Craftsman 113.234700 Owner`s manual

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owner's
manual
MODEL NO.
113.234700
81/4-1NCH
RADIAL SAW
Serial
Number
Model and serial numbers
may be found at the
rear of the base.
You shouicl record both
model and serial number in
a safe place for future use.
FOR YOUR
SAFETY:
READ ALL
INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY
SEARS / CRRFTSM RN®
81/4-INCH
RADIAL SAW
• assembly
• operation
• repair parts
\
i/
Sold by SEARS, ROEBUCK AND CO., Chicago,
Part No. SP5300
IL 60684
U.S.A.
Printed
in U.S.A
Table of Contents
Section Title
Safety
..........................
Page
.........................................
Assembly
3
......................................
Controls
12
.......................................
Alignment
and Adjustment
Electrical Connections
Crosscutting
Ripping
24
............................
28
...............................
39
.....................................
40
.......................................
Cutting Aides
Accessories
....................................
63
.....................................
Maintenance
67
....................................
Troubleshooting
Repair Parts
50
69
..................................
73
.....................................
78
Index .........................................
87
FULL ONE YEAR WARRANTY
ON CRAFTSMAN
RADIAL ARM SAW
If within one year from the date of purchase, this Craftsman Radial Saw fails due
to a defect in material or workmanship,
Sears will repair it, free of charge.
WARRANTY
SERVICE IS AVAILABLE BY SIMPLY
NEAREST SEARS SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT
UNITED STATES.
This warranty
applies
only while this product
This warranty gives you specific
which vary from state to state.
SEARS,
ROEBUCK
CONTACTING
THE
THROUGHOUT
THE
is used in the United
States.
legal rights and you may also have other rights
AND CO. DEPT. 698/731A
CHICAGO, IL 60684
SEARS TOWER,
Safety
This manual has safety information
and
instructions
to help users eliminate or
reduce the risk of accidents and injuries,
including:
1. Severe cuts, and loss of fingers or
other body parts due to contact with the
blade
2. Eye impact injuries, and blindness,
from being hit by a thrown workpiece,
workpiece chips or pieces of blade
3. Bodily impact injuries, broken bones,
and internal organ damage from being
hit by a thrown workpiece
Major Hazards
Three major hazards are associated with
using the radial arm saw for ripping.
They are outfeed zone hazard, kickback,
and wrong way feed. This section only
briefly explains these hazards. Read the
ripping and crosscutting safety sections
for more detailed explanations of these
and other hazards.
Outfeed
Zone Hazard
4. Shock or electrocution
,_DANGER
5. Burns.
Safety Symbol and Signal
Words
An exclamation mark inside a triangle is
the safety alert symbol.
It is used to draw attention to safety information in the manual and on the saw.
It is$ollowed by a signal word,
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION,
which tells the level of risk:
DANGER: means if the safety information is not followed someone will be
seriously injured or killed.
_ WARNING: means if the safety information is not followed someone
could be seriously injured or killed.
CAUTION: means if the safety information is not followed someone may
be injured.
Read and follow the safety information
and instructions.
If you reach around the blade to the outfeed side when ripping, and try to hold
down or pull the workpiece through to
complete a cut, the rotational force of
the blade will pull your hand back into
the blade.
Fingers
will be cut off.
Read and follow the information
instructions
under ripping
safety.
and
Safety
Kickback Hazard
Kickback
is the uncontrolled
of the workpiece
during ripping.
propelling
back toward the user
The cause of kickback
is the binding
kWARNING
or
pinching of the blade in the workpiece.
Several conditions can cause the blade
to bind or pinch.
KICKBACKI!I_
When a workpiece
kicks back, it can hit
hard enough to cause internal organ
injury, broken bones, or death.
Read and follow the information
instructions
and
under Hpping safety.
Wrong Way Feed Hazard
Wrong way feed is ripping by feeding
the workpiece into the outfeed side of
the blade.
kWARNING
The rotational force of the blade will
grab and pull the workpiece.
Before you can let go or pull back, the
force can pull your hand along with the
workpiece into the blade. Fingers or
hand could be cut off.
The propelled workpiece could hit a bystander, causing severe impact injury or
death.
Read and follow the information
instructions
under ripping
safety.
and
Wrong Way Feed
Safety
Safety Instructions
Read and follow these safety instructions.
Personal Safety Instructions
1. Wear safety goggles labeled "ANSI
Z87.1" on the package. It means the goggles meet impact standards set by the
American National Standards Institute.
Regular eyeglasses are not safety goggles.
2. Wear closefitting clothes, short
sleeved shirts, and non-slip shoes. Tie
up long hair. Do not wear gloves, ties,
jewelry, loose clothing, or long sleeves.
These can get caught in the spinning
blade and pull body parts into the blade.
Safety Goggles
Dust Mask
3. Wear dust mask to keep from inhaling fine particles.
4. Wear ear protectors,
you use saw daily.
plugs or muffs if
5. Keep good footing and balance; do
not over-reach.
Ear Protectors
Work Area Safety Instructions
1. Keep children, pets, and visitors out
of work area.
Safety
2. Turn saw off, remove yellow key, and
unplug before leaving work area. Do
not leave saw until blade has stopped
spinning.
3. Make work area child-proof: remove
yellow key to prevent accidental startup; store key out of sight and reach;
lock work area.
4. Keep floors clean and free of sawdust, wax and other slippery materials.
5. Keep work area well lighted and uncluttered.
6. Use saw only in dry area. Do not use
in wet or damp areas.
7. Keep saw table clean and clear of all
objects except workpiece to be cut and
necessary fixtures, damps, or featherboards before turning saw on.
8. Do not layout, assemble, or setup
work with saw on, or while blade is spinning.
9. Store items away from saw. Do not
climb on saw or stand on saw table to
reach items because saw can tip over.
Saw Safety Instructions
1. Use guard, hold down, pawls and
spreader according to instructions.
Keep them in working order.
2. Routinely check saw for broken or
damaged parts. Repair or replace
damaged parts before using saw. Check
new or repaired parts for alignment,
binding, and correct mounting.
Direction
of Feed
6
Safety
3. Unplug saw before doing maintenance, making adjustments, correcting
alignment, or changing blades.
4. Do not force saw. Use saw, blades
and accessories only as intended.
5. Have yellow key out and saw switched
"off' before plugging in power cord.
6. Cut only wood, woodlike or plastic
materials. Do not cut metal.
7. Secure saw to workbench,
leg set.
table, or
8. Lock all locks before moving saw to a
new location.
9. If blade jams, turn saw off immediately, remove yellow key, wait for blade
to stop spinning, then free blade. Do
not try to free blade with saw on.
10. Turn saw off if it vibrates too much
or makes an odd sound. Correct any
problem before restarting saw.
Safety
Workpiece
Safety Instructions
1. Cut only one workpiece at a time. Do
not stack workpieces or lay them edge
to edge.
2. Rip only workpieces longer than the
diameter of the blade. Do not rip
workpieces that are shorter than the
diameter of the blade being used.
3. Workpieces that extend beyond the
saw table can shift, twist, rise up from
the table, or fall as they are cut or afterwards. Support workpiece with table extensions the same height as the saw
table.
4. To prevent tipping, support outer
ends of extensions with sturdy legs or an
outrigger.
5. Other persons can be hit by a thrown
workpiece, workpiece chips or pieces of
blade. Do not allow other persons in the
work area.
6. Do not use another person to help
support workpieces or to aid by pushing
or pulling on workpieces, because these
actions can cause kickback. Use table
extensions.
7. Use clamps or vice to hold workpiece.
It's safer than using your hands.
I
8
Safety
Blade Safety Instructions
1. Use only blades marked for at least
5500rpm.
2. Use only blades 8v4 inches in
diameter.
3. Use blades for their recommended
cutting procedures.
4. Keep blade sharp and clean.
On-Product
5. Do not overtighten nut when securing
blade to saw because blade collar could
warp.
6. Do not turn saw on and off in rapid sequence because blade can loosen.
7. Blade should stop within 15 seconds
after saw is switched "off'. If blade takes
longer than 15 seconds to stop, the saw
needs repair. Contact Sears Service Center.
Safety Labels
There are several safety labels on the
saw. They alert the user to hazards explained in the manual and remind the
user how to avoid the hazard.
Note where they are located on the saw.
Read and follow the safety information
and instructions
in these labels. Refer
to the manual for detailed explanations
and instructions.
DANGER
TO AVOID
INJURY DO NOT
FEED MATERIAL
INTO CUTTING
TOOL FROM
THIS END
On the outfeed side of the guard are
these two safety labels to alert you to
wrong way feed:
Safety
_I_WARNING
On the infeed side of the guard is this
safety label to alert you to kickback:
KICKBACKIII_
_IkDANGER
On the side surface of the motor, visible
from the infeed side when the saw is in
a rip position, is this safety label to alert
you to outfeed zone hazard:
DANGER
On the bottom surface of the motor,
visible when the blade is horizontal is
this safety label to alert you to unguarded molding head:
10
Safety
ILWARNING
Near the saw handle is this safety label
to alert you to thrown objects and to
remind you to wear safety goggles:
On the top of the radial arm is this
general safety instruction label:
1. Read manual before using saw.
2. Wear safety goggles that meet
ANSI Z87.1 Standards.
3. Do not do freehand
cuts.
4. Push carriage to full rear position
after each cross cut.
5. Know how to reduce the risk of
kickback. See instructions for
ripping.
6. When ripping, use push stick when
blade is set 2 inches or more from fence.
7. When ripping, use push block and
auxiliary fence when blade is set
between 1/2 and 2 inches from fence.
Do not make rip cuts narrower
1/2inch.
than
8. Keep hands out of path of blade.
9. Do not reach around
saw blade.
10. Turn power off and wait for blade to
stop before adjusting or servicing.
11
Assembly
It is important for your safety and to get
accurate cuts that you put the saw
together according to these instructions.
Identifying
Parts
The following parts are included:
Note: Before beginning assembly, check
that all parts are included. If you are missing any part do not assemble saw. Contact your Sears Service Center or Retail
Store and get the missing part. Sometimes
small parts can get lost in packaging
material Do not throw away any packaging until saw is put together. Check packaging for missing parts before contacting
Sears. A complete parts list (Repair
Parts) is at the end of the manual. Use
the list to identify the number of the missing part.
