Buick 1998 Riviera Owner`s manual

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The 1998 Buick Riviera Owner’s Manual
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, BUICK,
the BUICK Emblem andthe name FUVIERA are
registered trademarksof General Motors Corporation.
This manual includesthe latest informationat the timeit
was printed.We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first soldin Canada, substitute the name
“General Motorsof Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division wheneverit appears in tlns manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle,
so it will be
there if you ever needit when you’re on the road.
If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manualitinso the new
owner can use it.
Corporation
MotorsGeneral
Litho
@Copyright
in U.S.A.
Reserved
PRights
art No. 25655
All Edition
110 A First
..
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WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propribtaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire dece guide en frangais chez
votre concessionaireou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7
1997
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual
from beginning
to end when theyfirst receive their new vehicle.If
you do this,it will help you learn aboutthe features
and controlsfor your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll
find that pictures and words work together
to explain
things quickly.
Index
A good placeto look for what you needis the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabeticallist of what’s in
the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a numberof safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word
CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you
if you were to ignore
the warning.
c
These mean there is something that
could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard
is. Then
we tell you what to do
to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions.
If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find acircle
with a slash throughit in
this book.This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t do this”or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also,inthisbookyouwill
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NOTICE:
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I
find thesenotices:notbecovered
whatyou tell will
noticethe
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But
costly.
avoid the damage.
These mean there is something that could
damage
- - your vehicle.
iv
In the notice
area,
we
tell you
about
something
that
can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
byyourwarranty,and
it couldbe
help
to do to
-
When you read other manuals, yo-- - ght see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings
m different
colors or indifferent words.
I
You'll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you mayfind on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
These symbols
are on someof
your controls:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
e
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
-rk
I*]
FUSE
LIGHTER
(0)
HORN
BRAKE
SPEAKER
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATERY
L
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
,\I/,
FOG LAMPS
$0
VENTILATING
FAN
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
w,
(@)
FUEL
In
)tr
b
m
6 NOTES
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information aboutthe seats in your Buick and how to use your safety belts properly.
You can also
learn about some things you should
not do with air bags and safety belts.
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Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
Center Passenger Position
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Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults
Children
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
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Seats and Seat Controls
This section tellsyou about the seats-- how to adjust
them, and also about memory seats, reclining seatbacks
and head restraints.
Power Seats
The power seat controlsare located on the sideof the
driver’s and passenger’s seats.
Raise or lower the frontof the seat cushion by holding
the front partof the horizontal control up or down.
Raise or lower the rear of the seat cushion by holding
the rear partof the horizontal control up or down.
Raise or lower the entireseat cushion by holding the
whole control up or down.
Move the seat forward or back
by holding the control
to the front or back.
Power Lumbar Control (Option)
If you have this option, the driver’s and passenger’s
seatback lumbar support can be adjusted by moving the
single switch located on the side of the seat.
To increase or
decrease support, hold the switch
forward or reward.
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Memory Seat and Mirrors (Option)
To set your memory seat and mirrors:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat cushion to
your desired
position. Adjust both outside mirrors
to suit you.See
“Mirrors” in the Index.
When your vehicleis in PARK (P) with theignition on
or off, press thesane side of the MEMORY smitch to
recall the seat and mirror-setting.
To do the same thingfor a second driver,f d o w the
preceding steps, but press the other side of the
MEMORY switch.
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Thememoryfunctioncontrols the driver’s seat cushion-
ignition onor off,push EXIT and the seat willgo all the
way down and back.
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Memory Seat and Mirrors Personal Choice
Feature (Option)
The transmitters can also be programmed to move
the
driver’s seat and outside rnirrors to a set memory
position when the transmitter’s UNLOCK button
is pressed.
To program the system:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat cushion to a comfortable
position. Adjust both outside mirrors to suit you.
See
“Power Remote Control Mirror” in the Index.
2. Press theSET button on the driver’s door armrest.
You will hear one beep.
3. Within five seconds, press oneof the two memory
buttons on the armrest.
You will hear two beeps to
confirm that the mirror and
the seat positions are
entered into memory.
4. Press the UNLOCK button on the appropriate
transmitter withinfive seconds. You will hear
two beeps.
The second transmitter can be programmed to record
a different seat and mirror position
by following the
same steps.
If you prefer to program the exit seat position, which
moves the seat completely down and back, follow
these steps:
Press the SET button on the driver’s door armrest.
You will hear one beep.
Press the EXIT button on the armrest. You will hear
one beep, but the seat will not move at this time.
Press the UNLOCK button on the appropriate
transmitter within five seconds.
You will hear
two beeps.
This personal choice feature will work only when the
vehicle is in PARK (P). A beep will sound inside the
vehicle when the UNLOCK button on the transmitter
is
pressed to move the seat and mirrors.
To turn this featureoff, press SET and then UNLOCK
within five seconds.
Heated Front Seat (Option)
If your vehicle has this
option, the switch is on the
armrest. Withthe ignition in
ACCESSORY or RUN,
press the button once and
the seat will warm up.
The
HI light onthe button will
come on.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The front seatbacks canbe
adjusted by pressingthe
vertical control locatedon
the side of the seat. Pushit
forward to bring the seat to
a more upright position.
Push it rearward to recline
Press the button a second time and
the LO light will
come on. The seat will warm to a lower temperature.
Press the button a third time to turn off the heated seat.
The heater will alsoturn off automatically when the
ignition is turned off.
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But don’t have aseatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
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Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion canbe dangerous. Evenif you buckle
up, your safetybelts can’t do their job
when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t its
dojob. In a crashyou
could go into it,receiving neck or other injuries.
The lapbelt can’t do its
job either. In a crash the
belt couldgo up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, notat your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious
internal injuries.
For properprotection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down
so that the topof the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injuryin a crash.
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it
is locked.
There’s one timethe seatback may not fold without
if your vehicle is parked
some help from you. That’s
going down a fairlv steet, hill.
To fold a seatback forward
if it does lock in place, push
the seatback toward the rear
as youlift this latch. Then
the seatback will fold
forward. The latch must
be downfor the seat to
work properly.
The front seatback folds forwardto let people get into
the back seat.Your seatback will move back and
forth
freely, unless you come to a sudden stop. Then
it will
lock in place.
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Your vehicle hasa light
that comes on asa reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light’’ in
the Index.)
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything,you go as fast as
it goes.
In most statesand Canadian provinces,the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why:They work.
You never know ifyou’ll be in a crash. If you do havea
crash, you don’t knowif it will bea bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes cansobe
serious that even buckled up
a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are
in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s
just a seat
on wheels.
Put someoneon it.
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Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The
rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stoppedby something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument panel...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
&= Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident ifI’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down the
as vehicle does.
You get more time to stop.
You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the
forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good
sense,
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A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearinga safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of
so
being conscious during and after an accident,
you cup2 unbuckle and get out,is much greater if
you are belted.
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If my vehicle has air bags, why should
I have to
wear safety belts?
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Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be
in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only;so they work with
safety belts-- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the of
use
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still haveto buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
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If I’m a good driver, and
I never drive far from
home, why shouldI wear safety belts?
.
vo
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
You may be an excellent driver, but
if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t yourfault -- you and
Driver Position
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
doesn’t protect youfrom things beyond your
control, such as baddrivers.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
Most accidents occur within25 miles (40 km)of
home. And the greatest numberof serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds
of less than40 mph
(65 km/h).
Adults
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt.
The shoulder portion
of the belt has an energy management loop. It is
designed to open and help protect you in certain crashes.
If it opens, you willsee a label on the safety belt that
says to replace the belt. Be sure toso.
doIf you don’t,
the safety belt won’t work properly and won’t protect
you in another crash. For more information on replacing
safety belts after a crash, see “Replacing Safety Belts” in
the Index.
This partis only for people of adult size.
Here’s howto wear the lap-shoulder belt properly.
Be aware that there are special things
to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies.If a child will be riding in
your
vehicle, see the partof this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
1. Close and lock the door.
Safety belts arefor everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
2. Adjust the seat(to see how, see “Seats”in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
pull up on the latchplate to make sureit is secure.If
the belt isn’t long enough,see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end
of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
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The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.
In a crash,this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force atyour abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locksif there’s a sudden stop or crash.
4. Let the beltgo back all the way.You should hear a
slight clicking sound. If you don't, the adjustment
,.,featurewon't set, and you'll have to start again.
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3. Just before it-reachesthe end, giveit a quick pull.
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If you move aroundin the vehicle enough, pull out the
shoulder belt, or open your door, the belt will become
tight again.If this happens,you can resetit.
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What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection thisway.
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You can be seriou J hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose.In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body. Don’t
allow more than1 inch (25 mm) of slack.
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A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
e."
What's wrong with this?
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You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm.
In a crash, your
body would move too far forward,which would
increase the chanceof head andneck injury.
Also, the beltwould apply too much force to the
bones.
ribs, which aren't as strong as shoulder
You could alsoseverely injure internal organs
like your liveror spleen.
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The shoulder beltis worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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What’s wrong with this?
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You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces.
If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your
dealer
fix it. to
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The belt is twisted across the body.
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To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back outof the w
Before you c1,as.ethe door, be sure the
way. If you slam thedoor on it, you can damage boththe
The best way to protectthe fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety beltis worn properly, it’s more
likely thatthe fetus won’t be hurtin a crash. For
pregnant women,as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly.
-- one air bag for the
Your vehicle has two air bags
driver and another air bag
for the right front passenger.
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag system:
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wearthe right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in
this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works
the same
way as the driver’s safetybelt -- except for one thing.If
you ever pullthe lap portion of the belt out all the way,
you will engagethe child restraint locking feature.
If
this happens,just let the belt go backall the way and
start again.
If your vehicle has a center passenger position,sure
be
to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt.If you find thatthe latch plate will not
go fully intothe buckle, see if you are using the buckle
for the center passenger position.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
This part explainsthe Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) or air bag system.
You can be severelyinjured or kiIled ina crash if
you aren’t wearingyour safety belt even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a
crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things
inside the vehicleor being ejected from it.
Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags are designed to work with
safety belts, but don’t replace them. Air bags
are
designed to work only in moderate to severe
crashes where thefront of your vehicle hits
something. Theyaren’t designed to inflateat all
in rollover, rear, sideor low-speed frontal
crashes. Everyonein your vehicle should weara
safety beltproperly whether or not there’san
air bag for that person.
--
--
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Air bags inflate with great force, faster
than the
an inflating
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to
air bag, it could seriouslyinjure you. Safety belts
help keep youin position beforeand during a
crash. Always wearyour safety belt, even with
air
bags. Thedriver should sitas far back as possible
while still maintaining control
of the vehicle.
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Children who are up against,or very close to,an
air bag whenit inflates can be seriously
injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protectionfor adults and older children,
but not for young childrenand infants. Neither
the vehicle’s safety belt systemnor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young childrenand
infants need the protectionthat a child restraint
system can provide. Always secure children
properly in yourvehicle. To read how, seethe
part of this manual called “Children” and see the
caution labelson the sunvisorsand the rightfront
passenger’s safety belt.
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows
AIR BAG.
How the Air Bag System Works
The system checks the air bag
electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light”
in the Index
for more information.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag
is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
The right-frontpassenger’s air bap is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s
side.
;&$Ix
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When an air baginflates, there is dust in theair.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people witha history of asthma or other
breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out assoon as it is safe to doso.
If you have breathing problems but
can’t get out’
of the vehicle after anair bag inflates, thenget
fresh airby opening awindow or door.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the
right front passenger air bag.
Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll needsome new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts.The service manualfor your
vehicle covers the need to replace other
parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readinessof the system, whenthe sensors
are activated and driver’s safety belt usage
at
deployment.
Let only qualified technmans worK on your
air bag system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly.
See your dealer
for service.
I NOTICE:
If you damage thecovering for the driver’sor the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, the bagmay not
work properly. You may have to replace the
air
bag module in the steering
wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel
for the
right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not openor
break the air bag
coverings.
1-26
B
If your vehicle ever gets into
a lot of water -- such as
water up to the carpeting or higher-- or if water enters
your vehicle andsoaks the carpet, the air bag controller
can be soaked and ruined.If this ever happens, and then
you start your vehicle, the damage could make the air
bags inflate, even if there’s no crash. You would have to
replace the air bags as wellas the sensors and related
parts. If your vehicle is ever in
a flood, or if it’s exposed
to water that soaks the carpet, you can avoid needless
repair costs by turning
off the vehicle immediately.
Don’t let anyone start the vehicle, even
to tow it, unless
the battery cables arefirst disconnected.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systemin several places
around your vehicle.You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle.
Your
dealer andthe Riviera Service Manual have information
about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.
To
purchase a service manual, see “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
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For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key
is
turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service.You
can be injured if you are close an
to air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably partof the air bag system. Be sure
to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
Center Passenger Position
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Lap Belt
If your vehicle hasa front split seat anda rear bench
seat, someone cansit in the center positions.
When yousit in a center seating position, you have
lapa
safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-28
To make the belt shorter, pullits free end as shown until
the beltis snug.
Buckle, position and release
it the s.ame way as thelap
part of .alap-shoulder belt.If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end
of this section.
Make surethe release buttonon the buckleis positioned
so you wouldbe able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever hadto.
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1. Pick up the latch plateand pull the beltwross YOU.
Don't let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate intothe buckle untilit clicks.
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If the belt stops before
it reaches the buckle, tilt the 3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt asyou pull up on the shoulder part.
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull upon the latch plate to make sure
it is secure.
If the beltis not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle
is positioned so you
would be ableto unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if
you ever had to.
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n
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The safety beltlocks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
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You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
The lap partof the belt should beworn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.
In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.
If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause
serious or evenfatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the
body are best able totake belt restraining forces.
1-31
Children
Smaller Children andBabies
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. Neither
the distance traveled nor theage and size of the traveler
changes the need,for everyone, to use safety restraints.
In fact, the law in everystate in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to so ; age
must be restrained while
in a vehicle.
I
Children who are up against, or
very close to, an
air bagwhen it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults and older children,
but not foryoung children and infants. Neither
the vehicle’s safety belt systemnor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children and
infants need the protection that a child restraint
system canprovide. Always secure children
properly in yourvehicle.
1-35
Smaller children and babies should
always be
restrained ina child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint
will say whether itis
the right type and
size for your child. A very
young child’s hip bonesare so small thata
regular belt might not stay
low on thehips, as it
should. Instead, the belt
will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the beltwould apply
force right on thechild’s abdomen, which could
cause seriousor fatal injuries.So, be sure that
any child small enough
for one is always properly
restrained in achild or infant restraint.
Infants need complete support, including support for
the
head and neck.This is necessary because an infant’s neck
is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the
rest of its body, In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
restraint settles into the reSbx.int, so the crash forces can
be
distributed acrossthe strongest part of the infant’s body,
the back and shoulders.A baby should be securedin an
appropriate infant restraint.This is so important that many
hospitals today won’t release
a newborn infantto its
parents unless there is an infant restraint available for the
baby’s first trip in a motor vehicle.
1-36
I
1
A rear-facing infant restraint(B) positions an infant
to face the rear of the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designed for infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and about oneyear of age. This type
of restraint faces the rearso that the infant’s head,
neck and body can have
the support they need in a
crash. Some infant seats come
in two parts -- the
base stays securedin the vehicle and theseat part
is removable.
1-39
A booster seat(F, G) is designed for children who
are about 40 to 60 lbs. (18 to 27 kg) and about
four to eight years
of age. It’s designed to improve
the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Booster
seats with shields use lap-only belts; however,
booster seats without shields use lap-shoulder
belts. Booster seats canalso help a childto see
out the window.
1-42
~~
When choosing a child restraint, besure the child
restraint is designed to be used in
a vehicle. If it is, it
will havea label saying thatit meets Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may
find these instructions onthe restraint itself orin a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system
in
your vehicle, butthe child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce
the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the
infant or child
restraint will show you how
to do that. Both the owner’s
manual and the child restraint instructions are important,
so if either one of these is not available, obtain
a
replacement copyfrom the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
A child ina rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back
of a
rear-facing child restraint would be very close to
the inflatingair bag. Alwayssecure a rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You may, however,secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat. Beforeyou secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always movethe
front passenger seat as far back asit will go. Or,
secure the child restraint in the rear seat.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrainedin the rear rather thanthe front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraintin the rear seat.Never put a rear-facing
child restraintin the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
1-43
r
A child ina child restraint in the centerfront seat
can be badlyinjured by the right front passenger
a child restraint
air bag if it inflates. Never secure
in the center front seat. It's alwaysbetter to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat. You may,
however, secure a forward-facing childrestraint
in the right front passenger seat,but only with
the seatmoved all theway back.
Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people
in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
If your child restraint has a top strap,
it should be
restraint in your vehicle-- even when no childis in it.
anchored. If you needto have an anchor installed, you
can ask your Buick dealer to put
it in €or you. If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
vou how to do it.
Lanadian law requires that child restraints have a top
strap, and that the strap be anchored.
1-44
Securing a Child Restrgint in a Re,ar
Outside ,Seat Position
1. Pat the restraint on the seat.
3. Tilt thelatch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoul.&r belt goes in front d the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt.Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and
as the
instructions say.
A child ina child restraint in the center front seat
can be badlyinjured by the right front passenger
air bag if it inflates. Never securea child restraint
in the center front seat. It’s alwaysbetter to
secure a child restraint in therear seat. You may,
however, secure a forward-facing childrestraint
in the right front passenger seat,but only with
the seat moved all theway back.
See the earlier part about the top
strap if the child
restraint has one.
6. Push and pull the child restraintin different
directions to be sure itis secure.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt.It will be ready towork for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Your vehicle hasa right front passenger air bag.
Never
put a rear-facing child restraint
in this seat. Here’s why:
I
A 1CAUTION:
A child in arearfacing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back of a
rearfacing child restraint would be very close to
the inflating air bag. Always securerearfacing
a
child restraint in the rear seat.
3. Pick up the latchplzate, and-funthe lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safetybelt through or
around the-restraiat. The child restm.int instructions
will show YOU how.
neck, put it be&d the child restraint.
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety .belts.
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.The
belt can’tproperly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children canbe crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only oneperson at a time.
L
What if a child is wearinga lap-shoulder belt,
but the child isso small that the shoulder belt is
very closeto the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the centerof the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt
still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crashthe child’s upper body
If the
would have the restraint that belts provide.
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear SafetyBelt Comfort Guides” in the Index. If
the childis so small that the shoulder beltis still
very close to the child’sface or neck, you might
want to placethe child in the center seat position,
the one that. has only a lap belt.
1-53
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
If the vehicle’s safetybelt will fasten around you, you
should useit.
Now .and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Lookfor any other
loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
But if a safety beltisn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s
free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear,so the
extender will be long enough
for you. The extender will
be just for you, andjust for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’tlet someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made tofit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safetybelt.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact
forces. If a belt is
torn orfrayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or brokenair bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-55
. ,
,
-.
..,-
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you ever see a labelon the driver’s orthe right front
passenger’s safety belt that says to replace the belt, be
sure to doso. Then the new belt will be there to help
protect
you in a collision. You would see this label on
If you’ve had a crash,
do you ---bed newbelts?
the belt near the latch plate.
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may meanyou will need to have safety belt
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs
may be necessary evenif the belt wasn’t being used at
the timeof the collision.
If your seat adjuster won’t work a€ter a crash, the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the to
seat
the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts.See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
1-56
k
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2- 1,4
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2-66
Keys
Leaving young children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons.
A chiId or others could be badly injured or
even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't
leave the keys ina vehicle with young children.
i
2-2
i
The ignition key is for
the ignition only.
i
Door Locks
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a isdoor
locked, the inside handlewon’t open it.
Outsiders caneasily enter through an unlocked
door when you slowdown or stop yourvehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’tlocked. Wear safetybelb
properly, lock your doors, andyou will be far
better off whenever you drive yourvehicle.
--
--
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your door key.
If your vehicle hasa theft-deterrent system and it is
activated, unlock the doors only with the key or
remote keyless entry system. This will avoid setting
off the alarm.
2-4
To lock the door from the inside, move the lock control
on the door forward.
To unlock the door, move the lock control toward the
rear of the vehicle. Thereis a red mark on the lock
control whichshows when the door is unlocked.
Central Door Unlocking System (Option)
If the driver’s door key is held
in the unlock position
for more than one second, all doors will unlock.
Power Door Locks
Door Ajar Reminder
Custon
.
g Your Memory Door Locks Feature
Veh ’ ’es are delivered programmedin Mode 3.
You can p ;ram the memory door locks feature to
To cm:ethemodes:
change tome following modes:
1. Close both doors andturn the ignition on. Keep both
doors closed throughout this procedure.
Mode Operation
0
No automaticdoorlockorunlock.
1
Alldoorsautomaticallylockwhenshiftedout
of PARK (P). No automatic door unlock.
2
Alldoorsautomaticallylockwhenshifted
out of PARK (P). Only the driver’s door
automatically unlocks when shifted
into
PARK (P).
3
Alldoorsautomaticallylockwhenshiftedout
of PARK (P). All doors automatically unlock
when shiftedinto PARK (P).
2. Press and hold LOCK on the driver’s power door
lock switch through Step
4.
3. Press the LOCK button on
the remote keyless entry
transmitter. The memory door locks will remain in
the current mode.
4. Press the LOCK buttonon the transmitter again.
Each time the transmitter’s LOCK button
is pressed,
the mode will advance by one, going from Mode
3
to 0 to 1, etc.
NOTE: The door locks will cycle according
to the mode
entered while customizing memory door locks. (Mode
“0” has no feedback.)
5. Release the power door lock switch. The memory door
locks will remainin the most recent mode selected.
This procedure changes the mode for only the
transmitter used to change this setting. The procedure
will need to be repeated €or the second transmitter.
Delayed Locking
This Personal Choicefeature lets the driver delay the
actual lockingof the vehicle. Whenthe power door
lock switch is pressed with the key removed from the
ignition and thedriver’s door open, a chime will sound
three times to signal that the lock delay mode is active.
When all doorshave been closed, the doors will lock
automatically afterfive seconds. If any door is opened
before this,the five-second timer will reset itself once
all the doors have been closed again.
Pressing the door lock switch twice within two seconds
will override thisfeature.
Personal Choice Programming
The delayed lockingfeature can be turned on or
off
for each driver’s remote keyless entry transmitter.
To turn the feature on:
1. Press and hold LOCK on thedriver’s power door
lock switch throughout this procedure. Both doors
will lock.
2. Press the UNLOCK button on the transmitter to
enter the programming mode. Thelock delay is
still off and both doors will remain locked.
3. Press the UNLOCK button onthe transmitter again.
Lock delay is now active and both doors will unlock.
4. Release the power door lock switch.
To turn this feature off, repeat this procedure.
This procedure changes the mode
for only the
transmitter used to change this setting.
The procedure
will need to be repeated
for the second transmitter.
