Valtra A95n Operator`s manual

Operator’s manual
A75n, A85n, A95n
A75L, A85L, A95L
Operator’s manual A75n ---A95n, A75L ---A95L
Serial numbers of your tractor
In open cab models the
serial numbers are on the
same locations
Type plate EEC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cab number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tractor number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Powered front axle number . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A1
---1---
Main table of contents
The Operator’s Manual is divided into 12 main parts, using the letters A, B, C ... L. These are further sub
divided into number sections. There are four levels of titles. E.g. on the marking D.1.3 the letter D tells that
it is the main part D, Instruments and controls. The first number 1 (see detailed table of contents) tells that
it is the illustration section of the instruments and controls part, etc.
The detailed table of contents provides a lettering, a numbering and page system. The bottom of each page
displays a reference to the main part of the manual it is in.
page no
A Table of contents
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 --- 5
B Safety precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 --- 9
C General description
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 --- 18
D Instruments and controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19 --- 47
E Starting and running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48 --- 51
F Operating instructions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 --- 62
G Maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
H Periodic maintenance
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 --- 87
I Checks and adjustments
J Specifications
63 --- 68
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 --- 99
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 --- 111
K Extra equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L Alphabetical index
112 --- 133
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 --- 136
---2---
To the operator
Valtra A75n, A75L, A85n, A85L, A95n, A95L,
(models sold may vary in different marketing areas)
This Operator’s Manual is primarily intended for the driver. The manual contains detailed instructions for driving and maintaining the tractor. Make sure
that your new tractor is always handled and maintained in the correct way
which will keep it reliable and provide economical operation for many years. In
certain marketing areas the whole model range are not sold.
This Operator’s Manual is only for agricultural tractors. If the tractor is used as
a traffic tractor, it must fulfil the requirements of local traffic regulations. In this
case always contact your Valtra dealer first.
In this booklet, information which refers to more than one model is given as
(e.g. A75n--A95n =A75n, A85n, A95n and A75L --A95L =A75L, A85L, A95L). n
letter means cab models and L letter open cab models.
Alternative equipment in the book means equipment, which can be selected
when buying. This equipment can not easily be fitted at a later time to the tractor. Extra equipment means the equipment, which can be bought and mounted
at a later time to the tractor.
We recommend that you read the manual thoroughly. Follow the maintenance
program carefully and add the daily maintenance to your normal routine.
Maintenance, repairs and adjustments which are not described in this Operator’s Manual require the use of special tools and exact technical data. For such
work you should contact your dealer who has specially trained personnel to
help you.
Only use genuine Valtra spare parts for optimum performance from your tractor. You should order spare parts according to the instructions given in the illustrated parts catalogue.
Due to the continual development of Valtra Inc. products, the content of this
manual may not always correspond with the new product. Therefore, we retain
the right to make alterations without prior notification.
Please note: when using the tractor you must always follow all valid
laws and regulations even, if they have not specifically been pointed out
in this manual.
Valtra Inc.
---3---
A. Detailed table of contents
Serial numbers of your tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Main table of contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
To the operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
A. Detailed table of contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
B. Safety precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
B 1. Safety rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
B 1.1. Roll Over Protective Structures . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
C. General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
C 1. Illustrations Valtra A75n ---A95n, A75L ---A95L . . . 10
C 2. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
C 3. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
C 4. Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
C 4.1. Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
C 4.2. Gearbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
C 4.3. Rear axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
C 4.4. Power shuttle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
C 4.5. Powered front axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
C 4.6. Power take ---off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
C 5. Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
C 6. Steering system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
C 7. Hydraulic system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
C 7.1. Hydraulic lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
C 7.2. Valves for auxiliary hydraulics . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
D. Instruments and controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
D 1. Illustrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
D 1.1. Controls on front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
D 1.2. Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
D 1.3. Controls on right hand side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
D 1.4. Controls on left hand side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
D 1.5. Rear side controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
D 1.6. Roof console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
D 1.7. Driver’s seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
D 1.8. Other controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
D 2. Instruments and controls, more detail . . . . . . . . . 25
D 2.1. Controls on frontside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
D 2.2. Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
D 2.2.1. Front panel of instrument panel . . . . . . . . 27
D 2.2.2. Instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
D 2.2.2.8. Agroline ---instrument panel (alternative),
LCD ---display unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
1. Continuously shows a display that cannot be chosen with a switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
2. Displays chosen with change over switch . . 30
3. Setting mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Changing the Agroline tyre/tire parameters for different tyres/tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
4. Change over switch for LCD ---display unit in Agroline instrument panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
D 2.2.3. Side panel of instrument panel . . . . . . . . . 33
D 2.3. Controls on right hand side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
D 2.3.1. Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
D 2.3.1.4. HiShift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
