APRILIA RS 250 - 1997 Technical information

use and maintenance
aprilia part# 8102854
RS 250
MIN
© 1997 aprilia s.p.a. - Noale (VE)
This manual is to be considered an integral part of the vehicle,
which must be delivered complete with it also in case of resale.
aprilia s.p.a. reserves the right to modify its models at any time,
without prejudice to the main characteristics here described.
All rights as to electronic storage, reproduction and total or partial adaptation, with any means, are reserved for all Countries.
The mention to products or services supplied by third parties is
made only for information purposes and is not binding in any
case.
aprilia s.p.a takes no responsibility as to the performance or the
use of said products.
First edition: november 1997
Reprint:
Produced and printed by:
Studio Tecno Public
Viale del Progresso - 37038 Soave (VR) - Italy
Tel. +39 (0)45 -76 11 911
Fax +39 (0)45 -76 12 241
www.stp.it
E-mail: customer@stp.it
On behalf of:
aprilia s.p.a.
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 (0)41 - 58 29 111
Fax +39 (0)41 - 44 10 54
www.aprilia.com
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use and maintenance RS 250
FOREWORD
Before starting the engine, carefully read this manual, paying
particular attention to the chapter "RIDING SAFELY".
Your and other people’s safety depends not only on your quickness of reflexes and on your agility, but also on what you know
about the vehicle, on its efficiency and on your knowledge of the
basic information for RIDING SAFELY. Therefore, get a thorough knowledge of the vehicle, in such a way as to be able to
drive in the traffic safely.
For the controls and repairs not expressly described in this manual, for the purchase of aprilia Genuine Spare Parts, accessories and other products, as well as for specific technical advice,
contact only aprilia Authorized Outlets and Official Dealers, who
can ensure you reliable and prompt servicing.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. We wish you a nice ride.
IMPORTANT:
When asking your Dealer for spare parts, specify the spare parts
code indicated on the SPARE PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL.
Write down the identification code in the space here below, in order to remember it also in case of loss or deterioration of the label.
The label is positioned under the rider saddle, see p. 58 (REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE).
aprilia
CODICE RICAMBI spare parts code number
N˚
I
UK
A
I.M.
A
P
SF
GR NL CH DK
MAL RCH BM USA
J
B
B
C
D
SGP PL
D
F
E
E
IL ROK
Carefully observe the instructions preceded by the following
warning signs:
a
c
Safety norms and regulations to protect the driver
and other people from severe injuries or grave risks.
Indications to make the operations easier. Technical
information.
★
The operations preceded by this symbol must be repeated on the opposite side of the vehicle.
In this manual the various versions are indicated by the following symbols:
&
_
2
I
U
A
P
"
B
D
F
E
G
O
optional
automatic light switching version (Automatic Switch-on Device)
catalytic version
Italy version
United Kingdom version
Austria version
Portugal version
Finland version
Belgium version
Germany version
France version
Spain version
Greece version
Holland version
C
£
J
S
V
%
K
M
R
Q
-
Switzerland version
Denmark version
Japan version
Singapore version
Poland version
Israel version
South Korea version
Malaysia version
Chile version
Bermuda version
United States of America
version
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3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFE DRIVE .....................................................................................................5
BASIC SAFETY RULES ............................................................................6
CLOTHING ................................................................................................9
ACCESSORIES .......................................................................................10
LOAD .......................................................................................................10
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ..............................................12
ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS/CONTROLS .............................14
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS .............................................................15
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE............................................16
MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER ..............................................................18
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS ..............................................................24
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR .............................................................................24
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART OF THE HANDLEBAR ..................25
IGNITION SWITCH ..................................................................................26
STEERING LOCK ....................................................................................26
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT ..............................................................................27
REMOVING THE PASSENGER SEAT ...................................................27
CRASH HELMET HOOK .........................................................................27
GLOVE/TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT ......................................................28
SPECIAL TOOLS
..............................................................................28
REAR MUDGUARD EXTENSION
....................................................28
MAIN COMPONENTS ....................................................................................29
FUEL ........................................................................................................29
TRANSMISSION OIL ...............................................................................29
BRAKE FLUID (recommendations) .........................................................30
DISC BRAKES .........................................................................................30
FRONT BRAKE .......................................................................................31
REAR BRAKE ..........................................................................................32
MIXER OIL TANK ....................................................................................33
ADJUSTING THE FRONT BRAKE CONTROL LEVER ..........................34
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE ............................................................34
ADJUSTING THE CLUTCH .....................................................................35
COOLANT ...............................................................................................36
TYRES .....................................................................................................38
CATALYTIC SILENCERS
(for the catalytic version only) ................38
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE ............................................................................39
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS ............................................39
STARTING ...............................................................................................40
DEPARTURE AND DRIVE ......................................................................42
RUNNING-IN ...........................................................................................45
STOPPING ..............................................................................................45
PARKING .................................................................................................46
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ..................................................46
&
&
2
4
use and maintenance RS 250
MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................ 47
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART ............................................ 47
IDENTIFICATION DATA ......................................................................... 48
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR SUPPORT STAND
.. 49
49
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND
CHECKING THE TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP ...... 50
CHANGING THE TRANSMISSION OIL ................................................. 51
FRONT WHEEL ...................................................................................... 52
REAR WHEEL ........................................................................................ 54
DRIVE CHAIN ......................................................................................... 56
REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE ......................................................... 58
REMOVING THE FUEL TANK ................................................................ 59
AIR CLEANER ........................................................................................ 60
BLEEDING THE MIXER OIL ................................................................... 61
INSPECTING THE FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSIONS ...................... 62
FRONT SUSPENSION ........................................................................... 62
REAR SUSPENSION .............................................................................. 64
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR .................................................... 66
IDLING ADJUSTMENT ........................................................................... 67
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR CONTROL ..................................... 67
ADJUSTING THE COLD START CONTROL (e) .................................. 67
SPARK PLUGS ....................................................................................... 68
BATTERY ................................................................................................ 69
REMOVING THE BATTERY ................................................................... 70
CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL .............................................. 70
RECHARGING THE BATTERY .............................................................. 71
INSTALLING THE BATTERY ................................................................. 71
LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY ................................................. 71
CHANGING THE FUSES ........................................................................ 72
CHECKING THE SIDE STAND AND THE SAFETY SWITCH ............... 73
CHECKING THE SWITCHES ................................................................. 74
ADJUSTING THE VERTICAL HEADLIGHT BEAM ................................ 75
BULBS .................................................................................................... 75
CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS .................................................. 76
CHANGING THE FRONT/REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS ...... 77
CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB .................................................... 78
TRANSPORT ................................................................................................. 79
DRAINING THE FUEL TANK .................................................................. 79
CLEANING .................................................................................................... 80
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY .......................................................... 81
TECHNICAL DATA ....................................................................................... 82
LUBRICANT CHART .............................................................................. 86
Importers ................................................................................................. 87
WIRING DIAGRAM - RS 250 .................................................................. 88
WIRING DIAGRAM KEY - RS 250 .......................................................... 89
&
&
safe drive
BASIC SAFETY RULES
To drive the vehicle it is necessary to be in
possession of all the requirements prescribed by law (driving licence, minimum
age, psychophysical ability, insurance,
state taxes, vehicle registration, number
plate, etc.).
Gradually get to know the vehicle by driving it first in areas with low traffic and/or private areas.
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use and maintenance RS 250
The use of medicins, alcohol and drugs or
psychotropic substances notably increases
the risk of accidents.
Be sure that you are in good psychophysical conditions and fit for driving and pay
particular attention to physical weariness
and drowsiness.
Most road accidents are caused by the
driver’s lack of experience.
NEVER lend the vehicle to beginners and,
in any case, make sure that the driver has
all the requirements for driving.
¡
STOP 150 m
150 m
STOP
Rigorously observe all road signs and national and local road regulations.
Avoid abrupt movements that can be dangerous for yourself and other people (for
example: rearing up on the back wheel,
speeding, etc.), and give due consideration
to the road surface, visibility and other driving conditions.
Avoid obstacles that could damage the vehicle or make you lose control.
Avoid riding in the slipstream created by
preceding vehicles in order to increase
your speed.
Always drive with both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests (or
on the rider’s footboards), in the correct
driving posture.
Avoid standing up or stretching your limbs
while driving.
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7
OIL
The driver should pay attention and avoid
distractions caused by people, things and
movements (never smoke, eat, drink, read,
etc.) while driving.
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COOLER
Use only the vehicle’s specific fuels and lubricants indicated in the "LUBRICANT
CHART"; check the oil, fuel and coolant
levels regularly.
If the vehicle has been involved in an accident, make sure that no damage has occurred to the control levers, pipes, wires,
braking system and vital parts.
If necessary, have the vehicle inspected by
an aprilia Official Dealer, who should carefully check the frame, handlebars, suspensions, safety parts and all the devices that
you cannot check by yourself.
Always remember to report any malfunction to the technicians to help them in their
work.
Never use the vehicle when the amount of
damage it has suffered endangers your
safety.
ONLY ORIGINALS
A12
345
Never change the position, inclination or
colour of: number plate, direction indicators, lights and horns.
Any modification of the vehicle and/or the
removal of original components can compromise vehicle performance levels and
safety or even make it illegal.
We recommend respecting all regulations
and national and local provisions regarding
the equipment of the vehicle.
In particular, avoid all modifications that increase the vehicle’s performance levels or
alter its original characteristics.
Never race with other vehicles.
Avoid off-road driving.
CLOTHING
Before starting, always wear a correctly
fastened crash helmet. Make sure that it is
homologated, in good shape, of the right
size and that the visor is clean.
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light
and/or reflecting colours. In this way you
will make yourself more visible to the other
drivers, thus notably reducing the risk of
being knocked down, and you will be more
protected in case of fall.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting
and fastened at the wrists and ankles.
Strings, belts and ties should not be hanging loose; prevent these and other objects
from interfering with driving by getting entangled with moving parts or driving mechanisms.
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Do not keep objects that can be dangerous
in case of fall, for example pointed objects
like keys, pens, glass vials etc. in your
pockets (the same recommendations also
apply to passengers).
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ACCESSORIES
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for
the choice, installation and use of any accessory.
Avoid installing accessories that cover
horns or lights or that could impair their
functions, limit the suspension stroke and
the steering angle, hamper the operation of
the controls and reduce the distance from
the ground and the angle of inclination in
turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper access to the controls, since this can prolong
reaction times during an emergency.
Large fairings and windscreens assembled
on the vehicle can produce aerodynamic
forces capable of compromising the stability of the vehicle while driving.
Make sure that the equipment is well fastened to the vehicle and not dangerous
during driving. Do not install electrical devices and do not modify those already existing to avoid electrical overloads, because the vehicle could suddenly stop or
there could be a dangerous current shortage in the horn and in the lights. aprilia
recommends the use of genuine accessories (aprilia genuine accessories).
LOAD
Be careful and moderate when loading
your luggage. Keep any luggage loaded as
close as possible to the centre of the vehicle and distribute the load uniformly on
both sides, in order to reduce imbalance to
the minimum. Furthermore, make sure that
the load is firmly secured to the vehicle, especially during long trips.
KG!
Avoid hanging bulky, heavy and/or dangerous objects on the handlebars, mudguards
and forks, because the vehicle might respond more slowly in turns and its manoeuvrability could be unavoidably impaired.
Do not place bags that are too bulky on the
vehicle sides and do not ride with the crash
helmet hanging from its string, because it
could hit people or obstacles making you
lose control of the vehicle.
Do not carry any bag if it is not tightly secured to the vehicle.
Do not carry bags which protrude too much
from the luggage rack or which cover the
lights, horn or indicators.
Do not carry animals or children on the
glove compartment or on the luggage rack.
Do not exceed the maximum load allowed
for each side-bag.
When the vehicle is overloaded, its stability
and its manoeuvrability can be compromised.
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ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS
1
3
2
4
6
5
7
8
9
10
MIN
11
12
16
15
14
13
KEY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
12
Dashboard
Left rear-view mirror
Ignition switch
Mixer oil plug
Fuel cock
Battery
Fuses
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8)
9)
10)
11)
Glove/tool kit compartment lock
Passenger seat
Crash helmet cable
Passenger left footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
12) Drive chain
13) Rider left footrest
(with spring, always open)
14) Shifting lever
15) Side stand
16) Horn
KEY
1) Passenger right footrest
(snapping, closed/open)
2) Glove/tool kit compartment
3) Passenger grab strap
4) Electronic unit
5) Rider saddle
6) Rear brake fluid tank
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
Air cleaner
Fuel tank plug
Coolant plug
Right rear-view mirror
Front brake fluid tank
Starting lever
Rear brake control lever
14) Rear brake pump
15) Rider right footrest
(with spring, always open)
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ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS/CONTROLS
KEY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
14
Ignition switch/steering lock ( n - m - s )
Cold start lever (e)
Direction indicator switch ( c )
Horn push button ( f )
Dimmer switch ( b - a )
LAP push button (multifunction)
Clutch lever
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8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
Instruments and indicators
Front brake lever
Throttle grip
High beam signalling push button ( a )
Light switch ( o - p - • ) (not provided for _)
Engine stop switch (n - m)
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS
KEY
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Green direction indicator warning light ( c )
Blue high beam warning light ( a )
Revolution counter
Programmable red line warning light LED ( max )
Green low beam and parking light warning light ( p )
Amber “side stand down” warning light ( \ )
7) Right multifunction digital display
(coolant temperature - clock - battery voltage - chronometer)
8) Red mixer oil reserve warning light LED ( j )
9) Green neutral indicator warning light ( q )
10) Multifunction computer programming push buttons
11) Left multifunction digital display (speedometer - odometer)
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INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE
Description
Direction indicator warning light
High beam warning light
Function
(c)
( a)
Blinks when the direction indicators are on.
Comes on when the headlight is in "high beam" position or when the high beam signalling is
operated.
Indicates the number of revolutions of the engine per minute.
a
Revolution counter (rpm)
Programmable red line
warning light LED
Parking light and low beam
warning light
Side stand down warning light
Mixer oil reserve warning light LED
Neutral indicator warning light
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Never exceed the engine max. speed rate, see p. 45 (RUNNING-IN).
(max)
(p)
( \)
(j)
( q)
Blinks when the max. rpm set by the user is reached, see p. 20 (RED LINE WARNING
LIGHT).
It comes on when the engine max. rpm threshold setting is confirmed and whenever the ignition key is rotated to position “n”, for about three seconds, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION
COMPUTER).
Comes on when the lights are on.
Comes on when the side stand is down.
Comes on, for about 0.5 seconds, whenever the ignition switch is brought to position “n”,
thus testing the correct operation of the led.
