VESPA GTV 250 i.e. Technical data

Vespa would like to thank you
for choosing one of its products. We have prepared this manual to help you to get the very best from your scooter. Please read it carefully before riding
the scooter for the first time. It contains information, tips and precautions for using your scooter. It also describes features, details and devices to assure
you that you have made the right choice. We believe that if you follow our suggestions, you will soon get to know your new vehicle and it will serve you
well for a long time to come. This booklet forms an integral part of the scooter; should the scooter be sold, it must be transferred to the new owner.
Vespa GTV 250 i.e.
The instructions given in this manual are intended to provide a clear, simple guide to using your scooter; details are also given of routine maintenance
procedures and regular checks that should be carried out on the vehicle at an Authorised PIAGGIO Dealer or Service Centre. The booklet also
contains instructions for simple repairs. Any operations not specifically described in this manual require the use of special tools and/or particular technical
knowledge: to carry out these operations refer to any authorised PIAGGIO Dealer or Service Centre.
2
Personal safety
Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment
Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the vehicle to prevent damaging the environment.
Vehicle intactness
The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
The signs that you see on this page are very important. They are used to highlight those
parts of the booklet that should be read with particular care. As you can see, each sign
consists of a different graphic symbol, making it quick and easy to locate the various
topics.
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4
INDEX
VEHICLE......................................................................................
Dashboard................................................................................
Analogue instrument panel.......................................................
Clock.........................................................................................
Setting the total and trip odometers......................................
Key switch.................................................................................
Locking the steering wheel....................................................
Releasing the steering wheel................................................
Switch direction indicators........................................................
Horn button...............................................................................
Light switch...............................................................................
Start-up button..........................................................................
Engine stop button....................................................................
The immobilizer system............................................................
Keys......................................................................................
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led...............................
Operation...............................................................................
Programming the immobilizer system...................................
Accessing the fuel tank.............................................................
The saddle................................................................................
Opening the saddle...............................................................
Identification..............................................................................
Rear top box opening................................................................
USE..............................................................................................
Checks......................................................................................
Refuelling..................................................................................
Tyre pressure............................................................................
Shock absorbers adjustment....................................................
Running in.................................................................................
Starting up the engine...............................................................
Precautions...........................................................................
Difficult start up.........................................................................
Stopping the engine..................................................................
7
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
21
22
22
24
25
26
26
27
27
28
Stand.........................................................................................
Automatic transmission.............................................................
Safe driving...............................................................................
Rear rack..................................................................................
MAINTENANCE...........................................................................
Engine oil level..........................................................................
Engine oil level check............................................................
Engine oil top-up...................................................................
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure).................................
Engine oil change..................................................................
Hub oil level..............................................................................
Tyres.........................................................................................
Spark plug dismantlement........................................................
Removing the air filter...............................................................
Cooling fluid level......................................................................
Checking the brake oil level......................................................
Battery.......................................................................................
Use of a new battery.............................................................
Long periods of inactivity..........................................................
Fuses........................................................................................
Front light group........................................................................
Headlight adjustment.............................................................
Front direction indicators...........................................................
Rear optical unit........................................................................
Rear turn indicators...................................................................
Rear-view mirrors......................................................................
Front and rear disc brake..........................................................
Puncture....................................................................................
Periods of inactivity...................................................................
Cleaning the vehicle..................................................................
TECHNICAL DATA......................................................................
Kit equipment............................................................................
SPARE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES........................................
5
28
29
29
31
33
34
34
34
34
35
36
38
39
40
41
43
44
45
46
47
50
51
52
53
53
53
54
55
56
56
61
65
67
Warnings................................................................................... 68
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE............................................... 71
Scheduled maintenance table................................................... 72
6
Vespa GTV
250 i.e.
Chap. 01
Vehicle
7
Dashboard (01_01)
A = Starter button
B = Engine block Run-Off switch
C = Throttle control
D = Front brake lever
E = Instrument panel
F = Rear brake control lever
01_01
G = Horn button
H = Turn indicator switch
I = Light switch
Analogue instrument panel (01_02)
A = Fuel gauge
B = Headlight warning light
C = High-beam warning light
D = Speedometer
E = ABS Warning light (wiring)
F = Coolant temperature warning light
G = Antitheft device Led (immobilizer)
01_02
H = Engine control telltale light and injection system failure warning light
I = Turn indicator warning light
L = Odometer
M = Low oil pressure warning light
1 Vehicle
N = Low fuel warning light
8
Located on the instrument panel, it displays hours and minutes with 1 to 24 hour time.
Besides hours and minutes, month and day can also be displayed with the «T» button.
In order to adjust the above mentioned functions, operate button «U».
01_03
Setting the total and trip odometers (01_04)
The «TRIP» button displays the total and partial kilometres covered when pressed
repeatedly for less than 1 second. It resets the trip odometer when pushed more than
3 seconds. Push the «TRIP» button again to return to total odometer value.
01_04
Key switch (01_05)
LOCK = ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical antitheft device enabled.
OFF = ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical antitheft device disabled.
ON = Ready to ignition position, non-extractable key, mechanical antitheft device disabled, lights on.
Locking the steering wheel
01_05
Turn the handlebar to the left (as far as it will go), turn the key to position «LOCK»
and remove the key.
9
1 Vehicle
Clock (01_03)
CAUTION
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
Releasing the steering wheel
Reinsert the key and turn it to «OFF».
CAUTION
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
Switch direction indicators (01_06)
Lever towards "S" = Left turn indicator is switched on;
Lever towards "D" = Right turn indicator is switched on;
The lever returns automatically to position "0" and the turn indicator "B" remains on;
press the lever to turn them off.
1 Vehicle
01_06
10
Push the «C» button to sound the horn.
01_07
Light switch (01_08)
0 = Low beam and side light
1 = High beam and side light
01_08
Start-up button (01_09)
Starter button "G"
01_09
11
1 Vehicle
Horn button (01_07)
Engine stop button (01_10)
0 = OFF
1 = RUN
01_10
The immobilizer system
In order to enhance theft protection, the scooter is equipped with a «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER » electronic engine locking device that is activated automatically when
the starter key is removed. Upon start-up, the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system
checks the starter key, and only if this key is recognised will the immobilizer system
allow the scooter to be started.
Keys (01_11, 01_12, 01_13)
Two types of keys come with the vehicle.
01_11
The red-handgrip key "A" is the "MASTER" key.
Only a single copy of this key is supplied, which is necessary to program all your other
keys and for your dealer to perform some maintenance operations. For this reason it
is advised that it be used only in exceptional circumstances.
The blue key «B» (single copy supplied) is used for normal operations such as:
- engine start up
1 Vehicle
- glove-box opening
01_12
Together with the two keys, you will be given a CODE CARD bearing the same code
imprinted onto the two keys.
12
LOSING THE RED KEY PREVENTS ANY REPAIRS OF THE "PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER" SYSTEM AND THE ENGINE CONTROL UNIT.
WARNING
01_13
KEEP THE "CODE CARD" AND THE RED HANDGRIP KEY IN A SAFE PLACE
(NOT ON YOUR VEHICLE).
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led (01_14)
Activation of the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system is signalled by a flashing red
warning light.
To reduce battery discharge, the indicator led turns off automatically after 48 hours of
uninterrupted functioning.
01_14
Should the system fail, different LED flashing patterns will be provided by an Authorised Piaggio-Gilera Service Centre with information on the type of fault detected.
Operation
Every time the starter key is removed in the "OFF" or "LOCK" position, the safety
system activates the immobilizer system. Turning the key to "ON" disables the engine
lock, provided that the safety system recognises the code transmitted by the key. If
the code is not recognised, turn the key first to "OFF" and then to "ON"; if the lock
cannot be disabled, try with the other key supplied (red-coloured). If the engine cannot
be started, contact an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre, which is provided with
the electronic equipment required to detect and repair the system.
