BMW R 1200 RT Technical data

BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate
Riding Machine
Rider's Manual
R 1200 RT
Motorcycle data/dealership details
Motorcycle data
Dealership details
Model
Person to contact in Service department
Vehicle Identification Number
Ms/Mr
Colour code
Phone number
Date of first registration
Registration number
Dealership address/phone number (company stamp)
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarise yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information on maintenance and care to
help you maintain your vehicle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have questions concerning
your motorcycle, your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
provide advice and assistance.
We hope that you will enjoy riding your BMW and that all your
journeys will be pleasant and safe
BMW Motorrad.
01 41 8 551 001
*01418551001*
*01418551001*
*01418551001*
Table of Contents
You can also consult the index at
the end of this Rider's Manual if
you want to find a particular topic
or item of information.
1 General instructions . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and
symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Actuality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3 Status indicators . . . . . . .
Multifunction display . . . . . . . .
Warning and telltale
lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telltale light of cruise control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service-due indicator . . . . . . . .
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambient temperature. . . . . . . .
Tyre pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
22
2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . 13
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . 15
Multifunction switch, left . . . . 16
Multifunction switch,
right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch/steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic immobiliser
EWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multifunction display . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard warning flashers . . . . .
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
42
43
43
44
46
46
47
48
48
Heated handlebar grips . . . . .
Seat heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Stability Control
ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cruise-control system . . . . . . .
Stowage compartment . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shift mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . .
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49
50
51
52
54
54
55
56
56
56
56
57
58
60
61
62
64
67
68
70
70
73
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . .
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securing motorcycle for
transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
73
74
75
6 Engineering details . . . . .
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic engine management with BMW Motorrad
ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tyre pressure monitoring
RDC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA II . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . .
Power sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . .
Toolkit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
80
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Rims and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . 111
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Body panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
125
126
87
88
88
89
91
9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing the motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning easily damaged
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . . .
Laying up the motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restoring motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
96
96
97
10 Technical data . . . . . .
Troubleshooting chart . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
129
130
131
133
82
84
85
126
126
127
128
128
128
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . .
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Riding specifications . . . . . .
134
135
135
136
136
137
139
139
140
141
142
143
143
11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service . . .
BMW Motorrad Mobility
services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of service . . . .
145
146
146
146
148
153
12 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
13 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Actuality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual
will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work on
the motorcycle is documented in
Chapter 11. This record of the
maintenance work you have had
performed on your motorcycle is
a precondition for generous treatment of goodwill claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual;
it is an important part of the motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reasons of your safety and the safety
of others, and to protect your
product against damage.
Specific instructions on
how to operate, control, adjust or look after items of equipment on the motorcycle.
OE
Optional extra.
The motorcycles are assembled complete with
all the BMW Motorrad
optional extras originally
ordered.
OA
Optional accessory.
You can obtain optional
accessories through
your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer;
optional accessories have
to be retrofitted to the
motorcycle.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
Indicates the end of a
passage relating to specific accessories or items
of equipment.
Tightening torque.
Technical data.
EWS Electronic immobiliser.
DWA Anti-theft alarm (Diebstahlwarnanlage).
ABS
Anti-lock brake system.
ASC Automatic Stability Control.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment.
RDC Tyre pressure monitoring
(ReifenDruck-Control).
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment.
This Rider's Manual describes
optional extras (OE) offered by
BMW and selected optional accessories (OA). This explains why
the manual may also contain descriptions of equipment which
you have not ordered. Please
note, too, that your motorcycle
might not be exactly as illustrated in this manual on account
of country-specific differences.
If your BMW was supplied with
equipment not described in
this Rider's Manual, you will
find these features described in
separate manuals.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and
power ratings stated in the
Rider's Manual are quoted to the
standards and comply with the
tolerance requirements of the
Deutsches Institut für Normung
e.V. (DIN). Versions for individual
countries may differ.
Actuality
The high safety and quality
standards of BMW motorcycles
are maintained by constant
development work on designs,
equipment and accessories.
Because of this, your motorcycle
may differ from the information
supplied in the Rider's Manual.
Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely
rule out errors and omissions.
We hope you will appreciate that
no claims can be entertained on
the basis of the data, illustrations
or descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
ESA
z
General instructions
1
8
z
General views
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2
9
Multifunction switch, left . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Multifunction switch, right . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
General views
Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
z
General views
2
10
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Headlight beam-throw adjustment ( 61)
Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 101)
On-board socket (OE/OA)
( 88)
Adjuster for damping characteristic, rear suspension
( 57)
adjustable shift lever
( 56)
Engine oil level indicator
( 97)
Power socket ( 88)
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) (on steering-head
bearing)
2
11
General views
General view, left side
z
General views
2
12
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Seat lock ( 62)
with seat heating OE
Control for rear-seat heating (underneath rear seat)
( 50)
Tank bag adapter
Fuel filler neck ( 75)
Clutch-fluid reservoir
electrically adjustable windscreen ( 56)
Storage compartment
( 54)
Engine-oil filler neck
( 98)
2
13
General views
General view, right side
z
General views
2
14
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Front-seat height adjustment ( 64)
Battery ( 120)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 102)
Rider's Manual
Toolkit
Helmet holder ( 64)
Payload table
Table of tyre pressures
Adjuster for spring preload,
rear ( 56)
2
15
General views
Underneath the seat
z
2
Multifunction switch,
left
16
1
General views
2
z
3
4
5
6
7
8
Operation of the audio system (OE, see separate instructions for use)
High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher ( 47)
with cruise-control system OE
Cruise control system control ( 52)
Hazard warning flashers
( 48)
Windscreen control
( 56)
Operation of the turn indicators ( 47)
Horn
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA
II) OE
Operating ESA ( 58)
with Automatic Stability
Control (ASC) OE
Operating the ASC
( 51)
10 Select display ( 44)
2
17
General views
9
z
Multifunction switch,
right
18
1
General views
2
z
2
3
4
with heated handlebar
grips OE
Operation of the heated
handlebar grips ( 49)
with seat heating OE
Front seat heating control
( 50)
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) ( 48)
Starter button ( 70)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Speedometer
Warning and telltale lights
( 23)
Multifunction display
( 22)
Rev. counter
Anti-theft alarm telltale light
(OE, see separate instructions for use)
Operation of the clock
( 43)
Adjust the dimmer
( 46).
Control for the odometer
( 44)
Ambient-light brightness
sensor (for adapting the
brightness of the instrument lighting)
2
19
General views
Instrument panel
z
General views
2
20
z
Status indicators
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Warning and telltale lights . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3
21
Service-due indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Tyre pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Status indicators
Telltale light of cruise control . . . . . . . 23
z
3
Multifunction display
1
22
Status indicators
2
3
z
4
5
6
7
8
9
The height of the column
indicates the quantity of
fuel left in the tank.
Warnings ( 26)
- with audio system (OE)
Audio-system readings
Gear indicator; "N" indicates neutral.
The height of the column
indicates engine temperature.
with seat heating OE
Seat-heating indicator
( 50)
Clock ( 43)
with heated handlebar
grips OE
Grip-heating indicator
( 49)
Odometer
with on-board computer OE
Odometer reading and tripmeter reading ( 45)
Warning and telltale
lights
7
General warning light, in
combination with warnings
in the display ( 26)
The ABS symbol might differ, depending on the specifics of national regulations.
Telltale light of cruise
control
with cruise-control system OE
1
2
3
4
5
6
Telltale light for left turn
indicators
High-beam headlight telltale light
Telltale light for neutral
ABS warning light ( 35)
Telltale light for right turn
indicators
with Automatic Stability
Control (ASC) OE
ASC warning light ( 36)
3
23
Status indicators
10 Trip meter ( 45)
with on-board computer OE
On-board computer readings ( 44)
with tyre pressure monitoring (RDC) OE
RDC status indicators
( 25)
z
1
Telltale light of cruise control ( 52)
24
Status indicators
Service-due indicator
is accompanied by the 'General' warning light showing yellow.
The word "Service" remains permanently visible.
If the service-due indicator
appears more than a month
before the service date, the date
saved in the instrument cluster
must be adjusted. This situation
can occur if the battery was disconnected for a prolonged period
of time.
If you want to have the date
set consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
3
z
If the next service is due in less
than one month, the date for the
next service 1 is shown briefly
after the Pre-Ride Check completes. In this example the reading means "March 2012".
If the motorcycle covers long distances in the course of the year,
under certain circumstances it
might be necessary to have it
serviced at a date in advance
of the forecast due date. If the
countdown distance to the odometer reading at which a service
will be due is less than 1000 km,
the distance is counted down in
steps of 100 km 2 and is shown
briefly after the Pre-Ride Check
completes.
If service is overdue, the
due date or the odometer
reading at which service was due
Range
RANGE
The range readout indicates how
far you can ride with the fuel remaining in the tank. This distance is calculated on the basis
of fuel level and average consumption.
The calculated range is
only an approximate figure.
Consequently, BMW Motorrad
recommends that you should not
try to use the full range before
refuelling.
without on-board computer OE
The range reading does not appear until the fuel is down to the
reserve level.
with on-board computer OE
The figure for average consumption used to calculate range is
not shown and might not be the
same as the average-consumption reading that appears on the
display.
Ambient temperature
with on-board computer OE
When the motorcycle is at
a standstill the heat of the
engine can falsify the ambienttemperature reading. If the effect
of the engine's heat becomes excessive, -- temporarily appears
on the display.
If ambient temperature drops below 3 °C the temperature display flashes to draw your attention to the risk of black ice forming. The display automatically
switches from any other mode
to the temperature reading when
the temperature drops below this
threshold for the first time.
Tyre pressures
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
3
25
Status indicators
When refuelling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. If the sensor cannot
register the new level the range
readout cannot be updated.
When the motorcycle is propped
on its side stand the slight angle
of inclination means that the
sensor cannot register the fuel
level correctly. This is the reason
why the range is calculated only
when the side stand is in the retracted position.
z
Warnings
3
Mode of presentation
Status indicators
26
z
The tyre-pressure readings are
based on a reference tyre temperature of 20 °C. The front
tyre pressure is on the left 1;
the reading on the right 2 is
the rear tyre pressure. -- -appears directly after the ignition is switched on, because
the sensors do not transmit tyre
pressures until the first time the
motorcycle accelerates to more
than 30 km/h.
If warning symbol 2 also shows,
the reading is a warning. The
critical tyre pressure flashes.
If the critical value is close to the
limit of the permissible tolerance
range, 'General' warning light 1
also comes on and shows yellow.
If the tyre pressure registered by
the sensor is outside the permissible tolerance range, the
general warning light 1 flashes
red.
The detailed description of
BMW Motorrad RDC starts on
page ( 84).
Warnings are indicated by 'General' warning light 1 showing
in combination with one of the
warning symbols 2. The 'General' warning light shows red or yellow, depending on the urgency of
the warning.
If two or more warnings occur at
the same time, all the appropriate
warning lights and warning symbols appear. The status of the
'General' warning light matches
the most urgent warning.
3
27
Status indicators
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
z
3
28
Warnings, overview
Warning and telltale
lights
Lights up yellow
Warning symbols on
the display
EWS ! appears on
Meaning
Electronic immobiliser active (
32)
Status indicators
the display
z
Lights up yellow
Flashes
Fuel down to reserve (
Lights up yellow
Appears on the display
Engine in emergency-operation mode
( 32)
Flashes red
Appears on the display
Insufficient engine oil pressure (
Lights up red
Appears on the display
Insufficient battery charge current
( 33)
Lights up yellow
Appears on the display
Rear light bulb defective (
Appears on the display
Front light bulb defective (
Appears on the display
Bulbs defective (
Lights up yellow
34)
32)
33)
34)
33)
Warning symbols on
the display
Meaning
3
+ "Oil" appear on
the display
Engine-oil level too low (
+ ambient-temperature reading flash
Outside temperature warning (
Flashes
ABS self-diagnosis not completed
( 35)
Lights up
ABS fault (
quick-flashes
ASC intervention (
slow-flashes
ASC self-diagnosis not completed
( 36)
lights up
ASC deactivated (
lights up
ASC fault (
35)
36)
35)
36)
29
34)
35)
Status indicators
Warning and telltale
lights
z
3
30
Warning and telltale
lights
Lights up yellow
Warning symbols on
the display
Appears on the display
Meaning
Tyre pressure close to limit of permitted
tolerance ( 36)
Status indicators
The critical pressure flashes.
z
Flashes red
Appears on the display
Tyre pressure outside permitted tolerance ( 37)
The critical pressure flashes.
"--" or "-is displayed.
Lights up yellow
Appears on the display
"--" or "-is displayed.
Lights up yellow
--"
Signal transmission disrupted (
38)
Sensor defective or system error
( 38)
--"
+ "RDC" appears
on the display
Tyre-pressure sensor battery weak
( 39)
+ "DWA" appears
on the display
Anti-theft alarm battery weak (
39)
Lights up yellow
Warning symbols on
the display
+ "DWA" appears
on the display
Meaning
Anti-theft alarm battery flat (
3
39)
31
Status indicators
Warning and telltale
lights
z
3
32
Electronic immobiliser
active
General warning light shows
yellow.
Status indicators
EWS ! appears on the display.
z
Possible cause:
The key being used is not authorised for starting, or communication between key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove all other vehicle keys
from the same ring as the ignition key.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key replaced, preferably by an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Fuel down to reserve
General warning light shows
yellow.
Reserve fuel level symbol
flashes.
A shortage of fuel can result in misfires. This can
cause the engine to switch off
unexpectedly (risk of accident)
and damage the catalytic converter.
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
The engine is running in
emergency operating mode.
Unusual engine response is a
possibility.
Adapt your style of riding accordingly. Avoid accelerating sharply
and overtaking.
