ACphpaepnt de ir x
B
1
Windows Command
Reference
Programs Provided with Windows
This appendix lists all the programs installed by Windows Setup on the 32-bit versions of
Windows 2000 Professional, Windows XP (Home Edition, Professional, and Media Center
Edition), and Windows Vista (Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate),
with all optional components installed. It also lists some programs installed by Windows
Update and Automatic Updates.
The purpose of this appendix is to help you identify programs that you find running in your
Task Manager window, and to let you browse for interesting standard programs that you might
not be aware of. The programs fall into several categories:
■ Graphical User Interface (GUI) programs, such as Notepad and Internet Explorer. GUI
programs are delivered as executable files with an .EXE filename extension.
■ Command-line (console) utilities such as ping and dir. Most command-line programs
are delivered as executable (.EXE and .COM) files, with the exception of a few script files
(.VBS and .JS), and some “built-in” commands that are handled directly by the command prompt processor cmd.exe or command.com.
■ Control Panel applets, screensavers, and Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snapins. The files have corresponding filename extensions: .SCR for screensavers, .MSC for
MMC snap-ins, and .CPL for Control Panel applets.
■ Components such as device drivers, Windows services, and programs used solely as
“helper” components of other programs. These programs may have a filename extension
that makes them look like standard programs, but they are not useful on their own.
This appendix does not list the optional programs installed from the \TOOLS folder on the
Windows Setup CD-ROM or DVD, although it does lists a few subcomponents of these tools
that end up under your \windows folder. The tools themselves are listed in Appendix A,
“Windows Tool Reference.”
B2
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Running Applications and Components
Applications can be started in the following ways:
■ GUI and command-line programs can be run from shortcuts, from Windows Explorer, or, if
they are in a folder listed in the PATH environment variable, by typing their name in the
Start Menu’s Run dialog, or at the prompt in a Command Prompt window. On Windows
Vista, you can also type a command name into the Start Menu’s search box, and in most
cases, Windows will locate and run the program.
■ Script files can be run by name, or can be forced to run in GUI or command-line mode
with the wscript or cscript commands, respectively. For more information on scripting,
see Chapter 9, “Windows Commands and Scripting.”
■ MMC snap-ins can be run using the start command, for example
start compmgmt.msc
or by installing them into an MMC panel. On Windows XP and 2000, you can run an
MMC snap-in with Administrator privileges by typing the command
runas /user:Administrator “cmd /c xxxx.msc”
On Windows Vista, you don’t need to use runas, as the User Account Control prompt will
appear if the snap-in requires administrative privileges. You just can type the snap-in’s filename into the Start menu’s search box.
■ Control Panel applets can be run from the Control Panel or from the command line, as in
this example:
control timedate.cpl
On Windows 2000 and XP, you can run a Control Panel applet with Administrator privileges by typing the command
runas /user:Administrator “control xxxx.cpl”
Again, on Vista, runas is not needed.
This technique does not work with ncpa.cpl, however, unless you have previously configured Windows Explorer to launch folder windows in separate processes, by checking this
option in the Tools, Folder Options, View tab. If you are using runas, the option has to
have been set while logged on to the account that you specify in the runas command.
x.scr /s
■ Device drivers and services cannot be run directly, but are managed by tools such as the
Services MMC snap-in (services.msc) or the net start command-line utility. Some
Windows services are packaged as .DLL files and are executed by the svchost.exe program.
Services are discussed in Chapter 4.
Command-Line Syntax
To use a command-line utility, you have to know its particular command-line syntax; that is, you
have to know how to add options, filenames, and other control information to the command
line. To get help for a given command—let’s call it xxx—there are four things to try, in this order:
■ Search for xxx in the Windows Help and Support Center.
■ Type xxx -? | more in a command prompt window.
Programs Provided with Windows
Appendix B
B3
■ Type help xxx | more in a command prompt window.
■ Perform a Google search for Windows command xxx.
Note
The more command is used to keep text from scrolling out of view if there’s more than one screen. If some text is displayed and then the printout stops, press the spacebar to display the next screen.
There’s no way to tell beforehand which one or more of these methods will work, so you should
try all four. For more information on using command-line programs, see Chapter 9.
NOTE
On Windows Vista, most of the information for command line programs has been deleted from the Help and
Support Center. Your best bet on Vista is to use the -? and help options, or use Internet sources, as discussed in
Chapter 9. Alternately, look up help information on a computer running XP.
Legend
In the tables that follow, the Filename column lists the names of program files installed in the
various standard Windows folders. The filename’s extension indicates the type of program file.
Extension
Description
.BAT
Batch file (a text file containing a sequence of commands)
.CMD
Batch file (alternate extension)
.COM
MS-DOS executable program
.CPL
Control Panel applet (actually a dynamic link library loaded and used by control.exe)
.EXE
Windows GUI program, Windows command-line program, or MS-DOS program
.JS
JavaScript script (a text file containing a program written in the JavaScript language)
.MSC
MMC snap-in (actually a dynamic link library or XML file meant to be loaded and used by
mmc.exe)
.SCR
Screensaver (actually a standard Windows executable file)
.SYS
MS-DOS device driver
.VBS
VBScript script (a text file containing a program written in the VBScript language)
.WSF
Windows Script Host packaged script
The OS column indicates the operating system(s) with which the program comes.
OS
Operating System Versions
2
Windows 2000 Professional
X
Windows XP Home Edition, Professional, or Media Center Edition
V
Windows Vista Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise, or Ultimate
Not every version of these operating systems includes all the listed files, and the tables list files
included only with the 32-bit versions of the operating systems. For instance WFS.EXE, Windows
B4
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Fax and Scan, is only found in the Ultimate, Enterprise, and Business editions of Vista. In addition, some files are installed only if you install optional Windows components (“Turn Windows
Features On or Off” on Vista).
The Type column indicates the general category into which the program falls.
Type
Description
Directly Executable
by the User?
CMD
Command-line (console) program
Yes
DOS
MS-DOS application or driver
Yes
drv
Windows device driver
No
GUI
Graphical User Interface (windowed) application
Yes
ndu
Not directly usable, meant to assist some other application
No
SCR
Batch file, or script handled by Windows Script Host
(cscript or wscript)
Yes
svc
Windows service (Services are discussed in Chapter 4)
No
UNIX
Services for UNIX-Based Applications application
Yes
In the Description column, Source indicates the source of a program if it is not installed by
Windows Setup. Some programs can have several alternative sources. For example, the .NET
Framework may be installed by a Service Pack, Windows Update, a download from
microsoft.com, or as part of a third-party application.
Filename
OS
Type
Description
ACW.exe
V
GUI
Windows Guided Help
accwiz.exe
2X
GUI
Accessibility Wizard
actmovie.exe
2X
ndu
Direct Show setup tool
AdapterTroubleshooter.exe
V
ndu
Display troubleshooter
admin.exe
2X
ndu
FrontPage Server Extensions component
adsutil.vbs
2XV
SCR
Manages IIS server through ADSI (sample script)
agentsvr.exe
2XV
ndu
Microsoft Agent (animated assistant) component
agtcore.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
agtscrp2.js
X
ndu
Windows help script component
agtscrpt.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
ahui.exe
X
ndu
Application Compatibility Wizard component
alg.exe
XV
svc
Application Layer Gateway Service—Provides
support for third-party protocol plug-ins for ICS
and ICF
ansi.sys
2XV
DOS
ANSI screen driver for MS-DOS subsystem
appcmd.exe
V
CMD
IIS Application Server admin tool
append.exe
2XV
DOS
Makes directories appear “local” (archaic)
AppLaunch.exe
V
ndu
Microsoft .NET ClickOnce launch utility
arcldr.exe
2
ndu
Used by Windows boot process
Programs Provided with Windows
B5
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
arcsetup.exe
2
ndu
Used by Windows boot process
arp.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays and edits ARP cache (TCP/IP)
arpidfix.exe
X
ndu
Windows Update component
aspnet_compiler.exe
V
CMD
ASP.NET application compiler
aspnet_regbrowsers.exe
V
CMD
Adds data on web browsers to ASP.NET database
aspnet_regiis.exe
2XV
CMD
Used to maintain correct linkage between different installed versions of .NET Framework and
ASP.NET applications installed under IIS (source:
.NET Framework)
aspnet_regsql.exe
V
CMD
Associates MS SQL Server databases with
ASP.NET applications
aspnet_state.exe
2XV
svc
Holds session state data for ASP.NET web-based
applications (source: .NET Framework)
aspnet_wp.exe
2XV
ndu
ASP.NET runtime process—CGI application that
runs ASP.NET web-based applications on behalf
of IIS (source: .NET Framework)
aspnetca.exe
V
ndu
ASP.NET setup component
asr_fmt.exe
X
CMD
Automated System Recovery backup and restore
asr_ldm.exe
X
CMD
Automated System Recovery Logical Disk manager
asr_pfu.exe
X
ndu
Automated System Recovery component
at.exe
2XV
CMD
Schedules program to run automatically (obsolete)
AtBroker.exe
V
ndu
Supports Accessibility tools across Remote
Desktop sessions
atmadm.exe
2X
CMD
Displays ATM Call Manager statistics
attrib.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays and sets file/folder attributes
audioconverter.exe
X
GUI
Windows Audio Converter, converts music files
between different encoding formats (source:
Standard on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows
XP)
audiodg.exe
V
ndu
Windows Audio Device Graph Isolation
audit.exe
V
ndu
Windows setup component
auditpol.exe
V
CMD
Audit Policy configuration tool
auditusr.exe
X
CMD
Manages per-user audit policy settings
author.exe
2X
ndu
FrontPage Server Extensions component (CGI
application)
autochk.exe
2XV
ndu
Checks and repairs Windows File Systems
autoconv.exe
2XV
ndu
Automates the file system conversion during
reboots
autoexec.bat
XV
DOS
Batch file executed upon Windows startup
autofmt.exe
2XV
ndu
Automates the file format process during reboots
autolfn.exe
2X
ndu
Used for formatting long filenames
AxInstUI.exe
V
ndu
ActiveX Installer Service
(continues)
B6
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
basename.exe
V
UNIX
Strips paths from filename arguments
basicfunctions.js
X
ndu
Media Center Edition help component
bcdedit.exe
V
CMD
Windows boot configuration utility
bckgzm.exe
X
GUI
Internet Backgammon
bfsvc.exe
V
GUI
Boot File Servicing utility
BdeHdCfg.exe
V
CMD
BitLocker Drive Preparation Tool (source:
Windows Ultimate Extras)
BitLockerWizard.exe
V
GUI
BitLocker Drive Encryption Wizard
bitsadmin.exe
V
CMD
BITS (Windows Update downloader) configuration tool
blastcln.exe
X
CMD
MSBLAST virus removal utility (installed by
Windows Update)
bootcfg.exe
XV
CMD
Modifies the BOOT.INI configuration file
bootok.exe
2X
CMD
Boot acceptance application for Registry
bootvrfy.exe
2X
CMD
Notifies the system that startup was successful
bridgeunattend.exe
V
ndu
Network bridging setup component
bthudtask.exe
V
ndu
Bluetooth Uninstall Device Task
cacls.exe
2XV
CMD
Clears the command prompt window
cafixweb.exe
2
ndu
Service pack installation component, probably
targeted at Windows 2000 Server rather than
Pro
calc.exe
2XV
GUI
Calculator accessory
calendar.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
CaptureWizard.exe
V
ndu
Moviemaker import wizard
caspol.exe
2XV
CMD
ASP.NET Code Access Security Policy tool; sets
security policy for ASP.NET applications (assemblies) (source: .NET Framework)
cat.exe
V
UNIX
Prints input files
cat32.exe
V
UNIX
Win32 version of cat utility
cb32.exe
2X
GUI
NetMeeting component, invokes Chat window
cbsra.exe
V
ndu
Windows Update component (source: Vista SP1)
cclitesetupui.exe
V
GUI
MSN Connection Center installer
cdlm.exe
X
GUI
CD Label Maker (source: Standard on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP)
cdplayer.exe
2
GUI
CD music player utility
CertEnrollCtrl.exe
V
ndu
Certificate enrollment component
certreq.exe
V
CMD
Certificate request utility
certutil.exe
V
CMD
Certificate management tool
cfgwiz.exe
2X
ndu
Front Page Server Extensions configuration component
chaccess.vbs
2X
SCR
Changes access on website folders (ADSI)
change.exe
XV
ndu
Used on Windows Server only, terminal server
management tool
Programs Provided with Windows
B7
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
charmap.exe
2XV
GUI
Character map
chcp.com
2XV
CMD
Changes console code page
Chess.exe
V
GUI
Chess Titans game
chglogon.exe
XV
ndu
Works on Windows Server only; terminal server
management tool
chgport.exe
XV
ndu
Works on Windows Server only; terminal server
management tool
chgrp.exe
V
UNIX
Changes file group membership
chgusr.exe
XV
ndu
Works on Windows server only; terminal server
management tool
chkdsk.exe
2XV
CMD
Checks and repairs file system integrity
chkntfs.exe
2XV
CMD
Schedules automatic chkdsk at boot time
chkrzm.exe
X
GUI
Internet checkers game
chmod.exe
V
UNIX
Changes file permissions
choice.exe
V
CMD
Batch file tool: prompts for a single-character
interactive response
chown.exe
V
UNIX
Changes file ownership
cidaemon.exe
2XV
svc
Indexing service
cintsetp.exe
2X
ndu
Input Method Editor (for example, Asian language input system) setup component (source:
Windows Update)
cipher.exe
2XV
CMD
Encrypts and decrypts files and folders
cisvc.exe
2XV
svc
Indexing Service—Indexes contents and properties of files on local and remote computers; provides rapid access to files through flexible
querying language
cjime.exe
2
ndu
Appears to be involved in installing or updating
national language drivers
ckcnv.exe
2X
ndu
Cookie converter; Internet Explorer software
update component (source: Windows Update)
cleanmgr.exe
2XV
GUI
Disk Cleanup program
cliconfg.exe
2XV
GUI
SQL Server Client Network Utility
clip.exe
V
CMD
Copies standard input to the clipboard (batch file
tool)
clipbrd.exe
2X
GUI
Clipboard viewer—multiuser
clipsrv.exe
2X
svc
ClipBook Service, shares Clipboard across a network
clock.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
clrgc.exe
V
CMD
.NET Framework utility
clspack.exe
2
CMD
Lists Java system packages
clusftp.vbs
V
ndu
IIS management script component
cluster.exe
2
CMD
Windows Cluster configuration tool
clusweb.vbs
V
ndu
IIS management script component
(continues)
B8
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
cmd.exe
2XV
CMD
Command shell. Processes commands in batch
files or typed into the Command Prompt window.
