Deployment Guide for Websense Web Security and Websense Web

Deployment Guide
We bsense ® We b S ecuri ty
Web s ense ® Web Fi lt er
v7.1
©1996–2009, Websense, Inc.
All rights reserved.
10240 Sorrento Valley Rd., San Diego, CA 92121, USA
Published 2009
Printed in the United States of America and Ireland
The products and/or methods of use described in this document are covered by U.S. Patent Numbers 6,606,659 and 6,947,985 and other patents
pending.
This document may not, in whole or in part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machinereadable form without prior consent in writing from Websense Inc.
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this manual. However, Websense Inc., makes no warranties with respect to this
documentation and disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Websense Inc. shall not be liable for
any error or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this manual or the examples herein.
The information in this documentation is subject to change without notice.
Trademarks
Websense and Websense Enterprise are registered trademarks of Websense, Inc. in the United States and certain international markets. Websense
has numerous other unregistered trademarks in the United States and internationally. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Windows Server, Internet Explorer, and Active Directory are either registered trademarks or trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Sun, Sun Java System, Sun ONE, and all Sun Java System based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc., in the United States and other countries.
Mozilla and Firefox are registered trademarks of the Mozilla Foundation in the United States and/or other countries.
eDirectory and Novell Directory Services are a registered trademarks of Novell, Inc., in the United States and other countries.
Adobe, Acrobat, and Acrobat Reader are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or
other countries.
Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
Red Hat is a registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds, in the United
States and other countries.
Citrix, Citrix Presentation Server, and MetaFrame are trademarks or registered trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. and/or one or more of its
subsidiaries, and may be registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries.
Cisco, Cisco Systems, Cisco PIX Firewall, Cisco IOS, Cisco Routers, and Cisco Content Engine are registered trademarks or trademarks of Cisco
Systems, Inc., in the United States and certain other countries.
Check Point, OPSEC, FireWall-1, VPN-1, SmartDashboard, and SmartCenter are trademarks or registered trademarks of Check Point Software
Technologies Ltd. or its affiliates.
Inktomi, the Inktomi logo, and Inktomi Traffic Server are registered trademarks of Inktomi Corporation.
Network Appliance is a trademark and NetCache is a registered trademark of Network Appliance, Inc., in the U.S. and other countries.
This product includes software distributed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org).
Copyright (c) 2000. The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved.
Other product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies and are the sole property
of their respective manufacturers.
Contents
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Chapter 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Websense Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Reporting Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Chapter 2
General Deployment Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Operating system requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VMware support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deployment configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Component limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Component suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Agent suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of Filtering Services allowed per Policy Server . . . . . . . . .
Required external resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supported directory services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deploying transparent identification agents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Combining transparent identification agents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maximizing system performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HTTP reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Database Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Log Database disk space recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stand-Alone Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote Filtering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supported integrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 3
18
25
25
26
26
27
28
28
29
29
31
31
32
33
34
35
35
36
37
40
43
45
Deploying Network Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Network Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Network Agent settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Network Agent location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Deployment Guide
3
Contents
Single-segment network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multiple-segment network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deploying multiple Network Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Central Network Agent placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distributed Network Agent placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hub configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switched networks with a single Network Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switched networks with multiple Network Agents. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gateway configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using multiple NICs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NAT and Network Agent deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4
50
51
51
52
53
54
55
58
59
61
62
Integration Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Websense Content Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cisco deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cisco Content Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cisco IOS Routers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Simple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distributed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft ISA Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single Microsoft ISA Server configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Array configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Squid Web Proxy Cache deployment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single Squid Web Proxy Cache configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Array configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NetCache integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Citrix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
66
67
68
69
69
70
71
72
74
76
76
78
80
81
82
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
4
Websense
Web Security and Websense Web Filter
List of Figures
Figure 1, Example of Remote Filtering Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Figure 2, Websense software in a single-segment network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Figure 3, Websense software in a multiple-segment network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Figure 4, Multiple Network Agents in a multiple-segment network . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 5, Network Agent connected to a hub . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Figure 6, Simple deployment in a switched environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Figure 7, Multiple subnets in a switched environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Figure 8, Switched environment with a remote office connection . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Figure 9, Multiple Network Agents in a switched environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Figure 10, Network Agent installed on the gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Figure 11, Network Agent deployed with Websense Content Gateway . . . . . . . 60
Figure 12, Dual NIC configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Figure 13, Integration with Websense Content Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Figure 14, Common Windows Network Configuration for
Cisco PIX Firewall or ASA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Figure 15, Common Windows network configuration for Cisco Content Engine 67
Figure 16, Common Windows network configuration for Cisco IOS Routers . . 68
Figure 17, Simple network configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Figure 18, Multiple-Segment network configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Figure 19, Filtering components installed with Microsoft ISA Server. . . . . . . . . 72
Figure 20, Filtering components installed separately from Microsoft ISA Server73
Figure 21, Microsoft ISA Server array configuration #1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Figure 22, Microsoft ISA Server array configuration #2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Figure 23, Filtering components installed with Squid Web Proxy Cache . . . . . . 76
Figure 24, Filtering components and Squid Web Proxy Cache
on separate machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Figure 25, Squid Web Proxy Cache array configuration #1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Figure 26, Squid Web Proxy Cache array configuration #2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Figure 27, Common network configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Figure 28, Common network configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Figure 29, Citrix integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Deployment Guide
5
List of Figures
6
Websense
Web Security and Websense Web Filter
List of Tables
Table 1,
Table 2,
Table 3,
Table 4,
Table 5,
Table 6,
Table 7,
Table 8,
Table 9,
Websense Components ...........................................................................11
Reporting Components ...........................................................................14
Components and Required Software ......................................................18
Operating Systems ..................................................................................24
Distributed Layout ..................................................................................27
Deploying Multiple Transparent ID Agents ...........................................33
Stand-Alone System Recommendations.................................................41
Remote Filtering Server System Recommendations ..............................43
Supported Integrations............................................................................45
Deployment Guide
7
List of Tables
8
Websense
Web Security and Websense Web Filter
1
Introduction
Use this guide to plan your Websense software deployment before installation. The
guide provides an overview of how Websense software can be deployed in a network,
as well as operating system and hardware requirements.
This guide applies to Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter, Version 7.1.
References to Websense software or Websense Web Security include both products,
unless otherwise indicated.
Note
The technical papers and other documents mentioned in
this guide are available from the Documentation >
Planning, Installation, and Upgrade folder in the Websense
Knowledge Base (www.websense.com/docs).
Websense software consists of components that work together to monitor Internet
requests, log activity, apply Internet usage filters, and report on activity. Websense
components can be installed together on one machine, or distributed across multiple
machines. The appropriate deployment is determined by the network size and
configuration, Internet request volume, hardware available, and filtering needs.
This manual provides system recommendations to optimize Websense component
performance. Performance can also be improved by using more powerful machines
for resource-intensive components.
This chapter introduces the Websense filtering and reporting components. See also:

Chapter 2: General Deployment Recommendations—operating system
requirements for running Websense components, component limits, tips for
maximizing performance, plus recommendations for deploying transparent
identification agents, Remote Filtering, and the Stand-Alone Edition. Version
requirements are also included for various integrations.

Chapter 3: Deploying Network Agent—information for deploying across single
and multiple segment networks. Also provides Network Agent placement details;
settings; and relationship to hubs, switches, and gateways.

Chapter 4: Integration Deployment—overview of deploying Websense software
with firewalls, proxy servers, caching applications, network appliances, or other
integration products or devices.
Deployment Guide  9
Introduction
A series of supplements to this document provide deployment and hardware
recommendations based on network size:

Small network: 1 – 500 users, or 1 – 25 requests/second

Medium network: 500 – 2,500 users, or 25 – 125 requests/second

Large network: 2,500 – 10,000 users, or 125 – 500 requests/second

Enterprise network: 10,000 – 25,000 users, or 500 – 1250 requests/second

Very large enterprise network: 25,000+ users, or more than 1250 requests/second
Requests per second estimates are based on average usage with “medium”—neither
light nor heavy—Internet access needs.
Note
Deployment recommendations allow for some network
growth and an increase in Internet requests.
As your network reaches the upper limits of its size
classification (small, medium, and so on), review the
deployment documents to ensure an optimal system
configuration.
Deploying in a distributed environment is the topic of another supplement. A
distributed enterprise can have any number of remote offices/workers located within a
single region or across the globe. The challenge of a decentralized network is
providing consistent, cost-effective Internet content filtering across all remote
locations.
A deployment supplement is also included for Websense Content Gateway. The
gateway provides Web and proxy caching, dynamic classification of Web sites, Web
2.0 categorization, and an optional SSL manager. See the Websense Content Gateway
documentation for more information on this product.
Note
Please contact Websense Sales Engineering for assistance
in designing your Websense software deployment. A Sales
Engineer can help you optimize Websense component
deployment and understand the associated hardware needs.
10  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Introduction
Websense Components

Table 1 provides a brief description of the Websense filtering components. This
table groups the components into core (included in a standard deployment) and
optional.

Table 2, on page 14, provides a brief description of the Websense reporting
components.
Review these descriptions to better understand the interaction between components.
See Table 3, on page 18, and Table 4, on page 24, for information on the operating
system versions needed to run these components.
NOTE
Certain integrations include Websense plug-ins. These are
discussed in Table 9, on page 45.
Table 1 Websense Components
Component
Definition
Core Components
Policy Database
Stores global Websense software settings (configured in
Websense Manager) and policy information (including clients,
filters, and filter components)
 Is installed in the background together with Policy Broker
 Settings specific to a single Policy Server instance are stored
separately.
In multiple Policy Server environments, a single Policy
Database holds policy and general configuration data for
multiple Policy Servers.
Policy Broker
Manages requests from Websense components for policy and
general configuration information stored in the Policy Database
A deployment can have only 1 Policy Broker, which is bundled
with Policy Database.
Policy Server
Identifies and tracks the location and status of other
Websense components
 Logs event messages for Websense components
 Stores configuration information specific to a single Policy
Server instance
 Communicates configuration data to Filtering Service for
use in filtering Internet requests
Policy and most configuration settings are shared between
Policy Servers that share a Policy Database.
Policy Server is typically installed on the same machine as
Filtering Service. Large or distributed environments can include
multiple Policy Servers. Each Policy Server may communicate
with up to 10 Filtering Services.

Deployment Guide  11
Introduction
Table 1 Websense Components
Component
Definition
Filtering Service
Works with Network Agent or an integration product to provide
Internet filtering. When a user requests a site, Filtering Service
receives the request and determines which policy applies.
 Filtering Service must be running for Internet requests to be
filtered and logged.
 Each Filtering Service instance downloads its own copy of
the Websense Master Database.
Filtering Service is typically installed on the same machine as
Policy Server. Large or distributed environments may include
multiple Filtering Service instances, up to 10 per Policy Server.
Network Agent
Works with Filtering Service to enable protocol management,
bandwidth-based filtering, and reporting on bytes transferred
 In a stand-alone deployment, enables HTTP and non-HTTP
filtering
 In an integrated deployment, enables filtering for protocols
not managed by your integration product and provides
enhanced logging information
A deployment may have up to 4 Network Agents per Filtering
Service.
Master Database
Includes millions of Web sites, sorted into more than 90
categories and subcategories
 Contains more than 100 protocol definitions for use in
filtering protocols
Download the Websense Master Database to activate Internet
filtering, and make sure that the database is kept up to date. If the
Master Database is more than 2 weeks old, no filtering can
occur.
A copy of the Master Database is downloaded by each Filtering
Service instance.
Websense Manager
Serves as the configuration and management interface to
Websense software. A deployment can have only 1 Websense
Manager per Policy Broker.
Use Websense Manager to define and customize Internet access
policies, add or remove filtering clients, configure Websense
software components, and more.
In a Windows installation, Websense Manager also provides
reporting functionality.
Usage Monitor
Enables alerting based on Internet usage
Usage Monitor tracks URL category and protocol access, and
generates alert messages according to the alerting behavior you
have configured.
Alerts can be sent via email or on-screen display, or an SNMP
alert can be sent to an SNMP Trap Server.
A deployment can have only 1 Usage Monitor per Policy Server.