A. Radial Arm ................................. 1
B. Blade Carriage ............................ 1
C. Base .............................................. 1
D. Side Frame .................................. 2
E. Table Support ............................. 2
F. Front Stiffener ............................. 1
G. Rear Table .................................. 1
H. Spacer Table ................. .............. 1
I. Rip Fence ...................................... 1
J. Front Table ................................... 1
K_Dust Elbow .................................. 1
12
Assembly
B
A
C
D
M
F
E
H
N
"e4_
©
The following hardware is included:
A. Phillips Pan Head Screw, 1/4"
G. Lock Washer, Y16"diameter.... 12
diameter by 1" .................................. 4
H. Lock Washer, _" diameter ....... 4
B. Carriage Bolt, _6" diameter
I. Nut, _46"....................................... 12
by 3/4".................................................. 4
J. Nut, 1/4"........................................... 4
C. Carriage Bolt, _/16"diameter
K. Yellow Key .................................. 1
by ld".................................................. 4
L. Table Clamp Screw ..................... 2
D. Truss head bolt, Y16"diameter
M. Table Clamp Washer ................ 2
bye" .................................................. 4
N. Blade Wrench ............................. 2
E. Flat Washer, Yt6"diameter ...... 12
F. Flat Washer, v4"diameter .......... 4
O. Rip Scale Indicator .................... 2
P. Grease Packet .............................. 1
13
Assembly
Tools Needed for Assembly
and Alignment
.
i
I
F
..t
,
:
..i
i
1
Framing Square
__x
1/r
3/8' Wrench
12-Inch Comblnetlon
Wrench
Hex Wrench
3/16" Hex Wrench
Square
7/16 _ Wrench
1/2" Wrench
Screwddver
#2 Phillips
3/4" Wrench
J
1]
_
_
.__
Assembly
Follow
Socket Wrench
Socket Extension
1/'Z' Socket
Steps
these steps in order.
WARNING:
Bilu
Plugging
in saw during assembly
can result in electrical
shock, or
severe cuts from contact with spinning blade.
Do not plug in saw at any time
during assembly.
Plug in saw only
when it is to be used.
Base Assembly
1. Set out:
-base
-two side frames
-four carriage bolts, s/16"diameter by 3/4"
-four s'16"diameter flat washers
-four s/16"diameter lock washers
-four _/_6"diameter nuts.
Carriage Bolt
5/16" Hex Nut
14
5/16"
5/16"
Flat Washer
Lock Washer
Assembly
2. Position base so that edge is offwork
surface.
3. From inside surface, put carriage bolt
through slot in base and hold in place at
highest point.
Table Clamp
Screw Mount
Notch
4. Slide side frame into place on base so
that table clamp screw mount fits into
notch on side frame.
5. On end of bolt put fiat washer, then
lock washer, then nut and finger tighten.
Note: Later in assembly, these will be
wrench tightened.
6. Repeat for other slot of base.
7. Repeat for other side frame.
8. Set out:
-front stiffener
-four truss head bolts _/16"diameter
bye"
-four sh6" diameter
-four 5/16"diameter
-four s'16"diameter
flat washers
lock washers
nuts.
5116" Hex Nut
9. Place front stiffener between side
frames so that tabs of stiffener stay on
inside of side frames.
10. Put bolt through hole in front stiffener tab and through side frame.
11. On end of bolt put flat washer,
lock washer, then nut and wrench
tighten.
5116" x 518"
Truss Head Bolt
Side Frame
5/16"
Lock Washer
_
_
)
]
5/16"
Flat Washer
then
12. Repeat for other 3 holes.
Front Stiffener
15
Assembly
Blade Carriage
Assembly
Do Not Remove
These Screws
to Radial Arm
Carriage
Bearings
Note: It may be easier to do this assembly
with the parts still in the box because they
are connected by a cord,"otherwise you
may need help to lift both parts out of the
box at the same time.
Stop
Screw
FrontTrim
1. Set out:
-radial arm
-blade carriage.
Radial Arm
BladeCarriage
2. Look inside arm towards
switch hous-
ing to locate two screws that hold front
trim to switch housing. Remove these
two screws and front trim.
Front Trim
WARNING
Do not remove screws
radial
arm.
Removal
on top of
of these
screws affects integrity
assembly and can create
cal hazard.
of switch
an electri-
Front
Switch
Carriage
Stop
Bumper
Radial Arm
Screwa
3. Use 9/64"hex wrench to remove front
carriage stop screw and bumper from
end of arm.
4. Use v2"wrench to loosen carriage
stop screw on top of radial ann about
3/4"(enough to let blade carriage clear
when inserted).
16
Assembly
5. Position
radial arm so that arm is
straight up in air. Lift blade
saw handle.
carriage
by
r
CAUTION:
i
Blade is exposed.
6. Slide blade carriage onto radial arm,
so that carriage bearings fit into radial
arm track. Note: In correct orientation,
single bearing is on left, two bearings are
on right as you look down radial arm.
Rip
Lock
Lock
7. Push rip lock clockwise to lock blade
carriage in place on radial arm.
8. Re-install front carriage stop screw
and bumper, making sure that nut is still
in bumper and that larger opening of
bumper faces switch housing. Wrench
tighten.
Front
Carriage
Stop Screw
il
Larger
Opening
9. Re-install
front trim.
10. Wrench tighten carriage
on top of radial arm.
stop screw
17
Assembly
Radial Arm to Base Assembly
Miter
Lock
Unlock
1. Back out column retaining screw
from base enough so column can clear
when inserted.
2. Unlock miter lock. Pull out miter
index pin and turn 90° to lock out.
3. Get grease packet. Being careful of
sharp edges which may be present in
base opening, evenly spread grease
around inside of base opening. Notice
shoulder at bottom of base.
Column
Retaining
Screw
4. Insert column into base opening,
pushing down until colunm goes all the
way down to rest on shoulder at bottom
of base.
__?_11;_
5. Wrench tighten column retaining
screw.
6. Turn miter index pin 90° to allow it to
engage indexed position.
7. Lock miter lock.
18
Base
Opening
Assembly
Making
Radial Arm Parallel to Frame
The radial arm must be parallel to the
frame so that when lowered onto the
table, the blade will be the same distance from the table at all points.
1. Lock miter lock.
2. Unlock rip lock. Pull blade carriage
to mid-way position along radial arm.
Lock rip lock.
3. Lift front end of radial arm and slide
front table between radial arm and
frame, towards rear. Note: To make adequate clearance, you might have to raise
radial arm by turning elevation handle.
!
4. Continue to support front end of
radial arm while using elevation handle
to lower radial arm until it just rests on
edge of front table. Note: You will have
to remove table without changing radial
arm elevation.
5. Leave front table in place. Wrench
tighten, until just snug, front bolt on
each side where side frame attaches to
base.
6. Without changing elevation of radial
arm, remove front table.
19
Assembly
7. Lift front end of radial arm and slide
front table between radial arm and
frame, towards front. Do not let table
edges rest in notches of side frame.
8. Leave front table in place. Wrench
tighten rear bolt on each side where
side frame attaches to base.
9. Further tighten front bolt.
10. Remove front table.
11. Check that distance between radial
arm and frame is approximately same at
front and rear. Re-adjust if necessary.
Rear
Bolt
Front
Bolt
Table Support
Table Support Assembly
1. Set out:
-two table supports
-four carriage bolts
-four s56" diameter
-four s/t6"diameter
-four s/t6"diameter
s46"diameter by _"
flat washers
lock washers
nuts.
_5/16"
x 1/2"
Carriage Bolt
G Q
5116"
Flat Washer
20
5/16"
Lock Washer
5116" Hex Nut
Assembly
2. Place table support against side frame
so that rectangular openings line up
with square openings in side frame, and
narrow edge is on top and outside.
Table Support
Side Frame
3. Put bolt through square opening in
side frame from inside surface.
4. On end of bolt put fiat washer, then
lock washer, then nut and finger tighten.
Note: Later, in alignment, these will be
wrench tightened.
5. Repeat for other opening.
6. Repeat for other table support.
Front Table Assembly
1. Set out:
-front table
-four phillips pan
diameter by r'
-four v4"diameter
-four v4"diameter
-four 1/4"diameter
head screws v4"
fiat washers
lock washers
nuts.
Pan Head Screw
©
1/4"
Lock Washer
1/4"
Flat Washer
©
1/4" Hex Nut
21
Assembly
2. Place table so that larger holes face
up. Align table over middle and front
holes in table supports. Note: Table will
extend over front edge of frame.
Larger
3. Drop flat washer into each hole, then
insert screw. From underneath surface,
on end of each screw put lock washer,
then nut. Hold in place and tighten with
screw driver.
I
Miter Lock Assembly
The miter lock is factory assembled, but
it may need adjustment. Follow these
steps to see if adjustment is needed and
how to make adjustment.
1. Pull out miter index pin and turn 90°
to lock out.
2. Unlock miter lock. It should feel
loose when unlocked. Move radial arm
through miter range. It should move
freely.
3. Lock miter lock. It should feel tight
when locked. Try to move radial arm
through miter range. It should not
move.
Miter Lock
4. If step 3 is not met, remove screw and
nut retainer. Tighten nut as needed.
Replace nut retainer and screw. Repeat
steps 2, 3, and 4 until lock is adjusted.
5. Turn miter index pin 90° to allow it to
engage 0° indexed position. Rotate
miter scale to line up 0 with arrow.
22
Miter Index
Pin
Opening
Up
Assembly
Install Rip Scale Indicators, Table
Clamp Screws, and Dust Elbow
1. Set out:
-two
-two
-two
-dust
Radial Arm
/
rip scale indicators
table clamp screws
table clamp washers
elbow.
. Rip Scale
Indicator
Blade
Carriage
2. Slide one indicator onto each side of
blade carriage.
Table Clamp
Screw
Table Clamp
Screw Mount
/
Table Clamp
Washer
3. From rear, screw table clamp screws
through holes in table clamp mounts,
until screw protrudes enough to tap on
washer. Note: Concave side of washer
faces table edge.
4. Push dust elbow onto opening on top
of guard.
Dust Elbow
You cannot use the saw until it is
aligned. Go to Alignment and Adjustment Section and follow all instructions. It may be helpful to read the
Controls Section before proceeding
with alignment and adjustment.
23
Controls
Rip Lock
On-Off Switch
Rip Scale
\
Rip Indicator
Bevel Index Pin
Yellow Key
Q
Bevel Lock
Control
Pun_on
Operation/Comment_
On-off Switch
Turns motor on/off
Pull on, push off
Requires yellow key
Yellow
Allows saw to be switched on
Insert into on-off switch,
remove after turning saw off
Lowers/raises
Turn clockwise
counterclockwise
Key
Elevation
Handle
radial arm
Rip Scale and
Rip Indicator
Tells distance between blade
Rip Lock
Frees carriage to move along
radial arm; locks at desired
position
and fence when saw is in rip
position
to lower,
to raise
Move blade carriage along
arm to align line on indicator
with desired number on scale
Move clockwise
counterclockwise
to lock,
to unlock
Lock before ripping
Bevel Lock
Frees motor to rotate;
locks in desired position
Pull to unlock, push to lock
Works in combination whh
bevel index pin
Bevel Index Pin
After bevel lock is unlocked,
allows motor to rotate to indexed positions at 0O,45°, 90°
Push to right and hold while
rotating motor, then release.