This is the 32-bit Windows replacement for
DOS’s command.com, and it is a significant
improvement. See Chapter 9 for more information.
cmdkey.exe
V
CMD
Credential (stored password) management tool
cmdl32.exe
2XV
ndu
Connection Manager Auto-Download
cmmgr32.exe
2
ndu
Windows Connection Manager component
cmmon32.exe
2XV
ndu
Connection Manager Monitor
cmstp.exe
2XV
CMD
Connection Manager profile installer
cofire.exe
V
ndu
Corrupted File Recovery component
colorcpl.exe
V
GUI
Color Management control panel
comclust.exe
2
GUI
Cluster configuration wizard for MS DTC
command.com
2XV
DOS
MS-DOS command shell
common.js
2X
ndu
Component of several JS applications (source:
Services for UNIX 3.5)
commonfunc.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
comp.exe
2XV
CMD
Compares files
compact.exe
2XV
CMD
Enables and disables file and folder compression
CompMgmtLauncher.exe
V
GUI
Opens the Computer Management MMC snap-in
ComputerDefaults.exe
V
GUI
Set Program Access and Computer Defaults control panel
comrepl.exe
2XV
CMD
COMREPL replicates one computer’s COM+
applications to one or more target computers
comrereg.exe
2X
CMD
Appears to repair COM object Registry database
comsdupd.exe
X
ndu
Service Pack update component
ComSvcConfig.exe
V
CMD
Configures Windows Communication Foundation
integration with COM+ applications
conf.exe
2X
GUI
NetMeeting application
configwizards.exe
2X
GUI
Lets you adjust .NET security, select trusted assemblies, or repair a managed application (source:
.NET Framework)
conime.exe
2XV
GUI
Input method editor
consent.exe
V
ndu
User Account Control component
constants.js
X
ndu
Component of Remote Assistance
contacts.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
contftp.vbs
2X
SCR
Restarts paused FTP server
control.exe
2XV
GUI
Starts the Control Panel
controls.js
X
ndu
Component of Windows tour
contsrv.vbs
2X
SCR
Restarts paused IIS server
contweb.vbs
2X
SCR
Restarts paused web server
Programs Provided with Windows
B9
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
convert.exe
2XV
CMD
Schedules conversion of volume from FAT to
NTFS
convlog.exe
2X
CMD
Converts IIS log files to various standard formats
copy2gac.exe
X
CMD
Copies .NET assemblies to the Global Assembly
Cache to repair damaged installations (see
Microsoft Knowledge Base article 827073)
copymar.exe
X
ndu
MSN Explorer component
country.sys
2XV
DOS
Locale driver for MS-DOS subsystem
cp.exe
V
UNIX
Copies files or folders
cplexe.exe
2X
ndu
Japanese Input Method Editor component
cprofile.exe
X
ndu
Used on Windows Server only; terminal server
management tool
cpu.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
credwiz.exe
V
GUI
Stored User Names and Passwords
backup/restore wizard
csc.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET Visual C# command-line compiler (source:
.NET Framework)
cscript.exe
2XV
CMD
Windows Scripts Host—command-line version
csh.bat
V
UNIX
Starts C shell
csrss.exe
2XV
svc
Client server runtime process
csrstub.exe
V
ndu
16-bit Windows compatibility component
ctfmon.exe
XV
svc
Alternative User Input Services service
currency.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
cvtres.exe
2XV
CMD
Converts Resource file data to COFF objects
(source: .NET Framework)
dancer.exe
X
GUI
Displays one or two persons dancing on the
desktop, optionally to music (source: Standard on
MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP)
date.exe
V
UNIX
Prints date and time
davcdata.exe
X
ndu
Front Page Server Extensions component
dcomcnfg.exe
2XV
GUI
Displays and manages DCOM configuration
ddeshare.exe
2X
GUI
Displays DDE shares on local or remote computer
ddmprxy.exe
2
ndu
Some sort of networking component
debug.exe
2XV
DOS
Debugs programs (archaic)
defrag.exe
XV
CMD
Defragments a disk volume
delttsul.exe
2
ndu
Text-to-speech component
DeviceEject.exe
V
ndu
Shuts down removable disk during setup
DeviceProperties.exe
V
ndu
Device Properties
DFDWiz.exe
V
ndu
Windows Disk Diagnostic User Resolver
dfrgfat.exe
2XV
ndu
Disk defragmenter component
dfrgifc.exe
V
ndu
Disk defragmenter component
dfrgntfs.exe
2XV
ndu
Disk defragmenter component
dfrgui.exe
V
GUI
Disk defragmenter system tool
(continues)
B10
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
dfsr.exe
V
svc
Distributed File System Replication service
dfsvc.exe
V
ndu
.NET framework ClickOnce component
dialer.exe
2XV
GUI
Phone dialer for TAPI/Internet telephony
dialmgr.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
diantz.exe
2XV
CMD
Cabinet file maker, same as makecab
digcore.exe
X
GUI
MSN photo email component installer
digitalx.exe
V
GUI
Digital Locker Assistant
dirname.exe
V
UNIX
Prints path part of filename arguments
discover.exe
2
GUI
Launcher for CD-based “Discover Windows
2000” tour
diskcomp.com
2XV
DOS
Compares two floppy disks
diskcopy.com
2XV
DOS
Copies a floppy disk
diskpart.exe
XV
CMD
Manages disk partitions
diskperf.exe
2XV
CMD
Starts physical disk performance counters (obsolete)
diskraid.exe
V
CMD
Configures RAID disk drives
dispdiag.exe
V
CMD
Extracts graphic adapter data for diagnostic purposes
dispnode.vbs
2X
SCR
Displays properties of IIS objects (ADSI)
disptree.vbs
2X
SCR
Displays IIS information objects (ADSI)
dlglib.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
dlimport.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Player component
dllhost.exe
2XV
svc
Runs a COM object as a service. Used to run
the DCOM/COM+ System Application service
and other services.
dllhst3g.exe
2XV
svc
DCOM/COM+ Server Host with 3GB support
dmadmin.exe
2X
svc
Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service—
configures hard disk drives and volumes. The service only runs for configuration processes and
then stops.
