USB 2.0 Compliance Test Software Rev.D

LeCroy
USB 2.0
Compliance Test Software
Operator’s Manual
May 2005
LeCroy Corporation
700 Chestnut Ridge Road
Chestnut Ridge, NY 10977–6499
Tel: (845) 578 6020, Fax: (845) 578 5985
Internet: www.lecroy.com
© 2005 by LeCroy Corporation. All rights reserved.
LeCroy, ActiveDSO, ProBus, SMART Trigger, JitterTrack, WavePro, WaveMaster, WaveSurfer,
and Waverunner are registered trademarks of LeCroy Corporation. Information in this publication
supersedes all earlier versions. Specifications subject to change without notice.
Manufactured under an ISO 9000
Registered Quality Management System
Visit www.lecroy.com to view the
certificate
This electronic product is subject to
disposal and recycling regulations
that vary by country and region.
Many countries prohibit the
disposal of waste electronic
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receptacles.
For more information about proper
disposal and recycling of your
LeCroy product, please visit
www.lecroy.com/recycle.
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Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................3
Host tests .................................................................................................................................. 3
Device tests .............................................................................................................................. 3
Hub tests................................................................................................................................... 4
Equipment list................................................................................................................................... 5
USB Test Fixture .............................................................................................................................. 5
INSTALLATION ....................................................................................................7
USB-IF Test Scripts .......................................................................................................................... 7
Test Bed Computer .......................................................................................................................... 7
MATLAB ........................................................................................................................................... 8
USB Test Wizard and HS Test Tool.................................................................................................. 8
HIGH SPEED SIGNAL QUALITY .......................................................................13
Host and Hub Downstream High Speed Signal Quality................................................................. 13
Hub and Device Upstream High Speed Signal Quality.................................................................. 14
HIGH SPEED PACKET PARAMETERS ............................................................16
HIGH-SPEED CHIRP TIMING ............................................................................18
Host High Speed Chirp Timing ............................................................................................... 18
Device and Hub High Speed Chirp Timing............................................................................. 22
HIGH SPEED SUSPEND RESUME RESET TIMING .........................................23
Host High Speed Suspend Resume Reset Timing................................................................. 23
Device High Speed Suspend Resume Reset......................................................................... 26
Hub High Speed Suspend Resume Reset Timing ................................................................. 30
HOST AND HUB DISCONNECT ........................................................................34
HUB HIGH SPEED UPSTREAM REPEATER....................................................37
HUB HIGH SPEED DOWNSTREAM REPEATER..............................................40
RECEIVER SENSITIVITY ...................................................................................43
FULL AND LOW SPEED TESTS .......................................................................48
Equipment requirements ................................................................................................................ 48
Standard USB products .......................................................................................................... 48
Standard Test Equipment ....................................................................................................... 49
Hub and Host Drop Test ......................................................................................................... 50
Self-powered Hubs or Hosts .......................................................................................................... 50
Bus-powered Hubs......................................................................................................................... 51
Test Criteria ............................................................................................................................ 51
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Droop test.......................................................................................................................................52
Test Steps............................................................................................................................... 52
Test Criteria ............................................................................................................................ 53
Test Results ............................................................................................................................ 54
Reporting Results ................................................................................................................... 54
Host Low Speed Downstream Signal Quality ................................................................................54
Host Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality .................................................................................56
Inrush current .................................................................................................................................58
Hub Down Stream Low Speed Signal Quality................................................................................60
Hub Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality ..................................................................................62
Device and Hub Full Speed Upstream Signal Quality Test ............................................................63
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INTRODUCTION
USB2 is an automated test package that performs all of the required tests from the USB-IF for
physical layer compliance of USB2.0 hosts, hubs, and devices. The package consists of software
that runs within the LeCroy WavePro 7000A series, WaveMaster, SDA, or WaveRunner 6000A
series of X-Stream digitizing oscilloscopes, and an optional test fixture that allows you to couple
into the electrical USB signals.
The software and fixture combine to perform the following measurements for USB2.0 hosts, hubs,
and devices:
Host tests
•
HS signal quality
•
HS packet parameters
•
HS chirp timing
•
HS suspend/resume/reset
•
HS disconnect
•
FS downstream signal quality
•
LS downstream signal quality
Device tests
•
HS signal quality
•
HS Far-end for tethered devices
•
HS Near-end for untethered devices
•
HS packet parameters
•
HS chirp timing
•
HS suspend/resume/reset
•
HS Receiver Sensitivity
•
FS upstream signal quality
•
LS upstream signal quality (USB 1.1 devices only)
•
Inrush current.
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Hub tests
•
HS signal quality (Upstream/Downstream)
o
HS Far-end for tethered hubs
o
HS Near-end for untethered hubs
•
HS packet parameters
•
HS chirp timing
•
HS suspend/resume/reset
•
HS Receiver Sensitivity
•
HS Downstream Repeater
•
HS Upstream Repeater
•
FS signal quality (upstream/downstream)
•
LS signal quality (upstream/downstream)
•
Inrush current.
In addition to the above tests, the J/K, SE0_NAK test can be performed with the use of a digital
voltmeter. This test is performed for Hosts, Devices, and Hubs.
Receiver sensitivity for devices requires the use of a data generator to produce “IN” packets. This
manual describes the use of both the Agilent 81130A pulse generator and the Tektronix DG2040A
for this test, although other instruments can also be used.
The USB package is invoked by selecting Analysis from the menu bar, then USB2 from the dropdown menu. Once invoked, the USB2.0 test menu will appear at the bottom of the instrument
display. This menu serves both to control the various measurement modes and to guide the
operator through the steps of the test procedure. The Next, Previous, and Reset buttons
navigate through each measurement. Specific measurements are selected from the Mode and
Test controls.
