R
Diesel Engine
WORKSHOP MANUAL
for
CT2-29-TV (Z482-E2B)
Truck / ComfortPro
CT3-44-TV (D722-E2B)
Truck
Beginning With Serial Number 5A0001
62--11161 Rev A
WORKSHOP MANUAL
DIESEL ENGINE
CT2-29-TV (Z482-E2B)
Truck / ComfortPro
CT3-44-TV (D722-E2B)
Truck
Beginning With Serial Number 5A0001
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
Page
TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i
SPECIFIC WARNING AND CAUTION STATEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--1
1.1 ENGINE IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--1
1.2 ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1--2
1.2.1 E2B Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.2 Cylinder Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 TORQUE SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.1 Torque Specifications For Special Use Screws, Bolts and Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.2 Torque Specifications For General Use Screws, Bolts and Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5 TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6 SERVICING SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.1 Engine Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.2 Lubricating System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.3 Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.4 Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.5 Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7 CHECK AND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.1 Checking Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.2 Changing Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.3 Checking Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.4 Checking Fuel Hose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.5 Bleeding Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.6 Valve Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8 SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.1 Diesel Engine Compression Tester (Glow Plug) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.2 Adapter, Kubota 10 mm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.3 Tester Injector Nozzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.4 Replacement Bowl, Tester Injector Nozzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.5 Adapter, Injector Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.6 Oil Pressure Tester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.7 Auxiliary Socket For Fixing Crankshaft Sleeve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.8 Guage, Belt Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.9 Tester, Belt Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.10 Rubber Band . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.11 Valve Guide Replacing Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.12 Bushing Replacing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.13 Flywheel Stopper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8.14 Crankshaft Bearing 1 Replacing Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i
1--3
1--3
1--3
1--4
1--4
1--4
1--5
1--8
1--8
1--11
1--11
1--11
1--12
1--12
1--12
1--12
1--12
1--12
1--12
1--13
1--14
1--14
1--14
1--14
1--14
1--14
1--15
1--15
1--15
1--15
1--15
1--16
1--16
1--16
1--17
62--11161
Page
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
ENGINE BODY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--1
2.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--1
2.1.1 Compression Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--1
2.1.2 Top Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--1
2.2 DISASSEMBLING AND ASSEMBLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--2
2.2.1 Draining Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--2
2.2.2 Draining and Refilling Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2--2
2.2.3 External Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.4 Cylinder Head And Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.5 Oil Pan and Oil Pick--up Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.7 Piston and Connecting Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.8 Crankshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 SERVICING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.2 Timing Gears, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.3 Piston and Connecting Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.4 Crankshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.5 Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LUBRICATING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.1 Checking Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.2 Changing Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.3 Changing Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.4 Engine Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.5 Relief Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 OIL PUMP SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.1 Rotor Lobe Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.2 Rotor to Cover Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COOLING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.1 V--Belt Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.2 Fan Belt Damage and Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.3 Checking Coolant Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.4 Draining Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.5 Radiator Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.6 Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.7 Thermostat Opening Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 SERVICING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.1 Thermostat Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.2 Water Pump Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
62-11161
ii
2--2
2--3
2--6
2--7
2--13
2--16
2--19
2--19
2--25
2--28
2--30
2--36
3--1
3--1
3--1
3--1
3--2
3--2
3--3
3--3
3--3
3--3
4--1
4--1
4--1
4--1
4--1
4--1
4--2
4--2
4--2
4--3
4--3
4--3
Page
PARAGRAPH NUMBER
FUEL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.1 Injection Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.2 Shim Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--1
5.1.3 Pump Element Fuel Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--2
5.1.4 Delivery Valve Fuel Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--2
5.2 INJECTION NOZZLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5--3
5.2.1 Nozzle Spraying Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.2 Nozzle Injection Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.3 Valve Seat Tightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.4 Nozzle Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1 GLOW PLUG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.1 Lead Terminal Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1.2 Glow Plug Continuity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2 STARTER (CT2--29--TV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.1 Motor Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.2 Magnetic Switch Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.3 Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3 STARTER (CT3--44--TV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.1 Motor Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3.2 Magnetic Switch Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4 STARTER SERVICING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.1 Overrunning Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.2 Armature Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.3 Brush Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.4 Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.5 Brush Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.6 Armature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4.7 Field Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iii
5--3
5--3
5--4
5--4
6--1
6--1
6--1
6--1
6--2
6--2
6--2
6--3
6--4
6--4
6--4
6--6
6--6
6--6
6--6
6--6
6--6
6--7
6--8
62--11161
SAFETY
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Your Carrier Transicold unit has been designed with the safety of the operator in mind. During normal operation, all
moving parts are fully enclosed to help prevent injury. During all pretrip inspections, daily inspections, and problem
troubleshooting, you may be exposed to moving parts. Please stay clear of all moving parts when the unit is in
operation and when the unit main power switch is in the START/RUN position.
Engine Coolant
The engine is equipped with a pressurized cooling system. Under normal operating conditions, the coolant in the
engine and radiator is under high pressure and is very hot. Contact with hot coolant can cause severe burns. Do not
remove the cap from a hot radiator. If the cap must be removed, do so very slowly in order to release the pressure
without spray.
Battery
This unit is equipped with a leadacid type battery. The battery normally vents small amounts of flammable hydrogen
gas. Do not smoke when checking the battery. A battery explosion can cause serious physical harm and/or blindness.
SPECIFIC WARNING AND CAUTION STATEMENTS
To help identify the label hazards on the unit and explain the level of awareness each one carries, an explanation is
given with the appropriate consequences:
DANGER
DANGER -- warns against an immediate hazard which WILL result in severe personal injury or death.
WARNING
WARNING -- warns against hazards or unsafe conditions which COULD result in severe personal injury or death.
CAUTION
CAUTION -- warns against potential hazard or unsafe practice which could result in minor personal
injury, or product or property damage.
NOTE
NOTE -- gives helpful information that may help and avoid equipment and property damage.
The statements listed on the next page are specifically applicable to this unit and appear elsewhere in this manual.
These recommended precautions must be understood and applied during operation and maintenance of the equipment covered herein.
i
62-11161
SPECIFIC WARNING AND CAUTION STATEMENTS (Continued)
WARNING
When removing the radiator cap, wait at least ten minutes after the engine has stopped and cooled
down. Otherwise, hot water may discharge from the radiator, scalding anyone nearby.
WARNING
Check the injection nozzle only after confirming that nobody is near the spray. If the spray from the
nozzle contacts the human body, cells may be destroyed and blood poisoning may result.
CAUTION
Stop the engine when attempting to check and change the fuel line.
CAUTION
Stop the engine when preparing to change the engine oil.
CAUTION
Stop the engine when preparing to change the engine oil filter.
CAUTION
Secure the starter to prevent it from moving when power is applied to it.
62-11161
ii
SECTION 1
General
When contacting Carrier Transicold, always specify
your engine model number and serial number.
The engine model and its serial number need to be
identified before the engine can be serviced or parts
replaced.
1.1 ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
S/N
Engine Serial Number (S/N)
The engine serial number is an identified number for the
engine. It is marked after the engine model number.
It indicates basic model, month, year and sequence of
manufacture as follows:
Serial Number
Z482-- 7 K
A
176
Last 3 Digits in Numerals (1 to 999 Units in Sequence)
7th Digit Sequential Numeral or Letter (Units Manufactured)
0 to 9
A
Alphabetical Numeral or Letter
to 19,998
19,999--20997
Unit Number Sequence
B
C
20,998--21,996
21,997--22,995
6th Digit Alpabetical Letter (Month of Manufacture -- 1st Letter 1--9999 Units, 2nd Letter 10,000--19,998 Units)
Alphabetical letter
A,B C,D E,F G,H J,K
L,M N,P Q,R S,T U,V W,X
Y,Z
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Month
5th Digit Alpabetical Letter or Numerals (Year of Manufacture)
1
2
Alphabetical letter or numerals
W
X
Y
Year
98
99
00
01
02
3
03
4
04
5
05
6
06
7
07
8
08
9
09
Basic model number
Table 1-1. Model Chart
KUBOTA
MODEL NO.
CARRIER
MODEL NO.
NEW ENGINE
PART NO.
PRIMARY USE
REPLACES
Z482--E2B
CT2--29--TV
26--60001--03*
SOLARA Units
26--60001--01
Z482--E2B
CT2--29--TV
26--60001--04*
SUPRA Units
26--60001--02
Z482--E2B--ATC--1
CT2--29--TV
96--101--05K
Z482--E2B--TFX--1
CT2--29--TV
96--101--20K
ProHeat / ComfortPro PC5000
Units
ComfortPro PC6000 Units
D722--E2B
CT3--44--TV
26--60000--05*
GENESIS Units
NEW
NEW
26--60000--00
* Beginning with Serial Number 5A0001
1--1
62--11161
1.2 ENGINE SPECIFICATIONS
Table 1-2. Specification Chart
MODEL NUMBER (Carrier / Kubota)
CT2--29--TV / Z482--E2B
CT3--44--TV / D722--E2B
TYPE
Vertical, Water--cooled, 4 cycle IDI diesel engine
NUMBER OF CYLINDERS
2
BORE X STROKE
mm X mm (in. X in.)
cm3 (cu.in.)
TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
BRAKE
HORSEPOWER
3
SAE Intermittent H.P.
kW (HP) / RPM
MAXIMUM BARE SPEED
RPM
IDLING SPEED
RPM
67 X 68 (2.64 X 2.68)
479 (29.23)
719 (43.88)
9.3 (12.5) / 3600
14.0 (18.0) / 3600
3800
900 To 1000
COMBUSTION CHAMBER
Spherical Type (E--TVCS)
FUEL INJECTION PUMP
Bosch MD Type Mini Pump
GOVERNOR
Centrifugal Ball Mechanical Governor
INJECTION NOZZLE
Bosch Throttle--Type
INJECTION TIMING (before T.D.C.)
19 to 21°
FIRING ORDER
1--2
INJECTION PRESSURE
(Valve Opening Pressure)
1--2--3
13.73 MPa (140 kgf/cm2, 1991 psi.)
COMPRESSION RATIO
23.5 : 1
LUBRICATING SYSTEM
Forced Lubrication by Pump
COOLING SYSTEM
Pressurized Radiator, Forced Circulation With Water Pump
STARTING SYSTEM
Cell Starter (With Glow Plug)
STARTING MOTOR
12V, 0.8 kW
RECOMMENDED BATTERY CAPACITY
(5 Hour Capacity)
CHARGING GENERATOR
12V, 28AH, equivalent
12V, 36AH, equivalent
12V, 150 W
12V, 150 W
FUEL
Diesel Fuel No.2--D (ASTM D975)
LUBRICATING OIL
*Quality Better Than CF Class (API), SAE 10W--30 or 15W--40
2.5 L (2.64 U.S. Quarts)
LUBRICATING OIL CAPACITY
Weight (DRY)
3.3 L (3.5 U.S. Quarts) (TFX--1 Only)
kg (lbs.)
53.1 (117.1)
*See paragraph 1.7.2.
62--11161
1--2
3.8 L (4.02 U.S. Quarts)
63.1 (139.1)
1.2.1 E2B ENGINE
Carrier/Kubota supply diesel engines conforming to
federal emission regulations. The emission controls that
have been put into effect have been stepped up to the
second stage. Carrier/Kubota has executed the
improvement in the engines to conform to this
regulation.
In order to discriminate between engines conforming to
Tier 1 / Phase 1 requirements and those conforming to
Tier 2 / Phase 2 requirements, we have adapted E2B as
a new model name for the engines conforming to Tier2 /
Phase 2 regulations.
In the after--sale services for Tier 2 / Phase 2 engines,
only use the dedicated parts for E2B models and carry
out the maintenance services accordingly.
1.3 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
During disassembly, carefully arrange removed parts in
a clean area to prevent confusion latter. Screws, bolts
and nuts should be replaced in their original position to
prevent reassembly errors.
When special tools are required, use Carrier Transicold
genuine special tools. Special tools which are not
frequently used should be made according to the
drawings provided.
Before disassembling or servicing electrical wires,
make sure to always disconnect the grounding cable
from the battery first.
Remove oil and dirt from parts before taking any
measurements.
Use only Carrier Transicold genuine parts for parts
replacements to maintain engine performance and to
ensure safety.
Gaskets and o--rings must be replaced during
reassembly. Apply grease to new o--rings or oil seals
before assembling.
1.2.2 CYLINDER NUMBER
1
2
The cylinder numbers of diesel engines are designated
as shown above. The sequence of cylinder numbers is
given as No.1, No. 2, and No. 3 starting from the gear
case end of the engine.
2
3
3
1. Grease
A External Snap Ring
2. Force
B Internal Snap Ring
3. Place the Sharp Edge
against the Direction of Force
When reassembling external or internal snap rings,
position them so that the sharp edge faces against the
direction from which force is applied.
A newly serviced or reassembled engine should be
run--in with no load for 15 minutes. Serious damage to
the engine may result otherwise.
1--3
62--11161
1.4 TORQUE SPECIFICATION
Screws, bolts and nuts must be tightened to the specified torque using a torque wrench. Several screws, bolts and
nuts such as those used on the cylinder head must be tightened in the proper sequence and at the proper torque.
1.4.1 Torque Specifications For Special Use Screws, Bolts and Nuts
In removing and applying the screws, bolts and nuts marked with “*”, a pneumatic wrench or similar tool, if employed,
must be used with care. Failure to do so may result in stripped or seized screws, bolts and nuts.
When replacing “*” marked screws, bolt and nuts, apply engine oil to their threads and seats before reassembly.
The letter “M” in size and pitch means that the screw, bolt or nut dimension is metric. The size is the nominal outside
diameter in mm of the threads. The pitch is the nominal distance in mm between two threads.
