STIH)
STIHL MS 460
2004-11
Contents
1.
Introduction
3
2.
Safety Precautions
4
3.
Specifications
5
3.1
Tightening Torques
6
4.
Troubleshooting
Chart
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.5
5.6
Clutch, Chain Drive,
Chain Brake,
Chain Tensioner
Rewind Starter
Chain Lubrication
Ignition System
Carburetor
Engine
Clutch, Chain Drive,
Chain Brake and
Chain Tensioner
Clutch Drum/Chain
Sprocket
Replacing the
Chain Catcher
Clutch
Chain Brake
Checking Operation
Removing
Installing
Chain Tensioner
Bar Mounting Studs
8
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
6.
Engine
6.1
6.8
Muffler/Spark
Arresting Screen
Leakage Test
Preparations
Pressure Test
Vacuum Test
Oil Seals
Removing the Shroud
Cylinder and Piston
Removing
Installing
Piston Rings
Crankcase
Removing the
Crankshaft
Installing the
Crankshaft
Decompression Valve
39
44
7.
Ignition System
44
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
Ignition Module
Ignition Timing
Removing and
Installing
Testing
the Ignition Module
Spark Plug Boot/
Ignition Lead
Flywheel
Removing
Installing
Stop Switch
Wiring Harness
Testing Wiring
Harness
Ignition System
Troubleshooting
45
45
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.6
6.7
6.7.1
6.7.2
7.1.3
15
7.2
16
16
18
18
19
21
23
24
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.4
7.5
7.5.1
7.6
24
24
26
26
27
28
29
30
31
31
32
36
36
8.
Rewind Starter
55
8.1
8.2
General
Removing and
Installing
Pawls
Rope Rotor
Starter Rope
Tensioning
Starter Rope Guide
Bushing
Replacing Rewind
Spring
55
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.5.1
8.6
8.7
55
55
56
56
57
58
59
9.
AV Handle System
60
10.
Master Control/
Handle System
61
36
10.1
10.2
Switch Shaft
Throttle Trigger/
Interlock Lever
61
11.
Chain Lubrication
63
11.1
Pickup Body/Suction
Hose
Valve
Cleaning
Replacing
Oil Pump
Removing and
Installing
Servicing
62
45
47
48
49
49
50
50
50
11.2
11.2.1
11.2.2
11.3
11.3.1
11.3.2
63
64
64
64
65
65
65
51
52
q
© ANDREAS STIHL AG & Co. KG, 2004
MS 460, MS 460 C
1
Contents
12.
Fuel System
66
12.1
Air Filter
12.2
Carburetor
12.2.1 Removing and
Installing
12.2.2 Leakage Test
12.3
Servicing
the Carburetor
12.3.1 Metering Diaphragm
12.3.2 Inlet Needle
12.3.3 Fixed Jet
12.3.4 Pump Diaphragm
12.4
Adjusting (Carburetor
without Limiter Cap)
12.4.1 Adjusting (Carburetor
with Limiter Cap)
12.4.2 Basic Setting (
Carburetor with
Limiter Caps)
12.5
Tank Vent
12.6
Pickup Body
12.7
Fuel Hose
12.8
Tank Housing
66
67
67
68
68
68
69
70
70
71
72
72
73
74
75
75
13.
78
13.1
13.2
13.3
Testing
79
Troubleshooting Chart 80
Heating Element with
Thermostatic Switch
81
14.
Handle Heating
System
14.1
Troubleshooting
14.1.1 Troubleshooting Chart
14.1.2 Test Connections and
Test Values
14.2
Heater Switch
14.3
Heating Element in
Rear Handle
14.4
Heating Element in
Front Handle
14.5
Generator
15.
16.
2
Carburetor Heating
System
81
81
83
85
87
87
88
89
Special Servicing
Tools
90
Servicing Aids
92
MS 460, MS 460 C
1.
Introduction
This service manual contains
detailed descriptions of all the
typical repair and servicing
procedures for this power tool.
You should make use of the
illustrated parts lists while carrying
out repair work. They show the
installed positions of the individual
components and assemblies.
Refer to the latest edition of the
relevant parts list to check the part
numbers of any replacement parts.
A fault on the machine may have
several causes. To help locate the
fault, consult the chapter on
"Troubleshooting" and the "STIHL
Service Training System".
Refer to the “Technical Information”
bulletins for engineering changes
which have been introduced since
publication of this service manual.
Technical information bulletins also
supplement the parts list until an
updated edition is issued.
The special tools mentioned in the
descriptions are listed in chapter
"Special Servicing Tools" of this
manual. Use the part numbers to
identify the tools in the "STIHL
Special Tools" manual which lists all
the special servicing tools currently
available from STIHL.
Symbols are included in the text and
pictures for greater clarity.
The meanings are as follows:
In the descriptions:
: = Action to be taken as
shown in the illustration
(above the text)
: = Action to be taken that is
not shown in the illustration
(above the text)
+= Situation applies from
serial No.
*= Situation applies up to
serial No.
In the illustrations:
A Pointer (short arrow)
a Direction of movement
(long arrow)
b 4.2 = Reference to another
chapter, i.e. chapter 4.2
in this example.
Servicing and repairs are made
considerably easier if the clamp (1)
5910 890 2000 is used to mount the
machine on assembly stand (2)
5910 890 3100 so that one clamp
screw engages the outer 10 mm
hole (3) in the assembly stand.
The machine can then be turned to
the most suitable position for the
ongoing repair.
To service the underside of the
machine (e.g. remove the oil pump),
mount it upside down in the
assembly stand.
Pull the hand guard back against
the front handle for this purpose.
Always use original STIHL
replacement parts.
They can be identified by the
STIHL part number,
the STIH) logo and the
STIHL parts symbol (
This symbol may appear alone on
small parts.
Service manuals and technical
information bulletins are intended
exclusively for the use of properly
equipped repair shops. They must
not be passed to third parties.
MS 460, MS 460 C
3
2.
Safety Precautions
If the engine is started up in the
course of repairs or maintenance
work, observe all local and countryspecific safety regulations as well
as the safety precautions and
warnings in the instruction manual.
Gasoline is an extremely flammable
fuel and can be explosive in certain
conditions.
Improper handling may result in
burns or other serious injuries.
Warning!
Do not bring any fire, flame, spark or
other source of heat near the fuel.
All work with fuel must be performed
outdoors only. Spilled fuel must be
wiped away immediately.
4
MS 460, MS 460 C
3.
3.1
Specifications
Engine
Displacement:
Bore:
Stroke:
Engine power to ISO 7293:
Max. permissible engine speed
with bar and chain:
Idle speed:
Clutch:
Clutch engages at:
Crankcase leakage test
at gauge pressure:
under vacuum:
3.2
0.5 bar
0.5 bar
0.8 bar
0.3 bar
as specified in instruction manual
Ignition System
Air gap between ignition module
and fanwheel:
Spark plug (suppressed):
Electrode gap:
3.4
13,500 ± 150 rpm
2,500 rpm
Three-shoe centrifugal clutch
without linings
3,500 rpm
Fuel System
Carburetor leakage test
at gauge pressure:
Operation of tank vent at gauge
pressure:
Fuel:
3.3
76.5 cm3
52 mm
36 mm
4.4 kW (5.98 bhp)
at 9,500 rpm
0.15 – 0.3 mm
Bosch WSR 6F
NGK BPMR 7 A
0.5 mm
Chain Lubrication
Fully automatic, speed-controlled oil pump with rotary piston
Oil delivery rate:
MS 460, MS 460 C
8 – 18 cm3 at 10,000 rpm
5
3.5
Tightening Torques
DG and P screws (Plastoform) are used in polymer and light metal components. These screws form a
permanent thread when they are installed for the first time. They can be removed and installed as often as
necessary without impairing the strength of the screwed assembly, providing the specified tightening torque is
observed.
For this reason it is essential to use a torque wrench.
Fastener
Thread size
For component
Torque
Remarks
Nm
Screw
Starter post
Screw
Collar screw
Screw
Screw
Nut
Collar nut
Screw
IS-M4x8
M7x12.5
IS-M4x12
M8x21.5
IS-M4x12
IS-M4x12
M10x1
M5
M5 SK6
B 4.2x9.5
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Locknut
Screw
IS-M4x12
IS-P6x21.5
IS-P6x19
IS-P4x19
IS-M5x35
IS-M5x16
M5
IS-M5x20
Screw
Locknut
Screw
Screw
Carrier
Slotted nut
Nut
IS-M5x12
M5
IS-M5x20
IS-M5x20
M12x1L
M5
M8x1
Chain tensioner cover plate
Starter post/fan housing
Brake band/crankcase
Guide bar
Cover on oil pump/sprocket side
Cover/crankcase, sprocket side
Decompression valve
Filter cover
Flange/air filter
Spark arresting screen
(Z version only)
Generator (W version only)
Handlebar, top
Handlebar, bottom
Handle molding
Hand guard, left
Shroud/crankcase
Chain catcher/spiked bumper
Chain catcher/spiked bumper/
crankcase, bottom
Spiked bumper/crankcase, top/nut
Chain sprocket cover/spiked bumper
Crankcase
Fan housing
Carrier
Baffle/air filter/carburetor
Crankshaft (flywheel)
3.0
12.0
3.0
23.0
3.0
3.0
14.0
1.0
6.0
2)
2)
6)
3.5
8.0
8.0
1.6
7.0
7.0
6.0
7.5
1)7)
1)
1)
3)
7.5
7.5
11.5
7.0
50.0
2.5
33.0
2)
Remarks:
1) Secure screw with Loctite 649
2) Secure screw with Loctite 243
3) Only machines with wrap-around handle
6) Only machines with spark arresting screen
7) Only machines with handle heating
6
MS 460, MS 460 C
Fastener
Thread size For component
Screw
IS-P6x32.5
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Screw
Nut
Screw
Screw
Nut
Screw
Spark plug
Screw
Torque
Annular buffer/tank housing, top rear
left
IS-M4x16
Annular buffer/crankcase
IS-P6x19
Annular buffer/tank housing, rear
IS-P6x19
Annular buffer/tank housing, front
IS-M5x20
Wrap-around handle with bracket
IS-M5x6
Muffler, top
IS-M5x6
Muffler, top
IS-M5x30
Muffler, top/sleeve
IS-M6x30
Muffler/crankcase
IS-M6x30
Muffler/crankcase
IS-M5x16
Muffler/cylinder
IS-M5x16
Muffler/cylinder
IS-B2.9x9.5 Switch housing
IS-B3.9x13 Guard/tank housing
M8x1
Flywheel
IS-M4x12
Segment/fan housing
IS-M4x8
Inner side plate
M5
Carburetor
IS-M6x30
Cylinder/Crankcase
M14x1.25
Spark plug
IS-M5x20
Ignition module
Remarks
5.5
5.0
5.5
5.5
7.0
6.5
6.5
6.5
15.0
12.0
11.5
11.5
1.0
2.8
33.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
15.0
25.0
7.0
2)
4)5)
4)5)
2)
4)5)
2)
4)5)
Remarks:
2) Secure with Loctite 243
4) Secure with high strength Loctite 272
5) Only version with catalytic converter
Screws secured with adhesive are easier to loosen if the adhesive is heated first with a hot air blower.
Exercise caution on polymer components.
Use the following procedure to fit a P (Plastoform) or DG screw in an existing thread:
– Place the screw in the hole and rotate it counterclockwise until it drops down slightly.
– Tighten the screw clockwise to the specified torque.
This procedure ensures that the screw engages properly in the existing thread and does not form a new thread
and weaken the assembly.
Power screwdriver speed setting for polymer:
– P screws: max. 500 rpm
MS 460, MS 460 C
7
4.
4.1
Troubleshooting Chart
Clutch, Chain Drive, Chain Brake,
Chain Tensioner
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Saw chain stops under load at full
throttle
Clutch shoes badly worn
Replace clutch shoes
Clutch drum badly worn
Install new clutch drum
Brake band stuck
Check freedom of movement
and function of brake band
Engine idle speed too high
Readjust with idle speed screw
(counterclockwise)
Saw chain rotates at idle speed
Clutch springs stretched or fatigued Replace the clutch springs
Clutch spring hooks broken
Loud noises
Chain sprocket wears rapidly
Chain does not stop immediately
when brake is activated
8
Replace the clutch springs
Clutch springs stretched or fatigued Replace all clutch springs
Needle cage damaged
Fit new needle cage
Clutch shoe retainer broken
Fit new retainer
Clutch shoes and carrier worn
Install new clutch
Chain not properly tensioned
Tension chain as specified
Wrong chain pitch
Fit chain of correct pitch
Insufficient chain lubrication
Check chain lubrication
Chain sprocket worn
Install new chain sprocket
Brake spring stretched or broken
Fit new brake spring
Brake band stretched / worn /
broken
Fit new brake band
MS 460, MS 460 C
4.2
Rewind Starter
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Starter rope broken
Rope pulled out too vigorously as
far as stop or over edge, i.e. not
vertically
Fit new starter rope
Normal wear
Fit new starter rope
Spring overtensioned – no reserve
when rope is fully extended
Fit new rewind spring
Very dirty or corroded
Clean or replace rewind spring
Guide peg on pawls or pawls
themselves are worn
Fit new pawls
Spring clip fatigued
Fit new spring clip
Starter mechanism is very dirty
(very dusty work area)
Clean complete starter mechanism
Lubricating oil on rewind spring
becomes viscous at very low
outside temperatures (spring
windings stick together)
Coat rewind spring with a standard
solvent-based degreasant
(containing no chlorinated or
halogenated hydrocarbons). Then
pull rope carefully several times
until normal action is restored
Rewind spring broken
(rope does not rewind)
Starter rope can be pulled out
almost without resistance
(crankshaft does not turn)
Starter rope is difficult to pull
and rewinds very slowly
MS 460, MS 460 C
9
4.3
Chain Lubrication
In the event of trouble with the chain
lubrication system, check and
rectify other sources of faults before
disassembling the oil pump.