When additional keys are required, please note that data storage (up to 7 keys max.)
must be done on all keys, both new ones and existing ones.
13
1 Vehicle
WARNING
Take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre carrying with you the
red-handgrip key and all the blue keys in your possession.
The codes of keys not submitted for the new storage procedure are deleted from the
memory. Any lost keys will therefore not be enabled to start the engine.
WARNING
EACH KEY HAS ITS OWN AND UNIQUE CODE, WHICH MUST BE STORED BY
THE SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT.
VIOLENT SHOCKS MAY AFFECT THE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS OF THE
KEY.
IF OWNERSHIP OF THE VEHICLE IS TRANSFERRED, THE RED-HANDGRIP KEY
(AS WELL AS THE OTHER KEYS) AND THE "CODE CARD" MUST ALSO BE
TRANSFERRED TO THE NEW OWNER.
Programming the immobilizer system
Below is described the procedure to follow for programming the PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER system and/or for storing other key codes. The programming procedure should
be carried out with the engine stop switch set to «RUN».
Procedure start - red key
Insert the red-handgrip key in the switch key (in "OFF" position) and turn it to "ON".
After 1 - 3 seconds, turn the key to "OFF" again and pull it out.
Intermediate step - blu key
1 Vehicle
Within ten seconds after pulling out the red key, insert the black key and promptly turn
it to «ON». After 1-3 seconds, turn the key to "OFF" again and pull it out.
In this way, a maximum of 3 blue keys can be programmed by repeating the above
procedure and keeping the indicated times.
14
After pulling out the last blue key, insert the red key again and turn it to "ON" (this
operation should be performed within 10 seconds of pulling out the previous key).
Leave it in this position for 1 to 3 seconds and return it to the «OFF» position.
Proper programming check
Insert the red key disabling the transponder (i.e., tilt the key cap by 90°) and turn the
key to "ON". Perform the engine start-up operation. Ensure that the engine does not
start. Insert the blue key and repeat the start-up operation. Check that engine starts.
WARNING
SHOULD THE ENGINE START WITH THE RED KEY (WITH TRANSPONDER OFF),
OR IN THE EVENT OF WRONG OPERATION DURING PROGRAMMING, REPEAT
THE PROCEDURE FROM THE BEGINNING.
Accessing the fuel tank (01_15, 01_16, 01_17)
With the key set to «OFF» or «ON», or with engine on, it is possible to electrically open
the saddle by pressing the button «C». If the saddle opening system does not work,
operate the emergency lever «A». Then, unscrew cap «B» and the fuel tank can be
reached.
01_15
15
1 Vehicle
Final step - red key
01_16
01_17
The saddle (01_18)
Saddles fitted to this scooter are upholstered in Authentic Leather, and are a stylish
accessory to emphasise an already exclusive product such as your Vespa. As leather
is a natural and vivid material, it tends to get "very opaque" aspect as time goes by,
an aspect typical of Authentic Leather. This product may also show characteristic undertones and strains.
1 Vehicle
To care and maintain the features of the saddle through time, follow these tips: Do not
expose it to weather changes, when the scooter is parked protect it with the waterproof
cover supplied and stored under the saddle.
01_18
Periodically, especially during rainy seasons, apply commercially available waterproofing products (footwear spray). Do not apply shoe polish or wax on the saddle so
as not to stain your clothes.
16
If the saddle gets stained, wipe the area and if necessary wash it with lukewarm water
and neutral soap.
WARNING
01_19
DUE TO THE SPECIAL SADDLE STRUCTURE AND COVER CHARACTERISTICS,
USE THE SUPPLIED WATERPROOF PROTECTION, PLACED UNDER THE SADDLE, EVERY TIME THE SCOOTER HAS TO BE PARKED IN THE OPEN FOR A
LONG TIME.
Opening the saddle (01_19, 01_20, 01_21, 01_22)
With the key set to «OFF» or «ON», or with engine on, it is possible to electrically open
the saddle by pressing button «C». If the electric opening does not work, use the
emergency lever "A". When the key is set to "LOCK" the saddle cannot be opened.
01_20
WARNING
DUE TO THE SPECIAL SADDLE STRUCTURE AND COVER CHARACTERISTICS,
USE THE SUPPLIED WATERPROOF PROTECTION, PLACED UNDER THE SADDLE, EVERY TIME THE SCOOTER HAS TO BE PARKED IN THE OPEN FOR A
LONG TIME.
01_21
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1 Vehicle
In case of forced and prolonged exposure to water, dry the saddle far from any heat
source, do not to use alcohol, solvent-based products and pay special care when
refuelling.
01_22
Identification (01_23, 01_24, 01_25)
The identification registration numbers consist of a prefix followed by a number stamped on both the chassis «A» and the engine «B». These numbers must always be
indicated on spare parts requests. To read the chassis number, lift the saddle and
remove the helmet compartment «C». We recommend checking that the chassis registration number stamped on the scooter corresponds with that on the scooter's
documents.
CAUTION
01_23
1 Vehicle
BE REMINDED THAT ALTERING IDENTIFICATION REGISTRATION NUMBERS
CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS PENAL SANCTIONS (IMPOUNDING OF THE VEHICLE,
ETC.).
01_24
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1 Vehicle
01_25
Rear top box opening (01_26, 01_27)
Insert the key into the switch and press down until the glove compartment opens. If
the switch is set to "LOCK", turn the key to "OFF" or "ON" before pressing it down.
01_26
01_27
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20
1 Vehicle
Vespa GTV
250 i.e.
Chap. 02
Use
21
Checks
Before using the vehicle, check:
1. There is enough fuel in the fuel tank.
2. The correct fluid level for front and rear brakes.
3. That tyres are properly inflated.
4. The correct functioning of tail lights, headlamp, turn indicators, stop light and license
plate light.
5. The correct functioning of front and rear brakes.
6. The oil level in the gearcase.
7. The engine oil level.
8. The coolant level.
Refuelling (02_01, 02_02)
Fuel: lift the saddle and unscrew the cap «B». Recommended fuel: Unleaded petrol
(95 octane min.). The fuel reserve level is signalled when the warning light «N» turns
on.
WARNING
02_01
SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE BEFORE REFUELLING WITH PETROL.
PETROL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE.
DO NOT SMOKE AND KEEP OPEN FLAMES AT A DISTANCE:FIRE HAZARD.
2 Use
DO NOT INHALE FUEL FUMES.
DO NOT ALLOW PETROL TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH HOT ENGINE OR
ANY PLASTIC PARTS.
22
2 Use
CAUTION
PETROL DAMAGES THE PLASTIC PARTS OF THE BODYWORK.
CAUTION
02_02
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
CAUTION
DO NOT USE THE VEHICLE TO THE COMPLETE EXHAUSTION OF THE FUEL;
IN THE EVENT THAT THIS SHOULD OCCUR, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE
ENGINE. TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO OFF AND TOP-UP THE TANK AS SOON
AS POSSIBLE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE GUIDELINES COULD DAMAGE
THE FUEL PUMP AND/OR THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
Characteristic
Fuel tank capacity
~ 9.2 litres
23
Tyre pressure (02_03)
Check the tyre pressure and wear periodically (roughly every 500 km). The tyres are
equipped with wear indicators; the tyres should be replaced as soon as these indicators become visible on the tyre tread. Also check that tyres do not show cuts on the
sides or irregular tread wear; if this occurs, go to an authorised workshop or at least
a workshop equipped to perform the replacement.
