Red-D-Arc EXTREME 360 Operator`s manual

IM677-A
RED-D-ARC
LN-25 PORTABLE CV/CC
SEMIAUTOMATIC WIRE FEEDER
February, 2005
For use with machines having Code Numbers:
10731
11146
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Red-D-Arc Spec-Built Welding Equipment
This RED-D-ARC welder is built to RED-D-ARC Extreme Duty
design specifications by Lincoln Electric.
Safety Depends on You
This welder is designed and built with safety in mind.
However, your overall safety can be increased by proper installation
... and thoughtful operation on your part.
DO NOT INSTALL, OPERATE OR REPAIR THIS EQUIPMENT
WITHOUT READING THIS MANUAL AND THE SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS CONTAINED THROUGHOUT.
And, most importantly, think before you act and be careful.
1-800-245-3660
North America’s Largest Fleet of Welding Equipment
i
i
SAFETY
WARNING
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNINGS
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents
are known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm.
The Above For Diesel Engines
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
The Above For Gasoline Engines
ARC WELDING CAN BE HAZARDOUS. PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
KEEP CHILDREN AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS SHOULD CONSULT WITH THEIR DOCTOR BEFORE OPERATING.
Read and understand the following safety highlights. For additional safety information, it is strongly recommended that you purchase a copy of
“Safety in Welding & Cutting - ANSI Standard Z49.1” from the American Welding Society, P.O. Box 351040, Miami, Florida 33135 or CSA Standard
W117.2-1974. A Free copy of “Arc Welding Safety” booklet E205 is available from the Lincoln Electric Company, 22801 St. Clair Avenue, Cleveland,
Ohio 44117-1199.
BE SURE THAT ALL INSTALLATION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR PROCEDURES ARE PERFORMED ONLY BY
QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS.
FOR ENGINE
powered equipment.
1.h. To avoid scalding, do not remove the
radiator pressure cap when the engine is
hot.
1.a. Turn the engine off before troubleshooting and maintenance
work unless the maintenance work requires it to be running.
____________________________________________________
1.b. Operate engines in open, well-ventilated
areas or vent the engine exhaust fumes
outdoors.
____________________________________________________
1.c. Do not add the fuel near an open flame welding
arc or when the engine is running. Stop the
engine and allow it to cool before refueling to
prevent spilled fuel from vaporizing on contact
with hot engine parts and igniting. Do not spill
fuel when filling tank. If fuel is spilled, wipe it up
and do not start engine until fumes have been
eliminated.
____________________________________________________
1.d. Keep all equipment safety guards, covers and devices in position
and in good repair.Keep hands, hair, clothing and tools away from
V-belts, gears, fans and all other moving parts when starting,
operating or repairing equipment.
____________________________________________________
1.e. In some cases it may be necessary to remove safety
guards to perform required maintenance. Remove
guards only when necessary and replace them when the
maintenance requiring their removal is complete.
Always use the greatest care when working near moving
parts.
___________________________________________________
1.f. Do not put your hands near the engine fan. Do
not attempt to override the governor or idler by
pushing on the throttle control rods while the
engine is running.
ELECTRIC AND
MAGNETIC FIELDS
may be dangerous
2.a. Electric current flowing through any conductor causes
localized Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF). Welding
current creates EMF fields around welding cables and
welding machines
2.b. EMF fields may interfere with some pacemakers, and
welders having a pacemaker should consult their physician
before welding.
2.c. Exposure to EMF fields in welding may have other health
effects which are now not known.
2.d. All welders should use the following procedures in order to
minimize exposure to EMF fields from the welding circuit:
2.d.1. Route the electrode and work cables together - Secure
them with tape when possible.
2.d.2. Never coil the electrode lead around your body.
2.d.3. Do not place your body between the electrode and
work cables. If the electrode cable is on your right
side, the work cable should also be on your right side.
2.d.4. Connect the work cable to the workpiece as close as
possible to the area being welded.
___________________________________________________
1.g. To prevent accidentally starting gasoline engines while
turning the engine or welding generator during maintenance
work, disconnect the spark plug wires, distributor cap or
magneto wire as appropriate.
2.d.5. Do not work next to welding power source.
Mar ‘95
ii
ii
SAFETY
ARC RAYS can burn.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can
kill.
3.a. The electrode and work (or ground) circuits
are electrically “hot” when the welder is on.
Do not touch these “hot” parts with your bare
skin or wet clothing. Wear dry, hole-freegloves to insulate hands.
3.b. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulation.
Make certain the insulation is large enough to cover your
full area of physical contact with work and ground.
In addition to the normal safety precautions, if welding
must be performed under electrically hazardous
conditions (in damp locations or while wearing wet
clothing; on metal structures such as floors, gratings
or scaffolds; when in cramped positions such as sitting,
kneeling or lying, if there is a high risk of unavoidable
or accidental contact with the workpiece or ground) use
the following equipment:
• Semiautomatic DC Constant Voltage (Wire)
Welder.
• DC Manual (Stick) Welder.
• AC Welder with Reduced Voltage Control.
3.c. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the electrode,
electrode reel, welding head, nozzle or semiautomatic
welding gun are also electrically “hot”.
3.d. Always be sure the work cable makes a good electrical
connection with the metal being welded. The connection
should be as close as possible to the area being welded.
3.e. Ground the work or metal to be welded to a good electrical
(earth) ground.
3.f. Maintain the electrode holder, work clamp, welding cable
and welding machine in good, safe operating condition.
Replace damaged insulation.
4.a. Use a shield with the proper filter and cover
plates to protect your eyes from sparks and
the rays of the arc when welding or observing
open arc welding. Headshield and filter lens
should conform to ANSI Z87. I standards.
4.b. Use suitable clothing made from durable flame-resistant
material to protect your skin and that of your helpers from
the arc rays.
4.c. Protect other nearby personnel with suitable, non-flammable
screening and/or warn them not to watch the arc nor expose
themselves to the arc rays or to hot spatter or metal.
FUMES AND GASES
can be dangerous.
5.a. Welding may produce fumes and gases
hazardous to health. Avoid breathing these
fumes and gases.When welding, keep
your head out of the fume. Use enough
ventilation and/or exhaust at the arc to keep
fumes and gases away from the breathing zone. When
welding with electrodes which require special
ventilation such as stainless or hard facing (see
instructions on container or MSDS) or on lead or
cadmium plated steel and other metals or coatings
which produce highly toxic fumes, keep exposure as
low as possible and below Threshold Limit Values (TLV)
using local exhaust or mechanical ventilation. In
confined spaces or in some circumstances, outdoors, a
respirator may be required. Additional precautions are
also required when welding on galvanized steel.
5.b. Do not weld in locations near chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors
coming from degreasing, cleaning or spraying operations.
The heat and rays of the arc can react with solvent vapors to
form phosgene, a highly toxic gas, and other irritating
products.
3.g. Never dip the electrode in water for cooling.
3.h. Never simultaneously touch electrically “hot” parts of
electrode holders connected to two welders because voltage between the two can be the total of the open circuit voltage of both welders.
3.i. When working above floor level, use a safety belt to protect
yourself from a fall should you get a shock.
5.c. Shielding gases used for arc welding can displace air and
cause injury or death. Always use enough ventilation,
especially in confined areas, to insure breathing air is safe.
5.d. Read and understand the manufacturer’s instructions for this
equipment and the consumables to be used, including the
material safety data sheet (MSDS) and follow your
employer’s safety practices. MSDS forms are available from
your welding distributor or from the manufacturer.
3.j. Also see Items 6.c. and 8.
5.e. Also see item 1.b.
Mar ‘95
iii
iii
SAFETY
WELDING SPARKS can
cause fire or explosion.
6.a. Remove fire hazards from the welding area.
If this is not possible, cover them to prevent
the welding sparks from starting a fire.
Remember that welding sparks and hot
materials from welding can easily go through small cracks
and openings to adjacent areas. Avoid welding near
hydraulic lines. Have a fire extinguisher readily available.
6.b. Where compressed gases are to be used at the job site,
special precautions should be used to prevent hazardous
situations. Refer to “Safety in Welding and Cutting” (ANSI
Standard Z49.1) and the operating information for the
equipment being used.
6.c. When not welding, make certain no part of the electrode
circuit is touching the work or ground. Accidental contact can
cause overheating and create a fire hazard.
6.d. Do not heat, cut or weld tanks, drums or containers until the
proper steps have been taken to insure that such procedures
will not cause flammable or toxic vapors from substances
inside. They can cause an explosion even though they have
been “cleaned”. For information, purchase “Recommended
Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of
Containers and Piping That Have Held Hazardous
Substances”, AWS F4.1 from the American Welding Society
(see address above).
6.e. Vent hollow castings or containers before heating, cutting or
welding. They may explode.
6.f. Sparks and spatter are thrown from the welding arc. Wear oil
free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy shirt,
cuffless trousers, high shoes and a cap over your hair. Wear
ear plugs when welding out of position or in confined places.
Always wear safety glasses with side shields when in a
welding area.
6.g. Connect the work cable to the work as close to the welding
area as practical. Work cables connected to the building
framework or other locations away from the welding area
increase the possibility of the welding current passing through
lifting chains, crane cables or other alternate circuits. This can
create fire hazards or overheat lifting chains or cables until
they fail.
6.h. Also see item 1.c.
CYLINDER may explode
if damaged.
7.a. Use only compressed gas cylinders
containing the correct shielding gas for the
process used and properly operating
regulators designed for the gas and
pressure used. All hoses, fittings, etc. should be suitable for
the application and maintained in good condition.
7.b. Always keep cylinders in an upright position securely
chained to an undercarriage or fixed support.
7.c. Cylinders should be located:
• Away from areas where they may be struck or subjected to
physical damage.
• A safe distance from arc welding or cutting operations and
any other source of heat, sparks, or flame.
7.d. Never allow the electrode, electrode holder or any other
electrically “hot” parts to touch a cylinder.
7.e. Keep your head and face away from the cylinder valve outlet
when opening the cylinder valve.
7.f. Valve protection caps should always be in place and hand
tight except when the cylinder is in use or connected for
use.
7.g. Read and follow the instructions on compressed gas
cylinders, associated equipment, and CGA publication P-l,
“Precautions for Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in
Cylinders,” available from the Compressed Gas Association
1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202.
FOR ELECTRICALLY
powered equipment.
8.a. Turn off input power using the disconnect
switch at the fuse box before working on
the equipment.
8.b. Install equipment in accordance with the U.S. National
Electrical Code, all local codes and the manufacturer’s
recommendations.
8.c. Ground the equipment in accordance with the U.S. National
Electrical Code and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Mar ‘95
iv
SAFETY
iv
PRÉCAUTIONS DE SÛRETÉ
6. Eloigner les matériaux inflammables ou les recouvrir afin de
prévenir tout risque d’incendie dû aux étincelles.