12  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Introduction
Table 1 Websense Components
Component
Definition
User Service
Communicates with an LDAP or NTLM-based directory service
to apply filtering policies based on users, groups, domains, and
organizational units
A deployment can have only 1 User Service per Policy Server.
The directory service is not a Websense product or component.
Optional Components
1
DC Agent



eDirectory Agent
2



Logon Agent
1
Works with Novell® eDirectory™ to transparently identify
users.
Gathers user logon session information from Novell
eDirectory, which authenticates users logging on to the
network.
Associates each authenticated user with an IP address, and
then works with User Service to supply the information to
Filtering Service.
Provides unsurpassed accuracy in transparent user
identification in Linux and Windows networks.
 Does not rely on a directory service or other intermediary
when capturing user logon sessions.
 Detects user logon sessions as they occur.
Logon Agent communicates with the logon application on client
machines to ensure that individual user logon sessions are
captured and processed directly by Websense software.

Logon Application
RADIUS Agent
Offers transparent user identification for users in a
Windows-based directory service.
Polls domain controllers in the network to transparently
identify users.
Communicates with User Service to provide up-to-date user
logon session information to Websense software for use in
filtering.
1
Remote Filtering Client
Runs from a logon script on a domain controller to capture logon
sessions as users log on to, or log off of, Windows domains in
the network. The application, LogonApp.exe, identifies the
user and sends the information to the Logon Agent.
Enables transparent identification of users who use a dial-up,
Virtual Private Network (VPN), Digital Subscriber Line (DSL),
or other remote connection to access the network.



Remote Filtering Server



Resides on client machines outside the network firewall.
Identifies the machines as clients to be filtered.
Communicates with Remote Filtering Server, installed
inside the organization’s firewall.
Allows filtering of clients outside a network firewall.
Acts as a proxy that accepts requests from Remote Filtering
Client and submits them for filtering.
Communicates with Filtering Service to provide Internet
access management of remote machines.
Deployment Guide  13
Introduction
Table 1 Websense Components
Component
Definition
Linking Service
Allows Websense Data Security Suite to access user information
and URL categorization details from Websense Web security
software.
Filter Plug-in


When installed with Filtering Service on a Microsoft ISA
Server, allows the ISA server to communicate with Filtering
Service
When installed on a Squid Web Proxy, allows the Squid
proxy to communicate with Filtering Service
1. Websense, Inc. supports certain combinations of transparent identification agents within the
same network, or on the same machine. For more information, see Deploying transparent
identification agents, page 32.
2. Running eDirectory Agent and DC Agent in the same deployment is not currently supported.
Reporting Components
All reporting components rely on the Websense filtering components. Install reporting
components after installing the filtering components.
The filtering components (including Filtering Service, Policy Server, and User
Service) must be running in order for complete log records to be generated.
Installation instructions for Websense reporting components can be found in the
Installation Guide. Consult the Websense Manager Help for information about using
Websense reporting tools.
Table 2 Reporting Components
Component
Definition
Database Components
Log Database
(requires a supported
database engine)
Stores Internet request data collected by Log Server for use by
Websense reporting tools
The database is created when Log Server is installed.
 In Windows environments, reporting components require
either Microsoft® SQL Server or MSDE. (MSDE can be
installed from the Websense Web site.)
Note that SQL Server Express is not supported, and that
MSDE is not supported on Windows 2008.

MySQL is required for Explorer for Linux.
14  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Introduction
Table 2 Reporting Components
Component
Definition
Log Server, or
Linux Log Server
Required for Websense reporting
Logs Internet request data, including:
 The request source
 The category or protocol associated with the request
 Whether the request was permitted or blocked
 Whether keyword blocking, file type blocking, quota
allocations, bandwidth levels, or password protection were
applied
Log Server can log to only one Log Database at a time, and only
one Log Server can be installed for each Policy Server.
Log Server must be installed on a Windows machine to enable
investigative and presentation reports, and Today and History
page charts, in Websense Manager.
Environments with a high volume of Internet activity should
place Log Server on a separate machine. Log Server processing
can consume considerable system resources.
Reporting applications
Websense Manager
When Websense Manager and Log Server are installed on
Windows machines, Websense Manager includes multiple,
graphical reporting options:
 Charts on the Today and History pages show current and
recent Internet activity.
 Investigative reports provide an interactive way to view
information in the Log Database.
 Presentation reports include a series of templates that you
can use to generate graphical reports.
Real-time reporting features are not available when Websense
Manager is installed on Linux.
Explorer for Linux
Generates a variety of easy-to-understand detail and summary
reports using data from the Log Database. Explorer for Linux
requires:
 Apache 2.0.50 (Web server; included in the installation
package)
 Firefox 2.x. or later (Web browser)
Deployment Guide  15
Introduction
16  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
2
General Deployment
Recommendations
Before deploying Websense software, ensure that your hardware and network
configuration meet the recommendations provided in this document. This chapter
focuses on:

Operating system requirements

VMware support

Component limits

Component suggestions

Required external resources

Deploying transparent identification agents

Maximizing system performance

Stand-Alone Edition

Remote Filtering

Supported integrations
See Websense Components, page 11, for descriptions of the Websense filtering and
reporting components. Note that Websense filtering is based on protocols (like HTTP
and FTP), not on the operating system of the computer being filtered.
Supplements to this document provide recommendations for deploying Websense
filtering and reporting software in networks of different sizes and in distributed
networks, and also for deploying Websense Content Gateway.
Note
Websense software supports only TCP/IP-based networks.
If your network uses both TCP/IP and non-IP based
network protocols, only users in the TCP/IP portion of the
network are filtered.
Deployment Guide  17
General Deployment Recommendations
Operating system requirements
The tables in this section list supported operating systems and required applications
for the Websense components.
Note
Websense components have been successfully tested on
the operating systems listed below. The components may
also run on subsequent versions of these operating
systems, but testing was not completed before publication.
Table 3 lists each component and its supported operating systems, along with other
software required to run the component. Table 4, on page 24, organizes the
requirements by operating system.
Important
If you install DC Agent, Logon Agent, or User Service on
Windows 2008, you must activate the Windows Computer
Browser service.
If you use Active Directory 2008 (native mode) to
authenticate users, you must activate the Windows
Computer Browser service on the machine running Active
Directory. DC Agent, Logon Agent, and User Service may
need to run as domain accounts with rights to access the
directory.
Table 9, on page 45, lists the supported integration versions.
Table 3 Components and Required Software
Component
Supported Operating Systems
Other Required Software
Note: Unless otherwise stated, only 32-bit versions of operating systems are supported.
DC Agent




Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
18  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
One of these directory
services:
 Windows Active
Directory®
 Windows NT Directory
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 3 Components and Required Software
Component
Supported Operating Systems
eDirectory
Agent






Explorer for
Linux
(Web server)


Filtering Service






Log Database
(Windows)

Log Database
(Linux)

Other Required Software
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
If Network Agent is used for
protocol filtering and User
Service is installed on a Linux
machine, Samba client
(v2.2.8a or later) is required on
the User Service machine to
allow Windows clients to
display protocol block
messages.
The Log Database is dependent on
the database engine (Microsoft
SQL Server or MSDE), and not the
operating system version.
When running Explorer for Linux,
the Log Database depends on
MySQL.



Novell eDirectory 8.51 or
later
NMAS authentication is
supported.
Recommend Novell Client
v4.83 or v4.9 (v4.81 and
later are supported)
Firefox 2 or 3
Apache HTTP Server
2.0.50 (included with the
Websense software
installation)
One of these must be installed:
Microsoft SQL Server 2005
SP2 or SP 3 (Workgroup,
Standard, Enterprise, or
64-bit edition)
(recommended)
 Microsoft SQL Server 2000
SP4
 MSDE 2000 SP4


MySQL 5.0
Deployment Guide  19
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 3 Components and Required Software
Component
Supported Operating Systems
Log Server
(Windows)




Log Server
(Linux)


Logon Agent






Other Required Software
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Internet Explorer 7
 Firefox 2 or 3
One of these databases:
 Microsoft SQL Server 2005
SP2 or SP 3 (Workgroup,
Standard, Enterprise, or
64-bit* edition)
(recommended)
 Microsoft SQL Server 2000
SP4
 MSDE 2000 SP4
(note: not supported on
Window Server 2008)
* If using 64-bit SQL Server,
Log Server must be installed
on a machine separate from
SQL Server because it does not
support 64-bit operating
systems.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
(32-bit edition only)
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
20  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter

MySQL 5.0
Can be used with:
Windows NT Directory
(NTLM)
 Windows Active Directory
(native or mixed mode)
 Other LDAP-based
directory services

General Deployment Recommendations
Table 3 Components and Required Software
Component
Supported Operating Systems
Logon
Application










Network Agent






Policy Broker






Other Required Software
Windows XP Professional, SP1 or
SP2
Windows Vista Ultimate
Windows Vista Business
Windows Vista Enterprise
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows 2000, SP3 or later
(Professional or Server)
Windows NT 4.0 SP 6a
(Workstation or Server)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Samba client (v2.2.8a or later)
is required on the machine
running User Service to enable
Windows clients to display
protocol block messages, if
Network Agent is used for
protocol filtering and User
Service is installed on a Linux
machine.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Deployment Guide  21
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 3 Components and Required Software
Component
Supported Operating Systems
Policy Server






RADIUS Agent





Remote
Filtering Client









Remote
Filtering Server





Other Required Software
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Policy Broker
Policy Database
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003 SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Most standard RADIUS
servers are supported.
The following servers have
been tested:
 Livingston (Lucent) 2.x
 Cistron RADIUS server
 Merit AAA
 Microsoft IAS
Windows XP Professional with
SP1, SP2, or SP3
Windows Vista Ultimate
Windows Vista Business
Windows Vista Enterprise
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows 2000 with SP3 or later
(Professional, Server, Advanced
Server)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
22  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 3 Components and Required Software
Component
Supported Operating Systems
Usage Monitor






User Service






Websense
Manager






Other Required Software
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)
Supports:
NTLM-based directory
services
 Active Directory
 Sun Java™ System
Directory Server, 4.2 and
5.2
 Novell Directory
Services®/eDirectory, 8.51
and later
Samba client (v2.2.8a or later)
is required to enable Windows
clients to display protocol
block messages, if Network
Agent is used for protocol
filtering and User Service is
installed on a Linux machine.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
Advanced Platform, base server,
Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: AS,
ES, and WS
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
(Standard or Enterprise)
Windows Server 2003
(Standard or Enterprise)