Possible cause:
The fuel tank contains no more
than the reserve quantity of fuel.
Possible cause:
The engine control unit has diagnosed a fault. In exceptional
cases, the engine stops and refuses to start. Otherwise, the engine runs in emergency operating
mode.
You can continue to ride, but
bear in mind that the usual engine performance might not be
available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Refuelling ( 75).
Engine in emergencyoperation mode
General warning light shows
yellow.
Engine symbol appears on
the display.
General warning light
flashes red.
Oil-can symbol appears on
the display.
The oil pressure in the lube-oil
system is too low. Stop immediately and switch off the engine.
The insufficient oil pressure warning does not fulfil
the function of an oil gauge. The
only way of checking whether the
oil level is correct is to check the
oil level indicator.
Possible cause:
The engine-oil level is too low.
Checking engine oil level
( 97).
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil.
Possible cause:
The engine-oil pressure is insufficient.
Riding when engine-oil
pressure is low can result
in engine damage.
Do not continue your journey.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Insufficient battery charge
current
General warning light shows
red.
Battery symbol appears on
the display.
A discharged battery can
render various systems unavailable, for example the lights,
the engine or the ABS. This can
result in dangerous situations.
Do not continue your journey.
Possible cause:
Alternator or alternator drive belt
defective
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Rear light bulb defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
Bulb symbol with arrow
pointing to the rear appears
on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
3
33
Status indicators
Insufficient engine oil
pressure
z
3
Status indicators
34
z
Possible cause:
Rear light or brake light bulb defective.
Replacing brake-light, rearlight and rear-indicator bulbs
( 115).
Front light bulb defective
Bulb symbol with arrow
pointing to the front appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, side light or turn indicator bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam and highbeam headlight bulb ( 112).
Replacing parking-light bulb
( 114).
Replacing front turn indicator
bulb ( 117).
Replacing brake-light, rearlight and rear-indicator bulbs
( 115).
Bulbs defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
Bulb symbol with two arrows appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Possible cause:
A combination of the bulb defects described above has occurred.
See the fault descriptions
above.
Engine-oil level too low
with on-board computer OE
+ "Oil" appear on the display.
Possible cause:
The electronic oil-level sensor
has registered an excessively low
oil level. Check the engine-oil
level at the oil-level indicator the
next time you stop to refuel:
Checking engine oil level
( 97).
If the oil level is too low:
Top up the engine oil ( 98).
Outside temperature
warning
with on-board computer OE
+ ambient-temperature
reading flash.
Possible cause:
The air temperature measured
at the motorcycle is lower than
3 °C.
The ambient temperature
warning does not mean that
there is no risk of ice forming at
measured temperatures above
3 °C.
Always take extra care when
temperatures are low; remember
that the danger of black ice forming is particularly high on bridges
and where the road is in shade.
Ride carefully and think well
ahead.
ABS self-diagnosis not
completed
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible cause:
The ABS function is not
available, because selfdiagnosis did not complete. The
motorcycle has to move forward
a few metres for the wheel
sensors to be tested.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the ABS function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
ABS fault
ABS warning light shows.
3
35
Possible cause:
The ABS control unit has detected a fault. The ABS function is
not available.
You can continue to ride the
vehicle, but make due provision for the fact that the ABS
function is not available. Bear
in mind the more detailed information on situations that can
lead to an ABS fault ( 81).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ASC intervention
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
Status indicators
Possible cause:
The oil level sensor might be defective if the "Check oil level"
message appears even though a
check of the oil level indicator reveals that the oil level is correct.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
z
3
Status indicators
36
z
ASC warning light quickflashes.
The ASC has detected a degree
of instability at the rear wheel
and has intervened to reduce
torque. The warning light flashes
for longer than ASC intervention
lasts. This affords the rider visual
feedback on control intervention
even after the critical situation
has been dealt with.
ASC self-diagnosis not
completed
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
ASC warning light slowflashes.
Possible cause:
Self-diagnosis did not complete,
so the ASC function is not available. The engine must be running and the motorcycle must
reach a speed of at least 5 km/h
in order for ASC self-diagnosis to
complete.
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind
that the ASC function is not
available until self-diagnosis has
completed.
ASC deactivated
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
ASC warning light shows.
Possible cause:
The rider has switched off the
ASC system.
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
Activating the ASC function
( 52).
ASC fault
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
ASC warning light shows.
Possible cause:
The ASC control unit has detected a fault. The ASC function is
not available.
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the ASC function
is not available. Bear in mind
the more detailed information
on situations that can lead to
an ASC fault ( 83).
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Tyre pressure close
to limit of permitted
tolerance
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
General warning light
flashes red.
Tyre symbol appears on
the display.
Tyre symbol appears on
the display.
The critical pressure flashes.
Possible cause:
Measured tyre pressure is close
to the limit of permitted tolerance.
Correct the tyre pressure as
stated on the inside cover of
the Rider's Manual.
Before you adjust tyre pressure, read the information
on temperature compensation
and adjusting pressure in the
section entitled "Engineering
details".
Tyre pressure outside
permitted tolerance
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
The critical pressure flashes.
Possible cause:
Measured tyre pressure is outside permitted tolerance.
Check the tyre for damage
and to ascertain whether the
vehicle can be ridden with the
tyre in its present condition.
If the vehicle can be ridden with
the tyre in its present condition:
Out-of-tolerance tyre pressures impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics.
Adapt your style of riding
accordingly.
Correct the tyre pressure at the
earliest possible opportunity.
Before you adjust tyre pressure, read the information
on temperature compensation
and adjusting pressure in the
section entitled "Engineering
details".
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
If you are unsure whether the
vehicle can be ridden with the
tyre in its present condition:
Do not continue your journey.
Notify the breakdown service.
Have the tyre checked for
damage by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
3
37
Status indicators
General warning light shows
yellow.
z
3
Status indicators
38
z
Signal transmission
disrupted
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
"--" or "-- --" is displayed.
Possible cause:
The vehicle has not yet
accelerated past the threshold
of approximately 30 km/h.
The RDC sensors do not start
transmitting signals until the
motorcycle reaches a speed
above this threshold for the first
time ( 84).
Increase speed above this
threshold and observe the RDC
readings. Assume that a permanent fault has not occurred
unless the 'General' warning
light comes on to accompany
the symptoms. Under these
circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Possible cause:
Wireless communication with the
RDC sensors has been disrupted.
Possible causes include radiocommunication systems operating in the vicinity and interfering
with the link between the RDC
control unit and the sensors.
Move to another location and
observe the RDC readings. Assume that a permanent fault
has not occurred unless the
'General' warning light comes
on to accompany the symptoms. Under these circumstances:
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Sensor defective or
system error
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
General warning light shows
yellow.
Tyre symbol appears on
the display.
"--" or "-- --" is displayed.
Possible cause:
Motorcycle is fitted with wheels
not equipped with RDC sensors.
Fit wheels and tyres equipped
with RDC sensors.
Possible cause:
One or two RDC sensors have
failed.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Tyre-pressure sensor
battery weak
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
General warning light shows
yellow.
+ "RDC" appears on the
display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the tyrepressure sensor has lost a significant proportion of its original
capacity. There is no assurance
of how long the tyre pressure
control system can remain operational.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
weak
with anti-theft alarm (DWA) OE
+ "DWA" appears on the
display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the antitheft alarm has lost a significant
proportion of its original capacity.
There is no assurance of how
long the anti-theft alarm can remain operational if the vehicle's
battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
3
39
Anti-theft alarm battery
flat
with anti-theft alarm (DWA) OE
General warning light shows
yellow.
+ "DWA" appears on the
display.
This error message appears
only briefly after the preride check completes.
Possible cause:
The integral battery in the antitheft alarm has lost its entire original capacity. There is no assurance that the anti-theft alarm
will be operational if the vehicle's
battery is disconnected.
Seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Status indicators
Possible cause:
A system error has occurred.
Have the fault rectified by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
z
Status indicators
3
40
z
Ignition switch/steering lock . . . . . . . . . 42
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Electronic immobiliser EWS . . . . . . . . . 43
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Shift mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Emergency off switch (kill
switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Heated handlebar grips . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Seat heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Automatic Stability Control ASC . . . . 51
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Cruise-control system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Stowage compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
4
41
Operation
Operation
z
Ignition switch/steering
lock
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
42
Keys
Switching on ignition
Operation
4
z
You receive two master keys and
one emergency key. The emergency key is small and light so
that it can always be kept in a
wallet or purse, for example. It
is designed for occasional use,
for example when no master key
is available; it is not intended for
constant use.
Please consult the information on
the electronic immobiliser (EWS)
if a key is lost or mislaid ( 43).
Ignition switch/steering lock, tank
filler cap lock, seat lock and case
locks are all operated with the
same key.
with topcase OA
If you wish you can arrange to
have the topcase fitted with a
lock that can be opened with the
same key. Consult a specialist
Turn the key to position 1.
Parking lights and all function
circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 71)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 71)
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 72)
Switch off the ignition
Turn the key to position 2.
Lights switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered accessories remain operational for a limited period of time.
The battery can be recharged
via the socket.
Locking handlebars
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
Turn the handlebars to the full
left or right lock position.
Turn the key to position 3,
while moving the handlebars
slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobiliser
EWS
The on-board electronics access
the data saved in the ignition key
via a ring aerial in the ignition
lock. The ignition is not enabled
for starting until the engine control unit has recognised the key
as "authorised" for your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine could "irritate" the electronics, in which case the enabling
signal for starting is not issued.
The EWS warning appears in the
multifunction display.
Always keep the spare key separately from the ignition key.
If you mislay a key you can have
the key in question barred by
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer. In order to have a key
barred you must bring along all
the other keys belonging to the
motorcycle.
The engine cannot be started by
a barred key, but a key that has
been barred can subsequently be
reactivated.
You can obtain replacement/extra
keys only through an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys
are part of an integrated security
system, so the dealer is under an
obligation to check the legitimacy
of all applications for replacement/extra keys.
Clock
Setting clock
Attempting to set the clock
while riding the motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
4
43
Operation
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
z
4
44
Set the clock only when the motorcycle is stationary.
Switch on the ignition.
Hold down the button until the
minutes number stops flashing.
This completes the process.
Reading
Selecting readings
Operation
Switch on the ignition.
without on-board computer OE
Residual range (RANGE, once
fuel level is down to reserve)
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Tyre pressures (RDC)
with on-board computer OE
z
Press and hold down button 1
until the hours number 2
flashes.
Repeatedly press the button
until the hours number is correct.
Press and hold down the button until the minutes number 3
flashes.
Repeatedly press the button
until the minutes number is
correct.
Press button 1 to select the
reading in display area 2.
The following values can be displayed:
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Press button 1 to select the
reading in display area 3.
The following values can be displayed:
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Total distance travelled
(DIST).
Select the desired tripmeter.
without on-board computer OE
with on-board computer OE
4
Press button 4 to select the
reading in display area 2.
The following values can be displayed:
Ambient temperature
Range
Average speed
Average consumption
Oil-level reminder (Oil)
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Tyre pressures (RDC)
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Press and hold down button 1
until the tripmeter reading in
display area 2 has reset.
Press and hold down button 1
until the tripmeter reading in
display area 3 has reset.
Resetting average values
with on-board computer OE
Switch on the ignition.
Select average consumption or
average speed.
Operation
45
z
Lights
46
The side lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
Operation
4
z
Side light
Press and hold down button 4
until the reading in display
area 2 has reset.
Multifunction display
Adjust the dimmer
Attempting to adjust the
dimmer while riding the
motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
dimmer unless the motorcycle
is at a standstill.
Switch on the ignition.
Press button 1.
The current level of dimming
appears in display field 2.
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the desired dimming level appears on the display.
The brightness of the display increases one level each
time you press the button.
Each time you press the button after maximum brightness
is reached, brightness is reduced by one level.
The side lights place
a strain on the battery.
Do not switch the ignition
on for longer than absolutely
necessary.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
When the engine is not
running you can switch on
the lights by switching on the ignition and either switching on the
high-beam headlight or operating
the headlight flasher.
High-beam headlight and
headlight flasher
Parking lights
Switch off the ignition.
Immediately after switching off
the ignition, push button 1 to
the left and hold it in this position until the parking lights
come on.
Switch the ignition on and off
again to switch off the parking
lights.
Turn indicators
Operating the turn
indicators
Switch on the ignition.
4
47
Operation
Push switch 1 forward to
switch on the high-beam
headlight.
Pull switch 1 back to operate
the headlight flasher.
The turn indicators are cancelled automatically after
you have ridden for approximately
10 seconds and covered a distance of about 300 m.
z
Push button 1 to the left to
switch on the left turn indicators.
Push button 1 to the right to
switch on the right turn indicators.
Operate centre button 1 to
cancel the turn indicators.
4
Hazard warning
flashers
48
Operating hazard warning
flashers
Emergency off switch
(kill switch)
Operation
Switch on the ignition.
z
The hazard warning flashers place a strain on the
battery. Do not use the hazard
warning flashers for longer than
absolutely necessary.
If you press a turn-indicator button with the ignition
switched on, the turn-indicator
function is activated instead of
the hazard warning flashers, and
remains active until you release
the button. The hazard warning
flashers recommence flashing as
soon as the button is released.
Press button 1 to switch on
the hazard warning flashers.
Ignition can be switched off.
Press button 1 again to switch
off the hazard warning flashers.
1
Emergency off switch (kill
switch)
Operating the kill switch
when riding can cause
the rear wheel to lock and thus
cause a fall.
Do not operate the kill switch
when riding.
The emergency off switch is a
kill switch for switching off the
engine quickly and easily.
The increase in power consumption caused by having the heated handlebar grips
switched on can drain the battery
if you are riding at low engine
speeds. If the charge level is low,
the heated handlebar grips are
switched off to ensure the battery's starting capability.
