VL-Z400S-Cover1; 04/4/15/18:00
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY CAMCORDER
VL-Z400S
-T
OPERATION MANUAL
SHARP CORPORATION
Printed on 100% post-consumer recycled paper.
Printed in Malaysia
TINSLA123WJN1
04P03-M-G
PixLab Install Key
H2732778 — 6848310
VL-Z400S-CE1; 04/3/12/18:00
M
S
Manual focus ...................................... 54
Manual setting .................................... 55
Media Selection switch ....................... 22
MENU button ...................................... 33
Menu screen ....................................... 33
Mini DV cassette ....................... 10, 93, 94
Mode screen ....................................... 32
MultiMediaCard ................................... 95
Scene menu ........................................ 62
SD Memory Card ................................ 95
Self recording ................................ 43, 44
Self timer ....................................... 72, 73
Shutter speed ............................... 60, 61
Slide show playback ........................... 89
SP mode ............................................. 45
STANDBY button ................................. 25
Still recording ...................................... 39
Stretch playback ................................. 53
O
Operation button ................................. 32
P
Part names ......................................... 1-3
Phones volume ................................... 28
PHOTO button ........................ 39, 52, 70
Photo copy .......................................... 52
Picture effect ....................................... 63
Picture effect playback ....................... 50
Picture quality ..................................... 71
PixLab Media Browser ................... 83-87
POWER CHARGE (RED) indicator .... 8, 9, 23
Power save mode ............................... 42
Power standby mode .......................... 25
Power switch ....................................... 22
Power Zoom control ............................ 24
PRINT Image Matching K .................... 82
Print indicator ................................ 80, 81
Protect ................................................. 77
Q
Quick Return ....................................... 38
R
Tape playback .................................... 29
Tape speed ......................................... 45
Terminal cover ....................................... 2
Thumbnail screen ............................... 76
Time Code .......................................... 64
U
USB terminal ....................................... 85
V
VF bright ............................................. 90
Video search ....................................... 30
Viewfinder ..................................... 18, 19
Volume control .................................... 30
W
Warning indicator .............................. 4, 5
White balance ............................... 56, 57
Wide mode .......................................... 41
Windbreak ........................................... 47
Window cleaning cover ...................... 97
Write-protect switch ............................ 11
Z
Zoom ................................................... 24
Appendix
Record Start/Stop button .................... 23
Recording Standby mode ............. 23, 24
Recording time .................................... 23
Remote control .................................... 48
Rotate playback .................................. 51
T
109
Before using the camcorder, please read this operation manual
carefully, especially page vi.
OPERATION MANUAL
WARNING
To prevent fire or shock hazard,
do not expose this apparatus to
dripping or splashing. No
objects filled with liquids, such
as vases, should be placed on
the apparatus.
This equipment should be used
with the recommended AC
adapter or battery pack.
ENGLISH
CAUTION
To prevent shock, do not open the
cabinet. No user serviceable parts
inside. Refer servicing to qualified
dealer or service centre.
CAUTION
To prevent electric shocks and
fire hazards, do NOT use any
other power source.
Important:
Audio-visual material may consist
of copyrighted works which must
not be recorded without the
authority of the owner of the
copyright. Please refer to relevant
laws in your country.
Power supply:
This unit can be operated by
connecting it to either the AC
adapter or battery pack. The AC
adapter incorporates the AUTO
VOLTAGE (AC 110–240 V,
50/60 Hz) function.
NOTE
The LCD panel of this camcorder is a very high technology product with
more than 215,000 thin-film transistors*, giving you fine picture detail.
Occasionally, a pixel may appear on the screen as a fixed point of blue,
green, red, or black. Please note that this does not affect the
performance of your camcorder.
*Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Trademarks
• DPOF is a trademark of CANON INC., Eastman Kodak Company, Fuji Photo Film
Co., Ltd. and Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
• SD Logo is a trademark.
• All other brand or product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their
respective holders.
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i
Contents
Supplied Accessories ......................................................................................... v
Optional Accessories .......................................................................................... v
Precautions ........................................................................................................ vi
Operation References
Part Names ............................................................. 1
Warning Indicators .................................................. 4
Preparation
Attaching and Removing the Battery Pack ............. 6
Charging the Battery Pack ...................................... 8
Powering the Camcorder from an AC Outlet .......... 9
Inserting and Removing a Cassette ..................... 10
Inserting and Removing a Card ............................ 11
Installing the Lithium Batteries .............................. 12
Selecting the Language
for the On-screen Display .................................. 14
Setting the Date and Time .................................... 15
Using the Lens Cap .............................................. 16
Adjusting the Hand Strap ..................................... 17
Using the Grip ....................................................... 17
Detaching the Lens Hood ..................................... 18
Using the Viewfinder ............................................. 18
Using the LCD Monitor ......................................... 20
Tips on Recording Positions ................................. 21
Basic Operations
Camera Recording
Selecting the Camcorder Mode ............................ 22
Easy Camera Recording on Tape in
Full Auto Mode ................................................... 23
Zooming ................................................................ 24
Power Standby Mode ........................................... 25
Turning on/off the Backlight .................................. 25
Auto Focus ............................................................ 26
Macro Shots .......................................................... 26
Remaining Recording Time Display ..................... 26
Remaining Battery Power Display ........................ 27
Information Display for Battery Usage .................. 27
Using Earphones (Commercially Available) ......... 28
Adjusting the Phones Volume ............................... 28
Playback
Tape Playback ...................................................... 29
Volume Control ...................................................... 30
Still ........................................................................ 30
Video Search ......................................................... 30
Watching Playback on a TV .................................. 31
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Control Buttons ..................................................... 32
Using the Mode Screens ...................................... 32
Using the Menu Screens ....................................... 33
Useful Features
Camera Recording
Setting the Digital Zoom ....................................... 34
Backlight Compensation (BLC) ............................ 35
Gain-up ................................................................. 36
Fade In and Fade Out ........................................... 37
Quick Return ......................................................... 38
Edit Search ............................................................ 39
Still Recording on Tape ......................................... 39
Digital Image Stabilization (DIS) ........................... 40
Wide Mode ............................................................ 41
Power Save Mode ................................................. 42
Self Recording ...................................................... 43
Recording in LP (Long Play Recording) Mode ..... 45
Selecting the 16-bit Audio Recording Mode ......... 46
Windbreak ............................................................. 47
Playback
Using the Remote Control (Not Supplied) ............ 48
Selecting the Date and Time of Recording
Display ................................................................ 49
Picture Effect Playback ......................................... 50
Rotate Playback .................................................... 51
Copying an Image from Tape to Card .................. 52
Stretch Playback ................................................... 53
Camera Recording
Manual Focus ....................................................... 54
Returning to Auto Focus ....................................... 55
Displaying the Manual Setting Screen .................. 55
Adjusting White Balance ....................................... 56
Manual Iris ............................................................ 58
Manual Gain .......................................................... 59
Setting the Shutter Speed ..................................... 60
Tips on Manual Settings ....................................... 61
Setting the Camcorder to Full Auto Mode ............. 61
Scene Menu (Program AE) ................................... 62
Digital Picture Effects ............................................ 63
Advanced Features
iii
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Contents
Advanced Features
Playback
Using the Time Code ............................................ 64
Editing ................................................................... 65
Editing with the DV Terminal (IEEE1394) .............. 66
Selecting the Audio Playback Mode ..................... 67
Audio Dubbing Feature ......................................... 68
Digital Still Camera
Features
Camera Recording
Card Recording .................................................... 70
Selecting the Picture Quality ................................. 71
Recording with the Self-timer ................................ 72
Formatting a Card ................................................. 74
Setting the File Numbering Method ...................... 75
Playback
Card Playback ...................................................... 76
Delete Protection ................................................... 77
Deleting Stored Images ........................................ 78
Print Order ............................................................. 80
Direct Print ............................................................ 82
Transferring Data on Card to Computer ............... 83
Installing the USB Driver ................................... 84
Slide Show Playback ............................................ 89
Picture/Backlight Adjustments .............................. 90
Turning off the Confirmation Sound ...................... 91
Setting the Camcorder to Factory Presettings ...... 91
Demonstration Mode ............................................ 92
Useful Information ................................................. 93
Troubleshooting .................................................... 99
Specifications ..................................................... 103
On-screen Display Index .................................... 104
Index ................................................................... 108
Appendix
Note:
• Before requesting service, please read “Troubleshooting” carefully. (See pages 99–
102.)
iv
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Supplied Accessories
Battery pack
BT-L227
AC adapter
Power cord
Audio/video/S-video
cable
CR1216 type
lithium battery
for camcorder
Lens cap
8 MB SD Memory Card
CD-ROM
USB cable
Optional Accessories
Standard-life
battery pack
BT-L227
External battery with
hand strap
BT-LCA1
v
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Precautions
• Before recording an important scene,
please perform the recording test, then
playback to check if the scene was recorded properly. If noise occurs, use a
commercially available cleaning tape to
clean the video heads (see page viii).
• When the camcorder is not in use, remember to remove the cassette tape,
turn off the power, and disconnect the
camcorder from the power source.
• Do not aim the lens at the sun.
Do not allow direct sunlight to strike the
camcorder lens, whether or not recording
is in progress, as it may damage the CCD
sensor. Be particularly careful when recording outside.
• Avoid magnetic sources.
Using the camcorder near
strong fluorescent lights,
motors, televisions, or
other magnetic sources
may adversely affect recorded images.
• Using the camcorder near a broadcasting station or other powerful transmission source may cause buzzing or
picture deterioration.
• Always respect prohibitions or restrictions on the use of electronic equipment
on commercial flights or in other sensitive areas.
• Be aware of the temperature and humidity.
You can use your camcorder at 0°C to
L40°C, and at 30% to 80% relative humidity. Do not store the unit in an
unventilated car in the summer, in direct
sunlight, or near
strong heat
sources; this can
result in severe
damage to the unit
casing and circuitry.
• Avoid situations where water, sand, dust
or other foreign matter could get on or
inside the camcorder, and do not use or
leave your camcorder in areas with excessive smoke, steam or moisture.
Such environments can cause malfunctions or cause mildew to form on the
lenses. Be sure to
keep the unit in a
well-ventilated location.
• Avoid shocks and dropping.
Do not drop or otherwise subject the camcorder to hard
shocks or strong vibrations.
Bumping or striking the unit
during recording will generate noise in the recorded image.
• Some small, portable tripods may be difficult to
attach and may not be
sturdy enough to support your camcorder. Be
sure to use only a
strong, stable tripod.
• Avoid placing the
camcorder in close
proximity to lighting
equipment.
The heat from incandescent lights
may deform the
camcorder, or
cause it to malfunction.
• When using your camcorder in a cold
environment, the LCD monitor screen often appears less bright immediately after the power is turned on. This is not a
malfunction. To prevent the camcorder
from becoming too cold, wrap it in a
thick cloth (a blanket, etc.).
vi
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Dew Formation
For example, when bringing the
camcorder indoors after skiing, place it in
a plastic bag.
• What is “dew formation”?
When cold water is poured into a glass,
dew drops form on the glass. This clinging
of water drops is called dew formation.
• When dew forms in your camcorder.
Dew will gradually form on the head drum
of your camcorder and make the video
tape stick to the head. This causes
damage both to the head and the tape.
When dew forms, recording and playback
may not function properly.
Dew is likely to form in the following
circumstances:
— When moving the camcorder from a
cold place to a warm place.
— When placing the camcorder in a cold
room which is then heated rapidly.
— When moving the camcorder outdoors
from an air conditioned room or car.
— When placing the camcorder in the
direct path of air
blowing from an air
conditioner.
— When placing the
camcorder in a
humid room.
Plastic bag
1 Be sure to tightly seal the plastic bag
containing the camcorder.
2 Remove the bag when the air temperature inside it reaches the temperature of the room.
• “Dew” warning feature
If dew forms, the word “DEW” flashes on
the screen, and the power will automatically turn off in approximately 10 seconds.
• How to prevent trouble.
When using the camcorder in a place
where dew is likely to form, allow the
camcorder and the video tape to
acclimatise to the surroundings for about
one hour.
1 If “DEW” flashes, remove the cassette,
leave the cassette compartment open,
and wait for a few hours to allow the
camcorder to acclimatise to the
surrounding temperature.
2 To use the camcorder again, turn on the
power after waiting for a few hours. Be
sure that “DEW” has disappeared.
3 Do not insert a cassette while “DEW” is
flashing; this may result in damage to
the tape.
4 Since dew forms gradually, it may take
10 to 15 minutes before the dew
warning feature engages.
vii
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Precautions
Dirty Video Heads
When the video heads have become
clogged with dirt (dust and tape coating
particles),
Striped noise
Mosaic noise
• mosaic-like noise appears on the
playback picture. (See illustrations above.)
• playback pictures do not move.
• during playback, the whole screen
becomes blue.
Causes of video head clogging
• High-temperature and high-humidity
environment
• A lot of dust in the air
• Damaged tape
• Worn tape
• Long-time use
• Dew formation
Using a Cleaning Tape (Commercially Available)
Available mode:
Tape Playback
You can clean the video head with a
commercially available cleaning tape.
Notes:
• Excessive use of the cleaning tape may
cause damage to the video heads. Please
read the instructions accompanying the
cleaning tape carefully before using it.
• The fast forward and rewind functions cannot
be used when the cleaning tape is in the
camcorder.
• If the video heads again become clogged
with dirt soon after cleaning, this might be
caused by a damaged tape. In this case,
stop using that cassette immediately.
1
Insert a cleaning tape into the
camcorder.
2
Set the camcorder to Tape Playback
mode.
• The video head cleaning screen
appears.
3
Press m on the Operation button to
begin video head cleaning.
• “NOW CLEANING” flashes during
cleaning.
CL EA N I NG
NOW C LE AN I NG
START
If the video heads become clogged, the
v indicator appears on the screen. Contact
the nearest SHARP service centre or your
dealer for further advice.
STOP
• After about 20 seconds, video head
cleaning automatically finishes, and
“EJECT THE CASSETTE.” displays.
4
Remove the cleaning tape.
To cancel cleaning, press l.
viii
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Operation References
Part Names
Operation References
For details on the use of each part, refer to the page number indicated in
parentheses.
Front view
Operation button (p. 32)
Zoom lens
Stereo microphone
DISPLAY/MODE SET button (p. 32)/
LCD LAMP button (p. 25)
MENU button (p. 33)
1
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Operation References
Operation References
Left view
USB terminal (p. 85)
Earphones jack
(p. 28)
LCD monitor
(p. 20)
DC IN jack (pp. 8, 9)
Terminal cover
(pp. 28, 31, 65, 66, 85)
AV terminal
(pp. 31, 65)
DV terminal (p. 66)
Lithium battery cover (p. 12)
Dioptre adjustment dial (p. 19)
Tripod socket*
Battery release (pp. 7, 12)
* When attaching a tripod
with a guide pin, do not
attach the pin to the bottom
of the camcorder.
Card slot cover (p. 11)
2
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Right view
Operation References
Power Zoom Wide angle/
PHOTO button Telephoto control (p. 24)/
(pp. 39, 52, 70) VOLume control (p. 30)
Window cleaning cover
(p. 97)
Viewfinder (pp. 18, 19)
Media Selection
switch (V Tape
mode/u Card
mode selection
switch) (p. 22)
STANDBY indicator
(p. 25)
STANDBY button
(p. 25)
POWER/CHARGE
(RED) indicator
(pp. 8, 9, 23)
Speaker
Record Start/Stop button (p. 23)
Power switch (v Camera
Hand strap (p. 17)
Recording mode/w Playback
mode select switch) (p. 22)
Cassette holder (p. 10)
Cassette compartment
door release (p. 10)
Cassette compartment door (p. 10)
3
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Operation References
Operation References
Warning Indicators
If a warning indicator appears on the screen, follow the specified instructions.
Displayed for the
first 3 seconds
Displayed after
3 seconds
Description of warning
There is no video cassette in the camcorder.
Insert a cassette (see page 10).
I NSER T
A CASS E T TE.
E J E C T THE
CAS SE T T E .
E J E C T THE
CAS SE T T E .
The video cassette is defective and should be
removed (see page 10).
CASSE T T E NOT
RE CORDA BL E.
P RO T E C T . T A B
The erasure protect tab on the video cassette
has been slid to the record-protect position,
preventing recording (see page 94).
THE TAPE
ENDS SOON.
T APE END
The tape is about to end. Prepare a new
cassette (see page 10).
CHANGE THE
CAS SE T T E .
T A PE E ND
The tape has reached the end. Replace it with a
new cassette (see page 10).
The battery is almost depleted. Replace it with
a fully charged battery pack (see pages 6 and
7).
BAT T ERY I S
TOO LOW.
DEW
Dew has formed inside the camcorder. Wait a
few hours for the dew to dry away (see page
vii).
About 10 seconds after this warning appears,
the camcorder automatically turns off.
DEW
The video heads are clogged and should be
cleaned (see page viii).
L AMP
USB
The fluorescent lamp behind the LCD monitor is
close to the end of its service life. Call your local
authorized Sharp dealer to have it replaced.
L AMP
The battery is almost depleted when the
camcorder transfers data through the USB
cable. Use the AC adapter or fully charged
battery pack as the power source (see pages
6–9, 87).
USB
4
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Displayed for
5 seconds
Description of warning
The card is not inserted or is inserted improperly. Check that it is
properly inserted (see page 11).
MEMORY CARD
FUL L
The capacity of the card is full and cannot store any more images.
Delete unnecessary images (see page 78) or replace the card with
a new one (see page 11).
NO DA T A ON
MEMORY C ARD
The card has no images recorded in the format the camcorder can
recognize.
MEMORY C ARD
ERROR
The images in the card are corrupted or recorded in a format
which is not compatible with this camcorder. Format the card to
use it with this camcorder (see page 74)*.
F ORMA T
MEMORY C ARD
The card has not been formatted with this camcorder. Format the
card (see page 74)*.
MEMORY C ARD
PROT E C T ED
The card is write-protected (see page 11).
DA T A
PROT E C T ED
You are trying to delete a protected image. Cancel the protection
setting (see page 77).
MEMORY CARD
RE AD ERROR
The selected image cannot be read by this camcorder. Format the
card to use it with this camcorder (see page 74)*.
CANNOT
S TORE DA T A
The card cannot record any data due to a problem with the card or
data on the card. Replace the card (see page 11) or format the
card (see page 74)*.
PL E AS E USE
PHOTO BUT TON
The camcorder cannot record with the Record Start/Stop button in
Card Recording mode. Press the PHOTO button (see page 70).
MAX I MUM
9 9 9 IMAGE S
The print order cannot be set to more than 999 images.
MAX I MUM
F I L E NUMBER
You cannot record any image with a file number bigger than 999–
9999. Set FILE NO. menu item to “RESET” (see page 75), then
format the card (see page 74)* or replace the card with a new one
(see page 11).
Operation References
NO
MEMORY CARD
* Formatting a card erases all stored images, including delete-protected images. Be sure to
backup important data on your computer or other media before formatting the card.
Note:
• N indicates a flashing display.
VL-Z400S-GB-001-005
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Preparation
Preparation
Attaching and
Removing the Battery
Pack
3
Slide the battery pack in the direction
of the arrow with the “m” mark facing
out.
Preparation
Attaching
Power switch
1
2
Make sure that the Power
switch is set to OFF.