Lockout Protection
The power door locks will not work
if the key isleft
in the ignition with the driver’s door open.
You can
override this feature by holding the power door
lock
switch for more than three seconds, unless
the engine
is running.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle,
take your keys, open your
door and setthe locks from the inside. Then get out and
close the door.
If your vehicle has a theft-deterrent system,see
“Universal Theft-Deterrent”in the Index.
2-7
Operation
Resynchronization
The driver’s door will unlock when UNLOCK is
pressed. If UNLOCK is pressed again within
five
seconds, both doors will unlock.
Pressing the UNLOCK
button will also illuminate the interior lamps.
See
“Illuminated Entry”in the Index. Both doors will
lock when LOCK is pressed.
If only the instant alarm button works, the transmitter
needs to be resynchronized to the receiver.
Do this by
pressing and holding both the LOCK and UNLOCK
buttons on the transmitterfor about eight seconds.You
must be within rangeof the vehicle.
The trunk will unlock whenthe trunk button is pressed
when theignition is off.The trunk button will also work
when the ignition is on, but only whilethe vehicle is in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Instant Alarm
When the button with the horn symbol the
on remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed,
the horn will sound
and the headlamps and taillamps will flash
for up to one
minute. This can be turnedoff by pressing the instant
alarm button again or by turning the ignition
on.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Universal
Theft-Deterrent feature, you may also turnoff the
instant alarmby unlocking the vehicle with a key.
Once the transmitter has been resynchronized, the horn
will chirp and the exterior lamps will flash once. The
system should now operate properly.
Remote Keyless Entry Personal Choice Features
The following listof features that are available
on your
vehicle can be programmed the
to driver’s preference
for each transmitter.
0
0
0
Memory Door Locks:This feature programs your
door locks to automatically lock or unlock when
shifting in and out of PARK (P).
Security Feedback:This feature provides feedback
to the driver when the vehicle receives
a command
from the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Delayed Locking:This feature lets the driver delay
the actual lockingof the vehicle. When all doors
have been closed, the doors will
lock automatically
after five seconds.
2-9
Periineter Lighting: When the UNLOCK button
on the transmitteris pressed, the headlamps, parking
lamps, back-up lamps and cornering lamps will
turn
on indark conditions.
Memory Seat and Mirrors:This feature programs
to a set
your driver’s seat and outside mirrors
memory position when theUNLOCK button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed.
For more detailed information and programming
instructions, refer to the Index
for each individual
feature listed above.
Security Feedback
This personal choice feature provides feedback to the
driver when the vehicle receives a command from the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The following modes
may be selected:
2-10
ModeSecurityFeedback
0
1
No response when locking or
unlocking vehicle.
No response when locking; headlamps,
parking lamps and cornering lamps (if
equipped) flash when unlocking vehicle.
2
Headlamps, parking lamps and Cornering
lamps (if equipped) flash when locking;
no response when unlocking vehicle.
3
Headlamps, parking lamps and cornering
lamps (if equipped) flash when locking and
when unlocking vehicle.
4
Headlamps, parkinglamps and cornering
lamps (if equipped) flash and horn
chirps when locking; no response when
unlocking vehicle.
5
Headlamps, parking lamps and cornering
lamps (if equipped) flash and
horn chirps
when locking; exterior lamps flash when
unlocking vehicle.
Vehicles are delivered programmed in Mode
5. To
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
change to another mode, the ignition must be off. Then:
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
1. Turn the ignition key toOFF.
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitteris lost or stolen, a replacement can be
2. Press and holdLOCK on the driver’s power door
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
lock switch throughoutthe procedure.
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
3. Press the trunk button onthe transmitter to enter the
your dealer. Whenthe dealer matchesthe replacement
programming mode.The transmitter will remain in
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
its current mode.
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded
the
new
transmitter,
the
lost
transmitter
will
not
unlock
your
Each time the trunk
4. Press the trunk button again.
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
button is pressed, the horn will chirp and
the
matched toit.
transmitter will advance to the next mode.
See your dealer to match additional transmitters to
5 . Release the power door lock switch.
your vehicle.
This procedure changes the mode
for only the
transmitter usedto change this setting.The procedure
Battery Replacement
will need to be repeated
for the second transmitter.
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
You can tellthe battery is weakif the transmitter won’t
work at the normalrange in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the trslnsmitter works,
it’s probably time to change
the battery.
2-11
To replace the battery:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
For battery replacement, use a Duracell@ battery, type
DL-2032, or a similar type.
I NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not
to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
2-12
Trunk
Trunk Lock Release
n
To unlock the trunkfrom the outside, turn the lock cover
to expose the key hole. Insert the door key and it.turn
Remote Trunk Release
It can be dangerous todrive with the trunk lid
open becausecarbon monoxide (CO) gascan
come into your vehicle. You can’t seeor smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousnessand even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid openor if
electrical wiringor other cable connections must
pass through the seal betweenthe body and the
trunk lid:
Make sure all windows are shut.
0 Thrn the fan on your heatingor cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outsideair into
your vehicle. See“Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all
the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Press theTRUNK release
button located below the
driver’s door handle to
release the trunklid. The
trunk will openif the
transaxle isin PARK (P)
and if the trunk security
release is not in the
off position.
If you have the remote keyless entry system,
it also will
unlock your trunkif the ignitionis off, or if the ignition
is on and the transaxle is in
PARK (P).
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
Theft
Vehicle theftis big business, especiallyin some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put
on it can make
it impossible to steal. However,there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with
the keys inside, it’s an
easy target forJoy riders or professional thieves
-- so
don’t doit.
With the ignition off and the driver’s door open, you’ll
hear a chime reminding you to remove your key from
the ignition and takeit with you. Always do this.
Your
steering wheel will be locked, and
so will your ignition
and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
The trunk release lockout switch
in the glove box allows
you to secure items in the trunk. Move the trunk release
Parking at Night
switch off, lock the glove box and take the key with you.
Now the trunk release on the driver’s door will not openPark in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out
of sight.
the trunk.
Put themin a storage area,or take them with you.
Trunk Security Override
The remote keyless entry transmitter will open the trunk
is off.
even if the trunk release lockout switch
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
to lock it up and take your keys.
your vehicle, it’s best
But what if you have leave
to your ignitionkey?
SECURITY
This light remindsyou to
activate the theft-deterrent
system. Here’s how todo it:
If possible, park in a busy, well lit area.
0
Put your valuables in astorage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure to close and lock
the storage area.
1. Open the door.
Close all windows.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or
remote keyless entry system.
The SECURITY light
should come onand stay on.
0
Move the trunk release lockout switch toOFF.
0
Lock the glove box.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
Universal Theft-Deterrent (Option)
If your vehicle has this option,
it has a theft-deterrent
alarm system. With this system,
if your ignition isoff,
the SECURITY light will flashas you open the door.
3. Close both doors. The SECURITY light should go
off after about 30 seconds. The security system is
not armed untilthe SECURITY lightis off. If the
SECURITY light stays on or flashes when the
ignition is turned on, there is a problem with the
system and the vehicle should be serviced.
If the SECURITY light comes on forone minute and
then shuts off while the ignitionis on, the security
system has detected a problem with
itself. See your
dealer for service.
2-15
-
If a door orthe trunk is opened without the key
or
remote keyless entry system, the alarm will go
off.
It will alsogo off if the trunk lock or door locks
are
damaged. Your vehicle’s lamps will flash and the horn
will soundfor one minute, then will go off to save
battery power.
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the driver’s
window and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t be activated power doorlock switch while the dooris open, or
if you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
lock. It only activates if you use a power door lock
3. Get out of the car, close the door and wait
for the
switch or remote keyless entry system.
You should also
SECURITY light to go out.
remember that you can start
your vehicle with the
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the door
correct ignition keyif the alarm has been setoff, but this
with the manual door lock and open the door.
This
does not shut off the alarm.
should set off the alarm.
Here’s how to avoid setting
off the alarm by accident:
If the alarm does not sound when
it should, but the
If you don’t want to activate the theft-detei-rent
vehicle’s lamps flash, check to
see if the horn works.
system, lock the door either using a key or the
The horn fuse may be blown.
To replace thefuse, see
manual door lock switch.
“Fuses andCircuit Breakers” in the Index.
Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
keyless entry system. Unlocking a door any other
way will set off the
alarm.
I f you set ofSthe alarm by accident, unlock either door
with your key.
You can also turnoff the alarm by pressing UNLOCK
on the remote keyless entry transmitter. The alarm won’t
stop if you try to unlock a door any other way.
2-16
If the alarm does not sound,or the vehicle’s lamps do
not flash, the vehicle should be serviced an
by
authorized service center.
PASS-Key@I1
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key 11
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key I1 is a passive
theft-deterrent system.
It works when you insert
or remove the key from
the ignition.
PASS-Key I1 uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-KeyII system senses that someoneis
using the wrong key, it shutsdown the vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. For aboutthree minutes, the starter
won’t work andfuel won’t go to the engine.If someone
tries to start your vehicle again or uses another key
during this time,the vehicle will not start. This
discourages someone from randomly trying different
keys with different resistor pellets in an attempt
to
make a match.
The ignition key mustbe clean and dry before it’s
inserted in the ignition or the engine
may not start.If the
engine does not start and the SECURITY light comes
on, the key may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about three minutes and try
again. The SECURITY lightmay remain on during this
time. If the starter still won’t work, and the key appears
to be clean and dry, wait aboutthree minutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse(see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”
in the
Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your
vehicle needs service.If your vehicle does start, the first
ignition key may be faulty. See your dealer or a
locksmith who can service
the PASS-Key II.
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work. The
SECURITY light will flash too. But you don’t have to
wait three minutes before trying another ignition key.
See your dealer or a locksmith who
can service the
PASS-Key I1 to have a new keymac
2-17
_-
Ignition Positions
The key with the black plastic head operates the
ignition lock.
LOCK (B): This is the only positionin which
you can removethe key. This position locks your
ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s
a
theft-deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position lets you turnoff the engine
C
A
but still turn the steering wheel.
It doesn’t lock the
steering wheellike LOCK and it doesn’t send any
electrical power to the accessories. Use
OFF if you
must have your vehiclein motion while the engine is
not running.
E
RUN (D): This is an on position that the switch returns
to afteryou start your engine and release the switch.
This is the position for driving. Even when
the engine
is not running, you can use RUN to operate your
electrical power accessories and to display some
instrument panel warninglights.
START (E): This position starts your engine. When the
engine starts, releasethe key. The ignition switch will
With the ignition key inthe ignition switch, you can turn return to RUNfor normal driving.
the switch to five different positions:
ACCESSORY (A):This is an on position in which you
can operate your electrical power accessories. Press
the
ignition kev in as you turn
the top of it toward you.
2-19
I NOTICE:
-1
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and
you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correctkey; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and rightwhile you turn the
key hard. But turn the
key only with your hand.
Using a tool to forceit could break thekey or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
Retained Accessory Power
After you turn the ignition to
OFF and remove the key,
for about 10 minutes, you will have electrical power
to such accessories asthe radio, power windowsand
astroroof (if equipped). If you open a door, the retained
accessory poweris shut off.
Always leave your key in LOCK.
If your leave your
key in any other position thanLOCK, your battery will
discharge prematurely.
2-20
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever toPARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t startin any other position-- that’s a
safety feature.To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift PARK
to
(P) if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift toPARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
I
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Holding your keyin START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained muchsooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter
motor.
Your engine is designed to workwith the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change theway
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your
dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform
properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual thattells how to do it
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle’’ in theIndex.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key
in
START for about threeto five seconds at a time until
your engine starts. Wait about
15 seconds between
each try to helpavoid draining your battery or
damaging your starter.
~
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holdingit there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but thenstops again, do the same thing, but
thisitime keep the pedal down
for five or six seconds.
This clears the extra gasoline
from the engine.
After waiting about 15 seconds, repeat the normal
starting procedure.
2-21
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
’
I
In very cold weather,0 O F (- 18 C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll
get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should
be plugged in a minimumof
four hours priorto starting your vehicle.
O
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-voltAC outlet.
-2-22
i
ugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could causean electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheatand cause
a fire. You could beseriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cordwon’t reach, use
a heavy-duty three-prongextension cord rated
for at least 15 amps.
4, Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as
it was before to keepit away
from moving engine parts.If you don’t,it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of
trying tolist everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealerin the area where you’ll
be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice
for
that particular area.
Automatic Transaxle Operation
There are several different positionsfor your shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks yourfront wheels. It’s
the best positionto use when youstart your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
It is dangerous toget out of your vehicle if
shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured.To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
PARK (P).
move the shift lever to
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in theIndex. If
you’re pullinga trailer, see “Towing a Trailer’’ in
the Index.
Ensure the shift leveris fully inPARK (P) range before
starting the engine.Your vehicle has a brake-transaxle
shift interlock.You have to fully appZy your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) whenthe
ignition is in RUN.
2-23
REVERSE (R): Use this gearto back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE(R)while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE(R)only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth
to get outof snow.
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud,Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, you! ngine doesn’t
connect withthe wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, useNEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicleis being towed.
2-24
Shifting outof PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
while your engine is “racing” (running at high
speed) is dangerous. Unless your foot is fiimly on
the brakepedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit
people or
objects. Don’t shift outof PARK (P)or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engineis racing.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused
by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
I
(a):
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
This position is
for normal driving.If you need more powerfor passing,
and you’re:
Going less than approximately35 mph (55 km/h),
push your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
0
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next
gear and have more power.
THIRD (3): This positionis also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower
fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(@).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD
(3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(a):
0 When driving on hilly, windingroads,
0
0
When towing a trailer, so thereis less shifting
between gears, or
When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power
but lowerfuel economy than AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (@)or THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills.It can help control your speed
as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than 25 miles
(41 km), or at speeds over 55 mph (88 km/h), or
you can damage your transaxle. Use AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (0)
or THIRD (3) as much
as possible.
(2) unIess y6u iWe=going
Don’t shift into SECOND
slower than65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
2-25
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, orin deep snow ormud. If
the selector leveris put in FIRST (1)’ the transaxle
won’t shift intoFIRST (1) until the vehicleis going
slowly enough.
Parking Brake
NOTICE:
If your frontwheels can’t rotate,don’t try to
if you were stuck in
drive. This might happen
very deep sandor mud orwere up againsta solid
object. You could damage yourtransaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there withonly the accelerator
pedal. This could overheatand damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P)
to hold yourvehicle in position on a hill.
Setting the parking brake:Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot. Push down the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
If the ignitionis on, the
brake system warning light will come
an and a single
chime will be heard.
The parking brake uses the brakes
on the rear wheels.
2-26
I
Releasing the parking brake:You will need to use the
PUSH TO RELEASE parking brake pedal. Hold the
regular brake pedal down and push
the parking brake
pedal with yourleft foot. This will unlock
the pedal.
When you lift your left foot, the parking brake pedal
will followit to the release position.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
It can be dangerous toget out of your vehicle if
11 ; 1 try to drive off withthe parking brake on, the
the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
b r a e light stays on and a chime sounds until you release
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll. If
the parking brakeor recycle the ignition.
you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others couldbe injured.
To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even when
NOTICE:
you’re on fairlylevel ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re puIling a trailer,see “Towing a
Driving withthe parking brakeon can cause
Railer” in theIndex.
your rear brakesto overheat. You may haveto
replace them, and you could alsodamage other
parts of your vehicle.
Steering Column Shift Lever
If you are towing a trailer andare parking on a hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” inthe Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your rightfoot and
set the parking brake by pushing down the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
2-27
2. Move the shift lever interPARK (P)like this:
Move the lever upas far as it will go.
Pull the lever toward you.
2-28
3. Turn the ignition keyto LOCK.
4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicleis in PARK (P).
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
0
Hold in the button on the lever.
0
Push the lever all the way toward the front of
your vehicle.
4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key
in your
hand, your vehicleis in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle Withthe
Engine Running
,
rCrATJTTC)IN*
It can be dangerous to
1eav;e you’r vehicle with the
‘engine running.Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shiftlever is not fullyin PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly
set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running,it could
overheat andeven catch fire. You or otherscould
be injured.Don’t leave yourvehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
2-29
Parking Over Things That Burn
, .
En.g2reExhaust
/?
l...l....l.
..-
*
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
I
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
It can be dangerous to
get out of your vehicle if
ever haveto, here : some things toknow.
the shiftlever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brakefirmly set. Your vehiclecan roll.
‘2 .. . .
.:. . . . p;
; !,;= - !
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is ,
y&.
.tr’;*
bf?,L:’
.
il
..’
W’” running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
Idling the engine with thecli ate contl
You or others couldbe injured. To be sure your
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
vehicle won’t move, evenwhen you’re on fairly
your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under
level ground, always set your parking brake and
“Engine Exhaust”).
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Also, idling in aclosed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO)into yourvehicle even if
Follow the proper stepsto be sure your vehicle won’t
the fanswitch is at the highest setting. One place
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
If you are parking ona hill and if you’re pullinga
CO can come in easily. NEVER park ina
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.(See
“Blizzard” in theIndex.)
’
;
I
‘‘4
._I.
1
i
:,*.
~
:.
.-
.
.:,
,,
I’
~
--
2-32
--
.
1
Express-Down Wmdow
Switches on the driver's asmrest control each of the
windows while the ignitionis on or retained accessory
power is active. In addition, the passenger's door
armrest has a switch for its own window.
To lower the passenger's window,pull back=onthe fight
switch. The windowwill lower as long as the switch.is
held. To raise either window, push the switch forward.
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow
you to signala turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move thelever all the way up or
down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold
it there until you
complete your lane change.
The lever will return by
itself when you releaseit.
If a bulb is burnedout, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrowsdon’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check thefuse and checkfor burned-out
bulbs. See “Fuses andCircuit Breakers” in the Index.
n r n Signal Reminder
If your turn signal isleft on for more than 3/4 of a mile,
a chime will sound.To turn off the chime, move the turn
signal lever to the
off position.
Headlamp HighLow Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam high
to or
high to low, pullthe turn signal lever toward you.
Then releaseit.
When the high beams
are on, this light on the
instrument panel will
also be on.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
don’t flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be
burned out and other drivers won’tsee your turn signal.
2-35
'Windshield W1pcrs
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the bandl away
:WASHER.
FLUID L o w
When the vehicle hasa low
fluid condition, the LOW
WASHER FLUID light will
come on to remind you to
getmorewasher fluid soon.
Cruise Control
I
In freezing weather, don't use your washer until
the windshieldis warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid canhrrn ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
I
really .help on long
trips.
I
To get morefluid on the windshield, pushandhold
the paddle. Spraying will continue as
long as the
paddle is held.
Cruise control does not work
at speeds belowabcmt
25 mph (40 km/h).
2-37
I
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
Setting Cruise Control
I
If you leave your cruise controlswitch on when
Cruise control can be dangerous whereyou
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads,
fast changes
in tire traction can cause
needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery
roads.
~
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
traction control system begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control will automatically disengage. (See
“Traction Control System” in the Index.) When road
conditions allow youto safely use it again, you
may
turn the cruise control back
on.
2-38
you’re not using cruise,you might hita button
and go into cruisewhen you don’t want to. You
could be startled andeven losecontrol. Keep the
cruise controlswitch off until you want touse it.
1. Move the cruise control switch toON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in theSET button at the endof the lever and
release it. TheCRUISE light on the instrument
panel will come on.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting the cruise control
at a desired speed and then
applying the brake will end
the cruise control function.
Once you’re going about25 mph (40 W h ) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch
from ON to
R/A (Resume/Accelerate) briefly to reset. This returns
you to your desired presetspeed.
To increase your speedin very small amounts, move
the switch to R/Afor less than half a second and then
release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go
about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after
you have set
the cruise control speedby pushing the SET button.
Reducing SpeedW1~”:Using Cruise Control
If you holdthe switch at R/A longer than half a second, There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
the vehicle will accelerate until you release
the switch or
cruise control:
apply the brake.So unless you want to go faster, don’t
Push in the button at the end
of the lever until you
hold the switch atR/A.
reach a desired lower speed then release it.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
0 To slow down in very small amounts, push the
There are two ways to
go to a higher speed:
button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll go
1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
0 Use the accelerator pedal togo to a higher speed.
Push the SET button at the end
of the lever, then
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll
now cruise at the higher speed. Or,
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
0 Move the cruise switch from ON to WA. Hold it
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
there until you reach a desired speed and then
release the switch.
2-39
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Exterior Lamps
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness
of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down.Of course, applying the brake
takes you outof cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn
off the cruise control:
0
Step lightly on the brake pedal, or
Move the cruise switch to OFF. The CRUISE light
will also go out.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turnoff the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory
is erased.
Headlamps
-;g-This switch controls these systems:
Headlamps
Taillamps
ParkingLamps
License Plate Lamps
2-40
0
SidemarkerLamps
Daytime Running Lamps
0
Instrument Panel Lights
Daytime Running Lamps(DRL) can makeit easier
for others to see the front
of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpfulin many digerent driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
Interior Courtesy Lamps
A light sensor on top
of the instrument panel makes
the DRL work,so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps
come on at reduced brightness
in daylight when:
0
The ignition is on,
Pull the knob toward you to
the first setting to turn on
0 The headlamp switch is off and
the parking lamps and other operating lamps without the
0 The transaxle is not in PARK (P).
headlamps. Pullthe knob toward you to the second
When DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps
setting to turn on the headlamps as well as the other
will be on. The parking lamps, taillamps, sidemarker
operating lamps.
and other lamps won’t be on.
Your instrument panel
Rotate the knobfrom left to right to control brightness
won’t be lit up either.
of the instrument panel lights.
When it’s dark enough outside, your high-beam
Lamps On Reminder
headlamps will turnoff and your low-beam and parking
If the headlamp switchis left on, you’ll hear a warning lamps will become active. The other lamps that come on
with your headlamps will also come on. When it’s bright
chime when you turn the ignition
off, remove the key
enough outside, the regular lamps will go off, and your
from the ignition and open the driver’s door.
high-beam headlamps change to
the reduced brightness
of DRL.
2-41
To idle your vehicle with the DRL
off, shift the
transaxle intoPARK (P). The DRL will stayoff until
you shift outof PARK (P).
To turn off all exterior lampsat night when youare
in PARK (P), turn off the headlamps and move the
twilight sentinel control, located on the lower area
of
the headlamp switch, allthe way toward AUTOMIN.
When released, the spring control will return to the
twilight sentinel minimum de€ay position, and
all
exterior lamps will turn
off.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need
it.
Cornering Lamps (Option)
The cornering lampsare designed to come on when
you signal aturn. This will provide morelight for
cornering at night.
Twilight St- tine1
~~
1
Twilight sentinel urns your neaalamps, taillamps and
parking lamps on and off by sensing how dark it is
outside. The control is located on the lower area
of
the headlamp switch.
off.
To operate this feature, leave the headlamp switch
The vehicle’s twilight sentinel is always enabled.
