Installation Guide
Revision-a
WatchMan
Simple Serial Bus
Intelligent 8 line DCC Current Detector
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Copyright
This document is Copyright © February 2014 by RR-CirKits, Inc.. You may
distribute it under the terms of either the GNU General Public License, version 3
or later (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html), or the Creative Commons
Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), version 3.0 or
later.
All trademarks within this guide belong to their legitimate owners.
Authors
Dick Bronson
Feedback
Please direct any comments or suggestions about this document to:
dick@rr-cirkits.com
Contact Information
http://www.rr-cirkits.com
sales@rr-cirkits.com
service@rr-cirkits.com
1-704-843-3769
Fax: 1-704-243-4310
RR-CirKits, Inc.
7918 Royal Ct.
Waxhaw, NC USA 28173
Publication date and software version
Published February 2014. Based on WatchMan Rev-a.
WARNING:
This product contains a chemical known to the state of California to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm. Do not ingest.
You can download an editable version of this document from
http://www.rr-cirkits.com/manuals/WatchMan-manual-a.odt
Contents
Copyright ...................................................................................................................2
Overview ....................................................................................................................4
1.0 Features ...............................................................................................................5
2.0 Getting Started ....................................................................................................5
2.1 Create a Defult Roster Entry as a template ....................................................5
2.2 Create a New Roster Entry for each WatchMan .............................................6
2.3 Edit the new Roster Entry ...............................................................................6
3.0 Power and Serial Connections .............................................................................7
3.1 LocoNet® Compatible Simple Serial Bus Connector ......................................7
3.2 Power Connections ..........................................................................................8
3.2.1 Simple Serial Bus Gateway .......................................................................8
3.2.1 Simple Serial Bus Adapter ........................................................................9
3.3 Status Indicators ..............................................................................................9
3.4 JP1 Mode Selection jumpers ............................................................................9
4.0 Output Connections ...........................................................................................10
4.1 I/O Port ..........................................................................................................10
4.1.1 Configuration...........................................................................................10
4.1.2 Input-Output mode...................................................................................11
4.1.3 Context Sensitive Display........................................................................11
4.1.4 Composite Type.......................................................................................11
4.2.3 WatchMan Secondary Messages .............................................................12
4.3.1 WatchMan I/O Connector Wiring.............................................................13
5.0 WatchMan Detection Coil Connections .............................................................13
5.1 CT Coil Wiring ...............................................................................................13
5.2 Auto Set .........................................................................................................15
6.0 WatchMan Logic Statements .............................................................................15
6.1 Logic Blocks ...................................................................................................15
6.2 Variables ........................................................................................................16
6.3 Functions .......................................................................................................16
6.4 ABS and APB Signal examples ......................................................................17
7.0 WatchMan compatible Input/Output Cards .......................................................17
7.1 BOD-8 (DCC Block Occupancy Detector - 8 block)........................................17
7.2 OIB-8 (Opto Isolator Board - 8 input) ............................................................17
7.3 SCSD-8 (Single Coil Solenoid Driver) ............................................................18
7.4 4ASD-4 (4 Aspect Signal Driver - 4 head)......................................................19
7.5 SDB-4 (4 Aspect Searchlight Signal Driver - 4 head).....................................19
7.6 SMD-8 (Stall Motor Driver – 8 line) ...............................................................19
7.7 DCDB-8 (Direct Current Driver Board - 8 line) .............................................20
7.8 RB-4 (Relay Board - 4 x SPDT) ......................................................................20
7.9 FOB-A (Fan Out Board) ..................................................................................21
8.0 Trouble shooting ...............................................................................................21
8.1 Sanity Test .....................................................................................................21
8.2 Activity Test ...................................................................................................22
8.3 Factory Reset .................................................................................................22
9.0 Boot Loader .......................................................................................................23
10.0 Grounding and Isolation ..................................................................................24
11.0 Warranty Information ......................................................................................24
12.0 FCC Information ..............................................................................................25
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
3
Overview
The WatchMan Simple Serial Bus interface provides a simple and easy way to
connect between a LocoNet® bus and the layout. The WatchMan may be
connected at any convenient point on the Simple Serial Bus.
LocoNet® is a registered trademark of Digitrax. www.digitrax.com
WatchMan
WatchMan Connectors
4
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
1.0 Features
• Includes 8 detector amplifiers for DCC current Detection. Coils not included.
• Detection levels adjustable from ½ ma to 20 ma DCC. (20K ohm or less)
• Train current maximum of 10A or more.
• Software (JMRI DecoderPro) settable sensitivity. Includes AutoSet option.
• Support for 8 auxiliary Input/Output lines.
• Auxiliary port includes drive for any combination of:
• Up to 8 Input Lines or 8 Output Lines.
• Internal Logic Blocks with up to 32 conditional statements.
• Communicates over the Simple Serial Bus which is a 3 wire LocoNet®
compatible serial interface.