Pour votre propre protection lire et observer toutes les instructions
et les précautions de sûreté specifiques qui parraissent dans ce
manuel aussi bien que les précautions de sûreté générales suivantes:
7. Quand on ne soude pas, poser la pince à une endroit isolé de
la masse. Un court-circuit accidental peut provoquer un échauffement et un risque d’incendie.
Sûreté Pour Soudage A L’Arc
1. Protegez-vous contre la secousse électrique:
a. Les circuits à l’électrode et à la piéce sont sous tension
quand la machine à souder est en marche. Eviter toujours
tout contact entre les parties sous tension et la peau nue
ou les vétements mouillés. Porter des gants secs et sans
trous pour isoler les mains.
b. Faire trés attention de bien s’isoler de la masse quand on
soude dans des endroits humides, ou sur un plancher metallique ou des grilles metalliques, principalement dans
les positions assis ou couché pour lesquelles une grande
partie du corps peut être en contact avec la masse.
c. Maintenir le porte-électrode, la pince de masse, le câble de
soudage et la machine à souder en bon et sûr état defonctionnement.
d.Ne jamais plonger le porte-électrode dans l’eau pour le
refroidir.
e. Ne jamais toucher simultanément les parties sous tension
des porte-électrodes connectés à deux machines à souder
parce que la tension entre les deux pinces peut être le total
de la tension à vide des deux machines.
f. Si on utilise la machine à souder comme une source de
courant pour soudage semi-automatique, ces precautions
pour le porte-électrode s’applicuent aussi au pistolet de
soudage.
2. Dans le cas de travail au dessus du niveau du sol, se protéger
contre les chutes dans le cas ou on recoit un choc. Ne jamais
enrouler le câble-électrode autour de n’importe quelle partie
du corps.
8. S’assurer que la masse est connectée le plus prés possible de
la zone de travail qu’il est pratique de le faire. Si on place la
masse sur la charpente de la construction ou d’autres endroits
éloignés de la zone de travail, on augmente le risque de voir
passer le courant de soudage par les chaines de levage,
câbles de grue, ou autres circuits. Cela peut provoquer des
risques d’incendie ou d’echauffement des chaines et des
câbles jusqu’à ce qu’ils se rompent.
9. Assurer une ventilation suffisante dans la zone de soudage.
Ceci est particuliérement important pour le soudage de tôles
galvanisées plombées, ou cadmiées ou tout autre métal qui
produit des fumeés toxiques.
10. Ne pas souder en présence de vapeurs de chlore provenant
d’opérations de dégraissage, nettoyage ou pistolage. La
chaleur ou les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir avec les vapeurs
du solvant pour produire du phosgéne (gas fortement toxique)
ou autres produits irritants.
11. Pour obtenir de plus amples renseignements sur la sûreté, voir
le code “Code for safety in welding and cutting” CSA Standard
W 117.2-1974.
PRÉCAUTIONS DE SÛRETÉ POUR
LES MACHINES À SOUDER À
TRANSFORMATEUR ET À
REDRESSEUR
3. Un coup d’arc peut être plus sévère qu’un coup de soliel, donc:
a. Utiliser un bon masque avec un verre filtrant approprié ainsi
qu’un verre blanc afin de se protéger les yeux du rayonnement de l’arc et des projections quand on soude ou
quand on regarde l’arc.
b. Porter des vêtements convenables afin de protéger la peau
de soudeur et des aides contre le rayonnement de l‘arc.
c. Protéger l’autre personnel travaillant à proximité au
soudage à l’aide d’écrans appropriés et non-inflammables.
4. Des gouttes de laitier en fusion sont émises de l’arc de
soudage. Se protéger avec des vêtements de protection libres
de l’huile, tels que les gants en cuir, chemise épaisse, pantalons sans revers, et chaussures montantes.
1. Relier à la terre le chassis du poste conformement au code de
l’électricité et aux recommendations du fabricant. Le dispositif
de montage ou la piece à souder doit être branché à une bonne
mise à la terre.
2. Autant que possible, I’installation et l’entretien du poste seront
effectués par un électricien qualifié.
3. Avant de faires des travaux à l’interieur de poste, la debrancher
à l’interrupteur à la boite de fusibles.
4. Garder tous les couvercles et dispositifs de sûreté à leur place.
5. Toujours porter des lunettes de sécurité dans la zone de
soudage. Utiliser des lunettes avec écrans lateraux dans les
zones où l’on pique le laitier.
Mar. ‘93
v
v
Thank You
for selecting a QUALITY product. We want you to take pride in
operating this product ••• as much pride as we have in bringing this product to you!
Please Examine Carton and Equipment For Damage Immediately
When this equipment is shipped, title passes to the purchaser upon receipt by the carrier. Consequently,
Claims for material damaged in shipment must be made by the purchaser against the transportation company
at the time the shipment is received.
Please record your equipment identification information below for future reference. This information can be
found on your machine nameplate.
Product _________________________________________________________________________________
Model Number ___________________________________________________________________________
Code Number or Date Code_________________________________________________________________
Serial Number____________________________________________________________________________
Date Purchased___________________________________________________________________________
Where Purchased_________________________________________________________________________
Whenever you request replacement parts or information on this equipment, always supply the information you
have recorded above. The code number is especially important when identifying the correct replacement parts.
On-Line Product Registration
- Register your machine with Lincoln Electric either via fax or over the Internet.
• For faxing: Complete the form on the back of the warranty statement included in the literature packet
accompanying this machine and fax the form per the instructions printed on it.
• For On-Line Registration: Go to our WEB SITE at www.lincolnelectric.com. Choose “Quick Links” and then
“Product Registration”. Please complete the form and submit your registration.
Read this Operators Manual completely before attempting to use this equipment. Save this manual and
keep it handy for quick reference. Pay particular attention to the safety instructions we have provided for
your protection. The level of seriousness to be applied to each is explained below:
WARNING
This statement appears where the information must be followed exactly to avoid serious personal injury
or loss of life.
CAUTION
This statement appears where the information must be followed to avoid minor personal injury or damage to this equipment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY ...............................................................................................................................................i-iv
INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................................SECTION A
Technical Specifications.....................................................................................................................A-1
Safety Precautions .............................................................................................................................A-2
Power Source Connections ................................................................................................................A-2
Gun Cable Connection to Feeder ......................................................................................................A-3
Weld Cable Connection......................................................................................................................A-4
Electrode Cable Connection ..........................................................................................................A-4
Work Cable Connection .................................................................................................................A-4
Wire Feed Drive Roll and Guide Tube Kits ........................................................................................A-4
OPERATION ............................................................................................................................SECTION B
Safety Precautions .............................................................................................................................B-1
General Description............................................................................................................................B-1
Recommended Processes and Equipment ........................................................................................B-1
Welding Capability .............................................................................................................................B-1
Controls and Settings.........................................................................................................................B-2
Sequence of Operation ......................................................................................................................B-4
Loading Electrode ..........................................................................................................................B-4
Loading Wire Drive ........................................................................................................................B-5
Idle Roll Pressure Setting ..............................................................................................................B-5
Presetting Wire Feed Speed ..........................................................................................................B-6
Making a Weld ...............................................................................................................................B-7
Procedure at End of Coil....................................................................................................................B-8
Automatic Protection Shutdown .........................................................................................................B-9
ACCESSORIES........................................................................................................................SECTION C
LN-25 Option Chart............................................................................................................................C-1
Options and Accessories ...................................................................................................................C-1
K430-2 Gas Solenoid Kit ...............................................................................................................C-1
K443-2 LN-25 Contactor Kit...........................................................................................................C-1
K557-1 Rear Handle Kit.................................................................................................................C-1
Gun Cable Connector Requirements .............................................................................................C-2
MAINTENANCE .......................................................................................................................SECTION D
Safety Precautions .............................................................................................................................D-1
Routine Maintenance .........................................................................................................................D-1
Circuit Protection and Automatic Shutdown .......................................................................................D-1
Adjusting Speed Sensor Module........................................................................................................D-1
Calibration of the LN-25 Wire Speed Dial ..........................................................................................D-2
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE .................................................................................................SECTION E
How to Use the Troubleshooting Guide .............................................................................................E-1
Troubleshooting Guide .......................................................................................................................E-2
WIRING DIAGRAM ..........................................................................................................SECTION F1,F-2
PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS ......................................................................................................SECTION F3
PARTS MANUAL ..................................................................................................................P374 SERIES
INSTALLATION
A-1
A-1
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS – LN-25
OPERATING
ARC VOLTAGE
VOLTAGE
Constant Voltage (CV)
or
Constant Current (CC)
15-40 VDC (110VDC Maximum OCV)
RATED C
CURRENT
RATED
URRENT
Rated current without contactor
500 Amps 60% Duty Cycle
Rated current with contactor
300 Amps 60% Duty Cycle
WIRE SPEED
WIRE
F EED RANGE
S PEED
50 – 700 Inches Per Minute (IPM)
RECOMMENDED
WIRE SIZES
WIRE ELECTRODE
D IAMETERS
⁄16”
.045” to ⁄64”
.035” to 1⁄16”
.023” to
1
SOLID STEEL WIRE
5
CORED WIRE
ALUMINUM WIRE
PHYSICAL D
DIMENSIONS
PHYSICAL
IMENSIONS
HEIGHT
(Handle Down)
WIDTH
DEPTH
WEIGHT
w/o Options
14 Inches
(354 mm)
7.4 Inches
(187 mm)
21 Inches
(531 mm)
28 lbs
(13 kg)
TEMPERATURE RANGE
OPERATION:
- 40o C to +40o C (- 40o F to +104o F)
STORAGE:
- 40o C to +85o C (- 40o F to +185o F)
ENVIRONMENTAL R ATING
IP23
(IEC529)
LN-25
INSTALLATION
A-2
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not operate with covers
removed.
• Do not touch metal portions
of the LN-25 lead clip when
welding power source is on.
• Unless an optional output control or contactor
is used with the LN-25, the electrode circuit
(including welding wire, wire drive and welding
gun) is electrically hot when the welding power
source is on. The gun trigger controls wire feed
only.
• Disconnect or shut off welding power source
before making connections or installations to the
LN-25.
• Welding gun should be stored in the
insulated gun holder, located near the rear on
the top of the LN-25 case, to avoid accidental
arcing.
• The LN-25 should be positioned upright on a
horizontal surface.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
POWER SOURCE CONNECTION
The LN-25 can be used with most DC welding power
source. A constant voltage power source is
recommended; however, the LN-25 can also be used
with a constant current power source as long as the
open circuit voltage is less than 110V DC.
CAUTION
Do not use LN-25 models below Code 9200 with
any TIG or Square Wave welding power sources.