Twenty-three seconds after entering a darkened
environment, the headlamps and parkmg lamps will
turn on. If the ignition is turnedon at night, the exterior
lamps will come on.
To turn off all exterior lamps
at night when you are
in PARK (P), turn offthe headlamps and move the
twilight sentinel control, located on the lower area
of the
headlamp switch, all the way toward AUTO
MIN. When
released, the spring control will return to the twilight
sentinel minimum delay position, and all exterior lamps
will turn off.
If you move the control all the way
to AUTO MAX,
your lamps will remain onfor three minutes after you
turn off your engine. If you move the control toward
AUTO MIN, the lamps will go off quickly when you
turn off your engine.You can set this delay time for only
a few secondsor up to three minutes.
Light Sensor
Your twilight sentinel and daytime running lamps work
with the light sensor on top
of the instrument panel.
Don’t coverit up. If you do, it will read “dark” and the
headlamps will comeon.
2-42
I
Interior Lamps
Parade Dimming
Instrument Panel Brightness
This feature prohibits the dimming
of your instrument
panel displays during daylight while your headlamps
are
on. Thisfeature operates with thelight sensor for the
twilight sentinel andis fully automatic. When thelight
sensor reads darkness outside, you will
be able to dim
your instrument panel displays once again.
By rotating the headlamp knob you can make the
instrument panel lights bright or
dim. See “Headlamps”
in the Index.
Courtesy Lamps
When any dooris opened, several lamps go on. They
make it easy for you to enter and leavethe car. To turn
on these lamps without opening the door,
rotate the
headlamp knob tothe right.
Delayed Entry Lighting
When you openthe door to enter your vehicle, the
interior lamps will comeon. When you close the door
with the ignition off, the interior lamps will stay onfor
25 seconds or untilthe ignition is turned to an on
position. Please note that locking the doors will override
the delayed entry lighting feature and thelamm will turn
off right away.
Delayed Exit Lighting
With this feature, the interior lamps will come on for
25 seconds afteryou remove the key from the ignition.
This will give you time to find the door pull handle or
lock switches when you exit the vehicle.
Illuminated Entry
Press the UNLOCK button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter andthe interior courtesy lamps will come on
and stay onfor up to a minute. The lamps willturn off
immediately when pressingthe LOCK button on the
transmitter, startingthe ignition or activating the power
door locks.
Theater Dimming
This feature allows for a three to five-second fade out
of the courtesy larnps insteadof immediate turnoff.
2-43
-
Perimeter Lighting
To turn the feature on:
This is a Personal Choice feature
of your vehicle,
1. Turn the ignition key toOFF.
When theUNLOCK button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is pressed, the headlamps, parking lamps,
back-up lamps and cornering lamps will come onit ifis
dark enough outside accordingto the twilight sentinel.
2. Press and hold LOCK on the driver’s power door
lock switch throughout this procedure. All doors
will lock.
This option can be programmed
on or off for each
driver’s transmitter.
3. Press the instant alarm button
on the transmitter.
Perimeter lighting remainsoff at this time and the
horn will chirp one time.
To turn the featureoff
4. Press the instant alarm button on the transmitter
1. Turn the ignition key to
OFF.
2. Press and hold LOCK on
the driver’s power door
lock switch throughoutthis procedure. All doors
will lock.
3. Press the instant alarm button on the transmitter.
Perimeter lighting remains on at this time and the
horn will chirp two times.
4. Press the instant alarm button on the transmitter
again. Perimeter lightingis disabled and the horn
will chirp one time.
The perimeter lighting
5 . Release the door lock switch.
option is now off.
2-44
again. Perimeter lightingis now enabled and the
horn will chirp two times.
5 . Release the door lock switch. The perimeter
lighting optionis now on.
This procedure changesthe mode for only the
transmitter used to change
this setting. The procedure
will need to be repeated
for the second transmitter.
Front Reading Lamps
Trunk Lamp
When you open the trunkto its full open position, a
lamp will come on insidethe trunk. This lamp will
automatically turn off when the trunk is closed.
Battery Rundown Protection
This feature automatically shutsoff the interior lamps
if any areleft on for more than 10 minutes whenthe
ignition is off. This will keep your battervfrom
running down.
These lamps andthe interior courtesy lamps will come
on when you open a door, and turn
off when you turn
the ignition on.To turn on the reading lamps when the
doors are closed, pressthe button behind the lamp you
want on. Pressit again to turn the lampoff.
This feature also shuts
off the exterior lampsif they are
left on for more than 10 minutes when the ignition isoff.
You may override this featurefor the exterior lampsby
turning the lamps off and then back on after the ignition
is turned to off.If you do this, the exterior lamps will
stay on until you manually turn them
off.
If the featureis enabled for the interior and exterior
lamps, all lamps should turn
off at approximately the
same time.
2-45
Mirror Operation
The right sideof the switch located atthe bottom of the
off. To
mirror turns the electrochromic mirror on and
turn on the automatic dimming feature, press
MIRROR.
To turn off automatic dimming, pressMIRROR again.
The green indicator light will be illuminated when this
feature is active.
2-48
Compass Operation
Press the COMPASS switch once to turn the compass
on oroff.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes
for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds, the
mirror will display the compass heading.
If, after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (“N’ for North, for example), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the
compass. Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic
note pad holder
or a similar magnetic item.
Compass Variance
The mirror is setin zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust
the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance
is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to accountfor compass variance,
your compass could givefalse readings.
2-49
,
.
Praer
Remote Control Mirror
mirrors
inner switch is in the center position, the
cannot be adjusted.
r vehicle may be equipped with the memory
function. These mirror positions, along with the driver
s
seat cushion position, can be stored into memory.
See
“Memory Seats and Mirrors” in the Index.
I
Automatic Dimming Outside Rearview
Mlirror (Option)
If you have this option, the driver’s side outside mirror
will adjustfor the glareof headlamps behind you. This
feature is controlledby the on andoff settings on the
automatic electrochromicdayhight rearview mirror. See
“Automatic ElectrochromicDaymight Rearview
Mirror” earlier in this section.
Your vehicle hasan electric mirror control located on
the driver’s door armrest.
Move the inner switch to the right
(R) or left (L) to
choose either the driver’s or passenger’s side mirror.
Press anyof the four arrow buttons to move
the mirror
in the direction desired.
Adjust each-mirrorso you can see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle. When the
2-50
Parallel Park Assist Mirror (Option)
The passenger’s outside rearview mirror also includes a
tilt-down feature that operates when the shift
lever is in
reverse. This feature assists the driver with improved
rear obstacle detection.
To enable this feature, move the power remote mirror
switch to the left(L) or center position. Move the switch
to the right (R)to turn this feature off.
.
. ._. ,., ,...
Convex Outside Mirror
Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex.A convex
mirror’s surface is curvedso you can see more from
the driver’s seat.
Glove Box
Use the door keyto lock and unlockthe glove box.To
open, pull the latch on thefront of the glove box door.
Installing a Garage Door Opener
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane,
you
could hit a vehicle
on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
~~
Heated Outside Rearview Mirror
When you operate therear window defogger, a defogger
also warms the heated driver’s and passenger’s outside
rearview mirrors to help clear them
of ice and snow.
The garage door opener storage area
is located in the
headliner near the reading lamps.
The following chart
and instructions will help you install your garage door
opener in the overhead storage area.
2-51
P
1. Push the extended tab (above theGARAGE button)
or insert a screwdriver between the tab and outer
edge of the cover.The garage door opener cover will
flip down.
2. Remove the square height adaptersfrom the cover.
Refer to the chart to determine the number and
location of the height adaptersfor your garage door
opener. If your unit does not appear on the chart, you
will have totry different adapter number and
location combinations.
LINEAR
ET-2
1
6
4
LINEAR
D22B
1
6
3
2
6
3
2-52
r
Your Garage Door Transmitter
I
Name
--
I Vehicle Console Door
3033
LINEAR
D4B
~~~
3
I
3
I
1
3
1
10
3
I
ESP-T-9
1
2
2
MULTIELMAC4
1048
1
8
MULTIELMAC
1087
1
3
3
4
MULTIELMAC6
3060
1
MULTIELMAC
1098
1
3
1
6
3
MULTIELMAC
3089
1
4
3
MULTI ELMAC
3070
MULTIELMAC
3032
MULTIELMAC
L
1054
I
6
1
1
6
2
I
4
3
2
6
3
1
6
3
-
-
5
2
5
2
~~
61
1
3
3
3010
I
6
4
3
1
3
13
~~
4
ESP-T-9R
3
4
3
-t
I VehicleConsoleDoor I
Model
Name
Model
1
-lI
Your Garage Door Transmitter
6
MULTIELMAC
7
2
OVERHEAD
DOOR
1 -BTN 223
1
1 OR 10
3
OVERHEAD
DOOR
2-BTN 265
1
10
3
OVERHEAD
DOOR
3-BTN 242
1
10
3
2
10
3
OVERHEAD
DOOR
3
4-BTN 232
1
1
3
3
I
I
3
I
1
1
10
I
3
I
1
--I
~
4
PULSAR
92 1
1
PULSAR
931
1
3
4
I
4
I
3
I
Vehicle Console Door
3
9
1
1
3
3
.
3. Place the height adapterson the proper peg using the
suggested combinations or by lining up the height
adapters and the transmitter button on your garage
door opener.
1
I
4
3
2
4
STANLEY
1047
1050
1076
STANLEY
STANLEY
I
STANLEY
I
STANLEY
1
STANLEY
2-54
I
1
1
5
1
1
1
2
6
6
6
~
~~
1
1079
2
1075
1
6
3
2
6
3
I
1
I
6
I
3
3
4
2
1
I
5
l
6
l
7
4. Use the Velcro@ found in the storage area and
attach the garage door opener securely inside the
console. Line up the transmitter button with
the
height adapters.
~~
6
6
331-1052
I
I
2
3
3
3
3
3
I
5. Close the cover and test theGARAGE button.
If your garage door opener doesn’t work after
it is
installed, try another combination.
Front Storage Armrest
I
Center Console Cupholder
Compact Disc Storage
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp
turns or
quick starts and stops. For heavier loads, store them in
the trunk as far forward as you can.
There are six retainers to secure the convenience net,
allowing two different placementsfor the net. You can
unhook the netso that it will lie flat when you’re not
using it. When reinstalling the net, make surethe label
points toward the upper retainer.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Front Ashtray
The front ashtray is behind a panel above
the compact
disc storage area. Press on the panel door to reveal the
ashtray and cigarette lighter.
The area between the ashtray and cupholder is additional The front center ashtray may be liftedfor
outcleaning.
storage spacefor your compact discs.h s h on the raised
Press the tabs on each side
of the ashtray and pull up to
portion of the slot, and your compact disc will extend
remove. It snaps back into place.
from the storage space. Push
the dropped door backin to
store your compact disc.
Rear Ashtray
Convenience Net
Your vehicle has a convenience net.
You’ll see it just
inside the back wall
of the trunk.
2-56
To remove the rear ashtrayfor cleaning, open the lid and
ease the ashtray upward until the edge be
cangrasped to
pull the ashtray up andout,
Cigarette Lighter
Accessorv Power Outlet
To use me cigarette lighter, push
it all the way in andlet
it go. When it is hot, it will pop back by itself.
An auxiliary power receptacle
is located on the lower
right side of the console. When the ignition on,
is you
can plug in accessories requiring electrical power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle does not have
a console, the auxiliary
power receptacle is oppositethe cigarette lighterin
the ashtray area.
If you hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating, it won’t be able to back away Garment Hooks
from the heating element when it’s ready. This
Rear garment hooks are available
for your .convenience.
can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and Garment hooks are not designed
to support clothing
the heating element.
bars. Use assist strapsfor this if possible.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors.
You
can also remove them
from the center mount and swing
them to the side, whilethe auxiliary visor remains to
block out glare from the front.
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirror
This mirror is onthe larger of the passenger’s sun
visors. It may also be on the larger
of the dnver’s sun
visors. When you openit, the lamps turnon. The
brightness of the lamps canbe adjusted by sliding the
switch up or down.
Rear License Plate Holder
To use it, open the trum lid and slide your license plate
into the slot. Always close the trunk to prevent theft
of
the plate.
Cellular Telephone (Option)
If your vehicleis equipped withthe cellular telephone
readiness package,it has been pre-wiredfor installation
of a cellular telephone.If you choose toinstall a cellular
telephone, contact your dealer.
2-57
OnStar System (Option)
This system may be ordered if you have the optional
fixed cellular telephone. The following services are
available 24 hours a day:
Roadside Service with Location
Emergency Services Button
Remote Door Unlock
Astroroof (Option)
If your vehicle has the
astroroof option, the switch
is on the roof between the
sun visors. It will open the
astroroof when the ignition
is on, or when retained
accessory poweris active.
Theft DetectiordNotification andStolen-\k h.icle
Tracking
Auto--_.
: Notification
of Air Bag Deployment
To fully open the glass panel and sunshade, press the
switch rearward and release.To stop the panel in a
For more information, contact your dealer.
partially open position, press the switch again at the
desired point.To continue to open fully, press the
Assist Handles
switch rearward again and release.The sunshade can
An assist handle above each door can be used to help be opened manually.
you get in or outof your vehicle.
To close the glass panel, press and hold the switch
forward. The sunshade mustbe manually closed.
Concierge/Customer Conveniences Services
Once the astroroof is closed,
it can be opened to a vent
position. Press the switch forward to vent.
To close,
press the switch rearward.
2-58
Universal Transmitter (Option)
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
l k s device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1)this device may not cause interference, and(2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference
that may cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
Programming the Transmitter
This transmitter allows you to consolidate the functions of
up to three individual hand-held transmitters. It will
operate garage doors and gates, or other devices controlled
by radio frequency suchas home/office lighting systems.
The transmitter will learn and transmit
the frequencies
of most current transmitters and is powered
by your
vehicle’s battery and charging system.
Do not use the universal transmitter with any garage
door opener thatdoes not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April1, 1982.
e sure that people and objects are
cl- - c of the garage
door you are programming.
2-59
Your velucle’s engine should be turned
off while
programming your transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. If you have previously programmed a universal
transmitter channel, proceed to Step
2. Otherwise,
hold down the two outside buttons on
the universal
transmitter until the red light beginsflash
to rapidly
(approximately 20 seconds). Then releasethe
buttons. This procedure initializesthe memory and
erases any previous settingsfor all three channels.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held transmitter against
the bottom surfaceof the universal transmitterso
that you can stillsee the red light.
3. Decide which oneof the three channels you want
to program. Using both hands, press the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired button on the
universal transmitter. Continue to hold both buttons
through Step 4.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the red
light on the universal transmitter flash slowly then
rapidly. The rapid flashing, which could take up to
90 seconds, indicates thatthe universal transmitter
has been programmed. Release both buttons three
seconds after the light starts to flash rapidly.
If you have trouble programming the universal
transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
directions exactly as described and that the batteries
in
the hand-held transmitter are not dead.
If you still
cannot programit, rotate your hand-held transmitter
end over end and try again.
The universal transmitter
may not be compatible with a limited number
of older
installations due to legislated changes in transmission
frequencies. If you cannot programthe transmitter after
repeated attempts, consult your dealer.
Be sure to keep your original hand-held transmitter in case
you need to erase and reprogram the universal transmitter.
Note to Canadian Owners: During programming, your
hand-held transmittermay stop transmitting after one or
two seconds. If you are programming from one of these
transmitters, you should press and re-press the button
on the hand-held transmitter every two seconds without
ever releasing the button on the universal transmitter.
Release both buttons three seconds after the red light
on the universal transmitter begins to flash rapidly.
Operating the Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on the universal
transmitter. The red light comeson while the signalis
being transmitted.
2-60
I
Note that the effective transmissionrange of the
universal transmitter may differ
from your hand-held
transmitter and alsofrom one channel to another.
Training a Garage Door Opener Equipped
with “Rolling Codes”
3. Press the training button on the garage door opener
receiver for one to two seconds.
4. Return to your vehicle and press
the programmed
button on the universal transmitter until
the red
light flashes rapidly (about two seconds).
5. Release the b,utton, then pressit again to confirmit
was programmed tothe garage door opener receiver.
garage door will not open, and
if your garage door opener
was manufactured after1995, your garage door may have You may now use eitherthe universal transmitter or
If
a security feature that changes the “code” of your garage the hand-held transmitter to open your garage door.
you still have difficultyin programming and require
door opener every time it is opened or closed.
assistance, please call your dealer.
To determine if your garage door opener has this rolling
code feature, press and hold
the appropriate buttonon
Erasing Channels
the universal transmitter that was programmed.the
If
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
red light flashes rapidlyfor one to two seconds, then
two outside buttons until the red light begins to flash.
turns solid, your garage door opener has this feature.
Individual channels cannot be erased, but can be
To program a garage door opener with the rolling code reprogrammed using the procedurefor programming
feature, dothe following:
the transmitter explained earlier.
1. Program your hand-held transmitterto the universal
Accessories
transmitter by following the steps provided under
“Programming the Transmitter” earlier.
Accessories for your universal transmitter are available
from the manufacturerof the unit. If you would like
2. Locate the training button on the garage door opener
additional information, please call1-800-355-3515.
receiver. The exact location and color will vary
mong
brands. Refer to your garage door opener manufacturer’s
owner’s manualto locate the training button.
If you programmed the universal transmitter, but the
The Instrument Panel
2-62
Your instrument panelis designed to let you know at a glance how your car is running. You’ll know how fast you’re
going, how muchfuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to know to drive safely and economically.
The main componentsof your instrument panel are:
A. Warning Lights
L. Steering Wheel Touch Controlsfor Au&o System
B Tachometer
M. Tilt Steering Wheel Lever
C. .Fuel Gage
N. Horn
D . .Engine Temperature Gage
0. Steering Wheel Touch Controlsfor
Audio/Climate Control System
E. Speedometer
E Warning Lights
G. Climate Controls
H. Audio System
I. Headlampflnstrurnent Panel Intensity
ControVTwilight Sentinel
J. Hood Release
K. Turn SimaVMultifunction Lever
P. Traction ControVTrip Reset Button
Q. Ashtray and Cigarette Lighter
R. Dual Cupholder
S. Compact Disc Storage Compartment
T. Gearshift Lever
U. Air Outlets
V. Glove Box
2-63
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your vehicle is equipped with this instrument panel cluster. It includes indicator warning lights and gagesarethat
explained on the following pages.
2-64
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour
(km/h). Your
odometer shows howfar your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used
in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
Tachometer
3
4
5
Trip Odometer
The tachometer tells you
how
fast
the
engine
is
running. It displays engine
speed in revolutionsper
minute (rpm).
6
A trip odometer can tell you how many miles you have
driven since you last reset
it back to zero.
To reset the trip
odometer, pushthe
TRIP RESET button.
7 1
I NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area, or engine damage may occur.
.2-65
Warning Lights, Gages
and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle.
The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repairor replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may beisora
problem with oneof your vehicle’s functions.As
you will see in the details on the next few pages,
some warning lights come on briefly when you start
the enginejust to letyou know they’re working.If
you are familiar with this section, you should not be
alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be isora problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
2-66
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays
on when you are driving, or when one
of the gages
shows there may bea problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s
advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly-- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to
RUN or START, a chime
will come onfor about eight seconds to remind people
to fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light
WM
also come on and stay
on
for about 70 seconds. If
the driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
Air Bag Readiness Light
The air bag readiness light should flash
for a few
seconds whenyou turn the ignition key RUN.
to
If the
light doesn't come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there
is a problem.
There isan air bag readinesslight on the instrument
panel, which showsAIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag's electrical systemfor malfunctions. The light
tells youif there is an electrical problem. The system
Battery
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system,see "Air
Bag" in the Index.
AIR BAG
\
This light will comeon
when you start your engine,
and it will flashfor a few
seconds. Then thelight
should goout. This means
the system is ready.
Light
1+1
When you turn the key
to RUN, this light will
come on briefly, to show
that your generator and
battery charging systems
are working.
If the light stayson, your vehicle needs service and you
should take your vehicle to the dealer at once.
To save
your battery until you get there, turn
off all accessories,
and set your climate control system to
OW.
If the air bag readinesslight stays on after you
start the
engine or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
2-67
5
System Warning Light
your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts.If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need bothparts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on
when you turn the key to
START. If it doesn’t come
on then, haveit fixed so it
will be ready to warn you
if
there’s a problem.
-
I
Your brake system may not be working 1 Iperly
if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light
on can lead
to an accident.If the lightis still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning
light will also come on when you set your parking
brake. The light will stay on
if your parking brake
doesn’t release fully. Ifyou try to drive off with the
parking brake set, a chime will also come on until you
release the parking brake.If the light and chime stay on
If the light and chime comeon while you are driving,
after your parking brake is fully released,
it means you
pull off the road and stop carefully.
You may notice that
the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer have a brake problem.
to the floor. It may take longer to stop.
If the light is still
on, have the vehicle towedfor service. (See “Towing
Your Vehicle”in the Index.)
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
1
1
1 With the anti-lock brake
ANTI -LOCK
I
system, the light(s) will
come on when you start
your engine and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition OFF.
to Or, if the
light comes on whenyou’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turnthe ignition off. Then startthe engine
again to reset the system.If the light still stays on, or
comes on againwhile you’re driving, your vehicle
needs service.If the regular brake system warning
light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have
anti-lock brakes.If the regular brake system warning
light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and
there’s a problem with your regular brakes.See “Brake
System Warning Light” earlierin this section.
Traction Control System Warning
Light (Option)
This warning light should
come on briefly as you
start the engine.
OFF
If the warning light doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you
if there’s a problem. If
it stays on,or comes on when you’re driving, there
may be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning
light should come
on briefly when you turn
the ignition key toRUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be
ready to warn youif there is a problem.
3 69
-
The traction control system warning light may come
on
for the following reasons:
0
Engine Coolant Temperature WarningLight
This light tells you that
your engine coolant has
overheated or your radiator
cooling fan is not working.
If you turn the systemoff by pressing the TRAC
CONT button located on the instrument panel, the
warning light will comeon and stay on.To turn the
system backon, press the button again. The warning
light should gooff. (See “Traction Control System”
in the Indexfor more information.)
W
If there’s a brake system problem that
is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
TEMP
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turnoff and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull
off the road, stop
0 If the traction control system
is affected by an
your vehicle andturn the engineoff as soon as possible.
engine-related problem, the system will turn
off
and the warning light will comeon.
The section “Problems onthe Road” in this manual
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in
If the traction control system warning light comes
on
the Index.
and stays onfor an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
0
2-70
I
I
~~
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
FA
200
Your vehicle has a gage that
shows theengine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves intothe red
area, your engineis too hot!
W
TEMP
This reading meansthe same thing asthe warning light.
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turnoff the engine as soon as possible.
The “Problems on the Road” section inthis manual
explains what to do.See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW
COOLANT
When this light comeson,
the cooling system is low
on coolant. As a bulb check,
it will come onfor two to
four seconds and then go
off when the ignition is
in RUN. If the light doesn’t
come on, have the
vehicle serviced.