• CV controlled programming via Software. (e.g. JMRI DecoderPro 3.6 or
later.) Both reading and writing of CV values is supported in OPs mode over
the LocoNet® compatible Simple Serial Bus connection.
• I/O Lines may be configured as TowerController compatible ports or as
individual lines.
• Automatically saves input/output states during power down.
• Boot Loader allows firmware upgrades over the LocoNet® compatible Simple
Serial Bus connection.
• Power is supplied over the Simple Serial Bus.
2.0 Getting Started
We suggest that you use a computer program such as the JMRI DecoderPro (3.6 or
later) to setup the WatchMan. The "point and click" interface will save you much
time and frustration while setting the many possible options that you will need to
configure.
OPS Mode Address: Each WatchMan has a single address that is used for OPS
mode programming on the layout. Each individual WatchMan on your layout may
have its own address, (recommended) or a single WatchMan may use the jumper
selectable pre-programmed default address of 9999.
2.1 Create a Defult Roster Entry as a template
Follow the following steps:
a) Open the 'OPs Mode
Programmer'
and select 'Roster' – 'Create
Entry'.
b) Next Select 'RR-CirKits' 'Decoders' - 'WatchMan' as the decoder
type. Set the format: to 'Advanced' then Click
'Open Programmer'.
2.0 Getting Started
5
c) Once the Decoder File opens, go to the 'Basic' tab, check '4 digit addressing'
and enter an address of '9999' in the 'Long Address' box.
d) Go to the 'WatchMan' tab.
e) Set 'Master mode' as
follows:
• For use with a LocoNet® compatible command station select 'No'.
• For use with any other, or no command station, select 'Enabled'.
f) Set 'OPs Mode Programming' as follows:
• To only use the default address of 9999 with JP1 1-3 on all WatchMan
units select 'No'.
• For user defined individual addressing select 'Enable'. (recommended)
g) Go to the 'Roster Entry' tab, enter an ID (e.g.
'WatchMan Default') and then click on the
'Save to Roster' button.
h) Close the new default decoder file.
(template)
2.2 Create a New Roster Entry for each WatchMan
Follow the following steps:
a) Open the 'OPs Mode Programmer' and
select 'Roster' – 'Copy Entry...'.
b) Select 'WatchMan Default' as the original.
c) Enter a new roster id for each new
WatchMan.
d) Close each new entry by clicking on OK.
2.3 Edit the new Roster Entry
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
6
This Ops mode address is only used to configure the WatchMan. It has nothing
to do with the addresses that each line will use to respond to input or output
commands.
Connect the unit's LocoNet® compatible Simple Serial Bus to any point on your
system's bus. The yellow command indicator will light each time the WatchMan
initiates or responds to a LocoNet® command.
Apply Power to the WatchMan. The green power ON status indicator should
illuminate.
Once the WatchMan is operating, all actual configuration, including any
changes to the address, must be done with the JMRI 'Operations Mode
Programmer'.
When a WatchMan is powered up for the first time it will have a default address
of 9999 to match the roster entry that you have just created from the
'WatchMan Default' template.
If this WatchMan has an unknown address, Install the option
select jumper JP1 at 1-3. The JP1 1-3 jumper will force the
WatchMan into OPs mode and it will respond to both address
9999 and also what ever address was set by the CVs. This
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
always allows you to take control of any WatchMan and correct any setup
errors. The JP1 1-3 jumper also forces the WatchMan into Master Mode
Enabled for use on a stand alone bus.
Any changed address will only take effect after the power has been cycled on
the WatchMan.
The WatchMan decoder file is large. You must use JMRI version 3.6 or later.
(3.7.2 test or later) You also must not attempt to open two different
programming windows at the same time. This may exceed the JMRI internal
memory allocations.
It is recommended that you give the WatchMan a long address in the range of
10000-16383 to avoid potential conflicts with locos if your command station
allows it. This address must not conflict with that of any Locomotives or any
other devices in use on the layout, as no distinction is made between mobile
and fixed decoders in OPS mode.
Change any other information that you want to at this time, write all changes to
the WatchMan, then save to the roster.
Remove the JP1 1-3 jumper if it was used, then power cycle the WatchMan to
activate its new address.
You should now be able to interface to your Railroad from your software and
make changes using its new assigned address.
Tip
Remember, to modify, or restore an unknown address, you first power
up the unit, then set the program option (JP1) to 1-3 and use the
default 9999 address to re-program the unit. The unit will not power
up with the jumper 1-3 in place. Always power it up first, then add the
jumper.
3.0 Power and Serial Connections
The WatchMan (8 Detectors & 8 Line I/O Board) has five connectors and two status
indicators. Two of these terminals are for connections to the system. One
connector is for the I/O lines. The other two are used as connections to the
detector CT coils. This section covers the system connections consisting of the
serial port connectors, power connections and Status indicators.
3.1 LocoNet® Compatible Simple Serial Bus
Connector
The serial port connection is made to the WatchMan via the Simple Serial Bus
(SSB) cable connected to either of the two screw terminals. (3 pin) Simple Serial
Bus cables are normally wired straight through, but no harm comes from an
accidental reversal. The SSB wiring passes straight through both connectors.
