Siemens 4000i Service manual

OPERATING AND SERVICE MANUAL
THERMO ELECTRON
AC-4000 CONTROLLER
REC 3829 REV M 10/05
PART NO. 045716
REVISION HISTORY
REVISION A
REVISION B
REVISION C
REVISION D
REVISION E
REVISION F
REVISION G
REVISION H
REVISION J
REVISION K
REVISION L
REVISION M
OCTOBER 1993
JANUARY 1994
APRIL 1994
FEBRUARY 1995
AUGUST 1995
NOVEMBER 1995
SEPTEMBER 1997
DECEMBER 1997
MAY 1998
FEBRUARY 2000
SEPTEMBER 2000
OCTOBER 2005
COPYRIGHT 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997. 1998, 2000 BY THERMO ELECTRON, INC
THIS DOCUMENT IS CONFIDENTIAL AND IS THE PROPERTY OF THERMO. IT MAY NOT BE
COPIED OR REPRODUCED IN ANY WAY WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN CONSENT OF
THERMO. THIS DOCUMENT ALSO IS AN UNPUBLISHED WORK OF THERMO. THERMO
INTENDS TO AND IS MAINTAINING THE WORK AS CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. THERMO
ALSO MAY SEEK TO PROTECT THIS WORK AS AN UNPUBLISHED COPYRIGHT. IN THE
EVENT OF EITHER INADVERTENT OR DELIBERATE PUBLICATION, THERMO INTENDS TO
ENFORCE ITS RIGHTS TO THIS WORK UNDER THE COPYRIGHT LAWS AS A PUBLISHED
WORK. THOSE HAVING ACCESS TO THIS WORK MAY NOT COPY, USE OR DISCLOSE THE
INFORMATION IN THIS WORK UNLESS EXPRESSLY AUTHORIZED BY THERMO.
PLEASE READ AND OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS FOUND THROUGHOUT THIS MANUAL.
DANGER
FAILURE TO OBSERVE WILL CAUSE VERY SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
WARNING
FAILURE TO OBSERVE COULD CAUSE SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY.
CAUTION
FAILURE TO OBSERVE MAY CAUSE MINOR OR MODERATE PERSONAL INJURY
OR DAMAGE TO THE EQUIPMENT.
REC 3829
II
THERMO RAMSEY ICORE PRODUCTS
AC-4000 CONTROLLER
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER
1.0
TITLE
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1
1.2
1.3
2.0
PAGE
GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.2
System Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.3
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.4
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.1
15 Programmable Product Set-Ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.2
Statistics (STATS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.3
Multiple Diverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.4
Diverter Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.5
Communications (COM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.1
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.2
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.2.1
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2.3
STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2.4
UNCRATING & INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2.5
EQUIPMENT LOCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.6
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2.6.1
Initial Power On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
3.0
SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
4.0
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
REC 3829
4.1
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.2
SERVICE & REPAIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
III
TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
CHAPTER
TITLE
4.3
4.4
5.0
COMPONENT REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES (ELECTRICAL) . . . 4-1
4.3.1
Display Board Assembly Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.3.2
Display Module Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
4.3.3
Communication Board Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
4.3.4
CPU Board Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
4.3.5
Analog Board Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
4.3.6
Distribution Board Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
4.3.7
Front Panel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
4.3.8
Motor Speed Control Module Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
4.3.9
Cold Start Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
REPLACEMENT PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.1
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.2
ORDER INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.3
PARTS LIST INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5.3.1
6.0
Return Material Authorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
AC-4000 OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.1
6.2
GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.1.1
Swing Gate Reject System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.1.2
Air Bopper Reject System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.1.3
Air Jet Reject System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.1.4
Air Pusher Reject System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.1.5
Carrier Reject System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
VARIABLE SPEED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
6.2.1
6.3
REC 3829
PAGE
Installation
COMMUNICATIONS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
6.3.1
Communication Board Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
6.3.2
External Communication Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
6.3.3
External Cabling Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
6.3.4
Formatted Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
IV
TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
CHAPTER
TITLE
6.3.5
6.4
REC 3829
Installation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
DIVERTER VERIFICATION OPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
6.7.1
6.8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
MULTIPLE DIVERTER OPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
6.6.1
6.7
Installation
MULTIPLE PRODUCT OPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
6.5.1
6.6
Free Run Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
STATISTICS OPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
6.4.1
6.5
PAGE
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
MOTOR INHIBIT OPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
V
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FIGURE NO.
TITLE
PAGE
1-1
1-2
AC-4000 Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-0
System Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
2-1
2-2
2-3
Input Power Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Analog Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Distribution Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
Display Board Assembly/Module Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication, CPU and Analog Board Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distribution Board Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distribution Board with Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
6-2
6-3
Communication Board Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
EIA-232 Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
EIA-485 Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
4-3
4-5
4-7
4-7
4-9
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE NO.
TITLE
PAGE
1-1
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
4-1
4-2
Troubleshooting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Power Troubleshooting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
5-1
AC-4000 Electronics (Remote or Local) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-7
6-8
Swing Gate Reject System - Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Bopper Reject System - Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Jet Reject System - Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Pusher Reject System - Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Variable Speed Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication Board Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communications Option Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Cabling Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REC 3829
VI
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-7
6-8
6-10
6-11
6-14
APPENDIX
LIST OF DRAWINGS
TITLE
A/1
A/3
A/5
A/6
A/7
DRAWING NO.
Field Wiring Diagram
Full Menu Tree
Comm I/Comm II Cable Assembly
Comm I/O Cable EIA-232
Comm I/O Cable EIA-485
Engineer Selected
D07226K-V002
C07226K-E089
C07190K-E086
D07190K-E087
SUPPLEMENTAL MANUALS
TITLE
DOCUMENT NO.
Minarik Adjustable Speed Control, Model MM 2300
REC 3829
VII
MC-3
PREFACE
This manual contains information necessary to install, operate, and service the Thermo AC4000 Electronics (see Figure 1-1).
All persons concerned with the operation and servicing of the electronics should read the
contents of this manual carefully and thoroughly. Keep this manual in a convenient place and
refer to it often, as it is an important tool in performing proper service.
Information in this manual is presented as follows:
Chapter 1.0, INTRODUCTION, presents a brief description of the electronics' capabilities,
operation, features, options specifications and warranty.
Chapter 2.0, INSTALLATION, outlines site preparation operating requirements, and installation
instructions.
Chapter 3.0, OPERATION, explains the operating controls and procedures.
Chapter 4.0, MAINTENANCE, includes troubleshooting, electronic checkout, and maintenance
procedures.
Chapter 5.0, REPLACEMENT PARTS, provides ordering information and replaceable parts list.
Chapter 6.0, OPTIONS, contains information about optional equipment.
The APPENDIX contains assembly, installation, and wiring drawings.
IMPORTANT
Do not turn the equipment on or attempt to operate the electronics until you have read and
understood Chapters 2.0 and 3.0. Improper operation of the electronics may result in damage
to the machine.
REC 3829
VIII
AC-4000 ELECTRONICS
FIGURE 1-1
REC 3829
1-0
CHAPTER 1.0
INTRODUCTION
1.1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AC-4000 Electronics System is a high accuracy machine. When combined with a
weighing frame, it performs weight inspection of individual product packages in a
production process or package line. The AC-4000 and a weighing frame perform these
functions without interrupting product flow.
1.1.1
Applications
Typical applications for the AC-4000 Electronics System are the in-motion
weighing of:
Frozen food, bakery, confectionery, meat, and any canned or packaged goods.
Detergents, chemicals, pharmaceutical, and any bottled liquid products.
Manufactured products such as rubber, plastic, metal parts, multi-component parts
packages, and count-by-weight packages.
1.1.2
System Description
The AC-4000 Electronics System consists of:
A microprocessor-based electronic system with filtering and amplification circuitry
to interpret the signal from a loadcell. The electronics enclosure houses the CPU,
A/D and display boards.
A front panel keypad and vacuum fluorescent display. The digital keypad is used
to enter set-up parameters. The display presents weight and other statistical data
to the operator.
Output signals for a reject device or alarm.
1.1.3
Operation
Upon installation, certain data must be entered into the AC-4000 electronics. The
AC-4000's front panel is designed to simplify set-up and operation of a machine.
All data is entered digitally, using the soft keyboard buttons on the front panel.
The operator is assisted in set-up by the fluorescent displays that show what data
to enter.
REC 3829
1-1
SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM
FIGURE 1-2
REC 3829
1-2
During operation, the package is transported by a conveying medium (such as
chains or belts) across a weightable. The loadcell supporting a weightable
produces an electronic signal proportional to the package weight. As the package
interrupts a beam from a photocell sensor (interlock), the gross weight of the
package is computed by the AC-4000 electronics. This weight is then compared
to the setpoint zone settings to determine the appropriate zone. A reject device
may then be activated for off-weight packages.
The AC-4000 will display the weight class (zone) of the last package weighed, as
well as the actual weight of the package in grams, kilograms, ounces or pounds.
Using the front panel keyboard, the AC-4000 also will display the total number of
packages in each weigh zone and the average weight of the packages in each
zone.
1.1.4
Features
The AC-4000 Electronics System has the following standard features:
1.
Auto Zero and Manual Zero
The electronics automatically compensate for minor buildup on the weightable
by rezeroing the weightable between packages. Manual zero allows the
rezeroing of the weightable at the operator's discretion.
2.
Automatic Self-Diagnostics
This feature continually monitors system operation and assures that
everything is operating properly. A fault relay for connection to an external
alarm is provided.
3.
Digital Filter Setup
During set-up, filter parameters are selected for individual products using the
front panel keyboard. This exclusive feature improves the weighing accuracy
by providing the best filter setting for each product.
4.
Password Protection
This feature provides protection against an unauthorized change in set-up
parameters and access to certain data.
5.
Permanent Data Storage
An EEPROM retains set-up information and stores accumulated data.
6.
32-Bit Microprocessor
This large memory capacity increases the flexibility of the AC-4000 and allows
it to handle a broader range of applications.
7.
Corrosion Resistant Finish
All exposed metal parts on the AC-4000 Electronics System are either
stainless steel or painted mild steel.
REC 3829
1-3
1.2
OPTIONS
Electronics can be remote or local, and numerous options are available to transform the
AC-4000 from a low-cost, basic electronics into a sophisticated tool for monitoring
productivity and packaging line performance. These options include the following:
1.2.1
15 Programmable Product Set-Ups
The set-up parameters for 15 products can be preset into the electronics. The
AC-4000 can then be switched from one product to another in a matter of
seconds.
1.2.2
Statistics (STATS)
The Statistics option provides statistical information on package weights.
1.2.3
Multiple Diverter
The Multiple Diverter option provides for three diverter outputs. The package can
be diverted into under-weight, on-weight and over-weight categories if desired.
Also can be used for No Gaps (package spacing is too close) or as an alarm
actuator to signal remote locations of alarm status.
1.2.4
Diverter Verification
The Diverter Verification option provides verification that packages are properly
diverted. It generates an alarm if a package which should have been diverted is
seen, or if one which should not have been diverted is not seen.
1.2.5
Communications (COM)
The Communication option provides for communication of weight or statistical
information from the AC-4000 to a printer, CRT, or host computer. The
information can be in the form of raw weight data or a formatted report, depending
upon the STATS option included with the electronics.
Other optional communications capabilities are also available.
REC 3829
1-4
TABLE 1-1
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - AC-4000 ELECTRONICS
Line Speed
20 to 350 Ft./Min. (6 to 107 m/min.)
Package Rate
To 350 PPM
Accuracy:
Displayed Resolution
Electrical Accuracy
±1, ±0.1, or ±0.01 Units
±32 mg for 6000 gram loadcell
Zeroing
Automatic self zeroing between packages.
REZERO light turns on if an autozero cannot occur
within two minutes.
Weight Zones
3 standard
Outputs
Machine comes equipped with 110 VAC output signals
that may be used to drive rejects or external alarms.
Any zone may be set to trigger any of the output signals.
Machine includes 32 package reject memory.
Environment:
Electrostatic Discharge
Temperature
Humidity
Electrical:
Standard
Neutral to Ground
Maximum Voltage
REC 3829
5000V
14° to 122° F (-10° to +50° C)
0% to 95%
100-130/200-250 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 300 VA excluding
rejecters and alarms
140 Volt AC
1-5
TABLE 1-1
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - (Continued)
REC 3829
1-6
1.3
WARRANTY
THERMO ELECTRON
WARRANTY
The seller agrees, represents, and warrants that the equipment delivered hereunder shall be free
from defects in material and workmanship. Such warranty shall not apply to accessories, parts,
or material purchased by the seller unless they are manufactured pursuant to seller's design, but
shall apply to the workmanship incorporated in the installation of such items in the complete
equipment. To the extent purchased parts or accessories are covered by the manufacturer's
warranty, seller shall extend such warranty to buyer.
Seller's obligation under said warranty is conditioned upon the return of the defective equipment,
transportation charges prepaid, to the seller's factory in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the
submission of reasonable proof to seller prior to return of the equipment that the defect is due to
a matter embraced within seller's warranty hereunder. Any such defect in material and
workmanship shall be presented to seller as soon as such alleged errors or defects are discovered
by purchaser and seller is given opportunity to investigate and correct alleged errors or defects and
in all cases, buyer must have notified seller thereof within one (1) year after delivery, or one (1)
year after installation if the installation was accomplished by the seller.
Said warranty shall not apply if the equipment shall not have been operated and maintained in
accordance with seller's written instructions applicable to such equipment, or if such equipment
shall have been repaired or altered or modified without seller's approval; provided, however, that
the foregoing limitation of warranty insofar as it relates to repairs, alterations, or modifications, shall
not be applicable to routine preventive and corrective maintenance which normally occur in the
operation of the equipment.
"EXCEPT FOR THOSE WARRANTIES SPECIFICALLY CONTAINED HEREIN, SELLER
DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE EQUIPMENT DELIVERED
HEREUNDER, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR USE. THE SOLE LIABILITY OF SELLER ARISING OUT OF THE WARRANTY
CONTAINED HEREIN SHALL BE EXCLUSIVELY LIMITED TO BREACH OF THOSE
WARRANTIES. THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR BREACH OF THE WARRANTIES
SET OUT ABOVE SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF ANY
DEFECTIVE ACCESSORY, PART OR MATERIAL WITH A SIMILAR ITEM FREE FROM DEFECT,
AND THE CORRECTION OF ANY DEFECT IN WORKMANSHIP. IN NO EVENT SHALL SELLER
BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES."
