F3X25 Series Router User Manual

Siptune Oy
F3X25 Series Router
User Manual
Documentation No.
Product
Version
Product Name:
Page
Total:
F3X25 Series Router User
Manual
The user manual is suitable for the following model:
Model
F3125
F3225
F3325
F3425
F3525
F3625
F3725
F3825
F3A25
Product Type
GPRS ROUTER
CDMA ROUTER
EDGE ROUTER
WCDMA ROUTER
TD-SCDMA ROUTER
EVDO ROUTER
LTE/TD-SCDMA ROUTER
LTE/WCDMA ROUTER
LTE/EVDO ROUTER
F3X25 Series Router User Manual
Files Revised Record
Date
Version
Remark
Author
2012-09-16
V1.00
Initial Draft
ZYL
2012-11-1
V1.01
Add Packet Filter
PF
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Copyright Notice
All contents in the files are protected by copyright law, and all copyrights are reserved by Siptune
Oy Without written permission, all commercial use of the files from Yifan are forbidden, such as
copy, distribute, reproduce the files, etc., but non-commercial purpose, downloaded or printed by
individual (all files shall be not revised, and the copyright and other proprietorship notice shall be
reserved) are welcome.
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Contents
Chapter 1 Brief Introduction of Product.............................................................................................6
1.1 General.................................................................................................................................6
1.2 Features and Benefits...........................................................................................................6
1.3 Working Principle................................................................................................................7
1.4 Specifications.......................................................................................................................8
Chapter 2 Installation Introduction...................................................................................................12
2.1 General...............................................................................................................................12
2.2 Encasement List.................................................................................................................12
2.3 Installation and Cable Connection.....................................................................................12
2.4 Power..................................................................................................................................13
2.5 Indicator Lights Introduction.............................................................................................14
2.6 Reset Button Introduction..................................................................................................14
Chapter 3 Configuration and Management.......................................................................................15
3.1 Configuration Connection..................................................................................................15
3.2 Access the Configuration Web Page .................................................................................16
3.3 Management and configuration.........................................................................................18
3.3.1 Setting.......................................................................................................................18
3.3.2Services.....................................................................................................................25
3.3.3 VPN..........................................................................................................................30
3.3.4 Security.....................................................................................................................40
3.3.5 Access Restrictions..................................................................................................44
3.3.6 NAT..........................................................................................................................47
3.3.7 QoS Setting..............................................................................................................50
3.3.8Applications..............................................................................................................51
3.3.9 Administration .........................................................................................................52
3.3.10 Status......................................................................................................................57
Chapter 4 Appendix...........................................................................................................................66
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F3X25 Series Router User Manual
Chapter 1 Brief Introduction of Product
1.1 General
F3X25 series ROUTER is a kind of cellular terminal device that provides data transfer
function by public cellular network.
It adopts high-powered industrial 32-bits CPU and embedded real time operating system. It
supports RS232 (or RS485/RS422), Ethernet port that can conveniently and transparently connect
one device to a cellular network, allowing you to connect to your existing serial, Ethernet devices
with only basic configuration.
It has been widely used on M2M fields, such as intelligent transportation, smart grid,
industrial automation, telemetry, finance, POS, water supply, environment protection, post,
weather, and so on.
1.2 Features and Benefits
Design for Industrial Application
 High-powered industrial cellular module
 High-powered industrial 32bits CPU
 Support low-consumption mode, including sleep mode, scheduled online/offline mode,
scheduled power-on/power-off mode(optional)
 Housing: iron, providing IP30 protection.
