Emerson FM-3 Installation manual

FM-3 Programming Module
Reference Manual
P/N 400508-01
Revision: A2
Date: August 23, 2000
© EMERSON Motion Control, Inc. 2000
FM-3
Programming Module
Reference Manual
Information furnished by EMERSON Motion Control is believed to be accurate and reliable. However,
no responsibility is assumed by EMERSON Motion Control for its use. EMERSON Motion Control
reserves the right to change the design or operation of the equipment described herein and any
associated motion products without notice. EMERSON Motion Control also assumes no responsibility
for any errors that may appear in this document. Information in this document is subject to change
without notice.
P/N 400508-01
Revision: A2
Date: August 23, 2000
© EMERSON Motion Control™, Inc. 2000
© EMERSON Motion Control, Inc. 2000
Part Number: 400508-01
Revision: A2
Date: August 2000
Printed in United States of America
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Companies, names, and data used in
examples herein are fictitious unless otherwise noted. No part of this document may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the
express written permission of EMERSON Motion Control.
The following are trademarks of EMERSON Motion Control and may not be reproduced in any
fashion without written approval of EMERSON Motion Control: EMERSON Motion Control,
EMERSON Motion Control PowerTools.
EMERSON Motion Control, a Division of Emerson Electric Co.
EMERSON Motion Control, Inc. is not affiliated with Microsoft Corporation, owner of the MicroSoft,
Windows, and Windows NT trademarks.
This document has been prepared to conform to the current released version of the product. Because
of our extensive development efforts and our desire to further improve and enhance the product,
inconsistencies may exist between the product and documentation in some instances. Call your
customer support representative if you encounter an inconsistency.
ii
Customer Service
It is EMERSON Motion Control’s goal to ensure your greatest possible satisfaction with the
operation of our products. We are dedicated to providing fast, friendly, and accurate
assistance. That is why we offer you so many ways to get the support you need. Whether by
phone, fax or modem, you can access EMERSON Motion Control support information 24
hours a day, seven days a week.
EMERSON Motion Control
12005 Technology Drive
Eden Prairie, Minnesota 55344
U.S.A.
FAX
(952)995-8011
You can FAX questions and comments to EMERSON Motion Control. Just send a FAX to
the number listed above.
Website:
www.emersondrivesolutions.com
If you have Internet capabilities, you also have access to technical support using our Website
at http://www.emersondrivesolutions.com. The Website includes technical notes, frequently
asked questions, release notes and other technical documentation. This direct technical
support connection lets you request assistance and exchange software files electronically.
Service Support
(952)995-8033
EMERSON Motion Control’s products are backed by a team of professionals who will
service your installation wherever it may be. Our customer service center in Eden Prairie,
Minnesota is ready to help you solve those occasional problems over the telephone. Our
customer service center is available 24 hours a day for emergency service to help speed any
problem solving. Also, all hardware replacement parts, should they ever be needed, are
available through our customer service organization.
When you call, please be at your computer, have your documentation in hand, and be
prepared to provide the following information:
Product version number, found by choosing About from the Help menu.
The type of controller or product you are using.
Exact wording of any messages that appear on your screen.
What you were doing when the problem occurred.
How you tried to solve the problem.
You can also contact us by email: service@emersondrivesolutions.com
iii
Need on-site help? EMERSON Motion Control provides service, in most cases, the next day.
Just call EMERSON’s customer service center when on-site service or maintenance is
required.
Training Services
(800)397-3786 or Fax (952)995-8011
EMERSON Motion Control maintains a highly trained staff of instructors to familiarize
customers with EMERSON Motion Control’s products and their applications. A number of
courses are offered, many of which can be taught in your plant upon request.
Application Engineering
(800)893-2321
An experienced staff of factory application engineers provides complete customer support for
tough or complex applications. Our engineers offer you a broad base of experience and
knowledge of electronic motion control applications. Application engineers may be contacted
by email at applengr@emersondrivesolutions.com or at the telephone number listed above.
Sales:
(952)995-8000
Email: sales@emersondrivesolutions.com
Authorized EMERSON Motion Control distributors may place orders directly with our Order
Processing department by calling the number listed above. For information on your local
distributor, call EMERSON Motion Control.
iv
Document Conventions
Manual conventions have been established to help you learn to use this manual quickly and
easily. As much as possible, these conventions correspond to those found in other Microsoft®
Windows®1 documentation.
Menu names and options are printed in bold type: the File menu.
Dialog box names begin with uppercase letters: the Axis Limits dialog box.
Dialog box field names are in quotes: “Field Name”.
Button names are in italic: OK button.
Source code is printed in Courier font: Case ERMS.
In addition, you will find the following typographic conventions throughout this manual.
This
Represents
bold
Characters that you must type exactly as they appear. For example, if you are directed to type
a:setup, you should type all the bold characters exactly as they are printed.
italic
Place holders for information you must provide. For example, if you are directed to type
filename, you should type the actual name for a file instead of the word shown in italic type.
ALL CAPITALS
Directory names, file names, key names, and acronyms.
SMALL CAPS
Non-printable ASCII control characters.
KEY1+KEY2
example: (Alt+F)
A plus sign (+) between key names means to press and hold down the first key while you press
the second key.
KEY1,KEY2
example: (Alt,F)
A comma (,) between key names means to press and release the keys one after the other.
Special nomenclature is provided for people working with these products, as follows:
Warning
For the purpose of this manual and product, “Warning” indicates death, severe personal
injury or substantial property damage CAN result if proper precautions are not taken.
Caution
For the purpose of this manual and product, “Caution” indicates minor personal injury or
property damage CAN result if proper precautions are not taken.
Note
For the purpose of this manual and product, “Note” indicates information about the
product or the respective part of the manual which is essential to highlight.
Throughout this manual, the word “drive” refers to an E Series drive.
1.See page ii of the preface.
v
Safety Instructions
General Warning
Failure to follow safe installation guidelines can cause death or serious injury. The voltages
used in the product can cause severe electric shock and/or burns, and could be
lethal. Extreme care is necessary at all times when working with or adjacent to it. The
installation must comply with all relevant safety legislation in the country of use.
Qualified Person
For the purpose of this manual and product, a “qualified person” is one who is familiar with
the installation, construction and operation of the equipment and the hazards involved. In
addition, this individual has the following qualifications:
•
Is trained and authorized to energize, de-energize, clear, ground and tag circuits and
equipment in accordance with established safety practices.
•
Is trained in the proper care and use of protective equipment in accordance with
established safety practices.
•
Is trained in rendering first aid.
Reference Materials
The following related reference and installation manuals may be useful with your particular
system.
•
•
•
vi
FM-3 Speed Module Installation Manual (P/N 400508-02)
Epsilon Eb and E Series EN Drives Reference Manual (P/N 400501-01)
PowerTools Software User’s Guide (P/N 400503-01)
Safety Considerations
Safety Precautions
This product is intended for professional integration into a complete system. If you install the
product incorrectly, it may present a safety hazard. The product and system may use high
voltages and currents, carry a high level of stored electrical energy, or control mechanical
equipment that can cause injury.
You should give close attention to the electrical installation and system design to avoid
hazards either in normal operation or in the event of equipment malfunction. System design,
installation, commissioning and maintenance must be carried out by personnel who have the
necessary training and experience. Read and follow this safety information and the instruction
manual carefully.
Enclosure
This product is intended to be mounted in an enclosure which prevents access except by
trained and authorized personnel, and which prevents the ingress of contamination. This
product is designed for use in an environment classified as pollution degree 2 in accordance
with IEC664-1. This means that only dry, non-conducting contamination is acceptable.
Setup, Commissioning and Maintenance
It is essential that you give careful consideration to changes to drive settings. Depending on
the application, a change could have an impact on safety. You must take appropriate
precautions against inadvertent changes or tampering. Restoring default parameters in certain
applications may cause unpredictable or hazardous operation.
Safety of Machinery
Within the European Union all machinery with which this product is used must comply with
Directive 89/392/EEC, Safety of Machinery.
The product has been designed and tested to a high standard, and failures are very unlikely.
However the level of integrity offered by the product’s control function – for example stop/
start, forward/reverse and maximum speed – is not sufficient for use in safety-critical
applications without additional independent channels of protection. All applications where
malfunction could cause injury or loss of life must be subject to a risk assessment, and further
protection provided where needed.
Warning
General warning
Failure to follow safe installation guidelines can cause death or serious injury. The voltages used in
this unit can cause severe electric shock and/or burns, and could be lethal. Extreme care is necessary
at all times when working with or adjacent to this equipment. The installation must comply with all
vii
relevant safety legislation in the country of use.
AC supply isolation device
The AC supply must be removed from the drive using an approved isolation device or disconnect
before any servicing work is performed, other than adjustments to the settings or parameters
specified in the manual. The drive contains capacitors which remain charged to a potentially lethal
voltage after the supply has been removed. Allow at least 3 minutes for Epsilon and 30 seconds for
E Series drives after removing the supply before carrying out any work which may involve contact
with electrical connections to the drive.
Products connected by plug and socket
A special hazard may exist where the drive is incorporated into a product which is connected to the
AC supply by a plug and socket. When unplugged, the pins of the plug may be connected to the
drive input, which is only separated from the charge stored in the bus capacitor by semiconductor
devices. To avoid any possibility of electric shock from the pins, if they are accessible, a means
must be provided for automatically disconnecting the plug from the drive (that is, a latching
contactor).
Grounding (Earthing, equipotential bonding)
The drive must be grounded by a conductor sufficient to carry all possible fault current in the event
of a fault. The ground connections shown in the manual must be followed.
Fuses
Fuses or over-current protection must be provided at the input in accordance with the instructions
in the manual.
Isolation of control circuits
The installer must ensure that the external control circuits are isolated from human contact by at
least one layer of insulation rated for use at the applied AC supply voltage.
viii
Table of Contents
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Reference Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
Safety Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Introduction
1
Operational Overview
3
Software Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
PowerTools FM-3 Setup Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Keypad Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
How Motion Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
How Jogging Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
How Home Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
How Indexes Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
How Communications Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Setting Up Parameters
25
Setup View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Status Online Tab (Online Only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
User Units View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Master Units View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Position View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Velocity View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Ramps View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Torque View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Tuning View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Faults View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
PLS View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
I/O Setup Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Selector View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Assignments View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Input Lines View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Output Lines View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Motion Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Jog View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Home View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
ix
Index View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Network Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Modbus View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Programming
81
Parameter Descriptions
99
Parameters Saved to NVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Installation
129
Basic Installation Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PC System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing for PowerTools FM-3 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing PowerTools FM-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Exiting PowerTools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quick Start
129
129
131
131
131
131
132
133
135
Basic Setup Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Example Application Start Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Tuning Procedures
157
PID vs. State-Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tuning Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tuning Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining Tuning Parameter Values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
169
Diagnostic Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fault Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analog Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic Analog Output Test Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Programming Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
x
157
158
160
162
169
170
176
177
178
180
180
182
Online Status Indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Specifications
189
Dimensions and Clearances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Cable Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Glossary
205
Index
213
xi
xii
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Introduction
FM-3 is a compact and rugged function module that attaches to the front of the E Series drive.
It provides eight digital input lines and four digital output lines, in addition to the four input
and three output lines available on the E Series EN drive.
Unlike other function modules, the FM-3 offers complex motion profiling. A complex motion
profile consists of two or more indexes that are executed in sequence such that the final
velocity of each index except the last is non-zero. Logical instructions between index
statements can provide a powerful tool for altering motion profiles ’on the fly’. The FM-3
defines complex motion by a configuration file that includes setups, function assignments and
programs. The configuration file is created using EMERSON Motion Control PowerTools®
FM-3 software1. Setup views have the same look and feel as dialog boxes. The wiring of input
and output functions is done through assignments in the software. Emerson Motion Control
PowerTools FM-3 is an easy-to-use Microsoft® Windows®2 based setup and diagnostics
tool.
Figure 1: E Series EN Drive with FM-3 Function Module
Note that the E Series drive’s firmware is disabled whenever a Function Module such as the
FM-3 is attached. Therefore, if the E Series drive’s hardware is FM compatible, then the E
Series drive’s firmware can be any version because the programming features reside in the
function module’s flash memory. Flash files used for firmware upgrades are available on the
Emerson Motion Control webpage.
1.In this manual, Emerson Motion Control PowerTools FM-3 software will be referred to as
PowerTools FM-3.
2. See page ii of the preface
1
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
The FM-3 stores E Series drive setup parameters within the module itself. This allows you to
transfer the FM-3 to another E Series drive without losing setup parameters.
Fastening Latch
3 Row by 12
Character Display
Soft Keys
Direction Arrow
Keys
Programming Module
100-Pin Connector
1
2
3
Inputs
4
5
Inputs
6
7
485 -
8
SHLD
1
Outputs
Sync.
Input
Sync. Intput
Exp. I/O
Expanded I/O
485 +
2
3
Outputs
4
10-30
VDC
Sync.
Output
Sync. Output
+
-
10-30 VDC
MODEL FM-3
PART 960499-01
REV
A5/A3
SER
9820B025
Aligning Tabs
Front
Figure 2:
2
FM-3 Programming Module Features
Back
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Operational Overview
This section provides a complete functional description of the FM-3. It is intended to provide
you with a thorough understanding of all operations. The description includes references to
many FM-3 and E Series drive parameters which can be displayed and/or edited using
Emerson Motion Control PowerTools® FM-3 software, or through any Modbus interface.
The FM-3 augments the E Series drive by providing the ability to implement programs
written using PowerTools FM-3. When an FM-3 is attached to an E Series drive, it overrides
the operation and user accessible features of the drive. The drive’s basic operating modes
(Pulse, Velocity and Torque) are not available when an FM-3 is attached.
The FM-3 stores E Series drive setup parameters within the module itself. This allows you to
transfer the FM-3 to another E Series drive without losing setup parameters.
The FM-3 allows you to set up 55 different indexes, Jog functions and multiple Homes. It also
provides eight digital input lines and four digital output lines in addition to the four input and
three output lines available on the drive.
Software Interface
The FM-3 is set up using PowerTools FM-3 software. PowerTools FM-3 is an easy-to-use
Windows® based setup and diagnostics tool. It provides you with the ability to create, edit
and maintain your drive’s setup. You can download or upload your setup data to or from a
device. You can also save it to a file on your PC or print it for review or permanent storage.
PowerTools FM-3 Setup Software
PowerTools FM-3 is designed to be the easiest to use software available for single axis motion
controllers.
Features
•
•
•
•
“Hierarchy View” for quick navigation to any setup screen
Simple I/O function assignments
Powerful online diagnostic capabilities
Programming
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Figure 3:
Hierarchy View
The “Hierarchy View” (shown above) contains expandable groups of parameters. The groups
can be expanded and contracted just like folders in Windows Explorer. Left clicking on a
view name in the Hierarchy view displays that View on the right side of the computer screen.
To setup a drive the user simply steps through the Hierarchy View from top to bottom.
Simple applications can be setup in a matter of minutes. Many of the views have Assignment
tabs that display the assignments pertaining to the view (i.e. on the Position view, the position
assignments are displayed).
Keypad Interface
The keypad on the front of the FM-3 provides navigation through a menu of common
parameters and displays of current functions. Navigation through the menu is accomplished
with the six keys located below the display. The top two keys are called the "soft keys"
because they relate to the commands located directly above each key on the LCD. These keys
are used to select the operation (e.g. Modify, Ok, Cancel), parameter group, and/or to validate
4
Operational Overview
information. The four arrow keys are used to navigate through parameter groups, select a
specific parameter to be modified, and to modify digital and numeric data.
The operation of the arrow keys is dependent upon the type of parameter which is being
modified.
Figure 4:
EN - 2 0 4
MG - 3 1 6
ADR 0 1
S EC UR
QU I CK
FM-3 Display Screen and Keypad
On the Menu screen, the drive type and axis address are always shown on the top line of the
display. The second line shows the motor type. If a user defined motor is selected, the user
defined motor name will appear. The third line shows two parameter group names, one above
each of the soft keys.
From the Menu screen, the user selects a group of drive parameters to work with. The group
names are scrolled using the left/right direction keys. The groups correspond roughly to the
tabs used by the PowerTools software. The groups are shown cyclically and wrap around.
The E Series drive parameters available with the FM-3 keypad are arranged into seven groups
(see list below). Upon power-up the FM-3 will display the default parameter groups
“SECUR” (left soft key) and “QUICK” (right soft key).
•
QUICK (Quick)
•
PROG (Program)
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
•
INDEX (Index)
•
POSN (Position)
•
HOME (Home)
•
JOG (Jog)
•
RAMPS (Ramps)
•
SECUR (Security)
Parameter Screens
After selecting a group using one of the soft keys, the FM-3 will display a Parameter screen
for that group. This screen could be either the first screen in the group or the last screen you
used in that group. The FM-3 keeps track of the last Parameter screen viewed in each group
and returns to that screen when you come back to the group. This is reset on power-up and
the FM-3 displays the first Parameter screen in the group.
In this screen, the parameter name is shown on the first line of the display. The up/down arrow
keys are used to scroll through the parameters available in the selected group.The second line
displays the condition or value of parameters. The third line displays the soft key actions.
The left/right arrow keys are used to scroll through the parameters when the “<“ and “>”
symbols are shown.
Numeric parameter units are sometimes shown before the actual value, because the parameter
value and the units cannot be displayed on one line. The unit of measure will appear on the
second line for about one second. Then the actual parameter value will appear. The parameter
value is updated about five times a second.
How Motion Works
The FM-3 provides three types of motion: jogging, homes and indexing. Only one index, jog
or home may be in process at any given moment (exclusionary motion types). Through
assignments and programs, the FM-3 can sequentially run various motion routines. The
Positive direction parameter affects all motion types by specifying which direction of motor
revolution (CW or CCW) is considered motion in the “+” direction.
How Jogging Works
Jogging produces rotation of the motor at controlled velocities in a positive or negative
direction.
Assignments to jogs are level sensitive such that when the jog input is turned on, jogging
begins and continues jogging until the jog input is removed.
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Operational Overview
Each jog has its own acceleration and deceleration ramp along with a specified velocity.
Jogging has no distance parameter associated with it. If trying to move a specific distance
or to a known position, then an index is used.
Jogging in the opposite direction will move off a travel limit (use Jog + to move off a Travel
Limit -).
Figure 5:
Jog Tab
How Home Works
The Home is used in applications in which the axis must be precisely aligned with some part
of the machine. The Home is initiated in one of three ways: with the Initiate Destination
function found in the Assignments view, through a program, or with the Online tab. A Home
or Define Home is required to set the Absolute Position Valid so that any index to absolute
position can work.
The FM-3 can home the motor to an external sensor, the motor’s encoder marker pulse, or to
a sensor and then to the encoder marker pulse.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Figure 6:
Basic Home Function, Example
The figure above show a basic home function using a ball screw. This example uses most of
the setup features in the PowerTools FM-3 Home tab.
Home Sequence
1.
Back off the sensor (if on the sensor. This step is optional).
2.
Move to the external home sensor to establish a home reference point.
3.
Next it will move to the Offset position.
4.
Then the command and feedback positions are set to the value entered into the End of
Home Position.
Homing to the motor’s encoder marker will establish the most accurate and repeatable home
position. This method will position the motor relative to the location of the rising edge of the
encoder marker pulse. Most applications will use a sensor and marker to find an accurate
home position in the vicinity of the home sensor.
Several parameters affect how the Home function operates. Each of these parameters are
explained in detail on the following pages.
Note
The Home function will NOT be initiated when any other motion command is in progress.
Establishing a Home Reference Position
The first step in setting up a home is to select the desired home reference type. The Home
Reference parameter selected determines how the Home Reference Position is established.
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Operational Overview
PowerTools FM-3 allows selection of one of three different Home References: Sensor,
Marker, or Sensor and Marker.
Sensor
Selecting Sensor means the rising edge of the Home Sensor input function is used to establish
the home reference position.
Figure 7:
Sensor Home Reference Position
Marker
Selecting Marker means the rising edge of the motor’s encoder marker channel is used to
establish the reference position.
Figure 8:
Marker Home Reference Position
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Sensor and Marker
Selecting Sensor and Marker means the reference position is established using the first
marker rising edge after the device sees the rising edge of the Home Sensor input function.
Figure 9:
Sensor and Marker Home Reference Position Example 1
Accuracy and Repeatability
The amount of accuracy your application requires will determine the Home Reference option
you select. Homing to an external sensor only will establish a repeatable home position within
0.08 revolutions at 3000 RPMs (1.6 msec sensor capture interval).
Note
The data above assumes the use of a perfectly repeatable home sensor.
In Sensor and Marker applications, the marker must be at least 1.6msec after the rising edge
of the sensor input to be considered a valid marker pulse.
Note
At 1000 RPM, the motor will travel 0.0266 revolutions (or 9.6°) in 1.6msec.
10
Operational Overview
1600 µsec
Sensor
Marker
Direction of Travel
Figure 10:
Sensor and Marker Home Reference Position Example 2
The Home Sensor must be “On” for at least 1.6 msec to guarantee that it will be recognized.
Sensor Min.
On Time
Sensor
1600 µsec
Figure 11:
Sensor and Marker Home Reference Position Example 3
Home Offset
The Home Offset is the distance from the Reference Position to the final stopping point at the
end of the homing sequence. Regardless of the value you enter for the Offset or which Home
Reference you choose, there is always an offset inherent in the homing process.
The user may either specify a desired offset or allow the drive to calculate an offset
automatically. The drive calculates an offset that guarantees that the motor will not have to
backup to get to the offset position. This is very convenient for unidirectional applications.
The calculated offset is the distance travelled during deceleration ramp from the home
velocity to a stop plus the distance travelled at the home velocity for 1.6msec. This extra
distance is used to guarantee that the motor will not need to backup after the deceleration
ramp.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
The Specified Offset allows the user to choose an exact offset from the Home Reference.
Once the home reference is detected, the device will do whatever is necessary to reach the
offset position. This may be as simple as a deceleration to a stop, a continuation at speed
followed by a deceleration to a stop, or a deceleration followed by a move in the opposite
direction.
To enter a specified home offset, select the Specified Offset radio button. PowerTools FM-3
always displays the calculated offset value as a reference. If the home reference is detected
before the axis has reached its peak velocity, the axis will still continue to the precise offset
position.
Figure 12:
Calculated Home Offset, Peak Velocity Not Reached
If the Home Reference is detected after the axis has reached its peak velocity, the axis will
decelerate to the precise offset position.
Calculated
Home Offset
Figure 13:
12
Calculated Home Offset, Peak Velocity Reached
Operational Overview
Two examples below show operation when the specified offset is greater or less than the
calculated offset. This causes the axis to continue on at speed before decelerating and
stopping at the offset position, or backing up after the home sensor.
Specified
Offset
Figure 14:
Specified Home Offset, Greater than Calculated Offset
Specified
Offset
Figure 15:
Specified Home Offset, Backup Required
End of Home Position
The End of Home Position (End Posn) defines the home position in relation to the machine’s
coordinate system. At the completion of the home, the value of the End of Home Position is
put into the command position.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Home Limit Distance
This parameter places an upper limit on the incremental distance the motor will travel during
the home.
If no reference is found, the system will decelerate and stop at the limit distance. The Home
Limit Distance Hit function will be activated if the home stops at the limit distance without
finding the reference. Additionally, the Home.CommandComplete function will not turn
“On” if the limit distance is hit.
Home Examples
Example 1: Linear Application
In this example, the system uses an external sensor and the motor’s encoder marker channel
to establish a Home Reference Position. This is the most accurate and most common way to
home.
Figure 16:
Home to Sensor and Marker, Example
When the FM-3 sees the Home Initiate, it accelerates the motor to the Home Velocity.
The motor continues at that velocity until it first senses the Home Sensor input. It continues
at the same velocity until the motor’s encoder marker channel is sensed. The rising edge of
the motor’s encoder marker channel is used to establish the reference position. Once the
home reference is detected, the motor decelerates to a stop and moves to the offset position.
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Operational Overview
Home Sequence
1.
If on sensor then back off (if enabled)
2.
Search for sensor
3.
Search for marker
4.
Go to offset (2.0 Revs)
5.
Set feedback position to equal End of Home Position
Velocity
+ 100
+ 100
Back off
Sensor
Time
- 100
Sensor
Figure 17:
Marker
Home Velocity Profile
1
Start of Home
Back Off Sensor
2
Sensor
Marker
Home Move
4
Offset Move
5
Final Position = End of Home Position
2.0 Revs
Offset
Figure 18:
Home Move Sequence
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Example 2: Rotary Application
This example uses an external sensor and the motor’s encoder marker pulse to establish a
home reference position.
Figure 19:
Home Sensor and Marker then Offset, Example
When the device sees the rising edge of the Home Initiate function, it accelerates the motor
to the Home Velocity. The motor continues at that velocity until it first senses the Home
Sensor input. The motor continues on at the home velocity until the marker is activated.
The rising edge of the motor’s encoder marker channel is used to establish the reference
position.
After sensing the rising edge of the motor’s marker channel, the device will continue moving
and will decelerate to a stop at the specified offset position.
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Operational Overview
Figure 20:
Home Velocity Profile
How Indexes Work
An index is a complete motion sequence that moves the motor a specific incremental distance
or to an absolute position. This motion sequence includes an acceleration ramp to a
programmed velocity, a run at velocity, and a deceleration to a stop.
Velocity
Run at Velocity
Acceleration
Deceleration
Time
Figure 21:
Index Motion Sequence
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Figure 22:
Indexes View
Indexes use acceleration and deceleration ramps which may or may not reach the specified
velocity depending on the total distance and the ramp values. For example, a short move with
long acceleration and deceleration ramps may not reach the target velocity entered.
Indexes cannot be initiated when any other motion (jogging, homing, or program) is in
progress. Indexes can be aborted with the Stop destination found in the Ramps group on the
Assignments View.
The FM-3 supports five types of indexes: absolute, incremental, registration, rotary plus and
rotary minus.
Absolute vs. Incremental
The difference between absolute and incremental indexes is that absolute indexes move to a
specific absolute position and incremental indexes move the motor a specific distance. The
figures and explanations below demonstrate this concept.
Note
Home must be executed before an Absolute index will run.
Absolute Indexes
Absolute indexes are used in applications where the motor must travel to a specific position,
regardless of where the motor is when the index is initiated.
18
Operational Overview
The FM-3 calculates the distance required to move to the specified position from the current
position.
Absolute Index
Absolute Index
Start Position = 1 Rev
Index Position = 5 Revs
Figure 23:
Absolute Index Example 1
In the example above, the current position is 1 rev. If this index is initiated, the motor will
travel to a position of 5 revs no matter where it is sitting before the move. From 3 revs, it will
travel 2 revs to finish at 5 revs. If the absolute index to 5 revs is initiated a second time
immediately after the index, no motion will occur because the motor will already be at a
position of 5 revs.
The direction of an Absolute Index is determined by the starting position and the absolute
index position. If the starting position for the above index is 9 revs, then the motor will rotate
in the negative direction to end up at 5 revs. The diagram below shows this.
Absolute Index
Start Position = 9 Revs
Index Position = 5 Revs
Figure 24:
Absolute Index Example 2
Absolute indexes with Rotary Rollover enabled will take the shortest path to the position
entered in the index position parameter.
Note
Absolute indexes move to positions relative to where the machine was homed using the
Home, or the DefineHome destination.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Incremental Indexes
An incremental index will move the motor a specified distance in the + or - direction
regardless of the starting position. The direction of the incremental index motion is
determined by the sign (+ or -) of the Index Distance parameter.
Incremental Index
Incremental Index
Start Position = 1 Rev
Index Distance = 2 Revs
Figure 25:
Incremental Index Example
In the example above, the motor starts at 1 rev, travels a distance of 2 revs and stops at 3 revs.
If the same index is initiated a second time, the FM-3 would move the motor another 2 revs
to a position of 5 revs. If initiated a third time, the motor would travel another 2 revs to a final
position of 7 revs. The example below shows this operation.
Incremental Index
Start Position = 1 Rev
Index Distance = 2 Revs
Figure 26:
Incremental Index Example 2
Registration Index
A Registration Index is used in applications where the motor must move until an object is
detected and then move a specific distance from the point of detection, such as finding a
registration mark and moving a distance beyond.
The Registration Index consists of two parts. The first part accelerates the motor to the target
velocity and continues at this velocity until it receives a registration trigger (sensor or analog).
Upon receipt of a registration trigger, the registration offset will be executed at the target
velocity. The Sensor Limit Distance Hit source can be used to turn on an output, if a sensor
input or analog limit is not received within the Limit Distance. A registration window can
20
Operational Overview
also be used to determine the validity of a registration trigger. If a registration trigger is
received outside of the registration window, it will be ignored.
Rotary Plus and Rotary Minus Indexes
Rotary Plus and Rotary Minus Indexes provide forced directional control of moves to
absolute positions. The position entered for a Rotary Plus or Minus type index must be within
the rotary range (i.e. 0 ≤ Position < Rotary Rollover Point). All other parameters function the
same as they do with absolute indexes. An Absolute Index is a direct move to a specific
position, regardless of the starting point. A Rotary Plus Index moves to the specified position,
but is forced in a positive direction. Similarly, a Rotary Minus index moves to the specific
position, but is forced in a negative direction.
Rotary Plus and Minus Indexes are usually used in rotary applications, therefore the rotary
rollover feature on the Setup - Position view in the PowerTools FM-3 software must be
enabled to use them.
1.
In the following examples the term “D” = (absolute position specified) - (current
position). If “D” is negative, motion in the negative direction is implied.
2.
In the following examples the Rotary Rollover parameter on the Setup - Position view is
set to 360.00°. This means that with each revolution of the motor (or rotary table),
feedback will count up to 359.99°, then roll over to Ø°.
Indexes with Rotary Rollover Enabled
Incremental move distances can be outside of the rotary rollover range. See the Setting
Up Parameters section for an explanation of Rotary Rollover.
Example 1: If the starting position is at Ø° and 720° is the specified distance, an
Incremental index would move 2 revolutions in the positive direction. At the completion
of this index the motor position would be Ø°.
Absolute indexes will take the shortest path to the specified position. Absolute index
positions must be within the rotary rollover range.
Example 2: If the starting position is at 90° and 80° is the specified position, an Absolute
index would travel 10° in the negative direction. At the completion of this index the
motor position would be 80°.
Example 3: If the starting postion is 45° and 315° is the specified postion, an Absolute
index would travel 90° in the negative direction because that is the shortest path between
45° and 315°.