Then lock bevel lock
24
Controls
Swivel Index
Pin
Swivel Lock
Miter Index Pin
I
Miter
Q
i_
Lock
o
Table Clamp
Screw
Operation/Comments
Swivel Lock
Frees blade carriage to rotate
between tip and crosscut position; locks in place
Pull to unlock; push to lock
Works with swivel index pin
Swivel Index Pin
After swivel lock is unlocked,
allows carriage to rotate to indexed positions for crosscut,
in-tip, out-rip
Push down and hold while
Frees radial arm and column
to rotate into desired miter
Move clockwise to lock,
counterclockwise to unlock
Works with miter index pin
Miter Lock
position
rotating carriage, then release
Then lock swivel lock
Miter Index Pin
Locks radial arm and column
in indexed miter positiom at
0", 22.5* tight and left, and 45 °
tight; allows arm to be set at
any miter position
Pull out and hold while
moving arm to any indexed
position, then release. To set
to a non-indexed position,
pull out, turn 90° and release
to lock out; move arm to any
miter position
Then lock miter lock
Table Clamp
Screw
Frees table sections to allow
fence changing
Turn clockwise to tighten,
counterclockwise
to loosen
25
Controls
\
Pawls/Spreader
Lock
Spreader Nut
Operztion/Comment_
Pawls/spreader
Lock
Frees pawls/spreader
to desired position
to move
Move counterclockwise to -unlock, clockwise to lock
Set pawls/spreader before rip-
ping
Pawl_spreader
Reduce kickback by keeping
kerr open (spreader function); Slow or stop kickback
by digging into workpiece
(pawls function)
Set as unit. See ripping set-up
for details and illustrations.
With blade in table kerf,
place workpiece alongside
blade so part of it extends
beyond pawls.
Move unit until pawl rests
level on workpiece and
spreader hangs below
workpiece surface, in line
with blade, then lock.
Test by pulling workpiece in
kickback direction to see that
pawls grab into and stop
workpiece. Re-set if needed.
Set pawls/spreader before ripping
Spreader
Frees spreader to move side
to side
Loosen to make adjustment,
Nut
then
tighten
Spreader must be in line with
blade. If it is not, kickback can
Occur
26
Controls
, Hold Down Lock
Hold Down
Hold Down Lock
Hold
Down
FuneHon
Operation/Comment
Frees hold down to move to
Move counterclockwise
desired position; locks in
place
unlock, clockwise to lock
Set hold down before ripping
Keeps workpiece from fluttering; acts as partial barrier to
blade; acts as sawdust deflector
With blade in table kerr and
workpiece against blade,
move hold down until it just
dears workpiece, then lock
Set hold down before ripping
to
27
Alignment
and Adjustment
The saw and blade must be aligned
rectly for two reasons:
1) to make
cor-
cuts accurate
2) to prevent binding of the blade and
workpiece, which can cause jams, kickbacks, or thrown workpieces.
Alignment
Steps
and Adjustment
The following adjustments
must be
made in order before using the saw for
the first time. If you miss an adjustment,
you must go back, make the missed adjustment,
and repeat all steps from that
point on.
_WARNING:
Plugging in saw during alignment
can result in severe cuts from contact with spinning
Do not plug in
during alignment
Plug In saw only
used.
blade.
saw at any time
or adjustment.
when it is to be
These adjustments
are like fine tuning a
piece of equipment.
Often, a series of
steps must be repeated more than once
in order to get the adjustment
fight.
Checking
Framing Square
This Edge Must
Be Straight
/
r
LL
You will need the tools listed in the Assembly section. Before you start, make
sure the framing square is true.
....
--
!
I
I
I
Draw Light
Line On Board
Along
I
This Edge _
/
Should Be No Gap Or Overlap Here When
Square Is Flipped Over In Dotted Position
28
Alignment and Adjustment
Adjusting
Carriage
Bearings
Adiustable
Carriage.
Bearing \
"_
Front Carriage
Bearing
The goal of this adjustment is to
eliminate looseness between the carriage bearings and the radial arm. The
blade carriage should roll freely along
the entire length of the radial arm, but
with some resistance.
1. Unlock rip lock and push blade carriage to rearward position.
2. Grasp front carriage bearing between
thumb and index finger. Apply force to
bearing and at same time, pull blade carriage forward. If you can stop bearing
from turning while carriage is moving,
bearing needs adjustment--go
to step 3.
If you cannot stop bearing from turning
while carriage is moving, no adjustment
is needed.
3. Unlock swivel lock, press and hold
swivel index pin to set blade to out-rip
position (motor toward rear). Release
swivel index pin and lock swivel lock.
Access
Hole
Swivel
Index
j
3116" Hex Wrench
Adjustable
Carriage
Bearing Screw
4. Push blade carriage to rear. Insert aSd'
hex wrench into access hole in top of
radial arm. Look up under radial arm
and pull blade carriage forward until
hex wrench lines up with and fits into adjustable carriage bearing screw. Lock
rip lock.
29
Alignment
and Adjustment
3/16" Hex
5. Hold hex wrench in place and use vz"
socket wrench to loosen nut on underside of carriage just enough to allow adjustable carriage beating screw to turn.
(Nut is accessible through hole in direct
line with hex wrench.)
Wrench
__
___
6. Turn adjustable carriage bearing
screw partial turn to take up looseness.
7. Hold hex wrench in place and tighten
nut.
8. Put saw in crosscut position, lock
swivel lock, and repeat steps I and 2.
Adjusting
Column
Support
The combined goal of this adjustment is
a) to eliminate movement (looseness)
between the column and ann support,
and b) to make raising and lowering the
radial arm a smooth and firm action.
1. Index arm at 0° miter position and
lock miter lock.
2. Use elevation handle to raise radial
arm to maximum height. If elevation
handle is difficult to turn, slightly loosen
gib adjustment screw and 1/2-13hex bolt.
Arm Suppo_
3. Hold end of radial arm with one
hand, and place fingers of other hand
against column and arm support.
4. Feel for movement between column
and arm support as you push radial arm
up and down. If there is movement, go
to step 5. If there is no movement, go to
step 6.
5. If you have not already done so, slightly loosen gib adjustment screw. Slightly
tighten _-13 hex bolt. Repeat steps 3
and 4.
3O
Gib
Adjustment
Screw
1/2"-13
Hex
Bolt
Column
_._
--""
Alignment and Adjustment
6. Use elevation handle to raise and
lower radial arm a few turns in each
direction. Movement should be smooth
but firm. If movement seems difficult,
slightly loosen 1/2-13hex bolt.
Arm Suppo_
7. Position hands as in step 3. Feel for
movement between column and arm
support as you push radial arm side to
side. If there is movement, slightly
tighten gib adjustment screw. If there is
no movement, go to step 8.
8. Use elevation handle to raise and
lower radial arm a few turns to make
sure this movement is still smooth and
firm. If movement is difficult, slightly
loosen gib adjustment screw.
Gib
Adjustment
Screw
11
1/2"-13
Hex
Bolt
Column
9. Re-check for up and down and side to
side movement between column and
arm support. Adjustment is finished
when radial arm raises and lowers
smoothly, and there is no movement between arm support and column.
Leveling the Front Table
The goal in leveling the front table is to
make the clearance between the blade
and table the same at all points.
1. Unlock rip lock and pull blade carriage out to end of radial arm.
2. Unlock miter lock. Pull out miter
index pin and turn it 90° to lock it out.
\
3. Use elevation handle to slowly lower
radial arm until blade is just above table.
4. Find out which point of table is
highest by positioning blade, in turn,
over each of four holes in table top.
t
\
\
\
!
\
31
Alignment
and Adjustment
5. Start with blade over highest point of
table as found in step 4. Rotate blade by
hand and use elevation handle to slowly
lower radial arm until one tooth just
touches table. Mark this tooth.
6. Tighten table support bolt that is in
line with blade. (If blade is over rear
table hole, tighten rear table support
bolt on that side.)
7. Without changing elevation of radial
arm, position blade over other hole on
same side of table.
O
Front
Bolt
8. Raise table support until table just
touches marked blade tooth. Tighten
table support bolt that is in line with
blade. (If blade is over rear table hole,
tighten rear table support bolt on that
side.)
Table Support
Rear
Bolt
9. Repeat steps 7 and 8 for holes on
other side of table.
10. Check for equal clearance at all
points between blade and table. Re-adjust table supports as needed.
11. Rest level on radial arm. If needed,
put shim under front frame to make saw
slant slightly toward rear.
£k WARNING:
Saw must slant slightly toward rear
to keep blade carriage from rolling
forward.
Whenever saw is moved, check to
be sure it is slightly lower in rear.
12. Bolt frame to mounting surface.
(These bolts are not provided.)
32
I
- o(-0
\
Shlm
Alignment and Adjustment
Squaring
Blade Crosscut
swivo,
Travel
The goal of this adjustment is to make
accurate crosscuts. To do so, the blade
must travel along the radial arm, perpendicular to the fence, otherwise,
there will be a slight miter angle in all
crosscuts.
1. Set radial arm to 0° miter (crosscut)
position. Turn miter index pin 90° and
release it to index arm. Lock miter lock.
Check that bevel and swivel locks are
locked.
F_"_ II_._zlr t_'_ --. _'_-SX.lf
I
Miter Lock
........
2. Position blade slightly above rear
edge of front table.
3. P_lace square on front table, so that
long side of square is off rear edge of
table, and short side of square just
touches a blade tooth. Mark this tooth.
4. Move blade carriage all along radial
arm to see if marked tooth just touches
square at all points. If it does, no adjustment is needed. If tooth moves into or
away from square, go to step 5.
5. Slightly loosen four screws on arm
near elevation handle. Move arm to
make adjustment. Tighten screws.
Repeat step 4.
Framing Square
€=,
Loosen These
Four Screws
Elevation
Handle
Radial Arm
33
Alignment
Squaring
and Adjustment
Plate
Blade to Table
The goal of this adjustment
is to make
the blade perpendicular
to the table so
that cuts will be accurate; otherwise all
cuts will have a slight bevel angle. The
bevel scale will also be adjusted.
Cover
Plate
1. Position blade carriage so that rear 3/4
of blade is beyond rear edge of front
table. Lock rip lock.
2. Loosen
coverplate
coverplate screw and rotate
out of way.
_""_
Square
Rear Edge
of Front Table
3. Rest combination
square on table and
against blade so that short edge of
square rests on table and long edge rests
against blade. Make sure edge of square
is against blade surface, not on a tooth.
4. Look to see if space between blade
and square stays same at all points.
Check different points along blade surface by making quarter turns and looking for gaps each time. If space stays
same at all points, no adjustment is
needed--go to step 7. If space varies, go
to step 5.
Combination
Right
Combination
Square
Table
Wrong
Combination
Wrong
_]
Square_l_
I
'
Table
C°sb_nati°n__
n
t.
I
Table
5. Use 3/16"hex wrench to loosen socket
head screws on either side of saw handle, behind bevel scale. (Make sure bevel
lock stays locked.) Make adjustment by
turning motor. Note: Not all blades are
perfectly flat. Find best position for whole
blade. Tighten screws.
Socket
Head
6. Repeat steps 3 and 4.
7. Use 3/16'' hex wrench to slightly loosen
screw in saw handle. Slightly loosen
small screw below saw handle. Rotate
bevel scale to line up 0 with arrow.
Tighten screws.
Loosen
These Screws
To Adjust
Bevel Scale
34
Alignment and Adjustment
Table Clamp
Screw
Squaring Blade to Fence
The goal in setting the blade perpendicular to the fence is to reduce the risk
of kickback when ripping. This adjustment will also reduce splintering of the
workpiece and burning of the kerr
during ripping and crosscutting.
1. Insert rip fence, then table spacer,
then rear table, and tighten in place
with table clamp screws.