CAUTION
02_03
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
Characteristic
Front tyre pressure
1.8 bar
Rear tyre pressure
2 bar
Rear tyre pressure - driver and passenger
2 Use
2.2 bar
24
The preloading of the springs can be adjusted to 4 positions using the ring nut located
in the lower part of the shock absorbers and the specific spanner supplied.
Position 1: Minimum preload: driver only
Position 2 medium preloading: driver only
Position 3 medium preloading: rider and passenger
Position 4: Maximum preload: driver, passenger, and luggage.
02_04
In order to carry out this operation you will need to use the specific spanner in the kit.
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH THE SPRING PRELOADING NOT CORRECTLY SET
FOR THE RIDER AND POSSIBLE PASSENGER, COULD REDUCE THE COMFORT OF THE RIDE AND THE PRECISION OF THE STEERING.
WARNING
WE RECOMMEND WEARING GLOVES WHILE CARRYING OUT THIS OPERATION IN ORDER TO AVOID INJURIES.
WARNING
WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND NOT TO ADJUST BOTH SHOCK ABSORBERS
WITH DIFFERENT PRELOADING
25
2 Use
Shock absorbers adjustment (02_04)
Running in (02_05)
WARNING
02_05
DURING THE FIRST 1000 KM DO NOT RIDE THE VEHICLE OVER 80% OF ITS
MAXIMUM SPEED. AVOID TWISTING THE THROTTLE GRIP FULLY OR KEEPING A CONSTANT SPEED ALONG LONG SECTIONS OF ROAD. AFTER THE
FIRST 1000 KM, GRADUALLY INCREASE SPEED UNTIL REACHING THE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE.
Starting up the engine (02_06, 02_07)
To start the engine it is necessary, before pressing the starter button, to pull and keep
pulled the front or rear brake lever, which activates the appropriate switch allowing
start-up.
1. Rest the vehicle on its centre-stand, ensuring the rear wheel is not touching the
ground.
2. Maintain the throttle grip «E» completely untwisted.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch «A» and turn to position «ON».
02_06
4. Make sure that switch «B» "0-1" is set to "1".
5. Pull lever «C» of the front or rear brake and then activate the starter button «D».
WARNING
2 Use
THE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MAKES THE REAR WHEEL TURN EVEN
WHEN THE THROTTLE IS SLIGHTLY TWISTED. RELEASE THE BRAKE CAREFULLY AFTER STARTING, AND THEN ACCELERATE GRADUALLY.
02_07
26
2 Use
CAUTION
DO NOT START-UP THE ENGINE IN CLOSED AREAS BECAUSE EXHAUST
GASES ARE TOXIC.
Precautions
CAUTION
NEVER STRESS THE ENGINE AT LOW TEMPERATURES IN ORDER TO AVOID
POSSIBLE DAMAGE. BE CAREFUL NEVER TO EXCEED THE MAXIMUM SPEED
WHILE RUNNING DOWNHILL, IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE.
IN ANY CASE, IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THE ENGINE FROM PROLONGED EXCESSIVE REVOLUTIONS, THE REVOLUTION LIMITER WILL BE ACTIVATED IF
THE ENGINE SPEED EXCEEDS THE ESTABLISHED THRESHOLD.
WARNING
AFTER A LONG DISTANCE COVERED AT THE MAXIMUM SPEED, DO NOT STOP
THE ENGINE IMMEDIATELY, BUT LET IT RUN AT IDLE FOR A FEW SECONDS.
Difficult start up
In the rare case of flooding the engine, to facilitate start-up, it is possible to try to put
the vehicle into action with the gas hand grip partially or completely open. It is however
necessary, once the engine is started, to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service
Centre to determine the cause of this problem and to re-establish the vehicle proper
functioning.
27
Stopping the engine (02_08, 02_09)
Fully untwist the throttle grip and then turn the switch key «A» to «OFF» (extractable
key), or turn the switch «B» to «0».
CAUTION
02_08
DUE TO THE HIGH TEMPERATURES THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER CAN
REACH, ALWAYS TAKE CARE, WHEN PARKING THE SCOOTER, THAT THE
EXHAUST DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH FLAMMABLE MATERIALS,
TO AVOID SERIOUS BURNS.
CAUTION
DO NOT SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE WHILE THE VEHICLE IS MOVING. UNBURNED FUEL COULD ENTER THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER AND BURN,
CAUSING IT TO OVERHEAT AND POSSIBLY DESTROYING IT.
02_09
Stand (02_10)
CENTRE STAND
With your foot push the projection of the centre stand «F » while lifting the vehicle
backwards, holding onto the side handles.
SIDE STAND
Push the projection of the stand "L " with your foot in order to open it and at the same
time lean the vehicle on you.
2 Use
02_10
28
To ensure simple, pleasurable riding, the vehicle is equipped with automatic transmission with regulator and centrifugal clutch. The system is designed to provide the
best performance (acceleration and consumption) while riding on both flat roads and
uphill.
If you have to stop on an uphill slope (traffic lights, traffic jam, etc.) use only the brake
to keep the vehicle still, leaving the engine running at idle speed. Using the
engine to keep the vehicle still can cause the clutch to overheat, due to the
friction of the clutch mechanism itself against the clutch bell.
02_11
It is therefore recommended to avoid conditions of prolonged clutch slippage (other
than those previously indicated) like driving uphill fully laden on steep slopes or starting
off with driver and passenger at slopes with steepness greater than 25%.
Observe the following precautions if the clutch overheats:
1. Do not continue riding in such conditions.
2. Let the clutch cool down with the engine at idle speed for a few minutes.
Safe driving (02_12)
WARNING
SOME SIMPLE TIPS ARE PROVIDED BELOW THAT WILL ENABLE YOU TO USE
YOUR SCOOTER ON A DAILY BASIS IN GREATER SAFETY AND WITH MORE
PEACE OF MIND.
<
02_12
Your ability and your knowledge of the vehicle form the basis of safe riding. We recommend trying out the vehicle in traffic-free zones to get to know your vehicle
completely.
ALWAYS DRIVE WITHIN YOUR LIMITS
29
2 Use
Automatic transmission (02_11)
1. Before riding off, remember to put on your helmet and fasten it correctly.
2. Reduce speed and ride cautiously on uneven roads.
3. Remember that after riding on a long stretch of wet road without using the brakes,
the braking effect is initially lower. Given these conditions, it is a good idea to operate
the brakes from time to time.
4. Do not brake hard on a wet surface, on dirt tracks or on any slippery road surface.
5. If you have to brake, use both brakes in order to divide the braking action between
both wheels.
6. Avoid starting off by mounting the scooter while it is still resting on its stand. In any
case, the rear wheel should not be turning when in comes into contact with the ground,
in order to avoid abrupt departures.
7. If the vehicle is used on roads covered with sand, mud, snow mixed with salt, etc.,
clean the brake disc frequently with mild detergent in order to prevent abrasive substances from building up within the holes, which can result in early wear of the brake
pads.
8. Any elaboration that modifies the vehicle's performances, such as tampering with
original structural parts is strictly forbidden by law, and renders the vehicle not conforming to the approved type and therefor dangerous to ride.
CAUTION
DO NOT FORGET THAT DRIVING IN A STATE OF DRUNKENNESS, OR WHEN
UNDER THE EFFECT OF DRUGS OR CERTAIN MEDICINES, CAN BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS FOR ONESELF AND FOR OTHERS.
2 Use
CAUTION
ANY CHANGES TO THE VEHICLE PERFORMANCE AS WELL AS ALTERATIONS
TO ORIGINAL STRUCTURAL PARTS IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN BY LAW, AND
30
Rear rack (02_13)
When riding without packages on the luggage racks, set the corresponding retainer
latch "A" as shown in the photograph.
