Using Cubase
Cubase VST
VST
Using
with DSP
DSP Factory
Factory
with
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Documentation by Ernst Nathorst-Böös, Ludvig Carlson, Anders Nordmark, Roger Wiklander
Additional assistance: Cecilia Lilja
Quality Control: Cristina Bachmann, Sabine Pfeifer, Claudia Schomburg
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of Steinberg Soft- und Hardware GmbH. The software described by this document is subject to a License Agreement and may not be copied to other media except as specifically allowed in the
License Agreement. No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced or otherwise transmitted or recorded, for any purpose, without prior written permission by Steinberg Soft- und Hardware GmbH.
All product and company names are ™ or © trademarks of their respective owners. Apple, the Apple logo,
Macintosh, and Power Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
© Steinberg Soft- und Hardware GmbH, 2000.
All rights reserved.
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About the Yamaha DSP Factory
The Yamaha DSP Factory is an audio hardware system for professional digital multitrack recording and mixing on personal computers. The core of this system is the
DS2416 Digital Mixing Card, a PCI-bus audio card with professional specifications,
extensive mixing capabilities and on-board EQ, dynamics and effects. It is possible
to install and digitally connect two DS2416 cards in one computer. Each card can
also be used with one or two optional AX44 Audio Expansion Units (each providing
four additional analog inputs and outputs) and/or an AX16-AT Audio Expansion
Card (providing 16 digital inputs and outputs, in the form of two pairs of ADAT optical connectors).
This manual assumes that you have at least one DS2416 installed, tested and running under MacOS.
❐
For information about how to install, test and troubleshoot the DS2416, please refer to
the documentation supplied with the card. There you will also find detailed information about audio hardware specifications and features.
The DSP Factory in Cubase VST
By using the DSP Factory in conjunction with Cubase VST, you get a complete
graphical interface with full control over the card’s features. The DS2416 audio card
will behave like an external digital mixer, feeding digital signals into VST’s inputs
and accepting digital signals from VST’s output buses. All controls can be automated in the same way as with VST’s internal Channel Mixer.
The Cubase VST/DSP Factory combination allows you to:
• Record and play back using multiple inputs and outputs.
By itself, the DS2416 provides four inputs and outputs (two analog and two digital). Each
AX44 unit adds four analog inputs and outputs, while an AX16-AT card adds 16 digital inputs
and outputs (ADAT-format connectors).
• Use the DS2416 EQ, dynamics and effects for separate VST channels or for combinations of channels.
• Route DSP Factory outputs to external effects, accessible from the VST effect sends.
• Synchronize audio playback to external word clock.
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Setting up Cubase VST for use with DSP Factory
❐
This assumes that you have installed the DSP Factory hardware according to the instructions in the supplied manual, and tested that it runs properly under MacOS.
Also, please note that the DSP Factory windows require a screen resolution of at least
1024 x 768 to be fully viewable.
Before you can start working, you need to make a few settings:
1. Pull down the Options menu and select Audio Setup - System.
The Audio System Setup dialog appears.
2. Make sure one of the Yamaha DS2416 devices is selected on the ASIO Device pop-up
menu.
See the note below about the two ASIO Devices.
3. In the Audio System Setup dialog, make sure that the “Global Disable” Monitoring option is selected.
We recommend that you monitor the recorded signals “directly” through the DS2416 instead, as described on page 32.
4. Click OK to close the Audio System Setup dialog.
About the Two ASIO Devices
❐
The ASIO drivers described below may have been included with the Yamaha DS2416
package. However, make sure to check Yamaha’s web site for updated drivers!
There are two ASIO Devices for the Yamaha DS2416, “Yamaha DS2416” and
“Yamaha DS2416 (16bit)”. Which one to select depends on your computer power
and whether you need 24 bit recording or not:
• If you want to record and play back 24 bit audio, you need to select the 32 bit device
(“Yamaha DS2416”).
It is possible to record in 24 bit mode with the 16 bit device selected, but the created audio
files will only have 16 bit accuracy.
• If you experience performance problems with the 32 bit device (and don’t use 24 bit
audio), you should select the 16 bit device (“Yamaha DS2416 (16bit)”).
The data transfer between the program and the audio card requires quite a lot of computer
power. This load is drastically reduced if you use the 16 bit device.
• There may also be a couple of other drivers included for using Yamaha DS 2416 in combination with a SW1000XG card (see page 41 ).
Please refer to the driver documentation for further details.
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Using the “DSP Factory Songs”
Included with Cubase VST you will find a special DSP Factory folder containing two
template Song files called “16 Channel Template Song” and “32 Channel Template
Song”. These contain no music, but rather proper routing settings for 1 card and 2
card configurations, respectively. You can use these Songs as start templates when
you want to create a new Song (you may even consider copying one of these Songs
to your program folder and renaming it to “Autoload”, to have it automatically
loaded on startup).
• If you use one of these template Songs, you don’t need to manually perform the settings described on the following three pages.
However, we still recommend that you read these pages to get a good understanding of the
routing between VST and the DSP Factory system.
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Routing Audio between VST and the DSP Factory
Audio routing with the DSP Factory is extremely flexible, allowing you to connect
channels, aux sends and buses to various physical outputs and inputs. This is done
in the special DSP Factory windows, as described on page 29. However, first you
need to “connect” VST to the DSP Factory:
Activating Inputs
1. Pull down the Panels menu and select VST Inputs.
The VST Inputs window appears. There are four Input pairs for each installed DS2416 card.
2. Activate the Input pairs by clicking on the green buttons in the Active column.
3. If you like, rename the eight inputs by clicking in the Label column and typing in new
names.
The names you specify will be shown on the Input pop-up menus in VST.
4. Click in the close box to close the Inputs window.
You have now “told” Cubase VST to accept the digital signals from the DS2416 card
as input sources.
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Activating and Assigning Output Buses
1. Pull down the Panels menu and select VST Master Mixer.
The VST Master window appears. In a single DS2416 card configuration, there are eight
buses including the Master bus.
2. Activate all buses by clicking on their Active buttons.
3. Pull down the pop-up menus at the bottom of each Bus channel strip and check that
each bus is assigned to the desired DS2416 output.
To avoid confusion, we recommend that you keep the default order of the outputs, so that
the Master bus is connected to the PCI #1/2 output, the second Bus is connected to the PCI
#3/4 output, and so on.
❐
These PCI outputs are not the physical outputs of the audio hardware, but rather “output lines” connecting VST to the DS2416. The actual routing to physical outputs is
done in the DSP Factory windows, as described on page 31.
4. If you like, rename the buses by clicking in their name fields (above the Active buttons)
and typing in new names.
These names will be shown on the Output pop-up menus in VST.
5. Click in the close box to close the Master window.
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Selecting Inputs and Outputs for the Audio Channels
This description assumes that you have set the number of audio channels so that it
corresponds with the number of output bus channels (16 if you have one DS2416
card installed). It also assumes that you want each audio channel in VST assigned to
a separate mixer channel strip in the DS2416 console. Of course, there are other
possible routings (you may want to send a combination of audio channels to a
Group or directly to the same DS2416 channel strip, you may want to reserve some
DS2416 channels for use as effect sends, etc).
1. Open the VST Channel Mixer.
2. Select Inputs for the channels by holding down [Command] and pulling down the Input pop-up menus at the top of the channel strips.