dmremote.exe
2X
ndu
Part of disk management system
dnscacheugc.exe
V
ndu
Network setup component
docked.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
doskey.exe
2XV
CMD
Provides command-line aliases and editing extensions
dosx.exe
2XV
DOS
DOS Extender, loaded in AUTOEXEC.NT
dotnetfx.exe
2X
GUI
Installation program for .NET Framework (source:
download, Windows Update, or application
installer)
dpapimig.exe
V
ndu
Protected content encryption key management
component
DpiScaling.exe
V
GUI
DPI Scaling control panel
Programs Provided with Windows
B11
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
dplaysvr.exe
2XV
ndu
Direct Play Helper
dpnsvr.exe
XV
ndu
Direct Play networking component
dpvsetup.exe
X
ndu
Direct Play component
driverquery.exe
XV
CMD
Lists installed device drivers
drmupgds.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Player upgrade component
drvinst.exe
V
ndu
Driver Installation component
drvqry.exe
X
CMD
Installed as driverquery.exe
drwatson.exe
2XV
GUI
Dr. Watson for Win16 programs
drwtsn32.exe
2X
GUI
Dr. Watson viewer and configuration manager
dslmain.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
dtcsetup.exe
2
GUI
Installs the Microsoft Distributed Transaction
Coordinator (MS DTC)
dumprep.exe
X
GUI
Wizard that offers to submit crash (blue screen)
dumps to Microsoft
DVDMaker.exe
V
GUI
Windows DVD Maker
dvdplay.exe
2XV
GUI
Windows DVD player
dvdupgrd.exe
XV
GUI
Detects and installs updated DVD decoders
dvdupgrd.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
dw.exe
X
ndu
MSN Explorer component
dw15.exe
2
GUI
Error reporter; run when IE crashes (source:
Windows Update)
dw20.exe
V
GUI
.NET Framework 2.0 error reporting component
dwm.exe
V
ndu
Desktop Window Manager
dwwin.exe
XV
GUI
Dr. Watson for Windows
dxdiag.exe
2XV
GUI
DirectX diagnostics
edit.com
2XV
DOS
Edits text files
edlin.exe
2XV
DOS
Edits text files (primeval)
efsui.exe
V
CMP
Encrypted File System component
egrep.exe
V
UNIX
String search utility
ehexthost.exe
V
CMP
Windows Media Center component
ehmsas.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Center component; notifies
other components of media center events
ehprivjob.exe
V
ndu
Windows Media Center setup component
ehrec.exe
XV
svc
Windows Media Center Receiver service
ehrecvr.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Center component
ehsched.exe
XV
svc
Windows Media Center Scheduler service
ehshell.exe
XV
GUI
Media Center main screen display (“Start”
screen)
ehtray.exe
XV
GUI
Media Center task tray applet
(continues)
B12
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
ehvid.exe
V
ndu
Windows Media Center Video Analysis component
encinst.exe
2
ndu
Windows Installer component
error.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
esentutl.exe
2XV
CMD
MS database utility
etfsboot.com
V
ndu
Boot system component
eudcedit.exe
2XV
GUI
Private character editor
evcreate.exe
X
CMD
Writes an event to the event log from the command line
eventcreate.exe
XV
CMD
Adds an event to the event log
eventquery.vbs
X
SCR
Lists events from the event log
events.js
X
ndu
Component of Windows tour
eventtriggers.exe
X
CMD
Displays and configures event triggers
eventvwr.exe
2XV
GUI
Launches Event Viewer (opens eventvwr.msc)
evntcmd.exe
2XV
CMD
Translates events into SNMP traps
evntwin.exe
2XV
GUI
Configures event to SNMP trap mapping
evtquery.vbs
X
SCR
Installed as eventquery.vbs
evtrig.exe
X
CMD
Installed as eventtriggers.exe
exch_regtrace.exe
X
ndu
Used on Windows server only; server management tool
exe2bin.exe
2XV
DOS
Converts .EXE to .COM file (archaic)
expand.exe
V
CMD
Cabinet file expansion Utility
expinst.exe
2
ndu
Internet Explorer update component used only on
Windows 2000 (source: Windows Update)
explorer.exe
2XV
GUI
Windows Explorer
extrac32.exe
2XV
GUI
CAB File extraction utility; not very user friendly
extract.exe
2X
CMD
Extracts files from Microsoft .CAB files (source:
Win2000 reskit, support\tools)
fastopen.exe
2XV
DOS
Does nothing, provided for compatibility with old
versions of DOS and Windows
faxpatch.exe
X
ndu
Fax service component
faxqueue.exe
2
GUI
Fax queue manager
faxsend.exe
2
GUI
Send Fax Wizard
faxsvc.exe
2
svc
Fax service
fc.exe
2XV
CMD
Compares files
fgrep.exe
V
UNIX
String search utility
filecoll.exe
X
CMD
Install data collector; may be installed with beta
releases of Microsoft software
fileinfo.exe
V
UNIX
File utility
find.exe
2XV
CMD
Finds text in files
findstr.exe
V
CMD
Sting search utility
findweb.vbs
2X
SCR
Locates virtual websites on IIS computers
Programs Provided with Windows
Type
B13
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Description
finger.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays information about a user (UNIX)
FirewallControlPanel.exe
V
GUI
Windows Firewall control panel
FirewallSettings.exe
V
GUI
Windows Firewall Settings dialog
fixmapi.exe
2XV
ndu
Part of Windows/IE/Outlook installation
flattemp.exe
X
ndu
Used on Windows Server only; terminal server
management tool
FlickLearningWizard.exe
V
GUI
Pen Flicks Training program
fltmc.exe
XV
CMD
Displays, adds, removes file system minifilter drivers (source: Windows XP SP2)
fontview.exe
2XV
GUI
Displays fonts in a font file
forcedos.exe
2X
DOS
Runs a program in the MS-DOS environment
forfiles.exe
V
CMD
Executes a command on selected files
format.com
2XV
CMD
Formats fixed or removable disk
fortutil.exe
2
CMD
Fortezza security setup utility
fp98sadm.exe
2X
GUI
Obsolete
fp98swin.exe
2X
GUI
Obsolete
fpadmcgi.exe
2X
ndu
FrontPage Server Extensions component
fpcount.exe
2X
ndu
FrontPage Server Extensions component
fpremadm.exe
2X
CMD
FrontPage Server remote administration
fpsrvadm.exe
2X
CMD
Configures FrontPage Server Extensions ver. 4.0
fpsrvwin.exe
2X
GUI
Obsolete
freecell.exe
2XV
GUI
Popular Windows game
fsquirt.exe
XV
GUI
Bluetooth file transfer utility
fsutil.exe
XV
CMD
Manages the Windows file system
ftp.exe
2XV
CMD
File transfer protocol
ftpqfe.exe
2
ndu
Not sure; probably involved in installation of
Windows patches
fvenotify.exe
V
ndu
BitLocker drive encryption component
fveupdate.exe
V
ndu
BitLocker drive encryption component
fxsclnt.exe
X
GUI
Fax console
fxscover.exe
XV
GUI
Fax cover page editor
fxssend.exe
X
GUI
Send Fax Wizard
fxssvc.exe
XV
svc
Fax service—enables you to send and receive
faxes, utilizing fax resources available on this
computer or on the network
FXSUNATD.exe
V
ndu
Microsoft Fax setup component
gameenum.exe
2
CMD
Appears to trick Windows into installing a game
controller (joystick) without the hardware present
gatherWiredInfo.vbs
V
SCR
Gathers network diagnostic information
gatherWirelessInfo.vbs
V
SCR
Gathers network diagnostic information
gdi.exe
2XV
ndu
Graphic device interface (a fundamental part of
Windows)
(continues)
B14
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
getmac.exe
V
CMD
Displays network adapter information
gpresult.exe
V
CMD
Computes Resulting Set of Policy
gprslt.exe
X
CMD
Computes Resulting Set of Policy
gpscript.exe
V
CMD
Group Policy configuration tool
gpupdate.exe
XV
CMD
Forces update of local and Group Policy settings
graftabl.com
2XV
DOS
Enables display of graphics characters in MSDOS environment
graphics.com
2XV
DOS
Loads graphics printer driver (obsolete)
grep.exe
V
UNIX
String search utility
grpconv.exe
2XV
GUI
Program Manager Group converter
hdwwiz.exe
V
GUI
Add Hardware Wizard
head.exe
V
UNIX
Displays first few lines of a file
Hearts.exe
V
GUI
Hearts game
help.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays command-line program usage information
helpctr.exe
X
GUI
Help and Support center GUI
helphost.exe
X
ndu
Help and Support center component
HelpPane.exe
V
ndu
Help and Support center component
helpsvc.exe
X
ndu
Help and Support center component
hh.exe
2XV
GUI
HTML Help
hidserv.exe
2
ndu
USB audio device support service
hilite.js
X
ndu
Media Center Edition help component
himem.sys
2XV
DOS
Memory driver for MS-DOS subsystem
HoldEm.exe
V
GUI
Texas Hold-Em game (source: Windows Ultimate
Extras)
homepage__desktop.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
homepage__server.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
homepage__shared.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
hostname.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays the local computer’s TCP/IP hostname
hrtzzm.exe
X
GUI
Internet Hearts
hscupd.exe
X
ndu
Help and Support center component
htimage.exe
2
ndu
FrontPage Extensions component—CERN format
image map processor
htmlgen.exe
X
GUI
HTML Slide Show Wizard power toy (source:
PowerToys for XP download)
hypertrm.exe
2X
GUI
Serial/Telnet terminal emulator
iashost.exe
V
ndu
IIS component
icacls.exe
V
CMD
Tool that edits, saves, and restores file access
permissions
icardagt.exe
V
ndu
Windows CardSpace component
iconnect.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience; initial
setup wizard
Programs Provided with Windows
B15
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
icsmgr.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience; initial
setup wizard
icsunattend.exe
V
ndu
Internet Connection Sharing setup component
icwconn1.exe
2X
ndu
Internet Connection Wizard component
icwconn2.exe
2X
ndu
Internet Connection Wizard component
icwrmind.exe
2X
ndu
Internet Connection Wizard component
icwtutor.exe
2X
ndu
Internet Connection Wizard tutorial
idriver.exe
2X
ndu
InstallShield application installer component
idriver2.exe
2X
ndu
InstallShield application installer component
ie4uinit.exe
2XV
ndu
IE5 Per-User setup tool
ie6setup.exe
2
GUI
Internet Explorer update, setup, and configuration
tool (source: Windows Update)
iedw.exe
XV
ndu
Internet Explorer crash-detection component
ieexec.exe
2XV
ndu
.NET application launcher; responsible for downloading and running .NET applications started
from Internet Explorer or Windows Explorer
(source: .NET Framework)
ieinstal.exe
V
ndu
Internet Explorer setup component
iereseticons.exe
X
ndu
IE 7 uninstall component
ieshwiz.exe
2
GUI
Customize This Folder Wizard; lets user specify
display options for Active Desktop view of a
folder
ieudinit.exe
X
ndu
IE 7 setup component
ieUnatt.exe
V
ndu
Internet Explorer setup component
ieuser.exe
V
ndu
Internet Explorer component
iexplore.exe
2XV
GUI
Internet Explorer
iexpress.exe
2XV
GUI
Creates simple Install applications
iframecontentfocus.js
X
ndu
Media Center Edition help component
iframescrolling.js
X
ndu
Media Center Edition help component
IIsExt.vbs
V
ndu
IIS admin script component
iisreset.exe
2XV
CMD
Manages IIS server
iisrstas.exe
2XV
ndu
IIS component
iissetup.exe
V
CMD
IIS Setup
iisswtch.bat
V
SCR
IIS administration batch file
iisswtch.vbs
V
SCR
IIS administration script
iissync.exe
2X
CMD
Replicates IIS configuration across a server cluster
ilasm.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET Intermediate Language command-line
assembler (source: .NET Framework)
imagemap.exe
2
ndu
Front Page Extensions component—NCSA format
image map processor
ImagingDevices.exe
V
GUI
Scanners and Cameras control panel
imapi.exe
X
svc
IMAPI CD-Burning COM service and Image
Mastering API (CD-Burning COM component)
(continues)
B16
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
IMCCPHR.exe
V
ndu
User-defined Phrase tool for Pinyin (Chinese) input
imejpmgr.exe
2
drv
Japanese Input Method Editor (IME) component
imejpmig.exe
2
ndu
Japanese IME utility
imejpuex.exe
2
drv
Japanese IMEcomponent
imekrmig.exe
X
ndu
Korean IME component
imepadsv.exe
XV
ndu
Korean IME component
imjpdadm.exe
XV
ndu
Japenese IME dictionary setup tool
imjpdct.exe
XV
GUI
Japanese IME dictionary tool
imjpdsvr.exe
XV
ndu
Japanese IME component
imjpinst.exe
X
ndu
Japanese IME component
IMJPMGR.EXE
V
GUI
Japanese IME component
imjpmig.exe
X
ndu
Japanese IME component
imjppdmg.exe
V
ndu
Japanese IME component
imjprw.exe
X
ndu
Japanese IME component
imjpuex.exe
XV
GUI
Japanese IME Properties dialog
imjpuexc.exe
V
CMD
Japanese IME Properties command-line configuration tool
imjputy.exe
X
ndu
Japanese Input Method Editor component
imkrinst.exe
X
ndu
Korean Input Method Editor installation component
imscinst.exe
X
ndu
Chinese Input Method editor installation component
IMSCPROP.exe
V
GUI
Microsoft Pinyin IME Options dialog
IMTCPROP.exe
V
ndu
Microsoft Phonetic Chinese IME component
inetin51.exe
X
svc
Installed as inetinfo.exe, see next entry
inetinfo.exe
2XV
svc
IIS services component; provides the IIS Admin,
FTP Publishing, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
(SMTP), and World Wide Web Publishing services
inetmgr.exe
2XV
GUI
Launches Internet Information Services MMC management panel
InetMgr6.exe
V
GUI
IIS Admin Program (V6 compatible)
inetwiz.exe
2X
GUI
Internet Connection Wizard
InfDefaultInstall.exe
V
ndu
Windows Setup component
infocard.exe
V
svc
Windows CardSpace service
inkball.exe
V
GUI
InkBall game
InkWatson.exe
V
GUI
Handwriting Recognition Error Reporting Wizard
for pen computing
InputPersonalization.exe
V
ndu
Input Personalization Server
installutil.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET Framework Installer tool, runs installer components in .NET assemblies (source: .NET
Framework)
internat.exe
2
GUI
Locale-selection tasktray tool
Programs Provided with Windows
B17
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
ipconfig.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays TCP/IP configuration and manage
DHCP leases
ipsec6.exe
X
CMD
IPSec over IPv6 Security Configuration
ipsecmon.exe
2
GUI
IPSec status monitor
IpsOptInSrv.exe
V
GUI
Input Personalization Opt-In dialog
ipv6.exe
X
CMD
IPv6 Installer/configuration tool
ipxroute.exe
2X
CMD
Displays and edits TCP/IP routing table
irftp.exe
2XV
GUI
Wireless Link (IRDA infrared) file transfer wizard
irmon.exe
2
svc
Infrared Port Monitor service
iscsicli.exe
V
CMD
iSCSI discovery tool
iscsicpl.exe
V
GUI
iSCSI Initiator control panel
isignup.exe
2X
ndu
Internet Connection Wizard component
isptype.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
jdbgmgr.exe
2
GUI
Microsoft debugger for Java 4 (not a virus!)