 Power range: DC 5~35V
Stability and Reliability
 Support hardware and software WDT
 Support auto recovery mechanism, including online detect, auto redial when offline to make
router always online
 Ethernet port: 1.5KV magnetic isolation protection

RS232/RS485/RS422 port: 15KV ESD protection
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 SIM/UIM port: 15KV ESD protection
 Power port: reverse-voltage and overvoltage protection
 Antenna port: lightning protection(optional)
Standard and Convenience
 Support standard RS232(or RS485/RS422), Ethernet port that can connect to serial, Ethernet
devices directly
 Support intellectual mode, enter into communication state automatically when powered
 Provide management software for remote management
 Support several work modes
 Convenient configuration and maintenance interface(WEB or CLI)
High-performance
 Support 3G/HSPA/4G WAN access methods.
 Support VPN client(PPTP, L2TP, OPENVPN, IPSEC and GRE)(only for VPN version)
 Support VPN server(PPTP, L2TP, OPENVPN, IPSEC and GRE)(only for VPN version)
 Support local and remote firmware upgrade,import and export configure file.
 Support NTP, RTC embedded.
 Support mulitiple DDNS provider service.
 Support MAC Address clone, PPPoE Server
 Support multi online trigger ways, including SMS, ring and data. Support link disconnection
when timeout
 Support APN/VPDN
 Support DHCP server and client, firewall, NAT, DMZ host , URL block, QoS, ttraff,statistics,
real time link speed statistics etc.
 Full protocol support , such as TCP/IP, UDP, ICMP, SMTP, HTTP, POP3, OICQ, TELNET,
FTP, SNMP, SSHD, etc.
 Schedule Reboot, Schedule Online and Offline,etc.
1.3 Working Principle
The principle chart of the router is as following:
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Cellular Module
Embedded processing
system
DATA
Interface
User interface
Power
RS232 serial
Interface
10/100M Ethernet
Interface
Indicator lights
1.4 Specifications
Cellular Specification
Standard and Band
F3125 GPRS ROUTER
EGSM900/GSM1800MHz,
GSM850/900/1800/1900MHz
(optional)
Bandwidth
TX power
RX
sensitivity
85.6Kbps
GSM850/900:
<33dBm
<-107
dBm
Compliant to GSM phase 2/2+
GSM1800/1900
GPRS class 10, class 12(optional)
:<30dBm
F3225 CDMA ROUTER
CDMA2000 1xRTT 800MHz
800/1900MHz(optional)
450MHz(optional)
F3325 EDGE ROUTER
GSM850/900/1800/1900MHz
GPRS/EDGE Class 12
153.6Kbps
<30dBm
<-104
dBm
236.8Kbps
GSM850/900:
<33dBm
<-106
dBm
GSM1800/1900
:<30dBm
F3425 WCDMA&HSDPA&HSUPA ROUTER
UMTS/WCDMA/HSDPA/HSUPA
HSUPA:5.76Mbps
/HSPA+ 850/1900/2100MHz
(Upload speed)
850/900/1900/2100MHz(optional)
GSM850/900/1800/1900MHz
GPRS/EDGE CLASS 12
<24dBm
HSDPA:7.2Mbps
(Download speed)
UMTS:384Kbps (DL/UL)
HSPA+:
21 Mbps
(Download speed)
5.76Mbps
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Upload
<-109
dBm
F3X25 Series Router User Manual
speed)
F3525 TD-SCDMA ROUTER
TD-SCDMA/HSDPA/HSUPA /LTE
1880-1920/2010-2025MHz
GSM850/900/1800/1900MHz
GPRS/EDGE CLASS 12
Download speed:2.8Mbps
upload speed:2.2Mbps
<24dBm
<-108
dBm
<23dBm
<-104
dBm
<24dBm
<-106dBm
<32dBm
<-93.3dBm
LTE(Download
speed:100Mbps,
upload
speed:50Mbps)
F3625 CDMA2000 1X EVDO
CDMA2000 1X EVDO Rev A
800MHz,800/1900MHz(optional)
450MHz (optional)
Download speed:3.1Mbps
upload speed:1.8Mbps
EVDO Rev B(optional)
EVDO Rev B 800/1900MHz(optional)
Download
CDMA2000 1X RTT, IS-95 A/B
speed:14.7Mbps
upload speed:5.4Mbps
F3725 LTE/TD-SCMA ROUTER
LTE TDD 2600/2300MHz.
