VESPA Vespa GTS 250 Technical data

Vespa would like to thank you
for choosing one of its products. We have prepared this booklet to help you to get the very best from your scooter. Please read it carefully before riding
the scooter for the first time. It contains information, tips and precautions for using your scooter. It also describes features, details and devices to assure
you that you have made the right choice. We believe that if you follow our suggestions, you will soon get to know your new vehicle and it will serve you
well for a long time to come. This booklet forms an integral part of the scooter; should the scooter be sold, it must be transferred to the new owner.
Vespa GTS 250
Ed. 2
The instructions given in this booklet are intended to provide a clear, simple guide to using your scooter; details are also given of routine maintenance
procedures and regular checks that should be carried out on the vehicle at an Authorised PIAGGIO Dealer or Service Centre. The booklet also
contains instructions for simple repairs. Any operations not specifically described in this booklet require the use of special tools and/or particular technical
knowledge: to carry out these operations refer to any authorised PIAGGIO Dealer of Service Centre.
2
Personal safety
Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment
Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the vehicle to prevent damaging the environment.
Vehicle intactness
The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
The signs that you see on this page are very important. They are used to highlight those
parts of the booklet that should be read with particular care. As you can see, each sign
consists of a different graphic symbol, making it quick and easy to locate the various
topics.
3
4
INDEX
VEHICLE......................................................................................
Dashboard................................................................................
Analogue instrument panel.......................................................
Clock.........................................................................................
Digital lcd display......................................................................
Setting the total and trip odometers......................................
Key switch.................................................................................
Locking the steering wheel....................................................
Releasing the steering wheel................................................
Switch direction indicators........................................................
Horn button...............................................................................
Light switch...............................................................................
Start-up button..........................................................................
Engine stop button....................................................................
The immobilizer system............................................................
Keys......................................................................................
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led...............................
Operation...............................................................................
Programming the immobilizer system...................................
Accessing the fuel tank.............................................................
Opening the saddle...............................................................
Identification..............................................................................
Rear top box opening................................................................
USE..............................................................................................
Checks......................................................................................
Refuelling..................................................................................
Tyre pressure............................................................................
Shock absorbers adjustment....................................................
Running in.................................................................................
Starting up the engine...............................................................
Precautions...........................................................................
Difficult start up.........................................................................
Stopping the engine..................................................................
7
8
8
10
10
11
11
11
12
12
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
17
18
20
21
21
22
25
26
26
29
30
31
31
32
33
33
Stand.........................................................................................
Automatic transmission.............................................................
Safe driving...............................................................................
Rear rack..................................................................................
MAINTENANCE...........................................................................
Engine oil level..........................................................................
Engine oil level check............................................................
Engine oil top-up...................................................................
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure).................................
Engine oil change..................................................................
Hub oil level..............................................................................
Tyres.........................................................................................
Spark plug dismantlement........................................................
Removing the air filter...............................................................
Cooling fluid level......................................................................
Checking the brake oil level......................................................
Battery.......................................................................................
Use of a new battery.............................................................
Long periods of inactivity..........................................................
Fuses........................................................................................
Front light group........................................................................
Headlight adjustment.............................................................
Front direction indicators...........................................................
Rear optical unit........................................................................
Rear turn indicators...................................................................
Rear-view mirrors......................................................................
Front and rear disc brake..........................................................
Puncture....................................................................................
Periods of inactivity...................................................................
Cleaning the vehicle..................................................................
TECHNICAL DATA......................................................................
Kit equipment............................................................................
SPARE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES........................................
5
34
34
35
37
39
40
40
40
41
41
43
45
46
47
48
50
51
52
53
54
59
61
61
62
62
63
63
64
65
65
71
76
77
Warnings................................................................................... 78
PROGRAMMED MAINTENANCE............................................... 81
Scheduled maintenance table................................................... 82
6
Vespa GTS
250
Chap. 01
Vehicle
7
Dashboard (01_01)
A = Starter button
B = Engine block Run-Off switch
C = Throttle control
D = Front brake lever
E = Instrument panel
F = Rear brake control lever
01_01
G = Horn button
H = Turn indicator switch
I = Light switch
Analogue instrument panel (01_02)
A = Digital dashboard
B = Rhs turn signal indicator light
C = Headlights indicator light
D = Low-oil pressure warning light
E = High-beam indicator lighti
F = Low-fuel warning light
G = Speedometer
1 Vehicle
H = Lhs turn signal indicator light
I = Antitheft LED (immobilizer)
L = Engine management and injection diagnostics light
8
1 Vehicle
01_02
9
Clock (01_03)
Located on the instrument panel, it displays hours and minutes with 1 to 24 hour time.
Besides hours and minutes, month and day can also be displayed with the «T» button.
In order to adjust the above mentioned functions, operate button «U».
01_03
Digital lcd display (01_04)
A = Odometer
B = Coolant temperature gauge
C = Fuel level gauge
D = Tachometer
E = Digital clock
F = External temperature indicator
1 Vehicle
01_04
10
The «TRIP» button displays the total and partial kilometres covered when pressed
repeatedly for less than 1 second. It resets the trip odometer when pushed more than
3 seconds. Push the «TRIP» button again to return to total odometer value.
01_05
Key switch (01_06)
LOCK = ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical antitheft device enabled.
OFF = ignition disabled, extractable key, mechanical antitheft device disabled.
ON = Ready to ignition position, non-extractable key, mechanical antitheft device disabled, lights on.
01_06
Locking the steering wheel
Turn the handlebar to the left (as far as it will go), turn the key to «LOCK» and remove
the key.
CAUTION
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
11
1 Vehicle
Setting the total and trip odometers (01_05)
Releasing the steering wheel
Reinsert the key and turn it to «OFF».
CAUTION
DO NOT TURN THE KEY TO «LOCK» OR «OFF» WHILE RIDING.
Switch direction indicators (01_07)
Lever towards "S" = Left turn indicator is switched on;
Lever towards "D" = Right turn indicator is switched on;
The lever returns automatically to position "0" and the turn indicator "B" remains on;
press the lever to turn them off.
1 Vehicle
01_07
12
Push the «C» button to sound the horn.
01_08
Light switch (01_09)
0 = Low beam and side light
1 = High beam and side light
01_09
13
1 Vehicle
Horn button (01_08)
Start-up button (01_10)
Starter button "G"
01_10
Engine stop button (01_11)
0 = OFF
1 = RUN
01_11
1 Vehicle
The immobilizer system
In order to enhance theft protection, the scooter is equipped with a «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER » electronic engine locking device that is activated automatically when
the starter key is removed. Upon start-up, the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system
checks the starter key, and only if this key is recognised will the immobilizer system
allow the scooter to be started.
14
Two types of keys come with the vehicle.
The red-handgrip key "A" is the "MASTER" key.
Only a single copy of this key is supplied, which is necessary to program all your other
keys and for your dealer to perform some maintenance operations. For this reason it
is advised that it be used only in exceptional circumstances.
The blue key «B» (single copy supplied) is used for normal operations such as:
01_12
- engine start up
- glove-box opening
Together with the two keys, you will be given a CODE CARD bearing the same code
imprinted onto the two keys.
WARNING
LOSING THE RED KEY PREVENTS ANY REPAIRS OF THE 'PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER' SYSTEM AND THE ENGINE CONTROL UNIT.
01_13
WARNING
KEEP THE 'CODE CARD' AND THE RED HANDGRIP KEY IN A SAFE PLACE (NOT
ON YOUR VEHICLE).
01_14
15
1 Vehicle
Keys (01_12, 01_13, 01_14)
Immobilizerdevice enabled indicator led (01_15)
The operation of the «PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER» system is signalled by a blinking
indicator light, «I» (see the «Analogue dashboard» section).
