Whirlpool E2F30LD035V Use & care guide

Gas Water Heater
High Efficiency
Atmospheric Vent
Installation
Instructions and
Use & Care Guide
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch;
do not use any phone in your
building.
•
•
Immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow
the gas supplier’s instructions.
If you cannot reach your gas
supplier, call the fire department.
Installation and service must be performed
by a qualified installer, service agency or
the gas supplier.
To obtain technical, warranty, or service assistance during or after
the installation of this water heater, visit our website at:
http://www.whirlpoolwaterheatersupport.com
or call toll free
1-877-817-6750
When calling for assistance, please have the following
information ready:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Model number
7 digit product number
Serial number
Date of installation
Place of purchase
Table of Contents ......................................................
2
INSTALLER:
•
AFFIX THESE INSTRUCTIONS TO OR ADJACENT
TO THE WATER HEATER.
OWNER:
•
RETAIN THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND WARRANTY
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. RETAIN THE ORIGINAL
RECEIPT AS PROOF OF PURCHASE.
1
316934-002
W10286887
September 2010
WATER HEATER SAFETY
Your safety and the safety of others are very important.
We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. Always read and obey all
safety messages.
This is the safety alert symbol.
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others.
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and either the word “DANGER” or
“WARNING.” These words mean:
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don’t
immediately follow instructions.
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don’t
follow instructions.
All safety messages will tell you what the potential hazard is,
tell you how to reduce the chance of injury, and tell you what can happen if the instructions are not followed.
Important Instructions
•
Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water. Immediately call a qualified service person. Water
heaters subjected to flood conditions or any time the gas controls, main burner or pilot have been submerged in
water require replacement of the entire water heater.
•
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and can ignite when exposed to a spark or flame. To
prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions, we recommend the hot water faucet be opened for several
minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance which is connected to the hot water system. If
hydrogen is present, there will probably be an unusual sound such as air escaping through the faucet as water
begins to flow. Do not smoke or have any open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of
substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires
businesses to warn of potential exposure to such substances.
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances included in the Act.
Table Of Contents
PAGE
Water Heater Safety .............................................................................. 1-2
Installing Your Gas Water Heater ........................................................ 3-17
Unpacking the Water Heater .......................................................... 3
Location Requirements ................................................................... 4
Gas Supply ..................................................................................... 6
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation .......................................... 7
Water System Piping .................................................................... 12
Installation Checklist ..................................................................... 17
Operating Your Water Heater ............................................................ 18-21
Lighting Instructions................................................................. 18-21
Operational Conditions ................................................................. 21
Maintenance of Your Water Heater ...................................................23-25
Troubleshooting Charts .....................................................................26-31
Repair Parts Illustration ..................................................................... 32-33
2
INSTALLING YOUR GAS WATER HEATER
Important Information About
This Water Heater
installed in accordance with Massachusetts Plumbing and
Fuel Gas Code 248 CMR Section 2.00 and 5.00.
A data plate identifying your water heater can be found
next to the gas control valve/thermostat. When referring to
your water heater, always have the information listed on the
data plate readily available.
This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary
safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable
vapor ignition incident. New technology used in meeting
these standards makes this product more sensitive to
installation errors or improper installation environments.
Please review the Installation Checklist found at the end of
the installation instructions section and make any required
installation upgrades or changes.
Retain your original receipt as proof of purchase.
High Altitude Installation
This water heater should not be installed for operation at
elevations above 10,100 ft. (3,078 m).
Consumer Information
Unpacking the Water Heater
This water heater is design-certified by CSA International
as a Category I, non-direct vented water heater which
takes its combustion air either from the installation area or
from air ducted to the unit from the outside.
WARNING
This water heater must be installed according to all local and state codes or, in the absence of local and state
codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)- latest edition. This is available from the following:
Excessive Weight Hazard
Use two or more people to move and install
water heater.
CSA America, Inc.
8501 East Pleasant Valley Road
Cleveland, OH 44131
Failure to do can result in back or
other injury.
National Fire Protection Association
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
IMPORTANT: Do not remove any permanent instructions,
labels, or the data label from either the outside of the water
heater or on the inside of water heater panels.
Check your phone listings for the local authorities having
jurisdiction over your installation.
•
Remove exterior packaging and place installation components aside.
Consumer Responsibilities
•
Inspect all parts for damage prior to installation and
start-up.
This manual has been prepared to acquaint you with the
installation, operation, and maintenance of your gas water
heater and provide important safety information in these
areas.
•
Completely read all instructions before attempting to
assemble and install this product.
•
After installation, dispose of/recycle all packaging
materials.
Read all of the instructions thoroughly before attempting
the installation or operation of this water heater.
Do not discard this manual. You or future users of this
water heater will need it for future reference.
Service to the Flame Lock™ Safety System should only be
performed by a qualified person.
Examples of a qualified person include: licensed plumbers,
authorized gas company personnel, and authorized
service personnel.
IMPORTANT: The manufacturer and seller of this water
heater will not be liable for any damages, injuries, or
deaths caused by failure to comply with the installation and
operating instructions outlined in this manual.
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly install
this water heater, or you have difficulty following the
instructions, you should not proceed but have a qualified
person perform the installation of this water heater.
Massachusetts code requires this water heater to be
3
Do not use or store flammable products such as gasoline,
solvents, or adhesives in the same room or area near the
water heater. If such flammables must be used, all gas
burning appliances in the vicinity must be shut off and their
pilot lights extinguished. Open the doors and windows for
ventilation while flammable substances are in use.
WARNING
FLAMMABLES
If flammable liquids or vapors have spilled or leaked in
the area of the water heater, leave the area immediately
and call the fire department from a neighbor’s home. Do
not attempt to clean the spill until all ignition sources have
been extinguished.
Flammable Vapors
Keep combustibles such as boxes, magazines, clothes,
etc. away from the water heater area.
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD
Site Location
Can result in serious injury or death
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Storage of or use of gasoline or other
flammable vapors or liquids in the vicinity
of this or any other appliance can result in
serious injury or death.
Read and follow water heater warnings and
instructions.
Location Requirements
•
Select a location near the center of the water piping
system. The water heater must be installed indoors and
in a vertical position on a level surface. Do not install in
bathrooms, bedrooms, or any occupied room normally
kept closed.
•
Locate the water heater as close to the chimney or gas
vent as practical. Consider the vent system piping and
combustion air supply requirements when selecting the
water heater location. The venting system must be able
to run from the water heater to termination with minimal
length and elbows.
•
Locate the water heater near the existing gas piping.
If installing a new gas line, locate the water heater to
minimize the pipe length and elbows.
•
The water heater should be located in an area not
subject to freezing temperatures. Water heaters
located in unconditioned spaces (i.e., attics,
basements, etc.) may require insulation of the water
piping and drain piping to protect against freezing.
The drain and controls must be easily accessible for
operation and service. Maintain proper clearances as
specified on the water heater.
•
Do not locate the water heater near an air-moving
device. The operation of air-moving devices such
as exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers,
fireplaces, etc., can affect the proper operation of
the water heater. Special attention must be given to
conditions these devices may create. Flow reversal of
flue gases may cause an increase of carbon monoxide
inside of the dwelling (Figure 2).
•
The water heater is to be located as close as possible
to a 120VAC outlet.
NOTE: All electrical wiring should be in accordance to
the NEC and all local/state elec- trical codes (extension
cord is not allowed).
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hazard
Do not install in a mobile home.
Doing so can result in death or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
The FVIR System is designed to reduce the risk of
flammable vapor-related fires. Flammable liquids (such as
gasoline, solvents, propane, etc,) emit flammable vapors
which can be ignited by a gas water heater’s hot surface
igniter or main burner. The resulting flashback and fire can
cause death or serious burns to anyone in the area.
Figure 1
FV Sensor
This heater is equipped with a FV sensor for detecting the
presence of flammable vapors. When the sensor detects those
vapors, the unit will shut down and not operate. Should this
happen, please refer to the troubleshooting guide on pages 29-30
(numbers 9,11,12). Even though this water heater is a flammable
vapors ignition resistant water heater and is designed to reduce
the chances of flamm-able vapors being ignited, gasoline and
other flammable substances should never be stored or used in the
same vicinity or area containing a gas water heater or other open
flame or spark producing appliance.
NOTE: This water heater must be installed according to all
local and state codes or, in the absence of local and state
codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-current edition and the “National Electrical Code”,
ANSI/NFPS 70 current edition.
4
IMPORTANT: The water heater should be located
in an area where leakage of the tank or connections
will not result in damage to the area adjacent to the
water heater or to lower floors of the structure. Due
to the normal corrosive action of the water, the tank
will eventually leak after an extended period of time.
Also any external plumbing leak, including those from
improper installation, may cause early failure of the
tank due to corrosion if not repaired. If the owner is
uncomfortable with making the repair a qualified person
should be contacted. A suitable metal drain pan should
be installed under the water heater as shown below,
to help protect the property from damage which may
occur from condensate formation or leaks in the piping
connections or tank. The pan must limit the water
level to a maximum depth of 1-3/4” and be two inches
wider than the heater and piped to an adequate drain.
Locate the water heater near a suitable indoor drain.
Outside drains are subject to freezing temperatures
which can obstruct the drain line. The piping should be
at least 3/4” ID and pitched for proper drainage. Under
no circumstances will the manufacturer or seller of this
water heater be held liable for any water damage which
is caused by your failure to follow these instructions.
6”
1-3/4”
max.
At least 2” greater
than the water heater.
•
•
Exhaust
Fan
Reverse flow
of gases
Clearances and Accessibility
NOTE: Minimum clearances from combustible materials
are stated on the data plate adjacent to the gas control
valve/thermostat of the water heater.
The water heater is certified for installation on a
combustible floor.
•
IMPORTANT: If installing over carpeting, the carpeting
must be protected by a metal or wood panel beneath
the water heater. The protective panel must extend
beyond the full width and depth of the water heater by
at least three inches (76.2mm) in any direction; or if in
an alcove or closet installation, the entire floor must be
covered by the panel.
•
Figure 2A may be used as a reference guide to locate
the specific clearance locations. A minimum of 24
inches of front clearance should be provided for
inspection and service.
Discharge Pipe
(Do Not Cap or Plug)
Figure 1A
•
Figure 2
Air-moving
Devices
Maximum
Air Gap
Pipe to an
adequate drain
Figure 2A
Minimum Clearance
Locations
The water heater should be located in an area not
subject to freezing temperatures. Water heaters
located in unconditioned spaces (i.e., attics,
basements, etc.) may require insulation of the water
piping and drain piping to protect against freezing.
The drain and controls must be easily accessible for
operation and service. Maintain proper clearances as
specified on the water heater.