There should be eight Inputs available for each installed DS2416 card (four stereo Input
pairs). If Inputs are missing on the pop-up menu, make sure you have activated them in the
Inputs window on the Panels menu.
3. Route each audio channel pair to a separate Output Bus, by using the pop-up menus at
the bottom of the channel strips.
4. Pan the channels in each pair hard left/right, respectively.
Now, each audio channel is assigned to a separate channel strip in the DS2416 console.
Assigning Groups to the DS2416
You can assign the outputs of the Groups in the Group Mixer to the DS2416 buses
in the same way as with the audio channels, by using the pop-up menus at the bottom of the Group Mixer strips.
• The normal setting would be to select the same Output Bus for the two sides, and then
pan the sides hard left/hard right.
Assigning Effect Sends to the DS2416
By assigning VST Effect Sends to one of the Output Buses, you route the send to a
channel strip in the DS2416 console. Note that this assignment is done individually
for the effect sends of each audio channel (by using the pop-up menus below the
send level knobs in the FX/EQ window). You can use this feature to address the onboard effects in the DS2416, to create several different monitor mixes during playback, etc.
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The Default Signal Routing
This section describes how signals are routed by default, when you first start using
the DS2416 card with Cubase VST. If you wish you can change the signal routing, as
described on page 29. However, this default routing allows you to perform basic
playback and recording, and to use the built-in effects without having to change
the routing.
❐
For additional info, please refer to the diagrams and list in the DS2416 documentation.
About the DS2416 “Channels”, Buses and Sends
Before we describe the actual signal routing, here’s some information about how
the DS2416 is configured:
• Each DS2416 card handles 24 separate mixer channels.
To separate these from the audio channels in VST, we will call them “DS channels” from now
on.
• There is one main stereo mix out and eight Bus Sends (four stereo pairs).
Each DS channel can be assigned to any combination of the buses and the stereo mix.
• There are six Aux Sends.
Each DS channel has send levels and pre/post fader switches for the sends.
The Default Routing of signals from VST to DS2416
There are sixteen separate “lines” from Cubase VST to the DS2416. In VST, these appear as Output Buses (see page 7). In the DSP Factory Input Console window, the
“lines” from VST are by default connected to DS channel 1 to 16, as follows:
VST Output (and default Output Bus)
DS2416 Channel
PCI PB 1 (Master Left)
DS Channel 1
PCI PB 2 (Master Right)
DS Channel 2
PCI PB 3 (BUS 2 L)
DS Channel 3
PCI PB 4 (BUS 2R)
DS Channel 4
.
.
.
.
.
.
PCI PB 15 (BUS 8 L)
DS Channel 15
PCI PB 16 (BUS 8R)
DS Channel 16
• Please note that the Output assignment (PCI PB #1 etc) for each Output Bus (Master,
BUS 2, etc) can be changed, as described on page 7.
To avoid confusion, we recommend that you keep the default order of the outputs.
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The Default Routing of signals from DS2416 into VST
There are eight separate “lines” from the DS2416 card into Cubase VST. In VST,
these correspond to the four Audio Input pairs (see page 6). In the DSP Factory Input Console window, the default configuration uses the eight bus sends to route
signals from the audio card into VST (for recording). The following default routing
scheme is used:
DS 2416 Bus Send
VST Input
Bus 1
PCI Rec Out 1 (IN 1 L)
Bus 2
PCI Rec Out 2 (IN 1 R)
Bus 3
PCI Rec Out 3 (IN 2 L)
Bus 4
PCI Rec Out 4 (IN 2 R)
Bus 5
PCI Rec Out 5 (IN 3 L)
Bus 6
PCI Rec Out 6 (IN 3 R)
Bus 7
PCI Rec Out 7 (IN 4 L)
Bus 8
PCI Rec Out 8 (IN 4 R)
This means that to record something through the DSP Factory into VST, you only
need to activate the appropriate Bus Sends for the desired DS Channels. From that
point, the recording procedure is the same as when you run Cubase VST with “standard” audio hardware.
Physical Inputs and Outputs
By default, the physical inputs and outputs of the DSP Factory system are connected to the DS channels in the following way:
Inputs
Physical Input
DS Channel
DS2416 Analog In Left
17
DS2416 Analog In Right
18
DS2416 Digital In Left
19
DS2416 Digital In Right
20
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Outputs
Bus/Send in the DSP Factory Input Console
Physical Output
Master Stereo Out Left/Right
DS2416 Analog Out Left/Right
and
DS2416 Digital Out Left/Right
Aux Send 1
IOA/IOB Output 1
Aux Send 2
IOA/IOB Output 2
Aux Send 3
IOA/IOB Output 3
Aux Send 4
IOA/IOB Output 4
“IOA” and “IOB” are the connections to additional input/output units such as the
AX44. For each DS2416 card, you can add two extra input/output units (IOA and
IOB). In the case of the AX44, each unit has 4 inputs and outputs.
❐
As you see, the default routing only provides access to four extra outputs (for use with
external effects, etc). To be able to use all additional inputs and outputs, you will need
to re-configure the input and output routing. This is described on page 29.
The On-Board Effects
The DS2416 card carries two powerful effect processors, which can easily be accessed with the default routing:
• Signals are routed to the effects using Aux Send 5 (FX Unit 1) and Aux Send 6 (FX Unit 2).
The effect inputs are in mono.
• The stereo output signals from the effects are routed to the “FX Return channels” (DS
Channels 21/22 for FX Unit 1 and 23/24 for FX Unit 2).
To avoid feedback, Aux Sends 5 and 6 are disabled for these DS channels.
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Opening the DSP Factory Windows
When Cubase VST detects one or more DS2416 cards, a special “DSP Factory” submenu is added to the Panels menu. This contains all the DSP Factory windows:
Below follows a brief description of each window. For detailed information, click on
the page number links.
• Input Console.
This is the main mixer window for the DSP Factory system. Here is where you set levels, panning, eq and dynamics, activate buses and aux sends and select input sources for the DS
channels. See page 13.
• Channel Overview.
This window shows all settings (some of which are not available in the Input Console window) for one DS channel at a time. See page 25.
• Bus/Aux Console.
This window contains master send levels for the buses and aux sends. See page 24.
• FX Editor.
This window is used to select effect types and make settings for the two FX Units. It can also
be opened directly from the Input Console. See page 26.
• Output Patchbay.
This window provides an overview of the current output routing, and allows you to re-route
buses and sends to other physical outputs. It also contains word clock synchronization settings, for when you use the DSP Factory with other audio hardware. See page 27.
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The Input Console window
The Input Console window is the main DSP Factory window. If you view the DSP
Factory as an external digital mixer, feeding and receiving audio signals to and
from VST, this window is the mixer panel.
❐
Static initial settings in the DSP Factory windows are saved with the Song. You can also
automate your mixer actions, as described on page 36.
About the Upper and Lower displays
For each DS channel, there is a large number of controls and settings. Showing
them all at the same time would require an impossibly large window. Therefore,
each channel strip in the Input Console is divided into two “halves”, the Upper and
Lower display. You can select what should be shown on these two displays, independently for each channel:
The Lower Display
1. Locate the dividing line between the Upper and Lower display for the channel strip.
You may have to scroll the Cubase VST window to see all of the Input Console.
2. Point at the small triangle pointing downward, and press the mouse button.
A pop-up menu appears with the three modes for the Lower display.
