Century 934.205592 Specifications

SEARS
CRRFTSMRN
Operator's Guide
WIRE FEED
MIG WELDER
•
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•
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WARRANTY
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY SUMMARY
SPECIFICATIONS
INSTALLATION
OPERATION
MAINTENANCE
SCHEMATIC
WIRING DIAGRAM
REPLACEMENT
PARTS
Model No.
934.205592
CAUTION:
Read and follow
all Safety Rules and
Operating Instructions before
First Use of this Product.
Sears, Roebuck
and Co., Hoffman
811-642-000
2001
September
Estates,
IL 60179 USA
On Welding Gun or Cables, Welder, and Welder's Transformer
Full One Year Warranty for Craftsman
Welding Gun or Cables. For one year
from the date of purchase, when the
welding gun or cables are operated and
maintained according to the owner's
manual instructions, if the welding gun
or cables fail due to a defect in material
or workmanship, Sears will repair or
replace the welding gun or cables free of
charge. This warranty does not cover
parts consumed in normal operation,
such as contact tips, nozzles, gun liners,
and drive rollers.
Full Three Year Warranty on Craftsman
Welder For three years from the date of
purchase, when the welder is operated
and maintained according to the owner's
manual instructions, if the welder fails
due to a defect in material or
workmanship, Sears will repair or
replace the welder free of charge. This
warranty does not cover the welding
gun, cables, or normal consumable
parts.
WARRANTY SERVICE IS AVAILABLE
BY SIMPLY CONTACTING THE
NEAREST SEARS SERVICE CENTER.
This warranty applies only while this
product is in use in the United States.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
Sears Roebuck and Co., Dept. 817WA,
Hoffman Estates, IL 60179.
CRAFTSMAN FULL WARRANTY .........................................................
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS .........................................................................
3
INTRODUCTION
....................................................................................
4
SAFETY SUMMARY ...............................................................................
5
SAFETY INFORMATION ......................................................................
5
SHOCK HAZARDS .............................................................................
6
FIRE HAZARDS ..................................................................................
6
FLASH HAZARDS ..............................................................................
6
FUME HAZARDS ................................................................................
6
COMPRESSED GASSES AND EQUIPMENT HAZARDS .................. 6
BURN HAZARDS ................................................................................
7
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION ...............................................
7
WELDER SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................
8
DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................
8
WELDER OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
......................................
8
DUTY CYCLE .....................................................................................
8
INTERNAL THERMAL PROTECTION ..................................................
8
WELDER INSTALLATION
.....................................................................
9
POWER SOURCE CONNECTION .......................................................
9
POWER REQUIREMENTS .................................................................
9
CONNECT TO POWER SOURCE ......................................................
9
EXTENSION CORDS ..........................................................................
9
ASSEMBLING THE WELDER ...............................................................
9
UNPACKING THE WELDER ...............................................................
9
INSTALL THE GROUND CLAMP .......................................................
9
INSTALL THE TANK TRAY AND BRACKET ........................................
9
INSTALL THE SHIELDING GAS .......................................................
10
CHECK THE GAS FLOW ....................................................................
11
ALIGN AND SET THE DRIVE ROLLER .............................................
11
STANDARD DRIVE ROLLER ............................................................
11
INSTALL THE WELDING WIRE ..........................................................
12
SET THE WIRE DRIVE TENSION ......................................................
14
PREPARATION ....................................................................................
15
CHANGE POLARITY ........................................................................
15
OPERATION .........................................................................................
16
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS .........................................................
16
MAINTENANCE ....................................................................................
17
GENERAL ...........................................................................................
17
REPLACE A GUN LINER ..................................................................
17
MAINTAINING THE CONTACT TIP ..................................................
20
MAINTAINING THE NOZZLE ...........................................................
20
TESTING FOR A SHORTED NOZZLE ............................................
21
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .........................................................
21
TROUBLESHOOTING
........................................................................
21
WIRING DIAGRAM ...............................................................................
23
REPLACEMENT
PARTS LIST .............................................................
24
SCHEMATIC .........................................................................................
26
This Welder User's Guide provides
specific information about your wire
feed welder. It is to be used together
with the Welding Instruction Guide to
provide all of the information needed to
safely and effectively use your wire
feed welder. The information in this
book applies to your specific model of
wire feed welder and gives instruction
on set-up, installation, and actual use
of the welder.
Where information is shown that does
not necessarily apply to all models or
brands of welder, it will be marked as
either optional on some welder models
or does not apply to all models.
Every craftsman respects the tools with
which they work. They know that the
tools represent years of constantly
improved designs and developments.
The true craftsman also knows that tools
are dangerous if misused or abused.
Reading this Operator's Guide and the
Welding Instruction Guide before using
the welder will enable you to do a better,
safer job. Learn the welder's
applications and limitations as well as
the specific potential hazards peculiar to
welding.
SAFETY
INFORMATION
The following safety information is
provided as guidelines to help you
operate your new welder under the
safest possible conditions. Any
equipment that uses electrical power
can be potentially dangerous to use
when safety or safe handling instructions
are not known or not followed. The
following safety information is provided
to give you the information necessary for
safe use and operation.
When a procedure step is preceded by
a WARNING, it is an indication that the
step contains a procedure that might be
injurious to a person if proper safety
precautions are not heeded.
When a procedure step is preceded by
a CAUTION, it is an indication that the
step contains a procedure that might
damage the equipment being used.
A NOTE may be used before or after a
procedure step to highlight or explain
something in that step.
READ ALL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY before attempting to
install, operate, or service this welder.
Failure to comply with these instructions
could result In personal injury and/or
property damage.
RETAIN THESE INSTRUCTIONS
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
Note:
The followingsafety alert
symbols identify important
safety messages in this manual.
When you see one of the symbols
shown here, be alert to the possibility of
personal injury and carefully read the
message that follows.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of electric shock
hazard exists during the
operation of the step(s) that
follow.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of fire hazard exists
during the operation of the
step(s) that follow.
This symbol indicates that the
helmet must be worn during
the step(s) that follow to
protect against eye damage
and burns due to flash
hazard.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of toxic gas hazard
exists during operation of the
step(s) that follow.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of being burned by
hot slag exists during
operation of the step(s) that
follow.
This symbol indicates that the
eye protection should be worn
to protect against flying debris
in the following step(s).
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of injury or death
exists due to improper
handling and maintenance of
compressed gas cylinders or
regulators
Full explanations of the specific hazards
are shown in the WELDING
INSTRUCTION GUIDE. Make sure you
have read and understand all of the
information
beforeproceeding
withany FLASH HAZARDS
oftheinstructions
contained
inthis
user'sguide.
Published
standards
onsafetyare
available.
Theyarelistedin
WARNING
ADDITIONAL
SAFETY
INFORMATION
attheendofthisSAFETY
SUMMARY. ARC RAYS CAN INJURE EYES
TheNational
Electrical
Code,
AND BURN SKIN! To reduce risk of
Occupational
Safety
andHealth
Act
injury from arc rays, read,
regulations,
localindustrial
codesand
understand, and follow the following
localinspection
requirements
also
safety instructions. In addition, make
provide
a basisforequipment
certain that anyone else that uses
installation,
use,andservice.
this welding equipment, or is a
SHOCKHAZARDS
bystander in the welding area,
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well.
FUME HAZARDS
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! To
reduce the risk of death or serious
injury from shock, read, understand,
and follow the following safety
instructions. In addition, make
certain that anyone else who uses
this welding equipment, or who is a
bystander in the welding area
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well.
FIRE HAZARDS
WARNING
FIRE OR EXPLOSION CAN CAUSE
DEATH, INJURY, AND PROPERTY
DAMAGE! To reduce risk of death,
injury, or property damage from fire
or explosion, read, understand, and
follow the following safety
instructions. In addition, make
certain that anyone else that uses
this welding equipment, or is a
bystander in the welding area,
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well. REMEMBER!
Welding by nature produces sparks,
hot spatter, molten metal drops, hot
slag, and hot metal parts that can
start fires, burn skin, and damage
eyes.
6
WARNING
FUMES, GASSES, AND VAPORS
CAN CAUSE DISCOMFORT,
ILLNESS, AND DEATH! To reduce
risk of discomfort, illness, or death,
read, understand, and follow the
following safety instructions. In
addition, make certain that anyone
else that uses this welding equipment
or is a bystander in the welding area,
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well.
COMPRESSED GASSES AND
EQUIPMENT HAZARDS
WARNING
IMPROPER HANDLING AND
MAINTENANCE OF COMPRESSED
GAS CYLINDERS AND
REGULATORS CAN RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH! To
reduce risk of injury or death from
compressed gasses and equipment
hazards, read understand and follow
the following safety instructions. In
addition, make certain that anyone
else who uses this welding
equipment
ora bystander
inthe
welding
areaunderstands
and
followsthesesafetyinstructions
as
well.
Donotuseflammable
gasses
with
MIGwelders.Onlyinertor
nonflammable
gasses
aresuitable
for
MIGwelding.Examples
areCarbon
Dioxide,
Argon,Helium,
etc.or
mixtures
ofmorethanoneofthese
gasses.
•
•
BURN HAZARDS
WARNING
Hot slag can cause fires and
serious injury from burns. To
reduce the risk of discomfort or
serious injury due to burns always
wear heavy protective clothing, eye
and face protection, and gloves
designed for welding. To prevent the
risk of fires starting, use a metal plate
or some other material with a high
flash point to catch and shield
combustibles from the hot slag.
•
CGA Pamphlet P-I i SAFE
HANDLING OF COMPRESSED
GASSES IN CYLINDERS i
obtainable from the Compressed Gas
Association, 1725 Jefferson Davis
Highway, Suite 1004, Arlington, VA
22202-4102 Telephone (703) 4120900 Fax (703) 412-0128 i
www.cagnet.com
•
OSHA Standard 29 CFR, Part 1910,
Subpart Q., WELDING, CUTTING
AND BRAZING i obtainable from
your state OSHA office or U. S. Dept.
of Labor OSHA, Office of Public
Affairs, Room N3647, 200 Constitution
Ave. Washington, DC 20210 i
www.osha.gov
•
CSA Standard W117.2 i
Code for
SAFETY IN WELDING AND
CUTTING. i obtainable from
Canadian Standards Association, 178
Rexdale Blvd. Etobicoke, Ontario
M9W 1R3 i www.csa.ca
•
American Welding Society Standard
A6.0. WELDING AND CUTTING
CONTAINERS WHICH HAVE HELD
COMBUSTIBLES. i obtainable from
the American Welding Society, 550
NW Le Jeune Road, Miami, FL 33126
Telephone (800) 443-9353, Fax (305)
443-7559 i www.amweld.org or
www.aws.org
ADDITIONAL
SAFETY
INFORMATION
For additional information concerning
welding safety, refer to the following
standards and comply with them as
applicable.
