Geavanceerde
gebruikershandleiding
internet
Technicolor TC7210
Welkom bij Internet
van Ziggo
Van harte welkom bij Internet van Ziggo. Met deze geavanceerde handleiding
kunt u de instellingen wijzigen van uw Wi-Fi modem.
Let op!
Het aanpassen van de geavanceerde instellingen is op eigen risico. Ziggo heeft
uw Wi-Fi modem standaard zo ingesteld dat het Wi-Fi modem goed werkt bij
normaal gebruik. Mocht het Wi-Fi modem niet goed werken nadat u de
geavanceerde instellingen gewijzigd heeft, dan adviseren wij u de
standaardinstellingen te herstellen. Dit kan via de basisinstellingen of via een
hard reset (zie de Gebruikershandleiding Internet). De reguliere Ziggo helpdesk
kan u niet adviseren over de geavanceerde instellingen.
Veel plezier met Internet van Ziggo!
Opmerkingen over de installatie en het gebruik van Internet van Ziggo
Internet van Ziggo is bedoeld voor persoonlijk gebruik. Het gebruik en de
installatie van Internet van Ziggo zijn gebonden aan de Algemene
Basisvoorwaarden Ziggo en de Aanvullende Voorwaarden Ziggo Internet. De
meest recente versies kunt u vinden op: www.ziggo.nl/voorwaarden.
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3
Inhoudsopgave
1. Internet van Ziggo
5
1.1 Symbolen
5
2. Inloggen op de
gebruikersomgeving
6
2.1 Geavanceerde instellingen
6
3. Connections and
setup 9
3.1 Wireless Voice Gateway
Overview
3.2 Relationship amoung the
devices
3.3 Connecting the Wireless
Voice Gateway to a Single
Computer
14
4. Web configuration
19
4.1 Accessing the Web
Configuration
4.2 Gateway
– Status Web Page Group
4.3 Gateway
– Network Web Page Group
4.4 Gateway – Advanced
Web Page Group
4.5 Gateway –
Firewall Web Page Group
4.6 Gateway – Parental Control
Web Page Group
4.7 Gateway – Wireless Web
Page Group
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16
4.8 Gateway – USB Web Page
Group
4.9 VoIP – Basic Web Page
Group
5. Networking
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
Communications
Type of communication
Cable Modem (CM) Section
Networking Section
Three Networking Modes
Cable Modem (CM) Mode
Residential Gateway (RG)
Mode
73
78
82
82
82
83
83
84
85
86
6. Frequently asked
questions
88
7. Troubleshooting
90
8. Glossary
92
19
22
30
38
49
53
54
4
1. Internet van Ziggo
Deze handleiding leidt u stap voor stap door de geavanceerde instellingen van
Internet van Ziggo. Wij adviseren u om deze handleiding op uw computer op te
slaan in verband met het eventueel wegvallen van de internetverbinding.
Heeft u hulp nodig? Stel uw vraag aan onze Online Assistent op
www.ziggo.nl/klantenservice of bekijk het portal op
www.ziggo.nl/WiFimodem.
De afbeeldingen in deze handleiding kunnen afwijken van de werkelijkheid.
1.1
Symbolen
In deze handleiding komt u de volgende symbolen tegen:
Let op!
... geeft u extra uitleg over mogelijkheden of situaties.
Tip!
... geeft u handige informatie over de toepassing van een functie.
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2. Inloggen op de
gebruikersomgeving
In de gebruikersomgeving kunt u geavanceerde instellingen van uw Wi-Fi
modem wijzigen. Om op de gebruikersomgeving in te loggen volgt u de
volgende stappen:
1. Open een internet browser op uw PC.
2. Typ het adres http://192.168.178.1 in de adresbalk en druk op Enter. Het
login venster waarin wordt gevraagd om een gebruikersnaam en
wachtwoord verschijnt.
3. Voer uw gebruikersnaam en wachtwoord in en klik op Inloggen. Standaard
is de gebruikersnaam ziggo en het wachtwoord draadloos.
2.1
Geavanceerde instellingen
Na het inloggen verschijnt de startpagina van de gebruikersomgeving. Op deze
startpagina staat basisinformatie van uw Wi-Fi modem weergegeven. De uitleg
over de basisinformatie vindt u in de Gebruikershandleiding Internet.
Via de knop Geavanceerde instellingen kunt u geavanceerde instellingen
wijzigen.
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3. Connections and
setup
3.1
Wireless Voice Gateway Overview
3.1.1
Front panel
The following illustration shows the front panel:
figure 1: Front panel
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LED
Description
POWER
Indicates the Power status.
DS
Indicates the status of Data reception by the cable
modem from the Network (Downstream
Traffic).
US
Indicates the status of Data transmission by the cable
modem to the Network (Upstream
Traffic).
ONLINE
Displays the status of your cable connection. The light
is off when no cable connection is
detected and fully lit when the modem has established
a connection with the network and
data can be transferred.
LAN 1 t/m 4
Indicates the state of Ethernet ports.
USB
Indicates the state of USB host connect.
Wi-Fi
Indicates the traffic on the wireless network.
TEL1-2
Indicates the status of the telephone Phone 1 and
Phone 2.
LED
The lights on the front panel LEDs are described in the table below (from left to
right): ON = the LED is light, OFF = the LED is gray, FLASH = the LED is blinking.
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TC7210
Power Internet
DS
US
Online 1
2
3
4
Boot-up
Operation
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
0.25 SECOND
ON
FLASH FLASH FLASH X
X
X
X
X
ON
ON
LAN
ON
ON
USB
Wireless
TEL 1
TEL 2
Description
ON
X
ON
ON
Power on .025 sec
X
X
X
From power ON to system
initialization complete
X
ON
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Following system
initialization complete to
(before) DS scanning
OFF
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
During DS scanning and
acquiring SYNC
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
From SYNC completed,
receiving UCD to ranging
completed
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
During DHCP, configuration
file download, registration,
and Baseline Privacy
initialization: DHCP status: 1
second ON and 1 second
OFF, TFTP status: 0.25
second ON and 0.25 second
OFF
1 SECOND
DOCSIS
Start-up
Operation
Channel
Bonding
Operation
MTA
Operation
ON
FLASH OFF
ON
ON
FLASH OFF
ON
ON
ON
FLASH X
ON
ON
ON
ON
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Operational (NACO=ON)
ON
FLASH FLASH OFF
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Operational (NACO=OFF)
FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Wait registration with all DS
and all US – Lights Flash
sequentially from the right to
left Minimum duration 3
seconds
X
X
X
X
OFF
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
From 1 to 4 DS, from 1 to 4
LEDs are ON
From 5 to 8 DS, From 1 to 4
LEDs are flashing
Duration 3 seconds
OFF
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
From 1 to 4 US, from 1 to 4
LEDs are ON.
FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Wait registration with all DS
and all US – Lights Flash
sequentially from the left to
right
ON
ON
ON
ON
X
X
X
X
X
X
FLASH
OFF
MTA DHCP
ON
ON
ON
ON
X
X
X
X
X
X
OFF
FLASH MTA SNMP/TFTP
X
X
X
X
X
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
X
CPE
Operation
ON
X
X
X
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
X
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH
MTA
Operation
ON
<CM Normal Operation>
RSIP for NCS/Register for SIP
No LAN / Wireless link
LAN / Wireless link
TX/RX LAN / Wireless traffic
ON
ON
Both Lines On-Hook
ON
FLASH
ON
Tel1 Off-hook, Tel2 Onhook
ON
ON
FLASH Tel1 On-hook, Tel2 Offhook
ON
SW
Download
Operation
ON
X
ON
FLASH FLASH ON
Handleiding Internet van Ziggo
X
X
X
X
X
X
FLASH
FLASH Both Lines Off-Hook
X
X
A software download and
while updating the FLASH
memory
11
LED Status when WPS State is
In-progress
Green LED will blink with 2 sec On -1 sec OFF cycle
Success
Green LED will remain ON for 300 secs before turning OFF
Error”/ “Timeout
Red LED will blink with 250 msec ON- 250 msec OFF cycle
indefinitely
Session overlap
Red LED will turn ON-OFF with 250 msec duration for 2
seconds followed by turning OFF for 500 msec.
This cycle will repeat for a total duration of 120 seconds.
table 1: LED behaviour
3.1.2
Rear panel
figure 2: Rear panel
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Connector
Description
Power switch
Power on, off the Cable modem.
Power jack
Connector for DC12V.