“m” mark
4
Push the battery pack in the direction
of the arrow until it clicks.
Open the LCD monitor to a 90° angle
to the camcorder body.
90°
6
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Removing
1
Make sure that the Power switch is
set to OFF, then open the LCD
monitor to a 90° angle to the
camcorder body.
2
Slide the battery release in the
direction of the arrow.
Preparation
90°
Notes:
• BEFORE REMOVING THE BATTERY PACK,
ALWAYS STOP RECORDING OR PLAYBACK AND TURN THE POWER OFF.
Removing the battery pack while shooting or
during playback may damage the tape by
causing it to wrap around the video head
drum or destroy the card, rendering it
unreadable and unwritable.
• Remove the battery pack from the camcorder
if you will not use the camcorder for a long
period of time.
• Make sure that the battery pack is firmly
attached during operation. If it is not, the
battery pack may come off or camcorder
operation may fail because of the poor
contact pressure.
• To prevent damage to the battery pack when
removing, be sure to firmly hold the battery
pack while pressing the release.
• Use only SHARP model BT-L227 battery
packs with this camcorder. Use of other
batteries may create a risk of fire or
explosion.
• Before closing the LCD monitor, make sure
the battery pack is properly attached to the
camcorder, otherwise the monitor may be
damaged.
Battery release
3
Take the battery pack out.
7
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Preparation
Charging the Battery
Pack
Attach the battery pack to the
camcorder, and make sure that the
Power switch is set to OFF.
2
Connect the supplied power cord to
the AC power socket on the AC
adapter, and insert the AC plug into a
power outlet.
Preparation
1
Max.
Max.
continuous
Battery Charging recording time continuous
playback
time
time
pack
LCD
LCD
on LCD
closed open
BT-L227
120
145
125
To power
outlet
Insert the DC plug into the DC IN
jack of the camcorder.
• The POWER/CHARGE (RED)
indicator lights up red.
POWER/CHARGE (RED)
indicator
DC IN jack
Notes:
• Charge the battery pack between 10°C and
30°C. The battery pack may not charge
properly at temperatures too low or too
high.
• The battery pack and AC adapter become
warm during charging. This is not a
malfunction.
• Using the zoom (see page 24) and other
functions or turning the power on and off
frequently will increase power consumption. This may result in a decrease in the
actual recording time compared to the
maximum continuous recording time listed
above.
• The charging time and recording time may
vary depending on the ambient temperature and the condition of the battery pack.
• See pages 96 and 97 for more information on
using the battery pack.
• Charge only SHARP model BT-L227 battery
packs. Other types of battery packs may
burst, causing personal injury and damage.
• When attaching the supplied audio/video/Svideo cable or USB cable, remove the DC
plug, open the terminal cover and connect it.
DC plug
• The POWER/CHARGE (RED)
indicator turns off when the battery is
charged.
4
Remove the DC plug from the DC IN
jack, then remove the AC adapter
from the power outlet.
8
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125
• The chart specifies the approximate times in
minutes.
AC power socket
3
Charging time and maximum
continuous recording and playback
times in Tape modes
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Powering the
Camcorder from an
AC Outlet
You can also power the camcorder from a
power outlet by using the supplied AC
adapter.
1
Make sure that the Power switch is
set to OFF.
2
Connect the supplied power cord to
the AC power socket on the AC
adapter, and insert the AC plug into a
power outlet.
Hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to v or w.
• The POWER/CHARGE (RED)
indicator lights up green.
Notes:
• BEFORE REMOVING THE DC PLUG,
ALWAYS STOP RECORDING OR PLAYBACK AND TURN THE POWER OFF.
Removing the DC plug while shooting or
during playback may damage the tape by
causing it to wrap around the video head
drum or destroy the card, rendering it
unreadable and unwritable.
• Disconnect the AC adapter from the
camcorder if you will not use the camcorder
for a long period of time.
Preparation
Note:
• The supplied AC adapter is specially
designed for use with this camcorder, and
should not be used as a power supply for
other camcorders.
4
AC power socket
To power
outlet
3
Insert the DC plug into the DC IN
jack of the camcorder.
POWER/CHARGE (RED) indicator
DC IN jack
DC plug
9
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Preparation
Inserting and
Removing a Cassette
Inserting
Preparation
1
4
Wait for the cassette holder to fully
retract. Close the compartment door
by pressing its centre until it clicks
into place.
Attach the power source to the
camcorder, then slide and hold the
cassette compartment door release
as you open the cassette compartment door.
• After confirmation sound, the
cassette holder extends and opens
automatically.
Cassette compartment door release
Removing
Perform step 1 above, then take out the
cassette.
2
Insert a commercially available Mini
DV cassette fully with the window
facing outwards, and with the erasure
protect tab facing upwards.
Erasure protect tab
SAVE
REC
3
Press the “PUSH” mark gently until
the cassette holder clicks into place.
• The cassette holder retracts
automatically.
10
Notes:
• Do not try to close the cassette compartment
door while the cassette holder is extending or
retracting.
• Be careful not to get your fingers caught in
the cassette holder.
• Do not apply force to the cassette holder
except when pressing the “PUSH” mark to
close it.
• Do not tilt the camcorder or hold it upside
down when you are inserting or removing a
cassette. It may damage the tape.
• Remove the cassette if you will not use the
camcorder for a long period of time.
• If you do not correctly close the cassette
holder in step 3, the cassette protection
mechanism of the camcorder might eject the
cassette. If this happens, repeat the insertion
procedure.
• Do not attempt to pick up the camcorder by
the cassette compartment door.
• If the battery power is too low, you may not
be able to eject the cassette. Replace the
battery pack with a fully charged one.
• You can only use Mini DV cassettes. Large
DV cassettes cannot be used. Be sure to use
Mini DV cassettes with the i mark.
• See pages 93 and 94 for more information on
the video cassette tapes intended for use
with this camcorder.
“PUSH” mark
VL-Z400S-GB-006-021
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Inserting and
Removing a Card
You can use an SD Memory Card (supplied)
or a MultiMediaCard (commercially
available) for storing still images.
Removing
Perform steps 1 and 2 above, push the card
and release slowly (1). Then pull the card
straight out (2) as shown below.
Inserting
Make sure that the Power switch is
set to OFF.
2
Open the card slot cover.
Preparation
1
Card slot cover
3
Insert a card into the slot as shown
below, and push it in fully.
Notes:
• You can use only the SD Memory Card or the
MultiMediaCard (see page 95).
• The supplied card is preformatted for
immediate use.
• See page 95 for more information on the
cards intended for use with this camcorder.
• Do not remove the card from the
camcorder while recording data on the
card (S indicator flashes during recording). This may delete the recorded image
or damage the card.
• You cannot insert or remove the card when
using a tripod.
About the write-protect
switch
Write-protect
switch
Label
Clipped corner
4
Close the card slot cover securely.
SD Memory Card has a write-protect switch.
When the switch is set to the locked
position, you cannot record/delete data or
format the card. Set it to the unlocked
position to record/delete data or format the
card.
Back view
Unlocked position
Locked position
11
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Preparation
Installing the Lithium
Batteries
5
Insert the smaller lithium battery into
the compartment with the H side of
the battery facing out.
Installing the Memory Battery
CR1216 type
lithium battery
Preparation
The supplied CR1216 type lithium battery is
used to store the memory of the date and
time settings.
1
Make sure that the Power switch is
set to OFF.
2
Open the LCD monitor to a 90° angle
to the camcorder body.
3
Slide the battery release in the
direction of the arrow, then take the
battery pack out.
6
Close the lithium battery cover firmly
until it clicks into place.
Removing the Memory
Battery
Perform steps 1 to 4 above,
then lift out the battery by
using a pointed object such
as the tip of a ballpoint pen.
Battery release
4
Pull out the lithium battery cover in
the direction of the arrow.
Lithium
battery cover
12
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Installing the Battery to
Remote Control
(Not supplied)
1
2
Insert a pointed object such as the
tip of a ballpoint pen to open the
battery holder.
Place the larger lithium battery on
the battery holder with the H side
facing down.
CAUTION: Danger of explosion if
battery is incorrectly replaced. For
camcorder, replace only with same or
equivalent type CR1216, for remote
control unit, replace only with same or
equivalent type CR2032, both recommended by the equipment manufacturer.
X KEEP THIS BATTERY
AWAY FROM CHILDREN. IF SWALLOWED, CONSULT A PHYSICIAN
IMMEDIATELY FOR EMERGENCY
TREATMENT.
Z BATTERY MAY EXPLODE
IF MISUSED OR INSTALLED WITH
POLARITY REVERSED. DO NOT
RECHARGE, DISASSEMBLE OR
DISPOSE OF IN FIRE.
Preparation
The remote control (RRMCGA237WJSA)
is not supplied with this camcorder.
Contact the nearest SHARP service
centre or your dealer for purchasing as
specified part.
The CR2032 type lithium battery is used
to power the remote control unit.
Notes on the Use of the Lithium
Battery
• Do not short-circuit, recharge, disassemble,
or heat the lithium battery.
• Should the lithium battery leak, wipe the
battery compartment clean, and then insert a
new battery.
• The lithium batteries will last about one year
under normal usage.
CR2032 type lithium battery
3
Close the battery holder until it
clicks.
13
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Preparation
Selecting the Language
for the On-screen Display
1
2
Available modes:
All modes
This camcorder allows you to choose
English, German or French as the on-screen
display language.
3
Preparation
Operation button
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
Press l or m to select Z, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Press l or m to select “LANGUAGE”
(“SPRACHE” or “LANGUE”), then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
• The language selection screen
appears.
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
E X E C UT E
ON
ON
LANGUAGE
D EMO MO D E
R E T U RN
MENU button
E XECUT E
OFF
Power switch
L A N GU A G E
E N G L I SH
DEU T S CH
F RAN Ç A I S
Setting
When using the camcorder for the first
time, select your on-screen display
language by following the steps below.
1
Hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to v.
2
Press l or m on the Operation button
to select the desired language, then
press the centre of the Operation button.
4
Press l or m to select the desired
language, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
• The menu screen displays in the
language selected.
• The language selection screen appears.
S PR A C H E
E N G L I SH
DE U T S C H
F RAN Ç A I S
L AN GU A G E
E NG L I SH
DEU T S CH
F RAN Ç A I S
S ON S T I G E S 1
V OR G A B E N
F E R N B DG .
P I E P T ON
PAUSE
5
AU TO
Changing
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
14
VL-Z400S-GB-006-021
14
A US F Ü HR E N
E IN
E IN
SPRACHE
AUSF Ü HREN
D EMO - B E T R .
Z UR Ü C K
A US
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Note:
• The English, German and French
portions of this operation manual are
based on the use of on-screen displays
in their respective languages. The
portions of this manual in other
language, however, are based on the use
of English on-screen displays.
04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Setting the Date and
Time
4
Press m or l to select “2” (day),
then press the centre of the Operation button.
SE T T I NG
Available modes:
All modes
Example: Setting the date to 2 June 2005
(2. 6. 2005) and the time to 10:30 am
(10:30).
5
Press m or l to select “6” (month),
then press the centre of the Operation button.
SE T T I NG
6
Press m or l to select “2005” (year),
then press the centre of the Operation button.
SE T T I NG
Power switch
MENU button
Note:
• Before performing the steps below, make
sure that the CR1216 type lithium battery has
been installed (see page 12).
7
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to v or
w.
2
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
O T H E RS 2
P OWE R S A V E
T I ME C O D E
T C OUT
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
SE T T I NG
R E T URN
3
OF F
OF F
OF F
24H
D A T E + T I ME
1. 1 . 2 0 0 4
0 : 00
Press the centre of the Operation
button.
2. 6 . 2 0 0 5
10 : 0 0
Press m or l to select “30” (minute),
then press the centre of the Operation button.
SE T T I NG
Lock button
2. 6 . 2 0 0 5
0 : 00
Press m or l to select “10” (hour),
then press the centre of the Operation button.
SE T T I NG
8
2. 6 . 2 0 0 4
0 : 00
RETURN
2.
6. 2 0 0 5
1 0 : 30 : 0 0
• The internal clock now starts
operating with the seconds display.
9
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Note:
• If the date and time have been set, the
SETTING 1 screen (T) appears in step 2.
Select “SETTING” in the OTHERS 2 screen
(~) using the Operation button.
(Continued on the next page)
VL-Z400S-GB-006-021
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
15
Preparation
Operation button
2. 1 . 2 0 0 4
0 : 00
Preparation
Changing to the 12-hour
Time Mode
1
After performing step 8 on the
previous page, press l or m to
select “12H/24H”, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Using the Lens Cap
Attach the strap of the lens cap to the hand
strap as shown below.
Preparation
O T H E RS 2
POW E R S A V E
T I ME C OD E
T C OUT
2 4H
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P . 1 2 H
S E T T I NG
R E T UR N
2
Press l or m to select “12H”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
1 2 H 2 4H
3
When attaching or removing the lens cap,
grasp the indents on both sides of the cap.
1 2H
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Notes:
• The date and time, once set, are internally
recorded even when not displayed on the
screen.
• The menu screen automatically turns off if no
settings are made within 5 minutes.
Indents
When recording, remove the lens cap and
attach the lens cap cord to the fastener so
that the cap will not get in the way.
Fastener
Note:
• Always attach the lens cap over the lens
when not using the camcorder.
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Adjusting the Hand
Strap
1
Open the hand strap flap (1) and grip
strap (2).
Rotate the grip 135° forward or 105°
downward so that you can record images
easily from high or low angle (see page 21).
Preparation
Grip strap
Using the Grip
135°
Hand strap flap
2
Loosen the grip strap, pass your right
hand through the hand strap, and put
your thumb close to the Record Start/
Stop button and your index finger on
the Power Zoom control. Then, pull
the grip strap tight until it fits snugly.
105°
Note:
• The grip cannot rotate when a tripod is
attached.
3
Seal the Velcro® fasteners of the grip
strap and the hand strap flap.
17
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Preparation
Detaching the Lens
Hood
You can record the subject using the
electronic viewfinder. You can also watch
playback through the viewfinder.
Viewfinder
Preparation
Before using a commercially available
conversion lens, detach the lens hood as
shown below.
Using the Viewfinder
Power switch
1
Pull out the viewfinder completely.
2
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to v or
w.
Note:
• You cannot attach the supplied lens hood or
lens cap to a conversion lens.
Lock button
18
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Closing the viewfinder
Adjusting the dioptre
Push in the viewfinder completely.
Adjust the dioptre according to your
eyesight when the picture in the viewfinder
or the characters on the on-screen display
is not clear.
Pull out the viewfinder completely.
3
While looking through the viewfinder,
turn the dioptre adjustment dial until
the indicators in the viewfinder are
clearly visible.
Hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to v.
Dioptre adjustment dial
Note:
• For cleaning the viewfinder, see page 97.
19
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Preparation
Notes:
• Do not use excessive force when moving
the viewfinder.
• Do not pick up the camcorder by the
viewfinder.
• The viewfinder automatically turns off when
the LCD monitor is opened. If the vertical
rotation of the monitor is 180° when in Tape
Camera or Card Camera mode, however, the
viewfinder is on and the subject is displayed
both in the viewfinder and on the monitor
(see page 43).
• You can adjust the settings on the MENU
screen through the viewfinder by using the
Operation button (see page 32 for use of the
Operation button).
• Be sure to close the viewfinder after use.
1
2
Preparation
Using the LCD
Monitor
• You can also fold the LCD monitor
into the camcorder with the screen
facing out for watching playback on
the monitor.
Preparation
You can use the LCD monitor to play back
recordings that you have made or to watch
the subject during recording.
3
Power switch
LCD monitor
1
Open the LCD monitor to a 90° angle
to the camcorder body.
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to v or
w.
• A picture displays on
the LCD monitor.
Lock button
Note:
• Battery consumption is larger when the LCD
monitor is opened. Use the viewfinder instead
of the LCD monitor when you want to save
the battery power.
Closing the LCD monitor
Return the LCD monitor to the vertical 90°
position with the screen facing in, and fold it
into the camcorder into place.
90°
2
Adjust the LCD monitor to an angle
that allow easy viewing of the onscreen picture.
• The LCD monitor rotates 270°
vertically.
180°
90°
Note: Do not try to rotate the LCD
monitor vertically until the monitor is
completely opened.
Notes:
• Do not use excessive force when moving
the LCD monitor.
• When closing the LCD monitor, do not tilt
it; otherwise the monitor may not close
properly and may become damaged.
• Do not pick up the camcorder by the LCD
monitor.
• Do not place the camcorder with the LCD
monitor screen facing down.
• Close the LCD monitor completely with the
screen facing in when not in use.
• Before closing the LCD monitor, make sure
the battery pack is properly attached to the
camcorder, otherwise the monitor may be
damaged.
• When carrying the camcorder in a bag, for
example, close the LCD monitor with the
screen facing in.
20
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Tips on Recording
Positions
To create images that are easy to watch during playback, try to record with an upright
posture and steady hands to prevent a shaky image.
Holding the camcorder
Basic posture
Shooting from a high angle
Place the viewfinder
eyecup firmly against
your eye.
Turn the LCD
monitor so that the
screen faces
downward.
Place your elbows
against your sides.
Shooting from a low angle
Turn the LCD
monitor so that the
screen faces
upward.
Balance your
weight on both
legs.
Note:
• Take care not to touch the microphone with your fingers during recording. It will cause noise on
the audio track.
21
VL-Z400S-GB-006-021
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04.3.12, 7:56 AM
Preparation
Put your right hand through the hand strap, and place your left hand under the camcorder
for support.
Basic
Operations
Basic Operations
Camera
CameraRecording
Recording
Selecting the Camcorder Mode
Media Selection
switch
This camcorder includes functions for use as both a
video camera for recording and playing back images
on tapes and as a digital still camera for recording and
playing back still images on cards. One of the following
camcorder modes needs to be set before starting any
operation.
Basic Operations
Camcorder modes
Power switch
Tape Camera mode
Tape Playback mode
For recording motion and still images on
a tape.
For playing back or editing motion and still
images recorded on a tape.
1
Set the Media
Selection switch to V.
1
Set the Media Selection
switch to V.
2
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to v.
2
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to w.
Lock button
Lock button
Card Camera mode
Card Playback mode
For recording still images on a card.
For playing back still images recorded on
a card.
1
Set the Media Selection
switch to u.
1
Set the Media Selection
switch to u.
2
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to v.
2
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to w.
Lock button
Lock button
Notes:
• To turn the power off, set the Power switch to OFF without pressing the Lock button.
• Do not change the camcorder mode by operating the Media Selection switch during recording
or playback, as this may cause damage to the tape or card.
22
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22
04.3.12, 7:57 AM
Easy Camera
Recording on Tape in
Full Auto Mode
4
Press the Record Start/Stop button to
begin recording.
Available mode:
Tape Camera
REC
• Before you start recording, perform the
operations described on pages 6 through
21 to prepare your camcorder for
recording.
Maximum continuous recording and
actual recording times in Tape
Camera mode
Power switch
Record Start/Stop button
Max. continuous
recording time
1
2
Remove the lens cap.
Battery
pack
Set the Media Selection
switch to V.
BT-L227
3
Hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to v.
• The picture from the lens now
displays and the POWER/CHARGE
(RED) indicator lights up green.
• The camcorder is now ready to
record (Recording Standby mode).