• ANSI Standard Z49.1 i SAFETY IN
WELDING AND CUTTING i
obtainable from the American Welding
Society, 550 NW Le Jeune Road,
Miami, FL 33126 Telephone (800)
443-9353, Fax (305) 443-7559 i
www.amweld.org or www.aws.org
ANSI Standard Z87.1 i SAFE
PRACTICE FOR OCCUPATION AND
EDUCATIONAL EYE AND FACE
PROTECTION i obtainable from the
American National Standards Institute,
11 West 42 ndSt., New York, NY 10036
Telephone (212) 642-4900, Fax (212)
398-0023 i www.ansi.org
NFPA Standard 51B i CUTTING
AND WELDING PROCESS i
obtainable from the National Fire
Protection Association, 1
Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101,
Quincy, MA 02269-9101 Telephone
(617) 770-3000, Fax (617) 770-0700
i www.nfpa.org
DESCRIPTION
Your new wire feed welder is designed
for maintenance and sheet metal
fabrication. The welder consists of a
single-phase power transformer,
stabilizer, rectifier, and a unique built-in
control/feeder. This MIG welder is
capable of welding with 0.024 (0.6mm)
and 0.030 (0.8mm), solid steel wire on
dc reverse polarity and with .030 inch
self-shielding flux-core wire on dc
straight polarity. Larger, 0.035 inch
(0.9mm) diameter solid steel wire, on dc
reverse polarity, and self shielding fluxcore wire on dc straight polarity may
also be used on this welder. The use of
larger diameter wire makes welding
difficult and the results cannot be
guaranteed. The manufacturer does not
recommend the use of larger diameter
wire.
Now you can weld sheet metal from 24
gauge up to 1/4 inch thick with a single
pass. You can weld thicker steel with
beveling and multiple pass techniques.
Table 1 lists your MIG welder
specifications.
Table 1. Welder Specifications
Primary (input) volts
120 Vac
Primary (inputs) Amps
25
Phase
Single
Frequency
60 Hz
Secondary
(output) volts
19.5
Secondary (UL output) ampsl05
Open Circuit Volts (Max.)
28 Vdc
Duty Cycle Rating
20%
WELDER OPERATING
CHARACTERISTICS
DUTY CYCLE
The duty cycle rating of a welder defines
how long the operator can weld and
how long the welder must be rested and
cooled. Duty cycle is expressed as a
percentage of 10 minutes and
represents the maximum welding time
8
allowed. The balance of the 10-minute
cycle is required for cooling.
Your new welder has a duty cycle rating
of 20% at the rated output. This means
that you can weld for two (2) minutes out
of 10 with the remaining eight (8) minutes
required for cooling. (See Table 2).
Table 2. Duty Cycle Ratings
Duty
Cycle
Rating
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Maximum
Welding
Time
2 minutes
4 minutes
6 minutes
8 minutes
10 minutes
Required
Resting
Time
8 minutes
6 minutes
4 minutes
2 minutes
0 minutes
INTERNAL THERMAL
PROTECTION
CAUTION
Do not constantly exceed the duty
cycle or damage to this welder can
result. If you exceed the duty cycle of
your welder, an internal thermal
protector will open, shutting off all
welder functions except the cooling
fan. If this happens, DO NOT SHUT
OFF THE WELDER. Leave the
welder turned on with the fan running.
After cooling, the thermal protector will
automatically reset and the welder will
function normally again. However,
you should wait at least 10 minutes
after the thermal protector opens
before resuming welding. You must
do this even if the thermal protector
resets itself before the 10 minutes is
up or you may experience less than
specified duty cycle performance.
If you find that your welder will not weld
for 2 minutes without stopping, reduce
the wire speed slightly and tune the
welder in at the lowest wire speed
setting that still produces a smooth arc.
Welding with the wire speed set too high
causes excessive current draw and
shortens the duty cycle.
POWER SOURCE
CONNECTION
POWER REQUIREMENTS
This welder is designed to operate on a
properly grounded 120 Volt, 60 Hz,
single-phase alternating current (ac)
power source fused with a 20 amp timedelayed fuse or circuit breaker. It is
recommended that a qualified electrician
verify the ACTUAL VOLTAGE at the
receptacle into which the welder will be
plugged and confirm that the receptacle
is properly fused and grounded. The
use of the proper circuit size can
eliminate nuisance circuit breaker
tripping when welding.
DO HOT OPERATE THIS WELDER if
the ACTUAL power source voltage is
less than 105 Volts ac or greater than
132 Volts ac. Contact a qualified
electrician if this problem exists.
Improper performance and/or damage to
the welder will result if operated on
inadequate or excessive power.
CONNECT TO POWER SOURCE
EXTENSION CORDS
For optimum welder performance, an
extension cord should not be used
unless absolutely necessary. If
necessary, care must be taken in
selecting an extension cord appropriate
for use with your specific welder.
Select a properly grounded extension
cord that will mate directly with the ac
power source receptacle and the welder
power cord without the use of adapters.
Make certain that the extension is properly
wired and in good electrical condition.
Extension cords must be at the smallest
a #12 gauge cord. Do not use an
extension cord over 25 ft. in length.
ASSEMBLING
WELDER
The following procedures describe the
process required to assemble, install,
maintain, and prepare to weld with your
new wire feed welder.
UNPACKING THE WELDER
1.
Remove any cartons or bags
containing parts/accessories.
2.
Open the cartons or bags packed
with your welder and inspect their
contents for damage. Report any
missing or damaged items
immediately.
3.
Grasp the top handle of the welder
and lift the welder out of the carton.
WARNING
High voltage danger from power
source! Consult a qualified electrician
for proper installation of receptacle at
the power source.
This welder must be grounded while in
use to protect the operator from
electrical shock. If you are not sure if
your outlet is properly grounded, have it
checked by a qualified electrician. Do
not cut off the grounding prong or alter
the plug in any way and do not use any
adapters between the welder's power
cord and the power source receptacle.
Make sure the POWER switch is OFF
then connect your welder's power cord
to a properly grounded 120 Vac, 60 Hz,
single phase, 20 amp power source.
THE
INSTALL THE GROUND CLAMP
Connect the ground clamp to the ground
cable (coming out the front of the
welder) according to the instructions
packaged with the ground clamp.
INSTALL THE TANK TRAY
AND BRACKET
The tank tray bracket is installed on the
back of the welder, see Figure 1.
IMPORTANT - GAS CYLINDER SIZE
RESTRICTION! The tank tray you have
just installed on the back of the welder
will handle gas cylinders no larger than
20 cubic feet. If you select a cylinder
larger than 20 cubic feet, it must be
chained to a wall or other fixed support.
j
1.
1
Remove the protective cap from the
cylinder and inspect the regulator
connecting threads for dust, dirt oil,
and grease. Remove any dust or
dirt with a clean cloth. DO NOT
ATTACH THE REGULATOR IF OIL,
GREASE, OR DAMAGE ARE
PRESENT.
2. Open the cylinder valve FOR JUST
AN INSTANT to blow out any
foreign matter inside the valve port
to reduce the risk of plugging or
damaging the regulator. Never aim
the open cylinder valve port at
yourself or bystanders.
Figure 1. Mount Tank Tray Bracket
To Welder
Align the four tank tray bracket (1)
mounting holes (as shown in Figure
1) with the four staked nuts on the
rear of the welder.
2.
3.
Screw the regulator supplied with
this welder (see Figure 2) into the
cylinder valve and tighten with a
wrench.
Start one 1_ inch split lock washer
(2) and a 1_-20 x _/2inch hex bolt (3)
in one of the top tank tray bracket
(1) mounting holes, then start each
of the other three split lock nuts (2)
and _-20 x 1/2inch hex bolts (3)
through the remaining mounting
holes.
3. Tighten all four hex bolts.
Adjustable
Regulator
Figure
2.
Preset
Regulator
INSTALL THE SHIELDING GAS
WARNING
IMPROPER HANDLING AND
MAINTENANCE OF COMPRESSED
GAS CYLINDERS AND REGULATORS
CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY
OR DEATH! Always secure gas
cylinders to the tank bracket kit, a wall,
or other fixed support to prevent the
cylinder from falling over and rupturing.
Read, understand, and follow all the
COMPRESSED GASSES AND
EQUIPMENT HAZARDS in the SAFETY
SUMMARY at the front of this manual.
Secure your gas cylinder to the tank
bracket kit, a wall, or other fixed support.
10
Gas Regulators
4. Insert the gas hose into the outlet
port of the gas regulator. The hose
locks in place in the fitting when
pressed into the port.
5. To remove the gas hose, press
down on the ring at the rear of the
gas fitting, and pull the hose out of
the fitting.
CHECK
THE GAS FLOW
3.
Release the trigger.
Note:
WARNING
IMPROPER HANDLING AND
MAINTENANCE OF COMPRESSED
GAS CYLINDERS AND REGULATORS
CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY
OR DEATH! To reduce the risk of injury
or death, always stand to the side of the
cylinder opposite the regulator when
opening the cylinder valve, keeping the
cylinder valve between you and the
regulator. Never aim the open cylinder
valve port at yourself or bystanders.
Failure to comply with this warning could
result in serious personal injury.
Note:
•
If the cylinder you have is
equipped with male regulator
connecting threads instead of
female, you will need to obtain
a special compressed gas
cylinder adapter from your gas
supplier to install between your
gas cylinder and regulator.
The gas control function does
not require the welder to be
turned on or plugged in.
1. Slowly crack open the cylinder
valve, then turn open ALL THE
WAY.
2.
Pull the trigger on the gun to allow
the gas to flow. KEEP THE
TRIGGER PULLED. Listen and feel
for gas flowing from the end of the
welding gun. If your regulator has
no adjustment, it has been pre-set
at the factory for a flow of 20 cubic
feet per hour. If your gas regulator
has an adjustment to control the
gas flow rate, turn the adjustment
key clockwise to increase gas flow;
counterclockwise to reduce flow.
For most welding, the gas flow
should be set at 15-20 cubic feet
per hour. If no gas is heard or felt,
verify all steps involved in
connecting the gas.
•
If welding outside or in a draft, it
may become necessary to set
up a windbreak to keep the
shielding gas from being blown
from the weld area.
MAKE SURE TO TURN OFF
THE GAS CYLINDER VALVE
WHEN DONE WELDING.
ALIGN AND SET THE DRIVE
ROLLER
Before installing any welding wire into
the unit, the proper sized groove must
be placed into position on the wire drive
mechanism. Change to a neoprene
drive roller when welding with
aluminum wire.
STANDARD DRIVE ROLLER
Change the standard drive roller
according to the following steps:
1. Remove the drive tension by
unscrewing the tension adjusting
screw (ALL THE WAY in a counterclockwise direction). The drive
tension screw will come loose,
allowing you to pull the drive
tension arm up away from the drive
roller. Make sure to keep the screw
and the spring in place with the
drive tension arm.
2.
3.
If there is wire already installed in
the welder, roll it back onto the wire
spool by hand-turning the spool
counter-clockwise.
Be careful not
to allow the wire to come out of the
rear end of the gun without holding
onto it or it will unspool itself. Put
the end of the wire into the hole on
the outside edge of the wire spool
and bend it over to hold the wire in
place. Remove the spool of wire
from the welder.
Loosen the drive roller setscrew
and pull the drive roller off the drive
shaft.
11
Note:
4,
The drive roller has two wire
size grooves built into it. When
installing the drive roller the
number stamped on the drive
roller for the wire size you are
using should be facing away
from you. If you can read the
wire size you are using on the
drive roller, it is installed
backwards. Use only the
proper size drive roller when
using your welder.
Find the side of the drive roller that
is stamped with the same wire
diameter as that of the wire being
installed (see Figure 3, and if in
metric, see DESCRIPTION in the
WELDER SPECIFICATIONS
section). Make certain the spacing
washer is still on the motor shaft
and push the drive roller onto the
motor shaft, aligning the setscrew
with the flat side of the drive shaft.
Make sure the side stamped with
the desired wire diameter is away
from you.
Drive Roller
Shaft
Washer
Figure 3.
5,
12
Drive Roller
Slide the roller onto the shaft so
that the groove in the roller lines up
with the inlet tube and the welding
gun liner. You can look at the
alignment from the top of the
welder.
6. Tighten the setscrew, while holding
the drive roller in place.