Back
Vent
Top
to
ceiling
Sides
Front
24” minimum
for service
Sides
Top
View
Do not locate the water heater near an air-moving
device. The operation of air-moving devices such
as exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers,
fireplaces, etc., can affect the proper operation of
the water heater. Special attention must be given to
conditions these devices may create. Flow reversal of
flue gases may cause an increase of carbon monoxide
inside of the dwelling.
State of California
NOTE: The water heater must be braced, anchored, or
strapped to avoid moving during an earthquake.
Contact local utilities for code requirements in your area
or call 1-877-817-6750 and request instructions.
If the water heater is located in an area that is
subjected to lint, dirt, and oil, it may be necessary
to periodically clean the flame-trap (see “External
Inspection & Cleaning of the Flame-trap” section).
5
Gas Supply
Figure 3
Gas Piping
WARNING
Manual Gas
Shut-off Valve
Discharge Pipe
(Do Not Cap
or Plug)
Ground
Joint
Union
Check with
local utility
for minimum height
6” Maximum
Air Gap
3” minimum
Explosion Hazard
Use a new CSA approved gas supply line.
Drip leg
Floor Drain
Install a shut-off valve.
Gas Pressure
Do not connect a natural gas water heater to
an L.P. gas supply.
IMPORTANT: The gas supply pressure must not exceed the
maximum supply pressure as stated on the water heater’s data
plate. The minimum supply pressure is for the purpose of input
adjustment.
Do not connect an L.P. gas water heater to a
natural gas supply.
Gas Pressure Testing
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
•
IMPORTANT: This water heater and its gas connection must be
leak tested before placing the appliance in operation.
•
Gas Requirements
IMPORTANT: Read the data plate to be sure the water
heater is made for the type of gas you will be using in
your home. This information will be found on the data
plate located near the gas control valve/thermostat. If the
information does not agree with the type of gas available,
do not install or light. Call your dealer.
NOTE: An odorant is added by the gas supplier to the gas
used by this water heater. This odorant may fade over an
extended period of time. Do not depend upon this odorant
as an indication of leaking gas.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO) detectors are
recommended in all applications and should be installed using the
manufacturer’s instructions and local codes, rules, or regulations.
NOTE: Air may be present in the gas lines and could prevent
the burner from lighting on initial start-up. The gas lines should
be purged of air by a qualified person after installation of the gas
piping system. While purging the gas piping system of air, make
sure that the fuel is not spilled in the area of the water heater
installtion, or any source of ignition. If the fuel is spilled while
purging the piping system of air follow the “WHAT TO DO IF YOU
SMELL GAS” instructions on the cover of the manual.
Gas Piping
The gas piping must be installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest
edition.
Tables 1 and 2 on the following page provide a sizing
reference for commonly used gas pipe materials. Consult
the “National Fuel Gas Code” for the recommended gas pipe
size of other materials.
Refer to Figure 3
NOTE: When installing gas piping, apply approved pipe joint
compound.
1. Install a readily accessible manual shut-off valve in the
gas supply line as recommended by the local utility.
Know the location of this valve and how to turn off the
gas to this unit.
2. Install a drip leg (if not already incorporated as part of
the water heater) as shown. The drip leg must be no
less than three inches long for the accumulation of dirt,
foreign material, and water droplets.
3. Install a ground joint union between the gas control
valve/thermostat and the manual shut-off valve. This
is to allow easy removal of the gas control valve/
thermostat.
4. Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test all
connections by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak-detection solution. Bubbles will show a leak.
Correct any leak found.
If the code requires the gas lines to be tested at a
pressure exceeding 14” W.C., the water heater and its
manual shut-off valve must be disconnected from the
gas supply piping system and the line capped.
If the gas lines are to be tested at a pressure less than
14” W.C., the water heater must be isolated from the
gas supply piping system by closing its manual shut-off
valve.
Gas Pipe Capacity
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Have a qualified person make sure L.P. gas
pressure does not exceed 13” water column.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion, or fire.
6
Combustion Air Supply and
Ventilation
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Warning
•
beauty shops
•
photo processing labs
•
buildings with indoor pools
•
water heaters installed in laundry, hobby, or craft
rooms
•
water heaters installed near chemical storage areas
Combustion air must be free of acid-forming chemicals
such as sulfur, fluorine, and chlorine. These elements are
found in aerosol sprays, detergents, bleaches, cleaning
solvents, air fresheners, paint, and varnish removers,
refrigerants, and many other commercial and household
products. When burned, vapors from these products form
highly corrosive acid compounds. These products should
not be stored or used near the water heater or air inlet.
Follow all the local and state codes or, in
the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1
(NFPA 54)- latest edition to properly install
vent system.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion, or carbon monoxide poisoning.
Combustion and ventilation air requirements are
determined by the location of the water heater. The water
heater may be located in either an open (unconfined) area
or in a confined area or small enclosure such as a closet or
small room. Confined spaces are areas with less than 50
cubic feet for each 1,000 BTUH of the total input for all gasusing appliances.
IMPORTANT: Air for combustion and ventilation must
not come from a corrosive atmosphere. Any failure due
to corrosive elements in the atmosphere is excluded from
warranty coverage.
The following types of installation (not limited to the
following) will require outdoor air for combustion due to
chemical exposure and may reduce but not eliminate the
presence of corrosive chemicals in the air:
7
Unconfined Space
Figure 4
Opening LocationsConfined Spaces
A water heater in an unconfined space uses indoor air for
combustion and requires at least 50 cubic feet for each
1,000 BTUH of the total input for all gas appliances. The
table below shows a few examples of the minimum square
footage (area) required for various BTUH inputs.
Minimum Square
Feet with
8' Ceiling
Typical Room
with 8' Ceiling
30,000
188
9 x 21
45,000
281
14 x 20
60,000
375
15 x 25
75,000
469
15 x 31
90,000
563
20 x 28
105,000
657
20 x 33
120,000
750
25 x 30
135,000
844
28 x 30
12” maximum
All Air from Inside the Building
When additional air is to be provided to the confined area
from additional room(s) within the building, the total volume
of the room(s) must be of sufficient size to properly provide
the necessary amount of fresh air to the water heater
and other gas utilization equipment in the area. If you are
unsure that the structure meets this requirement, contact
your local gas utility company or other qualified agency for
a safety inspection.
Each of the two openings shall have a minimum free area
of 1 square inch per 1,000 BTUH of the total input rating of
all gas utilization equipment in the confined area, but not
less than 100 square inches (Figure 5).
IMPORTANT:
•
The area must be open and be able to provide the
proper air requirements to the water heater. Areas that
are being used for storage or contain large objects may
not be suitable for water heater installation.
•
Water heaters installed in open spaces in buildings with
unusually tight construction may still require outdoor
air to function properly. In this situation, outside air
openings should be sized the same as for a confined
space.
•
Closet
or
other
confined
space
Permanent
openings to
the outside or
additional
rooms within
the building
Table 3
BTUH
Input
12” maximum
Confined
Space
Modern home construction usually requires supplying
outside air into the water heater area.
Confined Space
Permanent
Openings
For the correct and proper operation of this water heater,
ample air must be supplied for the combustion, ventilation,
and dilution of flue gases. Small enclosures and confined
areas must have two permanent openings so that sufficient
fresh air can be drawn from outside of the enclosure. One
opening shall be within 12 inches of the top and one within
12 inches of the bottom of the enclosure as shown in
Figure 4.
1 square
inch/1000
BTUH
(minimum
100 sq. In.)
Figure 5
All Air from Inside Building
Confined Space Installation
The size of each opening (free area) is determined by the
total BTUH input of all gas utilization equipment (i.e., water
heaters, furnaces, clothes dryers, etc.) and the method by
which the air is provided. The BTUH input can be found on
the water heater data plate. Additional air can be provided
by two methods:
1. All air from inside the building.
2. All air from outdoors.
8
All Air from Outdoors
Gable vent
to outdoors
Outdoor fresh air can be provided to a confined area either
directly or by the use of vertical and horizontal ducts. The
fresh air can be taken from the outdoors or from crawl or
attic spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.
Attic or crawl spaces cannot be closed and must be
properly ventilated to the outside.
Install above
insulation
Confined
Space
Ductwork must be of the same cross-sectional area as
the free area of the opening to which they connect. The
minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts cannot be less
than three inches.
Outlet
air to attic
1 Sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Inlet air
from the
crawl
space
Alternate
Air Inlet
The size of each of the two openings is determined by the
method in which the air is to be provided. Refer to Table
4 to calculate the minimum free area for each opening.
Figures 6, 7, 8A and 8B are typical examples of each
method.
1 sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Louvers and Grilles
Open
Foundation
Vent
Figure 6
All Air from Outdoors; Inlet Air from Ventilated
Crawl Space/Outlet Air to Ventilated Attic
In calculating free area for ventilation and combustion
air supply openings, consideration must be given to the
blocking effect of protection louvers, grilles, and screens.
These devices can reduce airflow, which in turn may
require larger openings to achieve the required minimum
free area. Screens must not be smaller than 1/4” mesh. If
the free area through a particular design of louver or grille
is known, it should be used in calculating the specified free
area of the opening. If the design and free area are not
known, it can be assumed that most wood louvers will allow
20 - 25% of free area while metal louvers and grilles will
allow 60 - 75% of free area.
Gable vent
to outdoors
Install above
insulation
Outlet air
to attic
1 Sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Confined
Space
Inlet air duct
1 sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Louvers and grilles must be locked open or interconnected
with the equipment so that they are opened automatically
during equipment operation.
Keep louvers and grilles clean and free of debris or other
obstructions.
Minimum Free Area of Permanent Openings for Ventilation and
Combustion Air Supply - All Air from Outdoors Only.
Based on the total BTUH input rating for all gas utilizing equipment
within the confined space.
Opening
Source
Minimum Free Area
Per Opening
(sq. in.)
Reference
Drawing
Direct to
outdoors
1 Square inch per 4000
BTUH
Figure 6
Vertical ducts
1 Square inch per 4000
BTUH
Figure 7
Horizontal ducts
1 Square inch per 2000
BTUH
Figure 8
1 sq. inch
per
2000 BTUH
Confined
Space
Outlet
Outdoor
Air Ducts
Example: A water heater with an input rate of 50,000 BTUH using
horizontal ducts would require each opening to have a minimum
free area of 25 square inches.
Minimum free area = 50,000 BTUH x 1 sq. in. / 2000 BTUH = 25
Sq. Inches.
*
12” maximum
Figure 7
All Air from Outdoors
Through Ventilated Attic
Table 4
Inlet
These openings connect directly with the outdoors
through a ventilated attic, a ventilated crawl space, or
through an outside wall.
Figure 8
8A
All Air from Outdoors
Using Horizontal Ducts
Consult the local codes of your area for specific ventilation and
combustion air requirements.
9
1 sq. Inch
per
2000 BTUH
provided as shown in Figure 9. Do not alter the draft hood
in any way. If you are replacing an existing water heater,
be sure to use the draft hood supplied with this water
heater.