Item
Cylinder Head Cover Bolt
Injection Pipe Retaining Nut
Overflow Pipe Retaining Bolt
Nozzle Holder Assembly
Glow Plug
*Rocker Arm Bracket Bolt
*Cylinder Head Bolt
*Fan Drive Pulley Bolt
*Idle Gear Shaft Mounting Bolt
Oil Pump Mounting Bolt
*Connecting Rod Bolt
*Flywheel Bolt
*Bearing Case Cover Mounting Bolt
*Main Bearing Case Bolt 2
*Main Bearing Case Bolt 1
Nozzle Holder
Overflow Pipe
Nozzle Holder Assembly
Oil Pressure Switch
Starter (C Terminal Nut) (CT2--29--TV)
Starter (B Terminal Nut) (CT3--44--TV)
Starter (C Terminal Nut) (CT3--44--TV)
Drain Plug W/ Copper Gasket
Drain Plug W/ Copper Gasket
Drain Plug W/ Rubber Coated Gasket
Size x Pitch
M6 x 1.0
M12 x 1.5
M12 x 1.5
M20 x 1.5
M8 x 1
M6 x 1
M8 x 1.25
M12 x 1.5
M6 x 1
M8 x 1.25
M7 x 0.75
M10 x 1.25
M6 x 1
M7 x 1
M6 x 1
---PT1/8
M8
M8
M8
M12 x 1.25
M22 x 1.5
M12 x 1.25
N.m
6.9 to 11.3
24.5 to 34.3
19.6 to 24.5
49.0 to 68.6
7.85 to 14.7
9.8 to 11.3
37.3 to 42.2
117.7 to 127.5
9.8 to 11.3
17.7 to 21.6
26.5 to 30.4
53.9 to 58.8
9.8 to 11.3
26.5 to 30.4
12.7 to 15.7
34.3 to 39.2
19.6 to 24.5
49.0 to 68.6
14.7 to 19.6
7.8 to 9.8
8.8 to 11.8
5.9 to 11.8
32.4 to 37.3
63.7 to 73.5
44.1 to 53.9
kgf.m
0.7 to 1.15
2.5 to 3.5
2.0 to 2.5
5.0 to 7.0
0.8 to 1.5
1.0 to 1.15
3.8 to 4.3
12.0 to 13.0
1.0 to 1.15
1.8 to 2.2
2.7 to 3.1
5.5 to 6.0
1.00 to 1.15
2.7 to 3.1
1.3 to 1.6
3.5 to 4.0
2.0 to 2.5
5.0 to 7.0
1.5 to 2.0
0.8 to 1.0
0.9 to 1.2
0.6 to 1.2
3.3 to 3.8
6.5 to 7.5
4.5 to 5.5
ft--lbs
5.1 to 8.3
18.1 to 25.3
14.5 to 18.1
36.2 to 50.6
5.8 to 10.8
7.2 to 8.3
27.5 to 31.1
86.8 to 94.0
7.2 to 8.3
13.0 to 15.9
19.5 to 22.4
39.8 to 43.4
7.2 to 8.3
19.5 to 22.4
9.4 to 11.6
25.3 to 28.9
14.5 to 18.1
36.2 to 50.6
10.8 to 14.5
5.8 to 7.2
6.5 to 8.7
4.3 to 8.7
23.9 to 27.5
47.0 to 54.2
32.5 to 39.8
1.4.2 Torque Specifications For General Use Screws, Bolts and Nuts
Standard Screw and Bolt Grade 4
M6
M8
M10
M12
N.m
7.9 to 9.3
17.7 to 20.6
39.2 to 45.1
62.8 to 72.6
kgf.m
0.80 to 0.95
1.8 to 2.1
4.0 to 4.6
6.4 to 7.4
ft--lbs
5.8 to 6.9
13.0 to 15.2
28.9 to 33.3
46.3 to 53.5
Special Screw and Bolt Grade 7
N.m
9.8 to 11.3
23.5 to 27.5
48.1 to 55.9
77.5 to 90.2
kgf.m
1.00 to 1.15
2.4 to 2.8
4.9 to 5.7
7.9 to 9.2
ft--lbs
7.23 to 8.32
17.4 to 20.3
35.4 to 41.2
57.1 to 66.5
Screw and bolt material grades are shown by numbers punched on the screw and bolt heads. Prior to tightening, be
sure to check out the numbers as shown below
Punched Number
None or 4
7
62--11161
Screw And Bolt Material Grade
Standard Screw And Bolt SS41, S20C
Special Screw And Bolt S43C, S48C (Refined)
1--4
1.5 TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Probable Cause
No fuel
Air in the fuel system
Water in the fuel system
Engine Does Not
Start
Fuel pipe clogged
Fuel filter clogged
Excessively high viscosity of fuel or engine oil
at low temperature
Fuel with low cetane number
Fuel leak due to loose injection pipe retaining
nut
Incorrect injection timing
Fuel camshaft worn
Injection nozzle clogged
Injection pump malfunctioning
Seizure of crankshaft, camshaft, piston,
cylinder or bearing
Compression leak from cylinder
Improper valve timing
(Starter Does Not
Run)
Engine Revolution
Is Not Smooth
Piston ring and cylinder worn
Excessive valve clearance
Battery discharged
Starter malfunctioning
Wiring disconnected
Fuel filter clogged or dirty
Air cleaner clogged or dirty
Fuel leak due to loose injection pipe retaining
nut
Injection pump malfunctioning
Incorrect nozzle injection pressure
Injection nozzle stuck or clogged
Governor malfunctioning
Excessive engine oil
Either White or Blue
Exhaust Gas Is
Observed
Piston ring and liner worn or ring stuck
Incorrect Injection timing
Deficient compression
1--5
Solution
Replenish fuel
Vent Air
Change fuel and
repair or replace fuel
system
Clean
Clean or change
Use specified fuel or
engine oil
Use specified fuel
Reference
Tighten retaining nut
2.2.4.b
Adjust
Replace
Replace
Replace
1.7.5
1.7.5
1.7.5
----
5.1.1
2.2.6.g
5.2.1/5.2.2
--
Repair or Replace
--
Replace head
gasket, tighten
cylinder head screw,
glow plug and nozzle
holder
--
Correct or replace
timing gear
Replace
Adjust
Charge
Repair or replace
Connect
Clean or change
Clean or change
2.2.6.e
2.3.3.d
1.7.6
6.2/6.3
-1.7.5
--
Tighten retaining nut
--
Replace
Replace
Replace
Repair
Reduce to specified
level
Repair or replace
Adjust
Check the cylinder
compression
pressure and top
clearance
2.2.6.a
5.2.2
5.2.2
2.2.6.g
1.7.1
2.3.3.d
5.1.1
2.1.1
62--11161
1.5 TROUBLESHOOTING (Continued)
Symptom
Either Black or Dark
Exhaust Gas Is
Observed
Probable Cause
Overload
Low grade fuel used
Fuel filter clogged
Air cleaner clogged
Deficient nozzle injection
Incorrect injection timing
Engine’s moving parts seem to be seizing
Uneven fuel injection
Deficient Output
Deficient nozzle injection
Compression leak
Piston ring’s gap facing the same direction
Excessive Lubricant
Oil Consumption
Fuel Mixed into
Lubricant Oil
Water Mixed into
Lubricant Oil
Low Oil Pressure
Oil ring worn or stuck
Piston ring groove worn
Valve stem and valve guide worn
Oil leaking due to defective seals or packing
Injection pump’s plunger worn
Deficient nozzle injection
Injection pump broken
Head gasket defective
Cylinder block or cylinder head flawed
Engine oil level low
Oil filter cartridge clogged
Relief valve stuck with dirt
Relief valve spring weak or broken
Excessive clearance of crankshaft bearing
Excessive clearance of crankpin bearing
Excessive clearance of rocker arm
Oil passage clogged
Incorrect oil type
Oil pump defective
High Oil Pressure
Incorrect oil type
Relief valve defective
62--11161
1--6
Solution
Lesson load
Use specified fuel
Clean or change
Clean or change
Replace nozzle
Adjust
Repair or replace
Replace injection
pump
Repair or replace
nozzle
Check the
compression
pressure and repair
Shift ring gap
direction
Replace
Replace worn piston
Replace
Replace
Replace Injection
pump
Replace nozzle
Replace
Replace
Replace
Replenish
Replace
Clean
Replace
Replace
Replace
Replace
Clean
Use specified type of
oil
Repair or replace
Use specified type of
oil
Replace
Reference
----5.2.4
5.1.1
-2.2.6.a
5.2.4
2.1.1
2.2.7.b
2.3.3.d
2.3.3.e
2.3.1.d
-5.1
5.2.4
5.1
2.2.4.e
---3.1.5
3.1.5
2.3.4.d
2.3.4.c
2.3.1.k
--2.2.6.h/3.2
-3.1.5
1.5 TROUBLESHOOTING (Continued)
Symptom
Engine Overheated
Probable Cause
Engine oil level low
Fan belt broken or improperly tensioned
Coolant insufficient
Radiator net and radiator fin clogged with dust
Inside of radiator corroded
Coolant flow route corroded
Radiator cap defective
Radiator hose defective
Running overloaded
Head gasket defective
Incorrect injection timing
Unsuitable fuel used
Battery electrolyte level low
Fan belt slips
Low Battery Charge
Wiring disconnected
Rectifier defective
Alternator defective
Battery defective
1--7
Solution
Replenish
Replace or adjust
Replenish
Clean
Clean or replace
Clean or replace
Replace
Replace
Reduce load
Replace
Adjust
Use specified fuel
Replenish distilled
water and charge
Adjust belt tension or
change belt
Connect
Replace
Replace
Change
Reference
---------2.2.4.e
---------
62--11161
1.6 SERVICING SPECIFICATIONS
1.6.1 Engine Body
Item
Factory Specification
0.145 to 0.185 mm
0.00571 to 0.00728 in.
2.84 to 3.24 MPa
29.0 to 33 kgf/cm2
412 to 469 psi
-0.50 to 0.70 mm
0.0197 to 0.0276 in.
Valve Clearance (Cold)
Compression Pressure
Difference Between Cylinders
Top Clearance
Cylinder Head Surface
Flatness
Valve Recessing (Intake and Exhaust)
Clearance
Valve Stem to Valve Guide
Valve Face
Valve Stem
O.D.
Valve Guide
I.D.
Angle
Angle
Valve Seat
Width
Free Length
Valve Spring
Tilt
--
Setting Load/
Setting Length
Clearance
Rocker Arm Shaft to Rocker Arm
Rocker Arm
Shaft (O.D.)
Rocker Arm (I.D.)
Push Rod
Alignment
Clearance
Tappet to Tappet Guide
Tappet (O.D.)
Tappet Guide
(I.D.)
62--11161
--0.10 to 0.10 mm
--0.0039 to 0.0039 in.
0.030 to 0.057 mm
0.00118 to 0.00224 in.
5.968 to 5.980 mm
0.23496 to 0.23543 in.
6.010 to 6.025 mm.
0.23661 to 0.23720 in.
0.785 rad.
45°
0.785 rad.
45°
2.12 mm
0.0835 in.
31.3 to 31.8 mm
1.232 to 1.252 in.
1--8
64.7 N / 27.0 mm
6.6 kgf / 27.0 mm
14.6 lbs. / 1.063 in.
0.016 to 0.045 mm
0.00063 to 0.00177 in.
10.473 to 10.484 mm
0.41232 to 0.41276 in.
10.500 to 10.518 mm
0.41339 to 0.41410 in.
-0.016 to 0.052 mm
0.00063 to 0.00205 in.
17.966 to 17.984 mm
0.70732 to 0.70803 in.
18.000 to 18.018 mm
0.70866 to 0.70937 in.
Allowable Limit
-2.26 MPa
23.0kgf/cm2
327 psi
10% or less
-0.05 mm
0.0020 in.
0.30 mm
0.0118 in.
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
-----28.4 mm
1.118 in.
1.2 mm
0.047 in.
54.9N / 27.0 mm
5.6kgf / 27.0 mm
12.3lbs /1.063 in.
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
--0.25mm
0.0098 in.
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
---
1.6.1 Engine Body (Continued)
Item
Timing Gear
Idle Gear
Crank Gear to
Idle Gear
(Backlash)
Idle Gear to Cam
Gear (Backlash)
Idle Gear to Injection Pump Gear
(Backlash)
Crank Gear to Oil
Pump Gear
(Backlash)
Side Clearance
Side Clearance
Camshaft
Alignment
Height
(Intake / Exhaust)
Clearance
Camshaft Journal to Cylinder Block Bore
Idle Gear Shaft to Idle Gear Bushing
Piston Pin Bore
Camshaft
Journal (O.D.)
Cylinder Block
Bore (I.D.)
Clearance
Idle Gear Shaft
(O.D.)
Idle Gear Bushing
(I.D.)
I.D.
Clearance
Piston Pin to Small End Bushing
Piston Pin (O.D.)
Small End
Bushing (I.D.)
Piston Pin to Small End Bushing
(Spare Parts)
Clearance
Small End
Bushing (I.D.)
Top Ring
Piston Ring Gap
Second Ring
Oil Rng
1--9
Factory Specification
Allowable Limit
0.043 to 0.124 mm
0.00169 to 0.00488 in.
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
0.047 to 0.123 mm
0.00185 to 0.00484 in.
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
0.046 to 0.124 mm
0.00181 to 0.00488 in.
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
0.041 to 0.123 mm
0.00161 to 0.00484 in.
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
0.20 to 0.51 mm
0.0079 to 0.0201 in.
0.15 to 0.31 mm
0.0059 to 0.0122 in.
0.80 mm
0.0315 in.
0.50 mm
0.0197 In.
0.01 mm
0.0004 In.
26.83 mm
1.0563 In.
0.15 mm
0.00059 in.
-26.88 mm
1.0583 in.
0.050 to 0.091 mm
0.00197 to 0.00358 in.
32.934 to 32.950 mm
1.29661 to 1.29724 in
33.000 to 33.025 mm
1.29921 to 1.30020
0.020 to 0.084 mm
0.00079 to 0.00331 in.
19.967 to 19.980 mm
0.78610 to 0.78661 in.
20.000 to 20.051 mm
0.78740 to 0.78791 in.
20.000 to 20.013 mm
0.78740 to 0.78941 in.
0.014 to 0.038 mm
0.00055 to 0.00150 in.
20.002 to 20.011 mm
0.78748 to 0.78783 in.
20.025 to 20.040 mm
0.78839 to 0.78897 in.
0.015 to 0.075 mm
0.00059 to 0.00295 in.
20.026 to 20.077 mm
0.78845 to 0.79043 in.
0.15 to 0.30 mm
0.0059 to 0.0118 in.
0.30 to 0.45 mm
0.0118 to 0.0177 in.
0.15 to 0.30 mm
0.0059 to 0.0118 in.
--0.1 mm
0.0039 in.
--20.05 mm
0.7894 in.
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
--0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
-1.20 mm
0.0472 in.
1.20 mm
0.0472 in.
1.20 mm
0.0472 in.
62--11161
1.6.1 Engine Body (Continued)
Item
Piston Ring to Piston Ring Groove
Connecting Rod
Second Ring
Clearance
Oil Ring
Clearance
Alignment
Side Clearance
Crankshaft
Alignment
Oil Clearance
Crankpin to Crankpin Bearing
Crankpin (O.D.)
Crankpin Bearing
(I.D.)
Oil Clearance
Crankshaft Journal to Crankshaft Bearing1
Crankshaft
Journal (O.D.)
Crankshaft
Bearing1 (I.D.)
Oil Clearance
Crankshaft Journal to Crankshaft Bearing2
(Flywheel Side)
Crankshaft
Journal (O.D.)
Crankshaft
Bearing2 (I.D.)
Oil Clearance
Crankshaft Journal to Crankshaft Bearing3
(Intermediate)
Crankshaft
Journal (O.D.)
Crankshaft
Bearing3 (I.D.)
I.D. (Standard)
Cylinder Liner
62--11161
I.D. (Oversize) :
0.25mm
0.0098in.
1--10
Factory Specification
0.090 to 0.120 mm
0.00354 to 0.00472 in.
0.040 to 0.080 mm
0.0016 to 0.0031 in.
-0.15 to 0.31 mm
0.0059 to 0.0122 in.
-0.020 to 0.051 mm
0.00079 to 0.00201 in.
33.959 to 33.975 mm
1.33697 to 1.33760 in.
33.995 to 34.010 mm
1.33893 to 1.33898 in.
0.034 to 0.106 mm
0.00134 to 0.00417 in.
39.934 to 39.950 mm
1.57221 to 1.57284 in.
39.984 to 40.040 mm
1.57148 to 1.57638 in.
0.028 to 0.051 mm
0.00110 to 0.00201 in.
43.934 to 43.950 mm
1.72968 to 1.73031 in.
43.984 to 44.026 mm
1.73165 to 1.73331 in.
0.028 to 0.051 mm
0.00110 to 0.00201 in.
39.934 to 39.950 mm
1.57221 to 1.57284 in.
39.984 to 40.026 mm
1.57417 to 1.57583 in.
67.000 to 67.019mm
2.63779 to 2.63854 in.
67.250 to 67.269mm
2.64764 to 2.64839 in.
Allowable Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
0.05 mm
0.0020 in.
0.50 mm
0.0197 in.
0.02 mm
0.0008 in.
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
--0.20 mm
0.0079 in.
--0.20 mm
0.0079 in.
--0.20 mm
0.0079 in.
--67.150 mm
2.64370 in.
67.400mm
2.65354 in.
