OPERATOR’S MANUAL
BOP 1000W
HIGH POWER BIPOLAR POWER SUPPLY
KEPCO INC.
An ISO 9001 Company.
MODEL
BOP 1000W
POWER SUPPLY
ORDER NO.
REV. NO.
IMPORTANT NOTES:
1)
This manual is valid for the following Model and associated serial numbers:
MODEL
SERIAL NO.
REV. NO.
2)
A Change Page may be included at the end of the manual. All applicable changes and
revision number changes are documented with reference to the equipment serial numbers. Before using this Instruction Manual, check your equipment serial number to identify
your model. If in doubt, contact your nearest Kepco Representative, or the Kepco Documentation Office in New York, (718) 461-7000, requesting the correct revision for your particular model and serial number.
3)
The contents of this manual are protected by copyright. Reproduction of any part can be
made only with the specific written permission of Kepco, Inc.
Data subject to change without notice.
©2009, KEPCO, INC
P/N 243-1027R10
KEPCO®
THE POWER SUPPLIER™
KEPCO, INC. z 131-38 SANFORD AVENUE z FLUSHING, NY. 11355 U.S.A. z TEL (718) 461-7000 z FAX (718) 767-1102
email: hq@kepcopower.com z World Wide Web: http://www.kepcopower.com
Declaration of Conformity
Application of Council directives:
73/23/EEC (LVD)
93/68/EEC (CE mark)
Standard to which Conformity is declared:
EN61010-1:1993
(Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement,
control and laboratory use)
Manufacturer's Name and Address:
KEPCO INC.
131-38 SANFORD AVENUE
FLUSHING, N.Y. 11355 USA
Importer's Name and Address:
OPY
C
E
V
I
T
A
T
N
REPRESE
Type of Equipment:
Component Power Supply
Model No.:
[PRODUCT MODEL NUMBER]
Year of Manufacture:
I, the undersigned, declare that the product specified above, when used in conjunction with the conditions of conformance set forth in the product instruction manual, complies with the requirements of the
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC, which forms the basis for application of the CE Mark to this product.
Place:
KEPCO Inc.
131-38 Sanford Ave.
Flushing, N.Y.11355 USA
Saul Kupferberg
(Full Name)
Date:
228-1348 DC-COMP/INST 101509
VP OF SALES
(position)
A
Conditions of Conformance
When this product is used in applications governed by the requirements of the EEC, the following restrictions and conditions apply:
1. For European applications, requiring compliance to the Low Voltage Directive, 73/23/EEC, this power
supply is considered a component product, designed for "built in“ applications. Because it is incomplete in construction, the end product enclosure must provide for compliance to any remaining electrical safety requirements and act as a fire enclosure. (EN61010-1 Cl. 6, Cl. 7, Cl.8, Cl. 9 and EN610101 annex F)
2. This power supply is designed for stationary installation, with mains power applied via a detachable
power supply cord or via direct wiring to the source power terminal block.
3. This power supply is considered a Class 1 (earthed) product, and as such depends upon proper connection to protective earth for safety from electric shock. (EN61010-1 Cl. 6.5.4)
4. This power supply is intended for use as part of equipment meant for test, measurement and laboratory use, and is designed to operate from single phase, three wire power systems. This equipment
must be installed within a suitably wired equipment rack, utilizing a three wire (grounded) mains connection. See wiring section of this manual for complete electrical wiring instructions. (EN61010-1 Cl.
6.5.4 and Cl.6.10.1)
5. This power supply has secondary output circuits that are considered hazardous, and which exceed
100V d-c, able to deliver current greater than 10A d-c.
6. The output wiring terminals of this power supply have not been evaluated for field wiring and, therefore, must be properly configured by the end product manufacturer prior to use.
7. This power supply employs a supplementary circuit protector in the form of a circuit breaker mounted
on the front panel. This circuit breaker protects the power supply itself from damage in the event of a
fault condition. For complete circuit protection of the end product, as well as the building wiring, it is
required that a primary circuit protection device be fitted to the branch circuit wiring. (EN61010-1 Cl.
9.6.2)
8. Hazardous voltages are present within this power supply during normal operation. All operator adjustments to the product are made via externally accessible switches, controls and signal lines as specified within the product operating instructions. There are no user or operator serviceable parts within
the product enclosure. Refer all servicing to qualified and trained Kepco service technicians.
B
228-1529 COND/CONFORM 101509
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Installation, Operation and Service Precautions
This product is designed for use in accordance with EN 61010-1 and UL 3101 for Installation Category 2,
Pollution Degree 2. Hazardous voltages are present within this product during normal operation. The product should never be operated with the cover removed unless equivalent protection of the operator from
accidental contact with hazardous internal voltages is provided:
!
There are no operator serviceable parts or adjustments within the product enclosure.
Refer all servicing to trained service technician.
!
Source power must be removed from the product prior to performing any servicing.
!
This product is factory-wired for the nominal a-c mains voltage indicated on the rating nameplate located adjacent to the source power connection on the product's rear
panel. To reconfigure the product input for other nominal mains voltages as listed
herein, the product must be modified by a trained service technician.
2. Grounding
This product is a Class 1 device which utilizes protective earthing to ensure operator safety.
!
The PROTECTIVE EARTHING CONDUCTOR TERMINAL must be properly connected prior to application of source power to the product (see instructions on installation herein) in order to ensure safety from electric shock.
PROTECTIVE EARTHING CONDUCTOR TERMINAL - This symbol indicates the
point on the product to which the protective earthing conductor must be attached.
EARTH (GROUND) TERMINAL - This symbol is used to indicate a point which is
connected to the PROTECTIVE EARTHING TERMINAL. The component installer/
assembler must ensure that this point is connected to the PROTECTIVE EARTHING TERMINAL.
CHASSIS TERMINAL -This symbol indicates frame (chassis) connection, which is
supplied as a point of convenience for performance purposes (see instructions on
grounding herein). This is not to be confused with the protective earthing point, and
may not be used in place of it.
3. Electric Shock Hazards
This product outputs hazardous voltage and energy levels as a function of normal operation. Operators
must be trained in its use and exercise caution as well as common sense during use to prevent accidental
shock.
This symbol appears adjacent to any external terminals at which hazardous voltage
levels as high as 500V d-c may exist in the course of normal or single fault conditions.
!
This symbol appears adjacent to any external terminals at which hazardous voltage
levels in excess of 500V d-c may exist in the course of normal or single fault conditions.
228-1352 SAFETY - (COVER REMOVAL) 101509
C
OPERATOR
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Read these safety instructions, as well as the applicable installation and operating instructions contained in
this manual before using the power supply.
WARNING
Do not touch the output terminals. The output is dangerous. Electric shock can cause injury or death.
Do not remove the cover or disassemble the unit. There are no operator serviceable components or
adjustments inside the unit. High voltage components inside the unit can cause serious injury even with
input power disconnected.
Service must be referred to authorized personnel. Using the power supply in a manner not specified by
Kepco. Inc. may impair the protection provided by the power supply. Observe all safety precautions noted
throughout this manual. The following table lists symbols used on the power supply or in this manual where
applicable.
The liquid in the LCD is hazardous: do not lick or swallow. Wash skin and clothes immediately and thoroughly upon exposure.
SAFETY SYMBOLS
SYMBOL
Meaning
WARNING: RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK.
INDICATES THE POSSIBILITY OF BODILY INJURY OR DEATH.
!
CAUTION: REFER TO REFERENCED PROCEDURE.
INDICATES THE POSSIBILITY OF EQUIPMENT DAMAGE.
CAUTION
If this power supply is used in OEM equipment, the OEM equipment manufacturer is responsible for
attaching appropriate warning labels on the OEM equipment.
Operating the power supply outside the specified limits for input voltage, temperature, or other environmental conditions noted in this manual can damage the power supply and void the warranty.
DO NOT: wipe the front panel with hard materials, nor apply excessive force to the surface. DO NOT
expose to extended periods of bright sunshine or UV light.
Safety Messages
The BOP protection circuitry is designed to protect the load against unregulated high voltages and protect
the BOP from extensive damage in the event of a component failure. Refer to Table 1-2 for more information regarding the protection circuits.
D
OP-SAFETY 101509
LIST OF
WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS
PAGE
WARNING/CAUTION
3-19
WARNING: For inductive loads, and especially superconducting magnet type loads,
3-19
WARNING: For both inductive loads and constant-current-type active electronic
3-20
WARNING: Accessing the BOP after the output is disabled in BATTERY mode is haz-
3-28
WARNING: Be sure that output power is OFF (Standby indicator lit) while connecting
4-8
WARNING: The sense resistor will be dissipating full rated current of the BOP. If it is
4-14
WARNING: The sense resistor will be dissipating full rated current of the BOP. If it is
the inherent offset of the BOP in the OFF state may generate significant
current in the circuit. A properly rated switch in parallel with a resistor
must be connected between the power supply and the load. The switch
must be open and the BOP front panel LCD must read 0V, 0A before removing or installing connections between BOP and load.
loads when the BOP output is set to OFF, a path is provided for absorbing
either the energy accumulated in the reactance of the load during the ON
state, or energy delivered by an electronic load. This prevents damage to
the load and power supply as well as providing safety for the user. However, In addition to the built-in safety features, constant-current-type active electronic loads must be adjusted to zero and the BOP front panel
LCD must read 0V, minimum current, before handling the power supplyto-load connections.
ardous because (1) high current arcing is possible and (2) either the external battery voltage, or the voltage (±Voltage Protection max) on the
BOP output terminals may be dangerous. Therefore, for battery and constant-voltage-type active electronic loads it is recommended that two
properly rated external switches be installed for safety: one in series with
the battery, and one across the BOP output. After the unit is set to OFF,
first open the switch is series with the battery, then close the switch
across the BOP output to ensure safety before handling BOP connections. When connecting the battery, the switch across the output should
be opened after the connections are complete and then the switch in series with the battery should be closed. If the constant-voltage-type active
electronic load is adjusted to zero before handling the power supply-toload connections, only the switch across the BOP output is required.
monitoring device. Be sure that connections are secure and that terminals are not inadvertently shorted.
hot to the touch, the sense resistor value, power rating and/or cooling are
incorrect; refer to PAR. 4.3 and Table 4-2.
BOP 1KW OPR 10/15/09
hot to the touch, the sense resistor value, power rating and/or cooling are
incorrect; refer to PAR. 4.4 and Table 4-2.
E
LIST OF
WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS
PAGE
WARNING/CAUTION
2-3
CAUTION:
When an external shut-down signal is sent to the unit, the shut-down condition is latched and the red FAULT indicator on the front panel is ON. To
resume normal operation it is necessary to cycle power off, then on (preferred) or briefly press the RESET key on the front panel.
2-6
CAUTION:
it is recommended that source power of external equipment connected to
the Analog Port be applied through an isolating transformer To avoid
ground loops or possible damage to the BOP due to incorrect equipment
a-c wiring (e.g., defeating of ground connection).
2-8
CAUTION:
The rack must provide support at the rear (within 6 inches of the rear panel). Optional slides can also be used (see PAR. 2.4.2).
2-8
CAUTION:
When working with active loads, the voltage or current of the active load
must not exceed the maximum voltage or current rating of the BOP. Otherwise the overvoltage or overcurrent protection will shut down the power supply.
2-10
CAUTION:
Never connect the load to the sense terminals. Monitoring instruments
(e.g., DVM, etc.) are the only external equipment that may be safely connected to the sense terminals.
2-10
CAUTION:
Never connect the BOP OUTPUT terminal (or the load terminal tied to the
OUTPUT terminal) to earth-ground. Otherwise, if the controlling device is
grounded, the BOP can be damaged by the protection limit output current
flowing inside the BOP along the programming signal return path.
2-10
CAUTION:
Do not connect both the load and the programming device return (common) to earth-ground potential. Otherwise, If the COMMON power connection between the BOP and the load is lost, then the BOP can be
damaged by output current flowing inside the BOP along the programming signal return path.
2-10
CAUTION:
The safety features incorporated into the BOP to handle energy from Active loads are unable to protect the power supply or the load if input power to the BOP is lost or if the BOP Malfunctions. It is recommended that
the user monitor “Power OK” flag pins 3 and 4 of the external Protect Port
(see Table 2-4) and implement a fast-acting means of disconnecting capacitive loads or crowbarring inductive loads to prevent damage to both
the BOP and the load in the event of input power loss.
2-14
CAUTION:
For parallel configurations, Remove links between (COM S) and (COM
OUT) terminals of all slaves to prevent damage to the unit and maintain
system accuracy.
2-14
CAUTION:
Connecting multiple units to different a-c input sources may damage the
BOP power supplies and/or the load.
2-20
CAUTION: The units are now configured as slave(s) to be controlled only by the master.
Do not use the slave keypad, RS 232 port or GPIB port to try to control the
slave(s).
3-3
CAUTION:
Pressing RESET will cause voltage transients to appear at the output
which may damage a connected load.
3-5
CAUTION:
DO NOT repeatedly toggle the circuit breaker/switch as this may damage
the unit.
F
BOP 1KW OPR 10/15/09
LIST OF
WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS
PAGE
WARNING/CAUTION
3-12
CAUTION:
When the ADJUST control is rotated, the active parameter is immediately
effective if the output is enabled (on = STANDBY indicator not lit). The
voltage/current applied to the load changes as the ADJUST control is rotated.
3-18
CAUTION:
When working with active loads, always adjust the BOP protection limits
to be above the maximum values of voltage or current expected from the
load. For example, when the BOP is operating in voltage mode sinking
energy from a constant current type load, set the current protection limits
of the BOP above the maximum current expected from the load.
3-25
CAUTION:
Before Pressing @ to enter the Saved Waveform Screen from the powerup screen, perform the following steps to avoid unexpected voltages or
currents from previous settings being briefly applied to the load when the
waveform is first executed.
3-33
CAUTION:
Pressing RESET will cause voltage transients to appear at the output
which may damage a connected load. Switch is recessed to prevent inadvertent activation.
3-50
CAUTION:
When the serial port has received an XOFF, the error message -400, QUE
error will be placed in the queue to indicate the loss of transmitted information due to a received XOFF character. When XON is received, the unit
will transmit all data in it's buffer followed by the exclamation character
(!). This (!) character is not part of any message from the BOP and indicates the transmission buffer has been cleared and the BOP is idle.
4-12
CAUTION:
If the CALIBRATE ZERO ! function is available, perform this function
first, as it affects all other output calibrations.
BOP 1KW OPR 10/15/09
G/(H Blank)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
PAGE
SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.6.1
1.6.2
1.6.3
1.6.4
1.6.5
1.6.6
1.6.7
1.6.8
1.6.9
1.7
1.8
1.9
Scope of Manual ..................................................................................................................................... 1-1
General Description................................................................................................................................. 1-1
Specifications .......................................................................................................................................... 1-1
Local Control ........................................................................................................................................... 1-13
Remote Control ....................................................................................................................................... 1-13
Features .................................................................................................................................................. 1-13
Digital Calibration............................................................................................................................... 1-13
voltage/current Protection.................................................................................................................. 1-13
Waveforms......................................................................................................................................... 1-14
Saving and Recalling Settings ........................................................................................................... 1-14
External Reference (Analog Control)................................................................................................. 1-14
External Limits ................................................................................................................................... 1-14
User-defined Voltage/Current Maximum Values (Software Limits) ................................................... 1-14
Parallel and Series Configurations .................................................................................................... 1-14
Energy Recuperation ......................................................................................................................... 1-15
Equipment Supplied ................................................................................................................................ 1-15
Accessories ............................................................................................................................................. 1-15
Safety ...................................................................................................................................................... 1-15
SECTION 2 - INSTALLATION
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.3.1
2.5.4
2.5.5
2.5.6
2.5.7
2.6
2.7
2.7.1
2.7.2
2.7.3
2.7.4
2.8
2.8.1
2.8.2
2.8.3
2.8.4
2.8.5
2.8.6
Unpacking and Inspection ....................................................................................................................... 2-1
Terminations and Controls ...................................................................................................................... 2-1
Preliminary Operational Check................................................................................................................ 2-6
Installation ............................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Rack Mounting................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Slide Installation................................................................................................................................. 2-8
Wiring Instructions................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Safety Grounding............................................................................................................................... 2-8
Source Power Connections ............................................................................................................... 2-8
D-C Output Grounding....................................................................................................................... 2-8
Grounding Network Configuration................................................................................................ 2-9
Power Supply/Load Interface............................................................................................................. 2-9
Load Connection - General................................................................................................................ 2-10
Load Connection Using Local Sensing.............................................................................................. 2-11
Load Connection Using Remote Sensing.......................................................................................... 2-11
Cooling .................................................................................................................................................... 2-11
Setting up the unit ................................................................................................................................... 2-11
Consider the Load Type .................................................................................................................... 2-11
Setup for Local Operation.................................................................................................................. 2-11
Setup for Remote Operation via GPIB............................................................................................... 2-13
Setup for Remote Operation via RS 232C......................................................................................... 2-13
Multiple Unit Configurations .................................................................................................................... 2-13
Multiple Unit Source Power ............................................................................................................... 2-14
Multiple Unit Protection...................................................................................................................... 2-14
Configuring Parallel, Series, 2 X 2 or 3 X 2 combinations ................................................................. 2-19
Operating Instructions for Multiple Unit Combinations....................................................................... 2-23
Restoring a Unit to Standalone Operation ......................................................................................... 2-24
Changing Multiple Unit configurations ............................................................................................... 2-24
SECTION 3 - OPERATION
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
General.................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
Power Supply Basics............................................................................................................................... 3-1
Keypad Description............................................................................................................................ 3-1
LCD and Power-up Screen Description............................................................................................. 3-3
Turning the Power Supply On............................................................................................................ 3-5
BOP-1K 101509
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
3.2.4
3.2.4.1
3.2.4.2
3.2.4.3
3.2.4.4
3.2.5
3.2.5.1
3.2.5.2
3.2.5.3
3.2.5.4
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.1.1
3.3.1.2
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.3.1
3.3.3.2
3.3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.4.1
3.3.4.2
3.3.4.3
3.3.5
3.3.6
3.3.7
3.3.8
3.3.8.1
3.3.8.2
3.3.8.3
3.3.8.4
3.3.8.5
3.3.9
3.3.9.1
3.3.9.2
3.3.9.3
3.3.9.4
3.3.9.5
3.3.9.6
3.3.9.7
3.3.9.8
3.3.9.9
3.3.9.10
3.3.10
3.3.11
3.3.12
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.1.1
3.4.1.2
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.3.1
3.4.3.2
3.4.4
3.4.4.1
3.4.5
ii
PAGE
How to Access the menus ................................................................................................................
Overall menu Structure ...............................................................................................................
How to Modify a Parameter.........................................................................................................
Password Setup. .........................................................................................................................
How to Access a Password Protected Menu ..............................................................................
Operator Convenience Functions (Display Menu) ............................................................................
Adjusting LCD Brightness, contrast and Background .................................................................
Displaying Programmed Settings in RemoTe Mode ...................................................................
Enabling/Disabling Audible Beeps ..............................................................................................
Displaying Meters or Graph (Time line) ......................................................................................
Local Mode Operation ............................................................................................................................
Setting Local Mode ...........................................................................................................................
Keypad Lockout ..........................................................................................................................
Local Password Protection at Power-up .....................................................................................
Setting Voltage or Current Mode ......................................................................................................
Programming Voltage or Current and Associated Protect Limits......................................................
Selecting Bipolar/Independent Protection Limits.........................................................................
Understanding Voltage and Current Protect Limits.....................................................................
Hidden Voltage and Current Protect Limits.................................................................................
Changing Maximum or Minimum Software-controlled Limits............................................................
Changing Maximum Accepted Voltage or Current (Main Channel Software Limits)...................
Changing Maximum/Minimum Protection Software-controlled Limits .........................................
External Limits.............................................................................................................................
Enabling/Disabling DC Output Power ...............................................................................................
Determining How the Unit responds when Output is OFF (Load Type)............................................
Changing the Default Power up Settings ..........................................................................................
Storing/Recalling Power Supply Output Settings..............................................................................
Understanding Abbreviations Used for Saved Settings ..............................................................
Viewing Saved Settings ..............................................................................................................
Saving Settings and Erasing or Modifying Previously Saved settings ........................................
Copying Previously Saved settings to a New Location ...............................................................
Applying Saved settings to the Output (Recall)...........................................................................
Waveform Generation.......................................................................................................................
Protecting the Load When Accessing Waveforms ......................................................................
Waveform Overview....................................................................................................................
Understanding How Waveforms Are Generated.........................................................................
Waveform Specifications.............................................................................................................
Viewing Stored Waveforms .........................................................................................................
Executing a Waveform ................................................................................................................
Modifying Previously Stored Waveforms ....................................................................................
Creating a New Waveform ..........................................................................................................
Using Segments to Build a Waveform ........................................................................................
Copying a Waveform...................................................................................................................
Reset.................................................................................................................................................
Operator Testing ...............................................................................................................................
Error Message Explanations.............................................................................................................
Analog Remote Mode Programming ......................................................................................................
Remote Output off.............................................................................................................................
Remote Shutdown.......................................................................................................................
Remote Standby .........................................................................................................................
Voltage/Current Mode Control ..........................................................................................................
Controlling the Output Using the BOP as a Power Amplifier ............................................................
Fixed Gain using External Reference Control.............................................................................
Variable Gain Using External Reference Level...........................................................................
External Protection Limits .................................................................................................................
Using Both Local/Digital and External Protection Limits .............................................................
Monitoring Output Current Using an analog signal ...........................................................................
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-15
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-18
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-21
3-22
3-22
3-23
3-23
3-25
3-25
3-25
3-25
3-25
3-26
3-26
3-27
3-28
3-28
3-30
3-31
3-33
3-33
3-33
3-33
3-34
3-35
3-35
3-36
3-36
3-37
3-37
3-39
3-40
3-40
3-41
BOP-1K 101509
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
PAGE
3.5
Digital Remote Mode Programming ........................................................................................................ 3-41
3.5.1
Operating Features Available only by Remote Commands............................................................... 3-41
3.5.1.1
Expanded Waveforms and Programs .......................................................................................... 3-41
3.5.2
Programming Techniques to Optimize performance ......................................................................... 3-41
3.5.2.1
Programming Voltage/Current Limit and Current/Voltage Limit................................................... 3-41
3.5.2.2
Making Sure the Previous Command is Complete ...................................................................... 3-42
3.5.3
Remote Mode Setup.......................................................................................................................... 3-43
3.5.3.1
GPIB Port Setup .......................................................................................................................... 3-43
3.5.3.1.1
Changing the GPIB Address ...................................................................................................3-44
3.5.3.1.2
Configure Device Clear (DCL) Control....................................................................................3-44
3.5.3.1.3
Determining Whether *RST Command sets the Output Off or On..........................................3-45
3.5.3.2
RS 232 Serial Port Setup............................................................................................................. 3-45
3.5.3.2.1
Select Baud Rate ....................................................................................................................3-45
3.5.3.2.2
Configure XON/XOFF Protocol ...............................................................................................3-45
3.5.3.2.3
Configure Prompt Mode ..........................................................................................................3-45
3.5.3.3
Establish communication language ............................................................................................. 3-46
3.5.3.4
BIT 4882 Compatibility................................................................................................................. 3-46
3.5.3.5
BIT 4886 Compatibility................................................................................................................. 3-46
3.5.3.5.1
LIST Command Differences in BIT 4886 ................................................................................3-46
3.5.3.5.2
Status Reporting Differences in BIT 4886...............................................................................3-46
3.5.3.5.3
Trigger Operation Differences in BIT 4886 .............................................................................3-47
3.5.4
IEEE 488 (GPIB) Bus Protocol .......................................................................................................... 3-47
3.5.5
BOP VISA Instrument driver .............................................................................................................. 3-48
3.5.6
RS232-C Operation ........................................................................................................................... 3-49
3.5.6.1
Serial INterface ............................................................................................................................ 3-49
3.5.6.2
RS 232 Implementation ............................................................................................................... 3-49
3.5.6.2.1
XON XOFF Method.................................................................................................................3-51
3.5.6.2.2
Echo Mode ..............................................................................................................................3-51
3.5.6.2.3
Prompt Method........................................................................................................................3-51
3.5.6.3
Using SCPI commands for RS 232 Communication.................................................................... 3-51
3.5.6.4
Isolating RS 232 Communication Problems ................................................................................ 3-51
3.6
SCPI Programming ................................................................................................................................. 3-52
3.6.1
SCPI Messages ................................................................................................................................. 3-52
3.6.2
Common Commands/Queries ........................................................................................................... 3-52
3.6.3
SCPI Subsystem Command/Query Structure.................................................................................... 3-53
3.6.3.1
ABORt Subsystem ....................................................................................................................... 3-53
3.6.3.2
DISPlay Subsystem ..................................................................................................................... 3-53
3.6.3.3
INITiate Subsystem...................................................................................................................... 3-53
3.6.3.4
LIST Subsystem........................................................................................................................... 3-53
3.6.3.5
MEASure Subsystem................................................................................................................... 3-53
3.6.3.6
OUTPut Subsystem ..................................................................................................................... 3-54
3.6.3.7
MEMory Subsystem..................................................................................................................... 3-54
3.6.3.8
STATus Subsystem ..................................................................................................................... 3-56
3.6.3.9
TRIGger subsystem ..................................................................................................................... 3-56
3.6.3.10
[SOURce:]VOLTage and [SOURce:]CURRent Subsystems ....................................................... 3-57
3.6.3.11
CALibrate Subsystem .................................................................................................................. 3-57
3.6.3.12
System Subsystem ...................................................................................................................... 3-57
3.6.3.12.1
Forgotten Passwords ..............................................................................................................3-57
3.6.4
Program Message Structure.............................................................................................................. 3-58
3.6.4.1
Keyword ....................................................................................................................................... 3-58
3.6.4.2
Keyword Separator ...................................................................................................................... 3-58
3.6.4.3
Query Indicator ............................................................................................................................ 3-59
3.6.4.4
Data ............................................................................................................................................. 3-59
3.6.4.5
Data Separator............................................................................................................................. 3-59
3.6.4.6
Message Unit Separator .............................................................................................................. 3-59
BOP-1K 101509
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
3.6.4.7
3.6.4.8
3.6.5
3.6.6
3.6.7
3.6.7.1
3.6.7.2
3.6.7.3
3.6.8
PAGE
Root Specifier..............................................................................................................................
Message Terminator ...................................................................................................................
Understanding The Command Structure ..........................................................................................
Program Message Syntax Summary ................................................................................................
Status Reporting ...............................................................................................................................
Status Reporting Structure..........................................................................................................
Operational Status Register ........................................................................................................
QUEStionable Status Register....................................................................................................
SCPI Program Examples ..................................................................................................................
3-59
3-60
3-60
3-61
3-61
3-61
3-63
3-63
3-64
SECTION 4 - CALIBRATION
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.5
General ...................................................................................................................................................
Test Equipment Requirements ...............................................................................................................
Calibration using Remote SCPI commands via GPIB or RS 232 Interface ............................................
Calibration Procedure using SCPI Commands.................................................................................
Calibration Using Front Panel Keypad in Local Mode ............................................................................
Understanding the Calibration Process ............................................................................................
Calibration Procedure using Local Mode ..........................................................................................
Calibration using VISA Driver Soft Panel..........................................................................................
Calibration Storage .................................................................................................................................
4-1
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-10
4-10
4-12
4-16
4-16
APPENDIX A - SCPI COMMON COMMAND/QUERY DEFINITIONS
A.2
A.3
A.4
A.5
A.6
A.7
A.8
A.9
A.10
A.11
A.12
A.13
A.14
A.15
A.16
A.17
A.18
*CLS — Clear Status Command ............................................................................................................
*ESE — Standard Event Status Enable Command................................................................................
*ESE? — Standard Event Status Enable Query.....................................................................................
*ESR? — Event Status Register Query..................................................................................................
*IDN? — Identification Query..................................................................................................................
*OPC — Operation Complete Command ...............................................................................................
*OPC? — Operation Complete Query ....................................................................................................
*OPT? — Options Query ........................................................................................................................
*RCL — Recall Command ......................................................................................................................
*RST — Reset Command.......................................................................................................................
*SAV — Save Command........................................................................................................................
*SRE — Service Request Enable Command .........................................................................................
*SRE? — Service Request Enable Query ..............................................................................................
*STB? — Status Byte Register Query ....................................................................................................
*TRG — Trigger Command ....................................................................................................................
*TST? — Self Test Query .......................................................................................................................
*WAI — Wait-To-Continue Command ....................................................................................................
A-1
A-1
A-2
A-2
A-2
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-4
A-4
A-4
A-5
A-5
A-5
A-5
A-6
A-6
APPENDIX B - SCPI COMMAND/QUERY DEFINITIONS
B.1
B.2
B.3
B.4
B.5
B.6
B.7
B.8
B.9
B.10
B.11
B.12
iv
Introduction .............................................................................................................................................
Numerical Values....................................................................................................................................
ABORt Command...................................................................................................................................
CAL Commands and Queries.................................................................................................................
INITiate[:IMMediate] Command ............................................................................................................
INITiate:CONTinuous Command ..........................................................................................................
INITiate:CONTinuous Query .................................................................................................................
MEASure[:SCALar]:CURRent[:DC]? Query ..........................................................................................
MEASure[:SCALar]:MODE[:DC] Command ..........................................................................................
MEASure[:SCALar]:VOLTage[:DC]? Query ..........................................................................................
MEASure[:SCALar]:TRANsient[:DC]? QUERY.....................................................................................
MEMory:UPDate Command ..................................................................................................................
B-1
B-2
B-2
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-4
B-4
B-4
B-4
B-4
B-5
BOP-1K 101509
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
B.13
B.14
B.15
B.16
B.17
B.18
B.19
B.20
B.21
B.22
B.23
B.24
B.25
B.26
B.27
B.28
B.29
B.30
B.31
B.32
B.33
B.34
B.35
B.36
B.37
B.38
B.39
B.40
B.41
B.42
B.43
B.44
B.45
B.46
B.47
B.48
B.49
B.50
B.51
B.52
B.53
B.54
B.55
B.56
B.57
B.58
B.59
B.60
B.61
B.62
B.63
B.64
B.65
B.66
B.67
B.68
B.69
B.70
PAGE
OUTPut[:STATe] Command...................................................................................................................
OUTPut[:STATe] Query .........................................................................................................................
OUTPut:MODE Command.....................................................................................................................
OUTPut:MODE? Query..........................................................................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] Command ......................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] Query .............................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH] Command..........................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH]? Query ..............................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEG Command..............................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEG? Query...................................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:POS Command ..............................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:POS? Query...................................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent:MODE Command.................................................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent:MODe? Query......................................................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH] Command...................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH] Query..........................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE Command ....................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE? Query.........................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:NeGative Command ...............................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:NeGative? Query....................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive Command ................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive? Query.....................................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH] Command..........................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH]? Query...............................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NeGative Command ......................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NeGative? Query...........................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive Command .......................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive? Query............................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude] Command .......................................................
[SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude]? Query ............................................................
[SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE Command ................................................................................................
[SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE? Query.....................................................................................................
[SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE:TRIGger Command.................................................................................
[SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE:TRIGger? Query .....................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CLEar Command .........................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:COUNt Command........................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:COUNt? Query.............................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:COUNt:SKIP Command...............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:COUNt:SKIP? Query....................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CURRent Command....................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CURRent? Query.........................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CURR:APPLy Command .............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CURRent:APPLy:SWEep Command ..........................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CURRent:APPLy:SWEep? Query...............................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:CURRent:POINts? Query............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:DWELl Command ........................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:DWELl? Query .............................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:DWELl:POINts? Query ................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:QUERy Command .......................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:QUERy? Query ............................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:REPeat Command.......................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:RESolution? Query .....................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SAMPle:CURRent Command .....................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SAMPle:VOLTage Command......................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SAMPle? Query ...........................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SET:SAMPle Command ..............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SET:SAMPle? Query ...................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SET:TRIGger Command .............................................................................................
BOP-1K 101509
B-6
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-8
B-8
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-11
B-11
B-11
B-11
B-11
B-11
B-12
B-12
B-12
B-12
B-12
B-12
B-12
B-13
B-13
B-14
B-14
B-15
B-15
B-15
B-15
B-16
B-16
B-16
B-16
B-16
B-16
B-17
B-17
B-17
B-17
B-18
B-18
B-18
B-18
B-18
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
B.71
B.72
B.73
B.74
B.75
B.76
B.77
B.78
B.79
B.80
B.81
B.82
B.83
B.84
B.85
B.86
B.87
B.88
B.89
B.90
B.91
B.92
B.93
B.94
B.95
B.96
B.97
B.98
B.99
B.100
B.101
B.102
B.103
B.104
B.105
B.106
B.107
B.108
B.109
B.110
B.111
B.112
B.113
B.114
B.115
B.116
B.117
B.118
B.119
B.120
B.121
B.122
B.123
B.124
B.125
B.126
B.127
B.128
vi
PAGE
[SOURce:]LIST:SET:TRIGger? QUERY ...............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SET:WAIT Command ...................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:SET:WAIT? QUERY.....................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:TRIGger Command......................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage Command ....................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage? Query .........................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:VOLT:APPLy Command...............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage:APPLy:SWEep Command...........................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage:APPLy:SWEep? Query ...............................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage:POINts? Query ............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:WAIT:HIGH Command .................................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:WAIT:LEDGe Command ..............................................................................................
[SOURce:]LIST:WAIT:LOW Command..................................................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] Command .......................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude]? Query............................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH] Command ..........................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH]? Query ...............................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative Command ......................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative? Query...........................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:positive Command .........................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:positive? Query ..............................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage:MODe Command..................................................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage:MODE? Query ......................................................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:BOTH Command .....................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH]? Query ........................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE Command.....................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE? Query .........................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:NeGative Command................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:NeGative? Query ....................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive Command.................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive? Query .....................................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:BOTH Command ............................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH]? Query ...............................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NeGative Command.......................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NeGative? Query ...........................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive Command........................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive? Query ............................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude] Command ........................................................
[SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude]? Query .............................................................
STATus:OPERation:CONDition? Query ...............................................................................................
STATus:OPERation:ENABle Command ...............................................................................................
STATus:OPERation:ENABle? Query ....................................................................................................
STATus:OPERation[:EVENt] Query......................................................................................................
STATus:PRESet Command...................................................................................................................
STATus:QUEStionable[:EVENt]? Query...............................................................................................
STATus:QUEStionable:CONDition? Query..........................................................................................
STATus:QUEStionable:ENABle Command ..........................................................................................
STATus:questionable:ENABle? Query ................................................................................................
SYSTem:BEEP Command .....................................................................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:GPIB:ADDRess Command ........................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:GPIB:ADDRess? Query .............................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:BAUD Command ............................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:BAUD? Query .................................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:ECHO Command ............................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:ECHO? Query ..................................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PACE Command ..............................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PACE? Query ...................................................................................
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PROMpt CommanD..........................................................................
B-19
B-19
B-19
B-19
B-19
B-19
B-22
B-22
B-22
B-22
B-22
B-23
B-24
B-24
B-24
B-24
B-24
B-25
B-25
B-25
B-25
B-25
B-26
B-26
B-26
B-26
B-26
B-27
B-27
B-27
B-27
B-27
B-27
B-27
B-28
B-28
B-28
B-28
B-28
B-28
B-29
B-29
B-29
B-29
B-29
B-29
B-30
B-31
B-31
B-31
B-31
B-31
B-31
B-31
B-31
B-32
B-32
B-32
BOP-1K 101509
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
B.129
B.130
B.131
B.132
B.133
B.134
B.135
B.136
B.137
B.138
B.139
B.140
B.141
B.142
B.143
B.144
B.145
B.146
PAGE
SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PROMpt? Query...............................................................................
SYSTem:ERRor? Query ........................................................................................................................
SYSTem:ERRor:CODE? Query.............................................................................................................
SYSTem:ERRor:CODE:ALL? Query .....................................................................................................
SYSTem:KEYBoard Command.............................................................................................................
SYSTem:KEYBoard? Query..................................................................................................................
SYSTem:PASSword:CENable Command ............................................................................................
SYSTem:PASSword:CDISable Command ...........................................................................................
SYSTem:PASSword:NEW Command...................................................................................................
SYSTem:PASSword:STATe? Query .....................................................................................................
SYSTem:REMote Command.................................................................................................................
SYSTem:REMote? Query......................................................................................................................
SYSTem:SECurity:IMMediate Command.............................................................................................
SYSTem:SET Command .......................................................................................................................
SYSTem:SET? Query ............................................................................................................................
SYSTem:VERSion? Query ....................................................................................................................
TRIGger:SOURce Command ................................................................................................................
TRIGger:SOURce? Query.....................................................................................................................
BOP-1K 101509
B-32
B-32
B-32
B-32
B-32
B-33
B-33
B-33
B-33
B-33
B-33
B-33
B-34
B-34
B-34
B-34
B-35
B-35
vii
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE
TITLE
PAGE
1-1
1-2
1-3
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-20
3-21
4-1
4-2
4-3
A-1
B-1
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-5
B-6
High Power BOP Series Power Supply......................................................................................................... x
1000W BOP Power Supply, Outline Drawing............................................................................................. 1-11
BOP Output Characteristics ....................................................................................................................... 1-16
BOP Series Rear Panel.............................................................................................................................. 2-1
Load Connections, Local Sensing.............................................................................................................. 2-12
Load Connections, Remote Sensing.......................................................................................................... 2-12
Parallel Configuration, Local Sensing, Typical ........................................................................................... 2-15
Parallel Configuration, Remote Sensing, Typical ....................................................................................... 2-16
Series Configuration, Local Sensing, Typical............................................................................................. 2-17
Series Configuration, Remote Sensing, Typical......................................................................................... 2-18
Typical Master/Slave Protection Interconnections ..................................................................................... 2-19
Master Power Up Screen ........................................................................................................................... 2-21
Power On Default Screen for Master Unit .................................................................................................. 2-22
Power On Default Screen for Slave Unit .................................................................................................... 2-23
3 x 2 (3 Series X 2 Parallel) Configuration, Local Sensing, Typical .......................................................... 2-25
BOP Series Front Panel ............................................................................................................................. 3-1
Front Panel Keypad.................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Power-up Screen Showing Graphic Meters ............................................................................................... 3-4
Power-up Screen Showing Time Line Graph ............................................................................................. 3-4
Password Protection Menu, Factory Defaults ............................................................................................ 3-9
General Setup Menu .................................................................................................................................. 3-14
Max/Min Settings Menu.............................................................................................................................. 3-15
Saved Setups Menu ................................................................................................................................... 3-23
Saved Waveforms Menu ............................................................................................................................ 3-26
Waveform Settings Menu ........................................................................................................................... 3-28
Sample Waveform...................................................................................................................................... 3-31
Remote Shutdown Using External Power, Standalone or Multiple units.................................................... 3-35
Remote Shutdown Using Internal Power, Standalone Units ...................................................................... 3-35
Remote Shutdown Using Internal Power, Multiple Units,........................................................................... 3-36
Remote Standby, Standalone or Multiple Units.......................................................................................... 3-36
Programming Example to Verify Previous Command has Completed....................................................... 3-43
RS 232 Implementation.............................................................................................................................. 3-50
Tree Diagram of SCPI Commands Used with BOP Power Supply ............................................................ 3-55
Message Structure ..................................................................................................................................... 3-59
Status Reporting Structure ......................................................................................................................... 3-62
Typical Example Of BOP Power Supply Program Using SCPI Commands............................................... 3-64
Calibration Setup........................................................................................................................................ 4-6
Current Shunt (Sense Resistor) Connections ............................................................................................ 4-8
Main Calibration Screen ............................................................................................................................. 4-11
GPIB Commands ....................................................................................................................................... A-3
Programming the Output ............................................................................................................................ B-3
Using List Commands to measure sample at End of Pulse ....................................................................... B-5
Using List Commands to measure sample at Start of Pulse ...................................................................... B-6
Setting Limits.............................................................................................................................................. B-8
Using LIST Commands and Queries.......................................................................................................... B-13
Using List:WAIT Commands to Control Generation of a Waveform Measured by
Multiple External Devices using a Single External Pulse ........................................................................ B-20
B-7
Using List:WAIT Commands to allow an external device time to
function while imposing a maximum wait time......................................................................................... B-21
B-8
Using List:WAIT Commands to Control Generation of a Waveform Measured by
Multiple External Devices using the Low-Going leading Edge of an External Pulse ............................... B-23
B-9
Using PROT:LIM:POS and PROT:LIM:POS Commands to Set Asymmetrical Limits ............................... B-26
B-10 Using Status Commands and Queries ....................................................................................................... B-30
B-11 Setting the Unit to Remote Mode via Serial (RS 232) Port ........................................................................ B-33
B-12 Using System Commands and Queries ..................................................................................................... B-34
viii
BOP-1K 101509
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-5
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-20
3-21
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
B-1
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-5
TITLE
PAGE
BOP 1000 Watt Model Parameters .............................................................................................................1-1
BOP General Specifications .......................................................................................................................1-2
Equipment Supplied ....................................................................................................................................1-15
Safety Symbols ...........................................................................................................................................1-15
Accessories .................................................................................................................................................1-17
Rear Panel Connector Functions ................................................................................................................2-2
IEEE 1118 Connector Input/Output Pin Assignments .................................................................................2-3
Trigger Port Pin Assignments .....................................................................................................................2-3
External Protection Connector Input/Output Pin Assignments ....................................................................2-3
RS232C PORT Input/Output Pin Assignments ...........................................................................................2-4
Parallel/Serial Control Out Port Pin Assignments .......................................................................................2-4
Parallel/Serial Control In Port Pin Assignments ..........................................................................................2-4
Parallel/Serial Protect In Port Pin Assignments ..........................................................................................2-5
Parallel/Serial Protect Out Port Pin Assignments .......................................................................................2-5
Analog I/O Port Input/Output Pin Assignments ...........................................................................................2-6
IEEE 488 Port Input/Output Pin Assignments .............................................................................................2-7
Multiple Units Menu Functions ....................................................................................................................2-20
Slave Status Message Definitions ..............................................................................................................2-22
Front Panel Controls and Indicators ...........................................................................................................3-2
Special Key Functions ................................................................................................................................3-3
Display (Operator Convenience) Menu Functions ......................................................................................3-10
Voltage and Current Parameter Definitions ................................................................................................3-13
Max/Min Settings Menu ..............................................................................................................................3-16
Power Supply Behavior when Output is set to OFF ....................................................................................3-20
Examples Showing How Power-up Settings Function ................................................................................3-21
Save/recall menu ........................................................................................................................................3-24
Sine, Triangle and Ramp Waveform Frequency vs. Points ........................................................................3-27
Square Waveform Frequency vs. Points ....................................................................................................3-27
Waveform Segment Details Menu ..............................................................................................................3-29
New Waveform Settings Menu ...................................................................................................................3-30
Error Message Explanations .......................................................................................................................3-33
Revisions/test Menu ....................................................................................................................................3-37
Analog Remote Setup Menu .......................................................................................................................3-38
Interface Settings Menu ..............................................................................................................................3-44
Operation of #RST Command ....................................................................................................................3-45
IEEE 488 (GPIB) Bus Interface Functions ..................................................................................................3-47
IEEE 488 (GPIB) Bus Command Mode Messages .....................................................................................3-47
IEEE 488 (GPIB) Bus Data Mode Messages ..............................................................................................3-48
Rules Governing Shortform Keywords ........................................................................................................3-58
Calibration Summary ..................................................................................................................................4-1
Suggested Sense Resistors ........................................................................................................................4-3
Voltage Calibration Measurements and Tolerances ...................................................................................4-4
Current Calibration Measurements and Tolerances ...................................................................................4-5
Calibration Storage ....................................................................................................................................4-16
IEEE 488.2 Command/query Index ........................................................................................................... A-1
Standard Event Status Enable Register and Standard Event Status Register Bits ................................... A-1
Service Request Enable and Status Byte Register Bits ............................................................................. A-5
Built-in test Error Codes ............................................................................................................................. A-6
SCPI Subsystem Command/query Index .................................................................................................. B-1
List Data Table ........................................................................................................................................... B-15
Operation Condition Register, Operation Enable Register,
and Operation Event Register Bits .......................................................................................................... B-28
Questionable Event Register, Questionable Condition Register
and Questionable Condition Enable Register Bits .................................................................................. B-29
Error Messages .......................................................................................................................................... B-35
BOP-1K 101509
ix
FIGURE 1-1. HIGH POWER BOP SERIES POWER SUPPLY
x
BOP-1K 101509
SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION
1.1
SCOPE OF MANUAL
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation and servicing of the BOP series
of 1000 Watt rack-mounted, 4-quadrant bipolar, programmable, voltage and current stabilized dc power supplies manufactured by Kepco, Inc., Flushing, New York, U.S.A.
NOTE:This manual does not apply to units with Firmware Rev less than 2.0.
1.2
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The BOP Series (Figure 1-1), hereafter referred to as BOP, are true 4-quadrant programmable
voltage and current power supplies, meaning they are capable of both sourcing and sinking
power. These bipolar power supplies pass smoothly through zero without switching to provide
true ± voltage and ± current. These BOP power supplies use switch mode technology for low
dissipation. A bi-directional, isolating, a-c input power factor correcting (PFC) circuit recuperates
energy sinked from an active load and sends it back into the line to maintain low dissipation.
These BOP power supplies are controlled digitally from a menu-driven front-panel keypad or
one of the standard remote digital interfaces (GPIB or RS 232) to set voltage and current and
the four protection limits (+voltage, –voltage, +current and –current.) A front panel rotary
adjuster allows real-time adjustment of the output. A large LCD displays the settings, mode and
the actual output voltage and current. Additionally, these BOP models can be remotely controlled by an analog ±10V input for the main channel (voltage or current), and a +1 to +10V input
for the limit channels.
BOP models are suitable for driving inductive loads such as large magnets or motors, and for
exercising batteries. They are also suitable for characterizing solar cell arrays, and powering
many electrochemical reactions.
1.3
SPECIFICATIONS
Table 1-1 below indicates parameters that vary for different 1000 Watt BOP models; Table 1-2
lists general specifications that apply to all 1000 Watt BOP models.
TABLE 1-1. BOP 1000 WATT MODEL PARAMETERS
d-c Output Range
Model
Closed Loop Gain
EO Max
IO Max
Voltage
Channel
Current
Channel
BOP 10-75MG
±10V d-c
±75A d-c
1.0
7.5
BOP 20-50MG
±20V d-c
±50A d-c
2.0
5.0
BOP 36-28MG
±36V d-c
±28A d-c
3.6
2.8
BOP 50-20MG
±50V d-c
±20A d-c
5.0
2.0
BOP 72-14MG
±72V d-c
±14A d-c
7.2
1.4
BOP 100-10MG
±100V d-c
±10A d-c
10.0
1.0
1000 WATT MODELS
NOTE: When connecting active loads, the steady-state voltage of the active load must not exceed the maximum
voltage rating of the BOP. Otherwise the overvoltage protection will shut down the power supply.
BOP HIPWR 101509
1-1
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
a-c voltage
nominal
range
Frequency
Current
176 - 264 Va-c
nominal
50-60 Hz
range
47 - 63 Hz
Single phase
176 Va-c
9.5A
maximum
264 Va-c
6.4A
maximum
Power factor
Source
0.99 minimum
Sink
0.97 minimum
Efficiency
65%
Switching frequency
70 KHz
EMC Compliance
EN61326-1 (1997)
EMC immunity to:
EMC emissions
230 Va-c
ESD
EN61000-4-2
Radiated RF
EN61000-4-3
EFT
EN61000-4-4
Surges
EN61000-4-5
nominal output power
minimum when sourcing
PFC Stage
Class A equipment
Electrostatic discharge
Electrical fast transient/burst
Conducted RF
EN61000-4-6
Conducted
EN61000-3-2
harmonics
EN61000-3-3
fluctuation & flicker
Conducted
EN55011/CISPR11
0.15 to 30 MHz
Radiated
EN55011/CISPR11
30 to 1000 MHz
Leakage current
3.5 mA
Insulation coordination
Input
230V a-c, 47-63 Hz
Installation Category II
Overvoltage Category II
Output
Installation Category II
Overvoltage Category II
Pollution degree
1
2
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Type of stabilizer
Switching frequency
Voltage-current, 4-quadrant
Switch mode
100KHz
Output Stage
Source adjustment
range
voltage
-100% to +100% of rating
0 to 50 deg C
current
-100% to +100% of rating
Sink adjustment range
voltage
-100% to +100% of rating
current
-100% to +100% of rating
Voltage
14 bits / 0.03%
Current
14 bits / 0.1%
Programming
resolution / accuracy
Readback
resolution / accuracy
Recuperated energy is sent
back into line for reuse
2% accuracy for Ext Ref Level (see PAR.
3.4.3.2). Unit gain adjustable between 0 and
EONOM (voltage) or EONOM (current).
Voltage Limit
12 bits / 0.3%
Current Limit
12 bits / 0.5%
Voltage
16 bits / 0.05%
main or limit channel
Current
16 bits / 0.1%
main or limit channel
NOTE 1 - Output characteristics are for a single standalone unit. Output characteristics of identical multiple unit parallel/series configurations are described in the Technical Manual associated with the applicable Cable Kit (see Table 1-5).
1-2
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
Sustain Output update rate
Readback
400 updates/sec
measurement rate
5 ms
measurement array
64 samples
step change timing
40µsec (default)
Voltage stabilization in
voltage mode
min-max input voltage
load effect
0.1% of rating
0-100% load current
0.02 of rating
0.5 through 8 hours
0.02%/deg C of rating
2% E0max p-p
Includes switching noise
source effect
0.05% of rating
min-max input voltage
load effect
0.2% of rating
0-100% load voltage
time effect (drift)
0.02% of rating
0.5 through 8 hours
ripple and noise
Error sensing
maximum excursion
Recovery time
voltage
Series operation
Parallel operation
Series-parallel Operation
0.02%/deg C of rating
2% I0max p-p
Includes switching noise
Above rated output
5% of nominal output
200 µsec
300V
Return within 0.1% of set voltage
Output to chassis ground
Master/slave
Maximum of identical 3 units,
up to 300V max.
Master/slave
Maximum of 5 identical units
Output overvoltage/overcurrent
Heatsink overtemperature,
switchers overcurrent
Internal overvoltage, undervoltage,
overcurrent, heat sink
overtemperature, fan inoperative
Input Stage Protection (PFC)
Input circuit breaker overcurrent
voltage channel
current channel
voltage channel
current channel
BOP HIPWR 101509
nominal voltage, 50% load step
Master/slave for both series and parallel
branches of identical units
voltage and current limited in four quadrants, adjustable between ±Internal minimum
EOMIN or IOMIN (box) (see Figure 1-3) and ±1.01 EONOM or IONOM.
Output Stage Protection
Rise/Fall time
0 to 50 deg C
0.25V per wire
2 series x 2 parallel
3 series x 2 parallel
Output Protection limiting
Small signal
Bandwidth
0 to 50 deg C
ripple and noise
temperature effect
Isolation
Allows rejection of line-related ripple/noise by
changing response time for output step
change (see PAR. B.9).
0.05% of rating
time effect (drift)
Transient recovery in
voltage mode
voltage and current
source effect
temperature effect
Current stabilization in
current mode
voltage or current
2 KHz minimum
800 Hz minimum
Triggers latched shutdown protection of the
output module and PFC stage. Recover by
cycling power off, then on or by pressing
RESET at the front panel.
Trips circuit breaker to shut off unit
Into nominal resistive load 10% of rating
Into short circuit, 10% of rating
250/200 µSec
Into nominal resistive load, measured from 10
to 90%, from 0 to ±100% of rating
0.7/1.2 mSec
Into short circuit, measured from 10 to 90%,
from 0 to ±100% of rating
1-3
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
PROGRAMMING/DISPLAY CHARACTERISTICS
Analog I/O Port
(See Table 2-10)
Main channel
(voltage or current)
–10V to +10V
Full range output, 20K Ohm input impedance
(see PAR. 3.4)
Protection Limit
channels:
(±Voltage, ±Current)
+1V to +10V
10% to 100% of Nominal Range. Input voltage
clamped to 12V through 1K ohms. Maximum
of 0.15mA input current at1V input voltage.
Voltage: open circuit or TTL logic 1
Current: short circuit or TTL logic 0
Available only when digitally activated through
Power-up setting..
Mode Control
Output Current 0 to ±10 Volts corresponds to zero to
Analog Readback ± Full Scale nominal output current
External Protection Port
(see Table 2-4)
External Shutdown
Isolated input for shutdown of the
BOP (latched status)
External Shutdown
Flag
Isolated output indicating
shutdown status)
Output impedance of this signal is 2K Ohms.
Pulse width: 100 microseconds min.
Action delay: 100 microseconds max
Restore operation by cycling input power or
pressing RESET key.
Action delay: 100 microseconds max
Action delay: 200 milliseconds max
External On-Off
Isolated output indicating
Flag output on (enabled, STANDBY off) or
off (disabled, STANDBY on) status)
Trigger Port
(See Table 2-3)
External Trigger
Shutdown
Isolated input for setting the BOP
in STANDBY (output off)
(latched status)
External Trigger
Input
Isolated input for trigger events
Digital control
Display
local
Panel-mounted keypad
remote
IEEE 488-2 (GPIB)
remote
RS 232
remote
RS 485 (BITBUS)
front panel
remote
Pulse width: 100 microseconds min.
Action delay: 200 milliseconds max
Restore operation by pressing STANDBY key.
or sending OUTP ON command via remote
interface.
Pulse width: 100 microseconds min.
Action delay: 500 microseconds max
Direct Entry
SCPI
IEEE 1118
4" backlit LCD displays all functions
All parameters read back on GPIB or RS 232 buses
FUNCTION GENERATOR CHARACTERISTICS (See PAR. 3.3.9)
Maximum number of waveforms
Maximum number of segments or basic waveforms per waveform
1-4
Local: 16
Remote: 1
Local: 10
Remote: 126
Local: Saved for power-up
Remote: Lost when the unit is turned off, must
be saved on the host computer)
Or maximum number of points (whichever
comes first)
•
The time interval for each segment
depends on the type of waveform: period
for ramp and square waveforms, period or
fraction of period for sine and triangular
waveforms and time interval for DC levels
•
Segments that cause the waveform to
exceed the maximum number of points are
not executed. For local operation they are
marked with a triple asterisk on the front
panel. For remote operation an error message is generated.
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
FUNCTION GENERATOR CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
Types of Basic waveforms
Maximum number of points per basic waveform
Sine (Sinusoidal waveform)
Triangle (Triangular waveform)
Pos. Ramp (Ramp waveform)
Neg. Ramp (Sawtooth waveform)
Square (50% Duty Cycle Pulse)
Level (DC waveform)
Local: 3933
Count (Number of repetitions)
Range: 1 to 255
For Count = 0 the waveform is executed indefinitely until stop command is sent
Waveform Name
10 characters maximum
Waveform Parameters
Type: Voltage or Current
•
Local: When the count is complete or if
execution is stopped using
, the output
of the unit is set to OFF (Standby indicator
lit). Output must be enabled (press
STANDBY) to execute the waveform
again.
•
Remote: When the count is complete or
the waveform is stopped using the
VOLT:MODE FIX command, the output
remains at last output value.
•
Type of waveform, voltage or current, can
be selected only for a new waveform and
consequently applies to all waveform segments. Changing the type for an existing
waveform is not possible, unless the waveform is erased first.
•
The Limit values (positive/negative) and
the count number apply to all waveform
segments and can be edited at the beginning of a new waveform or later when modifying a waveform (see PAR. 3.3.9.7).
•
All segments except the last may be set to
run once (Initial) or per the Count setting
(Repeating).
Positive Protection Limit:
(Vd-c or Ad-c)
Negative Protection Limit:
(Vd-c or Ad-c)
Count: number
Initial/Repeating
Basic waveform parameters
BOP HIPWR 101509
%
Sine: Frequency (Hz), Amplitude (Vp-p or Ap-p), Offset (Vd-c or Ad-c),
Start Phase (°), Stop Phase (°).
Triangular: Frequency (Hz), Amplitude (Vp-p or Ap-p), Offset (Vd-c or Ad-c), Start
Phase (°), Stop Phase (°).
Ramp (Pos. or Neg.): Frequency (Hz), Amplitude (Vp-p or Ap-p),
Offset (Vd-c or Ad-c).
Square: Frequency (Hz), Amplitude (Vp-p or Ap-p), Offset (Vd-c or Ad-c).
Level: Timing (sec), Amplitude (Vd-c or Ad-c).
•
Local: the Start/Stop phases, available for sine and triangle only, can be set or
edited by modifying the existing segment (see PAR. 3.3.9.7).
•
Remote: the start/stop phases are global parameters, applicable to all sine/ triangular waveform segments.