POWER/CHARGE
(RED) indicator
PAUSE
Actual
recording time
LCD
closed
LCD
open
LCD
closed
LCD
open
145
125
70
60
• The chart specifies the approximate times in
minutes.
Note:
• Using the zoom (see page 24) and other
functions or turning the power on and off
frequently will increase power consumption. This may result in a decrease in the
actual recording time compared to the
maximum continuous recording time listed
above.
AU TO
Lock button
Note:
• If “AUTO” is not displayed at this time,
set the camcorder to Full Auto mode
(see page 61).
VL-Z400S-GB-022-031
23
(Continued on the next page)
04.3.12, 7:57 AM
23
Basic Operations
Note:
• Before recording an important scene,
please perform the recording test, then
Media Selection switch
playback to check if the scene was
recorded properly. If noise occurs, use a
commercially available cleaning tape to
clean the video heads (see page viii).
Basic Operations
Camera Recording
Zooming
To pause recording
Press the Record Start/Stop button again.
Recording pauses, and the camcorder
enters Recording Standby mode.
PAUSE
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
Zooming allows you to move visually closer
to or further from a subject without physically changing your position.
When using the optical zoom, you can
enlarge the subject up to 10K.
Zooming in (when you want to centre
attention on the subject)
Basic Operations
To turn the power off
Set the Power switch to OFF without
pressing the Lock button.
Remaining in Recording Standby
mode for 5 minutes
If the camcorder remains in Recording
Standby mode over 5 minutes in Tape
Camera mode, the camcorder automatically
enters stop mode to protect the tape from
damage.
Zooming out (when you want to include
the surroundings)
Zooming in
Push the Power Zoom control to the T
(telephoto) side to get a close-up view (1).
Zooming out
Push the Power Zoom control to the W (wide
angle) side to get a wide field of view (2).
— To resume Recording Standby mode from
stop mode, press the STANDBY button (see
page 25).
— To resume recording from stop mode
directly, press the Record Start/Stop button.
However, it may need several seconds to
resume recording after pressing the Record
Start/Stop button.
W
T Z OOM
3
Power Zoom
control
Zoom range indicator
• The zoom range indicator shows you the
current zoom setting.
• The zoom speed depends on how far you
push the Power Zoom control.
Notes:
• The camcorder is unable to focus when
zooming in on subjects closer than 1.5 m.
• See page 34 for how to use the digital zoom.
24
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24
04.3.12, 7:57 AM
Power Standby Mode
Available mode:
Tape Camera
Power Standby mode allows you to prevent
accidental recording by locking all
operations except cancelling the mode.
• The camcorder will enter stop mode
automatically 5 minutes after setting Power
Standby mode if it remains in Recording
Standby mode after cancelling Power
Standby mode.
— When Power Standby mode, for example,
is cancelled after 3 minutes, the
camcorder will enter stop mode if
recording is not started within 2 minutes.
Turning on/off the
Backlight
Available modes:
All modes
STANDBY button
Hold down the STANDBY button for more
than 2 seconds when you pause recording in Tape Camera mode.
• The screen turns off and the STANDBY
indicator lights up.
STANDBY indicator
LCD LAMP button
To resume operation
Press the STANDBY button again to
return to the Recording Standby mode.
• It takes about 2 seconds to be able to start
recording.
Notes:
• Power Standby will cancel and the STANDBY
indicator will turn off in these situations below:
— When the camcorder remains in Power
Standby mode for more than 5 minutes
— When the camcorder is set to Card
Camera, Tape Playback or Card Playback
mode
— When removing the battery pack
— When removing a cassette
Hold down the LCD LAMP button for
more than 2 seconds to turn off the
backlight.
• H will flash for 2 seconds, then lights up.
To turn on the backlight
Hold down the LCD LAMP button for
more than 2 seconds.
Note:
• The backlight off mode will cancel when you
close the LCD monitor.
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25
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Basic Operations
You can see the on-screen display outdoors
on a sunny day or in a location with bright
lighting even when the backlight turns off.
Also, this function is useful when watching
playback on a TV.
Basic Operations
Camera Recording
Auto Focus
Remaining Recording
Time Display
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
Basic Operations
The camcorder is preset to Auto Focus
mode, which is designed to focus on most
types of subjects. In Auto Focus mode, the
camcorder automatically focuses on the
subject in the centre of the scene. Always
keep the subject in the centre of the scene.
Notes:
• If no subject is in the centre of the scene, the
focus area will expand and the subject
nearest the centre will be focused on.
• Auto Focus may not work in the situations
described on page 54. In these situations,
use the manual focus function.
• The camcorder may not be able to focus
correctly if the subject is closer than
approximately 1.5 m. Set the zoom control to
wide angle, and try refocusing again.
• If the lens is dirty or fogged, the camcorder
may not be able to focus correctly.
Macro Shots
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
This camcorder lets you shoot close-up
images of small objects such as flowers and
insects, or make title frames for your videos.
When you want to record a magnified image
of a subject which is within approximately
1.5 m of the camcorder, do not zoom in on
it. Instead, zoom out all the way by pushing
the Power Zoom control to the W side, and
then move the camcorder closer to the
subject until you obtain the desired angle of
view. The camcorder will automatically
focus on the subject when the lens is set for
the widest angle.
Note:
• When you are recording a macro shot, be
sure that the subject receives sufficient
illumination.
When the camcorder is recording in Tape
Camera mode, an on-screen indicator
displays the approximate remaining tape
time in minutes.
Remaining
recording time
indicator
3 0 min
Notes:
• The remaining recording time indicator
appears when the on-screen indicators are
turned on.
• The remaining recording time indicator
appears 10 seconds after pressing the
Record Start/Stop button to begin
recording.
• The remaining recording time indicator only
shows the approximate time left. Also, it
varies slightly depending on the length of the
tape used. (This function is based on the
DVM60 tape standard.)
When the remaining recording time reaches
1 minute, a warning indicator will appear.
Prepare a new cassette.
Warning indicator
Approx. remaining
time
THE TAPE
ENDS SOON.
Less than 1 min.
T APE END
CHANGE THE
CAS SE T T E .
The tape has reached
the end.
T APE END
26
VL-Z400S-GB-022-031
Available mode:
Tape Camera
26
04.3.12, 7:57 AM
Remaining Battery
Power Display
Information Display
for Battery Usage
Available modes:
All modes
Available modes:
All modes
When using the camcorder with the battery
pack as the power source, the remaining
battery power indicator is displayed. If the
battery power becomes very low, a warning
indicator appears. Replace the battery
pack.
When the camcorder operates with the
battery pack, the battery usage indicator
appears beside the remaining battery
power indicator.
Battery usage indicator for
the battery pack attached
to the camcorder
Basic Operations
Battery usage indicator for the
optional external battery with
hand strap BT-LCA1
(Green)
(Green)
(Red)
BA T T E RY I S
T OO LOW.
Remaining
battery power
indicator
When both indicators appear, the
camcorder consumes power from both
battery packs.
When one indicator appears, it consumes
power from the indicated battery pack.
Warning
indicator
Notes:
• The remaining battery power indicator
appears when the on-screen indicators are
turned on.
• Use the remaining battery power indicator
only as an approximate indication.
• The remaining battery power indicator may
change to either a higher or lower level if you
set the Power switch to OFF and then back to
v or w.
• In cold environments, the red remaining
battery power indicator may appear sooner.
• Use of the zoom functions when the warning
indicator is displayed may cause the
camcorder to suddenly lose power.
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04.3.12, 7:57 AM
Basic Operations
Camera Recording
Using Earphones
(Commercially
Available)
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Tape Playback
Basic Operations
You can monitor the sound via stereo
earphones (commercially available) during
playback or recording. Stereo earphones
with a 3.5 mm diameter plug can be used
with this camcorder.
Connect the plug of stereo earphones to the
earphones jack on the camcorder as shown
below.
Adjusting the Phones
Volume
Available mode:
Tape Camera
You can adjust the phones volume if sound
through the earphones is difficult to hear.
1
Set the Media Selection switch to V,
then hold down the Lock button and
set the Power switch to v (see page
22).
2
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
3
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
S E T T I NG 2
ON
DIS
A UD I O MOD E 1 2 bit
OFF
W I ND
PHO N E S V O L –
R E T U RN
Earphones jack
Notes:
• Before connecting stereo earphones, turn the
camcorder volume down to the lowest
setting.
• The built-in speaker automatically turns off
when stereo earphones are connected to the
earphones jack.
+
4
Press l or m to select “PHONES
VOL” , then press the centre of the
Operation button.
5
Press j or k to adjust to the desired
volume level, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
P HO N E S V O L
–
Decrease
6
+
Increase
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Note:
• During playback, you can use the Volume
control to adjust the earphones (see page
30).
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Basic Operations
Playback
Tape Playback
To stop playback
Press l.
Available mode:
Tape Playback
The LCD monitor screen functions as a
handy playback monitor. Nothing needs to
be connected, allowing instant on-screen
playback with the sound through the built-in
speaker.
Media Selection
switch
To turn the power off
Set the Power switch to OFF without
pressing the Lock button.
1
Set the Media Selection
switch to V.
2
Hold down the Lock
button and set the
Power switch to w.
Watching the playback in
the viewfinder
Lock button
3
Press j (or k) on the Operation
button to rewind (or fast forward) the
tape to the desired point.
4
Press m to begin playback.
You can also watch the playback in the
viewfinder by closing the LCD monitor with
the screen facing in. You cannot monitor the
sound through the speaker when watching
the playback in the viewfinder.
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04.3.12, 7:57 AM
Basic Operations
Power switch
Operation button
Notes:
• The tape automatically rewinds when
playback reaches the end of the tape.
• When selecting “5 MIN” or “10 MIN” in power
save mode and remaining in stop mode
without any operation for 5 or 10 minutes, the
camcorder will turn off automatically.
Basic Operations
Playback
Volume Control
Video Search
Available mode:
Tape Playback
When the camcorder is in Tape Playback
mode, push the Volume control to the L or
+ side to increase (1) or decrease (2) the
volume.
The volume level indicator will appear on
the LCD screen during adjustment only.
Once the Volume control is released, the
volume level indicator will disappear shortly
afterwards.
The video search function makes it easy to
search for a desired scene on the tape.
Basic Operations
Available mode:
Tape Playback
Searching for a Scene Near
the Current Tape Position
1
• The playback picture fast forwards
(or reverses).
2
VOLUME
Decrease
Volume
control
Increase
Available mode:
Tape Playback
The still function allows you to pause in
Tape Playback mode.
Notes:
• The sound is off in Still mode.
• To protect the tape, the camcorder automatically returns to normal playback if it is left in
Still mode for more than 5 minutes.
During fast forward (or rewind) in
Tape Playback mode, press and hold
k (or j) on the Operation button.
• The fast forward (or rewind) picture
displays.
2
If the scene is still rather far from the
current tape position, release the
Operation button to normal fast
forward (or rewind).
3
Repeat steps 1 and 2 above until you
find the scene.
4
Press m to begin normal playback.
During Tape Playback, press m on the
Operation button.
To return to normal playback, press m
again.
When you find the scene, press m to
return to normal playback.
Searching for a Scene Far
from the Current Tape Position
1
Still
During Tape Playback, press k (or
j) on the Operation button.
Notes:
• The sound is off during search.
• You may experience picture noise during
search. This is not a malfunction.
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Watching Playback
on a TV
Note:
• Check that the camcorder, TV, VCR and
other equipment to be used are turned
off before making any connections.
Picture noise or malfunction may occur
if any of the above is left on while
making a connection.
Available modes:
Tape Playback, Card Playback
You can connect the camcorder to a TV to
allow a larger audience to enjoy playback.
1
3
Open the terminal cover on the
camcorder (see page 2).
2
Connect the camcorder to your TV (or
VCR) with the supplied audio/video/
S-video cable, as shown.
TV or VCR
S-VIDEO
VIDEO (MONO) L-AUDIO-R
AV-IN
Black: To S-video input socket
Yellow: To video input jack
White: To audio input (L) jack
Red: To audio input (R) jack
Audio/video/S-video cable (supplied)
Set the Power switch on the
camcorder to w, and begin playback
(see page 29).
Notes:
• If your TV or VCR has a 21-pin Euro-SCART
connector, use a commercially available
RCA/21-pin Euro-SCART conversion
connector.
• If your TV or VCR has only one audio input
jack, use the white plug for the audio
connection on the TV or VCR.
• If your TV or VCR has an S-video input
socket, you do not need to connect the
yellow video plug.
• Close the terminal cover after use.
About the S-video socket
S-video sockets are used to separately pass
the chroma (colour) and luminance
(brightness) components of video signals.
They serve to improve the picture quality in
both recording and playback.
To AV
terminal
: The arrow shows the signal flow.
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Basic Operations
• When connecting to a TV via a VCR,
turn on the VCR and set it to the “AV”
or “LINE” input channel. Operate the
TV as you normally do to view the
signal from the VCR. (See the
operation manuals of your TV and
VCR.)
4
Terminal cover
Turn on the TV and set it to the “AV”
or “VIDEO” channel. (See the
operation manual of your TV.)
Useful
Features
Useful Features
Using the Mode Screens
Control Buttons
Operation button
Media Selection switch
In the mode screens, you can adjust the
camcorder settings by using the Operation
button.
1
• See pages 104 to 107 for the mode
items you can select in each
camcorder mode.
• Steps 2 to 4 show how to change the
SCENE MENU setting in Tape
Camera mode.
Power switch
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
Operation button
Useful Features
Use the Operation button to select and set
the desired setting.
2
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button until the mode screen appears.
MANU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
Each time you press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button, the screen changes as shown
below.
Set to the desired camcorder mode
by using the Media Selection switch
and the Power switch (see page 22).
3
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
Information
PAUSE
display on
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select the desired mode
item (SCENE MENU), then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Example
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
FADE
SC E N E M E N U O F F
2.
AU TO
3 0min
6. 2 00 5
10 : 30
Mode screen
PAUSE
MANU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
AU TO
3 0min
SEL ECT
4
Press l or m to select the desired
mode setting (DUSK), then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Example
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
FADE
S C E N E M E N U DU S K
SET
PAUSE
Information
display off
To turn off the mode screen
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET button.
Note:
• Items that are not selectable are greyed out.
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Using the Menu Screens
4
Use the menu screens to adjust the various
camcorder settings.
Press l or m to select the desired
menu item (DGTL ZOOM), then press
the centre of the Operation button.
Example
Operation button
Media Selection switch
S E T T I NG 1
Q K . R E T U RN
W I D E MOD E
DG T L Z O OM OF F
TAPE SPEE D 4 0
R E T URN
700
• You can press k, instead of the
centre of the Operation button.
Power switch
MENU button
1
Set to the desired camcorder mode
by using the Media Selection switch
and the Power switch (see page 22).
2
Press the MENU button to display the
Example
menu screen.
S E T T I NG 1
Q K . R E T U RN
W I D E MOD E
DG T L Z O OM
TAPE SPEE D
R E T URN
S T AR T
OF F
OF F
SP
Note:
• The menu screen does not appear
during recording.
3
Press l or m to select the desired
menu setting (40), then press the
centre of the Operation button.
DG T L ZOOM
40
• You can press j, instead of the
centre of the Operation button.
• To adjust another menu item, press
l or m to select “RETURN” and
press the centre of the Operation
button, then perform steps 3 to 5.
To turn off the menu screen
Press the MENU button.
Notes:
• Certain menu items are common to all
camcorder modes. If the BEEP menu item, for
example, is set to “OFF” in Tape Camera
mode, it will be automatically set to “OFF” in
other modes.
• The menu screen automatically turns off if no
settings are made within 5 minutes.
• Items that are not selectable are greyed out.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select the desired menu
screen (T), then press the centre of
the Operation button.
Example
S E T T I NG 1
QK. RETURN START
OF F
W I D E MOD E
DG T L Z O OM O F F
TAPE SPEE D SP
R E T URN
• You can press k, instead of the
centre of Operation button.
VL-Z400S-GB-032-036
33
33
04.3.12, 7:58 AM
Useful Features
• See pages 104 to 107 for the menu
items you can select in each
camcorder mode.
• Steps 2 to 5 show how to change the
DGTL ZOOM menu setting in Tape
Camera mode.
5
Useful Features
Useful Features
Camera Recording
Setting the Digital
Zoom
The “D” digital zoom indicator is displayed
during digital zooming.
Available mode:
Tape Camera
You can select three different zoom ranges:
1–10K (optical zoom), 10–40K (digital
zoom) or 10–700K (digital zoom). The
digital zoom allows you to record powerful
close-up pictures with the same operation
as normal zooming.
Useful Features
Notes:
• The digital zoom is in addition to the optical
zoom giving a combined maximum zoom
range of 1–700K.
• As the image is enlarged digitally, the
picture quality decreases when higher
digital zoom settings are used.
1
In Tape Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select T, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “DGTL
ZOOM”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
W
T D- ZOOM 2 5
Power Zoom
control
Digital zoom indicator
To use optical zoom only
Select “OFF” in step 4 above.
S E T T I NG 1
Q K . R E T U RN
W I D E MOD E
DG T L Z O OM OF F
TAPE SPEE D 4 0
R E T URN
700
4
Press l or m to select “40” or “700”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
DG T L ZOOM
5
40
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
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Backlight
Compensation (BLC)
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
4
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
• “x” appears when on-screen
indicators are turned on, indicating that
the backlight compensation is now
working.
When the subject is backlit, the image will
appear dark if it is recorded normally. Use
the backlight compensation (BLC) function
to brighten the entire screen.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
PAUSE
AU TO
3 0min
To cancel the backlight compensation function
Select “OFF” in step 3 above.
MANU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “BLC/GAIN”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
3
Press l or m to select “ON x”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
BLC / GA I N
Useful Features
2
ON
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Useful Features
Camera Recording
To cancel the gain-up function
Gain-up
Select “OFF” in step 3 above.
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
When you are recording in a dark or poorly
illuminated location, “LIGHT” is displayed
on the screen. Use the gain-up function to
record a brighter picture.
Note:
• At locations where lighting is adequate,
“LIGHT” will not appear. The gain-up function
cannot be used in this case.
Notes:
• You may experience some picture noise in
Gain-up mode, which increases when the
e appears.
• When the e indicator appears, you may
get a shadow image behind a subject that is
moving around a lot.
• Fine brightness adjustments are possible
when using manual iris (see page 58).
• The e indicator will disappear and
Gain-up mode will cancel if you aim the
camcorder in a bright location.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
Useful Features
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
MANU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
2
3
Press l or m on the Operation button
to select “BLC/GAIN”, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Press l or m to select “ON e”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
BLC / GA I N
4
ON
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
• “e” appears when on-screen
indicators are turned on, indicating that
the gain-up function is now working.
PAUSE
AU T O
3 0min
min
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Fade In and Fade Out
Available mode:
Tape Camera
4
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button until on-screen indicators
appear.
5
Press the Record Start/Stop button to
begin recording.
The fade function allows you to gradually
bring the image and sound in or out at the
beginning or end of a scene for creating
scene transitions. This is especially effective
in creating a dramatic change in scenery.
• The picture turns white, and the
image and sound fade in.
REC
Operation button
FADE I N
AU TO
3 0min
min
6
DISPLAY/MODE
SET button
Record Start/Stop
button
Press the Record Start/Stop button at
the point where you wish to stop
recording.