/
Rear Table
Io
/
Table Spacer /
J
/
Rip Fence
2 Position blade carriage in front of
fence and lock rip lock.
3. Place combination square so that
short edge is against fence and table,
and long edge is against flat surface of
blade, just below blade collar. Make
sure edge of square is against blade surface, not on a tooth.
Right
Fence
Combination
4. Look to see if space between blade
and square stays same at all points.
Check different points along blade surface by making quarter turns, and looking for gaps each time. If space stays
same at all points, no adjustment is
needed-go to step 7. If space varies, go
to step 5.
Square
Wrong
Combination
Combination
Square
Square
35
Alignment
and Adjustment
5. Unlock swivel lock, but do not move
swivel index pin. Use Yi6"hex wrench to
loosen two adjusting screws under earriage. _ere
are two access holes to
these screws, one on each side of swivel
handle.) Make adjustment by rotating
motor. Note: Not all blades are perfectly
flat. Find best position for whole blade.
Tighten two adjusting screws and lock
swivel lock.
Swivel
Lock
Rip Lock
"Locked"
6. Repeat steps 3 and 4.
7. Return coverplate to original position
and tighten coverplate screw.
Aligning
Spreader
to Blade
The goal of this adjustment is to make
the spreader directly in line with the
blade. The spreader has an important
safety role. It rides in the kerf of the cut
workpieee during ripping to help keep
the two sides of the workpiece from
pinching on the blade. Blade pinching is
a cause of kickback.
Right
_
1. Unlock swivel lock, depress swivel
index pin, and move blade carriage to inrip position (motor towards table front).
Lock swivel lock.
..SawB,. e
T.bleI I
Wrong
2. Lower radial arm until blade just
clears table.
3. Unlock rip lock and move blade carriage back until blade touches fence.
Lock rip lock.
4. Unlock pawls/spreader lock and
lower pawls/spreader until pawl on left
side of spreader rests on top of fence.
Lock pawls/spreader lock.
5. If spreader rests flat against fence, no
adjustment is needed--go to step 7. If
36
Spreader
Wrong
Spreader
Spreader
Paw l
Pawl.
Fence
Fence
Saw Blade
Table
Saw
|lade
Table
Alignment
and Adjustment
spreader does not rest flat against
fence, go to step 6.
6. Use v_"wrench to loosen both
spreader nuts. Slide spreader against
fence. Tighten spreader nuts.
Spreader_
7. Unlock pawls/spreader lock, raise
paw!/spreader unit up to guard and lock
in place. Leave saw in this position to
adjust in-rip scale indicator.
Adjusting
In-Rip Scale Indicator
1. With saw in in-rip position and blade
against fence, align in-rip scale indicator
with O.
37
Alignment
Adjusting
Out-Rip
and Adjustment
Scale Indicator
1. Unlock rip lock and pull blade carriage forward. Unlock swivel lock,
depress swivel index pin, and set blade
carriage in out-rip position (motor
towards fence). Lock swivel lock.
9
2. Push blade carriage back until blade
is against fence. Lock rip lock.
3. Align out-rip scale indicator
with 0.
Out-Ril:
Out-Rip
Scale Indicator
The saw is aligned and ready to use
for cutting. It is important that you
periodically check alignment and adjustment to insure accurate cuts and
improve the safety of cutting procedures.
38
Electrical Connections
Motor Specifications
The double
insulated
saw has the following
Rated
Voltage
Developed
No grounding
specifications:
1.0
H.P .......... 2.5
..........................................
Amperes
120
.........................................
13
(cycles) .................................
60
RPM ............................................
Arbor
used in this
H.P ......................................
Maximum
Hertz
motor
Shaft Rotation
This tool is equipped with a two wire
cord and two prong plug which can be
used in standard
120 volt A.C. outlets.
5100
of the tool is necessary.
The housing is a dielectric material.
This helps protect you in case of failure
of the standard functional insulation
within the electrical
system.
Use only identical replacement parts
when service is required. This tool is intended for residential use only.
Extension Cords
...... Clockwise
Power Supply
_WARNING:
The saw is factory wired for 120V
operation.
Connect
to 120V, 15AMP branch circuit and use 15-AMP
time delay fuse or circuit breaker.
Failure to connect in this way can
result in injury from electric shock
or fire.
The use of any extension cord will cause
some loss of power. Replace damaged
or worn cords immediately.
The following table shows the correct
size cord to use. If in doubt, use the next
heavier gauge. An undersized cord will
cause a drop in line voltage, resulting in
loss of power and overheating. Note:
The smaller the gauge number, the
heavier the cord.
Wire Gauge Chart (AWG #) for 120 Volt
Lines
_WARNING:
To avoid electric shock or fire, immediately
replace
worn, cut, or
damaged power cord.
If an electrical shock occurs, your
reaction to the shock may bring
your hands into contact with the
blade.
Cord Length (feet)
AWG #
0-25
No. 16
26-50
No. 12
51-100
No. 10
For circuits that are farther away from
electrical circuit box, the wire size must
be increased proportionately
in order to
deliver ample voltage to the saw motor.
39
Crosscutting
Thrown
Workpiece
_CAUTION:
Workpiece
could be picked up by
spinning
blade and thrown. You
could be hit by thrown workpiece,
or your fingers or hand could be
pulled into blade. To reduce risk of
thrown workpiece:
1. Make sure installed fence is at least
half as high as the workpiece, and never
less than s/4".
2. Start cut with blade in rearmost posidon, behind fence.
3. Firmly hold workpiece fiat on table
and up against fence. Cut only one
workpiece at a time. Stacking or placing workpieces edge to edge can cause
user to lose control of workpiece.
4. Pull blade through workpiece only distance needed to complete cut, and
never more than half diameter of blade.
5. Push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind fence, after each cut.
6. Do not reach for or
of workpiece until cut
blade is behind fence,
and blade has stopped
touch cut off end
is complete,
saw is turned off,
spinning.
7. Do not use length stop on cut-off end
of the workpiece because it can cause
cut-off end to be thrown and hit user.
Use length stop only on end of
workpiece which is held down.
8. Use table extensions to support
workpieces that extend beyond table.
42
Crosscutting
Crosscutting
Defined
Straight
Crosscutting is cutting a workpiece to
length. The workpiece is held firmly
against the fence, and the blade is
pulled through the workpiece to make
the cut. Straight, miter, bevel, and compound cuts can be made.
Miter
Bevel
Compound
Basic Crosscuts
Crosscutting
Safety
The hazards associated with crosscutring include: exposed blade teeth, rolling carriage, thrown chips, and thrown
workpiece. This section explains these
hazards and tells how to avoid them or
reduce the risk of their happening.
Read the crosscutting safety information and instructions before making
any type of crosscut. Follow these steps
every time you make a crosscut.
Exposed Blade Teeth
WARNING:
During crosscutting, blade teeth
can be exposed. To reduce risk of
having fingers, hand or arm cut off :
1. Lower pawls to clear fence or
workpiece, whichever is higher, by r,".
Lowered pawls will cover most front
teeth of blade.
2. Keep hands away from blade and out
of blade path. Keep hand holding down
workpiece at least 6" from blade.
3. Do not cut freehand. You will not be
able to control workpiece.
Fence
4. If blade jams, turn off saw, remove
yellow key, wait for blade to stop spinning, then free blade.
Pawls/Spreader
Workplece
4O
Crosscutting
Rolling Carriage
_WARNING:
When saw is turned on, blade can
suddenly
come toward
you. To
reduce risk of this happening:
1. Keep one hand on saw handle when
turning saw on.
2. Make sure saw slants slightly toward
rear. If needed, put shim under front
frame.
3. Whenever saw is moved, check to be
sure that it is slightly lower in rear.
Thrown
Chips
_WARNING:
The
saw
can violently
throw
workplece
chips. Pieces of blade
can break off and be thrown violently. To reduce
blindness:
risk of eye Injury and
kWARNING
1.Wear safety goggles labeled "ANSI
Z87.1" on package. Regular eyeglasses
are not safety goggles.
2. Check blades for damage.
3. Keep saw table clean and clear of all
objects except workpiece to be cut and
necessary fixtures or clamps.
41
Crosscutting
Crossscutting
Checklist
Refer to the following checklist before
making crosscut kerfs or crosscutting. It
will remind you of things to do to make
your cutting safer.
Crosscutting
Hints
1. To extend the life of the table top,
make an additional
top out of v4"
plywood or masonite. Clamp or nail
original table top, section by section.
you use nails, nail in the four corners
make sure the blade will not contact
nails.
to
If
to
the
2. Instead of using one fence for all cutring paths, make several fences, each
with only a few kerfs. (See Cutting
Aides--Fences.)
Too many kerfs in a
fence weaken it.
3. When making miter or bevel cuts, use
extra force in holding the workpiece
down because it tends to move during
these types of cuts.
4. When cutting hard woods, like oak,
pull blade through more slowly.
5. Keep table clean of chips and sawdust.
6. Use the right blade for each job.
7. Use sharp blades.
8. To keep cut line accurate, periodically check blade alignment
by following instructions
in Alignment
and
Adjustment
section.
9. Do not cut severly warped or crooked
workpieces.
10. For work_ieces with one smooth
and one rough surface, cut with smooth
surface down on table.
43
Crosscutting
Kerfs
A kerf or shallow cut is needed in the
table and fence to serve as a path for the
blade and to ensure that the blade cuts
all the way through the workpiece. A
kerr is needed for each different cutting
path.
Follow these steps to make approximately v_g' deep kerf:
1. Check that saw is unplugged, switch is
"off' and yellow key is out.
Elevation Handle
2. Put fence between front table and
spacer board. Tighten table clamps.
3. Set desired bevel angle. Move arm to
desired miter position. Lock bevel,
miter and swivel locks.
4. Unlock rip lock and push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind fence.
5. Turn elevation handle clockwise to
lower radial arm until blade just dears
table.
0
6. Lower pawls to clear fence by _".
44
Crosscutting
7. Plug saw in.
8. Put yellow key in switch.
9. Grasp and hold onto saw handle, then
tam
saw
on.
10. Slowly turn elevation handle dockwise to lower radial arm until blade
touches table, then continue to lower by
half turn of elevation handle.
11. Hold hand in straight line with saw
handle and pull blade through fence
and across table as far as it will go.
12. Push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind fence, and turn saw off.
Continue to hold saw handle until blade
stops spinning.
13. Remove yellow key and unplug saw.
45
Crosscutting
Making Straight and Miter
Crosscuts
Follow these steps to make straight and
miter crosscuts. Note: There are four indexed miter positions, 0°, 22_ ° right and
left, and 45° right. To move to an indexed
position, unlock miter lock and pull and
hold out miter index pin while moving
arm to desired angle. Release miter index
pin and lock miter lock. To move to a
non-indexed position, unlock miter lock,
pull out miter index pin and turn it 90° to
lock it out. Move arm to desired angle
and lock miter lock.
1. Check that saw is unplugged, switch is
"off' and yellow key is out.
2. Put fence between front table and
spacer board. Tighten table clamps.
3. Move arm to desired miter position.
Lock miter, bevel and swivel locks.