Journal.exe
V
GUI
Windows Journal
jsc.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET JScript command-line compiler (source: .NET
Framework)
jview.exe
2
CMD
Command-line loader for Java
kb16.com
2XV
DOS
Keyboard code set configuration (formerly
KEYB.COM)
keyboard.sys
2X
DOS
Locale driver for MS-DOS subsystem
kodakimg.exe
2
GUI
Imaging for Windows graphics file
view/scan/scale utility
kodakprv.exe
2
GUI
Imaging for Windows graphics file preview utility
krnl386.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows kernel API
ksh.bat
V
UNIX
Opens Korn shell
ktmutil.exe
V
CMD
Kernel Transaction Management utility
label.exe
2XV
CMD
Sets the volume label on a disk or mount point
lhmstsc.exe
X
GUI
Remote Desktop Client 6.0 (source: Windows
Update or XP SP3, also installed as mstsc.exe)
library.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
lights.exe
2X
ndu
Connection status light display
ln.exe
V
UNIX
SUA Utility
lnkstub.exe
2XV
ndu
Stands in for obsolete Win 98/Me component
and warns of incompatibility
loadfix.com
2XV
DOS
Runs a program above the first 64KB of memory
loadmxf.exe
V
GUI
Windows Media Center MXF Loader
localization.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
localizedStrings.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
locator.exe
2XV
svc
Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator—manages
the RPC name service database
(continues)
B18
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
lodctr.exe
2XV
CMD
Installs, backs up, or restores performance counter
definitions
logagent.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows Media Player component
logenum.js
2X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
logenum.vbs
2X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
login.cmd
2XV
CMD
Telnet server login script
logman.exe
XV
CMD
Schedules automatic collection of performance
information
logoff.exe
[2]XV CMD
Logs off from Windows (source: Win2000 reskit,
standard on XP and Vista)
logonui.exe
XV
ndu
Part of logon screen
lpksetup.exe
V
GUI
Install or Uninstall Display Languages Wizard
lpq.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays printer queue (UNIX)
lpr.exe
2XV
CMD
Prints a file (UNIX)
lpremove.exe
V
CMD
MUI language pack cleanup
ls.exe
V
UNIX
Lists folder contents
lsass.exe
2XV
svc
Local and Network Security service. Provides
IPSEC, NetLogon, NTLM, Protected Storage and
Security Accounts Manager (SAM) services
lsm.exe
V
svc
Local Session Manager service
magnify.exe
2XV
GUI
Magnifies the current screen
Mahjong.exe
V
GUI
Mahjong Titans game
makapt15.bat
2
CMD
Configures ADO.NET to use apartment threading
model
makecab.exe
2XV
CMD
Makes cabinet files from files specified on the
command line
makfre15.bat
2
CMD
Configures ADO.NET to use free threading model
manage-bde.wsf
V
SCR
BitLocker management script
mblctr.exe
V
GUI
Windows Mobility Center control panel
mcbuilder.exe
V
ndu
Media Center component
mcrmgr.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Center component
mcspad.exe
V
ndu
Media Center setup component
mcupdate.exe
V
ndu
Media Center component
Mcx2Prov.exe
V
ndu
Media Center component
mdm.exe
2
ndu
Machine Debug Manager
MdRes.exe
V
ndu
Memory diagnostics component
MdSched.exe
V
ndu
Memory diagnostics component
medctrro.cmd
X
ndu
Empty file in Home, Pro installations
medctrro.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Center component
mem.exe
2XV
DOS
Displays free memory in MS-DOS subsystem
memtest.exe
V
ndu
Memory diagnostic
Programs Provided with Windows
B19
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
metaback.js
2X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
metaback.vbs
2X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
metabackrest.js
2X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
metabackrest.vbs
2X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
mfpmp.exe
V
ndu
Media Player component
MigAutoPlay.exe
V
ndu
Windows Easy Transfer component
mighost.exe
V
ndu
Windows Easy Transfer component
migisol.exe
2X
ndu
Part of Windows 9x-to-Windows 2000 upgrade
process
migload.exe
X
ndu
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard subcomponent
migpol.exe
2
ndu
.NET Framework updating component (source:
Windows Update)
migpolwin.exe
2
ndu
.NET Framework updating component (source:
Windows Update)
migpwd.exe
2X
ndu
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard component
migrate.exe
X
ndu
Part of Windows Media Player installer, updates
settings from older versions
migrate.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
migregdb.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows install/update component
MigSetup.exe
V
ndu
Windows Easy Transfer component
migwiz.exe
XV
GUI
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
migwiz_a.exe
X
ndu
Files and Settings Transfer Wizard component
MineSweeper.exe
V
GUI
Minesweeper game
mkdir.exe
V
UNIX
Creates folders
mkftpdir.vbs
X
SCR
Sample IIS management script
mkw3site.vbs
2
SCR
Creates a new IIS virtual web server, but doesn’t
let you avoid one server limit on Windows 2000
Pro
mkwebdir.vbs
2X
SCR
Creates a virtual directory in a website
mkwebsrv.js
2
SCR
See mkw3site.vbs
mkwebsrv.vbs
2
SCR
See mkw3site.vbs
mmc.exe
2XV
GUI
Microsoft Management Console
mmcperf.exe
X
CMD
Generates native (faster) versions of MMC 3.0
snap-ins. (source: XP SP3 or MMC 3.0 download)
mnmsrvc.exe
2X
svc
NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing Service
mobsync.exe
2XV
GUI
Synchronization manager/wizard
mode.com
2XV
DOS
Configures port, display, and keyboard settings
mofcomp.exe
2XV
CMD
Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
database MOF compiler
more.com
2XV
CMD
Displays text one page at a time
(continues)
B20
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
more.exe
V
UNIX
Displays text one page at a time
mount.exe
V
CMD
Client for NFS export/share mount utility
mountvol.exe
2XV
CMD
Creates, deletes, and lists volume mount points
mousetut.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience, initial
setup wizard
movefocus.js
X
ndu
Media Center Edition help component
moviemk.exe
XV
GUI
Windows Movie Maker
MpCmdRun.exe
V
CMD
Windows Defender configuration tool
mplay32.exe
2X
GUI
MS Media Player
mplayer2.exe
2X
GUI
Windows Media Player version 6
mpnotify.exe
2XV
ndu
Multiple Provider Notification application
mq1sync.exe
2
ndu
Microsoft Message Queue Service component
mqbkup.exe
2XV
CMD
MS Message Queue Backup and Restore Utility
mqexchng.exe
2
ndu
MSMQ setup tool for Windows 2000 Server
only
mqmig.exe
2
ndu
Used by Windows upgrade process to migrate
Microsoft Message Queue (MSMQ) data
mqsvc.exe
2XV
svc
MS Message Queueing Service
mqtgsvc.exe
XV
svc
Message Queuing Service Triggers Service component
mrinfo.exe
2XV
CMD
Multicast routing using SNMP
mrt.exe
XV
GUI
Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal
Tool
MSASCui.exe
V
GUI
Windows Defender scan/configure display
MSBuild.exe
V
CMD
Project build utility
mscdexnt.exe
2XV
DOS
MS CD Extensions, loaded in AUTOEXEC.NT
msconfig.exe
XV
ndu
Help and Support center component
mscorsvw.exe
V
svc
.NET Runtime Native Image
Generation/Optimization service
msdt.exe
V
GUI
Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool
msdtc.exe
2XV
svc
Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service
msdtcvtr.bat
XV
CMD
Distributed Transaction Coordinator debugging
script
msfeedssync.exe
XV
ndu
Microsoft Feeds Synchronization (IE 7 component)
msg.exe
XV
CMD
Sends a message to another user
mshearts.exe
X
GUI
Hearts game
mshta.exe
2XV
ndu
HTML Application Host
msiexec.exe
2XV
svc
Windows Installer service
msimn.exe
2X
GUI
Outlook Express
msinfo32.exe
2XV
GUI
System Information utility—GUI version
msiregmv.exe
2X
ndu
Used to update Microsoft Installer data for applications installed under MSI version 1.1
Programs Provided with Windows
B21
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
msmqprop.exe
2
ndu
Used by Windows 2000 SP3 installer to update
MSMQ registry values
msmsgs.exe
X
GUI
Windows Messenger
msmsgsin.exe
X
ndu
MS Messenger component
msn6.exe
X
GUI
MSN Explorer
msncli.exe
X
GUI
MSN browser installer
msnsusii.exe
X
GUI
MSN browser installer wizard
msnunin.exe
X
ndu
MSN Explorer uninstaller
msoobe.exe
XV
GUI
Windows Activation Wizard
mspaint.exe
2XV
GUI
Paint accessory
msra.exe
V
GUI
Windows Remote Assistance
msscrdbg.exe
2X
GUI
Microsoft Script Debugger (source: Windows
Update or download)
msswchx.exe
2X
ndu
Subcomponent of On-Screen Keyboard
mstask.exe
2
svc
Windows task scheduler service
mstinit.exe
2X
ndu
Task scheduler setup, installs scheduled maintenance items
mstsc.exe
XV
GUI
Terminal Services Client (Remote Desktop) (source:
\add-ons\tsclient\mstsc)
mtedit.exe
V
GUI
Group Policy Migration Table Editor
mtstocom.exe
2XV
ndu
Used by Windows upgrade process to migrate
Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) data to
COM+
muisetup.exe
X
ndu
Multilingual User Interface (MUI) setup component
MuiUnattend.exe
V
ndu
MUI setup component
muninst.exe
2
ndu
Internet Explorer update/uninstall component
(source: Windows Update)
mv.exe
V
UNIX
Moves and renames files
mwcload.exe
2
CMD
IBM Mwave modem driver management utility
mwcloadw.exe
2
CMD
IBM Mwave modem driver management utility
mwcpyrt.exe
2
GUI
Displays copyright notice for IBM Mwave modem
driver
mwcsw32.exe
2
GUI
IBM Mwave modem driver configuration utility
mwmdmsvc.exe
2
svc
IBM Mwave modem service
mwrcov16.exe
2
ndu
IBM Mwave modem driver installer for Windows
9x
mwremind.exe
2
GUI
IBM mwave modem utility
mwssw32.exe
2
ndu
IBM mwave modem utility
napstat.exe
XV
GUI
Network Access Protection taskbar tool (comes
with SP3 for XP)
narrator.exe
2XV
GUI
Onscreen narrator
nbtstat.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP statistics and name
tables
(continues)
B22
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
nddeapir.exe
2X
ndu
NDDE API server side
net.exe
2XV
CMD
Networking management utility
net1.exe
2XV
ndu
Part of NET command
netbtugc.exe
V
ndu
Network setup component
netcfg.exe
V
CMD
WinPE (Windows Setup) network installer component
netdde.exe
2X
svc
Network DDE and Network DDE DSDM services
netfxsbs10.exe
2V
ndu
.NET Framework software update component
(source: Windows Update)
netfxupdate.exe
X
ndu
.NET Framework software update component
(source: .NET Framework)
netiougc.exe