If the light does not come on in this phase, contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
a
If the warning light LED comes on during the normal operation of the engine,
this means that the mixer oil reserve is being used; in this case, provide for topping up, see p. 33 (MIXER OIL TANK).
Comes on when the gear is in neutral.
Description
Multifunction
digital display
(left side)
Function
Speedometer
(km/h - MPH)
Indicates the instantaneous, average or maximum driving speed according to the presetting, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Odometer (km - mi)
Indicates the partial or total number of kilometres or miles covered.
Coolant
temperature
(˚C / ˚F)
Indicates the temperature of the coolant in the engine, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
If a temperature of 115˚C÷130˚C (239˚F÷266˚F) is indicated, stop the engine and check the coolant level, see p. 36 (COOLANT).
To alternate the
If the writing "LLL" appears, stop the engine and check the coolant lev- data displayed,
el, see p. 36 (COOLANT).
see p. 18
(MULTIFUNCIf the maximum allowed temperature (130˚C - 266 ˚F) is exceed- TION COMPUed, the engine may be seriously damaged.
TER).
Multifunction
digital display
(right side)
( h)
a
Clock
Indicates the hour and minutes according to the presetting, see p. 18
(MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Battery voltage
(V BATT)
Indicates the battery voltage, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Chronometer
Indicates the various timings according to the presetting, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
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MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER
When the ignition key (1) is rotated to position “ n ”, the following warning lights
come on on the dashboard:
– red line warning light LED (max) (2).
– red mixer oil reserve warning light LED
(j) (3) - for about 0.5 seconds.
The pointer (4) of the revolution counter
shifts to the maximum value (rpm) set by
the user.
After about 3 seconds the red line warning
light LED (max) (2) goes off; the pointer
(4) of the revolution counter returns to its
initial position. In this way the component
operation is tested.
After the first 1000 km (625 mi)
and successively every 4000 km
(2500 mi), the writing “SERVICE”
(5) appears on the right display. In this
case contact an aprilia Official Dealer,
who will carry out the operations indicated in the regular service intervals
a
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use and maintenance RS 250
chart, see p. 47 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART).
To make the writing “SERVICE” disappear, press the “LAP” push button (6)
and then the push button R and keep
them pressed for about 5 seconds.
With the ignition key (1) in position “n” the
standard settings on the dashboard are
the following:
Right display: Clock (7), coolant temperature in ˚C (8).
Left display : Instantaneous speed in
km/h (9), trip 1 (trip odometer) (10), total
kilometres/miles odometer (11).
Upon installation of the battery or of the
20A fuse:
◆ The revolution counter pointer (4) makes
12 clockwise clicks, thus checking the
operation of the revolution counter itself.
◆ The instantaneous, maximum and average speed function is set in “km/h”.
◆ The digital clock is set to zero.
c
◆
The red line is set at 6000 rpm.
If necessary, carry out the appropriate adjustments.
SEGMENT OPERATION CHECK
◆ Press the push buttons A and B at the
same time.
◆ Rotate the ignition key (1) from position
“m” to position “n”.
All the segments will remain on until the
push buttons A and B are released.
SWITCHING FROM km TO mi (from
km/h to MPH) AND VICEVERSA (LEFT
DISPLAY)
◆ Press the push button A until, after
about 5 seconds, all the writings (12) on
the left display start blinking.
◆ Release the push button A.
Press the push button B to change the
unit of measurement from “km” to “mi”
(from “km” to “MPH”) and viceversa.
◆ To confirm the setting, press the push
button A for about 5 seconds.
◆
SETTING THE INSTANTANEOUS, MAXIMUM AND AVERAGE SPEED (LEFT
DISPLAY)
Two seconds after the vehicle
has started moving, the instantaneous speed is automatically shown on
the display, even if a different function
is set.
When the ignition key is rotated to position
“n”, the instantaneous speed (1) and the
partial number of kilometres/miles covered (trip 1) (2) appear on the left display.
Resetting “trip 1” (2): with the odometer
set on the instantaneous speed function,
press the push button R for about 2 seconds.
c
◆
To display the maximum speed (3) and
the distance “trip 1” (2), press the push
button B for about 1 second.
The writing “V max” (4), the maximum
speed (3) and the distance “trip 1” (2) are
displayed.
Resetting the maximum speed (3): with
the odometer set on the “V max” function,
press the push button R for about 2 seconds.
The writing “AVS” (7), the average
speed (5) and the distance “trip 2” (6) are
displayed.
Resetting the average speed (5) and the
distance “trip 2” (6): with the odometer set
on the “AVS” function, press the push button R for about 1 second.
c
The measurement of the maximum speed is relevant to the distance covered from the last setting to
zero fo the maximum speed itself. The
distance “trip 1” (2) shown on the display
indicates the number of kilometres/miles
covered from the last setting to zero.
The measurement of the average
speed is relevant to the distance
“trip 2” (odometer).
The distance “trip 2” (6) shown on the
display indicates the number of kilometres/miles covered from the last setting
to zero.
If more than 1000 km (625 mi) are covered without setting “trip 2” to zero, the
value of the average speed will be
wrong.
◆
◆
c
To display the average speed (5) and the
distance “trip 2” (6), press the push button B again for about 1 second.
To display the instantaneous speed (1)
and the distance “trip 1” (2), press the
push button B again.
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SETTING THE RED LINE THRESHOLD
(WITH ENGINE OFF ONLY)
When the maximum rpm set is exceeded, the red line warning light LED “max”
(2) positioned on the dashboard starts
blinking.
If the push button C is pressed for less
than one second, the pointer (1) of the
revolution counter (1) shifts to the red line
value set for 3 seconds, after which it returns to its initial position.
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use and maintenance RS 250
For the setting:
Press the push button C, release it and
press it again within 3 seconds. The
pointer (1) moves increasing the value
by 1000 rpm at each step, as long as C
is kept pressed; when it has reached the
maximum value, it starts again from the
beginning.
◆ Press the push button C until the desired rpm value has been set.
◆ If the push button C is released and
then pressed again within 3 seconds, intermittently, the pointer (1) moves increasing the value by 100 rpm per pulsation; when it has reached the maximum
value, it starts again from the beginning.
◆
◆
To confirm, release the push button C.
After 3 seconds, the red line threshold
setting is stored.
c
The setting is confirmed by the
coming on of the red line warning light LED “max” (2).
MULTIFUNCTION (RIGHT DISPLAY)
The right display (multifunction) includes
the coolant temperature in ˚C (˚F) (1) and
the digital clock (2) as standard settings.
c
When the engine is cold, the
writing “COLD” blinks.
By pressing the push button D, the following functions can be obtained in sequence:
Standard setting:
temperature in ˚C and digital clock
D
Battery voltage (V BATT)
D
Hour setting
D
Minute setting
D
˚C or ˚F setting
STANDARD SETTING:
COOLANT TEMPERATURE
AND DIGITAL CLOCK
The coolant temperature value (1) is
shown in the upper part of the right display.
It is possible to switch from ˚C to ˚F and
viceversa, see p. 22 (SETTING ˚C OR ˚F).
◆ When the temperature is below 35˚C
(95˚F), the writing “Cold” (1) blinks on
the right display.
◆ When the temperature is over 115˚C
(239˚F), the value (1) blinks on the right
display, even if a function different from
the standard setting has been set.
◆ When the temperature is over 130˚C
(266˚F), the writing “LLL” (1) appears
on the right display.
◆ Thermometer range: 0 - 130˚C (32 - 266
˚F).
The digital clock (2) appears in the lower
part of the right display.
To set or modify hour and minutes, see p.
22 (SETTING THE HOUR) and p. 22
(SETTING THE MINUTES).
BATTERY VOLTAGE - VBATT
◆ If the push button D is pressed once, the
battery voltage expressed in volt (3) appears in the lower part of the right display, while the coolant temperature (1)
is displayed in the upper part.
The writing “V BATT” (4) is displayed.
The recharge circuit functions correctly
if at 4000 rpm the battery voltage with
low beam on is included between 13
and 15 V.
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21
2
SETTING THE HOUR
When the push button D is pressed for
the second time, the hour segments (1)
start blinking in the lower part of the right
display (digital clock).
◆ To modify the hour setting, press the
“LAP” push button (2) on the left part of
the handlebar.
◆ To confirm the hour setting, press the
push button D.
◆
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SETTING THE MINUTES
When the push button D is pressed for
the third time, the minute segments (3)
start blinking in the lower part of the right
display (digital clock).
◆ To modify the minute setting, press the
“LAP” push button (2) on the left part of
the handlebar.
◆ To confirm the minute setting, press the
push button D.
◆
SETTING ˚C OR ˚F
When the push button D is pressed for
the fourth time, the segments of the coolant temperature in ˚C or ˚F (4) start blinking in the upper part of the display.
◆ To modify from ˚C to ˚F setting, or vice
versa, press the “LAP” push button (2)
on the left part of the handlebar.
◆ To confirm the setting, press the push
button D.
◆
1
CHRONOMETER (RIGHT DISPLAY)
The chronometer makes it possible to
measure the time per lap with the vehicle
on a racetrack and to store the data, in
such a way as to be able to consult them
successively.
When the “CHRONOMETER” function
has been selected, it is not possible to recall the following functions:
◆ Maximum speed “V max”
◆ Average speed “AVS”
◆ Distance “trip 2”.
◆ To operate the chronometer, press the
“LAP” push button (1) and, within 0.7
seconds, the push button D.
c
◆
To start timing, press the “LAP” push
button (1) and release it immediately.
◆ To store the time acquired, press the
“LAP” push button (1).
It is possible to store max. 40
times, after which the “LAP”
push button (1) is not effective any
longer.
The “LAP” push button (1) is not enabled
for 10 seconds and the last time stored (2)
is shown on the display.
After which, the chronometer with the current timing (3) is displayed, starting from
10 seconds.
◆ To display the first time stored (4), press
the push button B.
◆ To be able to see the stored times in sequence, press the “LAP” push button (1).
The writings L1, L2, L3, L4, etc. (5)
are displayed.
◆ To start timing again, press the push button B.
◆
To set the memory to zero, press the
push button A and the “LAP” push button (1) at the same time for 2 seconds.
◆ To leave the chronometer function, press
the “LAP” push button (1) and the push
button D.
The coolant temperature (6) and the digital clock (7) appear on the right display
(multifunction).
c
When the engine is cold, the
writing “COLD” is displayed.
use and maintenance RS 250
23
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS
5
3
3) DIMMER SWITCH ( b - a ) _
When it is in position “ b ” the parking lights, the dashboard
light and the low beam are always on.
When it is in position “ a ”, the high beam comes on.
4
2
1
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR
c
The electrical parts work only when the ignition
switch is in position "n".
1) HORN PUSH BUTTON ( f )
The horn is activated when the push button is pressed.
2) DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH ( c )
To indicate the turn to the left, move the switch to the left; to
indicate the turn to the right, move the switch to the right.
To turn off the direction indicator, press the switch.
24
3) DIMMER SWITCH ( b - a )
When the light switch is in position “ o ”, see p. 25 (CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART OF THE HANDLEBAR): if the
dimmer switch is in position "a”, the high beam comes on,
while if it is in position "b", the low beam comes on.
use and maintenance RS 250
4) “LAP” PUSH BUTTON (multifunction)
The following functions can be alternately shown on the right
multifunction display by means of this push button:
– hour and minutes;
– coolant temperature (˚C or ˚F);
– chronometer.
c
For the setting of the functions, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
5) COLD START LEVER (e)
The starter for the cold start of the engine is operated by rotating the lever "e" downwards.
To disconnect the starter, move the lever "e" to its initial position.
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT PART
OF THE HANDLEBAR
c
The electrical parts work only when the ignition
switch is in position "n".
1) ENGINE STOP SWITCH (n - m)
a
1
Do not operate the engine stop switch “n - m” in
running conditions.
This is a safety or emergency switch.
With the switch in position "n", it is possible to start the engine; the engine can be stopped by moving the switch to position "m".
2
3
a
With stopped engine and ignition switch in position "n", the battery may discharge.
When the vehicle has come to rest, after stopping
the engine, move the ignition switch to position "m".
2) HEADLIGHT SWITCH ( o - p - • )
(not provided in the _ version)
When the light switch is in position "•", the lights are off; when
the switch is in position "p", the parking lights and the dashboard light are on; when the switch is in position "o", the
parking lights, the dashboard light and the low beam are on.
The high beam can be operated by means of the dimmer
switch, see p. 24 (CONTROLS ON THE LEFT PART OF THE
HANDLEBAR).
3) HIGH BEAM SIGNALLING PUSH BUTTON (a)
It makes it possible to use the high beam for signalling to
forthcoming vehicles while overtaking and in case of peril
and/or emergency.
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25
Position
Function
I
93
3
PU
SH
PU
SH
1
Z AD I
Q
IGNITION SWITCH
The ignition switch (1) is positioned on the
upper plate of the steering column.
c
The key operates the ignition
switch/steering lock, the fuel
tank lock and the glove/tool kit compartment lock.
Two keys are supplied together with the
vehicle (one spare key).
26
use and maintenance RS 250
The steering is
locked.
It is neither
possible to
start the
engine, nor
to switch on
the lights.
It is possible to
remove the
key.
m
Neither the
engine, nor
the lights
can be
switched on.
It is possible to
remove the
key.
n
The engine
and the
lights can be
switched on.
It is not possible to
remove the
key.
s
Steering
lock
STEERING LOCK
a
Never turn the key to position
"s" in running conditions, in order to avoid losing control of the
vehicle.
OPERATION
To lock the steering:
◆ Turn the handlebar completely leftwards.
◆ Turn the key to position "m".
◆ Press the key and rotate it to position "s".
◆ Extract the key.
Key
removal
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
REMOVING
THE PASSENGER SEAT
◆ Remove the glove/tool kit compartment
cover, see p. 28 (GLOVE/TOOL KIT
COMPARTMENT).
◆ ★ Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
Screw (1) driving torque:
12 Nm (1.2 kgm)
Do not use any tool (screwdriver, etc.) for the removal and insertion of the grab strap loop (2).
◆ ★ Withdraw the passenger grab strap
(3), push it from the inside of the compartment removing the grab strap loop
(2).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4) and
take the bushing and the nut.
Screw (4) driving torque:
7 Nm (0.7 kgm).
c
◆
Working inside the compartment, unscrew and remove the nut (5), taking
care not to lose it.
◆ Raise and remove the passenger seat (6).
◆ Position the plugs (7) and (8) on the rear
part of the fairing and fasten them with the
suitable screws and the relevant nuts.
