Bird 4421 Thruline RF Power Meter

THRULINE® RF POWER METER MODEL 4421
AND
®
THRULINE DIRECTIONAL
RF POWER SENSORS
4020 SERIES, 4027A SERIES,
4027F SERIES, AND 4028 SERIES
Operation Manual
©Copyright 2015 by Bird Electronic Corporation
Instruction Book Part Number 920-4421 Rev W
Thruline® is a Registered Trademark
of Bird Electronic Corporation
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Safety Precautions
The following are general safety precautions that are not necessarily related to any specific part or procedure, and do
not necessarily appear elsewhere in this publication. These precautions must be thoroughly understood and apply to
all phases of operation and maintenance.
WARNING
Keep Away From Live Circuits
Operating Personnel must at all times observe general safety precautions. Do not
replace components or make adjustments to the inside of the test equipment with the
high voltage supply turned on. To avoid casualties, always remove power.
WARNING
Shock Hazard
Do not attempt to remove the RF transmission line while RF power is present.
WARNING
Do Not Service Or Adjust Alone
Under no circumstances should any person reach into an enclosure for the purpose of
service or adjustment of equipment except in the presence of someone who is capable
of rendering aid.
WARNING
Safety Earth Ground
An uniterruptible earth safety ground must be supplied from the main power source to
test instruments. Grounding one conductor of a two conductor power cable is not
sufficient protection. Serious injury or death can occur if this grounding is not properly
supplied.
WARNING
Chemical Hazard
Dry cleaning solvents for cleaning parts may be potentially dangerous. Avoid inhalation
of fumes or prolonged contact with skin.
WARNING
Resuscitation
Personnel working with or near high voltages should be familiar with modern methods
of resuscitation.
WARNING
Remove Power
Observe general safety precautions. Do not open the instrument with the power on.
Safety Symbols
WARNING
Warning notes call attention to a procedure which, if not correctly performed, could
result in personal injury.
CAUTION
Caution notes call attention to a procedure which, if not correctly performed, could
result in damage to the instrument.
The caution symbol appears on the equipment indicating there is important information in the instruction manual regarding that particular area.
Note: Calls attention to supplemental information.
i
Safety Precautions
Warning Statements
The following safety warnings appear in the text where there is danger to operating and maintenance personnel
and are repeated here for emphasis.
WARNING
Never attempt to connect or disconnect RF equipment from the transmission line while RF
power is being applied. Leaking RF energy is a potential health hazard.
See page 6, 34, and 43.
WARNING
To avoid personal injury, disconnect the power cord from the AC line before
performing any maintenance, including fuse replacement or changing the line voltage
setting.
See page 34, 37, 37, and 43.
WARNING
Use only Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries that have a minimum capacity of 4500
milliamper hours (mAh). Do not install batteries that are not Nickel Metal Hydride. Do
not install NiMH batteries that have less than 4500 mAh capacity. Failure to comply
may result in damage to the batteries, damage to the instrument, and injury to
personnel from battery chemicals.
See page 39 and 40.
WARNING
Heavy load. Do not attempt to lift unaided.
See page 43.
ii
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Caution Statements
The following equipment cautions appear in the text whenever the equipment is in danger of damage and are
repeated here for emphasis.
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
See page 3, 43, 46, 48, and 52.
CAUTION
The Bird 4421 must be powered off when connecting or disconnecting the power
sensor from the power meter.
See page 6 and 43.
CAUTION
Do not use the power sensor with a load VSWR greater then 2:1. Damage to the power
meter, power sensor, or the RF power source could occur.
See page 6.
CAUTION
Long-term storage of this instrument can affect battery performance and reduce
battery life. Do not store the instrument for long periods of time without recharging
the batteries (refer to page 39). Failure to comply may result in reduced battery
charge and shortened battery life.
See page 8
CAUTION
During remote operation, periodically monitor the bus service request line. Failure to
detect a service request could result in equipment damage.
See page 11 and 16.
CAUTION
Due to the complexity of the Bird Power Sensor, field repairs beyond general
maintenance should not be attempted. Removal or disturbance of the power sensor
cover can result in cancellation of lifetime warranty.
See page 34 and 43.
CAUTION
Failure to install the properly rated fuse may result in equipment damage or nuisance
failures.
See page 37.
iii
Safety Precautions
Safety Statements
USAGE
ANY USE OF THIS INSTRUMENT IN A MANNER NOT SPECIFIED BY THE
MANUFACTURER MAY IMPAIR THE INSTRUMENT’S SAFETY PROTECTION.
USO
EL USO DE ESTE INSTRUMENTO DE MANERA NO ESPECIFICADA POR EL
FABRICANTE, PUEDE ANULAR LA PROTECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD DEL
INSTRUMENTO.
BENUTZUNG
WIRD DAS GERÄT AUF ANDERE WEISE VERWENDET ALS VOM HERSTELLER
BESCHRIEBEN, KANN DIE GERÄTESICHERHEIT BEEINTRÄCHTIGT
WERDEN.
UTILISATION
TOUTE UTILISATION DE CET INSTRUMENT QUI N’EST PAS EXPLICITEMENT
PRÉVUE PAR LE FABRICANT PEUT ENDOMMAGER LE DISPOSITIF DE
PROTECTION DE L’INSTRUMENT.
IMPRIEGO
QUALORA QUESTO STRUMENTO VENISSE UTILIZZATO IN MODO DIVERSO
DA COME SPECIFICATO DAL PRODUTTORE LA PROZIONE DI SICUREZZA
POTREBBE VENIRNE COMPROMESSA.
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RF Power Meter Model 4421
SERVICE
SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS ARE FOR USE BY SERVICE-TRAINED
PERSONNEL ONLY. TO AVOID DANGEROUS ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
PERFORM ANY SERVICING UNLESS QUALIFIED TO DO SO.
SERVICIO
LAS INSTRUCCIONES DE SERVICIO SON PARA USO EXCLUSIVO DEL
PERSONAL DE SERVICIO CAPACITADO. PARA EVITAR EL PELIGRO DE
DESCARGAS ELÉCTRICAS, NO REALICE NINGÚN SERVICIO A MENOS QUE
ESTÉ CAPACITADO PARA HACERIO.
WARTUNG
ANWEISUNGEN FÜR DIE WARTUNG DES GERÄTES GELTEN NUR FÜR
GESCHULTES FACHPERSONAL.
ZUR VERMEIDUNG GEFÄHRLICHE, ELEKTRISCHE SCHOCKS, SID
WARTUNGSARBEITEN AUSSCHLIEßLICH VON QUALIFIZIERTEM
SERVICEPERSONAL DURCHZUFÜHREN.
ENTRENTIEN
L’EMPLOI DES INSTRUCTIONS D’ENTRETIEN DOIT ÊTRE RÉSERVÉ AU
PERSONNEL FORMÉ AUX OPÉRATIONS D’ENTRETIEN. POUR PRÉVENIR UN
CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE DANGEREUX, NE PAS EFFECTUER D’ENTRETIEN SI
L’ON N’A PAS ÉTÉ QUALIFIÉ POUR CE FAIRE.
ASSISTENZA TECNICA
LE ISTRUZIONI RELATIVE ALL’ASSISTENZA SONO PREVISTE
ESCLUSIVAMENTE PER IL PERSONALE OPPORTUNAMENTE ADDESTRATO.
PER EVITARE PERICOLOSE SCOSSE ELETTRICHE NON EFFETTUARRE
ALCUNA RIPARAZIONE A MENO CHE QUALIFICATI A FARLA.
v
Safety Precautions
UNITS ARE EQUIPPED WITH RECHAREABLE BATTERIES. THESE ARE TO BE REPLACED BY
AUTHORIZED SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY!!!
LAS UNIDADES VIENEN EQUIPADAS CON BATERIAS RECARGABLES. ¡¡¡Y SOLAMENTE EL
PERSONAL DE SERVICIO AUTORIZADO PUEDE REEMPLAZARLAS!!!
GERÄTE SIND MIT WIEDER AUFLADBAREN BATTERIEN BESTÜCKT. BATTERIEN SIND NUR VON
QUALIFIZIERTEM SERICE PERSONAL AUSZUWECHSELN!!!
CES DISPOSITIFS SONT ÉQUIPÉS DE BATTERIES RECHARGEABLES. SEUL LE PERSONNEL
D’ENTRETIEN AUTORISÉ EST HABILITÉ À LES REMPLACER !
LE UNITÀ SONO DOTATE DI BATTERIE RICARICABILI, CHE DEVONO DA COME SPECIFICATO
DAL PRODUTTORE LA PROTEZIONE DI SICUREZZA POTREBBE VENIRNE COMPROMESSA.
vi
RF Power Meter Model 4421
BE SURE THE 115/230V AC VOLTAGE SELECTOR IS SET TO THE PROPER LINE VOLTAGE, AND
THE CORRECT AC LINE FUSE IS INSTALLED BEFORE AC POWER IS APPLIED.
S’ASSURER QUE LE SÉLECTEUR DE TENSION 115/230V C.A. EST BIEN RÉGLÉ POUR LA
TENSION DU RÉSEAU ET QUE LE FUSIBLE DE LIGNE C.A. CORRECT EST EN PLACE AVANT DE
METTRE SOUS TENSION C.A.
CERCIORESE QUE EL SELECTOR DE VOLTAJE DE 115/230V CA ESTE COLOCADO A LA LINEA
DE VOLTAJE APROPIADA Y QUE EL FUSIBLE ESTE INSTALADO A LA LINEA CA ANTES DE
APLICAR LA CORRIENTE ALTERNA.
VOR EINSCHALTEN DER WECHSELSTROMZUFUHR SICHERSTELLEN, DASS DER 115/230V
WECHSELSPANNUNGS-SELEKTOR AUF DIE VORSCHRIFTSMÄSSIGE LEITUNGSSPANNUNG
EINGESTELLT UND DIE RICHTIGE WECHSELSTROM-HAUPTSICHERUNG EINGESETZT IST.
PRIMA DI EROGARE CORRENTE, ASSICURARSI CHE IL SELETTORE DI VOLTAGGIO 115/230
V.C.A. SIA REGOLATO CORRETTAMENTE E CHE IL FUSIBLE ADATTO ALLA LINEA DI
ALIMENTAZIONE C.A. SIA INSTALLATO.
vii
About This Manual
About This Manual
This manual covers the Bird 4421 RF Power Meter and the its sensors. This manual covers the operating and maintenance
instructions for the following models:
Power Meter
4421
4021
4022
4024
4025
4027A250K
4027A4M
4027A35M
4027F2M
4027A400K
4027A10M
4027A60M
4027F10M
4027A800K
4027A12M
4027A100M
4027F60M
4027A2M
4027A25M
4027A150M
4028A Series
Sensors
4028A250K
4028A4M
4028A400K
4028A10M
4028A2M
4028A25M
4028A3M
4028B Series
Sensors
4028B10M
4028B3M
4028C Series
Sensors
4028C10M
4020 Series
Sensors
4027A Series
Sensors
4027F Series
Sensors
Changes to this Manual
We have made every effort to ensure this manual is accurate. If you should discover any errors, or if you have suggestions for improving this manual, please send your comments to our factory. This manual may be periodically
updated. When inquiring about updates to this manual refer to the part number and revision level on the title page.
Contents
Chapter Layout
Introduction - Describes the purpose and function of the Power Meter as well as a general overview of the product.
Installation - Describes the installation instructions for the power meter models covered in this manual.
Operating Instructions - Describes the features of the power meters and provides power-up instructions.
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface - Describes the features of the IEEE-488 GPIB Interface.
RS-232 Interface - Describes the features of the RS-232 Interface.
Maintenance - Contains preventative maintenance information, troubleshooting and repair sections, and a list of
replacement parts with part numbers.
viii
Table of Contents
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Safety Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Warning Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Caution Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Safety Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Changes to this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Chapter Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Power Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Items Supplied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Optional Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Power Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4020 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4027A Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4027F Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4028 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Frequency and Power Ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4020 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4027A Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4027F Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4028 Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Chapter 2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Sensor Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
RF Line Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Panel Mounting the 4421 Power Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Handle Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
115/230V AC Input Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
AC Line Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chapter 3 Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Push Button Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Audible Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Chapter 4 IEEE-488 GPIB Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Cable Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Interface Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Dip Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Talker-Only Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Command Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
General Bus Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Device Dependent Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Chapter 5 RS-232 Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
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Table of Contents
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Cable Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
DIP Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Auto Baud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Talker-Only Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Command Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
General Bus Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Device Dependent Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Chapter 6 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Functional Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Push Button Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Power Meter Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Replacing Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Replacing Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Replace Batteries (Older models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Replace Batteries (Newer Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Long Term Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Cal Cart Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Front Panel (Cal Cart only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Cord Reel (Cal Cart only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Power Sensor (Cal Cart only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Casters (Cal Cart only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Handle (Cal Cart only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Storage and Shipment (Cal Cart only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Specifications, Cal Cart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Max. Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Specifications, 4421 RF Power Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Specifications, Power Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Specifications, RS-232 Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Specifications, IEEE-488 GPIB Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Available Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
x
Chapter 1
Introduction
Power Meter
The Bird 4421 RF Power Meter is one component of a complete RF power measurement system. An RF power sensor such as a Bird 4021 is also required. The system can be controlled with the front panel buttons, or remotely
through an RS-232 connection or a GPIB-488 connection. See Figure 1, page 2.
Items Supplied