1.6.2 Lubricating System
Item
At Idle Speed
Engine Oil Pressure*
At Rated Speed
Inner Rotor to Outer Rotor
Clearance
Outer Rotor to Pump Body
Clearance
Inner Rotor to Cover
Clearance
Factory Specification
More than 49kPa
0.5 kgf/cm2 / 7 psi
196 to 441 kPa
2.0 to 4.5kgf/cm2 / 28 to 64 psi
0.03 to 0.14 mm
0.0012 to 0.0055 in.
0.07 to 0.15 mm
0.0028 to 0.0059 in.
0.075 to 0.135 mm
0.00295 to 0.00531 in.
Allowable Limit
-147kPa
1.5kgf/cm2 / 21 psi
----
*Engines installed in Genesis, Solara and Supra units use an oil pressure safety switch which opens at
105 kPa / 1.06 kgf/cm2 / 15 psi.
1.6.3 Cooling System
Item
Factory Specification
7.0 to 9.0 mm at 98N
0.28 to 0.35 in. at 98N
(10kgf, 22 lbs.)
V--Belt
Tension
Thermostat
Valve Opening
Temperature
(At Beginning)
Valve Opening
Temperature
(Opened Completely)
Radiator Cap
Pressure Falling Time
Radiator
Leakage Test
Pressure
Allowable Limit
--
69.5 to 72.5°C
157 to 162.5°F
--
85°C
185°F
--
10 seconds or more
88 to 59kPa
0.9 to 0.6 kgf/cm2
13 to 9 psi
No leaks at specified
pressure
157 kPa / 1.6 kgf/cm2
23 psi
--
--
1.6.4 Fuel System
Item
Factory Specification
0.33 to 0.37 rad. (19° to
21°) before T.D.C
Injection Pump
Injection Timing
(3600 min--1 rpm)
Pump Element
Fuel Tightness
--
Fuel Tightness
10 seconds
13.73 to12.75 MPa
140 to130 kgf/cm2
1991 to 1849 psi
Delivery Valve
Injection Pressure
Fuel Injection Nozzle
Valve Seat
Tightness
1--11
13.73 to 14.71 MPa
140 to 150 kgf/cm2
1991 to 2134 psi
When the pressure is
12.75 MPa
(130 kgf/cm2,1849 psi) the
Allowable Limit
-13.73 MPa
140 kgf/cm2
1991 psi
5 seconds
13.73 to12.75
MPa
140 to130 kgf/cm2
1991 to 1849 psi
--
--
valve must not pass fuel
62--11161
1.6.5 Electrical System
Item
Glow Plug
Factory Specification
Approximately 0.9 OHM
28.0 mm
1.1.102 in.
30.0 mm
1.181 in.
Less than 0.05 mm
0.0002 in.
Less than 0.02 mm
0.0008 in.
0.50 to 0.80 mm
0.0197 to 0.0315 in.
0.16 mm
0.630 in.
0.14 mm
0.551 in.
Resistance
CT2--29--TV
Commutator O.D.
CT3--44--TV
CT2--29--TV
Difference of O.D.
CT3--44--TV
Starter
Mica
Undercut
CT2--29--TV
Brush Length
CT3--44--TV
1.7 CHECK AND MAINTENANCE
1.7.1 Checking Engine Oil Level
1. Refer to Section 3.1
1.7.2 Changing Engine Oil
1. Refer to Section 3.1
1.7.3 Checking Coolant Level
1. Refer to Section 4.1.3
1.7.4 Checking Fuel Hose
1. If the clamp is loose, apply oil to the threads and
securely retighten it.
2. The fuel hose is made of rubber and ages regardless
of the service period. Change the hose and clamps
together every two years.
3. Change the fuel hose and clamps whenever any deterioration or damage is detected.
4. After the fuel hose and clamps have been changed,
bleed air out of the fuel system.
CAUTION
1.7.5 Bleeding Fuel System
1
1. Open the air vent cock (1) on top of the fuel injection
pump. (Available on Solara, Supra and Genesis units
only.)
2. Energize the electric fuel pump for a period of 10 to 15
seconds, or just long enough to expel fuel through the
air vent cock.
3. Close the air vent cock (1).
NOTE
Stop the engine when attempting to check
and change the fuel line.
62--11161
Allowable Limit
-27.0 mm
1.063 in.
29.0 mm
1.142 in.
0.4 mm
0.016 in.
0.05 mm
0.0020 in.
0.20 mm
0.0079 in.
10.5 mm
0.413 in.
9.0 mm
0.354 in.
Always keep the air vent cock on the fuel injection pump closed except when bleeding the fuel
system, or the engine may not run.
1--12
1.7.6 Valve Clearance
NOTE
Valve clearance must be checked and adjusted
when the engine is cold.
1. Remove the valve cover (1).
2. Align the “1TC” mark line (2) on the flywheel and projection (3) on the housing so that the Number 1 piston
comes to compression top dead center (TDC).
3. Check the following valve clearance marked with “*”
(at TDC) using a feeler guage.
4. If the clearance is not within the factory specifications, adjust with the adjusting screw.
5. Then turn the flywheel 6.28 rad (360°), and align the
“1TC” mark (2) on the flywheel and alignment mark
(3) on the rear end plate so that the No. 1 piston come
to the overlap position.
6. Check the following valve clearance marked with “*”
(past TDC) using a feeler guage.
Valve
Arrangement
CT2--29--TV
Piston Location in Cylinder
When No. 1 piston is at TDC
No. 1
IN.
EX.
*
*
*
No. 2
When No. 1 piston is past TDC
No. 1
No. 2
Valve
Arrangement
CT3--44--TV
Piston Location in Cylinder
No. 1
When No. 1 piston is at TDC
*
IN.
EX.
*
*
*
No. 2
No. 3
*
No. 1
When No. 1 piston is past TDC
No. 2
No. 3
*
*
7. If the clearance is not within the factory specifications, adjust with the adjusting screw.
NOTE
The sequence of cylinder numbers is given as
No.1, No.2 and No.3 starting from the gear case
end.
After adjusting the valve clearance, secure the
adjusting screw with the lock nut.
1. Cylinder Head Cover
2. “1TC” Mark
3. Alignment Mark
A. Gear Case End
a. CT2--29--TV
b. CT3--44--TV
1--13
62--11161
1.8 SPECIAL TOOLS
Additional tools may be found in the Carrier Transicold Performance Parts Service Tool Catalog Number
62--03213.
1.8.1 Diesel Engine Compression Tester (Glow
Plug)
Part No.
07--00179--01 (Assembly)
Application:
Use to measure diesel engine
compression and diagnosis for
major overhaul.
1.8.2 Adapter, Kubota 10 mm
Part No.
07--00179--05
Application:
Accessory for 07--00179--01
1.8.3 Tester Injector Nozzle
Part No.
07--00140--00
Application:
Injector nozzle tester kit used for
checking and adjusting of the fuel injectors in diesel
engines.
1.8.4 Replacement Bowl, Tester Injector Nozzle
Part No.
07--00140--10
Application:
Accessory for 07--00140--00
1.8.5 Adapter, Injector Line
Part No.
07--00036--00
Application:
Accessory for 07--00140--00
62--11161
1--14
1.8 SPECIAL TOOLS (Continued)
1.8.6 Oil Pressure Tester
Code No.
07916--32032
Application:
Use to measure
pressure.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Guage
Adapter 2
Cable
Adapter 3
5.
6.
7.
8.
lubricating
oil
Threaded Joint
Adapter 4
Adaptor 1
Adaptor 3
1.8.7 Auxiliary Socket For Fixing Crankshaft
Sleeve
Code No.
Application:
07916--32091
Use to fix the crankshaft sleeve of the
diesel engine.
1.8.8 Guage, Belt Tension
Part No.
07--00203--00
Application:
Used to adjust belt tension of all
cogged V--belts.
1.8.9 Tester, Belt Tension
Part No.
07--00253--00
Application:
Used to test belt tension.
1.8.10 Rubber Band
Part No.
07--00253--01
Application:
Replacement part for belt tension
tester (Part No. 07--00253--00)
1--15
62--11161
1.8 SPECIAL TOOLS (Continued)
The following are drawings for special tools that may need to be fabricated.
1.8.11 Valve Guide Replacing Tool
Application: Use to press out and press fit the valve
guide.
A
20 mm dia. (0.79 in. dia.)
B
11.7 to 11.9 mm dia. (0.460 to 0.468 in. dia.)
C
6.5 to 6.6 mm dia. (0.256 to 0.259 in. dia.)
D
225 mm (8.86 in.)
E
70 mm (2.76 in.)
F
45 mm (1.77 in.)
G
25 mm (0.98 in.)
H
5 mm (0.197 in.)
I
6.7 to 7.0 mm dia. (0.263 to 0.275 in. dia.)
J
20 mm dia. (0.787 in. dia.)
K
12.5 to 12.8 mm dia. (0.492 to 0.504 in. dia.)
L
8.9 to 9.1 mm (0.350 to 0.358 in.)
C1
Chamfer 1.0 mm (0.039in.)
C2
Chamfer 2.0 mm (0.079in.)
C0.3 Chamfer 0.3 mm (0.012in.)
1.8.12 Bushing Replacing Tools
Application: Use to press out and press fit the bushing.
1. For small end bushing.
A
145 mm (5.71 in.)
B
20 mm (0.79 in.)
C
100 mm (3.94 in.)
D
19.90 to 19.95 mm (0.7835 to 0.7854 in.) dia.
E
21.90 to 21.95 mm (0.8622 to 0.8642 in.) dia.
F
25.00 mm (098 in.) dia.
a
6.3 μm (250 μin.)
b
6.3 μm (250 μin.)
2. For idle gear bushing.
A
150 mm (5.91 in.)
B
20 mm (0.79 in.)
C
100 mm (3.94 in.)
D
19.90 to 19.95.95 mm (0.7835 to 0.7854 in.)
E
21.90 to 21.95 mm (0.8622 to 0.8642 in.) dia.
F
25 mm (0.98 in.)
a
6.3 μm (250 μin.)
b
6.3 μm (250 μin.)
1.8.13 Flywheel Stopper
Application: Use to loosen and tighten the flywheel
screw.
A
200 mm (7.87 in.)
B
20 mm (0.79 in.)
C
30 mm (1.18 in.)
D
8 mm (0.31 in.)
E
10 mm (0.39 in.)
62--11161
1--16
1.8 SPECIAL TOOLS (Continued)
1.8.14 Crankshaft Bearing 1 Replacing Tool
Application: Use to press out and press fit the crankshaft
bearing No. 1
1. Extracting tool
135 mm (5.31 in.)
A
B
72 mm (2.83 in.)
C
40 mm radius (1.57 in. radius)
D
10 mm (0.39 in.)
E
22 mm (0.87 in.)
F
20 mm dia. (0.79 in. dia.)
G
47.90 to 47.95 mm dia. (1.8858 to 1.8878 in. dia.)
H
43.90 to 43.95 mm dia. (1.7283 to 1.7303 in. dia.)
2. Installing tool
A
130 mm (5.12 in.)
B
72 mm (2.83 in.)
C
40 mm radius (1.57 in. radius)
D
9 mm (0.35 in.)
E
24 mm (0.95 in.)
F
20 mm dia. (0.79 in.dia.)
G
68 mm dia. (2.68 in. dia.)
H
39.90 to 39.95 mm dia. (1.5709 to 1.5728 in. dia.)
1--17
62--11161
SECTION 2
ENGINE BODY
2.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING
2.1.1 Compression Pressure
2.1.2 Top Clearance
1. Run the engine until it is warmed up.
2. Stop the engine and disconnect the 2P connector
from the stop solenoid to prevent fuel delivery to the
engine.
3. Remove the the air cleaner, the muffler and all the
glow plugs.
4. Install a compression tester with the adapter in one of
the glow plug holes.
5. While cranking the engine with the starter measure
the compression pressure.
6. Repeat steps 1 thru 5 for each cylinder.
1. Piston
7. If the measurement is below the allowable limit, add a
small amount of oil to the cylinder thru the glow plug
hole and measure the compression again.
2. Plastigage
a. If the compression pressure is still less than the allowable limit, check the top clearance, valves and
cylinder head.
1. Remove the valve cover. Refer to 2.2.4.a.
b. If the compression pressure increases after applying
oil, check the cylinder wall and piston rings.
3. Move the piston (1) up and stick a strip of plastigage
(2) on the piston head at three positions shown on the
illustration.
NOTE
4. Lower the piston and install the cylinder head. (Use a
new cylinder head gasket and tighten the cylinder
head bolts to the proper torque.
2. Remove the cylinder head.
Check the compression pressure with the specified valve clearance
5. Turn the flywheel until the piston (1) passes through
top dead center.
Always use a fully charged battery for performing this test.
6. Remove the cylinder head and measure the plastigage .
Variances in cylinder compression values
should be under 10%.
Compression
Pressure
Factory
Specification
2.84 to 3.24 MPa
29 to 33 kgt/cm2
412 to 469 psi
Allowable Limit
2.26 MPa
23 kgt/cm2
327 psi
7. If the measurement is not within the factory specifications, check the clearances between the crank pin
and bearing and between the piston pin and bushing.
2--1
Top Clearance
Factory
Specification
0.50 to 0.70 mm
0.0197 to 0.0276 in.
Tightening
Torque
Cylinder Head
Bolts
37.3 to 42.2 N.m
3.8 to 4.3 kgf.m
27.5 to 31.1 ft--lbs
62--11161
2.2 DISASSEMBLING AND ASSEMBLING
2.2.1 Draining Coolant
Refer to Section 4.
2.2.2 Draining and Refilling Engine Oil
Refer to Section 3.
2.2.3 External Components
Alternator, Starter and Others
1. Remove the air cleaner and muffler.
2. Remove the engine stop solenoid (1) (if so equipped).
3. Remove the fan (2), fan belt (3), alternator and starter.
4. Remove the alternator.
5. Remove the starter.
When Reassembling
Replace the starter.
Replace the alternator.
Replace the fan, fan belt, alternator and starter.
NOTE
When reinstalling the fan, make sure that it is
seated correctly.
Check to see that there are no cracks in the fan
belt.
After reinstaling the fan belt, be sure to adjust
the fan belt tension. (Refer to Section 4.1.1.)
Replace the engine stop solenoid (1) (if so equipped)
and adjust the linkage so that engine stop lever (5) rests
against the stopper (4) when the engine stop solenoid is
not energized. There should be no tension on the
plunger arm (7) when the engine stop solenoid is not
energized. Adjustment is accomplished by loosening
the engine stop mounting screws and moving the
engine stop solenoid (1).
62--11161
2--2
2.2.4 Cylinder Head And Valves
2.2.4.a Valve Cover
1. Remove the breather tube (1).
2. Remove the valve cover bolts (2).
3. Remove the valve cover (3).
When Reassembling
Check to see that the valve cover gasket is in good
condition and in place.
Tightening
Torque
Valve Cover
Bolts
6.86 to 11.3 N.m
0.7 to 1.15 kgf.m
5.1 to 8.32 ft--lbs
2.2.4.b Injection Pipes
1. Loosen the screws on the pipe clamps (1).
2. Detach the injection pipes (2).
When Reassembling
Blow out any debris that may be in the pipes with
compressed air, then reassemble pipes.
Tightening
Torque
Injection Pipe
Retaining
Nut
24.5 to 34.3 N.m
2.5 to 3.5 kgf.m
18.1 to 25.3 ft--lbs
2.2.4.c Nozzle Holder Assembly and Glow Plug
1. Remove the overflow pipe assembly (1).
2. Remove the nozzle holder assemblies (2).
3. Remove the copper gasket (5) and heat seal (6).
4. Remove the glow plug buss bar (3) from the glow
plugs (4).