3. Select one of the display modes.
If you select the “Narrow” mode, the channel strip will be as narrow as possible to conserve
screen space, showing only the basic level and pan controls (see below). The controls in the
other modes are described on page 15.
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The Upper Display
1. Locate the dividing line between the Upper and Lower display for the channel strip.
2. Point at the small triangle pointing upward, and press the mouse button.
A pop-up menu appears with the five modes for the Upper display.
3. Select one of the display modes.
If you select the “Narrow” mode, the channel strip will be as narrow as possible to conserve
screen space, with no controls in the Upper display (see below). The controls in the other
modes are described on page 17.
About the “Narrow” mode
The selection of display modes is independent for the Upper and Lower displays,
with one exception:
• Selecting the “Narrow” mode for the Upper or Lower display will automatically select
the “Narrow” mode for the other display as well.
Since the width of the whole channel strip is minimized, there is then no room for any additional controls in either display.
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Channel Controls in the Lower Display
Bus On/Off buttons
Aux Send On/Off buttons
Pan Control
Stereo link
switch
Level Display
Level Fader
Level Meter
Fader Setting
Channel Solo
Channel Mute
Input Selector
Stereo Mix on/off switch
The Lower Display in “Bus Assign”, “Aux Assign” and “Narrow” modes.
Control
Explanation
Pan Control
Sets the stereo position of the channel. This is used when you are assigning channels to the stereo master out or to the buses (when the Bus Sends
are in “Post Pan” mode - see below).
Stereo link switch
When this is activated (when the green arrow is lit), the two channels in an
odd-even pair are linked. This means that if you move a control for one of
the channels, the other channel will be affected in the same way. Pan is not
affected by the Stereo link.
• You can also momentarily “stereo-link” unlinked faders and other
controls by holding down [Alt] while moving the controls.
Conversely, for channel pairs with Stereo link activated, holding down
[Alt] allows you to adjust settings separately for each channel in the pair.
Level Fader
Determines the level of the channel, both when playing back and when recording signals into VST.
Level Meter
Indicates the signal level of the channel. You can select globally how fast
the meters should respond (see page 23).
Level Display
Indicates the signal level numerically, in Peak Hold or continuous mode
(see page 23).
Fader Setting
Indicates the current fader setting in dB.
Channel Solo
Mutes all other channels.
Channel Mute
Turns off the sound of the channel.
Input Selector
This display indicates the currently selected input source for the channel.
Clicking on it brings down a pop-up menu, from which you can select another input source.
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Control
Explanation
Bus On/Off buttons
Use these to turn the Bus sends on or off for the channel. These buttons
are “mirrored” in the Bus Send panel in the Upper display.
Stereo Mix on/off
switch
This switch determines whether the channel is connected to the Stereo
Mix (the master fader to the right on the Input Console panel) or not. You
may want to deactivate this for channels which you have routed to separate outputs, using the Bus or Aux Sends. The switch is duplicated in the
Bus Send panel in the Upper display.
Aux Send On/Off
buttons
Use these to turn the Aux sends on or off for the channel. These buttons
are “mirrored” in the Aux Send panel in the Upper display.
About the FX Return Channels
The channels labeled “1” - “4” to the right in the Input Console window, are by default used as stereo effect returns for the on-board effect units. FX Return channels
1 and 2 control the return level from FX Unit 1, and FX Return channels 3 and 4 control the return level from FX Unit 2. The FX Return channels differ from the regular
channels in the following ways:
• There are no Solo buttons for the FX Return channels.
• The two channel pairs (1-2 and 3-4) are stereo linked by default.
• Aux Sends 5 and 6 (the sends to the on-board effects) are disabled for the FX Return
channels, to prevent feedback.
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Channel Controls in the Upper Display
The Upper display in “EQ”, “Dynamics”, “Bus Send” and “Aux Send” modes.
EQ Mode
When EQ Mode is selected for the Upper Display, you have access to a four band
parametric equalizer. Each EQ band has the following parameters:
Bypass A Bypass-switch for the band. When the Bypass-indicator is lit, the EQ band is disabled.
❐
Q
The Q value for the EQ band, ranging from10 (narrow) to 0.1 (wide) in 41 steps. Also used
to select LPF/HPF or Shelving modes for the Low and High EQ bands (see below).
F
The center frequency of the EQ band, from 21 Hz to 20 kHz in 120 steps.
G
The boost or cut (± 18 dB in steps of 0.5 dB).
Note that all four EQ bands have the same frequency range! The labels “Low”, “L-Mid”,
“H-Mid” and “Hi” are only there for convenience.
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Selecting High/Low Pass or Shelving EQ types
Normally, all four EQ bands are of the regular full parametric type, but you can
switch the High and Low bands to Shelving or High/Low Pass Filter mode:
• To select High/Low Shelving mode for the High or Low EQ band, turn the Q knob fully
to the right.
• To select High/Low Pass Filter mode for the High or Low EQ band, turn the Q knob fully
to the left.
This converts the High EQ band to a Low Pass Filter and the Low EQ band to a High Pass Filter. In this mode, the Gain (G) setting is disabled.
Dynamics Mode
When Dynamics Mode is selected for the Upper Display, you have access to a complete multi-mode Dynamics processor for the channel. You use the Type pop-up
menu (right above the “Parameters” label) to select which type of dynamics processing to use:
Type
Description
Comp
A compressor, attenuating signals above a specified threshold level.
Gate
Mutes signals below a specified threshold level.
Ducking
Attenuates the signal when the level exceeds a specified threshold. Normally, the
signal used for level detection (the Key In signal - see below) is another than the
processed signal. For example, a common use for ducking would be voice-overs,
when the background music level should be reduced each time the announcer
speaks.
Expand
An expander, attenuating signals below a specified threshold level, thus reducing
low-level noise and effectively increasing the dynamic range.
Compand
(H or S)
A combination of compressor, expander and limiter: The compressor compresses
signals that exceed a specified threshold level, while the expander attenuates signals below a level determined by the threshold level and the Width setting. The
limiter prevents the signal from exceeding 0 dB.
The two compander types (H and S, for Hard and Soft) have different expansion ratios; CompandH will attenuate low level signals more drastically than CompandS.
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Depending on which Dynamics Type you have selected, there are different parameters available. However, some general controls are available in all modes:
Key-In pop-up menu
In pop-up menu
On button
Click this to activate the Dynamics processor for the channel.
Link button
When this is activated, the dynamics processing is linked for the two channels in
an odd-even pair. This means that a mix of the two channels is used to “trigger”
the dynamics processor. Use this mode for stereo channel pairs, to maintain the
stereo balance.
Key-In pop-up
menu
Determines which signal should be used to “trigger” the dynamics processing:
Self Post-EQ: The channel signal, post-EQ
Self Pre-EQ: The channel signal, pre-EQ
Aux 1: The total signal on the Aux 1 bus
Aux 2: The total signal on the Aux 2 bus
Left Post-EQ: The signal of the left channel in a pair, post-EQ
Left Pre-EQ: The signal of the left channel in a pair, pre-EQ
(“Left” options are only available for even-numbered channels)
In pop-up menu
This pop-up menu is only available when Link mode is activated. Use this to determine which signal(s) the dynamics processor should affect; L (left channel in
the pair), R (right channel in the pair) or Both.