Do not use LN-25 models equipped with internal
contactors with non- Lincoln TIG or Square Wave
welding power sources. Damage to the LN-25
circuit can occur as a result of the high output
inductance typically associated with these power
sources. TIG high frequency power should never be
applied to the LN-25.
If not using an LN-25 Remote Output Control
option (See Remote Output Control Options and
Cable Assemblies Section), the power source
output must be electrically “hot” at all times when
the power source is turned on.
---------------------------------------------------------------------See the power source instruction manual for proper
power source connections and setting required.
A-2
• Turn off power source before
installing or servicing.
• Do not touch electrically
hot parts.
• Turn the input power to the
welding power source off at the
fuse box before working on the
terminal strip.
• Only qualified personnel should
install, use or service this
equipment.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
DC-250
a. Connect a jumper from 2 to 4 on the power source
terminal strip so the output will be energized when
the DC-250 is turned on.
b. Connect electrode cable to the “Innershield/ GMAW”
output terminal of polarity required by electrode.
Connect work lead to other “Innershield/GMAW”
output terminal.
c. Place “Set to CV Electrode Cable Polarity” switch
at appropriate position.
d. Place power source toggle switch in “Output
Control at DC-250” position, unless a Remote
Control is connected to 75, 76 and 77 on the DC250 terminal strip.
e. Place mode switch in “Innershield GMAW (CV)”
position. Set CV arc control to “2” (or “NORMAL”
on some machines). Initially set the output control
on “7”.
DC-400 AND CV-400
a. Connect a jumper from 2 to 4 on the power source
terminal strip so the output will be energized when
the power source is turned on.
NOTE: DC-400 machines above Code 9200 have an
output toggle switch to perform this function.
b. Connect the electrode cable to the output terminal
of polarity required by electrode. Connect work
lead to other output terminal.
LN-25
A-3
INSTALLATION
A-3
c. Place “Set to Same Polarity As Electrode Cable
Connection” switch at appropriate position.
c. Set ELECTRODE POLARITY switch to constant
voltage polarity required by electrode.
d. Place power source toggle switch in “Output
Control at DC(CV) -400” position, unless a remote
control is connected to 75, 76 and 77 on the
power source terminal strip.
d. Set toggle switch to “Constant Voltage” and set
the Constant Voltage Control on welder and the
portable field control on #5 for initial start.
e. If power source has a mode switch, set switch to
Constant Voltage Innershield. Initially set the
output control on “6”.
DC-600
a. Connect a jumper from 2 to 4 on the power source
terminal strip so the output will be energized when
the DC-600 is turned on. (For DC-600 below Code
8200, also jumper N to S.)
b. Connect the electrode cable to the output terminal
of polarity required by electrode. Connect work
lead to other output terminal.
c. Place “Set to Same Polarity As Electrode Cable
Connection” switch at appropriate position.
d. Place power source toggle switch in “Output
Control at DC-600” position, unless a remote
control is connected to 75, 76 and 77 on the DC600 terminal strip.
e. Set mode switch to Constant Voltage Innershield.
Initially set output control on “4”.
R3S-325
SA-200, —250 OR SAE-300, —400 (WITH
CV ADAPTER)
a. For electrode negative welding, connect the
electrode lead from the LN-25 to the output
terminal on the CV Adapter, and the work lead to
the power source output terminal labeled
“POSITIVE”. For electrode positive welding,
interchange the above lead connections so the
LN-25 electrode lead is then connected to the
positive power source terminal.
b. Place both switches on the CV Adapter to the CV
INNERSHIELD position and make appropriate
power source settings per the CV Adapter instructions provided for the power source being used.
c. The output voltage is set with the voltage control
on the CV Adapter.
NOTE: Refer to the Instruction Manual provided with
the machine for details on connection and operation
of the LN-25 with the power source.
INVERTEC, CV300 AND OTHER NEWER
LINCOLN POWER SOURCES
a. Connect a jumper from 4 to 32 on the power
source terminal strip so that the output will be
energized when the R3S-325 is turned on.
Refer to the instruction manual provided with the
power source for details on connection and operation
of the LN-25 with these newer machines.
b. Connect the electrode cable to the output terminal
of polarity required by electrode. Connect work
lead to other output terminal.
GUN CABLE CONNECTION
TO FEEDER
c. Set power source per its instruction manual.
NOTE: Use of the optional Line Voltage
Compensator available for the R3S-325 is
recommended if input line voltage variation
exceeds ±3%.
SAM-400, —650
a. Connect a jumper from 2 to C4 on the power
source terminal strip so the output will be
energized when the SAM power source is on.
b. Connect work lead to WORK stud. Connect
electrode to AUTO EQUIPMENT stud. Connect
SAM-650 “Tap” lead to the Innershield stud
desired.
Lay the cable out straight. Insert the connector on the
welding conductor cable into the brass conductor block
on the front of the wire drive unit. Make sure it is all the
way in and tighten the hand wheel clamp. Keep this
connection clean and bright. Connect the control cable
polarized amphenol plug into the mating 5-cavity
receptacle on the front panel of the wire feeder case.
FOR GMA GUN AND CABLES:
Requires installation of K430-1 Gas Solenoid Kit
(factory installed on K446 and K449 models).
See K430-1 Gas Solenoid Kit Section (in Accessories
Section) for gas solenoid operation and gas supply
connection.
LN-25
INSTALLATION
A-4
Install the barbed fitting and union nut to the 5⁄8-18
female inert gas fitting on the front panel of the LN25 case. Connect the 3⁄16” I.D. gas hose from the gun
cable to the barbed fitting.
When the gun is to be removed, this fitting can be
easily detached by loosening the union nut.
WELD CABLE CONNECTION
A-4
WIRE FEED DRIVE ROLL AND
GUIDE TUBE KITS
WARNING
Turn off welding power source before installing
or changing drive roll and/or guide tubes.
--------------------------------------------------------------------
The size of the electrode cable and work cable must
be sufficient for the maximum weld current and total
cable length to be used. Refer to table A.1.
TABLE A.1
Weld Current
60% Duty Cycle
200Amps
300Amps
400Amps
500Amps
Total Cable Length
50’-100’ 100’-150’ 150’-200’ 200’-250’
2 AWG
1 AWG
2/0
2/0
2 AWG
1 AWG
2/0
3/0
1 AWG
1/0
3/0
3/0
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
NOTE: The maximum wire sizes the LN-25 will
satisfactorily feed are 5⁄64” cored and 1⁄16” solid
electrodes.
The electrode sizes that can be fed with each roll and
guide tube are stencilled(1) on each part. Check the kit
for proper components. See the instructions, included
with the drive roll kit, to install these parts on new
machines or replace them on used machines. Refer
to table A.2.
TABLE A.2
ELECTRODE CABLE CONNECTION
Kit
Route the electrode cable through the oval hole in the
lower portion of the LN-25 rear panel. Connect the
electrode cable to the LN-25 input stud using the 1⁄2”
nut provided.
Steel Wire Sizes:
.068-5⁄64 Cored
1
⁄16 (.062) Cored or Solid
Steel
(Can also be used for .052)
.045 and .052 Solid Steel
.045 and .052 Cored
.035 Solid Steel
.035 Cored
.030 Solid Steel
.025 Solid Steel
Secure the cable with the strain relief clamp provided.
All units are supplied with an optional pigtail for
customers that prefer to make a taped and bolted
connection externally.
WORK CABLE CONNECTION
Connect a work lead of sufficient size between the
proper output stud on the power source and the
work. Be sure the connection to the work makes
t i g h t m e t a l - t o - m e t a l e l e c t r i c a l c o n t a c t . Poor
work lead connections can result in poor welding
performance.
Aluminum Wire Sizes:
1
⁄16
3
⁄64
.035
KP653-3⁄32
-1⁄16
Instructions
L9932
-.052
-.052C
-.035S
-.035C
-.030S
-.025S
KP654-1⁄16A
-3⁄64A
-.035A
L9932
Drive rolls for only cored electrode sizes are stencilled with a
“C” suffix to the wire sizes.
(1)
Drive rolls for only solid electrode sizes are stencilled with an
“S” suffix to the wire sizes.
Drive rolls for aluminum wire sizes are stencilled with an “A” suffix
to the wire sizes.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-1
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
READ AND UNDERSTAND ENTIRE SECTION
BEFORE OPERATING MACHINE
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not touch electrically live
part or electrode with skin or
wet clothing.
• Insulate yourself from work
and ground.
• Always wear dry insulating
gloves.
FUMES AND GASSES can be
dangerous.
• Keep your head out of fumes.
• Use enough ventilation or
exhaust at the arc, or both, to
remove fumes from your
breathing zone and general
area.
WELDING SPARKS can cause
fire or explosion.
• Keep flammable material
away.
• Do not weld on containers
which have held flammable
material.
ARC RAYS can burn.
• Wear eye, ear and body protection.
B-1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The LN-25 is a lightweight portable semiautomatic
wire feeder designed for “across-the-arc” operation
without a control cable on most any DC welding power
source. Simply connect the LN-25 to the electrode
cable, clip it to Work and it is ready to weld, using up
to 30 lb. coils or spools.
The wire drive, controls and wire reel are fully
enclosed in a rugged molded plastic case providing a
compact and versatile welding package ideally suited
to “on-the-go” field welding applications in virtually any
environment.
RECOMMENDED PROCESSES
AND EQUIPMENT
When combined with the quality drive roll kits and
accessories available for use with the LN-25, a
versatile portable welding system can be provided to
meet the specific needs of Innershield, submerged arc
or gas metal arc welding applications within the wire
feed capabilities of the LN-25.
The LN-25 provides constant wire feed speed for use
with constant voltage (CV) power sources, and arcsensing wire feed speed for use with constant current
(CC) (formerly variable voltage) power sources. Wire
speed is presettable on a dual-range calibrated dial.
The power sources recommended for use with the LN25 include the DC-250, -400, -600, CV-400 and R3S
type transformer machines, and the SAM-400, -650
engine welders, as well as the SA-200, -250 or SAE300, -400 with CV Adapter and Pulse Power 500 with
K460-1 LN-25 Kit.
WELDING CAPABILITY
The LN-25 will handle up to 500 Amp 60% duty cycle
welding currents. However, when equipped with a
K443-2 Contactor, the LN-25 will handle up to 300
Amp 60% duty cycle.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-2
LN-25 INSTRUMENTS AND
CONTROLS
Refer to Figure B.1 for control locations.
REMOTE
ARC VOLTAGE
CONTROL
(OPTIONAL)
B-2
NOTE:
1. The Voltmeter will read zero if the LN-25 work clip
lead is not connected to work, even if the electrode is electrically “hot” to work.
2. The Voltmeter will read below zero if the LN-25
polarity switch is not set to the same polarity as
the electrode.