Rotary Plus indexes will move to the specified position and are forced in a positive (or
plus) direction. Rotary Plus index distances must be within the rotary rollover range.
Example 4: As in example 2 above, the starting position is at 90° and 80° is the specified
position. A Rotary Plus index would travel 350° in the positive direction. At the
completion of this index the motor position would be 80°.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Example 5: If the starting postion is 10° and the specified postion is 350°, a Rotary Plus
index will travel 340° in the positive direction.
Rotary Minus indexes move to the specified position, but are forced to travel in the
negative (or minus) direction. Rotary Minus index postions must be within the rotary
rollover range.
Example 6: As in examples 2 and 4 above, the starting position is at 90° and 80° is the
specified position. A Rotary Minus index would travel 10° in the negative direction. At
the completion of this index the motor position would be 80°.
Example 7: If the starting postion is 15° and the specified postion is 270°, a Rotary
Minus index would travel 105° in the negative direction.
How Communications Work
Downloading
Downloading is the process of sending your configuration created with PowerTools FM-3
from the PC to the FM-3 module. Changes made in PowerTools FM-3 will not take effect
until the information has been downloaded or the Update to RAM button has been clicked.
To download information to a FM-3, click on the download button on the PowerTools toolbar
or select download from the Device pull down menu. PowerTools will lead the user through
a series of dialog boxes that determine what baudrate will be used and which communications
port on the user’s PC will be used.
Uploading
Uploading is the process of reading information back from the drive to the PowerTools FM3 configuration screens.
To upload information from a drive, click on the upload button on the PowerTools toolbar or
select upload from the Device pull down menu. This leads the user through a series of dialog
boxes that determine which drive address is to be uploaded.
Updating to RAM
The Update to RAM button can be used to send changes to the FM-3 without performing a
complete download. The Update to RAM button is found in the PowerTools FM-3 toolbar.
This operation will send only those changes that have been made since the last Update to
RAM or Device – Download to the FM-3. The changes will take effect immediately upon
clicking on the button.
22
Operational Overview
Caution
The parameters will be sent to the FM-3 without stopping motion or disabling the drives.
Because of this, it is important to use caution when changing motion parameters while the
motor is in motion.
The Update to RAM button saves the parameters only to RAM and not to Non-Volatile
Memory (NVM). Therefore, if the system power is removed, any changes made using the
Update to RAM button will be lost. In order to save changes to NVM, a full-download must
be performed.
The flowchart below describes a typical process using the Update to RAM to make changes,
and then downloading when complete to save changes to NVM.
Modify Parameters
Click
Update to RAM
Button
YES
NO
More Changes
Figure 27:
Full Download
Update to RAM Flow Chart
The Update to RAM button operates according to the following rules:
If no parameters have been modified by the user, the Update to RAM button will be disabled.
If the user modifies a parameter that does not require a full download, the Update to RAM
icon will be enabled.
If while the icon is enabled, the user modifies a parameter that requires a full download, the
Update to RAM icon will become disabled.
When the user clicks on the Update to RAM icon, all the modified parameters are transmitted
to the FM-3. Once transmitted, the icon will become disabled again until another parameter
is changed.
If the user performs a full download while the button is enabled, when the download is
complete, the Update to RAM button will be disabled.
If the user modifies parameters, and disconnects, the update button will be disabled, and the
changes will not be sent.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Setting Up Parameters
Setup View
The Setup View contains all of the primary system setup parameters. These parameters must
be setup prior to using your system.
By selecting Setup in the hierarchy view, the Setup view will appear in the right side of the
view (see Figure 28). The right part of the view is divided into groups, with an explanation of
each function. The groups are Identification, Configuration, Drive Encoder Output, Positive
Direction, and Status Online.
Figure 28:
Setup View
Identification Group
The identification group consists of the Device Name and the Target Drive Address.
Name
This is a 12-character alpha/numeric user-configured name for this axis. Enter this name for
the device you are currently setting up. Assigning a unique name for each device in your
system allows you to quickly identify a device when downloading, editing, and
troubleshooting. All keyboard characters are valid. This will default to Axis 1.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Target Drive Address
This is the Modbus address of the target drive to which you will download the configuration.
The default target drive address is 1.
Configuration Group
The configuration group consists of list boxes for Drive Type, Motor Type, and Line Voltage.
Drive Type List Box
Select the drive model for the system you are currently setting up.
Motor Type List Box
Select the motor you want to use. Emerson Motion Control PowerTools® FM-3 software will
only display the motor models that are compatible with the drive you selected and any user
defined motors.
Caution
Selecting the wrong motor type can cause poor performance and may even damage the
motor and/or drive.
Line Voltage List Box
Line Voltage specifies the applied power and adjusts the internal gains to compensate for it.
This parameter has two choices: 115 VAC and 230 VAC. If the Line Voltage is set to 230
VAC when the actual applied voltage is 115 VAC, the motor will be slightly less responsive
to commands and load disturbances.
Caution
The Line voltage must never be set to 115 VAC if the applied voltage is actually 230
VAC. This can cause drive instability and failure.
Drive Encoder Output Group
The drive encoder output group consists of the encoder scaling check box and encoder
scaling.
Encoder Scaling Check Box
This check box enables the Scaling parameter of the Drive Encoder Output.
Encoder Scaling
This parameter defines the encoder resolution (lines per revolution) of the drive's encoder
output. This feature allows you to change the drive encoder output resolution in increments
of 1 line per revolution up to the density of the encoder in the motor. If the Encoder Output
26
Setting Up Parameters
Scaling parameter is set to a value higher than the motor encoder density, the drive encoder
output density will equal that of the motor encoder.
Positive Direction Group
The Positive Direction group consists of a clockwise (CW) Motor Rotation Radio Button or
a counter-clockwise (CCW) Motor Rotation Radio Button.
The motion will move in either CW direction or counter-clockwise CCW direction.
Perspective of rotation is defined as you face the motor shaft from the front of the motor.
CW Motor Rotation Radio Button
Select this radio button for applications in which CW motor rotation is considered to be
motion in the positive direction (increasing absolute position).
CCW Motor Rotation Radio Button
Select this radio button for applications in which CCW motor rotation is considered to be
motion in the positive direction (increasing absolute position).
Status Online Tab (Online Only)
The Status Online tab is visible when online and consists of the Motor Position group, Drive
Information group, Motor Velocity group, Module Information group, Master Feedback
group, and the Torque group (shown in figure 26).
Motor Position Group
Position Command
Position command is the commanded motor position sent to the EN drive by the FM-3. This
parameter does not take following error into account. See also PosnFeedback and
FollowingError. Units are in user units.
Position Feedback
Feedback position is the actual motor position in user units. PosnCommand minus the
PosnFeedback is the FollowingError
Following Error
The Following Error is the difference between the Position Command and the Position
Feedback. It is positive when the Position Command is greater than the Position Feedback.
Encoder Position
Motor encoder position in encoder counts. This position reflects the feedback position of the
motor and is not scaled into user units. This is a signed 32 bit value.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Drive Information Group
Firmware Part Number
Displays the part number of the drive firmware you are using.
Firmware Revision
Displays the revision of the drive firmware you are using.
Serial Number
Displays the serial number of the drive with which you are currently online.
Motor Velocity Group
Velocity Command
The Velocity Command is the velocity that the FM-3 drive is commanding the motor to run
at. This command is generated by the drive velocity control loop. It is displayed in user units.
Velocity Feedback
This is the feedback (or actual) velocity. It is calculated using the change in position of the
motor encoder. It will always return the actual motor velocity - even in synchronized
applications in which the master axis is halted during a move.
Module Information Group
Firmware Part Number
Displays the part number of the FM-3 firmware you are using.
Firmware Revision
Displays the revision of the firmware in the FM-3 with which you are currently online.
Serial Number
Displays the serial number of the FM-3 with which you are currently online.
Master Feedback Group
Master Position
Used for synchronized motion, this displays the position of the master encoder in units
defined on the Master Units Setup View.
Encoder Position
This displays the position of the master encoder in counts.
28
Setting Up Parameters
Master Velocity
This displays the velocity of the master encoder in master units/second.
Torque Group
Torque Command
This displays the torque command value before it is limited. The torque command may be
limited by either the Torque Limit (if the Torque Limit Enable destination is active) or current
foldback. Units for this parameter are defined in the Torque Group on the User Units View.
Limited Torque
This is the actual torque commanded to the motor. This value is the result after the
TorqueCommand is limited by the current foldback or the TorqueLimit value (if enabled).
Foldback RMS
This parameter accurately models the thermal heating and cooling of the drive and motor.
When it reaches 100 percent, current foldback will be activated. See the Diagnostics section
for an explanation of foldback.
Shunt Power RMS
This parameter models the thermal heating and cooling of the drive internal shunt. This
parameter indicates the percent of shunt capacity utilization. When this value reaches 100
percent, the drive will generate an RMS Shunt Power Fault. This parameter is not applicable
to the EN-204 which does not have an internal shunt resistor. This parameter is applicable to
the EN-208 and EN-214.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
User Units View
The User Units View is used to scale the desired application units into known values. All
information for distance, velocity, and accel/decel units are set up here and used throughout
the system setup.
By selecting User Units in the hierarchy view, the User Units View will appear on the right
(see Figure 29).
Figure 29:
User Units View
Distance Group
Units Name
This is a 10-character name for the distance user units you want to use in your application.
Decimal Places
The number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of digits after the
decimal point used in all distance and position parameters throughout the software. Using a
high number of decimal places will improve position resolution, but will also limit the
maximum position. You can select from zero to six decimal places of accuracy.
30
Setting Up Parameters
Scaling
A Characteristic Distance and Length must be established to allow the FM-3 to scale user
units back to actual motor revolutions. This scaling factor is as follows:
Characteristic Distance
Scaling =>
Characteristic Length
Characteristic Distance
This is the distance the load travels (in user units) when the motor travels the characteristic
length (in motor revolutions).
Characteristic Length
This is the distance the motor travels (in whole number of revolutions) to achieve one
characteristic distance of load travel.
Distance Scaling Examples
A 1.5" diameter pulley is used to drive a conveyor belt, and the user wishes to use units of
inches instead of revolutions.
Units Name —> Set to Inches
Decimal Places —> Set to desired accuracy 0.000
In one revolution of the motor (or pulley), the belt will travel a distance of one pulley
circumference.
= 1.5" x π
= 1.5 x 3.14...
= 4.712 inches / revolution
Characteristic Distance = 4.712
=>
Characteristic Length = 1
If the user decides to put a 5:1 reducer on the system, they simply need to change the
characteristic length.
Now the belt travels 4.71" in 5 motor revolutions.
Characteristic Distance = 4.712
=>
Characteristic Length = 5
Keep in mind that the characteristic length is always a whole number and the valid range is
from 1 to 2000.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Velocity Group
Enable Separate Distance Units Check Box
If checked, separate distance and velocity units, name and scaling will be enabled. If not
enabled, the velocity units, name and scaling will be defined by the Distance Group.
Scaled Distance Name
If the user wants the velocity units to have a different distance scaling than the distance units
a name can be entered here up to 10 characters. For example, the user distance units could be
inches while the velocity units are feet per minute.
Velocity Distance Units Scale Factor
This parameter scales the Velocity Distance Units back to actual distance units. To do this,
enter the number of distance user units that are equal to one velocity scaled distance unit.
Separate Distance Units Example:
A user has an application using a leadscrew with a 0.5"/turn lead. The user wants to have
Distance Units of Inches, but wants Velocity Units of Feet so motion can be programed in
feet/minute.
Distance Units Name —> Set to Inches
Enable Separate Distance Units —> Enabled (checked)
Scaled Distance Name —> Set to Feet
Velocity Distance Units Scale Factor —> # of Distance Units / 1 Scaled Distance Unit
1 Foot = 12 Inches
=> Velocity Distance Units Scale Factor = 12
Time Scale List Box
The time can be one of two values: seconds or minutes. This selection sets the real-time
velocity time scale.
Decimal Places
The number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of digits after the
decimal point used in all real-time velocity parameters throughout the software. Using a high
number of decimal places will improve velocity resolution, but will also limit the maximum
velocity. You can select from zero to six decimal places of accuracy.
32
Setting Up Parameters
Acceleration Group
Time Scale List Box
From this list box, select the acceleration timescale to be used for all real-time profiles. The time
scale selected will be used for both acceleration and deceleration parameters. You can select from
milliseconds or seconds.
Decimal Places
The number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of digits after the
decimal point used in all real-time accel/decel parameters throughout the software. Using a high
number of decimal places will improve accel/decel resolution, but will also limit the maximum
accel/decel rate. You can select from zero to six decimal places of accuracy.
Torque Group
Units Name
10-character name for the torque user units.
Decimal Places
The number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of digits after the
decimal point used in all torque parameters throughout the software. Using a high number of
decimal places will improve torque resolution, but will also limit the maximum torque. You
can select from zero to six decimal places of accuracy.
Scaling
The amount of torque in user torque units will be set equal to the Percent Continuous Current.
This parameter is used to scale the actual torque back into the user defined units. The units
of this parameter are % ContinuousCurrent. This scaling factor is used along with the user
torque to establish a relationship between torque user units and actual torque.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Master Units View
Master Units setup provides the setup parameters for use with synchronized motion. This
setup window determines how the encoder signals are interpreted and establishes the scaling
for all master units (master distance, master velocity, etc.).
Figure 30:
Master Units View
Encoder Setup Group
Master Source
Master Source indicates the hardware location of the master encoder input. Select module to
use the sync input connector on the FM-3; select drive to use the drive 44-pin command
connector on the E Series drive.
Master Polarity
Master Polarity defines the direction of the master encoder that corresponds to a positive
master position change.
34
Setting Up Parameters
Master Interpretation
Master Interpretation determines how the incoming pulses are seen to generate the
synchronized motion command. This setting allows you to choose the appropriate signal type
to match the device generating the master input pulses.
Drive Input Signal
Drive Input Signal is selected accordingly based on whether the incoming pulses are
Differential (default) or Single Ended.
Output Source
Output Source determines which signal will be sent to the Sync Output connector on the FM3. If Motor Encoder (default) is selected, then the encoder signals from the motor that the
FM-3/En is controlling will be sent out the FM-3 Sync Output connector. If Drive Encoder
Input is selected, then the synchronization signals sent to the Drive 44-pin command
connector will be sent to the FM-3 Sync Output connector. If Module Encoder Input is
selected, then the same signal coming into the FM-3 Sync Input connector will be sent out the
Sync Output connector.
Master Position Setup Group
Define Home Position
Define Home Position is the value that the Master Position Feedback will be set to when the
MasterAxis.DefineHome destination is activated. After the MasterAxis.DefineHome has
been activated, the MasterAxis.AbsolutePosnValid source will activate.
Rotary Rollover Check Box
If checked, the rotary rollover feature for the Master Axis will be enabled.
Rotary Rollover
If enabled, the Master Position will rollover to zero at the value specified here. As the master
encoder counts up, the master position feedback will increase until it reaches the rollover
value and then reset to zero and continue to count up. If rotating in the negative direction, the
master position feedback will decrease until it reaches zero, and then start over at the Rotary
Rollover value.
Master Distance Units
The parameters in this group are used to establish the scaling of the master axis into user units.
Units Name
This is a text string up to 12 characters that will be used to define the units of distance traveled
by the master axis for incoming synchronization signals.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Decimal Places
The number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of digits after the
decimal point used in all distance and position parameters used in synchronized motion
throughout the software. Using a high number of decimal places will improve position
resolution, but will also limit the maximum position. You can select from zero to six decimal
places of accuracy.
Scaling
The scaling factor is defined as MasterAxis.CharacteristicDistance / MasterAxis.Counts. The
numerator (top value of the scaling fraction) is the Characteristic Distance. The denominator
(bottom value of the scaling fraction) is the # of Counts. The Characteristic Distance is the
number of Master Distance Units that will be traveled per number of counts in the bottom of
the fraction. The Counts parameter is the number of incoming pulses it takes to travel the
characteristic distance.
Master Velocity Units
Decimal Places determines the number of decimal places to be used in the velocity parameter
for all synchronized motion.
Velocity Filter
The FM-3 uses a Low Pass Filter to smooth the observed velocity of the master encoder
signal. For synchronized motion, this filter helps to reduce noise in the command changes to
the drive which are based on the observed change of the master encoder. The user can set the
bandwidth (in Hz) of this filter based on the anticipated dynamics of the master encoder. For
a highly dynamic master, the bandwidth should be increased. For stable, slowly changing
masters, the bandwidth can be lowered.
Master Acceleration Units
The number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of digits after the
decimal point used in all real-time accel/decel parameters used for synchronized motion
throughout the software. Using a high number of decimal places will improve accel/decel
resolution, but will also limit the maximum accel/decel rate. You can select from zero to six
decimal places of accuracy.
36
Setting Up Parameters
Position View
The Position View allows you to set up and view the parameters related to drive positioning.
See Figure 31. The left part of the view shows that Position has been selected. The right part
of the view is divided into groups. An explanation of the groups and their functions is
provided below.
Figure 31:
Position View
Settings Group
Define Home Position
This is the value to which the position command will be set when the Define Home
destination is activated. This is used in applications which do not use a home, but is required
to define a known reference point. The units are defined on the User Units View.
In Position
The In Position source will activate at the end of a move if the absolute value of a following
error is less than or equal to the In Position Window for the In Position Time.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
In Position Window
The absolute value of the Following Error must be less than or equal to this value at the end
of an index in order for the InPosn destination to activate. This window is set in units specified
in the User Units View.
For example:
The In Position window is set to .0025 revs. At the end of an index, the following error
is calculated to be .0012 revolutions. Therefore, the InPosn source will activate.
In Position window is set to .001 inches. If at the end of an index, the following error is
calculated to be .0015 inches, then the InPosn source will not activate.
In Position Time
This is the amount of time in seconds that commanded motion must be complete and the
absolute value of the following error must be less than the In Position Window for the InPosn
source to activate. If set to zero (default), then InPosn will activate as soon as motion stops
and the following error is less than the In Position Window parameter.
Limits Group
Enable Following Error Check Box
Check this box to enable (or disable if not checked) the Following Error Limit. If enabled, a
fault will be generated if the absolute value of the following error ever exceeds the value in
the following error parameter. If disabled, a fault will never be generated.
Following Error
The Following Error is the difference between the Position Command and the Position
Feedback. It is positive when the Position Command is greater than the Position Feedback. If
the absolute value of the following error exceeds the value you enter here, the drive will
generate a Following Error Fault (F). All accumulated Following Error will be cleared when
the drive is disabled.
The Following Error Limit is defined in user units.
Enable Software Travel Limits Check Box
Check this box to enable (or disable if not checked) the software travel limits. If unchecked,
the software travel limits are not monitored.
Software Travel Limits
Software Travel limits can be used to limit machine travel. They are often setup inside the
hardware travel limits to add another level of security or protection from exceeding the
machines travel limits. The FM-3 constantly monitors the feedback position, and if this
position exceeds the values entered for Software Travel Limit + or -, then the drive will decel
to a stop. Software Travel Limits are not functional unless the Absolute PosnValid source is
38
Setting Up Parameters
active. Absolute Position Valid is active upon successful completion of a home or the
DefineHome destination is activated.
To recover from a software travel limit, a jog may be commanded in the opposite direction of
travel. For example, if a software travel limit - is hit, then the axis can be jogged in the +
direction.
Software Travel Limit +
If the absolute position is greater than or equal to this value the Software Travel Limit Plus
Active source shall activate.
A rising edge occurs when the absolute position is greater than or equal to the parameter
Software Travel Limit +. A falling edge will be generated as soon as the above is not true.
Software Travel Limit If the absolute position is less than or equal to this value the Software Travel Limit Minus
Activate shall activate.
A rising edge occurs when the absolute position is less than or equal to the parameter
Software Travel Limit -. A falling edge will be generated as soon as the above is not true.
Rotary Group
Rotary Rollover Check Box
Check this box to enable (or disable if not checked) the rotary rollover feature.
Rotary Rollover
This parameter is used in rotary applications and determines the position at which the internal
position counter will be reset to zero.
Example:
The user has a rotary table application with distance user units of degrees, 360.00 degrees/1
rev. The Rotary Rollover would be set to a value of 360°.
The motor is traveling in the positive direction. As the feedback position reaches 359.999 and
continues on, the feedback position will reset (or roll-over) to zero. If the motor changes
direction and travels in the negative direction, the position will rollover at 0 to 359.999
degrees and count down. The resolution of the rotary rollover point is determined by the
Distance Units Decimal Places parameter on the Setup - User Units view in the PowerTools
FM-3 software.
If an absolute index is used with a non-zero rotary rollover point, the FM-3 will calculate the
shortest path to its destination and move in the required direction.
To force the motor to run a certain direction, use the Rotary Plus or Rotary Minus type of
indexes.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Assignments Tab
Displays any assignments to functions on this view that have been made using the
assignments view.
Online Tab
The Online Tab is shown in Figure 31. While online, the following real-time data will be
displayed.
Motor Position Group
Position Command
This is the commanded position in user units generated by the FM-3.
Position Feedback
This is the feedback position of the motor in user units.
Following Error
The Following Error is the difference (in user units) between the Position Command and the
Position Feedback. It is positive when the Position Command is greater than the Position
Feedback.
Encoder Position
The motor position in encoder counts since power up when the value was set to zero. This is
a signed 32-bit value.
40
Setting Up Parameters
Velocity View
The Velocity View allows the setup of feedrate override details.
By selecting Velocity in the hierarchy view, the Velocity View will appear in the right (see
Figure 32).
Figure 32:
Velocity View (Assignments Tab shown)
Settings Group
Feedrate Override
This parameter is used to scale all motion. It can be described as scaling in real time. The
default setting of 100% will allow all motion to occur in real time. A setting of 50% will scale
time so that all moves run half as fast as they do at 100%. A setting of 200% will scale time
so that all moves run twice as fast as they would at 100%. Feed Rate Override is always active
and affects all motion, including accels, decels, and synchronized motion. This parameter
may be modified via Modbus or in a program.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Caution
Using the Update to RAM to change the Feedrate Override will implement the changes
instantly. Instantaneous acceleration changes will result.
Online Tab (not shown)
If online, this view will show the limits group and the velocity group.
Velocity Group
Velocity Command
The Velocity Command is the actual command generated by the FM-3 velocity loop in user
units.
Velocity Feedback
This parameter is the actual feedback motor velocity in user units.
Assignments Tab (shown)
Displays any assignments to functions on this view that have been made on the assignments
view.
42
Setting Up Parameters
Ramps View
The Ramps View contains all setup information for the global acceleration and deceleration
profiles.
By selecting Ramps in the hierarchy view, the Ramps View will appear in the right (see
Figure 33).
Figure 33:
Ramps View
Settings Group
The Settings Group contains the Acceleration Type List Box.
Acceleration Type
Press the arrow by the Acceleration Type list box. It will display the various acceleration
types: 5/8 S-Curve, 1/4 S-Curve, Linear, and S-Curve.
This is used to select the acceleration/deceleration type for all motion (homes, jogs and
indexes). The “S-Curve” ramps offer the smoothest motion, but lead to higher peak acceleration/deceleration rates. “Linear” ramps have the lowest peak acceleration/deceleration
rates but they are the least smooth ramp type. “5/8 S-Curve” ramps and “1/4 S-Curve”
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
ramps use smoothing at the beginning and end of the ramp but have constant (linear) acceleration rates in the middle of their profiles. The “5/8 S-Curve” is less smooth than the “SCurve” but smoother than the “1/4 S-Curve”.
S-Curve accelerations are very useful on machines where product slip is a problem. They
are also useful when smooth machine operation is critical. Linear ramps are useful in applications where low peak torque is critical. Below is a comparison of the 4 ramp types:
S-Curve: Peak Acceleration = 2 x Average Acceleration
5/8 S-Curve: Peak Acceleration = 1.4545 x Average
1/4 S-Curve: Peak Acceleration = 1.142857 x Average Acceleration
Linear: Peak Acceleration = Average Acceleration
Ramps Group
Stop Deceleration
The value you enter here defines the deceleration rate which is used when the Stop destination
is activated. The default is 100 RPM/second.
The Stop destination is found in the Ramps Group in the Assignments view.
Feedhold Decel/Accel
When the Feedhold destination is activated, the motor will decelerate to a stop in the time
specified by the FeedholdDecelTime parameter. When feedhold is cleared, the motor will
accelerate back to speed in the same specified period of time.
Feedhold is a means to halt the motor within a velocity profile and then return to the profile
later at the exact same place in the profile. Feedhold does not ramp and does not decelerate
in terms of velocity. Instead, it stops by decelerating time. For example, if the motor is
running at 50 revs/second and feedhold is activated with 2 seconds specified in the
FeedholdDecelTime parameter, then the motor will actually slow and stop in 2 seconds as
measured time (on a time/velocity profile) goes from 100% to 0%.
Travel Limit Decel
The value entered here is the deceleration ramp that is used when a software or hardware
travel limit is hit.
Assignments Tab
Displays any assignments to functions on this view that have been made on the Assignments
View.
44
Setting Up Parameters
Torque View
The Torque View allows you to edit torque level and limit parameters as well as view realtime
torque values when online.
By selecting Torque in the hierarchy view, the Torque View will appear in the right (see
Figure 34). The right part of the screen is divided into groups. An explanation of the groups
and their functions is provided below.
Figure 34:
Torque View
Settings Group
Torque Level
This parameter sets the activation point for the Torque Level Active source. If set to 100%,
the Torque Level Active source will activate any time the Torque Command reaches or
exceeds 100% continuous. This parameter is specified in Torque User Units.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Limits Group
Torque Limit
This parameter sets the value to which the Torque Command will be limited when the Torque
Limit Enable destination is active. To make the Torque Limit always active, assign the
Torque Limit Enable destination to the Initially Active source on the Assignments view.
Assignments Tab
Displays any assignments to functions on this view that have been made on the Assignments
View.
Online Status Tab
If online, this view will show the Torque Command, Limited Torque, Foldback RMS, and
Shunt Power RMS.
46
Setting Up Parameters
Tuning View
The Tuning View allows you to modify tuning parameters based on specific application
information.
By selecting Tuning in the hierarchy view, the Tuning View will appear in the right (see
Figure 35). The right part of the screen is divided into groups. An explanation of the groups
and their functions is provided below.
For help on calculating tuning parameters and more in-depth tuning information, turn to
“Tuning Procedures” on page 157.
Figure 35:
Tuning View
Load Group
Inertia Ratio
Inertia Ratio specifies the load to motor inertia ratio and has a range of 0.0 to 50.0. If the exact
inertia is unknown, a conservative approximate value should be used. If you enter an inertia
value higher than the actual inertia, the resultant motor response will tend to be more
oscillatory.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Friction
This parameter is characterized in terms of the rate of friction increase per 100 motor RPM.
If estimated, always use a conservative (less than or equal to actual) estimate. If the friction
is completely unknown, a value of zero should be used. A typical value used here is less than
one percent.
Low Pass Filter Group
The Low Pass Filter will reduce machine resonance due to mechanical coupling and other
flexible drive/load components by filtering the command generated by the velocity loop.
Low Pass Filter Enable Checkbox
This enables a Low Pass Filter applied to the output of the velocity command before the
torque compensator. The Low Pass Filter is only active in Pulse and Velocity modes, not in
Torque mode.
Low Pass Frequency
This parameter defines the Low Pass Filter cut-off frequency. Signals exceeding this
frequency will be filtered at a rate of 40 dB per decade. The default value is 600Hz.
Tuning Group
Response
The Response adjusts the velocity loop bandwidth with a range of 1 to 500 Hertz. In general,
it affects how quickly the drive will respond to commands, load disturbances and velocity
corrections. A good value to start with (the default) is 50 Hz. The maximum value
recommended is 80 Hz.
Enable Feedforwards Check Box
When feedforwards are enabled, the accuracy of the Inertia and Friction parameters is very
important. If the Inertia parameter is larger than the actual inertia, the result could be a
significant overshoot during ramping. If the Inertia parameter is smaller than the actual
inertia, following error during ramping will be reduced but not eliminated. If the Friction
parameter is greater than the actual friction, it may result in velocity error or instability. If the
Friction parameter is less than the actual friction, velocity error will be reduced but not
eliminated.
Position Error Integral Group
Time Constant Check Box
This enables the Time Constant parameter.
48
Setting Up Parameters
Time Constant
Position Error Integral is a control term, which can be used to compensate for the continuous
torque required to hold a vertical load against gravity. It is also useful in low speed
applications, which have high friction.
The user configures this control term using the “Position Error Integral Time Constant”
parameter. This parameter determines how quickly the drive will correct for in-position
following error. The time constant is in milliseconds and defines how long it will take to
decrease the following error to 37 percent of the original value. In certain circumstances the
value actually used by the drive will be greater than the value specified here.
Min Time Constant = 1000/Response
For example, with “Response” set to 50, the minimum time constant value is 1000/50 = 20
msec.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Faults View
The Faults View displays any active faults.
See Figure 36. The Faults tab has been selected in the hierarchy view to view the Faults view.
Figure 36:
Faults View
Active Faults Group
The Active Faults group contains the Active Faults window.
Active Faults Window
This window displays any active faults in the system. Those faults which do not require a
reboot can be cleared by clicking on the Reset button. For more detailed fault information,
refer to “Diagnostics and Troubleshooting” on page 169.
50
Setting Up Parameters
PLS View
The PLS View allows users to define Programmable Limit Switches (PLS) for advanced
machine operation.
By selecting PLS in the hierarchy view, the PLS View will appear in the right (see Figure 37).
Figure 37:
PLS View
A PLS can be used to turn on or off a bit based on feedback position, commanded position,
or master feedback position. Eight global PLS’s are available for a single application. To
operate a PLS, first it must be enabled (see the PLS enable destinations in the assignments
view) and then the Absolute Position Valid source must be active. Each PLS has its own
OnPoint and Off Point, as well as a Rollover Point.
The terms OnPoint and Off Point assume movement in the positive direction. Those labels
should be reversed if traveling in the negative direction.
Number of PLS Points
This parameter determines the number of PLS Points that will be used. Count always begins
with 0, so 5 points will be 0 to 4. Up to eight PLS points may be used simultaneously.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Source
The source of a PLS can be assigned to the motor axis (MotorPosnFeedback,
MotorPosnCommand) or a master synchronization signal (MasterPosnFeedback). The term
motor axis refers to the motor being controlled by the FM-3/drive combination. The source
list box is used to select the source for the individual PLS.