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In the lower half of the Dynamics panel, you will find the actual controls:
Parameter
Description
Threshold
Determines the threshold level at which the dynamics processor is “triggered”. Whether signal levels above or below this level will trigger the processing, depends on the selected dynamics type.
Ratio
(Comp, Expander and Compander types only). Determines the amount of
compression/expansion. For the Compander types, this determines the compression, while the expansion ratio is fixed.
Attack
This determines how soon the signal is affected (compressed, gated, expanded, etc) once the dynamics processor has been triggered.
Release
(Comp, Expander and Compander types only). Determines how soon the dynamics processor returns to normal gain once the signal level goes back below/above the threshold level.
Gain / MGain
(Comp, Expander and Compander types only). Sets the output signal level.
Use this to compensate for overall level changes caused by the dynamics processing.
Knee
(Comp and Expander types only). Determines how compression/expansion is
applied at the threshold point. “Hard knee” means that the specified compression/expansion ratio is applied as soon as the threshold level is reached,
while the five “Soft knee” settings applies the compression/expansion gradually for a more natural sound.
Range
(Gate and Ducking types only). Determines the amount of attenuation when
the processing is triggered, with lower values resulting in more attenuation. If
you want the Gate/Ducker to mute the signal completely when triggered, set
this parameter to its lowest value (-70 dB).
Hold
(Gate and Ducking types only). Determines how long the gate stays open (or
how long the ducking effect remains active) once the trigger signal has fallen
below the threshold level.
Decay
(Gate and Ducking types only). Determines how fast the gate is closed (or,
with Ducking, how fast the gain returns to normal) after the Hold time.
Width
(Compander types only). This determines how far below the threshold level
expansion is applied to the signal. If the Threshold level is -10 dB and the
Width is set to 20 dB, expansion will be applied to signals with levels below 30 dB (20 dB below threshold).
Reduction Meter
This meter indicates the dynamic gain reduction.
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Bus Send Mode
❐
The Bus Sends are always post-fader. This means that in many cases (e.g. when using
the buses for recording into VST) there is no need to adjust the individual bus send levels - you only need to activate the desired buses in the Lower display (Bus Assign
mode) and set the recording level using the faders. This assumes that you keep all bus
send level knobs at their maximum setting.
In this mode you can view and control the eight Bus Sends for the channel. For each
bus there is an on/off button (mirrored in the Lower display in Bus Assign mode)
and a level control. For each pair of Bus Sends (1-2, 3-4, etc), there is also a Post Pan
switch:
• When the Post Pan switch is activated for a Bus Send pair, the Pan control for a channel
is used to pan the signal between the two buses in the pair.
Panning a signal fully left will send it to the odd-numbered bus only and vice versa. When
Post Pan is activated, the Bus on/off buttons are linked for each pair, so that activating or deactivating a Bus Send (in this panel or in the Lower display) automatically activates/deactivates the other Bus Send in the pair.
This is useful when you are recording in stereo, or when you have assigned the buses to separate outputs for stereo monitoring, etc.
• When the Post Pan switch is deactivated for a Bus Send pair, the channel signal is sent
to each activated bus regardless of the Pan setting.
This may be preferable when you are recording in mono, since it allows you to route a DS
channel to a VST input without having to take the Pan setting into account.
Below the Bus Sends you will find a Stereo Mix on/off button, which determines
whether the channel should be sent to the main Stereo Mix or not. This button is
duplicated in the Bus Assign panel in the Lower display.
Aux Send Mode
In this mode you can view and control the six Aux Sends for the channel. For each
send there is a level control with a numeric display showing the current setting, an
on/off switch (mirrored in the Lower display in Aux Assign mode) and a Post-fader
switch.
❐
Aux Sends 5 and 6 are “hard-wired” to the on-board effect units (FX Unit 1 and FX Unit
2, respectively). To avoid feedback, Aux Sends 5 and 6 are disabled for the FX Return
channels.
❐
If you have two DS2416 cards installed, you can address all four effect units by using
Aux Sends 3-6.
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The Stereo Mix Section
To the right in the Input Console window you will find the Stereo Mix section. This
differs slightly from the regular channel strips:
Lower Display
In the Stereo Mix section, there are no different modes for the Lower display. It always contains a stereo master fader with a numerical display, stereo level meters
and numeric level indicators, a balance control and a Mute button, for silencing the
Stereo Mix output totally. The Mute button does not affect the buses or Aux sends.
Upper Display
There are two modes for the Stereo Mix Section Upper display: EQ and Dynamics.
These both feature the same controls as in the regular channel strips.
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The Common Panel
To the left of the channel strips you will find a section with common controls:
Control
Description
Read/Write
buttons
This works just like the Read and Write buttons in the VST Channel Mixer. To create an automated mix, you click Write and perform the desired mixing maneuvers, during playback or in Stop
mode. To play your recorded mixer actions back, activate the
Play button and start playback.
For more details about automation, see page 36.
Meter Post
button
Determines which signal the level meters should show: When
the button is activated, the meters will show the levels postfader. When it isn’t activated the meters will show the input levels, regardless of fader positions (which is useful when checking
input levels from external sound sources).
Meter Slow
button
When this is activated, the level meters will drop more slowly,
making it more easy to discern quick level changes.
This switch will also affect the meters in the Bus/Aux Console
(see page 24).
Meter Peak
Hold button
When this is activated, the numeric level indicator will keep the
highest value displayed, making it easy to spot maximum levels.
To reset the indicator in Peak Hold mode, click twice on the Peak
Hold button.
This switch will also affect the numerical level indicators in the
Bus/Aux Console (see page 24)
FX Show
Button
Click this button to open the FX Editor window.
- 23 -
The Bus/Aux Console
This window contains master level controls for the eight buses and six Aux sends,
together with level meters and numerical level indicators. There are also Mute buttons for each bus/send.
• The options for slow/fast metering and Peak Hold in the Input Console window affects
the meters and indicators in the Bus/Aux Console as well.
- 24 -
The Channel Overview
This window allows you to view and access all controls at the same time for a single
channel. You select which channel to view by using the Channel Selection pop-up
menu in the upper left corner.
The controls in the Channel Overview are the same as in the Input Console window,
with the addition of the following parameters:
Attenuator
Allows you to adjust the input signal gain, with a range of -96 to +12 dB.
Delay Time
Allows you to delay a channel by up to 2600 samples. The Delay On button turns
the channel delay on or off.
Phase-Invert
Inverts the phase of the signal.
- 25 -
The FX Editor
This window allows you to select effect types and make settings for the two onboard effect units (labelled “FX Unit 1” and “FX Unit 2”). The window can be opened
either from the DSP Factory submenu on the Panels menu, or by clicking the FX
Show button in the Input Console window.
You use the FX Unit pop-up menu to select which unit to make settings for, and
then choose an effect type for the selected unit using the FX Type pop-up menu (at
the upper right corner).
FX Unit pop-up menu
FX Type pop-up menu
There are 40 different effect types, all of which are available for both FX Units (with
the exception of the “HQ. Pitch” effect, which can only be selected for FX Unit 2).
Depending on the selected effect type, various parameters are displayed in the
window. You can edit these freely but your changes are lost when you select another effect type. For detailed descriptions of the effect types and parameters, see
the DSP Factory documentation.
• If you click the “Load Default” button in the top left corner, all parameters for the current effect type are reset to their default values.