5. Remove the glow plugs (4).
When Reassembling
1. Overflow Pipe
2. Nozzle Holder Assembly
3. Glow Plug Bus Bar
4. Glow Plug
5. Copper Gasket
6. Heat Seal
Replace the copper gasket(s) and heat seal(s) with a
new one(s).
Tightening
Torque
2--3
Nozzle Holder
Assembly
49.0 to 68.6 N.m
5.0 to 7.0 kgf.m
36.2 to 50.6 ft--lbs
Overflow Pipe
Assembly
Retaining Nut
19.6 to 24.5 N.m
2.0 to 2.5 kgf.m
14.5 to 18.1 ft--lbs
Glow Plug
7.85 to 14.7 N.m
0.8 to 1.5 kgf.m
5.8 to 10.8 ft--lbs
62--11161
2.2.4 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.2.4.d Rocker Arm and Push Rod
1. Remove the rocker arm bracket mounting bolts (1).
2. Detach the rocker arm assembly (2).
3. Remove the push rods (3).
When Reassembling
When putting the push rods (3) onto the tappets (4),
check to see if the end are properly engaged with the
dimples.
1. Rocker Arm Bracket Bolts
2. Rocker Arm Assembly
NOTE
After instaling the rocker arm, be sure to adjust
the valve clearance (Refer to Section 1.7.6).
Tightening
Torque
Rocker Arm
Bracket Mounting
Bolt
9.8 to11.3 N.m
1.00 to 1.15 kgf.m
7.2 to 8.3 ft--lbs
2.2.4.e Cylinder Head
1. Loosen the hose clamps (1), and remove the water
return hose (2).
2. Remove the cylinder head bolts in the order of a: (10
to 1) or b: (14 to 1).
3. Lift up the cylinder head and remove.
4. Remove the cylinder head gasket and O--ring (3).
When Reassembling
Replace the cylinder head gasket with a new one.
Install the cylinder head, taking care not to damage the
O--ring (3).
a
10
6
3
2
7
1
9
B
8
b
14
13
1.
2.
3
a.
4
5
10
9
Hose Clamp
Water Return Hose
O--ring
CT2--29--TV
62--11161
7
2
6
3
11
5
4
12
1
Apply oil to, then re--install the cylinder head bolts.
Tighten the cylinder head bolts in sequence starting
from the center in the order of a: (1 to 10) or b: (1 to 14)..
8
Retighten the head bolts after running the engine for 30
minutes.
b. CT3--44--TV
A: Gear Case Side
B: Flywheel Side
Tightening
Torque
2--4
Cylinder Head
Bolt
37.3 to 42.2 N.m
3.8 to 4.3 kgf.m
27.5 to 31.1 ft--lbs
2.2.4 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.2.4.f Tappets
1. Remove the tappets (1) from the crankcase.
2. Visually check the tappets for any abnormal camshaft
contact wear pattern. If unusual wear/damage has
occurred, replace the tappet.
3. Coat the tappets with engine oil before reinstalling
them back into the crankcase.
NOTE
The tappets must always be reinstalled in their
original bores.
2.2.4.g Valves
1. Remove the valve caps (2).
2. Remove the valve spring collet (3), pushing the valve
spring retainer (4) by the valve spring compressor (1).
3. Remove the valve spring retainer (4), valve spring (5)
and valve stem seal (6).
4. Remove the valve (7).
When Reassembling
Clean the valve stem and the valve guide. Apply engine
oil to the valve stem when reassembling.
After installing the valve spring collets (3), lightly tap the
stem with a plastic hammer to assure the collets have
seated on the valve stem.
NOTE
When re--installing valves into the cylinder
head, make sure that they are re--installed in
their original location.
2--5
62--11161
2.2.5 Oil Pan and Oil Pick--up Screen
CT2--29--TV
(1)
1. Remove the oil pan mounting bolts.
2. Remove the oil pan by lightly tapping the side of the
pan with a soft hammer.
3. Scrape off the old adhesive from the mating surfaces
of the oil pan and the engine block completely.
4. Remove the oil pick--up screen (1).
(2)
5. Clean and Inspect the oil pick--up screen (1) for damage.
6. Visually inspect the oil pick--up screen O--ring (4) for
damage, oil it and reinstall.
7. CT2--29--TV engine, use hole labeled 2, CT3--44--TV
engine, use hole labeled 3 to install the pick--up
screen mounting bolt.
8. Apply gasket cement (sealer) so that the sealer is
about 3 to 5 mm (0.12 to 0.20 in.) thick around the
flange of the oil pan. Apply the sealer on the center of
the flange as well as on the inner wall of each bolt
hole.
9. Within 20 minutes after the application of the sealer,
replace the oil pan and mounting bolts.
CT3--44--TV
(1)
(3)
NOTE
(4)
(3) (2)
Refer to Section 1.4 for proper torque values on
all fasteners.
Sealer Location
62--11161
2--6
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft
2.2.6.a Injection Pump, Fuel Feed Pump and Speed
Control Plate (Solara, Supra, Genesis and
PC5000 Units Only.)
1. Remove the socket head screws and nuts, and remove the injection pump (1).
2. Remove the screws and separate the speed control
plate (2), taking care not to damage the governor
spring (4).
3. Disconnect the governor spring (4) and remove the
speed control plate (2).
4. Remove the fuel feed pump (3).
When Reassembling
Hook the governor spring (4) to the governor lever (5)
first and install the speed control plate (2).
Be sure to replace the copper gaskets underneath two
screws (6) in the speed control plate (2).
Position the slot (7) on the fork lever just under the slot
(8) on the crankcase.
Insert the injection pump (1) so that the control rod (10)
should be pushed by the idling adjusting spring (9) at its
end and the pin (11) on the rod engages with the slot (7)
on the fork lever.
NOTE
Sealant is applied to both sides of the shims,
gasket cement is not required for assembly.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Injection Pump
Speed Control Plate
Fuel Feed Pump
Governor Spring
Governor Lever
Screw and Copper Washer
When replacing the old gasket shims with new,
always replace with the same thickness and
number of gasket shims.
7. Slot (Fork Lever Side)
8. Slot (Crankcase Side)
9. Idling Adjusting Spring
10. Control Rod
11. Pin
Addition or reduction of shim (0.05 mm / 0.0020
in.) delays or advances the injection timing by
approximately 0.5°.
2--7
62--11161
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.2.6.b Injection Pump, Fuel Feed Pump and Speed
Control Plate (Z482--E2b--TFX--1 Only)
NOTE
Specific Tool (1): A 1.2mm (.050 inch) diameter
wire with a total length of 200mm (8 inch) with
the tip bent into a hook as depicted in the
illustration is required to hang the governor
springs.
A length of string passed thru the governor
spring (6) can be used to retrieve the spring if it
unhooks from both the specific tool (1) and the
speed control plate
1. Remove the socket head screws (2) and remove the
engine stop solenoid (4).
2. Remove the screws and separate the speed control
plate (5), taking care not to damage the governor
spring (6).
3. Disconnect the governor spring (6) and remove the
speed control plate (5) using the specific tool (1).
4. Remove the fuel feed pump (3).
5. Disconnect the start spring (8) from the bracket (9)
using the specific tool (1).
6. Remove the socket head screws and nuts, then remove the injection pump (7).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
62--11161
2--8
Specific Tool
Socket Head Screw
Fuel Feed Pump
Engine Stop Solenoid
Speed Control Plate
6.
7.
8.
9.
Governor Spring
Injection Pump
Start Spring
Bracket
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.2.6.b Injection Pump, Fuel Feed Pump and Speed
Control Plate (Z482--E2b--TFX--1 Only)
(Continued)
When Reassembling
1. Move the fork lever (1) to the gear case side.
2. Hook the start spring (7) to the injection pump control
rack pin (5).
3. Put the specific tool (8) through the fork lever hole of
the cylinder block (9) and hook the start spring (7).
4. Slightly extended the start spring (7) and install the injection pump (4).
NOTE
Make sure the control rod (6) makes contact
with the idling adjusting spring (2).
Make sure the injection pump control rack pin
(5) engages the fork lever (1).
A length of string passed thru the governor
spring (14) can be used to retrieve the spring if it
unhooks from both the specific tool and the
speed control plate
5. Hook the start spring (7) to the bracket (3) using the
specific tool (8).
6. Hook the governor springs (small and large) (14) to
the governor lever (13) using the specific tool and install the speed control plate (11). Use copper washers
with the two screws (12) when securing the speed
control plate.
7. Install the engine stop solenoid rod (15) into the guide
of the cylinder block (10) and secure the engine stop
solenoid (16) with hex head bolts.
NOTE
Be careful not to stretch the start spring (7) too
far or you risk permanently deforming it.
Be sure the start spring (7) is attached to the
bracket (3).
Sealant is applied to both sides of the shims,
gasket cement is not required for assembly.
When replacing the old gasket shims with new,
always replace with the same thickness and
number of gasket shims.
Addition or reduction of shim (0.05 mm / 0.0020
in.) delays or advances the injection timing by
approximately 0.5°.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fork Lever
Idling Adjusting Spring
Bracket
Injection Pump
Injection Pump Control
Rack Pin
6. Injection Pump Control Rod
7. Start Spring
8. Specific Tool
2--9
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Fork Lever Hole
Guide Hole
Speed Control Plate
Screw and Copper Washer
Governor Lever
Governor Spring
Engine Stop Solenoid Rod
Engine Stop Solenoid
62--11161
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.2.6.c Fan Drive Pulley
1. Secure the flywheel to keep it from turning.
2. Remove the fan drive pulley bolt.
3. Remove the fan drive pulley with a puller.
When Reassembling
Install the pulley to the crankshaft, aligning the mark (1)
on them.
Apply engine oil to the fan drive pulley retaining bolts
and tighten them.
Tightening
Torque
Fan Drive Pulley
Screw
117.7 to 127.5 N.m
12.0 to 13.0 kgf.m
86.8 to 94.0 ft--lbs
2.2.6.d Gear Case
1. Disconnect the start spring (2) from the fork lever 1
(3).
2. Remove the bolt (1) inside the gear case.
3. Remove the remaining bolts securing the gear case
to the engine block.
4. Remove the gear case.
When Reassembling
Apply a gasket sealer to both sides of the gear case
gasket.
Be sure the three O--rings in the gear case are in place.
1. Bolt (Inside)
2. Start Spring
62--11161
2--10
3. Fork Lever 1
4 Gear Case
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.2.6.e Idle Gear
1. Remove the external snap ring (3), the collar (2) and
the idle gear (1).
2. Remove the idle gear shaft mounting bolts (4).
3. Remove the idle gear shaft (5).
When Reassembling
Apply engine oil to the idle gear shaft mounting bolt (4)
and tighten them.
Install the idle gear, aligning the marks (6) on the gears.
Refer to the illustration.
Tightening
Torque
Idle Gear Shaft
Mounting Bolt
1. Idle Gear
2. Idle Gear Collar
3. External Snap Ring
9.8 to 11.3 N.m
1.00 to 1.15 kgf.m
7.2 to 8.3 ft--lbs
4. Idle Gear Shaft Mounting
Bolt
5.Idle Gear Shaft
6.Alignment Mark
2.2.6.f Camshaft
1. Remove the camshaft mounting screws (1) and draw
out the camshaft with the gear (2) on it.
When Reassembling
Apply engine oil to the camshaft journals before
installing it.
Apply engine oil to the camshaft mounting screws and
tighten them.
1. Camshaft Mounting Screw
2--11
2. Camshaft Gear
62--11161
2.2.6 Timing Gear, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.2.6.g Fuel Camshaft
1. Remove the retaining plate (1).
2. Remove the fork lever holder mounting bolts (8), then
draw out the injection pump gear (3) and fuel camshaft (2) with the governor fork assembly.
When Reassembling
Hook the governor spring (7) to the fork lever 2 (6) as
shown in the figure before installing the fork lever
assembly to the crankcase.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Retaining Plate
Fuel Camshaft
Injection Pump Gear
Governor Sleeve
Fork Lever 1
6. Fork Lever 2
7. Governor Spring
8. Fork Lever Holder Mounting
Bolt
2.2.6.h Oil Pump and Crankshaft Gears
1. Remove the oil pump gear (6).
2. Remove the oil pump mounting bolts, then the oil
pump (5).
3. Remove the collar (4), O--ring (3) and crankshaft oil
slinger (2).
4. Remove the crankshaft gear (1) with a puller.
When Reassembling
Begin reassembly by installing the crankshaft gear first.
Install the collar (4) after aligning the marks on the gear.
(See 2.2.6.e)
Replace the oil pump.
Tightening
Torque
Oil Pump
Mounting Bolt
1. Crankshaft Gear
2. Crankshaft Oil Slinger
3. O--ring
62--11161
2--12
17.7 to 21.6 N.m
1.8 to 2.2 kgf.m
13.0 to 15.9 ft--lbs
4. Crankshaft Collar
5. Oil Pump
6. Oil Pump Gear
2.2.7 Piston and Connecting Rod
2.2.7.a Connecting Rod
1. Remove the connecting rod caps (1) using a bihexagonal 8 mm socket.
When Reassembling
Align the marks (a) with each other. Face the marks
toward the injection pump.
Apply engine oil to the connecting rod bolts and lightly
screw them in by hand, then tighten to the specified
torque.
If the connecting rod bolt does not screw in smoothly,
clean the connecting rod and bolt threads.
Tightening
Torque
Connecting Rod
Bolt
1. Connecting Rod Cap
2--13
26.5 to 30.4 N.m
2.7 to 3.1 kgf.m
19.5 to 22.4 ft--lbs
a. Mark
62--11161
2.2.7 Piston and Connecting Rod (Continued)
2.2.7.b Pistons
1. Completely remove the carbon ridge at the top of the
cylinder walls.
2. Remove the the connecting rod cap.
3. Turn the flywheel and bring the piston to top dead
center.
4. Push the piston out by lightly tapping the connecting
rod from the bottom of the crankcase with the grip of a
hammer.
5. Repeat the procedure for the other cylinder(s).
When Reassembling
Liberally coat the piston and piston rings with engine oil.
When inserting the piston into the cylinder, face the
mark on the connecting rod to the injection pump.
NOTE
If re--installing the original piston assemblies
into the engine be sure that they are returned to
their original cylinder.
When installing the piston into the cylinder,
place the gaps of all the piston rings as shown in
the figure.
Carefully insert the pistons into the cylinders
using the piston ring compressor (1).
When inserting the piston into the cylinder avoid
damaging the molybdenum disulfide coating on
the piston skirt. This coating is useful in minimizing the clearance between the piston and
cylinder.
When replacing a piston, use a replacement
piston with the same code number. The piston
ID mark (d) is on top of the piston.
3
1.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
62--11161
2--14
Piston Ring Compressor
Top Ring Gap
Second Ring Gap
Oil Ring Gap
Piston Pin Hole
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
0.785 rad. (45°)
0.785 rad. (45°)
1.57 rad. (90°)
Mark
2.2.7 Piston and Connecting Rod (Continued)
2.2.7.c Piston Ring and Connecting Rod
1. Remove the piston rings (1), (2), (3).
2. Remove the piston pin (7) and then seperate the connecting rod (6) from the piston (5).
NOTE
Mark both the connecting rod and piston so that
if they are to be re--used that the original combination of parts will go back together. Do not interchange used parts.
When Reassembling
When installing the ring, assemble the rings so that the
manufacturer’s mark (12) near the gap faces the top of
the piston (5).
