicle has Retained Accessory Power(RAP). The electrical power to the
Trunk Release will not shutoff until you open a door or 10 minutes has
passed. If you want this power for another10 minutes, just turn the key to
“RUN” and then back to “OFF”.
AUTOiWTIC PULL-DOWN FEATURE
(OPTION)
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A CAUTION:
Your car has an automatic pull-down feature that helps close
the trunk electronically. Your fingers canbe trapped under the
trunk lid as itgoes down. Your fingers could be injured, and you
would need someone to helpyou free them. Keep your fingers
away from the trunklid as you close it and as itis goin1 -own.
I
With this feature, a warning light willcome on in the Information Center
if your trunk is not closed.
THEFT
Vehicle theft is big business, especially insome cities. Although your
Cadillac has a number of theft deterrent features,
we knowthat nothing
we put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Kev in the ignition:If you walk awayfrom your vehicle with the keys
inside, it’s an easy target forjoy riders or professional thieves -- so don’t
do it.
When you park your Cadillac and open thedriver’s door, you’ll hear a
chime reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and takeit
with you. Alwaysdo this. Yoursteering wheel will be locked, and so will
your ignition and transaxle. And rememberto lock the doors.
Parking at Night: Park in a lighted spot, close all windowsand lock your
vehicle. Remember to keepyour valuables out of sight. Put them in a
storage area,or takethem with you.
Parking Lots:If you park in a lot where someonewill be watching your
vehicle, it’sbest to lock it up and takeyour keys. But what if you have to
leave your ignition key? What if you haveto leave something valuable in
your vehicle?
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk orglove box.
0 Lock the glove box.
0
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Lock all the doorsexcept the driver’s.
Then take the doorkey with you.
70
U N m R S A L THEFT DETERRENT
(OPTION)
If your Cadillac has
this option, it has a
theft deterrent alarm
system. Withthis
system, tht
“SECURITY” light
will flash as you open
the door(if your
ignition is off).
This light reminds you to arm the theftdeterrent system. Here’s how to
do it:
1. Opcn the door.
2. Lock the doorwith the power door lock switch or Keyless Entry
System. The “SECURITY”light should come on andstay on.
3. Close all doors. The “SECURITY”light should go off.
If a door or the trunk
is opened without the key or Keyless Entry System,
the alarm will go off. It will also go off if a door lock or thetrunk lock is
damaged. Your vehicle’s lightswill flash and the hornwill sound for3
minutes, then will go off to save battery power. And, your vehicle will not
start.
Remember, the theft deterrent system won’t arm if you lock the doors
with a key or manual door lock. It arms only if you use a power door lock
switch or Keyless Entry System.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
0 If you don’t want to arm the theft deterrent system, the vehicle should
be locked after the doors areclosed.
71
Always unlock a doorwith a key, or use the Keyless Entry System.
Unlocking a door any other way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock anydoor with your key.
You can also turn off the alarm by using the Keyless Entry System, if you
have it.The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a doorany other way.
How to Test The Alarm
Roll down your window and lock your vehicle using the power door
lock or theKeyless Entry System.
Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock, and open the
door. The horn will sound and your headlights will flash.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to see if the horn
works. The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse, see “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the theft deterrentsystem
when leaving your vehicle.
PASS-KEY IIm
I
Your vehicle is equipped with the PASS-Key I1 (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft deterrent system. PASS-Key I1 is a
passive theft deterrentsystem. This means you don’t have to do anything
different to arm or disarm the system. It works when you insert or remove
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the key from the ignition. PASS-Key TM uses a resistor pellet in the
ignition key that matches a decoderin your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key 11 TM system senses that someone is using the wrong
key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter and fuel systems. For about three
minutes, the starterwon’t work and fuelwon’t go to the engine. If
someone triesto startyour vehicle again or uses another key during this
time, the vehicle will not start. This discourages someone from randomly
trying different keys with different resistor pellets in an attempt tomake a
match.
The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s inserted in the ignition
or theengine may not start. If the engine does not start and the
“SECURITY” light comes on, thekey may be dirty or wet. Turn the
ignition off.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about three minutes and try again. The
security light will remain on during this time. If the starterstill won’t
work, and the key appears to be clean and dry, wait about three minutes
and try the other ignition key. At this time, you may also want to check
the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the starter
won’t work with the otherkey, your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle
does start, thefirst ignition key may be faulty. See your Cadillac dealer or
a locksmith who can service the PASS-Key I1 TM .
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or missing resistor pellet,
the starterwon’t work and the security light will flash. But you don’t have
to wait three minutes before trying one of the otherignition keys.
See your Cadillac dealer or a locksmith who can service the Pass-Key I1 TM
to have a new key made.
If you’re ever driving andthe “SECURITY” light comes on and stayson,
you will be able to restart your engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key I1 TM
system, however, isnot working properly and mustbe serviced by your
Cadillac dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key I1 system.
while the security light stayson as described. So you should service your
vehicle as soon as possible.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key I1TM ignition key, see your Cadillac
dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key I1TM to have a new key
made.
TM
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NEW VEHICLE cCBREAK-IN”
IGNITION KEY POSITIONS
This lock gives you five
different positions.
Before you put thekey in, your ignition will be in the “LOCK” position.
This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s an
anti-theft feature.
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The other positions let you perform these functions:
ACC: Accessory lets you use things like the radio and the windshield
wipers when the engine is off. To get into“Acc”,push in the key and turn
it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, just as it was
before you inserted the key.
OFIF: This position lets you turn off the engine but still turn the steering
wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering wheel like “Lock.”Use “Off” if you
must have your car in motion while the engine is off (for example, if your
car is being pushed).
RUN: This is the position for driving.
STARE This starts your engine.
If your Key seems stucK in “Lock, and you can’t turn it, be sure
-~
ignition switch.If none of this works, then your vehicle need
STARTING YOUR ENGINE
Move your shift lever to “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral).Your engine won’t
start in any other position -- that’s a safety feature. To restart when you’re
already moving, use “ N ’ (Neutral) only.
1
NOTICE:
Don’t try toshift to “P” (Park, if your Cadillacis moving. If you
do, you could damage the transaxle. Shift to
when your vehicleis stopped.
To start vour V8 engine:
c
1. Don’t push the accelerator pedal before starting your engine. In some
other vehicles youmight need to do this, but because of your vehicle’s
computer systems, you don’t.
2. Turn your ignition key to “Start.” When the engine starts, let go of the
key. The idle speed will go down as your engine gets warm.
3. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in “Start” forabout three
seconds at a time until your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds
between each try to help avoid draining your battery.
-
will cause your battery to be drained much
so0
ive heat can damage your starter motor.
-
4. If your engine still won’t start (or startsbut then stops), it could be
flooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator pedal all
the way to thefloor and holding it there as you hold the key in “Start’’
for about threeseconds. If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops
again, do the same thing.
Jour ~ I I ~ I I ISI ~ueslgrleu
:
LU work wi
ding electrical equipment, check with your d
n’t, your engine might not
perform properly.
nual thattells how to do it without damagi
“Towing Your Vehicle” in theIndex.
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D.RIUNG THROUGH DEEP STANDING
WATER
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (OPTION)
In very cold weather, O°F (-18OC) or colder, the engine block heater can
help. You’ll get easier starting andbetter fuel economy during engine
warm-up.
To use the block heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
A
- I I
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could cause an
electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could
overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug
the cord into a properly grounded three-prong 110-voltoutlet. If
the cord won’t reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong extension
cord rated for atleast 15 amps.
77
NOTICE:
After you’ve u
was before, to keepit away from movingengine parts.If you
don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the block heater plugged in? The answer
depends onthe weather, the kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact a Cadillac
dealer in the areawhere you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can
give you the best advice for that particular area.
AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE
There areseveral different positions for your shift lever.
P (Park)
This locks your front wheels. It’s the best position to use when you
start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily.
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’
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous toget out of ---urvehicle if the shiftlever is
not fully in “P” (Park) with the parking brakefirmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
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W$&I
Don’t leave your vehicle whenthe engine is running unless y
have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or otherscould be injured. To be sure yo
vehicle won’t move, when you’re on fairly level ground, always
set your parking brake andmove the shiftlever to “P” (Park).
See “Shifting Into “P” (Park)” in theIndex. If you are parking
on a hill, or, if you’re pulling a trailer, alsosee, “Parking on
Hills” or “Towing a nailer” inthe Index.
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Ensure theshift lever is fully in“P” (Park) range before starting the
engine. Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock. You have to
fully amlv your regular brakes before you can shift from “P” (Park) when
the ignition key is inthe “Run”position. If you cannot shift out of “P”
(Park), ease pressure on the
shift lever - push the shift lever all the way
into “P” (Park) asyou maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gearyou wish. See “Shifting Out of ‘P’ (Park)” in this part.
R (Reverse)
Use this gearto bacK up.
hifting to “R” (Reverse) while your vehicle is m
ould damage your t
To rock your vehicle back and forthto get out of snow, iceor sand
without damaging your transaxle, see “If You’reStuck in Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow” in the Index.
79
N (Neutral)
In this position, your engine doesn’t connect with the wheels. To
restart when you’realready moving, use “N” (Neutral) only. Also, use
“N” when your vehicleis being towed.
A CAUTION:
Shifting outof “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral) while your engine is
“racing” (running at high speed) is dangerous. Unless your foot
is firmly on the brakepedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hitpeople or objects. Don’t
shift outof “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral) while your engine is
racing.
@ Automatic Overdrive
This position is for normaldriving. If you need morepower for
passing, and you’re:
- Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push your accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
- Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the accelerator all
the way down.
You’ll shift down to thenext gear andhave more power.
3 (ThirdGear)
This is like
a,but you never go into Overdrive.
Here aresome times you might choose “3” instead of
a:
- When driving on hilly, winding roads
- When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting between gears
- When going down a steep hill
2 (SecondGear)
This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy. You can
use 2 on hills. It can help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but thenyou would also want to use your brakes off
and on.
(6
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1 (First Gear)
This position gives you even more power (but lower fuel economy)
than “2.”You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If
the selector lever isput in “1,”the transaxle won’t shiftinto first gear
until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
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If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to drive. This might
happen if you were stuck in very deep sand or mud or were up
against a solid object. You could damage your transaxlc.
Also, if youstop when goinguphill, don’t hold your vehicle the]
with only the accelerator pedal. This could overheat and
I Jse your brakes to hold your.vehic
damage
thetransaxle.
position
on a hillm
.. . .
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P-NG
BRAKE
To set the parking brake:
Hold the regular brake pedal down with your rightfoot. Push down the
parking brake pedalwith your left foot. If the ignition is on, the brake
system warning light will
come on.
When you move out of “P” (Park) or“N” (Neutral), if your engine is
running, your parking brake
should go off. If it doesn’t, you havea
parking brake problem and should
have it fixed.In themeantime, you
can still release your parking brake. Justpull on the manual releaselever,
as shown.
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A CAUTION:
If yourhandorarm is inthe way of thepedal,youcouldbe
I
hurt. The pedal springs back quickly. Keep your hand and arm
-- se thr -1anual r -’- - -e lever.
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See “Parking on Hills” in the Index. That section
shows howto turnyour front wheels.
*
If YOU are towinn a trailer and are parking; on any hill:See “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index. That section shows what to dofirst to keep the
trailer from moving.
SHIFTING INTO “P”(PARK)
II A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is
not fully in “P” (Park) with the parking brakefirmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, thevehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle
won’t move, when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you are parking on a hill, or if you’re pulling a
trailer, alsosee “Parking On Hills” or “Towing a Trailer” in the
Index.
Steering Column S h i !Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
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2. Move the shift lever into “P” (Park) position like this:
Pull the lever
toward you.
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1
Move the lever
up as far as it
will go.
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3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal down, set the
parking brake.
4. Move the ignition key to “Lock.”
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicle is in “P7’
(Park).
85
It canbe dangerous to leave your vehicle with the engine
running. Your vehicle could move suddenly if the
shift lever is
not fullyin “P” (Park) with the parking brake firmlyset. And, if
it could overheat
you leave the vehicle with the engine running,
and even catch fire.You or others could be injured. Don’t leave
your vehicle with the engine running
unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your
vehicle is in “P” (Park)and your parking brake is firmly set before you
leave it. After you’ve moved the shift lever into the“P” (Park) position,
hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, seeif you can move the shift
lever awayfrom “P” (Park) without first pulling it toward you. If you can,
it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into “P” (Park).
SHIFTING OUT OF “P”(PARK)
Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock. You have to fully
apply your regular brake before you can shift from “P” (Park) when the
ignition is in the “Run”position. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of “P” (Park), ease pressure on theshift lever -push the shift lever all the way into “P”(Park) as you maintain brake
application. Then move the shift lever into the gearyou wish. If you ever
hold the brakepedal down but still can’t shift out of “P” (Park), try this:
1. Turn the key to “Off.” Open and close the driver’s door toturn off the
Retained Accessory Powerfeature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to “N” (Neutral).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
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- P m N G OVER THINGS THAT BURN
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I A CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust parts under
your
vehicle and ignite. Don't park over papers, leaves, dry grass or
ather things that can burn.
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ENGINE E m U S T
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A
CAUTION:
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Engine exhaustcan kill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide
(CO),which you can't
see or smell. It can
cause
e
unconsciousness and death,
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You might have exhaust coming in if:
0
Your exhaust system sounds strangeor different.
0
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath,
*
Your vehicle was damaged
in
I'
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a collision,
Your vehicle was damaged when driving over high pointSean
th6orroad over
debris.
&ad
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Repairs weren't don6 correctly.
:Your vehicle or exhaust system had been modified
bproperly.
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If you ever suspe& exhaustis coming into yourvehicle:
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Driw it only Mth all the windows down to blow out anyCO;
and
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Pave it fixed immediately.
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RUNNING YOUR ENGINE IZIiWLE YOUfRE
PARKED
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It’s better not to parkwith the engine running. But if you ever have to,
here are somethings to know.
I
A CAUTION:
Idling theengine with the air system control off could allow
dangerous exhaust intoyour vehicle (see the earlier Caution
under “Engine Exhaust”).
I
Also, idling in a closed-in place can letdeadly carbon monoxide
(CO) into your vehicle even if the fan switch is at the highest
setting. One place this can happenis a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park ina garage with the
engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. (See “Blizzard” in the
Index.)
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It can be dangerous toget out of your vehicle if the shiftlever is
not fully in “P” (Park) with the parking brakefirmly set. Your
vehicle can roll. Don’t leaveyour vehicle whenthe engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the engine running,
the vehicle can move suddenly.You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when you’reon fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake move the shiftlever
to “P” (Park).
Follow the proper steps to
be sure your vehicle won’t move.
If youare parking on a hill, or if you’re pulling a trailer, alsosee
“Parking on Hills” or “Towing a lkailer” in theIndex.
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POWER WINDOWS
Express Down Window (Driver'sSide)
Just press the switch once -- for half a second or more -- and then let go.
The window will go all the way down. If you want to stop thewindow as it
is going down, press the switch again.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power(RAP). When you stop your
vehicle and turn theignition key to "OFF", you can still useyour power
windows. The electrical power to thepower windows will not shut off
until you open a door or 10 minutes has passed. If you want this power
for another10 minutes, just turn thekey to "RUN" and then back to
"OFF".
Window Lock
~
When the switch is in
the "On" position, an
amber indicatorlight
will illuminate. Only
the driver's window
control switches will
operate thepower
windows. This feature
is useful when you're
transporting small
children and you don't
want them using the
power windows.
When your vehicle is in the Retained Accessory Power(RAP) mode, the
window lock function will not lock the windows.
HORN
To sound the horn, justpress the centerof the steeringwheel.
TILT WHEEL
A tilt steering wheel allows youto adjust the steeringwheel before you
drive.
You can also raise it to thehighest level to give your legs more room
when you exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold
thesteering wheel and
pull the lever. Move
the steeringwheel to a
comfortable level, then
release thelever to
lock the wheel in
place.
THE TURN SIGNK/MULTIFUNCTION
LEVER
The lever on theleft side of the steeringcolumn includes your:
0 Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0 Headlight High-Low Beam & Passing Signal
0 Windshield Wipers
0 Windshield Washer
Cruise Control
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Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
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The turn signal has
two upward (for Right)
and two downward
(for Left) positions.
These positions allow
you to signal a turn or
a lane change.
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To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is
finished, the lever will return automatically.
m
A green arrow on the
instrument panel will
flash in the direction of
the turn or lane
change.
I
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the green arrow
starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change. The
lever will return by itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn ora lane change, if the arrows don’t flash but just
stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out and otherdrivers won’t see your
turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the green
arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, check the fuse (see
“Fuses” in the Index) and for burned-outbulbs.
Operation of Lights
Although your vehicle’s lighting system (headlights, parking lights, fog
lamps, side marker lights and taillights) meet all applicable federal
lighting requirements, certain statesand provinces may apply their own
lighting regulations thatmay require special attention before you operate
these lights. For example, some jurisdictions may require thatyou operate
your lower beam lights with foglamps at all times, or that headlights be
turned onwhenever you must use your windshield wipers.In addition,
most jurisdictions prohibit driving solely withparking lights, especiallyat
dawn or dusk. It is recommended that you check with you ownstate or
provincial highway authority forapplicable lighting regulations.
Headlight High-Low Beam
To change the
headlights from low
beam to high or high 6low, pull the turn signai
lever all the way toward
you. Thenreleaseit.
When the high beams
are on, this blue light
on the instrument
panel also will be on.
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WINDSHIELD W P E R S
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You control thewindshield wipersby turning the band marked“WIPER.”
For a single wiping cycle,turn the band to “MIST? Hold itthere until the
wipers start, then letgo. The wipers will stop after onecycle. If you want
more cycles, hold the bandon “MIST” longer.
You can set thewiper speed for along or short delay between wipes. This
can be very useful in lightrain orsnow. Turnthe band to choose the delay
time. The closer to “LO,” the shorter thedelay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turnthe band away from you to the“LO”
position. For high speed wiping, turn the band further,to “HI.”To stop
the wipers, movethe band to “OFF.”
A CAUTION:
rr
Damaged wiper blades may prevent you from seeing well enough
to drivesafely. To avoid damage, be sure to clearice and snow
from the wiper blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do
become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
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Heavy snowor ice can overload your wipers.A circuit breaker will stop
them until the motorcools. Clear away snow or ice to prevent an
overload.
WINDSHIELD WASHER
At the topof the multifunction lever there’s a paddlewith the word
“PUSH” on it. To spray washer fluid on thewindshield, push and release
the paddle.The wipers will clear the window and then either stop
or
return toyour preset speed. For continued
wash operation, press and
hold the paddle down.
Releasing the paddle stops the
washer fluid from spraying. The wipers
will clear thewindow and then either stopor return toyour preset speed.
96
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If this light comes on, it
means you're low on
washer fluid.
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'A CAUTION
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Driving without washer fluid'canbe dangerous. A bad mud
splash can block~yourrisim. Yciu could hit another vehicleor
go off the road. Check j&u- washer fluid level often.
In freezing weather, don't use yourwasher until the
windshield is warmed. OtherwiSethe washer fluid can form
ice on the windshield, blQcking your
vision.
97
U
When using concentrated washer fluid,
foll
manufacturer’s instruction
Don’t mix water with ready
of the washer sy
tank and other parts
as well as washer fluid.
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Headlight Washers (Export On&)
11 you
have this feature, when your headlamps are on, you will wash your
headlamps while washing your windshield.
Just press the PUSH paddle
on the multifunction lever.
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CRUISE CONTROL
With Cruise Control, you can maintain a speedof about 25 mph (40
km/h) or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator.This can
really help onlong trips. Cruise Control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
When you applyyour brakes, theCruise Control shutsoff.
98
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A CAUTION:
Cruise Control can be dangerous where you can’t drive safely
at a steady speed. So, don’t use your Cruise Control on
winding roads orin heavy traffic.
Cruise Control can be dangerous on slippery roads. On such
roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause
needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t use Cruise
Control on slippery roads.
To Set Cruise Control
Move the Cruise
Control switch to
ON.
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CAUTION:
If you leave your Cruise Controlswitch on when you’re not
using Cruise, you might hit a button and go into Cruisewhen
you don’t want to. You could be startled andeven lose control.
Keep the Cruise Controlswitch “OFF” until you want to use it.
99
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Get up to the speed you want.
Push in the button
at the endof the
lever and release
it.
instrument panel
will come on.)
INFOR
Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your Cruise Control ata desired speed and thenyou
apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off the Cruise Control. But you
don’t need to reset it. Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, you can move the Cruise Controlswitch from “ON’’ to “R/A?
(Resume/Accelerate) for abouthalf a second.
IC--
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You’ll go rightback up to your chosen speed andstay there.
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!
!
!
CAUTION
,
If you hold the switchat “R/A” longer than=halfa second, the
vehicle will keep going
faster until you release the switchor
apply the brake.You could be startied and evenlose control. So
unless you ’1 nt to go faster, don’t hold the switchat “R/A.”
To Increase Speed While Using CruiseControl
There aretwo ways to go to ahigher speed. Here’s the first:
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
2. Push the button at the end
of the lever, then release the buttonand
the accelerator pedal.You’ll now cruise at thehigher speed.
Here’s the second way to go to ahigher speed:
0 Move the Cruise switch from “ON” to “R/A.”Hold it there until you
get up to thespeed you want, and then release theswitch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to
“,/A’ for less than half a second and then releaseit. Each time you do
this, your vehiclewill go about 1mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
To Reduce Speed while Using Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to reduce your speed while using cruise control:
Push in the button at theend of the lever until you reach the lower
speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the button for less than half
a second. Each time you do this, you’ll go 1mph (1.6 kmih) slower.
Passing Another VehicleM i l e Using Cruise Control
Use the acceleratorpedal to increase your speed. When you take your
foot off the pedal,your vehiclewill slow down to the Cruise Control
speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well yourCruise Control will work on hills depends upon your
speed, load, and the steepness
of the hills. When going up steep hills, you
may have to stepon the acceleratorpedal to maintain your speed. When
going downhill,you may have to brakeor shift to alower gear to keep
your speed down. Of course, applying the brake takesyou out of Cruise
Control. Many drivers find this to be toomuch trouble and don’t use
Cruise Control on steephills.
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To Get Out of Cruise Control
There areseveral ways to turn off the Cruise rnntrol:
Step lightly on the
brake pedal ;OR
Move the Cruise
switch to “OFF.”
(The “CRUISE”
light will go out.) ;
OR
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When the Traction Control System is turned on, it will turn off the
Cruise Control. See“Traction Control System” in the Index.
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the Cruise Control or the ignition, your Cruise
Control setspeed memory is erased.
LIGHTS
You'll find the control
It controls these light systems:
Headlights
Taillights
Parking Lights
License Lights
Sidemarker Lights
Instrument Panel Lights
Interior Courtesy Lights
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Here’s how your light systems work:
Headlight “On” Warning
If the manuallight switch isleft on (as when someone has parkedyour
car), you’ll hear awarning tone when you turn off the ignition and open
the driver’s door.
Twilight Sentinel
The control will look like this:
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It switches your lightson andoff by sensing how dark itis outside.
105
To operate it, leave the light switch off and move the Twilight Sentinel
control to any position but “OFE”
If you move the controlall the way to MAX, your lights will remain on for
three minutes after you turn off your engine. If you move the control
almost all the way in the other direction,so it’s just on, thelights will go
off quickly when you turn off your engine.
You can change this delay time from only a few seconds to three minutes.
Please don’t cover the light sensor. It is located on the topof your
instrument panel.
If you cover the sensor,
it will read “dark” and
your lights will come
on.
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Day Time Running Lights (Canada Only)
The Canadian FederalGovernment has decided that “Daytime Running
Lights” (DRL) area useful feature, in that DRL can make your vehicle
more visible to pedestrians and other drivers during daylight hours. DRL
are required onnew vehicles sold in Canada.
Your DRL work with a light sensor on top of the instrument panel. Don’t
cover it up.
The high beam headlights will come on at reduced brightness in daylight
when:
The ignition is on
The headlight switch is off, and
The transaxle is not in “P” (Park).
At dusk, the DRL will switch off and theexterior lights will come on
automatically. At dawn, the exteriorlights will go out and thehigh beams
-
_ _ ~-
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will change to the reduced brightness of DRL (if the headlight switch is
off).
Of course, you may stillturn on theheadlights any time you need to.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, shift the transaxle into “P” (Park).
The DRL will stay off until you shift out of “P” (Park).
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Rear Fog Lights (Export Only)
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To turn them on,push the switch located on the right lower side of your
instrument panel.A small indicator light will glow to tell you they are on.
Cornering Lights
The cornering lights come onwhen you signal a turn.This will provide
more light for turning when its dark.
Maplights
---
The maplights are located above the rearview mirror. To operate the
maplights, just push either button to turn them on.They will both come
on when the courtesy lights are turned on.
Lump Monitors
The frontlamp
monitors show that
your headlamps, high
beam and turn signals
are working.
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The rear lamp
monitors show that the
taillights and brake
lights are working.
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7
MIRRORS
Automatic DaylNight Inside Rearview Mirror
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Your Cadillac has the
automatic
electrochromic
rearview mirror.
During the day the mirror reflects all the light from behind your car. At
night, when the glare is too high, it darkens to reflect only part of the light
behind you. When the mirror darkens, it holds that position until the
glare is no longer present.
--
Settings
__
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Your automatic rearview mirror has different positions for light
sensitivity. At the “MAX” setting, bright headlights far away will cause
the mirror to gradually darken. This is a good setting for ruraldriving. At
close for the
the “MIN” setting, brightheadlights have to be rather
mirror to darken. This is a good setting for city driving.
Reverse Gear Day Mode
The reverse mode is another important featureof the automatic mirror.
When the shift lever is placed in “ R ’ (Reverse), the mirror changes to the
daytime mode for abright image in the mirror as you back up.
109
Turn the switch to
“OFF” when you want
the mirror to stay in
the day mode.
Cleuning Photocells
Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the front and rear photocells
that make the mirror work.
110
Front Seat Illuminated Vanity Mirrors (Option)
To use one, turn the
sunshade down. Then
lift the cover up to see
the mirror.The switch
makes the light
brighter.
Outside Mirrors
Your Cadillac has electric mirror control.
If you have the Touring Sedan or an Export vehicle, you have collapsible
outside mirrors. These mirrors can pivot to accommodate tight situations.
Just pivot the mirror inward. To return themirror to its normal position,
rotate the mirror until
it locksinto place.
Just rotate theknob to choose the left
or right mirror. Thenmove itto adjust
the mirror.
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Convex OutsideMirror
Your right side mirroris convex.A convex mirror's surface is curved a
little so you can see morelooking from thedriver's seat.
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A CAUTION:
If you aren't used to a convex mirror, you can hit another
.vehicle. A convex mirror can make other things (like vehicles)
look farther away than they really are. If you cut too sharply
into the rightlane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check
your inside mirror orglance over your shoulder before changing
lanes.
112
Electrochromic Outside Rearview Mirror (Option)
(Not available on Touring Sedan)
This mirror automatically dims to minimize glare formaximum rear
visibility. As glare increases, themirror darkens accordingly. When the
glare subsides, the mirror returns to its clear daytime state.
The mirror is controlled by the same three position sensitivity switchthat
controls theElectrochromic Inside Rearview mirror.
CONVENIENCE NET (OPTION)
a:’
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it just inside the back
wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can help keep them
from falling over during sharp turns or quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store themin the trunk as far
forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when you’re not using it.
113
ASTROROOF - EXPRESS OPEN
If you have this option, theswitch is here:
I
The astroroof includes a sliding glasspanel and a sliding sunshade. The
control switch onlyworks with the ignition on or in Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) mode.
To Open the Sunroof:Press the controlswitch rearward and release it to
open theglass panel and sunshade. If you want to stop thesunroof in a
partially open position, lightly press the switch again. Press the switch
rearward again to openfully. The sunshade can also be opened by hand.
To Close the Sunroof: Press and hold the controlswitch forward to close
the glass panel. The sunshade can only be closed by hand.
The sunroof glass panel cannot be opened or closed if your vehicle has an
electrical failure.
To Open the Sunroof Rear
Vent: Press the controlswitch forward when
the sunroof is closed. Open thesunshade by hand.
To Close the SunroofRear Vent:Press the switch rearward.
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ASHTRAYS
Front Center Ashtray
Here's how to takeit out forcleaning:
Lift it out by pulling on the snuffer.
If the ashtray will not come outby pulling on the snuffer, try this:
Reach under theashtray and gently push up on theashtray bowl to
free it fromthe drawer.
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Rear Ashtrays
Here’s how to remove them:
C I G m T T E LIGHTER
It’s near the ashtray. To use a lighter, just push it all the way in. When it’s
ready, it will pop back by itself.
when it’s ready. Thatcan
1 the heating element.
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7
GAR4GE DOOR OPENER (OPTION)
his option allows you
open up to three
garage doors.The
transmitter unit fits
into the maplight
console.
Your Cadillac dealer can tell you about the hand held power pack unit
and the installation you’ll need at home to make this work. If your
Cadillac is equipped with an Electriclears heated windshield, you’ll have
to becloser to the garage door for the transmitter unit
work.
to
STORAGE ARMIREST
The armrest between the front seats opens into a storage area.
To open it,
press the lever at the frontedge. Inside is a dual cupholderwhich can be
rotated outward for use with the cover closed. Inside you will alsofind a
coin holder and a cassetteand CD holder.