Internet Explorer 7 or
Firefox 2 or 3
Common Desktop
Environment (CDE)
Apache Tomcat 6.0.13
(installed automatically
with Websense Manager)
Adobe Flash Player 8 or
later
Deployment Guide  23
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 4 lists the operating systems on which the Websense components run.
Table 4 Operating Systems
Operating System
Component
Microsoft Windows (32-bit versions supported only)
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003, R2
Standard or Enterprise Editions
Windows Server 2003, SP1 or SP2
Standard and Enterprise Editions (SP1 is
required for Remote Filtering Server)
Windows Server 2003
Standard and Enterprise Editions
All Websense components:
 Log Database (Microsoft SQL Server or
MSDE database engine; note: MSDE is
not supported on Windows Server 2008)
 DC Agent
 eDirectory Agent
 Explorer
 Filtering Plug-in
 Filtering Service
 Linking Service
 Log Server
 Logon Agent
 Logon Application
 Network Agent
 Policy Broker
 Policy Server
 RADIUS Agent
 Remote Filtering Client
 Remote Filtering Server
 Reporter
 Usage Monitor
 User Service
 Websense Manager
Windows Vista Ultimate
Windows Vista Business
Windows Vista Enterprise


Logon Application
Remote Filtering Client
Windows XP Professional

Logon Application
Windows 2000 Professional, SP3 or later

Logon Application
Windows NT Server or Workstation, 4.0
SP 6a

Logon Application
24  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 4 Operating Systems
Operating System
Component
Linux (32-bit versions supported only)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5: Advanced
Platform, base server, Desktop
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 AS
(Advanced Server)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 ES
(Enterprise Server)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 WS
(Workstation)















Log Database (MySQL database engine)
eDirectory Agent
Explorer for Linux
Filtering Plug-in
Filtering Service
Logon Agent
Network Agent
Policy Broker
Policy Server
RADIUS Agent
Remote Filtering Server
Unix Log Server
Usage Monitor
User Service
Websense Manager
VMware support
Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter are supported on VMware ESX
Server. Installation, filtering, and reporting have been tested in a Windows 2003
Server environment, running on ESX Server versions 2.5.x and 3.x.
NOTE: Log Server and the Log Database are specifically not supported on VMware
except for demonstration purposes.
This section discusses:

Network considerations

System recommendations

Deployment configurations
Network considerations
Websense Network Agent requires that the network card (NIC) it uses for monitoring
be set to promiscuous mode to see network traffic. The VMware virtual NIC must be
configured for use by Network Agent.
To use bridged networking, each virtual machine must have its own IP address. In
addition, VMware requires that if a virtual machine is configured to include multiple
operating systems, each OS must have a unique network address, even if only one OS
runs at a time.
Deployment Guide  25
General Deployment Recommendations
Consult your VMware documentation for more configuration information.
IMPORTANT
Microsoft does not support running SQL Server or MSDE
on virtualization systems other than Microsoft’s.
To install Websense reporting components on a Windows
operating system, the database engine must be installed
and running on a separate machine.
To install Websense reporting components on a Linux
operating system, refer to the Websense Explorer for
UNIX Administrator’s Guide for system requirements.
System recommendations
The Deployment Guide supplements provide hard disk space and RAM
recommendations for Websense components in specific environments. The VMware
documentation provides recommendations for running VMware.
General recommendations for running Websense software on VMware include:

RAID for fault tolerance

Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor, 3.0 GHz or greater

8 GB of RAM

3 - 1 GB NICs are required; 4 - 1 GB NICs are recommended:

One NIC dedicated to the VMware management console

One NIC allocated for a virtual switch used to monitor traffic (stealth mode,
without an IP address)

One NIC allocated for a virtual switch used for communication between
Websense components

One NIC used by the VMware host system for other communication
These recommendations can vary with a higher volume of Internet requests.
No specific operating system is specified on which to run VMware, although testing
with Websense software was done on Windows Server 2003, SP2.
Deployment configurations
In VMware environments, Websense components can be installed on separate virtual
machines.
The following tables provide possible deployments for Websense software in a
distributed environment.
The recommendations in these tables are for small networks, with up to approximately
2000 users. Hardware needs and component location may vary depending on the
volume of Internet requests. For larger networks, more system resources or more
26  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
distribution of Websense components may be needed. For specific component
deployment recommendations, see the Deployment Guide supplements.
NOTE: Log Server and the Log Database are specifically not supported on VMware
except for demonstration purposes, where they might be installed with Websense
Manager.
Table 5 Distributed Layout
Virtual Machine
Allocated Hardware
#1



4 GB RAM
20 GB free disk space
2 NICs
Websense Components






#2


#3


Policy Broker
Policy Server
Filtering Service
– Master Database
Network Agent
User Service
Transparent identification
agent
4 GB RAM
20 GB free disk space

Remote Filtering Server
4 GB RAM
100 GB free disk space

Websense Manager
Component limits
When deploying Websense software, these component limits must be considered:

1 Policy Broker per deployment

1 Websense Manager per Policy Broker

1 Log Server per Policy Server

1 User Service per Policy Server

1 Usage Monitor per Policy Server

1 Master Database for each Filtering Service

1 primary Remote Filtering Server per Filtering Service
Deployment Guide  27
General Deployment Recommendations
Component suggestions
This section includes suggested component deployment ratios. The optimum
deployment may vary based on network configuration and Internet traffic volume.
Larger systems (more than 1000 users) may require a more distributed deployment for
load balancing and support of multiple languages.

Multiple Network Agent instances may be required, for example, to detect
outbound traffic on individual network segments.

It may be appropriate to install multiple Filtering Service instances for load
balancing. Some load balancing configurations allow the same user to be filtered
by different Filtering Service installations, depending on the current load.
This section includes:

Network Agent suggestions

Number of Filtering Services allowed per Policy Server
For limits on transparent identification agents, see Deploying transparent
identification agents, page 32.
For more information about the interaction of Websense components, see the
Installation Guide Supplement for the integration used with your Websense software,
and the Websense Manager Help.
Network considerations
To ensure effective filtering, Websense software must be installed so that:

Filtering Service can receive HTTP requests from an integrated firewall, proxy
server, or caching application, or Network Agent.
In a multi-segmented network, Filtering Service must be installed in a location
where it can both receive and manage Internet requests from the integration
product and communicate with Network Agent.

Network Agent:

Must be deployed where it can see all internal Internet traffic for the machines
that it is assigned to monitor.

Can be installed on a dedicated machine to increase overall throughput.

Must have bidirectional visibility into Internet traffic to filter non-HTTP
requests (such as instant messaging, chat, streaming media, and other Internet
applications and protocols).

Multiple instances of Network Agent may be required in larger or distributed
networks. Each Network Agent monitors a specific IP address range or
network segment.
Using multiple Network Agents ensures that all network traffic is monitored,
and prevents server overload. The required number of Network Agents
depends on network size and Internet request volume.
28  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
For more information, see Chapter 3: Deploying Network Agent.


As a network grows and the number of Internet requests increases, components
can be deployed to additional, non-dedicated machines to improve processing
performance on the dedicated machines.

You can deploy multiple Filtering Service instances, connected to one Policy
Server. This is useful for remote or isolated sub-networks. For more
information, see Number of Filtering Services allowed per Policy Server.

Because a maximum of 5000 connections per Policy Server is recommended,
multiple Policy Servers may be needed.
IMPORTANT: To ensure the integrity of the firewall, do not install Websense
components on the firewall machine.
Note
Network Agent can be deployed with the filtering
components or on a separate machine. Network Agent
should not be deployed on the same machine as responsecritical components or a firewall. For more information,
see Chapter 3: Deploying Network Agent.
Network Agent suggestions
Up to 4 Network Agents can be deployed per Filtering Service. One Filtering Service
may be able to handle more than 4 Network Agents, depending on the number of
Internet requests.
Network Agent can typically monitor 50 Mbits of traffic per second, or about 800
requests per second. The number of users that Network Agent can monitor depends on
the volume of Internet requests from each user, the configuration of the network, and
the location of Network Agent in relation to the computers it is assigned to monitor.
Network Agent functions best when it is close to those computers.
If a component’s capacity is exceeded, filtering and logging inconsistencies may
occur.
Contact your Websense software provider for technical assistance with specific
Network Agent sizing guidelines.
Number of Filtering Services allowed per Policy Server
Up to 10 Filtering Services may be deployed per Policy Server. A Policy Server may
be able to handle more, depending on the load. If the number of Filtering Service
instances exceeds the Policy Server’s capacity, however, responses to Internet requests
may be slow.
Multiple Filtering Service instances are useful to manage remote or isolated subnetworks.
The appropriate number of Filtering Service instances for a Policy Server depends on:
Deployment Guide  29
General Deployment Recommendations

The number of users per Filtering Service

The configuration of the Policy Server and Filtering Service machines

The volume of Internet requests

The quality of the network connection between the components
If a ping command sent from one machine to another receives a response in fewer
than 30 milliseconds (ms), the connection is considered high quality. See Testing
the connection for more information.
If the connection between Filtering Service and Policy Server breaks, all Internet
requests are either blocked or permitted, depending on which option you have chosen
in Websense Manager. For more information, see the Getting Started topic in the
Websense Manager Help.
Filtering Service machines running behind firewalls or remotely (at a great physical
distance communicating through a series of routers) may need their own Policy Server
instance. In a multiple Policy Server environment, a single Websense Policy Database
holds the policy settings for all Policy Server instances. See the Websense Manager
Help for more information.
Testing the connection
Run a ping test to check the response time and connection between the Policy Server
and Filtering Service machines. A response time of fewer than 30 ms is
recommended.
1. Open a command prompt (Windows) or terminal session (Linux) on the Policy
Server machine.
2. Enter the following command:
ping <IP address or hostname>
Here, <IP address or hostname> identifies the Filtering Service machine.
Interpreting your results
When you run the ping command on a Windows machine, the results resemble the
following:
C:\>ping 11.22.33.254
Pinging 11.22.33.254 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 11.22.33.254: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=63
Reply from 11.22.33.254: bytes=32 time=15ms TTL=63
Reply from 11.22.33.254: bytes=32 time=14ms TTL=63
Reply from 11.22.33.254: bytes=32 time=15ms TTL=63
Ping statistics for 11.22.33.254:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 14ms, Maximum = 15ms, Average = 14ms
In a Linux environment, the results look like this:
[root@localhost root]# ping 11.22.33.254
PING 11.22.33.254 (11.22.33.254) 56(84) bytes of data.
30  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
64
64
64
64
bytes
bytes
bytes
bytes
from
from
from
from
11.22.33.254:
11.22.33.254:
11.22.33.254:
11.22.33.254:
icmp_seq=2
icmp_seq=3
icmp_seq=4
icmp_seq=1
ttl=127
ttl=127
ttl=127
ttl=127
time=0.417
time=0.465
time=0.447
time=0.854
ms
ms
ms
ms
Ensure that Maximum round trip time or the value of time=x.xxx ms is fewer than 30
ms. If the time is greater than 30 ms, move one of the components to a different
network location and run the ping test again. If the result is still greater than 30 ms,
locate and eliminate the source of the slow response.
Required external resources
Websense software relies on certain external resources to function properly in your
network.

TCP/IP: Websense software provides filtering in TCP/IP-based networks only. If
your network uses both TCP/IP and non-TCP protocols, only those users in the
TCP/IP portion of your network are filtered.

DNS server: A DNS server is used to resolve requested URLs to an IP address.
Websense software or your integration product requires efficient DNS
performance. DNS servers should be fast enough to support Websense filtering
without becoming overloaded.

Directory services: If Websense software is configured to apply user- and
group-based policies, User Service queries the directory service for user
information. Although these user and group relationships are cached by Websense
software, directory service machines must have the resources to rebuild the cache
rapidly when Websense software requests user information. See Supported
directory services.

