Installation Guide - Oracle Documentation

Sun Fire™ X4100/X4100 M2
and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers
Installation Guide
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
www.sun.com
Part No. 819-1155-17
December 2008, Revision B
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Contents
Preface
1.
v
Setting Up the Server Hardware
Installation Overview
1
1
Installing the Server Into a Rack With Optional Slide Rails
Disassembling the Slide Rails Before Installation
3
Installing the Mounting Brackets Onto the Server
Attaching the Slide-Rail Assemblies to the Rack
4
5
Installing the Server Into the Slide Rail Assemblies
Installing the Cable Management Assembly
Attaching and Routing Cables
6
7
12
Verifying Operation of the Slide Rails and CMA
Installing Cables
2
12
13
Powering On and Off the Server
16
Applying Standby Power for Initial Service Processor Configuration
Powering On Main Power Mode
Shutting Down Main Power Mode
2.
Setting Up the Server Software
16
16
17
19
Introduction to the Integrated Lights Out Manager
19
iii
Connecting to the ILOM Service Processor
21
Connecting to ILOM Using a Serial Connection
21
Connecting to ILOM Using an Ethernet Connection
23
Configuring ILOM Ethernet Settings Using DHCP
23
Configuring ILOM Using Static Ethernet Settings
26
Setting Up Platform Operating System and Driver Software
Drivers for Option Cards
3.
29
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
Before You Begin
31
31
Installation Worksheet
32
Selecting Your Console Output
35
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
36
▼
To Connect to the Server Using the Service Processor’s IP Address
▼
To Connect to the Server Using a Terminal Program
Solaris 10 User Documentation
39
Downloading Solaris 10 OS Software
Solaris 10 OS Training
Index
iv
28
39
39
41
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
38
37
Preface
This guide contains procedures for installing the server in a rack, cabling, and
powering on the server. It also contains procedures for connecting to the service
processor administrator account. Links to documentation for configuring the
preinstalled Solaris 10 software or for installing other supported operating systems
are also included.
Related Documentation
For a description of the document set, see the Where To Find document that is packed
with your system and also available at the product documentation site. Refer to the
following URL, then navigate to your product:
http://www.sun.com/products-nsolutions/hardware/docs/Servers/x64_servers/index.html
This site also contains translated versions of some of these documents in French,
Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese. English
documentation is revised more frequently and might be more up-to-date than the
translated documentation.
For all Sun documentation, refer to:
http://www.sun.com/documentation
For Solaris and other software documentation, refer to:
http://docs.sun.com
v
Support and Training
The Sun web site provides information about the following additional resources:
Sun Function
URL
Support
http://www.sun.com/support/index.jsp
Training
http://www.sun.com/training/
Warranty
http://www.sun.com/service/support/warranty/index.html
Product Updates
For product updates that you can download for the Sun Fire X4100 or X4200 servers,
please visit the following Web site:
http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/downloads.jsp
This site contains updates for firmware and drivers, as well as CD-ROM .iso
images.
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments and
suggestions. You can submit your comments by going to:
http://www.sun.com/hwdocs/feedback
Please include the title and part number of your document with your feedback:
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation Guide, 819-1155-17
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Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
CHAPTER
1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
This chapter contains the following topics:
■
“Installation Overview” on page 1
■
“Installing the Server Into a Rack With Optional Slide Rails” on page 2
■
“Installing Cables” on page 13
■
“Powering On and Off the Server” on page 16
Note – The information in this book applies to all Sun Fire™ X4100/X4100 M2 and
X4200/X4200 M2 servers, unless otherwise noted.
Installation Overview
After unpacking your server, perform the following tasks, which are described in the
documentation as indicated:
1. If desired, install the server into a rack using orderable slide-rails. See “Installing
the Server Into a Rack With Optional Slide Rails” on page 2.
2. Connect all cables, peripherals, and power cords. See “Installing Cables” on
page 13 for an illustration of the server’s back panel connector ports.
3. Power on and boot the server as described in “Powering On and Off the Server”
on page 16.
4. Connect to the service processor as described in “Setting Up the Server Software”
on page 19.
1
5. Configure the preinstalled Solaris™ operating system or install a supported
operating system of your choice. For details, refer to one of the following:
■
“Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System” on page 36.
■
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Operating System
Installation Guide, 819-1158.
■
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Windows Operating
System Installation Guide, 819-4346.
6. Customize your server as needed. For details, refer to the “System Management”
section of the online information system or the Integrated Lights-Out Manager
Administration Guide, 820-0280.
Installing the Server Into a Rack With
Optional Slide Rails
To install your server in a four-post rack using the orderable slide-rail option, follow
these procedures. These slide rails are compatible with a wide range of equipment
racks that meet the following standards:
■
Four-post structure (mounting at both front and rear). Two-post racks are not
compatible.
■
Rack horizontal opening and unit vertical pitch conforming to ANSI/EIA
310-D-1992 or IEC 60927 standards.
■
Distance between front and rear mounting planes between 610 mm and 915 mm
(24 inches to 36 inches).
■
Clearance depth (to front cabinet door) in front of front rack mounting plane at
least 25.4 mm (1 inch).
■
Clearance depth (to rear cabinet door) behind front rack mounting plane at least
800 mm (31.5 inches) or 700 mm (27.5 inches) without cable management arm.
■
Clearance width (between structural supports and cable troughs) between front
and rear mounting planes at least 456 mm (18 inches).