3.0 Power and Serial Connections
7
Pin outs for the Simple Serial Bus data connector:
Pin
Description
1
DC
2
LocoNet® Serial line
3
DC
Simple Serial Bus power is supplied on Pin 1 and Pin 3. Power can be +12V DC or
greater. Serial port Pin 2 is the LocoNet® compatible Simple Serial Bus signal line.
The Simple Serial Bus connectors will accept wire from 16 AWG to 22 AWG. For
larger wire sizes simply attach a tail of smaller gauge wire to extend from the main
bus wires to the WatchMan connectors. It may help to tin stranded conductors to
prevent any stray strands from causing short circuits.
3.2 Power Connections
The WatchMan requires an external power source of between 12 and 18 volts DC
supplied on the Simple Serial Bus. Polarity is not important.
3.2.1 Simple Serial Bus Gateway
The Simple Serial Bus Gateway unit is a convenient way to supply the required
power to the WatchMan and other Simple Serial Bus boards over single or dual 3
wire cables. It also includes both a LocoNet® terminator and power to the
RailSync lines as options for stand alone LocoNet® users. In addition it provides
an easy point to connect up to 5 LocoNet® cables for compatible devices such as
the LocoBuffer-USB computer interface
Simple Serial Bus Gateway
8
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
3.2.1 Simple Serial Bus Adapter
For Digitrax users and other users with an existing LocoNet a simpler connection
and power option is the SSB Adapter. The SSB Adapter may also be used to
supply additional power to a SSB Gateway based network if required.
SSB Adapter
3.3 Status Indicators
The WatchMan has two status indicators located near to the Simple Serial Bus
connectors. The green ON status indicator shows the power status of the
WatchMan itself. The yellow COM (command) indicator normally shows all data
activity addressed to, or coming from, this specific WatchMan, and also any
activity/error status during a boot loader firmware upgrade. (see section 8.0) The
COM indicator also warns of a low voltage condition by flashing slowly until the
voltage is restored to normal.
3.4 JP1 Mode Selection jumpers
The WatchMan has a single Mode Jumper, JP1. This selects the mode and options.
JP1 has 4 valid positions:
a) None = Serial mode. (LocoNet® data) Simple Serial Bus
mode. (use with JP2 1–2) Read only at power up.
b) 1 – 3 = OPs Mode Programming. Read after power up.
Note
The 1-3 jumper is not allowed during power up. It causes a rapid flash error
warning if it is in place at power up.
c) 3 – 4 = Boot Loader mode. Serial Mode only. Read only at power up.
3.0 Power and Serial Connections
9
Warning
For proper Boot Loader error status reporting be sure to remove Boot
Loader jumper 3 – 4 after power up. The Boot Loader status is
maintained until power is cycled or the boot process has completed.
d) 2 – 4 = Test Mode. Input states are connected directly to the Auxiliary port.
Note
The 2-4 Test Mode jumper may also be used to create a stand alone
detector board with simple logic level outputs.
The use of an I/O Test
Board and the 2-4 test
mode jumper makes it easy
to see the current status of
each detection channel
during trouble shooting or
AutoSet without changing
the normal Auxiliary
connector's configuration.
The use of a ribbon cable
extension allows viewing
the WatchMan board's
status from any convenient
location.
I/O Test Board
4.0 Output Connections
We suggest that the user take advantage of JMRI DecoderPro or a similar program
to set the WatchMan configuration values, rather than attempting to use a hand
held controller due to the large number of items to set, and the inability of a hand
held to access 5 digit addresses. Current versions of DP also have the capability of
setting groups of values with one selection.
4.1 I/O Port
The WatchMan has one Input / Output port for a total of 8 lines. The port is
normally configured as either all Inputs or all Outputs to be compatible with the
various RR-CirKits I/O modules. However each line may be individually set as
either input or output for special purposes.
Any special effects may be applied differently for each line. E.g. one line may be
held steady while another sends a pulse or is blinking a crossing signal.
4.1.1 Configuration
The following examples are using JMRI DecoderPro files for the WatchMan.
10
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
To prevent any confusion the WatchMan decoder file presents all input and output
events in their common formats. For example LS9 is simply entered as 'Sensor
Message 9' not 'unit #2, AuxA' or some such board oriented notation. This allows
assigning any desired event to any line, no matter which board it is connected to. It
may cause an issue with RR&Co that does not allow selections by the actual event
numbers. You may need to convert to 'BDL' speak to set the expected numbers.
4.1.2 Input-Output mode
The first selection seen on each line is its direction.
Select the appropriate one. Normally a complete port
will be assigned as either input or output lines, but
this not required if your application allows. One
example may be direct driving LEDs (using external resistors) and monitoring push
button contacts in a local fascia control panel.