INSTALL
WIRE
THE WELDING
WARNING
Electric shock can kill! Always turn
the POWER switch OFF and unplug the
power cord from the ac power source
before installing wire.
Be very careful when removing the
welding nozzle. The contact tip on this
welder is electrically hot as long as
POWER is turned ON. Make certain
POWER is turned OFF.
Remove the nozzle and contact tip
from the end of the gun assembly.
2. Make sure the proper groove on
the drive roller is in place for the
wire being installed. If the proper
groove is not in place, change the
drive roller as described above.
1,
3,
Unwrap the spool of wire then find
the leading end of the wire (it goes
through a hole in the outer edge of
the spool and is bent over the spool
edge to prevent the wire from
unspooling) BUT DO NOT
UNHOOK IT YET.
4,
Place the spool on the spindle in
such a manner that when the wire
comes off the spool, it will look like
the top illustration in Figure 4. The
welding wire should always come
off the top of the spool into the drive
mechanism.
RightWay
WrongWay
4" Spool
Figure 4. Right and Wrong Way To
Feed Wire From Spool
5. If you are installing a four-inch
spool of wire, install the drive brake
hardware on the top of the spool of
wire according to Figure 5A. If you
are installing an eight-inch spool,
install the spindle adapter and drive
brake hardware as shown in Figure
5B. The purpose of the drive brake
is to cause the spool of wire to stop
turning at nearly the same moment
that wire feeding stops.
6. Once the drive brake hardware is
installed, set the spool tension.
With one hand, turn the wire spool
and continue turning it while
adjusting the tension on the spool.
With your free hand, tighten (turn
clockwise) the wing nut that holds
the spool in place. Stop tightening
when drag is felt on the wire spool
that you are turning, then stop hand
turning the wire spool.
8" Spool
Figure 5. Drive Brake Assemblies
with Four Inch and Eight Inch Wire
Spools
Note:
If TOO MUCH tension is
applied to the wire spool, the
wire will slip on the drive roller
or will not be able to feed at all.
If TOO LITTLE tension is
applied, the spool of wire will
want to unspool itself. Readjust
the drive brake tension as
necessary to correct for either
problem.
7. After checking to make sure that
your welder is disconnected from
the ac power source, free the
leading end of the wire from the
spool, but do not let go of it until told
to do so, or the wire will unspool
itself.
8. Using a wire cutter, cut the bent end
off the leading end of the wire so
that only a straight leading end
remains.
9,
Loosen the tension adjusting screw
holding the drive tension arm in
place and lift the tension arm up off
the drive roller.
10. Insert the leading end of the wire
into the inlet guide tube. Then push
it across the drive roller and into the
gun assembly about six inches.
13
CAUTION
Make certain that the welding wire is
actually going into the gun liner. Be
very sure it has not somehow been
accidentally been routed alongside
the liner or even in some other
direction. If this should happen, the
wire could feed inside the cable
casing or take a right angle and follow
the wires and gas hose inside the
welder. It could also feed back on
itself jamming up the mechanism.
11. Line the wire up in the inside groove
of the drive roller, then allow the
drive tension arm to drop onto the
drive roller.
12. Tighten (turn clockwise)the
drive
tension adjusting screw until the
tension roller is applying enough
force on the wire to prevent it from
slipping out of the drive assembly.
18. Select a contact tip stamped with
the same diameter as the wire
being used. If stamped in metric,
see DESCRIPTION.
19. Slide the contact tip over the wire
(protruding from the end of the
gun). Thread the contact tip into
the end of the gun and hand-tighten
securely.
20. Install the nozzle on the gun
assembly. For best results, coat the
inside of the nozzle with anti-stick
spray or gel (part #4312, not
supplied).
21. Cut off the excess wire that extends
past the end of the nozzle.
SET THE WIRE DRIVE
TENSION
13. Let go of the wire.
14. Connect the welder power cord to
the ac power source. Turn the
welder POWER switch ON. Set the
VOLTAGE switch to the voltage
(heat) setting recommended for the
gauge metal that is to be welded.
Refer to the label mounted on the
cover, inside the drive
compartment, for recommended
voltage (heat) settings for your
welding job. The VOLTAGE
selector controls the weld heat.
There are eight voltage (heat)
selections (numbered 1 through 8)
available on this welder.
Numbered position 1 provides the
lowest voltage (heat) and position
8 the highest voltage (heat).
15. Set the WIRE SPEED control to the
middle of the wire speed range.
16. Pull the trigger on the welding gun
to feed the wire through the gun
assembly.
17. When at least an inch of wire sticks
out past the end of the gun, release
the trigger.
14
WARNING
To reduce the risk of arc flash, make
certain that the wire coming out of
the end of the gun does not come in
contact with the workpiece clamp or
any grounded material during the
drive tension setting process or
arcing will occur.
1,
Pull the trigger on the gun.
2.
Turn the drive tension adjustment
knob clockwise, increasing the
drive tension until the wire seems
to feed smoothly without slipping.
3,
Block the end of the nozzle by
holding it up against something
that doesn't conduct electricity,
such as a block of wood or a
concrete floor, then trigger the gun
again. The wire should slip at the
drive roller. However, if the wire
bird-nests at the drive roller,
rethread the drive system using
less drive tension and try again.
4,
When the drive tension is set
correctly, there should be no
slippage between the wire and the
drive roller. However, if an
obstruction occurs along the wire
feed path, the wire should then slip
on the drive roller.
CAUTION
Do not use a ratchet, crescent or other
lever type wrench to tighten the nuts
on the polarity bus. The nuts must be
hand tightened with a 7/16 inch nut
driver only. Too much torque applied
to the one of the nuts could cause the
threaded post to break off.
PREPARATION
CHANGE POLARITY
This welder allows you the capability to
change the welding current polarity.
You may select either dc Straight (dc Flux Cored) or dc Reverse Polarity (dc +
MIG). For welding steel with solid wire,
stainless steel, flux cored hardfacing of
steel, and silicon bronze welding of
steel, select dc Reverse Polarity (dc +
MIG). When using self-shielding, fluxcore steel wire, use dc Straight Polarity
(dc - Flux Cored).
Tools Required:
•
7/16 inch nut driver
1,
With a 7/16 inch nut driver, remove
all four nuts and pull out the
vertically mounted copper straps.
2,
Replace the copper straps
horizontally in the dc Straight
Polarity (dc - Flux Cored)
configuration shown in Figure 6.
DC+
MIG
DC
FLUX CORED
Change the polarity of your welder
according to the following procedure steps.
Figure 8 shows what the polarity block
should look like for each polarity setting.
Figure
WARNING
Electric shock can kill! Always turn the
POWER switch OFF and unplug the
power cord from the ac power source
before changing polarity.
3.
6.
Welder
Polarity
Selections
Start the four nuts on the four
connecting posts and hand snug
each nut with the 7/16 nut driver.
Do not use a ratchet, crescent or
other lever type wrench.
15
Operation of this welder consists of
selecting and adjusting operating
controls for optimum voltage (welding
heat) and wire speed settings.
CONTROLS
AND
INDICATORS
WARNING
Electric shock can kill! To remove
the risk of electric shock, be aware
that the VOLTAGE selector, when
OFF, does not remove power from all
internal circuitry in the welder.
POWER - This welder has a POWER
switch mounted on the front panel. The
POWER switch is used to initiate (turn
the welder ON) or extinguish (turn the
welder OFF) ac power to the welder.
16
VOLTAGE SELECTOR - The voltage
selector controls the welding heat. The
voltage selector provides continuous
voltage (heat) adjustment but has
reference number settings 1-8.
Number 1 is the lowest voltage (heat)
setting and number 8 the highest. Refer
to the label under the welder hood for
recommended voltage (heat) settings
for your welding job.
WIRE SPEED CONTROL - The WIRE
SPEED CONTROL adjusts the speed at
which the wire is fed out of the welding
gun. The wire speed needs to be
closely matched (tuned-in) to the rate at
which it is being melted off (see
TUNING IN THE WIRE SPEED, (in the
Welding Instruction Guide). Some
things that affect wire speed selection
are the type and diameter of the wire
being used, the heat setting selected,
and the welding position to be used.
GENERAL
This welder has been engineered to give
many years of trouble-free service
providing that a few very simple steps
are taken to properly maintain it.
1. Keep the wire drive compartment lid
closed at all times unless the wire
needs to be changed or the drive
tension needs adjusting.
2. Keep all consumables (contact tips,
nozzles, and gun liner) clean and
replace when necessary. See
CONSUMABLE MAINTENANCE
AND TROUBLESHOOTING
later in
this section for detailed information.
3,
Replace power cord, ground cable,
ground clamp, or gun assembly
when damaged or worn.
4,
Periodically clean dust, dirt, grease,
etc. from your welder. Every six
months or as necessary, remove
the side panels from the welder and
air-blow any dust and dirt that may
have accumulated inside the
welder.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! To
reduce the risk of electric shock, always
unplug the welder from its ac power
source before removing side panels.
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN
THE CONSUMABLES TO AVOID THE
NEED FOR PREMATURE
REPLACEMENT OF THE GUN
ASSEMBLY.
The GUN LINER is intended to provide
an unrestricted path for the welding wire
to flow through the gun assembly. Over
time it will accumulate dust, dirt, and
other debris. Replacement is necessary
when these accumulations begin to
restrict the free flow of wire through the
gun assembly.
REPLACE A GUN LINER
When removing or installing a gun liner,
care must be taken not to kink or
otherwise damage the gun liner or
replacement will be necessary. See
Figure 7 for the drive assembly and
Figure 8 for the gun assembly.
17
Drive
Tension
Adjustment
Drive
Tension
Arm
Gun
Liner
1/4" Hex
Head Screws
Inlet Guide
Tube End
Gun
Assembly
(Tail End)
Rehef
Head Screw Clamp
Inlet
Guide
Tube
Drive
Roller
l
Phillips
Pan
Str#in
Drive
Assembly
Figure
Plastic
Cable Tie
Gun
Cable
7.
Drive Assembly
Live Wire
Terminal
Gas
Cable
Coverin(
Gas
Valve
Conductor
Tube Insulation
Tube
Gas
Diffuser
Contact
(has lefthand
Tip
Nozzle
Lockwasher
Handle
Case
Wire
Contact
Figure 8.
18
Head End
Gun Liner
Gun Assembly
Tools Required:
° 5/16 inch open end wrench
° Crescent Wrench (6 or 8 inch)
° 9 mm open end wrench (or 3 inch
crescent)
° Phillips Screwdriver
° Straight Blade Screwdriver or 1_ inch
hex driver
1,
Turn OFF welder POWER SWITCH.
2. Open the welder side panel.
3. Loosen the tension arm and lift it
up off the drive roller.
4. Turn the wire spool counterclockwise (be sure to hold onto the
wire itself while turning the spool or
the wire will unspool itself when it
becomes free of the gun liner),
removing wire from gun assembly.
5. Remove two 1_ inch hex head
screws (may also be removed with
a straight blade screwdriver) and
one pan head Phillips screw (inlet
guide tube end) from the drive
roller and lift away the strain relief
clamp that holds the tail end of the
gun in the drive assembly.
6. Leave the gun assembly (consists
of nozzle, gas diffuser, conductor
tube, handle and cable containing
gas tubing electrical cable and
liner) attached to the welder but
move the welder to a place where
the gun assembly can be laid out
straight on a table or workbench or
similar flat surface.
Unscrew and remove the nozzle.
8. With a crescent wrench (six or eight
inch), turn the gas diffuser
clockwise (has left hand threads)
and remove the gas diffuser (and
contact tip together) from the
conductor tube on the end of the
gun.
