CYCLADES™ ACS 6000 ADVANCED CONSOLE SERVER
COMMAND REFERENCE GUIDE
European Union Notification
WARNING: This is a class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case
the user may be required to take adequate measures.
USA Notification
WARNING: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his/her own expense.
Canadian Notification
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Japanese Notification
Korean Notification
Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Command Reference Guide
Emerson, Emerson Network Power and the Emerson Network Power logo are trademarks or service marks of Emerson Electric Co. Avocent, the
Avocent logo, Cyclades and DSView are trademarks or service marks of Avocent Corporation or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. All other
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Reproduction, disclosure, or use without specific authorization from Avocent Corporation is strictly prohibited. ©2012 Avocent Corporation. All rights
reserved.
NOTE: This document supports versions up to and including release 2.5.0.
590-770-501F
Symbols Used
NOTE: The following symbols may appear within the documentation or on the product.
Instructions
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Dangerous Voltage
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage
within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric
shock to persons.
Power On
This symbol indicates the principal on/off switch is in the on position.
Power Off
This symbol indicates the principal on/off switch is in the off position.
Protective Grounding Terminal
This symbol indicates a terminal which must be connected to earth ground prior to making any
other connections to the equipment.
Functional Earthing Terminal
This symbol indicates a terminal which serves the purpose of establishing chassis ground equal
potential.
ii
TA B LE OF C ON TE N TS
Introduction, Navigation and Commands
1
Access Options and How to Log Into the CLI
2
Configuration Tasks Performed With the CLI
2
CLI Navigation
3
Autocompletion
4
Parameters
4
Command Line Syntax
5
CLI Command Set
Commands Used for the CLI
7
7
help
7
add
8
delete
8
cd
8
pwd
9
connect
9
sniff
9
share
10
disconnect
10
exit/quit
10
ftp
10
scp
10
set
11
commit
11
revert
11
ls
11
show
12
list_configuration
12
cycle, on, off, lock and unlock
13
passwd
14
opiepasswd
14
wiz
14
Special Multi-session Commands
15
list_shared_session
15
kill_shared_session
15
sendmsg
15
show_databuf and show_appliance_databuf
15
iii Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
cleandbuf and clean_appliance_databuf
CLI Equivalent Actions to Web Manager Checkbox Selection
Port Access and Configuration Examples
16
16
19
View Information About the Console Server and Connected Devices
19
Connect to a Device Console Connected to a Serial Port
21
Accessing Serial Ports using ts_menu
21
Manage Power for a Device Connected to an Outlet on a PDU
22
Port Configuration Examples
22
CLI Overview for Administrators
25
System
25
System/Security
25
System/Date and Time
26
System/Help and Language
27
System/General
27
System/Boot Configuration
28
System/Information
28
System/Usage
28
Network
28
Network/Settings
29
Network/IPv4 and IPv6
29
Network/Devices
29
Network/Hosts
30
Network/Firewall
32
Network/IPSec(VPN)
32
Network/SNMP
32
Wiz command
33
Ports
34
Auxiliary ports
36
Pluggable Devices
37
Authentication
37
Users
37
Events_and_Logs
38
Power Management
39
Active Sessions Information
40
Appendices
41
Appendix A: Enabling Firmware Upgrades When the Boot Image is not in Flash
41
Appendix B: Migration CLI
42
Access rights
42
Table of Contents iv
Exceptions
Appendix C: Su and Sudo Commands
42
45
Su command
45
Sudo command
45
Appendix D: Technical Support
47
v Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
1
1
Introduction, Navigation and Commands
The Cyclades™ ACS 6000 advanced console server is a 1U appliance that serves as a single point for access and
administration of connected devices, such as target device consoles, modems and power devices. Console servers
support secure remote data center management and out-of-band management of IT assets from any location
worldwide.
On console servers, administration can be performed and connected devices can be accessed with the Command
Line Interface (CLI) utility, with the web manager or with DSView™ 3 management software (version 3.5.1 and
greater). Multiple users and administrators can be logged into the console server and connected to ports at the same
time.
This guide describes how to access and navigate the CLI utility and how to use it after the console server has been
installed and assigned an IP address. For information on how to install or operate your console server using the web
manager, see the Cyclades ACS 6000 Installation/Administration/User Guide.
The console ports of servers, external modems or power distribution units (PDUs) can be connected to serial ports
on the console server. Supported PDUs include Avocent PM1000/2000/3000s, Cyclades PM IPDUs, Avocent SPC
power devices and Server Technology CDUs. Either a PDU or an external modem can be connected to the
AUX/Modem port if the port is not factory-configured for an internal modem.
Console server ports are shown in the following figure, and descriptions are listed in Table 1.1.
Figure 1.1: Console Server Ports
Table 1.1: Console Server Port Descriptions
Number
Description
1
Serial Port 1.
Serial ports are also referred to with tty device names, such as ttSy1, ttyS2 and so forth.
2
Eth1 (eth1)
2 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Number
Description
3
Eth0 (eth0)
4
AUX/Modem Port (ttyM1 or ttyA1).
If an internal modem is ordered and factory installed, this port is configured internally as a modem port. If an internal
modem is not installed, the port is configured as an auxiliary port, and a PDU or an external modem can be
connected to it. The figure shows an external modem connected.
5
Console Port
Access Options and How to Log Into the CLI
The CLI utility can be accessed in the following ways:
•
Through a local terminal or a computer that has a terminal emulation program connected to the console port
of the console server with session settings of 9600, 8, N and 1, with no flow control.
•
After the console server is connected to the network and has an IP address, it can be accessed by one of the
following methods:
•
An SSH or Telnet client on a remote computer (if the SSH or Telnet protocol is enabled in the selected
Security Profile)
•
With the Web Manager - Overview - Appliance Session button
•
With DSView 3 management software
NOTE: For details on the remote access methods and IP address configuration options, see the Cyclades ACS 6000
Installation/Administration/User Guide.
Administrators have full access to the CLI and to connected devices. An administrator can authorize regular users
to access ports, manage power, manage data buffer storage and use one or more console server administration
tools. Users can always change their own passwords.
To start the CLI:
1.
Access the CLI through the console port, with Telnet, SSH or through the web manager.
2.
Enter the username and password at the prompt. The cli-> prompt appears.
Welcome to ACS6000 <host name>.
Type help for more information
--:- / cli->
NOTE: The default password for admin is avocent and for root is linux. The password for these users may have been changed
during installation of the console server. If not, change the default root and admin passwords to avoid potential security breaches.
Configuration Tasks Performed With the CLI
NOTE: This manual provides some configuration procedures as examples of how to use the CLI; an administrator who wants to use
the CLI for configuration should reference the installation/administration/user guide for more information.
The navigation structure of the CLI mirrors that of the web manager. Options and parameters are also the same,
except that spaces in web manager options and parameters are replaced with underscores (_), as in: system_tools.
Chapter 1: Introduction, Navigation and Commands
3
Examples that show how to select an option in the web manager use a dash surrounded by two spaces ( - ). In
the CLI, two similar options in a path are separated by a forward slash (/).
For example, in the web manager, user configuration is done when an administrator selects - Users - Local
Accounts - User Names to get to the User Names screen. To navigate to the equivalent configuration level in the
CLI, an administrator would use the cd command followed by the path: cd /users/local_accounts/user_
names.
Administrators should log into the CLI in one window and log into the web manager in another window to see
how the menu options in the web manager map to the navigation options in the CLI. Configuration with the CLI
also requires mastery of the following information on CLI navigation and of the CLI commands shown in
Chapter 2.
CLI Navigation
The CLI navigation options are in a nested tree configuration.