When installing the oil control ring (3) onto the piston (5),
place the expander joint (10) on the opposite side of the
oil ring gap (11).
Apply engine oil to the piston pin (7).
When assembling the connecting rod (6) to the piston
(5), immerse the piston (5) in hot oil (80°C / 176°F) for 10
to 15 minutes, then assemble the piston, piston pin, and
connecting rod.
When installing the connecting rod to the piston, align
the mark (8) on the connecting rod to the fan--shaped
concave (9).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2--15
Top Ring
Second Ring
Oil Control Ring
Piston Snap Ring
Piston
Connecting Rod
Piston Pin
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Mark
Fan Shaped Concave
Expander Joint
Oil Ring Gap
Manufacturer’s Mark
62--11161
2.2.8 Crankshaft
2.2.8.a Flywheel
1. Position the flywheel (2) so that the “1TC” mark (a) on
the outer surface of the flywheel aligns horizontally
with the alignment mark (b) on the rear end plate.
2. Prevent the flywheel (2) from rotating.
3. Remove all of the flywheel screws (1).
4. Remove the flywheel (2).
When Reassembling
Check to see that the mating surfaces of the crankshaft
and flywheel are clean.
Align the “1TC” mark (a) on the outer surface of the
flywheel horizontally with the alignment mark (b) on the
rear end plate and install the flywheel
Apply engine oil to the flywheel bolts and install.
Tightening
Torque
Flywheel Bolts
1. Flywheel Bolt
2. Flywheel
53.9 to 58.8 N.m
5.5 to 6.0 kgf.m
39.8 to 43.4 ft--lbs
a 1TC Mark
b Alignment Mark
2.2.8.b Bearing Case Cover
1. Remove the bearing case cover mounting bolts. First,
remove the inside bolts (1) and then the outside
screws (2).
2. Screw two of the removed bolts into the bolt hole of
the bearing case cover (6) to remove it.
NOTE
The length of the inside and the outside bolts
are different. When reassembling reinstall the
appropriate bolt in the correct location.
When Reassembling
Fit the bearing case gasket (3) and the bearing case
cover gasket (4) to the bearing case cover (6). Orient
them correctly.
Install the bearing case cover (6), again orienting it
correctly, using the “UP” mark (a).
Apply oil to the oil seal, and take care that it is not rolled
while being installed.
Tighten the bearing case cover bolts diagonally and
evenly.
Tightening
Torque
Bearing Case
Cover Mounting
Screw
1. Bearing Case Cover
Mounting Bolt (Inside)
2. Bearing Case Cover
Mounting Bolt (Outside)
3. Bearing Case Gasket
4. Bearing Case Cover Gasket
62--11161
2--16
9.8 to 11.3 N.m
1.00 to 1.15 kgf.m
7.2 to 8.3 ft--lbs
5. Oil Seal
6. Bearing Case Cover
(a).Top Mark “UP”
(b) Upside
2.2.8 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.2.8.c Crankshaft Assembly
NOTE
Before disassembling, check the side clearance of the crankshaft. Check it during reassembly.
1. Remove the two main bearing case bolts (1).
2. Pull out the crankshaft, being careful not to damage
the crankshaft bearing.
When Reassembling
Clean the oil passages of the crankshaft with
compressed air.
Install the crankshaft assembly, aligning the bolt hole of
the main bearing case screw 2 with the bolt hole of the
crankcase.
When tightening the main bearing case 2, apply oil to the
main bearing case bolt 2 (1) and tighten by hand before
tightening to the specific torque. If any resistance is
encountered while tightening, re--align the bolt holes.
Tightening
Torque
1. Main Bearing Case
Bolt 2r
2--17
Main Bearing
Case Bolt 2
26.5 to 30.4 N.m
2.7 to 3.1 kgf.m
19.5 to 22.4 ft--lbs
(a).Z482--E2B
(b).D722--E2B
62--11161
2.2.8 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.2.8.d Main Bearing Case Assembly
1. Remove the two main bearing case screws 1 (7) and
remove the main bearing case assembly 1 (1) being
careful with crankshaft bearing 3 (4).
2. Remove the main bearing case assembly 2 (2) and
the main bearing case assembly (3) as above. Keep
in mind that the thrust bearing (6) is installed in the
main bearing case assembly (3).
When Reassembling
Clean the oil passages in the main bearing cases.
Apply clean engine oil on the bearings.
Reinstall the main bearing case assemblies into their
original positions. Since diameters of main bearing
cases vary, install them in order by marking (b in the
illustration) (1 for Z482 and 1, 2 for D722), from the gear
case side.
The diameters of the main bearing cases vary. Install
them in order from the gear case end according to their
markings
Match the alignment numbers (a) on the main bearing
case assembly 1.
Do the same for the main bearing case assembly 2 (2),
and face the mark ’FLYWHEEL’ to the flywheel.
Install the thrust bearing (6) with its oil groove facing
outward.
Confirm that the main bearing case moves smoothly
after tightening the main case bolt 1 to the specified
torque.
Tightening
Torque
Main Bearing
Case Screw 1
1. Main Bearing Case
Assembly 1
2. Main Bearing Case
Assembly 2
3. Main Bearing Case
Assembly
4. Crankshaft Bearing 3
62--11161
2--18
12.7 to 15.7 N.m
1.3 to 1.6 kgf.m
9.4 to 11.6 ft--lbs
5. Crankshaft Bearing 2
6. Thrust Bearing 2
7. Main Bearing Case
Screw 1
(a) Alignment Number
(b) Marking (1 or 2)
2.3 SERVICING
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves
2.3.1.a Cylinder Head Surface Flatness
1. Clean the cylinder head surface.
2. Place a straightedge on the cylinder head surface, in
six locations as depicted in the drawing.
3. Measure any clearance between the straightedge
and cylinder head with a feeler gauge.
4. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit,
resurface or replace the head.
NOTE
1
3
Do not measure the combustion chamber.
5
6
Check the valve recessing after after resurfacing the head.
4
2
Cylinder Head
Surface Flatness
Allowable
Limit
0.05mm
0.0020 in.
2.3.1.b Cylinder Head Cracks
1. Cylinder head crack(s) can be found with using a
non--destructive test procedure using a dye/penetrant kit.
2. Clean the cylinder head surface using a good quality
degreaser and detergent (2).
3. Spray the cylinder head surface with the red liquid or
dye (1). Let it sit on the surface for ten minutes.
4. Wash the dye off the head using the detergent (2) and
dry the head.
1. Red Dye
2. Detergent
3 White Developer
5. Spray the white developer (3) on to the head.
6. Red marks will bleed through the developer identifying cracks in the head if they are present.
2--19
62--11161
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.3.1.c Valve Recessing
1. Clean the cylinder head surface (1), valve face and
valve seat.
2. Insert the valve into the head, making certain that the
valve is fully seated.
3. Measure the valve recession (A) with a depth gauge.
4. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the valve.
5. If the measurement still exceeds the allowable limit,
replace the cylinder head.
Valve
Recessing
Factory
Specification
Allowable Limit
1. Cylinder Head
Surface
0.10 (protrusion) mm to
0.10 (recessing) mm
0.0039(protrusion) in. to
0.0039 (recessing) in.
0.30 (recessing) mm
0.0118 (recessing) in.
(A) Recess
(B) Protrusion
2.3.1.d Clearance Between Valve Stem And Valve
Guide
1. Remove carbon from the valve guide section.
2. Measure the valve stem O.D. with a micrometer.
3. Measure the valve guide with a small hole gauge, and
calculate the clearance.
4. If the clearance exceeds the the allowable limit, replace the valves. If the clearance still exceeds the allowable limit, replace the valve guide.
Clearance
Between
Valve Stem
and Guide
62--11161
2--20
Factory
Specification
Allowable Limit
0.030 to 0.057 mm
0.00118 to 0.00224 in.
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
Valve Stem
O.D.
Factory
Specification
5.968 to 5.980 mm
0.23496 to 0.23543 in.
Valve Guide
I.D.
Factory
Specification
6.010 to 6.025 mm
0.23661 to 0.23720 in.
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.3.1.e Replacing Valve Guide
(A) (When removing)
1. Press out the used valve guide using a valve guide replacing tool.
(B) (When installing)
1. Clean a new valve guide and valve guide bore, then
apply oil to them.
2. Press in a new valve guide using a valve guide replacing tool.
3. Ream the I.D. of the valve guide to the specified dimension (precisely).
Valve Guide I.D.
Intake & Exhaust
Factory
Specification
6.010 to 6.025 mm
0.2366 to 0.2372 in.
NOTE
(A) When Removing
Do not hit the valve guide with a hammer during
replacement.
(B) When Installing
2.3.1.f Valve Seating
1. Coat the valve face lightly with prussian blue and put
the valve on its seat to check the contact pattern
2. If the valve does not seat all the way around the valve
seat, or the contact is less than 70%, correct the valve
seating as outlined in 2.3.1.g.
3. If the valve contact does not comply with the reference value, replace the valve or correct the contact of
valve seating.
Valve Seat
Width
1. Correct
2. Incorrect
Factory
Specification
2.12 mm
0.0835 in.
3 Incorrect
2--21
62--11161
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.3.1.g Correcting Valve and Valve Seat
NOTE
Before correcting the valve seat, make certain
that the valve and valve guide are within factory
specifications.
After correcting the valve seat, be sure to check
the valve recession.
(A) Correcting the Valve
1. Correct the valve with a valve grinder.
Valve Face Angle
Factory
Specification
0.785 rad.
45°
(B) Correcting the Valve Seat
1. Slightly correct the valve seat surface with a 0.785
rad. (45°) valve seat cutter.
2. Reinsert the valve, check the contact pattern with
prussian blue. A valve seat width should be approximately 70% of the total valve contact area. See (A) in
the illustration
3. Resurface the seat surface with a 0.262 rad. (15°)
valve seat cutter to the valve seat so that (a) equals
(b) in the illustration.
4. Grind the seat with a 0.785 rad (45°) valve seat cutter
again, and visually recheck the contact between the
valve and the seat.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the correct contact is
achieved.
6. Continue lapping until the seated width becomes
more than 70% of the total contact area.
Valve Seat Angle
1.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Factory
Specification
Valve Seat Cutter
Check Contact
Correct Seat Width
Correct Seat Surface
Check Contact
a.
b.
c.
d
0.785 rad.
45°
Identical Dimensions
Valve Seat Width
0.262 rad (15°)
0.785 rad (45°)
2.3.1.h Valve Lapping
1. Apply compound evenly to the valve lapping surface.
2. Insert the valve into the valve guide. Lap the valve
onto its seat with a valve lapper.
3. After lapping the valve, wash the compound away
and apply oil, then repeat valve lapping with oil.
4. Apply prussian blue to the contact surface to check
the contact pattern. If it is less than 70%, repeat valve
lapping again.
NOTE
When valve lapping is performed, be sure to
check the valve recession and adjust the valve
clearance after assembling the valve.
62--11161
2--22
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.3.1.i Free Length and Tilt of Valve Spring
1. Measure the free length (A) of the valve spring with
vernier calipers. If the measurement is less than the
allowable limit, replace the spring.
2. Put the valve spring on a surface plate, place a
square on the side of the valve spring.
3. Check to see if the entire side is in contact with the
square. Rotate the spring and measure for maximum
tilt (B). Check the entire surface of the valve spring for
defects. If any are found, replace it.
Free Length (A)
Tilt (B)
Factory
Specification
31.3 to 31.8 mm
1.232 to 1.252 in.
Allowable Limit
28.4 mm
1.118 in.
Allowable Limit
1.2 mm
0.047 in.
2.3.1.j Valve Spring Setting Load
1. Place the valve spring on a tester and compress it to
the same length it’s actually compressed in the engine.
2. Read the compression load on the gauge.
3. If the measurement is less than the allowable limit, replace it.
Setting Load /
Setting Length
Factory
Specification
64.7 N / 27.0 mm
6.6 kgf / 27.0 mm.
14.6 lbs. / 1.063 in.
Allowable
Limit
54.9 N / 27.0 mm
5.6 kgf / 27.0 mm.
12.3 lbs. / 1.063 in.
2.3.1.k Oil Clearance Between Rocker Arm and
Rocker Arm Shaft
1. Measure the rocker arm shaft O.D. with an outside
micrometer.
2. Measure the rocker arm I.D. with a inside micrometer,
then calculate the oil clearance.
3. If the oil clearance exceeds the allowable limit, replace the rocker arm then measure the oil clearance
again. If the clearance is still out of specification, replace the rocker arm shaft.
Factory
Specification
0.016 to 0.045 mm
0.00063 to 0.00177 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Rocker Arm
Shaft O.D.
Factory
Specification
10.473 to 10.484 mm
0.41232 to 0.41276 in.
Rocker Arm I.D.
Factory
Specification
10.500 to 10.518 mm
0.41339 to 0.41410 in.
Oil Clearance
Rocker Arm/
Shaft
2--23
62--11161
2.3.1 Cylinder Head And Valves (Continued)
2.3.1.l Push Rod Alignment
1. Place the push rod on V blocks
2. Measure the push rod alignment.
3. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the push rod.
Push Rod
Alignment
Allowable
Limit
0.25 mm
0.0098 in.
2.3.1.m Oil Clearance Between Tappet and Tappet
Guide Bore
1. Measure the tappet O.D. with a micrometer.
2. Measure the I.D. of the tappet guide bore with a cylinder gauge and calculate the clearance.
3. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, or
the tappet is damaged, replace the tappet.
Factory
Specification
0.016 to 0.052 mm
0.00063 to 0.00205 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
Tappet O.D.
Factory
Specification
17.966 to 17.984 mm
0.70732 to 0.70803 in.
Tappet Guide I.D.
Factory
Specification
18.000 to 18.018 mm
0.70866 to 0.70937 in.
Oil Clearance
Tappet/
Tappet Guide
Bore
62--11161
2--24
2.3.2 Timing Gears, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft
2.3.2.a Timing Gear Backlash
1. Set a dial indicator (lever type) with its tip on the gear
tooth.
2. Move the gear to measure the backlash, holding its
mating gear.
3. If the backlash exceeds the allowable limit, check the
bearing clearance of the shafts and the gear.
4. If the bearing clearance is proper, replace the gear.
Backlash/
Idle Gear/
Crank Gear
Backlash/
Idle Gear/
Cam Gear
Backlash/
Idle Gear/
Injection Pump
Gear
Backlash/
Crank Gear/
Oil Pump Gear
Factory
Specification
0.043 to 0.124 mm
0.00169 to 0.00488 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Factory
Specification
0.047 to 0.123 mm
0.00185 to 0.00484 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Factory
Specification
0.046 to 0.124 mm
0.00181 to 0.00488 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Factory
Specification
0.041 to 0.123 mm
0.00161 to 0.00484 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
2.3.2.b Idle Gear Side Clearance
1. Set a dial indicator with its tip on the idle gear.
2. Move the gear front to rear to measure the side clearance.
3. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the idle gear collar.
Idle Gear
Side
Clearance
Factory
Specification
0.20 to 0.51 mm
0.0079 to 0.0201 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.80 mm
0.0315 in.
2.3.2.c Camshaft Side Clearance
1. Set a dial indicator with its tip on the camshaft.
2. Move the camshaft gear front to rear to measure the
side clearance.
3. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the camshaft stopper.
Camshaft
Side
Clearance
2--25
Factory
Specification
0.15 to 0.31 mm
0.0059 to 0.0122 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.50 mm
0.0197 in.
62--11161
2.3.2 Timing Gears, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.3.2.d Camshaft Run--Out
1. Support the camshaft with V blocks on a surface plate
at both end journals.