9,
Remove the four Phillips head
screws that hold the handle case
together. With the exception of the
trigger, completely remove the
contents of the handle case.
10. Cut the plastic cable tie away from
the cable covering (tubing).
Note:
In the following procedure step,
it may be necessary to remove
the gas fitting from the gas
valve in order to make room to
turn out the head end of the
gun liner.
11. With a 5/16 inch open end wrench,
unscrew the head end of the liner
from the gas valve. Save the
internal star lock-washer and note
the orientation of the live wire
terminal. If you find it necessary to
remove the gas hose connector,
press down on the ring at the rear
of the gas fitting to release the gas
hose and pull out the gas hose.
Remove the gas fitting with a 9 mm
open end wrench or three inch
crescent.
12. Pull the
covering
end and
liner out
liner out of the cable
(tubing) from the handle
push the small piece of
of the conductor tube.
13. Carefully insert the new liner into
the cable taking particular care to
keep the liner straight (especially at
the terminal end) to ease its
passage through cable covering. It
may be desirable, perhaps even
necessary, to apply some silicon
grease to the outside of the new
liner so that it will slide easily
through the cable.
14. Insert the new piece of liner in the
conductor tube.
7,
Note:
If you found it necessary to
remove the gas and hose
connector at step 9, remember
to reconnect it after completing
step 12. The gas hose can be
reconnected by simply pushing
it into the back of the connector.
15. Insert the head of the gun liner
through the internal star lock
washer and the live wire terminal
(repeat the orientation noted in
step 9). With a 5/16 inch open end
wrench, screw the head end of the
new liner into the gas valve.
19
16. Insert a new plastic cable tie in
place around the cable and tighten
it in approximately the same
location as the plastic cable tie that
was cut in step 8.
17. Return all components to the
handle casing and realign them as
they were originally.
18. With both halves of the handle
case in place, tighten the four
Philips pan head screws making
sure the trigger remains seated in
place.
19. Push the cable into the welder far
enough so that the end of the gun
liner protrudes through the inlet
guide tube end of the wire-feed
torch clamp far enough so that it is
within approximately 1/16 inch of
touching the drive roller.
20. Make sure the cable covering
(tubing) is far enough in the
machine so that it is covered by the
wire-feed torch clamp.
21. Tighten the two 1_ inch hex head
screws (may also be tightened by a
straight blade screwdriver) and one
pan head Phillips screw to the
drive roller securing the gun in
place.
22. Re-install the welding wire
according to INSTALL THE
WELDING WIRE.
MAINTAINING THE CONTACT TIP
The purpose of the CONTACT TIP is to
transfer welding current to the welding
wire while allowing the wire to pass
through it smoothly.
Always use a contact tip stamped with
the same diameter as the wire it will be
used with.
If the wire burns back into the tip,
remove the tip from the gun and
clean the hole running through it
with an oxygen-acetylene torch tip
cleaner or tip drill.
20
2,
Over time, the hole in the contact
tip will become worn by the wire
passing through it. The more worn
this hole becomes, the less efficient
is the transfer of welding current to
the wire and eventually arc
breakage and difficult arc starting
will result. Replace contact tips
when signs of wear become
apparent.
MAINTAINING THE NOZZLE
The nozzle directs the shielding gas to
the weld puddle, determines the size of
the shielding area, and prevents the
electrically hot contact tip from
contacting the work piece.
CAUTION
KEEP THE NOZZLE CLEAN! During
the welding process, spatter and slag
will build up inside the nozzle and
must be cleaned out periodically.
Failure to clean and/or replace the
nozzle in a timely fashion WILL
CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE FRONTEND OF THE GUN ASSEMBLY.
For best results, coat the inside of a new
or freshly cleaned nozzle with anti-stick
spray or gel.
1. Stop welding and clean any
accumulated slag or spatter from
the nozzle every 5 to 10 minutes of
welding time.
2. When welding overhead, if any
molten metal drips from the weld
puddle and falls into the nozzle,
STOP WELDING IMMEDIATELY
and clean the nozzle.
3,
If the slag cannot be thoroughly
cleaned from the nozzle,
REPLACE THE NOZZLE!
Failure to keep the nozzle adequately
cleaned can result in the following
problems:
A SHORTED nozzle results when
spatter buildup bridges the insulation in
the nozzle allowing welding current to
flow through it as well as the contact tip.
When shorted, a nozzle will steal
welding current from the wire whenever
it contacts the grounded work piece.
This causes erratic welds and reduced
penetration.
With the welder unplugged from the ac
power source, touch the probes of an
ohmmeter or continuity tester to the end
of the contact tip and the outside of the
nozzle. If there is any continuity at all,
the nozzle IS shorted. Clean or replace
as needed.
In addition, a shorted nozzle overheats
the end of the gun, which can DAMAGE
the front-end of the gun.
Except for internal and external
cleaning, cleaning the nozzle, and
occasionally retightening screws, there
is no periodic maintenance
recommended for your welder.
A RESTRICTED nozzle is created when
enough slag builds up in the nozzle to
affect the direction, concentration, and
or rate of the shielding gas flow. This
problem can cause porous, brittle welds
and reduce penetration.
TESTING FOR A SHORTED
NOZZLE
Arcing between the nozzle and the work
piece ALWAYS means the nozzle is
shorted, but this can be hard to detect
through the lens of a welding helmet.
The following testing method is another
way to tell if a nozzle is shorted.
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
TROUBLESHOOTING
The following TROUBLESHOOTING
information is provided as a guide to
help resolve some of the more common
problems that could be encountered.
Table 3 is a troubleshooting table
provided to help you determine a
possible remedy when you are having a
problem with your welder. This table
does not provide all possible solutions,
only those possibilities considered to
likely be common faults. The table
consists of a TROUBLE or symptom, a
POSSIBLE CAUSE for that symptom,
and a POSSIBLE REMEDY for that
symptom.
21
TROUBLE
Dirty, porous brittle
weld
Table 3.
Troubleshooting
POSSIBLE
CAUSE
1. Plugged welding nozzle
2. No shielding gas
3. Wrong Type of Gas
POSSIBLE
REMEDY
1. Clean or replace nozzle
2. Tank empty, flow restricted, or
regulator set too low
3. See SELECTING SHIELDING
GAS in the WELDING
INSTRUCTION GUIDE for proper
selection
Wire feed works but
no arc
Arc works but not
feeding wire.
Nothing works
except fan
Low output or
non-penetrating weld.
4. Dirty or rusty welding wire
4. Replace spool of wire
1. Bad ground or loose
connection
1. Check ground and connections
tighten as necessary
2. Check connection to gun or
replace gun
1. Replace wire speed control
assembly
2. Adjust the drive tension
3. Replace drive motor
1. Replace trigger
2. Replace transformer
3. Allow welder to cool at least 10
2. Bad connection to gun or
faulty gun
1. Faulty wire speed control
assembly
2. No tension on the drive roller
3. Faulty drive motor (very rare)
1. Faulty trigger on gun
2. Faulty transformer (rare)
3. Exceeded duty cycle; thermal
protector opened
1. Loose connection inside
machine
2. Too long or improper
extension cord
3. Wrong type or size wire
4. Poor ground connection
Wire is birdnesting
at the drive roller
5. Wrong size contact tip
6. Loose gun connection or
faulty gun assembly
7. Wrong welding polarity set
8. Dirty or rusty welding wire
1. Too much tension on drive
roller
2. Gun liner worn or damaged
3. Contact tip is clogged or
damaged
4. Liner is stretched or is too
minutes (observe and maintain
proper duty cycle
1. Blow inside of machine out with
compressed air, clean and tighten
all connections
2. See EXTENSION CORD USE in
this manual
3. Use correct size welding wire
4. Reposition clamp and check
cable to clamp connection
5. Use correct size contact tip
6. Tighten gun or replace gun
7. Change polarity to proper for
wire being used
8. Replace spool of wire
1. Adjust the drive tension
(see INSTALLING THE WELDING
WIRE)
2. Replace gun liner
3. Replace contact tip
4. Trim liner to proper length
long
Wire burns back
to contact tip
1. Gun liner is worn or damaged
2. Liner stretched or is too long
3. Wrong size contact tip
4. contact tip clogged or
damaged
1. Replace gun liner
2. Trim liner for proper length
3. Use correct size contact tip
4. Replace contact tip
Ground clamp and!or
cable gets hot
Bad connection from cable to
clamp
Tighten connection or replace cable
Gun nozzle arcs
to work surface
Slag buildup inside nozzle or
nozzle is shorted
Clean or replace nozzle as needed
22
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MODEL 205592
23
@
MODEL 205592
24
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
PART
105 amp
MIG Welder
NO.
117-084-902
¥
1
202082 Sears
Potentiometer
2
Fan
3
Front Panel
410-900-010
4
Strain
Relief
541-057-000
5
6
Cable
Knob
Assembly
238-223-666
7
Switch
8
10' MIG gun
246-423-000
238-593-000
9
10
Control Panel
Transformer
410-869-011
880-455-888
246-120-000
216-100-000
246-107-666
11
Left Side Panel
410-865-020
12
13
Slide Latch W/Clip
Terminal Block
312-295-666
14
Wire Feed
880-406-000
15
Steel
16
Tension
17
18
19
Spindle
Center Panel
Circuit Board
312-076-666
20
Wire Harness
880-425-000
21
22
Fitting
Power Cord
253-333-000
23
Strain
239-074-000
24
Rectifier
25
Handle
26
Right Side Panel
410-864-020
27
28
Relay
Heatsink
216-055-666
29
30
Base
Thermo
31
Tank Bracket
¥
Trafimet
MIG Gun (10 foot cable)
32
Contact
Tip 0.024"
(0,6 mm)
43090
Tip 0.030"
(0,8 ram)
43100
33
Contact
Nozzle
34
Trigger
(MIG Gun)
35
Gun Cable,
36
37
Handle (With
Gas Hose
38
39
Liner
Gas Hose Quick Connector
334-468-666
334-467-000
¥
334-490-666
40
Gun Head: Gas Valve, Conductor
Tube,
Conductor
Tube Insulation,
Gas Diffuser
Gas Valve
41
42
Conductor
Conductor
Tube Insulation
Tube
334-493-666
334-492-666
43
Gas Diffuser
(MIG Gun)
334-494-666
246-414-000
Motor
Drive
Roller
310-187-666
Hardware
131-419-000
410-960-010
880-456-666
248-351-000
Relief
880-454-666
W/Hardware
312-296-666
412-723-000
880-431-000
880-435-000
Breaker
412-635-010
238-593-000
43480
334-440-000
Complete
334-465-000
Trigger)
334-495-666
059-217-040
334-491-666
334-460-000
1-
Regulator
1-
Tube Fitting
1-
Wire Spool Adapter
1-
Ground
1-
Welding
1-
Not Shown
¥
Complete
for Regulator
(for 8")
Clamp
Face Shield
253-406-666
312-110-666
239-010-102
332-239-666
In Drawing
Assembly
25
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MODEL 205592
g
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28
Forthe repairor replacement
partsyou need
delivereddirectlyto yourhome
Call 7 am - 7 pm, 7 days a week
1-800-366-PART
(1-800-366-7278)
For in-home major brand repair service
Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
1-800-4-REPAIR
(1-800-473-7247)
The model number of your product is located
on the welder nameplate.
If the parts you need are not stocked locally,
your order will be electronically transmitted to
a Sears Repair Parts Distribution Center for
expedited handling.
When requesting service or ordering parts,
always give the following information:
•
*
•
Product Name
Model Number
Part Number
.