FLOOR MATS
Your Cadillac is equipped with rubber-backed front and rear floor
mats,
keep themclean by vacuuming and using a spot cleaner,if necessary. Do
not machine wash.
117
THE INSTRUMENT PANEL: YOUR
INFOWATION SYSTEM
LEFTSIDE
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FORMATIONCENTER
INFORMATION CEN
a
Your instrument panel is designed to let you know at a glance how your
Cadillac is running. You’ll know howfast you’re going, howmuch fuel
you’re using, and many of other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
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SPEEDOMETER AND ODOMETER
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Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph)
and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows how far your
vehicle has been driven, in either miles (used in the U.S.) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
_
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EnglishIMetric Button (Digital Option)
You can go back and
forth from English
(miles) to metric
(kilometers) by
pushing this button.
___
The same button also makes other readings (like temperature, fuel and
odometer) go between English and metric.
Trip Odometer
You can tell how far you’ve gone since you last set it back to zero. To
reset, justpush the button.
~-
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If you have the Digital speedometer and odometer,there’s one special
thing to know. You may see the trip odometer get
to about 621 miles and
then return to zero. Here’s why: If you have the system on Metric and you
set the odometerback to zero,it will turn back to zero again after you’ve
driven 999.9 km (621 miles). If you have changed to English during that
trip, it will still roll back to zero at 999.9 km (621 miles). To make the
odometer go all the way to 999.9 miles (1609 km), set it to zero when it is
in English mode, showing miles.
Odometer
Your Cadillac has a “tamper-resistant odometer.” On the analog
odometer, if you see silver lines between the numbers, probably someone
has tried to turnit back. The numbers may not be true.If you have the
optional digital odometer, it will say ERROR if someone has tampered
with it.
You may wonder what happens if a carhas to have a new odometer
installed. If possible, the new one has to be setto thesame reading the
old one had. If it can’t be, then it’s set at zero, but a label on the driver’s
door must show the old reading and when the new one was installed.
W M I N G LIGHTS
This section describes the warning lights that are onyour vehicle. The
pictures will help you locate them.
Warning lights can signal that something is wrong before it becomes
serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying
attention to your warning lights could also save youor others from injury.
Warning lights go on when there may be or is a problem with one of your
vehicle’s functions. As you will see in the detailson the next few pages,
some warning lights come on briefly whenyou turn theignition key just to
let you knowthey’re working. If you are familiar with this section, you
should not bealarmed when this happens.
c.
When oneof the warning lights comes on andstays on when you are
driving, check the section that tells you what to do aboutit. Pkase follow
the manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairscan be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights. They’re a big help.
Brake System WarningLight
Your Cadillac’shydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one
part isn’t working, the other partcan still work and stop you. For good
braking, though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light goes on, therecould be a brake problem. Have your
brake system inspected right away.
This light shoula come
on and turn off as you
start thevehicle. If it
doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if
there’s a problem.
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This light will also come on when you set your parking brake, and will
stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully. If it stays on after your
parking brake is fully released, it means you have a brake problem. If the
light comes on while driving, pulloff the road and stopcarefully. You may
notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. Itmay take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle
towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle” inthe Index.)
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CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake
warning light is on. Driving with the brake warning light on can
lead to an accident. If the light is still on afteryou’ve pulled off
the road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for
service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
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With anti-lock, this light will go onwhen you start your engine and may
stay on forseveral seconds or so. That’s normal. If the light doesn’t come
on, have it fixedso it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If the light stayson or comes on when you’re driving,stop assoon as
possible and turn the key off. Then start theengine to reset the system. If
the light stillstays on, orcomes on again while you’re driving,your
Cadillac needs service. Unless the regular brake system warning light is
also on, you will still have brakes, but not anti-lock brakes. If the regular
brake system warning light is also on, see“Brake System WarningLight”
earlier in this part.
The anti-lock brake system warning light may also come on when you are
driving witha compact spare tire. If this happens, the light means you
won’t have anti-lock until you replace the compact spare with a full-size
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tire. If the warning light stays on after you replace the compact spare with
a full-size tire, or if it comes on again when you’re driving,your Cadillac
needs service.
Traction Control System Warning Light(Option)
WER
When your traction
control system is
working, the message
“TRACTION
ACTIVE” will appear
in your information
center. This means
that slippery road
conditions may exist.
The “TRACTION
OFF” warning light
means that thesystem
is not working. This
warning light may
come on for the
following reasons:
If your transaxle overheats, the traction controlsystem automatically
shuts off for about threeminutes. The warning light will come on and
stay on during that time.
If your brakes overheat, the traction controlsystem will shut off and
the warning light will come on until your brakes cool down.
‘f the “TRACTION OFF” warning lightcomes on andstays on for an
:&ended period of time, your vehicle needs service.
A CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed when the “TRACTION
OFF” warning light ison, they can explode and you or others
could be injured. And, spinning your tires with the “TRACTION
OFF’’ warning light on can cause the transaxle tooverheat or
can cause otherproblems. That could cause an engine fire or
other damage. When you’re stuck, spin thewheels as little as
possible. Don’t spin thewheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as
shown on the speedometer.
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YOTICE:
Spinning your wheels
when the “TRACTION OFF” warning
light is on can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as the tir
If you spin your wheels too fast while shifting your transaxlf
back and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. when you’rt
-tuck, spin thewheels as little as possible.
124
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- Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light
This light tells you that
your engine coolant has
overheated or your
radiator cooling fans
are not working. If you
have been operating
your vehicle under
normal driving
conditions, you should
pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn
-1 the engine off as soon
as possible.
HOT COOLANT CAN BURN YOU BADLY!
In “Problems on the Road,” this manual shows what to do. See“Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Engine Temperature WarningLight
I
This light tells you that
your engine has
overheated.
r
If you have been operatingyour vehicle under normal driving conditions,
and turn the engine off as soon
you should pull off the road, stop the car
as possible. A warning chime should also sound if you drive with this light
on. The chime will continue to sound until the ignition is turned “off” or
the light goes out. As a check, the light should come on for a few seconds
when you start your engine.
125
HOT COOLANT CAN BURN YOU BADLY!
In “Problemson theRoad,” this manual shows whatto do. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Charge Light
L
P
When you turn thekey
to “Run,”this light will
come on briefly, to
show that your
alternator andbattery
charging systems are
working.
I
If a light stays on, you need service, and you should take your Cadillac to
the dealer at
once. To save your battery until you get there, turnoff all
accessories, and setyour Electronic Climate Control system to “OFF.”
Service Engine SoonlServiceVehicle Soon Lights
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K G f NE
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ZVICE
VEHICLE So(
A computer monitors operationof your fuel, ignition and emission
control systems. This light should come onwhen the ignition is on, but
the engineis not running, as a check to show you it is working..
m
If it does notcome on at all, have it fixedright away. If it stays on, or it
comes on while you are driving, the computer is indicating that you have
a problem. You should take your vehicle in for service soon.
Oil Light
This light tells you if
there could be a
problem with your
engine oil pressure.
-.
The light goes on when you turn your key to “Run” or“START”It goes
off once you have started your engine. That’s just a check to be sure the
light works. If it doesn’t, be sureto have it fixedso it will be there towarn
you if something goes wrong.
When this light comes on and stavs on, it means oil isn’t going through
your engine properly. You could be low on oil, or you might have some
other oil problem.
I:
A CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your
engine canbecome so hot that itcatches fire. You or others
could be burned. Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
r
JOTICE:
Damage to your
engin
%omne! cte
probl
costly and is not covered by your warranty.
IS
cal
Change Oil Soon Light
This light will come on
for a few seconds as a
bulb check when you
first start your engine.
The light will also come on following engine start up for 20 seconds when
either theoil life percentage is less the 10% or 7500 miles (12500 km)
have been driven. This is a reminder that it is time to change your oil. See
the Index under “Oil Life Indicator” for more information on this system.
128
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- Service Air Cond Light
You’ll find this light here:
FORMATION CENTE
iERVICE
__
If it ever stays on for 29 seconds or more, you need service. It comes on
for a few seconds, just asa bulb check whenever you turn your ignition to
Run. ”
“
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SERWCE SSS Light
bRMATION CEP
When you first start
your car, the
“SERVICE SSS” light
will come on as a bulb
check and a system
self-check for afew
seconds.
If this light comes on and stays while driving, youhave a problem with the
Speed Sensitive Suspension or theSpeed Sensitive Steering system. See
your Cadillac dealer forthe properservice of this system.
129
Fuel Datu Center
Your Fuel Data Centertells you all you want to know about your rue1
situation. Here’s how it works:
This shows how much fuel you have in
your tank.
“F” means “Full.”
“E” means you’re almost empty.
FLASHING “E”means: stop for fuel
immediately or you’ll run out.
130
--
Your Fuel Data Center has five buttons. Here’s what they do:
INST (Instantaneous Fuel Economy),
Push this and you’ll see
what your fuel
economy is at that
instant. The computer
takes a new reading
twice every second. It
will show economy up
to 70 miles per gallon
(or, in metric, 2 litres
per 100 kilometers).
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AVG (Average Fuel Economy),
I
This reading is your
average fuel economy
since the last time you
reset the system. “Avg”
shows total distance
divided by the total
fuel used.
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RANGE
~ , . - ~ , ~ - ~ ~ . ~ ‘ ~ - - ~ ~ .....
, ~*....~............
- ~ ~<,, ~. ..~. .~.~. . . ,. -. ,. ~. .- .~.
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A
This shows howfar the
computer thinks you
can go with the fuel
that’s in yourtank.
When you get downto
40 miles to go (or, in
metric, 64 km) it just
says “L,” which means
“LOW.” You should
then getfuel right
away.
*
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Your computer needsenough data for theRANGE reading to work,
however, so it will read L for a while whenyour Cadillac is brand new
(under 25 miles). Also, it will show L for a while if your battery has been
disconnected.
FUEL USED
a
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This reading shows
how muchfuel you’ve
used since youlast
reset the system. It
returns to zero after
99.9 gallons (or, in
metric, 379 liters).
II
“Fuel Used” can tell you the least costly way to make a familiar trip.
Here’s how youmight use it for your commute towork:
EXPRESSWAY ROUTE
34 MILES
20.1 MPG
1.7 GALLONS USED
24 MILE!
7 8.5 MPG
1.3 GALLONS USED
L
Using FUEL USED, you would find that you wouldsave money in fuel
costs by taking the directroute towork, even though fuel economy was
better on thefreeway route.
RESET
Push this to return
“Avg” and “Fuel Used”
to zero.
.... ~.,....,
. ....- . .. .i
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. I . .
Oil Life Indicator
Your Cadillac has an Oil Life Indicator feature.This tells you when you
need tochange your engine oil. It’s based upon the engine oil
temperatures andyour driving patterns.
Fwc-
Press and hold the
Range and Fuel Used
buttons to display the
oil lifepercentage.
ta Center
c
l
You’ll see how much oil lifeyou have left, as a percentage. So if you see
“94” for example, that means that theway you’re driving your vehicle,
left.
94% of your current oil life is still
The “CHANGE OIL SOON” light will come on for a few seconds as a
bulb check when you start your engine. The light will also come on for 20
seconds following engine start-up when either theoil life percentage is
less the 10% or 7,500 miles (12500 km) have been driven. The system
probably will say to change the oil between 3000 miles (5000 km)and
7500 miles (12500 km), but it may even say to change it before 3000 miles
under severe conditions. It all depends onyour driving patterns. (If it
doesn’t, or if it doesn’t even lightup, thensomething is wrong. You will
need to have it serviced.)
There are two things the system won’t do: Itcan’t sense heavy dust in the
places where you drive. If you drive ina dusty area, you should change
your oil every 3000 miles (5000 km) or 3 months (whichever comes first),
unless the “CHANGEOIL SOON” light comes on sooner.
It doesn’t check how much oil you have so you will still haveto check for
that. To check it, see theIndex under “EngineOil.”
When You’ve Changed the Oil
When new oil isput in, you’ll need to reset your system. To do that, press
and hold the “Range”and “Reset” buttons between 5 and 60 seconds.
L.
c
Once the buttons are released the “CHANGE OIL SOON” light will
flash 4 times to indicate it has reset to 100.
If the “CHANGEOIL SOON” light comes on and stays on for5 seconds,
it did not reset. You’ll need to reset the system again.
SPEED SENSITIVE SUSPENSION
(SSS SYSTEM)
The Speed Sensitive Suspension System (SSS) automatically controls the
firmness of your Cadillac’s ride. Thevehicle is controlled by an actuator
in each of the four struts to increase ride
firmness depending on vehicle
speed and otherdriving conditions. There are threedampening modes:
COMFORT, NORMAL, andFIRM. As the vehicle speed increases, the
firmness of the suspension increases. The system is inCOMFORT for
speeds less than 28 mph, NORMAL for speedsbetween 28 and 65 mph,
and FIRM for speeds greater than65 mph. The system also stiffens
damping during hard acceleration,braking and cornering ,forincreased
control.
The SSS controller is a computerused to control and monitorthe system.
The computer receives speed, accelerationand determines optimum
mode strutvalving (or suspension stiffness) for your current operating
conditions. The computer also receivesfeedback fromthe struts to
determine proper system operation. If the computer receives an incorrect
feedback from thesystem, an error code will be setin memory and a
“SERVICE SSS” light will come on andstay on until the problem is
corrected. If this light should appear, have your vehicle servicedat your
earliest convenience.
SPEED S E N S I T m STEERING
This system varies the amount of steering effort proportionateto your
vehicle speed. Steeringis easier at a lower speed forincreased
maneuverability and parking ease.As your vehiclespeed increases, the
steering effortis also increased proportionately.At highway speeds the
amount of steering effortis greatly increased to provide a manual like
steering feel for maximum control and enhancedvehicle stability.
135
TRACTION CONTROL (OPTION)
If you have this feature, this brakeonly Traction Control complements
your anti-lock braking system.
Traction Control regulates tirespin during low-speed acceleration and
steady driving.
The Traction Control Brake-Only System uses the same wheel speed
sensors used by your Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS). When wheel slip is
detected by the wheel sensors, the electronic controlmodule sends a
signal to thebrake pressure modulator to apply pressure pulses to the
brakes. Traction is then maximized and your vehicle is enabled to
accelerate or continue driving witha controlled amount of tire slip. This
low-speed system controls tireslippage and is fullyfunctional until you
reach a speed of 24 mph and then the traction controlis gradually phased
out as your vehicle reaches 30 mph. To keep you informed of changing
road conditions the “TRACTIONACTIVE” telltale light will illuminate
when the system is activated.
Because this is a brake only Traction Control system, itis designed to
protect your vehicles powertrain components. The system will
temporarily by disabled should the brakes or transaxle reach excessively
high temperatures and prolonged use of traction control. The
“TRACTION OFF” telltale light in the instrument panel informs you
when this system isnot in operation.
ELECTRONIC LEVEL CONTROL
This keeps your vehicle level.
The ignition does nothave to be“ON” for thelevel control to work. The
system consists of an electronic height sensor, a small electric air
compressor, and air adjustableshock absorbers mounted on the rearof
the vehicle.
If the system has a slight leak, the air compressor will run frequently for a
few seconds each time.
For a massive air leak, the air compressor will stay on for approximately 7
minutes. You should see your dealer for service, but you can keep driving
your Cadillac.
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COMFORT CONTROLS AND AUDIO SYSTEMS
In this section you'll find out how to operate the
comfort controlsystems
and audiosystems offered with your Cadillac. Be sure toread about the
particular system supplied with your vehicle.
YOUR CADILLAC AIR SYSTEM
This part tells you how to make your Electronic Climate Controlwork for
you.
Outside Air
Outside airalways flows through your Cadillac when the car is moving.
Even if the caris not moving, you can always get outside air toflow
through by selecting any air choice (except the rearwindow defogger).
Air Outlets
Here's how to adjust the instrument panel air outlets:
Move the centerlever to direct airflow from side to side.
Move the side lever down to stop theair flow.
III
Here's how to adjust the rearseating air outlets:
I
!
Turn the center dial to directthe air flow through the vents or at the
floor.
138
Electronic Climate Control
Here’s how your system works:
OfF
€con
Auto
w
Q@
‘to
*
Hi’
Outside Temp.
Push the “Outside Temp” button to get the theoutside temperature
(unless the system isoff). Push it again to theregular system display.
CoolerlWarmer
To choose the
temperature you want
inside the car, push the
cooler or warmer
button.
139
You can choose from 65 F (18 ’C) to 85 F (29 ’C). And, at each end,
you may choose 60 F (16 ’C), for maximum cooling,and 90 F (33 ’C),
for maximum heating.
Then, you have these choices:
Off
Nothing is on, but airwill flow rnrough your vehicle
if you are moving.
The system will attempt to maintain the chosen temperature, butmay
never reach it,because the blower motor will not operate.
Econ
Use “Econ”in coldor cool weather, because it saves fuel by not allowing
the A/C compressor to run.But it doesn’t remove humidity from the air.
If it’s so warm outside thatyou need to cool the air,use the next choice.
Auto
In “Auto” its all automatic.
If your car is sitting out on a hot day and you have it set on “Auto”, the air
will first flow out thefloor air ducts for a few seconds. That’s normal.
This is to prevent a blast of hot air hitting you.
I1
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J
Fan Speeds
mblower
The speed of the
fan is usually
I
I
controlled
automatically if you
have the fan on“Auto
Fan”. However, if you
want the blower fan to
run only at high speed,
push the “Hi” button
until you see “Hi Fan”
on the display.
If you want the blower to run only at low speed, push the “Lo7’button
until you see “Lo Fan” on thedisplay. If you want the system to be
automatic, butyou like the fan speeda little higher than the “Auto Fan”
speed, push the “LO”or “Hi” button until you see the “HiFan Auto Fan”
u
140
on thedisplay. To get a fan speed thatis a little lower than the“Auto Fan”
speed, push the “Lo” or “Hi” button
until you see the“Auto Fan Lo Fan”
on thedisplay.
When first starting your vehicle with a cold engine, the fan speed will
gradually increase as the temperatureof the engine coolant increases.
Defiost
To get fog or ice off the
windshield, push the
Defrost button.
It will help a lot if you first clearany iceand snow from the hood and the
air inlet(it’s between the hood and thewindshield). The fan speed
operation is delayed if the engine is not at its normal operating
temperature.
Heated Windshield (Option)
Front De-Ice
Here’s how to use your heated windshield in cold weather to remove ice
or frost quickly:
1. If any snow is piled up on thewindshield, brush it away.
2. Start your Cadillac and leave it in P (“Park”).
3. Push the switch. A
light will come on
to tell you it is
working.
The system will go off after a four minute heating cycle (two minutes if
you shift out of “P” (Park) within the first two minutes of the cycle). If
you want it to cycle again, push the switch. It will go on for two minute
cycles after that.If it has cleared your windshield before the cycle isover,
you can turnit off by just pushing the switch again.
In warm weather the heatedwindshield system helps keep thevehicle’s
interior cool by blocking much of the sun’s heat producing radiation. The
system’s solar control propertiesalso help reduce interior fading.
There is a metal film in the windshield which will blockout some radio or
microwave signals.Therefore, the heated windshield will reduce the
useful range of devices suchas garage door openersand radar detectors.
(In certain states radar detectors
are legal.)
Rear Window Defogger
To get fog or ice off the
rear window, push the
Rear Defogger button.
With it, your rear window and both outside rearview mirrors are warmed.
To turn it off, push the button again. After 10 minutes, it will go off by
itself. To make it go longer, just push the button again.
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.I
..
.
.
Electronic Solar Sensor
The Electronic Solar Sensor is part of the Electronic Climate Control
System. It is located on topof your instrument panel speaker grill.
The sensor monitors
the sun's solar
radiation by telling the
Electronic Climate
Control system what
angle and the intensity
the sun is at. The
Electronic Climate
Control thencan
automatically make
the necessary
temperature
adjustments.
AUDIO SYSTEMS
Your Dekoa sound system has been designed to operateeasily and give
years of listening pleasure. But you will get themost enjoyment out of it if
you acquaint yourself withit first. Find out what your Delcoa system can
do and how to operate all its controls, to be sure
you're getting the most
out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
A
CAUTION:
Hearing damage from loud noise is almostundetectable until it
is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound.
Sound that seems normal can be loud and harmful toyour
hearing. Take precautions by adjusting thevolume control on
your radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts toit.
To help avoid hearing lossor damage:
Adjust the volume control to thelowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and
clearly.
NOTILL:
L
-,fore you add any 3ound cyuipmcllt tt, =ourvCllicle -- like
:ape player, CB radio, mobile telephone or two-way radio -- be
sure you can addwhat you want. If you can, it's very importan
;odo it properly. Addedsound equipmentmay interfere with t
,peration of your vehicle's engine, Delcos radioor other
systems, and even damage them. And, your vehicle's system
ay interfere with the operationof sound equipment that h
been ad( 1 improper
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De sure tocnecK Federa.
. ephone units.
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--bile radio a1
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals will reach only
about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And, tall buildings or hills can
interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go.
AM
The range formost AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at
night. The longer range,however, can cause stations to interferewith
each other.AM can pickup noise fromthings like storms andpower
lines. Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
This meansyour radio can produce quality AM sound comparable toFM
stereo. AMAX3 reduces noise without reducing the high frequencies you
need for the best sound. In addition
to improved sound quality, AMAX8
includes more stationon theAM band. You don’t have to doanything in
your radio because AMAX@is automatic.
AM Stereo
This means the Delco@system can receive C-QUAM8 stereobroadcasts.
Many AM stations aroundthe country use C-QUAM3 toproduce stereo,
though somedo not. (C-QUAM@is a registered trademarkof Motorola,
Inc.) If your Delco@system can get C-QUAMa,your “STEREO” light
will come onwhen you’re receivingit.
How To Operate Your Sound System
Does your Cadillac have the Compact Disc Music Systemor an Export
Radio?
If s o , please turn aheadto the part that
describes your system.If
please keep reading.
a,
145
Pwr (Power)
The power (or PWR)
button turnsyour
system on and off
unless you have a Bose
system. If you do,
rotate the upperknob
to turn it on and off.
Your vehiclehas Retained Accessory Power (RAP). When you stop your
vehicle and turn the ignition key to “Off”, you can still use your radio.
The electrical power to the radiowill not shut off until you open a door
or 10 minutes has passed. If you want this power for another 10 minutes,
just turn thekey to “Run”and then back to “Off”.
.
The UpperKnob
The upper knob does these three things:
0 It controls the volume.
0 It lets you see what station you have. (When the radio is on, push the
knob to display the station).
0 It tells you the time. (When the ignition is off, push the knob to
display the time.)
Unless you have a Bose system,behind the upper knob is a balance
control. Itmoves the sound between the leftand right speakers. Bose
systems are already balanced from left to right, so they don’tneed that
control.
The Lower h o b
Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations. Push it to get AM or FM.
..
c _
. .
The control behind the lower knob moves the sound between your front
and rear speakers.
SCAN
When you push “SCAN”,the radio will find the next station and stay
there a few seconds. Then it will go to thenext station andpause, and
keep doing that. When you want it to stop,just push SCAN again.
SEEK
When you push “SEEK”, it also chooses stations, butit doesn’t keep
moving as SCAN does. When you push SEEK, the radio goes to thenext
station andstays there.
Push Buttons
I
You can set thepush
buttons to get upto
eight favorite stations
(four on AM and four
more on FM). Just:
a Tune in the station.
0
Push the SET button.
Within 5 seconds, push one of the four push buttons.
Repeat these steps for each station you select.
If you want to, you can pre-set up to three more favorite stations on AM
and up to three more on FM. To do that, use the buttons in pairs, like this:
Tune in the station.
0
0
0
0
Push the SET button.
Push any two of the push buttons that are next to each other.
Repeat these steps foreach station you select. Whenever you push
those buttons together,you’ll get the stationyou selected.
Your Cassette Tape Player
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes thatare 30 to 45 minutes
long on each side. Tapes longer than that use such thin tape that they may
not work well in this player.
Tu Play A Cassette Tape
A
Have the radio on.
Insert the tape squarely through the tape door.
The longer side with the tapevisible goes in first. If you hear nothing or
hear justa garbled sound, it may not be in squarely. Push EJECT to
remove the tapeand start over.
Once the tape is playing, use the upper and lower knobs for volume
and balance, just as you do for radio. The arrows show which side of
the tape is playing.
To go forward to another partof the tapepush FWD. To go Wackward,
push REV. To stop the tape, push the other buttonlightly.
To go from one side of the tape to the other,push in the upper knob
on your radio. To remove or stop the tape,push EJECT
148
7
If you do not have a Bose system, then please keep reading here. If you
do have a Bose system, then please skip over to thepages that describe
those systems.
Your Graphic Equalizer
Your equalizer lets you
set thebass, midrange
and treble to sound
just theway you want.
The 60 and 250
controls work the bass
side. Midrange is the
1K. The 3.5K and 10K
are treble sound
controls.
J gives you more sound in that range.
Moving one of these controlsU
Moving it down gives you less.
We suggest that you start with the midrange (1K) control in the center.
Then move the othercontrols until you get thesound you want.
11 you have the 10K control at or near the
top, you may hear a “hiss”. To
eliminate it, move the 10K control down until the “hiss” goes away.
Loud (Loudness Button)
The loudness button is next to the power button. Push it to get morebass
sound. This is especially useful at lower volume levels.
AM St (AM Stereo)
The AM Stereo buttonis just below the power button. Push this when
you tune toan AM station thatbroadcasts in stereo. Your “STEREO”
light will come on when you’re receiving AM Stereo. (The“STEREO”
light also comes on for an FM stereo
station, butyou don’t have to push a
button for that.)If you push “Am St” and thereis more noise, it means
the stationis weak. You’ll hear that station better
if you don’t use “Am
St” Justpush the “Am St” buttonagain to deletestereo.
Push-Freq (Program)
Push the upperknob when playing a tape toswitch from one side of the
tape tothe other.
-.
Search
C
r
When you’re playing a tape, Search lets you jump aheadquickly to the
start of the next selection. It makes the tape stopwhen it gets to the next
place with 4 seconds or more of silence. To use Search:
0
Slide Search to the right, then
Push Fwd.
If you want to go back and heara selection you’ve just heard, Search will
do that too. Justslide Search to theright and then push REV. The tape
will go back to thelast silent place and start again from there.
Choose the right bias(or “equalization”) for your tape.
On your radio, you’ll find a CrOiM
button:
Now look at your tape, or on its label or box. It should say whether its
bias (“equalization”) is 70 microseconds (70 u)or 120 microseconds (120
u).If it doesn’t say, chrome and metal tapes are 70 ,u sec and standard
iron tapesare 120 u sec.
For 70, push the Cr02 button in.For 120, itshould be out.
If you don’t do this, the tape will still play, but the sound will not be as
good as your systemcan provide.
r
c
Delco Bose System
Does your Cadillac have this Delco-Bose system?
r
7
-
-
If it does, then please keep reading here.
If not, then please turn ahead
to
the part thatdescribes your system.
Setting the Tone
BASS Move this lever up to hear more bass.
TREBLE Move this lever up to hear more treble.
For the clearest sound, keep both
of these all the way up. If a station is
weak and noisy, you can move TREBLE down to reduce the noise.
DNR@*This is the Dynamic Noise Reduction button. Ithelps remove
background hiss noise from the radio or tape player. You may wantto
leave it pushed inall the time.
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*DNR@is a registered trademarkof National Semiconductor
Corporation.
151
To Play a Cassette Tape
Have the radio on.
Insert the tape into the door
marked “AUTO REVERSE”. Thelonger
side with the tapevisible goes in first.
Once the tapeis playing, the Volume, Treble, Bass,DNR@and speaker
balance controls work just as they do for theradio.
Cr02/M(Chromium DioxideIMetal)
Choose the right bias (or “equalization”) for your tape. Your tape, onits
label or box, should say whether its bias (or “equalization”) is 70
microseconds (70 p) or 120 microseconds (120 p). If it doesn’t say,
120 p
chrome and metal tapes are 70 1.1sec and standard iron tapes are
sec.
For 70, push the Cr02/M button in. For 120, itshould be &. If you don’t
do this, the tapewill still play,but the sound will not be as good as your
system can provide.
Arrows Below Tape Door
These show whichside of the tapeis playing. When the lighted arrow
points up (A), selections listed on top of the cassetteare playing. When
the arrow points down (v), selections on the bottom are playing.
Push-Freq (Program)
To go from one side of the tape tothe other,push in the upper knob. The
tape automatically changes sides when tape reaches the end.
Fwd (Forward)
Press this to move the tapeforward; press REV toreturn to playing
speed.
Rev (Reverse)
Press this to move the taperapidly backward; press FWD toreturn to
playing speed.
152
-
Search (Music Search)
-
This feature makes it easy to play a tapeselection again, or toskip to the
next selection. To use it, slide Search to theright. You’ll see the Search
indicator light go on.
To Play A Tape SelectionAgain:
With Search on, press Rev. The tapewill goback to thebeginning of the
selection that is playing.
~
To Play The Next Selection:
-
With Search on, press Fwd. The tapewill stop when it gets to thenext
place with 4 seconds or more of silence.
Dolby @
-
-
This featureautomatically removes noise on Dolby8 encoded tapes(no
button is required).
To Eject A Tape
To remove or stop the tape, push Eject.
*Dolby3 is a registered trademarkof Dolby Laboratories.
153
The Delco43ose Gold Series CompactDisc Music
System
1
To Play the Radio
The “Power” button turns theradio on and off.
The Volume (or Vol) button adjusts the volume up or down. (Press the
center to get a preset level.)
am-fm Button
Push this to get AM or FM. (The lighted display showsyour selection.)
