J-series™ Services Router Quick Start

J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
14 February 2008
Part Number: 530-022947-01
Revision 1
J-series Services Routers provide IP routing, WAN and LAN connectivity, and
management services. Available in several models, Services Routers typically connect
small, branch, or regional offices to a central site, and link Internet service provider
(ISP) networks.
The J-series Services Router Quick Start provides instructions to initially set up J2300,
J2320, J2350, J4350, and J6350 Services Routers. You need no previous JUNOS
software experience, but must have managed a network and configured other routers.
For more information, see the J-series documentation at http://www.juniper.net/techpubs.
Contents
What You Need To Know ................................................................................3
Management IP Address ...........................................................................3
J-Web Access ............................................................................................3
CLI Console Access ...................................................................................3
Required Licenses .....................................................................................3
Slot Numbers ............................................................................................4
Interfaces and Ports ..................................................................................4
Remote Access .........................................................................................4
Before You Begin .............................................................................................4
Installing a Services Router .............................................................................6
Installing J2300 Services Routers ..............................................................6
Installing J2320 and J2350 Services Routers .............................................6
Installing J4350 or J6350 Services Routers ................................................8
Connecting Power to a Services Router ...........................................................8
Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface .........................9
Step 1. Connecting, Logging In, and Starting the J-Web Interface .............9
Step 2. Updating the Software with the J-Web Interface ..........................10
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1
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Step 3. Adding Licenses with the J-Web Interface ...................................11
Step 4. Configuring Basic Settings with J-Web Quick Configuration .........11
Basic Connection and Configuration with the CLI ..........................................13
Step 1. Connecting, Logging In, and Starting the CLI ..............................13
Step 2. Updating the JUNOS Software with the CLI .................................14
Step 3. Adding Licenses with the CLI ......................................................14
Step 4. Configuring Basic Settings with the CLI .......................................14
J-Web Basics ..................................................................................................15
JUNOS CLI Basics ..........................................................................................16
Safety Warnings Summary ............................................................................18
Compliance Statements .................................................................................21
Related Juniper Networks Documentation .....................................................23
Requesting Technical Support .......................................................................26
Revision History ............................................................................................27
2
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What You Need To Know
What You Need To Know
Management IP Address
When you first connect a management PC or laptop to a built-in Ethernet port on a
Services Router, the router acts as a DHCP client and attempts to perform an
autoinstallation. If it does not find a DHCP server, the router assigns 192.168.1.1/24
as the IP address for port 0. (If you are connected to port 1, 192.168.2.1/24 is
assigned as the IP address. On the J2320, J2350, J4350 and J6350 routers, port 2
and port 3 are assigned 192.168.3.1/24 and 192.168.4.1/24, respectively.)
Because this address is not part of any explicit configuration, it is removed when
you change the configuration in any way. You must configure an IP address for this
LAN port when you commit your initial configuration. (See “Step 4. Configuring Basic
Settings with J-Web Quick Configuration” on page 11 or “Step 4. Configuring Basic
Settings with the CLI” on page 14.)
J-Web Access
The Web interface to the router—called the J-Web interface—is enabled by default.
To configure the router with the Web interface, you attach a PC or laptop to a built-in
Ethernet port. The examples in this document use the first built-in Ethernet port:
■
On J2300 routers, the first built-in Ethernet port is Fast Ethernet PORT 0 (internally
named fe-0/0/0).
■
On J2320, J2350, J4350 and J6350 routers, the first built-in Ethernet port is
Gigabit Ethernet port 0/0 (internally named ge-0/0/0).
See “Step 1. Connecting, Logging In, and Starting the J-Web Interface” on page 9.
CLI Console Access
Services Routers are shipped with a console cable and adapter. To configure a Services
Router through the console port with the JUNOS command-line interface (CLI), you
use a terminal emulation program such as Microsoft Windows HyperTermimal. (See
“Step 1. Connecting, Logging In, and Starting the CLI” on page 13.)
Required Licenses
To use the following features on a Services Router, you must purchase a license. (See
“Step 3. Adding Licenses with the CLI” on page 14 or “Step 4. Configuring Basic
Settings with J-Web Quick Configuration” on page 11.)
■
Advanced Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) support for route reflectors
■
Data link switching (DLSw)
■
J-Flow traffic analysis
What You Need To Know
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3
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Slot Numbers
J2300 routers have built-in WAN ports. Other models have slots for replaceable
Physical Interface Modules (PIMs):
■
J2320 Services Routers—Slots 1 through 3 are numbered from top to bottom
and left to right.
■
J2350 Services Routers—Slots 1 through 5 are numbered from top to bottom
and left to right.
■
J4350 and J6350 Services Routers—Slots 1 through 6 are numbered from top to
bottom and left to right.
Interfaces and Ports
Interfaces are named by type, slot number, module number (always 0), and port
number. Port numbering starts with 0. For example:
■
On J2300 routers, built-in Fast Ethernet LAN PORT 0 and PORT 1, which are in
slot 0, are named fe-0/0/0 and fe-0/0/1.