FIELD SERVICE
Purchaser agrees to underwrite the cost of any labor required for replacement; including time,
travel, and living expenses of Thermo Ramsey Field Service Engineer at closest factory base.
THERMO ELECTRON
501 90th Avenue N.W.
Minneapolis, MN 55433
Phone: (763) 783-2500
Fax:
(763) 783-2525
REC 3829
1-7
CHAPTER 2.0
INSTALLATION
2.1
GENERAL
The customer is responsible for initial inspection of the equipment and site preparation. It
is essential that the equipment be placed on the production line in accordance with the
guidelines set forth in this section. The customer must ensure that qualified personnel are
available to make interconnections with other production equipment and perform work at
the installation site. A Thermo Customer Service representative is available to supervise
installation and verify operation as well as train personnel assigned to operate and
maintain the equipment.
2.2
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
IMPORTANT
Do not install, operate, or perform any maintenance procedures until you have read the
safety precautions presented below.
1.
Do not connect power to the machine or turn on the unit until you have read and
understood this entire manual. The precautions and procedures presented in this
manual must be followed carefully in order to prevent equipment damage and
protect the operator from possible injury.
2.
CAUTION! Hands and clothing must be kept away from all moving or rotating
parts.
3.
WARNING! Covers over the electronics, or rotating parts should always remain in
place during operation. They should be removed only for maintenance procedures
with the machine's power OFF. Be sure to replace all covers before resuming
operation.
4.
WARNING! All switches (control, motor, power, etc., as applicable) must be OFF
when checking input AC electrical connections, removing or inserting printed circuit
boards, or attaching voltmeters to the system.
5.
Incoming voltages must be checked with a voltmeter before being connected to the
machine. Pay special attention to the red tag attached to the machine that
stipulates the correct input voltage for your particular unit.
6.
WARNING! Extreme caution must be used in testing in, on, or around the
electronics cabinet, PC boards, or modules. There are voltages in excess of 115V,
230V, or 440V in these areas. Avoid high voltage and static electricity around the
printed circuit board.
7.
CAUTION! Do not leave insulating material over the machine for any length of time
or the machine will overheat. The specified maximum ambient temperature is not to
be exceeded for more than 5 minutes.
8.
Maintenance procedures should be performed only by qualified personnel and in
accordance with procedures/instructions given in this manual.
9.
During maintenance, a safety tag (not supplied by Thermo) should be displayed in
the ON/OFF switch areas as a precaution instructing others not to operate the unit
(ANSI:B157.1).
10.
Only qualified electricians should be allowed to open and work in the electronics
cabinets, power supply cabinets, control cabinets, or switch boxes.
REC 3829
2-1
11.
Objects of any kind should never be placed or stored on the machine.
12.
This equipment should not be operated at more than the specified production rate
nor utilized in applications other than those stated in the original order. (To adapt
production rates or applications, consult Thermo Products Customer Service for
recommendations.)
13.
All panels and doors covering the electronics must be in place and tight before
conducting wash down. Damage to the electronics could result from water,
moisture, or contamination in the electronics housing.
14.
Harsh chemicals, caustics, disinfectants, etc., should never be added to wash down
solutions.
15.
Indeed and outfield conveyors and transfer assemblies should be mounted and/or
positioned so clearance is maintained between moving parts. Check to ensure
weighing or infeed/outfield conveyor(s) are clear of debris before turning the drive
motor ON.
2.2.1
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
The Occupational Safety and Health Act clearly places the burden of compliance
on the user of the equipment and the act is generalized to the extent that
determination of compliance is a judgement decision on the part of the local
inspection. Hence Thermo Ramsey will not be responsible for meeting the full
requirements of OSHA in respect to the equipment supplied or for any penalty
assessed for failure to meet the requirements, in respect to the equipment
supplied, of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, as interpreted by an
authorized inspector. Thermo Ramsey will use their best efforts to remedy such
violation at a reasonable cost to the buyer.
2.3
STORAGE
If you are not going to install the electronics system now, it can be safely stored at
temperatures from -40° F (-40° C) to +158° F (+70° C). All components should be
protected against moisture.
2.4
UNCRATING & INSPECTION
The electronics system has been properly packaged for shipment. Inspect all packages
for damage before opening as often times the carrier may be responsible for shipping
damage.
1.
Inspect the electronics for shipping damage.
2.
Remove the poly covering from the electronics.
3.
Cut the nylon shipping bands securing the electronics to pallet.
4.
Lift the electronics and pedestal off the pallet.
REC 3829
2-2
2.5
EQUIPMENT LOCATION
Careful consideration should be given to the location of the electronics, as system
performance is affected by its location. The following requirements must be followed.
1.
The electronics should be located so maintenance personnel can easily perform
cleaning and adjustment procedures, and so both the control panel and electronics
enclosure rear doors are easily accessible. This requires clear space behind and in
front of the machine.
2.
There should be a minimum of vibration in the area. Vibrations can be conducted to
a loadcell and affect weighing accuracy.
3.
The electronics system is designed to operate in an environment where the
temperature ranges no lower than -14° F (-10° C) nor higher than 122° F (50° C).
4.
The electronics will operate in an environment where the humidity (non-condensing)
ranges from 0% to 95%.
REC 3829
2-3
2.6
INSTALLATION
The procedures given below provide for installing the electronics in your production line.
INPUT POWER CONNECTIONS
FIGURE 2-1
2.6.1
Initial Power On
The initial power on procedures describe the checks to be performed before the
initial system setup procedures are performed.
1.
REC 3829
Verify that the fuses on the Analog Board (Figure 2-2) and Distribution Board
(Figure 2-3) inside the controller enclosure are correct for the AC input
voltage. The following lists define the correct fuses.
2-4
ANALOG BOARD
FUSE
115VAC
220VAC
F1 (for electronics)
3/8A, 3AG, SB
3/16A, 3AG, SB
F2 (for line [L2])
10A, 3AB, SB
10A, 3AB, SB
ANALOG BOARD
FIGURE 2-2
REC 3829
2-5
DISTRIBUTION BOARD
FUSE
115VAC/220VAC
F1 (for Indeed motor)
5A, 3AG, SB
F2 (for weightable motor)
5A, 3AG, SB
F3 (for outfield motor)
5A, 3AG, SB
F4 (for line [L1])
15A, 3AB, SB
F5 (for line [L2])
15A, 3AB, SB
DISTRIBUTION BOARD
FIGURE 2-3
REC 3829
2-6
2.
Verify that switch SW-2 on the Analog Board is set to the correct AC input
voltage.
3.
Verify that the dip switches on the Analog Board are correct for your
configuration. The following list defines the standard switch settings for the
Analog Board, if the specific options noted are installed. (For options see
Chapter 6.0.)
ANALOG BOARD DIP SWITCHES
SWITCH POSITION
DESCRIPTION
SW1-1
OFF/OPEN*
Optional outfield with speed sensor.
ON/CLOSED
No outfield speed sensor.
OFF/OPEN
Standard weightable speed sensor.
SW1-2
ON/CLOSED* No weightable speed sensor.
SW1-3
SW1-8
Others
OFF/OPEN*
Optional Indeed with speed sensor.
ON/CLOSED
No Indeed speed sensor.
ON/CLOSED* Normal Run position.
OFF/OPEN
Remove forgotten password.
OFF/OPEN
Not Used
*Standard position.
REC 3829
4.
Turn the front panel CONVEYOR POWER switch ON and verify that the belt
(chains) are running.
5.
Turn the ELECTRONICS POWER switch ON and let the electronics warm up.
2-7
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REC 3829
4-0
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CHAPTER 4.0
MAINTENANCE
4.1
GENERAL
Your electronics system is capable of efficient and reliable operation when it is properly
maintained. Cleanliness is the most important factor in keeping your electronics in good
operating condition.
To assist you in servicing your electronics system, information in this section includes:
Factory service and repair information.
Removal, replacement, and adjustment procedures to assist you in solving repair
problems.
Troubleshooting procedures.
4.2
SERVICE & REPAIR
The maintenance information in this manual is adequate to meet your service needs.
However, if you run into problems requiring technical assistance, please call (800)2278891 toll free or (612)783-2700. In addition, Thermo Products Field Service
Representatives are fully trained and available from regional offices.
Before performing any drastic modifications to this machine, refer to your warranty or
contact your Thermo Products Field Service Representative.
Thermo Products has a repair center located at our plant in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Please contact our Repair Parts Representative at (612)783-2783 for assistance.
Please have available your machine model and serial number as this will expedite your
service request.
When returning parts for repair, please use the Return Material Authorization form located
in the parts section of this manual.
4.3
COMPONENT REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES (ELECTRICAL)
CAUTION
AVOID HIGH VOLTAGE AND STATIC ELECTRICITY AROUND CIRCUIT
BOARDS.
4.3.1
Display Board Assembly Replacement
To replace the Display Board, proceed as indicated below.
REC 3829
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open the electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Disconnect Display Board ribbon cable at J5 (see Figure 4-1).
4.
Remove mounting hardware securing Display Board to door of enclosure.
5.
Carefully lay Display Board down to gain access to front panel cable.
6.
Disconnect front panel cable at Display Board connector J7.
7.
Remove Display Board from enclosure.
4-1
8.
Place new Display Board in enclosure with Display Board ribbon cable toward
the enclosure hinge.
9.
Connect front panel cable to Display Board connector J7.
10. Install new Display Board on mounting bolts.
11. Replace mounting hardware securing board to enclosure.
12. Connect Display Board ribbon cable to Display Board connector J7.
13. Close electronics controller enclosure door.
14. Apply power to electronics and verify proper operation.
4.3.2
Display Module Replacement
To replace the Display Module, proceed as indicated below.
4.3.3
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open the electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Remove the Display Module cable (see Figure 4-1).
4.
Remove mounting hardware securing Display Module to enclosure.
5.
Remove Module and place the new one on the four threaded studs.
6.
Replace the mounting hardware and reconnect the Display Module cable.
7.
Close and secure the electronics controller enclosure door.
8.
Apply power to electronics and verify proper operation.
Communication Board Replacement
To replace the Communication Board, proceed as indicated below.
REC 3829
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Locate the Communication Board (directly above the CPU Board) near the
upper, back portion of the enclosure (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Gently pull the Communication Board handle, extracting the board from the
pin connectors.
5.
Place new Communication Board in enclosure. Insure the board is in the
upper slot, properly oriented and fully seated.
6.
Set all switches on new Communication Board as they were positioned on old
board.
7.
Verify all setups. Refer to Chapter 3 of this manual for setup procedures.
4-2
DISPLAY BOARD ASSEMBLY/MODULE REPLACEMENT
FIGURE 4-1
REC 3829
4-3
4.3.4
CPU Board Replacement
To replace the CPU Board, proceed as indicated below.
NOTE: If your electronics system is operating erratically, try to capture as much
setup data as possible before turning off power.
4.3.5
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Locate the CPU Board (directly below the Communication Board) near the
upper, back portion of the enclosure (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Remove hardware securing CPU board. Gently pull the CPU card handle,
extracting the board from the pin connectors.
5.
Place new CPU Board in enclosure. Insure the board is in the lower slot,
properly oriented and fully seated.
6.
Perform a Cold Start Procedure.
7.
Verify all setups. Refer to Chapter 3 for all setup procedures.
Analog Board Replacement
To replace the Analog Board, proceed as indicated below.
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronic controller enclosure door.
3.
Disconnect Analog Board cables J3, J4, J5, J6, J9, J10, J11, J26, and (see
Figure 4-2).
4.
Unscrew loadcell cables at TB3A and TB3B. Also unscrew all wires on TB4.
5.
Remove screw and washer securing Analog Board to enclosure.
6.
Remove Analog Board from enclosure.
7.
Verify DIP Switch SW1-1 through SW1-8 settings on new Analog Board with
old board.
8.
Verify fuses.
9.
Remove CPU Board and optional Communication Board from old Analog
Board and place in the new Analog Board. Verify that the boards are in their
proper slots and are fully seated.
10. Place new Analog Board in enclosure.
11. Secure new Analog Board to enclosure.
12. Reconnect loadcell cables to Analog Board, and reconnect wires to TB4.
13. Connect Analog Board cables J3 and J4 to CPU Board connectors J3, J4, J5,
J6, J9, J10, J11, J26, and J27.
14. Perform a Cold Start Procedure.
15. Apply power to electronics and recalibrate machine. Refer to Chapter 3 for
calibration procedures.
REC 3829
4-4
COMMUNICATION, CPU, AND ANALOG BOARD REPLACEMENT
FIGURE 4-2
REC 3829
4-5
4.3.6
Distribution Board Replacement
To replace the Distribution Board, proceed as indicated below.
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open the distribution enclosure box (Figure 4-3).
3.
Disconnect main AC power cable at Distribution Board terminal block TB-7.
4.
Disconnect drive motor cables at Distribution Board terminal block TB-5.
5.
Disconnect diverter cables at Distribution Board terminal block TB-6.
6.
Disconnect speed sensor cables at Distribution Board terminal block TB-9.
7.
Disconnect wiring to the distribution enclosure at J-14, J-22, J-23, and J-24.
8.
Disconnect weightable motor speed control at J-17 and J-18.
9.
Disconnect all option cables connected to Distribution Board (Figure 4-4).
Refer to the following list.
DISTRIBUTION BOARD
CONNECTOR
OPTION
INFEED SPEED CONTROL
OUTFEED SPEED CONTROL
MOTOR INHIBIT
J-15, J16
J-19, J20
TB-8
10. Remove screw securing Distribution Board to enclosure.
11. Remove Distribution Board from enclosure by sliding up and lifting out.
12. Verify that fuses on new Distribution Board are the same as old board. The
following list defines the correct fuses.
FUSE
F1 (Infeed Motor)
F2 (Weightable Motor)
F3 (Outfeed Motor)
F4 (Line [L1])
F5 (Line [L2])
115/220 VAC
5A
5A
5A
15A
15A
TYPE
3AG, SB
3AG, SB
3AG, SB
3AB, SB
3AB, SB
13. Install new Distribution Board in enclosure.
14. Replace screw securing Distribution Board to enclosure.
15. Connect all option cables installed on Distribution Board.
16. Connect weightable motor speed control at J-17 and J-18.
17. Connect wiring to the distribution enclosure at J-14, J-22, J-23, and J-24.
18. Connect speed sensor cables at Distribution Board terminal block TB-9.
19. Connect diverter cables at Distribution Board terminal block TB-5.
20. Connect drive motor cables at Distribution Board terminal block TB-5.
21. Connect main AC power cable at Distribution Board terminal block TB-7.
REC 3829
4-6
DISTRIBUTION BOARD REPLACEMENT
FIGURE 4-3
DISTRIBUTION BOARD WITH OPTIONS
FIGURE 4-4
REC 3829
4-7
22. Close the distribution enclosure box.
23. Apply power to electronics and verify proper operation.
4.3.7
Front Panel Replacement
To replace the controller front panel door, proceed as indicated below.