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Chain receives no oil
Oil tank empty
Fill up with oil
O-ring on oil line in crankcase seat
faulty or oil line damaged
Remove oil pump, fit new O-ring
and refit oil pump or install a new oil
pump
Oil inlet hole in guide bar is
blocked
Clean oil inlet hole
Intake hose or pickup body
(strainer) clogged or intake hose
ruptured
Clean suction hose and pickup
body (strainer) with a little standard
solvent-based degreasant
(containing no chlorinated or
halogenated hydrocarbons) or
replace if necessary
Valve in oil tank blocked
Clean/replace valve
Teeth on pump piston and/or worm
worn
Install new oil pump and/or new
worm
O-ring on oil line in crankcase seat
faulty or oil line damaged
Remove oil pump, fit new O-ring
and refit oil pump or install a new oil
pump
Bore in pump housing worn
Fit new oil pump
Control screw and/or control edge
on pump piston worn
Replace control screw and/or oil
pump
Bore in pump housing worn
Fit new oil pump
Machine losing chain oil
Oil pump delivers insufficient oil
10
MS 460, MS 460 C
4.4
Ignition System
Warning!
Exercise extreme caution while
carrying out maintenance and repair
work on the ignition system. The
high voltages which occur can
cause serious or fatal accidents!
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Engine runs roughly, misfires,
temporary loss of power
Spark plug boot is loose
Press boot firmly onto spark plug
and fit new spring if necessary
Spark plug sooted, smeared
with oil
Clean the spark plug or replace if
necessary
No ignition spark
Faulty insulation on ignition lead or
short circuit wire. Use ohmmeter to
check ignition lead for break. If
break is detected or high resistance
measured, fit a new ignition lead
Incorrect air gap between ignition
coil and flywheel
Set air gap correctly
Flywheel cracked or has other
damage or pole shoes have turned
blue
Install new flywheel
Crankcase damaged (cracks)
Replace crankcase
Check operation of spark plug.
Inspect Master Control lever,
ignition coil/lead for damage
insulation and leakage current.
Clean or replace spark plug,
replace faulty parts of ignition
system
No ignition spark
Check operation of Master Control
lever and ignition module
Ignition timing wrong, flywheel out
of adjustment, key in flywheel has
sheared off
Install new flywheel
Weak magnetization in flywheel –
pole shoes have turned blue
Install new flywheel
MS 460, MS 460 C
11
4.5
Carburetor
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Carburetor floods;
engine stalls
Inlet needle not sealing. Foreign
matter in valve seat or cone
damaged
Remove and clean or replace the
inlet needle, clean the fuel tank,
pickup body and fuel line if
necessary
Inlet control lever sticking on
spindle
Free off inlet control lever
Helical spring not located on nipple
of inlet control lever
Remove the inlet control lever and
refit it correctly
Perforated disc on diaphragm is
deformed and presses constantly
against the inlet control lever
Fit a new metering diaphragm
Inlet control lever too high
(relative to correct installed
position)
Set inlet control lever flush with top
edge of housing
Idle jet too lean
Rotate low speed screw (L)
counterclockwise (richer), no
further than stop
Main jet too lean
Rotate high speed screw (H)
counterclockwise (richer), no
further than stop
Inlet control lever too low
(relative to correct installed
position)
Set inlet control lever flush with top
edge of housing
Inlet needle sticking to valve seat
Remove inlet needle, clean and
refit
Diaphragm gasket leaking
Fit a new diaphragm gasket
Metering diaphragm damaged or
shrunk
Fit a new metering diaphragm
Poor acceleration
12
MS 460, MS 460 C
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Engine will not idle,
idle speed too high
Throttle shutter opened too wide by
idle speed screw (LA)
Reset idle speed screw (LA)
correctly
Engine leaking
Seal the engine
Idle jet bores or ports blocked
Clean jet bores and ports and blow
clear with compressed air
Idle jet too rich or too lean
Set low speed screw (L)
correctly
Setting of idle speed (LA)
incorrect – throttle shutter
completely closed
Set idle speed screw (LA)
correctly
Small plastic plate in valve jet
does not close
Clean or renew valve jet
Air filter dirty
Clean the air filter
Tank vent faulty
Clean tank vent or replace if
necessary
Fuel pickup body dirty
Clean the pickup body, fit a new
filter
Fuel strainers dirty
Replace the fuel strainers
Leak in fuel line between tank and
fuel pump
Seal connections or install a new
fuel line
Pump diaphragm damaged or
fatigued
Fit new pump diaphragm
Main jet bores or ports blocked
Clean the bores and ports
Setting of high speed screw (H)
too rich
Rotate high speed screw (H)
clockwise (leaner), no further than
stop
Throttle shutter not opened fully
Check linkage
Engine stalls at idle speed
Engine speed drops quickly under
load – low power
MS 460, MS 460 C
13
4.6
Engine
Always check and, if necessary,
repair the following parts before
looking for faults on the engine:
–
–
–
–
Air filter
Fuel system
Carburetor
Ignition system
Condition
Cause
Remedy
Engine does not start easily, stalls
at idle speed, but operates normally
at full throttle
Oil seals in crankcase damaged
Replace the oil seals
Crankcase leaking or damaged
(cracks)
Seal or replace the crankcase
Muffler leaking
Seal or replace the muffler
Piston rings worn or broken
Fit new piston rings
Muffler / spark arresting screen
carbonized
Clean the muffler (inlet and
exhaust), replace spark arresting
screen
Air filter element dirty
Replace air filter element
Fuel / impulse line severely kinked
or damaged
Replace lines or position them free
from kinks
Decompression valve sticking
Replace the decompression valve
Insufficient cylinder cooling. Air
inlets in fan housing blocked or
cooling fins on cylinder very dirty
Thoroughly clean all cooling air
openings and the cylinder fins
Engine does not deliver full power
or runs erratically
Engine overheating
14
MS 460, MS 460 C
5.
Clutch, Chain Drive,
Chain Brake and Chain
Tensioner
5.1
Clutch Drum/Chain
Sprocket
12
1
148RA061 VA
138RA002 VA
2
1
: Remove the E-clip (1), washer (2)
and, if necessary, the rim
sprocket (3).
Wear work gloves to protect your
hands from injury.
– Unscrew the hex nuts (1) and
remove the chain sprocket
cover (2) as well as the bar and
chain (3).
100%
80%
!
148RA101 VA
3
3
: Inspect the clutch drum (1) for
signs of wear.
If there are signs of serious wear on
the inside diameter of the clutch
drum (1), check the remaining wall
thickness. If it is less than about
80% of the original thickness, fit a
new clutch drum.
If the clutch drum has to be
replaced, also check the brake
band, b 5.4.2
1
148RA062 VA
2
: Pull off the clutch drum (1) with
needle cage (2).
143RA004 VA
– Inspect the needle cage for
damage.
: Disengage the chain brake by
pulling the hand guard towards
the front handle.
MS 460, MS 460 C
15
5.2
Replacing the
Chain Catcher
5.3
Clutch
Troubleshooting – b 4.1
1
If the clutch drum is still serviceable,
use No. 120 emery paper or emery
cloth (grain size approx. 120 µm) to
clean and roughen its friction
surface.
2
176RA000 VA
176RA330 VA
– Remove the clutch drum or chain
sprocket, b 5.1
– Remove the chain sprocket cover
– b 5.1
: Remove screw (1) from chain
catcher (2) and lift away the chain
catcher.
Install in the reverse sequence.
Clean stub of crankshaft. Wash
needle cage, examine it for damage
and replace if necessary. Lubricate
needle cage with STIHL multipurpose grease, b 16.
Install in the reverse sequence.
2
1
176RA002 VA
– Rotate clutch drum/chain
sprocket and apply slight
pressure at the same time until
the oil pump drive spring
engages the notch (see arrow).t
: Loosen the twist lock (1) and lift
off the carburetor box cover (2)
upwards.
176RA250 VA
1
: Remove the air baffle (1).
– Pull off the spark plug boot and
unscrew the spark plug.
16
MS 460, MS 460 C
1
2
2
: Close the decompression valve
(2) (if fitted).
208RA026 VA
Disassembling
– Clean all parts, b 16.
: Use hook (2) 5910 890 2800 to
remove the clutch springs (1).
– Replace any damaged parts.
– Pull the clutch shoes off the
carrier.
208RA029 VA
: Push the locking strip (1)
0000 893 5903 into the cylinder
so that "OBEN-TOP" faces up.
208RA028 VA
176RA004 VA
1
Installing
: Push the retainers onto the clutch
shoes.
: Unscrew the clutch from the
crankshaft.
Note that clutch has a left-hand
thread.
MS 460, MS 460 C
: Pull the retainers off the clutch
shoes.
1
3
146RA208 VA
208RA031 VA
148RA068 VA
2
: Fit the clutch shoes over the
arms (1) of the clutch carrier so
that the series number (2) is on
the same side as the longer
hexagon (3).
17
5.4
5.4.1
– Install the spark plug and tighten
it down firmly, b 3.5
– Fit the boot on the spark plug.
208RA030 VA
– Fit the shroud.
: Clamp the clutch in a vise.
– Install the clutch drum/chain
sprocket, b 5.1
Check correct position of grooves in
the shroud.
Chain Brake
Checking Operation
The chain brake is one of the most
important safety devices on the
chainsaw. Its efficiency is measured
in terms of the chain braking time,
i.e. the time that elapses between
activating the brake and the saw
chain coming to a complete
standstill. The shorter the braking
time, the better the efficiency and
protection offered against being
injured by the rotating chain.
Contamination (with chain oil, chips,
fine particles of abrasion, etc.) and
smoothing of the friction surfaces of
the brake band and clutch drum
impair the coefficient of friction.
This, in turn, reduces the frictional
forces and thus prolongs the
braking time. A fatigued or stretched
brake spring has the same negative
effect.
2
– Start the engine.
208RA033 VA
1
: Attach one end of each spring (1)
to the clutch shoes.
– With the chain brake released,
open the throttle wide and
activate the brake manually – the
chain must come to an abrupt
stop.
The braking time is in order if
deceleration of the saw chain is
imperceptible to the eye.
135RA024 VA
: Use the hook (2) 5910 890 2800
to attach other ends of springs
and press them firmly into the
clutch shoes.
– With the chain brake activated
(locked), open the throttle wide
for a brief period (max. 3
seconds) – the chain must not
rotate.
: Fit the clutch and tighten it down
firmly, b 3.5
– Remove locking strip from the
cylinder.
18
MS 460, MS 460 C
5.4.2
Removing
Troubleshooting – b 4.1.
176RA026 VA
– Remove the clutch drum or chain
sprocket, b 5.3
: Take out the screws (arrows).
176RA029 VA
– Remove the chain sprocket
cover, bar and chain, b 5.1
: Pry the brake band out of the
crankcase.
– Remove the cover.
– Relieve tension of brake spring
by pushing hand guard forward.
1
2
2
1
2
176RA030 VA
: Take screw (1) out of inner side
plate (2).
176RA027 VA
138RA004 VA
1
: Carefully ease the brake
spring (1) off the anchor pin and
take it off the bell crank (2).
: Remove the brake band (1) from
the lugs on the crankcase.
– Remove the side plate.
: Disconnect the brake band from
the bell crank (2).
: Take out the screw (arrow).
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA031 VA
176RA028 VA
– Engage the chain brake by
pushing the hand guard away
from the front handle.
Install a new brake band if there are
noticeable signs of wear (large
areas on inside diameter and/or
parts of outside diameter) and its
remaining thickness is less than
0.6 mm.
19
Thickness of brake band must not
be less at any point.
1
: Carefully pry the hand guard (1)
and bell crank (2) off their pivot
pins and remove them together.
: Pull the bell crank out of the hand
guard.
176RA005 VA
1
: Take out the screw (1).
1
3
176RA034 VA
4
2
1
176RA035 VA
2
176RA033 VA
: If the brake band is still
serviceable, use No. 120 emery
paper or emery cloth (grain size
approx. 120 µm) to clean and
roughen its friction surface
(inside diameter).
: Use a suitable punch to drive the
anchor pin (1) out of the
crankcase in the direction of the
arrow.
Do not drive out the pin in the other
direction as this would damage the
annular bead which was formed in
the crankcase bore when the pin
was originally installed. In such a
case neither the new anchor pin nor
the brake spring would locate
properly. Furthermore, the
crankcase could be damaged in this
way and possibly impair correct
operation of the chain brake.
: Remove the E-clip (1).
: Disconnect and remove the
spring (2).
: Pull off the cam lever (3).
– Inspect parts and replace if
damaged.
176RA032 VA
– Clean the entire housing recess
for the chain brake.
– If the groove in the anchor pin for
the brake spring is worn, install a
new pin.
– Remove the cylinder, b 6.5.1
: Remove the E-clip (arrow).
20
MS 460, MS 460 C
Installing
– If the brake spring anchor pin has
been removed, coat the knurled
shank of the new pin with Loctite
before installing, b 16.
11
– Position the new pin in the bore
so that the knurling on the pin
meshes with the existing knurling
in the bore. Turn pin back and
forth as necessary.
1
2
176RA037 VA
221
: Push the cam lever (1) onto the
pivot pin.
: Fit the E-clip (2).
176RA041 VA
5.4.3
3
: Position the hand guard (1)
against the pivot pin and fit the
other side of the hand guard over
the housing.
: Position bell crank (2) against the
pivot pin.
: Press the cam lever (3) slightly
downward and push the hand
guard and bell crank onto their
pivot pins.
a
2
1
– Tighten down hand guard
mounting screw firmly, b 3.5
176RA036 VA
176RA038 VA
3
: Carefully tap home the pin
squarely to obtain dimension "a"
(about 4.3–4.7 mm).
: Attach the spring (1) to the pivot
pin (2) and cam lever (3).
Make sure the pin is installed
completely square.
– Inspect the heat reflecting foil on
the hand guard and replace if
necessary.
– Install the cylinder, b 6.5.2
: Push bell crank into the side of
the hand guard.
176RA042 VA
176RA040 VA
– Coat all sliding and bearing
points with STIHL multipurpose
grease, b 16.
: Check that cam lever is properly
positioned on face (arrow) of
hand guard bearing boss.
The short arm (arrow) of the bell
crank must point to the top of the
hand guard.
MS 460, MS 460 C
21
: Push brake band into slot.
