A1.140422
ALINCO, INC.
Yodoyabashi Dai-bldg 13F
4-4-9 Koraibashi, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541-0043 Japan
Phone: +81-6-7636-2362 Fax: +81-6-6208-3802
http://www.alinco.com
E-mail:export@alinco.co.jp
Copyright Alinco, lnc. PS0819/FNEH-NI
Printed in China
VHF/UHF FM Mobile Transceiver
DR-638
Instruction Manual
Thank you for purchasing your new Alinco transceiver.
Please read this manual carefully before using the
product to ensure full performance, and keep this
manual for future reference as it contains information
on after-sales services. In case addendum or errata
sheets are included with this product, please read
those materials and keep them together with this
instruction manual for future reference.
NOTE: DR-638 may be delivered to you after dealerprogramming. In such cases, please ask your dealer about
the available features in your unit and how to operate this unit.
Features and functions may be limited due to dealerprogramming.
Introduction
Thank you very much for purchasing this excellent Alinco transceiver.
Our products are ranked among the finest in the world. This radio
has been manufactured with state of the art technology and it has
been tested carefully at our factory. It is designed to operate to your
satisfaction for many years under normal use.
Please read this manual completely from the first page to the
last, to learn all the functions the product offers. It is important to
note that some of the operations may be explained in relation to
information in previous chapters. By reading just one part of the
manual, you may risk not understanding the complete explanation
of the function.
Before transmitting
There are many radio stations operating in proximity to the frequency
ranges this product covers. Be careful not to cause interference when
transmitting around such radio stations.
■ Lightning
Please note that no car provides adequate protection of its passengers
or drivers against lightning. Therefore, Alinco will not take responsibility
for any danger associated with using its radios or inside the car during
lightning.
■ For
North American users
Due to strict rules, this product is blocked for operations before sales
and only dealers can program the radio before delivery to consumers.
Manufacturer is not aware of details of such dealer-programming
therefore please kindly contact your dealer first in case technical-service
may be necessary.
Conformity Symbols
Tested to comply MIL-STD-810G
-Shock: Method 514.6/I,IV -Vibration: Method 516.6/I
Copyright 2012 All rights reserved. NO part of this document may be
reproduced, copied, translated or transcribed in any form or by any
means without the prior writhout the prior written permission of Alinco.
Inc, Osaka, Japan, English Edition Printed in China.
Comformity information
Manufacturer:
ALINCO, Inc. Electronics Division
Yodoyabashi Dai-bldg. 13F
4-4-9 Koraibashi, Chuo-ku,
Osaka 541-0043 Japan
Check with your local waste officials for details on recycling or
proper disposal in your area.
FCC NOTICE / Compliance Information Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there
is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more
of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
144/440MHz FM amateur radio mobile transceiver DR-638T
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
customers in Canada:
MODEL: 3070C-DR638
Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d'Industrie Canada
applicables aux appareils radio exempts de licence. L'exploitation est
autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes:
(1) l'appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et.
(2) l'utilisateur de l'appareil doit accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique
subi, même si le brouillage est susceptible d'en compromettre le
fonctionnement.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Tested to Comply
With FCC Standards
FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE
Information in this document is subject to change without notice or
obligation. All brand names and trademarks are the property of their
respective owners. Alinco cannot be liable for pictorial or typographical
inaccuracies. Some parts, options and/or accessories are unavailable
in certain areas. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by
the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to
operate the equipment.
IMPORTANT:
Not all features are available to users due to programming. The units are
programmed by the dealer before sales therefore some features may be
prohibited for manual access by the users. For this reason, it is suggested
that users learn how to operate the units directly from the dealer who
programmed the functions and channels. Please contact the dealer for
any technical inquiry because the distributor and manufacturer are not
aware of the details of dealer-programming.
SAFETY TRAINING INFORMATION
Land-mobile version only
WARNING:
This radio generates RF electromagnetic energy during transmission.
This radio is designed for and classified as “Occupational Use Only”,
meaning it must be used only during the course of employment by
individuals aware of the hazards, and the ways to minimize such
hazards. This radio is NOT intended for use by the “GeneralPopulation”
in an uncontrolled environment.
• For compliance with FCC and Industry Canada RF Exposure
Requirements, the transmitter antenna installation shall comply with
the following two conditions:
1. The transmitter antenna gain shall not exceed 0 dBi.
2. The antenna is required to be located outside of a vehicle and kept
at a distance of 63 centimeters or more between the transmitting
antenna of this device and any persons during operation. For small
vehicle as worst case, the antenna shall be located on the roof top
at any place on the centre line along the vehicle in order to achieve
63 centimeters separation distance. In order to ensure this distance
is met, the installation of the antenna must be mounted at least 63
centimeters away from the nearest edge of the vehicle in order to
protect against exposure to bystanders.
radio by the manufacturer or an antenna specifically authorized by the
manufacturer for use with this radio.
•
DO NOT transmit for more than 50% during the time of employment
(50% duty cycle or less). Transmitting excessive amount of time can
cause RF exposure compliance requirements to be exceeded. Please
carefully read this instruction manual to learn how to transmit and stop
transmitting before starting to use it.
Electromagnetic Interference/Compatibility
During transmissions, your radio generates RF energy that can
possibly cause interference with other devices or systems. To avoid
such interference, turn off the radio in areas where signs are posted to
do so. DO NOT operate the transmitter in areas that are sensitive to
electromagnetic radiation such as hospitals, aircraft, and blasting sites.
Occupational/Controlled Use
This product is used in situations that users are exposed to RF as
consequence of their employment provided those users are fully aware
of the potential RF hazards and can exercise control over their exposure.
• This transceiver is NOT ATEX approved and NOT intended for the use
in hazardous explosive atmospheres.
CAUTION:
To ensure that your exposure to RF electromagnetic energy is within
the FCC allowable limits for occupational use, always adhere to the
following guidelines:
•
DO NOT operate the radio without a proper antenna attached, as this
may damage the radio and may also cause you to exceed FCC RF
exposure limits. A proper antenna is the antenna supplied with this
PC PROGRAMMING
NOTE: The utility software may be available to distributors/dealers only.
USB programming cable is required. The manufacturer will not release
the software to unauthorized party so please contact your dealer for
details.
FCC INFORMATION / LAND-MOBILE VERSION ONLY
FOR CLASS B UNINTENTIONAL RADIATORS:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more
of the following measures:
●● Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
●● Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
●● Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
●● Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
For Customers in Canada :
Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d'Industrie Canada
applicables aux appareils radio exempts de licence.
L'exploitation est autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes :
(1) l'appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et.
(2) l'utilisateur de l'appareil doit accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique
subi, même si le brouillage est susceptible d'en compromettre le
fonctionnement.
WARNING
To prevent any hazard during operation of Alinco’s radio product, in this
manual and on the product you may find symbols shown below. Please
read and understand the meanings of these symbols before starting to
use the product.
Danger
This symbol is intended to alert the user to an
immediate danger that may cause loss of life and
property if the user disregards the warning.
Alert
This symbol is intended to alert the user to a possible
hazard that may cause loss of life and property if the
user disregards the warning.
Caution
This symbol is intended to alert the user a possible
hazard that may cause loss of property or injure the
user if the warning is disregarded.
Alert symbol. An explanation is given.
Warning symbol. An explanation is given.
Instruction symbol. An explanation is given.
Do not use this product in close proximity to other electronics
devices, especially medical ones. It may cause interference
to those devices.
Keep the radio out of the reach of children.
In case a liquid leaks from the product, do not touch it. It may
damage your skin.
Rinse with plenty of cold water if the liquid contacted your
skin.
Never operate this product in facilities where radio products
are prohibited for use such as aboard aircraft, in airports, in
ports, within or near the operating area of business wireless
stations or their relay stations.
Use of this product may be prohibited or illegal outside of
your country. Be informed in advance when you travel.
The manufacturer declines any responsibilities against
loss of life and/or property due to a failure of this product
when used to perform important tasks like life-guarding,
surveillance, and rescue.
Do not use multiple radios in very close proximity. It may
cause interference and/or damage to the product(s).
ALERT
Environment and condition of use:
Do not drive while handling the radio for your safety. It is
recommended that you check local traffic regulations regarding
the use of radio equipment while driving.
Some countries prohibit the operation of transceiver while driving.
The manufacturer declines any responsibilities against loss
of life and property due to a failure of this product when used
with or as a part of a device made by third parties.
Use of third party accessory may result in damage to this
product. It will void our warranty for repair.
WARNING
Handling this product:
Be sure to reduce the audio output level to minimum before
using an earphone or a headset. Excessive audio may damage
hearing.
Do not open the unit without permission or instruction from the
manufacturer.
Unauthorized modification or repair may result in electric shock,
fire and/or malfunction.
Do not operate this product in a wet place such as shower
room. It may result in electric shock, fire and/or malfunction.
Do not place conductive materials, such as water or metal in
close proximity to the product. A short-circuit to the product
may result in electric shock, fire and/or malfunction.
Do not touch the heatsink (on/around the unit mostly found on
mobile-base units) as it may become very hot during/after the
operation that may risk burn your skin.
About power-supply:
Use only appropriate, reliable and certified power supply of
correct voltage and capacity.
