How to Guide Audio Loudness Monitoring

How to Guide
Audio Loudness Monitoring
WFM6120/7020/7120 & WVR6020/7020/7120 Version 6.0.2 Software
WFM8300/8200 & WVR8300/8200 Version 1.6.3 Software
How to Guide
Audio Loudness Monitoring
WFM6120/7020/7120 & WVR6020/7020/7120 Version 6.0.2 Software
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This release version 6.0.2 adds support for Audio Loudness measurements to the
ITU-R BS.1770 standard with support for ATSC A/85 recommended practice and
EBU R128. The ALOG option is required to support Loudness Session chart of
the loudness data and the ability to save the loudness measurements to USB or
via network connection.
Version 6.0.2 also supports Dolby Digital Plus when the DPE or DDP option is
installed within the instrument.
WFM8300/8200 & WVR8300/8200 Version 1.6.3
This release version 1.6.3 adds support for Audio Loudness measurements to the
ITU-R BS.1770 standard with support for ATSC A/85 recommended practice and
EBU R128. Version 1.6.3 also supports Dolby Digital Plus when the DPE or DDP
option is installed within the instrument.
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Audio Loudness Monitoring
How to Configure the Audio Loudness monitoring
1. Select one of the tiles (1,2,3,4) and press the Audio button
2. Select FULL to make the display full screen, pressing FULL again will toggle back to
FlexVu™.
3. Press and hold the Audio button to display the menu.
4. Move up and down the menu using the Arrow Keys or General Knob to the Loudness
Meter menu.
5. Enter the sub menu by pressing SEL and navigate to the Program selection. (Figure 1)
Figure 1. Audio Display with Audio Loudness Meter
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Audio Loudness Monitoring
Note:- The Audio Loudness meter is available for Analog, AES, Embedded and
Dolby inputs. The Loudness meter is not available in Embedded 16-Ch mode.
How to Quickly Configure the Loudness Measurements Presets for ATSC or EBU
Standards.
Within the Config menu of the instrument there are a variety of settings for the
Loudness measurements within the Loudness Settings menu.
To simplify the operation of the instrument Loudness Presets are available to quickly
configure the unit to the appropriate standard recommendations.
1. Press the Config button to enter the configuration menu.
2. Move up and down the menu using the Arrow Keys or General Knob to the Loudness
Settings menu
3. Press SEL to enter the sub menu and navigate to the Loudness Preset menu.
4. Depending on the user requirements you can select ATSC A/85, EBU R128 (draft),
EBU R128 (wide) or IEC 61672. Navigate to the appropriate selection and press SEL to
enable this preset.
Figure 2. Loudness Preset Configuration menu.
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Audio Loudness Monitoring
Note:- When the Loudness preset is selected within the Loudness Settings
menu. Settings that are changed within the Loudness Settings menu by the
loading of the Loudness preset will be shown in yellow text. Information
regarding the settings of the Loudness presets can be obtained by pressing the
HELP button on the front of the instrument.
Elements of Audio Display with Loudness Measurements.
Figure 3. Audio Tile Display.
1. Loudness Meter is enabled from within the Audio Tile menu and can be selected to
show the Loudness for the program, a channel pair or disabled and not displayed within
the audio tile. The Program Loudness (Pl) is a summation of a number of audio
channels. The channels that are included in the summation are indicated within the
audio display by green channel labels. The channels that are not included in the
program loudness are indicated by white channel labels.
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Audio Loudness Monitoring
The Loudness meter scale is configured by the user within the Config menu of the
Loudness Settings.
Target Loudness is indicated by the White Diamond shape at the side of the meter.
Yellow and Blue Diamond shapes indicates the allowed high and low user defined
loudness thresholds.
Too Loud threshold is indicated by the Red Diamond shape.
Too Quiet threshold is indicated by the Grey Diamond shape.
2. Short Duration – Applies the variable time duration to the integration window of the
loudness measurement. The Average Integration Time defines the duration of the
integration window and is configured within the Loudness Settings menu. The value can
range from 1 to 60 seconds.