D 2.3.2. Rear linkage (electrohydraulically controlled
lift) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
D 2.3.3. Rear linkage (mechanically controlled hydraulic lift) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
D 2.3.4. Rear power take ---off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
D 2.3.5. Auxiliary hydraulic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
D 2.3.6. Other controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
D 2.4. Controls on left hand side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
D 2.5. Controls on rear side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
D 2.6. Roof console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
D 2.7. Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
D 2.7.1. Cab models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
E. Starting and running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
E 1. Points to note during the first 50 hours running . 48
E 2. Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
E 2.1. Normal start/cold start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
E 2.1.1. Cold start, special instructions . . . . . . . . . . 48
A. Detailed table of contents
E 2.2. Starting aerosol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
E 2.3. Starting with auxiliary batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
E 3. Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
E 3.1. Changing gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
E 3.2. Differential lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
E 3.3. Powered front axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
E 4. Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
E 5. Action to be taken during using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
E 5.1. Permitted driving inclinations for a tractor on a
slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
E 5.2. Use of snow chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
E 5.3. Front mudguards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
E 5.4. Towing the tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
E 5.5. Fold down Rops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
F. Operating instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
F 1. Use of power take ---off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
F 2. Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
F 3. Three ---point linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
F 3.1. Lifting links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
F 3.2. Check links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
F 3.3. Telescopic lower links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
F 3.4. Quick couplings for lower links, extra
equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
F 4. Using the hydraulic lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
F 4.1. Using the mechanically controlled hydraulic lift 56
F 4.1.1. Position lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
F 4.1.2. The floating position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
F 4.1.3. Draft control and automatic weight transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
F 4.1.4. Adjustment of lowering speed . . . . . . . . . . 57
F 4.2.1. Lift/stop/lower switch (Autocontrol switch)
58
F 4.2.2. Activating the linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
F 4.2.3. Position control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
F 4.2.4. Setting transport height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
F 4.2.5. Floating position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
F 4.2.6. Draft control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
F 4.2.7. Lowering speed control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
F 4.2.8. Passing switch for position control knob = forced lowering switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
F 4.2.9. Drive balance control switch . . . . . . . . . . . 59
F 5. Operation of auxiliary hydraulics . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
F 5.1. Valves adjusting for single --- or double acting
60
F 5.2. Action to be taken during operation . . . . . . . . 61
F 5.3. Hydraulic motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
F 6. Attaching implements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
F 6.1. Using PTO shafts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
F 7. Use of top link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
G. Maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
G 1. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
G 2. Recommended fuel and lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . 64
G 2.1. Oil recommendations according to outdoor temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
G 2.2. Quality requirements of engine fuel . . . . . . . . 65
G 2.2.1. Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
G 2.2.2. Fuel storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
G 2.2.3. Filter system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
G 2.2.4. Biodiesel fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
G 3. Grease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
G 4. Maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
H. Periodic maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
H 1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
H 1.1. Air filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
H 2. Maintenance daily at least every 10 hours . . . . . 70
H 3. Maintenance weekly at least every 50 hours . . . 71
H 4. Maintenance every 500 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
H 5. Maintenance every 1000 hours or yearly . . . . . . 80
H 6. Maintenance every 2000 hours or every other
year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
I. Checks and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
I 1. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
I 1.1. Bleeding fuel system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
---4---
I 1.2. Air cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
I 1.3. Maintenance ---cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
I 2. Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
I 2.1. Checking and maintenance of battery . . . . . . 90
I 2.2. Alternator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
I 2.3. Safety precautions for the electrical system . . 90
I 2.4. Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
I 2.5. Current sockets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
I 2.6. Headlight adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
I 3. Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
I 3.1. Adjusting pedal free travel of propulsion clutch 93
I 3.2. Adjusting PTO clutch lever free travel . . . . . . . 93
I 4. Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
I 4.1. Adjusting travel of brake pedals . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
I 4.2. Adjusting parking brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
I 4.3. Bleeding brake system of air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
I 5. Steering system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
I 5.1. Checking and adjusting toe ---in of front wheels 95
I 5.1.1. Adjusting toe ---in 2WD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
I 5.1.2. Adjusting toe ---in 4WD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
I 5.2. Limiting steering lock of front wheels (powered
front axle) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
I 6. Adjusting track width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
I 6.1. Front axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