On Point
PLS.#.Status will be active when the selected source position is between the PLS.#.OnPosn
and the PLS.#.OffPosn. Assume that the PLS.#.Direction is set to "Both". When traveling in
the positive direction and the feedback position executes the OnPosn, the PLS.#.Status will
activate. As the motor continues in the same direction, the PLS.#.Status will deactivate when
feedback position reaches or exceeds the OffPosn. If motor travel changes to the negative
direction, the PLS.#.Status will activate when the feedback position reaches the OffPosn, and
will deactivate when it continues past the OnPosn. All on/off positions are defined in user
units.
PLS.#.Status will be active if:PLS.#.OnPosn < Feedback Position ≤ PLS.#.OffPosn
Off Point
PLS.#.Status will be active when the selected source position is between the PLS.#.OnPosn
and the PLS.#.OffPosn. Assume that the PLS.#.Direction is set to "Both". When traveling
in the positive direction and the feedback position reaches the OnPosn, the PLS.#.Status will
activate. As the motor continues in the same direction, the PLS.#.Status will deactivate when
feedback position reaches or exceeds the OffPosn. If motor travel changes to the negative
direction, the PLS.#.Status will activate when feedback position reaches the OffPosn, and will
deactivate when it continues past the OnPosn.
PLS.#.Status will be active if:PLS.#.OnPosn < Feedback Position ≤ PLS.#.OffPosn
If using negative values for your OnPosn and OffPosn, the most negative value should go in
the OnPosn parameter, and the least negative value should go in the OffPosn.
If the PLS has a rollover point, and the OnPosn is greater than the OffPosn, the PLS will be
active whenever the position feedback is not between the On and Off positions, and in-active
whenever the position feedback is between the two positions. However, the PLS.#.Status will
not turn on until it reaches the OnPosn the first time.All on/off positions are defined in user
units.
Direction
This parameter specifies the direction of motion that a particular PLS output will function. If
set to Both, the PLS will activate regardless of whether the motor (or master motor) is moving
in the positive or negative direction. If set to Plus, the PLS will activate only when the motor
is moving in the positive direction. If set to Minus, the PLS will activate only when the motor
is moving in the negative direction.
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Setting Up Parameters
For example, a flying cutoff or flying shear application may use this feature to activate the
PLS to fire the knife only when the axis is moving in the positive direction.
Rotary Enable
This parameter is used to enable the RotaryRolloverPosn for this PLS.
Rollover Point
This parameter is the absolute position of the first repeat position for this PLS. When enabled
it causes the PLS to repeat every time this distance is passed. The repeating range begins at
an absolute position of zero and ends at the RotaryRolloverPosn.
For example, in a rotary application a PLS could be setup with an OnPosn of 90 degrees and
an OffPosn of 100 degrees. If the RotaryRolloverPosition is set to 360 degrees the PLS would
come on at 90, go off at 100, go on at 450 (360+90), go off at 460 (360+100), go on at 810
(2*360+90), go off at 820 (2*360+100), and continue repeating every 360 degrees forever.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
I/O Setup Group
The I/O Setup group contains four views that control input and output functions as well as
other drive functions. These views are as follows: Selector, Assignments, Input Lines and
Output Lines. These can be viewed by expanding I/O Setup by simply clicking on any one of
the setup views underneath the I/O Setup.
Selector View
The selector View is located under I/O Setup in the hierarchy on the left of the view.
Figure 38:
Selector View
The selector allows conservation of the number of input lines by using a binary input
conversion to decimal. The binary select lines are set up by assigning sources to the
selector.select destinations on the Assignments view. In most cases, hardware inputs are
assigned to the selector.select functions (see Figure 38).
Based on the status of the binary select lines, a selector.selection source will be active when
the Selector.SelectorInitiate destination is activated.
At the top of the Selector view, the Selector Input Destinations field defines how many binary
select lines will be used. The number of Selector.Selections is a direct result of the number of
select lines. The formula is as follows:
# of selections = 2n where n is the number of select lines.
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Setting Up Parameters
The maximum number of select lines is eight.
Once you have determined how many select lines you want, the assignments to these
Selector.Select lines must then be made in the Assignments view.
Figure 39:
Assignment View
For example, if we entered 2 for the number of Input Destinations, we would have 4 selection
lines (Selector.Selection0 through Selector.Selection3). The Selector.Selection number that
is activated is determined by the status of the Selector.Select lines when the Selector.Selector
Initiate bit is activated. Each select line has a specific binary value.
The binary value is determined as follows:
Sn x 2n where Sn = Status of Selector.Select line n
Sn = 0 if Selector.Select line n is inactive, and
Sn = 1 if Selector.Select line n is active
The sum of all the binary values determines which Selector.Selection line will be active.
The following examples demonstrate how to determine which Selector.Selection will activate
based on the Selector.Select lines.
Example 1:
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
If Selector.Select2 is active, Selector.Select1 is inactive, and Selector.Select0 is active, then
the total binary value is as follows:
S2 = 1, S1 = 0, and S0 = 1. Therefore,
Total Binary Value = (1 x 22) + (0 x 21) + (1 x 20)
Total Binary Value = 4 + 0 + 1
Total Binary Value = 5
Therefore, when Selector.SelectorInitiate activates, then Selector.Selection5 will activate.
Example 2:
If Selector.Select2 is inactive, Selector.Select1 is active, and Selector.Select0 is active, then
the total binary value would be as follows:
S2 = 0, S1 = 1, and S0 = 1. Therefore,
Total Binary Value = (0 x 22) + (1 x 21) + (1 x 20)
Total Binary Value = 0 + 2 + 1
Total Binary Value = 3
Therefore, Selector.Selection3 would activate.
The Selector.Select lines can change without any action until the Selector.SelectorInitiate
destination is activated.
Selector.Selection sources can be tied to any destination in the Assignments view. Figure 39
shows the four selection lines being tied to Index 0 through Index 3 initiates. By doing this,
we could initiate up to four indexes with only two select lines and a selector initiate. This can
help minimize the number of inputs required to initiate a large number of indexes or
programs.
Assignments
External control capability is provided through the use of assignments to the sources (Drive
Inputs and Module Inputs) or the destinations (Drive Outputs and Module Outputs).
Assignments provide a mechanism for the user to define the internal and external dynamic
control structure to separate complex motion profiles. These functions directly correspond to
any input or output line on the drive or the FM-3. External controllers, such as a PLC or other
motion controllers, may be connected to affect or monitor the device’s operation.
E Series drives are equipped with five optically isolated input lines (one dedicated to a Drive
Enable function) and three optically isolated output lines. The FM-3 has an additional eight
input and four output lines.
56
Setting Up Parameters
The E Series drive’s input and output lines can be accessed through the removable 10-pin I/
O connector (J6), or through the 44-pin command connector (J5). The FM-3 input and output
lines are located on the front of the FM-3 module.
All inputs and outputs are configured as sourcing and are designed to operate from a +10 to
30 VDC power source. You are responsible for limiting the output current to less than 200
mA for each digital output.
Assignments View
The Assignments View not only displays information but also makes assignments regarding
the source and the destination.
Figure 40:
Assignments View
The Assignments View is used to tie a source to a destination. Destinations are functions
that need to be triggered, such as Index Initiates, Program Initiates, Jog Initiates and so
on.
Sources are located on the left side of the Assignment View and reflect events that occur
in the drive. These events are based on drive activity. By expanding individual groups,
you will see more detailed parameters. For example, if you expand the Inputs source
group, you will see DriveInput.1 through ModuleInput.8, as shown in Figure 40. You can
use these events to trigger certain actions (or destinations) on the right side of the view.
To make an assignment in the FM-3 module occur, you must tie a source to a destination.
Any source can be tied to any destination to create the desired system operation.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Creating An Assignment:
Various methods will tie a source (such as DriveInput.1) to a destination, such as
Index.0.Initiate:
Drag and Drop Method
First, position your pointer over the source on the left that you wish to assign to the destination
on the right. Press the left mouse button while over the source, and hold the button down.
While holding the left button down, drag the source over until your pointer is positioned over
the desired destination and release the left mouse button.
Destinations can also be dragged over to sources.
Assign Button Method
Click on both the source and destination you wish to assign to each other. Once both are
highlighted, the Assign button in the lower left corner of the view will become enabled. Click
on the Assign button to complete the assignment. Figure 41 shows the source and destination
highlighted, and the Assign button has just been clicked.
Once an assignment has been made, you will see the “Assigned to..” and the “Set From”
columns be filled in for the specific sources and destinations. This indicates what
destination(s) an individual source has been assigned to, and what source(s) an individual
destination is assigned to.
Any source can be assigned to up to three different destinations maximum. Any destination
can have as many sources as desired assigned to it.
Deleting An Assignment
Delete Button Method
Click on both the source and destination your wish to delete. Once both are highlighted, the
Delete button will become available. Click on the Delete button to remove the assignment.
Right Click Method
Position the pointer over the specific assignment you with to delete and click the right mouse
button. A selection box will appear. From this selection box, choose Delete.
After either of these procedures, the assignment will disappear.
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Setting Up Parameters
Figure 41:
Tying a Source to a Destination
Assignment Polarity
The active state of an assignment can be programmed to be Active Off, Active On, or Custom
using PowerTools FM-3. Making an assignment “Active On” means that the destination will
be active when the source it is assigned to becomes active, and is inactive when the source is
inactive. Making an assignment “Active Off” means that the destination will be active when
the source it is assigned to is inactive, and will be inactive when the source is active.
The polarity of the assignment can also be changed to Custom when required. Custom
polarity allows you to make a destination activate and deactivate based on two different
sources.
Note
Destination functions which initiate motion (Jog.PlusInitiate, Jog.MinusInitiate,
Index.#.Initiate, and Home.#.Initiate) cannot be set “Active Off”.
Default polarity for a new assignment is Active On. Two methods will change the polarity of
an assignment.
Polarity Button Method
Click on both the source and the destination to be changed. Once highlighted, the Polarity
button will become available in the lower right corner of the view. Click on the Polarity button
and change the settings as desired in the Polarity edit box. Click OK to apply the changes.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Right Click Method
Position the pointer over the specific assignment you with to change polarity for and click the
right mouse button. A selection box will appear. From this selection box, choose Polarity. A
Polarity edit box will appear. Change the Polarity settings as desired and click OK to apply
the changes.
User Level
The User Level filters the available assignments. The User Level is changed on the Options
menu at the top of the PowerTools toolbar. Choose Options/Preferences/User Levels. Easy
mode filters out all but the most commonly used sources and destinations. Detailed mode
filters out less, expanding the list of sources and destinations for more complex
configurations. Too Much mode does not filter at all and provides all sources and
destinations.
Input Lines View
The Input Lines View displays any functions that have been assigned to the drive or module
hardware inputs. See Figure 42.
Note
No assignments can be made using the Input Lines View, assignments are only displayed
in the Input Lines View.
Figure 42:
Input Lines View
Two functions can be performed on the Input Lines view.
60
Setting Up Parameters
Name
You can assign a descriptive name to each input and make the setup easier to follow. The
length of the text string is limited by the column width with a maximum of 12 characters.
Simply double click on the Name field of any input line to assign a name to it.
Debounce
You can program a “Debounce Time” to any input line, which means the motion profile will
need to be steady for at least the debounce time before it is recognized. This feature helps
prevent false triggering in applications in noisy electrical environments. At the end of the
debounce time, the next action can occur.
Figure 43:
Input Line Diagram
If the Input Line attached to the home sensor is debounced, the actual rising edge of the Home
Sensor is used to determine the Home Reference Position (the debounce time ensures a
minimum pulse width).
Output Lines View
The Output Lines View displays any functions that have been assigned to the drive or module
hardware outputs. See Figure 44.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Figure 44:
Output Lines View
Names
Descriptive text names can be assigned to individual output lines to make the setup easier to
follow.
Motion Group
All motion parameters related to Jogs, Homes, and Indexes are located in the Motion
hierarchy group.
Motion views will use units that correspond to Realtime or Synchronized motion. This choice
is made on each motion view. The units are customized in the Setup Group: Realtime units
are defined on the User Units View, and Synchronized units are defined on both the User
Units View and the Master Units View.
Each of the motion views, when online, have an Online tab that displays feedback information
and provides buttons to initiate motion.
Jog View
Jogging produces rotation of the motor at controlled velocities in a positive or negative
direction. The jog is initiated with the Jog.#.Initiate destination or from a program.
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Setting Up Parameters
Figure 45:
Jog Tab
Jog Number
This scroll box allows you to select between Jog0 and Jog1 setup views.
Jog Name
This is a descriptive character string which can be assigned to the specific jog. Giving a name
to a jog can make the motion setup easier to follow.
Time Base
This list box allows the user to select the time base for the individual jog. The options are
Realtime and Synchronized.
Jog Velocity
This parameter specifies the target jog velocity for the individual Jog. The motor will run at
this velocity when jogging with an assignment or through a program. This value is always
positive. The direction of the jog is determined by using the Jog.PlusInitiate or the
Jog.MinusInitiate, which jog in the positive or negative directions respectively.
Jog Acceleration
This is the acceleration ramp used when initiating this individual Jog. If S-Curve ramps are
used, then this is the average acceleration rate for the entire ramp. The units for the
acceleration are setup in the Setup - User Units view in PowerTools FM-3.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Jog Deceleration
This is the deceleration ramp used when stopping this individual Jog. If S-Curve ramps are
used, then this is the average deceleration rate for the entire ramp. The units for the
deceleration are setup in the Setup - User Units view in PowerTools FM-3.
Jog Sources and Destinations
Sources
Jog.AnyCommandComplete
The Jog.AnyCommandComplete source will activate when either Jog0 or Jog1 completes its
deceleration ramp, and reaches zero commanded velocity. It will deactivate when any Jog is
initiated again. If the Stop destination is used during a Jog, then the
Jog.AnyCommandComplete will not activate.
Jog.#.Accelerating
This source is active while a jog is accelerating to its target velocity. Once the Jog reaches the
target velocity, the Jog.#.Accelerating source will deactivate.
Jog.#.AtVel
This source activates when the individual jog reaches its target velocity. It deactivates when
a jog deceleration ramp begins.
Jog.#.CommandInProgress
The Jog.#.CommandInProgress source is active throughout an entire jog profile. The source
activates at the beginning of a jog acceleration ramp, and deactivates at the end of a jog
deceleration ramp.
Jog.#.CommandComplete
The Jog.#.CommandComplete source will activate when the specific jog completes its
deceleration ramp. It will remain active until the specific jog is initiated again. If the Stop
destination is used during a Jog, then the Jog.#.CommandComplete will not activate.
Jog.#.Decelerating
This source is active while a jog is decelerating from its’ target velocity. Once the Jog reaches
zero velocity (or its new target velocity), the Jog.#.Decelerating source will deactivate.
Destinations
The following destination functions can be found in the Assignments view under the I/O setup
group:
Jog.PlusActivate
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Setting Up Parameters
When this destination is activated, jogging motion will begin in the positive direction. The
jog velocity is determined by whether the specified jog (specified by Jog.Select0) is active or
not. A jog stops when this destination is deactivated.
Jog.MinusActivate
When this destination is activated, jogging motion will begin in the negative direction. The
jog velocity is determined by whether the specified jog (specified by Jog.Select0) is active or
not. A jog stops when this destination is deactivated.
Jog.Select0
This destination is used to select between Jog0 and Jog1. When the Jog.Select0 destination is
not active, the target velocity for the jog is the Jog.0.Velocity. If the Jog.Select0 destination
is active, the target velocity of the jog is the Jog.1.Velocity. Jog.Select0 can be toggled “On”
or “Off” while jogging. Jog acceleration and deceleration ramps are used to ramp between jog
velocities.
Below is a description of jog operation using these destinations.
Note
In the table below Jog.0.Velocity = 100 RPM and Jog.1.Velocity = 500 RPM.
Jog.PlusActivate
Jog.MinusActivate
Jog.Select0
Off
Off
Off
Motion
0 RPM
On
Off
Off
+100 RPM
Off
On
Off
-100 RPM
On
Off
On
+500 RPM
Off
On
On
-500 RPM
On
On
Off
0 RPM
On
On
On
0 RPM
All Jog destinations are level sensitive.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Figure 46:
Jog Activation
0
Figure 47:
Jog Select Details
If the Jog direction is reversed, the Jog.#.Decel value will be used to decelerate the motor to
zero speed and then the Jog.#.Accel will be used to accelerate to the new (opposite sign)
velocity.
Note
The Jog destinations cannot be initiated when any other motion type (homing, indexing,
or programs) is in progress.
If both jog input functions are “On” there is no motion after a jog deceleration (they
effectively cancel each other). The drive’s display will show “R”, for ready.
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Setting Up Parameters
If the device is jogging with the Jog.PlusActivate destination active and the
Jog.MinusActivate destination activates, the motor will behave the same as if it would if
Jog.PlusActivate just deactivated.
The Stop destination (found under the Ramps group in the Assignments view) will override
the Jog operation and decelerate the motor to zero speed at the stop deceleration rate.
If the motor reaches a Travel Limit, you can Jog off the Travel Limit in the opposite direction.
(Use Jog.PlusActivate to move off a Travel Limit -).
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Home View
The Home is used in applications in which the axis must be precisely aligned with some part
of the machine. The Home is initiated with the Home.#.Initiate Destination or from a
program.
Figure 48:
Home View, Online
Home Number
The Home Number parameter displays which home sequence you are editing and allows you
to scroll through multiple home sequences using the up and down arrows. The first release
only allows for one home sequence.
Name
Allows you to assign a descriptive name to the home sequence up to 10 characters in length.
Home Reference
This parameter determines the signal used as the reference. The parameter can have one of
three different values: 'Sensor', 'Marker', or 'Marker then Sensor'. When the home reference
is 'Sensor' the rising edge of the 'Home.#.SensorTrigger' destination is used to establish the
home position. When the home reference is 'Marker' the rising edge of the motor encoder's
marker channel is used to establish the home position. When the home reference is 'Sensor
then Marker' the home position is established using the first marker rising edge after the
Home.#.SensorTrigger destination activates.
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Setting Up Parameters
Time Base
Selects the Time Base for the home move velocity and acceleration/deceleration. Real-time
and sync are the allowed selections.
Velocity
Sets the target velocity for the home. The polarity determines the home direction. Positive
numbers cause motion in the positive direction and negative numbers cause motion in the
negative direction in search of the home reference.
Acceleration
Average Acceleration rate used during the home. Units are specified on the User Units page.
Deceleration
This is the average Deceleration rate used at the end of the Home move in user units.
If on sensor... Group
These radio buttons determine how the system reacts if the Home.#.SensorTrigger is already
active when the home is initiated.
’Back off before homing’ Radio Button
If this radio button is set, the drive will back off the sensor before beginning the home. It does
this by moving the direction opposite to that specified by the sign of the home velocity. It
continues moving in this direction at the target home velocity until the sensor goes
deactivates. The motor then decelerates to a stop and performs a standard home.
’Go forward to next sensor’ Radio Button
If this radio button is set, then the system will ignore the sensor that is active when the home
is initiated, and move in the proper direction until the first low to high transition of the Home
Reference signal.
Home Offset Group
The Home Offset group has two buttons, the calculated Offset Radio Button and the Specified
Offset Radio Button.
Calculated Offset Radio Button
The calculated offset is defined as the distance traveled during deceleration ramp from the
home velocity to a stop plus the distance traveled at the home velocity for 1600µs. This extra
distance is used to guarantee that the motor will not need to backup after the deceleration
ramp.
Specified Offset Radio Button
The specified offset allows the user to choose an exact offset from the Home Reference point.
The commanded motion will stop at exactly the offset distance away from the reference point
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
as specified. If the specified offset is smaller than the calculated offset, the motor will
decelerate to a stop and then back up to its final offset position.
Limit Distance
LimitDistEnable
This checkbox enables the specified Home Limit Distance.
The Limit Distance parameter places an upper limit on the incremental distance traveled
during a home. If no home reference is found in this distance, the motor will decelerate to a
stop at the limit distance and activate the Home.#.LimitDistHit source.
End of Home Position
This parameter defines the position at the completion of the home. This defaults to 0.0 such
that at the end of a home, the Feedback Position and the Commanded Position are set to 0.0.
If you wish your Feedback Position to be something other than 0.0 at the end of a home, then
enter the exact desired position here.
Below is a diagram of a home using the "Back off before homing" radio box, a Home
Reference of "Sensor", and using a "Calculated Offset".
Home
Sensor
Input
Off
On
On
Off
Velocity
Back off
Sensor Move
Time
Start of Normal
Home Routine
Home Reference
Position
Figure 49:
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Home Reference Position
Setting Up Parameters
Home Sources and Destinations
Sources
Home.AbsolutePosnValid
This source is activated when a Home is successfully completed. It indicates that the device
has been homed properly. It is will be deactivated by the Home.#.Initiate destination, an
encoder fault, a reboot, or when the device is powered down.
Home.AnyCommandComplete
This source is activated when any home motion command is completed. If a drive stop
destination is activated before the home has completed, this source will not activate. It will
be deactivated when another home is initiated.
Home.#.Accelerating
This source is active while a home is accelerating to its target velocity. Once the home reaches
the target velocity, the Home.#.Accelerating source will deactivate. This source will also
activate during the "back off sensor" motion before the actual home.
Home.#.AtVel
This source activates when the home reaches its target velocity. It deactivates when a home
deceleration ramp begins. Home.#.AtVel will not be activated during the "back off sensor"
portion of the home.
Home.#.CommandComplete
The Home.#.CommandComplete source will activate when the specific home completes its
deceleration ramp. It will remain active until the specific home is initiated again. If the drive
stop destination is used during a home, then the Home.#.CommandComplete will not
activate.
Home.#.CommandInProgress
Activated when the Home is initiated and remains active until all motion related to the Home
has completed.
Home.#.Decelerating
This source is active while a home is decelerating from its target velocity. Once the home
reaches zero velocity (or its’ new target velocity), the Home.#.Decelerating source will
deactivate. This source will also activate during the "back off sensor" motion before the actual
home.
Home.#.LimitDistHit
This source is activated when the home reference is not found before the Home Limit
Distance is traveled. It will remain active until the home is initiated again.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Destinations
Home.#.Initiate
The Home.#.Initiate destination is used to initiate the home function. The Home is initiated
on the rising edge of this function. The device will not initiate a Home if there is an Index,
Jog, or Program in progress, or if the Stop destination is active or if a travel limit is active.
Home.#.SensorTrigger
This destination is required to be used if you are homing to a sensor. This destination is edge
sensitive. The home position is determined when the Home Sensor destination is activated.
If the device receives a Home.#.Initiate input while the Home.#.SensorTrigger is active, you
can choose to have the motor “back-off” of the home sensor before it initiates the home
function, or move forward to the next sensor.
If debounce is used on the hardware input that the Home.#.SensorTrigger is assigned to, the
debounce determines the length of time the input must be active to be considered a valid input.
The rising edge of the sensor is still used for the reference position. This maintains accuracy
while providing the ability to ignore false inputs.
Index View
An index is a complete motion sequence that moves the motor a specific incremental distance
or to an absolute position. The index is initiated with the Index.#.Initiate destination or from
a program.
Figure 50:
72
Index View
Setting Up Parameters
Index Number
The Index Number parameter selects the index number with a scroll box.
Index Name
The User can specify an Index name of up to 12 alphanumeric characters. This allows
assigning a descriptive name to each index indicating different machine operations.
IndexType
Select the index type from Incremental, Absolute, Registration, Rotary Plus, or Rotary Minus.
Click the down arrow on the parameter list box to select the desired type of Index profiles, as
follows:
Incremental Indexes run a specified distance from the current position.
Absolute Indexes move to an exact position with respect to the home reference point. The
absolute index could run in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction dependent on the
current position when it is initiated.
A Registration Index runs at the specified velocity until a registration sensor is seen or until
it reaches the Registration Limit Distance. If a Registration Sensor is seen, then the index runs
an additional Registration Offset distance.
Rotary Plus and Rotary Minus type indexes are typically used in applications which use rotary
rollover. These absolute indexes are forced to run in a specific direction regardless of the
starting point.
TimeBase
This list box selects the Time Base for the index velocity and acceleration/deceleration. Realtime and sync are the allowed selections.
Distance/Position
The Distance/Position parameter is a signed value which specifies the distance the index will
travel (incremental index) or the absolute position the index will move to (absolute index). In
the case of an incremental index, this parameter also determines the direction the index will
travel. If an index type of Registration is selected, then this is a limit distance, or the
maximum distance the index will travel if a registration sensor is not seen.
Velocity
This sets the target velocity for the index profile. The velocity parameter is unsigned and must
be greater than zero. Direction of the index is not determined by the velocity, but by the
Distance/Position parameter.
Acceleration
Average Acceleration rate used during the index. Units are specified on the User Units page.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Deceleration
The Deceleration parameter specifies the deceleration value to be used during the index in
user units.
Enable Index PLS
This check box enables (when checked) or disables the Index PLS function.
An Index PLS is similar to a global PLS (explained in the PLS View section), but is
incremental in nature. The Index PLS has On and Off points just like a global PLS, but the
On and Off points are specified as an incremental distance from the start of the index, instead
of absolute positions. Each index has its’ own On and Off points, and the Index.#.PLSStatus
is only updated when Index# is run. The direction of the PLS does not matter, the
Index.#.PLSStatus will activate and deactivate the same incremental distance from the start
of the index.
PLS On Point
This parameter is an incremental distance from the start position of the index, at which the
PLS.#.Status will become active. It is an unsigned value in user units. The On Point must
always be less than the Off Point.
PLS Off Point
This parameter is an incremental distance from the start position of the index, at which the
PLS.#.Status will deactivate. It is an unsigned value in user units. The Off Point must always
be greater than the On Point. If the Off Point is larger than the Distance parameter in an
Incremental type of index, the PLS Status will never deactivate until the index is run again.
Example 1:
Index 0 is an Incremental index with a distance of 5 Revs. The PLS On Point is set to 1 Rev,
and the PLS Off Point is set to 4 Revs. A home is completed, and Position Feedback is equal
to 0.0 Revs.
If Index 0 is run, the Index.0.PLSStatus will activate when the feedback position reaches 1
Rev and remain active until feedback position reaches 4 Revs, and deactivate. At the end of
Index 0, position feedback is equal to 5 Revs. If we initiate Index 0 again, Index.0.PLSStatus
will activate 1 Rev into the index, or at 6 Revs. It will remain active until position feedback
reaches 9 Revs, and deactivate. This index could be run over and over again, and
Index.0.PLSStatus will activate 1 Rev from the starting position and deactivate 4 Revs from
the starting position every time.
Example 2:
Index 1 is an Incremental index with a distance of -10 revs. The PLS On Point is set to 4 Revs,
and the PLS Off Point is set to 6 Revs. A home is completed, and Position Feedback is equal
to 0.0 Revs.
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Setting Up Parameters
If Index 1 is run, the Index.1.PLSStatus will activate when the position feedback reaches -4
Revs (or 4 Revs from the start of the index). Index.1.PLSStatus will then deactivate when
position feedback reaches -6 Revs (or 6 Revs from the start of the index). If Index 1 is run
again, Index.1.PLSStatus will activate and deactivate at -14 Revs and -16 Revs respectively.
Index PLS’s can be used on any type of an index.
If an index is so short (possible in the case of an absolute index) that it reaches the On Point,
or incremental distance, into the index, but never reaches the Off Point, the Index.#.PLSStatus
will remain active until the index is run again.
Similarly, if the index is so short that it never reaches the On Point, the Index.#.PLSStatus
will never activate.
Registration Parameters
The following parameters are only used if Registration is selected as the Index Type.
’Analog’ or ’Sensor’ Radio Buttons
Select one of these radio buttons to determine what signal will be used as your registration
trigger.
If ’Sensor’ is selected, a source must be assigned to the Index.#.SensorTrigger Typically a
proximity sensor is wired to a hardware input, and therefore a module or drive input source
is assigned to the Index.#.SensorTrigger, but any source can be used.
If ’Analog’ is selected, one of the analog signals must be selected in the analog list box.
Available selections are Torque Command or Torque Feedback. Then a comparison operator
must be selected from the operator list box. Available selections are > (greater than) and <
(less than). Last, an analog value must be entered for comparison.
Registration Offset
The incremental distance the motor will travel after a valid registration sensor or analog limit
value has been detected.
Enable Registration Window
This check box enables (if checked) the Registration Sensor Valid Window. When active,
only registration marks that occur inside the registration window are seen as valid.
Window Start
This parameter defines the start of the Registration Sensor Valid Window relative to start
position of this index. This is an unsigned value and is relative only to starting position of this
index. Index direction does not affect this parameter. The Registration Window Start position
(or distance) should be less than the Registration Window End position. If a registration
sensor is seen outside of this window (not between the WindowStart and WindowEnd
positions) then it will be ignored.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Window End
This parameter defines the end of the Registration Sensor Valid Window relative to start
position of this index. This is an unsigned value and is relative only to starting position of this
index. Index direction does not affect this parameter. The Registration Window End position
(or distance) should be greater than the Registration Window Start position. If a registration
sensor is seen outside of this window (not between the WindowStart and WindowEnd
positions) then it will be ignored.
Example:
Index 0 is defined as a Registration type of index. The user wants the index to run at velocity
for 10 Revs, or until the Torque Feedback reaches 50% continuous torque and then continue
for another 0.5 Revs.
In the Limit Distance parameter, enter 10.0
On the registration tab, select the Analog radio button.
In the analog list box, select Torque Command
In the comparison operator list box, select ">"
In the analog value parameter, enter 50 (Units are established on the User Units view)
In the Registration Offset parameter, enter 1.5
This index would accelerate up to its’ target velocity, and run at speed until one of the
following:
The Limit Distance is approaching, and the index decels down to zero velocity, completing
the move at the Limit Distance. At this point, the Index.#.LimitDistHit source would activate.
Or,
The Torque Command reaches or exceeds 50% continuous, and the index continues at speed
before decelerating to zero velocity at the registration point plus the Registration Offset
distance.
If the Registration Offset distance is in the opposite direction from the move, or is so short
that the motor cannot stop in the specified distance at the programmed deceleration rate, the
motor will decelerate with the programmed ramp, and then back-up to the specified position
(registration point + the Registration Offset).
Index Sources and Destinations
Sources
Index.AnyCommandComplete
Active when any index motion command is completed. If a stop is activated before the index
has completed, this destination will not activate. Deactivated when any new index command
is initiated.