Network efficiency: The ability to connect to resources such as the DNS server
and directory services is critical to Websense software. Network latency must be
minimized if Filtering Service is to perform efficiently. Excessive delays under
high load circumstances can impact the performance of Filtering Service and may
cause lapses in filtering. See the Deploying in a Distributed Enterprise
supplement to this guide for tips on improving network communication.
Supported directory services
If your environment includes a directory service, you can configure Websense
software to filter Internet requests based on policies assigned to users, groups, and
domains (organizational units).
Websense software can work with the following directory services:

Windows NT Directory and Windows Active Directory (Mixed Mode)

Windows Active Directory (Native Mode)

Sun Java System Directory Server

Novell Directory Services/Novell eDirectory
Deployment Guide  31
General Deployment Recommendations
For information on configuring Websense software to communicate with a supported
directory service, see the Websense Manager Help. Websense software does not need
to run on the same operating system as the directory service.
Deploying transparent identification agents
If you are using Websense software in stand-alone mode, or if your integration
product does not send user information to Websense software, use Websense
transparent identification agents to identify users without prompting them for a user
name and password.
The following optional transparent identification agents are available:

DC Agent

eDirectory Agent

Logon Agent

RADIUS Agent
Note
DC Agent must have domain administrator privileges to
retrieve user logon information from the domain
controller.
If you have deployed Websense software in a single network location, a single
transparent identification agent instance is recommended.
In deployments that cover multiple locations, you can install an agent instance in
multiple domains.
For example:

One DC Agent instance can handle multiple trusted domains. Add additional
instances based on:

The load placed on DC Agent

Whether a DC Agent instance can see all the domains on the network,
including remote offices
Load results from the number of user logon requests. If the network is large
(10,000+ users, 30+ domains), having multiple DC Agent instances allows for
faster identification of users.
If multiple Filtering Services are installed, each Filtering Service instance must be
able to communicate with all DC Agent instances.

One eDirectory Agent is required for each eDirectory Server.

One Logon Agent is required for each Filtering Service instance.

One RADIUS Agent instance is required for each RADIUS server.
32  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
Websense, Inc. recommends installing and running RADIUS Agent and the
RADIUS server on separate machines. (The agent and server cannot have the
same IP address, and must use different ports.)
In some environments, a combination of transparent identification agents may be
appropriate within the same network, or on the same machine. See Combining
transparent identification agents.
Refer to the Installation Guide for transparent identification agent installation
instructions. See the Websense Manager Help for detailed configuration information.
More information is also available in the Transparent Identification of Users technical
white paper.
Combining transparent identification agents
Websense software can work with multiple transparent identification agents. If your
environment requires multiple agents, it is best to install them on separate machines.

eDirectory or RADIUS Agent can be installed on the same machine as Filtering
Service, or on a separate server on the same network.

Running eDirectory Agent and DC Agent in the same deployment is not
supported.
Table 6 lists supported combinations.
Table 6 Deploying Multiple Transparent ID Agents
Combination
Same
machine?
Same
network?
Configuration required
Multiple DC Agents
No
Yes
Ensure that all instances of DC
Agent can communicate with
Filtering Service, and that the
individual DC Agents are not
monitoring the same domain
controllers.
Multiple RADIUS
Agents
No
Yes
Configure each agent to
communicate with Filtering Service.
Multiple instances of the RADIUS
Agent cannot be installed on the
same machine.
Multiple eDirectory
Agents
No
Yes
Configure each instance to
communicate with Filtering Service.
Multiple Logon
Agents
No
Yes
Configure each instance to
communicate with Filtering Service.
Deployment Guide  33
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 6 Deploying Multiple Transparent ID Agents
Combination
Same
machine?
Same
network?
Configuration required
DC Agent +
RADIUS Agent
Yes
Yes
Install these agents in separate
directories. Use a different port for
communication between DC Agent
and Filtering Service than you use
for communication between
RADIUS Agent and Filtering
Service. See the Websense
Knowledge Base for more details.
DC Agent +
eDirectory Agent
No
No
Websense does not support
communication with both Windows
and Novell Directory Services in the
same deployment. However, both
agents can be installed, with only
one active agent.
DC Agent + Logon
Agent
Yes
Yes
Configure both agents to
communicate with Filtering Service.
By default, each agent uses a unique
port, so port conflicts are not an issue
unless these ports are changed.
RADIUS Agent +
Logon Agent
Yes
Yes
Configure all agents to communicate
with Filtering Service.
eDirectory Agent +
Logon Agent
No
No
Websense does not support
communication with both Novell
Directory Services and a Windows
or LDAP-based directory service in
the same deployment. However,
both agents can be installed, with
only one active agent.
RADIUS Agent +
eDirectory Agent
Yes
Yes
Configure all agents to communicate
with Filtering Service. When adding
agents to Websense Manager, use an
IP address to identify one, and a
machine name to identify the other.
See the Transparent Identification of
Users white paper for details.
DC Agent + Logon
Agent + RADIUS
Agent
Yes
Yes
This combination is rarely required.
Install each agent in a separate
directory. Configure all agents to
communicate with Filtering Service.
Use separate ports for this
communication.
Maximizing system performance
Adjust Websense components to improve filtering and logging response time, system
throughput, and CPU performance. Websense software can be optimized for:
34  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations

Network Agent

Logging of bytes transferred

Database engine (Microsoft SQL Server 2005/2000, MSDE 2000, MySQL 5.0).
SQL Server 2005 is recommended.
For enterprise networks, see Deploying in a Distributed Enterprise supplement to this
guide for more information.
Network Agent
Network Agent can be installed on the same machine as other Websense components,
or on a separate machine.
When a small or medium network, for example, exceeds 1000 users, or when Network
Agent misses Internet requests, place Network Agent on a different machine than
Filtering Service and Policy Server. You can also add a second Network Agent and
divide the network monitoring between the two agents.
If Websense software is running in a high load environment, or with a high capacity
(T3) Internet connection, you can increase throughput and implement load sharing by
installing multiple Network Agent instances. Install each agent on a different machine,
and configure each agent to monitor a different portion of the network.
Important
Network Agent must have bidirectional visibility into the
network or network segment that it monitors.
If multiple Network Agents are installed, each agent must
monitor a different network segment (IP address range).
If a Network Agent machine connects to a switch, the
monitor NIC must plug into a port that mirrors, monitors,
or spans the traffic of all other ports. Multiple-segment
network, page 51, and Network Agent location, page 49,
discuss locating Network Agent in more detail.
HTTP reporting
You can use Network Agent or an integration product to track HTTP requests and pass
the information to Websense software, which uses the data to filter and log requests.
Network Agent and some integration products also track bandwidth activity (bytes
sent and received), and the duration of each permitted Internet request. This data is
also passed to Websense software for logging.
When both Network Agent and the integration partner provide logging data, the
amount of processor time required by Filtering Service doubles.
Deployment Guide  35
General Deployment Recommendations
If you are using both Network Agent and an integration product, you can avoid extra
processing by configuring Websense software to use Network Agent to log HTTP
requests (enhanced logging). When this feature is enabled:

Websense software does not log HTTP request data sent by the integration
product. Only the log data provided by Network Agent is recorded.

As a best practice, Network Agent and Filtering Service should not run on the
same machine.
Consult the Websense Manager Help for configuration instructions.
Database Engine
In Microsoft Windows environments, the Websense Log Database can be created
using any of the following database engines:

Microsoft SQL Server 2005 (recommended)

Microsoft SQL Server 2000

Microsoft Database Engine (MSDE) 2000
Websense Explorer for Linux and the Linux version of Log Server use MySQL 5.0.
Log Server logs Internet activity information to only one Log Database at a time.
Microsoft SQL Server
Microsoft SQL Server works best for large networks, or networks with a high volume
of Internet activity, because of its capacity for storing large amounts of data over
longer periods of time (several weeks or months). Microsoft SQL Server 2005,
Enterprise Edition, is recommended for its processing speed and RAM capacity.
Under high load, Microsoft SQL Server operations are resource intensive, and can be
a performance bottleneck for Websense software reporting. You can tune the database
to improve performance, and maximize the hardware on which the database runs:

Improve CPU performance to alleviate resource conflicts between Log Server and
Microsoft SQL Server:

Increase the CPU speed, the number of CPUs, or both.

Provide a dedicated server machine for Log Server.

Provide adequate disk space to accommodate the growth of the Log Database.
Microsoft SQL Client Tools can be used to check database size.

Use a disk array controller with multiple drives to increase I/O bandwidth. Place
the tempdb and database files on a separate drive to reduce competition for
computing resources.

Increase the RAM on the Microsoft SQL Server machine to reduce timeconsuming disk I/O operations.
Establishing rollover rules can improve report generation speed. For example, if you
run weekly reports, configure rollover options to create a new database partition every
36  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
week to minimize the number of partitions SQL Server accesses. See the Websense
Manager Help for information about setting rollover options.
Note
Consult the Microsoft Web site for detailed information
about optimizing Microsoft SQL Server performance.
MSDE
Microsoft Database Engine (MSDE) is a free database engine best suited to small
networks, organizations with a low volume of Internet activity, or organizations that
plan to generate reports on only short periods of time (for example, daily or weekly
archived reports, rather than historical reports over longer time periods). MSDE
cannot be optimized.
With MSDE, the maximum size of the Log Database is about 1.5 GB. When the
existing database reaches this limit, it is saved (rolled over), and a new Log Database
is created. Use the ODBC Data Source Administrator (accessed via the Windows
Control Panel) to see information about databases that have been saved.
If the database is rolling over frequently, consider upgrading to Microsoft SQL Server
2005.
Note
Consult the Installation Guide for detailed information
about selecting the appropriate database engine for the
deployment.
When using MSDE, make sure that the latest service packs have been applied.
Microsoft SQL Server service packs can be applied to MSDE 2000. The service pack
updates only those files relevant to MSDE.
MySQL
Websense Explorer for Linux requires MySQL 5.0. Although MySQL is available for
free, a licensed version must be purchased for commercial use.
For more information on MySQL, visit the MySQL Web site: www.mysql.com.
Log Database disk space recommendations
Log Database requirements vary, based on the size of the network and the volume of
Internet activity. This guide uses the following baseline information to provide general
recommendations:

An average user requests 100 URLs (visits) per day.
Deployment Guide  37
General Deployment Recommendations

The Log Database creates a record for each visit.

Each record is approximately 500 bytes.