Engine switched off
Normal operating position
(run)
Heated handlebar grips
with heated handlebar grips OE
Operating the heated
handlebar grips
Start the engine.
The heating in the heated
handlebar grips can be activated only when the engine is
running.
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the desired heating stage appears on the display.
49
The handlebar grips have twostage heating. Stage two is for
heating the grips quickly: it is advisable to switch back to stage
one as soon as the grips are
warm. The heating stage you
have selected is indicated by the
symbol in the multifunction display 2.
50% heating power
100% heating power
The selected heating stage will
be saved if you allow a certain
Operation
a
b
4
z
4
Operation
50
z
with seat heating OE
soon as the seat is warm. The
heating stage you have selected
is indicated by the symbol in the
multifunction display 2.
50% heating power
Front-seat heating
100% heating power
length of time to pass without
making further changes.
Seat heating
Start the engine.
Seat heating can be activated only when the engine
is running.
The increase in power consumption caused by the
seat heating can drain the battery if you are riding at low engine speeds. If the charge level
is low, seat heating is switched
off to ensure the battery's starting capability.
Repeatedly press button 1 until
the desired heating stage appears on the display.
The front seat has two-stage
heating. Stage two is for heating
the seat quickly: it is advisable
to switch back to stage one as
Rear seat heating
Start the engine.
Seat heating can be activated only when the engine
is running.
The increase in power consumption caused by the
seat heating can drain the battery if you are riding at low engine speeds. If the charge level
is low, seat heating is switched
off to ensure the battery's starting capability.
Automatic Stability
Control ASC
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
Deactivating the ASC
function
Switch on the ignition.
You have the option of deactivating the ASC function
while the motorcycle is on the
move.
Set switch 1 to the desired
heating stage.
The heating stage you have selected is indicated by the symbol
in the multifunction display 5.
50% heating power
The rear seat has two-stage
heating. Stage two is for heating
the seat quickly: it is advisable to
100% heating power
Press and hold down button 1
until the ASC warning light
changes status.
4
51
Operation
switch back to stage one as soon
as the seat is warm.
2 Switch centred: Heating off.
3 Switch pushed back: 50 %
heating power.
4 Switch pushed forward:
100 % heating power.
z
4
Operation
52
z
ASC warning light shows.
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
ASC warning light remains
ON.
The ASC function is deactivated.
Activating the ASC
function
ASC warning light goes out;
if self-diagnosis has not
completed it starts flashing.
Switching on cruise
control
Release button 1 within two
seconds.
The ASC warning light remains off or continues to
flash.
The ASC function is activated.
You also have the option of
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
An ASC fault has occurred
if the ASC warning light
shows when the motorcycle accelerates to a speed in excess
of 5 km/h after the ignition was
switched off and then on again.
Slide switch 1 to the right.
Button 2 is operational.
Set the road speed
Cruise-control system
Press and hold down button 1
until the ASC warning light
changes status.
with cruise-control system OE
Briefly push button 2 forward.
Telltale light for cruise control shows.
The motorcycle maintains your
current cruising speed and the
setting is saved.
Push button 2 forward and
hold it in this position.
The motorcycle accelerates
steplessly.
The current speed is maintained and saved if button 2 is
not pushed again.
4
53
Decelerating
Push button 2 back and hold it
in this position.
The motorcycle decelerates
steplessly.
The current speed is maintained and saved if button 2 is
not pushed again.
Accelerating
Deactivate cruise control
Briefly push button 2 forward.
Speed is increased by approx.
2 km/h each time you push the
button.
Briefly push button 2 back.
Speed is reduced by approx.
2 km/h each time you push the
button.
Brake, pull the clutch lever
or turn the throttle twistgrip
(close the throttle by turning
the twistgrip back past the
idle position) to deactivate the
cruise-control system.
Telltale light for cruise control
goes out.
Operation
Cruise control can be used
in the speed range from
50 km/h to 180 km/h.
z
4
Resuming former cruising
speed
Operation
54
z
Telltale light for cruise control shows.
Switch off cruise control
Briefly push button 2 back to
return to the speed saved beforehand.
Opening the throttle does
not deactivate the cruisecontrol system. If you release
the twistgrip the motorcycle will
decelerate only to the cruising
speed saved in memory, even
though you might have intended
slowing to a lower speed.
Slide switch 1 to the left.
The system is deactivated.
Button 2 is disabled.
Stowage compartment
Opening stowage
compartment
Open lock barrel 1 with the
ignition key.
To open the lid, push the unlocked lock barrel downwards.
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever
If the position of the clutch
fluid reservoir is changed,
air can enter the clutch system.
Do not twist the handlebar fitting
or the handlebars.
The adjusting screw is
easier to turn if you push
the clutch lever forward.
55
Brakes
Adjust the handbrake
lever
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not twist the handlebar fitting
or the handlebars.
Turn adjusting screw 1
clockwise to increase the span
between the clutch lever and
the handlebar grip.
Turn adjusting screw 1
counter-clockwise to reduce
the span between the clutch
lever and the handlebar grip.
4
Attempting to adjust the
handbrake lever while riding
the motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
handbrake lever unless the motorcycle is at a standstill.
Turn adjusting screw 1
clockwise to increase the span
between the brake lever and
the handlebar grip.
Turn adjusting screw 1
counter-clockwise to reduce
the span between the brake
lever and the handlebar grip.
The adjusting screw is
easier to turn if you push
the handbrake lever forward.
Operation
Attempting to adjust the
clutch lever while riding the
motorcycle can lead to accidents.
Do not attempt to adjust the
clutch lever unless the motorcycle is at a standstill.
z
4
Shift mechanism
Mirrors
Adjusting shift lever
Adjust the mirrors
Operation
56
z
Slacken screw 1.
Turn peg 2 to the desired position.
Tighten screw 1 to the specified tightening torque.
Selector lever to selector
shaft
8 Nm
Pivot the mirror to the correct
position by pressing gently at
the edge.
Windscreen
Adjusting windscreen
Switch on the ignition.
Press top section of button 1
to raise the windscreen.
Press bottom section of button 1 to lower the windscreen.
Spring preload
Setting
It is essential to set spring preload of the rear suspension to
suit the load carried by the motorcycle. Increase spring preload
when the motorcycle is heavily
loaded and reduce spring preload
accordingly when the motorcycle
is lightly loaded.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do not
match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit spring preload.
Remove the rear seat (
If you want to reduce spring
preload, turn the knob in the
direction indicated by the LOW
arrow.
62).
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Adjust spring preload by turning knob 1.
If you want to increase spring
preload, turn the knob in the
direction indicated by the HIGH
arrow.
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
Turn the knob as far as it
will go in the LOW direction,
then preload the spring by
10 clicks. (Full load of fuel,
with rider 85 kg)
Install the rear seat (
63).
Damping
Setting
Damping must be adapted to suit
the surface on which the motorcycle is ridden and to suit spring
preload.
An uneven surface requires
softer damping than a smooth
surface.
An increase in spring preload
requires firmer damping, a reduction in spring preload requires softer damping.
Adjusting the damping
characteristic for rear
wheel
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
4
57
Operation
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
z
4
Basic setting of rear-suspension damping characteristic
Operation
58
z
There is a risk of injury
by burns if you adjust the
damping characteristic while the
silencer is hot.
Use a screwdriver extension and
wear protective gloves.
Adjust the damping characteristic, using the tool from the
on-board toolkit to turn adjusting screw 1.
If you want a harder damping
characteristic, turn adjusting
screw 1 in the direction indicated by the H arrow.
If you want a softer damping
characteristic, turn adjusting
screw 1 in the direction indicated by the S arrow.
Basic setting of rear-suspension damping characteristic
without Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
Turn the adjusting screw as
far as it will go in the direction indicated by the H arrow
and then turn it back three
quarters of a turn in the direction indicated by the S
arrow (Full load of fuel, with
rider 85 kg)
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
Settings
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA provides a convenient
way of adapting the motorcycle
to the load it carries and the surface over which you intend riding.
Call up settings
Switch on the ignition.
Press button 1 to view the current setting.
One-up with luggage
4
Two-up (with luggage)
59
The setting shows briefly, then
disappears automatically.
The damping you select
is shown in panel 1 of the
multifunction display and load
mode is shown in panel 2. The
meanings of the readings are as
follows:
COMF: Comfortable damping
characteristic
NORM: Normal damping characteristic
SPORT: Sporty damping
characteristic
One-up
Adjusting the chassis and
suspension
Start the engine.
Press button 1 once to view
the current setting.
To set the damping, repeatedly
short-press button 1 until the
Operation
You have a choice of three load
modes with any of three damping variants selectable for each
mode.
The detailed description of the
ESA II Electronic Suspension
Adjustment system is on page
( 85).
z
4
Operation
60
z
setting you want to use appears on the display.
You can adjust the damping
characteristic while the motorcycle is on the move.
To set the load mode,
repeatedly long-press button 1
until the setting you want to
use appears on the display.
The load cannot be set
while the motorcycle is in
motion.
The damping and load settings
shown on the display are accepted if you allow a certain
length of time to pass without
pressing button 1; the ESA
setting then automatically disappears from the display.
Tyres
Checking tyre pressure
Incorrect tyre pressures impair the motorcycle's handling characteristics and increase
the rate of tyre wear.
Always check that the tyre pressures are correct.
At high road speeds, tyre
valves installed perpendicular to the wheel rim have a
tendency to open as a result of
centrifugal force.
In order to avoid a sudden loss of
tyre pressure, fit a valve cap with
rubber sealing ring to the rear
tyre and make sure that the cap
is screwed on firmly.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Check tyre pressures against
the data below.
Tyre pressure, front
2.2 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
2.5 bar (two-up and/or with
luggage, tyre cold)
Tyre pressure, rear
2.5 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
2.9 bar (two-up and/or with
luggage, tyre cold)
If tyre pressure is too low:
Correct tyre pressure.
Adjusting headlight for
driving on left/driving on
right
If the motorcycle is ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies, its asymmetric low-beam headlight will tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight set
accordingly by a specialist
workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Commercially available adhesive tape will damage the
plastic lens of the light.
Consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer, in order
to avoid damaging the plastic
lens of the light.
Headlight beam throw and
spring preload
Headlight beam throw is generally kept constant when spring
preload is adjusted to suit load.
Spring preload adjustment might
not suffice only if the motorcycle
is very heavily loaded. Under
these circumstances, headlight
beam throw has to be adjusted
to suit the weight carried by the
motorcycle.
If there are doubts about
the correct headlight range,
seek the advice of a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Headlight beam-throw
adjustment
4
61
1
Headlight beam-throw adjustment
Spring preload adjustment might
not suffice if the motorcycle is
very heavily loaded. Headlight
beam throw can be adjusted by
means of the knob so as not to
dazzle oncoming traffic.
Operation
Headlight
z
with seat heating OE
4
Operation
62
z
a
b
Turn the knob as far as it
will go in the UP direction:
Neutral position.
Turn the knob in the
DOWN direction until the
headlight beam no longer
dazzles oncoming traffic.
Front and rear seats
Remove the rear seat
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Turn the key to unlatch seat
lock 1 and hold it in this position while pressing down the
rear part of the rear seat.
Lift the rear seat at the rear
and release the key.
Disengage the latch and disconnect plug 2.
Remove the rear seat and
place it, upholstered side down,
on a clean surface.
Remove the front seat
Remove the rear seat ( 62).
Lift the rear of the front seat.
with seat heating OE
Install the front seat
with seat heating OE
that the seat is correctly located.
4
Disengage the latch and disconnect plug 3.
Connect plug 3.
Remove the front seat and
place it, upholstered side down,
on a clean surface.
If you install the seat in the low
position, check that the seat's
rubber buffers 5 are in the bottom positions in mounts 6.
Firmly press the front seat into
the mounts.
Install the rear seat (
63).
Install the rear seat
Install the front seat (
Push the front seat into seat
supporting rod 4. Make sure
63).
Operation
63
z
4
with seat heating OE
64
The rear seat engages with an
audible click.
Adjusting seat height
Operation
Remove the front seat (
62).
Use a plastic-sheathed steel
cable to secure the helmet to
helmet holder 1.
Connect plug 2.
z
Remove seat supporting rod 1
and reinsert it at the desired
height.
Install the front seat ( 63).
Helmet holder
Slide the rear seat underneath
the front seat and push it down
firmly at the rear.
Securing helmet to
motorcycle
Remove the rear seat (
62).
The helmet catch can
scratch the panelling.
Make sure the lock is out of the
Pass the steel cable through
the helmet and the holder and
position cable and helmet as
shown here.
Install the rear seat ( 63).
4
65
Operation
way when you hook the helmet
into position.
z
Operation
4
66
z
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
5
67
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Securing motorcycle for transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Riding
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
z
Safety instructions
68
Do not ride without the correct
clothing! Always wear:
Helmet
Motorcycling jacket and
trousers
Gloves
Boots
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
This applies even to short
journeys, and to every season
of the year. Your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer will be
glad to advise you on the correct
clothing for every purpose.
Restricted angle of heel
with lowered suspension OE
A motorcycle with lowered
suspension has less ground
clearance and cannot corner
at angles of heel as extreme
as those achievable by a
counterpart motorcycle with
standard-height suspension.
Risk of accident by unexpectedly early contact with
the ground.
Bear in mind that lowered
suspension limits the
motorcycle's angle of heel and
ground clearance.
Test your motorcycle's angle
of heel in situations that do not
involve risk. When riding over
kerbs and similar obstacles, bear
in mind that your motorcycle's
ground clearance is limited.
Lowering the motorcycle's suspension shortens suspension
travel (see the section entitled
"Technical Data"). Ride comfort
might be restricted as a result.
Be sure to adjust spring preload
accordingly, particularly for riding
two-up.