3. Infinite Duration - Integrates the loudness measurement continuously over the audio
session duration. The audio session can be started, stopped or reset by the user. If
gating is applied then some measurement results may be excluded from the loudness
measurements.
4. Dialnorm – An AC-3 metadata parameter, numerically equal to the absolute value of the
Dialog Level, carried in the AC-3 bit stream. Valid values are 1 – 31. The value of 0 is
reserved. The values of 1 to 31 are interpreted as –1 to –31. This display shows the
current metadata value decode from the Dolby stream or from the SMPTE 2020
ancillary data packet.
5. True Peak – Shows the current maximum True peak value and indicates the channel
that has recorded the maximum true peak level. The audio level is four times
oversampled per ITU-R BS 1771 for each audio channel and shows actual signal peaks
regardless of their duration. An in-bar peak indicator will persist at the peak level for the
"Peak Hold Time". For the ATSC standard a maximum True Peak value of -2dBFS is
allowed and the EBU recommends a value of -1dBFS.
6. Audio Session Duration – The duration of the audio session is show in time and
indicates how long the audio session has been running since the last reset. The session
can be started and stop using the Up or Down arrows and can be reset by using the
SEL button within the audio tile.
7. Audio Channel Labels – The audio channel labels can be numbered in channel pairs
(1,2,3…) or can be configured to show the surround channel labels (L, C, R, Ls, Rs,
Lfe..). The audio channel labels below the audio bars indicate whether this channel is
included within the audio Loudness summation. A Green channel label indicates that
the audio channel is included in the Loudness summation. Whereas a White channel
label indicates that the audio channel is not included in the Loudness summation. The
summation of the number of channels can be configured by the user within the
Loudness Settings menu.
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8. Audio Ballistic - Specifies the response characteristics of the level meters. Choices are
True Peak, PPM (Peak Program Meter) Type 1, PPM Type 2, VU, and Loudness.
9. Loudness Ballistic - Specifies the response characteristics of the Loudness meters.
Choices are Short Average, Long Average, Ungated Long, IEC 61672 F, IEC 61672 S
and EBU R128 M.
How to Configure Loudness Readouts within Audio Display
A user may specifically be interested in the Loudness measurements made by the
instruments and to be able to quickly read the values within the audio display. To
configure this display as shown in Figure 4 perform the following operations.
1. Select one of the tiles (1,2,3,4) and press the Audio button
2. Select FULL to make the display full screen, pressing FULL again will toggle back to
FlexVu™.
3. Press and hold the Audio button to display the menu.
4. Move up and down the menu using the Arrow Keys or General Knob to the Aux
Display menu.
5. Enter the sub menu by pressing SEL and navigate to the Loudness selection (Figure 4)
Figure 4. Loudness Readouts within Audio Display.
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This display provides large number readouts for the Short Loudness Duration and
Infinite Loudness measurement, along with values for maximum True Peak and
Dialnorm. The layout of this display is slightly different in the WFM/WVR 8000 series
and includes a measurement of the Loudness Range which is defined within EBU R128
and quantifies the variation of the loudness measurement. The Loudness Range
measurement is based on the statistical distribution of loudness within a program.
Audio Session Display
How to Configure the Audio Session Display
1. Select one of the tiles (1,2,3,4) and press the Status button
2. Select FULL to make the display full screen, pressing FULL again will toggle back to
FlexVu™.
3. Press and hold the Status button to display the menu.
4. Move up and down the menu using the Arrow Keys or General Knob to the Display
Type menu.
5. Enter the sub menu by pressing SEL and navigate to the Audio Session selection.
(Figure 5)
Figure 5. Audio Session Display
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Audio Loudness Monitoring
The audio session display contains a variety of summary information on each channel
of the audio signal for the number of clips, mute, over and silence events that have
occurred during the audio session Run Time. Additionally the maximum Peak and High
audio level for each channel are also displayed.