WIRE SPEED
DIAL RANGE
SWITCH
WIRE
SPEED
DIAL
3. The Voltmeter will read power source open circuit
voltage when the gun trigger is open, even if the
LN-25 is equipped with the internal contactor.
“ELECTRODE POLARITY” SWITCH
GAS POST/
PRE FLOW
TIMERS
(OPTIONAL)
ELECTRODE
POLARITY
SWITCH
GAS
FITTING
(OPTIONAL)
GUN
TRIGGER
AMPHENOL
CONNECTOR
VOLT
METER
WORK CLIP
LEAD
GUN
CONNECTION
BLOCK
The polarity switch is located on the front panel of the
LN-25 case.
Set the switch to the same polarity as the electrode
lead connection to the power source. If the switch is
not set for the correct polarity, the wire feeder will not
operate.
WIRE FEED MODE SWITCH
The CV-VV (CC) Wire Feed Mode switch is located
inside the LN-25 case. The toggle switch extends from
beneath the control box just above the wire drive.
The forward “CV” position provides constant wire feed
speed mode for use with constant voltage (CV)
welding power sources.
OPTIONAL
GAS INPUT
FITTING
The backward “VV (CC)” position provides arc-sensing
wire feed speed mode for use with constant current
(formerly variable voltage) welding power sources.
WIRE SPEED DIAL AND RANGE SWITCH
GAS PURGE
BUTTON
ELECTRODE
CABLE
FIGURE B.1 CONTROL LOCATIONS
VOLTMETER
The Wire Speed control dial on the front panel of the
LN-25 has two calibrated dial ranges selected by the
HI-LO Dial Range switch.
When switched to the LO range position, the constant
wire feed speed (CV Wire Feed Mode) is set on the
inside (white) dial range calibrated for 50 to 350
in/min.
When switched to the HI range position, the constant
wire feed speed (CV Wire Feed Mode) is set on the
outside (black) dial range calibrated for 50 to
700 in/min.
(Factory installed on model Codes above 9218)
The 40V DC analog voltmeter is mounted to the front
control panel of the LN-25 and is connected to read
the arc voltage between the LN-25 electrode cable
connection and the work clip lead.
The volts marks around the HI range calibrated dial
indicate the minimum arc volts required to obtain the
indicated HI range wire feed speeds. For example; if
wire speed is set to 400 in/min., a welding procedure
arc voltage of at least 17V would be required to obtain
the 400 in/min. wire feed speed.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-3
WORK CLIP LEAD
B-3
AWG
#14
#12
#10
#6
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not touch metal portions of the LN-25 lead
clip when welding power
source is on.
Maximum Length
25 Ft(7.6m)
50 Ft(15.2m)
100 Ft(30.5m)
200 Ft(61m)
GAS FITTING (OPTIONAL)
Provides gas output connection to the welding gun for
the GMAW process. Refer to K430-2 Gas Solenoid Kit
in the Accessories Section.
IMPORTANT SAFETY NOTE: To avoid possible
electrical shock, do not touch the metal portions of
the LN-25 work lead clip if the power source output is
on. The clip will be electrically “HOT” to work if the
input electrode cable to the LN-25 is electrically “HOT”
even if the gun trigger is off and even if an internal
contactor is used. Care should be taken to only handle
the LN-25 work clip by its non-metal insulated portions
and/or the welding power source should be turned off
before handling the work clip.
The 15 ft. (4.6m) work clip lead attached to the front
panel of the LN-25 case must be connected directly
to the work using the spring clip on the end of the lead.
If not connected, the LN-25 will not operate even if a
K431-1 or K624-1 (42V) Remote Output Control option
(refer to Accessories Section) is used. However, the
electrode will still be electrically “HOT” when the clip
lead is disconnected, if K431-1 or K624-1 (42V)
Remote Output Control Option, or Internal Contactor
(K443-2), is not used.
When used with a K460-1 Pulse Power Adapter Kit,
the LN-25 does not need a clip lead.
NOTE: The clip lead also serves as a work sensing
lead for the LN-25 Voltmeter (if installed). If the clip
lead is extended by the user beyond the standard 15
ft. length, the voltmeter reading will be lower than the
actual arc volts due to the LN-25 motor control current flowing through the resistance of the extended
lead. To minimize this voltmeter error, the following
minimum lead size is recommended for the maximum
extended lengths shown:
LN-25
OPERATION
B-4
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
LOADING ELECTRODE
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Unless an optional output
control or internal contactor is used with the LN-25,
the electrode circuit is
electrically “Hot” when
the power source is on.
• Turn off the Welding
power
source
while
mounting electrode coils.
MOUNTING 22 TO 30 LB READI-REEL® COILS
The LN-25 will require an optional K363-P ReadiReel® Adapter which is required to load Lincoln 22 to
30 lb Readi-Reel coils.
a. Make certain that the threaded locking collar is
tight and securely locks the adapter on the
spindle (see figure B.2).
b. Rotate the spindle and adapter so the retaining
spring is at the 12 o’clock position.
c. Position the Readi-Reel so that it will rotate in a
clockwise direction when feeding (wire is to be
dereeled from bottom of the coil).
d. Set one of the Readi-Reel inside cage wires on
the slot in the retaining spring tab.
e. Lower the Readi-Reel to depress the retaining
spring and align the other inside cage wires with
the grooves in the molded adapter.
f. Slide cage all the way onto the adapter until the
retaining spring “pops up” fully.
B-4
g. To remove Readi-Reel from Adapter, depress retaining spring tab with thumb while pulling the
Readi-Reel cage from the molded adapter with
both hands. It is not necessary to remove
adapter from spindle.
h. Load wire into wire drive per Loading Wire Drive
Section.
MOUNTING 10 TO 30 LB SPOOLS
For 12” Diameter Spools:
a. Remove the locking collar and the Readi-Reel
adapter (if so equipped) on the 2” diameter
spindle (adapter is not required).
b. Place the spool on the spindle so the brake
holding pin enters one of the holes in the back
side of the spool. Be sure the wire comes off the
spool in a clockwise direction when dereeled
from the bottom of the coil.
c. Replace and tighten the locking collar.
d. See Loading Wire Drive section for loading
instructions.
For 8” Diameter Spools (Requires optional K468
Spindle Adapter for 8” Spools):
a. Remove the locking collar and the Readi-Reel
adapter (if so equipped) on the 2” diameter
spindle (adapter is not required).
b. Slide S18221 Spindle Adapter onto the 2”
spindle so the brake holding pin enters the
adapter pin hole.
c. Place the spool on the spindle so the adapter tab
enters one of the holes in the back side of the
spool. Be sure the wire comes off the spool in a
clockwise direction when dereeled from the
bottom of the coil.
d. Replace and tighten the Locking Collar.
e. Load wire into wire drive per Loading Wire Drive
Section.
CAUTION
Check to be sure the retaining spring has fully
returned to the locking position and has securely
locked the Readi-Reel cage in place. Retaining
spring must rest on the cage, not the welding
electrode.
--------------------------------------------------------------------
MOUNTING 13 OR 14 LB INNERSHIELD COILS
(Requires Optional K435 Spindle Adapter for 14 lb
Coils.)
a. Remove the locking collar and the Readi-Reel
adapter (if so equipped) on the 2” diameter
spindle (adapter is not required).
b. Mount K435 Spindle Adapter and Innershield coil
per the Instructions (S18256) included with the
K435.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-5
B-5
FIGURE B.2 READI-REEL INSTALLATION
MOLDED ADAPTER
2" O.D. SPINDLE
RETAINING SPRING
BRAKE HOLDING PIN
(MUST ENGAGE HOLE IN
ADAPTER RIB)
GROOVES
READI-REEL
INSIDE CAGE WIRES
LOADING WIRE DRIVE
a. Turn the reel or spool until the free end of the
electrode is accessible.
b. While tightly holding the electrode, cut off the
bent end and straighten the first six inches. Cut
off the first inch. (If the electrode is not properly
straightened, it may not feed or may not go into
the outgoing guide tube causing a “bird nest”.)
c. Insert the free end through the incoming guide
tube to the drive roll.
d. Turn on the welding power source.
WARNING
• Unless an optional output control or internal
contactor is used with the LN-25, the electrode
circuit is electrically “hot” when the power
source is on.
• When inching with gun trigger, the electrode
and drive mechanism are always “hot” to work
and ground. Use the “cold” inch switch on
models with internal contactor.
-------------------------------------------------------------------e. Press the gun trigger and push the electrode
until it just enters the drive roll.
THREAD LOCKING COLLAR
f. Inch the electrode through the gun.
g. Adjust the brake tension with the thumbscrew on
the spindle hub until the reel turns freely, but
with little or no overrun when wire feeding is
stopped. Do not over tighten.
CAUTION
Keep gun in LN-25 gun holder when not feeding
wire to prevent accidental arcing.
--------------------------------------------------------------------
IDLE ROLL PRESSURE SETTING
The idle roll pressure is set at the factory backed out
two turns from full pressure. This is an approximate
setting. For small wire sizes and aluminum wire, the
optimum idle roll pressure varies with type of wire,
surface condition, lubrication and hardness. The optimum idle roll setting can be determined as follows:
1. Press end of gun against a solid object that is
electrically isolated from the welder output.
Press the gun trigger for several seconds.
2. If the wire “bird nests,” jams or breaks at the
drive roll, the idle roll pressure is too great. Back
the pressure setting out 1⁄2 turn, run new wire
through gun, and repeat above steps.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-6
B-6
3. If the only result is drive roll slippage, shut off
the power source, then loosen the gun cable
clamping screw in the gearbox conductor block
and pull the gun cable forward about six inches.
There should be a slight waviness in the
exposed wire. If there is no waviness, the
pressure is too low. Increase the pressure
setting 1⁄4 turn, lock the gun cable in place and
repeat the above steps.
PRESETTING WIRE FEED SPEED
The LN-25 permits accurate presetting of the desired
wire feed speed, before welding, in both CV and CC
wire feed modes.
SETTING CONSTANT WIRE FEED SPEED
(CV MODE)
a. Set Wire Feed Mode switch to CV position.
b. Set Dial Range switch to LO position for wire
feed speeds up to 350 in/min., or HI position for
wire feed speeds over 350 in/min.
FIGURE B.3 CC WIRE SPEED SETTING
c. Set Wire Feed dial to the desired wire feed
speed on the selected calibrated dial range.
The wire speed will remain constant at the value set,
independent of arc voltage changes, as long as the
arc voltage does not drop below the value per the
chart below for the max. wire feed speed shown:
Maximum Speed
350
400
500
600
700
IPM
IPM
IPM
IPM
IPM
Minimum Arc Volts
15V
17V
21V
24V
27V
SETTING ARC SENSING WIRE FEED SPEED
(VV [CC] MODE)
(Hl or LO Range)
b. Referring to the graph located above the Mode
switch (also shown in Figure B.3):
1. Select the horizontal line representing the DESIRED IN/MIN. for the welding procedure.
(See example arrow line for 375 in/min.)