Note – Although the Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 server is pictured in the illustrations
in this section, these procedures also apply to the Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 server.
Caution – Always load equipment into a rack from the bottom up so that the rack
does not become top-heavy and tip over. Deploy your rack’s anti-tilt bar to prevent
the rack from tipping during equipment installation.
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Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Disassembling the Slide Rails Before Installation
Use this procedure to remove the mounting brackets from the slide-rail assemblies.
1. Unpack the slide-rails.
2. Locate the slide-rail lock at the front of one of the slide-rail assemblies, as
shown in FIGURE 1-1.
3. Squeeze and hold the tabs at the top and bottom of the lock while you pull the
mounting bracket out of the slide-rail assembly, until it reaches the stop. See
FIGURE 1-1.
4. Pull the mounting bracket release button toward the front of the mounting
bracket, as shown in FIGURE 1-1, and simultaneously withdraw the mounting
bracket from the slide-rail assembly.
5. Repeat the procedure for the remaining slide rail assembly.
FIGURE 1-1
Disassembling the Slide-Rail Before Installation
Mounting bracket
release button
Slide-rail lock
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
3
Installing the Mounting Brackets Onto the Server
Use this procedure to install the mounting brackets onto the sides of the server.
1. Position a mounting bracket against the chassis so that the slide-rail lock is at
the server front, and the three keyed openings on the mounting bracket are
aligned with the three locating pins on the side of the chassis. See FIGURE 1-2.
FIGURE 1-2
Aligning the Mounting Bracket With the Server Chassis
Mounting-bracket clip
Chassis front
Mounting bracket
Slide-rail lock
2. With the heads of the three chassis locating pins protruding though the three
keyed openings in the mounting bracket, pull the mounting bracket toward the
front of the chassis until the mounting-bracket clip locks into place with an
audible click. See FIGURE 1-2.
3. Verify that all three locating pins are trapped in the keyed openings and that
the rear locating pin has engaged the mounting-bracket clip. See FIGURE 1-2.
4. Repeat the procedure to install the remaining mounting bracket on the other
side of the server.
4
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Attaching the Slide-Rail Assemblies to the Rack
Use this procedure to install the slide-rail assemblies to the rack.
1. Position a slide-rail assembly in your rack so that the brackets at each end of
the slide-rail assembly are on the outside of the front and rear rack posts. See
FIGURE 1-3.
2. Attach the slide-rail assembly to the rack posts.
The method used to attach the slide-rails varies depending on the type of rack:
FIGURE 1-3
■
If your rack has threaded mounting holes in the rack posts, first determine
whether the threads are metric or standard, then insert the correct mounting
screws through the slide-rail brackets and into the threaded holes.
■
If your rack does not have threaded mounting holes, insert the mounting
screws through both the slide-rail brackets and rack posts, then secure them
with the caged nuts.
Slide-Rail Assembly Mounting to Rack Post
Rack post
Slide-rail assembly
bracket on outside
of rack post
Slide-rail
assembly
with mounting
bracket removed
3. Repeat the procedure for the remaining slide rail assembly.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
5
Installing the Server Into the Slide Rail
Assemblies
Use this procedure to install the server chassis, with mounting brackets, into the
slide-rail assemblies that are mounted to the rack.
Caution – This procedure requires a minimum of two people because of the weight
of the server. Attempting this procedure alone could result in equipment damage or
personal injury.
1. Push the slide-rails into the slide-rail assemblies as far as possible.
2. Raise the server so that the rear ends of the mounting brackets are aligned with
the slide-rail assemblies that are mounted in the equipment rack. See
FIGURE 1-4.
3. Insert the mounting brackets into the slide-rails, then push the server into the
rack until the mounting brackets encounter the slide-rail stops (approximately
12 inches or 30 cm).
FIGURE 1-4
Inserting the Server With Mounting Brackets Into the Slide-Rails
Slide-rail
assembly
mounted on
rack post
Mounting bracket
inserted into
slide-rail
Slide-rail
release button
6
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Slide-rail locks
4. Simultaneously pull and hold the slide rail release buttons on each mounting
bracket while you push the server into the rack. See FIGURE 1-4.
Continue pushing until the slide-rail locks on the front of the mounting brackets
engage the slide-rail assemblies.
Caution – Verify that the server is securely mounted in the rack and that the sliderails locks are engaged with the mounting brackets before continuing.
Installing the Cable Management Assembly
Use this procedure to install an optional cable management assembly (CMA).
1. Unpack the CMA parts.
2. Take the CMA to the rear of the equipment rack and ensure that you have
adequate room to work around the rear of the server.
Note – References to “left” or “right” in this procedure assume that you are facing
the rear of the equipment rack.
3. Locate the CMA rail extension and insert it into the left slide-rail until the
extension locks into place with an audible click. See FIGURE 1-5.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
7
FIGURE 1-5
Inserting the CMA Rail Extension Into the Rear of the Left Slide-Rail
Left
slide-rail
CMA rail
extension
4. Verify that the CMA rail extension engages the slide-rail, as shown in
FIGURE 1-6.
8
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
FIGURE 1-6
Detail of CMA Rail Extension Inserted Into the Left Slide-Rail
CMA rail extension
Left slide-rail
Note – Support the CMA in the remaining installation steps. Do not allow the
assembly to hang by its own weight until it is secured by all three attachment points.