As the test procedure is followed by the software, setup panels are recalled automatically for
each test and mode. These setup files are provided with the test software and are automatically
installed in the D:\Applications\USB2\Setups directory. In addition to the setup directory, there is
a results directory created at D:\Applications\USB2\Results. The “Results” directory contains
measurement result files for Inrush and Signal Quality measurements.
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Equipment list
USB testing requires a number of probes as well as additional USB devices. The high-speed
receiver sensitivity test requires a digital pattern generator. The following equipment is required
for high-speed, full-speed, and low-speed USB testing:
•
WaveRunner 6200A, WavePro7200A or better, WaveMaster 8300A or better or SDA
ƒ
USB test fixture (LeCroy TF-USB)
ƒ
2 GHz or higher bandwidth active differential probe (LeCroy D350ST-SP, 2 ea.)
ƒ
2 GHz active probe (LeCroy HFP2500, 2 ea.)
ƒ
1 GHz or lower bandwidth active probe (HFP1000) or passive probe (PP006A) or
equivalent)
ƒ
Current probe (LeCroy CP015)
ƒ
Certified high-speed USB Hub (self-powered)
ƒ
Self-powered full-speed hubs (5 ea.)
ƒ
5 meter USB cables (6 ea.)
ƒ
Low-speed trigger device (USB mouse)
ƒ
Full-speed trigger device (USB web camera)
USB Test Fixture
The USB test fixture (TF-USB) is required to perform compliance tests. The fixture consists of
several sections designed to allow connection to the electrical signal under test. Each section is
marked on the fixture, and the ports on each section are also labeled. The section and port(s) to
use for a given test are called out in the procedure on the instrument display and in this manual.
To operate, the fixture requires a 5 V power supply, which is provided with the fixture. The USB
test fixture has square pins that provide connection points for differential and single-ended
probes. The pins are connected to the “+” and “-“ signal lines and a pair of ground pins are also
provided.
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GROUND PINS
Probe Connection Pins Showing Grounds
USB 2.0 Test Fixture (Part Number TF-USB)
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INSTALLATION
NOTE: The USB-IF High Speed Test Tool scripts must be installed on the host computer or oscilloscope in order for the
MATLAB scripts to operate correctly. These scripts are periodically updated by the USB-IF to incorporate any changes to
the specifications. Always verify that you are using the latest version of these scripts.
USB-IF Test Scripts
The test package uses test scripts that have been written by the USB-IF specifically for analyzing
test data acquired by the oscilloscope. These scripts are used by the test software and are
installed in D:\Applications\USB2\Setups. The software USBHSET.exe can be downloaded from
the UFB-IF Web site by following this link:
http://www.usb.org/developers/tools/USBHSET.exe
The USB-IF software on both the host computer and oscilloscope is the same code downloaded
from the USB-IF Web site. Download the file USBHSET.exe and execute it to install the software
on your oscilloscope.
Test Bed Computer
A host computer with a USB2.0 controller card is required to run the USB compliance tests. This
computer must be running Windows 2000 Professional or Windows XP, and have installed on it
the USB-IF test suite described above. The instructions in the LeCroy test package will prompt
you to execute specific functions within the USB High Speed Test Tool on the host computer for
various tests. On certain model oscilloscopes from LeCroy, the four USB ports on the back of the
instrument can be used as the test bed computer. It is, however, best practice to use an external
host computer, separate from the oscilloscope, to run all the tests. To determine if your
oscilloscope has the appropriate ports, from Explorer select USB-IF Test Suite Æ USB HS
Electrical Toolkit Æ HSElectricalTestTool.exe. If the USB 2.0 ports are present, the main menu
will appear:
USB-IF HS Electrical Test Tool main menu
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Note: If you are using a USB mouse, it will be disabled (signified by a tone). Use keyboard keys to navigate through the
HS Electrical Test Tool menu. Mouse functionality will be restored upon exiting the Test Tool menu.
If this window does not appear or an error message is issued, then your scope does not have
USB 2.0 ports, and an external host computer is necessary.
MATLAB
Effective with X-Stream version 4.3.1, the LeCroy USB2.0 test suite no longer requires a full
installation of MATLAB software. MATLAB scripts are used to perform signal quality tests.
USB Test Wizard and HS Test Tool
The LeCroy USB test software (USB2) provides a “test wizard” to guide you through the
compliance test procedure for hosts, hubs, and devices. The USB Test Wizard is activated by
selecting USB2 from the Analysis menu of the oscilloscope:
The wizard dialog page shown in the image below asks you to set the Mode and Test controls
and guides you through the test. The tests must be followed step by step and cannot be skipped.
Following the instructions closely will guarantee the success of the test. Once a test is selected
from the Test menu, the instruction will reset to Step 1. Use the Next button to continue to the
next step. Use the Back button to redo the previous step. Use the Reset button to do the test
over again from Step 1.
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Device test High Speed Near End Signal Quality
The above image shows an example of Step 1 of 4 for Device test High Speed Near End Signal
Quality. The first instructions tell you to hook up the USB device, host, and cables to the USB
test fixture.
The following image demonstrates a USB device (camera) connected to the Device SQ cable of
the test fixture (left), while the host cable is connected to init input J24 (right)
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Step 2 instructs you to connect the probe between the scope and the test fixture:
Step 2 of 4: Probe Hookup
D350ST-SP Differential Probe Connected to the Test Fixture
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Some of the tests will require an active single-ended probe hookup. The following image shows a
typical hookup of a single-ended probe. Make sure that the lower tip socket of the probe is
connected to the ground pin of the test fixture.