– Coat the brake band with chain
oil to protect it from corrosion and
help reduce "snatching" during
the first few brake applications.
176RA047 VA
176RA045 VA
176RA043 VA
: Secure bell crank with E-clip
(arrow).
: Attach brake spring to bell crank
(arrow).
– Coat screw with Loctite and fit,
b 16.
– Tighten down the screw firmly,
b 3.5
1
: The turns of brake spring must be
tightly against one another in the
relaxed condition. If this is not the
case, replace the brake spring.
176RA048 VA
b
176RA046 VA
a
2
: Use assembly tool (2)
1117 890 0900 to attach the
brake spring (1) to the anchor pin.
: Check correct position of
protective tube:
: Attach brake band to the bell
crank (arrow).
– Position the brake band behind
the lugs on the crankcase.
22
176RA026 VA
176RA044 VA
a = 20 mm
b = 32 mm
– Place cover in position.
: Insert screws (arrows) and
tighten down firmly, b 3.5
: Install clutch drum/chain
sprocket, b 5.1
MS 460, MS 460 C
5.5
Chain Tensioner
2
2
: Fit the side plate (2) over the
collar screws and push it against
the crankcase.
: Fit the screw (1) and tighten it
down firmly.
176RA055 VA
1
176RA052 VA
138RA004 VA
1
: Pull out the spur gear.
– Remove the inner side plate,
b 5.4.2
: Rotate the spur gear clockwise
until tensioner slide (1) butts
against the thrust pad (2).
– Mount the guide bar, saw chain
and chain sprocket cover.
Tighten down nuts on the chain
sprocket cover, b 3.5
1
: Pull out the retainer (1).
176RA056 VA
: Take out the tensioner slide with
adjusting screw and thrust pad.
: Take out the screw (2).
176RA054 VA
2
: Remove the cover plate.
MS 460, MS 460 C
3
1
176RA057 VA
2
176RA053 VA
– Check operation of chain brake,
b 5.4.1
: Inspect the teeth on the spur gear
and adjusting screw (1), replace
both parts if necessary. To do
this, pull off the thrust pad (2) and
unscrew the tensioner slide (3).
23
5.6
Bar Mounting Studs
6.
6.1
Engine
Muffler/Spark Arresting
Screen
Always check and, if necessary,
repair the fuel system, carburetor,
air filter and ignition system before
looking for faults on the engine.
Install in the reverse sequence.
The adjusting screw and spur gear
must be replaced as a matching
pair.
1
Troubleshooting – b 4.6
176RA117 VA
Coat teeth of adjusting screw and
spur gear with grease, b 16,
before installing.
– Remove the chain sprocket
cover, bar and chain, b 5.1
: Push stud puller (1)
5910 893 0501 over the collar
stud as far as it will go. Use a
15 mm wrench to unscrew the
collar stud counterclockwise
– Before installing, coat thread of
collar stud with Loctite, b 16.
: When reassembling, check that
O-ring (arrow) is fitted in spur
gear and coat with oil before
fitting the spur gear.
176RA006 VA
176RA058 VA
– Install and tighten down the collar
stud, b 3.5
: Take out the screws (arrows).
– Remove the top casing.
176RA007 VA
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
: Take out the screws (arrows).
– Remove the bottom casing.
– Remove the gasket and heat
shield.
24
MS 460, MS 460 C
1
: Inspect spark arresting screen (1)
(if fitted). If necessary, bend back
the retaining tabs (2) and pull out
the screen (not on MS 460
Magnum).
: Remove the spark arresting
screen (arrow).
176RA061 VA
176RA060 VA
176RA009 VA
2
: Inspect the heat reflecting foil and
replace if necessary, b 6.7.2
– Clean the spark arresting screen
or fit a new one if necessary.
– Clean or replace the spark
arresting screen if necessary.
2
On MS 460 Magnum, perform the
two following steps to clean the
spark arresting screen.
1
Catalytic converter machines
only
: If there are signs of cracks in the
honeycomb core (1), or if the
steel jacket is damaged, the
catalytic converter must be
replaced to avoid the risk of
engine damage.
: Place heat shield (1) in position.
: Install a new gasket (2) so that its
bead (3) points outward.
– Coat threads of screws with
Loctite, b 16.
– Tighten down the screws firmly –
b 3.5
Note different sizes of mounting
screws when fitting top casing:
Lower mounting screws are M6x20
and the upper mounting are M5x6.
176RA059 VA
2
1
3
176RA008 VA
176RA324 VA
1
MS 460 Magnum only
: Take out the screws (1).
– Remove the cover plate (2).
MS 460, MS 460 C
25
Leakage Test
6.2.1
Defective oil seals and gaskets or
cracks in castings are the usual
causes of leaks. Such faults allow
supplementary air to enter the
engine and upset the fuel-air
mixture.
176RA323 VA
1
Catalytic converter machines
only
: Fit conical spring washers on the
M6x30 screws (arrows).
: Fit M5x30 screw (1) with sleeve.
This makes adjustment of the
prescribed idle speed difficult, if not
impossible.
Moreover, the transition from idle
speed to part or full throttle is not
smooth.
The crankcase can be checked
thoroughly for leaks with the
carburetor and crankcase tester
and the vacuum pump.
Preparations
1
176RA010 VA
6.2
2
– Remove the decompression
valve, b 6.8
: Install plug (1) 1122 025 2200
and tighten down to 25 Nm.
: Fit spark plug (2) and tighten it
down, b 3.5
176RA007 VA
– Remove muffler top casing,
b 6.1
: Back off the screws (arrows) half
way.
26
MS 460, MS 460 C
6.2.2
Pressure Test
1
176RA017 VA
: Fit sealing plate (1)
0000 855 8106 between the heat
shield and cylinder exhaust port
and retighten the screws
moderately.
Check that the pin (1) in test flange
1128 850 4200 is in hole No. 1
(arrow), fit if necessary.
The sealing plate must completely
fill the space between the two
screws.
176RA014 VA
176RA012 VA
1
– Preparations, b 6.2.1
: Connect pressure hose (1) of
tester 1106 850 2905 to nipple
(arrow) on test flange.
3
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
1
4
: Push the test flange (1) into
position.
146RA063 VA
2
176RA013 VA
– Set the piston to top dead center
(T.D.C.). This can be checked
through the intake port.
1
: Close vent screw (1) on the
rubber bulb.
When fitting the test flange, make
sure the pin locates properly in the
impulse hose (2).
: Fit the sleeves (3)
0000 963 1008.
2
1
: Check that the sleeve (1) and
washer (2) are in place.
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA015 VA
176RA062 VA
: Fit the nuts (4) and tighten them
down firmly.
: Pump air into the crankcase with
rubber bulb until the gauge
(arrow) indicates a pressure of
0.5 bar. If this pressure remains
constant for at least 20 seconds,
the crankcase is airtight.
27
6.2.3
– If the pressure drops, the leak
must be found and the faulty part
replaced.
To find the leak, coat the suspect
area with oil and pressurize the
crankcase again. Bubbles will
appear if a leak exists.
– After finishing the test, open the
vent screw and disconnect the
hose of tester 1106 850 2905.
Vacuum Test
Oil seals tend to fail when subjected
to a vacuum, i.e. the sealing lip lifts
away from the crankshaft during the
piston's induction stroke because
there is no internal counterpressure.
An additional test can be carried out
with the vacuum pump to detect this
kind of fault. Carry out the same
preparations as for the pressure
test, b 6.2.2
– Continue with vacuum test,
b 6.2.3
If the vacuum reading remains
constant, or rises to no more than
0.3 bar within 20 seconds, it can be
assumed that the oil seals are in
good condition.
However, if the pressure continues
to rise (reduced vacuum in the
crankcase), the oil seals must be
replaced.
– After finishing the test, open the
vent screw and disconnect the
hose.
– Remove the test flange.
– Install the carburetor, b 12.2.1
– Loosen the muffler screws and
remove the sealing plate.
– Take out the screws one at a time
and refit with Loctite, b 16.
176RA014 VA
– Tighten down the screws firmly –
b 3.5
: Connect suction hose (arrow) of
vacuum pump 0000 850 3501 to
nipple (arrow) of the test flange.
– Unscrew the plug from the
cylinder.
– Install the decompression valve,
b 6.8
2
1
176RA018 VA
3
– Mount the muffler top casing.
: Close the vent screw (1) on the
pump.
: Operate lever (2) until pressure
gauge (3) indicates a vacuum of
0.5 bar.
28
MS 460, MS 460 C
6.3
Oil Seals
It is not necessary to disassemble
the complete crankcase to replace
the oil seals.
Flywheel side
1
176RA022 VA
1
176RA021 VA
– Remove the flywheel,
b 7.3.1
– Free off the oil seal in its seat by
tapping it with a suitable tube or a
punch.
: Use press sleeve (1)
1115 893 4600 to install the oil
seal.
: Apply puller (1) 5910 890 4400
with No. 6 jaws 0000 893 3711.
The seating face must be flat and
free from burrs.
– Clamp the puller arms.
– Wait about one minute, then
rotate the crankshaft several
times.
– Pull out the oil seal.
176RA019 VA
Take care not to damage the
crankshaft stub.
: Remove the key (arrow) from the
crankshaft stub.
– Clean sealing face with standard
solvent-based degreasant
containing no chlorinated or
halogenated hydrocarbons, b
16.
– Lubricate sealing lips of oil seal
with grease, b 16.
– Thinly coat the outside diameter
of the oil seal with sealant, b 16.
– Install the generator (if fitted) and
tighten down the screws firmly,
b 3.5
– Install the flywheel, b 7.3.
Clutch side
– Remove the oil pump, b 11.3.1
– Free off the oil seal in its seat by
tapping it with a suitable tube or a
punch.
: On machines with heated
handles, take out the screws
(arrows).
176RA064 VA
175RA031 VA
– Slip the oil seal, open side facing
the crankcase, over the
crankshaft stub.
: Use pliers 0811 611 8380 to
remove the retaining ring (arrow).
– Put the generator to one side.
MS 460, MS 460 C
29
6.4
Removing the Shroud
– Clamp the puller arms.
176RA025 VA
176RA023 VA
: Apply puller (1) 5910 890 4400
with No. 3.1 jaws 0000 893 3706.
– Slip the oil seal, open side facing
the crankcase, over the
crankshaft stub.
: Use press sleeve (1)
1118 893 2401 to install the oil
seal.
– Pull out the oil seal.
Take care not to damage the
crankshaft stub.
– Remove the installing sleeve.
– Cleaning sealing face with
standard solvent-based
degreasant containing no
chlorinated or halogenated
hydrocarbons, b 16.
176RA065 VA
1
1
– Remove the spark plug, b 5.3
: Take the screws (arrows) out of
the shroud.
– Lift away the shroud.
Install in the reverse sequence.
– Wait about one minute, then
rotate the crankshaft several
times.
– Install retaining ring in crankshaft
groove.
– Lubricate sealing lips of oil seal
with grease, b 16.
If the retaining ring is fatigued, fit a
new one.
– Thinly coat the outside diameter
of the oil seal with sealant, b 16.
– Install the oil pump, b 11.3.1
: Slip the installing sleeve (1)
1118 893 4602 onto the
crankshaft stub.
30
176RA067 VA
176RA024 VA
1
– If a decompression valve is fitted,
check that the cover (arrow) is
properly seated.
MS 460, MS 460 C
: Fit the shroud, making sure that
the ignition lead is properly
located in the recess (arrow).
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
Cylinder and Piston
Removing
Before removing the piston, decide
whether or not the crankshaft has to
be removed as well. The crankshaft
has to be blocked to remove the
flywheel and clutch by resting the
piston on the wooden assembly
block with the cylinder removed or
loosened.
176RA069 VA
176RA068 VA
6.5
6.5.1
– Remove the muffler, b 6.1
– Remove the spark plug, b 5.3
: Take out the cylinder base
screws through the holes
(arrows) in the cylinder.
– Remove the shroud, b 6.4
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
176RA072 VA
176RA070 VA
2 1
: If a decompression valve is fitted,
remove the cover (1) and
unscrew the valve (2).
: Carefully lift the cylinder and, at
the same time, push the manifold
through the tank housing
opening.
Do not use pointed or sharp-edged
tools for this job.
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA071 VA
176RA261 VA
2
1
: Take the sleeve (1) out of the
manifold.
: Carefully separate the cylinder
gasket from the cylinder base.
: Remove the washer (2) from the
studs.
– Pull the cylinder off the piston.
31
6.5.2
Installing
2
– Pull the manifold (2) off the intake
stub.
– Inspect the cylinder for damage
and scores and replace if
necessary.
– If a new cylinder has to be
installed, always fit a new
matching piston.
– Before removing the piston,
decide whether or not the
crankshaft has to be removed as
well. The crankshaft has to
blocked to remove the flywheel
and clutch by resting the piston
on the wooden assembly block
with the cylinder removed or
loosened.
– Remove the clutch, b 5.3
– Remove the flywheel,
b 7.3.1
176RA076 VA
176RA074 VA
: Remove the hookless snap rings
from the piston.
: Thoroughly clean the gasket
seating surface (1).
Wear safety glasses to protect your
eyes when working with spring
washers and snap rings.
: Lubricate the needle cage (2)
with oil and fit it in the small end.
2
1
1
176RA077 VA
: Loosen the hose clamp (1).
176RA075 VA
2 1
176RA073 VA
1
2
: Use the assembly drift (2)
0000 893 4700 to push the piston
pin (1) out of the piston.
: Check installed position of piston:
1 = Mark
2 = Flywheel
If the piston pin is stuck, tap the end
of the drift lightly with a hammer if
necessary.
Hold the piston steady during this
process to ensure that no jolts are
transmitted to the connecting rod.
– Heat the piston on an electric
heating plate to approx. 60°C
(140°F) and slip it over the
connecting rod.
– Remove the piston from the
connecting rod and take the
needle cage out of the small end.
– Inspect the piston rings and
replace if necessary, b 6.6
32
MS 460, MS 460 C
: Attach the snap ring (1) to the
magnet (2) so that the snap ring
gap is on the flat side of the tool's
shank.
2
249RA148 VA
: Remove the sleeve and slip it
onto the other end of the shank.
Inner pin must again point toward
flat face.