2. Select the diagonal line representing the ARC
VOLTS to be used for the welding procedure.
(See example arrow line for 29 volts.)
3. Determine the vertical line representing the
CC WIRE SPEED SETTING where the above
two lines cross. (See example arrow line for
450.)
c. Set the Wire Speed dial to the value determined
in Step (3) above (450 for example used). Use
HI Dial Range if value to be set is over 350.
When using a constant current (formerly variable
voltage) power source, welding performance is improved using arc sensing wire feed speed (VV [CC]
mode). In this wire feed mode the wire speed
increases if arc voltage increases, and decreases if
arc voltage decreases, but remains constant at any
specific voltage level.
The wire will feed at the DESIRED IN/MIN speed
when the welding power source is set to the arc
voltage to be used for the weld procedure (375
in/min. at 29V for example used).
The LN-25 permits accurate VV (CC) mode
presetting of the desired wire feed speed, for the
desired arc voltage to be used, by setting the Wire
Speed dial in the following manner before welding:
A chart representation of the VV (CC) wire speed
setting graph is shown in Figure B.4, giving the Wire
Speed dial setting required for the DESIRED IN/MIN
and ARC VOLTS used for the welding procedures:
a. Set Wire Feed Mode switch to VV (CC) position.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-7
B-7
MAKING A WELD
Arc Volts Used
Desired
In/Min
SETUP
16
18
50
60
70
80
90
109
131
153
175
197
100
110
120
130
140
30
32
34
97
117
136
156
175
88 80 73 67 63 58
105 95 88 81 75 70
123 111 102 94 88 82
140 127 117 108 100 93
158 143 131 121 113 105
55
66
77
88
98
51
62
72
82
93
219
241
263
284
306
194
214
233
253
272
175
193
210
228
245
159
175
191
207
223
146
160
175
190
204
135
148
162
175
188
125
138
150
163
175
117
128
140
152
163
109
120
131
142
153
103
113
124
134
144
150
160
170
180
190
328
350
372
394
416
292
311
331
350
369
263
280
298
315
333
239
255
270
286
302
219
233
248
263
277
202
215
229
242
256
188
200
213
225
238
175
187
198
210
222
164
175
186
197
208
154
165
175
185
196
200
210
220
230
240
438
459
481
503
525
389
408
428
447
467
350
368
385
403
420
318
334
350
366
382
292
306
321
335
350
269
283
296
310
323
250
263
275
288
300
233
245
257
268
280
219
230
241
252
263
206
216
226
237
247
250
260
270
280
290
547
569
591
613
634
486
506
525
544
564
438
455
473
490
508
398
414
430
445
461
365
379
394
408
423
337
350
365
377
390
313
325
338
350
363
292
303
315
327
338
273
284
295
306
317
257
268
278
288
299
300
310
320
330
340
656 583 525 477
678 603 543 493
700 622 560 509
642 578 525
661 595 541
438
452
467
481
496
404
417
431
444
458
375
388
400
413
425
350
362
373
385
397
328
339
350
361
372
309
319
329
340
350
350
360
380
400
420
681 613 557
700 630 572
666 604
700 636
668
510
526
554
584
612
471
484
512
538
566
438
450
472
500
526
408
420
444
466
490
383
394
416
438
460
360
370
392
412
432
700 642 592 550 514
670 620 576 536
700 646 600 560
674 626 584
482
504
526
546
452
472
494
514
440
460
480
500
20
22
24
26
28
520
540
560
580
600
700 650 606 568 536
676 630 590 556
700 654 612 576
676 634 598
700 656 618
620
640
660
680
700
678 638
700 658
680
700
VV (CC) Speed Setting = Desired IPM X 35
Arc Volts
FIGURE B.4
VV(CC) WIRE SPEED SETTING
a. Connect work cable to metal to be welded. Work
cable must make good electrical contact to the
work. The work must also be grounded as stated
in “Arc Welding Safety Precautions.”
b. Check that the LN-25 is properly connected to
the power source for the polarity and process to
be used, and appropriate power source settings
are made for the procedure to be used. (Refer to
power source operating and connection
instructions.)
NOTE: If the K431-1 Remote Output Control Kit or
K624-1 42V Remote Control Module is installed but
the LN-25 is to be used without the K432 Remote
Control Cable Assembly, then the Remote Board
harness plug must be removed from the 16-pin
receptacle on the Control Board and the jumper plug
(T13498-21) reinstalled.
NOTE: If the K460-1 Pulse Power Adapter Kit is
installed but the LN-25 is to be used without the K461
Pulse Power Control Cable Assembly, then the
instructions for returning the unit to across the arc
operation included with the Installation Instructions
(L9636) must be followed.
c. Place the LN-25 conveniently near the work area
in a location to minimize exposure to weld spatter
and to avoid sharp bends in the gun cable.
d. Connect the LN-25 Clip Lead to work and set Polarity Switch to same polarity as electrode.
e. Set WIRE FEED MODE switch to CV or CC, as
appropriate for the power source, then set the
proper DIAL RANGE and WIRE SPEED dial setting for the proper wire feed speed per the
welding procedure:
For CV: Set dial to the calibrated IN/MIN
desired. (Refer to Setting Constant Wire Feed
Speed Section.)
For CC: Set dial to value determined from the
CC Wire Speed Graph for the DESIRED IN/
MIN and ARC VOLTS to be used. (Refer to
Setting Arc Sensing Wire Feed Speed
Section.
NOTE: If procedure permits a range of acceptable
arc voltage, use the middle of the range to
determine proper WIRE SPEED setting.
f. If using the optional Gas Flow Timer, set the desired PREFLOW TIME and POSTFLOW TIME.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-8
g. Be sure the proper contact tip for the wire size
being used is in the gun, and the gun is safe
from work contact. (Use the LN-25 insulated
gun holder.)
h. Turn on the welding power source, as well as the
shielding gas supply (if used).
WARNING
• Unless an optional output control or
internal contactor is used, the
electrode is electrically “hot” when the
power source is on. The gun trigger
controls wire feed only.
WARNING
CYLINDER may explode if
damaged.
• Keep cylinder upright and
chained to support.
• Keep cylinder away from
areas where it may be damaged.
• Never lift welder with cylinder attached
• Never allow welding electrode to touch cylinder.
• Keep cylinder away from
welding or other live electrical circuits.
B-8
c. Lower welding helmet, close gun trigger, and
begin welding. Hold the gun so the contact tip to
work distance gives the correct electrical stick
out as required for the procedure being used.
NOTE: If the arc voltage is not within the proper
procedure range adjust the power source output
control. (The CC mode WIRE SPEED setting should
not be changed from the preset procedure value for
the proper arc voltage.)
d. To stop welding, release the gun trigger and
then pull the gun away from the work. Store the
gun in the LN-25 insulated gun holder when
not welding.
PROCEDURE AT END OF COIL
When the wire on the reel is used up, the following
procedure is to be followed for removing the old wire
from the gun cable and loading a new reel.
a. Shut off power source if a Remote Output
Control Option or internal contactor is not used.
b. Cut the end of the electrode off at the gun end.
Do not break it off by hand since this puts a slight
bend in the wire and makes it difficult or
impossible to pull it back through the nozzle.
c. U n c o u p l e t h e g u n c o n d u c t o r c a b l e f r o m
the LN-25.
d. Lay the cable out straight.
e. Using pliers to grip the wire, pull it out of the
cable from the connector end. Do not pull it from
the gun end.
f. Put the conductor cable back on wire drive unit
after the electrode has been removed.
WELDING
WARNING
ARC RAYS can burn.
• Do not touch metal portions of the LN-25 lead
Clip when welding power
source is on.
a. Cut the electrode within approximately 3⁄8” of the
end of the contact tip for solid wire and within
approximately 3⁄4” of the extension guide for cored
wire.
g. Load a new coil of wire and feed it through the
cable as described in Loading Electrode Section.
OPEN ARC WELDING WITH A
CONSTANT CURRENT POWER
SOURCE
WARNING
The LN-25 should be used with a constant current
machine only upon non-critical weldments and after
testing is done to assure quality is adequate for the
application.
b. Position electrode over joint. End of electrode
should be slightly off the work.
LN-25
OPERATION
B-9
CAUTION
Do not use LN-25 models below Code 9200 with
any TIG or Square Wave welding power sources.
Do not use LN-25 models equipped with internal
contactors with non-Lincoln TIG or Square Wave
welding power sources. Damage to the LN-25 circuit
can occur as a result of the high output inductance
typically associated with these power sources. TIG
high frequency power should never be applied to
the LN-25.
While welding with a continuously fed electrode,
weld current variations are continuously taking place.
There are many causes for these variations, but
predominantly they occur due to changes in
electrical stick out (operator hand movements,
nozzle tip contact variations, etc.) and the dynamic
metal transfer characteristics of the process or
procedure being used (short arc, globular transfer,
etc.).
When using a CV power source, these current
variations have essentially no effect on the welding
arc stability since CV power sources can provide a
wide range of weld current levels with virtually no
change in average arc voltage. These “flat slope” CV
power sources, therefore, provide the arc power
required to produce the best welding characteristics
and ease of operation for most open arc, constant
wire feed speed, welding processes.
CC (formerly VV) power sources, on the other hand,
permit the arc voltage to decrease with increases in
welding current. The output characteristics of these
power sources can range from a “drooping slope,”
which provide minor arc voltage changes with weld
current variations, to “steep slope” which provide
broad voltage changes with only minor current
variations. The steeper the slope the more difficult it
becomes to maintain arc voltage stability with a
constant wire speed open arc process.
To aid in stabilizing the arc voltage when welding on
CC power sources the LN-25 is provided with a VV
(CC) wire feed mode. This arc voltage sensing feed
mode decreases (or increases) the wire speed when
the arc voltage decreases (or increases). However,
if the electrode shorts to the work, the arc voltage
will essentially drop to zero and the short circuit
current supplied by the CC power source may not
provide enough power to re-establish the arc
(especially with steeper slope machines). Under this
condition the LN-25 feeder will stop, as if the trigger
was released, and not restart until the short has
been opened.
B-9
Arc shorting is more difficult to avoid when using
a CC power source, and requires a more refined
operator technique than when using a CV power
source. Improved performance can be obtained
on CC power source applications within the
following guidelines:
1. Flatter slope power sources with higher arc
force (short circuit current) will improve
performance over steep slope machines. The
steeper the slope, the more critical it is to hold
proper electrode stick out to maintain arc
stability. Welding techniques, such as weaving,
will be more difficult to control. Use the highest
output current tap or setting capable of providing
the voltage adjustment required for the
procedure.