Alternative
Opening
Location
Confined
Space
Figure 9
Draft Hood
Installation
1 sq. Inch
Per 3000 btuh
50 GAL. UNIT
40 GAL. UNIT
Flat Side Of Hood
Next To Water
Connections.
Flat Side Of Hood
Next To Water
Connections.
Screw
Installation above
elevation 5,400 ft.
(1,646 m) from sea
level, Reducer Flue
must be installed on
40 gallon unit.
Legs
Draft Hood
Screw
Legs
Draft Hood
Reducer Flue
Legs
Legs
Slot
Figure 8B
All Air from Outdoors
Using a Single Permanent Opening
Slot
Install The Draft Hood With The Four Screws Provided.
Slot
Top
Slot
Install The Draft Hood With The Four Screws Provided.
Vent Pipe Size
It is important that you follow the guidelines in these
instructions for sizing a vent pipe system. If a transition to
a larger vent size is required, the vent transition connection
must be made at the draft hood outlet.
Vent Pipe System
This water heater uses a non-direct, single-pipe vent
system to remove exhaust gases created by the burning of
fossil fuels. Air for combustion is taken from the immediate
water heater location or is ducted in from the outside (see
“Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation” section).
Vent Connectors
1. Type B, Double wall, U.L. Listed Vent Pipe.
2. Single wall Vent Pipe.
Maintain the manufacturer’s specified minimum clearance
from combustible materials when using type B double wall
vent pipe.
Vent connectors made of type B, double wall vent pipe
material may pass through walls or partitions constructed
of combustible material if the minimum listed clearance is
maintained.
Maintain a six inch minimum clearance from all combustible
materials when using single wall vent pipe.
This water heater must be properly vented for the removal
of exhaust gases to the outside atmosphere. Correct
installation of the vent pipe system is mandatory for the
proper and efficient operation of this water heater and is an
important factor in the life of the unit.
The vent pipe must be installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest
edition. The vent pipe installation must not be obstructed so
as to prevent the removal of exhaust gases to the outside
atmosphere.
IMPORTANT: Single wall vent pipe cannot be used for
water heaters located in attics and may not pass through
attic spaces, crawl spaces or any confined or inaccessible
location. A single wall metal vent connector cannot pass
through any interior wall.
IMPORTANT: The use of vent dampers is not
recommended by the manufacturer of this water heater.
Although some vent dampers are certified by CSA
International, this certification applies to the vent damper
device only and does not mean they are certified for use on
this water heater.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO)
detectors are recommended in all applications and should
be installed using the manufacturer’s instructions and local
codes, rules, or regulations.
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required
to properly install this venting system, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified person.
Draft hood Installation
40 Gal. Water Heater: Align the reducer flue over top of
baffle as shown in Figure 9 (NOTE: reducer flue must be
installed on 40 gal. water heater above elevation 5,400 Ft.
(1,646 m) from sea level).
40 & 50 Gal. Water Heaters: Align the legs of the draft
hood with the slots provided. Insert the legs and secure the
draft hood to the water heater’s top with the four screws
Top
10
When installing a vent connector, please note the following:
• Install the vent connector avoiding unnecessary bends,
which create resistance to the flow of vent gases.
• Install without dips or sags with an upward slope of at
least 1/4-inch per foot.
• Joints must be fastened by sheet metal screws or other
approved means. It must be supported to maintain
clearances and prevent separation of joints and
damage.
• The length of the vent connector cannot exceed 75% of
the vertical vent height.
• The vent connector must be accessible for cleaning,
inspection, and replacement.
• Vent connectors cannot pass through any ceiling, floor,
firewall, or fire partition.
• It is recommend (but not mandatory) that a minimum 12
inches of vertical vent pipe be installed on the draft hood
prior to any elbow in the vent system.
IMPORTANT: Existing vent systems must be inspected for
obstructions, corrosion, and proper installation.
Chimney Connection
Listed Lined
Chimney
IMPORTANT: Before connecting a vent to a chimney,
make sure the chimney passageway is clear and free of
obstructions. The chimney must be cleaned if previously
used for venting solid fuel appliances or fireplaces. Also
consult local and state codes for proper chimney sizing and
application or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest
edition.
•
3 ft. minimum
*
Support
Strap
The connector must be installed above the extreme
bottom of the chimney to prevent potentially blocking
the flue gases.
•
The connector must be firmly attached and sealed to
prevent it from falling out.
•
To aid in removing the connector, a thimble or slip joint
may be used.
•
The connector must not extend beyond the inner edge
of the chimney as it may restrict the space between it
and the opposite wall of the chimney (Figure 10).
2 ft. minimum above any
object within10 ft.
horizontally
Do not terminate the vent connector in a chimney that has
not been certified for this purpose. Some local codes may
prohibit the termination of vent connectors in a masonry
chimney.
Slope up
1/4 in.
per ft.
minimum
3 ft. minimum
2 ft. minimum above any
object within10 ft.
horizontally
Support Strap
*
Vertical Exhaust Gas Vent
**
Vertical exhaust gas vents must be installed with U.L. listed
type B vent pipe according to the vent manufacturer’s
instructions and the terms of its listing.
Vent
connector
slope up
1/4 in. per ft.
minimum
It must be connected to the water heater’s draft hood by a
listed vent connector or by directly originating at the draft
hood opening.
Vertical gas vents must terminate with a listed cap or
other roof assembly and be installed according to their
manufacturer’s instructions.
Maintain Manufacturer’s
Specified Minimum
Clearance
Gas vents must be supported to prevent damage, joint
separation, and maintain clearances to combustible
materials (Figures 11 and 12).
Support Strap
**
*
IMPORTANT: This gas vent must be terminated in a
vertical position to facilitate the removal of the burnt gases.
An unused chimney flue or masonry enclosure may be
used as a passageway for the installation of a gas vent
(Figure 12).
Slope up
1/4 in.
per ft.
minimum
Common (combined) venting is allowable with vertical type
B vent systems and lined masonry chimneys as long as
proper draft for the water heater is established under all
conditions of operation.
* Maintain vent pipe clearance requirements to local, state
Figures 10-12 are examples of vent pipe system
installations and may or may not be typical for your specific
application. Consult the “National Fuel Gas Code”, NFPA
54, ANSI Z223.1-latest edition and the guidelines set forth
by prevailing local codes.
and/or the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-latest edition.
11
** NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents,
and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances states that these
chimneys are intended to be installed in accordance with
the installation instructions provided with each chimney
support assembly. Minimum air space clearance to
combustible materials should be maintained as marked on
the chimney sections.
Water System Piping
7.
Piping Installation
Piping, fittings, and valves should be installed according to
the installation drawing (Figure 13). If the indoor installation
area is subject to freezing temperatures, the water piping
must be protected by insulation.
Water supply pressure should not exceed 80% of the
working pressure of the water heater. The working pressure
is stated on the water heater’s data plate. If this occurs,
a pressure limiting valve with a bypass may need to be
installed in the cold water inlet line. This should be placed
on the supply to the entire house in order to maintain equal
hot and cold water pressures.
After piping has been properly connected to the water
heater, remove the aerator at the nearest hot water
faucet. Open the hot water faucet and allow the tank to
completely fill with water. To purge the lines of any excess air, keep the hot water faucet open for 3 minutes
after a constant flow of water is obtained. Close the
faucet and check all connections for leaks.
Figure 13
Water Piping Installation
Hot Water
Outlet
IMPORTANT: Heat cannot be applied to the water fittings
on the heater as they may contain nonmetallic parts. If
solder connections are used, solder the pipe to the adapter
before attaching the adapter to the hot and cold water
fittings.
Main
Water
Supply
Pressure reducing
valve with bypass
Cold Water
Inlet Valve
Union
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge line
6” maximum
above drain
IMPORTANT: Always use a good grade of joint compound
and be certain that all fittings are drawn up tight.
1.
In a closed system use a
thermal expansion tank
Cold Water
Supply to Fixtures
Install the water piping and fittings as shown in Figure
13. Connect the cold water supply (3/4” NPT) to the
fitting marked “C”. Connect the hot water supply (3/4”
NPT) to the fitting marked “H”.
1”minimum
Metal
Drain Pan
1 3/4” depth maximum
IMPORTANT: Some models may contain energy saving
heat traps to prevent the circulation of hot water within the
pipes. Do not remove the inserts within the heat traps.
2. The installation of unions in both the hot and cold water
supply lines is recommended for ease of removing the
water heater for service or replacement.
Figure 14
Typical Mising
Valve Installation
3. The manufacturer of this water heater recommends
installing a Mixing valve or an anti-scald device in the
domestic hot water line as shown in Figure 14. These
valves reduce the point-of-use temperature of the
water by mixing cold and hot water and are readily
available for use.
Drain line
3/4” ID
minimum
Drain
Massachusetts:
Install a vacuum relief
in cold water line per
section 19 MGL 142.
Mixed Water
To Fixtures
Unmixed
Hot Water
Cold Water
Inlet
4. If installing the water heater in a closed water system,
install an expansion tank in the cold water line as
specified under “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”
section.
Hot Water
Outlet
5. Install a shut-off valve in the cold water inlet line. It
should be located close to the water heater and be
easily accessible. Know the location of this valve and
how to shut off the water to the heater.
Follow the mixing
valve manufacturer’s
instructions.
6. A temperature and pressure relief valve must be
installed in the opening marked “Temperature and
Pressure (T & P) Relief Valve” on the water heater.
A discharge line must be added to the opening of
the T&P Relief Valve. Follow the instructions under
“Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve” section.
12
Mixing Valve
(Set To 120 0 F)
Closed System/Thermal Expansion
Please note the following:
•
The system should be installed only with piping that is
suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as copper,
CPVC, or polybutylene. This water heater must not be
installed using iron piping or PVC water piping.
•
Use only pumps, valves, or fittings that are compatible
with potable water.
•
Use only full flow ball or gate valves. The use of valves
that may cause excessive restriction to water flow is
not recommended.
•
Use only 95/5 tin-antimony or other equivalent solder.
Any lead based solder must not be used.
•
Piping that has been treated with chromates, boiler
seal, or other chemicals must not be used.
•
Chemicals that may contaminate the potable water
supply must not be added to the piping system.
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In
a closed system, the volume of water will grow. As the
volume of water grows, there will be a corresponding
increase in water pressure due to thermal expansion.
Thermal expansion can cause premature tank failure
(leakage). This type of failure is not covered under the
limited warranty. Thermal expansion can also cause
intermittent temperature-pressure relief valve operation:
water discharged from the valve due to excessive pressure
build up. The temperature-pressure relief valve is not
intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion. This
condition is not covered under the limited warranty.
A properly-sized thermal expansion tank should be installed
on all closed systems to control the harmful effects of
thermal expansion. Contact a plumbing service agency or
your retail supplier regarding the installation of a thermal
expansion leak.