Each URL requires roughly 5 to 10 HTTP GETS (hits).
If the Log Database is configured to write a record for each hit, the size of the
database may increase by a factor of 5.
During installation, you are provided options for minimizing the size of the Log
Database.
After installation, additional configuration options, including selective category
logging, are available to help manage the size of the Log Database. A small Log
Database means report generation is faster, but data consolidation may also negatively
affect report accuracy. Consult the Websense Manager Help for details.
Logging visits (default settings)
When you log visits, one log record is created for each Web site visited, but the
frequency of those visits is not recorded. This option results in a small database.
If the Log Database is configured to record visits (the default), you can calculate the
disk space required for the database as follows:
(# of URLs) x (# of bytes) x (# of users)
If an average user generates 50 KB per day (100 visits x 500 bytes), and is logged on
for 20 work days per month, that user consumes 1 MB in the Log Database each
month (20 days x 50 KB/day). Extrapolating to 500 users, the database would use
500 MB per month to record visits.
Logging hits
When you log hits, a separate log record is generated for each HTTP request to display
any element of a Web page, including graphics and ads. This type of logging results in
a larger and more detailed database than the visit logging option.
If the Log Database is configured to record each hit, you can calculate the disk space
required for the database as follows:
[(avg. # of URLs) x (avg. # of hits) x (# of bytes)] x (# of users)
If an average user generates 250 KB per day (100 URLs x 5 gets per URL x 500
bytes), and is logged on for 20 work days per month, that user consumes 5 MB in the
Log Database each month (20 days x 250 KB/day). Extrapolating to 500 users, the
database would use 2.5 GB per month.
In this example, the Log Database would requires 30 GB of disk space for one year’s
worth of data (500 users at 500 hits per day).
Due to the large amount of disk space required, and due to the performance impact on
reporting, Websense, Inc., does not recommend keeping live data from large networks
for a year. When you break the database into smaller pieces, you can generate reports
more quickly.
38  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
Logging full URLs
Enabling full URL logging creates a larger database than with logging hits, and also
provides the most detailed reports. Log records include the domain name and the full
path to specific pages requested. Use this option if you want reports of real-time
scanning activity.
If the Log Database is configured to log the full URLs, each URL recorded can be up
to 1000 characters, or 2000 bytes (2 KB) in length. When full URL logging is turned
off, a log entry requires only 500 bytes per URL.
If the Log Database is growing too quickly, you can turn off full logging to decrease
the size of each entry and slow growth by a factor of 4.
Configure URL logging options in Websense Manager. Consult the Websense
Manager Help for details.
Consolidation
Consolidation helps to reduce the size of the database by recording a single entry for
multiple visits to the same URL by the same user. Instead of recording each hit or visit
by a user, the information is stored in a temporary file. At a specified interval, the file
is processed and the duplicate records are not written to the database.
For example, the user visits www.cnn.com and receives multiple pop-ups during the
session. The visit is logged as a record.

If consolidation is turned off (the default), and the user returns to the site later, a
second visit is logged.

If consolidation is turned on, additional visits to the site within a specified period
are logged as a single record.
Protocol logging
In addition to logging HTTP and HTTPS traffic, if your deployment includes Network
Agent, you have the option to log non-HTTP protocol traffic (for example, instant
messaging or streaming media traffic).
The more protocols you choose to log, the greater the impact on the size of the Log
Database. See the Websense Manager Help for information about filtering and logging
non-HTTP protocols.
Log Database strategy
Using the hits and visits calculations provided under Logging hits, page 38, even
without logging full URLs, storing data for 1 year could require:

600 GB for hits

120 GB for visits
Generating reports against such large amounts of data can significantly slow report
processing.
Deployment Guide  39
General Deployment Recommendations
Use database partitions to limit the scope of the data used to generate reports.

A database rollover is triggered by a time or size limit.

New data is collected in a new partition.

Older data is preserved in other partitions.

You configure which partitions you want to use to generate reports. For example,
if you want to generate a report that includes first quarter sales numbers, you
would designate only the partitions that contain this data for your report.
Adjust the partition or rollover limits to maximize reporting performance and ease the
management of the data. Consult the Websense Manager Help for details.
Stand-Alone Edition
The Stand-Alone Edition of Websense Web Security or Websense Web Filter uses
Network Agent (rather than an integration product or device) to provide HTTP,
HTTPS, FTP, and other protocol filtering. Network Agent:

Detects all Internet requests (HTTP and non-HTTP)

Communicates with Filtering Service to see if each request should be blocked

Calculates the number of bytes transferred

Sends a request to Filtering Service to log request information
For more information, see the Installation Guide or the Websense Manager Help.
The Stand-Alone Edition runs on the operating systems listed earlier in this chapter
(see Table 3, on page 18, and Table 4, on page 24).
Reporting runs under Websense Manager in the Stand-Alone Edition on Windows.
Websense Explorer for Linux must be installed for reporting in a Linux installation.
As in any deployment, reporting components, including Log Server, should run on a
separate machine from the filtering components.
Note
If you are using Logon Agent in a Linux deployment, the
Logon Application must be installed on Windows.
The Stand-Alone Edition can be deployed in small, medium, and large networks.
Components may need to be distributed over multiple machines for load balancing
and improved performance in larger networks. For example, you could deploy
multiple Network Agents (on Windows or Linux) to accommodate a high Internet
traffic load.
Table 7, on page 41, provides system recommendations for deploying the Stand-Alone
Edition, based on network size. System needs vary, depending on the volume of
Internet traffic.
The following baseline is used to create the recommendations:
40  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations

1 – 500 users = 1 – 100 requests per second

500 – 2,500 users = 100 – 500 requests/sec

2,500 – 10,000 users = 500 – 2,250 requests/sec
If your network traffic exceeds these estimates, more powerful systems or greater
distribution of components may be required.
Important

To ensure the integrity of a firewall, do not install
Websense components on a firewall machine.

Each Network Agent machine must be positioned to
see all Internet requests for the machines that it is
assigned to monitor.

eDirectory or RADIUS Agent can be installed on the
same machine as Filtering Service, or on a separate
machine in the same network, but not on the same
machine as Log Server.
Table 7 Stand-Alone System Recommendations
Network
Size
Filtering Components
1 – 500 users
Windows or Linux
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 10 GB free disk space
(Free space must equal
at least 20% of total
disk space.)
Windows
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 100 GB free disk space
 Microsoft SQL Server
2005 SP2 or SP3,
Microsoft SQL Server
2000 SP4, or MSDE
2000
Linux
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 80 GB free disk space
 MySQL 5.0
Windows or Linux
Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 10 GB free disk space
(Free space must equal
at least 20% of total
disk space.)
Windows
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 100 GB free disk space
 Microsoft SQL Server
2000 SP4, Microsoft
SQL Server 2005 SP2
or SP3, or MSDE 2000
Linux
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 100 GB free disk space
 MySQL 5.0
500 –
2,500 users

Reporting
(Windows)
—or—
Reporting
(Linux)
Deployment Guide  41
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 7 Stand-Alone System Recommendations
Network
Size
Filtering Components
2,500 –
10,000 users
Windows or Linux
 Load balancing
required
 Quad Xeon,
3.0 GHz, or greater
 4 GB RAM
 10 GB free disk space
(Free space must equal
at least 20% of total
disk space.)
 See the Important note
below.
Reporting
(Windows)
—or—
Windows
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon
processor, 2.5 GHz or
greater
 4 GB RAM
 200 GB free disk space
with a disk array
(The Log Database
requires a disk array to
increase I/O reliability
and performance.)
 High-speed disk access
 Microsoft SQL Server
2005 SP2 or SP3, or
Microsoft SQL Server
2000 SP4
Reporting
(Linux)
Linux
 Quad Xeon,
2.5 GHz or greater
 4 GB RAM
 200 GB free disk space,
with a disk array, RAID
level 10


High speed disk access
MySQL 5.0
Important
Two Network Agent instances run on separate machines
are required for 2,500 – 10,000 user networks. The
machines should have:

Quad-Core Intel Xeon processor, 2.5 GHz or greater

At least 4 GB of RAM
Multiple Filtering Service machines may also be needed.
Machine requirements depend on the number of users
being monitored and filtered.
To run both filtering and reporting on the same machine in the two smaller network
sizes, increase the RAM to 6 GB, and consider using a faster processor and hard drive
to compensate for the increased load.
42  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
Remote Filtering
The Remote Filtering feature allows Websense software to monitor computers outside
the corporate network. A Remote Filtering Client must be installed on each remote
machine.
The remote clients communicate with a Remote Filtering Server, which acts as a
proxy to Filtering Service. This communication is authenticated and encrypted.
When installing Remote Filtering:

The Remote Filtering Server should be installed on a dedicated machine that can
communicate with the Filtering Service machine. See Table 8, on page 43.

Do not install Remote Filtering Server on the same machine as the Filtering
Service or Network Agent.

Each Filtering Service instance has one Remote Filtering Server.

As a best practice, the Remote Filtering Server should be installed inside the
outermost firewall, in the DMZ outside the firewall protecting the rest of the
corporate network. This is highly recommended.

See Table 3, on page 18, for operating system requirements for the Remote
Filtering Server.
Remote Filtering Client system recommendations:

Pentium 4 or greater

Free disk space: 25 MB for installation; 15 MB to run the application

2 GB RAM
Table 8 Remote Filtering Server System Recommendations
Network Size
Hardware Recommendations
1 – 500 clients
Windows or Linux
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon processor, 2.5 GHz or greater
 2 GB RAM
 20 GB free disk space
500 – 2,000 clients
Windows or Linux
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon processor, 3.2 GHz or greater
 4 GB RAM
 20 GB free disk space
2,000 – 5,000 clients
Windows or Linux
 Quad-Core Intel Xeon processor, 3.2 GHz or greater
 4 GB RAM
 20 GB free disk space
Deployment Guide  43
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 8 Remote Filtering Server System Recommendations
Network Size
Hardware Recommendations
5,000 – 10,000 clients
Windows or Linux
 Quad Xeon, 3.2 GHz or greater
- or Static load balancing with Dual Xeon,
3.2 GHz or greater
 4 GB RAM
 20 GB free disk space
10,000+ clients
Windows or Linux
 Static load balancing with Quad Xeon,
3.2 GHz or greater
 4 GB RAM
 20 GB free disk space
Figure 1 provides an example of a Remote Filtering deployment. The illustration does
not include all Websense components.
Figure 1 Example of Remote Filtering Deployment
44  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
General Deployment Recommendations
Supported integrations
Websense software can be integrated with the following firewalls, proxy servers, and
caching applications (collectively referred to as integration products) to provide
Internet filtering.
Please note that plug-ins for some integrations are not supported on Windows Server
2008. See the Installation Guide supplement for your individual integration for more
information.
Table 9 Supported Integrations
Integration
Version Supported
Cisco®




Check Point®
Contact Check Point for
assistance in determining
which FireWall-1 version is
running.
Network Agent can run on
same machine only if it and
the integration each has its
own processor.
MetaFrame Presentation
Server 3.0
Citrix Presentation
Server 4.0
Citrix Presentation
Server 4.5
Websense Plug-in:
The Citrix plug-in is only
supported on Windows.
Requires either:
 Microsoft Windows
Server 2003 (32 bit)
 Microsoft Windows 2000
Server (32 bit)
Integrations:
 Microsoft ISA Server 2004,
Standard Edition and
Enterprise Edition
 Microsoft ISA Server 2006,
Standard Edition and
Enterprise Edition
Clients:
 ISA Firewall Clients
 Secure NAT Clients
Websense Plug-in:
The ISAPI Plug-in for the
Microsoft ISA Server is
supported only on Windows.




– MetaFrame®
Presentation
Server
Microsoft® Internet
Security and
Acceleration (ISA)
Server
Cisco PIX Firewall Software
v5.0 or greater
Cisco Adaptive Security
Appliances (ASA) Software
v7.0 or greater
Cisco Content Engine ACNS
v5.4 or greater
Cisco Routers with Cisco IOS
Software Release 12.3 or
greater
FireWall-1 FP1 or greater
FireWall-1 NG AI
FireWall-1 NGX
CheckPoint Edge
CheckPoint R61
Check Point R65


Citrix®
– Citrix
Presentation
Server™
Comments



Deployment Guide  45
General Deployment Recommendations
Table 9 Supported Integrations
Integration
Version Supported
Network Appliance™
NetCache®

NetCache OS v5.2.1 R1D4 or
greater.
Websense protocol
management requires
NetCache v5.5 or later.
Squid Web Proxy
Cache

Squid STABLE v2.5
Squid STABLE v2.6
Websense Plug-in:
The Squid Plug-in for the
Squid Web Proxy Cache is
supported only on Linux.