Fiberglass Enclosure
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Disconnect the cables (display board, display module ribbon, and pot/switch)
attached to the front door (see Figure 4-5).
3.
Using a drive pin, force the hinge pin up from the bottom until it can be
grasped with a pliers and removed from the controller enclosure door.
4.
Remove the front panel door.
5.
Remove the display board and display module from inside the front panel
door.
6.
Remove the nut(s) securing any externally mounted potentiometers. Also
remove switch boot covers securing electronic and conveyor power switches.
7.
Remove the pot/switch bracket from the inside of the door (see Figure 4-5).
8.
Discard the old front panel door.
9.
Fit the controller's new front panel door and insert the hinge pin.
10. Re-install all hardware in reverse order.
11. Reattach cables.
12. Close controller enclosure door.
13. Reapply power to electronics and verify proper operation.
Stainless Steel Enclosure
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open the controller enclosure door (Figure 4-5).
3.
Disconnect display module cable and remove display module.
4.
Disconnect display board ribbon and remove display board.
5.
Carefully peel front panel off enclosure. If front panel cannot be safely
removed, a solvent may be used to help peel the panel off.
6.
Peel protective paper off back of new front panel.
7.
Mount new front panel on enclosure in same position as old panel.
8.
Install display module and connect cable.
9.
Install display board and connect ribbon.
10. Close controller enclosure door.
11. Apply power to electronics and verify proper operation.
REC 3829
4-8
FRONT PANEL REPLACEMENT
FIGURE 4-5
REC 3829
4-9
4.3.8
Motor Speed Control Module Replacement
If you find it necessary to replace the motor speed control module, proceed as
follows:
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open distribution enclosure door (see Figure 4-3).
3.
Disconnect cable harness on motor speed control module from Distribution
Board connectors J-15 and J-16, or J-17 and J-18, or J-19 and J-20.
4.
Remove motor speed control module mounting screws.
5.
Remove motor speed control module from enclosure.
6.
Remove wiring harness from old speed control module and connect it to the
new module. Set all controls (ACCEL, DECEL, MAX. SPEED, MIN. SPEED,
TORQUE, and IR COMP) on new module to match old module. (See Minarik
MM23000 User's Guide, Chassis Control Connections in the Appendix.) Set
115/230V switches to appropriate settings.
WIRE COLOR
BOARD CONNECTION (EXTRON OR MINARIK)
Brown
Yellow
Violet
Red
WIRE
COLOR
A1
L1
L2
A2
BOARD CONNECTION
EXTRON
MINARIK
Orange
Gray
Blue
4
2
3
S1
S2
S3
7.
Place new motor speed control module in enclosure.
8.
Secure new speed control module using screws removed in step 4.
9.
Connect cable harness as removed in step 3.
10. Close distribution enclosure door.
11. Apply power to electronics and verify proper operation.
4.3.9
Cold Start Procedure
This procedure clears the AC-4000 memory. It is recommeded that this procedure
be done each time a printed circuit board is changed or memory is scrambled.
Thermo Ramsey also recommends all product and setup information be recorded
prior to cold start. Proceed as follows:
REC 3829
1.
Turn power switch OFF.
2.
Turn power switch ON while holding down the CLR key.
3.
Front panel display reads:
4-10
Memory Lost
Enter All Values
4.
4.4
Procedure complete. Press RUN to re-enter the required setup information
which is machine prompted. See Section 3.5, Initial Setup Procedure, for
required entries.
TROUBLESHOOTING
The troubleshooting procedures are listed in a logical sequence in Table 4-1 to enable
maintenance personnel to make the fastest checks first. Refer to the listed symptoms
and proceed to isolate the possible cause of the failure and apply the recommended
corrective action. When the solution recommends replacement of a component or
assembly, refer to the Replaceable Parts in Chapter 5.0. Other section references are
provided where necessary. If the procedures recommended do not provide a solution to
your particular problem, contact Thermo Products Technical Service for assistance.
TABLE 4-1
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Front panel displays
blank; no lamps lit,
no keyboard
response.
Incorrect DC voltage
Perform power supply
troubleshooting procedures, refer to
Table 4-2.
Bad Display
Replace defective Display Module,
refer to Display Module Replacement
Procedures in this chapter.
Incorrect DC voltage
Perform power supply
troubleshooting procedures, refer to
Table 4-2.
Bad Display Board or
cable
Replace defective Display Module,
refer to Display Module Replacement
Procedures in this chapter.
If problem persists
Replace defective Analog Board,
refer to Analog Board Replacement
Procedures in this chapter.
Bad front panel
Replace defective front panel, refer
to Front Panel Replacement
Procedures in this chapter.
If problem persists
Replace defective Analog Board,
refer to Analog Board Replacement
Procedures in this chapter.
Input from loadcell is
zero or less.
Check for objects between loadcell
and weightable.
Front panel display
blank or blinking
randomly; no display
response to lamp test
but LED's OK.
No response when
one or more keys are
pressed; i.e., some
work and some don't.
Message "A/D Under
Ranged"
REC 3829
4-11
TABLE 4-1
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES - Continued
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Message "A/D Over
Ranged"
Input from loadcell
has exceeded A/D
input range
Check for objects on weightable
that exceed loadcell capacity.
Message "Outfeed
Queue Full"
Too many packages
on outfeed table
Decrease amount of packages
between beginning of outfeed and
the diverter.
Replace or adjust speed sensor.
Message
"Weightable Queue
Full"
Multipackage
tracking. Too many
packages on the
weightable
Decrease amount of packages
between interlock and outfeed
deadplates.
Replace or adjust speed sensor.
Message "Deadplate
Queue Full"
Excessive deadplate
package control
Decrease amount of packages
between beginning of deadplate
and the outfeed.
Replace/adjust speed sensor.
Incorrect Conveyor
Speed
Conveyor slows or
stops
Speed incorrectly set
Display speed on front panel and
re-adjust speed potentiometer to
correct speed.
If problem persists
Check speed calibration constant
and speed sensor.
Product build up on
drive
Clean machine.
Timing belt broken or
loose
Adjust or replace timing
belt. Refer to Drive Belt
Replacement and Adjustment
Procedures in the weightable
manual.
Seizure of drive shaft
bearings
Lubricate bearings, or if bearings
are defective, refer to Chain Drive
Sprocket Replacement
Procedures in the weightable
manual.
Loose drive sprocket
or timing gear
REC 3829
4-12
Retighten loose set screw on
drive sprocket or motor
timing gear.
TABLE 4-1
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES - Continued
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Conveyor slows or
stops (continued)
Seizure of motor shaft
bearings
Remove drive motor and
rotate shaft. If motor bearings are
defective, replace drive motor.
Refer to Motor Replacement
Procedures in the weightable
manual.
Infeed, Outfeed or
Weightable Conveyor
stops
Blown drive motor
fuse due to motor
overload or jam
Check drive motor fuses on
Distribution Board. If fuse is
blown, free conveyor of jam or
replace defective drive shaft
bearing. Refer to Chain Drive
Sprocket Replacement
Procedures in the weightable
manual. Install new fuses.
Blown drive motor
fuse due to shorted
wiring
Using an ohmmeter, measure
motor wiring isolation with respect
to chassis ground. Locate short
and correct wiring. Replace fuses
on Distribution Board.
Blown drive motor
fuse due to motor
armature winding
Measure motor armature
resistance that should be 4 to 6
Ohms, if less than 4
Ohms, replace drive motor. Refer
to Drive Motor Replacement
Procedures in weightable manual.
Replace fuses on Distribution
Board.
Defective motor
speed control module
Measure output of motor speed
control module. If module output
is not between 45 and 90 VDC,
replace defective motor speed
control module. Refer to Motor
Speed Control Module
Replacement Procedures in the
weightable manual.
Fuse 1 = Infeed
Fuse 2 = Weightable
Fuse 3 = Outfeed
REC 3829
4-13
TABLE 4-1
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES - Continued
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
No Interlocks
(Use Interlock Test
menu)
Dirty interlock
Clean interlock.
Misaligned interlock
or blocked path
Realign interlocks or remove
blockage using visible red
indicator light on receiver as an
aid.
No power
Troubleshoot wiring by checking
for +12 VDC between terminals
TB4-17 and TB4-18 on Junction
Box Board. If voltage is incorrect,
per- form Power Troubleshooting
checklist per Table 4-2.
Interlocks burned out
or defective
Replace defective interlock. Refer
to Interlock system Replacement
Procedures in the weightable
manual.
Bad Analog Board
Replace defective Analog Board.
Refer to Analog Board
Replacement Procedures in this
chapter.
Blown fuse
Check/replace fuse on diverter.
No diverter
(Use Diverter Test
menu)
If fuse continues to blow,
check/replace solid state relay
module on Analog Board.
Check/replace faulty diverter
mechanism and/or wiring.
No diverter while
running
REC 3829
Optional outfeed
speed sensor bad
Check outfeed speed display. If
zero, check/replace speed sensor
and wiring.
Analog Board bad
Check/replace Analog Board.
Refer to Analog Board
Replacement Procedures in this
chapter.
4-14
TABLE 4-1
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES - Continued
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Not weighing
Bad Interlock
Check/replace photo interlock
and/or wiring.
No speed signal
Check outfeed speed display. If
zero, check/replace speed sensor.
Bad Analog Board
Check/replace Analog Board.
Optional communications link inoperative.
Bad Communication
Board or cables
Check/replace Communication
Board or cables.
Weighing not done
Interrogate delay is
set too long.
Reset interrogate delay.
Taking too many A/D
samples.
Decrease amount of A/D samples
taken.
Weightable belt
speed is too high.
Slow weightable belt speed.
Printer buffer full
Low baud rate.
Increase baud rate.
Printer buffer full or
printer off line
Printer needs paper.
Refill.
Paper jam in printer.
Clear jam and reset.
Printer is deselected.
Select printer.
Printing reports too
often.
Reduce amount of reports.
Communication
Alarm
Receive buffer
overflow.
Stop data transmission to AC4000.
No gap
Packages spaced too
close together
Increase package spacing or
check package size for possible
skewing.
REC 3829
4-15
TABLE 4-2
POWER TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE
ACTION
Measure DC Voltages at Analog
Board Test Points TP2 and TP3,
loadcell excitation voltage at TB31,2 and +12V at TB4-2. Use test
connector J13-6 as common.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
If all DC Voltages are OK, perform board
troubleshooting procedures, refer to Table
4-1.
If all DC Voltages are at or near zero, check
AC Voltages.
If any one or more of DC Voltages are low or
zero, isolate fault to the Analog Board or field
wiring.
Check AC Voltages at transformer
connector J3:
J3-1
J3-4
HOT - L1
NEUTRAL - L2
If no AC Voltage, check fuses F4 and F5 on
Distribution Board, and F1 and F2 on the
Analog Board. Refer to Distribution Board
and Analog Board Replacement Procedures
in this chapter for fuse location and value.
If fuse F4 and F5 are OK, problem exists with
main AC input power. Check external power
source.
If fuse F4 or F5 on Distribution Board or fuse
F1 or F2 on Analog Board are blown, replace
fuse and restore power.
Isolate fault to single board; remove
AC power, unplug the CPU Board.
Reapply AC power
If DC Voltage is OK, replace CPU Board.
Remove AC power. Unplug
optional Communication Board.
Reapply power.
If DC voltage is OK, replace Communication
Board.
If DC Voltage is not OK, plug in CPU Board
and check the Display and optional
Communication Boards.
If not OK, insert Communication Board and
check Display Module.
REC 3829
4-16
TABLE 4-2
POWER TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE - Continued
ACTION
Remove AC power and disconnect
loadcell cables at TB3. Reapply AC
power.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
If DC Voltage is OK, replace either defective
loadcell or loadcell cable. Refer to
Weightable Replacement Procedures in the
weightable manual.
If DC Voltage is not OK, check speed sensor
and interlocks.
Remove AC power. Disconnect
speed sensor and interlock cables.
If DC voltage is OK, replace/repair speed
sensor and interlock or wiring.
If not OK, check Display Module.
Remove AC power and disconnect
Display Module cable at J6 on CPU
Board. Reapply AC power.
If DC Voltage is OK, replace defective
Display Module or cable. Refer to Display
Module Replacement Procedures in this
chapter.
If DC Voltage is not OK, replace defective
Analog Board. Refer to Analog Board
Replacement Procedures in this chapter.
REC 3829
4-17
CHAPTER 5.0
REPLACEMENT PARTS
5.1
GENERAL
This chapter gives information on how to order replacement parts for your AC-4000
Electronics and includes photographs and drawings with corresponding parts lists to
enable you to identify parts quickly and accurately.
5.2
ORDER INFORMATION
For faster service when ordering parts, fax or telephone Thermo Products Parts
Department. Your regional field service representative will also be happy to assist you
with parts orders, but his normal scheduling time may delay shipment of your parts order.
The recommended procedure for ordering parts is as follows:
1.
Determine the broken or faulty part(s).
2.
Locate the part(s) in the parts list given.
3.
Find the part number(s) for the item(s) needed and determine the quantity you
require.
4.
Write or telephone:
Thermo Electron
Customer Service Department
501 90th Ave. NW
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55433
Fax: (763) 780-1537
Customers A through G - (763)783-2781
Customers H through O - (763)783-2693
Customers P through Z - (763)783-2782
Repair and Returns
- (763)783-2783
Normal Customer Service hours are 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Central Time.
5.
With your order, list the following information:
Machine model and serial number
Purchase order number
Date required
Method of shipment preferred
List of parts, including part number, description and quantity
Your parts order will handled as expeditiously as possible.
REC 3829
5-1
5.3
PARTS LIST INDEX
Parts lists are cross referenced to photographs or drawings to facilitate identification.
These parts lists are indexed as follows:
PARTS LIST
DESCRIPTION
AC-4000 Electronics (Remote or Local)
REC 3829
5-2
TABLE NO.
PAGE NO.
5-1
5-4
5.3.1
REC 3829
Return Material Authorization
5-3
TABLE 5-1
AC-4000 ELECTRONICS
(Remote or Local)
KEY DESCRIPTION
PART
NO.