249RA146 VA
249RA149 VA
1
176RA079 VA
2
1
249RA145 VA
176RA078 VA
: Push the assembly drift
1110 893 4700, small diameter
first, through the piston and small
end (needle cage) and line up the
piston.
2
: Fit the piston pin (1) on the
assembly drift (2) and slide it into
the piston.
: Push the large slotted diameter of
the sleeve over the magnet and
snap ring. Position the sleeve so
that the inner pin (1) points
toward the flat face (2) of tool's
shank.
: Apply the installing tool
5910 890 2212 to the piston
boss, hold the piston steady,
center the tool shank exactly and
press home until the snap ring
slips into the groove.
: Remove the sleeve from
installing tool 5910 890 2212.
MS 460, MS 460 C
249RA147 VA
249RA144 VA
1
: Stand the installing tool, sleeve
downward, on a flat surface
(wooden board) and press
vertically downwards until the
sleeve butts against the tool's
shoulder.
33
249RA150 VA
176RA082 VA
On hose clamps without spacer
sleeve, tighten the screw until the
gap between the two ends of the
clamp is 5 – 6 mm.
Fit the snap rings so that their gaps
are on the piston's vertical axis (they
must point either up or down – see
arrow).
: Align the piston rings so that the
radii at the ring gap meet at the
fixing pin.
: Fit new cylinder gasket,
curvature facing down, on the
crankcase.
: Use the clamping strap (1)
0000 893 2600 to compress the
rings around the piston.
: Push the manifold on to the
intake port.
: Pay attention to the correct
installed position (arrow).
– Check correct installed position
of rings once again.
– Lubricate the inside of the
cylinder with oil and line it up so
that it is positioned as it will be in
the installed condition. It is
important to observe this point as
the piston rings might otherwise
break.
: Lubricate piston and piston rings
with oil and rest the piston (1) on
the wooden assembly block (2)
1108 893 4800.
1
176RA084 VA
176RA081 VA
1
2
176RA086 VA
176RA083 VA
176RA080 VA
1
: Push the hose clamp (1) over the
manifold. The screw head must
point to the right.
– Tighten down the clamp so that it
closes against the spacer sleeve.
34
MS 460, MS 460 C
– Remove the clamping strap and
wooden assembly block.
: Pull the ends of the string
outward.
176RA090 VA
176RA089 VA
176RA087 VA
: Carefully slide the cylinder over
the piston, the clamping strap
moves downwards at the same
time.
– Line up the cylinder and gasket.
: Tighten down the cylinder base
screws in an alternate pattern,
b 3.5
The manifold flange is pulled
through the tank housing intake
opening without damaging the
manifold.
– Check that flange is properly
seated in the tank housing.
2
1
176RA088 VA
176RA085 VA
1
: To pull the manifold flange
through the intake opening in the
tank housing, wind a piece of
string (1) (about 15 cm long)
around the back of the flange and
pass the ends of the string
through the intake opening.
: Screw home the decompression
valve (2), if fitted, and tighten it
down firmly, b 3.5
: Fit the cover (1).
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
: Press the manifold down.
176RA066 VA
2
1
: Fit sleeve (1) in manifold.
: Fit the washer (2) on the studs.
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
MS 460, MS 460 C
35
6.6
Piston Rings
6.7
6.7.1
– Remove the piston, b 6.5.1
Crankcase
Removing the Crankshaft
– Remove the brake band,
b 5.4.2
– Remove the rings from the
piston.
– Remove the chain catcher,
b 5.2
176RA096 VA
– Remove the flywheel, b 7.3
– Remove the cylinder, b 6.5.1
– Drain the oil tank.
: Take the sealing ring (arrow) out
of the housing bore.
– Drain the fuel tank.
Dispose of fuels and lubricants
properly in accordance with local
environmental requirements.
– Remove the piston, b 6.5.1
– Remove the ignition module, b
7.1.2
– Remove the oil seals,
b 6.3
: Install the new piston rings in the
grooves so that the radii at the
ends of the rings face upward.
176RA094 VA
176RA101 VA
: Pull the worm with drive spring
(arrow) out of the oil pump and off
the crankshaft.
176RA092 VA
: Use a piece of old piston ring to
scrape the grooves clean.
176RA093 VA
176RA091 VA
– On machines with heated
handles, remove the generator,
b 14.5
: Take out the screws (arrows).
– Remove the piston, b 6.5.2
– Remove the oil pump.
– Install the piston, b 6.5.2
36
MS 460, MS 460 C
– Pull short circuit and ground
wires out of the housing.
2
: Hold the self-locking nut steady
and take out the screw (arrow).
– Remove the spiked bumper.
3
176RA107 VA
176RA103 VA
1
– Back off the spindle (1) of service
tool AS 5910 007 2205 all the
way.
: Slip service tool AS (2) over the
two collar studs.
: Fit the hex nuts (3) (for sprocket
cover) and tighten them down by
hand.
176RA102 VA
176RA104 VA
: Turn the spindle (1) of the service
tool clockwise until the crankshaft
is pressed out of the ball bearing.
: Pull impulse hose off the nipple
(arrow).
– At the clutch side, take the
screws out of the annular buffers,
b 12.8
The two halves of the crankcase
separate during this process.
– Remove the service tool AS.
: Take out the screws (arrows) that
join the two halves of the
crankcase.
– Pull the heat reflecting foil off the
crankcase.
– At the flywheel side, take the
screw out of the lower annular
buffer, b 12.8
2
– Remove the crankcase from the
tank housing.
: At the chain tensioner side of the
crankcase, use a 5 mm drift (2) to
drive the dowel pin out of the two
halves of the crankcase.
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA108 VA
1
176RA106 VA
– Remove the oil seals, b 6.3
: Remove the gasket from the
crankcase.
37
1
1
1
– Unscrew the spindle of service
tool ZS (1) 5910 007 2220 a little
(left-hand thread).
Make sure the retaining ring at the
clutch side has been removed,
b 6.3
: Position the service tool ZS (1)
5910 007 2220 against the
starter side so that the number 12
on the plate is at the bottom.
: The crankshaft (1), connecting
rod (2) and needle bearing form
an inseparable unit. It must
always be replaced as a
complete unit.
176RA113 VA
2
176RA111 VA
176RA332 VA
2
: Use press arbor (1)
1118 893 7200 to press the ball
bearing out of the crankcase,
from the inside outwards.
– Inspect both halves of the
crankcase for cracks and replace
if necessary.
When fitting a replacement
crankshaft, always install new ball
bearings and oil seals..
The crankcase must be replaced as
a complete unit even if only one half
is damaged.
The cylinder flange faces up.
Check the condition of all other
parts, replace if necessary and
transfer to the new crankcase.
: Fit three M5x72 screws (arrows)
in the holes marked “12“ and
tighten them down against the
drilled plate.
If only the ball bearings are
replaced, all rubber and polymer
components, such as oil suction
hose, stop buffers and annular
buffers may be left in position.
If the crankcase has to be replaced,
all the components still fitted must
be removed and checked for
damage. This involves the following
operations:
– Remove the suction hose with
pickup body, b 11.1
: Turn spindle (1) counterclockwise until the crankshaft. is
pushed out of the ball bearing.
38
– Remove the chain tensioner,
b 5.5
176RA112 VA
1
176RA110 VA
1
: Use press arbor (1)
1120 893 7200 to press the ball
bearing out of the crankcase,
from the outside inwards.
– Unscrew the bar mounting studs,
b 5.6
– Remove the chain brake,
b 5.4.2
MS 460, MS 460 C
6.7.2
Installing the Crankshaft
2
1
176RA114 VA
3
: Remove the annular buffer (1) at
the flywheel side of the
crankcase.
: Unscrew the oil tank cap (2).
: Disconnect the tank cap cord (3)
and remove it together with the oil
tank cap.
If only the ball bearings have to be
replaced, make sure the annular/
stop buffers, the suction hose and
oil tank cap are removed before the
crankcase is heated.
If the original crankcase is used
again, remove all gasket residue
and clean the mating surfaces
thoroughly to guarantee a perfect
seal.
If a new crankcase is installed, the
following additional operations are
necessary:
176RA118 VA
New crankcases are supplied with
preassembled ball bearings and oil
seals.
It is necessary to stamp the
machine’s serial number on the
crankcase with 2.5 mm figure
stamps.
: The pin (arrow) must be in place.
Drive it into the crankcase if
necessary.
– Heat the area of the ball bearing
seat on the flywheel side of the
crankcase to about 150 °C
(302 °F).
– Install the chain brake,
b 5.4.3
– Fit the bar mounting studs, b 5.6
: Push the annular buffer (arrow)
out of the clutch side of the
crankcase.
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA119 VA
176RA115 VA
– Install the chain tensioner, b 5.5
: Place the ball bearing, open side
facing up, on the inside of the
crankcase and push it home by
hand as far as stop.
39
This operation must be carried out
very quickly because the bearing
absorbs heat immediately and
begins to expand.
1
: Fit the tank cap’s cord (1) in the
groove (2) and pull it forward.
1
176RA124 VA
176RA122 VA
2
: Place the ball bearing, with
shoulder (1), on the inside of the
crankcase and push it home by
hand against the oil pump.
This operation must be carried out
very quickly because the bearing
absorbs heat immediately and
begins to expand.
: If it is not possible to heat the
flywheel side of the crankcase,
use press arbor (1)
1118 893 7200 to press home the
ball bearing as far as stop.
176RA123 VA
176RA120 VA
1
: Place the oil pump in position.
– Insert screws and tighten them
down firmly, b 3.5
– Heat the area of the ball bearing
on the clutch side of the
crankcase to about 150 °C
(302 °F).
2
1
176RA121 VA
176RA125 VA
1
– Wait for crankcase to cool down.
: If it is not possible to heat the
clutch side of the crankcase, use
press arbor (1) 1118 893 7200 to
press home the ball bearing as
far as stop.
: Push the annular buffer home so
that its annular groove (1)
engages the housing rib (2).
40
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA131 VA
176RA126 VA
– Lubricate tapered stub of
crankshaft with oil.
: Hold the spindle steady and
rotate the service tool counterclockwise until the drilled plate
butts against the crankcase.
– Wait for crankcase to cool down.
: Push the stop buffer into the
guide so that its lugs are behind
the housing rib.
2
176RA127 VA
176RA129 VA
176RA132 VA
1
: Push the two annular buffers,
tapered end first, into position so
that their annular grooves (1)
engage the housing rib (2).
: Place tapered stub of crankshaft
in ball bearing at the flywheel side
of the crankcase.
: Turn the spindle clockwise until
the crankshaft locates against the
ball bearing.
The connecting rod must point
toward the cylinder flange while the
crankshaft is being installed.
: Install the suction hose, b 11.1
1
: Screw spindle of service tool ZS
(2) 5910 007 2200 fully home
and then screw the threaded
sleeve (1) 5910 893 2420 onto
the spindle.
MS 460, MS 460 C
1 2
176RA130 VA
176RA128 VA
2
: Screw threaded sleeve (1) to
thread (2) of crankshaft stub.
41
: To prevent the crankcase
and gasket twisting, fit M5x72
screws (arrows) in two crankcase
holes and tighten them down as
far as stop.
– Screw the spindle (left-hand
thread) fully into the service tool
AS 5910 890 2205.
176RA138 VA
176RA136 VA
176RA133 VA
: Hold the crankshaft steady,
release the spindle counterclockwise and then unscrew the
service tool, also counterclockwise.
– Push the threaded sleeve over
the crankshaft stub.
: Hold the crankshaft steady and
rotate the spindle counterclockwise to screw the threaded
sleeve onto the crankshaft.
– Release the crankshaft. Hold the
service tool steady and continue
turning the spindle until the tool
locates against the guide bar
mounting face.
176RA134 VA
– Fit the hex nut (for chain sprocket
cover) on the collar stud and
screw it down finger-tight.
– Lubricate straight stub of
crankshaft with oil.
: Fit crankshaft stub in the ball
bearing.
42
: Screw threaded sleeve (1)
5910 893 2409 of service tool AS
5910 890 2205 onto the spindle
as far as stop (left-hand thread).
145RA152 VA
176RA139
1
176RA137 VA
176RA135 VA
: Place new gasket on clutch side
of crankcase.
: Turn the spindle counterclockwise until the crankshaft locates
against the ball bearing.
– Unscrew the hex nut.
MS 460, MS 460 C
– Unscrew the spindle clockwise
and take away the service tool.
– Coat sealing lips of oil seals with
grease, b 16.
– Take out the two M5x72 screws.
– Apply thin coating of sealant,
b 16, to outside diameter of oil
seals.
1
176RA144 VA
– Slide the oil seal, open side
facing the crankcase, over the
ignition end of the crankshaft.
– Slide the oil seal, open side
facing the crankcase, over the
assembly sleeve.
: Use press sleeve (1)
1118 893 4602 to press home the
oil seal.
– Remove the assembly sleeve.
– Wait about one minute, then turn
the crankshaft several times.
: Use a 5 mm drift to drive home
the dowel pin from the sprocket
side.
176RA142 VA
176RA140 VA
1
: Use press sleeve (1)
1115 893 4600 to press home the
oil seal.
The press surface must be flat and
free from burrs.
: Fit the screws (arrows) and
tighten them down firmly in an
alternate pattern, b 3.5
Trim away any excess gasket
material in the area of the cylinder
mounting face.
MS 460, MS 460 C
: Fit the assembly sleeve (1)
1118 893 2401 over the clutch
end of the crankshaft.
176RA145 VA
176RA143 VA
176RA141 VA
1
: Use pliers 0811 611 8380 to fit
the retaining ring in groove on
crankshaft stub.
If the retaining ring is fatigued, fit a
new one.
43
6.8
Decompression Valve
– Stick the heat reflecting foil in
position, without creases, so that
it covers the housing wall at the
clutch side.
If the crankcase is new, perform the
following additional operations.
– Install the chain brake,
b 5.4.3
– Fit bar mounting studs, b 5.6
176RA147 VA
Troubleshooting on the ignition
system should always begin at the
spark plug, b 4.4
– Remove the shroud, b 6.4
: Remove the cover (1).
: Unscrew the decompression
valve (2).