Seek
Push the Seek button to go to thenext station and stay there. Push again
and it will find the next station, and so on.
Scan
Push to heareach station for afew seconds. Push it again when you hear
something you like and want to stay there.
154
Tune
This button tuneswhile the buttonis held. Also, push A and then v at the
same time to tuneup quickly. Push v and then A at thesame time to tune
down quickly.
Push Buttons
The five push buttons
let you return to
favorite stations. They
are also used when you
play a disc.
(5 AM and 5 FM),
To set the push buttons forup to ten favorite stations
just
0 Tune in the station
0
Push SET
Within 5 seconds, push one of the push buttons. Whenever you push
that button, the preset station
will return.
Rcl (Recall)
Press to go between time and frequency on the display.
You’ll get stereoby just tuning to any AM or FM station broadcasting in
stereo. (“ST” will show on the display).
am-st (Am Stereo)
Push the “am-st” buttonif you don’t want AM Stereo, aswhen the station
is weak or noisy. (“ST”will go off the display.)
To Adjust The Tone (Bass or Treb)
Press Bass A to increase bass, or Bass v to decrease. (Press the centerto
get a recommended setting).
Press Treb A to increase treble, or Treb to decrease. (Press the center to
get a recommended setting).
-
To Balance The FrontAnd Rear Speakers (Fade)
Press Fade A to increase thesound in the front,or Fade v to increase the
sound in the rear. (Pressing in the centerbalances the sound.)
The sound is factory-balanced between the left and right speakers, so
there is no button for that.
c..
To Play a Compact Disc
.
.
Before you begin, please note: don’t use the mini-discs that are called
“singles”. They won’t eject. Use full-size compact discs.
If the disc player is veryhot, or if you’re driving on avery rough road, a
disc may come out, not play or skip.
As soon as things get back to normal, the disc should play again.
Press Power to turn thesystem on.
r
rn
Insert a disc partway
into theslot, label side
up.The player will pull
it in. Wait a few
seconds and the disc
should play.
k..
If the disc comes back out, check whether:
0 The disc is upside down
a It is dirty, scratched, or wet
7
0
There’s too much moisture in the air (If there is, wait about one hour
and try again).
Rcl(Recall)
Press “Rcl” button to see
what track is playing.Press it again within 5
seconds to seehow long it has been playing.
-
~
~
-
The track numberalso appears when you change the volume or when a
new track startsto play.
Prev (Previous)
Press “Prev” button toplay a track again.
If you hold this button, orpress it more than once, the disc will return to
previous tracks.
Press “Next” button to hearthe next track now (instead of waiting until
the present trackis finished).
If you hold this button, or press it more than once, the disc will advance
further.
-
Rev (Reverse)
Press and hold “Rev” button to returnrapidly to a favoritepassage.
Release it to play the passage.
FF (Fast
Forward)
Press and hold “FF” button to advance quickly within a track.Release it
to resume playing.
Comp (Compression)
_
I
Pressing the “Comp” buttonmakes soft and loud passages more nearly
equal in volume.
157
To stop thedisc player:
Press the Dower button or turnthe ignition key off. The disc stays in
the player and will resume playing at the point where it stopped.
OR
I
PressSt/Pl
(Stop/Play). The
disc willstop and
.. .
._
the radiowill play.
Press
St/Pl to
-.
. .^.
restart the disc. It
will resume playing
at thepoint where
it stopped.
.
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OR
Press Ejct. The disc willeject and the radio will play. The disc will start
at track 1when yuu insert it again.
Settiplg T%e Clock (Cussette Player)
Have the radio C J ignition
~
on. Then:
TOSet the Hour:
Push Set, and within 5 seconds,
Push Scan. Hold itin until the clock gets to the correcthour. Then let
ro Set Minutes:
Push Set, and within 5 seconds,
Push Seek. Hold it in until theclock gets to the correct minute.Then
let go.
Your clockis set.
158
I
0
Setting The Clock (CD Player)
Have the radioor ignition on. Then:
To Set the Hour:
Push Set, and within 5 seconds,
0
Push Seek. Hold it in until the clock gets to the correct hour. Thenlet
go*
To Set Minutes:
e Push Set, and within 5 seconds,
Push Scan. Hold it in until the clock gets to thecorrect minute. Then
let go.
Your clock isset.
0
To Play This Radio (Export Only)
PWR
_-
To turn theradio on, press the PWR button.
159
The controlbehind the upperknob allows youto balance the sound
between the right and left speakers.
The Lower Knob
Turn the lower knob to tuneradio stations. The tune
knob increases and
decreases frequency when it is slightly rotated against the spring load.
Push it to get AM or FM.
The controlbehind the lower knob fades thesound between your front
and rear speakers.
RCL
It tells you the time. (When the ignition is off, push RCL to display the
time.) With the radioon, when the time is displayed,push it to see the
frequency.
SEEK
Pressing the SEEK A or v button will cause the receiver to seek the next
higher or lower station andstop.
SCAN
When you press SCAN, the radiowill go to thenext station and pause
and keep doing that until you press SCAN again.
- Pushbuttons
-
The five pushbuttons letyou return tofavorite stations.You can set the
pushbuttons for upto tenfavorite stations(5 AM and 5 FM). Just:
Tune in the station you want to listen to.
Press the SETpushbutton. (NOTE: The display will showSET for
about 5 seconds.)
Within the 5 seconds, push one of the five pushbuttons. SET will
disappear fromthe display withthe station set.
-_
0
Whenever you press that button, the preset station
will return.
Clock
.~
To set theclock, just:
0
-.
0
0
Press the SETbutton.
Within 5 seconds, press and hold SCAN until the correct hour appears
on the display.
Press and hold SEEK A or until the correct minute appears on the
display.
- To Adjust The Tone
--
c
_
Use the levers next to the display to set the
bass, midrange, and treble
until you get the sound you want. The 60 and 250 levers adjust the bass;
1K is midrange; and 3.5K and 10K control the treble.
We suggest youstart with the centerlever (E)
in the midpoint position.
Then move the others up or
down until you get the amount of bass and
treble you like.
To Play a Cassette (Export Only)
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are 30 to 45 minutes
long on each side. Tapeslonger than that are so thin they may not work
well in this player.
With the radio on, press tape
a into the slot marked
AUTO REVERSE
(tape side goes in first).
161
Once the tapeis playing,use the upper andlower knobs for volume,
balance, and fade justas you did for radio.The arrow in the graphic
display above the word TAPE indicates which side of the tape is being
played.
PROG
To go from one side of the tape to the other,
press the PROG button.
CrOt
This button sets the tape
bias. When playing highbias chrome or metal
tapes, press the button to turn the Cr02 on in the graphic display. When
playing standard bias tapes, press again to turn the CrO2 off.
REV
To rapidly reverse the tape,press REV and the tapewill rapidly reverse
to thebeginning of the tape oruntil you press the REV button lightly.
To rapidly advance the tape,press FWD and the tapewill rapidly go
forward to theend of the tape oruntil you press the FWD button lightly.
PREV
To hear a passage on the tape thathas just played, press PREV and the
tape will back up and stopat either thefirst 4-second quiet spot in the
tape or when you press PREV again.
NEXT
To go immediately to thenext selection on thetape, press NEXT A
4-second quiet interval must be present for the tape to stop.
EJECT
To remove or stop the tapeand switch to radio,press the EJECTbutton.
ST-PL
To immediately switch from tape toradio, press the ST-PL button and the
radio will resume playing the station thatwas tuned in when youinserted
a tape.Pressing ST-PL again will allowthe tape toresume whereit
stopped.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleanedregularly can cause reducedsound
quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapesshould
be stored in their cases away from contaminants, directsunlight, and
extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operateproperly or cause
failure of the tapeplayer.
Your tape player should be cleanedregularly each month or after
every
15 hours of use. If you notice a reductionin sound quality, try a known
player is at fault.If this other
good cassette to see if the tape or the tape
cassette has no improvementin sound quality, clean the tapeplayer.
Clean your tape player with a wiping-action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, andfollow the directions provided with it.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the soundquality may degrade over
time. Always make sure thatthe cassette tape is in good condition before
you have your tape player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
r
Handle discs carefully.Store themin their original cases or other
protective cases and away from directsunlight and dust. If the surface of
a disc is soiled, dampen a clean,
soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution andclean it, wiping from the center to the
edge.
??
-
. .
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pickup
discs by grasping the outeredges or the edge of the hole and the outer
edge.
Power AntennaMast Care
Your power antenna will look its best and work well if it’scleaned from
time to time.
To Clean the Antenna Mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna tofull mast
extension.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe cloth over the mast sections, removing any dirt.
4. Wipe dry withclean cloth before retracting.
5. Make the antennago up and down by turning the radio or ignition on
and off.
6. Then repeat if necessary.
164
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J
make the powerantenna go down. This will prevent themas
from possibly getting damaged. If the antennadoes not go d
cleaned. In either case, lo
pressing the antenna down
If the mast portion of your antenna is damaged, you can easily replace it.
See your dealer for a replacement
kit and follow the instructions in the
kit.
165
YOUR DRIVING ANDTHE ROAD
C
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and
in varyingweather conditions. We’ve also included manyother useful tips
on driving.
ROAD SIGNS
The road signs you see everywhere are coded by color, shape and
symbols. It’s agood idea to know these codes so that you can quickly
grasp the basic meaning or intent of the sign even before you have a
chance to read it.
166
.
Color of Road Signs
n
\
[ST0 P
k
r ‘DO
NOT’!
~ N T E R
J
WRONG I
WAY
- A
RED means STOP It may also indicate that somemovement is not
allowed. Examples are DO NOT ENTER and WRONG WAY.
.
NO
PASSING
.
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RAILROAD
ADVANCE
CROSSING
NO PASSING
ZONE
NARROW
BRIDGE
YELLOW indicates a general warning. Slow down and be careful when
you see a yellow sign. It may signal a railroad crossing ahead, a no passing
zone, or some other potentially dangerous situation. Likewise, a yellow
solid line painted on theroad means “Don’t Cross.”
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A
LOW
SHOULDER
WORKERS
AHEAD
FLAGGER
AHEAD
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ORANGE indicates road construction or maintenance. You’ll want to
slow downwhen you see an orangesign, as partof the road may be closed
off or torn up. And there may be workers and maintenance vehicles
around, too.
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GREEN is used to guide the driver. Green signs mayindicate upcoming
freeway exits or show the direction you should turn to reach a particular
place.
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I
HOSPITAL
INFORMATION
BLUE signs with whiteletters show motorists’ services.
CANOEING
SWIMMING
BROWN signs point out recreation areas
or points of historic or cultural
interest.
Shape of Road Signs
The shape of the sign will tell you something, too.
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An OCTAGONAL (eight-sided) sign means STOP. It is alwaysred with
white letters.
A DIAMOND-shaped sign is a warning of something ahead -for
example, a curve, steep hill, soft shoulder, or a narrow bridge.
A TRIANGLE, pointed downward, indicates YIELD.It assigns the
right-of-way to traffic on certain approaches to an intersection.
A TRIANGULAR sign also is used on two-lane roads to indicatea NO
PASSING ZONE. This sign will be on theleft side of the roadway.
KEEP
ONLY
RIGHT
LEFT OR
THROUGH
TURN
RIGHT
RECTANGULAR (square oroblong) signs showspeed limits, parking
regulations, give directions, and such information as distances to cities.
Symbols on Road Signs
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There aremany international road signs inuse today.
The basic message of many of these signs is inpictures or graphic
symbols. A picture within a circle with a diagonal line across it shows
what not to do.
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TRAFFIC LIGHTS
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We’re all familiar with traffic lights or stop lights. Often green arrows are being used in the lights for improved traffic control. Onsome multilane
roads, greenarrows light up, indicating that traffic in one ormore lanes
can move or make a turn. Green arrows don’t mean “go no matterwhat.’’
You’ll still need toproceed with caution, yielding the right of way to
pedestrians and sometimes to othervehicles.
Some traffic lights also use red arrows to signify that you must stop before
turning on red.
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LANE ON
MULTILANE
ROADWAY
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Many city roads and expressways, and even bridges, use reversible-lane
traffic control during rush hours. A red X light above a lane means no
driving inthat laneat thattime. A green arrow means you may drive in
that lane. Look for the signs posted to warn drivers what hours and days
these systems are in effect.
PAVEMENT M W N G S
Pavement markings add to traffic signs and signals. They give information
to drivers without taking attention from the roadway. A solid yellowline
on your side of the road or lane means “don’t cross.”
- YOUR OWN SIGNALS
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Drivers signal to others, too. It’s not only more polite,it’s safer to let
other drivers know what you are doing. And in some places the law
requires driver signals.
Turn and lane changesignals. Always signal when you plan to turn or
change lanes.
If necessary, you can use hand signals out thewindow: Left arm straight
out for a left turn,down for slow or about-to-stop, and up fora right turn.
Slowing down.If time allows, tap the brakepedal once or twice in
advance of slowing or stopping. This warns the driver behind you.
Disabled. Your four-way flashers signal that your vehicle is disabled or is
a hazard. See “HazardWarning Flashers” in the Index.
- TRAFFIC OFFICER
The traffic police officer is also a source of important information. The
officer’s signals govern, no matterwhat the traffic lights or othersigns
say.
The next section discusses some of the road conditions you may
encounter.
DEFENSIKE D m N G
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your Cadillac: Buckle
up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “beready for anything.” On city streets,
rural roads,or freeways, itmeans “always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or otherdrivers are going to be careless and
make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Beready for their
mistakes.
Expect children to dash out from behind parked cars, often followed by
other children. Expect occupants in parked carsto open doors intotraffic.
Watch for movement in parked cars-- someone may be about to opena
door.
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Expect other drivers to run stopsigns when you are on a through street.
Be ready to brake if necessary as you go through intersections. You may
not have to use the brake, but if you do, you will be ready.
If you’re driving through a shopping center parking lot where there are
well-marked lanes, directional arrows, and designated parking areas,
expect some drivers to ignore all these markings and dash straight toward
one partof the lot.
Pedestrians can be careless. Watch for them. In general, you must give
way to pedestrians even if you know you havethe right of way.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they
are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive
driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
Here’s a final bit of information about defensive driving. The most
dangerous time for driving inthe U.S. is veryearly on Sunday morning. In
fact, GM Research studies show that themost and theleast dangerous
times for driving, everyweek, fall on thesame day. That day isSunday.
The most dangerous time is Sunday from 3 a.m. to 4 a.m. The safest time
is Sunday from 10 a.m. to 11a.m. Driving the same distance on aSunday
at 3 a.m. isn’t just a little more dangerous than it is at 10 a.m. It’s about
134 times more dangerous!
That leads to thenext section.
DRUNKEN D R M N G
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national
tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to thehighway death toll,
claiming thousands of victims every year. Alcohol takes away three things
that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:
Judgment
0 Muscular Coordination
Vision
Police records show that half of all motor vehicle-related deaths involve
alcohol - a driver, a passenger or someone else, such as a pedestrian,
had been drinking. In most cases, these deaths are theresult of someone
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who wasdrinking and driving. Over 25,000 motor vehicle-related deaths
occur each year becauseof alcohol, and thousandsof people are injured.
Just how much alcohol is too much if a personplans to drive? Ideally, no
one should drinkalcohol and then drive. But if one does, thenwhat’s “too
much”? It can be a lot
less than many mightthink. Although it depends
on each person and situation, here
is some general information onthe
problem.
The Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends
upon fourthings:
How much alcohol is in the drink.
0 The drinker’s body weight.
a The amount of food that is consumed before and duringdrinking.
0 The length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol.
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According to theAmerican Medical Association, a 180-pound (82 kg)
person who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will
end upwith a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glassesof wine or three
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mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin
or vodka.
It’s the amountof alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person
drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an
hour, the person’s BAC wouldbe close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a slightly lower
BAC level.
DRINKING THAT WILL
RESULT IN A BAC OF .05°/o
IN THE TIME SHOWN
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3 HOURS
6
2 HOURS
NUMBER
OF DRINKS
ISIn picture)
1 HOUR
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120
140
160
180
200
220
240
BODY WEIQHT I N POUNDS
The law in most US. states sets thelegal limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent.
In Canada thelimit is 0.08 percent, and in some other countriesit’s lower
than that.The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after threeto six drinks (in
one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in
the drinks, and how quicklythe person drinks them.
But it’s very important to keep in mind that the ability to drive .is affected
well belowa BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and
that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels
above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in an accident
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A
driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent (three beersin one hour fora
180-pound or 82 kg person) has doubled his or her chance of having an
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accident. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of that driver having
an accident is six times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chances are
twenty-five times greater! And,the body takes about an hourto rid itself
of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up.
“I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a
need to take sudden action, aswhen a child darts into the street?A
person with a higher BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to
avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that many people
don’t know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can
make crash injuries worse. That’s especially true for brain,spinal cord
and heart injuries. That means that if anyone who has been drinking -driver or passenger -- is in a crash, the chance of being killed or
permanently disabled is higher than if that person had not beendrinking.
And we’ve already seen that the chance of a crash itself is higher for
drinking drivers.
*
Drinking and then drivingis very dangerous. Your reflexes,
perceptions, and judgment will be affectedby even a small
amount of alcohol. You could have a serious or even fatal
accident if you drive after drinking. Please don’t drink and drive
or ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride home’ina cab;
or if you’re with a p u p , designate a driver
who will not drink
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CONTROL OF A WHICLE
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You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to
go. They are thebrakes, the steering andthe accelerator. All three
systems have to dotheir work at theplaces where the tiresmeet the road.
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Sometimes, as when you’re drivingon snow or ice, it’s easyto ask more of
those controlsystems than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle.
BRAKING
Braking action involves perception time and reactiontime.
First, you have to decide to push on the brakepedal. That’s perception
time. Then you haveto bring upyour foot and do it. That’sreaction time.
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Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that’s only an
average. It might be less withone driver and as long as two or three
seconds or morewith another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesight all playa part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4of a second, a vehicle movingat 60 mph (100
km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be alot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicleand others is
important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatlywith the surfaceof
the road (whetherit’s pavement or gravel); the condition of the road
(wet, dry, icy); tire tread;and the condition of your brakes.
Most drivers treat their brakeswith care. Some, however, overworkthe
braking system withpoor driving habits.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some peopledrive in spurts -- heavy
acceleration followed by heavy braking -- rather thankeeping pace
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with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Yourbrakes will wear out much faster if you do a
lot of heavy braking.
a Don’t “ride” the brakes by letting your left foot rest lightly on the
brake pedalwhile driving.
CAUTION:
“Riding” your braws can cause them to overheat to thepoint
that they won’t work well. You might not be able to stopyour
vehicle in time to avoid an accident. If you “ride” your brakes,
they will get so hot they will require a lot of pedal force to slow
you down. Avoid “riding” the brakes.
If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means better
braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving,brake normally but
don’t pump your brakes. If you do, thepedal may get harder to push
down. If your engine stops, you will still havesome power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once thepower assist is used up, it
may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Cadillac has an advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent skidding.
This light on the
instrument panel will
go on when you start
your vehicle.
See “Anti-lock Brake System WarningLight” in the Index.
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Here's how anti-lock works. Let's say the road is wet. You're driving
safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here'swhat happens with A B S .
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.The computer
separately works the brakesat each front wheel and at the rearwheels.
The anti-lock system can change the brakepressure faster thanany driver
could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire
and road conditions.
-Youcan steer around theobstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and
controls braking pressure accordingly.
A CAUTION:
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Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need to get your foot up to
the brakepedal. If you get too closeto thevehicle in frontof
you, you won’thave time to apply your brakes if that vehicle
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to.
stop, even t- lug ~ O Uhave anti-lock brakes.
..
To Use Anti-Lock:
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and letanti-lock
work for you.
When you start your vehicle and begin to drive away,you may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise. And you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little while this is going on. This is the ABS system
testing itself. You may also hear this during a hard stop.
Traction Control System(Option)
Your vehicle may have a traction controlsystem that limits wheelspin.
This is especially useful in slippery road conditions. The traction control
system worksat low speeds only, such as when you accelerate from a stop.
It applies brakepressure to anindividual wheel that thesystem senses is
about to spin.
The “TRACTION
ACTIVE’’light will
appear in your
ITER
information center
when your traction
control system is
working.
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You may feel the system working, or you may notice somenoise, but this
is normal.
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The “TRACTION
OFF” warning light
lets you know if your
traction control
system isnot working.
See “Traction Control
System Warning
Light” in the Index.
Disc Brake Wear Indicators
Your Cadillac has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake padshave built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed.
The sound may come andgo or be heard all the time your vehicle is
moving (except when you are pushing on the brake
pedal firmly).
A CAUTION
The brake wear waming sound means thgt sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well. That could lead to an accident. when
you hear the brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
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VOTICE:
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Cmtinuing to drive with worn-out brakepads could resultin
costly brake repair
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brakesqueal when the
brakes are first applied or lightly applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with yourbrakes.
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Rear Drum Brakes
Your rear drumbrakes don’t havewear indicators, but if you ever hear a
rear brakerubbing noise, have the rear brakelinings inspected. Also, the
rear brake drumsshould be removed and inspected each time the tires
are removed for rotationor changing. When you have the front brakes
replaced, have the rear brakesinspected, too.
Brake linings should always bereplaced as complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brakepedal does not returnto normal height, or if
there is a rapid increase in pedal travel. This could be asign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a moderate brake stop,
your brakes adjust for wear.
If you rarely make a moderateor heavier stop, then your brakes might
not adjust correctly. If you drive inthat way, then -- very carefully -- make
every 1000 miles (1600 km),
so your
a few moderate brake stops about
brakes will adjust properly.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system whenyou need to. With anti-lock, you
can steer and brake at the
same time. In many emergencies, steering can
help you more thaneven the very best braking.
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Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or thesystem
fails to function, you can steer butit will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to takecurves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driverlost control” accidents mentioned on thenews
happen oncurves. Here’s why:
__
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to thesame laws of
physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tiresagainst the road
surface makes it possible for thevehicle to change its path when you turn
the frontwheels. If there’s no traction, inertiawill keep thevehicle going
in the same direction.If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice,
you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends onthe condition of your tires
and the road surface, theangle at which the curve is banked, and your
speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factoryou can control.
Suppose you’re steering througha sharp curve. Then you suddenly
accelerate.
Those two control systems -- steering and acceleration -- can overwhelm
those places where the tires meetthe road and make you lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Let up on the accelerator
pedal, steer thevehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signsnear curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of
course, theposted speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Under less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed asyou approach a curve, do it before
you enter thecurve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through thecurve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerateuntil you are outof the
curve, and then accelerategently into the straightaway.
When you drive into acurve at night, it’s harder to see the road aheadof
you because it bends away from the straight beams of your lights.This is
one good reason todrive slower.
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Steering in Emergencies
There aretimes when steering can be moreeffective than braking. For
example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in yourlane, or a
car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out frombetween
parked carsand stops right in front of you. You can avoid these problems
by braking -- if you can stop in time.But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around theproblem.
Your Cadillac can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply
your brakes. Itis better toremove as muchspeed as you can from a
possible collision.Then steer aroundthe problem, to the left or right
depending onthe space available.
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An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If
you are holding the steeringwheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and justas quickly
straighten the wheel once you have avoidedthe object. You must then be
prepared to steerback to your original lane and then braketo a
controlled stop.
Depending onyour speed, this canbe ratherviolent for an unprepared
driver. This is one of the reasonsdriving experts recommend that you use
your safety belts and keep both hands
on the steeringwheel.
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The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is agood
reason to practice defensive driving at all times.
OFF-ROAD RECOVERY
You may find sometime thatyour right wheels havedropped off the edge
of a road onto theshoulder while you’re driving.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly belowthe pavement, recovery
should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then,if there is nothing
in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edgeof the pavement.
You can turn thesteering wheel up to1/4 turn until the right front tire
contacts the pavement edge.Then turnyour steering wheel to go straight
down the roadway.
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QCe ROAD RECOVER)
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If the shoulder appears to be about fourinches (100 mm) or more below
the pavement, this difference can cause problems. If there is not enough
room to pull entirely onto theshoulder and stop, thenfollow the same
procedures. But if the right front tirescrubs against the side of the
pavement, do NOT steer moresharply. Withtoo much steering angle, the
vehicle mayjump back onto theroad with so much steering input that it
crosses over into theoncoming traffic before you can bring it back under
control.
Instead, easeoff again on the acceleratorand steering input, straddle the
pavement once more, then try again.
PASSING
The driver of a vehicle about topass another ona two-lane highway waits
for justthe right moment, accelerates, moves around thevehicle ahead,
then goes back into theright lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passinganother vehicle on a two-lane highway is a
potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane asoncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an errorin
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put
the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents -- the
head-on collision.
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So here aresome tips for passing:
0 “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides, and to crossroads
for situations thatmight affect your passing patterns. If you have any
doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better
time.
0 Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can see a
sign up ahead thatmight indicate a turn or anintersection, delay your
pass. Abroken center lineusually indicates it’s allright to pass
(providing the road aheadis clear). Never cross a solid line on your
side of the lane ora double solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
0 If you suspect that thedriver of the vehicle you want to pass isn’t
aware of your presence, tap thehorn a couple of times before passing.
0 Do not get tooclose to thevehicle you want to pass while you’re
awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or
stops. Keepback a reasonable distance.
0 When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate
but stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your move so
you will be increasing speed as thetime comes to move into the other
lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will havea “running start” that
more than makes up for the distance
you wouldlose by dropping back.
And if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need
only slow down and dropback again and wait for anotheropportunity.
0 If other cars are lined to
uppass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But
take carethat someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out topass
the slow vehicle. Remember toglance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
0 Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane
change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you
are far enough aheadof the passed vehicle to see its frontin your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back
into the right lane. (Remember thatyour right outside mirror is
convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther
away from
you than it really is.)
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0
Try not to pass more than onevehicle at a time on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicletoo rapidly. Even though the
brake lights are notflashing, it may be slowing downor startingto
turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get
ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a littleto the right.
LOSS OF CONTROL
Let’s reviewwhat driving experts say about what happens when the three
control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t haveenough
the road to do what the driver has asked.
friction where the tires meet
In any emergency,don’t give up. Keep trying to steerand constantly seek
an escape route or areaof less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid
most skids by taking reasonable caresuited to existing conditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The threetypes of skids correspond toyour Cadillac’s three control
systems. In thebraking skid yourwheels aren’t rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force.And in the accelerationskid too much throttle
causes the driving wheelsto spin.
A cornering skid and anacceleration skid are best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehiclestarts to slide (as when you turn a corner ona wet, snowor ice-covered road), easeyour foot off the acceleratorpedal as soon as
you feel the vehicle start toslide. Quicklysteer theway you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steeringquickly enough, your vehiclewill
straighten out.As it does, straighten the front
wheels.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel,or other
material is on the road.For safety, you’llwant to slow down and adjust
your drivingto these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
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surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid
sudden steering, acceleration,or braking (including engine braking by
shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realizethe surface is slippery until your vehicle is
skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as enoughwater, ice or
packed snow on theroad to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock braking system ( A B S ) helps avoid onlythe
braking skid. Steer theway you want to go.
DRIPTNG AT NIGHT
Night driving is more dangerous thanday driving. One reason is that
some drivers are likely to beimpaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here aresome tips onnight driving.
0 Drive defensively. Remember, this is the most dangerous time.
0 Don’t drink and drive. (See “DrunkenDriving” in the Index for more
on this problem.)
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Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlights
behind you.
Since you can’t see aswell, you may need to slow down and keep more
space between you and othervehicles. It’shard to tell how fast the
vehicle ahead is going just by looking at its taillights.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.Your headlights can light
up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas,watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older
these differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice
as much light to see thesame thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For
example, if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have lesstrouble adjusting to night.
But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down
on glarefrom headlights, but they also make a lot of things invisible that
should remain visible - such as parked cars, obstacles, pedestrians, or
even trains blocking railway crossings.You may want to put on your
sunglasses after you havepulled into a brightly-lighted service or
refreshment area. Eyes shielded from that glaremay adjust more quickly
to darkness back on the road.But be sure toremove your sunglasses
before you leave the service area.
IOU can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights. It can take a
second or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the
dark. When you are faced with severe glare (asfrom a driver who doesn’t
lower the high beams, or a vehicle withmisaimed headlights), slow down
a little. Avoid staring directly into theapproaching lights. If there is a line
of opposing traffic, make occasional glances over the line of headlights to
make certain thatone of the vehicles isn’t starting tomove into your lane.
Once you are past the bright lights, giveyour eyes time to readjustbefore
resuming speed.
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- High Beams
7
__
If the vehicle approaching you has its high beams on, signal by flicking
yours to high and then back to low beam. This is the usual signal to lower
the headlight beams. If the otherdriver still doesn’t lower the beams,
resist the temptation to put your high beams on. This only makes two
half-blinded drivers.
On a freeway, use your high beams only in remote areas where
you won’t
impair approaching drivers. In someplaces, like cities, using highbeams
is illegal.
When you follow another vehicle on a freeway or highway, use low
beams. True, most vehicles now have day-night mirrors that enable the
driver to reduce glare. But outside mirrors are not of this type and high
beams from behind can bother thedriver ahead.
A Few More NightDriving Suggestions
-
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean -- inside and
out. Glare atnight is made much worse by dirt onthe glass. Even the
inside of the glass can build up a film caused by dust. Tobacco smoke also
makes inside glass surfaces very filmyand can be a vision hazard if it’s left
there.
Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.You might even want
to keep a cloth and someglass cleaner in your vehicle if you need to clean
your glass frequently.
Remember thatyour headlights light up farless of a roadway when you
are in a turn or curve.
Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly lighted
objects.
Just asyour headlights should be checked regularly for properaim, so
should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to seein dim light -- and aren’teven aware of it.
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D M N G IN THE RAlN
--I..
1
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. Ona wet road you can't
stop, accelerateor turn as well because your tire-to-road tractionisn't as
good as ondry roads. And, if your tires don't have much tread left, you'll
get even less traction.
It's always wiseto go slower and becautious if rain startsto fall while you
are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harderit is to see. Even if your windshield wiper
blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to seeroad
signs and traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road,and
even people walking. Road spray can often be worse for vision than rain,
especially if it comes from a dirty road.
So it is wiseto keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your
windshield washer tank filled. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signsof streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or
when strips of rubber startto separatefrom the inserts.
196
i
..
.
Driving too fast through largewater puddles or even going through some
car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes.
Try to avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow downbefore you hit
them.
I
A CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work well in a quick
stop and may cause pulling to oneside. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water Or a car wash,
apply your brake pedal lightly until your
brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up underyour tires
that they can actually ride onthe water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough andyou’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
You might not beaware of hydroplaning. You could drive along for some
time without realizing your tires aren’t in constant contact with the road.
You could find out the hardway: when you have to slow, turn, move out
to pass -- or if you get hit by a gust of wind. You could suddenly find
yourself out of control.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often.But it can if your tires haven’t much
tread or if the pressure in one ormore is low. It can happen if a lot of
water is standing on the road.If you can see reflections from trees,
telephone poles, or othervehicles, and raindrops“dimple” the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just isn’t a hard
and fast rule abouthydroplaning. The best advice is to slow downwhen it
is raining, and be careful.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Turn on your headlights -- not just your parking lights -- to help make
you more visible to others.
0
Look for hard-to-see vehicles coming from behind. You may want to
use your headlights even in daytime if it’s raining hard.
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be
especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourselfmore
clear room ahead,and be prepared to have your view restricted by
road spray. If the road spray is so heavy youare actually blinded, drop
back. Don’t pass until conditions improve. Going more slowly isbetter
than having an accident.
0
0
0
Use your defogger if it helps.
Have good tires with proper tread depth.(See “Tires” in the Index.)
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DRZWNG IN FOG, MISTAND HAZE
...
d
Fog can occur with high humidity or heavy frost. It can be so mild that
you can see throughit for several hundred feet (meters).Or it might be
so thick that you can see only a few feet (meters) ahead.It may come
suddenly to anotherwise clear road.And it can be a major hazard.
When you drive into a fog patch, your visibility willbe reduced quickly.
The biggest dangers are striking the vehicle ahead orbeing struck by the
one behind. Try to “read” thefog density down the road. If the vehicle
ahead starts to become less clear or, atnight, if the taillights are harder to
see, the fog is probably thickening. Slow downto give traffic behind you a
chance to slow down. Everybody then has a betterchance to avoid hitting
the vehicle ahead.
A patch of dense fog may extend only for a few feet (meters)or for miles
(kilometers); you can’t reallytell while you’rein it. You can only treat the
situation with extreme care.
One common fog condition -- sometimes called mist or ground fog -- can
happen in weather that seems perfect, especially at night or in the early
morning in valley and low, marshy areas. You can be suddenly enveloped
in thick, wet haze that may even coat your windshield. You can often spot
these fog patches or mist layers with your headlights. But sometimes they
can be waiting for you as you come over a hill or dip into a shallow valley.
I
I
Start your windshield wipersand washer, to help clearaccumulated road
dirt. Slow down carefully.
Tips on Driving in Fog
If you get caught in fog,turn your headlights on low beam, even in
daytime. You’ll see -- and be seen -- better.
Don’t use your high beams.The light willbounce off the water droplets
that make upfog and reflect back at you.
Use your defogger. In high humidity, evena light buildup of moisture on
the inside of the glass willcut down on your already limited visibility. Run
your windshield wipersand washer occasionally. Moisture can buildup
on the outsideglass, and what seems to be fog may actuallybe moisture
on the outside of your windshield.
Treat dense fog as an emergency. Try to find a place to pull off the road.
Of course you want to respect another’s property, but you might need to
put something between you and moving vehicles-- space, trees, telephone
poles, a private driveway, anythingthat removes you from other traffic.
If visibility isnear zero andyou must stop but are unsure
whether you are
away from the road, turn
your lightson, startyour hazard warning
flashers, and sound your horn at intervals or when you hear approaching
traffic.
Pass other vehicles in fog only
if you can see far enough ahead
to pass
safely. Even then, be preparedto delay yourpass if you suspect the fog is
worse up ahead.If other vehicles try to pass you, make it easy for them.
CITYDlUPTNG
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on
them. You’ll want to watch out forwhat the otherdrivers are doing and
pay attention to traffic signals.
Here areways to increase your safety in city driving:
0 Know the bestway to get to where you are going. Try not todrive
around trying to pick out a familiar street orlandmark. Get a city map
and plan your trip into anunknown part of the city just as you would
for a cross-country trip.
0 Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll
save time and energy. (See the next section, “Freeway Driving.”)
0 Treat a green light as awarning signal. A traffic light is there because
the corner is busy enough to need it. When alight turns green, and
just before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersectionor may be running the red light.
Obey all posted speed limits. But remember that they are for ideal
road, weather and visibility conditions. You may need to drive below
the posted limit in bad weather or when visibility is especiallypoor.
Pull to the right (with care) and stop clearof intersections when you
see or hear emergency vehicles.
FREEWAYDWNG
Mile for mile, freeways(also called thruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. But they have
their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway drivingis: Keep upwith traffic and
keep to theright. Drive at the same speed most of the otherdrivers are
driving. Too-fast or too-slow drivingbreaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat
the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
Entering the Freeway
At the entrance thereis usually a ramp that leadsto thefreeway. If you
have a clearview of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp,
you should begin to check traffic.Try to determinewhere you expect to
blend with the flow. If traffic is light, you may have no problem. But if it is
heavy, find a gap as you move along the entering lane and time your
approach. Try to merge into thegap at close to the prevailing speed.
202
Switch on your turn signal, check your rearview mirrors as you move
along, and glance over your shoulder as often asnecessary. Try to blend
smoothly with the traffic flow.
Driving on the Freeway
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to theposted limit or to
the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay inthe right lane unless you want to
pass. If you are ona two-lane freeway, treat theright lane as the slow lane
and the left lane as
the passing lane.
If you are ona three-lane freeway, treat theright lane as theslower-speed
through lane,the middle lane as thehigher-speed through lane,and the
left lane as thepassing lane.
Before changing lanes, check your rearview mirrors. Then use your turn
signal.
Just beforeyou leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make
sure there isn’tanothervehicle in your “blind” spot.
If you are moving from an outside to a center lane on freeway
a
having
more than two lanes, make sure another
vehicle isn’t about tomove into
the same spot. Look at thevehicles two lanes over and watch for telltale
signs: turn signals flashing, an increase in speed, or moving toward the
edge of the lane. Be prepared
to delay your move.
Once you are moving on thefreeway, make certain you allow a
reasonable following distance. Expect to move slightly slowerat night.
Leaving the Freeway
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lanewell in
advance. Dashing across lanes at thelast minute is dangerous. If you miss
your exit do not, under any circumstances, stop andback up. Drive on to
the next exit.
At each exit point is a deceleration lane. Ideally it should be long enough
for you to enter it at
freeway speed (after signaling, of course) and then
do your braking before moving onto theexit ramp. Unfortunately, not all
deceleration lanesare long enough -- some are too short forall the
braking. Decide when to startbraking. If you must brake on the through
lane, andif there is traffic close behind you, you can allow a little extra
203
time and flash your brake lights (in addition to your turn signal) as extra
warning that you are aboutto slow down and exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed according to your
speedometer, notto your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower than you
actually are. Forexample, 40 mph (65 kmh)might seem like only 20 mph
(30 krn/h). Obviously, this could lead to serious trouble on a ramp
designed for 20 mph (30 km/h)!
D m N G A LONG DISTANCE
Although most long trips today are made onfreeways, there arestill
many made on regular highways.
Long-distance driving on freeways and regular highways is the same in
some ways. The triphas to be planned and the vehicle prepared, you
drive at higher-than-city speeds, and there arelonger turns behind the
wheel. You’ll enjoy your trip moreif you and your vehicle are in good
shape. Here aresome tips for a successfullong trip.
BEFORE LEAWNG ONA LONG TMP
Make sureyou’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when
you’re not fresh-- such as after a day’s work -- don’t plan to make too
many miles that first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and
shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it serviced and
maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before
starting out.Of course, you’ll find experienced and ableservice experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll be ready and
willing to help if you need it.
Here aresome things you can check before a trip:
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean
inside and outside?
0 Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels?
204
c
0
Lights: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe, trouble-free trip.Is the
tread good enough forlong-distance driving? Are the tiresall inflated
to therecommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook along your route?
Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm
system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
ON THE ROAD
___
Unless you are theonly driver, it is good to share thedriving task with
others. Limit turns behind the wheel to about 100 miles (160 km) or two
hours at a sitting. Then, eitherchange drivers or stop for
some
refreshment like coffee, tea orsoft drinks and somelimbering up. But do
stop andmove around. Eat lightly along the way. Heavier meals tend to
make some people sleepy.
On two-lane highways or undivided multilane highways that do not have
controlled access, you’ll want to watch for some situations not usually
found on freeways. Examples are: stop signs and signals, shopping centers
with direct access to thehighway, no passing zones and school zones,
vehicles turning left and right off the road, pedestrians,cyclists, parked
vehicles, and even animals.
HIGHFKAY HIPNOSIS
__
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Or is itjust
plain falling asleep at thewheel? Call it highway hypnosis,lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery,
along with the humof the tires on theroad, the droneof the engine, and
the rush of the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t
let it happen toyou! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less than
a second, and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can
happen.
205
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is wellventilated, with a comfortably cool
interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check
your rearview mirrors frequently and your instruments from time to
time. This can help you avoid a fixed stare.
Wear good sunglasses in bright light. Glare can cause drowsiness. But
don't wear sunglasses at night. They will drastically reduce your
overall vision at thevery time you need all the seeing power you have.
0 If you get sleepy, pulloff the road into a rest, service, or parking area
and take a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on thehighway as an emergency.
As in any drivingsituation, keeppace with traffic and allow adequate
following distances.
HILL AND MOUNTMN ROADS
U
Driving on steephills or mountains is different from driving inflat or
rolling terrain.
.-
If you drive regularly in steepcountry, or if you’re planning to visit there,
here aresome tips that can make your trips safer and more
enjoyable.
0 Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid levels and also the
brakes, tires, cooling system and transaxle. These partscan work hard
on mountain roads.
0 Know howto go down hills.The most important thing to know is this:
let your engine do some of the slowing down. Don’t make your brakes
do it all. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep orlong hill.
That way, you will slowdown without excessive use of your brakes.
I
A CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they
or even
wouldn’t work well.You would then have poor braking
none goingdown a hill. You could crash. Shiftdown to let your
enginc ssist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
-
A ‘CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in “N” (Neutral) or with the ignition off is
dangerous. Your brakes will have to do all the work of sllowing
down. They could get so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You
could crash. Always have your engine running and your vehicle
i :ea when yo1 ,adownhill,
0
-
0
Know how to go uphill. Shift down to “3” (Drive). This will help cool
your engine and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or
mountains. Don’t swing wideor cut across the centerof the road.
Drive at speeds that let you stay inyour own lane. That way, you won’t
be surprised by a vehicle coming toward you in the same lane.
207
e It takes longer to pass another vehicle when you're going uphill. You'll
want to leave extra room to pass. If a vehicle is passing you and
doesn't have enough room, slow down to make it easier for the other
vehicle to get by.
c _
L
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There could be something in
your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
a You may see highway signson mountains that warn of special
problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passing zones, a
falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
0 Winter driving can present special problems. See Index under
"Winter Driving."
0
Parking on Hills
Hills and mountains mean spectacular scenery. But please be careful
where you stop if you decide to look at theview or take pictures. Look for pull-offs or parking areas provided for scenic viewing.
4.
-
Another part of this manual tells how to use your parking brake (see
“Parking Brake” in the Index). But ona mountain or steephill, you can
do one morething. You can turn your front wheels to keep your vehicle
from rolling downhill or outinto traffic.
Here’s how:
Parking Downhill
Turn your wheels to
the right.
I
_
You don’t have to jam your tires against the curb, if there is a curb. A
gentle contact is all youneed.
209
Parking Uphill
If there is a curb, turn
your wheelsto the left
if the curb is at the
right side of your
vehicle.
210
If there is no curb
when you’reparking
uphill, turn thewheels
to theright.
If there is no curb when you’re parking uphill on theleft side of a
one-way street, your wheels should be turned to the
left.
Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your transaxle into “P”
(Park) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the
parking pawl inthe transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of “P” (Park). This is called “torque lock.’’ To prevent torque
lock, always be sure toshift into “P” (Park) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into “P” (Park)” in the Index.
If “torque lock” does occur,you may need to have another vehicle push
yours a little uphill to takesome of the pressure from the transaxle, so
you can pull the shift lever out of “P” (Park).
WINTER DRIITNG
Here aresome tips forwinter driving:
Have your Cadillac in good shape forwinter. Be sure your engine
coolant mix is correct.
Snow tires can help in loose snow, but they may give youless traction
on ice than regular tires. If you do not expect to bedriving indeep
snow, but may haveto travel over ice, youmay not want to switch to
snow tires atall.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your trunk.
212
C
r
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield
washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a
flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be
sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the road probably
have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the road,
you can
have a very slippery situation. You'll have a lot less traction or "grip" and
will need to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be
slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more troublebecause
it may offer the least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about
freezing (32OF; O°C) and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing or loose snow -drive with caution. Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate toofast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tireseven more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to make a hard stop ona
slippery road. Even though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you wouldon dry pavement. See
“Anti-lock” inthe Index.
0 Allow greater following distance on any slippery roaa.
0 Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot
that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road,ice patches may
appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: aroundclumps of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a
214
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surroundingroads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you are on
it. Try not tobrake while you're actually on the ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
IfYou%e Caught in a Blizzard
r
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serioussituation. You
should probably stay with your vehicle unless you knowfor sure that
you
you can hike through the snow. Here are some things
are near help and
to do to
summon help and keepyourself and your passengers safe: Turn
on your hazard flashers. Tie ared cloth to your vehicle to alertpolice that
you've been stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket
around you. If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators fromnewspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor mats -- anything you
can wrap around yourself or tuck under your clothing to keepwarm.
You can run theengine to keep warm, but be careful.
a
I
A CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle. This can cause
deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can’t see it orsmell it, so you
might not know it isin your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around thebase of your vehicle ,especially any that isblocking
your exhaustpipe. And checkaround again fromtime to timeto
be sure snow doesn’t collectthere.
Open a window just a little on the sideof the vehicle that’saway
from thewind. This will help keep CO out.
I
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you
run the engine, make it go a little faster than
just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. Thisuses less fuel for the heat that
you get and it
keeps the battery charged. You will need awell-charged battery to restart
the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later onwith your headlights. Let
the heater run forawhile.
Then, shut theengine off and close the window almost allthe way to
preserve the heat. Start theengine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable fromthe cold. But do it as little as possible.
Preserve the fuelas longas you can. To help keepwarm, you can getout
of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half
hour orso
until help comes.
216
1
ID
If You’re Stuck in Deep Snow
This manual explains how to get the vehicle out of deep snow without
damaging it. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” inthe Index.
TOWING A T W L E R
‘
I
A CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipmentand drive properly, you
can lose control when you pull a trailer. For example, if the
trailer is too heavy, the brakesmay not work well -- or even at
all. You and your passengerscould be seriously injured. Pull a
trailer only if you have followed all the stepsin this section.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer. To identify what the vehicle trailering
capacity is for your vehicle, you should read the information in “Weight
of the Trailer” that appears laterin this section. But trailering is different
than justdriving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes in
handling, durability, and fuel economy. Successful, safe traileringtakes
correct equipment, and it
has to beused properly.
That’s the reason for this section. In it are many time-tested, important
trailering tips andsafety rules. Many of these are important foryour
safety and thatof your passengers. So please read this sectioncarefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle, wheel assemblies,
and tires are forced to work harder against the dragof the added weight.
The engine is required to operate atrelatively higher speeds and under
217
greater loads, generating extra heat.What’s more, the trailer adds
considerably to wind resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
All of that means changes in:
0 Handling
Durability
Fuel economy
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here aresome important points.
0
There aremany different laws having to dowith trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but also where you’ll be
driving. A good source for this information can be state orprovincial
police.
0
Consider using a sway control.
0
You can ask a hitch dealer aboutsway controls.
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles (800 km) your new
vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or otherparts could be damaged.
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t
drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and don’t make starts at full throttle.
This helps your engine and other partsof your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Three important considerations have to dowith weight:
1. Weight of the nailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 pounds (453 kg). But even
that can be tooheavy.
It dependson how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed,
altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how much your
vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also
depend onany special equipment that you haveon your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
information or advice, or
you can write us at Cadillac.
0
I
,
In Canada,write to General Motorsof Canada Limited, Customer
Assistance Center, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive, Oshawa, Ontario L1H
8P7.
2. Weight of the Trailer Tongue
When a trailer is connected to your vehicle, the trailertongue adds
to theweight your vehicle is carrying. So, remember to subtractthe
weight of the trailer tonguefrom your vehicle’scapacity weight.
The trailer tongue (A)should weigh 10% of the total loaded trailer
weight (B). After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailerand
then thetongue, separately, to seeif the weights are proper. If they
aren’t, you may be able to get themright simply by moving some
items around in the trailer.
3. Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for cold tires.
You’ll find thesenumbers on the Certification label at the rearedge
of the driver’s door (or see “Tire
Loading” in the Index). Then be
sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your vehicle.
Hitches
1
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment. Crosswinds, large
trucks going by, and rough roads are a few reasons why you’ll need the
right hitch. Here aresome rules to follow:
219
e Will you haveto make any holes in the body of your vehicle when you
install a trailer hitch? If you do, thenbe sure toseal the holes later
when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them,deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your vehicle (see
“Carbon Monoxide’’ inthe Index). Dirt and water can, too.
e Don’t let thesteel in a hitch contact the aluminum on your bumper. If
you do, the two willcorrode. You can use something like paint or
plastic tape to separate the steel and
aluminum. The same steel to
aluminum problem can happen with fasteners, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer.
Cross the safety chains under the tongue of the trailerso that the tongue
will not drop to theroad if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions aboutsafety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailermanufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s
recommendation for attaching safety chains. Always leave just enough
slack so you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag
on theground.
L
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read and
follow the
instructions for the trailer brakes
so you’ll be able toinstall, adjust and
maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to
tap into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake systems won’t
work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requiresa certain amountof experience. Before setting
out forthe openroad,’you’llwant to get to know your rig. Acquaint
yourself with the feelof handling and braking with the added weight of
the trailer. Andalways keep in mind that thevehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly so responsive as your vehicle is by
itself.
Before you start, check the trailerhitch and platform, safety chains,
electrical connector, lights, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
.-.
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailermoving and then apply the
trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure the brakes are
working. This
lets you check your electrical connection at the sametime.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that theload is secure,
and that thelights and any trailer brakesare still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as farbehind the vehicle ahead asyou would when
driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoidsituations
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up aheadwhen you’re towing a trailer.
And, because you’re a good deal longer,you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand. Then, tomove the
trailer to the left, just move that hand tothe left. To move the trailer to
th.e right, move your hand to theright. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
When you’re turning with a trailer, makewider turns than normal. Do
this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,curbs, road signs, trees, or
other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a different turnsignal
flasher and extrawiring. The green arrows on your instrument panel will
flash whenever you signal a turn orlane change. Properly hooked up, the
trailer lights will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the greenarrows on your instrument panel will
flash for turnseven if the bulbs on the trailerare burned out. Thus,you
221
may think drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not.
It’s important to check occasionallyto besure the trailerbulbs are still
working.
Your vehicle has bulb warning lights. When you plugtrailer lights into
your vehicle’s lighting system,its bulb warning lights may not let you
know if one of your lights goes out. So, when you have trailer lights
plugged in, be sure tocheck your vehicle and trailer lights from time to
time to be surethey’re all working.Once you disconnect the trailerlights,
the bulb warning lights again can tell you if one of your vehicle lights is
out.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or
steep downgrade. If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your
brakes so much that they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down to “3” (Drive) and reduce your speed
to 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the possibility of engine and transaxle
overheating.
Parking on Hills
You really should not parkyour vehicle, with a trailer attached, ona hill.
If something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. People can be
injured, and both your vehicle and the trailercan be damaged.
But if you ever have to parkyour rig on a hill, here’s how to doit:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into “P” (Park) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailerwheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until
the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Thenshift into “P” (Park) firmly and
apply your parking brake.
5. Release the regular brakes.
222
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on
a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you:
0
0
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Be sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop andhave someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re pulling a trailer.
See the Maintenance Schedule for more onthis. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are automatic
transaxle fluid
(don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system, and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will
help you find themquickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review
these sections beforeyou start your trip.
Check periodically to see thatall hitch nuts and boltsare tight.
223
PROBLEMS ON THE ROAD
"\
Here you'll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the
road.
224
_HAZARD W M I N G FLASHERS
'/
..
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They also let police
know you have a problem. Your front and rear turn
signal lights will flash
on andoff.
Press the buttonin to
make your front and
rear turnsignal lights
flash on andoff.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter whatposition your key is in,
and even if the key isn't in.
I
--
m
-
5;$+
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~
.&A'<,,,
To turn off the
flashers, pull out on
the collar. When the
hazard warning
flashers are on, your
turn signals won't
work.
c
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'*
I
OTHER W M I N G DEWCES
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one upat the side of the road
about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.
-
JUMP STARTING
1
C
r
If your battery has run down, you may want to use another vehicle and
some jumper cables to start your Cadillac. But please follow the steps
below todo itsafely.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous because:
a They contain acid
0
:- at can b 7 n you.
They contain a that can explode or ignite.
a They contaih enough electricitvto burn you.
If you don't follow these steps exactly, some or all of these things
can hurt you.
226
c-c
loring these steps could rt Llt in costly damage to YOU
rehicle that wouldn’t bt lvered bv v o w warranh
Trying to startyour Cadillac by pushing or pulling it won’twork, and it
could damage your vehicle.
TO JUMP STAlzT YOUR CADILLAC:
1. Check the othervehicle. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
2. Get thevehicles close enough so the jumper cables can reach, butbe
sure thevehicles aren’t touching each other. If they are, it could cause
a ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be ableto start
your Cadillac, and thebad grounding could damage the electrical
systems.
A CAUTION:
You could be injured if the vehicles roll.
Set the parking brake
firmly on each vehicle.Put an automatic transaxlein “P”
(Park).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all lights that aren’t
needed, and radios.This will avoid sparks and help save both
batteries. And it could save your radio!
227
5. Check that the jumpercables don’t have loose or missing insulation. If
they do, you could get a shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here aresome basic things you should
know. Positive (+ ) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to
negative (-) or a metal engine part. Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll
get a short thatwould damage the battery and maybe other parts, too.
A CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine partscan injure you badly. Keep
your hands away from moving parts once theengines are
running.
L
*
6. Start by removing
the red positive (+)
terminal cover.
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..
.
.
.
..I
7. Connect the red
positive (+) cable
to thepositive (+)
terminal of the
vehicle withthe
dead battery.
7
L
8. Don’t let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive (+)
terminal of the good battery.
9. Now connect the black negative (-) cable to the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the otherend touch anything until the next step. The other
end of the negative cable doesn’t go to the deadbattery. It goes to a
heavy unpainted metal part on theengine of the vehicle withthe dead
battery.
10.Attach the cable at
least 18 inches
(45cm) away from
the dead battery,
but not nearengine
parts thatmove.
The electrical
connection is just as
good there, but the
chance of sparks
getting back to the
battery is much
less.
230
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r
11.Now start thevehicle withthe good battery and runthe engine for
awhile.
12.Try to start thevehicle withthe dead battery.
If it won’t start after afew tries, itprobably needs service.
13.Remove the cables in reverse order to preventelectrical shorting.
Take care that they don’t touch eachother orany other metal.
E CABLES IN THIS ORDER
TOMNG YOUR mHICLE
Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing servicetow your
Cadillac. The usual towing equipment is a sling-type, or a wheel-lift, or
car carriertow truck.
CAR CARRIER
.
SLING-TYPE
J
n
J
WHEEL LIFT
.
V
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it was factory-new by
adding aftermarket items like fog lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and
wheels, these instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on thehazard warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle cannot be towed from the frontwith sling-type
equipment.
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
232
7
When thetowing service arrives, let the tow operator know that this
manual contains detailed towing instructions and illustrations. The
operator may want to see them.
~
,
. .
A CAUTION:
To help avoid injury to you or others:
B
c
Never let passengers ride ina vehicle that is being towed.
0
N- . er tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
0
Never tow with damaged parts not fully secured.
0
Never get under your vehicle after it hasbeen lifted by the
tow truck.
0
Always use separate safety chains on each side when towing a
vehicle.
0
Never use “J” hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
1
J
*,
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When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key off. The steering
wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a clamping
device designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering
column lock for this. The transaxle should be in Neutral and the parking
brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the frontwheels, unless you must. If
the vehicle must be towed on thefront wheels, don’t go more than55
mph (88 km) or farther than500 miles (800 km) or your transaxle will be
damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the frontwheels have to
be supported ona dolly.
AC
UTION:
A vehicle can fall from a car carrierif it isn’t properly secured.
This cancause a collision, serious personal injury and vehicle
damage. The vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or
steel cables before it is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,canvas webbing,
etc.) that can be cut by sharp edges underneath thetowed
vehicle.
Front - -,wing Hook- Ups
Do not tow wi
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
234
-
.,
Rear Towing Hook-Ups
Attach “T” hook chains to the
slots in bottom of floor pan
No 4x4 wood beam required. Position lower sling crossbar directly under
the rearbumper.
Attach a separate safety chain
around each control arm
inboard of the springs.
235
ENGINE 0VERH.EATING
YOUwill find the two warning lights about a hot engineon your Cadillac
instrument panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine:
A
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burnyou badly, even if
you just open the hood. Stay away from the engine if you see or
hear steam coming from it. Just turn itoff and get everyone
away from the vehicle until itcools down. Wait until thereis no
sign of steam or coolant before opening the hood.
I
If you keep driving when your engine is overheated, the liquids
in itcan catch fire. You or others could be badly burned. Stop
your engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
1
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Il
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I
--
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine:
If you get the overheat warning but see or hear nosteam, the problem
may not be tooserious. Sometimes the engine can get a littletoo hot
when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
- 0 Idle for long periods in traffic.
0 Tow a trailer.
--
.
If you get the overheatwarning with no sign of steam, try this for a
- minute or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
- 2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan speed and open the
window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to “N”(Neutral).
- If you no longer have the overheatwarning, you can drive. Just tobe safe,
drive slower for about tenminutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop,and park your vehicle right
away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine for two or three
minutes while you’re parked, to see if the warning stops. But then, if you
still have the warning, TURN OFF THE ENGINE AND GET
EVERYONE OUT OF THE VEHICLE until it cools down.
You may decide not tolift the hood butto get service help right away.
e.
L_
237
COOLING SYSTEM
. .. ...
- 6 ’
.
- .3
.....
c.
c
t
‘I
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what you’ll see:
\ Coolant recovery tank
7 Radiator pressure cap
7 Electric engine fans
’
I
A CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing
and toolsaway from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolantrecovery tank is boiling, don’tdo
anything else until it cools down.
238
The coolant level should be at orabove near “FULL COLD.” If it isn’t,
you may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhereelse in the cooling system.
A CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine parts, can be very
hot. Don’t touch them.If you do, you can be burned.
Dodbrun the engine if there is a leak. If you run the engine, it
could lose all coolant. That could cause an engine
fire, and you
could be burned. Get any leak Pied before you drivethe vehicle.
ng your
engine witrwutcoularr~isn’t
If there seemsto be no leak, check to see if the electric engine fans are
running. If the engine is overheating, both fansshould be running. If they
aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
239
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolantlevel isn’t at or above
near “FULL COLD.” add a 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably
distilled) and a proper antifreezeat the coolantrecovery tank. (See
“Engine Coolant”in the Index for more information about the proper
coolant mix.)
t--
1
i
A CAUTION:
I
J d i n g only plain water to your cooling system can be
dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquidlike alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant
warning system is set for the proper
coolant mix. With plain
water or the wrong mix,your engine could get too hot but you
wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire
and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water and a proper antifreeze.
iL ,&
r-
c-
240
A CAUTION:
I
c-
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will
burn if the engine
parts are hot enough.Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolantin the coolant recovery tank is at or above near “FULL
COLD,” start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more thing you can try.
You can add the proper coolantmix directly to the radiator, but be sure
the cooling systemis cool before you do it.
241
0
Steam and scalding liquidsfrom a hot cooling systemcan blow
out andburn you badly. They are underpressure, and if you
turn the radiator pressure'capeven a little they can come
out at high speed. Neverturn the capwhen the cooling system,
including theradiator pressurecap, is hot. Wait for thecooling
system and radiator pressure cap to
cool if you ever haveto turn
the pressurecap.