QTY.
Door Assembly, Fiberglass
Hinge Pin, Replacement
045765
045836
1
1
2
Potentiometer (Indeed, Weightable, Outfield)
044727
A/R
3
Cable Assembly, Power Switch, Electronics/
Conveyor
045328
A/R
4
Display Board
043259
1
5
Cable Assembly, Analog Board/Display Board
044725
1
6
Cable Assembly, Analog Board/Display Module
044726
1
7
Display Module
042758
1
8
Communication Board
043262
1
9
CPU Board (Select applicable U2 software
prom. See Section 6.0)
043253
1
10
Cable Assembly, Signal and Loadcell (for
remote AC-4000 and 8000 series frames)
045326
1
11
Cable Assembly, Signal and Loadcell (for
remote AC-4000 and 20, 25, 40 and 44 series
frames)
045324
1
12
Cable Assembly, COM I/COM II (Optional)
044936
1
1A
1B
REC 3829
5-4
TABLE 5-1
AC-4000 ELECTRONICS
(Remote or Local)
KEY DESCRIPTION
PART
NO.
QTY.
13
Analog Board, 115V
Analog Board, 230V
043256
045473
1
A/R
14
Analog Board Fuses:
F1, .37 amp, Slo-Blo (for 115V)
F1, .19 amp, Slo-Blo (for 230V)
F2, 10.00 amp, Slo-Blo
027784
022898
022612
1
A/R
1
15
Motor Control, DC
035269
1
16
Cable Assembly, Controller
Enclosure/Distribution Enclosure
044729
1
17
Distribution Board
044687
1
18
Distribution Board with Motor Inhibit
045322
A/R
19
Distribution Board Fuses:
F1, F2, F3 - 5 amp, Slo-Blo
F4, F5 - 15 amp, Slo-Blo
001369
045320
1 ea
1 ea
20
Cable Assembly, Motor/Rejects (for remote AC4000 and 8000 series frames)
045325
1
21
Cable Assembly, Motor/Rejects (for remote AC4000 and 20, 25, 40 and 44 series frames)
045323
1
22
Cable Assembly, Speed Control/Distribution
Board
044718
1
REC 3829
5-5
TABLE 5-1
(Continued)
Controller Front Panel
REC 3829
5-6
TABLE 5-1
(Continued)
Controller Enclosure - Left Side
REC 3829
5-7
TABLE 5-1
(Continued)
Controller Enclosure - Right Side
REC 3829
5-8
TABLE 5-1
(Continued)
Distribution Enclosure
REC 3829
5-9
CHAPTER 6.0
AC-4000 OPTIONS
6.1
GENERAL
Five basic types of reject systems are described in the following pages. These are:
Swing Gate Reject System
Air Bopper Reject System
Air Jet Reject System
Air Pusher Reject System
Carrier Reject System
A brief description of each system and replaceable parts with corresponding referenced
drawings are provided for each type of reject system listed above.
The reject devices are controlled by the electronics of your checkweigher system and
need no other inputs. Product is weighed before reaching the reject position. The timing
of the reject is triggered by a photocell interlock system located upstream from the reject
mechanism. As product passes the photocell (i.e., as it interrupts the interlock), a reject
timing signal is sent from the checkweigher to the reject device, triggering that device to
fire (reject) when product reaches the reject position.
Information presented below pertains solely to the reject systems listed above. Any other
information regarding the electronics or mechanics of your system (including such
adjustment procedures as reject timing or photo interlock) can be found in the Operation
Chapter.
6.1.1
Swing Gate Reject System
The Swing Gate Reject System consists of an air cylinder operated paddle which,
when energized, swings across the product path and diverts the product off the
side of the conveyor. This paddle should be positioned as close as possible to the
conveying medium but should not be in contact with the conveyor. In the rest
position, the paddle should be as close as possible to the product path without
actually being in the path of the product.
This reject system is designed for collapsible product containers or long rigid
containers weighing up to 2 lbs. (1 Kg). The maximum allowable line speed is 100
CPM, depending upon product size and weight. The required air pressure also
depends upon the product specifications and should be balanced to obtain the
desired reject action.
The wearable replaceable parts are listed in Table 6-1.
6.1.2
Air Bopper Reject System
The Air Bopper Reject System consists of a polyurethane bopper plate operated
by a double-acting air cylinder and a 4-way solenoid valve which provide air
pressure for both the extending and retracting actions of the bopper plate. When
energized, the bopper plate travels across the product path and "bops" the
product off the side of the conveyor.
This reject system is designed for the high speed reject (up to 350 CPM) of
smaller products (cans, bottles, and rigid boxes) weighing up to 1.5 lbs. (0.68 Kg).
REC 3829
6-1
The Air Bopper Reject should be mounted perpendicular to the conveying medium
and as close as possible (without touching) to the product and the conveying
medium. The air pressure required depends on product specifications and should
be balanced to obtain the desired reject action.
The wearable replaceable parts are listed in Table 6-2.
6.1.3
Air Jet Reject System
The Air Jet Reject System consists of two (2) OSHA approved air nozzles
mounted on an air manifold and controlled by a solenoid valve. When energized,
jets of air blow the product off the conveying medium. To avoid possible
contamination of the air supply, the system's air filter and regulator assembly does
not contain a lubricator. The air pressure required depends on product weight and
should be adjusted to obtain the desired reject action.
This reject system is designed for rigid product containers weighing up to 2.5 lbs.
(1.1 Kg) for chain conveyor applications and up to 1 lb. (0.5 Kg) for mylar belt
conveyor applications. The maximum allowable line speed for this reject system is
400 CPM, depending upon product size and weight.
The wearable replaceable parts are listed in Table 6-3.
6.1.4
Air Pusher Reject System
The Air Pusher Reject System consists of a stainless steel rectangular plate or an
anodized aluminum round plate operated by a double acting air cylinder and a 4way solenoid valve which provide air pressure for both the extending and the
retracting actions, of the reject plate. When energized, the Air Pusher plate
travels across the product path and pushes the product off the side of the
conveyor.
This reject system is designed for heavier products, 5 to 40 lbs. (2.3 to 28 Kg),
and slower line speeds (40 to 80 CPM). The round reject plate is used for rigid
product containers. The rectangular reject plate is used for collapsible product
containers.
The Air Pusher Reject should be positioned as close as possible to (without
touching) the product. It should be mounted as close as possible to the conveying
medium to prevent tipping the product when rejected. This height is generally
about the mid-section of the product container. The air pressure required
depends upon product specifications and should be balanced to obtain the desired
reject action.
The wearable replaceable parts are presented in Table 6-4.
6.1.5
Carrier Reject System
The Carrier Reject System represents the most gentle handling mechanism know
for rejection applications. A series of channels (from one to five) is built into the
carrier reject and signals from the checkweigher cause the carrier plaques to
divert product to the desired channel. This reject system operates at any speed
and handles products of any size and weight compatible with the electronics.
REC 3829
6-2
TABLE 6-1
SWING GATE REJECT SYSTEM - REPLACEABLE PARTS
Key
Description
Part No.
Qty.
1
Paddle
032082
1
2
Gusset, Paddle
034407
2
3
Air Cylinder
025231
1
4
Bushing, Flange
027907
4
5
Pivot, Swing Gate
032549
1
6
Pivot, Cylinder
033123
1
7
Shaft, Cylinder Mount
031874
1
8
4-Way Solenoid Valve
014877
1
9
Tru-Arc Retaining Ring
027868
3
REC 3829
6-3
TABLE 6-1 (Continued)
SWING GATE REJECT SYSTEM - REPLACEABLE PARTS
Key
Description
Part No.
Qty.
10
Air Filter Regulator, 1/4 NPT w/Gauge
026178
1
REC 3829
6-4
TABLE 6-2
AIR BOPPER REJECT SYSTEM - REPLACEABLE PARTS
Key
Description
Part No.
Qty.
1
Bopper Plate Molding
026505
1
2
3" Stroke Air Cylinder
4" Stroke Air Cylinder
6" Stroke Air Cylinder
8" Stroke Air Cylinder
034407
014325
014326
014327
Select One
3
4-Way Valve
014877
1
4
Air Regulator/Filter Assembly w/Gauge
026178
1
REC 3829
6-5
TABLE 6-3
AIR JET REJECT SYSTEM - REPLACEABLE PARTS
Key
Description
Part No.
Qty.
1
*Air Manifold
026936
1
2
Hex Nipple
021060
2
3
Nozzle
027659
2
4
Hex Bushing
027991
1
5
Solenoid Valve
051294
1
6
Air Regulator w/Gauge and Filter
041137
1
REC 3829
6-6
TABLE 6-4
AIR PUSHER REJECT SYSTEM - REPLACEABLE PARTS
Key
Description
Part No.
Qty.
1
Bopper, Plate 7.0" Lg.
021506
1
2
4" Stroke Air Cylinder
6" Stroke Air Cylinder
8" Stroke Air Cylinder
014325
014326
014327
Select One
3
4-Way Valve
014877
1
4
Air Regulator/Filter Assembly w/Gauge
026178
1
REC 3829
6-7
6.2
VARIABLE SPEED
Variable speed option is provided for those applications requiring variable conveyor line
speeds. With the variable speed option, you can adjust the speed of your weightable and
Indeed or outfield conveyors right at the front panel. The controls are screw driver
adjustable and remain wash down sealed when not in use.
6.2.1
Installation
To install the variable speed option proceed as follows:
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open the controller enclosure door.
3.
Remove the switch/pot bracket from the door.
4.
With a knife, cut through the hole(s) in the front panel.
5.
Install the spacer onto the potentiometer(s) and tighten.
6.
Insert the potentiometer(s) spacer through the front panel.
7.
From the front of the panel, insert the O-ring on the spacer threads.
8.
Install the jack cover and jack cover nut on the protruding spacer threads and
tighten.
TABLE 6-5
VARIABLE SPEED OPTION PARTS
Description
Part No.
Qty.
Potentiometer (Indeed, Weightable, Outfield)
044727
A/R
Power Switch (Electronics and Conveyor)
045328
A/R
Boot, Switch, Toggle
026856
A/R
Jack Cover, Sealed
034966
A/R
O-Ring, .375" x .50" x .062"
023546
A/R
Spacer
034972
A/R
REC 3829
6-8
6.3
COMMUNICATIONS
The Communications Option provides two communication channels, Port A and Port B,
which are electrically identical but have different functional capabilities. This provides
digital communication with external devices such as printers, terminals, or computers.
Both EIA-232 and EIA-422/485 communications standards are supported on both
channels. Baud rate, character size, parity, and stop bit settings can be selected from the
front panel. Port A can be used to transmit formatted reports or free run data. Port B can
be used to transmit free run data or for other optional functions. Several Port B software
options are available and are described in the AC-4000 Communications Software
Options Manual, REC 4059.
6.3.1
Communication Board Installation
To install the Communication Board and cable, proceed as follows:
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
The Communication Board connector is located directly above the CPU Board
near the upper, back portion of the enclosure (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Gently push the Communication Board onto the pin connectors using the card
handle.
5.
Insure the board is properly oriented and fully seated.
6.
Set dip switches (shown below in Table 6-6) on the Communication Board
(Figure 6-1) as needed.
7.
Connect the 20 pin connector on the communications cable assembly to J11
of the Analog board.
8.
Remove two of the cover plates on the bottom of the enclosure and discard.
Insert the circular connectors in the holes and tighten the four hex nuts.
9.
Close electronics controller enclosure door.
10. Apply power to electronics.
11. Refer to Chapter 3 of this manual for setup procedures. Also see the Menu
Tree drawing for menus that are available with the Communications Option.
REC 3829
6-9
TABLE 6-6
COMMUNICATION BOARD SWITCH SETTINGS
PORT A
SWITCH
SW1-1
SWITCH
SW1-2
SWITCH
SW1-5
SWITCH
SW1-7
SWITCH
SW2-1
DESCRIPTION
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-232 with hardware
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-232 with data leads only
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 no termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 with termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 no termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 with termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
EIA-422/485 no termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
EIA-422/485 with termination
PORT B
SWITCH
SW1-3
SWITCH
SW1-4
SWITCH
SW1-6
SWITCH
SW1-8
SWITCH
SW2-2
DESCRIPTION
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-232 with hardware
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-232 data leads only
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 no termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 with termination
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 no termination
4-wire multidrop
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
EIA-422/485 with termination
4-wire multidrop
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
EIA-422/485 no termination
2-wire multidrop
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
OFF / OPEN
ON / CLOSED
ON / CLOSED
EIA-422/485 with termination
2-wire multidrop
TABLE 6-7
COMMUNICATIONS OPTION PARTS
REC 3829
Description
Part No.
Qty.
Communication Board
043262
1
Com I/Com II Cable Assembly
044936
1
6-10
COMMUNICATION BOARD SWITCHES
FIGURE 6-1
6.3.2
External Communication Cabling
This section describes the cabling necessary to connect the AC-4000 EIA-232
(Figure 6-2) and the EIA-485 (Figure 6-3) serial interface to an external device.
Appendix A contains drawings showing the required cabling.
A Test Menu called "Comm Loop Back" is supplied for testing the serial interface
by sending the alphabet out the selected serial channel. If the AC-4000 receives
the same data it sends out, the menu indicates "PASS", otherwise it indicates
“FAIL”. A loopback connector should be connected instead of the external device
so the data will return. If this is not done but the external device prints the
alphabet, the cabling is probably working.
REC 3829
6-11
EIA-232 CONNECTIONS
FIGURE 6-2
EIA-232
Typical connections are shown in Figure 6-2. In some cases, wires may need to be
swapped (null modem connections). This is done by swapping wires 2-3, 4-5, and 6-20.
To make the Comm Loop Back test pass, connect a jumper wire between pins 2 and 3 of
connector P2. If hardware handshaking is used, also connect pins 4-5.
If your device cannot drive the RTS line, insure the DIP switches are set to EIA-232 data
leads only.
REC 3829
6-12
EIA-485 CONNECTIONS
FIGURE 6-3
EIA-485
Figure 6-3 shows the connections typically used to connect the AC4000 EIA-485 output to
an external device. The cabling shown includes a converter that changes the output back
to EIA-232 before entering the device. If the device has EIA-485 capability built in, the
converter can be removed and the device connected directly to connector P2.
To make the Comm Loopback Test pass, connect a jumper wire between pins 2 and 3 on
the EIA-232 side of the converter. If the converter is not used, connect pins 2-5 and 1417 of connector P2.