Install in the reverse sequence.
– Fit the decompression valve and
tighten it down firmly, b 3.5
– Fit the cover (1).
– Fit the shroud, b 6.4
– Install chain tensioner, b 5.5
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
2
1
176RA148 VA
– Clean both halves of the
crankcase.
Ignition System
Exercise extreme caution when
troubleshooting or carrying out
maintenance and repair work on the
ignition system. The high voltages
that occur can cause serious or
even fatal accidents.
2
176RA146 VA
1
7.
The electronic (breakerless) ignition
system basically consists of an
ignition module (1) and flywheel (2).
44
MS 460, MS 460 C
7.1
Ignition Module
7.1.1
Ignition Timing
Ignition timing is fixed and cannot
be adjusted during repair or
servicing work
2
176RA149 VA
1
Since there is no mechanical wear
in these systems, ignition timing
cannot get out of adjustment as a
result of wear.
7.1.2
Removing and Installing
– Remove the shroud, b 6.4
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
The ignition module accommodates
all the components required to
control ignition timing. There are
two electrical connections on the
coil body:
: High voltage output (1) for
ignition lead
: Connector tag (2) for short
circuit wire
2
Testing in the workshop is limited to
a spark test.
A new ignition module must be
installed if no ignition spark is
obtained (after checking that wiring
and stop switch are in good
condition).
176RA152 VA
1
176RA153 VA
: Pull the short circuit wire (1) off
the connector tag on the ignition
module and out of the wire
retainer (2).
: Take out the screws (arrows).
– Remove the ignition module.
MS 460, MS 460 C
45
If the ignition lead or spark plug boot
is damage, install new parts,
b 7.2
176RA150 VA
176RA156 VA
1
: Slide the setting gauge (1)
1111 890 6400 between the arms
of the ignition module and the
raised edge of the flywheel.
: On machines with heated
handles, position the wire with
connector under the ignition
module and in the retainers
(arrows).
– Press the ignition module against
the setting gauge.
– Tighten down the screws firmly,
b 3.5
– If necessary, pry peg of the wire
retainer out of the ignition
module.
176RA155 VA
176RA154 VA
– Remove the setting gauge and
use a feeler gauge to check the
air gap. It should be 0.2 mm.
: Rotate the flywheel until the two
raised portions (arrow) are in line
with the ignition module.
– Reconnect the short circuit wire.
– Fit the shroud, b 6.4
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
: Remove the wire retainer.
– If necessary, install ignition lead,
b 7.2, before fitting wire retainer.
– Coat threads of screws with
Loctite 242, b 16, before
installing.
Secure ground wire under ignition
module’s right-hand mounting
screw.
46
MS 460, MS 460 C
7.1.3
Testing the Ignition
Module
To test the ignition module, use
either the ZAT 4 ignition system
tester 5910 850 4503 or the ZAT 3
ignition system tester
5910 850 4520.
If a spark is visible, the ignition
system is in order. If no spark is
visible in the window (2), check the
ignition system with the aid of the
troubleshooting chart, b 7.6
The ignition test refers only to a
spark test, not to ignition timing.
While using the ZAT 3, hold it only
by the handle (4) or position it in a
safe place. Keep fingers or other
parts of your body at least 1 cm
away from the spark window (3),
high voltage connection (2), ground
connection (5) and the ground
terminal (1).
3
Warning!
High voltage – risk of electrocution.
ZAT 3
2
3
2
208RA054 VA
1
208RA053 VA
1
5910 850 4520
Using the ZAT 4 ignition tester
5910 850 4503
Using the ZAT 3 ignition tester
5910 850 4520
– Before starting the test, install a
new spark plug in the cylinder
and tighten it down firmly,
b 3.5
It is necessary to use the ZAT 3
ignition tester 5910 850 4520 to test
the booster gap.
: Remove spark plug boot and
connect it to the input
terminal (1). Push the tester’s
output terminal (3) onto the spark
plug.
– Crank the engine quickly with the
rewind starter (min. 1,000 rpm)
and check spark in the tester’s
window (2).
– Before starting the test, install a
new spark plug in the cylinder
and tighten it down firmly, b 3.5
– Crank the engine quickly with the
rewind starter (min. 1,000 rpm)
and check sparkover in the
tester’s window (3).
Warning!
The engine may start and
accelerate during the test.
If a spark is visible, the ignition
system is in order.
If no spark is visible in the
window (3), check the ignition
system with the aid of the
troubleshooting chart, b 7.6
: Remove spark plug boot and
connect it to terminal (2).
: Attach ground terminal (1) to the
spark plug.
: Use adjusting knob (3) to set
spark gap to about 2 mm.
Warning!
The engine may start and
accelerate during the test.
MS 460, MS 460 C
47
7.2
Spark Plug Boot/
Ignition Lead
– Remove the ignition module,
b 7.1.2
: Use suitable pliers to pull the leg
spring out of the spark plug boot.
: Pull the grommet (1) off the high
voltage output (2).
– Unhook the leg spring from the
ignition lead.
: Unscrew the ignition lead (3) from
the contact pin and pull it out of
the high voltage output.
– Pull the boot off the ignition lead.
: Remove the grommet and
insulating tube (4) from the
ignition lead.
176RA160 VA
4
176RA159 VA
1
176RA157 VA
2 3
– Use a pointed tool to pierce the
center of the ignition lead’s
insulation, about 15 mm from the
end of the lead.
: Pinch the hook of the leg spring
into the center of the lead (arrow).
– Cut new ignition lead to a length
of 150 mm.
– Coat end of ignition lead (about
20 mm) with oil.
– Fit the spark plug boot over the
ignition lead.
: Pull the cover off the spark plug
boot.
176RA161 VA
176RA158 VA
– Use suitable pliers to grip the end
of the ignition lead inside the
spark plug boot and pull it out.
: Pull the lead back into the spark
plug boot so that the leg spring
locates properly inside it.
– Push the cover over the spark
plug boot.
48
MS 460, MS 460 C
7.3
7.3.1
Flywheel
Removing
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
176RA165 VA
176RA162 VA
– Use locking strip to block the
piston, b 5.3
: Use a pointed tool to pierce the
center of the other end of the
ignition lead which screws into
the module.
: Pull off the flywheel.
– Slip the insulating tube and
grommet over the ignition lead.
Inspect flywheel and magnet poles
for cracks or other damage. If you
find any damage, install a new
flywheel.
– Remove the puller from the
flywheel.
– Pack the high voltage output with
STIHL multipurpose grease,
b 16.
Do not use either graphite grease or
silicone insulating paste.
– Push the grommet over the high
voltage output.
– Install the ignition module,
b 7.1.2
176RA163 VA
– Screw the ignition lead into the
ignition module.
: Unscrew the flywheel nut (arrow).
176RA164 VA
1
: Screw puller (1) 1110 890 4500
into the flywheel.
: Screw home the thrust bolt until
the flywheel is released.
MS 460, MS 460 C
49
Installing
7.4
Stop Switch
7.5
Degrease crankshaft stub and bore
in flywheel hub with standard
solvent-based degreasant
containing no chlorinated or
halogenated hydrocarbons,
b 16.
Wiring Harness
2 1
176RA166 VA
1
2
176RA168 VA
7.3.2
– Remove the switch shaft,
b 10.1
– Remove the ignition module,
b 7.1
– Rotate the switch housing until
the switch actuator is exposed.
: On machines with heated
handles, pull pin connector (1)
out of the socket (2).
176RA169 VA
138RA101 VA
: Pull out the switch actuator (1)
and spring (2).
: Check that key (arrow) is properly
seated.
: Pull the grommet (arrow) out of
the tank housing and off the
wires.
– Fit the flywheel in position.
– Fit and tighten down the flywheel
nut firmly, b 3.5
50
176RA170 VA
176RA167 VA
Assemble all other parts in the
reverse sequence.
: Carefully push the switch
housing sideways and lift it away.
: Pull the wires sideways out of the
tank housing.
– When installing, push home the
switch actuator until it snaps into
position.
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
MS 460, MS 460 C
135RA111 VA
: Pull the grommet and wires
(arrow) out of the tank housing.
– Pull the wire out of the grommet.
If the spark plug and ignition lead
with spark plug boot are in order,
check the resistance of the short
circuit wire, ground wire and contact
spring.
: Separate pin and socket
connections of both wires and
pull off the insulating tube.
: Pull the short circuit wire (arrow)
off the tag on the ignition module.
2
– Connect the ohmmeter to ground
and the short circuit wire.
1
: On machines with carburetor
heating, push back the insulating
tubes and unplug the connectors
(1 + 2).
– Remove the interlock lever,
b 10.2
– Pull the insulating tube off the
connector of the wire between
the generator and handle heating
element.
3
– Set Master Control lever to “$“
176RA174 VA
176RA335 VA
2
1
: Pull the short circuit wire (1) and
ground wire (2) off the contact
springs.
: On machines with heated
handles, remove the heater
switch (3), b 14.2
– Remove the wiring harness.
Install in the reverse sequence.
– After fitting the wiring harness,
press the wires into their
retainers.
– Fit the grommets properly in the
openings in the tank housing.
MS 460, MS 460 C
Testing Wiring Harness
176RA173 VA
176RA171 VA
7.5.1
The resistance measured must be
about 0 Ohm. If it is much higher,
the reason is a break in the wire.
The wire or contact spring has to be
replaced.
– Set Master Control lever to “#“
The resistance measured must be
infinitely high. If not, fit a new short
circuit wire.
If no fault can be found, carry out
further checks:
– Examine flywheel for damage,
b 7.3
– Check air gap between flywheel
and ignition module,
b 7.3.2
It neither of these checks reveals a
fault, install a new ignition module,
b 7.1.2
51
7.6
Ignition System Troubleshooting
Engine does not run
Master Control lever
or separate stop switch
in position “#“?
Check the spark plug:
– Smeared with oil, black?
– Sooted?
– Electrode gap correct?
– Contacts shorted?
Clean the plug, reset
or replace
Check spark plug boot:
– Firmly seated on plug (leg spring)?
– Leg spring hook in center of ignition lead?
– Boot damaged?
If necessary, install new spark plug boot
and/or leg spring
Test ignition system with
ZAT 3 or ZAT 4
(use ZAT 3 as main spark gap
– see TI 32.94)
1
52
MS 460, MS 460 C
1
Powerful
spark?
yes
no
Check air gap
and reset if necessary
Check flywheel:
Have pole shoes turned blue?
Install new flywheel
Disconnect short circuit wire from
ignition module
Check ignition lead:
– Severe chafing?
– Spark plug boot: Holes/cracks?
– Resistance: spark plug boot to ground:
spec. 1.5 – 12kW
– Check resistance of ignition lead:
spec. < 10 W,
If necessary, install new spark plug boot
and/or ignition lead
2
MS 460, MS 460 C
3
53
2
3
Check operation of
Master Control lever
or separate stop switch
– Short circuit wire chafed?
– Contact gap (contact springs)
If necessary, install new ignition lead
and/or contact springs
Re-connect short circuit wire
Powerful
spark?
yes
no
Install new
ignition module
yes
Check #/$ function
on Master Control lever
or separate
stop switch
54
Engine
runs
no
Look for fault in fuel system
or carburetor,
check engine for leaks,
check position of flywheel on
crankshaft
MS 460, MS 460 C
Carefully pull out the starter rope
several times and allow it to rewind
until its normal smooth action is
restored.
If clogged with dirt or pitch, the
entire starter mechanism, including
the rewind spring, must be removed
and disassembled. Take particular
care when removing the spring.
Removing and Installing
8.3
Pawls
1
176RA176 VA
If the action of the starter rope
becomes very stiff and the rope
rewinds very slowly or not
completely, it can be assumed that
the starter mechanism is in order
but plugged with dirt. At very low
outside temperatures the lubricating
oil on the rewind spring may thicken
and cause the spring windings to
stick together. This has a
detrimental effect on the function of
the starter mechanism. In such a
case it is sufficient to apply a few
drops of a standard solvent-based
degreasant (containing no
chlorinated or halogenated
hydrocarbons) to the rewind spring.
8.2
– Remove the screws (arrows)
from the fan housing.
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter.
: Carefully ease the spring (1) off
the starter post.
Install in the reverse sequence.
The hand guard is secured to the
fan housing and crankcase with the
IS-M5x35 screw.
– Tighten down the screws firmly,
b 3.5
1
2
176RA175 VA
Rewind Starter
General
176RA151 VA
8.
8.1
Clean all components, b 16.
Before installing, lubricate the
rewind spring and starter post with
STIHL special lubricant, b 16.
– Pull the pawls (1 + 2) out of the
rope rotor.
– Lubricate pegs of new pawls with
grease, b 16.
Install in the reverse sequence.
MS 460, MS 460 C
55
8.4
Rope Rotor
8.5
Starter Rope
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
Relieving tension of rewind
spring
1
176RA177 VA
– Pull out the starter rope about
5 cm and hold the rope rotor
steady.
– While still holding the rope rotor
steady, take three full turns off the
rope rotor.
– Pull out the rope with the starter
grip and slowly release the rope
rotor.
The system will not be under
tension if either the starter rope or
rewind spring is broken.
: Remove the washer (1) from the
starter post.
– Remove the pawls.
– Carefully pull the rope rotor off
the starter post.
– Remove the starter rope from the
rotor, b 8.4
– Install a new starter rope, b 8.5
176RA183 VA
– Tension the rewind spring,
b 8.5.1
Install in the reverse sequence.
: Pry nipple of starter rope out of
the starter grip.
– Remove remaining rope from
starter grip.
: Use a screwdriver or pliers to
carefully remove the spring (1)
from the starter post.
56
176RA184 VA
176RA176 VA
1
: Thread the new starter rope
through the top of the starter grip.
: Remove the rope rotor, b 8.4
MS 460, MS 460 C
8.5.1
Tensioning
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
176RA193 VA
176RA190 VA
– Relieve tension of rewind spring,
b 8.4
: Thread the other end of the rope,
from outside, through the guide
bushing in the fan housing.
: Hold the rope rotor steady.
: Pull out the rope with the starter
grip and straighten it out.
– Hold the starter grip firmly to keep
the rope tensioned.