--
U.
--
7-
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r
How to AddCoolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is no
longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly to theleft until it first stops.
(Don’t press down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear ahiss, wait for that to stop.A hiss means there is still some
pressure left.
1
i
243
2. Then keep turning
the pressure cap,
but now push
down as you turn
it. Remove the
pressure cap.
.&.
i
1-
3. Fill the radiator
with the proper
mix,up to the
base of the filler
neck.
4. Then fill the
coolant recovery
tank to “FULL
COLD.”
c-
k
r
7
5. Put the cap back
on thecoolant
recovery tank, but
leave the radiator
pressure cap off.
6. Start the engine
and let it run until
you can feel the
upper radiator
hose getting hot.
Watch out for the
engine fans.
7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator filler neck may be
lower. If the level is lower, add more of the propermix through the
filler neck until the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
245
I
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be
sure thearrows on
the pressure cap
line up like this.
IF A TIRE GOES FLAT
It’s unusual for a tireto “blow out” while you’re driving, especiallyif you
maintain your tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely
to leak out slowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a
few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tirefails, the flat tire will create a drag thatpulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off the acceleratorpedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, then gently brake
to a stopwell out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on acurve, acts much like a skid and may
require the same correction you’d use in a skid. In any rear blowout,
remove your foot from the acceleratorpedal. Get thevehicle under
control by steering theway you want the vehicle to go. It may be very
bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake to a stop, well off
the road if possible.
If your tire goes flat, thenext section shows how to use your jacking
equipment to change a flat tire safely.
C W G I N G A FLAT TIRE
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire andwheel damage by driving slowlyto
a level place. Turnon your hazard warning flasher.
A
CAUTION:
Changing a tire cancause an injury. The vehicle can slipoff the
jack androll over you or otherpeople. You and they could be
badly injured. Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
0
Put the shift lever in “P” (Park).
0
Set the parking brake firmly.
0
Turn off the engine.
To be even more sure the vehicle won’t move, you can put chocks
at the front and rear
of the tire farthestaway from the one being
changed. That would be the tireon the other sideof the vehicle,
at the opposite end.
I
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and change a tire.
The equipment you
will need is in the
trunk under themat
and cover.
Rotate theplastic cover nut and remove the cover to access the compact
spare andjack.
If your vehicleis equipped with either the Coachbuilder or the
Heavy-Duty Livery Packages,you will have a full size spare tirein place
of a compact spare.
Start with the jack and
the wheel wrench.
CI
-
Attach the wheel
wrench to the jack bolt
and rotate it clockwise
(to theright). Thatwill
raise the lift head a
little.
If your vehicle has a wire wheel cover or an aluminum wheel, read the
part thatdescribes your wheel.
Aluminum Wheels
Use the flat end of the
wheel wrench. Insert
into the small slot on
the wheel and gently
remove the center
cover. Be careful not
to drop thecover on
the ground,you could
scratch it.
Now see “Jacking and Removing Flat Tire.”
Wire M e e l Cover
H
Use this special wheel
wrench.
'. .
Put the flat end here,
Be careful not to drop
the cover on the
-
end
omer
..1.
-
Use the
of
the wire wheel wrench
like this. Remove the
special anti-theft wheel
nut by turning it
counterclockwise.
,I_
~
~
~~
__
Remove the wheel disc.
Jacking and Removing Flat Tire
Using the whee-lwrench, loosen all the wheel nuts. Don’t remove them,
yet.
Your Cadillac has a
notch on the frame
near eachof the
wheels. Fit the lift
e
head into thenotch
1
nearest thewheel with
the flat tire.
-
The jack handle hasmarkings at 8” for the rear andlo” for the frontto
use which will help you to locate the jacking notches in the frame.
7
A CAUTION:
- !tting undera vehicle when itis jacked up is dangerous.If the
or killed.
vehicle slips off the jack,you could be badly injured
Never get under a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
*
Now raise the vehicle.
Just keep rotating the
wheel wrench, on the
jack, to theright
(clockwise). Raise the
vehicle far enough off
the ground so there is
enough room for the
flat tire to come off
and the compact spare
to fit.
Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
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252
.
..
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A CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or onthe parts to which it is fastened,
can make thewheel nuts become looseafter a time. The wheel
could come off'and cause an accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicte. In a emergency, you could use a cloth or
a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wipe
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust'ordirt off.
- I
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces or spare
wheel. Place the spare on the
wheel mounting surface.
I
.Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you do, the nuts
might come loose. Your wheel could fall off, causing a serious
accident.
253
7
I”
I
:-
Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded end
of the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each
nut by hand until the
wheel is held against
the hub.
_.
’.
..
-
Lower the vehicle
completely by rotating
the wheel wrench
counterclockwise.
c
254
._
Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a criss-cross sequence as shown.
A CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts orimproperly tightened wheel nuts can
cause thewheel to become loose and even come off. This could
lead to an accident. Be sure to use the correctwheel nuts. If you
have to replace them, be sure to get the right kind. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have the nutstightened with
a torque wrench to 140 N*m (100 ft. lbs.).
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare tire. It won’t fit.
Store thewheel cover in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired or
replaced.
255
I
A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire otk
or --* equipment in the passengers
compartment of the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop
or collision loose equipment could strike someone. Storeall
these in the proper place.
Now put all the equipmentback in the cal
Just follow this drawing
COMPACT SPARE TIRE
Although the compact spare was fullyinflated when your vehicle was
new, it can lose air after a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It
should be 60 psi (420 Wa). Thecompact spare is made togo up to3,000
miles (5000 km), so you can finish yourtrip andhave your full-sizetire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best toreplace your
spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer
and be in good shape in case you need it again.
256
E ;..
P
Don’t use your compact spare onsome other vehicle.
And don’t mix your compact spare orwheel with other wheels or tires.
They won’t fit. Keep your spare andits wheel together.
A
CAUTION:
Storing ajack, a tire, or other equipment in the passenger
compartment of the vehicle could cause injury.In a sudden stop
or collision, loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all
these in the proper place.
r
IF YOU’RE STUCK: IN SAND,MUD, ICE OR
SNOW
What you don’twant to do when your vehicle isstuck is to spin your
wheels. The methodknown as “rocking” can help you get out when
you’re stuck, but you must use caution.
257
A CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can explode and you
or otherscould be injured. And, the transaxle or other partsof
the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine fire or
other damage. When you’re stuck, spin thewheels as little as
possible. Don’t spin thewheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as
shown on the beedometer.
transaxle back and forth, you can destroy your transarlRocking your vehicle to get it out:
First, turnyour steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area
around your front wheels. Then shift back and forth between “ R ’
(Reverse) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible.
Release the acceleratorpedal while you shift, and press lightly on the
accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out
after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be
towed out, see“Towing Your Vehicle”in the Index.
L
Using the Retrieval Hook (Export Onlvr
t
If you ever get stuck in sand, mud, ice or snow, your vehiclemay be
equipped with a retrieval hook. The retrieval hook is provided at theleft
rear of your vehicle. You may need to use it if you’re stuck off-road and
need to be pulled to someplace where you can continue driving.
The retrieval hook, whenused, is under a lot of force. Always
pull the vehicle straight out. Never pull on the hook at a
sideways angle. The hook could break off and you or others
could be injured from the chain or cable snapping back.
NOTICE
s e r use the retrieval hook to ta .. the vehicle. You- .rehid
l a h i h~ ?amaged and i t --kl
not be coveredby warrarh
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SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Here you will find information about the careof your Cadillac. This
Section begins with service and fuel information, and then it shows how
to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical
information about your vehicle, and a section devoted to its appearance
care.
-.
SERWCE
Your Cadillac dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to behappy
with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer forall your service needs. You’ll
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you’ll want to keepyour GM vehicle all GM. Genuine GM parts
have one of these marks:
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Deleo
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to dosome of your own servicewax, you’ll want to get the
proper Cadillac Service Manual. It tells you much more abouthow to
service your Cadillac than this manual can. To order the properservice
manual, see “Service Publications” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts andlist the mileage and
the dateof any servicework you perform. See “MaintenanceRecord” in
the Index.
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A CAUTION:
You can be injured if you try to do service workon a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge, experience, and the
proper replacement parts andtools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts,bolts and otherfasteners.
“English” and “metric” fasteners canbe easily confused. If
you use the wrong fasteners, parts can later break orfall off.
You could be hurt.
FUEL
Use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octaneor higher. It should
meet specifications ASTM D4814 in the U S . and CGSB 3.5-92 in
Canada. Thesefuels should have the proper additives, so you should not
have to addanything to thefuel.
In theU.S. and Canada,it’s easy to be sureyou get the right kind of
gasoline (unleaded). You’ll see “UNLEADED” right on thepump. And
only unleaded nozzles will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure theposted octane is at least 91. If the octaneis less than 91, you
may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. (In an emergency, you
may be able to use lower octane -- as low as 87 -- if heavy knocking does
not occur.) If you’re using 91 or higher octane unleaded gas and you still
get heavy knocking, your engine needsservice.
261
What about gasoline with blending materials thatcontain oxygen, such as
MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no more than 15%
MTBE is fine foryour car.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel that is no more
than 10% ethanol is fine for your car.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with detergent additives will help prevent deposits
from forming in your engine and fuel system. That helps keep your
engine in tune and your emission control system workingproperly. It’s
good for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part forcleaner air.
Many gasolines are now blended with materials called oxygenates.
General Motorsrecommends that you use gasolines with these blending
materials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By doing so, you can help clean
the air,especially inthose parts of the country that have high carbon
monoxide levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing reformulated
gasolines. These gasolines are specially designed to reduce vehicle
emissions. General Motorsrecommends that you use reformulated
gasoline. By doing so, you can help clean the air,especially inthose parts
of the country that have highozone levels.
You should ask your service station operatorsif their gasolines contain
detergents andoxygenates, and if they have been reformulated to reduce
vehicle emissions.
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FUELS IN FOREIGN COUNTNES
If you plan 6n driving in another country outside the U.S. or Canada,
unleaded fuel may be hard to find.Do not use leaded gasoline. If you use
even one tankful, your emission controls won’t work well or atall. With
continuous use, sparkplugs can get fouled, theexhaust system can
corrode, andyour engine oil can deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle’s
oxygen sensor will be damaged. All of that means costly repairs that
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, askan auto club, or contact a major oil
company that doesbusiness in the country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at thefollowing address for advice. Just tell us
where you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motorsof Canada Ltd.
International ExportSales
RO. Box 828
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7N1, Canada
FILLING YOUR TANK
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A CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns violently, and that
can cause very bad injuries. Don't smoke if you're neargasoline
or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
c
If you're refueling your tank using a hydrocarbon recovery nozzle,the
fuel pump may shut off before the fuel capacity of your tank reaches full.
This is a normal condition. If you slow the flow of fuel going into the
tank, it is more likely to fill to capacity without shutting off.
The cap is behind a hinged door on the left side of your vehicle. Pushin
on thefront edge of the door to open.
Remote FuelDoor (Option)
.
...
,
.
The release buttonis
in the glove box.
.-.
,
.".
Or you can use the
release lever located
on the left side in the
trunk. Pull the lever
toward the rearof your
vehicle to release the
fuel door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to theleft (counterclockwise).
While refueling, hang the capinside the fuel door.
A CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on you and then something ignites it, you
could be badly burned. Gasoline can spray outon you if you
open the fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happenif
your tank isnearly full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open
the fuel filler capslowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrew the cap all the
way.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until you hear a
clicking noise.
CHECKING THINGS UNDER THE HOOD
Hood Release
1
To open the hood, first
pull the handle inside
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1
Then go to the frontof
the vehicle and push
the secondary hood
release upward to
release it.
Lift the hood.
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A CAUTION:
An electric fanunder thehood can start up and injure
you even
when the engine is not running. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
--
A CAUTION:
-...:
-2.:
Things that burncan get on hot engine parts and starta fire.
These include liquids like gasoline, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and plastic rubber.
or
You
or others could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn onto a hot engine.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly.
Then just pull the hood down until it’s about 15 inches (38 cm) from
closing. Then close it firmly.
FLUID USAGE LABEL
Use the fluid usage label to identify the correctfluid you want to check.
267
ENGINE OIL
It's a good idea to check your engine oil every time you get fuel.In order
to get anaccurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be
on level ground.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to drain back into the
oil pan. If you don't, the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
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and clean with
it
a
paper towel or cloth,
then push it back in all
*
,
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the way. Remove it
again, keeping the tip
lower.
When to Add Oil: If
the oil is at or below
the ADD line, then
you’ll need to add
some oil. But you must
use the right kind. This
section explains what
kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see
“Capacities and
Specifications” in the
Index.
269
1
To remove, turn the oil
fill cap to the left.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating
range. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Oil to Use:
Look for threethings:
0 SG
“SG” must be on the oil container, eitherby itself or combined with
other quality designations, such as “SG/CC,” “SG/CD,” “SF,SG,CC,”
etc. These lettersshow American Petroleum Institute ( M I ) levels of
quality.
270
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RECbMMENDED SAE UISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLDSTARTING,SELECTTHE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADEOIL FOR THEEXPECTEDTEMPERATURLRANGE.
I
S A E 1OW-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 1OW-30 isbest for your vehicle.
However, you can use S A E 5W-30 if it’s going to becolder than 60°F
(16°C) before your next oil change. When it’s very cold, below O°F
(-18”C), you should use SAE 5W-30.
These numberson an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not
use other viscosity oilssuch as SAE1OW-40 or SAE 20W-50.
Energy Conserving I1
Oils with these words on the container will help you save fuel.
This doughnut-shaped logo (symbol)is used on most oil containers to
help you select the correct oil.
You should look for this on the oil container, and use only those oils that
display the logo.
GM Goodwrench@oil (in Canada,GM Engine Oil) meets all the
requirements foryour vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives:Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Cadillac
dealer is ready to advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change EngineOil: Your vehicleis equipped with an Engine Oil
Life Index (EOLI) feature. Oil change intervals are determined by the
EOLI and will usually fallat, orbetween, the two recommended
alternative intervals of 3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) and 7,500 miles
(12,500 kilometers), butcould be shorter than3,000 miles (5,000
kilometers) under some very severe driving conditions shown in Schedule
I. The system will also indicate theneed for an oil change if 7,500 miles
(12,500 kilometers) has been driven.
Engine oil life remaining is displayed through the Fuel Data center and as
a “CHANGE OIL SOON” light. The Fuel Data center display includes a
number between 0 and 100. This is the percentage of oil life
REMAINING based on driving conditions and mileage driven since the
last time the oil life indicator was reset.
The EOLI will not detectexcessively dustyconditions or engine
malfunctions which may effect the oil. If you drive in dusty areas, change
the engine oil after every 3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) or 3 months
(whichever comes first), unless instructed to do so sooner by the EOLI.
272
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How To Reset the Oil Life Indicator:
After the oil has been changed,
press and hold the “RANGE” and “RESET” buttons between 5 and 60
seconds. Once the buttons are released the “CHANGE OIL SOON”
light will flash 4 times to indicate it has reset to 100. If the “CHANGE
OIL SOON” light comes on for5 seconds it did not reset. You will need
to reset the system again. The percentage of oil life remaining may be
checked at any time by pressing the “RANGE” and “FUEL USED” on
the Fuel Data center.
Engine Block Heater:
An engine block heater can be a big help if you
have to park outside in very cold weather, O°F (-18OC) or colder. If your
vehicle has this option, see “EngineBlock Heater” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil:
’
A CAUTION:
Used engine oilcontains things that have caused skin cancerin
laboratory animals. Don’t let used oil stayon your skinfor very
long. Clean your skin andnails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner.Wash or properly throw awayclothing or rags
containing used engine oil.
Used oil can be a real threat to theenvironment. If you change your own
oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from the filter before disposal.
Don’t ever dispose of oil by pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead,recycle it by taking it to a place that
collects used oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of your used
oil, ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center forhelp.
AIR CLEANER
To gain access to the
air cleaner element,
loosen the fourscrews
and lift the top half of
the air cleaner
assembly.
Refer to the
.1Maintenance Schedule
to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
A CAUTION:
Operating theengine with the air cleaner off can cause you or
others tobe burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it
stops flame if the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with it off
-nd bc ---?ful workin- 3n the engine with the sir cleaner A
1
If the air cleaner
loackfire can caur - a damae g enginc
fire. And, dirt can easily get into your engine, which mil damag
it. Always have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
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AUTOMATIC T R A S . EFLUID
When to Check and Change:
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid level is when the
engine oil is changed. Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine
when to change your fluid. See "Scheduled Maintenance Services" in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have
this done at a Cadillac dealership Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here,or you
could get afalse reading on the dipstick.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle fluid level if you
have been driving:
0 When outside temperatures are above 90" F (32°C).
0 At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, thefluid should be at normal operating
temperature, which is 180°F to 200" F (82 " C to 93 " C).
Get thevehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles (24 km) when
outside temperatures areabove 50°F (10°C). If it's colder than 50°F
(10" C), you may have to drive longer.
275
To check the fluid level:
0 Park your vehicle on a level place.
Place the shift lever in "P" (Park) with the parking brake applied.
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each
gear range,pausing for about threeseconds in each range. Then,
position the shift lever in "P" (Park).
0 Let the engine run at idle for three tofive minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and then pull it back out
again.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read thelower level. The fluid
level must be in the cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is where it should be, push the dipstick back in all the
way.
How to Add Fluid:
Refer to theMaintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transaxle
fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the properfluid to bring the
level into the cross-hatched area onthe dipstick. It doesn’t take much
fluid, generally less than a pint. Don’t overfill. We recommend you use
only fluid labeled DEXRONWIE, because fluids with that label are
made especially for your automatic transaxle. Damage caused by fluid
other than DEXRONWIE
is not covered by your new vehiclewarranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as described under “How to
Check.”
When the correctfluid level is obtained, push the dipstick back in all
the way.
ENGINE COOLANT
The following explains your cooling system and how to add coolant when
it is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
The propercoolant for your Cadillac will:
0
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C)
0
Give boiling protection up to 262°F(128” C) .
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights work as they should.
What toUse:
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half
antifreeze thatmeets “GM Specification 1825-M,” which won’tdamage
aluminum parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to GM
Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush and refill. Use GM
Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer) with any complete coolant change.
If you use these, you don’t need to add anything else.
A CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be
dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquidlike alcohol, can
boil before the propercoolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper
coolant mix. With plain
water or the wrong mix, your engine could get too hot but you
wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire
and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
e.
Waf---and a proper anti”
.e
Adding Coolant
To Check Coolant:
When your engine is
cold, the coolantlevel
should beat “FULL
COLD,” or alittle
higher. When your
engine is warm, the
level should be up to
“FULL HOT,” or a
little higher.
To Add Coolant: If you need more coolant,add the proper mix at the
coolant recovery tank.
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A CAUTION:
-z.
?’
lhrning the radiator pressure capwhen the engine and radiator *si:;
are hot can allow steam and scalding liquids toblow out and
burn you badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost
never have to add coolant at the radiator. Never turn the
radiator pressure cap -- even q little -- when t k e n le and
-.
radiator
are
hot.
sz.
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279
Add coolant mix at therecovery tank, but becareful not to spill it.
-
A CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol, and itwill burn if the engine
partsare hot enouglspill coolant on a hot e-yine.
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RADUTOR PRESSURE CAP
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must be tightly Installed toprevent coolant loss and possible
engine damage from overheating. Be sure thearrows on the c
line up with the overflow tube on the radiatorfiller neck
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When you replace your radiator pressure cap, an ACS cap is
recommended.
THERMOSTAT
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine
coolant system. The thermostat stops theflow of coolant through the
radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat is recommended.
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POWER STEEHNG FLUID
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How To Check Power Steering Fluid:
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What to Add:
Use the properfluid listed in your Maintenance Schedule.
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
To Add:
Open thecap labeled
“WASHER FLUID
ONLY.” Add washer
fluid until the ‘‘FULL?
mark is reached.
282
NOTICh:
When using concentrated washerfluid, follow the
qanufacturmr +tructions for adding
water.
)on%mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution tofreeze and damage your washer fluid
nk and other parts
of the washer system. Also,water
esn’ !le; as .. - as
er fluid,
washer fluid tank only 3/4 full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion, which could damage the tankif it
is 0- --1plete’:-full.
pill ya
us adiator antifreeze in your wind - .ield washer. It
can damageyour washer system and paint.
HEADLIGHT WASHERFLUID (EXPORT
ONLY)
To Add:
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3 .
Open the caplabeled
“WASHER FLUID
ONLY.” Add
windshield washer
fluid until the bottleis
full.
BRAKE MASTER CYZINDER
Your brake master cylinder ishere. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
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There areonly two reasons why the brakefluid level inyour master
cylinder mightgo down. The first is that the brakefluid goes down to an
acceptable level during normal brake lining wear. When new liningsare
284
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put in, the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooneror later your brakes won’t
work well, or won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your
brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid when
your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid when you get new
brake linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only
when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
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A=CAUTION
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spillon the engine. The
fluid will burn if the engine
is hot enough.You or others could
be burned, andyour vehicle couldbe damaged. Add brakefluid
only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, yourbrake warning light will
come on. See “BrakeSystem WarningLight” in the Index.
To Check BrakeFluid:
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap. If it’s low, fillit
to the maximum “FLUID LEVEC’ indicator.
285
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What to Add:
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake fluid -- such as
Delco Supreme 11s (GM part No.1052535). Use new brake fluid from a
sealed container only.
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REPLACING BRAKE SYSTEM PARTS
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its many parts have
to beof top quality and work well together if the vehicle is to have really
good braking. Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your Cadillac does when it is new.When you replace
parts of your braking system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you haveto have new ones put in -- be sureyou get new
genuine GM replacement parts. If you don't, your brakes may no longer
work properly. For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are
wrong for your vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes
can change, for theworse. The braking performance you've come to
expect can change in manyother ways if someone puts in the wrong
replacement brake parts.
286
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- BATTERY
Every new Cadillac has a Delco Freedoms battery. You never have to
__
add water to oneof these. When it’s time for a new battery, we
recommend a Delco Freedoms battery. Get onethat has the catalog
number shown on theoriginal battery’s label.
?+hide Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or more, takeoff the
black, negative (-) cable from the battery. This will help keepyour battery
from running down.
A CAUTION:
Batteries haveacid that can burn you and gas that can explode.
You can be badly hurt ifyou aren’t careful. See LLJump
Starting’’
in the Index for tips on working around a battesy without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepareyour vehicle for longer
storage periods.
Battery Power Loss
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If you lose batterypower or thebattery is disconnected, your car’s
computer must be programmed. It takes just over 20 minutes to do it. If
you want to do it yourself, here’s how:
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Apply the parking brake.
Make sure the frontwheels are straight.
Turn off the Electronic Climate Control.
Start the engine in ‘‘P” (Park) and let it idle for 15 minutes. Then:
Put your foot on the brake pedal, shift the transaxle to @ and let it
idle for 3 minutes or more. Do not accelerate theengine. Then:
a,
With the vehicle in
turn the ElectronicClimate Control to “Auto”
and letthe engine idle for 3 minutes or more.
Turn your engine off.
Now your computer is programmed.
H L O G E N BULBS
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A CAUTION
I
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and can burst if you
drop or scratch the bulb. You or others could be injured. Take
special care when handling and disposing of halogen bulbs.
Lamp Housings = Exterior
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Your Cadillac’s lamp housings are designed with small ventsso moisture
will be removed when the lights are on,or after driving for a short time.
Halogen HeadlightBulb Replacement
The following procedure tells you howto remove the halogen headlamp
bulb. Follow either theDomestic or Export illustrations that best
describes your vehicle.
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:
.
)
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Domestic or Export Remove the two headlamp housing assembly
fasteners.
Domestic or Export- Gently lift the headlamp housing assembly and pull
- it forward to gain access to the bulb and socket housing.
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Domestic - Turn the housing socket 1/4 turn counterclockwise and
remove it fromthe headlamp housing.
A
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Export Remove the wiring harness plug.
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T
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Export - Remove the rubber grommet.
L
Domestic - Remove the wiring harness from the bulb socket.
Connect the wiring harness to thenew bulb socket and install into
headlamp assembly.
-
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Export Remove the retaining spring and raise it up, out of the way.
Export - Reinstall new bulb into headlamp housing assembly, reinstall
rubber grommet and wiring harness.
292
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Domestic or Export Insert the headlampassembly bracket guide into
the retainer asshown.
Then position headlampassembly and reinstall fasteners.
Taillight Bulb Replacement
4.
I
1
Remove the upper
and lower tom
screws and remove
the bezel.
2. Push up on the
taillight housing
and gently remove
it.
3. Press the bulb
housing lever,
rotate thehousing
counterclockwise
1/6 turn and
remove it.
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5
Y
4. Push and rotate bulb counterclockwise to remove bulb.
Once you have replaced the burned outbulb, just reverse the stepsto
reassemble the taillight.
CENTER HIGH MOUNTED STOPM
BULB REPUCEMENT
P
(Sedan Only)
To gain assess to thebulbs, gently pull the back panel located inside the
rear storage compartment.
Turn the socket 1/4 turn to remove it.
I
2. Disconnect the
wiring harness
connector from the
socket.
3. Remove the two
screws, and then
remove the
pedestal.
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4. Remove the two
housing screws.
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1
5. Disassemble the
housing assembly
like this.
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6. To remove the bulb,
push it in and
rotate it
counterclockwise.
Once you have replaced the burned out bulb, just reverse the stepsto
reassemble the stoplamp assembly.
WIPER BLADEREPUCEMENT
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Position the windshield wipers on thewindshield inthe mid wipeposition.
To do this, turn the ignition key to Accessory and turn thewipers on.
Then with the door open, turn the
ignition key to off.
Start with the driver side wiper blade assembly.
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Using a small
screwdriver or your
finger, gently lift the
release lever up while
at the sametime
pulling the blade
assembly from the
wiper arm.
Do the same with the passenger side wiper blade assembly.
To install the wiper
blade, align the wiper
arm pin with the hole
on the wiper blade
assembly and snapit
into place.
If you only wantto replace the wiper inserts follow these steps:
1. Disconnect the wiper insert by bending the end of the insert gently
using pliers.Then pull it from the housing retaining tab.
2. Now pull the insert from the blade housing.
3. Reinstall the new insert by aligning the blade housing tabs and the
edge of the insert. Make sure thatthe insert is connected to all the
housing tabs.
4. Install the wiper blade assembly to the wiper arm.
- LOADING YOUR VEHICLE
/
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE
CAP.
WT.
FRT. CTR. RR. TOTAL
LBS. KG
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAMEAS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD TIRE
TIRE SIZE
SPEED PRESSURE
RTG
PSVKPa
F RT.
R R.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT. ADD 4PSV28KPa SEE
OWNER’S
MANUAL
FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
GEN GME
1
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it mayproperly carry.
The Tire-Loading Information label foundon the driver’s door tells you
the propersize, speed ratingand recommended inflation pressures for
the tires on your vehicle. It also gives youimportant information about
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the number of people that can be in your vehicle and the totalweight that
you can carry. This weight is calledthe Vehicle Capacity Weight and
includes the weight of all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
__
options.
303
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATEGVWRGAWR
FRT GAWR RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY,BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTIONSTANDARDS
IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWNABOVE.
GEN GME
1
The other labelis the Certification label, found on the rear edge of the
driver’s door. It tells you the gross weight capacity of your vehicle, called
the GVWR(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, alloccupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceed the
GVWR foryour vehicle, or theGross Axle WeightRating (GAWR) for
either the front or rear
axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out. Don’t carry
more than 127 pounds (58 kilograms) in your trunk.
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A CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR or the
maximum front and rearGAWRs. If you do, parts onyour
vehicle can break,or it can change the
way your vehicle handles.
These couldcause you to lose control. Also, overloading can
shorten the lifeof your vehicle.
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If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases, tools, packages, or
anything else -- they will go as fast as the vehicle goes.If you have to stop
or turnquickly, or if there is a crash,they’ll keep going.
A CAUTION
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and injure people
in a sudden stop or tam, or in a crash.
Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as far forward as you can. lky to spread
the weight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases, inside the vehicle
so that some of them are above the tops of the seats.
When you carry something inside the vehicle, secure it
whenever you can.
a Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you need to.
TIRES
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We don’t make tires.Your new vehiclecomes with high quality tires made
by a leading tire manufacturer. These tires
are warranted by the tire
manufacturers and their warranties
are delivered with every new Cadillac.
If your spare tireis a different brand than
your road tires,you will have a
tire warranty folder from eachof these manufacturers.
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperlyused tires aredangerous.
a Overloading your tires can cause overheating
as a result of
too much friction. You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index.
e Underinflated tires pose the same danger as overloaded
tires. The resulting accidentcould cause serious iqjury.
Check all tires frequently to maintain
the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should
be checked when your tires
are cold.
I,
Overinflated tiresare more likely to be cut, punctured, or
broken by a sudden impach suchas whenyou hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
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a Worn, oldtires can cause accidents. If your treadis badly
I
worn, or if your tires have been damaged, replace them.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Informationlabel which is on the driver’s door shows
the correctinflation pressures foryour tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for atleast three hoursor driven no
more than a mile.
w
When to Check Check your tires once a monthor more. Your tire
pressure shouldbe:
30 psi (210 kPa) (Front and Rear)
35 psi (241 kPa) (Coachbuilder Package - Front and Rear)
32 psi (220 kPa) (H.D. Livery - Front and Rear)
32 psi (220 kPa) (Touring Sedan - Front)
30 psi (210 kPa) (Touring Sedan - Rear)
Recommended tiresizes are:
P205/70R15 (Front and Rear)
P215/75R15 (Coachbuilder - Front and Rear)
0 P215/60R16 Goodyear GA (Touring Sedan)
0 T125/70D15 (Compact Spare)
T125/70R15 (Touring Sedan - Compact Spare)
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. Itshould be at 60 psi (420 kPa).