4. Unlock rip lock and push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind fence.
5. Lower blade into kerr, but not touching kerr bottom. Blade should move
freely. If there is no kerf in table for
path you want to cut, make one following instructions for kerfs.
6. Place workpiece
against fence.
7. Lower pawls to clear fence or
workpiece, whichever is higher, by v_".
46
Kerr
Crosscutting
8. Plug saw in.
9. Put yellow key in switch.
10. Grasp and hold onto saw handle,
then turn saw on.
Yellow Key
11. Hold workpiece down and against
fence, keeping hand at least 6" away
from blade.
12. Hold hand in straight line with saw
handle and pull blade through fence
and workpiece only far enough to complete cut, and never more than half
diameter of blade.
Fence
Workpiece
13. Push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind fence, and turn saw off.
Continue to hold saw handle until blade
stops spinning.
14. Remove yellow key and unplug saw.
47
Crosscutting
Making Bevel and Compound
Crosscuts
Follow these steps to make bevel and
compound crosscuts.
Bevel Index Pin
1. Check that saw is unplugged, switch is
"off' and yellow key is out.
2. Put fence between front table and
spacer board. Tighten table clamps.
Bevel Lock
3. Turn elevation handle counter-clockwise to raise radial arm so blade will not
jam into table top when bevel is set.
4. Unlock bevel lock. Slide bevel index
pin to right and set bevel angle. Release
pin and lock bevel lock.
5. Move ann to desired miter position.
Lock miter and swivel locks.
Lock
6. Unlock rip lock and push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind
fence.
7. Lower blade into kerf, but not touching kerf bottom. Blade should move
freely. If there is no kerr in table for
path you want to cut, make one following instructions for kerfs.
8. Place workpiece
48
against
fence.
Miter Index Pin
Crosscutting
9. Lower pawls to clear fence or
workpiece, whichever is higher, by _".
10. Put yellow key in switch.
11. Grasp and hold onto saw handle,
then turn saw on.
Bevel Angle
12. Hold workpiece
down and against
fence, keeping hand at least 6" away
from blade.
13. Hold hand in straight line with saw
handle and pull blade through fence
and work_iece only far enough to complete cut, and never more than half
diameter of blade.
14. Push blade carriage to rearmost position, behind fence, and turn saw off.
Continue to hold saw handle until blade
stops spinning.
15. Remove yellow key and unplug saw.
Repetitive
Crosscutting
Repetitive crosscutting is the repeated
and continuous cutting of many pieces
of lumber to the same length with the
saw placed in the crosscut position.
See Accessories for information on a
lower blade guard for use in repetitive
90° (0 miter) crosscutting.
Use a carriage stop to define distance
needed to pull blade through to complete each cut. To make a carriage stop:
1. Cut piece of lxl lumber
to 2" long.
2. Clamp piece on left inside surface of
the radial arm, so that blade carriage
stops at distance needed to complete
cut. Check that clamp does not interfere
with hand grip on saw handle. Re-adjust
if needed.
49
Ripping
Ripping
Defined
Ripping is changing the width of a
workpiece by cutting along its length.
The workpiece is fed into the blade,
which rotates in a fixed position, parallel to the fence, a set distance from the
fence. A solid fence (no kerfs) serves as
a guide for the workpiece.
Middle Fence Position
1
€'1
Ii &
Rear
Fence
Position
f'l
I I
1
Front
Fence
Position
Place the fence the in front, middle, or
rear position. Generally, the front position is for narrower work_ieces, the rear
for wider workpieces.
In-Rip, and Out-Rip Positions
In-rip and out-rip refer to blade position.
In-rip: the blade is toward the fence,
and the motor is toward the table front.
In-rip is recommended because this
position allows better visibility of the
workpiece and your hands.
Hold Down
Side
Out-rip: the blade is toward the table
front, and the motor is toward the fence.
Use out-rip only for cutting workpieces
wider than 13".
In-Rip Position
Infeed and Outfeed Directions
Infeed and outfeed refer to sides of the
blade.
Infeed: the side of the blade where the
hold down is. Always start a rip cut at
the infeed side and push the workpiece
through to the outfeed side.
Outfeed: the side of the blade where the
pawls and spreader are. Never start a
rip cut at the outfeed side. This is wrong
way feed.
In feed
Side
Out-Rip
50
Position
Ripping
Workpiece
Positioning
Always set up so that the widest part of
the workpiece is between the blade and
fence. For example, ffyou want to rip 1"
off a 10" wide workpiece, set the saw
blade 9" from the fence.
Widest Part
of Workplece
Push Sticks and Push Blocks
Push sticks and push blocks are used instead of the hands to push the
workpiece through to complete the cuts.
A push block is used with an auxiliary
fence. See Cutting Aides.
Push Stick
Use a push stick when the space between the blade and fence is 2" or more.
2"or More
Use a push block and auxiliary fence
when the space between the blade and
fence is _ to 2".
Do not make rip cuts when space between blade and fence is narrower than
1,_#.
51
Ripping
Ripping Safety
The hazards associated with ripping are
outfeed zone hazard, kickback, wrong
way feed, and thrown chips. This section
explains these hazards and tells how to
avoid them or reduce the risk of their
happening.
formation
Read the ripping safety inand instructions
before
making any type of rip cut. Follow these
steps every time you make a rip cut.
Outfeed
Zone Hazard
DANGER:
Rotational
force of blade will pull
hands and fingers back into blade.
Touching,
holding,
or pulling on
outfeed
side of workpiece
can
result in fingers, hand or arm being
cut off.
To reduce risk of outfeed hazard:
1. Lower and correctly set pawls and
spreader. They act as a partial barrier to
outfeed side.
2. Start and finish cut from infeed side
of blade.
3. Keep both hands on infeed
blade.
side of
4. Keep hands away from outfeed side
of blade.
5. Push workpiece through to complete
cut. Do not pull workpiece.
6. If blade jams, turn saw off, remove
yellow key, wait for blade to stop spinning, then free blade.
52
DANGER
Ripping
Kickback
Kickback is the uncontrolled propelling
of the workpiece back toward the user
during ripping.
_WARNING:
Kickback can happen when blade is
pinched or bound by workpiece.
Pinching or binding can happen
when:
WARNING
• pawls and spreader are not used or
not set correctly
• spreader is not aligned with blade
• blade is not parallel to rip fence
• edge of workpiece is not in contact
with rip fence at all points, or is not
straight
• workpiece
is twisted
rocks on table top
or warped
and
• feed pressure is put on part of
workpiece away from fence
• workpiece is released before being
pushed past the pawls and spreader
• user reaches for, touches, or tries to
pull the workpiece through the outfeed
side of the saw
• making non-through
cuts
53
Ripping
To reduce
risk of kickback:
1. Correctly set pawls and spreader.
Spreader keeps workpiece from binding
or pinching blade; pawls grab into
workpiece to stop or slow kickback if
one happens.
2. Check that spreader is in line with
blade. See Alignment and Adjustment.
3. Cut only straight workpieees so surface will lie flat on table and edge will
stay tight against fence. If you must cut
an irregular workpiece, attach a straight
edge. See Cutting Aides.
4. Apply feed pressure to part of
workpiece next to fence.
5. Push workpiece through from infeed
to outfeed side until it passes pawls and
spreader.
6. Keep hands away from outfeed side
of blade.
7. If blade jams, turn saw off, remove
yellow key, wait for blade to stop spinning, then free blade.
8. When cutting composition materials,
put rough side up so pawls will grab.
9. Avoid cutting
like knots.
through very hard areas
10. Use featherboard.
Aides.
See Cutting
11. Stand out of workpiece
54
path.
Ripping
Wrong Way Feed
Wrong way feed is ripping by feeding
the workpiece
into the outfeed side of
the blade.
&WARNING
_WARNING:
Rotational
force of blade will pull
workpiece
through
violently
if
workpiece
is fed in same direction
as blade rotates (wrong way feed).
Hands and fingers can be pulled
along with workpiece
into spinning
blade before you can let go or pull
back. Fingers, hand or arm could be
cut off. Propelled workplece could
hit bystander.
To eliminate risk of wrong way feed:
Wrong Way Feed
1. Feed workpiece against blade rotation.
2. Set pawls and spreader. They act as a
partial barrier to outfeed side.
Thrown Workpiece
or Blade Chips
_WARNING:
The
saw
workpiece
can break
lently.
To reduce
blindness:
can violently
throw
chips. Pieces of blade
off and be thrown violrisk
of eye
injury
& WARNING
and
1. Wear safety goggles labeled "ANSI
Z87.1" on package. Regular eyeglasses
are not safety goggles.
2. Check blades for damage.
3. Keep saw table clean and clear of all
objects except workpiece to be cut and
necessary fixtures, damps or featherboards.
55
Ripping
Pawls and Spreader
Function
The pawls and spreader must be set correctly during tippingt to reduce the risk
of kickback, to prevent wrong way feed,
and to act as a partial barrier to the hazardous ouffeed side of the blade.
The spreader
kerr to keep
chances that
spring dosed
Pinching the
back.
tides in the workpiece
it open. This reduces the
the cut workpiece will
and pinch the blade.
blade is a cause of kick-
The pawls rest level on the upper surface of the workpiece. During cutting
they allow the workpiece to pass freely
from the infeed to the outfeed side, but
help stop the kickback motion from outfeed to infeed side by grabbing into the
workpiece surface.
•
Infeed
Side
Paw_s
er
Outfeed
Side
The spreader and pawls must be re-set
each time a different thickness
workpiece is cut. Follow the Ripping
Set-Up Procedure to correctly set the
pawls and spreader.
Hold Down Function
The hold down must be set correctly
during tipping to act as a partial barrier
against the infeed side of the blade, and
to help keep the workpiece flat on the
table. It must be lowered and set to just
clear the workpiece.
Hold
The hold down must be re-set each time
a different thickness workpiece is cut.
Follow the Ripping Set-Up Procedure
to correctly set the hold down.
56
Infeed
Side
Outfeed
Side
Ripping
Ripping Checklist
Refer to the following checklist before
making rip kerfs or ripping. It will
remind you of things to do to make your
cutting safer.
Ripping Hints
4. Use the right blade for each job.
1. To extend the life of the table top,
make an additional top out of v4"
plywood. Clamp or nail to original table
top, section by section. If you use nails,
nail in four comers where blade cannot
contact nails.
5. For workpiece with one smooth and
one rough surface, cut with rough surface up so pawls will grab better.
2. Keep table clean of chips and sawdust.
7. If you must cut an irregular
workpiece, attach a straight edge. See
Cutting Aides.
3. Use sharp blades.
6. To keep cut line accurate, periodically check blade alignment.
57
Ripping
Kerfs
A kerr or shallow
cut is needed
in the
table to serve as a path for the blade
and to ensure that the blade cuts all the
way through the workpiece. A kerf is
needed for each different cutting position.
Follow these
steps to make a kerr:
1. Check that saw is unplugged,
"off', and yellow key is out.
switch is
2. Put solid (no kerfs) fence in desired
position and tighten table damps.
3. Index arm to 0° miter position.
miter lock.
Lock
4. Set desired bevel angle and lock
bevel lock.
5. Unlock swivel lock, press and hold
swivel index pin and set blade to rip
position. Release swivel index pin, and
lock swivel lock.
