bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and

bullx
R422-E2/R422-INF-E2
Installation and User's Guide
REFERENCE
86 A1 51FA 01
bullx
R422-E2/R422-INF-E2
Installation and User's Guide
Hardware
June 2010
BULL CEDOC
357 AVENUE PATTON
B.P.20845
49008 ANGERS CEDEX 01
FRANCE
REFERENCE
86 A1 51FA 01
The following copyright notice protects this book under Copyright laws which prohibit such actions as, but not limited
to, copying, distributing, modifying, and making derivative works.
Copyright © Bull SAS 2010
Copyright © Super Micro Computer, Inc., 2009
Printed in France
Trademarks and Acknowledgements
We acknowledge the rights of the proprietors of the trademarks mentioned in this manual.
All brand names and software and hardware product names are subject to trademark and/or patent protection.
Quoting of brand and product names is for information purposes only and does not represent trademark misuse.
Intel® and Xeon® are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
Windows® and Microsoft® software are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Linux® is a registered trademark of Linus Torwalds.
Phoenix® is a registered trademark of Phoenix Technologies.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Bull will not be liable for errors
contained herein, or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the use of this material.
Preface
Preface
About This Manual
This manual is written for professional system integrators and PC technicians. It
provides information for the installation and use of the bullx R422-E2/R422-INFE2. Installation and maintenance should be performed by experienced technicians only.
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 is a 1U Twin (two serverboards in a 1U chassis) rackmount server chassis and two R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboards. The
R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboards supports Intel® 5500 Series Processor
platform.
Manual Organization
Chapter 1: Introduction
The first chapter provides a checklist of the main components included with the
server system and describes the main features of the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2
serverboard and the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 chassis.
Chapter 2: Server Installation
This chapter describes the steps necessary to install the bullx R422-E2/R422INF-E2 into a rack and check out the server configuration prior to powering
up the system. If your server was ordered without the processor and memory
components, this chapter will refer you to the appropriate sections of the manual
for their installation.
Chapter 3: System Interface
Refer to this chapter for details on the system interface, which includes the functions and information provided by the control panel on the chassis as well as other
LEDs located throughout the system.
III
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Chapter 4: System Safety
You should thoroughly familiarize yourself with this chapter for a general overview
of safety precautions that should be followed when installing and servicing the
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2.
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Chapter 5 provides detailed information on the R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard,
including the locations and functions of connectors, headers and jumpers. Refer
to this chapter when adding or removing processors or main memory and when
reconfiguring the serverboard.
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Refer to Chapter 6 for detailed information on the R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 1U
rackmount server chassis. You should follow the procedures given in this chapter
when installing, removing or reconfiguring SAS/SATA or peripheral drives and
when replacing system power supply units and cooling fans.
Chapter 7: BIOS
The BIOS chapter includes an introduction to BIOS and provides detailed information on running the CMOS Setup Utility.
Appendix A: BIOS Error Beep Codes
Appendix B: Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Appendix D: System Specifications
IV
Preface
Notes
V
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
VI
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
1-1
Overview ......................................................................................................... 1-1
1-2
Serverboard Features ..................................................................................... 1-2
1-3
Server Chassis Features ................................................................................ 1-5
1-4
1U Twin: System Notes................................................................................... 1-6
Chapter 2. Server Installation
2-1
Overview ......................................................................................................... 2-1
2-2
Unpacking the System .................................................................................... 2-1
2-3
Preparing for Setup ......................................................................................... 2-1
2-4
Installing the System into a Rack ................................................................... 2-4
2-5
Checking the Serverboard Setup .................................................................... 2-9
2-6
Preparing to Power On ................................................................................. 2-10
Chapter 3. System Interface
3-1
Overview ......................................................................................................... 3-1
3-2
Control Panel Buttons ..................................................................................... 3-1
3-3
Control Panel LEDs ........................................................................................ 3-2
3-4
SATA Drive Carrier LEDs ................................................................................ 3-3
Chapter 4. System Safety
4-1
Electrical Safety Precautions .......................................................................... 4-1
4-2
General Safety Precautions ............................................................................ 4-2
4-3
ESD Precautions ............................................................................................. 4-3
4-4
Operating Precautions .................................................................................... 4-4
Chapter 5. Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-1
Handling the Serverboard ............................................................................... 5-1
5-2
Installing the Serverboard ............................................................................... 5-2
5-3
Connecting Cables .......................................................................................... 5-3
5-4
Control Panel Connectors/IO Ports................................................................. 5-5
5-5
Installing Processor and Heat Sink ................................................................. 5-6
5-6
Installing Memory .......................................................................................... 5-10
5-7
Adding PCI Cards ......................................................................................... 5-13
5-8
Serverboard Details ...................................................................................... 5-14
VII
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
5-9
Back Panel Connector Pin Definitions .......................................................... 5-17
5-10
Front Control Panel ....................................................................................... 5-22
5-11
Connecting Cables. ....................................................................................... 5-27
5-12
Jumper Settings ............................................................................................ 5-33
5-13
Onboard Indicators........................................................................................ 5-37
5-14
Serial ATA and PCI-E Connections ............................................................... 5-39
Chapter 6. Advanced Chassis Setup
6-1
Static-Sensitive Devices .................................................................................. 6-1
6-2
Control Panel .................................................................................................. 6-2
6-3
System Fans ................................................................................................... 6-3
6-4
Drive Bay Installation/Removal ....................................................................... 6-3
6-5
Power Supply .................................................................................................. 6-5
Chapter 7. BIOS
7-1
Introduction...................................................................................................... 7-1
7-2
Main Setup ...................................................................................................... 7-2
7-3
Advanced Setup Configurations...................................................................... 7-4
7-4
Security Settings ........................................................................................... 7-26
7-5
Boot Configuration ........................................................................................ 7-27
7-6
Exit Options ................................................................................................... 7-29
Appendix A. BIOS Error Beep Codes
Appendix B. Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Appendix C. Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Appendix D. System Specifications
VIII
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction
1-1
Overview
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 is a "1U Twin" server comprised of the 1U chassis
and two (twin) R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboards. Please refer to our web site
for information on operating systems that have been certified for use with the bullx
R422-E2/R422-INF-E2.
In addition to the serverboard and chassis, various hardware components may have
been included with the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2, as listed below.
•
•
Four (4) CPU heatsinks (SNK-P0017)
SATA Accessories:
Four (4) SATA hard drive carriers [MCP-220-00001-03(01)]
One (1) internal SATA backplane (BPN-SAS-808)
One (1) SATA cable set (CBL-0201L)
•
Two (2) PCI-E x16 riser cards (RSC-R1U-E16R)
•
Six (6) 4-cm high-performance fans (FAN-0085L)
•
•
Rackmount hardware with screws (CSE-PT51L):
Two (2) rack rail assemblies
Six (6) brackets for mounting the rack rails in a rack/telco rack
One (1) CD containing drivers and utilities
1-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
1-2
Serverboard Features
At the heart of the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 lies two R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 dual
processor serverboards, which are based on Intel's 5520 chipset. Below are the
main features of the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard. Note that the features
on each board are doubled for the server.
Processors
Each bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard supports two Intel® 5500 series
(LGA 1366) processors, each processor supporting two full-width Intel QuickPath
Interconnect (QPI) links with a total of up to 51.2 GT/s Data Transfer Rate (6.4
GT/s per direction). Please refer to our web site for a complete listing of supported
processors (http://www.bull.com).
Chipset
Intel 5520 chipset, including the 5520 (North Bridge) and the ICH10R (South
Bridge).
Memory
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard has twelve 240-pin DIMM sockets that
can support up to 48 GB of DDR3 registered ECC 1333/1066/800 MHz memory
(with maximum of 8 GB per DIMM module) (see Section 5.6 in Chapter 5 for DIMM
Module Population Configuration).
Serial ATA
The South Bridge (IOH-36D/ICH10R) of the 5520 chipset includes a Serial ATA
controller for 3 Gb/s SATA drives. The hot-swappable SATA drives are connected
to a backplane that provides power, bus termination and configuration settings.
RAID 0 and 1 are supported.
PCI Expansion Slots
Each bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard has one PCI-Express 2.0 x16 slot,
so two PCI-Express 2.0 x16 slots are provided in the server. In the bullx R422-E2/
R422-INF-E2 server configuration, riser cards have been pre-installed to support
two low-profile PCI-Express 2.0 x16 add-on cards.
1-2
Chapter 1: Introduction
Ethernet Ports
Two Intel® 82563EB network controllers are integrated into each of the serverboards to support a total of four Gigabit LAN ports (100/1000Base-T/1000BaseTX,
RJ45 output).
Onboard Controllers/Ports
Onboard I/O backpanel ports include one COM port, a VGA port, two USB ports,
two Gigabit LAN (NIC) ports and (on the bullx R422-INF-E2 only) an InfiniBand®
(MT25204 controller) 20 Gbps port. There are two sets of I/O ports included in the
server (one set for each severboard).
!
InfiniBand Port Bracket: The InfiniBand port bracket is a small "U" shaped bracket
that secures the connector to the I/O port shield. This allows the I/O shield, not
the serverboard, to support the cable's weight. The bracket can be found on the
connector itself.
When installing the serverboard, remove the bracket from the InfiniBand port. Slide
the port through the shield, and then replace the bracket to secure the port to the
I/O shield.
ATI Graphics Controller
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard features an integrated ATI video
controller based on the ES1000 graphics chip. The ES1000 was designed specifically for servers, featuring low power consumption, high reliability and superior
longevity.
Other Features
Other onboard features that promote system health include voltage monitors, a
chassis intrusion header, auto-switching voltage regulators, chassis and CPU
overheat sensors, virus protection and BIOS rescue.
1-3
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Figure 1-1. Intel 5500 Chipset:
System Block Diagram
Note: This is a general block diagram. Please see Chapter 5 for details.
1-4
Chapter 1: Introduction
1-3
Server Chassis Features
The following is a general outline of the main features of the 1U chassis. Details
on the chassis can be found in Chapter 6.
System Power
The bullx R422-E2 chassis includes a single 980W cold-swap power supply, which
provides the power to both serverboards housed in the chassis.
SATA Subsystem
The bullx R422-E2 chassis was designed to support four SATA hard drives, which
are hot-swappable units.
Control Panel
The bullx R422-E2 chassis features two independant control panels associated with
each serverboard in the chassis. Each control panel has LEDs to indicate power
on, network activity, hard disk drive activity and system overheat conditions. Each
control panel also includes a main power button and a system reset button.
Rear I/O Panel
The bullx R422-E2 chassis is a 1U rackmount chassis. Its I/O panel provides a slot
for two low-profile PCI-E x16 expansion cards, two COM ports, four USB ports, two
VGA ports and four Gb Ethernet ports. The bullx R422-INF-E2 also provides two
InfiniBand ports. See Chapter 6 for details.
Cooling System
The bullx R422-E2 chassis has an innovative cooling design that features two sets
of triple (for a total of six) 4-cm high-performance fans. A fan speed control setting
in BIOS allows fan speed to be determined by system temperature.
1-5
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
1-4
1U Twin: System Notes
As a 1U Twin configuration, the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 is a unique server system. With two system boards incorporated into a single chassis, there are several
points you should keep in mind.
System Power
A single power supply is used to provide the power for both serverboards. Each
serverboard however, can be shut down independently of the other with the power
button on its own control panel.
Although they share a common power supply, the I2C signals used for power supply
monitoring are received by the primary serverboard only. (When viewed from the
front of the chassis, the serverboard on the left is referred to as the primary board
and the serverboard on the right as the secondary.)
SATA Backplane/Drives
As a system, the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 supports the use of four SATA drives.
The SATA backplane works as a single backplane divided into two sections. This
means that while a single power connector is used and functions such as overheating apply to both sections together, each pair of SATA drives is logically connected
to its own serverboard. Consequently, RAID setup is limited to a two-drive scheme
(RAID cannot be spread across all four drives).
1-6
Chapter 2: Server Installation
Chapter 2. Server Installation
2-1
Overview
This chapter provides a quick setup checklist to get your bullx R422-E2/R422INF-E2 up and running. Following these steps in the order given should enable
you to have the system operational within a minimum amount of time. This quick
setup assumes that your system has come to you with the processors and memory
preinstalled. If your system is not already fully integrated with a serverboard, processors, system memory etc., please turn to the chapter or section noted in each
step for details on installing specific components.
2-2
Unpacking the System
You should inspect the box the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 was shipped in and
note if it was damaged in any way. If the server itself shows damage you should
file a damage claim with the carrier who delivered it.
Decide on a suitable location for the rack unit that will hold the bullx R422-E2/
R422-INF-E2. It should be situated in a clean, dust-free area that is well ventilated.
Avoid areas where heat, electrical noise and electromagnetic fields are generated.
You will also need it placed near a grounded power outlet. Be sure to read the
Rack and Server Precautions in the next section.
2-3
Preparing for Setup
The box the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 was shipped in should include two sets
of rail assemblies, two rail mounting brackets and the mounting screws you will
need to install the system into the rack. Follow the steps in the order given to
complete the installation process in a minimum amount of time. Please read this
section in its entirety before you begin the installation procedure outlined in the
sections that follow.
Choosing a Setup Location
•
•
Leave enough clearance in front of the rack to enable you to open the front
door completely (~63 cm/~25 inches).
Leave approximately 76 cm (30 inches) of clearance in the back of the rack to
allow for sufficient airflow and ease in servicing.
2-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
•
•
This product is for installation only in a Restricted Access Location (dedicated
equipment rooms, service closets and the like).
This product is not suitable for use with visual display work place devices
according to §2 of the the German Ordinance for Work with Visual Display
Units.
Rack Precautions
!
•
Warnings and Precautions!
!
Ensure that the leveling jacks on the bottom of the rack are fully extended to
the floor with the full weight of the rack resting on them.
•
In single rack installation, stabilizers should be attached to the rack.
•
In multiple rack installations, the racks should be coupled together.
•
Always make sure the rack is stable before extending a component from the
rack.
•
You should extend only one component at a time - extending two or more
simultaneously may cause the rack to become unstable.
Server Precautions
•
Review the electrical and general safety precautions in Chapter 4.
•
Determine the placement of each component in the rack before you install
the rails.
•
•
Install the heaviest server components on the bottom of the rack first, and
then work up.
Use a regulating uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect the server from
power surges, voltage spikes and to keep your system operating in case of a
power failure.
•
Allow the hot plug SATA drives and power supply modules to cool before
touching them.
2-2
Chapter 2: Server Installation
•
•
Always keep the rack's front door and all panels and components on the servers closed when not servicing to maintain proper cooling.
Make sure all power and data cables are properly connected and not blocking
the chassis airflow. See Chapter 5 for details on cable connections.
Rack Mounting Considerations
Ambient Operating Temperature
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the ambient operating temperature of the rack environment may be greater than the ambient temperature
of the room. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment
in an environment compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient
temperature (Tmra).
Reduced Airflow
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that the amount of airflow required
for safe operation is not compromised.
Mechanical Loading
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that a hazardous condition does not
arise due to uneven mechanical loading.
Circuit Overloading
Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the power
supply circuitry and the effect that any possible overloading of circuits might have
on overcurrent protection and power supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of
equipment nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
Reliable Ground
A reliable ground must be maintained at all times. To ensure this, the rack itself
should be grounded. Particular attention should be given to power supply connections other than the direct connections to the branch circuit (i.e. the use of
power strips, etc.).
2-3
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
2-4
Installing the System into a Rack
This section provides information on installing the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 into
a rack unit with the rack rails provided. If the system has already been mounted
into a rack, you can skip ahead to Sections 2-5 and 2-6. There are a variety of rack
units on the market, which may mean the assembly procedure will differ slightly.
You should also refer to the installation instructions that came with the rack unit
you are using.
Identifying the Sections of the Rack Rails
The chassis package includes two rack rail assemblies in the rack mounting kit.
Each assembly consists of two sections: an inner fi xed chassis rail that secures
directly to the server chassis and an outer fi xed rack rail that secures directly to
the rack itself..
Figure 2-1. Identifying the Sections of the Rack Rails
(right side rail shown)
Installing the Inner Rails
Both the left and right side inner rails have been pre-attached to the chassis. Proceed to the next step.