If the coolant level is low, the light will come back
on and a warning chime will sound.
If this happens,
see “Engine Coolant”in the Indexfor proper cooling
system fill.
After the coolantlevel is returned to its properlevel, the
LOW COOLANT light will gooff after 20 seconds or
remain off during the next ignition cycle.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service EngineSoon Light)
I NOTICE:
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operationof the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
If' you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This system is called OBD11(On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are
at acceptable levelsfor the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce
a cleaner
environment. TheSERVICE ENGINE SOON light
comes on to indicate that there
is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often
will be indicated
by the system before any problem
is apparent. This
may prevent more serious damage to
yow vehicle.
This system is also designed to assist your service
technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
This light should come on, as a check to showit is
you
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn't come on, have
it repaired.
This lightwill also come on during a malfunction
in
one of two ways:
SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
2-72
9
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the LightIs Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
0 Reducing vehicle speed.
0
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amountof
cargo being hauledas soon asit is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues toflash, when it issafe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the keyoff, wait at least10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remainson steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If thelight is still flashing,
follow the previoussteps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service centerfor service.
If theLight Is 4
‘--dy
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently putfuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine
if the fuel
cap has beenleft off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuelcap will allow fuel to evaporateinto the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with
the cap properly
installed should turnthe light off.
Did youjust drive through a deep puddle
of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet.
The condition
will usually be corrected when
the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn light
the off.
Are you low onfuel?
As your enginestarts to run out of fuel, your engine
may not run as efficiently as designed since small
amounts of air are sucked into the
fuel line causing a
misfire. The system can detect this. Addingfuel should
correct this condition. Make sure install
to
the fuel
cap properly. It will take a few driving trips to turn
the light off.
2-73
Oil Pressure Light
This light tells you
if there
could bea problem with
your engine oil pressure.
When this light comes on and stays on, it means oil isn’t
going through your engine properly.
You could be low
on oil, or you might have some other oil problem.
I
on’tkeepdriving j he I pressure is low !
you do, your engine can become
so hot that it
catches fire.You or others could be burned.
Check your oil assoon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
2-74
Door Ajar Light
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
DOOR AJAR
When the ignition is on,
this light will stay on until
both doors are closed and
completely latched.
Check Oil Level Light
CHECK OIL
LEVEL
The CHECK OIL LEVEL
light is lit for two to four
seconds as a bulb check
each timethe ignition key
is turned toRUN.
If the light doesn’t comeon, have your vehicle serviced.
If the engine oil is more thanone quart (0.95 L) low, this
light will turn onfor about one minute and then will
remain off until the next time you start
the vehicle only
if the vehicle has been shut
off for at least eight minutes.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL light comes back on,
the engineoil should be checked at the dipstick then
brought up tothe proper level if necessary. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Fuel Gage
The fuel gage shows
about how muchfuel is
in your tank.
W
FUEL
It works only when the ignition
is on. When the
indicator nears Empty (E) you still have a little
fuel left.
There is a reserveof about 1.5 gallons (5.6 L) in the fuel
tank. You need to get morefuel right away.
2-75
Here are some concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All these situations arenormal and
indicate nothing wrong with the fuel gage.
0
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts
off before the
gage reads Full(F).
0
It takes more (or less) gas tofill up than the gage
indicated. For example, the gage
may have indicated
half full, but it took more (or less) than halfof the
tank's capacity tofill it.
0
The gage moves alittle when you. turna corner,
speed up or stop your vehicle.
0
When you turn the engine off,
the gage doesn't go
all theway back to Empty (E).
2-76
Low Fuel Light
W
FUEL
A yellow light near the
Empty (E) mark on the fuel
gage comes on when your
vehicle is low on fuel.You
have lessthan 3 gallons
(1 1.7L) remaining in your
fuel tank.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’llfind out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be
sure to read aboutthe particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-10
Comfort Controls
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control
Air Conditioning
Heating
Ventilation System
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Steering Wheel Controlsfor Climate
Control (Option)
Passenger Zone Comfort Control
Setting the Clock
3-10
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
3-15
3-18
3-19
3- 19
3-20
3-21
3-21
3-21
Compact Disc Player with Automatic
Tone Control
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (Option)
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your CompactDiscs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Power Antenna Mast Care
3-1
Comfort Controls
This section describes how to operate your climate
control system.Your climate control system uses
ozone-friendly R- 134a refrigerant.
Dual Automatic ComforTemp
Climate Control
Your vehicle has the Dual Automatic ComforTemp
Climate Control system. The following information tells
you how it works.
You will hear a beep each time a button
is pushed and a
If the display is flashing after the climate control system
small light on the buttonwill indicate which buttons are is started, there is a problem with
the system and you
active. The lights are on
all buttons exceptTEMP, FAN
should see your dealerfor service.
and AIR ELOW. The display will show fan speed,
Sun and temperature sensors automatically adjust the air
comfort level setting and airflow direction
for a few
temperature, the airflow direction and
the fan speed to
seconds whenever AUTOis selected, andthen it will
maintain
your
comfort
setting.
The
system
may supply
display the outside temperature. The outside temperature
cooler air to the side toward the sun. Be careful not to
reading is most accurate whenthe vehicle is moving.
put anything over the sensors on top
of the dash.
During stops, the display shows the previous
temperature for best accuracy and system control.
I
3-2
Temperature Button
To adjust the comfort level you want maintained inside
the car, push the TEMP button.
If you want a warmer
comfort level, push the red arrow.
If you want a cooler
comfort level, push the blue arrow. Your comfort setting
is shown in the display.
Fan Button
The speedof the blower fan is controlled automatically
if you havethe system setfor AUTO. Pressingthe
FAN button will display and hold
the current blower
fan setting.
If you wantthe blower fan to run at a lower speed, push
the bottomof the FAN button. The fan speed will
decrease withevery push of the button untilthe lowest
speed is reached. If you want toincrease the fan speed,
push the top of the FAN button. Notice thefan
j icators in the display.
Mode Controls
Press theAIR FLOW button to deliver air through the
floor, middle or windshield outlets.
The system will stay
in the selected mode until the
AUTO button is pushed.
Press the up arrow on the AIR FLOW button to cycle
through the available modes.
Automatic Operation
Press the AUTO button when you want the system to
automatically adjustthe interior temperature to your
preference. Whenthe system is set for automatic
operation, air will comefrom the floor, middle or
windshield outlets depending onthe temperature inside
the vehicle,the outside temperature and sun
load. Fan
speed willvary as the system gets to and maintains the
comfort setting youhave selected throughthe use of the
TEMP button.
To find your comfort setting, startwith the system in
AUTO mode and the TEMP button adjusted to a display
of 75 O F (24" C), give the vehicle about20 minutes to
stabilize, then readjust your comfort setting
if necessary.
The display will show the comfort setting
for a few
seconds and thenit will display the outside temperature.
If you want tosee your current automaticfan speed,
airflow direction and comfort setting, press the
AUTO button.
In cold weather, the system will delay turning
on the
fan, to avoid blowing cold air.
The length of the delay
depends on the engine coolant temperature and the
outside temperature. Pushing the
FAN, AIR FLOW
or FRONT buttons will override this delay, turn off the
AUTO setting and change the
fan speed.
3-3
The ventilation system always allows
fresh air to flow
Manual Operation
through the interior when the vehicle
is moving even
You may also manually adjust theair delivery or fanspeed.
with the system in the
OFF mode.
AIR FLOW This button is used to change the direction
of the airflow. The airflow choices available are FLOOR, VENT The VENT button allows outside air to flow
through your vehicle without the air conditioning
FLOOR-MID, MID and WINDSHIELD-FLOOR.
compressor working. Selecting VENT and the AUTO
If the system is set for AUTO, pressingAIR
the FLOW
button atthe same time allows the system to control
button will display the current airflow direction and the
automatically without the useof the air conditioning
comfort setting. Press theAIR FLOW up or down
compressor or the use of the RECIRC mode.To turn
button again to change
the direction of the airflow.
off the VENT selection, push the VENT button again.
If the AIR FLOW up button is selected while
in the
RECIRC: When RECIRCis selected, the system will
FRONT defrost mode, the system will direct the air
limit the amountof outside air entering your vehicle.
toward the WINDSHIELD.If the AIR FLOW down
This is helpful when you are trying to cool the interior
button is selected while in the FRONT defrost mode, the
of the vehicle quickly or limit the amount
of outside air
system will direct the air toward the
FLOOR, and the
entering your vehiclefor some other reason. RECIRC
FRONT defrost mode will cancel. Notice the arrows
in
and AUTO may be selected at the same time. The
the display.
system will remain in RECIRC until
the ignition is
OFF: If the passenger's comfort controlis turned on,it
turned off, then the system will return back to the
can be turnedoff by pressing the OFF button once.
previously selected mode. RECIRC can be selected
in
Pressing the OFF button a second time will turn
off the
all manual airflow modes except FRONT defrost.
main system. Turning offthe main system causes the fan RECIRC cannot be selected with the VENT button.
to turn off and the airflow to be directed
to the FLOOR.
Operating RECIRC in cold temperature
or under high
of the
The system will stilltry to keep the interior
humidity conditions may cause moisture to form
on the
vehicle at the previously chosen comfort setting. The
outside temperature will show on the display when the inside of the windshield.If this condition occurs,
deselect the RECIRC button.
system is set to OFF.
3-4
FRONT This selection is used to defrost the
windshield by directing theairflow toward the windshield.
If FRONT is selected whilein the AUTO mode,
the fan speed andthe air temperaturefrom the front
defroster will vary.If a manualfan speed setting is
selected, the fan speed will remain at that selection
until anotherfan speed selectionis made or the AUTO
mode is selected.To turn off FRONT, pressthe AUTO
or AIR FLOW button.
system will automatically enter the RECIRC mode and
the temperature door will
be positioned atthe full cold
position for maximum cooling.If the system is not in
the AUTO mode, RECIRC should be selected to provide
maximum cooling.You can choosethe extreme comfort
setting of 60°F (16"C), but the system will not cool any
faster by choosing the extreme comfort setting.
Heating
On cold days,if the AUTO mode is selected, the system
will automatically directthe air toward the floor and the
FRONT defrost will work better if any
ice or snow is
cleared from the hood and the air inlet area between the temperature door will be positioned at the full hot
position. You can choose the extreme comfort setting
of
base of the windshield andthe hood.
90°F (32°C) but the system will not warm up any faster
Air Conditioning
by selecting the extreme comfort setting.
If the outside
temperature is cold, the fan will be delayed to avoid
On very hot days, open the windows long enough
to let
the hot air out. This reducesthe time required to cool the blowing coldair. Pushing the FAN, AIR FLOW or'
FRONT buttons will override this delay, turn
off the
interior of the vehicle to a comfortable level.If the
AUTO mode and change the
fan speed..
system is in the AUTO mode on very hot days,the
.r-
3-5
Adjust the direction of airflow by moving the louvered
fti+ nutlets.
Defogging and Defrosting
Use the FRONT button to quickly remcw fog, &ost
I
I
The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. Pressthe button to
start warming your window.
An indicator lightin the
button will glow while
the rear window defogger
is operating.
At speeds above30 mph (48 km/h), the rear defogger
will stayon until you press the REAR defogger button
again. At speeds below30 mph (48 km/h), the rear
window defogger will turnoff automatically after about
10 minutes of use. If you pressit again, the defogger
'will operatefor about five minutes only. You can also
turn the defogger off by turning
off the ignition.
3-8
I NOTICE:
Scraping the insideof your rear window could
cut and damage the heater. Your warranty would
not cover this damage. Don't put decals there
because you might haveto scrape themoff.
iteering Wheel Controls for Climate
2ontrol (Option)
Passenger Zone Comfort Control
If your vehicle has this
feature, you can control the
temperature comfort setting
by usingthe control button
on your steering wheel.
TEMP: Press either arrow once and
the current comfort
setting will be displayed. Press the
up arrow again to
choose a warmer comfort setting and press
the down
arrow again to choose a cooler comfort setting.
The front seat passenger can control
the air temperature
in their seating area.
This system can be activated by turning
the COMFORT
CONTROL knob on the passenger’s door.
3-9
Adjust the temperature usingthe COMFORT
CONTROL knob. Turn the control toward COOLER or
WARMER. This controlcan be set up to
5OF (- 15"C)
cooler or warmer thanthe primary setting. Notice the
lighted display above the control which indicates the
difference from the main temperature setting.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic
Tone Control
Push theOFF button onthe main control panel onceto
turn off this partof the system.
dio Systems
your uelco Electronics audio system has been designed
to operate easily and give years
of listening pleasure.
You will get the most enjoyment of
outit if you acquaint
yourself with it first. Find out what
your Delco
Electronics system can do and how to operateitsall
controls, tobe sure you're gettingthe most out of the
advanced engineering that went into
it.
Setting the Clock
Press and holdHRS until the correct hour appears.
Press and holdMIN until the correct minute appears.
You may set the clock withthe ignition off if you
press RECALL firstand follow the same procedure
described abc :.
3-10
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the
knob to the right. Turn
it to the left to decrease volume.
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall
the station
being played or to display
the clock. To change whatis
normally shown onthe display (stationor time), press
the RECALL button until yousee the display you want,
then holdthe RECALL button untilthe display flashes.
If you press the button when the ignitionis off, the clock
will show for a few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2.The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to
go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there.
The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrowsfor two seconds
and SCAN will appearon the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio willgo to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on the
to next
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttonslet
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radioon.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
the setting you prefer.
4. Press TONE to select
5. Press and hold oneof the six numbered buttons.The
sound will mute. When it returns, release
the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button,
the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected
for that button.
6. Repeat the stepsfor each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each
of your
preset stationsfor a few seconds.The radio willgo to
the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, then go
on to the nextpreset station. Press P SCAN again to
stop scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will
seek
and set the12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons. AUTO SET will flash
while seeking and will remain on until this function
is
complete. To return to the stations you manually
set,
press AUTO SET again.
3-11
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turnthe
knob to increaseor decrease treble. If a station
is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn
the knob to move the soundthe
tofront or rear speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
Push these knobs backinto their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset bass right. If the ignition and the radio are on, the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
and treble equalization settings designed
for classical,
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations.
Press EJECT to removethe tape andstart over.
CLASS will appearon the display when youfirst press
TONE. Each time you press
it, another setting will
While the tapeis playing, use the VOLUME,FADE,
appear on the display.!Press
it again after C& W
BAL, BASS and TREB controls
just as you dofor the
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also,
if you use
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them show which side of the tape
is playing.
and MANUAL will appear.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or isradio
off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
Adjusting the Speakers
Your tape bias is set automatically.
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob
to move the sound to the left
or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs backinto their stored positionswhen
you’re not using them.
3-12
44 (3): Press this button to reversethe tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will
play while thetape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to another
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playmg
speed. The radiowill play while the tape advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side
of the
tape that is playing.
RAND (6): Press this button to reduce background
noise. The double-D symbol will appear in the display.
Dolby Noise Reductionis manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks
of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape or
disc function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a
disc are installed, the system will
first go to tape play;
TAPE SIDE and an arrow will appear on the display. If
SOURCE is pressed again, the system will go to disc
play; CD PLAY will appear on the display.
EJECT The system has two EJECT buttons. Press
the button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Press the
button near the tape slot to remove a tape and the radio
will play.
3-13
If any error occurs repeatedlyor if an error can’t be
CLN: If this message appears onthe display, the
corrected, please contact your dealer.
If your radio
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It will still play
tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as possible to
displays an error number, write
it down and provideit to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care
of
your dealer when reporting
the problem.
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean PREV (1): Press this button to go to the start
of the
the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to
current track,if more than eight seconds have played. If
reset the CLN indicator.The radio will display--- to
you hold the button or pressit more than once, the
show the indicator was reset.
player will continue moving back through the disc. The
Your cassette tape player automatically luces
background noise fromtapes encoded wlm Dolby ~USC.
Yau may turn Dolby off by pressing the numbersix preset.
~~
I
sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you holdthe button or pressit more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
Playing a Compact Disc
The sound will mute while seeking.
Insert a disc partway intothe slot, label side up. The
The SEEK down and up arrows will alsofind the
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing.
previous and next selections on the disc.
If you want to insert a CD while the ignition or the radio
44 (3): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
within a track.You will hear sound.
If you’re dnving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
(4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
the discmay not play and an error code may appear on
the display. When things get back to normal, the disc within a track. You will hear sound.
should play.If the disc comes out,
it could be that:
RAND (6): Press this button to hear the tracks
in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press
RAND
E20: The disc is upside down.
again to turn off random play,
E20:It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0 E20: There’s too much moisture in the air.
(Wait about an hour and try again.)
,,
RECALL: Press this buttonto see which track is
playing. Pressit again withinfive seconds tosee how
long it has been playing.To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press
the
RECALL button until yousee the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until
the display flashes.
AM-FM: Press this buttonto play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK@ is designed to discourage theft
of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power
is removed.
If THEFTLOCK is active, the THEFTLOCK indicator
will flash whenthe ignition is off.
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc function ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
when the radiois on. When a disc is inserted, the disc will radio is not protected by thefeature. If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate
if stolen.
play until you pressA M - F M . Then the disc will stop
playing and the radio will play. Press SOURCE again to When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
play a disc again. CDPLAY will show on the display.
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses powerfor any
EJECT: Press this button to re we the disc. The
reason, you must unlockthe radio withthe secret code
radio will play.
before it will operate.
If you turn off the ignitionor radio with a disc in the
player, it will stayin the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system,the disc will start playing whereit
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
Also, as a protectionfeature, if a CDis ejected andleft
in the player, it will be pulled back in
the player with the
ignition on or off.
3-15
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The instructions which follow explain how to enter your
The display will show REP to let you know that you
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system.
It is
need to repeat Steps 5 through
7 to confirm your
recommended that you read through
all nine steps
secret code.
before starting the procedure.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
SEC to let you know that your radio
is secure.
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you muststart the procedure over atStep 4.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After
a
Power Loss
1. Write down anythree or four-digit numberfrom
000 to 1999 and keepit in a safe place separate
from
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than
the vehicle.
15 seconds between steps:
2. Turn the ignitjon to ACCESSORY or RUN.
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
3. Turn the radio off.
2. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
3. Press MIN again to make thelast two digits agree
until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
with your code.
secret code number which
you have written down.
4. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
with your code.
6. Press MIN again to makethe last two digits agree
5. Press AM-FM after you have con€irmed that
the
with your code.
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will showSEC, indicating the radiois
7. Press HRS to make thefirst one or two digits agree
now operable and secure.
with your code.
3-16
If you enter the wrong codeeight times, INOP will
appear on the display.
You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you cantry again. When
you try again, you will only have three more chances
(eight tries per chance) to enter
the correct code before
INOP appears.
If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
5. Press MIN again to makethe last two digits agree
with your code.
6. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show---,indicating that the radiois
no longer secured.
Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than If the code enteredis incorrect, SEC will appear on tne
display. The radio will remain secured until
the correct
15 seconds between steps:
code is entered.
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
When battery power is removed and later applied
to a
2. Turn the radio off.
secured radio, the radio won’t turn on and
LOC will
appear on the display.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them
down until SEC shows on the display.
To unlock a secured radio see “Unlocking the
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power
Loss” earlier
4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
in this section.
3-17
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (Option)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio and comfort control functions using the buttons on
your steering wheel.
SEEK: Press the SEEK
down arrow to go to a lower
frequency station and the
SEEK up arrow to go to a
higher frequency station.
VOL: Press me up oraown
arrow to increaseor
decrease volume.
If you press and hold the SEEK button
for two seconds,
SCAN will appear on the display.It will go to a station,
stop for a few seconds and go on
to the next station.
Press the SEEK button to stop scanning. SEEK also
functions as PREV andNEXT when playing a cassette
tape or compact disc.
TEMP: Press the uparrow to increase the set
temperature on your comfort control system or the down
SCAN/AM-FM: Press the SCAN button and SCAN
arrow to decrease the -temperature.
will appear on the display. SCAN works as the PSCAN
button on your radio.It will scan through eachof the
preset radio stations.If a preset radio station has weak
reception, the radiowill not stop at the preset station.
Press SCAN again tostop scanning. Press theAM-FM
button to choose theAM, FM1 or FM2 band.
3-18
I
To help avoid hearingloss or darnage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like atape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can
add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation
of
your vehicle’s engine, Delco Electronics radio or
other systems, and even damage them. Your
vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has
been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobileradio andtelephone units.
--
--
3-20
Care of
.lrCompact I
Handle discs carefully.Store them in their originalcases
or other protectivecases and away from direct sunlight
and dust.If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and cleanit, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by graspingthe outer edges orthe
edge of the hole andthe outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised,
due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal tothe CD mechanism.
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna willlook its best and work
well if it’s cleanedfrom time to time.To clean the
antenna mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raisethe antenna.
2. Darnpen a clean cloth with mineral spiritsor
equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing
any dirt.
4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth.
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turningthe
radio or ignition off and on.
6. Repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication
could damage it.
.
NOTICE:
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radioto make the power antenna go down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turn the radio off,
it may be damaged or
need to be cleaned. In either case, lower the
antenna by hand by carefully pressing the
antenna down.
If the mast portionof your antennais damaged, you can
easily replaceit. See your dealerfor a replacement kit
and follow the instructionsin the kit.
3-21
@% NOTES
I
3-22
fi
NOTES
@% NOTES
3-24
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’llfind information about driving on different kinds
of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tipson driving.
4-2
4-2
4-5
4-6
4- 10
4- 12
4- 12
4- 14
4- 15
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off -Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
,
4- 16
4-19
4-20
4-2 1
4-2 1
4-22
4-24
4-28
4-3 1
Driving in Rain and onWet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-1
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be readyfor their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about
the most preventableof
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving.
You never
know when the vehiclein front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is
a national tragedy. It’sthe number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands
of victims
every year.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyonecan give about drivingis:
Drive defensively.
Alcohol affectsfour things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
Judgment
MuscularCoordination
Please start with a very important safety device in your 0 Vision
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Attentiveness.
for anything.”
Defensive driving really means “be ready
On city streets, rural roads or freeways,
it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
i
4-2
i
0
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottlesof beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach
the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks
if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquorlike whiskey, gin orvodka.
4-3
4-4
Braking
Braking action involvesperception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and doit. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 314 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with
one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part.
So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But evenin 314 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h)
travels 66 feet (20 m).
That couldbe a lotof distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surfaceof the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the conditionof the road (wet, dry,
icy); tire
tread; the conditionof your brakes;the weight of the
vehicle and the amount
of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops.Your brakes will wear out much faster
if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate alot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes.
If you do, the
If your engine
pedal may get harder to push down.
stops, you willstill have some power brake assist. But
you will useit when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up,it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes(ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a brakingskid.
When you start your engine and begin to
drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check
itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves alittle. This is normal.