To prevent the battery from discharging, the indicator led automatically shuts down
after 48 hours of uninterrupted operation.
1 Vehicle
In the event of a malfunction to the system, the indicator led provides diagnostic information to your Authorised Piaggio Service Centre through its blinking patterns.
16
1 Vehicle
01_15
Operation
Every time the starter key is removed in the "OFF" or "LOCK" position, the safety
system activates the immobilizer system. Turning the key to "ON" disables the engine
lock, provided that the safety system recognises the code transmitted by the key. If
the code is not recognised, turn the key first to "OFF" and then to "ON"; if the lock
cannot be disabled, try with the other key supplied (red-coloured). If the engine cannot
17
be started, contact an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre, which is provided with
the electronic equipment required to detect and repair the system.
When additional keys are required, please note that data storage (up to 7 keys max.)
must be done on all keys, both new ones and existing ones.
Take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre carrying with you the
red-handgrip key and all the blue keys in your possession.
The codes of keys not submitted for the new storage procedure are deleted from the
memory. Any lost keys will therefore not be enabled to start the engine.
WARNING
EACH KEY HAS ITS OWN AND UNIQUE CODE, WHICH MUST BE STORED BY
THE SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT.
VIOLENT SHOCKS MAY AFFECT THE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS OF THE
KEY.
IF OWNERSHIP OF THE VEHICLE IS TRANSFERRED, THE RED-HANDGRIP KEY
(AS WELL AS THE OTHER KEYS) AND THE "CODE CARD" MUST ALSO BE
TRANSFERRED TO THE NEW OWNER.
Programming the immobilizer system
1 Vehicle
Below is described the procedure to follow for programming the PIAGGIO IMMOBILIZER system and/or for storing other key codes. The programming procedure should
be carried out with the engine stop switch set to «RUN».
Procedure start - red key
Insert the red-handgrip key in the switch key (in "OFF" position) and turn it to "ON".
After 1 - 3 seconds, turn the key to "OFF" again and pull it out.
18
Within ten seconds after pulling out the red key, insert the black key and promptly turn
it to «ON». After 1-3 seconds, turn the key to "OFF" again and pull it out.
In this way, a maximum of 3 blue keys can be programmed by repeating the above
procedure and keeping the indicated times.
Final step - red key
After pulling out the last blue key, insert the red key again and turn it to "ON" (this
operation should be performed within 10 seconds of pulling out the previous key).
Leave it in this position for 1 to 3 seconds and return it to the «OFF» position.
Proper programming check
Insert the red key disabling the transponder (i.e., tilt the key cap by 90°) and turn the
key to "ON". Perform the engine start-up operation. Ensure that the engine does not
start. Insert the blue key and repeat the start-up operation. Check that engine starts.
WARNING
SHOULD THE ENGINE START WITH THE RED KEY (WITH TRANSPONDER OFF),
OR IN THE EVENT OF WRONG OPERATION DURING PROGRAMMING, REPEAT
THE PROCEDURE FROM THE BEGINNING.
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1 Vehicle
Intermediate step - blu key
Accessing the fuel tank (01_16, 01_17, 01_18)
With the key set to «OFF» or «ON», or with engine on, it is possible to electrically open
the saddle by pressing the button «C». If the saddle opening system does not work,
operate the emergency lever «A». Then, unscrew cap «B» and the fuel tank can be
reached.
01_16
1 Vehicle
01_17
01_18
20
With the key set to «OFF» or «ON», or with engine on, it is possible to electrically open
the saddle by pressing button «C». If the electric opening does not work, use the
emergency lever "A". When the key is set to «LOCK» the saddle cannot be opened.
01_19
01_20
Identification (01_21, 01_22, 01_23)
The identification registration numbers consist of a prefix followed by a number stamped on both the chassis «A» and the engine «B». These numbers must always be
indicated on spare parts requests. To read the chassis number, lift the saddle and
remove the helmet compartment «C». We recommend checking that the chassis registration number stamped on the vehicle corresponds with that on the vehicle documentation.
01_21
21
1 Vehicle
Opening the saddle (01_19, 01_20)
CAUTION
BE REMINDED THAT ALTERING IDENTIFICATION REGISTRATION NUMBERS
CAN LEAD TO SERIOUS PENAL SANCTIONS (IMPOUNDING OF THE VEHICLE,
ETC.).
01_22
01_23
Rear top box opening (01_24)
1 Vehicle
Insert the key into the switch and press down until the glove compartment opens. If
the switch is set to "LOCK", turn the key to "OFF" or "ON" before pressing it down.
01_24
22
1 Vehicle
23
24
1 Vehicle
Vespa GTS
250
Chap. 02
Use
25
Checks
Before using the vehicle, check:
1. There is enough fuel in the fuel tank.
2. The correct fluid level for front and rear brakes.
3. That tyres are properly inflated.
4. The correct functioning of tail lights, headlamp, turn indicators, stop light and license
plate light.
5. The correct functioning of front and rear brakes.
6. The oil level in the gearcase.
7. The engine oil level.
8. The coolant level.
Refuelling (02_01, 02_02)
Fuel: lift the seat and remove the filler cap «B». Recommended fuel: Unleaded petrol;
95 octane min. The low-fuel warning light «F» goes on when the fuel level reaches
the reserve mark.
WARNING
02_01
SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE BEFORE REFUELLING WITH PETROL.
PETROL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE.
2 Use
DO NOT SMOKE AND KEEP OPEN FLAMES AT A DISTANCE:FIRE HAZARD.
DO NOT INHALE FUEL FUMES.
26
CAUTION
PETROL DAMAGES THE PLASTIC PARTS OF THE BODYWORK.
CAUTION
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
CAUTION
DO NOT USE THE VEHICLE TO THE COMPLETE EXHAUSTION OF THE FUEL;
IN THE EVENT THAT THIS SHOULD OCCUR, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE
ENGINE. TURN THE KEY SWITCH TO OFF AND TOP-UP THE TANK AS SOON
AS POSSIBLE. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE GUIDELINES COULD DAMAGE
THE FUEL PUMP AND/OR THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER.
Characteristic
Fuel tank capacity
~ 9.2 litres
27
2 Use
DO NOT ALLOW PETROL TO COME INTO CONTACT WITH HOT ENGINE OR
ANY PLASTIC PARTS.
2 Use
02_02
28
Check the tyre pressure and wear periodically (roughly every 500 km). The tyres are
equipped with wear indicators; the tyres should be replaced as soon as these indicators become visible on the tyre tread. Also check that tyres do not show cuts on the
sides or irregular tread wear; if this occurs, go to an authorised workshop or at least
a workshop equipped to perform the replacement.
CAUTION
02_03
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
Characteristic
Front tyre pressure
1.8 bar
Rear tyre pressure
2 bar
Rear tyre pressure - driver and passenger
2.2 bar
29
2 Use
Tyre pressure (02_03)
Shock absorbers adjustment (02_04)
The preloading of the springs can be adjusted to 4 positions using the ring nut located
in the lower part of the shock absorbers and the specific spanner supplied.
Position 1: minimum preload: driver only
Position 2 medium preloading: driver only
Position 3 medium preloading: rider and passenger
Position 4: maximum preloading: driver, passenger, and luggage.
02_04
In order to carry out this operation you will need to use the specific spanner in the kit.
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH THE SPRING PRELOADING NOT CORRECTLY SET
FOR THE RIDER AND POSSIBLE PASSENGER, COULD REDUCE THE COMFORT OF THE RIDE AND THE PRECISION OF THE STEERING.
WARNING
WE RECOMMEND WEARING GLOVES WHILE CARRYING OUT THIS OPERATION IN ORDER TO AVOID INJURIES.