I 6.1.1. 2WD axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
I 6.1.2. Powered front axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
I 6.2. Adjusting track width: Rear axle . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
I 7. If the tractor is not used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
I 7.1. Storing the tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
I 7.2. Removing the tractor from storage . . . . . . . . . 99
J. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
J 1. Dimensions and weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
J 2. Max permissible axle loadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
J 3. Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
J 3.1. Tightening torques, wheel nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
J 3.2. Tyre pressures and permissible loadings . . . . 102
J 4. Track widths, mm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
J 5. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
J 5.1. Lubrication system (engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
J 5.2. Fuel system and air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
J 5.3. Coolant system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
J 6. Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
J 7. Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
J 7.1. Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
J 7.2. Gearbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
J 7.3. Speed ranges (km/h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
J 7.4. Power take ---off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
J 7.4.1. Running speed at different nominal revs of the
rear PTO (km/h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
J 7.4.2. Power take ---off output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
J 7.5. Powered front axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
J 7.6. 2WD axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
J 8. Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
J 9. Steering system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
J 9.1. Turning radius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
J 10. Working hydraulics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
J 10.1. Hydraulic lift, functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
J 10.1.1. Max. lifting force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
J 10.1.2. On mechanically controlled hydraulic lift 110
J 10.1.3. On electrohydraulically controlled
hydraulic lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
J 10.1.4. Valves for auxiliary hydraulics . . . . . . . . . 110
J 11. Other specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
J 11.1. The capacity of the cab filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
J 11.2. Code number table for calibrating . . . . . . . . 111
K. Extra equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1. Extra equipment catalogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.1. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.2. Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.3. Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.4. Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.5. Steering system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.6. Frame and wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.7. Cab and shields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
K 1.8. Hydraulic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
K 2. Extra equipment, operating and service . . . . . . . 114
K 2.1. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
K 2.2. Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
K 2.2.1.Safety Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
K 2.2.2. Electric main circuit switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
K 2.3. Power transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
K 2.3.1. Front power take ---off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
1. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
2. Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
3. Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
4. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
K 2.3.2. HiShift for the rear PTO switch . . . . . . . . . 117
1. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
2. Adjustment for the slow engagement . . . . . . 118
K 2.4. Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
K 2.4.1. Trailer air pressure brakes (press air compressor) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
1. The construction of the air pressure brakes . 119
2. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
3. Changing and bleeding the brake fluid . . . . . 120
4. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
K 2.4.2. Fluid brake valve of the trailer . . . . . . . . . . 121
1. The construction of the trailer brake valve: . . 121
2. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
3. Changing and bleeding of the brake fluid . . 122
4. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
K 2.5. Steering system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
K 2.6. Frame and wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
K 2.7. Cab and shields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
K 2.7.1. Air suspension ---driver’s seat . . . . . . . . . . . 123
1. Seat functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
K 2.7.2. Air conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
1. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
2. Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
K 2.8. Hydraulic and towing device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
K 2.8.1. Trailer hitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
1. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
2. Checks and Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
3. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
K 2.8.2. Agricultural towing device . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
1. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
K 2.8.3. Wagon towing device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
2. Instructions for operating hitch . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
3. Maintenance and greasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
4. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
K 2.8.4. Front linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
1. Instructions for operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
2. Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
3. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
L. Alphabetical index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Conversion table for common units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
---5---
A. Detailed table of contents
B. Safety precautions
B 1.
Safety rules
This section summarizes the regulations which must
always be followed when working with the tractor.
However, these regulations do not exempt the driver from
following statutory and other national regulation as
regards traffic safety and occupational health and safety.
Safety regulations applicable for different types of working
sites and existing road traffic laws must always be
followed.
When designing the tractor priority was given to the safety
of the operator. Steps and handles have been placed with
ease of entry into the cab in mind. The tractor has several
safety features eg: guards for belts and pulleys etc.
1 Danger, Warning, Caution --- Whenever you see the
words and symbols shown below, used in this book and
on decals, you MUST take note of their instructions as
they relate to personal safety.