307
How to Check Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. Simply looking at the tires
will not tell you the pressure,
especially if you have radial tires -- which maylook properly inflated even
if they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps,be sure to put them back on. They help
prevent leaks by keeping out dirt andmoisture.
Tire Inspectionand Rotation
To make your tires last longer, have them inspected and rotated at the
mileages recommended in your Maintenance Schedule. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Service” in the Index.
FRONT
Use this rotation
pattern.
After the tireshave been rotated, adjust the frontand rear inflation
pressure as shown on the Tire-Loading Information label. Make certain
that all wheel nuts are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the
Index.
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A CAUTION
Rust or dirt on a wheeI, or on the parts to which it is hstened,
cam make wheel nuts become loose after a time. Tbe wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When y ~ change
n
a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt fkom places where the wheel attaches to
the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper of wire brush later,
if you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. (See %hanging a
Flat Tire” in the T- ---*
When It’s Timefor New Tires
One way to tell when
it’s time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when yourtires
have only 2/32 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
You need anew tire if:
0 You can see the indicatorsat three places around the t ire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s rubber.
The tread orsidewall is cracked, cutor snagged deep enough to show
cord or fabric.
The tire hasa bump, bulge or split.
309
0
The tirehas a puncture,cut, or other damage that can’t be repaired
well because of the size or location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at theTire-Loading
Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle whenit was new had a Tire
Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) number oneach tire’s
sidewall. When you get newtires, get ones with that same TPC Spec
number. Thatway, your vehiclewill continue to have tires thatare
designed to give proper endurance,handling, speed rating, traction, ride
and otherthings during normal service on your vehicle.If your tires have
an all-season tread design, the TPC number
will be followed by a “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those nothaving a TPC Spec number,
make surethey are thesame size, load range, speed ratingand
construction type (bias,bias-belted or radial)as youroriginal tires.
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Mixing tires couldcause you to lose controlwhile driving. If you
mix tires of different sizes or types (radial and bias-belted
tires), the vehiclemay not handleproperly, and you could have a
crash. Be sure to use the samesize and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right tlol drive with your compact spare, though. It was
developed for limited useon your vehicIe.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to thesystem developed by the United
States National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration which grades tires
by treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only
to vehicles sold inthe United States.)
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Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based on thewear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course.For example, a tiregraded 150 would wear one
and a half (1 112) times as well on the government course as a tiregraded
100. The relative performance of tires dependsupon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due tovariations in driving habits, service practices and differences
in road characteristics and climate.
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Traction A, B, C
The traction grades,from highest to lowest are: A, B, and C. They
represent the tire’s ability to stop on
wet pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt
and concrete.A tire markedC may have poor tractionperformance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking
(straight-ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning)
traction.
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Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to thegeneration of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire
life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure.The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which allpassenger car tiresmust meet under the Federal Motor
Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on thelaboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
Warning: The temperature grade forthis tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and notoverloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation,
or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
Those gradesare molded on thesidewalls of passenger car tires.
311
While the tires available as standardor optional equipment on General
Motors vehicles may vary with respect to these grades,all suchtires meet
General Motors performance standards and
have been approved for use
on General Motorsvehicles. Allpassenger type (P Metric) tires must
conform to Federal safety requirements in addition to thesegrades.
Wheel Alignmentand Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were alignedand balanced carefully at the
factory to give you the longest tire life and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need tohave your wheels alignedagain.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pullingone way
or the other, thealignment may need to be reset.
If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when drivingon asmooth road, your wheelsmay need
to be rebalanced.
Meel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted. If wheel nuts
keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts,and wheel nuts should be
replaced. If the wheel leaks air out,replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, whichcan sometimes be repaired).See your Cadillac dealer if any
of these conditionsexist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying capacity,diameter,
width, offset, and be mounted the same
way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replaceany of your wheels, wheelbolts, or wheel nuts,
replace themonly with newGM original equipment parts. Thisway, you
will be sure tohave the riqht wheel,wheel bolts, and wheel nuts foryour
Cadillac model.
312
A CAUTION
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Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheelbolts, or wheel nuts
on your vehicle can be dangerous. It could affect the brakirrg
and handling ofyour vehicle, make your tires Iose air and make
you lose control. You could have a collision in which you or
others could be iqjured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts €or replacement.
I
A CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on yourvehicle is dangerous.You can't
know howit's been used or how many miles it's been driven. It
could fail suddenlyand cause an accident. If you have to replace
a wheel "se anew
GM original equipment
wheel.
313
Tire Chains
A P E R A C E CARE
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.
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CLEANING THE INSIDE OF YOUR
CADILLAC
Use avacuum cleaner oftento get rid of dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl
with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Cadillac dealer has two GM cleaners -- a solvent-type spot lifter and
a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Here aresome cleaning tips:
Always read the instructions on the cleanerlabel.
Clean up stainsas soon as you can -- before they set.
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Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area often. A soft
brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. If you use
them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spotcleaning, clean the entire areaimmediately
or it will set.
USING FOA2M-TYPE CLEANER ON FABRTC
Vacuum and brush the area toremove any loose dirt.
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask surrounding trim
along stitch or welt lines.
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Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the directions on the
container label.
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Use sudsonly and apply witha clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
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As soon as you’ve cleaned the secnon,use a sponge to remove the
suds.
Rinse the section with a clean,wet sponge.
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp papertowel or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with an air hose, a hairdryer or a heatlamp.
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Wipe with a clean cloth.
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USING SOLVENFTTPE CLEANERON
FABRlC
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner atall. Some spots and
stains will clean off better with just water andmild soap.
If you need to use it, then:
Gently scrape excess soilfrom the trim material with a clean,dull
knife or scraper. Usevery little cleaner,light pressure andclean cloths
of the
(preferably cheesecloth).Cleaning should start at the outside
stain, “feathering”toward the center. Keepchanging to a clean
section of the cloth.
0 When you clean a stainfrom fabric, immediately dry the areawith an
air hose,hair dryer, or heat lampto helpprevent acleaning ring.
(See the previous NOTICE.)
317
S P E C . CLEMING PROBLEMS
Greasy or Oily Stains:Like grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish,
coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils, wax
crayon, tar and asphalt.
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
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Then follow the solvent-type instructions above.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle
seat fabric. They should be removed as soon as possible. Be careful,
because the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to bleed.
Non-Greasy Stains:Like catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice,
milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood.
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the soiled area with cool
water.
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions above.
If an odorlingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat the areawith a
waterbaking soda solution: 1teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1cup
(250 ml) of lukewarm water.
Finally, if needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains:Like candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and
unknown stains.
@
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with cool water and allow
to dry.
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
CLEANING VINYZ OR LEATHER
Just use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You may have to doit
more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them
off quickly. Use a clean cloth and solvent-type vinyl/leather cleaner.
318
CLEMING THE TOP OF THE
INSTRUMENT PANEL
Use only mild soap and water to clean the topsurfaces of the instrument
panel. Sprays containing silicones or waxes may cause annoying
reflections in the windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
CLEMING S P E D R COWTRS
Vacuum around a Delco-Bose speaker cover gently, so that the speaker
won’t be damaged. If something gets on oneof them, follow the steps
earlier under “Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric.” Use as little
solvent as you can.
Cure of Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm soapy water (use mild dish
washing soap). Dry the wood immediately with a clean cloth.
Wood surfaces can be polished using ordinary household furniture
polishes. Apply the polish to aclean cloth, then rub the cloth on the
wood panel.
CARE OF SAFETYBELTS
Keep belts clean and dry.
A CAUTION:
Do not bleach ordye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely
weaken them. In a crash they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Cleansafety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
319
GLASS
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Part No.
1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal tobacco
smoke and dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners onglass, because they may cause scratches.
Avoid placing decals on theinside rear window, since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners areused on theinside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged. Any temporary
license should not be attached across the defogger grid.
CLEANING THE OUTSIDE OF THE
WINDSHiELDAND WIPER BLADES
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield washer, or if the
wiper blade chatters when running, wax or othermaterial may be on the
blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM Windshield Cleaner,
Bon-Ami Powdera (GM PartNo. 1050011). The windshield is clean if
beads do notform when you rinse it with water.
Clean the bladeby wiping vigorously witha cloth soaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and replaced when
worn.
CLEANING THE OUTSIDE OF YOUR
CADILLAC
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth of color, gloss
retention anddurability.
Washing Your Khicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean by
washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle inthe direct rays of the sun.Don’t use strong
soaps or chemical detergents. Useliquid hand, dish or carwashing
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4
(non-detergent) soaps.Don’t use cleaning agents that contain acid or
abrasives. -Allcleaning agents should be flushed promptly and notallowed
to dry on thesurface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,clean
chamois or a 100% cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and water
spotting.
High pressure vehicle washes may cause water to enteryour vehicle.
Pfinish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Cadillac may be necessary to
remove residue from the paint finish. You can get GM approved cleaning
products from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care andMaterials” in the
Index.)
Your Cadillac has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The clearcoat gives
more depth andgloss to thecolored basecoat.
L
CAREAND CLEmING OF PltLAETON TOP
The cloth cover material used on theCadillac Phaeton Top option is an
extremely durable material that will, with proper care, retainits
appearance fora long period of time. The topcan also be subjected to
commercial car wash equipment procedures andcleaning solutions
without adversely affecting the appearanceof the material.
Your phaeton top should be washed frequently with neutral soapsuds and
cold or lukewarm water anda soft-bristled brush. Rinsethe topwith
sufficient quantities of clear water to remove all traces of soap. If the
cover has been allowed to get severely soiled and cannot beproperly
cleaned with soap and water,a mild cleaning agent can be used, such as
G.M. Multipurpose Powdered Cleaner (G.M. Part No. 1050803). Rinse
the entire topwith water; then apply the mild cleaner on a small area
(approximately two square feet).Scrub the area with a soft-bristled hand
321
brush, adding water as necessary. Remove the cleaner and water with a
sponge and thenrinse the balance of the cleaner off with water. Use a
liberal amount of water to prevent the cleaner from running down onto
the body finish and drying. This could cause streaks to thepaint finish.
If the cover material has been stained with grease, oil or tar, use G.M.
Spot Lifter (G.M. Part No. 1051398) and follow label directions.
The texture and material of the phaeton topmaterial causes it to be
receptive to lint accumulation; therefore, the use of certain types of cloth
during cleaning operations will cause a temporary lint discoloration. To
avoid this, use a brush or suitable sponge when cleaning.
No waxes, polishes, sealers or “dressing” type materials should be applied
to the topmaterial.
ALUMINUM WHEELS
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps, chemicals, chrome polish,
or otherabrasive cleaners on them because you could damage this
coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax may be applied.
Don’t use an automatic vehiclewash that has hard silico
carbide cleaning b
WHITE S I D E W a L TIIRES
Your Cadillac dealer has a GM White Sidewall Tire Cleaner. You can use
a stiff brush with it.
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WEATHERSTRIPS
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These are places where glass or metal meets rubber. Silicone grease there
will make them last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six months.
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SHEET M E T L DAiWAGE
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal repair or
replacement, make sure the body repair shopapplies anti-corrosion
material to theparts repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
FOREIGN M A T E M L
Calcium chloride and othersalts, ice melting agents, roadoil and tar, tree
sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, and other
foreign matter can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Use cleaners that aremarked safe for painted surfaces for these
stains.
FINISH DA2MAGE
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratchesin the finish should be
repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly and may develop
into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repairedwith touch-up materials
available from your dealer or otherservice outlets. Larger areasof finish
damage can be correctedin your dealer’s body and paint shop.
UNDERBODYMMNTENNrE
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust controlcan collect on
the underbody. If these are notremoved, accelerated corrosion (rust) can
occur on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floorpan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the underbody with plain
water. Clean any areas where mud and other debriscan collect. Dirt
packed in closed areas of the frame should be loosened before being
flushed. Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing systemcan do this
for you.
CHEMIC& PMNT SPOTTING
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create achemical fallout.
Airborne pollutantscan fall upon and attack paintedsurfaces on your
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Although no defectin the paint jobcauses this, Cadillac will repair, at no
charge to theowner, the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout
condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comes first.
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APPEARANCE CARE M A T E M L S CHIGRT
GM PART
NUMBER
1051516 32
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
OZ.(0.946WASHER
L)
SOLVENT
AND GAS
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I
DE-ICER
LINE
I 32 OZ.10.946L)
I POWER
STEERING
1050017
WINDSHIELD WASHING SYSTEM
LINE GAS AND
FLUID
f POWER
STEERING
12 02.(0.354
SPRAY-A-SQUEAK
L)
1052277
USAGE
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I
WEATHER STRIPS-STOPS SQUEAKS
ON METAL-TO-METAL AND
METAL-TO-RUBBER CONTACT
10501 72 16
OZ. (0.473TAR
L)
AND ROAD OIL REMOVER REMOVES OLD WAXES, POLISHES,
TAR AND ROAD OIL
105017316
02.(0.473L)
10501 74 16
OZ. (0.473WHITE
L) SIDEWALL
TIRE
CLEANER
CLEANS WHITE AND BLACK TIRES
105021432
OZ. (0.946
VINYIJLEATHER
L)
CLEANER
SPOT AND STAIN REMOVALON
LEATHER OR VINYL
1050244
16
OZ. (0.473
FABRIC
L)CLEANER
SPOT
AND
STAIN
REMOVAL
CHROME CLEANER,
POLISH
1
REMOVES RUST AND CORROSION
ON CHROME AND STAINLESS
STEEL
ON
CLOTH AND FABRIC
~~~
1050427 23
OZ. (0.680L)
GLASS CLEANER
~
GLASS CLEANING AND SPOT
CLEANING ON VINYLS
6 LB. (2.72KG)
MULTI-PURPOSE
POWDERED
CLEANS
VINYL
AND
CLOTH
ON
ANDSEATS,
TRIM,DOOR
CLEANER
CARPET-ALSO, TIRESAND MATS
1050429
1052349 12
OZ. (0.354
LUBRIPLATE
L)
(WHITE
GREASE)
GREASE
FOR HOOD, TRUNKAND
ND ANTI-FREEZE
NTI-FREEZE COOLANT
ETHYLENE GLYCOL BASE
I
1052535
I 16 02. (0.473L)
I
I DELCO-SUPREMEII BRAKE
-_
.. . . -
..
I BRAKE
FLUID
I
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
(WN)
i
lGMl
1 G 6
NATION OF
ORIGIN
1 = USA
J
lGMl
lG6CD53BXP4200001
CD -5 3 B X P 4 2 0 0 0 0 1
-
T
I
L PRODUCTION
SEQUENCE
NUMBER
ASSEMBLY PLANT
4 = ORION,MICH.
MANUFACTURER
G = GENERAL
MOTORS
MAKE
6 = CADILLAC
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CARLINE/SERIES
CD = DEVILLE
CZ = COMMERCIAL
CHASSIS
CT = TOURINGSEDAN
VIN BODYCODE = BODY TYPE
1 = 47 COUPE 2 DOOR
5 = 69 SEDAN 4 DOOR
9 = 90COMMERClAL
-
MODELYEAR
P = 1993
- CHECK DIGIT
- ENGINECODE
B = 4.9LITER
-
0 - COMMERClALBODY/CHASSIS
RESTRAINT SYSTEM:
3 - MANUALBELTSWITHDRIVER
INFLATABLE RESTRAINT
4 - AUTOMATICBELTS
326
r
c
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This is the legal identifier foryour Cadillac. It appears on a plate in the
front corner of the instrument panel, on the driver’s side. You can see it if
you look through the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on theVehicle Certification and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code for your GM engine.
This code will help you identify your engine, specifications, and
replacement parts in this section.
SERUCE PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL
You’ll find this label on the spare tirecover in the trunk. It’s veryhelpful
if you ever need to orderparts. On this label is:
Your VIN.
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Its model designation.
Paint information.
A list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
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ADDION ELECTMCALEQUIPMENT
327
Retained AccessoryPower
When you stop your Cadillac and turn the key to Off, you can use these
accessories for 10 more minutes:
Radio
e Brake/Shift Interlock
-.
LLr
PowerWindows
Trunk Release
Astroroof
Windshield Wipers
If you open a door,everything will go off. And, after 10 minutes
everything will go off.
If you want this power for another10 minutes, just turn thekey to Run
and thenback to Off.
FUSES AND CIRCUIT BREAKERS
The wiring circuits in yourcar are protected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses and circuit breakers. This greatly reduces the chance
of fires caused by electrical problems.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a sparefuse, you
can “borrow” oneof the correctvalue. Just pick some feature of your car
that you can get along without -- like the radioor cigarette lighter -- and
use its fuse, if it is of the value you need. Be sure touse the correctfuse.
Replace it as soon as you can.There is a fuse removal tool provided on
the fuse panelcover.
-.
328
Fuse Block Access
The fuse block is located under theinstrument panel, next to theparking
brake.
To release and lower the fuse block, squeeze the two tabs together. Then,
pull it toward you. It will drop down so the fuses can be accessed.
Remove the cover to access the fuses.
To put the cover on, insertthe tabs intothe lower part of the fuseblock,
then snap itin place.
Squeeze the tabs together and then
push the fuse panel back up into the
instrument panel until it locks inplace.
329
7
4
Ezl
5
0-0
-
-
3 - 15 AMP SPARE
4 - 10 AMP - RADIO
- RADIO
- BODY COMPUTER MODULE
5 25 AMP - WSHIELD
WIPE/WASH
- WIPER/WASHER SWITCH
6 - 10 AMP - COOLING FAN
RELAYS
- HIGH SPEED COOLANT FAN
- LOW SPEED COOLANT FAN
7 - 20 AMP AIR CONDITIONIN(;
- A/C COMPRESSOR RELAY
- BODY COMPUTER MODULE
- ELECTRONIC CLIMATE
CONTROL
- CRUISE CONTROL SWITCH
- ELEC. CLIMATE CTRL PROG.
- ELEC. HEIGHT SENSOR
- FUEL DATA CENTER
- HEATED WlS CONTROL
MODULE
- INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
- REAR DEFOGGER RELAY
- WINDOW LOCKOUT SWITCH
8 - 10 AMP AhTI-LOCK
BRAKE-CONTR
* 20 AMP VAC PUMP (H.D.
CHASSIS ONLY)
- ELEC. BRAKE CONTROL
MODULE
- BR.4KE PRESSURE MODULE
- MAIN RELAY
9 - BLAVK
10 BLANK
11 20 AMP - CHIME/ClG
LTH/RADIO/PWK ANT
- POWER ANT. RELAY
- FRONT CIGAR LIGHTER
- LEFT HAND INFO. CENTER
- GLOVE COMPARTMENTLIGHT
- MULTIFUNCTION CHIME
MODULE
- RADIO
-
-
-
-
-
14
I!
10
15
20
no
-
1 - 10 AMP CRANK
- DIAG. ENERGY RESERVE
MODULE
STARTER ENABLE RELAY
2 - 10 AMP - SPARE
9
12 - 20 AMP - AUTO LEVEL
CONTROL
- ELEC. COMPRESSOR
- ELEC. HEIGHT SENSOR
- ELEC. RELAY
13 - 20 AMP - BRAKE & HAZARD
LPS
- BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
- HAZARD FLASHER
14 - 20 AMP - PARK LAMPS
- INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
- LIGHT SWITCH
- TWILIGHT SENTINEL/DAYTIME
RUNNING LIGHTS MODULE
15 - 15 AMP - CTSY LP/PWR
MIRROR
- DOME/MAP LIGHTS AND
GARAGE DOOR OPENER
- FRONT DOOR LOCK FIBER
OPTIC LIGHTS
- FRONTIREAR DOOR WARNING
LIGHTS
- FRONT/FLEET VANITYMIRROR
LIGHTS
- FRONT/REAR/QTR PANEL
COURTESY1READING LIGHTS
- TRUNK LIGHT
- LT POWER SEAT SWITCH
16 - 15 AMP - GAUCES/DR
LUCK/ILL ENT
- AUTO. DAY/NIGHT MIRROR
- AUTO. DOOR LOCK MODULE
- BODY COMPUTER MODULE
COMPUTER CONTROLLED
RIDE MODULE
- DIAG. ENERGY RESERVE
MODULE
- FUEL TANK UNIT
- ILLUMINATEDENTRY
- INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
- POWER SEATS
- KEYLESS ENTRY
- L & R GO SPECIAL SEAT CTRLS
- MULTIFUNCTION CHIME
MODULE
- RIGHT SIDE INFO. CENTER
- SEATMEMORY MODULE
- THEFT DETERRENT MODIJLE
-
330
24
1
25
I7 - 15 AMP - ENGINE CTRL MOD
- POWER CONTROL MODULE
- PASS KEY DECODER MODULE
18 10 AMI' - SUP INFL REST
- DIAGNOSTIC/ENERGY
RESERVE MODULE (DERM)
- DUAL SENSOR
19 20 AhW - TURN SIGN/BACK
UP LPS
- NEUTRAL SAFETY BACKUP
sw.
- TURN FLASHER
- TURN/HAZARD SWITCH
20 20 AMP SPARE
21 - 25 AMP - SPARE
22 - 20 AMP TRULVK RELWEL
FILLER
- TRUNK LID RELEASE SWITCH
- FUEL DOOR RELEASE SWITCH
23 - 30 AMP CB - PWR WDO/SUN
ROOF
- ASTROROOF CONTROL
MODULE
- EXPRESS DOWN WINDOW
MODULE
- POWER WINDOW SWITCHES
AND LOCKOUT RELAY
24 - 30 AMP CB - DR LKS/RR
DEFOG
- DOOR LOCK RELAY
- LEFT & RIGHT SIDE RECLINER
SWITCHES
- LEFT & RIGHT SEAT SWITCHES
- L & R 60 SPECIAL SEAT CTRL
-
-
-
-
sw.
- REAR DEFOGGER
- SEAT MEMORY MODULE
-
KEYLESS ENTRY
25 - 10 AMP INST PANEL LAMPS
- ASHTRAY LIGHT
- BODY COMPUTER MODULE
- ENGINE COMPARTMENTLIGHT
- I/P AND SWITCH BACK LIGHTS
- RADIO DISPLAY DIMMING
INPUT
-
Interior Relay Center Access
I
You’ll find the interior
relay center under the
right side of the
instrument panel.To
gain access, remove
two screwsfrom the
4
Mmi Fuses
I
To gain access to the
maxi fuses, remove the
cover located in the
engine compartment.
If a maxi fuse should
blow, have your vehicle
serviced by your
Cadillac dealer
immediately. There
are extrafuses located
in the maxi fuse block.
E
*
I
25 AMP-HORN/
TRUNKPULL DN
15 AMP
ERLS
20 AMP
15 AMP-
DOOR LOCK
FUEL
PUMP
10 AMPINJECTOR
10 AMPINJECTOR
BLOWER
10 AMP
HEATED
MIRROR
io AMP-A/C
@
-
I
+
B
*
I
A
+\
I
\'I
'p'
RELAY CENTER IDENTIFICATION
@ @@
4
4
4
)s(
F
G
H
J
25 AMP HORN/TRUNK PULLON
H.ORNRELAY
- PULL DOWN UNIT
15 AMP DOOR LOCK
DOORLOCKSWITCHES
- OUTSIDEMIRROR
CONTROL SWITCH
- LT AND RT REAR CIGAR LIGHTS
- KEYLESSENTRY
- TRUNK LID RELEASE
- AUTOMATICDOORLOCKS
- ILLUMINATEDENTRY
- LT ANDRTREAR
DOOR LOCK SWITCHES
- LT AND RT REAR DOOR COURTESY
LIGHTS
10 AMP HEATED MIRROR
10 AMP A/C PROGRAMMER
15 AMP ERLS
- A/CCOMPRESSOR
CONTROL RELAY
- VISCOVS CONVERTER CLUTCH BRAKE
SWITCH
- EGRSOLENOID
- VAPORCANISTER
PURGE SOLENOID
-
C
I
fz[(F]
RELAY PANEL
-
D
4
POWERSTEERING
PRESSURE SWITCH
20 AMP FUEL PUMP
- FUEL PUMP RELAY
- ENGINE OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
10 AMP INJECTOR
- FUELINJECTORS 2,3,5
AND a
10 AMP INJECTOR
- FUELINJECTORS 1 , 4 , 6
AND 7
-
RELAYS
A.ANTENNARELAY
B.BOSERELAY (IF EQUIPPED)
C.DEFOGGERRELAY
D. WINDOW LOCKOUT RELAY
E. RETAINED ACCESSORY POWER REMY
NO. 2
F. RETAINED ACCESSORY POWER RELAY
NO. 1
G. ELECTRONIC LEVEL
CONTROL (ELC)
H. FUEL PUMP RELAY
J. HORN RELAY
I-
LEFT HAND SIDE
ABS PMP (40 AMP)
- ABS PUMP RELAY
ABS MA (30 AMP)
- MAINRELAY
RIGHT HAND SIDE
SPARE (30 AMP)
1GN SW (60 AMP)
- RETAINED ACCESSORY POWER
- IGNITIONSWITCH
ELC (40 AMP)
- POWER TO FUSES 11 AND 12
(SEE FUSE BLOCK)
COOL FAN (40 AMP)
- COOLANT FAN RELAYS
MlSC LTS (60 AMP)
- POWERS FOR FUSES 13,14
AND 15 (SEE FUSE BLOCK)
BLWR (30 AMP)
- ELECTRONIC CLIMATE CONTROL
- POWERMODULE
- BLOWER CONTROL MODULE
ECM (20 AMP)
- BODY CONTROL MODULE (BCM)
- ELECTRONIC CONTROL MODULE
(ECM)
- PASS KEY DECODER MODULE
BOSE/SPARE (20 AMP)
- BOSE RADIO RELAY IF EQUIPPED
PWR LK SEATS RR DEF (50 AMP)
- POWER TO CB 24 (SEE FUSE
BLOCK)
'
HDLPS (30 AMP)
- HEADLIGHT SWITCH
IGN (60 AMP)
- THEFTDETERRENT
- IGNITIONSWITCH
SPARE (60 AMP)
HORN (40 AMP)
- POWER TO FUSES 1 AND 2 (SEE
FUSE BLOCK)
HTD W/S SPARE (20 AMP)
- HEATED WINDSHIELD IF
EQUIPPED
333
Headlights
The headlight wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in the light switch.
An electrical overload will cause the lights to go on and off, or in some
cases to remain off. If this happens, have your headlight wiring checked
right away.
r
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wipermotor is protected by a circuit breaker and a fuse.
If the motor overheats due
to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until
the motorcools. If the overload is caused by some electrical problem and
not snow, etc.,be sure toget it fixed.
I
_
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect thepower windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting thecircuit until the problem is fixed or goes
away.
-
BULB CHART
DESCRIPTION
BULB NO.
AshTray Illumination ..................................
1445
Backup Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Center High Mount Stop Light ..........................
1141
CorneringLight ........................................
881
Courtesy Light
-Doors (White) .......................................
12864
-Rear Courtesy/Reading .............................. .562/561
-Doors Warning (Red) .................................
12864
Courtesy/Maplight
906
-Without Astroroof .....................................
56'1
-With Astroroof ........................................
Cruise Control Illumination ..............................
194
Cruise Control Indicator .................................
141
ECCHead Illumination ..................................
37
Fuel Data Center Illumination ............................
194
194
Glove Compartment Light ...............................
Headlights Composite
-.
c
-
L
.
f-
I-
r
I
7
7
P
I-
-Inner High Beam .....................................
9005
-Outer Low Beam .....................................
9006
192
Illumination Entry Lock Lamp ............................
194
Instrument Panel Illumination ............................
Instrument Panel Telltales ................................
194
License Plate Light .....................................
194
Park and Turn Signal ................................
2057NA
Parking Lights ......................................
194NA
Side Marker Lights Front ................................
194
24
Side Marker Lights Rear ..................................
Stop/Tail/TurnSignal ...................................
3051
Taillight ...............................................
194
Trunk Light .............................................
93
561
Underhood Light .......................................
7065
Front Vanity Mirror Illumination .........................
Rear Vanity Mirror Illumination ............................
74
NORlMAL M N T E N A N C E REPLACEMENT PARTS
Air Cleaner Element .........................
AC Type A1096C
.................................................
25096932
Battery .............................................
78A-72
Fuel Filter Element ............................
AC Type GF-580
................................................. 2512.1468
Engine Oil Filter .............................
AC Type PF-45
.................................................
25010324
PCV Valve ................................
AC Type CV-774C
..................................................
6487779
Sparkplugs ......................................
AC 41-902
..................................................
5614235
03528110
Serpentine Drive Belt ..............................
.................................................. 6PK2191
AC Type RC 27
Radiator Cap ................................
..................................................
6410427
Thermostat ..................................
AC Trpe 131-60
..................................................
3528974
25612204
Upper Radiator Hose ..............................
Lower Radiator Hose ..............................
25559442
8651909
TransFilter ........................................
TransPanGasket ...................................
8676250
335
SPECIFICATIONS
ENGINE
Displacement ...............................
.4.9L (300 cu.in.)
