2nd Generation PILOT’S GUIDE COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Stratus Second Generation Pilot’s Guide, © 2012 - 2014 Appareo Systems, LLC. All Rights Reserved. All content within is copyrighted by Appareo Systems, LLC and may not be reprinted without permission. The content of this guide is furnished for information use only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by the manufacturer. Appareo Systems, LLC assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in the information content contained in this guide. The Appareo, Sporty’s, and ForeFlight logos are all trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. MITRE is a registered trademark of the MITRE Corporation. iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. To view the current Pilot’s Guide, go to www.appareo.com/stratus 2nd Generation QUICK START INSTRUCTIONS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Charge Stratus’s battery to 100% using the Stratus wall charger. Place snap-in mount on glare shield or install suction cup mount. Place Stratus in mount. Power on Stratus by pressing the power button. Connect your iPhone®, iPad®, or iPod touch® to the Stratus WiFi network from the device’s Settings menu. 6. Open ForeFlight Mobile and confirm connection to Stratus. NOTE: As ADS-B signals are broadcast by ground towers, Stratus will not receive weather and traffic information while it is on the ground. PACKAGE CONTENTS • • • • • Stratus module Snap-in mount with gel base Wall charger and charging cable Stratus Pilot’s Guide Carrying bag 1 ABOUT STRATUS Stratus is a portable, battery-operated receiver that works in conjunction with the ForeFlight Mobile app. It provides pilots with free in-flight weather and traffic and is a source of accurate GPS WAAS position. Stratus receives Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) weather information (FIS-B), traffic information (TIS-B), and other related data and broadcasts it to ForeFlight Mobile via a WiFi network. Stratus is also an attitude heading reference system (AHRS) and flight data recorder. See page 13 for more information about these features. 2 PRODUCT REGISTRATION Your Stratus will automatically be registered with the retailer at the time of purchase – you do not need to perform additional steps to activate the warranty. The Stratus Limited Warranty is valid one year after your device is shipped from the retailer and is non-transferable. OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES Visit www.sportys.com/stratus or www.appareo.com/stratus for a list of compatible Stratus accessories, including mounts, external antennas, and chargers. TURNING STRATUS ON OR OFF Press the power button for a few seconds to turn on Stratus. All LED indicators will briefly illuminate red and then green as Stratus powers on. 3 CHARGING THE BATTERY Fully charge Stratus’s battery prior to first use. To charge the battery: 1. Insert the USB plug of the charging cord into the wall charger’s port. 2. Plug the micro USB plug into Stratus’s charging port, as shown in the graphic on page 5. NOTE: The Stratus USB port contains two parts. Insert the charging cable into the larger, left part of the port, which is marked with the battery symbol. 3. Plug the wall charger into an electric wall outlet. When connected to an external power source, the Stratus Power LED will flash on and off once. Refer to the LED Indicator table on page 10 to determine when the battery is fully charged. NOTE: You may check the battery’s current charge level from the Stratus Status page. See page 14 for more information. WARNING: Use of non-approved battery chargers may result in decreased battery performance, permanent damage to the USB port, and/ or inoperability of Stratus, and voids the warranty. Stratus requires a 2.0 amp charger. 4 USING BATTERY POWER If Stratus is not connected to an external power adapter, such as a wall charger or vehicle power adapter, it will automatically draw power from its internal battery. POWER OPTION SETTINGS You may select how Stratus is powered on: automatically whenever the device receives power, or only when the power button is pushed. This setting may be changed by dragging the “Turn on When Powered” switch in the ForeFlight Mobile Stratus Status to ON. For more information about the Stratus Status Page, see page 14. NOTE: If Stratus is set to automatically power on and external power is removed, it will power off within two minutes if the aircraft is traveling under 5 knots. If the aircraft is traveling faster than 5 knots, Stratus will not power down and will draw from the battery power. To override the automatic power-off, press the power button after removing power. 5 PLACING STRATUS IN AIRCRAFT The snap-in mount secures Stratus to its mounting location during flight. To place the mount in the aircraft: 1. Remove the protector sheet from the gel base of the snap-in mount. 2. Place the gel base of the snap-in mount onto the aircraft’s glare shield. Stratus should be mounted perpendicular to the back of the aircraft to ensure accurate AHRS data. It should also be placed as close as practical to the pilot and copilot seats to help prevent overheating. 