3 Brakes --- Always check that the brakes are operating
correctly before setting off. The brake pedals should be
locked together when driving on the road. The brakes
should be adjusted as necessary. Extensive repairs to the
braking system should be undertaken only by Valtra
approved service personnel. When implements or
ballast weights are front end mounted the rear axle
loading is decreased:
---In these circumstances the driver should check that the
rear brakes are still effective.
---When needed use opposite ballast weights at rear.
4 Children and tractor --- Never allow children in the cab
or near the tractor or attached implement while the engine
is running. Always lower the implement to the ground
when leaving the tractor.
1
DANGER: This symbol together with the
word DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will
result in DEATH OR VERY SERIOUS
INJURY.
WARNING: This symbol together with the
word WARNING indicates a potentially
hazardous situation that if not avoided
could result in DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY.
65---2
CAUTION: This symbol together with the
word CAUTION is used to indicate a
potentially hazardous situation that, if not
avoided, may result in MINOR INJURY.
IMPORTANT: The word IMPORTANT is used to identify
special instructions or procedures which, if not strictly
observed, could result in damage to, or destruction of the
machine, process or its surroundings.
NOTE: The word NOTE is used to indicate points of
particular interest for more efficient and convenient repair
or operation.
Decals
WARNING: DO NOT remove or obscure
Danger, Warning, Caution or Instruction
Decals. Replace any Danger, Warning,
Caution or Instruction Decals that are not
readable or are missing. Replacement
decals are available from your Dealer in the
event of loss or damage. The actual location
of these Safety Decals is illustrated at the
end of this section.
2 Tractor construction --- The tractor construction must
not be changed (f.ex. max. driving speed, max. power
etc.)
The tractor is type approved to comply with construction
and use regulations . Any changes to the tractor may
reduce the safety and durability and affect the warranty
terms.
B. Safety precautions
5 Roof hatch --- Open the hatch by pulling the lever 1 on
the handle rearwards. Then push at the front side of the
roof hatch, the gas springs assist the opening of the hatch
completely.
WARNING: When driving on ice it is
recommended to keep the roof hatch open.
6 Passengers --- No passenger may ride on the tractor
unless it is provided with a special seat. Any passenger
must not ride on the platform placed in the tractor. Other
personal transport, for example, on front---mounted
loaders, is not permissible.
7 Caution --- Hold on to the steering wheel or safety
handles in the cab if the tractor tips over. Never try to
jump out.
8 Maintenance --- The driver is responsible for following
the maintenance instructions in this Manual and the safety
regulations applicable for the tractor. No maintenance
work is to be carried out on the tractor or implement
unless the engine is stopped and the implement lowered.
9 Lending --- Never lend the tractor to a person who is not
used to driving it. You may be held responsible for any
resulting accidents.
10 Lights --- Always make sure that the lights and
reflectors are clean and in working order. Do not forget
that the headlights must be correctly adjusted.
---6---
19 Trailer --- A trailer should only be coupled to the
drawbar. A loaded drawbar must always be lowered with
the three---point linkage. Check that trailer brakes are
operating property and observe any special instructions
issued by the trailer manufacturer.
CAUTION: When the tractor is towing a
trailer the brake pedals must be locked
together. The brakes are not to be used
individually for steering.
CAUTION: When using a trailer make sure
that the hitch latch is locked.
WARNING: When using the trailer always
use the brakes, if the law requires. The
trailer brakes are recommended to use in 50
km/h models also in those countries, where
it is not required by the law.
T B3
11 Carbon monoxide --- Never start the engine, or run it
indoors while the doors are closed as this may lead to
poisoning by carbon monoxide.
12 Downhill --- Never drive downhill with the gear lever in
neutral or the clutch pedal pressed down. Check the
brakes often. The brake pedals should be locked together
when driving on the road. Always change down to a lower
gear before driving down a steep incline. When driving
downhill do not brake continuously---danger of
overheating the brakes! Do not let the engine go into
overdrive, it may damage.
13 Running speed --- Adjust the speed to suit the driving
surface, visibility and load. Avoid any sudden increase or
reduction (braking) in the running speed as well as tight
turns at high speed. If care is not taken the tractor may tip
over or the load may be displaced.
IMPORTANT: The maximum speed of the tractor must not
be altered.
Maximum operating forward speed is 40 Km/h, for safety
the maximum operating speed in reverse is
20 Km/h.
20 Front ---end loader --- When working with a front loader
be sure that no one is in the working area. There is a
danger that the tractor may tip over when the loader is
lifted. The driver should put the front---end loader in the
down position before leaving the tractor. Any special
instructions issued by the loader manufacturer should
also be observed.