: Thread end of rope through hole
in the side of the rotor, pull it out.
176RA191 VA
176RA178 VA
– Let go of the rope rotor and
slowly release the starter rope so
that it can rewind properly.
: Make a loop in the starter rope.
– Secure the rope with a simple
overhand knot and pull it back.
: Press knot into recess (arrow).
– Tension the rewind spring,
b 8.5.1
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA192 VA
176RA179 VA
– Install the rope rotor, b 8.4
: Grip the rope next to the rotor and
use it to turn the rope rotor six
times clockwise.
57
8.6
Starter Rope Guide
Bushing
1
– Remove the rope rotor, b 8.4
: Insert the screw spindle (1) of the
installing tool 0000 890 2201
through the bushing from inside
the fan housing.
The rewind spring is correctly
tensioned when the starter grip sits
firmly in the rope guide bushing
(arrow) without drooping to one
side. If this is not the case, tension
the spring by one additional turn.
When the starter rope is fully
extended, it must still be possible to
rotate the rope rotor at least another
half turn before maximum spring
tension is reached. If this is not the
case, pull the rope out, hold the
rope rotor steady and take off one
turn of the rope.
176RA187 VA
2 1
Do not overtension the rewind
spring as this will cause it to
break.
– Fit the fan housing with rewind
starter, b 8.2
1
: Pull knot (1) out of recess (2) in
rope rotor.
– Fit the thrust sleeve (1), tapered
end first, and the hex nut.
– Undo the knot.
: Tighten down the hex nut until the
bushing is firmly seated.
: Pull the starter rope out of the
rotor and guide bushing.
– Use a suitable tool to pry the
damaged bushing out of the fan
housing.
Installing the rope guide bushing
– Place the new bushing in its seat
in the fan housing/starter cover.
58
176RA188 VA
– Remove the fan housing with
rewind starter, b 8.2
176RA189 VA
176RA194 VA
Wear on the guide bushing is
accelerated by the starter rope
being pulled sideways. The wall of
the bushing eventually wears
through and the bushing becomes
loose.
The installing tool flares the lower
end of the rope bushing.
– Remove the installing tool.
– Fit the starter rope, b 8.5
– Install all other parts in the
reverse sequence.
MS 460, MS 460 C
8.7
Replacing Rewind Spring
Troubleshooting, b 4.2
The replacement spring comes
ready for installation and is secured
in a frame.
Wear a face shield and work gloves.
– Remove the rope rotor, b 8.4
Installing
– Lubricate the spring with a few
drops of STIHL special lubricant
before installation, b 16.
– Position replacement spring with
frame (1) in the fan housing.
138RA108 VA
The anchor loop must be above the
lug in the fan housing.
: Use suitable pliers to grip the
spring’s anchor loop and lift it up.
: Position suitable tools on the
recesses (arrows) and push the
spring into its seat in the fan
housing.
If the rewind spring pops out during
installation, fit it in the installing tool
1116 893 4800 as follows:
138RA110 VA
146RA196 VA
Removing
: Fit the rewind spring in the spring
housing in the counterclockwise
direction, starting from outside
and working inwards.
– Place the spring housing in the
fan housing.
– Press the anchor loop into the
recess in the fan housing at the
same time.
– Remove tools.
– Install the rope rotor, b 8.4
– Tension the rewind spring,
b 8.5.1
– Take the rewind spring out of the
fan housing.
138RA109 VA
– Remove any remaining pieces of
spring from the fan housing.
: Position the anchor loop about
25 mm from the edge of the
spring housing.
MS 460, MS 460 C
59
9.
AV Handle System
The handle housing and crankcase
are connected by vibration damping
rubber buffers. Damaged rubber
buffers (annular buffers) must
always be replaced.
2
– Remove the shroud, b 6.4
: Pry the annular buffers (arrows)
out of the crankcase.
4
1
2
1
176RA199 VA
176RA196 VA
– Remove the air filter, b 12.2.1
: At the clutch side, push the
annular buffer home from the
outside so that its groove (1)
engages the housing rib (2).
2
: Take out the screw (1).
: Remove the sleeve (2).
: Push the stop buffer out of its
seat and take it away.
176RA200 VA
176RA197 VA
3
176RA195 VA
1
: At the starter side, push the
annular buffer home from outside
so that its groove (1) engages the
housing rib (2).
: Take out the screws (3).
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
: Remove the annular buffer (4).
1
2
176RA198 VA
Remove the tank housing for
access to the other rubber buffers,
b 12.8
: Push the stop buffer into the
guide so that the groove (1)
engages the housing rib (2).
60
MS 460, MS 460 C
10.
Master Control/
Handle System
Switch Shaft
10.1
O
2
I
176RA201 VA
3
4
The Master Control lever moves the
switch shaft to select the required
function.
: Take out the switch shaft
mounting screw (arrow).
176RA205 VA
1
176RA203 VA
STOP
Machines with heated handles
: Remove the switch shaft from
under the wire to the rear handle
heating element.
The following positions can be
selected with the Master Control
lever:
Install in the reverse sequence.
“STOP“ (1) closes short circuit
contact, interrupts ignition
2
“RUN“ (2) is the normal operating
position
“START“ (3) is the starting throttle
position / choke shutter open (warm
start)
“CHOKE“ (4) is the starting throttle
position / choke shutter closed (cold
start)
– Disconnect throttle rod from
carburetor, b 12.2.1
176RA204 VA
1
: Carefully ease the switch shaft
out of its left-hand mount (1) and
then pull the switch housing (2)
out of the right-hand mount.
1
: Disconnect short circuit wire (1)
and ground wire (2) from the
contact springs.
176RA206 VA
176RA202 VA
2
: Slide the switch housing into its
guide before fitting the switch
shaft in its pivot mount.
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
MS 460, MS 460 C
61
Throttle Trigger/Interlock
Lever
– Remove the filter base, b 12.1
: Remove the screw (arrow) from
the underside of the rear handle.
2
1
: Use a 5 mm drift to drive out the
dowel pin (1).
: Take out the throttle trigger (2)
with torsion spring (3).
– Remove the handle molding
upwards.
176RA217 VA
176RA212 VA
3
176RA215 VA
10.2
Machines with heated handles
: The wires from the heating
element must be under the
interlock lever (arrow) and locate
in the channel.
: Remove the torsion spring from
the throttle trigger.
– Move Master Control lever to
“RUN” position.
: Pull the throttle rod out of the
throttle trigger.
62
2
: Press the interlock lever (1)
down.
The torsion spring must be fitted
under the interlock lever and locate
in the notch (arrow).
176RA219 VA
138RA128 VA
: Pull the throttle trigger (2) up and
move the Master Control lever (3)
to “CHOKE“ position.
138RA122 VA
: Take out the interlock lever.
3
176RA218 VA
176RA216 VA
176RA213 VA
1
: Fit the handle molding, making
sure it engages behind the lugs
as shown.
MS 460, MS 460 C
Chain Lubrication
Pickup Body/Suction
Hose
Impurities gradually clog the fine
pores of the filter with minute
particles of dirt. This prevents the oil
pump from supplying sufficient oil to
the bar and chain. In the event of
problems with the oil supply system,
first check the oil tank and the
pickup body. Clean the oil tank if
necessary.
Troubleshooting – b 4.3
: Pull the pickup body out of the
suction hose.
Machines with heated handles
: Wires must locate in slot in
handle molding.
: Fit the filter base, b 12.1
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
176RA233 VA
176RA220 VA
11.
11.1
Pickup body
– Fit a new pickup body.
: Drain the oil tank.
– Flush out the oil tank.
Collect chain oil in a clean container
or dispose of it properly at an
approved disposal site.
Install in the reverse sequence.
Suction hose
– Remove the oil pump, b 11.3.1
– Grip the tab on the suction hose
with pliers and pull the grommet
out of the bore.
176RA232 VA
176RA234 VA
1
: Use hook (1) 5910 893 8800 to
pull the pickup body out of the oil
tank.
: Pull the suction hose with pickup
body out of the crankcase.
Do not stretch the oil hose during
this operation.
MS 460, MS 460 C
63
11.2
Valve
11.2.1 Cleaning
11.2.2 Replacing
A valve is installed in the tank wall to
keep internal tank pressure equal to
atmospheric pressure.
– Remove the oil tank cap.
2
: Pull the pickup body (1) off the
suction hose (2).
176RA242 VA
1
176RA235 VA
– Drain the oil tank.
Note:
Collect chain oil in a clean container
or dispose of it properly at an
approved disposal site.
– Unscrew the oil tank cap.
– Remove the inner side plate,
b 5.4.2
Install in the reverse sequence.
– Remove the inner side plate,
b 5.4.2
: Use a 5 mm drift to carefully drive
the valve out of the crankcase
from inside the oil tank.
: Insert the suction hose in the
crankcase.
175RA021 VA
176RA236 VA
1
: Blow the valve (1) clear with
compressed air (from outside to
inside of tank).
– Lubricate grommet with a little oil.
: Use a blunt tool to push the
suction hose into the crankcase
so that the tab locates in its seat
at the bottom right (arrow).
– Flush out the oil tank.
– Fit the inner side plate,
b 5.4.2
a
176RA243 VA
– Fit the oil tank cap.
: Use a 7 mm drift to carefully
press home the new valve from
outside until it is about 1 mm
below the housing face (’a’ in
illustration).
Reassemble all other parts in the
reverse sequence.
64
MS 460, MS 460 C
11.3.2 Servicing
– Remove the clutch, b 5.3
: Pull the worm with drive spring
(arrow) out of the oil pump and off
the crankshaft stub.
176RA247 VA
176RA244 VA
5
: Take the sealing ring (arrow) out
of the housing bore.
Install in the reverse sequence.
– Lubricate the worm with grease
before installing, b 16.
4
1
767
176RA248 VA
11.3
Oil Pump
11.3.1 Removing and Installing
3 2
Check the suction hose and pickup
body before disassembling the oil
pump.
– Remove the oil pump, b 11.3.1
: Use a 2 mm drift to drive out the
spring pin (1).
: Pull out the control bolt (2).
: Remove the O-rings (3).
176RA245 VA
: Pry out the plug (4).
: If necessary, take the drive spring
off the worm.
: Remove the pump piston (5) with
spring (6) and washers (7).
– Clean all parts and examine for
serviceability, b 16.
Install in the reverse sequence.
Always install new O-rings.
176RA246 VA
– Lubricate the pump piston and
worm with grease before
installing, b 16.
: Take out the screws (arrows).
– Pull the oil pump out of its seat.
MS 460, MS 460 C
65
12.
12.1
Fuel System
Air Filter
Dirty air filters reduce engine power,
increase fuel consumption and
make starting more difficult.
The air filter should be cleaned
when there is a noticeable loss of
engine power.
1
: Remove the air filter.
: Unscrew the collar nuts (1).
– Wash the air filter thoroughly in a
fresh, non-flammable cleaning
solution and blow out with
compressed air. Replace if
damaged.
: Pull off the flange (2).
176RA253 VA
176RA251 VA
2
1
176RA254 VA
176RA249 VA
2
: Unscrew the twist lock (1).
: Remove the filter base (arrow).
: Remove the carburetor box
cover (2).
– Wash the filter mesh in the filter
base thoroughly in a fresh, nonflammable cleaning solution and
blow out with compressed air.
If filter mesh is damaged, install a
new filter base.
1
: Pull off the air baffle (1) to the
rear.
66
176RA252 VA
176RA250 VA
Install in the reverse sequence.
: Pull off the baffle in the direction
of the arrow.
MS 460, MS 460 C
12.2
Carburetor
12.2.1 Removing and Installing
– Remove the filter base, b 12.1
: Pull the grommet off the adjusting
screws and out of the housing.
: Remove the baffle plate with
grommet and throttle rod.
176RA261 VA
176RA258 VA
176RA255 VA
2
1
: Before fitting the carburetor,
check that the sleeve (1) and
washer (2) are in place.
Machines with carburetor heating
– Open the throttle wide.
: Disconnect the throttle rod from
the throttle trigger.
: Pull the heating element off the
studs.
176RA262 VA
176RA259 VA
176RA256 VA
2
1
: When pushing the carburetor into
position, check that the impulse
hose (1) and fuel hose (2) are
correctly seated.
– Separate pin and socket
connection for thermostatic
switch,
b 13.3
: Disconnect the throttle rod from
the throttle shaft.
: Pull off the carburetor.
Reassemble in the reverse
sequence.
MS 460, MS 460 C
176RA263 VA
176RA260 VA
176RA257 VA
2
1
: Fit the grommet so that the
rubber tabs (1) locate between
the housing rib (2).
67
12.2.2 Leakage Test
12.3
Servicing the Carburetor
12.3.1 Metering Diaphragm
In the case of problems with the
carburetor or fuel supply system,
also check and clean, b 12.5
3
2
1
: Push the nipple into the pressure
hose of tester 1106 850 2905.
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
: Close the vent screw (1) on the
rubber bulb (2) and pump air into
the carburetor until the pressure
gauge (3) shows a reading of
approx. 0.8 bar (80 kPa).
: Take out the screws (arrows).
If this pressure remains constant,
the carburetor is airtight. However, if
it drops, there are two possible
causes:
143RA172 VA
2
1
: Push the fuel line (1)
1110 141 8600 onto the
nipple (2) 0000 855 9200.
176RA270 VA
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
176RA265 VA
The carburetor can be tested for
leaks with the carburetor and
crankcase tester 1106 850 2905.
– Remove the end cover.
– Carefully remove the gasket and
pump diaphragm from the end
cover.
1. The inlet needle is not sealing
(foreign matter in valve seat or
sealing cone of inlet needle is
damaged or inlet control lever
sticking). Remove to clean,
b 12.3.2
2. Metering diaphragm damaged,
replace if necessary, b 12.3.1
– After completing the test, open
the vent screw (1) and pull the
fuel line off the carburetor.
– Push the fuel hose onto the
elbow connector.
– Install the carburetor, b 12.2.1
: Push the fuel line with nipple onto
the carburetor’s elbow connector.
176RA272 VA
176RA264 VA
Reassemble all other parts in the
reverse sequence.
: Carefully separate the diaphragm
and gasket.