5. Insert the CMA’s mounting bracket connector into the right slide-rail until the
connector locks into place with an audible click. See FIGURE 1-7.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
9
FIGURE 1-7
Inserting the CMA Mounting Bracket Into the Rear of the Right Slide-Rail
Right slide-rail
CMA mounting
bracket
6. Insert the right CMA slide-rail connector into the right slide-rail assembly until
the connector locks into place with an audible click. See FIGURE 1-8.
FIGURE 1-8
Inserting CMA Slide-Rail Connector Into Rear of Right Slide-Rail Assembly
Right sliderail assembly
CMA slide-rail
connector
10
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
7. Insert the remaining CMA arm connector into the plastic cutout on the CMA
rail extension, which you installed to the left slide-rail in Step 3. See FIGURE 1-9.
FIGURE 1-9
Connecting the CMA Arm to Rail Extension Connector
CMA extension
arm
(on left slide-rail)
Tab
CMA arm connector
8. Gently press the tab in the direction indicated in FIGURE 1-9 to open the cutout
enough to insert the connector.
Once you pass the connector through the cutout, release the tab to lock the
connector in place.
9. Position the cable hangers in the appropriate mounting holes in the CMA and
snap them into place. See FIGURE 1-10.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
11
FIGURE 1-10
Installing CMA Cable Hangers
CMA cable hanger
CMA arm
Attaching and Routing Cables
Use this procedure to attach cables to your server and route them through the CMA.
1. Refer to “Installing Cables” on page 13 for an illustration of the server back
panel ports and a procedure for installing cables to your server.
2. Install cables to your server, as required.
3. Route the cables through the CMA cable hangers.
Verifying Operation of the Slide Rails and CMA
Use this procedure to ensure that the slide-rails and CMA are operating correctly.
12
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Note – Two people are recommended for this procedure: one to move the server in
and out of the rack and one to observe the cables and CMA.
1. Slowly pull the server out of the rack until the slide-rails reach their stops.
2. Inspect the attached cables for any binding or kinks.
3. Verify that the CMA extends fully and does not bind in the slide-rails.
4. Push the server back into the rack, as described below.
When the server is fully extended, you must release two sets of slide-rail stops to
return the server to the rack:
a. The first set of stops are levers, located on the inside of each slide-rail, just
behind the rear panel of the server. These levers are labeled “PUSH.” Push
in both levers simultaneously and slide the server toward the rack.
The server will travel approximately 15 inches (38 cm) and stop.
Verify that the cables and the CMA retract without binding before continuing.
b. The second set of stops are the slide-rail release buttons, located near the
front of each mounting bracket. See FIGURE 1-4. Simultaneously push or pull
both of the slide-rail release buttons and push the server completely into the
rack until both slide-rail locks engage.
5. Adjust the cable hangers and CMA as required.
6. Continue with “Installing Cables” on page 13.
Installing Cables
Attach cables to the back panel connectors of your server as required. See FIGURE 1-11
or FIGURE 1-12.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
13
FIGURE 1-11
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 Server Back Panel
AC power connectors (2)
Ethernet port
NET MGT
Video connector
Gigabit Ethernet ports (4)
USB connectors (2)
SERIAL MGT port
FIGURE 1-12
Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 Server Back Panel
Ethernet port
NET MGT
Gigabit Ethernet ports (4)
NET MGT
AC power connectors (2)
Video connector
USB connectors (2)
SERIAL MGT port
1. If desired, connect a USB keyboard cable to a USB connector.
2. If desired, connect a USB mouse cable to a USB connector.
3. If desired, connect a video monitor cable to the video connector.
Note – Keyboard, mouse, and video are optional with an operating system that
supports headless operation.
Note – The system console supports only a screen resolution of 1024 by 768 and a
color depth of 24 bits. This limitation is necessary to support video redirection by the
Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM).
14
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
4. Connect Ethernet cables to the “NET” connectors as required for your Gigabit
Ethernet or management network.
Note the following guidelines regarding the Ethernet (LAN) ports:
■
The port labeled “NET MGT” is a 10/100 Ethernet port that can connect your
system to a management network.
■
The ports labeled “NET 0” through “NET 3” are Gigabit Ethernet ports.
The order in which the BIOS detects the Ethernet ports during bootup and the
corresponding drivers that control those ports are listed below.
Sun Fire X4100/X4200 servers:
1. NET 0 (Intel NIC 0)
2. NET 1 (Intel NIC 1)
3. NET 2 (Intel NIC 2)
4. NET 3 (Intel NIC 3)
Sun Fire X4100 M2/X4200 M2 servers:
1. NET 0 (Nvidia CK8-04 NIC)
2. NET 1 (Nvidia IO-04 NIC)
3. NET 2 (Intel NIC)
4. NET 3 (Intel NIC)
See “Connecting to the ILOM Service Processor” on page 21 for additional
information about setting up the service processor for remote system
management.
5. If desired, connect an RJ-45 serial port cable to the “SERIAL MGT” connector.
Note the following considerations for the serial port and serial port cabling:
■
The default serial port speed is 9600 baud with no flow control.
■
These servers use the same pinout as the RJ45 port on the RSC/ALOM/ALOM
Plus cards on Sun Netra™ and other Sun Fire systems.
■
There is a compatible Sun RJ45-to-DB9 adapter shipped with the server, part
number 530-3100.
■
An alternative, compatible cable is the Cisco 72-3383-01 console cable.
6. Continue with “Powering On and Off the Server” on page 16.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
15
Powering On and Off the Server
You have to apply only standby power to the server at this point so that you can
perform initial configuration o f the service processor. Procedures for powering on to
main power mode and for shutting down from main power mode are also included
in this section.