- 26 -
The Output Patchbay
This window allows you to view and change the output routing, i.e. which buses
and sends are routed to which outputs, and also contains word clock synchronization settings, for when you use the DSP Factory in conjunction with external digital
recorders or other audio hardware.
Output Routing section
Each bus or send can be routed to any output or any combination of outputs. However, it is not possible to route several different buses to the same output.
In the Output Patchbay window, the output pairs are listed to the left:
Output
Description
DS2416
#1 - #4
These are the recording outputs. In Cubase VST, these are connected to the Audio Inputs, so that Rec 1/2 corresponds to Input 1 L/R, etc.
IOA 1-4
Outputs 1-4 on the first additional input/output unit (e.g. an AX44).
IOB 1-4
Outputs 1-4 on the second additional input/output unit.
Analog
The analog outputs on the DS2416.
S/P DIF
The digital outputs on the DS2416.
IOA 5-8
If you have an input/output unit with eight outputs, IOA 5-8 are used to address outputs 5-8 on this unit.
IOB 5-8
As above, but for a second 8-i/o unit (connected as “unit B”).
• To select another bus or send for an output pair, pull down the pop-up menu to the
right of the output and select another source from the list.
- 27 -
Word Clock Settings
The right half of the Output Patchbay window contains word clock settings. These
are used to determine which sample rate should be used for the audio playback
and recording. Use the buttons to select one of the following options:
❐
Option
Description
Int 44.1 kHz
The internal clock is used, with a sample rate of 44.1 kHz.
Int 48 kHz
The internal clock is used, with a sample rate of 48 kHz.
ext. SI
This can be used when you have another DS2416 card or an SW1000XG card installed. Selecting this option means that the current DS2416 card is “slaved” to
the other card so that they play back with the exact same sample rate.
In a configuration with two DS2416 cards, this option also works as a Cascade
switch, as described on page 40.
ext. IOA
If you have an input/output unit which provides word clock (connected as unit
A), selecting this option synchronizes the DS2416 to the word clock signal received by the i/o unit.
You may for example have an input/output unit with an ADAT interface, connected to another digital recorder - activating this option makes this recorder
the master and DS2416 the slave.
ext. IOB
As “ext. IOA” but for an i/o unit connected as unit B.
ext. S/PDIF
When this is selected, word clock is received from the digital input on the
DS2416. The card accepts sample rates between 30.08 and 50.88 kHz (32 kHz to
48 kHz, ±6%).
vari 44.1 kHz
Select this if you need to make use of the DS2416’s varispeed capability. Using
the dial below, you can adjust the sample rate ± 6% around 44.1 kHz.
vari 48 kHz
As above, but variable ±6% around 48 kHz.
FS Detected
Displays the sample rate currently detected by the system.
S/PDIF Prof.
Switches the digital output between Professional and Consumer modes.
If you switch sample rate between 44.1 and 48 kHz, the audio output will be reset.
When this happens, your mouse pointer may be “stuck” for a short moment - this is
nothing to worry about.
- 28 -
Changing the Input Routing
With the default routing of physical Inputs (see page 10), you only have access to
the analog and digital inputs on the actual DS2416 card, not to any inputs on additional input/output units. If you have one or two input/output units installed, you
may want to connect the inputs on these units to DS channels that normally take
their input from VST. This is done using the Input pop-up menus in the Input Console window:
1. Open the Input Console window.
2. Locate a DS channel for which you want to change the input routing.
Note that there are restrictions as to which inputs can be connected to which channels. This
means that you cannot route any input to any DS channel - rather there is a fixed connection
between the different inputs and the DS channels, as described below.
3. Select “Bus Assign” or “Aux Assign” mode for the channel’s Lower display, to show the
Input pop-up menu.
It doesn’t matter which of these modes you select.
4. Pull down the Input pop-up menu and select the desired input.
The table on the next page shows which inputs can be selected for each DS channel. Inputs on additional i/o units are labelled IOA1, IOA2, IOB1 or IOB2. “A/B” indicates whether the unit is connected as unit A or B, and “1/2” indicates a four-input
unit (“1”) or an eight-input unit (“2”). “IOB2” therefore means “an eight-input unit
connected as unit B”.
The “SUB” inputs are described on page 41.
- 29 -
Channel Input Options
1
VST 1
IOB2-1
2
VST 2
IOB2-2
3
VST 3
IOB2-3
4
VST 4
IOB2-4
5
VST 5
IOB2-5
6
VST 6
IOB2-6
7
VST 7
IOB2-7
8
VST 8
IOB2-8
9
VST 9
IOB1-1
SUB 1
IOA2-1
10
VST 10
IOB1-2
SUB 2
IOA2-2
11
VST 11
IOB1-3
SUB 3
IOA2-3
12
VST 12
IOB1-4
SUB 4
IOA2-4
13
VST 13
IOA1-1
SUB 5
IOA2-5
14
VST 14
IOA1-2
SUB 6
IOA2-6
15
VST 15
IOA1-3
SUB 7
IOA2-7
16
VST 16
IOA1-4
SUB 8
IOA2-8
17
Analog In L
IOA1-1
SUB 1
IOA2-1
18
Analog In R
IOA1-2
SUB 2
IOA2-2
19
Digital In L
IOA1-3
SUB 3
IOA2-3
20
Digital In R
IOA1-4
SUB 4
IOA2-4
21
FX 1 Return L
SUB 5
IOA2-5
22
FX 1 Return R
SUB 6
IOA2-6
23
FX 2 Return L
SUB 7
IOA2-7
24
FX 2 Return R
SUB 8
IOA2-8
- 30 -
Changing the Output Routing
It is possible to route each bus or send (except Aux 5-6) to any output or any combination of outputs. However, it is not possible to route several different buses to
the same output. Output routing is done in the Output Patchbay window:
1. Open the Output Patchbay window.
2. Locate the output you want to access, in the list to the left.
Note that the outputs listed are outputs pairs. The “DS2416” output pairs are connected to
the Cubase VST Inputs, while the “IOA” and “IOB” output pairs are outputs on additional i/o
units, connected as unit A and B, respectively.
3. Pull down the pop-up menu next to the output and select the desired Aux or Bus Send
pair.
❐
Even though the Aux Sends are selected in pairs, it is not possible to use them as “stereo sends”, since the pan setting of the channel is not taken into account. If you need
stereo sends (for external stereo input effects or stereo monitoring), use the Bus sends
in Post Pan mode.
- 31 -
Single-Track Recording
Recording a single mono or stereo Track in Cubase VST with the DSP Factory is easily done, using the default signal routing:
Recording a Mono Track
❐
In this section we assume that you are recording a signal connected to one of the analog or digital inputs on the DS2416 card, and that you are monitoring using the analog
or digital outputs on the card.
1. In Cubase VST, select the desired audio Track.
2. Select an Input for the Track by holding down [Command] and clicking the Input button in the Inspector.
In this example, we assume that you select Input 1 L.
3. Open the DSP Factory Input Console window and locate the DS channel to which the
input sound source is connected.
With the default signal routing, the analog inputs on the DS2416 are connected to channels
17 and 18, while the digital inputs are connected to channels 19 and 20.
4. Make sure the Meter “Post” button is deactivated in the common panel in the Input
Console window.
This will make the channel level meters show the input level, pre-fader.
5. Open the Channel Overview window and select the relevant DS Channel.
6. Play the input sound source and adjust the input level with the Attenuator control.
The signal should be as loud as possible, without reaching 0 dB.