Part Description
S ARS
America's Repair Specialists
SEARS
CRRFTSMRN
Operator's Guide
WIRE FEED
MIG WELDER
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
WARRANTY
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY SUMMARY
SPECIFICATIONS
INSTALLATION
OPERATION
MAINTENANCE
SCHEMATIC
WIRING DIAGRAM
REPLACEMENT
PARTS
Model No.
934.205592
CAUTION:
Read and follow
all Safety Rules and
Operating Instructions before
First Use of this Product.
Sears, Roebuck
and Co., Hoffman
811-642-000
2001
September
Estates,
IL 60179 USA
On Welding Gun or Cables, Welder, and Welder's Transformer
Full One Year Warranty for Craftsman
Welding Gun or Cables. For one year
from the date of purchase, when the
welding gun or cables are operated and
maintained according to the owner's
manual instructions, if the welding gun
or cables fail due to a defect in material
or workmanship, Sears will repair or
replace the welding gun or cables free of
charge. This warranty does not cover
parts consumed in normal operation,
such as contact tips, nozzles, gun liners,
and drive rollers.
Full Three Year Warranty on Craftsman
Welder For three years from the date of
purchase, when the welder is operated
and maintained according to the owner's
manual instructions, if the welder fails
due to a defect in material or
workmanship, Sears will repair or
replace the welder free of charge. This
warranty does not cover the welding
gun, cables, or normal consumable
parts.
WARRANTY SERVICE IS AVAILABLE
BY SIMPLY CONTACTING THE
NEAREST SEARS SERVICE CENTER.
This warranty applies only while this
product is in use in the United States.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
Sears Roebuck and Co., Dept. 817WA,
Hoffman Estates, IL 60179.
CRAFTSMAN FULL WARRANTY .........................................................
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS .........................................................................
3
INTRODUCTION
....................................................................................
4
SAFETY SUMMARY ...............................................................................
5
SAFETY INFORMATION ......................................................................
5
SHOCK HAZARDS .............................................................................
6
FIRE HAZARDS ..................................................................................
6
FLASH HAZARDS ..............................................................................
6
FUME HAZARDS ................................................................................
6
COMPRESSED GASSES AND EQUIPMENT HAZARDS .................. 6
BURN HAZARDS ................................................................................
7
ADDITIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION ...............................................
7
WELDER SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................
8
DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................
8
WELDER OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
......................................
8
DUTY CYCLE .....................................................................................
8
INTERNAL THERMAL PROTECTION ..................................................
8
WELDER INSTALLATION
.....................................................................
9
POWER SOURCE CONNECTION .......................................................
9
POWER REQUIREMENTS .................................................................
9
CONNECT TO POWER SOURCE ......................................................
9
EXTENSION CORDS ..........................................................................
9
ASSEMBLING THE WELDER ...............................................................
9
UNPACKING THE WELDER ...............................................................
9
INSTALL THE GROUND CLAMP .......................................................
9
INSTALL THE TANK TRAY AND BRACKET ........................................
9
INSTALL THE SHIELDING GAS .......................................................
10
CHECK THE GAS FLOW ....................................................................
11
ALIGN AND SET THE DRIVE ROLLER .............................................
11
STANDARD DRIVE ROLLER ............................................................
11
INSTALL THE WELDING WIRE ..........................................................
12
SET THE WIRE DRIVE TENSION ......................................................
14
PREPARATION ....................................................................................
15
CHANGE POLARITY ........................................................................
15
OPERATION .........................................................................................
16
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS .........................................................
16
MAINTENANCE ....................................................................................
17
GENERAL ...........................................................................................
17
REPLACE A GUN LINER ..................................................................
17
MAINTAINING THE CONTACT TIP ..................................................
20
MAINTAINING THE NOZZLE ...........................................................
20
TESTING FOR A SHORTED NOZZLE ............................................
21
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .........................................................
21
TROUBLESHOOTING
........................................................................
21
WIRING DIAGRAM ...............................................................................
23
REPLACEMENT
PARTS LIST .............................................................
24
SCHEMATIC .........................................................................................
26
This Welder User's Guide provides
specific information about your wire
feed welder. It is to be used together
with the Welding Instruction Guide to
provide all of the information needed to
safely and effectively use your wire
feed welder. The information in this
book applies to your specific model of
wire feed welder and gives instruction
on set-up, installation, and actual use
of the welder.
Where information is shown that does
not necessarily apply to all models or
brands of welder, it will be marked as
either optional on some welder models
or does not apply to all models.
Every craftsman respects the tools with
which they work. They know that the
tools represent years of constantly
improved designs and developments.
The true craftsman also knows that tools
are dangerous if misused or abused.
Reading this Operator's Guide and the
Welding Instruction Guide before using
the welder will enable you to do a better,
safer job. Learn the welder's
applications and limitations as well as
the specific potential hazards peculiar to
welding.
SAFETY
INFORMATION
The following safety information is
provided as guidelines to help you
operate your new welder under the
safest possible conditions. Any
equipment that uses electrical power
can be potentially dangerous to use
when safety or safe handling instructions
are not known or not followed. The
following safety information is provided
to give you the information necessary for
safe use and operation.
When a procedure step is preceded by
a WARNING, it is an indication that the
step contains a procedure that might be
injurious to a person if proper safety
precautions are not heeded.
When a procedure step is preceded by
a CAUTION, it is an indication that the
step contains a procedure that might
damage the equipment being used.
A NOTE may be used before or after a
procedure step to highlight or explain
something in that step.
READ ALL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY before attempting to
install, operate, or service this welder.
Failure to comply with these instructions
could result In personal injury and/or
property damage.
RETAIN THESE INSTRUCTIONS
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
Note:
The followingsafety alert
symbols identify important
safety messages in this manual.
When you see one of the symbols
shown here, be alert to the possibility of
personal injury and carefully read the
message that follows.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of electric shock
hazard exists during the
operation of the step(s) that
follow.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of fire hazard exists
during the operation of the
step(s) that follow.
This symbol indicates that the
helmet must be worn during
the step(s) that follow to
protect against eye damage
and burns due to flash
hazard.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of toxic gas hazard
exists during operation of the
step(s) that follow.
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of being burned by
hot slag exists during
operation of the step(s) that
follow.
This symbol indicates that the
eye protection should be worn
to protect against flying debris
in the following step(s).
This symbol indicates that the
possibility of injury or death
exists due to improper
handling and maintenance of
compressed gas cylinders or
regulators
Full explanations of the specific hazards
are shown in the WELDING
INSTRUCTION GUIDE. Make sure you
have read and understand all of the
information
beforeproceeding
withany FLASH HAZARDS
oftheinstructions
contained
inthis
user'sguide.
Published
standards
onsafetyare
available.
Theyarelistedin
WARNING
ADDITIONAL
SAFETY
INFORMATION
attheendofthisSAFETY
SUMMARY. ARC RAYS CAN INJURE EYES
TheNational
Electrical
Code,
AND BURN SKIN! To reduce risk of
Occupational
Safety
andHealth
Act
injury from arc rays, read,
regulations,
localindustrial
codesand
understand, and follow the following
localinspection
requirements
also
safety instructions. In addition, make
provide
a basisforequipment
certain that anyone else that uses
installation,
use,andservice.
this welding equipment, or is a
SHOCKHAZARDS
bystander in the welding area,
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well.
FUME HAZARDS
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! To
reduce the risk of death or serious
injury from shock, read, understand,
and follow the following safety
instructions. In addition, make
certain that anyone else who uses
this welding equipment, or who is a
bystander in the welding area
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well.
FIRE HAZARDS
WARNING
FIRE OR EXPLOSION CAN CAUSE
DEATH, INJURY, AND PROPERTY
DAMAGE! To reduce risk of death,
injury, or property damage from fire
or explosion, read, understand, and
follow the following safety
instructions. In addition, make
certain that anyone else that uses
this welding equipment, or is a
bystander in the welding area,
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well. REMEMBER!
Welding by nature produces sparks,
hot spatter, molten metal drops, hot
slag, and hot metal parts that can
start fires, burn skin, and damage
eyes.
6
WARNING
FUMES, GASSES, AND VAPORS
CAN CAUSE DISCOMFORT,
ILLNESS, AND DEATH! To reduce
risk of discomfort, illness, or death,
read, understand, and follow the
following safety instructions. In
addition, make certain that anyone
else that uses this welding equipment
or is a bystander in the welding area,
understands and follows these safety
instructions as well.
COMPRESSED GASSES AND
EQUIPMENT HAZARDS
WARNING
IMPROPER HANDLING AND
MAINTENANCE OF COMPRESSED
GAS CYLINDERS AND
REGULATORS CAN RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH! To
reduce risk of injury or death from
compressed gasses and equipment
hazards, read understand and follow
the following safety instructions. In
addition, make certain that anyone
else who uses this welding
equipment
ora bystander
inthe
welding
areaunderstands
and
followsthesesafetyinstructions
as
well.
Donotuseflammable
gasses
with
MIGwelders.Onlyinertor
nonflammable
gasses
aresuitable
for
MIGwelding.Examples
areCarbon
Dioxide,
Argon,Helium,
etc.or
mixtures
ofmorethanoneofthese
gasses.
•
•
BURN HAZARDS
WARNING
Hot slag can cause fires and
serious injury from burns. To
reduce the risk of discomfort or
serious injury due to burns always
wear heavy protective clothing, eye
and face protection, and gloves
designed for welding. To prevent the
risk of fires starting, use a metal plate
or some other material with a high
flash point to catch and shield
combustibles from the hot slag.
•
CGA Pamphlet P-I i SAFE
HANDLING OF COMPRESSED
GASSES IN CYLINDERS i
obtainable from the Compressed Gas
Association, 1725 Jefferson Davis
Highway, Suite 1004, Arlington, VA
22202-4102 Telephone (703) 4120900 Fax (703) 412-0128 i
www.cagnet.com
•
OSHA Standard 29 CFR, Part 1910,
Subpart Q., WELDING, CUTTING
AND BRAZING i obtainable from
your state OSHA office or U. S. Dept.
of Labor OSHA, Office of Public
Affairs, Room N3647, 200 Constitution
Ave. Washington, DC 20210 i
www.osha.gov
•
CSA Standard W117.2 i
Code for
SAFETY IN WELDING AND
CUTTING. i obtainable from
Canadian Standards Association, 178
Rexdale Blvd. Etobicoke, Ontario
M9W 1R3 i www.csa.ca
•
American Welding Society Standard
A6.0. WELDING AND CUTTING
CONTAINERS WHICH HAVE HELD
COMBUSTIBLES. i obtainable from
the American Welding Society, 550
NW Le Jeune Road, Miami, FL 33126
Telephone (800) 443-9353, Fax (305)
443-7559 i www.amweld.org or
www.aws.org
ADDITIONAL
SAFETY
INFORMATION
For additional information concerning
welding safety, refer to the following
standards and comply with them as
applicable.