REC 3829
6-13
6.3.3
External Cabling Connections
A 14-pin connector, Amphenol MS3106A-20-27P, is used to connect an external
communications device to the controller. A shielded cable should be used and the
shield should be tied to the controller only. The connections are defined in Table
6-8 below.
TABLE 6-8
EXTERNAL CABLING CONNECTIONS
MS3106A
CONNECTOR
PIN
6.3.4
FUNCTION / SIGNAL
A
B
Shield
Signal Ground
C
D
E
F
TxD (A/-)
TxD (B/+)
RxD (A/-)
RxD (B/+)
Î
EIA-422/485 4-wire
,
Ï
E
F
TxD/RxD (A/-)
TxD/RxD (B/+)
EIA-422/485 2-wire
G
H
I
J
K
L
(N/C)
DTR (Data Terminal Ready)
TxD (Transmit Data)
RxD (Receive Data)
(N/C)
CTS (Clear to Send)
Î
,
EIA-232
,
,
Ï
M
N
(N/C)
(N/C)
Formatted Report
The AC-4000 can create a formatted report that will be sent out Port A. See
Chapter 3 (REC 3830) for the report setup and format information.
6.3.5
Free Run Data
The AC-4000 can output free run weight data on Port A or Port B. See Chapter 3
(REC 3830) for the free run output setup and format information.
REC 3829
6-14
6.4
STATISTICS OPTION
The Statistics Option is provided to gather information on the products being weighed. If
the Communications Option is installed, a formatted report of this information can be
printed.
6.4.1
6.5
Installation
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Locate the CPU Board (directly below the Communication Board) near the
upper, back portion of the enclosure (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Remove hardware securing CPU board. Gently pull the CPU card handle,
extracting the board from the pin connectors.
5.
If socket U3 is empty, insert the new Eeprom memory IC into the socket. The
orientation mark is toward U1.
6.
Replace CPU Board in enclosure. Insure the board is in the lower slot,
properly oriented and fully seated.
7.
Perform a Cold Start Procedure.
6.
Verify all setups. Refer to Chapter 3 for all setup procedures. Also see the
Menu Tree drawing for menus that are available with the Statistics option.
MULTIPLE PRODUCT OPTION
The Multiple Product Option allows storing of setup parameters and statistical data for up
to 15 different products. This information is stored in memory and the AC-4000 can be
switched from one product to another in a matter of seconds by using the Product menu.
6.5.1
REC 3829
Installation
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Locate the CPU Board (directly below the Communication Board) near the
upper, back portion of the enclosure (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Remove hardware securing CPU board. Gently pull the CPU card handle,
extracting the board from the pin connectors.
5.
If socket U3 is empty, insert the new EEPROM memory IC into the socket.
The orientation mark is toward U1.
6.
Replace CPU Board in enclosure. Insure the board is in the lower slot,
properly oriented and fully seated.
7.
Perform a Cold Start Procedure.
8.
Verify all setups. Refer to Chapter 3 for all setup procedures. Also see the
Menu Tree drawing for menus that are available with the Multiple Products
option.
6-15
6.6
MULTIPLE DIVERTER OPTION
The Multiple Diverter Option is a combination of hardware and software that increases the
number of diverter (reject) outputs from one to three. A package can be diverted into
under-weight, on-weight and over-weight categories if desired. A diverter can also be
used as a No Gap indicator or as an Alarm actuator.
6.6.1
6.7
Installation
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Locate the CPU Board (directly below the Communication Board) near the
upper, back portion of the enclosure (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Remove hardware securing CPU board. Gently pull the CPU card handle,
extracting the board from the pin connectors.
5.
Plug the two additional diverter modules into the sockets on the lower right of
the Analog Board labeled CR2 and CR3.
6.
Replace CPU Board in enclosure. Insure the board is in the lower slot,
properly oriented and fully seated.
7.
Perform a Cold Start Procedure.
8.
Verify all setups. Refer to Chapter 3 for all setup procedures.
DIVERTER VERIFICATION OPTION
The Diverter Verification Option is used to confirm that packages have been properly
diverted. It confirms that a package assigned to a diverter is diverted, or, if the package is
not assigned, that it remains on the conveyor. The package travels the entered distance
before the AC-4000 verifies that it was handled correctly.
If a package handling error is detected, the alarm light turns on and the appropriate alarm
message appears in the Alarm menu. If an alarm diverter is assigned, the alarm output
goes activate until the operator manually clears the alarm.
This option requires that a verify sensor be connected to the Indeed Speed Sensor input.
This option disables the Indeed speed function.
6.7.1
REC 3829
Installation
1.
Turn off power at mains.
2.
Open electronics controller enclosure door.
3.
Disconnect the Indeed speed sensor (if present) from terminals TB4-1 to TB44 on the Analog board (see Figure 4-2).
4.
Connect the Verify sensor to terminals TB4-1 to TB4-4 on the Analog board,
following the labels by the terminals.
5.
If a photoeye is used for the verify sensor, connect the photoeye emitter to
terminals TB4-17 and TB4-18, as indicated on the Analog board.
6.
Perform a Cold Start Procedure.
7.
Verify all setups. Refer to Chapter 3 for all setup procedures.
6-16
6.8
MOTOR INHIBIT OPTION
The Motor Inhibit Option permits using an external motor inhibit signal. A closed contact
across TB8-1 and 2 of the distribution board allows the motors to run. Motor inhibit is not
an E-Stop. See the section on the inhibit input in the motor control manual. The
minimum speed setting of the motor control must be set properly or the motor may rotate
at the minimum speed when the motor inhibit contact opens.
REC 3829
6-17
Appendix Drawing A/1
Field Wiring Diagram
INSERT FIELD WIRING DIAGRAM
APPROPRIATE FOR YOUR APPLICATION
(See Engineering Manual Request Form or
Consult Product Engineer)
REC 3829
A/1-1
SCR, Adjustable Speed Drives
for DC Brush Motors
User’s Manual
MM23000
Series
Copyright  2001 by
Minarik Corporation
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form without written permission from Minarik Corporation. The information and
technical data in this manual are subject to change without notice. Minarik
Corporation and its Divisions make no warranty of any kind with respect to this
material, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of its merchantability
and fitness for a given purpose. Minarik Corporation and its Divisions assume no
responsibility for any errors that may appear in this manual and make no
commitment to update or to keep current the information in this manual.
Printed in the United States of America.
i
Safety Warnings
• This symbol denotes an important safety tip or warning.
Please read these instructions carefully before performing
any of the procedures contained in this manual.
•
DO NOT INSTALL, REMOVE, OR REWIRE THIS EQUIPMENT
WITH POWER APPLIED. Have a qualified electrical technician
install, adjust and service this equipment. Follow the National
Electrical Code and all other applicable electrical and safety
codes, including the provisions of the Occupational Safety and
Health Act (OSHA), when installing equipment.
•
Reduce the chance of an electrical fire, shock, or explosion by
proper grounding, over-current protection, thermal protection,
and enclosure. Follow sound maintenance procedures.
It is possible for a drive to run at full speed as a result
of a component failure. Minarik strongly recommends the
installation of a master switch in the main power input to
stop the drive in an emergency.
Circuit potentials are at 115 VAC or 230 VAC above earth
ground. Avoid direct contact with the printed circuit board or
with circuit elements to prevent the risk of serious injury or
fatality. Use a non-metallic screwdriver for adjusting the
calibration trimpots. Use approved personal protective
equipment and insulated tools if working on this drive with
power applied.
ii
Contents
Safety Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Specifications (Continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Suffix Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Chassis drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Shielding guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Heat sinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Quick-disconnect terminal block (C-Q drives only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Speed adjust potentiometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Chassis drive connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Power, fuse and motor connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Voltage follower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Cased drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Mounting (NEMA 1 enclosures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Mounting (NEMA 12 enclosures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Heat sinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Line fusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Field output connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Current limit LED (C models only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Current limit header block (C-H models only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Meter header block (cased C models only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
MM23001C-Q, MM23071, and MM23072 diagnostic LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Before applying power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Voltage select switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Input voltage select (SW501) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Armature voltage select (SW502) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
iii
Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
MM23001, MM23011, MM23071, and MM23072 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
MM23101, MM23111, MM23401, and MM23411 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
MM23201 and MM23211 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
MM23501 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Line starting and line stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Starting and stopping methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Inhibit terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Decelerating to minimum speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Dynamic braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
MINIMUM SPEED (MIN SPD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
MAXIMUM SPEED (MAX SPD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
IR COMPENSATION (IR COMP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
ACCELERATION (ACCEL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
DECELERATION (DECEL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Application Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Multiple fixed speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Adjustable speeds using potentiometers in series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Independent adjustable speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
RUN/JOG switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
RUN/JOG switch option #1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
RUN/JOG switch option #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Leader-follower application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Reversing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Reversing with a DIGI-LOK controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Before troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
CE Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
Line filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Armature filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Unconditional Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .inside back cover
iv
Illustrations
Figure 1. MM23001 and MM23011 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Figure 2. MM23001C-Q and MM23011C-Q Dimensions . . . . . . . . . .4
Figure 3. MM23101 and MM23111 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Figure 4. MM23201 and MM23211 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Figure 5. MM23401 and MM23411 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Figure 6. MM23501 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Figure 7. MM23071 and MM23072 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Figure 8. Heat Sink Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Figure 9. Quick-Disconnect Terminal Block
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Figure 10. Speed Adjust Potentiometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Figure 11. Chassis Drive Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Figure 12. MM23201C-Q and MM23011C-Q Connections . . . . . . . .22
Figure 13. Voltage Follower Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Figure 14. Cased Drive Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Figure 15. Voltage Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Figure 16. INHIBIT Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Figure 17. Run/Decelerate to Minimum Speed Switch . . . . . . . . . . .39
Figure 18. Dynamic Brake Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Figure 19. Recommended Torque and IR COMP Settings
. . . . . . .46
Figure 20. Multiple Fixed Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Figure 21. Adjustable Fixed Speeds Using
Potentiometers in Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Figure 22. Independent Adjustable Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
v
Figure 23. RUN/JOG Switch Connection to Inhibit Plug (Option #1) .52
Figure 24. RUN/JOG Switch Connection to
Speed Adjust Potentiometer (Option #2) . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Figure 25. Leader-Follower Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Figure 26. Single Speed Potentiometer Control of Multiple Drives . .55
Figure 27. Reversing Circuit Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Figure 28. Reversing with a DLC600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
FIgure 29. MM23000 Series Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
FIgure 30. MM23101, MM23111, MM23401 and MM23411
Terminal Block Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
FIgure 31. MM23201 and MM23211 Terminal Block Connections . .64
Figure 32. MM23501 Terminal Block Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
vi
Tables
Table 1. Recommended Line Fuse Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Table 2. Field Output Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Table 3. Field Output Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Table 4. Minimum Recommended Dynamic Brake Resistor Values .41
Table 5. Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Table 6. Corcom® Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Table 7. Minarik Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
1
Specifications
Model
MM23011
MM23111
MM23211
MM23411
MM23072
MM23001
MM23101
MM23201
MM23071
MM23401
MM23501
Max.
Armature
Current
(Amps DC)
1.5
HP Range
with 115 VAC
Applied
1/20–1/8
HP Range
with 230 VAC
Applied
1/10–1/4
5.0
1/8–1/2
1/4–1
10.0
1/8–1
1/4–2
†
‡
‡
†
Style
Chassis
NEMA 1
NEMA 1
NEMA 4/4X/ 12
Chassis
Chassis
NEMA 1
NEMA 1
Chassis
NEMA 4/4X/12
NEMA 4/4X/12
† Double maximum armature current and horsepower when drive is mounted on heat
sink part number 223-0159.
‡ Double maximum armature current and horsepower when drive is mounted on heat
sink part number 223-0174.
AC Line Voltage
115 VAC or 230 VAC ±10%, 50/60 Hz, single phase
Armature Voltage (115 VAC Input)
0–90 VDC
Armature Voltage (230 VAC Input)
0–180 VDC
Form Factor
1.37 at base speed
Field Voltage (115 VAC Input)
50 VDC (F1 to L1); 100 VDC (F1 to F2)
Field Voltage (230 VAC Input)
100 VDC (F1 to L1); 200 VDC (F1 to F2)
Max. Field Current
1 ADC
Accel. Time Range:
for 0–90 VDC Armature Voltage
0.5–11 seconds
for 0–180 VDC Armature Voltage
0.5–22 seconds
Decel. Time Range:
for 0-90 VDC Armature Voltage
coast to a stop–13 seconds
for 0–180 VDC Armature Voltage
coast to a stop–25 seconds
Analog Input Voltage Range (signal must be isolated; S1 to S2):
for 0–90 VDC Armature Voltage
0–1.4 VDC
for 0–180 VDC Armature Voltage
0–2.8 VDC
2
Specifications
Specifications (Continued)
Input Impedance (S1 to S2)
100K ohms
Load Regulation
1% base speed or better
Vibration
0.5G max (0–50 Hz)
0.1G max (>50 Hz)
Safety Certification
UL Recognized Component, file # E132235
CSA Certified Component, file # LR41380
CE Certificate of Compliance
Ambient Temp. Range (chassis drive)
10°C–55°C
Ambient Temp. Range (cased drive)
10°C–40°C
Suffix Definitions
A:
C:
C-H:
C-Q:
Basic drive
Basic drive with current limit LED
Basic drive with current limit header block
Basic drive with current limit LED, power LED, and quickdisconnect terminal block
Note:
•
C suffix applies to all models except MM23071 and MM23072.
•
C-H and C-Q suffixes apply only to models MM23001 and
MM23011.
•
MM23071A and MM23072A drives include a current limit and
power LED; trimmer potentiometers (trimpots) are
perpendicular to the PC board.
3
Dimensions
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 1. MM23001 and MM23011 Dimensions
4
Dimensions
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 2. MM23001C-Q and MM23011C-Q Dimensions
Dimensions
TWO 0.88 [22] CONDUIT HOLES
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 3. MM23101 and MM23111 Dimensions
5
6
Dimensions
FOUR MOUNTING SLOTS 0.19 INCHES [5 MILLIMETERS] WIDE
TWO 0.88 [22] KNOCKOUTS
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 4. MM23201 and MM23211 Dimensions
Dimensions
FOUR MOUNTING SLOTS 0.19 INCHES [5 MILLIMETERS] WIDE
TWO 0.88 [22] KNOCKOUTS
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 5. MM23401 and MM23411 Dimensions
7
8
Dimensions
FOUR MOUNTING SLOTS 0.19 INCHES [5 MILLIMETERS] WIDE
TWO 0.88 [22] KNOCKOUTS
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 6. MM23501 Dimensions
Dimensions
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
Figure 7. MM23071 and MM23072 Dimensions
9
10
Dimensions
MOUNTING SLOTS 0.19 X 0.34 [5 X 9]
ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS]
PART NO.