7. Set up the sound the way you want it.
This may include EQ-ing and using the channel’s Dynamics processor. If you want to record
with effects, this is described on page 34.
8. Select the Bus Send mode for the channel’s Upper display.
The Bus Sends are displayed. By default, these are used to route signals into Cubase VST for
recording.
9. Locate the Bus Send corresponding to the Input you selected in step 2.
In our example, this would be Bus Send 1.
10.Make sure the Post Pan button is deactivated, activate the Bus Send and turn its send
level knob fully up.
❐
Make sure this Bus Send is deactivated for all other DS Channels, to avoid leakage or
re-recording background Tracks!
11.Open the Bus/Aux Console window and check the level for the activated Bus (in our example, Bus 1).
This shows you the signal level that will be recorded into Cubase. Again, this should be as
high as possible without reaching 0dB - use the channel fader and the Bus fader to adjust it.
❐
The Stereo Mix fader in the Input Console can not be used for adjusting recording levels in this setup. Rather it is used for your monitoring level.
12.Activate recording in Cubase VST as usual.
- 32 -
Recording a Stereo Track
❐
In this section we assume that you are recording a stereo signal connected to the analog or digital inputs on the DS2416 card, and that you are monitoring using the analog
or digital outputs on the card.
1. In Cubase VST, select the desired stereo audio Track.
2. Open the Channel Mixer and select different Inputs for the two channels, by holding
down [Ctrl] and clicking the Input buttons at the top of their channel strips.
In this example, we assume that you select Inputs 1 L and R.
3. Open the DSP Factory Input Console window and locate the DS channels to which the
input sound source is connected.
With the default signal routing, the analog inputs on the DS2416 are connected to channels
17 and 18, while the digital inputs are connected to channels 19 and 20.
4. Pan the two channels fully left/right.
5. Link the two channels by clicking the green triangle just below the Pan control.
Settings you now make are automatically “mirrored” for the other channel in the stereo pair.
6. Make sure the Meter “Post” button is deactivated in the common panel in the Input
Console window.
This will make the channel level meters show the input level, pre-fader.
7. Open the Channel Overview window and select one of the channels in the stereo pair.
8. Play the input sound source and adjust the input level with the Attenuator control.
The signal should be as loud as possible, without reaching 0 dB. You may want to check the
level of the other channel in the stereo pair as well, in case it is louder.
9. Set up the sound the way you want it.
This may include EQ-ing and using the channel’s Dynamics processor. If you want to record
with effects, this is described on page 34.
10.Select the Bus Send mode for the channels’ Upper displays and locate the Bus Sends
corresponding to the Inputs you selected in step 2 above.
In our example, this would be Bus Sends 1 and 2.
11.Make sure the Post Pan button is activated, activate the Bus Sends and turn their send
level knobs fully up.
With the Post Pan button activated, a left-panned channel sends its signal to the odd-numbered bus in a pair, and vice versa.
❐
Make sure these Bus Sends are deactivated for all other DS Channels, to avoid leakage
or re-recording background Tracks!
12.Open the Bus/Aux Console window and check the level for the activated Buses (in our
example, Bus 1 and 2).
This shows you the level of the signals that will be recorded into Cubase VST.
❐
The Stereo Mix fader in the Input Console can not be used for adjusting recording levels in this setup. Rather it is used for your monitoring level.
13.Activate recording in Cubase VST as usual.
- 33 -
Recording with Effects
If you like to add effects to the signal you are recording, proceed as follows:
1. Set up the controls as described above (for mono or stereo recording).
2. Activate Aux Sends 5 and/or 6 for the input channel(s), and set their send level knobs
to medium values.
If you want the sends to be Post fader, activate the Post buttons for the sends.
3. Make sure the FX Return channels are not muted or have their levels turned down.
4. Open the FX Editor window.
A quick way to open this window is to click the FX Show button in the Input Console.
5. Play the input source, select effects and make adjustments until you get the desired
sound.
The adjustments may include changing the send levels, FX parameter settings, return levels
and even EQ or Dynamics on the FX Return channels.
6. Activate the Bus Sends for the FX Return channels, and set them up in the same way as
the input channels.
Now, the effect sound will be sent into VST along with the “dry” sound. Note that you may
have to lower the recording level in the Bus/Aux Console to avoid clipping.
7. Record as usual.
- 34 -
Multi-Track Recording
The DSP Factory system makes it possible to record up to eight separate audio
Tracks at the same time (in a setup with one DS2416 card). Proceed as follows:
❐
In this section we assume that you have at least one additional input/output unit installed, and that you are recording mono signals from several different inputs at the
same time, while monitoring through the analog or digital outputs on the card.
1. In Cubase VST, pull down the Options menu and activate Multirecord in Merge mode.
The “R” column appears in the Track List.
2. Make sure that the Tracks you want to record on all have different Inputs selected.
3. Click in the “R” column for the Tracks you want to record on.
4. In the DSP Factory Input Console window, use the Input pop-up menus (in the Lower
display in Aux or Bus Assign mode) to select the physical inputs you want to record
from.
There is a fixed relation between the inputs and the DS channels - see page 29 for a listing of
the channels and their corresponding physical inputs.
5. Check and adjust the input level for each used channel, as in the previous examples.
6. Select the Bus Send mode for the input channels’ Upper displays, and make sure the
Post Pan switches are deactivated and the send levels are fully turned up.
In this example, we assume you are recording several separate mono signals. Therefore the
Post Pan switches should be turned off, so that the panning doesn’t affect the level of the recorded signals.
You could also record several stereo signals, or a mix of mono and stereo signals. In those
cases, you would want to use two buses for each stereo channel pair, activate the Post Pan
switches for these buses, and use the pan controls to direct the channel signals to odd/even
buses.
7. Activate one Bus Send for each input channel, so that they are routed to different Cubase VST Inputs.
❐
Make sure these Bus Sends are deactivated for all other DS Channels, to avoid leakage
or re-recording background Tracks!
8. Rehearse the recording and adjust the sound (using Dynamics and/or EQ).
Use the Bus/Aux Console window to check the recording levels - they should be as high as
possible without reaching 0dB.
9. Activate recording in Cubase VST.
- 35 -
Automating the DSP Factory
Your actions in the DSP Factory windows can be automated in the same straightforward way as in the Cubase VST Channel Mixer:
• If you activate the Write button at the top right corner of the Input Console, your mixer
actions will be written into a special “DS2416 Mix” Part.
You can record your actions during playback or in stop mode, in which case the changes will
be written at the current song position.
• To play back you recorded mixer actions, activate the Read button before starting
playback.
The fader movements and button presses will be played back just like you performed them.
You will see the faders and buttons move on the screen, like on a physical mixer with motorized controls.
• You can automate any control in the Input Console, Channel Overview, Bus/Aux Console and FX Editor windows.
• If you automated a control, you can still make a manual adjustment by “grabbing” and
dragging the control during playback.
Just remember to leave the Write function off, or your movements will be recorded “on top
of” the already recorded automation.
• The recorded “DS2416 Mix” Part can be split, copied and moved in the Arrange window, and you can also edit it in List Edit, although this is fairly technical.
The general procedures for this are described in the chapter “Mixing and using Effects” in the
Cubase VST electronic documentation.
❐
If you split and edit the Mix Part in the Arrange window, make sure to “reglue” it back
to one Part to assure proper chasing of the automation!