WARNING
2 Use
WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND NOT TO ADJUST BOTH SHOCK ABSORBERS
WITH DIFFERENT PRELOADING
30
WARNING
02_05
DURING THE FIRST 1000 KM DO NOT RIDE THE VEHICLE OVER 80% OF ITS
MAXIMUM SPEED. AVOID TWISTING THE THROTTLE GRIP FULLY OR KEEPING A CONSTANT SPEED ALONG LONG SECTIONS OF ROAD. AFTER THE
FIRST 1000 KM, GRADUALLY INCREASE SPEED UNTIL REACHING THE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE.
Starting up the engine (02_06, 02_07)
To start the engine it is necessary, before pressing the starter button, to pull and keep
pulled the front or rear brake lever, which activates the appropriate switch allowing
start-up.
1. Rest the vehicle on its centre-stand, ensuring the rear wheel is not touching the
ground.
2. Maintain the throttle grip «E» completely untwisted.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch «A» and turn to position «ON».
02_06
4. Make sure that switch «B» "0-1" is set to "1".
5. Pull lever «C» of the front or rear brake and then activate the starter button «D».
WARNING
THE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION MAKES THE REAR WHEEL TURN EVEN
WHEN THE THROTTLE IS SLIGHTLY TWISTED. RELEASE THE BRAKE CAREFULLY AFTER STARTING, AND THEN ACCELERATE GRADUALLY.
31
2 Use
Running in (02_05)
CAUTION
DO NOT START-UP THE ENGINE IN CLOSED AREAS BECAUSE EXHAUST
GASES ARE TOXIC.
02_07
Precautions
CAUTION
NEVER STRESS THE ENGINE AT LOW TEMPERATURES IN ORDER TO AVOID
POSSIBLE DAMAGE. BE CAREFUL NEVER TO EXCEED THE MAXIMUM SPEED
WHILE RUNNING DOWNHILL, IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE.
IN ANY CASE, IN ORDER TO PRESERVE THE ENGINE FROM PROLONGED EXCESSIVE REVOLUTIONS, THE REVOLUTION LIMITER WILL BE ACTIVATED IF
THE ENGINE SPEED EXCEEDS THE ESTABLISHED THRESHOLD.
WARNING
2 Use
AFTER A LONG DISTANCE COVERED AT THE MAXIMUM SPEED, DO NOT STOP
THE ENGINE IMMEDIATELY, BUT LET IT RUN AT IDLE FOR A FEW SECONDS.
32
In the rare case of flooding the engine, to facilitate start-up, it is possible to try to put
the vehicle into action with the gas hand grip partially or completely open. It is however
necessary, once the engine is started, to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service
Centre to determine the cause of this problem and to re-establish the vehicle proper
functioning.
Stopping the engine (02_08, 02_09)
Fully untwist the throttle grip and then turn the switch key «A» to «OFF» (extractable
key), or turn the switch «B» to «0».
CAUTION
02_08
DUE TO THE HIGH TEMPERATURES THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER CAN
REACH, ALWAYS TAKE CARE, WHEN PARKING THE SCOOTER, THAT THE
EXHAUST DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH FLAMMABLE MATERIALS,
TO AVOID SERIOUS BURNS.
CAUTION
DO NOT SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE WHILE THE VEHICLE IS MOVING. UNBURNED FUEL COULD ENTER THE CATALYTIC CONVERTER AND BURN,
CAUSING IT TO OVERHEAT AND POSSIBLY DESTROYING IT.
02_09
33
2 Use
Difficult start up
Stand (02_10)
CENTRE STAND
Push with your foot on the centre stand's fork «F» while lifting the vehicle backward,
holding onto the handlebar.
SIDE STAND
With your foot push the projection of the stand «L » in order to open it and at the same
time lean the vehicle on you.
02_10
Automatic transmission (02_11, 02_12)
To ensure simple, pleasurable riding, the vehicle is equipped with automatic transmission with regulator and centrifugal clutch. The system is designed to provide the
best performance (acceleration and consumption) while riding on both flat roads and
uphill.
If you have to stop on an uphill slope (traffic lights, traffic jam, etc.) use only the brake
to keep the vehicle still, leaving the engine running at idle speed. Using the
engine to keep the vehicle still can cause the clutch to overheat, due to the
friction of the clutch mechanism itself against the clutch bell.
2 Use
02_11
It is therefore recommended to avoid conditions of prolonged clutch slippage (other
than those previously indicated) like driving uphill fully laden on steep slopes or starting
off with driver and passenger at slopes with steepness greater than 25%.
Observe the following precautions if the clutch overheats:
34
2. Let the clutch cool down with the engine at idle speed for a few minutes.
02_12
Safe driving (02_13, 02_14)
WARNING
SOME SIMPLE TIPS ARE PROVIDED BELOW THAT WILL ENABLE YOU TO USE
YOUR SCOOTER ON A DAILY BASIS IN GREATER SAFETY AND WITH MORE
PEACE OF MIND.
<
Your ability and your knowledge of the vehicle form the basis of safe riding. We recommend trying out the vehicle in traffic-free zones to get to know your vehicle
completely.
ALWAYS DRIVE WITHIN YOUR LIMITS
1. Before riding off, remember to put on your helmet and fasten it correctly.
2. Reduce speed and ride cautiously on uneven roads.
02_13
3. Remember that after riding on a long stretch of wet road without using the brakes,
the braking effect is initially lower. Given these conditions, it is a good idea to operate
the brakes from time to time.
35
2 Use
1. Do not continue riding in such conditions.
4. Do not brake hard on a wet surface, on dirt tracks or on any slippery road surface.
5. If you have to brake, use both brakes in order to divide the braking action between
both wheels.
6. Avoid starting off by mounting the scooter while it is still resting on its stand. In any
case, the rear wheel should not be turning when in comes into contact with the ground,
in order to avoid abrupt departures.
02_14
7. If the vehicle is used on roads covered with sand, mud, snow mixed with salt, etc.,
clean the brake disc frequently with mild detergent in order to prevent abrasive substances from building up within the holes, which can result in early wear of the brake
pads.
8. Any elaboration that modifies the vehicle's performances, such as tampering with
original structural parts is strictly forbidden by law, and renders the vehicle not conforming to the approved type and therefor dangerous to ride.
CAUTION
DO NOT FORGET THAT DRIVING IN A STATE OF DRUNKENNESS, OR WHEN
UNDER THE EFFECT OF DRUGS OR CERTAIN MEDICINES, CAN BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS FOR ONESELF AND FOR OTHERS.
CAUTION
2 Use
ANY CHANGES TO THE VEHICLE PERFORMANCE AS WELL AS ALTERATIONS
TO ORIGINAL STRUCTURAL PARTS IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN BY LAW, AND
RENDERS THE VEHICLE NO LONGER CONFORMING TO THE APPROVED TYPE
AND DANGEROUS FOR RIDING.
36
When riding without packages on the luggage racks, set the corresponding retainer
latch "A" as shown in the photograph.
WARNING
Maximum admissible load: 6 kg
02_15
37
2 Use
Rear rack (02_15)
38
2 Use
Vespa GTS
250
Chap. 03
Maintenance
39
Engine oil level
In 4T engines, engine oil is used to lubricate the distribution elements, main bearings
and thermal group. An insufficient quantity of oil can cause serious damage to
the engine itself. In all four-stroke engines, a loss of efficiency in oil performance and
consumption should be considered normal. Consumption can particularly reflect the
conditions of use (i.e. when driving at "full acceleration" all the time, oil consumption
increases). The replacement frequencies provided for by the maintenance programme
are defined, depending on the total contents of oil in the engine and average consumption measured following standardised methods. In order to prevent any problems, we recommend checking oil level more frequently than indicated in the
Scheduled Maintenance table or before setting off on long journeys. The vehicle
is, however, equipped with an oil pressure warning light on the instrument panel.