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Setting Up Parameters
Index.#.Accelerating
This source is active while an index is accelerating to its’ target velocity. Once the index
reaches the target velocity, or begins to decelerate, the Index.#.Accelerating source will
deactivate.
Index.#.AtVel
This source activates when the target index velocity is reached. If Feedrate override is
changed or FeedHold is activated AtVelocity shall remain active. Index.#.AtVel will
deactivate at the start of any deceleration or acceleration. During a synchronized index, this
source could be active even without any motor motion if the master axis stops.
Index.#.Command Complete
The Index.#.CommandComplete source will activate when the specific index completes its
deceleration ramp. It will remain active until the specific index is initiated again. If the drive
stop destination is used during an Index, then the Index.#.CommandComplete will not
activate.
Index.#.Command In Progress
The Index.#.CommandInProgress source is active throughout an entire index profile. The
source activates at the beginning of the index acceleration ramp, and deactivates at the end of
the index deceleration ramp. During a synchronized index, this source could be active even
without any motor motion if the master axis stops.
Index.#.Decelerating
This source is active while an index is decelerating from its’ target velocity. Once the index
reaches zero velocity, or its’ next target velocity, the Index.#.Decelerating source will
deactivate.
Index.#.LimitDistHit
Activated when the registration sensor is not found before the Limit Distance is traveled. If
the Registration Window is enabled the sensor must be activated inside the window to be
recognized.
Index.#.PLSStatus
Controlled by the PLSOn and PLSOff Points which are relative to the distance commanded
since the start of the index. Activated when index distance command is in between the
PLSOn point and PLSOff points.
Destinations
Index.#.Initiate
The Index.#.Initiate destination is used to initiate the specific index. The Index is initiated on
the rising edge of this function. An Index cannot be initiated if there is an Home, Jog, or
Program in progress, or if the Stop destination or if a travel limit is active. It can be activated
from an assignment or from a program.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Index.#.Sensor Trigger
If registration to Sensor is selected, when this destination activates, motor position is captured
and is used as the registration point for registration type indexes.
78
Setting Up Parameters
Network Group
Modbus View
The Modbus View is used to assign Modbus addresses to individual parameters.
By selecting Modbus in the hierarchy view, the Modbus View will appear in the right (see
Figure 51). The right part of the screen displays all of the drive parameters. The number of
parameters that appear depends on the User Level (see the User Level section earlier in this
chapter).
Figure 51:
Modbus View
An external device such as a Human Manchine Interface (HMI) or PLC can be used to
monitor or edit individual FM-3 parameters. The FM-3 and E Series drives use a 32-bit
Modbus RTU communications protocol.
In order to view or modify a parameter, a Modbus address must be assigned to the specific
parameter. To do this, locate the parameter you wish to read/write to or from in the variables
list in the middle of the view. Once you have found the proper parameter, click and hold the
left mouse button over the parameter. While still holding the button on your mouse, drag the
parameter into the Modbus window area on the right of the view. Now let go of the mouse
button.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
A “New Assignment” dialog box will appear. This will automatically assign the next
available modbus address, or allow you to enter a different Modbus address. Once you click
on OK, then you will be able to read or write the parameter at that address.
Address ranges are as follows:
Address Range
Accessibility
Type
Data Size
4xxxx
Read/Write
Register
32 bit word
3xxxx
Read Only
Register
32 bit word
1xxxx
Read Only
Input Bits
bit
0xxxx
Read/Write
Coil
bit
Any individual Modbus address can be deleted by highlighting the parameter you wish to
delete, and clicking on the Remove button. The address selected will be removed from the
list. If you wish to delete all of the Modbus addresses that have been created, then simply click
on the Remove All button. All of the addresses will disappear and the Modbus window will
be empty.
Some Modbus addresses have been reserved and can not be assigned:
39980-39999 and 49501-49999.
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Programming
Motion Programs are a series of indexes, homes and jogs that have been previously setup.
You combine these with other programming steps to create a complex motion profile. Each
motion program provides a series of movements in conjunction with other machine functions.
The movements are used to perform a particular machine operation.
Multiple programs can be created using Emerson Motion Control PowerTools® FM-3
software and stored in the FM-3. The FM-3 is capable of storing up to 55 indexes, 99 motion
programs, and a maximum of 1024 program steps in the FM-3 Flash Memory. The amount
of available Flash Memory determines how many programs, program steps, indexes, etc. that
the configuration can hold.
The number of available programs and average number of steps per program are directly
related to each other. The memory is setup such that if you require 99 programs (maximum),
each program can have an average of 10 program steps each. If the number of programs is
reduced to a minimum, you could have as many as 1024 steps in a single program.
Program Instruction Types
Motion Instructions
Index.Initiate
This program instruction is used to initiate a single index. The index is preset to include an
acceleration up to speed, a run at speed and a deceleration to a stop.
A comment is automatically inserted after the index instruction which shows key data about
the particular index. The comment starts with the apostrophe ‘character.
A “Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete” instruction is also automatically inserted after
each index. This insures that the index has completed before the program continues on to the
next line of code. It is also possible make the program wait until the index is complete and
the following error is less than a specified amount. This is accomplished by changing the
“Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete” to “Wait For InPosn”. The In Position Window is
configured in the Position view.
Examples:
Index.0.Initiate
‘Incremental,Dist=5.000in,Vel=2.0in/s
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
Index.37.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
‘Absolute,Posn=120.60mm,Vel=50.2mm/s
Index.CompoundInitiate
This program instruction is used to initiate an index which has no deceleration ramp. The
index accelerates or decelerates towards the next index velocity using the next index
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
acceleration ramp. The index will finish at velocity. The program then moves on to the next
index. It smoothly transitions into the second index without stopping. The second index then
ramps to its pre-configured velocity. Multiple indexes can be “compounded” to create a
complex velocity profile. The last index in a complex profile must have a deceleration ramp.
This is accomplished using a standard Index.Initiate rather than a Index.CompoundInitiate.
The final index will honor the deceleration ramp. If the last index is not long enough to
perform a decel ramp at the programmed rate, the motor will backup at the end of the last
index.
Each index can be used in multiple places as both a standard index with a deceleration ramp,
and a compound index without a deceleration ramp. The program instruction
(Index.0.Initiate or Index.0.CompoundInitiate), not the index itself, determines whether or
not the index will execute a deceleration ramp. For example, Index.0 can be used multiple
times in multiple programs. It can be initiated at different times using the Index.0.Initiate
instruction and the Index.0.CompoundInitiate instruction.
A comment is automatically inserted after the index instruction which shows key data about
the particular index. The comment starts with the apostrophe ‘ character.
Examples:
Figure 52:
Index Velocity Profile
Index.0.CompoundInitiate
Index.1.CompoundInitiate
Index.2.Initiate
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
82
‘Incremental,Dist=5.000in,Vel=50in/s
‘Incremental,Dist=20.000in,Vel=75in/s
‘Incremental,Dist=10.000in,Vel=30in/s
Programming
Figure 53:
Index Velocity Profile with Drive Outputs
Index.0.CompoundInitiate ‘Incremetal,Dist=5.000in,Vel=50in/s
DriveOutput.1=ON
‘Turns ON immediately after Index.0 is started
Index.1.CompoundInitiate ‘Incremental,Dist=20.000in,Vel=75in/s
DriveOutput.2=ON
‘Turns ON immediately after Index.1 is started
Index.2.Initiate
‘Incremental,Dist=10.000in,Vel=30in/s
DriveOutput.3=ON
‘Turns ON immediately after Index.2 is started
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
DriveOutput.1=OFF
‘Turns OFF after Index.2’s command is completed
DriveOutput.2=OFF
‘Turns OFF after Index.2’s command is completed
DriveOutput.3=OFF
‘Turns OFF after Index.2’s command is completed
Home.Initiate
This program instruction is used to initiate the home.
A comment is automatically inserted after the Home.Initiate instruction which shows key data
about the particular home. The comment starts with the apostrophe ‘ character.
A “Wait For Home.AnyCommandComplete” instruction is not required because the home is
actually a program which already has a “Wait For” instruction.
Example:
Home.0.Initiate
‘Sensor,Offset=2.000in,Vel=-10.0in/s
Jog.PlusInitiate
This program instruction is used to initiate jogging in the positive direction. The Jog.Stop
instruction is used to stop jogging motion.
A comment is automatically inserted after the Jog.PlusInitiate instruction which shows key
data about the particular jog. The comment starts with the apostrophe ‘ character.
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Examples:
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
Jog.1.PlusInitiate
‘Vel=27.2in/s
‘Sync,Vel=1.000in/in
Jog.MinusInitiate
This program instruction is used to initiate jogging in the negative direction. The Jog.Stop
instruction is used to stop jogging motion.
A comment is automatically inserted after the Jog.MinusInitiate instruction which shows key
data about the particular jog. The comment starts with the apostrophe ‘ character.
Examples:
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
Jog.1.MinusInitiate
‘Vel=27.2in/s
‘Sync,Vel=1.000in/in
Jog.Stop
This program instruction is used to halt jogging using the deceleration ramp setup for the
currently operating jog.
Examples:
84
Wait For ModuleInput.2=ON
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
Jog.Stop
‘Wait for “Jog –“ input to turn on
‘Vel=27.2in/s
‘Wait for “Jog –“ input to turn off
‘Decelerate to a stop
Do While(TRUE)
If (ModuleInput.2=ON) Then
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Jog+ when ModuleInput.2=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop when the input goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
If (ModuleInput.3=ON) Then
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.3=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
Loop
‘Jog- when ModuleInput.3=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop when the input goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
Programming
Dwell For Time
This motion instruction is used to pause program execution for a very precise amount of time.
It operates as a motion instruction – similar to an index, home or jog. Like all other motion
instructions it will not start until the preceding motion instruction has completed. A “Wait for
Index.AnyCommandComplete” is not required. Likewise, any subsequent motion commands
will wait and start after the dwell has completed. The total time required to complete a sequence
of indexes and “Dwell For Time” instructions is extremely repeatable.
The “Dwell For Time” instruction is in units of seconds with a resolution of milliseconds (0.000
seconds).
If you want to pause the program while an index is executing you should use a “Wait for Time”
instruction described below.
A comment is automatically inserted after the “Dwell For Time” instruction which notes that
the dwell time is in units of seconds. The comment starts with the ‘ character.
Examples:
Do While (TRUE)
Index.0.Initiate
Dwell For Time 1.000
Loop
Do While (TRUE)
Index.0.Initiate
Dwell For Time 1.000
Index.1.Initiate
Dwell For Time 0.500
Loop
‘Incremetal,Dist=25.000in,Vel=25in/s
‘Seconds
‘Incremetal,Dist=25.000in,Vel=25in/s
‘Seconds
‘Incremental,Dist=15.000in,Vel=25in/s
‘Seconds
Program Flow Instructions
If/Then/Endif
This is a program flow control instruction used to selectively run a section of code only if a
logical test condition is true. If the test evaluates to true the code between the If/Then and
Endif lines is executed. If the test evaluates to false the code is not executed and the program
skips to the next line of code after the Endif.
Logical tests (AND, OR, NOT) can be used in the If/Then/Endif instruction. Parenthesis “()”
can be used to group the logical tests.
Examples:
If DriveInput.1=ON Then
’Turn Outputs 1 On and 2 Off if Drive
’Input.1 is ON.
DriveOutput.1=ON
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
DriveOutput.2=OFF
Endif
If (DriveInput.1=ON AND DriveInput.2=OFF) Then
‘Turn Outputs 1 On and 2 Off if Drive
‘Input.1 is ON and DriveInput.2 is OFF
DriveOutput.1=ON
DriveOutput.2=OFF
Endif
If (ModuleInput.2=ON) Then
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
‘Jog+ when ModuleInput.2=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop when the input goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
If (ModuleInput.3=ON) Then
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.3=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
‘Jog- when ModuleInput.3=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop when the input goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
Else
This program flow instruction is used in conjunction with the If/Then/Endif instruction. If the
If/Then test condition evaluates to true the code after the If/Then and before the Else is executed.
If the test evaluates to false the code between the Else and the Endif is executed.
Examples:
If DriveInput.1=ON Then
DriveOutput.1=ON
DriveOutput.2=OFF
Else
‘The following two lines are executed if
‘DriveInput.1=ON
‘The following two lines are executed if
‘DriveInput.1=OFF
DriveOutput.1=OFF
DriveOutput.2=ON
Endif
If (ModuleInput.5=ON) Then
Jog.0.Vel = 1.0 ‘in/s
Else
Jog.0.Vel = 0.1 ‘in/s
Endif
86
‘Set fast velocity if ModuleInput.5 = ON
‘Set slow velocity if ModuleInput.5 = OFF
Programming
For Count/Next
This instruction is used to execute section of code a specific number of times.
Examples:
For Count = 1 to 5
Index.1.Initiate
Dwell For Time 1.000
Next
‘Incremetal,Dist=5.250in,Vel=10.0in/s
‘seconds
For Count = 1 To 10
Wait For ModuleInput.1 = ON
Index.0.Initiate
‘Incremetal,Dist=5.000in,Vel=50in/s
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
ModuleOutput.1=ON
‘Turn ModuleOutput.1 On
Wait For Time 1.000
‘seconds
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
‘Turn ModuleOutput.1 Off
Next
Do While/Loop
This program instruction is used for repeating a sequence of code as long as an expression is
true. To loop forever use “TRUE” as the test expression as shown in the third example below.
The test expression is tested before the loop is entered. If the test expression is evaluated as
False (0) the code in the loop will be skipped over.
Logical tests (AND, OR, NOT) can be used in the Do While/Loop instruction. Parenthesis “()”
can be used to group the logical tests.
Examples:
Do While ModuleInput.1=ON
Index.1.Initiate
Dwell For Time 1.000
Loop
‘Repeat the three lines of code below
‘as long as ModuleInput.1 is ON.
‘Incremental,Dist=5.250in,Vel=10.0in/s
‘seconds
Do While (ModuleInput.1=ON AND ModuleInput.2=OFF)
‘Repeat the three lines of code below
‘as long as ModuleInput.1 is ON and
‘ModuleInput.2=OFF.
Index.1.Initiate
‘Incremental,Dist=5.250in,Vel=10.0in/s
Dwell For Time 1.000
‘seconds
Loop
Do While (TRUE)
Index.1.Initiate
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Incremental,Dist=5.250in,Vel=10.0in/s
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Dwell For Time 1.000
Loop
‘seconds
Wait For
This program flow instruction is used to halt program execution until an expression becomes
true. Once the expression becomes true the program continues on with the next line of code.
Logical tests (AND, OR, NOT) can be used in the Wait For instruction. However, “analog”
variable comparisons (MasterPosn>1000.000) cannot be used. Only sources
(DriveInput.1=ON, AtVel, etc.) can be used in a Wait For instruction.
Examples:
Wait For (ModuleInput.1=ON AND ModuleInput.2=OFF)
Index.0.Initiate
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
If (ModuleInput.2=ON) Then
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
If (ModuleInput.3=ON) Then
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
Wait For ModuleInput.3=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
‘Jog+ when ModuleInput.2=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop when the input goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
‘Jog- when ModuleInput.3=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop when the input goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
Wait For Time
This program instruction is used to halt program execution for a specified period of time. This
instruction is not a motion instruction and can be used while a motion instruction is executing.
Units: Seconds, Resolution: 0.001 seconds
A comment is automatically inserted after the “Wait For Time” instruction which notes that the
time is in units of seconds. The comment starts with the apostrophe ‘ character.
Examples:
Wait For Time 5.000
‘seconds
Do While (TRUE)
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For AtVel
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Incremental,Dist=25.250in,Vel=10.0in/s
‘Turn Output 1 ON for 1 second, after the
‘index reaches its’ target velocity
DriveOutput.1=ON
88
Programming
Wait For Time 1.000
‘seconds
DriveOutput.1=OFF
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
Loop
Call Program
This program flow instruction is used to call another program. When the called program
finishes the controller picks up where it left off in the program that called it. This is often used
when a section of code is used in multiple places in a program. By moving the code to another
program and calling that program the total number of program lines can be reduced. This can
also make the program easier to understand. Care should be taken not to "nest" more than four
program calls due to processor stack overflow. Therefore, no more than four different programs
should be called without returning to the original program.
In the diagram below, => Represents a Call Program instruction
Program0=>Program1=>Program2=>Program3=>Program4 => NO MORE THAN 4!
Examples:
Call Program.10
‘Program 10 contains a complex home
‘routine.
Call Program.100
‘Program 100 contains a “teach position”
‘routine.
End
This program flow instruction is used to halt the execution of the program. It can be used in
multiple places within the program. It is not required on the last line of every program. It is
implied that after the controller executes the last line of code in a program the program will halt.
It is commonly used inside of If/Then/Endif constructs to end the program if a certain condition
has been met.
Examples:
If DriveInput.1=OFF Then
End
Endif
If DriveInput.1=ON Then
DriveOutput.1=ON
End
Endif
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Formula
This program instruction can be used to enter a formula or assignment into a program. All
FM-3 parameters are available for use in a formula. They may be dragged and dropped into
a formula, but the program User Level will determine how many appear for dragging and
dropping (see the section on User Level in the Setting Up Parameters chapter). Formulas can
also be created by simply typing them into the program. This instruction was created to
inform the user that formulas can be used in a program.
Examples:
Index.1.Vel = 20.0
Index.0.Dist = Index.2.Dist + 0.1
ModuleOutput.1 = ON
Index.0.Accel = (Index.0.Accel*1000)+5.00
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Programming
Example Programs
Out and Return - Simple
Description: Move out to an absolute position and return
Index.2.Initiate
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
‘Absolute,Posn=10.000in,Vel=5.0in/s
‘Absolute,Posn=0.000in,Vel=10.0in/s
Out and Return – More Complex
Description: Home, Wait For an input, Move out to an absolute position, set an output, dwell
for 1 second, clear the output, return to home position, repeat the out and return sequence until
the stop input halts the program.
Home.0.InitiateHome.1.Initiate
ModuleOutput.1=ON
‘Sensor,Offset=0.000in,Vel=-10.0in/s
‘Set the “At Position 1” output
Do While (TRUE)
Wait For ModuleInput.2=ON
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
Index.2.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
ModuleOutput.2=ON
Wait For Time 1.000
ModuleOutput.2=OFF
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
ModuleOutput.1=ON
Loop
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Wait for the “Go” Input
‘Clear the “At Position 1” output
‘Absolute,Posn=10.000in,Vel=5.0in/s
‘Set the “At Position 2” output
‘Seconds
‘Clear the “At Position 2” output
‘Absolute,Posn=0.000in,Vel=10.0in/s
‘Set the “At Position 1” output
Punch a Hole in a Web a Specified Distance Beyond a Registration Mark
Description: Index a web to a position 2 inches beyond a registration mark. Then fire a solenoid
to punch a hole in the web. Wait for a sensor to indicate that the punch is in the down position.
Retract the solenoid. Wait until it is sensed in the up position.
Do While (TRUE)
Index.0.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
ModuleOutput.1=ON
Wait For ModuleInput.2=ON
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
Wait For ModuleInput.3=ON
Loop
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Registration,Offet=2.0in,Dist=20in,Vel=20in/s
‘Fire the punch solenoid
‘Wait for the “down” indicator
‘Retract the punch solenoid
‘Wait for the “up” indicator
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Registration Index to Place a Product on a Conveyor After Each Lug
Registration Index (synchronized) to find the front edge of product, wait for input from a lug
sensor and repeat.
Do While (TRUE)
Index.0.Initiate
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Sync,Registration,Offset=0.500,
‘Dist=50.000,Vel=1.000in/in
‘Registration move to product sensor.
‘Go to head of next product.
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
Wait For ModuleInput.2=ON
‘Wait for lug sensor on master conveyor.
Loop
Elevator (Accumulator) with 100 Stop Positions
Home, when an input goes on move down to the next position. When the bottom position is
reached, move back to home when the input goes on.
Home.0.Initiate
‘Sensor,Offset=0.00mm,Vel=100mm/s
Do While (TRUE)
For Count = 2 To 100
Wait For ModuleInput.2=ON
Index.2.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
Next
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Step to positions 2 - 100
‘Wait for “Go” input
‘Incremetal,Dist=2.00mm,Vel=100mm/s
Wait For ModuleInput.2=ON
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
Loop
‘Wait for “Go” input
‘Absolute,Posn=0.00mm,Vel=1000mm/s
Simple Jogging within a Program
Jog+ when DriveInput.2 goes ON and stop when it goes off. Jog- when DriveInput.3 goes ON
and stop when it goes off. This could also be accomplished using the Jog input functions
when there is no program running.
Do While (TRUE)
If(DriveInput.2=ON) Then
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
Wait For DriveInput.2=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
If (DriveInput.3=ON) Then
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
Wait For DriveInput.3=OFF
Jog.Stop
Endif
Loop
92
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Jog+ when DriveInput.2=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop jogging when DriveIput.2 goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
‘Jog- when DriveInput.3=ON
‘Vel=20in/s
‘Stop jogging when DriveInput.3 goes OFF
‘Decelerate to a stop
Programming
Rotary Table with “Calibrated” Stop Positions
Home the axis, wait for an input and then index to 3 different stop positions (absolute positions),
wait for an input between indexes. The InPosn output function could be assigned to an output
to indicate when the axis has completed the index and the following error is less than a specified
amount. Since the indexes are to absolute positions they can be adjusted to “calibrate” the stop
positions to account for mechanical non-linearity in the particular rotary table. A rollover
position of 360.00 degrees would be entered into the setup screen so that the system would take
the shortest path (across the rollover) during the last move.
Home.0.Initiate
‘Sensor,Offset=0.0deg/s,Vel=-1000deg/s
Do While (TRUE)
Wait For ModuleInput.1=ON
Index.2.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
Wait For ModuleInput.1=ON
Index.3.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
Wait For ModuleInput.1=ON
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
Loop
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘ModuleInput.1 is the “Go” input
‘Absolute,Posn=120.07deg,Vel=1000deg/s
‘Absolute,Posn=239.95deg,Vel=1000deg/s
‘Absolute,Posn=0.03deg,Vel=1000deg/s
Flying Cutoff/Shear
Flying cutoff or flying shear application to perform synchronized out and return indexes which
repeat every 100 inches of master travel.
Part Length = 100 inches
Knife Travel Distance = 20 inches
PLS.0 is used to initiate Index.0 every 100 inches. PLS.0 has an “ON” point at 0.000 inches
and an “OFF” point at 90.000 inches. PLS.0 has a rollover position of 100.000 inches. The
rollover position is used to set the part length. The source for PLS.0 is the master axis. The PLS
is configured in the PLS setup screen. The PLS output does not necessarily need to be
connected to an output line on the drive or module because it is used within the program to
initiate an index.
An Index PLS is used to fire the cutoff knife. The Index PLS is connected to Output #1 on the
drive. The Index PLS is configured in the index setup screen. The Index PLS for Index.1 has
an “ON” point 2.000 inches into the index and an “OFF” point 18 inches into the index.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Home.0.Initiate
‘Sensor,Offset=1.000in,Vel=-5.0 in/s
ModuleEncoderInput.DefineHome=ON
PLS.0.Enable=ON
‘Set the master position to 0.0
‘Turn on PLS.0
Do While (TRUE)
Wait For DriveInput.1=ON
If PLS.0 = ON Then
ModuleOutput.4=ON
End
Endif
Wait For PLS.0=ON
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Input 1 is used as a “hold” input.
‘If the PLS is already on you are too late.
‘Set a “Too Late” output
‘Drop out of the program
‘Start the Index when PLS.0 goes on
‘(every 100 inches).
Index.1.Initiate
‘Incremental,Sync,Dist=20.0in,Vel=1.0in/in
Index.0.Initiate
‘Absolute,Sync,Posn=0.0in,Vel=2.0in/in
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
Loop
Synchronized Jog with Manual Phase Adjustment
The motor controls a lugged conveyor belt which is synchronized to another lugged conveyor
belt. Jog.0 is configured as a “Synchronized” jog using the setup software. The program first
homes the follower and then waits for an input from a sensor on the master axis lugs. When
the input comes on the follower starts the synchronized jog. If the home is setup correctly the
follower will be in perfect phase when it gets up to speed. If the follower gets out of phase
with the master the operator can manually bring the it back into phase using “Advance” and
“Retard” inputs. The program adjusts the phase of the follower axis by adjusting the jog
velocity (Jog.0.Vel) when the operator hits one of the phasing inputs.
Home.0.Initiate
Jog.0.Vel=1.000
‘Sensor,Offset=2.25in,Vel=10in/s
‘follower inches/master inch
Wait For ModuleInput.1=ON
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
‘Start when a master lug is detected
‘Sync,Vel=1.000in/in
Do While (TRUE)
If (ModuleInput.2=ON) Then
Jog.0.Vel=1.100
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
Jog.0.Vel=1.000
Endif
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Phase Advance when ModuleInput.2=ON
‘follower inches/master inch
If (ModuleInput.3=ON) Then
Jog.0.Vel=0.900
Wait For ModuleInput.3=OFF
Jog.0.Vel=1.000
Endif
Loop
94
‘follower inches/master inch
‘Phase Retard when ModuleIput.3=ON
‘follower inches/master inch
‘follower inches/master inch
Programming
Auger Filler with Inputs to Adjust the Fill Amount
Incremental indexes are used to squirt a specified amount of food product into a box. Inputs are
used to adjust the index distance. It would be much simpler to adjust the index distance with an
OIT-3165 operator interface panel, but inputs could be used as described below.
ModuleOutput.3=OFF
ModuleOutput.4=OFF
Do While (TRUE)
‘Repeat until the program is halted
If (ModuleInput.2=ON) Then
‘Fill a box if the “Go” input is on.
Index.1.Initiate
‘Incremental,Dist=16.00oz,Vel=16.0oz/s
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
Endif
‘Increase the fill amount once every time ModuleInput.3 is pressed
If((ModuleInput.3=ON) AND (ModuleOutput.3=OFF)) Then
Index.1.Dist = Index.1.Dist + 0.10
‘ounces
ModuleOutput.3=ON
‘ModuleOutput.3 is used to make sure that the distance is
‘incriminated only once each time ModuleInput.3 is pressed.
If (Index.1.Dist > 20) Then
ModuleOutput.1=ON
‘Long index output
Else
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
Endif
Endif
If((ModuleInput.3=OFF) AND (ModuleOutput.3=ON)) Then
ModuleOutput.3=OFF
Endif
‘Increase the fill amount once every time ModuleInput.4 is pressed.
If ((ModuleInput.4=ON) AND (ModuleOutput.4=OFF)) Then
Index.1.Dist = Index.1.Dist - 0.10 ‘ounces
ModuleOutput.4=ON
‘ModuleOutput.4 is used to make sure that the distance is
‘incriminated only once each time ModuleInput.4 is pressed.
If (Index.1.Dist < 12) Then
ModuleOutput.2=ON
‘Short index output
Else
ModuleOutput.2=OFF
Endif
Endif
If((ModuleInput.4=OFF) AND (ModuleOutput.4=ON)) Then
ModuleOutput.4=OFF
Endif
Loop
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Sequence Learn and Playback
This example consists of three programs. The first program is used to learn 3 positions using
“Jog+”, “Jog-“, “Jog Fast” and “Learn” inputs. The second program is called several times
by the first program. The third program steps through the learned positions
Learn Program (Program 0)
Home.0.Initiate
‘Sensor,Offset=0.000in,Vel=-10in/s
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
‘Move to position 1
Call Program.1
‘Program 1 allows the axis to be jogged
‘into position
‘Learn the new position if the “Learn”
‘input is on
‘Read the Position Command into Index.1’s
‘absolute position.
If (ModuleInput.1=ON) Then
Index.1.Dist = PosnCommand
Endif
Wait For ModuleInput.1=OFF
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
Index.2.Initiate
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
‘Move to position 2
Call Program.1
‘Program 1 allows the axis to be jogged
‘into position
‘Learn the new position if the “Learn”
‘input is on
‘Read the Position Command into Index.2’s
‘absolute position.
If (ModuleInput.1=ON) Then
Index.2.Dist = PosnCommand
Endif
Wait For ModuleInput.1=OFF
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
‘Wait until the “Learn” input goes off
‘Wait until the “Skip” input goes off
Index.3.Initiate
Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete
‘Move to position 3
Call Program.1
‘Program 1 allows the axis to be jogged
‘into position
‘Learn the new position if the “Learn”
‘input is on
‘Read the Position Command into Index.3’s
‘absolute position.
If (ModuleInput.1=ON) Then
Index.3.Dist = PosnCommand
Endif
Wait For ModuleInput.1=OFF
Wait For ModuleInput.2=OFF
96
‘Wait until the “Learn” input goes off
‘Wait until the “Skip” input goes off
‘Wait until the “Learn” input goes off
‘Wait until the “Skip” input goes off
Programming
Subroutine for Jogging the Axis into the Desired Position (Program 1)
‘Allow jogging until either the “Learn” input (ModuleInput.1)
‘or the “Skip” input (ModuleInput.2) goes ON.
Do While ((ModuleInput.1=OFF) AND (ModuleInput.2=OFF))
If (ModuleInput.3=ON) Then
‘Jog+ if the Jog+ input is on
Jog.0.PlusInitiate
‘Vel=0.1in/s
Do While (ModuleInput.3=ON)
If (ModuleInput.5=ON) Then
Jog.0.Vel = 1.0
Else
Jog.0.Vel = 0.1
Endif
Loop
Jog.Stop
Endif
‘in/s
‘Stop jogging when the Jog+ input goes off.
If (ModuleInput.4=ON) Then
Jog.0.MinusInitiate
‘Jog- if the Jog- input is on
‘Vel=0.1in/s
Do While (ModuleInput.4=ON)
If (ModuleInput.5=ON) Then
Jog.0.Vel = 1.0
Else
Jog.0.Vel = 0.1
Endif
Loop
Jog.Stop
Endif
‘ModuleInput.5 = “Jog Fast”
‘in/s
‘ModuleInput.5 = “Jog Fast”
‘in/s
‘in/s
‘Stop jogging when the Jog+ input goes off.