Do not connect cables in reverse polarity. It may result in
electric shock, fire and/or malfunction.
Do not plug multiple devices including the power-supply into a
single wall outlet. It may result in overheating and/or fire.
Do not handle a power-supply with a wet hand. It may result in
electric shock.
Securely plug the power-supply to the wall outlet. Insecure
installation may result in short-circuit, electronic shock and/or fire.
Do not plug the power-supply into the wall outlet if the
contacts are dirty and/or dusty.
Short circuiting and/or overheating may result in fire, electric
shock and/or damage to the product.
Do not modify or remove fuse-assembly from the DC-cable.
It may result in fire, electric shock and/or damage to the
product.
In case of emergency:
In case of the following situation(s), please turn off the product, switch
off the source of power, then remove or unplug the power-cord. Please
contact your local dealer of this product for service and assistance.
Do not use the product until the trouble is resolved. Do not try to
troubleshoot the problem by yourself.
• When a strange sound, smoke and or strange odor comes out of the
product.
• When the product is dropped or the case is broken or cracked.
• When a liquid penetrated inside.
• When a power-cord ( including DC-cables, AC-cables and adapters)
is damaged.
For your safety, turn off then remove all related AC-lines to
the product and its accessories including the antenna if a
thunderstorm is likely.
Turn off the unit, remove the mobile antenna from its base
and keep it in the vehicle if a thunderstorm is likely.
Please read cautions regarding the lightning-protection on
page 9 also.
Maintenance
Do not open the unit and its accessories. Please consult with
your local dealer of this product for service and assistance.
WARNING
CAUTION
Environment and condition of use:
About power-supply
Use only reliable power supply of specific DC output range and
be mindful of the polarity of the cables and DC jack.
Do not use the product in proximity to a TV or a radio. It may
cause interference or receive interference.
Always turn off the power supply when connecting or
disconnecting the cables.
Do not install in a humid, dusty or insufficiently ventilated
place. It may result in electric shock, fire and/or malfunction.
When using an external antenna, make sure that the antenna
ground is not common with the ground of the power supply.
Do not install in an unstable or vibrating position. It may result
in electric shock, fire and/or malfunction when/if the product
falls to the ground.
When a transceiver is powered from an external DC power
source (adapter, power supply, cigar-plug etc), make sure that
this power supply has approval to the level of IEC/EN 60950-1.
Do not install the product in proximity to a source of heat and
humidity such as a heater or a stove. Avoid placing the unit in
direct sunlight.
Do not modify, dismantle, incinerate, or immerse the batteries
that may be used in accessories you use with this product.
Please check your local regulations for details on recycling
option or disposal of the batteries in your area.
About transceiver
Do not connect devices other than specified ones to the jacks
and ports on the product.
It may result in damage to the devices.
Turn off and remove the power-source (AC cable, DC cable,
battery, cigar-cable, charger adapter etc) from the product
when the product is not in use for extended period of time or in
case of maintenance.
Use a clean, dry cloth to wipe off dirt and condensation from
the surface of the product.
Never use thinner or benzene for cleaning.
CONTENTS
New and Innovative Features...............................................1
Supplied Accessories/Optional Accessories......................2
Supplied Accessories........................................................................ 2
Initial Installation...................................................................3
Mobile installation............................................................................. 3
DC Power Cable Connection............................................................ 3
Power supply voltage Display........................................................... 5
Antenna Connection......................................................................... 6
Accessories Connections.................................................................. 6
Front Panel Separation..................................................................... 7
Getting Acquainted...............................................................8
Front panel........................................................................................ 8
Rear panel........................................................................................ 9
Display.............................................................................................. 9
Microphone ...................................................................................... 10
Basic Operations ..................................................................11
Switching the Power On/Off.............................................................. 11
Adjusting the Volume........................................................................ 11
Squelch level setting......................................................................... 11
Switch between VFO and memory mode......................................... 11
Setting frequency.............................................................................. 11
Setting channel................................................................................. 11
Switch Between Main Band and Sub band....................................... 12
Selecting the operating band............................................................ 12
Receiving.......................................................................................... 12
Squelch Off/Squelch Off Momentary................................................ 12
Transmitting...................................................................................... 12
Transmit DTMF/2TONE/5TONE signaling........................................ 13
High/Mid/Low Power Setting............................................................. 13
Frequency Reverse........................................................................... 13
CTCSS/DCS setting.......................................................................... 13
Call channel recalling........................................................................ 13
CTCSS/DCS Scan............................................................................ 13
Dual Watch....................................................................................... 14
Emergency Alarm.............................................................................. 14
Channel/Frequency Scan................................................................. 14
Channel Scan Skip........................................................................... 14
Memory Channel Programming........................................................ 14
Search Scan Range Setting.............................................................. 14
Channel Copy................................................................................... 14
Channel Delete................................................................................. 15
Memory Banks operation.................................................................. 15
PARAMETER SETTING MODE(SET MODE)........................16
Menu 01: APO (Automatic power off)............................................... 16
Menu 02: Automatic offset................................................................ 16
Menu 03: VFO Channel Step Setting................................................ 16
Menu 04: VFO Band lockout............................................................. 16
Menu 05: Beep Sound...................................................................... 17
Menu 06: CPU Clock Frequency Setting.......................................... 17
Menu 07: 2Tone Encode Select........................................................ 17
Menu 08: 5Tone Encode Select........................................................ 17
Menu 09: Add Optional Signaling...................................................... 18
Menu 10: Tone Encode Setup........................................................... 18
Menu 11: Tone Decode Setup . ........................................................ 18
Menu 12: Sub Band Display............................................................. 19
Menu 13: DTMF Encode Pre-Loading Timing................................... 19
Menu 14: DTMF Encode Transmitting Time..................................... 19
CONTENTS
Menu 15: DTMF Encode Setup........................................................ 19
Menu 16: Squelch Mode Setup......................................................... 20
Menu 17: Compander....................................................................... 20
Menu 18: Scrambler.......................................................................... 20
Menu 19: Tone Burst Tones.............................................................. 20
Menu 20: Hyper................................................................................ 21
Menu 21: Keypad Lockout................................................................ 21
Menu 22: PTT Lockout...................................................................... 21
Menu 23: TOT Penalty...................................................................... 21
Menu 24: Frequency Reverse........................................................... 21
Menu 25: SUB Band Mute................................................................ 22
Menu 26: Editing Memory Name...................................................... 22
Menu 27: Time-Out Timer(TOT)........................................................ 22
Menu 28-31: Microphone PA,PB, PC,PD key setup ........................ 22
Menu 32: RF Squelch....................................................................... 23
Menu 33: Offset Direction................................................................. 23
Menu 34: Scan Resume Condition................................................... 23
Menu 35: Priority Channel Scan....................................................... 23
Menu 36: Offset Frequency.............................................................. 24
Menu 37: Display Mode.................................................................... 24
Menu 38: Busy Channel Lockout(BCLO).......................................... 24
Menu 39: DTMF Self ID Enquiry....................................................... 24
Menu 40: 5-TONE Self ID Enquiry.................................................... 24
Menu 41: VFO Frequency Linkage................................................... 25
Menu 42: Wide/Narrow FM Mode..................................................... 25
Menu 43: Crossband Repeat............................................................ 25
Menu 44-46: LCD backlight.............................................................. 25
Menu 47: Keypad backlight brightness............................................. 26
Menu 48: Calling Record.................................................................. 26
Menu 49: AM Function...................................................................... 26
Menu 50: Automatic AM function...................................................... 26
Menu 51: VHF External speaker port .............................................. 26
Menu 52: Beep Volume control . ...................................................... 27
Menu 53: Talk Around ...................................................................... 27
Menu 54: Microphone Speaker......................................................... 27
Menu 55: Memory Banks Enquiry..................................................... 27
Menu 56: Memory Banks Linking...................................................... 27
Menu 64: Password Function........................................................... 28
Microphone Operation..........................................................29
Send DTMF signaling....................................................................... 29
Main/Sub band switching.................................................................. 29
Function operation through PA-PD keys........................................... 29
Cable Clone............................................................................31
Resume Factory Default................................................................... 31
Programming Software Installing and Starting..................32
Utility Software in Windows system.................................................. 32
Maintenance...........................................................................33
Trouble Shooting............................................................................... 33
Specifications........................................................................34
Appendix................................................................................35
51 groups CTCSS Tone Frequency(Hz)........................................... 35
1024 groups DCS Code.................................................................... 35
New and Innovative Features
758 memory channels, full duplex operation with independent
volume and squelch controls
50 Watts of power output on the VHF band and 40 Watts on the
UHF band with cross band repeater function.
UU, UV, VU, VV operations with full-dupe and wideband receive
capability including Air band in AM and FM broadcast.
A large LCD with selectable backlit color, Keys and microphone
keypads are also backlit and ensures comfortable operation in the
dark.
CTCSS, DCS, 2-tones, 5-tones and tone-bursts for repeater access
Operating Frequency Ranges
1
Initial frequency setting(155.000MHz & 456.000MHz)
Tx: 136-174MHz
400-480MHz
Rx: 108-180MHz
220-260MHz
350-399.995MHz
400-523MHz
* Features, channels of operation and functions may be blocked by the
dealer programming.
and sellective calling operations.