13
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
IMPORTANT: Only a new temperature and pressure relief
valve should be used with your water heater. Do not use an
old or existing valve as it may be damaged or not adequate
for the working pressure of the new water heater. Do not
place any valve between the relief valve and the tank.
WARNING
The Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve:
•
Must not be in contact with any electrical part.
•
Must be connected to an adequate discharge line.
•
Must not be rated higher than the working pressure
shown on the data plate of the water heater.
The Discharge Line:
Explosion Hazard
•
Must not be smaller than the pipe size of the relief
valve or have any reducing coupling installed in the
discharge line.
•
Must not be capped, blocked, plugged or contain any
valve between the relief valve and the end of the discharge line.
•
Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building. In cold climates, it is
recommended that the discharge pipe be terminated at
an adequate drain inside the building.
Do not plug valve.
•
Must be capable of withstanding 250°F (121°C) without
distortion.
Do not remove valve.
•
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Must be installed to allow complete drainage of both
the valve and discharge line.
T&P Relief Valve and Pipe Insulation (Some Models)
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
1.
Figure 15A
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve Installation
Locate the Temperature and pressure relief valve on
the water heater (also known as a T&P relief valve). See
Figure 15B.
2. Locate the slit running the length of the T&P relief valve
insulation.
3
Discharge line 3/4" minimum
Do not cap or plug.
6" maximum
Spread this slit open and fit the insulation over the T&P
relief valve insulation. See figure 15B. Apply gentle pressure to the insulation to ensure that it is fully seated on the
T&P Relief Valve. Once seated, secure the insulation with
duct tape, electrical tape, or equivalent.
IMPORTANT: The insulation and tape should not block
the discharge opening or hinder access to the manual
relief (Figure 15B). Ensure a discharge pipe is installed
into the T&P valve discharge opening per the instructions
in this manual.
4. Locate the hot water (outlet) & cold water (inlet) pipes to
the water heater.
Figure 15B
T&P Relief Valve Insulation
For protection against excessive pressures and
temperatures, a temperature and pressure relief valve must
be installed in the opening marked “T & P RELIEF VALVE”
(see Figure 15A). This valve must be design certified by
a nationally recognized testing laboratory that maintains
periodic inspection of the production of listed equipment or
materials as meeting the requirements for Relief Valves and
Automatic Shut-off Devices for Hot Water Supply Systems,
ANSI Z21.22. The function of the temperature and pressure
relief valve is to discharge water in large quantities in the
event of excessive temperature or pressure developing
in the water heater. The valve’s relief pressure must not
exceed the working pressure of the water heater as stated
on the data plate.
Manual Relief Lever
T&P Relief Valve
T&P Relief Valve
Drain Line
T&P Relief Valve Insulation
14
5. Locate the slit running the length of a section of pipe
insulation.
Some jurisdictions may require a backflow preventer
in the incoming cold water line. This may cause the
temperature and pressure relief valve on the water heater
to discharge or weep due to expansion of the heated water.
A diaphragm-type expansion tank suitable for potable
water will normally eliminate this weeping condition. Please
read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the
installation of such tanks.
6. Spread the slit open and slip the insulation over the cold
water (inlet) pipe. Apply gentle pressure along the length
of the insulation to ensure that it is fully seated around the
pipe. Also, ensure that the base of the insulation is flush
with the water heater. Once seated, secure the insulation
with duct tape, electrical tape, or equivalent.
7.
Also see “Water System Piping” section for additional
instructions on the safe and correct installation and
operation of this water heater.
Repeat steps 5 through 6 for the hot water (outlet) pipe.
8. Add additional sections of pipe insulation as needed.
Special Applications
Figure 16
Typical Mixing Valve Installation
Combination Space Heating/Potable
Water Heating System
Combination Space Heating/Potable
Water System
Domestic
Hot Water
Out
Some water heater models are equipped with inlet/outlet
tappings for use with space heating applications. If this
water heater is to be used to supply both space heating
and domestic potable (drinking) water, the instructions
listed below must be followed.
•
Mixing
Valve
This water heater is not to be used as a replacement
for an existing boiler installation.
•
Do not use with piping that has been treated with chromates, boiler seal or other chemicals and do not add
any chemicals to the water heater piping.
•
If the space heating system requires water temperatures in excess of 120°F, a mixing valve or an antiscald device should be installed per its manufacturer’s
instructions in the domestic (potable) hot water supply
to limit the risk of scald injury.
•
Pumps, valves, piping and fittings must be compatible
with potable water.
•
A properly installed flow control valve is required to
prevent thermosiphoning. Thermosiphoning is the
result of a continuous flow of water through the air
handler circuit during the off cycle. Weeping (blow off)
of the temperature and pressure relief valve (T & P)
or higher than normal water temperatures are the first
signs of thermosiphoning.
•
The domestic hot water line from the water heater
should be vertical past any tempering valve or supply
line to the air handler to remove air bubbles from the
system. Otherwise, these bubbles will be trapped in the
air handler heat exchanger coil, reducing the efficiency.
•
Do not connect the water heater to any system or
components previously used with non-potable water
heating appliances when used to supply potable water.
Cold
Water
Inlet
Hot
Water
Out
Be sure to follow the manual(s) shipped with the air
handler system.
•
Must be vertical to
remove air bubbles
Unions
Flow Control
Pump Valve
Out
To
Air
Handler
Shut-off
Valve
In
Coil
Air
Handler
Massachusetts code
does not allow this
type of installation.
Solar Installation
If this water heater is used as a solar storage heater
or as a backup for the solar system, the water supply
temperatures to the water heater tank may be in excess of
120°F. A mixing valve or other temperature limiting valve
must be installed in the water supply line to limit the supply
temperature to 120°F.
NOTE: Solar water heating systems can often supply water
with temperatures exceeding 180°F and may result in water
heater malfunction.
15
Electrical Connections
WARNING
Before plugging in the water heater, always make sure:
•
The Voltage and frequency correspond to that specified
on the water heater.
•
The electrical outlet has the proper overload fuse or
breaker protection.
•
Water heater to be located within 6 feet of 120VAC outlet.
•
Unit is to connect to a 120VAC electrical supply outlet
(extension cord is not allowed).
•
The water heater and the outlet are properly grounded.
•
Installed in accordance with prevailing provisions of
local codes, or in the absence of such, National Electric
Code, ANSI/NFPS 70 current edition.
Electric Shock Hazard
Disconnect power before
servicing.
Replace all parts and panels
before operating.
Failure to do so can result in
death or electrical shock.
WARNING
Completely fill the tank with water and check all connections
for leaks. Open the nearest hot water faucet and let it run
for three (3) minutes to purge the water lines of air and
sediment and to ensure complete filling of the tank. The
Electrical power may then be turned on. Verify proper
operation after servicing.
Wiring Diagram
Gas Control
Valve / Thermostat
Air Intake
Chamber Fan
Anode
Rod
Pressure
Switch
Control Display
Igniter/Flame
Sense Connector
FV
Sensor
IMPORTANT:
LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO
DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING
CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN CAUSE
IMPROPER AND DANGEROUS OPERATION.
VERIFY PROPER OPERATION AFTER SERVICING.
16
Power Supply
Transformer
Important Information About This Water Heater
This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable vapor
ignition incident. The new technology used in meeting these standards makes this product more sensitive to installation
errors. Please review the following checklist and make any required installation upgrades or changes.
Questions? Call 1-877-817-6750.
□
Installation Checklist
Water Heater Location
Ductwork is the same cross-sectional area as the
openings.
Vent Pipe System
Water heater location is important and can affect system
performance. Please check the following:
□ Installation area free of corrosive elements and
flammable materials.
□ Centrally located with the water piping system (For new
installations). Located as close to the gas piping, vent
pipe system and 120VAC outlet as possible.
□ Located indoors and in a vertical position. Protected
from freezing temperatures.
□ Proper clearances from combustible surfaces
maintained and not installed directly on a carpeted floor.
□ Provisions made to protect the area from water damage.
Metal drain pan installed and piped to an adequate
drain.
□ Sufficient room to service the water heater. See
Clearances and Accessibility section of this manual.
□ Water heater not located near an air moving device.
□ Is the installed environment dirty (excessive amounts
of lint, dirt, dust, etc.)? If so, the air intake chamber
louvers located on the side of the water heater
will need to be cleaned periodically. Refer to the
maintenance section of your water heater’s manual
for information on cleaning the “Air Intake Chamber
Louvers”.
Check for proper drafting at the water heater draft hood.
Refer to the “Checking the Draft” section of this manual for
the test procedure. If the procedure shows insufficient draft
is present, please check the following.
□ Draft hood properly installed.
□ Vent connectors securely fastened with screws and
supported properly to maintain six inch clearance.
□ Vent connector made of approved material and sized
correctly.
□ Vent pipe system installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes,
the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-current edition.
□ Flue baffle properly positioned in the flue tube.
□ Check the vent system for restrictions/obstructions
and check the vent termination height. Refer to the
“Combustion Air and Ventilation” section of this water
heater manual for specific requirements.
□ Recheck for sufficient combustion air supply.
Water System Piping
□
□
□
□
□
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation
Check for sufficient combustion air supply. Insufficient air
for the combustion of gas will result in a inferior burner
flame “yellow-lazy”, thereby allowing smoking and carbon
formation (sooting) to build up in the combustion chamber.
Is the water heater installed in a closet or other small,
enclosed space? If so:
□ Are there openings for make-up air to enter and exit
the room/area?
□ Are the openings of sufficient size? Remember, if
there are other gas-fired or air-consuming appliances
in the same room, you need more make-up air. Refer
to the “Location Requirements” section of this water
heater manual for specific requirements.
Fresh air not taken from areas that contain negative
pressure producing devices such as exhaust fans, dryers,
fireplaces, etc.
□ Is there a furnace/air handler in the same room space
as the water heater? If so, has a return air duct system
been attached that exits the room? If so, check for
leaks on the air duct system. If no air duct system is
present, correct immediately by contacting a local
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning & Refrigeration
(HVAC-R) authorized service provider.
□ Fresh air supply free of corrosive elements and
flammable vapors.
Temperature and pressure relief valve properly installed
with a discharge line run to an open drain and protected
from freezing.
All piping properly installed and free of leaks.
Heater completely filled with water.
Closed system pressure build-up devices installed.
Mixing valve (when applicable) installed per
manufacturer’s instructions (See Water Temperature
Regulation section).
Gas Supply and Piping
□
□
□
□
□
Gas type is the same as that listed on the water heater
rating plate.
Gas line equipped with shut-off valve, union, and drip
leg.
Use pipe joint compound or teflon tape marked as being
resistant to the action of petroleum gases.
Adequate pipe size and approved pipe material.
An approved noncorrosive leak detection solution used
to check all connections and fittings for possible gas
leaks. Correct any leak found.