Engine oil level check (03_01)
Every time the scooter is used, a visual check should be made on the level of the
engine oil when the engine is cold. The oil level should be somewhere between the
MAX and MIN index marks on the level bar; the check must be made with the scooter
upright, resting on the centre stand. If the check is carried out after the vehicle has
been used, and therefore with a hot engine, the level line will be lower; in order to carry
out a correct check, wait at least 10 minutes after the engine has been stopped so as
to get the correct level.
03_01
3 Maintenance
Engine oil top-up
Any topping up with oil must be carried out after the oil level check by adding oil, but
never exceeding the MAX level. The topping up of the level between MIN and
MAX requires approx. 200 cc of oil. Every 5000 km, however, the engine oil level
should be checked and topped up, if necessary, at an Authorised Piaggio Service
Centre.
40
The vehicle is equipped with a warning light that lights up when the key is turned to
the «ON». However, this light should switch off once the engine has been started. If
the light comes on while braking, at idle speed or while turning a corner, it is
necessary to check the oil level and top it up if required. If after having toppedup the oil, the warning light still comes on while braking, at idle speed or while
turning a corner, it will be necessary to take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre.
Engine oil change (03_02, 03_03)
The oil and cartridge filter "C" must be changed after 1,000 km and every 10,000 km
at an authorised Piaggio service centre. The engine should be emptied by draining
the oil from the drainage cap "B" of the gauze filter on the flywheel side. In order to
facilitate the oil drainage, loosen the cap/dipstick. Since a certain quantity of oil remains in the circuit still, the top-up should be carried out with around 600 ÷ 650 cc of
oil from cap "A". Then start up the scooter, leave it running for a few minutes and
switch it off: after five minutes, check the level and if necessary top up without exceeding the MAX. level. The cartridge filter must be replaced at every oil change.
For top up and change, use new oil of the recommended type.
03_02
WARNING
RUNNING THE ENGINE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION OR WITH INADEQUATE LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF THE MOVING
PARTS AND CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
03_03
41
3 Maintenance
Warning light (insufficient oil pressure)
WARNING
EXCESSIVE OIL LEVEL AT TOP-UPS CAN LEAD TO SCALE FORMATION AND
VEHICLE MALFUNCTION.
CAUTION
USED OILS CONTAIN SUBSTANCES HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT. FOR
OIL CHANGE, CONTACT AN AUTHORISED PIAGGIO SERVICE CENTRE, AS
THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF USED OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY
FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
CAUTION
USING OILS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SHORTEN THE LIFE
OF THE ENGINE.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
3 Maintenance
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA Synthetic oil
42
Check the oil in the rear hub. To check the rear hub oil level, proceed as follows:
1) Park the scooter on level ground and rest it on its stand.
2) Unscrew dipstick «A», wipe it clean with a cloth, reinsert it and tighten completely.
3) Pull out the dipstick and check that the oil level is above the first notch from the
bottom.
4) Reinsert the dipstick and ensure that it is tightened correctly.
03_04
N.B.
THE NOTCHES ON THE HUB OIL LEVEL DIPSTICK, EXCEPT THE ONE INDICATING THE MAX LEVEL, REFER TO OTHER MODELS BY THE MANUFACTURER AND HAVE NO SPECIFIC FUNCTION FOR THIS MODEL.
CAUTION
03_05
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT HUB LUBRICATION OR WITH CONTAMINATED OR IMPROPER LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND
TEAR OF THE MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE SERIOUS DAMAGE.
CAUTION
USED OIL CAN HARM THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION AND DISPOSAL
SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT REGULATIONS.
CAUTION
AN EXCESSIVE QUANTITY OF OIL CAN LEAD TO SPILL OVER, WHICH MAY
CAUSE THE ENGINE AND THE WHEEL TO GET DIRTY.
43
3 Maintenance
Hub oil level (03_04, 03_05)
CAUTION
WHEN REPLACING THE HUB OIL DO NOT LET THE OIL COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE REAR BRAKE DISC.
CAUTION
FOR OIL REPLACEMENT, CONTACT ANY AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE AS
THEY ARE EQUIPPED TO DISPOSE OF USED OILS IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY
FRIENDLY AND LEGAL WAY.
Recommended products
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the requirements of API GL3 specifications
Characteristic
Rear hub oil
3 Maintenance
250 cc
44
Check tyre pressure periodically (about every 500 km). Tyres feature wear indicators;
replace tyres as soon as these indicators become visible on the tyre tread. Also check
that the tyres do not show signs of splitting at the side or irregular tread wear; if this
occurs, go to an authorised workshop or at least to a workshop equipped to perform
the replacement.
CAUTION
03_06
TYRE PRESSURE SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN TYRES ARE COLD.INCORRECT TYRE PRESSURE CAUSES ABNORMAL TYRE WEAR AND MAKES RIDING DANGEROUS.
TYRES MUST BE REPLACED WHEN THE TREAD REACHES THE WEAR LIMITS
SET FORTH BY LAW.
Characteristic
Front tyre pressure
1.8 bar
Rear tyre pressure
2 bar
Rear tyre pressure - driver and passenger
2.2 bar
45
3 Maintenance
Tyres (03_06)
Spark plug dismantlement (03_07, 03_08)
Proceed as follows:
1. lift the saddle «A»
2. lift the helmet compartment «B» and reach into the spark plug with your hand;
3. disconnect cap of the spark plug HV wire;
4. unscrew the spark plug using the spark plug spanners «D» supplied;
03_07
5. When refitting, place the spark plug in the hole at the due inclination and screw it
by hand until it is finger tight;
6. use the box-spanner«D» supplied only for locking;
7. place cap fully over the spark plug.
WARNING
03_08
THE SPARK PLUG MUST BE REMOVED WHEN THE ENGINE IS COLD. THE
SPARK PLUG MUST BE REPLACED EVERY 20,000 KM. USE OF ELECTRONIC
CONTROL UNITS OR ELECTRONIC IGNITIONS DIFFERING FROM THOSE RECOMMENDED CAN SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE ENGINE.
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
THE USE OF SPARK PLUGS OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED OR A
SHIELDLESS SPARK PLUG CAP COULD CAUSE DISTURBANCES TO THE SYSTEM.
Characteristic
Recommended spark plug
Champion RG 4 PHP
46
Proceed as follows:
1. unscrew the fixing screw «A».
2. unscrew the nut «B» under the body.
3. remove the left side fairing.
4. remove the helmet compartment;
03_09
5. unscrew the fixing screws «C» that can be reached once the helmet compartment
has been removed;
6. Unscrew the screws «D» and remove the air filter cover.
Remove the filtering element and clean it with water and shampoo; then dry it with a
clean cloth and short blasts of compressed air. Finally, immerse it in a mixture of 50%
oil of the recommended type and 50% petrol. Then gently squeeze the filter element
between your hands, allow it to drip and then refit it. Oil or water deposits in the filter
housing can be cleaned off by removing the two rubber caps «E».
CAUTION
03_10
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS, IT IS NECESSARY TO SERVICE
THE AIR FILTER MORE OFTEN TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE.
CAUTION
IN ORDER NOT TO DAMAGE THE VEHICLE PLASTIC COVERS CONTACT AN
AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE TO HAVE THE AIR FILTER CLEANED.