Cable
Connector for the cable network.
Reset
To restart the modem or press over 5 seconds can default
the modem.
USB Host
USB 2.0 connector
LAN
4 Gige Ethernet ports, RJ-45 connector.
TEL 1-2
2 Phone RJ11 Connectors.
table 2: Rear panel description
3.1.3
Side panel for WPS
figure 3: Side panel
WPS – Indicates the status of the WPS functionality.
WPS button: Wi-Fi Protected SetupTM.
This button can be used to secure the connection with another device (PC for
example) using WPS protocol. A long press (press 2 more seconds) on the
button allows you to enable the association of the modem with a PC or other
equipment. After link establish. A short press on the button, switch on/off Wi-Fi.
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3.2
Relationship amoung the devices
This illustration shows a cable company that offers DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS and
PacketCable/Euro-PacketCable compliant voice/data services.
figure 4: Connection overview
3.2.1
What the Modem does
The Wireless Voice Gateway provides high-speed Internet access as well as
cost-effective, toll-quality telephone voice and fax/modem services over
residential, commercial, and education subscribers on public and private
networks via an existing CATV infrastructure. It can inter-operate with the
PacketCable compliant head-end equipment and provide the IP-based voice
communications. The IP traffic can transfer between the Wireless Voice
Gateway and DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS compliant head-end equipment. The data
security secures upstream and downstream communications.
3.2.2
•
•
What the Modem needs to do its job
The Right Cable Company: Make sure your local cable company provides
data services that use cable TV industry-standard DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS
compliant and PacketCable/Euro-PacketCable compliant technology.
The Internet/Telephony Service Provider (ISP/TSP): Your cable company
provides you access to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and Telephony
Service Provider (TSP). The ISP is your gateway to the Internet and provides
you with a pipeline to access Internet content on the World Wide Web
(WWW). The TSP provides you with telephony access to other modems or
other telephony services over the Public Switched Telephone Network
(PSTN).
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Check with your cable company to make sure you have everything you need to
begin; they’ll know if you need to install special software or re-configure your
computer to make your cable internet service work for you.
3.2.3
Contact your local cable company
You will need to contact your cable company to establish an Internet account
before you can use your gateway. You should have the following information
ready (which you will find on the sticker on the gateway):
• The serial number
• The model number
• The Cable Modem (CM) Media Access Control (MAC) address
• The Terminal Adapter (EMTA) MAC address
• Security information: Service Set Identifier (SSID), Encryption key /
passphrase (WPA2-PSK by default), channel number. Default values are
indicated underneath the modem on the sticker.
Please check the following with the cable company
•
•
•
The cable service to your home supports DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS compliant
two-way modem access.
Your internet account has been set up. (The Media Terminal Adapter will
provide data service if the cable account is set up but no telephony service
is available.)
You have a cable outlet near your PC and it is ready for Cable Modem
service.
Let op!
It is important to supply power to the modem at all times. Keeping your modem
plugged in will keep it connected to the Internet. This means that it will always
be ready whenever you need.
Important Information
Your cable company should always be consulted before installing a new cable
outlet. Do not attempt any rewiring without contacting your cable company
first.
Please verify the following on the Wireless Voice
Gateway
The Power LED should be lighted when plug-in the power supply.
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3.3
Connecting the Wireless Voice Gateway to a
Single Computer
This section of the manual explains how to connect your Wireless Voice
Gateway to the Ethernet port on your computer and install the necessary
software. Please refer to Figure 1-5 to help you connect your Digital Cable
Modem for the best possible connection.
3.3.1
1.
Attaching the Cable TV Wire to the Wireless
Voice Gateway
Locate the Cable TV wire. You may find it one of three ways:
a. Connected directly to a TV, a Cable TV converter box, or VCR. The line
will be connected to the jack, which should be labeled either IN, CABLE
IN, CATV, CATV IN, etc.
b. Connected to a wall-mounted cable outlet.
c. Coming out from under a baseboard heater or other location. See Figure
1-6 for the wiring example.
Let op!
For optimum performance, be sure to connect your Wireless Voice Gateway to
the first point the cable enters your home. The splitter must be rated for at least
1GHz.
figure 5: Basic home wiring
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3.3.2
Installation procedure for connecting to the
Ethernet interface
Follow these steps for proper installation. Plug the coaxial cable to the cable
wall outlet and the other end to the modem’s cable connector.
Let op!
To ensure a fast registration of the modem, the coaxial cable must be
connected to the modem before it is powered on.
Plug the power supply into the socket of the cable modem and two-pin plug in
the AC outlet then press the Power Switch, power on the modem.
Let op!
Only use the power supply that comes with the modem. Using another power
supply can cause damage to the product, and will void the warranty.
Connect an Ethernet cable (direct connection, see below) to the Ethernet port
at the back of the computer, and the other end to the ETHERNET port on the
rear panel of the cable modem. The modem will seek the appropriate cable
signal on the cable television network and go through the initial registration
process on its own. The modem is ready for data transfer after the green LED
"ONLINE" is lit continuously.
Let op!
the button "reset" at the back of the modem is used primarily for maintenance.
figure 6: Connect to the modem
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3.3.3
Telephone or Fax Connection
When properly connected, most telephony devices can be used with the
Wireless Voice Gateway just as with a conventional telephone service. To make
a normal telephone call, pick up the handset; listen for a dial tone, then dial the
desired number. For services such as call waiting, use the hook switch (or FLASH
button) to change calls. The following procedures describe some of the
possible connection schemes for using telephony devices with the Wireless
Voice Gateway.
1. 1. Connect a standard phone line cord directly from the phone (fax
machine, answering machine, caller ID box, etc.) to one of the LINE jacks on
the Wireless Voice Gateway.
2. If there is a phone line in your home which is NOT connected to another
telephone service provider, connect a standard phone line cord from a jack
on this line to one of the LINE jacks of the Wireless Voice Gateway. Connect
a standard phone line cord directly from the phone (fax machine, answering
machine, caller ID box, etc.) to one of the other jacks in the house that uses
that line.
3. If you have a multi-line telephone, connect a standard phone line cord (not
an RJ-14 type line cord) from the phone to the LINE jacks on the Wireless
Voice Gateway. (Other phones can be added to each line by using standard
phone line splitters.)
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4. Web configuration
To make sure that you can access the Internet successfully, please check the
following first.
1. Make sure the connection (through Ethernet) between the Wireless Voice
Gateway and your computer is OK.
2. Make sure the TCP/IP protocol is set properly.
3. Subscribe to a Cable Company.
4.1
Accessing the Web Configuration
The Wireless Voice Gateway offers local management capability through a
built-in HTTP server and a number of diagnostic and configuration web pages.
You can configure the settings on the web page and apply them to the device.
Once your host PC is properly configured; please proceed as follows:
1. Start your web browser and type the private IP address of the Wireless Voice
Gateway on the URL field: 192.168.0.1
2. After connecting to the device, you will be prompted to enter username and
password. By default, the username is ziggo and the password is draadloos.
figure 7: Login dialogue
If you login successfully, the main page will appear.
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4.1.1
Outline of Web Manager
The main screen will be shown as below.
figure 8: Outline of Web Manager
Main Menu
The hyperlinks on the top of the page, including Gateway,
VoIP and several sub-menu items
Sub Menu
Under the main menu, sub menu use to enter each
function, e.g., Status, Network, Firewall…
Title
The sidebar on the left side of the page indicates the title of
this management interface, e.g., Software in this example
Main Window
The current workspace of the web management,
containing configuration or status information
For easy navigation, the pages are organized in groups with group in names
main menu. Individual page names within each group are provided in the sub
menu and sidebar. So to navigate to a page, click the group hyperlink at the top,
then the sub menu for the function, finally choose the title on the sidebar.
Your cable company may not support the reporting of some items of
information listed on your gateway’s internal web pages. In such cases, the
information field appears blank. This is normal.
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4.1.2
Warning message to change the password
At your first connection or while the password is the default one, a warning
message is displayed on the top banner of each Web configuration page. We
want to encourage you to change the password in order to enforce the security
of your modem. Please refer to the chapter password page 25 for more
information.
figure 9: Gateway\Status\Password
To change the password: type the password, and re-enter it again.
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If the password is accepted, you are required to re log on the web pages:
figure 10: Password request dialog
4.2
Gateway – Status Web Page Group
4.2.1
Software
The information section shows the hardware and software information about
your gateway.