DIM “A”
DIM “B”
DIM “C”
DIM “D”
DIM “E”
223-0159
4.40 [112]
3.00 [76]
0.7 [18]
1.75 [44]
3.90 [100]
223-0174
7.78 [198]
6.00 [152]
0.89 [23]
6.00 [152]
5.35 [136]
Heat sinks sold separately.
Figure 8. Heat Sink Dimensions
11
Installation
Warning
Do not install, rewire, or remove this control with input
power applied. Doing so may cause fire or serious injury.
Make sure you have read and understood the Safety
Warnings before attempting installation.
Chassis drives
Mounting
• Drive components are sensitive to electrostatic fields. Avoid
contact with the circuit board directly. Hold drive by the chassis
only.
• Protect the drive from dirt, moisture, and accidental contact.
• Provide sufficient room for access to the terminal block and
calibration trimpots.
• Mount the drive away from other heat sources. Operate the drive
within the specified ambient operating temperature range.
• Prevent loose connections by avoiding excessive vibration of the
drive.
• Mount drive with its board in either a horizontal or vertical plane.
Six 0.19 inch (5 mm) wide slots in the chassis accept #8 pan
head screws. Fasten either the large base or the narrow flange
of the chassis to the subplate.
• The chassis must be earth grounded. To ground the chassis, use
a star washer beneath the head of at least one of the mounting
screws to penetrate the anodized chassis surface and to reach
bare metal.
12
Installation
Wiring
Warning
Do not install, remove, or rewire this equipment with power
applied. Failure to heed this warning may result in fire,
explosion, or serious injury.
Circuit potentials are at 115 or 230 VAC above ground. To
prevent the risk of injury or fatality, avoid direct contact with
the printed circuit board or with circuit elements.
Do not disconnect any of the motor leads from the drive
unless power is removed or the drive is disabled. Opening
any one motor lead may destroy the drive.
• Use 18-24 AWG wire for speed adjust potentiometer wiring. Use
14–16 AWG wire for AC line (L1, L2) and motor (A1 and A2)
wiring.
Installation
13
Shielding guidelines
Warning
Under no circumstances should power and logic leads be
bundled together. Induced voltage can cause unpredictable
behavior in any electronic device, including motor controls.
As a general rule, Minarik recommends shielding of all conductors.
If it is not practical to shield power conductors, Minarik
recommends shielding all logic-level leads. If shielding of logic
leads is not practical, the user should twist all logic leads with
themselves to minimize induced noise.
It may be necessary to earth ground the shielded cable. If noise is
produced by devices other than the drive, ground the shield at the
drive end. If noise is generated by a device on the drive, ground
the shield at the end away from the drive. Do not ground both ends
of the shield.
If the drive continues to pick up noise after grounding the shield, it
may be necessary to add AC line filtering devices, or to mount the
drive in a less noisy environment.
Logic wires from other input devices, such as motion controllers
and PLL velocity controllers, must be separated from power lines in
the same manner as the logic I/O on this drive.
14
Installation
Heat sinking
Models MM23001 and MM23071 require an additional heat
sink when the continuous armature current is above 5 ADC. Use
Minarik part number 223-0159. All other chassis drives have
sufficient heat sinking in their basic configurations. Use a thermally
conductive heat sink compound (such as Dow Corning® 340 Heat
Sink Compound) between the drive chassis and heat sink surface
for optimum heat transfer.
Installation
15
Quick-disconnect terminal block (C-Q drives only)
The quick-disconnect terminal block, found only on C-Q drives, is
composed of a 9-pin header block and 9-screw terminal plug
(Figure 8). To use the quick-disconnect terminal block:
1. Carefully pull terminal plug from header block.
2. With a small flat-head screwdriver, turn terminal plug screw
counterclockwise to open wire clamp.
3. Insert stripped wire into the large opening in front of the plug.
4. Turn the terminal plug screw clockwise to clamp the wire.
5. Repeat steps 2–4 for each terminal until all connections are
made. Make no connections to F1 and F2 if using a permanent
magnet motor.
6. Insert plug into header until securely fastened.
Header Block
(mounted on the drive)
Terminal Plug
Figure 9. Quick-Disconnect Terminal Block
16
Installation
Speed adjust potentiometer
Warning
Be sure that the potentiometer tabs do not make contact with
the potentiometer enclosure. Grounding the input will cause
damage to the drive.
Mount the speed adjust potentiometer through a 0.38 in. (10 mm)
hole with the hardware provided (Figure 9). Install the circular
insulating disk between the panel and the 10K ohm speed adjust
potentiometer.
Twist the speed adjust potentiometer wire to avoid picking up
unwanted electrical noise. If speed adjust potentiometer wires are
longer than 18 in. (457 mm), use shielded cable. Keep speed
adjust potentiometer wires separate from power leads (L1, L2, A1,
A2).
Figure 10. Speed Adjust Potentiometer
Installation
17
Chassis drive connections
Warning
Do not connect this equipment with power applied.
Failure to heed this directive may result in fire or serious
injury.
Minarik strongly recommends the installation of a master
power switch in the voltage input line, as shown in
Figure 10 (page 20). The switch contacts should be rated at
a minimum of 200% of motor nameplate current and 250
volts.
Power, fuse and motor connections
Connect the power input leads, an external line fuse and a DC
motor to TB501 on the drive’s printed circuit board (PCB) as shown
in Figure 10, page 20.
Motor
Minarik drives supply motor armature voltage from A1 and A2
terminals. It is assumed throughout this manual that, when A1 is
positive with respect to A2 , the motor will rotate clockwise (CW)
while looking at the output shaft protruding from the front of the
motor. If this is opposite of the desired rotation, simply reverse the
wiring of A1 and A2 with each other.
18
Installation
Connect a DC motor to PCB terminals A1 and A2 as shown in
Figure 11, page 21. Ensure that the motor voltage rating is
consistent with the drive’s output voltage.
Power input
Connect the AC line power leads to TB501 terminals L1 and L2, or
to a double-throw, single-pole master power switch
(recommended). The switch should be rated at a minimum of 250
volts and 200% of motor current. Refer to Figure 11, page 21.
Line fuse
Minarik drives require an external fuse for protection. Use fast
acting fuses rated for 250 VAC or higher, and approximately 150%
of the maximum armature current. Fuse only the HOT leg of the
AC line that connects to L1 and leave L2 unfused when the AC line
voltage is 115 VAC. Table 1 (page 19) lists the recommended line
fuse sizes.
Wire an external line fuse between the stop switch (if installed) and
the L1 terminal on terminal board TB501. An additional line fuse
should be installed on L2 if the input voltage is 230VAC. The line
fuse(s) should be rated at 250 volts and 150 - 200% of maximum
motor nameplate current.
Installation
19
Table 1. Recommended Line Fuse Sizes
90 VDC Motor
180 VDC
Max. DC Armature
AC Line Fuse
Horsepower
Horsepower
Current (amps)
Size (amps)
1/20
1/10
0.5
1
1/15
1/8
0.8
1.5
1/8
1/4
1.5
3
1/6
1/3
1.7
3
1/4
1/2
2.5
5
1/3
3/4
3.5
8
1/2
1
5.0
10
3/4
1 1/2
7.5
15
1
2
10
15
Minarik Corporation offers two fuse kits: part number 050–0066
(1–5A Fuse Kit) and 050–0071 (5–15A Fuse Kit).
20
Installation
Field output connections
Warning
The field output is for shunt wound motors only. Do not
make any connections to F1 and F2 when using a
permanent magnet motor.
See Table 2 for field output connections. Use 18 AWG wire to
connect the field output to a shunt wound motor.
Table 2. Field Output Connections
Line Voltage
(VAC)
115
115
230
230
Approximate
Field Voltage (VDC)
50
100
100
200
Connect Motor
Field To
F1 and L1
F1 and F2
F1 and L1
F1 and F2
Installation
Figure 11. Chassis Drive Connections
21
22
Installation
Figure 12. MM23201C-Q and MM23011C-Q Connections
Installation
23
Voltage follower
Instead of using a speed adjust potentiometer, the drive may be
wired to follow an analog input voltage signal that is isolated from
earth ground (Figure 12). Connect the signal input (+) to S2.
Connect the signal common (–) to S1. Make no connection to S3.
A potentiometer can be used to scale the analog input voltage. An
interface device, such as Minarik model PCM4, may be used to
scale and isolate an analog input voltage.
With either 115 VAC or 230 VAC line voltage, an analog
input voltage range of approximately 0–1.4 VDC is required to
produce an armature voltage range of 0–90 VDC. With 230 VAC
line voltage, an analog input voltage range of approximately 0–2.8
VDC is required to produce an armature voltage range of 0–180
VDC.
Figure 13. Voltage Follower Connections
24
Installation
Cased drives
Warning
Do not install, rewire, or remove this control with input
power applied. Doing so may cause fire or serious injury.
Make sure you have read and understood the Safety
Warnings before attempting installation.
Mounting (NEMA 1 enclosures)
NEMA 1 cased drives come with 0.88 inch (22 mm) conduit holes
at the bottom of the case. The units may be vertically wall mounted
or horizontally bench mounted using the three keyholes on the
back of the case.
1. For access to the keyholes and the terminal strip, remove the
two screws from the front of the case by turning them
counterclockwise. Grasp the front cover and lift it straight out.
2. Install the mounting screws in the three keyholes.
3. Install conduit hardware through the conduit holes at the bottom
of the case. Connect external wiring to the terminal block.
4. Reinstall the front cover. Avoid pinching any wires between the
front cover and the case.
5. Replace the two screws to the front cover. Turn the screws
clockwise to tighten.
6. Set the POWER switch to the OFF position before applying the
AC line voltage.
Installation
25
Mounting (NEMA 12 enclosures)
NEMA 12 cased drives come with two 0.88 inch (22 mm)
conduit knockout holes at the bottom of the case. The units
may be vertically wall mounted using the four 0.19 inch (5 mm)
slotted holes on the attached heat sink. For motor loads less than 5
ADC, the drive may be bench mounted horizontally, or operated
without mounting.
1. Install the mounting screws.
2. For access to the terminal strip, turn the slotted screw on the
front cover counterclockwise until it is free from the case. The
right side of the cover is hinged to the case. Pull the slotted
screw to open the case.
3. Carefully remove the conduit knockouts by tapping them into
the case and twisting them off with pliers.
4. Install conduit hardware through the 0.88 inch (22 mm)
knockout holes. Connect external wiring to the terminal block.
5. Grasp the slotted screw and tilt the front cover back into place.
Avoid pinching any wires between the front cover and the case.
6. Turn the slotted screw clockwise until tight to secure the front
cover.
7. Set the POWER switch to the OFF position before applying the
AC line voltage.
26
Installation
Heat sinking
Models MM23101 and MM23201 require additional heat sinking
when the continuous armature current is above 5 ADC. Use
Minarik part number 223-0174. All other cased drives have
sufficient heat sinking in their basic configurations. Use a thermally
conductive heat sink compound (such as Dow Corning® 340 Heat
Sink Compound) between the back of the drive case and heat sink
surface for optimum heat transfer.
Line fusing
15 amp line fuses are preinstalled on the cased models MM23101,
MM23201, MM23401, and MM23501. 3 amp line fuses are
preinstalled on the cased models MM23111, MM23211, and
MM23411.
If the horsepower rating of the motor being used is less than the
maximum horsepower rating of the drive, the line fuse may have to
be replaced with a lower rated one. Refer to the “Recommended
Line Fuse Sizes” table on page 18 to install a lower rated fuse.
Installation
27
Connections
Warning
Do not connect this equipment with power applied.
Failure to heed this directive may result in fire or serious
injury.
Minarik strongly recommends the installation of a master
power switch in the voltage input line. The switch
contacts should be rated at a minimum of 200% of motor
nameplate current and 250 volts.
Power and motor connections
Connect the power input leads and a DC motor to TB501 as shown
in Figure 13, page 28.
Motor
Minarik drives supply motor voltage from A1 and A2 terminals. It is
assumed throughout this manual that, when A1 is positive with
respect to A2 , the motor will rotate clockwise (CW) while looking
at the output shaft protruding from the front of the motor. If this is
opposite of the desired rotation, simply reverse the wiring of A1
and A2 with each other.
Connect a DC motor to PCB terminals A1 and A2 as shown in
Figure 13. Ensure that the motor voltage rating is consistent with
the drive’s output voltage.
28
Installation
Power input
Connect the AC line power leads to TB501 terminals L1 and L2, or
to a double-throw, single-pole master power switch
(recommended).
Field output connections
Warning
The field output is for shunt wound motors only. Do not
make any connections to F1 and F2 when using a
permanent magnet motor.
See Table 3 for field output connections. Use 18 AWG wire to
connect the field output to a shunt wound motor.
Table 3. Field Output Connections
Line Voltage
(VAC)
115
115
230
230
Approximate
Field Voltage (VDC)
50
100
100
200
Connect Motor
Field To
F1 and L1
F1 and F2
F1 and L1
F1 and F2
Installation
Figure 14. Cased Drive Connections
29
30
Installation
Current limit LED (C models only)
MM23000C series drives are equipped with a red current limit LED.
The red current limit LED turns on whenever the drive reaches
current limit and turns off whenever the drive is not in current limit
(normal operation).
Current limit header block (C-H models only)
MM23000C-H series drives are equipped with a 2-pin current limit
header block. The current limit header block outputs approximately
a floating 5 VDC (5 mADC) signal whenever the drive reaches
current limit. The signal may be used as an input to an external
device, such as an alarm or shut down circuit, that works when the
drive reaches current limit.
Meter header block (cased C models only)
To supply power to external devices, the Meter header block
can supply an unregulated +9 VDC (5 mA) signal when the motor
and the power supply of the drive are fully loaded. More current is
available with less motor loading. Meter can supply an unregulated
+15V (10 mA) signal in typical applications.
Installation
31
MM23001C-Q, MM23071, and MM23072
diagnostic LEDs
Models MM23001C-Q, MM23071, and MM23072 are equipped with
two diagnostic LEDs:
Power (PWR): Lights whenever the AC line voltage is applied to
the drive.
Current Limit (CURR LIMIT or CL): Lights whenever the drive
reaches current limit.