Correct loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the permissible
gross weight and be sure to
comply with the instructions on
loading.
Set spring preload, damping
characteristic and tyre pressures to suit total weight.
Make sure that the weight is
uniformly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items at the bottom and toward the inboard
side.
Note the maximum permissible
payload and the speed limit
for riding with cases fitted, as
stated on the label inside the
case.
with topcase OA
Note the maximum permissible
payload and the speed limit for
with tank rucksack OA
Note the maximum permissible
payload of the tank bag.
Payload of tank bag
≤5 kg
Speed
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind that various boundary conditions can adversely affect the handling of your motorcycle:
Settings of the spring-strut and
shock-absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tyre pressure
Poor tyre tread
Risk of poisoning
Catalytic converter
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colourless
and odourless but highly toxic.
If misfiring causes unburned fuel
to enter the catalytic converter,
there is a danger of overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observe the following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry.
Do not attempt to start or run
the engine with a spark-plug
cap disconnected.
Stop the engine immediately if
it misfires.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Comply with all specified maintenance intervals.
Inhaling the exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in an enclosed space.
Risk of burn injury
Engine and exhaust system
become very hot when the
vehicle is in use. There is a risk
of burn injuries by contact with
hot surfaces.
When you park the motorcycle
make sure that no-one comes
into contact with the engine and
exhaust system.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.
5
69
Riding
riding with topcase fitted, as
stated on the label inside the
topcase.
z
5
Riding
70
z
Risk of overheating
Checklist
Starting
Cooling would be
inadequate if the engine
were allowed to idle for a lengthy
period with the motorcycle at
a standstill: overheating would
result. In extreme cases, the
motorcycle could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. Ride away immediately after starting the engine.
Use the following checklist to
check important functions, settings and wear limits before you
ride off
Brakes
Brake-fluid levels, front and rear
Clutch function
Clutch fluid level
Damping characteristic setting
and spring preload
Tyre tread depth and tyre pressures
Cases correctly installed and
luggage secured.
Starting engine
Tampering
Tampering with motorcycle settings (e.g. electronic engine management unit,
throttle valves, clutch) can cause
damages to the components in
question and lead to failure of
safety-relevant functions. Damage caused in this way is not
covered by the warranty.
Do not tamper with the motorcycle in any way that could result
in tuned performance.
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every refuelling
stop)
Brake-pad wear (every third
refuelling stop).
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 71)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 71)
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 72)
Select neutral or, if a gear is
engaged, pull the clutch lever.
You cannot start the motorcycle with the side stand
extended and a gear engaged.
The engine will switch itself off
if you start it with the gearbox in
neutral and then engage a gear
before retracting the side stand.
When starting a cold engine
at low ambient temperatures:
disengage the clutch and turn
Pre-ride check
The instrument panel runs a test
of the 'General' warning light
when the ignition is switched on:
this is the "Pre-Ride-Check. The
test is aborted if you start the engine before it completes.
Phase 1
General warning light shows
red.
Press starter button 1.
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if battery voltage is too low. Recharge
the battery before you start the
engine, or use jump leads and a
donor battery to start.
The engine starts.
If the engine refuses to start,
consult the troubleshooting
chart in the section entitled
"Technical data". ( 130)
CHECK! appears on the display.
Phase 2
General warning light shows
yellow.
CHECK! appears on the display.
with cruise-control system OE
with cruise-control system:
SET light shows.
If the 'General' warning light does
not show:
5
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicated if the 'General' warning light cannot be displayed.
Check that the 'General' warning
light comes on, and that it shows
red and yellow.
71
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ABS self-diagnosis
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS performs self-diagnosis to ensure its
operability. Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you
switch on the ignition.
Riding
the twistgrip slightly to open
the throttle.
z
5
Riding
72
z
Phase 1
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components with
the vehicle at a standstill.
ABS warning light flashes.
Phase 2
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components while
the motorcycle is on the move
(speed at least 5 km/h)).
ABS warning light flashes.
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an indicator showing an ABS
fault appears when ABS self-diagnosis completes:
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that neither the ABS
function nor the integral braking function is available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
ASC self-diagnosis
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
BMW Motorrad ASC performs
self-diagnosis to ensure its operability. Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you
switch on the ignition.
Phase 1
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components with
the vehicle at a standstill.
ASC warning light slowflashes.
Phase 2
Test of the diagnosis-compatible system components while
the motorcycle is on the move
(speed at least 5 km/h)).
ASC warning light slowflashes.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
The ASC warning light goes
out.
If an indicator showing an ASC
fault appears when ASC selfdiagnosis completes:
You can continue to ride. Bear
in mind that the ASC function
is not available.
Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Engine
Until the first inspection,
vary the throttle opening and
engine-speed range frequently;
avoid riding at constant engine
rpm for prolonged periods.
Try to do most of your riding during this initial period on
twisting, fairly hilly roads.
Comply with the rpm limits for
running in.
Running-in speeds
<5500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 0...200 km)
<6500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 200...400 km)
<7500 min-1 (Odometer
reading 400...600 km)
maximum engine rpm for
short bursts (Odometer
reading 600...900 km)
Do not omit the first inspection
after 500 - 1200 km.
Brake pads
New brake pads have to bed
down before they can achieve
their optimum friction levels. You
can compensate for this initial reduction in braking efficiency by
exerting greater pressure on the
levers.
New brake pads can extend
stopping distance by a significant margin.
Apply the brakes in good time.
Tyres
New tyres have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at
various heel angles until the tyres
are run in. This running in procedure is essential if the tyres are
to achieve maximum grip.
New tyres do not provide
full grip straight away. Wet
roads and extremely sharp inclines pose a risk of accident.
Ride carefully and avoid
extremely sharp inclines.
Brakes
How can stopping
distance be minimised?
Each time the brakes are applied,
a load distribution shift takes
place with the load shifting forward from the rear to the front
wheel. The sharper the motorcycle decelerates, the more load
is shifted to the front wheel. The
higher the wheel load, the more
braking force can be transmitted
without the wheel locking.
To optimise stopping distance,
apply the front brakes rapidly and
keep on increasing the force you
apply to the brake lever. This
makes the best possible use of
the dynamic increase in load at
5
73
Riding
Running in
z
5
Riding
74
z
the front wheel. Remember to
pull the clutch at the same time.
In the "panic braking situations"
that are trained so frequently
braking force is applied as rapidly as possible and with the
rider's full force exerted on the
brake levers; under these circumstances the dynamic shift in load
distribution cannot keep pace
with the increase in deceleration
and the tyres cannot transmit the
full braking force to the surface
of the road.
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS prevents the front wheel from locking up.
Descending mountain
passes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use
only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes. Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front and rear brakes,
and make use of the engine's
braking effect as well.
Wet and dirty brakes
Wetness and dirt on the brake
discs and the brake pads diminish braking efficiency.
Delayed braking action or poor
braking efficiency must be
reckoned with in the following
situations:
Riding in the rain or through
puddles of water.
After the motorcycle has been
washed.
Riding on salted or gritted
roads.
After work has been carried on
the brakes, due to traces of oil
or grease.
Riding on dirt-covered surfaces
or off-road.
Wetness and dirt result in
poor braking efficiency.
Apply the brakes lightly while
riding to remove wetness and
dirt, or dismount and clean the
brakes.
Think ahead and brake in good
time until full braking efficiency is
restored.
Parking your
motorcycle
Side stand
Switch off the engine.
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Extend the side stand and prop
the motorcycle on the stand.
If the camber of the roadway
permits, turn the handlebars all
the way to the left.
On a gradient, the motorcycle
should always face uphill; select 1st gear.
Centre stand
Switch off the engine.
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee that the motorcycle will rest
firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Excessive movements
could cause the centre
stand to retract, and the vehicle
would topple in consequence.
Do not lean or sit on the motorcycle with the centre stand
extended.
Extend the centre stand and lift
the motorcycle onto the stand.
Refuelling
Recommended fuel
grade
Premium plus unleaded,
(max. 10 % ethanol, E10)
98 ROZ/RON
91 AKI
Alternative fuel grade
Fuel grade
For optimum fuel consumption,
fuel should be sulphur-free or
with the lowest sulphur content
possible.
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Do not attempt to run the vehicle
on leaded fuel or fuel with metallic additives, e.g. manganese or
iron.
You can run the engine on fuel
with a maximum ethanol content of 10%, i.e. E10.
Premium unleaded (slight
power- and consumptionrelated restrictions), (max.
10 % ethanol, E10)
95 ROZ/RON
89 AKI
Refuelling
Fuel is highly flammable. A
naked flame close to the
fuel tank can cause a fire or explosion.
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel tank.
5
75
Riding
The side stand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
z
5
Riding
76
z
Fuel expands when hot.
Fuel escaping from an
overfilled tank could make its way
onto the road surface. This could
cause a fall.
Do not overfill the fuel tank.
Fuel attacks plastics, which
become dull or unsightly.
Wipe plastic parts immediately
after contact with fuel.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
If filling occurs after the fuel
level has gone below the
reserve limit, the amount filled
must be greater than the reserve
amount for the new fuel level to
be recognised and the warning
light to switch off.
Open the protective cap.
Use the ignition key to unlock
the fuel filler cap and pop the
cap open.
The volume of the tank can
be utilised to the full only
when the motorcycle is propped
on its side stand.
The “usable fuel capacity”
specified in the technical
data is the quantity that the fuel
tank could hold if it had been run
dry and the engine had cut out
due to a lack of fuel.
Usable fuel capacity
approx. 25 l
Reserve fuel
Do not fill the tank past the
bottom edge of the filler neck.
approx. 4 l
Press the fuel tank cap down
firmly to close.
Securing motorcycle
for transportation
Make sure that all components
that might come into contact
with straps used to secure the
motorcycle are adequately protected against scratching. Use
adhesive tape or soft cloths, for
example, for this purpose.
pling; this is best done with the
support of a 2nd person.
Push the motorcycle onto the
transportation flat and hold it in
position: do not place it on the
side stand or centre stand.
Pass the straps through the
leading link and tighten the
straps.
77
z
At the rear, secure the straps
to the rear footrests on both
sides and tighten the straps.
Risk of damaging components.
Take care not to trap
components such as brake lines
or wires.
The motorcycle can topple
and fall on its side.
Secure motorcycle against top-
5
Riding
Remove the key and close the
protective cap.
At the front, secure the straps
to the top fork bridge on both
sides.
Tighten all the straps uniformly;
the vehicle's suspension should
be compressed as tightly as
possible front and rear.
Riding
5
78
z
Engineering details
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
6
79
Tyre pressure monitoring RDC . . . . . 84
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Engineering details
Electronic engine management with
BMW Motorrad ASC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
z
6
80
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS
Engineering details
Partially integral brakes
z
Your motorcycle is equipped with
partially integral brakes. Both
front and rear brakes are applied
when you pull the handbrake
lever. The footbrake lever acts
only on the rear brake.
While the brakes are slowing the
motorcycle, the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS adapts braking-force
distribution between front and
rear brakes to suit the load on
the motorcycle.
Due to the integral function
a spinning of the rear wheel
with operated front wheel brake
(Burn Out) is not possible. Attempted burn-outs can result in
damage to the rear brake and the
clutch.
Do not attempt burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The amount of braking force that
can be transferred to the road
depends on factors hat include
the coefficient of friction of the
road surface. Loose stones, ice
and snow or a wet road all have
much lower coefficients of friction
than a clean, dry asphalt surface.
The lower the coefficient of friction, the longer the braking distance.
If the rider increases braking
pressure to the extent that braking force exceeds the maximum
transferrable limit, the wheels
start to lock and the motorcycle
loses its directional stability; a fall
is imminent. Before this situation
can occur, ABS intervenes and
adapts braking pressure to the
maximum transferrable braking
force, so the wheels continue
to turn and directional stability
is maintained irrespective of the
condition of the road surface.
What are the effects of
surface irregularities?
Humps and surface irregularities can cause the wheels to
lose contact temporarily with the
road surface; if this happens the
braking force that can be transmitted to the road can drop to
zero. If the brakes are applied
under these circumstances the
ABS has to reduce braking force
to ensure that directional stability is maintained when the
wheels regain contact with the
road surface. At this instant the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
must assume an extremely low
coefficient of friction, so that the
wheels will continue to rotate under all imaginable circumstances,
because this is the precondition
for ensuring directional stability.
As soon as is registers the actual circumstances, the system
reacts instantly and adjusts brak-
What feedback does the
rider receive from the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
If the ABS system has to reduce
braking force on account of the
circumstances described above,
vibration is perceptible through
the handbrake lever.
When the handbrake lever is
pulled, brake pressure is also
built up at the rear wheel by
the integral function. If the
brake pedal is depressed after
the handbrake lever is pulled,
the brake pressure built up
beforehand is perceptible as
counter-pressure sooner than is
the case when the brake pedal is
depressed either before or at the
same time as the brake lever is
pulled.
Rear wheel lift
Under very severe and sudden
deceleration, however, under certain circumstances it is possible
that the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS will be unable to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting clear
of the ground. If this happens
the outcome can be a highsiding
situation in which the motorcycle
can flip over.
Severe braking can cause
the rear wheel to lift off the
ground.
When you brake, bear in mind
that ABS control cannot always
be relied on to prevent the rear
wheel from lifting clear of the
ground.
What is the design
baseline for
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
Within the limits imposed by
physics, the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS ensures directional
stability on any surface. The system is not optimised for special
requirements that apply under
extreme competitive situations
off-road or on the track.
Special situations
The speeds of the front and rear
wheels are compared as one
means of detecting a wheel's
incipient tendency to lock. If
the system registers implausible values for a lengthy period,
the ABS function is deactivated
for safety reasons and an ABS
fault message is issued. Self-diagnosis has to complete before
fault messages can be issued.