DCHSPA+/HSPA+/HSUPA/HSDPA/
UMTS 2100/900MHz
EDGE/GPRS/GSM
850/900/1800/1900MHz
LTE(Download
speed:68Mbps, upload
speed:17Mbps)
HSUPA:5.76Mbps(upl
oad speed)
HSDPA:14.4Mbps(Do
wnload speed)
HSPA+:
28Mbps(Download
speed)
F3825 LTE/WCDMA ROUTER
LTE FDD
2600/2100/1800/900/800MHz,
700/1700/2100MHz(optional)
HSPA+/HSDPA/HSUPA/WCDM
A
/UMTS900/2100MHz,
800/850/1900/2100MHz(optional)
EDGE/GPRS/GSM
900/1800/1900MHz
GPRS CLASS 10
GPRS CLASS 12
LTE(DL:100Mbps,UL
:50Mbps)
HSUPA:5.76Mbps(Up
load speed)
HSDPA:7.2Mbps(Do
wnload speed)
UMTS:384Kbps
(DL/UL)
HSPA+:
21Mbps(Download
speed)
5.76Mbps(Upload
speed)
F3A25 LTE&EVDO ROUTER
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LTE 700MHz
CDMA 1XRTT/EV 800/1900MHz
Hardware System
Item
CPU
FLASH
SDRAM
Interface Type
Item
Ethernet
Serial
LTE(DL:100Mbps,
UL:50Mbps)/
CDMA2000 1X
EVDO Rev A
(DL:3.1Mbps,UL:1.
8Mbps
<24dBm
<-93.3dBm
Content
Industrial 32bits CPU
8MB(Extendable to 64MB)
64MB
Content
1 10/100 Mbps Ethernet port(RJ45), auto MDI/MDIX, 1.5KV magnetic
isolation protection
1 RS232(or RS485/RS422) port, 15KV ESD protection
Data bits: 5, 6 ,7, 8
Stop bits: 1, 1.5(optional), 2
Parity: none, even, odd, (space, mark) (optional)
Baud rate: 2400~115200 bps
Indicator
Antenna
SIM/UIM
Power
Reset
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"Power", "System", "Online", "Link/ACT ", "Alarm","Signal Strength"
Standard SMA female interface, 50 ohm, lighting protection(optional)
Standard 3V/1.8V user card interface, 15KV ESD protection
Standard 3-PIN power jack, reverse-voltage and overvoltage protection
Restore the router to its original factory default settings
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F3X25 Series Router User Manual
Power Input
Item
Content
Standard Power DC 12V/1.5A
Power Range
DC 5~35V
Consumption
<450mA (12V)
Physical Characteristics
Item
Content
Housing
Iron, providing IP30 protection
Dimensions
157x97x25 mm
Weight
440g
Environmental Limits
Item
Content
Operating
-35~+75ºC(-31~+167℉)
Temperature
Storage
-40~+85ºC(-40~+185℉)
Temperature
Operating
95% ( Non-condensing)
Humidity
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Chapter 2 Installation Introduction
2.1 General
The router must be installed correctly to make it work properly.
Warning: Forbid to install the router when powered!
2.2 Encasement List
Name
Router host
Cellular antenna (Male SMA)
Network cable
Console cable
Power adapter
Manual CD
Certification card
Quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Maintenance card
1
Remark
optional
2.3 Installation and Cable Connection
Installation of SIM/UIM card:
Firstly power off the router, and press the out button of the SIM/UIM card outlet with a needle
object. Then the SIM/UIM card sheath will flick out at once. Put SIM/UIM card into the card
sheath (Pay attention to put the side which has metal point outside), and insert card sheath back to
the SIM/UIM card outlet.
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Warning: Forbid to install SIM/UIM card when powered!