■
On J2320, J2350, J4350, and J6350 routers, the built-in Gigabit Ethernet LAN
ports 0/0 through 0/3, which are in slot 0, are named ge-0/0/0, ge-0/0/1,
ge-0/0/2, and ge-0/0/3.
■
On models with replaceable PIMs, the first port on a T1 PIM in slot 1 is named
t1-1/0/0.
Remote Access
Although Telnet and SSH are both supported, they are disabled by default.
Before You Begin
Before installing and connecting a Services Router, read “Safety Warnings
Summary” on page 18.
Then make sure you have the equipment listed in Table 1 on page 5.
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Before You Begin
Before You Begin
Table 1: Equipment Required for Services Router Installation
All Models
■
■
■
■
■
J2300 Model Only
Electrostatic discharge (ESD)
grounding strap (not
provided)
■
For rack or wall installation,
a screwdriver appropriate
for the screws or anchors
(not provided)
■
For AC power, an AC power
cord with a plug appropriate
for your geographical
location (provided)
For DC power, 14 AWG DC
power cables with
appropriate lugs (not
provided)
■
For desk installation,
four rubber feet
(provided)
For rack installation,
four mounting
screws appropriate
for your rack (not
provided)
For wall installation,
four wall screws or
anchors capable of
supporting the full
weight of the chassis,
up to 12 lb (5.4 kg)
All Other Models
■
■
■
For rack installation,
mounting screws
appropriate for your rack
(not provided).
Routers with redundant
power supplies require
an AC power cord
(provided) or DC power
cables (not provided) for
each power supply.
Mounting brackets are
preinstalled on J2320
and J2350 models, and
must be installed on
J4350 and J6350 models.
For grounding, 14 AWG
grounding cable and lug for
the router (not provided)
Management Access
For CLI access:
■
Management device,
such as a PC or laptop,
with a serial port (not
provided)
■
RJ-45 console (Ethernet
“rollover”) cable, with
an RJ-45-to-DB-9
adapter (both provided)
For J-Web access:
■
Management device,
such as a PC or laptop,
with an Ethernet port
(not provided)
■
Ethernet cable (not
provided)
CAUTION: A licensed electrician must attach a cable lug to the grounding and power
cables that you supply. A cable with an incorrectly attached lug can damage the
router.
If you are installing a J4350 or J6350 Services Router, take the following steps:
1.
Attach the air filter and filter cover, as shown in Figure 1 on page 5.
Figure 1: Attaching Air Filter and Filter Cover
2.
Attach the mounting brackets to either the center or front of the chassis, as
shown in Figure 2 on page 6.
Before You Begin
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5
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Figure 2: Attaching Mounting Brackets
Installing a Services Router
WARNING: A DC-powered J2300 Services Router is intended for installation in a
dedicated equipment room where it is accessible by trained personnel only. Other
DC-powered Services Routers are intended for installation in a restricted access
location.
Installing J2300 Services Routers
To install a J2300 Services Router on a desk, attach the rubber feet to the underside
of the chassis.
To install a J2300 Services Router on a wall, attach the rubber feet to the chassis
underside, attach a mounting bracket to each side of the chassis, and attach the
brackets to the wall. (For instructions, see the J2300, J4300, and J6300 Services Router
Getting Started Guide.)
To install a J2300 router in a rack:
1.
Attach an electrostatic discharge (ESD) grounding strap to your bare wrist and
connect the strap to an outside ESD point.
2.
Make sure the rack is properly secured to the building in its permanent location.
3.
Attach a mounting bracket to each side of the router chassis.
4.
Have one person grasp each side of the router, lift the router, and position it in
the rack.
5.
Have a second person install a mounting screw into each of the bracket holes
that are aligned with the threaded holes in the rack.
Installing J2320 and J2350 Services Routers
To install the J2320 and J2350 router into a rack:
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Installing a Services Router
Installing a Services Router
1.
Have one person grasp the sides of the router, lift the router, and position it in
the rack.
2.
Align the top hole in each mounting bracket with a hole in each rack rail as shown
in Figure 3 on page 7 and Figure 4 on page 7, making sure the chassis is level.
Figure 3: Hanging a J2320 Router in a Rack
Figure 4: Hanging a J2350 Router in a Rack
3.
Have a second person install a mounting screw into each of the two aligned
holes. With a number 2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten the screws.
4.
Verify that the mounting screw on one side of the rack is aligned with the
mounting screw on the opposite side and that the router is level.
5.
Install the second screw in each mounting bracket.
Installing a Services Router
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J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Installing J4350 or J6350 Services Routers
To install a J4350 or J6350 Services Router in a rack:
1.
Make sure the rack is properly secured to the building in its permanent location.
2.
Attach a screw to each rack rail in the third hole down from where you want the
top of the router to be positioned, as shown in Figure 5 on page 8. Screw only
part way in, leaving about 1/4 in. (6 mm) distance between the screw head and
the rail.
3.
Lift the router and insert the elliptical openings in the mounting brackets onto
the partially inserted screws so that the router is hanging from the two screws.