•
The Start/Stop points are independent and can have any value between 0° and
360°.
1-5
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
FUNCTION GENERATOR CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
LIST command characteristics for "string" type Maximum number of points
waveform (Remote only)
• For single (global) dwell time:
5900 (high resolution)
•
For <126 different dwell times:
3933
•
For >126 different dwell times:
2950
Note: Dwell time list must match (balance) the
amplitude list.
Dwell time range: 93usec to 34msec.
Dwell time resolution (increment):
0.751usec
Skip feature (a number of steps can
be skipped from the LIST at the first
run using LIST:COUN:SKIP.)
Able to synchronize a LIST command
with multiple BOP’s or other devices
using Trigger Port (see Table 2-4
NOTE).
Able to sample output voltage or current during LIST command execution (see Figures B-2 and B-3).
Waveform graphics displayed on LCD for both
Local and Remote operation
Local: The LCD represents the programming waveform graph of the main channel,
voltage for voltage mode or current for current mode.
•
There is no difference between programming and real output waveform, as long as
programmed Limits are not exceeded and the load is resistive. The programming
waveform representation does not taking into account the interaction between settings and load.
•
The graph timing is automatically selected for the best waveform representation.
•
Because the BOP unit is not an oscilloscope, the waveform representation is
sometimes very sketchy, especially if there is a large difference between the timing
of two adjacent segments or for a reduced number of repetitions of high frequency
waveform. Also, synchronization is difficult for low frequency waveforms.
Remote: When using LIST commands for waveform creation/ execution, the LCD displays the actual or real waveform graphs of the main and limit channel, voltage & current protection limit for voltage mode and current & voltage protection limit for current
mode. Main and Limit graphs are not phase correlated.
•
In order to get a meaningful representation, the graph timing must be chosen properly. It is recommended that the first value higher than total waveform time be chosen from the 12 time selections, spread from 0.04 second to 75 seconds.
Frequency:
Not applicable to Level
Range (Hz)
Programming Resolution (Hz)
0.01 to 443
Sine, Triangle
0.02 to 532
±Ramp
0.02 to 1000
Square
0.01
Accuracy
1.5% of Frequency
Range (Seconds):
0.0005 TO 5.0000
Sine, Triangle, Square, ±Ramp
Period (applicable to Level only)
Resolution:
Accuracy:
1-6
0.0001
1.5% of Time Duration
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
FUNCTION GENERATOR CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
Amplitude Range
Main Channel
Voltage (Volts p-p)
0 to 2 x EONOM
Sine, Triangle, Square, ±Ramp
Current (Amperes
p-p)
0 to 2 x IONOM
Sine, Triangle, Square, ±Ramp
Protection Limit Channel . Current, bipolar
(Amperes)
0 to IONOM
Voltage, bipolar
(Volts)
0 to EONOM
Offset
Voltage (Volts)
–EONOM to +EONOM
Current (Amperes)
(set once for all segments)
Applies to offset of sine, triangle, ±ramp, and
square waveforms and to Level waveform
Amplitude.
–IONOM to +IONOM
Amplitude Resolution (Programming)
Main Channel and Offset
Voltage (millivolts ac)
(millivolts d-c)
Current (milliamperes a-c)
(millivolts d-c)
Protection Limit Channel . Current, bipolar
(Amperes)
Voltage, bipolar
(Volts)
.35
1
.35
1
Sine
Triangle, Square, ±Ramp, Level:
Sine
Triangle, Square, ±Ramp, Level:
0.1
0.1
Amplitude Accuracy
Main Channel and Offset
Voltage
0.03% EONOM
Current
0.1% IONOM
Voltage
0.3% EONOM
Protection Limit Channel . Current
0.5% IONOM
Distortion (THD-F, Total Harmonic Distortion
relative to the fundamental component)
Start/Stop Angle (Phase)
Range
Programming Resolution
Accuracy
BOP HIPWR 101509
5% max.
Sine
13% max.
Triangle
70% max.
±Ramp
47% max.
Square
0 to 360°
Sine, Triangle
0.01°
Start Angle
1°
Stop Angle
1° @ 0.01Hz, to 16° @ 443 Hz
Frequency dependent
1-7
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
SAVE/RECALL CHARACTERISTICS (See PAR. 3.3.8)
Number of Locations
99
Parameters Saved or Recalled
All parameters saved for power-up.
Mode of operation
Reference type
Voltage, Current or External
For External the operating mode is determined by signal at I/O Port; no signal selects
voltage mode (see PAR. 3.4.2).
Internal, External or
External Reference Level
Main channel
Internal, External or
Lesser Limit
Limit channel
Main Amplitude
(Internal)
0 to EONOM or IONOM
(internal or external)
Main Channel:
Voltage (Volts) for Voltage mode,
Current (Amperes) for Current mode
Protection Limit Amplitude
(Internal)
EOMIN or IOMIN to
1.01 EONOM or IONOM
Limit Channel, Positive and Negative
Voltage (Volts) for Current mode,
Current (Amperes) for Voltage mode
Output status
ON or OFF
MISCELLANEOUS FEATURES
Maximum/Minimum Settings
Protection Limit
Type
Bipolar (default) or Independent
Main Channel
0 to EONOM or IONOM (default)
Software limit to setting of main channel
Voltage (Volts) for Voltage mode,
Current (Amperes) for Current mode
Protection Limit Channel
(maximum value, Internal)
EOMIN or IOMIN to
1.01 EONOM or IONOM (internal)
Software limit to setting of protection limit
channel.
Voltage (Volts) for Current mode
Current (Amperes) for Voltage mode
Load Type Settings
Active (default), Resistive,
Battery, Custom
Self-test capabilities
Display, Keypad, Interface, Serial
Interface, Analog, Output
Interface Settings
Data Format
SCPI (default), CIIL
GPIB Address
0 to 30 (6 = default)
Output Status @ Reset
Serial Baud Rate
Device Clear
XON/XOFF
Prompt
Calibration
1-8
Consult factory for custom setting.
Serial Interface test requires Loop Back Test
connector (p/o KIT 219-0436, see Table 1-5).
ON or OFF (OFF = default)
Off, 9600, 19200 (Off = default)
SCPI (default) or MATE
Enable (default) or Disable
Disable (default), Enable,
Enable with Echo
Assisted by front-panel prompts
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
MISCELLANEOUS FEATURES (Continued)
Power-up Settings
Mode
Voltage (default) or Current
Main Channel Internal (default), External or External
Reference Type
Reference Level (Gain Mode)
Protection Limit Channel
Reference type
Protection Limit
Levels
(Internal)
Output status
Password
Types
Internal (default), External
or Lesser Limit
EOMIN or IOMIN to
1.01 EONOM or IONOM
Applies to Limit channel
Voltage (Volts) for Current mode,
Current (Amperes) for Voltage mode
On (default) or Off
Main, Admin1, Admin2
Factory defaults: Main: DEFAULT,
Admin1: A, Admin2: KEPCO
Protection Choices Unprotected, Main, Admin1, Admin2 Password menu always protected by Admin2
Items Protected Interface, max/min , Load type, Test,
Calibration, Power-up, Keypad @
local, Keypad lockout at power-up,
Save Display Chg
(See Figure 3-5 for defaults)
Series, Parallel, Series x Parallel configurations of identical units
Single, Parallel, Series, 2 X 2, 3 X 2
Multiple unit configurations are protected by
Admin2 password.
Save Display Chg choice is Enable or Disable; when set to Disable, prevents changes
made to the display settings from being saved
for power up.
2 X 2 is two parallel branches of two seriesconnected identical units.
3 X 2 is two parallel branches of three seriesconnected identical units.
GENERAL (ENVIRONMENTAL) CHARACTERISTICS
Temperature
operating
storage
0 to +50 deg C
-20 to +85 deg C
Cooling
Two internal fans
Humidity
0 to 95% RH
Shock
Vibration
20g. 11msec ±50% half sine
BOP HIPWR 101509
exhaust to the rear
non-condensing
non-operating
5-10HZ:
10mm double amplitude
3 axes, non-operating
10-55HZ:
2g
3 axes, non-operating
a-c power
UL 3101-1 and EN 6101-1
Altitude
Safety Certification
Full rated load
sea level to 10,000 feet
Pending
1-9
TABLE 1-2. BOP GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
SPECIFICATION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
RATING/DESCRIPTION
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Dimensions
Weight, 1000W models
English
5.25' X 19" X 21.5"
HXWXD
metric
133.3mm X 482.6mm X 546.1mm
HXWXD
English
53 lbs
metric
Connections
Source power
Load connections
Sensing Output
Terminal Block
Nickel-plated copper bus bars
7-pin terminal block
Default: 3 links installed for local sensing and
ground network connected.
Analog I/O control
port
15-pin D female
See Figure 2-1, Table 2-10
PAR/SER CTRL IN
port
8-pin mini DIN connector
See Figure 2-1, Table 2-7
PAR/SER CTRL OUT
port
4-pin mini DIN connector
See Figure 2-1, Table 2-6
PAR/SER PROT IN
port
8-pin phone jack
See Figure 2-1, Table 2-8
PAR/SER PROT OUT
port
8-pin phone jack
See Figure 2-1, Table 2-9
EXT PROT port
6-pin phone jack
See Table 2-4
Primary digital port
1-10
24.1Kg
3-pin IEC connector
24-pin GPIB connector
6-pin phone jack
Secondary digital
ports
5-pin mini DIN female connector
External Trigger
4-pin stereo audio phone jack
IEEE 488 port - See Table 2-11
RS 232 port - See Table 2-5
IEEE 1118 port - See Table 2-2
See Table 2-3
BOP HIPWR 101509
FIGURE 1-2.
BOP HIPWR 101509
1000W BOP POWER SUPPLY, OUTLINE DRAWING (SHEET 1 OF 2)
1-11
FIGURE 1-2.
1-12
BOP POWER SUPPLY, OUTLINE DRAWING (SHEET 2 OF 2)
BOP HIPWR 101509
1.4
LOCAL CONTROL
Either the front panel keypad or the adjust control can set and adjust output voltage and current
under local control. The display provides a digital display of output voltage and current as well
as a pictorial display of real-time analog voltage and current meters.
The keypad includes five function keys which provide access to the menu-driven functions of
the unit. The menu screens provide access to save the unit’s settings, recall previously saved
settings, configure or execute a waveform, display references or configure the unit by setting
GPIB address, Serial protocols, maximum acceptable voltage and current, etc. (see PAR. 3.3
for details on local control).
Context-sensitive help screens are available by pressing the HELP key. Actual output voltage
and current displays are available while the help screens are displayed.
1.5
REMOTE CONTROL
The BOP Power Supply can be remotely controlled directly via either the IEEE 488.2 (GPIB)
bus (see PARs. 3.5 and 3.5.4) or RS232C (see PAR.3.5.6) interface using SCPI commands
(see and Appendix A and B). Most features available in local mode can also be accessed
remotely via the digital interface. The unit can be controlled with a VISA (Virtual Instrumentation
Software Architecture) driver to facilitate remote programming of the BOP Power Supply (see
PAR. 3.5.5). The VISA driver is an interface written in standard C language which adds the
proper SCPI syntax to commands sent to the BOP.
Programmed settings for main and protection channels are not displayed on the front panel
when in remote mode; these settings can be displayed if needed by setting Remote Debug to
ON (see PAR 3.2.5.2), however this slows power supply response.
The BITBUS is used to allow communication between identical BOP units that are connected in
series and/or parallel to expand the voltage or current range (see PAR. 2.8).
The BOP can also be controlled remotely using analog signal applied to the Analog I/O Port
(see PAR. 3.4 for details.)
1.6
FEATURES
1.6.1
DIGITAL CALIBRATION
The BOP Power Supply contains no internal adjustments. Calibration is done entirely via the
keypad (or remotely via the GPIB or RS 232 interface) using digital entries and a calibrated
DVM, a precision d-c reference voltage source and precision shunt resistor. Calibration instructions appear on the front panel after a password is entered; previous calibration values are
saved and can be restored using the remote interface if desired. The original factory calibration
values can also be restored using the remote interface. (Refer to Section 4.)
1.6.2
VOLTAGE/CURRENT PROTECTION
Positive and negative voltage and current protection values can be individually programmed.
Refer to PAR. 3.3.3.
BOP HIPWR 101509
1-13
1.6.3
WAVEFORMS
The BOP models have the capability to make the output follow complex waveforms. These may
be generated either externally, using an analog reference voltage (see PAR. 1.6.6), or internally,
using user-generated waveforms.
Up to 16 user-generated waveforms can be stored for later use. The user selects the operating
mode, positive and negative protection levels, and a count (the number of times the waveform is
to be repeated). Each waveform consists of up to 10 segments; each segment is assigned one
of six basic waveform types: square, sine, triangle, negative ramp, positive ramp and level.
Depending on the waveform type, frequency, peak-to-peak amplitude, offset, and start and stop
phase angle are then assigned by the user.
Segments at the beginning of the waveform can be programmed to be executed only once, or to
be repeated as specified by the count. A graphic representation on the LCD shows the waveform as segments are added and is displayed prior to execution. This feature provides unique
versatility for generating a waveform that meets user requirements. Refer to PAR. 3.3.9 for further details.
1.6.4
SAVING AND RECALLING SETTINGS
The BOP offers 99 memory locations accessible from the front panel that can be used to store a
set of operating parameters for later use. For each location, the user can store operating mode,
output on/off, Main channel reference type and value, and protection reference type and value.
The stored settings can then be recalled to quickly program the unit to the predetermined setting. Refer to PAR. 3.3.8 for further details.
1.6.5
EXTERNAL REFERENCE (ANALOG CONTROL)
An external reference, provided through the rear analog port connector (see Table 2-10), can be
used to control the output of the BOP. The external reference may be applied directly or can be
attenuated by the digital controls (see PAR. 3.4.3.2). The BOP will limit its output based on the
user configurable limits so that, in the event of a failure in the external reference, the devices
connected to the output are protected. Refer to PAR. 3.4 for further details on using external signals to control the output.
1.6.6
EXTERNAL LIMITS
When the unit is controlled by an external reference, the protection limits can also be controlled
by analog signals that are digitally calibrated. The BOP samples the limit channel inputs and
applies the proper limit levels at a 5 millisecond rate with the positive and negative limits being
sampled alternately. The external limit inputs are hardware-protected against overvoltage. Refer
to PAR. 3.4.4
1.6.7
USER-DEFINED VOLTAGE/CURRENT MAXIMUM VALUES (SOFTWARE LIMITS)
The BOP output can be programmed not to exceed user-defined values. For example, the BOP
36-28MG, which has a maximum capacity of ±36V, ±28A, can be limited to +30V, –10V, +5A, 1A for working with circuitry that might be damaged by higher levels. Once the limits are set, values exceeding the limit values will not be accepted, including external references and protection
limits. Refer to PAR. 3.3.4.1.
1.6.8
PARALLEL AND SERIES CONFIGURATIONS
Identical BOP units may be configured in series, parallel or parallel-series (2 X 2 or 3 X 2) configurations. The 2 X 2 configurations doubles both output voltage and output current, the 3 X 2
1-14
BOP HIPWR 101509
configuration triples the output voltage and doubles the output current. If a series/parallel configuration is enabled, communication between the master BOP and those configured as slave
units occurs via the BITBUS. Refer to PAR. 2.8 for further details.
1.6.9
ENERGY RECUPERATION
The BOP is a four-quadrant device as shown in Figure 1-3. Operating as a source, it delivers
energy into a passive load, and as a sink it operates as an electronic load, absorbing and dissipating energy from an active load. To minimize energy dissipation, the BOP employs energy
recuperation, where energy sinked from an active load is passed backwards through the output
circuit and the bidirectional input power factor correcting circuit to the a-c power lines, where it
becomes available for reuse. This technology allows high power levels using switch-mode technology while maintaining high efficiency and reduced size and weight.
1.7
EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED
Equipment supplied with the BOP power supply is listed in Table 1-3.
TABLE 1-3. EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED
ITEM
FUNCTION
PART NUMBER
Source Power Entry mating connector
Mates with source power entry connector
142-0381 (Kepco) (IEC 320)
PAR/SER CONTROL - IN
mating connector
Mates with PAR/SER CONTROL - IN port to allow
access to pins required for calibration
142-0488 (Kepco)
1.8
ACCESSORIES
Accessories for the BOP Power Supply are listed in Table 1-5.
1.9
SAFETY
Service must be referred to authorized personnel. Using the power supply in a manner not
specified by Kepco. Inc. may impair the protection provided by the power supply. Observe all
safety precautions noted throughout this manual (see listing on page E, preceding the Table of
Contents). Table 1-4 lists symbols used on the power supply or in this manual where applicable.
TABLE 1-4. SAFETY SYMBOLS
SYMBOL
Meaning
WARNING! RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK!
!
BOP HIPWR 101509
CAUTION: REFER TO REFERENCED PROCEDURE.
WARNING
INDICATES THE POSSIBILITY OF BODILY INJURY
OR DEATH.
CAUTION
INDICATES THE POSSIBILITY OF EQUIPMENT
DAMAGE.
1-15
FIGURE 1-3.
1-16
BOP OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 1-5. ACCESSORIES
ITEM
FUNCTION
PART NUMBER
Mating Connector, Trigger
Mates with Trigger port.
142-0527 (Kepco)
SP2501 (CUI Stack)
IEEE 1118 (BITBUS)
Mating connector
Allows connection to IEEE 1118 (BITBUS) port.
142-0485 (Kepco)
KMDLA-5P (Kycon Inc.)
IEEE 488 Cable, (1 meter long) Connects BOP power supply to GPIB bus.
SNC 488-1
IEEE 488 Cable, (2 meter long) Connects BOP power supply to GPIB bus.
SNC 488-2
IEEE 488 Cable, (4 meter
longs)
Connects BOP power supply to GPIB bus.
SNC 488-4
Interconnection Kit for multiple
identical power supplies in parallel (increase output current)
Cables required to connect multiple BOP models in parallel for
increased current capability, e.g., connecting two BOP 1075MG models in parallel to produce a virtual BOP 10-150MG.
Interconnection Kit for multiple Cables required to connect multiple BOP models in series for
increased voltage capability, e.g., connecting two BOP 10identical power supplies in
series (increase output voltage) 75MG models in series to produce a virtual BOP 20-75MG.
KIT 219-0449 (2 in parallel)
KIT 219-0446 (3 in parallel)
KIT 219-0447 (4 in parallel)
KIT 219-0448 (5 in parallel)
KIT 219-0443 (2 in series)
KIT 219-0444 (3 in series)
Interconnection Kit for multiple
identical power supplies connected in two parallel branches
each comprised of 2 or 3 units
connected in series
Cables required to connect two parallel branches of series con- KIT 219-0480 (2 in series X 2
parallel branches)
nected power supplies.
KIT 219-0481 (3 in series X 2
KIT 219-0480 is used for 2 parallel connected branches of 2
parallel branches)
series connected units. The four (total) power supplies provide
double the output current and double the output voltage of a a
single unit
KIT 219-0481 is used for 2 parallel connected branches of 3
series-connected units. The six (total) power supplies provide
double the output current and triple the output voltage of a a
single unit
Line Cord (250V, 20A)
Provides connection to a-c mains via Nema 6-20P connector.
118-1087
Line Cord (250V, 20A)
Provides connection to a-c mains via Nema L6-20P locking
type connector.
118-1088
RS 232 Cable Kit
Contains RJ11 to RJ45 Patch cord, RJ 45 Patch cord, two RS
232 adapters, one with male pins to connect to DTE equipment
and one with female pins to connect to a PC (personal computer), two RS 232 Loop Back test Connectors (one 6-pin and
one 8-pin) to test RS 232 communication and aid in isolating
RS 232 communication problems.
KIT 219-0436
RS 232 Adapter (Male pins)
Allows RS 232 port to be connected to DTE equipment. (Supplied in KIT 219-0436.)
142-0487
(L-COM RA098M)
RS 232 Adapter (Female pins)
Allows RS 232 port to be connected to a PC (personal computer). (Supplied in KIT 219-0436.)
142-0506
(L-COM RA098F)
15-pin DSUB Connector
Mating connector for Analog input connector A2A5J6
Dsub 15 pin hood
Dsub 15 pin male
108-0374
(Tyco-Amp 207470-1)
142-0449
(Amphenol 17S-DA15P)
IDC 6-pin connector
Mating connector for RS-232 PORT, connector A1J5 and PROTECTION EXT. PORT, connector A2A5J7
142-0536
(Amphenol 5-555176-3)
IDC 8-pin plug
Mating connector for PAR/SER PROTECT PORT (IN and
OUT) connectors.
142-0535
(Amphenol 5-555176-3)
BOP HIPWR 101509
1-17
TABLE 1-5. ACCESSORIES (CONTINUED)
ITEM
Slides
Heat Sink
1-18
FUNCTION
PART NUMBER
Allows easy withdrawal of unit from rack (see Figure 1-2).
(Model CS 04 includes slides, brackets, all mounting hardware
and installation instructions.)
CS 04
Provides adequate cooling for calibration sense resistors.
136-0451
BOP HIPWR 101509
SECTION 2 - INSTALLATION
2.1
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
This instrument has been thoroughly inspected and tested prior to packing and is ready for
operation. After careful unpacking, inspect for shipping damage before attempting to operate.
Perform the preliminary operational check as outlined in PAR. 2.3. If any indication of damage is
found, file an immediate claim with the responsible transport service.
2.2
TERMINATIONS AND CONTROLS
a) Front Panel: Refer to Figure 3-1 and Table 3-1.
b) Rear Panel: Refer to Figure 2-1 and Table 2-1.
FIGURE 2-1.
BOP HIPWR 101509
BOP SERIES REAR PANEL
2-1
TABLE 2-1. REAR PANEL CONNECTOR FUNCTIONS
NUMBER
(FIGURE 2-1)
CONNECTOR/TERMINAL
(REFERENCE DESIGNATOR)
1
IEEE 1118 (BITBUS)
(1)
PORT
(connector A1J4)
2
TRIGGER
(connector A1J3)
3
IEEE 488 (GPIB) PORT
(connector A1J6)
4
ANALOG I/O PORT
(connector A2A5J6)
5
PARALLEL/SERIAL
CONTROL PORT
(connectors A2A5J3, IN
and A2A5J4, OUT)
Provides interconnections used to control parallel or serial configurations of identical BOP’s as a single power supply (see Table 2-7 for A2A5J3, IN and Table 2-6 for
A2A5J4, OUT).
6
PARALLEL/SERIAL
PROTECT PORT
(connectors A2A5J1, IN
and A2A5J2 OUT)
Provides interconnections used to control protection shutdown of power supplies
connected in parallel or serial configurations (see Table 2-8 for A2A5J1, IN and
Table 2-9 for A2A5J2, OUT).
7
EXT PROTECT PORT
(connector A2A5J7)
Provides means for controlling protection via external circuitry and provides status
flags to external circuitry. (See Table 2-4.)
8
INPUT connector
(connector A7J1)
9
2-2
Monitor and Sensing
terminal block
(terminal block A7A1TB1)
FUNCTION
Used for multiple identical BOP master/slave parallel, and series and series-parallel
configurations (refer to PAR. 2.8, see Table 2-2).
May be used to initiate BOP output. (See Table 2-3.)
Used for Remote control of the BOP via the IEEE 488 (GPIB) interface (See Table
2-11.)
Provides interface for analog input/output signals. (See Table 2-10.)
Connects source power to unit.
Pin 1 - Line (or Line 1 without Neutral connection)
Pin 2 - Neutral (or Line 2 without Neutral connection)
Pin 3 - Ground (Protective conductor terminal)
Terminal block provides external connections as follows:
OUT S: Sense line connection to load (compensate for voltage drop on connections
to load.) See PAR. 2.5.6 and 2.5.7 (Terminal 2).
OUT MON: Monitor connection used to monitor output voltage at power terminals
and to implement local sensing (Terminal 3).
GND NET: Grounding network connection (Terminal 4). See PAR. 2.5.3.1.
GND: Chassis ground connection (Terminal 5).
COM MON: Monitor return connection (Terminal 6). Used to monitor output voltage
at power terminals and to implement local sensing.
COM S: Sense line return connection from load (Terminal 7) See PAR. 2.5.6 and
2.5.7
10
terminals
11
COMMON
(terminal A7J3)
Frame or chassis terminals
Power output return from load.
12
OUTPUT
(terminal A7J2)
Power output connection to load.
13
RS232 PORT
(connector A1J5)
Used for Remote control of the BOP via the RS 232 serial interface. (See Table 2-5
for details.)
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 2-2. IEEE 1118 CONNECTOR INPUT/OUTPUT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
IEEE 1118 (BITBUS)
PORT
(connector A1J4)
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
FUNCTION
1, 3 (shorted)
CONTROL BUS “A”
IEEE 1118, referenced to pins 5, 8
(2-Wire Differential Interface)
5, 8 (shorted)
CONTROL BUS “B”
IEEE 1118, referenced to pins 1, 3
(2-Wire Differential Interface)
6
TERMINATOR
Connect to pin 5 or 8 to add an internal termination resistor
to first/last unit on the daisy chain.
TABLE 2-3. TRIGGER PORT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
TRIGGER PORT
(connector A1J3)
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
1
LOGIC GND
Return for TRIGGER and SHUTDOWN signals.
FUNCTION
2
SHUTDOWN
Logic 0 disables the output and puts the unit in standby, however Logic 1 (TTL or 5V CMOS level) does NOT enable the
output. STANDBY key or a remote OUTP ON command must
be used to enable the output. Response to this signal is relatively slow (200mS max).
3
NOT USED
4
EXT. TRIGGER INPUT
Logic 0 causes a trigger event. Logic 1 (TTL or 5V CMOS
level) rearms the trigger feature.
TABLE 2-4. EXTERNAL PROTECTION CONNECTOR INPUT/OUTPUT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
EXT. PROTECT PORT
(connector A2A5J7)
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
FUNCTION
1
SD_EXT_K
Cathode of LED optocoupler (through a 510 ohm resistor) which is
used for external isolated shutdown. Anode of LED is connected to
(A2A5J7) pin 2. A positive voltage (3.5 to 15V) at pin 2 (referenced to
pin 1) shuts down the unit functionality. The unit remains powered,
but no output is available and the red front panel FAULT LED will go
ON. Response is relatively fast (100µS max.). To resume normal
operation it is necessary to cycle power off, then on (preferred) or
briefly press the RESET key on the front panel keypad.
2
SD_EXT_A
Anode of LED optocoupler which is used for external isolated shutdown. (See pin 1 above.)
3
PG_EXT_C
Collector of optocoupler-transistor which is used for external isolated
“power OK” flag. Transistor emitter is connected to (A2A5J7) pin 4.
When unit is operating normally, transistor is saturated. Current
through transistor should not exceed 5mA and supply voltage should
not exceed 15V.
4
PG_EXT_E
Emitter of optocoupler-transistor which is used for external isolated
“power OK” flag. (See pin 3 above.)
5
EXT_C
Collector of optocoupler-transistor which is used for external isolated
“Output OFF” flag. Transistor emitter is connected to (A2A5J7) pin 6.
When output is OFF, transistor is saturated. Current through transistor should not exceed 3mA and supply voltage should not exceed
15V. See NOTE below for alternate function.
6
EXT_E
Emitter of optocoupler-transistor which is used for external isolated
“output OFF” flag. (See pin 5 above.)
NOTE: Upon receipt of LIST:SET:TRIG command (PAR B.70), the Output Off flag (EXT_C/EXT_E) no longer represents output on/
off state. Instead, this signal can be used to trigger an external device. The transistor state (conducting or not conducting)
and the pulse width duration is controlled by the LIST:SET:TRIG command. Upon receipt of LIST:CLE command (PAR
B.47) the Output Off flag reverts to representing output on/off status as described above.
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-3
TABLE 2-5. RS232C PORT INPUT/OUTPUT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
PIN
RS 232
PORT
A1J5
SIGNAL NAME
FUNCTION
1
RTS
Request To Send (protocol not used)
2
RXD
Receive Data
3
TXD
Transmit Data
4
LOGIC GND
Logic Ground
5
LOGIC GND
Logic Ground
6
CTS
Clear To Send (protocol not used)
TABLE 2-6. PARALLEL/SERIAL CONTROL OUT PORT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
PIN
PARALLEL/SERIAL
CONTROL OUT
PORT
(A2A5J4)
SIGNAL NAME
1
SGND
2
No connection
3
4
S_IN_PARALLEL
FUNCTION
Local signal ground
Relayed signal for daisy chain connection. (See PARALLEL/SERIAL IN
PORT (A2A5J3) pin 3)
No connection
TABLE 2-7. PARALLEL/SERIAL CONTROL IN PORT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
1
SGND
2
No connection
S_IN_PARALLEL
3
PARALLEL/SERIAL
CONTROL IN PORT
(A2A5J3)
4
No connection
5
No connection
IOUT_M_UNIT
6
7
2-4
Local signal ground
Input for programming output current of a parallel-connected slave. Provided by master unit.
Level: –10V to +10V controls the current between –IOnom to +IOnom.
Output for programming slave current when the unit is a parallel-connected master
Level: –10V to +10V programs slave current to –IOnom to +IOnom.
No connection
S_IN_SERIAL
8
FUNCTION
Input for programming output voltage of a series-connected slave. Provided by master unit or from previous slave if multiple slaves connected.
Level: –EOnom to +EOnom controls programs output voltage from
+EOnom to –EOnom.
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 2-8. PARALLEL/SERIAL PROTECT IN PORT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
Anode of LED optocoupler which is part of protection circuit for parallel
or series combination. Cathode of LED is connected to PARALLEL/
SERIAL PROTECT OUT PORT (A2A5J2) pin 1 (see Table 2-9). When
activated, the optocoupler shuts down the unit. LEDs from all units of the
parallel or series combination are connected in series.
PGOUT_C
Collector of optocoupler transistor which is part of protection circuit for
parallel or series combination. Transistor emitter is connected to PARALLEL/SERIAL PROTECT OUT PORT (A2A5J2) pin 2 (see Table 2-9).
When unit is operating normally, transistor is saturated. Transistors from
all units of the parallel or series combination are connected in series.
SD_RETURN
Completes return connection for the protection circuit which receives
energy from the master unit.
1
2
PARALLEL/SERIAL
PROTECT IN PORT
(A2A5J1)
3
FUNCTION
SD_A
4
No connection
5
No connection
6
No connection
7
GND
Local power ground.
ALLOW EXT_ERR
Provides energy for the protection circuit (master unit only). Disabled at
power up to prevent shutdown during power up.
8
TABLE 2-9. PARALLEL/SERIAL PROTECT OUT PORT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
PIN
1
2
PARALLEL/SERIAL
PROTECT OUT
PORT
(A2A5J2)
BOP HIPWR 101509
3
SIGNAL NAME
FUNCTION
SD_K
Cathode of LED optocoupler which is part of protection circuit for parallel
or series combination. (See IN port (A2A5J1) pin 1,Table 2-8.)
PGOUT_E
Emitter of optocoupler transistor which is part of protection circuit for
parallel or series combination. (See IN port (A2A5J1) pin 2,Table 2-8.)
SD_RETURN
Relayed connection, provides return for the protection circuit which
receives energy from the master unit.
4
No connection
5
No connection
6
No connection
7
No connection
8
No connection
2-5
TABLE 2-10. ANALOG I/O PORT INPUT/OUTPUT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
FUNCTION
CAUTION: IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT SOURCE POWER OF EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT CONNECTED TO THE ANALOG PORT BE APPLIED THROUGH AN ISOLATING TRANSFORMER TO AVOID GROUND LOOPS OR POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO THE BOP DUE TO
INCORRECT EQUIPMENT A-C WIRING (E.G., DEFEATING OF GROUND CONNECTION).
1
2
VM-/CM
External input signal, TTL logic referenced to pin 9, controls the mode
of operation when using external reference (goes to the digital board
that changes VM-/CM signal). Logic 0 (or pin grounded) = current
mode, logic 1 (or pin not connected, the default) = voltage mode (see
PAR. 3.4.2).
3
IOUT_DMM
Output analog signal through 2K ohm resistor referenced to pin 4 for
monitoring overall output current, 0V to ± 10V corresponds to zero to ±
full scale current.
4
SGND
Signal Ground used for IOUT_DMM (pin 3) return.
– I_LIM_EXT
Analog input signal referenced to pin 12, 0V to +10V sets the negative
current limit between zero and –IOmax, +10V corresponds to rated
maximum current (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG +10V sets negative current
limit to –28A) (see PAR. 3.4.4). Open = disabled (see NOTE 1).
6
– V_LIM_EXT
Analog input signal, 0V to +10V, sets the negative voltage limit
between zero and –EOmax, +10V corresponds to rated maximum voltage (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG +10V sets negative voltage limit to –36V).
Open = disabled. (See PAR. 3.4.4.) Open = disabled (see NOTE 1).
7
NC
8
NC
5
ANALOG I/O
PORT
A2A5J6
NC
9
GND
10
SGND
11
EXT_REF
12
GND1
Ground - Used for VM-/CM (pin 2) return
Signal Ground (used for EXT_REF (pin 11) return
External analog reference signal referenced to pin 10, used for both
voltage mode and current mode, 0V to ±10V corresponds to zero to ±
rated nominal (full scale), voltage or current (see PAR. 3.4.3).
Ground (Used for pin 5, 6, 13 and 14 return)
+I_LIM_EXT
Analog input signal referenced to pin 12, 0V to +10V sets the positive
current limit between zero and IOmax; +10V corresponds to rated maximum current (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG +10V sets positive current limit to
+28A) (see PAR. 3.4.4). Open = disabled (see NOTE 1).
14
+V_LIM_EXT
Analog input signal, 0V to +10V sets the positive voltage limit between
zero and EOmax, +10V corresponds to rated maximum voltage (e.g.,
for BOP 36-28MG +10V sets positive current limit to +36V. Open = disabled. (See PAR. 3.4.4.) (see NOTE 1).
15
NC
13
NOTE 1. When disabled, the external limit channels are automatically set 20% higher than BOP nominal references.
2.3
PRELIMINARY OPERATIONAL CHECK
A simple operational check after unpacking and before equipment installation is advisable to
ascertain whether the power supply has suffered damage resulting from shipping.
Refer to Figures 2-1 and 3-1 for location of operating controls and electrical connections. Tables
3-1 and 3-2 explain the functions of operating controls/indicators and keypad keys, respectively.
Refer to PAR. 3.2 for a description of basic operating techniques.
2-6
BOP HIPWR 101509
1. With POWER switch set to off position, connect the power supply to source power (see PAR.
2.5.2).
2. With no load connected, set POWER switch to the ON position. Each time the unit is turned
on an internal self-test is performed. The alphanumeric display (LCD) shows the processor
firmware revision history and lists various tests performed during the internal self-test. As
each test is completed, PASS or FAIL is displayed. If all tests pass, the unit goes into the
default mode. If a failure occurs, the failure is displayed. Figure 3-3 shows the factory configured power on defaults displayed on the LCD.
TABLE 2-11. IEEE 488 PORT INPUT/OUTPUT PIN ASSIGNMENTS
CONNECTOR
IEEE 488
PORT
J5
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
FUNCTION
1
DI01
I/O Line
2
DI02
I/O Line
3
DI03
I/O Line
4
DI04
I/O Line
5
EOI
End or Identify
6
DAV
Data Valid
7
NRFD
Not Ready for Data
8
NDAC
Not Data Accepted
9
IFC
Interface Clear
10
SRQ
Service Request
11
ATN
Attention
12
SHIELD
Shield
13
DI05
I/O Line
14
DI06
I/O Line
15
DI07
I/O Line
16
DI08
I/O Line
17
REN
Remote Enable
18
GND
Ground (signal common)
19
GND
Ground (signal common)
20
GND
Ground (signal common)
21
GND
Ground (signal common)
22
GND
Ground (signal common)
23
GND
Ground (signal common)
24
LOGIC GND
Logic Ground
3. Connect a digital voltmeter (DVM) (resolution and accuracy of 0.01% or better) to the
OUTPS and COMS terminals at the rear panel terminal block.
4. Use the keypad to enter the rated maximum voltage of the power supply (e.g., enter 36 for a
model BOP 36-28MG) and press ENTER. If STANDBY indicator is lit, press STANDBY key.
5. Verify DVM voltage reading agrees with programmed voltage within 0.03% of rated maximum voltage and agrees with displayed voltage on LCD within 0.05% of rated maximum
voltage.
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-7
2.4
INSTALLATION
2.4.1
RACK MOUNTING
The unit is shipped with four feet attached to bottom of the unit which must be removed prior to
installation (see Figure 1-2). The BOP is designed to be rack mounted in a standard 19-inch
wide rack using the mounting ears (supplied) attached to the front panel (see Figure 1-2). Allow
a minimum of 7/8 in. (22.2 mm) above and below the unit to permit air intake necessary for
proper cooling of the unit. CAUTION: THE RACK MUST PROVIDE SUPPORT AT THE REAR
(WITHIN 6 INCHES OF THE REAR PANEL). OPTIONAL SLIDES CAN ALSO BE USED (SEE
PAR. 2.4.2).
2.4.2
SLIDE INSTALLATION
Optional slides are available for rack mounting (see Table 1-5 and Figure 1-2).
2.5
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
Interconnections between an a-c power source and a power supply, and between the power
supply and its load are as critical as the interface between other types of electronic equipment.
If optimum performance is expected, certain rules for the interconnection of source, power supply and load must be observed by the user. These rules are described in detail in the following
paragraphs.
CAUTION: WHEN WORKING WITH ACTIVE LOADS, THE VOLTAGE OR CURRENT OF
THE ACTIVE LOAD MUST NOT EXCEED THE MAXIMUM VOLTAGE OR CURRENT RATING OF THE BOP. OTHERWISE THE OVERVOLTAGE OR OVERCURRENT PROTECTION WILL SHUT DOWN THE POWER SUPPLY.
2.5.1
SAFETY GROUNDING
Local, national and international safety rules dictate the grounding of the metal cover and case
of any instrument connected to the a-c power source, when such grounding is an intrinsic part of
the safety aspect of the instrument. The ground terminal of the source power connector (Figure
2-1) is connected to the chassis and the instructions below suggest wiring methods which comply with these safety requirements; however, in the event that the specific installation for the
power system is different from the recommended wiring, it is the customer's responsibility to
ensure that all applicable electric codes for safety grounding requirements are met. As a precaution, always connect the stud marked
at the rear panel to proper earth ground.
2.5.2
SOURCE POWER CONNECTIONS
Source power is connected to the power supply via three-wire input power using the source
power mating connector supplied (see Table 1-3). See Table 1-2 for source power specifications. This power supply operates from single phase a-c mains power over the specified voltage
and frequency ranges (Table 1-2) without any need for range selection.
2.5.3
D-C OUTPUT GROUNDING
Connections between the power supply and the load and sensing connections may, despite all
precautions such as shielding, twisting of wire pairs, etc., be influenced by radiated noise, or
“noise pick-up”. To minimize the effects of this radiated noise the user should consider grounding one side of the power supply/load circuit. The success of d-c grounding requires careful
analysis of each specific application, however, this recommendation can only serve as a general
guideline.
2-8
BOP HIPWR 101509
One of the most important considerations in establishing a successful grounding scheme is to
avoid GROUND LOOPS. Ground loops are created when two or more points are grounded at
different physical locations along the output circuit. Due to the interconnection impedance
between the separated grounding points, a difference voltage and resultant current flow is
superimposed on the load. The effect of this ground loop can be anything from an undesirable
increase in output noise to disruption of power supply and/or load operation. The only way to
avoid ground loops is to ensure that the entire output/load circuit is fully isolated from ground,
and only then establish a single point along the output/load circuit as the single-wire ground
point.
The exact location of the “best” d-c ground point is entirely dependent upon the specific application, and its selection requires a combination of analysis, good judgement and some amount of
empirical testing. If there is a choice in selecting either the OUTPUT or COMMON output terminals of the power supply for the d-c ground point, both sides should be tried, and preference
given to the ground point producing the least noise. For single, isolated loads the d-c ground
point is often best located directly at one of the output terminals of the power supply; when
remote error sensing is employed, d-c ground may be established at the point of sense lead
attachment. In the specific case of an internally-grounded load, the d-c ground point is automatically established at the load.
The output and common terminals of BOP power supplies are d-c isolated (“floating”) from the
chassis in order to permit the user maximum flexibility in selecting the best single point ground
location. Care must be taken in measuring the ripple and noise at the power supply: measuring
devices which are a-c line operated can often introduce additional ripple and noise into the circuit.
There is, unfortunately, no “best” method for interconnecting the load and power supply. Individual applications, location and nature of the load require careful analysis in each case. Grounding a single point in the output circuit can be of great importance. It is hoped that the preceding
paragraphs will be of some assistance in most cases. For help in special applications or difficult
problems, consult directly with Kepco's Application Engineering Department.
2.5.3.1
GROUNDING NETWORK CONFIGURATION
When the output is floating there is a tendency for large changes in output voltage to affect the
digital programming section, possibly resulting in an erroneous output. Decoupling capacitors
from each of the two output terminals to the chassis via a terminal block link form a grounding
network. The grounding network is designed to reduce high frequency noise and ensure that the
digital programming section is not adversely affected by the dynamic swing of the output. The
power supply is shipped with the grounding network connected: a connection between terminals
TB1-4 (GND NET) and TB1-5 (GND). To disconnect the grounding network from the output,
remove the connection across TB1-4 and TB1-5.
2.5.4
POWER SUPPLY/LOAD INTERFACE
The general function of a voltage- or current-stabilized power supply is to deliver the rated output quantities to the connected load. The load may have any conceivable characteristic: it may
be fixed or variable, it may have predominantly resistive, capacitive or inductive parameters; it
may be located very close to the power supply output terminals or it may be a considerable distance away. The perfect interface between a power supply and its load would mean that the
specified performance at the output terminals would be transferred without impairment to any
load, regardless of electrical characteristics or proximity to each other.
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-9
The stabilized d-c power supply is definitely not an ideal voltage or current source, and practical
interfaces definitely fall short of the ideal. All voltage-stabilized power supplies have a finite
source impedance which increases with frequency, and all current-stabilized power supplies
have a finite shunt impedance which decreases with frequency. The method of interface
between the power supply output and the load must, therefore, take into account not only the
size with regard to minimum voltage drop, but the configuration with regard to minimizing the
impedance introduced by practical interconnection techniques (wire, bus bars, etc.). The series
inductance of the load wire must be as small as possible as compared to the source inductance
of the power supply: although the error sensing connection to the load compensates for the d-c
voltage drop in the power leads, it cannot compensate for the undesirable output effects of the
power lead inductance. These lead impedances (both power and sensing leads) are especially
important if the load: is constantly modulated or step-programmed; has primarily reactive characteristics; or where the dynamic output response of the power supply is critical to load performance.
2.5.5
LOAD CONNECTION - GENERAL
Load connections to the BOP power supply are achieved via the OUTPUT and COMMON bus
bar-type terminals located on the rear panel. A barrier strip is provided at the rear panel for connection of the sense wires to the load (for remote sensing or multiple unit applications).
CAUTION: NEVER CONNECT THE LOAD TO THE SENSE TERMINALS. MONITORING
INSTRUMENTS (E.G., DVM, ETC.) ARE THE ONLY EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT
THAT MAY BE SAFELY CONNECTED TO THE SENSE TERMINALS.
CAUTION: NEVER CONNECT THE BOP OUTPUT TERMINAL (OR THE LOAD TERMINAL
TIED TO THE OUTPUT TERMINAL) TO EARTH-GROUND. OTHERWISE, IF
THE CONTROLLING DEVICE IS GROUNDED, THE BOP CAN BE DAMAGED
BY THE PROTECTION LIMIT OUTPUT CURRENT FLOWING INSIDE THE BOP
ALONG THE PROGRAMMING SIGNAL RETURN PATH.
CAUTION: DO NOT CONNECT BOTH THE LOAD AND THE PROGRAMMING DEVICE
RETURN (COMMON) TO EARTH-GROUND POTENTIAL. OTHERWISE, IF THE
COMMON POWER CONNECTION BETWEEN THE BOP AND THE LOAD IS
LOST, THEN THE BOP CAN BE DAMAGED BY OUTPUT CURRENT FLOWING
INSIDE THE BOP ALONG THE PROGRAMMING SIGNAL RETURN PATH.
NOTE
REGARDLESS OF OUTPUT CONFIGURATION, EITHER LOCAL OR REMOTE OUTPUT SENSE LINES MUST BE CONNECTED FOR OPERATION.
1. OBSERVE POLARITIES: The OUT S sensing wire must be connected to the OUTPUT load wire, and the COM S sensing wire must be connected to the COMMON load
wire.
2. IF LOCAL SENSING IS USED, INSTALL LINKS (see Figure 2-2).
CAUTION: THE SAFETY FEATURES INCORPORATED INTO THE BOP TO HANDLE
ENERGY FROM ACTIVE LOADS ARE UNABLE TO PROTECT THE POWER
SUPPLY OR THE LOAD IF INPUT POWER TO THE BOP IS LOST OR IF THE
BOP MALFUNCTIONS. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE USER MONITOR
“POWER OK” FLAG PINS 3 AND 4 OF THE EXTERNAL PROTECT PORT (SEE
TABLE 2-4) AND IMPLEMENT A FAST-ACTING MEANS OF DISCONNECTING
CAPACITIVE LOADS OR CROWBARRING INDUCTIVE LOADS TO PREVENT
DAMAGE TO BOTH THE BOP AND THE LOAD IN THE EVENT OF INPUT
POWER LOSS.
2-10
BOP HIPWR 101509
2.5.6
LOAD CONNECTION USING LOCAL SENSING
Figure 2-2 shows a typical configuration using local sensing and a grounded load; for local
sensing with an isolated (“floating”) load, do not install the ground connection (see Figure. 2-2,
Note 2).
2.5.7
LOAD CONNECTION USING REMOTE SENSING
Figure 2-3 shows a typical configuration using remote sensing and a grounded load; for remote
sensing with an isolated (“floating”) load, do not install the ground connection (see Figure. 2-3,
Note 2).
2.6
COOLING
The power devices used within the power supply are maintained within their operating temperature range by means of internal heat sink assemblies and by two cooling fans. Periodic cleaning
of the power supply interior is recommended. If the power supply is located within a confined
space, take care that the ambient temperature, which is the temperature of the air immediately
surrounding the power supply, does not rise above the specified limits (see Table 1-2).
2.7
SETTING UP THE UNIT
The following paragraphs describe the connections and initial BOP setup needed to operate in
the desired mode.
2.7.1
CONSIDER THE LOAD TYPE
The BOP can be configured to respond differently to the Output OFF command, depending on
whether the load is defined as Active, Resistive or Battery. Refer to PAR. 3.3.6 to configure this
setting.
2.7.2
SETUP FOR LOCAL OPERATION
With all power off, connect the load to the BOP using either local or remote sensing (refer to
PAR. 2.5). If units are to be connected in series or parallel, refer to PAR. 2.8.) Then refer to PAR.
3.2 for power supply basics and local operation. The factory default configuration allows local
operation with no further setup required.
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-11
FIGURE 2-2.
FIGURE 2-3.
2-12
LOAD CONNECTIONS, LOCAL SENSING
LOAD CONNECTIONS, REMOTE SENSING
BOP HIPWR 101509
2.7.3
SETUP FOR REMOTE OPERATION VIA GPIB
With all power off, connect the load to the BOP using either local or remote sensing. If units are
to be connected in series or parallel, refer to PAR. 2.8. Connect the GPIB connector to the GPIB
port (see Figure 2-1 and Table 2-1). Turn power on and refer to PAR. 3.2 for power supply
basics and PAR. 3.5 for remote mode programming.
The default GPIB address is 6; to change it refer to PAR 3.5.3.1. The default configuration
allows both local and remote operation; to prevent local operation once the unit is being controlled from the GPIB, see PAR. B.133. Refer to PAR. 3.5.3.1 to configure the GPIB Port.
SCPI programming is described in PAR. 3.6; Appendices A and B provide syntax for SCPI common and subsystem commands and queries implemented in this unit. All the features described
for Local Mode operation can be accomplished using remote SCPI commands.
2.7.4
SETUP FOR REMOTE OPERATION VIA RS 232C
With all power off, connect the load to the BOP using either local or remote sensing (refer to
PAR. 2.5). If units are to be connected in series or parallel, refer to PAR. 2.8. Connect the RS
232 connector to the RS 232 port (see Figure 2-1 and Table 2-1). Turn power on and refer to
PAR. 3.2 power supply basics and PAR. 3.5.6 for RS 232 operation. SCPI programming is
described in PAR. 3.6; Appendices A and B provide syntax for SCPI common and subsystem
commands and queries implemented in this unit. Refer to PAR. 3.5.3.2 to configure the RS 232
Port.
2.8
MULTIPLE UNIT CONFIGURATIONS
Parallel, series and series-parallel configurations of identical BOP units increases the rated voltage and current range of the power supply. Up to five units can be connected in parallel to
increase the current: IMAX (one unit) x NP = IMAX (parallel combination) where NP = number of units in
parallel. Similarly, up to three units can be connected in series to increase the voltage: EMAX (one
unit) x NS = EMAX (parallel combination) where NS = number of units in series. In addition, identical
units may be connected in both series and parallel. The 2 X 2 configuration, two parallel
branches of two series-connected power supplies, doubles the output voltage and doubles the
output current of a single unit. The 3 X 2 configuration, two parallel branches of three seriesconnected power supplies, triples the output voltage and doubles the output current of a single
unit. Multiple unit configurations require the appropriate Interconnection Kit (see Table 1-5).
For all multiple unit configurations the master reports the system output parameters: voltage
and current; the slaves report the main channel parameter: voltage for voltage mode (series
configurations) or current for current mode (parallel configurations).
Additional hex nuts are provided in the interconnection kit for sufficient cable separation so they
can be oriented as needed to fit onto the terminal.
NOTE: Multiple unit configurations require that all individual units be properly calibrated. (Units
shipped from Kepco have been factory-calibrated.) If not, refer to Section 4 to calibrate
the individual units prior to connecting them in parallel or series. Using calibrated units
ensures that the multiple unit configuration is calibrated; calibrating the multiple unit
configuration is neither needed nor possible.
Before powering up the units to be configured, first connect the units in parallel or series. Figures 2-4 (local sensing) and 2-5 (remote sensing) show the connections for three parallel-connected units; Figures 2-6 (local sensing) and 2-7 (remote sensing) show the connections for
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-13
three series-connected units. These figures allow other configurations, e.g., five parallel-connected units or two series connected units, etc. to be easily deduced Figure 2-12 show the connections for a typical 3 X 2 (two parallel branches each consisting of three series-connected
units) configuration, as well as simplified diagrams showing required arrangements for 2 X 2
and 3 X 2 configurations to allow the user.
CAUTION: FOR PARALLEL CONFIGURATIONS, REMOVE LINKS BETWEEN (COM S)
AND (COM OUT) TERMINALS OF ALL SLAVES TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO
THE UNIT AND MAINTAIN SYSTEM ACCURACY.
The following connections are required.
2.8.1
•
Power cables
•
Sense connections (either local or remote)
•
All interconnection cables and terminations required for parallel, series, 2 X 2 or 3 X 2
configurations are supplied in the applicable Interconnection Kit (see Table 1-5 for part
number).
MULTIPLE UNIT SOURCE POWER
Multiple units must all be connected to the same a-c input power source.
CAUTION: CONNECTING MULTIPLE UNITS TO DIFFERENT A-C INPUT SOURCES MAY
DAMAGE THE BOP POWER SUPPLIES AND/OR THE LOAD.
2.8.2
MULTIPLE UNIT PROTECTION
For multiple unit configurations it is necessary to configure the protection so that a fault will shut
down all the interconnected power supplies. Figure 2-8 is a simplified diagram showing typical
interconnections for master/slave configurations.
2-14
BOP HIPWR 101509
FIGURE 2-4.
BOP HIPWR 101509
PARALLEL CONFIGURATION, LOCAL SENSING, TYPICAL
2-15
FIGURE 2-5.
2-16
PARALLEL CONFIGURATION, REMOTE SENSING, TYPICAL
BOP HIPWR 101509
FIGURE 2-6.
BOP HIPWR 101509
SERIES CONFIGURATION, LOCAL SENSING, TYPICAL
2-17
FIGURE 2-7.
2-18
SERIES CONFIGURATION, REMOTE SENSING, TYPICAL
BOP HIPWR 101509
FIGURE 2-8.
TYPICAL MASTER/SLAVE PROTECTION INTERCONNECTIONS
Upon startup, PAR/SER PROT IN PORT pin 8 of the master goes low, and stays low until all
slaves are powered up. Normal power up of a unit causes the transistor connecting PAR/SER
PROT IN PORT pin 2 and PAR/SER PROT OUT PORT pin 2 to conduct. The transistors of all
units are connected in series, effectively shorting out all the shutdown diodes (the shutdown
diodes of all units are also connected in series) connecting PAR/SER PROT IN PORT pin 1 and
PAR/SER PROT OUT PORT pin 1. After all the units are powered up and operating normally,
the low at PAR/SER PROT IN PORT pin 8 changes to high, but the conducting transistors keep
the voltage at pin 8 low and the diodes are cut off. If a fault occurs, the transistor between PAR/
SER PROT IN PORT pin 2 and PAR/SER PROT OUT PORT pin 2 of the defective unit is cut off,
allowing current to flow through the shutdown diodes. This develops internal shutdown signals
that shut down all units.
2.8.3
CONFIGURING PARALLEL, SERIES, 2 X 2 OR 3 X 2 COMBINATIONS
NOTE: To power down the combination, first press the STANDBY key on the master to disable the output, then turn off the slave(s) followed by the master.
1. To configure a unit to be designated as a slave proceed as follows:
a. Turn on power only to the unit to be designated as a slave.
b. From the power-up screen press % to enter the General Setup Menu. Highlight Series/
Parallel and press ! to view the Multiple Units menu (see Table 2-12). If required, enter
password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4) before continuing.
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-19
TABLE 2-12. MULTIPLE UNITS MENU FUNCTIONS
SETTING
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
FUNCTION
CONFIGURATION
STANDALONE
PARALLEL
SERIES
MASTER 2 X 2
MASTER 3 X 2
STANDALONE - Unit operates independently, no additional units connected.
PARALLEL - Unit to be configured for parallel operation; opens UNIT TYPE
and CONNECTION TYPE options shown below. Used when units are connected in parallel (increase output current) (see NOTE below).
SERIES - Unit to be configured for series operation; opens UNIT TYPE and
CONNECTION TYPE options shown below. Used when units are connected
in series (increase output voltage) (see NOTE below).
MASTER 2 X 2 - Unit configured as master in control of two parallel branches
comprised of two series connected units. Used when units are connected in
parallel and series to double output voltage and current (see NOTE below).
MASTER 3 X 2 - Unit configured as master in control of two parallel branches
comprised of three series connected units. Used when units are connected in
parallel and series to triple output voltage and double output current (see
NOTE below).
UNIT TYPE
(for parallel and series
selections only)
STANDALONE
MASTER +1
MASTER +2
MASTER +3
MASTER +4
SLAVE #1
SLAVE #2
SLAVE #3
SLAVE #4
SLAVE #5
STANDALONE - Unit operates independently, no additional units connected.
MASTER+1 - Unit is the master (controller), with one slave unit connected.
MASTER+2 - Unit is the master (controller), with two slave units connected.
MASTER+3 - Unit is the master (controller), with three slave units connected.
MASTER+4 - Unit is the master (controller), with four slave unit connected.
SLAVE #1 - Unit is slave no. 1 in configuration using one to five slave units.
SLAVE #2 - Unit is slave no. 2 in configuration using two to five slave units.
SLAVE #3 - Unit is slave no. 3 in configuration using three to five slave units.
For Master 2X2 and Master 3X2, slave #3 is always the unit controlled in parallel by the master.
SLAVE #4 - Unit is slave no. 4 in configuration using four or five slave units.
SLAVE #5 - Unit is slave no. 5 in MASTER 3X2 configuration using two parallel branches comprised of three series-connected units.
CONNECTION TYPE
(for parallel and series
selections only)
PARALLEL
SERIES
Not Selectable - Indicates whether parallel or series was chosen as Configuration type.
c. From the Multiple Units menu, highlight Configuration (use ADJUST control or the Y
or U keys) and press ! to modify. When prompted, enter ADMIN2 password (see PAR.
3.2.4.4). Select Series, Parallel, Master 2X2 or Master 3X2 and press $ to apply
the change.
d. If either Series or Parallel were selected in step c above, Connection Type shows
Series or Parallel as selected. Highlight Unit Type and press ! to modify. Highlight SLAVE #1 and press $ to apply the change.
e. Exit the Multiple Units menu and return to main screen by pressing $ to save the settings
upon power-up. The unit goes to REMOTE mode, the status message reads MASTER
Module not found, the Fault indicator is lit, and the unit continues to beep once a minute until the master is found. The only function keys displayed are !, # and %. While
the system is running, ! and % are no longer available; # functions normally.