Note:- The Peak value in the audio session display is the True Peak audio level
measurement and the High audio level value is based on the ballistic used for the
audio level. The True Peak measurement is based on a four times oversampling
of the audio signal as specified in ITU-R BS.1771.
For audio loudness measurements a calculation for each channel and channel pairs is
shown in the audio session display, along with the Program Loudness for the short and
infinite duration. The Program Loudness measurement is based on a summation of a
number of the audio channels and the duration of the measurement. The information on
the number of channels summed together is provided within the Chans: display and the
Short PD: label indicates the duration of the short period used for the Short term
Loudness measurement. The infinite duration of the Loudness measurement is based
on the Run Time of the audio session and can be stopped, started or reset by the user.
Note:- To stop or start the audio session press the up or down arrows in either
the audio tile or audio session display. Press SEL to reset the Run Time of the
audio session in either the audio or audio session display.
Loudness Session
The ALOG option is required for the Loudness Session that displays a trend chart of the
loudness measurements and the ability to save the data to USB or download to a PC
via a network connection.
How to Configure the Loudness Session Display
1. Select one of the tiles (1,2,3,4) and press the Status button
2. Select FULL to make the display full screen, pressing FULL again will toggle back to
FlexVu™.
3. Press and hold the Status button to display the menu.
4. Move up and down the menu using the Arrow Keys or General Knob to the Display
Type menu.
5. Enter the sub menu by pressing SEL and navigate to the Loudness Session selection.
(Figure 5).
There are two types of charts available within the instrument. A trend chart (Figure 6)
that shows a graph of the loudness measurements for the last 90 or 180 seconds and a
bar chart that shows the maximum and minimum loudness value during each bar period
and can show the loudness variations from nine minutes to a six hour duration within
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the WFM and WVR 6000/7000 Series instruments and from 7.5 minutes to 30 hours on
the WFM/WVR 8000 Series instruments (Figure 7).
Figure 6. Loudness Session – Trend Chart 90 Seconds.
Configuration of Loudness Session Display.
With the Loudness Session display selected as the active tile (Bright Blue border
around tile). Push and hold the Status button to display the Loudness Session menu.
The following selections are available within this menu.
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Mute Alarms Alarm reporting can be temporarily muted.
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Graph Scale The horizontal scale of the chart can be changed from 0-90 and
180 seconds trend chart to nine minute to a six hour bar chart.
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Graph Gain The vertical gain of the chart can be changed between 0-60, 8-40
and 12-36dB.
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Save History to USB Allows downloading of all loudness session data to a
memory stick inserted into the front of the waveform monitor. Alternatively the
loudness session log can also be downloaded via a network connection to the
instrument.
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History Reset Resets the Audio Loudness Session history.
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All Sessions Reset Resets all audio and video sessions.
Resetting Audio Loudness Session Chart
The statistics on the Audio Loudness Session chart continue to accumulate until you
manually restart the data collection or cycle the power.
With the Loudness Session displayed and selected as the active tile (Bright Blue border
around tile). Press and hold the STATUS button to display the STATUS pop-up menu.
Scroll to History Reset and press SEL to reset the session.
Figure 7. Loudness Session Bar Chart six hour duration.
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Elements of Loudness Session Display.
1. Loudness History: Shows a graphical display of Loudness measurements over
time. A trend chart is available for durations of 90 or 180 seconds and a bar chart
between nine minutes to a six hour duration within the WFM and WVR 6000/7000
Series instruments and from 7.5 minutes to 30 hours on the WFM/WVR 8000 Series
instruments.
2. Scale: Indicates the time interval over which the loudness measurements are made.
This can be configured within the Loudness Session menu. When a Bar chart is
selected the top left of the chart shows the duration of each bar and an update icon
shows when the next bar will be added to the chart (Figure 7).
3. LKFS short Loudness measurement based on duration of short period.
4. LKFS inf. Infinite Loudness measurement based on duration of audio session.
5. Dialnorm is the metadata value that is present either within the Dolby data stream
or carried as an Ancillary data packet per SMPTE2020.