Electrical Supply
□
□
17
Water heater to be located as close as possible to a
120VAC outlet (extension cord is not allowed).
Electrical supply installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes,
the “National Electrical Code”, ANSI/NFPS 70 current
edition.
OPERATING YOUR WATER HEATER
Operating Instructions
WARNING
Read and understand these directions thoroughly before
Explosion Hazard
attempting to operate the water heater. Make sure the view
port is not missing or damaged (See Figure 25). Make sure
the tank is completely filled with water before operating the
water heater. The gas control valve/thermostat has a “On/
Off Switch” and needs to be turned on before water heater
is operational. Check the label on the front of heater near
the gas control valve/thermostat for the correct gas. Do
not use this water heater with any gas other than the one
listed on the label. If you have any questions or doubts,
consult your gas supplier or gas utility company.
Replace viewport if glass is
missing or damaged.
Failure to do so can result in
death, explosion or fire.
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE OPERATING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or
explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury
or loss of life.
BEFORE OPERATING: ENTIRE SYSTEM MUST BE FILLED WITH WATER AND AIR PURGED FROM ALL LINES.
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the
A. This appliance does not have a pilot. It is equipped with
an ignition device that will automatically light the
fire department.
burner. Do not try to light the burner by hand.
C. Use only your hand to push in the electronic display
buttons and gas control switch. Never use tools.
B. BEFORE OPERATING smell all around the appliance
If the control buttons will not push in, don't try to
area for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because
repair them, call a qualified service technician. Force
some gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
or attempted repair may result in a fire or explosion.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
Do not try to light any appliance.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been
Do not touch any electric switch;
under water. Immediately contact a qualified
do not use any phone in your building.
installer or service agency to replace a flooded
Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s
water heater. Do not attempt to repair the unit.
phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
It must be replaced!
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
ON
OFF
ON/OFF
SWITCH
"GAS CONTROL"
"ELECTRONIC DISPLAY"
1. STOP! R e a d t h e s a f e t y i n f o r m a t i o n
above on the label.
2. Turn on all electrical power to the appliance.
3. Set the ON/OFF switch on the gas control to the
"ON" position.
4. Set the Electronic Display to the lowest
and
setting by first pressing the COOLER
HOTTER
buttons together and holding for 1
button to
second. Then press the COOLER
the lowest setting.
5. Set the ON/OFF switch on the gas control to the
"OFF" position.
6. This appliance is equipped with a device
which automatically lights the burner.
DO NOT TRY TO LIGHT THE BURNER BY HAND.
Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. If you
then smell gas, STOP! Follow "B" in the safety
information above on this label. If you don’t
smell gas, go to the next step.
7. Set the ON/OFF switch on the gas control to the
"ON" postition.
8. Set the Electronic Display to the desired setting by first
pressing the COOLER
and HOTTER
buttons together and holding for 1 second. Then press
the HOTTER
button until the desired setting
is reached.
DANGER:
Hotter water increases the
risk scald injury. Consult the instruction
manual before changing temperature.
9. If the appliance will not operate, follow the instructions "TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE" and
call your technician or gas supplier.
WARNING: T U R N O F F A L L
ELECTRIC POWER BEFORE SERVICING.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Set the Electronic Display to the lowest setting by first
pressing the COOLER
and HOTTER
buttons together and holding for 1 second. Then press
the COOLER
button to the lowest setting.
2. Set the ON/OFF switch on the gas control to the
"OFF" postition.
3. Turn off all electrical power to the appliance if
service is to be performed.
185741-000
18
Checking The Draft
Water Heater Operation
Figure 17 below shows the water heater’s sequence of
operation when a call for heat is initiated. The ignition
control module will attempt to light the burner three times.
If the ignition control does not detect ignition it will enter
lockout mode, indicated by display flashing status code
(see status code 3 page 28 and/or status code 9 page 29).
WARNING
Burn Hazard
Do not touch vent.
Doing so can result in burns.
After successfully lighting the water heater, allow the unit
to operate for 15 minutes and check the draft hood relief
opening for proper draft (Figure 18). Make sure all other
appliances in the area are operating and all doors are closed
when performing the draft test. Pass a match flame around
the relief opening of the draft hood. A steady flame drawn
into the opening indicates proper draft.
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
Call for heat indicated by
flashing of display screen
status codes.
Gas valve/thermostat will open
for 4 second trial for ignition
and fan will turn on.
Gas valve/thermostat will do a
relay check (relay clicks will be
heard).
Flue Products Vented
to Ouside of Building
Main burner flame is detected by
flame sense rod. Air intake fan
and main burner will continue to
operate until water temperature
inside the tank reaches
temperature set point.
Display will show temperature
set point during call for heat.
Dilution Air
Dilution Air
Gas valve/thermostat is deenergized and air intake fan
continues for a post purge time
of approximately 5 seconds.
Draft Blower is energized.
System will verify pressure
switch operation and start a
5 second pre-purge, then air
intake fan will turn off.
Draft Hood
Match
Dilution Air
(Relief Opening)
Water heater returns to standby
mode.
Air is drawn in for
combustion. Keep
area clean and free
from combustibles
and flammable vapors.
Ignitor will start a 12 second
warm up period. “IGN” will
show on display.
FIGURE 17.
6” Maximum
Air Gap
Floor Drain
Outer Door
The water heater must be installed according to all local and state
codes or in the adsence of local and state codes, the “National Fuel
Code”’ ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)- current edition.
FIGURE 18.
19
Burner Flames
or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain
temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must
take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest
possible temperature setting that satisfies your hot water
needs, a means such as a mixing valve, should be used
at the hot water taps used by these people or at the water
heater. Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply or
hardware stores, see Figure 14. Follow manufacturer’s
instructions for installation of the valves. Before changing
the factory setting on the thermostat see Figure 21. Using
the lowest hot water temperature that meets your needs
will also provide the most energy efficient operation of the
water heater.
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or
to draw their own bath water. Never leave a child or
handicapped person unattended in a bathtub or shower.
NOTE: A water temperature range of 120°F-140°F
(49°C-60°C) is recommended by most dishwasher
manufacturers.
The thermostat of this water heater has been factory set
at its lowest position. It is adjustable and must be reset to
the desired temperature setting to reduce the risk of scald
injury. The electronic control display temperature should
be set at approximately 120°F (49°C) and this is the preferred starting point. Some states have a requirement for a
lower setting. If you need hotter water, follow directions for
temperature adjustment, but beware of the warnings in this
section, see Figure 20.
Inspect the burner flames through the viewport and
compare them to the drawings in Figure 19. A properly
operating burner should produce a soft blue flame. Blue
tips with yellow inner cones are satisfactory. The tips
of the flame may have a slight yellow tint. The flame
should not be all yellow or have a sharp blue-orange
color. Contaminated air may cause an orange colored
flame. Contact a qualified technician if the flame is not
satisfactory.
Figure 19
Emergency Shut Down
IMPORTANT: Should overheating occur or the gas supply
fails to shut off, turn off the heater’s manual gas control
valve and the electrical power. Call a qualified technician.
Water Temperature Regulation
WARNING
Water
Temperature
°F
Water temperature over 125°F can cause
severe burns instantly or death from scalds.
Time for 1st
Time for Permanent Burns
Degree Burn
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Less Severe Burns)
(Most Severe Burns)
110
(normal shower temp.)
116
(pain threshold)
116
35 minutes
122
1 minute
45 minutes
5 minutes
131
5 seconds
25 seconds
140
2 seconds
5 seconds
149
1 second
2 seconds
154
instantaneous
1 second
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L. Armstrong, Sept. 15,1978)
Children, disabled and elderly are at highest
risk of being scalded.
Figure 20
Pressing the “COOLER”
button decreases temperature
and pressing the “HOTTER”
button increases the
temperature.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting valves are available.
To avoid any unintentional changes in water temperature
settings, the control has a tamper resistant feature
for changing the temperature setting. To change the
temperature setting follow these instructions:
Due to the nature of the typical gas water heater, the water
temperature in certain situations may vary up to 30°F (16.7
°C) higher or lower at the point of use such as, bathtubs,
showers, sink, etc.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are
intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes
washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing needs can
scald and permanently injure you upon contact. Some
people are more likely to be permanently injured by hot
water than others. These include the elderly, children,
the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If anyone
using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups
1.
“Wake Up” the temperature indicators by holding down
both “COOLER” and “HOTTER” temperature adjustment buttons at the same time for one second (See
Figure 21). The display will light up. The display will
only remain on for 30 seconds if no further buttons are
pressed. After 30 seconds the control will go back to
“Sleep” mode.
2. Release both of the temperature adjustment buttons.
A. To decrease the temperature press and release the
“COOLER” button until the desired setting is reached.
20
B. To increase the temperature press and release the
“HOTTER” button until the desired setting is reached.
NOTE: Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail
to shut off, turn off the manual gas control valve to the
appliance.
An undersized water heater will cause more condensation.
The water heater must be sized properly to meet the
family’s demands for hot water including dishwashers,
washing machines and shower heads.
Excessive condensation may be noticed during the
winter and early spring months when incoming water
temperatures are at their lowest.
NOTE: During low demand periods when hot water is not
being used, a lower thermostat setting will reduce energy
losses and may satisfy your normal hot water needs. If hot
water use is expected to be more than normal, a higher
thermostat setting may be required to meet the increased
demand. When leaving your home for extended periods
(vacations, etc.) Set the electronic control display temperature “COOLER” button to its lowest setting. This
will maintain the water at low temperatures with minimum
energy losses and prevent the tank from freezing during
cold weather.
Figure 21
Good venting is essential for a gas fired water heater
to operate properly as well as to carry away products of
combustion and water vapor.
It is always recommended that a suitable metal drain pan
be installed under the water heater to protect the area
from water damage resulting from normal condensation
production, a leaking tank or piping connections. Refer to
the “Location Requirements” section.
Water Heater Sounds
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat Settings
During the normal operation of the water heater, sounds or
noises may be heard. These noises are common and may
result from the following:
1. Normal expansion and contraction of metal parts
during periods of heat-up and cool-down.
2. Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the
burner area and should be considered normal.
3. Sediment buildup in the tank bottom will create varying
amounts of noise and may cause premature tank
failure. Drain and flush the tank as directed under the
“Draining and Flushing” section.
COOLER
HOTTER
Electronic Control Display
Smoke/Odor
Operational Conditions
The water heater may give off a small amount of smoke
and odor during the initial start-up of the unit. This is due
to the burning off of oil from metal parts of a new unit and
will disappear after a brief period of operation.
Condensation
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some
condensate will form while the burner is on. A water
heater may appear to be leaking when in fact the water is
condensation. This usually happens when:
Safety Shut-off
This water heater is designed to automatically shut-off in
the event of the following:
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first
time.
b.
Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters, particularly high efficiency models where flue temperatures
are lower.
c.
Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and
the refill water in the tank is very cold.