46  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Comments
3
Deploying Network Agent
When your Websense software deployment includes Network Agent, the positioning
of the agent and other Websense filter components depends on the composition of
your network.
For the most part, Ethernet networks are built of segments. (Very simple networks are
the exception.) A segment is a sort of neighborhood for a group of machines, which
are connected to the rest of the network via a central connection point (router, bridge,
switch, or smart hub). Most of these devices keep local traffic within a segment, while
passing traffic intended for machines on other segments. This architecture reduces
network congestion by keeping unnecessary traffic from passing to the whole
network.
A very simple network may require only a single Network Agent. A segmented
network may require (or benefit from) a separate Network Agent instance for each
segment. Network Agent functions best when it is closest to the computers that it is
assigned to monitor.
This chapter provides configuration information and sample deployment diagrams to
help you position Network Agent in your deployment.
Network Agent
Network Agent manages Internet protocols (including HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP), by
examining network packets and identifying the protocol.
As with third-party integration products (like firewalls, routers, proxies, or network
appliances), Network Agent can be configured to route HTTP requests to Filtering
Service for filtering. In addition, when Network Agent detects a non-HTTP request, it
queries Filtering Service to determine whether the protocol should be blocked, and
then logs the results of the query.
Network Agent must be installed on the internal side of the corporate firewall, in a
location where it can see all Internet requests for the machines it is assigned to
monitor. The agent then monitors HTTP and non-HTTP requests from those
machines, and the response that they receive.
Network Agent only monitors and manages traffic that passes through the network
device (switch, hub, or gateway) to which it is attached. Multiple Network Agent
Deployment Guide  47
Deploying Network Agent
instances may be needed, depending on the size, volume of Internet requests, and the
network configuration.
The Network Agent machine can connect to the network via a switch or a hub. See
Hub configuration, page 54, and Switched networks with a single Network Agent, page
55.
Network Agent can be installed on the same machine as an integration product. See
Gateway configuration, page 59.
Warning
Do not install Network Agent on a machine running a
firewall or Remote Filtering Server. On a firewall,
Network Agent’s packet-capturing may conflict with the
firewall software. On a Remote Filtering Server, machine
resources may be too heavily taxed.
There is one exception: A blade server or appliance with
separate processors or virtual processors may be able to
support both Network Agent and firewall software or
Remote Filtering Server.
Network Agent settings
Configure Network Agent global (applying to all agent instances) and local (specific
to a single agent instance) settings in Websense Manager. These settings tell Network
Agent which machines to monitor and which to ignore.


Global settings:

Specify which machines are part of your network.

Identify any machines in your network that Network Agent should monitor
for incoming requests (for example, internal Web servers).

Specify bandwidth calculation and protocol logging behavior.
Local settings:

Specify which Filtering Service is associated with each Network Agent.

Identify proxies and caches used by the machines that this Network Agent
monitors.

Determine which network card (NIC) the Network Agent instance uses to
monitor requests and which it uses to send block pages.
Configuration settings for the NIC used to monitor requests determine which
segment of the network the agent instance monitors.
48  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Network Agent location
Network Agent must be able to see all outgoing and incoming Internet traffic on the
network segment that it is assigned to monitor. Multiple instances of Network Agent
may be needed to monitor an entire network.

Multiple Network Agents may be needed for larger or high-traffic organizations.

A Network Agent instance can be placed in each internal network segment. Each
instance should monitor its own segment without overlapping any other agent’s
segment.
The Network Agent machine may be:

Connected to a switch or router.

Configure the device to use a mirror or span port, and connect Network Agent
to this port, to allow the agent to see Internet requests from all monitored
machines. (On most switches, you can change a port mode to spanning,
mirroring, or monitoring mode. The term varies by manufacturer; the function
is the same.)
Note
Not all switches support port spanning or mirroring.
Contact the switch vendor to verify that spanning or
mirroring is available, and for configuration instructions.


Websense, Inc., strongly recommends using a switch that supports
bidirectional spanning. This allows Network Agent to use a single network
card (NIC) to both monitor traffic and send block pages.
If the switch does not support bidirectional spanning, the Network Agent
machine must have at least 2 NICs: one for monitoring and one for blocking.
See Using multiple NICs, page 61.
On a dedicated machine, connected to an unmanaged, unswitched hub located
between an external router and the network.
To ensure that Network Agent is able to monitor the expected traffic, you must both
position the Network Agent machine appropriately, and configure Network Agent
settings in Websense Manager. Consult the Websense Manager Help for instructions.
The following sections illustrate possible single and multiple Network Agent
configurations.
Deployment Guide  49
Deploying Network Agent
Single-segment network
A single-segment network is a series of logically connected nodes (computers,
printers, and so on) operating in the same portion of the network. In a single-segment
network, Filtering Service and Network Agent must be positioned to monitor Internet
traffic across the entire network.
Figure 2 shows the filtering components of the Websense software Stand-Alone
Edition installed in a central location to see both HTTP and non-HTTP traffic.
Figure 2 Websense software in a single-segment network
To learn more about installing Network Agent in a network:

With a hub, see Hub configuration, page 54.

With a switch, see Switched networks with a single Network Agent, page 55.

With a gateway, see Gateway configuration, page 59.
50  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Multiple-segment network
Depending on the device used to connect network segments, some traffic may not be
sent to all segments. A router, bridge, or smart hub serves as traffic control, preventing
unneeded traffic from being sent to a segment. In this environment, the Websense
filtering components must be deployed to see all network traffic.

Filtering Service must be installed where it can receive and manage Internet
requests from the integration product, if any, and communicate with Network
Agent.

Each Network Agent instance must be able to see all Internet requests on the
segment or segments that it is configured to monitor.
Deploying multiple Network Agents
Multiple Network Agent instances may be needed in a multiple-segment network to
capture all Internet requests. A Network Agent can be installed on each segment to
monitor the Internet requests from that segment.
Note
A limit of 4 Network Agents is suggested for each
Filtering Service. It may be possible to use more agent
instances, depending on system and network configuration
and the volume of Internet requests.
If multiple Network Agent instances are installed:

Ensure that the instances are deployed to monitor the entire network. Partial
deployment results in incomplete filtering and loss of log data in network
segments not watched by the Network Agent.

Network Agent instances must not be configured to monitor overlapping IP
address ranges. An overlap can result in inaccurate logging and network
bandwidth measurements, and improper bandwidth-based filtering.
The network segment or IP address range monitored by each Network Agent is
determined by the NIC settings for the agent configured in Websense Manager.
See the Websense Manager Help for instructions.

Avoid deploying Network Agent across different LANs. If you install Network
Agent on a machine in the 10.22.x.x network, and configure it to communicate
with a Filtering Service machine in the 10.30.x.x network, communication may be
slow enough to prevent Network Agent from blocking an Internet request before
the site is returned to the user.
Deployment Guide  51
Deploying Network Agent
For examples of central and distributed Network Agent placement, see:

Hub configuration, page 54

Switched networks with a single Network Agent, page 55

Gateway configuration, page 59
Central Network Agent placement
A network with multiple segments can be filtered from a single location. Install
Filtering Service where it can receive Internet requests from both the integration
product, if any, and each Network Agent.
If the network contains multiple switches, Network Agent instances are inserted into
the network at the last switch in the series. This switch must be connected to the
gateway that goes out to the Internet.
In Figure 3:

One Network Agent instance is installed with Filtering Service on Machine A.
This machine is connected to the network via a switch that is configured to mirror
or span the traffic of network Segment 1.

A second Network Agent is installed on Machine B, which is connected to the
same switch as Machine A. Machine B is connected to a different port that is
configured to mirror the traffic of Segments 2 and 3.

Both Network Agents are positioned to see all traffic for the network segments
they monitor, and to communicate with other Websense components.

The switch is connected to the gateway, allowing the Network Agent instances to
monitor network traffic for all network segments.
Figure 3 Websense software in a multiple-segment network
52  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Distributed Network Agent placement
The network diagram below shows a single Filtering Service with 3 Network Agents,
one for each network segment. A deployment like this might be useful in
organizations with satellite offices, for example.

Filtering Service (Machine C) must be installed where it is able to receive and
manage Internet requests from both the integration product (if any) and each of
the Network Agent instances in all network segments.

Each Network Agent (machines A, B and C) is connected to the network segment
it monitors via the span or mirror port of a switch.
See Deploying multiple Network Agents, page 51, for more information.
In Figure 4, the switches are not connected in a series. However, each switch is
connected to the router, which is connected to the gateway.
Figure 4 Multiple Network Agents in a multiple-segment network
Deployment Guide  53
Deploying Network Agent
Hub configuration
At the simplest level, a network hub provides a central connection point for the
segments in a network and the devices in those segments. The port to which the
Network Agent machine connects is dependent on the type of hub. Some hubs
broadcast traffic to all of their ports, while others do not.
Network Agent must be able to see the traffic for the network segments it is assigned
to monitor.
Figure 5 Network Agent connected to a hub
54  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Switched networks with a single Network Agent
A switch is a bridge that routes traffic between network segments. It prevents all
traffic from going to all segments, reducing network congestion. Since not all traffic
going through a switch is visible to all devices on the network, the machine running
Network Agent must be connected at a point where it can monitor all Internet traffic
for the network.
Connect the Network Agent machine to the port on the switch that mirrors, monitors,
or spans the traffic on the gateway or firewall port. The span or mirror port sees all the
traffic that leaves each network segment.
Note
Not all switches support bidirectional port spanning or
mirroring. Contact the switch vendor to verify that
spanning or mirroring is available, and for configuration
instructions.
If bidirectional communication is not available, at least 2
network cards (NICs) are needed to monitor traffic and
communicate with other Websense components.
If port spanning is not available, Network Agent cannot
properly monitor the network.
Figure 6 shows a network with a single switch. The Network Agent machine is
attached to the port that mirrors all traffic from connected clients. Subsequent
illustrations show multiple switch and multiple subnetwork configurations.
Figure 6 Simple deployment in a switched environment
Deployment Guide  55
Deploying Network Agent
Figure 7 shows the use of additional switches to create 2 network segments. All
Internet traffic from these network segments must pass through Switch #3, to which
Network Agent is attached. In a multiple switch environment, failure to enable port
spanning or mirroring could result in missed filtering and inaccurate reports.
Figure 7 Multiple subnets in a switched environment
56  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Figure 8 also contains multiple network segments. This network adds a router for
communication with a remote office. The machine running Network Agent is
connected to an additional switch.
Figure 8 Switched environment with a remote office connection
Network Agent can also be positioned closer to the clients, as shown in Figure 9, page
58.
Deployment Guide  57
Deploying Network Agent
Switched networks with multiple Network Agents
A busy network may need multiple Network Agents to monitor different network
segments or IP address ranges. Network Agent operates best when it is closer to the
computers it is assigned to monitor. Figure 9 shows a network in which multiple
Network Agent instances monitor separate network segments.
See Deploying multiple Network Agents, page 51, for more information.
Figure 9 Multiple Network Agents in a switched environment
58  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Gateway configuration
A gateway provides a connection between two networks. The networks do not need to
use the same network communication protocol. The gateway can also connect a
network to the Internet.
Network Agent can be installed on the gateway machine, allowing Network Agent to
manage and monitor all Internet traffic. The gateway can either be a third-party proxy
server or a network appliance. Do not install Network Agent on a firewall.
Important
The gateway configuration shown here is best used in
small to medium networks.
In larger networks, performance can suffer as a result of
resource competition between the gateway software and
Network Agent.
Figure 10 shows Network Agent monitoring the Internet traffic at the proxy gateway
or caching appliance directly attached to the firewall.
Figure 10 Network Agent installed on the gateway
Deployment Guide  59
Deploying Network Agent
Figure 11 shows Network Agent deployed in a network that includes Websense
Content Gateway. Do not install Network Agent on the Websense Content Gateway
machine.
Figure 11 Network Agent deployed with Websense Content Gateway
60  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Deploying Network Agent
Using multiple NICs
Network Agent is capable of using more than one network card (NIC).