Recommended products
03_11
AGIP FILTER OIL
47
3 Maintenance
Removing the air filter (03_09, 03_10, 03_11, 03_12)
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased adhesiveness
03_12
Cooling fluid level (03_13, 03_14)
03_13
Engine cooling is carried out by a forced-circulation coolant system; the cooling system
holds about 2.100 ÷ 2.150 l of coolant- a mixture of 50% de-ionised water and 50%
ethylene-glycol antifreeze solution and corrosion inhibitors. Recommended coolant,
supplied with already mixed and ready for use fluid. For proper functioning of the engine, the coolant temperature needle should be within the middle zone of the scale
between the 5th and 8th bar. If the needle points at the 10th bar, the instrument bars
lit at that moment start flashing. Stop the engine, let it cool down and check the fluid
level; if the level is OK, take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. If when using your scooter at a low gear the coolant temperature exceeds the
above values, shut off the engine and let it cool down. Then check the coolant level.
if level is OK, take your scooter to an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. The fluid
level must checked every 10,000 kilometres with a cold engine, in the way shown
below:
3 Maintenance
a) Place the scooter in a vertical position on the stand.
b) Unscrew the fixing screw «A» and remove the cover.
c) Check the fluid level according to the two marks- MIN and MAX «B» on the reservoir
d) Top up, if necessary, if the fluid level is below the MIN level on the scale inside the
expansion tank. The fluid level must always be between MIN and MAX level
03_14
48
WARNING
TO AVOID THE RISK OF SCALDING, DO NOT UNSCREW THE EXPANSION
TANK COVER WHILE THE ENGINE IS STILL HOT.
WARNING
IN ORDER TO AVOID HARMFUL FLUID LEAKS WHILE RIDING, IT IS IMPORTANT
TO MAKE SURE THAT THE LEVEL NEVER EXCEEDS THE MAXIMUM VALUE.
IN ORDER TO GUARANTEE THE PROPER FUNCTION OF THE ENGINE, IT IS
NECESSARY TO KEEP THE RADIATOR GRILLE CLEAN.
Recommended products
AGIP PERMANENT SPEZIAL
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid, CUNA NC 956-16
49
3 Maintenance
If the fluid is near the minimum level, top-up only when the engine is cold. If it is necessary to top up the coolant frequently, or if the expansion tank is completely dry, you
should look for the cause in the cooling system. Have the cooling system checked at
an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre. Coolant must be changed every 2 years at
an Authorised Piaggio Service Centre.
Checking the brake oil level (03_15, 03_16)
The brake reservoirs are located on top of the pumps, underneath the handlebar cover
(front on the rhs and rear on the left). The procedures for the inspection of the brake
fluid level for the front and rear brakes are identical.
Proceed as follows:
1. rest the vehicle on its centre-stand with the handlebars perfectly horizontal;
2. loosen screw «A» and remove cover «B»;
03_15
3. remove both riding mirrors;
4. check the brake fluid level through the sight hole, «C».
The brake fluid level inside the reservoirs will decrease as the brake pads start wearing
out. Should the level appear to be below the minimum mark, please contact your
nearest in order to carry out a thorough inspection of the braking system. Proceed as
follows:
remove the reservoir cap, «D», by loosening the two screws, «E»; hence top-up using
the recommended fluid only, and without exceeding the max mark.
03_16
Under normal weather conditions, the brake fluid must be replaced every 2 years. This
operation must be carried out by trained personnel; it is therefore necessary to contact
an Authorised PIAGGIO Service Station
WARNING
3 Maintenance
ONLY USE DOT 4 CLASS BRAKE FLUIDS. COOLING SYSTEM FLUIDS ARE
HIGHLY CORROSIVE. MAKE SURE THAT IT DOES NOT COME INTO CONTACT
WITH THE PAINTWORK
.
50
AVOID CONTACT OF BRAKE FLUID WITH EYES, SKIN, AND CLOTHING. IN
CASE OF CONTACT, RINSE WITH WATER. THE BRAKING CIRCUIT FLUID IS
HYGROSCOPIC, THAT IS, IT ABSORBS HUMIDITY FROM THE SURROUNDING
AIR. IF THE HUMIDITY IN THE BRAKING FLUID EXCEEDS A CERTAIN VALUE,
IT WILL LEAD TO INEFFICIENT BRAKING. NEVER USE BRAKING FLUID KEPT
IN CONTAINERS THAT HAVE ALREADY BEEN OPENED, OR PARTIALLY USED.
Recommended products
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
Battery (03_17, 03_18, 03_19)
To reach the battery D, proceed as follows:
1. rest the scooter on its centre stand;
2. unscrew the 4 screws «A», remove the footrest «B».
3. remove the two battery fixing screws «C».
The battery is the electrical device that requires the most frequent inspections and
diligent maintenance. The main points of maintenance to be observed are as follows:
03_17
CAUTION
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, NEVER DISCONNECT THE WIRING WHILE THE ENGINE IS RUNNING. DO NOT TIP THE SCOOT-
51
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
ER TOO MUCH IN ORDER TO AVOID DANGEROUS LEAKAGE OF BATTERY
ELECTROLYTE
.
CAUTION
03_18
ELECTROLYTE CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID: AVOID CONTACT WITH EYES,
SKIN AND CLOTHES. IN THE CASE OF ACCIDENTAL CONTACT, RINSE WITH
ABUNDANT OF WATER AND CONSULT A DOCTOR.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Electric characteristic
03_19
Battery
12V - 12 Ah
Use of a new battery
3 Maintenance
Ensure that the terminals are connected correctly and check voltage.
CAUTION
DO NOT REVERSE THE POLARITY: RISK OF SHORT CIRCUIT AND DAMAGE
TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
52
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Long periods of inactivity
Battery performance will decrease if the vehicle is not used for a long time. This is the
result of the natural phenomenon of battery discharging plus residual absorption by
vehicle components with constant power consumption. Poor battery performance may
also be due to environmental conditions and the cleanness of the poles. In order to
avoid difficult starts and/or irreversible damage to the battery, follow any of these
steps:
- At least once a month start the engine and run it slightly above idle speed for 10-15
minutes. This keeps all the engine components, as well as the battery, in good working
order.
- Take your vehicle to a garage (as indicated in the "Vehicle not used for extended
periods" section) to have the battery removed. Have the battery cleaned, charged fully
and stored in a dry, ventilated place. Recharge at least once every two months.
N.B.
THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED WITH A CURRENT EQUAL TO 1/10 OF THE
RATED CAPACITY OF THE BATTERY AND FOR NOT LONGER THAN 10 HOURS.
CONTACT AN AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE TO CARRY OUT THIS OPERATION SAFELY. WHEN REFITTING THE BATTERY MAKE SURE THE LEADS ARE
CORRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE TERMINALS.
53
3 Maintenance
WARNING
WARNING
DO NOT DISCONNECT THE BATTERY CABLES WITH THE ENGINE RUNNING,
THIS CAN CAUSE PERMANENT DAMAGE TO THE VEHICLE ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT.
WARNING
SPENT BATTERIES ARE HARMFUL FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. COLLECTION
AND DISPOSAL SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT IN COMPLIANCE WITH CURRENT
REGULATIONS.
Fuses (03_20, 03_21, 03_22, 03_23, 03_24, 03_25)
The electrical system is equipped with:
1. six protection fuses «A» located in the glove compartment to the left
2. two fuses «B» located under the helmet compartment under the saddle hinge latch.
3. two fuses «C» located under the helmet compartment on the side fairing.
The chart shows the position and characteristics of the fuses in the vehicle.
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
BEFORE REPLACING A BLOWN FUSE, FIND AND SOLVE THE FAILURE THAT
CAUSED IT TO BLOW. NEVER TRY TO REPLACE THE FUSE WITH ANY OTHER
MATERIAL (E.G., A PIECE OF ELECTRIC WIRE).
