Electric Guitar/Electric Bass/Acoustic Guitar/Classic

Electric Guitar/Electric Bass/Acoustic Guitar/Classic Guitar
Produced by ARIA
Owner’s Manual
Thank you for choosing an Aria instrument. Please take a moment to read through this owners manual. We will
not be responsible for personal injury or damage to your instrument, which may result from incorrect use.
1. It is advisable not to attempt to dismantle or repair your instrument, seek professional advice through your
local music dealer.
2. To prevent electric shock avoid playing your Aria in a damp conditions.
3. To avoid damage caused by leaking batteries, remove old batteries as soon as possible and do not store
your instrument for long periods of time with the batteries installed.
4. Do not dispose of old batteries in a fire.
5. It is normal for the fingerboard to shrink, which will leave the fret ends exposed, be aware that these fret ends
can be sharp enough to cause injury.
6. It is advisable to change strings regularly, tied and tarnished strings will sound dull and break more easily.
Overtuning strings will also break them. To avoid injury, be aware that ends of strings are sharp.
9. Be aware that guitar vibratos use strong springs to counter string tension, when changing strings or adjusting
the vibrato keep your fingers clear of the back edge of the vibrato and the springs.
10. If you use a strap attach it securely to the strap buttons.
11. To avoid injury be aware that some pick guards have sharp edges.
1. You should keep your Aria instrument in an area which is not excessively dry or wet and since temperature
effects relative humidity, somewhere which is not excessively hot or cold. Avoid storing your guitar near to
heating radiators or vents and in your car.
When traveling with your Aria, try to give time for it to acclimatize when you reach your destination, leaving
it in a case is a good idea.
2. Hold the jack plug on your guitar cable when you unplug, this will help avoid damaging the cable.
3. Use appropriate polish on your guitar, your local music dealer can advise you. Never use solvents.
4. Before lifting your guitar case or gig bag make sure that the catches or zippers are secure, a guitar can
easily fall from an open case, causing damage.
5. Always store your guitar in a case or gig bag and avoid leaning it against chairs or tables.
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Component Parts of Guitars
Machine head (tuning peg)
Top Nut
Position Marker
Strap button
Pick guard
Front Pickup
Center Pickup
Rear Pickup
Vibrato Arm (Tremolo arm)
Pickup selector switch
Control Knob (volume or tone)
Output jack
Sound hole
Bridge Saddle
Tuning by ear
Tune your guitar by the following method, and then apply the ‘Tuning by Harmonics’, detailed below to
First, tune the open 5 string to A440Hz using a tuning fork or a tuner for reference. Turn the machine head
anti-clockwise to tune up (in pitch) and clockwise to tune down. Then tune each remaining string in the
sequence below.
1. Pluck the 6th string fretted at the 5th fret and tune until it is the same pitch as the open (unfretted) 5th string.
2. Pluck the 5 string fretted at the 5 fret and tune the 4 string until it is the same pitch as the fretted 5 string.
3. Pluck the 4 string fretted at the 5 fret and tune the 3rd string until it is the same pitch as the fretted 4 string.
4. Pluck the 3rd string fretted at the 4th fret and tune the 2nd string until it is the same pitch as the fretted 3rd
string. (2B)
5. Pluck the 2nd string fretted at the 5th fret and tune the 1st string until it is the same pitch as the fretted 2nd
string. (1E)
For bass guitar follow the instructions below (A bass is tuned one octave lower than 6th to 3rd strings a guitar)
1. Pluck the 4 string fretted at the 5 fret and tune until it is the same pitch as the open (unfretted) 3rd string.
2. Pluck the 3rd string fretted at the 5th fret and tune the 2nd string until it is the same pitch as the fretted 3rd
string. (2D)
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3. Pluck the 2nd string fretted at the 5 fret and tune the 1 string until it is the same pitch as the fretted 2nd
string. (1G)
Tuning by Harmonics
To play a harmonic lightly touch the string directly above a fret and then pluck the string, immediately take your
left hand finger off the string so that it rings. The diagram below shows you how to fine-tune using harmonics,
guitar on the left and bass on the right. For example a harmonic played above the 5th fret on the 6th string should
be at the same pitch as a harmonic played above the 7th fret on the 5th string.
*Electronic tuners are available at your music dealer, they are very precise and easy for a beginner to use.
Refer to the tuners instructions for more detail.
*If you do not use the instrument for more than one month, we recommend slackening the strings. It’s not
advisable to take the strings off or reduce the string tension too much.
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How to wind strings
For electric guitars and acoustic guitars
For 3 a side headstocks wind the machine head post clockwise for the 4th, 5th and 6th strings and anti- clockwise
for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd strings. For 6 in line headstocks wind all the machine head posts clockwise. Turn machine
heads 6 to 8 times for 1st and 2nd strings, and 3 to 4 times for 3rd to 6th strings.
[How to set the strings for 4 , 5 &6 strings.]
[As they would appear when the guitar is tuned.]
[Not wound enough]
[Coiled sufficiently around the post.]