Installation of antenna:
Screw the SMA male pin of the cellular antenna to the female SMA interface of the router
with sign “WWAN”.
Installation of cable:
Insert one end of the network cable into the switch interface with sign “Local Network”, and
insert the other end into the Ethernet interface of user’s device. The signal connection of network
direct cable is as follows:
RJ45-1
RJ45-2
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
Insert the RJ45 end of the console cable into the RJ45 outlet with sign “console”, and insert
the DB9F end of the console cable into the RS232 serial interface of user’s device.
The signal connection of the console cable is as follows:
RJ45
DB9F
1
8
2
6
3
2
4
1
5
5
6
3
7
4
8
7
The signal definition of the DB9F serial communication interface is as follows:
2.4 Power
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
RS232 signal name
DCD
RXD
TXD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
The direction for Router
output
output
input
input
output
input
output
The power range of the router is DC 5~35V.
Warning: When we use other power, we should make sure that the power can supply power
above 7W.
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We recommend user to use the standard DC 12V/1.5A power.
2.5 Indicator Lights Introduction
The router provides following indicator
“Link/ACT”,“Alarm”, “Signal Strength”.
Indicator
Light
Power
System
Online
Link/ACT
Alarm
Signal
Strength
lights:
“Power”,
“System”,
State
Introduction
ON
OFF
BLINK
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
Router is powered on
Router is powered off
System works properly
System does not work
Router has logged on network
Router hasn’t logged on network
The corresponding interface of switch is not
connected
The corresponding interface of switch is connected
/Communicating
Router has no alarm
SIM/UIM card does not work or the signal of the
antenna is week
Signal strength is weak
ON /
BLINK
OFF
ON
One Light
ON
Two Lights
ON
Three
Lights ON
“Online”,
Signal strength is medium
Signal strength is good
2.6 Reset Button Introduction
The router has a “Reset” button to restore it to its original factory default settings. When user
press the “Reset” button for up to 15s, the router will restore to its original factory default settings
and restart automatically.
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Chapter 3 Configuration and Management
This chapter describes how to configure and manage the router.
3.1 Configuration Connection
Before configuration, you should connect the router and your configuration PC with the
supplied network cable. Plug the cable’s one end into the Local Network port of the router, and
another end into your configure PC’s Ethernet port. The connection diagram is as following:
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Please modify the IP address of PC as the same network segment address of the router, for
instance, 192.168.1.9. Modify the mask code of PC as 255.255.255.0 and set the default gateway
of PC as the router’s IP address (192.168.1.2).
3.2 Access the Configuration Web Page
The chapter is to present main functions of each page. Users visit page tool via web browser
after connect users' PC to the router. There are eleven main pages: Setting, Wireless, Service,
VPN, Security, Access Restrictions, NAT, QoS Setting, Applications, Management and Status.
Users enable to browse slave pages by click one main page.
Users can open IE or other explorers and enter the router's default IP address of 192.168.1.2
on address bar, then press the botton of Enter to visit page Web management tool of the router.
The users login in the web page at the first name, there will display a page shows as blow to tip
users to modify the default user name and password of the router. Users have to click "change
password" to make it work if they modify user name and password.
After access to the information main page
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Users need to input user name and password if it is their first time to login.
Input correct user name and password to visit relevant menu page. Default user name is admin,
password is admin. (available to modify user name and password on management page, then click
submit)
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3.3 Management and configuration
3.3.1
Setting
The Setup screen is the first screen users will see when accessing the router. Most users will be
able to configure the router and get it work properly using only the settings on this screen. Some
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will require users to enter specific information, such as User
Name, Password, IP Address, Default Gateway Address, or DNS IP Address. These information
can be obtained from your ISP, if required.