The status section of this page shows how long your gateway has operated
since last time being powered up, and some key information the Cable Modem
received during the initialization process with your cable company. If Network
Access shows Allowed, then your cable company has configured your gateway
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to have Internet connectivity. If not, you may not have Internet access, and
should contact your cable company to resolve this.
figure 11: Gateway\Status\Software
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4.2.2
Connection
This page reports current connection status containing startup procedures,
downstream and upstream status, CM online information, and so on. The
information can be useful to your cable company’s support technician if you’re
having problems.
figure 12: Gateway\Status\Connection
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4.2.3
Password
By default, the username is ziggo and the password is draadloos.
This is set by different actions (non exhaustive list):
• at the manufactory level,
• following a reset factory on the modem,
• following a reset from the operator,
• following a change by the user who wants to come back to the default
setting after using its own settings
When the current password is the default one, the user is strongly encouraged
to change the default web password.
At your first connection or while the password is the default one, a warning
message is displayed on the top banner of each Web configuration page. We
want to encourage you to change the password in order to enforce the security
of your modem.
The password can be a maximum of 8 characters and is case sensitive. In
addition, this page can be used to restore the gateway to its original factory
settings. Use this with caution, as all the settings you have made will be lost. To
perform this reset, set Restore Factory Defaults to Yes and click Apply. This has
the same effect as a factory reset using the rear panel reset switch, where you
hold on the switch for 5 seconds, then release it.
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Let op!
We are always suggesting you to modify the password. This is a basic protection
against wrongful access to the Gateway Web pages.
figure 13: Gateway\Status\Password
To change the password: type the password, and re-enter it again.
If the password is accepted, you are required to re log on the web pages:
figure 14: Password request dialog
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If the password is not accepted, an error message is displayed:
Please reflash the web and wait for Password dialog pop-up, then typing the
correct username and password again.
4.2.4
Diagnostics
This page offers basic diagnostic tools for you to use when connectivity
problems occur. When you ping an Internet device, you send a packet to its
TCP/IP stack, and it sends one back to yours. To use the ping Test, enter the
information needed and press Start Test; the Result will be displayed in the
lower part of the window. Press Abort Test to stop, and Clear Results to clear
the result contents.
Let op!
Firewalls may cause pings to fail but still provide you TCP/IP access to selected
devices behind them. Keep this in mind when ping a device that may be behind
a firewall. Ping is most useful to verify connectivity with PCs which do not have
firewalls, such as the PCs on your LAN side.
figure 15: Gateway\Status\Diagnostics
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4.2.5
Event Log
This page displays the contents of the SNMP event log. Press Clear Log button
to clear the logs.
figure 16: Gateway\Status\Event Log
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4.2.6
Initial Scan
To speed up the modem’s first time connection, enter known downstream
frequency and/or upstream channel ID information here. Then click Apply and
Reboot button to start scanning the cable network beginning with the values
supplied here.
The value is provided in Hertz. So, for 549 MHz, you must type: 549000000
figure 17: Gateway\Status\Initial Scan
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4.2.7
Backup/Restore
This page allows you to save your current settings locally on your PC, or restore
settings previously saved. The default file name is GatewaySettings.bin.
figure 18: Gateway\Status\ Backup/Restore
4.3
Gateway – Network Web Page Group
4.3.1
LAN
You can activate the DHCP server function for the LAN on this page. With this
function activated,
• your cable company’s DHCP server provides one IP address for your
gateway,
• and your gateway’s DHCP server provides IP addresses, starting at the
address you set in IP Address on the LAN page, to your PCs. A DHCP server
leases an IP address with an expiration time.
To change the IP address that your gateway will use on the LAN side, enter it
into the IP Address box and then click Apply.
IP Address and Subnet Mask:
A private IP address and Subnet Mask for LAN sub netting.
For example 192.168.0.1./ 255.255.255.0.
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DHCP Server:
• Select the check point of Yes or No to enable or disable a simple DHCP
server for LAN.
• Configure the IP address numbers for the DHCP server with Lease pool
start and Lease pool end.
• Configure the IP address lease time with Lease time for DHCP server.
Default value is 604800 seconds.
figure 19: Gateway\Network\LAN
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4.3.2
WAN
You can configure the optional internal DHCP server for the WAN on this page.
This can be required by some ISP providers.
Select different WAN Connection Type will lead to different contents. Take the
WAN connection type-DHCP for example, you can release and renew the WAN
lease by pressing the buttons.
You can enter a spoofed MAC address that causes your gateway networking
stack to use that MAC address when communicating instead of the usual WAN
MAC address, e.g., if the MAC address is 00:10:18:de:ad:03, this spoofed MAC
address could be 00:11:e3:df:ad:05 or any desired MAC address.
figure 20: Gateway\Network\WAN
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4.3.3
Computers
This page displays the status of the DHCP clients and current system time. You
can cancel an IP address lease by selecting it in the DHCP Client Lease Info list
and then clicking the Force Available button. If you do so, you may have to
perform a DHCP Renew on that PC, so that it can obtain a new lease.
figure 21: Gateway\Network\Computers
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4.3.4
DDNS - Dynamic DNS service
This page allows to setup for Dynamic DNS server.
figure 22: Gateway\Network\DDNS
DDNS Service
Choose Enabled (www.DynDNS.org) to enable the basic
setting. Choose Disabled to close the basic setting.
Username
The username that you registered with your DDNS provider.
Password
The password that you registered with your DDNS provider.
Host Name
The domain name or host name that is registered with your
DDNS provider.
Status
It shows the DDNS service status whether it is enabled or
disabled.
Click Apply to save the changes.
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4.3.5
Time
This page allows configuration and display of the system time obtained from
network servers via Simple Network Time Protocol. The system has to be reset
for any changes to take effect.
figure 23: Gateway\Network\Time
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4.3.6
FTP Diagnostics
This page allows to test download and upload transmit rate through FTP.
Choose known FTP server and Filename with correct username and password
then choose direction to Download or Upload. Press the Start button to start.
figure 24: Gateway\Network\FTP Diagnostics
You will see the result on the page, when transmit done.
figure 25: Gateway\Network\FTP Diagnostics\test result
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4.3.7
Port-base Passthrough
This page allows the configuration of each Ethernet Port. Per default, each
Ethernet port is routed. If you enable the Passthrough, the Ethernet Port will
have a direct connection to the Network. Note that access to this web access
can be denied by your Cable operator.
figure 26: Gateway\Network\Port-base Passthrough
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4.4
Gateway – Advanced Web Page Group
4.4.1
Options
This page allows you to enable/disable some features of the Wireless Voice
Gateway.
figure 27: Gateway\Advanced\Options
WAN Blocking
Prevents others on the WAN side from being able to
ping your gateway. With WAN Blocking enabled, your
gateway will not respond to pings it receives, effectively
“hiding” your gateway.
PPTP PassThrough
Enables PPTP type packets to pass between WAN and
LAN. PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) is
another mechanism sometimes used in VPNs.
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Remote Config
Management
Mmakes the configuration web pages in your gateway
accessible from the WAN side. Note that page access is
limited to only those who know the gateway access
password. When accessing your gateway from a
remote location, your must use HTTP port 8080 and
the WAN IP address of the gateway. e.g., if the WAN IP
address is 157.254.5.7, you would navigate to
http://157.254.5.7:8080 to reach your gateway.
Multicast Enable
Enables multicast traffic to pass between WAN and
LAN. You may need to enable this to see some types of
broadcast streaming and content on the Internet
UPnP
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) helps devices, such as
Internet appliances and computers, access the network
and connect to other devices as needed. UPnP devices
can automatically discover the services from other
registered UPnP devices on the network.
NAT ALG
NAT ALG (application layer gateways) allows
customized NAT traversal filters to be plugged into the
gateway to support address and port translation for
certain application layer "control/data" protocols such
as RSVP, FTP, TFTP, Kerb88, NetBios, IKE, RTSP,
Kerb1293, H225, PPTP, MSN, SIP, ICQ, IRC666x,
ICQTalk, Net2Phone, IRC7000, IRC8000 file transfer in
IM applications etc.
In order for these protocols to work through NAT or a
firewall, either the application has to know about an
address/port number combination that allows
incoming packets, or the NAT has to monitor the
control traffic and open up port mappings (firewall
pinhole) dynamically as required. Legitimate
application data can thus be passed through the
security checks of the firewall or NAT that would have
otherwise restricted the traffic for not meeting its
limited filter criteria.