[Wound Too much]
For Electric Basses
For basses there is a hole in the middle of the machine head post to take the end of the string. Bend the string
15 - 18cm beyond the machine head post as shown below then trim the string length 2cm beyond the bend,
insert the string into the machine head post hole then proceed to wind the string clockwise around the post 3-4
Removing and refitting strings to an acoustic guitar
When replacing strings on an acoustic guitar, firstly slacken the strings so that the bridge pin can be easily
extracted from the bridge, Once the bridge pin is out the ballend of the string can pass out of the hole in the
For Classic Guitar
At the machine head - wind clockwise for the 4 , 5 and 6 strings and anti clockwise for the 1 , 2 and 3
strings. Wind finely so that the strings do not cross on the post. Pass the tip of string through the hole in the
barrel of the machine head and tie as illustrated below, this will help prevent the string slipping on the machine
head post when it is tuned.
[How to wind Low-pitched strings.]
[How to wind High-pitched strings.]
At the bridge - fix the end of string to the bridge (see the illustration below). Coil twice for 1st,2nd and 3rd
(unwound) strings so that they will not slip when being tuned.
*Replace the strings one by one, so that the saddle and top nut do not fall from the guitar.
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Control of electric guitar & bass
Different models feature some or all of the following controls.
VOLUME: Adjusts volume level. Turning to the right, volume increases. Turn it to the left, volume is decreased
TONE: Turn to the left high frequencies are cut.
PICKUP SELECTOR: Selects combination of pickups.
COIL SPLIT SWITCH: Cancels one coil of a Humbucking pickup, giving a sigle coil sound.
BALANCE CONTROL: Adjusts the balance volume between two pickups.
Control of electric acoustic guitar
The volume and tone of a piezo pickup is controlled via a built in
The jack socket acts as a switch, so unplug when the guitar is not being used and you will prevent the
unnecessary draining of your battery.
You will notice a drop in volume and an increase in background noise as the battery dies. Change batteries in
advance of an important performance!
VOLUME: Adjusts volume level.
TREBLE: Adjusts tone of high frequency range.
MIDDLE: Adjusts tone of middle frequency range.
BASS: Adjusts tome of low frequency range.
PRESENCE/BRILLANCE: Adjusts tone of extremely high frequency range.
FREQUENCY/CONTOUR: Use to select frequency range to be controlled by the MIDDLE control.
PHASE: Phase reverse switch, can be used to eliminate feedback (that annoying howling sound).
MUTE: Mutes output volume.
NOTCH/SCOOP: Allows you to reduce the frequencies causing feedback.
BATTERY: When battery capacity becomes low, LED Light becomes weak. For the "Fishman" equalizer, LED
light glows when the battery capacity is low.
Adjustment of Guitar
If you feel confidant tackling minor adjustments to your guitar then you will find the information below, helpful. If
in doubt seek professional advice.
Neck adjustment (Electric / Electric bass / Acoustic guitar)
An incorrectly adjusted or in the worst case, a warped neck, will result in fret buzz or a note ‘choking’. If the
action (distance between the string and the fret) is too low, you will also notice string buzz.
Any checking of the neck should be done whilst the guitar is tuned to ‘concert pitch’
By sighting down the neck from the headstock end you will be able to easily see if the neck is bowed or arched
Any excessive bow or arch can be rectified by tightening or loosening the truss-rod, which is mounted inside the
(1) excessive bow
(2) excessive arch
Slacken the strings before adjusting the truss rod.
The truss rod adjuster location varies from model to model, but will be either at the body end of the neck or at
the headstock end, sometimes below a truss rod cover. The correct wrench will have been shipped with the
guitar. As you would expect, turn clockwise to tighten and anti-clockwise to loosen.
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*Generally, there’s no truss-rod in the classic guitar. We recommend asking a repair specialist to adjust
the neck.
String height adjustment (for electric guitar/bass)
String height is controlled by using a wrench to raise or lower the small allen screws on either side of the saddle.
For PE and TA type guitars, string height is controlled by raising or lowering the two studs on either side of the
bridge, using a slot head (-) screwdriver.
Intonation adjustment (for electric guitar/bass)
When the string height and/or string gauge is changed or the truss rod adjusted then it will normally be
necessary to reintonate the bridge saddles.
Compare the note played fretted at the 12th fret with the harmonic (achieved by holding a finger lightly against
string directly above the fret and removing immediately after plucking the string, which produces a bell like tone).
These two notes should be the same pitch, If the fretted note is higher (sharp) increase the string length by
turning the intonation screw clockwise and anticlockwise if the fretted note is lower (flat). Repeat the same
procedure for each string.
Adjustment of Vibrato spring (for electric guitar)
When movement of a vibrato (tremolo) arm is excessively hard, the spring inside body should be adjusted.
Remove the cavity cover plate from the back of the body, using a Phillips head (+) screwdriver, turn the spring
tension adjustment screw and adjust the length of spring. Turned to the left, tension will become weak and the
motion of arm will become lighter. Retune the guitar to the proper pitch and check the angle.
*If the screws are loosened too much, the back end of a bridge will be raised (1). Please adjust bridge carefully,
balancing the tension of springs and strings, since the state of (2) is proper.
Please see our web site http://www.ariaguitars.com for more details of each product.
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