Loop
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Playback Program (Program 2)
98
Home.0.Initiate
‘Sensor,Offset=0.000in,Vel=-10in/s
Do While (TRUE)
Index.1.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
ModuleOutput.1=ON
Wait For Time 1.000
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
‘Repeat until the program is halted
‘Absolute,Posn=1.000in,Vel=5in/s
‘Turn on ModuleOutput.1 for 1 second
‘seconds
Index.2.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
ModuleOutput.1=ON
Wait For Time 1.000
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
‘Absolute,Posn=20.000in,Vel=7in/s
Index.3.Initiate
Wait For InPosn
ModuleOutput.1=ON
Wait For Time 1.000
ModuleOutput.1=OFF
Loop
‘Absolute,Posn=5.250in,Vel=10in/s
‘Turn on ModuleOutput.1 for 1 second
‘seconds
‘Turn on ModuleOutput.1 for 1 second
‘seconds
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Parameter Descriptions
This section lists all programmable and feedback parameters available. The parameters are listed
alphabetically by variable name on the right and give a description. Range is dynamic and depends
on User Unit scaling. The units of the parameters are dynamic and depend on selected User Units.
Absolute Position Valid
AbsolutePositionValid
This source is activated when either the DefineHome destination is activated, or any home is
successfully completed (sensor or marker found). This source is deactivated if the drive is
rebooted, an encoder fault occurs, the drive is powered down, or a home is re-initiated.
Accelerating
Accelerating
This source is active when the FM-3 is executing an acceleration ramp. A normal index
consists of 3 segments: Accelerating, At Velocity, and Decelerating. The Accelerating source
will be set (active) during this acceleration segment regardless of whether the motor is
speeding up or slowing down. Therefore, this source can sometimes be active when the motor
is decelerating. This could be true when compounding indexes together.
Acceleration Type
AccelType
This parameter is used to select the accel/decel type for all motion (homes, jogs and indexes).
The “S-Curve” ramps offer the smoothest motion, but lead to higher peak accel/decel rates.
“Linear” ramps have the lowest peak accel/decel rates but they are the least smooth ramp
type. “5/8 S-Curve” ramps and “1/4 S-Curve” ramps use smoothing at the beginning and end
of the ramp but have constant (linear) accel rates in the middle of their profiles. The “5/8 SCurve” is less smooth than the “S-Curve” but smoother than the “1/4 S-Curve”. S-Curve
accelerations are very useful on machines where product slip is a problem. They are also
useful when smooth machine operation is critical. Linear ramps are useful in applications
where low peak torque is critical. Below is a comparison of the 4 ramp types:
•
S-Curve: Peak Accel = 2 x Average Accel
•
5/8 S-Curve: Peak Accel = 1.4545 x Average Accel
•
1/4 S-Curve: Peak Accel = 1.142857 x Average Accel
•
Linear: Peak Accel = Average Accel
Acceleration Decimal Places
AccelUnits.Decimal
This parameter is the decimal point location for all real-time accel./decel. ramps.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Acceleration Time Scale
AccelUnits.TimeScale
This parameter is the time units for accel./decel. ramps. Possible selections are milliseconds
or seconds.
At Velocity
AtVel
This source is active when the FM-3 is executing a constant velocity motion segment. One
example would be during an index. The source would activate after the motor has finished
accelerating up to speed and before the motor begins to decelerate to a stop. A normal index
consists of 3 segments: Accelerating, At Velocity, and Decelerating. This source is active
during the At Velocity segment, and is activated based on the commanded velocity, not the
feedback velocity. During synchronized motion, AtVel can be active without actual motor
movement.
Brake Activate
Brake.Activate
This destination, when activated, engages the brake. This is simply used to manually engage
the brake outside of the normal brake operation. This is level sensitive.
Brake Disengaged
Brake.Disengaged
This source is used to control the motor holding brake. When it is "off" the brake is
mechanically engaged. When the brake is engaged, the diagnostic display on the front of the
drive will display a "b". The drive and module outputs are limited to 150 mA capacity,
therefore, a suppressed relay is required to control the brake coil. Model BRM-1 may be used.
Brake Release
Brake.Release
This destination will release the brake under all conditions, even when Brake.Activate is
engaged. When this input function is active, the Brake.Disengaged output function (source)
will be activated. This is used as a manual brake override.This is level sensitive.
Commanding Motion
CommandingMotion
This source activates when VelCommand is non-zero.
Decelerating
This source is active when the FM-3 is decelerating. A normal index consists of 3 segments:
Accelerating, At Velocity, and Decelerating. Decelerating follows the accelerating segment
and the At Velocity segment. When indexes are compounded to create a complex motion
profile, only the last index may contain a decelerating segment.
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Parameter Descriptions
Define Home
DefineHome
This destination is used to set the Commanded Position to the value specified in the
DefineHomePosn variable. On the rising edge of this input function the absolute position is
set equal to the DefineHomePosn and the AbsolutePosnValid output function (source) is
activated.
Define Home Position
DefineHomePosn
The DefineHome parameter is used to set the motors absolute position to the value stored in
the DefineHomePosn variable. On the rising edge of the DefineHome function the
Commanded Position is set equal to the DefineHomePosn and the AbsolutePosnValid source
is activated.
Distance Characteristic Distance
DistUnits.CharacteristicDist
This parameter is the distance the load travels (in user units) when the motor travels the
characteristic length (in motor revolutions). This parameter is used along with the
DistUnits.CharacteristicLength to establish the relationship between user distance and actual
motor travel distance. See the section on the User Units View in the Setting Up Parameters
chapter.
Distance Characteristic Length
DistUnits.CharacteristicLength
This parameter is the distance the motor travels (in whole number of revolutions) to achieve
one characteristic distance of load travel. This parameter is used along with the
DistUnits.CharacteristicDist to establish the relationship between user distance and motor
travel distance. See the section on the User Units View in the Setting Up Parameters chapter.
Distance Decimal Places
DistUnits.Decimal
This parameter is used to select the number of decimal places used in the
DistUnits.CharacteristicDist. Using a high number of decimal places will improve
positioning resolution, but will also limit the maximum travel distance. The number of
decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of decimal places used in all
distance parameters throughout the software. You can select from zero to six decimal places
of accuracy.
Distance Name
DistUnits.Name
This is a text variable which is used as the label for the distance/position user units. It can be
up to 12 characters in length.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Drive Ambient Temperature
DriveAmbientTemp
This parameter should be set to reflect the ambient air temperature near the drive heatsink
during normal operation. This will determine the amount of regenerative power that can be
dissipated by the E Series drive's internal shunt resistor. When that calculated value is
exceeded by the Shunt Power RMS parameter a shunt fault will occur. Valid only for EN-208
and EN-214 drives.
Drive Analog Output Feedback
DriveAnalogOutput.#.Feedback
Displays the Output voltage from one of the two analog outputs found on the 3-pin connector
on the front of the drive or on the drive command connector.
Drive Enable Status
DriveEnableStatus
This source is active when the drive is enabled.
Drive Input Debounced
DriveInput.#.Debounced
This displays the state of the input after the debounce is taken into account.
Drive Input Debounce Time
DriveInput.#.DebounceTime
The Drive Input Debounce Time parameter is the minimum time a digital input must be
steady in order to be recognized by the FM-3. This feature helps prevent false triggering in
applications in electrically noisy environments.
Drive Input Force
DriveInput.#.Force
Input can be forced either On or Off. This parameter is the state to which the input will be
forced when the ForceEnable bit is activated.
Drive Input Force Enable
DriveInput.#.ForceEnable
If DriveInput.#.ForceEnable parameter is activated, then the state of the DriveInput.#.Force
bit will override the current input state.
Drive Input Name
DriveInput.#.Name
This is a text string up to 12 characters that can be assigned to a given input. It allows the user
to use application specific terminology in naming digital inputs.
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Parameter Descriptions
Drive Input Raw
DriveInput.#.Raw
This displays the raw state of the digital input without debounce or forcing to override the raw
status.
Drive Input Status
DriveInput.#.Status
This source is the state of the input after debounce and forcing are taken into account.
Drive Output Force
DriveOutput.#.Force
A drive output can be forced either On or Off with this parameter. If the ForceEnable bit is
activated, the DriveOutput.#.State will be set to this value.
Drive Output Force Enable
DriveOutput.#.ForceEnable
If DriveOutput.#.ForceEnable parameter is activated, then the state of the
DriveOutput.#.Force bit will override the current output state.
Drive Output Name
DriveOutput.#.Name
This is a text string up to 12 characters that can be assigned to a given output. It allows the
user to use application specific terminology in naming digital outputs.
Drive Output State
DriveOutput.#State
This destination sets the current state of an output line.
Drive Output Encoder Scaling Enable
DriveOutputEncoder.ScalingEnable
When on, this parameter enables the use of the drive encoder output scaling feature.
Drive Output Encoder Scaling
DriveOutputEncoder.Scaling
This parameter allows scaling of the drive encoder output resolution in increments of one line
per revolution. Allowable range is from one line per revolution up to the actual density of the
encoder in the motor. If the Encoder output scaling is set greater than the motor encoder
density the output scaling will be equal to the motor encoder density.
Drive Serial Number
DriveSerialNumber
This displays the serial number of the Drive to which the FM-3 is attached.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Drive Faults Bitmap
Fault.DriveFaultsBitmap
This parameter is a 32-bit register which holds all of the drive fault status bits. Following is
a list of all drive faults and their associated bit numbers:
0 = Encoder state fault
1 = Encoder hardware fault
3 = Drive power module fault
4 = Low DC bus fault
5 = High DC bus fault
8 = Drive internal fault 1
9 = Drive trajectory fault
10 = Drive internal fault 2
16 = Drive watchdog timer fault
19 = Drive over speed fault
21 = Drive power up self test fault
20 = Drive invalid configuration fault
24 = Drive RMS shunt power fault
25 = Motor overtemperature fault
All other bits are not used. A "1" in these bit locations indicates the specific fault is active,
and a "0" is inactive.
Drive OK
Fault.DriveOK
Active when there are no faults. Inactivated when any fault except travel limits occur. Drive
enable has no effect on this event.
Faulted
Fault.Faulted
Any fault will activate this event.
Active Fault
Fault.#.Active
The specified fault is active. See the help index for more information on faults and recovery
from them.
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Parameter Descriptions
Fault Counts
Fault.#.Counts
The module stores the total number of times the specific fault has occurred since it was
manufactured.
Module Faults Bitmap
Fault.ModuleFaultsBitmap
This parameter is a 32-bit register which holds all of the module fault status bits. Following
is a list of all module faults and their associated bit numbers:
0 = Module watchdog timer fault
1 = Module invalid configuration fault
2 = Module NVM invalid fault
3 = Module power up self test fault
4 = Module following error fault
5 = Module travel limit plus
6 = Module travel limit minus
7 = Module program fault
All other bits are not used. A "1" in these bit locations indicates the specific fault is active,
and a "0" is inactive.
Reset Faults
Fault.Reset
Resets faults that do not require a power down. This event is "or"ed with the reset button on
the drive.
Enable Feedforwards
FeedforwardsEnable
This parameter may be setup on the Tuning view or through a program, and enables
feedforward compensation. When feedforwards are enabled, the accuracy of the Inertia and
Friction settings are very important. If the Inertia setting is larger than the actual inertia, the
result could be a significant overshoot during ramping. If the Inertia setting is smaller than
the actual inertia, following error during ramping will be reduced but not eliminated. If the
Friction is greater than the actual friction, it may result in velocity error or instability. If the
Friction setting is less than the actual friction, velocity error will be reduced, but not
eliminated.
Feedhold
Feedhold
When this destination is activated the motor will decelerate to a stop in the time specified by
the FeedholdDecelTime parameter. When it is deactivated the motor will accelerate back up
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
to the programmed speed in the same amount of time. It is used to hold motion without
cancelling the move in progress. If a feedhold is activated during an index the motor will
come to a halt, but the index's velocity command remains at the velocity it was at before the
feedhold was activated. When the feedhold is deactivated time will ramp back up and the
index will continue on to its programmed distance or position. Feedhold affects indexes,
homes, and programs. A jog is not affected by the feedhold unless it is initiated from a
program. This is level sensitive.
Feedhold Deceleration Time
FeedholdDecelTime
When Feedhold destination is activated the motor will decelerate to a stop in the time
specified by the FeedholdDecelTime parameter. While the feedhold destination is active, the
motion profile is stopped.
FeedRate Override
FeedRateOverride
This parameter is used to scale all motion. It can be described as “scaling in real time.” The
default setting of 100% will allow all motion to occur in real time. A setting of 50% will scale
time so that all moves run half as fast as they do at 100%. A setting of 200% will scale time
so that all moves run twice as fast as they would at 100%. Feed Rate Override is always
active, and this parameter may be modified via Modbus or in a program. When changed, the
new value takes effect immediately.
Foldback Active
FoldbackActive
This source (output function) is active when the drive is limiting motor current. If the
Foldback RMSexceeds 100 percent of the continuous rating, the current foldback circuit will
limit the current delivered to the motor to 80 percent of the continuous rating.
Foldback RMS
FoldbackRMS
This read-only parameter accurately models the thermal heating and cooling of the drive.
When this parameter reaches 100 percent, current foldback will be activated.
Following Error
FollowingError
Following Error displays the difference between the Position Command and the Position
Feedback.
Enable Following Error
FollowingErrorEnable
This parameter can be setup from the Position view or from a program. When enabled, a
following error fault will be generated if the absolute value of the Following Error exceeds
the Following Error Limit.
106
Parameter Descriptions
Following Error Limit
FollowingErrorLimit
This parameter is used when the FollowingErrorEnable bit is set. This limit is compared to
the absolute value of the FollowingError. If the FollowingError is greater than the
FollowingErrorLimit, a following error fault will be generated.
Friction
This parameter is characterized in terms of the rate of friction increase per 100 motor RPM.
If estimated, always use a conservative (less than or equal to actual) estimate. If the friction
is completely unknown, a value of zero should be used. A typical value used here is less than
one percent.
Any Command Complete
Home.AnyCommandComplete
This source is active when any home motion command is completed, if a stop is activated
before the home has completed the function will not be activated. Inactivated when a home
command is executed.
Accelerating
Home.#.Accelerating
Active during any acceleration while the specified home is in progress. Accelerating may turn
off and on again based on the type of Home selected. Accelerating will activate during the
Home back off sensor motion.
Acceleration
Home.#.Accel
This parameter sets the average Acceleration rate used during the home, units are specified
on the User Units page.
At Velocity
Home.#.AtVel
This source is activated when the home velocity is reached when a the specified home is in
progress. It will activate and deactivate base on the home. Home At Velocity will not be
activated during back off sensor portion of the home.
If On Sensor
Home.#.OnSensorAction
If the home sensor input is active when the home is initiated, this parameter determines the
direction of motion. Two selections are possible. If "Back off before homing" is selected, the
motor will turn in the opposite direction of the home until the home sensor is clear and then
begin the home. If "Go forward to next sensor" is selected, the motor will turn in the
commanded direction until the next rising edge of the sensor is seen. If using Modbus to view
or modify this parameter, 1= Back off before homing, 0 = Go forward to next sensor.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Calculated Offset
Home.#.CalculatedOffset
The Calculated offset is the distance travelled during the deceleration ramp from the home
velocity to a stop. Calculated by Emerson Motion Control PowerTools®.
Command Complete
Home.#.CommandComplete
This source is active when the specified home command is completed, if a stop is activated
before the home has completed the function or if the Home Limit Distance has been exceeded
it will not be activated. Inactive when a home command is executed.
Command In Progress
Home.#.CommandInProgress
This source is activated when the Home is initiated and remains active until all motion related
to the Home has completed.
Decelerating
Home.#.Decelerating
This source is active during any deceleration while the specified home is in progress.
Decelerating will turn off and on based on the type of Home selected. Decelerating will
activate during the Home back off sensor motion.
Deceleration
Home.#.Decel
The Deceleration ramp parameter is used during all the home moves specified in user units.
Initiate
Home.#.Initiate
When activated, this destination will initiate the specified home. Home will not initiate if an
index, jog, program, or stop is currently active.
Limit Distance
Home.#.LimitDist
This parameter places an upper limit on the incremental distance traveled during a home. If
no home reference is found the motor will decelerate to a stop at the limit distance and activate
the Home.#.LimitDistHit event.
Enable Limit Distance
Home.#.LimitDistEnable
This parameter enables the specified Home.#.LimitDist. If not enabled, the home will run
indefinitely until the home reference is found.
108
Parameter Descriptions
Limit Distance Hit
Home.#.LimitDistHit
This source is activated when the home sensor is not found before the Home Limit Distance
is traveled.
Name
Home.#.Name
User name for the specified home.
Home Offset Type
Home.#.OffsetType
Selects calculated or specified home offset. Calculated offset is the distance traveled during
the deceleration ramp from the home velocity. The specified offset allows the user to choose
an exact offset from the Home Reference.
End of Home Position
Home.#.EndPosn
This parameter defines the drive position at the completion of a home. Typically used to
define the machine coordinate home position.
Home Reference
Home.#.Reference
This parameter determines how the reference position is determined. The parameter can have
one of three different values: 'Sensor', 'Marker', 'Sensor then Marker'. When the home
reference is 'Sensor' the rising edge of the 'Home Sensor' input function is used to establish
the reference position. When the home reference is 'Marker' the rising edge of the motor
encoder's marker channel is used to establish the reference position. When the home reference
is 'Sensor then Marker' the reference position is established using the first marker rising edge
after the Home Sensor input function goes active.
Sensor Trigger
Home.#.SensorTrigger
This destination is usually a sensor input used as a reference for the home. This event is only
used if the home is defined by sensor or by sensor and marker.
Specified Offset
Home.#.SpecifiedOffset
The specified offset parameter allows the user to specify an exact offset relative to the Home
Reference. The commanded motion will stop at exactly the offset distance away from the
sensor or the marker as specified.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Time Base
Home.#.TimeBase
The time base selects either realtime, which allows velocities, acceleration and deceleration
to be based on real time, or synchronized, which allows for an external synchronization
signal.
Velocity
Home.#.Vel
This parameter sets the target velocity for all of moves in the home. The sign determines the
home direction. Positive numbers cause motion in the positive direction and negative
numbers cause motion in the negative direction in search of the home sensor.
Any Command Complete
Index.AnyCommandComplete
This source is active when any index motion command is completed. If a stop is activated
before the index has completed, this destination will not activate. Deactivated when any index
command is initiated.
Accelerating
Index.#.Accelerating
This source is active while an index is accelerating to its target velocity. Once the index
reaches the target velocity, or begins to decelerate, the Index.#.Accelerating source will
deactivate.
Acceleration
Index.#.Accel
This parameter is the average Acceleration rate used during the index. Units are specified on
the User Units view in the PowerTools FM-3 software.
Analog
Index.#.AnalogLimitType
Select the analog parameter (i.e. Torque Command) to compare to the AnalogLimitValue.
Satisfying the comparison triggers the index registration event.
Limit Value
Index.#.AnalogLimitValue
This preset value is compared to the selected AnalogLimitType to determine the registration
point.
At Velocity
Index.#.AtVel
This source activates when the target index velocity is reached. If Feedrate override is
changed or FeedHold is activated AtVelocity shall remain active. Index.#.AtVel will
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Parameter Descriptions
deactivate at the start of any deceleration or acceleration. During a synchronized index, this
source could be active even without any motor motion if the master axis stops.
Command Complete
Index.#.CommandComplete
The Index.#.CommandComplete source will activate when the specific index completes its
deceleration ramp. It will remain active until the specific index is initiated again. If the Stop
destination is used during an Index, then the Index.#.CommandComplete will not activate.
Command In Progress
Index.#.CommandInProgress
The Index.#.CommandInProgress source is active throughout an entire index profile. The
source activates at the beginning of the index acceleration ramp, and deactivates at the end of
the index deceleration ramp.
Decelerating
Index.#.Decelerating
This source is active while an index is decelerating from its target velocity. Once the index
reaches zero velocity, or its next target velocity, the Index.#.Decelerating source will
deactivate.
Deceleration
Index.#.Decel
This parameter is the Average Deceleration rate used during the index. Units are specified on
the User Units page.
Distance
Index.#.Dist
This parameter is the Incremental distance that the index will travel or the absolute position
for the specified index in user units. If an index type of Registration is selected, then this is
a limit distance, or the maximum distance the index will travel if a registration sensor is not
seen.
Initiate
Index.#.Initiate
The Index.#.Initiate destination is used to initiate the specific index. The Index is initiated on
the rising edge of this function. An Index cannot be initiated if there is an Home, Jog, or
Program in progress, or if the Stop destination or if a travel limit is active. It can be activated
from an assignment or from a program.
CompoundInitiate
Index.#.CompoundInitiate
When activated will initiate the specified Index to compound into the next index in the
program. Only allowed in a program.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Limit Distance Hit
Index.#.LimitDistHit
This source is activated when the registration sensor is not found before the Limit Distance is
traveled. If the Registration Window is enabled the sensor must be activated inside the
window to be recognized.
Name
Index.#.Name
The user can specify an Index name of up to 12 characters.
Enable PLS
Index.#.PLSEnable
When Activated, this parameter enables the PLS (programmable limit switch) function for the
specified index. It can be controlled from index view check box or from a program.
PLS Off Point
Index.#.PLSOffDist
This an incremental distance from the start of the index to the Index PLS off point. This is an
unsigned value and is relative only to starting position of this index. Index direction does not
affect this parameter. Index.#.PLSStatus will be active if the distance traveled from the start
of the index is greater than the Index.#.PLSOnDist and less than the Index.#.PLSOffDist.
PLS On Point
Index.#.PLSOnDist
This an incremental distance from the start of the index to the Index PLS On Point. This is an
unsigned value and is relative only to starting position of this index. Index direction does not
affect this parameter. Index.#.PLSStatus will be active if the distance traveled from the start
of the index is greater than the Index.#.PLSOnDist and less than the Index.#.PLSOffDist.
PLS Status
Index.#.PLSStatus
Controlled by the PLSOn and PLSOff Points, this is relative to the distance commanded since
the start of the index. Index.#.PLSStatus will be active if the distance traveled from the start
of the index is greater than the Index.#.PLSOnDist and less than the Index.#.PLSOffDist.
RegistrationOffset
Index.#.RegistrationOffset
This parameter is the the Distance the motor will travel after a valid registration sensor or
analog limit value has been detected.
Registration Type
Index.#.RegistrationType
This selects either sensor or analog as the registration mark for a registration index.
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Parameter Descriptions
Enable Registration Window
Index.#.RegistrationWindowEnable
This check box enables (if checked) the Registration Sensor valid Window. When active,
only registration marks that occur inside the registration window are seen as valid.
Window End
Index.#.RegistrationWindowEnd
This parameter defines the end of the Registration Sensor Valid Window relative to start
position of this index. This is an unsigned value and is relative only to starting position of this
index. Index direction does not affect this parameter. The Registration Window start position
is greater than or equal to the Registration point and less than the Registration Window End
position. If a registration sensor is seen outside of this window (not between the WindowStart
and WindowEnd positions) then it will be ignored.
Window Start
Index.#.RegistrationWindowStart
This parameter defines the start of the Registration Sensor Valid Window relative to start
position of this index. This is an unsigned value and is relative only to starting position of this
index. Index direction does not affect this parameter. The Registration Window start position
is greater than or equal to the Registration point and less than the Registration Window End
position. If a registration sensor is seen outside of this window (not between the WindowStart
and WindowEnd positions) then it will be ignored.
Registration Sensor
Index.#.SensorTrigger
If registration to Sensor is selected, when this destination activates, motor position is captured
and is used as the registration point for registration type indexes.
Time Base
Index.#.TimeBase
The time base selects either realtime, which allows velocities, acceleration and deceleration
to be based on real time, or synchronized, which allows for an external synchronization
signal.
Velocity
Index.#.Vel
This parameter sets the target velocity of the specific index. The units for this parameter are
specified in the User Units Setup view. When an index is initiated, it will ramp up to this
velocity at the specified acceleration rate and run at speed until it decelerates to a stop
(assuming the index is not compounded).
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Inertia Ratio
InertiaRatio
This specifies the load to motor inertia ratio. For example, a value of 25.0 specifies that the
load inertia is 25 times the inertia of the motor.
Initially Active
InitiallyActive
This source, when assigned to a destination, will activate the destination on power-up or upon
FM-3 reset. InitiallyActive can be assigned to any destination that does not create motion (i.e.
indexes, jogs, homes, programs).
In Position
InPosn
This source activates when commanded velocity is zero and the absolute value of the
following error is less than the InPosnWindow for at least the amount of time specified in the
InPosnTime parameter.
In Position Time
InPosnTime
This parameter is the minimum amount of time that commanded motion must be complete
and the absolute value of the following error is less than the InPosnWindow parameter for the
InPosn source to activate.
In Position Window
InPosnWindow
The absolute value of the following error must be less than this value at the completion of a
move for the InPosnTime before InPosn will activate.
Any Command Complete
Jog.AnyCommandComplete
The Jog.AnyCommandComplete bit will activate when either Jog 0 or Jog 1 completes its
deceleration ramp and reaches zero commanded speed. It deactivates when another jog is
initiated.
Accelerating
Jog.#.Accelerating
This source is active while a jog is accelerating to its target velocity. Once the jog reaches the
target velocity, the Jog.#.Accererating bit will turn off.
Acceleration
Jog.#.Accel
This parameter is the average acceleration ramp for the specific jog.
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Parameter Descriptions
At Velocity
Jog.#.AtVel
This source activates when the particular jog has reached its target velocity. It deactivates
when accelerating or decelerating to another target jog velocity.
Command Complete
Jog.#.CommandComplete
The Jog.#.CommandComplete source activates when the specific Jog completes its
deceleration ramp and reaches zero commanded speed. It deactivates when the specific Jog is
initiated again.
Command In Progress
Jog.#.CommandInProgress
The Jog.#.CommandInProgress source is high throughout an entire jog profile. The bit goes
high at the start of a jog acceleration ramp, and turns off at the end of a jog deceleration ramp.
Decelerating
Jog.#.Decelerating
This source turns on at the beginning of a jog deceleration ramp and turns off at the
completion of the ramp.
Deceleration
Jog.#.Decel
This parameter is the average deceleration ramp for the specific jog.
Initiate Minus
Jog.#.MinusInitiate
This is used inside a program to initiate a specific jog. When this bit is active, jogging motion
will be initiated in the negative direction at the specified jog velocity.
Initiate Plus
Jog.#.PlusInitiate
This is used inside a program to initiate a specific jog. When this bit is active, jogging motion
will be initiated in the positive direction at the specified jog velocity.
Time Base
Jog.#.TimeBase
The time base selects either realtime, which allows velocities, acceleration and deceleration
to be based on real time, or synchronized, which allows for an external synchronization
signal.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Velocity
Jog.#.Vel
This parameter specifies the velocity used for jogging with the Jog.PlusActivate and
Jog.MinusActivate destinations or the Jog.#.PlusInitiate and Jog.#.MinusInitiate inside a
program. The units for this parameter are specified in the User Units view.
Select
Jog.Select0
This destination is used to select between the jogs. It is used along with the Jog.PlusActivate
and Jog.MinusActivate destinations. If the Jog.Select0 destination is not active then the Jog.0
setup parameters will be used for jogging. If the Jog.Select0 input function is active, the Jog.1
setup parameters will be used for jogging. If the Jog.Select destination is changed during
jogging motion the axis will ramp smoothly from the previously selected jog velocity to the
new jog velocity using the specified jog acceleration. This is level sensitive.
Minus Activate
Jog.MinusActivate
This destination is used to initiate jogging motion in the negative direction using the jog
parameters of the jog selected by the Jog select input function. Jogging will continue as long
as the destination is active. The motor will decelerate to a stop when the destination is
deactivated. This is level sensitive.
Plus Activate
Jog.PlusActivate
This destination is used to initiate jogging motion in the positive direction using the jog
parameters of the jog selected by the Jog select input function. Jogging will continue as long
as the destination is active. The motor will decelerate to a stop when the destination is
deactivated. This is level sensitive.
Stop
Jog.Stop
This is used only in programs to halt jogging motion. Jogging motion is initiated in programs
using the Jog.#.MinusActivate or Jog..#.PlusActivate instructions, and using the Jog.Stop
will cause the motor to decelerate to a stop at the Jog.#.Decel rate for the jog that is active.
Line Voltage
LineVoltage
This parameter is used to calculate critical internal gains. There are two possible value: 115
or 230 VAC. A value of 115 VAC should not be used if the actual line voltage is 230,
otherwise damage to the E Series drive may result. The default value is 230 VAC.
BaudRate
Modbus baudrate for this FM module and drive.
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Modbus.BaudRate
Parameter Descriptions
Modbus Id
Modbus.ModbusId
Modbus ID # for this FM module and drive.
Debounced
ModuleInput.#.Debounced
This is the state of the input after the debounce is taken into account.
Module Input Debounce Time
ModuleInput.#.DebounceTime
The Module Input Debounce Time parameter is the minimum time a digital input must be on
in order to be recognized by the FM-3. This feature helps prevent false triggering in
applications in electrically noisy environments.
Module Input Force
ModuleInput.#.Force
Input can be forced either On or Off. This bit is the state to which the input will be forced
when the ForceEnable bit is activated.
Module Input Enable Force
ModuleInput.#.ForceEnable
If ModuleInput.#.ForceEnable is True (or On), then the state of the ModuleInput.#.Force bit
will override the current input state.
Module Input Name
ModuleInput.#.Name
This is a text string up to ten characters that can be assigned to a given input. It allows the user
to use application specific terminology in naming digital inputs.
Module Input Raw
ModuleInput.#.Raw
This is the raw state of the digital input without debounce or forcing to override the raw status.
Module Input Status
ModuleInput.#.Status
This source is the state of the input after debounce and forcing are taken into account.
Module Output Force
ModuleOutput.#.Force
A module output can be forced either On or Off. If the ForceEnable bit is activated, the
ModuleOutput.#.State will be set to this value.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
ModuleOutput Enable Force
ModuleOutput.#.ForceEnable
If ModuleOutput.#.ForceEnable is activated, then the state of the ModuleOutput.#.Force bit
will override the current output state.
ModuleOutput Name
ModuleOutput.#.Name
User assigned name to the hardware output.
ModuleOutput State
ModuleOutput.#State
This destination sets the current state of an output line.
Module Serial Number
ModuleSerialNumber
This is the FM-3 module serial number.
Motor Type
MotorType
This parameter is used to select the motor type.
Name
User name for this FM-3 axis can have a length up to 12 characters. This can be used to help
differentiate setup files.
PLS Direction
PLS.#.Direction
This parameter specifies the direction of motion that a particular PLS output will function. If
set to Both, the PLS will activate regardless of whether the axis is moving in the positive or
negative direction. If set to Plus, the PLS will activate only when the axis is moving in the
positive direction. If set to Minus, the PLS will activate only when the axis is moving in the
negative direction. A flying cutoff or flying shear application may use this feature to activate
the PLS to fire the knife only when the axis is moving in the positive direction.