6. True Peak is the maximum true peak value recorded by the audio meters. More
detailed information on the true peak level of each channel is displayed within the
audio session.
7. Max Value The maximum Loudness value recorded within the loudness session.
8. Min Value The minimum Loudness value recorded within the loudness session.
9. Loudness Session Avg. The Loudness session average that is a summed
average of all the values recorded in the session.
10. Channel Summation Shows the summation of audio channels currently used to
compute the Loudness average.
11. Short Period Displays the current duration of the short period Loudness average.
12. Target Value Displays the current user defined Target Loudness level.
13. Loudness Session Time Displays the current duration of the Loudness Session
since last reset.
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Saving the Loudness Measurements Session Data.
If you are using a WFM waveform monitor then you can save the Loudness
measurement data to a USB stick in the following way.
1. Insert a memory stick into the front of the waveform monitor. You may have to wait a
moment for the memory stick to be mounted within the instrument. To check the status
of the USB device press the MAIN button and verify that the USB stick is mounted. If
the USB stick is mounted then the menu will show USB Unmount that indicates the
next action will unmounts the drive. If the USB device is not installed and indicates USB
Mount then press SEL to mount the device or check the status of the drive.
You may have to try a different device if the USB stick is not recognized by the unit.
2. Select the Loudness Session as the active tile (Bright Blue border around tile). Press
and hold the STATUS button to display the STATUS pop-up menu.
3. Navigate to Save History to USB using the arrow keys or general knob.
4. Press SEL to automatically save the Loudness session data to the USB memory
device. A progress bar will be shown in the status menu to indicate the transfer of the
file.
5. The Loudness Session data will be automatically stored in a folder using the Instrument
name InstrumentName LoudnessHist. Within this folder a file will be created of the
Loudness History using the Instrument Name, Date and Time of the instrument as the
file name.
6. Once the data is saved to the memory stick please remember to Unmount the device
which can be done under the Main button menu. In order to prevent loss of data on the
USB device.
You can also download the Loudness Session data use a PC and a network connection to
the instrument.
1. Connect the instrument to a PC through an ethernet hub or a direct connection with
a crossover cable to back of the instrument.
2. To allow network access to the instrument, you need to set the IP address. Network
addresses can be assigned either automatically (DHCP) or manually. If your network
does not use DHCP, you will have to manually enter the address for the instrument.
Your LAN administrator will be required to provide a manual fixed IP address for you
to use on a company network.
3. Press the CONFIG button to display the configuration menu and navigate to Network
Settings. Press SEL to enter the submenu.
4. Navigate to Web Enable using the arrow keys or general knob and ensure On is
selected.
5. Set the IP Config Mode to Manual or DHCP depending on your network setup. If
using DHCP you can skip steps six and seven.
6. Select IP Address if entering an address manually and then use the dialog box to
enter the values required using the arrow keys to navigate and SEL to set between
each value.
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7. Similarly select Subnet Mask and Gateway Address with the appropriate network
parameters provided by your LAN Administrator.
8. Once the network is setup open a Web browser application on the PC (such as
Internet Explorer or Firefox) and enter the IP address within the dialog box.
9. If the connection is established between the PC and instrument a Tektronix Remote
Interface web page should be displayed.
10. Select View Loudness History (text, html) from this web page (Figure 8).
Depending on your network connection speed and the length of the Loudness
History this download process can take several minutes.
11. The file can be saved to your PC using the web browser application.
Figure 8. Tektronix Remote Interface.
Once the data has been downloaded to the PC the html file can be imported directly
into a spreadsheet application. Using the spreadsheet application the data can be
manipulated in a variety of ways and charts can be produced from the data.
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APPENDIX A1
Configuring Loudness Measurements
1. Press the CONFIG button to display the menu.
2. Move up and down the menu using the Arrow Keys or General Knob to select the
Loudness Settings menu (Figure 9).