Figure 5: Hanging the Router in the Rack
4.
Install at least two mounting screws into each mounting bracket, in addition to
the center screws from which the router hangs.
Connecting Power to a Services Router
J2300, J2320, J2350, and J4350 Services Routers have a fixed power supply. J6350
Services Routers have field-replaceable AC or DC power supplies.
To connect AC or DC power:
1.
8
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Connect the router to earth ground with a 14 AWG grounding cable:
a.
Connect one end to a proper earth ground point (the rack, for example).
b.
Remove the screw and washer from the PEM nut on the protective earthing
terminal at the rear of the router chassis. (The J4350 and J6350 chassis have
two PEM nuts.)
Connecting Power to a Services Router
Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
c.
2.
3.
4.
Secure the other end of the cable to this grounding point with the washer
and then with the screw.
For an AC power supply only:
a.
Insert the appliance coupler end of the power cord into the appliance inlet
on the router's power supply faceplate.
b.
Insert the plug into an AC power source receptacle.
c.
If the power supply includes a on/off switch, turn the switch to on.
For a DC power supply only:
a.
Ensure that the voltage across the DC power source cable leads is 0 volts
and that the cable leads cannot become active during installation.
b.
Remove the clear plastic cover protecting the terminal block.
c.
Remove the two center screws next to the labels –48 VDC and RTN.
d.
Secure the positive (+) DC source power cable lug to the RTN terminal,
tightening the screw only until snug. Do not overtighten.
e.
Secure the negative (–) DC source power cable lug to the –48 VDC terminal,
tightening the screw only until snug. Do not overtighten.
f.
Replace the plastic cover.
Repeat Step 2 or Step 3 for the second power supply, if one is installed.
For complete instructions, see the Getting Started Guide for your router.
Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
For J-Web access, you connect from your management PC or laptop to the Services
Router through one of the built-in Ethernet interfaces. The examples in this document
use port 0. (For information about the J-Web interface, see “J-Web Basics” on page 15.)
Step 1. Connecting, Logging In, and Starting the J-Web Interface
When the Services Router is powered on for the first time, it searches for a DHCP
server, and if it does not find one, it assigns an IP address within the 192.168.1.0/24
subnetwork to any devices connected to it.
To connect to the J-Web interface through port 0/0 on the router:
Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
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9
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
1.
On the management device, such as a PC or laptop, you use to access the J-Web
interface, verify that the address of the port that you connect to the router is set
to one of the following:
■
An Ethernet address on the 192.168.1/24 subnetwork other than
192.168.1.1
■
An Ethernet address from a DHCP server
2.
Turn off the power to the management device.
3.
Plug one end of the Ethernet cable into the Ethernet port on the management
device.
4.
Connect the other end of the Ethernet cable to the built-in Ethernet port on the
router.
5.
Power on the router by pressing the power button on the front panel.
6.
Wait until the STATUS LED on the front panel turns solid green.
7.
Turn on the power to the management device. The router assigns an IP address
to the management device within the 192.168.1/24 subnetwork if the device
is configured to use DHCP.
8.
From the management device, open a Web browser and enter the IP address
192.168.1.1 in the address field. The Set Up Quick Configuration page appears.
9.
Configure basic settings for your router as described in “Step 4. Configuring Basic
Settings with J-Web Quick Configuration” on page 11.
NOTE: You must manually configure the IP address for the management port you
are using before you save your initial configuration. When you save the configuration
for the first time, the DHCP lease is lost and you will lose the connection to the router
if you have not manually configured the IP address. If you lose connection through
the management interface, you must connect through the console port.
Step 2. Updating the Software with the J-Web Interface
After starting up the Services Router, you might want to download the latest version
of the JUNOS software from the Juniper Networks Web site and load it onto the
router. To update the JUNOS software:
1.
Go to http://www.juniper.net/support, and follow the links to download the JUNOS
software for J-series routers to your PC or laptop.
2.
Log in to the J-Web interface.
3.
Click Manage>Software>Upload software package.
4.
Click Browse, locate the JUNOS software package file on your PC or laptop hard
drive, and open the file.
5.
Select the check box next to Reboot If Required, and click Upload Package.
For complete instructions, see the J-series Services Router Administration Guide.
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Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
Step 3. Adding Licenses with the J-Web Interface
If you purchased one or more licenses, you received an envelope with instructions
for obtaining license keys from the Web. To enable each license on the router, you
must add the license key. You can add one or more license keys. To add a license
key and enable a license:
1.
Follow the instructions in your license envelope to generate the license key from
the Web site.
2.
Copy the license key onto the router with the J-Web interface:
a.
Click Manage>Licenses.
b.
Enter the license key in one of the following ways:
c.
■
In the License File URL box, type the URL for the license key Web site.
■
Copy the license key text, and paste it into the License Key Text box,
separating multiple license keys with a blank line.
Click OK.
For complete instructions, see the Getting Started Guide for your router.