2. Set a dial indicator with its tip on the intermediate journal.
3. Rotate the camshaft and measure for run--out.
4. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the camshaft.
Camshaft
Run--out
Allowable
Limit
0.1 mm
0.0004 in.
2.3.2.e Cam Height
1. Measure the cam lobe at its largest O.D. with an outside micrometer.
2. If the measurement is less than the allowable limit, replace the camshaft.
Cam Height
Intake/Exhaust
Factory
Specification
26.88 mm
1.0583 in.
Allowable
Limit
26.83 mm
1.0563 in.
2.3.2.f Camshaft Bearing Clearance
1. Measure the camshaft journal O.D. with an outside
micrometer.
2. Measure the cylinder block camshaft bore I.D. with a
cylinder gauge, and calculate the oil clearance.
3. If the oil clearance exceeds the allowable limit, replace the camshaft.
Factory
Specification
0.050 to 0.091 mm
0.00197 to 0.00358 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Camshaft Journal
O.D.
Factory
Specification
32.934 to 32.950 mm
1.29661 to 1.29724 in.
Camshaft Bore
I.D.
Factory
Specification
33.000 to 33.025 mm
1.29921 to 1.30020 in.
Camshaft Journal
Clearance
62--11161
2--26
2.3.2 Timing Gears, Camshaft and Fuel Camshaft (Continued)
2.3.2.g Idle Gear Shaft and Idle Gear Bushing
Clearance
1. Measure the idle gear shaft O.D. with an outside micrometer.
2. Measure the idle gear shaft bore I.D. with a cylinder
gauge, and calculate the oil clearance.
3. If the oil clearance exceeds the allowable limit, replace the bushing.
Factory
Specification
0.020 to 0.084 mm
0.00079 to 0.00331 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
Idle Gear Journal
O.D.
Factory
Specification
19.967 to 19.980 mm
0.78610 to 0.78661 in.
Idle Gear Bore
I.D.
Factory
Specification
20.000 to 20.051 mm
0.78740 to 0.78941 in.
Idle Gear Journal
Clearance
2.3.2.h Replacing Idle Gear Bushing
(A) When Removing
1. Press out the bushing using an Idle Gear Bushing Replacing Tool.
(B) When Installing
1. Clean a new idle gear bushing and the idle gear bore,
and apply engine oil to both.
2. Using the idle gear replacing tool, press in the new
bushing to the specified dimension (see B)
2--27
62--11161
2.3.3 Piston and Connecting Rod
2.3.3.a Piston Pin Bore I.D.
1. Measure the piston pin bore I.D. in both the horizontal
and vertical directions with a cylinder gauge.
2. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the piston.
Piston Pin Bore
I.D.
Factory
Specification
20.000 to 20.013 mm
0.78740 to 0.78791 in.
Allowable
Limit
20.05 mm
0.7894 in.
2.3.3.b Piston Pin and Bushing Clearance
1. Measure the piston pin O.D. with an outside micrometer.
2. Measure the connecting rod small end bushing I.D.
with an inside micrometer.
3. If the clearance exceeds the allowable limit, replace
the bushing. If the clearance is still excessive, replace
the piston pin.
Factory
Specification
0.014 to 0.038 mm
0.00055 to 0.00150 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.10 mm
0.0039 in.
Piston Pin O.D.
Factory
Specification
20.002 to 20.011 mm
0.78748 to 0.78783 in.
Small End
Bushing I.D.
Factory
Specification
20.025 to 20.040 mm
0.78839 to 0.78897 in.
Piston Pin to
Small End Bushing Clearance
2.3.3.c Replacing Connecting Rod Small End Bushing
(A) When Removing
1. Press out the small end bushing using a Small End
Bushing Replacing Tool.
(B) When Installing
1. Clean a new small end bushing and bore, and apply
engine oil to both.
2. Using the small end bushing replacing tool, press in
the new bushing to the specified dimension (see B).
A. When Removing
B. Correct Seat Width
NOTE
Be sure to align the bushing so that the oil hole
in the bushing aligns with the oil port in the connecting rod.
Piston Pin to
Small End Bushing Clearance
(Replacement
Parts)
1. Seam
2. Oil Hole
62--11161
Small End
Bushing I.D.(Replacement Parts)
a. 0.785 rad (45°)
2--28
Factory
Specification
0.015 to 0.075 mm
0.00059 to 0.00295 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Factory
Specification
20.026 to 20.77 mm
0.78845 to 0.79043 in.
2.3.3 Piston and Connecting Rod (Continued)
2.3.3.d Piston Ring Gap
1. Insert the piston ring into the lower part of the cylinder
(the least worn section). Use the piston to square the
ring in the cylinder.
2. Measure the ring gap with a feeler gauge.
3. If the gap exceeds the allowable limit, replace the piston ring.
Top Ring
Second Ring
Oil Control Ring
Factory
Specification
0.15 to 0.30 mm
0.0059 to 0.0118 in.
Allowable Limit
1.20 mm / 0.0472 in.
Factory
Specification
0.30 to 0.45 mm
0.0118 to 0.0177 in.
Allowable Limit
1.20 mm / 0.0472 in.
Factory
Specification
0.15 to 0.30 mm
0.0059 to 0.0118 in.
Allowable Limit
1.20 mm / 0.0472 in.
2.3.3.e Piston Ring to Groove Clearance
1. Clean the rings and the ring grooves, and install each
ring in its groove.
2. Measure the clearance between the ring and its
groove with a feeler gauge.
3. If the clearance exceeds the allowable limit, replace
the ring.
4. If the clearance still exceeds the allowable limit after
replacing the ring, replace the piston.
Second Ring
Oil Control Ring
Factory
Specification
0.090 to 0.120 mm
0.00354 to 0.00472 in.
Allowable Limit
0.15 mm / 0.0059 in.
Factory
Specification
0.040 to 0.080 mm
0.0016 to 0.0031 in.
Allowable Limit
0.15 mm / 0.0059 in.
2.3.3.f Connecting Rod Alignment
NOTE
Since the I.D. of the connecting rod small end
bushing is the basis of this procedure, check the
bushing for wear before proceeding.
1. Install the piston pin into the connecting rod.
2. Install the connecting rod on the connecting rod alignment tool.
3. Put a gauge over the piston pin and move it against
the face plate.
4. If the gauge does not fit squarely against the face
plate, measure the space between the pin of the
gauge and the face plate.
5. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, replace the connecting rod.
Connecting Rod
Alignment
2--29
Allowable Limit
0.05 mm / 0.0020 in.
62--11161
2.3.4 Crankshaft
2.3.4.a Crankshaft End Clearance
1. Push on the end of the crankshaft to seat it toward the
flywheel end of the engine block.
2. Attach, then zero a dial indicator on the forward end of
the crankshaft.
3. Measure the end play by pulling the crankshaft forward.
4. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit replace the thrust bearings.
5. If the new thrust bearings do not correct the excessive end clearance condition, over size thrust bearings may be necessary.
Crankshaft Side
Clearance
Factory
Specification
0.15 to 0.31 mm
0.0059 to 0.0122 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.50 mm
0.0197 in.
(Reference)
Oversize dimensions of thrust bearing.
Oversize
Bearing
0.2 mm
0.008 in.
Thrust Bearing 1 02
Thrust Bearing 2 02
Part Number
25--36430--01
Marking
020 OS
020 OS
(Reference)
Oversize dimensions of crankshaft journal.
Oversize
0.2mm / 0.0008 in.
0.4mm / 0.0016 in.
Dimension A
23.40 to 23.45 mm
0.9134 to 0.9154 in.
23.80 to 23.85 mm
0.9213 to 0.9232 in.
Dimension B
46.1 to 46.3 mm
1.815 to 1.823 in.
46.3 to 46.5 mm
1.823 to 1.831 in.
Dimension C
1.8 to 2.2 mm radius
0.071 to 0.087 in.
radius
1.8 to 2.2 mm radius
0.071 to 0.087 in.
radius
The crankshaft journal must be fine--finished to higher than
0.8--S.
2.3.4.b Crankshaft Alignment
1. Support the crankshaft with V blocks on a surface
plate at both end journals. Set a dial indicator with its
tip on the intermediate journal, perpendicular to the
journal.
2. Rotate the crankshaft on the V blocks and get the
misalignment (half of the measurement).
3. If the misalignment exceeds the allowable limit, replace the crankshaft.
Crankshaft
Alignment
62--11161
2--30
Allowable
Limit
0.02 mm
0.0008 in.
2.3.4 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.3.4.c Crankpin to Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance
1. Clean the crankpin and the connecting rod bearing.
2. Put a strip of plastigage on the center of the crankpin
in each direction as shown in the figure.
3. Install the connecting rod cap and tighten the bolts to
the specification. (Refer to Section 2.2.7.b)
4. Remove the cap again.
5. Measure the amount of the flattening with the scale to
get the clearance.
6. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit replace the connecting rod bearing.
7. If the allowable limit is not attainable with a standard
size bearing, install an undersize bearing by referring
to the table below.
Factory
Specification
0.020 to 0.051 mm
0.00079 to 0.00201 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.15 mm
0.0059 in.
Crankpin O.D.
Factory
Specification
33.959 to 33.975 mm
1.33697 to 1.33760 in.
Connecting Rod
Bearing I.D.
Factory
Specification
33.995 to 34.010 mm
1.33893 to 1.33898 in.
Crankpin/
Connecting Rod
Clearance
(Reference)
Undersize dimensions of connecting rod bearing.
Undersize
Bearing
Part Number
Marking
0.2 mm
0.008 in.
Connecting Rod
Bearing
25--34386--02
020 US
0.4 mm
0.016 in.
Connecting Rod
Bearing
25--34386--04
040 US
(Reference)
Undersize dimensions of crankpin journal.
Oversize
0.2mm / 0.008 in.
0.4mm / 0.016 in.
Dimension A
2.3 to 2.7 mm
0.091 to 0.106 in.
2.3 to 2.7 mm
0.091 to 0.106 in.
Dimension B
1.0 to 1.5 mm dia.
0.0394 to 0.0591 in.
dia.
1.0 to 1.5 mm dia.
0.0394 to 0.0591 in.
dia.
Dimension C
33.759 to 33.775
mm dia.
1.32910 to 1.32973
in. dia.
33.559 to 33.575
mm dia.
1.32112 to 1.32185
in. dia.
The crankshaft journal must be fine--finished to higher than
0.8--S.
2--31
62--11161
2.3.4 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.3.4.d Crankshaft Journal to Crankshaft Bearing
#1 Clearance
1. Measure the O.D. of the crankshaft journal with an
outside micrometer.
2. Measure the I.D. of crankshaft bearing #1 with an inside micrometer and calculate clearance.
3. If the clearance exceeds the allowable limit, replace
crankshaft bearing #1.
4. If the allowable limit is not attainable with a standard
size bearing, install an undersize bearing by referring
to the table below.
Crankshaft
Journal to #1
Bearing
Clearance
Factory
Specification
0.034 to 0.106 mm
0.00134 to 0.00417 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.20 mm
0.0079 in.
Crankshaft
Journal O.D.
Factory
Specification
39.934 to 39.950 mm
1.57221 to 1.57284 in.
Crankshaft
Bearing Bearing
I.D.
Factory
Specification
39.984 to 40.040 mm
1.57148 to 1.57638 in.
(Reference) Bearing clearance between crankshaft
journal and crankshaft bearing 1.
Undersize
Bearing
Code Number
Marking
0.2 mm
0.008 in.
Crankshaft Bearing 1
02
25--34389--02
020 US
0.4 mm
0.016 in.
Crankshaft Bearing 1
04
25--34389--04
040 US
(Reference) Undersize dimensions of crankshaft
journal.
Undersize
0.2mm / 0.008 in.
0.4mm / 0.016 in.
Dimension A
1.8 to 2.2 mm radius
0.071 to 0.087 in.
radius
1.8 to 2.2 mm radius
0.071 to 0.087 in.
radius
Dimension B
1.0 to 1.5 mm dia.
0.0394 to 0.0591 in.
dia
1.0 to 1.5 mm dia.
0.0394 to 0.0591 in.
dia
Dimension C
39.734 to 39.750
mm dia.
1.56433 to 1.56496
in. dia.
39.534 to 39.550
mm
1.55646 to 1.55709
in. dia.
The crankshaft journal must be fine--finished to higher than
0.8--S.
62--11161
2--32
2.3.4 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.3.4.e Replacing Crankshaft Bearing #1
(A) When Removing
1. Press out the crankshaft bearing #1 (2) using a crankshaft bearing replacing tool (Refer to Special Tools
1.8.14).
(B) When Installing
1. Clean a new crankshaft bearing #1 (2) and crankshaft
journal bore, and apply engine oil to both.
2. Using the crankshaft bearing replacing tool, press in
the new bearing #1 (2) so that its seam (1) is toward
the exhaust manifold side.
1. Seam
2. Crankshaft Bearing#1
3. Cylinder Block
A Dimension
NOTE
Be sure to align the bushing so that the oil hole
in the bushing aligns with the oil port.
Dimension A
2--33
Factory
Specification
0.0 to 0.3 mm
0.0 to 0.118 in.
62--11161
2.3.4 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.3.4.f Crankshaft Journal to Crankshaft Bearing
Clearance
1. Put a strip of plastigage on the center of the crankshaft journal.
2. Install the bearing case and tighten the bolts to specification.
3. Remove the bearing case again.
4. Measure the amount of flattening with the scale to get
the clearance.
5. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit replace crankshaft bearing.
6. If the allowable limit is not attainable with a standard
size bearing, install an undersize bearing by referring
to the table below.
(Reference)
Oversize dimensions of crankshaft bearing 2 and 3 (0.2
mm / 0.008 in.) and (0.4 mm / 0.016 in.).
Part Number
Marking
0.2 mm
0.008 in.
25--36428--01
020 US
Crankshaft Bearing 3
25--34390--02
020 US
0.4 mm
0.016 in.
Crankshaft Bearing 2
25--34391--04
040 US
Crankshaft Bearing 3
25--34390--04
040 US
Undersize dimensions of crankshaft journal.
Be sure not to move the crankshaft while the
bearing bolts are tightened.
Factory
Specification
0.028 to 0.051 mm
0.00110 to 0.00201 in.
Allowable
Limit
0.20 mm
0.0079 in.
Crankshaft
Journal O.D.
(Flywheel Side)
Factory
Specification
43.934 to 43.950 mm
1.72968 to 1.73031 in.
Crankshaft
Bearing #2 I.D.
Factory
Specification
43.984 to 44.026 mm
1.73165 to 1.73331 in.
Crankshaft
Journal O.D.
(Intermediate)
Factory
Specification
39.934 to 39.950 mm
1.57221 to 1.57284 in.
Crankshaft
Bearing #3 I.D.
Factory
Specification
39.984 to 40.026 mm
1.57417 to 1.57583 in.
62--11161
Bearing
Crankshaft Bearing 2
(Reference)
NOTE
Clearance-Crankshaft
Journal to Bearing
Oversize
Oversize
0.2mm / 0.008 in.
0.4mm / 0.016 in.
Dimension
A
1.8 to 2.2 mm radius
0.071 to 0.087 in. radius
1.8 to 2.2 mm radius
0.071 to 0.087 radius
*Dimension
B
1.0 to 1.5 mm dia.
0.0394 to 0.0591 in.
dia.
1.0 to 1.5 mm dia.
0.0394 to 0.0591 in.
dia.
Dimension
C
39.734 to 39.750 mm
dia.
1.56433 to 1.56496 in.
dia.