WARNING
Maximum admissible load: 6 kg
02_13
31
2 Use
RENDERS THE VEHICLE NO LONGER CONFORMING TO THE APPROVED TYPE
AND DANGEROUS FOR RIDING.
32
2 Use
Vespa GTV
250 i.e.
Chap. 03
Maintenance
33
Engine oil level
03_01
In 4T engines, engine oil is used to lubricate the distribution elements, main bearings
and thermal group. An insufficient quantity of oil can cause serious damage to
the engine itself. In all four-stroke engines, a loss of efficiency in oil performance and
consumption should be considered normal. Consumption can particularly reflect the
conditions of use (i.e. when driving at "full acceleration" all the time, oil consumption
increases). The replacement frequencies provided for by the maintenance programme
are defined, depending on the total contents of oil in the engine and average consumption measured following standardised methods. In order to prevent any problems, we recommend checking oil level more frequently than indicated in the
Scheduled Maintenance table or before setting off on long journeys. The vehicle
is, however, equipped with an oil pressure warning light on the instrument panel.
Engine oil level check (03_01)
03_02
Every time the scooter is used, a visual check should be made on the level of the
engine oil when the engine is cold. The oil level should be somewhere between the
MAX and MIN index marks on the level bar; the check must be made with the scooter
upright, resting on the centre stand. If the check is carried out after the vehicle has
been used, and therefore with a hot engine, the level line will be lower; in order to carry
out a correct check it is necessary to wait at least 10 minutes after the engine has
been stopped, so as to get the correct level.
Engine oil top-up
3 Maintenance
Any topping up with oil must be carried out after the oil level check by adding oil, but
never exceeding the MAX level. The topping up of the level between MIN and
MAX requires approx. 200 cc of oil. Every 5000 km, however, the engine oil level
should be checked and topped up, if necessary, at an Authorised Piaggio Service
Centre.
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure)
03_03
The vehicle is equipped with a warning light that lights up when the key is turned to
the «ON». However, this light should switch off once the engine has been started. If
the light comes on while braking, at idle speed or while turning a corner, it is
necessary to check the oil level and top it up if required. If after having topped34
Engine oil change (03_02, 03_03)
The oil and cartridge filter "C" must be changed after 1,000 km and every 10,000 km
at an authorised Piaggio service centre. The engine should be emptied by draining
the oil from the drainage cap "B" of the gauze filter on the flywheel side. In order to
facilitate the oil drainage, loosen the cap/dipstick. Since a certain quantity of oil remains in the circuit still, the top-up should be carried out with around 600 ÷ 650 cc of
oil from cap "A". Then start up the scooter, leave it running for a few minutes and
switch it off: after five minutes, check the level and if necessary top up without exceeding the MAX. level. The cartridge filter must be replaced at every oil change.
For top up and change, use new oil of the recommended type.
WARNING
RUNNING THE ENGINE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION OR WITH INADEQUATE LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF THE MOVING
PARTS AND CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
WARNING
EXCESSIVE OIL LEVEL AT TOP-UPS CAN LEAD TO SCALE FORMATION AND
VEHICLE MALFUNCTIONING.
CAUTION
USED OILS CONTAIN SUBSTANCES HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT. FOR
OIL REPLACEMENT, CONTACT AN AUTHORISED PIAGGIO SERVICE CENTRE,
35
3 Maintenance
up the oil, the warning light still comes on while braking, at idle speed or while
turning a corner, it will be necessary to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre.
AS THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF SPENT OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
CAUTION
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA Synthetic oil
Hub oil level (03_04, 03_05)
Check the oil in the rear hub. To check the rear hub oil level, proceed as follows:
1) Park the scooter on level ground and rest it on its stand.
2) Unscrew dipstick "A", wipe it clean with a cloth, reinsert it and tighten completely.
3) Pull out the dipstick and check that the oil level is above the first notch from the
bottom.
4) Reinsert the dipstick and ensure that it is tightened correctly.
3 Maintenance
03_04
N.B.
The notches on the hub oil level dipstick, except for the one indicating the
"MAX" level, refer to other models by the manufacturer and have no specific
function for this model.
03_05
36
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT HUB LUBRICATION OR WITH CONTAMINATED OR IMPROPER LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND
TEAR OF THE MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE.
CAUTION
USED OIL CAN HARM THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL
SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT REGULATIONS.
CAUTION
AN EXCESSIVE QUANTITY OF OIL CAN LEAD TO LEAKAGE, WHICH MAY
CAUSE THE ENGINE AND THE WHEEL TO GET DIRTY.
CAUTION
WHEN REPLACING THE HUB OIL DO NOT LET THE OIL COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE REAR BRAKE DISC.
CAUTION
FOR OIL REPLACEMENT, CONTACT ANY AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE AS
THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF USED OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY
FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
37
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
Recommended products
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the requirements of API GL3 specifications
Characteristic
Rear hub oil
250 cc
Tyres (03_06)
Check periodically (about every 500 km) the tyre pressure. The tyres are equipped
with wear indicators; the tyres should be replaced as soon as these indicators become
visible on the tyre tread. Also check that the tyres do not show signs of splitting at the
side or irregular tread wear; if this occurs, go to an authorised workshop or at least a
workshop equipped to perform the replacement.
CAUTION
03_06
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
3 Maintenance
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
TYRES
Front tyre
Without inner tube 120/70-12" 51P
38
Without inner tube: 130/70-12" 62P
3 Maintenance
Rear tyre
TYRE PRESSURE
Front tyre pressure
1.8 bar
Rear tyre pressure
2 bar
Rear tyre pressure - driver and
passenger
2.2 bar
Spark plug dismantlement (03_07, 03_08)
Proceed as follows:
1. lift the saddle «A»
2. lift the helmet compartment «B» and reach into the spark plug with your hand;
3. disconnect cap of the spark plug HV wire;
4. unscrew the spark plug using the spark plug spanners «D» supplied;
03_07
5. When refitting, place the spark plug in the hole at the due inclination and screw it
by hand until it is finger tight;
6. use the box-spanner«D» supplied only for locking;
7. place cap fully over the spark plug.
WARNING
03_08
THE SPARK PLUG MUST BE REMOVED WHEN THE ENGINE IS COLD. THE
SPARK PLUG MUST BE REPLACED EVERY 20,000 KM. USE OF ELECTRONIC
CONTROL UNITS OR ELECTRONIC IGNITIONS DIFFERING FROM THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
39
CAUTION
THE USE OF SPARK PLUGS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED OR A
SHIELDLESS SPARK PLUG CAP COULD CAUSE DISTURBANCES TO THE SYSTEM.
Characteristic
Recommended spark plug
Champion RG 4 PHP
Removing the air filter (03_09, 03_10, 03_11, 03_12)
Proceed as follows:
1. unscrew the fixing screw «A».
2. unscrew the nut «B» under the body.
3. remove the left side fairing;
4. remove the helmet compartment;
03_09
5. unscrew the fixing screws «C» that can be reached after the helmet compartment
has been removed;
3 Maintenance
6. unscrew the screws « D» and remove the air filter cover.
Remove the filtering element and clean it with water and shampoo; then dry it with a
clean cloth and short blasts of compressed air. Finally, immerse it in a mixture containing 50% oil of the recommended type and 50% petrol. Then gently squeeze the
filter element between your hands, allow it to drip and then refit it. Possible oil or water
deposits can be eliminated by removing the two rubber caps «E».
03_10
40
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS IT IS NECESSARY TO CARRY OUT
MAINTENANCE CONTROLS OF THE AIR FILTER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE
ENGINE.