Step 4. Configuring Basic Settings with J-Web Quick Configuration
When you click OK or Apply on J-Web Quick Configuration pages, the configuration
is saved and activated automatically. To configure basic settings with the J-Web
interface:
1.
If the Set Up Quick Configuration page is not displayed, select
Configuration>Quick Configuration >Set Up.
2.
Enter information in the boxes on the Set Up Quick Configuration page as shown
in Table 2 on page 11, then click OK or Apply.
Table 2: J-Web Set Up Quick Configuration
Field
Description
Host Name (required)
Hostname of the router—for example, Chicago.
Domain Name
Network or subnetwork that the router belongs to.
Root Password (required)
Root password that user “root” can use to log in to the router.
Verify Root Password (required)
Retyped password.
Time Zone
Time zone in which the router is located.
NTP Servers
NTP server to synchronize the system time.
Current System Time
Your current time and date.
DNS Name Servers
DNS server to resolve hostnames into addresses.
Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
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J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Table 2: J-Web Set Up Quick Configuration (continued)
Field
Description
Domain Search
Name of each domain to include in a DNS search.
Default Gateway
Default route. The IP address of a default router that the Services Router can use to
direct packets addressed to networks not explicitly listed in the routing table.
Loopback Address
Reserved IP address that is always available on the router. By default, this address
is set to 127.0.0.1/32.
fe-0/0/0 Address
IP address and prefix length of built-in Ethernet port 0. The interface fe-0/0/0 or
ge-0/0/0 is typically used as the management interface for accessing the router.
The DHCP client sets this address to 192.168.1.1/24 if no DHCP server is found.
or
ge-0/0/0 Address
You must enter the fe-0/0/0 or ge-0/0/0 address on the Quick Configuration Set
Up page before you click Apply or OK. If you do not manually configure this address,
the DHCP lease is lost and you will lose your connection to the J-Web interface when
you click Apply or OK.
Allow Telnet Access
Enables remote access to the router with Telnet.
Allow JUNOScript over Clear-Text Access
Allows JUNOScript to send unencrypted text to the router over a TCP connection.
Allow SSH Access
Enables remote SSH access to the router.
3.
To configure additional interfaces:
a.
Under Quick Configuration, click Interfaces, and then click the interface you
want to configure.
b.
On the Interfaces page, click Add to add a logical interface.
IP addresses are configured on the logical interface.
c.
In the two boxes provided, type the IP address (for example, 192.168.1.4)
and the number of bits in the subnet mask (for example, 24), click Add, and
then click OK or Apply.
To edit an existing interface, you click the logical interface.
4.
To enable routing protocols, under Quick Configuration click Routing.
■
To add static routes, click Static Routing.
■
To enable a routing protocol, click the protocol.
When you are finished with a page, click OK or Apply.
For complete instructions, see the J-series Services Router Basic LAN and WAN Access
Configuration Guide.
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Basic Connection and Configuration with the J-Web Interface
Basic Connection and Configuration with the CLI
Basic Connection and Configuration with the CLI
For CLI access, you connect from your management PC or laptop to the Services
Router through the console port. (For information about the CLI, see “JUNOS CLI
Basics” on page 16.)
Step 1. Connecting, Logging In, and Starting the CLI
You are prompted for a username and password. The default username is root.
Because no password is initially required, press Enter at the password prompt for a
first-time login.
To access a Services Router with the JUNOS CLI:
1.
Turn off power to the management PC or laptop.
2.
Connect one end of the console cable to the serial port adapter, plug the adapter
into a serial port on the PC or laptop, and plug the other end of the cable into
the console port on the Services Router.
3.
Turn on power to the PC or laptop.
4.
On the PC or laptop, start the terminal emulation program (such as Microsoft
Windows HyperTerminal), select the COM port, and configure the following port
settings: 9600 (bits per second), 8 (data bits), none (parity), 1 (stop bits), and
none (flow control).
5.
Press the POWER button on the router, and verify that the POWER LED turns
green.
6.
Wait for the system to boot, and when presented with a login prompt, log in as
root, and press Enter at the Password prompt.
When you have been authenticated through the CLI, you enter the UNIX shell:
routername (ttyd0)
login: root
Password:
JUNOS 8.0R1 2006-07-01 01:59:49 UTC
root@%
7.
At the % prompt, type the cli command and press Enter. The prompt changes
to an angle bracket (>) when you enter CLI operational mode.
root@% cli root
root>
For complete instructions, see the Getting Started Guide for your router.
Basic Connection and Configuration with the CLI
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13
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Step 2. Updating the JUNOS Software with the CLI
After starting up the Services Router, you might want to download the latest version
of the JUNOS software from the Juniper Networks Web site and load it onto the
router. You can use the CLI, but we recommend the J-Web interface for the download.
To update the JUNOS software with the CLI:
1.
Go to http://www.juniper.net/support, and follow the links to download the JUNOS
software for J-series routers to an FTP server.
2.
Download the JUNOS software to the router with the CLI or J-Web interface:
root> request system software add validate unlink reboot source
For complete instructions, see the J-series Services Router Administration Guide.