Best practices suggest a maximum of 5 NICs

The NICs can be connected to ports on the same network device (switch or
router), or to different network devices.
If the machine running Network Agent has multiple NICs:

Only one instance of Network Agent can be installed on the machine.

The blocking or inject NIC (used to serve block pages) must have an IP address.

Each NIC can be configured to monitor or block Internet requests, or both.

Each NIC can be configured to monitor a different network segment.

At least one NIC must be configured for blocking.
When you configure separate network cards to monitor traffic and send block
messages (shown in Figure 12, page 62):

The monitoring and blocking NIC do not have to be assigned to the same network
segment.

The monitoring NIC must be able to see all Internet traffic in the network segment
that it is assigned to monitor.

Multiple monitoring NICs can use the same blocking NIC.

The blocking NIC must be able to send block messages to all machines assigned
to the monitoring NICs, even if the machines are on another network segment.

A monitoring NIC can be set for stealth mode (no IP address). For information on
configuring stealth mode, see the Websense Web Security and Websense Web
Filter Installation Guide.

The blocking NIC must have an IP address (cannot be set to stealth mode).
The installer requests the IP addresses for the NICs that Websense software uses for
communication, and for the NICs that Network Agent uses to monitor traffic. For
more information, see the Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Installation Guide.
Deployment Guide  61
Deploying Network Agent
For information on configuring multiple NICs, consult the Websense Manager Help.
Figure 12 Dual NIC configuration
NAT and Network Agent deployment
If you use Network Address Translation (NAT) on internal routers, Network Agent
may be unable to identify the source IP address of client machines. When Network
Agent detects traffic after being passed through such a router, the agent sees the IP
address of the router’s external interface as the source of the request, rather than the IP
address of the client machine.
To address this issue, either disable NAT, or install Network Agent on a machine
located between the NAT router and the monitored clients.
62  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
4
Integration Deployment
This chapter addresses considerations for deploying Websense components with an
integration product (such as a firewall, proxy, or caching application).
Most of the network diagrams included in this chapter show a typical small network
installation (500 users or fewer). The diagrams show the recommended location of your
integration product relative to Websense components.

The diagrams are intended to provide a general overview, and do not show all
Websense components.

Larger networks require that Websense components be distributed across several
dedicated machines. See the Deployment Guide Supplements for more information.
Note
DC Agent is listed as the transparent identification agent in
many of the diagrams in this chapter. Logon Agent can
also be used.
Please note that plug-ins for some integrations are not supported on Windows Server
2008. See the Installation Guide supplement for your individual integration for more
information.
Websense Content Gateway
Websense Content Gateway™ is a central gateway for controlling Web content that
offers:

The advantages of a proxy cache, improving bandwidth usage and network
performance by storing requested Web pages and, if the page is still considered
“fresh,” serving the Web page to the requesting client.

Real-time content categorization. This feature examines the content of
uncategorized sites and sites that include rapidly changing content, and then
returns a recommended category to Filtering Service.
Websense Content Gateway can run in explicit or transparent proxy mode.

In explicit proxy mode, client browsers must be configured to point to the proxy.
Deployment Guide  63
Integration Deployment

In transparent proxy mode, the client request is intercepted and redirected to the
proxy. Traffic is redirected through a router or a Layer 4 switch and the ARM
(Adaptive Redirection Module) feature of the proxy.
Websense Content Gateway can participate in flexible cache hierarchies, where
Internet requests not fulfilled in one cache can be routed to other regional caches. The
gateway also scales from a single node into multiple nodes that form a cluster, to
improve system performance and reliability.
Websense Content Gateway is installed on a Linux machine, separate from other
Websense components. See the Websense Content Gateway Installation Guide for
more information.
Figure 13 shows Websense Content Gateway and Websense Data Security Suite
deployed with Websense Web filtering components (including Policy Broker, Policy
Server, Filtering Service, User Service, and a transparent identification agent).

The Websense Data Security Suite, Websense Content Gateway, and Websense
filtering component machines access network traffic through a router.

Network Agent is installed on a separate machine, attached to the span port on a
switch.
64  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
Figure 13 Integration with Websense Content Gateway
Deployment Guide  65
Integration Deployment
Cisco deployment
A simple and common network topology places Websense filtering components on a
single machine, or group of dedicated machines, communicating with the Cisco PIX
Firewall or Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) via TCP/IP.

Websense reporting components are installed on a separate machine.

If you install Network Agent, it must be positioned to see all traffic on the internal
network.
See the Installation Guide Supplement for use with Cisco Integrated Products for
configuration instructions.
Figure 14 Common Windows Network Configuration for Cisco PIX Firewall or ASA
Other configurations are possible. Consult your Cisco PIX Firewall or ASA
documentation and the information in this section to determine the best configuration
for your network.
66  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
Cisco Content Engine
In this common configuration, Websense filtering components are installed on a single
machine, communicating with the Cisco Content Engine through TCP/IP.

Websense reporting components are installed on a separate machine.

If you install Network Agent, it must be positioned to see all traffic on the internal
network.
Figure 15 Common Windows network configuration for Cisco Content Engine
Other configurations are possible. Consult your Content Engine documentation and
the information in this chapter to determine the best configuration for your network.
Deployment Guide  67
Integration Deployment
Cisco IOS Routers
In this common configuration, Websense filtering components are installed on a single
machine, communicating with the Cisco IOS Router.

Websense reporting components are installed on a separate machine.

If you install Network Agent, it must be positioned to see all traffic on the internal
network.
The router has firewall functionality and can be used with or without an
accompanying firewall.
If the Cisco IOS Router is used with a separate firewall, ensure that all Internet traffic
is configured to pass through the router and is not set to bypass the router and go
directly to the firewall. Traffic filtered through the separate firewall cannot be filtered
by the Websense software.
Figure 16 Common Windows network configuration for Cisco IOS Routers
Other configurations are possible. Consult your Cisco Router documentation and the
information in this chapter to determine the best configuration for your network.
68  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
Check Point
This section includes a general discussion of 2 common Check Point integration
deployment options: simple deployment with unified components, and distributed
deployment. See the Installation Guide Supplement for use with Check Point
Integrated Products for configuration instructions.
Simple
In the simplest and most common network topology, an organization has one firewall
that resides on a dedicated server. All Websense filtering components are installed on
a separate machine on the internal network.

Websense reporting components are installed on a separate machine.

If you install Network Agent, it must be positioned to see all traffic on the internal
network.
Figure 17 Simple network configuration
Deployment Guide  69
Integration Deployment
Distributed
In Figure 18, Websense filtering software is installed on a single machine in a central
location where it can manage both protocol and HTTP traffic. HTTP requests are
handled by the Check Point appliance, and the non-HTTP traffic is managed by
Network Agent, which is positioned to detect all outbound traffic.
Figure 18 Multiple-Segment network configuration
To avoid performance and security issues, do not install Websense components on a
machine running Check Point software, unless the machine is a blade server that has
70  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
separate processors to accommodate each product. Network Agent will not function
correctly if installed on the Check Point machine.
Warning
Websense, Inc., and Check Point do not recommend
installing Websense software and Check Point on the same
machine. Do not install Network Agent on the same
machine as Check Point software.
Microsoft ISA Server
When you integrate Websense software with Microsoft ISA Server, the Websense
ISAPI plug-in must be installed on the ISA Server machine. The plug-in allows
Microsoft ISA Server to communicate with Filtering Service, and must be installed on
every ISA Server machine that communicates with Websense software.

You can install Policy Broker, Policy Server, Filtering Service, and User Service
on the same machine as Microsoft ISA Server.

When Websense filtering software is installed on the same machine as Microsoft
ISA Server, the Websense ISAPI Filtering plug-in must be installed at the same
time.
If your environment includes an array of Microsoft ISA Server machines, install
Websense software on a machine outside the array.
See the Websense Installation Guide Supplement for use with Microsoft ISA Server for
instructions and more information.
Important
Install Filtering Service and the ISAPI Filter together if
you are installing Websense filtering components on the
ISA Server machine. You cannot add the plug-in once
Filtering Service has been installed.
Deployment Guide  71
Integration Deployment
Single Microsoft ISA Server configuration
Figure 19 shows all Websense components, including the Websense ISAPI Filter,
running on the same machine as Microsoft ISA Server. Unless the Internet traffic
volume is light, this configuration requires a powerful machine.
Figure 19 Filtering components installed with Microsoft ISA Server
72  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
An alternate setup, Figure 20, places Websense filtering components on a Windows
machine separate from the Microsoft ISA Server machine. This configuration eases
the load on the Microsoft ISA Server machine.

The ISAPI Filter must be installed on the Microsoft ISA Server machine so that
Internet activity information can be communicated to Filtering Service.

The Filtering Service and Microsoft ISA Server machines must be able to
communicate over the network.
Figure 20 Filtering components installed separately from Microsoft ISA Server
Deployment Guide  73
Integration Deployment
Array configuration
Websense software is compatible with most array configurations, including Cache
Array Routing Protocol (CARP) arrays. If the Microsoft ISA Server machines in the
array can run Websense software without a performance impact, installing the
Websense components on one of the array machines is recommended. In this
configuration, the two applications do not have to communicate over the network.
Install the Websense ISAPI Filter on each Microsoft ISA Server machine in the array.
Figure 21 shows Websense filtering components running on a Microsoft ISA Server
machine, with Websense Manager and Log Server installed on a computer that has
network access to the Websense filtering machine.
Figure 21 Microsoft ISA Server array configuration #1
74  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
If installing Websense filtering components on a Microsoft ISA Server machine is
likely to have a performance impact, install Websense software outside the array.
Install the Websense ISAPI Filter on each member of the array. See Figure 22.
When Websense software is deployed in this configuration, all array members send
Internet requests to Filtering Service outside the array.
Figure 22 Microsoft ISA Server array configuration #2
Other configurations are possible. Consult your Microsoft ISA Server documentation
for information about Microsoft ISA Server configurations.
Deployment Guide  75
Integration Deployment
Squid Web Proxy Cache deployment
Websense filtering components can be installed on the same machine as Squid Web
Proxy Cache, on a separate machine, or on multiple machines.
Squid Web Proxy Cache machines may be deployed in an array to share the load in a
larger network.
A Websense Squid plug-in must be installed on each machine running Squid Web
Proxy Cache.
The diagrams in this section assume a Linux installation.

If Websense filtering components are installed on a Windows machine, move
Websense Manager to another machine.

If you are running Websense Manager on Windows, do not install a second
instance of Websense Manager on a Linux machine.
Single Squid Web Proxy Cache configuration
Figure 23 shows the Websense filtering components, the Squid plug-in, and the Squid
Web Proxy Cache running on the same machine. In this configuration, the Websense
filtering and components are installed on the Squid Web Proxy Cache machine. You
can also install a Websense transparent identification agent on the same machine, or
on a separate machine.
Figure 23 Filtering components installed with Squid Web Proxy Cache
76  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
An alternate deployment places all Websense filtering components on a separate
machine from the Squid Web Proxy Cache. This configuration eases the load on the
Squid Web Proxy machine.

The Websense Squid Plug-in must be installed on the Squid Web Proxy machine
to enable communication with Filtering Service.