2-4
Chapter 2: Server Installation
Figure 2-2. Identifying the Sections of the Rack Rails
(right side rail shown)
Figure 2-3. Identifying the Sections of the Rack Rails
(right side rail shown)
2-5
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Installing the Inner Rail Extension
The chassis includes a set of inner rails in two sections: inner rails and inner rail
extensions. The inner rails are preattached and do not interfere with normal use of
the chassis if you decide not to use a server rack. Attach the inner rail extension
to stabilize the chassis within the rack.
To install the inner rails:
1. Place the inner rack extensions on the side of the chassis aligning the hooks
of the chassis with the rail extension holes. Make sure the extension faces
"outward" just like the preattached inner rail.
2. Slide the extension toward the front of the chassis.
3. Secure the chassis with 2 screws as illustrated.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 for the other inner rail extensionT
Figure 2-4. Assembling the Outer Rails
2-6
Chapter 2: Server Installation
To install the outer rails of the rack:
1. Attach the short bracket to the outside of the long bracket. You must align the
pins with the slides. Also, both bracket ends must face the same direction.
2. Adjust both the short and long brackets to the proper distance so that the rail
fi ts snugly into the rack.
3. Secure the long bracket to the front side of the outer rail with two M5 screwsand the short bracket to the rear side of the outer rail with three M5 screws.
4. Repeat steps 1-3 for the other outer rail.
2-7
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Installing the Server into the Rack
You should now have rails attached to both the chassis and the rack unit. The next
step is to install the server into the rack. Do this by lining up the rear of the chassis
rails with the front of the rack rails. Slide the chassis rails into the rack rails, keeping
the pressure even on both sides (you may have to depress the locking tabs when
inserting). See Figure 2-5.
When the server has been pushed completely into the rack, you should hear the
locking tabs "click". Finish by inserting and tightening the thumbscrews that hold
the front of the server to the rack.
Figure 2-5. Installing the Server into a Rack
To install the chassis into a rack:
1. Confirm that chassis includes the inner rails (A) and rail extensions (B). Also,
confirm that the outer rails (C) are installed on the rack.
2. Line chassis rails (A and B) with the front of the rack rails (C).
3. Slide the chassis rails into the rack rails, keeping the pressure even on both
sides (you may have to depress the locking tabs when inserting). When the
server has been pushed completely into the rack, you should hear the locking
tabs "click".
4. (Optional) Insert and tightening the thumbscrews that hold the front of the
server to the rack.
2-8
Chapter 2: Server Installation
2-5
Checking the Serverboard Setup
After you install the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 in the rack, you will need to open
the top cover to make sure the serverboard is properly installed and all the connections have been made.
Accessing the Inside of the System
1. Release the retention screws that secure the system to the rack.
2. Grasp the two handles on either side and pull the system straight out until it
locks (you will hear a "click").
3. Remove the four screws (two on the sides and two on the top) that secure
the top cover to the chassis. Place your thumbs in the two rectangular recesses and push the cover away from you (toward the rear of the chassis) until it
stops. You can then lift the top cover from the chassis to gain full access to
the inside of the server (see Figure 2-6).
4. To remove the system from the rack completely, depress the locking tabs in
the chassis rails (push the right-side tab down and the left-side tab up) to
continue to pull the system out past the locked position.
Checking the Components and Setup
1. You may have one or two processors already installed in each of the two
serverboards. Each processor needs its own heatsink. See Chapter 5 for
instructions on processor and heatsink installation.
2. Your server system may have come with system memory already installed.
Make sure all DIMMs are fully seated in their slots. For details on adding
system memory, refer to Chapter 5.
3. You can install two add-on cards to the system. See Chapter 5 for details on
installing PCI add-on cards.
4. Make sure all power and data cables are properly connected and not blocking
the chassis airflow. See Chapter 5 for details on cable connections.
2-9
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
2-6
Preparing to Power On
Next, you should check to make sure the peripheral drives and the SATA drives
and SATA backplane have been properly installed and all connections have been
made.
Checking the SATA drives
1. All drives are accessable from the front of the server. The SATA disk drives
can be installed and removed from the front of the chassis without removing
the top chassis cover.
2. Depending upon your system's configuration, your system may have one or
two drives already installed. If you need to install SATA drives, please refer to
Chapter 6.
Checking the Airflow
1. Airflow is provided by six sets of 4-cm fans (each set of fans consists of two
fans that are mounted back to back) and an air shroud. The system component layout was carefully designed to direct sufficient cooling airflow to the
components that generate the most heat.
2. Note that all power and data cables have been routed in such a way that they
do not block the airflow generated by the fans.
Providing Power
1. Plug the power cords from the power supplies unit into a high-quality power
strip that offers protection from electrical noise and power surges.
2. It is recommended that you use an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
3. Finally, depress the power on button on the front of the chassis.
2-10
Chapter 2: Server Installation
Figure 2-6. Accessing the Inside of the System
2-11
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Notes
2-12
Chapter 3: System Interface
Chapter 3. System Interface
3-1
Overview
There are several LEDs on the two control panels as well as others on the SATA
drive carriers to keep you constantly informed of the overall status of the system as
well as the activity and health of specific components. There are also two buttons
on each control panel. This chapter explains the meanings of all LED indicators
and the appropriate response you may need to take. Note that the server has two
control panels, one for each serverboard installed in the system. This allows each
severboard to be controlled independently of the other.
3-2
Control Panel Buttons
There are two push-buttons located on each control panel: a reset button and a
power on/off button.
Reset
Depressing the reset button will reboot only the serverboard it is associated with.
Power
This is the main power button, which is used to apply or turn off the main system
power only to the serverboard it is connected to. Depressing this button removes
the main power but keeps standby power supplied to the serverboard.
3-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
3-3
Control Panel LEDs
Each of the two control panels located on the front of the bullx R422-E2/R422-INFE2 chassis has five LEDs. Each LED provides you with critical information related
its own specific serverboard. This section explains what each LED indicates when
illuminated and any corrective action you may need to take.
Overheat/Fan Fail
When this LED flashes, it indicates a fan failure. When on continuously it indicates
an overheat condition, which may be caused by cables obstructing the airflow in
the system or the ambient room temperature being too warm. Check the routing of
the cables and make sure all fans are present and operating normally. You should
also check to make sure that the chassis covers are installed. Finally, verify that
the heatsinks are installed properly (see Chapter 5). This LED will remain flashing
or on as long as the indicated condition exists.
2
NIC2
Indicates network activity on LAN2 when flashing
1
NIC1
Indicates network activity on LAN1 when flashing.
HDD
Channel activity for the hard disk drives. This light indicates SATA drive activity
on the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 when flashing.
3-2
Chapter 3: System Interface
Power
Indicates power is being supplied to the system's power supply unit. This LED
should normally be illuminated when the system is operating.
3-4
SATA Drive Carrier LEDs
Each SATA drive carrier has two LEDs.
•
Green: When illuminated, the green LED on the front of the SATA drive carrier
indicates drive activity. A connection to the SATA backplane enables this LED
to blink on and off when that particular drive is being accessed.
•
Red: The red LED to indicate an SAS/SATA drive failure. If one of the SAS/
SATA drive fails, you should be notified by your system management software..
3-3
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Notes
3-4
Chapter 4: System Safety
Chapter 4. System Safety
4-1
Electrical Safety Precautions
!
Basic electrical safety precautions should be followed to protect yourself from
harm and the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 from damage:
•
•
•
•
Be aware of the locations of the power on/off switch on the chassis as well
as the room's emergency power-off switch, disconnection switch or electrical
outlet. If an electrical accident occurs, you can then quickly remove power
from the system.
Do not work alone when working with high voltage components.
Power should always be disconnected from the system when removing or installing main system components, such as the serverboard, memory modules
and floppy drive. When disconnecting power, you should first power down the
system with the operating system first and then unplug the power cords of all
the power supply units in the system.
When working around exposed electrical circuits, another person who is
familiar with the power-off controls should be nearby to switch off the power
if necessary.
•
Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment. This
is to avoid making a complete circuit, which will cause electrical shock. Use
extreme caution when using metal tools, which can easily damage any electrical components or circuit boards they come into contact with.
•
Do not use mats designed to decrease static electrical discharge as protection
from electrical shock. Instead, use rubber mats that have been specifically
designed as electrical insulators.
•
The power supply power cords must include a grounding plug and must be
plugged into grounded electrical outlets.
4-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
•
Serverboard Battery: CAUTION - There is a danger of explosion if the onboard
battery is installed upside down, which will reverse its polarites (see Figure
4-1). This battery must be replaced only with the same or an equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer's instructions.
•
Mainboard replaceable soldered-in fuses: Self-resetting PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) fuses on the mainboard must be replaced by trained service
technicians only. The new fuse must be the same or equivalent as the one
replaced. Contact technical support for details and support.
4-2
General Safety Precautions
!
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
•
•
•
Keep the area around the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 clean and free of clutter.
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 weighs approximately 40 lbs (~18.2 kg) when
fully loaded. When lifting the system, two people at either end should lift slowly
with their feet spread out to distribute the weight. Always keep your back straight
and lift with your legs.
Place the chassis top cover and any system components that have been
removed away from the system or on a table so that they won't accidentally
be stepped on.
•
•
•
While working on the system, do not wear loose clothing such as neckties and
unbuttoned shirt sleeves, which can come into contact with electrical circuits
or be pulled into a cooling fan.
Remove any jewelry or metal objects from your body, which are excellent metal
conductors that can create short circuits and harm you if they come into contact
with printed circuit boards or areas where power is present.
After accessing the inside of the system, close the system back up and secure
it to the rack unit with the retention screws after ensuring that all connections
have been made.
4-2
Chapter 4: System Safety
4-3
ESD Precautions
!
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is generated by two objects with different electrical
charges coming into contact with each other. An electrical discharge is created to
neutralize this difference, which can damage electronic components and printed
circuit boards. The following measures are generally sufficient to neutralize this
difference before contact is made to protect your equipment from ESD:
•
•
•
•
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
Keep all components and printed circuit boards (PCBs) in their antistatic bags
until ready for use.
Touch a grounded metal object before removing the board from the antistatic
bag.
Do not let components or PCBs come into contact with your clothing, which may
retain a charge even if you are wearing a wrist strap.
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips,
memory modules or contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard and peripherals back into their antistatic bags when not
in use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent
conductivity between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and
the serverboard.
4-3
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
4-4
Operating Precautions
!
Care must be taken to assure that the chassis cover is in place when the NovaScale R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 is operating to assure proper cooling. Out of warranty
damage to the system can occur if this practice is not strictly followed.
Figure 4-1. Installing the Onboard Battery
LITHIUM BATTERY
LITHIUM BATTERY
OR
BATTERY HOLDER
BATTERY HOLDER
Battery model: CR2032 3 Volts or equivalent type (Varta, Sony, Matsushita, Panasonic, FDK).
4-4
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Chapter 5. Advanced Serverboard Setup
This chapter covers the steps required to install the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2
serverboard into the chassis, connect the data and power cables and install add-on
cards. All serverboard jumpers and connections are also described. A layout and
quick reference chart are included in this chapter for your reference. Remember to
completely close the chassis when you have finished working with the serverboard
to better cool and protect the system.
5-1
Handling the Serverboard
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electronic components. To prevent
damage to any printed circuit boards (PCBs), it is important to handle them very
carefully (see previous chapter). To prevent the serverboard from bending, keep
one hand under the center of the board to support it when handling. The following
measures are generally sufficient to protect your equipment from electric static
discharge.
Precautions
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent Electrostatic Discharge
(ESD).
•
•
•
•
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic
bag.
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral
chips, memory modules or gold contacts.
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
Put the serverboard, add-on cards and peripherals back into their antistatic
bags when not in use.
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent
conductivity between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and
the serverboard.
5-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Unpacking
The serverboard is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid electrostatic discharge.
When unpacking the board, make sure the person handling it is static protected.
5-2
Installing the Serverboard
This section explains the first step of physically mounting the serverboard into the
chassis. Following the steps in the order given will eliminate the most common
problems encountered in such an installation. To remove the serverboard, follow
the procedure in reverse order.
Accessing the Inside of the System
1. Remove all four screws securing the top cover of the chassis: two at the top
rear of the cover and one on each side lip, also near the back.
2. Place both thumbs in the indentations and push the cover back until it slides
off.
3. Lift the top cover from the chassis to gain full access to the inside of the
server. (If already installed in a rack, you must first release the retention
screws that secure the unit to the rack, then grasp the two handles on either
side and pull the unit straight out until the rails lock into place. See Figure
2-5.)
Check Compatibility of Serverboard Ports and I/O Shield
Make sure that the I/O ports on the serverboards align properly with their respective holes in the I/O shield at the back of the chassis when installing.
Mounting the Serverboard onto the Serverboard Tray
1. Carefully mount the serverboards by aligning the board holes with the raised
metal standoffs that are visible in the chassis.
2. Insert screws into all the mounting holes on your serverboards that line up
with the standoffs and tighten until snug (if you screw them in too tight, you
might strip the threads).
3. Metal screws provide an electrical contact to the serverboard ground to
provide a continuous ground for the system.
5-2
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-3
Connecting Cables
Now that the serverboards are installed, the next step is to connect the cables to
the boards. These include the data cables for the peripherals and control panel
and the power cables.
Connecting Data Cables
The cables used to transfer data from the peripheral devices have been carefully
routed to prevent them from blocking the flow of cooling air that moves through
the system from front to back. If you need to disconnect any of these cables, you
should take care to keep them routed as they were originally after reconnecting
them (make sure the red wires connect to the pin 1 locations). The following data
cables (with their locations noted) should be connected. (See the serverboard
layout for connector locations.) Note that each connection listed should be made
for both serverboards in the chassis.
•
SATA drive cables (I-SATA0 ~ I-SATA1)
•
Control Panel cable (JF1)
Connecting Power Cables
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 serverboard has two 20-pin ATX power supply connectors for connection to the ATX power supply. Only one of these from
each board should be connected to the power supply. The "Primary ATX Power
Header" is used to supply power to the primary serverboard and the "Secondary ATX Power Header" is used to supply power to the secondary serverboard.
Connect the power supply to only one of these on both boards (primary = left,
secondary = right when viewed from front of server). See Section 5-9 for power
connector pin definitions.
5-3
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Connecting the Control Panel
JF1 contains header pins for various front control panel connectors. See Figure
5-1 for the pin locations of the various front control panel buttons and LED indicators. All JF1 wires have been bundled into a single ribbon cable to simplify
this connection. Make sure the red wire plugs into pin 1 as marked on the board.
The other end connects to the Control Panel PCB board, located just behind the
system status LEDs on the chassis.
Figure 5-1. Control Panel Header Pins
20
19
Ground
NMI
x (Key)
x (Key)
Power On LED
Vcc
HDD LED
Vcc
NIC1 LED
Vcc
NIC2 LED
Vcc
OH/Fan Fail LED
Vcc
Power Fail LED
Vcc
Ground
Reset (Button)
Ground
Power (Button)
2
5-4
1
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-4
Control Panel Connectors/IO Ports
The I/O ports are color coded in conformance with the PC 99 specifi cation. See
the picture below for the colors and locations of the various I/O ports.
Figure 5-2. Back Panel Connectors/IO Ports
1.
USB 0
2.
USB 1
3
IPMI_dedicated LAN (R422-E2/
R422-INF-E2)
4.
LAN 1
5.
LAN 2
6.
COM Port 1 (Black)
7.
VGA (Blue)
8.
Infiniband (R422-INF-E2)
9.
UID switch
5-5
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
5-5
Installing Processor and Heat Sink
!
When handling the processor package, avoid placing direct pressure on
the label area of the fan.
Notes:
1. Always connect the power cord last and always remove it before adding,
removing or changing any hardware components. Make sure that you install
the processor into the CPU socket before you install the CPU heatsink.
2. Make sure to install the motherboard into the chassis before you install the
CPU heatsink and heatsink fans.
3. When purchasing a 5500 Series processor or when receiving a motherboard
with a 5500 Series processor pre-installed, make sure that the CPU plastic
cap is in place, and none of the CPU pins are bent; otherwise, contact the
retailer immediately.
4. Refer to the MB Features Section for more details on CPU support.
Installing an LGA 1366 Processor
1. Press the socket clip to release
the load plate, which covers the CPU
socket, from its locking position..
Socket clip
Load plate
2. Gently lift the socket clip to open the
load plate.
Plastic cap
3. Hold the plastic cap at its north and
south center edges to remove it from
the CPU socket.