Step 3. Adding Licenses with the CLI
If you purchased one or more licenses, you received an envelope with instructions
for obtaining license keys from the Web. To enable each license on the router, you
must add the license key. You can add one or more license keys from the CLI.
To add a license key and enable a license:
1.
Follow the instructions in your license envelope to generate the license key from
the Web site.
2.
Copy the license key onto the router with the CLI:
a.
Type the following command, and press Enter:
root> request system license add terminal
b.
When prompted, copy and paste the license key from the Web site at the
command line, separating multiple license keys with a blank line.
c.
To exit license key entry, press Ctrl+D.
For complete instructions, see the Getting Started Guide for your router.
Step 4. Configuring Basic Settings with the CLI
In CLI configuration mode, you use the set command to enable features, and the
delete command to disable them. The commands you enter do not update the active
configuration on the router until you use the commit command.
To configure basic settings with the CLI:
1.
From the CLI, enter configuration mode:
root> configure
root#
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Basic Connection and Configuration with the CLI
J-Web Basics
2.
Set the IP addresses of the built-in Ethernet ports. For example:
■
On a J2300 router:
root# set interfaces fe-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.1.1/24
root# set interfaces fe-0/0/1 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.2.1/24
■
On a J4350 or J6350 router:
root#
root#
root#
root#
set
set
set
set
interfaces
interfaces
interfaces
interfaces
ge-0/0/0
ge-0/0/1
ge-0/0/2
ge-0/0/3
unit
unit
unit
unit
0
0
0
0
family
family
family
family
inet
inet
inet
inet
address
address
address
address
192.168.1.1/24
192.168.2.1/24
192.168.3.1/24
192.168.4.1/24
The unit number is the logical interface number. IP addresses are configured on
the logical interface. Setting the protocol family to inet specifies the routing table
of IPv4 addresses.
3.
Set a default route (default gateway) for IPv4 packets. For example:
root# set routing-options static route 192.168.1.254/24 next-hop 10.1.1.50
4.
Configure one or more static routes:
root# set routing-options static route destination-prefix next-hop address
5.
Set the hostname. For example:
root# set system host-name Chicago
6.
Save your configuration settings and activate them on the Services Router:
root# commit
For complete instructions, see the J-series Services Router Basic LAN and WAN Access
Configuration Guide.
J-Web Basics
The task bar at the top of the J-Web interface identifies the main J-Web functions.
You access specific tasks on the left.
■
Monitor—Output from common show commands
■
Configuration—Quick Configuration wizards and a graphical version of the CLI
■
Diagnose—Ping, traceroute, and packet capture
■
Manage—Configuration file management and licenses
■
Events—System log messages
■
Alarms—Active alarms
J-Web Basics
■
15
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
The first time you connect to a Services Router with the J-Web interface, you bypass
the login page and go directly to the Set Up Quick Configuration page. At subsequent
logins, you go directly to the System Monitor page.
Click Monitor to display information about the system (system serial number, CPU,
and memory usage), interfaces, configured routes, and other Services Router
functions.
Click Configuration to access Quick Configuration “wizard” pages for common
configuration tasks such as initial setup, certificate installation, basic routing setup,
and creation of firewall filters and IPSec tunnels. Each new release of the JUNOS
software adds more Quick Configuration features.
For configuration details and tasks not covered by Quick Configuration, you can
access a graphical version of the JUNOS CLI known as the J-Web configuration editor.
Select Configuration>View and Edit Configuration>Edit Configuration to display
a list of configurable features—like the list displayed when you enter set ? in CLI
configuration mode.
When you click OK or Apply on J-Web Quick Configuration pages, the configuration
is saved and activated automatically. In contrast, you must click Commit to apply
changes on J-Web configuration editor pages.
For complete information about J-Web configuration features, see the J-series Services
Router Basic LAN and WAN Access Configuration Guide.
JUNOS CLI Basics
After you start the CLI with the cli command, type a question mark (?) to display a
list of the available commands:
root> ?
Possible completions:
clear
Clear information in the system
configure
Manipulate software configuration information
file
Perform file operations
help
Provide help information
monitor
Show real-time debugging information
mtrace
Trace multicast path from source to receiver
ping
Ping remote target
quit
Exit the management session
request
Make system-level requests
restart
Restart software process
set
Set CLI properties, date/time, craft interface message
show
Show system information
ssh
Start secure shell on another host
start
Start shell
telnet
Telnet to another host
test
Perform diagnostic debugging
traceroute
Trace route to remote host
To display the options available for a command, type the command followed by a
space and a question mark:
root> show ?
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JUNOS CLI Basics
JUNOS CLI Basics
Possible completions:
accounting
aps
arp
as-path
bfd
bgp
chassis
class-of-service
cli
configuration
connections
dialer
dlsw
---(more 93%)---
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
accounting profiles and records
Automatic Protection Switching information
system Address Resolution Protocol table entries
table of known autonomous system paths
Bidirectional Forwarding Detection information
Border Gateway Protocol information
chassis information
class-of-service (CoS) information
command-line interface settings
current configuration
circuit cross-connect connections
dialer information
DLSw information
To use command completion, type the first few letters of a command and press the
Spacebar or the Tab key.