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4.4.2
IP Filtering
This page enables you to enter the IP address ranges of PCs on your LAN that
you don’t want to have outbound access to the WAN. These PCs can still
communicate with each other on your LAN, but packets they send to WAN
addresses are blocked by the gateway.
figure 28: Gateway\Advanced\IP Filtering
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4.4.3
MAC Filtering
This page enables you to enter the MAC address of specific PCs on your LAN
that you do not wish to have outbound access to the WAN. As with IP filtering,
these PCs can still communicate with each other through the gateway, but
packets they send to WAN addresses are blocked.
figure 29: Gateway\Advanced\MAC Filtering
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4.4.4
Port Filtering
This page allows you to enter ranges of destination ports (applications) that you
don’t want your LAN PCs to send packets to. Any packets your LAN PCs send to
these destination ports will be blocked. For example, you could block access to
worldwide web browsing (http = port 80) but still allow email service (SMTP port
25 and POP-3 port 110). To enable port filtering, set Start Port and End Port for
each range, and click Apply. To block only one port, set both Start and End ports
with the same value.
figure 30: Gateway\Advanced\Port Filtering
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For example: To block HTTP (port 80) browse and restrict mail send from POP3(port 110), setting as following:
figure 31: Gateway\Advanced\Port Filtering
Setting port value, block protocol (Both for TCP & UDP), check Enable then
Apply.
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4.4.5
Forwarding
For LAN to WAN communications, the gateway normally only allows you to
originate an IP connection with a PC on the WAN; it will ignore attempts of the
WAN PC to originate a connection onto your PC. This protects you from
malicious attacks from outsiders. However, sometimes you may wish for
anyone outside to be able to originate a connection to a particular PC on your
LAN if the destination port (application) matches one you specify.
figure 32: Gateway\Advanced\Forwarding
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Press Create IPv4 button you will see follow options shows on the page. To
specify rules, choose Service Name or Port number range to set up. IP Address
0.0.0.0 means allow all IP address.
figure 33: Gateway\Advanced\Forwarding setting
This page allows you to specify up to rules. For example, to specify that
outsiders should have access to an FTP server you have running at 192.168.0.5,
create a rule with that address and Start Port =20 and End Port =21 (FTP port
ranges) and Protocol = TCP (FTP runs over TCP and the other transport
protocol, UDP), and click Apply. This will cause inbound packets that match to
be forwarded to that PC rather than blocked. As these connections are not
tracked, no entry is made for them in the Connection Table. The same IP
address can be entered multiple times with different ports.
Press Create IPv6 button you will see follow options shows on the page. To
specify rules, choose Service Name or Port number range to set up. IP Address
0.0.0.0 means allow all IP address.
figure 34: Gateway\Advanced\Forwarding setting
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This page allows you to specify up to rules. For example, to specify that
outsiders should have access to an FTP server you have running at 192.168.0.5,
create a rule with that address and Start Port =20 and End Port =21 (FTP port
ranges) and Protocol = TCP (FTP runs over TCP and the other transport
protocol, UDP), and click Apply. This will cause inbound packets that match to
be forwarded to that PC rather than blocked. As these connections are not
tracked, no entry is made for them in the Connection Table. The same IP
address can be entered multiple times with different ports.
4.4.6
Port Triggers
Some Internet activities, such as interactive gaming, require that a PC on the
WAN side of your gateway be able to originate connections during the game
with your game playing PC on the LAN side. You could use the AdvancedForwarding web page to construct a forwarding rule during the game, and then
remove it afterwards (to restore full protection to your LAN PC) to facilitate this.
Port triggering is an elegant mechanism that does this work for you, each time
you play the game.
figure 35: Gateway\Advanced\Port Triggers
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Press Create button to specify rules.
figure 36: Gateway\Advanced\Port Triggers
Port Triggering works as follows. Imagine you want to play a particular game
with PCs somewhere on the Internet. You make one time effort to set up a Port
Trigger for that game, by entering into Trigger Start Port and Trigger End Port
the range of destination ports your game will be sending to, and entering into
Target Start Port the range of destination ports the other player (on the WAN
side) will be sending to (ports your PC’s game receives on). Application
programs like games publish this information in user manuals. Later, each time
you play the game, the gateway automatically creates the forwarding rule
necessary. This rule is valid until 10 minutes after it sees game activity stop. After
10 minutes, the rule becomes inactive until the next matched outgoing traffic
arrives.
e.g., suppose you specify Trigger Range from 6660 to 6670 and Target Range
from 113 to 113. An outbound packet arrives at the gateway with your gameplaying PC source IP address 192.168.0.10, destination port 666 over TCP/IP.
This destination port is within the Trigger destined for port 113 to your gameplaying PC at 192.168.0.10.
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4.4.7
DMZ Host
Use this page to designate one PC on your LAN that should be left accessible to
all PCs from the WAN side, for all ports. e.g., if you put an HTTP server on this
machine, anyone will be able to access that HTTP server by using your gateway
IP address as the destination. A setting of “0” indicates NO DMZ PC. Host is
another Internet term for a PC connected to the Internet.
figure 37: Gateway\Advanced\DMZ Host
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4.4.8
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) Setup
This feature enables the gateway to be used in small business situations where
more than one LAN (local area network) is installed. The RIP protocol provides
the gateway a means to “advertise” available IP routes to these LANs to your
cable operator, so packets can be routed properly in this situation.
Your cable operator will advise you during installation if any setting changes are
required here.
figure 38: Gateway\Advanced\RIP Setup
4.5
Gateway – Firewall Web Page Group
4.5.1
Web Content Filtering
These pages allow you to enable, disable, and configure a variety of firewall
features associated with web browsing, which uses the HTTP protocol and
transports HTML web pages. On these pages, you designate the gateway packet
types you want to have forwarded or blocked. You can activate settings by
checking them and clicking Apply.
The web-related filtering features you can activate from the Web Content Filter
page include Filter Proxy, Filter Cookies, Filter Java Applets, Filter ActiveX, Filter
Popup Windows, and Firewall Protection.
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If you want the gateway to exclude your selected filters to certain computers on
your LAN, enter their MAC addresses in the Trusted Computers area of this
page.
figure 39: Gateway\Firewall\Web Filter
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4.5.2
TOD Filtering
Use this page to set rules that will block specific LAN side PCs from accessing
the Internet, but only at specific days and times. Specify a PC by its hardware
MAC address, and then use the tools to specify blocking time. Finally, click the
Apply button to save your settings.
figure 40: Gateway\Firewall\TOD Filtering
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4.5.3
Local Log
The gateway builds a log of firewall blocking actions that the firewall has taken.
Using the Local Log page lets you specify an email address to which you want
the gateway to email this log. You must also tell the gateway your outgoing (i.e.
SMTP) email server’s name, so it can direct the email to it. Enable Email Alerts
has the gateway forward email notices when Firewall protection events occur.
Click E-mail Log to immediately send the email log. Click Clear Log to clear the
table of entries for a fresh start.
The log of these events is also visible on the screen. For each blocking event
type that has taken place since the table was last cleared, the table shows
Description, Count, Last Occurrence, Target, and Source.
figure 41: Gateway\Firewall\Local Log
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4.5.4
Remote Log
The Remote Log page allows you to specify the IP address where a SysLog
server is located on the LAN Side and select different types of firewall events that
may occur. Then, each time such an event occurs, notification is automatically
sent to this log server.
figure 42: Gateway\Firewall\Remote Log
4.6
Gateway – Parental Control Web Page Group
4.6.1
Basic
This page allows you to enable, disable, and configure a variety of firewall
features associated with web browsing, which uses the HTTP protocol and
transports HTML web pages. On these pages, you designate the gateway packet
types you want to have forwarded or blocked. You can activate settings by
checking them and clicking Apply.
Here are some of your choices on the Parental Control page:
• Activate Keyword Blocking and specify some keywords in the Keyword List
to cause blocking of web pages on the WAN side with the specified keyword
in the content.
• Activate Domain Blocking and specify some Domain Names (e.g.
www.ABC.com) in the Domain List.
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figure 43: Gateway\Parental Control\Basic
4.7
Gateway – Wireless Web Page Group
The Wireless web pages group enables a variety of settings that can provide
secure and reliable wireless communications for even the most demanding
tech-savvy user.
The Wireless Voice Gateway offers a choice of 802.11b/g/n, WPA and WPA-PSK
authentication of your PCs to the gateway, 64 and 128 bit WEP encryption of
communication between the gateway and your PCs to guaranty security, and
an Access Control List function that enables you to restrict wireless access to
only your specific PCs.