CAUTION: THE UNITS ARE NOW CONFIGURED AS SLAVE(S) TO BE CONTROLLED
ONLY BY THE MASTER. DO NOT USE THE SLAVE KEYPAD, RS 232 PORT
OR GPIB PORT TO TRY TO CONTROL THE SLAVE(S).
2. Repeat step 1 as necessary to configure all slaves, but at step c highlight applicable SLAVE
# as appropriate. Each slave MUST have a different number that is sequentially
assigned.
3. Turn on the unit to be configured as a master and note that upon power up the FAULT light
will go on (this is normal). Proceed as follows:
2-20
BOP HIPWR 101509
a. From the power-up screen press % to enter the General Setup Menu. Highlight Series/
Parallel and press ! to view the Multiple Units menu (see Table 2-12). When
prompted, enter ADMIN2 password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4) before continuing.
b. From the Multiple Units menu, highlight Configuration (use ADJUST control or the Y
or U keys) and press ! to modify. Select Series, Parallel, Master 2X2 or Master
3X2, press $ to apply the change.
c. If Series or Parallel was selected in step b above, Connection Type shows
Series or Parallel as selected above. Highlight Unit Type and press ! to modify.
Highlight Master +1, Master +2, Master +3, or Master +4 (Master +3, or Master +4 not permitted for series connections) and press $ to apply the change.
d. Exit the Multiple Units menu by pressing $ to save the settings for subsequent power-up
cycles. The display shows the master power-up screen (see Figure 2-9).
e. Turn off power to the master, then turn on power to the master.
f. The power-up master module screen (Figure 2-9) shows the status of the slave(s). Refer
to Table 2-13 for an explanation of status indications for the slave(s).
If all the slaves are recognized as ready, after about 10 seconds the master LCD reverts to the
Power On Default screen (see Figure 2-10). The slaves display the Slave Power On Default
screen (see Figure 2-11), except the unit will be in Current Mode for parallel configurations and
Voltage mode for series configurations and the message will indicate the unit is operating as a
slave. The slave number appears at the lower left of the display. For instructions to return the
slave to standalone operation, refer to PAR. 2.8.5. The fault indicators on all units are off.
FIGURE 2-9.
BOP HIPWR 101509
MASTER POWER UP SCREEN
2-21
TABLE 2-13. SLAVE STATUS MESSAGE DEFINITIONS
Slave Status Message
Displayed on Master Power Up Screen
(see Figure 2-9)
Ready
STANDBY
Powered OFF
Failed
MEANING
Unit is ready for operation.
If unit’s FAULT indicator is off, hardware error has NOT been detected,
output is ready to be turned on
Unit is not responding to polls via BITBUS.
Unit’s FAULT indicator is on to indicate a hardware error has been
detected.
Not Used
Unit is not part of parallel configuration
Unknown
Waiting for interface communication
If the master power-up screen is still displayed after 10 seconds, a slave was not properly recognized. Pressing % or turning power off, then on again, reconfigures the unit as a standalone
unit. Verify that the BITBUS cable is installed correctly. Verify that the slave has been properly
configured as a slave per step 1 above. Repeat step 3. If the power up screen still does not
revert to the power on default screen, refer to troubleshooting.
4. Adjust the limits to reflect the increased power capacity of the multiple unit combination as
follows:
a. From the main screen, press
% to enter the General Setup Menu.
b. From the General Setup menu, Highlight Max/Min Settings and press !. Press @ to
restore defaults. Verify that the Max/Min settings reflect the multiple unit combination. For
example, for a parallel combination the values for +Current Max, –Current Min and ±Current Protect Max/Min now reflect the total current of the parallel combination. Voltage values and limits reflect a series combination. For 2 X 2 and 3 X 2 combinations both current
and voltage are affected. NOTE: If desired, these limits may be lowered as described for a
standalone unit (see PAR. 3.3.4).
c. Press $ to save the settings upon power-up, then % to exit the General Setup menu and
return to the power-up screen
VOLTAGE
0. 0000
FIGURE 2-10.
2-22
POWER ON DEFAULT SCREEN FOR MASTER UNIT
BOP HIPWR 101509
FIGURE 2-11.
2.8.4
POWER ON DEFAULT SCREEN FOR SLAVE UNIT
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS FOR MULTIPLE UNIT COMBINATIONS
1. Apply power to the combination by first turning on the master, then turn on the slave(s). If the
master is in STANDBY, depress STANDBY key on the master to apply power to the output
terminals. (To power down the combination, first press STANDBY key on the master to disable the output, then turn off the slave, followed by the master.
2. When the units of a multiple unit combination are first turned on there is a brief delay until all
units are communicating over the BITBUS to form the combined assembly.
•
When the master is turned on, the unit initially displays the Serial number as well as the
Firmware Revision levels and power up test results for the Display, Interface and Analog
processors, then displays the Master Power Up screen (Figure 2-9).
•
When a slave is turned on, the unit initially displays the Slave Power Up screen (Figure
2-11), the Fault indicator is lit, and the unit continues to beep once a minute until the
master is found. For instructions to return the slave to standalone operation, refer to
PAR. 2.8.5. Once the slave is up and running, the ! key indicates LOCKOUT and the
# key shows DISPLAY (see PAR. 3.2.5).
•
When the master finally recognizes all the slaves, the master LCD reverts to the Power
On Default screen (see Figure 2-10). The slave(s) display the voltage meter (for series
configurations) or current meter (for voltage configurations), and the message indicates
the unit is operating as a slave with slave number shown at lower left corner. The fault
indicators on all units are off.
•
Operation of a multiple unit combination is done by operating the master as described
for a single unit. SCPI commands and front panel control actions applied to the master
affect the multiple unit combination. The LCD display of the master refers to the multiple
unit combination, while the front panel LCD of the slave shows the actual voltage
(series) or current (parallel) provided by the slave.
BOP HIPWR 101509
2-23
2.8.5
RESTORING A UNIT TO STANDALONE OPERATION
1. Turn off power to the master.
2. Turn off power to the slave(s).
3. Turn on power to the unit to be restored to standalone operation.
4. From the power-up screen press % to enter the General Setup Menu. Highlight Series/
Parallel and press ! to view the Multiple Units menu (see Table 2-12). When prompted,
enter ADMIN2 password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4) before continuing.
5. Press @ to return to factory defaults. This configures the unit as a standalone unit.
6. Press $ to save for power-up.
7. Turn off power to the unit, then turn power on. The unit will power up as a standalone unit.
2.8.6
CHANGING MULTIPLE UNIT CONFIGURATIONS
To change a unit from series, parallel, Master 2X2 or Master 3X2 operation to a different configuration, first set the unit to Standalone by referring to PAR. 2.8.5, then refer to PAR. 2.8.3 and
configure as desired.
2-24
BOP HIPWR 101509
SECTION 3 - OPERATION
3.1
GENERAL
This section explains how to operate the 1000 Watt BOP Power Supply. The power supply can
be operated either in Local mode (see PAR’s. 3.2 and 3.3) using the front panel keypad,
ADJUST control and graphical display, or in Remote mode.
NOTE: Unless otherwise noted, operating instructions start from the power-up screen (see
either Figure 3-3 or Figure 3-4). Press % to exit submenus and return to the power-up
screen.
Remote mode can either be analog or digital. Analog remote uses analog signals from the Analog I/O port to control the output (see PAR. 3.4). Digital remote (see PAR. 3.5) uses either the
built-in GPIB (IEEE 488) (see PAR. 3.5.4) or RS 232 (see PAR. 3.5.6) interface to communicate
with a remote computer. GPIB or RS 232 communication is via one of two protocols: 1) SCPI
commands which afford full functionality of the BOP (see PAR. 3.6, Appendix A and Appendix
B) or 2) CIIL commands (for compatibility with older Kepco products). Operation in remote mode
can be simplified by the use of the VISA driver (see PAR. 3.5.5).
3.2
POWER SUPPLY BASICS
The following paragraphs describe basic operation of the front panel controls, which are used to
configure and operate the power supply. This includes a description of the keypad (PAR. 3.2.1),
graphical display (LCD (PAR. 3.2.2), how to turn the unit on (PAR. 3.2.3), how to change the
power-up defaults (see PAR. 3.3.7). An explanation of the BOP menus (PAR. 3.2.4) provides
basic techniques needed to use the ADJUST control and the function, arrow and numeric keys
in conjunction with the LCD to operate the power supply. Operator convenience functions (LCD
background and contrast, and the audible beep) are described in PAR. 3.2.5. Refer to Table 3-1
and Figure 3-1 for a description of front panel controls and indicators
FIGURE 3-1.
3.2.1
BOP SERIES FRONT PANEL
KEYPAD DESCRIPTION (SEE FIGURE 3-2)
The front panel keypad is comprised of 27 keys, eleven for 10 digits (0 - 9) plus decimal point,
five dedicated to software functions (! to %) indicated by the display, four direction keys R
T, Y, U) that work with the display to select a parameter/field and highlight a numerical digit,
and seven dedicated function keys (STANDBY, MODE, RESET, CLEAR, +/–, ENTER and
HELP) that are defined in Table 3-2.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-1
TABLE 3-1. FRONT PANEL CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
NUMBER
(FIGURE 3-1)
CONTROL/INDICATOR
1
POWER ON/OFF
circuit breaker A7CB1
2
Alphanumeric/graphic Display
(LCD)
Displays output voltage and current as well as information in response to
keypad and ADJUST control entries. Displays function of soft function
keys F1 through F5, and displays information as required to perform all
local functions.
3
STANDBY indicator
Lights to indicate when the unit is in Standby mode. Behavior of the unit
in Standby (Output off) is determined by the options chosen for Load
Type (see PAR. 3.3.6). If the Load Type is ACTIVE (default), then in
Standby mode the unit is set to voltage mode, voltage is set to zero, current protection is set to the nominal, and voltage limit is set to maximum.
4
Keypad
5
FUNCTION
Applies source power to unit
Access all local functions (see PAR. 3.2.1, Figure 3-2 and Table 3-2 for
details).
FAULT indicator
Lights when a fault is detected. The failure of the following assemblies
cause the FAULT indicator to go on: A1 (any control function failure), A2
(overtemperature, instant internal overcurrent, output overvoltage/overcurrent, local +15V failure), A4 (input under/overvoltage, input overcurrent, internal output under/overvoltage, internal output overcurrent,
overtemperature, fan failure, local –15V failure). When the FAULT indicator lights, the LCD will briefly display messages about the fault (see Table
B-5, Appendix B for details), however the FAULT indicator remains lit.
When the fault has been removed, normal operation is restored by
cycling power off, then on (preferred) or by briefly pressing the RESET
key on the front panel to initiate a shut down and power up sequence
(see RESET key, Table 3-2).
ADJUST control
The control Increases or decreases the highlighted digit of numeric fields
(use
or
to change the highlight). When depressed, the control
Increases or decreases the least significant digit of numeric fields. If the
output is enabled, voltage and current adjustments are immediately present at the output without pressing ENTER. For alphanumeric fields, the
control cycles through all alphanumeric and symbol characters. (use
to highlight the next character and press ENTER when complete). On
submenus the control highlights parameter of interest.
R T
6
T
FIGURE 3-2.
3-2
FRONT PANEL KEYPAD
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 3-2. SPECIAL KEY FUNCTIONS
KEY
FUNCTION
STANDBY
The STANDBY key toggles the unit between output on (enabled, STANDBY indicator off) and output off
(disabled, STANDBY indicator on). When on, the output goes to the programmed settings. Behavior of the
unit in Standby (Output off) is determined by the options chosen for Load Type (see PAR. 3.3.6). The
default Load Type is ACTIVE, i.e., in STANDBY the unit is set to voltage mode, voltage is set to zero, current protection is set to the nominal, and voltage limit is set to maximum.
MODE
Depressing this key shifts the operating mode from voltage to current and vice versa, and at the same time
sets the unit to STANDBY permitting the user to introduce new settings for the selected operating mode.
The operating mode is indicated at the upper right of the LCD. Setting the unit to STANDBY when the
mode is changed only occurs when using the MODE key.
R or T
From the power-up screen, these keys scroll the cursor from digit to digit within a field.
Y or U
From the power-up screen, these keys scroll through the main or protection fields. Also used to scroll
though and select options on other menus.
Clears numeric value to 0 (zero). Clears alphanumeric characters for new entry.
CLEAR
Switches the sign between + and – when inputting numerical values. The sign change applies only to the
main channel: voltage in voltage mode, current in current mode.
CAUTION:Pressing +/– key while the power is applied to the load will reverse the polarity of voltage
applied to the load.
+/–
Activates highlighted parameters. When setting voltage/current values using the keypad, the values
entered are not programmed until ENTER is pressed.
ENTER
HELP
Provides context-sensitive help to assist in using the keypad and display to program the unit. Press HELP
repeatedly for more help messages.
! through
%
The “soft” function keys are software dependent, and will change depending on the operation being performed. The key function is indicated by a box in the LCD which is aligned with the key (see PAR. 3.2.2).
Switch is recessed and requires the use of a tool to prevent inadvertent activation. Pressing RESET briefly
causes the unit to shut down followed by execution of a power on sequence which results in the unit being
set to the power on defaults (see PAR. 3.3.7). To restore normal operation after a fault has been cleared it
is recommended that the unit be powered off, then on again instead of using the RESET key.
CAUTION:Pressing RESET will cause voltage transients to appear at the output which may damage
a connected load.
RESET
switch
3.2.2
LCD AND POWER-UP SCREEN DESCRIPTION
The LCD display is a 320 x 240 pixel monochrome window that displays various menus depending on the state of the power supply and operator input. At the power-up screen, the LCD will
show actual voltage and current at the BOP output, the mode (at the upper right), the function of
the soft keys to the right, help text at the bottom, and main and complementary limit channel settings above the help text.
The power-up screen (Figure 3-3 or Figure 3-4) is presented upon power-up or when all submenus of a function have been exited. This screen shows analog and digital representations of
the actual BOP output in the center of the display.
At the upper right of the display, the mode of operation is displayed:
•
Voltage source
•
Voltage sink
•
Current source
•
Current sink
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-3
VOLTAGE
0.0000
FIGURE 3-3.
POWER-UP SCREEN SHOWING GRAPHIC METERS
VOLTAGE
0. 0000
FIGURE 3-4.
POWER-UP SCREEN SHOWING TIME LINE GRAPH
When in Voltage mode, the power supply will (within the configured and rated limits) provide the
programmed output voltage. Current is determined by the load, and cannot exceed the Current
Protect limits. Mode displayed at the upper right is VOLTAGE SOURCE. If the protect limit is
reached, CPROTECT is displayed.
When in Current mode, the power supply will (within the configured and rated limits) provide the
programmed output current. Voltage is determined by the load, and cannot exceed the Voltage
Protect limits. Mode displayed at the upper right is CURRENT SOURCE. If the protect limit is
reached, VPROTECT is displayed.
If CPROTECT (current protection), VPROTECT (voltage protection) or PROTECT (analog protection, either voltage or current) is displayed, the power supply output is controlled by the protect channel and will not exceed the preprogrammed protection limit.
When in Source mode, the power supply is delivering (sourcing) energy to a passive load.
3-4
BOP HIPWR 101509
When in Sink mode, the power supply is operating as an electronic load, absorbing and recuperating the energy of an active load. Recuperated energy is passed back into the a-c source
power line. Mode displayed at the upper right is VOLTAGE SINK when the unit is in voltage
mode and an external constant current is injected into the BOP. Correspondingly, CURRENT
SINK is displayed when the unit is in current mode and an injected current from an external constant voltage is presented at the output of the BOP. These messages are normally displayed
briefly when voltage is decreased towards zero, and may also be displayed briefly during
changes in a capacitive load.
The bottom lines of the display provide STATUS, ACTIVE SETTINGS and MESSAGES (including error messages).
STATUS includes whether the unit is under local or remote control, and identifies the main and
protect channels.The protect channel will show either a single entry for both positive and negative VPROTECT or CPROTECT or separate entries for + and – VPROTECT or CPROTECT.
This is established by selecting either Bipolar or Independent for Protect Entry (see PAR,
3.3.3.1).
ACTIVE SETTINGS show the values that will be applied to the respective channel. The highlighted settings are used to program the unit and can be changed using the keypad or ADJUST
control after highlighting. If these are changed using the keypad, the ENTER key must be
pressed to program the unit; if the ADJUST control is used, the changed setting immediately
programs the unit without pressing ENTER. If the main channel indicates CURR-EXT or VOLTEXT, the setting establishes the full scale output corresponding to a 10V analog signal (see
PAR, 3.4.3.2). If the main or protect channel indicates EXTERNAL, the corresponding setting is
determined by an analog reference (see PAR. 3.4.3.1.
MESSAGES change depending on the particular screen being displayed. Error messages are
displayed for both local and remote operation, and only appear briefly.
At the right of the display, five graphic boxes indicates the active function of the soft function
keys, ! through %. Depressing the corresponding key on the keypad activates the function
shown on the display. These functions are arranged in a menu format (see PAR. 3.2.4).
3.2.3
TURNING THE POWER SUPPLY ON
CAUTION: DO NOT REPEATEDLY TOGGLE THE CIRCUIT BREAKER/SWITCH AS THIS
MAY DAMAGE THE UNIT.
Set POWER ON/OFF circuit breaker/switch (1, Figure 3-1) on front panel to ON. If actuator does
not lock when released, wait a few seconds before trying again. The circuit breaker is "trip-free"
design; if overload exists, contacts cannot be held closed by actuator.
When the power supply is turned on, it performs a brief self-test that includes testing the three
processors (analog, interface and display), then displays the power-up screen (see Figure 3-3
or 3-4). If an error is detected, the FAULT indicator will light, information about the error will be
briefly displayed on the LCD.
If the unit powers up in REMOTE mode, press
mode.
! (see PAR. 3.3.1) to set the unit to LOCAL
NOTE: If the unit is a Slave of a multiple unit configuration, the unit will power up in REMOTE
and will display LOCAL LOCKOUT once the Master has taken control of the Slave. To
restore LOCAL control of a Slave, power down both master and slave, then turn on
only the slave and press ! (see PAR. 3.3.1) to set the unit to LOCAL mode.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-5
If the display is not viewable, press # twice. The display will cycle through the range of contrast settings. Press # again to lock in the preferred contrast.
To select between the meter (Figure 3-3) and time line (Figure 3-4) displays refer to PAR.
3.2.5.4. To change the default power-up settings, refer to PAR. 3.3.7.
3.2.4
HOW TO ACCESS THE MENUS
From the power-up screen, pressing the Function keys indicated on the LCD opens the associated menu. The menu opened may list submenus that may be opened either directly by pressing the associated Function keys, or by highlighting an item on the list and pressing the
View/Modify function key. Menus and submenus will display a list of parameters, with the top
one highlighted. The function key assignments can vary, but generally offer the following
choices:
•
!
allows the highlighted parameter to be viewed or modified. After changing the
parameter, the following choices are available.
•
$ - SAVE or ENTER to save the change
•
% - EXIT to abort the change and exit to the previous menu.
•
@
•
# - The function varies, depending on the menu. In most cases # is used to abort a
change without applying the modified setting. From the power-up screen # is used to
adjust contrast. In the Revisions/TEST submenu of the General Setup Menu, # is used
- RESTORE DEFAULT restores factory defaults for the parameters displayed
(except for GPIB address). The factory defaults may be saved as power-up defaults by
pressing $.
to execute a test.
•
$ - SAVE FOR POWER-UP Saves the configuration shown as a power-up setting so
the changes will not be lost when the unit is turned off.
•
% - APPLY EXIT applies the current (changed) setting without saving for power-up and
exits to the previous menu or to the power-up screen, EXIT leaves the current menu
without saving or applying changes.
3.2.4.1
OVERALL MENU STRUCTURE
The menu structure is as follows (NOTE: BOLD = Factory Default):
Power-up Screen (Power up menu)
•
- Save/Recall
• • Saved Setups (Figure 3-8): Recall one of 99 saved setups.
• • • Saved Setup Details (Table 3-8): Mode (voltage/current), main channel reference (internal/external/external reference level) and setting, protection limit (internal/external/lesser limit) and setting(s),
output status (on/off)
•
- Waveform
• • Saved Waveforms (Figure 3-9): Choose one of 16 saved waveforms.
• • • New Waveform Settings (Table 3-12): Name (max. 10 characters), protection settings, count, mode
(voltage/current)
• • • Waveform Settings (Figure 3-10): Name, protection settings, count, segment list, mode
• • • • Segment Details (Table 3-11): Type (square/±ramp/triangle/sine/level), frequency or period, p-p
amplitude, offset, start/stop angle for sine and triangle, initial/repeat
•
- Display
• • Display and Beep Settings (Table 3-3): Display (meters/graphics (12 choices)), background (white/black),
contrast, beep (On/Off/Error only)
!
@
#
3-6
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.2.4.2
$ - Analog Remote Setup
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Analog Remote Settings (Table 3-15): Reference input (internal/external/external reference level), protection limit (internal/external/lesser limit), external mode (enable/disable)
- General Setup (Figure 3-6)
Interface Settings (Table 3-16): Data format (SCPI/CIIL), GPIB address (default = 6), *RST sets Output
(on/off), Device clear (SCPI/MATE), Serial Baud (Off/9600/19200), Xon/Xoff (enable/disable), prompt
(enable/disable)
Max/Min Settings (Table 3-5): Protect Entry (Bipolar/Independent); for voltage mode: +Voltage max, –Voltage min, ±CProtect max/min; for current mode: +Current max, –Current min, ±VProtect max/min
Load Type (Figure 3-6): Active/Resistive/Battery
Revisions/Test (Table 3-14): (Tests: display, keypad, interface, serial, analog and output)
Calibration (PAR. 4.4): Voltage, Current and External and Controls calibration
Power-up Settings (PAR. 3.3.7): Mode (Voltage/Current), Main channel reference (Internal/External/External Reference Level), protect channel type (Internal/External/Lesser Limit), Voltage Protect Limit (current
mode, Current Protect Limit (voltage mode) output on/off
Password (See Figure 3-5 for default settings)
• Password Settings: Menu protection (Interface/Max-Min/Load/Test/Power-up/Keypad @ local/Keypad@power-up), Save Display chg (Enable/Disable), Passwords (Main/Admin1/Admin2 or Unprotected)
Series/Parallel (Table 2-12): Configuration (Standalone/Parallel/Series/Master 2X2/Master 3X2); for parallel
or series: Unit Type (Standalone/Master+1 to+4/Slave #1 to #5) and Connection Type: shows Series or Parallel).
%
HOW TO MODIFY A PARAMETER
First access the parameter by accessing the proper menu as described above (PAR 3.2.4);
Tables 3-3 through 3-15 list the menu parameters. To modify a parameter listed in a menu or
submenu, proceed as follows:
1. Highlight the parameter using the Y and U keys.
2. When the desired choice is highlighted, press ! to modify the active setting. The choices
are displayed with the active setting highlighted. In the case of numerals, the units digit is
highlighted.
•
To change a numeric setting, press the number keys, then press ENTER to program the
numbers entered. Use the CLEAR key to clear numbers entered and start over. The
ADJUST control can also be used to increment or decrement the highlighted digit.
Pressing ADJUST while rotating adjusts the least significant digit. If the output is on (unit
not in Standby) changes made using the ADJUST control are immediately applied to the
output.
•
For alphanumeric characters use multiple presses of the keys for letters or symbols: 0
(space), 1 (+, –, /), 2 (ABC), 3 (DEF), 4 (GHI), 5 (JKL), 6 (MNO). 7 (PQRS),
8 (TUV), 9 (WXYZ). Use the T key to highlight the next character. As an alternative,
the U or Y keys or ADJUST control will scroll through numbers, and letters and symbols. Use the CLEAR key to clear the entire alphanumeric field and start over
3. Press $ to apply the change and return to the menu (to change another parameter, repeat
steps 1 and 2). To abort (return to the menu without applying the change), press %.
NOTE: Press HELP key for more information, press HELP again to see multiple screens;
press CLEAR key to exit the help screen.
3.2.4.3
PASSWORD SETUP.
Parameters that can be protected may be designated as Unprotected (no password required) or
assigned one of three possible passwords: Main Unit, Admin 1 and Admin 2. The three passwords can be used to independently protect certain settings to prevent tampering or inadvertent
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-7
reconfiguration of the BOP, yet allow access to qualified personnel. These password levels
apply only to local operation. When in remote, only the main password is accessible, acting
as a general password (see PAR B.137). The functions that can be password protected are
Interface settings, Max/Min settings, Load type, Test, Calibration, Power-up Settings, and Keypad lockout at power-up. In addition, it is possible to prevent changes made to the display settings from being saved for power up by setting Save Display Chg to Disable (default).
When the unit is operating in remote mode with Keypad @ local activated, a password is
required before the unit can be returned to local operation. In addition, when a waveform is executing in local mode, depressing % to stop the waveform requires a password before the
waveform is stopped.
To change any password you must enter the Admin 2 password to access the Password Menu.
The unit is shipped with the Admin 2 password set to “KEPCO,” the Main Unit password set to
”DEFAULT,” and the Admin 1 password set to “A.“ To change the password or to protect one of
the protected menus, proceed as follows:
1. Press % from the power-up screen to enter the General Setup menu. Highlight Password
and press !.
2. Enter the Admin 2 password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4 for details), then press
Password Protection menu (see Figure 3-5) is now displayed.
! to verify. The
3. To change a password, highlight the Main Unit, Admin 1 or Admin 2 password and press !
to modify.
4. Press CLEAR to erase the previous password from memory.
5. Enter the new password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4) and press
are permitted for passwords.
$ to save. Up to eight characters
NOTE: Do NOT use space characters for passwords
6. To protect or unprotect a menu highlight the password setting for the menu (Interface, MaxMin, Load, Test, Power-up, Keyboard @ Local, Keypad@power-up) and press ! to modify.
Highlight either the desired password (Main Unit, Admin 1 or Admin 2) or Unprotected and
press $ to save.
NOTE: To restore the password protection defaults shown in Figure 3-5, press @; this leaves
the three individual passwords remain unchanged.
7. When complete, press $ to save for power-up or % to apply the changes (without saving
for power-up) and exit.
3.2.4.4
HOW TO ACCESS A PASSWORD PROTECTED MENU
An administrator can independently assign one of three passwords (Main Unit, Admin 1 or
Admin 2) to eight functions. Under General Setup the Series/Parallel submenu is assigned the
Admin 2 password; this cannot be changed.
When trying to modify a protected setting or access a protected menu, the message PASSWORD IS REQUIRED appears at the top, and the first character is highlighted. Proceed as follows:
3-8
BOP HIPWR 101509
1. Enter the first character of the password using the keypad or ADJUST control (see PAR.
3.2.4.2 for entry of alphanumeric characters). (To change the password, refer to PAR.
3.2.4.3.)
2. Press T to move to the next character and repeat step 1 for the next character of the password.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until the correct password is displayed, then press
protected setting or menu will now be accessible
! to verify. The
NOTE: If ! the password is incorrect, the message Password incorrect is displayed at
the bottom of the screen. Press CLEAR and proceed to step 1 above.
FIGURE 3-5.
3.2.5
PASSWORD PROTECTION MENU, FACTORY DEFAULTS
OPERATOR CONVENIENCE FUNCTIONS (DISPLAY MENU)
From the power-up screen (Figure 3-3), pressing # opens the operator convenience functions
menu (see Table 3-3). The functions listed can be modified using the techniques described in
PAR.3.2.4). This function is always available, whether in Local, Remote or Local/Lockout mode.
NOTE: If $ is not available when the operator convenience menu is open, these functions
(see PAR. 3.2.5.1 to 3.2.5.4) can not be saved for power-up. To save for power-up it is
first necessary to change SAVE DISPLAY CHG at the password setup from DISABLE
(default) to ENABLE (see PAR. 3.2.4.3 and Figure 3-5). After saving the changes for
power-up, SAVE DISPLAY CHG at the password setup can be set to DISABLE to prevent future changes if desired.
3.2.5.1
ADJUSTING LCD BRIGHTNESS, CONTRAST AND BACKGROUND
From the power-up screen, (Figure 3-3), press # twice to initiate contrast adjustment. The
contrast gradually alternates between light and dark. When the contrast is acceptable, press #
to apply the change and exit contrast adjust. Use the T and R keys for fine adjustment of contrast. Contrast can also be adjusted from the power-up screen by pressing # once, then pressing T and R as needed for fine adjustment.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-9
To change the background, press # from the power-up screen, Highlight Background, press
!, highlight Black or White, then $ to save. Press $ exit and save for power-up or % to
apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
TABLE 3-3. DISPLAY (OPERATOR CONVENIENCE) MENU FUNCTIONS
SETTING
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
FUNCTION
NOTE: To save any of the functions listed below for power-up it is necessary to first change SAVE DISPLAY CHG at the password
setup (see PAR. 3.2.4.3and Figure 3-5) from DISABLE to ENABLE.
GRAPHIC DISPLAY
DISPLAY
BACKGROUND
REMOTE
DEBUG
KEY PRESS BEEP
METERS - Output voltage and current are displayed on representations of analog meters.
GRAPH - Displays a sample of the output for the time indicated (see Figure 34). The complete time-line uses 240 points. E.g., selecting 2 Second Graph
means that 2S/240 = 50ms sampling, i.e., every 50ms a snapshot of the output
state is used to produce a single point.
Meters
75s Graph
30s Graph
15s Graph
7.5s Graph
3.8s Graph
1.5s Graph
0.8s Graph
0.5s Graph
0.3s Graph
0.15s Graph
0.04s Graph
0.08s Graph
White
Black
WHITE - Sets the background to white and displays black characters.
BLACK - Sets the background to black and displays white characters.
OFF
ON
OFF - LCD does not show programmed settings for main and protection channels while in remote mode of operation (local mode is unaffected).
ON - Programmed settings for main and protection channels are displayed,
however the unit responds more slowly.
ON
ERROR ONLY
OFF
ON - provides an audible beep for each key press and for each error received.
ERROR ONLY - silences the beeps for each key press; errors will still cause
beep.
OFF - silences all beeps including key presses and errors except for power-up
and unit faults.
#
#
NOTE: Control display contrast by pressing
twice to dynamically change the contrast, then press
to set when contrast is
acceptable. Contrast can also be set directly by pressing
once and using
and
as needed (see PAR. 3.2.5.1).
3.2.5.2
#
T
R
DISPLAYING PROGRAMMED SETTINGS IN REMOTE MODE
When Remote Debug is set to OFF (default), the programmed settings for main and protection
channels that are displayed on the LCD in local mode, are not displayed while in remote mode
and the LCD reads “Display settings off.” When set to ON, the programmed settings for main
and protection channels are displayed, however the unit responds more slowly in remote mode.
To change the Remote Debug setting, press # from the power-up screen (Figure 3-3), Highlight Remote Settings, press !, highlight On or Off, then $ to save. Press $ exit and save
for power-up or % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
3.2.5.3
ENABLING/DISABLING AUDIBLE BEEPS
From the power-up screen (Figure 3-3), press #, then refer to Table 3-3 and modify the setting
using the techniques described in PAR. 3.2.4). Even though audible beeps are set to off, the
beeps will still sound upon power-up or detection of a power supply fault.
3-10
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.2.5.4
DISPLAYING METERS OR GRAPH (TIME LINE)
The top screen can be configured to either display graphical analog meters (Figure 3-3) showing a coarse representation of voltage and current in addition to the digital readout, or a graphical time line (Figure 3-4). The graphical time line is not an oscilloscope type display. Instead, it
samples the output and refreshes the screen at a specified interval: 75, 30, 15, 7.5, 3.8, 1.5, 0.8,
0.3, 0.15, 0.08 or 0.04 seconds. This can be useful when executing a waveform, although it is
not a substitute for monitoring the output with an oscilloscope for precision. There is no correlation between voltage and current graphs. For the best graphical representation choose the
graph time that is closest to, but greater than, the waveform time duration.
From the power-up screen, press #, then highlight the Graphic Display setting and press !.
Highlight any of the meters or one of the graph selections and press $ to save. Then press $
to save for power-up or % to exit.
3.3
LOCAL MODE OPERATION
Local operation of the BOP power supply can be accomplished from the front panel via the 27
key keypad, and the ADJUST knob. All indications are provided by the 4-inch graphical display
(LCD).
3.3.1
SETTING LOCAL MODE
When the power supply is turned on, it is automatically set to Local mode. If the unit is in
REMOTE mode and the display shows F1-LOCAL, pressing ! sets the unit to LOCAL mode.
3.3.1.1
KEYPAD LOCKOUT
To prevent the unit from entering local mode from the front panel once remote mode has been
entered, refer to PAR. 3.2.4.3 and assign a password to “Keyboard @ local.“ Then the unit
will not permit local operation until the proper password has been entered (see PAR. 3.2.4.4).
NOTE: The # key can still be used to adjust display contrast before entering the password.
If the F1 key legend is F1 - LOCAL LOCK OUT, the keypad has been locked by the remote command SYST:KEYB DIS (see PAR. B.133). To unlock the keypad, either send SYST:KEYB ENAB
or turn the unit off then on again.
3.3.1.2
LOCAL PASSWORD PROTECTION AT POWER-UP
It is possible to require a password before the front panel controls can function when the unit is
powered up. From the power-up screen, press %, highlight password, then !. Enter Admin 2
password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4) and press ! to verify. Under Menu Protection, highlight Keypad
@ Pwr-up and press F1. Highlight on of three password settings and press $ to save. Then
press $ to save for power-up (or % to exit without applying the changes). When the unit is
next powered up, pressing any keypad key or rotating the ADJUST control requires entry of the
password selected above before continuing. NOTE: The # key can still be used to adjust display contrast before entering the password.
3.3.2
SETTING VOLTAGE OR CURRENT MODE
The BOP uses two separate channels, one to set output voltage or current and one to set the
corresponding protection limit. The main channel is determined by the MODE key (in local
mode) which alternately selects either Voltage mode or Current mode or by SCPI command (in
digital remote mode). The protection channel is determined automatically by the main channel
selected. When Voltage mode is selected, the current protection channel is active, and when
Current mode is selected, the Voltage protection channel is active.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-11
3.3.3
PROGRAMMING VOLTAGE OR CURRENT AND ASSOCIATED PROTECT LIMITS
From the power-up screen the settable voltage/current parameters are displayed at the bottom
of the LCD above the HELP message (see Figure 3-3). Use Y or U to highlight the main or
protect channel. (For BOP protect limits refer to PAR. 3.3.4.2 and for external limits see PAR.
3.3.4.3.)
1. To verify that the unit is configured for internal references press $ from the power-up
screen and verify that Reference Input and Protection Limit are set to Internal, and External
Mode is set to Disable. If necessary to change a setting, use Y or U to highlight the
parameter, and press ! to modify. Highlight the desired selection and press $ to save,
then press $ to save for power-up or % to exit. If analog programming is desired, refer to
PAR. 3.4.
2. Verify that the load has been configured properly to ensure that the unit behaves as
expected when the output is off (see PAR. 3.3.6 for details).
3. Press MODE key to select the main channel (VOLTAGE or CURRENT); the associated
PROTECT channel is automatically selected and displayed.
4. Set the output on or off as desired using the STANDBY key. The output is off (disabled)
when the STANDBY indicator is lit, on (enabled) when not lit.
5. Use Y or U to highlight the main channel. There are two ways to program the output in
local mode. These methods can be used either when the output is disabled (STANDBY indicator lit) or enabled.:
CAUTION: WHEN THE ADJUST CONTROL IS ROTATED, THE ACTIVE PARAMETER IS
IMMEDIATELY EFFECTIVE IF THE OUTPUT IS ENABLED (ON = STANDBY
INDICATOR NOT LIT). THE VOLTAGE/CURRENT APPLIED TO THE LOAD
CHANGES AS THE ADJUST CONTROL IS ROTATED.
a.
Use the ADJUST control to increase or decrease the main channel setting (e.g., voltage when the unit is in voltage mode). Start with the most significant digit of the desired
value, then use T to highlight the next digit. For fine adjustment press the ADJUST
control in while rotating the knob to modify the least significant digit.
b.
Enter the desired value on the keypad using the number keys. For example, to program
the BOP to 75.8V, press the following keys in order 75.8 then press ENTER. For
fine adjustment use Y, and U to modify the least significant digit. To correct the entry
before activation press the CLEAR key to set the value to zero and start over. When the
desired value is displayed, press ENTER. This causes the new value to appear at the
output and be applied to the load if the output is enabled.
NOTE: The value entered for the main channel and the protect channel is automatically prevented from exceeding the present maximum software limit (see PAR. 3.3.4).
6. To program the corresponding Protect channel, press Y or U as necessary to highlight the
Protect channel. Then set the value using either of the two methods described above. If the
Protect Entry setting (see PAR. 3.3.3.1) is set to Independent, separate entries for the positive and negative protect channel are possible. Otherwise the value entered is applied to
both positive and negative protect channels.
3-12
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.3.3.1
SELECTING BIPOLAR/INDEPENDENT PROTECTION LIMITS
The BOP can be configured to show the protection limits as either a single value that applies to
both protection channels or show individual settings for positive and negative protection limits.
Selecting Independent protection limits means that the positive and negative limits are displayed (and can be modified) independently. Bipolar means that for each protection limit (voltage or current) a single value applies to both the positive and negative limits; only one value is
displayed and can be edited for both ± protection limits.
TABLE 3-4. VOLTAGE AND CURRENT PARAMETER DEFINITIONS
Term
Definition
To modify
refer to PAR.
Local
Remote
+EOnom
–EOnom
The nominal (rated) output voltage of the unit determined by model; e.g. for
a BOP 36-28MG, ±EOnom is 36V.
N/A
N/A
+IOnom
–IOnom
The nominal (rated) output current of the unit determined by model; e.g. for
a BOP 36-28MG, ±IOnom is 28A.
N/A
N/A
+Voltage
–Voltage
Voltage mode only. Positive (+) and negative (–) output voltage values
established by keypad or remote command.
Range (+): 0 to +Voltage max
Range (–): 0 to –Voltage min
3.3.3
B.84
+Voltage max
–Voltage min
Voltage mode only. Maximum (positive) and minimum (maximum negative)
voltage that can be set.
Value (+): 0 to +EOnom
Value (–): 0 to –EOnom
3.3.4.1
B.86, B.87,
B.88, B.90
+Current Protect
–Current Protect
Voltage mode only. Defines maximum (+) current and Minimum (maximum
negative) (–) that unit can source or sink.
Range (+): +Current Protect min to +Current Protect max
Range (–): –Current Protect max to –Current Protect min
3.3.3
B.27, B.28,
B.33, B.31
+Current Protect Max
–Current Protect Min
Voltage mode only. Maximum setting for +Current Protect and Minimum
(maximum negative) setting for –Current Protect.
Value (+): +Current Protect min to (1.01 x +Current max)
Value (–): –Current Protect max to (1.01 x –Current min)
3.3.4.2
B.35, B.36,
B.39, B.37
Minimum (box)
+Current Protect Min
–Current Protect Max
Voltage mode only. Minimum (positive) setting for +Current Protect and
maximum (maximum negative) setting for –Current Protect. Values of ±Current Protect between +Current Protect Min and –Current Protect Max (near
zero) are not allowed.This zone (also referred to as the minimum (box) is
automatically calculated by the BOP (see Figure 1-3).
N/A
N/A
+Voltage Protect
–Voltage Protect
Current mode only. Maximum positive (+) and minimum (maximum
negative) (–) voltage that can appear at the output.
Range (+): +Voltage Protect min to +Voltage Protect max
Range (–): –Voltage Protect max to –Voltage Protect min
3.3.3
B.94, B.95,
B.100,
B.98
+Voltage Protect Max
–Voltage Protect Min
Current mode only. Maximum (positive) setting for +Voltage Protect and
Minimum (maximum negative) setting for –Voltage Protect.
Value (+): +Voltage Protect min to (1.01 x +Voltage max)
Value (–): –Voltage Protect max to (1.01 x –Voltage min)
3.3.4.2
B.102,
B.103,
B.106,
B.104
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-13
TABLE 3-4. VOLTAGE AND CURRENT PARAMETER DEFINITIONS (CONTINUED)
Term
Definition
To modify
refer to PAR.
Local
Remote
Minimum (box)
+Voltage Protect Min
–Voltage Protect Max
Current mode only. Minimum (positive) setting for +Voltage Protect and
maximum (maximum negative) setting for –Voltage Protect. Values of ±Voltage Protect between +Voltage Protect Min and –Voltage Protect Max (near
zero) are not allowed. This zone (also referred to as the minimum (box) is
automatically calculated by the BOP (see Figure 1-3).
N/A
N/A
+Current
–Current
Current mode only. Positive and negative output current established by
keypad or remote command.
Range (+): 0 to +Current max
Range (–): 0 to –Current min
3.3.3
B.17
+Current max
–Current min
Current mode only. Maximum (positive) and minimum (maximum
negative) current that can be set.
Value (+): 0 to +IOnom
Value (–): 0 to –IOnom
3.3.4.1
B.19, B.20,
B.23, B.21
Press % from the power-up screen to enter the General Setup menu (Figure 3-6), then highlight Max/Min Settings. Press ! to enter the Max/Min Settings submenu (Figure 3-7). (If a
Password is required, see PAR. 3.2.4.4 for instructions.) Highlight Protect Entry and press ! to
change it. Highlight Bipolar or Independent, then $ to save, or % to abort. When complete,
press $ to save for power-up, or # to abort, or % to apply the changes (without saving for
power-up) and exit.
FIGURE 3-6.
3-14
GENERAL SETUP MENU
BOP HIPWR 101509
FIGURE 3-7.
MAX/MIN SETTINGS MENU
Selection of Bipolar does not immediately change the protect limit values; it changes how the
protect settings are displayed and set from the power-up screen. So if maximum/minimum protection limits were set to different values, (e.g, for BOP 36-28MG, current mode, no load, +V
Protect Max = 25V and –V Protect Min = 7V) when BIPOLAR is selected, the previous protection values (+25, –7) will remain in place until a new value is entered in the Voltage Protection
field. When a new Voltage Protect setting, e.g., 22V, is entered with BIPOLAR mode selected,
+Voltage Protect is set to +22V and -Voltage Protect to –22V.
NOTE: The use of remote programming (via RS 232 or GPIB) automatically asserts Independent protection limits. Once the unit is returned to local mode, the unit is automatically
returned to BIPOLAR mode.
3.3.3.2
UNDERSTANDING VOLTAGE AND CURRENT PROTECT LIMITS
These values are the references for the complementary channels: voltage in current mode and
current in voltage mode. The range for these values is between a minimum (box) value (see Figure 1-3) and 1% above the rated nominal value (see PAR. 3.3.4.2). If the unit is in voltage mode,
it will enter current protect mode when the load demands more current and energy than permitted by the ±current protect settings. Similarly, if the unit is in current mode, it will enter voltage
protect mode if the load demands more voltage and energy than permitted by the ±voltage protect settings. When the protect settings are exceeded, the protection channel limits the output, a
VPROTECT, CPROTECT or PROTECT (PROTECT may be seen only when external limits are
in use) message is displayed at the upper right of the LCD, and the power supply continues
operation.
3.3.3.3
HIDDEN VOLTAGE AND CURRENT PROTECT LIMITS
The BOP employs two back-up channels which function as safety backups if a main channel
fails. The backup channel limits are fixed and not user accessible. These limits are set to 5%
over the nominal (rated) values for voltage or current. If the software limits for a main channel is
changed (PAR. 3.3.4.1) the corresponding protect channel limit is automatically changed to be
5% of the nominal (rated) value above the user-programmed software limit.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-15
3.3.4
CHANGING MAXIMUM OR MINIMUM SOFTWARE-CONTROLLED LIMITS
The maximum or minimum allowable voltage and current settings of the unit can be reduced
from the nominal using the Max/Min Settings menu. which lists the system’s software-controlled
voltage and current limits (+Voltage Max, –Voltage Min, +Current Max, –Current Min) as well as
the corresponding protection limits organized by operating mode. The default values of the system limits are established by the Model: the nominal (rated) values for voltage and current and
1.01 x the nominal (rated) values for protection. The default values can be reduced by modifying
the highlighted parameter. The unit will not accept local or remote commands that exceed the
system limits. The system limits are always in effect, even when the unit is controlled by an
external reference. If system limits are changed, the protection limits must be changed to
correspond to the new system limits. As an example, changing +Voltage Max and –Voltage
Min of a BOP 36-28MG to ±3V, respectively, causes the unit to behave as if it was a BOP 328MG. In this case it is important to change the +V Protect Max and –V Protect Min limits (e.g.,
to ±3.3V, respectively) so that the load is protected when operating in Current Mode. System
limits are absolute values (do not use minus sign for negative limits).
The internal parameters +Current Protect Min and –Current Protect Max are displayed to completely define the permissible window when operating in Voltage mode. Similarly, +Voltage Protect Min, and –Voltage Protect Max are displayed to completely define the permissible window
for voltage when operating in Current mode.
TABLE 3-5. MAX/MIN SETTINGS MENU
SETTING
Protect Entry
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
BIPOLAR
INDEPENDENT
FUNCTION
BIPOLAR - Causes a single protection limit value (one for voltage, one for current) to apply to both ± limits. Only one value is displayed and edited from the
front panel. (see PAR. 3.3.3.1.)
INDEPENDENT - Allows + and – protection limits to be set independently. from
the front panel (see PAR. 3.3.3.1 for considerations when using remote mode).
VOLTAGE MODE
+Voltage Max
(value)
+Eomax
Defines the maximum voltage level that can be set in voltage mode. Default =
Rated +Output voltage (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, Eomax = 36). To modify, see
PAR. 3.3.4.1.
–Voltage Min
(value)
–Eomax
Defines the minimum (maximum negative) voltage level that can be set in voltage mode. Default = Rated –Output voltage (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, Eomax =
36). To modify, see PAR. 3.3.4.1.
+C Protect Max
(value) model specific
Defines the maximum value for +Current Protect. To modify refer to 3.3.4.1.
up to Iomax + 1% of Iomax
+C Protect Min
(internal value)
Not Adjustable
Defines the minimum value that +Current Protect can be set to. This is a calculated value and is not adjustable from the front panel.
–C Protect Max
(internal value)
Not Adjustable
Defines the maximum (minimum negative) value that –Current Protect can be
set to. This is a calculated value and is not adjustable from the front panel.
–C Protect Min
(value) model specific
Defines the minimum (maximum negative) value for –Current Protect. To modify
up to Iomax + 1% of Iomax refer to 3.3.4.1.
CURRENT MODE
+Current Max
(value)
+Iomax
Defines the maximum current level that can be set in current mode. Default =
Rated +Output current (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, Iomax = 28). To modify, see
PAR. 3.3.4.1.
–Current Min
(value)
–Iomax
Defines the minimum (maximum negative) current level that can be set in current
mode. Default = Rated –Output current (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, Iomax = 28). To
modify, see PAR. 3.3.4.1.
3-16
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 3-5. MAX/MIN SETTINGS MENU (CONTINUED)
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
FUNCTION
+V Protect Max
(value)
Eomax +1% of Eomax
Defines the maximum value that +Voltage Protect can be set to. To modify refer
to 3.3.4.1.
+V Protect Min
(internal value)
Not Adjustable
Defines the minimum value that +Voltage Protect can be set to. This is a calculated value and is not adjustable from the front panel.
–V Protect Max
(internal value)
Not Adjustable
Defines the maximum (minimum negative) value that –Voltage Protect can be
set to. This is a calculated value and is not adjustable from the front panel.
–V Protect Min
(value)
Eomax + 1% of Eomax
SETTING
Defines the minimum (maximum negative) value for –Voltage Protect. To modify
refer to 3.3.4.1.
%
!
NOTE: To restore all Max/Min settings defaults, press
from the power-up screen, highlight Max/Min settings, press
, then
press
to restore defaults shown above in BOLD. Press
to save for power-up or
to apply the changes (without
saving for power-up) and exit.
@
3.3.4.1
$
%
CHANGING MAXIMUM ACCEPTED VOLTAGE OR CURRENT (MAIN CHANNEL SOFTWARE LIMITS)
The software limits for the main channels (+Voltage Max, –Voltage Min, +Current Max and –
Current Min) are the maximum (positive) and minimum (Maximum negative) values allowable
for voltage and current. The default software limits are determined by the model: the nominal
(rated) values for voltage and current (e.g., 36V and 28A for the BOP 36-28MG). These four
values can be adjusted independently. For example, a BOP 36-28MG, capable of delivering
±36V in voltage mode can be configured to allow voltage to be adjusted only from –1V to
+15V by setting –Voltage Min to –1 and +Voltage Max to +15. Similarly, a BOP 36-28MG,
capable of delivering ±28A in current mode can be configured to allow current to be adjusted
from –0.5A to +10A by setting –Current Min to –0.5 and +Voltage Max to +10. Adjustment
range is between 0 and EOnom for voltage and 0 and IOnom for current. Note that these software limits are not the same as the Protect Limits described in PAR. 3.3.4.2.
The main channel software limit values can be lowered (closer to zero) by the user, e.g., to prevent inadvertent damage to a specific circuit under test. When the maximum/minimum values
are lowered, the unit will not accept values that exceed the new software limits. If the user
attempts to enter a value that exceeds the software limit, the unit will continue to function. in
local mode the Exceeding Maximum Allowed Value message is displayed, and the output
will be clamped to the main channel software limit (maximum/minimum) value. In remote mode
the command is considered invalid and is disregarded: a 120 error is produced and the message Voltage Out of Range or Current Out of Range is displayed on the front panel.
The main channel software limits are always in effect, even when the unit is controlled by an
external reference. If main channel software limits are changed from the default, the protection limits must be changed to correspond to the new software limits (see PAR.
3.3.4.2). As an example, changing +Voltage Max and –Voltage Min of a BOP 36-28MG to ±3V,
respectively, causes the unit to behave as if it was a BOP 3-28MG. In this case it is important to
change the +V Protect Max and –V Protect Min limits (e.g., to ±3.3V, respectively) so that the
load is protected when operating in Current Mode.
1. Press % from the power-up screen to enter the General Setup menu, then highlight
Max/Min Settings.
2. Press ! to enter the Max/Min Settings submenu (Figure 3-7 and Table 3-5). (If a Password
is required, see PAR. 3.2.4.4 for instructions.)
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-17
3. Highlight the voltage or current max/min value and press ! to change it. Software limits
are absolute values (do not use minus sign for negative limits). Use number keys to change
the setting, then $ to save.
4. When complete, press $ to save for power-up,
(without saving for power-up) and exit.
# to abort, or % to apply the changes
5. Upon return to the power-up screen, the main channel (voltage or current) is compared
against the main channel limits in effect. If the main channel exceeds the limit, it is set to
zero.
3.3.4.2
CHANGING MAXIMUM/MINIMUM PROTECTION SOFTWARE-CONTROLLED LIMITS
The ± protection limits are software limits that establish the maximum and minimum (maximum
negative) allowable levels of output voltage in current mode and current in voltage mode. The
default protection limits are 1% above EOmax or 1% above IOmax.
The protect channel limits are +V (voltage) Protect max, –V Protect min, +C (current) Protect
Max and –C Protect min (see Table 3-4); these prevent the unit from delivering voltage or current that exceed these settings. In voltage mode the current protect channel is clamped to the
limit value; in current mode the voltage protect channel is clamped to the limit value. Adjustment
range is between a minimum (box) value (see Figure 1-3) and 1% above the nominal (rated)
value.
CAUTION: WHEN WORKING WITH ACTIVE LOADS, ALWAYS ADJUST THE BOP PROTECTION LIMITS TO BE ABOVE THE MAXIMUM VALUES OF VOLTAGE OR
CURRENT EXPECTED FROM THE LOAD. FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN THE BOP IS
OPERATING IN VOLTAGE MODE SINKING ENERGY FROM A CONSTANT
CURRENT TYPE LOAD, SET THE CURRENT PROTECTION LIMITS OF THE
BOP ABOVE THE MAXIMUM CURRENT EXPECTED FROM THE LOAD.
1. Press % from the power-up screen to enter the General Setup menu, then highlight
Max/Min Settings and press ! to view. (If a Password is required, see PAR. 3.2.4.4 for
instructions.)
2.
Highlight the ±CPROTECT or ±VPROTECT max/min value and press ! to change it. Software limits are absolute values (do not use minus sign for negative limits). Use number keys
to change the setting. Press $ to save, or % to abort.
3. When complete, press $ to save for power-up, or # to abort, or % to apply the changes
(without saving for power-up) and exit.
4. Upon return to the power-up screen, the new protection limit (voltage or current) is compared against the protection limits in effect. If the new protection limit setting is below the
existing setting for the protection limit, the protection channel (voltage or current) is set to
zero.
3.3.4.3
EXTERNAL LIMITS
These limits are external analog signals which are converted within the BOP to digital signals
that program the protection channels only: current protect in voltage mode and voltage protect
in current mode. The range of each analog input signal is +1V to +10V, corresponding to a
range for clamping the output between minimum, 10% of nominal (positive and negative), to
+max/–min of nominal rating. Refer to PAR. 3.4.4 for details on implementing external limits.
Table 3-4 explains the effect that these limits have in both voltage and current mode, and references the corresponding paragraph for changing the parameter in either local or remote mode.
3-18
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.3.5
ENABLING/DISABLING DC OUTPUT POWER
The BOP output can be disabled (OFF) or enabled (ON) by toggling the STANDBY key in local
mode or sending the SCPI OUTPut ON or OUTPut OFF command (see PAR. B.13) via the
selected digital remote control bus (see PAR. 3.5). The behavior of the unit when disabled
depends on the Load Type setting (see PAR. 3.3.6 and Table 3-6 for details).
3.3.6
DETERMINING HOW THE UNIT RESPONDS WHEN OUTPUT IS OFF (LOAD TYPE)
The BOP supports three Load Type selections (see Table 3-6) which determine how the power
supply responds when the output is off: ACTIVE, RESISTIVE and BATTERY. (Load type CUSTOM (not normally active) permits customized settings to be implemented; for details contact
consult factory.) These selections are designed to provide proper operation with different load
types. It is important to note that the Load Type selection does not affect the settings of the
power supply for ON state; it only affects the main internal reference level and the protection levels during the OFF state.
WARNING
For inductive loads, and especially superconducting magnet type
loads, the inherent offset of the BOP in the OFF state may generate significant current in the circuit. A properly rated switch in parallel with a
resistor must be connected between the power supply and the load.
The switch must be open and the BOP front panel LCD must read 0V,
0A before removing or installing connections between BOP and load.
ACTIVE. Active mode (default setting) is necessary for the power supply to function properly
and safely with inductive loads and constant-current-type active electronic loads. Active mode
can also be used with resistive loads. Table 3-6 indicates how the power supply responds to a
command to go from Output ON to OFF. When the output is disabled, the unit is set to voltage
mode, voltage is set to zero and both current protect and voltage limit are set to maximum.
When the unit is enabled, the pre-existing settings for voltage, current protect and voltage limit
are restored.
WARNING
For both inductive loads and constant-current-type active electronic
loads when the BOP output is set to OFF, a path is provided for absorbing either the energy accumulated in the reactance of the load during
the ON state, or energy delivered by an electronic load. This prevents
damage to the load and power supply as well as providing safety for
the user. However, In addition to the built-in safety features, constantcurrent-type active electronic loads must be adjusted to zero and the
BOP front panel LCD must read 0V, minimum current, before handling
the power supply-to-load connections.
RESISTIVE. This mode, as the name suggests, is useful for resistive loads. Table 3-6 indicates
how the power supply responds to a command to go from Output ON to OFF.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-19
WARNING
Accessing the BOP after the output is disabled in BATTERY mode is
hazardous because (1) high current arcing is possible and (2) either the
external battery voltage, or the voltage (±Voltage Protection max) on the
BOP output terminals may be dangerous. Therefore, for battery and
constant-voltage-type active electronic loads it is recommended that
two properly rated external switches be installed for safety: one in
series with the battery, and one across the BOP output. After the unit is
set to OFF, first open the switch in series with the battery, then close
the switch across the BOP output to ensure safety before handling
BOP connections. When connecting the battery, the switch across the
output should be opened after the connections are complete and then
the switch in series with the battery should be closed. If the constantvoltage-type active electronic load is adjusted to zero before handling
the power supply-to-load connections, only the switch across the BOP
output is required.
BATTERY. This mode is necessary for the power supply to function properly and safely with
either battery or constant-voltage-type active electronic loads. This mode prevents the battery
from discharging during the OFF state. When the output is disabled (set to OFF), the BOP will
go to current mode, current will be set to zero, with voltage protect and current limit set to maximum. In this way the battery will not be discharged while the output is OFF. For constant-voltage-type active electronic loads this mode stops energy flow during the OFF state. Table 3-6
indicates how the power supply responds to a command to go from Output ON to OFF.