Active Probe Hookup Example
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Step 3 instructs you to set up the HS Electrical Test Tool that generates the test signal:
Step 3 of 4: EL_2-EL_7 Signal Quality
HS Electrical Test Tool Setup for Device High Speed Signal Quality
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HIGH SPEED SIGNAL QUALITY
Host and Hub Downstream High Speed Signal Quality
1. Select Host or Hub in the “Mode” control and HS Downstream Signal Quality in the
“Test” control of the USB Test Wizard.
2. Follow the instructions on the right side of the menu. The host port is connected to the
“SQ Host” section of the Test Fixture as shown below.
3. The differential probe connects to the square pins in this section of the fixture.
SQ Host Section of the USB Test Fixture
The captured waveform should appear as shown below. Cursors (dashed vertical lines in the
image) must be placed on either side of the packet as shown. Use the CURSORS knobs on the
oscilloscope’s front panel to adjust the position of the cursors if necessary. The waveform
between the cursors is processed by the USB-IF signal quality test script to obtain an eye pattern
and jitter measurements.
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Device and Hub Upstream High Speed Signal Quality
Select the appropriate mode (device or hub) and test (signal quality for device or upstream signal
quality for hub) in the USB test wizard. The device or hub upstream port is connected to the host
computer through the [SQ Device] section of the Test Fixture.
Note: Select Device HS Upstream NE Signal Quality for a device without a captive cable. Select Device HS Upstream
FE Signal Quality for a device with a captive cable.
Connections for device or hub upstream signal quality. The host computer connects to the [init] port
(red circle) and the device or hub upstream port is attached to the test cable (blue circle).
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The captured waveform should appear as shown below (shown for the device test). Cursors
(dashed vertical lines in the image) must appear on either side of the packet, as shown. Use the
CURSORS knobs on the oscilloscope’s front panel to adjust the position of the cursors, if
necessary. The waveform between the cursors is processed by the USB-IF signal quality test
script to obtain an eye pattern and jitter measurements.
Note: After the device or hub upstream signal quality test is completed, the power to the device or hub must be cycled in
order to stop the transmission of the test packets. The device or hub will not respond to further test commands until the
power is cycled.
Hub and Device Upstream High Speed Signal Quality
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HIGH SPEED PACKET PARAMETERS
Packet parameters represent timing measurements of the communications between host, hub,
and device. USB2.0 transmits data in bi-directional packets. The timing of these packets is critical
for proper communications. The sync field at the start of the packet and the width of the EOP (end
of packet) as well as the inter-packet timing is measured in this test.
1. Select Host, Hub, or Device in the “Mode” control and HS Packet Parameters in the
“Test” control of the USB Test Wizard.
2. Attach the host port to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture.
3. Attach the high-speed device (for host or device testing) or the hub under test (for hub
tests) to the test port.
Fixture connections for high-speed packet parameters. The host computer connects to the INIT port
(red circle) and the device or hub is attached to the test cable (blue circle)
4. Follow the instructions in the USB Test Wizard menu to acquire the waveform. The
captured trace should look like the image below. The burst in the center of the upper
display contains three packets. This test measures the sync field and EOP width of the
center packet, and two time intervals between the three packets.
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Host high-speed packet parameters trace. The image shown is for a Host test, but the waveform will
look the same for Hub and Device tests as well.
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HIGH-SPEED CHIRP TIMING
A high-speed USB port must also be compatible with full-speed operation (12 Mb/s). High-speed
operation is detected using the K and J chirp sequences. Full-speed operation uses a higher
impedance load. When a HS capable host asserts a reset, a HS capable device must respond
with the Chirp K to signal HS support. The Host then responds with a Chirp J/K sequence to
signal HS support as well. This test measures the timing and voltages of the HS handshake. The
“SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture is used for chirp timing measurements.
Fixture connections for high-speed chirp timing. The host computer connects to the INIT port (red
circle) and the device or hub is attached to the test cable (blue circle)
Host High Speed Chirp Timing
1. Select Host in the “Mode” control and HS Chirp Timing in the “Test” control of the USB
Test Wizard.
2. Connect the host to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the fixture.
3. Follow the instructions in the wizard menu to acquire the chirp timing waveforms. Three
waveforms will be acquired, as shown below:
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Device and Hub High Speed Chirp Timing
1. Select Device or Hub in the “Mode” control and HS Chirp Timing in the “Test” control of
the USB Test Wizard.
2. Connect the host to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture.
3. Follow the instructions in the wizard menu to acquire the chirp timing waveform. The
chirp waveform should look like the image below:
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HIGH SPEED SUSPEND RESUME RESET TIMING
Host High Speed Suspend Resume Reset Timing
Fixture connections for suspend resume reset timing. The host computer connects to the INIT port
(red circle) and the device or hub is attached to the test cable (blue circle)
1. Select Host in the “Mode” control and HS Suspend Resume Reset in the USB Test
Wizard.
2. Connect the host to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” and the device or hub to the test port
of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture.
3. Follow the instructions on the screen to acquire the suspend and reset timing waveforms,
as pictured below:
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Device High Speed Suspend Resume Reset
The resume test measures the peak-to-peak voltage of the device after being reset to high-speed
operation. This voltage should be between 360 mV and 440 mV, which is the specified range from
the USB2.0 specification. Since this measurement is intended to verify that the high-speed mode
is entered, it is possible for a passing device to have a peak-to-peak voltage slightly outside this
range.
1. Select Device in the “Mode” control and HS Suspend Resume Reset in the “Test”
control of the USB Test Wizard.
2. Connect the host port to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture and
the device to the test port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture.
3. Follow the instructions in the USB Test Wizard to acquire traces for suspend, resume,
reset; and reset from suspend functions. The traces should look like the images below:
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Hub High Speed Suspend Resume Reset Timing
The resume test measures the peak-to-peak voltage of the hub after being reset to high-speed
operation. This voltage should be between 360 mV and 440 mV, which is the specified range from
the USB2.0 specification. Since this measurement is intended to verify that the high-speed mode
is entered, it is possible for a passing hub to have a peak-to-peak voltage slightly outside this
range.