Bird 4421 RF Power Meter
AC Power Cord
Sensor Cable
Instruction Manual
Optional Accessories
Panel Mount Kit (P/N 4421-250) - Allows the Bird 4421 to be installed in a standard 19" panel for rack mount
applications.
Null Modem Kit (P/N 4380-250) - Contains the hardware necessary to allow the 4421 to be remotely controlled
by controllers with different wiring arrangements. Requires an RS-232 interface module.
1
Introduction
Figure 1
Bird 4421 Meter Outline Drawing
1. Operating Push Buttons
2. LCD
3. ON/OFF Push Button
4. Handle
5. Central Button
6. Fuse Access Door
7. AC Line Module
8. Master ON/OFF Switch
9. GPIB connector
10. GPIB DIP switches
11. RS-232 connector
12. RS-232 DIP switches
13. Power Sensor Socket
* A shorter case was introduced in 2016,
4421 length dimension has changed for
models built in 2016 and later.
2
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Power Sensors
Power sensors are available with a variety of connectors; see "Available Connectors" on page 52 for a complete list.
Since the accuracy is critically dependent on the connectors used at calibration, do not remove or change the connectors.
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
4020 Series
Bird 4020 Series Power Sensors are designed for lab or field use and are accurate to within ± 3%(1) of reading.
4027A Series
Bird 4027A Series Power Sensors are designed for use in semiconductor processing and calibration applications.
Stringent calibration provides long-term unit-to-unit repeatability, allowing consistent amounts of RF energy to be
applied to the etch process over many etch cycles. 4027A Sensors are accurate to ± 1%(1) at specified calibration
frequencies and power levels.
4027F Series
Bird 4027F Series Power Sensors are similar to the 4027A series. However, additional filtering allows the 4027F to
ignore harmonics of the signal being measured. The 4027F is also less sensitive to AM components of the signal.
4027F Sensors are accurate to ± 1%(2) at specified calibration frequencies and power levels.
Figure 2
Power Sensor Outline Drawing, 4020, 4027A, 4027F, & 4028A Series
4028 Series
Bird 4028 Series Power Sensors are high power sensors otherwise similar to the 4027A series. 4028A sensors are
based on a 7/8” line, 4028B sensors use a 1-5/8” line, and 4028C sensors use a 3-1/8” line. 4028 Sensors are accurate to ± 2% at specified calibration frequencies and power levels.
3
Introduction
Figure 3
Power Sensor Outline Drawing 4028B Series only
Figure 4
Power Sensor Outline Drawing 4028C Series only
Frequency and Power Ranges
4020 Series
Model
4021
4022
4024
4025
Frequency Range
1.8 – 32 MHz
25 – 1000 MHz
1.5 – 32 MHz
100 kHz – 2.5 MHz
RF Power Range
300 mW – 1 kW
300 mW – 1 kW
3 W – 10 kW
3 W – 10 kW
4
RF Power Meter Model 4421
4027A Series
Model
4027A250K
4027A400K
4027A800K
4027A2M
4027A4M
4027A10M
4027A12M
4027A25M
4027A35M
4027A60M
4027A100M
4027A150M
Frequency Range
250 – 400 kHz
400 – 550 kHz
800 – 950 kHz
1.5 – 2.5 MHz
3 – 5 MHz
10 – 15 MHz
10 – 15 MHz
25 – 30 MHz
35 – 45 MHz
45 – 65 MHz
95 – 105 MHz
150 – 170 MHz
RF Power Range
3 W – 10 kW
3 W – 10 kW
3 W – 10 kW
3 W – 10 kW
3 W – 10 kW
3 W – 10 kW
300 mW – 1 kW
3 W – 9 kW
3 W – 7.5 kW
3 W – 6 kW
3 W – 4 kW
3.75 W – 3.75kW
4027F Series
Model
4027F2M
4027F10M
4027F60M
Frequency Range
1.8 – 2.2 MHz
12 – 15 MHz
57 – 63 MHz
RF Power Range
100 W – 10 kW
3 W – 4 kW
3.75 W – 3.75 kW
4028 Series
Model
4028A250K
4028A400K
4028A2M
4028A3M
4028A4M
4028A10M
4028A25M
4028B3M
4028B10M
4028C10M
5
Frequency Range
250 – 400 kHz
400 – 550 kHz
1.5 – 2.5 MHz
2.5 – 3.5 MHz
3.5 – 4.5 MHz
10 – 15 MHz
25 – 30 MHz
2.5 – 4 MHz
10 – 15 MHz
10 – 15 MHz
RF Power Range
1 kW – 20 kW
1 kW – 20 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
500W – 50 kW
Chapter 2
Installation
This chapter provides information about preparing the Bird 4421 for use.
Sensor Connection
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
CAUTION
The Bird 4421 must be powered off when connecting or disconnecting the power
sensor from the power meter.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn OFF the ON/OFF rocker switch on the meter’s rear panel.
Align the latch on the cable with the notch of the “Power Sensor” socket on the power meter’s rear panel.
Insert the cable until it clicks into place.
Connect the other end of the sensor cable to the sensor.
RF Line Connection
WARNING
Never attempt to connect or disconnect RF equipment from the transmission line while
RF power is being applied.
Leaking RF energy is a potential health hazard.
CAUTION
Do not use the power sensor with a load VSWR greater then 2:1. Damage to the power
meter, power sensor, or the RF power source could occur.
Connect the end of the power sensor labeled “SOURCE” to the RF source. Connect the end labeled “LOAD” to the
load or antenna. Reversing these connections will cause measurement errors.
Panel Mounting the 4421 Power Meter
You can install the 4421 Power Meter in an equipment rack if you have the optional panel mount kit (refer to
Optional Accessories, page 1). The panel mount kit includes complete installation instructions. Figure 5, page 7
shows the overall dimensions and mounting points for a 4421 Power Meter installed in a panel mount kit.
Note: The power supply interrupt switch for the 4421 Power Meter is located on the rear panel. When you
install a unit in a panel mount kit, you need to provide a means to interrupt the power supply that is easily
accessible to the user (such as a switch mounted in the panel).
6
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Figure 5
Panel Mounting Dimensions
Handle Operation
The handle on the Bird 4421 can be set to four different positions (see Figure 6). To adjust the handle, press the center buttons on both sides. Releasing the buttons will lock the handle into position.
Figure 6 Handle Positions
7
Installation
115/230V AC Input Power
The internal power supply can operate at 115 VAC or 230 VAC. There is no user setting to select the input voltage
because the power supply automatically senses the input voltage. However, you must make sure that you have the
correct power cord plug and fuses installed for the line voltage you are using (refer to Replacing Fuses, page 37).
AC Line Connectors
To make the AC line cord compatible with non-U.S. voltages, users must install the appropriate connector on the
power cord.
Batteries
The Bird 4421 RF Power Meter is completely portable and is powered from internal rechargeable nickel metal
hydride batteries.
The batteries are shipped in a low charge state. It is, therefore, recommended that you charge the instrument for
approximately 28 hours before using it for continuous operation.
Note: Battery charging at temperatures greater than 45° C (113° F) can result in reduced operational time.
CAUTION
Long-term storage of this instrument can affect battery performance and reduce
battery life. Do not store the instrument for long periods of time without recharging
the batteries (refer to page 39). Failure to comply may result in reduced battery
charge and shortened battery life.
8
Chapter 3
Operating Instructions
This chapter describes operator controls and indicators on the Bird 4421 RF Power Meter. For remote operation
using a IEEE-488 (GPIB) or RS-232 controller, refer to the instructions in Chapter 4 or Chapter 5 respectively.
Push Button Functions
Figure 7
Push Buttons
Push Button
FWD, RFL
Description
Press to measure forward or reflected RF power. FWD or RFL
indicator and current unit of measure turn on.
SWR
Press to measure standing wave ratio. SWR indicator turns on. Value
displayed will be between 1.0 and 199.9
MIN, MAX
Used after pressing FWD, RFL, SWR, or dBm. Displays the minimum
(maximum) measured value of the previous function as long as MIN
(MAX) is held down.
dBm
Used after pressing FWD or RFL. dBm indicator turns on. Power is
displayed in dBm units.
Note: Used after pressing SWR. Return loss is displayed.
LIGHT
Press to turn on or turn off the display’s backlight. If left on, the light
automatically shuts off after 30 minutes.
AUTO
Press to automatically set the scale. AUTO turns on.
UP, DOWN
Press to select the next higher (lower) scale. If the scale is too high for
the power sensor, an error will be displayed.
Note: Used while AUTO indicator is on. Stops automatic scaling. AUTO indicator turns off.
ON/OFF
Press to turn the power meter on or off. This switch will not work if the
master power switch on the rear panel is OFF.
Note: The display flashes for about 30 seconds when the
unit is first turned on.
9
Operating Instructions
Error Codes
The Bird 4421 displays error codes when the RF power is either below the selected range (underrange) or above the
selected range (overrange). Table 3-1 displays the error codes and Table 3-2 lists the function limits.
Table 3-1 Error Codes
Symbol
Explanation
Value greater than overrange limit of function
Value less than underrange limit of function
Table 3-2 Function Limits
Function
Limit
Error
FWD, RFL
Power > 199.9 % of full scale or 120 % of
top range
Overrange
FWD dBm, RFL dBm
Power > 120 % of full scale
Overrange
Power < 3 % of low range
Underrange
FWD < 20 % of low range
Underrange
FWD – RFL = 0
Overrange
FWD < 20 % of low range
Underrange
RFL < 20 % of low range
Underrange
Return Loss > 40 dB
Underrange
SWR
Return Loss
Audible Warning
If the RF power level exceeds 120 % of the power sensor’s maximum power capability, the power meter will sound a
warning buzzer.
10
Chapter 4
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
This chapter discusses setup of the IEEE-488 interface feature and describes the IEEE commands that apply to the
Bird 4421. Operators should understand IEEE standard 488-1978 and have basic computer programming skills
before attempting to write any programs.
CAUTION
During remote operation, periodically monitor the bus
service request line. Failure to detect a service request
could result in equipment damage.
Description
The Bird 4421 IEEE-488 (GPIB) interface has an eight-position DIP switch that sets operational conditions and interface addresses. The bottom line of the display indicates the current bus status.
Cable Connector
The interface uses a standard IEEE-488 cable connector. Pin assignments are listed in Table 4-3.
Table 4-3 IEEE-488 Pin Assignments
Pin
Designation
Type
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
D101
D102
D103
D104
EOI
DAV
NRFD
NDAC
IFC
SRQ
ATN
SHIELD
D105
D106
D107
D108
REN
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND, LOGIC
Data
Data
Data
Data
Management
Handshake
Handshake
Handshake
Management
Management
Management
Ground
Data
Data
Data
Data
Management
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
11
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
Interface Capabilities
Table 4-4 IEEE-488 Interface Module Capabilities
Code Name
SH1
AH1
T5
L4
SR1
RL1
PP0
DC1
DT1
C0
E1
TE0
LE0
Description
Source Handshake Can handshake data or command bytes when the unit is
acting as a source.
Acceptor
Can handshake the bus when it is acting as the acceptor of
data or commands.
Talker