Fade in
REC
F A D E OUT
Fade out
AU TO
2 7min
7 min
Using
1
2
In Tape Camera mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “FADE”, then press
the centre of the Operation button.
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
FADE
OF F
3
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
VL-Z400S-GB-037-047
37
To cancel Fade mode
Select “OFF” in step 3 above.
To use Fade Out only
1
During camera recording in Tape
Camera mode, press the DISPLAY/
MODE SET button until the mode
screen appears.
2
3
Perform steps 2 and 3 in “Using”.
Press the Record Start/Stop button at
the point where you wish to stop
recording.
Note:
• Fade mode automatically cancels after Fade
Out.
37
04.3.12, 7:58 AM
Useful Features
• The image and sound fade out as the
picture gradually turns white. The
camcorder then returns to Recording
Standby mode.
Useful Features
Camera Recording
5
Quick Return
Available mode:
Tape Camera
• “SEARCH” flashes, and the tape
begins fast forwarding or rewinding
to the end of the last recorded scene.
If while playing back your tape you want to
quickly return to the last recorded scene
and start recording again, use the quick
return function.
1
Set the camcorder to Tape Camera
mode.
2
In Recording Standby mode, press
the MENU button to display the menu
screen.
3
Useful Features
4
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select T, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Press l or m to select “QK.
RETURN”, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
S E T T I NG 1
S T AR T
Q K . R E T U RN
S T OP
W I D E MOD E
DG T L Z O OM
TAPE SPEE D
R E T URN
Press l or m to select “START”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
SE ARCH
• When the tape reaches the end of
the last recorded scene, “FINISHED”
is displayed, and the camcorder
enters Recording Standby mode.
6
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Notes:
• To cancel the quick return function while
“SEARCH” is flashing, press the centre of
Operation button twice.
• Quick return will not work if you remove the
cassette and reload it after recording or if
nothing has been recorded since loading.
• When the camcorder remains in Recording
Standby mode for more than 5 minutes and
enters stop mode, quick return will not work.
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Still Recording on
Tape
Edit Search
Available mode:
Tape Camera
The edit search function lets you search,
without switching from Tape Camera mode
to Tape Playback mode, for the point on the
tape where you wish to start recording next.
Available mode:
Tape Camera
You can record continuous still images of
subjects.
1
Set the camcorder to Tape Camera
mode.
2
In Recording Standby
mode, press the PHOTO
button fully.
• A still image of the
subject is displayed.
Operation button
3
Set the camcorder to Tape Camera
mode.
2
In Recording
Standby mode,
press and hold
down j (reverse
edit search) or k
(forward edit
search) on the
Operation button.
Press the Record Start/
Stop button.
• The still image of the
subject will be recorded.
• During still recording,
“RECORDED ON TAPE”
appears on the screen.
Useful Features
1
To pause recording
Press the Record Start/Stop button.
To cancel the still image
Press the PHOTO button fully.
3
When you find the point where you
want to begin recording, release the
button.
Notes:
• The sound is off during search.
• Forward edit search is performed at the same
speed as normal playback, and reverse edit
search at 6.5 times the normal playback.
• You may experience picture noise during
reverse edit search.
• When the camcorder remains in Recording
Standby mode for more than 5 minutes and
enters stop mode, edit search will not work.
Notes:
• Still Recording can also be used during
recording by pressing the PHOTO button
fully.
• The picture quality in Still Recording function
will be slightly lower than normal pictures.
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Useful Features
Camera Recording
Digital Image
Stabilization (DIS)
Available mode:
Tape Camera
5
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
• The DIS indicator only appears when
the on-screen indicators are turned
on.
DIS indicator
The digital image stabilization (DIS) function
allows you to stabilize the image by
electronically compensating for relatively
minor image shaking that is often annoying
in close-up shots.
1
In Tape Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “DIS”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Useful Features
2
PAUSE
To cancel DIS function
Select “OFF” in step 4 above. The z
indicator will disappear.
Notes:
• The DIS function cannot compensate for
excessive image shaking.
• When image shaking does not occur (e.g.
when using the camcorder on a tripod), turn
off the DIS function. The picture will appear
more natural when the DIS function is off.
S E T T I NG 2
ON
DIS
A UD I O MOD E O F F
W I ND
PHO N E S V O L
R E T U RN
4
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
DIS
ON
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4
Wide Mode
Available mode:
Tape Camera
• The picture is displayed with the top
and bottom portions masked.
The wide screen function lets you record
scenes with the wide-screen feel of a movie
shown in a theatre. The top and bottom of
the picture are masked with black bands to
produce an effective screen aspect ratio of
16:9.
Normal screen
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
WIDE MODE
5
ON
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
To return to normal screen
Wide screen
Select “OFF” in step 4 above.
In Tape Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select T, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “WIDE
MODE”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
Useful Features
1
S E T T I NG 1
QK . R E T URN
W I D E MOD E
OF F
D G T L Z O OM ON
TAPE SPEE D
RE T URN
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Useful Features
Camera Recording
Power Save Mode
To cancel the power save mode
Select “OFF” in step 4 above.
Available modes:
All modes
Power save mode will turn off the
camcorder automatically to save battery
power when the camcorder is not in use for
5 or 10 minutes.
Notes:
• The camcorder will not turn off when
recording, playing back, AV or DV inputting or
connecting the USB cable.
• The camcorder will turn off prior to Power
Standby mode.
Note:
• To resume recording or playback, set the
Power switch to OFF, then back to v or w.
Useful Features
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
Turn on the camcorder, then press
the MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select ~, then press the
center of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “POWER
SAVE”, then press the center of the
Operation button.
OTHE RS 2
POW E R S A V E O F F
T I ME CO D E
5 MIN
T C OU T
1 0 MI N
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T UR N
4
Press l or m to select “5 MIN” or “10
MIN”, then press the center of the
Operation button.
P OWE R S A V E
5
5 MI N
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
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Self Recording
Normal self recording
2
Set the Media Selection switch to V
or u.
3
Set the Power switch to v.
• The subject is displayed in the
viewfinder, and a mirror image of the
subject is displayed on the LCD
monitor.
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
Open the LCD monitor and rotate it 180°
vertically so that the screen faces the other
way and the subject can monitor the shot
while you are recording with the viewfinder.
If the camcorder is steadied, you can record
yourself in the scene by watching yourself
on the LCD monitor. The remote control is
useful for such occasions.
4
Begin recording.
1
Pull out the viewfinder completely.
Open the LCD monitor to a 90° angle
to the camcorder body (1), and then
rotate it 180° vertically (2).
180°
90°
(Continued on the next page) 43
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43
04.3.12, 7:58 AM
Useful Features
Notes:
• Use the remote control to begin/stop
recording on tape.
• You can play back images while the monitor
is in the self recording position. Set the
camcorder to Tape Playback or Card
Playback mode.
Useful Features
Camera Recording
Self recording with reversed
grip
3
Open the LCD monitor to a 90° angle
to the camcorder body (1), and then
rotate it 180° vertically (2).
Available mode:
Tape Camera
90°
Rotate the grip 105° and the LCD monitor
180° vertically so that you can record
yourself while holding the grip.
Turn the camcorder downward as
shown below.
Useful Features
1
2
Rotate the lens section 105° vertically
as shown below.
105°
180°
4
5
6
Set the Media Selection switch to V.
Set the Power switch to v.
Begin recording.
Notes:
• Do not rotate the monitor section to the self
recording position during recording or
playback.
• During self recording with reversed grip, the
mode or menu screen cannot be displayed.
• All of the manual settings are set to AUTO
and some other settings will set to OFF in self
recording with reversed grip.
• You may experience image noise when using
self recording.
• To operate self recording with reversed grip
correctly, make sure to turn the grip and the
lens section so that the Record Start/Stop
button and the tripod socket face upward,
and the lens faces toward you. The I
indicator will appear.
• Be sure that the LCD monitor rotation is
exactly 180°, otherwise the image recorded
will be rotated 180° upside-down.
• In self recording with reversed grip in Card
Camera mode, the still images will be
recorded rotated 180° upside down. The J
indicator will appear in this case.
• The viewfinder does not work in self
recording with reversed grip.
44
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Recording in LP (Long
Play Recording) Mode
Available mode:
Tape Camera
This camcorder allows you to record in LP
(Long Play Recording) mode for approximately 50% more recording time with the
same picture quality as that in SP (Standard
Play Recording) mode.
1
2
3
In Tape Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select T, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Press l or m to select “TAPE
SPEED”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
4
Press l or m to select “LP”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
T AP E SP E E D LP
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
• The long play recording mode
indicator only appears when the onscreen indicators are turned on.
LP
P AT UA SP E
Long play recording mode indicator
To return to SP mode
Select “SP” in step 4 above.
Notes on the use of LP
mode
• To record in LP mode, be sure to use a
Mini DV cassette labelled for use with LP
mode.
• Frozen images, mosaic-pattern picture
noise, audio interruptions or audio loss
may occur in the following cases:
—When using a tape which is not
designated for use with LP mode.
—When a tape recorded in LP mode
under high temperature conditions is
played back.
—When a tape recorded in LP mode with
the camcorder is played back on a Mini
DV player or camcorder from another
manufacturer.
—When a tape recorded in LP mode is
played back on a Mini DV player or
camcorder without an LP function.
• Audio dubbing is not possible with LP
mode recording.
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Useful Features
S E T T I NG 1
QK . R E T URN
W I D E MOD E
D G T L Z O OM
TAPE SPEE D SP
LP
RE T URN
5
Useful Features
Camera Recording
Selecting the 16-bit
Audio Recording
Mode
Available mode:
Tape Camera
1
In Tape Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Useful Features
Press l or m to select “AUDIO
MODE”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
S E T T I NG 2
DIS
A U D I O MO D E 1 2 bit
1 6 bit
W I ND
PHON E S V O L
R E T URN
Press l or m to select “16bit”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
AUD I O MODE 1 6 bit
5
The camcorder normally records audio in
the 12-bit audio recording mode. For higherquality audio recording, select the 16-bit
audio recording mode.
3
4
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
• The 16-bit audio recording mode
indicator only appears when the onscreen indicators are turned on.
P AT UA SP E
1 6 bit
16-bit audio recording mode indicator
To return to 12-bit audio recording
mode
Select “12bit” in step 4 above.
Note:
• When using Audio Dubbing with 16-bit audio
recordings, both the dubbed and original
sounds will be recorded in mono (see page
68).
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Windbreak
To cancel Windbreak
Select “OFF” in step 4 above.
Available mode:
Tape Camera
The windbreak function allows you to
reduce annoying noise from strong winds
when recording.
1
In Tape Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “WIND”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Note:
• Keep the windbreak function off during
normal recording. If left on, the recorded
audio may sound somewhat muffled when
played back.
4
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
W I ND
5
Useful Features
S E T T I NG 2
DIS
A U D I O MO D E
OF F
W I ND
P H O N E S V O L ON
R E T URN
ON
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
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Useful
Features
Useful Features
Playback
Playback
Using the Remote
Control
(Not Supplied)
Operating
Aim the remote control at the remote sensor
of the camcorder, and press the control
buttons to operate.
Available modes:
All modes
The remote control (RRMCGA237WJSA) is
not supplied with this camcorder. Contact
the nearest SHARP service centre or your
dealer for purchasing as specified part.
5
m
Activating
Remote sensor
Useful Features
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Playback mode.
1
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Z, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “REMOTE”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NGU A G E
R E T U RN
4
TAPE REC START/STOP button
CARD REC button
CARD PLAY/MULTI
button
SLOW button
FF button
ON
OF F
PLAY/STILL button
Advance/reverse
buttons
Shift buttons
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
REMOT E
5
ZOOM (W/T) buttons
ON
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
STOP button
REW button
Notes:
• Be careful not to expose the remote sensor to
direct sunlight or strong interior lighting, as
this may prevent the remote control from
operating properly.
• Be sure that there are no obstacles between
the remote control and the remote sensor.
48
VL-Z400S-GB-048-053
VOLUME +/L
buttons
T/C (Time Code)
button
DATE button
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Selecting the Date
and Time of
Recording Display
5
Press the MENU button until the date
(or date and time) appears.
2.
Available modes:
All modes
PLAY
Follow the procedure below to select the
date, or both the date and time, of recording
display on the screen. You can display the
date and time during both recording and
playback.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Playback mode.
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select ~, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “DATE DISP.”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
R EW
6. 200 5
FF
Notes:
• The date (or date and time) appears when
the on-screen indicators are turned on.
• Before recording, make sure that the date
and time have been correctly set. If they have
not been set, the display will be left blank
when playing back the recording. (The
display will also be left blank for unrecorded
or damaged portions of the tape.)
• In Tape Playback mode, the current date and
time are displayed when the tape is not being
played back.
• You can also press the DATE button on the
remote control (not supplied) to display the
date (or date and time).
Useful Features
1
STOP
O T H E RS 2
POW E R S A V E
T I ME C O D E
T C OUT
12H / 24H
D A T E D I S P . D A T E + T I ME
S E T T I NG
DA T E
R E T URN
OF F
4
Press l or m to select the desired
setting, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
DATE D I S P. DA T E
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Useful Features
Playback
4
Picture Effect
Playback
To cancel picture effect playback
Available modes:
Tape Playback, Card Playback
Select “OFF” in step 3 above.
These picture effects let you play back
images with a more dramatic effect.
Types
Useful Features
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
B/W: The picture is displayed in
black-and-white.
SEPIA: The picture is displayed in
sepia colour similar to that of an old
photograph.
SOLARI: The contrast of the subject
is enhanced, creating an unique
artistic image.
NEGA: The blacks and whites of the
image are reversed and colours of
the image are inverted.
Notes:
• Video images in picture effect playback
mode cannot be transferred via DV cable to a
personal computer.
• You cannot use picture effect playback with
slide show playback.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Playback mode.
1
During Tape Playback (or Card
Playback), press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “PIC. EFFECT”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
P I C . E F F E C T OF F
AU D I O DU B
STRETCH PB
3
Press l or m to select the desired
picture effect, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
P I C. E F F E C T B W
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Rotate Playback
Available mode:
Tape Playback
This function allows you to play back
images rotated 180°.
1
In Tape Playback mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select V, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “ROTATE
PB”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
Notes:
• When executing rotate playback during Tape
Playback, playback will stop. Press m to
begin rotate playback.
• Even if the camcorder is in rotate playback
mode, the image output via a DV connection
will display as normal playback.
• When you want to display the menu screen
during rotate playback, press the centre of
the Operation button.
• In rotate playback mode, you cannot perform
frame advance, slow, and picture effect
playback or copy an image from tape to
card.
• Rotate playback indicator appears.
P L AY BACK SE T
ROTA T E PB E X+ ECUT E
1 2
Useful Features
AUD I O
R E T U RN
AUDIO1 + 2
RO T A T E P B
Rotate playback indicator
4
Press m to begin rotate playback.
• The image is rotated 180° upside
down.
To cancel rotate playback
Press the centre of the Operation button
in step 4 above.
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Useful Features
Playback
Copying an Image
from Tape to Card
4
Press the PHOTO button to copy the
image to the card.
• The S indicator flashes red while
the image is copied.
Available mode:
Tape Playback
You can capture your favourite image frame
from a video tape recording and save it on
card.
1
Insert the recorded Mini DV cassette
and a card in the camcorder.
2
Set the camcorder to Tape Playback
mode, then begin tape playback.
3
Press m on the Operation button at
the point where the desired image
appears.
AUDIO1 + 2
• A still picture of the image appears.
Useful Features
AUDIO1 + 2
Note:
• To cancel the still picture, press m
again.
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Stretch Playback
To cancel stretch playback
Press the centre of the Operation button
in step 3 above.
Available mode:
Tape Playback
Stretch playback allows you to playback a
squeezed image with the wide screen feel
of a movie shown in a theater. Useful when
you want to play back images recorded by
a camera other than this camcorder in wide
mode on a 4:3 TV.
Squeezed image
(4:3)
Stretch playback
(16:9)
Notes:
• “Squeeze” is an image compression
technology. A 16:9 image is compressed and
recorded (squeeze recorded) as a 4:3 image.
• In stretch playback mode, you cannot
perform frame advance, slow, and picture
effect playback or copy an image from tape
to card.
• When outputting the stretch playback image
from the DV terminal, the original image
signal will be output.
• When performing stretch playback, the
normal recorded image (picture aspect ratio
4:3) will be stretched as shown below.
4:3 picture aspect
ratio image
In Tape Playback mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “STRETCH PB”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Stretch playback
Useful Features
1
P I C. EF F ECT
AU D I O DU B
STRETCH PB EXE CUT E
• Playback will stop after turning on
stretch playback.
3
Press m to begin stretch playback.
AUDIO1 + 2
STRE T CH PB
CANC E L
PAUSE
STOP
R EW
FF
• The picture displays with black
bands.
VL-Z400S-GB-048-053
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Advanced
Advanced FeaturesFeatures
Camera
CameraRecording
Recording
Manual Focus
Operation button
Power Zoom control
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
Auto Focus may not be able to focus on the
subject in the situations shown below. In
such situations, set the camcorder to
Manual Focus mode and focus manually.
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
Subject is too dark.
Fast-moving subject.
Advanced Features
Subject has horizontal
stripes.
Light reflects off the
subject.
Lack of contrast, e.g.
snow scene.
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “FOCUS”, then press
the centre of the Operation button.
Background is too bright.
MANU A L S E T
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
Subject is being shot through a
dirty or wet window.
Two subjects at different distances
overlap in the same scene.
/
3
Adjust the Power Zoom control to
frame the subject as you desire.
4
Press l or m to focus on the
subject.
p: To focus on a closer subject
o: To focus on a more distant subject
5
Subject has fine, repeated Subjects at different distances
appear in the centre of the scene
patterns.
at the same time.
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
• “MF” appears when the on-screen
indicators are turned on.
Manual focus indicator
MF
Fast-speed shutter being
used under fluorescent
lighting.
3 0min
Note:
• When “MF” is displayed, you can manually
adjust the focus by pressing l or m, even if
the focus setting screen is not displayed.
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Returning to Auto
Focus
Displaying the Manual
Setting Screen
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
You can set Manual Focus mode to Auto
Focus mode with the operation below.
You can manually adjust these settings as
shown below in the manual setting screen.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
• White Balance (see pages 56, 57)
• Manual Iris (see page 58)
• Manual Gain (see page 59)
• Shutter speed (see pages 60, 61)
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “AUTO FOCUS”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
M A NU A L S E T
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS E X E CU T E
BLC / GA I N
Note:
• You can return to Auto Focus mode
when you press j after selecting
“FOCUS”.
3
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “MANUAL SET”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
MANU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
SHU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
Advanced Features
• The FOCUS setting returns to Auto
Focus mode.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
E X E CUT E
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
Notes:
• Tape Camera and Card Camera mode do not
share manual settings.
• Items that are not selectable are greyed out.
• “MANUAL SET” cannot be selected when a
scene setting is selected.
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Advanced Features
Camera Recording
3
Adjusting White
Balance
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
The colour of the subject on the screen
looks different depending on lighting
conditions. Selecting a White Balance
setting that matches the lighting conditions.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L . A U T O
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
4
Types
AUTO: Colouring adjusted automatically for the current lighting condition.
Press l or m to select a white
balance setting, then press the centre
of the Operation button.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
LOCK MODE: Fix the setting to the
standard balance (White Balance
Lock).