3. Lay Stratus in the snap-in mount so that it is leaning against the longer arm of the mount’s cradle. The LEDs and Stratus logo should face the back of the aircraft. If Stratus is facing the wrong direction, AHRS data will be incorrect and the chance of overheating will be significantly increased. NOTE: Refer to the graphic on the bottom of Stratus for the correct mounting alignment with the aircraft. 4. Press on the top of the Stratus until the device snaps into place in the cradle, as shown in the figure on the following page. NOTE: An optional suction cup mount is available from your Stratus retailer. This mount may improve the internal antenna’s ADS-B reception and provides an option for mounting Stratus off the glare shield. 6 To remove Stratus from the mount: 1. Gently bend the shorter arm of the mount’s cradle away from Stratus. 2. Remove Stratus from the snap-in mount. Store Stratus in its carrying bag to protect it when it is not in use. If the gel base that surrounds the snap-mount loses its adhesiveness over time, remove the gel base from the mount and wash with water and a gentle soap. Allow it to air dry before placing back on the glare shield. NOTE: Remember to disconnect all cables from Stratus before removing it from the mount. Improper disconnection of cables from Stratus can damage connectors and/or ports. 7 ABOUT EXTERNAL ANTENNAS Stratus contains internal GPS and ADS-B antennas; however, external GPS and ADS-B antennas are also available from your Stratus retailer. These antennas may improve Stratus’s reception quality and provide more mounting options for Stratus. PLACING EXTERNAL ANTENNAS IN AIRCRAFT Place the external ADS-B antenna in a location of your aircraft that provides an unobstructed view of the ground (ADS-B towers). Place the external GPS antenna in a location of your aircraft that provides an unobstructed view of the sky (GPS satellites). When mounting either external antenna type, ensure the connecting cable is long enough to route from the external antenna to Stratus’s mounting location. 8 CONNECTING AN EXTERNAL ANTENNA The ports labeled “GPS” and “ADS-B” on the side of Stratus are for connecting external antennas. To connect Stratus to an external antenna, insert the external antenna cable connector into the respective Stratus port and use the suction cups included with the external antenna to place the antenna in its mounting location. SIDE VIEW WARNING: Ensure you are connecting the antenna to the correct port. Inserting the antenna into an incorrect port may result in permanent damage to the port and/or the antenna. 9 LED INDICATOR STATUS Label GPS signal Color Condition Indicated Green 3-D lock Yellow 2-D lock Yellow flashing No lock, searching for signal Off Stratus is powered off Green If connected to external power, battery is at 100% charge If not connected to external power, battery is at 20% to 100% charge Yellow* If connected to external power, battery is charging If not connected to external power, battery is at 5% to 19% charge Red, continuous No external power is being received, battery is at 1% to 4% charge Red flashing Connected to an incompatible charger, or charger is unable to provide sufficient power Red flashing for five seconds Stratus does not have sufficient battery power to power on or stay on Off No external power is being received, device is powered off Power (battery symbol) NOTE: The Power LED will flash on and off once when Stratus is connected or disconnected from an external power source. 10 Label Color Condition Indicated Green ADS-B FIS-B signal has been received in the past three seconds Off ADS-B FIS-B signal has not been received in the past three seconds Briefly red and then green Stratus is powering on Red flashing Built-in-Test failure. Contact support for assistance Yellow flashing Installing firmware update Yellow Applying firmware update Green for two seconds Firmware update complete Off for five seconds, then flashing green Power button is being continuously pressed. After 30 seconds, factory reset process will begin. Green to yellow to green Factory reset process is complete ADS-B signal All indicators *If Stratus battery is above 45°C (113°F) and Stratus is connected to external power, it will continue to draw power from the external source but will not charge the battery. When this occurs, the Power LED will be yellow. You may confirm if a battery is charging from the Stratus Status page (see page 14 for more information). 11 CONNECTING TO AN AVIATION APP Your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch must be connected to the Stratus wireless network for Stratus to communicate with ForeFlight Mobile or Stratus Horizon. All iOS devices in the cockpit may be connected to Stratus simultaneously. 1. Tap the Settings icon on your device’s home screen. 2. Tap WiFi. 3. Ensure that WiFi is enabled (the WiFi switch should reveal ON). Tap the Stratus wireless network, displayed under Choose a Network... to connect. Stratus’s wireless network name will be displayed as “Stratus2XXXXX,” where the X’s represent your Stratus’s unique five digit serial number. Once your iOS device is connected to the Stratus wireless network, a checkmark will appear next to the network name. 4. Confirm that Stratus is connected in the Stratus Status page of ForeFlight Mobile or Stratus Horizon. See the Stratus Status Page section on page 14 for more information on this feature. 