NOTE: When a command line is shown in an example, and the step starts with “Enter,” or when a syntax example is given, the user
should type the command as shown and then press Enter. The Enter key is not shown in command line examples unless needed for
clarity.
When a user logs in the CLI, the prompt indicates the user is at the / level.
--:- / cli->
No parameters can be set at this level of the navigation tree.
At any CLI prompt at any level, if you type cd and press Tab Tab, the navigation options (path elements) for
that level are listed. Different options appear for administrators and for authorized users.
•
When an administrator types the cd command and then presses Tab Tab at the / prompt, the following
navigation options (path elements) appear.
--:- / cli-> cd<Tab><Tab>
access/
monitoring/
active_sessions/
network/
system/
system_tools/
authentication/
pluggable_devices/
change_password/
ports/
events_and_logs/
power_management/
users/
When a regular user types the cd command and then presses Tab Tab at the / prompt, the following navigation
options appear.
--:- / cli-> cd<Tab><Tab>
access/ power_management/
Enter cd <one_or_more_path_elements> to move down one or more levels of the navigation tree:
--:- / cli-> cd system_tools
A prompt like the following appears at each level:
--:- system_tools cli->
NOTE: CLI commands are case sensitive.
4 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
At any level, you can press Tab Tab at the prompt to see the commands that can be entered at the current level.
---:- system_tools cli-><Tab><Tab>
batch_mode ls scp
cd opiepasswd shell
commit passwd show
echo pwd shutdown
exit quit upgrade_firmware
ftp reboot whoami
help restore_configuration wiz
hostname revert
list_configuration save_configuration
---:- system_tools cli->
If you know the path, you can enter multiple path elements in a single command separated with forward slashes
(/).
--:- / cli-> cd ports/serial_ports/
--:- serial ports cli->
Enter cd .. to move up one level of the navigation tree. Enter cd ../..[/..] to move up multiple levels.
--:- serial ports cli-> cd ../..
--:- / cli->
Autocompletion
Autocompletion allows you to type the first few letters of a command or navigation option and then press Tab.
The rest of the name is filled in automatically if the letters typed are unique to one command or to a navigation
option at that level. If the letters match more than one of the commands or navigation options for that level, the
matching options are listed.
For example, if you type cd acc and press Tab at the CLI prompt from the / level, the access option will be
completed.
--:- / cli-> cd acc<Tab>
--:- / cli-> cd access
If you then press Enter, you are changed to the access level, and the access level prompt appears.
--:- access cli->
The following example illustrates a case when more than one command matches the letters typed.
--:- / cli-> sh<Tab>
shell show
Parameters
Some CLI commands take parameters. If you press Tab Tab after a command that requires a parameter, you are
prompted to enter the parameter.
Chapter 1: Introduction, Navigation and Commands
Command Line Syntax
NOTE: Square brackets ([ ]) denote an optional element. Each element is separated by a space. There are no spaces between subelements.
Command only (help, pwd):
--:- <current_level> cli-> <command>
Commands with paths only (cd, ls, add):
--:- <current_level> cli-> <command> [Path]
Commands with targets (del):
--:- <current_level> cli-> <command> [Path] <Targets>
Commands that require parameters (set):
--:- <current_level> cli-> <command> [Path] <Params>
Commands with values only (sendmsg, ftp...):
--:- <current_level> cli-> <command> [Path] <Values>
where:
Path := path_elem[/path_elem]*
path_elem := . | .. | Section_Label | ^/
Targets := Row_Label(,Row_Label)
Params := Param_Names=PValues
Param_Names := Param_Label(:Param_Label)*
PValues := Value_text(,Value_text)*
Values := Value_text Value_text
Section_Label
Param_Label
Value_text := labels or data from the UIC.
Syntax used:
^ : beginning of the element
* : 0 - many
| : or
() : group
5
6 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
7
2
CLI Command Set
Commands Used for the CLI
This chapter describes the general commands used when accessing the console server with the command line
interface.
NOTE: Most of the commands work from any location when the path to the command parameter is included.
NOTE: The word “node” refers to an entity such as a route, host or user, which can be added, configured or deleted.
help
Generate a help message about how to navigate the CLI.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> help
- Thank you for using the cli -
This interface allows you to easily modify configurations
to customize and define the functionality of your unit.
Press <tab> <tab> to see the list of available commands.
Please refer to the Reference Guide for a description of
commands, special keys and additional information on how to
use this interface.
Some basic and useful keys are:
up/down arrow - navigates up/down in the command history
tab (once/twice) - shows the next possible option(s)
Other hints:
Use backslash '\' to escape spaces, '\' and other control
characters when assigning values to parameters.
8 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
add
Add a node.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> add <Path>
Example:
--:- / cli-> add network/hosts
--:#- [hosts] cli->
delete
Delete a node.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> delete <Path> <parameter>
cd
Change directory (level).
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> cd <Path>
Example:
--:- / cli-> cd access
Displays the following:
--:- access cli->
Example:
--:- access cli-> cd ..
-or--:- access cli-> cd ../
Moves up one directory level and displays the following:
--:- / cli->
Example:
--:- access cli-> cd /
Moves to the top level and displays the following:
--:- / cli->
Example:
--:- access cli-> cd /information
Displays the following:
--:- information cli->
Chapter 2: CLI Command Set
pwd
Display the path to the current level (print working directory).
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> pwd
connect
Connect to a serial port.
Syntax:
--:- access cli-> connect <port_name>
Example:
--:- access cli-> connect 77-77-70-p-2
-or(Optional) From the default directory:
--:- / cli-> connect access/77-77-70-p-2
Displays the following:
Password:
-orType the hotkey to suspend the connection:
Ctrl + z
NOTE: The connect, sniff and share commands allow you to connect to serial ports. These commands require authentication when
single sign-on is disabled, so the password must be entered to authenticate the user in the authentication type configured for the serial
port. If single sign-on is enabled or the user has already been authenticated, the session is opened.
sniff
Connect to a serial port as an additional, view-only user.
Syntax:
--:- access cli-> sniff <port_name>
Example:
--:- access cli-> sniff 77-77-70-p-2
Displays the following:
Password:
-orType the hotkey to suspend the connection:
Ctrl + z
9
10 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
share
Connect to a serial port as an additional, read/write user.
Syntax:
--:- access cli-> share <port_name>
Example:
--:- access cli-> share 77-77-70-p-2
Displays the following:
Password:
-orType the hotkey to suspend the connection:
Ctrl + z
disconnect
Use the text session hot key to suspend the target session and return to the CLI.
Syntax:
Ctrl+z
exit/quit
Exit the CLI and return to the login prompt.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> exit
-or--:- / cli-> quit
ftp
Connect to a remote FTP server.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> ftp [<server_IP_address>|<hostname>]
NOTE: You must log into the CLI as root to have full control over the local directory path. All normal FTP commands apply.
scp
Perform a secure shell copy.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> scp [[user@]host1:]file1 [...] [[user@]host2:]file2
Chapter 2: CLI Command Set
11
set
Set a parameter.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> set <Path> <Parameter>=<Value>
After a parameter has been changed using the set command, a pair of asterisks appear at the beginning of the CLI
prompt.
**:- / cli->
Save the change:
**:- / cli-> commit
-orUndo the change:
**:- / cli-> revert
NOTE: After a commit or revert command, the asterisks at the beginning of the CLI prompt are replaced by hyphens. Asterisks will
not appear after the execution of the set command if using wizard mode, which can be recognized by a prompt that has a pound sign
after the colon and the current directory in square brackets (example, --:#- [hosts] cli->).
commit
Save settings.
Syntax:
**:- settings cli-> commit
revert
Undo a previous parameter setting.