OUTDOOR: For recording outdoors on
a sunny day.
INDOOR: For recording indoors with
halogen lamps or incandescent
lighting.
Press l or m to select “WHITE
BAL.”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
E X E CUT E
OU T DOO R
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
• When selecting “LOCK MODE”,
perform the steps in “Locking” on the
next page.
5
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the MANUAL SET
screen.
Advanced Features
Selecting
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “MANUAL SET”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button (see page 55).
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Locking
1
2
Select “LOCK MODE” in step 4 in
“Selecting” on the previous page.
To return to Auto White Balance
mode
Aim the lens at a white object.
Press j in step 4 in “Selecting” on the
previous page or step 3 in “Locking” to
display “AUTO”.
• Adjust the distance of the object so
that the entire screen is white.
To return to Full Auto mode
White paper or white cloth
Set the camcorder to Full Auto mode (see
page 61).
Note:
• White Balance setting cannot be used
when a scene setting is selected.
3
Press the centre of the Operation
button to set the white balance lock.
Advanced Features
• “LOCK MODE” will change to
“LOCK” after pressing the centre of
the Operation button.
• “LOCK” flashes during the locking
procedure, and stops flashing after
locking the white balance.
Note:
• If you move the camcorder while
“LOCK” is flashing, “LOCK” may not
stop flashing. If this occurs, repeat
step 3.
4
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the MANUAL SET
screen.
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Advanced Features
Camera Recording
3
Manual Iris
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
The camcorder is preset to Auto Iris mode,
which automatically selects the optimal
aperture. However, when there is too much
contrast in brightness between the subject
and background, you may not be able to
record a clear image. In this case, use the
manual iris function to correct the iris value.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
AUTO
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
4
Background is too bright and subject too
dark (backlit subject).
Advanced Features
2
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “MANUAL SET”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button (see page 55).
E X E CUT E
AUTO
F2.0
AUTO
AUTO
• The number shown is the selected
iris value. The adjustment range is 15
steps from F1.8 (most light) to F19
(least light).
Subject is too bright against background.
1
Press l or m to select the desired
iris value, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
SHU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
• Decrease the iris value to allow more light
through the lens.
• Increase the iris value to allow less light
through the lens.
Press l or m to select “IRIS”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
5
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the MANUAL SET
screen.
To return to Auto Iris mode
Press j in step 4 above to display “AUTO”.
To return to Full Auto mode
Set the camcorder to Full Auto mode (see
page 61).
Note:
• Manual Iris mode cannot be used when a
scene setting is selected.
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3
Manual Gain
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
When recording in a dark or poorly
illuminated location with Auto Gain mode,
the light sensitivity of the camcorder (gain)
will be automatically adjusted and the
recorded image may be brighter than the
subject actually is. If you want to faithfully
record a dark scene in this case, use the
manual gain function. You can also adjust
the gain to record a backlit subject brighter.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
AUTO
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
4
Faithfully recording a dark scene
• Select a smaller gain value (to decrease the
light sensitivity).
E X E CUT E
AUTO
AUTO
+3dB
AUTO
• The number shown is the selected
gain value. The adjustment range is 7
steps from 0dB (lowest sensitivity) to
L18dB (highest sensitivity).
Background is too bright and subject is
too dark (backlit subject)
• Select a larger gain value (to increase the
light sensitivity).
Note: If you select a large gain value,
the image may appear grainy.
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
5
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “MANUAL SET”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button (see page 55).
To return to Auto Gain mode
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the MANUAL SET
screen.
Press j in step 4 above to display “AUTO”.
To return to Full Auto mode
Set the camcorder to Full Auto mode (see
page 61).
Note:
• Manual Gain mode cannot be used when a
scene setting is selected.
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Advanced Features
2
Press l or m to select the desired
gain value, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
Example of use
1
Press l or m to select “GAIN”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Advanced Features
Camera Recording
Setting the Shutter
Speed
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the MANUAL SET
screen.
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
To return to Auto Shutter Speed
mode
The shutter speed is preset to auto mode,
which automatically selects the optimal
shutter speed for the ambient light.
However, depending on the subject or
situation, you may want to set the shutter
speed manually to create a high-quality
picture.
Press j in step 4 above to display “AUTO”.
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
Recommended Shutter
Speeds
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “MANUAL SET”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button (see page 55).
3
Advanced Features
5
Press l or m to select
“SHUT.SPEED”, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
SHU T . S P E E D A U T O
R E T U RN
4
Press l or m to select the desired
shutter speed, then press the centre
of the Operation button.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
E X E CUT E
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
1 / 250
• In Tape Camera mode, you can
select 18 speeds from 1/12 sec.
(“1/12”) to 1/10,000 sec. (“1/10000”).
• In Card Camera mode, you can
select 10 speeds from 1/12 sec.
(“1/12”) to 1/500 sec. (“1/500”).
To return to Full Auto mode
Set the camcorder to Full Auto mode (see
page 61).
The faster the shutter speed, the darker the
picture becomes. Select the most appropriate shutter speed for the ambient light.
Situation
Recommended
shutter speed
• Recording sports action
in bright daylight.
• Recording in bright
daylight at a ski resort.
1/10,000 sec.
l
1/1,000 sec.
• Recording outdoor
sports on a partially
cloudy day.
• Recording an outside
scene through a car
window (when you want
to minimize blur caused
by the camera shaking).
1/1,000 sec.
l
1/250 sec.
• When you want to
reduce the light by half.
Use as a substitute for
an ND2 filter.
1/120 sec.
• Recording in a poorlyilluminated location.
• When you want to
create artistic trailing
images of fast-moving
subjects.
1/25 sec.
1/12 sec.
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Tips on Using the Manual
Shutter Speed
• Fast shutter speeds can be used with
the still recording functions (see pages
39 and 70) to record higher quality still
images of fast-moving subjects.
• If the on-screen picture flickers when
recording under fluorescent lighting,
you may be able to compensate by
setting the shutter speed to 1/120 sec.
Notes:
• Recording with a shutter speed faster than
1/50 sec. tends to darken the picture. Record
in bright locations when you use a fast shutter
speed.
• Using a fast shutter speed under fluorescent
lighting will cause flickering in the picture and
possibly periodic colour shifts.
• When selecting 1/25 sec. or 1/12 sec. shutter
speed, you may get a shadow image behind
a subject that is moving around a lot.
• The Manual Shutter Speed setting cannot
be used when a scene setting is selected
or the e indicator appears.
• The shutter speed will be set to AUTO
when selecting “ON e” in gain-up
function.
Setting the
Camcorder to Full
Auto Mode
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
You can set all the settings shown in the
screen to Full Auto mode in one operation.
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “MANUAL SET”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button (see page 55).
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
3
Press l or m to select “FULL
AUTO”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
4
When the mode or menu screen is off, press
and hold down the centre of the Operation
button until the screen shown as below
appears. You can set focus, white balance,
iris, gain and shutter speed manually.
E X E CUT E
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
Press l or m to select “EXECUTE”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
FULL AUTO
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
5
E X E CUT E
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
AUTO
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the MANUAL SET
screen.
Note:
• You cannot select “FULL AUTO” when no
manual settings are currently in use.
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Advanced Features
FULL AUTO
E X E CUT E
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
Tips on Manual
Settings
FULL AUTO
F O CUS
WH I T E B A L .
IRIS
GA I N
S HU T . S P E E D
R E T U RN
E X E CUT E
L OC K
F4. 0
+3dB
1 / 500
Advanced Features
Camera Recording
Scene Menu
(Program AE)
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
In Tape Camera or Card Camera
mode, press the DISPLAY/MODE
SET button until the mode screen
appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “SCENE MENU”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
You can set the camcorder to a shooting
mode that will create the best results for a
specific situation. Just select one of the six
scene settings shown below. The
camcorder will automatically set the
exposure, white balance, and shutter speed
to produce the optimum picture quality for
the selected situation.
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
FADE
S C E N E ME N U O F F
Types
SPORT (A): When you want to record
a fast-moving subject.
Advanced Features
DUSK (B): When you want to
faithfully record the red of the setting
sun, and the surrounding twilight.
3
Press l or m to select the scene
setting that best fits the recording
situation, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
SUNLIGHT (F): When background is
very bright.
• The selected scene setting displays
on the mode screen.
PARTY (C): When the illumination is
from a spotlight or candle.
SCE NE MENU DUS K
NIGHT LUMI (D): When you want to
record fireworks or an illuminated
object in the dark.
SLOW SHUT. (E): When you want to
record an object in a dim place and
make it emerge brightly.
4
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
• The selected scene setting indicator
displays when the on-screen
indicators are turned on.
T A P EP A U S E
Scene setting indicator
To cancel the scene setting
Select “OFF” in step 3 above.
Note:
• Scene settings cannot be used when using
any manual setting except focus. Also not
selectable when e displays.
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Digital Picture
Effects
Available mode:
Tape Camera
1
In Tape Camera mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “PIC.EFFECT”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
These digital picture effects let you record
the subject with a more dramatic effect.
Types
BLC / GA I N
FADE
SC E N E M E N U
P I C . E F F E C T OF F
B/W: To record in black-and-white.
SEPIA: To record in sepia colour similar
to that of an old photograph.
SOLARI: To record with enhanced
contrast, creating an unique artistic
image.
NEGA: To record a picture whose
blacks and whites of the image are
reversed and colours of the image are
inverted.
3
Press l or m to select the desired
digital picture effect, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
P I C. E F F E C T B W
4
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the mode screen.
To cancel the digital picture effect
Select “OFF” in step 3 above.
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Advanced Features
Note:
• Digital picture effects will not work when a
still image is displayed.
Advanced
Advanced FeaturesFeatures
Playback
Playback
Using the Time Code
5
• The time code appears when the onscreen indicators are turned on.
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Tape Playback
The time code shows the hour, minute and
second of recording, and the frame number
(1 frame = approx. 1/25 sec.). This is
automatically recorded along with the
subject when you are recording on the tape.
You can display the time code on the screen
as an accurate counter in both Tape
Playback and Tape Camera modes.
Display format
TC 0 10 20 20
Frame number*
Second
Minute * Displayed during still
playback.
Hour
Advanced Features
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Playback mode.
1
During playback or camera recording
in Tape mode, press the MENU
button to display the menu screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select ~, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “TIME
CODE”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
OTHE RS 2
POW E R S A V E
T I ME C O D E
OF F
T C OU T
ON
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T URN
4
AUDIO1 + 2
To turn off the time code
Select “OFF” in step 4 above.
Notes:
• When the tape reaches an unrecorded
section, the time code returns to zero (TC
0:00:00). Once recorded, the time code
cannot be changed.
• You can also press the T/C button on the
remote control (not supplied) to display the
time code.
Displaying the time code on
a TV during playback
1
In Tape Playback mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select ~, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “TC OUT”,
then press the centre of the Operation button.
OTHE RS 2
POW E R S A V E
T I ME C O D E
T C OU T
OF F
ON
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T URN
4
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
T C OU T
5
ON
TC 0 : 10 : 20
Time code
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
T I ME CODE
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
ON
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
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Editing
Cutting Unwanted Sequences
Available mode:
Tape Playback
1
Play back the tape to be edited on the
camcorder, and locate the beginning
and end of the sequence you wish to
cut. Write down the time code reading
at the beginning and end of that
sequence (see page 64). Then,
rewind the tape to before the
beginning of the portion that you wish
to keep.
2
Load a video cassette into the
recording VCR.
3
Press m on the camcorder to begin
playback, then press the Record
button on the VCR to begin recording.
4
Press the Pause/Still button on the
VCR to pause recording when the
source tape reaches the beginning of
the sequence to be cut.
5
Press the Pause/Still (or Record)
button on the VCR to resume
recording when the source tape
reaches the end of the sequence to
be cut.
Video editing lets you refine your videos by
removing unwanted sequences from your
tape, or transposing one sequence with
another.
This camcorder lets you monitor the source
program on the built-in LCD monitor without
having to connect it to an external TV or
video monitor.
Preparation
Connect the camcorder to a VCR with the
supplied audio/video/S-video cable, as
shown.
Recording (VCR)
S-VIDEO
VIDEO (MONO) L-AUDIO-R
AV-IN
Black: To S-video input socket
Yellow: To video input jack
White: To audio input (L) jack
Red: To audio input (R) jack
Audio/video/S-video cable (supplied)
To stop editing
Press l on the camcorder and press the
Stop button on the VCR.
To AV
terminal
: The arrow shows the signal flow.
Notes:
• If your VCR has a 21-pin Euro-SCART
connector, use a commercially available
RCA/21-pin Euro-SCART conversion
connector.
• See page 2 for how to open the terminal
cover.
• If your VCR has only one audio input jack,
use the white plug for the audio connection
on the VCR.
• If your VCR has an S-video input socket, you
do not need to connect the yellow video plug.
VL-Z400S-GB-064-069
65
Notes:
• Some of the transitions between edited
sequences may be slightly off.
• There may be picture noise during video
search or still playback. This does not imply a
defect in the camcorder.
• The time code display will be recorded along
with the edited sequences if the TC OUT
menu item is set to “ON”. Set to “OFF” before
editing (see page 64).
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Advanced Features
Playback
Advanced Features
Playback
Editing with the DV
Terminal (IEEE1394)
See “Cutting Unwanted Sequences” on
page 65 using the video equipment as the
recording source.
Available mode:
Tape Playback
This camcorder can be used as a digital
video editor. A DV cable transfers all
dubbing signals including video and audio
directly to the camcorder.
Preparation
Connect the camcorder to video equipment
with a DV terminal using a commercially
available DV cable.
To DV
terminal
To Record to Video Equipment
Video equipment
with DV terminal
(e.g. DV camcorder)
Notes:
• Make sure that the video equipment to which
you are recording can input dubbing signals
via the DV terminal.
• When displaying the playback picture on the
PC, you may find black bands around the
image. This is caused by the differences of
the image display sizes.
• “i.LINK” refers to the IEEE1394-1995 industry
specification and extensions thereof. The z
logo is used for products compliant with the
i.LINK standard. This “i.LINK” mark is a
trademark of Sony Corporation.
Advanced Features
DV cable (commercially available)
To DV
terminal
: The arrow shows the signal flow.
Note:
• See page 2 for how to open the terminal
cover.
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Selecting the Audio
Playback Mode
Available mode:
Tape Playback
3
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select V, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
4
Press l or m to select “AUDIO”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
You can select any of the following audio
playback modes.
P L AY BACK SE T
ROTA T E PB
AUD I O
1+2
R E T U RN
1
2
Audio 1H2
• 12-bit recording in stereo (Audio 1
and Audio 2 channels)
• 16-bit recording in stereo (left and
right channels)
Audio 1
5
• 12-bit recording in stereo (Audio 1
channel only)
• 16-bit recording in mono (left channel
only)
Audio 2
• 12-bit recording in stereo (Audio 2
channel only)
• 16-bit recording in mono (right
channel only)
Playback a Mini DV cassette with
dubbed audio.
2
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
1+2
AUD I O
6
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
• The selected audio playback mode
indicator only appears when the onscreen indicators are turned on.
AUDIO1 + 2
Audio playback mode indicator
Note:
• The audio playback mode indicator,
“AUDIO”, displays in different colours
depending on the recording mode (12- or 16bit) used for the recording being played
back. A white display indicates 12-bit
recording mode, while a green indicates 16bit.
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Advanced Features
1
Press l or m to select the desired
audio playback mode, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Advanced Features
Playback
Audio Dubbing
Feature
Audio Recording
In normal recording mode
Available mode:
Tape Playback
You can add narration to recordings made
with this camcorder, while preserving the
original audio and video recordings.
Microphone for Audio Dubbing
You can use the built-in stereo microphone
to record narration.
12-bit audio recording
The audio is recorded in stereo on Audio 1.
Audio 1: Stereo (left and right) sound
Audio 2: No audio
16-bit audio recording
The audio is recorded in stereo with the left
and right sound on two separate channels.
Audio 1: Left sound
Audio 2: Right sound
In Audio Dubbing mode
12-bit audio recording
The dubbed audio is recorded on Audio 2.
Audio 1: Original stereo (left and right)
sound
Audio 2: Dubbed stereo (left and right)
sound
Advanced Features
Built-in stereo
microphone
Notes:
• Audio dubbing does not function through the
DV terminal.
• You cannot use audio dubbing with
recordings made in LP mode.
• You cannot use the built-in stereo microphone
for audio dubbing when the audio/video/Svideo cable is connected.
• You cannot use the zoom microphone to
record narration.
16-bit audio recording
The dubbed audio is recorded on Audio 2
over the original right sound. Both dubbed
and original sounds are mono.
Audio 1: Original left sound
Audio 2: Dubbed sound
Notes:
• You can select the 12-bit or 16-bit audio
recording mode by performing the procedure
on page 46.
• You can perform audio dubbing, such as
music, on Audio 2 if you connect another
source via the AV cable. If the audio to be
dubbed was recorded in 12-bit audio
recording mode, it can be recorded on Audio
2 in stereo sound.
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Audio Dubbing
1
Play back the Mini DV cassette
recorded in SP mode and locate the
tape position where you wish to start
audio dubbing.
2
Press m on the Operation button to
pause playback.
3
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button until the mode screen appears.
4
Press l or m to select “AUDIO
DUB”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
• The audio dubbing screen appears.
P I C. EF F ECT
AUD I O DUB
EXE CUT E
STRETCH PB
TC 0 : 00 : 00
AUDIO1 + 2
A UD I O DUB
5
STOP
1
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to turn off the audio dubbing
screen.
2
Repeat steps 1 to 5 above.
Notes:
• It is recommended that you use Audio
Dubbing only with recordings made with this
camcorder. Use of recordings made with
other digital video equipment may result in
poor audio quality.
• Audio dubbing will automatically pause if the
original audio changes from 12-bit mode to
16-bit mode or vice versa. Press m to
resume operation.
• Audio dubbing will automatically stop if a
portion recorded in LP mode or an unrecorded portion of the tape is encountered.
• You can play back the dubbed audio and the
original audio together or separately (see
page 67).
• “AUDIO DUB” cannot be selected when the
Mini DV cassette is recorded in LP mode.
Advanced Features
START
If you wish to change the
dubbed audio or dub additional scenes
CANC E L
Press m to begin audio dubbing.
Record your narration.
To pause audio dubbing
Press l. To resume audio dubbing, press
m again.
To cancel audio dubbing
Press the centre of the Operation button in
step 4. The audio dubbing screen disappears.
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Digital
Still Features
Camera Features
Digital Still Camera
Camera
CameraRecording
Recording
6
Card Recording
• The camcorder automatically focuses
on the subject. When it is set, you will
hear a sound and see T mark with
green light, then the camcorder locks
the focus.
• When camcorder locks out of focus,
T mark lights up yellow.
Available mode:
Card Camera
You can take a still picture in the same way
as you do with a standard camera and
record that image on the card.
PHOTO button
Press the PHOTO button half-way
down to focus on the subject.
Power Zoom control
9/ 81
N ORMA L
7
Press the PHOTO button fully to
begin recording.
Power switch
9/ 81
NORMA L
Media Selection switch
1
Insert a card into the camcorder (see
page 11).
2
3
4
Remove the lens cap.
AU T O
Set the Media Selection switch to u.
Hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to v.
• The picture from the lens now
displays.
Digital Still Camera Features
Number of shots taken/remaining
9/ 81
NORMA L
Lock button A U T O
5
Adjust the Power Zoom control to
frame the subject as you desire.