The Filtering Service and Squid Web Proxy machines must be able to
communicate over the network.
Figure 24 Filtering components and Squid Web Proxy Cache on separate machines
Deployment Guide  77
Integration Deployment
Array configuration
Websense software is compatible with most array configurations, including Cache
Array Routing Protocol (CARP) arrays. If the Squid Web Proxy Cache machines in an
array can run Websense software without a performance impact, install the main
Websense filtering components on one of the array machines. In this configuration,
the two applications do not have to communicate over the network.
Figure 25 shows the Websense filtering components running on a Squid Web Proxy
Cache machine, with Websense reporting components on a separate machine.
Figure 25 Squid Web Proxy Cache array configuration #1
78  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
If installing the Websense filtering components on the Squid Web Proxy Cache
machine is likely to have a performance impact, install Websense software on a
separate machine outside the array, and then install the Squid plug-in on each member
of the array. See Figure 26.
When Websense software is installed in this configuration, all array members send
Internet requests to Filtering Service outside the array.
Figure 26 Squid Web Proxy Cache array configuration #2
Other configurations are possible. Consult your Squid Web Proxy Cache
documentation for information about array configurations. See the Installation Guide
Supplement for use with Squid Web Proxy Cache for Websense software configuration
instructions.
Deployment Guide  79
Integration Deployment
NetCache integration
NetCache has been specifically enhanced to integrate with Websense software. When
NetCache receives a client’s Internet request, it queries Filtering Service to find out
whether or not the site should be blocked. If the site is assigned to a permitted category,
Filtering Service notifies NetCache that the site is not blocked, and the site is returned to
the user.
Figure 29 shows Websense filtering components installed together on a single
machine. Remember that Network Agent must be able to monitor all Internet traffic.
Figure 27 Common network configuration
Other configurations are possible. Consult your NetCache documentation for
information about array configurations. See the Installation Guide Supplement for use
with NetCache for Websense software configuration instructions.
80  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Integration Deployment
Universal integration
If your firewall, proxy server, caching application, or network appliance is not one of
the products listed in this chapter, you may still be able to integrate it with Websense
software. Check the list of Websense Technology Partners at www.websense.com/
global/en/Partners/TAPartners/SecurityEcosystem/ to see if Websense software can
be integrated with the product. If your integration product is listed, that product has
been specifically enhanced to integrate with Websense software.
Typical configurations include networks with a single firewall, proxy server, or
caching application, and networks with an array of firewalls, proxy servers, or caching
appliances. A Websense transparent identification agent (DC Agent, Logon Agent,
eDirectory Agent, or RADIUS Agent) can be installed on the Filtering Service
machine or on a separate machine.
Figure 28 Common network configuration
Other configurations are possible. Consult your integration product’s documentation
for other recommendations. See the Installation Guide Supplement for use with
Universal Integrations for Websense software configuration instructions.
Deployment Guide  81
Integration Deployment
Citrix
Websense software integrated with a Citrix server can monitor HTTP, FTP, and SSL
requests from individual Citrix users. Network Agent can be used to filter other
protocols, if needed.
Figure 29 shows a typical deployment used to filter both users who access the Internet
through a Citrix server and users who access the Internet locally.

The Websense filtering components are installed on a dedicated machine that can
filter both the Citrix server clients and the non-Citrix clients.

The Websense Citrix Integration Service must be installed on each Citrix server to
allow it to communicate with Filtering Service.

No other Websense components can be installed on the Citrix server.
Separate Network Agent instances are needed for the Citrix and non-Citrix users.
To simplify the diagram, not all individual Websense components are shown.
Figure 29 Citrix integration
Other integrations also can be used in the non-Citrix portion of the network. See the
Installation Guide Supplement for use with Integrated Citrix Servers for Websense
software configuration instructions.
82  Websense Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Index
A
Active Directory, 31
DC Agent support, 18
authentication
directory services, 31
C
CARP array
deploying Websense software in, 74
Check Point
deployment warning, 71
integration, 69
Check Point integration
distributed, 70
simple, 69
Cisco
integration, 66
Cisco Content Engine
integration deployment, 67
Cisco Routers
configuring for Websense software, 68
integration deployment, 68
combining Transparent Identification Agents, 33
components
defined, 11
Filtering Service, 12
Master Database, 12
Network Agent, 12
network considerations, 28
OS requirements, 18, 24
Policy Broker, 11
Policy Database, 11
Policy Server, 11
relational limits, 27
software required, 18
suggested ratios, 28
Usage Monitor, 12
Websense Manager, 12
configuration
Content Engine with Websense software, 67
IOS Routers with Websense software,
consolidation, Log Database, 39
Content Engine
configuring
with Websense software, 67
68
D
Database Engine
maximizing system performance, 36
Microsoft SQL Server, 36
MSDE, 37
DC Agent
Active Directory, 18
combined deployment
eDirectory Agent, 34
Logon Agent, 34
RADIUS Agent, 34
RADIUS and Logon Agents, 34
defined, 13
multiple deployment, 33
NTLM support, 18
OS requirements, 18
software requirements, 18
deployment
filtering components on the Squid machine,
Websense software a separate machine, 77
directory services
Active Directory, 31
eDirectory, 31
FIltering Service interaction, 31
Novell Directory Services, 31
NTLM, 31
Sun Java System Directory, 31
supported types, 31
disk space recommendations
Log Database, 37
DNS server, 31
IP address resolution, 31
76
E
eDirectory,
19
Deployment Guide

83
eDirectory Agent, 31
combined deployment
DC Agent, 34
Logon Agent, 34
RADIUS Agent, 34
defined, 13
eDirectory Server limit, 32
multiple deployment, 33
Novell requirements, 19
OS requirements, 19
software requirements, 19
Explorer
defined, 15
OS requirements, 19
software requirements, 19
Squid Web Proxy Cache, 76
Universal, 81
Websense Content Gateway, 63
integrations, supported versions, 45
IP addresses
avoid overlapping coverage, 51
DNS server resolution, 31
ISA Server
array configuration, 78
L
F
Filtering Service, 12
location, 51
enterprise network, 28
Logon Agent limit, 32
multiple installations of, 28
OS requirements, 19
Remote Filtering Server limit, 27
software requirements, 19
suggested number per Policy Server,
testing connections, 30
G
gateway configuration,
Global settings
Network Agent, 48
59
H
HTTP reporting, 35
maximizing system performance,
hub configuration
Network Agent, 54
I
integrations
Check Point, 69
Cisco, 66
Content Engine, 67
IOS Routers, 68
Microsoft ISA, 71
84
Websense
35
29
load balancing, 28
Local settings
Network Agent, 48
location
Filtering Service, 51
Network Agent, 49
Log Database
consolidation, 39
defined, 14
disk space recommendations,
strategy, 39
Linux
OS requirements, 19
software requirements, 19
Log Server limit, 27
logging full URLs, 39
logging hits, 38
logging visits, 38
protocol logging, size impact,
Solaris
OS requirements, 19
software requirements, 19
Windows
OS requirements, 19
software requirements, 19
Log Server
component limits, 27
defined, 15
Windows
OS requirements, 20
software requirements, 20
logging full URLs, 39
logging hits, 38
Logging Visits, 38
Logon Agent
combined deployment
Web Security and Websense Web Filter
37
39
DC Agent, 34
eDirectory Agent, 34
RADIUS Agent, 34
RADIUS and DC Agents,
defined, 13
Filtering Service limit, 32
multiple deployment, 33
OS requirements, 20
software requirements, 20
Logon Application
defined, 13
OS requirements, 21
34
M
Master Database, 12
maximizing system performance, 34
Database Engine, 36
HTTP Reporting, 35
Microsoft SQL Server, 36
MSDE, 37
Network Agent, 35
Microsoft ISA Server
array configuration, 74
integration, 71
separate installation, 73
single configuration, 72
single machine install, 72
Microsoft SQL Server
maximizing system performance, 36
MSDE
defined, 37
maximizing system performance, 37
multiple NICs
Network Agent, 61
multiple segments
defined, Network Agent
multiple segment networks, 51
MySQL
maximizing system performance, 37
N
NAT (Network Address Translation),
Network Agent, 12
deploying, 47
Filtering Service suggestions, 29
firewall recommendation, 48
62
function, 47
functions, 47
gateway configuration, 59
Global Settings, 48
global settings, 48
HTTP reporting, 35
hub configuration, 54
Local Settings, 48
Local settings, 48
location, 49
maximizing system performance, 35
maximum number, 51
multiple, 51
multiple agents
IP address range, 51
switched configuration, 58
multiple NICs, 61
monitoring and blocking, 61
multiple segments, 51
central placement, 52
distributed placement, 53
Network Address Translation (NAT), 62
network visibility, 35, 49
number of users, 29
OS requirements, 21
Remote Filtering recommendation, 48
settings, 48, 48
single segment network, 50
software requirements, 21
Stand-Alone Edition, 40
switched configuration, 55
visibility, 28, 35
Websense Content Gateway deployment,
network considerations
components, 28
VMWare, 25
network efficiency, 31
network visibility
Network Agent, 35, 49
Novell Directory Service, 31
Novell requirements
eDirectory, 19
NTLM
DC Agent Support, 18
NTLM-based directories, 31
Deployment Guide
60

85
2000-5000 clients, 43
5000-10000 clients, 44
500-2000 client, 43
Remote Filtering Server
defined, 13
Reporter
defined, 15
Reporting
components defined, 14
requests per second and users, 40
requests per second averages, 40
requirements, operating system, 18
O
operating systems
component support, 24
requirements, 18, 18, 24
Stand-Alone System, 40
P
per second, users and requests, 40
Policy Broker, 11
Policy Database, 11
Policy Server, 11
component limits, 27
number of Filtering Services, 29
OS requirements, 22
testing connections, 30
protocol logging
impact on Log Database, 39
S
single segment network, 50
software requirements, 18
Squid Web Proxy
single configuration, 76
Squid Web Proxy Cache
integration, 76
Stand-Alone Edition, 40
1 - 500 users, 41
2,500 - 10,000 users, 42
500 - 2,500 users, 41
Network Agent, 40
operating systems, 40
Sun Java System Directory Server, 31
support
RADIUS Servers, 22
TCP/IP, 17, 31
switched configuration
Network Agent, 55
system performance, maximizing
see maximizing system performance
system requirements, software, 18
R
RADIUS Agent
combined deployment, 34
DC Agent, 34
DC and Logon Agents, 34
eDirectory Agent, 34
defined, 13
multiple deployment, 33
OS requirements, 22
RADIUS Servers
supported, 22
server
limits, 32
software requirements, 22
supported servers, 22
Real-Time Analyzer
Policy Server limit, 27
Remote Filtering, 43
Client
defined, 13
OS requirements, 22
system recommendations, 43
Filtering Service limit, 27
Server
deployment recommendations,
OS requirements, 22
system recommendations
10000+ clients, 44
1-500 clients, 43
86
Websense
T
43
TCP/IP
support, 17
Transparent Identification Agents
combining, 33
deploying
XID
see Transparent Identification Agents
U
Universal integration,
Web Security and Websense Web Filter
81
Unix Log Server
defined, 15
Usage Monitor, 12
OS requirements, 23
Policy Server limit, 27
user identification
directory services, 31
User Service
OS requirements, 23
Policy Server limit, 27
software requirements, 23
users and requests per second,
V
visibility
Network Agent,
VMWare
network considerations,
25
W
40
Websense components defined, 11
Websense Content Gateway
integration, 63
Network Agent deployment, 60
Websense Manager, 12
OS requirements, 23
software requirements, 23
Windows
Active Directory, 31
NTLM-based directories, 31
28
Deployment Guide

87
88
Websense
Web Security and Websense Web Filter
Open as PDF
Similar pages