◆ Put the screws (1), the screw (4) with the
relevant bushing and nut and the nut (5)
in the tool kit envelope.
c
The inside of the right (9) and left
(10) plugs is marked with the
codes “DX” (right) or “SX” (left) (assembly side) and “UP” with an arrow (assembly direction).
◆
Correctly insert the plugs (9) and (10) in
the strap passage points.
◆ Put the passenger seat (6) and the passenger grab strap (3) in the compartment.
CRASH HELMET HOOK
Thanks to the crash helmet hook, you no
longer have to carry the crash helmet with
you every time you park the vehicle.
Do not ride with the crash helmet
hanging from the hook, as this
may seriously compromise your
safety.
To hang the crash helmet:
◆ Remove the glove/tool kit compartment
cover, see p. 28 (GLOVE/TOOL KIT
COMPARTMENT).
◆ Withdraw the eyelet (11) of the cable
(12) from the hook (13).
◆ Pass the cable (12) through the visor
opening or through the apposite loop on
the crash helmet.
◆ Insert the eyelet (11) completely in the
hook (13).
◆ Put back the cover and lock it.
a
use and maintenance RS 250
27
5
4
&
GLOVE/TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT
SPECIAL TOOLS
The glove/tool kit compartment is positioned under the passenger seat; to reach
it:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Insert the key (1) in the lock (2).
◆ Rotate the key (1) clockwise.
◆ Remove the compartment cover (3).
To perform some specific operations, it is
advisable to use the following special
tools (to be requested to an aprilia Official
Dealer):
The tool kit (4) includes:
– 3, 4, 5, 6 mm Allen spanners
– 8-10 mm double fork spanner
– 11-13 mm double fork spanner
– 6-7 mm double socket spanner
– 21 mm spark plug socket spanner
– Cross-/cut-headed screwdriver
– Tool case
Max. allowed weight: 1.5 kg
28
use and maintenance RS 250
REAR MUDGUARD EXTENSION
Tool
Operations
Rear support
stand
Transmission oil change. 49
Rear wheel disassembly. 52
Drive chain
adjustment.
54
Front support
stand.
Front wheel disassembly.
50
Square prong
spanner.
Adjustment of the rear
shock absorber ring nut.
64
Adjustment of the shock
Spanner to
absorber axis distance.
adjust the
shock absorber
axis distance
Page
_
&
The extension of the rear mudguard (5) is
extremely useful when the road surface is
wet, in fact it reduces the reach of the water spray caused by the rear wheel.
c
The rear mudguard extension (5)
is supplied as standard component in the countries where this is required for the homologation.
TRANSMISSION OIL
MAIN COMPONENTS
Check the transmission oil level every
4000 km (2500 mi), see p. 50 (CHECKING THE TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL
AND TOPPING UP).
Change the transmission oil after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
12000 km (7500 mi), see p. 51 (CHANGING THE TRANSMISSION OIL).
FUEL
a
The fuel used for internal combustion engines is extremely inflammable and in particular conditions it can become explosive. It is
important to carry out the refuelling and
the maintenance operations in a wellventilated area, with the engine off. Do
not smoke while refuelling or near fuel
vapours, in any case avoid any contact
with naked flames, sparks and any other heat source to prevent the fuel from
catching fire or from exploding. Further,
prevent fuel from flowing out of the fuel
filler, as it could catch fire when getting
in contact with the red-hot surfaces of
the engine.
In case some fuel has accidentally been
spilt, make sure that the area has completely dried and before starting the vehicle verify that there is no fuel inside
the fuel filler neck.
Since petrol expands under the heat of
the sun and due to the effects of sun radiation, never fill the tank to the brim.
Screw the plug up carefully after refuelling. Avoid any contact of the fuel with
the skin and the inhalation of vapours;
do not swallow fuel or pour it from a receptacle into another by means of a
tube.
2
1
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
Use only premium grade unleaded petrol,
in conformity with the DIN 51607 standard, min. O.N. 95 (N.O.R.M.) and 85
(N.O.M.M.).
FUEL TANK CAPACITY
(reserve included): 19.5 l
TANK RESERVE: 3.6 l (mechanical reserve)
To refuel, proceed as follows:
◆ Insert the key (1) in the tank plug lock
(2).
◆ Turn the key clockwise, pull and open
the fuel flap.
c
a
Use high-quality 75W-90 oil, see
p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART).
Engine oil can cause serious
damage to the skin if handled
every day and for long periods.
Wash your hands carefully after using
the oil.
Do not dispose of the oil in the environment.
Put it in a sealed container and take it to
the filling station where you usually buy
it or to an oil salvage center.
In case any maintenance operation has
to be carried out, it is advisable to use
latex gloves.
use and maintenance RS 250
29
a
Make sure that the brake discs
are neither oily nor greasy, especially after maintenance or
checking operations.
Check that the brake cables are neither
twisted nor worn out.
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit.
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it
is advisable to use latex gloves.
BRAKE FLUID (recommendations)
c
This vehicle is provided with
front and rear disc brakes, with
separate hydraulic circuits.
The following information refers to a
single braking system, but is valid for
both.
a
Sudden resistance or clearance
problems on the brake lever may
be due to troubles in the hydraulic system.
For any doubt regarding the perfect
functioning of the braking system and
in case you are not able to carry out the
usual checking operations, contact
your aprilia Official Dealer.
30
use and maintenance RS 250
If the brake fluid gets in contact with the
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious irritations.
Carefully wash the parts of your body
that get in contact with the liquid.
Consult a doctor or an oculist if the liquid gets in contact with your eyes.
Do not dispose of the brake fluid in the
environment.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
a
When using the brake fluid, take
care not to spill it on the plastic
or painted parts, since it can
damage them.
DISC BRAKES
a
The brakes are the parts that
most ensure your safety and for
this reason they must always be
perfectly working.
The brake fluid must be changed once a
year by an aprilia Official Dealer.
Use brake fluid of the type specified in
the lubricant chart, see p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART).
This vehicle is provided with front and rear
hydraulic disc brakes.
When the disc pads wear out, the level of
the fluid decreases to automatically compensate for their wear.
The front brake fluid tank is positioned on
the right part of the handlebar, near the
front brake lever coupling.
The rear brake fluid tank is positioned under the upper part of the fairing, on the
right side of the vehicle.
Periodically check the brake fluid level in
the tanks, see p. 31 (FRONT BRAKE),
p. 32 (REAR BRAKE) and the wear of the
pads, see p. 66 (CHECKING THE BRAKE
PAD WEAR).
3
a
When topping up, never exceed
the “MAX” level.
It is advisable to top up until
reaching the “MAX” level only with new
pads.
1
3
4
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
2
FRONT BRAKE
Topping up:
Checking
The brake fluid may flow out of
the tank. Do not operate the front
brake lever if the screws (2) are
loose or, most important, if the brake
fluid tank cover has been removed.
c
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
a
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND) and rotate the handlebar
completely rightwards.
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the "MIN" mark.
◆ If the fluid does not reach the "MIN"
mark, provide for topping up.
◆
Unscrew the two screws (1) of the brake
fluid tank (2).
◆ Raise and remove the cover (3) together
with the screws and the gasket (4).
c
◆
To reassemble the components, follow
the reverse order.
a
Check the braking efficiency. If
necessary, contact your aprilia
Official Dealer.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever, of excessive elasticity or in case
there is air in the circuit, contact your
aprilia Official Dealer, since it may be
necessary to bleed the system.
In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping up, do not
shake the vehicle.
◆
Fill the tank (2) with brake fluid, see p. 86
(LUBRICANT CHART), until reaching
the correct level between the “MIN” and
“MAX” marks.
use and maintenance RS 250
31
◆
◆
2
1
2
1
3
REAR BRAKE
Topping up
Checking
c
The brake fluid may flow out of
the tank. Do not operate the rear
brake lever if the brake fluid tank
plug is loose or has been removed.
◆
◆
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, so
that the fluid contained in the tank (1) is
parallel to the plug (2).
◆ Make sure that the fluid level exceeds
the "MIN" mark.
◆ If the fluid does not reach the "MIN"
mark, provide for topping up.
32
use and maintenance RS 250
a
Remove the battery, see p. 70 (REMOVING THE BATTERY).
◆ Working inside the battery compartment,
unscrew and remove the plug (2).
c
In order not to spill the brake fluid while topping up, keep the fluid in the tank parallel to the tank rim (in
horizontal position).
Remove the gasket (3).
By means of a syringe, fill the brake fluid
tank (1), see p. 86 (LUBRICANT
CHART) until reaching the correct level
between the “MIN” and “MAX” marks.
a
It is advisable to top up until
reaching the “MAX” level only
with new pads.
When the disc pads wear out, the level
of the fluid decreases progressively to
compensate for their wear.
Do not reach the “MAX” level with worn
out pads, since this will cause a fluid
outflow when the pads are changed.
◆
To reassemble the components, follow
the reverse order.
a
Check the braking efficiency. If
necessary, contact your aprilia
Official Dealer.
In case of excessive stroke of the brake
lever, of excessive elasticity or in case
there is air in the circuit, contact your
aprilia Official Dealer, since it may be
necessary to bleed the system.
MIXER OIL TANK
The vehicle is provided with a separate
mixer that ensures the mixing of petrol
and oil for the engine lubrication, see p. 86
(LUBRICANT CHART).
The mixer oil reserve is indicated by the
coming on of the mixer oil reserve warning
light LED “ j ” positioned on the dashboard, see p. 16 (INSTRUMENTS AND
INDICATORS TABLE).
a
Check the mixer oil level every
500 km (312 mi).
The use of the vehicle without
mixer oil seriously damages the engine.
If you run out of oil in the mixer oil tank
or if the mixer oil pipe has been removed, contact an aprilia Official Dealer, who will provide for bleeding the
system.
This operation is indispensable, since
the running of the engine with air in the
mixer oil system may result in serious
damage to the engine.
3
2
1
To introduce the mixer oil in the tank, proceed as follows:
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1).
◆ Remove the clip (2).
◆ Remove the plug (3).
TANK CAPACITY: 1.6 l
TANK RESERVE: 0.3 l
a
Carefully wash your hands after
handling the oil.
Do not dispose of the mixer oil in
the environment.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
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33
1
7
3
3
4
2
1
6
1
2
4
3
4
5
2
ADJUSTING THE FRONT BRAKE
CONTROL LEVER
It is possible to adjust the distance between the lever (1) end and the grip (2), by
rotating the adjuster (3).
The positions “1” and “4” correspond to an
approximate distance of 136 and 103 mm,
respectively, between the lever end and
the grip.
The positions “2” and “3” correspond to intermediate distances.
◆ Push the control lever (1) forward and rotate the adjuster (3) until the desired
number coincides with the reference arrow.
34
use and maintenance RS 250
8
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE
The brake pedal is positioned ergonomically during the assembly of the vehicle.
If necessary, it is possible to adjust the
height of the brake pedal:
◆ Loosen the lock nut (4).
◆ Unscrew the brake adjuster (5) completely.
◆ Screw the lock nut (6) completely on the
pump control rod (7).
◆ Screw the pump control rod (7) completely, then unscrew it by giving 3-4
turns.
◆ Screw the brake adjuster (5) until the
brake pedal (8) reaches the desired
height.
◆ Lock the brake adjuster (5) by means of
the lock nut (4).
◆ Unscrew the pump control rod (7) and
bring it in contact with the pump piston.
◆ Screw the rod in order to ensure a minimum clearance of 0.5¸1 mm between
the pump control rod (7) and the pump
piston.
a
Make sure that there is a certain
clearance between the brake adjuster (5) and the point of contact, to prevent the brake from remaining operated and the consequent
untimely wear of the braking elements.
Clearance between brake adjuster and
point of contact: 0.5 ¸ 1 mm.
◆
Lock the pump control rod by means of
the lock nut (6).
a
Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact an aprilia
Official Dealer.
After the adjustment, make sure that the
wheel rotates freely with released
brake.
2
◆
◆
4
7
5
1
3
6
10 mm
ADJUSTING THE CLUTCH
Adjust the clutch and if the engine stops or
tends to advance when the clutch lever is
pulled and the gears are engaged, or if the
clutch slips causing a delay in the acceleration in comparison with the engine speed.
Minor adjustments can be carried out by
means of the adjuster (1):
◆ Withdraw the protection element (2).
◆ Loosen the lock nut (3).
◆ Rotate the adjuster (1) until the idle
stroke at the end of the clutch lever is
about 10 mm (see figure).
◆ Tighten the lock nut (3) and check the
adjustment again.
If the adjuster is completely screwed or
unscrewed, or if it is not possible to obtain
the correct idle stroke:
◆ Withdraw the protection element (2).
◆ Loosen the lock nut (3) and tighten the
adjuster (1) completely.
◆ Tighten the lock nut (3).
◆ Remove the split pin (4).
◆ Move the right fairing (5) slightly outwards.
◆ Loosen the lock nut at the lower end of
the clutch cable (6), on the right side of
the engine.
◆ Rotate the adjuster (7) in such a way as
to obtain the prescribed idle stroke.
◆ Tighten the lock nut (6) and check the
adjustment again.
◆ Put back the fairing (5).
◆ Insert the split pin (4).
Start the engine, see p. 40 (STARTING).
Operate the clutch completely and and
engage the 1st gear.
Make sure that the engine does not stop,
that the vehicle does not tend to advance
or that the clutch does not slip during the
acceleration phase or while the vehicle is
running.
a
c
If it is not possible to obtain a
correct adjustment or if the
clutch does not function properly, contact your aprilia Official Dealer.
Make sure that the clutch cable
is intact: it must not present flattened parts and the sheath must not be
worn out in any point.
◆
Periodically lubricate the clutch cable
with a suitable lubricant, see p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART), in order to avoid its
untimely wear and corrosion.
use and maintenance RS 250
35
a
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed, it is advisable to use latex gloves.
The coolant is made up of 50% water and
50% antifreeze.
This mixture is ideal for most running temperatures and ensures good protection
against corrosion.
Ii is advisable to keep the same mixture
also in the hot season, since in this way
losses due to evaporation are reduced and
it is not necessary to top up very frequently.
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator
by evaporated water are thus reduced and
the efficiency of the cooling system remains unchanged.
If the outdoor temperature is below 0˚,
check the cooling circuit frequently and if
necessary increase the antifreeze concentration (up to maximum 60%).
For the cooling solution use distilled water,
in order not to damage the engine.
a
Do not remove the expansion
tank cap when the engine is hot,
since the coolant is under pressure and its temperature is high.
The coolant is noxious: do not
swallow it; if the coolant gets in
contact with the skin or the eyes,
it can cause serious irritations.