1. Select Hub in the “Mode” control and HS Suspend Resume Reset in the “Test“ control.
2. Connect the host to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture, and the
upstream port of the hub under test to the test port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test
Fixture.
3. Follow the instructions in the USB Test Wizard to acquire traces for suspend, resume,
reset; and reset from suspend functions. The traces should look like the images below:
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HOST AND HUB DISCONNECT
Host Disconnect Section of Test Fixture
1. Select Host or Hub in the “Mode” control and HS Disconnect in the “Test” control of the
USB Test Wizard.
2. Attach the “Disconnect” INIT cable of the test fixture to the host port under test. Set
switches S1 and S2 in the “Disconnect” section away from the Test and Low positions.
3. Follow the instructions in the USB Test Wizard to acquire and measure the disconnect
voltages. The “disconnect detected” message is read from the USB-IF HS Electrical Test
Tool dialog box. The traces for normal and disconnect should appear as shown in the
images below.
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Initial voltage before disconnect (host trace shown above). The same trace applies to hub
downstream ports.
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Voltage after disconnect (host trace shown above). The same trace applies to hub downstream
ports.
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HUB HIGH SPEED UPSTREAM REPEATER
To hub downstream port
To hub upstream port
To certified high speed
device
To host computer
Hub and Device Fixture Connections for Upstream Repeater Test
1. Select Hub in the “Mode” control and HS Upstream Repeater in the “Test” control of the
USB Test Wizard.
2. Connect the host to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture and the
upstream facing port of the hub to the test port of the “SQ Device” section of the fixture.
3. Connect a downstream port from the hub to the A cable of the “Trigger” section of the
Test Fixture.
4. Connect a certified high-speed device to the INIT connector (J27) of the “Trigger” section
of the Test Fixture.
5. Follow the instructions in the USB Test Wizard to acquire the waveforms shown below.
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Initial signal acquisition for hub upstream repeater test. The larger pulse is the upstream signal from
the hub.
Sync field distortion. The two zoom traces are adjusted using the front panel Zoom controls so that
their end of packet pulses (the wide negative pulse on the far right) are overlaid and placed at the
very right edge of the display.
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The width difference between the input and output EOP is measured using the Width@lvl parameter.
This measurement can be affected by DC offset in the differential probe. Autozero the probes prior
to performing this test. The test requires a positive EOP; push the “single trigger” button until the
displayed trace has a positive-going EOP, as shown in the figure.
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HUB HIGH SPEED DOWNSTREAM REPEATER
To hub downstream port
To hub upstream port
To host computer
To certified high speed
device
1. Select Hub in the “Mode” control and HS Downstream Repeater in the “Test” control in
the USB Test Wizard.
2. Connect the host to the INIT port of the “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture, and the
upstream facing port of the hub to the test port of the “SQ Device” section of the fixture.
3. Connect a downstream port from the hub to the A cable of the “Trigger” section of the
Test Fixture.
4. Connect a certified high-speed device to the INIT connector of the “Trigger” section of the
fixture.
5. Follow the instructions in the USB Test Wizard to acquire the waveforms shown below.
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Hub downstream repeater delay: the measured time delay between the input and output sync fields
should be less than 36 bits plus 4 ns (< 79 ns). The 4 ns is added to account for the delay through
the fixture.
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Sync bit truncation. The USB 2.0 specification allows the sync field at the output of a hub to be up to
4 bits shorter than the input.
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RECEIVER SENSITIVITY
The receiver sensitivity is measured for devices and the upstream ports of hubs. Receiver
sensitivity is measured by applying a signal from a data generator to the input of the device or
hub and observing the response of the device or hub. The data generator is set up to transmit IN
packets which will be acknowledged by the device or hub. The sensitivity is determined by
reducing the level of the signal from the data generator and observing when the DUT no longer
responds.
1. Make sure the TEST/INIT switch on the Test Fixture is in the INIT position. Start the
USB-IF HS Electrical Test Tool, select [Device] and then click [Test].
2. Connect the INIT port of the receiver sensitivity section of the fixture to a high-speed port
on the Test Bed Computer. Connect the test port of the receiver sensitivity section of the
Test Fixture to the device under test. Click the [Enumerate Bus] button once to force
enumeration of the newly connected device. The device under test should be
enumerated with the device’s VID shown together with the root port to which it is
connected.
3. Two sets of SMA cables are required, each with a 6 dB attenuator inserted. Connect the
6 dB attenuators to OUTPUT1 and OUTPUT2 of Agilent 81130A Pulse/Pattern Generator.
Connect OUTPUT 1 to SMA2, and OUTPUT 2 to SMA1 of the “Device - Receiver
Sensitivity” section of the Test Fixture, using the SMA cables.
On the 81130A, select the [MEMCARD] softkey. If [MEMCARD] is not in the menu, press
the [MORE] key until [MEMCARD] is displayed. The content of the memory will appear
on the screen. Use the cursor and the rotary knob to select the [MIN_ADD1.STO] setup
file. Move the cursor to [Perform Operation] and turn the knob to select [Recall]. Then
press the [ENTER] key to load it. This generates “IN” packets (of compliant amplitude)
with a 12-bit SYNC field.
3a Alternate setup for Tektronix DG2040: Two sets of SMA cables are required, each with a
6 dB attenuator inserted. Connect the 6 dB attenuators to CH1 and CH0 of the DG2040
Data Generator. Connect CH1 to SMA1, and CH2 to SMA2 of the “Device - Receiver
Sensitivity” section of the Test Fixture using the SMA cables.