Hold the north and south edges of
the plastic cap to remove it
5-6
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
CPU
4. After removing the plastic cap, using your thumb and the index finger ,
CPU Socket
hold the CPU at the north and south
center edges.
5. Align the CPU key, the semi-circle
cutout, against the socket key, the
notch below the gold color dot on the
Socket keys
side of the socket.
6. Once both the CPU and the socket
are aligned, carefully lower the CPU
straight down into the socket. (Do not
rub the CPU against the surface of
the socket or its pins to avoid damaging the CPU or the socket.).
CPU keys
7. With the CPU inside the socket,
inspect the four corners of the CPU
to make sure that the CPU is properly
installed..
8. Once the CPU is securely seated
on the socket, lower the CPU load
plate to the socket.
9. Use your thumb to gently push the
socket clip down to the clip lock..
must be shipped with the
plastic cap properly installed
to protect the CPU socket
pins. Shipment without the
plastic cap properly installed
will cause damage to the
socket pins..
Load Plate
!
Warning: Please save the
plastic cap. The motherboard
5-7
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Installing a CPU Heatsink
1. Do not apply any thermal grease to
the heatsink or the CPU die because
the required amount has already been
applied.
Screw #2
Screw #1
2. Place the heatsink on top of the
CPU so that the four mounting holes
are aligned with those on the retention
mechanism.
Screw #1
Install Screw #1
3. Install two diagonal screws (ie the
#1 and the #2 screws) and tighten
them until just snug (-do not fully
tighten the screws to avoid possible
damage to the CPU.)
4. Finish the installation by fully tightening all four screws.
5-8
Screw #2
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Removing the Heatsink
!
Warning: We do not recommend that the CPU or the heatsink be
removed. However, if you do need to remove the heatsink, please follow
the instructions below to uninstall the heatsink and prevent damage to
the CPU or other components.
1. Unplug the power cord from the
power supply.
2. Disconnect the heatsink fan wires
from the CPU fan header.
3. Using a screwdriver, loosen and
remove the heatsink screws from
the motherboard in the sequence as
show in the picture on the right.
Using a screwdriver to
remove Screw #1
4. Hold the heatsink as shown in
the picture on the right and gently
wriggle the heatsink to loosen it from
the CPU. (Do not use excessive force
when wriggling the heatsink.)
Remove Screw #2
5. Once the heatsink is loosened,
remove it from the CPU socket.
6. To reinstall the CPU and the
heatsink, clean the surface
of the CPU and the heatsink to
get rid of the old thermal grease.
Reapply the proper amount of thermal
grease on the surface before reinstalling them on the motherboard.
5-9
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
5-6
Installing Memory
CAUTION
Exercise extreme care when installing or removing DIMM
modules to prevent any possible damage. Also note that the
memory is interleaved to improve performance (See step 1).
Installing a DIMM
1. Insert the desired number of DIMMs into the memory slots, starting with
P1-DIMM 1A. For best memory performance, please install memory modules
of the same type and same speed on the memory slots as indicated on the
tables below. (See the Memory Installation Table Below.)
2. Insert each DIMM module vertically into its slot. Pay attention to the notch
along the bottom of the module to prevent inserting the DIMM module incorrectly.
3. Gently press down on the DIMM module until it snaps into place in the slot.
Repeat for all modules.
Memory Population for Optimal Performance
For a motherboard with One CPU (CPU1) installed
Branch 0
3 DIMMs
P1-DIMM1A
6 DIMMs
P1-DIMM1A
Branch 1
Branch 2
P1-DIMM2A
P1-DIMM1B
P1-DIMM2A
P1-DIMM3A
P1-DIMM2B
P1-DIMM3A
P1-DIMM3B
Memory Population for Optimal Performance
For a motherboard with One CPU (CPU2) installed
Branch 0
3 DIMMs
P2-DIMM1A
6 DIMMs
P2-DIMM1A
Branch 1
Branch 2
P2-DIMM2A
P2-DIMM1B
P2-DIMM2A
P2-DIMM3A
P2-DIMM2B
P2-DIMM3A
P2-DIMM3B
Memory Population for Optimal Performance
For a motherboard with Two CPUs installed
CPU1
Branch 0
6 DIMMs
1A
12 DIMMs
1A
Branch 1
2A
1B
2A
CPU2
Branch 3
3A
2B
3B
Branch 0
1A
3B
5-10
1A
Branch 1
2A
1B
2A
Branch 3
3A
2B
3A
3B
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Memory Support
The R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 supports up to 48 GB Registered ECC DDR3 1333
MHz/1066 MHz/800 MHz in 12 DIMMs (w/maximum of 4 GB per DIMM). Also,
memory speed support is dependent on the type of CPU used on the board.
DIMM Module Population Configuration
For memory to work properly, follow the tables below for memory installation:
DIMM Population Table
DIMM
Slots per
Channel
DIMMS
Populated
per Channel
DIMM Type
Reg.=Registered
Speeds (in MHz)
Ranks per DIMM
Any combination:
SR=Single Rank,
DR=Dual Rank,
QR=Quad Rank.
2
1
Reg. DDR3 ECC
800, 1066, 1333
SR or DR
2
1
Reg. DDR3 ECC
800, 1066
QR
2
2
Reg. DDR3 ECC
800, 1066
Mixing SR, DR
2
2
Reg. DDR3 ECC
800
Mixing SR, DR, QR
Note 1: Due to OS limitations, some operating systems may
not show more than 4 GB of memory.
Note 2: Due to memory allocation to system devices, the
amount of memory that remains available for operational use
will be reduced when 4 GB of RAM is used. The reduction in
memory availability is disproportional.
Possible System Memory Allocation & Availability
System Device
Size
Physical Memory Available
(4 GB Total System Memory)
Firmware Hub flash memory (System BIOS)
1 MB
3.99 GB
Local APIC
4 KB
3.99 GB
Area Reserved for the chipset
2 MB
3.99 GB
I/O APIC (4 Kbytes)
4 KB
3.99 GB
PCI Enumeration Area 1
256 MB
3.76 GB
PCI Express (256 MB)
256 MB
3.51 GB
PCI Enumeration Area 2 (if needed) -Aligned on
256-MB boundary-
512 MB
3.01 GB
VGA Memory
16 MB
2.85 GB
TSEG
1 MB
2.84 GB
Memory available to OS & other applications
5-11
2.84 GB
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Installing and Removing DIMMs
To install: Insert module vertically and press down until it
snaps into place. Pay attention to the alignment notch at
the bottom.
To Remove: Use your thumbs to gently push the release
tabs near both ends of the module. This should release it
from the slot.
Figure 5-3. DIMM Installation
5-12
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-7
Adding PCI Cards
PCI-Express 2.0 Slot
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 includes two preinstalled riser cards. These riser
cards support two low-profile PCI-Express 2.0 (second generation PCI-E) cards to
fit inside the chassis.
PCI Card Installation
The riser card has already been preinstalled into the serverboard. Perform the following steps to add a PCI add-on card:
1. Remove the PCI slot shield on the chassis by releasing the locking tab.
2. Insert the add-on card into the riser card.
3. Secure the add-on card with the locking tab.
5-13
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
5-8
Serverboard Details
Figure 5-4. bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Layout
5-14
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Serverboard Quick Reference
Jumper
Description
Default Setting
JBT1
CMOS Clear
(See page 5-34)
JPEN1
Normal Power Enable*
Pins 1-2 (Enabled)
JPG1
VGA Enable
Pins 1-2 (Enabled)
JPL1
LAN1/2 Enable
Pins 1-2 (Enabled)
J_UID_OW
JWD
Red LED OW (Pins 7/8 of JF1)
(see page 5-36)
Watch Dog
Off (Overwrites)
Pins 1-2 (Reset)
* To use Hot-swap support on the 827 chassis, connect a cable to pins 2~3 on
JPEN1. Close pins 1~2 of JPEN1 with a cap to use regular PWR setting.
Connector
Description
COM1
COM1 Serial Port
FAN 1-4
System/CPU Fan Headers
InfiniBand
InfiniBand Connector (R422-INF-E2)
IPMB
IPMB Header (for an IPMI Card)
(R422-E2/R422-INF-E2)
J119
infiniBand I²C Debug Header (R422-INF-E2)
JF1
Front Panel Connector
JNM1
NMI (Non-Maskable Interrupt) Header
JP10
Onboard 4-pin Power Connector
JPSK1
Internal Speakzer/Buzzer Header
JWR1/JWR2
12V 20-pin Power Connector (see page 5-27)
JWOL1
Wake-On-LAN Header
LAN1/2
Gigabit Ethernet (RJ45) Ports
(IPMI dedicated) LAN
LAN (RJ45) Port for IPMI 2.0
(R422-E2/R422-INF-E2)
SATA0 ~ SATA5
(Intel South Bridge) SATA Ports
SMBus
System Management Bus (SMBus) I²C Header (J18)
SW1
Unit Identifier Switch
5-15
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
T-SGPIO-0/T-SGPIO-1
Serial General Purpose Input/Output Headers
USB0/1
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Ports 0/1, 2/3
VGA
Video Port
LED
Description
LE2
Onboard Standby PWR warning LED Indicator
!
Warning: To avoid possible system overheating, please be sure to provide
adequate airflow to your system.
5-16
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-9
Back Panel Connector Pin Definitions
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
Back Panel USB 0/1 Pin Definitions
Two Universal Serial Bus ports (USB
0/1) are located on the I/O back panel.
Additional two USB connections (USB
2/3) are used to provide front chassis access. Connect USB cables to
Pin#
Definition
1
+5V
5
+5V
2
USB_PN1
6
USB_PN0
3
USB_PP1
7
USB_PP0
4
Ground
8
Ground
these USB ports/headers to use USB
connections. (USB cables are not
included). See the tables on the right
Pin #
Definition
Front Panel USB 2/3 Pin Definitions
for pin definitions.
Pin#
Definition
1
+5V
5
+5V
2
USB_PN2
7
USB_PN3
3
USB_PP2
8
USB_PP
4
Ground
9
Ground
5
No Connection
10
Key
1: USB 0
2: USB 1
3: USB 2/3
5-17
Pin #
Definition
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Ethernet Ports
LAN Ports Pin Definitions
Two Ethernet ports are located next to
the USB 0/1 on the IO Backplane. In
addition, an IPMI Dedicated LAN is located above the USB ports 0/1. These
ports accept RJ45 type cables.
Pin #
Definition
Pin #
Definition
1
P2V5SB
10
SGND
2
TD0+
11
Act LED
3
TD0-
12
P3V3SB
4
TD1+
13
Link 100 LED
(Yellow, +3V3SB)
5
TD1-
14
Link 1000 LED
(Yellow, +3V3SB)
6
TD2+
15
Ground
7
TD2-
16
Ground
8
TD3+
17
Ground
9
TD3-
18
Ground
Notes:
1. The IPMI Dedicated LAN is for
R22-E2/R422-INF-E2)
2. Please refer to the LED Indicator
Section for LAN LED information.
1: LAN1
2: LAN2
3: IPMI Dedicated LAN
5-18
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Serial Ports
Serial Ports Pin Definitions (COM1)
A COM Port is located on the IO
Backplane. See the table on the right
for pin definitions..
Pin #
Definition
Pin #
Definition
1
CDC
6
DSR
2
RXD
7
RTS
3
TXD
8
CTS
4
DTR
9
RI
5
Ground
10
NC
NC: No Connection
Video Connector
A Video (VGA) connector is located
next to the COM Port on the IO
backplane. This connector is used
to provide video and CRT display.
Refer to the board layout below for
the location.
1: COM Port
2: VGA Port
5-19
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
InfiniBand Connecttion
(R422-INF-E2)
InfiniBand Pin Definitions
The onboard InfiniBand connector
is located on the backplane on the
Pin #
Definition
Pin #
Definition
S1
Input Pair0:Pos
S9
Input Pair3:Pos
motherboard. This switch is primarily
used for High-performance comput-
S2
Input Pair0: Neg
S10
Input Pair3: Neg
S3
Input Pair1:Pos
S11
Input Pair2:Pos
ing. See the table on the right for pin
definitions..
S4
Input Pair1: Neg
S12
Input Pair2: Neg
S5
Input Pair2:Pos
S13
Input Pair1:Pos
S6
Input Pair2: Neg
S14
Input Pair1: Neg
S7
Input Pair3:Pos
S15
Input Pair0:Pos
S8
Input Pair3: Neg
S16
Input Pair0: Neg
1: InfiniBand
5-20
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Unit Identifier Switches
UID Switch
Two Unit Identifier (UID) Switches and LED Indicators
are located on the motherboard. The Front Panel UID
Switch is located at Pin 13 on the Front Control Panel
(JF1). The Rear UID Switch is located at SW1 next to
the Infi niBand Connector. The Front Panel UID LED is
located at Pin 7 of JF1, and the Rear UID LED is located
at LE4. When you press a UID switch on the front panel
Pin#
Definition
1
Ground
2
Ground
3
Button In
4
Ground
or on the back panel, both Rear UID LED and Front
Panel UID LED Indicators will be turned on. Press the
UID switch again to turn off both LED Indicators. These
UID Indicators provide easy identifi cation of a system
unit that may be in need of service. See the table on
the right for pin definitions.
Note: UID LED is supported by the physical
switch or the BMC. When it is controlled by
the physical switch, it will stay solid. When it is
controlled by the BMC, it will blink.
1: UID Switch
2: FP UID Switch & UID LED
5-21
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
5-10 Front Control Panel
JF1 contains header pins for various buttons and indicators that are normally located on a control panel at the front of the chassis. These connectors are designed
specifi cally for use with Supermicro server chassis. See the figure below for the
descriptions of the various control panel buttons and LED indicators. Refer to the
following section for descriptions and pin definitions.
5-22
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Front Control Panel Pin Definitions
Power LED
The Power LED connection is located on pins 15 and
16 of JF1. Refer to the table on the right for pin definitions.
Power LED Pin Definitions
(JF1)
Pin#
Definition
15
+3.3V SB
16
PWR LED
HDD/FP UID Switch
The HDD/UID Switch connections are located on pins
HDD/UID Switch Pin
Definitions (JF1)
13/14 of JF1. Attach a hard-drive LED cable to display
HDD or SATA activities. This connection can also be
used as a front panel UID (Unit Identifi er) switch. The
Pin#
Definition
1
UID Signal/3.3V
UID LED on Pin 7 of JF1 works in conjunction with
2
HDD Active
this UID Switch. When the user presses and releases
the UID switch, the UID LED will be turned on or off
to indicate the location of the unit. (Refer to Page 5-25
for more details.)
A: PWR LED
B: HDD LED/FP UID Switch LED
5-23
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
NIC1 LED Indicator
The NIC (Network Interface Controller) LED connections for GLAN port 1 are located on pins 11 and 12
of JF1. Attach a NIC LED cable to display LAN Port1
connections and activities. Refer to the table on the
GLAN1 LED Pin Definitions
(JF1)
Pin#
Definition
11
NIC1 Activity
12
NIC1 Link
right for pin definitions.
NIC2 LED Indicator
The Network LED connections for GLAN port 2 are
located on pins 9 and 10 of JF1. Attach a NIC LED
cable to display LAN Port2 connections and activities.
Refer to the table on the right for pin definitions
A: NIC1 LED
B: NIC2 LED
5-24
GLAN2 LED Pin Definitions
(JF1)
Pin#
Definition
9
NIC2 Activity
10
NIC2 Link
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Overheat (OH)/Fan Fail/UID LED
Connect an LED cable to pins 7 and 8 of JF1 to use
the Overheat/Fan Fail/Power Fail and UID LED connections. The Red LED on pin 8 provides warnings of
an overheat, fan failure or power failure. The Blue LED
on pin 7 works as the UID LED indicator for the front
panel UID switch located on pins 13~14 of JF1. When
Jumper J_UID_OW is set to off (default), the Red LED
takes precedence over the Blue LED. Refer to the table
on the right for pin definitions.
OH/Fan Fail/PWR Fail/
Blue_UID LED Pin
Definitions (JF1)
Pin# Definition
7
Blue_LED_Cathode
(UID)/5.5V.SB
8
OH/Fan fail/PWR Fail/
UID LED (red)
OH/Fan Fail/PWR Fail LED
Status (Red LED)
State
Definition
Off
Normal
On
Overheat
Flashing
Fan Fail
Power Fail LED
The Power Fail LED connection is located on pins 5
and 6 of JF1. Refer to the table on the right for pin
definitions.