3. Press SEL to enter sub menus and scroll up and down to select the desired function.
The following information is provided on each function available within the Loudness
Settings menu. This information is also available by pressing Help button on the
instrument or browsing the On-line documentation when connected to the instrument via
a network connection.
Figure 9. Loudness Setting Configuration menu.
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Function
Loudness Preset
Audio Loudness Monitoring
Description
Loudness presets allow you to quickly configure the instrument's
loudness measurement to comply with specific standards bodies.
Press SEL to load the selected loudness preset. The configuration that
changes as a result of the loading of the preset will be showing in
yellow with the Loudness settings configuration menu.
The follow are the available Loudness Preset selections:
ATSC A/85
EBU R/128 (draft)
EBU R/128 (wide)
IEC 61672
These loudness preset reconfigure the settings of the loudness
measurements in the following way:
ATSC A/85
This preset loads a configuration in compliance with ATSC A/85 and
configures the following settings:
 Loudness Filter/ Measure - LKFS (BS.1770)
 Momentary Integration Time - IEC 62672 (125ms)
 Average Integration Time - 10 seconds
 Channel Weighting - ITU-R BS.1770
 Custom Mask - Press SEL
 Target Loudness -24LKFS
 Target Loudness High 2LU
 Target Loudness Low 2LU
 Gating Type - Disabled
 Safety Gating Level -99LKFS
 Relative Gate level 0LU
 Loud A-D Conversion -20dBFS
EBU R/128 (draft)
This preset loads a configuration in compliance with EBU R/128 and
configures the following settings:
 Loudness Filter/ Measure - LKFS (BS.1770)
 Momentary Integration Time - EBU R/128(draft) (400ms)
 Average Integration Time - 3 seconds
 Channel Weighting - ITU-R BS.1770
 Custom Mask - Press SEL
 Target Loudness -23LKFS
 Target Loudness High 1LU
 Target Loudness Low 1LU
 Gating Type - Relative
 Safety Gating Level -99LKFS
 Relative Gate level -8LU
 Loud A-D Conversion -18dBFS
EBU R/128 (wide)
This preset loads a configuration in compliance with EBU R/128 and
configures the following settings:
 Loudness Filter/ Measure - LKFS (BS.1770)
 Momentary Integration Time - EBU R/128(draft) (400ms)
 Average Integration Time - 3 seconds
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Channel Weighting - ITU-R BS.1770
Custom Mask - Press SEL
Target Loudness -21LKFS
Target Loudness High 1LU
Target Loudness Low 1LU
Gating Type - Relative
Safety Gating Level -99LKFS
Relative Gate level -8LU
IEC 61672
This preset loads a configuration in compliance with EBU R/128 and
configures the following settings:
 Loudness Filter/ Measure - Leq(A)
 Momentary Integration Time - IEC 62672 (125ms)
 Average Integration Time - 10 seconds
 Channel Weighting - Custom
 Custom Mask - Press SEL
 Target Loudness -24dBFS
 Target Loudness High 2dB
 Target Loudness Low 2dB
 Gating Type - Disabled
 Safety Gating Level -99dBFS
 Relative Gate level -0dB
 Loud A-D Conversion -20dBFS
Loudness Filter/Measure
The Loudness Filter and Measurement selection controls which of
the three weighting filters are applied to the audio loudness
measurement, and is used by the loudness algorithm to calculate the
audio loudness.
Selections for this parameter are:
 LKFS (ITU-R BS.1770) - LKFS measurements using the Kweighting filter as specified by ITU-R BS.1770. This filter is
preferred for surround sound programs, and is specified by
ATSC and EBU recommendations for monitoring program
loudness.
 Leq (Linear) - Leq measurements using a weighting filter with
a flat response.
 Leq(A) - Leq measurements using the A-weighting filter, which
more closely matches the frequency response of the human
ear.