Syntax:
**:- / cli-> revert
ls
Show the available directories or subnodes at the current location.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> ls
Example:
--:- / cli-> ls authentication
appliance_authentication/
authentication_servers/
--:- / cli->
12 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
show
Show the content of the current location (shows tables and parameters with current values).
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> show
Example:
--:- language cli-> show
appliance_languate = english
--:- / cli->
list_configuration
List the configuration in a format that allows pasting the output directly on the appliance session (console, SSH
or Telnet) in order to (re)configure the unit.
All configurable parameters are listed under the current node. When the parameter is not configured, the
parameter name has the number sign character (#) as its prefix.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> list_configuration
Example:
.list configuration of network device eth0:
--:- cli-> cd network/devices/eth0
--:- eth0 cli-> list_configuration
echo off
cd /network/devices/eth0
batch_mode
set status=enabled
set ipv4_method=dhcp
#set ipv4_method=static #ipv4_address=192.168.160.10 #ipv4_mask=255.255.255.0
#set ipv4_method=ipv4_address_unconfigured
#set ipv6_method=stateless
#set ipv6_method=dhcpv6
#set ipv6_method=static #ipv6_address= #ipv6_prefix_length=
set ipv6_method=ipv6_address_unconfigured
set mode=auto
submit
echo on
commit
--:- eth0 cli->
Chapter 2: CLI Command Set
13
NOTE: Check the configuration of the program used to open a session against the appliance (SSH/Telnet, TeraTerm /
HypertTerminal for console, and so on) to avoid the inclusion of a line feed character in lines that exceed terminal width, because this
will affect the past operation.
cycle, on, off, lock and unlock
Control power on outlets on a PDU that is either connected to a serial port or to the AUX/Modem port when the
port is enabled and configured with the Power Profile.
NOTE: Lock and unlock commands are only supported on Cyclades and Avocent PDUs.
To power control (on, off, cycle) all outlets of PDUs or outlets merged to a target (serial port
configured as CAS profile with merged outlets):
1.
Go to the access level.
--:- / cli-> cd/access
2.
Launch the power command with the argument being the target name or PDU ID.
--:- access cli-> [cycle|on|off][<PDU_ID>]|<target name>]
To power control (on, off, cycle) outlets of one specific PDU:
1.
Go to the PDU level under access.
--:- / cli-> cd access/<PDU_ID>
2.
Launch the power command with a specific outlet (number or name), range of outlets (use a hyphen to
specify the range) or list of outlets (number or name separated by a comma).
--:- <PDU_ID> cli-> [cycle|on|off][<outlet name>|<outlet number>]
-or--:- <PDU_ID> cli-> [cycle|on|off]<outlet number>-<outlet number]
-or--:- <PDU_ID> cli-> [cycle|on|off]<outlet number>,<outlet number>
To power control (on, off, cycle, lock, unlock) outlets of one specific PDU under the power
management level:
1.
Go to the outlet level for the specific PDU.
--:- / cli-> cd power_management/pdus/<PDU_ID>/outlets
2.
Launch the power command with a specific outlet number, range of outlets (use a hyphen to specify the
range) or list of outlets (number or name separated by a comma).
--:- outlets cli-> [cycle|on|off] [<outlet number>]
-or--:- outlets cli-> [cycle|on|off] <outlet number>-<outlet number]
-or--:- outlets cli-> [cycle|on|off] <outlet number>,<outlet number>
14 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
passwd
Configure the password for the current user. The terminal does not echo the password.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> passwd
opiepasswd
Configure a one time password (OTP) for the local user. After you type the command, you will be asked for the
pass phrase to use for the OTP.
NOTE: Use this command to restart the sequence number.
Syntax:
--:- / cli-> opiepasswd -f -c <username>
Example:
opiepasswd -f -c teste
Adding teste:
Only use this method from the console; NEVER from remote. If you are using telnet, xterm,
or a dial-in, type ^C now or exit with no password.
Then run opiepasswd without the -c parameter.
Using MD5 to compute responses.
Enter new secret pass phrase:
Again new secret pass phrase:
ID teste OTP key is 499 AC0241
FOOD HUGH SKI ALMA LURK BRAD
wiz
Configures the IP parameters for the Eth0 interface. Shows the current configuration and asks for new values for
the following parameters:
•
Status of the interface (enabled or disabled)
•
IPv4 method (dhcp or static)
•
IPv6 method (dhcp or static)
•
IP address, mask and gateway (if static is chosen for either of the previous parameters)
•
DNS Primary Server, Secondary Server, Domain Name and Hostname
•
Enable or disable IPv6 support
After setting all parameters, confirm that all parameters are correct to save them.
Chapter 2: CLI Command Set
Special Multi-session Commands
The following commands require navigation to an enabled and configured port to which one or more users are
simultaneously connected. To get to the port, enter the following command.
--:- / cli-> cd access/<serial_port_ID>
list_shared_session
List the users connected to the shared serial port.
Syntax:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> list_shared_session
kill_shared_session
Terminate the connection of a user on the port. The user is returned to the cli-> prompt.
Syntax:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> kill_shared_session <username>
Example:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> kill_shared_session admin@139
sendmsg
Send a message to a user connected to the port.
Syntax:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> sendmsg <username> <message>
Example:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> sendmsg admin@139 You are being terminated.
show_databuf and show_appliance_databuf
View the data buffer files for the port. Data buffering must be enabled in the CAS Profile for the port and the
user must be authorized for data buffer management.
Syntax:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> show_databuf
View the data logging for the appliance. Appliance Session Data logging must be enabled in Events and
Logs/Appliance Logging
Syntax:
--:- / cli -> show_appliance_databuf
The following commands are available for show data buffering:
•
Return - Scroll forward one line.
15
16 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
•
Ctrl + F - Scroll forward one window.
•
Ctrl + B - Scroll backward one window.
•
/pattern - Search foward in the file for the first line containing the pattern.
•
?pattern - Search backward in the file for the first line containing the pattern.
•
n - Repeat the search.
•
q - Quit.
cleandbuf and clean_appliance_databuf
Clear the data buffer. Data buffering must be enabled in the CAS Profile or the port and the user must be
authorized for data buffer management.
Syntax:
--:- <serial_port_ID> cli-> cleandbuf
Clear the data logging for the appliance. Appliance Session Data logging must be enabled in Events and
Logs/Appliance Logging
Syntax:
--:- / cli -> clean_appliance_dbuf
CLI Equivalent Actions to Web Manager Checkbox Selection
NOTE: The following example procedure, which configures IPv6, illustrates the actions to use in the CLI to enable or disable an option
when a checkbox would be selected or deselected in the web manager. The sub-parameters will be available after the option is
enabled.
To configure IPv6 (example of how to perform the equivalent of web manager checkbox
selection/deselection):
1.
Log into the CLI and enter cd network/settings.
--:- / cli-> cd network/settings
2.
Enter show to view the status of IPv6 configuration.
--:- settings cli-> show
hostname = ACS6048
primary_dns = 110.126.129.4
secondary_dns =
domain = corp.tst.com
enable_ipv6 = no
enable_bonding = no
enable_ipv4_multiple_routing_tables = no
3.
Type set enable_ipv6= and press Tab to view the options for the parameter.
--:- ipv6 cli-> set enable_ipv6=<Tab>
no yes
4.
Enter set enable_ipv6=no to disable IPv6.
Chapter 2: CLI Command Set
--:- ipv6 cli-> set enable_ipv6=no
-orEnter set enable_ipv6=yes to enable IPv6.
--:- ipv6 cli-> set enable_ipv6=yes
5.
(Optional) Enter either of the following commands to enable subparameters.