21 Running --- Before driving, always check that the
tractor is in a safe condition for driving on the road. Rear
view mirrors should be adjusted for the correct viewing
angle before setting off. When towing an implement
whose centre of gravity is located at a significant distance
behind the tractor, the driver should remember that there
may be considerable sway during cornering.
22 Differential lock --- The differential lock must only be
used when driving on loose or slippery ground. Never turn
on a firm surface with the differential lock engaged. The
differential lock should be disengaged when cornering.
14 Power take ---off driven attachments --- When running
with power take---off driven attachments or machines it is
very important that the prescribed safety devices are used
and that they are in good condition. Serious accidents
have occurred due to failure to use prescribed safety
devices. Follow the directions given by the implement or
machine manufacturer.
15 Check links --- When transporting implements on the
three---point linkage, the check links must be locked with
the locking pins.
A3565---11,1
16 Emergency exits --- The cab is provided with six
emergency exits. These are the doors, side windows, rear
window and roof.
17 Stairs --- Keep the stairs clean. Build up of dirt can
cause slippery conditions and can cause injury.
18 Trailer load --- On tractors with trailers the load must
be properly secured. The load must not obstruct the
driver’s vision or cover lights and reflectors. Loads wich
project more than 1 m (39 in) behind the vehicle train
must be suitably marked. During day-time this is done
with a flag and during darkness with a red light and
reflector arrangement.
23 Front axle loading --- When driving on the road at least
20 % of the gross weight of the tractor must be on the
front axle. When lifting an implement the weight on the
front end of the tractor is reduced, and the steering ability
of the tractor is impaired or sometimes lost. Therefore
sufficient ballast weights should be carried. Ballast
weights should be mounted only at the points intended for
this purpose.
---7---
B. Safety precautions
24 Attaching implements --- Care must be taken when
implements are being attached. There is a risk of an
accident if the tractor or implement should move. It is only
safe to enter the implement if the parking brake is applied
or the wheels blocked in order to prevent the tractor from
moving.
25 Damage --- The driver is responsible for seeing to the
repair of any wear which might endanger the safety of
the tractor.
WARNING: If damage occurs to the cab, all
parts affected should be replaced with new
ones. No repair work (welding, drilling,
cutting, or grinding) should be attempted.
kept inside the cab, especially not above the right side
panel.
When using a mobile phone in the tractor it is
recommended that it is connected to the outside antenna.
28 Hydraulic/fuel pressure --- Oil/fuel under high
pressure easily penetrates through clothing and skin and
can cause serious injury. Never attempt to locate a leak in
the hydraulic system or attempt to close a leak using any
part of your body.
29 Implements maintenance --- Implements connected to
the linkage or the auxiliary hydraulic system must be
lowered to the ground during maintenance.
30 Motor noise ---When you are operating the engine or
working near it, use hearing protectors to avoid noise
injuries.
31 Naked flames and smoking ---Naked Flames,
smoking and sparks are prohibited near the fuel system
and batteries. (Especially, when charging batteries,
explosive gases present).
32 By a fire --- At temperatures in excess of 300˚ C, e.g. if
the engine is on fire, the viton seals of the engine (e.g the
undermost 0---ring of the oil pressure regulating value)
produce very highly corrosive hydrofluoric acid. Do not
touch with your bare hands, viton seals which have been
subjected to abnormally high temperatures. Always use
neoprene rubber or heavy duty gloves and safety glasses
when decontaminating. Wash seals and the contaminated
area with 10 % calcium hydroxide or other alkali solution.
Put all the removed material in sealed plastic bags and
deliver them to the point stated by the Authorities
concerned.
A3565---12,1
26 Triangle for slow vehicle (SMV ---Slow Moving
Vehicle) --- When driving on public roads always use the
SMV emblem at the rear side of the tractor. Also use the
rotating light where required by law.
WARNING: Never destroy viton ---seals by
burning!
33 Engine stop and restart --- If the engine has stalled
eg. due too heavy loading, turn the ignition switch to the
STOP position. Restart the engine according to the
starting instructions. Keep an eye on the indicator lights
on the instrument panel.
34 Quick couplings for lower links --- Clean, if necessary
the quick couplings and ball joints for the lower links
before attaching the implement. DANGER OF THE
IMPLEMENT RELEASING!
T B7
27 Mobile phones --- Mobile phones may cause failure for
the electrical linkage function. A mobile phone can not be
B. Safety precautions
---8---
B 1.1.