PWR Fail LED Pin
Definitions (JF1)
Pin #
Definition
5
3.3V
6
PWR Fail LED
A: OH/Fan Fail/PWR Fail/UID LED
B: PWR Supply Fail
5-25
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Reset Button
The Reset Button connection is located on pins 3 and
4 of JF1. Attach it to a hardware reset switch on the
computer case. Refer to the table on the right for pin
definitions.
Reset Button Pin
Definitions (JF1)
Pin#
Definition
3
Reset
4
Ground
Power Button
Power Button Pin
Definitions (JF1)
The Power Button connection is located on pins 1 and
2 of JF1. Momentarily contacting both pins will power
on/off the system. This button can also be confi gured
to function as a suspend button (with a setting in the
BIOS). To turn off the power when set to suspend
mode, press the button for at least 4 seconds. Refer
to the table on the right for pin definitions.
A: Reset Button
B: PWR Button
5-26
Pin#
Definition
1
PWR
2
Ground
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-11 Connecting Cables.
20-pin Proprietary Power Connectors
There are two 20-pin main power supply connectors (PWR1, PWR2) and a 4-pin auxiliary power
connector (JP10) on the motherboard. These
power connectors meet the SSI EPS 12V specification. For power supply to work properly, please
follow the instructions given below. See the table
on the right for pin definitions. Also refer to the
layout below for the PWR connector locations.
!
20-pin Main Power Connector Pin
Definitions
Pin #
Definition
Pin #
Definition
11
PS On
1
Ground
12
5VSB
2
Ground
13
Ground
3
Ground
14
Ground
4
Ground
15
Ground
5
Ground
16
NC2
6
NC1
17
12V
7
12V
18
12V
8
12V
19
12V
8
12V
20
12V
10
12V
Note 1: You cannot use both 20-pin power connectors: PWR1 (the right
connector) and PWR2 (the left connector) as input power supply at the
same time. Only one connector can be used for input power supply to
the motherboard at a time. For proper use of these proprietary PWR
Connectors, please customize your PWR cables based on Supermicro
PWR Connector Pin-Out Definitions listed above.
Note 2: The black square (dot) on a power connector indicates the location
of Pin 1. (See the pictures below for the power cable connections.)
A: Right 20-pin connector & cable (PWR1)
B: Left 20-pin connector & cable (PWR2)
C: 4-pin PWR Connector
5-27
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
4-pin Auxiliary Power Connector
4-pin Power Pin Definitions
In addition to two 20-pin power connectors, a
4-pin 12V PWR supply is located at JP10 on the
motherboard. This power connector is used to
provide power supply to hard drive disks. Refer to
the layout below for the location.
Note 1: The 4-pin Auxiliary Power Connector
is used for power supply output to HDDs
Pin#
Definition
1
+12V
2
Ground
3
Ground
4
+5V
Required Connection
only.
Note 2: The black square (dot) on the power
connector indicates the location of Pin 1.
(See the pictures below for the power cable
connections.)
A: 4-pin Aux. PWR
B: One male (receptacle) PWR Connector
C & D: Two female PWR connectors
5-28
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Fan Headers
Fan Header Pin Definitions
The R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 has four chassis/system
fan headers (Fan1 to Fan4) on the motherboard. All
these 4-pin fans headers are backward compatible
with the traditional 3-pin fans. 3-pin fans do not support fan speed control. However, fan speed control is
available for 4-pin fans. The fan speeds are controlled
by Thermal Management via Hardware Monitoring in
Pin#
Definition
1
Ground
2
+12V
3
Tachometer
4
PWR Modulation
the Advanced Setting in the BIOS. (The Default setting is Disabled.) See the table on the right for pin
definitions.
A: Fan1
B: Fan2
C: Fan3
D: Fan4
5-29
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
NMI Header
The non-maskable interrupt header is located at
JNMI1. Refer to the table on the right for pin definitions.
NMI Button Pin Definitions
(JF1)
Pin#
Definition
1
Control
2
Ground
Internal Buzzer
The Internal Buzzer, located at JSPK1, can be used
to provide audible alarms for various beep codes. See
the table on the right for pin defi nitions. Refer to the
layout below for the locations of the Internal Speaker/
Internal Buzzer
Pin Definitions
Pin#
Definition
1
Pos. (+)
Beep In
2
Neg. (-)
Alarm
Speaker
Buzzer.
A: NMI Header
B: Internal Speaker
5-30
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Wake-on-LAN
Wake-on-Lan Pin Definitions
The Wake-On-LAN header is located at JWOL1 on the
motherboard. You must also have a LAN card with a
Wake-On-LAN connector and a cable to use this feature. See the table on the right for pin definitions.
T-SGPIO Headers
Pin#
Definition
1
+5V Standby
2
Ground
3
Wake-up
T-SGPIO Pin Definitions
Two SGPIO (Serial-Link General Purpose Input/
Output) headers (T-SGPIO-0/T-SGPIO-1) are
located on the motherboard. These headers support serial link interfaces for the onboard SATA
connectors. See the table on the right for pin
Pin #
Definition
Pin #
Definition
1
NC
2
NC
3
Ground
4
Data
5
Load
6
Ground
NC
8
defi nitions. Refer to the board layout below for 7
NC: No Connections
the location.
A: Wake-On-Lan
B: T-SGPIO0
C: T-SGPIO1
5-31
NC
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
SMB (I²C) Connector
PWR SMB Pin Definitions
System Management Bus (I2C) Connector (J18) monitors power supply, fan and system temperatures. See
the table on the right for pin definitions.
IPMB I²C SMB
Pin#
Definition
1
Clock
2
Data
3
PWR Fail
4
Ground
SMB Header Pin Definitions
A System Management Bus header for the IPMI slot is
located at IPMB. Connect the appropriate cable here to
use the IPMB I²C connection on your system.
Pin#
Definition
1
Data
2
Ground
3
Clock
4
No Connection
A: PWR SMB
B: IPMB SMB
5-32
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-12 Jumper Settings
Explanation of Jumpers
To modify the operation of the motherboard, jumpers can be
used to choose between optional settings. Jumpers create shorts
between two pins to change the function of the connector. Pin 1
is identifi ed with a square solder pad on the printed circuit board.
See the motherboard layout pages for jumper locations.
Note: On two pin jumpers, "Closed" means the jumper is
on and "Open" means the jumper is off the pins.
GLAN Enable/Disable
GLAN Enable
Jumper Settings
JPL1 enables or disables the GLAN Ports 1/2 on the
motherboard. See the table on the right for jumper
settings.
Pin #
Definition
1-2
Enabled (default)
2-3
Disabled
A: GLAN Port 1/2 Enable
5-33
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
CMOS Clear
JBT1 is used to clear CMOS. Instead of pins, this "jumper" consists of contact pads
to prevent the accidental clearing of CMOS. To clear CMOS, use a metal object such
as a small screwdriver to touch both pads at the same time to short the connection.
Always remove the AC power cord from the system before clearing CMOS.
Note: For an ATX power supply, you must completely shut
down the system, remove the AC power cord and then
short JBT1 to clear CMOS.
Watch dog Enable/Disable
Watch Dog
Jumper Settings
Watch Dog (JWD1) is a system monitor that reboots
the system when a software application hangs. Close
Pins 1-2 to reset the system if an application hangs.
Close Pins 2-3 to generate a non-maskable interrupt
signal for the application that hangs. See the table on
Jumper Setting
Pins 1-2
Reset (default)
Pins 2-3
NMI
Open
Disabled
the right for jumper settings. Watch Dog must also be
enabled in the BIOS..
A: Clear CMOS
B: Watch Dog Enable
5-34
Definition
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Power Setting Select
JPEN1 allows you to confi gure power settings for
hot-swap support on the Hot-Swap version of Chassis 827. To enable hot-swap support for this model of
chassis, connect a cable to Pins 2~3 of JPEN1. To
Power Setting Select
Jumper Settings
Jumper
Definition
Pins 1-2
Onboard PWR
setting
Pins 2-3
Hot Swap support
use the regular power setting for other chassis, close
Pins 1~2 on JPEN1 with a cap. See the table on the
right for jumper settings.
VGA Enable
JPG1 allows you to enable or disable the onboard
VGA connection supported by the onboard VGA Controller. The default position is on pins 1 and 2 to enable
VGA. See the table on the right for jumper settings.
VGA Enable/Disable
Jumper Settings (JPG1)
Both Jumpers
Definition
Pins 1-2
Enabled
Pins 2-3
Disabled
A: PWR Setting Select
B: VGA Enable
5-35
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
J_UID_OW (-Overwriting)
When the jumper J_UID_OW is set to Off (default), the Red LED (Overheat/Fan Fail/PWR
Fail/UID LED) located on Pin 8 of the Front
Control Panel (JF1) will take precedence over
J_UID_OW (-Overwriting)
Jumper Settings
Jumper
Definition
Off
(Default)
Red OH/Fan Fail/PWR Fail
LED (Pin 8 of JF1) takes
precedence over (overwrites) the Blue UID_LED
(Pin 7 of JF1).
the Blue UID_LED located on Pin 7 of JF1. In
this case, when the Red LED is on, the Blue
LED will be turned off. When the RED LED
is off, the Blue UID_LED can be on or off. In
other words, the Red LED signal overwrites the
Blue UID_LED signal if J_UID-OW is set to off.
When the jumper J_UID_OW is On, the Red
LED (OH/Fan Fail/PWR Fail/UID LED) and the
Blue_UID_LED work independently. The Red
LED will have no effects on the Blue LED. See
the table on the right for jumper settings.
Red LED: On, Blue LED:
Off,
Red LED: Off, Blue LED:
On or Off
On
Red LED (OH/Fan Fail/
PWR Fail LED) and the
Blue UID_ LED function independently.Red LED does
not overwrite the Blue LED.
The Red LED has no effects
on the Blue_UID LED
Red LED: On, Blue LED:
On,Off
Red LED: Off, Blue LED:
On, Offt
A: J_UID LED
B: OH/Fan fail/PWR Fail/UID LED
5-36
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-13 Onboard Indicators
LAN1/LAN2 LEDs
There are two GLAN ports on the motherboard. An additional IPMI dedicated LAN port
is also located on the R422-E2/R422-INF-E2.
Each Gigabit Ethernet LAN port has two
LEDs. The yellow LED indicates activity, while
the Link LED may be green, amber or off to
indicate the speed of the connection. See the
tables at right for more information.
Note: IPMI dedicated LAN does not
operate at 1 Gbps.
Rear View (when facing the rear
side of the chassis)
GLAN Activity Indicator
LED Settings
Color
Status
Yellow
Flashing
Definition
Active
GLAN Link Indicator
LED Settings
LED Color
Definition
Off
No connection or 10 Mbps
Green
100 Mbps
Amber
1Gbps
A: LAN 1
B: LAN 2
C: IPMI Dedicated LAN
5-37
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
InfiniBand LED Indicators (LEB1/LEB2)
InfiniBand Link LED (LEB1) Settings
Two Infi niBand LED Indicators (LEB1/LEB2)
are located on the motherboard. The green
Color
Status
Definition
Green
Solid
InfiniBand connected
LED (LEB1) is the Infi niBand Link LED. The
yellow LED (LEB2) indicates activity. Refer to
Off
Off
No connection
the table on the right for details. Also see the
layout below for the LED locations.
Onboard Power LED
An Onboard Power LED is located at LE2 on
the motherboard. When this LED is on, the
InfiniBand Link LED (LEB2) Settings
Color
Status
Definition
Yellow
Solid
InfiniBand active
Yellow
Off
InfiniBand: connected
Activity: idle
Off
Off
No connection
system power is on. Be sure to turn off the
system and unplug the power cord before
removing or installing components. See the
LED Color Definition
tables at right for more information.
Off
System Off (PWR cable not
connected)
Green
System On
Green:
flashing
quickly
ACPI S1 State
Onboard PWR LED
Indicator Settings
A: LEB1
B: LEB2
C: LE2
5-38
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-14 Serial ATA and PCI-E Connections
Serial ATA Ports
Serial ATA
Pin Definitions
Six Serial ATA Ports (I-SATA0~I-SATA 5) are located
at JS1~JS6 on the motherboard. These ports provide
Pin#
Definition
serial-link signal transmission, which is faster than that
of the traditional Parallel ATA. See the table on the right
1
Ground
2
TX_P
34
TX_N
5
Ground
6
RX_N
7
RX_P
8
Ground
for pin definitions..
PCI-Express x16 Gen. 2 Slot
A PCI-Express x16 (Gen. 2) Slot is located next to the
SATA ports on the motherboard. Refer to the layout
below for the InfiniBand Connector location.
A: I-SATA0
B: I-SATA1
C: I-SATA2
D: I-SATA3
E: I-SATA4
F: I-SATA5
G: PCI-E x16 Gen. 2
5-39
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Notes
5-40
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Chapter 6. Advanced Chassis Setup
This chapter covers the steps required to install components and perform maintenance on the bullx R422-E2 chassis. For component installation, follow the steps in
the order given to eliminate the most common problems encountered. If some steps
are unnecessary, skip ahead to the step that follows. The only tool you will need to
install components and perform maintenance is a Philips screwdriver.
6-1
Static-Sensitive Devices
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can damage electronic components. To prevent
damage to any printed circuit boards (PCBs), it is important to handle them very
carefully. The following measures are generally sufficient to protect your equipment
from ESD discharge.
Precautions
•
•
•
•
•
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic
bag.
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips,
memory modules or gold contacts.
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
Put the serverboard, add-on cards and peripherals back into their antistatic
bags when not in use.
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent
conductivity between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and
the serverboard.
Unpacking
The serverboard is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid static damage. When
unpacking the board, make sure the person handling it is static protected.
6-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Figure 6-1. Chassis Front View
Control Panel: Primary Serverboard
Control Panel: Secondary Serverboard
SATA Drives
Figure 6-2. Chassis Rear View
LAN Ports
PCI-Express x16 Slot
Power Supply
LAN Ports
PCI-Express x16 Slot
USB Ports COM Port VGA Port InfiniBand Port* USB Ports COM Port VGA Port InfiniBand Port*
*The InfiniBand ports are included on the bullx R422-INF-E2 only.
6-2
Control Panel
Each control panel on the front of the chassis must be connected to the JF1 connector on its associated serverboard to provide you with system control buttons
and status indicators. (When viewed from the front of the chassis, the serverboard
on the left is referred to as the primary serverboard and the serverboard on the
right as the secondary.)
These wires have been bundled together in a ribbon cable to simplify the connection.
Connect the cable from JF1 on the serverboard to the control panel PCB (printed
circuit board). Make sure the red wire plugs into pin 1 on both connectors. Pull all
excess cabling out of the airflow path. The LEDs inform you of system status for
the serverboard it is connected to. See Chapter 3 for details on the LEDs and the
control panel buttons. Details on JF1 can be found in Chapter 5.
6-2
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
6-3
System Fans
Each serverboard has its own set of three 4-cm high-performance fans (for a total
of six in the chassis) to provide the cooling for the bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2. Fan
speed may be controlled by a setting in BIOS (see Chapter 7).
System Fan Failure
If a fan fails, the remaining fans will ramp up to full speed and the overheat/fan fail
LED on the control panel will blink on and off. Replace any failed fan at your earliest
convenience with the same type and model (the system can continue to run with a
failed fan). Remove the top chassis cover while the system is still running to determine which of the fans has failed. Then power down the system before replacing a
fan. Removing the power cord is also recommended as a safety precaution.
6-4
Drive Bay Installation/Removal
Accessing the Drive Bays
SATA Drives: Because of their hotswap capability, you do not need to access the
inside of the chassis or power down the system to install or replace SATA drives.
Proceed to the next step for instructions. Note: The operating system you use must
have RAID support to enable the hot-swap capability of the SATA drives.
!
Use caution when working around the SATA backplane. Do not
touch the backplane with any metal objects and make sure no
cables touch the backplane. Also, regardless of how many SATA
drives are installed, all four drive carriers must remain in the
chassis to maintain proper airflow.
SATA Drive Installation
The SATA drives are mounted in drive carriers to simplify their installation and
removal from the chassis. These carriers also help promote proper airflow for the
system. For this reason, even empty carriers without drives installed must remain
in the chassis.
Mounting a SATA Drive in a Carrier
1. Install the drive into the carrier with the printed circuit board side facing down
so that the mounting holes align with those in the carrier.