**:- ipv6 cli-> set get_dns_from_dhcpv6=yes
**:- ipv6 cli-> set get_domain_from_dhcpv6=yes
6.
Enter show to verify the change.
**:- settings cli-> show
hostname = ACS6048
primary_dns = 110.126.129.4
secondary_dns =
domain = corp.tst.com
enable_ipv6 = yes
get_dns_from_dhcpv6 = no
get_domain_from_dhcpv6 = no
enable_bonding = no
7.
Enter commit.
17
18 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
19
Port Access and Configuration Examples
3
By default, all serial ports and the AUX/Modem port are disabled. An administrator must enable and configure the
ports before anyone can use them. Configuration of ports differs based on the type of connected device, which can
be either a device console, a PDU or modem.
By default, all users can access all enabled and configured ports. The administrator must decide whether to restrict
user access to ports by the assignment of authorizations to user groups. A user who is in an authorized group is
referred to as an authorized user.
Some port configuration tasks are provided as examples of how to use the CLI. See the Cyclades ACS 6000
Installation/Administration/User Guide for an overview of the tasks the administrator must do to configure
restricted access to ports. For more information about how to follow the web manager procedures in the CLI, see
Configuration Tasks Performed With the CLI on page 2.
This section describes the following tasks related to port access, configuration, power management and where the
tasks are performed in the CLI.
Table 3.1: Port Access and Configuration Tasks
Task
Where Performed
View information about the console server and the
connected devices
access show
Authorized users access enabled on configured ports
access connect
Authorized users manage power on outlets
access/<PDU_ID>/outlets -or- power_
management/PDUs/<PDU_ID>/outlet_table
Administrators configure ports connected to the
consoles of devices
ports See Chapter 3 for all Ports options.
View Information About the Console Server and Connected
Devices
When a regular user or an administrator enters show at the Access level, information about the following appears
in the format shown in Table 3.2.
•
The console server
•
The AUX/Modem port (if it is enabled and configured with the Power Profile)
•
The serial ports that user is authorized to access (if they are configured with the CAS or Power Profile)
Table 3.2: Access Parameters
Field
Description
For Appliance
Name
Name assigned to the appliance (for example, ACS6048-1357908642)
Port
N/A
20 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Field
Description
Type
N/A
Status
N/A
For Serial Port
Name
Either the default name [XX- XX- XX-p- n (where n=port_number)], an administrator-assigned alias or an autodiscovered server name
Port
Number of the serial port
Type
Serial
Status
Idle / In-Use
For Power
Name
PDU ID (either the default name in the format XX- XX- XXPXX_n or an administrator-assigned alias, such as
myPDU)
Port
Number of the serial port/position on the chain
Type
PDU model
Status
Number of Outlets ON | Total outlets
For
Enter cd <PDU_ID>/outlets and enter show to see list of outlets and the actions that can be taken (commands that
Outlets can be executed) for each outlet as shown below.
Name
Either the default XX- XX- XXPXX_n_n or an administrator-assigned name
Port
PDU outlet number
Type
Outlet
Status
ON / OFF
Action
None
To view information about the console server and connected devices:
1.
Log into the CLI and enter cd access to change to the Access level.
--:- / cli-> cd access
2.
Enter show. Information about the console server and the ports the current user is authorized to access
appears.
--:- access cli-> show
Name Port Type Status
=====================================
ACS6016-0011223344
21-67-72-p-1 1 serial in-use
21-67-72-p-2 2 serial idle
21-67-72-p-4 4 serial idle
myPDU 3|1 PM8|15A 8|8
Type ls to see available sub-nodes
--:- access cli->ls
ACS6016-0011223344/
21-67-72-p-1/
21-67-72-p-2/
21-67-72-p-4/
myPDU/
Chapter 3: Port Access and Configuration Examples
21
Type show to see the content of the page
--:- access cli->
Connect to a Device Console Connected to a Serial Port
The following procedure is an example of how an administrator or an authorized user can connect to a device
console when the device is connected to a port that is enabled and configured with the CAS Profile.
To connect to a device console connected to a serial port:
NOTE: The serial port must already be configured and enabled prior to this procedure. See Port Configuration Examples on page
22.
1.
Log into the CLI and enter cd access to navigate to the Access level.
--:- / cli-> cd access
--:- access cli->
2.
Enter connect <serial_port_name>. If authentication is configured for the port, the Password prompt appears
when single sign-on is disabled.
--:- access cli-> connect 77-77-70-p-2
password:
NOTE: The connect command above shows a connection to a port that has an alias of 77-77-70-p-2.
3.
If prompted, enter the password for the port. The following prompt appears.
Type the hot key to suspend the connection: <CTRL>z
4.
Press Enter to continue. You are connected to the device that is connected to the port. The window shows
the initial display for the device (usually a console banner and login prompt). An example is shown below.
Ubuntu 6.06.1 LTS fremont-techpubs ttyS2
fremont-techpubs login: fred
Password:
Last login: Tue Oct 2 13:09:04 2007 on :0
Linux fremont-techpubs 2.6.15-28-386 #1 PREEMPT Wed Jul 18 22:50:32 UTC 2007 i68
6 GNU/Linux
#
Accessing Serial Ports using ts_menu
The ts_menu is an application to facilitate connection to the serial ports. It displays a menu showing the server
names connected to the serial ports of the console server. You must configure the login profile for the group that
the users belong to as ts_menu.
22 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
ts_menu options
-u <user> [-l] [-ro] <console port>
Table 3.3: ts_menu Parameters
Parameter
Description
-u
<user>
Invokes ts_menu as the user named by <user>. This requires a password to be entered. The user only has
access to authorized serial ports.
-l
Generates a list of ports the user can access. Port aliases are shown if defined.
-ro
Invokes ts_menu in read-only mode. You may connect in read-only mode to any port you have access to.
<console If issued, produces a direct connection to that port. If you have no access rights to the port or if the port does
not exist, the application returns a console not found message and terminates. The console port may be the
port>
port alias or the port number.
-p
Display TCP port.
-i
Display Local IP assigned to the serial port.
-u
<name>
Username to be used in SSH/Telnet or Raw command.
-e <[^]
Escape character used to close the target session. The default escape character is Ctrl-X.
char>
To close the target session:
1.
Enter the escape character shown when you connect to the port.
2.
The menu with ports is displayed.
3.
Select the exit option to return to the shell prompt.
Manage Power for a Device Connected to an Outlet on a PDU
See cycle, on, off, lock and unlock on page 13 for how an authorized user can manage power on PDU outlets
when the PDU is connected to an enabled port configured with the Power Profile and the PDU is connected to
the network and added to the appliance as Network PDU.
Port Configuration Examples
The following examples show how an administrator can configure a port when a device console is connected,
assign the CAS profile, configure a port that is connected to a PDU and assign the Power Profile.
To set up a console access service (CAS) port:
1.
Log onto the CLI as an administrator.
--:- / cli->
2.
Enter set_cas ports/serial_ports/ followed by a space and the number of the port you want to configure
(port 1 is used as an example).
--:- / cli-> set_cas ports/serial_ports/ 1
3.
Enter show to view the status of port 1.
Selected items: 1
Port: 1
Chapter 3: Port Access and Configuration Examples
23
enable_cisco_rj45_pin-out = no
status = enabled
speed = 9600
parity = none
data_bits = 8
stop_bits = 1
flow_control = none
Type ls to see available sub-nodes.
--:#- [serial_ports/physical] cli->ls
cas/
data_buffering/
alerts/
power/
Type show to see the content of the page.
--:#- [serial_ports/physical] cli->
4.
Enter set status=enabled, then enter show and save as shown to enable the configured port and verify
and save the configuration.