39.534 to 39.550 mm
dia.
1.55646 to 1.55709 in.
dia.
Dimension
D
43.734 to 43.750 mm
dia.
1.72181 to 1.72244 in.
dia.
43.534 to 43.550 mm
dia.
1.71394 to 1.71470 in.
dia.
The crankpin must be fine--finished to higher than 0.8--S.
*Holes to be de--burred and edges rounded with relief.
2--34
2.3.4 Crankshaft (Continued)
2.3.4.g Crankshaft Sleeve Wear
1. Check the wear on the crankshaft sleeve (1).
2. If the wear exceeds the allowable limit or if the engine
oil leaks, replace the crankshaft sleeve (1).
Sleeve Wear
Allowable
Limit
0.1 mm
0.004 in.
2.3.4.h Replacing Crankshaft Sleeve
1. Remove the crankshaft sleeve using a special--use
puller set.
2. Set the sleeve guide (4) to the crankshaft (2).
3. Heat the new sleeve to a temperature between 150 to
200°C (302 to 392°F), and fix the sleeve on the crankshaft (2) as shown in the figure.
4. Press fit the sleeve using the auxiliary socket for
pushing (3).
NOTE
Install the sleeve with the largest chamfered
surface facing outward.
1. Crankshaft Sleeve
2. Crankshaft
2--35
3. Auxiliary Socket For
Pushing
4. Sleeve Guide
62--11161
2.3.5 CYLINDER
2.3.5.a Cylinder Wear
1. Measure the I.D. of the cylinder at the six positions
(see figure) with a cylinder gauge to find the maximum and minimum I.D.’s.
2. Determine the difference (maximum wear) between
the maximum and minimum I.D.’s.
3. If the wear exceeds the allowable limit, bore and hone
to the oversize dimension. (Refer to Section 2.3.5.b)
4. Visually check the cylinder wall for scratches. If deep
scratches are found, the cylinder walls should be
bored. (Refer to Section 2.3.5.b)
Cylinder Wear
0. Top
A. Middle
B. Bottom (skirt)
Factory
Specification
67.000 to 67.019 mm
2.63779 to 2.63854 in.
Allowable
Limit
67.169 mm
2.64445 in.
a. Right--angled to
Piston Pin
b. Piston Pin Direction
2.3.5.b Correcting Cylinder (Oversize +0.25 mm)
1. When the cylinder is worn beyond the allowable limit,
bore and hone it to the specified dimension.
Cylinder I.D.
Factory
Specification
67.250 to 67.269 mm
2.647644 to 2.64839
in.
Maximum Wear
Allowable
Limit
67.400 mm
2.65354 in.
Finishing
Hone to 2.2 to 3.0 mm μR max.
(0.000087 to 0.00012 in. μR max.)
2. Replace the piston and piston rings with oversize
ones: (0.25 mm / 0.0098 in.)
1. Cylinder I.D.
(before correction)
62--11161
2. Oversize Cylinder I.D.
2--36
Oversize
Part Name
Code Number
Marking
0.25 mm
0.0098 in.
Piston
16851--21900
025
0.25 mm
0.0098 in.
Piston Ring Assembly
16851--21090
025
SECTION 3
LUBRICATING SYSTEM
3.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING
4. Remove the oil drain plug (1) and drain the engine oil
into a proper receptacle/bucket.
5. Remove the used oil filter and replace with a new one.
(Refer to Section 3.1.3)
6. After draining all of the oil in the engine, replace the
drain plug (1).
7. Remove the oil fill cap (3) and add the correct oil to the
engine.
8. Add oil until the engine oil level is up to the upper line
on the dipstick (2).
NOTE
Replace the engine oil filter with every oil
change.
When changing to a different oil manufacturer
or viscosity, be sure to remove all of the old oil
completely. Never mix different types of oil.
Use only MIL--L--46152 / MIL--L--2104C or API
classification CG--4 or CH--4 / CI oils.
3.1.1 Checking Engine Oil Level
Use the proper SAE Engine oil according to the
ambient temperatures.
1. Level the engine.
2. To check the oil level, draw out the dipstick (2), wipe it
clean, reinsert it, and draw it out again. Check to see
that the oil level lies between the two notches.
Above 25°C (77°F).............SAE 30 or 15W--40
0° to 25°C (32° to 77°F)......SAE 20 or 10W--30
......................................................or 10W--40
Below 0°C (32°F)............SAE 10W or 10W--30
3. If the level is too low, add new oil to the specified
level.
NOTE
NOTE
When adding oil to the crankcase, be sure that
the fresh oil is the same type and viscosity as
the oil that is already in the crankcase. Never
mix two different types of oil. Never over fill a
crankcase.
With emission controls now in effect, the CG--4
or CH--4 / CI lubricating oils have been developed for use of a low--sulfur fuel on--road vehicles engines. When an off--road vehicle engine runs on a high--sulfur fuel, it is advisable to
employ the CH--4 or CI lubricating oil with a high
total base number. If the CG--4 lubricating oil is
used with a high sulfur fuel, change the lubricating oil at shorter intervals.
3.1.2 Changing Engine Oil
CAUTION
Stop the engine when preparing to change
the engine oil.
Lubricating oil recommended when a low--sulfur or
high--sulfur fuel is employed.
Fuel
Lubricating Oil Class
1. Start and warm up the engine for approximately for 5
minutes.
Low--sulfur
High--sulfur
O
X
O
X
O : Recommended X : Not Recommended
2. Turn the engine off.
CG--4
CH--4 or CI
3. Place a proper receptacle/bucket under the engine
drain plug.
3--1
62--11161
3.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING (Continued)
3.1.3 Changing Oil Filter
CAUTION
Stop the engine when preparing to change
the engine oil filter.
1. Remove the oil filter cartridge (1) with a filter wrench.
2. Apply a slight coat of oil onto the new oil filter cartridge
gasket.
3. Install the new oil filter cartridge, screwing it on by
hand. Over tightening it may cause deformation of the
rubber gasket.
4. After the new oil filter cartridge has been installed
start the engine and check for a leak around the oil filter cartridge gasket. Recheck the crankcase oil level
(Refer to section 3.1.1) and adjust the engine oil level
as necessary.
3.1.4 Engine Oil Pressure
1. Remove the engine oil pressure switch, and install an
oil pressure guage.
2. Start the engine. After warming up, read the oil pressure at idling and at rated speeds.
3. If the oil pressure is less than the allowable limit,
check the following:
Engine oil sufficient
Oil pump defective
Oil strainer clogged
Oil filter cartridge clogged
Oil gallery clogged
Excessive oil clearance
Relief valve stuck
At Idle Speed
Allowable
Limit
103 kPa
1.0 kgf/cm2
15 psi
Factory
Specification
196 to 441 kPa
2.0 to 4.5 kgf/cm2
28 to 64 psi
Allowable
Limit
147 kPa
1.5 kgf/cm2
21 psi
At Rated Speed
(When Reassembling)
After checking the engine oil pressure, tighten the
engine oil pressure switch to the specified torque.
Tightening Torque
62--11161
3--2
Oil Pressure
Switch
14.7 to 19.6 N.m
1.5 to 2.0 kgf.m
10.8 to 14.5 ft--lbs.
3.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING (Continued)
3.1.5 Relief Valve
1. Remove the oil filter cartridge and the oil filter base
(2).
2. Check the relief valve (1) for dirt, and the seat and ball
for damage.
3. If damaged, replace.
4. Check the free length of the spring.
5. If it is less than the allowable limit, replace.
Spring Free
Length
Oil Filter Base
Tightening Torque
Factory
Specification
32 mm
1.26 in.
Allowable
Limit
28 mm
1.10 in.
Joint
39.2 to 49.0 N.m
4.0 to 5.0 kgf.m
29.0 to 36.3 ft--lbs.
3.2 OIL PUMP SERVICE
3.2.1 Rotor Lobe Clearance
1. Measure the clearance between lobes of the inner rotor and the outer rotor with a feeler guage.
2. Measure the clearance between the outer rotor and
the pump body with a feeler guage.
3. If the clearance exceeds the factory specifications,
replace the oil pump rotor assembly.
Inner/Outer
Rotor Clearance
Factory
Specification
0.03 to 0.14 mm
0.0012 to 0.0055 in.
Outer Rotor/
Pump Body
Clearance
Factory
Specification
0.07 to 0.15 mm
0.0028 to 0.0059 in.
3.2.2 Rotor to Cover Clearance
1. Put a strip of plastigage onto the rotor face (use a
small dab of grease to hold the plastigage in place).
2. Install the cover and tighten the bolts.
3. Remove the cover carefully, and read the plastigage.
4. If the clearance exceeds the factory specifications,
replace the oil pump rotor assembly.
Rotor/Cover
Clearance
3--3
Factory
Specification
0.075 to 0.135 mm
0.00295 to 0.00531 in.
62--11161
SECTION 4
COOLING SYSTEM
4.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING
4.1.3 Checking Coolant Level
NOTE
When the engine is installed in an APU, follow
OEM vehicle instructions as to checking/adjusting engine coolant levels.
1. Turn the engine off.
WARNING
4.1.1 V--Belt Tension
When removing the radiator cap, wait at
least ten minutes after the engine has
stopped and cooled down. Otherwise, hot
water may discharge from the radiator,
scalding anyone nearby.
1. Measure the deflection (A), by depressing the belt
halfway between the fan drive pulley and alternator
pulley at the specified force (Refer to1.6.3).
2. If the tension is not within the factory specifications,
loosen the tensioner mounting bolts and adjust the
belt tension.
2. Remove the radiator cap and check to see that the
coolant level is just below the port.
With the recovery tank: Check to see that the coolant
level lies between FULL and LOW.
Use of a belt tension gauge (Carrier Part #
07--00203--00) or a belt tension tester (Carrier Part #
07--00253--00) is advised.
FULL
(A)
LOW
3. If the coolant level is too low, check the reason for the
lost coolant.
a. If coolant loss is due to evaporation, add only clean
soft water.
b. If coolant loss is due to a leak, repair the leak and add
a coolant mixture of the same type and specification
that is in the system. If the coolant brand cannot be
identified, drain out all of the remaining coolant and
refill with a totally new mix.
(B)
NOTE
When adding coolant to the system, air must be
vented from the engine coolant passages by jiggling the upper and lower radiator hoses.
When the engine is installed in an APU, An air
bleed screw is provided in the thermostat housing.
4.1.2 Fan Belt Damage and Wear
1. Check the fan belt for damage.
3. Check if the belt is worn and sunk in the pulley groove.
Be sure to close the radiator cap securely. If the
cap is loose or improperly closed, coolant may
leak out and the engine could overheat.
4. If the fan belt is worn and deeply sunk in the pulley
groove, replace it.
Do not use an antifreeze and scale inhibitor at
the same time.
2. If the belt is damage in any way, replace it.
A. Good
B. Bad
Never mix different types or brands of coolants.
4--1
62--11161
3. Open the coolant drain cock or remove the coolant
drain plug and drain the coolant into a proper receptacle/bucket.
4.1.4 Draining Coolant
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Remove the radiator cap.
4.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING (Continued)
4.1.5 Radiator Cap
1. Attach the radiator cap to a pressure tester.
2. Apply pressure and observe the time for the pressure
to fall.
3. If the measurement is less than the factory specification, replace the cap.
Pressure Falling
Time
Factory
Specification
More than 10 seconds
for pressure fall from
88 to to 59kPa
0.9 to 0.6 kgf/cm2
13 to 9 psi
4.1.6 Radiator
1. Fill the radiator with water.
2. Attach the pressure tester to the radiator.
3. Apply pressure and look for leaks.
4. Repair/replace as necessary to assure that the specified pressure will hold.
Radiator Leakage
Test
Factory
Specification
157 kPa
1.6 kgf/cm2
23 psi
4.1.7 Thermostat Opening Temperature
1. Suspend the thermostat in water by a string with one
end of the string inserted between the valve and its
seat.
2. Immerse the thermostat in water and raise the temperature of the water gradually.
3. With a thermometer, read the temperature of the
water when the valve opens and leaves the string.
4. Continue heating the water, read the temperature of
the water when the valve has opened approximately
6mm (0.236 in).
5. If the measurement is not within the factory specifications, replace the thermostat.
62--11161
4--2
Thermostat
Opening
Temperature
Factory
Specification
69.5 to 72.5°C
157.1 to 162.5°F
Thermostat
Full Open
Temperature
Factory
Specification
85°C
185°F
4.2 SERVICING
4.2.1 Thermostat Assembly
1. Remove the thermostat cover mounting bolts, and remove the thermostat cover (1).
2. Remove the thermostat assembly (3).
(When Reassembling)
Apply a liquid gasket only at the thermostat cover side of
the thermostat cover gasket (2).
1. Thermostat Cover
2. Thermostat Cover Gasket
1. Water Pump Flange
2. Water Pump Shaft
3 Water Pump Body
3. Thermostat Assembly
4.2.2 Water Pump Assembly
1. Remove the fan belt.
2. Remove the water pump pulley.
3. Remove the water pump from the gear case assembly.
4. Remove the water pump flange (1).
5. Press out the water pump shaft (2) with the impeller
(6) on it..
6. Remove the impeller from the water pump shaft.
7. Remove the mechanical seal.
(When Reassembling)
Replace the mechanical seal with a new one.
Apply a liquid gasket to both sides of the gasket (4).
4. Water Pump Gasket
5. Mechanical Seal
6. Impeller
4--3
62--11161
SECTION 5
FUEL SYSTEM
5.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING
5.1.1 Injection Timing
1. Remove the injection lines.
2. Remove the engine stop solenoid (when applicable).
3. Turn the flywheel counterclockwise (facing the flywheel) until fuel flows from the delivery valve holder.
4. Turn the flywheel further and stop turning when the
fuel level at the tip of the delivery valve holder begins
to increase.
5. Check to see which of the timing angle lines (1) on the
flywheel is aligned with the alignment mark (2).
Injection Timing
Factory
Specification
0.33 to 0.37 rad.
19° to 21° B.T.D.C.
NOTE
Injection timing adjustment is accomplished by
adding or removing shims under the injection
pump.
The timing advances by removing one shim and
retards by adding the same shim.
The addition or removal of 0.05 mm (0.002 in.)
of shim, changes the injection timing by approximately 0.087 rad. (0.5°).
Sealant should be applied to both sides of the
soft metal gasket shim.
Injection Timing
Map
1
Rated Speed
Rated Speed
Specification
3000 to 2501
0.30 to 0.33 rad.
17° to 19° B.T.D.C.
2500 to 2001
0.26 to 0.30 rad.
15° to 17° B.T.D.C.
Under 2000
0.23 to 0.26 rad.
13° to 15° B.T.D.C.
5.1.2 Shim Identification
NOTE
Shims are available in thicknesses of 0.20 mm,
0.25 mm, 0.30 mm, and 0.35mm. Combine
shims for adjustments.
2
3
4
Refer to the figure below to check the thickness of shims
1. Shim (soft metal)
2. 2--Holes: 0.20 mm shim
5--1
3. 1--Hole: 0.25 mm shim
4. 0--Holes: 0.30 mm shim
62--11161
5.1 CHECKING AND ADJUSTING (Continued)
5.1.3 Pump Element Fuel Seal
1. Remove the engine stop solenoid (when applicable).
2. Remove the injection lines and glow plugs.
3. Install the injection pump pressure tester to the injection pump.
4. Install the injection nozzle (1) jetted with the proper injection pressure to the injection pump pressure tester
(2).
5. Set the speed control lever to the maximum speed
position.
6. Engage the starter.
7. If the pressure does not build up, replace the pump
element with a new one and test again.