Roll Over Protective Structures
AB2
A B1
Fig. 5
A Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) and seat belt
(extra equipment) is fitted as standard equipment to the
footstep tractor at the time of factory assembly. If the
ROPS was removed by the original purchaser or has been
removed, it is recommended that you equip your tractor
with a Roll Over Protective Structure and a seat belt.
ROPS are effective in reducing injuries during overturn
accidents. Overturning a tractor without ROPS can result
in serious injury or death (Fig. 5).
If a fold down ROPS is installed DO NOT wear seat belt
when the ROPS is in the folded down position.
B 1.1.1.
Fig. 6
--- Check the seat belt for damage. A damaged seat belt
must be replaced (Fig. 6).
B 1.1.2.
Damage to the ROPS
If the tractor has rolled over or the ROPS has been
damaged (such as striking an overhead object during
transport), the ROPS must be replaced to provide the
original degree of protection.
After an accident, check for damage to the ROPS,
operator’s seat, seat belt and seat belt mountings. Before
you operate the tractor, replace all damaged parts.
DO NOT WELD, DRILL, BEND OR STRAIGHTEN THE
ROPS . To do so reduces the protection it offers.
Operation
B 1.1.3.
--- Before using the tractor ensure that the ROPS frame is
not damaged, that it is securely fastened to the tractor
and if a hinged section is fitted that it is in the raised
position and secured.
--- If the ROPS has been removed from the tractor, or folded down for a specific operation, it must be refitted or
erected immediately afterwards using the proper hardware and applying the recommended torque values.
--- DO NOT attach chains, ropes, or cables to the ROPS for
pulling purposes; this will cause the tractor to tip backwards. Always pull from the tractor drawbar.
--- Always wear your seat belt --- adjusted snugly except
when operating with a folded down ROPS.
Sun protection roof
A B3
Fig. 7
--- ROPS, FOPS (Falling Object Protective Structure),
protective enclosure or protective screens (Fig. 7).
Remember FOPS are protection from light falling
objects and are not intended as protection from large
falling objects such as large round bales or fence rails.
--- SMV (slow moving vehicle) emblem, additional safety
guards, lights or decals and a back up alarm.
---9---
B. Safety precautions
C. General description
C 1.
Illustrations Valtra A75n---A95n, A75L ---A95L
A C9
The exterior features of the new A---Series are remodelled
similar to the other model series. The lift up engine cover
makes serving easier.
The models dealt with here belong to the Valtra’s small
category tractor series.
The tractors have 4---stroke direct injection diesel engines:
Three---cylinder engine, turbocharged;
---A75n, A75L
Four---cylinder engine, turbocharged;
---A85n, A95n
C. General description
Three---cylinder engine, turbocharged and intercoolered;
A85L, A95L
The tractor is fitted with a double clutch which acts against
the flywheel, fully synchronized gearbox, an shuttle unit,
differential lock, hydrostatic steering, working hydraulics
(alternatively electrohydraulically controlled hydraulic lift,
not in open cab models) and power take---off. On these
models an engine heater is included as standard (not in
open cab models). The tractor is obtainable with powered
front axle and as alternative equipment a forestry cab (not
in open cab models).
---10---
16
12
14
13
3
1
15
2
4
9
11
7
5
6
8
10
A C3
Left side of tractor:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Preheating of engine induction air, electric
Windscreen washer container
Battery
Prefilter, fuel system, water trap in lower part
Fuel filter
Cylinder block coolant drain plug
Dipstick, engine oil
Engine oil filter
Filler cap for engine oil
10. Engine heater plug
11. Fuel injection pump
12. Engine air intake prefilter system
A75n, A75L ---A95L cyclone cleaner (as in picture)
A85n, A95n ejector
13. Heating system air filter
14. Expansion tank
15. Brake fluid tank
16. Air conditioning receiver, extra equipment
---11---
C. General description
1
8
4
2
3
5
7
6
A C4
Right side of tractor:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turbocharger, behind the thermal protection
Thermostat housing
Alternator
Hydraulic pump
C. General description
5. Suction strainer, hydraulic system
6. Starter motor
7. Fuel filling opening
8. Hand priming pump, fuel system
---12---
17
2
10
3
13
11
1
12
5
5
9
18
18
8
7
7
16
6
6
15
14
4
4
69---5,3
Rear view of tractor:
1. Quick---release couplings, auxiliary hydraulics
2. Trailer socket
3. Detent for disengaging draft control (not on electro
hydraulically controlled hydraulic lift)
4. Lowering link
5. Lifting link
6. Levelling gear
7. Lifting link, trailer hitch (extra equipment, with the hydraulic hitch)
8. Extra lifting cylinder
9. Top link
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
---13---
Incorporating breather, hydraulic system
Oil filling, hydraulic system
Dipstick, hydraulic system
Auxiliary hydraulic system return coupling
Trailer hitch (extra equipment, several different alternatives, for more detailed see beginning of
page 126)
Power take---off shaft (safety cap)
Transmission oil filling cap and dipstick
Inlet cover, remote control cables
Ring pins bracket
C. General description
1
3
2
A C6
Front view of tractor:
Not in open cab models.