--:- serial_ports/physical cli-> set status=enabled
--:- serial_ports/physical cli-> show
--:- serial_ports/physical cli-> save
To enable a power management port:
1.
Log onto the CLI as an administrator and enter set_power ports/serial_ports/ <port number> to select a
port with a PDU connected (port 3 is used as an example).
--:- / cli-> set_power ports/serial_ports/ 3
2.
Enter show to view the configuration of port 3.
--:- serial_ports/physical cli-> show
Selected items: 3
Port: 3
enable_cisco_rj45_pin-out = no
status = enabled
speed = 9600
parity = none
data_bits = 8
stop_bits = 1
flow_control = none
24 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Type ls to see available sub-nodes
--:- serial_ports/physical cli->
3.
Enter set status=enabled then enter save to set the Serial_Profile to Power, enable the port and commit
the changes.
4.
Enter show to verify the configuration.
--:- serial_ports cli-> show
Port Device Name Profile Settings
==== ====== ================== ======= =========================
1 ttys1 ACS6016-0088664422 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
2 ttys2 21-67-72-p-2 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
3 ttys3 power cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
4 ttys4 21-67-72-p-4 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
5 ttys5 21-67-72-p-5 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
6 ttys6 21-67-72-p-6 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
7 ttys7 21-67-72-p-7 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
8 ttys8 21-67-72-p-8 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
9 ttys9 21-67-72-p-9 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
10 ttys10 21-67-72-p-10 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
11 ttys11 21-67-72-p-11 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
12 ttys12 21-67-72-p-12 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
13 ttys13 21-67-72-p-13 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
14 ttys14 21-67-72-p-14 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
15 ttys15 21-67-72-p-15 cas 9600_8N1_telnet-ssh_local
16 ttys16 dial-in 38400
Type ls to see available sub-nodes
25
CLI Overview for Administrators
4
This chapter describes using the Command Line Interface (CLI) for administrators. Only administrators and
authorized users can access the commands listed in this chapter. These procedures assume you have logged into the
CLI as an administrator and are at the --:- / cli-> prompt.
NOTE: In the tables that show output from the show command, when an option that is followed by an equal sign (=) is left blank, that
option is not assigned a value by default.
System
1.
Enter cd system to navigate to the System level.
--:- / cli-> cd system
2.
Enter ls to view the available options.
--:- system cli-> ls
security/
date_and_time/
help_and_language/
general/
boot_configuration/
information/
usage/
3.
Enter show followed by an option name to view information about each option.
--:- security cli-> show security_profile
System/Security
Enter cd security to navigate to the security level.
--:- / cli-> cd system/security
Table 4.1: System/Security Options
System Navigation Tree
security_profile
idle_timeout=
26 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
System Navigation Tree
port_acess_per_user_group_authorization=
rpc=
bootp_enabled=
bootp_interface=
enable_live_configuration_retrieval=
security_profile=
enable_telnet_service=
enable_ftp_service=
enable_snmp_service=
enable_ipsec=
answer_icmp_message=
ssh_version=
ssh_tcp_port=
ssh_allow_root_access=
enable_http_session=
http_port=
enable_https_session
https_ssl_version=
https_port=
https_minimum_cipher_suite_level=
redirect_http|https=
dsview
all_appliance_to_be_managed_by_dsview=
fips_140
enable_fips_140-2_module=
System/Date and Time
Enter cd system/date_and_time to navigate to the date_and_time level.
--:- / cli-> cd system/date_and_time
Table 4.2: Date and Time Options
Date and Time Navigation Tree
date_and_time
date_and_time
settings=
day=
hour=
minute=
month=
second=
year=
time_zone=
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
27
System/Help and Language
Enter cd system/help_and_language to navigate to the online_help level.
--:- / cli-> cd system/help_and_language
To set the online help URL:
Perform this procedure if you have downloaded the online help files to a web server that is accessible to the
console server.
1.
Enter the following command.
--:- / cli> cd system/help_and_language/
2.
Enter the following command.
--:- help_and_language cli> set url=<online_help_location>
A line similar to the following appears.
**:- help_and_language cli>
3.
Save your settings.
**:- help_and_language cli> commit.
Table 4.3: Help and Language Options
Help and Language Navigation Tree
appliance_language=
url=
System/General
Enter cd system/general to navigate to the login_banner level.
--:- / cli-> cd system/general
To set the login banner:
1.
Enter the following command.
--:- / cli> cd system/general/
2.
Enter the following command.
--:- general cli-> set enable_login_banner=yes
**:- general cli> set login_banner=<login banner text>
NOTE: <login banner text> with new lines: Type the text between double quotes and enter the new line as \\n (double back slash and
the character).
A line similar to the following appears.
**:- general cli>
3.
Save your settings.
**:- general cli> commit.
28 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
System/Boot Configuration
Enter cd system/boot_configuration to navigate to the boot_configuration level.
--:- / cli-> cd system/boot_configuration
Table 4.4: System/Boot Configuration Options
Boot Configuration Navigation Tree
boot mode=
console_speed=
eth0_mode=
eth1_mode=
watchdog_timer=
boot_mode=flash
image=image
System/Information
1.
Enter cd system/information to navigate to the Information level.
--:- / cli> cd system/information/
2.
Enter show to view the system information.
System/Usage
Enter cd system/usage to navigate to the Usage level.
--:- / cli> cd system/usage/
Table 4.5: System/Usage Options
Usage Navigation Tree
flash usage
memory
Network
1.
Enter cd network to navigate to the Network level
--:- / cli-> cd network/
2.
Enter ls to view the list of available options.
settings/
devices/
ipv4_static_routes/
ipv6_static_routes/
hosts/
firewall/
ipsec(vpn)/
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
29
snmp/
Network/Settings
1.
Enter cd network/settings to navigate to the Network settings level.
--:- / cli-> cd network/settings/
2.
Enter show to view the list of available options.
Table 4.6: Network Options
Network Navigation Tree
settings
domain=
enable_bonding=
enable_ipv6=
hostname=
primary_dns=
secondary_dns=
enable_ipv6=
get_dns_from_dhcpv6=
get_domain_from_dhcpv6=
enable_ipv4_multiple_routing_tables=
Network/IPv4 and IPv6
IPv4 addresses are always enabled. An administrator can also enable IPv6 addresses at the appliance_
settings/network/ipv6 level. A procedure to enable IPv6 is used as an example in CLI Equivalent Actions to Web
Manager Checkbox Selection on page 16.
Table 4.7: Network/IPv4 and IPv6 Options
IPv4 and IPv6 Navigation Tree
ipv4_static_routes
default_3
gateway=
interface=
metric=
ipv6_static_routes
Network/Devices
The procedure to configure a static IP address for the primary Ethernet interface is usually performed during
installation so that administrators have a fixed IP address for access to the web manager and can finish
configuration.
30 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
To configure a IPv4 or IPv6 static IP address:
NOTE: This procedure configures either an IPv4 or IPv6 static IP address for the ETH0 (eth0) or the ETH1 (eth1) port. You can
configure an IPv6 static IP address only if IPv6 is enabled.
1.
Enter cd network/devices/<eth0|eth1>/settings to navigate to the Settings level for the desired interface.
--:- / cli-> cd network/devices/eth0/
2.
Enter set ipv<4|6>_method=static to set the method to static for IPv4 or IPv6.
**:- eth0 cli-> set ipv4_method=static
3.
Enter set ipv<4|6>_address=<IP_Address> ipv<4|6>_mask=<netmask> to set the IP address and subnet
mask, then enter commit to save the change.
--:- eth0 cli-> set ipv4_address=172.26.31.10 ipv4_mask=255.255.255.0
**:- eth0 cli-> commit
4.