• ANSI Standard Z49.1 i SAFETY IN
WELDING AND CUTTING i
obtainable from the American Welding
Society, 550 NW Le Jeune Road,
Miami, FL 33126 Telephone (800)
443-9353, Fax (305) 443-7559 i
www.amweld.org or www.aws.org
ANSI Standard Z87.1 i SAFE
PRACTICE FOR OCCUPATION AND
EDUCATIONAL EYE AND FACE
PROTECTION i obtainable from the
American National Standards Institute,
11 West 42 ndSt., New York, NY 10036
Telephone (212) 642-4900, Fax (212)
398-0023 i www.ansi.org
NFPA Standard 51B i CUTTING
AND WELDING PROCESS i
obtainable from the National Fire
Protection Association, 1
Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101,
Quincy, MA 02269-9101 Telephone
(617) 770-3000, Fax (617) 770-0700
i www.nfpa.org
DESCRIPTION
Your new wire feed welder is designed
for maintenance and sheet metal
fabrication. The welder consists of a
single-phase power transformer,
stabilizer, rectifier, and a unique built-in
control/feeder. This MIG welder is
capable of welding with 0.024 (0.6mm)
and 0.030 (0.8mm), solid steel wire on
dc reverse polarity and with .030 inch
self-shielding flux-core wire on dc
straight polarity. Larger, 0.035 inch
(0.9mm) diameter solid steel wire, on dc
reverse polarity, and self shielding fluxcore wire on dc straight polarity may
also be used on this welder. The use of
larger diameter wire makes welding
difficult and the results cannot be
guaranteed. The manufacturer does not
recommend the use of larger diameter
wire.
Now you can weld sheet metal from 24
gauge up to 1/4 inch thick with a single
pass. You can weld thicker steel with
beveling and multiple pass techniques.
Table 1 lists your MIG welder
specifications.
Table 1. Welder Specifications
Primary (input) volts
120 Vac
Primary (inputs) Amps
25
Phase
Single
Frequency
60 Hz
Secondary
(output) volts
19.5
Secondary (UL output) ampsl05
Open Circuit Volts (Max.)
28 Vdc
Duty Cycle Rating
20%
WELDER OPERATING
CHARACTERISTICS
DUTY CYCLE
The duty cycle rating of a welder defines
how long the operator can weld and
how long the welder must be rested and
cooled. Duty cycle is expressed as a
percentage of 10 minutes and
represents the maximum welding time
8
allowed. The balance of the 10-minute
cycle is required for cooling.
Your new welder has a duty cycle rating
of 20% at the rated output. This means
that you can weld for two (2) minutes out
of 10 with the remaining eight (8) minutes
required for cooling. (See Table 2).
Table 2. Duty Cycle Ratings
Duty
Cycle
Rating
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Maximum
Welding
Time
2 minutes
4 minutes
6 minutes
8 minutes
10 minutes
Required
Resting
Time
8 minutes
6 minutes
4 minutes
2 minutes
0 minutes
INTERNAL THERMAL
PROTECTION
CAUTION
Do not constantly exceed the duty
cycle or damage to this welder can
result. If you exceed the duty cycle of
your welder, an internal thermal
protector will open, shutting off all
welder functions except the cooling
fan. If this happens, DO NOT SHUT
OFF THE WELDER. Leave the
welder turned on with the fan running.
After cooling, the thermal protector will
automatically reset and the welder will
function normally again. However,
you should wait at least 10 minutes
after the thermal protector opens
before resuming welding. You must
do this even if the thermal protector
resets itself before the 10 minutes is
up or you may experience less than
specified duty cycle performance.
If you find that your welder will not weld
for 2 minutes without stopping, reduce
the wire speed slightly and tune the
welder in at the lowest wire speed
setting that still produces a smooth arc.
Welding with the wire speed set too high
causes excessive current draw and
shortens the duty cycle.
POWER SOURCE
CONNECTION
POWER REQUIREMENTS
This welder is designed to operate on a
properly grounded 120 Volt, 60 Hz,
single-phase alternating current (ac)
power source fused with a 20 amp timedelayed fuse or circuit breaker. It is
recommended that a qualified electrician
verify the ACTUAL VOLTAGE at the
receptacle into which the welder will be
plugged and confirm that the receptacle
is properly fused and grounded. The
use of the proper circuit size can
eliminate nuisance circuit breaker
tripping when welding.
DO HOT OPERATE THIS WELDER if
the ACTUAL power source voltage is
less than 105 Volts ac or greater than
132 Volts ac. Contact a qualified
electrician if this problem exists.
Improper performance and/or damage to
the welder will result if operated on
inadequate or excessive power.
CONNECT TO POWER SOURCE
EXTENSION CORDS
For optimum welder performance, an
extension cord should not be used
unless absolutely necessary. If
necessary, care must be taken in
selecting an extension cord appropriate
for use with your specific welder.
Select a properly grounded extension
cord that will mate directly with the ac
power source receptacle and the welder
power cord without the use of adapters.
Make certain that the extension is properly
wired and in good electrical condition.
Extension cords must be at the smallest
a #12 gauge cord. Do not use an
extension cord over 25 ft. in length.
ASSEMBLING
WELDER
The following procedures describe the
process required to assemble, install,
maintain, and prepare to weld with your
new wire feed welder.
UNPACKING THE WELDER
1.
Remove any cartons or bags
containing parts/accessories.
2.
Open the cartons or bags packed
with your welder and inspect their
contents for damage. Report any
missing or damaged items
immediately.
3.
Grasp the top handle of the welder
and lift the welder out of the carton.
WARNING
High voltage danger from power
source! Consult a qualified electrician
for proper installation of receptacle at
the power source.
This welder must be grounded while in
use to protect the operator from
electrical shock. If you are not sure if
your outlet is properly grounded, have it
checked by a qualified electrician. Do
not cut off the grounding prong or alter
the plug in any way and do not use any
adapters between the welder's power
cord and the power source receptacle.
Make sure the POWER switch is OFF
then connect your welder's power cord
to a properly grounded 120 Vac, 60 Hz,
single phase, 20 amp power source.
THE
INSTALL THE GROUND CLAMP
Connect the ground clamp to the ground
cable (coming out the front of the
welder) according to the instructions
packaged with the ground clamp.
INSTALL THE TANK TRAY
AND BRACKET
The tank tray bracket is installed on the
back of the welder, see Figure 1.
IMPORTANT - GAS CYLINDER SIZE
RESTRICTION! The tank tray you have
just installed on the back of the welder
will handle gas cylinders no larger than
20 cubic feet. If you select a cylinder
larger than 20 cubic feet, it must be
chained to a wall or other fixed support.
j
1.
1
Remove the protective cap from the
cylinder and inspect the regulator
connecting threads for dust, dirt oil,
and grease. Remove any dust or
dirt with a clean cloth. DO NOT
ATTACH THE REGULATOR IF OIL,
GREASE, OR DAMAGE ARE
PRESENT.
2. Open the cylinder valve FOR JUST
AN INSTANT to blow out any
foreign matter inside the valve port
to reduce the risk of plugging or
damaging the regulator. Never aim
the open cylinder valve port at
yourself or bystanders.
Figure 1. Mount Tank Tray Bracket
To Welder
Align the four tank tray bracket (1)
mounting holes (as shown in Figure
1) with the four staked nuts on the
rear of the welder.
2.
3.
Screw the regulator supplied with
this welder (see Figure 2) into the
cylinder valve and tighten with a
wrench.
Start one 1_ inch split lock washer
(2) and a 1_-20 x _/2inch hex bolt (3)
in one of the top tank tray bracket
(1) mounting holes, then start each
of the other three split lock nuts (2)
and _-20 x 1/2inch hex bolts (3)
through the remaining mounting
holes.
3. Tighten all four hex bolts.
Adjustable
Regulator
Figure
2.
Preset
Regulator
INSTALL THE SHIELDING GAS
WARNING
IMPROPER HANDLING AND
MAINTENANCE OF COMPRESSED
GAS CYLINDERS AND REGULATORS
CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY
OR DEATH! Always secure gas
cylinders to the tank bracket kit, a wall,
or other fixed support to prevent the
cylinder from falling over and rupturing.
Read, understand, and follow all the
COMPRESSED GASSES AND
EQUIPMENT HAZARDS in the SAFETY
SUMMARY at the front of this manual.
Secure your gas cylinder to the tank
bracket kit, a wall, or other fixed support.
10
Gas Regulators
4. Insert the gas hose into the outlet
port of the gas regulator. The hose
locks in place in the fitting when
pressed into the port.
5. To remove the gas hose, press
down on the ring at the rear of the
gas fitting, and pull the hose out of
the fitting.
CHECK
THE GAS FLOW
3.
Release the trigger.
Note:
WARNING
IMPROPER HANDLING AND
MAINTENANCE OF COMPRESSED
GAS CYLINDERS AND REGULATORS
CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY
OR DEATH! To reduce the risk of injury
or death, always stand to the side of the
cylinder opposite the regulator when
opening the cylinder valve, keeping the
cylinder valve between you and the
regulator. Never aim the open cylinder
valve port at yourself or bystanders.
Failure to comply with this warning could
result in serious personal injury.
Note:
•
If the cylinder you have is
equipped with male regulator
connecting threads instead of
female, you will need to obtain
a special compressed gas
cylinder adapter from your gas
supplier to install between your
gas cylinder and regulator.
The gas control function does
not require the welder to be
turned on or plugged in.
1. Slowly crack open the cylinder
valve, then turn open ALL THE
WAY.
2.
Pull the trigger on the gun to allow
the gas to flow. KEEP THE
TRIGGER PULLED. Listen and feel
for gas flowing from the end of the
welding gun. If your regulator has
no adjustment, it has been pre-set
at the factory for a flow of 20 cubic
feet per hour. If your gas regulator
has an adjustment to control the
gas flow rate, turn the adjustment
key clockwise to increase gas flow;
counterclockwise to reduce flow.
For most welding, the gas flow
should be set at 15-20 cubic feet
per hour. If no gas is heard or felt,
verify all steps involved in
connecting the gas.
•
If welding outside or in a draft, it
may become necessary to set
up a windbreak to keep the
shielding gas from being blown
from the weld area.
MAKE SURE TO TURN OFF
THE GAS CYLINDER VALVE
WHEN DONE WELDING.
ALIGN AND SET THE DRIVE
ROLLER
Before installing any welding wire into
the unit, the proper sized groove must
be placed into position on the wire drive
mechanism. Change to a neoprene
drive roller when welding with
aluminum wire.
STANDARD DRIVE ROLLER
Change the standard drive roller
according to the following steps:
1. Remove the drive tension by
unscrewing the tension adjusting
screw (ALL THE WAY in a counterclockwise direction). The drive
tension screw will come loose,
allowing you to pull the drive
tension arm up away from the drive
roller. Make sure to keep the screw
and the spring in place with the
drive tension arm.
2.
3.
If there is wire already installed in
the welder, roll it back onto the wire
spool by hand-turning the spool
counter-clockwise.
Be careful not
to allow the wire to come out of the
rear end of the gun without holding
onto it or it will unspool itself. Put
the end of the wire into the hole on
the outside edge of the wire spool
and bend it over to hold the wire in
place. Remove the spool of wire
from the welder.
Loosen the drive roller setscrew
and pull the drive roller off the drive
shaft.
11
Note:
4,
The drive roller has two wire
size grooves built into it. When
installing the drive roller the
number stamped on the drive
roller for the wire size you are
using should be facing away
from you. If you can read the
wire size you are using on the
drive roller, it is installed
backwards. Use only the
proper size drive roller when
using your welder.
Find the side of the drive roller that
is stamped with the same wire
diameter as that of the wire being
installed (see Figure 3, and if in
metric, see DESCRIPTION in the
WELDER SPECIFICATIONS
section). Make certain the spacing
washer is still on the motor shaft
and push the drive roller onto the
motor shaft, aligning the setscrew
with the flat side of the drive shaft.
Make sure the side stamped with
the desired wire diameter is away
from you.
Drive Roller
Shaft
Washer
Figure 3.
5,
12
Drive Roller
Slide the roller onto the shaft so
that the groove in the roller lines up
with the inlet tube and the welding
gun liner. You can look at the
alignment from the top of the
welder.
6. Tighten the setscrew, while holding
the drive roller in place.