The filter selection applies to several areas:
 The Surround Sound display
 The Bar displays when displaying the loudness ballistic
 The Program or Channel Pair audio loudness bar displays
 Loudness measurements and readings in the Audio Display,
Audio Session Display, Audio Loudness Display, and Dolby
Status Displays.
 The Audio Loudness Session display
The currently selected filter is shown within the Audio Display above
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Momentary Integ. Time
Average Integ. Time
Audio Loudness Monitoring
the Loudness Bar or within the Surround Sound display.
The Loudness Filter & Measure menu has the following selections.
Loudness Filter:
LKFS (ITU-R BS.1770) Loudness weighting filter that complies with
ITU-R BS.1770 standard.
Leq (Linear) Linear Loudness weighting filter that has a flat response.
Leq(A) A-Weighted Loudness filter that has a response that closely
matches the frequency response of the human ear.
Momentary Integration Time:
IEC 62672 (125ms) Integration time of audio bars is set to 125ms
EBU R/128 (400ms) Integration time of audio bars is set to 400ms
Loudness Ballistic
Channel Weighting
Custom Mask
Average Integration Time:
This value sets the Short duration over which the time interval is set
for the Loudness Average.
The range for this setting is from one second to 60 seconds. The
default value is 10 seconds.
The user can select a variety of Ballistics for the Loudness Meter
 Short Average - Applies a variable time duration to the
integration window of the loudness measurement. The
Average Integration Time defines the duration of the
integration window and is configured within the Loudness
Settings menu. The value can range from one to 60 seconds
with a default value of 10 seconds.
 Long Average - Integrates the loudness measurement
continuously over the audio session duration. The audio
session can be started, stopped or reset by the user. If gating
is applied then some measurement results may be excluded
from the loudness measurements.
 Ungated Long - Integrates the loudness measurement
continuously over the audio session duration. The audio
session can be started, stopped or reset by the user. This
Loudness ballistic does not apply gating to the overall
measurement.
 IEC 62672F- This time-weighted function applies to the audio
level meters and affects how quickly the bars rise when the
signal level increases and fall when the signal level decreases.
Loudness F has a 0.125 second time constant.
 IEC62672S - This time-weighted function applies to the audio
level meters and affects how slowly the bars rise when the
signal level increases and fall when the signal level decreases.
Loudness S has a 1 second time constant.
 EBU R/128M - This measurement applies the M ballistic per
EBU R/128 with a 400ms integration time.
The Channel Weighting allows you to select a number of channels (L,
R, C, Lfe, Ls, Rs, Lb, Rb, S, M, Le, Re) that are used in the Program
Loudness calculation in the Audio Session screen and Loudness
meter.
There are several selections available:
Custom Selects the channel based on the Custom Mask selected by
the user.
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All Channel Selects All Channels to be included in Channel
Weighting.
Exclude LFE Select All Channels except the LFE (Low
Frequency Effects Channel).
ITU-R BS.1770 Applies ITU-R BS.1770 weighting of +1.5dB to
the surround channels and includes all channels except LFE.
Note: In the Audio Display a Green label for the audio bar indicates
that it is included in the Channel Weighting.
The Audio Session and the Loudness Session display provide status
information of the channels included in the Channel Weighting.
Meter Scaling
Alarm Thresholds
The Custom Mask menu selection allows the user to customize the
included channels when Custom is selected for Channel Weighting.
You can change the range and limits of the Audio bar display in the
Meter Scaling menu. The meter scaling choices are:
 Normal
 Custom Height
 Custom Offset
 Graticule Step Size
If you use the Normal settings, then you will see 70 dB of range for the
bars. For digital input, the top of the scale will be DBFS, and for analog
inputs it will be dBu.
If you chose the Custom Height settings, then you can reduce or
expand the range. If you choose the Custom Offset setting, then you
can shift the displayed levels up and down. Together, these allow you
to zoom in on one region or shrink the bars to cover a large range.
If you select Graticule Step Size, then you can select spacing
between graticules and labels on the display. For example, at a value
of 6 there will be a label at 0dB, -6dB, -12dB, and so on.