If the coolant gets in contact with your
skin or eyes, rinse with plenty of water
and consult a doctor. If it is swallowed,
induce vomit, rinse mouth and throat
with plenty of water and consult a doctor without delay.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
COOLANT
a
Do not use the vehicle if the
coolant is below the minimum
prescribed level.
Check the coolant level every 2000 km
(1250 mi) and after long rides; change it
every 24 months.
Be careful not to spill the coolant on the
red-hot parts of the engine: it may catch
fire and send out invisible flames.
Have the coolant changed by an
aprilia Official Dealer.
36
use and maintenance RS 250
a
3
1
Checking and topping up
◆
a
Check the coolant level and top
up the expansion tank with cold
engine.
◆
Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.
◆
◆
c
◆
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
◆
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
Make sure that the coolant level in the
expansion tank (1) is included between
the “MIN” and “MAX” marks stamped
on the transparent pipe (2) (see figure).
If not, unscrew and remove the filling
plug (3).
Top up with coolant, see p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART), until the coolant level is
included between the “MIN” and “MAX”
marks stamped on the transparent pipe
(2).
Do not exceed this level, otherwise the
fluid will flow out of the tank when the engine is running.
Put back the filling plug (3).
a
In case of excessive consumption of coolant and in case the
tank remains empty, make sure
that there are no leaks in the circuit.
Have it repaired by an aprilia Official
Dealer.
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37
TYRES
This vehicle is provided with tubeless
tyres.
a
Periodically check the tyre inflation pressure at room temperature, see p. 82 (TECHNICAL DA-
TA).
If the tyres are hot, the measurement is
not correct.
Carry out the measurement especially
before and after long rides.
If the inflation pressure is too high, the
ground unevenness cannot be dampened and is therefore transmitted to the
handlebar, thus compromising the driving comfort and reducing the road holding during turns.
If, on the contrary, the inflation pressure is too low, the tyre sides are under
greater stress and the tyre itself may
slip on the rim or it may become loose,
with consequent loss of control of the
vehicle.
In case of sudden braking the tyres
could even get out of the rims. Further,
the vehicle could skid while turning.
Check the surface and the wear of the
tyres, since tyres in bad conditions can
impair both the grip and the controllability of the vehicle.
38
use and maintenance RS 250
Change the tyre when it is worn out or
in case of puncture on the tread side, if
the puncture is larger than 5 mm.
After repairing a tyre, have the wheels
balanced. Use only tyres in the size
suggested by aprilia, see p. 82 (TECHNICAL DATA).
Make sure that the tyres always have
their valve sealing caps on, to prevent
them from suddenly going flat.
Change, repair, maintenance and balancing operations are very important
and should be carried out by qualified
technicians with appropriate tools.
For this reason, it is advisable to have
the above mentioned operations carried
out by an aprilia Official Dealer or by a
qualified tyre repairer.
If the tyres are new, they may still be
covered with a slippery film: drive carefully for the first miles. Do not oil the
tyres with unsuitable fluids.
If the tyres are old, even if not completely worn out, they may become hard and
may not ensure good road holding.
In this case, replace them.
MINIMUM TREAD DEPTH LIMIT
front: ............................................... 2 mm
rear: ................................................ 2 mm
2
CATALYTIC SILENCERS
(for the catalytic version only)
a
Avoid parking the vehicle-catalytic version near dry brush
wood or in places easily accessible to children, as the catalytic silencer
becomes extremely hot during use; be
very careful and avoid any kind of contact before it has completely cooled
down.
The catalytic vehicle is fitted with two silencers with metal catalytic converter of the
"platinum-rhodium bivalent" type.
This device provides for the oxidation of
the CO (carbon monoxide) and of the HC
(unburned hydrocarbons) contained in the
exhaust gases, changing them into carbon
dioxide and steam, respectively.
a
Do not use leaded petrol, since it
causes the destruction of the
catalytic converter.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
a
Before departure, always carry
out a preliminary checking of the
vehicle to make sure that it functions correctly and safely, see the following table (PRELIMINARY CHECKING
OPERATIONS). The non-performance of
these checking operations can cause
severe personal injuries or damages to
the vehicle.
Do not hesitate to consult your aprilia
Official Dealer in case there is something you do not understand about the
functioning of some controls or in case
you suspect or discover some irregularities.
It does not take long to carry out a
check-up and this operation ensures
you much more safety.
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS
Component
Check
Page
Front and rear disc
brakes
Check the functioning, the idle stroke of the control
levers, the fluid level and make sure there are no leaks.
Check the wear of the pads. If necessary, top up the
fluid tank.
30-3132-66
Accelerator
Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible
to open and close it completely, in all steering positions.
If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it.
67
Mixer oil/
transmission oil
Check and/or top up if necessary.
Wheel/tyres
Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and
tear and any damage.
38
Brake levers
Make sure that they work smoothly. If necessary, lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke.
34
Clutch
The idle stroke at the end of the clutch lever must be
about 10 mm; the clutch must operate without jerking
and/or slipping.
35
Side stand and center
stand
Fastening elements
33-50-51
Make sure that it works smoothly and that the spring
tension brings it back to its normal position. If necessary, lubricate joints and hinges. Make sure that the
safety switch on the side stand operates correctly.
Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose.
If necessary, adjust or tighten them.
73-74
—
56-57
Drive chain
Check the slack.
Fuel tank
Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary. Make
sure there are no leaks or air bubbles in the circuit.
29-59-79
Coolant
The coolant level in the expansion tank must be
included between the "MIN" and "MAX" marks.
36-37
Lights, warning lights,
horn and electric
devices
Check the proper functioning of the acoustic and visual
devices.
Change the bulbs or intervene in case of failure.
69÷78
use and maintenance RS 250
39
2
ON
RES
PU
SH
OFF
1
STARTING
a
Exhaust gases contain carbon
monoxide, which is extremely
noxious if inhaled.
Avoid starting the engine in closed or
badly-ventilated rooms.
The non-observance of this warning
may cause loss of consciousness or
even lead to death by asphyxia.
c
With the side stand down, the
engine can be started only if the
gears are in neutral; in this case, if you
try to engage the gears, the engine
stops.
With the side stand up, it is possible to
start the engine either in neutral gear or
with engaged gears and pulled in clutch
lever.
40
use and maintenance RS 250
◆
◆
◆
a
Let the stand up.
Get on the vehicle.
Move the fuel tap lever (1) to position
"ON".
◆ Rotate the key (2) and move the ignition
switch to position "n".
At this point on the dashboard:
– the red mixer oil reserve warning light
LED “j” comes on on the dashboard;
– the red line warning light LED “max”
comes on for about three seconds and
the revolution counter pointer shifts to
the preset red line threshold.
At the beginning, set the red line
threshold at a low value. Increase the threshold gradually
as you get acquainted with the vehicle.
During running-in, never exceed the
maximum rpm recommended, see p. 45
(RUNNING-IN).
It is possible to set the unit of
measurement of the speedometer (km or mi) and of the coolant temperature (˚C or ˚F), the red line threshold,
the clock functions and if necessary the
chronometer, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
◆
c
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Lock at least one wheel, by pulling a
brake lever.
Position the shifting lever in neutral
(green warning light "q" on).
Move the engine stop switch (3) to position "n".
Make sure that the light switch (4) is in
position “• ”.
_ Make sure that the dimmer switch (5)
is in position “b”.
If the vehicle is started with cold engine,
rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) downwards.
Starting with cold engine.
When the room temperature is low (about
0 ˚C / 32 ˚F), it may be difficult to start the
engine at the first attempt.
In this case:
◆ Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) downwards.
◆ Press the start pedal (7) with energy for
a few times and at the same time rotate
the throttle grip (8) slightly.
◆
◆
Rotate the start pedal (7) outwards.
Press the start pedal (7) without accelerating.
a
As soon as the engine has started, the red mixer oil reserve
warning light LED “j” must go
out. If this does not occur, or if the
warning light comes on while the engine is running, top up the mixer oil
tank, see p. 33 (MIXER OIL TANK).
◆
Keep at least one brake lever pulled and
do not accelerate until you start.
a
Never leave abruptly with cold
engine.
To reduce the emission of polluting substances and the consumption of
fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding
at low speed for the first miles.
◆
Starting with flooded engine.
If the starting is not carried out properly or
if there is too much fuel in the intake ducts
and in the carburettor, the engine may get
flooded.
To clean a flooded engine:
◆
Carry out the first nine operations described for the starting procedure.
◆ Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) upwards.
◆ Press the start pedal (7) with energy for a
few times (letting the engine spin over)
with completely open throttle (8) (Pos.
B).
If the engine starts.
◆ Release the throttle grip (8).
◆ Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) upwards.
If the idling is unstable, twist the throttle
grip (8) slightly and frequently.
If the engine does not start.
Wait for a few seconds and then repeat the
starting procedure.
STARTING AFTER A LONG PERIOD
OF INACTIVITY
After a long period of inactivity, push the
start pedal (7) with energy for a few times
without accelerating, in order to ensure
the filling of the fuel circuit.
To start the engine, slightly open the throttle and carry out the starting procedure.
Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) upwards after the engine has warmed up.
use and maintenance RS 250
41
DEPARTURE AND DRIVE
2
a
This vehicle is considerably
powerful and must be used gradually and with the greatest care.
Do not place objects behind the front
part of the fairing.
ON
RES
c
Before departure, carefully read
the "SAFE DRIVE" chapter, see
p. 5 (SAFE DRIVE).
If you run out of the "standard" fuel
quantity while riding, move the fuel tap
lever (1) to position "RES", in order to
use the fuel reserve.
Fuel reserve: 3.6 l (mechanical reserve).
a
If you drive without passenger,
make sure that the passenger
footrests are folded.
While riding, keep your hands on the
grips and your feet on the footrests.
NEVER RIDE IN ANY POSITION OTHER
THAN THOSE INDICATED.
If you drive with a passenger, instruct
him/her so that he/she does not create
problems during manouvres.
42
use and maintenance RS 250
A
OFF
1
To leave:
◆ Adjust the inclination of the rear-view
mirrors correctly.
a
With the vehicle at rest, try to get
acquainted with the use of the
rear-view mirrors. The reflecting
surface is convex, therefore the objects
seem to be farther away than they actually are. These mirrors offer a “wide-angle” view and only experience will allow
you to evaluate the distance of the following vehicles correctly.
◆
Ride at reduced speed for the first miles,
in order to warm the engine up.
B
◆
With released throttle grip (2) (Pos. A)
and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (3)
completely.
◆ Engage the first gear, by pressing the
shifting lever (4) downwards.
◆ Release the brake lever (pulled on the
starting).
a
On departure, the abrupt release
of the clutch lever may cause the
engine to stall or the vehicle to
jerk forwards.
Never accelerate abruptly or excessively when releasing the clutch lever, in order to prevent the clutch from "slipping" (slow release) or the front wheel
from raising (rearing up) (quick release).
6a
5a
4a
3a
2a
3
4
4
1a
◆
Slowly release the clutch lever (3) and at
the same time accelerate by rotating the
throttle grip moderately (2) (Pos. B).
The vehicle will start moving.
a
◆
Never exceed the recommended
rpm, see p. 45 (RUNNING-IN).
Increase the speed by gradually rotating
the throttle grip (2) (Pos. B), without exceeding the recommended rpm, see
p. 45 (RUNNING-IN).
To engage the second gear:
a
Proceed quickly.
Never ride the vehicle at too low
rpm.
◆
Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos. A),
pull the clutch lever (3) and lift the shifting lever (4). Release the clutch lever (3)
and accelerate.
◆
Repeat the last two operations and shift
up.
If the mixer oil reserve warning
light LED "j" comes on while
the engine is running, this means
that the mixer oil reserve is being used;
in this case, top up the mixer oil tank,
see p. 33 (MIXER OIL TANK).
a
The downshifting should be carried out in
the following situations:
◆ When riding downhill or when braking, in
order to increase the braking action by
using the compression of the engine.
◆ When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is
not suitable to the speed (high gear,
moderate speed) and the engine rpm decreases.
a
Shift the gears one by one; the
simultaneous downshifting of
more than one gear may make
you exceed the maximum rpm (red line).
Before and during the downshifting, release the throttle grip and decelerate, in
order to avoid the "red line".
To shift down, proceed as follows:
◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos. A).
◆ If necessary, pull the brake levers moderately and decrease the speed of the
vehicle.
◆ Pull the clutch lever (3) and lower the
shifting lever (4) to shift down.
◆ If the brake levers are pulled, release
them.
◆ Release the clutch lever and accelerate
moderately.
use and maintenance RS 250
43
a
If the writing “LLL ” appears on
the right side of the multifunction
display, stop the engine and check
the coolant level, see p. 36 (COOLANT).
Avoid opening and closing the throttle
grip repeatedly and continuously, so
that you do not accidentally lose control of the vehicle.
If you have to brake, close the throttle
and put on both brakes in order to obtain uniform deceleration, properly exerting pressure on the braking parts.
By putting on the front brake only or the
rear brake only, you reduce the braking
force considerably, thus running the
risk of locking one wheel and consequently losing grip.
If you stop uphill, decelerate completely
and use the brakes only to keep the vehicle steady.
The use of the engine to keep the vehicle steady may cause the overheating
of the clutch.
44
use and maintenance RS 250
a
Before beginning to turn, slow
down or brake driving at moderate and constant speed or accelerating slightly; avoid braking at the
last moment: it would be very easy to
skid.
If the brakes are operated continuously
on downhill stretches, the friction surfaces may overheat, thus reducing the
braking efficiency.
Exploit the engine compression and
shift down by putting on both brakes intermittently.
Never drive downhill with the engine
off!
When visibility is insufficient, switch on
the low beam even during the day, in order to make your vehicle more visible.
In case of wet ground or scarce wheel
grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), drive slowly,
avoiding sudden brakings or manoeuvres that could make you lose grip and
fall down.
a
Pay the utmost attention to any
obstacle or variation of the
ground. Uneven roads, rails,
manhole covers, indications painted on
the road surface, building site metal
plates become rather slippery by rain.
For this reason all these obstacles have
to be carefully avoided, driving smoothly and bending the vehicle as little as
possible.
Always use the turn indicators in time
when you intend to change lane or direction, avoiding sharp and dangerous
movements.
Switch off the direction indicators as
soon as you have changed direction.
Be extremely careful when you overtake
other vehicles or are overtaken.
In case of rain, the water cloud created
by big vehicles reduces visibility; the
air shift may make you lose control of
the vehicle.
RUNNING-IN
The running-in of the engine is important to
ensure its correct functioning.
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or
roads with many bends, so that the engine,
the suspensions and the brakes undergo a
more effective running-in.
During running-in, change speed. In this
way the components are first ìloadedî and
then ìrelievedî and the engine parts can
thus cool down. Even if it is important to
stress the engine components during running-in, take care not to exceed.
c
Only after the first 1500 km (937
mi) of running-in you can expect
the best performance levels from the
vehicle.