Applying Standby Power for Initial Service
Processor Configuration
Use this procedure to apply standby power to the service processor (SP) before
initial configuration.
Caution – Do not operate the server without all fans, component heatsinks, air
baffles, and the cover installed. Severe damage to server components can occur if
operated without adequate cooling mechanisms.
1. Connect grounded AC power cords to the AC power connectors on the back
panel of the server and to grounded AC power outlets.
In standby power mode, the Power/OK LED on the front panel flashes,
indicating that the SP is working. See FIGURE 1-13 or FIGURE 1-14 for the LED
location.
Note – At this point, standby power is supplied only to the Graphics Redirect and
Service Processor (GRASP) board and power supply fans. You can proceed to
Chapter 2 to begin initial configuration. Do not apply main power to the rest of the
server until you are ready to install a platform operating system.
2. Continue with initial software setup tasks, as described in Chapter 2.
Powering On Main Power Mode
To power on main power for all server components:
1. Verify that power cords have been connected and that standby power is on.
In standby power mode, the Power/OK LED on the front panel flashes. See
FIGURE 1-13 or FIGURE 1-14.
16
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
2. Use a ballpoint pen or other stylus to press and release the recessed Power
button on the server front panel.
When main power is applied to the full server, the Power/OK LED next to the
Power button lights and remains lit.
FIGURE 1-13
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 Server Front Panel
Power/OK LED
FIGURE 1-14
Power button
Sun Fire X4200/X4200 M2 Server Front Panel
Power/OK LED
Power button
Shutting Down Main Power Mode
To power off the server from main power mode, use one of the following two
methods:
■
Graceful shutdown: Use a ballpoint pen or other stylus to press and release the
Power button on the front panel. This causes Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface (ACPI) enabled operating systems to perform an orderly shutdown of
the operating system. Servers not running ACPI-enabled operating systems will
shut down to standby power mode immediately.
■
Emergency shutdown: Press and hold the Power button for four seconds to force
main power off and enter standby power mode.
When main power is off, the Power/OK LED on the front panel flashes,
indicating that the server is in standby power mode.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Server Hardware
17
Caution – To completely power off the server, you must disconnect the AC power
cords from the back panel of the server.
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Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
CHAPTER
2
Setting Up the Server Software
This chapter describes the tasks for initial setup of the server’s service processor and
Integrated Lights Out Manager™ software. This chapter contains these topics:
■
“Introduction to the Integrated Lights Out Manager” on page 19
■
“Connecting to the ILOM Service Processor” on page 21
■
“Setting Up Platform Operating System and Driver Software” on page 28
■
“Drivers for Option Cards” on page 29
Introduction to the Integrated Lights Out
Manager
The Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) provides powerful tools for managing
your server.
19
FIGURE 2-1
Integrated Lights Out Manager Login Page
ILOM consists of four components, three of which are on your host server and one
that is on the client system that accesses your host server. The four components are
as follows:
■
■
ILOM SP hardware. Your server is equipped with a Graphics Redirect and
Service Processor (GRASP) board that performs the following functions:
■
Monitors the status and configuration of field-replaceable components of your
server, such as fans, disk drives, and power supplies.
■
Provides serial and Ethernet connections to external terminals or local area
networks (LANs).
ILOM SP firmware. Preinstalled on the GRASP board is a library of system
management firmware applications. This ILOM firmware is operating system
independent. These firmware applications provide the following system
management interfaces into your server:
■
A web-based graphical interface
■
A Secure Shell (SSH) command-line interface
■
An IPMI v2.0 command interface
■
A Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) v1, v2c, or v3 interface
These interfaces call the same underlying system management functions on your
GRASP board, so you can choose to work with one or more of these ILOM
interfaces to integrate with the other management interfaces running in your data
center.
■
20
Remote Console application. The Remote Console application allows remote
clients to view the graphical console of your host server as though they were
directly attached to its video connector. The Remote Console is a mirror of the
1024x768 output from the server’s VGA video connector. The remote keyboard,
mouse, CD drive, or diskette drive will appear as standard USB devices.
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Note – The Remote Console application is not required on the client systems, but a
web browser and Sun Java™ runtime environment version 5.0 or later are required
on the client systems. You can download Java free from http://java.sun.com.
■
Client-side Secure Shell application. To access the ILOM SP through a remote
Secure Shell (SSH), you must install a Secure Shell communications application on
the remote client system (server, workstation, or laptop). Many Secure Shell
communications applications are available from commercial or open-source
distribution. Refer to http://www.openssh.org for information about opensource client-side SSH applications.
Sun Microsystems™ has configured the ILOM hardware and firmware on your
server to reflect the most common default settings used in the field. It is unlikely
that you will need to change these defaults.
Connecting to the ILOM Service
Processor
There are two methods for connecting to the ILOM SP to perform initial setup and
configuration. Use the procedure that you prefer:
■
“Connecting to ILOM Using a Serial Connection” on page 21
■
“Connecting to ILOM Using an Ethernet Connection” on page 23
Connecting to ILOM Using a Serial Connection
Use this procedure to establish a serial connection to the ILOM SP so that you can
perform initial configuration of ILOM.
Note – This procedure assumes that you have already completed the hardware
setup and have applied standby power to your server, as described in Chapter 1.