Various scan functions including CTCSS/DCS Scan function.
Variety of signaling such as emergency alarm, ANI/DTMF, remotekill/revive features.
Multi groups of fix scrambling and 2 groups of self define scrambling.
Compander function to decrease the background noise and
enhance audio clarity.
Wide and Narrow-FM modes supported (25KHz/20KHz/12.5KHz)
Theft alarm provides extra safety.
1
2
Supplied Accessories
Supplied Accessories
Carefully unpack to make sure the following items are found in the package in addition to this manual:
Transceiver
DR-638
Spare Fuses
Microphone EMS-77
(with DTMF keyboard)
User Manual
Mobile Mounting
Bracket
DC Power Cable with
Fuse Holder
Hardware Kit for Bracket
Black screws
(M4X8mm)
4PCS
Tapping screws S-Washer
(M5X8mm)
4PCS
Mic Hanger Unit
2
The standard accessories may vary slightly depending on the version you have purchased. Please contact your local authorized Alinco dealer should
you have any questions. Alinco and authorized dealers are not responsible for any typographical errors there may be in this manual. Standard
accessories may change without notice.
Warranty Policy: Please refer to any enclosed warranty information or contact your authorized Alinco dealer/distributor for the warranty policy.
■
In order to operate this product, a properly tuned antenna, its feedline with connectors and fixing hardware are necessary. Please
consult with your dealer for details.
Initial Installation
Mobile installation
The transceiver may be installed in any position in your car, where the
controls and microphone are easily accessible and it does not interfere
with the safe operation of the vehicle. If your vehicle is equipped with
air bags, be certain your radio will not interfere with their deployment. If
you are uncertain about where to mount the unit, contact your vehicle's
dealer.
111 Install the mounting bracket in the vehicle using the supplied selftapping screws (4pcs) and flat washers (4pcs).
3
Determine the appropriate angle of the transceiver, using the 3
screw hole positions on the side of the mounting bracket.
Car body
Washer (M5)
Tapping screw
(M5x20mm)
Mounting bracket
3
DC Power Cable Connection
222 Position the transceiver, then insert and tighten the supplied hexagon
SEMS screws.
Double check that all screws are tightened to prevent vehicle
vibration from loosening the bracket or transceiver.
Caution:
Use only the provided screws
otherwise you risk damaging
the circuit board, components
or fall-off of the unit.
Mobile Operation
The vehicle battery must have a nominal rating of 12V. Never
connect the transceiver to a 24V battery. Be sure to use a 12V
vehicle battery that has sufficient current capacity. If the current
to the transceiver is insufficient, the display may darken during
transmission, or transmitting output power may drop excessively.
111 Route the DC power cable supplied with the transceiver directly
to the vehicle's battery terminals using the shortest path from the
transceiver.
Never use the cigarette lighter socket as a DC source.
The entire length of the cable must be dressed so it is
isolated from heat, moisture, and the engine secondary (high
3
Initial Installation
voltage) ignition system/cables.
222 After installing cable, in order to avoid the risk of damp, please
use heat-resistant tap to tie together with fuse box. Don't forget to
reinforce whole cable.
333 In order to avoid the risk of short circuit, please cut down connection
with negative (-) of battery, then connect with radio.
444 Confirm the correct polarity of the connections, then attach the
power cable to the battery terminals; red connects to the positive (+)
terminal and black connects to the negative (-) terminal.
Never remove the fuse holders from the cable.
555 Reconnect any wiring removed from the negative terminal.
Red
4
If the ignition-key on/off feature is desired(optional feature), use
the optional EDC-43(For Cigar-Plug connection) cable. Connect
one of the cables between the ACC terminal or a Cigar-Plug that
operates with the vehicle ignition or ACC switch on the vehicle and
EXT POWER jack on the rear side of the unit.
777 When the ignition key is turned to ACC or ON(Start) position with the
radio turned off, the power switch illuminates. The illumination will be
turned off when the ignition key is turned to the off position. To turn
on the unit, press the power switch manually while it is illuminated.
(While ignition key is at ACC or ON position)
888 When the ignition key is turned to ACC or ON position with the
radio's power switch on, the unit turns on automatically and the
power switch will be lit. Turn the ignition key to OFF position or
manually turn the power switch off to shut down the radio.
999 Use of ignition-key ON/OFF feature drains 5mAh of current from the
battery as long as the EDC-43 is being connected.
Black
666 Connect the DC power cable to the transceiver's power supply
ACC terminal
connector.
Press the connectors firmly together until the locking tab clicks.
Cigar-Plug connection
Optional EDC-43 required
Ext. Power jack
DC power cable
Ext. Power jack
Fixed Station Operation
In order to use this transceiver for fixed station operation, you will need
a separate 13.8V DC power supply (not included), Please contact local
dealer to require.
Initial Installation
The current capacity of your power supply must be 12A or more.
111 Connect the DC power cable to the regulated DC power supply and
ensure that the polarities are correct. (Red: positive, Black: negative).
3
the problem is resolved, replace the fuse. If newly installed fuses
continue to blow, disconnect the power cable and contact your dealer for
assistance.
Never directly connect the transceiver to an AC outlet.
Use the supplied DC power cable to connect the transceiver to a
regulated power supply.
Do not substitute a cable with smaller gauge wires.
Regulated
power supply
Red
Black
DC power cable with fuse holder
Fuse Location
Transceiver
Fuse Current Rating
15A
Supplied Accessory DC
power cable
20A
Only use fuses of the specified type and rating, otherwise the transceiver
could be damaged.
If you use the transceiver for a long period when the vehicle battery is
not fully charged, or when the engine is OFF, the battery may become
discharged, and will not have sufficient reserves to start the vehicle. Avoid
using the transceiver in these conditions.
Power supply voltage Display
222 Connect the transceiver's DC power connector to the connector on
the DC power cable.
Press the connectors firmly together until the locking tab clicks.
Before connecting the DC power to the transceiver, be sure to switch
the transceiver and the DC power supply OFF.
After connecting the transceiver to the power supply, long press the
key, enter Menu 12: Sub Band Display menu, and select DC-IN, then it
will appear current power supply voltage on the right side of Screen.
The display immediately changes as the voltage supply changes, It also
displays voltage during transmission.
Do not plug the DC power supply into an AC outlet until you make all
connections.
REPLACING FUSES
If the fuse blows, determine the cause, then correct the problem. After
The range of displayed voltage is from 8V to16V DC. Because the
Important displayed value is estimated, please use a voltmeter when a more precise
reading is desired.
5
3
Initial Installation
Antenna Connection
Before operating, install an efficient, well-tuned antenna. The success
of your installation will depend on the type of antenna and its correct
installation.
Use a 50Ω impedance antenna and low-loss coaxial feed-line that
has a characteristic impedance of 50Ω, to match the transceiver input
impedance. Coupling the antenna to the transceiver via feed-lines having
an impedance other than 50Ω reduces the efficiency of the antenna
system and can cause interference to nearby televisions, radio receivers
and other electronic equipment.
Transmitting without first connecting an antenna or other matched
load may damage the transceiver. Always connect the antenna to the
transceiver before transmitting.
All fixed stations should be equipped with a lightning arrester to reduce
the risk of fire, electric shock, and transceiver damage.
6
Microphone
For voice communications, connect a provided microphone into the
socket on the front of the main unit. Turn the ring firmly on the plug
until it locks. Attach the supplied microphone hanger in an appropriate
location using the screws included in the screw set.
Microphone
connector
Microphone
Antenna
Accessories Connections
External Speaker
If you plan to use the optional external speaker/s, There are 2
options. For a single speaker, plug into the 3.5mm SP Jack on the
rear of the radio to hear both bands through one speaker. To use dual
speakers, use the stereo plug it into the 3.5mm ST Jack on the rear
of the radio to split the left and right bands between the 2 speakers.
External Dual Speakers
(3.5mm Stereo Out)
External single speaker
(3.5mm Mono Out)
After installing your antenna, ensure that you have the best possible
SWR reading.
External speaker
IMPORTANT: RF Hazard Warning
The electro-magnetic exposure of this device may exceed the European
standards of the hazard level when transmitting at the high-power
setting while connected to a unity gain antenna at a distance of 63cm
or less from the operator. Furthermore, the hazardous RF exposure
level depends on the conditions of the combination of the antenna gain,
Initial Installation
distance from the operator, output setting and installation environment,
therefore the operator may be exposed to stronger RF even at a
distance of more than 63cm. For safety purpose, it is recommended
that the antenna be installed outside of, and as far as possible from,
the operator’s area. Avoid using an excessively high-gained antenna in
case the distance between the operator and the antenna is very limited.
Always use the minimum necessary output power for communications.
3
333 Match the catch in the main unit with the slot in the front panel and
fit the front panel into the main unit.
Catch
Front panel separation
The main unit can be set with either side facing up. This can facilitate your
ability to hear the speaker clearly. Position the front panel as you prefer.
111 Slide the front panel while keeping the tab pressed.
Main unit
Front panel
Tab
222 Turn the front panel, being careful to keep the cable free from kinks.
Slot
444 Slide the front panel until it locks securily in place.
By using the optional separation kit EDS-28, you can use the front
panel and the main unit in separate positions. The instruction manual
for remote placement is provided with the EDS-28.