2. Use spray or non-shorting small ball type
transfer processes at higher procedure voltage
levels. Generally, open arc processes with
procedure voltage levels over 22 volts perform
satisfactorily. Arc stability at procedure voltage
levels below 22 volts may be more difficult to
control, with the general exception of fine (.023—
.035) solid steel electrodes with Argon-rich
shielding gas or NR-152 and NR-211 Innershield.
AUTOMATIC PROTECTION
SHUTDOWN
The LN-25 control provides automatic electronic
protection circuits which shut down the LN-25 for
excessively high power source open circuit voltage
or excessive motor overload.
OVERVOLTAGE SHUTDOWN
If the power source open circuit voltage exceeds
about 110-120 volts, the LN-25 will not operate until
the power source voltage drops below about 102110 volts.
MOTOR OVERLOAD SHUTDOWN
If excessive motor overload occurs (due to prolonged
excessive feeding force, jammed drive rolls or
shorted motor leads), the LN-25 will shut down within
a few seconds after the overload occurs.
The shutdown will reset automatically when the gun
trigger is released, but will reoccur if the overload
situation is not remedied.
LN-25
ACCESSORIES
C-1
LN-25 MODELS-K449-2
WARNING
KIT NO. K430-2: Solenoid Kit
CYLINDER may explode if
damaged.
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not operate with covers
removed.
• Turn Welding power source
off before installing or servicing.
• Do not touch electrically hot
parts.
• Turn the input power to the
welding power source off at
the fuse box before working
in the terminal strip.
• Only qualified personnel
should install, use or service this equipment.
K430-2 GAS SOLENOID KIT
(For Codes above 10500 only)
C-1
•
•
•
•
•
• Keep cylinder upright and
chained to support.
Keep cylinder away from areas where it may be
damaged.
Never lift welder with cylinder attached.
Never allow welding electrode to touch cylinder.
Keep cylinder away from welding or other live
electrical circuits.
See American National Standard Z-49.1, “Safety in Welding
and Cutting” published by the American Welding Society.
See GMA Gun Cable Gas Connection.
Installation instructions (M19154) are included with the
kit.
K577-1 REAR HANDLE KIT
(For LN-25 model codes above 9383)
The fold-down handle mounts to the rear of the LN25
case per the Installation Instructions (M16567)
shipped with the kit.
This handle provides a means to also carry the LN25
in the vertical position, especially convenient for passing the unit through a manhole.
(Factory Installed on K446 and K449 Models)
K363P READI-REEL ADAPTER KIT
The kit permits the LN-25 to be used for Gas
Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) processes with a
GMA gun cable.
The kit can be used with or without a Remote Output
Control option installed in the LN-25 and provides
flow of shielding gas:
Adapts Lincoln Redi-Reel coils of electrode 30 lb. (14
kg) and 22 lb. (10 kg) to a 2” (51mm) spindle. Durable
molded plastic one piece construction. Designed for
easy loading; adapter remains on spindle for quick
changeover.
1. With wire feed, when the gun trigger is closed.
2. Without wire feed, when the kit’s Purge button
(located beneath the gas inlet fitting) is pressed.
NOTE: Always shut off the valve at the gas cylinder
before making any gas connections to the LN-25.
User must provide a supply of shielding gas, a pressure regulator, a flow control valve and a hose from
the flow valve to the gas inlet fitting of the LN-25.
Install by connecting a supply hose from the gas flow
valve outlet to the 5⁄8-18 female inert gas fitting on the
back panel of the LN-25 case.
The LN-25 can be used with any shielding gas
recommended in the electrode’s product literature at
a maximum pressure of 60 psi (4.1 bar). This may
include gases such as Argon, Helium, Nitrogen and
blended gasses such as Ar-He, Ar-N2, Ar-O2, ArCO2, CO2, Ar-CO2-O2.
LN-25
ACCESSORIES
C-2
C-2
The following Figures C.1 and C.2 should serve as a guide to determine if a particular gun or switch
can be connected to the LN-25.
GUN CABLE CONNECTOR REQUIREMENTS
TO PERMIT PROPER CONNECTION TO
LINCOLN LN-25 WIRE FEEDER.
LN-25 Cable Connector for .023 through .052 Wire
(For all other dimensions, see above)
FIGURE C.1
NOTE: Connector part with .749/.747 diameter
should be made from brass if it is to be part of the
welding current carrying circuit.
Wire Size
“A Dia. Hole”
To be Concentric to .749/.747
Dia. Within .008 F.I.M.
.068 thru 5⁄64
.125 (1⁄8 Drill)
⁄16 (.062)
.078 (5⁄64 Drill)
.045 & .052
.062 (1⁄16 Drill)
.023 thru .035
.055 (#54 Drill)
1
Drive Roll & Guide Tube
Kit No.
T-13355-3⁄32
T-13355-1⁄16
⁄2 Amp AC 24 Volts – Inductive
⁄2 Amp DC 24 Volts – Inductive
1
Wire Sizes Used
⁄64, .072 & .068
5
(1)
S12024-1 (L.E. Part No.)
Amphenol AN3057-10 (or equiv.)
S12020-6 (L.E. Part No.)
Amphenol MS-3106A-18-11P (or equiv.)
⁄16, .062
1
T-13355-.052C
.045, .052 Cored
T-13355-.052
.045, .052 Solid
T-15010.-.035S
(1)
SWITCH REQUIREMENTS
1
.023 thru .035 Solid
Can also be used for .052” wire
FIGURE C.2 SWITCH REQUIREMENTS
LN-25
MAINTENANCE
D-1
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not operate with covers
removed.
• Turn off power source before
installing or servicing.
• Do not touch electrically hot
parts.
• Turn the input power to the
welding power source off at
the fuse box before working
in the terminal strip.
• Only qualified personnel
should install, use or service this equipment.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
DRIVE ROLLS AND GUIDE TUBES
After feeding every coil of wire, inspect the drive roll
section. Clean it as necessary. Do not use a solvent
for cleaning the idle roll because it may wash the lubricant out of the bearing. The drive roll, idle roll and
guide tubes are stamped with the wire sizes they will
feed. If a wire size other than that stamped on the rolls
is to be used, the rolls and guide tubes must be
changed.
The drive rolls for .035 through .052 cored electrode
and 1⁄16 through 5⁄64 electrode have a double set of teeth
so they can be reversed for additional life. Drive rolls
for .023 through .052 solid electrode and aluminum
sizes have no teeth but use two grooves so they also
can be reversed for additional life.
See Wire Feed Drive Roll and Guide Tube Kits Section for roll changing instructions.
WIRE REEL SPINDLE
No routine maintenance required. Do not lubricate
spindle.
D-1
CONTROL BOX
Every six months open and inspect the control section. The accumulated dirt should be gently blown off
all of the electrical components. Be sure the air that
is being used is dry. Check that lead plugs are secure
in their receptacles.
WIRE DRIVE MOTOR AND GEAR BOX
Every year examine the gear box. Paint the gear teeth
with molydisulfide filled grease. Lincoln specification
E2322. Do not use a graphite grease.
Check the motor brushes. Replace if they are worn
down to 1⁄4 ’’ or less. When ordering feed motor
b r u s h e s , g i v e a l l i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m t h e motor
nameplate.
GUN AND CABLE MAINTENANCE
See IM manual provided with the gun and cable assembly.
CIRCUIT PROTECTION AND
AUTOMATIC SHUTDOWN
CONTROL PC BOARD
The Control P.C. Board has electronic protection for
trigger circuit faults to the electrode circuit.
AUTOMATIC PROTECTION SHUTDOWN
(See Automatic Protection Shutdown Section.)
ADJUSTING SPEED
SENSOR MODULE
The LN-25 Speed Sensor Module is a three lead Hall
Effect switch device encased in an externally threaded
housing which is screwed into a mounting plate on the
motor side of the wire drive gearbox.
Proper positioning of this module is critical to proper
operation of the LN-25 wire feed speed control. If the
device is not screwed in far enough, the LN-25 motor
speed could be unstable or run at full speed with no
control. If screwed in too far, it will rub a moving part
inside the gearbox.
LN-25
D-2
MAINTENANCE
The module is properly mounted to the gearbox
as shipped from the factory. If the device is ever
removed or replaced, proper mounting technique is
as follows:
1. Be sure all power to the LN-25 is shut off at the
power source.
2. Check that the module mounting plate is screwed
securely to the side of the gearbox.
3. Gently screw the module into the mounting plate
until it just touches and stops against the
rotating part inside the gearbox.
4. Back the module out 1⁄2 turn, then snug the
module lock nut without rotating the module
position. Do not over tighten lock nut.
CALIBRATION OF LN-25 WIRE
SPEED DIAL
Calibration of the LN-25 Wire Speed dial is achieved
by proper mounting of the dial knob to the speed
potentiometer shaft. Whenever the knob is removed,
the dial is recalibrated as follows:
NOTE: Knob set screw does not seat on shaft flat.
D-2
WARNING
Electrode will be electrically “hot”. Do not allow
fed wire to touch your body or contact any metal
common with welding work.
-------------------------------------------------------------------An alternate means to measure wire feed speed
is as follows:
a. Cut wire off at the end of the gun tip.
b. Press trigger to feed wire for exactly 30 seconds.
c. Cut fed wire off at the end of the gun tip and
accurately measure its length.
d. Multiply the measured length by 2 to obtain
the wire speed (IN/MIN).
e. Repeat above steps to assure repeatable
accuracy.
4. Carefully slip speed knob onto potentiometer
shaft so it points precisely to the wire speed
measured in step 3, then secure the knob set
screw without disturbing the position. Recheck by
repeating step 3.
1. Be sure the Wire Speed potentiometer mounting
nut is securely tightened, then rotate the
potentiometer shaft so its flat faces about to the
100 mark on the LO range calibrated dial.
2. Set DIAL RANGE switch to LO and WIRE FEED
MODE switch to CV position.
3. Press gun trigger to feed wire and measure
the wire feed speed (IN/MIN) using a Portable
Digital Wire Feed Speed Meter (Lincoln K283).
Take at least two readings to assure repeatable accuracy.
Feed Speed Meter (Lincoln K283). Take at least
two readings to assure repeatable accuracy.
LN-25
E-1
TROUBLESHOOTING
E-1
HOW TO USE TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
WARNING
Service and Repair should only be performed by Factory Trained Personnel. Unauthorized repairs
performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician and machine operator and
will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid Electrical Shock, please observe
all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
__________________________________________________________________________
This Troubleshooting Guide is provided to help you
locate and repair possible machine malfunctions.
Simply follow the three-step procedure listed below.
Step 1. LOCATE PROBLEM (SYMPTOM).