CAUTION
03_11
IN ORDER NOT TO DAMAGE THE VEHICLE PLASTIC COVERS CONTACT AN
AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE TO HAVE THE AIR FILTER CLEANED.
Recommended products
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased adhesiveness
03_12
Cooling fluid level (03_13, 03_14)
03_13
Engine cooling is carried out by a forced-circulation coolant system; the cooling system
holds about 2.100 ÷ 2.150 l of coolant- a mixture of 50% de-ionised water and 50%
ethylene-glycol antifreeze solution and corrosion inhibitors. Recommended coolant,
supplied with already mixed and ready for use fluid. For proper functioning of the engine, the coolant temperature needle should be within the middle zone of the scale
between the 5th and 8th bar. If the needle points at the 10th bar, the instrument bars
lit at that moment start flashing. Stop the engine, let it cool down and check the fluid
level; if the level is OK, take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. If when using your scooter at a low gear the coolant temperature exceeds the
above values, shut off the engine and let it cool down. Then check the coolant level.
if level is OK, take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. The fluid
41
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
level must checked every 10,000 kilometres with a cold engine, in the way shown
below:
a) Place the scooter in a vertical position on the stand.
b) Unscrew the fixing screw «A» and remove the cover.
c) Check the fluid level according to the two marks- MIN and MAX «B» on the reservoir
d) Top up, if necessary, if the fluid level is below the MIN level on the scale inside the
expansion tank. The fluid level must always be between MIN and MAX level
03_14
If the fluid is near the minimum level, top-up only when the engine is cold. If it is necessary to top up the coolant frequently, or if the expansion tank is completely dry, you
should look for the cause in the cooling system. Have the cooling system checked at
an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. Coolant must be changed every 2 years at
an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre.
WARNING
IN ORDER TO AVOID BURNS, DO NOT UNSCREW THE EXPANSION TANK CAP
WHILE THE ENGINE IS STILL HOT.
WARNING
IN ORDER TO AVOID HARMFUL FLUID LEAKS WHILE RIDING, IT IS IMPORTANT
TO MAKE SURE THAT THE LEVEL NEVER EXCEEDS THE MAXIMUM VALUE.
3 Maintenance
IN ORDER TO GUARANTEE THE PROPER FUNCTION OF THE ENGINE, IT IS
NECESSARY TO KEEP THE RADIATOR GRILLE CLEAN.
Recommended products
SPECIAL AGIP PERMANENT fluid
coolant
42
Checking the brake oil level (03_15, 03_16)
The brake fluid reservoirs are located on the pumps under the handlebar cover (front
on the right-hand side, rear on the left-hand side). The procedures to checking the
brake fluid level for the front and rear brakes are identical.
Proceed as follows:
1. rest the scooter on its centre stand and make sure the handlebar is centred;
2. check fluid level through the corresponding warning light «C».
03_15
A certain lowering of the level is caused by wear on the pads. Should the level appear
to be below the minimum mark, please contact your nearest PIAGGIO dealer or authorised service centre in order to have a thorough inspection of the brake system
carried out. Proceed as follows:
3. remove the tank cover «D» loosening the two screws «E» and refill reaching the
correct level with the prescribed brake fluid type only and without exceeding the maximum level.
Under normal climatic conditions, the brake fluid should be replaced every 2 years.
This operation must be carried out by trained technicians; take your scooter to a
PIAGGIO Dealer or authorised Service Centre.
03_16
WARNING
ONLY USE DOT 4 CLASS BRAKE FLUIDS. COOLING SYSTEM FLUIDS ARE
HIGHLY CORROSIVE. MAKE SURE THAT IT DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE PAINTWORK
.
43
3 Maintenance
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid, CUNA NC 956-16
CAUTION
AVOID CONTACT OF BRAKE FLUID WITH EYES, SKIN, AND CLOTHING. IN
CASE OF CONTACT, RINSE WITH WATER. THE BRAKING CIRCUIT FLUID IS
HYGROSCOPIC, THAT IS, IT ABSORBS HUMIDITY FROM THE SURROUNDING
AIR. IF THE HUMIDITY IN THE BRAKING FLUID EXCEEDS A CERTAIN VALUE,
IT WILL LEAD TO INEFFICIENT BRAKING. NEVER USE BRAKING FLUID KEPT
IN CONTAINERS THAT HAVE ALREADY BEEN OPENED, OR PARTIALLY USED.
Recommended products
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
Battery (03_17, 03_18, 03_19)
To reach the battery D, proceed as follows:
1. rest the scooter on its centre stand;
2. unscrew the 4 screws «A», remove the footrest «B».
3. remove the two battery fixing screws «C».
The battery is the electrical device that requires the most frequent inspections and
diligent maintenance. The main points of maintenance to be observed are as follows:
3 Maintenance
03_17
CAUTION
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, NEVER DISCONNECT THE WIRING WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING. DO NOT TIP THE SCOOTER TOO MUCH IN ORDER TO AVOID DANGEROUS LEAKAGE OF BATTERY
ELECTROLYTE
44
CAUTION
ELECTROLYTE CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID: AVOID CONTACT WITH EYES,
SKIN AND CLOTHES. IN THE CASE OF ACCIDENTAL CONTACT, RINSE WITH
ABUNDANT OF WATER AND CONSULT A DOCTOR.
03_18
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Electric characteristic
Battery
03_19
12V - 12 Ah
Use of a new battery
Ensure that the terminals are connected correctly and check voltage.
CAUTION
DO NOT REVERSE THE POLARITY: RISK OF SHORT CIRCUIT AND DAMAGE
TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
45
3 Maintenance
.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Long periods of inactivity
Battery performance will decrease if the vehicle is not used for a long time. This is the
result of the natural phenomenon of battery discharging plus residual absorption by
vehicle components with constant power consumption. Poor battery performance may
also be due to environmental conditions and the cleanness of the poles. In order to
avoid difficult starts and/or irreversible damage to the battery, follow any of these
steps:
- At least once a month start the engine and run it slightly above idle speed for 10-15
minutes. This keeps all the engine components, as well as the battery, in good working
order.
- Take your vehicle to a garage (as indicated in the "Vehicle not used for extended
periods" section) to have the battery removed. Have the battery cleaned, charged fully
and stored in a dry, ventilated place. Recharge at least once every two months.
N.B.
3 Maintenance
THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED WITH A CURRENT EQUAL TO 1/10 OF THE
RATED CAPACITY OF THE BATTERY AND FOR NOT LONGER THAN 10 HOURS.
CONTACT AN AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE TO CARRY OUT THIS OPERATION SAFELY. WHEN REFITTING THE BATTERY MAKE SURE THE LEADS ARE
CORRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE TERMINALS.
46
DO NOT DISCONNECT THE BATTERY CABLES WITH THE ENGINE RUNNING,
THIS CAN CAUSE PERMANENT DAMAGE TO THE VEHICLE ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Fuses (03_20, 03_21, 03_22)
The electrical system is equipped with:
1. six protection fuses «A» located in the glove compartment to the left
2. two fuses «B» located under the helmet compartment under the saddle hinge latch.
3. two fuses «C» located under the helmet compartment on the side fairing.
The chart shows the position and characteristics of the fuses in the vehicle.
03_20
CAUTION
BEFORE REPLACING THE BLOWN FUSE, FIND AND SOLVE THE FAILURE
THAT CAUSED IT TO BLOW. NEVER TRY TO REPLACE THE FUSE WITH ANY
OTHER MATERIAL (E.G., A PIECE OF ELECTRIC WIRE).
47
3 Maintenance
WARNING
CAUTION
MODIFICATIONS OR REPAIRS TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, PERFORMED
INCORRECTLY OR WITHOUT STRICT ATTENTION TO THE TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE SYSTEM, CAN CAUSE ERRORS IN FUNCTIONING AND
RISK OF FIRE.