For example, when you type the following partial command, the system completes
the command show chassis hardware and displays hardware information:
root> sh<tab> ch<tab> h<tab>
Hardware inventory:
Item
Version Part number
Chassis
Routing Engine
RevX1.8 710-009989
FPC 0
RevX1.5 710-009991
PIC 0
Serial number
JN000212AA
CORE97133
CORE96352
Description
J2300
RE-J.1
FPC
2x FE, 2x Serial
Type the following partial command to display the JUNOS software version running
on the router:
root> sh ver
Hostname: host
Model: j2300
JUNOS Software Release [8.0-20060607.0] (Export edition)
To access configuration mode, enter the configure command. The prompt changes
to a pound sign (#).
root> configure
root#
To activate changes to the configuration, enter the commit command.
root> commit
root#
To exit configuration mode, enter the exit command. Use the exit command again
to exit the CLI completely.
root# exit
root> exit
root@%
JUNOS CLI Basics
■
17
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Safety Warnings Summary
NOTE: This is a summary of safety warnings. For a complete list of warnings, including
translations, see the Getting Started Guide for your router at
http://www.juniper.net/techpubs/.
WARNING: Certain ports on the router are designed for use as intrabuilding
(within-the-building) interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in
GR-1089-CORE, Issue 4) and require isolation from the exposed outside plant (OSP)
cabling. To comply with NEBS requirements and protect against lightening surges
and commercial power disturbances, the intrabuilding ports must not be metallically
connected to interfaces that connect to the OSP or its wiring. The intrabuilding ports
on the router are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or
cabling only. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection for
connecting these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring.
CAUTION: To comply with intrabuilding lightning and surge requirements,
intrabuilding wiring must be shielded, and the shield for the wiring must be grounded
at both ends.
CAUTION: Before removing or installing components of a router, attach an ESD strap
to an ESD point and place the other end of the strap around your bare wrist. Failure
to use an ESD strap could result in damage to the router.
CAUTION: For routers with AC power supplies, an external surge protective device
(SPD) must be used at the AC power source.
18
■
Safety Warnings Summary
Safety Warnings Summary
■
Permit only trained and qualified personnel to install or replace Services Router
components.
■
The equipment is suitable for installation in locations where the National Electrical
Code (NEC) applies, as well as in Network Telecommunication Facilities.
■
Perform only the procedures described in this quick start and the Getting Started
Guide for your router. Other services must be performed by authorized service
personnel only.
■
Before you connect a Services Router to a power source, read the installation
instructions in the Getting Started Guide for your router.
■
Before installing the router, read the guidelines about preparing for router
installation in the Getting Started Guide for your router, to make sure that the
site meets power, environmental, and clearance requirements for the router.
■
When installing the Services Router, do not use a ramp inclined at more than
10 degrees.
■
We recommend that two people perform installation of J-series Services Routers.
Have one person lift the router into position and a second person secure the
mounting screws. To prevent injury, keep your back straight and lift with your
legs, not your back.
■
Mount the Services Router at the bottom of the rack if it is the only unit in the
rack.
■
When mounting the Services Router in a partially filled rack, load the rack from
the bottom to the top, with the heaviest component at the bottom of the rack.
■
If the rack is provided with stabilizing devices, install the stabilizers before
mounting or servicing the Services Router in the rack.
■
Grounding surfaces are to be cleaned and brought to a bright finish before
grounding connections can be made.
■
When removing or installing an electrical component, always place it
component-side up on a flat antistatic surface or in an electrostatic bag.
■
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during electrical
storms.
■
Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry,
including rings, necklaces, and watches. Metal objects heat up when connected
to power and ground and can cause serious burns or become welded to the
terminals.
■
Failure to observe these safety warnings can result in serious physical injury.
■
AC power cable warning (Japan):
Safety Warnings Summary
■
19
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
WARNING: The attached power cable is only for this product. Do not use the cable
for another product.
20
■
Safety Warnings Summary
Compliance Statements
Compliance Statements
Compliance Statements
■
21
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
22
■
Compliance Statements
Related Juniper Networks Documentation
Related Juniper Networks Documentation
Table 3 on page 23 lists and describes the publications for J-series Services Routers,
the JUNOS CLI, the JUNOScript application programming interface (API), and the
JUNOScope network management software.
Table 3: Juniper Networks Technical Documentation
Title
Description
J-series Guides
Getting Started Guide
Provides an overview, basic instructions, and specifications for J-series Services Routers.
The guide explains how to prepare your site for installation, unpack and install the
router and its components, install licenses, and establish basic connectivity. Use the
Getting Started Guide for your router model.
J-series Services Router Basic LAN and
WAN Access Configuration Guide
Explains how to configure the interfaces on J-series Services Routers for basic IP routing
with standard routing protocols, ISDN backup, and digital subscriber line (DSL)
connections.