4.1.3 Context Sensitive Display
The WatchMan decoder file attempts to show a context sensitive display of the
options presented.
For example in the above snapshot I have selected line #1 as a 'Driver' and line
#2 as a 'Block Detector'. (Note the 'Type' selection box at the end of each row) The
items displayed for the output line include its type (Pulse, Blink) and its timing
values. A 'Short Pulse' with 'Steady' length is interpreted as a continuous output,
not a pulse. In the same location in the 'Input' line we find the contact 'De-bounce'
timing value. For example if your external 'block detectors' do not include built in
noise suppression for dirty track you might use a long value here to compensate
for that. Note that the default value is sufficient to de-bounce noisy mechanical
contacts. The WatchMan would not normally be used to drive signals, so the Signal
mode is not made context sensitive.
4.1.4 Composite Type
JMRI decoder files include the option of a combo box
that presets multiple options at one time. In this
example we see some of these pre-configured types
available. If you make changes to individual settings
then the 'Type' box may change to 'Custom' indicating
that JMRI does not recognize the new configuration.
'Custom' does not mean that your configuration will
not work for your purposes. For example using a
longer pulse timing for a stubborn dual coil switch
4.0 Output Connections
11
machine will work, but it will show as 'Custom' to serve as a warning against
possible coil over heating.
• Block Detector – Many external block detectors (such as the BOD-8) have a
low output when occupied. The 'Block Detector' setting compensates for this
by sending an inverted response.
• SPST On-Off Sensor – Sensors may be of either polarity, so this setting
allows you to set either 'send normal' or 'send inverted' as the message type.
If your block sensors do not have an inverted output, then use this option.
• SPST Alt Button – Sometimes a single button can be used to send
alternating commands. One example would be when controlling a local
turnout from the fascia. The operator can easily see the position, and press
the button if it needs to be changed. To do this set the 'SPST Alt Button'
option, which customizes the WatchMan to send a 'Switch Request'
Message'. This option only sends as the button is closed.
• Paired Button Inputs – When you need two buttons that send paired
events, then this setting does the job. It reserves two lines and uses the
event ID that you assign to the first line. Each button only sends when it is
closed. One sends normal and the other sends inverted outputs. It may be
customized to send 'Switch Request' messages to directly control turnouts.
• Driver – This option is used with simple outputs such as stall motor drivers,
relays, or direct drive lamps. It It normally responds to 'Switch Request'
messages. It may be customized to respond to sensors, for example to light
occupancy lamps that follow block sensors. It also may respond to either the
normal or inverted commands.
• Dual Coil – This specialized output option pairs lines and sends a short pulse
as an output, closed on one, and thrown on the other. Of course the
WatchMan does not have enough power to drive the coils of a turnout motor
directly, so a board such as the SCSD-8 needs to be used to actually power
the coils. As in other paired options, just the event ID entered in the first
option box is used. Any event entered in the second line of the pair is
ignored.
• Dual Inverted – This is simply an easy way to reverse the direction of the
Dual Coil option without crawling under the layout.
• Signal – The signal option also pairs output lines. It also changes the
interpretation of the two primary events to emulate the Digitrax SE8c
behavior. For most users the better option would be to use a SignalMan.
However for driving 4ASD-4 or SDB-4 boards this option does the job. Also it
is possible to connect the SMD-8 board with TAB-3 options to drive
Semaphore signals with Tortoise actuators.
4.2.3 WatchMan Secondary Messages
In these examples there are no second or third messages being sent. However
additional messages may be sent if desired, for example to activate a 'Next'
turnout whenever the 'first' is sent in order to sequence a yard ladder. These
additional messages, if enabled, are sent whenever the primary event occurs.
Another simple example would be to allow two or even three different messages to
be sent when a single button is pressed. A bit more complex use would be to send
one message when a button or sensor is activated, and to send a different message
12
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
when it is released. If a secondary message is configured as 'respond norm' or
'respond inv' then the selected event will control the output just as the primary
event does. For example a single event could be master reset for many turnouts.
4.3.1 WatchMan I/O Connector Wiring
The auxiliary port connector's wiring is as follows. Note that the pin numbers and
I/O line numbers are NOT the same, and actually run in opposite order from each
other.
Pin number
Connection name
1
line 8
2
line 7
3
line 6
4
line 5
5
Ground
6
+5VDC
7
line 4
8
line 3
9
line 2
10
line 1
10 position IDC cable
5.0 WatchMan Detection Coil Connections
The small CT (Current Transformer) detection coils are placed directly on the track
feeders where they belong. The WatchMan uses 100:1 Current Transformer (CT)
coils to measure the DCC current flowing in any wire.
The use of CT coils means that there are no track voltage losses associated with
the detectors. Normal DCC detection levels are 1ma. but may be adjusted from ½
ma to higher levels with the on board digital pots set by sliders in DecoderPro.
CT coils do not work for detection on pure DC power, but many modern power
supplies use pulsed outputs which may allow detection with the WatchMan. Other
control systems may provide AC to the rails at all times and also be detectable.