32
Operation
Warning
Change voltage switch settings only when the drive is
disconnected from AC line voltage. Make sure both switches
are set to their correct position. If the switches are improperly
set to a lower voltage position, the motor will not run at full
voltage and may cause damage to the transformer. If the
switches are improperly set to a higher voltage position, the
motor will overspeed, which may cause motor damage, or
result in bodily injury or loss of life.
Dangerous voltages exist on the drive when it is powered.
BE ALERT. High voltages can cause serious or fatal injury.
For your safety, use personal protective equipment (PPE)
when operating this drive.
If the motor or drive does not perform as described,
disconnect the AC line voltage immediately. Refer to the
Troubleshooting section, page 57, for further assistance.
Before applying power
• Verify that no conductive material is present on the printed circuit
board.
• Ensure that the voltage select switches switches are properly set.
Operation
33
Voltage select switches
Input voltage select (SW501)
Set the voltage switch SW501 to either 115V or 230V to
match the AC line voltage. See Figure 14.
Armature voltage select (SW502)
Set the voltage switch SW502 to either 90V or 180V to match the
maximum armature voltage. See Figure 14.
INPUT VOLTAGE
SELECT (SW501)
ARMATURE
VOLTAGE SELECT
(SW502)
Figure 15. Voltage Switches
34
Operation
Startup
MM23001, MM23011, MM23071, and MM23072
1. Turn the speed adjust potentiometer full counterclockwise
(CCW).
2. Apply AC line voltage.
3. Slowly advance the speed adjust potentiometer clockwise (CW).
The motor slowly accelerates as the potentiometer is turned CW.
Continue until the desired speed is reached.
4. Remove AC line voltage from the drive to coast the motor to a
stop.
MM23101, MM23111, MM23401, and MM23411
1. Set the speed adjust potentiometer to “0” (full CCW).
2. Apply AC line voltage.
3. Set the POWER switch to the ON position.
4. Slowly advance the speed adjust potentiometer clockwise
(CW). The motor slowly accelerates as the potentiometer is
turned CW. Continue until the desired speed is reached.
5. Set the POWER switch to the OFF position to coast the
motor to a stop.
Operation
35
MM23201 and MM23211
Warning
Do not change the FORWARD / REVERSE switch while the
motor is running. The motor must come to a complete stop
before reversing. Changing motor direction before allowing
the motor to completely stop will cause excessively high
current to flow in the armature circuit, and will damage the
drive and/or motor.
1. Set the RUN/BRAKE switch to the BRAKE position.
2. Set the speed adjust potentiometer to “0” (full CCW).
3. Apply AC line voltage.
4. Set the POWER switch to the ON position.
5. Set the FORWARD/REVERSE switch to the desired direction of
rotation.
6. Set the RUN/BRAKE switch to the RUN position.
7. Slowly advance the speed adjust potentiometer clockwise (CW).
The motor slowly accelerates as the potentiometer is turned CW.
Continue until the desired speed is reached.
8. To reverse direction:
a. Set the RUN/BRAKE switch to the BRAKE position.
b. Set the FORWARD/REVERSE switch to the desired
direction of rotation.
c. Set the RUN/BRAKE switch to the RUN position.
9. To brake the motor, set the RUN/BRAKE switch to the BRAKE
position. To coast the motor to a stop, set the POWER switch to
the OFF position.
36
Operation
MM23501
Warning
The motor must come to a complete stop before reversing.
Changing motor direction before allowing the motor to
completely stop will cause excessively high current to flow in
the armature circuit, and will damage the drive and/or motor.
1. Set the FORWARD/BRAKE/REVERSE switch to the BRAKE
position.
2. Set the speed adjust potentiometer to “0” (full CCW).
3. Apply AC line voltage.
4. Set the POWER switch to the ON position.
5. Set the FORWARD/BRAKE/REVERSE switch to the desired
direction of rotation.
7. Slowly advance the speed adjust potentiometer clockwise (CW).
The motor slowly accelerates as the potentiometer is turned CW.
Continue until the desired speed is reached.
8. To reverse direction:
a. Set the FORWARD/BRAKE/REVERSE switch to the
BRAKE position.
b. After the motor comes to a complete stop, set the
FORWARD/BRAKE/REVERSE switch to the desired
direction of rotation.
9. To brake the motor, set the FORWARD/BRAKE/REVERSE
switch to the BRAKE position. To coast the motor to a stop, set
the POWER switch to the OFF position.
Operation
37
Starting and stopping methods
Warning
Decelerating to minimum speed, dynamic braking, or coasting
to a stop is recommended for frequent starts and stops. Do
not use any of these methods for emergency stopping. They
may not stop a drive that is malfunctioning. Removing AC line
power (both L1 and L2) is the only acceptable method for
emergency stopping.
For this reason, Minarik strongly recommends installing
an emergency stop switch on both the L1 and L2 inputs
(see connection diagrams on pages 20 & 21).
Line starting and line stopping
Line starting and line stopping (applying and removing AC line
voltage) is recommended for infrequent starting and stopping of a
drive only. When AC line voltage is applied to the drive, the motor
accelerates to the speed set by the speed adjust potentiometer.
When AC line voltage is removed, the motor coasts to a stop.
38
Operation
Inhibit terminals
Short the INHIBIT terminals to coast the motor to minimum speed
(see Figure 15 for INHIBIT terminal location). Open the INHIBIT
terminals to accelerate the motor to set speed.
Twist inhibit wires and separate them from power-carrying wires or
sources of electrical noise. Use shielded cable if the inhibit wires
are longer than 18 inches (46 cm). If shielded cable is used,
ground only one end of the shield to earth ground. Do not ground
both ends of the shield.
Minarik Corporation offers two accessory plug harnesses for
connecting to the INHIBIT terminals: part number 201-0024 [inhibit
plug with 18 inches (46 cm) leads]; and part number
201-0079 [inhibit plug with 36 inches (91 cm) leads].
INHIBIT
TERMINALS
Figure 16. INHIBIT Terminals
Operation
39
Decelerating to minimum speed
The switch shown in Figure 16 may be used to decelerate a
motor to a minimum speed. Closing the switch between S1 and S2
decelerates the motor from set speed to a minimum speed
determined by the MIN SPD trimpot setting. If the MIN SPD trimpot
is set full CCW, the motor decelerates to zero speed when the
switch between S1 and S2 is closed. The DECEL trimpot setting
determines the rate at which the drive decelerates. By opening the
switch, the motor accelerates to set speed at a rate determined by
the ACCEL trimpot setting.
Figure 17. Run/Decelerate to Minimum Speed Switch
40
Operation
Dynamic braking
Warning
For frequent starts and stops, short the inhibit terminals,
decelerate to a minimum speed, or apply a dynamic brake to
the motor. Do not use any of these methods for emergency
stopping. They may not stop a drive that is malfunctioning.
Removing AC line power (both L1 and L2) is the only
acceptable method for emergency stopping.
Frequent starting and stopping can produce high torque. This
may cause damage to motors, especially gearmotors that are
not properly sized for the application.
Dynamic braking may be used to rapidly stop a motor
(Figure 17, page 40). For the RUN/BRAKE switch, use a two pole,
two position switch rated for at least 125 VDC, 6 amps. For the
dynamic brake resistor, use a 40 watt minimum, high power,
wirewound resistor.
Sizing the dynamic brake resistor depends on load inertia, motor
voltage, and braking time. Use a lower-value, higher-wattage
dynamic brake resistor to stop a motor more rapidly. Refer to Table
4 (page 40) for recommended dynamic brake resistor sizes.
Note: Models MM23201, MM23211, and MM23501 incorporate
dynamic braking in their designs.
Operation
41
Table 4. Minimum Recommended Dynamic Brake
Resistor Values
Motor Armature
Voltage
90 VDC
180 VDC
Dynamic Brake
Resistor Value
15 ohms
30 ohms
For motors rated 1/17 horsepower and lower, a brake resistor is not
necessary since the armature resistance is high enough to stop the
motor without demagnetization. Replace the dynamic brake with
12-gauge wire.
Figure 18. Dynamic Brake Connection
42
Calibration
Warning
Dangerous voltages exist on the drive when it is powered.
When possible, disconnect the voltage input from the drive
before adjusting the trimpots. If the trimpots must be adjusted
with power applied, use insulated tools and the appropriate
personal protection equipment. BE ALERT. High voltages can
cause serious or fatal injury.
MM23000-series drives have user-adjustable trimpots. Each drive
is factory calibrated to its maximum current rating. Readjust the
calibration trimpot settings to accommodate lower current rated
motors.
All adjustments increase with CW rotation, and decrease with CCW
rotation. Use a non-metallic screwdriver for calibration. Each
trimpot is identified on the printed circuit board.
Calibration
43
MINIMUM SPEED (MIN SPD)
The MIN SPD trimpot establishes the motor speed obtained in
response to the minimum input signal. It is factory set for zero
speed.
To calibrate the MIN SPD pot, apply the minimum signal. Adjust the
MIN SPD trimpot until the motor runs at the desired speed or is just
at the threshold of rotation.
MAXIMUM SPEED (MAX SPD)
The MAX SPD setting determines the maximum motor speed when
the speed adjust potentiometer, or voltage input signal is set for
maximum forward speed. It is factory set for maximum rated motor
speed.
To calibrate MAX SPD:
1. Set the MAX SPD trimpot full CCW.
2. Set the speed adjust potentiometer or voltage input signal for
maximum forward speed.
3. Adjust MAX SPD until the desired maximum forward speed is
reached.
Note: Check the MIN SPD and MAX SPD adjustments after
recalibrating to verify that the motor runs at the desired minimum
and maximum speed.
44
Calibration
TORQUE
Warning
TORQUE should be set to 150% of motor nameplate current
rating. Continuous operation beyond this rating may damage
the motor. If you intend to operate beyond the rating, contact
your Minarik representative for assistance.
The TORQUE setting determines the maximum torque for
accelerating and driving the motor. To calibrate TORQUE, refer to
the recommended TORQUE settings in Figure 18 (page 45) or us
the following procedure:
1. With the power disconnected from the drive, connect a DC
ammeter in series with the armature.
2. Set the TORQUE trimpot to minimum (full CCW).
3. Set the speed adjust potentiometer to maximum speed
(full CW).
4. Carefully lock the motor armature. Be sure that the motor is
firmly mounted.
5. Apply line power. The motor should be stopped.
6. Slowly adjust the TORQUE trimpot CW until the armature
current is 150% of motor rated armature current.
7. Turn the speed adjust potentiometer CCW until the motor stops.
8. Remove line power.
9. Remove the stall from the motor.
10. Remove the ammeter in series with the motor armature if it is
no longer needed.
Calibration
45
IR COMPENSATION (IR COMP)
The IR COMP trimpot setting determines the degree to which
motor speed is held constant as the motor load changes. It is
factory set for optimum motor regulation.
Use the following procedure to recalibrate the IR COMP setting:
1. Set the IR COMP trimpot to minimum (full CCW).
2. Rotate the speed adjust potentiometer until the motor runs at
midspeed without load (for example, 900 RPM for an 1800 RPM
motor). A hand held tachometer may be used to measure
motor speed.
3. Load the motor armature to its full load armature current rating.
The motor should slow down.
4. While keeping the load on the motor, rotate the IR COMP
trimpot until the motor runs at the speed measured in step 2. If
the motor oscillates (overcompensation), the IR COMP trimpot
may be set too high (CW). Turn the IR COMP trimpot CCW to
stabilize the motor.
5. Unload the motor.
See Figure 18, for recommended IR COMP settings.
46
Calibration
Figure 19. Recommended Torque and IR COMP Settings
(actual settings may vary with each application)
Calibration
47
ACCELERATION (ACCEL)
The ACCEL setting determines the time the motor takes
to ramp to a higher speed. See Specifications on page 1 for
approximate acceleration times. ACCEL is factory set for the
fastest acceleration time (full CCW).
To set the acceleration time:
1. Set the speed adjust potentiometer full CCW. The motor
should run at minimum speed.
2. Turn the speed adjust potentiometer full CW and measure
the time it takes the motor to go from minimum to
maximum speed.
3. If the time measured in step 2 is not the desired acceleration
time, turn the ACCEL trimpot CW for a slower acceleration
time, or CCW for a faster acceleration time. Repeat steps 1
through 3 until the acceleration time is correct.
48
Calibration
DECELERATION (DECEL)
The DECEL setting determines the time the motor takes to ramp to
a lower speed. See Specifications on page 1 for approximate
deceleration times. DECEL is factory set for the fastest
deceleration time (full CCW).
To set the deceleration time:
1. Set the speed adjust potentiometer full CW. The motor should
run at maximum speed.
2. Turn the speed adjust potentiometer full CCW and measure the
time it takes the motor to go from maximum to minimum speed.
3. If the time measured in step 2 is not the desired deceleration
time, turn the DECEL trimpot CW for a slower deceleration time,
or CCW for a faster deceleration time. Repeat steps 1 through 3
until the deceleration time is correct.
49
Application Notes
Multiple fixed speeds
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with series resistors
with a total series resistance of 10K ohms (Figure 19). Add a single
pole, multi-position switch with the correct number of positions for
the desired number of fixed speeds.
Figure 20. Multiple Fixed Speeds
50
Application Notes
Adjustable speeds using potentiometers in
series
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with a single pole,
multi-position switch, and two or more potentiometers in series,
with a total series resistance of 10K ohms. Figure 20 shows a
connection for fixed high and low speed adjust potentiometers.
Figure 21. Adjustable Fixed Speeds Using
Potentiometers in Series
Application Notes
51
Independent adjustable speeds
Replace the speed adjust potentiometer with a single pole, multiposition switch, and two or more potentiometers in parallel, with a
total parallel resistance of 10K ohms. Figure 21 shows the
connection of two independent speed adjust potentiometers that
can be mounted at two separate operating stations.
Figure 22. Independent Adjustable Speeds
52
Application Notes
RUN/JOG switch
RUN/JOG switch option #1
Using a RUN/JOG switch is recommended in applications where
quick stopping is not needed and frequent jogging is required. Use
a single pole, two position switch for the RUN/JOG switch, and a
single pole, normally closed, momentary operated pushbutton for
the JOG pushbutton.
In the first wiring option, connect the RUN/JOG switch and JOG
pushbutton to the inhibit plug as shown in Figure 22. The motor
coasts to a stop when the RUN/JOG switch is set to JOG. Press
the JOG pushbutton to jog the motor. Return the RUN/JOG switch
to RUN for normal operation.