On the DG2040, select the EDIT menu. Then press [Load Data & Setup] from the File
function. The content of the floppy disk will appear on the screen. Use the jog dial to
select the MIN-ADD1.PDA setup file. Press [OK] to load it. This generates IN packets (of
compliant amplitude) with a 12-bit sync field. Start the data generator with the Start/Stop
button.
4. Connect the differential probe from channel 1 of the oscilloscope to J12 of the “DeviceReceiver Sensitivity” section of the Test Fixture. Recall the HSRcvrSensitivity.lss panel
file on the oscilloscope, using the File Æ Recall Setup menu. Use the Browse button in
the “Recall Panel From File” control to select the file from the
D:\Applications\USB2\Setups directory. Press the Recall Now button to select this setup
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file.
5. From the HS Electrical Test Tool - Device Command menu, select [TEST_SE0_NAK]
from the Device Command drop down menu. Click [EXECUTE] once to place the device
into TEST_SE0_NAK test mode.
6. Place the Test Fixture Test switch (S1) in the Test position. This switches in the data
generator in place of the host controller. The data generator emulates the “IN” packets
from the host controller.
7. Verify that all packets from the data generator are NAKed by the port under test. Adjust
the horizontal scale so several packets can be viewed on the oscilloscope display.
Record the Pass/Fail in EL_18.
8. On the data generator select [MEMCARD] softkey. If [MEMCARD] is not in the menu,
press [MORE] key until [MEMCARD] is displayed. The content of the memory will appear
on the screen. Use the cursor and the rotary knob to select the IN_ADD1.STO setup file.
Move the cursor to [Perform Operation] and turn the knob to select [Recall]. Then press
the [ENTER] key to load it.
8a For Tektronix DG2040: On the data generator, select the Edit menu, then press Load
Data & Setup from the File function. The content of the floppy disk will appear on the
screen. Use the jog dial to select the ADD1.PDA setup file. Press OK to load it.
9. Verify that all packets are NAKed while signaling is at this amplitude.
10. Adjust the output level of each channel as follows:
Select the [LEVELS] softkey. If [LEVELS] is not in the menu, press [MORE] key until
[LEVELS] is displayed. Then move the cursor to the numeric value for [High] voltage
value. Adjust the output level with the rotary knob, or by using the number keys while
monitoring the actual level on the oscilloscope. Use the cursor arrow buttons to select the
channel to change.
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Reduce the amplitude of the data generator packets in 20 mV steps (on the generator
before the attenuator) while monitoring the NAK response from the device on the
oscilloscope. The adjustment should be made to both channels such that OUTPUT1 and
OUTPUT2 are matched, as indicated by the data generator readout. Reduce the
amplitude until the NAK packet begins to become intermittent. At this point, increase the
amplitude such that the NAK packet is not intermittent. This is just above the minimum
receiver sensitivity levels before squelch.
10a. Tektronix DG2040: Select the Setup menu. Then press High from the Level Condition
function. Adjustment of the output level is best done with the keypad in 50 mV while
monitoring the actual level on the oscilloscope. Use the Up and Down arrow buttons to
select the channel to change.
Tektronix DG2040: Reduce the signal amplitude in 50 mV steps (before the attenuator)
while monitoring the NAK response on the oscilloscope. The adjustment should be made
on both channels such that CH0 and CH1 are matched, as indicated by the data
generator readout. Reduce the amplitude until the NAK packet begins to become
intermittent. At this point, increase the amplitude such that the NAK packet is not
intermittent. This is just above the minimum receiver sensitivity level before squelch.
11. Measure the zero-to-positive peak of the packet from the data generator using the
cursors in the lower (zoom) window of the oscilloscope display, as shown in the figure
below. Use the upper cursor position knob to position cursor 1 on the zero level of the
waveform and the lower cursor control knob to position cursor 2 on the positive peak of
the waveform. The cursor should be positioned on the plateaus of the wider pulses to
avoid inflating the reading due to overshoots. The difference voltage is indicated in the
“zoom(C1)” waveform box at the lower left corner of the oscilloscope screen. Record this
value in EL_17.
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Zero-to-Positive Peak Measurement on Data Generator Packet
12. Move cursor 2 to the negative peak of the waveform in the lower window of the
oscilloscope screen, using the lower cursor control knob again, and position the cursor on
the wider plateaus to avoid overshoots. Read the difference voltage in the waveform
information box at the bottom left of the oscilloscope display. Record this value in EL_17.
The receiver must continue to NAK packets above +/- 150 mV to pass the test. Record
Pass/Fail in EL_17.
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Zero-to-Negative Peak Measurement on Data Generator Packet
13. Now further reduce the amplitude of the packet from the data generator in small steps,
still maintaining balance between the outputs until the receiver just ceases to respond
with NAK. This is the squelch level of the receiver.
14. Measure the Zero-to-Positive Peak and Negative Peak of the packet from the data
generator, using the method described in steps 12 and 13. Record the measurement in
EL_16. As long as the receiver ceases to NAK the data generator packet below
+/- 100 mV, it is considered to have passed the test. Record PASS/FAIL in EL_16.
Note: With certain devices, making an accurate zero-to-peak measurement of the IN packet from the data generator may
be difficult due to excessive reflection artifacts. Also, on devices with captive cable, the measured zero-to-peak
amplitudes of the IN packet at the test fixture could be considerably higher than that seen by the device receiver. In these
situations, it is advisable to make the measurement near the device receiver pins on the PCB.
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FULL AND LOW SPEED TESTS
All HS-capable devices, hosts, and hubs must support full (12 Mb/s) speed data rates.
Compliance testing requires that this rate be tested, as well as the high-speed (480 Mb/s) rate.
Full-speed compliance requires both interoperability and electrical tests. The LeCroy USB 2.0 test
solution addresses the electrical test requirements for full-speed operation. These tests include
signal quality, inrush current, and droop/drop. The package also supports low-speed electrical
tests, which apply only to hub/host downstream ports and low-speed devices. The following
sections provide detailed descriptions of the full- and low-speed electrical tests for hosts, hubs
and devices.