Can send data over the bus to other devices. This capability
exists only after the instrument has been addressed to talk, or
after a reading in talk-only mode.
Listener
Can receive device-dependent data over the bus. This capability
exists only after the unit has been addressed to listen.
Service Request
Can request service from the controller.
Remote-Local
Can be placed in remote or local mode.
Parallel Poll
Does not have parallel polling capability.
Device Clear
Can be reset to factory settings.
Device Trigger
Can have its readings triggered.
Controller
Does not have controller capability.
Bus Driver Type
Has open-collector bus drivers.
Extended Talker
Does not have extended talker capability.
Extended Listener Does not have extended listener capability.
Indicators
The bottom line of the power meter’s display shows indicators describing the status of the Bird 4421 when used
with the IEEE interface. These are:
REMOTE - When REMOTE is displayed, the power meter is being controlled through the interface. Measurements, units of measure, and certain other parameters may be changed from a remote location.
LISTEN - When LISTEN is displayed, the power meter is receiving data.
TALK - When TALK is displayed, the power meter is transmitting data. This is always shown when the unit is in
“talker-only” mode.
LOCAL LOCKOUT - When LOCAL LOCKOUT is displayed, the push buttons are disabled and the power meter’s
functions are being remotely controlled.
Setup
Dip Switch
Set the interface to ADDR (Addressable) by positioning DIP switch 1 to ON. This makes the 4421 respond to controller commands.
Note: There are several button styles on DIP switches (slide, rocker, lever). Examine the DIP switch to
determine the ON and OFF positions.
Set the primary address using the DIP switches. The primary address is factory set to 6, but can be set to any value
between 1 and 31 (0 is reserved for the controller) To set the primary address, turn OFF switches 4 – 8 so that the
sum of the bits turned off equals the desired primary address. In Figure 8 on page 13, the address is set to 6 (the off
switches have values of 4 and 2).
12
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Figure 8
IEEE Interface Default DIP Switch Settings
Note: The primary address is used by the
controller to refer to specific devices on the bus. When
programming the controller, the address in the program
must be the same as the address set on the interface
module. Each device on the bus must have a different
primary address.
Talker-Only Mode
The Bird 4421 can be set up for manual operation while automatically sending data to an output device (Talker-Only
Mode). To do so, turn DIP switch 1 OFF and cycle the power. TALK will be displayed.
In Talker-Only mode, pressing a button on the meter triggers a measurement. When the measurement is complete,
the information is sent to the bus and LISTEN turns on momentarily. A listen-only device on the bus, such as a
printer, can read the value. The power meter is then ready to accept another button press.
Command Syntax
The Bird 4421 accepts two types of commands. General bus commands are commands, such as Device Clear (DCL),
that apply to any IEEE interfaced device. Device-dependent commands are specific to the 4421.
If an invalid command is sent to the unit, an error condition is placed in the serial poll byte and the offending command is not executed.
A group of device-dependent commands can be sent as a single string as long as like command categories are not
repeated, for example: “PNFCFDT3TRG”. This string sets up the 4421 to send no prefixes, read forward dBm, make
one reading on “TRG”, and triggers a measurement.
Note: Commands can be entered in either upper or lower case.
Note: Only the last command entered of each category will be executed. As a command string is processed
by the 4421, each category of command is stored in a separate location. Two commands of the same category will be stored in the same location, so that the second will overwrite and erase the first one.
General Bus Commands
The general bus commands supported by the IEEE-488 interface feature are listed in Table 4-5. The syntax for executing general commands varies among controllers; check the documentation supplied with your controller for the
proper command structure.
Table 4-5 IEEE-488 General Bus Commands
13
Command
Effect on Bird 4421
IDN?
Gives product identification
REN
Goes into remote mode when next addressed
GTL
Cancels remote mode, restores local operation
LLO
Locks out local operation
IFC
Goes into talker and listener-idle status
DCL
Returns to default conditions
SDC
Returns to default conditions
GET
Triggers reading in T2 and T3 modes
SPE, SPD
Puts the status byte on the bus
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
IDentificatioN
(IDN?)
Function
Product identifies itself
Remarks
Replies command same as U2
Remote ENable
(REN)
Function
Enables remote operation.
Remarks
The unit must be addressed to listen after setting REN true.
The REMOTE indicator turns on when this command is received.
Go To Local
(GTL)
Function
Returns device to local operation.
Remarks
Issuing a GTL command while the device is in Local Lockout mode does not clear the
lockout condition.
The REMOTE indicator turns off.
The LISTEN indicator remains on.
Local LOckout
(LLO)
Function
Disables local operation of all devices on the bus.
Remarks
REN must be true to use LLO.
LLO is cleared by setting REN false.
InterFace Clear
(IFC)
Function
Terminates all bus activity and passes control to the system controller.
Remarks
All devices are set to talker and listener idle states.
LISTEN mode is canceled, and its indicator is turned off.
14
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Device CLear
(DCL)
Function
Resets the status of all devices to an initialized state.
Remarks
Does not change the current interface mode.
The 4421 returns to the factory default condition listed in Table 4-6.
Table 4-6 IEEE-488 Default Conditions
Default Condition
Related Command
Forward Carrier Wave
FC
Auto Range ON
RYY
Two Terminators (CR LF)
YT
Prefixes YES
PY
Trigger One Shot on Talk Address
T1
All SRQ’s OFF
M00
Send EOI with last byte of message
KY
Selective Device Clear
(SDC)
Function
Resets the status of a selected device to an initialized state.
Remarks
Only the device addressed will be cleared.
The 4421 returns to the factory default condition.
Group Execute Trigger
(GET)
Function
Initiates a measurement for all devices set to trigger on GET.
Remarks
The 4421 must be already set to trigger on GET.
Used to synchronize measurements of multiple instruments.
15
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
Serial Polling Enable/Disable
Function
(SPE/SPD)
Enables or disables the serial polling sequence.
CAUTION
During remote operation, periodically monitor the bus service request line. Failure to
detect a service request could result in equipment damage.
Remarks
The SPE command puts all devices in serial poll mode waiting to be addressed.
The SPD command clears the SRQ bit (bit 6) and ends the polling sequence.
When addressed a device sends its status byte to the controller. A value of 1 for a bit
means that the device condition that bit refers to is true. A value of 0 means that the
condition is false.
The 4421 does not use all bits of the status byte. Table 4-7 lists the bits used, along
with a description and how to reset them.
Table 4-7 IEEE Status Byte Description
Bit
Name
6
SRQ
3
Measurement
Complete
2
Reading
Underflow
1
Reading Overflow
0
Error
Condition
Set if a service request is generated by the 4421. If an SRQ
has been received by the controller and this bit is cleared,
other instruments on the bus should be checked to
determine where the SRQ occurred.
Cleared by a serial poll of the 4421.
Set when the power meter has completed a reading.
Cleared by requesting a reading over the bus.
Set when the RF power is underrange and a reading has
been completed.
Cleared by requesting a reading over the bus.
Set when the RF power is overrange and a reading has
been completed.
Cleared by requesting a reading over the bus.
Set if an illegal device-dependent command (IDDC) or
illegal device-dependent command option (IDDCO) was
received, or if the power meter fails the self test.
Cleared by reading the U1 status word. The U1 word
contains details on the error, see “Status” on page 21.
16
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Device Dependent Commands
The device-dependent commands used by the 4421 Power Meter are listed in Table 4-8, organized by category.
Note: The programming card also has a complete command list.
Table 4-8 IEEE-488 Device Dependent Command Summary
Category
Measurement
Range
Terminators
Prefixes
Triggers
Serial Polling
Status
Description
FC
Forward carrier wave
FD
Forward dBm
RC
Reflected carrier wave
RD
Reflected dBm
SW
Standing wave ratio
RL
Return loss
MN
Minimum value
MX
Maximum value
RYY
Auto range on
R00 to R17
Manual ranges
RNN
Auto range off, stay at present range
YT
Two terminators: CR, LF
YO
One terminator: CR
YN
No terminator
PY
Prefix YES
PN
Prefix NO
T0
Continuous on TALK
T1
One shot on TALK
T2
Continuous on GET
T3
One shot on GET
T4
Continuous on measurement command
T5
One shot on measurement command
M00
Do not generate SRQ
M01
Generate SRQ on error
M02
Generate SRQ on measurement overrange
M04
Generate SRQ on measurement underrange
M08
Generate SRQ on operation complete
U0
Send back current machine state
U1
Send back error conditions
U2
Send back revision levels
Self-Test
J0
Run self-test
EOI Response
KY
Send EOI on last byte
KN
Do not send EOI on last byte
WXXXXXX
Place XXXXXX in RAM
Writable Store
17
Command
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
Forward Carrier Wave
Forward dBm
(FD)
Reflected Carrier Wave
Reflected dBm
(RD)
(FC)
(RC)
Function
Selects forward or reflected RF power measurement mode.
Remarks
Measurement results are returned in Watts or dBm.
Standing Wave Ratio
Return Loss
(RL)
(SW)
Function
Selects SWR or return loss match measurement mode.
Remarks
Measurement results are returned in VSWR or dB.
MiNimum Value
MaXimum Value
(MN)
(MX)
Function
Selects minimum or maximum measurement mode.
Remarks
Another measurement must be selected before selecting min or max.
Returns the minimum (or maximum) value of the previous measurement type.
18
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Range
(Rxx)
Function
Selects a measurement range listed in Table 4-9.
Remarks
If the selected range is outside the range of the connected power sensor, the command is ignored.
Table 4-9 Measurement Ranges
Command
RYY
RNN
R17
R16
R15
R14
R13
R12
R11
R10
R09
R08
R07
R06
R05
R04
R03
R02
R01
R00
Terminators
Function
Power Range
Turn auto range on
Turn auto range off. Keep present range
18.0 – 199.9 MW
1.80 – 19.99 MW
0.180 – 1.999 MW
18.0 – 199.9 kW
1.80 – 19.99 kW
0.180 – 1.999 kW
18.0 – 199.9 W
1.80 – 19.99 W
0.180 – 1.999 W
18.0 – 199.9 mW
1.80 – 19.99 mW
0.180 – 1.999 mW
18.0 – 199.9 μW
1.80 – 19.99 μW
0.180 – 1.999 μW
18.0 – 199.9 nW
1.80 – 19.99 nW
0.180 – 1.999 nW
(Yx)
Selects the characters that follow the end of a data string. Set x to:


“T” for two terminators; a carriage return (CR) and a line feed (LF).
“O” for one terminator; a carriage return (CR).
“N” for no terminator; message can be terminated by EOI.
Remarks
19
Many controllers use the terminator sequence to recognize the end of an input string.
Using incorrect terminators can lock the bus.
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
Prefixes
(Px)
Function
Turns the prefix mode on or off. Set x to:


Remarks
“Y” to enable prefixes.
“N” to disable prefixes.
Prefixes are sent over the bus with the measurement, and indicate the status of the current measurement (see Table 4-10 for examples):





Table 4-10
“FC”,”FD”,”RC”,”RD”,”SW”,”RL”,”MN”,”MX” indicates the measurement type.
“U” indicates underflow; the value sent is “.000”.
“O” indicates overflow; the value sent is “199.9”.
“N” indicates normal; the value sent is a normal on-scale reading.
“4421” indicates the Bird model number.
Prefix Examples
Data String
Description
NFC.0.123W(CR)(LF)
Normal (N) forward carrier wave (FC), prefixes on
OFC 199.9W(CR)(LF)
Overflowed (O) forward carrier wave (FC), prefixes on
199.9W(CR)(LF)
URD
Triggers
.000W(CR)(LF)
Overflowed forward carrier wave, prefixes off
Underflowed (U) reflected dBm (RD), prefixes on
(Tx)
Function
Selects the condition which will trigger a reading (see Table 4-11).
Remarks
Failure to trigger device before requesting a reading will lock the bus.
T1 halts the bus until a reading is available.
T0 and T1 do not set the measurement complete SRQ.
T2, T3, T4, and T5 set a SRQ when the measurement is complete.
Fastest reading rate is 2.4 readings/second; slowest is 1 reading/sec.
Table 4-11
Trigger Conditions
Command
Trigger Condition
T0
Continuous on talk
T1
One shot on talk
T2
Continuous on GET
T3
One shot on GET
T4
Continuous on measurement command (FC,FD,
RC, RD, SW, RL, MN, MX)
T5
One shot on measurement command (FC, FD,
RC, RD, SW, RL, MN, MX)
20
RF Power Meter Model 4421
SRQ Mask
(Mxx)
Function
Selectively masks status bits to prevent unwanted service requests.
Set xx to the sum of the binary values of the desired SRQ trigger bits.
For example, M12 would set the SRQ for both operation complete and underrange
(values 8 and 4). Set xx to “00” to never generate an SRQ.
Remarks
If a status bit is masked (bit set to 0), SRQs won’t be generated for that condition.
Table 4-12
SRQ Mask Bits
Binary Value
Bit Number
1
0 (LSB)
2
1
Measurement overrange
4
2
Measurement underrange
8
3
Operation complete
4
Not Used
5
Not Used
6
Can’t mask
7 (MSB)
Status
Not Used
Reads a status word and returns the information as a string. Set x to:



Remarks
21
Error (IDDC, IDDCO, self-test fail)
(Ux)
Function
Figure 9
Message
“0” for machine status.
“1” for error status.
“2” for revision history.
After sending the status command, a status word is sent the next time the unit is
addressed to talk. To ensure the correct status is transmitted, the status word should
be requested as soon as possible after the command is sent.
Machine Status Word (U0) - The format of the machine status word is shown in
Figure 9. The default values are also shown.
Machine Status Word Format
IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
Error Status Word (U1) - The format of the error status word and the possible
error messages are shown in Figure 10. When an error occurs, an error is also flagged
in the status (serial poll) byte, and a SRQ may be generated ("SRQ Mask
(Mxx)" on
page 21). All flags will revert to their non-error states after the U1 command is sent.
Figure 10
Error Status Word Format
Status
Meaning
Description
ICM
Invalid Command
Set when an illegal device-dependent command
(IDDC) such as V2 is received. (V is illegal)
VCM
Valid Command
Set when no IDDC is received.
ICO
Invalid Command Option
Set when an illegal device-dependent command
option (IDDCO) such as T6 is received. (6 is illegal)
VCO
Valid Command Option
Set when no IDDCO is received.
PS
Self-Test Pass
Set when a self-test has been initiated by the
J0 command and the test result is acceptable.
FL
Self-Test Fail
Set when the self-test has failed. (This is the
default condition.)
Revision History Word (U2) - The format of the revision history word is shown in
Figure 11.
Figure 11
Revision History Word Format
Note: If Writable stores parameter has not been set, this command responds only with -4420-.
22
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Self Test
(J0)
Function
Initiates a hardware and software test.
Remarks
Results are stored in the U1 status word (See “Status
(Ux)” on page 21).
“J0” must be sent each time before reading the result.
End Or Identify (Kx)
Function
Enables or disables the End or Identify (EOI) signal. Set x to:


Remarks
“Y” to enable.
“N” to disable.
Disabling EOI can cause some controllers to lock unless another terminator is used.
When enabled, EOI is only asserted at the end of a multiple byte string.
Writable Store
(W x x x x x x)
Function
Storage for six bytes of ASCII data.
Remarks
Data stored is lost when the 4421 is turned off.
Data is sent back as part of the U2 status word.
23
Chapter 5
RS-232 Interface
This chapter discusses setup of the RS-232 interface feature and describes the RS-232 commands that apply to the
Bird 4421. Operators should understand EIA Standard RS-232-C and have basic computer programming skills before
writing any programs.
Description
The Bird 4421 RS-232 interface feature is an integral part of the I/O hub circuit board inside of the mm21. An eightposition DIP switch is used to set operational conditions such as baud rate, parity, and stop bits. The bottom line of
the display indicates the current bus status.
Cable Connector
The interface uses a standard 25-pin RS-232 connector. Pin assignments are listed in Table 5-13. If the controller
uses a different wiring arrangement, do not attempt to rewire the interface module’s connector. A null modem kit
should be used for rewiring instead.
Table 5-13
Pin
RS-232 Pin Assignments
Designation
Notes
1
Protection Ground
2
Transmit Data
Chassis Ground
3
Receive Data
4
Request to Send
(Output) Set true after module power up
5
Clear to Send
(Input) Set by input device. When true, it enables the
module to transmit. When false, it disables transmission.
6
Data Set Ready
(Input) Set internally true by module
7
Signal Ground
Return path for data and control signals
8
Receive Signal DET
(Input) Set true by module
20
Data Terminal Ready
(Output) Set true after module power up
Indicators
The bottom line of the power meter’s display shows indicators describing the status of the Bird 4421 when used
with the RS-232 interface. These are:
TALK - When TALK is displayed, the power meter is transmitting data. This is always shown when the unit is in
“talker-only” mode.
LISTEN - When LISTEN is displayed, the power meter is receiving data.
24
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Setup
DIP Switch
Set the DIP switches according to application needs and the requirements of the controller. Available settings and
factory defaults are listed in Figure 12.
Note: There are several button styles on DIP switches (slide, rocker, lever). Examine the DIP switch to
determine the ON and OFF positions.
Figure 12
RS-232 Interface Default DIP Switch Settings
Note: If you change switch settings when the unit is ON, the new settings will not become effective until
power is turned OFF and then back ON.
Switch
Function
Description
1
Stop Bit
ON
OFF
1 Stop Bit
2 Stop Bits†
2
Command
Mode
ON
OFF
ENT command needed before sending reading to controller†
Trigger automatically sends reading
Reading also sent when front panel push button pressed
Word Length
ON
OFF
8 Data Bits†
7 Data Bits
Parity
(4)
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
(5)
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
No Parity†
Odd Parity
Even Parity
Mark Parity
(6)
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
(7)
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
(8)
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
3
4,5
6,7,8
Baud Rate
†. Default factory setting
††.For more information see “Auto Baud”
25
Auto Baud††
300
600
1200
2400†
4800
9600
RS-232 Interface
Auto Baud
Auto Baud is used to automatically determine the correct transmission rate. After setting DIP switches 1 through 5,
follow the steps below to use auto baud:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Set DIP switches 6, 7, and 8 to ON.
Connect a controller to the power meter.
Turn the power meter on.
Send the character U (hexadecimal 55) from the controller to the power meter.
Wait 1 second.
If the power meter’s front panel displays LISTEN, the baud rate has been determined. If not, repeat steps 4 and
5.
If, after 30 seconds, the module cannot absolutely determine a baud rate, it will choose a rate based on data
acquired during the test.
Note: Auto Baud is the only automatically chosen setting. Other items such as parity and stop bits must be
manually selected.
Talker-Only Mode
The Bird 4421 can be set up for manual operation while automatically sending data to an output device (Talker-Only
Mode). To do so, turn DIP switch 2 OFF and cycle the power. TALK will be displayed.
In Talker-Only mode, pressing a button on the meter triggers a measurement. When the measurement is complete,
the information is sent to the bus.
Command Syntax
The Bird 4421 accepts two types of commands. General bus commands are commands, such as Initialize (INT), that
apply to any RS-232 interfaced device. Device-dependent commands are specific to the 4421.
If an invalid command is sent to the unit, an error condition is placed in the serial poll byte and the offending command is not executed.
A group of device-dependent commands can be sent as a single string as long as like command categories are not
repeated. For example: “PNFCFDT3TRG”. This string sets up the 4421 to send no prefixes, read forward dBm, make
one reading on “TRG”, and triggers a measurement.
Note: Commands can be entered in either upper or lower case.
Note: Only the last command entered of each category will be executed. As a command string is processed
by the 4421, each category of command is stored in a separate location. Two commands of the same category will be stored in the same location, so that the second will overwrite and erase the first one.
General Bus Commands
The general bus commands supported by the RS-232 interface module are listed in Table 5-14.
Table 5-14
RS-232 General Bus Commands
Command
INT
ENT
TRG
B1 to B7
XO/XF
Effect on Bird 4421
Returns to default conditions
Sends a reading to the controller
Triggers reading in T3 mode
Selects a baud rate
Enables/disables software handshake
26
RF Power Meter Model 4421
INiTialize
(INT)
Function
Resets the Bird 4421 and returns it to the factory defaults.
Remarks
If INT is linked with any other command within a string, it must be separated from that
command by a space.
ENTer
(ENT)
Function
Makes the power meter transmit a reading to the controller.
Remarks
A measurement must have already been triggered, placing a reading in the output buffer.
To send a reading whenever a measurement is triggered, set DIP switch 2 to OFF. The
ENT command will not need to be sent.
TRiGger
Function
Baud Select
(TRG)
Initiates a measurement if the power meter is in trigger mode (T3).
(Bx)
Function
Selects a baud rate listed in Table 5-15.
Remarks
When the meter recognizes a valid Bx command, its baud rate is immediately changed.
(The controller is assumed to be transmitting at the new rate; otherwise sending commands would not be possible.)
This command overrides the DIP switch setting.
Table 5-15
27
Baud Rates
Command
Baud Rate
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
RS-232 Interface
Xmission Flow Control
Function
(XO/XF)
Enables or disables the XON/XOFF flow control.