Keep to the following indications:
◆
Do not open the throttle completely if the
speed is low, both during and after the
running-in.
◆ During the first 100 km (62 mi) put on the
brakes with caution, avoiding sharp and
prolonged brakings.
This ensures a correct bedding-in of the
pads on the brake disc.
◆ During the first 800 km (500 mi) never
exceed 6000 rpm.
a
After the first 1000 km (625 mi) ,
carry out the checking operations indicated in the column
"After running-in" of the REGULAR
SERVICE INTERVALS CHART, see p. 47
(REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS
CHART), in order to avoid hurting yourself or other people and/or damaging
the vehicle.
1
A
◆
Between the first 800 (500 mi) and 1600
km (1000 mi) drive more briskly, change
speed and use the maximum acceleration only for a few seconds, in order to
ensure better coupling of the components; never exceed 9000 rpm (see table).
◆ After the first 1600 km (1000 mi) you can
expect better performance from the engine, however, without exceeding the
max 12000 rpm.
Engine maximum rpm
for the running-in
Mileage km (mi)
Max. (rpm)
0÷800 (0÷500)
6000
800÷1600 (500÷1000)
9000
over 1600 (1000)
12000
2
STOPPING
a
If possible, avoid stopping
abruptly, slowing down suddenly
and braking at the last moment.
◆
Release the throttle grip (1) (Pos. A),
gradually put on the brakes and at the
same time shift down in order to decrease the speed, see p. 42 (DEPARTURE AND DRIVE).
Once the speed has decreased, before
stopping the vehicle:
◆ Pull the clutch lever (2) in order to prevent the stopping of the engine.
When the vehicle has come to rest:
◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral
(green warning light "q" on).
◆ Release the clutch lever.
◆ In case of a brief stop, keep at least one
brake on.
use and maintenance RS 250
45
SUGGESTIONS
TO PREVENT THEFT
1
2
PU
SH
ON
3
OFF
4
RES
PARKING
a
Park the vehicle on firm and flat
ground, to prevent it from falling
down.
Neither lean the vehicle against walls,
nor lay it on the ground.
Make sure that the vehicle and especially its red-hot parts do not represent a
danger for persons and children. Do not
leave the vehicle unattended when the
engine is on or the key is inserted into
the ignition switch.
Do not sit on the vehicle when the stand
is down.
◆
◆
Stop the vehicle, see p. 45 (STOPPING).
Move the engine stop switch (1) to position "m".
◆ Rotate the key (2) and move the ignition
switch (3) to position "m".
◆ Move the fuel tap lever (4) to position
"OFF".
46
use and maintenance RS 250
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
a
◆
Never leave the key in the ignition switch.
Lock the steering, see p. 26 (STEERING
LOCK) and extract the key.
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND
◆ Seize the left grip (5) and the passenger
grab strap (6).
◆ Press the side stand with your right foot
and extend it completely (7).
◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
on the ground.
◆ Steer the handlebar completely leftwards.
c
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
NEVER leave the ignition key inserted and
always use the steering lock.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in
a garage or a protected place.
When possible, use an additional anti-theft
device.
Make sure that all documents are in order
and the road tax has been paid.
Write down your personal data and telephone number in this page, to facilitate the
identification of the owner in case of finding
after theft.
SURNAME: ...............................................
NAME: .......................................................
ADDRESS: ................................................
...................................................................
TELEPHONE NO.: ....................................
c
Very often stolen vehicles are
identified thanks to the data written in the use/maintenance manual.
MAINTENANCE
a
Before beginning any maintenance operation or any inspection of the vehicle, stop the engine, extract the key from the ignition
block, wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down and if
possible lift the vehicle by means of the
proper equipment, on firm and flat
ground. Keep away from the red-hot
parts of the engine and of the exhaust
system, in order to avoid burns.
The vehicle is made up of not edible
parts. Never bite, suck, chew or swallow
any part of the vehicle for any reason.
a
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the reassembly of the
units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse order.
Ordinary maintenance operations can usually be carried out by the user, but sometimes a basic knowledge of mechanics and
specific tools are required. If you need assistance or technical advice, consult your
aprilia Official Dealer, who can ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
After any maintenance operation, carry out
the "Preliminary checking operations", see
p. 39 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS).
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART
Component
After running-in
(1000 km)(625 mi)
or 4 months
C
P
C
Every 4000 km
Every 8000 km
(2500 mi)
(5000 mi)
or 8 months
or 16 months
C
P
every 6000 km (3700 mi):S
P
every 500 km (312 mi): C
C
C
C
C
P
S
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
every year: S
every 500 km (312 mi): C
every 2 years:S
after the first 4000 km: S/every 4000 km: C
S
C
every 12000 km (7500 mi):S
every 8000 km (5000 mi): C (with water-repellent grease) (*)
R
R
R
every month: R
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
every 500 km (312 mi):C
C
every 4 years: S
every 8000 km (5000 mi): C / every 16000 km (10000 mi):S
Battery - electrolyte level
Spark plugs
Carburettors
Drive chain
Wheel centering
Steering bearings and steering
Wheel bearings
Air cleaner
Clutch clearance
Braking systems
Cooling system
Light system
Brake fluid
Mixer oil level
Coolant
Fork oil
Transmission oil
Start lever pin
Mixer pump and air bleeding
Tyre pressure
Engine idling rpm
Fuel cock
Nut, bolt, screw tightening
Suspensions and attitude
Drive chain tension and lubrication
Fuel pipes
Pistons and linings
Exhaust silencers
P
P
(catalytic version excluded)
C = check, clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary. P = clean; S = change; R = adjust.
Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or on
uneven ground. Have maintenance operations on the components indicated by
carried out by aprilia
Official Dealers ONLY.
(*) Use MOLYCOTE 6 Rapidplus grease.
use and maintenance RS 250
47
IDENTIFICATION DATA
It is a good rule to write down the frame
and engine numbers in the space provided
in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the
purchase of spare parts.
c
Do not alter the identification
numbers if you do not want to incur severe penal and administrative
sanctions. In particular, the alteration of
the frame number results in the immediate invalidity of the guarantee.
48
use and maintenance RS 250
ENGINE NUMBER
The engine number is stamped on the
rear part of the engine, near the pinion.
FRAME NUMBER
The frame number is stamped on the right
side of the steering column.
Engine no.
Frame no.
2
3
4
1
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE REAR SUPPORT STAND &
POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND &
Have someone help you keep
the vehicle in vertical position
with the two wheels on the ground.
◆
c
◆
Make the two housings on the stand (1)
coincide with the two pins (2) provided
on the vehicle.
◆ Rest one foot on the rear part of the
stand (1).
◆ Push the stand (1) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke (see figure).
Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand &, see p. 49 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND &).
◆ Insert the two ends of the stand (3) in the
two holes (4) positioned on the lower
ends of the front fork.
◆ Rest one foot on the front part of the
stand (3).
◆ Push the stand (3) downwards until it
reaches the end of its stroke (see figure).
use and maintenance RS 250
49
◆
2
◆
1
◆
CHECKING THE TRANSMISSION
OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP
Carefully read p. 29 (TRANSMISSION
OIL) and p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Check the transmission oil level every
4000 km (2500 mi), change it after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
12000 km (7500 mi), see p. 51 (CHANGING THE TRANSMISSION OIL).
c
To carry out the checking:
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
use and maintenance RS 250
◆
◆
Stop the engine and let it cool down for
at least ten minutes, in order to allow the
oil to flow back to the oil pan and to cool
down.
◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
c
The non-performance of the operations described above may
result in a wrong measurement of the
level.
50
◆
◆
◆
Position a cloth under the level screw (1)
to prevent the oil from flowing out and
falling on the exhaust pipes.
Unscrew and remove the level screw (1)
(cross-headed screw) positioned on the
right side.
This screw makes it possible to check if
the oil quantity inside the case is sufficient.
Make sure that the oil flows out of the
hole (1), even if slowly; if this does not
occur, this means that the oil quantity is
insufficient.
In this case, pour small quantities of oil
through the filling hole, after removing
the plug (2).
Wait about two minutes, to allow the oil
to flow uniformly inside the oil pan; repeat the operation until the oil starts flowing
out of the hole (1).
Tighten the level screw (1).
Tighten the filling plug (2).
◆
3
1
CHANGING
THE TRANSMISSION OIL
Carefully read p. 29 (TRANSMISSION
OIL) and p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Check the transmission oil level every
4000 km (2500 mi), change it after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
12000 km (7500 mi).
2
To change the oil, proceed as follows:
Start the engine, see p. 40 (STARTING)
and let it idle for a few minutes, in order
to facilitate the outflow of the oil during
the draining phase.
◆
c
Position the vehicle on firm and
flat ground.
◆
Stop the engine and let it cool down for
at least ten minutes, in order to allow the
oil to flow back to the oil pan and to cool
down.
Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.
◆ Put a container (1) with at least 700 cmC capacity in correspondence with the drain plug
(2).
◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug (2).
◆ Unscrew and remove the filling plug (3).
◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the container
(1) for a few minutes.
◆ Remove the metal residues from the drain
plug (2) magnet.
◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (2).
Drain plug (2) driving torque:
27 Nm (2.7 kgm).
◆ Pour about 700 cmC of transmission oil
through the filling opening (1), see p. 86
(LUBRICANT CHART).
◆ Tighten the filling plug (1).
◆ Start the engine, see p. 40 (STARTING)
and let it idle for about one minute, in order to ensure the filling up of the transmission oil circuit.
Check the oil level and top up if necessary,
see p. 50 (CHECKING THE TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
a
When warmed up, the engine
contains hot oil; therefore, while
carrying out the operations described here below be particularly careful, in order to avoid burns.
use and maintenance RS 250
51
3
4
1
8
5
7
2
6
5
FRONT WHEEL
a
The disassembly and reassembly of the front wheel may be difficult for unskilled operators. If
necessary, contact an aprilia Official
Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
While disassembling and reassembling
the wheel, be careful not to damage the
brake pipes, the discs and the pads.
c
To remove the front wheel it is
necessary to use the appropriate
front and rear support stands &.
52
use and maintenance RS 250
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see p. 49 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND &).
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
front support stand, see p. 49 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE FRONT
SUPPORT STAND &).
a
Make sure that the vehicle is stable.
◆ Have someone keep the handlebar steady in running position, so that the steering
is locked.
Brake caliper screw (1) driving torque:
50 Nm (5 kgm).
◆★
Unscrew and remove the two screws
(1) that fasten the front brake caliper (2).
◆ ★ Withdraw the brake caliper (2) from
the disc, leaving it attached to the pipe
(3).
a
Never pull the front brake lever
after removing the calipers,
otherwise the pistons may go
out of their seats, thus causing the outflow of the brake fluid. In this case consult your aprilia Official Dealer, who
will carry out the proper maintenance
operation.
Wheel nut (4) driving torque:
80 Nm (8 kgm).
◆
Loosen and remove the nut (4), taking
the washer.
◆ ★ Partially unscrew the two screws (5)
from the wheel pin clamp.
◆ Put a support (6) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
◆ Withdraw the wheel pin (7) from the left
side.
◆ Remove the wheel by withdrawing it from
the front and take the spacer ring (8).
c
The spacer ring (8) must be positioned with the side having longer diameter facing the fork right rod.
◆
Position the spacer ring (8) in its seat on
the wheel.
◆ Position the wheel between the fork rods
on the support (6).
◆ Move the wheel until its central hole and
the holes on the fork are aligned.
REASSEMBLY
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
a
While reassembling the wheel,
be careful not to damage the
brake pipes, discs and pads.
The arrow on the side of the wheel indicates the rotation direction. Be careful
to reassemble the wheel correctly, as
indicated by the arrow on the right side
of the vehicle (see figure).
◆
Spread a film of lubricating grease on the
whole length of the wheel pin (7), see
p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART).
a
Danger of injury.
Do not introduce your fingers to
align the holes.
◆
◆
Introduce the wheel pin (7) completely.
Position the washer and tighten the nut
(4) manually.
◆ Keep the wheel pin (7) fixed.
◆ Tighten the nut (4) definitively.
Wheen nut (4) driving torque:
80 Nm (8 kgm).
a
◆★
Insert the brake caliper (2) on the disc
and position it so that its fastening holes
and the holes on the support are aligned.
◆ ★ Screw and tighten the two screws (1)
that fasten the brake caliper.
Brake caliper screw (1) driving torque:
50 Nm (5 kgm)
◆
With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards. In this way the fork rods will
settle properly.
◆ ★ Tighten the two screws (5) of the wheel pin clamp.
Wheel pin clamp screw (5) driving torque: 10 Nm (1 kgm)
a
After reassembly, pull the front
brake lever repeatedly and
check the correct functioning of
the braking system.
Check the wheel centering.
Proceed with care, in order not
to damage the brake pads.
Have the driving torques, centering and
balancing of the wheel checked by your
aprilia Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
use and maintenance RS 250
53
7
4
8
1
5
2
REAR WHEEL
a
The disassembly and reassembly of the rear wheel may be difficult for unskilled operators. If
necessary, contact an aprilia Official
Dealer.
If you want to perform these operations
personally, keep to the following instructions.
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer
cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns.
a
While disassembling and reassembling the wheel, be careful
not to damage the brake pipe,
the disc and the pads.
54
use and maintenance RS 250
6
3
c
To remove the rear wheel it is necessary to use the appropriate
rear support stand &.
DISASSEMBLY
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand, see p. 49 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND &).
Wheel nut (1) driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).
◆ Loosen and remove the nut (1), taking
the washer.
◆ Put a support (2) under the tyre, in such
a way as to keep the wheel in its position
after loosening it.
◆ Withdraw the wheel pin (3) from the right
side.
◆
Make the wheel advance and release the
drive chain (4) from the crown gear (5).
a
Check the position of the spacer
ring (6) and the chain tighteners
(7-8), in order to be able to reassemble them correctly.
◆
Remove the wheel by withdrawing it from
the back and if necessary take the left
spacer ring (6) and the two right and left
chain tighteners (7-8).
a
Never pull the rear brake lever
after removing the wheel, otherwise the caliper piston may go
out of its seat, thus causing the outflow
of the brake fluid. In this case consult
your aprilia Official Dealer, who will
carry out the proper maintenance operation.
REASSEMBLY
a
Before proceeding with the reassembly, make sure that support
plate (9) of the brake caliper (10)
is positioned correctly; the plate slot
must be inserted in the appropriate stop
pin (11) in the inner part of the rear fork
right rod.
Insert the disc in the brake caliper carefully.