5.1 CT Coil Wiring
Simple lengths of the commonly available CAT-5 or similar cables may be used to
connect up to 4 CT coils, one coil for each pair. Each coil should be connected to
its input terminals with its own twisted pair wire. Do not connect any CT coil or its
wiring to any other coils or wiring.
Do not run the twisted pairs in close proximity to severe electrical noise sources
such as unshielded florescent lamps with electronic ballasts.
Do not use straight wiring. The twisted pair wiring serves to cancel out most
electrical noise in the sensitive circuits.
5.0 WatchMan Detection Coil Connections
13
14
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
5.2 Auto Set
For most conditions using 10KΩ wheel sets, the default mid setting (128) of the
digital sensitivity potentiometers will suffice. However if you are using 20KΩ
wheel sets, or have unusually long blocks you may desire to change these settings.
In the case of the 20KΩ wheel sets you will need to increase the sensitivity. In the
case of long blocks or complex wiring you may need to reduce the sensitivity.
To aid in this process we have included an automated sensitivity
setting process called AutoSet that lets you fine tune your settings.
The detectors are each shown on the 'Sensitivity' pane in the order
that they appear on the WatchMan's connectors. Sensitivity Values
range from 1-255. To manually adjust the sensitivity simply move the
slider and then click on 'Write changes on sheet' to store the new
value.
To AutoSet a detector channel be sure that track power is on. Clip a
single wheel set or matching resistor to the track to maintain a good
connection. Check the 'AutoSet' box, and then 'Write changes on
sheet'. To read back the present setting of the sensitivity, do 'Read
full sheet'. Note: The 'AutoSet' process may take some time to
complete for each channel. When the 'AutoSet' box has been
automatically un-checked, then the slider shows the new found
sensitivity value.
The AutoSet process rapidly changes the sensitivity up or down until it detects the
resistor or wheel set. It then moves the sensitivity more slowly until the resistor is
detected again. It then adds the value selected by the 'Margin' slider to the actual
auto detected sensitivity to allow for any changes during normal operations.
Of course you may override any sensitivity by setting a new value on the slider and
then 'Write changes on sheet'. Any number of channels may be AutoSet at one
time. Just be sure that each has a resistor connected.
If you do the AutoSet process with no occupancy resistor attached to the rails, then
the sensitivity will be set to the maximum allowed by stray noise plus the margin.
This could mean that the block remains 'occupied' at all times. In that case
manually reduce the sensitivity by at least double the margin value.
6.0 WatchMan Logic Statements
In addition to the optional secondary messages, the WatchMan contains 32 logic
statements. Each statement may be used to create a new command based on one
or two conditionals.
6.1 Logic Blocks
A logic 'block' consists of several statements all related to a single group. To
calculate this logic, each logic block is treated as a group of statements
6.0 WatchMan Logic Statements
15
independent of any other groups. The logic in any group will only be evaluated
when some variable contained in that block changes state. This logic is event
driven, not state driven. The logic blocks are used to do signaling logic or other
animations such as controlling grade crossings. Each statement of this table
consists of an identifier and two memory locations that remember the last
command given for any items they are 'watching'. These memory locations
remember the event information from the last seen commands to allow decision
making. Any changes to these memory locations that cause a block to become
'true' will generate a new evaluation of the logic block, possibly sending out a new
command.
Logic block statements for signals are required to be grouped together from the
most restrictive aspect to the least restrictive aspect. The last entry of every block
is marked by checking the 'End Logic Block' check box. Each entry that is to be
evaluated must have its 'Enable' box checked. Each individual block evaluation is
done from top down in the list, and all evaluation for that
block is terminated with the first matching statement or
when the “End Logic Block” check box is reached. If no
enabled Mast-Aspect evaluates to 'true' then no Mast-Aspect message is sent, and
evaluation ceases until some watched variable in that block changes again.
6.2 Variables
Each statement contains zero to two variables for identifying the required sensor,
turnout, and/or following signal's aspect information in order to do simple signal
interlocking. Any logic
statement evaluates to true
only if its function and variables are true. A blank variable entry is considered to
be true. Thus a blank entry at the end of a logic block will cause a default message
to be sent if no previous statement with the same group number has been
evaluated to 'true'.
The state of all variables is remembered internally in order to
compare them. A change in either variable's state will trigger a
new comparison. This dual variable capability makes it easy to
calculate a signal aspect or train direction based on turnout
position and occupancy.
6.3 Functions
The 'Function' column has options for AND, and OR statements. The 'When'
selection entry expands this capability. Especially note the 'V1 THEN V2' option.
This allows you to only trigger on V2 if V1 was previously true. This makes it easy
to determine train direction simply by using two occupancy sensors.
A statement may optionally send an event when true. To send an event define the
event to be sent and check the 'Enable' check box. Events sent may be LocoNet
sensor, switch, or switch feedback messages. Events may also be NMRA DCC
Signal Mast commands. (a mast number plus its aspect)
16
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
6.4 ABS and APB Signal examples
For examples of using logic to control signals see the SignalMan manual. The
WatchMan logic may be used to expand a SignalMan's logic table if more
statements are required.