Remarks
XO enables flow control.
XF disables flow control.
When data is being sent from the power meter to the computer and flow control is
enabled, data transmission will be suspended when the XOFF character (hexadecimal
13) is sent by the computer. Transmission will resume when XON (hex 11) is sent by
the computer.
When data is being sent from the computer to the power meter, XOFF will be sent to
the computer when the input buffer fills up. XON will be sent to the computer when
the buffer has emptied.
Device Dependent Commands
The device-dependent commands used by the 4421 Power Meter are listed in Table 5-16, organized by category.
Table 5-16 RS-232 Device Dependent Command Summary
Category
Measurement
Range
Terminators
Prefixes
Triggers
Status
Self-Test
Writable Store
Command
FC
FD
RC
RD
SW
RL
MN
MX
RYY
R00 to R17
RNN
YT
YO
YN
PY
PN
T0
T1
T3
T5
U0
U1
U2
J0
WXXXXXX
Description
Forward carrier wave
Forward dBm
Reflected carrier wave
Reflected dBm
Standing wave ratio
Return loss
Minimum value
Maximum value
Auto range on
Manual ranges
Auto range off, stay at present range
Two terminators: CR, LF
One terminator: CR
No terminator
Prefix YES
Prefix NO
Continuous on ENT
One shot on ENT
One shot on TRG
One shot on measurement command
Send back current machine state
Send back error conditions
Send back revision levels
Run self-test
Place XXXXXX in RAM
28
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Forward Carrier Wave
Forward dBm
(FD)
Reflected Carrier Wave
Reflected dBm
(RD)
(FC)
(RC)
Function
Selects forward or reflected RF power measurement mode.
Remarks
Measurement results are returned in Watts or dBm.
Standing Wave Ratio
Return Loss
(RL)
(SW)
Function
Selects SWR or return loss match measurement mode.
Remarks
Measurement results are returned in VSWR or dB.
MiNimum Value
MaXimum Value
(MN)
(MX)
Function
Selects minimum or maximum measurement mode.
Remarks
Another measurement must be selected before selecting min or max.
Returns the minimum (or maximum) value of the previous measurement type.
29
RS-232 Interface
Range
(Rxx)
Function
Selects a measurement range listed in Table 5-17.
Remarks
If the selected range is outside the range of the connected power sensor, the command is ignored.
Table 5-17
Measurement Ranges
Command
RYY
RNN
R17
R16
R15
R14
R13
R12
R11
R10
R09
R08
R07
R06
R05
R04
R03
R02
R01
R00
Terminators
Function
(Yx)
Selects the characters that follow the end of a data string. Set x to:



Remarks
Power Range
Turn auto range on
Turn auto range off. Keep present range
18.0 – 199.9 MW
1.80 – 19.99 MW
0.180 – 1.999 MW
18.0 – 199.9 kW
1.80 – 19.99 kW
0.180 – 1.999 kW
18.0 – 199.9 W
1.80 – 19.99 W
0.180 – 1.999 W
18.0 – 199.9 mW
1.80 – 19.99 mW
0.180 – 1.999 mW
18.0 – 199.9 μW
1.80 – 19.99 μW
0.180 – 1.999 μW
18.0 – 199.9 nW
1.80 – 19.99 nW
0.180 – 1.999 nW
“T” for two terminators; a carriage return(CR) and a line feed(LF).
“O” for one terminator; a carriage return(CR).
“N” for no terminator.
Many controllers use the terminator sequence to recognize the end of an input string.
Using incorrect terminators can lock the bus.
30
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Prefixes
(Px)
Function
Turns the prefix mode on or off. Set x to:


Remarks
“N” to disable prefixes.
Prefixes are sent over the bus with the measurement, and indicate the status of the
current measurement (see Table 5-18 for examples):





Table 5-18
“Y” to enable prefixes.
“FC”,”FD”,”RC”,”RD”,”SW”,”RL”,”MN”,”MX” indicates the measurement
type.
“U” indicates underflow; the value sent is “.000”.
“O” indicates overflow; the value sent is “199.9”.
“N” indicates normal; the value sent is a normal on-scale reading.
“4421” indicates the Bird model number.
Prefix Examples
Data String
Description
NFC.0.123W(CR)(LF)
Normal (N) forward carrier wave (FC), prefixes on
OFC 199.9W(CR)(LF)
Overflowed (O) forward carrier wave (FC), prefixes on
199.9W(CR)(LF)
URD
Triggers
.000W(CR)(LF)
Overflowed forward carrier wave, prefixes off
Underflowed (U) reflected dBm (RD), prefixes on
(Tx)
Function
Selects the condition which will trigger a reading (see Table 5-19).
Remarks
Failure to trigger device before requesting a reading will lock the bus.
Fastest reading rate is 2.4 readings/second; slowest is 1 reading/sec.
Table 5-19
Trigger Conditions
Command
31
Trigger Condition
T0
Continuous on ENT
T1
One shot on ENT
T3
One shot on TRG
T5
One shot on measurement command (FC, FD,
RC, RD, SW, RL, MN, MX)
RS-232 Interface
Status
(Ux)
Function
Reads a status word and returns the information as a string. Set x to:



Remarks
“0” for machine status.
“1” for error status.
“2” for revision history.
After sending the status command, a status word is sent the next time the unit is
addressed to talk. To ensure the correct status is transmitted, the status word should
be requested as soon as possible after the command is sent.
Machine Status Word (U0) - The format of the machine status word is shown in
Figure 13. The default values are also shown.
Figure 13
Machine Status Word Format
Note: This command sets the unit to the settings that were last issued remotely (through RS-232 or GPIB).
Therefore, it will over ride any manual changes selected at the front panel of the unit.
Error Status Word (U1) - The format of the error status word and the possible
error messages are shown in Figure 14. All flags will revert to their non-error states
after the U1 command is sent.
Figure 14
Error Status Word Format
Status
Meaning
ICM
Invalid Command
VCM
ICO
Valid Command
Invalid Command
Option
VCO
PS
Valid Command Option
Self-test Pass
FL
Self-test Fail
Description
Set when an illegal device-dependent command
(IDDC) such as V2 is received. (V is illegal)
Set when no IDDC is received.
Set when an illegal device-dependent command
option (IDDCO) such as T6 is received. (6 is
illegal)
Set when no IDDCO is received.
Set when a self-test has been initiated by the J0
command and the test result is acceptable.
Set when the self-test has failed. (This is the
default condition.)
32
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Revision History Word (U2)The format of the revision history word is shown in
Figure 15.
Figure 15
Revision History Word Format
Self Test
(J0)
Function
Initiates a hardware and software test.
Remarks
Results are stored in the U1 status word (see “Status” on page 32).
“J0” must be sent each time before reading the result.
Writable Store
(W x x x x x x)
Function
Storage for six bytes of ASCII data.
Remarks
Data stored is lost when the 4421 is turned off.
Data is sent back as part of the U2 status word
33
Chapter 6
Maintenance
This chapter describes routine maintenance, along with troubleshooting instructions for the power meter and
power sensor. Disassembly instructions for the Bird Cal Cart are also provided. For service beyond this level, return
the unit to a qualified service center.
WARNING
To avoid personal injury, disconnect the power cord from the AC line before performing
any maintenance, including fuse replacement or changing the line voltage setting.
WARNING
Never attempt to connect or disconnect RF equipment from the transmission line while
RF power is being applied.
Leaking RF energy is a potential health hazard.
The Bird 4421 Power Meter requires only simple, routine maintenance.