• The S indicator flashes red while
data is being recorded on the card,
and returns to white when recording
completes.
• To record another image, release the
PHOTO button and make sure the
picture is not frozen in the monitor,
then perform steps 6 and 7.
Notes:
• Recording under insufficient lighting may
result in blurred images. It is recommended
that you use a tripod to record insufficiently
illuminated subjects.
• Recording under the light of a fluorescent,
mercury, or sodium lamp may cause
flickering in the image and, depending on the
timing of the shot, may result in changes to
colour hue in the image.
• Set the BEEP menu item to “OFF” to turn off
the focus locking sound.
• Do not turn the power off or remove the
card while the S indicator is flashing in
step 7.
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1
Set the Media Selection switch to u,
then hold down the Lock button and
set the Power switch to v.
2
In Card Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
NORMAL: Records images with
standard picture quality.
3
ECONOMY: Allows you to take more
shots than in NORMAL mode but with
lower quality.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
4
Press l or m to select “REC
MODE”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
Selecting the Picture
Quality
Available mode:
Card Camera
The picture quality of still images recorded
on the card depends on the picture quality
setting. Select the appropriate setting to
match your recording objectives.
Lock button
Types
FINE: Records images with higher
quality than in NORMAL mode but
with lower number of recordable
images.
S E T T I NG
F I L E NO.
S E L F T I ME R
R E C MO D E
N O RMA L
RE T URN
E C O N OMY
F I NE
Approximate number of recordable images with 8 MB SD memory
card
Approx. number of
images
NORMAL
90
ECONOMY
160
FINE
50
Note:
• The number of recordable images differs
depending on the combination of picture
quality settings used and the images shot.
5
Press l or m to select the desired
setting, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
RE C MODE
6
E C ONOMY
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
• The selected picture quality indicator
only appears when the on-screen
indicators are turned on.
0/ 90
E C ONOMY
Picture quality indicator
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Digital Still Camera Features
Picture quality
setting
Digital Still Camera Features
Camera Recording
Recording with the
Self-timer
Available mode:
Card Camera
The self-timer function allows you to record
images after a time lag. This is convenient
when you want to record an image of you
and your friends together.
Selecting the time-lag
When you hold the PHOTO button half-way
down in 2 SEC mode, the camcorder will
lock the focus. This will prevent the camera
movement. But it will not lock the focus in 10
SEC mode.
1
In Card Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “SELF
TIMER”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
S E T T I NG
F I L E NO.
S E L F T I ME R 1 0 S E C
R E C MO D E
2 SEC
RE T URN
4
Press l or m to select the desired
time-lag, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
SE L F T IMER 1 0 SE C
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Digital Still Camera Features
5
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Recording
1
2
To cancel the countdown
Press the PHOTO button in step 4.
Select the desired time lag.
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button until the mode screen appears.
MANU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
3
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “SELF TIMER”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
• The self timer mode indicator, U
(10 SEC mode) or T (2 SEC
mode), appears.
To cancel the self-timer
Press the centre of the Operation button
again in step 3.
Notes:
• When recording with the self-timer, stabilize
the camcorder in the horizontal plane by
attaching it to a tripod, etc.
• Self-timer mode cancels after recording one
image. Repeat steps 1 to 4 to record another
image with the self-timer.
• Do not turn the power off or remove the card
once the self-timer operating indicator begins
flashing.
Self timer mode indicator
10
9 / 81
NORMA L
AU T O
CANC E L
4
Press the PHOTO button to start the
self-timer.
• The self-timer operating indicator
flashes while the timer counts down.
Digital Still Camera Features
Self-timer operating indicator
10
9 / 81
NORMA L
AU T O
• The shutter automatically releases
after the time lag you selected, and a
still image of the subject is recorded.
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Digital Still Camera Features
Camera Recording
Formatting a Card
3
Available modes:
Card Camera, Card Playback
• To cancel formatting, press l or m
to select “RETURN”, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Before using a commercially available card
with this camcorder, you must first have it
formatted. Also, if any of the following
warning indicators displays, you will need to
format your card.
•
•
•
•
O T H E RS 2
F ORMAT
F ORMA T
Notes:
• Formatting a card erases all stored images,
including delete-protected images. Be sure
to backup important data on your computer
or other media before formatting the card
(see pages 83–88).
• Do not remove the power source during
formatting, as this may cause damage to the
camcorder or card. It is recommended that
you use the AC outlet for the power supply.
In Card Camera or Card Playback
mode, press the MENU button to
display the menu screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select ~, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Digital Still Camera Features
1
EXECUT E
POW E R S A V E O F F
24H
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P . D A T E + T I ME
2. 6. 2 0 0 5
S E T T I NG
R E T UR N
10 : 30 : 00
“FORMAT MEMORY CARD”
“MEMORY CARD ERROR”
“MEMORY CARD READ ERROR”
“CANNOT STORE DATA”
• The example screens shown are for Card
Camera mode.
Press l or m to select “FORMAT”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
A L L DA T A W I L L
B E E RA S E D .
NO
YES
SEL ECT
4
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button to begin formatting.
• The menu screen displays when
formatting finishes.
5
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Notes:
• The supplied card is preformatted for
immediate use.
• Use this camcorder to format a card. The
camcorder may not recognize the images
on a card formatted by a computer or other
equipment.
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Setting the File
Numbering Method
4
Press l or m to select “SERIAL” or
“RESET”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
F I L E NO.
Available mode:
Card Camera
The camcorder automatically assigns file
numbers to captured images. You can
select two different methods of file numbering.
Types
SERIAL: Defines file numbers by
incrementing up from the last image
captured when inserting a new card.
RESET: Defines a new set of file
numbers when inserting a new card.
1
In Card Camera mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Y, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “FILE NO.”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
5
RE S E T
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Note:
• When a warning indicator “MAXIMUM FILE
NUMBER” appears on the screen, set FILE
NO. menu item to “RESET”, then format the
card (see page 74) or replace the card with a
new one (see page 11).
SE T T I NG
SE R I AL
F I L E NO.
S E L F T I ME R R E S E T
R E C MO D E
R E T URN
Digital Still Camera Features
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Digital
Still Features
Camera Features
Digital Still Camera
Playback
Playback
Card Playback
Note:
• Holding down j or k increases the
speed of motion of the selection frame.
Available mode:
Card Playback
4
You can play back and view still images
recorded on a card on the LCD monitor.
Press the centre of the Operation
button.
• The selected image displays in fullscreen.
Media Selection switch
Image file name
10 0 -0 00 1
1 / 10
MA L
NORMA
Power switch
S E L E C T I MG
Operation button
1
2
Set the Media Selection switch to u.
Hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to w.
• The images recorded on the card are
displayed in a thumbnail format.
7
8
1 0 0- 0 0 1 0
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NORMA L
S E L E C T I MG F U L L MULT I
Digital Still Camera Features
Page number/total thumbnail pages
3
Press j, k, l or m on the Operation button to move the selection
frame to the desired image.
• Each time you press j, k, l or m,
the selection frame moves as shown
below.
76
VL-Z400S-GB-076-089
F UL L
1
2
3
4
5
6
Available Operations during
Full-screen Display
• You can display the full-screen picture of the
previous or next image by pressing j or k.
• To return to a thumbnail of the images, press
the centre of the Operation button again.
Notes:
• You can also set in the mode screen to display
the images in full screen or thumbnails.
• Depending on the amount of image data
recorded by a camera other than this camcorder,
the picture quality indicator displayed during
playback may not match the picture quality
setting used during recording.
• The images bigger than 640K480, e.g. images
recorded on other equipment, display as
thumbnails, not full screen.
• Do not play back any card storing a defective
image (with noise and distortion) created on
other equipment. If you mistakenly play back
data on such a card, set the Power switch to
OFF, remove, and never use it with this
camcorder.
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
PAGE 1 / 2
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S E L E C T I MG F U L L MULT I
76
MU
UL T I
Picture quality
indicator
• When holding down j or k, you can search
through the images on the card. The search can
be very fast, so it is recommended that the onscreen indicators turns on to display the image
number.
9
10
Lock button
Playback image number/
number of recordings
04.3.12, 8:01 AM
4
Delete Protection
• The R indicator appears.
Available mode:
Card Playback
Delete protection indicator
You can prevent your important images
recorded on the card from accidental
erasure.
1
2
Press the centre of the Operation
button to set delete protection.
In Card Playback mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “PROTECT”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
1
2
3
4
5
6
P RO T E C T
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
PAGE 1 / 2
NORMA L
S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
• If you want to protect another image,
repeat steps 3 to 4.
5
• The PROTECT indicator appears.
D E L E T E ON E
DE LE TE ALL
D I RE C T PR I
E X E CUT E
P RO T E C T
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to finish the setting.
To cancel the protection
setting
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Select the image for delete protection
cancellation in step 3 above.
2
Press the centre of the Operation
button to cancel the protection.
• The R indicator disappears.
P RO T E C T
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
PAGE 1 / 2
NORMA L
S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
PROTECT indicator
Press j, k, l or m to select the
image for delete protection.
3
4
5
6
P RO T E C T
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
PAGE 1 / 2
NORMA L
S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
P RO T E C T
2
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
PAGE 1 / 2
NORMA L
S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to finish the setting.
Note:
• Formatting a card erases all stored images,
including delete-protected images.
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Digital Still Camera Features
3
1
Digital Still Camera Features
Playback
3
Deleting Stored
Images
Available mode:
Card Playback
Press j, k, l or m to select the
image to be deleted.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Deleting One Stored Image
DEL E TE
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
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NORMA L
S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
You can delete unwanted images to free up
memory of a card for new images.
Note:
• Deleted images cannot be restored. Check
whether or not you want the images before
performing the procedure below.
1
In Card Playback mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “DELETE ONE”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
4
Press the centre of the Operation
button to set the image.
5
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button to delete the image.
• The DELETE indicator appears.
1
2
3
4
5
6
DEL E T E?
NO
YES
SE L ECT S E T
F U L L MULTI
P I C. EF F ECT
D E L E T E ON E E X E C U T E
DE LE TE ALL
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
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1
2
3
4
5
6
Digital Still Camera Features
DEL E TE
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
PAGE 1 / 2
NORMA L
S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
6
DELETE indicator
1 0 0- 0 0 0 4
• To cancel the setting, select “NO”.
• If you want to delete another image,
repeat steps 3 to 5.
DEL E TE
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to finish the setting.
Notes:
• The protected images cannot be deleted.
Cancel the protection setting to delete the
image (see page 77).
• Do not turn the power off while deleting an
image.
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04.3.12, 8:01 AM
Deleting All Stored Images
3
You can delete all stored images on a card
in one operation.
Notes:
• Deleted images cannot be restored. Check
whether or not you want the images before
performing the procedure below.
• If you want to keep some images on the card,
first delete-protect them (see page 77), and
then perform the procedure below.
1
In Card Playback mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “DELETE ALL”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
• To cancel the setting, select “NO”.
4
Press the DISPLAY/MODE SET
button to finish the setting.
Notes:
• The protected images cannot be deleted.
Cancel the protection setting to delete the
image (see page 77).
• If a print order is assigned to deleteprotected images and you perform the
procedure above, the print order will cancel
(the protection setting will not cancel).
• It may take several seconds to delete all
images from the card.
• Do not turn the power off while deleting
images.
• The DELETE ALL? indicator appears.
F U L L MULT I
P I C. EF F ECT
D E L E T E ONE
DE LE TE ALL E X E CUT E
1
2
3
4
5
6
DE L E T E ALL ?
NO
YES
SE L ECT S E T
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
NORMA L
Digital Still Camera Features
DELETE ALL? indicator
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04.3.12, 8:01 AM
Digital Still Camera Features
Playback
4
Print Order
Available mode:
Card Playback
Press l or m to select “PRI.
SELECT”, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
• The PRINT indicator appears.
The print order function allows you to add
print information called DPOF to still images
recorded on a card.
About DPOF
Note:
• You can print an image even if no print order
has been assigned.
3
4
5
6
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
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S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
PRINT indicator
5
Press j, k, l or m to select the
image to which you want to assign a
print order.
6
Press the centre of the Operation
button, then press l or m to select
the number of printouts.
• 1 through 99 can be set for the
number of printouts.
Assigning Print Order to an
Image
1
In Card Playback mode, press the
MENU button to display the menu
screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select S, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Digital Still Camera Features
2
PR I NT
DPOF (Digital Printing Order Format)
defines the print information for the specific
images and number of each image on
memory cards. In the near future you will be
able to easily make prints on a DPOFcompatible printer or order copies at your
local print shop.
3
1
Press l or m to select “PRI.
ORDER”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
1
2
3
4
5
6
PR I NT
1
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
PAGE 1 / 2
NORMA L
SE T
P R I N T NUMB E R
Number of printouts
7
Press the centre of the Operation
button to set the print order.
• The M indicator appears.
M indicator
P L AY BACK SE T
S L I D E S HOW
PR I . SEL ECT
P R I . O RD E R
R E T U RN
PR I . AL L
P R I . NON E
R E T U RN
1
2
4
5
P
3
6
PR I NT
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
PAGE 1 / 2
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S E T [ D I S P L A Y ] : C AN C E L
• If you want to assign another print
order, repeat steps 5 to 7.
8
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VL-Z400S-GB-076-089
80
Press the MENU button to finish the
setting.
04.3.12, 8:02 AM
To cancel the print order for an image
1
Select the image for cancelling out of
print order in step 5 above, then press
the centre of the Operation button.
2
Press l to select “0”, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Note:
• A warning indicator appears when the
print order is set to more than 999
images. To turn off the warning
indicator, press the Operation button.
3
• The M indicator disappears.
• The M indicators appear, and each
image is set to 1 print out.
• To cancel the setting, select “NO”.
M indicator
1
2
4
5
PR I NT
0
6
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
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SE T
P R I N T NUMB E R
1
2
3
4
5
6
PR I NT
3
3
P
To cancel the print order for all
images
1
Perform steps 1 to 3 in “Assigning
Print Order to an Image”.
2
Press l or m to select “PRI. NONE”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button to cancel the print order for all
images.
P L AY BACK SE T
S L I D E S HOW
PR I . SEL ECT
P R I . ORDE R
PR I . AL L
R E T U RN
P R I . NON E
R E T U RN
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
Press the MENU button to finish the
setting.
Assigning Print Order to All
Images
Perform steps 1 to 3 in “Assigning
Print Order to an Image”.
2
Press l or m to select “PRI. ALL”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
P L AY BACK SE T
S L I D E S HOW
PR I . SEL ECT
P R I . O RD E R
R E T U RN
PR I . AL L
P R I . NON E
R E T U RN
4
PR I N T ALL ?
NO
YES
SE L ECT S E T
VL-Z400S-GB-076-089
5
P
4
P
5
P R I N T NON E ?
NO
YES
SE L ECT S E T
3
P
6
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
NORMA L
Digital Still Camera Features
1
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
• The M indicators are turned off.
• To cancel the setting, select “NO”.
6
1 0 0- 0 0 0 1
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Digital Still Camera Features
Playback
6
Direct Print
Available modes:
Card Playback
D I R E C T PR I N T
When you connect the camcorder to a
Seiko Epson’s Direct Print compatible
printer, you can print out the recorded still
image directly from the printer without
computer.
CHE C K THE PR I N T E R
SE T T I NGS.
START ?
NO
YES
Preparation
SE L ECT
Turn on the printer.
1
2
7
Make sure that the Power switch is
set to OFF.
Connect the camcorder to the printer
with the supplied USB cable.
3
Set the Media Selection switch to u,
then hold down the Lock button and
set the Power switch to w.
4
In Card Playback mode, press the
DISPLAY/MODE SET button until the
mode screen appears.
5
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select “DIRECT PRI”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
P I C. EF F ECT
D E L E T E ONE
DE LE TE ALL
D I RE C T PR I E X E CUT E
Digital Still Camera Features
Press m to select the number of
printouts, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
• Printing begins.
• To cancel the setting, select “NO”.
Notes:
• “INK ERROR” appears when the ink of the
printer connected to the camcorder is low.
Check the remaining of the printing ink.
• The top and bottom of an image may be
cropped depending on the paper size. In this
case, set the crop setting of the printer to off.
See the printer's operation manual for the
details.
• When connecting the camcorder to a printer,
“CHECK THE PRINTER SETTINGS.” may
appear. In this case, disconnect and connect
the USB cable before or after printing. If the
message still appears, turn off and on the
printer.
This product supports PRINT Image
Matching K. When used in combination,
PRINT Image Matching K enabled digital
still cameras, printers and software, help
photographers to produce images more
faithful to their intentions.
PRINT Image Matching is a trademark of
Seiko Epson Corporation.
S E T NO . 1
R E T UR N
SE T
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SE T
About PRINT Image Matching L
D I R E C T PR I N T
SE L ECT
R E T UR N
04.3.12, 8:02 AM
Transferring Data on Card to Computer
To transfer data from the card, first install the software from the supplied CD-ROM.
The CD-ROM includes “USB Driver”, “PixLab Media Browser” and other related files.
• “USB Driver” is the software that transfers images from the camcorder when connecting to the
PC with the supplied USB cable.
• “PixLab Media Browser” is the software that can copy image files to the computer or can
display the files like the way you do with Windows Explorer.
System Requirements
• Operating systems
— Microsoftb Windowsb XP Home Edition/Professional
— Microsoftb Windowsb 2000 Professional
— Microsoftb Windowsb Me
— Microsoftb Windowsb 98 Second Edition
• 266 MHz or higher MMX Pentium-compatible CPU*1 (Pentiumb K 266 MHz or higher recommended)
(When using Windowsb XP: Pentiumb K 300 MHz or higher)
• 64 MB or more of RAM*1 (128 MB or more recommended) for Windowsb 98 or Windowsb Me
128 MB or more of RAM*1 (256 MB or more recommended) for Windowsb 2000 or Windowsb XP
• USB terminal
• CD-ROM drive (for installation)
• Mouse or other pointing device
• 800K600 pixels or more resolution and 16,777,216 colours (24 bit) or more screen display
(recommended)
• DirectXb 8 or later-compatible video card*2
• SoundBlaster or SoundBlaster-compatible sound card*1, compatible with DirectXb 8 or later
required*2
• Software: Microsoftb Internet Explorer 5.5 or 6.0 (typical or full install)
Microsoftb Windows Media/ Format 7.1/DirectXb 8.1*3
• Approx. 70 MB or more hard disk for installing USB Driver, PixLab Media Browser, Microsoftb
DirectXb 8.1, Microsoftb Windows Media/ Format 7.1
*1 Depending on the computer’s performance and capacity, this software may not provide the
expected performance (for example, operation may be extremely slow).
*2 Contact your computer’s manufacturer to find out if your video card is compatible with
DirectXb 8 or later.
*3 It will be installed if needed during the installation.
Digital Still Camera Features
Note:
• The USB driver is not compatible with Macintosh operating systems.
Trademarks
• Microsoft, Windows and Windows Media are either registered trademarks or
trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
• Adobe, Acrobat, Acrobat Reader and Adobe Reader are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
• DirectX is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation of the United States and is copyrighted.
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Digital Still Camera Features
Playback
Installing the USB Driver
For installing the USB driver in Windows XP or Windows 2000, you need to log in as the
system administrator.
1
Turn on the computer.