Figure 23. RUN/JOG Switch Connection to Inhibit Plug (Option #1)
Application Notes
53
RUN/JOG switch option #2
In the second wiring option, connect the RUN/JOG switch and the
JOG pushbutton as shown in the Figure 23. When the RUN/JOG
switch is set to JOG, the motor decelerates to minimum speed
(minimum speed is determined by the MIN SPD trimpot setting).
Press the JOG pushbutton to jog the motor. Return the RUN/JOG
switch to RUN for normal operation.
Figure 24. RUN/JOG Switch Connection to
Speed Adjust Potentiometer (Option #2)
54
Application Notes
Leader-follower application
In this application, use a PCM4 to monitor the speed of the
leader motor (Figure 24). The PCM4 isolates the leader motor from
the follower drive, and outputs a voltage proportional to the leader
motor armature voltage. The follower drive uses this voltage
reference to set the speed of the follower motor. An optional ratio
potentiometer may be used to scale the PCM4 output voltage.
Figure 25. Leader-Follower Application
Application Notes
55
Single speed potentiometer control of
multiple drives
Multiple drives can be controlled with a single speed adjust
potentiometer using a PCM4 at the input of each drive to provide
isolation (Figure 25). Optional ratio potentiometers can be used to
scale the PCM4 output voltage, allowing independent control of
each drive.
Figure 26. Single Speed Potentiometer Control of Multiple Drives
56
Application Notes
Reversing
A dynamic brake may be used when reversing the motor direction
(Figure 26). Use a three pole, three position switch rated for at
least the maximum DC armature voltage and maximum braking
current. Wait for the motor to stop completely before switching it to
either the forward or reverse direction. See the Dynamic braking
section, page 39, for recommended dynamic brake resistor sizes
Note: Model MM23501 is equipped with this reversing feature.
Figure 27. Reversing Circuit Connection
Application Notes
57
Reversing with a DIGI-LOK controller
A DIGI-LOK controller, model DLC600, can be used in a reversing
application. The DIGI-LOK must be inhibited while braking. Without
the inhibit feature, the DIGI-LOK will continue to regulate. This will
cause overshoot when the DIGI-LOK is switched back to the drive.
Figure 27 shows the connection of the reversing circuit to a
MM23000 series drive and to a DLC600. Note: Only one DLC
option (Optical Encoder or Magnetic Pickup) may be used at a
time.
Figure 28. Reversing with a DLC600
58
Troubleshooting
Warning
Dangerous voltages exist on the drive when it is powered.
When possible, disconnect the drive while troubleshooting.
High voltages can cause serious or fatal injury.
Before troubleshooting
Perform the following steps before starting any procedure in this
section:
1. Disconnect AC line voltage from the drive.
2. Check the drive closely for damaged components.
3. Check that no conductive or other foreign material has become
lodged on the printed circuit board.
4. Verify that every connection is correct and in good condition.
5. Verify that there are no short circuits or grounded connections.
6. Check that the voltage selection switch settings match the AC
line and output voltages.
7. Check that the drive’s rated armature and field outputs are
consistent with the motor ratings.
For additional assistance, contact your local Minarik Distributor, or
the factory direct at:
Tel.: 1-800-MINARIK (646-2745) or Fax: 1-800-394-6334
Troubleshooting
Problem
Line fuse blows.
Possible
Causes
59
Suggested
Solutions
1. Line fuse is the wrong
size.
1. Check that the line
fuse is correct for the
motor size.
2. Motor cable or
armature is shorted to
ground.
2. Check motor cable and
armature for shorts.
3. Nuisance tripping
caused by a
combination of ambient
conditions and highcurrent spikes (i.e.
reversing).
3. Add a blower to cool
the drive components;
decrease TORQUE
settings, or resize
motor and drive for
actual load demand, or
check for incorrectly
aligned mechanical
components or “jams”.
See page 43 for
information on
adjusting the TORQUE
trimpot.
60
Troubleshooting
Problem
Line fuse does not blow,
but the motor does not
run.
Possible
Causes
1. Speed adjust pot or
speed reference
voltage is set to zero
speed.
2. INHIBIT terminals are
jumpered.
Suggested
Solutions
1. Increase the speed
adjust pot or speed
reference voltage
etting.
2. Remove jumper from
the INHIBIT terminals.
3. Remove short.
3. S2 is shorted to S1.
4. Drive is in current limit.
4. Verify that motor is
not jammed. Increase
TORQUE setting if
they are set too low.
See page 43.
5. Drive is not receiving
AC line voltage.
5. Apply AC line voltage
to L1 and L2.
6. Motor is not connected.
6. Connect motor to A1
and A2.
Motor does not stop
when the speed adjust
potentiometer is full CCW.
MIN SPD setting is too
high.
Calibrate MIN SPD. See
page 42.
Motor runs in the opposite
direction (non-reversing
drives).
Motor connections to A1
and A2 are reversed.
Reverse connections to
A1 and A2.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Motor runs too fast.
Motor will not reach the
desired speed.
Motor pulsates or surges
under load.
Possible
Causes
61
Suggested
Solutions
1. MAX SPD and MIN
SPD are set too high.
1. Calibrate MAX SPD
and MIN SPD. See
page 42.
2. Motor field connections
are loose (shunt wound
motors only).
2. Check motor field
connections.
1. MAX SPD setting is
too low.
1. Increase MAX SPD
setting. See page 42.
2. IR COMP setting is too
low.
2. Increase IR COMP
setting. See page 44.
3. TORQUE setting is too
low.
3. Increase TORQUE
setting. See page 43.
4. Motor is overloaded.
4. Check motor load.
Resize the motor and
drive if necessary.
1. IR COMP is set too
high.
1. Adjust the IR COMP
setting slightly CCW
until the motor speed
stabilizes. See page
44.
2. Motor bouncing in and
out of current limit.
2. Make sure motor is not
undersized for load;
adjust TORQUE
trimpot CW. See page
43.
62
Troubleshooting
FIgure 29. MM23000 Series Block Diagram
Troubleshooting
FIgure 30. MM23101, MM23111, MM23401 and MM23411
Terminal Block Connections
63
64
Troubleshooting
FIgure 31. MM23201 and MM23211 Terminal Block Connections
Troubleshooting
Figure 32. MM23501 Terminal Block Connections
65
66
Troubleshooting
Replacement Parts
Replacement parts are available from Minarik Corporation and its
distributors for this drive series.
Table 5. Replacement Parts
Model No.
MM23001 and
MM23071
Symbol
SCR501, 502
D501-503
R501
T501
Description
800 V, 20 A SCR
800 V, 20 A Diode
0.01 OHM, 5 W Resistor
3FD-224-001 Transformer
10KΩ potentiometer kit
MM23011
Same as MM23001 except:
SCR501, 502
600 V, 8 A SCR
D501-503
600 V, 3 A Diode
R501
0.05 OHM, 5W Resistor
Minarik P/N
072-0043
071-0039
032-0129
230-0083
202-0031
072-0024
071-0007
032-0089
MM23101
Same as MM23001 except potentiometer kit, and including:
Case Bottom
223-0170
Case Cover
223-0169
240V Pilot Light
040-0043
10K OHM, 5W Potentiometer
120-0009
Knob
140-0013
DPST Power Switch
080-0037
15 A, 3AB Fuse
050-0018
MM23111
Same as MM23011 except potentiometer kit. Same as MM23101
except fuse. Include:
3 A, 3AG Fuse
050-0021
MM23201
Same as MM23101 except case cover, and including:
Case Cover
40 OHM, 40W Resistor
SW4
DPST Run/Brake Switch
SW5
DPST FWD/REV Switch
223-0168
032-0076
080-0037
080-0037
Troubleshooting
Table 5. Replacement Parts (continued)
Model No.
MM23211
Symbol
Description
Minarik P/N
Same as MM23011 except potentiometer kit. Same as MM23201
except fuse. Include:
20KΩ, 10W Resistor
032-0043
3 A, 3AG Fuse
050-0021
MM23411
Same as MM23011 except potentiometer kit, and including:
Knob
140-0013
240V Pilot Light
040-0043
DPST Power Switch
080-0037
Power Switch Boot
155-0078
10K OHM, 1/2 W Potentiometer 120-0009
3A 3AG Fuse
050-0021
Heat Sink
223-0182
Case
223-0104
MM23401
Same as MM23001 except pot kit. Same parts as MM23411
(knob,...,case) except fuse, and including:
15 A, 3AB Fuse
050-0018
MM23501
Same as MM23401 except heat sink and case, and including:
Heat Sink
223-0183
Case
223-0106
20 OHM, 40 W Resistor
032-0062
FWD/BRAKE/REV Switch
081-0037
Knob
140-0014
MM23072
Same as MM23071 except:
R501
0.05 OHM, 5W Resistor
032-0089
Same as MM23001 including:
SO503
Quick-Disconnect Header Block
Quick-Disconnect Plug
164-0211
160-0095
MM23001C-Q
67
68
CE Compliance
Minarik Corporation hereby certifies that its MM23000 series drives
have been approved to bear the “CE” mark provided the conditions
of approval have been met by the end user.
The MM23000 series has been tested to the following test
specifications:
EN55011:1991 (emissions), and
EN50082-1:1992 (immunity)
Compliance allows Minarik’s MM23000 series to bear the
CE mark.
The end user, as described herein, falls into one of two categories:
1. The Consumer will deploy a stand-alone unit as an
integral, yet external, portion of the machine being
operated.
2. The Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) will
implement the product as a component of the machine
being manufactured.
In addition to EMI/RFI safeguards inherent in the MM23000 series’
design, external filtering is required.
CE Compliance
69
Line filters
Minarik requires the Corcom® line filters listed below.
Table 6. Corcom® Filters
Nameplate Current of
Motor Wired to the Drive
0 to 4 amps
4.1 to 13 amps
Corcom® Filter
Part Number
6VV1
20VV1
If the exact line filter is not available, the specifications are as
follows:
L = (1.73 + 0.03) milliHenries.
C = (0.27 + 0.54) microFarads (X); 0.0055 microFarads (Y).
R = 330Kohms.
Rated current: 1.4 times maximum DC motor current.
Filter type: Balanced 2-section.
The line filters should be wired to the AC line within 0.25 meters of
the drive. The ground connection from the line filter must be wired
to solid earth ground (resistance less than 500 ohms); not machine
ground. This is very important!
If the end-user is using a CE-approved motor, the correct line filter
listed above is all that is necessary to meet the EMC directives
listed herein.
70
CE Compliance
Armature filters
If the end-user is not using a CE-approved motor, a second
filter on the armature must be used. It is Minarik’s CEXXMM. XX =
rated current of the filter. Minarik Filters are listed below.
Table 7. Minarik Filters
Nameplate Current of
Motor Wired to the Drive
0 to 4 amps
4.1 to 13 amps
Minarik Filter
Part Number
CE4MM
CE20MM
The filters listed above are Real-Pole Balanced-Pi 3-pole
filters. If the exact filter is not available, the specifications are
as follows:
L & L1 = 2 * (0.8) milliHenries.
C & C1 = 2 * (0.1) microFarads @ 400W VDC.
Rin = 0.1 ohm; Rout = 1.2 ohm.
The filters listed above must be wired to the DC output of the drive,
as close to the drive as possible.
CE Compliance
71
The end user must use the filters listed in this section to comply
with CE. The OEM may choose to provide alternative filtering that
encompasses the Minarik drive and other electronics within the
same panel.
The OEM has this liberty because CE is a machinery directive.
Whether or not every component in the OEM’s machinery meets
CE, the OEM must still submit his machine for CE approval.
Thus, no component must necessarily meet CE within the machine,
as long as the OEM takes the necessary steps to guarantee the
machine does meet CE. By the same token, even if every
component in the OEM’s machine does meet CE, the machine will
not necessarily meet CE as a machine.
Using CE-approved wiring practices (like proper shielding) and the
filters listed in this section help the drive meet EN55011 (1991
emissions standard) and EN50082-1 (1992 immunity standard).
72
NOTES
73
NOTES
74
NOTES
Unconditional Warranty
A. Warranty - Minarik Corporation (referred to as “the Corporation”) warrants that its
products will be free from defects in workmanship and material for twelve (12) months or
3,000 hours, whichever comes first, from date of manufacture thereof. Within this warranty
period, the Corporation will repair or replace, at its sole discretion, such products that are
returned to Minarik Corporation, 901 East Thompson Avenue, Glendale, CA 91201-2011
USA.
This warranty applies only to standard catalog products, and does not apply to specials. Any
returns for special controls will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. The Corporation is
not responsible for removal, installation, or any other incidental expenses incurred in
shipping the product to and from the repair point.
B. Disclaimer - The provisions of Paragraph A are the Corporation’s sole obligation and
exclude all other warranties of merchantability for use, express or implied. The Corporation
further disclaims any responsibility whatsoever to the customer or to any other person for
injury to the person or damage or loss of property of value caused by any product that has
been subject to misuse, negligence, or accident, or misapplied or modified by unauthorized
persons or improperly installed.
C. Limitations of Liability - In the event of any claim for breech of any of the Corporation’s
obligations, whether express or implied, and particularly of any other claim or breech of
warranty contained in Paragraph A, or of any other warranties, express or implied, or claim
of liability that might, despite Paragraph B, be decided against the Corporation by lawful
authority, the Corporation shall under no circumstances be liable for any consequential
damages, losses, or expense arising in connection with the use of, or inability to use, the
Corporation’s product for any purpose whatsoever.
An adjustment made under warranty does not void the warranty, nor does it imply an
extension of the original 12-month warranty period. Products serviced and/or parts replaced
on a no-charge basis during the warranty period carry the unexpired portion of the original
warranty only.
If for any reason any of the foregoing provisions shall be ineffective, the Corporation’s liability
for damages arising out of its manufacture or sale of equipment, or use thereof, whether
such liability is based on warranty, contract, negligence, strict liability in tort, or otherwise,
shall not in any event exceed the full purchase price of such equipment.
Any action against the Corporation based upon any liability or obligation arising hereunder
or under any law applicable to the sale of equipment or the use thereof, must be commenced
within one year after the cause of such action arises.
Other drives from Minarik Corporation:
DLC600
PCM20000 Series
MM-PCM Series
XP Series
(AC or DC Input)
901 E Thompson Avenue
Glendale, CA 91201-2011
Tel.: 1-800-MINARIK (646-2745)
Fax: 1-800-394-6334
www.minarikcorp.com
Document number 250–0091, Revision 5
Printed in the U.S.A – 10/01
North America $12.00, Outside North America $15.00