V
ndu
Network setup component
Netplwiz.exe
V
GUI
Windows 2000–style User Accounts control
panel (run by “control userpasswords2”)
NetProj.exe
V
GUI
Connect to a Network Projector
netsetup.exe
X
GUI
Network setup wizard
netsh.exe
2XV
CMD
Network configuration utility
netstat.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays current TCP/IP connections and open
sockets
newdev.exe
V
ndu
Device driver installer component
nfsadmin.exe
V
CMD
Services for NFS administration utility
nfsclnt.exe
V
svc
Client for NFS service
ngen.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET Native Image Generator; creates and
caches native-code versions of .NET assemblies
(source: .NET Framework)
nlsfunc.exe
2XV
DOS
Loads country/region information
notepad.exe
2XV
GUI
Notepad accessory
notes.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
notiflag.exe
X
ndu
Help and Support Center component
nppagent.exe
2X
ndu
Network Monitor data gathering agent
nslookup.exe
2XV
CMD
Query DNS servers
ntbackup.exe
2X
GUI
Backs up and restores files
ntdetect.com
2X
ndu
Used by Windows boot process
ntdsutil.exe
2
CMD
Active Directory database maintenance utility
ntkrnlmp.exe
2X
ndu
Windows NT kernel component
ntkrnlpa.exe
2XV
ndu
Kernel patch
ntkrpamp.exe
2X
ndu
Windows NT kernel component
ntoskrnl.exe
2XV
ndu
Core NT kernel
ntprint.exe
V
ndu
Printer driver installer component
ntsd.exe
2X
CMD
System-level debugger
ntvdm.exe
2XV
ndu
MS-DOS Virtual Machine environment
nw16.exe
2X
DOS
Netware 16-bit Redirector, loaded in
AUTOEXEC.NT
Programs Provided with Windows
Type
B23
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Description
nwscript.exe
2X
CMD
Runs NetWare logon scripts
ocsetup.exe
V
CMD
Windows Optional Component Setup command
line utility
odbcad32.exe
2XV
GUI
Data sources (ODBC 32-bit Administrator)
odbcconf.exe
2XV
CMD
ODBC database driver and data source configuration
oemig50.exe
2X
ndu
Outlook Express component
oeuninst.exe
2
ndu
Outlook Express uninstaller component (source:
Windows Update)
onlinesetup.cmd
V
CMD
Windows setup remnant
oobebaln.exe
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience; initial
setup wizard
oobeldr.exe
V
GUI
Windows setup component
oobeutil.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience; initial
setup wizard
openfiles.exe
XV
CMD
Displays files in use by local processes or network
users
opnfiles.exe
X
CMD
(Installed as openfiles.exe
OptionalFeatures.exe
V
GUI
Windows Features (Turn Windows Features On or
Off) control panel
os2.exe
2
ndu
OS/2 subsystem component
os2srv.exe
2
ndu
OS/2 subsystem component
os2ss.exe
2
ndu
OS/2 subsystem component
oschoice.exe
X
ndu
Boot loader version; may be installed instead of
ntldr on boot drive
ose.exe
[2XV] svc
Office source engine, processes updates and
repairs for Microsoft Office, if installed
osk.exe
2XV
GUI
Onscreen keyboard
osloader.exe
2X
ndu
Used by Windows boot process
osuninst.exe
X
GUI
Uninstalls Windows XP
p2phost.exe
V
GUI
People Near Me
packager.exe
2X
GUI
Object Packager; lets you embed objects into
documents
pagefileconfig.vbs
X
SCR
Manages the system virtual memory page file
partymode.exe
X
GUI
Turns computer into a jukebox that can access
music content but not other files (source: Standard
on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP)
pathping.exe
2XV
CMD
Tests TCP/IP connectivity
pauseftp.vbs
2X
SCR
Pauses FTP service
pausesrv.vbs
2X
SCR
Pauses IIS server
pauseweb.vbs
2X
SCR
Pauses web server
pax.exe
2
CMD
UNIX file archiving utility
pcaelv.exe
V
ndu
Program Compatibility Assistant component
(continues)
B24
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
pcalua.exe
V
ndu
Program Compatibility Assistant component
pcaui.exe
V
ndu
Program Compatibility Assistant component
PDIALOG.exe
V
ndu
Windows Journal Note Writer “Creating
Document Image” progress display
pentnt.exe
2X
CMD
Check CPU for the Pentium math bug
PenTraining.exe
V
GUI
Tablet PC Pen Training
perfmon.exe
2XV
GUI
Performance console with a Windows NT 4 settings file
perfvd.exe
2
ndu
IIS performance counter update installer
phime.exe
2
CMD
Installs Chinese phonetic Input Method Editor
picturePuzzle.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
pinball.exe
2X
GUI
Pinball game
pintool.exe
X
GUI
Smart Card authentication component
ping.exe
2XV
CMD
Ping utility
ping6.exe
X
CMD
IPV6 Ping utility
pintlphr.exe
X
ndu
Chinese Input Method editor component
pipanel.exe
V
ndu
Tablet PC component
PkgMgr.exe
V
CMD
Package Manager command-line tool
plasrv.exe
V
ndu
Performance Logs and Alerts component
PnPUnattend.exe
V
ndu
PnP device setup component
PnPutil.exe
V
CMD
Adds, deletes, and lists PnP driver packages
poqexec.exe
V
ndu
Primitive Operations Queue Executor (Windows
kernel component)
posix.exe
2V
ndu
Posix subsystem component (part of Services for
UNIX, or Subsystem for UNIX-Based Applications)
powercalc.exe
X
GUI
Calculator power toy (source: PowerToys for XP
download)
powercfg.exe
XV
CMD
Manages power management schemes from the
command line
PresentationFontCache.exe
V
svc
Windows Presentation Foundation font caching
service
PresentationHost.exe
V
ndu
Windows Presentation Foundation component
PresentationSettings.exe
V
GUI
Presentation Settings control panel
prevhost.exe
V
ndu
Preview Handler Surrogate Host
print.exe
2XV
DOS
Copies a file to a local LPT-port printer
PrintBrm.exe
V
CMD
Printer setup backup/recovery/migration (BRM)
tool
PrintBrmEngine.exe
V
ndu
Printer setup BRM component
PrintBrmUi.exe
V
GUI
Printer setup Backup/Recover/Migration wizard
printfilterpipelinesvc.exe
V
svc
Print Filter Pipeline Host
printui.exe
V
CMD
Printer setup/configuration command-line tool
prncnfg.vbs
XV
SCR
Configures printers
prndrvr.vbs
XV
SCR
Installs and lists print drivers
Programs Provided with Windows
B25
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
prnjobs.vbs
XV
SCR
Manages print jobs
prnmngr.vbs
XV
SCR
Manages local and network printer connections
prnport.vbs
XV
SCR
Manages TCP/IP printers
prnqctl.vbs
XV
SCR
Prints test pages, starts and stops printer queue
progman.exe
2X
GUI
Windows 3.1/NT 4–style Program Manager
proquota.exe
2XV
ndu
Profile quota manager for Windows NT4
domains
proxycfg.exe
X
CMD
Sets HTTP proxy server
psxrun.exe
V
UNIX
Subsystem for UNIX-Based Applications session
manager component
psxss.exe
2V
ndu
Interix subsystem component
pubprn.vbs
2XV
SCR
Publishes printers to Active Directory
PurblePlace.exe
V
GUI
Purble Place game
PushPrinterConnections.exe
V
CMD
Sets up network printers from Group Policy
pws.exe
2
GUI
Personal Web Server (IIS) management utility
pwstray.exe
2
GUI
Personal Web Server (IIS) manager (task tray tool)
pxhpinst.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Center Create DVD setup component
pxshare.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Center Create DVD component
pyime.exe
2
CMD
Installs Chinese Input Method Editor
qappsrv.exe
XV
CMD
Displays the available application terminal servers
on the network
qprocess.exe
XV
CMD
Displays information about processes local or
remote
qtest32.exe
2
GUI
IBM Mwave modem diagnostic tool
query.exe
XV
CMD
Displays information about logged-on users, desktop sessions and processes
quser.exe
XV
CMD
Same as “query user;” displays list of
logged-on users
qwinsta.exe
XV
CMD
Displays information about Terminal Sessions
RacAgent.exe
V
ndu
Reliability analysis component
raclient.js
X
ndu
Component of Remote Assistance
racontrol.js
X
ndu
Component of Remote Assistance
rasadmin.exe
2
GUI
Remote Access Services (RAS) status/management utility
rasautou.exe
2XV
CMD
Creates a RAS connection
rasdial.exe
2XV
CMD
Starts and ends dial-up networking connections
raserver.exe
V
ndu
Remote Assistance component
raserver.js
X
ndu
Component of Remote Assistance
rasphone.exe
2XV
GUI
Pop-up dial-up networking manager
rcimlby.exe
X
GUI
Remote Assistance
rcp.exe
2X
CMD
Copies files to another computer (UNIX)
(continues)
B26
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
rdpclip.exe
V
ndu
Remote Desktop component, transfers clipboard
to/from remote user
rdrleakdiag.exe
V
GUI
Windows Resource Leak Diagnostic
rdsaddin.exe
X
ndu
Remote Desktop component
rdshost.exe
X
ndu
Remote Desktop component
recdisc.exe
V
ndu
Recovery disc creation tool
recover.exe
2XV
CMD
Extracts data from a damaged disk
redir.exe
2XV
DOS
Networking redirector, loaded in AUTOEXEC.NT
reg.exe
V
CMD
Registry edit command line tool
regasm.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET Framework registry assembly registration utility; makes .NET classes available as standard
COM classes (source: .NET Framework)
regedit.exe
2XV
GUI
Edits Registry
regedt32.exe
2XV
GUI
Registry editor, old version
regini.exe
V
CMD
Registry edit command-line tool
register.exe
X
ndu
Used on Windows server only; terminal server
management tool
registermceapp.exe
XV
CMD
Registers Media Center plug-in
regsvc.exe
2
svc
Remote Registry service
regsvcs.exe
2XV
CMD
Adds .NET assemblies to COM+ 1.0 applications (source: .NET Framework)
regsvr32.exe
2XV
CMD
Registers .DLL file as a COM component
regtlib.exe
2
CMD
Registers COM component type libraries (source:
Windows Update)
regtrace.exe
2X
GUI
System debugging tool
regwiz.exe
2X
ndu
Registration Wizard
rekeywiz.exe
V
GUI
Encrypting File System certificate management
wizard
relog.exe
XV
CMD
Changes format or rate for performance log files
RelPost.exe
V
ndu
Diagnosis and Recovery component
replace.exe
2XV
CMD
Replaces files
reset.exe
XV
CMD
Deletes a Terminal Services session
rexec.exe
2X
CMD
UNIX remote execute
rm.exe
V
UNIX
Deletes files
RMActivate.exe
V
ndu
Windows Rights Management component
RMActivate_isv.exe
V
ndu
Windows Rights Management component
RMActivate_ssp.exe
V
ndu
Windows Rights Management component
RMActivate_ssp_isv.exe
V
ndu
Windows Rights Management component
RmClient.exe
V
ndu
Restart Manager LUA Restart Client
rmdir.exe
V
UNIX
Deletes directories (folders)
Robocopy.exe
V
CMD
Copies files and folders—useful as a backup tool
route.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays or edits the current routing tables
Programs Provided with Windows
Type
B27
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Description
routemon.exe
2X
CMD
Obsolete, use netsh
rpcinfo.exe
V
CMD
Services for NFS ONCRPC registration admin
utility
RpcPing.exe
V
CMD
Remote Procedure Call (RPC) diagnostic tool
rrinstaller.exe