6
81
Engineering details
ing force accordingly to achieve
optimum braking.
z
6
Engineering details
82
z
In addition to problems with the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
exceptional riding conditions can
lead to a fault message being
issued.
Exceptional riding
conditions:
Heating up with the motorcycle
on the centre stand or an auxiliary stand, engine idling or with
a gear engaged.
Rear wheel locked by the engine brake for a lengthy period,
for example while descending
on a loose or slippery surface.
What significance
devolves on regular
maintenance?
momentum take over and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Invariably, a technical system cannot perform beyond
the abilities dictated by its level
of maintenance.
In order to ensure that the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
always maintained in optimum
condition, it is essential for you to
comply strictly with the specified
inspection intervals.
Electronic engine
management with
BMW Motorrad ASC
If a fault message is issued on
account of exceptional riding
conditions as outlined above, you
can reactivate the ABS function
by switching the ignition off and
on again.
The potentially shorter braking
distances which BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS permits must not be
used as an excuse for careless
riding. ABS is primarily a means
of ensuring a safety margin in
genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering! When
you apply the brakes on a corner,
the motorcycle's weight and
Reserves for safety
with Automatic Stability Control
(ASC) OE
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC system
compares the speed of rotation
of the front wheel and the rear
wheel. The differential is used to
compute slip as a measure of the
reserves of stability available at
the rear wheel. If slip exceeds a
certain limit, the engine control
intervenes and adapts the engine
torque accordingly.
BMW Motorrad ASC is designed
as an assistant system for the
rider and for use on public roads.
The extent to which the rider affects the ASC can be considerable (weight shifts when cornering, items of luggage loose on
the motorcycle), especially when
style of riding takes rider and machine close to the limits imposed
by physics.
The system is not optimised for
special requirements that apply
under extreme competitive situations off-road or on the track.
You have the option of deactivating the BMW Motorrad ASC
system for these circumstances.
Even ASC is constrained by
the laws of physics. Invariably, the rider bears responsibility for assessing road and traffic
conditions and adopting his or
her style of riding accordingly.
Do not take risks that would negate the additional safety offered
by this system.
Special situations
In accordance with the laws of
physics, the accelerating ability
is restricted more and more as
the heel angle increases. Consequently, there can be a perceptible lag in acceleration out of
very tight bends.
The speeds of the front and
rear wheels are compared as
one means of detecting the rear
wheel's incipient tendency to
spin or slip sideways. If the system registers implausible values
for a lengthy period, the ASC
function is deactivated for safety
reasons and an ASC fault message is issued. Self-diagnosis
has to complete before fault
messages can be issued.
The BMW Motorrad ASC can
switch off automatically under
the exceptional riding conditions
outlined below.
Exceptional riding
conditions:
Riding for a lengthy period with
the front wheel lifted off the
ground (wheelie) and ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel rotating with the
vehicle held stationary by applying the front brake (burnout).
Heating up with the motorcycle
on the centre stand or an auxiliary stand, engine idling or with
a gear engaged.
Accelerating the motorcycle to
a speed in excess of 5 km/h
after switching the ignition off
and then on again reactivates the
ASC.
6
83
Engineering details
What is the design
baseline for
BMW Motorrad ASC?
z
6
Engineering details
84
z
If the front wheel lifts clear of the
ground under severe acceleration, the ASC reduces engine
torque until the front wheel regains contact with the ground.
Under these circumstances,
BMW Motorrad recommends
rolling the throttle slightly closed
so as to restore stability with the
least possible delay.
When riding on a slippery surface, never snap the throttle
twistgrip fully closed without
pulling the clutch at the same
time. Engine braking torque can
cause the rear wheel to lock, with
a corresponding loss of stability.
The BMW Motorrad ASC is unable to control a situation of this
nature.
Tyre pressure
monitoring RDC
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
Function
A sensor integrated into each
tyre measures the air temperature and the air pressure inside
the tyre and transmits this information to the control unit.
Each sensor has a centrifugalforce tripswitch that does not
enable transmission of the
measured values until the
motorcycle has accelerated to
about 30 km/h. The display
shows -- for each tyre until
the tyre-pressure signal is
received for the first time. The
sensors continue to transmit
the measured-value signals for
approximately 15 minutes after
the motorcycle comes to a stop.
The control unit can administrate four sensors, so two different sets of wheels with RDC
sensors can be alternated on
the motorcycle. An error message is issued if wheels without
sensors are fitted to a motorcycle
equipped with an RDC control
unit.
Tyre-pressure ranges
The RDC control unit differentiates between three tyre-pressure
ranges, all of which are parameterised for the motorcycle:
Tyre pressure within permitted
tolerance.
Tyre pressure close to limit of
permitted tolerance.
Tyre pressure outside permitted tolerance.
Tyre pressure is a temperaturesensitive variable: pressure increases as tyre temperature rises
and decreases as tyre temperature drops. Tyre temperature
depends on ambient temperature, on the style of riding and
the duration of the ride.
The tyre-pressure readings
shown by the multifunction
display are temperaturecompensated; the reference tyre
temperature for these readings
is always 20 °C. The gauges on
service station air lines do not
compensate for temperature.
The tyre pressure recorded
depends on tyre temperature. In
most instances, therefore, these
gauge readings will not tally with
the pressures shown by the
multifunction display.
Pressure adaptation
Compare the RDC readings on
the multifunction display with
the value in the table on the inside cover of the Rider's Manual.
Then use the air line at a service
station to compensate for the difference between the RDC reading and the value in the table.
Example: According to the
Rider's Manual, tyre pressure
should be 2.5 bar, but the
reading in the multifunction
display is 2.3 bar. The gauge on
the air line shows 2.4 bar. You
must now increase tyre pressure
by the 0.2 bar difference
between the value in the table
and the RDC reading; when the
air-line gauge shows 2.6 bar,
the tyre is inflated to the correct
pressure.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA II
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA II) OE
6
85
Suspension adjustments
Depending on the load on the
motorcycle, the appropriate load
status must first be selected
when the motorcycle is stationary. The damping characteristics on both spring struts and the
spring mount and the spring rate
on the rear spring strut are adjusted on the basis of the riding mode that is then selected.
If the selected driving mode is
changed, the damping characteristics on both spring struts and
the spring rate on the rear spring
strut are also adjusted. This allows the suspension to be very
accurately adapted to all riding
conditions, even when the motorcycle is in motion.
Engineering details
Temperature
compensation
z
6
Engineering details
86
z
The combination of spring
mount, suspension and spring
rate ensure that the suspension
geometry is always perfectly
adjusted.
The static normal position is
almost maintained even while
riding.
The different riding conditions
and load statuses are compensated, so that the handling
of the motorcycle remains constant.
It is possible to change the
spring rate electronically by
combining a conventional coil
spring and a plastic element
(Elastogran), the lateral expansion
of which can be restricted
electro-hydraulically using
a displaceable sleeve. The
more the sleeve encloses the
plastic element, the more the
expansion of the plastic element
is restricted, causing the spring
rate to increase. The maximum
spring rate is achieved when the
sleeve completely encloses the
plastic element and rests on the
steel spring. By the same token,
the spring rate decreases when
the sleeve allows the plastic
element to expand further.
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Power sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
7
87
Topcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Accessories
Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
z
7
Accessories
88
z
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories
for your motorcycle that are approved by BMW for this purpose.
Genuine BMW parts and accessories and other products
which BMW has approved can
be obtained from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer, together
with expert advice on their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW
accepts product liability for them.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved.
Also bear in mind the information
on the effect of wheel size on
chassis and suspension control
systems ( 104).
BMW Motorrad cannot
examine or test each
product of outside origin to
ensure that it can be used on
or in connection with BMW
motorcycles without constituting
a safety hazard. Country-specific
official authorisation does not
suffice as assurance. Tests
conducted by these instances
cannot make provision for all
operating conditions experienced
by BMW motorcycles and,
consequently, they are not
sufficient in some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning
modifications, comply with all
the legal requirements. Make
sure that the vehicle does not
infringe the national road-vehicle
construction and use regulations
applicable in your country.
Power sockets
Notes on use of power sockets:
Automatic shutdown
Power sockets are shut down
automatically under the following
circumstances:
If battery charge state is too
low to maintain the motorcycle's start capability
If maximum load capability as
stated in the technical data is
exceeded
When the engine is being
cranked on the starter.
with (extra) on-board socket OE
If more than one socket is used,
total current must not exceed the
maximum load capability.
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electrical accessories only when the ignition
is switched on. The accessory
Cable routing
The cables from the power sockets to the auxiliary devices must
be routed in such a way that
they:
Do not impede the rider
Do not restrict the steering
angle or obstruct handling
Cannot be trapped.
Cases
Opening cases
Lever 2 pops up.
Pull the release lever all the
way up.
The lid of the case opens.
7
89
Closing cases
Accessories
remains operational if the ignition is subsequently switched off.
The power sockets are switched
off approximately 15 minutes
after the ignition is switched off,
in order to prevent overloading of
the on-board electrics.
Turn the key to the OPEN position in the case lock.
z
Pull release lever 2 all the way
up.
Close the lid of the case and
press it down. Check that
nothing is trapped between the
lid and the case.
Push lock barrel 1 down.
The cases can also be
locked by turning the lock
to the LOCK position. In this
7
case, ensure that the vehicle key
is not left in the cases.
Remove the cases
90
The case is released and can
be removed.
Installing cases
Accessories
Pull the case handle up as far
as it will go.
z
Push release lever 2 down until
it engages.
Turn the key in the case lock
to the LOCK position and remove the key from the lock.
Turn the key to the RELEASE
position in the case lock.
The handle pops out.
Seat the case in holders 4.
Pull handle 3 out and then pull
it up as far as it will go.
Opening topcase
Pull the release lever all the
way up.
The lid of the topcase opens.
7
91
Push case handle 3 down until
it engages.
Turn the key in the case lock
to the LOCK position and remove the key from the lock.
Accessories
Closing topcase
Turn the key to the OPEN position in the topcase lock.
z
Pull release lever 2 all the way
up.
Close the lid of the topcase
and hold it down. Check that
nothing is trapped between the
lid and the case.
Topcase
with topcase OA
Push lock barrel 1 forward.
Lever 2 pops up.
The topcase can also be
locked by turning the lock
to the LOCK position. In this
case, ensure that the vehicle key
is not left in the topcase.
Removing topcase
7
92
Lift the topcase at the rear and
remove it from the luggage
carrier.
Installing topcase
Accessories
Pull the handle up as far as it
will go.
z
Push release lever 2 down until
it engages.
Turn the key in the topcase
lock to the LOCK position and
remove the key from the lock.
Turn the key to the RELEASE
position in the topcase lock.
The handle pops out.
Hook the topcase into position
on the luggage carrier. Make
sure that hooks 4 are securely
seated in the corresponding
keepers 5.
Pull handle 3 up as far as it will
go.
7
Push handle 3 down until it
engages.
Turn the key in the topcase
lock to the LOCK position and
remove the key from the lock.
Accessories
93
z
Accessories
7
94
z
Maintenance
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
8
95
Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Rims and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Body panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Maintenance
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
z
8
Maintenance
96
z
General instructions
Toolkit
The "Maintenance" chapter describes straightforward procedures for checking and replacing
certain wear parts.
Special tightening torques are listed as applicable. The tightening
torques for the threaded fasteners on your vehicle are listed in
the section entitled "Technical
data".
You will find information on more
extensive maintenance and repair
work in the Repair Manual on
DVD for your vehicle, which is
available from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
Standard toolkit
Some of the work calls for special tools and a thorough knowledge of the technology involved.
If you are in doubt, consult a
specialist workshop, preferably
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
3
4
1
2
Extension for screwdriver
blade
Adjusting the damping
characteristic for rear
wheel ( 57).
Screwdriver handle
5
6
Reversible-blade screwdriver with star-head and
plain tips
Adjusting the damping
characteristic for rear
wheel ( 57).
Replacing brake-light,
rear-light and rear-indicator bulbs ( 115).
Removing battery
( 122).
Tool for oil cap
Top up the engine oil
( 98).
Torx bit, T25
Torx wrench, T30
Remove the flashing
turn indicator with fairing panel ( 118).
Service toolkit
with supplementary toolkit OA
the engine cold or after no more
than a short ride will lead to misinterpretation of oil level.
In order to ensure that the engine oil level is read correctly,
check the oil level only after at
engine operating temperature.
97
Check the oil level in oil-level
indicator 1.
z
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
The oil level varies with
the temperature of the
oil. The higher the temperature,
the higher the level of oil in the
sump. Checking the oil level with
Maintenance
BMW Motorrad has assembled
a tools service set that is ideal
for carrying out extended service
work (e.g. removing and installing
wheels) on this motorcycle. You
can obtain the tools set from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Switch off the engine when it is
at operating temperature.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Wait five minutes for the oil to
drain into the oil pan.
8
Engine oil, specified level
Between MIN and MAX
marks
8
Maintenance
98
z
Use the tool from the toolkit to
install the cap in the engine-oil
filler neck.
Engine oil, capacity
Products recommended by
BMW Motorrad
max 4.0 l (with filter change)
If the oil level is below the MIN
mark:
Top up the engine oil ( 98).
If the oil level is above the MAX
mark:
Have the oil level corrected
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
Top up the engine oil
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Brake system
Checking function of
brakes
Wipe the area around the filler
neck clean.
Use the tool from the toolkit to
remove cap 1 from the engineoil filler neck.
Damage to the engine
can result if it is operated
without enough oil, but the same
also applies if the oil level is too
high.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Top up the engine oil to the
specified level.
Checking engine oil level
( 97).
Pull the front brake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
Press the footbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
If pressure points are not clearly
perceptible:
Have the brakes checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Checking front brake pad
thickness
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Brake-pad wear limit,
front
1.0 mm (Friction pad only,
without backing plate. The
wear indicators (grooves)
must be clearly visible.)