12 ABOUT AHRS ForeFlight Mobile users can use Stratus for backup AHRS (altitude, heading, and reference system) to enhance situational awareness. For the most accurate AHRS information, ensure Stratus is mounted parallel with the centerline of the aircraft and the logo and LEDs on the device should face the back. Refer to the graphic on the bottom of Stratus for the correct mounting alignment with the aircraft. Mounting Stratus as level as feasible will also help to achieve the most accurate AHRS results. ABOUT FLIGHT DATA RECORDING Stratus has a flight data recording feature that, if enabled, will record position, speed, attitude, and altitude data during each flight. Approximately 20 hours of data can be stored in Stratus’s built-inmemory. After your flight, you can export your Track Log data and display the flight in a supported app or share on many social media platforms. STRATUS REPLAY To extend your battery life, you may turn your iPad screen off or switch to another app. Once you return to ForeFlight Mobile, Stratus will automatically send any missed ADS-B weather information to it. For more information about any of the features on this page, refer to the Pilot’s Guide for ForeFlight Mobile, which is available on ForeFlight’s website and within the app. 13 STRATUS STATUS PAGE Once Stratus is connected to ForeFlight Mobile or Stratus Horizon, you may view information about your device and adjust settings via the Stratus Status page in the app. To access the Stratus Status page in ForeFlight Mobile, tap Devices while in the More view. Then tap the “Stratus, Connected” box. To access the Stratus Status page in Stratus Horizon, tap the white information (i) button. The Stratus Status page displays general information about Stratus in both apps, such as its current battery charge, serial number, and firmware version. The Stratus Status page in ForeFlight Mobile also displays the number of ADS-B towers Stratus is receiving data from, and allows you to adjust the LED brightness and turn on power saving mode. Please refer to the pilot’s guides for ForeFlight Mobile and Stratus Horizon for more information about the Stratus Status page and interacting with Stratus. LED AUTO-DIMMING Stratus contains an ambient light sensor that will brighten or dim the LEDs in response to the ambient light level. You may also manually change the LED brightness settings using the LED Brightness slider on the ForeFlight Mobile Stratus Status page. 14 ABOUT ADS-B WEATHER Stratus receives ADS-B weather data and relays this information to ForeFlight Mobile. The table below lists the weather information that is available from ADS-B broadcasts. See the FAA’s Aeronautical Information Manual, Section 7.1.11 for more information. Product Range Broadcast intervals National Radar Update (CONUS) Contiguous US 15 minutes Local Radar Update 250 NM 2.5 minutes (updated every 5 minutes) AIRMETs 100 NM, airport surface 500 NM en route/terminal 5 minutes SIGMETs and Convective SIGMETs 100 NM airport surface 500 NM en route/terminal 5 minutes METARs 100 NM airport surface 500 NM en route/terminal 5 minutes NOTAM(D) and FDC NOTAM (including TFR) 100 NM 10 minutes PIREPs 500 NM en route/terminal 10 minutes Special Use Airspace 500 NM en route/terminal 10 minutes TAF 100 NM airport surface 500 NM en route/terminal 10 minutes Wind/temperature aloft 1000 NM 10 minutes 15 ABOUT ADS-B TRAFFIC Stratus receives UAT and 1090 ES traffic information from ADS-B ground towers and ADS-B transmitter-equipped (ADS-B “Out”) aircraft and relays it to ForeFlight Mobile. If air traffic is detected by Stratus, it will display in ForeFlight Mobile relative to your aircraft. Refer to the Pilot’s Guide for ForeFlight Mobile for more information on how traffic data is displayed within the app. Air-to-Air Traffic Please be aware that Stratus will only receive air-to-air broadcasts from other aircraft if they are ADS-B Out equipped and within range of Stratus. Air traffic that is not equipped with a Mode ES or UAT ADS-B Out transmitter will not be detected by Stratus air-to-air. Rebroadcast Traffic Using its network of ADS-B ground stations, the FAA can rebroadcast a custom traffic report to ADS-B Out equipped aircraft that are within a 15 nautical mile radius and 3500 feet in altitude of the traffic activity. If your aircraft is not ADS-B Out equipped, it will not receive rebroadcast traffic unless it happens to be within range of an ADS-B Out equipped aircraft that triggers it. If your aircraft is ADS-B Out equipped but is not in contact with an ADS-B ground station, it will not receive rebroadcast traffic. 