V
GUI
R&R installer
rsh.exe
2X
CMD
Remote shell (UNIX)
rsm.exe
2XV
CMD
Removable Storage media pool management tool
rsmmllsv.exe
V
ndu
Removable Storage Manager component
rsmsink.exe
XV
ndu
Removable Storage Manager component
rsmui.exe
XV
ndu
Removable Storage Manager component
rsnotify.exe
2X
ndu
Removable Storage Manager component
rsop.js
X
ndu
Component of help center system info display
rsopprov.exe
X
ndu
Resultant Set of Policy provider component
RSSFeeds.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
rstrui.exe
XV
GUI
System Restore
rsvp.exe
2X
svc
QoS RSVP—provides network signaling and local
traffic control setup functionality for QoS-aware
programs and control applets
rtcshare.exe
X
GUI
NetMeeting Desktop Sharing
runas.exe
2XV
CMD
Runs program with another user’s credentials
rundll32.exe
2XV
CMD
Launches a 32-bit DLL program
RunLegacyCPLElevated.exe
V
ndu
Runs legacy control panel with elevated permissions
runonce.exe
2XV
CMD
Causes a program to run during startup
rvsezm.exe
X
GUI
Internet reversi game
rwinsta.exe
XV
CMD
Resets the session subsystem hardware and software to known initial values
sapisvr.exe
XV
ndu
Speech API component
savedump.exe
2X
CMD
Saves system dump upon reboot after BSOD
sbeserver.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Center Create DVD component
sbunattend.exe
V
ndu
Windows Sidebar setup component
sc.exe
XV
CMD
Service management tool
scanreg.exe
2X
CMD
Searches Windows Registry for specified keys or
values (source: Win2000 reskit)
scardsvr.exe
2X
svc
Smart Card Helper
schtasks.exe
XV
CMD
Displays and manages scheduled tasks
sconnect.js
X
ndu
Component of “out-of-box” experience; initial
setup wizard
scrcons.exe
2XV
ndu
Scripting system component
scripts.js
X
ndu
Component of Windows tour
scrolling.js
X
ndu
Media Center Edition help component
sctasks.exe
X
CMD
Installed as schtasks.exe
(continues)
B28
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
sdbinst.exe
XV
CMD
Application compatibility database installer
sdchange.exe
V
GUI
Windows Remote Assistance SD Server
sdclt.exe
V
GUI
Microsoft Windows Backup
SearchFilterHost.exe
V
CMD
Windows Search Filter Host
SearchIndexer.exe
V
svc
Windows Search service
SearchProtocolHost.exe
V
CMD
Windows Search Protocol Host
secedit.exe
2XV
GUI
Manages and analyzes system security policies
secinit.exe
V
GUI
Security Init
sed.exe
V
UNIX
Stream editor, executes ed commands on standard input
service.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
ServiceModelReg.exe
V
CMD
Registers Windows Communication Foundation
with IIS
services.exe
2XV
svc
Windows Service manager, also provides event
log and Plug and Play services
sessmgr.exe
X
svc
Remote Desktop Help Session Manager—manages and controls Remote Assistance. If this service is stopped, Remote Assistance will be
unavailable. Before stopping this service, see the
Dependencies tab of the Properties dialog box.
setdebug.exe
2
GUI
Enables and disables ActiveX debugging for Java
(source: Windows Update)
sethc.exe
2XV
CMD
Sets high contrast display
setreg.exe
2
CMD
Displays or modifies Registry settings pertaining to
certificate trust and validation behavior
setregni.exe
X
ndu
.NET Framework software update component
settings.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
Setup.exe
V
GUI
Windows installation and setup
setup50.exe
2X
ndu
Outlook Express component
setupcl.exe
V
ndu
Creates new system security ID (SID) when a
cloned (sysprepped) system is first started
setupn.exe
X
ndu
Windows setup/update component
setupSNK.exe
V
ndu
Autoboot program for key disks created by
Wireless Network Setup Wizard
setupugc.exe
V
ndu
Tool used by Windows installer
setup_wm.exe
XV
GUI
Windows Media Player updating tool
setver.exe
2XV
DOS
Lies about MS-DOS version to old applications
setx.exe
V
CMD
Sets current or default environment variables
(batch file tool)
sfc.exe
2XV
CMD
Verifies system file integrity
shadow.exe
XV
CMD
Monitors or controls a Terminal Services session
ShapeCollector.exe
V
GUI
Handwriting Recognition Personalization control
panel
share.exe
2XV
DOS
Does nothing on Windows XP
Programs Provided with Windows
B29
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
shelexec.exe
X
GUI
Works like the internal command “start”; open
the file named on the command line in the associated application (source: support\tools\act20)
shmgrate.exe
2X
CMD
Used during upgrade install from Windows NT 4
showmount.exe
V
CMD
Services for NFS mount information utility
shrpubw.exe
2XV
GUI
Create and Share Folders Wizard
shtml.exe
2X
ndu
Front Page Extensions component—server-side
include processor
shutdown.exe
V
CMD
Shuts down, hibernates, or restarts local or remote
computer
shvlzm.exe
X
GUI
Internet spades game
sidebar.exe
V
GUI
Windows Sidebar
sigverif.exe
2XV
GUI
Signature verifier for system files
skeys.exe
2X
ndu
SerialKey (accessibility input device) manager
slideShow.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
SLLUA.exe
V
ndu
Software Licensing Admin Access Provider COM
object
slmgr.vbs
V
SCR
Activates, displays or changes Windows license
information
slrundll.exe
X
ndu
Component used by Smart Link modem drivers or
installers
slserv.exe
X
drv
Smart Link winmodem device driver
SLsvc.exe
V
svc
Microsoft Software Licensing Service
SLUI.exe
V
GUI
Windows Activation program
smartnav.js
2X
ndu
Script component used by web-based .NET applications (source: .NET Framework)
smartnavie5.js
X
ndu
Script component used by web-based .NET applications (source: .NET Framework)
smbinst.exe
X
CMD
Installs or uninstalls System Management BIOS driver (WMI interface to the system BIOS)
SMConfigInstaller.exe
V
CMD
Windows Communication Foundation setup program, registers .SVC extension with IIS
smi2smir.exe
XV
CMD
SNMP MIB compiler
smlogsvc.exe
2X
svc
Performance Logs and Alerts service
smss.exe
2XV
ndu
Session Manager Subsystem
SMSvcHost.exe
V
ndu
Windows Communication Foundation component
smtp_regtrace.exe
2
GUI
Enables diagnostic tracing for the IIS SMTP service
snchk.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Center component
sndrec32.exe
2X
GUI
Sound Recorder
SndVol.exe
V
GUI
Volume Control applet
sndvol32.exe
2X
GUI
Volume control
SnippingTool.exe
V
GUI
Snipping tool
(continues)
B30
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
snmp.exe
2XV
svc
Simple Network Monitoring Protocol Agent service
snmptrap.exe
2XV
svc
SNMP Trap Service—receives trap messages generated by local or remote SNMP agents and forwards the messages to SNMP management
programs running on this computer
sol.exe
2X
GUI
Solitaire game
Solitaire.exe
V
GUI
Solitaire game
sonicmmburnengine.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Center Create DVD component
sort.exe
2XV
CMD
Sorts text files alphabetically (filter)
SoundRecorder.exe
V
GUI
Sound Recorder
sp4iis.exe
2
ndu
IIS updater, part of Service Pack 4 installer
spdwnw2k.exe
2
ndu
Service Pack installation component
spdwnwxp.exe
X
ndu
Service Pack installer component
SpiderSolitaire.exe
V
GUI
Spider solitaire game
spiisupd.exe
2X
ndu
IIS component
spnpinst.exe
X
ndu
Windows Peer-to-Peer service installer; likely used
by SP2 installation process (source: Windows XP
Service Pack 2 or download)
spoolsv.exe
2XV
svc
Print Spooler—loads files to memory for later printing
sprecovr.exe
X
ndu
Part of Service Pack setup; used to automatically
clean up after a failed partial install
sprestrt.exe
2X
ndu
Used during install upon failure and reboot
spreview.exe
V
GUI
Displays Finished message after installing Vista
SP1
sptsupd.exe
2
ndu
Service pack installation component; updates
Terminal Services
spuninst.exe
X
ndu
Used to uninstall software updates/hotfixes/service packs
spupdsvc.exe
2X
ndu
Software update installer service; handles postreboot update tasks
spupdw2k.exe
2
ndu
Service Pack installation component
spupdwxp.exe
X
ndu
Windows XP Service Pack installer component
srdelayed.exe
V
ndu
Windows boot component, renames system files
that were replaced before restart
srdiag.exe
X
CMD
Extracts debug info on System Restore
startftp.vbs
2X
SCR
Starts FTP server
startsrv.vbs
2X
SCR
Starts IIS server
startweb.vbs
2X
SCR
Starts web server
StikyNot.exe
V
GUI
Sticky Notes
stimon.exe
2X
ndu
Windows Still Image Monitor
stisvc.exe
2
svc
Still Image (scanning) service component
stocks.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
Programs Provided with Windows
B31
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
stopftp.vbs
2X
SCR
Stops FTP server
stopsrv.vbs
2X
SCR
Stops IIS server
stopweb.vbs
2X
SCR
Stops web server
stub_fpsrvadm.exe
X
ndu
Stub (nonfunctional) version of FrontPage Server
Extensions administrator
stub_fpsrvwin.exe
X
ndu
Stub (nonfunctional) version of FrontPage Server
Extensions
suagc.exe
V
ndu
Services for UNIX-Based Applications component
subst.exe
2XV
DOS
Maps a drive letter to a local folder
svchost.exe
2XV
svc
Runs system service(s) contained in .DLL files,
used to most Windows services
sxstrace.exe
V
CMD
Side-By-Side (SXS) debugging tool
syncapp.exe
2X
ndu
Creates Windows Briefcase
synciwam.vbs
2X
SCR
Repairs COM+ authentication for applications
running under IWAM account
syscomponentinfo.js
X
ndu
Component of help center system info display
sysedit.exe
2XV
GUI
Editor for system files
syshealthinfo.js
X
ndu
Component of help center system info display
sysinfo.exe
X
CMD
Installed as systeminfo.exe; see that entry)
syskey.exe
2XV
CMD
Encrypts and secures system database
sysocmgr.exe
2X
ndu
Part of Windows setup
sysprep.exe
V
GUI
Prepares configured system for deployment by
disk duplication
syssoftwareinfo.js
X
ndu
Component of help center system info display
systeminfo.exe
XV
CMD
Displays a system hardware and software summary
SystemPropertiesAdvanced.exe
V
GUI
Displays System Properties Advanced tab
SystemPropertiesComputerName.exe V
GUI
Displays System Properties Computer Name tab
SystemPropertiesData
ExecutionPrevention.exe
V
GUI
Displays System Properties Performance Options
Data Execution Prevention dialog
SystemPropertiesHardware.exe
V
GUI
Displays System Properties Hardware tab
SystemPropertiesPerformance.exe
V
GUI
Displays System Properties Performance Options
dialog
SystemPropertiesProtection.exe
V
GUI
Displays System Properties System Protection tab
SystemPropertiesRemote.exe
V
GUI
Displays System Properties Remote tab
systray.exe
2XV
GUI
Manages the taskbar and system tray