Equipment requirements
Standard USB products
Refer to the “USB-IF Full and Low Speed Electrical and Interoperability Compliance Test Procedure”
available at www.usb.org for a current list of standard USB products recommended for use in FS/LS
electrical testing and interoperability testing. Due to limited product lifetimes the approved products for
testing change periodically so it is important to obtain the latest equipment lists periodically.
The following list of standard equipment is required for performing low- and full-speed electrical
tests:
Item
Quantity
1
100 mA load board (for bus powered hubs only)
1*
2
500 mA load board
1*
3
Droop test board
1
4
SQiDD board
1
5
Full-speed hub (self powered)
5
6
High-speed hub (self powered)
1
7
5 m USB cables
6
* Additional load boards may be required depending on the number of downstream ports on the product. The test fixture
only provides enough loads to test 4 port hubs/hosts.
The first 5 items in the above list are contained within the LeCroy Test Fixture. The figure below
shows the sections of the fixture that are used for these tests.
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SIGNAL
QUALITY
FIXTURES
(SQIDD)
100 AND 500
mA LOADS
CURRENT LOOP
FOR INRUSH
TESTS
DROOP
TEST
FS/LS Signal Quality Test Fixture Sections
Standard Test Equipment
Item
Oscilloscope
Description/Model
WaveMaster 8300/8500/8600,
SDA6000/5000/3000,
WavePro7300/7200,
WaveRunner 6200
Qty
1
Active probes
HFP2500
2
Active probe
HFP1000
1
Current probe
CP015
1
Multimeter
Keithley 2000 multimeter or
equivalent
1
Hardware configuration
USB host
system*
(certain LeCroy
oscilloscopes
can perform this
function. See
“Installation”
section.)
Intel D865GLC MATX Motherboard,
Intel P4 HT CPU
512 MB DDR333, (2) 120 GB
UATA/100 HD w/ 8 MB cache,
1
16x DVD-ROM Drive, 1.44 MB
Floppy Drive,
IOGEAR GIC250U USB OHCI Host
PCI Adapter
* Visit www.usb.org for updated equipment recommendations.
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Hub and Host Drop Test
NOTE: The drop test is performed using a voltmeter and the test fixture alone. The oscilloscope is not used for this test.
The drop test is not contained in the USB Test Wizard.
Set up the voltmeter to measure the voltage drop across the loads, as shown in the figure below.
Attach the output ports of the hub or host to the four loads on the Test Fixture. Make sure the
three position switches on each load are in the center (off) position.
Note: The Upstream Port (‘B’ Plug) of the Test Fixture is only required when testing Bus-powered Hubs.
Drop test equipment set up
100 And 500 mA
LOADS
CONNECT TO
HUB
DOWNSTREAM
PORT
VBUS PROBING PINS
CONNECT TO
LOAD
SQiDD Board Connections
Self-powered Hubs or Hosts
1. Switch the loads to the 500 mA position one at a time and verify that the voltage is
between 4.75 and 5.25 V.
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2. Repeat as necessary for all ports of the hub or host.
VDROP = VNL - VLOADED
where
VNL = VBUS at a downstream USB connector with USB ports open circuited (no
load)
and
VLOADED = VBUS at a downstream USB connector with 100 or 500 mA loads, as
appropriate, on all USB ports
Bus-powered Hubs
1. Switch the loads to the 100 mA position one at a time and verify that the voltage is above
4.4 V.
2. Repeat as necessary for all ports of the hub.
VDROP = VUPSTREAM – VDOWNSTREAM
where
VUPSTREAM = VBUS at a hub’s upstream connection
and
VDOWNSTREAM = VBUS at one of the hub’s downstream ports
Test Criteria
Section 7.2.2 of the USB 2.0 specification requires self-powered downstream USB ports to
provide a VBUS between 4.75 and 5.25 V while bus-powered hubs must maintain VBUS at 4.40 V or
greater. Drop testing evaluates VBUS under both no-load and full-load (100 or 500 mA, as
appropriate) conditions. Self-powered hubs, systems, and laptops must provide a voltage
between 4.75 and 5.25 V under all load conditions. Bus-powered hubs must have a VDROP
<= 100 mV between their upstream and downstream ports when 100 mA loads are present on all
downstream ports. This ensures that they will supply 4.4 V to a downstream device, given a
4.75 V upstream supply, minus 100 mV drop through the hub and 250 mV drop through the
upstream cable. If the hub does not use a captive cable (the USB cable has a B plug), the voltage
drop is the difference between the measured upstream voltage level and the lowest measured
downstream value. Bus-powered hubs with captive cables (the USB cable does not have a B
plug) must have VDROP less than or equal to 350 mV between the upstream connector and their
downstream ports; this includes the drop through the cable. Special consideration will be made
for laptops that are unable to provide compliant voltages with 500 mA loads while running on
battery power, provided they can meet the required voltages with one or more of the loads
reduced to 100 mA. However, the end user may experience confusion and difficulty in this
situation, unless the operating system or laptop vendor provides a warning message window
alerting the user that a high-power device cannot be used under battery power.
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Droop test
Equipment setup:
Droop Test Equipment Setup
HUB DOWNSTREAM PORT 2
HUB DOWNSTREAM PORT 1
OSCILLOSCOPE CHANNEL 2
OSCILLOSCOPE CHANNEL 3
CONNECT TO LOAD 2 VIA
A 1M (3 FT.) CABLE
Device and scope connections for droop test. Loads 1, 3, and 4 are connected to the remaining
downstream ports
Test Steps
1. Select Host or Hub in the “Mode” control and Droop in the “Test” control of the USB
Test Wizard. Follow the instructions in the test wizard to acquire the droop waveform
shown below.