58
Swivel Lock
Ripping
6. Unlock rip lock, position blade
desired distance from fence, and lock
rip lock.
Rip
I
In-Rip
Position
7. Turn elevation handle clockwise to
lower blade until it just clears table.
8. Plug in saw, put yellow key in switch
and turn saw on.
9. Slowly turn elevation handle clockwise until blade touches table, then continue to turn another half turn.
_WARNING
For workpieces
v4" thick or less,
turn elevation handle a full turn after
the blade just touches table. Deeper
kerf will keep saw blade from rising
up on top of workplece and violently
throwing It.
10. Turn switch off, remove yellow key,
unplug saw.
59
Ripping
Ripping Set-up Procedure
Follow these steps before ripping. These
steps must be repeated each time a different thickness workpiece is ripped.
1. Check that saw is unplugged, switch is
"oft", and yellow key is out.
2. Put solid (no kerfs) fence in desired
position and tighten table clamps. (Insert amdliary fence if space between
blade and fence will be _ to 2".)
3. Index arm to 0° miter position and
lock miter lock. Set desired bevel angle
and lock bevel lock.
4. Unlock swivel lock, press and hold
swivel index pin, and set blade to in-rip
position. Lock swivel lock. (Set to outrip position only if overall workpiece is
wider than 13".)
5. Unlock rip lock, set blade desired distance from fence, lock rip lock. Always
set blade so wider part ofworkplece will
be between blade and fence.
6. Ready push stick if space between
blade and fence is 2" or more. Ready
push block if using auxiliary fence.
7. Lower blade into kerf, but not touching kerf bottom. Blade should move
freely. If there is no kerf, make one following instructions for kerfs.
8. Place workpiece on saw table, parallel to and up against blade.
9. Unlock and set hold down to just
clear workpiece surface, then lock.
10. Unlock and set pawls/spreader so
spreader hangs along side of workpiece,
in line with blade, and pawl rests level
on workpiece surface, then lock.
f,
Pawls/Spreader
Hold Down
Hold Down Lock
In-Rip Position
6O
Ripping
11. Test spreader/pawl
setting by pushing workpiece toward ouffeed side to
see that workpiece
moves freely, then
pulling toward infeed side to see that
pawl grabs. If these conditions are not
met, repeat steps 10 and 11 until they
are. Correct setting of pawls/spreader
reduces risk of kickback.
Testing Kickback Pawls
Push
Pull
12. Use table extension of same height
as saw table to support cut work_iece. If
you do not, cut workpieee will sag and
could put binding pressure on blade, a
cause of kickback. Support outer ends
of extensions. Do not use another person to support workpieees
because this
can cause kickback.
13. Remove workpiece from table.
61
Ripping
Making Rip Cuts
Follow
these steps to make
1. Follow ripping
rip cuts:
set-up procedure.
2. Plug in saw, insert yellow key and
turn
saw
on.
3. Stand at infeed
side and out of line of
workpiece, in case of kickback. Start
and finish cut from infeed side.
4. Place workpiece on table, keeping
workpiece edge against fence.
5. Place one hand flat on workpiece
next to fence.
and
6. Place other hand behind first so
fingers are out of blade path, and as
close to fence as possible.
7. Push workpiece under hold down and
into blade, putting pressure on part of
workpiece between blade and fence. If
you put pressure on part of workpiece
between blade and table front, blade
could be pinched and workpiece will
kickback.
8. As end of workpiece approaches hold
down, use push stick or push block on
section between blade and fence, to
push until workpiece is completely past
pawls/spreader.
9. Turn saw off and wait for blade to
stop spinning before touching
workpiece.
10. Remove yellow key and unplug saw.
62
f
Infeed Side
Workplece
Cutting Aides
Cutting aides include fences, push
sticks, auxiliary fences, push blocks,
featherboards,
and straight edges.
Fences
Fences are required
tions.
for all saw opera-
Crosscutting requires fences with kerfs
(slots) to match the path of the saw, because the saw blade is pulled through
the kerf in the fence to cut the
workpiece.
Ripping requires a solid fence with no
kerfs or slots, because the fence serves
as a guide for the workpiece being
pushed into the saw blade.
&WARNING
If workpiece is pushed along fence
witll kerfs, workpiece
can get
caught on kerr, pinch blade and
cause
kickback.
Do not use
crosscutting fence for ripping.
It is a good idea to have more than one
crosscutting fence on hand, because if
you-tase the same fence for too many
kerfs, the fence will weaken. Depending
on the angle, bevel kerfs can be very
broad, and may overlap other kerfs.
To make a fence:
1. Use a/4"knot free lumber cut to 30".
Do not use particle board or other composite materials because they are not
strong enough. Note: Installed fence
must be at least half as high as the
workpiece, and never less than Y4".The
fence can be as high or higher than the
workpiece.
63
Cutting Aides
Push Sticks
Push sticks must be used during ripping
to push the workpiece through to complete cuts that would bring your hands
too close to the blade. Use a push stick
when the blade is set 2" or more from
the fence.
lS
To make a push stick:
3/4
Slightly Loss Than
Thicknessof_
up to 3/8"
1. Use a/4"solid (knot free) lumber.
2. Cut a piece 15" by 1_".
3. Cut a 45° notch in one end.
Auxiliary
Fence and Push Block
-I Lo
An auxiliary fence must be used when
making very narrow rip cuts that don't
allow enough room for a push stick
without bringing it too close to the
blade. Use an auxiliary fence when the
blade is set _ to 2" from the fence. Do
not make rip cuts when the space between the blade and fence is narrower
than 1/2".An auxiliary fence must always
be used with a push block.
To make an auxiliary
fence:
1. Use one piece of Ys"plywood and two
pieces of 3/4"plywood.
2. Cut the _" plywood
3. Cut one piece of _'4"plywood to 30"
by 3a_",and the other to 30" by 2v4".
4. Glue two _/4"plywood pieces together
so they line up square on an edge.
5. Glue the 3_" plywood piece at right
angle to and flush against edge of the
21/4"wide _'4"plywood.
6. Reinforce
64
with nails.
3,'4"Plywood
to 30" by 5_".
This Face And
This Edge Mull
Be Parallel
3/8"
Cutting Aides
To make a push block:
314" Plywood
1. Use one piece of _/4"plywood
piece of _" plywood.
and one
10
2. Cut the a/4"plywood
to 10" by 5".
3. Cut a triangular piece off each of two
corners by marking with a pencil in and
down 1v4"from the corners and cutting
along the diagonal formed by joining
the points.
1-1/4"
4. Cut the _" plywood to 10" by 5v8".
5. CUt out an 8" by _" notch from the
10" side of the a_" plywood.
3/8" Plywood
I
I
6. Glue the 3/4"plywood on top of the _"
plywood so that their 10" sides are
square.
318"" _
7. From notch cut out in step 5, cut a
piece of 3_"plywood to 2", and glue it to
underside of the Y8"plywood, in line
with edge that sticks out. Do not use
nails because if you accidently cut into
push block with saw blade, nails will
dull blade.
8. _l__ay
the push block on top of auxiliary
fence to make sure their widths match
exactly, and are each 43/4''.
Featherboard
Use a featherboard during ripping to
help keep the workpiece against the
fence. Clamp the featherboard to the
front table, so that the angled edge of
the featherboard is against the
workpiece on the infeed side of the
blade. Do not clamp the featherboard
against the cut off part (outfeed side) of
the workpiece. If clamped to the outfeed
side, the featherboard can squeeze the
65
Cutting Aides
kerf closed, put binding pressure
blade, and cause kickback.
on the
To make a featherboard:
1. Use solid (knot free) 3/4"lumber 5_"
wide.
2. Miter crosscut at a 30 ° angle to 24".
3. Rip to make 5" long cuts about v'4"
apart.
Straight Edge for Irregular
Workpiece
If the workpiece you want to rip does
not have a straight edge, attach a
straight edged board to the workpiece.
_WARNING
If you try to rip an Irregular
workpiece, it could bind blade and
cause kickback.
To attach
a straight
edge:
1. Place irregular side of workpiece
against fence.
2. Place straight edged board on top of
workpiece and against fence.
3. Tack straight edged board to
workpiece. Straight edged board must
not extend beyond leading end of
workpiece and should cover workpiece
width only enough to pass between
blade and fence.
4. Use fence at least as high as combined heights of workpiece and straight
edged board.
66
24
-1/2
Accessories
Accessories
Safety
• the blade is in its rearmost position
and
1. Use only accessories listed in this section. Use of any other accessory or attachment might increase the risk of
injury to you or others.
2. Follow
structions
accessory manufacturer's
on proper and intended
inuse.
3. Use of grinding wheels, abrasive or
cut offwheels, or wire wheels is
dangerous because they can break explosively and throw pieces. You can be
blinded or receive a life threatening
puncture wound. Do not use grinding
wheels, abrasive/cut off wheels or wire
wheels.
Lower Blade Guard
• the guard is resting on the table so
the leading and trailing teeth of the
blade are not exposed from the sides.
The lower guard ONLY provides
protection
against minor lacerations
and bruises that occur from contact
the flat sides of the spinning blade.
with
_WARNING:
Lower blade guard will not provide
any protection if blade is pulled over
your hand, or your hand enters
blade path from front
or rear of
blade.
Fingers or hand can be cut
or cut off.
_WARNING:
The following safety information and instructions apply to all blades and accessories.
The lower blade guard is required by
the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) if the radial saw is
used-commercially. The lower blade
guard is intended for use only in repetitive 90° crosscutting.
Repetitive 90 ° crosscutting is the
repeated and continuous
cutting of
many pieces of lumber to the same
length with the saw placed in the 90 °
crosscut position.
In repetitive 90° crosscutting, the guard
may reduce the chance of accidentally
touching the blade from the side. This
protection is possible ONLY when:
Remove lower blade guard for ALL
other types of cuts except repetitive
90* crosscutting.
Using lower guard
other
than
for repetitive
90 °
crosscutting
will increase
risk of
certain hazards:
• During rip and bevel cuts, the
workpiece or narrow cut-off pieces can
be pinched between the guard and the
blade. Workpiece or cut-off pieces can
kickback.
• In the bevel position the blade teeth
are fully exposed. Fingers or hand can
be cut off.
• Cut off pieces can jam between the
guard and blade. Turn saw off and wait
for blade to stop before freeing a
jammed guard or blade.
67
Accessories
• Workpiece or cut-off pieces can be
violently thrown by the blade. Wear
safety goggles
CAUTION:
Lower blade guard can get caught
or jam In fence or table kerfs.
Read and follow the warning on the
lower outer guard:
Accessories
for this Saw
These accessories are designed to fit
this saw. Read and follow instructions
that come with accessory.
Item ........................................ Catalog No.
Saw blades (81/4"diameter with _"
hole) ......................................... See Catalog
Taper Jig .......................................... 9-3233
WARNING:
To avoid injury shut off
power before clearing a
jammed lower guard
Dado Set ........................................ 9-32581
Leg Set ............................................ 9-22244
BooRs
Power
Tool Know How Handbook
..................................................
........
See Catalog
Guards
Lower Retractable
Repetitive
Crosscut
*See the information
Guard*
Only ............ 9-23473
and instructions
about the lower retractable
section.