INSTALL
WIRE
THE WELDING
WARNING
Electric shock can kill! Always turn
the POWER switch OFF and unplug the
power cord from the ac power source
before installing wire.
Be very careful when removing the
welding nozzle. The contact tip on this
welder is electrically hot as long as
POWER is turned ON. Make certain
POWER is turned OFF.
Remove the nozzle and contact tip
from the end of the gun assembly.
2. Make sure the proper groove on
the drive roller is in place for the
wire being installed. If the proper
groove is not in place, change the
drive roller as described above.
1,
3,
Unwrap the spool of wire then find
the leading end of the wire (it goes
through a hole in the outer edge of
the spool and is bent over the spool
edge to prevent the wire from
unspooling) BUT DO NOT
UNHOOK IT YET.
4,
Place the spool on the spindle in
such a manner that when the wire
comes off the spool, it will look like
the top illustration in Figure 4. The
welding wire should always come
off the top of the spool into the drive
mechanism.
RightWay
WrongWay
4" Spool
Figure 4. Right and Wrong Way To
Feed Wire From Spool
5. If you are installing a four-inch
spool of wire, install the drive brake
hardware on the top of the spool of
wire according to Figure 5A. If you
are installing an eight-inch spool,
install the spindle adapter and drive
brake hardware as shown in Figure
5B. The purpose of the drive brake
is to cause the spool of wire to stop
turning at nearly the same moment
that wire feeding stops.
6. Once the drive brake hardware is
installed, set the spool tension.
With one hand, turn the wire spool
and continue turning it while
adjusting the tension on the spool.
With your free hand, tighten (turn
clockwise) the wing nut that holds
the spool in place. Stop tightening
when drag is felt on the wire spool
that you are turning, then stop hand
turning the wire spool.
8" Spool
Figure 5. Drive Brake Assemblies
with Four Inch and Eight Inch Wire
Spools
Note:
If TOO MUCH tension is
applied to the wire spool, the
wire will slip on the drive roller
or will not be able to feed at all.
If TOO LITTLE tension is
applied, the spool of wire will
want to unspool itself. Readjust
the drive brake tension as
necessary to correct for either
problem.
7. After checking to make sure that
your welder is disconnected from
the ac power source, free the
leading end of the wire from the
spool, but do not let go of it until told
to do so, or the wire will unspool
itself.
8. Using a wire cutter, cut the bent end
off the leading end of the wire so
that only a straight leading end
remains.
9,
Loosen the tension adjusting screw
holding the drive tension arm in
place and lift the tension arm up off
the drive roller.
10. Insert the leading end of the wire
into the inlet guide tube. Then push
it across the drive roller and into the
gun assembly about six inches.
13
CAUTION
Make certain that the welding wire is
actually going into the gun liner. Be
very sure it has not somehow been
accidentally been routed alongside
the liner or even in some other
direction. If this should happen, the
wire could feed inside the cable
casing or take a right angle and follow
the wires and gas hose inside the
welder. It could also feed back on
itself jamming up the mechanism.
11. Line the wire up in the inside groove
of the drive roller, then allow the
drive tension arm to drop onto the
drive roller.
12. Tighten (turn clockwise)the
drive
tension adjusting screw until the
tension roller is applying enough
force on the wire to prevent it from
slipping out of the drive assembly.
18. Select a contact tip stamped with
the same diameter as the wire
being used. If stamped in metric,
see DESCRIPTION.
19. Slide the contact tip over the wire
(protruding from the end of the
gun). Thread the contact tip into
the end of the gun and hand-tighten
securely.
20. Install the nozzle on the gun
assembly. For best results, coat the
inside of the nozzle with anti-stick
spray or gel (part #4312, not
supplied).
21. Cut off the excess wire that extends
past the end of the nozzle.
SET THE WIRE DRIVE
TENSION
13. Let go of the wire.
14. Connect the welder power cord to
the ac power source. Turn the
welder POWER switch ON. Set the
VOLTAGE switch to the voltage
(heat) setting recommended for the
gauge metal that is to be welded.
Refer to the label mounted on the
cover, inside the drive
compartment, for recommended
voltage (heat) settings for your
welding job. The VOLTAGE
selector controls the weld heat.
There are eight voltage (heat)
selections (numbered 1 through 8)
available on this welder.
Numbered position 1 provides the
lowest voltage (heat) and position
8 the highest voltage (heat).
15. Set the WIRE SPEED control to the
middle of the wire speed range.
16. Pull the trigger on the welding gun
to feed the wire through the gun
assembly.
17. When at least an inch of wire sticks
out past the end of the gun, release
the trigger.
14
WARNING
To reduce the risk of arc flash, make
certain that the wire coming out of
the end of the gun does not come in
contact with the workpiece clamp or
any grounded material during the
drive tension setting process or
arcing will occur.
1,
Pull the trigger on the gun.
2.
Turn the drive tension adjustment
knob clockwise, increasing the
drive tension until the wire seems
to feed smoothly without slipping.
3,
Block the end of the nozzle by
holding it up against something
that doesn't conduct electricity,
such as a block of wood or a
concrete floor, then trigger the gun
again. The wire should slip at the
drive roller. However, if the wire
bird-nests at the drive roller,
rethread the drive system using
less drive tension and try again.
4,
When the drive tension is set
correctly, there should be no
slippage between the wire and the
drive roller. However, if an
obstruction occurs along the wire
feed path, the wire should then slip
on the drive roller.
CAUTION
Do not use a ratchet, crescent or other
lever type wrench to tighten the nuts
on the polarity bus. The nuts must be
hand tightened with a 7/16 inch nut
driver only. Too much torque applied
to the one of the nuts could cause the
threaded post to break off.
PREPARATION
CHANGE POLARITY
This welder allows you the capability to
change the welding current polarity.
You may select either dc Straight (dc Flux Cored) or dc Reverse Polarity (dc +
MIG). For welding steel with solid wire,
stainless steel, flux cored hardfacing of
steel, and silicon bronze welding of
steel, select dc Reverse Polarity (dc +
MIG). When using self-shielding, fluxcore steel wire, use dc Straight Polarity
(dc - Flux Cored).
Tools Required:
•
7/16 inch nut driver
1,
With a 7/16 inch nut driver, remove
all four nuts and pull out the
vertically mounted copper straps.
2,
Replace the copper straps
horizontally in the dc Straight
Polarity (dc - Flux Cored)
configuration shown in Figure 6.
DC+
MIG
DC
FLUX CORED
Change the polarity of your welder
according to the following procedure steps.
Figure 8 shows what the polarity block
should look like for each polarity setting.
Figure
WARNING
Electric shock can kill! Always turn the
POWER switch OFF and unplug the
power cord from the ac power source
before changing polarity.
3.
6.
Welder
Polarity
Selections
Start the four nuts on the four
connecting posts and hand snug
each nut with the 7/16 nut driver.
Do not use a ratchet, crescent or
other lever type wrench.
15
Operation of this welder consists of
selecting and adjusting operating
controls for optimum voltage (welding
heat) and wire speed settings.
CONTROLS
AND
INDICATORS
WARNING
Electric shock can kill! To remove
the risk of electric shock, be aware
that the VOLTAGE selector, when
OFF, does not remove power from all
internal circuitry in the welder.
POWER - This welder has a POWER
switch mounted on the front panel. The
POWER switch is used to initiate (turn
the welder ON) or extinguish (turn the
welder OFF) ac power to the welder.
16
VOLTAGE SELECTOR - The voltage
selector controls the welding heat. The
voltage selector provides continuous
voltage (heat) adjustment but has
reference number settings 1-8.
Number 1 is the lowest voltage (heat)
setting and number 8 the highest. Refer
to the label under the welder hood for
recommended voltage (heat) settings
for your welding job.
WIRE SPEED CONTROL - The WIRE
SPEED CONTROL adjusts the speed at
which the wire is fed out of the welding
gun. The wire speed needs to be
closely matched (tuned-in) to the rate at
which it is being melted off (see
TUNING IN THE WIRE SPEED, (in the
Welding Instruction Guide). Some
things that affect wire speed selection
are the type and diameter of the wire
being used, the heat setting selected,
and the welding position to be used.
GENERAL
This welder has been engineered to give
many years of trouble-free service
providing that a few very simple steps
are taken to properly maintain it.
1. Keep the wire drive compartment lid
closed at all times unless the wire
needs to be changed or the drive
tension needs adjusting.
2. Keep all consumables (contact tips,
nozzles, and gun liner) clean and
replace when necessary. See
CONSUMABLE MAINTENANCE
AND TROUBLESHOOTING
later in
this section for detailed information.
3,
Replace power cord, ground cable,
ground clamp, or gun assembly
when damaged or worn.
4,
Periodically clean dust, dirt, grease,
etc. from your welder. Every six
months or as necessary, remove
the side panels from the welder and
air-blow any dust and dirt that may
have accumulated inside the
welder.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! To
reduce the risk of electric shock, always
unplug the welder from its ac power
source before removing side panels.
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN
THE CONSUMABLES TO AVOID THE
NEED FOR PREMATURE
REPLACEMENT OF THE GUN
ASSEMBLY.
The GUN LINER is intended to provide
an unrestricted path for the welding wire
to flow through the gun assembly. Over
time it will accumulate dust, dirt, and
other debris. Replacement is necessary
when these accumulations begin to
restrict the free flow of wire through the
gun assembly.
REPLACE A GUN LINER
When removing or installing a gun liner,
care must be taken not to kink or
otherwise damage the gun liner or
replacement will be necessary. See
Figure 7 for the drive assembly and
Figure 8 for the gun assembly.
17
Drive
Tension
Adjustment
Drive
Tension
Arm
Gun
Liner
1/4" Hex
Head Screws
Inlet Guide
Tube End
Gun
Assembly
(Tail End)
Rehef
Head Screw Clamp
Inlet
Guide
Tube
Drive
Roller
l
Phillips
Pan
Str#in
Drive
Assembly
Figure
Plastic
Cable Tie
Gun
Cable
7.
Drive Assembly
Live Wire
Terminal
Gas
Cable
Coverin(
Gas
Valve
Conductor
Tube Insulation
Tube
Gas
Diffuser
Contact
(has lefthand
Tip
Nozzle
Lockwasher
Handle
Case
Wire
Contact
Figure 8.
18
Head End
Gun Liner
Gun Assembly
Tools Required:
° 5/16 inch open end wrench
° Crescent Wrench (6 or 8 inch)
° 9 mm open end wrench (or 3 inch
crescent)
° Phillips Screwdriver
° Straight Blade Screwdriver or 1_ inch
hex driver
1,
Turn OFF welder POWER SWITCH.
2. Open the welder side panel.
3. Loosen the tension arm and lift it
up off the drive roller.
4. Turn the wire spool counterclockwise (be sure to hold onto the
wire itself while turning the spool or
the wire will unspool itself when it
becomes free of the gun liner),
removing wire from gun assembly.
5. Remove two 1_ inch hex head
screws (may also be removed with
a straight blade screwdriver) and
one pan head Phillips screw (inlet
guide tube end) from the drive
roller and lift away the strain relief
clamp that holds the tail end of the
gun in the drive assembly.
6. Leave the gun assembly (consists
of nozzle, gas diffuser, conductor
tube, handle and cable containing
gas tubing electrical cable and
liner) attached to the welder but
move the welder to a place where
the gun assembly can be laid out
straight on a table or workbench or
similar flat surface.
Unscrew and remove the nozzle.
8. With a crescent wrench (six or eight
inch), turn the gas diffuser
clockwise (has left hand threads)
and remove the gas diffuser (and
contact tip together) from the
conductor tube on the end of the
gun.