2. Secure the drive to the carrier with four screws, as shown in Figure 6-3.
6-3
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Figure 6-3. Mounting a Drive in a Carrier
Installing/Removing Hot-swap SATA Drives
1. To remove a carrier, push the release button located beside the drive LEDs.
2. Swing the handle fully out and use it to pull the unit straight out (see Figure
6-4).
Figure 6-4. Removing a SATA Drive
6-4
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
6-5
Power Supply
The bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 has a single 980 watt power supply. This power
supply has the capability of operating at 100 - 240 input volts. Depress both main
power buttons on the front of the chassis and then unplug the AC power cord to
completely remove power from the system before removing the power supply.
Power Supply Failure
If the power supply unit fails, the system will shut down and you will need to replace
the power supply unit. Replacement units can be ordered directly from Bull S.A.S.
(PWS-981-1S).
Replacing the Power Supply
Accessing the Inside of the System
1. Remove the top chassis cover by releasing the retention screws that secure
the unit to the rack.
2. Grasp the two handles on either side and pull the unit straight out until it
locks (you will hear a "click").
3. The top cover of the chassis is secured with four screws: two at the top rear
of the cover and one on each side lip, also near the back. Remove all four,
then place both thumbs in the indentations and push the cover back until it
slides off.
4. Lift the top cover from the chassis to gain full access to the inside of the
server.
Removing the Power Supply
1. First unplug the power cord from the system.
2. To remove the failed power unit, remove the two screws on the back of the
power supply, which secure it to the chassis.
3. Lift the unit straight out of the chassis. (See Figure 6-5.)
6-5
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Installing a New Power Supply
1. Replace the failed unit with the exact same power supply model.
2. Carefully insert the new unit into position in the chassis and secure it with the
two screws at the rear of the unit.
3. Before reconnecting the power cord, make sure the power switch on the
power supply is in the off position.
4. Reconnect the power cord, replace the chassis top cover and push the unit
back into the rack.
5. Finish by turning the power switch on the power supply on, and then depress
the power buttons on the front of the chassis.
Figure 6-5. Removing the Power Supply
6-6
Chapter 7: BIOS
Chapter 7. BIOS
7-1
Introduction
This chapter describes the AMI BIOS Setup Utility for the R422-E2/R422INF-E2. The AMI ROM BIOS is stored in a Flash EEPROM and can be
easily updated. This chapter describes the basic navigation of the AMI
BIOS Setup Utility setup screens.
Starting BIOS Setup Utility
To enter the AMI BIOS Setup Utility screens, press the <Delete> key while
the system is booting up.
Note: In most cases, the <Delete> key is used to invoke the AMI BIOS
setup screen. There are a few cases when other keys are used, such as
<F1>, <F2>, etc.
Each main BIOS menu option is described in this manual. The Main BIOS
setup menu screen has two main frames. The left frame displays all the
options that can be configured. Grayed-out options cannot be configured.
Options in blue can be configured by the user. The right frame displays
the key legend. Above the key legend is an area reserved for a text message. When an option is selected in the left frame, it is highlighted in white.
Often a text message will accompany it. (Note: the AMI BIOS has default
text messages built in. Supermicro retains the option to include, omit, or
change any of these text messages.)
The AMI BIOS Setup Utility uses a key-based navigation system called
"hot keys". Most of the AMI BIOS setup utility "hot keys" can be used at
any time during the setup navigation process. These keys include <F1>,
<F10>, <Enter>, <ESC>, arrow keys, etc.
Note: Options printed in Bold are default settings.
How To Change the Configuration Data
The configuration data that determines the system parameters may be changed by
entering the AMI BIOS Setup utility. This Setup utility can be accessed by pressing
<Del> at the appropriate time during system boot.
7-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Starting the Setup Utility
Normally, the only visible Power-On Self-Test (POST) routine is the memory test.
As the memory is being tested, press the <Delete> key to enter the main menu of
the AMI BIOS Setup Utility. From the main menu, you can access the other setup
screens. An AMI BIOS identification string is displayed at the left bottom corner of
the screen below the copyright message.
Warning: Do not upgrade the BIOS unless your system has a BIOS-related issue. Flashing the wrong BIOS can cause irreparable damage to the
system. In no event shall Supermicro be liable for direct, indirect, special,
incidental, or consequential damages arising from a BIOS update. If you
have to update the BIOS, do not shut down or reset the system while the
BIOS is updating. This is to avoid possible boot failure.
7-2
Main Setup
When you first enter the AMI BIOS Setup Utility, you will enter the Main setup screen.
You can always return to the Main setup screen by selecting the Main tab on the
top of the screen. The Main BIOS Setup screen is shown below.
7-2
Chapter 7: BIOS
System Overview
The following BIOS information will be displayed:
System Time/System Date
Use this option to change the system time and date. Highlight System Time or
System Date using the arrow keys. Key in new values through the keyboard and
press <Enter>. Press the <Tab> key to move between fields. The date must be
entered in Day MM/DD/YY format. The time is entered in HH:MM:SS format.
(Note: The time is in the 24-hour format. For example, 5:30 P.M. appears as
17:30:00.)
Supermicro X8DTT/-F/-IBX/-IBXF/-IBQ/-IBQF
•
•
•
BIOS Build Version: This item displays the BIOS revision used in your system.
BIOS Build Date: This item displays the date when this BIOS was completed.
AMI BIOS Core Version: This item displays the revision number of the AMI BIOS
Core upon which your BIOS was built.
Processor
The AMI BIOS will automatically display the status of the processor used in your
system:
•
CPU Type: This item displays the type of CPU used in the motherboard.
•
Speed: This item displays the speed of the CPU detected by the BIOS.
•
•
•
Physical Count: This item displays the number of processors installed in your
system as detected by the BIOS.
Logical Count: This item displays the number of CPU Cores installed in your
system as detected by the BIOS.
Micro_code Revision: This item displays the revision number of the BIOS Micro_code used in your system.
Memory
This displays the size of memory available in the system:
•
Size: This item displays the memory size detected by the BIOS.
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7-3
Advanced Setup Configurations
Use the arrow keys to select Boot Setup and hit <Enter> to access the submenu
items:
XBoot Features
Access the submenu to make changes to the following settings.
QuickBoot Mode
If Enabled, this option will skip certain tests during POST to reduce the time
needed for system boot. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
QuietBoot Mode
This option allows the bootup screen options to be modified between POST
messages or the OEM logo. Select Disabled to display the POST messages.
Select Enabled to display the OEM logo instead of the normal POST messages.
The options are Enabled and Disabled.
AddOn ROM Display Mode
This sets the display mode for Option ROM. The options are Force BIOS and
Keep Current.
Bootup Num-Lock
This feature selects the Power-on state for Numlock key. The options are Off
and On.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
Wait For 'F1' If Error
This forces the system to wait until the 'F1' key is pressed if an error occurs.
The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Hit 'Del' Message Display
This feature displays "Press DEL to run Setup" during POST. The options are
Enabled and Disabled.
Interrupt 19 Capture
Interrupt 19 is the software interrupt that handles the boot disk function. When
this item is set to Enabled, the ROM BIOS of the host adaptors will "capture"
Interrupt 19 at boot and allow the drives that are attached to these host adaptors
to function as bootable disks. If this item is set to Disabled, the ROM BIOS
of the host adaptors will not capture Interrupt 19, and the drives attached to
these adaptors will not function as bootable devices. The options are Enabled
and Disabled.
Power Configuration
Power Button Function
If set to Instant_Off, the system will power off immediately as soon as the user
hits the power button. If set to 4_Second_Override, the system will power off
when the user presses the power button for 4 seconds or longer. The options
are Instant_Off and 4_Second_Override.
Restore on AC Power Loss
Use this feature to set the power state after a power outage. Select PowerOff for the system power to remain off after a power loss. Select Power-On
for the system power to be turned on after a power loss. Select Last State to
allow the system to resume its last state before a power loss. The options are
Power-On, Power-Off and Last State.
Watch Dog Timer
If enabled, the Watch Dog Timer will allow the system to reboot when it is
inactive for more than 5 minutes. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
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XProcessor and Clock Options
This submenu allows the user to configure the Processor and Clock settings.
Ratio CMOS Setting
This option allows the user to set the ratio between the CPU Core Clock and the
Memory Frequency. (Note: if an invalid ratio is entered, the AMI BIOS will restore
the setting to the previous state.) The default setting depends on the type of CPU
installed on the motherboard. The default setting for the CPU installed in your
motherboard is [18]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
C1E Support
Select Enabled to use the feature of Enhanced Halt State. C1E significantly
reduces the CPU's power consumption by reducing the CPU's clock cycle and
voltage during a "Halt State." The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Hardware Prefetcher (Available when supported by the CPU)
If set to Enabled, the hardware pre fetcher will pre fetch streams of data and
instructions from the main memory to the L2 cache in the forward or backward manner
to improve CPU performance. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Adjacent Cache Line Prefetch (Available when supported by the
CPU)
The CPU fetches the cache line for 64 bytes if this option is set to Disabled. The
CPU fetches both cache lines for 128 bytes as comprised if Enabled.
Intel® Virtualization Technology (Available when supported by
the CPU)
Select Enabled to use the feature of Virtualization Technology to allow one
platform to run multiple operating systems and applications in independent
partitions, creating multiple "virtual" systems in one physical computer. The
options are Enabled and Disabled. Note: If there is any change to this setting,
you will need to power off and restart the system for the change to take effect.
Please refer to Intel’s web site for detailed information.
Execute-Disable Bit Capability (Available when supported by the
OS and the CPU)
Set to Enabled to enable the Execute Disable Bit which will allow the processor
to designate areas in the system memory where an application code can
execute and where it cannot, thus preventing a worm or a virus from flooding
illegal codes to overwhelm the processor or damage the system during an
attack. The default is Enabled. (Refer to Intel and Microsoft Web Sites for
more information.)
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Chapter 7: BIOS
Simultaneous Multi-Threading (Available when supported by the
CPU)
Set to Enabled to use the Simultaneous Multi-Threading Technology, which will
result in increased CPU performance. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Active Processor Cores
Set to Enabled to use a processor's Second Core and beyond. (Please refer to
Intel's web site for more information.) The options are All, 1 and 2.
Intel® EIST Technology
EIST (Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology) allows the system to automatically
adjust processor voltage and core frequency in an effort to reduce power consumption
and heat dissipation. Please refer to Intel’s web site for detailed information.
The options are Disable (Disable GV3) and Enable (Enable GV3).
Intel® TurboMode Technology
Select Enabled to use the Turbo Mode to boost system performance. The options
are Enabled and Disabled.
Intel® C-STATE Tech
If enabled, C-State is set by the system automatically to either C2, C3 or C4 state.
The options are Disabled and Enabled.
C-State package limit setting
If set to Auto, the AMI BIOS will automatically set the limit on the C-State package
register. The options are Auto, C1, C3, C6 and C7.
C1 Auto Demotion
When enabled, the CPU will conditionally demote C3, C6 or C7 requests to C1 based
on un-core auto-demote information. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
C3 Auto Demotion
When enabled, the CPU will conditionally demote C6 or C7 requests to C3 based
on un-core auto-demote information. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Clock Spread Spectrum
Select Enable to use the feature of Clock Spectrum, which will allow the BIOS to
monitor and attempt to reduce the level of Electromagnetic Interference caused
by the components whenever needed. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
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XAdvanced Chipset Control
The items included in the Advanced Settings submenu are listed below:
XCPU Bridge Configuration
QPI Links Speed
This feature selects QPI's data transfer speed. The options are Slow-mode,
and Full Speed.
QPI Frequency
This selects the desired QPI frequency. The options are Auto, 4.800 GT,
5.866GT, 6.400 GT.
QPI L0s and L1
This enables the QPI power state to low power. L0s and L1 are automatically
selected by the motherboard. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Memory Frequency
This feature forces a DDR3 frequency slower than what the system has
detected. The available options are Auto, Force DDR-800, Force DDR-1066,
and Force DDR-1333.
Memory Mode
The options are Independent, Channel Mirror, Lockstep and Sparing.
Independent - All DIMMs are available to the operating system.
Channel Mirror - The motherboard maintains two identical copies of all data
in memory for redundancy.
Lockstep - The motherboard uses two areas of memory to run the same set
of operations in parallel.
Sparing - A preset threshold of correctable errors is used to trigger failover.
The spare memory is put online and used as active memory in place of the
failed memory.
Demand Scrubbing
A memory error-correction scheme where the Processor writes corrected data
back into the memory block from where it was read by the Processor. The
options are Enabled and Disabled.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
Patrol Scrubbing
A memory error-correction scheme that works in the background looking for
and correcting resident errors. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Throttling - Closed Loop/Throttling - Open Loop
Throttling improves reliability and reduces power in the processor by automatic
voltage control during processor idle states. Available options are Disabled
and Enabled. If Enabled, the following items will appear:
Hysteresis Temperature
Temperature Hysteresis is the temperature lag (in degrees Celsius) after the set DIMM
temperature threshold is reached before Closed Loop Throttling begins. The options
are Disabled, 1.5° C, 3.0° C, and 6.0° C.
Guardband Temperature
This is the temperature which applies to the DIMM temperature threshold. Each step
is in 0.5° C increment. The default is [006]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to
change this value.
Inlet Temperature
This is the temperature detected at the chassis inlet. Each step is in 0.5° C increment.
The default is [070]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Temperature Rise
This is the temperature rise to the DIMM thermal zone. Each step is in 0.5oC increment.
The default is [020]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Air Flow
This is the air flow speed to the DIMM modules. Each step is one mm/ sec. The default
is [1500]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
Altitude
This feature defines how many meters above or below sea level the system is located. The options are Sea Level or Below, 1~300, 301~600, 601~900, 901~1200,
1201~1500, 1501~1800, 1801~2100, 2101~2400, 2401~2700, 2701~3000.
DIMM Pitch
This is the physical space between each DIMM module. Each step is in 1/1000 of an
inch. The default is [400]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change this value.
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XNorth Bridge Configuration
This feature allows the user to configure the settings for the Intel North Bridge
chip.
Crystal Beach/DMA (Direct Memory Access)
This feature works with the Intel I/O AT (Acceleration Technology) to accelerate
the performance of TOE devices. (Note: A TOE device is a specialized, dedicated processor that is installed on an add-on card or a network card to handle
some or all packet processing of this add-on card.) When this feature is set to
Enabled, it will enhance overall system performance by providing direct memory
access for data transferring. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Intel VT-d
Select Enabled to enable Intel's Virtualization Technology support for Direct I/O
VT-d by reporting the I/O device assignments to VMM through the DMAR ACPI
Tables. This feature offers fully-protected I/O resource-sharing across the Intel
platforms, providing the user with greater reliability, security and availability in
networking and data-sharing. The settings are Enabled and Disabled.
IOH PCIE Port1 Bifurcation
This feature allows the user to set IOH Bifurcation configuration for the PCI-E
Port 1. The options are X4X4X4X4, X4X4X8, X8X4X4, X8X8, and X16.
IOH PCIE Max Payload Size
Some add-on cards perform faster with the coalesce feature, which limits the
payload size to 128 MB; while others, with a payload size of 256 MB which
inhibits the coalesce feature. Please refer to your add-on card user guide for
the desired setting. The options are 256MB and 128MB.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
XSouth Bridge Configuration
This feature allows the user to configure the settings for the Intel ICH South
Bridge chipset.
USB Functions
This feature allows the user to decide the number of onboard USB ports to be
enabled. The Options are: Disabled, 2 USB ports, 4 USB ports, 6 USB ports,
8 Ports, 10 Ports and 12 USB ports.
Legacy USB Support
Select Enabled to use Legacy USB devices. If this item is set to Auto, Legacy
USB support will be automatically enabled if a legacy USB device is installed
on the motherboard, and vise versa. The settings are Disabled, Enabled and
Auto.
USB 2.0 Controller
Select Enabled to activate the onboard USB 2.0 controller. The options are
Enabled and Disabled.
USB 2.0 Controller Mode
This setting allows you to select the USB 2.0 Controller mode. The options
are Hi-Speed (480 Mbps) and Full Speed (12 Mbps).
BIOS EHCI Hand-Off
Select Enabled to enable BIOS Enhanced Host Controller Interface support
to provide a workaround solution for an operating system that does not have
EHCI Hand-Off support. When enabled, the EHCI Interface will be changed
from the BIOS-controlled to the OS-controlled. The options are Disabled and
Enabled.