Performance
Because your wireless communication travels through the air, the factory
default wireless channel setting may not provide optimum performance in your
home if you or your neighbors have other interfering 2.4GHz or 5 GHz devices
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such as cordless phones. If your wireless PC is experiencing very sluggish or
dramatically slower communication compared with the speed you achieve on
your PC that is wired to the gateway, try changing the channel number. See the
802.11b/g/n Basic Web Page discussion below for details.
Authentication
Authentication enables you to restrict your gateway from communicating with
any remote wireless PCs that aren’t yours. The following minimum
authentication-related changes to factory defaults are recommended. See the
802.11b/g/n Basic and Access Control Web Page discussions below for details.
Network Name (SSID) – Set a unique name you choose
Network Type – Set to Open
Access Control List – Enter your wireless PCs’ MAC addresses
Security
Security secures or scrambles messages traveling through the air between your
wireless PCs and the gateway, so they can’t be observed by others. The
following minimum security setting changes to factory defaults are
recommended. See the 802.11b/g/n Security Web Page discussion below for
details.
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4.7.1
Radio
To set the basic configuration for the wireless features, click RADIO from the
Wireless menu. These must match the settings you make on your wirelessequipped PC on the LAN side.
figure 44: Gateway/Wireless/Radio
Interface
The wireless radio in your gateway can be
completely de-activated by changing Interface to
Disabled. Click the Apply button to save your
settings. Activated by changing interface to
enabled
Wireless MAC address
The MAC address for this wireless device will be
displayed in this field automatically.
Output power
This setting decides the output power of this
device. You may use it to economize on electricity
by selecting lower percentage of power output.
Control the range of the AP by adjusting the radio
output power.
802.11 Band
It Support 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz band. This default
band was 2.4 GHz.
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802.11 n-mode
It may help you to Enable or Disable the 11N mode.
To enable you need to select Auto, to disable you
need to select Off, and so force the AP to operate
in 802.11 n-mode.
Bandwidth
Select wireless channel width 20 MHz is for default
value (bandwidth taken by wireless signals of this
access point.)
Sideband for Control
Channel (40 MHz only)
There is “Lower” and “Upper” can be selected if
Bandwidth 40 MHz was Enabled.
Control Channel
In 802.11 Band 2.4GHz, there are 1 to 13 channels.
In 802.11 Band 5GHz, there are 36, 40, 44, 48 total
4 channels for all country. Choose the one that is
suitable for this device.
Current Channel
The channel that you choose will be displayed in
this field.
Regulatory Mode
suppose 802.11d and 802.11h to satisfy specific
environment and request.
TPC Mitigation (db)
Fixed Maximum TX Power Level, options 0 ~ 4 db
OBSS Coexistence
Overlapping BBS coexistence, here to control this
function Enable or Disable, default was enabled.
STBC Tx
Space–time block coding is a technique used in
wireless communications to transmit multiple
copies of a data stream across a number of
antennas and to exploit the various received
versions of the data to improve the reliability of
data-transfer. Default was “Auto”.
Restore Wireless defaulfs To recover to the default settings, press this button
to retrieve the settings then click Apply.
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Setting
Description
Value List or
Range
Default
Network Name Set the Network Name (also
(SSID)
known as SSID) of this
network.
Up to 32character string
containing ASCII
characters only
PExxx
Network Type Select Closed to hide the
network from active scans.
Select Open to reveal the
network to active scans.
Open, Closed
Open
New Channel
Select a particular channel on 1-13
which to operate.
1 or 6 or 11
Interface
Enable or disable the wireless Enabled, Disabled Enabled
interface.
table 3: Basic Settings Definitions
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4.7.2
Primary Network
This page allows you to configure the Network Authentication. It provides
several different modes of wireless security. You will have to enter proper
information according to the mode you select.
figure 45: Gateway\Wireless\Primary Network
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802.11x Authentication introduction
If you enable the 802.11x authentication function, you will have to offer the
following information.
WPA/WPA2
(Wi-fi Protected Access) It must be used in
conjunction with an authentication server such as
RADIUS to provide centralized access control and
management. It can provide stronger encryption
and authentication solution than none WPA
modes. WPA2 is the second generation of WPA
security.
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
(WPA-Pre-Shared Key) It is useful for small places
without authentication servers such as the
network at home. It allows the use of manuallyentered keys or passwords and is designed to be
easily set up for home users.
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server is a protocol for carrying
authentication, authorization, and configuration
information between a Network Access Server
which desires to authenticate its links and a shared
Authentication Server. Please key in the IP Address
for the RADIUS Server.
RADIUS Port
Besides the IP address of the RADIUS Server, you
have to enter the port number for the server. Port
1812 is the reserved RADIUS-authentication port
described in RFC 2138. Earlier AP (RADIUS clients)
use port 1945. The default value will be shown on
this box. You can keep and use it.
RADIUS Key
A RADIUS Key is like a password, which is used
between IAS and the specific RADIUS client to
verify identity. Both IAS and the RADIUS client
must be use the same RADIUS Key for successful
communication to occur. Enter the RADIUS Key.
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WPA/WPA2
For the WPA/WPA2 network Authentication, the settings that you can adjust
including WPA/WPA2 Encryption, RADIUS Server, RADIUS Port, RADIUS Key,
Group Key Rotation Interval, and WPA/WPA2 Re-auth Interval.
WPA/WPA2 Encryption
There are two types that you can choose, AES,
TKIP+AES.
TKIP takes the original master key only as a starting
point and derives its encryption keys
mathematically from this mater key. Then it
regularly changes and rotates the encryption keys
so that the same encryption key will never be used
twice
AES provides security between client workstations
operating in ad hoc mode. It uses a mathematical
ciphering algorithm that employs variable key
sizes of 128, 192 or 256 bits.
RADIUS Server / RADIUS
Port / RADIUS Key
Please refer to the previous page.
Group Key Rotation
Interval
Key in the time for the WAP group key rotation
interval. The unit is second. With increasing rekey
interval, user bandwidth requirement is reduced.
WPA/WPA2 re-auth
Interval
When a wireless client has associated with the
Wireless Voice Gateway for a period of time longer
than the setting here, it would be disconnected
and the authentication will be executed again. The
default value is 3600, you may modify it.
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figure 46: WPA/WPA2
WPA-PSK/ WPA2-PSK
For the WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK network Authentication, the settings that you can
adjust including WPA/WPA2 Encryption, WPA Pre-Shared Key, and Group key
Rotation Interval.
WPA Pre-Shared Key
Please type the key to be between 8 and 63 characters, or 64 hexadecimal
digits. Only the devices with a matching key that you set here can join this
network.
figure 47: WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK
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WEP Encryption
You can choose 64-bit or 128-bit according to your needs. If you choose
Disabled, the Network Keys will not be shown on this page. If selected, the data
is encrypted using the key before being transmitted. e.g., If you set 128-bit in this
field, then the receiving station must be set to use the 128 Bit Encryption, and
have the same Key value too. Otherwise, it will not be able to decrypt the data.
Let op!
You need to connect one end of the Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on the
back of your computer, and the other end to the ETHERNET port on the
Wireless Voice Gateway.
If you select WEP (64-bit or 128-bit), you can adjust the following settings.
Shared Key
Decide whether to set the shared key Optional or
Authentication
Required by selecting from the drop-down menu
Network Key 1 to 4
The system allows you to enter four sets of the
WEP key. For 64-bit WEP mode, the key length is
5 characters or 10 hexadecimal digits. As for 128bit WEP mode, the key length is 13 characters or
26 hexadecimal digits
Current Network Key
Select one set of the network key (from 1 to 4) as
the default one.
Passphrase
You can enter ASCII codes into this field. The range
is from 8 characters to 64 characters. For ASCII
characters, you can key in 63 characters in this
field. If you want to key in 64 characters, only
hexadecimal characters can be used.
Generate WEP Keys
Click this button to generate the Passphrase.
Apply
After proper configuration, click Apply to invoke
the settings.
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figure 48: WEP (64-bit) / WEP (128-bit)
Automatic Security Configuration
Wi-Fi Protected SetupTM (WPS) is an easy and secure way of configuring and
connecting your Wireless access point. In this case, the Wireless Voice Gateway
is the Access Point (AP), and Your PC (or Wireless Device) is called the STA.