2
Insert the supplied CD-ROM containing the USB driver into the CD-ROM drive.
• Do not connect the camcorder to the computer with the USB cable at this point.
• The License Agreement/Install Key screen will display automatically.
Note:
• When the License Agreement/Install Key screen does not appear,
1 select “Run...” in Windows “start” menu, then
2 type “R:\SETUP.EXE”, and then click on the “OK” button.
• In the example above the CD-ROM drive letter is taken as “R:”. Select the correct drive
letter according to your operating environment.
3
After reading the License Agreement, enter the Install Key, mentioned on the cover
page, and then click the “Yes” button.
• The Setup screen will display automatically.
• The example screen shown is for Windows XP.
4
Click the “USB Driver” button.
• Welcome screen appears.
5
Click the “Next” button.
Digital Still Camera Features
• Information screen appears. Read information.
6
Click the “Next” button.
• Installation begins.
7
Confirm the message on the screen, and then click the “Finish” button to complete
the installation.
Note:
• If your computer gives you the option to restart, you may do so.
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8
9
Insert a card that contains recorded still images into camcorder.
Connect the camcorder to the computer with the supplied USB cable as shown
below.
• It is recommended to use the AC adapter as a power source for extended periods of
use.
• Connect the USB cable directly to the USB terminal of computer.
• To prevent malfunction, turn off the camcorder when you connect to the computer.
To USB terminal
USB cable (supplied)
To USB terminal
10
11
Set the Media Selection switch to u.
Hold down the Lock button and set the Power switch to w.
• Computer will recognize the camcorder automatically.
Note:
• If you restart computer after installing the USB driver, remove the CD-ROM and insert it again or
click the icon of the CD-ROM on computer’s screen.
12
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Digital Still Camera Features
Click the “PixLab Media Browser” button on the Setup screen, and then follow the
instructions as they appear on the screen until the installation is completed.
Digital Still Camera Features
Playback
Using the PDF Manual
Use of the installed “PixLab Media Browser” is explained in the PDF Operation Manual.
Installing Adobe Reader
Adobe Reader 6.0 (or Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 or later) is required for viewing the PDF
manual. If it is not installed on your PC, perform steps below to access Adobe homepage
and download it.
1
2
3
Insert the supplied CD-ROM.
4
Click “Adobe Reader homepage” (or “Adobe Systems Website”) in “Adobe Reader”
to access the homepage, then download Adobe Reader.
Click the “Open Readme file” button in the Setup screen.
Read the section “(3-8) Operation Manual” in “(3) Cautions on using PixLab”, then
click “To download the Reader follow the link on the next page”.
Opening the PDF Manual
Click on the Windows “start” button and click after moving the pointer to “All Programs”,
“PixLab Media Browser Ver4” and “PixLab Media Browser LE Operation Manual”.
• Adobe Reader 6.0 (or Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 or later) starts up and the PDF manual opens.
Note:
• If the PDF file does not open, Adobe Reader 6.0 (or Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 or later) may not
be properly installed. Refer to the steps of “Installing Adobe Reader” to check the installation
procedure.
Printing the PDF Manual
Digital Still Camera Features
Print out the PDF manual so that you can consult it whenever necessary.
1
2
3
Open the PDF manual.
Select “Print“ in the “File” menu.
Select your print settings, then click “OK”.
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Transferring the data on
Card to Computer
Disconnecting the USB
cable
Connecting the camcorder to the
computer
Windows Me/2000/XP
Connect the camcorder to the computer
with the supplied USB cable (see page
85).
1
2
Close PixLab Media Browser.
3
After the message “Safe To Remove
Hardware” appears, disconnect the
USB cable.
Transferring data
1
Turn on the computer, then connect
the camcorder with the supplied USB
cable.
2
Set the Media Selection switch to u,
then hold down the Lock button and
set the Power switch to w.
3
Double click the shortcut icon of
PixLab Browser Ver4.
4
Transfer data with PixLab Media
Browser.
• PixLab Media Browser will start up.
• For details about PixLab Media
Browser, refer to the online manual
and help.
Click the “Safely Remove Hardware”
(or “Unplug or Eject Hardware”) icon
that appears on the task bar, and
choose an applicable hard drive to
stop.
Note:
• See Windows Help for the procedure
of disconnecting USB cable in detail.
Windows 98
When data is not being transferred (the
indicator on LCD display stays still), rightclick on the disk drive icon, which appears
on explorer window, to eject the disk. After
that, disconnect the USB cable.
Caution on transferring data
Digital Still Camera Features
While transferring data, the transfer
indicator moves. Do not execute the
operations below.
• Disconnecting the USB cable
• Switching the power on/off
• Turning off the PC or setting it to Standby
• Removing the card
Transfer indicator
USB
T R A N SM I T T I N G
Note:
• In case of data transfer error, disconnect the
USB cable, then connect it again, or set the
Power switch to OFF, then set it to w again.
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Digital Still Camera Features
Playback
Image Folders and File
Names
Double-click the My Computer icon on the
PC and find a new drive called “Removable
Disk (F:)” (or other drive letter, depending
on your PC configuration). Still images
recorded using the camcorder are stored in
files and on a card as shown below.
DCIM • • • • • • Folder of still image files
100SHARP
Sub-folder of still
images
Serial number
(100 to 999)
DVC00001.JPG
DVC00002.JPG
Still
image
Digital Still Camera Features
Note:
• If you copy any data incompatible with this
camcorder to the card, the camcorder will not
be able to recognize it.
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Slide Show Playback
Available mode:
Card Playback
You can automatically play back consecutive still images recorded on a card at
intervals of 5 seconds. This is useful when
confirming the data recorded on a card.
1
Set the camcorder to Card Playback
mode.
2
Press j, k, l or m on the
Operation button to select the image
from which you want to begin slide
show playback.
4
Press l or m to select S, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
5
Press l or m to select “SLIDE
SHOW”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
• Beginning from the image selected in
step 2, the recorded images will
display in full-screen one after
another in order of recording.
P L AY BACK SE T
1
2
3
4
5
6
SL I DE SHOW EXE CUTE
P R I . O RD E R
R E T U RN
E XECUTE
S L I D E S HOW
1 0 0- 0 0 0 3
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FU
MULT
S E L E C T I MG F U
L L L MU
L T II
3
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
S T OP
• After playing back all the images on
the card once, slide show playback
automatically stops.
To stop slide show playback
Digital Still Camera Features
During slide show playback, press the
centre of the Operation button.
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Appendix
Appendix
5
Picture/Backlight
Adjustments
Note:
• When adjusting the colour, the picture on the
LCD monitor may differ from the picture
actually recorded. Do not change the colour
setting unless necessary. (This adjustment
only affects the monitor picture, not the
recorded image.)
Available modes:
All modes
If the picture is difficult to see due to
ambient light or other factors, adjust the
monitor picture settings.
Adjusting the Backlight
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select O, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “BACKLIGHT”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
Adjusting the Picture
1
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select O, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
LCD SE T
BACKL I GHT NORMAL
L C D B R I GH T –
L C D C O L OU R –
–
V F B R I GH T
R E T U RN
3
Appendix
4
LCD SE T
BA CK L I GHT
NO RMA L
L C D B R I GH T B R I GH T
L C D C O L OUR
V F B R I GH T
R E T U RN
+
+
+
Press l or m to select “LCD
BRIGHT”, “LCD COLOUR” or “VF
BRIGHT”, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
• The viewfinder turns on if you
select “VF BRIGHT”.
4
+
Brighter
LCD COL OUR –
Decrease
+
Increase
–
Darker
+
Brighter
VF B R I GH T
Press l or m to select “NORMAL” or
“BRIGHT”, then press the centre of
the Operation button.
BACKL I GHT
Press j or k to adjust the item to
the desired setting, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
LCD BR I GHT –
Darker
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
BR I GHT
NORMAL: For use indoors or under
moderate lighting conditions.
BRIGHT: For use outdoors under
strong lighting conditions, such
as bright daylight.
5
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
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Turning off the
Confirmation Sound
Available modes:
All modes
A confirmation sound is made when you
turn on or off the Power switch, press the
Record Start/Stop button, or perform other
designated operations. Use the procedure
below to turn off the confirmation sounds.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
Setting the
Camcorder to
Factory Presettings
Available modes:
All modes
You can set the camcorder to the factory
presettings in one operation.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
1
Press the MENU button to display the
menu screen.
2
2
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Z, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Z, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
3
Press l or m to select “DEFAULT”,
then press the centre of the Operation
button.
3
Press l or m to select “BEEP”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NGUA G E
D EMO MO D E
R E T U RN
4
DE FAUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NG UA G E
D EMO MO D E
R E T U RN
ON
OF F
Press l or m to select “OFF”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
BE E P
5
OTHE RS 1
DE F A U L T
R E T UR N T O P RE S E T T I N G S
E X C E P T C E R T A I N I T EMS .
OFF
NO
YES
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
To turn on the confirmation sound
SEL ECT
SET
Press l or m to select “YES”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
• To cancel the setting, select “NO”.
5
Press the MENU button to turn off the
menu screen.
Note:
• Even when you perform the steps above, the
clock and language settings will remain in the
camcorder’s memory.
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Appendix
4
Select “ON” in step 4 above.
Note:
• If you select “OFF”, the focus confirmation
sound in Card Camera mode will turn off.
E XECUT E
ON
ON
E NG L I SH
OF F
Appendix
Demonstration Mode
5
Available modes:
Tape Camera, Card Camera
Press l or m to select “ON”, then
press the centre of the Operation
button.
DEMO MODE
You can watch a brief demonstration of the
special camcorder features in Demo mode.
If the demonstration appears on the screen
when you turn on the camcorder for the first
time, cancel the Demo mode to use your
camcorder.
Watching
6
ON
Set the Power switch to OFF, then
hold down the Lock button and set
the Power switch to v.
• The demonstration begins.
Cancelling
1
During the demonstration, press the
centre of the Operation button to
pause the demonstration.
Perform step 2 to 4 in “Watching”,
then select “OFF” in step 5.
• The example screens shown are for Tape
Camera mode.
1
Remove the Mini DV cassette from
the camcorder (see page 10).
2
2
In Tape Camera mode or Card
Camera mode, press the MENU
button to display the menu screen.
3
Press l or m on the Operation
button to select Z, then press the
centre of the Operation button.
4
Notes:
• The demonstration will pause if you press the
centre of the Operation button. If you leave it
for 60 seconds, or turn the power off
temporarily and then set the Power switch to
v, the demonstration will begin again.
• Demonstration mode does not work in self
recording with reversed grip.
Press l or m to select “DEMO
MODE”, then press the centre of the
Operation button.
OF F
ON
Appendix
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NGUA G E
D EMO MO D E
R E T U RN
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Useful Information
Hints for Better Shooting
• Position the subject in the centre of the
scene. When using auto focus, whatever
is in the centre of the scene is kept in
focus.
• Horizontal panning (lateral movement) and
tilting (vertical movement) should be done
slowly to emphasize the wide expanse of
a scene or the height of a building, and to
make scenes easy to watch during
playback.
• Use a wide-angle setting for fast-moving
subjects.
Note:
• It may take longer to focus when zooming
and panning are used frequently.
Position the
subject in the
centre.
Focus manually when
you need to position
the subject off centre
(see page 54).
Mini DV Cassette
• Avoid backlit subjects. For the best
picture, shoot with the light source behind
you.
When the background is brighter than the
subject, the subject often becomes too
dark. If you have to record in this lighting,
use Backlight Compensation or correct
the iris value to improve the picture (see
pages 35 and 58).
• Be sure to use only Mini DV cassettes with
the i mark.
• This camcorder can record and play back
using Mini DV cassettes with cassette
memory, but it cannot record or play back
this memory.
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;; ;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
Light from behind
Precautions when using a Mini DV
cassette
• To record in LP mode, use a Mini DV
cassette labelled for use with LP mode.
Backlighting
• Before zooming, think about how to best
frame the shot. Frequent zooming
produces unattractive pictures. It also runs
down the battery more quickly.
• Avoid placing the Mini DV cassette in
areas conducive to dust or mold.
• Do not place the Mini DV cassette near
magnetic sources such as electric clocks
or magnetic devices as this may adversely
affect recorded material.
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Appendix
• When image shaking is noticeable during
zoomed-in telephoto shooting, use a
tripod or push the Power Zoom control to
the W side to zoom out.
• Do not insert anything into the holes on the
bottom of the Mini DV cassette or block
them in any way.
Appendix
• When a previously recorded Mini DV
cassette is used again for recording, the
previously recorded material will be
automatically erased.
• The Mini DV cassette will not operate if
inserted in the wrong direction.
• Do not repeatedly insert and eject the Mini
DV cassette without running the tape as
this may cause uneven tape winding and
damage the tape.
• Do not place the Mini DV cassette in direct
sunlight, near strong heat sources, or in
areas with excessive steam.
• Store the Mini DV cassette in its case and
stand it in an upright position.
• If the tape is not properly wound, rewind
the tape.
• Do not drop the Mini DV cassette or
subject it to excessive shocks.
To protect recordings against
accidental erasure
Slide the protect tab on the rear of the Mini
DV cassette to the “SAVE” position.
Copyright Protection
The digital VCR has far superior recording
and playback ability than the traditional
analog VCR, and in order to protect digital
video software copyrights, a system for
managing copyrights has been established.
Some digital video recording with prerecorded copyright protection signals can still
be played back on this camcorder. If you
play a digital video recording that has a
copyright protection signal on video
equipment with a DV terminal and attempt
to record a copy of that software on this
camcorder, “COPYRIGHT PROTECTED.”
appears on the screen and the recording is
disabled.
This product incorporates copyright
protection technology that is protected
by method claims of certain U.S. patents
and other intellectual property rights
owned by Macrovision Corporation and
other rights owners. Use of this copyright
protection technology must be authorized by Macrovision Corporation, and is
intended for home and other limited
viewing uses only unless otherwise
authorized by Macrovision Corporation.
Reverse engineering or disassembly is
prohibited.
Erasure protect tab
To record over a previously recorded tape,
slide the protect tab to the “REC” position.
About a tape recorded with highdefinition camcorder
Appendix
This camcorder cannot play back a tape
recorded with high-definition camcorder. If
such a tape is played back, the screen
becomes blue and the warning indicator,
“NOT RECORDED ON DV FORMAT”, will
appear.
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SD\ Memory Card and
MultiMediaCard\
SD (Secure Digital) Memory Cards and
MultiMediaCards are small, handy and flexible
storage media used in a variety of mobile
applications. They are one of the smallest
memory solutions available on the market.
This camcorder uses either an SD Memory
Card or a MultiMediaCard. It cannot use a
SmartMedia/ card or Memory Stickb.
SD/ Memory Card
SmartMedia\ card
MultiMediaCard/
Memory Stickb media
• An SD Memory Card has more advanced
features than a MultiMediaCard, including
cryptographic security for copyrighted
data and a selectable mechanical writeprotect switch.
• The card slot on this camcorder is compatible with an SD Memory Card or
MultiMediaCard.
• An SD Memory Card and a
MultiMediaCard are cross-compatible.
Data stored on one can be easily
transferred to the other.
Note:
• This camcorder is verified to work properly
with the following card memory types.
—SD Memory Card: 128 MB or less
—MultiMediaCard: 64 MB or less
Below are some precautions to ensure a
long life and perfect performance from your
SD Memory Card (SDMC) or
MultiMediaCard (MMC). Information specific
to one card is attached with the card’s
acronym (either SDMC or MMC).
• Be sure to insert the card in the correct
direction. Do not try to force the card in.
• Store the card in its antistatic plastic case
when not in use.
• Do not disassemble or modify the card.
• Do not strike, bend or drop the card.
• Do not allow the card to become wet.
• Do not peel off the card label.
• Do not attach other labels or stickers to the
card.
• Do not expose to extreme heat sources (e.g.
sunlight, heating appliances).
• Do not store in a highly humid or dusty place.
• Do not store in a place exposed to corrosive
gas.
• Do not use in a place exposed to strong
electromagnetism.
Protecting your images
• Select the write-protect switch on the exterior
card casing to protect your images. (SDMC)
• Do not power off any devices while transferring data, as this may destroy the data.
• Back up your image data often to a hard disk
or other permanent storage media.
• Be aware that formatting will erase all image
data stored on the card.
Note:
• Sharp Corporation cannot be held liable
for data that is lost through improper
handling of the storage media.
Cleaning
• Be careful not to allow dirt and finger grime
buildup around the card contacts.
• Be careful about static electricity, which can
suddenly erase data.
• If you notice dirt or static electricity, clean the
card with a soft, dry cloth.
Condensation
• Be careful about condensation forming on the
card surface, which can cause malfunction.
• If you notice beads of water on the card,
allow it to evaporate and dry naturally.
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Appendix
Removable Storage Care
Precautions
Appendix
Battery Pack
Storage
This camcorder uses a lithium-ion type
battery pack.
Charging
• Charge the battery pack immediately (or a
day) before use. The battery pack
gradually self-discharges even if stored in
a fully charged state.
• Charge the battery pack between 10°C
and 30°C.
• Fully charge the battery pack. Use of an
insufficiently charged battery pack will
shorten actual time of use.
• Refresh (discharging before charging) is
unnecessary.
Use
• To conserve battery power, be sure to turn
off the camcorder power when not in use.
• Battery consumption may vary depending
on the condition of use. Recording with
many starts and stops, frequent zooming,
and recording in low temperatures will
shorten actual recording times.
• Use of a weak battery pack may cause
loss of power while operating the
camcorder. Use a fully charged battery
pack to protect both the battery pack and
the unit.
Appendix
• It is recommended that you have enough
battery packs on hand to handle two or
three times your estimated recording time.
See page 23 for the approximate times of
actual recording for the battery packs.
Battery power is consumed even when
the camcorder power is turned off. If you
are not going to use your camcorder
immediately, remove the battery pack
(see page 7).
• Store the battery pack in a fully discharged state.
• Store the battery pack in a dry, cool place.
• When storing the battery pack, put it in the
original protective plastic bag.
Notes:
• Improper handling of the battery pack may
present a risk of fire or explosion. Pay close
attention to the following:
— Do not allow metallic objects to come in
contact with the terminals. This can
cause a short circuit.
— Do not attempt to disassemble or repair
the battery pack.
— Do not use any battery charging
equipment other than that designed for
use with these battery packs.
— Do not place the battery pack under
direct sunlight or in excessively hot
places (over 60°C) such as the
dashboard of cars.
— Do not expose the battery pack to
moisture or water.
— Do not drop the battery pack or subject
it to strong force.
— Keep the battery pack out of reach of
children.
— Dispose of used battery packs
promptly. Do not dispose of them in fire.
• To protect the terminals, put the cover on the
battery pack when it is not in use.
• The battery pack will become warm during
charging and use. This is not a malfunction.
• The battery pack has a limited service life. If
the period of use becomes noticeably shorter
with a normal charge, the battery pack is at
the end of its service life. Replace it with a new
battery pack.
• If the terminals of the battery pack are dirty,
wipe the terminals with a soft, dry cloth.
Note:
• Use only SHARP BT-L227 battery packs.
These are designed specifically for use with
this camcorder.
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Cleaning
Extending battery pack life
Even when the battery pack is not used, the
capacity of the battery pack will naturally
deteriorate over time. To limit the deterioration of the capacity, it is recommended to
perform the following procedure at least
once every six months:
1 Charge the battery pack until the
POWER/CHARGE (RED) indicator turns
off.