PLS Off Point
PLS.#.OffPosn
PLS.#.Status will be active when the selected source position is between the PLS.#.OnPosn
and the PLS.#.OffPosn. The terms On and Off assume you are traveling in a positive
direction. Assume that the PLS.#.Direction is set to "Both". When traveling in the positive
direction and the position feedback reaches the OnPosn, the PLS.#.Status will activate. As the
motor continues in the same direction, the PLS.#.Status will deactivate when feedback
position reaches or exceeds the OffPosn. If motor travel changes to the negative direction,
the PLS.#.Status will activate when position feedback reaches the OffPosn, and will
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Parameter Descriptions
deactivate when it continues past the OnPosn. The important thing to remember is that the
PLS.#.Status will be active if between the PLS On and Off points.
If using negative values for the OnPosn and OffPosn, the most negative value should go in
the OnPosn parameter, and the least negative value should go in the OffPosn.
If the PLS has a rollover point, and the OnPosn is greater than the OffPosn, the PLS will be
active whenever the axis is not between the On and Off positions, and inactive whenever the
axis is between the two positions. However, the PLS.#.Status will not turn on until it reaches
the OnPosn the first time.
PLS On Point
PLS.#.OnPosn
PLS.#.Status will be active when the selected source position is between the PLS.#.OnPosn
and the PLS.#.OffPosn. The terms On and Off assume the motor is traveling in a positive
direction. Assume that the PLS.#.Direction is set to "Both". When traveling in the positive
direction and the position feedback reaches the OnPosn, the PLS.#.Status will activate. As the
motor continues in the same direction, the PLS.#.Status will deactivate when feedback
position reaches or exceeds the OffPosn. If motor travel changes to the negative direction,
the PLS.#.Status will activate when position feedback reaches the OffPosn, and will
deactivate when it continues past the OnPosn. The important thing to remember is that the
PLS.#.Status will be active if between the PLS On and Off points.
If using negative values for your OnPosn and OffPosn, the most negative value should go in
the OnPosn parameter, and the least negative value should go in the OffPosn.
If the PLS has a rollover point, and the OnPosn is greater than the OffPosn, the PLS will be
active whenever the axis is not between the On and Off positions, and inactive whenever the
axis is between the two positions. However, the PLS.#.Status will not turn on until it reaches
the OnPosn the first time.
PLS Enable
PLS.#.PLSEnable
This destination is used to enable an individual PLS. A PLS can be enabled though the
Assignments view in PowerTools FM3 or from a program. If enabled, the PLS will begin to
function as soon as the drive has been homed or a DefineHome destination has been activated.
Master Posn Valid must be active (Master Define Home is activated) if using a master signal
for PLS source.
PLS Rollover Enable
PLS.#.RotaryRolloverEnable
This parameter is used to enable the RotaryRolloverPosn for the individual PLS.
PLS Rollover Position
PLS.#.RotaryRolloverPosn
This parameter is the absolute position of the first repeat position for this PLS. When enabled
it causes the PLS to repeat every time this distance is passed. The repeating range begins at
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
an absolute position of zero and ends at the RotaryRolloverPosn. For example in a rotary
application a PLS could be setup with an OnPosn of 90 degrees and an OffPosn of 100
degrees. If the RotaryRolloverPosition is set to 360 degrees the PLS would come on at 90, go
off at 100, go on at 450 (360+90), go off at 460 (360+100), go on at 810 (2*360+90), go off
at 820 (2*360+100), and continue repeating every 360 degrees forever.
PLS Source
PLS.#.Source
PLSs can be assigned to three different sources: MotorPosnFeedback, MotorPosnCommand,
or MasterPosnFeedback. This parameter determines which position signal the PLS uses to
reference its OnPosn and OffPosn in order to determine its PLS.#.Status parameter.
PLS Status
PLS.#.Status
This source is active when the position of the PLS source (motor or master) is greater than or
equal to the OnPosn and less than the OffPosn.
Positive Direction
PositiveDirection
This bit is used to select which direction of motor rotation is considered motion in the positive
direction. Select from CW or CCW.
Position Command
PosnCommand
Position command sent to the EN drive by the FM-3. This parameter does not take following
error into account. See also PosnFeedback and FollowingError. Units are in user units.
Position Error Integral Enable
PosnErrorIntegralEnable
This parameter is used to enable the position error integral compensation. See also Position
Error Integral Time Constant.
Position Error Integral Time Constant
PosnErrorIntegralTimeConstant
Position Error Integral parameter is a control term, which can be used in Pulse mode to
compensate for the continuous torque required to hold a vertical load against gravity or to
minimize following error.
The user configures this control term using the “Position Error Integral Time Constant”
parameter. This parameter determines how quickly the drive will correct for in-position
following error. The time constant is in milliseconds and defines how long it will take to
decrease the following error to 37 percent of the original value. In certain circumstances the
value actually used by the drive will be greater than the value specified here.
Min Time Constant = 1000/Response
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Parameter Descriptions
For example, with “Response” set to 50, the minimum time constant value is 1000/50 = 20
msec.
Position Feedback
PosnFeedback
Feedback position is the actual motor position in user units. PosnCommand minus the
PosnFeedback is the FollowingError
Position Feedback In Counts
PosnFeedbackInCounts
Motor encoder position in encoder counts since power up. This position reflects the feedback
position of the motor and is not scaled into user units. It can be used to confirm the exact
position of the motor in applications where precise positioning is required.
Power Stage Enabled
PowerStageEnabled
This source (output function) is active when the drive's power stage is enabled.
PowerUpCount
Number of times the drive has been powered up since it was manufactured.
PowerUpTime
Time elapsed since last drive power-up. Units is minutes.
PowerUpTimeTotal
Total power up time since the drive was manufactured. Units is hours.
Any Complete
Program.AnyComplete
This source is activated when any program ends normally. If a program ends due to a fault
or the stop destination, this source does not activate. Deactivates when any program is
initiated.
Initiate
Program.#.Initiate
When activated, this destination initiates the specified program unless a program, index,
home, or jog is already executing or a stop is active.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Name
Program.#.Name
This is a character string which the user can assign to an individual program. It allows the
user to give a descriptive name to programs for ease of use.
Program Complete
Program.#.ProgramComplete
This source is activated when a specific program ends normally. If the program ends due to
a fault or the stop destination, this source does not activate. Deactivates when the specific
program is initiated again.
Response
The Response parameter adjusts the velocity loop bandwidth with a range of 1 to 500 Hz. In
general, it affects how quickly the drive will respond to commands, load disturbances and
velocity corrections. A good value to start with (the default) is 50 Hz.
Rotary Rollover Enable
RotaryRolloverEnable
This parameter is used in applications with a predefined repeat length. One example would
be a rotary table with a rotary rollover position of 360 degrees. The position will rollover to
zero when the axis position gets to 360 degrees. (358, 359, 359.999, 0.0000, 1, 2, and so on.)
The rollover point is defined to be exactly the same position as 0.
Selector Input Destinations
Selector.SelectLinesUsed
The selector is a binary to decimal decoder. This parameter selects the number of destinations
(input lines) to be used by the selector. The number of lines used determines the number of
sources (selections) that can be made by the selector; that is 2 input lines can select 4
destinations (selections), 5 input lines can select 32 destinations. Range is 1 to 8.
Select
Selector.#.Select
This source selects Binary inputs to the selector, usually assigned to input lines. This is level
sensitive.
Selection
Selector.#.Selection
This source selects Decimal outputs from the selector, assigned to indexes, homes or
programs.
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Parameter Descriptions
Initiate
Selector.SelectorInitiate
When this destination is activated, the selector checks the status of all Selector.Select
destinations to determine which Selector.Selection to activate.
ShuntActive
This source is active when the drive's internal shunt is active (conducting current).
ShuntPowerRMS
This parameter models the thermal heating and cooling of the drive internal shunt. This
parameter indicates the percent of shunt capacity utilization and is based on the Heat Sink
RMS value. When this value reaches 100 percent the drive will generate an RMS Shunt
Power Fault. This is only applicable to the EN-208 and EN-214.
Enable Software Travel Limits
SoftwareTravelLimitEnable
Software travel limits can be used to limit machine travel. They are often setup inside the
hardware travel limits to add a level of protection from exceeding the machines travel limits.
The SoftwareTravelLimitMinusActive source (output function) is active when the
SoftwareTravelLimitMinusPosn is reached or exceeded. Motion is halted using the
TravelLimitDecel whenever a hardware or software travel limit is hit or exceeded. Software
travel limits are not active unless Absolute Position Valid is active.
Software Travel Limit Minus Activate
SoftwareTravelLimitMinusActive
The SoftwareTravelLimitMinusActive source is active when the
SoftwareTravelLimitMinusPosn is reached or exceeded. Motion will come to a stop using the
TravelLimitDecel ramp. Software travel limits are not active unless enabled and Absolute
Position Valid is active.
Software Travel Limit Plus Activate
SoftwareTravelLimitMinusPosn
The SoftwareTravelLimitMinusActive source will activate when the
SoftwareTravelLimitMinusPosn is reached or exceeded. Motion will come to a stop using the
TravelLimitDecel. Software travel limits are not active unless enabled and Absolute Position
Valid is active.
Software Travel Limit Plus Active
SoftwareTravelLimitPlusActive
The SoftwareTravelLimitPlusActive source is active when the SoftwareTravelLimitPlusPosn
is reached or exceeded. Motion will come to a stop using the TravelLimitDecel ramp.
Software travel limits are not active unless enabled and Absolute Position Valid is active.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Software Travel Limit Plus Position
SoftwareTravelLimitPlusPosn
The SoftwareTravelLimitPlusActive source is active when the SoftwareTravelLimitPlusPosn
is reached or exceeded. Motion is halted using the TravelLimitDecel whenever a hardware or
software travel limit is hit or exceeded. Software travel limits are not active unless enabled
and Absolute Position Valid is active.
Stop
Activate this destination to stop all motion and programs. If Stop is activated when a Jog,
Index, Home or Program is in progress, they will decelerate to zero speed at the Stop Decel
ramp. When Stop is active, all Jog, Home, Index and Program initiate destinations will be
ignored. When it is deactivated, all level sensitive and active input functions
(Jog.0.PlusActivate, Jog.0.MinusActivate, etc.) will become operational. For example, if the
Jog.PlusActivate input function is active when the Stop input function is deactivated, the
Jog.Plus motion will initiate using the acceleration found in the Jog.0.Accel parameter. This
is level sensitive.
Stop Deceleration
StopDecel
Deceleration rate used when the Stop destination is activated.
Torque Command
TorqueCommand
This parameter is the torque command value before it is limited. The torque command may
be limited by either the Torque Limit (if the Torque Limit Enable destination is active) or
current foldback.
Limited Torque Command
TorqueCommandLimited
This is the actual torque commanded to the motor. This value is the result after the
TorqueCommand is limited by the current foldback or the TorqueLimit value (if enabled).
Torque Level
TorqueLevel
This parameter is compared to the TorqueCommand. If the absolute value of the
TorqueCommand is greater than or equal to the TorqueLevel the TorqueLevelActive source
is activated. This parameter is specified in Torque User Units.
Torque Level Active
TorqueLevelActive
This source is used to indicate that the absolute value of the TorqueCommand is greater than
or equal to the TorqueLevel setting.
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Parameter Descriptions
Torque Limit
TorqueLimit
This is the level to which the TorqueCommand will be limited when the TorqueLimitEnable
input function is active.
Torque Limit Active
TorqueLimitActive
Active when the TorqueCommand is greater than the TorqueLimit and the
TorqueLimitEnable input function is active.
Torque Limit
TorqueLimitEnable
This destination is used to enable the TorqueLimit. This is level sensitive.
Travel Limit Minus Activate
TravelLimitMinusActivate
This destination is used to activate the travel limit minus fault. It should be assigned to the
travel limit minus sensor. When it is activated the drive will decelerate to a stop using the
deceleration rate defined in the TravelLimitDecel parameter. This is level sensitive.
Travel Limit Plus Activate
TravelLimitPlusActivate
This destination is used to activate the travel limit plus fault. It should be assigned to the travel
limit plus sensor. When it is activated the drive will decelerate to a stop using the deceleration
rate defined in the TravelLimitDecel parameter. This is level sensitive.
Travel Limit Deceleration
TravelLimitDecel
This parameter defines the ramp used to decelerate the motor to a stop when any travel limit
is activated
Travel Limit Minus Active
TravelLimitMinusActive
This source is active when the TravelLimitMinusActivate is active.
Travel Limit Plus Active
TravelLimitPlusActive
This source is active when the TravelLimitPlusActivate is active.
Decimal Places
TorqueUnits.Decimal
This parameter is the decimal point location for user torque units.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Units Name
TorqueUnits.Name
The User can specify a torque unit name of up to 12 characters. Default is % Cont..
Percent Continuous
TorqueUnits.PercentContinuousCurrent
This parameter is the denominator of torque scaling factor. This is an amount of continuous
current in percent that is equal to the TorqueUnits.Torque parameter.
Torque
TorqueUnits.Torque
This parameter is the numerator of the torque scaling factor. This is an amount of torque in
Torque User Units that is equivalent to one unit of PercentContinuousCurrent (denominator
of scaling factor). This scaling factor is used to relate actual current or torque to user units.
Velocity Command
VelCommand
The Velocity Command is the velocity that the FM-3 drive is commanding the motor to run
at. This command is generated by the drive velocity control loop. It is displayed in user units.
Velocity Feedback
VelFeedback
This is the feedback (or actual) velocity. It will always return the actual motor velocity, even
in synchronized applications in which the master axis is halted during a move.
Decimal Places
VelocityUnits.Decimal
This parameter is used to select the number of decimal places used in velocity units scaling.
Using a high number of decimal places will improve velocity resolution, but will also limit
the maximum velocity. This parameter is selectable between 0 and 6 decimal places. The
number of decimal places set in this parameter determines the number of decimal places used
in all velocity parameters throughout the PowerTools FM-3 software.
Scaling
VelocityUnits.ScalingFlag
This parameter enables separate velocity and distance user units, name and scaling.
VelocityUnits.DistVelScale
Velocity units can be scaled to different from distance units, i.e. user distance units are inches
and velocity units are feet per minute, instead of inches per minute. To do this, simply enter
12 to set 1 foot equal to 12 inches (1 velocity unit = 12 distance units). Range is 1 to 1000,
integers only.
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Parameter Descriptions
Units Name
VelocityUnits.Name
If the user wants the velocity units to have a different distance scaling than the distance units
a name can be entered here up to 12 characters, e.g. user distance units are inches and velocity
units are feet per minute.
Time Scale
VelocityUnits.TimeScale
Velocity time scale can be set to user units per second or user units per minute, used for all
real-time velocities throughout the PowerTools FM-3 software.
Parameters Saved to NVM
The following parameters will be saved to Non-Volatile Memory (NVM). See the How
Communications Work section of the Operational Overview chapter for more details.
•
AccelerationType
•
DefineHomePosition
•
FeedholdDecelerationTime
•
FeedrateOverride
•
FollowingErrorLimit
•
StopDeceleration
•
TorqueLevel
•
Torque Limit
•
TravelLimitDeceleration
•
Home.#.Acceleration
•
Home.#.Deceleration
•
Home.#.LimitDistance
•
Home.#.Position
•
Home.#.SpecifiedOffset
•
Home.#.Velocity
•
Index.#.Acceleration
•
Index.#.Deceleration
•
Index.#.Distance
•
Index.#.PLSEnable
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
128
•
Index.#.PLSOffDistance
•
Index.#.PLSOnDistance
•
Index.#.RegistrationOffset
•
Index.#.RegistrationWindowEnd
•
Index.#.RegistrationWindowStart
•
Index.#.Velocity
•
Jog.#.Acceleration
•
Jog.#.Deceleration
•
Jog.#.Velocity
•
MasterDistUnits.CharacteristicDistance
•
MasterDistUnits.Counts
•
MasterEncoder.DefineHomePosition
•
PLS.#.OffPosition
•
PLS.#.OnPosition
•
PLS.#.RotaryRolloverPosition
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Installation
Basic Installation Notes
You are required to follow all safety precautions during start-up such as providing proper
equipment grounding, correctly fused power and an effective Emergency Stop circuit which
can immediately remove power in the case of a malfunction. See the “Safety Considerations”
section for more information.
Mechanical Installation
The FM-3 detects and verifies the drive serial number when its attached to an E Series drive.
If an FM-3 is moved from one drive to another, it will detect the difference in serial numbers
and generate an Invalid Configuration fault.
Two aligning tabs, a locking latch and a 100-pin connector are used to attach the FM-3 to an
E Series drive. All electrical connections between the FM-3 and the E Series drive are
accomplished with the single connector located on the rear of the FM-3.
Continue pressing the FM
against the drive until the
latch clicks into the slot
on the top of the drive.
4
1
Grip the FM
firmly on
each side.
3
Gently press the
FM against the
drive, aligning the
100-pin connector.
2
Insert the
aligning tabs
into the slots
on the drive.
Figure 54:
Attaching the FM-3 to an E Series Drive
Caution
Do not attach or detach the FM-3 when power is applied to the drive. It could cause drive
instability.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Press down on the
latch located on
the top of the FM.
2
Gently pull the FM away from
the drive. A slight rocking
motion may be used to loosen
the FM's connector.
3
Grip the FM 1
on each side
of the LCD.
4
Continue pulling the top
of the FM away from the
drive until the connector
clears the drive. Lift the
FM out of the aligning
tab slot and away from
the drive.
Figure 55:
Detaching the FM-3 from the Drive Connections
Caution
Do not attach or detach the FM-3 when power is applied to the drive It could cause drive
instability.
Modbus Communications
The drive’s serial communication protocol is Modbus RTU slave with a 32 bit data extension.
The Modbus protocol is available on most operator interface panels and PLC’s.
Serial Communications Specifications
Max baud rate
Start bit
Stop bit
19.2k (default)
1
2
Parity
none
Data
8
EMERSON Motion Control’s Motion Interface panels are supplied with a Modbus master
communications driver.
130
Installation
Software Installation
Emerson Motion Control PowerTools® FM-3 software was designed for users who need
access to all setup options and diagnostic information for the drive. The software provides
access to all commonly used drive parameters.
PC System Configuration
Required:
•
Microsoft® Windows® 95/98 or Microsoft Windows NT® 4.0 (service pack 3)
•
Serial port
•
Mouse
•
3.5" floppy drive for installation
Recommended:
•
16 MB or more RAM for Windows 95/98, and 32 MB or more for Windows NT.
•
Up to 45 MB of hard disk space required for a full installation; 15 MB for minimum
installation.
Optional:
•
Windows-compatible printer
•
Modem and Internet access
Preparing for PowerTools FM-3 Installation
•
Close all programs and turn off virus protection software to prevent installation conflicts.
•
If you have another version of PowerTools on your computer and do not want to overwrite
that version, change the default installation folder for PowerTools during installation
setup.
•
To avoid overwriting programs you have customized or created, place them into a
separate folder before you install.
Installing PowerTools FM-3
You must be running Microsoft Windows 95/98 or Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 to install M-3.
To install PowerTools:
1. Insert the PowerTools disk 1 into the floppy drive.
2. From the Start menu, choose Run.
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3. In the Run dialog box, type a:/setup, where a is the letter assigned to your 3.5" floppy
drive.
4. Click the OK button, then follow the instructions on your screen.
Installation will take about five minutes. The install program automatically:
•
Creates the directory on your hard drive named:
C:\EMERSON\PT-FM3
•
Creates a new Windows group called "EMERSON Motion Control-FM3".
•
Loads the required DLL’s into your Windows system directory.
•
Loads PowerTools into the EMERSON\PT-FM3 directory.
•
Loads drive setup files into the EMERSON\APPS directory.
Note
To complete the installation for Windows 98 and NT, you may be required to restart
Windows.
Refer to the readme.txt file located on the installation floppy for more information.
If You Need Help with Installation
If you encounter problems while installing PowerTools, call Technical Support at (952)9958033 (24 hour assistance).
Starting and Exiting PowerTools
Starting the Software
1. Click the Start button on the taskbar at the bottom left of the screen.
2. Click on the Programs selection. The Programs menu appears.
3. Click on the “EMERSON Motion Control” folder icon.
4. Click on the “PowerTools” folder icon.
5. Click on the PowerTools program icon.
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Exiting the Software
Choose File from the menubar, then click Exit. If you are using the keyboard, press the
shortcut key combination Alt+F, X.
If you made changes, PowerTools displays an Alert dialog box asking whether you want to
save your current work. Click the Yes button or press Enter to save your work, or click the No
button to quit without saving.
Accessing Help
All PowerTools tabs and dialog boxes provide a Help button. This retrieves help for that
particular subject and provides details to assist you in the use of each tab or dialog box. Also,
provided is a index-based help system. There is the ability to search the online help using a
keyword. Lastly, PowerTools has context sensitive help capability.
Online Help displays detailed procedural and reference information. It contains some
information that does not appear in this manual.
To display Help in PowerTools, do one of the following:
•
Press F1.
•
Choose a command from the Help menu.
•
Click the Help button on a dialog box or tab.
•
Click the Help icon on the toolbar.
•
Click the Context Sensitive Help button on the toolbar and then the field on the tab.
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Quick Start
The quick start guide provides information on the basic operation and functions of the FM-3.
The quick start steps cover only the most basic steps required to setup a FM-3 for use with a
drive.
Basic Setup Steps
Step 1: Opening a New Configuration Window
To open a new configuration window, click either on the New File icon at the left end of the
Emerson Motion Control PowerTools® FM-3 toolbar, or click on File-New from the
pulldown menu as shown in Figure 56:.
Figure 56:
Opening a new Configuration
This opens a new offline configuration window allowing you to setup all FM-3 parameters.
The communication status remains “offline” until the configuring is complete and you
download the application to the FM-3.
Step 2: Enter All Setup Data
General Setup View
The FM-3 software view is broken up into two areas. The left side view contains the
configuration hierarchy window, which acts as a navigation frame. Some elements in the
hierarchy can be expanded to show more detailed setup views. Elements with a “+” icon to
the left of them may be expanded for added detail.
To expand the element, place your mouse pointer over the “+” symbol and click on it using
the left mouse button. The group then expands to show the setup views underneath it. To
collapse the expanded group, click on the “-“ symbol located to the left of the group heading.
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To select one of the individual setup views, click on the element in the hierarchy view. The
element will then be highlighted, and the right side of the view will show all setup parameters
for that subject. Figure 2 shows the Setup view selected.
Figure 57:
General Setup View
On this view, you must enter the following parameters before entering other setup views:
Drive Type – Select, from the list box, the type of drive to which the FM-3 is attached.
Motor Type – Select, from the list box, the type of motor being used in this application.
Line Voltage – Select, from the list box, the line voltage applied (115VAC or 230VAC).
Target Drive Address – Enter the Modbus address for this drive/FM-3 system. PowerTools
FM-3 will download the configuration to that specific drive only.
Please take the time to check that these parameters are correct.
User Units View
Determine which types of units the drive should use to measure motion and enter them on this
view. Figure 3 shows the Setup group in the hierarchy expanded with the User Units element
selected.
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Quick Start
Figure 58:
User Units View
Now setup the parameters in the Distance group on the User Units view. The Tab key is used
to easily jump through the available parameters. After entering data in a field, press the Tab
key to move to the next parameter. The parameters you must fill out are as follows:
Units Name – Enter the character string you wish to use for your distance units.
Decimal Places – Enter the number of digits after the decimal place you wish to use in all
distance parameters throughout the software (i.e. index distances/positions, PLS On/Off
points). Use the spinner window Up/down buttons to increase or decrease the number of
digits.
Distance Units Scaling – Enter the number of User Units the motor/load travels for each
revolution of the motor. You must enter the numerator and the denominator for this scaling
factor.
Master Units View
Use this view if you wish to set parameters for synchronized motion.
Position View
The Settings group on this view sets the Define Home Position.
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Figure 59:
Position View
To setup following error limit and software travel limits, fill out the following parameters in
the Limits Group:
Enable Following Error – This checkbox enables (when checked) and disables the
following error fault capability. If checked, a following error fault is generated whenever
following error exceeds the value entered in the parameter box. If unchecked, a following
error fault will never be generated.
Following Error Limit – If Following Error meets or exceeds this value, a Following Error
Fault will be generated.
Enable Software Travel Limits - This checkbox enables (when checked) and disables the
software travel limits. If enabled, the software travel limits are not active unless the Absolute
Position Valid Source is active. (For more information please see Software Travel Limits
information in the Setting Up Parameters section of the Reference Manual.)
Software Travel Limit + and - - If the position feedback ever exceeds these values when
traveling in a positive or negative direction, the motor will come to a stop at the Travel Limit
Decel rate defined on the Ramps view.
Velocity View
This view sets up the feedrate override velocity. If your application does not call for an overall
scaling factor, leave this at the default of 100%.
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Quick Start
Ramps View
You must setup the deceleration rate to be used on the Ramps view if a travel limit is
encountered.
Figure 60:
Ramps View
Travel Limit Decel – The deceleration ramp is used if either a Software or Hardware Travel
Limit is encountered. The deceleration units of the ramp are defined in the User Units setup
view under the Acceleration group.
Torque View
If your application calls for specific torque levels and limits, use the parameters on this view.
Tuning View
EN Series Drives are designed to handle a 10:1 inertia mismatch without a tuning
requirement. If you have calculated and know the inertia mismatch, the value can be entered
on the Tuning view for ideal drive response and velocity regulation.
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Figure 61:
Tuning View
Inertia Ratio - This parameter is the ratio between the reflected inertia of the load and the
inertia of the motor rotor. For assistance in calculating the Inertia ratio, see the Determining
Tuning Parameter Values section of the FM-3 Reference Manual.
PLS View
Use this view to setup Programmable Limit Switches (PLS), if your application requires
them. They are assigned in the same way as the Assignments views in Step 3 of this guide.
Step 3: Making Assignments
The Assignments view is found by expanding the I/O Setup group in the hierarchy. The
Assignments define how the system operates. Sources, located on the left side of the view,
are functions or events that activate based on drive/motor activity. Destinations, located on
the right side of the view, are functions that need to be triggered or activated (i.e. Index
Initiate, Program Initiate, etc.).
The example application requires initiating three indexes using three separate hardware
inputs. Therefore, the Input sources need to be assigned to the Index Initiate destinations.
To make an assignment, position your mouse pointer over the source you wish to assign to a
destination, click and hold the left mouse button. While still holding the button, drag your
pointer over the destination where you wish to assign this source, and release the button. The
“Assigned To” and the “Set From” columns should then reflect the assignment that has been
made. Figure 7 shows how these assignments are made.
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Quick Start
Click and Hold
Release
Figure 62:
Making Assignments
Notice that a Name can be associated to each input line. Each input line can also have a
debounce time.
Name – This 12-character string allows a descriptive name assigned to an input line. This
makes the configuration easier to follow.
Debounce – This is the minimum time a specific input must be on, for recognition by the
drive/FM-3. This helps prevent false triggering for applications in electrically noisy
environments. The units for this parameter are seconds, with resolution of 0.001 seconds.
The Output Lines view shows assignments that have been made to the Outputs group of
Destinations in the assignment view. Assignments to this view are made in the same way as
assignments to the Input Lines view. After all assignments have been made, the Output Lines
view may look like Figure 8.
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Figure 63:
Output Lines View
A name can also be given to each hardware output line. Figure 8 shows how to enter a name
for an individual output line.
Name – This 12-character string allows a descriptive name assignment to an output line. This
makes the configuration easier to follow.
Step 4: Setting Up Motion Parameters
Now that all of the assignments have been made, you next setup the jog, home, and index
definitions. To do this, it is necessary to expand the Motion group in the hierarchy window.
Jog Setup
The Jog views allow you to setup any jogs required by your application. Select either the Jog0
or Jog1 to enter the specific Jog parameters. Figure 11 shows Jog1 setup view (renamed Jog
Fast). Once in the individual jog views, the up and down arrows next to the Jog Number
parameter can be used to scroll between the jog views (see Figure 9). The following jog
parameters have been defined on this view:
Jog Name - Jog0 has been named Jog Slow and Jog1 named Jog Fast. This is a 12-character
string that allows you to give a descriptive name to a jog profile.
Jog Velocity – Is the target velocity for the Jog profile. If the Jog.Select0 destination is
inactive, the Jog0 velocity is the target velocity, if Jog.Select0 is active, then Jog1 velocity is
used.
Jog Acceleration – Is the average acceleration rate used when accelerating to the target
velocity.
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Figure 64:
Jog Setup View
Jog Deceleration - Is the average deceleration rate used when decelerating to zero speed or
to the new target velocity.
Home Setup
Next, select the Home view from the hierarchy window. Figure 10 shows the Home view and
its associated home parameters.
Home Reference – Determines what signal is used as the home reference. The available
options are an external sensor, the encoder marker pulse, or both. If sensor is selected, the
home profile will travel at its target velocity until the Home.0.SensorTrigger is activated.
Velocity – Is the target velocity for the home move. The home move travels at this velocity,
until the home reference is seen and then stops. If the motor overshoots the sensor, a reverse
move is initiated. Other functions may cause additional motion.
Acceleration – Is the average acceleration rate used to accelerate to the target velocity.
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Figure 65:
Home Setup View
Deceleration - Is the average deceleration rate used to decelerate from the target velocity to
zero velocity at the completion of the home.
Home Offset – By selecting a specified offset, the home will travel at a set velocity until the
home reference signal is detected, then travel an additional set distance, before coming to a
stop. The deceleration ramp begins at the proper time, to ensure the home completes precisely
at the specified offset distance after the home reference was detected. In order to decelerate
to a stop immediately upon detecting the home reference, select the “Calculated Offset” radio
box.
Limit Distance – Is the maximum incremental distance the home move will travel without
seeing a home reference signal. If the home move does travel this distance without seeing a
home reference, it will come to a stop exactly at this point, and the Home.0.LimitDistHit
source will activate. If the box is left unchecked, the home move will continue without limit,
until a home reference is seen.
Index Setup
Next, setup any indexes required by your application. Select one of the indexes from the
hierarchy window. Figure 11 shows Index0 (renamed Position A).
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Quick Start
Figure 66:
Index Setup View (Absolute Type)
Indexes use the following parameters:
Index Name - Is a 12-character string that gives a descriptive name to an index.