When configuring your Wireless Network via WPS, Messages are exchanged
between the STA and AP in order to configure the Security Settings on both
devices.
WPS Configuration
It will help you to Enable or Disable the WPS
feature. To enable you need to select WPS, to
disable you need to select Disabled.
Note: After you Enable the WPS you will get the
options as show in Fig.2-36 and the WPS
Configuration State box will show its configuration
status.
Device Name
By using this you can change the factory default to
a name of your choice which is up to 32 characters
long as like SSID.
WPS Setup AP
Here you do not need to change anything, just skip
this step.
WPS Add Client
There are two methods type”Client PIN” and
“Authorized Client MAC”. Type in the client
information you want. Then press button “add”.
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figure 49: Automatic Security Configuration
If you type in Client PIN, then the WPS Add Client option will appear as shown
below.
figure 50: WPS/Push-Button
And then if you click “Add” button then WPS Add Client page will appear as
shown in Fig. 38.
figure 51: WPS Setup AP/PUSH
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And WPS Configure Status will be “In progress”, after establishing the
connection the WPS Configure Status will be “Success!” as shown below. After
succesful connection the client will get IP adress from AP and then internet will
be accessible.
figure 52: WPS Setup AP successful/PUSH
WPS Add Client process also can finish with type in Authorized Client MAC.
4.7.3
Access Control
This page allows you to control device that can connect to the AP and list all
connected clients. Control is made by Mac Address.
figure 53: Gateway\Wireless\Access Control
Administration Web Page This field let you decide if a PC connected over WiAccess
Fi to the Gateway can have access to the Gateway
Web Pages.
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MAC Restrict Mode
Click Disabled to welcome all of the clients on the
network; select Allow to permit only the clients on
the list to access the cable modem; or choose
Deny to prevent the clients on the list to access
this device.
MAC Address
Your Gateway identifies wireless PCs by their
Wireless MAC Address. This address consists of a
string of 6 pairs of numbers 0-9 and letters A-F,
such as 00 90 4B F0 FF 50. It is usually printed on
the Wireless card of the device (e.g. the PCMCIA
card in a laptop).
Apply
After proper configuration, click Apply to invoke
the settings.
Connected Clients:
The information of currently connected clients will
be displayed here.
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4.7.4
Advanced
This page allows you to configure some advanced settings. The factory default
values should provide good results in most cases. We don’t recommend you
change these settings unless you have technical knowledge of 802.11 wireless
technology. For expert users, details of all settings on this web page are
provided below.
figure 54: Gateway\Wireless\Advanced
54TM Mode
Except Auto Mode, there are three modes for you
choose, please check the specification of your
wireless card and choose a proper setting.
XpressTM Technology
When Xpress is turned on, aggregate throughput
(the sum of the individuel throughput speeds of
each client on the network) can improve by up to
27% in 802.11g-only networks, and up to 75% in
mixed networks comprised of 802.11g and
802.11b standard equipment.
801.11n Protection
This method provides 802.11g and 802.11b devices
can co-exist in the same network without
“speaking” at the same time. Default is “Auto”.
Short Guard Interval
To reduce complexity, manufacturers typically
only implement a shot guard interval as a final rate
adaptation step when the device is running at it’s
highest data rate. Default is “Auto”.
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Basis Rate Set
The rates that for all clients want to associate with.
Choose “Default” and “All” for the
802.11a/b/g/n/ac.
Multicast Rate
The baseline levels that wireless device able to
deliver in order to connect to the wireless voice
gateway. Lower multicast rates mean weaker,
farther signals are allowed to connection. Higher
multicast rates mean that only close, strong signals
are allowed.
NPHY Rate
Set the Physical Layer rate. The rate always set
“Use Legacy Rate”.
Rate
It decides the speed of data transmission. There
are serveral rates provided here for you to choose.
Choose any one of it according to your needs by
using the drop-down menu.
Beacon Interval
Set the period of beacon transmissions to allow
mobile stations to locate and identify a BSS. The
measure unit it “time units” (TU) of 1024
microseconds. (Value range: 1~65535).
DTIM Interval
The value you set here is used to inform mobile
stations when mutlicast frames that have been
buffered at the Wireless Voice Gateways will be
delivered and how often that delivery occurs
(Value range: 1~255).
Fragmentation Threshold Set the number of the fragmentating frames to
make the data to be delivered without errors
induced by the interference. Frames longer than
the value you set here are fragmented before the
initial transmission into fragments no longer than
the value of the threshold (Value range:
256~2346).
RTS Threshold
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Set the value for sending a request to the
destination. All the frames of a length greater than
the threshold that you set here will be sent with the
four-way frame exchange. And, a lenth less than or
equal to the value that you set will not be
proceeded by RTS (Value range: 0~2347).
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4.7.5
Bridging
The Bridging page provides a location where settings can be adjusted related to
the WDS (Wireless Distribution System) feature.
WDS is a system that enables the interconnection of access points wirelessly. It
may also be referred to as repeater mode because it appears to bridge and
accept wireless clients at the same time (unlike traditional bridging).
The wireless gateway can be placed in a mode that allows the gateway to
communicate with other “extender” wireless access points either exclusively or
mixed with communications to local PCs. Use this page to designate the
Remote Bridges the gateway is allowed to communicate with, and to select the
Wireless Bridging mode.
figure 55: Gateway\Wireless\Bridging
Wireless Bridging
Choose “Disabled” to shutdown this function;
select Enabled to turn on the function of WDS.
Remote Bridges
Enter the MAC addresses of the remote Bridges to
realy the signals for each other.
Apply
After proper configuration, click Apply to invoke
the settings.
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4.7.6
802.11 Wi-fi Multimedia
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) is a component of the IEEE 802.11e wireless LAN
standard for quality of service (QoS). The QoS assigns priority to the selected
network traffic and prevents packet collisions and delays thus improving VoIP
calls and watching video over WLANs.
figure 56: Gateway\Wireless\WMM
Enable WWM
This field allows you to enable WMM to improve
multimedia transmission.
Enable WWM NoAcknowledgment
This field allows you to enable WMM NoAcknowledgement.
Power Save Support
This field allows you to enable WMM Power-SaveSupport.
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EDCA AP parameters
proposal : specifies the transmit parameter for
traffic transmitted from the AP to the STA for the 4
Access Categories: Best effort (AC_BE),
Background (AC_BK) Video (AC_VI) and voice
(AC_VO). Transmit parameters include contention
window (CWmin CWmax), arbitration Inter Frame
Spacing Number AIFSN, and Transmit opportunity
Limit (TXOP limit ). Admission Control specifies if
admission control is enforced for the Access
categories. Discard Oldest first specified the
discard policy for the queues , On discards the
oldest first; off discards the newest first.
EDCA STA parameters
proposal : specifies the transmit parameter for
traffic transmitted from the STA to the AP for the 4
Access Categories: Best effort (AC_BE),
Background (AC_BK) Video (AC_VI) and voice
AC_VO. Transmit parameters include contention
window (CWmin CWmax), arbitration Inter Frame
Spacing Number AIFSN, and Transmit opportunity
Limit (TXOP limit ).
WMM TXOP parameters
proposal : specifies the transmit parameter for
traffic transmitted from the TXOP to the AP for the
4 Access Categories: Best effort (AC_BE),
Background (AC_BK) Video (AC_VI) and
voice(AC_VO). Transmit parameters include Short
Retry Limit, Short Fallbk Limit, Long Retry Limit,
Long Fallbk Limit, and Max Rate in 500kbps.
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4.8
Gateway – USB Web Page Group
4.8.1
Media Server
This page controls configuration and scanning of the Gateway's media server.
Choose Scan all Files will scan your approved USB devices for sharing files. Scan
Files by Type for specific file type or all of types for sharing. Choose file types
form Available File Types to Selected File Types.
figure 57: Gateway/USB/Media Server
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4.8.2
USB Basic settings
This page allows basic control of the USB devices shared over the network.
Enable USB
This field controls which USB device (Key or Hard Disk) can
be connected to the Gateway. All will authorize all USB
Devices
connected to
devices. Approved will authorize devices that have been
the USB port:
previously approved on this gateway. None will block any
USB Device on the Gateway. To approve devices (PC), click
on the button Approved Devices.
Enable USB
Devices to be
Shared Storage
Yes or No to decide if you share or not the content of the
USB device. Click on Storage Configuration button to
access the web pages to configure the Storage Device.