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XIDE/SATA/Floppy Configuration
When this submenu is selected, the AMI BIOS automatically detects the presence of the IDE devices and displays the following items:
SATA#1 Configuration
If Compatible is selected, it sets SATA#1 to legacy compatibility mode, while
selecting Enhanced sets SATA#1 to native SATA mode. The options are
Disabled, Compatible and Enhanced.
Configure SATA#1 as
This feature allows the user to select the drive type for SATA#1. The options are IDE,
RAID and AHCI. (When the option-RAID is selected, the item-ICH RAID Code Base will
appear. When the option-AHCI is selected, the item-SATA AHCI will be available.)
ICH RAID Code Base (This feature is available when the option-RAID is selected)
Select Intel to enable Intel's SATA RAID firmware to configure Intel's SATA RAID settings. Select Adaptec to enable Adaptec's SATA RAID firmware to configure Adaptec's
SATA RAID settings. The options are Intel and Adaptec.
SATA AHCI (This feature is available when the option-AHCI is selected)
Select Enable to enable the function of Serial ATA Advanced Host Interface. (Take
caution when using this function. This feature is for advanced programmers only.)The
options are Enabled and Disabled. If the option-Enabled is selected, the following
item will display.
Hot Plug (This feature is available when the option-Enabled is selected)
Select Enable to enable the hot plug function for the SATA devices. The options
are Enabled and Disabled.
SATA#2 Configuration
Selecting Enhanced will set SATA#2 to native SATA mode. The options
are Disabled, and Enhanced.
SATA#2 Configuration
Selecting Enhanced will set SATA#2 to native SATA mode. The options
are Disabled, and Enhanced
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Chapter 7: BIOS
Primary IDE Master/Slave, Secondary IDE Master/Slave, Third IDE
Master, and Fourth IDE Master
These settings allow the user to set the parameters of Primary IDE Master/
Slave, Secondary IDE Master/Slave, Third and Fourth IDE Master slots. Hit
<Enter> to activate the following submenu screen for detailed options of these
items. Set the correct configurations accordingly. The items included in the
submenu are:
Type
Select the type of device connected to the system. The options are Not Installed,
Auto, CD/DVD and ARMD.
LBA/Large Mode
LBA (Logical Block Addressing) is a method of addressing data on a disk drive. In the
LBA mode, the maximum drive capacity is 137 GB. For drive capacities over 137 GB,
your system must be equipped with a 48-bit LBA mode addressing. If not, contact your
manufacturer or install an ATA/133 IDE controller card that supports 48-bit LBA mode.
The options are Disabled and Auto.
Block (Multi-Sector Transfer)
Block Mode boosts the IDE drive performance by increasing the amount of data
transferred. Only 512 bytes of data can be transferred per interrupt if Block Mode is
not used. Block Mode allows transfers of up to 64 KB per interrupt. Select Disabled to
allow data to be transferred from and to the device one sector at a time. Select Auto
to allow data transfer from and to the device occur multiple sectors at a time if the
device supports it. The options are Auto and Disabled.
PIO Mode
The IDE PIO (Programmable I/O) Mode programs timing cycles between the IDE drive
and the programmable IDE controller. As the PIO mode increases, the cycle time
decreases. The options are Auto, 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Select Auto to allow the AMI BIOS to automatically detect the PIO mode. Use this value
if the IDE disk drive support cannot be determined.
Select 0 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 0. It has a data transfer rate of 3.3
MBs.
Select 1 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 1. It has a data transfer rate of 5.2
MBs.
Select 2 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 2. It has a data transfer rate of 8.3
MBs.
Select 3 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 3. It has a data transfer rate of 11.1
MBs.
Select 4 to allow the AMI BIOS to use PIO mode 4. It has a data transfer bandwidth
of 32-Bits. Select Enabled to enable 32-Bit data transfer.
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DMA Mode
Select Auto to allow the BIOS to automatically detect IDE DMA mode when the IDE
disk drive support cannot be determined.
Select SWDMA0 to allow the BIOS to use Single Word DMA mode 0. It has a data
transfer rate of 2.1 MBs.
Select SWDMA1 to allow the BIOS to use Single Word DMA mode 1. It has a data
transfer rate of 4.2 MBs.
Select SWDMA2 to allow the BIOS to use Single Word DMA mode 2. It has a data
transfer rate of 8.3 MBs.
Select MWDMA0 to allow the BIOS to use Multi Word DMA mode 0. It has a data
transfer rate of 4.2 MBs.
Select MWDMA1 to allow the BIOS to use Multi Word DMA mode 1. It has a data
transfer rate of 13.3 MBs.
Select MWDMA2 to allow the BIOS to use Multi-Word DMA mode 2. It has a data
transfer rate of 16.6 MBs.
Select UDMA0 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 0. It has a data transfer
rate of 16.6 MBs. It has the same transfer rate as PIO mode 4 and Multi Word DMA
mode 2.
Select UDMA1 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 1. It has a data transfer
rate of 25 MBs.
Select UDMA2 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 2. It has a data transfer
rate of 33.3 MBs.
Select UDMA3 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 3. It has a data transfer
rate of 66.6 MBs.
Select UDMA4 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 4. It has a data transfer
rate of 100 MBs.
Select UDMA5 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 5. It has a data transfer
rate of 133 MBs.
Select UDMA6 to allow the BIOS to use Ultra DMA mode 6. It has a data transfer rate
of 133 MBs. The options are Auto, SWDMAn, MWDMAn, and UDMAn.
S.M.A.R.T. For Hard disk drives
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) can help predict impending drive failures. Select Auto to allow the AMI BIOS to automatically detect hard disk
drive support. Select Disabled to prevent the AMI BIOS from using the S.M.A.R.T.
Select Enabled to allow the AMI BIOS to use the S.M.A.R.T. to support hard drive disk.
The options are Disabled, Enabled, and Auto.
32Bit Data Transfer
Select Enable to enable the function of 32-bit IDE data transfer. The options are
Enabled and Disabled.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
IDE Detect Timeout (sec)
Use this feature to set the time-out value for the BIOS to detect the ATA,
ATAPI devices installed in the system. The options are 0 (sec), 5, 10, 15, 20,
25, 30, and 35.
XPCI/PnP Configuration
Clear NVRAM
This feature clears the NVRAM during system boot. The options are No and
Yes.
Plug & Play OS
Selecting Yes allows the OS to configure Plug & Play devices. (This is not
required for system boot if your system has an OS that supports Plug & Play.)
Select No to allow the AMI BIOS to configure all devices in the system.
PCI Latency Timer
This feature sets the latency Timer of each PCI device installed on a PCI bus.
Select 64 to set the PCI latency to 64 PCI clock cycles. The options are 32,
64, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224 and 248.
PCI IDE BusMaster
When enabled, the BIOS uses PCI bus mastering for reading/writing to IDE
drives. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
Load Onboard LAN1 Option ROM/Load Onboard LAN2 Option
ROM
Select Enabled to enable the onboard LAN1 or LAN2 Option ROM.
This is to boot computer using a network interface. The options are
Enabled and Disabled.
XSuper IO Device Configuration
Serial Port1 Address/ Serial Port2 Address
This option specifies the base I/O port address and the Interrupt Request address
of Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2. Select Disabled to prevent the serial port from
accessing any system resources. When this option is set to Disabled, the serial
port physically becomes unavailable. Select 3F8/IRQ4 to allow the serial port to
use 3F8 as its I/O port address and IRQ 4 for the interrupt address. The options
for Serial Port1 are Disabled, 3F8/IRQ4, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3. The options for
Serial Port2 are Disabled, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, and 2E8/IRQ3.
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XRemote Access Configuration
Remote Access
This allows the user to enable the Remote Access feature. The options are
Disabled and Enabled. If Remote Access is set to Enabled, the following items
will display:
Serial Port Number
This feature allows the user decide which serial port to be used for Console
Redirection. The options are COM 1 and COM 2.
Serial Port Mode
This feature allows the user to set the serial port mode for Console Redirection.
The options are 115200 8, n 1; 57600 8, n, 1; 38400 8, n, 1; 19200 8, n, 1;
and 9600 8, n, 1.
Flow Control
This feature allows the user to set the flow control for Console Redirection.
The options are None, Hardware, and Software.
Redirection After BIOS POST
Select Disabled to turn off Console Redirection after Power-On Self-Test
(POST). Select Always to keep Console Redirection active all the time after
POST. (Note: This setting may not be supported by some operating systems.)
Select Boot Loader to keep Console Redirection active during POST and Boot
Loader. The options are Disabled, Boot Loader, and Always.
Terminal Type
This feature allows the user to select the target terminal type for Console
Redirection. The options are ANSI, VT100, and VT-UTF8.
VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support
A terminal keyboard definition that provides a way to send commands from a
remote console. Available options are Enabled and Disabled.
Sredir Memory Display Delay
This feature defines the length of time in seconds to display memory information.
The options are No Delay, Delay 1 Sec, Delay 2 Sec, and Delay 4 Sec.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
XHardware Health Monitor
This feature allows the user to monitor system health and review the status of
each item as displayed.
CPU Overheat Alarm
This option allows the user to select the CPU Overheat Alarm setting which
determines when the CPU OH alarm will be activated to provide warning of
possible CPU overheat.
Warning:
1.Any temperature that exceeds the CPU threshold temperature predefined by the CPU manufacturer may result in CPU overheat or system
instability. When the CPU temperature reaches this predefined threshold,
the CPU and system cooling fans will run at full speed.
2. To avoid possible system overheating, please be sure to provide adequate airflow to your system.
The options are:
•
•
The Early Alarm: Select this setting if you want the CPU overheat alarm
(including the LED and the buzzer) to be triggered as soon as the CPU
temperature reaches the CPU overheat threshold as predefined by the
CPU manufacturer.
The Default Alarm: Select this setting if you want the CPU overheat alarm
(including the LED and the buzzer) to be triggered when the CPU temperature reaches about 5° C above the threshold temperature as predefined by
the CPU manufacturer to give the CPU and system fans additional time
needed for CPU and system cooling. In both the alarms above, please take
immediate action as shown below.
CPU Temperature/System Temperature
This feature displays current temperature readings for the CPU and the System.
The following items will be displayed for your reference only:
CPU Temperature
The CPU thermal technology that reports absolute temperatures (Celsius/Fahrenheit) has
been upgraded to a more advanced feature by Intel in its newer processors. The basic concept is each CPU is embedded by unique temperature information that the motherboard
can read. This ‘Temperature Threshold’ or ‘Temperature Tolerance’ has been assigned
at the factory and is the baseline on which the motherboard takes action during different
CPU temperature conditions (i.e., by increasing CPU Fan speed, triggering the Overheat
Alarm, etc). Since CPUs can have different ‘Temperature Tolerances’, the installed CPU
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can now send information to the motherboard what its ‘Temperature Tolerance’ is, and not
the other way around. This results in better CPU thermal management.
Bull has leveraged this feature by assigning a temperature status to certain thermal
conditions in the processor (Low, Medium and High). This makes it easier for the user to
understand the CPU’s temperature status, rather than by just simply seeing a temperature
reading (i.e., 25oC). The CPU Temperature feature will display the CPU temperature
status as detected by the BIOS:
Low – This level is considered as the ‘normal’ operating state. The CPU temperature is
well below the CPU ‘Temperature Tolerance’. The motherboard fans and CPU will run
normally as configured in the BIOS (Fan Speed Control).
User intervention: No action required.
Medium – The processor is running warmer. This is a ‘precautionary’ level and generally
means that there may be factors contributing to this condition, but the CPU is still within
its normal operating state and below the CPU ‘Temperature Tolerance’. The motherboard
fans and CPU will run normally as configured in the BIOS. The fans may adjust to a faster
speed depending on the Fan Speed Control settings.
User intervention: No action is required. However, consider checking the CPU fans and
the chassis ventilation for blockage.
High – The processor is running hot. This is a ‘caution’ level since the CPU’s ‘Temperature Tolerance’ has been reached (or has been exceeded) and may activate an overheat
alarm.
User intervention: If the system buzzer and Overheat LED has activated, take action
immediately by checking the system fans, chassis ventilation and room temperature to
correct any problems.
Notes:
1. The system may shut down if it continues for a long period to prevent damage to
the CPU.
2. The information provided above is for your reference only. For more information on
thermal management, please refer to Intel’s Web site at www.Intel.com.
System Temperature: The system temperature will be displayed (in degrees in Celsius
and Fahrenheit) as it is detected by the BIOS.
Fan Speed Control Monitor
This feature allows the user to decide how the system controls the speeds of the onboard
fans. The CPU temperature and the fan speed are correlative. When the CPU on-die temperature increases, the fan speed will also increase, and vice versa. Select Workstation if
your system is used as a Workstation. Select Server if your system is used as a Server.
Select “Disabled, (Full Speed @12V)” to disable the fan speed control function and allow
the onboard fans to constantly run at the full speed (12V). The Options are: 1. Disabled
(Full Speed), 2. Server Mode, 3. Workstation Mode.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
Fan1 ~ Fan 4 Reading
This feature displays the fan speed readings from fan interfaces Fan1 through
Fan5.
Voltage Monitoring
The following items will be monitored and displayed:
CPU1 Vcore, CPU2 Vcore, +5Vin, +12Vcc (V), VP1 DIMM, VP2 DIMM, 3.3Vcc
(V), and Battery Voltage
XACPI Configuration
Use this feature to configure Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
(ACPI) power management settings for your system.
ACPI Version Features
The options are ACPI v1.0, ACPI v2.0 and ACPI v3.0. Please refer to ACPI's
website for further explanation: http://www.acpi.info/.
ACPI APIC Support
Select Enabled to include the ACPI APIC Table Pointer in the RSDT (Root System Description Table) pointer list.The options are Enabled and Disabled.
APIC ACPI SCI IRQ
When this item is set to Enabled, APIC ACPI SCI IRQ is supported by the
system. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Headless Mode
This feature is used to enable system to function without a keyboard, monitor
or mouse attached The options are Enabled and Disabled.
High Performance Event Timer
Select Enabled to activate the High Performance Event Timer (HPET) that
produces periodic interrupts at a much higher frequency than a Real-time Clock
(RTC) does in synchronizing multimedia streams, providing smooth playback
and reducing the dependency on other timestamp calculation devices, such as
an x86 RDTSC Instruction embedded in the CPU. The High Performance Event
Timer is used to replace the 8254 Programmable Interval Timer. The options
are Enabled and Disabled.
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XIPMI Configuration
Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a set of common interfaces
that IT administrators can use to monitor system health and to manage the
system as a whole. For more information on the IPMI specifications, please
visit Intel's website at www.intel.com.
Status of BMC
Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) manages the interface between
system management software and platform hardware. This is an informational
feature which returns the status code of the BMC micro controller.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
XView BMC System Event Log
This feature displays the BMC System Event Log (SEL). It shows the total number of entries of BMC System Events. To view an event, select an Entry Number
and pressing <Enter> to display the information as shown in the screen..
• Total Number of Entries
• SEL Entry Number
• SEL Record ID
• SEL Record Type
• Timestamp, Generator ID
• Event Message Format User
• Event Sensor Type
• Event Sensor Number,
• Event Dir Type
• Event Data.
Clear BMC System Event Log
Clear BMC System Log
Select OK and press the <Enter> key to clear the BMC system log. Select to
keep the BMC System log. The options are OK and Cancel..
Caution: Any cleared information is unrecoverable. Make absolutely sure
that you no longer need any data stored in the log before clearing the
BMC Event Log.
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XSet LAN Configuration
Set this feature to configure the IPMI LAN adapter with a network address as
shown in the following graphics..
Channel Number - Enter the channel number for the SET LAN Config command. This is initially set to [1]. Press "+" or "-" on your keyboard to change
the Channel Number.
Channel Number Status - This feature returns the channel status for the
Channel Number selected above: "Channel Number is OK" or "Wrong Channel Number".
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Chapter 7: BIOS
XIP Address Configuration
Enter the IP address for this machine. This should be in decimal and in dotted
quad form (i.e., 192.168.10.253). The value of each three-digit number separated by dots should not exceed 255 as shown in the screen below..
Parameter Selector
Use this feature to select the parameter of your IP Address configuration. IP
Address
Current IP Address in BMC
This item displays the current IP address used for your IPMI connection..