2 Attach the battery pack to the
camcorder, and set the Power switch to
v without inserting a cassette and turn
off the power save mode. Allow the
battery power to fully discharge by
leaving it on the camcorder until the
camcorder power automatically turns
off.
3 Remove the battery pack and store it
between 10°C and 20°C.
• Many plastic parts are used in the
camcorder casing. Do not use thinner,
benzene or other strong chemical
cleaners. These may cause discolouration
and damage to the casing.
• Clean the casing with a soft, dry cloth. If
the casing is particularly dirty, wipe the
casing with a tightly wrung cloth dampened with a diluted, neutral detergent.
Then wipe it again with a soft, dry cloth.
• Use a soft cloth to wipe finger marks and
other smudges off the LCD screen.
• Use a soft cloth, or compressed air and
lens paper designed for photographic
lenses to clean the lens.
• Pull out the viewfinder and open the
window cleaning cover as shown below so
that you can clean up the inside of the
viewfinder with a camera blower.
AC Adapter
• The AC adapter may interfere with
reception if used near a radio.
• Prevent flammables, liquids, and metal
objects from entering the adapter.
• The adapter is a sealed unit. Do not
attempt to open or modify it.
• Do not damage, drop, or subject the
adapter to vibration.
• Do not leave the adapter in direct sunlight.
Window
cleaning cover
• Avoid using the adapter in humid or
extremely hot places.
Replacing the Fluorescent
Lamp
Note:
• After cleaning, close the window cleaning
cover securely. Closing the viewfinder with
the window cleaning cover opened may
cause malfunction.
Appendix
This camcorder uses a fluorescent lamp to
backlight the LCD monitor. If the monitor
becomes dark or difficult to view, the
fluorescent lamp may need to be replaced.
Contact the nearest SHARP service centre
or your dealer for further advice.
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Appendix
Using Your Camcorder
Abroad
Television signal standards and electrical
voltages and frequencies vary substantially
from country to country. When you are
abroad, check the sections below before
using the AC adapter or connecting the
camcorder to a TV.
AC Adapter (Supplied Accessory)
The supplied AC adapter is compatible with
50 Hz and 60 Hz electrical systems in the
range of 110 V to 240 V AC.
Television Signal Standards
Appendix
In any country, you can always watch the
video picture by using the LCD monitor
screen. However, if you want to watch the
picture on a TV screen, the TV must be PAL
system compatible. PAL is used in the
following areas:
Germany, United Kingdom, Ireland,
Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Belgium,
Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Holland, Finland,
Portugal, Norway, Hong Kong, Thailand,
Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Kuwait,
China, etc.
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Troubleshooting
Before calling for service, please check the following troubleshooting table.
Symptom
Power
No power.
Camera mode
The Record Start/
Stop button does not
work.
Possible cause
Suggested solution
Power source is not properly connected.
Connect power source properly
(pp. 6, 9).
Battery pack is not charged.
Charge battery pack sufficiently
(p. 8).
Dew in camcorder.
Wait until dew dries (p. vii).
Safety function is in effect.
Set the Power switch to OFF and remove battery pack. Wait for 2 seconds, then reinstall battery pack
and turn on power (pp. 6, 7).
Erasure-protect tab on video cassette is open.
Close tab or use a new cassette
(p. 94).
Power suddenly turns POWER SAVE menu item is set to
off.
“5 MIN” or “10 MIN”.
Set the POWER SAVE menu item to
“OFF” (p. 42).
Auto focus does not
work.
Manual Focus mode is engaged.
Set to Auto Focus mode (p. 55).
Zoom used on close subject.
Zoom out from subject (p. 24).
Subject has little contrast in brightness, or is full of horizontal or vertical stripes.
Focus manually (p. 54).
Bright subject produces wide vertical
lines.
Occurs when shooting subject with
strong contrast to the background.
Does not indicate a malfunction.
Display automatically
changes in Camera
mode.
Camcorder is in Demo mode.
——
Set the DEMO MODE menu item to
“OFF” (p. 92).
Appendix
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Appendix
Symptom
No image appears
on connected TV
screen.
Possible cause
Suggested solution
Video input channel on TV or TV
channel is not selected properly.
Select video input channel or TV
channel properly (p. 31).
Audio/video/S-video cable is not
properly connected.
Connect audio/video/S-video cable
properly (p. 31).
Cannot rewind or fast Position at beginning or end of tape. Rewind or fast forward tape to desired point (p. 29).
forward tape.
Using a cleaning tape
Old or worn tape.
Call for service or use a commercially available cleaning tape (p.
viii).
Use a new cassette.
No sound.
Set the AUDIO menu item to “AUUsing a 12-bit recording tape with
AUDIO menu item set to “AUDIO 2”. DIO 1” or “AUDIO 1L2” (p. 67).
Tape does not work.
Power switch is set to Camera
mode.
Set the Power switch to Playback
mode (p. 22).
Media Selection switch is set to
Card mode.
Set the Media Selection switch to
Tape mode (p. 22).
Battery pack is depleted.
Charge battery pack or replace it
with a fully charged one (pp. 6–8).
Still images in Card
mode are rotated
180° upside down.
The images are recorded in self recording with reversed grip.
Transfer the data to PC (pp. 83–88),
and rotate the images 180° back by
using a commercially available editing software.
Motion images are
rotated 180° upside
down.
Improper self recording.
Turn on Rotate Playback (p. 51).
Appendix
Playback mode
Video noise in image. Dirty video heads.
The cleaning tape will automatically
rewind after cleaning finishes (p.
viii).
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Card mode
Symptom
Possible cause
Cannot delete image Image is delete-protected.
on card.
——
Cannot format card.
Battery pack is easily Using camcorder in extremely cold
environment.
depleted.
Clock has been reset.
General
Cassette will not
eject.
Suggested solution
Cancel the protection setting (p.
77).
Contact your dealer for advice.
Warm up battery pack, for example
in your pocket, just before using it.
Battery pack is not fully charged.
Charge battery pack sufficiently (p.
8).
Lithium battery is not properly installed.
Install lithium battery properly (p.
12).
Lithium battery is depleted.
Replace new lithium battery (p. 12).
Power source is not properly connected.
Connect power source properly
(pp. 6, 9).
Battery pack is not charged.
Charge battery pack sufficiently
(p. 8).
Camcorder is recording.
Stop recording and try again (p. 24).
No image on monitor. Backlight has been turned off.
Turn on backlight (p. 25).
Fluorescent lamp has burned out.
Call for service.
Viewfinder dioptre is not properly
adjusted.
Adjust dioptre (p. 19).
Inappropriate picture adjustments.
Adjust picture (p. 90).
Monitor picture is
hard to see.
Inappropriate picture adjustments.
Adjust picture (p. 90).
POWER/CHARGE
(RED) indicator
flashes in red when
charging battery
pack.
AC adapter or battery pack may
have malfunctioned.
Call for service.
Cannot edit to connected VCR.
Audio/video/S-video cable is not
properly connected.
Connect audio/video/S-video cable
properly (p. 65).
Viewfinder picture is
hard to see.
Appendix
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Appendix
General
Symptom
“E007” is displayed
on the screen, and
unable to operate
normally.
Possible cause
The camcorder may be damaged.
Suggested solution
Do not take out a cassette, and call
for service.
Appendix
Notes:
• This unit is equipped with a microprocessor. Its performance could be adversely affected by
external electrical noise or interference. If this should happen, turn off the power and disconnect
the unit from any power sources, including the lithium battery, etc. Then reconnect the power
sources to resume operation.
• If the characters displayed in the viewfinder or on the LCD monitor screen appear to malfunction, disconnect the power source and remove the lithium battery, then reconnect the power
source, insert the lithium battery, and turn the power on again. The characters on the monitor
should be normal. Set the date and time, then resume operation.
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Specifications
Camcorder
Signal System:
Recording System:
Cassette:
Recording/Playback Time:
Tape Speed:
Pickup Device:
Lens:
Lens Filter Diameter:
Monitor:
Viewfinder:
Built-in microphone:
Colour Temperature Compensation:
Minimum Illumination:
Still Image Compression System:
Still Image Recording Format:
USB terminal:
DV terminal:
Still Image Recording Medium:
Power Requirement:
Power Consumption:
Operating Temperature:
Operating Humidity:
Storage Temperature:
Dimensions (WKHKD) (approx.):
Weight (approx.):
PAL standard
2 rotary heads, helical scanning system
Digital VCR Mini DV video cassette
90 minutes (DVM60, LP mode)
SP mode: 18.831 mm/second
LP mode: 12.568 mm/second
1
⁄6" (4.2 mm, effective size: 3.0 mm) CCD image sensor
(with approx. 800,000 pixels including optical black,
effective pixels: 414,000 pixels)
10K optical zoom lens (F1.8, f=3.8–38.0 mm)
30 mm
2.5" (6.4 cm) CGSilicon
0.16" LCD panel (with 113,578 pixels), slide type
Electret stereo microphone
Auto white balance with white balance lock, outdoor or
indoor
2 lux* (with gain-up, F1.8)
JPEG base line conformance
JPEG (Exif2.2)
Mini-B type connector (USB 1.1 version)
4 pin connector (i.LINK)
SD Memory Card, MultiMediaCard
DC 7.4 V
3.4 W (during camera recording in Tape Camera mode
using the viewfinder in Full Auto mode with the DIS
function on)
4.0 W (during camera recording in Tape Camera mode
using the LCD monitor in Full Auto mode with the DIS
function on and backlight in normal mode)
0°C to L40°C
30% to 80%
+20°C to L60°C
82.9 mm K 82.2 mm K 100.8 mm
480 g (without battery pack, lithium battery, video
cassette, lens cap and card)
AC Adapter (UADP-A053WJZZ)
Power Requirement: AC 110–240 V, 50/60 Hz
DC Output: 10 V
Dimensions (WKHKD) (approx.): 49.0 mm K 27.5 mm K 79.0 mm
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
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Appendix
*Minimum illumination: Since there is no widely accepted testing procedure for determining
minimum illumination capability, lux ratings are comparable only between
models from the same manufacturer.
Appendix
On-screen Display Index
MENU button
Tape Camera mode
PA US E
p. 27
p. 40
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
p. 61
p. 26
AU TO
3 0min
2. 6. 200 5
10:30
MENU button
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
Menu screens
PA US E
M A NU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
AU TO
3 0min
SE L E CT
SET
Mode screens
p. 55
p. 54
p. 55
pp. 35, 36
p. 37
p. 62
p. 63
M A NUAL S E T
F OC US
A U T O F OC US
BLC / GA I N
FADE
SC E N E M E NU
P I C. E F FEC T
S E T T I NG 1
QK . R E T URN
W I D E MOD E
D G T L Z O OM
TAPE SPEE D
RE T URN
p. 38
p. 41
p. 34
p. 45
S E T T I NG 2
DIS
A U D I O MO D E
W I ND
PHON E S V O L
R E T URN
p. 40
p. 46
p. 47
p. 28
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NGUA G E
DEMO MO D E
R E T URN
p. 91
p. 48
p. 91
p. 14
p. 92
O T H E RS 2
POW E R S A V E
T I ME C O D E
T C OUT
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T URN
p. 42
p. 64
p. 64
p. 16
p. 49
p. 15
LCD SE T
BA CK L I GHT
L C D B R I GH T
L C D C O L O UR
V F B R I GH T
R E T U RN
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
Appendix
PA US E
104
VL-Z400S-GB-099-109
104
04.3.12, 8:03 AM
Tape Playback mode
p. 27
AUDIO1 + 2
p. 67
PLAY
MENU button
STOP
2. 6. 200 5
10:30
FF
Menu screens
R EW
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
AUDIO1 + 2
P I C . E FFECT OF F
AUD I O DUB
S TRE TCH P B
SE L E CT
SET
Mode screens
p. 50
p. 69
p. 53
P I C. EF F ECT
AUD I O DUB
STRETCH PB
P L AY BACK SE T
ROTA T E PB
AUD I O
R E T U RN
p. 51
p. 67
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NGU A G E
R E T U RN
p. 91
p. 48
p. 91
p. 14
OTHE RS 2
POW E R S A V E
T I ME C O D E
T C OU T
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T U RN
p. 42
p. 64
p. 64
p. 16
p. 49
p. 15
LCD SE T
BA CK L I GHT
L C D B R I GH T
L C D C O L OUR
V F B R I GH T
R E T U RN
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
Appendix
105
VL-Z400S-GB-099-109
105
04.3.12, 8:03 AM
Appendix
MENU button
Card Camera mode
p. 27
10/ 80
NORMA L
p. 70
p. 71
p. 61
AU TO
DISPLAY/MODE Operation button
SET button
2. 6. 200 5
10:30
MENU button
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
10/ 80
M A NU A L S E T E X E C U T E
F OCUS
AUTO F OCUS
BLC / GA I N
Menu screens
AU TO
SE L E CT
SET
Mode screens
M A NU AL S E T
F O C US
A U T O F O C US
BLC / GA I N
S E L F T I ME R
SC E N E M E N U
Appendix
p. 55
p. 54
p. 55
pp. 35, 36
p. 73
p. 62
S E T T I NG
F I L E NO.
S E L F T I ME R
RE C MO D E
R E T URN
p. 75
p. 72
p. 71
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NG UA G E
D EMO MO D E
R E T U RN
p. 91
p. 48
p. 91
O T H E RS 2
F ORMA T
POW E R S A V E
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T UR N
p. 74
p. 42
p. 16
p. 49
p. 15
LCD SE T
BA CK L I GHT
L C D B R I GH T
L C D C O L OUR
V F B R I GH T
R E T U RN
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
p. 14
p. 92
106
VL-Z400S-GB-099-109
106
04.3.12, 8:03 AM
Card Playback mode
7
10 0 -0 01 0
10 / 1 0
NORMA L
Operation
button
8
10
p. 76
S E L E C T I MG
F UL L
MULT I
9
p. 76
1 0 0- 0 0 1 0
PAGE 2 / 2
NORMA L
S E L E C T I MG F U L L MULT I
DISPLAY/MODE SET button
MENU button
10 0 -0 01 0
10/ 1 0
F U L L MULTI E X E C U T E
P I C. EF F ECT
D E L E T E ON E
DE L E T E A L L
SE L E CT
SET
Mode screens
p. 76
p. 50
p. 78
p. 79
p. 82
p. 77
F U L L MULTI
P I C. EF F ECT
D E L E T E ON E
DE L E T E A L L
D I RE C T PR I
P RO T E C T
Menu screens
P L AY BACK SE T
S L I D E S HOW
P R I . O RD E R
R E T U RN
p. 89
pp. 80, 81
OTHE RS 1
DE F AUL T
R EMO T E
BEEP
L A NG UA G E
R E T U RN
p. 91
p. 48
p. 91
p. 14
O T H E RS 2
F ORMA T
POW E R S A V E
12H / 24H
DA T E D I S P .
S E T T I NG
R E T UR N
p. 74
p. 42
p. 16
p. 49
p. 15
LCD SE T
BA CK L I GHT
L C D B R I GH T
L C D C O L O UR
V F B R I GH T
R E T U RN
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
p. 90
Appendix
107
VL-Z400S-GB-099-109
107
04.3.12, 8:03 AM
Appendix
Index
A
E
AC adapter ....................................... 8, 9
Audio dubbing .............................. 68, 69
Audio playback mode ......................... 67
Audio recording mode ........................ 46
Auto focus ........................................... 26
AV terminal .................................... 31, 65
Earphones jack ................................... 28
Edit search .......................................... 39
Erasure protect tab ............................. 94
B
Backlight ....................................... 25, 90
Backlight compensation (BLC) ........... 35
Battery release ................................ 7, 12
Battery pack .......................... 6, 7, 96, 97
Beep ................................................... 91
F
Fade ....................................................
Format .................................................
Full Auto ..............................................
Full screen ...........................................
37
74
61
76
G
Gain .................................................... 59
Gain-up ............................................... 36
C
H
Card .................................................... 11
Card playback .................................... 76
Card slot cover .................................... 11
Charging ............................................... 8
Conversion lens .................................. 18
Hand grip ............................................ 17
Hand strap .......................................... 17
D
Information display ............................. 32
Iris ....................................................... 58
L
LCD bright .......................................... 90
LCD colour .......................................... 90
LCD LAMP button ............................... 25
LCD monitor ........................................ 20
Lens cap ............................................. 16
Lithium battery .............................. 12, 13
LP mode .............................................. 45
Appendix
Date and time ..................................... 49
Default ................................................. 91
Delete ............................................ 78, 79
Demo mode ........................................ 92
Digital zoom ........................................ 34
Dioptre adjustment dial ....................... 19
Direct Print .......................................... 82
DIS ...................................................... 40
DISPLAY/MODE SET button ................ 32
DPOF .................................................. 80
DV terminal ......................................... 66
I
108
VL-Z400S-GB-099-109
108
04.3.12, 8:03 AM
VL-Z400S-CE1; 04/3/12/18:00
M
S
Manual focus ...................................... 54
Manual setting .................................... 55
Media Selection switch ....................... 22
MENU button ...................................... 33
Menu screen ....................................... 33
Mini DV cassette ....................... 10, 93, 94
Mode screen ....................................... 32
MultiMediaCard ................................... 95
Scene menu ........................................ 62
SD Memory Card ................................ 95
Self recording ................................ 43, 44
Self timer ....................................... 72, 73
Shutter speed ............................... 60, 61
Slide show playback ........................... 89
SP mode ............................................. 45
STANDBY button ................................. 25
Still recording ...................................... 39
Stretch playback ................................. 53
O
Operation button ................................. 32
P
Part names ......................................... 1-3
Phones volume ................................... 28
PHOTO button ........................ 39, 52, 70
Photo copy .......................................... 52
Picture effect ....................................... 63
Picture effect playback ....................... 50
Picture quality ..................................... 71
PixLab Media Browser ................... 83-87
POWER CHARGE (RED) indicator .... 8, 9, 23
Power save mode ............................... 42
Power standby mode .......................... 25
Power switch ....................................... 22
Power Zoom control ............................ 24
PRINT Image Matching K .................... 82
Print indicator ................................ 80, 81
Protect ................................................. 77
Q
Quick Return ....................................... 38
R
Tape playback .................................... 29
Tape speed ......................................... 45
Terminal cover ....................................... 2
Thumbnail screen ............................... 76
Time Code .......................................... 64
U
USB terminal ....................................... 85
V
VF bright ............................................. 90
Video search ....................................... 30
Viewfinder ..................................... 18, 19
Volume control .................................... 30
W
Warning indicator .............................. 4, 5
White balance ............................... 56, 57
Wide mode .......................................... 41
Windbreak ........................................... 47
Window cleaning cover ...................... 97
Write-protect switch ............................ 11
Z
Zoom ................................................... 24
Appendix
Record Start/Stop button .................... 23
Recording Standby mode ............. 23, 24
Recording time .................................... 23
Remote control .................................... 48
Rotate playback .................................. 51
T
109
VL-Z400S-Cover1; 04/4/15/18:00
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY CAMCORDER
VL-Z400S
-T
OPERATION MANUAL
SHARP CORPORATION
Printed on 100% post-consumer recycled paper.
Printed in Malaysia
TINSLA123WJN1
04P03-M-G
PixLab Install Key
H2732778 — 6848310