If the wear indicating marks are
no longer clearly visible:
Brake pads worn past the
minimum permissible thickness can cause a reduction in
braking efficiency and under
certain circumstances they can
8
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
Maintenance
Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads to ascertain
their thickness. Viewing direction: Between wheel and front
suspension toward the brake
calipers.
cause damage to the brake system.
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do not
permit the brake pads to wear
past the minimum permissible
thickness.
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
99
z
In order to ensure the dependability of the brake system, do not
permit the brake pads to wear
past the minimum permissible
thickness.
8
Maintenance
100
z
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
Visually inspect the brake pads
to ascertain their thickness.
Viewing direction: From the left
toward brake caliper 1.
Brake-pad wear limit,
rear
1.0 mm (Friction pad only,
without backing plate. Make
sure that the brake disc is
not visible through the bore
in the inboard brake block.)
If the brake disc is visible:
Brake pads worn past the
minimum permissible thickness can cause a reduction in
braking efficiency and under
certain circumstances they can
cause damage to the brake system.
Brake-pad wear
The rear brake has a brake-pad
wear indicator.
Shaft 1 with three marker rings 2
is between the brake pads.
How to interpret the marks:
Three rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 75 %
Two rings visible: Brake-pad
thickness is at least 50 %
One ring visible: Brake-pad
thickness is at least 25 %
No rings visible: Brake pads
worn to wear limit; check as
described above
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check the brake-fluid level at
regular intervals.
Wear of the brake pads
causes the brake fluid level
in the reservoir to sink. The drop
in fluid level is compensated
by a clearly visible black rubber
diaphragm.
8
101
Maintenance
Checking brake-fluid
level, front brakes
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
z
Brake fluid level, front
Brake fluid, DOT4
Check the brake fluid level in
front reservoir 1.
Do not permit the brake fluid
level to drop below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir
horizontal)
8
Maintenance
102
z
If the brake fluid level drops below the permitted level:
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
If the bottom edge of the black
diaphragm in the brake-fluid
reservoir is below the MAX mark:
Checking front brake pad thickness ( 98).
Checking the brake-fluid
level, rear brakes
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check the brake-fluid level at
regular intervals.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Remove the front seat (
62).
Brake fluid level, rear
Check the brake fluid level in
rear reservoir 1.
Wear of the brake pads
causes the brake fluid level
in the reservoir to sink.
Brake fluid, DOT4
Do not permit the brake fluid
level to drop below the MIN
mark. (Brake-fluid reservoir
horizontal, motorcycle upright)
If the brake fluid level drops below the permitted level:
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
63).
Do not attempt to top up the
system with fluids of any kind.
Clutch
Have the defect rectified as
quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Checking clutch function
Pull the clutch lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
If the pressure point is not clearly
perceptible:
Have the clutch checked by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Checking clutch fluid level
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Move the handlebars to the
straight-ahead position.
Rims and tyres
Check the clutch fluid level in
reservoir 1.
Wear of the clutch causes
the fluid level in the clutch
fluid reservoir to rise.
Clutch-fluid level (visual
inspection)
It is impermissible for the
clutch fluid level to drop.
If the clutch-fluid level drops:
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
Checking rims
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Visually inspect the rims for
defects.
Have any damaged rims inspected by a specialist workshop and replaced if necessary, preferably by an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Checking tyre tread depth
Your motorcycle's handling
and grip can be impaired
even before the tyres wear to
8
103
Maintenance
Install the front seat (
z
8
Maintenance
104
z
the minimum tyre tread depth
permitted by law.
Have the tyres changed in good
time before they wear to the
minimum permissible tread
depth.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Measure the tyre tread depth
in the main tread grooves with
wear marks.
Wear indicators are built
into the main profile
grooves on each tyre. The tyre
is worn out when the tyre tread
has worn down to the level of
the marks. The locations of the
marks are indicated on the edge
of the tyre, e.g. by the letters TI,
TWI or by an arrow.
If the tyre tread is worn to minimum:
Replace tyre or tyres, as applicable.
Wheels
Tyre recommendation
For each size of tyre,
BMW Motorrad tests and
classifies as roadworthy certain
makes. BMW Motorrad cannot
assess the suitability or provide
any guarantee of road safety for
other tyres.
BMW Motorrad recommends
using only tyres tested by
BMW Motorrad.
You can obtain detailed
information from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer or on
the Internet at www.bmwmotorrad.com.
Effect of wheel size on
chassis and suspension
control systems
Wheel size is very important
as a parameter for the chassis
and suspension control systems ABS and ASC. In particu-
lar, the diameter and the width
of a vehicle's wheels are programmed into the control unit
and are fundamental to all calculations. Any change in these
influencing variables, caused for
example by a switch to wheels
other than those installed exworks, can have serious effects
on the performance of the control systems.
The sensor rings are essential
for correct road-speed calculation, and they too must match
the motorcycle's control systems and consequently cannot
be changed.
If you decide that you would like
to fit non-standard wheels to
your motorcycle, it is very important to consult a specialist
workshop beforehand, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer. In some cases, the data
programmed into the control
RDC label
with tyre pressure monitoring
(RDC) OE
position of the RDC sensor.
When changing the tyre, take
care not to damage the RDC
sensor. Be sure to draw the
attention of the authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer or
specialist workshop to the fact
that the wheel is fitted with an
RDC sensor.
Work the front-wheel cover
forward to remove, pulling the
two sides slightly apart.
Remove the front wheel
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Incorrect tyre fitting can
damage the RDC sensors.
Be sure to explain to the authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
or the specialist workshop that
the wheel is fitted with an RDC
sensor.
If the motorcycle is equipped
with RDC, each wheel rim bears
an adhesive label indicating the
Remove screws 1 on left and
right.
Unclip two clips 1 holding the
sensor cable to the brake line.
Mask off the parts of the wheel
rim that could be scratched in
the process of removing the
brake callipers.
8
105
Maintenance
units can be changed to suit the
new wheel sizes.
z
8
Maintenance
106
z
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disc on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
Remove screws 2 of the brake
calipers on left and right.
Force the brake pads 3 slightly
apart by rocking brake caliper 4
back and forth against brake
disc 5.
Carefully pull the brake callipers
back and out until clear of the
brake discs.
Raise front of motorcycle until
the front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorrad front-wheel
stand for lifting the motorcycle.
Installing the front-wheel stand
( 111).
Release axle clamping screw 1.
Remove quick-release axle 2,
while supporting the wheel.
Do not remove the grease from
the quick-release axle.
Roll the front wheel forward
and clear of the forks, noting
the ABS sensor on the lefthand side.
Remove the spacing bushing from the left-hand side of
the front-wheel hub.
Possible malfunctions when
ABS and ASC intervene, if
any other wheel but the series
standard wheel is installed.
See the information on the effect
of wheel size on chassis and suspension control units ABS and
ASC at the start of this chapter.
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Slip the spacing bushing into
the left-hand side of the wheel
hub.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round to
rotate in the correct direction.
Note the direction-of-rotation ar-
rows on the tyre or the wheel
rim.
Roll the front wheel into position between the forks, noting
the ABS sensor on the lefthand side.
Quick-release axle clamp
screws
19 Nm
Remove the front-wheel stand.
Ease the brake calipers on to
the brake discs.
8
107
Maintenance
Installing front wheel
z
Raise the front wheel, insert
quick-release axle 2 and
tighten to specified torque.
Quick-release axle in axle
holder
50 Nm
Tighten axle clamping screw 1
to the specified torque.
Tighten screws 2 on left and
right to the specified tightening
torque.
Brake caliper to slider
tube
30 Nm
Remove the adhesive tape
from the wheel rim.
8
Maintenance
108
Clip in two clips 1 holding the
sensor cable to the brake line.
z
Braking efficiency is impaired if the brake pads are
not correctly bedded against the
discs.
Before riding off, always check
that the brakes bite as soon as
the brake lever is pulled or the
brake pedal depressed.
Operate the brake several
times until the brake pads are
bedded.
Hold the front-wheel cover in
position and install bolts 1 on
left and right.
Removing rear wheel
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
If applicable, remove the cases.
Make sure that the sensor
cable is seated in holders 3
and 4.
8
Risk of burning due to hot
exhaust system.
Do not touch any hot parts of the
exhaust system.
Slacken screw 1 of the clamp
and slip the clamp to the rear.
Do not remove the sealing
grease from the clamp.
Remove screw 2 for the
bracket of the end silencer
from the rear footrest.
Work the end silencer to the
rear to remove and lay it on a
padded rest.
Engage first gear.
Remove studs 3 from the rear
wheel, while supporting the
wheel.
Lower the rear wheel to the
ground and roll it out to the
rear.
Install the rear wheel
Possible malfunctions when
ABS and ASC intervene, if
any other wheel but the series
standard wheel is installed.
See the information on the effect
of wheel size on chassis and suspension control units ABS and
ASC at the start of this chapter.
Maintenance
109
z
8
Maintenance
110
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the security of the
fasteners checked by a specialist
workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
Seat the rear wheel on the
rear-wheel adapter.
Rear wheel to wheel carrier
Tightening sequence:
tighten in diagonally
opposite sequence
60 Nm
Push the end silencer onto the
pipe at the exhaust-flow control
valve and turn it to its initial
position.
too small, the rear wheel can
overheat.
The gap between the rear wheel
and the silencer must be at least
20 mm.
Align the silencer, install
screw 2 and tighten to the
specified torque.
Silencer to rear frame
19 Nm
z
Install screws 3 and tighten to
the specified tightening torque.
If the gap between the rear
wheel and the silencer is
Slip the clamp forward as far as
it will go and turn it so that R/
Tighten screw 1 to the specified tightening torque.
Clamp to silencer and
manifold
28 Nm
If applicable, install the cases.
Front-wheel stand
8
Installing the front-wheel
stand
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
to support motorcycles not fitted
with a centre stand or without
other auxiliary stands. A motorcycle resting only on the front
wheel stand and the rear wheel
can topple.
Place the motorcycle on its
centre stand or another auxiliary
stand before lifting the front
wheel with the BMW Motorrad
front-wheel stand.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its centre stand.
Use basic stand with tool number (83 30 0 402 241) in combination with front-wheel adapter (83 30 0 402 242).
111
Loosen the fastening screws 1.
Push the two adapters 2 apart
until the front forks fit between
them.
Use locating pins 3 to set the
front-wheel stand to the desired height.
Centre the front-wheel stand
relative to the front wheel and
push it against the front axle.
Maintenance
RT mark 4 on the clamp is in
line with mark 5.
z
Bulbs
8
Replacing low-beam and
high-beam headlight bulb
Maintenance
112
z
The positions of the plug,
the spring wire retainer and
the bulb might not be as illustrated below.
Align the two adapters 2 so
that the front forks are securely
seated.
Tighten securing screws 1.
If the motorcycle is on the
centre stand and is raised
too far, the centre stand will lift
clear of the ground and the motorcycle could topple to one side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the centre stand
remains on the ground.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Switch off the ignition.
Apply uniform pressure to push
the front-wheel stand down
and raise the motorcycle.
Remove cover 1 for the highbeam headlight or covers 2 for
the low-beam headlight.
Replace the defective bulb.
8
Bulbs for the low-beam
headlight
113
Bulb for high-beam
headlight
Disconnect plug 3.
Release spring clip 4 at left
and right and swing it up.
Remove bulb 5.
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Hold the new bulb by the base
only, in order to keep the glass
free of foreign matter.
Engage spring clip 4 in the
catch on left and right.
z
Close plug 3.
Install bulb 5, making sure that
tab 6 is correctly positioned.
Maintenance
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
8
Maintenance
114
z
Install cover 1 for the highbeam headlight or covers 2
for the low-beam headlights.
Remove the side-light bulb
through opening 1.
Remove bulb 3 from the bulb
holder.
Replace the defective bulb.
Replacing parking-light
bulb
Bulb for parking light
Remove the flashing turn indicator with fairing panel ( 118).
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the new bulb in order to keep
the glass free of foreign matter.
Remove the bulb holder from
the headlight housing by turning lever 2 counter-clockwise.
Installing flashing turn indicator
with fairing panel ( 119).
8
Replacing brake-light,
rear-light and rearindicator bulbs
Remove screws 1 on left and
right and work the bulb housing to the rear to remove.
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Switch off the ignition.
If applicable, remove the cases.
Insert the bulb holder into the
headlight housing and turn
lever 2 clockwise to latch it in
position.
Maintenance
Fit the bulb 3 in the bulb
holder.
A motorcycle that has not
been stood up correctly
may topple over when the following work is being carried out.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
standing up safely.
115
z
Turn bulb holders 2 for the
indicator bulbs or bulb holders 3 for the brake-light/rearlight bulbs counter-clockwise
8
to remove them from the bulb
housing.
Maintenance
116
z
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the new bulb in order to keep
the glass free of foreign matter.
Engage the bulb housing at
position 5.
Press bulb 4 into its socket
and turn it counter-clockwise to
remove.
Replace the defective bulb.
Bulb for tail light/brake
light
Press bulb 4 into its socket
and turn it clockwise to install.
Insert the bulb holder removed
beforehand into the bulb housing and turn the bulb holder
clockwise to latch it in position.
P21W / 12 V / 21 W
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
PY21W / 12 V / 21 W
Install screws 1 on left and
right.
Replacing front turn
indicator bulb
8
Remove the flashing turn indicator with fairing panel ( 118).
Press bulb 2 into its socket
and turn it counter-clockwise to
remove.
Turn bulb holder 1 counterclockwise to remove it from the
bulb housing.
Press bulb 2 into its socket
and turn it clockwise to install.
Maintenance
117
z
Replace the defective bulb.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
PY21W / 12 V / 21 W
Use a clean, dry cloth to hold
the new bulb in order to keep
the glass free of foreign matter.