Wipe off dust and dirt regularly.
Check the connectors and cables for damage.
Clean the connector contacts with alcohol or dry cleaning solvent.
Cleaning
CAUTION
Do not use harsh or abrasive detergents for cleaning.
Clean the Bird 4421 Power Meter and its display with a soft cloth dampened with mild detergent and water only.
Clean sensors with a dry cleaning solvent that leaves no residue.
Troubleshooting
Since the power meter and power sensor can only work together, the first step is to determine which is malfunctioning. Connect the power sensor to the meter and perform the functional test on page 35. If the power meter is
malfunctioning, refer to the troubleshooting table below. If the power sensor is malfunctioning, return it for service.
CAUTION
Due to the complexity of the Bird Power Sensor, field repairs beyond general
maintenance should not be attempted.
Removal or disturbance of the power sensor cover can result in cancellation of lifetime
warranty.
This manual cannot list all malfunctions that may occur, or corrective actions. If a malfunction is not listed or is not
corrected by the listed corrective actions, contact a qualified service center.
Note: For power sensors in Cal Carts, following the test procedure will check the sensor not covered by the
safety cover. To test the other sensor slide the safety cover over, then proceed as normal.
34
RF Power Meter Model 4421
PROBLEM
Power meter has no power
POSSIBLE CAUSE
CORRECTION
Have the batteries been charged? Recharge the batteries.
Is the power meter’s ac power
cord connected?
Connect the power cord.
Is the ON/OFF rocker switch on
the rear panel set to OFF?
Set the switch to ON.
(Cal Cart only)
Is the Cal Cart’s AC power cord
connected to the AC line?
Connect AC power.
Blown fuse?
Check fuse rating and replace fuse
(See “Replacing Fuses” on
page 37).
Dash moves across the display
Is the sensor cable connected to
both the power meter and power
sensor?
Connect sensor cable.
Is the sensor cable defective?
Replace sensor cable.
Display blank or not updating
Have the batteries been charged? NO: Recharge battery
YES: Return meter for service.
Power meter turns off while on
battery power
Is “LO BAT” displayed?
Push buttons do not respond
Test the push buttons (See “Push Return meter for service.
Button Test” on page 36). Are they
defective?
Every segment on the display is lit
IEEE-488 Interface does not
respond to the interface link
YES: Recharge battery
NO: Return meter for service.
Return meter for service.
Are the address in the interface
program and the address setting
on the DIP switches on the
interface module the same?
Change the program or DIP switch
setting so that the addresses are
the same (See “Dip Switch” on
page 12).
Send the “J0” self test command,
then check the status. Does the
power meter fail the self test?
Replace I/O hub PCB.
Is the IEEE cable defective?
Replace IEEE interface cable.
RS-232 Interface does not
Are the DIP switches set
respond to the interface link. Fails correctly?
J0 self-test command.
Is the RS-232 cable defective?
Replace RS-232 interface cable.
With the RS-232, the power meter Is DIP switch 2 set correctly?
displays “TALK” but does not
operate as expected.
For “talk/listen” operation, set this
switch to ON. For “talk always” set
this switch to OFF.
Is DIP switch 1 set correctly?
Set DIP switches.
Set DIP switch 1 as indicated in
Figure 12 on page 25.
Functional Test
1.
2.
3.
35
Turn the power meter off. The ON/OFF switch on the rear panel should be OFF and the ac power cable should
be connected.
Turn ON the ON/OFF switch on the rear panel of the meter.
While holding down the FWD and SWR push buttons, press the ON/OFF button on the front panel of the power
meter. Immediately release all three.
Maintenance
4.
5.
Note: The unit tests the display on power up cycling through and activating each segment two times and
then activating all segments at once two times.
The power meter’s model number and revision date should scroll across the display. If a dash “–” is displayed
instead, then the meter is malfunctioning.
The power sensor’s model number and revision date should scroll across the display. If a dash is displayed after
the power meter data, then the power sensor is malfunctioning.
Figure 16
Test Display, No Malfunction
Push Button Test
Note: If a push button is malfunctioning, return the power meter.
1. Disconnect the power sensor.
2. Turn the power meter ON.
Note: After the power up display disappears, a dash “–” should scroll across the display.
3. Turn the power meter OFF.
4. Connect the power sensor.
5. Turn the power meter ON.
Note: “AUTO” and “FWD” should be displayed, and a reading of “0.00 W” (or a very low number).
6. Press RFL.
Note: “FWD” should change to “RFL” on the display. The reading should remain the same.
7. Press SWR.
Note: “RFL” should change to “SWR”. “0.00 W” should change to “
” (underrange error).
8. Hold down MIN.
Note: “
” should change to “
” (overrange error).
” should change to “
”.
9. Release MIN.
Note: “
10. Press dBm.
Note: “SWR” should turn OFF and “dBm” should turn ON.
36
RF Power Meter Model 4421
11. Press dBm.
Note: “dBm” should change to “SWR”.
12. Press FWD.
Note: “SWR” should change to “FWD” and “ ” to “.0000 W” (or a very low number).
13. Hold down MAX.
Note: “.0000” should change to “1.0000”.
14. Release MAX.
Note: “1.0000” should change to “.0000” (or a very low number).
15. Press LIGHT.
Note: The back-light should turn on.
16. Press LIGHT.
Note: The back-light should turn off.
17. Press s (up).
Note: The power meter should change ranges each time it is pressed until it reaches “0.000 KW”.
18. Press t (down).
Note: The power meter should change ranges each time it is pressed until it reaches “0.00 W”.
19. Turn the power meter OFF.
Power Meter Repair
WARNING
To avoid personal injury, disconnect the power cord from the AC line before performing
any maintenance, including fuse replacement or changing the line voltage setting.
Replacing Fuses
WARNING
To avoid personal injury, disconnect the power cord from the ac line before performing
any maintenance, including fuse replacement.
CAUTION
Failure to install the properly rated fuse may result in equipment damage or nuisance
failures.
1. Gently pry the fuse drawer out of the AC module. The fuse holder does not detach from
the AC module. See Figure 17.
2. Install the replacement fuses then close and secure the fuse holder. Fuse 1 is a spare
fuse and fuse 2 is the active fuse.
37
AC Line Voltage
Fuse Rating
115 Vac
T630 mA, 5x20 mm Time Lag Fuse
Maintenance
230 Vac
Figure 17
T315 mA, 5x20 mm Time Lag Fuse
AC Line Fuse
38
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Replacing Batteries
There are two battery configurations in the 4421 Power Meter. In the larger case models (before 2016), the batteries are horizontally arranged, in units with a smaller case the batteries are vertically arranged in a battery assembly.
Replace Batteries (Older models)
WARNING
Exposed AC line voltage (115 VAC or 230 VAC). Disconnect the power cord from the AC
line before replacing the batteries. Failure to comply may result in severe electrical
shock or death.
WARNING
Use only Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries that have a minimum capacity of 4500
milliamper hours (mAh). Do not install batteries that are not Nickel Metal Hydride. Do
not install NiMH batteries that have less than 4500 mAh capacity. Failure to comply
may result in damage to the batteries, damage to the instrument, and injury to
personnel from battery chemicals.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Disconnect the AC power cord from the AC mains supply.
Remove the four screws that secure the top cover.
Lift the top cover to access the attached ground wire.
Disconnect the ground wire.
Remove the cover.
Unfasten the battery retaining belts (Figure 18).
Remove the battery tubes.
8.
9.
Note: Be sure to note the polarity and orientation of the battery tubes before removing them.
Remove the batteries from each tube.
Insert replacement batteries.
Note: Be sure to note the polarity (positive and negative) arrangement of the batteries.
10. Install the battery tubes into the unit and secure with the retaining belts.
Note: Be sure to position the retaining belts as they were before removal and tighten them securely.
11. Connect the ground wire to the top cover.
12. Install the top cover.
13. Secure top cover with the four screws removed earlier.
39
Maintenance
Figure 18
Batteries
Item
Description
1
Battery retaining belt
2
Battery tube (batteries
inside)
Replace Batteries (Newer Models)
WARNING
Exposed AC line voltage (115 VAC or 230 VAC). Disconnect the power cord from the AC
line before replacing the batteries. Failure to comply may result in severe electrical
shock or death.
WARNING
Use only Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries that have a minimum capacity of 4500
milliamper hours (mAh). Do not install batteries that are not Nickel Metal Hydride. Do
not install NiMH batteries that have less than 4500 mAh capacity. Failure to comply
may result in damage to the batteries, damage to the instrument, and injury to
personnel from battery chemicals.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect the AC power cord from the ac mains supply.
Remove the four screws that secure the top cover.
Lift the top cover to access the attached ground wire then disconnect the ground wire and remove the cover.
Remove two retaining screws securing the battery assembly. See Figure 19.
Disconnect battery assembly power supply connector.
40
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Figure 19
6.
7.
Lift the battery assembly out of the Power Meter.
Unfasten the battery retaining belts then remove the battery tubes (Figure 20). Be sure to note the polarity and
orientation of the battery tubes before removing them.
Figure 20
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
41
Battery Assembly Removal
Battery Assembly
Remove the batteries from each tube and insert replacement batteries. Be sure to note the polarity (positive and
negative) arrangement of the batteries.
Install the battery tubes into the battery assembly and secure with the retaining belts. Be sure to position the
retaining belts as they were before removal and tighten them securely.
Install battery assembly in the Power Meter. Align tabs on battery assembly with slots in Power Meter.
Install two screws to secure battery assembly to Power Meter.
Connect the battery assembly power supply connector to the main board.
Connect the ground wire to the top cover.
Maintenance
14. Install the top cover and secure it with the four screws removed earlier.
Long Term Storage
Do not store the instrument for long periods of time without recharging the batteries. When the instrument is stored
for long periods of time without use, the batteries will loose their charge and also loose the ability to reach full charge
when put into service. To restore the battery charge, perform a full charge for 28 hours. If the batteries are not fully
charged after 28 hours, completely discharge the batteries then perform a full charge again. If necessary, repeat this
discharge and charge cycle up to three times. If the batteries do not remain charged after three discharge-charge
cycles, replace the batteries.
Cal Cart Repair
It is recommended that you reference the specific cal cart manual for procedures tailored to each Cal Cart type.
Front Panel (Cal Cart only)
1.
2.
Note: If the power meter is mounted in a Cal Cart, to access the power sensor or the ac connections, it will
be necessary to remove the front panel of the Cal Cart.
Remove both screws on the front panel, between the RF connector and the handle.
Pull on the handle set into the base of the front panel to remove it.
Note: When making AC connections, refer to the following wiring diagram.
Cord Reel (Cal Cart only)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect the cord reel from the terminal strip.
Unscrew the AC connector.
Unscrew and remove the cord reel.
Screw the replacement cord reel into place.
Thread the AC connector through the grommet, and connect the wires on the other end to the terminal strip
(See Figure 21 on page 42).
Figure 21
Cal Cart Wiring Schematic
42
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Power Sensor (Cal Cart only)
WARNING
To avoid personal injury, disconnect the power cord from the AC line before performing
any maintenance, including fuse replacement or changing the line voltage setting.
WARNING
Never attempt to connect or disconnect RF equipment from the transmission line while RF
power is being applied. Leaking RF energy is a potential health hazard.
CAUTION
The Bird 4421 must be powered off when connecting or disconnecting the power
sensor from the power meter.
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
CAUTION
Due to the complexity of the Bird Power Sensor, field repairs beyond general
maintenance should not be attempted. Removal or disturbance of the power sensor
cover can result in cancellation of lifetime warranty.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Disconnect the RF line from the Cal Cart.
Remove the Cal Cart front panel (see "Front Panel (Cal Cart only)" on page 42).
Disconnect the sensor cable from the power sensor.
Disconnect the RF cable from the sensor output port.
Remove the screws on the sensor mounting bracket.
Remove the sensor from the mounting bracket.
Put the new sensor in the bracket and screw it into place.
Note: Make sure the arrow on the side of the sensor points towards the load, and that the end labeled “SOURCE” points towards
the front of the Cal Cart.
8. Connect the RF cable to the sensor end labeled “LOAD”. Connect the sensor cable.
9. Replace the Cal Cart front panel.
Load
WARNING
Heavy load. Do not attempt to lift unaided.
1. Disconnect all RF cables from the RF connectors on the load.
2. Unplug the blower assembly on blower-equipped loads.
3. Replace the vent plugs with the shipping plugs.
4. Remove the mounting bolts connecting the load to the Cal Cart.
5. Remove the load.
Casters (Cal Cart only)
1.
2.
3.
43
Remove the load (See "Load" on page 43).
Flip the cart over.
Unscrew the defective caster.
Maintenance
4. Screw the new caster into place and replace the load.
Handle (Cal Cart only)
1.
2.
3.
Unscrew the handle
Remove the old handle.
Screw the new handle into place.
Storage and Shipment (Cal Cart only)
Cover the unit before storing to keep out dust and dirt. It is not necessary to install the shipping plug. Store in a dry,
dust-free environment where the ambient temperature will remain between –20 and +50 °C (–4 to +122 °F).
Before shipping the Bird Cal Cart, take the following precautions:

Remove the vent plugs and replace them with the shipping plugs. Wrap the vent plugs with padding and
tape them to the side of the load for protection.
Note: With the shipping plugs installed, it is not necessary to empty out the coolant.

Repack in the original carton or contact Bird for a transit case.
44
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Specifications, Cal Cart
To determine the model numbers of the Cal Cart components, refer to specific cal cart manual. For load specifications,
refer to the load manual included.
Note: Certain sensors or connectors may be incompatible with some models. Refer to specific cal cart
manual for a list of available components, or contact Customer Service.
Max. Power
Under normal operating conditions, the Cal Cart’s maximum power is the MINIMUM of the max. power of the sensor and the max. power of the load. The following modifiers apply:



Above 65 MHz, derate the load’s max. power. See Figure 22, page 51.
Due to the wide variety of available connectors, frequency range and maximum power may be reduced. Insertion loss is specified with female N connectors. Choose connectors appropriate for the frequency and power of
operation.
Derate RF power by 2.5% for every 305m (1,000 ft.) above 1,520m (5,000 ft.).
Table 6-20
Frequency Range
Sensor dependent, 30 MHz max.
Power Range
Dependent on sensor, sensor connectors, and load
Connectors
Customer specified (See "Available Connectors" on page 52)
Dimensions
Short Cart
Long Cart
42”L x 20”W x 42”H (1067 x 508 x 1067 mm)
52”L x 20”W x 42”H (1321 x 508 x 1067 mm)
Weight, Nominal
Short Cart
Long Cart
175 lbs. (80 kg)
290 lbs. (114 kg)
Temperature Range
Operating
Storage
0 to +35 °C (32 to +95 °F)
– 20 to +70 °C (– 4 °F to +158 °F)
Altitude
1520 m (5000 ft.)
Humidity
85% noncondensing max
Calibration Cycle,
Nominal
1 year
CE
45
Bird Cal Cart
CE Compliant. Refer to Declaration of Conformity for specific
standards.
Maintenance
Specifications, 4421 RF Power Meter
Table 6-21
Bird 4421 RF Power Meter
Frequency Range
Sensor dependent
Power Range
Sensor dependent
VSWR Display
1.0 – 199.9 max
Return Loss Display
0 to 40 dB max
Display Accuracy
± 1 on least significant digit
AC Power
115 / 230 Vac @ 50 / 60 Hz; 60 W
Batteries
8 Nickel Metal Hydride 1.2 v cells, rechargeable
Battery Life
Approximately 8 hours continuous usage
(reduced after high temperature charging)
Battery Charger
Built-in battery charger. Drained batteries require
approximately 28 hours to recharge.
Display
LCD, 4½ digit display. Indicates mode, measurement units,
battery condition, remote status, and signal increase /
decrease. Self contained backlight.
Interfaces
IEEE-488 GPIB
RS-232
Fuse Rating
IEC (5 x 20 mm) Time Lag Type T
115 VAC
230 VAC
T630 mA
T315 mA
CE
CE Compliant. Refer to Declaration of Conformity for
specific standards.
Humidity
95% max. (noncondensing)
Altitude
Up to 10,000 feet (3,000 m)
Temperature Range
Operating
Storage
0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F)
–20 to +50 °C (–4 to +122 °F)
Dimensions
2016 and prior
2016 and newer
12.3”L x 12.2”W x 4.2”H (312 x 309 x 103 mm)
10.7”L x 12.2”W x 4.2”H (271 x 309 x 103 mm)
Weight, Nominal
9.5 lbs. (4.3 kg)
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
46
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Specifications, Power Sensors
Table 6-22
Specifications Common to all Sensors
Impedance, Nominal
50 ohms
Max. Allowable Terminating
VSWR
2.00:1
Calibration Technique
Frequency-specific calibration factors stored in
nonvolatile memory in each sensor.
Sensor output corrected for frequency and
temperature within specified ranges.
Calibration Cycle, Nominal
4027A and 4027F, 6 months
All other models, 1 year
Accuracy, Reflected
Calculated from FWD accuracy and FWD power
FWD PowerRFL Accuracy = FWD Accuracy + -------------------------------10 Directivity / 10
Accuracy, VSWR
Calculated from FWD and RFL power