Index Type – Selects the desired type of index from the list box. An Absolute index means
the load will travel to an exact position with respect to the home reference point. This index
will cause motion in either a positive or negative direction depending on current position of
the load with respect to the home reference point. An Incremental index means that the load
travels an exact distance from the start of the index.
Position/Distance – If using an absolute index, this is the desired final position after the index
is complete. If using an incremental index, then this is the distance you want the load to move
from the start of the index. This is a signed value.
Velocity – This is the target velocity of the index profile. The velocity parameter is unsigned
and is always greater than zero. Direction of the index is not determined by the velocity, but
by the Distance/Position parameter.
Acceleration – Is the average acceleration rate used when accelerating to the target index
velocity.
Deceleration - Is the average deceleration rate used when decelerating to zero speed, or to the
new target velocity.
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Figure 67:
Index Setup View (Incremental Type)
Now that all of the motion parameters are setup, the jogs and indexes can be initiated through
assignments to hardware inputs that were made on the assignment view.
Step 5: Creating a Program
Now that the drive setup is complete, assignments are made, and motion profiles are defined,
you are ready to create the program. To do this, expand the Program group in the hierarchy
window, and select Program 0. Figure 13 shows the programming window and the available
instructions.
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Quick Start
Click and Hold
Release
Figure 68:
Program View
The window in the middle of the view allows selection from a list of Program Flow and
Motion instructions. To insert an instruction into the programming window, you can use the
“drag-and-drop” method also used in making assignments. Simply position your mouse
pointer over the instruction you wish to use, click the left mouse button and hold it down.
While holding the button down, move your pointer into the programming window, and
release the mouse button.
To expand the useable area of the programming view, use the Hide/Show Hierarchy on the
PowerTools FM-3 toolbar. Figure 14 shows this utility. By clicking on the icon once, the
hierarchy window will be hidden, allowing for a larger programming window. To show the
hierarchy again, simply click on the icon a second time. Clicking on the icon alternates
between showing and hiding the hierarchy view.
The Hide/Show Hierarchy icon can be used on any view in the PowerTools FM-3 software,
but will primarily be of use in the Programs view and the Assignments view.
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Figure 69:
Program View (Expanded)
A comment is automatically inserted after the index instruction, which shows key data about
the specific index. Notice comments start with the ‘ apostrophe character.
A “Wait For Index.AnyCommandComplete” instruction is automatically inserted after each
Index.Initiate. This ensures that the index has completed before the program continues on to
the next line of code.
Once all of the program instructions have been inserted, your program window may look like
Figure 14.
Now the program is complete, and is ready to be run. In order to run the program, the drive
must be enabled and the setup parameters must be downloaded. Once the download is
complete, verify the drive is enabled and initiate your program.
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Quick Start
Example Application Start Up
Software Travel Limits
0
20
Home Prox
Figure 70:
Example System
In order to make the setup easier to understand in this guide, the guide will use an example
setup. The example application used in the quick start guide is a ball screw application (see
the drawing above).
The example uses these functions:
3 Indexes (Initiated through Assignments or through a Program)
2 Jogs
1 Home (to Sensor)
1 Program
Software Travel Limits
Following Error Limit
Several Setup Views do not require any setup for this example application, and therefore have
been skipped. After opening a new Configuration Window and inputting information on the
Setup view, move to the User Units view.
User Units View
This example requires use of distance units “Inches” versus the default units “revs”. The
example has a linear device that moves 1.00 Inch per 1 motor Revolution. Figure 3 shows the
Setup group in the hierarchy expanded with the User Units element selected.
The parameters you must fill out are as follows:
Units Name – Enter the character string you wish to use for your distance units, such as
“Inches” for this example.
Decimal Places – Enter the number of digits after the decimal place you wish to use in all
distance parameters throughout the software (i.e. index distances/positions). The example
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selects three digits allowing resolution of 0.001 Inches on all distance variables. Use the
spinner window Up/down buttons.
Distance Units Scaling – Enter the number of User Units the motor/load travels for each
revolution of the motor. You must enter the numerator and the denominator for this scaling
factor, but for this example, the denominator (bottom portion of the ratio) is at 1.
Position View
The example wishes to limit the Following Error to 0.25 Inches or one motor revolution, and
the Software Travel Limits of +20 and 0 Inches.
To setup following error limit and software travel limits, fill out the following parameters in
the Limits Group:
Enable Following Error – Enable this checkbox.
Following Error Limit – The example uses a limit of 0.25 Inches.
Enable Software Travel Limits – Enable this checkbox.
Software Travel Limit + and - - If the position feedback ever exceeds these values when
traveling in a positive or negative direction, the motor will come to a stop at the Travel Limit
Decel rate defined on the Ramps view
Tuning View
This example application has an inertia mismatch of 3.5:1 and has been entered as seen in
Figure 6.
Making Assignments
Using this process, three individual assignments are made. The example application wants to
turn on an output when each index completes. Therefore, Index Complete sources will be
assigned to the hardware Output destinations. Figure 15 shows this process.
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Quick Start
Click and Hold
Release
Figure 71:
Assignments View
The Input Lines view shows all of the assignments that have been made to the Inputs group
of Sources. After all assignments for the example application have been made, the Input
Lines view should look like Figure 17.
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Figure 72:
Input Lines View
Notice that a Name can be associated to each input line. Each input line can also have a
debounce time. Figure 17 demonstrates how to enter a debounce time for an input line. The
following parameters have been filled in for each input line:
The Output Lines view shows assignments that have been made to the Outputs group of
Destinations in the assignment view. Assignments to this view are made in the same way as
assignments to the Input Lines view. After all assignments have been made for the example
application, the Output Lines view will look like Figure 18.
Figure 73:
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Output Lines View
Quick Start
Home Setup
The example application calls for setup of the following parameters:
Home Reference –The example calls for a Home to Sensor; therefore, “Sensor” is selected
as the home reference. Because of this selection, the home profile will travel at its target
velocity until the Home.0.SensorTrigger is activated. Figure 16, shows the Home.0.Sensor
Trigger has been assigned to ModuleInput.2.
Velocity – The home move travels at this velocity, until the home reference is seen and then
stops. If the motor overshoots the sensor, a reverse move is initiated. Other functions may
cause additional motion. The example application uses a Home Velocity of 20 inches/min.
Acceleration – Is the average acceleration rate used to accelerate to the target velocity. The
example uses an acceleration rate of 100 inches/min/sec.
Index Setup
The example application calls for two Absolute Indexes, and one Incremental Index. Select
one of the indexes from the hierarchy window. Figure 19 shows Index0 (renamed Position
A).
Absolute Index
Figure 74:
Index Setup View (Absolute Type)
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Indexes 0 and 1 are both Absolute type indexes and use the following parameters:
Index Name - Is a 12-character string that gives a descriptive name to an index. Index0 has
been named Position A, and Index1 Position B as seen in Figure 18.
Index Type – Select the desired type of index from the list box. Index0 has been defined as
an Absolute type of index. This means the load will travel to an exact position with respect
to the home reference point. This index will cause motion in either a positive or negative
direction depending on current position of the load with respect to the home reference point.
Position – Is a signed value that specifies the absolute position for the load at the completion
of the index. For absolute indexes, direction of travel is determined by the starting position
of the index. Index 0 has a Position of 10 Inches, and Index 1 has a Position of 0 Inches.
Velocity – Is the target velocity of the index profile. The velocity parameter is unsigned and
is always greater than zero. Direction of the index is not determined by the velocity, but by
the Distance/Position parameter. Velocity of the indexes in the example are 100 inches/min.
Acceleration – Is the average acceleration rate used when accelerating to the target index
velocity.
Deceleration - Is the average deceleration rate used when decelerating to zero speed, or to the
new target velocity.
Incremental Index
The following parameters were setup for Index2:
Index Name - Is a 12-character string that gives a descriptive name to an index. Index2 has
been named Position C as seen in Figure 19.
Index Type – Select the desired type of index from the list box. Index2 has been defined as
an Incremental type of index. This means that the load travels an exact distance from the start
of the index.
Distance – The distance is a signed value that specifies the distance the load will travel from
the start position. The sign of this parameter determines direction of travel for the load. The
distance of Position C has been set to 2.5 inches.
Velocity – Is the target velocity of the index profile. The velocity parameter is unsigned and
is always greater than zero. Direction of the index is determined not by the velocity, but by
the Distance/Position parameter.
Acceleration – Is the average acceleration rate used when accelerating to the target index
velocity.
Deceleration - Is the average deceleration rate used when decelerating to zero speed, or to the
new target velocity.
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Quick Start
Figure 75:
Index Setup View (Incremental Type)
Now that all of the motion parameters are setup, the jogs and indexes can be initiated through
assignments to hardware inputs that were made on the assignment view. See Figure 16 to
determine which input is used to activate which functions.
This example specifies that the indexes must be initiated from assignments, as well as from a
program. So a program must be created using Step 4 of this guide.
Upon initiating the program, it will wait until DriveInput.1 is activated, then run all three
indexes with a 1 second dwell in between each, and then loop back to the top of the program.
The program will run continuously, or until the Stop destination is activated.
The example program uses the following instructions:
Do While / Loop – This program instruction is used to repeat a sequence of code as long as
a test expression is true. The test expression is validated before the loop is entered. If the test
expression is evaluated as False (0), then the code inside the loop will be skipped over. If the
expression is evaluated as True (1), then the code inside the loop will be performed. Upon
reaching the Loop instruction, the program flow returns to the Do While instruction, and the
expression is evaluated again. The example program uses an expression of TRUE, which is
always evaluated as True (1). Therefore the program will run continuously.
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Wait For – This program instruction halts program execution until the expression becomes
True. Once True, the program continues with the next line of code. The example program
uses a Wait For DriveInput.1 so that the program will wait until DriveInput.1 is activated,
then continue on.
Index.Initiate – This program instruction is used to initiate a single index. When using this
instruction, an Index Selection Box will appear allowing you to select the index you wish to
initiate. This selection box is shown in Figure 21.
Figure 76:
Index Selection Box
The program is initiated using DriveInput.4 (see Figure 17).
The setup is now complete, and the example is ready to be downloaded.
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Tuning Procedures
The drive uses closed loop controllers to control the position and velocity Travel Limit of the
attached motor. These position and velocity controllers and the associated tuning parameters
are in effect when the drive is in velocity or pulse mode and have no effect when the drive is
in Torque mode.
Many closed loop controllers require tuning using individual user-specified proportional,
integral and derivative (PID) gains which require skilled “tweaking” to optimize. The
combination of these gains along with the drive gain, motor gain, and motor inertia, define
the system bandwidth. The overall system bandwidth is usually unknown at the end of the
tweaking process. The drive closes the control loops for the user using a state-space pole
placement technique. Using this method, the drive’s position control can be simply and
accurately tuned. The overall system’s bandwidth can be defined by a single user-specified
value (Response).
The drive’s default settings are designed to work in applications with up to a 10:1 load to
motor inertia mismatch. Most applications can operate with this default setting.
Some applications may have performance requirements which are not attainable with the
factory settings. For these applications a set of measurable parameters can be specified which
will set up the internal control functions to optimize the drive performance. The parameters
include Inertia Ratio, Friction, Response and Line Voltage. All the values needed for
optimization are “real world” values that can be determined by calculation or some method
of dynamic measurement.
PID vs. State-Space
The power of the state-space control algorithm is that there is no guessing and no “fine
tuning” as needed with user-specified PID methods. PID methods work well in controlled
situations but tend to be difficult to setup in applications where all the effects of the system
are not compensated for in the PID loop. The results are that the system response is
compromised to avoid instability.
The drive state-space control algorithm uses a number of internally calculated gains that
represent the wide variety of effects present in a servo system. This method gives a more
accurate representation of the system and maximizes the performance by minimizing the
compromises.
You need only to setup the system and enter three parameters to describe the load and the
application needs. Once the entries are made the tuning is complete - no guessing and no
“tweaking”. The drive uses these entries plus motor and amplifier information to setup the
internal digital gain values. These values are used in the control loops to accurately set up a
stable, repeatable and highly responsive system.
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Tuning Procedure
Once the initial setup has been completed, you can run the system to determine if the level of
tuning is adequate for the application. There are basically four levels of tuning for a drive.
•
No Tuning
•
Basic Level
•
Intermediate Level
•
Fully Optimized Level
Each level is slightly more involved than the previous one requiring you to enter more
information. If your system needs optimization, we recommend that you start with the Basic
Level, then determine if further tuning is needed based on axis performance.
The setup procedures explained here assume that you are using EMERSON Motion Control
PowerTools® FM-3 software or an FM-P.
Initial settings
Set the drive tuning parameters as follows:
•
Inertia Ratio = 0
•
Friction = 0
•
Response = 50
•
High Performance Gains = Enabled
•
Feedforwards = Disabled
Tuning steps
If your Inertia Ratio is greater than 10 times the motor inertia go directly to the Intermediate
Level tuning.
No Tuning
No tuning will be required in most applications where the load inertia is 10 times the motor
inertia or less.
Basic Level
Adjust Response to obtain the best performance.
Intermediate Level
158
1.
Calculate or estimate the load inertia. It is always better to estimate low.
2.
Disable the drive.
Tuning Procedures
3.
Enter the inertia value calculated into the Inertia Ratio parameter.
4.
Set the Line Voltage to the applied voltage (default is 230 VAC).
5.
Leave all other tuning parameters at the initial values.
6.
Enable the drive and run the system.
7.
Adjust Response to obtain the best performance.
Fully Optimized Level
1.
Determine the actual system parameters.
2.
Disable the drive.
3.
Enter the parameters.
4.
Line Voltage set to the applied voltage (default is 230 VAC).
5.
Enable the drive and run the system.
6.
Adjust Response to obtain the best performance.
General Tuning Hints
The Response is normally the final adjustment when tuning. For best performance the
Response should be lower with a higher inertia mismatch (>10:1) and higher with a lower
inertia mismatch.
If your system has some torsional compliance, such as with a jaw type coupling with a rubber
spider, or if there is a long drive shaft, the Response should be decreased. The highest
recommended Response with High Performance Gains enabled is 100 Hz.
Also, enabling the Low Pass Filter helps diminsh the resonant frequency of torsionally
compliant loads. In such cases, using the Low Pass Filter usually allows for higher Response
values. The optimum Low Pass Filter frequency is at the frequency of the resonance.
Feedforwards can be enabled if the performance requirements are very demanding. However
when using them, make sure the Inertia Ratio and Friction values are an accurate
representation of the load. Otherwise, the system performance will actually be degraded or
stability will suffer. Enabling the Feedforward makes the system less tolerant of inertia or
friction variations during operation.
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Tuning Parameters
Inertia Ratio
Inertia Ratio specifies the load to motor inertia ratio and has a range of 0.0 to 50.0. A value
of 1.0 specifies that load inertia equals the motor inertia (1:1 load to motor inertia). The drives
can control up to a 10:1 inertia mismatch with the default Inertia Ratio value of 0.0. Inertial
mismatches of over 50:1 are possible if response is reduced.
The Inertia Ratio value is used to set the internal gains in the velocity and position loops,
including feedforward compensation if enabled.
To calculate the Inertia Ratio value, divide the load inertia reflected to the motor by the motor
inertia of the motor. Include the motor brake as a load where applicable. The resulting value
should be entered as the Inertia Ratio parameter.
IR =
RLI
MRI
Where:
IR = Inertia Ratio
RLI = Reflected Load Inertia (lb-in-sec2)
MI = Motor Inertia (lb-in- sec2)
If the exact inertia is unknown, a conservative approximate value should be used. If you enter
an inertia value higher than the actual inertia, the resultant motor response will tend to be
more oscillatory.
If you enter an inertia value lower than the actual inertia, but is between 10 and 90 percent of
the actual, the drive will tend to be more sluggish than optimum but will usually operate
satisfactorily. If the value you enter is less than 10 percent of the actual inertia, the drive will
have a low frequency oscillation at speed.
Friction
In the drive, this is a viscuous friction parameter, characterized in terms of the rate of friction
increase per 100 motor RPM. The range is 0.00 to 100.00 in units of percent continuous
torque of the specified motor/drive combination. The Friction value can either be estimated
or measured.
If estimated, always use a conservative (less than or equal to actual) estimate. If the friction
is completely unknown, a value of zero should be used. A typical value used here would be
less than one percent.
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Tuning Procedures
If the value entered is higher than the actual, system oscillation is likely. If the value entered
is lower than the actual a more sluggish response is likely but generally results in good
operation.
Response
The Response adjusts the velocity and position loop bandwidths with a range of 1 to 500 Hz.
In general, it affects how quickly the drive will respond to commands, load disturbances and
velocity corrections. The effect of Response is greatly influenced by the status of the High
Performance Gains.
With High Performance Gains disabled, the actual command bandwidth of the drive system
will be equal to the Response value. In this case the load disturbance correction bandwidth is
very low (approximately 0.1 Hz). Increasing the Response value will reduce the drive’s
response time to velocity command changes but will not affect the response to load or speed
disturbances.
When High Performance Gains are enabled, the Response bandwidth is set to the Response
value. In this case, it reflects both the velocity command and the load disturbance correction
bandwidth. Increasing the Response when the High Performance Gains are enabled will
increase loop stiffness. With High Performance gains enabled, the maximum Response level
recommended is approximately 100 Hz.
If the Inertia Ratio and Friction values are exactly correct and the High Performance Gains
are enabled, changing the Response will not affect the damping (percent of overshoot and
number of ringout cycles) to velocity command changes or load disturbance corrections but
will affect their cycle frequency. The response level generally should be decreased as the load
to motor inertia ratio increases or if High Performance Gains are enabled.
Feedforwards
Feedforward gains are essentially open loop gains that generate torque commands based on
the commanded velocity, accel/decel and the known load parameters (Inertia Ratio and
Friction). Using the feedforwards reduces velocity error during steady state and reduces
overshoot during ramping. This is because the Feedforwards do not wait for error to build up
to generate current commands.
Feedforwards should be disabled unless the absolute maximum performance is required from
the system. Using them reduces the forgiveness of the servo loop and can create instability if
the actual inertia and/or friction of the machine varies greatly during operation or if the Inertia
Ratio or Friction parameters are not correct.
The internal feedforward velocity and acceleration gains are calculated by using the Inertia
Ratio and Friction parameters. The feedforward acceleration gain is calculated from the
Inertia Ratio parameter and the feedforward velocity gain is calculated from the Friction
parameter.
When Feedforwards are enabled, the accuracy of the Inertia Ratio and Friction parameters is
very important. If the Inertia Ratio parameter is larger than the actual inertia, the result would
be a significant velocity overshoot during ramping. If the Inertia parameter is smaller than the
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
actual inertia, velocity error during ramping will be reduced but not eliminated. If the Friction
parameter is greater than the actual friction, it may result in velocity error or instability. If the
Friction parameter is less than the actual friction, velocity error will be reduced by not
eliminated.
Feedforwards can be enabled in any operating mode, however, there are certain modes in
which they do not function. These modes are described in table below.
Operating Mode
Feedforward Parameters Active
Accel FF
Vel FF
Analog Velocity
No
Yes
Preset Velocity
Yes
Yes
Pulse/Position
No
No
Summation
No
Yes
Low Pass Filter Group
The Low Pass Filter will reduce machine resonance due to mechanical coupling and other
flexible drive/load components by filtering the command generated by the velocity loop. A
check box on the Tuning tab enables a low pass filter applied to the output of the velocity
command before the torque compensator. The low pass filter frequency parameter defines
the low pass filter cut-off frequency. Signals exceeding this frequency will be filtered at a
rate of 40 dB per decade. The default value is 600Hz.
Line Voltage
Line Voltage specifies the applied power and adjusts the internal gains to compensate for it.
This parameter has two choices 115 VAC and 230 VAC. If the Line Voltage is set to 230
VAC when the actual applied voltage is 115 VAC, the motor will be slightly less responsive
to commands and load disturbances.
Warning
The Line Voltage must never be set to 115 VAC if the applied voltage is actually 230
VAC. This can cause drive instability and failure.
Determining Tuning Parameter Values
For optimum performance you will need to enter the actual system parameters into the drive.
This section discusses the methods which will most accurately determine those parameters.
Note
If you have an application which exerts a constant unidirectional loading throughout the
travel such as in a vertical axis, the inertia tests must be performed in both directions to
cancel out the unidirectional loading effect.
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Tuning Procedures
Initial Test Settings
When running the tests outlined in this section, the motor and drive must be operational so
you will need to enter starting values.
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If your application has less than a 10:1 inertia mismatch, the default parameter settings will
be acceptable. If the inertial mismatch is greater than 10:1, use the following table for initial
parameter settings.
Parameter
Setting
Friction
0.00
Inertia Ratio
1/3 to 1/2 Actual
Response
500/Inertia Ratio
High Performance Gains
Disabled
Feedforwards
Enabled
Line voltage
Actual Applied
Determining Friction
This parameter represents friction that increases proportionally as motor velocity increases.
The viscous friction of your system can be determined by reading the percent of continuous
torque required to operate the loaded motor at two different speeds.
Consider the following before determining the Friction:
•
The most consistent readings can usually be obtained at motor speeds higher than 500
RPM but lower test speeds can be used if necessary.
•
If your application has travel limits, it may be helpful to use an external position controller
to prevent the axis from exceeding the machine limits. Set up a trapezoidal profile as
shown.
•
In the procedure below, the Torque Command and Velocity Feedback parameters can be
measured using the drive’s analog outputs, PowerTools software or an FM-P.
•
With vertical loads the test readings must be taken while traveling in the same direction.
•
An oscilloscope may be needed for systems with limited travel moves to measure the
rapidly changing torque and velocity signals.
•
If your system’s friction changes with operating temperature, perform this procedure at
normal operating temperature.
Procedure for Determining Friction:
1.
Run the motor at the low test speed (at least 500 RPM).
2.
While at speed, note the Torque Command Actual value (TCL).
Note
If the friction loading of your system varies when operating at constant speed, due to a
load or spring load that changes as the motor rotates, use the lowest value measured.
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Tuning Procedures
3.
Repeat Step 1 using a velocity at least two times the low speed.
4.
While at speed, note the Torque Command Actual value (TCH).
5.
Use the following formula to calculate the friction:
FV = (100)
(TCH - TCL)
RPMH - RPML
Where:
TCH = Torque Command Limited value at higher speed
TCL = Torque Command Limited at lower speed
RPMH = Higher RPM (velocity)
RPML = Lower RPM (velocity)
FV = Friction value
The figure below shows the relationship of Torque Command to the Velocity Feedback.
There is increased torque during the Accel ramp (Ta), constant torque (Tc) during the
constant velocity portion of the ramp and decreased torque (Td) during the decel ramp.
Figure 77:
Trapezoidal Velocity Waveform with Torque Waveform
Determining Inertia Ratio
Actual system Inertia Ratio is determined by accelerating and decelerating the load with a
known ramp while measuring the torque required.
Consider the following before determining the inertia:
•
If your application allows a great deal of motor motion without interference, it is
recommended that you use a Preset Velocity to produce accurate acceleration ramps.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
•
If your application has a very limited range of motion, it is recommended that you use a
position controller to produce the acceleration ramps and to prevent exceeding the axis
range of motion.
•
The accel and decel ramp should be aggressive enough to require at least 20 percent of
continuous motor torque. The higher the torque used during the ramp, the more accurate
the final result will be.
•
With ramps that take less than 1/2 second to accelerate, read the Diagnostic Analog
Outputs with an oscilloscope to measure the Torque Feedback.
•
With ramps that take 1/2 second or longer to accelerate, read the Torque Command
parameter on the Motor tab of PowerTools or with the Watch Window.
•
To best determine the inertia, use both acceleration and deceleration torque values. The
difference allows you to drop the constant friction out of the final calculation.
•
If your application exerts a constant “unidirectional loading” throughout the travel such
as in a vertical axis, the inertia test profiles must be performed in both directions to cancel
out the unidirectional loading effect.
•
The Torque Command Limited and Velocity Feedback parameters can be measured using
the drive’s Analog Outputs, PowerTools software or an FM-P.
An oscilloscope will be needed for systems with limited travel moves and rapidly changing
signals of torque and velocity.
Inertia Measurement Procedure:
Note
The test profile will need to be run a number of times in order to get a good sample of data.
1.
Enable the drives and run the test profiles.
2.
Note the Torque Command Limited value during acceleration and deceleration.
3.
Use the appropriate formula below to calculate the inertia.
For horizontal loads or counterbalanced vertical loads use the following formula:
IR = 1 -
(R • Vm (Ta + Td))
2000
Where:
IR = Inertia Ratio
R = ramp in ms/kRPM
Ta = (unsigned) percent continuous torque required during acceleration ramping (0
- 300)
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Tuning Procedures
Td = (unsigned) percent continuous torque required during deceleration ramping
(0 - 300)
Vm = motor constant value from Table 18 below
For un-counter balanced vertical loads use the following formula:
IR = 1 −
(R • Vm (Tau + Tud + Tad + Tdd))
4000
Where:
IR = Inertia Ratio
R = ramp in ms/kRPM
Vm = motor constant value from the table below
Tau = (unsigned) percent continuous torque required during acceleration ramping
while moving up (against the constant force)
Tdu = (unsigned) percent continuous torque required during deceleration ramping
while moving up (against the constant force)
Tad = (unsigned) percent continuous torque required during acceleration ramping
while moving down (aided by the constant force)
Tdd = (unsigned) percent continuous torque required during deceleration ramping
while moving down (aided by the constant force)
Ramp Units Conversion
If you are using an external position controller to generate motion you may need to connect
the ramp units as desired below.
Many position controllers define acceleration in units per sec2. The formulas above use ms/
kRPM. Make sure you make this conversion when entering the information into the formula.
Conversion Formula:
MPK =
6
10
(RPSS • 60)
Where:
MPK = accel ramp in ms/kRPM
RPSS = accel ramp in revolutions per second2
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Vm
Percent Continuous/volt
Scaled Torque Command
Output (default))
RPM /volt Scaled Velocity
Command Output (default))
4.77
30
600
5.11
30
600
3.17
30
600
3.17
30
600
3.14
30
600
MG-455
2.44
30
600
MG-455
2.44
30
600
1.85
30
600
1.69
30
600
Motor
Drive
MG-205
MG-208
EN-204
MG-316
MG-316
MG-340
MG-490
MG-4120
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Diagnostic Display
The diagnostic segment display on the front of the drive shows drive status, FM-3 status, and
fault codes. When a fault condition occurs, the drive will display the fault code, overriding
the status code. The alphanumeric display on the FM-3 provides additional fault information.
The decimal point is “On” when the drive is enabled, and the stop input is not active. This
indicates that the drive is ready to run and any motion command will cause motion. Motion
commands will not cause motion unless you are Ready (R) and the decimal point is “On”.
Display Indication
Status
Description
FM-3 Keypad Display
The FM-3 and E Series drive system is
functioning normally and is ready to execute a
motion command.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Ready
Power Stage is disabled.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Disabled
Motor torque is limited to 80 percent.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
RMS Foldback
Stall Foldback
(E Series drive only)
Drive output current is limited to 80 percent of
drive stall current.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Drive enabled. No stop input.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Ready to Run
Home is executing.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Homing
Index is executing.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Indexing
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Display Indication
Status
Description
FM-3 Keypad Display
Jog is executing.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Jogging
Program is executing.
Drive Type
Motor Type
Menu Groups
Address
Program
Fault Codes
A number of diagnostic and fault detection circuits are incorporated to protect the drive. Some
faults, such as high DC bus and amplifier or motor over temperature can be reset with the
Reset button on the front of the drive or the Reset input function. Other faults, such as encoder
faults, can only be reset by cycling power “Off” (wait until the diagnostics display turns
“Off”), then power “On”.
The drive accurately tracks motor position during fault conditions. For example, if there is a
"Low DC Bus" fault where the power stage is disabled, the drive will continue to track the
motor’s position provided the logic power is not interrupted.
The +/- Limit faults are automatically cleared when the fault condition is removed. The table
below lists all the fault codes in priority order from highest to lowest. This means that if two
faults are active, only the higher priority fault will be displayed.
Segment Display
170
Fault
Action to Reset
Bridge Disabled
FM-3 Display
Flash Invalid
Reprogram the FM’s
Flash
Yes
Watchdog Timer
Button or Input
Yes
Watch Dog
Power Up Test
Power
Yes
Power Up Tst
NVM Invalid
Button or Input
Yes
NVM Invalid
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Segment Display
Fault
Action to Reset
Bridge Disabled
FM-3 Display
Invalid Configuration
Button or Input
Yes
Invalid Conf
Power Module
Button or Input
Yes
Power Module
High DC Bus
Button or Input
Yes
High DC Bus
Low DC Bus
Button or Input
Yes
Low DCBus
Encoder State
Power
Yes
Encoder State
Encoder Hardware
Power
Yes
Encoder HW
Motor Overtemp
Button or Input
Yes
MotorOvrTemp
RMS Shunt Power
Button or Input
Yes
RMS ShuntPowr
Overspeed
Button or Input
Yes
Over Speed
Max Following Error
Button or Input
Yes
Following Err
Travel Limit +/-
Auto
No
TravLmtMinus
TravLmtPlus
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Segment Display
Fault
Action to Reset
Normally on for one
second during power up
All "On"
Bridge Disabled
FM-3 Display
Yes
** Fault **
***** Depend on Fault
FM-3
Fault Descriptions
Flash Invalid
This fault indicates that the firmware checksum has failed. Use the Tools Program Flash
menu item from Emerson Motion Control PowerTools® to reprogram/upgrade the firmware
stored in flash memory. If this problem persists, call EMERSON Motion Control. A common
cause would be an interrupted F/W Flash upgrade (cable disconnected during an upgrade
process).
Watchdog Timer
The watchdog timer ensures that the firmware is operating normally. If the firmware fails to
reset this timer every 10 ms, the drive hardware will be reset, all inputs and outputs will be
cleared (“Off”), and a Watchdog Timer fault is generated.
Power Up Test
This fault indicates that the power-up self-test has failed. This fault cannot be reset with the
reset command or reset button.
NVM Invalid
At power-up the drive tests the integrity of the non-volatile memory. This fault is generated
if the contents of the non-volatile memory are invalid.
FM-3 Fault
A 3 will be displayed in the segment display on the E Series drive when the FM-3 experiences
a fault. See the table above for more information about the various faults.
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Invalid Configuration
The FM was not on this drive during its previous power-up and it is not known if the setup
data in the FM matches the drive and motor to which the FM is now attached.