TABLE 3-6. POWER SUPPLY BEHAVIOR WHEN OUTPUT IS SET TO OFF
LOAD TYPE
SETTING
If unit was in Voltage Mode when output OFF
command issued.
If unit was in Current Mode when output OFF
command issued.
ACTIVE
•
•
•
•
Unit remains in voltage mode.
Voltage set to zero.
Both ± Current Protect set to maximum.
Both ± Voltage Limit remain at maximum.
•
•
•
•
Unit set to voltage mode.
Voltage set to zero.
Both ± Current Protect remain at maximum.
Both ± Voltage Limit set to maximum.
RESISTIVE
•
•
•
•
Unit remains in voltage mode.
Voltage set to zero.
Both ± Current Protect set to minimum box values.
Both ± Voltage Limit. remain at maximum.
•
•
•
•
Unit remains in current mode.
Current set to zero.
Both ± Current Protect set to minimum box values.
Both ± Voltage Limit set to maximum,
BATTERY
•
•
•
•
Unit set to current mode.
Current set to zero.
Both ± Voltage Protect. remain at maximum.
Both ± Current Limit set to maximum.
•
•
•
•
Unit remains in current mode,
Current set to zero.
Both ± Voltage Protect set to maximum.
Both ± Current Limit remain at maximum.
To configure, press % from the power-up screen, then highlight Load Type and press ! to
modify. (If a Password is required, see PAR. 3.2.4.4 for instructions.) Highlight Active, Resistive
or Battery (see explanations and associated WARNINGS above) and press $ to save. Then
press $ to save for power-up, # to abort, or % to apply the changes (without saving for
power-up) and exit. After configuring, the new setting will be effective when the power supply
goes from output on to output off.
To restore factory default (Active), press % from the power-up screen, highlight Load Type,
press !, then press @ to restore default. Press $ to save for power-up or % to exit
3-20
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.3.7
CHANGING THE DEFAULT POWER UP SETTINGS
When the BOP is shipped, the following default settings are programmed to be in effect each
time the unit is turned on, however these defaults may be changed as indicated below;
•
•
•
•
•
Mode: Voltage (may be voltage or current, see PARs. 3.3.2 and 3.4.2. Table 3-7 illustrates the relationship between Mode, Main Channel, Protection Type and Levels settings.
Main Channel: Internal (may be Internal, External, or External Reference Level, PARs.
3.3.3 and 3.4.3).
Protection type: Internal (may be Internal, External, Lesser Limit) (see PARs. 3.3.3 and
3.4.4)
Levels, Voltage and Current: maximum (see PAR. 3.4.4) Represents the power-up values for protection limit channels (bipolar limits), voltage for current mode and current for
voltage mode. Table 3-7 illustrates the relationship between Mode, Main Channel, Protection Type and Levels settings.
Output: on (may be on or off) (see PAR. 3.3.5)
To change the default settings refer to the applicable paragraph(s) specified above as needed,
then from the power-up screen press %. Highlight Power-up Settings and press !. (If a Password is required, see PAR. 3.2.4.4 for instructions.) Highlight the parameter and press ! to
modify. Use Y, U or the ADJUST control to highlight a selection, then press $ to save. To
change a value use the number keys to enter new setting, then $ to save. When all power-up
settings have been configured, press $ to save for power up or % to exit and abort the
change.
To restore the factory default power-up settings listed above, from the power-up screen press
%. Highlight Power-up Settings and press !. Then press @ to restore the defaults. Then
press $ to save for power up or % to exit and abort the change.
These settings can be directly applied to a load upon power-up. Many other configurable settings can be saved for power up using the $ key after modifying the setting
TABLE 3-7. EXAMPLES SHOWING HOW POWER-UP SETTINGS FUNCTION
Mode
Main
Channel
Protection
Type
Levels
Power-up condition (output ON)
(All referenced pins located on Analog I/O Port
see PAR. 3.4 and Figure 2-1)
Voltage
Internal
Internal
Voltage: 10
Current: 25
Unit powers up in voltage mode, 0V, ±current protection set to 25A. Pressing
MODE changes mode to current, puts unit in standby: output to 0A, ±voltage
protection to power-up setting of 10V, output off and STANDBY indicator on.
Current
Internal
Internal
Voltage: 10
Current: 25
Unit powers up in current mode, 0A, ±voltage protection set to 10V. Pressing
MODE changes mode to voltage, puts unit in standby: output to 0V, current
protection to power-up setting of 25A, output off and STANDBY indicator on.
Voltage
External
or
ExtRefLvl
Voltage: 10
Current: 25
Unit powers up in voltage mode, output voltage determined by Analog port,
pin 11 (see PAR. 3.4.3.1 for External, PAR. 3.4.3.2 for ExtRefLvl), ±current
protection set to 25A. Pressing MODE changes mode to current, puts unit in
standby, ±voltage protection to power-up setting of 10V. When output is on
(STANDBY indicator off), output current determined by pin 11.
Current
External
or
ExtRefLvl
Voltage: 10
Current: 25
Unit powers up in current mode, output current determined by Analog port,
pin 11 (see PAR. 3.4.3.1 for External, PAR. 3.4.3.2 for ExtRefLvl), ±voltage
protection set to 10V. Pressing MODE changes mode to voltage and puts unit
in standby, ±current protection to power-up setting of 25A. When output is on
(STANDBY indicator off), output voltage determined by pin 11.
BOP HIPWR 101509
Internal
Internal
3-21
TABLE 3-7. EXAMPLES SHOWING HOW POWER-UP SETTINGS FUNCTION (CONTINUED)
Mode
Voltage
Current
3.3.8
Main
Channel
Protection
Type
Levels
Power-up condition (output ON)
(All referenced pins located on Analog I/O Port
see PAR. 3.4 and Figure 2-1)
Internal
External
or Lesser
Limit
Voltage: 10
Current: 25
Unit powers up in voltage mode, 0V, ±current protection determined by pins 5
and 13 (see PAR. 3.4.4 for External, PAR. 3.4.4.1 for Lesser Limit). Pressing
MODE changes mode to current, puts unit in standby. When output is on,
(STANDBY indicator off), ±voltage protection determined by, pins 6 and 14.
Internal
External
or Lesser
Limit
Voltage: 10
Current: 25
Unit powers up in Current mode, 0A, ±voltage protection determined by pins
6 and 14 (see PAR. 3.4.4 for External, PAR. 3.4.4.1 for Lesser Limit). Pressing MODE changes mode to voltage, puts unit in standby. When output is on,
(STANDBY indicator off), output voltage is 0V, ±current protection determined
by, pins 5 and 13.
STORING/RECALLING POWER SUPPLY OUTPUT SETTINGS
The power supply settings (mode, main channel reference type and setting, protection limit type
and setting and output status) can be stored in one of 99 memory locations for later recall. This
feature is accessible from the front panel by pressing ! from the power-up screen to view the
Saved Settings screen (Figure 3-8). For a description of abbreviations used, refer to PAR.
3.3.8.1 To view previously saved settings refer to PAR 3.3.8.2. To save the power supply settings or modify previously saved settings refer to PAR. 3.3.8.3. To recall saved settings and
apply them to the output refer to PAR. 3.3.8.5.
3.3.8.1
UNDERSTANDING ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR SAVED SETTINGS
The parameters listed in Table 3-8 are displayed, followed by a listing of the first 20 memory
locations, displayed in two rows of ten. Use T and R keys to display additional columns or
navigate to the desired location.
Locations that are not empty show an abbreviated representation of the saved settings. (To see
all the pertinent settings for a particular location, highlight the location, then press !; press %
to exit without modifying the settings.)
If either Voltage or Current mode were saved, the main channel setting is listed under the Main
heading followed by V (voltage) or A (current), followed by either f (Output OFF), n (Output ON).
If the reference type is ExtRefLvl (instead of Internal or External), the uppercase V or A is
replaced by lowercase v or a. The protection setting is listed under the Prot heading.
If External mode was saved, the protection setting is followed by C, indicating that the mode
(voltage or current is Conditioned by the external signal applied to pin 2 of the Analog I/O Port
(see Table 2-10).
If the protection setting is followed by a minus sign (–) it indicates that the negative protection
value (displayed) is set larger (absolute value) than the positive protection value (not shown on
the list). Similarly, if the protection setting is followed by a plus sign (+) it indicates that the positive protection value (displayed) is set larger than the negative protection value (not shown on
the list).
If Main channel reference was saved as External, EXT is listed under the Main heading. In this
case the main channel reference uses the external voltage applied to pin 11 of the Analog I/O
Input Port (see Table 2-10).
3-22
BOP HIPWR 101509
If Protection type was saved as External, EXT is listed under the Prot heading. In this case the
protection settings are determined by the levels applied to the appropriate pins of the Analog I/O
Input Port (see Table 2-10). If the main channel is voltage, the protection settings are determined by pin 5 (negative current protection) and pin 13 (positive current protection). If the main
channel is current, the protection settings are determined by pin 6 (negative voltage protection)
and pin 14 (positive voltage protection).
FIGURE 3-8.
3.3.8.2
SAVED SETUPS MENU
VIEWING SAVED SETTINGS
1. Pressing ! from the power-up screen displays the Saved Setups screen (Figure 3-8) consisting of a list of locations 1 through 20 arranged in two columns of 10 rows. Use T and R
keys to display additional columns. NOTE: Use the number keys as a shortcut, e.g., pressing 4 immediately highlights location 41, showing the column with locations 41 through 50.
2. Use the U and Y keys to highlight the desired memory location; When the desired location
is highlighted, press !. The details of the parameters listed in Table 3-8 are displayed.
3.3.8.3
SAVING SETTINGS AND ERASING OR MODIFYING PREVIOUSLY SAVED SETTINGS
1. Press ! from the power-up screen to enter the Saved Setups screen (Figure 3-8).
2. Use the U and Y keys to highlight the desired memory location; To erase a highlighted
memory location, press #. The list will show erased locations as Empty.
3. Press ! to see the details stored in the highlighted location.
4. Once the details are displayed, use the U and Y keys to highlight the desired parameter.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-23
TABLE 3-8. SAVE/RECALL MENU
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
PARAMETER
FUNCTION
NOTE: DEFAULT values for empty cells are the settings of the unit at the time the save/recall menu is entered.
VOLT
CURRENT
EXTERNAL
VOLT - Selects voltage mode. Voltage value determined by SETTING.
CURRENT - Selects current mode. Current value determined by SETTING.
EXTERNAL - Used for customized configuration where EXT VM/CM signal at pin
2 of I/O port controls mode; consult factory for details.
MAIN CHANNEL
REFERENCE
INTERNAL
EXTERNAL
EXTL REF LVL
INTERNAL: Any external reference applied to the Analog I/O port pin 11 is ignored
and the internal reference established by SETTING field.
EXTERNAL: The internal reference is ignored, and the external reference applied
to the Analog I/O port pin 11 is used (see PAR. 3.4.3.1).
EXTL REF LVL: Allows the gain of the BOP to be established by the maximum
output voltage or current introduced by the SETTING field. (see PAR. 3.4.3.2).
SETTING
nn.nnn or
nnn.nnn
(model and parameter
dependent)
Sets the active channel setting. E.g., if VOLT mode is selected, nnn.nnn is voltage
setting, if CURRENT mode is selected, nn.nnn is current setting. If EXTERNAL
mode is selected, SETTING is not available.
INTERNAL
EXTERNAL
LESSER LIMIT
INTERNAL - Allows limits to be controlled by POSITIVE and NEGATIVE values.
EXTERNAL: Allows limits to be controlled by analog signals applied to the analog
port (see PAR. 3.4.4).
LESSER LIMIT: Allows protect limit to be automatically selected from either 1) the
external analog voltage applied to the Analog I/O port or 2) the value set in the
POSITIVE and NEGATIVE fields. Whichever limit has a lower absolute value
(closest to zero) has effect (see PAR. 3.4.4).
POSITIVE
nn.nnn or
nnn.nnn
This is the positive value for Voltage protect if CURRENT mode is selected, or the
positive value for Current protect if VOLTAGE mode is selected. If EXTERNAL
mode is selected, this field is not accessible.
NEGATIVE
nn.nnn or
nnn.nnn
This is the negative value for Voltage protect if CURRENT mode is selected, or the
negative value for Current protect if VOLTAGE mode is selected. If EXTERNAL
mode is selected, this field is not accessible.
OFF
ON
OFF - Output disabled. The behavior of the unit when output is disabled depends
on the LOAD TYPE setting (see PAR.3.3.6).
ON - Output enabled.
MODE
PROTECTION
MODE
OUTPUT
NOTE: If a value to be saved is beyond the range of the unit, the value saved will be limited to
the maximum value. If the Mode is changed, the numerical values for the main and
protection channels must be revised accordingly.
•
To modify the parameter, press !. Highlight the desired choice from a list, or use the
keypad to enter a numeric value, then press $ to save, or % to abort.
•
To exit without changing the parameter, press %.
5. Continue to modify parameters as described in step 4 above. When all parameters have
been modified, press $ to save for power-up. Press % to exit without storing the
changes.
NOTE: If the message CHANGES NOT ALLOWED is displayed, the memory location has been
remotely locked (see PAR. A.12 for details).
6. After the changes have been saved, the unit returns to the Saved Settings screen, where
the saved settings can now be applied to the output by pressing @.
3-24
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.3.8.4
COPYING PREVIOUSLY SAVED SETTINGS TO A NEW LOCATION
1. Press ! from the power-up screen to enter the Saved Setups screen (Figure 3-8).
2. Use the U and Y keys to highlight the location to be copied, then press $.
3. Highlight an Empty location and press $ to save to the highlighted location, or press % to
abort the copy.
3.3.8.5
APPLYING SAVED SETTINGS TO THE OUTPUT (RECALL)
1. Press ! from the power-up screen to enter the Save/Recall menu.
2. Use the U and Y keys to highlight the desired memory location. When the desired location
is highlighted, press ! to view the detailed settings before execution, or press @ to apply
the settings to the output. Refer to PAR. 3.3.8.3 to modify a setting before execution.
3.3.9
WAVEFORM GENERATION
3.3.9.1
PROTECTING THE LOAD WHEN ACCESSING WAVEFORMS
CAUTION: BEFORE PRESSING @ TO ENTER THE SAVED WAVEFORM SCREEN FROM
THE POWER-UP SCREEN, PERFORM THE FOLLOWING STEPS TO AVOID
UNEXPECTED VOLTAGES OR CURRENTS FROM PREVIOUS SETTINGS
BEING BRIEFLY APPLIED TO THE LOAD WHEN THE WAVEFORM IS FIRST
EXECUTED.
1. Use the MODE key to set the operating mode of the unit (voltage or current) to correspond
with the mode of the waveform.
2. Set the main channel to zero, and the protection channel to maximum. This ensures that the
waveform will start from zero. Otherwise, between pressing STANDBY to turn the output on,
and pressing $ to execute the waveform, the previously programmed settings of the power
supply will be applied to the load until the waveform starts executing.
3.3.9.2
WAVEFORM OVERVIEW
After observing the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, the Saved Waveforms screen (Figure 3-9) is
entered by pressing @ from the power-up screen (Figure 3-3). Waveforms that have been previously saved will be displayed with the previously assigned names; waveforms that have been
erased will appear as Empty. Up to 16 separate local waveforms can be programmed and
stored from the front panel.
Each waveform has an identifying name, the operating mode (voltage or current), positive and
negative protection values, and the count (the number of times the complete waveform is to be
repeated). Setting the count to zero allows the waveform to repeat continuously.
A waveform is comprised of at least one, or as many as 10 segments. Each segment has an
individually specified value for Type, Frequency or Period, Amplitude, Offset, Start angle, Stop
angle, and Initial/Repeat; see Table 3-11 for details. Refer to PAR. 3.3.9.5 to view a previously
saved waveform, PAR. 3.3.9.6 to execute a previously saved waveform, PAR. 3.3.9.7 to modify
a previously saved waveform, PAR. 3.3.9.8 to create a new waveform and PAR. 3.3.9.9 for an
example with detailed instructions on how to create a complex waveform.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-25
FIGURE 3-9.
3.3.9.3
SAVED WAVEFORMS MENU
UNDERSTANDING HOW WAVEFORMS ARE GENERATED
Waveform are generated by the BOP by producing a series of discrete output levels (points) in a
prescribed pattern. In the case of sine, triangle and ramps, this produces an output that conforms to an approximation of the selected waveform type. The number of points available for a
waveform is limited to 3933 for all segments. Since there are a finite number of points, the lower
the frequency, the more points used, and the smoother the output waveform will appear. As the
frequency increases, fewer points are available for each cycle and the resulting waveform may
appear somewhat more jagged. Tables 3-9 and 3-10 list the number of points used for each frequency range of sine, triangle and ramp waveforms and for square waveforms, respectively.
Levels use a maximum of 60 points.
This means that a waveform consisting of a single sinewave segment at 0.1 Hz will use all 3840
points to generate each cycle, while a sinewave at 440 Hz will use 24 points for each cycle.
Note that a single segment between 0.01Hz and 1.8Hz uses all available points, so subsequent
segments will not be accepted. Four segments of 10Hz will be acceptable, while five segments
at 10 Hz will not be accepted. Reducing the segment by using the start and stop angle will also
reduce the number of points used.
Each time a segment is added, the waveform is validated. When a segment is added that
causes the point total to exceed 3933, three asterisks *** will appear to the left of the segment,
and the error message “LIST TOO SMALL” will be displayed briefly. This can be corrected by
either reducing the number of segments, or increasing the frequency of the existing segments
until the point total is acceptable.
3.3.9.4
WAVEFORM SPECIFICATIONS
Refer to Table 1-2 for specifications applicable to waveforms created either locally, using the
BOP front panel (Local) or remotely from a host computer, using LIST commands (Remote). Differences between local and remote operation are highlighted.
3-26
BOP HIPWR 101509
TABLE 3-9. SINE, TRIANGLE AND RAMP WAVEFORM FREQUENCY VS. POINTS
Frequency
(See Notes 1, 2, and 3)
From
To
0.01Hz
2.7Hz
Total Points
3840
Frequency
(See Notes 1, 2, and 3)
Total Points
From
To
55.5Hz
66.5Hz
160
2.71Hz
3.6Hz
2880
66.6Hz
88.7Hz
120
3.71Hz
5.5Hz
1920
88.8Hz
118.3Hz
90
5.6Hz
8.3Hz
1280
118.4Hz
147.9Hz
72
8.4Hz
11.0Hz
960
148Hz
177.4Hz
60
11.1Hz
14.7Hz
720
177.5Hz
221.8Hz
48
14.8Hz
22.1Hz
480
221.9Hz
295.8Hz
36
22.2Hz
33.2Hz
320
295.81Hz
354.9Hz
30
33.3Hz
44.3Hz
240
355.9Hz
443.7Hz
24 (See Note 2)
44.4Hz
55.4Hz
192
443.8z
532Hz
20 (See Note 3)
NOTES: 1. As the frequency varies within the range, the time interval per point varies proportionately.
2. Sine and Triangle segments can not exceed 443Hz.
3. Ramp segments can not exceed 532Hz.
TABLE 3-10. SQUARE WAVEFORM FREQUENCY VS. POINTS
Frequency
(See Note 1)
From
To
0.02Hz
1.8Hz
1.81Hz
2.7Hz
2.71Hz
4.01
Total Points
Frequency
(See Notes 1)
Total Points
From
To
3840
43.51Hz
58.0Hz
120
2880
58.01Hz
72.5Hz
90
4.0Hz
1920
72.51Hz
87.0Hz
72
5.4Hz
1280
87.01Hz
108.7Hz
60
5.41
7.2Hz
960
108.71Hz
145.0Hz
48
7.21Hz
10.8Hz
720
145.2.9Hz
174.0Hz
36
10.81
16.3Hz
480
174.1Hz
217.5Hz
30
16.31Hz
21.7Hz
320
217.6Hz
261.0Hz
24
21.71Hz
27.1Hz
240
261.1Hz
435.0Hz
20
27.11Hz
32.6Hz
192
435Hz
652.5Hz
12
55.5Hz
66.5Hz
160
653
1000
10
NOTE: 1. As the frequency varies within the range, the time interval per point varies proportionately.
3.3.9.5
VIEWING STORED WAVEFORMS
After observing the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, press @ from the power-up screen to access
the Saved Waveforms screen (Figure 3-9). Use Y or U or the encoder to highlight the name of
a previously saved waveform, then press ! to view the Waveform Settings screen (see Figure
3-10). The lower half of the LCD shows a representation of the programmed waveform. The letters along the vertical axis of the graph at the lower left side indicate whether the waveform is
programmed to operate in voltage or current mode. The message at the upper right indicates
the actual mode of the power supply while the waveform is being executed. The upper half presents the waveform name, positive and negative protection settings, the repetition count, followed by a listing of segments. The type (square, sine, etc.), frequency, p-p amplitude, and
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-27
whether the segment is initial (run only the first time) or repeating is indicated by I or R, respectively. To see the offset, start/stop angle, initial/repeat for a segment, use Y or U or the
encoder to highlight the segment, then press ! (Initial/Repeat is not available for the last segment, since the last segment must repeat). Use use Y or U to highlight the parameter, press
!, then set the value or highlight the desired setting and press $ to save for power-up or %
to abort and exit without changing the parameter.
FIGURE 3-10.
3.3.9.6
WAVEFORM SETTINGS MENU
EXECUTING A WAVEFORM
After observing the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, press @ from the power-up screen to enter
the Saved Waveforms screen (Figure 3-9). Highlight one of the stored waveforms, then press
!. If the unit is in Standby, press the STANDBY key to turn the output on, then press $ to
execute the waveform.
To stop execution, press
(STANDBY indicator on).
%.
This stops waveform execution and puts the unit into standby
While the waveform is executing, the display shows a graphic of the programmed waveform
(repeating segments only) below the message Waveform Executing.
WARNING
Be sure that output power is OFF (Standby indicator lit) while connecting monitoring device. Be sure that connections are secure and that
terminals are not inadvertently shorted.
It is recommended that an oscilloscope be used to view the actual output. Connect the oscilloscope across OUT S and COM S terminals of the rear panel terminal block to monitor the output
at the load, or between OUT MON and COM MON to monitor the BOP output at the BOP (see
Figure 2-1).
3.3.9.7
MODIFYING PREVIOUSLY STORED WAVEFORMS
To edit a previously stored waveform, first observe the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, then view
the waveform and highlight the segment to edit as specified in PAR. 3.3.9.5. (The operating
3-28
BOP HIPWR 101509
mode can not be edited; to change from a voltage waveform to a current waveform, refer to
PAR. 3.3.9.8 to start a new waveform.)
Use Y or U or ADJUST to highlight the segment, then press ! to edit,
When editing a segment, a submenu showing the parameters for that segment will open (see
Table 3-11). Use Y or U or the encoder to highlight the parameter, then press ! to edit,
change the parameter, then press $ to save or % to abort. Then press $ to save for power
p or % to abort and exit without saving the segment parameters that were edited.
TABLE 3-11. WAVEFORM SEGMENT DETAILS MENU
SETTING
Type
CHOICES
FUNCTION
Square
Pos Ramp
Neg Ram
Triangle
Sine
Level
Square - Square wave, bipolar, starts with positive excursion (see Note 1).
Pos Ramp - Increasing ramp, bipolar (see Note 1).
Neg Ramp - Decreasing ramp, bipolar (see Note 1).
Triangle - bipolar, starts with positive excursion, start/stop angle may be user controlled
(see Note 1).
Sine - - bipolar, starts with positive excursion, start/stop angle may be user controlled
(see Note 1).
Level - value determined by offset., duration determined by Period.
Frequency (Hz) or
Period (Sec) for Level
only
xxxx.xxx (Hz) or Square wave: 0.02 to 1000 Hz
xx.xxxx (Seconds) Ramp: 0.02 to 532 Hz
Sine or Triangle:0.01 to 443 Hz
(see Note 3)
Level: Period in seconds. 0.005 to 5.0000 seconds
Amplitude (P to P)
xxx.xxx
Peak to peak amplitude of segment. Volts or Amperes determined by mode selected
(Volts or Amperes) for waveform. Value within model rating acceptable (e.g., for BOP 100-10MG, maximum amplitude is 200V). Values that exceed the maximum or minimum software limits
(see PAR. 3.3.4.2) are neither accepted nor executed.
Offset
xxx.xxx
DC level on which the waveform (centered) will ride or Amplitude for Level segments.
(Volts or Amperes) Volts or Amperes determined by mode selected for waveform. E.g. for BOP 100-10MG,
to specify a positive ramp that goes from +30V to +80V, set amplitude to +50V and offset to +55V. Since p-p amplitude of segment is centered on offset, it is possible for the
waveform to exceed the model ratings (e.g., for the BHK 100-10MG, if the amplitude is
set to 150V and the offset is -50V, the negative portion of the segment will exceed the 100V maximum of the model). In this case the output is clamped to the max/min software limit in effect (see PAR. 3.3.4.1). Values that exceed the maximum or minimum
software limits (see PAR. 3.3.4.2) are neither accepted nor executed.
Start Angle
(Sine or Triangle only)
xxx x
(degrees)
The point at which the sine or triangle waveform segment starts. Values from 0.0° to
360.0° are acceptable. Default is 0.0°.
Stop Angle
(Sine or Triangle only)
xxx x
(degrees)
The point at which the sine or triangle waveform segment stops. Values from 0.0° to
360.0° acceptable. Default is 0.0° (functions the same as 360°).
Initial/ Repeat
Repeating
Initial
Repeating - Segment is executed for each cycle specified by the Count (see Note 2).
Initial - Segment is executed only on the first count and skipped for all subsequent
counts. Useful for preconditioning applications (see Note 2).
All segments except the last may be set to Initial or Repeating. The last segment is
always Repeating
NOTES
1. All waveforms except Level are centered on the offset. E.g. for a BOP 100-10MG, a positive ramp of 100V p-p amplitude, 10V
offset, will start at -40V and increase to +60V over the time period (T) determined by the frequency (F): T = 1/F.
2. When starting a new waveform, the first segment is always a repeating segment. One or more initial segments can be inserted
before the first repeating segment. Segments inserted before an initial segment are automatically set to initial; segments
inserted after a repeating segment are automatically set to repeating. It is recommended that the repeating segments be created
first. E.g. For a waveform with five segments, 1 and 2 designated Initial and 3, 4, and 5 designated Repeating, If the count was
set to 10, the first waveform would be comprised of segments 1 through 5, but the next nine waveforms would only have segments 3, 4, and 5. This feature can be useful for establishing an initial delay or preconditioning the load prior to running the
repeating waveform.
3. If the internal memory space used to process a waveform segment is exceeded, *** is displayed to the left of the segment(s) in
error. This can be corrected by 1) increasing the frequency (the lower the frequency, the more memory is used), 2) reducing the
number of segments.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-29
To delete a segment, highlight the segment at the Waveform Settings screen (Figure 3-10), the
press #, to permanently erase the segment. This change is saved immediately and can not be
undone.
To add a segment, at the Waveform Settings screen (Figure 3-10) highlight the segment following the one to be added (e.g., if there are three existing segments (1, 2, 3), to add a segment
between 2 and 3, highlight 3. To add a segment following 3, highlight End of Segments. After
highlighting the segment, press @ to insert a new segment. The parameters applicable to the
waveform type selected (see Table 3-11 for details) can then be modified as desired.
3.3.9.8
CREATING A NEW WAVEFORM
1. After observing the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, press @ from the power-up screen to enter
the Saved Waveforms screen (Figure 3-9), highlight one of the waveforms designated
Empty, then press @. The Waveform Settings screen (Figure 3-10) opens.
2. Assign a name to the waveform: highlight Name, press ! to modify, change the name
using the Y or U keys or ADJUST or the multiple presses of the numeric keys (see PAR.
3.2.4.2 for details). Press $ to save or % to abort.the change and exit.
TABLE 3-12. NEW WAVEFORM SETTINGS MENU
SETTING
CHOICES
FUNCTION
Name
Alphanumeric characters
(10 characters max.)
(Name Assigned by User)
Waveforms are assigned a number from 1 to 16. When a new waveform is
programmed, a name must be assigned so it can be easily recognized and
recalled. Up to16 waveforms can be stored from the front panel.
Mode
VOLTAGE
CURRENT
Determines the active mode for the waveform. This setting cannot be
changed once it has been saved. To change the mode, create a new waveform and delete the existing waveform.
Assigns the positive and negative protect levels to be in effect while the waveform is running. These levels apply to the complementary channel. (e.g., if the
Mode selected is voltage, the complementary channel is the current channel.
Protection
Positive
Negative
Count
0-999
Determines how many times the waveform is to be repeated, except for segments marked Initial, which are only executed once. To repeat the waveform
indefinitely, set the count to 0
3. Refer to Table 3-12 and enter the desired settings for Mode, Positive and Negative Protection and Count. These settings apply to all waveform segments. (Note that the setting for
mode cannot be changed once it has been saved; to change the mode, create a new waveform.) For each parameter listed in Table 3-12 use Y or U or ADJUST to highlight the
parameter, then press ! to edit, change the parameter, then press $ to save or % to
abort and exit.
4. Refer to Table 3-11 and enter the parameters for the first segment: Type, Frequency, Amplitude (p-p) and Offset. For each parameter use Y or U or the encoder to highlight the
parameter, then press ! to edit, change the parameter, then press $ to save or % to
abort and exit.
5. When segment is complete, press
desired.
$ to save for power up. Continue to add segments as
NOTE: When the first segment is added, start/stop angle is not accessible, however this can
be modified once the segment has been added.
3-30
BOP HIPWR 101509
6. When adding a new segment, the parameters of the highlighted segment are copied. It is
not possible to move or copy a segment to another location. Refer to Table 3-11, Note 2 for
details about initial vs. repeating segments. Refer to PAR. 3.3.9.9 for a detailed example of
how to add segments to build a complex waveform.
3.3.9.9
USING SEGMENTS TO BUILD A WAVEFORM
The following steps provide detailed instructions to illustrate how a complex waveform, illustrated in Figure 3-11, may be created by building segments. Refer to PAR. 3.2.4 for details on
changing parameters if needed.
FIGURE 3-11.
SAMPLE WAVEFORM
1. After observing the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, press @ from the power-up screen to enter
the Saved Waveforms screen (Figure 3-9), highlight a waveform designated Empty and
press @ to create a new waveform.
2. The initial waveform settings are displayed (see Table 3-11 and Table 3-12 for parameter
details. Use ! to modify the initial settings for the waveform. For each parameter, use $
to save the setting.
Name
Mode
Protection
Positive
Negative
Count
Segment
Type
Frequency (Hz)
Amplitude (p-p)
Offset
CAP CHARG
VOLTAGE
10
10
0
Neg Ramp
50
4
8
When all settings are complete, press $ to save for power-up. This step creates a repeating negative ramp starting at +10V decreasing to +6V since it is a 4V p-p signal riding on an
8V offset. The frequency of 50 Hz establishes the time duration of 20 ms for the segment.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-31
3. From the Waveform Settings screen, highlight segment NEG RAMP 50.0HZ 4.00 R and
press @ to insert a new segment. Use ! to modify the following settings of the new segment. For each parameter, use $ to save the setting.
Type
Period (sec)
Offset
Initial/Repeat
Level
0.002
0
Initial
When complete, press $ to save for power-up. This step changes the 2ms, 0V level to be
executed only once at the beginning of the waveform.
4. From the Waveform Settings screen, highlight segment LEVEL 0.002s 0.00 I and press @
to insert a new segment. Use ! to modify the following settings of the new segment. For
each parameter, use $ to save the setting.
Type
Period (sec)
Offset
Level
0.001
1.5
When all settings are complete, press $ to save for power-up. This step creates a 1.5V
level of 1ms prior to the 0V level. This segment is automatically set to Initial since the previous segment is set to Initial. The first two segments form a positive 2ms, pulse, delayed 1ms
from the start of execution. The pulse can be used for synchronizing an external monitoring
device.
5. From the Waveform Settings screen, highlight segment NEG RANP 50.0HZ 4.00 R and
press @ to insert a new segment. Use ! to modify the following settings for the next segment. For each parameter, use $ to save the setting.
Type
Frequency (Hz)
P to P Amplitude
Offset
Start angle
Stop angle
Initial/Repeat
Sine
25
20
0
0.0
90.0
Initial
When all settings are complete, press $ to save for power-up. This step creates another
initial segment which is the first quadrant of a 20V p-p sine wave riding on a 0V offset. It
starts at 0V and rises to 10V (1/2 of 20) over 10 ms (1/4 of 40ms period established by 25Hz
frequency). This segment simulates the initial charging of a capacitor.
6. From the Waveform Settings screen, highlight End of Segments and press @ to insert the
next segment. Use ! to modify the following settings for the next segment. For each
parameter, use $ to save the setting
Type
Frequency (Hz)
Amplitude (p-p)
Offset
Start angle
Stop angle
3-32
Sine
50
8
6
0.0
90.0
BOP HIPWR 101509
When all settings are complete, press $ to save for power-up. This step create a repeating
1/4 sine wave that starts at 6V and rises to 10V over 5 ms (1/4 of 20ms period established
by 50Hz frequency). The waveform shown in Figure 3-11 has now been saved. Note that by
careful calculation of period and start/stop angle, accurate waveform simulations can be
attained.
7. Either execute the completed waveform by pressing STANDBY (to turn the output on), then
$, or press % to return to the Saved Waveforms screen.
3.3.9.10
COPYING A WAVEFORM
After observing the precautions of PAR. 3.3.9.1, press @ from the power-up screen to enter
the Saved Waveforms screen (Figure 3-9). Highlight one of the stored waveforms, then press
$. Then highlight a waveform location designated Empty and press $ to save or % to abort
the change and exit. The copied waveform may then be modified and saved with a new name if
desired (see PAR. 3.3.9.7).
3.3.10
RESET
CAUTION: PRESSING RESET WILL CAUSE VOLTAGE TRANSIENTS TO APPEAR AT
THE OUTPUT WHICH MAY DAMAGE A CONNECTED LOAD. SWITCH IS
RECESSED TO PREVENT INADVERTENT ACTIVATION.
Pressing RESET causes the power supply to execute a complete power on sequence to reset
the power supply to the power up settings (see PAR. 3.3.7).
3.3.11
OPERATOR TESTING
The Test System submenu is entered by pressing % from the power-up screen, then highlight
Revision/Test and press !. Upon power-up all tests are flagged as Untested. Table 3-14 lists
the tests that can be run. Highlight the choice and press # to run the selected test.
3.3.12
ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATIONS
When a key press is not accepted, an error message is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Although recovery from most operator errors is obvious and simple, Table 3-13 lists all the error
messages along with associated explanations as to why they occurred.
TABLE 3-13. ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATIONS
ERROR MESSAGE
EXPLANATION
General
Multiple Decimal places not supported Decimal key was pressed while to the right of the existing decimal point.
%, highlight Max/Min Settings, press
Exceeding Maximum Allowed Value
To check maximums, go to power-up screen, press
.
Sign does not affect Protection Limits
Protection Limit field is positive or negative, numerical value does not need sign
Entry incomplete, Depress ENTER
key
When changing either the main channel or the protect channel, using the number keys, the
change must be applied to the output by pressing ENTER before moving on to change the
other channel.
Executing List
A waveform is currently executing via remote mode. Commands to change the output are
not accepted until list is stopped (send command VOLT:MODE FIXED).
BOP HIPWR 101509
!
3-33
TABLE 3-13. ERROR MESSAGE EXPLANATIONS (CONTINUED)
ERROR MESSAGE
EXPLANATION
%, highlight password
Save Disabled, Request ignored
Save Display Change is disabled. From power-up screen, press
settings to enable.
EXTERNAL MODE enabled.
MODE key does not function while Mode is being controlled externally. Press
light External Mode and change to Disable.
F2 Key not valid
F2 only works when labeled. key was probably pressed inadvertently.
Password incorrect
Enter the correct password and press
. If password has been lost and can not be
recovered, refer to PAR. 3.6.3.12.1 to reset to factory defaults.
$, high-
!
Setup Menu
F4 - Invalid
# only works when labeled. Key was probably press inadvertently.
$ only works when labeled. Key was probably press inadvertently.
Series or Parallel when not
STANDALONE
Mismatch between Unit type and Connection type. Automatically reverts to
Unit type: Standalone, Connection Type: standalone.
Calibration invalid - Multiple Unit
Consult Factory.
BITBUS option must be Disabled
Change CIIL mode to SCPI. From power-up screen press
mat, press
, highlight SCPI, press
, then press
cycle BOP off, then on.
F3 - Invalid
Master/Slave Menu
!
% highlight Interface Data For$ to save for power-up, then
$
Waveform Menu
External Reference Waveform not
accessible
Reference Input must be set to Internal for waveforms to be executed. Press
Reference Input, press
highlight Internal, press
, then
.
External Mode - Waveform not
accessible
External Mode must be disabled for waveforms to be executed. Press
nal Mode, press
highlight Disable, press
, then
.
!
$
!
$
%
%
$ highlight
$ highlight Exter-
Empty Entry - use F2 instead
$ highlight
$
%
Empty location cannot be modified using ! Press @ to start new waveform.
No Room to insert - delete a segment.
No more than 10 segments are allowed in a waveform.
External Limits - Waveform not
accessible
Protection Limit must be set to Internal for waveforms to be executed. Press
Protection Limit, press
highlight Internal, press
, then
.
!
Unable to delete segment.
Try again. If still unable to delete segment, contact factory. for RMA.
Only EDIT allowed on Entry.
When viewing waveform, if name, count or protection levels are highlighted, press
modify the setting.
and
are not functional with these parameters.
MODE incorrect - Please Change
A voltage waveform was executed while the unit was in current mode or a current
waveform was executed while the unit was in voltage mode. Press MODE key to change to
correct mode, press STANDBY key to set output on then press
to run the waveform
@
!
! to
$
Unit in STANDBY - Please Change
Output must be on for the waveform to be executed. press STANDBY key to set output on
then press
to run the waveform
Can not delete Single Segment - use
F1 to Change
Waveform must have at least one segment.
Can not delete the empty segment.
“End of Segments” was highlighted when
segment and try again.
$
# - Erase was pressed. Move highlight to valid
Entry not Empty, Use F1 to change.
@ pressed while a previously saved waveform was highlighted. Use ! to modify or
highlight Empty and press @ for a new waveform.
Under Minimum allowed value
Frequency or period was too small.
Frequency has no sign
+/- key is not functional when modifying frequency.
Use F5 to stop waveform.
$ not valid when waveform already executing.
3.4
ANALOG REMOTE MODE PROGRAMMING
The BOP can be programmed remotely using analog signals applied to the remote Analog I/O
port at the rear panel (see Figure 2-1 and Table 2-10). Analog remote programming allows the
user to 1) establish voltage or current mode (PAR. 3.4.2), 2) control the main channel using the
3-34
BOP HIPWR 101509
BOP as a power amplifier (PAR. 3.4.3) and 3) establish the protection limits (PAR. 3.4.4). An
output signal proportional to output current is also provided for external use (PAR. 3.4.5).
3.4.1
REMOTE OUTPUT OFF
There are two ways two turn off the output using remote signals: (1) Remote Shutdown which
requires the unit to be turned off, then on in order to restore operation and (2) Remote Standby
which sets the output to OFF, putting the unit in STANDBY status.
3.4.1.1
REMOTE SHUTDOWN
A standalone unit can be shut down using a remote signal applied to the PROTECTION EXT.
PORT as shown in Figure 3-12 or 3-13. A multiple unit configuration (parallel, series or seriesparallel) can be disabled by applying a remote signal to the master PAR/SER PROTECTION
PORT as shown in Figure 3-12 or 3-14. When the signal is momentarily active (minimum 100
microseconds), power transfer between input and output is stopped (both input and output internal modules are shut off). This condition is latched and requires the unit to be turned off, then on
again to restore normal operation.
FIGURE 3-12.
REMOTE SHUTDOWN USING EXTERNAL POWER, STANDALONE OR MULTIPLE UNITS
FIGURE 3-13.
BOP HIPWR 101509
REMOTE SHUTDOWN USING INTERNAL POWER, STANDALONE UNITS
3-35
FIGURE 3-14.
3.4.1.2
REMOTE SHUTDOWN USING INTERNAL POWER, MULTIPLE UNITS,
REMOTE STANDBY
A standalone unit or a multiple unit configuration (parallel, series or series-parallel) can be set to
STANDBY status by applying a remote signal to the TRIGGER PORT as shown in Figure 3-15.
For multiple unit configurations this signal must be applied to the master. When the signal is
momentarily active (short or logic 0 for a minimum of 100 microseconds), the output is set to
OFF after a maximum delay of 200 milliseconds and the STANDBY indicator goes on. Depressing the STANDBY key or sending the OUTP ON command via the remote interface restores the
unit to the previous state and the STANDBY indicator goes off.
FIGURE 3-15.
3.4.2
REMOTE STANDBY, STANDALONE OR MULTIPLE UNITS
VOLTAGE/CURRENT MODE CONTROL
The mode of operation, voltage or current, can be programmed externally by applying a signal
at pin 2, referenced to pin 9, of the Analog I/O port. Applying a TTL logic 1 (or open circuit) programs the unit to voltage mode. Applying a TTL logic 0 (or short) programs the unit to current
mode.
To be functional this feature must first be configured from the front panel. From the power-up
screen press $ to enter the Analog Remote Setup menu (see Table 3-15). Highlight External
Mode, then press !, highlight Enable and press $. Press % to apply the changes (without
saving for power-up) and exit to the power-up screen or # to abort. The Save/Recall feature
(PAR. 3.3.8) can also be used to restore this setting upon power-up.
3-36
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.4.3
CONTROLLING THE OUTPUT USING THE BOP AS A POWER AMPLIFIER
The BOP can function as a power amplifier by means of the External Reference input at the
Analog I/O port. This analog signal controls the main channel of the BOP. To use the BOP as a
power amplifier see the following instructions for using the external reference: PAR. 3.4.3.1 for
fixed gain, PAR. 3.4.3.2 for variable gain by establishing the maximum full scale output.
TABLE 3-14. REVISIONS/TEST MENU
SETTING
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
MAXIMUM OUTPUT
VOLTAGE XX
CURRENT YY
(Cannot be highlighted)
XX.0
YY.0
Displays rated output voltage and current of power supply. including all slaves
connected in parallel or series.
DISPLAY
Status (see NOTE below)
Automatic test, reports status messages (see NOTE below).
KEYPAD
Status (see NOTE below)
Requires depressing keys indicated on LCD.
This test requires pressing every key on the keypad, plus moving the
ADJUST control clockwise and counterclockwise, with the ADJUST control
depressed and released. As the keys and control function pass the tests, the
corresponding function on the LCD is highlighted. When the last test is successful, the LCD displays “passed.” The test must be completed within two
minutes, otherwise a “Failed” indication is displayed.
INTERFACE
Status (see NOTE below)
Automatic test, reports status messages (see NOTE below).
SERIAL
Status (see NOTE below)
Automatic test of serial port - requires installation of loop back test connector.
(see PAR. 3.5.6.4). Reports status messages (see NOTE below).
ANALOG
Status (see NOTE below)
Automatic test which does not affect unit output. Reports status messages
(see NOTE below).
OUTPUT
Status (see NOTE below)
CAUTION: DISCONNECT LOAD BEFORE RUNNING THIS TEST. Output is
automatically programmed to +EOnom for ~800 msec, then –EOnom for ~800
msec, then to 0V. Reports status messages (see NOTE below).
DISPLAY
INTERFACE
ANALOG
(Cannot be highlighted)
x.xx
y.yy
z.zz
Displays current firmware revision for display, interface and analog processors.
FUNCTION
TEST
REVISIONS
NOTE: Test status is as follows:
UNTESTED
Initial status when first entering menu.
TESTING
Test is running.
PASSED
Test was successful.
FAILED
Test failed.
FAIL EXT
SERIAL test failed - verify loop back connector installed (see PAR. 3.5.6.4).
3.4.3.1
FIXED GAIN USING EXTERNAL REFERENCE CONTROL
The main channel of the BOP, voltage in voltage mode, and current in current mode, can be
controlled by an external reference voltage, 0 to ±10V applied at pin 11, referenced to pin 10, of
the Analog I/O port. The input impedance for this signal is 20K ohms. This feature is enabled as
follows:
1. From the power-up screen, press $, highlight Reference Input and press !. Highlight
External and press $ to save. Then press % to apply the changes (without saving for
power-up) and exit. NOTE: This setting can be saved for power-up only by using the password-protected Power-up Settings menu (see {PAR. 3.3.7), otherwise internal references
are used for both main and protection channels upon power-up.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-37
2. To return to digital or local control, from the power-up screen press $, then highlight Reference Input and press !. Highlight Internal and press $ to save. Then press % to apply
the change and exit.
TABLE 3-15. ANALOG REMOTE SETUP MENU
SETTING
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
REFERENCE INPUT
PIN 11
(referenced to pin 4)
INTERNAL
EXTERNAL
EXTL REF LVL
INTERNAL: Any external reference applied to the Analog I/O port pin 11 is
ignored and the output is controlled using either the local front panel keypad
(see PAR. 3.3.2) or remote SCPI commands (see Appendix B).
EXTERNAL: The external reference applied to Analog I/O port pin 11 is used to
control the output (see PAR. 3.4.3.1). The internal reference is ignored.
EXTL REF LVL: Allows the gain of the BOP to be established by the maximum
output voltage or current introduced in the main channel field. (see PAR.
3.4.3.2).
PROTECTION LIMIT
PINS 5, 6, 13, 14
(referenced to pin 12)
INTERNAL
EXTERNAL
LESSER LIMIT
INTERNAL - Allows the limits to be controlled by digital signals from either the
keypad (local, see PAR. 3.3.2) or SCPI command (remote, see Appendix B).
EXTERNAL: Allows the limits to be controlled by analog signals applied to the
analog port; limits set from the keypad or SCPI command have no effect (see
PAR. 3.4.4).
LESSER LIMIT: Allows protect limit to be automatically selected from either 1)
the external analog voltage applied to the Analog I/O port or 2) the value set
from the keypad or SCPI command). Whichever limit has a lower absolute
value (closest to zero) has effect .
EXTERNAL MODE
PIN 2
(referenced to pin 9)
DISABLE
ENABLE
DISABLE - Allows the main channel (voltage or current) to be selected by
either the front panel MODE key or SCPI command. The condition of pin 2 of
the Analog I/O port is ignored (see PAR. 3.3.2).
ENABLE - The front panel MODE key and SCPI commands are prevented
from affecting the active channel. Mode is determined by pin 2 of the Analog
I/O port (see PAR. 3.4.2). This function cannot be saved for power-up.
FUNCTION
NOTE: Power-up state for Reference Input and Protection Limit are established by Power-up Settings Menu (PAR. 3.3.7) under
General Setup Menu (Figure 3-6).
NOTE: Each time the Reference Input setting is changed, the unit generates an internal *RST
reset command (see PAR. A.11) which requires the BOP output and/or protection limits
to be reprogrammed.
When the external reference is used, the BOP functions as a power amplifier, amplifying the
external reference at pin 11 to produce the output.
The nominal (inherent) voltage gain of each model is calculated by (GNOM-V) = EOnom / EREF.
and nominal (inherent) current gain is (GNOM-I) = IOnom / EREF. Thus the nominal gain is the ratio
between the nominal (rated) voltage or current (EOnom or IOnom), and the external reference
(EREF) used to produce that output.
So for an external reference of ±10V, the nominal voltage gain (GNOM-V) = ENOM-V/10, e.g., the
voltage gain of a BOP 36-28MG is 36/10 = 3.6. The nominal current gain (GNOM-I) is INOM-V/10,
e.g., the current gain of a BOP 36-28MG is 28/10 = 2.8.
The external reference voltage may be d-c, a-c, or a combination of a-c plus d-c. The maximum
frequency of an a-c signal should be below the inherent frequency response of the BOP (2KHz
for voltage, 800Hz for current (see Table 1-2). For parallel or series combinations, the frequency
response is reduced as specified in the instruction manual included with the cable kit. A frequency that exceeds the bandwidth of the BOP will cause the output to be distorted.
3-38
BOP HIPWR 101509
For linear response (input vs. output) the software limit (see 3.3.4.1) should be set to nominal
and the maximum peak value (d-c plus a-c) of the reference signal must not exceed ±10V. If the
input signal exceeds the limit value (either ±10V if the software limit is set to nominal, or a lesser
voltage for a user-determined software limit) clipping of the output voltage or current to the limit
will occur.
NOTE: If the system limits have been modified (PAR. 3.3.4), the output of the power supply will
never exceed the modified system limits. E.g, for a BOP 36-28MG, if the system voltage limit is modified to ±18V, applying a positive analog voltage to pin 11 that starts at
zero and rises to +10V causes the output to rise from zero and reach +18V when the
external reference reaches +5V. The output stays at +18V while the reference
increases from +5V to +10V since the system voltage limits for this example are ±18V.
3.4.3.2
VARIABLE GAIN USING EXTERNAL REFERENCE LEVEL
The BOP can function as a variable gain power amplifier similar to the fixed (inherent or nominal) gain amplifier as described in PAR. 3.4.3.1. The user can determine a new (lower) full scale
output value for the ±10V reference level (applied at pin 11, referenced to pin 10, of the Analog
I/O port) by configuring the Reference input as follows:
1. From the power-up screen press $ and highlight Reference Input. Press !, highlight
ExtlRefLvl and press $. Then press % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up)
and exit.
2. To return to digital or local control, from the power-up screen, press $, then highlight Reference Input and press !. Highlight Internal and press $ to save. Then press % to
apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
NOTE: Each time the Reference Input setting is changed, the unit generates an internal *RST
reset command (see PAR. A.11) which requires the BOP output and/or protection limits
to be reprogrammed.
For an external reference of ±10V, the nominal voltage gain (GNOM-V) of a BOP 36-28MG is
36/10 = 3.6. If the new full scale voltage for 10V is set to 29V, the voltage gain is changed from
3.6 to 29/10 = 2.9. The gain can be changed from the front panel, but the output is controlled by
the external reference signal and can not be changed from the front panel.
New Gain = New Full scale set at front panel / External reference that produces Full scale output. This means that the External reference voltage, from +10V to –10V, can control the full
scale output voltage from +29V to –29V. The gain range is between zero and the nominal gain
of each model.
Once the feature is configured, the new full scale value is entered by changing the active setting
value of the main channel. This determines the full scale output to be produced by a 10V external reference.
The gain in voltage mode is GV = VSET/10 where VSET is the desired full scale voltage (in Volts)
entered at the front panel.
The gain in current mode is GA = ISET/10 where ISET is the desired full scale current (in
Amperes) entered at the front panel.
NOTE: If the system limits have been modified (PAR. 3.3.4), the output of the power supply will
never exceed the modified system limits.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-39
3.4.4
EXTERNAL PROTECTION LIMITS
When PROTECTION LIMIT on the Reference Menu is set to EXTERNAL, the protect limits are
determined by four analog signals referenced to Ground (pin 12) which are applied to the Analog I/O Port (see PAR. 3.4.4).
To be functional this feature must first be configured from the front panel. From the power-up
screen press $, and highlight Protection Limit. Press ! to modify, then highlight External and
press $ to save. Then press % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
Only two signals are active, affecting the complementary protect channel, ±current protect limit
for voltage mode and ±voltage protect limit for current mode. A voltage between +1V and +10V
at the following pins (referenced to Ground, pin 12) will control the corresponding protection
parameter between 10% of the nominal value (see Figure 1-3) and the corresponding positive
or negative nominal full scale value.
•
–I_LIM_EXT (pin 5) - This +1V to +10V analog signal sets the negative current protect
limit from 10% of the nominal value to –full scale current. +10V corresponds to rated
minimum (maximum negative) current (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, +10V sets negative current limit to –28A).
•
–V_LIM_EXT (pin 6) - This +1V to +10V analog signal sets the negative voltage protect
limit from 10% of the nominal value to –full scale voltage. +10V corresponds to rated
minimum (maximum negative) voltage (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, +10V sets negative voltage limit to –36V).
•
+I_LIM_EXT (pin 13) - This +1V to +10V analog signal sets the positive current protect
limit from 10% of the nominal value to full scale current. +10V corresponds to rated maximum current (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, +10V sets positive current limit to +28A).
•
+V_LIM_EXT (pin 14) - This +1V to +10V analog signal sets the positive voltage protect
limit from 10% of the nominal value to full scale voltage. +10V corresponds to rated maximum voltage (e.g., for BOP 36-28MG, +10V sets positive voltage limit to +36V).
The maximum frequency of an a-c signal used for the external protection limit must be at least
100 times lower that the sampling rate of the external signal (100Hz), resulting in a bandwidth of
1Hz.
The external programming circuit must be able to sink 0.15mA maximum provided by the BOP.
When the input is an open circuit, the corresponding input signal automatically goes to 20%
above the nominal protection limit.
NOTE: Each time Protection Limit setting is changed, the unit generates an internal *RST
reset command (see PAR. A.11) requiring the BOP output to be reprogrammed.
3.4.4.1
USING BOTH LOCAL/DIGITAL AND EXTERNAL PROTECTION LIMITS
When PROTECTION LIMIT on the Reference Menu is set to Lesser Limit, the protect limits are
automatically selected from either 1) the external analog voltage applied to the Analog I/O port
(see PAR. 3.4.4) or 2) the value set from the keypad or SCPI command. Whichever limit has a
lower absolute value (closest to zero) has effect.
To be functional this feature must first be configured from the front panel. From the power-up
screen press $, and highlight Protection Limit. Press ! to modify, then highlight Lesser Limit
and press $ to save. Then press % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and
exit. NOTE: Each time Protection Limit setting is changed, the unit generates an internal *RST
reset command (see PAR. A.11) requiring the BOP output to be reprogrammed.
3-40
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.4.5
MONITORING OUTPUT CURRENT USING AN ANALOG SIGNAL
The BOP provides an output analog signal, 0 to ±10V, that is proportional to the output current
which is always available. For the master of a parallel or series configuration this signal is proportional to the output current of the parallel or series combination. This signal is available at pin
3, referenced to pin 10, of the Analog I/O port. To protect the BOP circuitry this signal is provided
via a series 2K ohm resistor, thus requiring a high impedance monitoring device or instrument.
3.5
DIGITAL REMOTE MODE PROGRAMMING
BOP models may be digitally programmed over a control bus using SCPI (Standard Commands
for Programmable Instruments). SCPI provides a common language conforming to IEEE 488.2
for instruments used in an automatic test system (see PAR. 3.6). The control bus used must be
either the IEEE 488 standard communication bus (General Purpose Interface Bus, GPIB), or the
RS 232C Serial Bus.
Refer to Table 2-11 for input/output signal allocations for communication via the GPIB, Table 2-5
for RS 232, and Table 2-2 for the BITBUS. All power supply functions available from the keypad
can be programmed via remote SCPI commands. In addition, some features that are not available from the keypad may be implemented using remote commands (see PAR. 3.5.1).
This section includes a discussion of GPIB bus protocols (PAR. 3.5), instructions for changing
the GPIB address (PAR. 3.5.3.1.1), a discussion of the VISA (Virtual Instrumentation Software
Architecture) driver supplied with the unit (PAR. 3.5.5), RS 232C Operation (PAR. 3.5.6), followed by a detailed explanation of SCPI programming (PAR. 3.6).
3.5.1
OPERATING FEATURES AVAILABLE ONLY BY REMOTE COMMANDS
The following paragraphs describe features of the BOP that are not available from the front
panel, but can be implemented using remote commands.
3.5.1.1
EXPANDED WAVEFORMS AND PROGRAMS
Refer to the documentation supplied with the VISA driver included with the BOP for more
detailed information regarding waveforms and programs, including examples of how to create a
table to load the variables.
3.5.2
PROGRAMMING TECHNIQUES TO OPTIMIZE PERFORMANCE
3.5.2.1
PROGRAMMING VOLTAGE/CURRENT LIMIT AND CURRENT/VOLTAGE LIMIT
Kepco's auto-crossover digital supplies can operate in either voltage mode with current limit, or
current mode with voltage limit. The operating mode is determined by the voltage and current
commands received, as well as the load. Each time voltage and current commands are
received, the unit must evaluate the commands and the load conditions to determine the necessary operating mode. Reducing the number of times this evaluation must be made is desirable
because Kepco's digital auto-crossover supplies employ two separate feedback loops. Each
time there is a potential mode change, there is always an uncontrolled period of a few milliseconds while the two feedback loops compete for control of the output. By changing only the
active parameter (e.g., voltage for voltage mode), there is no doubt as to what the operating
mode will be, so the unit is never uncontrolled, response is quick and no transients are possible.
Recommended programming techniques are:
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-41
1. Minimize programmed mode (voltage or current) changes. Unless absolutely required by the
test parameters, allow the power supply to automatically switch modes as determined by the
load. This will improve response time and reduce undesirable transients.