1. Verify that your terminal, laptop, or terminal server is operational.
2. Configure that terminal device or the terminal emulation software running on a
laptop or PC to the following settings:
■
8N1: eight data bits, no parity, one stop bit
■
9600 baud
Chapter 2
Setting Up the Server Software
21
■
Disable hardware flow control (CTS/RTS)
■
Disable software flow control (XON/XOFF)
3. Connect a serial cable from the RJ-45 SERIAL MGT port on the server’s back
panel to a terminal device. See FIGURE 1-11 or FIGURE 1-12 for the location of this
port.
4. Press Enter on the terminal device to establish a connection between that
terminal device and the ILOM SP.
The SP eventually displays a login prompt, such as the following example:
SUNSP0003BA84D777 login:
In this example login prompt:
■
The string SUNSP is the same for all SPs.
■
0003BA84D777 is the Ethernet MAC address of the particular SP. This will be
different for each server.
5. Log in to the ILOM.
a. Type the default user name: root
b. Type the default password: changeme.
Once you have successfully logged in, the SP displays its default command
prompt:
->
You can now run CLI commands to configure ILOM for the server’s user
accounts, network settings, access lists, alerts, and so on. For detailed instructions
on CLI commands, see the Integrated Lights-Out Manager Administration Guide,
819-1160.
For instructions on configuring static network settings using the CLI, see
“Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the CLI” on page 27.
6. To start the serial console, you can type:
cd /SP/console
start
Note – You can switch back to the SP CLI from the serial console by entering the
Esc ( key sequence.
7. After configuring the server, continue with “Setting Up Platform Operating
System and Driver Software” on page 28.
22
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Connecting to ILOM Using an Ethernet
Connection
To access the full range of ILOM functionality such as the graphical user interface
(GUI), you must connect a LAN to the Ethernet port and configure your Ethernet
connection.
ILOM supports Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and static IP
addressing.
■
To configure using DHCP, see “Configuring ILOM Ethernet Settings Using
DHCP” on page 23.
■
To configure using a static IP address, see “Configuring ILOM Using Static
Ethernet Settings” on page 26.
Configuring ILOM Ethernet Settings Using DHCP
Note – This procedure assumes that you have already completed the hardware
setup and have applied standby power for your server, as described in Chapter 1.
1. Verify that your DHCP server is configured to accept new media access control
(MAC) addresses by checking with your system administrator.
2. Connect an Ethernet cable to the server’s RJ-45 NET MGT Ethernet port. See
FIGURE 1-11 or FIGURE 1-12.
If the ILOM SP is not using static IP addresses, it broadcasts a DHCPDISCOVER
packet with the ID of its MAC address. A DHCP server on your LAN returns a
DHCPOFFER packet containing an IP address and other information. The ILOM
SP then manages its “lease” of that IP address that was assigned to it by the
DHCP server.
3. Obtain the ILOM SP IP address from one of the following locations. Record the
IP address for future reference.
■
CLI commands. The SP has a serial port to which you can attach a terminal
device. If you log in to the SP and enter the CLI command
show /SP/network, the SP displays the current IP address.
■
The system BIOS setup screen. Press F2 during bootup, then choose Advanced
→ IPMI 2.0 Configuration → Set LAN Configuration → IP address.
■
DHCP server log files. If you use this method, use Step a through Step c below.
Otherwise, skip to Step 4.
Chapter 2
Setting Up the Server Software
23
a. Identify the MAC address of the ILOM SP from one of the following
locations and write it down:
1. CLI commands. The SP has a serial port to which you can attach a terminal
device. If you log in to the SP and type the CLI command
show /SP/network, the SP displays the current MAC address.
2. The Customer Information Sheet that is shipped with your server.
3. The system BIOS setup screen. Press F2 during bootup, then choose
Advanced → IPMI 2.0 Configuration → Set LAN Configuration → MAC
address.
b. Log in to your DHCP server and view its DHCP log file.
Note – Different DHCP server applications running on different operating systems
store these log files in different locations. Consult your DHCP system administrator
to locate the correct path to the log file.
c. Identify the IP address in the log file that corresponds to the MAC address
of your ILOM SP.
Typically, DHCP log file entries are individual lines with the following commaseparated fields:
ID, Date, Time, Description, IP Address, Host Name, MAC Address
Locate the MAC address of your ILOM SP in the MAC Address (seventh) field
of the correct DHCP file entry and record the corresponding value of the IP
Address (fifth) field. This is the IP address that you must use to access the
system management firmware applications on your ILOM SP.
4. Open a session to the ILOM SP using the IP address that you obtained in
Step 3.
You can use the CLI or the GUI interface.
To establish a Secure Shell (SSH) connection to the ILOM SP CLI, type the
appropriate connection command in the SSH application. For example, to connect
to the SP with the DHCP-assigned IP address of 129.144.82.20, type the following
command:
# ssh -l root 129.144.82.20
The default user name is root, which was included in the ssh command. When
you are prompted, enter the default password for the SP, changeme. You can then
enter commands to manage user accounts or to monitor the status of devices on
your server. See the example in FIGURE 2-2.
24
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
FIGURE 2-2
■
Opening a Session With an SSH Command-Line Interface
To establish a connection to the ILOM SP web GUI, type the IP address of the
ILOM SP in the browser locator box and press Enter.
For example, if the IP address for your ILOM SP was 129.144.02.20, you
would enter it as shown in FIGURE 2-3. The first GUI page prompts you for the
default username, root, and the default password, changeme.
FIGURE 2-3
Opening a Session With a Web GUI
5. After you have entered the user name and password in either the CLI or GUI,
you can use the interface to configure your ILOM SP.