03_21
03_22
3 Maintenance
FUSES
No.1 - Vehicle main fuse
30A
No. 2 - Live injection ECU
7.5 A
No. 3 - Power to injection load
10A
No. 4 - Battery-powered injection
ECU
7,5A
No. 5 - Live accessories and
instrument panel
10A
48
3 Maintenance
No. 6 - Live light remote control and 7.5 A
horn
No. 7 - Live Headlight and Saddle 15 A
Opening Switch
No. 8 - Battery-powered
10A
Accessories and Instrument panel
No. 9 - Live Stop light and Starter
key
7.5 A
No. 10 - Power to tail light and
instrument panel lighting
7.5 A
BULBS
Low-/ high-beam light
55/60 - 12V (Quantity 1)
Front position light
5W - 12V (Quantity 2)
Instrument Panel warning lights
1.2W - 12V (Quantity 5)
Front turn indicator light
5W - 12V (Quantity 4)
Rear turn indicator light
10W - 12V (Quantity 2)
Rear tail light
5W - 12V (Quantity 1)
Stop Light
16W - 12V (Quantity 1)
License Plate Light
5W - 12V (Quantity 1)
49
Front light group (03_23, 03_24, 03_25, 03_26, 03_27, 03_28)
WARNING
THE TWIN-FILAMENT (HIGH-BEAM AND LOW-BEAM) BULB IS HALOGEN: DO
NOT TOUCH THE BULB WITH YOUR FINGERS TO AVOID COMPROMISING ITS
FUNCTIONING
03_23
N.B.
IF MISTING IS NOTICED ON THE INSIDE OF THE HEADLAMP GLASS, THIS
DOES NOT INDICATE A FAULT AND IS RELATED TO THE HUMIDITY AND/OR
TO LOW TEMPERATURES.
THE PHENOMENON SHOULD QUICKLY DISAPPEAR WHEN THE LIGHT IS
SWITCHED ON.
THE PRESENCE OF DROPS OF WATER, ON THE OTHER HAND, COULD INDICATE THAT WATER IS INFILTRATING. CONTACT THE PIAGGIO AFTER-SALES
SERVICE NETWORK.
03_24
Electric characteristic
Bulbs
1 bulb, 12V/55-60W, for high- and low-beam lights
2 bulbs, 12V/5W, for taillights
To remove the front light assembly, proceed as follows:
3 Maintenance
1: Remove the nut «B» fixing the headlight to the mudguard.
03_25
2: Remove the headlight being careful with the set screw «R», then unhook the connectors of the electrical system.
50
4. To replace the tail light bulb «L», in the headlight, remove the rubber bulb holder
from its seat by pulling it slightly.
5.To refit, repeat the operations but in reverse order.
03_26
To remove the tail light on the shield, proceed as follows:
1: Remove the screw «A» of the front shield grille.
2: Rotate the front shield grille.
To replace the tail light, pull out the rubber lamp holder from its fitting. To reassemble,
repeat the operation in the reverse order.
Headlight adjustment (03_29, 03_30)
Proceed as follows:
03_27
1. Place the vehicle in running order and with the tyres inflated to the prescribed pressure, on a flat surface 10 m away from a white screen situated in a shaded area,
making sure that the longitudinal axis of the vehicle is perpendicular to the screen;
2. Turn on the headlight and check that the borderline of the projected light beam on
the screen is not lower than 9/10 of the distance from the ground to the centre of
vehicle headlamp and higher than 7/10;
3. Otherwise, adjust the headlight operating on the set screw «R» reached from under
the front mudguard.
N.B.
03_28
THE ABOVE PROCEDURE COMPLIES WITH THE EUROPEAN STANDARDS REGARDING MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM HEIGHT OF LIGHT BEAMS. REFER TO THE
STATUTORY REGULATIONS IN FORCE IN EVERY COUNTRY WHERE THE vehicle IS USED.
51
3 Maintenance
3. Remove the rubber cap «T» to reach the bulb holder, turn the ring nut «S» and take
out the high-/low-beam light bulb. «1»; to facilitate access unscrew the screw «V» as
well.
03_29
03_30
Front direction indicators (03_31)
3 Maintenance
To replace the front turn indicator bulbs, remove the tail light taking out the retaining
screw "A", remove the bulb holder from its fitting; gently turn the bulb around 30º and
remove it. Follow the process in reverse order to refit.
03_31
52
Remove screw «A» to remove the rear headlight assembly.
Access to taillight bulbs, stop light bulb and license plate bulb.
To reassemble, repeat the operation in the reverse order.
N.B.
03_32
IF MISTING IS NOTICED ON THE INSIDE OF THE HEADLAMP GLASS, THIS
DOES NOT INDICATE A FAULT AND IS RELATED TO THE HUMIDITY AND/OR
TO LOW TEMPERATURES.
THE PHENOMENON SHOULD QUICKLY DISAPPEAR WHEN THE LIGHT IS
SWITCHED ON.
THE PRESENCE OF DROPS OF WATER, ON THE OTHER HAND, COULD INDICATE THAT WATER IS INFILTRATING. CONTACT THE PIAGGIO AFTER-SALES
SERVICE NETWORK.
Rear turn indicators (03_33)
To gain access to the turn indicator bulbs, remove the fastening screws «E».
The bulbs have a bayonet coupling, to remove them press gently and twist anticlockwise about 30°. To refit follow the same steps but in reverse order.
03_33
Rear-view mirrors
Adjust the mirrors by applying slight pressure to the side of the mirror to move it to the
desired position.
53
3 Maintenance
Rear optical unit (03_32)
Front and rear disc brake (03_34, 03_35)
The brake disc and pad wear is automatically compensated, therefore it has no effect
on the functioning of the front and rear brakes. For this reason it is not necessary to
adjust the brakes. An excessively elastic brake lever stroke may indicate the presence
of air in the braking circuit or a failure in the braking system. In this case, mainly due
to the importance of brakes to guarantee safe riding conditions, the vehicle should be
taken to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer.
CAUTION
03_34
THE BRAKING ACTION SHOULD BEGIN AFTER ABOUT 1/3 OF THE BRAKE
LEVER STROKE.
CAUTION
03_35
HAVE THE BRAKE PADS CHECKED BY THE DEALER ACCORDING TO THE
CHECKS SPECIFIED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE. HOWEVER,
IN THE EVENT OF NOISES COMING FROM THE FRONT AND/OR REAR BRAKE
SYSTEM DURING OPERATION, IT IS ADVISABLE TO HAVE THE BRAKE SYSTEM CHECKED BY A PIAGGIO DEALER OR AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE.
AFTER REPLACING THE BRAKE PADS, DO NOT USE THE SCOOTER UNTIL
YOU HAVE OPERATED THE BRAKE LEVER SEVERAL TIMES IN ORDER TO
ALLOW THE PLUNGERS TO SETTLE AND THE LEVER STROKE TO BE SET TO
THE CORRECT POSITION.
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
THE PRESENCE OF SAND, MUD, SNOW MIXED WITH SALT, ETC. ON THE
ROAD, CAN DRASTICALLY REDUCE THE DURATION OF THE BRAKE PADS. IN
54
Puncture (03_36)
The vehicle is equipped with tubeless tyres (without inner tube). In the event of a
puncture, contrary to the situation with a tyre with inner tube, the tyre deflates more
slowly, resulting in a greater steering safety. In the event of a puncture, it is admissible
to make an emergency repair using an "inflate and repair" spray can. For a final repair,
take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer. The replacement of a
tyre involves removing the wheel in question. Take your vehicle to an Authorised
Service Centre or Dealer for these operations.