7.0 WatchMan compatible Input/Output Cards
The RR-CirKits WatchMan and its compatible I/O modules are designed to be
clipped into Tyco 3-1/4" Snap-Track® mounted to the bench work. (Snap-Track®
is a plastic channel designed to mount PC cards to a chassis, not something to run
trains on.)
Each I/O module is equipped with two connectors to facilitate these connections. A
single WatchMan or compatible I/O module fits into the 3TK2-1 (single) mounting
track. Other widths are available for compact installations using multiple boards.
7.1 BOD-8
(DCC Block Occupancy Detector - 8 block)
Like the WatchMan, the BOD-8 does not expect you to re-wire
your layout to bring track feeders to the detector cards. The
small CT (Current Transformer) detection coils are placed
directly on the track feeders where they belong. Simple lengths
of Cat-5 cable are the usual way to run the signals back to the
detector boards. Use of CT coils means that there are no track voltage losses
associated with the detectors. Normal detection levels are 1ma. but may be
adjusted to higher levels with on board pots. This board may be used to extend the
WatchMan to 16 blocks of detection.
During a DCC bus power failure the Power-Lok input on the BOD-8 instantly locks
the current state of each block detector. I.e. the state of the layout does NOT
change during a DCC power outage, neither to all occupied, nor to all vacant. It
just suspends sending any occupancy changes until after power is restored and
things have stabilized again. If you do not want the feature there is a jumper to
disable it.
The BOD-8 outputs are low during detection so the WatchMan should be
configured as "Block Detector" for each line of a port that is connected to a BOD-8.
This inverts the input lines to match the BOD-8 and most types of detector outputs.
7.2 OIB-8
(Opto Isolator Board - 8 input)
This 8 input board is used when a non-isolated source of voltage
needs to be monitored and input to the WatchMan. One example
7.0 WatchMan compatible Input/Output Cards
17
would be to monitor the DCC voltage on a set of points to determine the position of
a turnout without using auxiliary contacts.
This board may be configured to monitor the absence or presence of an AC or DC
signal. It may also be configured to monitor the polarity of a DC signal. This board
requires 10ma. for reliable operation and includes pads for the customer supplied
dropping resistors.
The line 'Type' should be set to 'SPST On-Off Sensor' and may be either polarity.
7.3 SCSD-8
(Single Coil Solenoid Driver)
The SCSD-8 Output Module is designed to drive individual
solenoid coils or other high voltage high power devices. Normally
the input voltage should not exceed 35VDC. The SCSD-8 board is
optically isolated from the driving circuitry to protect the
WatchMan or other control device from the high power outputs.
When driving single coils or high power loads configure the 'Type'
as 'Driver'.
By using the proper options on the WatchMan the SCSD-8 may also be used to
control dual coil momentary switch machines. In 'Dual Coil' mode the output lines
are paired such that the lines requires just single addresses. Setting the Port
'Direction' to 'Output' and the Port 'Toggle' bit to 'Paired' places the port into
paired mode. Each line of a pair normally responds to either 'Closed' or 'Thrown'
with the output action selected for each line. This action will normally be a 0.1
second pulse when driving solenoids.
The lines are paired and only the primary event of the first line of each pair will be
used. In this example 'LT9 closed' and 'LT9 Thrown' will be used. LT10 is ignored.
Dual coil operation should not be attempted if the switch machine power supply is
not of the capacitive discharge type that will limit the long term current to a low
value in case of hardware or configuration errors.
Failure to observe this precaution may result in destruction of equipment
and be a fire hazard!
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WatchMan Manual Rev-a
7.4 4ASD-4
(4 Aspect Signal Driver - 4 head)
This output board drives up to 4 four aspect signal heads with 9VDC. The outputs
are multiplexed to allow 4 heads on a single 10 wire flat ribbon
cable. LED current dropping resistors are included on the board
allowing the signals to be directly attached to the cables without
purchasing any extra hardware for each signal. To control the
fourth aspect two CV's are required and "signal" mode must be
enabled:
1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th lines: this 'Timing' byte controls the timing of the
flashing aspect;
2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th lines: this 'Timing' byte selects the two alternating
aspect colors.
Normally the 4th aspect will be set to 'dark' and the JMRI software will blink the
signal if a flashing mode is required by sending alternate 'dark' and 'color'
commands. Select 'SE8c 4 Aspect' as the JMRI signal type for this application. It is
also possible to allow the WatchMan to directly flash the signals in the 4th aspect
selection. The selection of 'LDT LS-DEC' as the signal type will make this easier to
configure.
The user should consider the use of the newer SignalMan instead of the 4ASD-4
because it includes superior options at a similar per head cost.
7.5 SDB-4
(4 Aspect Searchlight Signal Driver - 4 head)
The user should consider the use of the newer SignalMan instead
of the SDB-4 because it has improved options and a better per
head cost.