3.3.1.1
Basic Setting
WAN Connection Type
Seven Ways: Disabled, 3G/UNMTS/4G/LTE
Disabled
Forbid the setting of WAN port connection type
3G/UMTS/4G/LTE
User Name: login users' ISP(Internet Service Provider)
Password: login users' ISP
Dial String: dial number of users' ISP
APN: access point name of users' ISP
PIN: PIN code of users' SIM card
Connection type
Connection type: Auto, Force 3G, Force 2G, Prefer 3G, Prefer 2G options. If using 4G module,
there has 4G network option. Users select different mode depending on their need
Keep Online
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This function is used to detect whether the Internet connection is active, if users set it and when
the router detect the connection is inactive, it will redial to users' ISP immediately to make the
connection active.
Detection Method:
None: do not set this function
Ping: Send ping packet to detect the connection, when choose this method, users should also
configure "Detection Interval", "Primary Detection Server IP" and "Backup Detection
Server IP" items.
Route: Detect connection with route method, when choose this method, users should also
configure "Detection Interval", "Primary Detection Server IP" and "Backup Detection
Server IP" items.
PPP: Detect connection with PPP method, when choose this method, users should also
configure "Detection Interval" item.
Detection Interval: time interval between two detections, unit is second
Primary Detection Server IP: the server used to response the router’s detection packet. This item
is only valid for method "Ping" and "Route".
Backup Detection Server IP: the server used to response the router’s detection packet. This item
is valid for method "Ping" and "Route".
Note: When users choose the “Route” or “Ping” method, it’s quite important to make sure
that the “Primary Detection Server IP” and “Backup Detection Server IP” are usable and stable,
because they have to response the detection packet frequently.
Force reconnect: this option schedules the pppoe or 3G reconnection by killing the pppd daemon
and restart it.
Time: needed time to reconnect
STP
STP (Spaning Tree Protocol) can be applied to loop network. Through certain algorithm achieves
path redundancy, and loop network cuts to tree-based network without loop in the meantime, thus
to avoid the hyperplasia and infinite circulation of a message in the loop network
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Optional Configuration
Router Name: set router name
Host Name: ISP provides
Domain Name: ISP provides
MTU: auto (1500) and manual (1200-1492 in PPPOE/PPTP/L2TP mode, 576-16320 in other
modes)
Router Internal Network Settings
Router IP
Local IP Address: IP address of the router
Subnet Mask: the subnet mask of the router
Gateway: set internal gateway of the router. If default, internal gateway is the address of the
router
Local DNS: DNS server is auto assigned by network operator server. Users enable to use their
own DNS server or other stable DNS servers, if not, keep it default
Network Address Server Settings (DHCP)
These settings for the router's Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server functionality
configuration. The Router can serve as a network DHCP server. DHCP server automatically
assigns an IP address for each computer in the network. If they choose to enable the router's
DHCP server option, users can set all the computers on the LAN to automatically obtain an IP
address and DNS, and make sure no other DHCP server in the network.
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DHCP Type: DHCP Server and DHCP Forwarder
Enter DHCP Server if set DHCP Type to DHCP Forwarder as blow:
DHCP Server: keep the default Enable to enable the router's DHCP server option. If users have
already have a DHCP server on their network or users do not want a DHCP server, then select
Disable
Start IP Address: enter a numerical value for the DHCP server to start with when issuing IP
addresses. Do not start with 192.168.1.2 (the router's own IP address).
Maximum DHCP Users: enter the maximum number of PCs that users want the DHCP server to
assign IP addresses to. The absolute maximum is 253 if 192.168.1.2 is users' starting IP address.
Client Lease Time: the Client Lease Time is the amount of time a network user will be allowed
connection to the router with their current dynamic IP address. Enter the amount of time, in
minutes, that the user will be "leased" this dynamic IP address.
Static DNS (1-3): the Domain Name System (DNS) is how the Internet translates domain or
website names into Internet addresses or URLs. Users' ISP will provide them with at least one
DNS Server IP address. If users wish to utilize another, enter that IP address in one of these fields.
Users can enter up to three DNS Server IP addresses here. The router will utilize them for quicker
access to functioning DNS servers.