1. The burner flame is extinguished for any reason.
2. The water temperature exceeds 195°F (91°C).
3. Excessive build up of dust on the louvers of the air
intake chamber. See Maintenance of your Water
Heater Section.
This unit is also equipped with a flammable vapor sensor
(FV Sensor), designed to shut off the gas supply in the
event the water heater has been exposed to flammable
vapors (e.g., spilled gasoline).
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the
cooler tank surfaces and form drops of water which may fall
onto the burner or other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling”
or “frying” noise.
A high temperature limit switch or ECO (Energy Cut Off) in
the tank is used to shut off the unit if the water temperature
exceeds 195°F (91°C). The ECO is a single-use switch,
which, if activated, requires complete replacement of the
entire gas control valve/thermostat. If the ECO should
activate, the water heater cannot be used until the
gas control valve/thermostat is replaced by a qualified
technician. Contact your local dealer for service information.
Excessive condensation can cause burner flame problems
due to water running down the flue tube onto the main
burner.
Because of the suddenness and amount of water,
condensation water may be diagnosed as a “tank leak”.
After the water in the tank warms up (about 1-2 hours), the
condition should disappear.
Do not assume the water heater is leaking until there has
been enough time for the water in the tank to warm up.
21
Powered Anode Operation
Draining and Flushing
To protect the glass-lined water tank from corrosion
through electrolysis, this water heater is equipped with a
non sacrificial powered anode rod. The powered anode
rod is non sacrificial and should not need to be replaced
unless damaged.
It is recommended that the tank be drained and flushed
every 6 months to remove sediment which may build up
during operation. The water heater should be drained if
being shut down during freezing temperatures. To drain the
tank, perform the following steps:
If the powered anode rod has been damaged then the
powered anode rod should be removed and replaced from
the water heater tank.
1.
Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual gas
shut-off valve and turn off the electrical power to the
gas control/thermostat valve.
2. Open a nearby hot water faucet until the water is not
longer hot.
3. Close the cold water inlet valve.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to
an adequate drain or external to the building.
5. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the
water to drain from the tank. Flush the tank with water
as needed to remove sediment.
6. Close the drain valve, refill the tank, and restart the
heater as directed in this manual.
If the water heater is going to be shut down for an
extended period, the drain valve should be left open.
IMPORTANT: If the damaged powered anode rod has not
been replaced but has been remove permanently, this will
void any warranties.
Figure 22
Powered
Anode
Rod
Powered Anode System
To ensure a long, trouble-free
operating life, this water
heater is equipped with a
powered anode system.
The powered anode rod is of
a permanent design and does
not need replacing unless
damaged.
IMPORTANT: Condensation may occur when refilling the
tank and should not be confused with a tank leak.
NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the powered
anode rod, check for any leaks and immediately correct if
found.
Routine Preventive Maintenance
At least annually, a visual inspection should be made of
the venting and air supply system, piping systems, and
main burner. Check the water heater for the following:
In replacing the powered anode:
1.
Turn off electrical supply and gas supply to the water
heater.
•
Obstructions, damage, or deterioration in the venting
system. Make sure the ventilation and combustion air
supplies are not obstructed.
• Clean any dust or debris from the louvers of the air
intake chamber.
• Soot and/or carbon on the main burner. Contact a
qualified technician.
• Leaking or damaged water and gas piping.
• Presence of flammable or corrosive materials in the
installation area.
• Presence of combustible materials near the water
heater.
• After servicing this water heater, check to make sure
it is working properly. (See “Operating Your Water
Heater” section of this manual.)
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required to
properly perform this visual inspection, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified technician.
2. Shut off the water supply and open a nearby hot water
faucet to depressurize the water tank.
3. Drain approximately 5 gallons of water from tank
(Refer to the “Draining and Flushing” section for proper
procedures). Close drain valve.
4. Remove the wiring connection on the top of the
powered anode rod and remove the old powered
anode rod (Figure 22).
5. Use Teflon® tape or approved pipe sealant on threads
and install new anode rod.
6. Turn on water supply and open nearby hot water faucet
to purge air from water system. Check for any leaks
and immediately correct any if found.
7.
Turn on electrical and gas supplies. Restart the water
heater as directed under the “Operating Your Water
Heater.” See the “Repair Parts Illustration” section for
anode rod location.
TEFLON® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company
22
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve
WARNING
Manually operate the temperature and pressure relief
valve at least once a year to make sure it is working
properly. To prevent water damage, the valve must be properly connected to a discharge line which terminates at an
adequate drain. Standing clear of the outlet (discharged
water may be hot), slowly lift and release the lever handle
on the temperature and pressure relief valve to allow the
valve to operate freely and return to its closed position.
See Figure 23. If the valve fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately shut off the
manual gas control valve and the cold water inlet valve
and call a qualified technician.
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Figure 23
TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
MANUAL RELIEF
VALVE
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
DISCHARGE LINE TO DRAIN
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR WATER HEATER
Replacement Parts
Figure 24
IMPORTANT: The following maintenance procedures are
for the FVIR System components and should be performed
by a qualified technician.
Replacement parts may be ordered through your plumber
or the local distributor. Parts will be shipped at prevailing
prices and billed accordingly. When ordering replacement
parts, always have the following information ready:
1. model, serial, and product number
2. type of gas
3. item number
4. parts description
Manifold Tube
Power Supply
Transformer
Igniter/Flame
Connector
Sense
Connector
See Repair Parts Section for a list of available repair parts.
Removing the Manifold/Burner Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Gas Control Valve/
Thermostat
Pressure
Switch / Fan,
FV Sensor
Connector
Control Display,
Anode Rod
Connector
Removing the Burner from the Manifold/
Burner Assembly
Turn off the gas supply to the water heater at the manual
gas shut-off valve. This valve is typically located beside
the water heater. Note the position of the shut-off valve in
the open/on position then proceed to turn it off (Figure 3).
Disconnect power supply to the heater.
Remove the outer door. Remove the 2 screw securing
the manifold door assembly to the skirt.
Disconnect all wiring connectors from the gas control
valve/thermostat (Figure 24). Disconnect the manifold
tube at the gas control valve/thermostat.
Grasp the manifold tube and push down slightly to free
the manifold from the gas control valve/thermostat.
Gently remove the manifold assembly from the burner
compartment. NOTE: Be sure not to damage internal
parts (Figure 28).
Check the burner to see if it is dirty or clogged. The
burner may be cleaned with soap and hot water.
Natural Gas Burner
1. Take off the burner by removing the two (2) screws
located underneath the burner.
2. Check the burner to see if it is dirty or clogged. The burner
may be cleaned with soap and hot water (Figure 25).
Figure 25
Manifold Door Assembly
View Port
Screws
Igniter/Flame
Sense Connector
Burner
(Bottom View)
23
Replacing the Flame Sense/Hot igniter
Assembly
Cleaning the Combustion Chamber
and Air Diverter Assembly
1. Remove the manifold/burner assembly. See Removing
the Manifold/Burner Assembly.
1.
Follow procedure outlined in “Removing the Manifold/
Burner Assembly”.
2. Use a vacuum cleaner/shop vac to remove all loose
debris in the combustion chamber (Figure 28). Use
compressed air to clear any dust or debris that may
have accumulated on the air diverter assembly.
2. Lift the retainer clip straight up from the back of
the manifold component block (using a flat-blade
screwdriver), then remove the manifold component
block from the manifold door (Figure 26.)
3. Remove and keep the screw securing the flame sense/
hot surface igniter assembly (Figure 26)
Figure 28
4. Remove and discard the old flame sense/hot surface
igniter assembly.
Air Diverter
Assembly
5. Route the new flame sense/hot surface igniter connector wire through manifold/burner door opening as
shown in figure 26. Secure assembly to bracket using
screw removed earlier.
Combustion
Chamber
Manifold
Door Gasket
Figure 26
Screw
Retainer Clip
3. Reassemble following the procedure under “Replacing
the Manifold/Burner Assembly”.
Replacing the Manifold/Burner
Assembly
Flame Sense/
Hot Surface
Igniter Assemb
Manifold Component
Block
WARNING
6. Reposition the manifold component block in the manifold door opening and secure it with the retainer clip.
7.
See Replacing the Manifold/Burner Assembly.
Explosion Hazard
External Inspection & Cleaning of the
Air Intake Chamber Screen
Tighten both manifold door screws
securely.
1. At least twice annually inspect the air intake chamber
screen (Figure 27) for any dust or debris that may have
accumulated on the screen.
Remove any fiberglass between gasket
and combustion chamber.
Replace viewport if glass is missing or
damaged.
NOTE: If the water heater is located in an area that is
subjected to lint and dirt, it may be necessary to check
the air intake chamber screen
more frequently.
Replace two piece wire connector if missing
or removed.
2. Use a vacuum cleaner with a
hose attachment to remove any
dust or debris that may have
accumulated on the screen.
Figure 27
Replace door gasket if damaged.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or fire.
1.
Check the door gasket for damage or imbedded debris
prior to installation.
2. Inspect the view port for damage and replace as required.
Air Intake Chamber
Screen
24
3. Insert the manifold/burner assembly into the burner
compartment making sure that the tip of the manifold
tube engages in the slot of the bracket inside the
combustion chamber (Figure 29).
4. Inspect the door gasket and make sure there is no
fiberglass insulation between the gasket and the
combustion chamber.
5. Replace the two screws, which secure the manifold/
burner assembly door to the combustion chamber and
tighten securely. Once the manifold/burner assembly
door is tightened, visually inspect the door gasket
between the manifold/burner assembly door and the
combustion chamber for spaces or gaps that would
prevent a seal.
IMPORTANT: Do not operate the water heater if
the door gasket does not create a seal between the
manifold door and the combustion chamber.
6. During the following procedure, do not cross-thread
or apply any thread sealant to any of the fittings listed
below. First, reconnect the manifold tubing to the gas
control valve/thermostat.
7. Reconnect the flame sense/hot surface igniter wire to
the gas control valve/thermostat (Figure 24).
8. Turn gas supply on and refer to the Lighting
Instructions.
9. With the burner lit, check the gas control valve/
thermostat supply line, two piece wire connector, and
manifold tube connections for leaks. Check for leaks by
brushing on an approved noncorrosive leak detection
solution.
IMPORTANT: Do Not splash solution onto the
electrical connections. Bubbles forming indicate a
leak. Correct any leak found. All leaks must be fixed
immediately.
10. Replace the outer door (see Item 19 page 32).
2. Unplug the electrical transformer from the wall outlet.
3. Turn off the gas supply to the water heater at the
manual gas shut-off valve. This valve is typically located
beside the water heater. Note the position of the shutoff valve in the open/on position then proceed to turn it
off (Figure 3).
4. Drain the water heater. Refer to the section of
“Draining and Flushing” section and follow the
procedure.