- 36 -
Mixing down to a Stereo Output
Once you have finished a piece of music, you may want to mix it down to an external two track recorder (DAT, MD, tape, etc). This example describes how to mix
down sixteen separate VST audio channels to stereo, adding the on-board effects,
one external effect unit and the stereo output of a MIDI instrument. The external
two track recorder is connected to the digital stereo output on the DS2416 with the
analog output used for monitoring.
❐
To be able to add external effects, you need to have at least one additional i/o unit connected (this example assumes that you have one 4 in/4 out unit).
MIDI Instrument
MIDI
16 channels
VST
DSP Factory mixer
To 2-trk and
monitoring.
Ext. FX
1. Connect your equipment in the following way:
Connect:
to:
The digital outs on the DS2416
The digital ins on the two track recorder.
The analog outs on the DS2416
Your monitoring system.
Output 4 on the additional i/o unit
The input on the external effect unit.
The stereo outs on the external effect
Inputs 3 and 4 on the additional i/o unit.
The stereo outs on the MIDI instrument
The analog inputs on the DS2416.
You also need to have a working MIDI connection from the computer to your MIDI instrument.
2. In Cubase VST, set up the audio channels so that they are routed to separate Output
Buses, and pan them fully left/right.
This panning is only done to separate the channels, by directing them to separate sides of
the stereo Output Buses. The actual panning for the stereo mix is done in the DSP Factory Input Console window.
3. In the Input Console window, make sure that DS channels 1 to 16 have the “VST” input
option selected.
Now the sixteen audio channels from Cubase VST will appear on DS channel 1 to 16.
4. Activate the stereo link for DS channels 17 and 18, and use the Input pop-up menu to
select the analog inputs (A In L/R) for these channels.
The sound of the MIDI instrument is now routed to these channels.
5. Activate the stereo link for DS channels 19 and 20, and use the Input pop-up menu to
select the inputs “IOA1-3/4” for these channels.
These channels will now serve as effect returns for the external effect.
❐
Make sure that Aux Send 4 is deactivated for channels 19 and 20, to avoid feedback!
- 37 -
6. Open the Output Patchbay window and make sure the signals are routed in the following way:
Output
Bus/Aux Send Pair
Comment
IOA3/4
Aux 3/4
External effect send (only output 4 is used).
Analog
Stereo
Monitoring.
S/P DIF
Stereo
Two track recorder.
7. Check that your audio channels play back as desired and adjust EQ/Dynamics if necessary.
You may already have created a complete automated mix, in which case everything should
be playing back just the way you want it.
8. Make sure the input signals from the MIDI Instrument are as loud as possible (without
clipping), to avoid unnecessary noise.
9. Set up the effect sends for the desired DS channels.
Aux Send 4 is routed to the external effect and Aux Sends 5 and 6 are routed to the on-board
FX units. Again, make sure that Aux Send 4 is deactivated for channels 19 and 20 to avoid
feedback!
10.Make effect settings for the internal and external effects, and adjust the effect return
channels.
11.Put your two track recorder in “Record-stand by” mode or similar, so that you can
check the input levels.
❐
A word of caution: Most digital recorders automatically switch to the correct sample
rate when recording, but there may be cases when you need to adjust this manually.
Make sure the recorder records at the sample rate used by the DS2416 card - consult
the manual for the two track recorder if necessary.
12.Play back the music and adjust the input level on the two track recorder with the Stereo Mix fader.
It should be as high as possible, without ever clipping. If you need to amplify the signal, use
the Attenuator control in the Channel Overview for the Stereo Mix.
❐
In this setup, the Stereo Mix fader will also govern the monitoring volume. If this is a
problem, you could consider connecting your monitoring equipment to outputs 1 and
2 on the i/o unit instead, and use Buses for monitoring. However, you should make
sure that all channels have these Buses fully turned up and set to Post Pan mode (to
hear exactly the same as what you record).
13.Perform the mixdown.
- 38 -
Mixing down to a new Track in Cubase VST
An alternative to mixing down to a separate two track recorder is to mix down to a
new audio file. If you were using Cubase VST alone, you would use the Export Audio
Tracks feature for this, but this cannot include the DSP Factory mixing and effects
(since the DS2416 card actually is an external mixer - albeit within your computer).
Instead you can re-record the mix to a new Stereo Track in Cubase VST, thereby creating a mixdown audio file.
• You need to have two empty audio channels available, and enough computer power to
be able to record these.
• When you re-record this way, the signal stays in the digital domain and will not be degraded by D/A-A/D conversion etc.
• The example below does exactly the same as the previous example (mixdown, adding
internal and external effects plus the output of a MIDI Instrument), although the result
will be a new stereo audio file instead.
However, this method can also be used if you just want to mix a few channels (e.g. make a
stereo mix of the drums) or add effects to a single channel to free up the on-board effect processor, etc.
1. Set up the DSP Factory windows and make connections just as in the previous example.
In this case you don’t have to connect any external two track recorder though.
2. Create a new stereo audio Track in Cubase VST, set to unused audio channels and Inputs 1 L and R.
3. In the Output Patchbay window, pull down the pop-up menu for the “DS2416 #1” output pair and select “Stereo”.
This connects the Stereo Mix to Inputs 1 L/R in Cubase VST.
4. Activate playback and check the input level in Cubase VST.
If necessary, adjust the level using the Stereo Mix fader and Attenuator control.
5. Activate recording.
- 39 -
Working with two DS2416 Cards
If you have two DS2416 cards installed, these can be connected using the SI/SO (Serial In/Out) connections on the cards, giving you access to integrated 48-channel
mixing with 4 separate on-board FX units.
1. Use the supplied serial cables to connect the SO output on card A to the SI input on
card B, and vice versa.
The two cards should be connected “both ways”. Follow the instructions in the documentation that was included with the cards.
2. Open the Output Patchbay window.
This will now have two additional columns containing output routing and word clock settings for the second card.
3. Select the “ext. SI” option in the Word clock section for one of the cards.
This will cause one of the DS2416 cards to receive word clock from the other card, ensuring
stable synchronization. In effect, the card for which you activated the “ext. SI” option is now
the “Slave” and the other card is the “Master”.
Once you have connected the two cards as described above, there will be 16 Output Buses in the VST Master window, and 8 Input pairs in the VST Audio Input window. Furthermore, the Input Console will hold the double number of channels (40
input channels, 8 effect return channels and two Stereo Mix channel strips).
Routing
With two DS2416 cards, the signal routing has the following properties:
• There are 32 separate “lines” from Cubase VST to the DSP Factory (sixteen stereo Output Buses).
By default, VST 1 to 16 are assigned as inputs to DS Channels 1 to 16, and VST 17 to 32 are assigned as inputs to DS Channels 21 to 36.
• The Buses, Aux Sends and Stereo Mix for the two cards are connected in the following
way:
DS 2416 Master
Bus
Aux
DS 2416 Slave
Stereo
Bus
Bus 1 - 8
Aux 3 / 4
Aux 1 - 6
Stereo
- 40 -
Aux
Stereo
The Buses, Aux Sends and Stereo Mix on the Slave card will receive the signals from the corresponding buses on the Master card, and the signals will be summed. In the opposite direction, only Aux Send 3/4 from the Slave card will be connected to the Master card’s Aux bus.
This makes it possible to access all four FX units from all channels, as described below.