I
ANTI - LOCK
If there’s a problem withthe
anti-lock brake system,this
warning light will stayon.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light’’ in
the Index.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road
is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an
animaljumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with
ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling,
the computer will
separately workthe brakes at eachfront wheel and at
both rear wheels.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer
is
programmed to make the most
of available tire and
road conditions.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn't change the time you need
to. get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance.If you get too close to the vehicle
in
front of you, you won't have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don't pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock workfor you. You may hear a
motor or clicking noise during a hard stop, this
but
is normal.
W-- '.onContl 7 Sys'
A
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-8
~
(If Equippl--1)
rour vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful
in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only
if it senses
that one or both
of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning tolose traction. Whenthis happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine power
to limit wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but
this
is normal.
If your vehicleis in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin,
the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use
it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. (See “Cruise Control” in
the Index.)
TRACTION
OFF
To turn the system off,
press the TRAC CONT
button located onthe
instrument panel.
This light should come on
briefly when youstart the
engine. If it stays on or
comes on while you are
driving, there’s a problem
with your traction
control system.
The traction control system warning
light will come on
and stay on.If the system is limiting wheel spin when
you press the button, the warning light will come
on -- but the system won’t turn
off right away.It will
See “Traction Control System Warning Light”
in the
wait until there’s no longer a current need to limit
Index. When this warninglight is on, the system will not wheel spin.
limit wheel spin. Adjustyour driving accordingly.
You can turnthe system backon at any time by pressing
The traction control system automatically comes on
the button again.The traction control system warning
whenever you start your vehicle.To limit wheel spin,
light should go off.
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
Braking in Emergencies
traction control systemoff if you ever need to.(You
should turnthe system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck With anti-lock, you cansteer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
in sand, mud,ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle”
than even the very best braking.
in the Index.)
4-9
1
4-10
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering canbe more effective
than braking.For example, you come overa hill and
find a truck stopped
in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a childdarts out from between
parked cars and stops right
in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking-- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there
isn’t room. That’s
the timefor evasive action-- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very wellin emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking
in
Emergencies” earlierin this section.) Itis better to
remove as much speedas you canfrom a possible
collision. Then steer around
the problem, tothe left or
right depending onthe space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recornended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act
fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-11
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits forjust the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again.
A simple maneuver?
OFF-ROAD RECOVE
edge of paved surfwe
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery shouldbe fairly easy. Ease offthe
accelerator and then, if there
is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel
to go straight down
the roadway.
4-12
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since
the
passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds.A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver
face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents-- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips
for passing:
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
Watch for t r a c signs, paverr t markings 1lines.
If you can seea sign up aheau mat might inuGatea
turn or an intersection, delay your pass.A broken
center line usually indicates it’s
all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never
cross a solid
line on your side of the lane ora double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching &a&.
#---
e Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start yourleft lane change signalbefore moving out
of the rightlane to pass. When youare far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle tosee its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and moveback into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror
is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be
farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more thanone vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing,
it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
0
If you’re being passed, makeit easy for the
following driver to get ahead
of you. Perhaps you
can easea little to the right.
4-13
R
If you do not have traction control, or
if the systemis
off, then an acceleration skidis also best handledby
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
easing your footoff the accelerator pedal.
happens whenthe three control systems (brakes, steering
footthe.
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your off
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
tires meet the roadto do what the driver has asked.
vehicle to go.If you start steering quickly enough, your
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep
tqmg to steer and
vehicle may straighten out. Always be readyfor a
constantly seekan escape route or area of less danger.
second skid ifit occurs.
Of course, tractionis reduced when water, snow, ice,
Skidding
gravel or other materialis on the road. For safety, you’ll
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle.
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonableconditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
care suited to existing conditions, and not
by
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
vehicle control more limited.
always possible.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
The three typesof skids correspond to your vehicle’s
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
three control systems. In
the braking skid, your wheels
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering
skid, too
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
lose cornering force. And in
the acceleration skid, too
vehicle is skidding. Learnto recognize warning
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
clues -- such as enough water,ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface”
A cornering skidis best handled by easing your foot
off
-- and slow
the accelerator pedal.
down when you have any doubt.
If you havethe traction control system, remember:It
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system(ABS)helps
avoid onlythe braking skid.
helps avoid onlythe acceleration skid.
Loss of Control
’
4-14
Driving at Night
0
Adjust your inside rearview &or to reducethe
glare from headlamps behind you.
0
Since you can’tsee as well, you may need to
slow down and keepmore space betweenyou and
other vehicles.
e Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your
headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead.
A
....
0
In remote areas, watchfor animals.
0
If you’re tired, pulloff the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as
in the daytime. Butas
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may requireat least twice as much light to
see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you doin the daytime can also affect your night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
vision. For example, if you spend the dayin bright
reason is that some drivers are likely be
to impaired -- by
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.
Your eyes will
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue. have less trouble adjusting to night. But
if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
Here are some tips on night driving.
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
Drivedefensively.
of things invisible.
Don’t drink and drive.
4-15
~
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two,
or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you
are faced with severeglare (as from a driver who
doesn't lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night
is made much
worse by dirton the glass. Eventhe inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up
far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn
or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way,it's easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim,so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability tosee in dim light-- and aren't
even awareof it.
1
Driving inRain and on Wet Roads
./ li m
4-16
c
...........
~
---I
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affectyour brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can't, try to slow down before you hit them.
4-17
Hydroplaning usually happens athigher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The
best.adviceis to slow down when it is raining.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side.You could lose control
of the vehicle.
After drivingthrough a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they
can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the roadis wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicleis hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact withthe road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But
it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure
in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water
is standing on
the road.If you can see reflectionsfrom trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quicklythrough deep puddlesor
standing water, water cancome in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbodyof your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddlesor standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared
to have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-18
Citv Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety
in city driving:
Know the best way to getto where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the cityjust as you wouldfor a
cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rimand crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See
the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal.A traffic light
is there because the corner
is busy enough to needit.
When alight turns green, andjust before you start to
move, check both ways
for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running
the
red light.
One of the biggest problemswith city streetsis the
amount of traffic On them. You’ll wantto watch outfor
what the other driversare doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-19
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a rampleads
that to the
freeway. If you havea clear viewof the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to
check traffic. Tryto determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your
turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing
rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there
isn’t another vehiclein your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
lane well in advance.If you m i s s your exit, do not,
rne most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same the nextexit.
speed mostof the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaksa smooth traffic flow. Treat the The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
I
4-20
i,
The exit speed is usually posted.
0
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean.!
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After drivingfor any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enoughfor
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
0
WeatherForecasts: What’s the weatheroutlook
along your route? Should
you delay your tripa short
time to avoid a major storrn system?
0
Maps: Do you haveup-to-date maps?
Make sure you’re ready. Try be
to well rested. If you
must start when you’re notfresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to maketoo many miles thatfirst part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes
you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle readyfor a long trip?If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready
to go. If it needs
service, haveit done before startingout. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and
able service experts in
Buick dealerships all across
North America. They’ll be
ready and willing tohelp if you needit.
Here are some things you can
check before a trip:
0
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows cleaninside and outside?
0
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
long-distance driving? Are the
tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually sucha condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum
of the tireson the
road, the drone of the engine, andthe rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t
let it
happen toyou! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware thatit can happen.
4-21
Then here aresome tips:
Hill and Mountain Roads
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, witha
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
e If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety,treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
Driving on steep hills or mountains
is different from
driving inflat or rolling terrain.
4-22
If you drive regularlyin steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there,here are some tips that can
make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Checkall fluid
levels and alsothe brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
0
Know how to go downhills. The most important
thing to knowis this: let your engine do some
of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you g~o
down a steep or long hill.
Coasting downhill inNEUTRAL (N)or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the workof slowing down. They could get
so hot that theywouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking
or even none going down
a hill. You could crash.Always have your engine
running and yourvehicle in gearwhen you
go downhill.
0
If you don’t shiftdown, your brakescould getso
hot thatthey wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking oreven none going down a
hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your
engine assistyour brakeson a steep
downhill slope.
0
0
0
Know how to go uphill. Drivein the highest
gear possible.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide
or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top aof
hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, likestalled
a
car or an accident.
of
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks areaor winding
roads. Be alert to these and
take appropriate action.
4-23
Winter Driving
Here are some tipsfor winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin
your trunk.
4-24
Include anice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid,a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a pieceof old carpet or a couple
of burlap bags
to help provide traction.
Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the
road probablyhave good traction.
However, if thereis snow orice between your tires and
the road, you can havea very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will needbeto
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow orice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because
it may offerthe
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32°F; O O C ) and freezing rain begins
to fall.
Try to avoid drivingon wet ice untilsalt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow-- drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on.
It will
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on a
slippery road. Even though your vehicle has a traction
control system, you’ll want to slow down and adjust
your driving to the road conditions.
See “Traction
Control System”in the Index.
. ..
If you don’t have the traction control system, accelerate
gently. Try not to break the
fragile traction. If you
accelerate toofast, the drive wheels will spin and polish
the surface under the tires even more.
4-25
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you makea hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want tobegin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock”in the Index.
0
Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road,ice patches may appearin
shaded areas wherethe sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass may
remain icy whenthe surrounding roads are clear.If
you see a patchof ice aheadof you, brake before you
are on it. Try not
to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-26
it in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could
be in a
serious situation.You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless youknow for sure that you arenear help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things todo to s u m o n help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
Turn on your hazard flashers.
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourselfor
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can runthe engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-27
Snow can trap exhaustgases under yourvehicle.
CO (carbon monoxide)gas
This can cause deadly
to get inside. CO could overcomeyou and kill
you. You can’t see it orsmell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear awaysnow from
around thebase of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaustpipe. And check
around again fromtime to timeto be suresnow
doesn’t collect there.
of the
Open a window just a little on the side
vehicle that’s away from thewind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run yo^-'- :ngine only as lo&g asyou must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make
it go a little faster
than just idle. Thatis, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heatthat you get and it keeps the
battery charged.You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on.
with your headlamps.Let the heater runfor a while.
4-28
T n, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all theway to preserve the heat.
Start the engine again
and repeatthis only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But
do it as little as possible, Preserve the
fuel as long as you can.
To help keep warm, you can
get
out of the vehicle anddo some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or
so until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
@I
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
CTR.
FRT.
RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
\
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD TIRE
TIRE SIZE
PRESSURE
SPEED
PSI/KPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PSli28KPa
SEE OWNER’S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight
it
may properly carry. The Tire Loading Information label
found on the rear edgeof the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps therear of your vehiclelevel as the
load changes.It’s automatic -- you don’t need to
adjust anything.
If you don’l $e the correct equi- lent and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pulla
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,the
brakes may not work well or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously
injured.
You may also damageyour vehicle; the resulting
repairs would not be covered
by your warranty.
Pull a trailer only if you have followedall the
steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
--
4-31
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
the weight of the trailer tongue
and the total weight on your vehicle's tires.
There are many different laws, including speed limit Weight of the Trailer
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but How heavy can a trailer safelybe?
also where you'll be driving. A good source
for this
It should never weigh more than
1,000 pounds (450 kg).
information can bestate or provincial police.
But even that can be too heavy.
0 Consider using a sway control.
You can ask a hitch
It depends on how you plan to use your For
rig.
dealer about sway controls.
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature
and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
0 Don't tow a trailer at all during the
first 1,000 miles
trailer are all important. And,
it can also depend on any
(1 600 km)your new vehicle is driven.Your engine,
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
axle or other parts could be damaged.
You can ask your dealerfor our trailering information or
0 Then, duringthe first 500 miles (800 km) that you
advice, or you can write us at:
tow a trailer, don't drive over50 mph (80 km/h) and
don't make starts at full throttle. This helps your
Buick Motor Division
engine and other partsof your vehicle wearin at the
Customer Relations Center
heavier loads.
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint,
MI 48550
0 Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don't drive faster thanthe maximum posted speed
In Canada, write to:
for trailers (or no more than
55 mph (90 km/h))
to
General Motor 4 Canada Limited
save wear on your vehicle's parts.
Customer Communication Centre
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
the weight of the trailer,
0
~
4-32
-
..
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch,
the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
The tongue load (A)of any trailer1s an important
trailer weight(B). If you have a weight-distributing
weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh
12 percent of
weight of your vehicle.The capacity weight includes the the total loaded trailer weight
(B).
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
it, and the people who will be ridingin the vehicle. And
then the tongue, separately, tosee if the weights are
if you tow a trailer, you must subtract
the tongue load
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
simply by moving some items around the
in trailer.
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too.
See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Indexfor more information about
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers
on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge
of the
driver’s dooror see “Loading Your Vehicle”in the
Index. Then be sure you don’t go overGVW
the limit
for your vehicle, including the weight
of the
trailer tongue.
Weight of the Trailer ’ lneue
B
4-33
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucksgoing by and rough roadsare a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here
are
some rules to follow:
0 The rear bumper on your vehicleis not intendedfor
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches toit. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
e Will you have to make any holes
in the body ofyour
vehicle when you
install a trader hitch?If you do, then
be
sure to seal the holes later when you remove the
If hitch.
you don’t seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from
your exhaust can get into your vehicle
(see “Carbon
Monoxide” in the Index).Dirt and water can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendationfor attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slackso you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag
on the ground.
4-34
Following Distance
Stay at least twice asfar behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations thatrequire heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer tocome in contact with the
Passing
vehicle. Your vehicle couldbe damaged. Avoid
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal making very sharp turns while trailering.
longer, you’ll need togo much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal.Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
Backing Up
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers.Signal well
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
in advance.
Then, to move the trailer to the left,just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer tothe right, move your
”urn Signals When Towinga Trailer
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
DossibleS have someone guide you.
The green arrows onyour instrument panel will flash
whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly
hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other
drivers you’re aboutto turn, change lanes or stop.
4-35
When towing a trailer,the green arrows on your
Parking on Hills
instrument panel will flash
for turns even if the bulbs on
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
the trailer are burned out. Thus,
you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’sattached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, yourrig
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
bulbs are still working.
Your vehicle has bulb warning lights. When you plug a But if youe\ _ _ have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to doit:
trailer lighting system into your vehicle’s lighting
system, its bulb warning lights may not let you know
if
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
one of your lamps goes out.So, when you have a trailer
PARK (P) yet.
lighting system pluggedin, be sure to check your
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
vehicle and trailer lampsfrom time to time to be sure
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, relea;- the
they’re all working. Once you disconnect the trailer
lamps, the bulb warning lights again can tell you if one regular brake until the chocks absorb the load.
of your vehicle lampsis out.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift toPARK (P).
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear
before you start
down a longor steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes
so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, use the highest gear possible.
If
you cannot maintain posted speeds, driving aatlower
speed may help avoid overheating your engine
and transaxle.
4-36
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
0
Start your engine;
0
Shift into a gear; and
0
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pickup and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer.See the Maintenance Schedulefor more
on this. Things that are especially important
in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belts, cooling system and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, andthe Index
will help you find them quickly.
If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review these sections before you start
your trip.
Check periodically tosee that all hitch nuts2nd bolts
are tight.
Engine Coormg When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
4-37
,@% NOTES
4-38
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can
occm on theroad.
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-8
5-13
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-21
If aTireGoesFlat
5-22ChangingaFlatTire
5-3 1
Compact Spare Tire
5-32
If You’reStuck:In Sand, Mud, Ice orSnow
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flasherslet you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem.
Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
Press down onthe button
located on topof the
steering column to make
your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on
and off.
A
The hazard light on the
instrument panel will also
come on.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your keyis in, and evenif the key isn’tin.
To turn off the flashers, press down on the button again.
When the hazard warning flashersare on, your turn
signals won’t work.
5-2
Other Warning Devices
NOTICE:
If you carry reflective triangles, you canset one up at
the side of the road about300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Ignoring these steps could result
in costly
damage to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Trying tostart your vehicleby pushingor pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage yourvehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has rundown, you may want to use
another vehicle and somejumper cables to start your
vehicle. But please use the following stepsdoto
it safely.
A CAUTION:
Batteries canhurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
0 They contain acid that can burn
you.
They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
0 They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If. you don’t follow these stepsexactly, some or a11
of these things canhurt you.
I
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the othersystem isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, bothvehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles
aren’ttouching
each other.If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want.
You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, andthe bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid thepossibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brakefirmly on both vehicles.involvedin
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) before setting the parking brake.
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running andcan injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5-4
3. Turn off the ignitionon both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories pluggedinto the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlet.Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed as well as radios.
This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries.
In addition, it
could save your radio.
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each
battery. Your vehicle hasa remote positive (+)
terminal for this purpose. (The battery is under the
back seat.)
A CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use
a flashlight if
you needmore light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.You don’t
need to add water to the Delco Freedom@battery
installed in every new
GM vehicle. But ifa
battery has filler caps, be
sure the right amount
If it is low,add water to take care
of fluid is there.
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid
that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you.If you accidentally getit in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have looseor
missing insulation.If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles couldbe damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here
are some basic
things you should know. Positive(+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative(-)
or a metal enginepart. Don’t connect positive(+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe otherparts too.
A CAUTION:
m
I
Fans or other moving engineparts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts
once the engine is running.
5-5
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Usea remote
6. Connect the red positive(+) cable to the remote
positive (+) terminal of the vehiclewith the
dead battery.
5-6
Now connect the
black negative(-) cable
to the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let theother end touchanyhng until the next
step. The other end of the negative cable
doesn’t go to
the dead battery. It goes to a heavy unpainted metal
part on the engineof the vehicle with the dead battery.
8. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine
parts that
move. The electrical connectionis just as good there,
but the chanceof sparks getting back to the battery
is
much less.
9. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
10. Try to start the vehcle with the dead battery.If it
won’t start after a few tries,it probably needs service.
11. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting. Takecare that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
5-7
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have your dealer or
a professional towing service
tow your vehicle. See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
If your vehicle has been changed
or modified sinceit
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero-skirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything,turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tellthe towing service:
That your vehicle cannot bet o u J from the front
with sling-type equipment.
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make, model and yearof your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations.The operator may want to
see them.
avoid i my to you or others:
Never let passengers ride ina vehicle that is
being towed.
Never tow faster thansafe or posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts not fully secured.
Never get under yourvehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
Always secure the vehicle on each sidewith
separate safety chainswhen towing it.
Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
3 help
\
CAUTION:
A vehicle can fall from
a car carrierif it isn’t
adequately secured. This
can cause a collision,
serious personal injury and vehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains
or
steel cables beforeit is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.)that can be cut by sharp
edges underneath the towed vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They willdamage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
turned to OFF. The steering wheel should be clamped in
a straight-ahead position, witha clamping device
designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lockfor this. The transaxle should be in
NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on
the drive wheels,
unless you must.If the vehicle must be towed on the
drive wheels, be sure to follow the speed and distance
restrictions later in this section or your transaxle
will be
damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the
drive wheels have to be supported on
a dolly.
5-9
Front Towing
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor
fascidfog lamp damagewill occur. Usewheel-lift
or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping
may be requiredfor car-carrier equipment. Use
safety chainsand wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage avehicle. Damage can occur fromvehicle
to ground or
vehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To
help avoid damage, install a towing
dolly and
raise thevehicle until adequateclearance is
obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attachwinch cables or J-hooks to
suspension componentswhen using car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in
the T-hook slots.
-~
~
~
~~
~
~~
~
.
~
~~
~~
~
~
.~
__
5-10
I.
These slots are to be used when loading and securing
to
car-c~arrier equipment.
Attach T-hook chains on both sides,
in the slotted holes
in the bottom of the body rail, behind the front wheels
and engineframe.
Attach a separate safety chain around
the outboard end
of each lower controlarm.
I NOTICE:
Be sure not to attach the safety chain to the drive
axle. This could cause damage to the drive
axle boot.
5-11
Rear Towing
Tow Limits -- 55 mph (88 km/h), 500 miles (800 km)
Attach T-hook chains to the
T-hook slots in the bottom
of the floor panjust ahead
of the rear wheels on
Position the lower-sling crossbar directly under
the fascia.
i
5-12
f
I
Attach a separate safety chainaround the outboard end
of eachlower control arm.
E,ngineOverheating
You will f k d a coulmt temperature gageand
the.waminglight about a hot enginean your
.instrumentpanel.
Steam fram an overheated engine can bnrn-you
badly, evenif you just open the
hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turnit off and get everyone away
CAUTION: (Continued)
If there’s still no sign of steam, you canidle the engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, to see
if
the warning stops. Butthen, if you still have the
warning, turn offthe engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not tolift the hood but to get service
help right away.
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engineis not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to
lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank
is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A. Radiator Pressure Cap
B. Two Electric Engine Cooling Fans
C. Coolant Recovery Tank
5-15
The coolant levelshould be at or above FULL COLD.
If it isn’t, you may have a leak
in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in
the cooling system.
Heater and radiatorhoses, and otherengine
parts, canbe very hot. Don’t touch them.If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engineif there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause anengine fire, andyou could be burned.
Get any leakfixed before you drive thevehicle.
5-16
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your
engine
without coolantisn’t covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
If the
see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
engine is overheating, both fans should be running.
If
they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t founda problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at FULL COLD, add a50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOL@ engine
coolant at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
Adding only plain water to yourcooling system
can bedangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant ‘mixturewill. Your vehicle’scoolant
warning systemis set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain wateror the wrong mixture,
your engine couldget too hot butyou wouldn’t
get the overheat warning.Your engine could
catch fire andyou or otherscould be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
DEX-COOL@coolant.
I NOTICE:
I n cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
You can be burnedif you spill coolanton hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolanton a hot engine.
is at
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank
FULL COLD, start your vehicle.
5-17
If the overheat warningcontinues, there’s one more
thing you can try You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator but be sure the cooling
system iscool before you do it.
Steam and scalding liquids from a cooling
hot
system canblow out and burnyou badly. They
are under pressure, and
if you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they can come out
at high speed. Never turn the capwhen the
cooling system, including theradiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for thecooling system and
radiator pressure cap to
cool if you ever have to
turn the pressurecap.
--
5-18
--
How to Add Coolant tothe Radiator
I
1. You can remove the
radiator pressure cap
when thecooling
system, includingthe
radiator pressure capand
upper radiator hose, is
no longer hot. Turnthe
pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don’t press
down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait
for that to stop.A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap, hut now
push down as you
turn it. Remove the
pressure cap.
3. Fill the radiator with the
proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture,up to
the base of the filler
neck. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index
for more information
about the proper
coolant mixture.)
4. Then fill the coolsuit recovery tankto FULL COLD.
6.
5. Put the cap backon the coolant, recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure capoff
-
7.
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. At any
time during this
procedure if coolant
begins to flow outof the
filler neck, reinstall the
pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows onthe pressure
cap line up like this.
If a Tire Goes Flat
If a front tire fails, the flat tire willcreate a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your off
footthe
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel
M y .