– Inspect diaphragm for damage
and wear and replace if
necessary.
68
MS 460, MS 460 C
12.3.2 Inlet Needle
The diaphragm material as well as
the inlet and outlet valves are
subjected to continuous alternating
stresses and eventually show signs
of fatigue, i.e. the diaphragm
distorts and swells and has to be
replaced.
4
3
Install in the reverse sequence.
176RA280 VA
176RA278 VA
1
2
: Fit the inlet needle (1).
– Remove the metering
diaphragm, b 12.3.1
: Fit spring (2) in bore.
: Take out the screw (arrow).
: Insert spindle (3) in the inlet
control lever (4).
– Remove the inlet control lever
with spindle.
– Engage clevis in annular groove
on head of the inlet needle.
There is a small spring under the
inlet control lever which may pop
out during disassembly.
– Press the inlet control lever down
and secure it with the screw.
– Take out the inlet needle.
175RA028 VA
Make sure the helical spring locates
on the control lever’s nipple.
– Check that inlet control lever
moves freely.
The upper face of the inlet control
lever must be flush with the top of
the carburetor body.
: Place the gasket on the
carburetor body.
The gasket and metering
diaphragm are held in position by
integrally cast pegs.
– Install the metering diaphragm,
b 12.3.1
176RA275 VA
176RA279 VA
1
: Fit the metering diaphragm so
that the perforated plate (1) faces
the inlet control lever (2).
: If there is an annular indentation
on the sealing cone of the inlet
needle, fit a new inlet needle.
2
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
MS 460, MS 460 C
69
12.3.3 Fixed Jet
12.3.4 Pump Diaphragm
The diaphragm material as well as
the inlet and outlet valves are
subjected to continuous alternating
stresses and eventually show signs
of fatigue, i.e. the diaphragm
distorts and swells and has to be
replaced.
– Remove the metering
diaphragm, b 12.3.1
: Use a suitable screwdriver to
unscrew the fixed jet (1).
176RA266 VA
176RA288 VA
1
: Take out the screw (arrow).
– Remove the end cover.
Take care not to damage the fixed
jet with the screwdriver.
1 2
175RA032 VA
1
176RA267 VA
Install in the reverse sequence.
: Remove the gasket (1) and pump
diaphragm (2) from the end cover
or carburetor body.
: Check fuel strainer (1) for
contamination and damage. If
necessary, use a needle to take it
out of the carburetor and clean or
replace.
3
70
2
176RA269 VA
176RA268 VA
1
: Carefully separate the diaphragm
and gasket.
: Place the gasket (1) on the end
cover (2).
– Inspect diaphragm for damage
and wear, fit a new gasket.
: Wet the pump diaphragm (3) with
fuel and place it on the gasket.
MS 460, MS 460 C
12.4
– Place the end cover on the
carburetor body.
Adjusting (Carburetor
without Limiter Cap)
1 2
176RA281 VA
– Fit the screw and tighten it down
firmly.
Standard setting
(without tachometer)
To readjust the carburetor, start with
the standard setting.
– Carefully screw down both
adjusting screws (H and L) until
they are against their seats.
Then make the following
adjustments:
– Open high speed screw (H)
one full turn.
– Open low speed screw (L)
one full turn.
If no tachometer is available, do not
turn the high speed screw (H)
beyond the standard setting to
make the mixture leaner.
Standard setting
(with tachometer)
– Check the air filter and clean or
replace as necessary.
– Check and clean or replace spark
arresting screen (if fitted).
– Check chain tension.
176RA295 VA
The pump diaphragm, gasket and
end cover are held in position by
integrally cast pegs.
Adjusting idle speed
– Adjust idle speed with a
tachometer. Adjust specified
engine speeds within tolerance
of +/- 200 rpm.
1. Adjust engine speed with idle
speed screw (LA) to 3,300 rpm.
2. Turn low speed screw (L)
clockwise or counterclockwise
to obtain maximum engine
speed.
If this speed is higher than
3,700 rpm, abort the procedure and
start again with step 1.
3. Use the idle speed screw (LA)
to set engine speed again to
3,300 rpm.
4. Set the engine speed to
2,500 rpm with the low speed
screw (L).
Starting from the standard setting,
use the high speed screw (H) to
adjust the maximum engine speed
to 13,500 rpm.
If the setting is too lean there is a
risk of engine damage due to
insufficient lubrication and
overheating.
– Warm up the engine.
– Adjust idle speed.
MS 460, MS 460 C
71
12.4.1 Adjusting (Carburetor
with Limiter Cap)
Adjusting idle speed
1 2
– Check the air filter and clean or
replace as necessary.
176RA281 VA
– Check and clean or replace spark
arresting screen (if fitted).
Standard setting
Do not remove the limiter cap to
carry out the standard setting.
– With this carburetor it is only
possible to correct the setting of
the high speed screw (H) and low
speed screw (L) within fine limits.
Make the following adjustments:
12.4.2 Basic Setting (
Carburetor with
Limiter Caps)
The limiter caps need to be
removed from adjusting screws only
if it is necessary to replace the high
speed screw (H) or low speed screw
(L) or clean the carburetor.
Carry out the two following steps:
– Check chain tension.
– Warm up the engine.
– Adjust idle speed with a
tachometer. Adjust specified
engine speeds within tolerance of
+/- 200 rpm.
1. Adjust engine speed with idle
speed screw (LA) to 3,300 rpm.
2. Turn low speed screw (L)
clockwise or counterclockwise
to obtain maximum engine
speed.
clockwise (max. 3/4 turn) as far as
stop.
– Screw low speed screw (L) down
onto its seat clockwise, then open
it 1/4 turn from that position.
If this speed is higher than
3,700 rpm, abort the procedure and
start again with step 1.
3. Use the idle speed screw (LA)
to set engine speed again to
3,300 rpm.
4. Set the engine speed to
2,500 rpm with the low speed
screw (L).
72
176RA326 VA
– Turn high speed screw (H) counter-
: Turn the limiter caps (arrows)
counterclockwise as far as stop
so that the lugs can be seen in
the carburetor openings.
MS 460, MS 460 C
12.5
Adjust engine idle speed with a
tachometer. Adjust specified engine
speeds to within a tolerance of +/200 rpm.
: Insert puller 5910 890 4500 in
center of limiter caps, apply slight
pressure and screw home
counterclockwise until the limiter
caps come out of the carburetor
body.
After removing the limiter caps, first
carry out the basic setting.
Make the following adjustments:
– Open the high speed screw (H) one
full turn.
– Open the low speed screw (L)
one full turn.
– Set the engine speed to
2,500 rpm with the low speed
screw (L).
– If no tachometer is available,
mount the limiter caps, see step 6
2. Turn low speed screw (L)
clockwise or counterclockwise
to obtain maximum engine
speed.
If this speed is higher than
3,700 rpm, abort the procedure and
start again with step 1.
Correct operation of the carburetor
is only possible if atmospheric
pressure and internal fuel tank
pressure are equal at all times. This
is ensured by the tank vent.
In the event of trouble with the
carburetor or the fuel supply
system, always check and clean the
tank vent.
Check function by performing
vacuum test on the tank via the fuel
hose.
3. Use the idle speed screw (LA)
to set engine speed again to
3,300 rpm.
4. Set the engine speed to
2,500 rpm with the low speed
screw (L).
1
5. Set engine’s maximum speed
to 13,500 rpm with the high speed
screw (H)
6. Install new limiter caps, noting
that the stop lugs on the limiter
caps must line up with the
openings in the carburetor.
Always install a new limiter cap.
Limiter caps that have been
removed once may be damaged
and must not be re-used.
176RA294 VA
176RA327 VA
1. Adjust engine speed with idle
speed screw (LA) to 3,300 rpm.
Tank Vent
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
: Connect vacuum pump
0000 850 3501 (1) to fuel hose
and generate vacuum in fuel
tank.
Fine tuning
– Check the air filter and clean or
replace as necessary.
– Check and clean or replace spark
arresting screen (if fitted).
– Check chain tension.
– Warm up the engine.
MS 460, MS 460 C
73
176RA290 VA
1
Pickup Body
The diaphragm pump draws fuel out
of the tank and into the carburetor
via the fuel hose. Any impurities
mixed with the fuel are retained by
the pickup body (filter). The fine
pores of the filter eventually become
clogged with minute particles of dirt.
This restricts the passage of fuel
and results in fuel starvation.
: Equalization of pressure takes
place via the tank vent valve (1).
There must be no build-up of
vacuum in the tank. In the event
of a malfunction, use a
screwdriver to pry out the tank
vent valve and install a new one
with a new O-ring.
176RA297 VA
12.6
1
Pickup Body
: Use hook (1) 5910 893 8800 to
pull the pickup body out of the
fuel tank.
Do not overstretch the suction hose.
176RA296 VA
1
In the event of trouble with the fuel
supply system, always check the
fuel tank and the pickup body first.
Clean the fuel tank if necessary.
Cleaning the fuel tank
: Remove the fuel tank cap (1) and
drain the tank.
176RA298 VA
– Pour a small amount of clean
gasoline into the tank. Close the
tank and shake the machine
vigorously.
– Open the tank again and drain it.
Dispose of fuel properly in
accordance with environmental
requirements.
: Pull the pickup body off the
suction hose.
– Fit a new pickup body.
Install in the reverse sequence.
74
MS 460, MS 460 C
12.7
Fuel Hose
12.8
Tank Housing
– Drain the fuel tank.
– Drain the oil tank.
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
176RA301 VA
176RA299 VA
1
Collect fuel in a clean container or
dispose of it properly at an
approved disposal site.
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
: Pull out the fuel hose.
– Pull off the pickup body, b 12.6
: Pull the fuel hose out of the
retainer in the tank housing.
Install in the reverse sequence.
– Coat the hose flange with a little
oil.
: Straight side (1) of flange must
locate against the tank housing.
: Take the sleeve (1) out of the
manifold, and pull the washer (2)
off the studs.
176RA303 VA
: Pry fuel hose flange out of the
fuel tank.
176RA302 VA
176RA300 VA
2
1
: Remove the mounting screws
from the side of the front handle.
Heat the screwed joints. Do not
overheat polymer.
MS 460, MS 460 C
75
: Ease the plug (arrow) out of the
annular buffer at the starter side.
176RA308 VA
176RA305 VA
138RA207 VA
: Remove front handle mounting
screws from underside of
machine.
: Take out the annular buffer
mounting screws (arrows).
– Remove the front handle.
On machines heated handles,
disconnect the heating element,
b 14.4
– Disconnect connector between
generator and rear handle
heating element, b 7.5
176RA309 VA
– On machines heated handles,
remove the heater switch, b
14.2
176RA306 VA
– On machines with carburetor
heating, disconnect connector of
wire to heating element, b 7.5
: Take the screw (arrow) out of the
buffer.
: Pull the tank housing forward and
push the manifold flange out of
the tank housing at the same
time.
– Remove the inner side plate,
b 5.4.2
: Disconnect short circuit wire (1)
and ground wire (2) from the
contact springs.
76
– Remove the chain catcher,
b 5.2
176RA102 VA
176RA307 VA
176RA304 VA
1
2
: Pull the impulse hose off the
nipple.
: Take the plugs (arrows) out of the
annular buffers at the clutch side.
MS 460, MS 460 C
– An M6x18 screw must then be
used in place of the original selfthreading screw.
a
– Turn the tank housing to one
side.
176RA334 VA
176RA101 VA
b
Install in the reverse sequence.
If a screw thread is stripped in one
of the mounting holes for special
self-threading screws, the tank
housing can be repaired by
installing a thread insert.
: Pry the grommet out of the
housing and pull out the wiring
harness.
: Drill out stripped thread to a
diameter of ’a’ = Ø 8.5 mm and a
depth of ’b’ = 15 mm.
Caution!
Do not exceed the specified hole
depth of 15 mm.
176RA088 VA
176RA310 VA
1
: Remove the rings (arrows) from
the tank housing.
– To pull the manifold flange
through the intake opening in the
tank housing, wind a piece of
string (1) (about 15 cm long)
around the back of the flange.
– To replace the impulse hose,
remove the fuel hose, switch
shaft, throttle trigger and tank
vent.
– Pass the ends of the string
through the intake opening.
176RA312 VA
: Press the manifold down.
: Fit an M6x10 screw with washer
in the thread insert.
– Screw the thread insert into the
tank housing.
MS 460, MS 460 C
77
13.
Carburetor Heating
System
Current is supplied via wires to the
heating element installed between
the baffle plate and carburetor.
176RA089 VA
176RA313 VA
Carburetor heating is controlled by
a thermostatic switch on the heating
element.
: Pull the ends of string outwards.
: All wires must be properly located
in their retainers (arrows).
The carburetor heating system
should be checked if running
problems occur when the cold
engine is idling or running at part
load, particularly at temperatures
below freezing.
The manifold flange is thus pulled
through the tank housing intake
opening without damaging the
manifold.
– Coat threads of front handle
mounting screws with Loctite,
b 16.
Idling problems with a hot engine
are also an indication of a fault in the
carburetor heating system.
– Check that flange is properly
seated in the tank housing.
– Tighten down the screws firmly,
b 3.5
Install all other parts in the reverse
sequence.
176RA066 VA
2
1
: Fit the sleeve (1) in the manifold.
: Push the washer (2) over the
studs.
78
MS 460, MS 460 C
13.1
Testing
Complete system
At temperatures above + 20 °C
(68 °F), the ohmmeter must indicate
an infinitely high value in measuring
range “W“.
0
50
10
3
30
20
10
5
20
5 10
0
If the temperature is lower than
+ 13 °C (55 °F), the thermostatic
switch may close and produce false
readings.
1
176RA315 VA
The generator and heating element
are checked in the following test
which should be performed at an
ambient temperature of at least
+ 20 °C (68 °F).
Cool the switch down to below
+ 6 °C (42 °F). The ohmmeter must
indicate a value of about 0.5 W in
measuring range “W“. If a higher
value is indicated, install a new
thermostatic switch.
Heating element
Test the thermostatic switch
separately.
– Disconnect pin and socket
connector to heating element.
: Clip one test lead to the metal of
the heating element, and the
other test lead to the wire that
goes to the heating element.