◆
9
11
10
Spread a film of lubricating grease on the
whole length of the wheel pin (3), see
p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART).
c
The left spacer ring (6) must be
positioned with the side having
longer diameter facing the rear fork left
rod.
◆
If they have been removed, position the
two right and left chain tighteners (7-8) in
their seat in the rear fork rods and the left
spacer ring (6) on the wheel.
◆ Position the wheel between the rear fork
rods on the support (2).
◆ Make the wheel advance and position
the drive chain (4) on the crown gear (5).
◆ Move the wheel backwards, until its central hole and the holes on the rear fork
are aligned.
a
◆
Rotate the support plate (9), complete
with brake caliper (10) and with fulcrum
on the stop pin (11), until it is aligned with
the holes.
◆ Introduce the wheel pin (3) completely
on the right side.
c
Make sure that the wheel pin (3)
is completely inserted, with the
head in the relevant seat on the right
chain tightener (7).
◆
Position the washer and tighten the nut
(1) manually.
◆ Check the chain tension, see p. 56 (DRIVE CHAIN).
◆ Tighten the nut (1).
Wheel nut (1) driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).
a
Check the wheel centering.
Have the driving torques, centering and balancing of the wheel
checked by your aprilia Official Dealer,
in order to avoid accidents that may be
harmful for you and/or other people.
Danger of injury.
Do not introduce your fingers to
align the holes.
use and maintenance RS 250
55
more frequently if you use the vehicle in
difficult conditions or on dusty and/or
muddy roads.
25
35mm
DRIVE CHAIN
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is equipped with an endless
chain, in which a ring link joint is not used.
a
An excessive slackening of the
chain can cause it to come off of
the sprockets, which often results in accidents or serious damage to
the vehicle.
Periodically check the slack and adjust
it if necessary, see p. 56 (ADJUSTMENT).
To change the chain, contact an aprilia
Official Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.
a
Incorrect maintenance may
cause the untimely wear of the
chain and/or damages to the pinion and/or the crown.
Carry out the maintenance operations
56
use and maintenance RS 250
CHECKING THE SLACK
To check the slack, proceed as follows:
◆ Stop the engine.
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral.
◆ Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in
an intermediate point between pinion
and crown in the lower part of the chain,
is about 25 ¸ 35 mm.
◆ Move the vehicle forwards, or turn the
wheel, in order to be able to check the
vertical oscillation of the chain even
when the wheel turns; the slack must be
constant in all the rotation phases of the
wheel.
a
If in some positions the slack is
higher than in others, this means
that there are crushed or seized
links; in this case, contact an aprilia Official Dealer. To prevent the risk of seizures, lubricate the chain frequently, see
p. 57 (LUBRICATION AND CLEANING).
If the slack is uniform, but higher or lower
than 25 ¸ 35 mm, adjust it, see p. 56 (ADJUSTMENT).
ADJUSTMENT
c
To adjust the chain it is necessary to use the appropriate rear
support stand &.
If after the check it is necessary to adjust
the chain tension, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate
rear support stand &, see p. 49 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE REAR
SUPPORT STAND &).
◆ Loosen the nut (1) completely.
c
For the wheel centering fixed reference marks (2-3) are provided, which can be seen inside the chain
tightener seats on the rear fork arms,
before the wheel pin.
3
5
4
◆
◆
Loosen the two lock nuts (4).
Act on the adjusters (5) and adjust the
chain slack, making sure that the reference marks (2-3) are correctly positioned on both sides of the vehicle.
◆ Tighten the two lock nuts (4).
◆ Tighten the nut (1).
Wheel nut driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).
◆
Check the chain slack, see p. 56 (CHECKING THE SLACK).
CHECKING THE WEAR OF CHAIN,
PINION AND CROWN
Further, check the chain and sprockets
and make sure that they do not present:
◆ Damaged rollers.
◆ Loose pins.
◆ Dry, rusty, crushed or seized links.
◆ Excessive wear.
◆ Lacking O rings.
◆ Sprocket or teeth excessively worn or
damaged.
a
If the chain rollers are damaged,
the pins are loose and/or the O
rings are damaged or lacking, it
is necessary to change the whole chain
unit (both sprockets and chain).
a
Lubricate the chain frequently,
especially if there are dry or
rusty parts. The crushed or
seized links must be lubricated and
made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an aprilia
Official Dealer, who will provide for
changing the chain.
◆
LUBRICATION AND CLEANING
a
The drive chain is provided with
O rings among the links, in order
to keep the grease inside them.
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication,
cleaning and change of the chain with
great care.
Lubricate the chain every 500 km (312 mi)
or whenever necessary.
Lubricate the chain with spray grease for
chains provided with sealing rings, or with
SAE 80W-90 oil.
a
The lubricants for chains available on the market can contain
substances that are dangerous
for the rubber sealing rings of the chain.
Never wash the chain with water jets,
steam jets, high-pressure water jets and
highly inflammable solvents.
Finally, check the wear of the rear fork
protection shoe.
use and maintenance RS 250
57
REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Partially lift the front edge of the saddle
(see figure).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1) and
take the bushing.
◆ Raise and remove the saddle (2).
c
Upon reassembly, insert the rear
tangs of the saddle (2) in the relevant seats (see figure).
a
58
Before leaving, make sure that
the saddle (2) is properly positioned and locked.
use and maintenance RS 250
1
2
ON
OFF
3
5
6
RES
2
4
1
REMOVING THE FUEL TANK
Carefully read p. 29 (FUEL) and p. 47
(MAINTENANCE).
a
Risk of fire.
Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely
cooled down.
a
Fuel vapours are noxious for
your health.
Before proceeding, make sure
that the room in which you are working
is properly ventilated.
Do not inhale fuel vapours.
Do not smoke and do not use naked
flames. Do not dispose of fuel in the environment.
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Move the fuel tap lever (1) to position
“OFF”.
Empty the fuel tank, see p. 79 (DRAINING THE FUEL TANK).
Remove the rider saddle, see p. 58 (REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE).
From the left side of the vehicle, seize
the fuel tank (2) firmly with both hands,
withdraw it from behind and lift it.
Incline the fuel tank (2) slightly leftwards
(see figure).
Withdraw the fuel pipe (4) from the cock
(3).
Withdraw the water drain pipe (5) from
the fuel tank plug.
Remove the fuel tank (2) completely.
c
Upon reassembly, make sure
that the protruding element (6) is
correctly inserted in the frame mounting lug (see figure).
use and maintenance RS 250
59
2
3
1
AIR CLEANER
Clean the air cleaner every 4000 km (2500
mi) or 8 months, change it every 8000 km
(5000 mi) or more frequently if the vehicle
is used on dusty or wet roads.
It is possible to clean the air cleaner partially after using the vehicle on this kind of roads.
a
The partial cleaning of the filter
does not exclude or postpone
the replacement of the filter itself.
4
REMOVAL
◆ Remove the fuel tank, see p. 59 (REMOVING THE FUEL TANK).
◆ ★ Unscrew and remove the four screws
(1) that fasten the filter case cover (2).
◆ Remove the filter case cover (2).
◆ Remove the filtering element (3) and the
grid (4).
a
Plug the opening with a clean
cloth, to prevent any foreign
matters from entering the suction pipes.
Cleaning
◆ Clean the filtering element (3) with clean,
non-inflammable solvents or solvents
with high volatility point, then let it dry
thoroughly.
60
use and maintenance RS 250
5
◆
Apply a filter oil or a thick oil (SAE 80W90) on the whole surface of the filtering
element, then squeeze it to eliminate the
oil in excess.
c
The filtering element (3) must be
well impregnated, though not
dripping.
Changing
◆ Replace the filtering element (3) with a
new one of the same type.
◆ Make sure that the gasket positioned under the cover (2) is intact; if it is damaged, change it.
◆ Every 4000 km (2500 mi), press the
ejector (5) with two fingers, so that any
impurity that may have accumulated inside the filter case can be discharged.
1
4
2
3
BLEEDING THE MIXER OIL
◆
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
a
Bleed the mixer oil system whenever you run out of oil in the
mixer oil tank.
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
Top up the mixer oil tank, see p. 33
(MIXER OIL TANK).
Remove the split pin (1).
Move the left part of the fairing (2) slightly outwards.
Put a container (3) in correspondence
with the drain screw (4).
Unscrew and remove the drain screw (4)
(cross-headed) and wait until the oil
flows out of the hole.
a
It is important to wait until there
is no more air in the system, since the operation of the engine
with air in the mixer oil system may cause serious damage to the engine itself.
◆
When no more air bubbles can be seen
in the oil that flows out of the hole, screw
and tighten the drain screw (4).
◆ Put back the fairing (2).
◆ Insert the split pin (1).
◆ Check the mixer oil level and top up if necessary, see p. 33 (MIXER OIL TANK).
use and maintenance RS 250
61
INSPECTING THE FRONT
AND REAR SUSPENSIONS
1
a
Have the front fork oil changed
by an aprilia Official Dealer,
who will ensure you prompt and
accurate servicing.
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Change the front fork oil after the first 4000
km (2500 mi).
Check the oil every 4000 km (2500 mi) and
if it is dirty change it.
Further, carry out the following checking
operations:
◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the
handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards.
The stroke must be gentle and there
must be no trace of oil on the rods.
◆ Check the fastening of all the components and the functionality of the front
and rear suspension joints.
a
If you notice irregularities in the
operation or if the help of a qualified technician is necessary,
contact your aprilia Official Dealer.
62
use and maintenance RS 250
3
FRONT SUSPENSION
The front suspension consists of an
hydraulic fork connected to the steering column by means of two plates.
For the setting of the vehicle attitude, each
rod of the fork is provided with an upper
screw (1) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber,
a lower screw (2) for the adjustment of the
hydraulic braking with compressed shock
absorber and an upper nut (3) for the adjustment of the spring preload.
ADJUSTING THE FRONT FORK
The standard setting of the front fork is
such as to satisfy most driving conditions
at low and high speed, either with reduced
load and full load.
However, it is also possible to adjust the
setting according to the intended use of the
vehicle.
2
a
Use the notches (1-2) provided
on the adjusters as reference
marks for the adjustment of the
hydraulic braking with compressed and
extended shock absorber.
Give the adjusters (1-2) 1/8 turn at a
time and turn the adjusting nut (3) one
notch at a time. Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road, until obtaining the optimal adjustment.
Set the same spring preload and
hydraulic braking for both rods: a different setting of the rods decreases the
stability of the vehicle while riding.
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the
hydraulic braking, in order to avoid sudden jerks while riding.
Lower screw adjusters (1)
(2 ò turns in total)
By rotating them clockwise (H)
By rotating them anticlockwise (S)
Function
Increase of the hydraulic braking with
extended shock absorber
Decrease of the hydraulic braking with
extended shock absorber
Recommended kind of road
Smooth or normal roads
Roads with uneven surface
Notes
Rider and passenger
Solo rider
Upper screw adjusters (2)
(3 turns in total)
By rotating them clockwise
By rotating them anticlockwise
Function
Increase of the hydraulic braking with
compressed shock absorber
Decrease of the hydraulic braking with
compressed shock absorber
Recommended kind of road
Smooth or normal roads
Roads with uneven surface
Notes
Rider and passenger
Solo rider
Upper adjusting nuts (3)
(8 notches in total)
By rotating them clockwise
(screwing)
By rotating them anticlockwise
(unscrewing)
Function
Spring preload increase
Spring preload decrease
Attitude
The vehicle is more rigid
The vehicle is less rigid
Recommended kind of road
Smooth or normal roads
Roads with uneven surface
Notes
Rider and passenger
Solo rider
use and maintenance RS 250
63
REAR SUSPENSION
a
64
use and maintenance RS 250
4
m
ADJUSTING
THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
The standard setting of the rear shock absorber is such as to satisfy most driving
conditions at low and high speed, either
with reduced load and full load.
However, it is also possible to adjust the
setting according to the intended use of the
vehicle.
The adjusting ring nut must not
be screwed for more than 25 mm
from the beginning of the thread
(see figure). If this measure is exceeded, even the slightest unevenness on
the road surface will cause sudden
jerks and it will be useless to adjust the
screw (1).
2
25 m
c
MA X
The rear suspension consists of a springshock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by
means of silent-blocks and to the rear fork
by means of lever systems. For the setting
of the vehicle attitude, the shock absorber
is provided with a screw adjuster (1) for the
adjustment of the hydraulic braking with
extended shock absorber, a knob adjuster
(2) for the adjustment of the hydraulic
braking with compressed shock absorber,
a ring nut for the adjustment of the spring
preload (3) and a locking ring nut (4).
It is possible to adjust the shock
absorber axis distance to personalize the vehicle attitude.
For this kind of adjustment, contact an
aprilia Official Dealer.
3
5
1
◆
Slightly unscrew the locking ring nut (4)
by means of the appropriate spanner
&.
◆ Act on the adjusting ring nut (3) (shock
absorber spring preload adjustment)
(see figure).
◆ If necessary, adjust the screw (1) (adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber) (see table).
◆ Once the optimal attitude has been
obtained, tighten the locking ring nut (4)
completely.
a
Adjust the spring preload and
the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber according
to the conditions of use of the vehicle.
When the spring preload is increased, it
is necessary to increase also the
hydraulic braking with extended shock
absorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.
a
If the vehicle attitude is set for
full-load riding, it is advisable
not to rotate the screw (1) leftwards (anticlockwise), in order to avoid
sudden jerks while riding. If necessary,
contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
a
In order not to affect the correct
attitude of the vehicle, neither remove the small plug (5), nor
adjust the underlying valve, otherwise
there will be a nitrogen outflow.
a
Turn the screw adjuster (1) 2-3
clicks at a time, the knob adjuster (2) 5-6 clicks at a time and
the adjusting ring nut (3) one turn at a time. Test the vehicle repeatedly on the
road, until obtaining the optimal adjustment.
Screw adjuster (1) (about 18 clicks)
By rotating it clockwise (H)
By rotating it anticlockwise (S)
Function
Increase of the hydraulic braking with
extended shock absorber
Decrease of the hydraulic braking with
extended shock absorber
Recommended kind of road
Smooth or normal roads
Roads with uneven surface
Notes
Rider and passenger
Solo rider
Knob adjuster (2) (about 42 clicks)
By rotating it clockwise (+)
By rotating it anticlockwise (–)
Function
Increase of the hydraulic braking with
compressed shock absorber
Decrease of the hydraulic braking with
compressed shock absorber
Recommended kind of road
Smooth or normal roads
Roads with uneven surface
Notes
Rider and passenger
Solo rider
Adjusting ring nut (3)
By screwing it
By unscrewing it
Function
Spring preload increase
Spring preload decrease
Attitude
The vehicle is more rigid
The vehicle is less rigid
Recommended kind of road
Smooth or normal roads
Roads with uneven surface
Notes
Rider and passenger
Solo rider
use and maintenance RS 250
65
2
1
3
m
CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR
Carefully read p. 30 (BRAKE FLUID (recommendations)), p. 30 (DISC BRAKES)
and p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
The following information refer to a single braking system, but are valid for
both.