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well outof the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a
skid and may requirethe same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Getthe vehicle under control by
steering the way you want
the vehicle to go.It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to astop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goesflat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change aflat tire safely.
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly.
If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,”
here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
5-21
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tireand wheel damage
by driving slowlyto a level place.Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
Changing a tire cancause an injury. Thevehicle
can slip off the jack androll overyou or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
To help
Find a level place to change your tire.
prevent thevehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brakefirmly.
2. Put theshift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain thevehicle won’t move,
you can putblocks at the front and rear
of the
tire farthestaway from theone being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side
of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-22
The following steps will tell you how to use the
jack an(
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
2. Remove the wheel wrench andjack from the jack
container. Turnthe spare tire retainer bolt to the
left
and removethe retainer assembly.
3. Remove the spare tire fromthe trunk.
The equipment you’ll needis in the trunk.
Instructions for changing your tires are on
the inside of
the tire cover.You can rest the cover near you
for easy
reference while you change the tire.
1. Lift and removethe spare tire coverfor access to the
spare tire and jack.
The tools you’ll be using include the
jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B).
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing'the
Spare Tire
Your vehicle hasa wheel cover which must be taken
off
to reach the wheel nuts.Insert the flat end of the wrench
into the notch in the center cover. Pry carefully,
so the
center coveris not scratched.
1. Position the wheel wrench securely over the wheel
nuts to loosen, butdon't remove them yet.
2. Attach the wheel wrenchto the bolt on theend of the
jack to create ajack handle.
5-24
Y
3. Rotate the wheel wrench to the
left to lower thejack
lift head until it fits under the vehicle.
4. Near each wheel well isa notch in the frame to
position thejack head. You’ll find the word
JACK
and an arrow stamped into the plastic near each
notch. Position thejack under the vehicle and raise
the jack head untilit fits firmly againstthe sheet
metal next to the word
JACK. Do not raise the
vehicle yet. Put the compact spare near you.
5-25
Getting undera vehicle when it is jacked upis
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack,you
could be badlyinjured orkilled. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
1
Raising yourvehicle with t,,, jack improperly
positioned can damage thevehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personalinjury and
vehicle damage, be sure fit
to the jacklift head
into the properlocation before raising
the vehicle.
5 . Raise the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench to the
right. Raise the vehicle
far enough off the ground so
there is enough room for the spare tire to
fit.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and takeoff the flat tire.
7. Remove any rust ordirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
Never use oilor grease onstuds or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Place the spare on the
wheel-mounting surface.
~
Rust or dirt on the wheel,or on theparts to
which it is fastened,can make the wheel nuts
become looseafter a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. Whenyou change a
wheel, remove anyrust or dirt
from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, youcan use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this;but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get allthe rust or
dirt off.
5-27
9. Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded endof
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
If a nut cannot be tightened by hand, use the wrench
and see your dealer right away.
10. Lower the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench to
the left. Lower the
jack completely.
11.Using the wheel wrench,
tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightenedwheel nuts canlead to
brake pulsation and rotor
damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs,evenly tighten thewheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
12. Then replace the wheel cover. Be sure to position
the alignment pin on
the cover withthe notch in the
wheel. Apply pressure around the edge
of the cap to
snap it in place.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperlytightened
wheel nuts cancause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead toan accident.
Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts, If you have
to replace them, besure toget new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhereas soon as you can andhave the
nuts tightened with a torque wrench to100 lb-ft
(140 Nom).
I NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage thecover or the spare.
on your compact --,are
Don’t try to put a wheel cover
tire. It won’tfit. Store the wheel cover
in the trunn
until you have theflat tire repaired or replaced.
5-29
Storing theFlat Tire and Tools
I A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury.In a sudden stopor collision, loose
equipment could strike
someone. Store allthese
in the proper
place.
Store the flat tire as
far forward in the trunk as possible.
Store the jack and wheel wrenchin their comp&tmentin
the trunk.For storage, thejack must be raised until the
screw endis flush with the edgeof the jack.
5-30
SI’ ring the Snare Tire andTools
A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tireor other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury.In a sudden stopor collision, loose
equipment could strikesomeone. Store allthese
in the properplace.
The compact spareis for temporary use only. Replace
the compact sparetire with a full size tire as soon as
you
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index.See the
storage instructionslabel to replace your compact spare
into your trunk properly.
SPARE TIRE COVER
I
Compact SDT--- Tire
Although the compact SI e tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new,
it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly.It should be 60 psi
(420 kPa).
After installingthe compact spare on your vehicle,
you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated.
The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up 65
to mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your
full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want.
Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare withfull-size
a
tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you needit again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
of your vehicle.
and maybe other parts
5-31
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’tmix your compact sparetire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t
fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chainswon’t fit your compact spare.Using
them can damage your
vehicle and can damage
the chainstoo. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-32
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
What you don’t want todo when your vehicleis stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast.
The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
I
I
A CAUTION:
II
If you let your tires spin
at high speed, they can
explode, and you or otherscould be injured. And,
the transaxleor other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fireor other damage.
When you’re
stuck, spin thewheels as little aspossible. Don’t
spin thewheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
I NOTICE:
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel
left and right. That will
clear thearea around yourfront wheels. If your vehicle
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
has traction control, you should turn the system
off. (See
vehicle as well as the tires.
If you spin the wheels
“Traction Control System”in the Index.) Then shift
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
back and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward
gear, spinning the wheelsas little as possible. Release
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
the accelerator pedal while you
shift, and press lightly
on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle
is in gear. If
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, that doesn’t get youout after a few tries, you may need
see “Tire Chains” in the
Index.
to be towedout. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle” inthe Index.
5-33
5-34
fi
NOTES
5-35
5-36
,
~
Section 6 S.erviceand Appearance
Care
~
I
6-2
6-3
6- 8
6- 8
6- 11
'6- 15
6-17
6 . 18
6-20
6-23
6-25.
6-26
'6--29
6-3 1
6-33
6-39
6-47
6-48
6-51
6-54
6-54
6-55
6-56
6-56
6-64
646
6-66
6-67
6-67
6-67
6-67
0
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later t[ ak
or falloff. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of
Your Vehicle
and engine protection. Gasolines meetingthe AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability
and emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane
for premium is at least 91. If
the octane isless than 9 1, you may get a heavy knocking
noise when you drive. (In an emergency, you may
be
able to use a lower octane
-- as low as87 -- if heavy
knocking does not occur.) If you’re using
91 or higher
octane unleaded gasoline and you hear heavy knocking,
your engine needs service.
If your vehicleis certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicatedon the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operateon fuels that meet
California specifications.If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily onfuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
Fuel
performance may be affected.The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn and/or
on
your
Use premium unleaded gasolinerated at 91 octane
vehicle may fail a smog-check test.If this occurs, return
or higher. At a minimum,
it should meet specifications
to your authorized Buick dealer
for diagnosis to
ASTM D4814 in the United
States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been determine the causeof failure. In the eventit is
of the conditionis the type of
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers determined that the cause
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
Association (AAMA)for better vehicle performance
Things you might add to
the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow aroundit. This may cause wind noise
and affectwindsheld washer performance. Check with
your dealerbefore adding equipment to the
outside of
your vehicle.
6-3
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl(MMT);
ask your service station operator whether or not his fuel
contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the
use of such gasolines. If fuels containing MMT are used,
spark pluglife may be reduced and your emission
control system performance may
be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
Buick dealerfor service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in
the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to
add anything to thefuel. In addition, gasolines
containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
help clean the air. General Motors recommends that you
use these gasolinesif they comply with the
specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving
in another country outside the United
States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never
use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended
in the
previous text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’llbe driving.
You can also writeus at the following address
for
advice. Just tellus where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7
6-4
Filling Your Tank
I
Gasoline vaporis highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The release buttonis on
the driver’s door below
the inside door handle.
I
The cap is behind a hinged door onthe left side of
your vehicle.
6-5
The fuel doorcan also
be opened by using the
release in thetrunk
compartment, on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring init; if you let
go of the cap too soon,it will spring back to the right.
While refueling, hangthe tethered cap in the notch on
the fuel door.
If you get gasoline on yourself
and then
something ignitesit, you could be badly
burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you openthe
fuel filler cap too
quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely
in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler capslowly and
wait for any “hiss” noiseto stop. Then unscrew
the cap allthe way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline
from
painted surfaces as soonas possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on,
turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make
sure you fully install the cap.
The diagnostic system
can determineif the fuel cap has been leftoff or
improperly installed. This would allow
fuel to evaporate
into the atmosphere. See “Malfunction IndicatorLamp’’
in the Index.
NOTICE:
If you needa new cap, be sure to get theright
type. Your dealer can get onefor you. If you get
the wrong type,it may notfit properly. This may
cause your malfunctionindicator lamp to light
and your fueltank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “MalfunctionIndicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-7
Filliry a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under theHood
I
Never fill a portable fuel containerwhile it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the
gasoline vapor, You can
be badlyburned and yourvehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoidinjury toyou and others:
Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle's trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
Bring the fill nozzle in contactwith the
inside of the fiil opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until thefilling is complete.
Don't smoke whiIe pumping gasoline,
6-8
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engineis not running.
Keep hands, clothing and
tools away from any
underhood electricfan.
ihL
CAUTION:
I
Things that burn canget on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquidslike gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washerand
other fluids,and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill
things that will burn ontoa hotengine.
Hood Release
Pull the handleinside the
vehicle to open the hood.
The handleis located on
the lowerleft side of the
instrument panel, next to
Then go to thefront of the vehicleand locate the
secondary hood release.It is under the front edge of the
grille, slightly rightof center as you face the vehicle.
Push up on the secondary hood release leveras you lift
up the hood.
6-9
3800 Supercharged (L67) Engine
When you open the hood on the 3800 Supercharged engine, here’s what youwill see:
Windshield
A. Washer
Reservoir
Fluid
B. Remote
Positive
DipstickFluidTerminal
Battery
C. Radiator Pressure Cap
6-10
D. Engine
Dipstick
Oil
E. Oil , i l l Cap
F. Automatic
Transaxle
G. Brake
Master
Cylinder
H. Coolant
Recovery
Engine
Tank
I. Air Cleaner
1
Your vehicle has a3800 Supercharged engine.
Supercharging, rather than turbocharging, was chosen
because it emphasizes smooth, refined power.
For more information, see “Check
Oil Level Light”in
the Index. You should check your engine oil level
regularly; thisis an added reminder.
oil every time you
The superchargeris a device which is designed to pump It’s a goodidea to check your engine
get fuel. In order to getan accurate reading, the oil must
more air intothe engine thanit would normally use.
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
This air, mixed withfuel, creates increased engine
power. Since the superchargeris a pump and is driven
The engine oil dipstick is
from an engine accessory drive belt, increased pressure
a round, yellow loop
is available at all driving conditions,
located directly behind
The Powertrain ControlModule (PCM), works with
the enginefan.
a vacuum control to regulate the increased pressure
Turn off the engine and
required during specific driving conditions. When this
give the oil afew minutes
increased pressure or boostis not desired, such as during
to drain back into the oil
idling and light throttle cruising, the excess air that the
pan. If you don’t, the oil
supercharger is pumpingis routed through abypass.
dipstick might not show
All of these controls working together provide high
the actual level.
performance, character andfuel efficiency in the
3800 V6 Supercharged engine.
Engine Oil
CHECK 0 IL
LEVEL
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL
light on the instrument
panel comes on, it means
you need to check your
engine oil level right away.
6-11
C: cking Engine Oil
When to Add Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean
it with a paper towel or
cloth, then pushit back in all the way. Remove
it again,
keeping the tip down, and
check the level.
If the oilis at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart
of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kindof oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
I NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil.If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
Add engine oil atthe engine oilfill cap next to the
oil dipstick.
Be sure tofill it enough to put the level somewhere
in the proper operating range.Push the dipstick all the
way backin when you’re through.
6-12
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified
by looking for the "Starburst" symbol. This symbol
indicates thatthe oil has been certified bythe American
Petroleum Institute (API).Do not use anyoil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
I
I
If you change your own
oil, be sure you use oil
that has the Starburst
symbol on thefront of the
oil container. If you have
your oil changed for you,
be sure theoil put into
your engineis American
Petroleum Institute certified
for
pasoline engines.
- u U
You should also usethe proper viscosity oilfor your
vehicle, as shownin the following chart:
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
HOT
WEATHER
O F
7
"C
I
+loo.
t 38
+ 80.
t 21
+60.
+16 ,
+ 40.
i
20
0
Il
SAL 5W-30
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 ORANY
OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-13
As shown in the chart,S A E IOW-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can useSAE 5W-30 if it’s going
to be colder than60°F (16”C) before your next oil
change. When it’s very cold, you should use
SAE
5W-30. These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness.Do not use other viscosity oils,
such as SAE 20W-50.
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM Goodwrench@ oil meets all the requirements
for
your vehicle.
If you arein an area where the temperature falls below
-20°F (-29”C),consider using either anSAE 5W-30
synthetic oil oran SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection
for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your
oil. Your dealer is ready to
advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one ofthese is true for you, use the shorttripkity
maintenance schedule:
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
Most trips are through dusty areas.
You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on top
of your vehicle.
The vehicle is usedfor delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine
oil to
break down sooner.If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5000 km)or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use
the long triphighway
maintenance schedule. Change theoil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions causes engineoil to
break down slower.
Air Cleaner
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy
for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used
oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine
oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be real
a threat to the environment. If you
change your ownoil, be sureto drain all free-flowingoil
from the filter before disposal.Don’t ever disposeof oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring
it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams
or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing
of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station
or a local recycling
center for help.
As you face the front of the vehicle, the air cleaneris in
the front right sectionof the engine compartment. There
is a filter inside the air cleaner.
6-15
Remove the air cleaner assembly as
follows:
1. Remove the air duct clamp and separate the hose
on the
from the air cleaner cover. Rotate the hose
throttle body upwardso it isout of the way.
2. Detach the electrical connector and remove the air
cleaner cover by flipping the two latches on the
bottom inboard sideof the cover.
3. Tilt and pull the cover towardthe engine to
disengage it from the assembly.
4. Remove the oldfilter and install thenew one.
5. Reinstall the air cleaner cover by sliding the tabs into
the base of the air cleaner and locking the two
latches. Reinstall the electrical connector.
6. Rotate the inlet duct into position and slide
it onto
the air cleaner outlet, then tighten the clamp.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”in the Index.
6-16
Operating the engine with thea11 cleaner oi :an
air cleaner
cause you or othersto be burned. The
not only cleans the air,it stops flameif the engine
backfkes. If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could be burned.Don’t drive with
the
with
it off, and be careful working on engine
the air cleaner off.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can cause
a
damaging enginefire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always
have theair cleaner in
place when you’re driving.
How to Check and Add Oil
Supercharger Oil
Unless you are technically
qualified andhave the
proper tools, you should
let your dealer or a
qualified service center
perform this maintenance.
Check oil only when the engine is cold. Allow
the
engine to cool two to three hours after running.
CA” IION:
~
If you :mov( le I 2erchargeroilfillplugwhile
the engine is hot, pressure
may cause hot oil to
blow outof the oil fill hole.You may be burned.
Do not remove the plug until the engine cools.
When to Check
1. Clean the area around the oilfill plug before
removing it.
What Kind of Oil to Use
2. Remove the oil fill plug using a 3/16 inch
Allen wrench.
3. The oil level is correct when itjust reaches the
bottom of the threadsof the inspection hole.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index
and use onlythe recommended oil.
4. Replace the oil plug with the O-ringin place.
Torque to 88 lb-in (10 N-m).
Check oil level every 30,000 miles (50 000 ktn) or every
36 months, whichever occursfirst.
6-17
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When tc
eck andChange
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil
is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every
50,000 miles
(83 000 km)if the vehicle is mainly driven under one
or more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any
of these
conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require changing.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall
on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid levelif you have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, whichis 180“F to 200°F
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may (82°C to 93°C).
choose to have this done at your Buick dealership
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
Service Department.
(24 lun) when outside temperatures are above50°F
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions (10°C). If it’s colder than 50°F (lO”C), you may have
to drive longer.
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
How to Check
6-18
Checking the Fluid Level
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep;he
engine running.
The transale fluid
dipstick is a round, red
loop losatedarea.
next to the
bmke master cylinder.
Pull 'out the dipstick and
wipe it with a clean rag
or paper towel.
3. Check bothsides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluidlevel must bein the
cross-hatched
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick backin all -theway.
i
How to Add TI-13
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use.
See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
If the fluidlevel is low, add only enough ofthe proper
fluid to bring the level into
the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring
it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one
pint (0.5 L). Don’t overjill.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON@=III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON-I11
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid levelis obtained, push the
dipstick backin all the way.
Engine Coolant
The coolings stem in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL (2
engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehiclefor 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOL’ extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant whenit is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating,see “Engine Overheating”in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and DEX-COOL@
coolant will:
0
Give freezing protection downto -34°F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protectionup to 265 “F (129°C).
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
6-20
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
What to Use
I
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, is
it important thatyou
use only DEX-COOL@(silicate-free) coolant.
I€coolant other than DEX-COOL
is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosionmay result. In addition, the
engine coolantwill require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused
by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOL@
is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Use a mixture of one-halfclean water (preferably
distilled) and one-halfDEX-COOL’ coolant which
won’t damagealuminum parts. If you usethis mixture,
you don’t needto add anything else.
--
Adding only plain water to yourcooling system
can be dangerous. Plainwater, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before theproper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’scoolant
warning systemis set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain wateror the wrong mixture,
your engine couldget too hotbut you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning.Your engine could
catch fire andyou or others couldbe burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
DEX-COOL@coolant.
6-21
NOTICE:
Checking Coolant
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheatand be badly damaged.
The repaircost wouldn't be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack theengine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
1 NOTICE:
If you use the propercoolant, you don't have to
add extra inhibitorsor additives which claim to
improve thesystem. These can be harmful.
6-22
The engine coolant recovery tank
is located on the
driver's side of the engine compartment.
When your engineis cold, the coolant level should be
at FULL COLD or a little higher. When your engine
is warm, the level should be up FiLJLL
to
HOT or a
little higher.
I
LOW
COOLANT
LEVEL
If this light comes on, it
means you’re low on
engine coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol,
and it will burn if the engineparts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on
a hot engine.
Adding Coolant
~~
If you need more coolant, add
the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixtureat the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquidsto blow out and burn you badly.
With the coolant recovery
tank, you will almost
never have toadd coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap even a
little when the engine and radiator arehot.
--
--
Radiator Pressure Cap
I NOTICE:
Your radiator cap isa 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant lossand possible engine damage
from overheating.Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure
cap, a GM cap
is recommended.
6-23
Thermostat
When to Check Power SteeringFluid
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system.
The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, GM
a thermostat is
recommended.
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there
is a leak in the system
or
you hear an unusual noise.
A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
Power SteeringFluid
The power steering fluid reservoir
on the L67 engineis
located below the generator and behind
the accessory
drive belt.
How To Check Power SteeringFluid
When the engine compartmentis cool, wipe the cap and
the topof the reservoir clean, then unscrew the cap and
wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and
completely tightenit. Then remove the cap again and
look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should beat the FULL COLD mark.
If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up
to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kindof fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-24
Windshield Washer Fluid
What toUse
When you need windshield washerfluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use.
If you will be
operating your vehicle inan area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use fluid
a
that has sufficient
protection againstfreezing.
NOTICE:
0
0
Adding Washer Flu--.
0
0
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damageyour washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washersystem. Also,
water doesn’t clean aswell as washerfluid.
Fill your washer fluidtank only
three-quarters fullwhen it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tankif it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze)in
your windshieldwasher. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Open the caplabeled WASHER FLUID O K Y . Add
washer fluid until the tank isfuli.
6-25
1
Brakes
Brake Fluid
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’ta good idea to “top off’ your brake fluid.
Adding brakefluid won’t correct a leak.
If you add fluid
when your liningsare worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings.
You should add
(or remove) brake fluid,as necessary, only when work
is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
I
Your brake master cylinder reservoiris here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are onlytwo reasons why the brake fluid levelin the
reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new liningsare put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reasonis that fluidis leaking out
of the brake system.If it is, you should have your brake
6-26
If you have too much brake fluid,
it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine
is
hot enough.You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when workis done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will comeon. A chime will sound if you
try to drive withthis warning light on. See“Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid -- such as Delco Supreme11 (GM Part
No. 12377967). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
NOTICE:
@
0
Always clean the brake fluidreservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removingit. This willhelp keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
r
With the wrong kind
of fluid in your brake
system, yourbrakes may not workwell, or they
may not even work at all. This could causea
crash. Always use the proper brakefluid.
0
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brakesystem can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someoneput in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on yourvehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish
can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on yourvehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
6-27
NOTICE:
-~
Continuing to drivewith worn-out brake-pads
could result,m costly brake repair.
Replacing Brake SystemParts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex.
Its many parts have to beof top quality and work well
together if the vehicleis to have really good braking.
Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
GM brake parts. When you replace parts
of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and youhave to have new ones put in-- be sure
you get new approvedGM replacement parts.If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your
front and
rear brakes can change-- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can
change in many
other waysif someone putsin the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Battery
Every new Buick has a Delco Freedom’ battery. You
never have to add water to one
of these. When it’s time
for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’slabel.
The battery is located underthe rear seat cushion.
To access the battery, see “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index.You don’t need to access the
battery tojump start your vehicle.See “Jump Starting”
in the Index.
A CAUTION:
A battery that isnx properly
vented can let
sulfuric acid fumes into the area under the rear
seat cushion. These fumes can damage your rear
seat safety beltsystems. You may not be able to
see this damage, and the safety belts might not
a crash. If a
provide the protection needed in
replacement batteryis ever needed,it must be
vented in thesame manner as the original
battery. Always make sure that the
vent hose
is properly reattached before reinstalling the
seat cushion.
6-29
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not goingto drive your vehiclefor 25 days
or more, removethe black, negative (-) cable from
the battery.This will help keep your battery from
running down.
I
U:
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hase connectors (B) must be securely reattached to
the vent outlets (C) on each
side of the battery, and the
vent assembly grommet(D) must be secured to the
floor pan (E).
Batteric have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode.You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-30
1
Bulb Replacement
Exterior Front Bulbs
The following procedure tells you how to replace your
headlamp bulbs.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed
in this
section, contact your Buick dealer’s service department.
Halogen Bulbs
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
A. Headlamp
B. Front Turn Signal
The entire front headlamp assembly must be removed to
replace the headlamps.You may find it easier to remove
the air cleaner assembly when replacing bulbs on the
driver’s side.
6-31
Headlamps
6-32
1. Loosen the two bolts onthe inboard edge of the
headlamp assembly. This allows youto pull out
the assemblyfor more hand clearance when
changing bulbs.
2. Reach into the assembly
and turn the bulb socket
one-quarter of a turn
toward the centerof the
engine compartment,
while pressingit firmly.
from the bulb by
3. Remove the wire connector
lifting the lock tab and pullingit away from the
plastic base.