CAUTION
03_36
TO USE THE "INFLATE AND REPAIR" SPRAY PROPERLY FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE PACKAGING.
WARNING
THE WHEELS FITTED WITH TYRES SHOULD ALWAYS BE BALANCED. RIDING
THE VEHICLE WITH VERY LOW TYRE PRESSURE OR WITH INCORRECTLY
BALANCED TYRES CAN LEAD TO DANGEROUS STEERING VIBRATIONS.
55
3 Maintenance
ORDER TO AVOID THIS, WE RECOMMEND WASHING THE VEHICLE FREQUENTLY WHEN RIDING IN THESE ROAD CONDITIONS.
Periods of inactivity (03_37)
We recommend carrying out the following operations:
1. Clean the scooter thoroughly and then cover it with a canvas;
2. With the engine off and the piston in the bottom dead centre position, remove the
spark plug, and pour into its hole 1 t0 2 cc of the recommended oil. Operate the starter
button 1-2 times for roughly 1 second to turn the engine over slowly, then insert the
spark plug again;
03_37
3. Ensure that the fuel tank is at least half full (in order to ensure the total immersion of the fuel pump); spread antirust grease on the unpainted metal parts;
keep the wheels lifted above the ground by resting the chassis on two wooden wedges;
4. As regards the battery, follow the instructions in the "Battery" section.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
Cleaning the vehicle (03_38)
Use a low pressure water jet in order to soften the dirt and mud deposited on painted
surfaces. Once softened, mud and dirt must be removed with a soft sponge for bodywork soaked in lots of water and shampoo (2-4% of shampoo in water). Then rinse
abundantly with water, and dry with a shammy cloth. Any polishing with silicon wax
must always be preceded by washing
3 Maintenance
WARNING
03_38
IF THE SCOOTER IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS IT IS NECESSARY TO SERVICE
THE TRANSMISSION COVER FILTER SPONGE MORE FREQUENTLY.
56
DETERGENTS CAN POLLUTE WATER. THE VEHICLE MUST BE WASHED AT A
WASH STATION EQUIPPED WITH A SPECIAL WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM.
WARNING
THE USE OF A HIGH-PRESSURE WATER JET IS STRONGLY DISCOURAGED
FOR ANY ENGINE CLEANING OPERATION; HOWEVER, IF NO OTHER MEANS
ARE AVAILABLE, IT IS THEN NECESSARY TO:
• ONLY USE FANLIKE SPRAY JETS.
• DO NOT PLACE THE WATER JET NOZZLE CLOSER THAN 60 CM.
• DO NOT USE WATER AT TEMPERATURES OVER 40°C.
• DO NOT USE HIGH-PRESSURE WATER JETS.
• DO NOT STEAM WASH.
• DO NOT DIRECT THE JET STRAIGHT TO THE WIRING AND SLOT DIFFUSER
ON THE TRANSMISSION COVER.
WARNING
NEVER WASH THE SCOOTER IN DIRECT SUNLIGHT, ESPECIALLY DURING
SUMMER WHEN THE BODYWORK IS STILL HOT, AS THE SHAMPOO CAN DAMAGE THE PAINTWORK IF IT DRIES BEFORE BEING RINSED OFF. NEVER USE
CLOTHS SOAKED IN PETROL, DIESEL OIL OR KEROSENE FOR CLEANING
THE PAINTED OR PLASTIC SURFACES SO AS NOT TO DAMAGE THE LUSTRE
FINISH OR ALTER THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES.
CLEANING CHROME-PLATED PARTS
57
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
After cleaning chrome-plated parts, polish them with a specific product for chromeplated, aluminium or stainless steel surfaces. To prevent corrosion, apply a protective
spray on all the metal surfaces, including chrome- and nickel-plated ones. Apply spray
oil and wax with moderation and make sure to wipe off excess product immediately.
CAUTION
NEVER APPLY OIL AND WAX ON RUBBER AND PLASTIC PARTS.
CAUTION
CHECK THAT THERE IS NO OIL OR WAX ON THE TYRES. BEFORE USING YOUR
SCOOTER TEST ITS BRAKING EFFICIENCY AND BEHAVIOUR ON A BEND.
3 Maintenance
STARTING FAILURE
Emergency switch in «OFF»
Set the switch back to «ON»
Fuse blown
Replace the blown fuse and have
the vehicle checked by an
Authorised Service Centre.
IGNITION PROBLEM
Faulty spark plug
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Faulty ignition / injection control
unit.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
58
3 Maintenance
Faulty coil. Due to the presence of Contact an Authorised Service
high voltage, this check should
Centre.
only be carried out by an expert.
LACK OF COMPRESSION
Loosen spark plug.
Screw in the spark plug tightly
Cylinder head loose, piston gas
rings worn.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Valve stuck
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
HIGH CONSUMPTION AND LOW PERFORMANCE
Air filter blocked or dirty.
Clean with water and shampoo and
impregnate with petrol and specific
oil (section «Removing the air
filter»)
INSUFFICIENT BRAKING
Greasy disc. Worn pads. Faulty
Contact an Authorised Service
braking system. Presence of air in Centre.
the front and rear brake circuit.
59
INEFFICIENT SUSPENSIONS
Shock absorber fault, oil leak, end Contact an Authorised Service
buffer damaged; shock absorber
Centre.
preloading incorrectly set
IRREGULAR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
3 Maintenance
Variator rollers and/or driving belt
damaged
60
Vespa GTV
250 i.e.
Chap. 04
Technical data
61
4 Technical data
04_01
62
4 Technical data
TECHNICAL DATA
Engine
single-cylinder four stroke
Bore x stroke
72 x 60 mm
Cubic capacity
244.29 cm³
Compression ratio
10.5 - 11.5 : 1
Ignition advance (before TDC)
variable (integrated into the ignition
system)
Spark plug
CHAMPION RG 4 PHP
Max. speed
120 km/h
Valve clearance
intake: 0.10 mm
discharge: 0.15 mm
Overall length
1930 mm
Overall width
770 mm
Wheelbase
1370 mm
Overall height
1170 mm
Fuel supply
throttle valve dia. 32 mm and single
injector
Exhaust muffler
absorption-type exhaust muffler
with catalytic converter.
Electronic ignition
inductive, high efficiency
integrated with the injection
system, with variable timing and
separate HV coil.
Lubrication
Engine lubrication with lobe pump
(inside crankcase) controlled by a
63
4 Technical data
chain with double filter: mesh and
paper.
Cooling
Forced fluid circulation, with
engine driven pump; 3-way
thermostat to pump intake.
Transmission
Automatic expandable pulley
variator with torque server, V belt,
automatic centrifugal dry clutch,
gear reduction unit and
transmission compartment with
forced air circulation cooling.
Front brake
Ø 220 disc brake with hydraulic
control activated by handlebar right
lever.
Rear brake
disc brake, diameter 220 mm, with
hydraulic servo operated from the
handlebar with the left-hand lever.
Front wheel
Alloy rims: 12" x 3.00"
Rear wheel
Alloy rims: 12" x 3.00"
Front tyre
Without inner tube 120/70-12" 51P
Rear tyre
Without inner tube: 130/70-12" 62P
Front suspension
Single arm suspension (cantilever
wheel) fitted with a dual-chamber
hydraulic shock absorber with
coaxial spring.
Rear suspension
single arm with two double-acting
hydraulic shock absorbers and
preloading adjustment in 4
positions.
Chassis
Stamped plate supporting body.