No. of Cylinders ..............................
8 - 90 Degree V
Power (ACC.to SAE 51349) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 (bhp) @ 4100 rpm
......................................
150 (kW) @ 4100 rprn
Torque (ACC.to SAE 51349) ............ 275 (lbs. ft.) @ 3000 rpm
...................................... 375 (N-m) @ 3000 rpm
Bore .......................................
92mm (3.623 in.)
Stroke .....................................
92mm (3.623 in.)
9.5:l
Compression Ratio ....................................
Die Cast Aluminum
Cylinder Block- ...........................
Cylinder Block Bore Liners .........................
Cast Iron
Cast Iron
CylinderHead .....................................
Intake Manifold ..............................
Cast Aluminum
Roller Hydraulic Lifters
Valve System ..........................
Intake Valve ................................
45mm (1.772 in.)
Exhaust Valve ...............................
38mm (1.496 in.)
Cast Aluminum
Pistons ......................................
1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2
Firing Order ..................................
Left Bank ..........................................
1-3-5-7
2-4-6-8
Right Bank .........................................
Steel
Camshaft .............................................
Width.. ...................................
.16.2mm (0.64 in.)
Pitch .....................................
.12.7mm (0.50 in.)
Chain
Drive v p e ..........................................
Pearlitic Nodular Iron
Crankshaft .............................
5
MainBearings ...........................................
ENGINE LUBRYCATION SYSTEM
Oil Pressure @ 1000 rpm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.5-26 psi (100-180kPa)
Type of Intake .....................................
Stationary
Full-Flow
Filter System ......................................
336
- ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
Radiator CapRelief Pressure ................. 1 5 . 0 ~ s(104
i
kPa)
Thermostat StartsTo Open ................ 192-199 F (89-93'C)
Water Pump Type .................................
Centrifugal
Drive Belt .......................................
Serpentine
Aluminum
Radiator Core ...................................
Electric
Radiator Cooling Fans ( 2 ) ............................
FUEL SYSTEM
Induction Type ............ Sequential Port Fuel Injection (SPFI)
System Pressure .....................
33.4-43.5 psi (230-300kPa)
ECM Controlled
Idle Speed ..................................
Filter Type ...............................
Paper Type Element
Fuel Pump ................................
Electric (In Tank)
Fuel Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Premium Unleaded (91 Octane)
AUTOlMATIC TRANSAXLE
Trade Name ................... Turbohydramatic (THM) 4T60E
.....................................
4-Speed Automatic
.................................... Viscous Converter Clutch
Fluid Required ..............................
DEXRON IIEB
Axle Ratio ...........................................
2.73:l
Axle Ratio (Touring Sedan) ............................
2.97: 1
Type
~
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Controlled Flow
Exhaust Gas Recirculation ....................
Ceramic Monolith
Catalytic Converter .........................
Evaporative Emission Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charcoal Canister
PCV Valve
Crankcase Emission Control .......................
Open and Closed Loop
Electronic System .....................
337
EXECAUST SYSTEM
Type ...............................
Single with Crossover Pipe
Muffler ..................................
One-Reverse Flow
Resonator ............................................
None
Exhaust Pipe ..................................
Stainless Steel
Stainless Steel
Intermediate Pipe .............................
Tail Pipe .....................................
Stainless Steel
ELECTHCAL, SYSTEM
Voltage ................................................
12
Negative
Ground ...........................................
Generator ........................................
140 AMP
AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM
Refrigerant-12.(R-12) .........................
2.87 lb.(1.30 kg)
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning system in your vehicleneeds refrigerant,be sure the proper
refrigerant is used. If you’re not sure, ask yourCadillac dealer.
FLUID CAPACITIES
Automatic Transaxle (Overhaul) ................... 20 pts (9.5L)
With Filter Change ..............................
13 pts (6.2L)
Engine Oil ..................................
5 quarts (4.7 L)
With Filter Change ..........................
5.5 quarts (5.2 L)
Engine Cooling System ......................
12 quarts (11.4 L)
Fuel Tank ...............................
18.0 gallons (68.1L)
Power Steering ..............................
1.3 quarts (1.2 L)
Windshield WasherReservoir ..................3.7 quarts (3.5 L)
TIGHTEN TURQUE
Spark Plug ................................
31N.m (23 lbs. ft.)
Oil Pan Drain Plug. .........................
30N-m (22 lbs. ft.)
Wheel Lug Nut ...........................
140 N-m (100 lbs. ft.)
338
VEJYIC'LE DIMENSIONS
Coupe
Shipping Weight ...........................
-3424 lbs. (1553 kg)
Wheel Base ..............................
.110.8 in. (2815 mm)
.202.3 in. (5139 mm)
Length ..................................
55 in. (1397 mm)
Height .....................................
Width.. ..................................
.72.5 in. (1842 mm)
Front Tread ...............................
.60.3 in. (1532 mm)
Rear Tread ...............................
.59.8 in. (1518mm).
Sedan
Shipping Weight (Touring Sedan) ............ .3556 lbs. (1613 kg)
Shipping Weight (DeVille) .................. -3510 lbs. (1592 kg)
.113.8 in. (2890 mm)
Wheel Base ..............................
Length ..................................
.205.3 in. (5214 mm)
55 in. (1397 mm)
Height .....................................
.72.5 in. (1842 mm)
Width.. ..................................
Front Tread ...............................
.60.3 in. (1532 mm)
Rear Tread ............................... .59.8 in. (1518 mm)
339
NOTES
r
F
e
NOTES
..
341
NOTES
I
I
342
NOTES
343
NOTES
344
I
r
NOTES
I
I
I.
-iI
r
345
NOTES
t
"j
346
p
NOTES
!-I
I
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!
f'
i
t
347
NOTES
NOTES
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'
!349
h
t,-.CERTIFIED
We employ technicians
certifiedby the
for
National Institute
AUTOMOTIVE
SERViCE
EXCELLENCE
Let us show you their credentials
c
Catalog Number H-3024
Part Number 3532639B
..
1
OUR COMMITMENT TO YOUR SATISFACTION
We are committed to providing you the finest ownership experience in the
world, starting the moment you take delivery of your new Cadillac.
Cadillac offers anothermajor step toward yourcontinued satisfaction...with
Cadillac Roadside Service. Roadside Service is your key to peace of mind
ownership-one that covers you on the road, far from home, all day and
night, and during the weekend. Roadside Service represents the spirit of
luxury leadership atCadillac Motor Car Division. We hone the need never
arises, but if it does, Roadside Service can help.
How Can Roadside Service Help You?
Cadillac Roadside Service with a staff of phone advisors trained in Cadillac
service excellence offers assistance exclusively to Cadillacowners. In many
cases, the advisor can quicklyhelp resolve your car problem over the phone.
-.
If the phoneadvisor determines thatit may be possible to repair your car at
roadside and a technician is available, the advisor will arrange for an
experienced Cadillac dealership technician to contactyou, and if appropriate, travel to your location in a specially equipped vehicle and attempt to
repair your car on-site. The Roadside Servicevehicle contains the necessary
tools and parts to complete most minor repairs to get you back on the road.
Roadside Service phone advisors and technicians are trained by Cadillac and
are familiar with your car, which provides a level of service knowledge
usually found only at your Cadillac Dealership. Because Roadside Service
assists Cadillac owners exclusively,your call always receives top priority and
immediateaction. Should you requirea tow truck, locksmith, hotel
accommodations, or other vital services on a moments notice, Roadside
Service will locate and make the arrangements foryou promptly.
1
f7
CnEen Is Roadside Service Available?
Cadillac owners have the peace of mind knowing that Roadside Service is
available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, as follows:
TYPE OF
MONDAY-FRIDAY
ASSISTANCE
HOLIDAYS
Phone Advisor
AND
WEEKENDS
24 Hours
24 Hours
Dealer Technician 500 p.m.-12:OO midnight 8:OO a.m.-12:00 midnight
Outside Service
24 Hours
., 24
Hours
-
Where Is I..Available To You?
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada
an advisor isavailable to
assist you over the phoneand a dealertechnician will travel to your location
within a 30 mile radius,of a participating Cadillac dealership. If you are not
within a 30 mile radius, we will arrange tohave your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership or service facility of your choice, after which you may
recontact us for furtherassistance.
E
A
A
2
How Do You Obtain Roadside Service?
Just dial the special toll-free number and an experienced advisor at the
Cadillac Roadside Operations Center will assist you. The advisor will ask
your name, home address,
location and the telephone number
you’re calling
from (avoid using credit card phones, since return calls cannot be placed to
you through them),along with the location of your Cadillac, the model year,
Vehicle Identification Number, and a description of the problem.
Remember, Roadside Serviceisavailable to drivers of any model year
Cadillac.
!
:
Who Will Repair Your Cadillac At-Roadside?
In many cases, the advisor at the Roadside Service Operations Center can
provide instructions to get youback on the road. For more complex
problems, the advisor will have an experienced Cadillac Dealership Service
Technician,whenavailable,
call you. The technician will evaluate the
possible causeof the problem and, if you choose, come to your assistance to
attempt a roadside repair.
3
What If Your Cadillac Cannot Be Repaired at Roadside?
When you call the Roadside Operation Center,the advisor will determine if
your car can be repaired at roadside within a reasonable period of time
(approximately 45 minutes). If your car can't be repairedwithin that timeor
requires the resources of a Cadillac dealership service facility, the advisor
will arrange tow service for you. Towing may also be necessary after the
technician has attempted a repair, but determines that your car cannot be
repaired at roadside.
If arrangements for towing are made by an advisor from the Cadillac
Roadside Operations Center, it is for the convenience of the owner and
Cadillacis
not responsible forthe
towcompany.
During the first
12 month/12,000 mile period towing services are covered for any disablement. Beyond this period, if the repair is covered under the applicable
General Motors New Car Limited Warranty, the towing expense will be
eligible for reimbursement by the servicing Cadillac dealership.
4
Is There Any Membership Or Enrollment Fee?
There is no membership or enrollment fee for
Cadillac is eligible under this program.
Roadside Service-- any
While Cadillac Roadside Service isnot an auto club, the services and repairs
provided often go beyond those offeredby some auto clubs .Our objective is
to provide immediate assistance to ensure that all Cadillac drivers are
assisted in a professional and timely manner with the help of experienced
Cadillac advisors and dealership technicians.
m7tat Will Roadside Service Cost You
There is no cost to call the toll-free Roadside Service number.
If a dealershipService Technician travels toyour location, there is a nominal
service fee to cover the technician's travel to and from your location. Labor
is charged at one and a half times the Cadillac dealership retail labor rate,
with a 30-minute minimum. There is also a charge forany parts used and a
mileage fee if the technician travels beyond 30 miles.
If the repair toyour car is determined to beeligible for coverage under the
General Motors New Car LimitedWarranty, the participating Cadillac
Roadside Service dealership will arrange for a reimbursement for the total
cost of the repair on the next business day.
5
Additional No Charge badside Service Special Features For CadillQc
Owners:
0
Emergency Road Service Performed at the Scene for the Following
Disablements - during the first 12 month/12,000 mile period.
Lock Out Assistance
Battery
Jump
Starts
Gas Delivery
Change
0TireFlat
0
Towing Service
Only*)
Change
(Covers
*Determination of replacement tire under WarrantyCoverage must
be made by a Cadillac dealershipor appropriate tire manufacturer.
0
0
Trip Interruption- If your trip is interrupted due towarranty
a
failure,
incidental expenses may be reimbursed during the 12 months/12,000
mile period. Items covered are hotel, meals and rental car.
Trip Routing- Free triprouting assistance is available during the first
four years. Within a week of contacting Roadside Service wlth your
travel plans, Cadillac will provide adetailedtriprouting
and
personalized North American Road Altas.
How Do You Pay For Roadside Service?
Payment is due at the time the repair is performed. Payment may be made by
cash, personal check or any major credit card honored by the participating
Cadillac dealership.
6
7
.
*
What If You've Locked Your Kkys In The Car?
If your keys are locked in the car, the technician or locksmith must be given
proof of ownership (original vehicle registration and your driver's license)
beforeattempting to enterthe vehicle. Thisprecaution is for your
protection. For this reason we suggest you carry your vehicle registration and
Gold Key Card which includes aconvenient credit card type key.This special
key can be used to unlock either front dooror the trunk compartment.
What If Your Car Is In An Unsafe Location Or On A Limited Access
Highway?
If your car is located in an area that is determined to be unsafe
(by you, the
advisor or the technician), or
if the vehicle is on a limited access freeway or
regulated highway, the advisor will arrange to tow your Cadillac to a safe
location, where service can be performed. Additional assistance will be
provided if necessary.
Other Roadside Services
Cadillac Roadside Service is committed to your total peace of mind and is
staffed by Cadillac-trained phone advisors and technicians to provide phone
or on-site repair assistance. Beyond the coverage period Roadside Service
can also arrange a wide variety of other services to assist YOU, such as:
Flat Tire Change
0 TOW
Service 0 Battery Jump Start
0 Trip Routing
Fuel Delivery
0 Locksmith
0 Hotel Information
Tmxi
0 Lost Keys
While there is no charge forsome of these items during the
specified period,
the owner is responsible for any expenses beyond the covered period.
We hope you never need any of the emergency services, but if you do,
Roadside Service can promptly locate and arrange them foryou wherever
you travel in the United States or
Canada. It’s part of how Cadillac Roadside
Service is dedicated toyour continued satisfaction.
Glove CompartmentDecal And Wallet Card
The Roadside Service toll-free number is located on a decal in the glove
compartment, on the wallet card in the back of the Gold Key Owner’s
Literature portfolio and on the Gold Key Card you received shortly after
taking delivery of your new Cadillac.
TOLL-FREEHOTLINE
c
.
L1
Information To Provide When Calling Cadillac Roadside Service
When you call Cadillac Roadside Service,the advisor will ask yourname and
home address, the telephone number
and location you are calling from, the
location of your Cadillac and a description of the problem. The advisor will
ask the following information about your Cadillac:
0
Vehicle Identification Number WIN)
0
of the
This 17 character code is located on the driver’s side top surface
instrument paneland may be seen through the windshield.
Model and Year
0 Delivery Date
0 Mileage
8
!
I
.-
OWNER ASSISTANCE
This section will explain how to contact Cadillac
if you need assistance. It also tells you
how to obtain service publications and how
to report any safety defects.
This section includes the following:
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Zone and Central Office Addresses
Customer Assistance for Hearing/Speech Impaired
MediatiodArbitration Program
Reporting Safety Defects
Product Service Publications(PSPs)
Owner’s Manuals and Service Manuals
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION PROCEDURE
__
~~
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally,
any problems with the sales transaction
the operation
or
of your vehicle will
be resolved
by your dealer’s Sales or Service Departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your concern
has not been
resolved to your satisfaction, the following steps should
be taken:
STEP ONE -Discussyour problem witha member of dealership management.
Satisfaction can often
be quickly obtained at that level.
If the matter has already been
or
reviewed with the Sales, Service or Parts Manager, contact the General Manager
owner of the dealership.
STEP TWO If after contacting a memberof Dealership Management,it appears
your problem cannotbe resolved by the dealership without further help,contact the
Cadillac Consumer Relations Center
24 hours per day by calling
1-800-458-8006 or
if you havean AllantC call 1-800-ALLANTk.
In Canada, contactGM of Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 ENGLISH or 1-800-263-7854 FRENCH.
InMexico,call1-900-254-17-86.InPuertoRico,
U.S. VirginIslands,call
1-809-763-1315. In all other overseas locations, contact GM International Export
Sales in Canada by calling 1-416-644-4112.
-
-.
1
For prompt assistance, please have the following information available
Consumer Relations Representative:
to give the
- Your name, address and telephone number
- Vehicle Identification Number (This
is available
from the vehicle registration
or
title, or the plate attached
to the left top of the instrument panel and through
visible
the windshield.)
- Dea€ership nameand location
- Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
- Nature of problem
In order to give your inquiry prompt attention, please call the appropriate toll fiee
to write Cadillac, please send
all correspondenceto
number listed. However, if you wish
the respective United
States, Canada orGM Overseas Central Office address listed
on
the following page.
When contacting Cadillac, please remember
yourthat
problem will likely
be resolved in
the dealership, using dealership facilities, equipment and personnel. That why
is we
suggest you follow Step One first.
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE FOR THE HEARING OR
SPEECH IMPAIRED
To assist owners who have hearing difficulties, Cadillac has installed special TDD
(TelecommunicationDevicesfortheDeaf)equipmentin
its ConsumerRelations
to a TDD or a
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who has access
conventionalteletypewriter my) can communicate with Cadillacbydialing:
1-800-TDD-CMCC. (TDD users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830).
2
7
- ZONE AND CENTRAL OFFICE ADDRESSES
CENTRAL OFFICES
UNITED STATES
Consumer Relations Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
2860 Clark
Detroit, Michigan 48232
1-800458-8006 (24 Hours)
1 - 8 O O - A L L m (Allantks only)
CANADA
Consumer Relations Department
General Motors of Canada Limited
Oshawa, Ontario L1J 526
1-800-263-3777 (ENGLISH)
1-800-263-7854 (FRENCH)
INTERNATIONAL EXPORT
SALES
P.O. Box 828
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7N1
Fax: 416-644-4866
Telex: 8214981215
CADILLAC ZONE OFFICES
CENTRAL ZONE
Post Office Box 33109
Detroit, Michigan 48232
LOS ANGELES ZONE
Post Office Box 5018
Thousand Oaks,California
91359-5018
FLORIDA ZONE
Barrette Bank Centre
Fifth Floor
625 North Flagler
West Palm Beach,
Florida 33401
MIDWEST ZONE
Post Office Box 3002
Naperville, Illinois 60566
NORTHWEST ZONE
Post Office Box 23850
Oakland, California 94623
MID-ATLANTIC ZONE
Post Office Box9010
Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087
SOUTHWEST ZONE
Post Office Box 660118
Dallas, Texas 75266-0118
EASTERN ZONE
Post Office Box 3003
Parsippany, New Jersey 07054
*NOTE: The state of
Alaska is serviced by
the Northwest Zone.
The state of Hawaii is serviced
by the Los Angeles Zone.
SOUTHEAST ZONE
Post Office Box 50256
Atlanta, Georgia 30302
3
GENERAL MOTDRS OF CANADA REGIONAL OFFICES
CALGARY, AB T2P 3W7
4220 Blackfoot Trail
P.O. Box 2510
1-800-263-3777
TORONTO, ONTARIOM3C lJ1
1200 Eglinton Ave. E.
416-359-0588
1-800-263-3777
MONTREAL, QUEBEC
H9R 4R2
5000 Trans-Canada Hwy.
Pointe Claire, Quebec
1-800-263-7854
GENERAL MOTORSOFFICES OVERSEAS
FAR EAST
GM Overseas
Distribution Corp.
Roppongi Fuji Building
2-6 Nishiazabu 3-Chome
Minato-Ku
Tokyo, Japan 106
Telephone: 03-470-3461
Telex: JAPAUTO J22776
DUBAI
GMODCDES Middle East
Regional Marketing Office
Dubai International Trade Centre
Level 30
P.O. Box 9233
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Telex: 46542 GMODC EM
SAUDI ARABIA
GM Overseas
Distribution Corp.
P.O. Box 5784
Jeddah, 21432 Saudi Arabia
Telephone: 02-665-3380
Telex: 401748 GMOT SJ
EUROPE
GMODCflES Europe RMO
C/O GM Service GMBH
Postfach 1710
D-6090 Ruesselsheim
Federal Republic of Germany
Telephone: 6142-602319 or 312
Telex: 4182841 GMO D
Fax: 6142-82632 or Code (02)
PUERTO RICO
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS
GM Overseas Distribution Corp.
Centro Commercial
san Francisco
Rio Piedras. Puerto Rim
Mail: G.P.O. Box G4382
San Juan,Puerto Rim 00936
Telephone: 809-763-1315
Telex: 3450394
MEXICO
General Motors de Mexico
Consumer Relations Supervisor
Service Department
Apartado Postal 107-BIS
Mexico 1, D.F.
Telephone: 905-245-17-86
Telex: 1763 185
.c
-.
GM PARTICIPATION IN BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU
MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM*
Our experience has
shown that the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described
in earlier
this section has been very successful in achieving customer satisfaction.
If you have
discussed a concern with your Dealership management and have not been able to
resolve it, let us know. Questions and concerns are resolved most efficiently if you
telephone or write directly
to our offices as described. However, if you have not been
substantially satisfied, Cadillac wants toyou
beaware ofGM's voluntary participation
in a nocharge mediatiodarbitration program called BBB
AUTO LINE. This program
is administered bythecouncil of Better Business Bureaus
through 1ocalBetterBusiness
Bureaus. It canresolveindividualdisputesinvolvingvehiclerepairsandthe
interpretation of your New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
We prefer that you not resort to BBB
AUTO LINE until after a final decision is made
under the Customer Satisfaction Procedure. However, you may file a claim at any time
by contacting your local Better Business Bureauor(BBB)
calling the following
24 hour
toll-freenumber to obtain the telephonenumberofyournearestBBBoffice:
1-800-955-5100. For further information about filling a claim, you may also twrite
o:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, Virginia22203
In order to file a claim, you will have to provide your name and address, the vehicle
identification number (VIN)of your vehicle, and a statement of the nature of your
If
complaint. BBB staff may try to help resolve your dispute through mediation.
mediation is not successful, or
if you do not wish
to participate in mediation, eligible
customers may present their caseto an impartial third party arbitrator at
an informal
in your case, which you may accept or
hearing. The arbitrator will render a decision
reject. If you accept a valid arbitrator decision, Cadillac will be bound by that decision
The entire dispute settlement process should take
ordinarily
about40days from the time
you file your complaint to the time a decision is rendered
47 days (or
if you did not first
contact your dealership or Cadillac).
We encourage you touse this program before or insteadof resorting to the courts. We
believe it offers advantages over courts
in most jurisdictions because itis fast, free of
charge, and informal (lawyers are
not usually present, although you may retain one at
your expense if you choose). Arbitrators make decisions based on the principlesof
fairness and equity. They are not required to duplicate the functions of courts by stri
applying state or federal
law. If you wish to go to court however,
do we
not require that
you first file a claim with
BBB AUTO LINE ** unless state law provides otherwise.
Whatever your preference may
be, remember thatif you are unhappy with the results of
BBB AUTO LINE, you canstill go to court becausean arbitrator's decision is binding
on Cadillac but not you
on unlessyou accept it.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age/mileage, on the component involvedand other
factors. For further information concerning the program,
call your local BBB or call
1-800-955-5100
for the toll-free number of
your nearest BBB. You may also call the
Cadillac Consumer Assistance Center.
*Thisprogram may not be available in allstates, depending on state law. (Canadian
owners should referto the C a d i a n Warranty Booklet). General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or to discontinue its participation in this
program.
** Some states may require that you first file a claim withBBB AUTO LINE before
resorting to state operated procedures (including
court).
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TOTHE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which couldcause a crash
or could cause
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA),in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSAreceives similar complaints, itopen
may
an investigation, andit iffinds that a
safety defect exists in a group
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign,
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
dealer, or General Motors.
To contactNHTSA,youmayeithercalltheAutoSafetyHotlinetoll-Free
at
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area) or write toNHTSA,
U.S.
Department of Transportatior., Washington,D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TOTHE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada,
and you believe that your vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General Motors
of
Canada Ltd. YoumaywritetoTransportCanadaatBox
8880, Ottawa,Ontario
K1G 352.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO GENERAL
MOTORS
r
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like this, we
certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please call us at
our Consumer Relations Center,
1-800-458-8006, or in Canadacall, 1-8W263-3777, (English) or1-8W263-7854
(French), or write: Cadillac Motor Car Division, Consumer Relations Center, 2860
Clark Avenue Detroit,MI 48232.
6
L
,
SERVICE PUBLICATIONS
Information onhow toobtain Product Service Publications, subscriptions, Indexes and
summaries as describedbelowis applicable only in fifty
the US. states (and the District
fo Columbia) and only for cars and
light trucks withGVWR less than10,OOO pounds
(4 536 kg).
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service Bulletins and Indexes can be
obtained by writing to: General Motors of Canada Limited,
Service Publications
Department, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7.
Cadillac regularly sends its dealers useful service bulletins about Cadillac products.
Cadillac monitors product performance in the field. We then prepare bulletins for
servicing our products better, Now, youcan get these bulletins
too.
Bulletins cover various subjects. Some pertain to the proper use and care of your
vehicle. Some describe costly repairs. Others describe inexpensive repairs which,
if
done on time with the latest parts, may avoid future costly repairs. Some abulletins tel
technician howto repair a new or unexpected condition. Others describe a quicker way
to fix your vehicle. They can help a technician service your vehicle better.
-
to conditions affecting a small number
of vehicles Your Cadillac
Most bulletins apply
may haveto determine if a specific bulletin applies
dealership or a qualified technician
to your vehicle.
You can subscribe to all Cadillac bulletins.
This way you’llget them as they come out.
You can wait a while and get an index to the bulletins. You can also.get individual
bulletins. However, you’ll need the index to identify them.
Subscriptions
You cansubscribe to all Cadillac Product Service Publications
(PSPs). This will include
bulletins for all cars sold
by Cadillac and will not
be limited to PSPs applicable to any
particular model. When you buy a subscription, you will receive
PSPsthe
in periodic
mailings shortly after they come out. A subscription costs $100.00 U.S. ($110.00
including a special binder) and it entitles
to all
youPSPs published by Cadillac during
that modelyear. You can purchases a subscription by sending
acheckor money orderto
Cadillac Service Publications, Post Office
Box 07130,Detroit, Michigan48027,along
with the order form located on page
15. Your may get additions subscription ordering
forms by calling the toll-free number shown in this sectionor your can find them at
participating dealerships.
Individual PSPs
If you don’t want
to buy all the
PSPs issued by Cadillac for all models in the model year,
you can buy individual
PSPs such as those which may
pertain to a particular model.
To
do this,you will first need
to see our indexof PSPs.It provides avarietyof information.
Here’s what you’ll find
in the index and how you can
get one.
7
What You’ll find inthe Index:
#
+
+
A list of all PSPs published by Cadillac in a model year (1990 or later). PSPs
covering all models
of Cadillac cars are listed
in the same index.
Ordering informationso you can buy the specificPSPs you may want.
Price information forPSPs you may want to buy.
How You Can Get an Index:
Indexes are published periodically. Most
of thePSPs which could potentially apply to
the most recent Cadillac models by
will
listed in the last quarterly publication for that
of the model year before
model year. This means you may wantto wait until the end
orderingan index, if you are interested in PS
buying
Pspertaining toa current model year
vehicle.
Some PSPs pertaining to a particular model year vehicle may be published
on later
years, and these would
be listed in the later year’s index. When you order ana index for
model year that is not over yet, we’ll send you the most recently published quarterly
issue. You can specify an index for
an earlier model year, but not before
1990.
Cut out the order
form, fill it out,
and mail it. We will
see to it that an index is mailed
to
you. There is no charge for indexes for the1990-1993 model years.
Toll-Free Telephone Number
If you wantan additional ordering form for an index or a subscription,
just call toll-free
and we’ll be happy to send you one. Automated recording equipment willtake your
name and mailing address. The number to call is1-800-551-4123.
Copies at Participating Dealers
L --r
Copies of Indexes and individualPSPs are at your Cadillac dealership.
You can ask to
see them.
A VERY IMPORTANT REMINDER:
These PSPs are meant for technicians. They
are
not meant for the ‘do-it-yourselfer’. Technicians have the equipment, tools, safety
instructions, and training
to do a job quicklyand safely.
to change these procedures without notice after November,
Cadillac reserves the right
1991.
Cadillac Owner’s Manuals and Service Publications
You can get these by using the order form. Additionally, past model
Owner’s Manuals
and Service Information Manuals are available for a minimum
of ten model years and
frequently much longer. Credit card orders may
be placed using the toll-free number
1-800-782-4356. High quality copies
of out of print older model manuals ar available,
also. You may receive a free listingof either by using the orderform.
~
8
1
LITERATUREOWNER’S
I
I
I
YEAR
1993
1993
FORM NO.
1
H-3024
I
H-3025
1
H-3026
I
1993
DESCRIPTION
I DeVilleOwnerInformation
I SixtySpecialOwnerInformation
I
1
I
I Seville
Owner
Information
I
H-3028
1993
Allante
I
-
1993
1993
1993
I
3532657
3532627
3532628
lgg3
and
Prior
CPCH-093
I
Owner
Owner
15.00
I
I
1
15.00
information
Information
15.00
I
Eldorado Owner Information
Fleetwood
PRICE
EACH
$15.00
H-3022 15.00
1993
H-3020
Maintenance Coupon Booklet
Warranty Booklet
(All Models except Allante)
Allante Assurance Plan (Warranty)
Order. Form for Past Model Owner’s
Literature
1993
25.00
1
4.00
2.00
2.00
FREE
I
_
NOTE: Owner Literature Portfolios, Vehicle and Owner Information labels
and Gold Keys are available by contacting your Cadillac dealership.
I
1
PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATIONS INDEXES
MODEL FORM NO.
YEAR
1990
H-2755
1991
H-2855
1992
H-2955
1993
H-3055
1990
H-27528
DESCRIPTION
I
Index(Includesapplicablebulletinsummaries) To review all productservice
publications (PSPs) for a specific model
year vehicle,it is necessaryto order the index for that model year and all subsequent
FREE
model vear indexes.