7
4
Getting Acquainted
Front panel
Short press: Switches to CALL channel.
7
[CALL]
8
[MHz]
Long press: When channel setting DTMF/5
Tone, press this key can edit ANI code calling.
(microphone input)
Short press: Changes frequency step by 1MHz in
VFO mode.
Long press: Open the frequency reverse function.
Short press: Sets CTCSS and DCS values.
Basic Functions
8
NO. KEY
1 PWR(Power)
FUNCTION
Press it to power On/Off the transceiver.
9
[TS/DCS]
10
[H/L]
11
LED indicators
Long press: When channel setting CTCSS/
DCS, long press this key to open CTCSS/DCS
frequency scan.
Short press: Switches the output power in 4 levels.
Long press: Open the emergency alarm function.
I lluminates red while transmitting, green while
receiving signals.
2
Main AF knob
Sub AF knob
Adjust Main band audio level.( Left )
Adjust Sub band audio level.( Right )
3
Main SQL ring
Sub SQL ring
Adjust Main band squelch level.( Left )
Adjust Sub band squelch level.( Right )
12
[SCAN]
13
[MONI]
Long press: Opens squelch and cancels TSQ/
DCS temporary.
4
Dial Knob
Rotate it to choose frequency/channel. Press
it to set the left band as "Main Band". In function
setup, it works as confirm key. in scan mode,
rotate it to change scan directions.
14
MIC
Connector
Connect the mic connector or data reading/writing,
cloning.
5
FUNC/SET
Short press: Function Key.
15
LCD Display
Displays frequencies, channels and other
operating parameters.
6
[V/M]
Long press: Enter Function Menu setting.
Short press: Switches between VFO mode and
memory mode.
Long press: Switch VFO working frequency.
Short press: Starts scanning.
Long press: DTMF/2TONE/5TONE setting.
Getting Acquainted
Functions which can be activated while
Key
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
MW
DEL
SHIFT
LOCK
PRI
SKIP
FUNC+V/M
FUNC+CALL
FUNC+MHZ
FUNC+TS/DCS
FUNC+H/L
FUNC+SCAN
FUNC+MONI
appears, after pressing the
Programs the data into the memory.
Delete settings.
Changes shift directions.
Blocks the keys and dial operation
Enters to the Priority monitor.
Sets scan skip channels
Setting memory banks.
1
2
DISPLAY
1
4
5
3
1
2
3
4
5
FUNCTION
To Connect optional cable for ignition key On/
Ext. Power Jack
Off function.
Ext. Dual Speakers To conect external stereo speaker.
Antenna
Connect a 50Ω antenna.
Connector
Ext.Single Speaker To conect external mono speaker.
Fan
Automatically turns on at 45°C, and turns off
when it cools down.
3
4
5
6
7
8
13
9
14 10 15 11 1712
19
20
18
16
21
25
22
23
24
26
25
27
FUNCTION
1
Appears when press FUNC key.
2
Appears while in AM mode.
3
Appears while using Middle output power.
4
Appears while using low output power.
5
Appears while channel setting in narrow band.
6
Appears while channel setting in offset direction.
Appears while channel setting in CTCSS encoding
and decoding.
Appears while channel setting in DCS encoding and
decoding.
Appears while channels setting in voice companding.
7
NO. KEY
2
NO. KEYÅ
Rear panel
4
8
DCS
9
COMP
Appears while open key lock function.
10
11
REP
Appears while open Cross repeat.
12
Not in use.
13 SUB
Appears while SUB band in Main side.
14
Appears while Channels setting in Scrambler.
15
Appears while open grouping function.
9
4
Getting Acquainted
18
Appears while Sub side in memory channel or Call
channel mode.
Appears while Channels setting in frequency reverse
function.
Not in use.
19
Appears channel frequency or channel name.
20
Appears channel number or grouping number.
21 MAIN
Appears while Main band.
22 P1
Appears when current channel is priority channel.
23 P2
Appears while channel setting in Scan skip.
24 P3
Flash while open Scan.
25
Appears while main/sub receive squelch opened.
6
PTT
Push-TO-Talk key: Press this key to transmit.
26
MAIN:Transmit power indicator/receive indicator.
7
UP
Increase frequency, channel number or setting value.
27
SUB:Receive indicator.
16
17
10
microphone
8
9
NO. KEY
FUNCTION
1
M/S
Switches between Main and Sub bands.
2
Number Key
Input VFO frequency or DTMF dial out etc.
PA
Switches between VFO and Memory modes.
PB
Changes CTCSS and DCS mode parameters.
PC
Starts and stops scanning.
PD
Transmit preprogrammed DTMF, 2TONE, 5TONE
code.
4
Band Indicator
The indicator light on for Main band.
5
TX/RX Indicator Illuminates red while transmitting, green while
(Main/Sub)
receiving signals.
3
8
DOWN
Decrease frequency, channel number or setting value.
9
MIC
10
Speaker
Speak here during transmission.
When shut the speaker in the base, you can hear
the calling by this speaker.
MIC Connector Diagram(in the front view of connector)
1
10
AF out(speaker out)
Basic Operations
Important: The explanations herein are based on manufacturer's default
setting.
Switching The Power On/Off
Setting Frequency
Power On
Press
key to turn on. Appears "ALINCO DR638" then displays current frequency or channel.
Power Off
Press
key for over 0.5 Second to turn off.
POWER
Adjusting The Volume
Rotate the [VOL] knob of selected band clockwise
to increase the audio level, counterclockwise to
decrease.
Rotate the SQL ring counterclockwise to hear the white noise to set the
audio level properly.
SQUELCH LEVEL SETTING
Rotate the [SQL] ring of selected band clockwise
to increase the squelch level, counterclockwise to
decrease.
A noise is heard at the minimum setting.
Squelch is to cut the white-noise in stand-by state.
Setting it too high may risk missing weaker signals but lower setting
may open squelch often hearing more noise. You should set the levels
of both MAIN and SUB bands before start operating.
Switch between VFO and MEMORY MODE
In standby, press
or
and Memory mode. When in memory mode,
the memory channel number appears on the
left side of memory frequency.
5
key to switch between VFO(Frequency)
In VFO mode, turn the dial clockwise to increase
frequency; Counterclockwise to decrease. Every
click will increase or decrease frequency by one
channel-step. To select MAIN and SUB band,
press the dial. Press
key then turn the dial
or [UP/DOWN] keys to change the frequency by
1MHz step.
The microphone [UP/DOWN] key also able to adjust frequency.
Press [UP/DOWN] key will increase(decrease) the frequency by one
step size. Hold [UP/DOWN] key will adjust the frequency continuously.
11
Input Frequency THROUGH Microphone number key
In VFO mode, you can input the frequency by the numerical keys.
Out-of-the-band frequnecies are automatically rejected.
For example, to input 145.320MHz, press 1,4,5,3,2,0 sucsessively.
When completed, a decimal point appears at the MHz order.
When the Band lockout function is on, the operating ranges will be
limited to the 136-174Mhz and 400-523MHz in the SUB band only.
Setting CHANNEL
In memory mode, you can select the frequency by turning the dial.
Turn clockwise to increase, counterclockwise to decrease the channel
numbers. To switch the MAIN/SUB band, press the dial.
While a memory channel is shown in SUB band, [ ] icon appears.
Pressing [UP/DOWN] keys on microphone also sets channels.
5
Basic Operations
The mamory channels must be pre-programmed to operate in the
memory mode. Empty channels numbers won't be displayed during
operation and appears only during memory setting.
Input Channel THROUGH Microphone number key
In memory mode, pressing 3 numerical keys recalls the desired memory
channel. For example press 0,0,1 recalls channel 1. Press 0,3,0 for ch.30,
and 5,1,2 for ch.512. If the input channel is not programmed in advance,
an error beep sounds and returns to last channel operated. While
pressing the key, [CH-] and entering numbers are shown on the display.
Switch Between Main Band and Sub band
At the default setting, both MAIN and SUB
bands are displayed. The transmitting is
possible only on the frequency/channel shown
on the LEFT.
12
To transmit, press the dial to set the desired
frequency or channel on the LEFT side of the
display.
SELECTING THE OPERATING BAND
111 Select the MAIN band by pressing the dial so that MAIN appears on
the left corner of the display. By pressing and holding the
key
toggles the operating bands between 108-180MHz, 220-260MHz,
350-399MHz and 400-480MHz for receiving.
222 Select the SUB band so that SUB appears above the frequency
display on the right. By pressing and holding the
key toggles the
operating bands between 136-174MH and 400-480MHz for receiving.
Some restriction may apply depending on the versions. Transmitting is
prohibited outside of the specified frequency range. "OFF" appears when
PTT is pressed in the RX-only frequency and alarming beep sounds.
This transceiver can be set working on 2 UHF band or 2 VHF band.
Receiving
Both MAIN and SUB bands receive signals
simultaneously. While receiving signals, the
icon and signal strength icon will appear
in the display, and audio sounds.
You may risk missing weaker signals when the squelch level is set
too high. If the Busy and signal strength icon are displayed but can't
hear any audio, please check the selective calling(signaling) setting
like Tone-squelch and DCS.