WINS: the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) manages each PC's interaction with the
Internet. If users use a WINS server, enter that server's IP address here. Otherwise, leave it blank.
DNSMasq: users' domain name in the field of local search, increase the expansion of the host
option, to adopt DNSMasq can assign IP addresses and DNS for the subnet, if select
DNSMasq, dhcpd service is used for the subnet IP address and DNS.
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Time Settings
Select time zone of your location. To use local time, leave the checkmark in the box next to Use
local time.
NTP Client: Get the system time from NTP server
Time Zone: Time zone options
Summer Time (DST): set it depends on users' location
Server IP/Name: IP address of NTP server, up to 32 characters. If blank, the system will find a
server by default
Adjust Time
To adjust time by the system and refresh to get the time of the web, user can set to modify the
time of the system. They can change to adjust time by manual to achieve adjust time by the
system if the system fails to get NTP server
3.3.1.2
Dynamic DNS
If user's network has a permanently assigned IP address, users can register a domain name
and have that name linked with their IP address by public Domain Name Servers (DNS).
However, if their Internet account uses a dynamically assigned IP address, users will not
know in advance what their IP address will be, and the address can change frequently. In this
case, users can use a commercial dynamic DNS service, which allows them to register their
domain to their IP address, and will forward traffic directed at their domain to their
frequently-changing IP address.
DDNS Service: Yifan router currently support DynDNS, freedns, Zoneedit, NO-IP, 3322,
easyDNS, TZO, DynSIP and Custom based on the user.
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User Name: users register in DDNS server, up to 64 characteristic
Password: password for the user name that users register in DDNS server, up to 32 characteristic
Host Name: users register in DDNS server, no limited for input characteristic for now
Type: depends on the server
Wildcard: support wildcard or not, the default is OFF. ON means *.host.3322.org is equal to
host.3322.org
Do not use external ip check: enable or disable the function of 'do not use external ip check'
Force Update Interval: unit is day, try forcing the update dynamic DNS to the server by setted
days
Status
DDNS Status shows connection log information
3.3.1.3
Clone MAC Address
Some ISP need the users to register their MAC address. The users can clone the router MAC
address to their MAC address registered in ISP if they do not want to re-register their MAC
address
Clone MAC address can clone two parts: Clone LAN MAC, Clone WAN MAC
Noted that one MAC address is 48 characteristic, can not be set to the multicast address, the first
byte must be even.
3.3.1.4 Advanced Router
Operating Mode: Gateway and Router
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If the router is hosting users' Internet connection, select Gateway mode. If another router exists on
their network, select Router mode.
Dynamic Routing
Dynamic Routing enables the router to automatically adjust to physical changes in the network's
layout and exchange routing tables with other routers. The router determines the network packets’
route based on the fewest number of hops between the source and destination.
To enable the Dynamic Routing feature for the WAN side, select WAN. To enable this feature for
the LAN and wireless side, select LAN&WLAN. To enable the feature for both the WAN and
LAN, select Both. To disable the Dynamic Routing feature for all data transmissions, keep the
default setting, Disable.
Note:Dynamic Routing is not available in Gateway mode
Static Routing
Select set number: 1-50
Route Name: defined routing name by users, up to 25 characters
Metric: 0-9999
Destination LAN NET: the Destination IP Address is the address of the network or host to which
users want to assign a static route
Subnet Mask: the Subnet Mask determines which portion of an IP address is the network portion,
and which portion is the host portion
Gateway: IP address of the gateway device that allows for contact between the router and the
network or host.
Interface: indicate users whether the Destination IP Address is on the LAN & WLAN (internal
wired and wireless networks), the WAN (Internet), or Loopback (a dummy network in which one
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PC acts like a network, necessary for certain software programs)
Show Routing Table
3.3.2 Services
3.3.2.1
Services
DHCP Client
Set Vendorclass: the DHCP server can automatically identify the specific identifier of the
computer running certain operating systems to send, such as the DHCP server can identify the
DHCP client running the operating systerm is Windows 2000 or Windows 98.