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XMAC Address Configuration
Parameter Selector
Use this feature to select the parameter of your Mac Address configuration.
Mac Address
The BIOS will automatically enter the Mac address of this machine; however it
may be over-ridden. Mac addresses are 6 two-digit hexadecimal numbers (Base
16, 0 ~ 9, A, B, C, D, E, F) separated by dots. (i.e., 00.30.48.D0.D4.60).
Current Mac Address in BMC
This item displays the current Mac address used for your IPMI connection.
XSubnet Mask Configuration
Subnet masks tell the network which subnet this machine belongs to. The value
of each three-digit number separated by dots should not exceed 255..
Parameter Selector
Use this feature to select the parameter of your Subnet Masks configuration.
Subnet Mask
This item displays the current subnet mask setting for your IPMI connection.
XSet PEF Configuration
7-24
Chapter 7: BIOS
Set PEF Configuration
Set this feature to configure the Platform Event Filter (PEF). PEF interprets BMC
events and performs actions based on pre-determined settings or 'traps' under
IPMI 1.5 specifications. For example, powering the system down or sending an
alert when a triggering event is detected.
The following will appear if PEF Support is set to Enabled. The default is
Disabled.
PEF Action Global Control - These are the different actions based on BMC
events. The options are Alert, Power Down, Reset System, Power Cycle, OEM
Action, Diagnostic Interface.
Alert Startup Delay - This feature inserts a delay during startup for PEF alerts.
The options are Enabled and Disabled.
PEF Alert Startup Delay - This sets the pre-determined time to delay PEF
alerts after system power-ups and resets. Refer to Table 24.6 of the IPMI 1.5
Specification for more information at www.intel.com. The options are No Delay,
30 sec, 60 sec, 1.5 min, 2.0 min.
Startup Delay - This feature enables or disables startup delay. The options are
Enabled and Disabled.
PEF Startup Delay - This sets the pre-determined time to delay PEF after
system power-ups and resets. Refer to Table 24.6 of the IPMI 1.5 Specification
for more information at www.intel.com. The options are No Delay, 30 sec, 60
sec, 1.5 min, 2.0 min.
Event Message for PEF Action - This enables of disables Event Messages for
PEF action. Refer to Table 24.6 of the IPMI 1.5 Specification for more information at www.intel.com. The options are Disabled and Enabled.
XBMC Watch Dog Timer Action
Allows the BMC to reset or power down the system if the operating system
hangs or crashes. The options are Disabled, Reset System, Power Down,
Power Cycle.
BMC Watch Dog TimeOut [Min:Sec]
This option appears if BMC Watch Dog Timer Action (above) is enabled. This
is a timed delay in minutes or seconds, before a system power down or reset
after an operating system failure is detected. The options are [5 Min], [1 Min],
[30 Sec], and [10 Sec].
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XDMI Event Log
View Event Log
Use this option to view the System Event Log.
Mark all events as read
This option marks all events as read. The options are OK and Cancel.
Clear event log
This option clears the Event Log memory of all messages. The options are
OK and Cancel.
7-4
Security Settings
The AMI BIOS provides a Supervisor and a User password. If you use both passwords, the Supervisor password must be set first.
Supervisor Password
This item indicates if a Supervisor password has been entered for the system. "Not
Installed" means a Supervisor password has not been used.
User Password
This item indicates if a user password has been entered for the system. "Not Installed" means that a user password has not been used.
Change Supervisor Password
Select this feature and press <Enter> to access the submenu, and then type in a
new Supervisor Password.
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Chapter 7: BIOS
User Access Level (Available when Supervisor Password is set as above)
Available options are Full Access: grants full User read and write access to the
Setup Utility, View Only: allows access to the Setup Utility but the fields cannot be
changed, Limited: allows only limited fields to be changed such as Date and Time,
No Access: prevents User access to the Setup Utility.
Change User Password
Select this feature and press <Enter> to access the submenu , and then type in a
new User Password.
Clear User Password (Available only when User Password has been set)
This item allows you to clear a user password after it has been entered.
Password Check
This item allows you to check a password after it has been entered. The options
are Setup and Always.
Boot Sector Virus Protection
When Enabled, the AMI BOIS displays a warning when any program (or virus) issues a Disk Format command or attempts to write to the boot sector of the hard
disk drive. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
7-5
Boot Configuration
Use this feature to configure boot settings..
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XBoot Device Priority
This feature allows the user to specify the sequence of priority for the Boot Device.
The settings are 1st boot device, 2nd boot device, 3rd boot device, 4th boot device,
5th boot device and Disabled.
• 1st Boot Device - [USB: XXXXXXXXX]
• 2nd Boot Device - [CD/DVD: XXXXXXXXX]
XHard Disk Drives
This feature allows the user to specify the boot sequence from all available hard
disk drives. The settings are Disabled and a list of all hard disk drives that have
been detected (i.e., 1st Drive, 2nd Drive, 3rd Drive, etc).
• 1st Drive - [SATA: XXXXXXXXX]
XRemovable Drives
This feature allows the user to specify the boot sequence from available Removable
Drives. The settings are 1st boot device, 2nd boot device, and Disabled.
• 1st Drive - [USB: XXXXXXXXX]
• 2nd Drive
XCD/DVD Drives
This feature allows the user to specify the boot sequence from available CD/DVD
Drives (i.e., 1st Drive, 2nd Drive, etc).
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Chapter 7: BIOS
7-6
Exit Options
Select the Exit tab from the AMI BIOS Setup Utility screen to enter the Exit BIOS
Setup screen.
Save Changes and Exit
When you have completed the system configuration changes, select this option
to leave the BIOS Setup Utility and reboot the computer, so the new system configuration parameters can take effect. Select Save Changes and Exit from the Exit
menu and press <Enter>.
Discard Changes and Exit
Select this option to quit the BIOS Setup without making any permanent changes
to the system configuration, and reboot the computer. Select Discard Changes and
Exit from the Exit menu and press <Enter>.
Discard Changes
Select this option and press <Enter> to discard all the changes and return to the
AMI BIOS Utility Program.
Load Optimal Defaults
To set this feature, select Load Optimal Defaults from the Exit menu and press
<Enter>. Then, select OK to allow the AMI BIOS to automatically load Optimal Defaults to the BIOS Settings. The Optimal settings are designed for maximum system
performance, but may not work best for all computer applications.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
To set this feature, select Load Fail-Safe Defaults from the Exit menu and press
<Enter>. The Fail-Safe settings are designed for maximum system stability, but not
for maximum performance.
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Notes
7-30
Appendix A: BIOS POST Messages
Appendix A. BIOS Error Beep Codes
During the POST (Power-On Self-Test) routines, which are performed each time
the system is powered on, errors may occur.
Non-fatal errors are those which, in most cases, allow the system to continue the
boot-up process. The error messages normally appear on the screen.
Fatal errors are those which will not allow the system to continue the boot-up procedure. If a fatal error occurs, you should consult with your system manufacturer
for possible repairs.
A-1 BIOS Error Beep Codes
BIOS Error Beep Codes
Beep Code
Error Message
1 beep
Refresh
Circuits have been reset.
(Ready to power up)
5 short beeps + 1
long beep
Memory Error
No memory detected in
the system
8 beeps
Display memory
read/write error
Video adapter missing or
with faulty memory
1 continuous beep
(with the front
panel OH LED on)
System Overheat
1 continuous beep with
the front panel OH LED on
A-1
Description
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Notes
A-2
Appendix B: Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Appendix B. Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
After all the hardware has been installed, you must first configure Intel's IOH-36D
SATA RAID before you install the Windows Operating System and other software
drivers.
Important Notes to the User
•
•
If you do not wish to configure onboard SATA RAID functions, please go directly
to Section B-3 and Appendix C for OS and other software installation instructions.
This chapter describes RAID Configuration Instructions for the Intel IOH-36D
RAID controller designed for the Windows OS.
B-1 Introduction to Serial ATA and Parallel ATA
To configure the SATA RAID functions, you must first use the Intel IOH-36D SATA
RAID Utility program to configure the RAID Level that you desire before installing
the Windows XP/2000/2003 operating system and other software drivers. (The
necessary drivers are all included on the CD that came packaged with your motherboard.) Note that the current version of the IOH-36D SATA RAID Utility can only
support Windows XP/2000/2003 Operating Systems.
Serial ATA (SATA)
Serial ATA (SATA) is a physical storage interface that uses a single cable with a
minimum of four wires to create a point-to-point connection between devices. It is a
serial link, which supports transfer rates up to 3.0 Gbps. Because the serial cables
used in SATA are thinner than the traditional cables used in Parallel ATA (PATA),
SATA systems have better airflow and can be installed in smaller chassis than
Parallel ATA. In addition, the cables used in PATA are limited to a length of 40cm,
while Serial ATA cables can be up to one meter in length. Overall, SATA provides
better functionality than PATA.
Introduction to the Intel IOH-36D Serial RAID
Located in the South Bridge of the 5520 chipset, the I/O Controller Hub (IOH-36D)
provides the I/O subsystem with access to the rest of the system. It supports an
1-channel UltraATA/100 Bus Master IDE controller (PATA) and six Serial ATA (SATA)
ports. The IOH-36D supports the following PATA and SATA device configurations:
Legacy mode and Native mode.
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bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
The Intel HostRAID Configurations
The following RAID levels are supported:
RAID 0 (Data Striping): this writes data in parallel, interleaved ("striped") sections
of two hard drives. Data transfer rate is doubled over using a single disk.
RAID1 (Data Mirroring): an identical data image from one drive is copied to another
drive. The second drive must be the same size or larger than the first drive.
RAID 10 (Striping & Mirroring): RAID 0 and 1 schemes are combined (without parity
information) to get the benefits of both.
RAID 5: both data and parity information are striped and mirrored across three or
more hard drives.
The Intel Matrix Storage
The Intel Matrix Storage, supported by the IOH-36D, allows the user to create RAID
0, RAID 1, RAID 10 and RAID 5 sets by using only six identical hard disk drives.
The Intel Matrix Storage Technology creates two partitions on each hard disk drive
and generate a virtual RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10 and RAID 5 sets. It also allows
you the change the HDD partition size without any data.
Configuring BIOS Settings for SATA RAID Functions (Native Mode)
1. Press the <Del> key during system bootup to enter the BIOS Setup Utility.
Note: If it is the first time powering on the system, we recommend you load
the Optimized Default Settings. If you have already done so, please skip to
Step 3.
2. Use the arrow keys to select the "Exit" Settings. Once in the "Exit" settings,
Scroll down to select "Load Optimized Default Settings" and press the <Enter> key. Select "OK" to confirm the selection. Press the <Enter> key to load
the default settings for the BIOS.
3. Use the arrow keys to select the "Main" section in BIOS.
4. Scroll down to "SATA Controller Mode" and press the <Enter> key to select
"Enhanced"
5. Scroll down to "SATA RAID Enabled" and press <Enter>. Then, select "Enabled."
6. Go to "Exit". Select "Exit Saving Changes" from the "Exit" menu. Press the
<Enter> key to save the changes and exit the BIOS.
7. Once you've exited the BIOS Utility, the system will re-boot.
B-2
Appendix B: Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
8. During the system boot-up, press the <Ctrl> and <I> keys simultaneously to
run the Intel RAID Configuration Utility when prompted by the following message: Press <Ctrl> <I> for the Intel RAID Configuration Utility.
Note: The Intel RAID Configuration Utility is only available for systems with two
or more drives installed. The Intel RAID Utility screen will not display in systems
with one drive installed. Due to each serverboard controlling two of the four SATA
Using the Intel IOH-36D SATA RAID Utility Program
Creating, Deleting and Resetting RAID Volumes:
a. After the system exits from the BIOS Setup Utility, the system will automatically
reboot. The following screen appears after Power-On Self Test.
b. When you see the above screen, press the <Ctrl> and the <I> keys simultaneously to have the main menu of the SATA RAID Utility appear:
Note: All graphics and screen shots shown in the manual are for reference only. The
screen shots shown in the manual do not imply Supermicro's endorsement or nonendorsement on any 3rd party's product. Your screens may or may not look exactly
the same as the graphics shown in this manual.
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bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Creating a RAID 0 Volume
a. Select "Create RAID Volume" from the main menu and press the <Enter> key.
The following screen will appear:
b. Specify a name for the RAID 0 set and press the <Tab> key or the <Enter> key
to go to the next field. (You can use the <Esc> key to select the previous menu.)
c. When RAID Level item is highlighted, press the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys
to select RAID 0 (Stripe) and hit <Enter>.
d. When the Disks item is highlighted, press <Enter> to select the HDD to configure
as RAID. The following pop-up screen displays (see note on page B-3) :
e. Use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to highlight a drive and press <Space>
to select it. A triangle appears to confirm the selection of the drive.
f. Use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to select the stripe size, ranged from
4 KB to 128 KB for the RAID 0 array, and hit <Enter>. (Note: For a server, please
use a lower stripe size, and for a multimedia system, use a higher stripe size. The
default stripe size is 128 KB.)
g. Press <Enter> when the Create Volume item is highlighted. A warning message
displays.
h. When asked "Are you sure you want to create this volume (Y/N), press "Y" to
create the RAID volume, or type "N" to go back to the Create Volume menu.
B-4
Appendix B: Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Creating a RAID 1 Volume
a. Select "Create RAID Volume" from the main menu and press the <Enter> key.
The following screen will appear:
b. Specify a name for the RAID 1 set and press the <Tab> key or the <Enter> key
to go to the next field. (You can use the <Esc> key to select the previous menu.)
c. When RAID Level item is highlighted, press the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys
to select RAID 1 (Mirror) and hit <Enter>.
d. When the Capacity item is highlighted, enter your RAID volume capacity and hit
<Enter>. The default setting is the maximum capacity allowed.
e. Press <Enter> when the Create Volume item is highlighted. A warning message
displays.
f. When asked "Are you sure you want to create this volume (Y/N), press "Y" to
create the RAID volume, or type "N" to go back to the Create Volume menu.
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Creating a RAID 10 (RAID 1+ RAID 0)
a. Select "Create RAID Volume" from the main menu and press the <Enter> key.
The following screen will appear:
b. Specify a name for the RAID 10 set and press <Enter>.
c. When RAID Level item is highlighted, use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys
to select RAID 10 (RAID1 + RAID0) and hit <Enter>.
d. When the Stripe Size is highlighted, use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to
select the stripe size from 4 KB to 128 KB for your RAID 10 and hit <Enter>. The
default setting is 64 KB. (Note: For a server, please use a lower stripe size, and
for a multimedia system, use a higher stripe size.)
e. When the RAID Volume Capacity item is highlighted, enter your RAID volume
capacity and hit <Enter>. The default setting is the maximum capacity allowed.
f. Press <Enter> when the Create Volume item is highlighted. A warning message
displays.
g. When asked "Are you sure you want to create this volume (Y/N), press "Y" to
create the RAID volume, or type "N" to go back to the Create Volume menu.
B-6
Appendix B: Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Creating a RAID 5 Set (Parity)
a. Select "Create RAID Volume" from the main menu and press the <Enter> key.
The following screen will appear:
b. Specify a name for the RAID 5 set and press <Enter>.
c. When the Raid Level is highlighted, use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to
select RAID 5 (Parity) and hit <Enter>.
d. When the Disk item is highlighted, press <Enter> to select the HDD to configure
as RAID. The following pop-up screen displays (see note on page B-3):
e. Use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to highlight a drive and press <Space>
to select it. A triangle appears to confirm the selection of the drive.
f. Use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to select the stripe size, ranged from
4 KB to 128 KB for the RAID 5 array, and hit <Enter>. (Note: For a server, please
use a lower stripe size, and for a multimedia system, use a higher stripe size. The
default stripe size is 128 KB.)
g. Enter your desired RAID volume capacity and press <Enter> when the capacity
item is highlighted. The default setting is the maximum capacity allowed.
h Press Enter when the Create Volume item is highlighted. A warning message
displays.
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bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
i. When asked "Are you sure you want to create this volume (Y/N), press "Y" to
create the RAID volume, or type "N" to go back to the Create Volume menu.
Deleting a RAID Volume
!
Warning: Make sure you back up your data before deleting a RAID set.
You will lose all data on the disk drives when deleting a RAID set.
a. From the main menu, select item2-Delete RAID Volume, and press <Enter>.
b. Use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to select the RAID set you want to
delete and press <Del>. A warning message displays.
c. When asked "Are you sure you want to delete this volume (Y/N), press "Y" to
delete the RAID volume, or type "N" to go back to the Delete Volume menu.