Due to this routing, it is not possible to record on all sixteen channels simply by using the
buses. Instead you would need to route the eight Buses on the Slave card to VST Inputs 1 to
8, and route the Aux Sends and Stereo Mix on the Master card to Inputs 9 to 16.
Effects
When you have two DS2416 cards installed, the Aux 3-4 Sends will automatically be
routed to the FX Unit on the Master card. All DS channels (regardless of which card
they “belong to”) can access all four FX units.
In the FX Editor, there will be four options on the “FX Unit” pop-up menu, labelled
FX Unit 1 to 4. Aux Sends 5 and 6 are routed to FX Unit 1 and 2 (as with one card),
while Aux Sends 3 and 4 are routed to FX Unit 3 and 4.
❐
Do not route the FX Return channels to Aux Send 3-4 - this may cause a feedback loop.
Combining a DS2416 with a SW1000XG Card
If you have a Yamaha SW1000XG sound card installed, you can connect it to the
DS2416 card using the SI/SO (Serial In/Out) connections on the cards.
• Use the supplied serial cable to connect the SO output on the SW1000XG to the SI input
on the DS2416.
Follow the instructions in the documentation included with the cards.
• In the Output Patchbay window, select the “ext. SI” option in the Word clock section.
This will cause the DS2416 card to receive word clock from the SW1000XG card, ensuring stable synchronization.
Having connected the two cards, you will be able to receive 8 separate audio channels from the SW1000XG and mix them in the DS mixer. These 8 channels appear as
the “SUB 1-8” input sources, selectable using the Input pop-up menus for DS channels 9 to 16, or 17 to 24 (see page 29).
- 41 -
Remote Controlling the DSP Factory Mixer
It is possible to use a Yamaha 01V digital mixer to remote control the DSP Factory
mixer in Cubase VST. This is done using the VST Remote function.
Setting Up
❐
Make sure to read the section about the VST Remote function in the main manual as
well, for general information about remote control in Cubase VST.
1. Connect the 01V to your MIDI Interface.
The mixer should be connected “both ways” to allow feedback to indicators and motorized
faders.
2. Make the following settings on the 01V (see the 01V manual for details):
• Enable MIDI Parameter Change Receive and Transmit.
• Disable MIDI Control Change Receive and Transmit.
• Set Device ID / MIDI Channel Receive to “0”.
• Set the 01V to “Local Control Off”.
This ensures that you don’t change the internal settings on the 01V instead of the DSP Factory parameters.
3. In Cubase VST, pull down the Options menu and select “Setup” from the Remote Setup
submenu.
The VST Remote dialog appears.
4. Pull down the Remote pop-up menu and select “Yamaha 01v”.
5. Pull down the Input pop-up menu and select the MIDI Input to which the 01v is connected.
6. Pull down the Output pop-up menu and select the MIDI Output that is connected to the
01v.
7. Click OK to close the dialog.
You are now ready to use 01v as a remote control unit.
❐
Cubase VST will overwrite the contents of Scene 99 in the 01V, and use this Scene as a
Layout indicator (see next page)! Therefore, you should make sure that Scene 99
doesn’t contain any valuable information before you start using the 01V as remote
control unit.
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About the Layouts
As when you are using the 01V to control the VST mixer parameters, there are two
different “Layouts” for controlling the DSP Factory Mixer in Cubase VST (there are
also two Layouts for controlling the VST Mixer, as described in the main documentation). Which channels on the 01V control which DS-channels in Cubase VST, depends on the selected Layout. However, the controllable parameters for each
“channel strip” are the same in each layout (see below).
• You switch between the Layouts by pressing the Memory button on the 01V panel.
The 01V display will show the name of the currently selected Layout (using Scene 99, as mentioned above).
Layout 1
Channels in 01V
DS-Channels in Cubase VST DSP Factory Mixer
1 to 12
1 to 12
13/14
13 (activate the Stereo Link for channel 13 to control channels 13 and 14 simultaneously)
15/16
15 (activate the Stereo Link for channel 13 to control channels 13 and 14 simultaneously)
Stereo Master
Stereo Mix
Return 1
FX Return 1 (activate the Stereo Link for FX Return channel 1 to control FX
Return channels 1 and 2 simultaneously)
Return 2
FX Return 3 (activate the Stereo Link for FX Return channel 3 to control FX
Return channels 3 and 4 simultaneously)
Aux Master 1-6
Aux Master 1-6
Layout 2
Channels in 01V
DS-Channels in Cubase VST DSP Factory Mixer
1 to 4
17 to 20
Stereo Master
Stereo Mix
Return 1
FX Return 1 (activate the Stereo Link for FX Return channel 1 to control FX
Return channels 1 and 2 simultaneously)
Return 2
FX Return 3 (activate the Stereo Link for FX Return channel 3 to control FX
Return channels 3 and 4 simultaneously)
Aux Master 1-6
Aux Master 1-6
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Controllable Parameters
Channels 1 to 20
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Volume.
Pan.
Mute.
Aux Send 1-6 (“01v Effect 1 and 2” correspond to Aux 5 and 6).
EQ Freq, Gain and Q-values (four bands).
Stereo Link switch.
Attenuator.
Phase Invert Switch.
Bus Send On 1 to 4.
Stereo Mix switch.
FX Return Channels
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Volume.
Pan.
Mute.
Aux Send 1-4.
EQ Freq, Gain and Q-values (four bands).
Bus Send On 1 to 4.
Stereo Mix switch.
Stereo Mix Section
•
•
•
•
Volume.
Balance.
Mute.
EQ Freq, Gain and Q-values (four bands).
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Index
F
A
Fader 15
FX Editor 26
FX Return Channels 16
ASIO Drivers 4
Attenuator 25
Automation 36
Aux Assign Mode
Controls 15
Selecting 13
Aux Send Mode
Controls 21
Selecting 14
AX44 Audio Expansion Units 3
Input Console 13
Inputs
Activating in VST 6
Default Routing 10
Routing 29
Selecting in VST 8
IOA/IOB 11
B
L
Bus Assign Mode
Controls 15
Selecting 13
Bus Send Mode
Controls 21
Selecting 14
Bus/Aux Console 24
Level Fader 15
Level Meter 15
Link (Dynamics Mode) 19
C
I
M
Meter Buttons 23
Mixing down 37
Monitoring 4, 32
Mute 15
Channel Overview 25
D
Delay (Channel) 25
DS2416 Digital Mixing Card 3
DS2416 Mix Part 36
Dynamics Mode
Controls 20
Link 19
Selecting 14
Type 18
N
Narrow mode 14
O
Output Buses (in VST) 7
Output Patchbay 27
Outputs
Default Routing 11
Physical 27
Routing 31
E
Effects
Default Routing 11
Return Channels 16
Sends 21
Settings 26
With Two Cards 41
EQ Mode
Controls 17
Selecting 14
Shelving/HPF/LPF 18
P
Pan 15
Peak Hold 23
Phase Invert 25
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R
W
Read 23, 36
Recording
Mono 32
Multi-Track 35
Stereo 33
With Effects 34
Remote Control 42
Routing
Changing 29
Default 9
With two cards 40
Wordclock 28
Write 23, 36
Y
Yamaha DS2416 Drivers 4
S
Sample Rate 28
Solo 15
Stereo link 15
Stereo Mix 22
Stereo Mix on/off 16
SUB Inputs 41
SW1000XG Card 41
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