5. Disconnect the the flame sense/hot surface igniter
wire, power supply transformer, pressure switch/
fan and display connector wires from the thermostat
(Figure 24). Disconnect the manifould tube at the
thermostat (Figure 24).
6. Refer to “Gas Piping” section (Figure 3) and disconnect
the ground joint union in the gas piping. Disconnect the
remaining pipe from the gas control valve/thermostat.
7. To remove the gas control valve/thermostat, thread a
correctly sized pipe into the inlet and use it to turn the gas
control valve/thermostat (counterclockwise.) Do not use
pipe wrench or equivalent to grip body. Damage may
result, causing leaks. Do not insert any sharp objects into
the inlet or outlet connections. Damage to the gas control
valve/thermostat may result.
Replacing the Gas Valve
1. To replace the gas control valve/thermostat,
reassemble in reverse order. When replacing the gas
control valve/ thermostat, thread a correctly sized
pipe into the inlet and use it to turn the gas valve
(clockwise.) DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN or damage may
result.
NOTE: Use an approved TEFLON® tape or pipe
compound only on the threaded section of the gas
control valve/thermostat that screws into the tank.
2. Reconnect the gas piping to the gas control valve/
thermostat.
NOTE: Use an approved Teflon tape or pipe
compound on the gas piping connections.
3. Reconnect the manifold tube, flame sense/hot surface
igniter wire, power supply transformer, pressure switch/
fan and display connector wires (Figure 24).
4. Fill the tank completely with water.
NOTE: To purge the lines of any excess air, keep the
hot water faucet open for 3 minutes after a constant
flow of water is obtained.
5. Turn on the gas supply and test the gas supply
connections by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak detection solution.
IMPORTANT: Do Not splash solution onto the
electrical connections. Bubbles forming indicate a leak.
Correct any leak found.
6. Check the operation of the burner by following the
lighting instructions on the front of the water heater.
With the burner lit, check the gas control valve/
thermostat supply line, manifold tube connections for
leaks.
7. Verify proper operation and then replace the outer door.
8. If additional information is required, contact Residential
Technical Assistance by referencing the phone number on
the water heater or on the front cover of this manual.
Figure 29
Door Gasket
Burner
Slot
Viewport
Manifold Tab
Removing and Replacing the gas
Control Valve/Thermostat
IMPORTANT: Use only factory authorized replacement parts.
1.
Set the gas control valve/thermostat to its lowest setting
by first depressing the COOLER
and HOTTER
buttons together and hold for 1 second. Then press
the COOLER
button until the WARM indicator light
appears (Figure 21).
TEFLON® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company
25
Pressurized Combustion Chamber System
Operational Checklist
1.
2.
3.
4.
Manifold gasket properly sealed.
Viewport not damaged or cracked.
Combustion chamber free of debris and undamaged.
Manifold component block properly installed.
5.
6.
No leaks at manifold connection.
Manifold door screws securely tightened.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
PROBLEM
NO HOT WATER
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1.
INSUFFICIENT HOT WATER 2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
SLOW HOT WATER
RECOVERY
WATER TOO HOT
BURNER FLAME
YELLOW - LAZY
BURNER FLAME FLOATS
AND LIFTS OFF PORTS
COMBUSTION ODORS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Transformer unplugged.
No power at outlet.
Thermostat defective.
Air Intake Chamber Fan defective.
Pressure Switch defective.
Gas Valve/Thermostat Switch in “OFF
POSITION”.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Plug transformer back into 120 VAC. outlet.
Repair service to outlet.
Replace Thermostat.
Replace Air Intake Chamber Fan Assembly.
Replace Pressure Switch Assembly.
Move Gas Valve/Thermostat Switch to “ON POSITION”.
Thermostat set too low.
Thermostat defective.
Heater undersized.
Low gas pressure.
Incoming water is unusually cold.
Leaking hot water pipes or fixtures.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Set temperature control higher.
Replace thermostat.
Reduce hot water use.
Contact dealer.
Allow more time for heater to reheat.
Have plumber check and repair leaks.
Low gas pressure.
Improper calibration.
Thermostat set too low.
Water heater too small.
Wrong piping connections.
Wasted hot water.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Check with gas utility company.
Replace thermostat.
Turn temperature dial to desired setting.
Install adequate heater.
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet.
Advise customer.
1. Thermostat set too high.
1. Set temperature control lower.
see, “WATER TEMPERATURE REGULATION”,
section.
1. Dirt in burner ports.
2. Combustion air path restricted.
1. Turn off heater and gas, clean burner head.
2. Check intake venting arrangements for obstructions.
3. Check intake venting arrangements for obsructions.
4. Clean, locate source and correct.
5. Clean or replace orifice.
6. Check orifice and replace if necessary.
7. Replace thermostat
3. Not enough dilution air for proper combustion.
4. Main burner line clogged.
5. Obstruction in main burner orifice.
6. Burner flame too high.
7. Flame burns at orifice/thermostat not
functioning properly.
8. Low gas pressure.
8. Check with gas utility company.
1. Orifice too large/wrong orifice.
2. High gas pressure.
3. Water heater flue or vent system
blocked.
4. Cold drafts.
1. Replace with correct-orifice.
2. Check with gas utility company.
3. Clean flue and burner-locate source and correct.
1. Insufficient secondary air.
1. Provide ventilation to water heater. Check
flue.
2. Clean, locate source and correct.
2. Water heater flue or vent system
blocked.
3. Heater installed in a confined area.
26
4. Locate source and correct.
3. Provide fresh air ventilation.
continued:
PROBLEM
WATER LEAKS
LEAKING T&P
HOT WATER ODORS
WATER HEATER SOUNDS
SIZZLING-RUMBLING
SMOKING AND CARBON
FORMATION (SOOTING)
HIGH OPERATION COSTS
THERMOSTAT FAILS TO
SHUT-OFF
DRIP FROM RELIEF VALVE
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1. Tighten threaded connections.
1. Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply
connections, relief valve, drain valve or
thermostat threads.
2. Leakage from other appliances or
2. Inspect other appliances near water heater.
water lines.
3. Condensation of flue products.
3. See “OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS”, section.
4. Excessive water pressure.
4. Use a pressure reducing valve and relief valve.
5. Heater stacking.
6. Closed water system.
5. Lower the thermostat setting.
6. See “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”.
1. Thermal expansion in closed water
system.
2. Improperly seated valve.
1. Install thermal expansion tank (DO NOT plug T&P
valve).
2. Check relief valve for proper operation (DO NOT
plug T&P valve.
1. High sulfate or mineral content in water
supply.
2. Bacteria in water supply.
1. Drain and flushing heater thoroughly then refill.
1. Condensation dripping on burner.
1. See “START UP CONDITIONS”, section.
2. Sediment at bottom of heater tank.
2. See “DRAINING AND FLUSHING”, section.
1. Insufficient secondary air.
1. Provide ventilation to water heater. Check flue way,
flue baffle, burner.
2. Check with gas utility company.
3. Clean, locate source and correct.
2. Low gas pressure.
3. Water heater flue or vent system
blocked.
4. Thermostat not functioning properly.
5. Heater installed in a confined area.
6. Burner flame yellow-lazy.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Thermostat set too high.
Sediment or lime in tank.
Water heater too small for job.
Wrong piping connections.
Leaking faucets.
Gas leaks.
Wasted hot water.
Long runs of exposed piping.
Hot water piping in exposed wall.
2. Chlorinate water supply.
4. Replace thermostat.
5. Provide fresh air ventilation.
6. See “Burner Flame Yellow-Lazy”.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Set temperature to lower setting.
Drain/flush-provide water treatment if needed.
Install adequate heater.
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet.
Repair faucets.
Check with utility-repair at once.
Advise customer.
Insulate piping.
Insulate piping.
1. Thermostat not functioning properly.
2. Improper calibration.
1. Replace thermostat.
2. Replace thermostat.
1. Excessive water pressure.
2. Heater stacking.
1. Use a pressure reducing valve and relief valve.
2. Lower the thermostat setting.
3. Closed water system.
3. See “CLOSED SYSTEM/THERMAL EXPANSION”, section.
27
ELECTRONIC CONTROL DISPLAY TROUBLESHOOTING
ELECTRONIC CONTROL DISPLAY
Please check guidelines below. For your safety, water heater service should be performed only by a qualified service person.
Read the GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION supplied by the water heater manufacturer.
CONTROL DISPLAY STATUS
1.
“POWER” Flashing
PROBLEM
Communication Error
The system has detected a
communication error between the
upper and lower controls.
2.
3.
“HEATING” and “SHORT” Flashing
“HEATING” and “OPEN” Flashing
The self-diagnostic tests have
found a problem with an internal
circuit.
Ignition/flame failure.
The water heater has reached the
maximum number of retries and is
currently locked out for one hour.
Cycle the power to the water
heater off and on to reset.
SOLUTION
1. Check the 5-conductor data cable that
runs between the upper and lower
controls. Check that the wiring is not
broken, and the connectors on both ends
are properly seated in the mating
connectors.
2. Replace the upper control, if the error code
does not clear - cycle power to the water
heater “Off” and “On” to reset.
3. Replace the lower control if the problem persists.
1. Turn the power off for 10 to 20 seconds
then on again to clear the error code.
2. If the error code persists or cannot be
cleared, replace the lower control.
1. Gas supply is turned off – pressure too
low. Ensure supply and manifold gas
pressures are within requirements in the
installation manual. Manifold gas
pressure is non-adjustable, if pressure is
off by more than 0.3” W.C. (75 Pa)
replace the lower control.
2. Low supply voltage – should be 115 –
125 VAC.
3. Ensure flame sensor is making good
contact with the burner flame, ensure
flame is steady.
4. Ensure the flame sensor is clean – use
ultra fine steel wool or Scotch-BriteTM pad
to clean the flame sensor.
5. Ensure the hot surface ignitor is
positioned to provide consistent ignition.
6. Check for any cracks in the ignitor
assembly ceramic insulators – replace
ignitor assembly if damaged.
4.
5.
“HEATING”, “OPEN”, and “SHORT” Flashing
“ECO” and “OPEN” Flashing
Weak flame sensor current.
Water temperature in the tank has
exceeded 185°F (85°C) and has
activated the ECO.
28
7. Check resistance of the ignitor at room
temperature (77°F – 25°C) at the plug
end. Replace ignitor if the resistance is
not within 1.72 to 2.4 ohms at room
temperature.
1. Ensure flame sensor is making good
contact with the burner flame, ensure
flame is steady.
2. Ensure the flame sensor is clean – use
ultra fine steel wool or Scotch-Brite TM pad
to clean the flame sensor.
1. Turn the power off for 10 – 20 seconds
then on again to clear this error code.
2. Replace the lower control if the error
code persists.
CONTROL DISPLAY STATUS
6.
“P-SW”, “OPEN”, and “CLEAN SCREEN” Flashing
SOLUTION
PROBLEM
The air pressure switch contacts
remain open longer than 11
seconds after the combustion fan
is energized.