Bound PSP Edition
includes
20.00
index plus complete PSP’s
-
~~
~
1991
H-28528
Bound PSP Edition - includes
index plus complete PSP’s
1992
H-29528
Bound PSP Edition - includes
index plus complete PSP’s
-
Bound PSP Edition
includes
index plus complete PSP’s
H-30528
1993
PRICE
EACH
FREE
1
I
1
I
20.00
20.00
e
-
20.00
INDIVIDUAL PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATIONS
(Refer to PSP Index for Form Number)
PRICE
DESCRIPTION
FORM NO.
YEAR
EACH
1990 I See details First Individual PSPPerOrder
thru
on
Each
Additional
PSP
In Same
Order
1993 PSP
Index
I
I
ANNUAL PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATION SUBSCRIPTION
PRICE
DESCRIPTION
NO. FORM
YEAR
EACH
Subscription to all Product Service
1993
H-3058
Publications
released
by
Cadillac
$100.00
throughout the Model Year (September
1 through August 31). PSP’s mailed
quarterly.
I
1993
I
H-21 34
I
3-Ring Binder for Product Service
Publications. Includes set of Index
Tabs.
I
2.00
I-
10.00
I
.
r
NOTE: Please fill in order form and MAIL TO:
Cadillac Service Publications
Post Office Box 07130, Detroit, Michigan 48207
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-782-4356
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holder Orders Only)
Monday-Friday 8:30 A.M. -6:OO P.M. EST
. M i n i m u m C r e d i t C a r d O r d e r $10.00
7
If further information is needed, write
to the address shown above
or call (313) 883-1430. Material
cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery.
On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied against the original order.
r
:Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligatlon.
Orders for Individual Product Service Publications cannot befilled without the
appropriate bulletin numbers. These numbers may be found
in the PSP index. Your
first Product
Service
Publication
costs
$4.00; each
additional PSP costs $2.00.
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for
postal service.
F
add 4% sales
tax
GRAND TOTAL
i
1
.
.
.SUBJECT INDEX
A
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
ACC(Ignition Key Position) ........................... 74
AccessoryPower. Retained ..........................
328
Adding
BrakeFluid ..................................... 284
Electrical Equipment ............................. 327
Engine Coolant .................................
279
Power Steering Fluid .............................
281
TransaxleFluid .................................. 277
Additives. Engine Oil ...............................
272
Adjustment. Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Adult Safety Belt Usage .............................. 18
Air Bag ............................................ 28
Air BagSystemLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Aircleaner .......................................274
Air Cleaner & PCV Filter Replace .... See Maint . Book. p.22
Air Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Air Conditioner. Warning Light ....................... 129
Air Outlets ........................................
137
AirSystem ........................................
137
Alarm. How To Turn Off Theft ........................ 71
Alcohol. Driving Under The Influence Of .............. 176
Alcohol in Gasoline ................................. 261
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ......................... 322
AM Radio Reception ............................... 145
AM Stereo Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.45
Antenna. Cleaning Radio ............................ 164
Antifreeze ........................................
278
Anti-lock Brakes ...................................
182
Anti-lock Brake System Warning Light ................. 122
Anti-TheftTips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Appearance Care ...................................
314
Appearance Care. Service and ........................ 260
Arm. Wearing A Safety Belt Under Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Ashtrays .......................................... 115
Astroroof - Express Open ............................
114
Automatic Air Conditioning System ................... 137
Automatic Door Lock ................................ 62
Automatic Overdrive ................................ 80
.
1
.
Automatic Pull-Down ................................
Automatic Transaxle .................................
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ...........................
69
78
275
Baby Restraint ......................................
42
Battery ........................................... 287
Battery Cables. Starting With ......................... 226
Battery Power Loss .................................287
Battery Replacement (R.K.E.) ......................... 67
Beam. Headlight. High-Low Switch .................... 94
Belt
Lap-Shoulder .................................... 19
Rear Seat ....................................... 36
Blizzard. If You’re Caught In A ....................... 215
Block Heater. Engine ................................ 77
Blood Alcohol Level ................................ 176
“Blowout. Tire ....................................
246
Boat. Towing A .................................... 217
BoseSoundSystems ................................ 151
Brake
Adjustment ..................................... 186
Fluid ..........................................
286
Lining Replacement. How To Drive After ............ 286
Master Cylinder .................................
284
Parking .........................................
82
PedalTravel ....................................
186
Brake System. Antilock. Warning Light ................ 122
Brake System Warning Light .........................
121
Brake WearIndicators. Front ........................
185
Brakes.Anti-lock ...................................
182
Brakes. Rear ......................................
186
Brakes.Trailer .....................................
220
Braking ...........................................
180
Braking in Emergencies .............................
186
Braking IfYour Engine Stops ........................
182
“Break-In”. NewVehicle .............................
74
Break-In Schedule. When Towing A Trailer ............. 218
Bucklingup ........................................
18
Bulb Chart ........................................
334
Bulb. Center High Mounted Stop Lamp Replacement .... 297
Bulbs. HalogenRemoval ............................
288
Bulbs.Taillight Replacement .........................
294
Bulbs.TurnSignal ..................................
335
.
.
.
.
b
.
L
-
-.‘Le
.
‘L
.
u
.
.
.
2
.
C
.
c-
.
.
.
.
.
226
Cables. Battery. Starting With ........................
217
Camper. Towing A ..................................
Capacities.Fluid ................................... 338
247
Car Jack Instructions ...............................
Carbon Monoxide In Exhaust ......................
89.216
321
Care and Cleaning of Phaeton Top ....................
Cassette Tape Player. Care Of Your ................... 163
Cassette TapeSystems .............................. 148
Cautions.Safety ......................................
1
CB Radio. Adding A.............................
144. 327
144. 327
Cellular Telephone. Adding A .....................
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . 297
Center PassengerPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Central Door Unlocking System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Chains. Tire .......................................
314
Change The Oil. When To ...........................
272
Changing A Flat Tire ...............................
247
Charge. Battery. Warning Light .......................
126
Chassis Lubrication .................. See Maint. Book. p.8
Checking
Service Station ................... See Maint. Book. p.8
The Brake Fluid .................................
285
The Engine OilLevel ............................
268
The Power Steering Fluid .........................
281
The Transaxle Fluid .............................. 275
Things Under The Hood ..........................
266
Your Restraint Systems ............................
56
Your Safety Belt Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Child Restraint. Securing ..............................
44
Child Restraints .....................................
42
Children And Safety Belts ............................ 39
Cigarette Lighter ................................... 116
Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .328
CityDriving .......................................
201
Cleaner. Air .......................................274
Cleaning
Fabric .......................................... 316
Glass ..........................................
320
Leather And Vinyl ...............................
318
PhaetonTop ....................................
321
Safety Belts ..................................... 319
The Inside Of Your Cadillac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316
The Outside Of Your Cadillac .....................
320
The Power Antenna ..............................
164
.
3
The Top of the Instrument Panel ................... 319
The Underbody Of Your Vehicle ................... 323
The Windshield .................................
320
Weatherstrips ...................................
322
Clock. Setting The ...............................
158. 161
Climate Control. Electronic ..........................
139
Closed-In Places. Don't Idle In ........................
89
CO In Your Exhaust ..............................
89. 216
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems .................. 143
Compact Disc Player. Care Of Your ................... 163
Compact Disc Sound Systems ........................
154
Compact Spare Tire ................................
256
Computer That Shows Fuel Economy .................. 130
Contents. Table Of ........ See Front of Owner Info. Manual
Control Of A Vehicle ...............................
179
Control.Loss Of ...................................
192
Controls. Features And ...............................
58
Convex Outside Mirror ..............................
112
Coolant. Engine: Proper Solution To Use ............... 278
Coolant. Engine.WarningLight ......................
125
Coolant. Safety Warnings About ......................
236
Coolant TempLight ................................
125
Cooling System Service .............. See Maint. Book. p.20
Corrosion Protection ........................
See Warranty
98
Cruise Control ......................................
Cruise Control. Change Speed With ................... 101
Cruise Control. Get Out Of ..........................
103
Cruise Control On Hills .............................
102
Cruise Control. Turning Off ..........................
103
Curves.Driving On .................................
187
D
Damage To Finish ..................................
323
Damage To Sheet Metal .............................
323
Damage Warnings ....................................
2
Daytime Running Lights (Canada Only) ............... 106
Dead Battery. What To Do If You Have A .............. 226
DefensiveDriving ..................................
175
Defogger. Rear Window .............................
142
Defrost ...........................................141
Delco-Bose Gold Series Compact Disc MusicSys ........ 154
Delco-Bose Speaker Covers ..........................
319
Delco-BoseSystem .................................
151
Delco Sound Systems ...............................
143
DEXRONIIE@ ...................................
325
Dimensions.Vehicle ................................
339
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4
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F
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Disposal. Used Oil .................................
Doing Your Own Service Work .......................
Door Locks ........................................
Downhill.Parking ..................................
Downshifting .......................................
Driver’s Side S.I.R. (“Air Bag”) ........................
Driving
And the Road. Your ..............................
AtNight ........................................
Defensive ......................................
Hill and Mountain ...............................
In A Foreign Country ............................
InCities ........................................
In Fog, Mist And Haze ...........................
InTheRain .....................................
InWinter .......................................
On A Long Trip .................................
On Snow Or Ice .................................
On The Freeway .................................
OnCurves ......................................
Winter .........................................
Drunken Driving ...................................
Dual Braking System ................................
.
273
260
60
209
81
28
166
193
175
206
263
201
199
196
212
204
213
203
187
212
176
121
“E. Flashing. On Fuel Data Center ................... 130
Electric Outside Mirror Control .......................
111
Electrical Equipment. Adding ........................
327
Electronic Climate Control ..........................
139
Electronic Level Control ............................
136
Electronic SolarSensor .............................
143
Emergencies. Braking in .............................
186
Emergencies. Steering In ............................ 188
Emergency Starting. Discharged Battery ............... 227
Emergency Towing .................................
232
Engine
77
Block Heater (Option) ............................
Coolant ........................................
278
Coolant Temp Light ..............................
125
Oil ............................................
268
Oil Additives ....................................
272
Oil Light .......................................
127
Oil. When To Change ............................
272
Overheating ....................................
236
StartingYour .................................... 76
Warning Light About Need For Service ............. 120
Ethanol In Gasoline ................................
262
Exhaust. Caution .................................
89.216
Exhaust. Dangerous Gas In ........................
89.216
Expectant Mothers. Use Of Safety Belts By .............. 33
Explanation of Maint. Service ........ See Maint . Book. p.18
Express Down Window (Driver’s Side) .................. 90
Expressway Driving .................................
202
Extender.SafetyBelt ................................
55
Exterior Appearance ................................
320
I
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.
.
F
Fabric. Foam-Type Cleaner On .......................
316
Fabric. Solvent-me Cleaner On ......................
317
Fasteners. Replacement .............................
260
Features And Controls ...............................
58
Fetus. Risk To ..From Safety BeltUse .................. 33
Filling Your Fuel Tank ..............................
263
Filter. Oil ..........................................
335
Finish Damage .....................................
323
First Gear. When To Use .............................
82
Flat Tire ..........................................
246
Flat Tire. Changing A ...............................
247
Flooded Engine. Starting A ...........................
76
Floor Mats ........................................
117
Fluid Capacities ....................................
338
Fluids & Lubricants. Recommended ... See Maint. Book. p.38
Fluid. Brake .......................................
284
Fluid. Power Steering ...............................
281
Fluid.Transaxle ....................................
275
Fluid Usage Label ..................................
267
FM Stereo Radio Reception .........................
144
Foam-Type Cleaner On Fabric ........................
316
Fog. Driving In .....................................
199
Fog: Getting It Off the Windshield ....................
141
Foreign Operation ..................................
263
Francais. Guide En ......................
See Introduction
Freedom Battery ...................................
287
Freeing Car From Sand. Mud. Iceor Snow ............. 257
FreewayDriving ...................................
202
French Language Manual ................. See Introduction
Front Brake Wear Indicators .........................
185
Front Seatback Latches ...............................
9
Front Seatbacks. Reclining .............................
7
Front Towing Hook-Ups .............................
234
Fuel ..............................................
261
Fuel Data Center ...................................
130
.
.
.
.
Fuel.Door. Remote ................................
Fuel.Tank.FillingYour .............................
Fuse Replacement ..................................
Fuses And Circuit Breakers ..........................
264
263
329
328
G
117
Garage Door Opener (Option) .......................
Gear Positions ......................................
78
Gearshift Lever. Positions Of .......................... 78
Gasoline ..........................................
261
Gasoline Tank. Filling Your ..........................
263
Glass.Cleaning ....................................
320
GloveBox ..........................................
68
Graphic Equalizer ..................................
149
Graphic Symbols .....................................
3
Guard Against Theft .................................
70
Guide EnFrancais .......................
See Introduction
H
HalogenBulbs ..................................... 288
Halogen Headlight Bulb Removal .....................
288
Hazard Warning Flasher .............................
225
Haze.Driving In ...................................
199
Headlight High-LowBeam ...........................
94
Headlight On Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Head Restraints ......................................
9
Heated Windshield .................................
141
Heater ............................................ 139
Heater. Engine Block ............... ................. / I
High-Low Headlight Beam Switch .... ................. 94
High Speed. Shifting WhenYour Engine: Running ........ 80
Highway Hypnosis .................. ................ 205
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................ 206
Hills, Parking On ...................................
208
Holding A Baby In Your Car ..........................
41
Hood, Don’t Open If You See Steam .................. 236
Hood Release .....................................
266
Horn ..............................................
91
Hot Coolant, Warning Light For ......................
125
Hot Engine, Safety Warnings About ................... 236
How The Air Bag System Works .......................
28
How To Obtain Roadside Service ...... See Roadside Service
How To Operate Your Sound System .................. 143
clcl
.
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.
.
7
How To Test The Alarm ..............................
72
How To Use This Manual ..............................
1
How To Wear Safety Belts Properly .....................
18
Hydroplaning ......................................
197
I
Ice, If You’re Stuck In ...............................
257
Identification Label, Service Parts .....................
327
Identification Number, Vehicle .......................
326
Idling Your Engine .................................. 89
If A Tire Goes Flat .................................
246
Ignition Key Positions ................................
74
Illuminated Entry System .............................
65
Indicator, Bulbs For Turn Signal ......................
335
Indicators, Warning, On Instrument Panel .............. 120
Infant Restraint .....................................
42
Inflatable Restraint Light .............................
29
Inflation, Proper Tire ...............................
307
InsideMirrors (Daymight) ..........................
109
Inspection, Tire ....................................
308
Instrument Panel ...................................
118
Instrument PanelWarningLights .....................
120
Interior Cleaning ...................................
316
Introduction ........ See Front of Owner Information Manual
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Jacking And Removing Flat Tire ......................
251
Jump Starting ...................................... 227
K
Keyless Entry System ................................
Keys ..............................................
Keys, Ignition .......................................
Kilometer Indicator ................................
65
58
59
119
L
Label,FluidUsage .................................
267
Lamp Housings,Exterior ............................
288
Lamp Monitors ....................................
108
Lane Change Indicator ............................... 93
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................................... 19
Larger Children and Safety Belts .......................
52
Latches, Front Seatback ...............................
9
Leaking, Of Exhaust Into Your Car .....................
88
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Leather. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Light. Air Bag System ................................
29
Light. Change Oil Soon .............................
128
Light. Charge ......................................
126
Light. Coolant Temp ................................
125
Light.Oil .........................................
127
Light. Safety Belt Reminder .........................
11.17
Light.Security ...................................... 71
Light.ServiceAir Cond .............................
129
Light.Service Engine Soon ..........................
126
Light.Service SSS ..................................
129
Light. Service Vehicle Soon ..........................
126
Light. Stop Engine Temp ............................
125
Light.TractionActive ...............................
123
123
Light. Traction Off ..................................
Light. Turn Signal Indicator ........................... 93
Lighter. Cigarette ..................................
116
Lights ............................................
104
Lights. Operation of .................................
94
Lights.Traffic ...................................... 173
Lights.Warning. On Instrument Panel ................. 120
Loading ..Tires ....................................
305
Loading YourVehicle ............................... 303
Lock. Rear Door Security .............................
63
Locks. Door ........................................
60
Log. Operating Record .............. See Maint . Book. p.44
Long Distance Driving .............................. 204
Loss Of Control ....................................
192
Low Battery. What To Do About A ....................
226
Low Oil Pressure. Warning Light For .................. 127
Low Windshield Washer Fluid Warning Light ............ 97
Lubricants. Recommended ........... See Maint . Book. p.38
.
.
-.
Maintenance
A Word About ................... See Maint . Book. p.2
Coupons ........................
See Maint. Book. All
Explanation of Services .... See Maint . Book. p.18,20,22,24
See Maint. Book. p.2
Oil Change ......................
Owner Checks ............. See Maint . Book. p.26,28,30
Operating Record Log .......... See Maint. Book. p.44-80
Recommended Fluids ....... See Maint . Book. p.38,40,42
Schedules ............... See Maint . Book. p.10,12,14,16
Service Ctr. Inspec. & Sew. . . See Maint. Book. p.32,34,36
Service Station Owner Checks ...... See Maint. Book. p.8
Maintenance Record ................ See Maint. Book. p.44
9
.
Maplights .........................................
107
Markings.Pavement ................................
174
Master Cylinder. Brake ..............................
284
MatchingTransmitters ...............................
66
Methanol In Gasoline ...............................
261
Mileage Indicator ..................................
119
Mirrors. Front Seat Vanity ...........................
111
Mirrors.Inside Daymight ...........................
109
Mirrors. Outside ...................................
111
Mist. Driving In ....................................
199
Mobile Telephone. Adding A......................
144. 327
Monitors. Lamp ....................................
108
Mountain Driving ..................................
206
MTBE In Gasoline .................................
262
Mud. If You’re Stuck In .............................
257
N
“N” (Neutral) Gear Position ..........................
NewVehicle “Break-In” ..............................
Night. Driving At ...................................
NightVision .......................................
Notices About Damage ................................
80
74
193
194
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Occupant Restraint ..................................
10
Octane Required For Your Car .......................
261
Odometer And Speedometer .........................
118
Odometer. Trip ....................................
119
Off (Ignition Key Position) ............................
74
Off Road Recovery .................................
189
Oil. Engine ........................................
268
Oil. When To Change Your Engine .................... 272
Oil Life Indicator ...................................
133
OilLight ..........................................
127
OilQuality ........................................ 272
OilThickness(Viscosity) ............................ 270
Operating Record .................. See Maint. Book. p.44
Operation In Foreign Countries ......................
263
Outside Air .......................................
137
Outside Mirrors ....................................
111
Overdrive.Automatic ................................
80
Overheated Engine Coolant. Warning Light For ......... 125
Overheating. Engine ................................
236
Owner Checks & Services ............ See Maint . Book. p.26
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P
“P” (Park) Position ..................................
78
Paint Spotting.Chemical ............................
324
ParkPosition ....................................... 78
84
Park. Shifting Into ...................................
ParkingBrake ......................................82
209
Parking.Downhill ..................................
208
Parking On Hills ...................................
87
Parking Over Things That Burn ........................
ParkingUphill ..................................... 210
72
PASS-Key I1 TM ......................................
190
Passing Another Vehicle .............................
174
Pavement Markings .................................
186
Pedal Travel. Brake .................................
180
Perception Time.InBraking .........................
Polishing and Waxing ............................... 321
Possible Damage to Your Car. Notices About . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Possible Injury To People. Cautions About ................ 1
Power
Antenna. Cleaning The ...........................
164
Door Locks ...................................... 60
Reclining Front Seatbacks (Option) ................... 7
6
Seat Controls .....................................
Steering ........................................ 187
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
90
Windows ........................................
Pregnancy. Use Of Safety Belts During ................. 33
Problems On The Road .............................
224
Product Service Publications .......... See Owner Assistance
Proper Safety Belt Usage. For Adults................... 18
Pull Down System. Trunk ............................. 69
R
.
.
..
“R” (Reverse) Gear Position .......................... 79
Racing. Shifting When Your Engine Is .................. 80
Radiator Overheating ............................... 236
Radiator Pressure Cap .............................. 280
Radio. Two.Way. Adding A ....................... 144. 327
143
Radio Systems .....................................
Rain. Driving In .................................... 196
180
Reaction Time. In Braking ...........................
RearBrakes .......................................
186
63
RearDoorSecurityLock .............................
Rear Storage Box ...................................
68
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 36
.
11
Rear Towing Hook-Ups .............................
235
Rear Window Defogger .............................
142
Reclining Front Seatbacks .............................
7
Recommended Fluids & Lubricants ... See Maint. Book. p.38
Recovery. Off Road .................................
189
217
Recreational Vehicle. Towing A .......................
Remote Fuel Door .................................
264
Remote Trunk Release ...............................
69
Replacement Fasteners ..............................
260
Replacing Brake System Parts ........................
286
ReplacingSafetyBelts ...............................
56
Replacing Tires ....................................
310
ReplacingWheels ..................................
312
Reporting Safety Defects
to Canadian Gov’t ................See Owner Assistance
to General Motors ................See Owner Assistance
to U.S. Gov’t .....................
See Owner Assistance
Restarting Your Car When It’s Moving ................. 75
Restraint. Infant .....................................
40
Restraint. Occupant .................................
10
Restraint Systems. Checking Your ......................
56
Restraints.Child ....................................
42
Restraints. Head .....................................
9
Restraints. Larger Children ...........................
52
Retained Accessory Power ...........................
328
Reverse Gear Position ...............................
78
“Riding” The Brakes ................................
181
Road Signs ........................................
166
Roads. Hill and Mountain ...........................
206
Rocking Your Car Out Of Snow. Ice. Sand Or Mud ...... 257
Rotation. Tire .....................................
308
Rotate. If You’re Stuck AndYour Front Wheels Can’t ..... 82
Run (Ignition Key Position) ...........................
75
Running Your Engine While Parked ....................
89
S
55
Sa rety Belt Extender .................................
rety
Belt
Reminder
Light
.........................
11.
17
Sa
56
Sa rety Belt Replacement. Need For ....................
33
Sa !ety Belt Use During Pregnancy .....................
18
Sa rety Belt Usage By Adults ...........................
rety
Belt
Usage
By
Children
.........................
39
Sa
Sa retyBelts ........................................
10
Sa rety Belts. Center Passenger’s Position ................ 34
319
Sa retyBelts. Cleaning ...............................
18
Sa rety Belts. How To Wear Properly ....................
12
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Safety Belts. Rear Seat ...............................36
Safety Belts. Replacing After A Crash .................. 56
Safety Belts. Right Front. Adult Passenger ............... 34
10
Safety Belts: They’re For Everyone .....................
Safety Belts. Torn ....................................
57
27
SafetyBelts.Twisted .................................
Safety Belts. Why To Wear ............................
12
1
Safety Cautions ......................................
Safety Defects
Reporting to Canadian Gov’t ....... See Owner Assistance
Reporting to General Motors ....... See Owner Assistance
Reporting to U.S. Gov’t ............ See Owner Assistance
1
Safety Warningsand Symbols ...........................
257
Sand. If You’re Stuck In .............................
Schedule I Maint.Sew............... See Maint . Book. p.14
Schedule I1 Maint. Serv.............. See Maint . Book. p.16
Schedule Maint. Serv., Explanation of . See Maint. Book. p.18
Seat Controls ........................................
6
9
Seatback Latches. Front ...............................
6
Seats and Safety Belts .................................
81
Second Gear. When To Use ...........................
44
Securing A Child Restraint ............................
63
Security Lock. Rear Door .............................
Selecting the Right Schedule ......... See Maint. Book. p.12
129
Service Air Cond Light ..............................
260
Service and Appearance Care ........................
Service Center Inspec. & Serv......... See Maint . Book. p.32
126
Service Engine Soon Light ...........................
327
Service Parts Identification Label .....................
Service Publications ................. See Owner Assistance
129
Service SSS Light ...................................
Service Station Checks ............... See Maint. Book. p.8
Service Vehicle Soon Warning Light ................... 126
Servicing Your Cadillac With The Air Bag System ........ 32
Setting The Clock ...............................158. 161
Setting The Trip Odometer .......................... 119
323
Sheet Metal Damage ................................
78
Shift Lever. Positions Of ..............................
84
Shifting Into Park ...................................
Shifting Out Of Park .................................
86
Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
175
SignalingTurns ....................................
166
Signs. Road .......................................
S.1.R ...............................................
28
Skidding .......................................... 192
Slippery Surfaces. Driving On ........................
213
SmalIer Children. Use Of Lap-Shoulder Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
13
.
Snow. If You’re Stuck In Deep ........................
217
Snow Or Ice. Driving On ............................
213
Snowstorm. If You’re Caught In A Bad ................ 215
Solvent-vpe Cleaner On Fabric ......................
317
Sound Equipment. Adding ........................
144. 327
Sound System. How to Operate Your .................. 143
Spare Tire. Compact ................................
256
Speaker Covers. Delco Bose .........................
319
Specifications ......................................
336
Speed Sensitive Steering .............................
135
Speed Sensitive Suspension ..........................
135
Speedometer And Odometer .........................
118
Stains. Removing ...................................
316
Start (Ignition yK
: Position) ..........................
74
Starting Your Engine ................................
75
Starting Your Car If The Battery Is “Dead” ............. 226
Steam From Hot (Overheated) Engine ................. 236
Steep Hill. Parking On A ............................
208
Steering ..........................................
187
Steering In Emergencies .............................
188
Steering Tips ......................................
187
Steering Wheel,Tilt .................................
91
Steering Without Power Assist ........................
187
Stereo Sound Systems ...............................
143
Stop Engine Temp Light .............................
125
Storage Armrest ...................................
117
Storing Your Vehicle ................................
287
Stuck. If Your Ignition Key Is ..........................
75
Stuck. If You’re - In Sand. Mud. Ice Or Snow ........... 257
Subscribing to Cadillac Product Pub. . . . See Owner Assistance
Sunglasses.WearingAtNight ........................
195
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (S.I.R.) ............... 28
Symbols Used On Your Vehicle .........................
3
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I
I
Table Of Contents ......... See Front of Owner Info. Manual
294
TaillightBulb Replacement ..........................
Tamper-Resistance Of Odometer .....................
120
Tape Player Care ...................................
163
Temperature, Stop Engine. Warning Light .............. 125
Thermostat ........................................
280
Theft ..............................................
70
Theft Deterrent System ..............................
71
Third Gear. When To Use ............................
81
Tightness Adjustment. Shoulder Belt ................... 21
Tilt Steering Wheel ..................................
91
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Time. Setting The ............................... 158.161
Tire Chains .......................................314
247
Tire. Flat ..........................................
Tire Inflation ......................................
307
Tire Inspection and Rotation .........................
308
Tires ..Loading ....................................
303
Tire Quality Grading ................................
310
Tires .............................................
305
212
Tires. and Winter Driving ............................
Tires. When It's Time For New Tires .................. 309
Torn Safety Belts .................................... 57
Torque Lock. Automatic Transaxle ....................
211
Towing A Trailer ...................................
217
TowingYour Cadillac ...............................
232
136.184
Traction Control ................................
Traction Control System Warning Light ................ 123
Trademarks. GM ................................... 260
TrafficLights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
TrafficOfficer ..................................... 175
Trailer Towing .....................................217
Transaxle. Automatic .................................
78
TransaxleFluid .................................... 275
Transaxle Gear Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Travel. Brake Pedal .................................
186
Trip Odometer .....................................
119
TrunkRelease. Remote ..............................
69
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator ................. 92
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
105
Twilight Sentinel ...................................
"kisted Safety Belts ..................................
27
Two Children Wearing The Same Safety Belt ............. 54
U
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Underbody Maintenance ............................
323
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ........................
310
Universal Theft Deterrent ............................ 71
Unleaded Gasoline .................................261
210
UphillParking .....................................
316
Upholstery Care ...................................
Urban Driving .....................................
201
Used Oil. How To Dispose Of ........................ 273
Vanity Mirrors. Front Seat
Vehicle Damage Warnings
V
........................... 111
............................. 2
.
15
.
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ..................
Vehicle Storage ....................................
Vehicle Symbols ......................................
Vents .............................................
Vinyl. Cleaning ....................................
326
287
3
137
318
W
WarningLights .....................................
120
Flasher. Warning Hazard .......................... 225
Light. Anti-lock Brake System ..................122.182
121
Light. Brake System ..............................
Light. Engine Oil Pressure .................. ..... 127
Light. Traction Control System .....................
123
118
Lights. On Instrument Panel .......................
Lights: What To Do If One Goes On ................ 120
Warnings. Safety .....................................
1
Warnings. Vehicle Damage .............................
2
98
Washer. Headlight ...................................
Washer. Windshield ..................................
96
Water. Don’t Use ..For Windshield Washer .......... 97.283
185
Wear Indicators. Disc Brake .........................
Weather Strips. Cleaning ............................
322
Wet Road Driving ............................
; ..... 196
Wheel Alignment And Tire Balance ................... 312
250
Wheel Cover. Wire .................................
250
Wheel Covers. How To Remove ......................
Wheel Nut Torque ..................................
255
312
WheelReplacement ................................
322
Wheels. Aluminum .................................
10
Why Safety Belts Work ...............................
Window Express Down. Driver’s Side ................... 90
WindowLock .......................................
91
90
Windows.Power ....................................
Windshield
Cleaning The ...................................
320
141
Heated .........................................
96
Washer ..........................................
WasherFluid ....................................282
Wipers .......................................... 95
Wipers: If They Stop ..............................
96
Winter Driving ..................................... 212
Working On YourVehicle ...........................
260
WornTires ........................................
309
WreckerTowing ....................................
232
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