Related Juniper Networks Documentation
■
23
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Table 3: Juniper Networks Technical Documentation (continued)
Title
Description
J-series Services Router Advanced WAN
Access Configuration Guide
Explains how to configure J-series Services Routers in virtual private networks (VPNs)
and multicast networks, configure data link switching (DLSw) services, and apply
routing techniques such as policies, stateless and stateful firewall filters, IP Security
(IPSec) tunnels, and class-of-service (CoS) classification for safer, more efficient routing.
J-series Services Router Administration
Guide
Shows how to manage users and operations, monitor network performance, upgrade
software, and diagnose common problems on J-series Services Routers.
JUNOS Configuration Guides
JUNOS Access Privilege Guide
Explains how to configure access privileges in user classes by using permission flags
and regular expressions. Lists the permission flags along with their associated
command-line interface (CLI) operational mode commands and configuration
statements.
JUNOS Class of Service Configuration
Guide
Provides an overview of the class-of-service (CoS) functions of the JUNOS software and
describes how to configure CoS features, including configuring multiple forwarding
classes for transmitting packets, defining which packets are placed into each output
queue, scheduling the transmission service level for each queue, and managing
congestion through the random early detection (RED) algorithm.
JUNOS CLI User Guide
Describes how to use the JUNOS command-line interface (CLI) to configure, monitor,
and manage Juniper Networks routing platforms. This material was formerly covered
in the JUNOS System Basics Configuration Guide.
JUNOS Feature Guide
Provides a detailed explanation and configuration examples for several of the most
complex features in the JUNOS software.
JUNOS High Availability Configuration
Guide
Provides an overview of hardware and software resources that ensure a high level of
continuous routing platform operation and describes how to configure high availability
(HA) features such as nonstop routing (NSR) and graceful Routing Engine switchover
(GRES).
JUNOS MPLS Applications
Configuration Guide
Provides an overview of traffic engineering concepts and describes how to configure
traffic engineering protocols.
JUNOS Multicast Protocols
Configuration Guide
Provides an overview of multicast concepts and describes how to configure multicast
routing protocols.
JUNOS Multiplay Solutions
Configuration Guide
Describes how you can deploy IPTV and voice over IP (VoIP) services in your network.
JUNOS Network Interfaces
Configuration Guide
Provides an overview of the network interface functions of the JUNOS Internet software
and describes how to configure the network interfaces on the routing platform.
JUNOS Network Management
Configuration Guide
Provides an overview of network management concepts and describes how to configure
various network management features, such as SNMP and accounting options.
Secure Configuration Guide for
Common Criteria and JUNOS-FIPS
Provides an overview of secure Common Criteria and JUNOS-FIPS protocols for the
JUNOS Internet software and describes how to install and configure secure Common
Criteria and JUNOS-FIPS on a routing platform.
JUNOS Software Installation and
Upgrade Guide
Provides a description of JUNOS software components and packaging, and includes
detailed information about how to initially configure, reinstall, and upgrade the JUNOS
system software. This material was formerly covered in the JUNOS System Basics
Configuration Guide.
24
■
Related Juniper Networks Documentation
Related Juniper Networks Documentation
Table 3: Juniper Networks Technical Documentation (continued)
Title
Description
JUNOS Policy Framework
Configuration Guide
Provides an overview of policy concepts and describes how to configure routing policy,
firewall filters, forwarding options, and cflowd.
JUNOS Routing Protocols Configuration
Guide
Provides an overview of routing concepts and describes how to configure routing,
routing instances, and unicast routing protocols.
JUNOS Services Interfaces
Configuration Guide
Provides an overview of the services interfaces functions of the JUNOS software and
describes how to configure the services interfaces on the router.
JUNOS System Basics Configuration
Guide
Describes Juniper Networks routing platforms, and provides information about how
to configure basic system parameters, supported protocols and software processes,
authentication, and a variety of utilities for managing your router on the network.
JUNOS VPNs Configuration Guide
Provides an overview and describes how to configure Layer 2 and Layer 3 virtual private
networks (VPNs), virtual private LAN service (VPLS), and Layer 2 circuits. Provides
configuration examples.
JUNOS References
JUNOS Hierarchy and RFC Reference
Describes the JUNOS configuration mode commands. Provides a hierarchy reference
that displays each level of a configuration hierarchy and includes all possible
configuration statements that can be used at that level. This material was formerly
covered in the JUNOS System Basics Configuration Guide.
JUNOS System Basics and Services
Command Reference
Describes the JUNOS software operational mode commands you use to monitor and
troubleshoot system basics, including commands for real-time monitoring and route
(or path) tracing, system software management, and chassis management. This guide
also describes commands for monitoring and troubleshooting services such as class
of service (CoS), IP Security (IPSec), stateful firewalls, flow collection, and flow
monitoring.
JUNOS Interfaces Command Reference
Describes the JUNOS software operational modecommands you use to monitor and
troubleshoot interfaces.
JUNOS Routing Protocols and Policies
Command Reference
Describes the JUNOS software operational mode commands you use to monitor and
troubleshoot routing policies and protocols, including firewall filters.