Check the brake pad wear after the first
1000 km (625 mi) and successively every
4000 km (2500 mi).
The wear of the brake pads depends on
the use, on the kind of drive and on the
road. The wear will be greater when the vehicle is driven on dirty or wet roads.
66
use and maintenance RS 250
To carry out a rapid checking of the wear of
the pads, proceed as follows:
◆ Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Carry out a visual checking of the friction
material thickness by looking between
the brake caliper and the pads.
Proceed:
– from below, on the front part, for the
front brake calipers (1);
– from below, on the rear part, for the rear
brake caliper (2).
◆
4
1m
1m
m
If the thickness of the friction material
(even of one pad only) has reduced to
about 1 mm, replace both pads.
– Front pad (3).
– Rear pad (4).
a
Have the pads changed by your
aprilia Official Dealer.
..
m
_3m
2
3
4
2
5
7
6
1
IDLING ADJUSTMENT
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Adjust the idling every time it is irregular.
To carry out this operation, proceed as follows:
◆ Ride for a few miles until reaching the
normal running temperature, see p. 17
(Coolant temperature indicator h ).
◆ Check the engine idling rpm on the revolution counter.
The engine idling speed must be about
1300 ± 150 rpm.
If necessary:
◆ Adjust the knob (1).
By SCREWING IT (clockwise), you increase the engine rpm.
By UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise),
you decrease the engine rpm.
◆
Twist the throttle grip, accelerating and
decelerating a few times to make sure
that it functions correctly and to check if
the idling speed is constant.
c
If necessary, contact your aprilia
Official Dealer.
ADJUSTING
THE ACCELERATOR CONTROL
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
The ideal slack of the accelerator control
should be about 2 ÷ 3 mm and it can be
measured on the grip end (see figure).
To adjust the slack, proceed as follows:
◆ Remove the protection element (2).
◆ Loosen the nut (3) (by screwing it).
◆ Act on the adjuster (4) placed at the beginning of the accelerator control cable.
Once you have carried out the adjustment,
tighten the nut (3) (by unscrewing it), thus
locking the adjuster (4) and put back the
protection element (2).
ADJUSTING
THE COLD START CONTROL (e)
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
The ideal slack of the cold start control
should be about 2-3 mm.
To adjust the slack, proceed as follows:
Remove the protection element (5).
Loosen the nut (6) (by screwing it).
Act on the adjuster (7) placed at the beginning of the cold start control cable.
Once you have carried out the adjustment,
tighten the nut (6) (by unscrewing it), thus
locking the adjuster (7) and put back the
protection element (5).
◆
◆
◆
use and maintenance RS 250
67
◆
1
3
0,7
0,8mm
2
a
4
SPARK PLUGS
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Check the spark plugs every 6000 km
(3700 mi).
Periodically remove the spark plugs and
clean them carefully, removing carbon deposits; change them if necessary.
To reach the spark plugs:
Remove the fuel tank, see p. 59 (REMOVING THE FUEL TANK).
◆
To remove and clean the spark plugs:
◆ Remove the cap (1) of the spark plug (2)
from the rear cylinder and the cap (3) of
the spark plug (4) from the front cylinder.
c
The description of the following
operations refers to one spark
plug only, but it is valid for both.
68
use and maintenance RS 250
Make sure that the washer is in good
conditions. With the washer on, screw
the spark plug by hand in order not to
damage the thread.
◆ Tighten the spark plug by means of the
spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving
it half a turn to compress the washer.
Spark plug driving torque:
20 Nm (2 kgm).
◆
Remove all the dirt from the base of the
spark plug, then unscrew it with the
spanner you will find in the tool kit and
extract it from its seat, taking care that
neither dust nor other substances enter
the cylinder.
◆ Make sure that there are neither carbon
deposits, nor corrosion marks on the
electrode and on the central porcelain
part; if necessary, clean them with the
special cleaners for spark plugs, with an
iron wire and/or a metal brush.
◆ Energetically blow some air, in order to
prevent the removed residues from getting into the engine.
If the spark plug has crackings on the insulating material, corroded electrodes or
excessive deposits, it must be changed.
◆ Check the spark plug gap with a thickness gauge.
The gap must be 0.7 ¸ 0.8 mm; if necessary adjust it, carefully bending the earth
electrode.
The spark plug must be well
tightened, otherwise the engine
may overheat and be seriously
damaged. Use the recommended type
of spark plug only, in order not to compromise the life and performance of the
engine.
RECOMMENDED SPARK PLUGS:
NGK
BR8 ECM
BR9 ECM
BR10 ECM
◆
NOTES
If the standard spark plugs
tend to blacken, replace
them with these, having
lower heat rating.
Standard spark plugs.
If the standard spark plugs
tend to overheat and are
white, replace them with
these, having higher heat
rating.
Position the spark plug cap (1 and 3)
properly, so that it does not come off due
to the vibrations of the engine.
◆ Put back the fuel tank.
The battery gives off explosive gases;
keep it away from flames, sparks, cigarettes and any other source of heat.
PU
SH
If the electrolyte is accidentally swallowed, drink a lot of water or milk, then
continue drinking milk of magnesia or
vegetable oil and consult a doctor without delay.
a
BATTERY
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
Check the electrolyte level and the tightening of the terminals after the first 1000 km
(625 mi) and successively every 4000 km
(2500 mi) or 8 months.
a
The electrolyte in the battery is
toxic and caustic and if it gets in
contact with the skin it can
cause burns, since it contains sulphuric
acid. Wear protection clothes, a face
mask and/or goggles during maintenance operations.
In case of contact with the skin, rinse
with plenty of water.
During the recharging or the
use, make sure that the room is
properly ventilated and avoid
inhaling the gases released during the
recharging.
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
Connect and disconnect the battery
with the ignition switch in position “m”.
Never invert the connection of the battery cables.
Connect first the positive cable (+) and
then the negative cable (–).
Disconnect following the reverse order.
Do not incline the vehicle too much, in
order to avoid dangerous leaks of the
battery fluid.
In case of contact with the eyes, rinse
with plenty of water for fifteen minutes,
then consult an oculist without delay.
use and maintenance RS 250
69
3
4
MA
7
X
6
MI
PU
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1
REMOVING THE BATTERY
◆
To remove the battery it is necessary to set to zero the digital
clock and the red line setting. To reset
these functions, see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
◆
◆
c
Carefully read p. 69 (BATTERY).
◆
Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “m”.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 58 (REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE).
N
◆
◆
◆
◆
2
Unscrew and remove the screw (1) on
the negative terminal (-).
Move the negative cable (2) sidewards.
Unscrew and remove the screw (3) on
the positive terminal (+).
Move the positive cable (4) sidewards.
Release the rubber band (5).
Withdraw the breather pipe (6).
Seize the battery (7) firmly and remove it
from its compartment by lifting it.
a
Once it has been removed, the
battery must be stored in a safe
place and kept away from children.
CHECKING
THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL
Carefully read p. 69 (BATTERY).
To check the electrolyte level, proceed as
follows:
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 70 (REMOVING THE BATTERY).
◆ Make sure that the fluid level is included
between the two " MIN " and " MAX "
notches stamped on the battery side.
Otherwise:
◆ Remove the element plugs.
a
◆
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use and maintenance RS 250
Never exceed the "MAX" notch,
since the level increases during
the recharge.
Top up by adding distilled water.
RECHARGING THE BATTERY
INSTALLING THE BATTERY
Carefully read p. 69 (BATTERY).
Carefully read p. 69 (BATTERY).
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Remove the battery, see p. 70 (REMOVING THE BATTERY).
Remove the element plugs.
Connect the battery with a battery charger.
A recharge with an amperage equal to
1/10th of the battery capacity is recommended.
After the recharging operation, check the
electrolyte level again and if necessary
top up with distilled water.
Put back the element plugs.
a
Reassemble the battery only
5/10 minutes after disconnecting
the recharge apparatus, since
the battery continues to produce gas
for a short lapse of time.
Make sure that the ignition switch is in
position “m”.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 58 (REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE).
◆ Put the battery (1) in its compartment.
1
4
2
3
a
Upon reassembly, connect first
the positive cable (+) and then
the negative cable (–).
Always connect the battery breather pipe, to prevent the sulphuric acid vapours from corroding the electric system, painted parts, rubber elements or
gaskets when they exit the breather
pipe itself.
◆
◆
◆
Insert the breather pipe (2).
Fasten the rubber band (3).
Connect the positive terminal (+) by means of the screw (4).
◆ Connect the negative terminal (–) by means of the screw (5).
5
LONG INACTIVITY
OF THE BATTERY
c
If the vehicle remains unused for
more than 20 days, disconnect
the 20A fuse, in order to avoid the battery deterioration resulting from the current consumption due to the multifunction computer.
If the vehicle remains unused for a long period:
◆ Remove the battery, see p. 70 (REMOVING THE BATTERY) and put it in a cool
and dry place.
◆ Recharge it completely, by using a trickle
charge, see p. 71 (RECHARGING THE
BATTERY).
If the battery remains on the vehicle, disconnect the cables from the terminals. It is
important to check the charge periodically
(about once a month), during the winter or
when the vehicle remains unused, in order
to prevent the deterioration of the battery.
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71
1
2
3
CHANGING THE FUSES
a
Do not repair faulty fuses.
Never use fuses different from
the recommended ones.
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause
damages to the electric system or, in
case of short circuit, even a fire.
c
If a fuse blows frequently, there
probably is a short circuit or an
overload in the electric system. In this
case it is advisable to consult an
aprilia Official Dealer.
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
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use and maintenance RS 250
If an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to
start, it is necessary to check the fuses.
◆ Turn the ignition switch to position "m",
to avoid any accidental short circuit.
◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 58 (REMOVING THE RIDER SADDLE).
c
If you use one of the spare fuses,
put a new fuse in the proper
seat.
c
ARRANGEMENT OF THE FUSES
1) 20A fuse
From the battery to key switch, voltage
regulator, clock.
◆
2) 15A fuse
From the key switch to all light loads
and horn.
By removing the 20A fuse, you
set the digital clock and the red
line to zero. To reset these functions,
see p. 18 (MULTIFUNCTION COMPUTER).
Extract the fuses one by one and check if
the filament is broken, (see figure).
◆ Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the
cause of the trouble, if possible.
◆ Replace the damaged fuse with a new
one having the same amperage.
3) 7.5A fuse
From the key switch to ignition, solenoid
valves, RAVE motor, start safety device, accelerator sensor.
4
6
3
A
2
1
1a
5
CHECKING THE SIDE STAND
AND THE SAFETY SWITCH
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE)
and p. 74 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES).
The side stand (1) must rotate without hindrances.
Carry out the following checks:
◆ The springs (2) must not be damaged,
worn, rusty or weakened.
◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if necessary grease the joint, see p. 86 (LUBRICANT CHART).
The side stand (1) is provided with a safety
switch (3) that has the function to prevent
or interrupt the operation of the engine with
the gears on and the side stand (1) down.
To check the proper functioning of the
safety switch (3), proceed as follows:
◆ Seat on the vehicle in driving position.
◆ Fold the side stand (1).
◆ Start the engine, see p. 40 (STARTING).
◆ With released throttle grip (4) (Pos. A)
and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (5)
completely.
◆
Engage the first gear, pushing the shifting lever (6) downwards.
◆ Lower the side stand (1), thus operating
the safety switch (3).
At this point the engine must stop.
a
If the engine does not stop, contact an aprilia Official Dealer.
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3
2
CHECKING THE SWITCHES
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
The vehicle is provided with three switches:
1) Switch on the rear brake control lever
2) Stoplight switch on the front brake
control lever
3) Safety switch on the side stand
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use and maintenance RS 250
◆
Make sure that there are no dirt or mud
deposits on the switch; the pin must be
able to move without interferences, returning automatically to its initial position.
◆ Make sure that the cables are connected
correctly.
10 m
PU
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9/10 H
1
ADJUSTING THE VERTICAL
HEADLIGHT BEAM
To rapidly check the correct direction of the
beam, place the vehicle on flat ground, 10
m away from a wall.
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle
and make sure that the beam projected on
the wall is slightly under the horizontal line
of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total
height).
To adjust the headlight beam:
◆ Working on the rear left side of the front
part of the fairing, adjust the apposite
screw (1) by means of a short cross-tip
screwdriver.
By SCREWING IT (clockwise), you set
the beam upwards.
By UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise),
you set the beam downwards.
BULBS
Carefully read p. 47 (MAINTENANCE).
a
Before changing a bulb, turn the
ignition switch to position "m".
Change the bulb wearing clean
gloves or using a clean and dry cloth.
Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb,
since these may cause its overheating
and consequent breakage.
If you touch the bulb with bare hands,
remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in
order to prevent it from blowing frequently.
DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC
CABLES
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1
3
8
10
6
7
2
CHANGING
THE HEADLIGHT BULBS
Carefully read page 75 (BULBS).
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
c
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 72 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
The headlight contains:
One high beam bulb (1) (right side).
◆ One parking light bulb (2) (lower side).
◆ One low beam bulb (3) (left side).
To change the bulbs, proceed as follows:
◆
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use and maintenance RS 250
4
5
PARKING LIGHT BULB
a
◆
To extract the bulb socket, do
not pull the electric wires.
Working on the rear side of the front part
of the fairing, seize the bulb socket (4),
pull it and remove it from its seat.
◆ Withdraw the parking light bulb (5) and
replace it with one of the same type.
HIGH BEAM BULB
◆ Working on the rear right side of the front
part of the fairing, move the protection
element (6) with your hands.
◆ Withdraw the electric terminal (7).
◆ Release the check spring (8) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (9).
◆ Extract the bulb (10) and replace it.
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the relevant positioning seats coincide.
3
2
5
4
7
1
LOW BEAM BULB
Working on the rear left side of the front
part of the fairing, move the protection
element (1) with your hands.
◆ Withdraw the connector (2).
◆ Release the check spring (3) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (4).
◆ Extract the bulb (5) from its seat and replace it.
◆
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the relevant positioning seats coincide.
8
9
6
CHANGING THE FRONT/REAR
DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS
Carefully read p. 75 (BULBS).
c
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 72 (CHANGING
THE FUSES).
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (6).
◆ Remove the protection glass (7).
a
Upon reassembly, tighten the
screw (6) moderately and carefully, in order not to damage the
protection glass.