Squelch Off/Squelch Off Momentary
Press and hold
key cancels the squelch
and signaling setting temporary to monitor
incoming signals of currently operating band.
Release the
key to activate the squelch
and signaling settings.
Pressing [ ] key on the microphone functions same as above but holds
squelch off until the [ ] is pressed again.
Transmitting
Before transmitting, monitor the frequnecy to make sure the channel is
vacant and won't cause interference to others.
Hold [PTT] key to transmit, and speak at
approximately 5cm/2 inces to the microphone
in normal voice level. Too loud or too slow
voice level may cause trouble hearing at the receiving stations.
Basic Operations
Transmitting is possible only on the MAIN band. Operating setting
can't be changed while transmitting.
Transmit DTMF/2TONE/5TONE signaling
If the current channel is with DTMF/2TONE/5TONE signaling, hold [PTT]
and [UP] key will transmit selected Pre-programmed signaling.
Press
key to choose output power from 4 different levels. Every
press of the key toggles the setting as the chart below.
The setting is valid until next change in VFO mode, but it holds only
temporaly in the memory mode and changing the channel or turning
on/off the power will cancel the setting and recalls the original memory
parameter of the output power setting.
MID1
VHF(25W)
UHF(25W)
CTCSS/DCS SETTING
In standby, press
key or microphone
key can setting the
CTCSS/DCS encoding and decoding for current channel.
key, When the screen displays the CTCSS frequency
111 Press
and " " icon, rotate band switch or MIC UP/DOWN keys to select
key or [PTT]
CTCSS encoding which is desired to setting, press
key to confirm and exit.
222 Double Press
High/Mid/Low Power SETTING
HIGH
VHF(50W)
UHF(40W)
5
MID2
VHF(10W)
UHF(10W)
LOW
VHF(5W)
UHF(5W)
Frequency Reverse
In standby, hold
key for over 1 second to turn On/Off frequency
reverse function. When reverse function is on, the TX frequency will
change to RX frequency and RX frequency change to TX frequency.
The signaling will also be reversed if CTCSS/DCS signaling existed in
this channel.
This function is valid only when current channel setup with offset
frequency and offset direction.
key, When the screen displays the CTCSS
" icon, rotate band switch or MIC UP/DOWN
frequency and "
keys can sync setting the CTCSS encoding and decoding which is
desired, press
key or [PTT] key to confirm and exit
key three times, When the screen displays the DCS NO.
333 Press
and "DCS" icon, rotate band switch or MIC UP/DOWN keys can sync
select the CTCSS encoding and decoding which is desired, press
key or [PTT] key to confirm and exit.
CALL CHANNEL RECALLING
Press
key to recall a preprogrammed channel. It is convenient to set
the most frequently used channel in advance
as a CALL channel for quicker operation.
Repeat it to return to the last operating channel.
CTCSS/DCS Scan
In standby, long press
key to enter CTCSS/DCS scan, when find
matching CTCSS/DCS signal, the scan will pause in the scan pause
way. In the CTCSS/DCS Scan status, rotate band switch or press the
MIC UP/DOWN key can change the scan direction.
To enable this function, the channel shall be programmed with
CTCSS/DCS decode.
13
5
Basic Operations
Dual Watch
In standby, Press
and while
icon is displayed on the screen,
key to enter Dual Watch mode. The radio will scan the
press
channel in every 5 seconds. When the radio receives matching signal, it
pause scanning until the signaling disappear. Repeat above operation to
exit Dual watch.
To start emergency alarm, press and hold
key until the trans
-ceiver displays ALARM and emit alarm. Re-power on the transceiver to
exit alarm. This transceiver has 4 kind of alarm which can be setup by
programming software.
Channel/Frequency Scan
Frequency Scan
In VFO mode, press the
or
key to start scanning.
During the scanning, turn the dial or press [UP/DOWN] keys to change
the scanning direction. Press [PTT] or keys other than [UP/DOWN] to
stop scanning.
Channel Scan
In Memory mode, press the
MEMORY CHANNEL PROGRAMMING
111 In VFO mode, select the desired frequency by using the dial or
numerical keys.
Emergency Alarm
14
press
key. A beep sounds twice and the channel is set as the skip
channel and "P2" icon. Repeat it to cancel the setting, a beep is heard
once and "P2" icon dissapears.
or
key to start scanning.
During the scanning, turn the dial or press [UP/DOWN] keys to change
the scanning direction. Press [PTT] or keys other than [UP/DOWN] to
stop scanning.
Channel Scan Skip
In Memory mode, turn the dial to choose the
channel to skip during scanning. Press
and while
icon is displayed on the screen,
222 Press
key to display
and a memory channel number on the
display.
333 Rotate the dial or press [UP/DOWN] keys to select a desired
memory channel number.
444 While displaying the
and a number, press
key. MEN-IN
appears on the display. While it's displayed, press and hold the
key again until a beep is heard and MEN-IN dissapears. The memory
channel is set. If
icon dissapears during operation, simply press
the
key again to resume.
SEARCH SCAN RANGE SETTING
Five different search scan ranges are programmable.
Set a pair of upper and lower limit frequencies in each L1/U1- L5/
U5 memory channels to activate the function. L stands for the lower
and U stands for the upper limit. The upper
limit must exceed the lower limit frequency.
Please refer above "MEMORY CHANNEL
PROGRAMMING" section for how to memory frequencies.
Channel Copy
111 In memory mode, select the desired channel by using the dial or
numerical keys.
Basic Operations
222 Press
display.
key to display
and a memory channel number on the
333 Rotate the dial or press [UP/DOWN] keys to select a desired memory
channel number.
444 While displaying the
and a number,
key. MEN-IN appears on the
press
display. Two beep is heard and then MEN-IN dissapears, channel
icon disappears during operation, simply press
copy completed. If
key again to resume.
the
Channel Delete
111 In memory mode, select the desired channel by using the dial or
numerical keys.
222 Press
key to display
then press
key. MENOUT appears
on the display. A beep is heard and the memory channel frequency
disappears
333 T h e n r o t a t e t h e d i a l o r p r e s s [ U P /
DOWN] keys to confirm, channel delete
completed. If
icon dissapears during
key
operation, simply press the
again to resume.
Memory Banks operation
The transceiver has 6 groups "A-F" and one no edit group.
Normal memory: 1 to 200 (200ch)
Bank A: CH 201 to 300 (100ch)
Bank B: CH 301 to 400 (100ch)
Bank C: CH 401 to 500 (100ch)
Bank D: CH 501 to 600 (100ch)
5
Bank E: CH 601 to 700(100ch)
Bank F: CH 701 to 758 (58ch)
In memory mode, you can do the groups function according to the
following instruction, the groups number show in the position of channel
number. Normal memory: Show "- -".
key to display
then press
key to enter the group
111 Press
mode.
222 Rotating the dial to choose the groups you
want.
333 Press the
key again to confirm, " " icon appears on the display,
then the radio goes to the group that you choose.
If there is not channel in your choose group, it will return to the
original channel.
444 Exit the groups mode: Press the
then press
key in two
times continuously, " " icon disappears, the radio will back to the
15
channel mode.
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
You can set the operating parameters and functions of DR-638 to best
suite your demands.
key until activating the function menu.
111 Press and hold
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the desired menu.
333 Press the dial to enter to the parameter setting state and rotate it or
use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the desired value.
444 Press the dial again to go back to the menu and set next parameters,
or press [PTT] or
key to set the new parameter and return to
the operating mode.
Menu 01: APO (AUTOMATIC POWER OFF)
Once APO is activated, the transceiver will be automatically switched off
when the pre-set time is elapsed.
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 01
16
APO and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from 0.5 to 12 hours, or
OFF for not using this function.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 02: Automatic offset
This transceiver has automatic offset function. When this function is on,
the transceiver will automatically transmitting with RX frequency ± offset
frequency.
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 02 ARS and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select ON or OFF.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
444 When the ARS is ON, the transceiver will
automatically turn on offset direction, the
default offset for 144MHz range is 0.6MHz,
and 440MHz range is 5MHz.
Frequency range
145.200-145.495MHz
146.610-146.995MHz
147.000-147.395MHz
442.000-444.995MHz
447.000-449.995MHz
Offset Direction
LCD displays "-"
LCD displays "-"
LCD displays "+"
LCD displays "+"
LCD displays "-"
Menu 03: VFO CHANNEL STEP SETTING
This menu appears only in the VFO mode.
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 03
STEP and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys
to select the value from 2.5K, 5K, 6.25K,
10K, 12.5K, 15K, 20K, 25K, 30K and 50KHz.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 04: VFO Band lockout
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 04 BAND and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from
ON: Turn on VFO band lockout function.
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
OFF: Turn off VFO band lockout function.
333 The scanning or frequency setting through the dial or numerical keys
become available only within the current VFO frequency band.
444 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 05: BEEP SOUND
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 05 BEEP and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from
ON: Turn on Beep function.
OFF: Turn off Beep function.
OFF setting turns off the beep sounds.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 06: CPU CLOCK FREQUENCY SETTING
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 06 CLKSFT and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from
ON: Change CPU clock.