2. Once the mode (voltage or current) is programmed, program the active parameter to zero
and the complementary limit parameter to the maximum anticipated for application. Then
program only the active parameter. The active parameter is the parameter that controls the
output, e.g., voltage controls the output in voltage mode.
3. Never program both the active and complementary limit parameter to zero. This can result in
long response times. Set the active parameter to zero and the complementary limit parameter to a minimum, e.g., 10% of maximum, to ensure that the active mode is defined.
3.5.2.2
MAKING SURE THE PREVIOUS COMMAND IS COMPLETE
Some SCPI commands require a flash memory update and can take an indeterminate amount
of time to complete. These commands are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
*SAV
MEM:PACK
MEM:UPD
CAL:COPY
CAL:SAVE
SYST:PASS:NEW
SYST:SEC:IMM
When sending these commands via the GPIB, these commands require a query to be added to
the command string to verify the previous command is complete. When the command is complete, the unit updates the status byte and indicates MAV (Message Available, bit 4 - see Table
A-3) is true. MAV indicates that there is a response to be received by the computer, so when it
becomes set, the unit is ready for its next command after reading back the data from the query
that was added to the command string.
When sending the above commands via the RS 232 bus, data flow control must be enabled
(XON) for the unit to properly update flash memory.
The *OPC? query is ideal to check if the previous command is complete since it returns either a
1 or 0. It is important that it be sent as a part of the same string as the command that causes a
flash update. As an example, sending CAL:SAVE 12/31/2005;:*opc? or *opc?;:CAL:SAVE
12/31/2005 are valid command strings. Sensing the commands separately will not verify that the
previous command is complete. Figure 3-16 is a program written in C, incorporating these techniques.
Failure to provide an adequate delay can result in:
• Commands that are not processed,
• The following command may be received in error, causing an error in the transmission,
• Unit lock-up requiring power cycling of the unit. If working via the GPIB bus, sending
Interface Clear and Device Clear followed by *RST will unlock the unit.
3-42
BOP HIPWR 101509
#include
#include
#include
#include
<formatio.h>
<utility.h>
<gpib.h>
<ansi_c.h>
/*Overhead for the use of a NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS gpib interface */
int unit_desc;
// handle for the national instruments controller
int GPIbus=0;
// GPIB card 0
int adr=6;
// Power Supply address
char status_byte;
// status byte from the power supply
#define MAV 0x10 /* bit 4 of the status byte is the Message AVailable bit by 488.2 specification */
/* Function
Send_with_wait
INPUT: string to be sent to power supply
Description: adds the *OPC? query and performs serial polls to wait for the command to be completed.
*/
int Send_with_wait(char *command);
char snd[501];
char rcv [10];
int j;
sprintf(snd,”%s;:*OPC?,command);
Send(GPIbus, adr, snd, strlen(snd), 2);
for (j=0;j<500;j++)(
Delay(.05);
ibrsp(unit_desc,&status_byte);
if ((status_byte& 0x10) ==0x10) break;)
Receive (GPIbus, adr, rev, rev_buf_size,10);
}
// data to be sent to the power supply
// data from power supply
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
Add *OPC? to the command
so there is a response from the
power supply
Send the data to the power supply
loop until ready (5 seconds max)
Wait for command to complete
get status byte
by looking for data in string
so the error queue will not receive a 410 error
main(
// test code to show operation of function.
unit_desc=ibdev(GPIbus,adr,adr/256,T100ms,1,0x40a);Delay(.005);
Send (GPIbus,adr,”VOLT 10;curr .01”,sizeof(“VOLT 10;curr .01”),NLEND;
Send_with_wait(“*SAV 10”);
}
FIGURE 3-16.
3.5.3
PROGRAMMING EXAMPLE TO VERIFY PREVIOUS COMMAND HAS COMPLETED
REMOTE MODE SETUP
When either of the two interface ports are in use, PAR’s 3.5.3.1 (GPIB), 3.5.3.2 and (RS 232)
describe how to configure the port to meet the user’s requirements.
The BOP can be substituted for a standard BOP that is currently being used with one of Kepco’s
BIT cards, however there are differences in operation (see PAR. 3.5.3.4 and 3.5.3.5.
The SYSTem:SET and SYSTem:LANGuage commands can be used to configure the BOP to
operate in a manner similar to earlier models of Kepco’s 100W, 200W and 400W BOP power
supplies.
3.5.3.1
GPIB PORT SETUP
The following paragraphs describe the how to configure the GPIB port.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-43
3.5.3.1.1 CHANGING THE GPIB ADDRESS
The default address is 6. To change the GPIB address press % from the power-up screen,
then press ! to enter the Interface menu (see Table 3-16) Highlight GPIB Address and press
!, then use the number keys to enter the desired address and press $ to save. Press $ to
save for power-up or % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
TABLE 3-16. INTERFACE SETTINGS MENU
SETTING
CHOICES
(BOLD = Factory Default)
FUNCTION
Interface
Data Format
SCPI
CIIL
SCPI (Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments) - see PAR.
3.6. and Appendix B.
CIIL - Provides compatibility with early Kepco power supplies and controllers.
GPIB Address
0 - 30 (06)
Assigns address used by external GPIB controller to communicate with
BOP.
OFF
ON
OFF - Sending *RST causes output to go off (per IEEE 488.2 specifications) (see PAR. 3.5.3.1.3 for details).
ON - Sending *RST causes output to go on (see PAR. 3.5.3.1.3 for
details).
Device Clear
SCPI
MATE
SCPI - sending Device Clear (DCL) or selected DCL has no effect on
output voltage and current per IEEE specification 488.2.
MATE - When device clear is received, the power supply output is set to
zero volts.
Serial Baud Rate
OFF
9600
19200
Selects RS 232 serial port baud rate.
*RST set Output
Xon/xoff
ENABLE
DISABLE
ENABLE - Allows BOP to control when data is received (see PAR.
3.5.6.2.1).
DISABLE - Disables XON/XOFF. If both Serial XON/XOFF and Prompt
functions are disabled, Echo mode is the default (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2).
Prompt
DISABLE
ENABLE
ENAB+ECHO
ENABLE - Enables Serial Prompt (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.3).
DISABLE - Disables Prompt. If both Serial XON/XOFF and Prompt
functions are disabled, Echo mode is set (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2).
ENAB+ECHO - Enables Serial Prompt (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.3) and Echo
(see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2) modes. Prompt is returned when the unit is ready
and any received characters are echoed back to the sender.
%
!
NOTE: To restore all interface settings defaults, press
from the power-up screen, highlight Interface Settings, press
, then
press
to restore defaults shown above in BOLD. Press
to save for power-up or
to apply the changes
(without saving for power-up) and exit.
@
$
%
3.5.3.1.2 CONFIGURE DEVICE CLEAR (DCL) CONTROL
The device clear (DCL) and selected device clear can be set to operate in two modes. In the
MATE mode, when the device clear is received, the output of the power supply is set to zero
volts. In the SCPI mode sending DCL or selected DCL has no effect on output voltage and current as required by IEEE specification 488.2. The factory default value is SCPI mode.
To change the Device Clear configuration press % from the power-up screen, then press ! to
enter the Interface menu (see Table 3-16) Highlight Device Clear and press !, then highlight
SCPI or MATE and press $ to save. Press $ to save for power-up or % to apply the
changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
3-44
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.5.3.1.3 DETERMINING WHETHER *RST COMMAND SETS THE OUTPUT OFF OR ON
The user can control whether the *RST command (see PAR. A.11) sets the output on or off.
Table 3-17 describes how the unit operates depending on how *RST set Output is configured, and the load type selected.
From the power-up screen press %, and note whether “*RST set Output” setting is as
desired. To modify highlight Interface Settings (see Table 3-16) and press !, then highlight On
or Off and press ! to save. Press $ to save for power-up or % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
TABLE 3-17. OPERATION OF #RST COMMAND
BOP Status After *RST Issued
Load type when *RST
Issued (see NOTE)
•
•
•
Active or Resistive Load
(see PAR. 3.3.6)
Battery Load (see PAR.
3.3.6)
Internal
Front Panel Display
•
Voltage mode
•
LCD shows mode is Voltage, Source
•
Main Channel reference set to 0.0V
•
Vset set to 0.0V
•
Current protect set to 5% of IOnom
•
±CProt set to minimum (box) values
•
Voltage protect set to 5% above EOnom
•
If *RST set to OFF, output is disabled
•
If *RST set to ON, output is enabled
•
If *RST set to ON, unit is set to Voltage Mode
•
LCD shows mode is Voltage, Source
•
If *RST set to OFF unit is set to Current Mode
•
Vset set to 0.0V
•
Main Channel reference set to 0.0A
•
±CProt: minimum (box) values
•
Current protect set to 5% of IOnom
•
If *RST set to OFF, output is disabled
•
Voltage protect set to 5% above EOnom
•
If *RST set to ON, output is enabled
NOTE: Prior to issuing *RST unit may be operating in either voltage mode or current mode.
3.5.3.2
RS 232 SERIAL PORT SETUP
Paragraphs 3.5.3.2.1 through 3.5.3.2.3 below describe the setup required for the BOP to communicate via the RS 232C Serial bus using SCPI commands.
3.5.3.2.1 SELECT BAUD RATE
To change the Baud Rate configuration press % from the power-up screen, then press ! to
enter the Interface menu (see Table 3-16). Highlight Baud Rate and press !, then highlight the
Off (to disable the serial port), 9600 or 19,200 and press $ to save. Press $ to save for
power-up or % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit.
3.5.3.2.2 CONFIGURE XON/XOFF PROTOCOL
From the power-up screen press %, then press ! to enter the Interface menu (see Table 316), highlight SERIAL XON/XOFF and press !. Highlight the desired option and press $ to
save, then press $ to save for power-up or % to apply the changes (without saving for
power-up) and exit.
Enable - Allows BOP to control when data is received (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.1 for a description of
Xon/Xoff protocol).
Disable - Disables XON/XOFF. If both Serial XON/XOFF and Prompt functions are disabled,
Echo mode is set (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2 for a description of echo mode).
3.5.3.2.3 CONFIGURE PROMPT MODE
From the power-up screen press %, then press ! to enter the Interface menu (see Table 316). Highlight Serial Prompt and press !, highlight the desired option and press $ to save,
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-45
then press % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up) and exit, or press $ to save
for power-up (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.3 for a description of prompt mode).
Enable - Enables Serial Prompt (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.3 for a description of prompt mode).
Disable - Disables Prompt. If both Serial XON/XOFF and Prompt functions are disabled, Echo
mode is the default (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2 for a description of Xon/Xoff mode).
Enab+echo - Enables Serial Prompt (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.3) and Echo (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2)
modes. Prompt is returned when the unit is ready and any received characters are echoed back
to the sender.
3.5.3.3
ESTABLISH COMMUNICATION LANGUAGE
Communication via GPIB port can be executed using either SCPI or CIIL protocols. From the
power-up screen press %, highlight Interface Settings and press ! to enter the Interface
menu (see Table 3-16). To change the setting, highlight Data Format, press !, highlight SCPI
or CIIL and press $ to save, then press % to apply the changes (without saving for power-up)
and exit, or press $ to save for power-up.
3.5.3.4
BIT 4882 COMPATIBILITY.
The BOP 1KW is not directly compatible with the older BOP models using a BIT 4882 for remote
control, as there are differences in behavior between the two: In response to the command line:
outp off;:volt 10 the BIT 4882 would set the output to 10 volts, while the BOP 1KW will
remain in the output OFF state until OUTP On is sent. The closest approximation to using the
BOP 1KW to mimic the BOP/BIT 4882 is to use OUTP:CONT ON and SYST:SET CM0 commands to configure the unit. The BOP 1KW response to the command line outp off;:volt
10 would then be to set the output to OFF for 100 milliseconds, then return to the ON.
3.5.3.5
BIT 4886 COMPATIBILITY
Althought the SYST:SET command can be used to configure the BOP 1KW the same way the
BIT 4886 is configured, the BOP 1KW is not directly compatible with the older BOP models
using a BIT 4886 for remote control. There are differences in behavior between the two in handling LIST commands, status reporting and trigger operation as described below.
3.5.3.5.1 LIST COMMAND DIFFERENCES IN BIT 4886
The LIST commands of the older BOP/BIT 4886 are the same as the BOP 1K except as follows:
•
LIST:DWELL - The BOP/BIT 4886 range is from 0.0005 to 5.0 seconds while the BOP
1KW range is from 0.000091 to 0.034 seconds. The BOP 1KW is faster but has less
range than the BOP/BIT 4886.
•
LIST:CLEAR sets the LIST:COUNT to 0 in the BOP 1KW but LIST:COUNT is set to 1 in
the BOP/BIT 4886.
•
The BOP 1KW has additional LIST commands not found in the BOP/BIT 4886.
3.5.3.5.2 STATUS REPORTING DIFFERENCES IN BIT 4886
The status register responses from the BOP 1KW and the BOP BIT/4886 are very different. If
these commands are used, then changes will be required in the user’s program. Commands
affected are: SYST:OPER, SYST:QUES, *ESR and *STB.
3-46
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.5.3.5.3 TRIGGER OPERATION DIFFERENCES IN BIT 4886
The BOP/BIT 4886 only supports *TRG while the BOP 1KW support TRIGGER:SOURCE
EXTERNAL, BUS and IMMEDIATE. The command TRIG:SOUR BUS must be sent before using
trigger in the BOP 1KW.
3.5.4
IEEE 488 (GPIB) BUS PROTOCOL
Table 3-18 defines the interface capabilities of the BOP power supply (Talker/Listener) relative
to the IEEE 488 (GPIB) bus (reference document ANSI/IEEE Std 488: IEEE Standard Digital Interface for Programmable Instrumentation) communicating with a Host Computer—Controller
(Talker/Listener). Tables 3-19 and 3-20 define the messages sent by the BOP, or received by the
BOP, via the IEEE 488 bus in IEEE 488 command mode and IEEE 488 data mode, respectively.
These messages are enabled during the “handshake” cycle, with the BOP power supply operating as either a Talker or a Listener. (See PAR. 3.5.3.1 to change the GPIB address.
TABLE 3-18. IEEE 488 (GPIB) BUS INTERFACE FUNCTIONS
FUNCTION
SUBSET
SYMBOL
Source Handshake
SH1
Complete Capability (Interface can receive multiline messages)
Acceptor Handshake
AH1
Complete Capability (Interface can receive multiline messages)
Talker
T6
Basic talker, serial poll, unaddress if MLA (My Listen Address) (one-byte address)
Listener
L4
Basic listener, unaddress if MTA (My Talk Address) (one-byte address).
Service Request
SR1
Complete Capability. The interface sets the SRQ line true if there is an enabled service request condition.
Remote/Local
RL1
Complete capability. Interface selects either local or remote information. In local
mode the BOP executes front panel commands, but can be set to remote mode via
IEEE 488 bus. When in Remote mode all front panel keys are disabled except
LOCAL function key. LOCAL function key can be disabled using keypad lockout
command (see Appendix B, PAR. B.133) so that only the controller or a power on
condition can restore Local mode.
Parallel Poll
PP0
No Capability
Device Clear
DC1
Complete Capability. BOP accepts DCL (Device Clear) and SDC (Selected Device
Clear).
Device Trigger
DT1
Respond to *TRG and <GET> trigger functions.
Controller
C0
COMMENTS
No Capability
TABLE 3-19. IEEE 488 (GPIB) BUS COMMAND MODE MESSAGES
MNEMONIC
BOP HIPWR 101509
MESSAGE
DESCRIPTION
COMMENTS
ATN
Attention
Received
DAC
Data accepted
Received or Sent
DAV
Data Valid
Received or Sent
DCL
Device Clear
Received (see PAR. 3.5.3.1.2)
IFC
Interface Clear
Received
3-47
TABLE 3-19. IEEE 488 (GPIB) BUS COMMAND MODE MESSAGES (CONTINUED)
MESSAGE
DESCRIPTION
MNEMONIC
COMMENTS
MLA
My Listen Address
Received
MTA
My Talk Address
Received
OTA
Other Talk Address
Received
RFD
Ready for Data
Received or Sent
SDC
Selected Device Clear
Received
SPD
Serial Poll Disable
Received
SPE
Serial Poll Enable
Received
SRQ
Service Request
Sent
UNL
Unlisten
Received
UNT
Untalk
Received
TABLE 3-20. IEEE 488 (GPIB) BUS DATA MODE MESSAGES
MNEMONIC
3.5.5
MESSAGE DESCRIPTION
COMMENTS
DAB
Data Byte
Received or Sent
END
End
Received or Sent
EOS
End of String
Received or Sent
RQS
Request Service
Sent
STB
Status Byte
Sent
BOP VISA INSTRUMENT DRIVER
The VISA instrument driver for the BOP power supply, available for download at www.kepcopower.com/drivers.htm, simplifies programming with a VISA compatible GPIB controller.
Included are:
•
source code (C) for all VISA functions (kp_bophi.c)
•
a complete programming reference manual (kp_bophi.doc)
•
a sample application of the VISA functions (written in C) which can be used to program
one or more BOP power supplies using a virtual front panel observed on a computer monitor (kp_appl.c)
Although the software drivers supplied by Kepco are VISA compliant, they also require the
installation of the proper VISA driver from your GPIB card supplier. Many vendors supply this
software with the hardware; National Instruments (http://www.natinst.com) has the driver for
their cards available on the internet at a file transfer site (ftp://ftp.natinst.com — find the folder
for support and VISA drivers).
3-48
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.5.6
RS232-C OPERATION
The BOP may be operated via an RS232-C terminal, or from a PC using a terminal emulation
program. The default settings are as follows:
•
Baud rate:
OFF
•
Parity:
None
•
Data Bits
8
•
Stop Bits
1
•
Prompt
DISABLE
•
XON/XOFF
ENABLE
To change baud rate, or select prompt, echo or XON/XOFF, refer to PAR. 3.5.3.2 and Table 316.
3.5.6.1
SERIAL INTERFACE
The serial interface behaves like the GPIB interface in that the command is parsed after receiving a control character of either a Line Feed or Carriage Return. The serial interface supports six
special control characters. The six special control characters are:
3.5.6.2
Escape (1BH)
Causes the input buffer to be cleared. This character is used to ensure
that the buffer is empty when the host powers on since it is possible
that the BOP was previously powered on and received some characters prior to the initialization of the host computer.
Backspace (08H)
Causes the last character in the input buffer to be removed from the
input buffer queue.
Carriage Return (0DH)
Causes the input buffer to be parsed by the BOP.
Line Feed (0AH)
Causes the input buffer to be parsed by the BOP.
RS 232 IMPLEMENTATION
The following paragraphs are provided to help the user understand how the RS 232 serial interface is implemented in the BOP. Since the RS 232 protocol does not use a parity bit, The
XON/XOFF method of communication is selected as the default to ensure “handshake” control
of serial communication.
The echo mode is an optional method used to ensure reliable communication between the command originator (computer) and the BOP power supply, thus avoiding a more complex “handshake” protocol. When the BOP is in the RS 232 echo mode it returns all data sent to the host
controller.
The BOP provides an additional option that allow handshake communication: the Prompt
method. By using the handshake options (prompt and XON XOFF) the host controller can
ensure that serial data interrupts occurring after parsing of the incoming message do not result
in lost data.
Figure 3-17 illustrates the echo mode, the prompt method and the default XON XOFF method
described in the following paragraphs.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-49
FIGURE 3-17.
RS 232 IMPLEMENTATION
Only seven control characters (characters between 00H and 1FH) are acknowledged by the
power supply:
•
Carriage Return (CR, 0DH)
•
Line Feed (LF, 0AH)
•
Back Space (BS, 08H)
•
Escape (ESC, 01BH)
•
XON (011H)
•
XOFF (013H)
•
CAN (018H)
BS deletes the last character entered, with the exception of CR or LF characters. Either the CR
or LF character acts as the line terminator, initiating parsing of the ASCII data sent to the BOP
by the command originator. When the line is parsed and the commands are sent to the analog
processor, the BOP sends the line terminator sequence CR LF to the command originator.
The ESC character is used for synchronization, causing the BOP to reset its input buffer and
return a CR LF sequence.
The XON character enables the transmitter if XON/XOFF flow control is enabled (see PAR.
3.5.3.2.2 and Table 3-16).
The XOFF character stops data transmission if XON/XOFF flow control is enabled (see PAR.
3.5.3.2.2 and Table 3-16).
The CAN character resets the receive and transmit pointers and queues.
CAUTION: When the serial port has received an XOFF, the error message -400, QUE
error will be placed in the queue to indicate the loss of transmitted information due to a received XOFF character. When XON is received, the unit will
transmit all data in it's buffer followed by the exclamation character (!). This
(!) character is not part of any message from the BOP and indicates the
transmission buffer has been cleared and the BOP is idle.
3-50
BOP HIPWR 101509
All non-control characters are sent via the serial port of the command originator. The control
character BS is echoed as BS Space BS. Only the first control character is returned in response
to either a CR LF or LF CR character sequence (see Figure 3-17).
3.5.6.2.1 XON XOFF METHOD
The XON XOFF method allows the BOP to control when the command originator is allowed to
send data. The command originator can only send data after the XON (transmission on) character (011H) has been received; the command originator stops sending data after receiving the
XOFF (transmission off) character (013H), and waits until the XON character is received before
sending additional data.
Control characters, either CR or LF, are returned as XOFF CR if echo mode is on, and as XOFF
if echo mode is off. XOFF stops data from the command originator and the BOP returns the normal sequence of CR LF (if echo mode is enabled).
3.5.6.2.2 ECHO MODE
Echo mode is one method of ensuring data is transferred without errors. This mode should only
be enabled when errors in operation are detected.
Each byte (character) is echoed back to the sender where it is verified as the same character
that was just sent. If the wrong character is echoed back, sending the ESC character clears the
line to allow retransmission of the character. It is important the CR and LF characters are NOT
sent until the verification process is complete.
When working in echo mode, it is possible to receive the NAK (15 hex) from the BOP. This indicates an unknown quantity of echoed characters have been lost due to a queue overflow problem. The error queue will also contain the -400, QUE error message, To prevent this, please
insure the received data string does not exceed 127 characters between line terminators and no
more than four queries are sent between line terminators in SCPI mode of operation
All non-control characters are sent via the serial port of the command originator.
3.5.6.2.3 PROMPT METHOD
The command originator sends a message line (command) to the BOP and waits until the
prompt sequence CR LF > (3EH, 6210) is received. The BOP sends the prompt sequence
CR LF > to the command originator indicating the power supply is ready to receive the next
command and data will not be lost. This method is useful in an interactive mode as well as with
certain process controllers.
3.5.6.3
USING SCPI COMMANDS FOR RS 232 COMMUNICATION.
The unit must be in remote mode before the RS 232 commands to affect the output can be executed (e.g., VOLT 10;OUTP ON). This can be accomplished by sending SYST:REM ON prior to
sending any commands that affect the power supply output. (See PAR. B.139 and Figure B-11)
3.5.6.4
ISOLATING RS 232 COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS
A Loop Back test can be run from the front panel to aid in isolating RS 232 communication problems. The unit is designed to pass the test only with the Loop Back test connector (part of Kit
219-0436, see Table 1-5) installed.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-51
1. From the power-up screen press % key to enter the General Setup menu, then highlight
Revisions/TEST. press ! to enter the Test Subsystem menu.
2. Highlight Serial Interface and press # to run the test with the Loop Back Test connector
NOT installed and verify the LCD reads Failed. If the LCD reads Passed, the power supply
is defective and requires repair.
3. Install the loop back test connector into RS 232 port and press the # key to rerun the test.
If the LCD reads Passed, the power supply is operating properly. If the LCD reads Failed,
the unit requires repair.
4. To test the integrity of the cable assembly connecting the power supply RS 232 port to the
computer, remove the Loop Back test connector from the power supply RS 232 port and
connect the cable in its place. With the DB9 adapter installed on the opposite end of the
cable, connect a short jumper wire between pins 2 and 3 of the adapter connector and
repeat the test of step 3 above. If the LCD display reads Failed, the cord is either the
improper type (not null modem) or is defective. If the LCD display reads Passed, the cable is
correct; remove the jumper and reconnect the cable to the computer.
If each of the above steps is completed successfully, the problem lies in the computer hardware and/or software. Refer to the Product Support area of the Kepco website for additional
information regarding RS 232 communications problems: www.kepcopower.com/support.
3.6
SCPI PROGRAMMING
SCPI (Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments) is a programming language conforming to the protocols and standards established by IEEE 488.2 (reference document
ANSI/IEEE Std 488.2, IEEE Standard Codes, Formats, Protocols, and Common Commands). SCPI commands are sent to the BOP Power Supply as ASCII output strings within the selected programming language (PASCAL, BASIC, etc.) in accordance with the manufacturer’s requirements for
the particular GPIB controller card used.
Different programming languages (e.g., BASIC, C, PASCAL, etc.) have different ways of representing data that is to be put on the IEEE 488 bus. It is up to the programmer to determine how
to output the character sequence required for the programming language used. Address information (GPIB address) must be included before the command sequence. (See PAR.3.5.3.1.1 to
establish the BOP Power Supply GPIB address.)
3.6.1
SCPI MESSAGES
There are two kinds of SCPI messages: program messages from controller to power supply,
and response messages from the power supply to the controller. Program messages consist of
one or more properly formatted commands/queries and instruct the power supply to perform an
action; the controller may send a program message at any time. Response messages consist of
formatted data; the data can contain information regarding operating parameters, power supply
state, status, or error conditions.
3.6.2
COMMON COMMANDS/QUERIES
Common commands and queries are defined by the IEEE 488.2 standard to perform overall
power supply functions (such as identification, status, or synchronization) unrelated to specific
power supply operation (such as setting voltage/current). Common commands and queries are
preceded by an asterisk (*) and are defined and explained in Appendix A (see Table 4-4). Refer
also to syntax considerations (PARs 3.4.3 through 3.4.6).
3-52
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.6.3
SCPI SUBSYSTEM COMMAND/QUERY STRUCTURE
Subsystem commands/queries are related to specific power supply functions (such as setting
output voltage, current limit, etc.) Figure 3-18 is a tree diagram illustrating the structure of SCPI
subsystem commands used in the BOP Power Supply with the “root” at the left side, and specific commands forming the branches. The following paragraphs introduce the subsystems; subsystem commands are defined and explained in Appendix B.
3.6.3.1
ABORT SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem allows pending trigger levels to be cancelled.
3.6.3.2
DISPLAY SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem controls the second line of the LCD. The first line will always display the LOCal
or REMote operation status and the constant Voltage (CV) or constant Current functioning mode
(CC).
3.6.3.3
INITIATE SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem enables the trigger system. When a trigger is enabled, the triggering action will
occur upon receipt of a GPIB <GET>, *TRG or TRIGger command. If a trigger circuit is not
enabled, all trigger commands are ignored.
3.6.3.4
LIST SUBSYSTEM
The LIST subsystem allows the BOP to generate complex waveforms by executing a series of
points in order. Each point contains a value for the main channel (either voltage or current) and
the duration (dwell) that the value will appear at the output (from 93 microseconds to 0.034 second. The list system supports from 2950 to 5900 points per waveform, depending on the number of different dwells in the waveform: For example, if each point in the list has the same
duration (a single dwell time), 5900 points are supported; if no more than 126 different dwell
times are specified, 3933 points are supported, and if each point has a different dwell, a maximum of 2950 points are supported. The number of points supported is determined automatically
by the BOP firmware.
The LIST subsystem includes a subsystem for waveform generation. The waveform generation
is invoked with the verb APPLY. When APPLY is added to a list:volt or list:curr command, the
BOP adds a series of points to the list arrays. The BOP can apply these points to approximate a
SINE, Triangle, RAMP (positive or negative) or square waveform or a level. The basic command
requires a type, frequency (or period for a level), a peak-to-peak amplitude (or amplitude for a
level).and offset (offset not needed for a level) The unit will create an appropriate number of
points in both the dwell and output control array to create the waveform centered on zero volts.
An optional offset can be added to the command to cause the BOP to generate a non-centered
waveform. For example, a 5 volt 400 Hertz sine wave may be centered at -3 volts. The list subsystem has controls the allow the user to modify the unit's behavior to generate parts of waveforms and to used specific dwell times as appropriate. The APPLY subsystem accommodates
126 different segments in a single waveform provided the generated points fit in the array. See
paragraph 3.3.9.3 for an explanation of how a waveform is generated by the BOP.
3.6.3.5
MEASURE SUBSYSTEM
This query subsystem returns the voltage and current measured at the power supply's output
terminals.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-53
3.6.3.6
OUTPUT SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem controls the power supply's voltage and current outputs
3.6.3.7
MEMORY SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem controls the Flash Memory used by the BOP microprocessors and is used for
storing setup parameters and for storing a list for later recall and execution
The unit’s configuration, voltage and current, saved setups (*SAV and *RCL command) and Calibration values are stored in Flash Memory. Since the Flash EEPROM cannot be modified by
writing a single data byte, the block must be erased and then the data written into the correct
locations.
Saved setups are accomplished by the 99 memory locations (groups of settings) which are
stored in the nonvolatile memory. Each setting contains values for: Mode, main channel setting
(voltage or current), Reference setting, positive and negative protect values, External Protect
setting (see Table 3-18), and the keypad state (locked/unlocked. If the keypad is locked
(SYST:KEYB DISable), the *SAV command creates a protected setting that can not be altered
from the front panel.
The BOP accomplishes this by partitioning the Flash memory. As the amount of Flash memory
used becomes larger with each subsequent data update, the Flash memory fills up and needs
to be compressed. The compression of the Flash EEPROM, called packing, is automatically
handled by the BOP microprocessor's code. The packing process can take a half a second to
accomplish Because it is automatically executed, it can occur after any *SAV or save of Calibration. When the memory is out of space, the internal microprocessor moves the any data in the
first page to the end of the flash array and then erases the first flash page. The pack process
can take 500 milliseconds to complete. Packing is automatically invoked during power up initialization if the BOP finds that any storage area is over 90% utilized.
The following statistics are a guide as to when a MEMORY PACK will occur.
3-54
•
Save area - Approximately 300 *SAV operations can be completed before a PACK will
occur automatically.
•
Variable area - around 3000 updates can be completed prior to an automatic PACK
occurring. Variable areas also include serial number updates and password updates.
•
Calibration - 64 calibrations can be saved before a PACK is required.
BOP HIPWR 101509
ROOT : (colon)
ABORt subsystem
STATus subsystem
ABORt
STATus
:OPERation
:CONDition?
:ENABle val
:ENABle?
[:EVENt]?
:PRESet
:QUEStionable
:CONDition?
:ENABle val
:ENABle?
[:EVENt]?
INITiate subsystem
INITiate
[:IMMediate]
:CONTinuous bool
:CONTinuous?
CALibrate subsystem
CALibrate
:CEXTernal MAX, ZERO
:CGAin MIN MAX
:CLIMit MAX, ZERO
:CPRotect MIN, MAX
:CURRent MIN, MAX
:DATA val
:SAVE <string>
:STATe <boolean>, password
:STATe?
:VEXTernal MAX, ZERO
:VOLTage MIN, MAX
:VGAin MIN, MAX
:VLIMit MAX, ZERO
:VPRotect MIN, MAX
:ZERO
TRIGger subsystem
TRIGger
[:SOURce] EXT, BUS
[:SOURce]?
[SOURce:] subsystem
(see Sheet 2)
MEASure subsystem
MEASure
[:SCALar]:CURRent[:DC]?
[:SCALar]:[VOLTage][:DC]?
OUTPut subsystem
OUTPut
[:STATe] ON or OFF
[:STATe]?
:MODE ACTIVE, RESISTIVE,
BATTERY
:MODE?
SYSTem subsystem
SYSTem
:BEEP
:COMM
:GPIB:ADDR val
:GPIB:ADDR?
:SER
:BAUD
:BAUD?
:ECHO
:ECHO?
:PACE
:PACE?
:PROM
:PROM?
:ERRor?
[:NEXT]?
:CODE?
[:NEXT]?
:ALL?
:KEYBoard ENABLE DISABLE
:KEYBoard?
:PASSword
[:CENAble] (code)
:STATe?
:CDISenable (code)
:NEW OLD, NEW
:STATe?
:REMote bool
:REMote?
:SECUrity
:IMMediate
:SET
:SET?
:VERSion?
LIST subsystem
(See Sheet 2)
MEMory subsystem
MEMory
:UPDate
:RELoad
See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
Requires MEM:UPD to save for power-up.
FIGURE 3-18.
BOP HIPWR 101509
TREE DIAGRAM OF SCPI COMMANDS USED WITH BOP POWER SUPPLY (SHEET 1 OF 2)
3-55
ROOT : (colon)
[SOURce:] subsystem
[SOURce:]
VOLTage
[:LEVel]
[:IMMediate]
[:AMPLitude] val
[:AMPLitude]? MIN, MAX
:TRIGgered
[:AMPLitude] val
[:AMPLitude]?
:LIMit[:BOTH]
[:BOTH]?
:NEGative
:NEGative?
:POSitive
:POSitive?
:MODE FIXed, LIST, TRANsient,
EXTernal, GAIN, PROTect
:MODE?
:PROTect
[:BOTH]
[:BOTH]?
:MODE INT, EXT, LESS
:MODE?
:NEGative
:NEGative?
:POSitive
:POSitive?
:LIM[:BOTH]
:LIM[:BOTH]?
:LIM:NEGative
:LIM:NEGative?
:LIM:POSitive
:LIM:POSitive?
Requires MEM:UPD to save for power-up.
FIGURE 3-18.
3.6.3.8
[SOURce:]
CURRent
[:LEVel]
[:IMMediate]
[:AMPLitude] val
[:AMPLitude]? MIN, MAX
:TRIGgered
[:AMPLitude] val
[:AMPLitude]?
:LIMit[:BOTH]
[:BOTH]?
:NEGative
:NEGative?
:POSitive
:POSitive?
:MODE FIXed, LIST, TRANsient,
EXTernal, GAIN, PROTect
:MODE?
:PROTect
[:BOTH]
[:BOTH]?
:MODE INT, EXT, LESS
:MODE?
:NEGative
:NEGative?
:POSitive
:POSitive?
:LIM[:BOTH]
:LIM[:BOTH]?
:LIM:NEGative
:LIM:NEGative?
:LIM:POSitive
:LIM:POSitive?
FUNCtion
:MODE VOLT, CURR, EXTernal
:MODE?
:TRIGger VOLTage, CURRent
:TRIGger?
LIST subsystem
LIST
:CLEar
:COUNt val
:COUNt?
:COUNt:SKIP int
:COUNt:SKIP?
:CURRent val,val
APPLy type,val1,val2,val3
SWEep START, STOP
SWEep?
:POINts?
:CURRent?
:DWELl val,val
:DWELl?
:POINts?
:QUERy val
:QUERy?
:REP val1,val2,val3
:RES?
:SAMP:CURRent int,val
:SAMP:VOLTage int,val
:SAMP?
:SET:SAMPle val
:SET:SAMPle?
:SET:TRIGger val ON, OFF
:SET:TRIGger?
:SET:WAIT val
:SET:WAIT?
:TRIGger val
:VOLTage val,val
APPLy type,val1,val2,val3
SWEep START, STOP
SWEep?
:POINts?
:VOLTage?
:WAIT
:HIGH val
:LEDG val
:LOW val
TREE DIAGRAM OF SCPI COMMANDS USED WITH BOP POWER SUPPLY (SHEET 2 OF 2)
STATUS SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem programs the power supply status register. The power supply has two groups of
status registers: Operation and Questionable. Each group consists of three registers: Condition,
Enable, and Event.
3.6.3.9
TRIGGER SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem controls the remote triggering of the power supply.
3-56
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.6.3.10
[SOURCE:]VOLTAGE AND [SOURCE:]CURRENT SUBSYSTEMS
These subsystems program the output voltage and current of the power supply.
3.6.3.11
CALIBRATE SUBSYSTEM
The BOP series of power supplies support software calibration. A full calibration consist of a
voltage calibration and a current calibration. These calibration procedures include steps that
prepare the unit for series or parallel operation. Both voltage and current calibrations consist of
a zero (performed on the main channels only) and positive and negative full scale calibrations
with both internal and external references. In addition, the external reference and variable gain
are also calibrated. There are two ways to perform the calibration: locally using the front panel
keys, or remotely sending commands through the GPIB bus. These two ways cannot be combined.
In order to enter the calibration mode the correct calibration access code (password) must be
entered. If the password has been forgotten call the factory and a secret password (which has
been assigned to your power supply) will be provided. During the calibration, new calibration
data is computed which is than stored in the non volatile memory.
Refer to PAR. 4.2 for calibration equipment requirements.
During voltage calibration, the voltage, voltage protect and voltage readback are calibrated and
during current calibration the current, current protect and current readback are calibrated. The
normal procedure is to calibrate voltage first and then current. However, you do not have to do a
complete calibration each time. If required, you may calibrate only the voltage or the current and
then proceed to saving the calibration results. For voltage calibration all loads must be disconnected and the sense terminals connected to the corresponding output terminals. The digital
voltmeter will be connected to the sensing terminals (OUT S and COM S) of the power supply.
For current calibration after disconnecting all loads an appropriate shunt resistor will be connected across output terminals and the digital voltmeter will be connected across the sense terminals of the shunt resistor.
3.6.3.12
SYSTEM SUBSYSTEM
This subsystem controls system-level commands, including setup of the GPIB and Serial ports,
error queries, front panel setup (keyboard lockout, display illumination, and audible beeps),
passwords, command language, setup of device clear, line feed and reset, and restoring factory
calibration.
3.6.3.12.1 FORGOTTEN PASSWORDS
If the password is lost, it is possible to enable the password interface by sending
SYST:PASS:CEN POWERSUPPLIER
Once enabled, the passwords can be set to the default values
SYST:SEC:OVERRIDE
This restores the passwords to the following:
Main:
DEFAULT
Admin2: KEPCO
Admin1: (none assigned)
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-57
3.6.4
PROGRAM MESSAGE STRUCTURE
SCPI program messages (commands from controller to power supply) consist of one or more
message units ending in a message terminator. The message terminator is not part of the syntax; it
is defined by the way your programming language indicates the end of a line (“newline” character). Sending a character with EOL line asserted is another way of sending a message terminator. The message unit is a keyword consisting of a single command or query word followed by a
message terminator (e.g., CURR?<newline> or TRIG<end-of-line>). The message unit may
include a data parameter after the keyword separated by a space; the parameter is usually
numeric (e.g., CURR 5<newline>), but may also be a string (e.g., OUTP ON<newline>). Figure
3-19 illustrates the message structure, showing how message units are combined. The following subparagraphs explain each component of the message structure.
NOTE: An alternative to using the message structure for multiple messages defined in the following paragraphs is to send each command as a separate line. In this case each command must use the full syntax shown in Appendix B.
3.6.4.1
KEYWORD
Keywords are instructions recognized by a decoder within the BOP, referred to as a “parser.”
Each keyword describes a command function; all keywords used by the BOP are listed in Figure
3-18.
Each keyword has a long form and a short form. For the long form the word is spelled out completely (e.g. STATUS, OUTPUT, VOLTAGE, and TRIGGER are long form keywords). For the
short form only the first three or four letters of the long form are used (e.g., STAT, VOLT, OUTP,
and TRIG). The rules governing short form keywords are presented in Table 3-21.
TABLE 3-21. RULES GOVERNING SHORTFORM KEYWORDS
IF NUMBER OF LETTERS IN
LONGFORM KEYWORD IS:
AND FOURTH LETTER
IS A VOWEL?
THEN SHORT FORM
CONSISTS OF:
EXAMPLES
4 OR FEWER
(DOES NOT MATTER)
ALL LONG FORM LETTERS
MODE
NO
THE FIRST FOUR
LONG FORM LETTERS
MEASure, OUTPut, EVENt
YES
THE FIRST THREE
LONG FORM LETTERS
LEVel, IMMediate, ERRor
5 OR MORE
You must use the rules above when using keywords. Using an arbitrary short form such as
ENABL for ENAB (ENABLE) or IMME for IMM (IMMEDIATE) will result in an error. Regardless
of which form chosen, you must include all the letters required by that form.
To identify the short form and long form in this manual, keywords are written in upper case letters to represent the short form, followed by lower case letters indicating the long form (e.g.,
IMMediate, EVENt, and OUTPut). The parser, however, is not sensitive to case (e.g., outp,
OutP, OUTPUt, ouTPut, or OUTp are all valid).
3.6.4.2
KEYWORD SEPARATOR
If a command has two or more keywords, adjacent keywords must be separated by a colon (:)
which acts as the keyword separator (e.g., CURR:LEV:TRIG). The colon can also act as a root
specifier (paragraph 3.6.4.7).
3-58
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.6.4.3
QUERY INDICATOR
The question mark (?) following a keyword is a query indicator. This changes the command into
a query. If there is more than one keyword in the command, the query indicator follows the last
keyword. (e.g., VOLT? and MEAS:CURR?).
3.6.4.4
DATA
Some commands require data to accompany the keyword either in the form of a numeric value
or character string. Data always follows the last keyword of a command or query (e.g.,
VOLT:LEV:TRIG 14 or SOUR:VOLT? MAX
3.6.4.5
DATA SEPARATOR
Data must be separated from the last keyword by a space (e.g., VOLT:LEV:TRIG 14 or
SOUR:VOLT? MAX
ROOT SPECIFIER
DATA
MESSAGE UNIT SEPARATOR
MESSAGE UNIT SEPARATOR
DATA
DATA SEPARATOR
ROOT SPECIFIER
KEYWORD
KEYWORD
KEYWORD SEPARATOR
QUERY INDICATOR
MESSAGE TERMINATOR
KEYWORD
CURR:LEV 3.5;:OUTP ON;:CURR?<NL>
MESSAGE UNIT
FIGURE 3-19.
3.6.4.6
MESSAGE STRUCTURE
MESSAGE UNIT SEPARATOR
When two or more message units are combined in a program message, they must be separated
by a semicolon (;) (e.g., VOLT 15;MEAS:VOLT? and CURR 12; CURR:TRIG 12.5).
3.6.4.7
ROOT SPECIFIER
The root specifier is a colon (:) that precedes the first keyword of a program message. This
places the parser at the root (top left, Figure 3-18) of the command tree. Note the difference
between using the colon as a keyword separator and a root specifier in the following examples:
VOLT:LEV:IMM 16
BOP HIPWR 101509
Both colons are keyword separators.
3-59
:CURR:LEV:IMM 4 The first colon is the root specifier, the other two are keyword separators.
VOLT:LEV 6;:CURR:LEV 15 The second colon is the root specifier, the first and third are keyword separators
:INIT ON;:TRIG;:MEAS:CURR?;VOLT? The first three colons are root specifiers.
3.6.4.8
MESSAGE TERMINATOR
The message terminator defines the end of a message. One message terminator is permitted:
•
new line (<NL>), ASCII 10 (decimal) or 0A (hex)
NOTE: Kepco power supplies require a message terminator at the end of each program message. The examples shown in this manual assume a message terminator will be added
at the end of each message. Where a message terminator is shown it is represented
as <NL> regardless of the actual terminator character.
3.6.5
UNDERSTANDING THE COMMAND STRUCTURE
Understanding the command structure requires an understanding of the subsystem command
tree illustrated in Figure 3-18. The “root” is located at the top left corner of the diagram. The
parser goes to the root if:
•
•
a message terminator is recognized by the parser
a root specifier is recognized by the parser
Optional keywords are enclosed in brackets [ ] for identification; optional keywords can be omitted and the power supply will respond as if they were included in the message. The root level
keyword [SOURce] is an optional keyword. Starting at the root, there are various branches or
paths corresponding to the subsystems. The root keywords for the BOP Power Supply are
:ABORt, :CALibrate, :DISPlay, :INITiate, :LIST, :MEASure, :OUTPut, [:SOURce], :STATus,
:SYSTem and :TRIGger. Because the [SOURce] keyword is optional, the parser moves the path
to the next level, so that VOLTage, CURRent, and FUNCtion commands are at the root level.
Each time the parser encounters a keyword separator, the parser moves to the next indented
level of the tree diagram. As an example, the STATus branch is a root level branch that has
three sub-branches: OPERation, PRESet, and QUEStionable. The following illustrates how
SCPI code is interpreted by the parser:
STAT:PRES<NL>
The parser returns to the root due to the message terminator.
STAT:OPER?;PRES<NL>
The parser moves one level in from STAT. The next command is expected at the level defined
by the colon in front of OPER?. Thus you can combine the following message units
STAT:OPER? and STAT:PRES;
STAT:OPER:COND?;ENAB 16<NL>
After the OPER:COND? message unit, the parser moves in one level from OPER, allowing the
abbreviated notation for STAT:OPER:ENAB.
3-60
BOP HIPWR 101509
3.6.6
PROGRAM MESSAGE SYNTAX SUMMARY
•
Common commands begin with an asterisk (*).
•
Queries end with a question mark (?).
•
Program messages consist of a root keyword and, in some cases, one or more message
units separated by a colon (:) followed by a message terminator. Several message units
of a program message may be separated by a semicolon (;) without repeating the root
keyword.
•
If a program message has more than one message unit, then a colon (:) must precede
the next keyword in order to set the parser back to the root (otherwise the next keyword
will be taken as a subunit of the previous message unit).
e.g., the command meas:volt?;curr? will read output voltage and output current since
both volt? and curr? are interpreted as subunits of the meas command.
3.6.7
•
Several commands may be sent as one message; a line feed terminates the message.
Commands sent together are separated by a semicolon (;). The first command in a message starts at the root, therefor a colon (:) at the beginning is not mandatory. E.g., the
command meas:volt?;:curr? will read output voltage and programmed current since the
colon preceding curr? indicates that curr? is not part of the meas command and starts at
the root.
•
UPPER case letters in mnemonics are mandatory (short form). Lower case letters may
either be omitted, or must be specified completely (long form)
e.g., INSTrument (long form) has the same effect as INST (short form).
•
Commands/queries may be given in upper/lower case (long form)
e.g., SoUrCe is allowed.
•
Text shown between brackets [ ] is optional.
e.g., :[SOUR]VOLT:[LEV] TRIG has the same effect as :VOLT TRIG
STATUS REPORTING
The status reporting of the BOP power supply follows the SCPI and IEEE 488.2 requirements.
The serial poll response of the BOP power supply provides summary bits of the status and error
reporting system. The simplest status report is the command valid reporting and data availability, This successful decoding of a command string generates no error and is indicated by the bit
3 of the serial poll response being a zero. The setting of bit 4 in the status byte indicates data is
available to the controller in response a command query message.
3.6.7.1
STATUS REPORTING STRUCTURE
The status reporting of the BOP uses four status registers, illustrated in Figure 3-20. These registers are the Questionable, Operation, Standard Event and Service Request registers. The
Questionable and Operation registers are 16 bit registers and the Standard Event and Service
Request registers are 8 bits. These four registers are referred to as condition registers. Each of
the four condition registers is associated with two related registers: an event register which
holds unlatched events reported in real-time by the instrument and is cleared by reading the
register, and an enable register which allows the contents of the event register to be passed
through to set the associated condition register.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-61
FIGURE 3-20.
STATUS REPORTING STRUCTURE
A zero to one transition of a condition register is added to the event register. Reading an event
register clears all of the bits found in the event register. If any bits are set in an event register,
the following condition register bit is then set. For example, if the STAT:QUES:ENB (enable) register has bit 0 set and a voltage error is detected, the event registers bit 0 is set. The 1 in the
event register causes bit 3 of the status byte to be asserted. The Service Request register is
ANDed with its enable register for all bits except bit 6. The result is placed in bit 6 of the Service
3-62
BOP HIPWR 101509
Request register. If bit 6 is a 1 (true), it causes the MBT-G power supply to assert the SRQ line
to the host controller.
Figure 3-20 also shows that if the error/event queue is not empty, bit 3 is set in the Service
Request register and bit 4 indicates that a message is available in the output buffer.
3.6.7.2
OPERATIONAL STATUS REGISTER
The OPERational condition register contains conditions which are a part of the instrument’s normal operation. The definition of each of these bits (condition register) is as follows:
3.6.7.3
•
0 through 4 - Not Used — always zero.
•
5 - Waiting for Trigger — 1 indicates the trigger system is enabled. If trigger source is
external and the trigger input goes low, the WTG will remain in a one condition until
after the trigger input goes high.
•
6 - Transient Armed — 1 indicates the transient function is enabled,
•
7 - Not Used — always zero.
•
8 - Constant Voltage — 1 indicates the instrument is in constant voltage mode.
•
9 - Transient Complete — 1 indicates transient has been completed. Not readable in
OPERation Status Condition register.
•
10 - Constant Current — 1 indicates the instrument is in constant current mode.
•
11 - Sample Complete — 1 indicates the sample has been completed.
•
12 - List Complete — 1 indicates the programmed list has been completed. Not readable
in OPERation Status Condition register.
•
13 - Not Used — always zero.
•
14 - List Running — 1 indicates the programmed list is in progress.
•
15 - Not Used — always zero.
QUESTIONABLE STATUS REGISTER
The QUEStionable condition register (see Figure 3-20) contains status bits representing
data/signals which give an indication of the quality of various aspects of the signal.
A bit set in the QUEStionable condition register indicates that the data currently being acquired
or generated is of questionable quality due to some condition affecting the parameter associated with that bit.
•
0 - Voltage Mode Error — 1 indicates the instrument is in Current mode.
•
1 - Current Mode Error — 1 indicates the Power Supply is in Voltage mode.
•
2 - Not Used — always zero.
•
3 - Thermal Error — 1 indicates a thermal error has been detected.
•
4 - 5 - Not Used — always zero.
•
6 - Slave Error — 1 indicates a slave fault in a master/slave configuration
•
7 - 11 - Not Used — always zero.
•
12 - Voltage Protect Error — 1 indicates a Voltage protection error has been detected.
BOP HIPWR 101509
3-63
NOTE: If External Reference is enabled and a protection error occurs, both Voltage Protect
Error (bit 12) and Current Protect Error (bit 13) are set
3.6.8
•
13 - Current Protect Error — 1 indicates a Current protection error has been detected.
•
14 - Sinking — 1 indicates the unit is absorbing energy from the load.
•
15 Not Used — always zero.
SCPI PROGRAM EXAMPLES
Refer to Appendix B, Figures B-1 through B-12 for examples illustrating the use of SCPI commands.
Figure 3-21 is an example of a program using SCPI commands to program the BOP Power
Supply. The program illustrated is for a configuration using an IBM PC or compatible with a
National Instruments GPIB interface card. (It will be necessary to consult the manufacturer’s
data to achieve comparable functions with an interface card from a different manufacturer.) This
program sets output voltage (Voltage mode) or voltage limit (Current mode) to 5V, and current
limit (Voltage mode) or output current (Current mode) to 1A, then reads the measured (actual)
voltage and current, then prints the measurements.
/**************************************************************************/
/* Sample Program For KEPCO power supply, using National Instruments */
/* GPIB interface card and IBM PC or compatible computer
*/
/**************************************************************************/
#include <stdio.h>
#include "decl.h"
char rd_str[80];
char dat_str[80];
int bd,adr;
// Input buffer
// Output buffer
main() {
adr = ibfind("DEV6");
bd = ibfind ("GPIB0");
ibsic (bd);
ibsre(bd,1);
// Open DEV6 (defined by IBCONF)
// Open GPIB card
// Send Interface Clear
// Set remote line true
strcpy(dat_str,"VOLT 5;CURR 1");
strcat(dat_str,"\r\n");
ibwrt(adr,dat_str,strlen(dat_str));
// Define a set command
// Append delimiter
// Send string to power supply
strcpy(dat_str,"MEAS:VOLT?;CURR?");
strcat(dat_str,"\r\n");
ibwrt(adr,dat_str,strlen(dat_str));
// Define a measure command
// Append delimiter
// Send string to power supply
strset(rd_str,'\0');
ibrd(adr,rd_str,64);
printf("received : %s\n",rd_str);
// Clear input buffer
// Read result of measure
// Print voltage and current
}
FIGURE 3-21.
3-64
TYPICAL EXAMPLE OF BOP POWER SUPPLY PROGRAM USING SCPI COMMANDS
BOP HIPWR 101509
SECTION 4 - CALIBRATION
4.1
GENERAL
This section contains the calibration instructions for the Power Supply. It is recommended that
the user be familiar with Local Mode operation (PAR.3.2) before calibrating the unit.
A full calibration consist of a voltage calibration and a current calibration. Both voltage and current calibrations consist of zero, max and min, and protection limit calibration. In addition, the
control signals required for series and parallel operation of multiple units are also calibrated. It is
recommended that the unit be recalibrated annually.
In order to enter the calibration mode the correct password may be required (see PAR. 3.2.4.4).
If the password has been lost, call the factory and a special password will be provided. During
the calibration, new calibration data is computed which is then stored in the nonvolatile memory.
Calibration of the BOP is performed in one of three ways: locally using the front panel keys
(PAR. 4.4), remotely by sending commands through either the GPIB or RS 232 bus (PAR. 4.3),
or remotely using the graphical interface supplied with the instrument driver available at
www.kepcopower.com/drivers.htm (PAR. 4.4.3). This VISA compliant driver works with many
GPIB cards from suppliers like National Instruments and Hewlett-Packard. These three ways
cannot be combined. Separate calibration procedures are provided for units connected in series
or parallel.
NOTE: During calibration, various circuits of the BOP are verified. If an error occurs during the
verification process, the unit will beep and an error 24(x), Hardware, (see PAR. B.130)
will be placed in the error queue.
TABLE 4-1. CALIBRATION SUMMARY
Type
Step
Reference Type
and Value
Monitored
Parameter
Output Conditions
Notes
VOLTAGE
INTERNAL
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
3. NEGATIVE
Internal
Output Voltage
1. 0.0v
2. +Voltage FS
3. –Voltage FS
NO LOAD
AUTOMATIC VM
1. DVM between OUT S
and COM S.
2. Adjust for zero, positive and negative FS.
VOLTAGE
PROTECTION
1. POSITIVE
2. NEGATIVE
Internal
Output Voltage
1. +Voltage FS
2. –Voltage FS
NO LOAD
AUTOMATIC CM
1. DVM between OUT S
and COM S.
2. Adjust for positive
and negative FS.
VOLTAGE
EXTERNAL
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port,
pin 11 ref to pin 4)
Output Voltage
1. 0.0v
2. –Voltage FS
NO LOAD
AUTOMATIC VM
1. DVM between OUT S
and COM S.
2. Adjust for zero, positive FS.
VOLTAGE
GAIN
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port
pin 11 ref to 4)
Output Voltage:
1. 0.0V
2. 0.0V
No Load
Automatic VM
1. DVM between OUT S
and COM S
2. Adjust for zero
(both Zero and Positive).
EXTERNAL
CONTROLS,
SERIES
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. -10.0V
(Par/Ser CTRL-IN
Port, pin 8 ref to 1)
Output Voltage:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
No Load
Automatic VM
1. DVM between OUT S
and COM S
2. Adjust for zero,
+10.0V
3. Calibrate unit for
Slave in Series
BOP-1K 101509
4-1
TABLE 4-1. CALIBRATION SUMMARY (CONTINUED)
Type
Step
Reference Type
and Value
Monitored
Parameter
Output Conditions
Notes
Remote Calibr.
VOLTAGE
EXTERNAL
PROTECTION,
Pos. Voltage
Neg. Voltage
(together)
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port
pin 14+6 ref to
pin12)
N/A
No requirements
1. Automatic internal
measurement
2. Remote Calibration
only.
CURRENT,
INTERNAL
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
3. NEGATIVE
Internal
Output Current:
1. 0.0A
2. +Current FS
3. –Current FS
Short with Meas.
Shunt
Automatic CM
1. DVM between probe
terminals of Meas.
Shunt (LO towards
COM S)
2. Adjust for zero, positive and negative FS
CURRENT,
PROTECTION
1. POSITIVE
2. NEGATIVE
Internal
Output Current:
1. +Current FS
2. -Current FS
Short with Meas.
Shunt
Automatic VM
1. DVM between probe
terminals of Meas.
Shunt (LO towards
COM S)
2. Adjust for positive
and negative FS.
CURRENT,
EXTERNAL
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port
pin 11 ref to 4)
Output Current:
1. 0.0A
2. +Current FS
Short with Meas.
Shunt
Automatic CM
1. DVM between probe
terminals of Meas.
Shunt (LO towards
COM S).
2)Adjust for zero, pos
FS.
CURRENT,
GAIN
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port
pin 11 ref to 4)
Output Current:
1. 0.0A
2. 0.0A
Short with Meas.
Shunt
Automatic CM
1. DVM between probe
terminals of Meas.