1 DIN---socket for current, max 8A (current on, when the
parking lights are on)
2 Front linkage (extra equipment)
3 Front power take---off (extra equipment)
C. General description
---14---
C 2.
The principle of the turbocharged engine is that exhaust
gases from the engine cylinders drive the turbo unit which
forces air into the cylinders. This means that a higher
power output can be obtained with economical fuel
consumption.
Service
In order to function satisfactorily the tractor must be
properly maintained.
The necessary daily lubrication and routine checks, can,
of course, be carried out by the driver.
Where adjustments and repairs are necessary which
require the attention of a qualified mechanic and the use
of special tools, it is advisable to rely on a workshop. In
this case we advice you to consult your local dealer as to
how your tractor should be looked after as he is in a
position to give you the best possible service. Through
service bulletins and special training courses he is kept
constantly informed of the factory’s recommendations
regarding care of the tractor.
The engine induction air passes through the air filter and a
safety filter inside the air filter. The air intake system has
an effective ejector pre---separator system (4---cylinder
models), most of the impurities are removed before they
reach the filter by the exhaust fume flow. The safety filter
prevents the engine from being damaged if the main filter
fails.
These new 20---series engines have lower fuel
consumption and cleaner exhaust gases.
C 4.
C 2.1.
Cost---free service
Before leaving the factory the tractor was thoroughly
tested and adjusted to ensure it is in first-class condition
when delivered to you.
Power transmission
C 4.1.
Clutch
However, it is important that the tractor is given further
checks during the first period of operation. Bolts must be
checked for tightness, various settings inspected and
other minor adjustment made. Your dealer therefore gives
one cost---free service inspection (excluding oil and filter
costs) after 100 hours running.
C 3.
Engine
A3565---17
A C5
The clutch is of the twin type and is attached to the engine
flywheel. There are separate discs for the propulsion
clutch and power take---off. Both clutches are operated
mechanically independently of each other, the propulsion
clutch being controlled by means of a pedal and the
power take---off clutch with a lever.The clutch plates are
both axel--- and rad springed.
As extra equipment the push buttons for HiShift are
available (not in open cab models), making driving easier
so there is no need to use the foot clutch pedal.
Traditional use of clutch pedal is, however, always
possible.
The tractors have 4---stroke direct injection diesel engines:
Three---cylinder engine, turbocharged;
---A75n, A75L
Four---cylinder engine, turbocharged;
---A85n, A95n
Three---cylinder engine, turbocharged and intercoolered;
A85L, A95L
---15---
C. General description
C 4.2.
Gearbox
C 4.4.
Power shuttle
A3565---18
65---8,5
The speed gearbox has four synchronized gears which
are controlled with a speed gear lever.
In front of the gearbox there is fitted a shuttle unit.
The shuttle unit is synchronized and has a pressure
lubrication system. The forward---reverse shutle is
controlled with the lever nearest to the driver. For this
reason forward/reverse changing can be made quickly
and very easily e.g when loading work is carried out.
On models with the shuttle unit the gearbox has three
range gears; LL=creeper range, M=Medium range and
H= High range. M and H ranges are synchronized. All
these three range gears are controlled with one lever. In
the gearbox there are 12 forward speeds and 12 reverse
speeds.
C 4.5.
Powered front axle
The gearbox has a common housing with the differential.
Helical gears of the gearbox give a low noise level and
vibrationless power transmission. The gearbox also has
pressurized lubrication provided with an oil filter.
C 4.3.
Rear axle
The rear axle is fitted directly to the gearbox.
The differential lock is of the pawl type which is engaged
and disengaged electro---hydraulically. An indicator lamp
on the instrument panel lights up when the differential lock
is engaged.