OFF: CPU clock frequency remain unchanged.
333 When you hear a noise-interference always on a certain same
channel even without connecting to the antenna, try setting it to ON
parameter. If the noise is CPU clock related, it may be eliminated.
This feature is not a noise-blanker.
444 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 07: 2tone encode Select
6
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 07 2T ENC and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from 0-23, total 24 groups.
If the 2TONE encode are programmed
with name, the LCD will display the
correspondent name.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
After choose the 2TONE encode group. Press [PTT] will transmit
selected code.
Menu 08: 5tone encode Select
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 08 5T ENC and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys
to select the value from 0-99, total 100
groups.
If the 5TONE encode are programmed with name, the LCD will
display the correspondent name.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
After choose the 5TONE encode group. Press [PTT] will transmit
selected code.
17
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
Menu 09: ADD OPTIONAL SIGNALING
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 09 TONDEC and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from :
DTMF: means DTMF signaling is added.
2TONE: means DTMF signaling is added.
5TONE: means DTMF signaling is added.
OFF: Turn off optional signaling
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
444 DTMF and 5Tone signaling can be applied
for other advanced features such as ANI,
[PTT] ID, group call, select call, remotely stun, remotely kill/Revive
18
etc.
NOTE
The working of optional signaling shall be work associated with the
squelch mode setup. (Refer to Squelch Mode setup in page 20)
Menu 10: TONE ENCODE SETUP
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 10 TXCDCS and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from:
OFF: Turn off both CTCSS/DCS encode.
CTCSS: Set CTCSS encode.
DCS: Set DCS encode.
333 Press PTT to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Available tones
CTCSS: 62.5-254.1Hz, and one selfdefine group, total 52 groups.
DCS: 000N-777I, total 1024 groups.
444 See the Appendix at the end of this booklet
for more details.
Menu 11: TONE DECODE SETUP
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 11 RXCDCS and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from:
OFF: Turn off both CTCSS/DCS decode.
CTCSS: Set CTCSS decode.
DCS: Set DCS decode.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Available tones
CTCSS: 62.5-254.1Hz, and one selfdefine group, total 52 groups
DCS: 000N-777I, total 1024 groups
444 See the Appendix at the end of this
booklet for more details.
NOTE
The working of CTCSS/DCS decode shall be work associated with
the squelch mode setup. (Refer to Squelch Mode setup in page 20)
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
Menu 12: SUB BAND DISPLAY
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 12 DSPSUB and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value from:
FREQ: Displays sub band frequency.
DC-IN: Displays approximate DC voltage
instead of sub band frequency.
OFF: Turns off to display the sub band
frequnecy.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
444 While OFF is selected, you can still switch beteen the MAIN and
SUB bands.
555 This setting only hides the SUB band appearance, not turning off the
SUB band functions.
Menu 13: DTMF ENCODE PRE-LOADING TIMING
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 13 DTMF D and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the pre-Loading time value from:
100Ms/300Ms/600Ms/800Ms and 1000Ms
(1 second)
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
6
Menu 14: DTMF ENCODE TRANSMITTING TIME
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 14 DTMF S and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the time for transmit a single DTMF
encoding tone and the interval time value
from 30Ms / 50Ms / 80Ms / 100Ms / 150Ms
/ 200Ms and 250Ms.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 15: DTMF ENCODE SETUP
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 15 DTMF W and press the dial.
19
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the DTMF group.
333 Press
key again to go back to DTMF.
Pressing [PTT] will transmit with selected
DTMF code (01-16: 16 groups of DTMF
codes programmable). When the selected
group is empty, the LCD displays [------].
Press the dial so that the last bar starts
flashing. Turn the dial to select desired
first character or number for DTMF tone coding. Press the dial again
to select the next. Press the
key to complete and return to the
DTMF group menu. Repeat for more coding.
key again to store values and exit code editing.
444 Press
555 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
Menu 16: Squelch Mode Setup
This parameter becomes available only when CTCSS/DCS or optional
DTMF/5TONE/TONE signaling has been set.
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 16
SGN SQL and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select desired setting.
SQ: Normal squelch only without any
selective calling functions.
CTSS/DCS: Like TSQ or DCS, CTCSS/
DCS code is required to open the squelch.
CT*TO: Optional signaling such as
20
DTMF and 5-tone is required to open the
squelch.
TONE: CTCSS/DCS and an Optional
signaling is required to open the squelch.
CT/TO: Opens squelch when matching either one of CTCSS/DCS
or an optional signaling.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 17: COMPANDER
Compander reduces background noise, but all users' radios must be
equipped with compander and turned on the function.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 17 COMP and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON: Turn on Compander function.
OFF: Turn off Compander function
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 18: SCRAMBLER
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 18 SCR and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys
to select the value. Available parameters are 1-9 (9 fixed groups )U1,
U2 (2 self defined scrambler groups). Set
the same value to all users.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 19: TONE BURST TONES
Tone-burst tones are commonly used in Europe to activate repeaters.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 19 TBST and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select desired setting.
1000: 1000Hz.
1450: 1450Hz.
1750: 1750Hz.
2100: 2100Hz.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
To send the tone, press [PTT] then press [down] key. Once the
repeater is open, sending TBT is not necessary.
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
Menu 20: HYPER
The radio can be setting two kinds of display mode, HYPER1 and
HYPER2, Provide independent VFO, Call Channel, Group function
setting.
111 Press and hold key until activating the
function menu. Rotate thedial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 20
HYPER and pressthe dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select desired setting.
HYPER1: Super channel 1 display mode.
HYPER2: Super channel 2 display mode.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 21: KEYPAD LOCKOUT
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 21 LOCK and
press the dial.
6
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 22 LOCKT and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON: PTT lock.
OFF: PTT lock disabled.
333 Press
key to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 23: TOT Penalty
When transmission is shut down in the TOT mode, this function prohibits
another transmission during a selected TOT penalty period regardless of
the [PTT] key being pressed. A beep sounds
when the [PTT] key is pressed during the TOT
penalty period.
111 Press and hold key until activating the function menu. Rotate the dial
or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 23 TOTP and press the 21
dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the value:
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
1-30 second, total of 30 setting parameters
OFF: TOTP is turn off.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
OFF: Turn off the key-lock.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
111 Press and hold
select the value:
ON: Turn on the key-lock. All keys operation
are locked except
key.
Menu 22: PTT LOCKOUT
This function is to prohibit or restrict PTT operations.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
Menu 24: FREQUENCY REVERSE
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 24 REV and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON: Frequency Reverse is turn on, The TX and RX frequency will
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
be exchanged, the CTCSS DCS signaling
also will be exchanged if existed in current
channel.
OFF: Turn off Frequency Reverse.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 25: SUB BAND MUTE
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 25 MUTE and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
TX: When the Main band is transmitting,
the sub band receive is mute.
22
RX: When the Main band is receiving, the
sub band receive is mute.
RX/TX: Suspends the sub band receive at any time.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 26: EDITING MEMORY NAME
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 26
NAME C and press the dial so that the last
digit starts flashing. Up to 7 characters can
be registered in each memory channel.
222 Turn the dial to select desired first character. Press the dial again to
edit the next. Press
key to store values and exit the setting menu.
333 Press PTT to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 27: TIME-OUT TIMER(TOT)
The time-out timer limits the amount of continuously transmitting time.
When the transmitting reaches the selected TOT value, the transmission
will be automatically cut off and emits warning beep.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 27 TOT and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
1-30 Minutes, total of 30 setting parameters.
OFF: TOT is turn off.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
4-5 minutes is common and recommended.
Menu 28-31: Microphone PA,PB, PC,PD key setup
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or
use [UP/DOWN] keys to select themenu
No.28-31 menu The LCD displays "PG
PA", "PG PB", "PG PC", "PG PD" and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select wanted value.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
For Menu details, please refer to Page 29-30, Microphone Operation.
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
Menu 32: RF SQUELCH
The squelch opens only when the signal strength reaches to the selected
S-meter reading.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 32 RF SQL and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
S-3: Squelch opens at 3 bar.
S-5: Squelch opens at 5 bars.
S-9: Squelch opens at 9 bars.
S-FULL: Squelch opens at FULL-scale
reading only.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
when open, SQL ring adjustment is inefficiency.
Menu 33: OFFSET DIRECTION
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 33 RPT MOD
and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
-: Minus offset, means transmitting
frequency is lower than receiving
frequency.
+ : P l u s o ff s e t , m e a n s t r a n s m i t t i n g
frequency is higher than receiving
frequency.
6
OFF: OFFSET is turn off. Transmitting frequency is the same as
receiving frequency.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 34: SCAN RESUME CONDITION
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 34 SCAN and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
TIME: Pauses 5 seconds to receive the
signal and resume scanning.
BUSY: Remains on the frequency until
the signal is gone, then resume scanning
after pausing 2 seconds.
SECEDE: Cancels scanning when a
signal is received and stopped scanning.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 35: PRIORITY CHANNEL SCAN
Priority channels must be pre-programmed in P SCAN to set this
parameter.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 35 SCAN M and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
MEN: Scans all memory channels in the
channel scanning mode.