Shunt (LO towards
COM S)
2. Adjust for zero
(both Zero and Positive)
EXTERNAL
CONTROLS,
PARALLEL
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Par/Ser CTRL-IN
Port pin3 ref. to
pin1)
Output Current:
1. 0.0A
2. +Current FS
Short with Meas.
Shunt
Automatic CM
1. DVM between probe
terminals of Meas.
Shunt (LO towards
COM S)
2. Adjust for zero, pos.
FS
3. Calibrate unit for
Slave in Parallel
EXTERNAL
CONTROLS,
I_OUT
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
INTERNAL
Voltage at Par/Ser
CTRL-IN Port pin 6
ref. to pin1:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
Short with Meas.
Shunt
Automatic CM
1. DVM at Par/Ser
CTRL-IN Port pin 6 ref.
to pin 1
2. Adjust for zero,
+10.0V
3. Calibrate unit for
Master in Parallel
Remote Calibr.
CURRENT
EXTERNAL
PROTECTION,
Pos. Current
Neg. Current
(together)
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port
pins 13, 5 ref to
pin 12)
N/A
No requirements
1. Automatic internal
measurement
2. Remote Calibration.
only.
4-2
BOP-1K 101509
TABLE 4-1. CALIBRATION SUMMARY (CONTINUED)
Type
Step
Local Calib.
EXTERNAL
PROTECTION,
Pos. Voltage
Neg. Voltage
Pos. Current
Neg. Current
(together)
4.2
1. ZERO
2. POSITIVE
Reference Type
and Value
External:
1. 0.0V
2. +10.0V
(Analog I/O Port
pins 14, 6, 13, 5
ref to pin12)
Monitored
Parameter
N/A
Output Conditions
No requirements
Notes
1. Automatic internal
measurement
2. Local Calibration
only.
TEST EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
Table 4-2 lists sense resistors recommended for measuring current and includes Kepco and
Manufacturer’s part numbers. The value of the sense resistor chosen should be known with
0.001% accuracy. If other than a recommended sense resistor is to be used, it must be rated for
at least 100W power dissipation (actual power dissipation will be approximately 10W). The thermal coefficient of the sense resistor chosen should be 10 ppm or better.
The digital voltmeter (DVM) used to measure output voltage and the voltage across the current
sensing resistor should have at least six digits, multiple ranges, the smallest resolution must be
at least one microvolt and the accuracy must be at least 0.0001%.
To calibrate the external programming capabilities of the BOP a DC reference voltage with the
following minimum specifications is required.
•
Value: 0.0V ±0.1mV and 10.0V ±0.1mV (either positive and negative or floating)
•
Stability: better than 10-5
•
Internal Impedance: better than 0.1 Ohms
•
Output Current: >0.5mA when sourcing, >0.15mA when sinking
TABLE 4-2. SUGGESTED SENSE RESISTORS
MODEL
VALUE
KEPCO PART NO.
MANUFACTURER
MANUFACTURER PART NO.
BOP 10-75MG
BOP 20-50MG
BOP 36-28MG
0.001 OHM
115-3033
ISOTEK
RUG-Z-R001-0.1 TK10
BOP 50-20MG
BOP 72-14MG
BOP 100-10MG
0.01 OHM
115-2997
ISOTEK
RUG-Z-R010-0.1 TK10
NOTE: ALL SENSE RESISTORS MUST BE MOUNTED ON A HEATSINK WITH A MINIMUM SURFACE AREA OF 36 SQUARE
INCHES TO MAINTAIN THERMAL STABILITY DURING CALIBRATION; FORCED CCOOLING IS RECOMMENDED.
KEPCO HEATSINK P/N 136-0451 WILL PROVIDE ADQUATE COOLING FOR THE SENSE RESISTOR.
BOP-1K 101509
4-3
TABLE 4-3. VOLTAGE CALIBRATION MEASUREMENTS AND TOLERANCES
4.3
MODEL
VOLTAGE
ZERO
±FULL SCALE
VOLTAGE
±FULL SCALE
VPR LIMIT
BOP 10-75MG
0V
±0.0001V
10V (MAX)
-10V (MIN)
±0.001V
10V (MAX)
-10V (MIN)
±0.003V
BOP 20-50MG
0V
±0.0002V
20V (MAX)
-20V (MIN)
±0.002V
20V (MAX)
-20V (MIN)
±0.006V
BOP 36-28MG
0V
±0.0036V
36V (MAX)
-36V (MIN)
±0.0036V
36V (MAX)
-36V (MIN)
±0.01V
BOP 50-20MG
0V
±0.005V
50V (MAX)
-50V (MIN)
±0.005V
50V (MAX)
-50V (MIN)
±0.015V
BOP 72-14MG
0V
±0.0072V
72V (MAX)
-72V (MIN)
±0.0072V
72V (MAX)
-72V (MIN)
±0.022V
BOP 100-10MG
0V
±0.01V
100V (MAX)
-100V (MIN)
±0.01V
100V (MAX)
-100V (MIN)
±0.03V
CALIBRATION USING REMOTE SCPI COMMANDS VIA GPIB OR RS 232 INTERFACE
The primary means of adjustment are the CAL:DATA commands. Basically these commands
are fine and coarse adjustments, however there are slight differences in how they work for different types of calibrations.
a. ZERO Calibrations (always done first). The only means of adjustment is the
CAL:DATA <VALUE> command which provides a total of 4095 increments of adjustment starting at 0, with 2047 increments in either direction to achieve maximum output levels of ±2.5% of
EOnom. Adjust the output to obtain the closest value to zero.
b. MAX and MIN Calibrations. The primary means of adjustment is the CAL:DATA <VALUE>
command to either increase (CAL:DATA 1) or decrease (CAL:DATA -1) the output value.
Adjustment can be done in larger increments by increasing the numeric value, e.g.,
CAL:DATA +10 or CAL:DATA -10. Adjust the output to obtain the closest value above the full
scale value.
c. VPR and CPR Calibrations. The only means of adjustment is the CAL:DATA <VALUE>
command which provides a total of 4095 increments of adjustment from zero to maximum.
Adjust the output to obtain the closest value above the full scale value.
4-4
BOP-1K 101509
TABLE 4-4. CURRENT CALIBRATION MEASUREMENTS AND TOLERANCES
MODEL
SENSE
RESISTOR
VALUE
(SEE NOTE AND
TABLE 4-2)
CURRENT
ZERO
±FULL SCALE
CURRENT
±FULL SCALE
CPR LIMIT
BOP 10-75MG
0.001 Ohm
0V
±0.008mV
0.075V (MAX)
–0.075V (MIN)
±0.008mV
0.075V (MAX)
–0.075V (MIN)
±0.038mV
BOP 20-50MG
0.001 Ohm
0V
±0.005mV
0.05V (MAX)
–0.05V (MIN)
±0.005mV
0.05V (MAX)
–0.05V (MIN)
±0.025mV
BOP 36-28MG
0.001 Ohm
0V
±0.003mV
0.028V (MAX)
–0.028V (MIN)
±0.003mV
0.028V (MAX)
–0.028V (MIN)
±0.014mV
BOP 50-20MG
0.01 Ohm
0V
±0.02mV
0.2V (MAX)
–0.2V (MIN)
±0.02mV
0.2V (MAX)
–0.2V (MIN)
±0.10mV
BOP 72-14MG
0.01 Ohm
0V
±0.014mV
0.14V (MAX)
–0.14V (MIN)
±0.014mV
0.14V (MAX)
–0.14V (MIN)
±0.07mV
BOP 100-10MG
0.01 Ohm
0V
±0.01mV
0.1V (MAX)
–0.1V (MIN)
±0.01mV
0.1V (MAX)
–0.1V (MIN)
±0.05mV
REFER TO NOTES FOR SENSE
RESISTOR VALUE OTHER
THAN LISTED HERE
RSENSE
SEE
NOTE A.
SEE NOTE B.
SEE NOTE C.
SEE
NOTE.
USE SPACE PROVIDED AT
RIGHT FOR CALCULATED
VALUES.
NOTES: The following formulas are used to calculate proper calibration values for Sense Resistors other than
those recommended.
RSENSE = the measured value of the sense resistor in ohms (0.001% accuracy).
IOnom = Nominal (rated) current output of BOP in Amperes (e.g., for BOP 50-20M, I = 20A)
A. 0V, Tolerance = ±(RSENSE) x (0.1) x (IOnom)-- result in mV.
B. (RSENSE) x (IOnom)--result in V, Tolerance = ±(RSENSE) x (0.1) x (IOnom)--result in mV.
C. (RSENSE) x (IOnom)--result in V, Tolerance = ±(RSENSE) x (0.5) x (IOnom)--result in mV.
4.3.1
CALIBRATION PROCEDURE USING SCPI COMMANDS
The following procedure provides a complete calibration of the unit. Steps 14 and 15 calibrate
the control signal used when the unit is a slave in series configurations. Steps 29 and 30 calibrate the control signal used when the unit is a master in parallel configurations. Steps 31 and
32 calibrate the control signal used when the unit is a slave in parallel configurations. There is
no need for a special calibration step when the unit is used as a master in series configurations
since the BOP output voltage (which is calibrated by this procedure) is used to control the next
unit in series.
NOTES:
BOP-1K 101509
1. For ZERO calibration, adjust output to obtain value closest to zero.
4-5
2. For FULL SCALE calibration adjust the output to obtain the closest value above
the nominal full scale value.
3. Set the unit for local sensing with GND Network in (see Figure 4-1) and disconnect load from BOP output to prepare the unit for voltage calibration.
FIGURE 4-1.
CALIBRATION SETUP
1. Initiate calibration by sending the SCPI command SYSTem:PASSword:CENable DEFAULT
and then send CAL:STATe 1. The password DEFAULT has been set at the factory. If the
password has been changed from DEFAULT, substitute the correct password for the unit in
the SYST:PASS:CEN command. If the password has been lost, consult factory.
2. Set the BOP to zero volts output by sending CAL:VOLT ZERO. Connect a Digital Voltmeter
(DVM) to the BOP OUT S and COM S terminals to measure the output voltage. Send
CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3c) to adjust the BOP output until the DVM
reads as close to zero as possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE
ZERO.
3. Set the BOP to maximum positive output voltage by sending CAL:VOLT MAX. Measure the
voltage output using the DVM. To adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR.
4.3b) until the DVM reading is as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within
the tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for +FULL SCALE VOLTAGE.
4. Set the BOP to maximum negative output voltage by sending CAL:VOLT MIN. To adjust,
send the CAL:DATA command as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) until the reading is as close as
possible above (absolute value) the nominal full scale value within the limits specified in
Table 4-3 for –FULL SCALE VOLTAGE.
5. Send CAL:VPR MAX to adjust the maximum positive voltage protection limit of the power
supply. Send the CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3c) until the reading is as
close as possible above the nominal full scale value within the limits specified in Table 4-3 for
+FULL SCALE VPR LIMIT.
6. Send CAL:VPR MIN to adjust the maximum negative protection limit of the power supply.
Send the CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3c) until the reading is as close as
possible above (absolute value) the nominal full scale value within the limits specified in
Table 4-3 for –FULL SCALE VPR LIMIT.
4-6
BOP-1K 101509
7. Connect a 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 11 (EXT_REF) referenced to pin 4 (SGND) of the
Analog I/O Port connector (A2A5J6). Set the BOP to zero volts output by sending CAL:VEXT
ZERO. Connect the DVM to the BOP output and send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see
PAR. 4.3c) to adjust the BOP output until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible within
tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO.
NOTE: Accuracy of the 10V d-c reference must be ±0.1mV in order for the calibrated unit to
meet published specifications.
8. Replace 0V reference at pin 11 (EXT_REF) of the Analog I/O Port connector (A2A5J6) with a
+10V d-c reference. Set the BOP to maximum positive output voltage by sending CAL:VEXT
MAX. Measure the voltage output using the DVM. To adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as
needed (see PAR. 4.3b) until the DVM reading is as close as possible above the nominal full
scale value within the tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for +FULL SCALE VOLTAGE.
9. Replace +10V reference at pin 11 (EXT_REF) of the Analog I/O Port connector (A2A5J6)
with a 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference. Set the BOP to zero volts output by sending CAL:VGA
ZERO. Connect DVM to the BOP OUT S and OUT COM terminals to measure the output voltage. Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3c) to adjust the BOP output until
the DVM reads as close to zero as possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO.
10.Replace 0V reference at pin 11 (EXT_REF) of the Analog I/O Port connector (A2A5J6) with a
+10V d-c reference. Set the BOP to maximum positive output voltage by sending CAL:VGA
MAX. Measure the output voltage using the DVM. To adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as
needed (see PAR. 4.3b) until the DVM reading is as close to zero as possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO.
11. Set the BOP to zero volts output by sending CAL:VLIM ZERO. Disconnect the +10V d-c reference voltage from the analog I/O port external reference pin (A2A5J6 pin 11) of the BOP,
then connect 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source to
VLIM+_EXTERNAL and VLIM–_EXTERNAL (pins 14 and 6) referenced to pin 12 (GND1) of
the BOP analog I/O connector (A2A5J6), then send the CAL:ZERO command. This enables
the BOP to recognize that the voltage at the VLIM_EXTERNAL pins is 0V.
12.Connect +10.0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source to
VLIM+_EXTERNAL and VLIM-_EXTERNAL (pins 14 and 6) referenced to pin 12 (GND1) of
the BOP analog I/O connector (A2A5J6), then send CAL:VLIM MAX, then CAL:ZERO commands. This enables the BOP to recognize that the voltage at the VLIM+_EXTERNAL pin is
10.0V.
13.Set the BOP to minimum (maximum negative) output by sending CAL:VLIM MIN, then send
the CAL:ZERO command. This enables the BOP to recognize that the voltage at the VLIM_EXTERNAL pin is 10.0V.
14.Connect a 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 8 (S_IN_SERIAL) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN
connector (A2A5J3) referenced to COM S terminal at the rear panel (use mating connector
supplied with the unit, P/N 142-0488 to gain access to PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector
pins). Set the BOP to zero volts output by sending CAL:SER ZERO. Connect the DVM to the
BOP OUT S and OUT COM terminals and send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR.
4.3b) to adjust the BOP output until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO.
NOTE: Accuracy of the 10V d-c reference must be ±0.1mV in order for the calibrated unit to
meet published specifications.
BOP-1K 101509
4-7
15.Connect a –10V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 8 (S_IN_SERIAL) of the PAR/SER CONTROL
IN connector (A2A5J3) referenced to COM S terminal at the rear panel. Set the BOP to maximum positive output voltage by sending CAL:SER MAX. Measure the voltage output using
the DVM. Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3a) until the DVM reading is
as close as possible to +10V.
16.Send CAL:ZERO to prepare for current calibration. After sending the command, the BOP output will be set to zero volts. Refer to Figure 4-2 to connect the C terminals of the Kelvin type
sense resistor to the BOP and connect the DVM to the P (probe) terminals of the sense
resistor ((LO terminal of DVM to common P terminal). Table 4-4 provides recommended
sense resistor values for various BOP current outputs, as well as the formula for calculating
expected measured values and tolerances for any sense resistor other than those recommended. Table 4-2 lists Kepco and Manufacturer part numbers for those sense resistors recommended.
WARNING
The sense resistor will be dissipating full rated current of the BOP. If
it is hot to the touch, the sense resistor value, power rating and/or
cooling are incorrect; refer to PAR. 4.3 and Table 4-2.
FIGURE 4-2.
CURRENT SHUNT (SENSE RESISTOR) CONNECTIONS
17.Set the BOP to zero volts across the sense resistor (corresponding to zero current) by sending CAL:CURR ZERO. Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3a) until the
reading is as close to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT
ZERO.
18.Set the BOP to maximum positive output current by sending CAL:CURR MAX. Measure the
current by reading the voltage across the sense resistor. To adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) to adjust the BOP output until the DVM reads as close as
4-8
BOP-1K 101509
possible above the nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for +FULL
SCALE CURRENT.
19.Set the BOP to maximum negative output current by sending CAL:CURR MIN. Continue to
measure the output current of the supply using the DVM connected to the sense resistor. To
adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) to adjust the BOP output
until the DVM reads as close as possible above (absolute value) the nominal full scale value
within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for –FULL SCALE CURRENT.
20.Send CAL:CPR MAX to adjust the maximum positive current protection limit of the power
supply. To adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3c) to adjust the BOP
output until the DVM reads as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for +FULL SCALE CPR LIMIT.
21.Send CAL:CPR MIN to adjust the minimum (maximum negative) current protection limit of
the power supply. To adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3c) to
adjust the BOP output until the DVM reads as close as possible above (absolute value) the
nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for –FULL SCALE CPR LIMIT.
22.Send CAL:ZERO to set the BOP output to zero. Connect 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage to
external reference pin 11 referenced to pin 4 (SGND) of the BOP analog I/O port (A2A5J6).
Set the BOP to zero volts across the sense resistor (corresponding to zero current) by sending CAL:CEXT ZERO. Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3a) until the
reading is as close to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT
ZERO.
23.Replace the 0V d-c reference applied to analog I/O port A2A5J6 pin 11 with a +10V ±0.1mV
d-c reference voltage. Set the BOP to maximum positive output current by sending
CAL:CEXT MAX. Measure the current by reading the voltage across the sense resistor. To
adjust, send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) to adjust the BOP output
until the DVM reads as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within tolerance
specified in Table 4-4 for +FULL SCALE CURRENT.
24.Replace the +10V d-c reference applied to analog I/O port A2A5J6 pin 11 with a 0V ±0.1mV
d-c reference voltage. Set the BOP to zero volts across the sense resistor (corresponding to
zero current) by sending CAL:CGA ZERO. Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see
PAR. 4.3a) until the reading is as close to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table
4-4 for CURRENT ZERO.
25.Replace the 0V d-c reference applied to analog I/O port A2A5J6 pin 11 with a +10V ±0.1mV
d-c reference voltage. Set the BOP to maximum positive output current by sending CAL:CGA
MAX. Measure the current by reading the voltage across the sense resistor. To adjust, send
CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) to adjust the BOP output until the DVM
reads as close as close to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT ZERO.
26.Set the BOP to zero amperes output by sending CAL:CLIM ZERO., then connect 0V ±0.1mV
d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source to ILIM+_EXTERNAL and
ILIM-_EXTERNAL pins, pins 5 and 13, referenced to pin 12 (GND1) of the BOP analog I/O
connector (A2A5J6). Then send the CAL:ZERO command. This enables the BOP to recognize that the voltage at the ILIM_EXTERNAL pins is 0V.
BOP-1K 101509
4-9
27.Connect +10.0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source to
ILIM+_EXTERNAL and ILIM-_EXTERNAL, pins 5 and 13, referenced to pin 12 (GND1) of
the BOP analog I/O connector (A2A5J6). Then send CAL:CLIM MAX, then CAL:ZERO commands. This enables the BOP to recognize that the voltage at the ILIM+_EXTERNAL pin is
10.0V.
28.Set the BOP to minimum (maximum negative) output by sending CAL:VLIM MIN, then send
the CAL:ZERO command. This enables the BOP to recognize that the voltage at the VLIM_EXTERNAL pin is 10.0V.
29.Send CAL:ZERO to prepare for calibration of IOUT_M_UNIT (master output) control signal.
Connect the DVM to pin 6 (IOUT_M_UNIT) referenced to pin 1 (SGND) of the PAR/SER
CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3). Set the BOP to zero output current by sending
CAL:IOUT ZERO. Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) to adjust the
BOP output until the DVM reads 0V ±1mV.
30.Set the BOP to maximum positive output current by sending CAL:IOUT MAX. With the DVM
still connected to pin 6 (IOUT_M_UNIT) referenced to pin 1 (SGND) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector measure the voltage output using the DVM. Send CAL:DATA commands
as needed (see PAR. 4.2.1a) until the DVM reading is +10V ±1.0mV.
31.Send CAL:ZERO to prepare for calibration of S_IN_PARALLEL (slave input) control signal.
Connect a 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 3 (S_IN_PARALLEL) referenced to pin 1 (SGND)
of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3). Set the BOP to zero output current by
sending CAL:PAR ZERO. Connect the DVM across the sense resistor to measure the BOP
output current and send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3b) to adjust the
BOP output current until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT ZERO.
NOTE: Accuracy of the 10V d-c reference must be ±0.1mV in order for the calibrated unit to
meet published specifications.
32.Connect a +10V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 3 (S_IN_PARALLEL) referenced to pin 1
(SGND) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3). Set the BOP to maximum positive output current by sending CAL:PAR MAX. Measure the output current using the DVM.
Send CAL:DATA commands as needed (see PAR. 4.3a) until the DVM reading is as specified in Table 4-3 for +FULL SCALE CURRENT.
33.Save the calibration levels by sending CAL:SAVE 12/21/2003. The characters at the end
are optional and represent the calibration date of the power supply. The date entered in this
manner is reported in the *idn? query.
4.4
CALIBRATION USING FRONT PANEL KEYPAD IN LOCAL MODE
The following paragraphs describe the screens and keys used in the calibration process.
4.4.1
UNDERSTANDING THE CALIBRATION PROCESS
The following steps describe the calibration screens, and associated keys active during the calibration process. Refer to PAR. 4.4.2 for full calibration procedure.
1. From the power-up screen, press
bration and press !.
4-10
% to enter the General Setup menu, then highlight Cali-
BOP-1K 101509
2. Enter the password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4), and press !, The LCD shows main calibration
screen (Figure 4-3) which includes explanations for the following function keys:
•
! - VOLTAGE - Selects the voltage calibration of the BOP.
•
@ - CURRENT - Starts the calibration for the BOP in current mode.
•
# - EXTRL CONTROLS - Selects input and output signal calibration used for multiple
units and the external protection.
•
$ - SAVE - Save New Calibration Setting. The information in the DATE field is saved
with the Calibration.
•
% or ENTER - EXIT
FIGURE 4-3.
MAIN CALIBRATION SCREEN
3. Press either ! or @ to initiate Voltage or Current calibration, respectively. To calibrate
multiple units refer to the Instruction Manual Included with the associated parallel or series
connection cable kit. The LCD shows the explanations for the following function keys:
•
! - INTERNAL - Selects the voltage calibration of the BOP.
•
@ - GAIN - Starts the calibration of the external gain mode of the power supply.
•
# - EXTERNAL - Starts the external reference calibration.
•
$ - PROTECT - Starts the protection limits calibration of the power supply.
•
% or ENTER - EXIT - Exit Voltage or Current Calibration
4. Pressing !, @, #, or $ displays following explanations for the function keys:
BOP-1K 101509
4-11
CAUTION: IF THE CALIBRATE ZERO ! FUNCTION IS AVAILABLE, PERFORM THIS
FUNCTION FIRST, AS IT AFFECTS ALL OTHER OUTPUT CALIBRATIONS.
•
! - Calibrate the Zero adjustment for this operational mode. IF THIS FUNCTION IS
AVAILABLE, PERFORM THIS FUNCTION FIRST, AS IT AFFECTS ALL OTHER OUTPUT calibrations.
•
@ - Adjust the MAXIMUM (Positive) for this operational mode.
•
# - Adjusts the MINIMUM (Negative) for this operational mode
•
$ - PROTECT - Adjusts External Protection limits. (Active for EXTERNAL screen only.)
•
% or ENTER to exit this menu.
5. Selecting one of the above options begins calibrating the output. The screen describes the
function of the active keys:
•
! - or clockwise rotation of the ADJUST control adjust the output by approximately 10
increments in the positive direction.
•
@ - or clockwise rotation of the ADJUST control while pressed adjusts the output by
one increment in the positive direction.
•
# - or counterclockwise rotation of the ADJUST control adjusts the output by 10 increments in the negative direction.
•
$ - or counterclockwise rotation of the ADJUST control adjust the output by approximately 10 increments in the negative direction.
•
% - Exits the active calibration and allows you to select other calibrations that are
required.
4.4.2
•
Y - Increments the output D to A by 100, causing the output to increase.
•
U - Decrements the output D to A by 100, causing the output to decrease.
CALIBRATION PROCEDURE USING LOCAL MODE
NOTES:
1. For ZERO calibration, adjust output to obtain value closest to zero.
2. For FULL SCALE calibration adjust the output to obtain the closest value above
(absolute value) the nominal full scale value.
3. Set the unit for local sensing with GND Network in (see Figure 4-1) and disconnect load from BOP output.
4. When adjustment is needed refer to PAR. 4.4.1, step 5.
1. From the power-up screen, press ! to enter the General Setup menu, then highlight Calibration and press !. Enter the password (see PAR. 3.2.4.4), and press !, The LCD
shows main calibration screen.
4-12
BOP-1K 101509
2. Press ! - VOLTAGE, ! - INTERNAL, @ - ZERO to set the BOP to zero volts output.
Connect a Digital Voltmeter (DVM) to the BOP OUT S and COM S terminals to measure the
output voltage. Adjust the BOP output as needed until the DVM reads as close to zero as
possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO. Press % once.
3. Press @ - POSITIVE. Measure the voltage output using the DVM. Adjust as needed until
the DVM reading is as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within the tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for +FULL SCALE VOLTAGE. Press % once.
4. Press # - NEGATIVE to set the BOP to maximum negative output voltage and adjust as
needed until the reading is as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within the
limits specified in Table 4-3 for –FULL SCALE VOLTAGE. Press % twice.
5. Press $ - PROTECT, @ - POSITIVE to adjust the maximum positive voltage protection
limit of the power supply while working in current mode. Adjust as needed until the reading is
as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within the limits specified in Table 4-3
for +FULL SCALE VPR LIMIT. Press % once.
6. Press # - NEGATIVE to adjust the maximum negative protection limit of the power supply.
Adjust as needed until the reading is as close as possible above the nominal full scale value
within the limits specified in Table 4-3 for –FULL SCALE VPR LIMIT. Press % three times.
7. Press # - EXTRL CONTROLS, $ - EXTERN PROTECT, ! - ZERO to set the BOP to
zero volts output. Connect 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source
to the following pins of analog I/O connector (A2A5J6) referenced to pin 12 (GND1):
VLIM+_EXTERNAL (pin 14), VLIM–_EXTERNAL (pin 6), ILIM+_EXTERNAL (pin 13), ILIM–
_EXTERNAL (pin 5). Then press ! - ZERO. This enables the BOP to recognize that the
voltage at the four _EXTERNAL pins (14, 6, 13, and 5) is 0V. Press % once.
NOTE: Accuracy of the 10V d-c reference must be ±0.1mV in order for the calibrated unit to
meet published specifications.
8. Replace 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage at pins 14, 6, 13, and 5 with +10.0V ±0.1mV d-c
reference voltage from the external voltage source referenced to pin 12 (GND1) of the analog I/O connector (A2A5J6), then press @ - MAXIMUM. This enables the BOP to recognize
that the voltage at the four _EXTERNAL pins (14, 6, 13, and 5) is 10.0V. Then press %
three times.
9. Disconnect +10.0V d-c reference voltage from pins 14, 6, 13 and 6 of analog I/O connector
(A2A5J6). Connect a +0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage to EXT_REF, pin 11, referenced to
pin 12 (GND1), of the BOP analog I/O port (A2A5J6).
10.Press ! - VOLTAGE, # - EXTERNAL, ! - ZERO to set the BOP to zero volts output.
Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible within the limits specified
in Table 4-4 for VOLTAGE ZERO. Press % twice.
11. Press @ - GAIN, ! - ZERO to set the BOP to zero volts output. Adjust as needed until the
DVM reads as close to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for VOLTAGE
ZERO. Press % twice.
12.Connect +10.0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source to
EXT_REF, pin 11, referenced to pin 4 (SGND) of Analog I/O Port connector (A2A5J6), Press
@ - GAIN, @ - POSITIVE. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO. Press % twice.
BOP-1K 101509
4-13
13.Press # - EXTERNAL, @ - POSITIVE. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close as
possible above the nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for +FULL
SCALE VOLTAGE. Press % three times.
14.Connect a 0V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 8 (S_IN_SERIAL) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN
connector (A2A5J3) referenced to pin 1 (use mating connector supplied with the unit, P/N
142-0488 to gain access to PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector pins). Press # - EXTERNAL CONTROLS, @ - SERIES, and ! - ZERO to set the BOP output to zero volts. Adjust
as needed until DVM reads within tolerance specified in Table 4-3 for VOLTAGE ZERO.
Press % once when done.
15.Connect a –10.0V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 8 (S_IN_SERIAL) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3) referenced to pin 1. Press @ - POSITIVE to set the BOP to
+10.0V output. Adjust as needed until DVM reads as close as possible to +10V. Press %
three times when done.
16.Refer to Figure 4-2 to connect the C terminals of the Kelvin type sense resistor to the BOP
and connect the DVM to the P (probe) terminals of the sense resistor ((LO terminal of DVM
to common P terminal). Table 4-4 provides recommended sense resistor values for various
BOP current outputs, as well as the formula for calculating expected measured values and
tolerances for any sense resistor other than those recommended. Table 4-2 lists Kepco and
Manufacturer part numbers for those sense resistors recommended.
WARNING
The sense resistor will be dissipating full rated current of the BOP. If
it is hot to the touch, the sense resistor value, power rating and/or
cooling are incorrect; refer to PAR. 4.4 and Table 4-2.
17.Press @ - CURRENT, ! - INTERNAL, ! - ZERO to set the BOP to zero volts across the
sense resistor (corresponding to zero current). Adjust as needed until the reading is as close
to zero as possible within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT ZERO. Press %
once.
18.Press @ - POSITIVE to set the BOP to maximum positive output current. Measure the current by reading the voltage across the sense resistor. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads
as close as possible above the nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 44 for +FULL SCALE CURRENT. Press % once.
19.Press # - NEGATIVE to set the BOP to maximum negative output current. Continue to
measure the output current of the supply using the DVM connected to the sense resistor.
Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close as possible above the nominal full scale
value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for –FULL SCALE CURRENT. Press % twice.
20.Press $ - PROTECT, @ - POSITIVE to set to adjust the maximum positive current protection limit of the power supply in voltage mode. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as
close as possible above the nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4
for +FULL SCALE CPR LIMIT. Press % once.
21.Press # - NEGATIVE to adjust the minimum (maximum negative) current protection limit of
the power supply. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close as possible above the
nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for –FULL SCALE CPR LIMIT.
Press % twice.
4-14
BOP-1K 101509
22.Connect a +0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage to external reference, A2A5J6 pin 11, referenced to pin 12 (GND1) of the BOP analog I/O port.
23.Press # - EXTERNAL, ! - ZERO to set the BOP to zero volts across the sense resistor
(corresponding to zero current). Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close to zero as
possible within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT ZERO. Press % twice.
24.Press @ - GAIN, ! - ZERO to set the BOP to zero volts across the sense resistor (corresponding to zero current). Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible
within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT ZERO. Press % twice.
25.Connect +10.0V ±0.1mV d-c reference voltage from the external voltage source to External
reference, pin 11, referenced to pin 4 (SGND) of the BOP Analog I/O Port connector
(A2A5J6), Press @ - GAIN, @ - POSITIVE. Measure the current by reading the voltage
across the sense resistor. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close to zero as possible
within the limits specified in Table 4-4 for CURRENT ZERO. Press % twice.
26.Press # - EXTERNAL, @ - POSITiVE. Measure the current by reading the voltage across
the sense resistor. Adjust as needed until the DVM reads as close as possible above the
nominal full scale value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for +FULL SCALE CURRENT.
Press % three times.
27.Connect the DVM to pin 6 (IOUT_M_UNIT) referenced to pin 1 (SGND) of the PAR/SER
CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3). Press # - EXTRL CONTROLS, ! - Iout, and ! ZERO to set the BOP output current to zero. Adjust as needed until DVM reads 0V ±1mV
d-c. Press % once.
28.Press @ - POSITIVE. With DVM still connected to pin 6 (IOUT_M_UNIT) referenced to pin
1 (SGND) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector, adjust as needed until DVM reads +10V
±1mV d-c. Press % twice.
29.Connect a 0V ±0.1mV reference to pin 3 (S_IN_PARALLEL) referenced to pin 1 (SGND) of
the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3). Press # - PARALLEL, and ! - ZERO to
set the BOP output current to zero. Connect DVM across the sensing resistor. Adjust as
needed until DVM reads as close to zero as possible within tolerance specified in Table 4-4
for CURRENT ZERO. Press % once.
NOTE: Accuracy of the +10V d-c reference must be ±0.1mV d-c in order for the calibrated unit
to meet published specifications.
30.Connect a +10.0V ±0.1mV d-c reference to pin 3 (S_IN_PARALLEL) of the PAR/SER CONTROL IN connector (A2A5J3). Press @ - POSITIVE to set the BOP to maximum output current. Adjust as needed until DVM reads as close as possible above the nominal full scale
value within tolerance specified in Table 4-4 for +FULL SCALE CURRENT. Press % three
times.
31.Save the calibration levels by first using the keys or the ADJUST control to enter data such
as the calibration date, e.g., 12/21/2004 in the ASCII area of the display. The date entered
in this manner is reported in the *idn? query. Then press $ - SAVE.
BOP-1K 101509
4-15
4.4.3
CALIBRATION USING VISA DRIVER SOFT PANEL
Refer to help text included with VISA Driver. Calibration of series-connected or parallel-connected configurations is not supported by the demonstration program supplied with the VISA
Driver soft panel, stand-alone calibrations may be performed using the VISA driver soft panel.
4.5
CALIBRATION STORAGE
The BIOPO maintains the calibration tables in Flash Memory until a PACK is executed. There
are six calibration areas maintained in Flash Memory: Working, Prior, Oldest, Factory, Master,
and First.
The calibration can be copied to another area using the CAL:DUMP? and CAL:COPY command. The syntax is as follows: CAL:DUMP? [source];:CAL:COPY [destination], where [source]
and [destination] refer to the areas of Flash memory where calibration data is stored, designated
as: WORKing, PRIor, OLDest, FACTory, MASTer, FIRst. Source refers to the calibration area
that is to be copied, destination to the area that the calibration will be copied into.
The ability to save to the FACTORY area is prohibited. If a user needs to overwrite the factory
calibration, a special firmware needs to be created to provide a special password for this capability. Each customer that requests this capability will be provided a password that the company
can specify. it must contain at least one alpha, one numeric and one punctuation character
(!@#$%^&*) and be at least 6 characters long and not longer than 20 characters in length. All
alpha data must be upper case and no control nor space characters are allowed.
The Master calibration should never be overwritten. Factory, Master, and First are set to the
same values when the BOP is calibrated at the factory. The Working calibration is the active calibration. Each time a CAL:SAV is executed, the values are saved in the Working (active) area.
At the same time, the values previously stored in Working are moved to Prior, and the values
previously stored in Prior are moved to Oldest. The values previously stored in Oldest are no
longer available. Table 4-5 illustrates calibration storage and the use of the CAL:DUMP? query
and CAL:COPY command.
TABLE 4-5. CALIBRATION STORAGE
COMMAND
WORKing
PRIor
OLDest
FACTory
MASTer
FIRst
Factory cal.
Master cal.
First cal.
No Change
No Change
No Change
1. CAL:SAVE
Cal 1 values
2. CAL:SAVE
Cal 2 values
Cal 1 values
3. CAL:SAVE
Cal 3 values
Cal 2 values
Cal 1 values
No Change
No Change
No Change
4. CAL:SAVE
Cal 4 values
Cal 3 values
Cal 2 values
No Change
No Change
No Change
5. CAL:DUMP? FACTory;:CAL:COPY WORKing
Factory cal.
Cal 4 values
Cal 3 values
No Change
No Change
No Change
6. CAL:DUMP? PRIor;:CAL:COPY WORKing
Cal 4 values
Factory cal.
Cal 4 values
No Change
No Change
No Change
4-16
BOP-1K 101509
APPENDIX A - SCPI COMMON COMMAND/QUERY DEFINITIONS
A.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix defines the SCPI common commands and queries used with the BOP power supply.
Common commands and queries are preceded by an asterisk (*) and are defined and explained in
paragraphs A.2 through A.18, arranged in alphabetical order. Table A-1 provides a quick reference
of all SCPI common commands and queries used in the Interface Card.
TABLE A-1. IEEE 488.2 COMMAND/QUERY INDEX
A.2
COMMAND
PAR.
COMMAND
PAR.
*CLS
A.2
*RST
A.11
*ESE, ?
A.3, A.4
*SAV
A.12
*ESR?
A.5
*SRE, ?
A.13, A.14
*IDN?
A.6
*STB?
A.15
*OPC, ?
A.7, A.8
*TRG
A.16
*OPT?
A.9
*TST?
A.17
*RCL
A.10
*WAI
A.18
*CLS
*CLS — CLEAR STATUS COMMAND
Syntax:
*CLS
Description: Clears status data. Clears the error queue of the instrument. Forces power supply to “operation complete idle” state. Clears all Event Registers summarized in Status Byte Register without affecting the
corresponding Enable Registers: Standard Event Status Register (ESR), Operation Status Event Register, Questionable Status Event Register, and Status Byte Register (STB). Related commands: *OPC,
*OPC?. (See example, Figure A-1.)
A.3
*ESE
*ESE — STANDARD EVENT STATUS ENABLE COMMAND
Syntax:
*ESE <integer> where <integer> = positive whole number: 0 to 255 per Table A-2.
Default Value: 0
Description: This command programs the standard Event Status Enable register bits. The contents function
as a mask to determine which events of the Event Status Register (ESR) are allowed to set the ESB
(Event Summary Bit) of the Status Byte Register. Enables the Standard events to be summarized in
the Status Byte register (1 = set = enable function, 0 = reset = disable function). All of the enabled
events of the standard Event Status Enable register are logically ORed to cause ESB (bit 5) of the Status Byte Register to be set (1 = set = enable, 0 = reset = disable). (See example, Figure A-1.)
TABLE A-2. STANDARD EVENT STATUS ENABLE REGISTER AND STANDARD
EVENT STATUS REGISTER BITS
BIT 4886 101509
CONDITION
NU
NU
CME
EXE
DDE
QUE
NU
OPC
BIT
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
VALUE
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
NU
CME
EXE
DDE
QUE
OPC
(Not Used)
Command Error
Execution Error
Device Dependent Error
Query Error
Operation Complete
A-1
A.4
*ESE? — STANDARD EVENT STATUS ENABLE QUERY
Syntax:
*ESE?
*ESE?
Return value: Integer> value per Table A-2.
Description: Returns the mask stored in the Standard Event Status Enable Register. Contents of Standard
Event Status Enable register (*ESE) determine which bits of Standard Event Status register (*ESR)
are enabled, allowing them to be summarized in the Status Byte register (*STB). All of the enabled
events of the Standard Event Status Enable Register are logically ORed to cause ESB (bit 5) of the
Status Byte Register to be set (1 = set = enable function, 0 = reset = disable function). (See example,
Figure A-1.)
A.5
*ESR? — EVENT STATUS REGISTER QUERY
Syntax:
*ESR?
*ESR?
Return value: <integer> (Value = contents of Event Status register as defined in Table A-2.)
Description: Causes the power supply to return the contents of the Standard Event Status register. After it
has been read, the register is cleared. The Standard Event Status register bit configuration is
defined in Table A-2 (1 = set, 0 = reset). The error bits listed in Table A-2 are also related to error
codes produced during parsing of messages and to errors in the power supply (see PAR. B.130)
•
Any 1xx type error sets the Command error bit (5) see.
•
Any 2xx type error sets the Execution error bit (4).
•
Any 3xx type error sets the Device error bit (3). The Device error bit will be set when Current Error
or Voltage Error is detected and the corresponding Status Questionable bit is set (see PAR. B.28).
•
Any 4xx type error sets the Query error bit (2).
Related Commands: *CLS, *ESE, *OPC. (See example, Figure A-1.)
A.6
*IDN? — IDENTIFICATION QUERY
Syntax:
*IDN?
*IDN?
Return value: Character string
Description: Identifies the instrument. This query requests identification. The power supply returns a string
which contains the manufacturer name, the model, the serial number and the firmware level. The
character string contains the following fields: <Manufacturer>, <Model>, <Voltage>, <Current>,
<Serial Number>, <Main revision>-<Flash revision> where: <Manufacturer> = KEPCO, <Model> =
BOP 1000W, <Serial Number> = SSSSSS <date> = (string of up to 12 contiguous characters denoting
calibration date) <Main revision=n.m, (e.g, 1.0) > (See example, Figure A-1.)
A.7
*OPC — OPERATION COMPLETE COMMAND
Syntax:
*OPC
*OPC
Description: Causes power supply to set status bit 0 (Operation Complete) to “0” indicating the unit is busy.
When pending operations are complete this status bit is set to “1.” This command sets Standard
Event Status Register bit 0 (see Table A-2) to “0.” Subsequent *OPC? commands return “0” until all
three microprocessors are idle, indicating that all previous commands have been executed and
changes in output level have been completed. When all microprocessors are idle, *OPC? return “1.”
*OPC? must be proceeded by *OPC to first clear status bit 0, otherwise the *OPC? will return a “1”
that has no meaning. This command does not prevent processing of subsequent commands, but bit 0
will not be set until all pending operations are completed. (1 = set = enable function, 0 = reset = disable function). (See example, Figure A-1.) As an example, the controller sends command(s), then
sends *OPC. If controller then sends *ESR?, the power supply responds with either a “0” (if the power
supply is busy executing the programmed commands), or a “1” (if the previously programmed commands are complete). (See example, Figure A-1.)
A-2
BIT 4886 101509
A.8
*OPC? — OPERATION COMPLETE QUERY
Syntax:
*OPC?
*OPC?
Return value: <1 or 0> (ASCII)
0 placed in output queue if power supply has not completed operation after prior *OPC command.
1 placed in output queue when power supply has completed operation.
Description: Indicates when pending operations have been completed. *OPC command must be sent to first to
clear status bit 0 (Operation Complete). *OPC? will return “0” until all pending operations are complete
(all previous commands have been executed and changes in output level have been completed) At
that time *OPC? will return “1.” Unlike the *WAI command (see PAR. A.18), subsequent commands
are not inhibited while status bit 0 is “0.” *OPC? is intended to be used at the end of a command line
so that the application program can monitor the bus for data until it receives the “1” from the power
supply Output Queue. (See example, Figure A-1.)
*CLS
*ESE 60
Power supply clears status data.
Power supply enables bits 5, 4, 3 and 2, allowing command error, execution
error, device dependent error and query error to set the Event Status
Summary bit when an STB command is executed.
*ESE?
Returns 60, (value of the mask) verifying that bits 5, 4, 3 and 2 are enabled.
*ES
Unknown command will set command error (Bit 5).
*ESR?
Returns 33 (bit 5 set), indicating Command Error has occurred since the last
time the register was read. Bit 1 indicates operation complete (OPC).
*IDN?
Power supply returns: KEPCO, BOP_1000W 36-28 123456 1.43.
*OPC
Allows status bit 0 to be set when pending operations complete.
OUTP ON;:VOLT 21;CURR 3;*WAI ;*OPC?
If unit is in voltage mode, sets output voltage to 21V, output current protection
limit to 3A. *OPC? will return a 1 indicating the command has been processed.
by the BOP.
*ESR?
Returns 1, (operation complete, bit 1 = 1).
*ESR?
Returns 0 (event status register cleared by prior *ESR?).
VOLT 15;CURR 5;*OPC? Sets output voltage to 15V, output current protection limit to 5A, puts “1” on
output bus when command operations are complete.
*RST
Power supply reset to power on default state including TRIG:SOUR IMM.
*SRE 40
When ESB or QUES bits are set (Table A-3), the Request for Service bit will
be set.
*SRE?
Returns the value of the mask (40).
*STB?
For example, the Power supply responds with 96 (64 + 32) if MSS and the
Event Status Byte (Table A-3) summary bit have been set. The power
supply returns 00 if no bits have been set.
OUTP ON
Programmed voltage will be applied to output terminals.
VOLT 25
Power supply voltage commanded to 25V.
*WAI
Next command (VOLT:TRIG 12) cannot be executed until VOLT 25
is complete.
TRIG:SOUR BUS
Selects *TRG commands to be used to trigger the unit.
VOLT:TRIG 12
Programs power supply voltage to 12V when *TRG received.
INIT
Trigger event is initialized.
*TRG
Power supply reverts to commanded output voltage of 12V.
** LOAD DISCONNECTED
*TST?
Power supply executes self test and responds with 0 if test completed
successfully, with 1 if test failed.
FIGURE A-1.
BIT 4886 101509
GPIB COMMANDS
A-3
A.9
*OPT?
*OPT? — OPTIONS QUERY
Syntax:
*OPT?
Returns string determined by power supply model.
Description: Causes the power supply to return an ASCII string which defines the functionality of the power
supply. The functionality is defined as follows:
STRING DATA
CCAL
RL1
MEANING
Support for limit calibrations is present.
Commands sent over GPIB cause unit to enter remote mode.
MEMM
Computer location commands are supported.
LSTAPL
LIST Apply command is supported.
A.10 *RCL — RECALL COMMAND
Syntax:
*RCL
*RCL <integer> (1 to 99)
Description: Restores power supply to previously defined levels of output voltage, output current and triggers. This command selects one of the 99 power supply memory locations, each of which stores values for output current and output voltage. Executing a *RCL recalls the stored settings (see *SAV,
PAR. A.12, for details) from the specified location (whether stored locally or using SCPI commands)
and applies them to the unit.
A.11
*RST — RESET COMMAND
Syntax:
*RST
*RST
Description: Resets power supply to the power on default state. The power supply output set to power-on
default state (see PAR. 3.3.7): fixed voltage mode, 0 volts, current protect at minimum (box) value and
TRIG:SOUR to IMM. The factory default setting also insures the output is in the off condition. Other
commands such as *CLS are affected by *RST. The specific commands that are affected and what
occurs are explained in PAR. 3.5.3.1.3 and Table 3-17. After sending *RST it is necessary to send
OUTPut ON for programmed values to appear at the output.
A.12 *SAV — SAVE COMMAND
Syntax:
*SAV
*SAV <integer> (1 to 99)
Description: Saves the present state of output voltage and output current to the specified memory location.
This command stores the present state of the power supply to one of 99 memory locations in Flash
Memory (see PAR. 3.6.3.7). The following parameters are stored by *SAV: FUNC:MODE,
VOLT:MODE, CURR:MODE, VOLT:PROT, and CURR:PROT. Settings stored are:
•
Mode of operation (Voltage, Current or External) FUNC:MODE < >
•
Main channel reference type (internal or external) and setting (if internal)
VOLT:MODE < > or CURR:MODE < >, VOLT < > or CURR < >
•
Protection channel reference type (internal or external) and setting (if internal)
VOLT:PROT:MODE < > or CURR:PROT:MODE < >, VOLT:PROT < > or CURR:PROT < >
•
Output status (on or off) OUTP < >
The stored values can be restored by the *RCL command. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
A-4
BIT 4886 101509
*SRE
A.13 *SRE — SERVICE REQUEST ENABLE COMMAND
Syntax:
*SRE<integer>
grammed.
where <integer> = value from 0 - 255 per Table A-3, except bit 6 cannot be pro-
Description: Sets the condition of the Service Request Enable register. The Service Request Enable register
determines which events of the Status Byte Register are summed into the MSS (Master Status Summary) and RQS (Request for Service) bits. RQS is the service request bit that is cleared by a serial
poll, while MSS is not cleared when read. A "1" (1 = set = enable, 0 = reset = disable) in any Service
Request Enable register bit position enables the corresponding Status Byte bit to set the RQS and
MSS bits. All the enabled Service Request Enable register bits then are logically ORed to cause Bit 6
of the Status Byte Register (MSS/RQS) to be set. Related Commands: *SRE?, *STB?. (See example, Figure A-1.)
TABLE A-3. SERVICE REQUEST ENABLE AND STATUS BYTE REGISTER BITS
CONDITION
OPER
MSS
RQS
BIT
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
VALUE
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
ESB
MAV
QUES
ERR
QUE
LIST
RUN
BUSY
BUSY
LIST RUN
OPER
MSS
RQS
ESB
MAV
QUES
ERR QUE
A.14 *SRE? — SERVICE REQUEST ENABLE QUERY
Syntax:
*SRE?
Busy
List is running
Operation Status Summary
Master Status Summary
Request for Service
Event Status Byte summary
Message available
QUEStionable Status Summary
1 or more errors occurred (see
PAR. B.130)
*SRE?
Response: <integer> = value from 0 - 255 per Table A-3.
Description: Reads the Service Enable Register. Used to determine which events of the Status Byte Register are
programmed to cause the power supply to generate a service request (1 = set = function enabled, 0 =
reset = function disabled). Related Commands: *SRE, *STB? (See example, Figure A-1.)
A.15 *STB? — STATUS BYTE REGISTER QUERY
Syntax:
*STB?
*STB?
Response: <integer> value from 0 to 255 per Table A-3.
Description: Reads Status Byte Register without clearing it. This Query reads the Status Byte Register (bit 6 =
MSS) without clearing it (1 = set = function enabled, 0 = reset = function disabled). The register is
cleared only when subsequent action clears all set bits. MSS is set when the power supply has one
ore more reasons for requesting service. (A serial poll also reads the Status Byte Register, except that
bit 6 = RQS, not MSS; and RQS will be reset.) Related Commands: *SRE, *SRE?. (See example, Figure A-1.)
A.16 *TRG — TRIGGER COMMAND
Syntax:
*TRG
*TRG
Description: Triggers the power supply to be commanded to preprogrammed values of output current and
voltage. When the trigger is armed, *TRG generates a trigger signal if TRIG:SOUR is set to BUS and
the WTG bit in Status Operational Condition register (bit 5, Table B-3) is asserted. The trigger is armed
by sending a) INIT:CONT ON to continuously arm the trigger and allow subsequent *TRG commands
to generate the trigger signal or b) if INIT:CONT is set to OFF, sending INIT arms the system and
allows a *TRG to generate a single trigger. If *TRG is received while the trigger is not armed, the trigger is not produced and no error is generated.
The trigger will change the output of the power supply to the output voltage and current levels specified by VOLT:TRIG and CURR:TRIG commands and clear the WTG bit in the Status Operation Condition register. If INIT:CONT 1 (ON) has been issued, the trigger subsystem is immediately rearmed for
subsequent triggers, and the WTG bit is again set to 1. *TRG or GET are both addressed commands
(only devices selected as listeners will execute the command). If output is set to OFF, *TRG is ignored.
Related Commands: ABOR, INIT, TRIG, CURR:TRIG, VOLT:TRIG. (See example, Figure A-1.)
BIT 4886 101509
A-5
*TST?
A.17 *TST? — SELF TEST QUERY
Syntax:
Description:
*TST?
Returned value: 7 bits coded per Table A-4.
Power Supply test.This query causes the power supply to do a self test and provide the controller
with pass/fail results. A 0 is returned if the unit passes the test. If the unit fails, a number from 1
through 128 is returned to indicate the cause of the error. The test executes each of the subtests even
when any one fails. If any test fails an error code bit is set which is returned to the user. The error
codes returned are listed in Table A-4
TABLE A-4. BUILT-IN TEST ERROR CODES
TEST ACTIVE
ERROR CODES
*tst?
DIAG:TST?
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
BIT
0
Pass (No error)
0
1
ROM error
1
2
RAM error
Yes
2
4
FLASH error -- Perform calibration to correct
Yes
Yes
4
16
Analog Communication error
No
Yes
5
32
Loop Back Test error
No
Yes
6
64
Max Voltage Output error
No
Yes
7
128
Min Voltage Output error
A.18 *WAI — WAIT-TO-CONTINUE COMMAND
Syntax:
MEANING
VALUE
*WAI
*WAI
Response:
Description: Causes the power supply to wait until all previously issued commands and queries are complete before executing subsequent commands or queries. This command can be used to guarantee sequential execution of commands and queries. When all pending operations are complete (all
previous commands have been executed, changes in output level have been completed), the WAI
command is completed and execution of subsequent commands can continue.
A-6
BIT 4886 101509
APPENDIX B - SCPI COMMAND/QUERY DEFINITIONS
B.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix defines the SCPI subsystem commands and queries used with the BOP power supply. Subsystem commands are defined in PAR. B.3 through B.146, arranged in groups as they
appear in the tree diagram, Figure 3-18. Table B-1 provides a quick reference of all SCPI subsystem commands and queries used in the BOP.
TABLE B-1. SCPI SUBSYSTEM COMMAND/QUERY INDEX
COMMAND
PAR.
COMMAND
PAR.
ABOR
B.3
[SOUR:]LIST:CURR:APPL
B.54
CAL
B.4
[SOUR:]LIST:CURR:APPL:SWE, ?
B.55, B.56
INIT[:IMM]
B.5
[SOUR:]LIST:POIN?
B.57
INIT:CONT, ?
B.6, B.7
[SOUR:]LIST:DWEL, ?
B.58, B.59
MEAS:CURR?
B.8
[SOUR:]LIST:DWEL:POIN?
B.60
MEAS:MODE
B.9
[SOUR:]LIST:QUER, ?
B.61, B.62
MEAS:VOLT?
B.10
[SOUR:]LIST:REP
B.63
MEAS:TRAN?
B.11
[SOUR:]LIST:RES?
B.64
MEM:UPD
B.12
[SOUR:]LIST:SAMP:CURR
B.65
OUTP[:STAT], ?
B.13, B.14
[SOUR:]LIST:SAMP:VOLT
B.66
OUTP:MODE, ?
B.15, B.16
[SOUR:]LIST:SAMP?
B.67
[SOUR:]CURR, ?
B.17, B.18
[SOUR:]LIST:SET:SAMP, ?
B.68, B.69
[SOUR:]CURR:LIM[:BOTH], ?
B.19, B.20
[SOUR:]LIST:SET:TRIG, ?
B.70, B.71
[SOUR:]CURR:LIM:NEG, ?
B.21, B.22
[SOUR:]LIST:SET:WAIT, ?
B.72, B.73
[SOUR:]CURR:LIM:POS, ?
B.23, B.24
[SOUR:]LIST:TRIG:
B.74
[SOUR:]CURR:MODE, ?
B.25, B.26
[SOUR:]LIST:VOLT, ?
B.75, B.76
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT[:BOTH], ?
B.27, B.28
[SOUR:]LIST:VOLT:APPL
B.77
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT:MODE, ?
B.29, B.30
[SOUR:]LIST:VOLT:APPL:SWE, ?
B.78, B.79
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT:NEG, ?
B.31, B.32
[SOUR:]LIST:VOLT:POIN?
B.80
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT:POS, ?
B.33, B.34
[SOUR:]LIST:WAIT:HIGH
B.81
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT:LIM[:BOTH], ?
B.35, B.36
[SOUR:]LIST:WAIT:LEDG
B.82
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT:LIM:NEG, ?
B.37, B.38
[SOUR:]LIST:WAIT:LOW
B.83
[SOUR:]CURR:PROT:LIM:POS, ?
B.39, B.40
[SOUR:]VOLT, ?
B.84, B.85
[SOUR:]CURR:TRIG, ?
B.41, B.42
[SOUR:]VOLT:LIM[:BOTH], ?
B.86, B.87
[SOUR:]FUNC:MODE, ?
B.43, B.44
[SOUR:]VOLT:LIM:NEG, ?
B.88, B.89
[SOUR:]FUNC:MODE:TRIG, ?
B.45, B.46
[SOUR:]VOLT:LIM:POS, ?
B.90, B.91
[SOUR:]LIST:CLE
B.47
[SOUR:]VOLT:MODE, ?
B.92, B.93
[SOUR:]LIST:COUN, ?
B.48, B.49
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT[:BOTH], ?
B.94, B.95
[SOUR:]LIST:COUN:SKIP, ?
B.50, B.51
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT:MODE, ?
B.96, B.97
[SOUR:]LIST:CURR, ?
B.52, B.53
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT:NEG, ?
B.98, B.99
NOTE: Commands listed above that are followed by “, ?“ have a related query.
BOP-1K 101509
B-1
TABLE B-1. SCPI SUBSYSTEM COMMAND/QUERY INDEX (CONTINUED)
COMMAND
PAR.
COMMAND
PAR.
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT:POS, ?
B.100, B.101
SYST:COMM:SER:ECHO, ?
B.124, B.125
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT:LIM[:BOTH], ?
B.102, B.103
SYST:COMM:SER:PACE, ?
B.126, B.127
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT:LIM:NEG, ?
B.104, B.105
SYST:COMM:SER:PROM, ?
B.128, B.129
[SOUR:]VOLT:PROT:LIM:POS, ?
B.106, B.107
SYST:ERR?
B.130
[SOUR:]VOLT:TRIG
B.108, B.109
SYST:ERR:CODE? ALL?
B.131, B.132
STAT:OPER:COND?
B.110
SYST:KEYB, ?
B.133, B.134
STAT:OPER:ENAB, ?
B.111, B.112
SYST:PASS:CEN
B.135
STAT:OPER[:EVEN]?
B.113
SYST:PASS:CDIS
B.136
STAT:PRES
B.114
SYST:PASS:NEW
B.137
STAT:QUES[:EVEN]?