54
MODIFICATIONS OR REPAIRS TO THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, PERFORMED
INCORRECTLY OR WITHOUT STRICT ATTENTION TO THE TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE SYSTEM, CAN CAUSE ERRORS IN FUNCTIONING AND
RISK OF FIRE.
FUSES
General
Position on fuse box: 1
Fuse: 30A
Protected circuits: General
Ignition ECU
Fuse box arrangement: 2
Fuse capacity: 7,5 A
Protected circuits: Ignition ECU
Injection loads relay
Fuse box arrangement: 3
Fuse capacity: 10 A
Protected circuits: Injection loads
relay
Injection ECU
Fuse box arrangement: 4
Fuse capacity: 7,5 A
Protected circuits: Injection ECU
55
3 Maintenance
CAUTION
Dashboard lighting, intercom and
anti-theft device pre-wiring
Fuse box arrangement: 5
Fuse capacity: 10 A
Protected circuits: Dashboard
lighting, intercom and anti-theft
device pre-wiring
High and low-beam lights, horn
Fuse box arrangement: 6
Fuse capacity: 7,5 A
Protected circuits: High and lowbeam lights, horn
High and low-beam lights, electric Fuse box arrangement: 7
seat opening
Fuse capacity: 15 A
Protected circuits: High and lowbeam lights, electric seat opening
Dashboard Fuel supply, intercom
and anti-theft device pre-wiring
Fuse box arrangement: 8
Fuse capacity: 10 A
Protected circuits: Dashboard
Fuel supply, intercom and antitheft device pre-wiring
Starter motor, stop light
Fuse box arrangement: 9
3 Maintenance
Fuse capacity: 7,5 A
Protected circuits: Starter motor,
stop light
Front and rear side lights,
dashboard lighting
Fuse box arrangement: 10
Fuse capacity: 7,5 A
56
3 Maintenance
Protected circuits: Front and rear
side lights, dashboard lighting
03_20
03_21
57
03_22
3 Maintenance
03_23
03_24
58
3 Maintenance
03_25
Front light group (03_26, 03_27, 03_28, 03_29, 03_30)
To remove the headlight assembly, proceed as follows:
1: remove the riding mirrors.
2: remove screw «A» from the front grille.
3: remove the front handlebar cover fixing screw, «B».
4: remove the rear handlebar cover fixing screw, «C».
03_26
5: Detach the front handlebar cover.
This provides access to the light bulbs. Turn the ring nut and extract the high/lowbeam light bulb, «D». To replace the side light bulb, extract the rubber socket from
within its housing. Upon refitting, repeat these operations backwards.
WARNING
THE TWIN-FILAMENT (HIGH-BEAM AND LOW-BEAM) BULB IS HALOGEN: DO
NOT TOUCH THE BULB WITH YOUR FINGERS TO AVOID COMPROMISING ITS
FUNCTIONING
03_27
59
N.B.
IF MISTING IS NOTICED ON THE INSIDE OF THE HEADLAMP GLASS, THIS
DOES NOT INDICATE A FAULT AND IS RELATED TO THE HUMIDITY AND/OR
TO LOW TEMPERATURES.
THE PHENOMENON SHOULD QUICKLY DISAPPEAR WHEN THE LIGHT IS
SWITCHED ON.
THE PRESENCE OF DROPS OF WATER, ON THE OTHER HAND, COULD INDICATE THAT WATER IS INFILTRATING. CONTACT THE PIAGGIO AFTER-SALES
SERVICE NETWORK.
03_28
Electric characteristic
Bulbs
1 bulb, 12V/55-60W, for high- and low-beam lights
2 bulbs, 12V/5W, for taillights
03_29
To remove the tail light on the shield, proceed as follows:
1: Remove the screw «A» of the front shield grille.
3 Maintenance
2: Rotate the front shield grille.
To replace the tail light, pull out the rubber lamp holder from its fitting. To reassemble,
repeat the operation in the reverse order.
03_30
60
Proceed as follows:
1. Place the vehicle in running order and with the tyres inflated to the prescribed pressure, on a flat surface 10 m away from a white screen situated in a shaded area,
making sure that the longitudinal axis of the scooter is perpendicular to the screen;
2. Turn on the headlight and check that the borderline of the projected light beam on
the screen is not lower than 9/10 of the distance from the ground to the centre of
vehicle headlamp and higher than 7/10;
03_31
3. If otherwise, adjust the right headlight with screw «A».
N.B.
THE ABOVE PROCEDURE COMPLIES WITH THE EUROPEAN STANDARDS REGARDING MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM HEIGHT OF LIGHT BEAMS. REFER TO THE
STATUTORY REGULATIONS IN FORCE IN EVERY COUNTRY WHERE THE vehicle IS USED.
03_32
Front direction indicators (03_33)
To replace the front turn indicator bulbs, remove the tail light taking out the retaining
screw "A", remove the bulb holder from its fitting; gently turn the bulb around 30º and
remove it. Follow the process in reverse order to refit.
03_33
61
3 Maintenance
Headlight adjustment (03_31, 03_32)
Rear optical unit (03_34)
Remove screw «A» to remove the rear headlight assembly.
Access to taillight bulbs, stop light bulb and license plate bulb.
To reassemble, repeat the operation in the reverse order.
N.B.
03_34
IF MISTING IS NOTICED ON THE INSIDE OF THE HEADLAMP GLASS, THIS
DOES NOT INDICATE A FAULT AND IS RELATED TO THE HUMIDITY AND/OR
TO LOW TEMPERATURES.
THE PHENOMENON SHOULD QUICKLY DISAPPEAR WHEN THE LIGHT IS
SWITCHED ON.
THE PRESENCE OF DROPS OF WATER, ON THE OTHER HAND, COULD INDICATE THAT WATER IS INFILTRATING. CONTACT THE PIAGGIO AFTER-SALES
SERVICE NETWORK.
Rear turn indicators (03_35)
To gain access to the turn indicator bulbs, remove the fastening screws «E».
3 Maintenance
The bulbs have a bayonet coupling, to remove them press gently and twist anticlockwise about 30°. To refit follow the same steps but in reverse order.
03_35
62
Adjust the mirrors by applying slight pressure to the side of the mirror to move it to the
desired position.
Front and rear disc brake (03_36, 03_37)
The brake disc and pad wear is automatically compensated, therefore it has no effect
on the functioning of the front and rear brakes. For this reason it is not necessary to
adjust the brakes. An excessively elastic brake lever stroke may indicate the presence
of air in the braking circuit or a failure in the braking system. In this case, mainly due
to the importance of brakes to guarantee safe riding conditions, the vehicle should be
taken to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer.
CAUTION
03_36
THE BRAKING ACTION SHOULD BEGIN AFTER ABOUT 1/3 OF THE BRAKE
LEVER STROKE.
CAUTION
HAVE THE BRAKE PADS CHECKED BY THE DEALER ACCORDING TO THE
CHECKS SPECIFIED IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE. HOWEVER,
IN THE EVENT OF NOISES COMING FROM THE FRONT AND/OR REAR BRAKE
SYSTEM DURING OPERATION, IT IS ADVISABLE TO HAVE THE BRAKE SYSTEM CHECKED BY A PIAGGIO DEALER OR AUTHORISED SERVICE CENTRE.
AFTER REPLACING THE BRAKE PADS, DO NOT USE THE SCOOTER BEFORE
HAVING USED THE BRAKE LEVER SEVERAL TIMES IN ORDER TO ALLOW THE
PISTONS TO SETTLE AND THE LEVER STROKE TO BE SET TO THE CORRECT
POSITION.