23
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
MSN: Scans only Priority memory
channels in the channel scanning mode.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 36: OFFSET FREQUENCY
The difference between the transmitting and receiving frequencies for
repeater operation is called shift or offset frequnecy.
111 Press and hold
24
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 36
SHIFT and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select desired value between 0 and 100MHz.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 37: DISPLAY MODE
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 37 DISPLAY and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the mode:
FREQ: Displays channel number +
frequency in memory mode and switches
to VFO mode by pressing
key.
CH: Displays only memory channel
numbers.
NAME: Displays channel number + name
tags in memory mode and switches to
key.
VFO mode by pressing
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 38: BUSY CHANNEL LOCKOUT(BCLO)
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate the
dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the
menu 38 REPLOCK and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the mode:
RLORP: Signaling BCLO, transmitting is inhibited when a signal with
different CTCSS/DCS setting is being
received.
RLOBU: Transmitting is inhibited when a
signal of any kind is being received.
OFF: BCLO is disabled.Transmitting is
allowed in any receiving status.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 39: DTMF SELF ID ENQUIRY
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 39 DTMF ID and
press the dial.
222 The DTMF self ID is shown on the display.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 40: 5-TONE SELF ID ENQUIRY
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 40 5TONE ID
and press the dial.
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
222 The 5-TONE self ID is shown on the
display.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 41: VFO FREQUENCY LINKAGE
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 41 VFOTR and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON: Turn on the Link. In VFO mode, both
MAIN and SUB band frequencies
changes by the same channel steps at
dial or [UP/DOWN] operation.
OFF: Turn off the Link.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
This function is valid only when both bands operate in VFO mode.
Menu 42: WIDE/NARROW FM MODE
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 42 WINNAR and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the mode:
WIDE: Wide bandwidth (25KHz)
6
MIDDLE: Middle bandwidth (20KHz)
NARROW: Narrow bandwidth (12.5KHz)
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
NOTE
The FM bandwidth must be set correctly in accordance with your local
regulations. Incorrect setting may also cause poor audio quality.
Menu 43: CROSSBAND REPEAT
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 43 X-RPT.
222 Press the dial to display "XSTART".
333 Press the dial again, a beep sounds and
displays REP.
444 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value.
555 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 44-46: LCD backlight
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select themenu No.
44-46 menu The LCD displays "COL
RED", "COLGRN", "COL BLU" and press
the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys
25
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
to select wanted value. Each color (Red,
Green, Bule) with 32 brightness levels.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
Menu 47: Keypad backlight brightness
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 47 DIMMER and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
Available value: 32 brightness levels.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 48: Calling Record
26 The transceiver offers enquiry of calling record.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 48 NOTE and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
This transceiver is able to record 16
calling at most.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 49: AM Function
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 49 AM and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys
to select the value:
ON: turn on AM function.
OFF: turn off AM function.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
This function is only valid when the Main band frequency is VHF 108180MHz, the function is invalid when the right band is set as Main band.
Menu 50: Automatic AM function
The radio will automatically boot AM function when the VHF frequency is
under 136MHz.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 50 AUT AM and
press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
333 select the value:
ON: turn on auto AM function.
OFF: turn off auto AM function.
444 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
To enable Automatic AM function, the AM function shall be turned on first.
Menu 51: VHF External speaker port
When the function setup as external (EXT), an external Dual Track
speaker must be connected in order to hear the calling on VHF. The
calling from VHF and UHF are separated in 2 tracks.
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 51
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
VSPCONT and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the value:
INT: Internal speaker, VHF and UHF band
share one speaker
EXT: External speaker, the calling on VHF
is only audible through the external Dual
Track speaker.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 52: BEEP Volume control
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select
the menu 52 BP-VOL and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys
to select the value:
LOW: BEEP volume is low.
HIGH: BEEP volume is high.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
Menu 53: TALK AROUND
With this function on, the transceiver will not able to communicate with
another transceiver through a repeater.
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu.Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 53 TALK and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON: Turn on Talk Around.
OFF: Turn off Talk Around.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
6
Menu 54: Microphone Speaker
111 Press and hold
key until activating
the function menu. Rotate the dial or use
[UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 54
HND SPK. and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
HSPKOFF: Turn off microphone speaker.
HSPK ON: Turn on microphone speaker.
MSPKOFF: Turn off Main speaker.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
MENU 55: Memory Banks ENQUIRY
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 55 BAK -- and
press the dial.
222 The memory bank is shown on the display.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the
dial to set and continue.
MENU 56: MEMORY BANKS LINKING
Memory banks can be linked together for expanded scanning or viewing.
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 56 BALK and
press the dial.
27
6
Parameter Setting Mode (SET MODE)
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON/OFF: Select ON to turn on Bank
Linking, Off to turn off Bank Linking
Menu 57 Bank A Link
ON /OFF
Menu 58 Bank B Link
ON /OFF
Menu 59 Bank C Link
ON /OFF
Menu 60 Bank D Link
ON /OFF
Menu 61 Bank E Link
ON /OFF
Menu 62 Bank F Link
ON /OFF
Menu 63 Bank CH Link ON /OFF
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
28
Menu 64: Password Function
111 Press and hold
key until activating the function menu. Rotate
the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to select the menu 64 PASSWD.
and press the dial.
222 Rotate the dial or use [UP/DOWN] keys to
select the value:
ON: Turn on password function.
OFF: Turn off password function.
333 Press [PTT] to set and exit or press the dial to set and continue.
NOTE
When password function is on, correct password shall be input after
power on. The password shall be programmed before using this
function.
Microphone Operation
DOWN
MIC
means plus offset, when the LCD displays "-", means minus offset.
UP
NOTE
PTT
Main/Sub band switch
Numeric Keys
[UP/DOWN] lock key
Microphone speaker
You can operate the transceiver by keypad or input desired frequency
and channel through the EMS-77 microphone.
Send DTMF signaling
Hold the [PTT] key; input the desired DTMF signaling by the numeric
keys.
Main/Sub band switching
At the default setting, both MAIN and SUB bands are displayed. The
transmitting is possible only on the frequency/channel shown on the
LEFT.
To transmit, press the [M/S] key to set the desired frequency or channel
on the LEFT side of the display.
Function operation through PA-PD keys
This function must be preprogrammed using the utility software in
advance.
RPTR: OFFSET direction setup, in standby,
press the key programmed as RPTR
function will change the offset direction. When LCD displays "+",
7
This function is valid only when current channel set with offset frequency.
PRI: Add or delete priority channel: In channel mode, press the key
programmed as PRI function to set priority channel, when the LCD
displays "P1" , the current channel is
set as priority channel. Repeat above
operation, the "P1" icon disappear, the
curent channel is not set as priority channel.
LOW: Output power setup, in standby, press the key programmed as as
LOW function will change the power level. When LCD displays
HIGH, the transmitting power on current channel is high. When
LCD displays MID1, the transmitting power on current channel
is middle1, When LCD displays MID2, the transmitting power on
current channel is middle 2. When LCD
29
displays LOW, the transmitting power on
current channel is low.
TONE: CTCSS/DCS code setup. In standby, press the key programmed
as TONE function will be able to setup CTCSS/DCS code. When
the LCD displays " " and CTCSS frequency, press the [UP/
DOWN] key to choose CTCSS encode. When the LCD displays
"
" and CTCSS frequency, press
the microphone [UP/DOWN] key to
choose CTCSS decode. When the
LCD displays "DCS" and DCS code, press the microphone [UP/
DOWN] key to choose DCS code.
MHZ: In VFO mode, press the key programmed
as MHZ function, the megabit digital in
the LCD flashes, now rotate the dial or
microphone [UP/DOWN] key to adjust frequency by 1Mhz step.
7
Microphone Operation
REV: In standby, press the key programmed
as "REV" function to turn-on or turn off
Frequency Revrse function.
CALL: CALL channel switch, in standby press
the key programmed as " CALL "
function to switch between CALL
channel and current channel.
MAIN: Main band switch, in standby press the
key programmed as "MAIN" function to
choose left band or right band as Main
band.
VFO/MR: Working mode switch, in standby,
press the key programmed as
"VFO/MR" function to switch
30
between channel mode and frequency mode.
SCAN: Scan function, in standby, press the
key programmed as "SCAN" function
to start channel scan or frequency
scan.
SQL OFF: Turn off Squelch, in standby, press
the key programmed as " SQL
OFF" function to turn off squelch,
you can hear very weak signal, repeat the above function to
turn on squelch.
TBST: Transmit tone burst, in standby, press
the key programmed as "TBST"
function to transmit selected tone burst.
This function is use to wake sleeping repeater.
CALL OUT: Calling, in standby, press the key programmed as "CALL
OUT " function to transmit preprogrammed DTMF, 2TONE,
5TONE code.
COMP: Compander function in standby, press
the key programmed as " COMP" to
turn on or turn off Compander function.
SCR: Scrambler function, in standby, press the key programmed as
" SCR " function to check Scrambler
function. The optional scrambler groups
(from 9 fixed groups and 2 self defined
groups).
TONE DEC: Add Optional Signaling, in standby
press the key programmed
as"TONE DEC" function to choose
DTMF(DT), 2TONE(2T), 5TONE(5T) or OFF.