This can also happen when a FM is removed from a drive and the drive is powered-up.
To reset the fault, create or open a configuration file with the correct drive and motor
selections and download the configuration to the FM or drive. If you are certain that the setup
data in the FM or drive matches the system configuration, press and hold the E Series drive’s
Reset button for 10 seconds (until the fault is cleared).
Caution
Damage may occur to the drive, motor or both if the fault is cleared using the Reset button
when the setup data in the FM does not match the current drive and motor.
Power Module
This fault is generated when a power stage over-temperature, over-current or loss of power
stage logic supply occurs. This can be the result of a motor short to ground, a short in the
motor windings, a motor cable short or the failure of a switching transistor.
It can also occur if the drive enable input is cycled "Off" and "On" rapidly (>10 Hz).
High DC Bus
This fault will occur whenever the voltage on the DC bus exceeds 440 VDC. The most likely
cause of this fault would be an open shunt fuse, a high AC line condition or an application
that requires an external shunt (that is, a large load with rapid deceleration).
Low DC Bus
This fault will occur whenever the voltage on the DC bus drops below 96 volts. The most
likely cause of this fault is a reduction (or loss) of AC power. A 50 ms debounce time is used
with this fault to avoid faults caused by intermittent power disruption.
Encoder State
Certain encoder states and state transitions are invalid and will cause the drive to report an
encoder state fault. This is usually the result of noisy encoder feedback caused by poor
shielding.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Encoder Hardware
If any pair of encoder lines are in the same state, an encoder line fault is generated. The most
likely cause is a missing or bad encoder connection.
Motor Overtemp
This fault is generated when the motor thermal switch is open due to motor over-temperature
or incorrect wiring.
RMS Shunt Power
This fault is generated when RMS shunt power dissipation is greater than the design rating of
the internal shunt.
Overspeed
This fault occurs when the actual motor speed exceeds the Overspeed Velocity Limit
parameter. This parameter can be accessed with PowerTools FM-3 software.
Max Following Error
This fault is generated when the following error exceeds the following error limit (default
following error limit is .2 revs). With PowerTools FM-3 you can change the Following Error
Limit value on disable in the Position view.
Travel Limit +/This fault is caused when either the + or - Travel Limit input function is active.
All "On"
This is a normal condition during power up of the drive. It will last for less than 1 second. If
this display persists, call EMERSON for service advice.
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
FM-3 Specific Fault Descriptions
Figure 78:
EN - 2 0 4
MG - 3 1 6
ADR 0 1
S EC UR
QU I CK
FM-3 display is used to display drive and FM-3 faults
Traj Fault
This fault occurs when the drive has received trajectory data from the FM-3 that indicates a
problem. Check the user units, velocities, accels and decels for correct values.
ISR Overrun
This fault is generated when a module flash memory problem occurs. To correct, replace the
FM-3.
OutofSync
This fault is generated when the system is out of sync. To correct it, press the reset button and
check the configuration.
ProgramFault
This fault indicates an FM-3 user program fault. For example the program is attempting to
divide by zero, or overflows and math errors caused by numbers that are too large, or nonexisting parameters.
ProgramInvalid
The user program in flash memory will not run. Download the User Program again using
PowerTools FM-3. A common cause of this problem could be an interrupted configuration
download, such as a cable being disconnected during a download.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Brake Operation
MG motor brake operation is controlled by the Brake Release and Brake Control destinations.
These destinations can be used together to control the state of the Brake source. The table
below shows the relationship between the Brake sources and destinations (see “Diagnostic
Display”).
Note
No motion should be commanded while the brake is engaged.
Brake Release Destination
Brake Control Destination
Drive Power
Stage
Off
On
On
Off
On
Off
Enabled
0
1
1
1
Disabled
0
0
1
1
Brake Release
The Brake Release destination function will release the brake under all conditions. When this
function is active, the Brake output will be on (that is, release brake). This function overrides
all other brake control, thus allowing the brake to be released while a fault is active or the
power stage is disabled. See also Brake source function.
Brake Control
The Brake destination function, when active, will engage the brake unless overridden by the
Brake Release function. This function lets you externally engage the brake while allowing the
drive to also control the brake during fault and disabled conditions.
Brake
The Brake source function is used to control the motor holding brake. If the Brake function
is off, the brake is mechanically engaged. When the brake is engaged, the diagnostic display
on the front of the drive will display a “b”.
The drive outputs are limited to 150 mA capacity, therefore, a suppressed relay is required to
control motor coil. EMERSON Motion Control offers a relay, model # BRM-1.
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Analog Outputs
The drive has two 10 bit Analog Outputs which may be used for diagnostics, monitoring or
control purposes. These outputs are referred to as Channel 1 and Channel 2. They can be
accessed from the command connector on the drive or from the diagnostics output pins
located on the front of the drive.
Each Channel provides a programmable Analog Output Source. (In early releases, the FM-3
analog output is fixed at the default selections.)
Default Analog Output Source:
•
Channel 1 = Velocity Feedback
•
Channel 2 = Torque Command
Output
Source
Offset
Scale
1
Velocity Feedback
0
600 RPM/volt
2
Torque Command
0
30% /volt
Each channel includes a programmable Analog Output Offset and an Analog Output Scale.
This feature allows you to “zoom in” to a desired range effectively increasing the resolution.
The units for both of these parameters is dependent upon the Analog Output Source selection.
Analog Output Offset units:
•
Velocity Feedback = RPM
•
Torque Command = Percent of continuous torque
Analog Output Scale units:
•
Velocity Feedback = RPM/volt
•
Torque Command = Percent of continuous torque/volt
Example:
You could use the Analog Outputs to accurately measure velocity overshoot. For example, to
measure a target velocity of 2000 RPM at a resolution of ±10V = ±200 RPM do the following.
1.
Selected Velocity Feedback for the Analog Output Source.
2.
Set the Analog Output Offset to 2000 RPM.
3.
Set the Analog Output Scale to 20 RPM/VOLT.
This will provide an active range from -10 to +10 Volts to represent 1800 to 2200 RPM.
Therefore, the measured resolution has been increased.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Diagnostic Analog Output Test Points
The DGNE cable was designed to be use with either an oscilloscope or a meter. The wires are
different lengths to avoid shorting to each other. However, if signals do get shorted to GND,
the drive will not be damaged because the circuitry is protected.
Channel #2
Analog GND
Channel #1
Figure 79:
178
Diagnostic Output Test Points
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
D/A
Black
(GND)
D/A
Yellow
Blue
10 Ohm
10 Ohm
DGNE Cable
DGNE Cable
Figure 80:
Command
Connector (J5)
Diagnostic Cable (DGNE) Diagram
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Drive Faults
The Active Drive Faults dialog box is automatically displayed whenever a fault occurs. There
are two options in this dialog box: Reset Faults and Ignore Faults.
Figure 81:
Active Drive Faults Dialog Box
Resetting Faults
Some drive faults are automatically reset when the fault condition is cleared. Others require
drive power to be cycled or the drive to be “rebooted” to be cleared. If you wish to continue
working in the PowerTools software without resetting the fault, click the Ignore Fault button.
To reset faults that can be reset with the Reset Faults button, simply click the Reset Faults
button in the Drive Faults Detected dialog box or push the Reset button on the front of the
drive where the fault occurred.
Viewing Active Drive Faults
To view all active drive faults, select the View Faults command from the Device menu. The
dialog box displayed is the same as Active Drive Faults dialog box described above.
Rebooting the Drive
To reboot the drive, cycle power or select the Reboot Drive command from the Device menu.
This command reboots the drive attached to the active Configuration Window.
Error Messages
PowerTools will pop-up an error message box to alert you to any errors it encounters. These
message boxes will describe the error and offer a possible solution.
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
The terms below appear in the list the of common problems you might encounter when
working with PowerTools software along with the error message displayed, the most likely
cause and solution.
Assign means to set a value using an equation. For example, x = 2, you are assigning the
value of 2 to x.
A Boolean value is a value that represents two states such as On or Off. In the FM3 there are
three variable types that have Boolean values. They are Boolean Variables, Input Event
Variables and Output Event Variables. They all have a Boolean Value and can be used in
equations to assign their Boolean value to another variable or in a conditional test.
In an equation, conditional tests such as (vel > 3.1) become Boolean values.
In FM3 Programming, unquoted text names are used to represent Boolean constants. Several
different names are available. They all represent the two Boolean states and therefore are
interchangeable.
An Expression is a collection of mathematical operands (variables, constants and numbers)
and operators( +, -, *, <, >, etc) that form a value. The right hand side of an equation (to the
right of the =) is an expression.
The Parser is an internal component of PowerTools software that reads your program text
file and generates executable code used by the FM3 Module firmware. The parser detects
errors that are reported to you as Red Dot Error Messages.
Your program errors are displayed in the program view in Red Dot Error Messages. They
are indicated with red dots. To get further information on the cause of the error you use the
programming tool bar’s red dotted question mark. This is an on/off setting that enables error
message displays and application help messages.
Non-Programming Error Messages
These messages occur while you are working in a view other than the Program View. The
Program View has error messages specific to it, and they are described in a Programming
Error Messages section. The Popup messages are listed below.
Can Not Add Index, until current is valid.,
Can Not Add Jog, until current is valid.,
Can Not Add Program, until current is valid.
The current View must be valid before you can create a new instance of Index, Jog or Home.
Error: The maximum limit of Instances is reached.
The number of Index instances, Jog Instances and Home Instances is limited. If you attempt
to add an instance and the number of existing instances is at the maximum, you will get this
message.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Programming Error Messages
These Red Dot Error messages occur while you are working in the Program View.
When creating a program, the parser is executed when you left mouse click, when you arrow
off the current Line, when you enter the carriage return, when you paste or when you drop a
drag source. The parser detects errors and marks the line with a “Red Dot”. To get further
information on the cause of the error you use the programming tool bar’s red dotted question
mark. This is an on/off setting that enables error message displays and application help
messages.
Error: Your Application is not valid to download ...
This message lets the user know that there are errors such as "Red Dot" errors in one or more
programs that prevent the program from being downloaded to the module. The message will
provide more information such as which program is invalid to help the user correct the
problem.
FYI: Your Application has ...
This message lets the user know that there are errors such as "Red Dot" errors in one or more
programs. The operation (i.e. file save) was completed, however other operations such as
download would fail for this application. The message will provide more information such
as which program is invalid to help the user correct the problem.
Error: A FM3 number’s decimal Point resolution can not be greater than ten
The FM3 does not use standard floating point. It uses Integer arithmetic to prevent round off
errors. Decimals are used, but decimal point position is handled separately from the integer
value. Zero puts the decimal point to the far right. Ten puts the decimal point at the far left.
The mantissa must be between -2147483648 and 214748364. The decimal point position
must be between zero and ten.
Error: A FM3 number’s mantissa must be between -2147483647 and
2147483647.
The mantissa must be between -2147483648 and 214748364. The decimal point position
must be between zero and ten.
Error: A numeric variable can only be assigned a numeric value
The Variable is a numeric. It only accepts types consisting of numeric values.
182
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Error: A string variable can only be assigned a quoted text string
The Variable is string. It only accepts types consisting of text strings.
Error: Can only compare(>,<,etc) numeric results
This message occurs in conditional Expressions (i.e. If then). Variables are type identified,
so equation and assignments (x = 9) can be verified. In an expression only numerical values
can be compared for greater than and less than conditions.
Error: Couldn't find named Variable
Could not find the variable.
Error: Couldn't find named Variable from Text
Could not find the variable defined by program text.
Error: Destination Event variables can only be assigned an Event or Boolean
The Variable is an Input event. It only accepts types consisting of Boolean, and events.
Error: Program Instance does not Exist
You attempted the “Call Program.#”, but the program does not exist.
Error: Single value expressions can only be Boolean constants, Events or
Boolean variables
This message occurs in conditional Expressions (i.e. If then). Variables are type identified,
so equation and assignments .(x = 9) can be verified. In an expression you can use single
variables without a comparison, but , then they must be a Boolean constants, Events or
Boolean variable.
Error: String does not represent a predefined name..
The string needs to match one of the defined strings on record in the FM3 Registry data base.
Error: String is not a selection.
The string matches one of the defined strings, but that string is not a selection.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Error: Syntax error encountered
Parser Error Message. The Parser can not understand your text sequence.
Error: Text Strings are limited to 12 characters...
To change a Name you assign a quoted text string to that name. In FM3, text strings are fixed
at 12 characters. If you use fewer than 12 characters, blanks are automatically inserted. An
error occurs if you attempt to use more than 12 characters.
Error: The Boolean variables can only be assigned an Event or Boolean value.
The Variable only accepts types consisting of Boolean, and events.
Error: The destination variable does not accept Data
The Variable’s internal data type attribute was not found.
Error: The destination variable does not accept negative numbers
You attempted to assign a negative number to an unassigned variable .
Error: The destination variable is Read Only
This message occurs when trying to assign a value to a read only variable.
Error: The destination variable only accepts a numeric value
Error: The destination variable only accepts a Boolean or Event value
Error: The destination variable only accepts quoted "text"
Error: The destination variable only accepts selection text
184
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Error: The destination variable's resolution is less than the resolution of the
number
You attempted to assign a number with a greater resolution of decimal points than the variable
will accept (ie index.0.vel = 2.34567). The User Units setup will allow you to define the
desired decimal point resolution.
Error: The number is outside the range of the destination variable
You attempted to assign a number that is outside the variable’s range. To determine the range
comment out this instruction and use the red dot help on the variable.
Error: The mix of variable or expressions types can not be added or
subtracted
This message occurs in equations. Variables are type identified, so equation and assignments
(x = 9) can be verified. In an equation only numerical values can be multiplied or divided.
Booleans, Selections, text and events can not be added.
Error: The mix of variable or expressions types can not be compared(=)
This message occurs in conditional Expressions (i.e. If then). Variables are type identified,
so equation and assignments (x = 9) can be verified. In an expression numerical, Boolean and
event values can be compared for equality conditions. Selections and text can not be used.
Error: The mix of variable or expression types can not be multiplied or divided
This message occurs in equations. Variables are type identified, so equation and assignments
(x = 9) can be verified. In an equation only numerical values can be multiplied or divided.
Booleans, Selections, text and events can not be compared.
Error: The Source Event- <variable name> can only be assigned <max
number> times
The limits to Source Event assignments are the number of destinations assigned to a single
Output event is limited. Generally this is three. For Selections it is one. The Waitfor
Instruction temporarily assigns its Output Event Operands. This is subject to the assignment
limitations. To use an Output Event in a waitfor instruction, there must be at least one free
assignment.
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Error: The Selection variable can only be assigned a Selection value.
The destination variable only accepts selection values. Selection values are fixed unquoted
text. The selection text must exactly match the available selections of the Destination
variable.
Error: This instance does not exist.
This variable is referencing an instance that has not been created in your application. For
example “Index.9.vel” the instance 9 of index has not been defined.
Error: This is not a fully qualified variable.
To use a variable it must be fully defined. Some variables are global variables and only the
name is defined. Other Variables require a name.name convention. Other variables require
an instance number (index.1.vel). All the components identifying the variable must be
available to qualify the variable.
Error: This variable cannot be assigned a selection value
The variable that you are attempting to define with a selection does not accept selection
values.
Error: This variable type cannot be assigned a value
The Variable is of a type that does not accept any assignments. A Source Event variable is
an example. You can not assign a value to an output event.
Error: The selection is not valid for this variable
The variable that you are attempting to define with a selection does accept selection values.
However the selection you are attempting to use is not accepted by this variable.
Error: Trying to assign a selection variable with bad selection data
When checking to see if the selection goes with the destination variable, the source is not a
defined selection for the destination variable.
186
Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
Online Status Indicators
Global Where Am I Button
The Program View, when online and executing a program or sequence of programs, can
display current program status. Pressing the Where Am I button on the PowerTools FM-3
toolbar creates a blue triangle that appears on the line of the program currently being
executed.
The Global Where Am I can be used for diagnostics. When the user needs to know where in
a complicated program the drive is or when the user wishes to follow the logical flow of the
program.
Motion Status
While the drive is online, the name of the program currently running or the motion type
currently running will appear in the status bar at the bottom left corner of the PowerTools FM3 screen.
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Specifications
Power consumption: 3W from E Series drive power supply.
I/O Supply Voltage: 10-30 VDC.
Function
Electrical Characteristics
ON State Voltage
10-30 VDC
ON State Current
2mA-6.5mA
OFF State Voltage
0-3VDC
Inputs
Outputs
OFF State Current
0-400µA
Max. ON State Voltage
I/O Supply Voltage -1.5V
Max. ON State Current
150mA
Max. OFF State Current
100µA
Dimensions and Clearances
2.5
(63.5)
7.187
(182.5)
1.25
(31.75)
Programming Module
1
2
3
Inputs
4
5
6
Exp. I/O
485 +
7
485 -
8
SHLD
1
Outputs
Sync.
Input
2
3
4
10-30
VDC
Sync.
Output
+
-
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
2.6
(66.0)
190
Specifications
Cable Diagrams
E Series Drive
w/ FM-3
E Series Drive
w/ FM-3
SCS-x
Encoder
Sync.
Input
Sync.
Input
Sync.
Output
SNCE-xxx
Sync.
Input
Sync.
Output
SNCO-003
SNCI-003
15', 25' or 50'
SNCI-003
3'
3'
3'
M
M
F
F
SNCDD-001.5
E Series Drive
w/ FM-3
E Series Drive
w/ FM-3
1.5'
Exp. I/O
485 +
7
485 -
8
SHLD
1
Outputs
Sync.
Input
2
3
4
10-30
VDC
Sync.
Output
+
-
Sync.
Input
Sync.
Output
Customer
Supplied
Cable
SNCO-003
3'
M
SNCI-003
3'
M
F
F
E Series Drive
w/ FM-3
E Series Drive
CMDX-xxx
LEGEND:
DG = 0V DIGITAL
AG = 0V ANALOG
= CHASSIS SHIELD
OUTPUTS
Ext Encoder
200 mA max
DIFF’L PULSE INPUT
A
Command
Connection, J5
A B
A
B Z
A B B
Z
+
5
D
G
Z Z
MOTOR ENCODER OUTPUT
D
G
N
C
+
1
+
+
-
ANALOG
INPUT
I/O P.S.
24V
ANALOG OUT
RS-485
B
A
G
A
V+
A
SINGLE END
PULSE IN
+
2
A
G
EN
1
1
2
2
+ +
3
3
INPUTS
4
INPUTS
I/O P.S.
OV
EN
1
2
Sync.
Input
3
4
ECI-44
(Shown larger than scale)
SNCLI-003
3'
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
SNCE-XXX Cable
A
A
B
B
M
M
+5
GRD
SHIELD
1
2
3
5
6
7
4
8
SNCDD-001.5 Cable
192
A
H
B
I
C
J
D
F
A
A
B
B
M
M
+5
GRD
Specifications
SNCO-003 Cable
SNCI-003 Cable
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
SNCLI-003 Cable
194
Specifications
CMDX-XXX Cable
Note
Some CMDX cables may have White/Yellow and Yellow/White wires in place of the White/Orange
and Orange/White shown in the figure above (pins 6 and 21).
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
CMDO-XXX Cable
Note
Some CMDO cables may have White/Yellow and Yellow/White wires in place of the White/Orange
and Orange/White shown in the figure above (pins 6 and 21).
196
Specifications
CDRO-XXX Cable
9
8
24
23
38
37
11
12
34
16
14
15
29
4
19
26
40
18
17
31
33
43
44
41
27
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
TIA-XXX Cable
DDS-XXX Cable
198
Specifications
TERM-H (Head) Terminator
TERM-T (Tail) Terminator
Note
See the "Multi-drop Communications" section for resistor values.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
CMDS-XXX Cable
CMMS-XXX Cable
200
Specifications
CFCS-XXX Cable
201
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
CFCO-XXX Cable
202
Specifications
CFOS-XXX Cable
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Vendor Contact Information
204
Schaffner (AC Line Filters)
(800) 367-5566 or (201) 379-7778
www.schaffner.com
Cooper Industries, Inc.
Crouse-Hinds Division (Cable Shield Grommets)
(315) 477-5531
www.crouse-hinds.com
Bussman
P.O. Box 14460
St. Louis, MO. 63178-4460
(314) 394-3877
www.bussman.com
Littlefuse
800 E. Northwest Hwy
Des Plaines, IL. 60016
(847) 824-0400
www.littlefuse.com
Wickmann USA
4100 Shirlel Dr.
Atlanta, GA. 30336
(404) 699-7820
www.wickmann.com
Corcom
844 E. Rockland Road
Libertyville, IL 60048
(847) 680-7444
www.corcom.com
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Glossary
µs
Microsecond, which is 0.000001 seconds.
A
Amps.
Amplifier
Servo Drive.
ARMS
Amps Root Mean Squared (RMS).
Axis
The full system to control in a single motor shaft. A single FM-3 with EN Drive can denote
an axis.
AWG
American Wire Gauge.
Baud Rate
The number of binary bits transmitted per second on a serial communications link such as RS232. (1 character is usually 10 bits.)
Check Box
In a dialog box, a check box is a small box that the user can turn “On” or “Off” with the
mouse. When “On” it displays an X in a square; when “Off” the square is blank. Unlike option
(radio) buttons, check boxes do not affect each other; any check box can be “On” or “Off”
independently of all the others.
Complex Motion
A string of multiple motion commands and logical instructions that form a repeatable
operation. For the FM-3, the configuration file defines comlpex motion by setups, functional
assignments and programs.
Compound Motion
The combination of indexes in a row in which the deceleration ramp of the first index goes to
the velocity of the secondary index. The first index must be initiated within a program
(Index.#.CompoundInitiate).
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Configuration
The user-created application. It can be saved as a disk file or downloaded to configure the
FM-3. It uncludes all the user-defined setup, assignments and programs.
CRC
Cyclical Redundancy Check, the data transfer error checking mechanism.
Destination
A function (i.e., Stop, Preset) that may be assigned to an input line. In FM-3, the input
function is connected to the action through click and drag operations in Emerson Motion
Control PowerTools® Software on the Assignment View.
Dialog Box
A dialog box is a window that appears in order to collect information from the user. When the
user has filled in the necessary information, the dialog box disappears.
DIN Rail
Deutsche Industrie Norm Rail
DLL
In Microsoft® Windows®, a Dynamic Link Library contains a library of machine-language
procedures that can be linked to programs as needed at run time.
Downloading
The transfer of a complete set of parameters from an FM to a drive.
Drive
Servo drive or amplifier.
EEPROM
An EEPROM chip is an Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory; that is, its
contents can be both recorded and erased by electrical signals, but they do not go blank when
power is removed.
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility. The relative immunity of a drive to the effects of
electromagnetic fields.
EMI - Electro-Magnetic Interference
EMI is noise which, when coupled into sensitive electronic circuits, may cause problems.
206
Glossary
Firmware
The term firmware refers to software (i.e., computer programs) that are stored in some fixed
form, such as read-only memory (ROM).
Flash
Another type of EEPROM.
Flash File
In the FM-3, this file loads the firmware into the drive and function module. Flash files can
field upgrade the firmware.
FM
Function Module - device which is attached to the front of the drive to provide additional
functionality.
Global Where Am I
Emerson Motion Control PowerTools feature that indicates which line of which user program
is executing.
Home Routine
The home provides motion in applications in which the axis must precisely align with some
part of a machine.
Hysteresis
For a system with an analog input, the output tends to maintain its current value until the input
level changes past the point that set the current output value. The difference in response of a
system to an increasing input signal versus a decreasing input signal.
I/O
Input/Output. The reception and transmission of information between control devices. In
modern control systems, I/O has two distinct forms: switches, relays, etc., which are in either
an on or off state, or analog signals that are continuous in nature generally depicting values
for speed, temperature, flow, etc.
Index
An index is a complete motion sequence (defined motion profile) that moves the motor a
specific incremental distance or to an absolute position.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Inertia
The property of an object to resist changes in rotary velocity unless acted upon by an outside
force. Higher inertia objects require larger torque to accelerate and decelerate. Inertia is
dependent upon the mass and shape of the object.
Input Function
See destination. A function (i.e., Stop, Preset) that may be assigned to an input line. In FM3, the input function is connected to the action through click and drag operations in Emerson
Motion Control PowerTools Software on the Assignment View.
Input Line
The terminals of a device or circuit to which energy is applied.
Jog
A jog produces rotation of the motor at controlled velocities in a positive or negative
direction.
Least Significant Bit
The bit in a binary number that is the least important or having the least weight.
LED
Light Emitting Diode used on the front display of drives and function modules.
List Box
In a dialog box, a list box is an area in which the user can choose among a list of items, such
as files, directories, printers or the like.
mA
Milliamp, which is 1/1000th of an Ampere.
MB
Mega-byte.
MODBUS
Communication Protocol by Modicon. The E Series follows the Modbus specification
outlined in the Modicon Modbus Protocol Reference Manual, PI-MBNS-300 Revision G,
November 1994.
Module
Function Module
208
Glossary
Most Significant Bit
The bit in a binary number that is the most important or that has the most weight.
ms
Millisecond, which is 1/1000th of a second.
NVM
Non-Volatile Memory. NVM stores specifically defined variables as the variables
dynamically change. It is used to store changes through a power loss.
NTC
Negative Temperature Resistor
Option Button
See Radio Button.
Opto-isolated
A method of sending a signal from one piece of equipment to another without the usual
requirement of common ground potentials. The signal is transmitted optically with a light
source (usually a Light Emitting Diode) and a light sensor (usually a photosensitive
transistor). These optical components provide electrical isolation.
Output Function
See source. The terminals at which energy is taken from a circuit or device.
Output Line
The actual transistor or relay controlled output signal.
Parameters
User read only or read/write parameters that indicate and control the drive operation. These
variables generally hold numerical data defined in the Setup Views.
PC
Personal Computer.
PE
Protective Earth.
PID
Proportional-Integral-Derivative. An acronym that describes the compensation structure that
can be used in many closed-loop systems.
209
PLC
Programmable Logic Controller. Also known as a programmable controller, these devices are
used for machine control and sequencing.
Emerson Motion Control PowerTools-Base, -FM and -FM-3
Windows based software to interface with the Epsilon drives, E Series drives and Function
Modules.
Radio Button
Also known as the Option Button. In a dialog box, radio buttons are small circles only one of
which can be chosen at a time. The chosen button is black and the others are white. Choosing
any button with the mouse causes all the other buttons in the set to be cleared.
RAM
RAM is an acronym for Random-Access Memory, which is a memory device whereby any
location in memory can be found, on average, as quickly as any other location. Commonly
refers to Read-Write memory, as opposed to Read-Only Memory (ROM, EPROM,
EEPROM, Flash). RAM is considered volatile, because its contents are lost during a power
loss.
RMS
Root Mean Squared. For an intermittent duty cycle application, the RMS is equal to the value
of steady state current which would produce the equivalent heating over a long period of time.
ROM
ROM is an acronym for Read-Only Memory. A ROM contains computer instructions that do
not need to be changed, such as permanent parts of the operating system.
RPM
Revolutions Per Minute.
Serial Port
A digital data communications port configured with a minimum number of signal lines. This
is achieved by passing binary information signals as a time series of 1’s and Ø’s on a single
line.
Source
The terminals at which energy is taken from a circuit or device.
Travel Limit
The distance that is limited by either a travel limit switch or the software.
Glossary
Torque
The moment of force, a measure of its tendency to produce torsion and rotation about an axis.
Uploading
The transfer of a complete set of parameters from a drive to an FM.
User Units
Ability of program to allow user to specify which type of units will measure and specify
motion and time.
VAC
Volts, Alternating Current.
Variable
A labeled value that encompasses numeric boolean, input function, and output functions.
VDC
Volts, Direct Current.
Velocity
The rate of change in position in a given direction during a certain time interval.
View
Portion of screen within frame.
Windows®, Microsoft®
Microsoft Windows is an operating system that provides a graphical user interface, extended
memory and multi-tasking. The screen is divided into windows and the user uses a mouse to
start programs and make menu choices.
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
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FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
Index
Symbols
E
+/- Limit, 174
Encoder Line Fault, 174
Encoder State, 173
Error Messages, 180
A
All "On", 174
Analog Output, 177
B
F
Fault Codes, 170
Fault Descriptions, 172
Firmware Checksum, 172
Following Error Fault, 174
Brake Operation and Wiring, 176
H
C
High DC Bus Fault, 173
Cable Diagrams, 191
CDRO-XXX Cable, 197
CFCO-XXX Cable, 202
CFCS-XXX Cable, 201
CFOS-XXX Cable, 203
CMDO-XXX Cable, 196
CMDS-XXX Cable, 200
CMDX-XXX Cable, 195
CMMS-XXX Cable, 200
D
DDS-XXX Cable, 198
Diagnostic Display, 169
Digital Inputs and Outputs, 61
Drive Faults, 180
I
Installation Notes, 129
Introduction, 1
Invalid Configuration, 172, 173
L
Low DC Bus Fault, 173
M
Modbus Communications, 130
Motor Over Temperature Fault, 174
213
FM-3 Programming Module Reference Manual
N
T
Non-volatile Memory Invalid, 172
TERM-H (Head) Terminator, 199
TERM-T (Tail) Terminator, 199
TIA-XXX Cable, 198
O
Over Speed Fault, 174
P
Power Stage Fault, 173
Power-Up Self-Test Failure, 172
Programming Error Messages, 182
R
Registration Index, 20
RMS Shunt Power Fault, 174
Rotary + and Rotary - Indexes, 21
Rotary Indexes, 21
S
Safety Considerations, vii
Safety of Machinery, vii
Safety Precautions, vii
Setup, 25
Setup, Commissioning and Maintenance, vii
status codes
decimal point, 169
Ready, 169
Ready to Run, 169
214
W
Watchdog Timer, 172
Since 1979, EMERSON Motion Control, a subsidiary of the Emerson Electric
Company, has been a leader in the development and manufacturing of motion
control equipment and software. EMERSON Motion Control continues to lead
the industry in supplying motion control devices designed to improve
production efficiency.
For more information about EMERSON Motion Control products and services,
call 1.800.39-SERVO or contact our website at
www.emersondrivesolutions.com.
EMERSON Motion Control
Subsidiary of Emerson Electric Co.
12005 Technology Drive
Eden Prairie, Minnesota 55344
U.S.A.
Sales: 952.995.8000 or 1.800.39-SERVO
Service: 952.995.8033
Fax: 952.995.8011
Printed in U.S.A.