03_37
63
3 Maintenance
Rear-view mirrors
CAUTION
THE PRESENCE OF SAND, MUD, SNOW MIXED WITH SALT, ETC. ON THE
ROAD, CAN DRASTICALLY REDUCE THE DURATION OF THE BRAKE PADS. IN
ORDER TO AVOID THIS, WE RECOMMEND WASHING THE VEHICLE FREQUENTLY WHEN RIDING IN THESE ROAD CONDITIONS.
Puncture (03_38)
The vehicle is equipped with Tubeless tyres (without inner tube). In the event of a
puncture, contrary to the situation with a tyre with inner tube, the tyre deflates more
slowly, resulting in a greater steering safety. In the event of a puncture, it is admissible
to make an emergency repair using an "inflate and repair" spray can. For a final repair,
take your vehicle to an Authorised Service Centre or Dealer. The replacement of a
tyre involves removing the wheel in question. Take your vehicle to an Authorised
Service Centre or Dealer for these operations.
CAUTION
03_38
TO USE THE "INFLATE AND REPAIR" SPRAY PROPERLY FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE PACKAGING.
3 Maintenance
WARNING
THE WHEELS FITTED WITH TYRES SHOULD ALWAYS BE BALANCED. RIDING
THE VEHICLE WITH VERY LOW TYRE PRESSURE OR WITH INCORRECTLY
BALANCED TYRES CAN LEAD TO DANGEROUS STEERING VIBRATIONS.
64
We recommend carrying out the following operations:
1. Clean the scooter thoroughly and then cover it with a canvas;
2. With the engine off and the piston in the bottom dead centre position, remove the
spark plug, and pour into its hole 1 t0 2 cc of the recommended oil. Operate the starter
button 1-2 times for roughly 1 second to turn the engine over slowly, then insert the
spark plug again;
03_39
3. Ensure that the fuel tank is at least half full (in order to ensure the total immersion of the fuel pump); spread antirust grease on the unpainted metal parts;
keep the wheels lifted above the ground by resting the chassis on two wooden wedges;
4. As regards the battery, follow the instructions in the "Battery" section.
Recommended products
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
Cleaning the vehicle (03_40)
Use a low pressure water jet in order to soften the dirt and mud deposited on painted
surfaces. Once softened, mud and dirt must be removed with a soft sponge for bodywork soaked with water and shampoo (2-4% of shampoo in water). Then rinse
abundantly with water, and dry with a shammy cloth. Any polishing with silicon wax
must always be preceded by washing
03_40
65
3 Maintenance
Periods of inactivity (03_39)
WARNING
IF THE SCOOTER IS USED ON DUSTY ROADS IT IS NECESSARY TO SERVICE
THE TRANSMISSION COVER FILTER SPONGE MORE FREQUENTLY.
CAUTION
DETERGENTS CAN POLLUTE WATER. THE VEHICLE MUST BE WASHED AT A
WASH STATION EQUIPPED WITH A SPECIAL WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM.
WARNING
THE USE OF A HIGH-PRESSURE WATER JET IS STRONGLY DISCOURAGED
FOR ANY ENGINE CLEANING OPERATION; HOWEVER, IF NO OTHER MEANS
ARE AVAILABLE, IT IS THEN NECESSARY TO:
• ONLY USE FAN SPRAY JETS.
• DO NOT PLACE THE WATER JET NOZZLE CLOSER THAN 60 CM.
• DO NOT USE WATER AT TEMPERATURES OVER 40°C.
• DO NOT USE HIGH-PRESSURE WATER JETS.
• DO NOT STEAM WASH.
3 Maintenance
• DO NOT DIRECT THE JET STRAIGHT TO THE WIRING AND SLOT DIFFUSER
ON THE TRANSMISSION COVER.
WARNING
NEVER WASH THE SCOOTER IN DIRECT SUNLIGHT, ESPECIALLY DURING
SUMMER WHEN THE BODYWORK IS STILL HOT, AS THE SHAMPOO CAN DAMAGE THE PAINTWORK IF IT DRIES BEFORE BEING RINSED OFF. NEVER USE
66
STARTING FAILURE
Emergency switch in «OFF»
Set the switch back to «ON»
Fuse blown
Replace the blown fuse and have
the vehicle checked by an
Authorised Service Centre.
IGNITION PROBLEM
Faulty spark plug
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Faulty ignition / injection control
unit.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Faulty coil. Due to the presence of Contact an Authorised Service
high voltage, this check should
Centre.
only be carried out by an expert.
67
3 Maintenance
CLOTHS SOAKED IN PETROL, DIESEL OIL OR KEROSENE FOR CLEANING
THE PAINTED OR PLASTIC SURFACES SO AS NOT TO DAMAGE THE LUSTRE
FINISH OR ALTER THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES.
LACK OF COMPRESSION
Loose spark plug.
Screw in the spark plug tightly
Cylinder head loose, piston gas
rings worn.
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
Valve stuck
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
HIGH CONSUMPTION AND LOW PERFORMANCE
Air filter blocked or dirty.
Clean with water and shampoo and
impregnate with petrol and specific
oil (section «Removing the air
filter»)
INSUFFICIENT BRAKING
3 Maintenance
Greasy disc. Worn pads. Faulty
Contact an Authorised Service
braking system. Presence of air in Centre.
the front and rear brake circuit.
68
3 Maintenance
INEFFICIENT SUSPENSIONS
Shock absorber fault, oil leak, end Contact an Authorised Service
buffer damaged; shock absorber
Centre.
preloading incorrectly set
IRREGULAR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Variator rollers and/or driving belt
damaged
Contact an Authorised Service
Centre.
69
70
3 Maintenance
Vespa GTS
250
Chap. 04
Technical data
71
TECHNICAL DATA
Engine
Single-cylinder, four-stroke
Bore x stroke
72 x 60 mm
Cubic capacity
244.29 cm³
Compression ratio
10.5 - 11.5 : 1
Ignition advance (before TDC)
variable (integrated into the ignition
system)
Spark plug
CHAMPION RG 4 PHP
Max. speed
120 km/h
Valve clearance
intake: 0.10 mm
4 Technical data
discharge: 0.15 mm
Overall width
755 mm
Overall length
1930 mm
Wheelbase
1370 mm
Overall height
1170 mm
Fuel supply
throttle valve dia. 32 mm and single
injector
Exhaust muffler
absorption-type exhaust muffler
with catalytic converter.
Electronic ignition
inductive, high efficiency
integrated with the injection
system, with variable timing and
separate HV coil.
72
Engine lubrication with lobe pump
(inside crankcase) controlled by a
chain with double filter: mesh and
paper.
Cooling
Forced fluid circulation, with
engine driven pump; 3-way
thermostat to pump intake.
Transmission
Automatic expandable pulley
variator with torque server, V belt,
automatic centrifugal dry clutch,
gear reduction unit and
transmission compartment with
forced air circulation cooling.
Front brake
Ø 220 disc brake with hydraulic
control activated by handlebar right
lever.
Rear brake
disc brake, diameter 220 mm, with
hydraulic servo operated from the
handlebar with the left-hand lever.
Front wheel
Alloy rims: 12" x 3.00"
Rear wheel
Alloy rims: 12" x 3.00"
Front tyre
120/70-12", without inner tube
Rear tyre
Without air chamber:130/70-12"
Front suspension
Single arm suspension (cantilever
wheel) fitted with a dual-chamber
hydraulic shock absorber with
coaxial spring.
Rear suspension
single arm with two double-acting
hydraulic shock absorbers and
preloading adjustment in 4
positions.
4 Technical data
Lubrication
73
Stamped plate supporting body.