Identification identifier DHCP option can be assigned to DHCP clients based on specific operating
system.
Request IP: IP address of the request
DHCP Server
DHCPd assigns IP addresses to users local devices. While the main configuration is on the setup
page users can program some nifty special functions here.
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Use NVRAM for client lease DB: users can store data to the system NVRAM area is enabled
Used domain: users can select here which domain the DHCP clients should get as their local
domain. This can be the WAN domain set on the Setup screen or the LAN domain which can be
set here.
LAN Domain: users can define here their local LAN domain which is used as local domain for
DNSmasq and DHCP service if chose above.
Static Leases: if users want to assign certain hosts a specific address then they can define them
here. This is also the way to add hosts with a fixed address to the router's local DNS service
(DNSmasq).
Additional DHCPd Options: some extra options users can set by entering them
DNSMasq
DNSmasq is a local DNS server. It will resolve all host names known to the router from dhcp
(dynamic and static) as well as forwarding and caching DNS entries from remote DNS servers.
Local DNS enables DHCP clients on the LAN to resolve static and dynamic DHCP hostnames.
Local DNS: enables DHCP clients on the LAN to resolve static and dynamic DHCP hostnames
No DNS Rebind: when enabled, it can prevent an external attacker to access the router's internal
Web interface. It is a security measure
Additional DNSMasq Options: some extra options users can set by entering them in Additional
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DNS Options.
For example:
static allocation: dhcp-host=AB:CD:EF:11:22:33,192.168.0.10,myhost,myhost.domain,12h
max lease number: dhcp-lease-max=2
DHCP server IP range: dhcp-range=192.168.0.110,192.168.0.111,12h
SNMP
Location: equipment location
Contact: contact this equipment management
Name: device name
RO Community: SNMP RO community name, the default is public, Only to read.
RW Community: SNMP RW community name, the default is private, Read-write permissions
SSHD
Enabling SSHd allows users to access the Linux OS of their router with an SSH client
SSH TCP Forwarding: enable or disable to support the TCP forwarding
Password Login: allows login with the router password (username is admin)
Port: port number for SSHd (default is 22)
Authorized Keys: here users paste their public keys to enable key-based login (more secure than
a simple password)
System log
Enable Syslogd to capture system messages. By default they will be collected in the local file
/var/log/messages. To send them to another system, enter the IP address of a remote syslog server.
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Syslog Out Mode: two log mode
Net: the log information output to a syslog server
Console: the log information output to console port
Remote Server: if choose net mode, users should input a syslog server’s IP Address and run a
syslog server program on it.
Telnet
Telnet: enable a telnet server to connect to the router with telnet. The username is admin and the
password is the router's password.
Note: If users use the router in an untrusted environment (for example as a public hotspot), it is
strongly recommended to use SSHd and deactivate telnet.
WAN Traffic Counter
Ttraff Daemon: enable or disable wan traffic counter function
3.3.2.2
PPPoE Server
PPPoE Server
RP-PPPoEServer Daemon: enable or disable PPPoE server
RP-PPPoEServer Options
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PPPOE Server Inferface: PPPoE server interface to the outside, only to support the LAN port
Client IP(s): IP range assigns to the PPPoE client in the format: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx-xxx
Deflate Compression: enable or disable Deflate Compression
BSD Compression: enable or disable BSD Compression
LZS Stac Compression: enable or disable LZS Stac Compression
MPPC Compression: enable or disable MPPC Compression
MPPE PPPoE Encryption: enable or disable MPPE PPPoE Encryption
Session Limit per MAC: default is 10
LCP Echo Interval: time interval to set the the LCP calibration phase response
LCP Echo Failure: release PPPoE over failure times, the PPPoE client will need to reconnect
Idle Time: set idle time, idle time at the appropriate time to release the PPPoE
Authentication: including local and Radius (Remote Authentication Dial In User)
Local User Management(CHAP Secrets)
User: set PPPOE client's user name
Password: set PPPOE client's user password
IP Address: set PPPOE client's user IP address
Enable: enable or disable this setting
Radius
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Radius Server IP: set the Remote Authentication Dial In User-Server IP
Radius Authentication Port: set the Remote Authentication Dial in User-Authentication Port
Radius Accounting Port: set the Remote Authentication Dial in User-Accounting Port
Radius Shared Key: transactions between the client and RADIUS accounting server are
authenticated through the use of a shared secret, which is never sent over the network.