0
50
10
30
20
20
5 10
1
10
5
0
3
176RA314 VA
– If the heating element is in good
condition the ohmmeter will show
a reading of about 8 W in
measuring range “W“.
If the reading obtained is outside
this tolerance, install a new heating
element.
– Remove the filter base, b 12.1
Thermostatic switch
– Set the ohmmeter to measuring
range “W“.
– Disconnect pin and socket
connector to thermostatic switch.
: Clip one of the two test leads to
the carburetor body and the other
to a cylinder fin (ground).
If the reading obtained is outside
this tolerance, test each component
separately.
0
50
10
1
30
20
20
5 10
10
5
0
3
176RA316 VA
– If the system is in good condition
the ohmmeter will indicate about
8 W in measuring range "W".
: Clip one test lead to the metal of
the heating element, and the
other test lead to the wire that
goes to the thermostatic switch.
MS 460, MS 460 C
79
13.2
Troubleshooting Chart
Measure resistance of
heating element at
temperature = +20 °C (68 °F)
Resistance
approx. 8 Ohm?
no
Replace heating
element
no
Replace thermostatic
switch
no
Replace thermostatic
switch
yes
Check thermostatic
switchn
Does thermostatic switch
close between + 13 °C (55 °F)
and + 6 °C (43 °F)?
yes
Does thermostatic switch
open between + 6 °C (43 °F)
and + 13 °C (55 °F)?
yes
Carburetor heating system
in order
80
MS 460, MS 460 C
Heating Element with
Thermostatic Switch
14.
14.1
The entire handle heating system is
maintenance-free and subject to
practically no wear. Faults in the
generator, heating elements and
wiring are generally caused by
mechanical damage.
176RA335 VA
2
1
Handle Heating System
Troubleshooting
– Remove the heating element,
b 12.2.1
: Disconnect the pin and socket
connectors (1 + 2) of both wires.
There are two reasons for failures in
the heating system:
1. A break in the circuit due to a
faulty wire or component.
176RA209 VA
13.3
: Separate the pin and socket
connector.
2. A short circuit resulting from
damage to the insulation.
Do not bend or twist the pin and
socket connectors during removal
or installation.
176RA338 VA
After fitting the baffle plate, position
the pin and socket connector so that
it is straight.
176RA210 VA
Reassemble in the reverse
sequence.
The heating element in the rear
handle may overheat and fail if it is
not bonded firmly in position, i.e.
completely flat (no creases).
: Set the heater switch (arrow)
to “#“
– Set the ohmmeter to “W“.
176RA208 VA
Tracing the
cause of a fault
– Remove the interlock lever,
b 10.2
: Push back the insulating tube
(arrow) on the pin and socket
connector of the wire between
the generator and rear handle
heating element.
MS 460, MS 460 C
81
176RA211 VA
– Clip one ohmmeter test lead to
the generator wire and the other
test lead to the rear handle
heating element wire.
All electrical components of the
handle heating system are
connected in series with the
ohmmeter.
If the system is in order, the
ohmmeter will show a reading of
about 8 W in measuring range “W“.
If no reading is obtained, there is a
break in the circuit.
If the ohmmeter shows a very low
value, there is a short circuit in one
of the components.
In either case it is necessary to
check each component separately,
b 14.1
The generator wire remains
disconnected from the heating
element during this check.
– After completing the test,
reconnect the wires and push the
insulating tube over the pin and
socket connector.
– Install the interlock lever and
handle molding, b 10.2
82
MS 460, MS 460 C
14.1.1 Troubleshooting Chart
Start
yes
Do both handles
warm up?
no
Heater switch
on “#“?
no
Turn on
switch
yes
Measure resistance of
individual heating elements
with ohmmeter
(On machines with carburetor heating
pull connector pins of wires from heating
element on carburetor out of round plug)
Check rear handle heating element
In good condition?
Bonding ok?
no
yes
Resistance of
rear handle heating element
no
Install new
rear handle
heating element
about 1 W ?
yes
Check generator
Resistance between engine ground
and generator
red connection = about. 0.6 W ?
yellow connection = about 0.8 W ?
no
Install new
generator
yes
1
MS 460, MS 460 C
2
3
83
1
3
2
Test ground wire between tank housing
and crankcase
no
Install new
wiring harness
no
Install new
front handle
Resistance between switch housing
and crankcase about 0 W ?
yes
Pull connectors off
heater switch
Test front handle
heating element
Resistance about 7 W?
yes
Check
heater switch
no
Install new
heater switch
Closed: about 0 W ?
Open: Circuit interrupted
yes
(On machines with carburetor heating
refit connector pin of wire
from heating element in the
round plug)
System in order
84
MS 460, MS 460 C
14.1.2 Test Connections and Test Values
– The pin and socket connections
of the wires in the rear handle
must be disconnected to test the
individual components
separately.
Ohmmeter connection
(use either test lead)
Resistance W
If faulty
Lead 1
Lead 2
Spec.
Actual
Cause
Remedy
Switch
Switch
terminal1)
Ground
< 0.5
-
Switch faulty
Replace switch
Heating element in
rear handle
Terminal
socket on
wire from
rear
handle
heating
element
1.0
Terminal
pin on wire
from rear
handle
heating
element
Component
Heating element in
front handle
Generator W
1)
Connector
on wire
from front
handle
heating
element
Connector
on wire
Ground
Ground
7.0
0.8
0.8...1.2 Heating element
OK
-
Break in wire,
heating element
damaged
0
Short circuit –
damaged insulation
Install new heating
element or repair
insulation
6.0...8.0 Heating element
OK
-
Break in wire,
heating element
damaged
Install new front
handle
0
Short circuit –
damaged insulation
Repair
insulation
0.6...1.0 Generator OK
Disconnect the wire
MS 460, MS 460 C
85
Component
Generator WVH
Generator WVH
and W
86
Ohmmeter connection
(use either test lead)
Resistance W
If faulty
Lead 1
Lead 2
Spec.
Actual
Cause
Connector
on gen’s
red wire
Ground
0.8
0.6...1.0 Generator OK
Remedy
-
Break in wire,
Install new
generator damaged generator
0
Short circuit –
Repair
damaged insulation insulation
MS 460, MS 460 C
14.2
Heater Switch
1
14.3
2
Heating Element in Rear
Handle
1
2
176RA225 VA
176RA224 VA
176RA221 VA
1
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
: Remove the heater switch (1)
inwards.
– Remove the interlock lever,
b 10.2
: Pull wire out of retainer (1).
: Fit new heater switch in the
ground wire’s cable lug (2).
: Slide the two insulating tubes (1)
off the pin and socket connectors
and separate the connectors.
: Push back the rubber
grommet (2) a little.
– Position the heater switch in the
housing bore.
– Fit the washer.
: Pull the connector sleeve out of
the heater switch.
– Plug the connector sleeve into
the switch.
176RA337 VA
176RA222 VA
– Fit the nut and tighten it down
firmly.
– Push the rubber grommet over
the switch.
– Push the wire into the retainer.
– Install the carburetor, b 12.2.1
: Take pressure pad and heating
element out of the handle recess.
Before fitting the new heating
element, clean the surface inside
the handle so that it is free from
grease, dirt and moisture.
2
176RA336 VA
176RA223 VA
1
: Unscrew the nut (arrow) from the
switch.
– Removing the backing from the
new heating element.
– Remove the washer.
: Place heating element (1) in
handle housing (2) and press
firmly and uniformly into position,
from the center outwards.
MS 460, MS 460 C
87
14.4
The heating element in the front
handle (handlebar) is not
replaceable. A new handle must be
fitted if the heating element is faulty.
1
– Remove the carburetor, b
12.2.1
176RA230 VA
Avoid creases. If the heating
element is not fitted perfectly flat,
heat transfer will be interrupted and
the element may fail as a result of
overheating. The ambient
temperature during installation
should not be less than + 15 °C
(59 °F).
Heating Element in Front
Handle
– Remove the interlock lever,
b 10.2
Install in the reverse sequence.
– Slide the insulating tube off the
pin and socket connector of the
wire between the front handle
heating element and the rear
handle heating element.
– Remove the front handle, b 12.8
: Pull the connecting wirer out of
the bore.
Reassemble in the reverse
sequence.
: Fit a new expanded rubber
pressure pad on top of the
heating element. The heating
element must be completely
covered.
176RA228 VA
176RA227 VA
: When installing the front handle,
position the connecting wires in
the recess (1).
: Separate the pin and socket
connector.
Reassemble all other parts in the
reverse sequence.
Check operation of heating
element
176RA229 VA
Run the saw at maximum revs for
no more than 30 seconds with the
heating switched on.
: Pull the wires out of the rubber
grommet.
– Pull the connecting wire out of the
heater switch, b 14.2
88
MS 460, MS 460 C
14.5
Generator
2
: Inspect the generator and poles
for cracks or other damage. If
damage is found, replace the
generator.
– Remove the ignition module,
b 7.1.2
– Remove the flywheel, b 7.3
: Separate the pin and socket
connector (1).
176RA241 VA
176RA239 VA
176RA099 VA
1
1
: Place the generator in position
with the connecting wire (1)
facing the crankcase.
: Connecting wire must locate in
the crankcase recess (2).
– Coat screw threads with
Loctite 242, b 16.
There are two connectors on
generator WVH, disconnect both.
176RA240 VA
– Tighten down the screws firmly,
b 3.5
: Inspect the magnet ring (arrow) in
the flywheel for cracks or other
damage. If damage is found,
replace the flywheel.
176RA238 VA
Reassemble in the reverse
sequence.
: Take out the screws (arrows).
– Remove the generator.
MS 460, MS 460 C
89
15.
Special Servicing Tools
No.
Part Name
Part No.
Application
1
2
3
4
5
6
Locking strip
Sealing plate
Wooden assembly block
Clamping strap
Test flange
- Sleeve
0000 893 5903
0000 855 8106
1108 893 4800
0000 893 2600
1128 850 4200
0000 963 1008
7
1106 850 2905
8
Carburetor and crankcase
tester
Vacuum pump
0000 850 3501
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
- Nipple
- Fuel line
- Plug
Puller
- Jaws (No. 3.1 + 4)
- Jaws (No. 6)
Press sleeve
Assembly sleeve
Press sleeve
Assembly drift
Installing tool 12
Stud puller M8
Assembly tool
Setting gauge
0000 855 9200
1110 141 8600
1122 025 2200
5910 890 4400
0000 893 3706
0000 893 3711
1115 893 4600
1118 893 4602
1118 893 2401
1111 893 4700
5910 890 2212
5910 893 0501
1116 893 4800
1111 890 6400
Blocking the crankshaft
Sealing exhaust port
Fitting piston
Compressing piston rings
Leakage test
Used together with test flange
1106 850 4201
Testing crankcase and carburetor
for leaks
Testing crankcase for leaks,
checking tank vent
Testing carburetor for leaks
Testing carburetor for leaks
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Hook
Assembly stand
Service tool AS
Assembly tube
Service tool AS (set)
Screw sleeve
Service tool ZS (set)
Screw sleeve
Puller
5910 893 8800
5910 890 3100
5910 890 2005
1117 890 0900
5910 007 2205
5910 893 2420
5910 007 2220
5910 893 2409
5910 890 4500
90
Rem.
Removing oil seals
Removing oil seal(s)
Removing oil seal(s)
Installing oil seal (starter side)
Protecting oil seal at clutch side
Installing oil seal (clutch side)
Removing and installing piston pin
Fitting hookless snap rings in piston
Removing bar mounting studs
Rewinding the rewind spring
Setting air gap between ignition module
and flywheel
Removing pickup body
Holding saw for servicing/repairs
Removing and installing crankshaft
Detaching and attaching brake spring
Removing crankshaft (clutch side)
Installing crankshaft
Removing crankshaft (starter side)
Pulling crankcase halves together
Removing limiter cap
MS 460, MS 460 C
No.
Part Name
Part No.
32
33
Puller for flywheel
Torque wrench
1110 893 4500
5910 890 0301
34
Torque wrench
5910 890 0311
35
36
37
38
Crimping tool
Socket, 13 mm, DIN 3124
Socket, 19 mm, DIN 3124
Screwdriver bit T 27 x 125
5910 890 8210
5910 893 5608
5910 893 5613
0812 542 2104
39
40
T-handle screwdriver, T 27 x 150
Press arbor
5910 890 2400
1118 893 7200
41
Press arbor
1120 893 7200
42
Circlip pliers DIN 5254-A 19
0811 611 8380
Application
Rem.
0.5 to 18 Nm
Alternative: Torque wrench
5910 890 0302 with optical/acoustic
signal
6 to 80 Nm
Alternative: Torque wrench
5910 890 0312 with optical/acoustic
signal
Attaching connectors to electrical wires
Flywheel nut
Clutch
Removing and installing spline socket
head screws with electric or pneumatic
screwdrivers; tighten down screws with
torque wrench
IS-P screws (4 mm)
1)
Removing and installing ball bearing
(clutch side)
Removing and installing ball bearing
(flywheel side)
Removing and installing external
retaining rings
Remarks:
1) Use for releasing P screws only.
MS 460, MS 460 C
91
16.
Servicing Aids
No.
Part Name
Part No.
Application
1
Lubricating grease (225 g tube)
0781 120 1111
Oil seals, oil pump drive,
chain sprocket bearing, sliding and bearing
points of brake band, pawl pegs
2
Ignition lead HTR (10 m)
0000 930 2251
3
STIHL special lubricant
0781 417 1315
Bearing bore in rope rotor,
rewind spring in fan housing
4
Dirko sealant, grey
(100 g tube)
0783 830 2120
Oil seals (outside)
5
Standard commercial solventbased degreasant containing no
chlorinated or halogenated
hydrocarbons
6
STIHL multipurpose grease
0781 120 1109
7
Medium-strength threadlocking
adhesive (Loctite 242)
0786 111 1101
8
High-strength threadlocking
adhesive (Loctite 270)
0786 111 1109
9
High-strength threadlocking
adhesive (Loctite 649)
0786 110 0126
92
Cleaning sealing faces
High voltage output on ignition module
MS 460, MS 460 C
englisch / english
0455 176 0123. M7. L4. Fi. Printed in Germany