Final drives are of the planetary gear type. From the
planetary gears power is transmitted to the rear wheels.
A3565---20
The powered front axle is driven from the output shaft of
the gearbox for front wheel drive through a propeller shaft.
The differential of the front axle has an automatic
differential brake. The differential brake engages
automatically when wheel---spin occurs.
Front wheel drive can be engaged and disengaged
electro---hydraulically. When 4WD is engaged the springs
force the discs together and four---wheel drive engages.
Consequently the 4WD is always engaged when the
engine is stopped (multi---disc clutch not pressurized).
In addition when braking with both brake pedals or when
engaging parking brake, the front---wheel drive always
engages in order to provide the braking function for the
front wheels.
Front wheel drive can be used in all gears, but when
running on the road it should remain disengaged.
C. General description
---16---
C 4.6.
Power take---off
C 6.
Steering system
A3565---21
The power take---off works fully independently of the
gearbox. It has its own clutch disc in the twin clutch which
is attached to the flywheel. Engagement and
disengagement of the power take---off is via the PTO
clutch control lever of the clutch disc. Power is transmitted
from the flywheel to the power take---off through a power
take---off shaft which runs through the gearbox.
With the PTO selector control lever, located on the right
side of the driving seat, you can select either 540 RPM or
1000 RPM, alternative equipment 540E (750 RPM) PTO.
Front PTO (extra equipment) shaft‘s nominal speed is
1000 RPM (at an engine rotating speed 2120 PRM).
C 5.
Brake system
The oil bath multi---disc brakes are located between the
differential and final drive gears in the final drive housing.
The brakes operate hydraulically from the brake pedals.
When both brake pedals are depressed the front wheel
drive is engaged automatically (4WD indicator lamp lights
on instrument panel) in order to provide braking function
at the front wheels. The pedals can be connected together
and used as running brakes or separated and used
individually as steering brakes.
The parking brake is mechanically operated and operates
on the main brakes and engages the 4WD
electrohydraulically (4 WD models, parking brake and
4WD indicator lamps light on instrument panel).
The brakes can be adjusted by means of adjusting nuts
which are fitted on the rear axle.
A trailer brake valve and the air pressure brakes are
available as extra equipment (not in open cab models).
65---7
The tractor has a hydrostatic steering system meaning
that the steering movement from steering wheel to the
front axle is transmitted by means of oil under pressure.
This makes the hydrostatic steering particularly easy to
use. If the oil pressure in the steering system should
collapse for any reason, steering is still possible by hand.
The steering valve then acts as a pump, although steering
will be considerably heavier.
The tractor hydraulic system has a priority valve, which
ensures that there is always sufficient oil for the steering
system.
---17---
C. General description
C 7.
Hydraulic system
A C8
When an electro---hydraulic Autocontrol B (ACB) is fitted,
the control levers are replaced with knobs and switches.
Pre---programmed/programed functions:
--- Draft control/position control combining ratio plus sensitivity on the regulator, the sensitivity adjustment is automatic.
--- Lowering speed (independent of load)
--- Transport height
--- Drive balance control system
65---8,3
On the hydraulic system there are two oil pumps, whose
total capacity together is 52 l/min at an engine speed of
2270 r/min (max 55 l/min).
C 7.1.3.
The hydraulic circuit controls:
--- steering system (prioritised)
--- linkage hydraulics
--- auxiliary hydraulics
--- trailer brake valve (extra equipment)
--- four wheel drive, through the pressure relief valve
--- differential lock, through the pressure relief valve
C 7.1.
C 7.1.1.
See more information in section K of the extra equipments
on page 132.
C 7.2.
Valves for auxiliary hydraulics
Hydraulic lifts
Hydraulic three---point linkage
unit
The hydraulic lift has position control, lowering speed
control and draft control. Impulses for draft control are
obtained through the top link. The sensitivity can be
regulated by altering the fastening point of the top link.
C 7.1.2.
Front linkage (optional equipment)
Electro hydraulic three---point
linkage
Not in open cab models.
C. General description
65---8,2
The tractor has two valves for auxiliary hydraulics as
standard. One valve can be changed to single --- or
double acting. Two additional valves can be fitted as an
optional accessory, also one valve can be fitted for the
trailer braking system. Single---lever control is used for
these standard valves.
Four quick---action couplings are mounted as standard at
the rear of the tractor. Provision has also been made for
the mounting of four extra couplings and brake valve
coupling.
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