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Droop voltage waveform. Note that the waveform indicates a positive voltage pulse even though the
droop is in the negative direction
2. Connect port 1 of the hub or host under test to the droop connection (J1) of the Test
Fixture (droop event port). Connect port 2 (port under test) of the hub or host under
test to the “Trigger” section dongle of the Test Fixture (B cable). Connect J27 of the
“Trigger” section to load 2 (J7) of the fixture using a 1 meter (3 ft.) USB cable. Connect
the remaining load ports of the Test Fixture to the hub or host under test using 1 meter
(3 ft.) USB cables. All hub/host ports should have a load attached. Make sure all of the
switches are in the center (OFF) position.
3. Connect channel 2 of the oscilloscope to J3 in the droop section of the fixture.
Connect channel 3 of the oscilloscope to J28 in the “Trigger” section of the fixture.
4. Switch all test loads to the appropriate current level as indicated in the table in the
“Test Results” section below.
Test Criteria
Section 7.2.4.1 of the USB 1.1 specification allows a maximum droop of 330 mV in the VBUS
supplied to a USB port when a device is hot plugged into another port. Droop testing evaluates
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worst-case droop by applying a 100 mA load and 10 µF of capacitance, which switches on and off
to one of the adjacent available ports when all other ports are supplying the maximum load
possible. All VBUS measurements are relative to local ground.
Test Results
Bus-powered
Hub
Load type
100 mA
Self-powered
Hub/System
500 mA
Laptop
Battery powered
Self powered
__100__500 mA
500 mA
VNL
VLOADED
VUPSTREAM
VDOWNSTREAM
VDROP
VDROOP
Less than
330 mV
Reporting Results
No Load Voltage: passing values are from 4.75 to 5.25 V
Loaded Voltage: passing values are from 4.75 to 5.25 V
Upstream Voltage: passing values are from 4.40 to 5.25 V
Downstream Voltage: passing values are from 4.75 to 5.25 V
Voltage Drop:
Droop Voltage:
Host Low Speed Downstream Signal Quality
1. Set up the equipment as shown in the following figure.
2. Select Host in the “Mode” control and LS Downstream Signal Quality in the “Test”
control of the USB Test Wizard.
3. Use the “Inrush” or “SQ Device” section of the Test Fixture as the SQiDD in the figure
below. Make sure that the TEST/INIT switch is in the INIT position and the switch in the
Inrush section is in the ON position. The best method to capture and analyze low-speed
downstream signal quality is to capture both a keep-alive (low-speed EOP) and a packet.
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The root hub is required to either generate a keep-alive or send low-speed traffic once
per frame whenever a low-speed device is directly attached. To capture downstream
traffic with low-speed devices, a trigger on the rising edge of D- is used.
Host Low Speed Downstream Signal Quality Test Equipment Setup
Note: The USB-IF high-speed electrical test tool is not used for this test and should not be running
4. Press the single acquisition button on the oscilloscope until a full packet is displayed on
the screen. The full packet may consist of the “keep alive” and a data packet, or could be
just a data packet and should fill most of the scope screen. Use the cursors to select the
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downstream portion of the data packet as shown in the figure below. The cursors are set
to 1 UI before the first bit in the sync field on the left and 1 UI after the end of the EOP on
the right.
5. Press the Next button in the USB Test Wizard once the proper packet is captured. The
MATLAB analysis script will be executed and the signal quality eye pattern will be
displayed.
Cursor Positioning for Host Low Speed Signal Quality Test
Host Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality
1. Connect the system as shown in the figure below.
2. Select Host and FS Downstream Signal Quality in the USB Test Wizard on the scope.
3. Plug a full-speed device into hub number 5 and verify that it enumerates. If the device
fails to enumerate, this could be due to low receiver sensitivity. Remove hub 5 and hub 4
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and repeat the enumeration. The tier control in the USB Test Wizard should be set to 6
when all hubs in the chain are being used. This number must be reduced by the number
of hubs that must be removed to achieve enumeration.
Note: The USB-IF high-speed electrical test tool is not used for this test and should not be running
4. Follow the steps in the USB Test Wizard on the instrument display to capture the
appropriate waveform. It may be necessary to repeat the acquisition in order to capture a
full screen of data. Use the cursors to select the downstream portion of the data packet,
as shown in the figure below. The cursors are set to 1 UI before the first bit in the sync
field on the left and 1 UI after the end of the EOP on the right. The software will generate
an HTML report on the signal quality.
Host Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality Test Equipment Setup
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Cursor Positioning For Host Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality
Inrush current
Inrush current is generated by devices when they are connected to a hub or host. Self-powered
devices should have negligible inrush current so this test will normally not indicate any inrush
current for this type of device. Inrush is measured using the “Inrush” section of the test fixture.
The arrow on the current probe must point in the same direction as the arrow on the Test Fixture.
The current probe (LeCroy CP015 or equivalent) is attached to channel 4 of the oscilloscope The
oscilloscope is set to trigger on the rising edge of the current pulse measured on channel 4. In
order to avoid problems associated with switch bounce, the inrush measurement is initiated by
plugging the device under test into the Inrush section of the Test Fixture. The sequence of
operations is
1. Move the switch in the “Inrush” section from the [ON] position to the [Discharge]
position.
2. Unplug the device under test.
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3. Move the switch back to the [ON] position; the scope may trigger and capture a
waveform
4. Plug the device under test into the “Inrush” port; the scope will trigger again and capture
a current waveform as shown below:
P1 Gate Cursor Positioning around Inrush Current Pulse
5. If the waveform’s vertical amplitude is too small or too large (off the screen), adjust the
vertical scale of channel 4 and repeat steps 1 through 4 above. The inrush current should
be a continuous curve similar to the one shown above. Repeat steps 1 through 4 above
until a good current trace is captured.