68
For 90 °
guard
in this
Maintenance
WARNING:
Lubrication
To avoid shock, burns, or lacerations from accidental
start up of
saw, turn power switch off and unplug saw before doing maintenance
or servicing
General
saw.
Do not lubricate motor bearings. Motor
bearings are sealed and do not need
added lubrication.
You can lubricate other points if necessary, but only when sticking or binding
Information
occurs.
When new, the saw requires no lubrication. The saw has been partially aligned
and all bearings are lubricated
and
sealed for life. Ill time, in order to keep
the saw in good working order, it will be
necessary to clean, lubricate and realign.
Replacing
Pawls
Make sure the teeth
of the antikickback
pawls are always sharp. If they become
dull they must be replaced. To replace:
1.Use v2" wrench
or socket to remove
5/lg' hex nut and old pawls.
2. Assemble
and spreader
new antikickback
to bar.
pawls
Adjustments
for Wear
Bevel Lock
The bevel lock needs adjustment if the
motor can be moved by hand when the
bevel lock is locked. To make adjustment:
1. Use v8"hex wrench to loosen
under right comer (pivot point)
lock just enough to allow bevel
lever to drop down. (See figure
Repair Parts.)
2. Use bevel lock lever as wrench to increase locking characteristics.
3. Test lock for desired
3. Align spreader
to blade according to
instructions
in Alignment
and Adjustment.
Cleaning
Periodically remove any heavy build-up
of sawdust that may accumulate on the
saw. The absorbing tendency of sawdust
will draw lubricants away from the areas
where they are needed. Wipe the carriage bearings and track surfaces with a
dry or lightly oiled cloth.
To avoid motor damage due to sawdust
build-up, which interferes with normal
motor ventilation, blow out or vacuum
the motor often.
screw
of bevel
lock
2,
condition.
Repeat
4. Tighten
screw.
locked/unlocked
step 2 if necessary.
Swivel Lock
The swivel lock is a friction lock that
prevents play between the yoke and carriage (#41 and #12, figure 2, Repair
Parts). It needs adjustment if the lock
handle has to be moved more than 90°
to lock. To make adjustment:
1. Use 1s/if' wrench to tighten
figure 2, Repair Parts).
nut (#1,
2. Test lock, and repeat step 1 as needed.
69
Maintenance
Hold Down and Pawls/Spreader
Locks
Carriage Bearings
The carriage should roll freely but with
some resistance for the entire length of
travel. If the carriage moves too freely
or with too much resistance, the bearings need adjustment. To adjust, follow
the instructions under Carriage Bearings in Alignment and Adjustment.
Miter Lock
1. Lock hold down or pawls/spreader
lock. Use screwdriver to pop out "e" ring.
If the radial arm can be moved by hand
when the miter lock is locked in an unin-
2. Remove lock handle and re-position
at 90°.
dexed position, the lock needs adjustment. To adjust, follow the instructions
under Miter Lock Assembly.
3. Re-insert "e" ring.
Rip Lock
If the carriage can be moved by pushing
and pulling on the saw handle when the
rip lock is locked, the lock needs adjustment. To adjust:
1. Lock rip lock. Use screwdriver
pop out "e" ring.
2. Remove rip lock handle
wrench to tighten nut.
4. Re-insert
"e" ring.
to
and use as
3. Test for desired locked/unlocked
dition. Repeat step 2 of necessary.
70
If the hold down or the pawl/spreader
do not hold when locked, or if the lock
lever has to be turned more than 90° to
lock, the lock needs adjustment. To
make adjustment:
con-
4. Check that hold down or
pawls/spreader move freely when lock is
unlocked.
Motor
To avoid motor damage due to sawdust
buildup, which interferes with normal
motor ventilation, blow out or vacuum
the motor often.
Maintenance
Motor Brush Assemblies
The motor brush assemblies that come
with the saw will last about 100 cutting
hours. Replace both carbon brushes
when either has W' length or less of
carbon left. To inspect brushes:
Motor End
1. Check that saw is unplugged, switch is
"off", and yellow key is out.
Cap
2. Remove two screws that hold motor
end cap in place, and take off end cap.
Screwdriver ___
3. Use flat head screwdriver to gently
pry each motor brush assembly forward.
Rotate slightly to remove.
Motor Brush
_
_
_
-_'////_./J_"
Assembly
4. Inspect length of brush. If length of
either brush is W' or less, replace both
with new assemblies; otherwise, put
back same assemblies.
5. Re-install motor end cap and screws.
Motor Brush
1/4" or Less
71
Maintenance
Blade Changing
To change the saw blade, follow these
steps:
1. Check that saw is unplugged,
"oft", and yellow key is out.
switch is
2. Unlock rip lock, pull blade carriage
out to end of radial arm, and lock rip
lock.
3. Unlock swivel lock, depress swivel
index pin, and put blade in out-rip position (motor toward fence). Lock swivel
lock.
4. Loosen coverplate screw and rotate
coverplate out of way.
5. Use both blade wrenches in scissor action to loosen blade nut. Note: Nut has
left hand threads.
6. Remove nut, blade collar, and blade.
Insert new blade, making sure that
blade rotation arrow points in same
direction as arrow on guard points.
7. Re-install blade collar and nut.
Tighten nut. Note: Do not overtighten
nut because this can cause blade collar to
warp and blade to wobble during cutting.
8. Rotate coverplate back into position
and tighten coverplate screw.
I WARNING:
Never use the saw without the
coverplate securely in place.
It
keeps the nut from falling off if it
accidentally loosens, and prevents
the spinning blade from coming off
the machine.
72
sen
J
Troubleshooting
Motor Problem
Possible Cause(s)
What to Do
Motor overheats or stalls
Excessive feed rate when
crosscutting or ripping
Slow rate of feed
Improper
Clean out sawdust from
motor to allow normal air
circulation
motor cooling
Undersized
Blown fuses or tripped
circuit breakers
Cutting
Problem
Inaccurate cut
extension cord
Check wire gauge chart in
Electrical Connections
Inadequate house wiring
Call your electrician
Need 15 amp circuit
Check that house has adequate wiring. Call your
electrician
Motor overload
Check blade alignment
Slow rate of feed
Low voltage
Check voltage. Normal
loads can be safely handled
at 10% above or below
nameplate voltage; heax2€
loads need same voltage at
motor terminal as on
nameplate
Possible Cause(s)
What to Do
Loose locks
Check miter, rip, bevel, and
swivel locks. See Adjustments for Wear
Saw blade out of alignment
Check alignment
73
Troubleshooting
Cause(s)
What to Do
Cutting Problem
Possible
Crosscuts not accurate at
miter indexed positions.
Crosscut travel not square
with fence
See Squaring Blade
Crosscut Travel
Arm not indexing properly
See Miter Lock Assembly
Carriage assembly
See Swivel Lock or Carriage Bearings Adjustment
loose on
anti
Sawdust between
work_iece
and fence
Keep front table clean
Fence
Replace fence
not straight
Depth
of cut varies from
one end of workpiece
to
other
Table not parallel with
radial arm
See Leveling the Front
Table
Saw cuts at slight bevel
Blade not square to table
See Squaring
Table
Table
See Leveling the Front
Table
not parallel
to radial
arln
Workpiece
kerf rough with
tooth marks from blade
Blade tends to advance
through workpiece too fast
during crosscutting
74
Blade to
Bevel lock loose
See Adjustment,
Lock
Work table not flat
Replace table
Blade not square to fence
See Squaring Blade to
Fence
Using improper blade for
desired finish cut
Use proper
blade
Blade dull
Sharpen
User pulls blade through
workpiece too fast
Pull blade slowly and steadily through workpiece
Bevel
smooth-cutting
or replace
blade
Troubleshooting
Possible Cause(s)
What to Do
Board pulls away from
fence during ripping
Blade out of alignment
Check alignment
Workpiece strikes spreader
during ripping
Spreader not in line with
blade
See Alignment,
Workpiece binds, smokes,
and motor slows Or stops
when ripping
Saw blade out of alignment
Check alignment
Dull or incorrect blade
Sharpen or replace blade
Fence not straight
Replace fence
Warped workpiece
Do not cut severely warped
pieces
Carriage assembly loose
See Adjustment,
Bearings
Feed rate too fast
Slow feed rate
Saw Problem
Possible
What to do
Radial arm moves when
locked in an un-indexed
miter position
Miter lock needs adjustment
See Miter Lock Assembly
Motor moves when bevel
lock is locked
Bevel lock needs adjustment
See Adjustment,
Lock
Cutting
Problem
Cause(s)
Spreader
Carriage
Bevel
75
Troubleshooting
What to Do
Saw Problem
Possible
Blade carriage does not
travel smoothly on arm
Dirty track
Clean track
Bad bearing
Replace bearing
Bearing set too tight
See Adjustment,
Bearings
Worn arm track
Replace radial arm
Rip lock too tight
See Adjustment,
Table cannot be leveled
Base has shifted on frame
Remove front table.
Loosen four bolts that hold
base to frame. Follow steps
under Making Radial Arm
Parallel to Frame in Assembly section. Then realign saw
Blade does not stop spinningwithin 15 seconds after
saw is turned off
Blade nut loose
Tighten blade nut
Internal damage
Take saw back to Sears for
service
76
Cause(s)
Carriage
Rip Lock
Note: This
page intentionally
left blank.
I
77
Repair Parts
PARTS
LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
ARM SAW MODEL
FIGURE
NO. 113.234700
1
I
25
26
\
28 29
30
_
j8_
27
23 24
22
\
,ol
J
21 20 19
13
13
15
10
14
78
Repair Parts
PARTS
LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
ARM SAW MODEL
NO. 113.234700
Always order by Part Number -- Not by Key Number
FIGURE
1
Key
No.
Part
No.
Description
Key
No.
Part
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
STD512510
60128
818745
818703
818693
818744
3540
819447
818746
818928
STD551125
STD541025
818747
818929
806150-2
20
21
22
23
24
25
STD551131
STD541031
818162
STD541050
818702
806752-12
26
815865-1
27
28
29
30
31
-
818762
STD581037
818719
STD571207
820005
SP5300
16
809019-1
17
455722
18
19
818161
9418304
*Screw-Pan Hd 1/4-20 x 1
Washer-17/64 x 5/8 x 1/32
Table-Rear
Table-Spacer
Fence-Rip
Table-Front
Wrench
Grip
Lever-Tube Locking
Mount-Table Angle
* Lockwasher- 1/4
* Nut-Hex 1/4-20
Rail-Table
Stiffener Rail
Screw-Truss Hd
5/16-18 x 5/8
Bolt-Rd Hd Short Neck
5/16-18 x 1/2
Bolt-Rd Hd Short Neck
5/16-18 x 3/4
Shoe-Table Clamp
Washer-21/64 x 3/4 x 1/32
508089
508287
508288
Description
* Lockwasher-5/16
*Nut-5/16-18
Screw-Clamp
*Nut-Hex Jam 1/2-13
Retainer-Nut
Screw-Pan Hd TY"T"
10-32x !/4
Screw-Hex Wash Hd
1/4-20x3/4
Base
* Ring-Retaining 5133-37
Spring-Miter Index
*Pin-Roll 1/8 x 3/4
Pin-Miter Index
Owners Manual
(Not Illustrated)
Bag of Loose Parts
(Not Illustrated)
Bag of Loose Parts
(Not Illustrated)
Bag of Loose Parts
(Not Illustrated)
* Standard Hardware Item -- May Be Purchased Locally.