For detailed instructions on configuring your system, see the Integrated Lights-Out
Manager Administration Guide, 819-1160.
6. Continue with “Setting Up Platform Operating System and Driver Software” on
page 28.
Chapter 2
Setting Up the Server Software
25
Configuring ILOM Using Static Ethernet Settings
As an alternative to having your DHCP server assign an IP address to your ILOM
SP, you can also assign a static IP address to it. You can do this by using the web
GUI, by using the CLI over the network or serial port, or by using the server’s BIOS
Setup Utility. Use the procedure you prefer.
■
“Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the Web GUI” on page 26
■
“Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the CLI” on page 27
■
“Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the BIOS Setup Utility” on page 28
Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the Web GUI
1. Determine the current IP address of the ILOM SP from one of the following
locations:
■
CLI command. The SP has a serial port to which you can attach a terminal
device. If you log in to the SP and enter the CLI command
show /SP/network, the SP displays the current IP address.
■
The system BIOS setup screen. Press F2 during bootup, then choose Advanced
→ IPMI 2.0 Configuration → Set LAN Configuration → IP address.
2. Connect to the ILOM SP through a web browser running on a remote system.
3. Log in to the web GUI using the default user name, root, and the default
password, changeme.
4. Choose the Configuration tab and its Network tab to display information about
the current network configuration of your ILOM SP. See FIGURE 2-4.
26
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
5. Select the Use the Following IP Address option and type your static IP address
information. See the example in FIGURE 2-4.
FIGURE 2-4
Integrated Lights Out Manager Network Settings Page
Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the CLI
1. Log into the CLI using SSH or by connecting to the serial port.
To establish a Secure Shell (SSH) connection to the ILOM CLI, type the
appropriate connection command in the SSH application. For example, to connect
to the SP with the DHCP-assigned IP address of 129.144.82.20, you would type
the following command:
# ssh -l root 129.144.82.20
See the example in FIGURE 2-2.
2. Type the following commands, using your own addresses in place of the
examples below:
(The addresses shown in the commands below are examples.)
cd /SP/network
set pendingipaddress=129.144.82.26
set pendingipnetmask=255.255.255.0
set pendingipgateway=129.144.82.254
set pendingipdiscovery=static
set commitpending=true
Chapter 2
Setting Up the Server Software
27
Configuring Static IP Addresses Using the BIOS Setup Utility
1. Enter the BIOS Setup utility by pressing the F2 key while the system is booting
up and performing the power-on self-test (POST).
2. When the BIOS Main menu screen is displayed, select Advanced.
3. From the Advanced menu screen, select IPMI 2.0 Configuration.
4. From the IPMI 2.0 Configuration screen, select LAN Configuration.
5. On the LAN Configuration screen, change the IP Assignment field to Static.
6. Type the static IP address in the IP Address field.
You can also enter the subnet mask and default gateway settings in their
respective fields.
7. Select Commit and press Return to commit the changes.
8. Select Refresh and press Return to see your new static IP settings displayed in
the Current IP address in BMC field.
9. Press and release the right arrow key until the Exit menu screen is displayed.
10. Follow the instructions on the Exit menu screen to save your changes and exit
the Setup utility.
Setting Up Platform Operating System
and Driver Software
After configuring the ILOM SP with network settings, you can configure the
preinstalled Solaris 10 operating system, or install a supported Linux or Windows
platform operating system and drivers.
28
■
If you want to use the preinstalled Solaris 10 operating system, refer to
“Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System” on page 36.
■
For details about installing a supported Linux or Solaris OS and the required
drivers, refer to Sun Fire X4100/X4200 Servers Operating System Installation Guide,
819-1158.
■
For details about installing a supported Windows OS and the required drivers,
refer to Sun Fire X4100/X4200 Servers Windows Operating System Installation Guide,
819-4346.
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
■
For additional OS considerations specific to this server, refer to one of the
following:
Sun Fire X4100/X4200 Servers Product Notes, 819-1162
Sun Fire X4100 M2/X4200 M2 Servers Product Notes, 819-5038
Drivers for Option Cards
Option cards supported by operating systems are listed on the platform-specific
product webpage under Companion Products. To check if the driver of your option
card is available for download, check the Option Cards link on the Product Page.
For example, Sun Fire X4100 M2 platform page and related option card are:
http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/
http://www.sun.com/servers/entry/x4100/optioncards.jsp
For complete platform listings please visit:
http://www.sun.com/servers/index.jsp?tab=2
Chapter 2
Setting Up the Server Software
29
30
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
CHAPTER
3
Configuring the Preinstalled
Solaris 10 Operating System
This chapter explains the steps for configuring the Solaris™ 10 Operating System
(OS) that has been preinstalled on your server. The factory-installed version is
Solaris 10 6/06 or later.
Before You Begin
Before you begin configuring the preinstalled OS, you need to do the following:
1. Perform initial configuration of the server’s Integrated Lights Out Manager
(ILOM) Service Processor (SP) and determine the server’s network settings, as
described in “Connecting to the ILOM Service Processor” on page 21.
2. Gather the information that you will need for the configuration, as listed in
“Installation Worksheet” on page 32.
3. Select your console output. For details, see “Selecting Your Console Output” on
page 35.
31
Installation Worksheet
Use the worksheet in TABLE 1 to gather the information you need to configure the
preinstalled Solaris 10 OS. You need to collect only the information that applies to
your application.