Enter show to view the changes.
--:- eth0 cli-> show
Table 4.8: Network/Devices Options
Devices Navigation Tree
devices
eth0
ipv4_method=
ipv6_method=
mode=
status=
eth1
ipv4_method=
ipv_6method=
Network/Hosts
The following procedure describes how to add a host to the hosts table.
To add a host to the host table:
1.
Enter cd network/hosts to navigate to the Hosts level.
--:- / cli-> cd network/hosts
2.
Enter show to view the current host settings.
--:- hosts cli-> show
127.0.0.1
ip: 127.0.0.1
hostname: localhost
alias:
127.0.0.1/
3.
Type add then press Return.
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
31
--:- hosts cli-> add<Return>
--:#- [hosts] cli-> ls
ip =
hostname =
alias =
--:#- [hosts] cli->
4.
Enter set hostname=<hostname> ip=<IP_address> to add the name of a host and the IP address for the
host.
NOTE: Each parameter that follows the add command is separated by a space.
--:#- [hosts] cli-> set hostname=sharedacs6000 ip=172.26.31.164
5.
Enter commit.
--:#- [hosts] cli-> save
6.
Enter show to verify the changes took place and to view the new host entry.
--:- hosts cli-> show
127.0.0.1
ip: 127.0.0.1
hostname: localhost
alias:
172.26.31.164
ip: 172.26.31.164
hostname: sharedacs6000
alias:
127.0.0.1/add
172.26.31.164/
7.
Enter cd <IP_address>/settings to navigate to the level where you can perform additional configuration
of the host entry.
--:- hosts cli-> cd 172.26.31.164/settings
8.
Enter show to view the additions to the host table and the Settings option.
--:- 172.26.31.164 cli-> show
ip: 172.26.31.164
hostname = sharedacs6000
alias =
Table 4.9: Network/Hosts Options
Hosts Navigation Tree
hosts
32 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Hosts Navigation Tree
127.0.0.1
alias=
hostname=
Network/Firewall
Enter cd network/firewall to navigate to the firewall level.
--:- / cli-> cd network/firewall
NOTE: To set a rule, you must enable the interface, set the rule for the interface and physically connect the interface to the network.
Table 4.10: Network/Firewall Options
Firewall Navigation Tree
firewall
ipv
ipv4_filter_table
FORWARD
INPUT
OUTPUT
ipv6_filter_table
FORWARD
INPUT
OUTPUT
Network/IPSec(VPN)
Enter cd network/ipsec(vpn) to navigate to the ipsec(vpn) level.
--:- / cli-> cd network/ipsec(vpn)
Table 4.11: Network/IPSec(VPN) Options
IPSec(VPN) Navigation Tree
ipsec(vpn)
Network/SNMP
Enter cd network/snmp to navigate to the snmp level.
--:- / cli-> cd network/snmp
Table 4.12: Network/SNMP Options
SNMP Navigation Tree
snmp
public_v1|v2/
oid=
permission=
source=
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
Wiz command
The wiz command allows administrators to easily and quickly perform the initial network configuration of the
eth0.
At the command prompt at the / level, enter wiz to view the current IP configuration. To change the IP
configuration, press Tab to move through the parameters, and press Esc + Tab to edit the selected parameter.
When you are finished, enter yes to confirm that all parameters are correct and to save the new parameters.
--:- / cli-> wiz
Current IPv4 address: 172.26.30.249
Current IPv6 address:
eth0:
device_status = enabled
ipv4_method = dhcp
ipv4_address = 192.168.160.10
ipv4_mask = 255.255.255.0
ipv4_default_gateway =
ipv6_method = ipv6_address_unconfigured
ipv6_address =
ipv6_prefix_length =
ipv6_default_gateway =
MAC Address: 00:e0:86:21:67:72
dns:
primary_dns = 172.26.29.4
secondary_dns =
domain = corp.avocent.com
hostname = ACS6016-0011223344
ipv6:
NOTE: Enabling or disabling IPv6 requires a reboot to be effective.
enable_ipv6 = yes
get_dns_from_dhcpv6 = no
get_domain_from_dhcpv6 = no
Some basic and useful keys are:
- tab (once/twice) - shows the next possible commands/option(s)
- esc tab - gets the current parameter value for editting
Other hints:
- Use backslash '\' to escape spaces, '\' and other control
33
34 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
characters when assigning values to parameters.
Current IPv4 address: 172.26.30.249
Current IPv6 address:
eth0:
device_status (disabled, enabled) [enabled]:
Ports
Enter cd ports to navigate to the Ports level.
--:- / cli-> cd ports
Table 4.13: Ports Options
Ports Navigation Tree
serial ports
auxiliary ports
ttyA1
cas_profile
auto_discovery
settings
auto_discovery_timeout_(seconds)=
default_speed_on_auto_discovery_failure=
probe_speed_115200=
probe_speed_1200=
probe_speed_19200=
probe_speed_230400=
probe_speed_2400=
probe_speed_38400=
probe_speed_4800=
probe_speed_57600=
probe_speed_9600=
probe_timeout_(seconds)=
pool_of_ports
pool_name=
pool_telnet_port_alias=
pool_ssh_port_alias
pool_raw_mode_port_alias=
pool_ipv4_alias=
pool_ipv4_alias_interface=
pool_ipv6_alias=
pool_ipv6_alias_interface=
pool_members=
dial-in_profile
secure_dial-in
callback_users
settings
log_in_to_appliance=
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
Ports Navigation Tree
otp_login_authentication=
ppp_connection=
ppp|pap_authentication=
Table 4.14: Serial Port Commands
Command Summary
set_cas
set_dial-in
Edits the command to configure a list of serial ports with the CAS profile. Syntax: set_cas<serial port number>,
<serial port number> This command has five sub-nodes: physical, cas, data_buffering, alerts and power.
Edits the command to configure one serial port with the Dial-In profile. Syntax: set_dial-in<serial port number>
set_power Edits the command to configure a list of serial ports with the Power profile. Syntax: set_power<serial port
number>, [<serial port number>] This edit has two sub-nodes: physical and power.
set_dialout
Edits the command to configure one serial port with Dial-out on demand profile. Syntax: set_dial-out <serial
port number>
set_
socketclient
Edits the command to configure one serial port with Socket Client profile. Syntax: set_socket-client <serial port
number>
clone_
ports
Copies the configuration from one port to a list of serial ports. Syntax: clone_ports<serial port number>
reset_
port_to_
factory
Resets the serial ports to factory configuration. (This is disabled for CAS profile.) Syntax: reset_port_to_
factory<serial port number>, [<serial port number>]
enable_
ports
Enables serial ports. Syntax: enable_ports<serial port number>, [<serial port number>]
disable_
ports
Disables serial ports. Syntax: disable_ports<serial port number>, [<serial port number>]
Example of how to set a list of serial ports 2,5 and 6 with the CAS Profile and enable the status:
--:- serial_ports cli-> cd /ports/serial_ports
--:- serial_ports cli-> set_cas 2,5,6
--:#- [serial_ports/physical] cli-> set status=enabled
--:#- [serial_ports/physical] cli-> show
Selected items: 2|5|6
Port: 2
enable_cisco_rj45_pin-out = no
status = enabled
speed = 9600
parity = none
data_bits = 8
stop_bits = 1
flow_control = none
Type ls to see availables sub-nodes.
--:#- [serial_ports/physical] cli-> ls
35
36 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
cas/
data_buffering/
alerts/
power/
Type show to see the content of the page.