Enable the Media Yes or No to activate or the not the DLNA Server (DLNA:
Server (DLNA)
Digital Living Network Alliance). To configure the DLNA
server, click on the button Media Server Configuration.
figure 58: Gateway/USB/USB Basic
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4.8.3
Approved Devices settings
This page allows the configuration of the USB storage device(s) shared over the
network.
Add Available USB Devices as Approved USB Devices then apply changes. If
you want to remove USB devices, propose you press Safely Remove Device
button first.
figure 59: Gateway/USB/Approved Devices
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4.8.4
Storage Basic
This page shows the status of the USB folders shared over the network.
Basic option defines shared files in all approved devices and specified folders or
only specified folders. You can edit Shared Network Folders and observe the
detail of folders.
figure 60: Gateway/USB/Storage Basic
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4.8.5
Storage Advanced
This page shows the status of the folders shared over the network.
Advanced option provides FTP option to share files as a FTP server.
figure 61: Gateway/USB/Storage Advanced
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4.9
VoIP – Basic Web Page Group
4.9.1
Basic LAN
This page displays the basic LAN status of this device, including the downstream
and upstream status, device information, and interface parameters. You can
select specific interface from the Interface Name drop-down menu.
figure 62: VoIP\Basic\Basic LAN
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4.9.2
Hardware Info
The hardware Info is displayed on this page.
figure 63: VoIP\Basic\Hardware Info
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4.9.3
Event Log
The Docsis and PacketCable event logs are displayed on this web page.
figure 64: VoIP\Basic\Event log\DOCSIS
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figure 65: VoIP\Basic\Event log\PacketCable
4.9.4
CM State
This page shows the current state of the cable modem.
figure 66: VoIP\Basic\Cm state
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5. Networking
5.1
Communications
Data communication involves the flow of packets of data from one device to
another. These devices include personal computers, Ethernet, cable modems,
digital routers and switches, and highly integrated devices that combine
functions, like the Wireless Cable Gateway.
The gateway integrates the functionality often found in two separate devices
into one. It’s both a cable modem and an intelligent wireless voice gateway
networking device that can provide a host of networking features, such as NAT
and firewall. Fig.3-1 illustrates this concept, with the cable modem (CM)
functionality on the left, and networking functionality on the right. In this figure,
the numbered arrows represent communication based on source and
destination, as follows:
figure 67: Communication between your PCs and the network side
5.2
Type of communication
1.
Communication between the Internet and your PCs Example: The packets
created by your request for a page stored at a web site, and the contents of
that page sent to your PC.
2. Communication between your cable company and the cable modem side.
Example:
When your cable modem starts up, it must initialize with the cable company,
which requires the cable company to communicate directly with the cable
modem itself.
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3. Communication between your PCs and the networking side.
Example:
The Wireless Cable Gateway offers a number of built-in web pages which
you can use to configure its networking side; when you communicate with
the networking side, your communication is following this path. Each
packet on the Internet addressed to a PC in your home travels from the
Internet down- stream on the cable company’s system to the WAN side of
your Wireless Cable Gateway. There it enters the Cable Modem section,
which inspects the packet, and based on the results, proceeds to either
forward or block the packet from proceeding on to the Networking section.
Similarly, the Networking section then decides whether to forward or block
the packet from proceeding on to your PC. Communication from your
home device to an Internet device works similarly, but in reverse, with the
packet traveling upstream on the cable system.
5.3
Cable Modem (CM) Section
The cable modem (or CM) section of your gateway uses DOCSIS or EURODOCSIS Standard cable modem technology. DOCSIS or EURO-DOCSIS
specifies that TCP/IP over Ethernet style data communication be used between
the WAN interface of your cable modem and your cable company.
A DOCSIS or EURO-DOCSIS modem, when connected to a Cable System
equipped to support such modems, performs a fully automated initialization
process that requires no user intervention. Part of this initialization configures
the cable modem with a CM IP (Cable Modem Internet Protocol) address, as
shown in Figure 3-2, so the cable company can communicate directly with the
CM itself.
5.4
Networking Section
The Networking section of your gateway also uses TCP/IP (Transmission
Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol) for the PCs you connected on the LAN
side. TCP/IP is a networking protocol that provides communication across
interconnected networks, between computers with diverse hardware
architectures and various operating systems.
TCP/IP requires that each communicating device be configured with one or
more TCP/IP stacks, as illustrated by Fig.3-2. On a PC, you often use software
that came with the PC or its network interface (if you purchased a network
interface card separately) to perform this configuration. To communicate with
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the Internet, the stack must also be assigned an IP (Internet Protocol) address.
192.168.100.1 is an example of an IP address. A TCP/IP stack can be configured
to get this IP address by various means, including a DHCP server, by you directly
entering it, or sometimes by a PC generating one of its own.
Ethernet requires that each TCP/IP stack on the Wireless Cable Gateway also
have associated with it an Ethernet MAC (Media Access Control) address. MAC
addresses are permanently fixed into network devices at the time of their
manufacture. 00:90:64:12:B1:91 is an example of a MAC address.
Data packets enter and exit a device through one of its network interfaces. The
gateway offers Ethernet and 802.11b/g/n wireless network interfaces on the
LAN side and the DOCSIS network interface on the WAN side.
When a packet enters a network interface, it is offered to all the TCP/IP stacks
associated with the device side from which it entered. But only one stack can
accept it — a stack whose configured Ethernet address matches the Ethernet
destination address inside the packet. Furthermore, at a packet’s final
destination, its destination IP address must also match the IP address of the
stack.
Each packet that enters a device contains source MAC and IP addresses telling
where it came from, and destination MAC and IP addresses telling where it is
going to. In addition, the packet contains all or part of a message destined for
some application that is running on the destination device. IRC used in an
Internet instant messaging program, HTTP used by a web browser, and FTP
used by a file transfer program are all examples of applications. Inside the
packet, these applications are designated by their port number. Port 80, the
standard HTTP port, is an example of a port number.
The Networking section of the router performs many elegant functions by
recognizing different packet types based upon their contents, such as source
and destination MAC address, IP address, and ports.
5.5
Three Networking Modes
Your gateway can be configured to provide connectivity between your cable
company and your home LAN in any one of three Networking Modes: CM, RG,
and CH. This mode setting is under the control of your cable company, who can
select the mode to match the level of home networking support for which you
have subscribed. All units ship from the factory set for the RG mode, but a
configuration file which the cable company sends the cable modem section
during its initialization can change it.
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5.6
Cable Modem (CM) Mode
figure 68: Cable Modem Mode
figure 69: Two IP stacks are activated in cable modem mode
CM (Cable Modem) Mode provides basic home networking. In this mode, two
IP stacks are active:
• IP Stack 1 - for use by the cable company to communicate with the cable
modem section only. This stack receives its IP address from the cable
company during CM initialization. It uses the MAC address printed on the
label attached to the Wireless Cable gateway.
• IP Stack 2 - for use by you, the end user, to communicate with the cable
modem and Networking sections, to access the internal web page
diagnostics and configuration. This stack uses a fixed IP address:
192.168.100.1. It uses a MAC address 00:10:95:FF:FF:FE.
With CM Mode, your cable company must provide one IP address for the CM
section, plus one for each PC you connect from their pool of available
addresses. Your cable company may have you or your installer manually enter
these assigned addresses into your PC, or use a DHCP Server to communicate
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them to your PCs, or use a method that involves you entering host names into
your PCs.
Note that in CM Mode, packets passing to the Internet to/from your PCs do not
travel through any of the IP stacks; instead they are directly bridged between the
WAN and LAN sides.
5.7
Residential Gateway (RG) Mode
figure 70: Residential Gateway Mode
figure 71: Three IP stacks are activated in cable modem mode
RG (Residential Gateway) Mode provides basic home networking plus NAT
(Network Address Translation). In this mode, three IP stacks are active:
1. IP Stack 1 - for use by the cable company to communicate with the Cable
Modem section only. This stack receives its IP address from the cable
company during CM initialization. It uses the MAC address printed on the
label attached to the Wireless Cable Gateway.
2. IP Stack 3 - for use by you to remotely (i.e. from somewhere on the WAN
side, such as at your remote workplace) communicate with the Cable
Modem and Networking sections, to remotely access the internal web page
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diagnostics and configuration. This stack is also used by your cable
company to deliver packets between the Internet and the gateway’s
networking section so they can be routed to/from your PCs. This stack
requires an IP address assigned by the cable company from their pool of
available addresses. Your cable company may have you or your installer
manually enter assigned addresses into your gateway, or use a DHCP Server
to communicate them, or use a method that involves you entering host
names. This stack uses a MAC address of MAC label + 2 (the MAC label is
found on the bottom of the unit). E.g., if the MAC address is
00:90:64:12:B1:91, this MAC address would be 00:90:64:12:B1:93.