W/N: Wide or narrow band setup, in standby,
press the key programmed as " W/N "
function to choose Wide band, middle
and narrow band.
TALK: In standby status, press programmed
Talk key to enable and disable Talk
around function.
OFF: No function.
Cable Clone
8
This feature will copy the programmed data and parameters from the master unit to slave units. It copies the parameters and memory program settings.
111 Use optional cloning cable, connect the cable between the data jacks on both master and slave.
key to power on, then hold this key until the LCD displays "CLONE".
222 Press and hold
Clone Cable(EDS-29)
333 Press the dial, the Master unit and Slave unit both display "CLONE XX", "XX" stands for the data amount being cloned,
when the Master unit displays "CLONE" again, the Slave unit repower on, means the clone completed. Turn off the Slave
unit, and change another slave unit. Then repeat step 3 to clone next radio.
NOTE
When the Master unit enter clone mode, repeater step 3 will be able to clone multi radios.
If the data is not successfully transmitted, turn off both units, make sure the cable connection is correct and repeat the entire operation from the beginning.
RESUME FACTORY DEFAULT
If your radio seems to be malfunctioning becuase of wrong operation or setup, this function will be able to resume all setup and channels to factory
default.
Hold
key while power on the radio, all channnel and function setup will resume to factory default.
Note: The memory channels will be erased and can't recall after reset. Use of the utility software explained in the next page enables to store
and recall memory data.
31
9
Programming Software Installing and Starting
Utility Software in Windows system
ERW-12 driver installation
To use DR-638 setting utility software, a PC cable ERW-12 is necessary. Before using the ERW-12, a driver software should be installed.
Please visit http://www.prolific.com.tw/ > Products Apprications > Smart IO > Serial/parallel for the most updated driver software of the device used in
the ERW-12 USB/serial conversion cable. The manufacturer of the device offers the driver and its complete instructions in English.
Unzip the downloaded file, unzip and click on the PL****Prolific_DriverInstaller_v*** to start installation.
DR-638 utility software
NOTICE: Amateur radio version software is downloadable from ALINCO.com. The manufacturer distributes the Commercial-user version to the dealers
through the authorized importers/distributors only. The dealers should consult with the distributor of your area for details.
32
To install, click on the DR638 Clone Utility ***.exe then follow the steps to complete the installation. After being completed, open the Device Manager
menu of the Windows program to identify the assigned COM port ID of "Prolific USB-to-Serial port".
Connect the ERW-12 cable to the microphone connector of the DR-638, turn it on, then click on the DR_638** Icon to start the program. At first, the
COM port setting window opens. Select the assigned COM port ID. After successfully selected the COM port, the utility window opens. You need to
follow this instruction otherwise the ERW-12 doesn't recognize the DR-638.
The operation is fairly simple; please write/read a simple, dummy data several times to get used to the functions the program offers before actually
edit the memory data.
When some parameters may be used, the radio becomes like a landmobile and user-reset is inhibited.
Please consult your local dealers for technical support if necessary.
Alinco and ALINCO logo are registered trademarks of Alinco Incorporated, Japan in the United States, EU States, Russia, China and many
other countries.
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properties of their respective holders.
Maintenance
10
Trouble Shooting
Problem
Possible Causes and Potential Solutions
(a) Power is on, nothing appears on
Display.
Polarities of power connection are reversed. Connect red lead to positive terminal and black lead to
negative terminal of DC power supply.
(b) Fuse is blown.
Check and solve problem resulting in blown fuse and replace fuse with new fuse.
(c) Display is too dim.
Set the LCD backlight parameter properly.
(d) No sound comes from speaker.
• Squelch is muted. Decrease squelch level.
• Tone or CTCSS/DCS squelch is active. Turn CTCSS or DCS squelch off.
(e) Key and Dial do not function.
Key-lock function is activated. Cancel Key-lock function.
(f) Rotating Dial will not change
memory channel.
Transceiver is in CALL mode. Change to the VFO or memory mode.
(g) PTT key is pressed but
transmission does not occur.
• Microphone connection is poor. Connect microphone properly.
• Antenna connection is poor. Connect antenna properly.
33
If a problem should occur, first try the troubleshooting procedure given above. If the problem persists, contact your nearest ALINCO
dealer for technical assistances.
11
Specifications
General
Receiver (ETSI EN 300 068)
TX: 136~174MHz
400~480MHz
Frequency Range
RX: 108~180MHz (AM/FM)
220~260MHz (FM)
400~523MHz (FM)
350~399.995MHz (FM)
Number of Channels
758 channels
25KHz(Wide band)
Channel Spacing
20KHz(Middle band)
Wide band
Narrow band
≤0.25μV
≤0.35μV
Adjacent Channel
Selectivity
≥70dB
≥60dB
Audio Response
+1~-3dB(0.3~3KHz)
+1~-3dB(0.3~2.55KHz)
≥45dB
≥40dB
Sensitivity
(12dB SINAD)
Hum & Noise
Audio distortion
Transmitter (ETSI EN 300 068)
Wide band
2.5KHz、5KHz、6.25KHz、10KHz、
Phase-locked Step
12.5KHz、15KHz、20KHz、25KHz、
30KHz、50KHz
Power Output
Modulation
16KΦF3E
11KΦF3E
≥70dB
≥60dB
Hum & Noise
≥40dB
≥36dB
13.8V DC ±15%
Squelch
Carrier/CTCSS/DCS/5Tone/2Tone/DTMF
Frequency Stability
±2.5ppm
Operating Temperature
-20~+60℃ Audio Response
Dimensions(WxHxD)
139(W)x40(H)x212(D)mm
Audio Distortion
Weight
about 1.15kg
Sepcifications are subject to change without notice due to
advancements in technology.
Narrow band
50W/25W/10W/5W(VHF)
40W/25W/10W/5W(UHF)
Adjacent Channel
Power
Operating Voltage
NOTE
>2W@10%
Audio power output
12.5KHz (Narrow band)
34
≤5%
Spurious Emission
≥60dB
≥60dB
+1~-3dB(0.3~3KHz)
+1~-3dB(0.3~2.55KHz)
≤5%
Appendix
1024 groups DCS Code
51 groups CTCSS Tone Frequency(Hz)
62.5 77.0 91.5 107.2 127.3 151.4 167.9 183.5 199.5 225.7 254.1
67.0 79.7 94.8 110.9 131.8 156.7 171.3 186.2 203.5 229.1
12
Self
Define
69.3 82.5 97.4 114.8 136.5 159.8 173.8 189.9 206.5 233.6
71.9 85.4 100.0 118.8 141.3 162.2 177.3 192.8 210.7 241.8
74.4 88.5 103.5 123.0 146.2 165.5 179.9 196.6 218.1 250.3
The self defined CTCSS tone supports non standard codes. The frequency
shall be pre-programmed
000
010
020
030
040
050
060
070
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
300
310
320
330
001
011
021
031
041
051
061
071
101
111
121
131
141
151
161
171
201
211
221
231
241
251
261
271
301
311
321
331
002
012
022
032
042
052
062
072
102
112
122
132
142
152
162
172
202
212
222
232
242
252
262
272
302
312
322
332
003
013
023
033
043
053
063
073
103
113
123
133
143
153
163
173
203
213
223
233
243
253
263
273
303
313
323
333
004
014
024
034
044
054
064
074
104
114
124
134
144
154
164
174
204
214
224
234
244
254
264
274
304
314
324
334
005
015
025
035
045
055
065
075
105
115
125
135
145
155
165
175
205
215
225
235
245
255
265
275
305
315
325
335
006
016
026
036
046
056
066
076
106
116
126
136
146
156
166
176
206
216
226
236
246
256
266
276
306
316
326
336
007
017
027
037
047
057
067
077
107
117
127
137
147
157
167
177
207
217
227
237
247
257
267
277
307
317
327
337
35
12
36
340
350
360
370
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
700
710
Appendix
341
351
361
371
401
411
421
431
441
451
461
471
501
511
521
531
541
551
561
571
601
611
621
631
641
651
661
671
701
711
342
352
362
372
402
412
422
432
442
452
462
472
502
512
522
532
542
552
562
572
602
612
622
632
642
652
662
672
702
712
343
353
363
373
403
413
423
433
443
453
463
473
503
513
523
533
543
553
563
573
603
613
623
633
643
653
663
673
703
713
344
354
364
374
404
414
424
434
444
454
464
474
504
514
524
534
544
554
564
574
604
614
624
634
644
654
664
674
704
714
345
355
365
375
405
415
425
435
445
455
465
475
505
515
525
535
545
555
565
575
605
615
625
635
645
655
665
675
705
715
346
356
366
376
406
416
426
436
446
456
466
476
506
516
526
536
546
556
566
576
606
616
626
636
646
656
666
676
706
716
347
357
367
377
407
417
427
437
447
457
467
477
507
517
527
537
547
557
567
577
607
617
627
637
647
657
667
677
707
717
720
730
740
750
760
770
NOTE
721
731
741
751
761
771
722
732
742
752
762
772
723
733
743
753
763
773
724
734
744
754
764
774
725
735
745
755
765
775
726
736
746
756
766
776
N is positive code, I is negative code, total:1024 groups.
727
737
747
757
767
777
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