B.115
SYST:PASS:STAT
B.138
STAT:QUES:COND?
B.116
SYST:REM, ?
B.139, B.140
STAT:QUES:ENAB, ?
B.117, B.118
SYST:SEC:IMM
B.141
SYST:BEEP
B.120, B.121
SYST:SET, ?
B.142, B.143
SYST:COMM:GPIB:ADDR, ?
B.120, B.121
SYST:VERS?
B.144
SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD, ?
B.122, B.123
TRIG:SOUR, ?
B.145, B.146
NOTE: Commands listed above that are followed by “, ?“ have a related query.
B.2
NUMERICAL VALUES
For all decimal values the SCPI data parser of the BOP supports a maximum of eight digits after the decimal
point and a maximum of four digits before the decimal point. For example: If volt 10345.2e-1 is processed, the
output will become 34.52 volts because the unit only recognizes the first four digits preceding the decimal
point. Sending volt 0.0000034567e6 will result in the output being set to 3.45 volts because the unit only recognizes the first eight digits after the decimal point.
The unit can process any number between 6500.9999 and.000001. Any values greater than these are not processed by the device and a "120 - numeric data error" (see Table B-5) is generated. The largest string that can
be received or transmitted by the BOP is 253 characters. All numerical data is returned in scientific notation,
digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1.
The unit also supports keywords of MAXimum and MINImum to set the numeric entry to the most positive and
negative allowable values, respectively. For example, If the user has established the volt:limit to be 6, sending
the command VOLT MAX causes the output to be set to 6 volts. This syntax can be very useful in the setting of
a limit, e.g., VOLT:PROT:LIM MAX sets the positive voltage protection limit to the maximum voltage (EOmax +
1%) and the negative voltage protection limit to (-1.01 x EOmax).
B.3
ABOR
ABORt COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: ABOR
Long Form: ABORt
Description: Cancels previously armed trigger, resets WTG. if the trigger system is armed (INIT:CONT set to
OFF and INIT sent), sending ABORt disarms the trigger system so subsequent trigger commands
have no effect. If INIT:CONT ON has been programmed, this command has no effect. Related Commands: INIT, *TRG. (See example, Figure B-1.)
B.4
CAL COMMANDS AND QUERIES
CAL
CAL commands and queries are used to perform calibration of the unit via the control interface. These
commands must be issued in a specific sequence in order to properly calibrate the unit. To use these
commands, refer to Kepco’s website (www.kepcopower.com/drivers) and download the LabWindows/
CVI Version 5 driver for BOP or refer to PAR. 4.3.1. This file provides remote calibration capability and
uses the following supported commands and queries:
B-2
BOP-1K 101509
CAL:CEXT command
CAL:CGA command
CAL:CLIM command
CAL:CPR command
CAL:CURR[:DATA] command
CAL:DATA value command
CAL:DPOT command
CAL:SAVE command
B.5
INITiate[:IMMediate] COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: INIT:[IMM]
CAL:STAT command and query
CAL:VEXT command
CAL:VGA command
CAL:VLIM command
CAL:VOLT[:DATA] command
CAL:VPR command
CAL:ZERO command
INIT[:IMM]
Long Form: INITiate[:IMMediate]
Description: Enables a single trigger. This command enables a single trigger. A *TRG command completes the
sequence, however TRIG:SOUR (see PAR. B.145) must be set to BUS. Upon receipt of the *TRG
command, the power supply will return to the commanded values of voltage and current established
by the VOLT:TRIG and CURR:TRIG commands. After a *TRG command has been received, subsequent *TRG commands have no effect unless preceded by INIT or INIT:CONT ON. Related Commands: *TRG, TRIG, TRIG:SOUR. (See example, Figure B-1.)
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
2 Examples below are intended only to illustrate command functions. Refer to PAR. 3.5.2 for programming techniques to optimize performance.
OUTP ON
VOLT 21; CURR 1.5
INIT:CONT ON
INIT:CONT?
TRIG:SOUR BUS
VOLT:TRIG 15;CURR:TRIG 3
*TRG
VOLT 21; CURR 5E-2
MEAS:VOLT?
MEAS:CURR?
FUNC:MODE CURR
VOLT 21; CURR 1.1
CURR?
FUNC:MODE VOLT
CURR:TRIG?
VOLT:TRIG?
*TRG
INIT:CONT 0
INIT:CONT?
VOLT 0
MEAS:VOLT?
VOLT?
CURR?
MEAS:CURR?
BOP-1K 101509
Turns the output on.
Power supply output programmed to go to 21V, current limit 1.5A
Continuous triggers enabled.
Power supply returns “1.”
Prepare unit to wait for *TRG.
Power supply output programmed to return to 15V, current limit
3A upon receipt of trigger.
Power supply output returns to 15V,current limit 3A.
Power supply output programmed to go to 21V, current limit 0.05A
If actual value of output voltage is 20.99V, power supply
returns 2.099E1 within the limits of readback accuracy.
If actual value of output current is 0.0499A, power supply
returns 4.99E-2 within the limits of readback accuracy.
Establishes constant current mode as power supply operating mode.
Power supply programmed to voltage limit 21V, 1.1A.
Returns 1.1.
Establishes constant voltage mode as power supply operating mode.
Returns 3 (current value established by CURR:TRIG).
Returns 15 (voltage value established by VOLT:TRIG).
Power supply output returns to 15V, current limit 3A.
Triggers disabled.
Power supply returns “0.”
Power supply output programmed to go to 0V.
Returns 0 within the limits of readback accuracy (measured output
voltage).
Returns 0 within the limits of readback accuracy (programmed output
voltage).
Returns 3 (programmed current).
Returns 0 within the limits of readback accuracy (measured output
current)
FIGURE B-1. PROGRAMMING THE OUTPUT
B-3
B.6
INITiate:CONTinuous COMMAND
Syntax:
INIT:CONT
Short Form: INIT:CONT {ON | OFF} or {1 | 0} (1 = on, 0 = off)
Long Form: INITiate:CONTinuous {ON | OFF} or {1 | 0} (1 = on, 0 = off)
Description: INIT:CONT ON enables continuous triggers.; INIT:CONT OFF disables continuous triggers. If
INIT:CONT is OFF, then INIT[:IMM] arms the trigger system for a single trigger. If INIT:CONT is ON,
then the trigger system is continuously armed and INIT[:IMM] is redundant. While INIT:CONT is ON,
WTG (bit 5 of the Operation Status Condition register (See Table B-3) is always 1 if the TRIG:SOUR is
BUS. If TRIG:SOUR is set to EXT, WTG is reset to 0 when the trigger is generated, then set to 1 automatically by the unit. Unlike the BUS trigger source, the transitions in WTG status can be captured by
setting WTG (bit 5) in the Status Operation Enabled Register to cause the WTG bit to be set in the Status Operation Event register. (See example, Figure B-1.) Executing *RST sets the init:cont state to 0
or off and clears the WTG bit in the STATUS OPERATION REGISTER.
B.7
INIT:CONT?
INITiate:CONTinuous QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: INIT:CONT?
Return Value: 1 or 0
Long Form: INITiate:CONTinuous?
Description: Determines whether continuous triggers are enabled or disabled. Power supply returns value of
INIT:CONT flag: “1” = continuous triggers are enabled (INIT:CONT ON); “0” = continuous triggers disabled (INIT:CONT OFF). (See example, Figure B-1.)
B.8
MEASure[:SCALar]:CURRent[:DC]? QUERY
Syntax:
MEAS:CURR?
Short Form: MEAS[:SCAL]:CURR[:DC]?
Long Form: MEASure[:SCALar]:CURRent[:DC]?
Return Value: <num_value> (digits with decimal point and Exponent)
Description: Measures actual current. This query returns the actual value of output current as determined by the
programmed value of voltage and current and load conditions. (See example, Figure B-1.)
B.9
MEASure[:SCALar]:MODE[:DC] COMMAND
Syntax:
MEAS:MODE
Short Form: MEAS[:SCAL]:MODE[:DC] <int_value 50 or 60 or 125>
Long Form: MEASure[:SCALar]:MODE[:DC] <int_value 50 or 60 or 125>
Description: Determines measurement sampling rate. Value of 50, 60, or 125 and represents the sampling rate
(Hz) for measurements (MEAS:VOLT? and MEAS:CURR?). The meters LCD display normally uses a
60 Hertz sample rate, creating a sample of 1 cycle in length or 16.6 milliseconds. The 50 Hz sample
rate (20 millisecond sample) is used to display the slower graphic selections on the meter display, The
125 Hz sample rate (10 millisecond sample) is used for the three fastest graphic display selections.
B.10 MEASure[:SCALar]:VOLTage[:DC]? QUERY
Syntax:
MEAS:VOLT?
Short Form: MEAS[:SCAL]:VOLT[:DC]?
Long Form: MEASure[:SCALar]:VOLTage[:DC]?
Return Value: <num_value> (digits with decimal point and Exponent)
Description: Measures actual voltage. This query returns the actual value of output voltage (measured at the
sense terminals) as determined by the programmed value of voltage and current and load conditions.
(See example, Figure B-1.)
B.11
MEASure[:SCALar]:TRANsient[:DC]? QUERY
Syntax:
MEAS:TRAN?
Short Form: MEAS[:SCAL]:TRAN[:DC]? Long Form: MEASure[:SCALar]:TRANsient[:DC]?
Returns <exp_value>,<exp_value>, . . . <exp_value>
Description: Returns measured sample. Value returned represents either current or voltage depending on previous LIST. Up to eight comma-separated values may be returned. (See Figures B-2 and B-3.)
B-4
BOP-1K 101509
B.12 MEMory:UPDate COMMAND
Syntax:
MEM:UPD
Short Form: MEM:UPD {INT | LIM | SER | CONT | OUTP}
Long Form: MEMory:UPDate {INTerface | SERial | LIMits | CONTrast | OUTPut}
Description: Saves selected variables. MEM:UPD INT saves GPIB address, Language (SCPI or CIIL) and all
SYST:SET (PAR. B.142) variables. MEM:UPD SER saves the serial communication state, baud rate,
pace control and echo information. MEM:UPD LIM saves limits for voltage and current and the maximum allowable protection values for voltage and current. MEM:UPD CONT saves the display contrast
and background settings for the next power-up cycle. MEM:UPD OUTP saves the power supply on/off
state and the mode of operation. Related commands: SYST:COMM:GPIB:ADDR, SYST:LANG,
SYST:SET, VOLT:LIM, CURR:LIM, CURR:PROT:LIM, VOLT:PROT:LIM. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure
3-16 for special programming considerations.
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
2. This example creates a 5-Ampere, 100-millisecond current pulse and performs a current measurement during the last five milliseconds of the pulse.
list:cle
list:set:sample .0003125
list:curr:appl level,.095,5
list:sample:curr 16,5
list:sample?
list:curr:apply level,.001,0
list:count 1
func:mode curr
curr 0
volt 10
outp on
curr:mode list
Meas:tran?
FIGURE B-2.
BOP-1K 101509
Clear list.
establishes the sample timing. The value was determined by dividing the
sample time (0.005S) by the number of samples (16):
(0.005/16 = 0.0003125).
Creates the initial part of the current pulse. The time duration (0.0950000)
establishes where the sample is to begin. It is determined by multiplying
the (time per sample) x (number of samples) and subtracting it from the
total time of the pulse (100 milliseconds):
[0.1 - (.0003125 x (16) ) = .0950000]
Creates the sample of the waveform. The output level is 5 amperes and
the number of samples is 16.
Returns 60C indicating one sample will be taken after 60 points of a current list (indicated by the C).
Creates the end of the current pulse.
Sets the number of loops to one. NOTE Count MUST be set to 1 when
measuring a sample, otherwise error -100 “command error” will result.
NOTE: The following five commands execute the function:
Sets unit to constant current mode.
Sets current to 0 Amperes.
Sets voltage to 10 Volts.
Sets the output to ON.
Causes the list to be executed. Note that the four prior commands ensure
that the unit is working in current mode and has its output on before the
current pulse is sent.
After executing the list, this query returns the measured value of the sample, e.g., 5.0003E0 (5.0003 Amperes).
USING LIST COMMANDS TO MEASURE SAMPLE AT END OF PULSE
B-5
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
2. This example creates a 3-Ampere, 100-millisecond current pulse and performs a current measurement during the first five milliseconds of the pulse.
list:cle
list:set:sample .0003125
Clear list.
Establishes the sample timing. The value was determined by dividing the
sample time (0.005S) by the number of samples (16):
(0.005/16 = 0.0003125).
list:curr 0;:list:dwell .030
Establishes the list as a current list and sets dwell time for all points at 30
milliseconds.
list:sample:curr 16,3
Creates the sample of the waveform. The output level is 3 amperes and the
number of samples is 16.
list:CURR:appl level,.095,3
Creates the initial part of the level. It is established by multiplying the time
per sample times the number of samples (16) and subtracting it from the
total time of the pulse(100 milliseconds):
[0.1 - (.0003125 x (16) ] = .0950000]
list:curr:apply level,.001,0
Creates the end of the current pulse.
list:count 1
Sets the number of loops to one. NOTE: Count MUST be set to 1 when
measuring a sample, otherwise error -100 “command error” will result.
NOTE: The following five commands execute the function:
func:mode curr
Sets unit to constant current mode.
curr 0
Sets current to 0 Amperes.
volt 10
Sets voltage to 10 Volts.
outp on
Sets the output to ON.
curr:mode list
Causes the list to be executed. Note that the four prior commands ensure
that the unit is working in current mode and has its output on before the
current pulse is sent.
Meas:tran?
After executing the list, this query returns the measured value of the sample. For example, assuming the unit output took 5 milliseconds to become 3
amperes, the returned value will be around 1.5 amperes: 1.5003E0 (1.5003
Amperes)
FIGURE B-3.
USING LIST COMMANDS TO MEASURE SAMPLE AT START OF PULSE
OUTP
B.13 OUTPut[:STATe] COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: OUTP[:STAT] <boolean>
<boolean>=(0 or OFF, 1 or ON)
Long Form: OUTPut[:STATe] <boolean>
Description: Enables or disables the power supply output. The factory default for power-up is Local mode, the
output is on and the front panel controls affect the unit's operation; however note that the factory
default for power-up can be changed from the front panel (see PAR. 3.3.7). Upon entering Remote
mode, the output. status is not affected.
For passive loads, when OUTP OFF is executed, the programmed values of voltage and current
are saved, then voltage and current are programmed as follows: when the unit is operating as a voltage source, voltage is programmed to zero and current protect is programmed to a low value; when
operating as a current source, current is programmed to zero and voltage protect is programmed to a
low value. When OUTP ON is executed, the power supply output is restored to the previously saved
programmed values. The saved values of voltage and current can be viewed by VOLT? and CURR?
queries.
For active loads (inductive, capacitive, battery or other electronic loads) programming the appropriate settings for mode, voltage and current is recommended instead of using the OUTP OFF command. Follow the guidelines presented in Table 3-6 to understand how the unit responds to OUTP
OFF. Instead of using OUTP OFF, program the unit to current mode using the FUNC:MODE command, then program output current to zero. Related Commands: FUNC:MODE, OUTP?.
B-6
BOP-1K 101509
OUTP?
B.14 OUTPut[:STATe] QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: OUTP[:STAT]?
Return Value: <int_value> (0 or 1)
Long Form: OUTPut[:STATe]?
Description: Indicates whether power supply output is enabled or disabled. Returns 0 if output disabled,
returns 1 if output enabled. Related Commands: OUTP.
OUTP:MODE
B.15 OUTPut:MODE COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: OUTP:MODE {ACTIVE | RESISTIVE | BATTERY}
Long Form: OUTPut:MODE {ACTIVE | RESISTIVE | BATTERY}
Description: Determines how the unit functions when output is turned off depending on the type of load in
use: active, resistive or battery. See PAR. 3.3.6 for description of ACTIVE, RESISTIVE and BATTERY modes.
OUTP:MODE?
B.16 OUTPut:MODE? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: OUTP:MODE?
Long Form: OUTPut:MODE]?
Return Value: ACTIVE | RESISTIVE | BATTERY
Description: Indicates whether power supply is configured for ACTIVE, RESISTIVE or BATTERY type loads.
See PAR. 3.3.6 for description of ACTIVE, RESISTIVE and BATTERY modes. Related Commands:
OUTP:MODE.
B.17 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV][:IMM][:AMP] <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] <exp_value>
<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Sets programmed current level at power supply output. This command programs output current to
a specific value; actual output current will depend on load conditions. Any data that exceeds IMAX
causes error message -222 “data out range” to be posted to the error queue (See example, Figure B1.)
B.18 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] QUERY
Syntax:
CURR?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV][:IMM][:AMP]? MIN, MAX
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude]? MIN, MAX
Return Value:<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Returns either the programmed value, maximum value, or minimum value of current. The
CURR? query returns the programmed value of current. Actual output current will depend on load conditions. The CURR?MAX query returns the maximum positive current allowed for a particular model.
CURR? MIN returns minimum negative current allowed for power supply (always negative). Related
Commands: CURR. (See example, Figure B-1.)
B.19 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH] COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR:LIM[:BOTH]
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:LIM[:BOTH] <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH] <value>
where <value> is between zero and INOM
Description: Establishes the software limit <value> for output current, i.e., sets the maximum value of output current that the unit will be allowed to source and sink. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for
power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations. (See Figure B4)
B.20 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH]? QUERY
Syntax:
CURR:LIM[:BOTH]?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:LIM[:BOTH]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH]?
Returns <value>, <value>
Description: Identifies the positive software limit, followed by the negative software limit value of output current that
the unit can source or sink.
BOP-1K 101509
B-7
NOTES: 1. This example assumes a BOP 36-28MG power supply is operating in constant current (CC)
mode.
2 Examples below are intended only to illustrate command functions. Refer to PAR. 3.5.2 for programming techniques to optimize performance.
CURR:LIM?
CURR:LIMIT:POS 10;NEG 2
func:mode volt
volt 15;curr 2
CURR 10
curr:prot?
CURR:prot:neg 1
CURR:PROT:LIM:NEG 5
curr:prot?
Returns 28,28 (positive and negative defaults for max
current in current mode).
Establishes the maximum positive and negative current values
that can be set in current mode.
Sets power supply in voltage mode.
Allows the power supply to provide 15 volts positive with the
ability to source or sink up to 2 amperes. The display shows:
15.000 2.000 2.000.
Since the BOP is operating in voltage mode, sets the current
capability (current protect) to 10 amperes.The display shows:
15.000 10.000 10.000
Returns 10,10
Limits the negative current capability to 1 ampere.
Prevents CURR:PROT:NEG setting from exceeding
5 amperes
Returns 10,1 (the actual positive (10) and negative (1)
protection levels for the current.
---- Turn BOP POWER off and then on.
curr:lim?
Returns 28,28 the factory default levels (all the above
changes have been lost). To lock in the changed limits, the user
must send :MEMORY:UPDATE LIMITS.
CURR:PROT:LIM:POS 28.3;neg 28
Establishes new max current protect limits (positive 28.3 and
negative 28.
CURR 28
Establishes the positive protect to be 28 amperes and the
negative protection remains 28 amperes.
curr:prot?
returns 28,28
func:mode curr
Changes the mode of operation of the power supply to current
mode.
FIGURE B-4.
SETTING LIMITS
B.21 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEG COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR:LIM:NEG
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:LIM:NEG <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative <value>
Description: Establishes the negative software limit <value> for output current, i.e., sets the maximum value of output current that the unit will be allowed to source (quadrant 3, Figure 1-3) or sink (quadrant 2) to the
value specified by the user. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2
and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.22 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEG? QUERY
Syntax:
CURR:LIM:NEG?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:LIM:NEG?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative?
Returns <value>
Description: Identifies the negative software limit value of output current that the unit can source (quadrant 3, Figure 1-3) or sink (quadrant 2).
B-8
BOP-1K 101509
CURR:LIM:POS
B.23 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:POS COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:LIM:POS <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:POSitive <value>
where <value> is between zero and the rated (nominal) output voltage
Description: Establishes the positive software limit <value> for output current, i.e., sets the maximum value of output current that the unit will be allowed to source (quadrant 1, Figure 1-3) or sink (quadrant 4) to the
value specified by the user. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2
and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
CURR:LIM:POS?
B.24 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:POS? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:LIM:POS?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:LIMit:Positive?
Returns <value>
Description: Identifies the positive software limit value of output current that the unit can source (quadrant 1, Figure
1-3) or sink (quadrant 4).
CURR:MODE
B.25 [SOURce:]CURRent:MODE COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR:MODE (FIX | LIST | TRAN <nn> | EXT | GAIN | PROT)
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent:MODE (FIXed | LIST | TRANsient <nn> | EXTernal | GAIN | PROTect)
nn = <value> = time in seconds for transient (from 0.0005 to 2.0)
Description: Allows the user to execute or stop a list, to execute a transient or to use an external reference.
The default mode is FIXed: the power supply executes commands normally, and LIST commands can
be issued to establish the parameters and sequence of a list. This command affects the main channel,
whether voltage or current.
When CURR:MODE LIST is issued, a list is executed (See LIST commands and Figure B-5). While
the list is being executed, LIST commands are not accepted and will produce a command error.
Issuing CURR:MODE FIX while the list is running will stop the execution of the list and return power
supply to settings in effect prior to running the list. If the list runs to completion, the settings of the last
step of the list will be in effect.
CURR:MODE TRAN nn causes the next CURR: or VOLT: command to produce a transient pulse of
nn seconds duration. (Similar to VOLT:MODE TRAN (see PAR. B.92 for examples). If the time nn
exceeds 2 seconds, error message -222 “dwell or frequency out range” is posted to the error queue.
CURR:MODE EXT Configures the unit to use an external reference to change the output current.
CURR:MODE GAIN Configures the unit to use an external reference to provide a proportional output current.
CURR:MODE PROT - allows main channel (CURR or VOLT) to accept values up to the protection
limits of the power supply without generating an error. For example for a BOP 36-28MG in voltage
mode, after sending CURR:MODE PROT, sending CURR 28.3 would set the protection levels to 28.3
and main channel level to 28.
Related Commands: LIST commands. (See example, Figure B-5.)
CURR:MODE?
B.26 [SOURce:]CURRent:MODE? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:MODE?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:MODE?
Return value: FIXED, LIST, TRANSIENT, EXTERNAL or GAIN
Description: Identifies active current mode. Returns LIST while list is being executed. Returns TRANSIENT after
CURR:MODE:TRAN command has been issued, but before CURR: or *TRG command executes the
transient. Returns FIXED while in fixed (default) mode of operation. Returns EXT or GAIN when external reference is to be used to either program output current or provide proportional output current,
respectively. Related Commands: LIST commands. (Similar to VOLT:MODE?, see Figure B-5.)
B.27 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH] COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR:PROT[:BOTH]
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:BOTH <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:BOTH <value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
current.
Description: Establishes both the positive and negative protection limits for current, the maximum current the unit is
set up to source and sink; maximum is 1% greater than rated output current.
BOP-1K 101509
B-9
B.28 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH] QUERY
Syntax:
CURR:PROT[:BOTH]?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT[:BOTH]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH]?
Returns <value>, <value>
Description: Identifies the protection limits for current (source, sink), the maximum current the unit will source.or
sink
B.29 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR:PROT:MODE
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:MODE (EXT | FIX | LESS |)
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE (EXTernal | FIXed | LESSer |)
Description: Determines how current protection limits are controlled.
FIXED - Allows the limits to be controlled by digital signals from either the keypad (if the unit is in local
mode) or SCPI command (if the unit is in remote mode).
EXTERNAL: Allows the limits to be controlled by analog signals applied to the analog port; limits set
from the keypad or SCPI command have no effect (see PAR. 3.3.6.1).
LESSER LIMIT: Allows protect limit to be automatically selected from either 1) the external analog limit
CURRent applied to the Analog I/O port or 2) the value set from the keypad or SCPI command).
Whichever limit has a lower absolute value (closest to zero) has effect
B.30 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE? QUERY
Syntax:
CURR:PROT:MODE?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:MODE?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE?
Returns FIXED, EXTERNAL or LESS
Description: Identifies how current protection limits are controlled. (See PAR. B.29 for details).
B.31 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR:PROT:NEG
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:NEG <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative <value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
current.
Description: Establishes the negative protection limit for current, maximum is 1% greater than rated (nominal) output current.
B.32 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative? QUERY
Syntax:
Description: Identifies the negative protection limit for current.
B.33 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive COMMAND
Syntax:
CURR:PROT:NEG?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:NEG?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative?
Returns <value>
CURR:PROT:POS
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:POS <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive <value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
current.
Description: Establishes the positive protection limit for current, maximum is 1% greater than rated output current.
B.34 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive? QUERY
Syntax:
CURR:PROT:POS?
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:POS?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive?
Returns <value>
Description: Identifies the positive protection limit for current.
B-10
BOP-1K 101509
B.35 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH] COMMAND
CURR:PROT:LIM[:BOTH]
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:LIM[:BOTH] <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:[BOTH <value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
current.
Description: Establishes the maximum value possible for both the positive and negative protection limits for current. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for
special programming considerations.
B.36 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH]? QUERY
CURR:PROT:LIM:[:BOTH]?
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:LIM[:BOTH]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH]?
Returns <exp_value>,<exp_value>
Description: Identifies the maximum value possible for protection limits for current (positive, negative); maximum is
1% greater than rated output current.
B.37 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative COMMAND
CURR:PROT:LIM:NEG
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:NEG <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative <exp_value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
current.
Description: Establishes the minimum (maximum absolute) value possible for the negative protection limit for current. This may be set up to 1% greater than rated current. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for
power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.38 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative? QUERY
CURR:PROT:LIM:NEG?
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:NEG?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative?
Returns: <exp_value>
Description: Identifies the minimum (maximum absolute) value possible for the negative protection limit for current.
B.39 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive COMMAND
CURR:PROT:LIM:POS
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:POS <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive <exp_value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
current.
Description: Establishes the maximum value possible for the positive protection limit for current. This may be set
up to 1% greater than rated current. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for power up. See PAR.
3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.40 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive? QUERY
CURR:PROT:LIM:POS?
Syntax:
BOP-1K 101509
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:POS?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive?
Returns: <exp_value>
Description:Identifies the maximum value possible for the positive protection limit for current.
B-11
CURR:TRIG
B.41 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude] COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:TRIG[:AMP] <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude] <exp_value>
<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Programs current value to be transferred to output by *TRG (trigger) commands. This command
can be used to reset many power supplies to preselected parameters by issuing a single *TRG command. Actual output current will depend on load conditions. If the value exceeds the maximum for the
model being programmed, error message -222,”Data out of range” is posted in output queue. Related
Commands: CURR, *TRG, TRIG
CURR:TRIG?
B.42 [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude]? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]CURR[:LEV]:TRIG[:AMP]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]CURRent[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude]?
Return Value: <exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Returns the current value established by CURR:TRIG command.
B.43 [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE COMMAND
Syntax:
FUNC:MODE
Short Form: FUNC:MODE {VOLT | CURR | EXT}
Long Form: [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE {VOLT | CURR | EXTernal}
Description: Establishes the operating mode of the power supply. VOLT = Constant Voltage mode (CV). CURR
= Constant Current mode (CC). EXT = External. FUNC:MODE VOLT commands power supply to Voltage mode, FUNC:MODE CURR commands power supply to Current mode. Commanded mode establishes parameters (voltage or current) monitored for error conditions. Actual mode depends upon load
conditions. When commanded to Voltage mode, if load conditions cause the power supply to try to
exceed the current limit, the unit will flag an error condition. When commanded to Current mode, if
load conditions cause the power supply to try to exceed the voltage limit, the unit will flag an error condition.
FUNC:MODE?
B.44 [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: FUNC:MODE?
Long Form: [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE?
Return value: 0 (voltage mode) or 1 (current mode)
Description: Returns the operating mode of the power supply. 0 = Constant Voltage mode (CV). 1 = Constant
Current mode (CC).
FUNC:MODE:TRIG
B.45 [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE:TRIGger COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: FUNC:MODE:TRIG {VOLT | CURR}
Long Form: [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE:TRIGger {VOLT | CURR}
Description: Establishes the operating mode of the power supply when a TRIGger command is sent. VOLT =
Constant Voltage mode (CV). CURR = Constant Current mode (CC). FUNC:MODE:TRIG VOLT commands power supply to Voltage mode when a TRIGger command is sent, FUNC:MODE:TRIG CURR
commands power supply to Current mode when a TRIGger command is sent.
B.46 [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE:TRIGger? QUERY
Syntax:
FUNC:MODE:TRIG?
Short Form: FUNC:MODE:TRIG?
Long Form: [SOURce:]FUNCtion:MODE:TRIGger?
Return value: 0 = voltage mode or 1 = current mode
Description: Returns the operating mode which the power supply will enter when a trigger command is
sent. VOLT = Constant Voltage mode (CV). CURR = Constant Current mode (CC).
LIST:CLE
B.47 [SOURce:]LIST:CLEar COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:CLE
Long Form: LIST:CLEar>
Description: Clears all list entries by setting all pointers to 0. Releases control of the Output Off flag at EXT
PROTECT PORT, pins 5 and 6 (see Table 2-4), from the programmed list. Related Commands: All
LIST commands (See example, Figure B-5.)
B-12
BOP-1K 101509
NOTES:
Examples below are intended only to illustrate command functions. Refer to PAR. 3.5.2 for programming techniques to optimize performance.
LIST:CLEAR
LIST:RES?
Initializes the list process.
Returns 0.000093,0.034000,nnnn (where nnnn = total number of points
available).
LIST:VOLT:POINTS?
Returns 0.
LIST:VOLT:POINTS? MAX
Returns 5900.
LIST:VOLT:APPLY SINE,15,10 Causes the BOP to generate points.for 15Hz sine wave, 10V p-p.
LIST:VOLT:POIN?
Returns 480 - indicating the unit used 480 points for the sine wave.
LIST:VOLT:POIN? MAX
Returns 3933 - indicating up to 3933 points can be used.
LIST:DWEL:POIN?
Returns 480 - indicating 480 points have been assigned dwell times.
LIST:DWEL?
Returns 1.38e-4 indicating the unit used
138 microseconds per division (automatically selected as the best possible
dwell for the waveform).
FUNC:MODE VOLT
Initializes the power supply mode to be voltage.
LIST:CLEAR
Initializes the list processor to add entries, clears main channel (LIST:CURR
or LIST:VOLT) and LIST:DWEL data tables (Table B-2).
LIST:VOLT -20,-18,-16,-14,-12,-10,-8,-6,-4,-2,0
Starting at location 0 (-20), up to location 10 (0), fills the list with 11 data
points.
LIST:VOLT:POIN?
Returns 11. Indicates that 11 data points have been entered, and location
11 is the next location to be filled (for the 12th data point.
NOTE: See PAR. B.2 for format and accuracy of all numerical data returned.
LIST:QUERY?
LIST:VOLT?
Returns 0 (pointer cleared by LIST:CLE).
Returns -20,-18,-16,-14,-12,-10,-8,-6,-4,-2,0 (the contents of locations 0
through 10). (See PAR. B.2 for format and accuracy of numerical data.)
list:volt 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20
Adds 10 points to the list (location 11 through 20). List now has 21 points.
LIST:VOLT:POIN?
Returns 21 (the next location to be filled by LIST:VOLT).
LIST:COUNT 100
Specifies that when VOLT:MODE LIST is issued, the user-determined
sequence will be executed 100 times. (21 steps in the list will be executed
100 times)
CURR 1;VOLT -20
initializes the BOP output
OUTPUT ON
Turns the output on (BOP now provides -20 volts)
LIST:DWELL .010
Sets the time duration for location 0 to be 0.010 second (Since dwell times
for the rest of the locations in the list are not entered before running the list,
the dwell time will be 0.010 second for all locations.
FIGURE B-5.
USING LIST COMMANDS AND QUERIES (SHEET 1 OF 2)
LIST:COUN
B.48 [SOURce:]LIST:COUNt COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:COUN<int_value 0 to 255>
Long Form: LIST:COUNt> <int_value 0 to 255>
Description: Establishes how many times the list is executed. Allows user to establish how many times the list
is executed. For LIST:COUN 0, the unit will execute the sequence indefinitely until a VOLT:MODE
FIXED, command is received. (See example, Figure B-5.)
LIST:COUN?
B.49 [SOURce:]LIST:COUNt? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:COUNT?
Return Value: <int_value>
Long Form: LIST:COUNt?
Description: Identifies how many times the list will be executed. Returns value set by LIST:COUN command.
(See example, Figure B-5.)
BOP-1K 101509
B-13
.VOLT:MODE LIST
Executes the list. For 240 milliseconds the BOP outputs a staircase triangle
wave from -20V to +20V and back down to -20V. This staircase will have a
uniform spacing between voltage changes of 10 milliseconds and will
repeat 100 times.
VOLT?
Returns +20 (the last step in the list set the unit to +20V.
LIST:COUNT?
Returns 100.
LIST:COUNT 10
Determines that the list will be repeated 10 times when executed.
LIST:COUNT?
Returns 10.
VOLT:MODE LIST
Initiates execution of the list. The unit outputs a sawtooth waveform that
increases from -20V to +20V and repeats 10 times. There is an abrupt
change from +20V to -20V each time the list transitions from location 20 to
location 0.
VOLT?
Returns 20, (the last step in the list set the unit to 20V.
LIST:DWELL .01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01
Enters dwell time of 0.01 seconds in locations 1 through 9.
LIST:DWELL .03
Enters dwell time of 0.03 second in location 10.
VOLT:MODE LIST
the list is not executed, the unit returns error -221,Settings Error indicating
the lists are not balanced.
LIST:DWELL:POINTS?
Returns 11 to indicate the dwell list has 11 entries
LIST:VOLT:POINTS?
Returns 21 to indicate the voltage list has 21 entries.
LIST:DWELL .01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01
Dwell times are entered in locations 11 through 20.
DWELL:POINTS?
Returns 21 indicating there are now 21 step dwell times on the list.
LIST:QUER?
Returns 0 indicating list queries will start from location 0
LIST:QUER 9
Causes list queries to start at location 9
LIST:DWEL?
Returns 01,.03,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01,.01(the dwell times for
locations 9 through 20.
LIST COUNT 0
List will repeat indefinitely.
VOLT:MODE LIST
The list is executed. Stair case wave now consists of 21 steps of .01 seconds except for the 0V step (location 10) which outputs 0V for 0.03 second.
LIST:DWEL?
Returns error -221,Settings Error because a LIST command cannot be executed while the LIST is still being executed.
VOLT:MODE FIX
Stops execution of the list
LIST:VOLT:APPLY SINE,60,20 Adds a 60Hz, 20V p-p sine wave to the current waveform
VOLT:MODE:LIST
Unit outputs the staircase and then the sine wave.
*RST
Unit stops generating the waveform.
FIGURE B-5.
USING LIST COMMANDS AND QUERIES (SHEET 2 OF 2)
B.50 [SOURce:]LIST:COUNt:SKIP COMMAND
LIST:COUN:SKIP
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:COUN:SKIP nn
Long Form: LIST:COUNt:SKIP nn
nn = <int_value 0 to 255>
Description: Allows beginning steps of list-generated waveform to be run once, then ignored.
When a list is to be repeated using LIST:COUNT, this command allows the user to skip the first nn
steps once the full set has been executed. After the first iteration (which executes all steps), the first
nn steps are skipped. The LIST:COUN:SKIP command allows the user to precondition a list-generated
waveform by setting unique conditions at the beginning that are not repeated for the rest of the repetitions. LIST:CLEar sets nn to 0. Related Commands: LIST:COUN, LIST:COUN:SKIP?, LIST:CLE. (See
example, Figure B-5.)
B.51 [SOURce:]LIST:COUNt:SKIP? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:COUN:SKIP?
Return Value: <int_value>
LIST:COUN:SKIP?
Long Form: LIST:COUNt:SKIP?
Description: Identifies how many steps will skipped the first time the list is executed. Returns value set by
LIST:COUN:SKIP command. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B-14
BOP-1K 101509
LIST:CURR
B.52 [SOURce:]LIST:CURRent COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:CURR <exp_value>, <exp_value>, . . . (to max of 5900 data points for global dwell
time)
Long Form: LIST:CURRent <exp_value>, <exp_value>, . . . (to max of 5900 data points for global
dwell time)
<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Adds the current value (in Amps) to list. This command sequentially adds LIST:CURRent values to
the main channel List Data Table locations illustrated in Table B-2. Starting location is indicated by
LIST:CURR:POIN? The maximum number of entries is 2950,3933 or 5900. Since the input buffer of
the BOP has a limit of 253 characters, multiple commands are necessary to complete the full 3933
entries of the list. If LIST:VOLT has any entries, an error message: -221,"Settings conflict" is posted in
the error queue. Related Commands: LIST:CURR:POIN?. (See example, Figure B-5.).
TABLE B-2. LIST DATA TABLE
Location (DSEQ)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
.........
Main Channel (commanded mode)
LIST:CURRent or LIST:VOLTage
.........
LIST:DWELl
.........
LIST:CURR?
B.53 [SOURce:]LIST:CURRent? QUERY
Syntax:
5900
Short Form: LIST:CURR?
Long Form: LIST:CURRent?
Return Value: <value1>, <value2>, . . . to <value16>
Description: Identifies the parameters (main channel) entered for the list. Starting at location established by
LIST:QUERy, returns comma-separated list of up to 16 values indicating the main channel parameters
entered. i.e., the contents of main channel locations of Table B-2. Related Commands: LIST: CURR,
LIST:QUERy. If LIST:VOLT has any entries, an error message: -221,"Settings conflict" is posted in the
error queue. (See example, Figure B-5.)
LIST:CURR:APPL
B.54 [SOURce:]LIST:CURR:APPLy COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:CURR:APPL <type>,<value1>,<value2>[,<value3>]
Long Form: LIST:CURRent:APPLy <type>,<value1>,<value2>[,<value3>]
Where <type> is {SQUARE | RAMP+ | RAMP- | TRIANGLE | SINE | LEVEL}
<value1> is frequency (or period (duration) for LEVEL
<value2> is p-p amplitude (or amplitude (offset) for LEVEL
<value3> is offset (optional, default is 0, not applicable to LEVEL)
Description: Causes the unit to add a series of points to both the list:curr array and the list:dwell array to
make either a level or a waveform of one of five types. Refer to table 3-11 for a description of the
waveform types. The waveform type specified is generated at the frequency specified with a peak-topeak amplitude centered on zero. If the optional offset value is specified, the center of the generated
series of points is moved off zero. The apply generator takes into account the soft limits for the current
channel and insures the generated array does not exceed the unit’s capabilities.
B.55 [SOURce:]LIST:CURRent:APPLy:SWEep COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:CURR:APPL:SWE
Short Form: LIST:CURR:APPL:SWE <value1>,<value2>
Long Form: LIST:CURRent:APPLy:SWEep <value1>,<value2>
Where <value1> is start angle. Valid from 0 to 359.99 degrees.
<value2> is stop angle. Valid from 0.01 to 360.00 degrees
Description: Allows the user to provide a starting angle for either triangle and sine waveforms and an
optional stop angle. If the stop angle is not supplied, the unit defaults to 360 degrees. This command
should be placed at the beginning of the waveform program to be applicable to all sine and triangle
waveform segments.
BOP-1K 101509
B-15
B.56 [SOURce:]LIST:CURRent:APPLy:SWEep? QUERY
Syntax:
LIST:CURR:APPL:SWE?
Short Form: LIST:CURR:APPL:SWE?
Long Form: LIST:CURRent:APPLy:SWEep?
Return Value: <value1>, <value2>(0.01 to 360)
Description: Returns start <value1> and stop <value2> angle in degrees for either triangle and sine waveforms.
LIST:CURR:POIN?
B.57 [SOURce:]LIST:CURRent:POINts? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:CURR:POIN? Long Form: LIST:CURRent:POINts?
Return Value: <n> where n = number of points
Description: Identifies the total number of points present in a list and the next location to be filled by
LIST:CURR command. The LIST:CURR pointer is initially at 0 via LIST:CLE. For each data point
entered by a LIST:CURR command the list pointer is incremented If LIST:CURR:POIN? returns 5, the
LIST:CURR pointer is at 5 indicating there are 6 data points comprising the list. If LIST:VOLT has any
entries, an error message: -221,"Settings conflict" is posted in the error queue.Related Commands:
LIST:CURR. (See example, Figure B-5.)
LIST:DWEL
B.58 [SOURce:]LIST:DWELl COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:DWEL <value> (0.000093 to 0.034),<value>,<value>, . . . to maximum of 5900 values.
Long Form: LIST:DWELl <value> (0.000093 to 0.034),<value>,<value>, . . . to maximum of 5900 values.
Description: Determines how long the main channel parameters will be active. Sets time value (from 0.000093
to 0.034) in seconds for List:Dwell locations illustrated in Table B-2. These locations are associated
with the corresponding main channel locations illustrated in Table B-2. The main channel is determined by FUNC:MODE, either current (FUNC:MODE CURR) or voltage (FUNC:MODE VOLT) If
LIST:DWEL is entered for only location 0, that time duration will apply to all steps when either
VOLT:MODE LIST or CURR:MODE LIST is executed. Related Commands: VOLT:MODE,
FUNC:MODE, LIST:CURR, LIST:VOLT, LIST:DWEL?. (See example, Figure B-5.)
LIST:DWEL?
B.59 [SOURce:]LIST:DWELl? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:DWEL?
Return Value: <value>
Long Form: LIST:DWELl?
Description: Identifies the dwell times entered for the list. Starting at location established by LIST:QUERy,
returns comma-separated list of up to 16 values indicating the dwell time parameters entered. i.e., the
contents of LIST:DWEL locations of Table B-2. Related Commands: LIST: DWEL, LIST:QUERy. (See
example, Figure B-5.)
LIST:DWEL:POIN?
B.60 [SOURce:]LIST:DWELl:POINts? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:DWEL:POIN?
Return Value: <value> (0 to 5900)
Long Form: LIST:DWELl:POINts?
Description:Identifies the number of locations for which time values have been entered and the next location to be filled by a LIST:DWEL command. If LIST:DWEL:POIN? returns 6, dwell times have been
entered for locations 0 through 5 and location 6 is the next to be filled by a LIST:DWEL command.
LIST:DWEL, LIST:DWEL:POIN. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B.61 [SOURce:]LIST:QUERy COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:QUER
Short Form: LIST:QUER <int_value>
Long Form: LIST:QUERy <int_value>
int_value = <n> where n = first location to be queried.
Description: Determines first location to be queried by LIST:VOLT?, LIST:CURR? or LIST:DWEL? queries.
Related Commands: LIST:VOLT?, LIST:CURR?, LIST:DWEL?. LIST:QUER?. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B-16
BOP-1K 101509
LIST:QUER?
B.62 [SOURce:]LIST:QUERy? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:QUER?
Return Value: <int_value>
Long Form: LIST:QUERy?
Description: Identifies first location to be queried by LIST:VOLT?, LIST:CURR?, LIST:DWEL? queries.
Related Commands: LIST:QUER, LIST:CURR?, LIST:DWEL?. LIST:QUER?. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B.63 [SOURce:]LIST:REPeat COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:REP
Short Form: LIST:REP <int_value1>,<int_value2>,<array>
Long Form: LIST:REPeat <int_value1>,<int_value2>,<array>
where
<int_value1> is start point to be copied
<int_value2> is end point to be copied
<array> is a series of comma separated values representing the new
programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Copies points from existing list using the same dwell times, but different output settings. Copies the contents of the dwell entries in the list from the start point to the end point and adds them to the
end of the list. The setting value for each copied point is defined by the value in the array. This process
is repeated until either a) an invalid programmed current or voltage is found, b) the all entries in the
array have been copied or c) the list is full.
This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR or LIST:VOLT command and the starting and end
point values must be valid, otherwise a -221 “Settings conflict” error results. The entries on the dwell
list must match the values in the current or voltage list, otherwise a -226 “Not Same Length” error
results. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
B.64 [SOURce:]LIST:RESolution? QUERY
Syntax:
LIST:RES?
Short Form: LIST:RES?
Long Form: LIST:RESolution?
Return Value: <value1>,<value2>,<value3>
(where <value1> and <value2> = clock period, <value3> = number of points to be used)
Description: Identifies whether resolution is set to minimum (3933) or maximum (5900) and indicates the
clock period. The resolution (3933 or 5900) determines the maximum number of points that will be
used for the waveform. <value1> and <value2> indicate the boundaries of acceptable dwell times:
e.g., if LIST:RES? returns either 0.000093,0.034000,3933 or 0.034000,0.000093,5900 dwell times
faster than 93 microseconds and slower than 34 milliseconds will not be accepted.
B.65 [SOURce:]LIST:SAMPle:CURRent COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:SAMP:CURR
Short Form: LIST:SAMP:CURR average,value
Long Form: LIST:SAMPle:CURRent average,value
where:
<average> = number of measurements = integer: 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 or 256
<value> = programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Samples output current. <Value> is either programmed current in Amperes, or programmed voltage
in Volts. <Average> can only be 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 or 256. Entering a number other than those
permitted results in the average being set to the next lowest permitted number. The actual number of
points added to the list is <average>. The samples are taken within the window established by <average>. The timing of the first sample is not exact. The sample duration must be established by the
LIST:SET:SAMP command, otherwise a -221 ”Settings conflict” error will result
This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR, LIST:VOLT or LIST:SET:SAMPLE command, otherwise a -221 ”Settings conflict” error will result. The entries on the dwell list must match the values on
the current or voltage list, otherwise a -226 “Not Same Length” error will result. Only eight samples
may be taken in a list. If more than eight LIST:SAMP:CURR or LIST:SAMP:VOLT commands are
included in the list, a -223 “Too Much data“ error results. Also, note that each sample uses one of the
points in the waveform table; if the total number of points in the waveform exceeds 3933, -223 “Too
Much data“ error results. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
BOP-1K 101509
B-17
B.66 [SOURce:]LIST:SAMPle:VOLTage COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:SAMP:VOLT
Short Form: LIST:SAMP:VOLT average,value
Long Form: LIST:SAMPle:VOLTage average,value
where:
average = number of measurements = integer: 2,4,8,16,32,64,128 or 256
value = programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Samples output voltage. <Value> is either programmed current in Amperes, or programmed voltage
in Volts. <Average> can only be 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 or 256. Entering a number other than those
permitted results in the average being set to the next lowest permitted number. The actual number of
points added to the list is <average>. The samples are taken within the window established by <average>. The timing of the first sample is not exact. The sample duration must be established by the
LIST:SET:SAMP command, otherwise a -221 ”Settings conflict” error will result
This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR, LIST:VOLT or LIST:SET:SAMPLE command, otherwise a -221 ”Settings conflict” error will result. The entries on the dwell list must match the values on
the current or voltage list, otherwise a -226 “Not Same Length” error will result. Only eight samples
may be taken in a list. If more than eight LIST:SAMP:CURR or LIST:SAMP:VOLT commands are
included in the list, a -223 “Too Much data“ error results. Also, note that each sample uses one of the
points in the waveform table; if the total number of points in the waveform exceeds 3933, -223 “Too
Much data“ error results. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
LIST:SAMP?
B.67 [SOURce:]LIST:SAMPle? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:SAMP?
Long Form: LIST:SAMPle?
Returns:<INT_VALUE>,<INT_VALUE>....<INT_VALUE>[V|C]
Description: Returns a comma-separated list of numbers representing points, followed by V or C. The point
listings are determined by the settings of LIST:SAMP:CURR and LIST:SAMP:VOLT commands. The
sample(s) occur after the points indicated. The type of list is indicated by V (Voltage) or C (Current).
(See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
LIST:SET:SAMP
B.68 [SOURce:]LIST:SET:SAMPle COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:SET:SAMP value
Long Form: LIST:SET:SAMPle value
where value = sample pulse duration, between 0.00025 and 0.034 (seconds)
Description: Establishes sample pulse duration. This command must be used when measuring a sample, but
must only be issued once, otherwise a -100 “command error: will result. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
LIST:SET:SAMP?
B.69 [SOURce:]LIST:SET:SAMPle? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:SET:SAMP?
Returns: <exp_value>
Long Form: LIST:SET:SAMPle?
Description: Returns sample pulse duration. Returns sample pulse duration set by LIST:SET:SAMP command,
between 0.00025 and 0.034 second. If sample pulse duration has not been set, error 100- “com-
mand error” results.
B.70 [SOURce:]LIST:SET:TRIGger COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:SET:TRIG
Short Form: LIST:SET:TRIG <time>,<transistor>
Long Form: LIST:SET:TRIGger <time>,<transistor>
<time> = 0.00025 to 0.034 (Seconds)
<transistor> = ON or OFF
Description: Establishes output trigger pulse-width. Used to set the pulse-width at a) the BOP output and b) a
trigger provided by the BOP to trigger an external device. The Output Off flag at EXT PROTECT
PORT, pins 5 and 6 (see Table 2-4) represents the trigger pulse timing instead of output on/off status
until LIST:CLE is issued. See Figure B-7 for example. The pulse width, between 0.00025 to 0.034
(Seconds) is established by <time>. When <transistor> = ON, the transistor across EXT PROTECT
PORT pins 5 and 6 is on (conducting) while pulse is active. When <transistor> = OFF, the transistor
across EXT PROTECT PORT pins 5 and 6 is off while pulse is active.
B-18
BOP-1K 101509
B.71 [SOURce:]LIST:SET:TRIGger? QUERY
LIST:SET:TRIG?
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:SET:TRIG?
Long Form: LIST:SET:TRIGger?
Returns <value> = trigger pulse-width between 0.00025 and 0.034 second
Description: Returns trigger pulse-width. If trigger pulse duration has not been set, error 100- “command error”
results.
B.72 [SOURce:]LIST:SET:WAIT COMMAND
LIST:SET:WAIT
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:SET:WAIT value
Long Form: LIST:SET:WAIT value
where:
<value> = time-out for a wait command between .00025 and .034 seconds
Description: Establishes the time-out for a wait command. If this command is not sent, the time out period will
be 0 indicating an infinite wait time. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
B.73 [SOURce:]LIST:SET:WAIT? QUERY
Syntax:
LIST:SET:WAIT?
Short Form: LIST:SET:WAIT?
Long Form: LIST:SET:WAIT?
Returns <value> = time-out for a wait command between 0.00025 and 0.033 second
Description: Returns the time-out for a wait command. Returns 0 if LIST:SET:WAIT not sent, indicating infinite wait
time.
B.74 [SOURce:]LIST:TRIGger COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:TRIG
Short Form: LIST:TRIG <value>
Long Form: LIST:TRIGger <value>
where:
<value> = programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Similar to LIST:VOLT or LIST:CURR, except also allows Output Off flag of External Protection
Port to be used to trigger an external device. In addition to setting the output to the <value> specified (for duration established by LIST:SET:TRIG), causes the Output Off flag transistor (EXT_E, pin 5,
and EXT_C, pin 6, of the External Protection port) to be set to the state (on or off) for the duration set
by the LIST:SET:TRIG command.
If the trigger duration is not established by the LIST:SET:TRIG command, a -221 “Settings conflict”
error results. This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR or LIST:VOLT command, otherwise a 221 “Settings conflict” error results. The entries on the dwell list must match the values on the current
or voltage list, otherwise a -226 “Lists Not Same Length” error results. (See Figure B-7.)
B.75 [SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage COMMAND
LIST:VOLT
Short Form: LIST:VOLT[:LEV] <exp_value>, <exp_value>, . . . (to max of 5900 data points)
Long Form: LIST:VOLTage[:LEVel] <exp_value>, <exp_value>, . . . (to max of 5900 data points)
<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Adds the voltage value (in Amps) to list. This command sequentially adds LIST:VOLTage values to
the main channel List Data Table locations illustrated in Table B-2. LIST:CLE sets starting location to 0.
Next location indicated by LIST:VOLT:POIN? The maximum number of entries is 2950, 3933, or 5900.
Since the input buffer of the BOP has a limit of 253 characters, multiple commands are necessary to
complete the full 5900 entries of the list. If LIST:CURR has any entries, an error message: -221,"Settings conflict" is posted in the error queue. Related Commands: LIST:VOLT:POIN?, FUNC:MODE,
LIST:CLE, *RST. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B.76 [SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage? QUERY
Syntax:
LIST:VOLT?
Short Form: LIST:VOLT?
Long Form: LIST:VOLTage?
Return Value: <value1>, <value2>, . . . to <value16>
Description: Identifies the parameters (main channel) entered for the list. Starting at location established by
LIST:QUERy, returns comma-separated list of up to 16 values indicating the main channel parameters
entered. i.e., the contents of the main channel locations of Table B-2. Related Commands: LIST:
VOLT, LIST:QUERy. If LIST:CURR has any entries, an error message: -221,"Settings conflict" is
posted in the error queue. (See example, Figure B-5.)
BOP-1K 101509
B-19
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
2. The WAIT commands provide a method to synchronize multiple instruments to a common control
pulse. This example assumes BOP and a number of switching DVMs are connected to a Unit
Under Test (UUT). The DVMs are programmed to wait 1 millisecond after a high pulse is received
from the host computer, then take a few measurements. The same high pulse is applied to the Trigger Input (pin 3 of the BOP Trigger Port); the negative-going edge of this pulse will cause the BOP
to increment the output to the next level. Thus, each time the host computer issues a positive
pulse, the BOP increments and the DVMs take measurements on the trailing (negative-going)
edge of the positive pulse. The positive pulse must be greater than 4 milliseconds in width for this
example to operate correctly.
3. The explanation below shows how each step of the list functions once the list is entered and
VOLT:MODE LIST (the last step) is executed.
list:cle
Clears the list.
list:volt:apply level,.001,0
Establishes the list as a voltage list, output set to 0V.
list:dwell:points?
Returns 10. (Levels below 3 milliseconds use 10 points.)
list:wait:high 0
Maintains output at 0V, waits for Input trigger high before proceeding.
--- Host computer issues high pulse. Trigger input goes high and List proceeds to next point.
list:wait:low 0
Maintains output at 0V, waits for Input Trigger low before proceeding.
--- Input Trigger goes low at trailing (negative-going) edge of pulse from host commuter and List
proceeds to next point. One millisecond after pulse issued, DVM takes measurements.
list:wait:high 1.1
Sets output to 1.1V (next point in waveform), waits for Input Trigger high
before proceeding.
--- Host computer issues another high pulse. Trigger input goes high and List proceeds to next
point.
list:wait:low 1.1
Maintains output at 1.1V, waits for Input Trigger low before proceeding.
--- Input Trigger goes low at trailing (negative-going) edge of pulse from host computer and List
proceeds to next point. One millisecond after pulse issued, DVM takes measurements.
list:dwell:points?
Returns the current point location (6). (Used for list:repeat.)
list:wait:high 2.2.
Sets output to 2.2V (next point in waveform), waits for Input Trigger high
before proceeding.
--- Host computer issues another high pulse. Trigger input goes high and List proceeds to next
point.
list:wait:low 2.2
Maintains output at 2.2V, waits for Input Trigger low before proceeding.
--- Input Trigger goes low at trailing (negative-going) edge of pulse from host computer and List
proceeds to next point. One millisecond after pulse issued, DVM takes measurements.
list:dwell:points?
Returns the current point location (16).
list:repeat 6,7,3.3,4.4,5.5,6.6,7.7
Repeats step 6 and 7 (list:wait:high and list:wait:low), except each pair is
set to the voltage specified in the array. This adds 10 points to the list and
sets the output values of each pair to be 3.3V, 4.4V, 5.5V, 6.6V, 7.7V.
list:count 2
Implements the waveform through two loops of the data.
list:dwell:points?
Returns 10.
list:count:skip 10
Bypass the first step in the repeated points.
curr 5;:outp on
Set output on, output current to 5A.
--- Ensure Input Trigger is low.
VOLT:MODE LIST
Executes the above list. At each low transition of the trigger line the BOP
increases its output voltage in 1.1 volt increments. The time period for
each increment is controlled not by the internal clock of the BOP but
rather the high-to-low edge of the pulse from the host computer. The use
of LIST:WAIT:HIGH followed by LIST:WAIT:LOW ensures the BOP waits
for a high-to-low edge transition on the trigger input before increasing the
output.
FIGURE B-6.
B-20
USING LIST:WAIT COMMANDS TO CONTROL GENERATION OF A WAVEFORM MEASURED BY
MULTIPLE EXTERNAL DEVICES USING A SINGLE EXTERNAL PULSE
BOP-1K 101509
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
2. This example assumes a BOP and a DVM is connected to a Unit Under Test (UUT). The DVM is
connected to EXT_E/ EXT_C (pins 5/6 of the BOP External Protection port). When the BOP outputs a low EXT_E/ EXT_C, The DVM takes a series of measurements and places its wait line low.