1. Clean the screen on the combustion air
intake chamber. Turn the power “OFF” for
10 to 20 seconds then “ON” again to clear
the error code. If the problem persists:
2. Ensure the pressure switch sensing tube
is in good condition and securely
connected at both ends.
3. Ensure the inner door to the combustion
chamber is secure and the gasket is
properly sealing.
4. Check operation of the air intake chamber
fan and pressure switch.
A. Turn off power to the water heater.
B. Remove the tubing from the pressure
switch and the wires from both
terminals of the pressure switch.
C. Connect a digital manometer to the
open end of the tubing from the air
intake chamber. Turn on the power to
the water heater and when the fan turns
on, measure the pressure reading in the
tubing. If the pressure reading reaches
the .22” WC make point of the pressure
switch, turn off power to the water
heater and reconnect tubing to the
pressure switch. If pressure reading does
not reach the .22” WC make point, check
the system and tubing for restrictions
and cleanliness.
D. Attach leads of ohmmeter or continuity
tester to the terminals of the pressure
switch. Turn on power to the water
heater and when the air intake fan
comes on, check for continuity across
the pressure switch contacts. If switch
contacts remain open (no continuity)
while the fan is in operation - replace
the pressure switch.
1. Turn off power to the water heater.
7.
“P-SW” and “SHORT” Flashing
The air pressure switch contacts
remain closed for more than 5
seconds when they should be
open.
2. Locate the pressure switch wiring –
ensure pressure switch wiring is correct
and not jumped.
3. Remove wires to both terminals on
pressure switch.
4. Check pressure switch contacts with an
ohmmeter for continuity.
A.
B.
If pressure switch contacts show
continuity (closed circuit) replace
the pressure switch.
If pressure switch contacts show
open circuit and all wiring is correct
– replace the lower control.
1. Check all wiring to the hot surface ignitor.
8.
“IGN” Flashing
Open ignitor circuit
2. Check the 3 pin Molex ignitor assembly
plug and receptacle on the lower control
for a good connection. Repair or replace
parts if necessary.
3. Check resistance of the ignitor with an
ohmmeter on the ignitor assembly plug.
Replace ignitor if resistance is not within
1.72 and 2.40 ohms.
4. If above checks are good – turn off
power for 10 seconds and then back on.
If this error code will not clear and the
ignitor resistance is within specifications
– replace the lower control.
9.
“FV-SENSE” Flashing
Flammable Vapor Sensor has
detected the presence of
flammable vapors and is in lockout
1. Do not touch any electrical switch, do not use
any phone in the building and do not try to
light any appliance.
2. Smell around the water heater to ensure there
are no gas leaks at the gas control valve or in
the supply gas line or for any other type of
flammable vapors in the area.
3. Carefully inspect the area surrounding the
water heater for any substances such as gasoline, paint, paint thinners, varnish, or cleaners
that could emit flammable vapors. Remove
anything that can potentially emit flammable
vapors from the area and store it properly in a
different location.
~ continued next page ~
29
CONTROL DISPLAY STATUS
9.
10.
11.
PROBLEM
4. System must be manually reset by entering a
special FVS reset sequence into the Electronic
Control Display. Contact a service agency to
determine the cause and instructions on the
reset sequence.
“FV-SENSE” Flashing
(Continued from previous page)
“LDO-SW”, “OPEN”, and “CLEAN SCREEN”
Flashing
“FV-SENSE” and “OPEN” Flashing
SOLUTION
The air pressure switch contacts
remain open longer than 5
seconds after the combustion fan
is energized.
Flammable Vapor Sensor is open
1. Clean the screen on the combustion air
intake chamber, retest.
2. If the problem persists: Cycle power to the
water heater “OFF” and “ON” to reset.
1. Check all wiring to the flammable vapor
sensor.
2. Remove the connectors from the
flammable vapor sensor and measure
the resistance of the sensor with an
ohmmeter.
A. If the reading taken is more than
1.7 million ohms, replace the
flammable vapor sensor.
B. If the reading taken is less than 1.7
million ohms, and the wiring from
the control to the sensor is good,
replace the lower control.
12.
“FV-SENSE” and “SHORT” Flashing
Flammable Vapor Sensor is
shorted
1. Check all wiring to the flammable vapor
sensor.
2. Remove the connectors from the
flammable vapor sensor and measure
the resistance of the sensor with an
ohmmeter.
A. If the reading taken is less than
2000 ohms, replace the flammable
vapor sensor.
B. If the reading taken is more than
2000 ohms, and the wiring from the
control to the sensor is good,
replace the lower control.
13.
14.
“THMSTR” and “OPEN” Flashing
“THMSTR” and “SHORT” Flashing
The self-diagnostic test has
detected the temperature sensor
(thermistor) inside the immersion
probe is open.
The self-diagnostic test has
detected the temperature sensor
(thermistor) inside the immersion
probe is shorted.
15.
All Segments Flashing
The self-diagnostic check has
detected one or both of the
temperature adjustment buttons
are stuck.
16.
“P-ANODE” and “OPEN” Flashing
No current to Power Anode.
17.
“P-ANODE” Flashing
Power Anode circuit failure.
1. Turn power off for 10 to 20 seconds then
on again to clear this error code.
2. This part of the control cannot be
replaced or serviced. If the error code
cannot be cleared, the lower control must
be replaced.
1. Turn power off for 10 to 20 seconds then
on again to clear this error code.
2. This part of the control cannot be
replaced or serviced. If the error code
cannot be cleared, the lower control must
be replaced.
1. Press and release each of the
temperature adjustment buttons. If the
above action does not clear the error, the
control will continue to regulate the water
temperature at the last setting. However,
settings will no longer be adjustable – the
upper control should be replaced.
1. Check the wire that runs from the power
anode to the upper control. Check the
wire for damage, and to ensure that the
connectors are fully seated into the
mating connectors on both ends.
2. Check that the tank is full of water. Never
use this water heater unless it is
completely full of water. To prevent
damage to the tank, the tank must be
filled with water. Water must flow from
the hot water faucet before turning “ON”
gas to the water heater.
3. Cycle power to the water heater “OFF” and
“ON” to reset.
1. Turn the power off for 10 to 20 seconds
then on again to clear the error code.
2. If the error code persists or cannot be
cleared, replace the upper control.
30
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHART
APPLY POWER TO
APPLIANCE
REQUEST
FOR HEAT
PRESENT?
NO
3 MINUTE
AUTOMATIC RESET
TIME DELAY
YES
IS
PRESSURE SWITCH
PROVEN OPEN WITHIN
NO
5 SECONDS?
WAIT FOR PRESSURE
SWITCH TO OPEN
DISPLAY ERROR
NUMBER
7
YES
COMBUSTION
FAN ON
IS
PRESSURE SWITCH
PROVEN OPEN WITHIN
NO
WAIT FOR PRESSURE
SWITCH TO OPEN
DISPLAY ERROR
5 SECONDS?
IS
PRESSURE SWITCH
PROVEN CLOSED
NO
WITHIN 11
SECONDS?
7
YES
WAIT FOR PRESSURE
SWITCH TO CLOSE
DISPLAY ERROR
NUMBER
NUMBER
6
ONE HOUR
AUTOMATIC RESTART
TIME DELAY
YES
PREPURGE
COMBUSTION FAN
OFF
IS
IGNITOR
OKAY?
NO
TURN OFF
COMBUSTION FAN,
DISPLAY ERROR CODE
NUMBER
8
YES
IGNITOR ON FOR
WARM-UP TIME
COMBUSTION
FAN OFF
GAS VALVE OPENS
DISPLAY ERROR
YES
WAIT FOR PRESSURE
SWITCH TO CLOSE
DISPLAY ERROR
COMBUSTION FAN
ON
NUMBER
MAIN
BURNER LIGHTS
AND IS SENSED
DURING TRIAL
FOR
IGNITION
TURN OFF
COMBUSTION FAN
AFTER POST-PURGE
NO
IS
PRESSURE SWITCH
PROVEN CLOSED
6
WITHIN 5
SECONDS?
YES
LESS
GAS VALVE CLOSES
NO
THAN 3 TRIES
FOR IGNITION?
INTERPURGE
NO
YES
IGNITOR TURNS OFF
IS
FLAME SENSE
LOST?
YES
NO
IS
PRESSURE SWITCH
PROVEN CLOSED
YES
LOST
GAS VALVE CLOSES
LESS THAN
TIMES?
4
NO
NO
WITHIN 5
SECONDS?
WAIT FOR PRESSURE
SWITCH TO CLOSE
DISPLAY ERROR
NUMBER
6
Please Note:
YES
NO
IS
REQUEST FOR HEAT
SATISFIED?
YES
GAS VALVE OFF
COMBUSTION FAN
OFF AFTER POSTPURGE DELAY
31
The control continually monitors
internal circuits and extern al sensors.
Error codes noted above, and those for
self-diagnostic faults can be found on
pages 30 through 32.
3
REPAIR PARTS ILLUSTRATION
3
1
4
2
5
8
When ordering repair parts always give the
following information:
1.
2.
3.
4.
9
7
6
Model, serial and product number
Type of gas
Item number
Parts description
18
19
10
20
21
11
12
Repair Parts List
Item
No.
14
Parts Description
1
Draft Hood
2
Flue Baffle
3
Nipple (Hot)
4
Nipple (Cold)
5
Anode Rod
6
Cold Water Inlet Tube
7
Temperature and Pressure Valve
8
Control Display
9
Air Intake Chamber
10
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat
11
Drain Valve
12*
Natural Gas Burner
13*
Hot Surface Igniter (HSI)
14*
Manifold Door Assembly - Natural Gas
15*
Manifold Component Block w/Retainer Clip
16*
Manifold Door Gasket
17*
Viewport Assembly
18
FV Sensor
19
Outer Door
Special anode rod (see Anode Rod/Water Odor
section)
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve is required,
but may not be factory installed
20
Electrical Transformer
Unique: FVIR System parts
21
Pressure Switch
LEGEND
*Pictured on next page.
32
Listed Parts Kits and Illustrations
Item 12:
Burner (Natural Gas)
Item 13:
Flame Sense/Hot Surface Igniter Assembly.
Item 14:
Manifold door assembly which contains the manifold tube, gasket, manifold door, two piece wire connector
with retainer clip, and flame sense/hot surface igniter assembly. (Natural Gas)
Item 15:
Contains manifold component block with retainer clip.
Item 16:
Contains manifold door gasket.
Item 17:
Contains viewport.
ITEM 13
ITEM 12
ITEM 14
ITEM 15
ITEM 17
ITEM 16
33
NOTES
34
NOTES
35
® Registered trademark/TM trademark of Whirlpool, U.S.A.
© 2010 Whirlpool Corporation. All rights reserved.
Manufactured under license by American Water Heater Company, Tennessee.
Warranty provided by manufacturer.
36