◆
Press the bulb (8) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
◆ Extract the bulb from its seat.
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins
coincide with the relevant guides on the
socket.
◆
Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
c
If the bulb socket goes out of its
seat, insert it correctly, making
the bulb socket opening coincide with
the screw seat.
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3
2
1
CHANGING
THE REAR LIGHT BULB
◆
Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 72 (CHANGING
THE FUSES) and the effective operation
of the stoplight switches, see p. 74
(CHECKING THE SWITCHES).
◆
◆
c
◆
◆
Carefully read p. 75 (BULBS).
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use and maintenance RS 250
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
Unscrew and remove the two screws (1).
Seize and remove the protection glass
(2).
Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it
anticlockwise.
Extract the bulb from its seat.
c
Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins
coincide with the relevant guides on the
socket.
◆
Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.
a
Upon reassembly, tighten the
two screws (1) moderately and
carefully, to avoid damaging the
protection glass.
TRANSPORT
c
Before transporting the vehicle,
it is necessary to empty the fuel
tank and the carburettors completely,
see p. 79 (DRAINING THE FUEL TANK),
making sure that they are completely
dry.
2
During transport, the vehicle must be
held upright, to avoid any oil, coolant
and battery fluid leakage and it must be
anchored firmly with the 1st gear on.
a
In case of failure, do not tow the
vehicle, but have it moved by a
maintenance vehicle.
◆
DRAINING THE FUEL TANK
Carefully read p. 29 (FUEL).
a
3
1
Risk of fire.
Wait until the engine and the
exhaust silencers have completely cooled down. Fuel vapours are noxious for your health.
Before proceeding, make sure that the
room in which you are working is properly ventilated. Do not inhale fuel vapours. Do not smoke, nor use free flames. Do not dispose of fuel in the
environment.
◆
◆
◆
◆
Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 46 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
Stop the engine and wait until it has cooled down.
Prepare a container with capacity exceeding the fuel quantity present in the tank
and put it on the ground on the left side
of the vehicle.
Empty the fuel tank by means of a manual pump or a similar system.
To empty the float chambers, put a container (1) under the free end of the pipes
(2).
◆
Open the carburettor breather by loosening the drain screw (3).
When all the fuel has flowed out:
a
Tighten the drain screw (3) carefully, to avoid fuel leaks from the
carburettor during refilling.
If necessary, contact an aprilia Official
Dealer.
c
The vehicle is provided with two
carburettors. Carry out the emptying operations on both float chambers.
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79
CLEANING
a
After the vehicle has been
washed, its braking functions
could be temporarily impaired
because of the presence of water on the
grip surfaces. Calculate long braking
distances to avoid accidents. Brake repeatedly to restore normal conditions.
Clean the vehicle frequently if it used in
particular areas or conditions, such as:
◆ Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas).
◆ Areas characterized by an high percentage of salinity and humidity (sea areas,
hot and humid climates).
◆ Particular conditions (use of salt and
anti-ice chemical products on the roads
during the winter).
◆ Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and
polluting powders, tar spots, dead insects, bird droppings, etc. on the body.
◆ Avoid parking the vehicle under trees,
since in some seasons residues, resins,
fruits or leaves fall down, which contain
substances that may damage the paint.
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To remove dirt and mud from the painted
surfaces use a low- pressure water jet, carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud and
filth with a soft car sponge impregnated
with a lot of water and shampoo (2 ÷ 4%
parts of shampoo in water).
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with
chamois leather.
To clean the outer parts of the engine use
a degreaser, brushes and wipers.
c
Polish with silicone wax only after having carefully washed the
vehicle. Do not wash the vehicle under
the sun, especially during the summer,
when the body is still warm, since if the
shampoo dries before being rinsed
away, it can damage the paint.
1
c
Use neither high pressure water/air jets, nor vapour jets on
the following parts: wheel hubs, controls on the right and on the left side of
the handlebar, brake pumps, instruments and indicators, silencer exhaust, glove/tool kit compartment, ignition
switch/steering lock.
Do not use solvents or alcohol to clean:
saddle, plastic parts, decals, rubber
parts.
After washing the vehicle, always:
◆ Squeeze the ejector (1) with two fingers,
so that any impurity or water that may
have accumulated inside the air filter
case can be discharged.
c
LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY
If the vehicle remains unused for
more than 20 days, disconnect
the 20A fuse, in order to avoid the battery deterioration resulting from the current consumption due to the multifunction computer.
2
PU
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1
After a long period of inactivity of the vehicle some precautions are necessary to
avoid any problem.
Further, it is important to carry out the necessary repairs and a general check up before the period of inactivity, since you could
forget to carry them out later.
Proceed as follows:
◆ Drain the fuel tank and the carburettors
completely, see p. 79 (DRAINING THE
FUEL TANK).
◆ Remove the spark plug from each cylinder, see p. 68 (SPARK PLUGS).
◆ Pour a teaspoon (5 ÷ 10 cmC) of engine
oil into the cylinder (for the front cylinder
use a syringe).
◆ Rotate the ignition switch (1) to position
"m".
◆ Push the start pedal (2) for a few times,
to distribute the oil evenly on the cylinder
surfaces.
◆ Put back the spark plugs.
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Remove the battery, see p. 71 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY).
Wash and dry the vehicle, see p. 80
(CLEANING).
Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
Inflate the tyres, see p. 38 (TYRES).
By means of a suitable support, position
the vehicle so that both tyres are raised
from the ground.
Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-humid room, away from sunlight, with minimum temperature variations.
Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of
plastic or waterproof materials.
AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
◆ Uncover and clean the vehicle, see p. 80
(CLEANING).
◆ Check the charge of the battery, see
p. 71 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY)
and install it.
◆ Refill the fuel tank, see p. 29 (FUEL).
◆ Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 39 (PRELIMINARY
CHECKING OPERATIONS).
a
Have a test ride at moderate
speed in a low-traffic area.
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TECHNICAL DATA
DIMENSIONS
Max. length ..................................................
Max. width....................................................
Max. height (front part of the fairing included)
Seat height ..................................................
Distance between centres ...........................
Min. ground clearance .................................
Weight ready for starting .............................
1975 mm
690 mm
1180 mm
810 mm
1360 mm
135 mm
167 kg
ENGINE
Type .............................................................
90˚V two-cylinder with laminar suction and valve on the exhaust port.
Separate lubrication with automatic, variable titer mixer (0.9-2%).
2
249.25 cmC
56 mm / 50.6 mm
12 ± 0.7 : 1
With pedal
1300 ± 100 rpm
multidisc in oil bath, with manual control on the left side of the handlebar.
liquid-cooled
Number of cylinders.....................................
Total displacement.......................................
Bore / stroke ................................................
Compression ratio .......................................
Starting ........................................................
Engine idling rpm.........................................
Clutch ..........................................................
Cooling ........................................................
CAPACITY
Fuel (reserve included).................................
19.5 l
Fuel reserve .................................................
Transmission oil ............................................
Coolant .........................................................
3.6 l (mechanical reserve)
700 cmC
1.9 l (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
Mixer oil (reserve included) ..........................
1.6 l
Mixer oil reserve ...........................................
0.3 l
2
436 cmC (for each rod)
Seats ............................................................
Front fork oil .................................................
Vehicle max. load
(driver + passenger + luggage) ....................
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160 kg
TRANSMISSION
Type .............................................................
GEAR RATIOS
Ratio
1ª
2ª
3ª
4ª
5ª
6ª
Primary
23/59 = 1 : 2.565
Secondary
11 / 27 = 1: 2.454
16 / 26 = 1: 1.625
17 / 21 = 1: 1.235
22 / 23 = 1: 1.045
24 / 22 = 1: 0.916
25 / 21 = 1: 0.840
mechanical, 6 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine
Final ratio
Total ratio
14 / 42 = 1 : 3.00 (14/43 = 1 : 3.071)1 : 18.889
1 : 12.505
1 : 9.506
1 : 8.045
1 : 7.054
1 : 6.464
(1 : 19.330)
(1 : 12.803)
(1 : 9.728)
(1 : 8.231)
(1 : 7.215)
(1 : 6.617)
CARBURETTORS
Model ...........................................................
N˚ 2 carburettors type MIKUNI TM 34
FUEL SUPPLY
Fuel ..............................................................
unleaded petrol according to the DIN 51607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
FRAME
Type .............................................................
Steering inclination angle.............................
Fore stroke ...................................................
Two-beam, with cast and stamped sheet elements
25˚ 30’
102 mm
SUSPENSIONS
Front.............................................................
Stroke...........................................................
Rear .............................................................
Stroke...........................................................
Hydraulically operated adjustable telescopic fork
120 mm
Hydraulic adjustable mono-shock absorber
64 mm
BRAKES
Front.............................................................
Rear .............................................................
Two-disc brake - Ø 298 mm - with hydraulic transmission
Disc brake - Ø 220 mm - with hydraulic transmission
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83
WHEEL RIMS
Type..............................................................
Front .............................................................
Rear..............................................................
light alloy
3.5 x 17”
4.5 x 17”
TYRES
FRONT .........................................................
- Inflation pressure for solo rider...................
- Inflation pressure for rider
and passenger...........................................
120 / 60 ZR x 17”
190 kPa (1.9 bar)
REAR ...........................................................
- Inflation pressure for solo rider...................
- Inflation pressure for rider
and passenger...........................................
150 / 60 ZRx 17”
220 kPa (2.2 bar)
IGNITION
Type..............................................................
Spark advance .............................................
CDI
10˚ ± 2˚ before TDC
SPARK PLUGS
Standard.......................................................
Alternative (lower heat rating).......................
Alternative (higher heat rating) .....................
Spark plug gap .............................................
NGK BR9 ECM
NGK BR8 ECM
NGK BR10 ECM
0.7 ¸ 0.8 mm
84
use and maintenance RS 250
190 ± 10 kPa (1.9 ± 0.1 bar)
240 ± 10 kPa (2.4 ± 0.1 bar)
ELECTRIC
SYSTEM
Battery .........................................................
Fuses ...........................................................
Generator ....................................................
12 V - 4 Ah
20 - 15 - 7.5 A
12 V - 180 W
BULBS
Low beam (halogen) ....................................
High beam (halogen) ...................................
Parking light .................................................
Direction indicators ......................................
Rear parking light/ number
plate light/stoplight .......................................
Revolution counter .......................................
Left multifunction display..............................
Right multifunction display ...........................
12 V - 55 W H1
12 V - 55 W H3
12 V - 5 W
12 V - 10 W
WARNING LIGHTS Neutral .........................................................
Direction indicators ......................................
High beam ...................................................
Stand down ..................................................
Mixer oil reserve ..........................................
Red line .......................................................
12 V - 5 / 21 W
12 V - 2 W
12 V - 2 W
12 V - 2 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
12 V - 3 W
LED
LED
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85
LUBRICANT CHART
0
Gearbox oil (recommended):
F.C., SAE 75W - 90
As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the
A.P.I. GL-4 specifications.
0
MAX 2T COMPETITION
Mixer oil (recommended):
As an alternative to the recommended oil, use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the ISO-L-ETC++,
A.P.I. TC++ specifications.
0
0
Fork oil (recommended):
F.A. 5W or
F.A. 20W fork oil.
If you need an oil with intermediate characteristics in comparison with the two recommended products, these can be mixed as indicated
below:
0 F.A. 5W 67% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 33% of the volume.
SAE 15W 0 F.A. 5W 33% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 67% of the volume.
Bearings and other lubrication points (recommended): 0 AUTOGREASE MP.
SAE 10W
As an alternative to the recommended product, use high-quality grease for rolling bearings, working temperature range -30˚C.... +140˚C,
dripping point 150˚C... 230˚C, high protection against corrosion, good resistance to water and oxidation.
Protection of the battery poles: neutral grease or vaseline.
Spray grease for chains (recommended):
Brake fluid (recommended):
0 CHAIN SPRAY.
0 F.F., DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible).
a
Use new brake fluid only.
Engine coolant (recommended)
a
1: 0 ECOBLU - 40˚C.
Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35˚ C at least.
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Importers
APRILIA MOTO U.K. LTD.
DUNRAGIT
STRANRAER
WIGTOWNSHIRE DG9 8PN
SCOTLAND (UK)
TEL. (01581) 400660
FAX (01581) 400661
IDEAL MOTOR SPORT PTE LTD.
18, HOWARD ROAD
1336 SINGAPORE (SGP)
TEL. 2820082
FAX 2821012
AVIRAM & GOLDMAN IMPORT & MARKETING CO. LTD.
21, TUSHIA STREET
61572 TEL-AVIV
P.O. BOX 57266
ISRAEL (IL)
TEL. (3) 5623951
FAX (3) 5623950
ASK FOR GENUINE SPARE PARTS ONLY
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WIRING DIAGRAM - RS 250
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use and maintenance RS 250
WIRING DIAGRAM KEY - RS 250
1) Generator
2) CDI
3) Front cylinder spool
4) Rear cylinder spool
5) Spark plugs
6) Coolant temperature thermistor
7) Control electronic unit
8) Max. 1 solenoid valve
9) Min. solenoid valve
10) Max. 2 solenoid valve
11) Rave motor
12) Accelerator sensor
13) Voltage regulator
14) Neutral switch
15) Side stand switch
16) Fuses
17) Battery
18) Headlight
19) Dashboard
20) Rear light
21) Blinking
22) Rear right direction indicator
23) Rear left direction indicator
24) Horn
25) Right dimmer switch
26) Left dimmer switch
27) Mixer oil reserve sensor
28) Front stoplight switch
29) Rear stoplight switch
30) Ignition switch
32 Multifunction display (right side)
33) RAVE motor CHECK connector
34) Front parking light
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)
46)
47)
48)
49)
50)
51)
52)
53)
High beam bulb
Low beam bulb
Front right direction indicator
Front left direction indicator
Revolution counter
Speed sensor
Mixer oil reserve warning light LED
Side stand down warning light
Dashboard light
Multifunction display (left side)
High beam warning light
Neutral warning light
Direction indicator warning light
Front cylinder pick-up
Rear cylinder pick-up
Multiple connectors
Red line warning light LED
Light relay
Lights on warning light
CABLE COLOURS
Ar
Az
B
Bl
G
Gr
M
N
R
V
Vi
Orange
Light blue
Blue
White
Yellow
Grey
Brown
Black
Red
Green
Violet
use and maintenance RS 250
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NOTE
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use and maintenance RS 250
NOTE
use and maintenance RS 250
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aprilia s.p.a. wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle.
– Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the environment.
– Do not keep the engine running if it isn’t necessary.
– Avoid disturbing noises.
– Respect nature.
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use and maintenance RS 250