The DVM Wait line is connected to the Trigger Input (pin 3 of the of the BOP. When the Trigger
Input goes high (indicating the DVM has completed its measurements) the BOP will advance to the
next point. For this example it is assumed that the DVM will complete its measurement within 25
milliseconds to 75 milliseconds unless a problem is encountered. A “dead man” timer is implemented that allows up to 99 milliseconds for the measurement to complete before automatically
proceeding to the next point, thereby preventing hang-ups due to a measurement problem.
3. The explanation below shows how each step of the list functions once the list is entered and
VOLT:MODE LIST (the last step) is executed.
list:cle
List:set:wait .0333
list:set:trigger .001,ON
Clear list.
Set wait time to max allowed value (33 milliseconds).
Set trigger pulse width to 1 millisecond. Transistor across pins 5 and 6
of External Protection Port is now set off.
list:volt:apply level,.001,10
Create first point (10V).
list:dwell:points?
Returns 10.
list:trigger 10
Maintains output at 10V, generates a 1 millisecond 0V trigger pulse
applied to DVM, causing DVM to make measurement.
Trigger input low while DVM makes measurement.
list:wait:high 10
Wait for DVM to complete measurement for 33 milliseconds. Proceed to
next step if trigger input goes high (meaning the measurement is complete) or 33 milliseconds elapsed, whichever comes first.
Trigger input low while DVM makes measurement.
list:wait:high 10
Wait for DVM to complete measurement for another 33 milliseconds.
Proceed to next step if trigger input goes high (meaning the measurement is complete) or 33 milliseconds elapsed, whichever comes first
Trigger input low while makes measurement.
list:wait:high 10
Wait for DVM complete measurement for another 33 milliseconds
(these three steps allow a maximum wait time of 99 milliseconds. Proceed to next step if trigger input goes high (meaning the measurement
is complete) or 33 milliseconds elapsed, whichever comes first.
list:repeat 10,13,20,30,40,50,60,70,80,90 Repeats steps 10 through 13 (from list:apply level to the third
list:wait:high 10) for the other 8 voltages (20, 30, . . . 90).
list:count 10
Repeat sequence ten times.
curr 2;:outp on
Establishes BOP output current of 2A.
volt:mode list
Executes the above list. A level is applied to the BOP output. One 1 millisecond later the transistor at EXT_E and EXT_C (pins 5 and 6 of the
External Protection Port) conducts, providing a low to the DVM. The
DVM immediately places the BOP trigger input low. The BOP waits for
the trigger input to go high, then outputs the next level in the list. If the
trigger input never goes high, the three wait statements will maintain the
level for 33 milliseconds each. After 99 milliseconds (three wait statements) has expired, the new voltage level will be provided at the output.
In this example, the pulse must be less than 1 millisecond. but at least
50 microseconds long to insure proper operation of the program.
FIGURE B-7.
BOP-1K 101509
USING LIST:WAIT COMMANDS TO ALLOW AN EXTERNAL DEVICE TIME TO
FUNCTION WHILE IMPOSING A MAXIMUM WAIT TIME
B-21
LIST:VOLT:APPL
B.77 [SOURce:]LIST:VOLT:APPLy COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:VOLT:APPL <type>,<value1>,<value2>[,<value3>]
Long Form: LIST:VOLTage:APPLy <type>,<value1>,<value2>[,<value3>]
Where <type> is {SQUARE | RAMP+ | RAMP- | TRIANGLE | SINE | LEVEL}
<value1> is frequency (or period (duration) for level)
<value2> is p-p amplitude (or amplitude (offset) for level)
<value3> is offset (optional, default is 0, not applicable to level)
Description: Causes the unit to add a series of points to both the list:volt array and the list:dwell array to
make either a level or a waveform of one of five types. Refer to table 3-11 for a description of the
waveform types. The waveform type specified is generated at the frequency specified with a peak-topeak amplitude centered on zero. If the optional offset value is specified, the center of the generated
series of points is moved off zero. The apply generator takes into account the soft limits for the voltage
channel and insures the generated array does not exceed the unit’s capabilities.
B.78 [SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage:APPLy:SWEep COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:VOLT:APPL:SWE
Short Form: LIST:VOLT:APPL:SWE <>,
Long Form: LIST:VOLTage:APPLy:SWEep <value1>,<value2>
Where <value1> is start angle. Valid from 0 to 359.99 degrees.
<value2> is stop angle. Valid from 0.01 to 360.00 degrees
Description: Allows the user to provide a starting angle for either triangle and sine waveforms and an
optional stop angle. If the stop angle is not supplied, the unit defaults to 360 degrees. This command
should be placed at the beginning of the waveform program to be applicable to all sine and triangle
waveform segments.
B.79 [SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage:APPLy:SWEep? QUERY
Syntax:
LIST:VOLT:APPL:SWE?
Short Form: LIST:VOLT:APPL:SWE? Long Form: LIST:VOLTage:APPLy:SWEep?
Return Value: <value1>, <value2>(0.01 to 360)
Description: Returns start <value1> and stop <value2> angle in degrees for either triangle and sine waveforms.
B.80 [SOURce:]LIST:VOLTage:POINts? QUERY
Syntax:
LIST:VOLT:POIN?
Short Form: LIST:VOLT:POIN? Long Form: LIST:VOLTage:POINts?
Return Value: <n> where n = number of points used
Description: Identifies the total number of points in a list and the next location to be filled by LIST:VOLT
command. The LIST:VOLT pointer is initially at 0 via LIST:CLE. For each data point entered by a
LIST:VOLT command the list pointer is incremented If LIST:VOLT:POIN? returns 5, the LIST:VOLT
pointer is at 5 indicating there are 5 data points comprising the list (locations 0 though 4) and location
5 is the next to be filled. If LIST:CURR has any entries, an error message: -221,"Settings conflict" is
posted in the error queue. Related Commands: LIST:VOLT. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B.81 [SOURce:]LIST:WAIT:HIGH COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:WAIT:HIGH
Short Form: LIST:WAIT:HIGH value
Long Form: LIST:WAIT:HIGH value
where:
<value> = programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Waits for the trigger input to go high before advancing to next step. When the command is executed the output is immediately set to the <value>. Pins 1 (GND) and 3 of the Trigger Port are used as
the input trigger. If the trigger input is high (TTL logic 1 or open circuit) and a wait time has been established by LIST:SET:WAIT, the step is immediately skipped. If the trigger input is low (TTL logic 0 or
short-circuit), the unit will proceed to the next step when either a) the trigger input goes high or b) the
wait time expires (non-zero wait values only), whichever comes first. If the wait time is 0, the unit must
wait until the trigger input goes high before proceeding to the next step.
In all cases, the trigger input must be high or low for at least 0.4 milliseconds to be considered stable.
This 0.4 millisecond delay provides a noise filter to insure only a level causes the output change.
This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR or LIST:VOLT command, otherwise a -221 “Settings
Conflict” error results. The entries of the dwell list must match the values in the current or voltage list,
otherwise a -226 “Lists Not Same Length” error results. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
B-22
BOP-1K 101509
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
2. The WAIT commands provide a method to synchronize multiple instruments to a common control pulse. This example assumes BOP and a number of switching DVMs are connected to a
Unit Under Test (UUT). The DVMs are programmed to wait 1 millisecond after a low-going
edge is received from the host computer, then take a few measurements. The same low-going
edge is applied to the Trigger Input (pin 3 of the BOP Trigger Port); the negative-going edge of
this pulse will cause the BOP to increment the output to the next level. Thus, each time the host
computer issues a positive pulse, the BOP increments and the DVMs take measurements on
the trailing (negative-going) edge of the positive pulse. The positive pulse can be very short
(less than 2 microseconds) with this functionality.
3. The explanation below shows how each step of the list functions once the list is entered and
VOLT:MODE LIST (the last step) is executed.
list:cle
list:volt:apply level,.001,0
list:dwell:points?
list:wait:ledge 0
---
Clears the list.
Establishes the list as a voltage list, output set to 0V.
Returns 10. (Wait of 33 milliseconds uses 10 points.)
Maintains output at 0V, waits for Input trigger to have a high to low
edge before proceeding.
Host computer issues high pulse. Input Trigger goes low at trailing (negative-going) edge of
pulse from host commuter and List proceeds to next point. One millisecond after pulse issued,
DVM takes measurements.
list:dwell:points?
Returns the current point location (3). (Used for list:repeat.)
list:repeat 9,10,1.1,2.2,3.3,4.4,5.5,6.6,7.7 Repeats step 9 and 10 (list:volt:apply lev and list:wait:ledge),
except each pair is set to the voltage specified in the array. This
adds 14 points to the list and sets the output values of each pair to
be 1.1V, 2.2V, 3.3V, 4.4V, 5.5V, 6.6V and 7.7V.
list:count 2
Implements the waveform through two loops of the data.
curr 5;:outp on
Set output on, output current to 5A.
VOLT:MODE LIST
Executes the above list. At each high-to-low transition of the Trigger
Port input, the BOP increases its output voltage in 1.1 volt increments. The duration of each increment is not controlled by the internal clock of the BOP, but instead by the high-to-low edge of the
pulse from the host computer.
FIGURE B-8. USING LIST:WAIT COMMANDS TO CONTROL GENERATION OF A WAVEFORM MEASURED BY
MULTIPLE EXTERNAL DEVICES USING THE LOW-GOING LEADING EDGE OF AN EXTERNAL PULSE
B.82 [SOURce:]LIST:WAIT:LEDGE COMMAND
Syntax:
LIST:WAIT:LEDG
Short Form: LIST:WAIT:LEDG value
Long Form: LIST:WAIT:LEDGe value
where:
<value> = programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Waits for the leading edge of the trigger input to go low before proceeding to the next step. If
the trigger input is already low, the signal must go high then low for the leading edge to be accepted.
When the command is executed the output is immediately set to the <value>. Pins 1 (GND) and 3 of
the Trigger Port are used as the input trigger. If the trigger input goes from high to low (TTL logic 0 or
short-circuit) and a wait time has been established by LIST:SET:WAIT, the unit will proceed to the next
step when either a) the trigger input goes low or b) the wait time expires (non-zero wait values only),
whichever comes first. If the wait time is 0, the unit must wait until the trigger input goes from high to
low before proceeding to the next step.
This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR or LIST:VOLT command, otherwise a -221 “Settings
Conflict” error results. The entries of the dwell list must match the values in the current or voltage list,
otherwise a -226 “Lists Not Same Length” error results. (See Figure B-8.)
BOP-1K 101509
B-23
LIST:WAIT:LOW
B.83 [SOURce:]LIST:WAIT:LOW COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: LIST:WAIT:LOW value
Long Form: LIST:WAIT:LOW value
where:
<value> = programmed current (Amps) for current list, or programmed voltage (Volts) for voltage list.
Description: Waits for the trigger input to go low before advancing to next step. When the command is executed the output is immediately set to the <value>. Pins 1 (GND) and 3 of the Trigger Port are used as
the input trigger. If the trigger input is low (TTL logic 0 or short-circuit) and a wait time has been established by LIST:SET:WAIT, the step is immediately skipped. If the trigger input is high (TTL logic 1 or
open circuit), the unit will proceed to the next step when either a) the trigger input goes low or b) the
wait time expires (non-zero wait values only), whichever comes first. If the wait time is 0, the unit must
wait until the trigger input goes low before proceeding to the next step.
In all cases, the trigger input must be high or low for at least 2 microseconds to be considered stable.
This 2 microsecond delay provides a noise filter to insure only a level causes the output change.
This command must be preceded by LIST:CURR or LIST:VOLT command, otherwise a -221 “Settings
Conflict” error results. The entries of the dwell list must match the values in the current or voltage list,
otherwise a -236 “Lists Unbalanced” error results. (See Figures B-6 and B-7.)
VOLT
B.84 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV][:IMM][:AMP] <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude] <exp_value>
<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Sets programmed voltage level at power supply output. This command programs output voltage
to a specific value; actual output voltage will depend on load conditions. If the value exceeds the maximum for the model being programmed, error message -222,”Data out of range” is posted in output
queue. (See example, Figure B-1.)
VOLT?
B.85 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude]? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV][:IMM][:AMP]? {MIN | MAX}
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel][:IMMediate][:AMPlitude]? {MIN | MAX}
Description: Identifies programmed voltage, maximum allowable voltage, or minimum voltage. The VOLT?
query returns the programmed value of voltage. Actual output voltage will depend on load conditions.
The VOLT?MAX query returns the maximum voltage allowed for a particular model. VOLT? MIN
returns minimum voltage allowed for power supply (always negative). Related Commands: VOLT.
(See example, Figure B-1.)
VOLT:LIM[:BOTH]
B.86 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH] COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:LIM[:BOTH] <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH] <value>
where <value> is between zero and rated (nominal) output voltage
Description: Establishes the software limit <value> for output voltage, i.e., sets the maximum value of positive or
negative output voltage that the unit will be allowed to produce. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to
save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.87 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit[:BOTH]? QUERY
Syntax:
VOLT:LIM[:BOTH]?
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:LIM[:BOTH]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:[:BOTH]?
Returns <value>
Description: Identifies the software limit value for both positive and negative output voltage specified by the user.
B-24
BOP-1K 101509
B.88 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative COMMAND
Syntax:
VOLT:LIM:NEG
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:LIM:NEG <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative <value>
where <value> is between zero and rated (nominal) output voltage
Description: Establishes the software limit <value> for negative output voltage, i.e., sets the maximum value of
negative output voltage that the unit will be allowed to produce. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to
save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.89 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative? QUERY
Syntax:
VOLT:LIM:NEG?
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:LIM:NEG? <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:NEGative? <value>
Description: Identifies the software limit value for negative output voltage specified by the user.
B.90 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:POSitive COMMAND
Syntax:
VOLT:LIM:POS
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:LIM:POS <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:POSitive <value>
where <value> is between zero and rated (nominal) output voltage
Description: Establishes the software limit <value> for positive output voltage, i.e., sets the maximum value of positive output voltage that the unit will be allowed to produce. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save
for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.91 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:POSitive? QUERY
Syntax:
VOLT:LIM:POS?
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:LIM:POS? <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:LIMit:POSitive? <value>
Description: Identifies the software limit value for positive output voltage specified by the user.
B.92 [SOURce:]VOLTage:MODE COMMAND
Syntax:
VOLT:MODE
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT:MODE (FIX | LIST | TRAN <nn> | EXT | GAIN | PROT)
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage:MODE (FIXed | LIST | TRANsient <nn> | EXTernal | GAIN | PROTect)
nn = <value> = time in seconds for transient (from 0.0005 to 2)
Description: Allows the user to execute or stop a list, to execute a transient, or to use an external reference.
The default mode is FIXed: the power supply executes commands normally, and LIST commands can
be issued to establish the parameters and sequence of a list. This command affects the main channel,
whether voltage or current.
When VOLT:MODE LIST is issued, a list is executed (See LIST commands and Figure B-5). While
the list is being executed, LIST commands are not accepted and will produce a command error. Issuing
VOLT:MODE FIX while the list is running will stop the execution of the list and return power supply to
settings in effect prior to running the list. If the list runs to completion, the settings of the last step of the
list will be in effect.
VOLT:MODE TRAN nn causes the next VOLT: or CURR: command to produce a transient pulse of
nn seconds duration, after which the voltage returns to original value. E.g., VOLT:25 sets the output to
25 volts, and VOLT:MODE TRAN 0.1 primes the unit for a transient of 0.1 seconds. When VOLT:10 is
issued, the power supply output goes to 10V for 0.1 seconds. Similarly, sending VOLT:TRIG 14,
VOLT:MODE TRAN .05 and *TRG causes the output to go to 14V for 0.05 seconds. If the time nn
exceeds 2 seconds, error message -222 “dwell or frequency out range” is posted to the error queue.
VOLT:MODE EXT Configures the unit to use an external reference to change the output voltage;
±10V reference produces output = ±Eo (rated) (Fixed gain = Eo (rated).
VOLT:MODE GAIN Configures the unit to use an external reference to provide a proportional output
voltage.
VOLT:MODE PROT - allows main channel (CURR or VOLT) to accept values up to the protection
limits of the power supply without generating an error. For example for a BOP 36-28MG in current
mode, after sending VOLT:MODE PROT, sending VOLT 36.4 would set the protection levels to 36.4
and main channel level to 36.
Related Commands: LIST commands. (See example, Figure B-5.)
BOP-1K 101509
B-25
VOLT:MODE?
B.93 [SOURce:]VOLTage:MODE? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:MODE?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:MODE?
Return value: FIX, LIST, TRANS, EXT, or GAIN
Description: Identifies active voltage mode. See PAR. B.92 for further details Related Commands: LIST commands. (See example, Figure B-5.)
B.94 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:BOTH COMMAND
Syntax:
VOLT:PROT[:BOTH]
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT[:BOTH] <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:[BOTH] <value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
voltage.
Description: Establishes the both the positive and negative protection limits for voltage. If the protection limits are
not identical the unit automatically reduces the appropriate limit (see Figure B-9).
NOTE:
The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage mode.
volt:protect:limit:pos 5
volt:protect:limit:neg 15
volt:protect 10
volt:prot:pos?
volt:prot:neg?
volt:protect 18
volt:prot:pos?
volt:prot:neg?
FIGURE B-9.
Sets positive voltage protection limit to +5V.
Sets negative voltage protection limit to -15V.
Attemps to set voltage protection levels to ±10V. No error generated.
Returns 5 (positive voltage protection set to +5V since 5 is less than
10.
Returns 10 (negative voltage protection set to -10V.
Sets both voltage protection limits to +18V. No error generated.
Returns 5 (positive voltage protection set to +5V since 5 is less than
18.
Returns 15 (negative voltage protection set to -15V, since 15 is less
than 18
USING PROT:LIM:POS AND PROT:LIM:POS COMMANDS TO SET ASYMMETRICAL LIMITS
B.95 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH]? QUERY
Syntax:
VOLT:PROT[:BOTH]?
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT[:BOTH]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect[:BOTH]?
Returns <exp_value>,<exp_value>
Description: Identifies the protection limits for voltage (positive, negative); maximum is 1% greater than rated output voltage.
B.96 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:MODE (EXT | FIX | LESS |)
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE (EXTernal | FIXed | LESSer |)
Description:Determines how voltage protection limits are controlled.
FIXED - Allows the limits to be controlled by digital signals from either the keypad (if the unit is in local
mode) or SCPI command (if the unit is in remote mode).
EXTERNAL: Allows the limits to be controlled by analog signals applied to the analog port; limits set
from the keypad or SCPI command have no effect (see PAR. 3.3.6.1).
LESSER LIMIT: Allows protect limit to be automatically selected from either 1) the external analog
voltage applied to the Analog I/O port or 2) the value set from the keypad or SCPI command). Whichever limit has a lower absolute value (closest to zero) has effect
B.97 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE? QUERY
Syntax:
VOLT:PROT:MODE
VOLT:PROT:MODE?
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:MODE?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:MODE?
Returns FIX, EXT or LESS
Description: Identifies how voltage protection limits are controlled: FIX for Fixed, EXT for external, LESS for the
lesser of the internal (fixed) and external protection limit values (See PAR. B.96 for details).
B-26
BOP-1K 101509
VOLT:PROT:NEG
B.98 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:NEG <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative <exp_value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
voltage.
Description: Establishes the negative protection limit for voltage; maximum is 1% greater than rated output voltage.
VOLT:PROT:NEG?
B.99 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:NEG?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:NEGative?
Returns: <exp_value>
Description: Identifies the negative protection limit for voltage.
VOLT:PROT:POS
B.100 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:POS <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive <exp_value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
voltage.
Description: Establishes the positive protection limit for voltage; maximum is 1% greater than rated output voltage.
VOLT:PROT:POS?
B.101 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:POS?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:POSitive?
Returns: <exp_value>
Description: Identifies the positive protection limit for voltage.
B.102 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:BOTH COMMAND
VOLT:PROT:LIM[:BOTH]
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:LIMit[:BOTH] <value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIM[:BOTH <value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
voltage.
Description: Establishes the maximum value possible for both the positive and negative protection limits for voltage. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.103 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH]? QUERY
VOLT:PROT:LIM[:BOTH]?
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:LIM[:BOTH]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit[:BOTH]?
Returns <exp_value>,<exp_value>
Description: Identifies the maximum value possible for protection limits for voltage (positive, negative); maximum is
1% greater than rated output voltage.
B.104 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative COMMAND
VOLT:PROT:LIM:NEG
Syntax:
BOP-1K 101509
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:NEG <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative <exp_value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
voltage.
Description:Establishes the minimum (maximum absolute) value possible for the negative protection
limit for voltage. This may be set up to 1% greater than rated voltage. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR.
B.12) to save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B-27
B.105 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative? QUERY
VOLT:PROT:LIM:NEG?
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:NEG?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:NEGative?
Returns: <exp_value>
Description:Identifies the minimum (maximum absolute) value possible for the negative protection limit
for voltage.
B.106 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive COMMAND
VOLT:PROT:LIM:POS
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:POS <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive <exp_value>
where <value> is between minimum (box) value (Figure 1-3) and 1% above rated (nominal) output
voltage.
Description:Establishes the maximum value possible for the positive protection limit for voltage. This
may be set up to 1% greater than rated voltage. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for power
up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.107 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive? QUERY
VOLT:PROT:LIM:POS?
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:PROT:LIM:POS?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:PROTect:LIMit:POSitive?
Returns: <exp_value>
Description:Identifies the maximum value possible for the positive protection limit for voltage.
VOLT:TRIG
B.108 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude] COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:TRIG[:AMP] <exp_value>
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude] <exp_value>
<exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Programs voltage value to be transferred to output by *TRG command. Actual output voltage will
depend on load conditions. If the value exceeds the maximum for the model being programmed, error
message -222,”Data out of range” is posted in output queue. If value exceeds VOLT:LIM:HIGH value,
a value corresponding to the voltage limit will be programmed.
VOLT:TRIG?
B.109 [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude]? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: [SOUR:]VOLT[:LEV]:TRIG[:AMP]?
Long Form: [SOURce:]VOLTage[:LEVel]:TRIGgered[:AMPlitude]?
Return Value: <exp_value> = digits with decimal point and Exponent, e.g., 2.71E1 for 27.1
Description: Returns value representing voltage value to be programmed by *TRG command established by
VOLT:TRIG command).
STAT:OPER:COND?
B.110 STATus:OPERation:CONDition? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:OPER:COND?
Return Value: <int_value>
Long Form: STATus:OPERation:CONDition?
Description: Returns the value of the Operation Condition Register (see Table B-3). The Operation Condition
Register contains unlatched real-time information about the operating conditions of the power supply.
Bit set to 1 = function enabled (active, true); bit reset to 0 = function disabled (inactive, false). (See
example, Figure B-10.)
TABLE B-3. OPERATION CONDITION REGISTER, OPERATION ENABLE REGISTER,
AND OPERATION EVENT REGISTER BITS
CONDITION
NU
LR
NU
LC
SC
CC
TC
CV
NU
TA
WTG
NU
BIT
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4-0
512
256
128
64
32
16 -1
VALUE
B-28
32,768 16,384 8192 4096 2048 1024
CC
CV
LC
LR
NU
SC
TC
TA
WTG
Constant Current Mode
Constant Voltage Mode
List Complete
List Running
Not Used
Sample Complete
Transient Complete
Transient Armed
Waiting For Trigger
BOP-1K 101509
STAT:OPER:ENAB
B.111 STATus:OPERation:ENABle COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form:
Long Form:
STAT:OPER:ENAB <int_value>
STATus:OPERation:ENABle <int_value>
Description: Sets Operation Enable Register. The Operation Enable Register is a mask for enabling specific bits
in the Operation Event Register which will cause the operation summary bit (bit 7) of the Status Byte
register to be set Bit set to 1 = function enabled (active, true); bit reset to 0 = function disabled (inactive, false). The operation summary bit is the logical OR of all the enabled bits in the Operation Event
register. (See example, Figure B-10.)
STAT:OPER:ENAB?
B.112 STATus:OPERation:ENABle? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:OPER:ENAB?
Return Value: <int_value>
Long Form: STATus:OPERation:ENABle?
Description: Reads Operation Enable Register (see Table B-3). Returns value of Operation Enable Register bits.
Bit set to 1 = function enabled (active, true); bit reset to 0 = function disabled (inactive, false). (See
example, Figure B-10.)
STAT:OPER?
B.113 STATus:OPERation[:EVENt] QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:OPER[:EVEN]?
Return Value: <int_value>
Long Form: STATus:OPERation[:EVENt]?
Description: Indicates changes in conditions monitored by Operational Event Register (see Table B-3).
Returns the value of the Operation Event register. The Operation Event register is a read-only register
which holds (latches) all events that occur. Reading the Operation Event register clears it. (See example, Figure B-10.)
STAT:PRES
B.114 STATus:PRESet COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:PRES
Long Form: STATus:PRESet
Description: Disables reporting of all status events. This command sets the Operation Enabled Register (Table
B-3) to 8193 and the Questionable Register to 255. (See example, Figure B-10.)
STAT:QUES?
B.115 STATus:QUEStionable[:EVENt]? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:QUES[EVEN]?
Long Form: STATus:QUEStionable[EVENT]?
Return Value: <int_value> actual register value
Description: Indicates the latched condition of the Questionable Event register. Returns the value of the
Questionable Event register (see Table B-4). The Questionable Event register is a read-only register
which holds (latches) all events. Only bits 13 and 12 are latched in the Status Questionable Event register. Bits 0 and 1 of the Status Questionable Condition Register are not latched in the power supply.
Reading the Questionable Event register clears it. (See example, Figure B-10.)
TABLE B-4. QUESTIONABLE EVENT REGISTER, QUESTIONABLE CONDITION REGISTER
AND QUESTIONABLE CONDITION ENABLE REGISTER BITS
CONDITION
NU
SINK
CE
VE
NU
SE
NU
BIT
15
14
13
12
11 - 7
6
5-4
3
2
1
0
VALUE
32,768
16,359
8192
4096
2048 - 128
64
32-16
8
4
2
1
B.116 STATus:QUEStionable:CONDition? QUERY
Syntax:
TE NU CM VM
CE Current Error
CM Current Mode Error
NU Not Used
SE Slave Error
SINK Power Supply absorbing energy from load
TE Thermal Error
VE Voltage Error
VM Voltage Mode Error
STAT:QUES:COND?
Short Form: STAT:QUES:COND?
Long Form: STATus:QUEStionable:CONDition?
Return Value: <int_value> actual register value
Description: Returns the value of the Questionable Condition Register (see Table B-4). The Questionable
Condition Register contains unlatched real-time information about questionable conditions of the
power supply. Bit set to 1 = condition (active, true); bit reset to 0 = condition (inactive, false). Bits 1 or
0 may be both be set, indicating the power supply is settling after a voltage change. (See example,
Figure B-10.)
BOP-1K 101509
B-29
B.117 STATus:QUEStionable:ENABle COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:QUES:ENAB <int_value>
STAT:QUES:ENAB
Long Form: STATus:QUESionable:ENABle <int_value>
Description: Programs Questionable Condition Enable Register (see Table B-4).The Questionable Condition
Enable Register determines which conditions are allowed to set the Questionable Condition Register;
it is a mask for enabling specific bits in the Questionable Event register that can cause the questionable summary bit (bit 3) of the Status Byte register to be set. The questionable summary bit is the logical OR of all the enabled bits in the Questionable Event register. Bit set to 1 = function enabled
(active, true); bit reset to 0 = function disabled (inactive, false). (See example, Figure B-10.)
NOTES: 1. The power supply is assumed to be operating in constant voltage (CV) mode.
2 Examples below are intended only to illustrate command functions. Refer to PAR. 3.5.2 for
programming techniques to optimize performance.
OUTP:ON
STAT:PRES
Sets output on.
Operation Condition and Questionable Condition registers are
reset.
*CLS
Resets Enable Amplifier
STAT:QUES:ENAB 12228
Allows latching of CE and VE bits
STAT:OPER:ENAB 1280
Mask enabled for CC and CV bits.
STAT:OPER:ENAB?
Returns 1280 (256 + 1024) (CC and CV bits set).
INIT:CONT ON
Continuous triggers enabled.
STAT:OPER:COND?
Power supply returns 256 to indicate that power
supply is in constant voltage mode.
FUNC:MODE:CURR
Commands power supply to current mode.
STAT:OPER?
Returns 1024, indicating that since the last reading
of the Operation Event Register the power supply has entered
Constant Current mode.
STAT:OPER?
Returns 0 indicating no changes since previous reading of the
Operation Event register.
STAT:QUES?
Returns 0 (no questionable conditions occurred since previous
reading
--- OVERCURRENT CONDITION OCCURS
SYST:ERR?
Power supply returns 0,“No error” message.
*RST;:VOLT 5;CURR 1;OUTP ON
The BOP is in Voltage mode and delivering 5 Volts
*ESR?
Bop returns a 0 - all functions are normal
FUNC:MODE CURR
BOP is in Current mode
*ESR?;STAT:QUES:COND?
BOP returns 8;4097 - Current error.
*ESR?;STAT:QUES?
BOP returns 0;4096 - no new errors, Current Error
*ESR?;STAT:QUES?
BOP returns 0;0 - no new errors
MEAS:CURR?;VOLT?
BOP returns 1.0E-4;5.00003E0 - Voltage is 5 volts
STAT:QUES:COND?
BOP returns 4097 - error still in effect
Short is applied to the BOP
*ESR?:STAT:QUES:COND?
BOP returns 0;1 - Current mode is selected
MEAS:VOLT?;CURR?
BOP returns.1E-4;1.00003E0 - Current is 1 amperes
FUNC:MODE VOLT;*ESR?
BOP switches mode, returns 3 - settling
*ESR?:;STAT:QUES?
BOP returns 8;8194
Short is removed from the BOP output
STAT:QUES:COND?
BOP returns 2, voltage mode operation OK.
FIGURE B-10.
B-30
USING STATUS COMMANDS AND QUERIES
BOP-1K 101509
STAT:QUES:ENAB?
B.118 STATus:questionable:ENABle? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: STAT:QUES:ENAB?
Long Form: STATus:QUESionable:ENABle?
Return Value: <int_value> actual register value
Description: Reads Questionable Condition Enable Register (see Table B-4). Power supply returns value of
Questionable Condition Enable Register, indicating which conditions are being monitored. Bit set to 1
= function enabled (active, true); bit reset to 0 = function disabled (inactive, false). Related Commands: STAT:QUES?. (See example, Figure B-10.)
SYST:BEEP
B.119 SYSTem:BEEP COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:BEEP
Long Form: SYSTem:BEEP
Description:Causes the unit to emit a brief audible tone
SYST:COMM:GPIB:ADDR
B.120 SYSTem:COMMunication:GPIB:ADDRess COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:COMM:GPIB:ADDR<INT VAL> 0 to 30
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:GPIB:ADDRess<INT VAL> 0 to 30
Description:Sets selected power supply GPIB address. NOTE: After executing this command, subsequent commands must be directed to the new GPIB address. Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to save for
power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.121 SYSTem:COMMunication:GPIB:ADDRess? QUERY
Syntax:
SYST:COMM:GPIB:ADDR?
Short Form: SYST:COMM:GPIB:ADDR?
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:GPIB:ADDRess?
Return Value: <int_value> 0 to 30
Description: Identifies selected power supply GPIB address.
SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD
B.122 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:BAUD COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD {19200 | 9600 | 4800 | 2400}
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:BAUD {19200 | 9600 | 4800 | 2400}
Description: Sets the unit to operate at the specified baud rate. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special
programming considerations.
B.123 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:BAUD? QUERY
Syntax:
SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD?
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:BAUD?
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:BAUD?
Return Value: <int_value> {19200 | 9600 | 4800 | 2400}
Description: Returns operating baud rate.
SYST:COMM:SER:ECHO
B.124 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:ECHO COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:ECHO {ON | OFF} or {01 | 00}
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:ECHO {ON | OFF} or {01 | 00}
Description: Enables (ON) or disables (OFF) echo mode (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2). Sending ON or 01 causes all subsequent characters to be echoed back. Sending OFF or 00 turns off the character echo after the next
line terminator character. The *RST command has no effect on echo status. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.125 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:ECHO? QUERY
Syntax:
SYST:COMM:SER:ECHO?
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:ECHO?
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:ECHO?
Return Value: {01 | 00}
Description: Returns 01 when echo mode is active (ON) or 00 when disabled (OFF) (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.2).
BOP-1K 101509
B-31
SYST:COMM:SER:PACE
B.126 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PACE COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:PACE {NONE | XON}
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PACE {NONE | XON}
Description: Enables (XON) or disables (NONE) data flow control via the serial interface (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.1).
See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
B.127 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PACE? QUERY
Syntax:
SYST:COMM:SER:PACE?
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:PACE?
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PACE?
Return Value: {01 | 00}
Description: Returns 01 when data flow control via the serial interface is enabled (XON) or 00 when disabled
(NONE) (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.1).
B.128SYSTem:COMMunication:SERiaL:PROMpt COMMAND
Syntax:
SYST:COMM:SER:PROM
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:PROM {ON | OFF} or {0 | 1}
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PROMpt {ON | OFF} or {0 | 1}
Description: Enables (1 or ON) or disables (0 or OFF) prompt (see PAR. 3.5.6.2.3). Sending 1 or ON causes the
unit to return > character after the command is parsed. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special
programming considerations.
B.129 SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PROMpt? QUERY
Syntax:
SYST:COMM:SER:PROM?
Short Form: SYST:COMM:SER:PROM?
Long Form: SYSTem:COMMunication:SERial:PROMpt?
Return Value: {1 | 0}
Description: Returns 1 when prompt is enabled (ON) or 0 when disabled (OFF). (See PAR. 3.5.6.2.3.)
SYST:ERR?
B.130 SYSTem:ERRor? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:ERR?
Return Value: <int_value,string>
Long Form: SYSTem:ERRor?
Description: Posts error messages to the output queue. Returns the next error number followed by its corresponding error message string from the instrument error queue. The error queue is a FIFO (first in first
out) buffer that stores errors as they occur. As it is read, each error is removed from the queue and the
next error message is made available. When all errors have been read, the query returns 0,"No error".
If more errors are accumulated than the queue can hold, it will overflow. The oldest errors stay in the
queue but the most recent errors are discarded. The last error in the queue will be -350,"Queue Overflow." Error messages are defined in Table B-5.
SYST:ERR:CODE?
B.131 SYSTem:ERRor:CODE? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:ERR:CODE?]
Long Form: SYSTem:ERRor:CODE?
Description: Returns the three character error code without the ASCII definition string. The error codes are defined
in table B-5 (See example, Figure B-12.)
SYST:ERR:CODE:ALL?
B.132 SYSTem:ERRor:CODE:ALL? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:ERR:CODE:ALL?]
Return Value:
Long Form: SYSTem:ERRor:CODE:ALL?
Description: Returns a comma-separated list of all error codes. A maximum of 31 codes will be returned; if the
queue is empty, the power supply returns 0.
SYST:KEYB
B.133 SYSTem:KEYBoard COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:KEYB [DIS | ENAB]
Long Form: SYSTem:KEYBoard [DISable | ENABle]
Description: Locks (DIS) or unlocks (ENAB) the front panel keypad..
B-32
BOP-1K 101509
SYST:KEYB?
B.134 SYSTem:KEYBoard? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:KEYB?
Long Form: SYSTem:KEYBoard?
Returns: 1 or 0
Description:Identifies the state of the keypad: locked (1) or unlocked (0).
SYST:PASS:CEN
B.135 SYSTem:PASSword:CENable COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:PASS:CEN <val>
Long Form: SYSTem:PASSword:CENable <val>
Description: Sets the password enable state if the value matches the current Main password. This command
allows CALibrate commands to operate.
SYST:PASS:CDIS
B.136 SYSTem:PASSword:CDISable COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:PASS:CDIS
Long Form: SYSTem:PASSword:CDISable
Description: Clears the password enable state.
SYST:PASS:NEW
B.137 SYSTem:PASSword:NEW COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:PASS:NEW <old password>,<new password>
Long Form: SYSTem:PASSword:NEW <old password>,<new password>
Description: Establishes new password. The old (current) Main password is checked, then replaced by the new
password. Admin 1 and 2 passwords (PAR. 3.2.4.3) are not available. (See example, Figure B-12.)
See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
SYST:PASS:STAT?
B.138 SYSTem:PASSword:STATe? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:PASS:STAT?
Return Value: <int_value> 0 or 1
Long Form: SYSTem:PASSword:STATe?
Description: Returns a 1 if the password state is enabled or a 0 if it is disabled.
SYST:REM
B.139 SYSTem:REMote COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:REM {ON | OFF} or {1 | 0}
Long Form: SYSTem:REMote {ON | OFF} or {1 | 0}
Description: Used during serial (RS 232) communication to set the unit to remote (1 or ON) or local (0 or
OFF) mode. This command must be issued prior to commands that affect the power supply output
(e.g., VOLT 10;:OUTP ON) to ensure the unit is in remote mode. See PAR. 3.5.6.3 and Figure B-11.
SYST:REM?
B.140 SYSTem:REMote? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:REM?
Return Value: {1 | 0}
Long Form: SYSTem:REMote?
Description: Identifies whether unit it in remote mode (1) or local mode (0) during serial (RS 232) communication. See PAR. 3.5.6.3 and Figure B-11.
*IDN?
outp?
syst:rem?
syst:rem 1
outp on
outp?
syst:rem 0
FIGURE B-11.
BOP-1K 101509
Unit responds with KEPCO,BOP 50-20,E1234,1.66 (typical).
Unit responds with 0 indicating output is off
Unit responds with 0 indicating unit is in local mode.
Puts unit in remote mode.
Enables output
Unit responds with 1 (output on).
Unit set to local mode.
SETTING THE UNIT TO REMOTE MODE VIA SERIAL (RS 232) PORT
B-33
SYST:SEC:IMM
B.141 SYSTem:SECurity:IMMediate COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:SEC:IMM
Long Form: SYSTem:SECurity:IMMediate
Description: Initializes all NVRAM variable to factory defaults. Empties all memory locations. See PAR. 3.5.2.2
and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations. This command is password protected (must
be preceded by SYST:PASS:CEN (see PAR B.135).
SYST:SET
B.142 SYSTem:SET COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: SYSTem:SET {CM0 | CM1 | DCL0 | DCL1 | LF0 | LF1 | RO0 | RO1}
Long Form: SYSTem:SET {CM0 | CM1 | DCL0 | DCL1 | LF0 | LF1 | RO0 | RO1}
Description: Establishes Device Clear, Line Feed, OUTP command and Reset functions. Sending
SYST:SEC:IMM sets LF1, DC0, and RO0 (as if CM0 was sent). Requires MEM:UPD (PAR. B.12) to
save for power up. See PAR. 3.5.2.2 and Figure 3-16 for special programming considerations.
DCL0
DCL1
LF0
LF1
RO0
RO1
CM0
CM1
Device Clear functions per IEEE 488.2 Standard. (No effect on the device (power supply),
only clears internal status registers.)
Device Clear functions identical to *RST (Output set to 0V, voltage mode and output set to
OFF except if RO1 (see below) is set.)
Line Feed not provided upon empty buffer condition
Line Feed provided if buffer is empty and a read is performed.
*RST and power up set output to OFF, 0V, 0A, voltage mode.
*RST sets output to ON, 0V, 0A, voltage mode. Subsequent VOLT and CURR commands
are immediately present at the output without sending OUTP ON (OUTP OFF and OUTP
ON function normally to turn the output off or on.)
Establishes DCL0, LF0, RO0 conditions described above. (SCPI 1997 Standard compliance)
Establishes DCL1, LF1, RO1 conditions described above. (Compatible with software versions 1.2 and earlier) (See example, Figure B-12.)
SYST:SET?
B.143 SYSTem:SET? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:SET?
Long Form: SYSTem:SET?
Return Value: DCL<n>,LF<n>,RO<n> where n = 0 or 1
Description: Identifies functions established by SYST:SET command. (See example, Figure B-12.)
SYST:VERS?
B.144 SYSTem:VERSion? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: SYST:VERS?
Long Form: SYSTem:VERSion?
Return Value: <int_value>.<int_value> (YYYY.V)
Description: Identifies SCPI Version implemented. Returns SCPI Version number:
YYYY = year, V = Revision number for specified year. (See example, Figure B-12.)
SYST:VERS?
SYST:SET?
SYST:PASS:NEW DEFAULT,OKAY
SYST:SET LF1,RL1,DC1
SYST:PASS:CEN OKAY
MEM:UPDATE INTERFACE
FIGURE B-12.
B-34
Unit returns 1997
Unit returns DC0,LF0,RL0,OUT0
Unit changes password to be OKAY
Configures Device Clear, Line Feed and Reset
(see PAR. B.142).
Password enabled commands are accepted
Unit saves the LF1 state for next power on cycle.
USING SYSTEM COMMANDS AND QUERIES
BOP-1K 101509
TRIG:SOUR
B.145 TRIGger:SOURce COMMAND
Syntax:
Short Form: TRIG:SOUR {BUS | EXT | IMM}
Long Form: TRIGger:SOURce {BUS | EXT | IMM}
Description: Selects the active trigger source. When TRIG:SOUR BUS is set, an event trigger is created by
sending either *TRG or GPIB <GET> commands. When TRIG:SOUR EXT is set, the trigger is created
by connecting the external trigger line (J2, pin 4 or pin 3 of the mating connector for J2) to analog signal ground (J2, pin 1 or J2 mating connector, pin 1). The trigger must be armed by sending either
INIT:IMM or INIT:CONT enable (ON) commands prior to sending the selected trigger command. (see
PAR. A.16). Receipt of the active trigger causes the power supply to program to the previously stored
values of VOLT:TRIG and CURR:TRIG (actual output voltage/current is dependent upon the load).
Sending TRIG:SOUR IMM causes the next VOLT:TRIG or CURR:TRIG to immediately program the
output, regardless of trigger arming. *RST sets TRIG:SOUR to IMMediate. Related Commands:
<GET>, *TRG, INIT:IMM, INIT:CONT.
TRIG:SOUR?
B.146 TRIGger:SOURce? QUERY
Syntax:
Short Form: TRIG:SOUR?
Long Form: TRIGger:SOURce?
Returns: BUS, IMMEDIATE or EXTERNAL
Description: Identifies whether internal, immediate or external trigger is activated.
TABLE B-5. ERROR MESSAGES
ERROR MESSAGE
0,“No error”
ESR ERROR BIT SET
(SEE PAR. A.5)
None
EXPLANATION
No error
1,"Interprocessor communications error"
Device Error bit 3 (1) Interprocessor communications error
2,"Configuration error"
Device Error bit 3 (1) Configuration error
10,"Program Error"
Device Error bit 3 (1) Program error
1xx01,"A3 Output Temperature Error"
1xx02,"A2 Output Temperature Error"
1xx03,"Output Overcurrent"
1xx04,"Output Overvoltage"
1xx05," A2 Instant Overcurrent"
1xx06,"A2 (+)15V BUS Missing"
1xx07,"A3 Overcurrent"
1xx08,"A4 Module Temperature Error”
1xx09,"A4 Output Voltage Error”
1xx10,"A4 Input Section Error”
1xx11,"A2 Input Over Current Error “
1xx12,"A4 (–)15VS Missing”
Device Error bit 3 (1) Indicates the power supply or one of the connected power
supplies has detected an error. These errors are an indication of a hardware problem in either the BOP or the BOP
system consisting of a master and up to four slave BOPs to
create additional current or voltage. The last two digits of the
error code indicate the type of error and its source; xx indicates the position of the unit on the BITBUS:
xx = 1: Device 1 (Master)
xx = 2: Device 1 (Slave 1)
xx = 3: Device 1 (Slave 2)
xx = 4: Device 1 (Slave 3)
xx = 5: Device 1 (Slave 4)
2yy01,"OVER TEMPERATURE”
2yy02,"CROWBAR ACTIVE"
2yy03,"DEVICE TURNED OFF"
2yy04,\"CURRENT FAULT"
2yy05,"POWER LOSS"
2yy06,"VOLTAGE FAULT"
2yy07,"RELAY OPEN",
2yy08,"POLARITY ERROR"
2yy09,"OVERLOAD"
Device Error bit 3 (1) Indicates a hardware problem has been detected in either
the BOP power supply or an auxiliary power supply, such as
Kepco’s MST, MAT, MBT or low power (under 1KW) BOP,
connected to the BITBUS. The last two digits of the error
code indicate the type of error detected,; yy indicates the
position of the unit on the BITBUS
yy = 2: Device 2 through yy = 15: Device 15
-100,“Command error”
Command Error bit 5
Command and data understood, but more information
included which is not recognized.
-120,”Numeric data error”
Command Error bit 5 Expected number but other characters were detected
-203,”Command Protected”
Execution error bit 4 Password must be CENAbled
(1)
The Device error bit may be set when the status monitoring functions of the power supply detect an overvoltage/undervoltage condition.
BOP-1K 101509
B-35
TABLE B-5. ERROR MESSAGES (CONTINUED)
ERROR MESSAGE
-221,”Settings Conflict”
-222,“Current, Voltage or Data out of
range”
-223,“Too Much Data”
ESR ERROR BIT SET
(SEE PAR. A.5)
EXPLANATION
Execution error bit 4
Calibration state not enabled but CALibrate command
received
Execution error bit 4
Value (current or voltage) exceeds power supply rating or
(data) exceeds acceptable command parameters
Execution error bit 4
During a LIST command, the list became full, preventing all
the data from being added to the list
-226,“Lists not same length”
Execution error bit 4 During a LIST command, number of DWEL list entries was
not equal to 1 and did not match number of LIST:VOLT or
LIST:CURR entries.
-240,“Hardware error”
Execution error bit 4 Power supply did not respond to command.
-249,"Master Not Found"
Execution error bit 4 The slave controller for a multiple unit configuration has not
detected a master unit. - this is an operator error as the
slave should not be operated over the GPIB interface.
-311,”Memory Error”
Device Error bit 3 (1) *SAV (save), *RCL (recall), MEMory:SAVE,
MEMory:UPDAte or CALibrate:STORe error
-314,"Save/recall Memory Lost"
Device Error bit 3 (1) A memory location that was saved earlier was lost due to a
flash error in Analog processor memory.
-340,"Calibration Failed”
Device Error bit 3 (1) The calibration results were invalid. This normally indicates
an incorrect calibration caused by operator error such as
performing a current calibration without a load,8 or a voltage
calibration with a load.
-350,”Queue Overflow”
Device Error bit 3 (1) Error queue was full, error events have been lost.
-363,"Input buffer overrun”
Device Error bit 3 (1) The input from the controlling computer was longer than 253
characters in length.
-400,”QueryError”
Query Error bit 2
Data requested was lost due to 253 character limit or BIT
4886 output buffer
-420,”Query Unterminated”
Query Error bit 2
Controller sent query but did not accept data from power
supply. See VOLT? (PAR. B.85), CAL:SAVE (PAR. B.85)
commands
(1)
B-36
The Device error bit may be set when the status monitoring functions of the power supply detect an overvoltage/undervoltage condition.
BOP-1K 101509
KEPCO®
THE POWER SUPPLIER™
BOP 1000W QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
Once the power supply is installed (see full Technical Manual), this guide is an aid that briefly outlines a simple approach to accomplishing
common tasks, with the appropriate Technical Manual paragraph references for more details. All instructions start from the power-up
screen (press % from most submenus to return to power-up screen). Many setup functions can be password protected - see UTILITY
below for instructions.
UTILITY
How do I access a password-protected menu? Enter first character of password using ADJUST control or keypad (use multiple
presses of the keys for letters or symbols: 0 (space), 1 (+, –, /), 2 (ABC), 3 (DEF), 4 (GHI), 5 (JKL), 6 (MNO). 7 (PQRS), 8
(TUV), 9 (WXYZ). T to enter next character, ! to verify. If incorrect, press CLEAR and repeat (see PAR. 3.2.4.4).
How do I use the keypad? STANDBY sets output on/off (STANDBY indicator lit when output off), MODE selects voltage mode or current mode, arrow keys highlight selections, numbers enter values and multiple presses can enter alphanumeric characters, +/– sets sign,
CLEAR sets numeric values to zero, clears alphanumerics, RESET is equivalent to power-up cycle, ENTER applies settings to output and
saves changes, HELP is context sensitive, keep pressing for more, ! through % functions are defined by graphic box to the left (see
PAR. 3.2.1).
How do I use the ADJUST control? Adjusts value of highlighted digit, fine adjustment (least significant digit) if held in while adjusting.
If output is on, directly controls output (pressing ENTER not required). Scrolls through all alphanumeric characters for password.
How do I turn the beep on or off? # , highlight Key Press Beep, !, highlight On, Error only or Off, then $. % to exit or $ to
save for power-up (see PAR. 3.2.5.3).
How do I set the display background to black or white? #, higlight Background, !, highlight Black or White, then $. % to
exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.2.5.1). If $ not available, see NOTE to PAR. 3.2.5).
How do I adjust the Display contrast? #, #, then # when contrast is OK. R or T for fine adjustment. % to exit or $ to
save for power-up (see PAR. 3.2.5.1). If $ not available, see NOTE to PAR. 3.2.5).
How do I choose between graphical meters or time line graphs?: #, Higlight Graphic Display, !, highlight Meters or the
appropriate Graph time, then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.2.5.4).
CONTROLLING THE OUTPUT USING THE FRONT PANEL (LOCAL)
How do I apply a voltage or current to the load? If output is on (STANDBY indicator not lit) press STANDBY to turn output off
(STANDBY indicator lit). Use MODE to select Voltage or Current mode, use Y or U to highlight main channel, use keypad to set value,
then press ENTER. Highlight protect channel(s) and use keypad to set value. then press ENTER. Press STANDBY to turn output on and
apply programmed settings to load (see PAR. 3.3.3).
How do I change between a single value or two different values for positive and negative protection limit? %, high-
light Max/Min Settings, !, Higlight Protect Entry, !, highlight Bipolar or Independent, then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up
(see PAR. 3.3.3.1).
How can I prevent voltage (in voltage mode) or current (in current mode) from being set beyond a predetermined
level? %, highlight Max/Min Settings, !. Higlight +Voltage Max, -Voltage Min, +Current Max or -Current Min as desired, !, use key-
pad to change value, then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.3.4).
How do I prevent protection limit from being set beyond a predetermined level? %, highlight Max/Min Settings, !,
Higlight +C Protect Max, -C Protect Min, +V Protect Max or -V Protect Min as desired, !, use keypad to change value, then $. % to
exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.3.4.2).
What happens when the protect setting is reached? Limit channel controls power supply, display shows the message CPROTECT (current protection in voltage mode) VPROTECT (voltage protection in current mode) or PROTECT (external analog protection).
POWER SUPPLY SETUP
How do I configure for resistive, active or battery type load? %, highlight Load Type, !, highlight Active, Resistive, or Battery then $. Press % to exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.3.6).
How do I control whether the output is on or off upon *RST? %, !, highlight *RST sets Output, !, highlight On or Off, then
$. Press % to exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.5.3.1.3).
How do I control what condition the unit is in upon power up. %, highlight Power Up Settings, !, highlight parameter, !,
highlight desired power-up state, then $. Repeat for all parameters, then % to exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.3.7).
KEPCO, INC.
131-38 SANFORD AVENUE
FLUSHING, NY. 11355 U.S.A.
TEL (718) 461-7000
http://www.kepcopower.com
email: hq@kepcopower.com
©2005, KEPCO, INC
Data subject to change without notice
228-1530-R8A
FAX (718) 767-1102
10/15/09
CONTROLLING THE OUTPUT USING EXTERNAL (ANALOG) SIGNALS (REMOTE)
How do I control the mode using an external signal? $, highlight External Mode, !, highlight Enable, $, then % to apply
changes and exit. This setting is not saved for power-up (PAR. 3.4.2). Select mode by applying either logic 1 or open circuit for voltage, or
logic 0 or short circuit for current, to pin 2 referenced to pin 9 of the Analog I/O port (PAR. 3.4.2).
How do I use an analog voltage to control the output (main channel)? $, highlight Reference input, !, highlight External
then $, then % to apply changes and exit . This setting is not saved for power-up. Apply ±10V signal to pin 11 referenced to pin 4 of the
Analog I/O port to control active channel (voltage or current) (PAR. 3.4.3).
How do I use an analog voltage to control the protection channel? $, highlight Protection Limit, !, highlight External then
$, then % to apply changes and exit (not saved for power-up). Apply +1V to +10V signal to the following pins referenced to pin 12 of the
Analog I/O port to control limit channel from 10% to full scale: –Current Protect: pin 5, +Current Protect: pin 13, –Voltage Protect: pin 6,
+Voltage Protect: pin 14 (PAR. 3.4.4).
How do I choose between local, digital and analog control of the output? The unit normally powers up in Local mode. Sending
a command via RS 232 or GPIB interfaces automatically puts the unit into Remote mode. Press ! to restore Local mode. If an analog
voltage is controlling the output (see above), local control of the main channel is disabled and digital commands are not accepted.
How do I use the BOP as an amplifier? See above to control the main channel and/or protection channel using analog signals. The
nominal (inherent) voltage gain of each model is calculated by (GNOM-V) = EOnom / EREF. and nominal (inherent) current gain is (GNOM-I) =
IOnom / EREF where EREF = 10V (see PAR. 3.4.3.1).
How do I control the gain of the BOP when used as an amplifier? $, highlight Reference input, !, highlight ExtlRefLevl then
$, then % to apply changes and exit (not saved for power-up). Apply ±10V signal to pin 11 referenced to pin 4 of the Analog I/O port.
Main channel setting (SET) determines gain (G) by G = SET/10 (PAR. 3.4.3.2).
CONTROLLING THE OUTPUT USING DIGITAL INTERFACE (REMOTE)
How do I use the GPIB interface to control the power supply? %, ! to view current GPBI address. To change GPIB address,
highlight GPIB address, !, use keypad to enter new address then $. Press % to exit or $ to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.5.3.1).
How do I use the RS 232 interface to control the power supply? %, ! to view. To change Baud Rate, XON/XOFF or Prompt
if needed: highlight Baud Rate, XON/XOFF or Prompt setting, !, highlight desired selection, then $. When complete, % to exit or $
to save for power-up (see PAR. 3.5.3.2).
How do I change between SCPI and CIIL Data Format? %, !, to view. To change, highlight Data Format setting, !, highlight
SCPI or CIIL then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up. (PAR. 3.5.3.1.2)
How do I change the Device Clear from SCPI to MATE compliant? %, !, to view. To change, highlight Device Clear setting,
!, highlight SCPI or MATE then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up. (PAR. 3.5.3.1.2)
FEATURES
How do I save the power supply settings for future use? !, highlight Empty location, !. The power supply settings (Mode,
type and values for Main Channel Reference and Protection, and output on/off) are displayed. To save a different setting than that displayed, highlight the parameter, ! highlight the selection or enter value using keypad, then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up.
(PAR. 3.3.8)
How do I modify saved power supply settings for future use? !, highlight desired location, !. The power supply settings
(Mode, Main Channel Reference and value, Protection type and values and output on/off) are displayed. To change a setting, highlight the
parameter, ! highlight the selection or enter value using keypad, then $. % to exit or $ to save for power-up. (PAR. 3.3.8)
How do I recall previously saved power supply settings? !, highlight desired location. @.to execute stored settings or ! to
see details, then @ to program settings. (PAR. 3.3.8)
How do I view or execute a waveform? @ highlight Waveform name, ! to view, press STANDBY to turn output on, $ to execute. % to stop waveform execution. (PAR. 3.3.9)
How do I create a waveform? Use arrow keys to highlight Empty, @, !. Enter name using ADJUST or keypad (multiple presses for
letters) and T, then $. To change Mode highlight selection, !.highlight Voltage or Current, $ to save for power-up. To change protection, highlight setting, !, enter new setting using keypad, $. To change count, highlight setting, !, enter new setting using keypad,
$. Define first segment (Type, Frequency, Amplitude (p-p) and Offset) by highlighting parameter, !, highlight desired setting or use keypad to enter value, then $. Highlight segment or End of Segments, @ to insert next segment prior to highlight or # to erase segment.
Define new segment or re-edit existing segment in the same way (including start/stop angle for sine or triangle), then $. (PAR. 3.3.9.8)
See above to execute waveform.
How do I calibrate the unit? %, highlight Calibration, !, then proceed per screen prompts.
How do I configure unipolar operation? Set either + or – Maximum to zero as follows: %, highlight Max/Min Settings, !. Higlight
+Voltage Max, -Voltage Min, +Current Max or -Current Min as desired, !, press CLEAR to set to zero, then $. % to exit or $ to save
for power-up (see PAR. 3.3.4).
Can I further customize the configuration? Yes, contact Kepco for further information.
Open as PDF
Similar pages