Fuel pump element seal
Allowable
Limit
13.73 MPa
140 kgf/cm2
1991 psi
5.1.4 Delivery Valve Fuel Seal
1. Remove the engine stop solenoid (when applicable).
2. Remove the injection lines and glow plugs.
3. Install the injection pump pressure tester to the injection pump.
4. Install the injection nozzle (1) jetted with the proper injection pressure to the injection pump pressure tester
(2).
5. Engage the starter.
6. Stop the starter when fuel jets from the injection
nozzle. Continue turning the flywheel by hand and
raise the pressure to approximately 13.73 MPa (140
kgf/cm2, 1991 psi.)
7. Now turn the flywheel about half a turn backward by
hand to keep the plunger free. Leave the flywheel in
this position while recording the time taken for the
pressure to drop from 13.73 MPa (140 kgf/cm2, 1991
psi.) to 12.75 MPa (130 kgf/cm2, 1849 psi.)
8. If the measurement is less than the allowable limit, replace the pump with a new one.
62--11161
5--2
Delivery valve
fuel seal
Factory Specification
10 seconds
13.73 to 12.75 MPa
140 to 130 kgf/cm2
1991 to 1849 psi
Delivery valve
fuel seal
Allowable
Limit
5 seconds
13.73 to 12.75 MPa
140 to 130 kgf/cm2
1991 to 1849 psi
5.2 INJECTION NOZZLE
WARNING
Check the injection nozzle only after confirming that nobody is near the spray. If the spray from the
nozzle contacts the human body, cells may be destroyed and blood poisoning may result.
5.2.1 Nozzle Spraying Condition
1. Set the injection nozzle in a nozzle tester and check
the nozzle spraying condition.
2. If the spraying condition is defective, replace the
injection nozzle assembly.
5.2.2 Nozzle Injection Pressure
1. Set the injection nozzle in a nozzle tester.
2. Slowly move the tester handle to measure the pressure at which fuel begins jetting out from the nozzle.
3. If the measurement is not within factory specifications, replace the adjusting washer (1) in the nozzle
holder.
Fuel Injection
Pressure
1st Stage
Factory
Specification
13.73 to 14.71 MPa
140 to 150 kgt/cm2
1991 to 2133 psi
(Reference)
A washer thickness of 0.01 mm (0.0004 in.) will vary the
the nozzle injection pressure by approximately 235 kPa
(2.4kgf/cm2, 34 psi.)
(a) Good
(b) Bad
5--3
62--11161
5.2 INJECTION NOZZLE (Continued)
5.2.3 Valve Seat Tightness
1. Set the injection nozzle in a nozzle tester.
2. Raise the fuel pressure, and maintain 12.7MPa (130
kgf/cm2, 1850 psi) for 10 seconds.
3. If any fuel leak is found or if there is any loss of pressure through the injection nozzle, replace the injection nozzle assembly.
Factory
Valve Seat
Tightness
Specification
No fuel leak at
12.7MPa
130 kgf/cm2
1850 psi
5.2.4 Nozzle Holder
1. Secure the nozzle retaining nut (7) with a vise.
2. Remove the nozzle holder (1), and remove the parts.
3. If any fuel leak is found, replace the injection nozzle
assembly.
(When Reassembling)
Assemble the nozzle in clean fuel oil.
Install the push rod (4), noting its direction.
After assembling the nozzle, be sure to adjust the fuel
injection pressure.
Tightening Torque
Nozzle Holder
34.3 to 39.2 N--m
3.5 to 4.0 kgf--m
25.3 to 28.9 ft--lbs
Tightening Torque
Overflow Pipe
Nut
19.6 to 24.5 N--m
2.0 to 2.5 kgf--m
14.5 to 18.1 ft--lbs
Tightening Torque
Nozzle Holder
Assembly
49.0 to 68.6 N--m
5.0 to 7.0 kgf--m
36.2 to 50.6 ft--lbs
1.
2.
3.
4.
62--11161
5--4
Nozzle Holder
Adjusting Washer
Nozzle Spring
Push Rod
5. Distance Piece
6. Nozzle Piece
7. Nozzle Retaining Nut
SECTION 6
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
6.1 GLOW PLUG
6.1.1 Lead Terminal Voltage
1. Disconnect the glow plug wiring lead (1) from the glow
plug (2).
2. Connect a voltmeter between the glow plug wiring
lead (1) and a suitable ground on the engine.
3. Energize the glow plug lead and read the voltage.
4. Energize the glow plug lead, engage the starter at the
same time and read the voltage.
5. If the voltage differs from the battery voltage in either
case, the wiring harness or the switch or switches are
faulty.
1. Wiring Lead (Positive)
2 Glow Plug
6.1.2 Glow Plug Continuity
1. Disconnect the glow plug wiring lead (1) from the glow
plug (2).
2. Measure the resistance between the glow plug terminal and the engine body with an ohmmeter.
3. If 0 ohm is indicated, the glow plug may be short--circuited.
4. If the factory specification is not met the plug is also
faulty.
Glow Plug
Resistance
6--1
Factory
Specification
Approximately 0.9 ohm
62--11161
6.2 STARTER (CT2--29--TV)
6.2.1 Motor Test
CAUTION
Secure the starter to prevent it from moving
when power is applied to it.
1. Disconnect the cable from the negative terminal on
the battery
2. Disconnect the the positive cable and leads from the
starter.
3. Remove the starter from the engine.
4. Disconnect the the connecting lead (2) from the starter solenoid C terminal (1).
5. Connect a jumper lead from the connecting lead (2) to
the positive post on the battery.
6. Connect a jumper lead momentarily between the
starter motor housing and the negative post on the
battery.
7. If the starter does not run, check the motor.
6.2.2 Magnetic Switch Test
6.2.2.a Pull--in Coil Test
1. Connect a jumper lead from the negative battery post
to the starter C terminal.
2. The plunger should be attracted strongly when a
jumperleadisconnectedfromthebattery positiveterminal to the S terminal.
6.2.2.b Holding Coil Test
1. Connect a jumper lead from the negative battery post
to the starter case and and another jumper from the
positive battery post to the starter S terminal.
2. Push the plunger in by hand and release it. The plunger should stay in.
(3)
1. C Terminal
62--11161
2. Connecting Lead
3. S Terminal
6--2
6.2 STARTER (CT2--29--TV) (Continued)
6.2.3 Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Solenoid Switch Mounting Nut
Starter Drive Housing
Drive Lever
Gasket
Solenoid Switch
C Terminal Nut
Snap Ring
Overrunning Clutch
Armature
Brush Spring
Connecting Lead
Rear End Frame
Gasket
Break Spring
Break Shoe
End Frame Cap
Screw
Yoke
Brush
Brush Holder
Through Bolt
1. Unscrew the C terminal nut (6), and disconnect the connecting lead (11).
2. Unscrew the solenoid switch mounting nuts (1), and remove the solenoid switch (5).
3. Remove the end frame cap (16).
4. Remove the break shoe (15), break spring (14) and gasket (13).
5. Unscrew the through bolts (21), and remove the rear end frame (12).
6. Unscrew the brush from the brush holder while holding the spring up.
7. Remove the brush holder (20).
8. Draw out the yoke (18) from the starter drive housing (2).
9. Draw out the armature (9) with the drive lever (3).
NOTE
Do not damage the brush and commutator.
When Reassembling
Apply grease (Carrier Part No. 07--00245--00) to the parts indicated in the figure.
-- Joint of solenoid switch (a)
-- Bushing (b)
-- Drive lever (c)
-- Collar (d)
-- Teeth of pinion gear (e)
-- Armature shaft (f)
Tightening
Torque
C Terminal Nut
7.8 to 9.8 N.m
0.8 to 1.0 kgf.m
5.8 to 7.2 ft--lbs
6--3
62--11161
6.3 STARTER (CT3--44--TV)
6.3.1 Motor Test
CAUTION
Secure the starter to prevent it from moving
when power is applied to it.
1. Disconnect the cable from the negative terminal on
the battery
2. Disconnect the the positive cable and leads from the
starter B terminal.
3. Remove the starter from the engine.
4. Disconnect the the connecting lead (2) from the starter solenoid C terminal (1).
5. Connect a jumper lead from the connecting lead (2) to
the positive post on the battery.
6. Connect a jumper lead momentarily between the
starter motor housing and the negative post on the
battery.
7. If the starter does not run, check the motor.
(3)
1. C Terminal
2. Connecting Lead
3. B Terminal
Tightening Torque
(4)
62--11161
8.8 to 11.8 N.m
0.9 to 1.2 kgf.m
6.5 to 8.7 ft--lbs.
6.3.2 Magnetic Switch Test
1. Disconnect the cable from the negative terminal on
the battery
2. Disconnect the positive cable and leads from the
starter B terminal.
3. Remove the starter from the engine.
4. Disconnect the the connecting lead (1) from the starter solenoid C terminal (2).
5. Connect a jumper lead from the starter S terminal (3)
to the positive battery post.
6. Momentarily, connect a jumper lead between the
starter C terminal (2) and negative battery terminal.
7. If the pinion gear nose does not pop out, check the
magnetic switch.
(3)
1. Connecting Lead
2. C Terminal
B
Terminal Nut
3. S terminal
4. B terminal
NOTE
This test should only be carried out for a 3 to 5
second time period and not longer.
6--4
6.3 STARTER (CT3--44--TV) (Continued)
6.3.3 Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Magnetic Switch Mounting Nut
Housing
Magnetic Switch
C Terminal Nut
Shaft Assembly
Drive Lever
Overrunning Clutch
Connecting Lead
Mounting Screw
Armature
Yoke
Brush Holder
Rear End Frame
Through Bolt
1. Unscrew the C terminal nut (4), and disconnect the connecting lead (8).
2. Unscrew the magnetic switch mounting nuts (1), and remove the magnetic switch (3) from the housing (2).
3. Unscrew the through bolts (14) and mounting screw (9), and remove the rear end frame (13).
4. Remove the brush from the brush holder while holding the spring up.
5. Remove the brush holder.
6. Draw out the armature (10) and yoke (11) from the housing.
7. Draw out the shaft assembly (5) with the drive lever (6) and overrunning clutch (7) from the housing.
When Reassembling
Tightening
Torque
C Terminal Nut
5.9 to 11.8 N.m
0.6 to 1.2 kgf.m
4.3 to 8.7 ft--lbs
6--5
62--11161
6.4 STARTER SERVICING
6.4.1 Overrunning Clutch
1. Inspect the pinion for wear or damage.
2. If there is any defect, replace the assembly.
3. Check that the pinion turns freely and smoothly in the
overrunning direction and does not slip in the cranking direction.
4. If the pinion slips or does not rotate in both directions,
replace the overrunning clutch assembly.
6.4.2 Armature Bearing
1. Check the bearing for smooth rotation.
2. If it does not rotate smoothly, replace it.
6.4.3 Brush Wear
1. If the contact face of the brush is dirty or dusty, clean it
with emery cloth.
2. Measure the brush length “A” with a vernier caliper.
3. If the length is less than the the allowable limit, replace the yoke assembly and the brush holder.
CT2--29--TV
Brush
Length
A
CT3--44--TV
Factory
Specification
16.0 mm
0.630 in.
Allowable
Limit
10.5 mm
0.413 in.
Factory
Specification
14.0 mm
0.551 in.
Allowable
Limit
9.0 mm
0.354 in.
6.4.4 Solenoid
1. Check the continuity across the “C” terminal and the
“B” terminal by pushing the plunger, then measuring
resistance with an ohmmeter.
2. If there is no continuity, check the contacts.
6.4.5 Brush Holder
1. Check the continuity across the brush holder and
holder support with an ohmmeter.
2. If there is any continuity, replace the brush holder
62--11161
6--6
6.4 STARTER SERVICING (Continued)
6.4.6 Armature
6.4.6.a Continuity Check
1. Check the continuity across the commutator and the
armature with an ohmmeter.
2. If there is continuity, replace the armature.
3. Check the continuity across the segments of the commutator with an ohmmeter.
4. If there is no continuity, replace the armature.
6.4.6.b Commutator and Mica
1. Check the contact pattern of the commutator for
wear, and grind the commutator with emery cloth if it
is slightly worn.
2. Measure the commutator O.D. with an outside micrometer at several points.
3. If the minimum O.D. is less than the allowable limit,
replace the armature.
4. If the difference of the O.D.’s exceeds the allowable
limit, correct the commutator on a lathe to the factory
specifications.
5. Measure the mica undercut.
6. If the undercut is less than the allowable limit, correct
it with a saw blade and chamfer the segment edges.
1. Segment
2. Depth of Mica
3. Mica
6--7
(a). Correct
(b). Incorrect
62--11161
6.4 STARTER SERVICING (Continued)
6.4.7 Field Coil
1. Check the continuity across the lead (1) and the brush
with an ohmmeter.
2. If there is no continuity, replace the yoke assembly.
3. Check the continuity across the brush (2) and the
yoke (3) with an ohmmeter.
4. If there is continuity, replace the yoke assembly.
1. Lead
2. Brush
62--11161
3. Yoke
6--8
INDEX
B
I
Battery, i
Identification, 1--1
bearing case, 2--16, 2--18
idle gear, 2--11
injection nozzle, 5--3, 5--4
C
injection timing, 5--1
camshaft, 2--11, 2--25, 2--26
L
camshaft -- fuel, 2--12
compression pressure, 2--1
connecting rod, 2--13, 2--15, 2--29
lubricating system, 3--1
coolant, i, 2--2, 4--1
O
coolant level, 1--12
cooling system, 4--1
crankshaft, 2--30
crankshaft assembly, 2--17
crankshaft gear, 2--12
crankshaft sleeve, 2--35
cylinder, 2--36
oil filter, 3--2
oil level, 1--12, 3--1
oil pressure, 3--2
oil pump gear, 2--12
oil pump service, 3--3
cylinder head, 2--3, 2--4, 2--19
D
P
piston, 2--14, 2--28, 2--29
delivery valve, 5--2
piston ring, 2--15
dye/penetrant, 2--19
Pump element, 5--2
push rod, 2--24
E
R
electrical system, 6--1
engine oil, 1--12, 2--2, 3--1
radiator, 4--2
radiator cap, 4--2
F
Fan Drive Pulley, 2--10
relief valve, 3--3
rocker arm, 2--23
flywheel, 2--16
S
fuel injection, 2--3
fuel system, 5--1
fuel system -- bleeding , 1--12
G
Safety Precautions, i
Specific Warning and Cautions Statements, i, ii
specifications, 1--2
starter service, 6--6, 6--7, 6--8
Gear Case, 2--10
starter -- 2 cylinder, 6--2, 6--3
glow plug, 6--1
starter -- 3 cylinder, 6--4, 6--5
Index--1
62--11161
INDEX
T
tappets, 2--5, 2--24
thermostat, 4--2
valve clearance, 1--13
valve guide, 2--21
valve seat, 2--21
timing gear, 2--25
valve spring, 2--23
timing gear, camshafts, 2--7, 2--8, 2--9, 2--10,
2--11, 2--12
valves, 2--5, 2--6, 2--20, 2--22
Torque Specification, 1--4
V
v--belt, 4--1
62--11161
W
water pump, 4--3
water pump assembly, 2--7, 2--8, 2--9
Index--2
Carrier Transicold Division, Carrier Corporation
Truck/Trailer & Container Product Groups
P.O. Box 4805
Syracuse, N.Y. 13221 U.S A
www.carrier.transicold.com
A member of the United Technologies Corporation family. Stock symbol UTX
©2007 Carrier Corporation D Printed in U. S. A. 0707