JUNOS System Log Messages Reference
Describes how to access and interpret system log messages generated by JUNOS
software modules and provides a reference page for each message.
JUNOS API and Scripting Documentation
JUNOScript API Guide
Describes how to use the JUNOScript application programming interface (API) to
monitor and configure Juniper Networks routers.
JUNOS XML API Configuration
Reference
Provides reference pages for the configuration tags in the JUNOScript API.
JUNOS XML API Operational Reference
Provides reference pages for the operational tags in the JUNOScript API.
JUNOS Configuration and Diagnostic
Automation Guide
Describes how to use the commit script and self-diagnosis features of the JUNOS
software. This guide explains how to enforce custom configuration rules defined in
scripts, how to use commit script macros to provide simplified aliases for frequently
used configuration statements, and how to configure diagnostic event policies.
Related Juniper Networks Documentation
■
25
J-series™ Services Router Quick Start
Table 3: Juniper Networks Technical Documentation (continued)
Title
Description
NETCONF API Guide
Describes how to use the NETCONF API to monitor and configure Juniper Networks
routing platforms.
JUNOScope Software Documentation
JUNOScope Software User Guide
Describes the JUNOScope software graphical user interface (GUI), how to install and
administer the software, and how to use the software to manage router configuration
files and monitor router operations.
Release Notes
J-series Services Router Release Notes
Summarize new features, identify hardware problems, provide information omitted
from the manual, and contain upgrade and downgrade instructions.
JUNOS Release Notes
Summarize new features for a particular software release, provide corrections and
updates to published JUNOS and JUNOScript manuals, provide information that might
have been omitted from the manuals, and describe upgrade and downgrade procedures.
JUNOScope Release Notes
Contain corrections and updates to the published JUNOScope manual, provide
information that might have been omitted from the manual, and describe upgrade and
downgrade procedures.
Requesting Technical Support
Technical product support is available through the Juniper Networks Technical
Assistance Center (JTAC). If you are a customer with an active J-Care or JNASC support
contract, or are covered under warranty, and need postsales technical support, you
can access our tools and resources online or open a case with JTAC.
■
JTAC policies—For a complete understanding of our JTAC procedures and policies,
review the JTAC User Guide located at
http://www.juniper.net/customers/support/downloads/710059.pdf.
■
Product warranties—For product warranty information, visit
http://www.juniper.net/support/warranty/.
■
JTAC Hours of Operation —The JTAC centers have resources available 24 hours
a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
Self-Help Online Tools and Resources
For quick and easy problem resolution, Juniper Networks has designed an online
self-service portal called the Customer Support Center (CSC) that provides you with
the following features:
26
■
Requesting Technical Support
Requesting Technical Support
■
Find CSC offerings: http://www.juniper.net/customers/support/
■
Search for known bugs: http://www2.juniper.net/kb/
■
Find product documentation: http://www.juniper.net/techpubs/
■
Find solutions and answer questions using our Knowledge Base:
http://kb.juniper.net/
■
Download the latest versions of software and review release notes:
http://www.juniper.net/customers/csc/software/
■
Search technical bulletins for relevant hardware and software notifications:
https://www.juniper.net/alerts/
■
Join and participate in the Juniper Networks Community Forum:
http://www.juniper.net/company/communities/
■
Open a case online in the CSC Case Manager: http://www.juniper.net/cm/
To verify service entitlement by product serial number, use our Serial Number
Entitlement (SNE) Tool located at https://tools.juniper.net/SerialNumberEntitlementSearch/.
Opening a Case with JTAC
You can open a case with JTAC on the Web or by telephone.
■
Use the Case Manager tool in the CSC at http://www.juniper.net/cm/ .
■
Call 1-888-314-JTAC (1-888-314-5822 toll-free in the USA, Canada, and Mexico).
For international or direct-dial options in countries without toll-free numbers, visit
us at http://www.juniper.net/support/requesting-support.html.
Revision History
14 February 2008—530-022947-01 Revision 1.
Copyright © 2008, Juniper Networks, Inc. All rights reserved.
Juniper Networks, the Juniper Networks logo, NetScreen, and ScreenOS are registered trademarks of Juniper Networks, Inc. in the United States and other
countries. JUNOS and JUNOSe are trademarks of Juniper Networks, Inc. All other trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks, or registered service
marks are the property of their respective owners.
Juniper Networks assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies in this document. Juniper Networks reserves the right to change, modify, transfer, or
otherwise revise this publication without notice.
Products made or sold by Juniper Networks or components thereof might be covered by one or more of the following patents that are owned by or licensed
to Juniper Networks: U.S. Patent Nos. 5,473,599, 5,905,725, 5,909,440, 6,192,051, 6,333,650, 6,359,479, 6,406,312, 6,429,706, 6,459,579, 6,493,347,
6,538,518, 6,538,899, 6,552,918, 6,567,902, 6,578,186, and 6,590,785.
Requesting Technical Support
■
27
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