7.6 SMD-8
(Stall Motor Driver – 8 line)
The SMD-8 board contains 8 individual, optically isolated, HBridge drivers. This allows the board to be powered from any
supply between 9 Volts and 18 Volts. It is primarily designed to
drive stall motor turnout machines such as those found in
Tortoise® and Switchcraft® machines . Do not exceed 15VAC or
24VDC at the power input.
This board includes an adjustable regulator to allow you to control the speed of
7.0 WatchMan compatible Input/Output Cards
19
your switch machine motors. This regulator will draw 100ma. plus your load
current, and the board normally runs warm even with no load.
'Driver' is the proper option for this board. It may be set to 'respond normal' or
'respond inverted' to control the direction of the turnout in relation to 'closed' and
'thrown'.
7.7 DCDB-8
(Direct Current Driver Board - 8 line)
The DCDB-8 driver board contains 8 individual, optically isolated,
H-Bridge drivers. This allows the board outputs to be powered
from any supply between 8 Volts and 28Volts. It is primarily
designed to drive small DC motors. Do not exceed 24VAC or
36VDC at the power input. This board includes an on-board 5V
switching regulator to allow safe operation at high voltages. The
regulator will draw 50-100ma. plus your load current, and normally runs warm
even with no load.
The DCDB-8 drivers include clamp diodes and may be used to directly drive
inductive loads such as relay or solenoid coils if desired. The outputs are wired in
an "H" bridge configuration but may be used single ended. Both positive and
negative common return points are provided for single ended operation.
The DCDB-8 outputs are rated at 600ma. per line, not to exceed 1.2A peak for
100µs non repetitive. The board includes an auto reset fuse that will prevent
extended operation in excess of 1A total continuous output current per board, but
it will NOT protect it from from direct short circuit currents. Short circuits on any
output line may destroy the board, so be careful with your wiring.
The DCDB-8 input lines are active low so all lines on this WatchMan port should
be configured as "Driver". This inverted input mode matches most types of driver
outputs, and the drive polarity may be easily switched either in the WatchMan
setup or by reversing the DCDB-8 output lines.
7.8 RB-4
(Relay Board - 4 x SPDT)
Relay Board - 4 is a Quad 10A SPDT relay board with logic level
drivers. It is suitable for use with WatchMan, TC-64, LNCP, or
other logic output devices. It requires 12V auxiliary power to drive
the relay coils. Auxiliary power is optically isolated from the logic
inputs for double isolation. LED indicators for each relay make it
easy to monitor activity.
In some cases it may be suitable to use the 12V SSB power to supply the RB-2
20
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
relays, but be sure that you do not exceed the available current on the SSB line.
Each RB-4 may draw up to 150ma. at 12VDC.
Includes dual ribbon connectors with offset lines to allow easy connection as
output 1-4, or output 5-8, of the WatchMan, or other driver.
The RB-4 input lines are active low so all lines on this WatchMan port should be
configured as "Driver". This inverted input mode matches most types of driver
outputs, and the drive polarity may be easily switched either in the WatchMan
setup or by reversing the RB-4 output contacts.
7.9 FOB-A
(Fan Out Board)
This board is a convenient way to convert from 10 pin ribbon
cable to compression terminals. It may be used for inputs or
outputs, and includes pads for mounting resistors such as
required for connecting LEDs used for direct drive signals or
panels.
'SPST On-Off Sensor' is the usual setting for the FOB-A used for input lines. For
input lines jumper wires will need to be installed for each line. Do not exceed 5V
on any input or the WatchMan will be damaged.
'Driver' is the proper output option for this board. It may be set to 'respond normal'
or 'respond inverted' to control the polarity of the output in relation to 'closed' and
'thrown'.
8.0 Trouble shooting
8.1 Sanity Test
To perform a very basic WatchMan sanity test perform the following steps:
• Power up the WatchMan by plugging it into the power supply.
• The green power LED should come on.
• The previous output states should be automatically be restored.
Or
• Apply the JP1 1 – 3 option jumper.
8.0 Trouble shooting
21
• Power up the WatchMan by plugging it into the power supply.
• This causes an error and the COM LED should flash rapidly if the unit is
operational.
If the green power LED does not light, be sure that a power supply is connected to
the Simple Serial Bus, and provides at least 11V to the WatchMan. The WatchMan
includes internal power monitoring circuits, and will not restart operation until the
supply voltage stabilizes at higher than 10VDC. The green power LED will initially
light at much lower voltages, so it is not a reliable indicator of suitable power. A
slow flash of the yellow LED indicates a low voltage condition has occurred.
• If a volt meter is not available you can do a quick test by removing the power,
applying the JP1 1-3 option jumper, then restoring the jumper. If the COM
LED flashes rapidly, then the power up sequencing has completed OK. Be
sure to restore the jumper to its normal position after the test.