Insert bulb holder 1 into the
bulb housing and turn the bulb
holder clockwise to latch it in
position.
8
Maintenance
118
Installing flashing turn indicator
with fairing panel ( 119).
Body panels
Removing flashing turn
indicator with fairing
panel
Guide tool from toolkit parallel
to edge 1 of the speaker grille
and through aperture 2.
Work the flashing turn indicator
and the fairing panel forward to
remove.
Remove screw 3 inside the
aperture, while holding the firing panel in position.
Disconnect plug 4.
Lay the fairing panel on a padded rest.
z
Press the mirror down and out.
Work the flashing turn indicator
with fairing panel into place at
positions 5 and 6.
Connect plug 4.
Install screw 3 while holding
the fairing panel in position.
Adjust the mirror.
The wires leading to the
power socket do not have
a load-capacity rating adequate
for jump-starting the engine. Excessively high current can lead
to a cable fire or damage to the
vehicle electronics.
Do not use the on-board socket
to jump-start the engine of the
motorcycle.
A short-circuit can result if the crocodile clips
of the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
Jump-starting with a donorbattery voltage higher than
12 V can damage the vehicle
electronics.
Make sure that the battery of the
8
119
Maintenance
Jump-starting
Installing flashing turn
indicator with fairing
panel
z
donor vehicle has a voltage rating
of 12 V.
120
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Remove the front seat ( 62).
When jump-starting the engine,
do not disconnect the battery
from the on-board electrical
system.
Remove the protective cap
from the battery's positive terminal.
Begin by connecting one end
of the red jump lead to the
positive terminal of the discharged battery and the other
end to the positive terminal of
the donor battery.
Then connect one end of the
black jump lead to the negative
terminal of the donor battery,
and the other end to the negative terminal of the discharged
battery.
Maintenance
8
z
Run the engine of the donor
vehicle during jump-starting.
Start the engine of the vehicle
with the discharged battery
in the usual way; if the engine does not start, wait a few
minutes before repeating the
attempt in order to protect the
starter motor and the donor
battery.
Allow both engines to idle for a
few minutes before disconnecting the jump leads.
Disconnect the jump lead from
the negative terminals first,
then disconnect the second
lead from the positive terminals.
Reinstall the protective cap on
the battery positive terminal.
Do not use proprietary
start-assist sprays or other
products to start the engine.
Install the front seat (
63).
Battery
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and are essential if
warranty claims are to be considered.
Compliance with the points below is important in order to maximise battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery
clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for charging the battery on the following pages
Do not turn the battery upside
down.
If the battery is not disconnected, the on-board electronics (e.g. clock, etc.) gradually
drain the battery. This can cause
the battery to run flat. If this hap-
BMW Motorrad has developed a float charger specially designed for compatibility
with the electronics of your motorcycle. Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods of disuse,
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
on-board systems. You can obtain additional information from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Charge the battery when
connected
Charging the connected
battery directly at the bat-
tery terminals can damage the
vehicle electronics.
Always disconnect the battery
from the on-board circuits before recharging it with a charger
connected directly to the battery
posts.
If you switch on the ignition and the multifunction
display and indicator lights fail
to light up, the battery is completely flat (battery voltage is less
than 9 V). Attempting to charge
a completely flat battery via the
extra socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle's electronics.
If a battery has discharged to the
extent that it is completely flat, it
has to be disconnected from the
on-board circuits and charged
with the charger connected directly to the battery posts.
Only chargers suitable for
this mode of charging can
be used to recharge the battery
via the on-board socket. Unsuitable chargers could cause damage to the motorcycle's on-board
electrics.
Use suitable BMW chargers. The
suitable charger is available from
your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer.
Charge via the power socket,
with the battery connected
to the motorcycle's on-board
electrical system.
The motorcycle's on-board
electronics know when the
battery is fully charged. The
on-board socket is switched off
when this happens.
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
If you are unable to charge
the battery through the onboard socket, you may be using
a charger that is not compatible
with your motorcycle's electronics. If this happens, disconnect
8
121
Maintenance
pens, warranty claims will not be
accepted.
Connect a float charger to the
battery if the motorcycle is to
remain out of use for more than
four weeks.
z
8
Maintenance
122
z
the battery from the on-board
systems and connect the charger
directly to the battery.
with anti-theft alarm (DWA) OE
If applicable, switch off the antitheft alarm.
Charging battery when
disconnected
Switch off the ignition.
Remove the front seat (
62).
Charge the battery using a
suitable charger.
Comply with the operating instructions of the charger.
Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
The battery has to be recharged at regular intervals
in the course of a lengthy period
of disuse. See the instructions
for caring for your battery. Always fully recharge the battery
before restoring it to use.
Removing battery
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motorcycle on its stand.
Then pull back protective
cap 3 and disconnect battery
positive lead 4.
Remove screw 2, disengage
the retaining strap at the bottom and remove.
Lift the battery up and out;
work it slightly back and forth
if it is difficult to remove.
Installing battery
Place the battery in the battery
compartment, positive terminal
on the right in the forward direction of travel.
Disconnection in the wrong
sequence increases the risk
of short-circuits.
Always proceed in the correct
sequence.
Disconnect negative battery
lead 1 first.
Installation in the wrong
sequence increases the risk
of short-circuits.
Always proceed in the correct
sequence.
Never install the battery without
the protective cap.
Connect battery positive lead 4
first.
Fit protective cap 3 to the positive terminal of the battery.
The connect battery negative
lead 1.
Install the front seat (
Setting clock (
43).
63).
8
123
Maintenance
Engage the retainer at the bottom, push it over the battery
and install screw 2.
If the battery was disconnected from the motorcycle
for a prolonged period of time
it will be necessary to enter the
current date in the instrument
panel, in order to ensure that the
service-due indicator functions
correctly.
If you want to have the date
set consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
z
Maintenance
8
124
z
Care
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Washing the motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . 126
9
125
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Laying up the motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . 128
Restoring motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 128
Care
Cleaning easily damaged components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
z
9
Care
126
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use the cleaning
and care products you can
obtain from your authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
The substances in BMW
CareProducts have been tested
in laboratories and in practice;
they provide optimised care and
protection for the materials used
in your vehicle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage vehicle components.
Do not use solvents such as cellulose thinners, cold cleaners,
fuel or the like, and do not use
cleaning products that contain
alcohol.
Washing the
motorcycle
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW insect remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt on
painted parts prior to washing
the motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately after
it has been exposed to strong
sunlight and do not wash it in the
sun.
Make sure that the vehicle is
washed frequently, especially
during the winter months.
To remove road salt, clean the
motorcycle with cold water immediately after every trip.
After the motorcycle has
been washed, ridden
through water or ridden in
the rain, the brake discs and
pads might be wet and the
brakes might not take effect
immediately.
Apply the brakes in good time
until the brake discs and brake
pads have dried out.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Use only cold water to wash off
road salt.
The high pressure of highpressure cleaners (steam
cleaners) can damage seals, the
hydraulic brake system, the electrical system, and the seat.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning easily
damaged components
Plastics
If plastic parts are cleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
agents, the surfaces can be damaged.
Body panels
Clean the trim panels with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion.
Windscreens and lenses
made of plastic
Clean off dirt and insects with a
soft sponge and plenty of water.
Soften stubborn dirt and
insects by covering the affected areas with a wet cloth.
Chrome
Use plenty of water and BMW
shampoo to clean chrome, particularly if it has been exposed to
road salt. Use chrome polish for
additional treatment.
Radiator
Paint care
Clean the radiator regularly to
prevent overheating of the engine due to inadequate cooling.
For example, use a garden hose
with low water pressure.
Washing the vehicle regularly
will help counteract the longterm effects of substances that
damage the paint, especially if
your vehicle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, for example tree
resin or pollen.
Remove particularly aggressive
substances immediately, however, as otherwise the paint can
be affected or become discoloured. Substances of this nature
include spilt fuel, oil, grease,
brake fluid and bird droppings.
We recommend BMW vehicle
polish or BMW paint cleaner for
this purpose.
Marks on the paintwork are particularly easy to see after the
motorcycle has been washed.
Remove stains of this kind immediately, using cleaning-grade
benzene or petroleum spirit on a
clean cloth or ball of cotton wool.
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
Take care not to bend the fins
when cleaning the radiator.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber-care
products.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use silicone sprays or
care products that contain
silicon.
9
127
Care
Do not use cleaning agents that
contain alcohol, solvents or abrasives to clean plastic parts.
Even insect-remover pads or
cleaning pads with hard surfaces
can produce scratches.
z
9
128
BMW Motorrad recommends
BMW tar remover for removing
specks of tar. Remember to wax
the parts treated in this way.
Care
Protective wax coating
z
BMW Motorrad recommends
applying only BMW car wax or
products containing carnauba
wax or synthetic wax.
It is time to rewax the paintwork when water "puddles" on
the surface, instead of forming
beads.
Laying up the
motorcycle
Clean the motorcycle.
Removing battery ( 122).
Spray the brake and clutch
lever pivots and the main and
side stand pivots with a suitable lubricant.
Coat bright metal and chromeplated parts with an acid-free
grease (e.g. Vaseline).
Stand the motorcycle in a dry
room in such a way that there
is no load on either wheel. Authorised BMW Motorrad dealers can provide suitable auxiliary stands.
Restoring motorcycle
to use
Remove the protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: work through
the checklist.
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
10
129
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
z
10
Technical data
130
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start or is difficult to start.
Possible cause
Rectification
Kill switch activated
Kill switch in operating position
Side stand extended and gear engaged
Retract the side stand.
Gear engaged and clutch not disengaged
Select neutral or pull the clutch lever.
No fuel in tank
Refuelling (
Battery flat
Charge the battery when connected (
75).
121).
Threaded fasteners
Front wheel
Value
Valid
131
Brake caliper to slider tube
M8 - 10.9
10
30 Nm
M8 x 35
19 Nm
Quick-release axle in axle holder
M24 x 1.5
50 Nm
Rear wheel
Value
Clamp to silencer and manifold
M8 x 40 - 10.9
28 Nm
Silencer to rear frame
M8 x 35
19 Nm
Rear wheel to wheel carrier
M10 x 1.25 x 40
tighten in diagonally opposite sequence
60 Nm
Valid
Technical data
Quick-release axle clamp screws
z
10
Technical data
132
z
Shift lever
Value
Selector lever to selector shaft
M6 x 25
8 Nm
Valid
Engine design
Four-stroke opposed twin, air-cooled with oilcooled exhaust ports, installed longitudinally, two
overhead camshafts and four radially positioned
valves per cylinder, electronic engine management.
Displacement
1170 cm3
Cylinder bore
101 mm
Piston stroke
73 mm
Compression ratio
12.0 : 1
Nominal output
81 kW, - at engine speed: 7750 min-1
with power reduction OE
79 kW, - at engine speed: 7750 min-1
with power reduction OE
72 kW, - at engine speed: 7750 min-1
Torque
120 Nm, - at engine speed: 6000 min-1
Maximum engine speed
max 8500 min-1
Idle speed
1150±50 min-1, Engine at regular operating temperature
10
133
Technical data
Engine
z
10
Technical data
134
z
Fuel
Recommended fuel grade
Premium plus unleaded, (max. 10 % ethanol,
E10)
98 ROZ/RON
91 AKI
Alternative fuel grade
Premium unleaded (slight power- and
consumption-related restrictions), (max. 10 %
ethanol, E10)
95 ROZ/RON
89 AKI
Usable fuel capacity
approx. 25 l
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
BMW recommends BP fuels
Engine oil, capacity
max 4.0 l, with filter change
Products recommended by BMW Motorrad
BMW Motorrad High Performance oil
SAE 15W-50, API SJ / JASO MA2
Engine oil, quantity for topping up
max 0.5 l, Difference between MIN and MAX
BMW recommends
Clutch
Clutch type
Single-plate dry clutch
10
135
Technical data
Engine oil
z
10
Technical data
136
z
Transmission
Gearbox type
Helical 6-speed gearbox with integral reaction
damper, claw-action shift by sliding sleeves
Gearbox transmission ratios
1.737
2.375
1.696
1.296
1.065
0.939
0.848
(19:33
(38:16
(39:23
(35:27
(33:31
(31:33
(28:33
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
Primary transmission ratio
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
5th gear
6th gear
Rear-wheel drive
Type of final drive
Shaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspension
Cast-aluminium single swinging arm with BMW
Motorrad Paralever
Gear ratio of final drive
2.620 (34:13 teeth)
Running gear
10
Type of front suspension
BMW Telelever, with anti-dive top fork bridge,
leading link pivot-mounted on engine and telescopic forks, central spring strut supported by
leading link and front frame
Design of front wheel suspension
Central spring strut with coil spring
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA
II) OE
Spring travel, front
with lowered suspension OE
Central spring strut with electrically adjustable
rebound-stage damping.
120 mm, At wheel
94 mm, At wheel
137
Technical data
Front wheel
z
10
Technical data
138
z
Rear wheel
Type of rear suspension
Cast-aluminium single swinging arm with BMW
Motorrad Paralever
Type of rear suspension
central suspension strut pivoted to lever system, with coil spring and single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber. Spring preload and reboundstage damping steplessly adjustable
with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA
II) OE
Spring travel at rear wheel
with lowered
suspension OE
central suspension strut pivoted to lever system,
with coil and elastomeric springs and single-tube
gas-filled shock absorber. Electrically adjustable
damping and spring preload/spring rate
135 mm, At wheel
109 mm, At wheel
Type of front brake
Hydraulically operated twin disc brake with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake discs
Brake-pad material, front
Sintered metal
Type of rear brake
Hydraulically operated disc brake with 2-piston
floating caliper and fixed disc
Brake-pad material, rear
Sintered metal
Wheels and tyres
Recommended tyre sets
You can obtain an up-to-date list of approved
tyres from your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
or on the Internet at "www.bmw-motorrad.com"
Front wheel
Front wheel type
Cast aluminium, MT H2
Front wheel rim size
3.50" x 17"
Tyre designation, front
120 / 70 ZR 17
Rear wheel
Rear wheel type
Cast aluminium, MT H2
Rear wheel rim size
5.50" x 17"
Tyre designation, rear
180 / 55 ZR 17
10
139
Technical data
Brakes
z
10
Technical data
140
z
Tyre pressures
Tyre pressure, front
2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear
2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Electrics
Electrical rating of on-board sockets
max 10 A, all sockets
electronic fuse
Electronic fuses protect all the circuits. If an electronic fuse trips and de-energises a circuit, the
circuit is active as soon as the ignition is switched
on after the fault has been rectified.