Worksheet for Installation
TABLE 1
Your Answers:
Defaults are noted
with an asterisk. (*)
Information for Installation
Description or Example
Language
Choose from the list of available languages for the
Solaris 10 software.
English*
Locale
Choose your geographic region from the list of available
locales.
English (C - 7-bit
ASCII)*
Terminal
Choose the type of terminal that you are using from the
list of available terminal types.
Network connection
Is the system connected to a network?
• Networked
• Non-networked*
DHCP
Can the system use Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) to configure its network interfaces?
• Yes
• No*
IP address
If you are not
using DHCP,
note the network
address:
Subnet
If you are not using DHCP, supply the IP address for the
system.
Example: 129.200.9.1
IPv6
If you are not using DHCP, is the system part of a
subnet?
If yes, what is the netmask of the subnet?
Example: 255.255.0.0
255.255.0.0*
Do you want to enable IPv6 on this machine?
• Yes
• No*
Host name
A host name that you choose for the system.
Kerberos
• Yes
Do you want to configure Kerberos security on this
machine? If yes, gather the following information:
• No*
Default Realm:
Administration Server:
First KDC:
(Optional) Additional KDCs:
32
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
TABLE 1
Worksheet for Installation (Continued)
Information for Installation
Name service: if
the system uses
a name service,
provide the
following
information.
Description or Example
Name service Which name service should this system use?
Your Answers:
Defaults are noted
with an asterisk. (*)
•
•
•
•
•
NIS+
NIS
DNS
LDAP
None*
Domain name Provide the name of the domain in which the system
resides.
NIS+ and NIS Do you want to specify a name server or let the
installation program find one?
DNS
Provide IP addresses for the DNS server. You must enter
at least one IP address, but you can enter up to three
addresses.
You can also enter a list of domains to search when a
DNS query is made.
Search Domain:
Search Domain:
Search Domain:
LDAP
Provide the following information about your LDAP
profile:
Profile name:
Profile server:
If you specify a proxy credential level in your LDAP
profile, gather this information:
Proxy-Bind Distinguished Name:
Proxy-Bind Password:
Chapter 3
• Specify One
• Find One*
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
33
Worksheet for Installation (Continued)
TABLE 1
Your Answers:
Defaults are noted
with an asterisk. (*)
Information for Installation
Description or Example
Default route
Do you want to specify a default route IP address or let • Specify One
the Solaris installation program find one?
• Detect One
The default route provides a bridge that forwards traffic • None*
between two physical networks. An IP address is a
unique number that identifies each host on a network.
You have the following choices:
• You can specify the IP address. An
/etc/defaultrouter file is created with the
specified IP address. When the system is rebooted, the
specified IP address becomes the default route.
• You can let the Solaris installation program detect an
IP address. However, the system must be on a subnet
that has a router that advertises itself by using the
ICMP router discovery protocol. If you are using the
command-line interface, the software detects an IP
address when the system is booted.
• You can choose None if you do not have a router or do
not want the software to detect an IP address at this
time. The software automatically tries to detect an IP
address on reboot.
Time zone
How do you want to specify your default time zone?
Root password
Choose a root password for the system.
34
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
• Geographic
region*
• Offset from GM
• Time zone file
Selecting Your Console Output
Unlike with SPARC® systems, you will not see the output of the preinstalled
Solaris 10 image through a monitor when you power on the server. Instead, the
output of the preinstalled image is directed to a serial console.
GRUB, the open source boot loader, is the default boot loader. The boot loader is the
first software program that runs after you power on a system.
From the GRUB menu, you have the option of displaying the installation process to
a VGA connection (video port), as shown below.
*******************************************************************
* Solaris 10 11/06 s10x_u2wos_09a X86
*
* Solaris failsafe
*
* Solaris 10 11/06 s10x_u2wos_09a X86 (VGA)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*******************************************************************
Note – The first line of the above figure shows the default startup mode.
Example
To display output to the video port, choose the following option:
Solaris 10 11/06 s10x_u2wos_09a X86 (VGA)
Chapter 3
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
35
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10
Operating System
Note – Before you perform this procedure, you need to set up the service processor.
If you have not done so, see “Before You Begin” on page 31.
Use the information that you gathered in “Installation Worksheet” on page 32 as you
perform the configuration.
After configuring the ILOM SP, you can configure the preinstalled Solaris 10
operating system (OS) by using another system to connect to the server, or install a
Linux or Windows platform operating system. The possible ways to do this are
described here:
■
“To Connect to the Server Using the Service Processor’s IP Address” on page 37
If you use this method, you first need to determine the service processor’s IP
address and the server must be connected to the network.
■
“To Connect to the Server Using a Terminal Program” on page 38
If you use this method, you do not need to determine the service processor’s IP
address, but you will need to have a cable connection from the server to the serial
port of a host system.
■
If you want to install a supported Windows or Linux OS and the required drivers,
refer to the following:
For Windows: Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Windows
Operating System Installation Guide, 819-4346
For Linux (and Solaris): Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers
Operating System Installation Guide, 819-1158
■
For additional OS considerations specific to this server, refer to either of the
following:
Sun Fire X4100/X4200 Servers Product Notes, 819-1162
Sun Fire X4100 M2/X4200 M2 Servers Product Notes, 819-5038
36
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
▼ To Connect to the Server Using the Service
Processor’s IP Address
Note – This procedure assumes that you have connected the server to your network
through an Ethernet cable.