The inrush current must include only the current associated with the initial device plug-in
event and not the steady state current. Parameter gate cursors are used for this purpose.
If the cursors do not appear on the screen (dashed lines), touch the “P1” readout at the
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bottom of the oscilloscope grid or click this area with a mouse. The cursors are adjusted
using the “cursor” knobs on the oscilloscope’s front panel.
The inrush test integrates the current trace to obtain a total charge, and the USB
specification requires that the total charge be less than 50 µC.
6. Place the cursors around the main current pulse, as shown above. It is important to avoid
including too much of the steady state current (to the right of the pulse). In some cases,
the device may have some smaller pulses after the main inrush pulse. In this case,
pulses farther than 50 ms after the main current pulse should not be included in the
measurement. The measurement, along with an image of the current trace are saved as
part of the test record.
Hub Down Stream Low Speed Signal Quality
1. Set up the equipment as shown below. The hub is tested at tier 5 (at the end of a chain of
four hubs). The first hub in the chain must be a USB 2.0 hub. The chain of hubs is
intended to test the receiver sensitivity of the hub.
2. Start the USB High Speed Test Tool, select [Device] and then press [Test]. Press
[Enumerate Bus] and verify that the hub under test appears in the “Select Device”
window.
3. A low-speed device (mouse) is connected between a downstream port of the hub under
test through the “Inrush” section of the Test Fixture. Make sure the Inrush switch is in the
[ON] position.
4. Select Hub in the mode control and LS Downstream Signal Quality in the test control of
the USB Test Wizard. The trigger will be set up to acquire a waveform on the scope on
the rising edge of the D- line in Single trigger mode.
5. Press the SINGLE trigger button on the scope until a full packet is captured on the screen.
Use the cursors to select the downstream portion of the data packet as shown in the
figure below. The cursors are set to 1 UI before the first bit in the sync field on the left and
1 UI after the end of the EOP on the right.
6. Press Next in the USB Test Wizard to process the waveform. MATLAB will generate an
eye pattern and waveform file and an HTML signal quality report. These files will be
stored in the D:\Applications\USB2\Results directory.
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TO HUB
UNDER TEST
TO TEST DEVICE
(MOUSE)
Hub Low Speed Downstream Signal Quality Setup
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Hub Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality
1. Set up the equipment as shown below. The hub is tested at tier 5 (at the end of a chain of
4 FS hubs). The first hub in the chain is a USB 2.0 hub. The chain of hubs is intended to
test the receiver sensitivity of the hub.
Hub Full Speed Downstream Signal Quality Test Setup
2. Start the USB High Speed Test Tool, select [Device] and then press [Test].
3. Press [enumerate bus] and verify that the hub under test appears in the “Select Device”
window.
4. A full-speed device is connected to the downstream port of the hub under test through the
“Inrush” section of the Test Fixture. Make sure the Inrush switch is in the [ON] position.
5. Select Hub in the mode control and FS Downstream Signal Quality in the test control of
the USB Test Wizard. The trigger will be set up to acquire a waveform on the scope on
the rising edge of the D+ line in the single trigger mode.
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6. Press the SINGLE trigger front panel button on the scope until a full packet is captured on
the screen. Use the cursors to select the downstream portion of the data packet, as
shown in the figure below. The cursors are set to 1 UI before the first bit in the sync field
on the left and 1 UI after the end of the EOP on the right.
7. Press Next in the USB Test Wizard to process the waveform. MATLAB will generate an
eye pattern and waveform file and an HTML signal quality report. These files will be
stored in the D:\Applications\USB2\Results directory.
Cursor Placement For Hub Downstream Signal Quality Test
Device and Hub Full Speed Upstream Signal Quality Test
Upstream signal quality is tested for both hubs and devices and at both full and low speeds. USB
2.0 devices require only the full-speed mode to be tested. The setup below is used in all cases.
The device or hub under test is connected to the last hub in the chain through the “Inrush” section
of the Test Fixture. A second device is connected to the hub through the “Trigger” section of the
Test Fixture. The second device must be a low-speed device for low-speed testing or a full-speed
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device for full-speed testing. The chain of hubs is intended to test the receiver sensitivity of the
hub or device.
Upstream Signal Quality Test Equipment Setup
1. Start the USB High Speed Test Tool, select [Device] and then press [Test].
2. Press [enumerate bus] and verify that the hub or device under test appears in the
“Select Device” window. If the hub or device under test fails to enumerate, remove full
speed hubs one at a time from the end of the chain until it does. The number of hubs
between the host and the device under test plus one is the tier at which the enumeration
takes place.
3. Select the device or hub under test from the list in the “Select Device” window of the USB
High Speed Test Tool and select [loop device descriptor] in the “Device Command”
control.
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4. In the USB Test Wizard, select the appropriate mode (Hub or Device) and the
appropriate test (FS or LS Upstream Signal Quality). The trigger will be set to the D+
pin in the “Trigger” section for testing full-speed devices or to the D- pin for low-speed
devices. The trigger mode will be set to single.
5. Press the SINGLE trigger front panel button until a complete packet is captured. The
waveform will consist of both downstream and upstream data. The upstream portion
corresponds to the part of the differential signal (channels 2 and 3) after the last bit in the
trigger channel (channel 1). Use the cursors to select the downstream portion of the data
packet, as shown in the figure below. The cursors are set to 1 UI before the first bit in the
sync field on the left and 1 UI after the end of the EOP on the right.
Isolation of Upstream Data Packet
6. Press Next in the USB Test Wizard to process the waveform. MATLAB will generate an
eye pattern and waveform file and an HTML signal quality report. These files will be
stored in the D:\Applications\USB2\Results directory.
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