Look under the column labeled “PROBLEM (SYMPTOMS)”. This column describes possible symptoms
that the machine may exhibit. Find the listing that
best describes the symptom that the machine is
exhibiting.
Step 3. RECOMMENDED COURSE OF ACTION
This column provides a course of action for the
Possible Cause, generally it states to contact your
local Authorized Field Service Facility.
If you do not understand or are unable to perform
the Recommended Course of Action safely, contact
your local Authorized Field Service Facility.
Step 2. POSSIBLE CAUSE.
The second column labeled “POSSIBLE CAUSE”
lists the obvious external possibilities that may contribute to the machine symptom.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely, contact your
Local Authorized Field Service Facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
LN-25
E-2
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
TROUBLESHOOTING
POSSIBLE
CAUSE
E-2
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
FEEDING PROBLEMS
No wire feed when gun trigger is
pulled
1. Power source must be on
and open circuit voltage
(OCV) present at weld
terminals.
2. LN-25 work clip may not be
connected.
3. LN-25 polarity switch must
match electrode polarity.
4. Jumper plug on control or
option board may be loose
or missing.
5. The power source O.C.V.
must be above 15 VDC. But
not more than 110 VDC.
If all recommended possible areas
of misadjustment have been
checked and the problem persists,
Contact your local Authorized
Field Service Facility.
6. The gun trigger may be
faulty.- Replace gun.
Wire feeds for a short time but
stops feeding. When gun trigger
is released and retriggered wire
feeding starts but stops again.
1. The drive motor may be
overloaded. Check the wire
feeding system. EX. Drive
roll tension, reel brake and
gun cable liner.
Wire feeds OK, but stubs or
stops while welding.
1. If the power source is a
constant current type
supply the arc voltage may
be “dipping” below 15 VDC
causing the LN-25 to stop
or hesitate.
2. Connect a constant voltage
type power supply to the
LN-25.
3. Make sure wire-feed mode
switch (S3) is in the proper
position.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely,
contact your local authorized field service facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
LN-25
E-3
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
TROUBLESHOOTING
POSSIBLE
CAUSE
E-3
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
FEEDING PROBLEMS
Rough wire feeding or wire not
feeding but drive rolls turning.
1. Gun cable kinked and/or
twisted.
2. Wire jammed in gun and cable.
3. Incorrect size or installation
of drive roll and guide tubes.
4. Drive roll loose.
5. Gun cable dirty.
If all recommended possible areas
of misadjustment have been
checked and the problem persists,
Contact your local Authorized
Field Service Facility.
6. Worn drive roll.
7. Electrode rusty and/or dirty.
8. Worn nozzle or cable liner.
9. Partially flashed or melted
contact tip.
10. Incorrect idle roll pressure.
11. Wire reel brake tension set
too high.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely,
contact your local authorized field service facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
LN-25
E-4
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
TROUBLESHOOTING
POSSIBLE
CAUSE
E-4
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
OUTPUT PROBLEMS
Solenoid does not close when
trigger is pulled or purge button
is pressed. Wire feeds properly.
1. Make certain that plugs J2
and J3 are connected to the
control board securely.
WELD PROBLEMS
Variable or “hunting” arc.
1. Worn and/or melted contact
tip -Replace.
2. Worn work cable or poor
work connection.
3. Loose electrode connections. -Check for loose or
faulty connections.
If all recommended possible
areas of misadjustment have
been checked and the problem
persists, Contact your local
Authorized Field Service
Facility.
4. Wrong electrode polarity for
process being used.
Weld porosity, narrow and ropey
bead, or electrode stubbing into
plate when welding.
1. Contaminated weld joint or
improper procedures. Clean joint and check
procedure (wire speed and
all voltage).
Motor feeds but there is no wire
feed speed control.
1. Make sure all molex plugs
and leads are securely
connected to the control
board.
2. Check speed sensor - see
maintenance section.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely,
contact your local authorized field service facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
LN-25
N.B.
WIRE SPEED
10K
R1
631
VM
J5
67
E
D
C
B
5
7
4
512
624
3
1
5
500
621
N.G.
GUN CABLE
S4
S3 WIRE FEED MODE SWITCH
*
N.F.
SWITCH
J7
N.F.
3
*
N.H.
N.B., N.D.,
J13
500
530
*
2
B
4
R
*
SWITCH
EFFECT
HALL
U
1
N.B.
2
1
CV
S1
CONNECTOR CAVITY NUMBER
VV
MODE SWITCH
WIRE FEED
S3
3
6
5
2
4
1
1
4
*
*
12
530A
12
S5
13
512
13
8
11
1
6
5
500A
530
606
621
622A
8
11
1
6
5
N.L.
608
4
4
691
2
2
S5
PUSHBUTTON
PURGE
PROVIDES AN ESD PATHWAY FROM EXPOSED METAL SURFACES TO THE WORK.
PRESENT ON EUROPEAN MODELS ONLY.
CONNECTS TO THE BUSHING OF THE COMPONENT.
N.K.
N.L.
TOGGLE SWITCH USED ON EARLIER UNITS.
N.H.
N.J.
JUMPER PLUG MUST BE INSTALLED UNLESS OPTIONAL TIMER IS USED.
CONNECTS DIRECTLY TO THE CONDUCTOR BLOCK.
SWITCH COMES FROM THE CONDUCTOR BLOCK AND THE INPUT CABLE
WHEN A CONTACTOR IS NOT USED, THE '67' LEAD TO THE POLARITY
PART NO.) CONTROL PC BOARD.
CONTACTOR CAN BE INSTALLED IN UNITS WITH A G1757-3 (OR HIGHER
N.G.
N.F.
N.E.
CONNECTIONS AS VIEWED FROM BACK OF RHEOSTAT AND SWITCHES.
ON SOME MODELS.
ITEM FACTORY INSTALLED ON SOME MODELS AND OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
N.B.
INSTALLED UNLESS OPTIONAL REMOTE KIT IS BEING USED.
N.D.
VALVE
622A
621
606
530
500A
624
667
530A
512
622A
607
500
500A
OPTIONAL
CONTACTOR
P.C. BOARD PLUG
SOLENOID
3
3
GAS
14
624
14
10
16
622
16
10
9
690
7
15
607
500
WHEN A CONTACTOR IS NOT USED THE JUMPER PLUG MUST BE
N.J.,N.K
7
9
15
N.A.
N.D.
N.A.
NOTES
ESD SNUBBER
S1
S2
12 5
J4
J3
*
J2
*
3 6 1 4 10 8 11 2 9 13 14 7
CONTROL
P.C. BOARD
N.D.
SOLENOID P.C.
BOARD PLUG
691
690
608
621
622A
OPTIONAL REMOTE
KIT PLUG
N.G.
N.G.
N.G.
1 2 3 4 5 6
J6 *
P.C. BOARD
REMOTE
607
512
500
606
530
530A
R3
76
75
75
76
77
A
B
C
D
E
F
*
500
622A
621
500A
530A
530
624
606
622
607
512
TO TIMER P.C. BOARD
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
2
41
42
4
R3
76
75
1 2 3 4 5 6
J6 *
P.C. BOARD
REMOTE
1 2 3 4 5 6
J6 *
P.C. BOARD
REMOTE
*
500
622A
621
500A
530A
530
624
606
622
607
512
702
701
700
TO TIMER P.C. BOARD
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
2
3
4
R3
76
75
*
1
TO TIMER P.C. BOARD
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
500
622A
621
500A
530A
530
624
606
622
607
512
2
4
4
34
33
1
3
2
66
R3
76
7
75
A
B
C
D
E
F
667
4
33
34
21
75
76
77
621
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
L10925
2-20-98A
TO CONTROL BOARD
SWITCH
POLARITY
TO
ARC VOLTS
77
21
621
OPTIONAL PULSE POWER ADAPTOR KIT
J8
*
J13
75
76
77
700
701
702
TO CONTROL BOARD
ARC VOLTS
77
OPTIONAL REMOTE OUTPUT CONTROL
J8
*
J13
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
TO CONTROL BOARD
ARC VOLTS
77
75
76
77
41
42
2
4
P.C. BOARD
OPTIONAL 42 VOLT REMOTE OUTPUT CONTROL
J8
*
J12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TO REMOTE
OR CONTACTOR
OPTIONAL REMOTE VOLTAGE CONTROL
77
1
2
3
4
5
6
OPTIONAL TIMER KIT
J10*
ARC VOLTS
606
500
512
607
530A
530
S5 PURGE PUSHBUTTON
S4 COLD INCH SWITCH
J6
PUSHBUTTON
S2 WIRE SPEED DIAL RANGE SWITCH
S1 POLARITY SWITCH
LEGEND
N.D.,N.E.
500A
N.F.
667
NEG
667
622A
PLUG
TIMER
CABLE
6
607
530
COLD INCH
4
512
606
OPTIONAL
2
12
14
10
P C BOARD
CONTACTOR
*
J1
BOARD
TIMER P.C.
WIRING DIAGRAM
NOTE: This diagram is for reference only. It may not be accurate for all machines covered by this manual. The specific diagram for a particular code is pasted inside the
machine on one of the enclosure panels. If the diagram is illegible, write to the Service Department for a replacement. Give the equipment code number.
COIL
6
606
530A
J9
3
2
606
500
512
607
530A
530
CONTACTOR
8
INPUT
2
621
13
3
530
607
530A
621
A
CONTACTOR
CONNECTOR
TRIGGER
N.F.
67
N.L.
SWITCH
POLARITY
S1
BLACK
POS
N.B.
621
TO WORK CLIP
667
+
VOLTMETER
ARC
N.B.
CONTROL RHEOSTAT
633
632
522
LO
509
523
621
632
HI
500
500A
667
523
N.L.
N.D.,N.E.
522
1
633
9
523
667
524
1
2
530
539
WHITE
631
500
RED
539
11
524
541
WHITE
S2
523
500
BLACK
RANGE SWITCH
509
555
BLACK
RED
WIRE SPEED DIAL
BLUE
WIRING DIAGRAM - LN-25 FOR CODE 10731
BLACK
541
BLACK
LN-25
BLACK
606
500
512
607
530A
530
WHITE
512
BLUE
F-1
F-1
LN-25
6
J3
J14
16
8
10
621
667
C
D
N.D.
J5
E
N.F.
S1
R1
CW
1
4
5
2
3
6
3
1
2
4
S2
N.L.
S2
N.B.
N.D.
LO
J2
J1
J3
J4
7
15
9
16
13
12
10
14
8
11
1
6
5
3
2
4
S3
VV
3
J16
2
R
4
HALL
EFFECT
SWITCH
U B
1
1
J15
624
500A
530
606
621
622A
607
622
512
530A
500
N.H.
N.G.