4. Install the bulb by putting the small tab
(D) into the
small notch in the lamp(E).
5 . Turn the bulbsocket one-quarter of a turn making
sure the tab is properly engaged in the panel
slot.
(A) to
6. To reassemble, attach the wire connector
the plastic base making
sure the lock tab (B) is
over the lock (C).
6-33
a The vehicle should not have
any snow, ice or mud
attached toit.
may flash their high beams at you if your adjustment
is much above plus0.4 degrees.
The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other If you find that the headlamp aiming needs adjustment,
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done. follow these steps:
a There should not be any cargo or loading
of the
vehicle, exceptit should have afull tank of gas and
one person or160 lbs. (75 kg) on the driver’s seat.
Start with the vertical headlamp
aim. Don’t try to adjust
the horizontal aimfirst. Adjustment screws can be
turned with anE8 Torx@socket or T15 Torx screwdriver.
e Tires should be properly inflated.
e Rock the vehicle to stabilize the suspension.
NOTICE:
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
For the vertical adjustment, state inspection stations
generally will allow a reading
of plus 0.76 degrees or
minus 0.76 degrees from the centerof the bubble.
It is recommended that the upper limit not exceed plus 1. Check the vertical aimfor each headlamp. The
vehicle must be on level
a
surface. Turn the vertical
0.4 degrees from the center of the bubble. Other drivers
aiming screw until the bubble
in the level is centered
at 0 (zero).
6-34
Exterior Rear Bulbs
A
2. Now adjust the horizontal aim. Checkthe horizontal
aim for each headlamp and adjust
it as necessary.
Turn the horizontal aiming screw until
the pointer is
lined up withthe 0 (zero).
3. Visually re-check the vertical aim, to make sureit is
still correct after the horizontal aim adjustment.
Readjust, if necessary.
Taillarnps: A, B and C
Rear Turn Signal:A and C
Back-up Lamps: D
The entire taillamp assembly must be removed
to
change anyof these bulbs.
6-35
R
To access them,do the following:
1. Remove the screws that secure the trunk trim over
the taillamp area.
6-36
2. Remove the plastic wing nuts that hold the taillamp
assembly in place.
TaillampdRear Thrn SignaVBack-Up Lamps
The following instructions explain how
to change
each bulb.
3. Pull the taillamp assembly away from the vehicle
carefully, to avoid scratching the paint.The taillamp
has safety strapsto help you holdthe assembly while
replacing the bulbs.
1. Remove the bulb socket assembly by squeezing the
plastic lock and turning
it one-quarter of a turn to
the left.
6-37
Interior Lamps
Front and Rear ReadingLamps
To change the bulbs in the front and rear reading lamps,
do the following:
1. Carefully insert a flat head screwdriver in theslot
between the lens cover and molding.
2. Gently pry the lens cover away to expose
the reading
lamp bulb.The lens cover should popoff.
3. Twist or pull the bulb from its assembly and install a
new bulb.
4. Snap the lens cover back in place.
2. Pull the bulb straight outto remove it from
the socket.
3. Install a new bulb into the socket. Reverse the
instructions to replace the taillamp assembly.
6-38
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
3. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiperarm.
For the proper windshield wiper blade length and
type, see “Norrnal Maintenance Replacement Parts”
in the Index.
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see
your Buick Warranty bookletfor details.
Replacement blades comein different types and are
removed in different ways. Here’s how to remove
the
type with a release hole:
1. Pull the windshield wiperarm away from the
windshield.
2. Insert a small screwdriver intothe hole (A) and pull
the blade assemblyoff the wiper arm (B).
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle”in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-39
NOTICE:
0
0
0
Underinflated tirespose the same danger
as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury.
Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure shouldbe checked
when your tires arecold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be cut,
punctured or broken by a sudden impact
such aswhen you hit a pothole, Keep tires
at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can causeaccidents. If your
tread is badly worn,or if your tires have
been damaged, replacethem.
--
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, whichis located on
the rear edgeof the driver’s door shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting
for at least
three hours or driven no more than1 mile (1.6 Ism).
6-40
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflationor
overinflation is all right.It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enoughair (underinflation),you can
get the following:
0 Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
0 Bad fuel economy.
If your tires havetoo much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
0 Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tiresonce a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire.
It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tellif your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to the
put valve caps back on the valve stems. They
When rotating your tires, always use
the correct
help prevent leaks by keeping outdirt and moisture.
rotation pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire
in your
Tire Inspection and Rotation
tire rotation.
Tires should be rotated every6,000 to 8,000 miles
After the tires have been
rotated, adjust thefront
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
and rear inflation pressures as shown on
the
wear, rotate your tiresas soon as possible and check
wheel alignment.Also check for damaged tires or wheels. Tire-Loading Information label. Make certain that
all wheel nuts are properly tightened. See “Wheel
See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and “Wheel
Nut Torque” in the Index.
Replacement” laterin this section for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tireson the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important.See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
When It’s Timefor NEWTires
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel
nuts become loose
and cause
after a time. The wheel could come off
an accident. When you changea wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, youcan
use a cloth or a paper towel todo this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all therust or dirtoff. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.)
Yim need a new tire if any 6f the following statements
are m e :
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and sizeof tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
Mixing tires could cause
you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial andbias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could havea crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to yourvehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all
wheels.
It’s all right to drive
with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
The tires installed on your vehicle when
it was new had
a TirePerfomance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPCSpec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an
“MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace yourtires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
I
A CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks
after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash.Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on yourvehicle.
6-43
Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, atire graded 150 would wear one and a
half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance
of
tires depends upon the actual conditions
of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
-- A, B, C
'1'1 traction grades, from highest to lowest, are A, B,
and C, and they represent the tire's ability to stop on
wet pavement as measured under controlled conditions
on specified government test surfaces
of asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned
to this tireis based
on braking (straight ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
6-44
--
Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest), B, andC,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause
the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire
life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to alevel of
performance which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B andA represent higher levelsof
performance onthe laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature gradefor this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire
failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give
you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However,if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pullingone way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset.
If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the
wheel leaks air, replaceit (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind
of wheel youneed.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the oneit replaces.
If you need to replace any
of your wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This
way, you will besure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for
your Buick model.
6-45
Used Replacement Wheels
IN:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheelbolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling
of your
vehicle, make your tireslose air and makeyou
lose control. You could have acollision in which
you or otherscould be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for
replacement.
I NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire
or tire
chain clearance to the
body and chassis.
See “Changinga Flat Tire”in the Index for more
information.
6-46
A CAUTION:
-
Putting a used wheel onyour vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s beenused or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and causean accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipmentwheel.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legaland only when
you must. Use onlySAE Class “S” type chains
that arethe proper size for your tires.Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible withthe ends securely
fastened. Drive slowlyand follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions.If you can hear the
chains contacting your
vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down untilit
stops. Driving toofast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products canbe hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst
into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part
of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumesin a closed space.
When you use anythingfrom a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to followthe manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
CarbonTetrachloride
0
Acetone
0
PaintThinner
0
Turpentine
0
LacquerThinner
0
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous-- some more than
others -- and they canall damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use anyof these unless thismanual~saysyou can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
0
Alcohol
LaundrySoap
Bleach
ReducingAgents
6-47
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often get
to rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and
Soil
Remover. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. You can get GM-approved cleaning products from
your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” in
the Index.)
Here are some cleaning tips:
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can-- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix powdered cleaner following the directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. Don’t
saturate the material and don’t rub
it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
6. Wipe cleaned area witha clean, damp towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth andlet dry.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change toa
clean area often. A soft brush
may be usedif
stains are stubborn.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, cleanthe entire
area immediately orit will set.
6-48
I
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Cleaning Vinyl
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
Use warm water anda clean cloth.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the multi-purpose interior
cleaner instructions described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with awaterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Letdry.
Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructionsfor
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.You
may have todo it more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get themoff quickly. Use a clean
cloth and a vinyvleather cleaner.See your dealer
for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap
or saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally.
Do not use heat to dry.
For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-49
CleaninL :he Top of the Instrument Panel
Care of Safety Belts
Use only mild soap and water to clean
the top surfaces
Keep belts clean and dry.
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections
in the windshield
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and
water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners
may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a cleancloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap).Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently,
so that the
speaker won’tbe damaged. Clean spots with
just
water and mild soap.
Do not bleachor uye s h d y belts. If you do,it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films on
interior glass.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches.Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have
to be scrapedoff later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside
of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may
be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across
the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish
is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Clean the outside ofthe windshield with GM Windshield
Cleaner, Bon
Powder (non-scratching glass
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays
of the sun.
cleaning powder), GMPart No. 1050011. The windshield
Don’t
use
strong
soaps
or
chemical
detergents.
Use
is cleanif beads do not form when you rinse it with water.
liquid hand, dish orcar washing (mild detergent) soaps.
Grime from the windshield willstick to the wiper
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
blades and affect their performance. Clean the blade
dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the
by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in
Index.) Don’t use cleaning agents that
are petroleum
full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
rinse the blade with water.
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
dry on the surface, or they could stain. the
Dryfinish
replace blades that look worn.
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
A
m
i
@
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth
at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application maybe required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.)
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
6-51
Cleaning Exterior LampsLenses
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a liquid
hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soap to clean
exterior lamps and lenses. Follow instructions under
“Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
I NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoatklearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your vehicle by
Foreign materials suchas calcium chloride and other
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paintsalts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” damage your vehicle’s finishif they remain on painted
in the Index.)
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
Your Buick has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the
colored basecoat. Always use waxes’ and polishes
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
that are non-abrasive and made
for a basecoatlclearcoat
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
Da finish.
of years. You can help to keepthe paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome Wheels Cleaning Tires
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with asoft clean towel.A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar tothe painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage the surface. You may use chromepolish on
chrome wheels, but avoid any painted surface
of the
wheel, and buff off immediately after application.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic wash
car
that has silicon carbidetire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damagethe surface of these wheels.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
I NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care
to wipe off any overspray or splash from all
painted surfaces on thebody or wheels of the
vehicle. Petroleum-based products may damage
the paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicleis damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
6-53
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon
quickly andmay develop into a major repair expense.
and attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-updamage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
materials available from your dealer or other service
into the paint surface.
outlets. Larger areasof finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals useu for ice and IW removal and dust
control can collecton the unuerbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur
on the
underbody parts such asfuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed
in closed areas
of the frame shouldbe loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody
car washing system can
do this for you.
6-54
Although no defect in the paint
job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to
the owner, the surfacesof
new vehicles damaged bythis fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20000 km)of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Appearance Care Materials Chart
I
I
USAGE
DESCRIPTION SIZE
in. x 25 in.
Polishing
Exterior -polishing
- cloth
- Cloth- Wax Treated 23
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Tat- and Road Oil Remover
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Chrome Cleaner and Polish Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copperand brass
oz. (0.473 L)
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner 16 Removes soil and black marksfrom whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Vinyl Cleaner
32 oz. (0.946 L)
Removes dirt, m
oz. (0.680 L) I
Glass Cleaner 23
- e , smoke and fingerprints
- I
I
I 16 oz. (0.473 L) I Wash
Wax
Concentrate
I
Cleans and lightly
waxes
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglasm , plastic,
1052918**.
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Armor All” Protectant
rubber and vinyl
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
16 oz. (0.473 L)
1052925
and floor mats
Cleaner
Wheel
Cleaner
I
Spray
rinse
and
with
water
on
I 16 oz. (0.473 L) I
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
1052930
Cleans and shines a varietyof surface types
Armor All” Cleaner
16 oz. (0.473 L)
12345002
Shines vehicle without scratching Synthetic Chamois 2.5
sq. ft.
12345721
Spray on tire shine
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12345725
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants Finish En
12377964
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Cleaner Wax
12377966
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
Surface Cleaner 16
12377984
oz. (0.473 L)
** Not recommended for use on instrument panel vinyl.
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
PART NUMBER
994954
1050 172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
1052870
1
I
I
~
6-55
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
yourVIN,
the model designation,
0
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
f.
ENGINE/1998
\ ASSEMBLY
CODE
MODEL YEAR
PLANT
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on
a plate in the front corner
of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side.You can see itif you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on theVehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificatesof title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the underside
of the spare tire
cover. It’s very helpfulif you ever need to order parts.
On this labelis:
6-56
Be sure that this label is not removed
from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Add-on Electrical Equipment
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electricalto your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
Headlamp Wiring
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The headlamp wiringis protected by a circuit breaker.
An electrical overloadwill cause the lamps to go on and
off, or in some ca.ses to remain off.
If this happens, have
your headlamp wiring checked right away.
The wiring circuitsin your vehicle are protected
from short circuitsby a combination of fuses and
circuit breakers.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and afuse. If the motor overheatsdue to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper willstop until the motor cools.If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem and
not snow, etc., be sure to getit fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakersin the fuse panel protectthe power
windows and other power accessories. When
the
current loadis too heavy, the circuit breaker opens
and closes, protecting the circuit until
the problem is
fixed or goes away.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the
fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a badfuse with a new oneof the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature
of your vehicle that
you can get along without-- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
6-57
Instrument Panel FuseBlock
r
There is a fuse panel located at the end
of the instrument
panel near the driver’s door.
There is an underhood electrical center and
two other
fuse panels located under the rear seat.
6-58
CNTRL
LIGHTS
Fuse Usage
Fuse Usage
1
Air Bag
15
Cruise Control
2
Injectors
16
Perimeter Lights
3
Anti-Lock Brake System
17
Not Used
4
Left Exterior Lamps
18
Not Used
5
Turn Signal Lamps
19
Radio
6
Oxygen Sensor
20
Cooling Fan
7
Climate Control
21
Not Used
8
Right Exterior Lamps
22
Not Used
9
HVAC Relay
23
Windshield Wipers
10
MAF
24
Flat Pack Motor
11
Auxiliary Power
25
PCM
12
Interior Lamps
26
Cigarette Lighter
13
Chime
27
Crank
14
TMNSS
28
HVAC Blower
6-59
Engine CompartmentFuse Block
1
Fuse Usage
1 Air Conditionmg Lompressor
I
I
HORN
11
/I
COOLING
FAN # 3
COOLING
FAN # 2
2
Not Used
3
Not Used
4
Horn
5
Not Used
6
Not Used
7
Cooling Fan#2
8
Cooling Fan#3
9
Cooling Fan
10
11
ABS Main
ABS Pump Motor
12
Not Used
13
Horn
14
Not Used
J
1
6-60
Under RearSeat Fuse Block
TRUNK
UNLOCK
DEFG - RR
#2
DEFG - REt
#1
L
RAP
ACSRY
OPEN
Fuse
Usage
1
Open
2
Electronic Level Control
3
Trunk Release Relay
4
Open
5
Fuel Pump Relay
6
Driver Door Unlock Relay
7- 10
Open
11
Rear Defogger Relay (Upper Zone)
12
Rear Defogger Relay (Lower Zone)
13
op--
14
sp;
15
Spare
16
Spare
17-22
Open
23
Direct Accessory Power - Accessory
24
Open
6-61
ler
:ar Seat Fuse Block
I
CB
HVAC
BLO
MTR
VATS
IGN 1
Fuse
Usage
1-2
Spare
3
Open
4
Breaker - Power WindowdSunroof
5-6
Spare
7
Open
8-9
Spare
10
Open
11
Breaker - Power Seats
12-13
Spare
14
Open
15
Power Steering
16
Breaker-Headlamps
17
HVAC Blower Motor
18
Powel’ -1in Control ModulePASS-KeyII
19
Ignition 3
20
Ignition 1
21
Rear Defogger
I
6-62
Fuse
Usage
Fuse
Usage
22
Trunk and FuelDoor Releases
33
Fuel Door Release
23
Electronic Level Control
34
Trunk Release
24
Heated Seats/Instrument Panel
35
Battery Thennistor
25
Exterior Lamps
36
Instrument Panel#2
26
Open
37
Instrument Panel#1
21
Power Door Locks
38
Heated Seats
28
Interior Lamps
39
Fuel Pump
29
Hazard Lamps/Stoplamps
40
Open
30
Parking Lamps
41
Defog 2
31
Heated Mirror
42
Defog 1
32
Open
6-63
, ,..
To Reinstall theRear Seat Cushion
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt, then
route the safety belts through the proper slots in the
seat cushion. Don’tlet the safety beltsget twisted.
A safety beltthat isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushionor is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash.
If the safety belt
at
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion
all, it won’t be there to work for next
the
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling
the seat
cushion, always check to be
sure that thesafety
belts are properly routed and are twisted.
not
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and underthe
seatback so the rear locating guides hook
into the
wire loops on the back frame.
3.. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press downon the seat cushion until the spring
locks on both ends engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety beltsare properly
routed and that no portion
of any safety beltis
trapped under the seat.
Also make sure the seat
cushion is secured.
6-65
Replacement Bulbs
Application .........................
Number
Exterior
Headlamp
High-Beam ..........................
9005
1’
Low-Beam ..........................
9006
Parking/Turn ...........................
3057
Back-up ...............................
3057
Tail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Tai. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3057
Interior
RailCourtesy,Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PC168
Front Overhead Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PC168
For service informationon other bulbs, contact your
dealer’s service department,
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are givenin
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index
for more information.
6-66
Engine Code 1 (L67) 3.8L V6 SF1
Automatic Transaxle
. Drain and Refill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 quarts (7.0 L)
Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 quarts (9.5 L)
Whenpe formingeither transaxle procedure,cheek
fluid level when done. Morefluid may be needed.
Belt Tensions . . . . . . . . . . . Automatically controlled
by a Self-Tension idler pulley.
Tension adjustment should never be necessary.
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 quarts (12.5 L)
Engine Crankcase (oil change with
filter change) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
FuelTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.5 gallons(70 L)
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N-m)
Tire Pressure . . . . . . . See Tire-Loading Information
label on the rearedge of the driver’s door.
R-134a Air Conditioning . . . See refrigerant charge
label underthe hood.
NOTE: All capacities are approximate. When adding,
be sure tofill to the appropriate level as recommended
in this manual.
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant
is used. If
you're not sure, ask your dealer.
Engine Specifications
L67
Engine
VIN Engine Code ...........................
1
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V6
Displacement ............................
3.8L
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240-hp
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6-5-4-3-2
ThermostatTemperature . . . . . . . . . . . 195°F (91 "C)
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Filter ......................
A1096C
EngineOilFilter ........................
PF47
RadiatorCap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RC27
Sparkplugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41-921,
Gap 0.060 inch (1.52 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.32pin
Length .....................
22 inches (56 cm)
Vehicle Dimensions
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207.2 inches (526.3 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75.0 inches (190.5 cm)
Height ....................
.55.2 inches (140 cm)
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113.8 inches (289 cm)
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.5 inches (158.8 cm)
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62.6 inches (159 cm)
6-67
Supercharged Engine Accessory Belt
(L67)
1. Front Belt
2. Back Belt
F
6-68
A. Generator
B. Power Steering
C. Crank
D. Supercharger
E. Coolant Pump
E Air Conditioning
The
Supercharged 3800 eng11
wo accessory we
belts. One belt drives the generator, power steering
pump, coolant pump andair conditioning compressor.
The second belt drives the supercharger. Each belt has
its own tensionerand idler pulley.
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
T h s section covers the maintenance required
for your Buick.Your vehicle needs these services to retain
its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-2
7-4
7-4
7-4
Introduction
How this Section is Organized
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
Selecting the Right Schedule
7-3 1
7-35
7-36
7-3 8
Part B: OwnerChecksandServices
PartC:PeriodicMaintenanceInspections
Part D: RecommendedFluidsandLubricants
Part E: MaintenanceRecord
7-1
4
Introduction
IMPORTANT-
KEEP ENGINE OIL
I ATTHE PROPER I
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
I
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but
also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the qualityof the airwe breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into
five parts:
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warrantyand Owner Assistance booklet, or your Buick
dealerfor details.
7-2
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”shows
what to have done and how often. Some
of these
services canbe complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these
jobs.
Performing maintenance work ona vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriouslyinjured. Do your own maintenance
work onlyif you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have anydoubt, have a qualified
technician dothe work.
If you are skilled enough todo some work on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get
the service
information. See “Service and Owner Publications” in
the Index.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
It also explains what you
should be checked and when.
can easily do to help keep your vehicle
in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains
important inspectionsthat your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluidsand Lubricants” lists
some recommended products to help
keep your vehicle
properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, shouldbe used whether you dothe work
yourself orhave it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record”provides a placefor
you to recordthe maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenanceis performed, be
sure to writeit down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition,it is a good ideato keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle
for
warranty repairs.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help
you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll driveit. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances allthe time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehiclein making deliveries. Oryou
may drive it to work, to do errands orin many
other ways.
The proper fluids and lubricants
to use are listedin
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. Allparts should be replaced andall necessary
repairs done beforeyou or anyone else drives
the vehicle.
These schedules arefor vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limitson your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label.See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
Because of all the different ways people use their
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel”in the Index.
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find Selecting the Right Schedule
in the schedules in this section.So please read this
First you’ll need to decide which
of the two schedules is
section and note how you drive.
If you have any
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
schedule to follow:
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them.
If you
go to your dealerfor your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people
will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
7-4
Maintenance Schedule
I Short TripKity Definition
Follow the Short TripKity Maintenance Scheduleif any
one of these conditionsis true for your vehicle:
0
Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 lun).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
0
Most trips are through dusty areas.
0
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
of
your vehicle.
0
If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
One’of the reasons you should follow this schedule if
you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions
is that these conditions cause engine oil to break
down soonel:
Maintenance Schedule
I Long Tripmighway Definition
Long Tripmighway Intervals
Follow this maintenance scheduleonly if none of the
Every 7,500 Miles (12500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance
Change (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
Schedule is true. Do not use this schedule if the vehicle Chassis Lubrication (or every12 months, whichever
is used for trailer towing, drivenin a dusty area or used
occurs first). Tire Rotation.
off paved roads. Usethe Short Trip/City schedulefor
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km):
Supercharger Oil
these conditions.
Check (or every 36 months, whichever occurs first)
Driving a vehicle with a f i l l y warmed engine under
(3.8L Code 1 engine only).Air Cleaner Filter
highway conditions causes engine oil to break
Replacement. FuelTank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
down slowel:
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km):
Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166
000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km):
Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs
first).
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
7-6
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
The services shownin this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after100,000miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.The services shown
at 150,000miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after150,000miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
1
# Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage, parking brake
cable guides and the underbody contact points
and linkage.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections”in Part Cof this schedule.
Footnotes
?- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agencyor the
California Air Resources Boardhas determined thatthe
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit
recall liability prior tothe
completion of the vehicle’s usefullife. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services
be
performed at the indicated intervals andthe maintenance
be recorded.