Kerb weight
151 ± 5 kg
Maximum admitted weight
~ 340 kg
Petrol tank
~ 9.2 l (approximate value)
Reserve
2÷2.5 l (approximate value)
Engine oil
Capacity: 1.3 l (dry) ; 1.2 l (when
changing oil and filter)
Rear hub oil
Capacity approximately 250 cc
Cooling system
Capacity: ~ 2.100 ÷ 2.150 l
4 Technical data
Chassis
74
4 Technical data
04_01
75
Kit equipment
4 Technical data
One box-spanner for spark plugs; one twin screwdriver; one special spanner for adjusting the rear shock absorber. The tools are arranged in the front case.
76
Vespa GTS
250
Chap. 05
Spare parts and
accessories
77
Warnings (05_01)
WARNING
TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS AND TO GUARANTEE PROPER STABILITY, PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY, RIDE THE VEHICLE VERY CAREFULLY WHEN IT IS
FITTED WITH ACCESSORIES OR WITH UNUSUAL LOADS.
05_01
WARNING
IT IS ALSO RECOMMENDED THAT "ORIGINAL PIAGGIO SPARE PARTS" BE
USED, AS THESE ARE THE ONLY ONES OFFERING YOU THE SAME QUALITY
GUARANTEE AS THOSE INITIALLY FITTED ON THE SCOOTER. THE USE OF
NON-ORIGINAL SPARE PARTS RENDERS THE WARRANTY VOID.
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
PIAGGIO MARKETS ITS OWN LINE OF ACCESSORIES THAT ARE RECOGNISED AND GUARANTEED FOR USE. IT IS THEREFORE ESSENTIAL, IN ORDER
TO CHOOSE AND MOUNT THE ACCESSORIES CORRECTLY, TO CONTACT AN
AUTHORISED DEALER OR SERVICE CENTRE. THE USE OF NON-ORIGINAL
ACCESSORIES MAY AFFECT THE STABILITY AND OPERATION OF YOUR VEHICLE AND REDUCE SAFETY LEVELS WITH POTENTIAL RISKS FOR THE
RIDER.
78
NEVER RIDE THE SCOOTER EQUIPPED WITH ACCESSORIES (TOP BOX AND/
OR WINDSHIELD) AT A SPEED HIGHER THAN 100 km/h.
THE SCOOTER CAN BE RIDDEN AT A HIGHER SPEED WITHOUT THE ACCESSORIES MENTIONED BEFORE WITHIN THE LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY LAW.
IF THERE SHOULD BE NON-PIAGGIO ACCESSORIES INSTALLED, OR AN ABNORMAL LOAD, OR IF THE SCOOTER IS NOT IN A GENERALLY GOOD CONDITION, OR WHENEVER WEATHER CONDITIONS DEMAND IT, SPEED SHOULD
BE REDUCED FURTHER.
WARNING
BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WHEN INSTALLING AND REMOVING THE MECHANICAL ANTI-THEFT DEVICE ON THE VEHICLE ( U-SHAPED PADLOCK, DISK
BLOCK, ETC.).
MAINLY NEAR THE BRAKE PIPES, TRANSMISSIONS AND/OR ELECTRIC CABLES, AN INCORRECT INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF THE ANTI-THEFT
DEVICE AS WELL AS LEAVING IT ON BEFORE STARTING THE VEHICLE CAN
SERIOUSLY DAMAGE ITS COMPONENTS, COMPROMISE THE CORRECT
FUNCTIONING OF THE VEHICLE AND USERS' SAFETY.
79
5 Spare parts and accessories
WARNING
80
5 Spare parts and accessories
Vespa GTS
250
Chap. 06
Programmed
maintenance
81
Scheduled maintenance table (06_01)
Adequate maintenance is fundamental to ensuring long-lasting, optimum operation
and performance of your vehicle.
To this end, a series of checks and maintenance operations (at the owner's expense)
have been suggested, which are included in the summary table on the following page.
Any minor faults should be reported without delay to an Authorised Service Centre
or Dealer without waiting until the next scheduled service to solve it.
06_01
All scheduled maintenance services must be carried out at the specified intervals,
even if the stated mileage has not yet been reached. Punctual scooter servicing is
essential to ensure your warranty remains valid. For any further information concerning Warranty procedures and "Scheduled Maintenance", please refer to the "Warranty
Booklet".
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLE
km x 1,000
1
Safety locks
I
6 Programmed maintenance
Spark plug
5
10
20
I
R
R
30
35
40
45
R
R
R
50
55
60
I
I
R
R
R
R
A
A
A
A
A
A
Air filter
C
C
C
C
C
C
Belt compartment air filter
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
R
R
R
R
Oil filter
A
25
I
R
Driving belt
Throttle control
15
R
Valve clearance
A
A
A
Electrical system and battery
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Brake fluid *
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
82
1
Coolant *
I
Engine oil
R
Hub oil
R
Brake pads
I
5
10
15
20
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
Sliding blocks / variable speed rollers
I
25
35
I
R
I
R
I
30
R
I
I
45
50
I
I
I
I
40
R
I
I
R
I
I
55
R
I
I
I
I
I
60
R
R
I
I
R
R
R
R
R
R
Tyre pressure and wear
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Vehicle road test
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
A
A
A
A
A
A
Suspensions
Steering
A
I: CHECK AND CLEAN, ADJUST, LUBRICATE OR REPLACE IF NECESSARY.
C: CLEAN, R: REPLACE, A: ADJUST, L: LUBRICATE
* Replace every 2 years
RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS TABLE
Product
Description
Specifications
AGIP ROTRA 80W-90
Rear hub oil
SAE 80W/90 Oil that exceeds the
requirements of API GL3 specifications
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Oil to lubricate flexible transmissions (throttle
control)
Oil for 4-stroke engines
AGIP FILTER OIL
Oil for air filter sponge
Mineral oil with specific additives for increased
adhesiveness
83
6 Programmed maintenance
km x 1,000
Product
Description
Specifications
Grease for brake levers, throttle
White calcium complex soap-based spray
grease with NLGI 2; ISO-L-XBCIB2
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
Engine oil
SAE 5W-40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA
Synthetic oil
AGIP BRAKE 4
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT 4 Synthetic fluid
AGIP PERMANENT SPEZIAL
coolant
Monoethylene glycol-based antifreeze fluid,
CUNA NC 956-16
6 Programmed maintenance
AGIP GP 330
84
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A
F
L
Air filter: 47
Fuel: 20
Fuses: 54
Light switch: 13
B
Battery: 51, 52
Brake: 50, 63
M
H
Maintenance: 39, 81, 82
Headlight: 61
Horn: 13
Hub oil: 43
Mirrors: 63
C
S
Clock: 10
Saddle: 21
Scheduled maintenance: 82
Shock absorbers: 30
Spark plug: 46
Stand: 34
Start-up: 14
I
D
Disc brake: 63
Display: 10
Identification: 21
Immobilizer: 14, 18
Instrument panel: 8
K
E
Engine oil: 40, 41
Engine stop: 14
T
Key switch: 11
Keys: 15
Tank: 20
Technical Data: 71
Top box: 22
Transmission: 34
85
Turn indicators: 62
Tyre pressure: 29
Tyres: 45
The descriptions and illustrations given in this publication are not binding. While the basic specifications as described and illustrated in this manual
remain unchanged, PIAGGIO-GILERA reserves the right, at any time and without being required to update this publication beforehand, to make any
changes to components, parts or accessories, which it considers necessary to improve the product or which are required for manufacturing or construction reasons.
Not all versions/models shown in this publication are available in all countries. The availability of single versions should be checked at the official Piaggio sales network.
"© Copyright 2007 - PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. Pontedera. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this publication in whole or in part is prohibited."
PIAGGIO & C. S.p.A. - After-Sales
V.le Rinaldo Piaggio, 23 - 56025 PONTEDERA (Pi)