64
146 ± 5 kg
Maximum admitted weight
~ 340 kg
Petrol tank
~ 9.2 l (approximate value)
Reserve
2÷2.5 l (approximate value)
Engine oil
Capacity: 1.3 l (dry) ; 1.2 l (when
changing oil and filter)
Rear hub oil
Capacity approximately 250 cc
Cooling system
Capacity: ~ 2.100 ÷ 2.150 l
4 Technical data
Kerb weight
Kit equipment (04_02)
One box-spanner for spark plugs; one twin screwdriver; one special spanner for adjusting the rear shock absorber. The tools are arranged in the front case.
04_02
65
66
4 Technical data
Vespa GTV
250 i.e.
Chap. 05
Spare parts and
accessories
67
Warnings (05_01)
WARNING
TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS AND TO GUARANTEE PROPER STABILITY, PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY, RIDE THE VEHICLE VERY CAREFULLY WHEN IT IS
FITTED WITH ACCESSORIES OR WITH UNUSUAL LOADS.
05_01
WARNING
IT IS ALSO RECOMMENDED THAT "ORIGINAL PIAGGIO SPARE PARTS" BE
USED, AS THESE ARE THE ONLY ONES OFFERING YOU THE SAME QUALITY
GUARANTEE AS THOSE INITIALLY FITTED ON THE SCOOTER. THE USE OF
NON-ORIGINAL SPARE PARTS RENDERS THE WARRANTY VOID.
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
PIAGGIO MARKETS ITS OWN LINE OF ACCESSORIES THAT ARE RECOGNISED AND GUARANTEED FOR USE. IT IS THEREFORE ESSENTIAL, IN ORDER
TO CHOOSE AND MOUNT THE ACCESSORIES CORRECTLY, TO CONTACT AN
AUTHORISED DEALER OR SERVICE CENTRE. THE USE OF NON-ORIGINAL
ACCESSORIES MAY AFFECT THE STABILITY AND OPERATION OF YOUR VEHICLE AND REDUCE SAFETY LEVELS WITH POTENTIAL RISKS FOR THE
RIDER.
68
NEVER RIDE THE SCOOTER EQUIPPED WITH ACCESSORIES (TOP BOX AND/
OR WINDSHIELD) AT A SPEED HIGHER THAN 100 km/h.
THE SCOOTER CAN BE RIDDEN AT A HIGHER SPEED WITHOUT THE ACCESSORIES MENTIONED BEFORE WITHIN THE LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY LAW.
IF THERE SHOULD BE NOT-PIAGGIO ACCESSORIES INSTALLED, OR AN ABNORMAL LOAD, OR IF THE SCOOTER IS NOT IN A GENERALLY GOOD CONDITION, OR WHENEVER WEATHER CONDITIONS DEMAND IT, SPEED SHOULD
BE REDUCED FURTHER.
WARNING
BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHEN INSTALLING AND REMOVING THE MECHANICAL ANTITHEFT DEVICE ON THE VEHICLE (U-SHAPED PADLOCK, DISC
BLOCK, ETC.).
MAINLY DUE TO THE PROXIMITY TO THE BRAKE PIPES, TRANSMISSIONS
AND/OR ELECTRIC CABLES, AN INCORRECT INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL
OF THE ANTITHEFT DEVICE AS WELL AS LEAVING IT ON BEFORE STARTING
THE VEHICLE CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE ITS COMPONENTS AND AFFECT THE
CORRECT FUNCTIONING OF THE VEHICLE AND HARM THE USER.
69
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
70
5 Spare parts and accessories
Vespa GTV
250 i.e.
Chap. 06
Programmed
maintenance
71
Scheduled maintenance table
Adequate maintenance is fundamental to ensuring long-lasting, optimum operation
and performance of your vehicle.
To this end, a series of checks and maintenance operations (at the owner's expense)
have been suggested, which are included in the summary table on the following page.
Any minor faults should be reported without delay to an Authorised Service Centre
or Dealer without waiting until the next scheduled service to solve it.
All scheduled maintenance services must be carried out at the specified times, even
if the stated mileage has not yet been reached. Carrying out scheduled services on
time is necessary to ensure your warranty remains valid. For any further information
concerning Warranty procedures and "Scheduled Maintenance", please refer to the
"Warranty Booklet".
EVERY 2 YEARS
Coolant - change
6 Programmed maintenance
Brake fluid - change
AFTER 1,000 KM
Safety locks - check
Throttle lever - adjustment
Engine oil - change
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
72
6 Programmed maintenance
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - change
Steering - Check
AFTER 5,000 KM; 25,000 KM; 35,000 KM; 55,000 KM;
65,000 KM
Engine oil - level check/ top-up
Brake pads - check condition and wear
AT 10,000 KM 50,000 KM 70,000 KM
Safety locks - check
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Air filter belt compartment - check
Engine oil - change
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
Brake pads - check condition and wear
73
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - check
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
AT 15,000 KM 45,000 KM 75,000 KM
Engine oil - level check/ top-up
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Driving belt - replacement
AT 20,000 KM; 40,000 KM; 80,000 KM
6 Programmed maintenance
Spark plug - replacement
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Air filter belt compartment - check
Engine oil - change
Valve clearance - check
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
74
6 Programmed maintenance
Engine oil - replacement
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - change
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
30,000 KM
Safety locks - check
Driving belt - replacement
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Air filter belt compartment - check
Engine oil - change
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
75
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
Hub oil - check
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
60,000 KM
Spark plug - replacement
Driving belt - replacement
Throttle lever - adjustment
Air filter - clean
Air filter belt compartment - check
Engine oil - change
Valve clearance - check
6 Programmed maintenance
Electrical system and battery - check
Coolant level - check
Brake fluid level - check
Engine oil - replacement
Brake pads - check condition and wear
Sliding block / variable speed rollers - change
Tyre pressure and wear - check
Vehicle and brake test - road test
76
Suspensions - check
Steering - Check
RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS TABLE
Description
Product
Specifications
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the
requirements of API GL3 specifications
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle
control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased
adhesiveness
AGIP GP 330
Grease for brake levers, throttle
White calcium complex soap-based spray
grease with NLGI 2; ISO-L-XBCIB2
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA
Synthetic oil
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
SPECIAL AGIP PERMANENT fluid
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid,
CUNA NC 956-16
77
6 Programmed maintenance
Hub oil - change
78
6 Programmed maintenance
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A
F
L
Air filter: 40
Fuel: 15
Fuses: 47
Light switch: 11
B
Battery: 44, 45
Brake: 43, 54
M
H
Maintenance: 33, 71, 72
Headlight: 51
Horn: 11
Hub oil: 36
Mirrors: 53
C
S
Clock: 9
Saddle: 16, 17
Scheduled maintenance: 72
Shock absorbers: 25
Spark plug: 39
Stand: 28
Start-up: 11
I
Disc brake: 54
Identification: 18
Immobilizer: 12, 14
Instrument panel: 8
E
K
Engine oil: 34, 35
Engine stop: 12
Key switch: 9
Keys: 12
D
T
Tank: 15
Technical Data: 61
Top box: 19
Transmission: 29
79
Turn indicators: 53
Tyre pressure: 24
Tyres: 38
The descriptions and illustrations given in this publication are not binding. While the basic features as described and illustrated in this manual remain
unchanged, PIAGGIO - GILERA reserves the right, at any time and without being required to update this publication beforehand, to make any changes
to components, parts or accessory supplies, which it considers necessary to improve the product or which are required for manufacturing or construction
reasons.
Not all versions shown in this publication are available in all Countries. The availability of individual versions should be confirmed with the official Piaggio sales network.
"© Copyright 2007 - PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. Pontedera. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this publication in whole or in part is prohibited."
PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. - After-Sales
V.le Rinaldo Piaggio, 23 - 56025 PONTEDERA (Pi)