--:#- [serial_ports/physical] cli->save
--:- serial_ports cli->
To copy the configuration from serial port 5 to ports 10 and 15:
--:- serial_ports cli-> clone_ports 5
--:#- [serial_ports] cli-> show
Copy configuration from: 5
copy_configuration_to =
--:#- [serial_ports] cli-> set copy_configuration_to=10,15
--:#- [serial_ports] cli-> save
--:- serial_ports cli->
Auxiliary ports
Enter cd ports/auxiliary_ports to navigate to the auxiliary ports level.
--:-cli-> cd /ports/auxiliary_ports/
If an internal modem is factory installed, the only available serial_profile option are Dial-in and Dial-out on
demand. If an internal modem is not installed, either an external modem or a PDU can be connected to the port
and a third serial_profile option, Power, is available.
If no internal modem is installed, the port name is ttyA1. If an internal modem is installed, the port name is
ttyM1.
Enter the commands: set_dial-in, set dial-out or set_power to configure the auxiliary port.
NOTE: The set_power command will not be available when an internal modem is installed.
--:- / cli-> cd ports/auxiliary_ports/
--:- auxiliary_ports cli-> show
Port Device Status Profile
===== ====== ======== ============
ttyA1 ttyA1 disabled unconfigured
Type ls to see availables sub-nodes.
--:- auxiliary_ports cli->
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
37
Pluggable Devices
Enter cd pluggable_devices to navigate to the pluggable_devices level.
--:- / cli-> cd pluggable_devices
Table 4.15: Pluggable Devices Options
Pluggable Devices Navigation Tree
device_name
device_type
card
device_info
Authentication
Enter cd authentication to navigate to the authentication level.
--:- / cli-> cd authentication
NOTE: Kerberos does not work unless the administrator copies the /etc/krb5.keytab file from the Kerberos server and overwrites the
/etc/krb5.keytab file in the console server.
Table 4.16: Authentication Options
Authentication Navigation Tree
appliance_authentication
authentication_servers
radius
tacacs+
ldap(s)/ad
kerberos
nis
dsview
Users
Enter cd users to navigate to the users level.
--:- / cli-> cd users
Table 4.17: Users Options
Users Navigation Tree
local_accounts
user_names
root
admin
password_rules
38 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Users Navigation Tree
password enforcement
default expiration
authorization
groups
admin
appliance-admin
user
To add a user and password:
1.
Enter cd users/local_accounts/user_names to navigate to the user_names level.
--:- / cli-> cd users/local_accounts/user_names
2.
Enter add. Then enter set with the parameters all on one line separated by spaces as shown.
--:- user_names cli-> add
--:#- [user_name] cli-> set user_information/ user_name=fred password=smith123abc
confirm_password=smith123abc
--:#- [user_names] cli->
3.
Enter save.
--:#- [user_names] cli-> save
4.
Enter show to verify that the new user has been added.
--:#- [user_names] cli-> show
Events_and_Logs
Enter cd events_and_logs to navigate to the events_and_logs level.
--:- / cli-> cd events_and_logs
Table 4.18: Events_and_Logs Options
Events_and_Logs Navigation Tree
event list
event destinations
syslog
snmp trap
sms
email
dsview
data_buffering
local_data_buffering_settings
segment_size_(kbytes)=
spare_segments=
nfs_data_buffering_settings
nfs_server=
nfs_path=
segment_size_(kbytes)=
Chapter 4: CLI Overview for Administrators
Events_and_Logs Navigation Tree
spare_segments=
local_nfs_data_buffering_settings
close_log_files_and_open_new_ones_at_time_(hh:mm)=
syslog_data_buffering_settings
syslog_facility=
sensors
current_temperature:(deg_c, display only)
maximum_temperature_(deg_c)=
maximum_temperature_threshold_(deg_c)=(positive integer between 0 and 4)
minimum_temperature_(deg_c)=
minimum_temperature_threshold_(deg_c)=(positive integer between 0 and 4)
Power Management
The Power Management Options are described in the table below.
Table 4.19: Power Management Options Descriptions
Option
Description
pdus
Allows an authorized user to reboot, restore factory default settings or to rename PDU(s). Also allows the
authorized user to view information about each PDU, monitor sensors, clear sensor values, set up syslogging of
events related to the PDU, configure an alarm and the LED display mode, and to manage outlets on the PDU.
outlet_
groups
Lists all configured outlet groups that the current user is authorized to manage (to manage outlet groups, the
user must be in a user group that is authorized to manage all the outlets in the outlet group). An administrator
can configure outlet groups.
network_ Allows an administrator to add, edit or delete PDUs connected to the network. These PDUs will show up in the
pdus
PDUs node when they are discovered. Only power control opearation is supported by these PDUs.
To rename a PDU:
1.
Log onto the CLI as an administrator and enter cd power_management/pdus to navigate to the pdus
level.
--:- / cli-> cd power_management/pdus
2.
Type rename and press Tab Tab to expand the parameters.
--:- pdus cli-> rename <PDU_ID> <Tab><Tab>
3.
Enter set newpdu_id=<new_PDU_ID>.
--:#- [pdus] cli-> set new_pdu_id=mypdu
--:#- [pdus] save
NOTE: See the Cyclades ACS 6000 Installation/Administration/User guide for how to perform other authorized PDU configuration
options.
To manage power for a selected outlet:
See cycle, on, off, lock and unlock on page 13 for how to manage power at the power_management level.
39
40 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Active Sessions Information
The Active Session information fields are described in the table below. An authorized user can kill an active
session with the Kill command.
Table 4.20: Active Sessions Field Descriptions
Field
Description
user
Logged in user
client_ip
Source of the connection
creation_time
Time of the session creation
session_type
Type of session (console, http)
connection_type
Type of connection (cli, wmi - that is, Web Manager)
target_name
Target name or alias if session is an access session
id
Session ID
parent id
Parent ID if session is a subsession
To view and kill Active_Sessions:
1.
From the / level CLI prompt, enter cd active_sessions.
--:- / cli-> cd active_sessions
--:- active_sessions cli->
2.
Enter show. Information displays as shown about all active sessions.
--:- active_sessions cli-> show
37
user: admin
client_ip: none
creation_time: Tue Dec 18 03:31:01 2007
session_type: console
connection_type: cli
target_name:
id: 37
parent_id:
--:- active_sessions cli->
3.
To kill a session (if authorized), enter kill followed by the session number.
41
APPENDICES
Ap p e n d ic e s
Appendix A: Enabling Firmware Upgrades When the Boot
Image is not in Flash
To enable firmware upgrades when the boot image is not in Flash:
1.
Connect to the console of the console server as root.
Welcome to ACS6000 <host name>.
Type help for more information.
--:- / cli->
2.
Enter shell. A warning appears followed by the root prompt.
--:- cli-> shell
WARNING: Improper use of shell commands could lead to data loss,
the deletion of important system files or other unexpected result.
Please double-check your syntax when typing shell commands.
[root@ACS6048-3131313131 ~]#
3.
Enter recover-flash.sh --factory_default --doformat.
[root@ACS6048-3131313131 ~]# recover-flash.sh --factory_default --doformat
[root@ACS6048-3131313131 ~]#
The Flash memory is formatted, and the version of firmware in memory is stored in Flash. The command
prompt reappears.
4.
Enter reboot.
[root@ACS6048-3131313131 ~]# reboot
When the system reboot completes, the web manager supports firmware upgrades.
42 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Appendix B: Migration CLI
The Migration CLI is a tool that allows you to configure an ACS 6000 console server that is running scripts
based in the ACS advanced console server. For full configuration and management commands, it is recommended
you use the ACS 6000 console server’s CLI.
NOTE: References to an ACS advanced console server in this section refer to any advanced console server other than the ACS 6000
console server.