P 
P  
VSWR =  1 + ------R-   1 – ------R-
P
P

F 
F
Sampling Rate, Nominal
2 readings / second
Operating Power
Supplied by power meter via sensor cable
Connectors
4028B10M
4028C10M
4028A Series
All other models
CE
CE Compliant. Refer to Declaration of Conformity
for specific standards.
Humidity, Max.
95% (noncondensing)
Altitude, Max.
10,000 feet (3,000 m)
Temperature Range
Operating
Storage
0 to 50 °C (32 to 122 °F)
–20 to +70 °C (–4 to +158 °F)
Dimensions
4028B3M, 4028B10M
4028A Series
All other models
6.75”L x 3.5”W x 4.75”H (175 x 89 x 121 mm)
4.7”L x 3.2”W x 3.8”H (120 x 82 x 97mm)
5.2”L x 2.5”W x 3.25”H (137 x 64 x 83 mm)
Weight, Nominal
4028B3M, 4028B10M,
4028C10M
5 lb. 2 oz. (2.33 kg)
4028A2M, 3M, 4M,
and 25M
3 lb. 5 oz. (1.5 kg)
All other models
47
1-5/8” EIA Flanged
3-1/8” EIA Flanged
7-16 DIN, LC, HN, or 7/8”
Customer specified from QC list, appropriate for
frequency and power.
10M,
1 lb. 13 oz. (0.8 kg)
Maintenance
Table 6-23
Bird 4020 Series RF Power Sensors
RF Power Range
4021, 4022
4024, 4025
Frequency Range
4021
4022
4024
4025
Accuracy, Fwd, Best Case†
VSWR, Max.
4021, 4024, 4025
4022
Insertion Loss, Max.
4021, 4024, 4025
4022
Directivity, Min.
4021
4022
4024
4025
300 mW – 1 kW
3 W – 10 kW
1.8 – 32 MHz
25 MHz – 1 GHz
1.5 – 32 MHz
100 kHz – 2.5 MHz
± 3% (1)
1.05:1
1.05:1, 25 – 512 MHz and 1.10:1, 512 MHz – 1 GHz
0.05 dB
0.05 dB, 25 – 512 MHz and 0.13 dB, 512 MHz – 1 GHz
30 dB
26 dB (28 dB typ), 400 – 1000 MHz
30 dB, 25 – 400 MHz
28 dB, 1.5 – 2.5 and 25 – 32 MHz and 30 dB, 2.5 – 25 MHz
28 dB, 100 – 125 kHz and 30 dB, 125 – 2500 kHz
†. For rated accuracy, no more than 1% AM; Harmonics –50 dBc or less
Derate accuracy by 3.0% (1) below 15 °C and above 35 °C
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
Table 6-24
Bird 4027A Series RF Power Sensors
Frequency Range
4027A250K
250 – 400 kHz
4027A400K
400 – 550 kHz
4027A800K
800 – 950 kHz
4027A2M
1.5 – 2.5 MHz
4027A4M
3 – 5 MHz
4027A10M
10 – 15 MHz
RF Power Range
4027A12M
300 mW – 1 kW
4027A25M
3 W – 9 kW
4027A35M
3 W – 7.5 kW
4027A60M
3 W – 6 kW
Accuracy, Fwd, Best Case†
Calibration Frequencies, Typical (MHz)††
4027A250K
0.25, 0.40
4027A400K
0.40
4027A800K
0.90
4027A2M
1.8, 2.0, 2.17
4027A4M
4.0, 5.0
4027A10M
10.0, 13.56, 15.0
Calibration Power, Typical
4027A12M
All other models
VSWR, Max.
Insertion Loss, Max.
4027A12M
4027A25M
4027A35M
4027A60M
4027A100M
4027A150M
10 – 15 MHz
25 – 30 MHz
35 – 45 MHz
45 – 65 MHz
95 – 105 MHz
150 – 170 MHz
4027A100M
4027A150M
All other models
3 W – 4 kW
3.75 W – 3.75 kW
3 W – 10 kW
± 1.0% (1)
4027A12M
4027A25M
4027A35M
4027A60M
4027A100M
4027A150M
10.0, 13.56, 15.0
25.76, 27.12, 28.48
40.68
55.0, 60.0
95.0, 100.0
162.0
700 W
1.7 kW
1.05:1
0.05 dB (with female “N” connectors)
48
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Directivity, Min.
4027A12M
All other models
30 dB
28 dB
†. For rated accuracy, no more than 1% AM; Harmonics –50 dBc or less
Derate accuracy by 1% (1) outside cal. power or cal. frequency
Derate accuracy by 1% (1) below 15 °C and above 35 °C
††.Other calibration frequencies available upon request
Table 6-25
Bird 4027F Series RF Power Sensors
Frequency Range
4027F2M
4027F10M
4027F60M
RF Power Range
4027F2M, 4027F10M
4027F60M
Accuracy, Fwd, Best Case
Calibration Frequencies,
Typical†
4027F2M
4027F10M
4027F60M
Calibration Power, Typical
Harmonic Rejection, Min.
4027F2M
4027F10M
4027F60M
Low Frequency Rejection, Min.
4027F10M
4027F60M
Max Error Induced by 10% AM
4027F2M, 4027F10M
4027F60M
VSWR, Max.
Insertion Loss, Max.
Directivity, Min.
1.8 – 2.2 MHz
12 – 15 MHz
57 – 63 MHz
0.1 – 10 kW
0.1 – 3 kW
± 1.0% (2)
1.8, 2.0, 2.17 MHz
12.0, 12.5, 13.56, 14.0, 15.0 MHz
57.0, 58.5, 60.0, 61.5, 63.0 MHz
1.7 kW
26 dB @ 3.6 – 3.8 MHz, 30 dB @ > 3.8 MHz
30 dB @ > 25 MHz
30 dB @ > 114 MHz
30 dB @ < 1 MHz
30 dB @ < 15 MHz
0.2% @ < 5 kW, 1.0% @ 5 – 10 kW
0.2% @ < 1.5 kW, 1.0% @ 1.5 – 3 kW
1.05:1
0.05 dB (with female “N” connectors)
28 dB
†. Other calibration frequencies available upon request
Table 6-26 Bird 4028A and 4028B Series RF Power Sensors
Frequency Range
4028A250K
4028A400K
4028A2M
4028A3M
4028A4M
4028A10M, 4028B10M,
4028C10M
4028A25M
4028B3M
RF Power Range
4028A250K, 4028A400K
4028C10M
All other models
Accuracy, Fwd, Best Case†
49
250 – 400 kHz
400 – 550 kHz
1.5 – 2.5 MHz
2.5 – 3.5 MHz
3.5 – 4.5 MHz
10 – 15 MHz
25 – 30 MHz
2.5 – 4 MHz
1 kW – 20 kW
500W – 50 kW
1 kW – 25 kW
± 2.0% (2)
Maintenance
Calibration Frequencies, Typical
(MHz)††
4028A250K
4028A400K
4028A2M
4028A3M
4028A4M
4028A10M, 4028B10M,
4028C10M
4028A25M
4028B3M
Calibration Power, Typical
VSWR, Max.
Insertion Loss, Max.
Directivity, Min.
0.25, 0.40
0.40
1.8, 2.0, 2.17
2.5, 3.2, 3.5
3.5, 4.0
10.0, 13.56, 15.0
25.76, 27.12, 28.48
2.5, 3.2, 3.5, 4.0
3.5 kW
1.05:1
0.05 dB (with female 7-16 DIN connectors)
28 dB
†. For rated accuracy, no more than 1% AM; Harmonics –50 dBc or less
Derate accuracy by 2% (2) outside cal. power or cal. frequency
Derate accuracy by 2% (2) below 15 °C and above 35 °C
††.Other calibration frequencies available upon request
Specifications, RS-232 Interface
Table 6-27
RS - 232 Interface
Logic Levels
Modes of Operation
Talk Always
Addressable
Connector
Humidity, Max
Altitude, Max
Temperature Range
Operating
Storage
Dimensions
Weight
Meets all EIA Standard RS-232-C specifications
Switch and bus selectable
Allows the 4421 to send to the bus keyboard-initiated
measurements only
Allows the 4421 to be commanded by an RS-232 interface controller
RS-232 Interface Type
95% (non-condensing)
10,000 feet (3,000 m)
0 to 50º C (32 to 122º F)
–20 to +50º C (–4 to +122º F)
6.5”L x 4.5” W (165 x 115 mm)
0.5 lbs (0.23 kg) nominal
Specifications, IEEE-488 GPIB Interface
Table 6-28
IEEE - 488 Interface
Logic Levels
Modes of Operation
Talk Only
Addressable
Connector
Humidity, Max
Altitude, Max
Temperature Range
Operating
Storage
Dimensions
Weight, Nominal
Meets all IEEE Standard 488-1978 specifications
Switch and bus selectable
Allows the 4421 to send to the bus keyboard-initiated measurements
only
Allows the 4422 to be addressed as talker or listener under the
command of an IEEE-488 bus controller
Standard IEEE-488 bus type
95% (non-condensing)
10,000 feet (3,000 m)
0 to 50º C (32 to 122º F)
–20 to +50º C (–4 to +122º F)
6.5”L x 4.5” W (165 x 115 mm)
0.5 lbs (0.23 kg)
50
RF Power Meter Model 4421
Figure 22
High Frequency Derating 1
Figure 23
High Frequency Derating 2
51
Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Table 6-29
Replacement Parts
Description
Qty
Part Number
Fuse, IEC (5 x 20 mm) Time Lag Type T
115 VAC, T630 mA
230 VAC, T315 mA
1
Cord, AC Power
115 VAC
230 VAC Harmonized
1
Plug, 115 VAC
1
5A2626
Cable, Sensor
1
4421-038
Grommet
1
4421A372-1
Cordreel (Cal Cart)
1
4421A383
Casters (Cal Cart)
4
4421A384
Handle (Cal Cart)
1
4421A385
Cable, IEEE-488
2m
1m
1
Cable, RS-232
10 ft.
5 ft.
1
Null Modem Kit (RS-232 only)
1
4380-250
Panel Mount Kit
1
4421-250
Battery, C size, NiMH
8
5A1230
5A2257-14
5A2257-11
5-1286
5A2416
5-1317-2
5-1317-1
5-1662-2
5-1662-1
Available Connectors
CAUTION
Changing the sensor’s connectors will invalidate calibration data, and may reduce the
maximum power rating of the unit.
Connector
P/N
HN (F)
4240-268
LC (F)
4240-031
BNC-Female
4240-125
BNC-Male
4240-132
C-Female
4240-100
C-Male
4240-110
HN-Female
4240-268
HN-Male
4240-278
52
RF Power Meter Model 4421
LC-Female
4240-031
LC-Male
4240-025
Open Term. # 10-32 Nut
4240-080
N (F)
4240-062
7/16 Jack, IEC Type 169-4
4240-344
LT-Female
4240-018
LT-Male
4240-012
N-Female
4240-062
N-Male
4240-063
SC-Female
4240-090
SMA-Female
4240-336
SMA-Male
4240-334
7/16 Jack, IEC Type 169-4
4240-344
7/16 Plug, IEC Type 169-4
4240-363
TRU 6934 (F)
4240-371
TRU 7958 (F)
4240-372
Mini UHF-Female
4240-346
UHF-Female
4240-050
UHF-Male
4240-179
1-5/8” EIA Fixed
4240-096
1-5/8” EIA Swivel
4240-208
7/8” EIA
4240-002
TNC-Female
4240-156
TNC-Male
4240-160
Customer Service
Any maintenance or service procedure beyond the scope of those in this chapter should be referred to a qualified
service center.
If you need to return the unit for any reason, request an RMA through the Bird Technologies website. All instruments returned must be shipped prepaid and to the attention of the RMA.
Bird Service Center
30303 Aurora Road
Cleveland (Solon), Ohio 44139-2794
Phone: (440) 519-2298
Fax: (440) 519-2326
E-mail: bsc@bird-technologies.com
For the location of the sales office nearest you, give us a call or visit our Web site at:
http://www.bird-technologies.com
53
Maintenance
54
Limited Warranty
All products manufactured by Seller are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a
period of one (1) year, unless otherwise specified, from date of shipment and to conform to applicable specifications, drawings, blueprints and/or samples. Seller’s sole obligation under these warranties shall be to issue credit,
repair or replace any item or part thereof which is proved to be other than as warranted; no allowance shall be
made for any labor charges of Buyer for replacement of parts, adjustment or repairs, or any other work, unless such
charges are authorized in advance by Seller.
If Seller’s products are claimed to be defective in material or workmanship or not to conform to specifications,
drawings, blueprints and/or samples, Seller shall, upon prompt notice thereof, either examine the products where
they are located or issue shipping instructions for return to Seller (transportation charges prepaid by Buyer). In the
event any of our products are proved to be other than as warranted, transportation costs (cheapest way) to and
from Seller’s plant, will be borne by Seller and reimbursement or credit will be made for amounts so expended by
Buyer. Every such claim for breach of these warranties shall be deemed to be waived by Buyer unless made in writing within ten days from the date of discovery of the defect.
The above warranties shall not extend to any products or parts thereof which have been subjected to any misuse or
neglect, damaged by accident, rendered defective by reason of improper installation or by the performance of
repairs or alterations outside of our plant, and shall not apply to any goods or parts thereof furnished by Buyer or
acquired from others at Buyer’s request and/or to Buyer’s specifications. Routine (regularly required) calibration is
not covered under this limited warranty. In addition, Seller’s warranties do not extend to the failure of tubes, transistors, fuses and batteries, or to other equipment and parts manufactured by others except to the extent of the
original manufacturer’s warranty to Seller.
The obligations under the foregoing warranties are limited to the precise terms thereof. These warranties provide
exclusive remedies, expressly in lieu of all other remedies including claims for special or consequential damages.
SELLER NEITHER MAKES NOR ASSUMES ANY OTHER WARRANTY WHATSOEVER, WHETHER EXPRESS, STATUTORY,
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, AND NO PERSON IS AUTHORIZED TO
ASSUME FOR SELLER ANY OBLIGATION OR LIABILITY NOT STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FOREGOING.
Special Lifetime Warranty - Series 4020, Series 4027A,
Series 4027F, and Series 4028 Power Sensor Head
In addition to its standard warranty, the Bird Electronic Corporation warrants its Series 4020, Series 4027A, Series
4027F, and Series 4028 Thruline Power Sensor Heads for lifetime to original purchaser. This extended warranty is
against burnout. For the warranty to apply, the Sensor Head must be used with the correct Bird Electronic Corporation Display Unit, the maximum power rating of the Sensor must not be exceeded, the Sensor RF circuit must be
properly terminated and the Sensor not subjected to physical abuse.
Bird Electronic Corporation, at its option, will repair or replace the defective Sensor at its world Headquarters at
30303 Aurora Road, Solon, Ohio 44139.
The customer is responsible to pay transportation charges to return the defective sensor to Bird.
55
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