7-7
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
3,000 Miles (5000 km)
DATE
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
(See footnote#.)
for proper
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
9,000 Miles ( I 5 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
7-8
DATE
I
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
DATE
MILEAGE
I
1 SERVICEDBY I
I
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
0 Lubricate chassis components(or every 6 months, whichever occurs first).
Cl
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filterif necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
DATE
MILEAGE
DATE
I
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components(or every 6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” inthe Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
7-9
Short WiplCity Maintenance Schedule
I
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL I SERVICEDBY: I
I MILEAGE
I
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
(See footnote#.)
17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”theinIndex for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
7-10
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I DATE
MILEAGE
I SERVICEDBY: I
I ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule I
30,000 Miles (50000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components(or every 6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspectfuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replaceparts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
For supercharged engines only: Check the supercharger oil level
36 months, whichever occurs first).
and add oil as needed (or every
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in this section.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
in the Indexfor proper
0 Rotate tires.See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
DATE
I
33,000 Miles (55000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Contrc Yer :e.
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
DATE
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I SERVICEDBY: I
I
I SERVICEDBY: I
7-11
I
Short Trip/City MaintenancSchedulel
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components(I- -- - --,
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
.
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
Change engine oil and filte1 (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
7-12
Ic
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
1
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
I DATE
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are drivingin dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
I
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
I DATE
under one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90°F (32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
(Continued)
SERVICED B Y
DATE
Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ the
in Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven
I
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
I SERVICED BY:
I
MILEAGE
7-13
1
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
I
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)(Continued)
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require changing.
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
El Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
DATE
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
DATE
I
SERVICED BY:
I
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
DATE
I
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
(See footnote #.)
Inspect engine accessorydrive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank,cap and linesfor damage or leaks. Inspectfuel
cap gasketfor any damage. Replace partsas needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
For supercharged engines only: Checkthe supercharger oil level and add oil as
needed (or every36 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in this section.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote”f)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
7-15
I
~
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
63,000 Miles (I05 000 km)
I DATE
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
I
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
I
I DATE
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every
An Emission Control Service.
6 months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
(See footnote#.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
I
I
DATE
I7 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
I
72,000 Miles (I20 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
1 Emission
Control Service.
DATE
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
[7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (Seefootnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are drivingin dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
I DATE
I
MILEAGE
DATE
Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
7-17
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
81,000 Miles (I35 000 km)
DATE
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
MILEAGE
An Emission Control Service.
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
DATE
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
MILEAGE
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
90,000 Miles (I50 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
7-18
DATE
I
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
I SERVICEDBY: I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and linesfor damage or leaks. Inspect fuel
cap gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
For supercharged engines only: Check
the supercharger oil level andadd oil as
needed (or every36 months, whichever occursfirst). See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in this section.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
Cl Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See
footnote +.)
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
DATE
I
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
96,000 Miles (I60 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
MILEAGE
(Continued) ?
7-19
1I
Short TripKity MaintenanceSchedule
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)(Continued)
Lubricate chassis components (or every6 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires.See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in
the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filterif the vehicleis mainly driven
under one or more
of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90°F (32°C) or higher.
7-20
I DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY
I
Short TripKity Maintenance Schedule
I
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as foundin taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not useyour vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require changing.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
60 months since last service,
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every
whicheveroccurs first). See “EngineCoolant”in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
MILEAGE
I
I
I
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 b)
should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000krn) should be performed at
the same interval after150,000miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
# Lubricate the transaxle shift linkage,
parang brake
cable guides and the underbody contact points
and linkage.
+ A good
time to check your
brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” inPart C of this schedule.
Footnotes
3- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
7-22
---
3 ‘TripmighwayMaintenant
DCIICUUI~~
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
DATE
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
MILEAGE
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” inthe Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
!JChange engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
(See footnote #.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
DATE
I
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
DATE
I
I SERVICEDBY I
I
MILEAGE
7-23
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
I
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
I DATE
0
I
MILEAGE
0
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
7-24
I DATE
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I
I SERVICEDBY I
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern andadhtional information. (See footnote+.)
DATE
I
I DATE
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
I7 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
~
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and
filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more
of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90°F (32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
I
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
I SERVICEDBY: I
(Continued)
7-25
b
I
Long rrlpnighway Maintena,nceSchedule
50,000 Miles (83 000 km) (Continued)
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require changing.
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
7-26
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
I SERVICEDBY: I
I
I SERVICEDBY: I
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
0 For supercharged engines only: Checkthe supercharger oil level and
add oil as needed (or every36 months, whichever occurs first).
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in this section.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote”f)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap andlines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote #.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
7-27
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
MILEAGE
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
El Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Sewice.
0 Lubricate chassis components (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
(See footnote#.)
7-28
DATE
I
Long Tripmighway Maintenance Schedule
Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Sewice.
Inspect fuel tank, cap and linesfor damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket €or any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
0 For supercharged enginesonly: Check the supercharger oil level and
add oil as needed (or every36 months, whichever occursfirst). See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in this section.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote?.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricatechassiscomponents(or every 12 months,whicheveroccurs first).
(See footnote #.)
CI Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
(See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
%
7-29
I
Long TripjHighway Maintenance Schedule
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid andfilter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90°F (32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as foundin taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, thefluid and
filter do not require changing.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every
60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first).See “Engine Coolant” inthe Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-30
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specifiedhelp
to
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, makesure they are the proper ones, as shown in
Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at eachfuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engineoil level and addthe proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL@
coolant mixtureif necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Indexfor further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid levelin the
windshield washer tank and add
the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index
for further details.
At Least Oncea Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflatedto the correct pressures.
See “Tires” inthe Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems”in the Index
for further details.
Power Antenna Service
Clean power antenna mast. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-31
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Key Lock C inders Service
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are specified in PartD.
working properly. Lookfor any other loose or damaged
Body Lubrication Service
safety belt system parts.
If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing job,
its have it
Lubricate all body door hinges.
Also lubricate all hinges
repaired. Have anytorn or frayed safety belts replaced. and latches, including those for the hood, glove box door,
console door and any folding seat hardware.
Part D tells
Also lookfor any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repairedor replaced. (The air bag system you what to use. More fi-equent lubrication may be
required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper bladesfor wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
m i s s areas of the windshield. Alsosee “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See
“Automatic Transaxle” inthe Index. A fluid lossmay
indicate a problem. Check the system and repair
if needed.
1
7-32
.
Starter Switch Check
I
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check
/!\ CAUTION:
A CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
When you are doi this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply boththe parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the
regular brake.
NOTE: Do not usethe accelerator pedal, and be
ready toturn off the engine immediately ifit starts.
3. Try to start the enginein each gear. The starter
should work only inPARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N).
If the starter worksin any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
1. Before you start, besure you have enoughroom
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake’’
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engineoff, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’tstart the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try
to move the shift lever outof
PARK (P) with normal effort.
If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI
needs service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set,
try to turn
the ignition key to
LOCK in each shift lever position.
The key should turn toLOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (I?).
The key should come out only inLOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK
(P)
Mechanism Check
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move.You or others could be
7-34
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
0
To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL
(N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-35
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by narne, System
equivalent DOT-3 Brake Fluid).
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
lubricant meeting requirementsof
Engine Oil
Engine Oil withthe American
NLGI # 2, Category LB or
Petroleum Institute Certified For
GC-LB.
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
Power Steering GM Power Steering Fluid (GM
symbol of the proper viscosity.To
System
Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
determine the preferred viscosity
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
for your vehicle’s engine,see
DEXRON@-I11 Automatic
Automatic
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Transmission Fluid.
Transaxle
Engine Coolant 50/50 mixture of clean water
Multi-PuoseLubricant,
Key Lock
(preferably distilled) and use only
Superlube% (GM Part
Cylinders
GM Goodwrench@ DEX-COOL@
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
or Havoline’ DEX-COOL’
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
@
~~
~
!
i
1
7-36
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Supercharger
Supercharger Oil (GM Part
No. 12345982). See “Supercharger
Oil“ in the Index.
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent)or
lubricant meeting requirementsof
NLGI # 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate@ Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-PuoseLubricant,
Superlube% (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@ Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
7-37
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also,
you should retain all
maintenance receipts.Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to storethem.
Maintenance Record
I
DATE
7-38
I
ODOMETER
READING
1
SERVICED BY
I
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
7-39
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
DATE
7-40
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you will find out how to contact Buick
if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and howto report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistancefor Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
Roadside Assistance
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Courtesy Transportation
GM Participation in an Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
8-9
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to
the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
Ordering Service and Owner Public.ations
in Canada
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Buick dealers have the
facdities, trained technicians and
up-to-date information to promptly address any
concerns you may have. However, if a concern has not
been resolved to your complete satisfaction, take the
following steps:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern witha member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level.
If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the ownerof the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contactinga member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Kelations Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GMof Canada
Customer Communication Centrein Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
For help outsideof the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
0 In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
0 In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
0
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1400-496-9994
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-751-4135
(English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish)
0
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
0
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
In all other Caribbean countries: (809) 763- 13 15
In other overseas locations,call GM Overseas
Distribution Corporationin Canada at:
(905) 644-4112.
0
0
0
8-3
For prompt assistance,please'have the following
information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
0
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the topleft of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle deliverydate and present mileage
0
Nature of concern
*
We encourage you to call usso we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Buick, address your inquiryto:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motor -If Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
~
8-4
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information bookletfor addresses of GM
Overseas offices.
When contacting Buick, please remember
that your
concern will likelybe resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer's facilities, equipment and personnel. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard
of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. AnyTTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Roadside %sistance
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our networkof over 2,800 Buick
dealers. Buick Premium Roadside Assistance provides an
extra measure of convenience and security.
BUCK PREMIUM ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE:
Provides owners with accessto minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles. Although Roadside
Assistance is not a repair facility,it is a means of
assisting customers in an emergency situation.
0
Buick Motor Divisionis proud to offer Buick Premium
Roadside Assistance to customers
for vehicles covered
under the 3 year/36,000 mile(60 000 km) new car
warranty (whichever occursfirst).
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24 hours
a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For details on Buick Premium Roadside Assistance,
please consult your Buick Premium Roadside Assistance
owner booklet included with your owner’s manual. For
needed assistance,call the Buick Premium Roadside
Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-2521112.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canadahave an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada orthe United States. Please refer the
to
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
8-5
k’
Courtesy Transportation
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service
-- and
service means “keeping you on the road.”
Included with your Buick new car warranty
(3 years/36,000 miles (60000 km), whichever occurs
first), is Courtesy Transportation, a program which
will provide Buick retail and lease customers with:
@
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy
of Buick Motor Division, up to $30
a day (five
days maximum) for vehicles requiring overnight
warranty repairs. Also, reimbursement up to
$30 a
day (five days maximum) may be available
for the
cost of a rental car, bus or even a cab.
A free one-way shuttle ride or vehicle pick-upfrom a
location up to 10 miles (16 km)from the dealership
is available for those whose vehicle only requires
same day warranty repairs.
NOTE: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by your Buick dealer
service management.
Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s way of extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect from Buick
and its over 2,800 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glovebox card contained in your vehicle
or consult your Buick dealer
for details.
Because of uncertain availability, it is frequently not
possible to provide customers with the same model
loaner vehicle (including optional equipment) as
the
vehicle the customer owns or leases and has brought in
for warranty repair. If a loaner vehicleis required, please
consult your dealershipfor complete program details
and loaner car availability in your area.
Some state insurance regulations make
it impractical
to rent vehicles to people under
21 years of age. If you
are under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Buick
will reimburse you up to $3O/day,
for any documented
transportation you receive. Please consult your dealer
for details.
For warranty repairs during the Complete Vehicle
Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
interim transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation program. Please consult your
dealer for details. The Courtesy Transportation program
is available onlyin the United States and Canada.
In Canada, please consult yourGM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportatil
Buick reserves the right to make any cnanges or
discontinue the Courtesy Transportation program at
any time without notification.
GM Participation in an Alternative
Dispute Resolution Program
This program is available in all 50 states andthe District
of Columbia. Canadian owners refer to your Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information booklet
for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP). General Motors reserves the right to
change eligibility limitations and/or to discontinue its
participation in this program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed
to making sure youare completely satisfied with
your new vehicle. Our experience has shown that,
if a situation arises where you
feel your concern
has not been adequately addressed,the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure described earlier
in this
section is very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third
party
can assist in arriving at a solution
to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation
of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty.To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Buick voluntarily participates in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered bythe Better Business Bureau system to
settle automotive disputes. This program is available
free of charge to customers who currently own or
lease a
GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure, you may contact the
BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus,
Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203- 1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number
and a statementof the natureof your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resortto AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBBat any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolvethe complaint serving as an intermediary.If
this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will
be scheduled where eligible customers
may present their
case to an impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject.If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire dispute resolution
procedure should ordinarily take about
40 days from the
time you file a claim until a decision
is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filing a claim witha,state-run arbitration program
or inthe courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Centerat 1-800-521 -7300.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
8-8
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition
to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,it may open an
investigation, andif it finds that a safety defect exists in
a groupof vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA,you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, OntarioKlG 352
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In Canada, please callus at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 ColonelSam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Ordering Service and Owner
Publications in Canada
Service manuals, owner’s manuals and other service
literature are available for purchase for all current and
past model General Motors vehicles.
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this,
we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please callus at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
8-9
1998 BUICK SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Sewice Publication Order Form in this book and mailing
it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 1998 BUCK
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $90.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
1998 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $40.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SE.LL PRICE: $10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form,please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
$&I
8-12
NOTES
ram
Section 9 Index
Accessory Power Outlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
AirBag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Readiness Light .........................
1-23, 2-67
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-27
1-25
What Makes it Inflate ..........................
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-15
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-67
Air Control. Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3.4
Universal Theft-Deterrent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 15
Alignment and Balance. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Antenna.Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69. 4-7
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Anti-Theft.Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-15
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
6-55
Appearance
Care Materials .......................
..
..............................
8-7
Arbitration
Alarm.
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-56
AssistHandles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-58
Astroroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-58
Audio Controls. SteeringWheel Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.18
Audio Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10
Automatic Dimming Outside Rearview Mirror. . . . . . . . 2-50
AutomaticTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-32
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
7-34
Park Mechanism Check ........................
B a c k - u p Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . 6.35.6.37
6-29
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Rundown Protection ...........................
2-45
2-67
WarningLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.
5.5
BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Belt. Engine Accessory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-68
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
9-1
9-2
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Daytime Running Larnps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Defects.ReportingSafety .........................
8-8
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Defogger. Rear Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Delayed Entry Lighting ..........................
2-43
Delayed Exit Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
DelayedLocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
Dimensions.Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-67
Door
2-75
AjarLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ajar Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Central Unlocking System .......................
2-4
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Locks. Delayed Locking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
MemoryLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Driving
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-20
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-26
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-16
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-15
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
9-3
Driving
On Hill and Mountain Roads ....................
4-22
On Snow and Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Throughwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
Wet Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 16
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-24
4-34
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control. . . . . . . . . 3-2
Electrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.19.6.56
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
WithCompass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Electronic Level Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3 1
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 10
Accessory Belt ................................ 6-68
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
CoolantHeater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
7-31
Coolant Level Check
Coolant Temperature Gage .....................
2-7 1
Coolant Temperature Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-31
6-60
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
7-31
OilLevelCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
2-32
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-67
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
StartingYour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
Supercharged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-10
9-4
ngineOil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-11
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
PressureLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-74
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-15
Whentochange ..............................
6-14
Exhaust, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-31
Exit Lighting, Delayed ...........................
2-43
Express-Down Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Fabric Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Fan Button. Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
FillingYourTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6-16
Filter, Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finishcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Finish Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Flashers, Hazard Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Flash-To-Pass Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
Flat Tire, Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-22
Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
FrenchLanguageManual ...........................
11
..
FrontTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-10
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Filling Your Tank ..............................
6-5
Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-75
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-4
Fuse Block, Under Rear Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61, 6-62
6-57
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
FranGais
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-71
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-75
Garage Door Opener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 1.2.59
GAWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29..
Guide en
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
GVWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3 1
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
HeadRestraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-40
Aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3 1
HighLow Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
Hearing Impaired, Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Heatedseats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
4-21
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-22
Hitches, Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-34
Hood
Checking Things Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
6-9
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 18
Ignition Key Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
7-34
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check ....................
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Inflation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-40
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-35
Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
ExhaustSystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Front-Wheel-Drive Axle Boot and Seal . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-35
Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-35
Throttle Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-35
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62
.Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
BulbReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Jack.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumpstarting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-23
5-3
K e y Lock Cylinders Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-32
Key Reminder Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
9-5
Labels
4-28
4-29
Certification .................................
Service Parts Identification .....................
6-56
Tire-LoadingInformation ......................
4-28
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
2-45
Lamp. Trunk ...................................
2-40
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
Cornering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Courtesy ....................................
2-43
InstrumentPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
OnReminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Latches, Seatback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-29
2-57
License Plate Holder ............................
Light Sensor, Twilight Sentinel
..................... 2-42
2-57
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights
Air Bag Readiness .......................
1-23, 2-67
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning. . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69, 4-7
Battery Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-67
Brake SystemWarning .........................
2-68
2-75
CheckOil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DoorAjar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-70
2-43
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Coolant Warning .........................
2-71
LowFuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-76
Oilpressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
9-6
1.9.2.66
Safet- belt Reminder ......................
Service Engine Soon ..........................
2-72
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.69.4.9
Loading Your Vehicle ...........................
4-28
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
2-4
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Door. Delayed Locking .........................
2-7
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
Key Lock Cylinder Service .....................
7-32
Lockout Protection .............................
2-7
Memory Door .................................
2-5
PowerDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
T r ~ n k. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
Low Coolant Warning Light ......................
2-71
LowFuelLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-76
Lubricants and Fluids . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Lubrication Service. Body ........................
7-32
1-2
LumbarControls .................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Mapasteer
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-67
MaintenanceRecord ............................
7-38
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
Long Trip/Highway Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
7-6
Long Tripmighway Intervals .....................
Owner Checks and Services .....................
7-31
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Short Trip/City Definition ....................... 7-5
Short Trip/City Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
TM
Maintenance. Underbody .........................
6-54
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ......................
2-72
Memory
2-5
DoorLocks ...................................
Seats and Mirrors .........................
1-3, 2-10
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Automatic Dimming Outside Rearview. . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Convex Outside ..............................
2-51
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Inside Daymight Rearview .....................
2-46
Memory ................................
1-3,2-10
Parallel Park Assist ...........................
2-50
Power Remote Control .........................
2-50
Visorvanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-57
WithCompass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Mountain Roads ................................ 4-22
Multifunction Lever .............................
2-34
2-56
N e t . Convenience ..............................
2- 18
New Vehicle Break-In ...........................
4-15
Nightvision ...................................
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-67
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Odometer. Trip .................................
Off-Road Recovery .............................
Oil Pressure Light ..............................
Oil. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil. Supercharger ...............................
2-65
2-65
4- 12
2-74
6-11
6- 17
2-58
OnStar System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opener. Garage Door .......................
2-5 1. 2-61
Outside Rearview Mirrors ........................
2-46
Overheating Engine .............................
5-13
Owner Checks and Services.......................
7-31
Owner Publications. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9. 8-10
6-54
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical ........................
2-43
ParadeDimming ...............................
Parallel Park Assist Mirror ........................
2-50
Park
2-27
Shifting Into .................................
Shifting Out of ...............................
2-30
Paking
2-14
AtNight ....................................
Brake ......................................
2-26
7-34
Brake Mechanism Check .......................
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
2-31
Over Things That Burn ........................
4-36
With a Trailer ................................
Passenger Zone Comfort Control....................
3-9
4-12
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
PASS-Key'I1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
Perimeter Lighting ..............................
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-35
Personal Choice Features ..........................
2-9
Power
AccessoryOutlet .............................
2-57
Antenna Mast Care............................
3-21
Antenna Service ..............................
7-31
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
99.7
Power {Continued)
Remote Control Mirror ........................
2-50
Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Seatback Recliner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-24
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
Power. Retained Accessory .......................
2-20
Power Seat
LumbarControls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Memory Seats and Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3. 2. 10
Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts ....................
1-20
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Publications. Service and Owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.9.8.10
5-19
Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-19
3-10
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rain. Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-16
ReadingLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
Rear
1-29
Outside Seat Position ..........................
Safety Belt Comfort Guides .....................
1-32
1-29
Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-12
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WindowDefogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Rear Turn Signal Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35. 6-37
Rearview Mirror
2-46
Electrochromic Daymight ......................
9-8
9-9
Tachometer ..................................
2-65
Taillamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.35.6.37
9-10
3-20
TapePlayerCare ...............................
Temperature Button, Climate Control System . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Theater Dimming ...............................
2-43
Theft .........................................
2-14
Theft-Deterrent Feature ..........................
3-15
THEFTLOCK" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-15
Thermostat ....................................
6-24
Tilt Steering Wheel .............................
2-34
Time, Setting the ...............................
3-10
6-47
Tirechains ....................................
Tire Loading ...................................
4-28
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-39
Alignment and Balance ........................
6-45
BuyingNew .................................
6-43
Chains .....................................
6-47
ChangingaFlat ..............................
5-22
6-53
Cleaning ....................................
Compact Spare ...............................
5-31
Inflation ....................................
6-40
Inflation Check ...............................
7-31
Inspection and Rotation ........................
6-41
4-28
Loading YourVehicle .........................
Pressure ....................................
6-40
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
6-44
Traction ....................................
Treadwear ................................... 6-44
Uniform Quality Grading .......................
6-44
6-42
Wear Indicators ...............................
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
6-42
When It's Time for New .......................
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-44
2-30
TorqueLoclg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-29, 6-66
Torque, Wheel Nut .........................
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
Towing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-8
Traction
Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69, 4-9
Trailer
4-34
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Driving with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-34
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Maintenance When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Tongueweight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-33
4-33
Total Weight on Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
Turnsignals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-32
Transaxle Fluid, Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 18
Transmitter
Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8
2-59
Universal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation,Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
TripOdometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Trunk
Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
ReleaseLockout.Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
Release. Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Security Override . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
8-4
TTYUsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Turn Signal Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Turn SignalMultifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
TwilightSentinel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
Underbody Flushing Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-34
UnderbodyMaintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Universal Theft-Deterrent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Universal Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-59
Vehicle
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
iv
DamageWarnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-67
IdentificationNumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
4-28
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30
3-6
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visor Vanity Mirrors. Illuminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
Visors. Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57
9-11
.
w a r n i n g Devices . . . . .-..........................
5-3
8-8
Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washer Fluid, Windshield ........................
6-25
Washing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5 1
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5 1
Wheel
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-29. 6-66
Replacement .................................
6-45
Wrench . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-23
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Express-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
WindshieldWasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
Fluid . . . . .
.......................... 2-37.6-25
Fluid Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-31
.
2-36
Windshield Wipers ..............................
Bladecheck .................................. 7-32
BladeReplacement ......................
6-39,6-67
Cleaning the Blade ............................ 6-51
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-57
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
6-51
Wiper Blade Cleaning ...........................
Wiring,Headlamp ..............................
6-57
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-8
Wrench, Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-23
I
9-12
. . . .
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