9,
Remove the four Phillips head
screws that hold the handle case
together. With the exception of the
trigger, completely remove the
contents of the handle case.
10. Cut the plastic cable tie away from
the cable covering (tubing).
Note:
In the following procedure step,
it may be necessary to remove
the gas fitting from the gas
valve in order to make room to
turn out the head end of the
gun liner.
11. With a 5/16 inch open end wrench,
unscrew the head end of the liner
from the gas valve. Save the
internal star lock-washer and note
the orientation of the live wire
terminal. If you find it necessary to
remove the gas hose connector,
press down on the ring at the rear
of the gas fitting to release the gas
hose and pull out the gas hose.
Remove the gas fitting with a 9 mm
open end wrench or three inch
crescent.
12. Pull the
covering
end and
liner out
liner out of the cable
(tubing) from the handle
push the small piece of
of the conductor tube.
13. Carefully insert the new liner into
the cable taking particular care to
keep the liner straight (especially at
the terminal end) to ease its
passage through cable covering. It
may be desirable, perhaps even
necessary, to apply some silicon
grease to the outside of the new
liner so that it will slide easily
through the cable.
14. Insert the new piece of liner in the
conductor tube.
7,
Note:
If you found it necessary to
remove the gas and hose
connector at step 9, remember
to reconnect it after completing
step 12. The gas hose can be
reconnected by simply pushing
it into the back of the connector.
15. Insert the head of the gun liner
through the internal star lock
washer and the live wire terminal
(repeat the orientation noted in
step 9). With a 5/16 inch open end
wrench, screw the head end of the
new liner into the gas valve.
19
16. Insert a new plastic cable tie in
place around the cable and tighten
it in approximately the same
location as the plastic cable tie that
was cut in step 8.
17. Return all components to the
handle casing and realign them as
they were originally.
18. With both halves of the handle
case in place, tighten the four
Philips pan head screws making
sure the trigger remains seated in
place.
19. Push the cable into the welder far
enough so that the end of the gun
liner protrudes through the inlet
guide tube end of the wire-feed
torch clamp far enough so that it is
within approximately 1/16 inch of
touching the drive roller.
20. Make sure the cable covering
(tubing) is far enough in the
machine so that it is covered by the
wire-feed torch clamp.
21. Tighten the two 1_ inch hex head
screws (may also be tightened by a
straight blade screwdriver) and one
pan head Phillips screw to the
drive roller securing the gun in
place.
22. Re-install the welding wire
according to INSTALL THE
WELDING WIRE.
MAINTAINING THE CONTACT TIP
The purpose of the CONTACT TIP is to
transfer welding current to the welding
wire while allowing the wire to pass
through it smoothly.
Always use a contact tip stamped with
the same diameter as the wire it will be
used with.
If the wire burns back into the tip,
remove the tip from the gun and
clean the hole running through it
with an oxygen-acetylene torch tip
cleaner or tip drill.
20
2,
Over time, the hole in the contact
tip will become worn by the wire
passing through it. The more worn
this hole becomes, the less efficient
is the transfer of welding current to
the wire and eventually arc
breakage and difficult arc starting
will result. Replace contact tips
when signs of wear become
apparent.
MAINTAINING THE NOZZLE
The nozzle directs the shielding gas to
the weld puddle, determines the size of
the shielding area, and prevents the
electrically hot contact tip from
contacting the work piece.
CAUTION
KEEP THE NOZZLE CLEAN! During
the welding process, spatter and slag
will build up inside the nozzle and
must be cleaned out periodically.
Failure to clean and/or replace the
nozzle in a timely fashion WILL
CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE FRONTEND OF THE GUN ASSEMBLY.
For best results, coat the inside of a new
or freshly cleaned nozzle with anti-stick
spray or gel.
1. Stop welding and clean any
accumulated slag or spatter from
the nozzle every 5 to 10 minutes of
welding time.
2. When welding overhead, if any
molten metal drips from the weld
puddle and falls into the nozzle,
STOP WELDING IMMEDIATELY
and clean the nozzle.
3,
If the slag cannot be thoroughly
cleaned from the nozzle,
REPLACE THE NOZZLE!
Failure to keep the nozzle adequately
cleaned can result in the following
problems:
A SHORTED nozzle results when
spatter buildup bridges the insulation in
the nozzle allowing welding current to
flow through it as well as the contact tip.
When shorted, a nozzle will steal
welding current from the wire whenever
it contacts the grounded work piece.
This causes erratic welds and reduced
penetration.
With the welder unplugged from the ac
power source, touch the probes of an
ohmmeter or continuity tester to the end
of the contact tip and the outside of the
nozzle. If there is any continuity at all,
the nozzle IS shorted. Clean or replace
as needed.
In addition, a shorted nozzle overheats
the end of the gun, which can DAMAGE
the front-end of the gun.
Except for internal and external
cleaning, cleaning the nozzle, and
occasionally retightening screws, there
is no periodic maintenance
recommended for your welder.
A RESTRICTED nozzle is created when
enough slag builds up in the nozzle to
affect the direction, concentration, and
or rate of the shielding gas flow. This
problem can cause porous, brittle welds
and reduce penetration.
TESTING FOR A SHORTED
NOZZLE
Arcing between the nozzle and the work
piece ALWAYS means the nozzle is
shorted, but this can be hard to detect
through the lens of a welding helmet.
The following testing method is another
way to tell if a nozzle is shorted.
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
TROUBLESHOOTING
The following TROUBLESHOOTING
information is provided as a guide to
help resolve some of the more common
problems that could be encountered.
Table 3 is a troubleshooting table
provided to help you determine a
possible remedy when you are having a
problem with your welder. This table
does not provide all possible solutions,
only those possibilities considered to
likely be common faults. The table
consists of a TROUBLE or symptom, a
POSSIBLE CAUSE for that symptom,
and a POSSIBLE REMEDY for that
symptom.
21
TROUBLE
Dirty, porous brittle
weld
Table 3.
Troubleshooting
POSSIBLE
CAUSE
1. Plugged welding nozzle
2. No shielding gas
3. Wrong Type of Gas
POSSIBLE
REMEDY
1. Clean or replace nozzle
2. Tank empty, flow restricted, or
regulator set too low
3. See SELECTING SHIELDING
GAS in the WELDING
INSTRUCTION GUIDE for proper
selection
Wire feed works but
no arc
Arc works but not
feeding wire.
Nothing works
except fan
Low output or
non-penetrating weld.
4. Dirty or rusty welding wire
4. Replace spool of wire
1. Bad ground or loose
connection
1. Check ground and connections
tighten as necessary
2. Check connection to gun or
replace gun
1. Replace wire speed control
assembly
2. Adjust the drive tension
3. Replace drive motor
1. Replace trigger
2. Replace transformer
3. Allow welder to cool at least 10
2. Bad connection to gun or
faulty gun
1. Faulty wire speed control
assembly
2. No tension on the drive roller
3. Faulty drive motor (very rare)
1. Faulty trigger on gun
2. Faulty transformer (rare)
3. Exceeded duty cycle; thermal
protector opened
1. Loose connection inside
machine
2. Too long or improper
extension cord
3. Wrong type or size wire
4. Poor ground connection
Wire is birdnesting
at the drive roller
5. Wrong size contact tip
6. Loose gun connection or
faulty gun assembly
7. Wrong welding polarity set
8. Dirty or rusty welding wire
1. Too much tension on drive
roller
2. Gun liner worn or damaged
3. Contact tip is clogged or
damaged
4. Liner is stretched or is too
minutes (observe and maintain
proper duty cycle
1. Blow inside of machine out with
compressed air, clean and tighten
all connections
2. See EXTENSION CORD USE in
this manual
3. Use correct size welding wire
4. Reposition clamp and check
cable to clamp connection
5. Use correct size contact tip
6. Tighten gun or replace gun
7. Change polarity to proper for
wire being used
8. Replace spool of wire
1. Adjust the drive tension
(see INSTALLING THE WELDING
WIRE)
2. Replace gun liner
3. Replace contact tip
4. Trim liner to proper length
long
Wire burns back
to contact tip
1. Gun liner is worn or damaged
2. Liner stretched or is too long
3. Wrong size contact tip
4. contact tip clogged or
damaged
1. Replace gun liner
2. Trim liner for proper length
3. Use correct size contact tip
4. Replace contact tip
Ground clamp and!or
cable gets hot
Bad connection from cable to
clamp
Tighten connection or replace cable
Gun nozzle arcs
to work surface
Slag buildup inside nozzle or
nozzle is shorted
Clean or replace nozzle as needed
22
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MODEL 205592
23
@
MODEL 205592
24
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
PART
105 amp
MIG Welder
NO.
117-084-902
¥
1
202082 Sears
Potentiometer
2
Fan
3
Front Panel
410-900-010
4
Strain
Relief
541-057-000
5
6
Cable
Knob
Assembly
238-223-666
7
Switch
8
10' MIG gun
246-423-000
238-593-000
9
10
Control Panel
Transformer
410-869-011
880-455-888
246-120-000
216-100-000
246-107-666
11
Left Side Panel
410-865-020
12
13
Slide Latch W/Clip
Terminal Block
312-295-666
14
Wire Feed
880-406-000
15
Steel
16
Tension
17
18
19
Spindle
Center Panel
Circuit Board
312-076-666
20
Wire Harness
880-425-000
21
22
Fitting
Power Cord
253-333-000
23
Strain
239-074-000
24
Rectifier
25
Handle
26
Right Side Panel
410-864-020
27
28
Relay
Heatsink
216-055-666
29
30
Base
Thermo
31
Tank Bracket
¥
Trafimet
MIG Gun (10 foot cable)
32
Contact
Tip 0.024"
(0,6 mm)
43090
Tip 0.030"
(0,8 ram)
43100
33
Contact
Nozzle
34
Trigger
(MIG Gun)
35
Gun Cable,
36
37
Handle (With
Gas Hose
38
39
Liner
Gas Hose Quick Connector
334-468-666
334-467-000
¥
334-490-666
40
Gun Head: Gas Valve, Conductor
Tube,
Conductor
Tube Insulation,
Gas Diffuser
Gas Valve
41
42
Conductor
Conductor
Tube Insulation
Tube
334-493-666
334-492-666
43
Gas Diffuser
(MIG Gun)
334-494-666
246-414-000
Motor
Drive
Roller
310-187-666
Hardware
131-419-000
410-960-010
880-456-666
248-351-000
Relief
880-454-666
W/Hardware
312-296-666
412-723-000
880-431-000
880-435-000
Breaker
412-635-010
238-593-000
43480
334-440-000
Complete
334-465-000
Trigger)
334-495-666
059-217-040
334-491-666
334-460-000
1-
Regulator
1-
Tube Fitting
1-
Wire Spool Adapter
1-
Ground
1-
Welding
1-
Not Shown
¥
Complete
for Regulator
(for 8")
Clamp
Face Shield
253-406-666
312-110-666
239-010-102
332-239-666
In Drawing
Assembly
25
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MODEL 205592
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28
Forthe repairor replacement
partsyou need
delivereddirectlyto yourhome
Call 7 am - 7 pm, 7 days a week
1-800-366-PART
(1-800-366-7278)
For in-home major brand repair service
Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
1-800-4-REPAIR
(1-800-473-7247)
The model number of your product is located
on the welder nameplate.
If the parts you need are not stocked locally,
your order will be electronically transmitted to
a Sears Repair Parts Distribution Center for
expedited handling.
When requesting service or ordering parts,
always give the following information:
•
*
•
Product Name
Model Number
Part Number
.
Part Description
S ARS
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