B-8
Appendix B: Intel HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Resetting to Non-RAID and Resetting a RAID HDD
!
Warning: Be cautious when you reset a RAID volume HDD to non-RAID
or Resetting a RAID HDD. Resetting a RAID volume HDD or Resetting a
RAID HDD will reformat the HDD and delete the internal RAID structure
on the drive.
a. From the main menu, select item3-Reset Disks to Non- RAID, and press <Enter>.
The following screen will appear:
b. Use the <Up Arrow>, <Down Arrow> keys to highlight the RAID set drive to reset
and press <Space> to select.
c. Press <Enter> to reset the RAID set drive. A Warning message displays.
d. Press "Y" to reset the drive, or type "N" to go back to the main menu.
Exiting the Intel Matrix Storage Manager Utility
a. From the main menu, select item4-Exit, and press <Enter>. A warning message
will appear.
b. Press "Y" to reset the drive, or type "N" to go back to the main menu.
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B-10
Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Appendix C. Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
After all the hardware has been installed, you must first configure the Adaptec
Embedded Serial ATA RAID before you install the Windows operating system.
The necessary drivers are all included on the bootable CDs that came packaged
with your motherboard. Note: The following section provides information on the
Adaptec SATA RAID Driver based on the Intel Enterprise South Bridge 2 (IOH36D) controller.
C-1 Adaptec Embedded SATA Controller
Serial ATA (SATA)
Serial ATA (SATA) is a physical storage interface. It uses a single cable with a
minimum of four wires to create a point-to-point connection between devices. It
is a serial link which supports SATA Transfer rates up to 3.0 Gbps. Because the
serial cables used in SATA are thinner than the traditional cables used in Parallel
ATA (PATA), SATA systems have better airflow and can be installed in smaller
chassis than PATA. In addition, the cables used in PATA can only extend to 40cm
long, while SATA cables can extend up to one meter. Overall, SATA provides better functionality than PATA.
Introduction to the Intel IOH-36D I/O Controller Hub
Located in the South Bridge of the Intel 5520 Chipset, the IOH-36D I/O controller
Hub provides the I/O subsystem with access to the rest of the system. It supports
1-channel Ultra ATA/100 Bus Master IDE controller (PATA) and one Adaptec SATA
Host Controller, which support up to six SATA drives, up to two RAID volumes and
up to four drives in RAID configurations. (See the table below for details.)
* Adaptec’s SATA HostRAID Controller Firmware supports:
Drives supported
Six
Number of RAID Volumes supported
Two
Total Drives in RAID Configurations
Four
Examples of Valid RAID Configurations:
Two drives of RAID 1 + two drives of RAID 0
Two drives of RAID 1 + two drives of RAID 1
Three drives of RAID 0
Four drives of RAID 0
Examples of Invalid RAID Configurations:
Three drives of RAID 0 + two drives of RAID 1
(*Note: this table is applicable to Adaptec’s HostRAID Controller
Firmware only.)
C-1
bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Configuring SATA RAID
1. Press the <Del> key during system bootup to enter the BIOS Setup Utility.
Note: If it is the first time powering on the system, we recommend you load the
Optimized Default Settings. If you have already done so, please skip to Step 3.
2. Use the arrow keys to select the "Exit" Settings. Once in the "Exit" settings,
Scroll down to select "Load Optimized Default Settings" and press the <Enter>
key. Select "OK" to confirm the selection. Press the <Enter> key to load the default
settings for the BIOS.
3. Use the arrow keys to select the "Main" section in BIOS.
4. Scroll down to "SATA Control Mode" and press the <Enter> key to select
"Enhanced"
5. Scroll down to "SATA RAID Enabled" and press <Enter>. Then, select "Enabled."
6. Scroll down to "ICH RAID Codebase" and select "Adaptec". Then press <Enter>. (For ICH RAID Codebase: Change the setting from Intel to Adaptec.)
7. Go to "Exit". Select "Exit Saving Changes" from the "Exit" menu. Press the
<Enter> key to save the changes and exit the BIOS.
8. Once you've exited the BIOS Utility, the system will re-boot.
9. During the system boot-up, press the <Ctrl> and <A> keys simultaneously to
run the Intel RAID Configuration Utility when prompted by the following message:
Press <Ctrl> <A> for Intel RAID Configuration Utility.
C-2
Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Adaptec SATA with HostRAID
The Adaptec Embedded Serial ATA RAID Controller adds SATA/RAID functionality and performance enhancements to a motherboard. RAID striping (RAID 0)
allows data to be written across multiple drives, greatly improving hard disk I/O
performance. RAID mirroring (RAID 1) allows data to be simultaneously written
to two drives, improving data security even if a single hard disk fails. A Stripe of
Mirrors (RAID 10) provides multiple RAID 1 mirrors and a RAID 0 stripe, maximizing data security and system efficiency. By incorporating the Adaptec Embedded
Serial ATA into the motherboard design, bullx R422-E1/R422-INF-E1 serverboard
offers the user the benefits of SATARAID without the high costs associated with
hardware RAID applications.
Using the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility (ARC)
The Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility, an embedded BIOS Utility, includes the
following:
Array Configuration Utility: Use this utility to create, configure and manage arrays.
Disk Utilities: Use this option to format or verify disks.
To run the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility, you will need to do the following:
1. Enable RAID functions in the system BIOS (refer to Chapter 4 for System BIOS
Configurations).
2. Press the <Ctrl> and <A> keys simultaneously when prompted to do so during
system boot. (Refer to the previous page for detailed instructions.)
Using the Array Configuration Utility (ACU)
When you press <Ctrl> and <A> keys simultaneously at the prompt during system
bootup, the main menu will appear.
Note: To select an option, use the arrow keys to highlight the item and then press
the <Enter> key to select it. To return to the previous menu, press the <ESC> key.
Press the <Insert> key to select a drive. When a drive is highlighted (selected),
press the <Delete> key to de-select it.
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bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Managing Arrays
Select this option to view array properties, and configure array settings.
To select this option, using the arrow keys and the <enter> key, select "Managing
Arrays" from the main menu as shown above.
C-4
Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Configuring Disk Drives
You may need to configure a disk drive before you can use it.
Caution: Configuring a disk may overwrite the partition table on the disk and may
make any data on the disk inaccessible. If the drive is used in an array, you may
not be able to use the array again.
Do not configure a disk that is part of a boot array. To determine which disks are
associated with a particular array, please refer to Viewing Array Properties.
To configure a disk drive:
1. From the main menu (shown on Page C-4), select Configure Drives and hit
<Enter> (as shown below.)
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bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
2. From the "Select Drives for Configuring" List (shown below,) select the drives
you want to configure and press <Insert>.
3. The drive you've selected will appear in the "Selected Drives Dialog Box" on
the right (as shown below.) Repeat the same steps until all drives that you want
to configure appear in the selected drives box.
4. Once both drives display in the selected drive box, press <Enter>.
C-6
Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
5. Read the warning message as shown in the screen below.
6. Make sure that you have selected the correct disk drives to configure. If correct, type Y to continue.
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bullx R422-E2/R422-INF-E2 Installation and User's Guide
Creating Arrays
Before you create arrays, make sure that the disks for the array are connected
and installed in your system. Note that disks with no usable space, or disks that
are un-initialized or not formatted are shown in gray and cannot be used. (Note:
It is recommended that you configure devices before you create arrays.)
To create an array:
1. From the main menu (shown on page C-4), select Create Array.
2. Select the disks for the new array and press Insert (as the screen shown below).
(Note: To de-select any disk, highlight the disk and press Delete.)
3. The arrays you have selected will appear on the Selected Drives dialog box on
the right (as shown below.)
4 Press Enter when both disks for the new array are selected. The Array Properties menu displays.
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Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Assigning Array Properties
Once a new array is completed, you can assign properties to the array.
Caution: Once the array is created and its properties are assigned, and you cannot change the array properties using this utility.
To assign properties to the new array:
1. In the Array Properties menu (as shown in the screen below), select an array
type and press Enter. Only the available array types will be displayed on the screen.
(RAID 0 or RAID 1 requires two drives.)
2. Under the item "Arrays Label", type in a label and press <Enter>. (Note: The
label shall not be more than 15 characters.)
3. For RAID 0, select the desired stripe size. (Note: Available stripe sizes are 16,
32, and 64 KB. 64K is default. Please do not change the default setting.)
4. The item: "Create RAID via" allows you to select between the different ways
of creating methods for RAID 0 and RAID 1.
The following table gives examples of when each is appropriate.
Raid Level
RAID 0
RAID 0
Create Via
Quick Init
Migrate*
RAID 1
Build*
RAID 1,
RAID 10
Clear
RAID 1,
RAID 10
Quick Init
When Appropriate
Creating a RAID 0 on new drives
Creating a RAID 0 from one new drive and
one drive with data you wish to preserve
Any time you wish to create a RAID 1, but especially if
you have data on one drive that you wish to preserve
Creating a RAID 1 or RAID 10 on new drives, or when
you want to ensure that the array contains no data after
creation.
Fastest way to create a RAID 1 or RAID 10
Appropriate when using new drives
(Note: If you select Migrate for RAID 0, or Build for RAID 1, you will be asked
to select the source drive. The contents of the source drive will be preserved.
However, the data on the new drive will be lost.)
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5. When you are finished, press <Done> (as the screen shown below).
Notes:
1. Before adding a new drive to an array, be sure to back up any data stored on
the new drive; otherwise, all data will be lost.
2. If you stop the Build or Clear process on a RAID 1, you can restart it by pressing <Ctrl> and <R>.
3. If you've used the Quick Init option to create a RAID1, it may return some
data mis-comparison when you run a consistency check at a later time. This is
normal.
4. The Adaptec Host RAID allows you to use drives of different sizes in a RAID.
However, you can only select a smaller drive as the source or first drive during
a build operation.
5. When migrating from single volume to RAID 0, migrating from a larger drive to
a smaller drive is allowed. However, the destination drive must be at least half the
capacity of the source drive.
6. It is not recommended that you migrate or build an array on Windows dynamic
disks (volumes) because it will result in data loss.
Warning: Do not interrupt the process when you create a RAID 0 using the Migrate
option. If you do, you will not be able to restart the system, or to recover the data
that was on the source drive.
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Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Adding a Bootable Array
To make an array bootable:
1. From the Main menu, select Manage Arrays.
2. From the List of Arrays, select the array you want to make bootable, and press
<Ctrl> and <B>.
3. Enter Y to create a bootable array when the following message is displayed:
"This will make all other existing bootable array non-bootable. Do you want to make
this array bootable? (Yes/No):" Then, a bootable array will be created. An asterisk
() will appear next to the bootable array (as shown in the picture below:)
Deleting a Bootable Array
To delete a bootable array:
1. From the Main menu, select Manage Arrays.
2. From the List of Arrays, select the bootable array you want to delete, and press
<Ctrl> and <B>. Note: a bootable array is the array marked with an asterisk (as
shown in the picture above.)
3. When the following message is displayed: "The array is already marked
bootable. Do you want to make this array as not bootable? (Yes/No)," Enter Y to
delete a bootable array. The bootable array will be deleted and the asterisk will
disappear.
Note: Do not use the delete key to delete the bootable array.
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Adding/Deleting Hotspares
To add a Hotspare:
(Note: In order to rebuild a RAID (RAID 0 or RAID 1), you would need to add a
new HDD as a hotspare.)
1. From the main menu (shown on Page C-4), select Add/Delete Hotspares.
2. Use the up and down arrow keys to highlight and select the disk you want to
designate as a hotspare, and press <Insert>, and then, press <Enter>.
3. Press Yes when the following prompt is displayed:
"Do you want to create spare?" (Yes/No?)
The spare you have selected will appear in the Selected drives Menu.
To delete a Hotspare:
1. From the main menu (shown on Page C-4), select Add/Delete Hotspares.
2. Use the up and down arrow keys to highlight and select the Hotspare you want
to delete, and press <delete>, and then, press <Enter>.
3. When the following warning is displayed: "Do you want to delete the hot spare?"
(Yes/No?), press Yes to delete the hotspare you have selected.
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Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Viewing Array Properties
To view the properties of an existing array:
1. From the main menu, select Manage Arrays and hit <Enter> (as shown on the
previous page.)
2. From the List of Arrays dialog box (shown below), select the array you want to
view and press Enter.
The Array Properties dialog box appears (as shown below), showing detailed
information on the array. The physical disks associated with the array are displayed here.
3. Press Esc to return to the previous menu.
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Rebuilding Arrays
Note 1: Rebuilding applies to Fault Tolerant array (RAID 1) only.
If an array Build process is interrupted or when one critical member is missing,
you must perform a Rebuild to restore its functionality. For a critical array rebuild
operation, the optimal drive is the source drive.
Note 2: If no spare array exists and a hard disk drive fails, you need to create a
spare before you can rebuild an array.
To Rebuild an array:
1 From the Main Menu, select Manage Arrays (as shown in the screen below).
From the List of Arrays, select the array you want to Rebuild.
2 Press <Ctrl> and <R> to Rebuild.
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Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
Deleting Arrays
Warning!! Back up the data on an array before you delete it to prevent data loss
Deleted arrays cannot be restored.
To delete an existing array:
1. From the main menu (shown on Page C-4), select Manage Arrays.
2. Select the array you wish to delete and press <delete>.
3. In the Array Properties dialog box, select Delete and press <Enter>. The following prompt is displayed:
Warning!! Deleting the array will render array unusable. Do you want to delete
the array? (Yes/No):
RAID 1 only—the following prompt is also displayed:
Deleting the partition will result in data loss! Do you also want to delete the partition? (Yes/No):
4. Press Yes to delete the array and partition or No to return to the previous
menu.
5. Press Esc to return to the previous menu.
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Using the Disk Utilities
The Disk Utilities enable you to format or verify the media of your Serial ATA
hard disks.
To access the disk utilities:
1. From the Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility Menu, select Disk Utilities (as
shown above) and press <Enter>. The following screen appears.
2. Select the desired disk and press <Enter>. The following screen appears:
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Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
To format a disk:
Note: The operation of Formatting Disk allows you to perform a low-level formatting of a hard drive by writing zeros to the entire disk. Serial ATA drives are low-level
formatted at the factory and do not need to be low-level formatted again.
3. When the screen shown below displays, select Format Disk and press <Enter>.
The following screen appears:
4. Read the warning message when it appears in the screen as shown below. To
continue with disk formatting, select Yes and hit <Enter>. Otherwise, select No
and press <Enter>.
(Caution: Formatting a disk destroys all data on the drive. Be sure to back up
your data before formatting a disk.)
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To verify disk media:
3. When the screen shown above displays, select Verify Disk Media and press
<Enter>.
4. A message will display, indicating that the selected drive will be scanned for
media defects. Select Yes and hit <Enter> to proceed with disk verifying; otherwise, select No and hit <Enter>.
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Appendix C: Adaptec HostRAID Setup Guidelines
To Exit Adaptec RAID Configuration Utility
1. Once you have completed RAID array configurations, press ESC to exit. The
following screen will appear.
2. Press Yes to exit the Utility.
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Appendix D: System Specifications
Appendix D. System Specifications
Note: unless noted specifications apply to a complete system (both serverboards).
Processors
Two Intel® 5500 Series (LGA 1366) processors, each processor supporting two
full-width Intel QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) links with a total of up to 51.2 GT/s
Data Transfer Rate (6.4 GT/s per direction)
Chipset
Intel 5520
BIOS
. 32 Mb AMI SPI Flash ROM,
. ACPI 1.02/2.0/3.0, Plug and Plat (PnP), and USB Keyboard support.
Memory
Twelve 240-pin DIMM sockets support up to 48 GB of DDR3 Registered ECC
1333/1066/800 MHz Memory (with maximum of 4 GB per DIMM module).
Serial ATA Controller
Intel ESB2 on-chip controller to support four 3 Gb/s Serial ATA (RAID 0, 1)
SATA Drive Bays
Four (4) hot-swap drive bays to house four (4) standard SATA drives
PCI Expansion
Two (2) low-profile PCI-Express 2.0 x16 slots (with pre-installed riser cards)
Serverboard
bullx R422-E2
bullx R422-INF-E2
Dimensions (both): 6.5 x 16.4 in (165 x 417 mm)
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