Battery
battery type
Gel battery
battery rated voltage
12 V
battery rated capacity
19 Ah
Spark plugs
Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
NGK MAR8B-JDS
Electrode gap of spark plug
0.8±0.1 mm
Bulb for high-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulbs for the low-beam headlight
H7 / 12 V / 55 W
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb for tail light/brake light
P21W / 12 V / 21 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front
PY21W / 12 V / 21 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear
PY21W / 12 V / 21 W
Frame
Frame type
Tubular steel front frame and rear frame, with
load-bearing drive unit
type plate location
underneath rear seat
Position of the Vehicle Identification Number
Front frame top centre
10
141
Technical data
Lighting
z
10
142
Dimensions
Length of motorcycle
2230 mm
Height of motorcycle
1430 mm, To top of windscreen when lowered, at
DIN unladen weight
Technical data
with lowered suspension OE
z
1410 mm, To top of windscreen when lowered, at
DIN unladen weight
Width of motorcycle
905 mm, with mirrors
Front-seat height
820...840 mm, At unladen weight
with low front seat OE
780...800 mm, At unladen weight
with lowered suspension OE
750 mm, At unladen weight
rider's inside-leg arc, heel to heel
1880...1920 mm
with low front seat OE
1800...1840 mm
with lowered suspension OE
1750 mm
Unladen weight
263 kg, DIN unladen weight, ready for road 90 %
load of fuel, without OE
Permissible gross weight
495 kg
Maximum payload
232 kg
Riding specifications
Top speed
>200 km/h
10
143
Technical data
Weights
z
Technical data
10
144
z
Service
BMW Motorrad Service . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
BMW Motorrad Mobility
services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
11
145
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Service
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
z
11
Service
146
z
BMW Motorrad Service
BMW Motorrad has an extensive
network of dealerships in place
to look after you and your motorcycle in more than 100 countries. Authorised BMW Motorrad
dealerships have the technical
information and the technical
know-how to reliably carry out
all maintenance and repair work
on your BMW.
Visit our website www.bmwmotorrad.com to find out
where the nearest authorised
BMW Motorrad dealership is
located.
If maintenance and repair work is performed inexpertly, it could result in consequential damage and thus constitute a safety risk.
BMW Motorrad recommends
you to have all the associated
work on your motorcycle carried out by a specialist work-
shop, preferably an authorised
BMW Motorrad dealer.
BMW Motorrad Mobility
services
In order to help ensure that your
BMW is always in optimum
condition, BMW Motorrad
recommends compliance with
the maintenance intervals
specified for your motorcycle.
Have all maintenance and repair work that is carried out confirmed in the "Service" chapter in
this manual. For generous treatment of claims submitted after
the warranty period has expired,
evidence of regular maintenance
is essential.
As owner of a new BMW
motorcycle, in circumstances
in which assistance is required
you can benefit from the
protection afforded by the various
BMW Motorrad mobility services
(e.g. Mobile Service, breakdown
service, vehicle recovery service).
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer will be happy to provide
information about the mobility
services available to you.
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer can provide information on
BMW services and the work undertaken as part of each service.
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-delivery Check
Your authorised BMW Motorrad
dealer conducts the BMW predelivery check before handing
over the vehicle to you.
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the motorcycle has covered between
500 km and 1200 km.
BMW Service
The BMW Service is carried out
once a year; the extent of servicing can vary, depending on
the age of the vehicle and the
distance it has covered. Your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer
confirms that the service work
has been carried out and enters
the date when the next service
will be due.
Riders who cover long distances
in a year might have to bring in
their vehicles for service before
the next scheduled date. It is
to allow for these cases that a
maximum odometer reading is
entered as well in the confirmation of service. Servicing has to
be brought forward if this odo-
meter reading is reached before
the next scheduled date for the
service.
The service-due indicator in the
multifunction display reminds you
about one month or 1000 km
in advance when the time for a
service is approaching, on the
basis of the programmed values.
11
147
Service
BMW Running-in Check
z
11
BMW Pre-delivery
Check
BMW Running-in
Check
Completed
Completed
on
on
Service
148
Confirmation of maintenance work
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
z
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
11
149
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
150
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
11
151
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
152
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Completed
Completed
Completed
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
on
or, if logged beforehand,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Stamp, signature
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as a record of maintenance and repair work, the installation of optional accessories
and, if appropriate, special campaign (recall) work.
Odometer
reading
153
Date
Service
Item
11
z
11
Service
154
z
Item
Odometer
reading
Date
Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
12
155
Appendix
Appendix
z
Certification Tire Pressure Control (TPC)
FCC ID: MRXBC54MA4
IC: 2546A-BC54MA4
FCC ID: MRXBC5A4
IC: 2546A-BC5A4
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules and with Industry Canada license-exempt
RSS standard(s).
Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR
d'Industrie Canada applicables aux appareils
radio exempts de licence. L'exploitation est
autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes:
(1) l'appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage,
et
(2) l'utilisateur de l'appareil doit accepter tout
brouillage radioélectrique subi, même si le
brouillage est susceptible d'en
compromettre le fonctionnement.
WARNING: Changes or modifications not expressively approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. The term “IC:” before the radio
certification number only signifies that Industry Canada technical specifications were met.
B
Battery
Charging battery when
connected, 121
Charging battery when
disconnected, 122
Installation, 122
Maintenance instructions, 120
Position on the motorcycle, 15
Removal, 122
Technical data, 140
Warning for battery charge
current, 33
Brake fluid
Checking fluid level, front, 101
Checking fluid level, rear, 102
Reservoir, front, 11
Reservoir, rear, 15
Brake pads
Checking front, 98
Checking rear, 99
Running in, 73
Brakes
Adjusting handlebar lever, 55
Checking function, 98
Safety instructions, 73
Technical data, 139
Wear indicator, 100
13
C
Case
Operation, 89
Checklist, 70
Clock
Adjusting, 43
Control, 19
Clutch
Adjusting handlebar lever, 54
Checking fluid level, 103
Checking function, 103
Fluid reservoir, 13
Technical data, 135
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 148
Index
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS
Engineering details, 80
Self-diagnosis, 71
Warnings, 35
Accessories
General instructions, 88
Ambient temperature
Outside temperature
warning, 35
Reading, 25
Anti-theft alarm
Telltale light, 19
Warnings, 39
ASC
Control, 16
Engineering details, 82
Operation, 51
Self-diagnosis, 72
Warnings, 35
Audio system
Control, 16
Average values
Resetting, 45
157
z
158
Cruise-control system
Control, 16
Operation, 52
Telltale light, 23
Currency, 7
Index
D
Damping
Adjuster, rear, 11
Adjusting, 57
Dimensions
Technical data, 142
13
z
E
Electrics
Technical data, 140
Emergency off switch (kill
switch), 18
Operation, 48
Engine
Starting, 70
Technical data, 133
Warning for engine
electronics, 32
Engine oil
Checking fill level, 97
Filler neck, 13
Fill-level indicator, 11
Technical data, 135
Topping up, 98
Warning for engine oil level, 34
Warning for engine oil
pressure, 33
Equipment, 7
ESA
Control, 16
Engineering details, 85
Operation, 58
F
Frame
Technical data, 141
Front-wheel stand
Installing, 111
Fuel
Filler neck, 13
Refuelling, 75
Technical data, 134
Fuel reserve
Range, 24
Warning, 32
Fuses
Technical data, 140
G
General views
Instrument panel, 19
Left multifunction switch, 16
Left side of motorcycle, 11
Multifunction display, 22
Right handlebar fitting, 18
Right side of motorcycle, 13
Underneath the seat, 15
Warning and telltale lights, 23
H
Hazard warning flashers
Control, 16
Operation, 48
I
Ignition
Switching off, 42
Switching on, 42
Immobiliser
Reserve key, 43
Warning, 32
Instrument panel
Ambient-light brightness
sensor, 19
Overview, 19
J
Jump starting, 119
K
Keys, 42
L
Lighting
Replacing brake-light bulb, 115
Replacing front turn indicator
bulb, 117
Replacing high-beam headlight
bulb, 112
Replacing low-beam headlight
bulb, 112
Replacing parking-light
bulb, 114
Replacing rear light bulb, 115
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulb, 115
Technical data, 141
Warning for bulb failure, 33
Lights
Control, 16
Headlight flasher, operating, 47
High-beam headlight,
operating, 47
Low-beam headlight, 46
Parking lights, operating, 47
Side light, 46
Lowered suspension
Restrictions, 68
Luggage
Instructions for loading, 68
M
Maintenance
General instructions, 96
Maintenance intervals, 146
Mirrors
Adjusting, 56
Mobility services, 146
Motorcycle
Care, 125
Cleaning, 125
Lashing, 77
Laying up, 128
Parking, 74
13
159
Index
Headlight
Beam throw, 61
Driving on right/driving on
left, 61
Headlight beam-throw
adjustment, 11
Heated handlebar grips
Control, 18
Operation, 49
Helmet holder
Helmet, securing, 64
Position on the motorcycle, 15
Horn, 16
z
13
Index
160
z
Multifunction display, 19
Adjust the dimmer, 46
Control, 16
Overview, 22
Selecting readings, 44
Multifunction switch
General view, left side, 16
General view, right side, 18
O
Odometer and tripmeters
Control, 19
Resetting, 45
P
Parking, 74
Power socket
Notes on use, 88
Position on the motorcycle, 11
Pre-ride check, 71
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 136
Refuelling, 75
Rev. counter, 19
Rider's Manual
Position on the motorcycle, 15
Running gear
Technical data, 137
Running in, 73
S
Safety instructions
for brakes, 73
For riding, 68
Seat heating
Control, 13, 18
Operation, 50
Seats
Adjusting seat height, 64
Height adjuster, 15
Installation, 62
Lock, 13
Removal, 62
Service, 146
Service-due indicator, 24
Shift lever
Adjusting, 56
Spark plugs
Technical data, 140
Speedometer, 19
Spring preload
Adjuster, rear, 15
Adjusting, 56
Starting, 70
Control, 18
Steering lock
Locking, 42
Stowage compartment
Operation, 54
Position on the motorcycle, 13
T
Technical data
Battery, 140
Brakes, 139
Bulbs, 141
Clutch, 135
Dimensions, 142
Electrics, 140
Engine, 133
Engine oil, 135
Frame, 141
Tyre pressure monitoring RDC
Adhesive label for rim, 105
Engineering details, 84
Reading, 25
Warnings, 36
Tyres
Checking inflation pressure, 60
Checking tread depth, 103
Pressures, 140
Recommendation, 104
Running in, 73
Table of tyre pressures, 15
Technical data, 139
V
Vehicle
Restoring to use, 128
Vehicle Identification Number
Position on the motorcycle, 11
W
Warning lights
Overview, 23
Warnings
ABS, 35
Anti-theft alarm, 39
ASC, 35
Battery charge current, 33
Bulb defect, 33
Engine electronics, 32
Engine oil level, 34
Engine oil pressure, 33
Fuel reserve, 32
Immobiliser, 32
Mode of presentation, 26
Outside temperature
warning, 35
RDC, 36
Warnings, overview, 28
Weights
Payload table, 15
Technical data, 143
Wheels
Change of size, 104
Checking rims, 103
Install the rear wheel, 109
Installing front wheel, 107
Remove the front wheel, 105
Removing rear wheel, 108
Technical data, 139
13
161
Index
Fuel, 134
Rear-wheel drive, 136
Running gear, 137
Spark plugs, 140
Standards, 7
Transmission, 136
Weights, 143
Wheels and tyres, 139
Telltale lights, 19
Overview, 23
Toolkit
Contents, 96
Position on the motorcycle, 15
Topcase
Operation, 91
Torques, 131
Transmission
Technical data, 136
Troubleshooting chart, 130
Turn indicators
Control, 16
Installation, 119
Operation, 47
Removal, 118
z
13
Index
162
z
Windscreen
Control, 16
Operation, 56
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet may differ from
the vehicle's actual specification
as purchased, the accessories
fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will be entertained as a result of such discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights, fuel consumption and performance data
are quoted to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
©2013 Bayerische Motoren
Werke Aktiengesellschaft
80788 Munich, Germany
Reprinting, even only in extracts,
is only permitted with written authorization by BMW Motorrad,
Aftersales.
Original instruction manual, printed in Germany.
The most important data for a filling-station stop can be found in the following chart:
Fuel
Recommended fuel grade
Premium plus unleaded, (max. 10 % ethanol, E10)
98 ROZ/RON
91 AKI
Alternative fuel grade
Premium unleaded (slight power- and consumption-related restrictions), (max. 10 % ethanol, E10)
95 ROZ/RON
89 AKI
Usable fuel capacity
approx. 25 l
Reserve fuel
approx. 4 l
Tyre pressures
Tyre pressure, front
2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear
2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold
BMW recommends
Order No.: 01 41 8 551 001
08.2013, 4th edition, 01
*01418551001*
*01418551001*
*01418551001*