tabcal.exe
XV
GUI
Digitizer calibration tool
TabTip.exe
V
GUI
Tablet PC Input Panel accessory
tail.exe
V
UNIX
Displays last few lines of a file
takeown.exe
V
CMD
Changes ownership of a file
TapiUnattend.exe
V
ndu
Telephony setup component
taskeng.exe
V
ndu
Task Scheduler service
taskkill.exe
XV
CMD
Terminates a process
(continues)
B32
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
tasklist.exe
XV
CMD
Lists active processes
taskman.exe
2X
ndu
Task Manager (activated by Ctrl+Alt+Del)
taskmgr.exe
2XV
GUI
Starts the Task Manager (same as Ctrl+Alt+Del)
taskswitch.exe
X
GUI
Alt+Tab replacement powerToy (source:
PowerToys for XP download)
tcmsetup.exe
2XV
GUI
Manages the TAPI Telephony client
tcpsvcs.exe
2XV
svc
Simple TCP/IP Services and TCP printing Services
service
tcptest.exe
2X
GUI
TCP/IP network tester for diagnosing IIS problems
tee.exe
V
UNIX
Passes standard input to standard output and also
saves it in a file
telnet.exe
2XV
CMD
Establishes a command-line session on another
computer
tftp.exe
2XV
CMD
Trivial file transfer protocol
themes.exe
2
GUI
Desktop theme configuration and selection tool
timeout.exe
V
CMD
Pauses batch file for specified time
timershot.exe
X
GUI
Webcam timer powerToy (source: PowerToys for
XP download)
timeZones.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
tintlphr.exe
2X
ndu
Chinese Input Method editor component (source:
Windows Update)
tintsetp.exe
2X
ndu
Chinese Input Method editor component (source:
Windows Update)
tlntadmn.exe
2XV
CMD
Telnet Server Administrator
tlntsess.exe
2XV
CMD
Displays the current Telnet sessions
tlntsvr.exe
2XV
svc
Telnet Server service
tlocmgr.exe
2X
GUI
Telephony Location Manager, provides task-tray
icon to pop-up Dialing properties and activate
Phone Dialler (source: Win2000 reskit)
togac.exe
X
ndu
Unknown; appears to be involved in managing
the .NET Framework Global Assembly Cache
touch.exe
V
UNIX
Updates timestamp on a file
TouchTraining.exe
V
GUI
Tablet PC Touch Training
tour.exe
X
GUI
Windows XP Tour (actually a copy of
Macromedia Flash Player)
tour.js
X
ndu
Component of Windows tour
tourstart.exe
X
GUI
Runs the Windows Experience Tour
tourstrt.exe
X
ndu
Installed as tourstart.exe, see previous entry
tourw.exe
X
GUI
Installed as tour.exe, see that entry
tp4mon.exe
X
ndu
PS/2 Trackpoint device manager
TpmInit.exe
V
GUI
Trusted Platform Module (TPM) Initialization
Wizard
tracerpt.exe
XV
CMD
Gathers or summarizes event trace information
tracert.exe
2XV
CMD
Checks TCP/IP connectivity
Programs Provided with Windows
B33
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
tracert6.exe
X
CMD
IPv6 Trace Route
tree.com
2XV
CMD
Displays directory structure
TrustedInstaller.exe
V
svc
Windows Installer service
tscon.exe
XV
CMD
Connects to Terminal Services session
tscupgrd.exe
XV
ndu
Terminal Services Client upgrade program
tsdiscon.exe
XV
CMD
Disconnects Windows/Terminal Services session
tskill.exe
XV
CMD
Terminates a process in a services session
tsprof.exe
X
ndu
Used on Windows Server only, Terminal Server
management tool
tssetup.exe
V
ndu
Terminal Server Setup component
tsshutdn.exe
X
CMD
Shuts down or restarts a Terminal Services server
TSTheme.exe
V
ndu
Manages display theme used during Remote
Desktop sessions
tswpfwrp.exe
V
CMD
Terminal Server (remote desktop) WPF wrapper
component
tweakui.exe
X
GUI
TweakUI PowerToy for Windows XP download)
twunk_16.exe
2XV
ndu
Twain 16-bit drivers
twunk_32.exe
2XV
ndu
Twain 32-bit drivers
typeperf.exe
V
CMD
Extracts performance monitor data
tzchange.exe
X
CMD
Modifies time zone/daylight saving time data
tzupd.exe
V
CMD
Time zone/daylight saving time database update
utility
ucsvc.exe
V
ndu
Boot File Servicing component
UI0Detect.exe
V
svc
Interactive services detection and notification service
umount.exe
V
CMD
Unmounts NFS exports/share
uname.exe
V
UNIX
Displays system information
unattendedjoin.exe
V
ndu
Network setup component
undocked.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
uninst.exe
2X
GUI
Generic uninstaller (source: various)
uniq.exe
V
UNIX
Displays only unique input lines
unlodctr.exe
2XV
CMD
Removes performance counter definitions
unregmp2.exe
2XV
ndu
Modifies Registry during update of Windows
Media Player
unsecapp.exe
2XV
ndu
Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
component
unvise32.exe
2X
GUI
Generic uninstaller (source: various)
update.exe
X
ndu
Installs Windows or Service Pack updates
updcrl.exe
2
ndu
Root certificate revocation list updater (source:
Windows Update)
uploadm.exe
X
ndu
Upload manager for application and system
crash info
upnpcont.exe
XV
ndu
Universal Plug-and-Play (UPNP) ActiveX container
(continues)
B34
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
ups.exe
2X
svc
Uninterruptible power supply—manages an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) connected to the
computer
upwizun.exe
2
ndu
Update wizard file unpacking utility
user.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows API (fundamental component of
Windows)
userinit.exe
2XV
ndu
Logon processor: runs scripts, makes network connections, starts shell
usrlogon.cmd
X
CMD
Terminal Services logon script (not actually used)
usrmlnka.exe
X
ndu
U.S. Robotics Modem driver component
usrprbda.exe
X
ndu
U.S. Robotics Modem driver component
usrshuta.exe
X
ndu
U.S. Robotics Modem driver component
util.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
utilman.exe
2XV
GUI
Utility Manager—Designates which accessibility
aids to use
uwdf.exe
X
ndu
User Mode Driver framework (Media Player component)
vbc.exe
2XV
CMD
.NET Visual Basic command-line compiler (source:
.NET Framework)
vcmd.exe
2
ndu
Microsoft Voice COM server
vds.exe
V
svc
Virtual (Dynamic) Disk Service
vdsldr.exe
V
ndu
Virtual Disk Service Loader
verclsid.exe
V
ndu
Extension CLSID Verification Host
verifier.exe
2XV
GUI
Driver Verifier Manager
vi.exe
V
UNIX
Text editor
VideoCameraAutoPlayManager.exe
V
ndu
Video camera plug-and-play component
vsp1ceip.exe
V
CMD
Vista SP1 Customer Experience tracking utility
vssadmin.exe
XV
CMD
Displays shadow copy backups and providers
vssvc.exe
XV
svc
Volume Shadow Copy Service
vwipxspx.exe
2X
DOS
NetWare protocol stack, loaded in
AUTOEXEC.NT
w2kexcp.exe
2
ndu
Internet Explorer update installer component
(source: Windows Update)
w32tm.exe
2XV
CMD
Manages Windows Time service
w3wp.exe
V
CMD
IIS worker process
wab.exe
2XV
GUI
Address Book editor
wabmig.exe
2XV
ndu
Outlook Express component
waitfor.exe
V
CMD
Waits for or sends a named signal over a network (batch file utility)
wangimg.exe
2
GUI
Imaging for Windows (scanner application)
wb32.exe
2X
GUI
NetMeeting Whiteboard application
wbadmin.exe
V
CMD
Windows Backup command line interface
wbemperm.exe
2
GUI
WBEM permission editor
Programs Provided with Windows
B35
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Type
Description
wbemtest.exe
2XV
GUI
Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
tester
wbengine.exe
V
svc
Block Level Backup (Previous Versions, System
Restore) service
wc.exe
V
UNIX
Counts words, lines, and characters in input
wdfmgr.exe
X
SRV
User Mode Driver Framework manager service
weather.js
V
ndu
Sidebar gadget component
webuivalidation.js
2X
ndu
Component of ASP.NET client-side validation control (source: .NET Framework)
wecutil.exe
V
CMD
Manages linkage between Windows event log
and event sources
welcome.exe
2
GUI
Getting Started with Windows welcome wizard
wercon.exe
V
GUI
Problem Reports and Solutions control panel
WerFault.exe
V
ndu
Windows Problem Reporting component, assists
in logging software crashes
WerFaultSecure.exe
V
ndu
See previous
wermgr.exe
V
ndu
See previous
wevtutil.exe
V
CMD
Extracts log data and manages event logs
wextract.exe
2XV
ndu
CAB auto-extractor used by iexpress.exe
WFS.exe
V
GUI
Windows Fax and Scan application
wgatray.exe
X
ndu
Windows Genuine Advantage notification component
where.exe
V
CMD
Searches for files by name
whoami.exe
V
CMD
Displays information on logged-on user
wiaacmgr.exe
XV
GUI
Scanner and Camera Wizard
win.com
2XV
ndu
Provided so that applications that expect to find
or run Windows via win.com will work
WinCal.exe
V
GUI
Windows Calendar application
winchat.exe
2X
GUI
Windows Chat
WinCollab.exe
V
GUI
Windows Meeting Space application
windeploy.exe
V
ndu
Windows setup component
WindowsMailGadget.exe
V
GUI
Windows Mail SideShow gadget
WindowsPhotoGallery.exe
V
GUI
Windows Photo Gallery application
WinFXDocObj.exe
XV
ndu
WinFX Graphics manager component
winhelp.exe
2XV
GUI
Windows Help (.HLP file) viewer
winhlp32.exe
2XV
GUI
Windows Help application
winhstb.exe
2X
ndu
Windows Help component
wininit.exe
V
ndu
Windows logon component
winload.exe
V
ndu
Windows boot component
winlogon.exe
2XV
ndu
Logon manager
WinMail.exe
V
GUI
Windows Mail application
winmgmt.exe
2XV
svc
Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)
service
(continues)
B36
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
winmine.exe
2X
GUI
Minesweeper game
winmsd.exe
2X
GUI
Windows Diagnostic utility; displays system information
winrep.exe
2
GUI
Windows Report Tool; prompts for bug reporting
information and creates a .CAB file of the entered
text and important sytem config files
winresume.exe
V
ndu
Restores memory from hard disk after hibernation
winrm.cmd
V
SCR
Runs winrm.vbs
winrm.vbs
V
SCR
Remote management tool with extensive capabilities
winrs.exe
V
CMD
Windows Remote Shell management tool
winrshost.exe
V
ndu
Windows Remote Shell management service
process
WinSAT.exe
V
CMD
Windows System Assessment
winspool.exe
2XV
ndu
Print spooler system
winver.exe
2XV
GUI
Displays the current version of Windows
wisptis.exe
V
ndu
Tablet PC Input component
wjview.exe
2
CMD
Command-line loader for Java
wlanext.exe
V
ndu
Windows Wireless LAN 802.11 Extensibility
Framework component
wlrmdr.exe
V
GUI
Balloon reminder service
wmccds.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Connect setup component
wmccfg.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Connect setup component
wmdbexport.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Player component
wmdSync.exe
V
ndu
Windows Mobile device sync component
wmfdist95.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Player setup component
WMIADAP.exe
V
CMD
Updates performance counter object data
WmiApSrv.exe
V
svc
Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)
adapter service