1. If you have not already done so, determine the service processor’s IP address:
a. Power on main power to the platform by using a stylus to press the recessed
Power button on the front panel.
POST messages appear on your screen as the OS boots up.
b. Initialize the BIOS Setup utility by pressing the F2 key while the system is
performing the power-on self-test (POST).
c. When the main BIOS screen is displayed, select Advanced.
d. When the Advanced screen is displayed, select IPMI 2.0 Configuration.
When the IPMI 2.0 Configuration screen is displayed, select the LAN
Configuration menu item.
e. Select the IP Address menu item.
The service processor’s IP address is displayed using the following format:
Current IP address in BMC: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
2. Using a client system, establish a Secure Shell (SSH) connection to the service
processor’s IP address.
ssh -l root sp_ip_address
3. Log in to the service processor as an Administrator, for example:
login: root
password: changeme
4. To make Solaris display on the server VGA (video port), you must select it from
the GRUB boot loader menu, shown on page 35. To access the server serial port,
you must connect to the ILOM service processor CLI, and type:
start /SP/console
You may connect to the ILOM service processor CLI, using the serial management
port on the rear of the server, or by using ssh over the network.
5. If you have changed the SP serial port default settings, make sure you reset
them to the default settings.
Chapter 3
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
37
6. Follow the Solaris 10 on-screen prompts.
Use the information gathered in “Installation Worksheet” on page 32 to help you
enter the system and network information as you are prompted.
The screens that are displayed will vary, depending on the method that you chose
for assigning network information to the server (DHCP or static IP address).
After you have entered the system-configuration information, the server
completes the boot process and displays the Solaris login prompt.
▼ To Connect to the Server Using a Terminal
Program
1. Use a cable to connect the serial port of the server to the serial port of the host
system.
2. Make sure the communication properties of the serial port of the system are set
to the default.
The default settings are 9600 baud, 8N1 (eight data bits, no parity, one stop bit),
disable flow control.
3. Start a terminal session to capture the serial port output:
On a client running Solaris OS, type:
$tip -9600 /dev/ttya
On a client running Windows, start a program such as Hyperterminal.
On a client running Linux, start a program such as Minicom, a text-based serial
communication program that is included in the Linux distributions. For more
information, see the man pages included in the Linux distribution.
4. Log in to the service processor as an Administrator, for example:
login: root
password: changeme
5. Start the ILOM SP GUI by entering the following:
start /SP/console
6. Power on main power to the server by using a nonmetalic stylus to press the
recessed Power button on the front panel.
POST messages appear on your screen as the OS boots up.
38
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
7. Follow the Solaris 10 preinstallation on-screen prompts.
Use the information gathered in “Installation Worksheet” on page 32 to help you
enter the system and network information as you are prompted.
The screens that are displayed will vary, depending on the method that you chose
for assigning network information to the server (DHCP or static IP address).
After you have entered the system-configuration information, the server
completes the boot process and displays the Solaris login prompt.
Solaris 10 User Documentation
You can access the various collections of the Solaris 10 OS user documentation at:
http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/prod/solaris.10
Specifically, you can access the Solaris 10 OS Release and Installation Collection at:
http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/coll/1236.1
Downloading Solaris 10 OS Software
If you need to re-install the Solaris 10 OS after removing it, you can download the
CD or DVD image.
To download the CD or DVD image, see:
http://www.sun.com/software/solaris/get.jsp
Solaris 10 OS Training
Sun provides flexible training options that accommodate your personal schedule
and learning style. The training options include instructor-led, web-based online,
CD-ROM and Live Virtual Class. For Solaris 10 training and certification options at a
glance, please visit:
http://www.sun.com/training/catalog/solaris10.html
Chapter 3
Configuring the Preinstalled Solaris 10 Operating System
39
40
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008
Index
B
H
back panel cable connectors, 13
back panel illustration, 13
headless operation, 14
I
C
cable management assembly, 7
cables, 13
Cisco 72-3383-01 console cable, 15
client-side secure shell, 21
CMA assembly, 7
connectors, back panel, 13
D
default serial port speed, 15
driver updates, vi
Drivers for Option Cards, 29
E
emergency shutdown, 18
Ethernet connection to service processor, 23
Ethernet ports, 15
ILOM
client-side secure shell, 21
configuring with Ethernet, 23
configuring with serial, 21
configuring with static Ethernet, 26
introduction, 19
remote console application, 20
service processor firmware, 20
service processor hardware, 20
software components, 20
installation overview, 1
installing to a rack, 2
Integrated Lights Out Manager, see ILOM
Intel NIC, 15
M
main power, applying, 16
N
F
firmware updates, vi
flow control, 15
NET connectors, 15
Nvidia CK8-04 NIC, 15
O
G
Gigabit Ethernet ports, 15
graceful shutdown, 17
OS installation, references, 28
overview of installation, 1
41
P
power
powering off, 17
powering on main power, 16
powering on standby power, 16
product updates, vi
R
rack installation, 2
remote console application, 20
RJ45 port, 15
S
screen resolution, 14
serial connection to service processor, 21
service processor
configuring with Ethernet, 23
configuring with serial, 21
firmware, 20
hardware, 20
shutting down power, 17
slide-rail installation, 3
standby power, applying, 16
static Ethernet configuration, 26
Sun RJ45-to-DB9 adapter, 15
V
video monitor cable, 14
video redirection, 14
42
Sun Fire X4100/X4100 M2 and X4200/X4200 M2 Servers Installation • December 2008