Audio Loudness configurable Alarm Thresholds are:

Target Loudness
 High
 Low
Channel Loud: The loudness level threshold for a single
channel, audio source, above which the loudness value
triggers an alarm condition.
 Program Loud: The loudness level threshold for all channels
used by the Loudness measurement, above which the
loudness value triggers an alarm condition. This alarm will
trigger an in-bar audio message of Too Loud.
 Program Quiet: The loudness level threshold for all channels
used by the Loudness measurement, below which the
loudness value triggers an alarm condition. This alarm will
trigger an in-bar audio message of Too Quiet.
 Target/DN Delta: When the difference between the Target
loudness level threshold and the current Dialnorm value
exceed the user defined setting an alarm will be triggered.
The Target Loudness of an audio program is defined as the specified
value for the Anchor Element (Dialog Level), established to facilitate
content exchange from supplier to operator.
The Anchor Element is the perceptual loudness of a reference point
element around which other elements are balanced in producing the
final mix of the content, or that a reasonable viewer would focus on
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How to Guide
Audio Loudness Monitoring
when setting the volume control, as defined in ATSC standard A/85.
The default value within the instrument is -24LKFS and is user
selectable.
High and Low thresholds are defined above and below the Target
Loudness value.
The default values are 2LU (+/-2LKFS) above and below the Target
Loudness.
Set 0LU Mark to
Gating Type
 Safety gate level
 Relative gate level
Loud A-D Conversion
For detailed information on the ATSC A/85 standard visit
www.atsc.org.
The Loudness meter can have the 0LU configured to either the Full
Scale top of the Loudness meter or the 0LU mark can be set to the
Target Loud value that is based on the user defined Target Loudness
value.
Loudness Gating refers to the practice of excluding moments of low
level audio from the loudness measurement, in order to improve the
accuracy of the measurement.
The Gating Type can be configured as follows:
 Disabled No Gating measurements are applied to the
Loudness measurement.
 Safety Only When the current loudness level goes below the
Safety Gate Level these loudness measurements are not
included in the loudness measurement.
 Relative. When the difference between the current loudness
level and the overall loudness exceed the relative gating
threshold then these loudness measurement values will not be
included in the loudness measurement.
 Safety Gate Level The loudness level set for Safety Gating
measurements below which the loudness values will not be
included within the loudness measurement.
The default limits is -99LKFS and is user selectable. This
value is used when Gating type is set to Safety Only.
 Relative Gate Level The loudness level set for Relative
Gating measurements. When the difference between the
current measurement and the overall measurement exceed
the relative threshold. Then these loudness measurement
values will not be included in the overall loudness
measurement.
The default limits is -8LU (-8LKFS) below the loudness level
and is user selectable. This value is used when Gating type is
set to Relative mode.
Some loudness measurements, such as the LKFS measurement
defined in ITU-R BS.1770, are defined in terms of digital fullscale
rather than on analog signal levels.
The Loudness A-D Conversion parameter allows you to specify what
digital signal level an analog voltage of 0 dBu shall be converted to for
the purpose of making digitally-defined measurements.
In general, it is recommended that this parameter have the same value
as the Digital Audio Test Level.
Common values for this parameter are:
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How to Guide
Audio Loudness Monitoring
 In North America, -20 dBFS
 In Europe, -18 dBFS
This parameter only affects digital loudness measurements such as
LKFS. It does not affect audio bar readouts.
References
WFM6000/7000 Series Waveform Monitors
WVR6000/7000 Series Waveform Monitors
Data Sheets, Fact Sheets and additional product materials can be found
www.tektronix.com/video_test/signal_monitors.html
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How to Guide
Audio Loudness Monitoring
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For Further Information
Tektronix maintains a comprehensive, constantly
expanding collection of application notes, technical
briefs and other resources to help engineers working
on the cutting edge of technology. Please visit
www.tektronix.com
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