WMIC.exe
V
CMD
Queries WMI from the command line
WmiPrvSE.exe
V
ndu
WMI service component
wmi_data.js
X
ndu
Component of help center system info display
wmiadap.exe
X
ndu
WMI component, autodiscovery/autopurge
process
wmiapsrv.exe
X
svc
WMI Performance Adapter—provides performance library information from WMI HiPerf
providers
wmic.exe
X
CMD
Queries and manages Windows XP via
Windows Management Instrumentation
wmiprvse.exe
X
ndu
WMI component, provider host process
wmlaunch.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Player launcher
wmpconfig.exe
V
ndu
Windows Media Player component, performs
actions requiring UAC confirmation
wmpenc.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Player encoder component
Programs Provided with Windows
Filename
OS
wmplayer.exe
wmploc.js
B37
Appendix B
Type
Description
XV
GUI
Windows Media Player
X
ndu
Component of Windows tour
wmpnetwk.exe
XV
svc
Windows Media Player Network Sharing service
wmpnscfg.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Player Network Sharing Service
balloon notification task
wmpocm.exe
2
ndu
Installs or removes Windows Media Player icons
and Start menu entries (ocm stands for “optional
component manager”)
wmprph.exe
V
ndu
Windows Media Player Rich Preview Handler
wmpshare.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Media Player Folder Sharing component
WMPSideShowGadget.exe
V
GUI
Media Player gadget for SideShow
wmpstub.exe
X
ndu
Component of Windows Media Player
wmsetsdk.exe
X
ndu
Windows Media Player update download component
WMSvc.exe
V
svc
IIS Manager Service
wordpad.exe
2XV
GUI
Wordpad accessory
wowdeb.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows 3.1 environment component; debugging API
wowexec.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows 3.1 emulation environment
wpabaln.exe
X
GUI
Windows Product Activation balloon reminder
wpcer.exe
V
ndu
Parental control component
wpcumi.exe
V
ndu
Parental control component
WPDShextAutoplay.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Portable Device Shell Extension
Autoplay Handler
wpnpinst.exe
2XV
ndu
Support for Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) printing
(source: \add-ons\ipp)
wrapperparam.js
X
ndu
Component of help center
write.exe
2XV
GUI
Launches WordPad (supplied for compatibility
with older versions of Windows)
WsatConfig.exe
V
CMD
Windows Communication Foundation transaction
manager configuration tool
wscntfy.exe
X
ndu
Pop-up those “you are at risk” warnings on the
task tray; run by the security center service
(source: Windows XP SP2)
wscript.exe
2XV
GUI
Windows Script Host—windowed version
WSManHTTPConfig.exe
V
ndu
Web services setup component
wsqmcons.exe
V
GUI
Customer Experience Improvement data transfer
program
wuapp.exe
V
GUI
Windows Update application
wuauclt.exe
2XV
ndu
Windows Update automatic check/download
task
wuauclt1.exe
X
ndu
Windows Update Automatic Update component
WUDFHost.exe
XV
ndu
Windows Driver Foundation User-mode Driver
Framework Host Process
(continues)
B38
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Type
Description
wupdmgr.exe
wusa.exe
2X
GUI
Windows Update (launches Internet Explorer)
V
CMD
Installs Windows Update packages manually
WUSetupV.exe
V
ndu
Windows Update component
wzcsetup.exe
2
ndu
Installs Wireless Zero Configuration service, part
of Service Pack 4 installer
XamlViewer_v0300.exe
V
ndu
XAML display component
xcopy.exe
2XV
CMD
Copies multiple files
xpnetdiag.exe
X
GUI
Network Diagnostic tool for XP (source: Windows
Update)
xpsp1hfm.exe
X
ndu
Part of Service Pack installer, determines which SP
components are necessary
XPSViewer.exe
V
ndu
XPS Viewer (IE plug-in)
zclientm.exe
X
ndu
Internet games component
Built-In Commands
Built-in commands are handled directly by the command-line interpreter cmd.exe There is no corresponding executable file. Many of these commands are also recognized by the old MS-DOS
command line interpreter command.com, which is provided with all 32-bit versions of Windows for
compatibility. Most of the commands have enhanced functionality in cmd.exe.
Command
OS
Description
assoc
2XV
Associates filename extensions with file type
call
2XV
Calls a batch file subroutine
cd
2XV
Changes current working directory; same as chdir
chdir
2XV
Changes current working directory; same as cd
color
2XV
Changes command prompt window color
del
2XV
Deletes files; same as delete and erase
delete
2XV
Deletes files; same as del and erase
dir
2XV
Displays file directory
echo
2XV
Displays text
endlocal
2XV
Restores environment variables
erase
2XV
Deletes files; same as del and delete
exit
2XV
Ends program or subroutine, or terminates command-line interpreter
for
2XV
Repeats command
ftype
2XV
Associates file types to applications
goto
2XV
Performs “go to label” in a batch file
if
2XV
Executes command conditionally
lh
2XV
Loads an MS-DOS TSR program into high memory; same as loadhigh
loadhigh
2XV
Loads an MS-DOS TSR program into high memory; same as lh
md
2XV
Create directory; same as mkdir
mkdir
2XV
Create directory; same as md
Control Panel Applets
Command
OS
Description
move
2XV
Moves files or folders
path
2XV
Sets command search path
pause
2XV
Stops batch file for user interaction
popd
2XV
Restores current directory
prompt
2XV
Sets command-line prompt
pushd
2XV
Saves current directory
rd
2XV
Removes directory; same as rmdir
rem
2XV
Denotes remark or comment text
rename
2XV
Renames files or folders
rmdir
2XV
Removes directory, same as rd
set
2XV
Sets environment variables
setlocal
2XV
Saves current environment
shift
2XV
Deletes and moves command-line arguments
start
2XV
Runs a command or opens a document in a new window
time
2XV
Displays and sets time of day
title
2XV
Sets window title
type
2XV
Copies text file to console window
verify
2XV
Controls automatic verify-after-write
Appendix B
B39
Control Panel Applets
Control Panel applets are run by the Control Panel program control.exe. You can also run them
by typing the full name of the .cpl file at the command prompt, in the Run dialog or on Vista,
in the Start menu’s search box.
Filename
OS
Description
access.cpl
2X
Accessibility Options
appwiz.cpl
2XV
Add/Remove Programs
bthprops.cpl
XV
Bluetooth Properties (source: Windows XP SP2)
collab.cpl
V
People Near Me
cttune.cpl
X
ClearType Tuning (source: PowerToys for XP download)
desk.cpl
2XV
Display Properties
fax.cpl
2
Fax Properties
firewall.cpl
XV
Windows Firewall (source: Windows XP SP2)
hdwwiz.cpl
2XV
Add Hardware Wizard
inetcpl.cpl
2XV
Internet Properties
infocardcpl.cpl
V
Windows CardSpace
intl.cpl
2XV
Regional and Language Options
irprops.cpl
2XV
Wireless Link (IRDA infrared)
joy.cpl
2XV
Game Controllers
main.cpl
2XV
Mouse, Keyboard, PC Card Properties
(continues)
B40
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Description
mmsys.cpl
2XV
Sounds and Audio Devices
msmq.cpl
2
Microsoft Message Queuing Service
mwcpa32.cpl
2
IBM Thinkpad modem configuration
ncpa.cpl
2XV
Network Connections
netsetup.cpl
X
Network Setup Wizard
nusrmgr.cpl
X
User Accounts
nwc.cpl
2X
Client Services for NetWare
odbccp32.cpl
2X
ODBC Data Source Administrator
powercfg.cpl
2XV
Power Options
sapi.cpl
XV
Speech Properties
sticpl.cpl
2
Scanners and Cameras
sysdm.cpl
2XV
System Properties
TabletPC.cpl
V
Tablet PC
telephon.cpl
2XV
Phone and Modem Options
timedate.cpl
2XV
Date and Time Properties
tweakui.cpl
2
Tweak UI (source: PowerToys for Windows NT download)
wmdConn.cpl
V
Windows Mobile Device Center
wscui.cpl
XV
Security Center
wuaucpl.cpl
2X
Automatic Updates
MMC Management Snap-Ins
MMC Snap-ins are run by the Microsoft Management Control program mmc.exe. They can be
started by name at the command line, Run dialog, or on Vista, the search box.
Filename
OS
Description
azman.msc
V
Authorization Manager
certmgr.msc
2XV
Certificate Manager
ciadv.msc
2X
Indexing Service Management
comexp.msc
2XV
Component Services (COM/DCOM/COM+) Configuration
compmgmt.msc
2XV
Computer Management
devmgmt.msc
2XV
Device Manager
dfrg.msc
2X
Disk Defragmenter
diskmgmt.msc
2XV
Disk Management
eventvwr.msc
2XV
Event Viewer
faxserv.msc
2
Fax Management
fpmmc.msc
2X
Server Extensions Administrator
fsmgmt.msc
2XV
Shared Folders
gpedit.msc
2XV
Group Policy Object Editor (also seen as Local Security Policy Editor)
ias.msc
2
Internet Authentication Service
iis.msc
2XV
Internet Information Services Administration
Screensavers
B41
Appendix B
Filename
OS
Description
iis6.msc
V
IIS administration, IIS6 compatibility version
lusrmgr.msc
2XV
Local Users and Groups
mscorcfg.msc
2X
.NET Framework Configuration; manages and installs NET applications,
configures .NET security policy (source: .NET Framework)
msinfo32.msc
2
System Information
NAPCLCFG.MSC
V
Network Access Protection Client Configuration
nfsmgmt.msc
V
NFS Management
ntmsmgr.msc
2X
Removable Storage Management
ntmsoprq.msc
2X
Removable Storage Operator Requests
perfmon.msc
2XV
Performance panel: System Monitor and Performance Logs and Alerts
printmanagement.msc
V
Print Management
rsop.msc
XV
Resultant Set of Policy
secpol.msc
2XV
Local Security Policy
services.msc
2XV
Services
taskschd.msc
V
Task Scheduler
tpm.msc
V
Trusted Platform Module Management
WF.msc
V
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security
wmimgmt.msc
2XV
WMI Configuration
Screensavers
Screensavers are run by Windows when the system has been idle for a designated time, or from
the Display Properties Control Panel when selecting and configuring a screensaver.
Filename
OS
Description
Aurora.scr
V
Aurora
Bubbles.scr
V
Bubbles
channel screen saver.scr
2
Channel
logon.scr
2XV
Windows (also called Windows Logo)
mypixdx.scr
X
My Pictures Slideshow (Media Center version)
Mystify.msc
V
Mystify
nature.scr
X
Nature theme
PhotoScreensaver.scr
V
Photos
Ribbons.scr
V
Ribbons
scrnsave.scr
2XV
Blank screen
space.scr
X
Space theme
ss3dfo.scr
2X
3D Flying Objects
ssbezier.scr
2X
Beziers
ssBranded.scr
V
Windows Energy
ssflwbox.scr
2X
3D Flower Box
ssmarque.scr
2X
Marquee
(continues)
B42
Appendix B
Windows Command Reference
Filename
OS
Description
ssmaze.scr
2
3D Maze
ssmypics.scr
X
My Pictures Slideshow
ssmyst.scr
2X
Mystify
sspipes.scr
2X
3D Pipes
ssstars.scr
2X
Starfield
sstext3d.scr
2XV
3D Text
windows xp media center
edition screen saver.scr
X
XP Media Center Edition screen saver
wpgldfsh.scr
X
Goldfish
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