In the ACS 6000 console server, the login profile for the user “root” goes directly to the shell prompt. This will
allow the root user to run Migration CLI commands out of the ACS 6000 console server. A new group, “loginprofile-shell,” is created with only root as a member. To run commands based from an ACS advanced console
server, a root user should type CLI before the command.
Access rights
The access rights on the ACS 6000 console server are based on authorization groups. The administrator
configures the serial ports the group can access. To allow you to configure access rights, the following table
displays authorization groups that will be created on the ACS 6000 console server when using the Migration
CLI.
Table B.1: Access Rights Groups
Group
Members
Permissions
Users who can open a second session to a
cli_mus_ttySxx
serial port.
Access to a serial port in a muli-session (read/write or
read only)
cli_power_
ttySxx
Users who have power control in a serial port.
Power control (on/off/cycle) of outlets merged to a serial
port.
cli_access_
ttySxx
Users who can access a serial port in a single
session.
Access to a serial port in a single read/write session.
cli_pmd_
<username>
<username>
Power control of the outlet.
Exceptions
This section will list all ACS advanced console server CLI commands not available in the Migration CLI for the
ACS 6000 console server. For a list of available commands, see the Cyclades ACS
Installation/Administration/User Guide.
The following commands or values are not supported by the Migration CLI:
Table B.2: Commands Not Supported by the Migration CLI
Command
Value or Descriptions
administration
backupconfig
loadfrom sd
N/A
backupconfig saveto
N/A
sd
upgradefw checkum N/A
application
connect
N/A
pm
N/A
Appendices
Command
view
Value or Descriptions
N/A
config administration bootconf
bootype
bootp/both/ftp
flashtest
full/skip
maxevents
<number>
ramtest
full/quick/skip
config administration notifications
addemail
N/A
addpager
N/A
addsnmptrap
N/A
alarm
N/A
delete
N/A
edit
N/A
config application pmdconfig general
add
N/A
delete
N/A
config application terminalmenu
add
N/A
delete
N/A
menutitle
N/A
config network hostSettings
secipaddress
<nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn>
secsubnetmask
<nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn>
mtu
N/A
config physicalports access
users/groups
accepts only list of usernames
authtype
assume local
termshell
<shell command>
logintimeout
<login timeout in seconds>
config physicalports databuffering
mode
cir/lin
showmenu
file/fileanderase/no/noerase/yes
syslogsize
<record length in bytes[40-255]>
config physicalports general
pmsessions
none/ssh/ssh_telnet/telnet
protocol
bidirectionaltelnet, consoleraw, cslip, local, rawsocket, slip, sshv1, sshv2, telnet
config physicalports multiuser
users
accepts only list of users
sniffmode
in/inout/no/out
config physicalports other
SSHexitkey
<SSH exit key>
banner
<login banner>
host
<host>
sttyoptions
<stty options>
tcpkeepalive
<number>
43
44 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Command
Value or Descriptions
terminaltype
aixterm, att6386, linux-lat, vt100, vt320, xtermcolor, ansi, ibm3151, scoansi, vt102, vt52, at386,
linux, sun, vt220, xterm
winems
no/yes
idletimeout
<number>
config physicalports power management
enableIPMI
N/A
disableIPMI
N/A
key
N/A
server
N/A
config security
addgroup/delgroup
N/A
config security adduser
shell
<shell cmd but “ts_menu”>
comments
<comments>
config security profile custom
ports auth2sport
no/yes
ports bidirect
no/yes
ports raw2sport
no/yes
ports ssh2sport
no/yes
ports telnet2sport
no/yes
ssh ssh_x509
no/yes
config virtualport
config ipmi
<all or range/list[1-numberOfPorts]>
security authentication
authtype
Otp, Otp/Local
pppauthtype
Otp, Otp/Local
timeout
-t<time>
Time-out in minutes
-T
Disable the idle time-out. Same as -t0
config security loadkey
url
N/A
username
N/A
45 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Appendix C: Su and Sudo Commands
The su and sudo commands allow a user to execute commands as a different user.
Su command
Using the su (switch user) command, a user can switch to another user account to execute commands not
authorized with their normal account. If used without a username, the su command defaults to root. Only users
who are members of the wheel group can execute the su command to log in as root.
NOTE: The wheel group is a Linux group and is included in the firmware by default.
You will be prompted for the password of the account you’re trying to switch to with the su command. You will
remain logged into that account until you either press Ctrl-D or type exit.
NOTE: The su command will open a shell session instead of the restricted shell. The user will receive the shell prompt. Improper use
of shell commands could lead to data loss. Double-check your syntax when using shell commands.
Syntax:
su [options][-][username[arguments]]
The following table describes options that can be used with the su command.
Table C.1: Su Command Options
Option
Description
-, -l, --login
Uses an environment similar to that had the user logged in directly. When - is used, it must be
specified as the last su option.
-m, -p, --preserveenvironment
Preserves the current environment.
Optional arguments may be provided after the username, in which case they are supplied to the shell (/bin/sh).
To add a member to the wheel group:
1.
Create the user using the web manager or CLI.
2.
Open a session in the appliance and log in as root.
3.
In the shell prompt, run the usermod command to add the user to the wheel group.
# usermod -G wheel <username>
4.
Run the groups command to verify.
# groups <username>
To delete a member from the wheel group:
1.
Edit the file /etc/group.
2.
Remove the username from the line with wheel::XX:<user1>,<user2>,<user3>.
Sudo command
Using the sudo (superuser do) command, a user can execute a command using the privileges of another user
(often root), as specified in the /etc/sudoers file. The user is authenticated using his own password, not the root
Appendices
46
password. The /etc/sudoers file logs all commands and arguments.
Syntax:
sudo <command>
Configuring sudo
A system administrator configures the /etc/sudoers file to give groups or users access to some or all commands
not authorized with their normal account. An administrator should log into the console server as a root user and
edit the /etc/sudoers file by using the /usr/sbin/visudo command to configure sudo.
The sudoers file is composed of aliases and user specifications. When multiple entries match for a user, they are
applied in order. Where there are conflicting values, the last match is used.
Since the sudoers file is parsed in a single pass, order is important. You should structure sudoers so that the
Host_Alias, User_Alias, and Cmnd_Alias specifications come first, followed by any Default_Entry lines, and
finally the Runas_Alias and user specifications.
An example of an /etc/sudoers file:
#User alias specification
User_Alias FULLTIMERS = millert, mikef, dowdy
User_Alias PARTTIMERS = bostley, jwfox, crawl
#Cmnd alias specification
Cmnd_Alias KILL = /bin/kill
Cmnd_Alias SHUTDOWN = /sbin/shutdown
Cmnd_Alias REBOOT = /sbin/reboot
Cmnd_Alias SU = /bin su
FULLTIMERS ALL = KILL, SHUTDOWN, REBOOT, SU
PARTTIMERS ALL = SHUTDOWN, REBOOT
In the preceding example, the users millert, mikef and dowdy can execute the kill, shutdown, reboot and su
commands while the users bostley, jwfox and crawl can only shut down and reboot the console server.
47 Cyclades™ ACS 6000 Advanced Console Server
Appendix D: Technical Support
Our Technical Support staff is ready to assist you with any installation or operational issues you encounter with
your Avocent product. If an issue should develop, follow the steps below for the fastest possible service.
To resolve an issue:
1.
Check the pertinent section of this manual to see if the issue can be resolved by following the procedures
outlined.
2.
Visit www.avocent.com/support and use one of the following resources:
Search the knowledge base or use the online service request
-orSelect Technical Support Contacts to find the Avocent Technical Support location nearest you.
For Technical Support:
http://www.avocent.com/support
590-770-501F
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