%Stock Item -- May Be Secured Through The Hardware Department Of Most Sears Retail Stores Or Catalog
Order Houses.
79
Repair Parts
PARTS
LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
ARM SAW MODELNO.
FIGURE
45
44
113.234700
2
\
\
10
11
9
8
7
34
19
2O
/
31
24
23
8O
21
Repair Parts
PARTS
LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
ARM SAW MODEL
NO. 113.234700
Always order by Part Number -- Not by Key Number
FIGURE
Key
No.
1
2
3
2
Part
No.
Description
Key
No.
Part
No.
STD541462
60047
815865
*Nut-Lock 5/8-11
Washer-.630 x 1 x 1/32
Screw- Hex Washer Hd
1/4-20 x 1/2
Catch-Safety
* Ring-Retaining 5131-43
Wrench
Nut-Hex Double Lead 1/4-20
Washer-17/64 x .567 x .090
Bushing
Lock-Rip
Screw-Rip Lock
Plate-Index
Spring-Index
Pin-Index
Grip
Nut-Square LH. 5/16-18
Cam-Bevel Index
Grip
Scale-Bevel
Handle-Yoke
* Screw-Soc Cap
1/4-20 x 1-7/8
* Lockwasher- 1/4
Screw-Pan Hd TY"TT"
10-32 x 3/8
* Screw-Soc Cap
1/4-20 x 1-5/8
Ring-Index
26
27
28
818711
STD551210
806214
29
805797-1
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
9418304
818765
808380-7
818714
818722
818708
816087
37
38
39
40
818712
818886
818717
141594-46
41
42
43
44
45
134556-1
STD551131
818882
818933
STD551031
46
47
48
37386
818887
62636
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
818883
805644-6
818900
818902
805552-22
60468
818730
818901
818749
63658
818713
818710
60333
818733
802884-25
818726
810232-1
141594-32
22
23
STD551225
816333-2
24
-431957
25
818757
Description
Lever-Bevel Lock
* Lockwasher-tnt N 10
* Screw-Soc Button Cap
10-32x5/8
Screw-Hex L.H.
5/16-18 x 2-3/4
Washer-21/64 x 3/4 x 1/32
Yoke
Screw-Pan Hd 10-14 x 1/2
Plate-Bevel
Nut-Double
Pin-Yoke Index
Screw-Truss Hd TY"TT"
1/4-20x 1/2
Lever
Stud-Yoke Clamp
Spring-Yoke Index
* Screw-Soc Cap
1/4-20x5/8
Nut-Hex Jam 5/16-18
* Lockwasher-Ext 5/16
Indicator-Rip
Carriage
*Washer
21/64 x 5/8 x 1/32
Bearing-Carriage
Eccentric
Nut-Square 1/4-20
* Standard Hardware Item -- May Be Purchased Locally.
t
Stock Item -- May Be Secured Through The Hardware Department Of Most Sears Retail Stores Or Catalog
Order Houses.
81
Repair Parts
PARTS LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
FIGURE
43
42__
ARM SAW MODEL
NO. 113.234700
3
1
40
36.,
39
"
24
28......
26
27
Repair Parts
PARTS
LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
ARM SAW MODEL
NO. 113.234700
Always order by Part Number -- Not by Key Number
FIGURE
Key
No.
Part
No.
1
2
3
4
818754
818697
803709
819449
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
808380-5
818758
818921
818718
808380
63467
818879
9-22256
816113
818934
STD541008
818881
141594-45
18
19
20
21
22
818723
815868
818773
818880
817398-1
23
--i79891
Description
Relief-Strain
Cord-Motor
Connector-Wire
Screw-Hex Washer Hd
TY"TT" 5/16-18 x 1-1/2
Screw-Pan Cr #8
Label Trim R.H.
Arm
Insulator
Screw-Pan Hd 8-16 x 1/2
Cap-Flag Terminal
Trim-Front Arm
t Key-Switch
Switch-Locking
Housing-Switch
* Nut-Hex 8-32
Bumper-Front
Screw-Hex Soc Cap
8-32 x 5/8
Cord w/Plug
Relief Strain
Support-Arm
Bumper-Rear
Screw-Soc Cap Locking
1/4-20 x 5/8
Bolt-Hex 1/2-13 x 2-1/2
3
Key
No.
Part
No.
Description
24
25
STD551050
815992-1
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
STD551225
818737
818926
STD541050
818706
818731
816333-2
33
34
35
36
818705
818224
818878
63500
37
38
39
818709
818759
815865-1
40
41
42
43
STD551043
818735
60128
815992-2
*Washer-17/32 x 1 x 1/16
Screw-Soc Cap TY"-FT"
1/4-20 x 3/4
* Lockwasher- 1/4
Latch-Arm
Scale-Miter
*Nut-HexJam 1/2-13
Gib
Cover Plate-Gib
Screw-Pan Hd TY"TT"
10-32 x 3/8
Tube
Nut-Elevation
Shaft-Elevation
Washer-Thrust
,502 x .927 x .031
Cover-Channel
Label Trim LH,
Screw-Hex Wash
Hd 1/4-20 x 3/4
*Washer-15/32 x 47/64 x 1/16
Crank
Washer 17/64 x 5/8 x 1/32
Screw Soc-Cap TY"TT"
1/4-20 x 1/2
* Standard Hardware Item -- May Be Purchased Locally.
tStock Item -- May Be Secured Through The Hardware Department Of Most Sears Retail Stores Or Catalog
Order Houses.
83
Repair Parts
PARTS
LIST FOR 8 1/4" RADIAL
1
ARM SAW MODEL
2
/_
•
25
24
NO. 113.234700
9
/
10
5
26
24
12
23
22 1
15
18
16
18
21
19
Always order by Part Number -- Not by Key Number
FIGURE
4
Key
No.
Part
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
63258
818741
818742
169123-11
808380-5
803954-3
355594
819029
354653
352813
805644-6
818900
818902
STD551012
Description
Elbow-Dust
Cover-Connection L.H.
Cover- Connection R.H.
Relief-Strain
Screw-Pan Hd#8 x 3/4
Connector-Wire
Brush & Holder
eMotor
Bumper
Cap End
Ring-Retaining 5131-43
Wrench
Nut-Hex 1/4-20 DBL Lead
*Washer-17/64 x 1/2 x 1/32
Key
No.
Part
No.
15
16
17
818738
818756
818895
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
STD541231
815815
STD581050
63270
816341
819425
62498
818597
816333-2
Description
Bar-Anti Kickback
Guard-Hold Down
Bolt-Crge DBL Lead
1/4-20 x 3/4
*Nut-Hex Jam 5/16-18
Pawl
* Ring- Retaining
Spreader
Bearing
Nut-Brass
Collar-Blade
1 Blade-8-1/4" 44 Tooth
Screw-Pan HdTY'q-I"
10-32 x 3/8
Standard Hardware Item -- May Be Purchased Locally.
+
Item -- May Be Secured Through The Hardware Department Of Most Sears Retail Stores Or Catalog
Order Houses.
Any Attempt To Repair This Motor May Create A Hazard Unless Repair Is Done By Qualified Service Technician.
Repair Service Is Available At Your Nearest Sears Store.
84
|
NOTES
85
NOTES
86
Index
Accessories 67
Adjustment
Bevel Lock 69
Carriage Bearings 29, 70
Column Support 30
Hold Down Lock 70
In-rip Scale 37
Leveling Front Table 31
Miter Lock 22, 70
Out-rip Scale 38
Pawls/Spreader Lock 70
Rip Lock 70
Swivel Lock 69
Alignment
Spreader 36
Squaring Blade Crosscut
Travel 33
Squaring Blade to Fence 35
Squaring Blade to Table 34
Assembly
Arm to Base 18
Base 14
Blade Carriage to Arm 16
Front Table 21
Making Arm Parallel to
Frame 19
Miter Lock 22
Table Support 20
Blades
Changing 72
Safety 9
Carriage Bearings 29, 70
Carriage Stop 49
Cleaning 69
Crosscutting
Bevel 48
Checklist 43
Compound 48
Definition 40
Hints 43
Miter 46
Repetitive
Safety 40
49
Straight 4
Electrical Connections
Extension Cords 39
Featherboard
65
Fences 63
Hints
Crosscutting
Ripping 57
Hold Down
Pawls/Spreader
Function 26, 56
Setting 26, 60
Power Supply 39
Push Blocks
39
Making 65
Using 51
Push Sticks
43
Making 64
Using 51
Ripping
Checklist 57
Definition 50
Hints 57
Function 27, 56
Setting 27, 60
In-rip 50
Infeed 50
Kerfs
Crosscutting
44
Ripping 58
Kickback 4, 53
Leveling Front Table 31
Locks
Bevel 24
Hold Down 27
Miter 25
Pawls/Spreader
Rip 24
Swivel 25
Lubrication
69
Maintenance
In-rip 50
Making Rip Cuts 62
Out-rip 50
Safety 52
Set-Up Procedure
60
Workpiece
Positioning
Safety
Accessories
67
Blade 9
26
Crosscutting
General 3
Personal 5
Adjustments
for Wear 69
Cleaning 69
General 69
Lubrication
69
Motor 70
Motor Brush Assemblies 71
Miter Lock Assembly 22
Motor
Maintenance
70
Motor Brush Assemblies
Specifications
Out-rip 50
Outfeed 50, 52
Pawls
39
Crosscutting
Position
Replacing 69
71
51
40
Ripping 3, 52
Saw 6
Work Area 5
Workpiece
8
Spreader 26
Alignment
36
Squaring Blade Crosscut
Travel 33
Squaring Blade to Fence 35
Squaring Blade to Table 34
Straight Edge 66
Wrong Way Feed 4, 55
40
87
f
_ARS
owner's
manual
8¼-1NCH
RADIAL SAW
SERVICE
Now that you have purchased
your 8_/4-inch radial saw,
should a need ever exist for repair parts or service, simply
contact any Sears Service Center and most Sears, Roebuck
and Co. store_ Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when
you call or visit.
MODEL NO.
113.234700
The model number of your 8_/4-inch radial saw will be found
on a plate attached
to your saw, at the Rear of the base.
8¼-INCH
RADIAl. SAW
HOW TO ORDER
REPAIRPARTS
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS,ALWAYS GIVE THE FOLLOWING
INFORMATION'.
PARTNUMBER
PARTDESCRIPTION
MODELNUMBER
113.234700
NAMEOFITEM
8Y4-1NCHRADIAL SAW
All parts listed may be ordered from any Sears Service Center
and most Sears stores If the parts you need are not stocked
locally, your order will be electronically transmitted to a Sears
Repair Parts Distribution Center for handling.
Sold by SEARS, ROEBUCK AND CO., Chicago,
Part No. SP5300
Form No. SP5300
IL 60684
U.S.A.
Printed In LLS.A. 6/90