N.H.
N.G.
N.H.
N.G.
OPTIONAL REMOTE
KIT PLUG
2
N.A.
8 1 9 10 4 3 11 2 6 12 7 5 13 14
WIRE FEED
N.B. MODE SWITCH
CV
GUN CABLE
WIRE SPEED DIAL
RANGE SWITCH
HI
SOLENOID P.C.
BOARD PLUG
690
691
621
608
621
667
500A
622A
10K W
WIRE SPEED
CONTROL RHEOSTAT
NOTES
N.B.
J11
J14
CONTROL
P.C. BOARD
JUMPER PLUG MUST BE INSTALLED IF REMOTE KIT IS NOT PRESENT.
CONNECTIONS AS VIEWED FROM BACK OF RHEOSTAT AND SWITCHES.
ITEM FACTORY INSTALLED ON SOME MODELS AND OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT ON SOME MODELS.
CONTACTOR CAN BE INSTALLED IN UNITS WITH AN L12253-1 CONTROL PC BOARD.
WHEN A CONTACTOR IS NOT USED, THE ’67’ LEAD TO THE POLARITY SWITCH COMES FROM THE CONDUCTOR
BLOCK AND THE INPUT CABLE CONNECTS DIRECTLY TO THE CONDUCTOR BLOCK.
N.G. IF TIMER KIT IS NOT INSTALLED:
-ON UNITS WITHOUT REMOTE PC BOARD, JUMPER MUST BE INSTALLED IN J11.
-ON UNITS WITH REMOTE PC BOARD, JUMPER MUST BE INSTALLED IN J6 OF REMOTE PC BOARD.
N.H. TIMER KIT HARNESS INSTALLATION:
- ON UNITS WITH REMOTE PC BOARD, TIMER HARNESS MUST PLUG INTO J6 OF REMOTE PC BOARD.
- ON UNITS WITHOUT REMOTE PC BOARD, TIMER HARNESS MUST PLUG INTO J11.
N.J. PROVIDES AN ESD PATHWAY FROM EXPOSED METAL SURFACES TO WORK.
N.K. PRESENT ON EUROPEAN MODELS ONLY.
N.L. CONNECTS TO BUSHING OF COMPONENT.
N.M. J14 JUMPER PLUG USED ON K428 ONLY.
N.A.
N.B.
N.D.
N.E.
N.F.
S1
S5
621
608
N.G.
530
500
530A
512
606
6
7
9
1
5
4
8
3
10
2
1 2 34 5 6
J6
REMOTE
P.C. BOARD
530
530A
607
512
500
606
75
75
76
77
A
B
C
D
E
F
N.H.
622A
621
500A
530A
530
624
606
622
607
512
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
J12
J8
76
75
1 2 34 5 6
J6
REMOTE
P.C. BOARD
1 2 34 5 6
J6
REMOTE
P.C. BOARD
J8
500
622A
621
500A
530A
530
624
606
622
607
512
702
701
700
76
75
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
J8
500
622A
621
500A
530A
530
624
606
622
607
512
4
34
33
606
500
512
607
530A
530
76
75
667
4
33
34
21
75
76
77
621
TO J3 ON
CONTROL BOARD
R3
ARC VOLTS
TO
POLARITY
SWITCH
77
21
66
7
621
OPTIONAL PULSE POWER ADAPTOR KIT
TO TIMER P.C. BOARD
1
2
3
4
J13
A
B
C
D
E
F
TO J3 ON
CONTROL BOARD
R3
ARC VOLTS
77
75
76
77
700
701
702
OPTIONAL REMOTE OUTPUT CONTROL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
***
1
2
3
4
J13
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
TO J3 ON
CONTROL BOARD
R3
ARC VOLTS
77
75
76
77
41
42
2
4
OPTIONAL 42 VOLT REMOTE OUTPUT CONTROL
TO TIMER P.C. BOARD
500
2
41
42
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OPTIONAL REMOTE VOLTAGE CONTROL
76
ARC VOLTS
R3
77
1
2
3
4
5
6
OPTIONAL TIMER KIT
J10
TIMER P.C.
BOARD
G4679
B
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
WIRING DIAGRAM
NOTE: This diagram is for reference only. It may not be accurate for all machines covered by this manual. The specific diagram for a particular code is pasted inside the
machine on one of the enclosure panels. If the diagram is illegible, write to the Service Department for a replacement. Give the equipment code number.
B
A
691
690
500A
622A
ESD SNUBBER
N.J.,N.K
GAS
SOLENOID
VALVE
N.L.
S5
PURGE
PUSHBUTTON
S5
A
B
C
D
E
OPTIONAL
TIMER PLUG
N.H.
TRIGGER
CONNECTOR
J5
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS PER E1537
CONNECTORS VIEWED FROM INSERTION END
9
14
J4
1
7
8
6
4
3
4
J1,J16
J2,J11
3
1
N.D.,N.E.
5
667
67
CONTACTOR
1
1
N.F.
667
NEG
CONTACTOR
COIL
S1
2
1
67
+
S1
S1
621 POLARITY
SWITCH
VM
J14
2
4
6
3
1
5
530B
500B
WHITE
606
500
512
607
530A
530
2
J7,J15
1
INPUT
CABLE
N.F.
N.L.
POS
N.B.
TO
BLACK
WORK CLIP
621
ARC
VOLTMETER
530A
512
606
607
530
500
633
N.M.
6
7
9
1
5
4
8
3
10
2
632
J7
1
2
522
523B
530C
500C
633
632
631
522
509
523A
524
N.B., N.D.,
523B
509
523A
524
S4
555
BLUE
COLD INCH
PUSHBUTTON
SWITCH
631
WIRING DIAGRAM - LN-25 FOR CODE 11146
BLACK
541
BLACK
606
500
512
607
530A
530
539
WHITE
500
BLACK
BLUE
512
539
RED
WHITE
BLACK
541
BLACK
RED
F-2
F-2
DIMENSIONS
F-3
F-3
LN-25 PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS
16.60
14.00
7.40
.25
21.00
LN-25
● Do not touch electrically live parts or
WARNING
Spanish
AVISO DE
PRECAUCION
French
ATTENTION
German
WARNUNG
Portuguese
ATENÇÃO
● Keep flammable materials away.
● Wear eye, ear and body protec-
tion.
electrode with skin or wet clothing.
● Insulate yourself from work and
ground.
● No toque las partes o los electrodos
bajo carga con la piel o ropa
mojada.
● Aislese del trabajo y de la tierra.
● Mantenga el material com-
bustible fuera del área de trabajo.
● Ne laissez ni la peau ni des vête-
● Gardez à l’écart de tout matériel
ments mouillés entrer en contact
inflammable.
avec des pièces sous tension.
● Isolez-vous du travail et de la
terre.
● Berühren Sie keine stromführenden
● Entfernen Sie brennbarres
Teile oder Elektroden mit Ihrem
Material!
Körper oder feuchter Kleidung!
● Isolieren Sie sich von den
Elektroden und dem Erdboden!
● Não toque partes elétricas e elec-
trodos com a pele ou roupa molhada.
● Isole-se da peça e terra.
● Mantenha inflamáveis bem
● Protéjase los ojos, los oídos y el
cuerpo.
● Protégez vos yeux, vos oreilles et
votre corps.
● Tragen Sie Augen-, Ohren- und
Kör-perschutz!
● Use proteção para a vista, ouvido
e corpo.
guardados.
Japanese
Chinese
Korean
Arabic
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTION FOR THIS EQUIPMENT AND THE CONSUMABLES
TO BE USED AND FOLLOW YOUR EMPLOYER’S SAFETY PRACTICES.
SE RECOMIENDA LEER Y ENTENDER LAS INSTRUCCIONES DEL FABRICANTE PARA EL USO DE ESTE EQUIPO Y
LOS CONSUMIBLES QUE VA A UTILIZAR, SIGA LAS MEDIDAS DE SEGURIDAD DE SU SUPERVISOR.
LISEZ ET COMPRENEZ LES INSTRUCTIONS DU FABRICANT EN CE QUI REGARDE CET EQUIPMENT ET LES PRODUITS A ETRE EMPLOYES ET SUIVEZ LES PROCEDURES DE SECURITE DE VOTRE EMPLOYEUR.
LESEN SIE UND BEFOLGEN SIE DIE BETRIEBSANLEITUNG DER ANLAGE UND DEN ELEKTRODENEINSATZ DES
HERSTELLERS. DIE UNFALLVERHÜTUNGSVORSCHRIFTEN DES ARBEITGEBERS SIND EBENFALLS ZU BEACHTEN.
● Turn power off before servicing.
● Keep your head out of fumes.
● Use ventilation or exhaust to
● Do not operate with panel open
or guards off.
WARNING
remove fumes from breathing zone.
● Los humos fuera de la zona de res-
piración.
● Mantenga la cabeza fuera de los
humos. Utilice ventilación o
aspiración para gases.
● Desconectar el cable de ali-
mentación de poder de la
máquina antes de iniciar
cualquier servicio.
● No operar con panel abierto o
guardas quitadas.
● Gardez la tête à l’écart des fumées. ● Débranchez le courant avant l’en● Utilisez un ventilateur ou un aspiratretien.
● N’opérez pas avec les panneaux
● Vermeiden Sie das Einatmen von
● Anlage nie ohne Schutzgehäuse
teur pour ôter les fumées des zones
de travail.
Schweibrauch!
● Sorgen Sie für gute Be- und
Entlüftung des Arbeitsplatzes!
● Mantenha seu rosto da fumaça.
● Use ventilação e exhaustão para
remover fumo da zona respiratória.
● Strom vor Wartungsarbeiten
abschalten! (Netzstrom völlig öffnen; Maschine anhalten!)
ouverts ou avec les dispositifs de
protection enlevés.
oder Innenschutzverkleidung in
Betrieb setzen!
● Não opere com as tampas removidas.
● Desligue a corrente antes de fazer
● Mantenha-se afastado das partes
serviço.
● Não toque as partes elétricas nuas.
● Não opere com os paineis aber-
moventes.
tos ou guardas removidas.
Spanish
AVISO DE
PRECAUCION
French
ATTENTION
German
WARNUNG
Portuguese
ATENÇÃO
Japanese
Chinese
Korean
Arabic
LEIA E COMPREENDA AS INSTRUÇÕES DO FABRICANTE PARA ESTE EQUIPAMENTO E AS PARTES DE USO, E
SIGA AS PRÁTICAS DE SEGURANÇA DO EMPREGADOR.
• World's Leader in Welding and Cutting Products •
• Sales and Service through Subsidiaries and Distributors Worldwide •
Cleveland, Ohio 44117-1199 U.S.A. TEL: 216.481.8100 FAX: 216.486.1751 WEB SITE: www.lincolnelectric.com