3. IP Stack 5 - for use by you to locally (i.e. from somewhere on the LAN side
in your home) communicate with the Cable Modem and Networking
sections, to access the internal web page diagnostics and configuration.
This stack is also used by the gateway’s networking section to route packets
between the gateway’s Networking section and your PCs. This stack uses a
fixed IP address: 192.168.0.1. It uses a MAC address of MAC label + 4 (the
MAC label is found on the bottom of the unit). E.g., if the MAC address is
00:90:64:12:B1:91, this MAC address would be 00:90:64:12:B1:95.
With RG Mode, your cable company must provide one IP address for the CM
section, plus one for the Networking section, from their pool of available
addresses. With RG Mode, each PC you connect gets an IP address from a
DHCP Server that is part of the Networking section of the gateway.
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6. Frequently asked
questions
It seems that the wireless network is not working
Check the Wireless LED on the front panel. If it is no lighted, press on the WPS
button shortly, less than 1 second, on the side of the modem, and then check
again the Wireless LED. If it is lighted, then the Wireless transmission is enabled.
Can I watch TV, surf the Internet, and talk to my friends through the Wireless
Voice Gateway at the same time?
Absolutely!
What do you mean by “Broadband?”
Simply put, it means you’ll be getting information through a “bigger pipe,” with
more bandwidth, than a standard phone line can offer. A wider, “broader” band
means more information, more quickly.
What is Euro-DOCSIS and what does it mean?
“Data over Cable Service Interface Specifications” is the industry standard that
most cable companies are adopting as they upgrade their systems. Should you
ever decide to move, the Wireless Voice Gateway will work with all upgraded
cable systems that are Euro-DOCSIS-compliant.
What is Euro-PacketCable and what does it mean?
Euro-PacketCable is the industry standard for telephony services that most
cable companies are adopting as they upgrade their systems. Should you ever
decide to move, the Wireless Voice Gateway will work with all upgraded cable
systems that are Euro-PacketCable compliant.
What is Xpress Technology and what does it mean?
It is one of the popular performance-enhancing Wi-Fi technologies, designed
to improve wireless network efficiency and boost throughput. It is more
efficient in mixed environments, and it can work with 802.11a/b/g networks.
When Xpress is turned on, aggregate throughput (the sum of the individual
throughput speeds of each client on the network) can improve by up to 27% in
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802.11g-only networks, and up to 75% in mixed networks comprised of 802.11g
and 802.11b standard equipment. The technology achieves higher throughput
by re-packaging data, reducing the number of overhead control packets, so
that more useful data can be sent during a given amount of time.
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7. Troubleshooting
You can correct most problems you have with your product by consulting the
troubleshooting list that follows.
I can’t access the internet.
•
•
•
Check all of the connections to your Wireless Voice Gateway.
Your Ethernet card may not be working. Check each product’s
documentation for more information.
The Network Properties of your operating system may not be installed
correctly or the settings may be incorrect. Check with your ISP or cable
company.
I can’t get the modem to establish an Ethernet connection.
•
•
Even new computers don’t always have Ethernet capabilities – be sure to
verify that your computer has a properly installed Ethernet card and the
driver software to support it.
Check to see that you are using the right type of Ethernet cable.
The modem won’t register a cable connection.
•
•
•
•
If the modem is in Initialization Mode, the INTERNET light will be flashing.
Call your Cable Company if it has not completed this 5-step process within
30 minutes, and note which step it is getting stuck on.
The modem should work with a standard RG-6 coaxial cable, but if you’re
using a cable other than the one your Cable Company recommends, or if
the terminal connections are loose, it may not work. Check with your Cable
Company to determine whether you’re using the correct cable.
If you subscribe to video service over cable, the cable signal may not be
reaching the modem. Confirm that good quality cable television pictures
are available to the coaxial connector you are using by connecting a
television to it. If your cable outlet is “dead”, call your Cable Company.
Verify that the Cable Modem service is Euro-DOCSIS compliant and
PacketCable compliant by calling your cable provider.
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I don’t hear a dial tone when I use a telephone.
•
•
Telephone service is not activated. If the rightmost light on the Wireless
Voice Gateway stays on while others flash, check with your TSP or cable
company. If the Wireless Voice Gateway is connected to existing house
telephone wiring, make sure that another telephone service is not
connected. The other service can normally be disconnected at the Network
Interface Device located on the outside of the house.
If using the second line on a two-line telephone, use a 2-line to 1-line
adapter cable.
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8. Glossary
10/100/1000 BaseT
Unshielded, twisted pair cable with an RJ-45 connector, used with Ethernet
LAN (Local Area Network). “10/100/1000” indicates speed (10/100/1000 BaseT),
“Base” refers to baseband technology, and “T” means twisted pair cable.
Authentication
The process of verifying the identity of an entity on a network.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol)
A protocol which allows a server to dynamically assign IP addresses to
workstations on the fly.
Ethernet adapters
A plug-in circuit board installed in an expansion slot of a personal computer.
The Ethernet card (sometimes called a Network Interface Card , network
adapter or NIC) takes parallel data from the computer, converts it to serial data,
puts it into a packet format, and sends it over the 10/100/1000 BaseT LAN cable.
DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications)
A project with the objective of developing a set of necessary specifications and
operations support interface specifications for Cable Modems and associated
equipment.
F Connector
A type of coaxial connector, labeled CABLE IN on the rear of the Wireless Voice
Gateway that connects the modem to the cable system.
HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)
Invisible to the user, HTTP is used by servers and clients to communicate and
display information on a client browser.
Hub
A device used to connect multiple computers to the Wireless Voice Gateway.
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IP Address
A unique, 32-bit address assigned to every device in a network. An IP (Internet
Protocol) address has two parts: a network address and a host address. This
modem receives a new IP address from your cable operator via DHCP each time
it goes through Initialization Mode.
Key exchange
The swapping of mathematical values between entities on a network in order to
allow encrypted communication between them.
MAC Address
The permanent “identity” for a device programmed into the Media Access
Control layer in the network architecture during the modem’s manufacture.
NID
Network Interface Device, the interconnection between the internal house
telephone wiring and a conventional telephone service provider’s equipment.
These wiring connections are normally housed in a small plastic box located on
an outer wall of the house. It is the legal demarcation between the subscriber’s
property and the service provider’s property.
PacketCable
A project with the objective of developing a set of necessary telephony
specifications and operations support interface specifications for Wireless Voice
Gateways and associated equipment used over the DOCSIS based cable
network.
PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network)
The worldwide voice telephone network which provides dial tone, ringing, fullduplex voice band audio and optional services using standard telephones.
Provisioning
The process of enabling the Media Terminal Adapter (MTA) to register and
provide services over the network.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
A networking protocol that provides communication across interconnected
networks, between computers with diverse hardware architectures and various
operating systems.
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TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol, the system by which the Media Terminal Adapter’s
configuration data file is downloaded.
TSP
Telephony Service Provider, an organization that provides telephone services
such as dial tone, local service, long distance, billing and records, and
maintenance.
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
USB is a “plug-and-play” interface between a computer and add-on devices,
such as a Wireless Voice Gateway.
Xpress Technology
One of the popular performance-enhancing WiFi technologies, designed to
improve wireless network efficiency and boost throughput. It is more efficient
in mixed environments, and it can work with 802.11a/b/g networks.
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Ondanks alle aan deze handleiding
bestede zorg kan Ziggo geen
aansprakelijkheid aanvaarden voor
schade die het gevolg is van enige
onvolkomenheid of fout in deze
uitgave. De handleiding is
uitdrukkelijk niet bedoeld ter nadere
invulling of toelichting op de
algemene voorwaarden. Derhalve
kunnen er geen rechten aan
ontleend worden.
Alle rechten voorbehouden. Niets uit
deze uitgave mag worden
verveelvoudigd, opgeslagen in een
geautomatiseerd gegevensbestand,
en/of openbaar gemaakt in enige
vorm of op enige wijze, hetzij
elektronisch, mechanisch, door
fotokopieën, opnamen, of enige
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GEA.INT.TECHNI.1410 | Versie 1.0 | Oktober 2014
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