8.2 Activity Test
The WatchMan's input circuit and code sends data directly to the unit's processor,
so if you send any command to the unit it should immediately be seen on the
command (COM) LED. This test uses the free software available from the JMRI
project to watch the test commands. (www.jmri.org)
Steps:
• Open the JMRI LocoNet® Monitor window. Using the turnout control send a
command to any output line on this WatchMan. The command should appear
in the LocoNet® monitor window and the WatchMan command (Y) LED
should blink.
• The connected output should respond.
If there is activity at the LocoBuffer-USB red LED, but no activity light at the
WatchMan when switch commands are sent, check the Simple Serial Bus wiring. If
the command is seen in the LocoNet® monitor, but not in the command light, be
sure that the command you are sending is addressed to respond on this WatchMan.
If there is no activity shown in the LocoNet® monitor window, check that you have
the correct interface selected in the JMRI preferences, and that you have the
correct COM port selected.
8.3 Factory Reset
If the WatchMan's address settings get lost, restore the address as shown in
section 2.0. The factory default address with JP1 1-3 in place is 9999. The
WatchMan is also forced into Master Mode by the JP1 1-3 jumper, so it may be reprogrammed on a stand alone bus.
Steps:
1) Power the unit.
2) Apply jumper at JP1 1-3
22
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
3) Use the WatchMan Default roster entry to restore the proper address for this
unit in the “Basic” tab, then switch to the “CVs” tab and write just CV17 and
CV18 to the WatchMan.
4) Remove the JP1 1-3 jumper
5) Remove then restore power to return the WatchMan back to its normal
operating mode at the new address.
9.0 Boot Loader
If an update to your WatchMan firmware is needed, a program such as "Download
Firmware" in JMRI version 2.4 or later is required.
To enter Boot loader mode:
1) Remove power from the WatchMan.
2) Add a jumper at JP1 3-4.
3) Apply power to the WatchMan. The yellow COM light should light.
4) Remove the JP1 3-4 jumper.
5) The yellow COM LED will continue to light steadily indicating that the boot
loader is now ready to accept messages from the JMRI Downloader.
6) Start JMRI and select "LocoNet" then "Download Firmware".
7) Select the latest WatchMan upgrade and click "Read file" then "Download".
8) The COM LED will blink each time it receives a data packet from the JMRI
down loader.
9) When programming is successful, the yellow COM LED will completely
extinguish automatically, and normal operation will resume.
Error codes:
During boot loading, several possible error codes are shown by the yellow LED:
– 1 blink: manufacturer code or product code mismatch; - Be sure that you
have chosen the proper file to upload.
– 2 blinks: hardware version mismatch; - You may need to select “Accept later
hardware versions”.
– 3 blinks: hex file software version equal or lower; - You may need to select
“Don't check software version”.
– 4 blinks: unused (no LocoNet® data).
– 5 blinks: internal programming error detected. - The operation has failed,
see below.
Each of the above errors will halt the boot loader process. To recover from these
error types, remove power from the WatchMan, add the jumper at JP1 3-4, apply
power again, then remove the jumper as before. Correct the error, and then re-run
the JMRI program.
To recover from the last error type, it must be assumed that the firmware is in an
undefined state, most probably damaged or incomplete. If the process is
interrupted for any reason you will also end up with corrupted firmware which
9.0 Boot Loader
23
must be reloaded. The boot loader code itself is protected against being written
over.
10.0 Grounding and Isolation
Unlike the LocoBuffer-USB and the Tower Controller, the WatchMan is not
optically isolated from the Simple Serial Bus. This allows for possible ground loop
problems between the LocoNet® and your layout power supplies, so be sure to
keep the ground connection to the Terminator unit, either isolated, or else in
common with your booster's power source.
Normally all WatchMan connections originate or reference to the WatchMan board
itself, so there is no danger of ground loops. RR-CirKits High power output boards
are opto isolated from the WatchMan port and use their own power sources.
If you are building your own I/O boards or using third party units be sure to
observe the common/isolated ground rules, and never exceed 5V on any pin.
Properly ground your boosters, your power supplies, and your desktop computer
through a 3 wire cable, and isolate them from each other via isolated equipment
where necessary.
11.0 Warranty Information
We offer a one year warranty on the WatchMan. This device contains no user
serviceable parts. If a defect occurs, please contact RR-CirKits at: service@rrcirkits.com for a replacement.
24
WatchMan Manual Rev-a
12.0 FCC Information
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
--Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
--Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
--Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
--Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Any modifications to this device voids the user's authority to operate under and be
in compliance with these regulations. The actual measured radiation from the
WatchMan is much lower than the maximum that is permitted by the FCC Rules, so
it is unlikely that this device will cause any RFI problems.
RR-CirKits, Inc.
7918 Royal Ct.
Waxhaw, NC USA 28173
12.0 FCC Information
http://www.rr-cirkits.com
sales@rr-cirkits.com
service@rr-cirkits.com
1-704-843-3769
Fax: 1-704-243-4310
25
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