16 The FAA can rebroadcast traffic information about aircraft equipped with the following transponder types: Mode C, Mode S, Mode ES, and UAT. Mode A transponders and primary radar targets detected by the FAA are not included in rebroadcasted traffic reports. Since not all aircraft are ADS-B Out equipped and not all traffic is rebroadcast, the use of Stratus does not preclude pilots from having to perform see-and-avoid procedures. Stratus is not an active traffic interrogation system nor is it an ADS-B Out device. NOTE: Your Stratus will likely not receive weather or rebroadcast traffic information on the ground as ADS-B information is broadcast by ground towers. The altitude Stratus begins to receive weather and rebroadcast traffic information will vary depending on the distance to nearby towers, and terrain and other obstacles that may be between Stratus and a tower. 17 UPDATING FIRMWARE Occasionally, Stratus firmware updates will be released. These updates may activate new capabilities or address known issues. If a firmware update is available, it will be sent to your iOS device as an update to ForeFlight Mobile in the App Store. You may be notified of an update to ForeFlight Mobile via an update badge, push notification, or banner, depending on your iOS device’s Notification settings. NOTE: Not all updates to ForeFlight Mobile will contain firmware updates for Stratus. Once you have updated ForeFlight Mobile, you may apply the Stratus firmware update, if one is available, from the Stratus Status page. If a firmware update is available, the firmware version on Stratus Status page will be followed by the text “Tap to Update.” To apply the update, tap the firmware version number in the Stratus Status page and follow the on-screen instructions. It may take several minutes to update Stratus’s firmware. Do not power off your Stratus or iOS device during a firmware update or close ForeFlight Mobile. NOTE: You may need to reconnect to ForeFlight Mobile after your Stratus’s firmware has been updated. 18 WARNINGS Data • Stratus is an ADS-B In only product and does not satisfy the FAA’s 2020 ADS-B Out requirement. • Use of personal electronic devices while in-flight may pose a safety hazard. Use of Stratus on an operating aircraft is subject to approval by the Pilot in Command. • Position information provided by Stratus should be used for situational awareness only and should not be used as your primary navigation source. • AHRS data provided by Stratus should be used for supplemental purposes only and should not be used for IFR flying. Weather • ADS-B weather information is provided within the United States only. • Weather information provided by Stratus is delayed and may not always be available. Do not rely solely on the information provided by Stratus to make tactical decisions. Traffic • Stratus does not replace the need for collision avoidance systems or see-andavoid procedures! Most aircraft are not currently ADS-B Out equipped and therefore not detectable by Stratus. 19 Battery • Do not store Stratus in environments where temperatures exceed 45°C (113°F) or are lower than -20°C (-4°F). Do not operate Stratus in environments where temperatures exceed 35°C (95°F) or are lower than 0°C (32°F) Battery performance will be negatively affected if these temperature thresholds are exceeded. • Stratus contains a fan inside the battery compartment that will turn on if the battery reaches a predetermined high temperature. The fan draws cool air in through vents located on the front of the device and exhausts warm air through vents located on the back. For this reason, it is important to position the front of Stratus as close to the pilot as possible so that it can draw cool air from the cabin. • To prevent permanent damage to the device, Stratus will automatically power off if the battery reaches a temperature at which it is unsafe to operate. • Stratus contains a lithium battery. Do not disassemble the device. Do not incinerate or puncture the device or the battery. • Ensure that disposal of Stratus is in accordance with local requirements for the recycling of electronic appliances and batteries. • Check with current FAA rules before carrying device on checked luggage. 600890-000038 Rev 1.3 20 RESETTING TO FACTORY SETTINGS To return Stratus to its default factory settings, press and hold the power button for 30 seconds while the device is on. Once the factory reset is complete, all of the LED indicators will cycle from green to yellow to green. The factory reset will change the LED dimming and power mode settings back to default. SERVICING Stratus is not field-serviceable. If you believe your Stratus unit requires repair or maintenance, please contact the retailer you purchased your Stratus from for further instruction. Contact information for Stratus retailers may be found on the back cover of this Pilot’s Guide. Repairs made outside of a Stratus-approved repair center could void the warranty and may result in further damage to the device. WARRANTY The Stratus Limited Warranty is valid one year after Stratus is shipped from the retailer. To view the full warranty, go to www.appareo.com/stratus SUPPORT Sporty’s 513-735-9000 email@example.com www.sportys.com/stratus Appareo Systems firstname.lastname@example.org www.appareo.com/stratus ForeFlight email@example.com www.foreflight.com/stratus FAQs Answers to your frequently asked questions and a map of current national ADS-B coverage may be found on any of our websites.