3.3.3
VPN
3.3.3.1
PPTP
PPTP Server
Broadcast support: enable or disable broadcast support of PPTP server
Force MPPE Encryption: enable of disable force MPPE encryption of PPTP data
DNS1/DNS2/WINS1/WINS2: set DNS1/DNS2/WINS1/WINS2
Server IP: input IP address of the router as PPTP server, differ from LAN address
Client IP(s): IP address assigns to the client, the format is xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx-xxx
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CHAP Secrets: user name and password of the client using PPTP service
Note: client IP must be different with IP assigned by router DHCP.
The format of CHAP Secrets is user * password *.
PPTP Client
Server IP or DNS Name: PPTP server’s IP Address or DNS Name
Remote Subnet: the network of the remote PPTP server
Remote Subnet Mask: subnet mask of remote PPTP server
MPPE Encryption: enable or disable Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption。
MTU: maximum Transmission Unit
MRU: maximum Receive Unit
NAT: network Address Translation
User Name: user name to login PPTP Server.
Password: password to log into PPTP Server.
3.3.3.2
L2TP
L2TP Server
Force MPPE Encryption: enable or disable force MPPE encryption of L2TP data
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Server IP: input IP address of the router as PPTP server, differ from LAN address
Client IP(s): IP address assigns to the client, the format is xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx-xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
CHAP Secrets: user name and password of the client using L2TP service
Note: client IP must be different with IP assigned by router DHCP.
The format of CHAP Secrets is user * password *.
L2TP Client
Gateway(L2TP Server): L2TP server’s IP Address or DNS Name
Remote Subnet: the network of remote PPTP server
Remote Subnet Mask: subnet mask of remote PPTP server
MPPE Encryption: enable or disable Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption
MTU: maximum transmission unit
MRU: maximum receive unit
NAT: network address translation
User Name: user name to login L2TP Server
Password: password to login L2TP Server
Require CHAP: enable or disable support chap authentication protocol
Refuse PAP: enable or disable refuse to support the pap authentication
Require Authentication: enable or disable support authentication protocol
3.3.3.3
OPENVPN
OPENVPN Server
Start Type: WAN UP----start after on-line, System----start when boot up
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Config via: GUI----Page configuration, Config File----config File configuration
Server mode: Router (TUN)-route mode, Bridge (TAP)----bridge mode
Router (TUN):
Network: network address allowed by OPENVPN server
Netmask: netmask allowed by OPENVPN server
Bridge (TAP):
DHCP-Proxy mode: enable or disable DHCP-Proxy mode
Pool start IP: pool start IP of the client allowed by OPENVPN server
Pool end IP: pool end IP of the client allowed by OPENVPN server
Gateway: the gateway of the client allowed by OPENVPN server
Netmask: netmask of the client allowed by OPENVPN server
Port: listen port of OPENVPN server
Tunnel Protocol: UCP or TCP of OPENVPN tunnel protocol
Encryption Cipher: Blowfish CBC,AES-128 CBC,AES-192 CBC,AES-256 CBC,AES512 CBC
Hash Algorithm: Hash algorithm provides a method of quick access to data, including
SHA1,SHA256,SHA512,MD5
Advanced Options
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Use LZO Compression: enable or disable use LZO compression for data transfer
Redirect default Gateway: enable or disable redirect default gateway
Allow Client to Client: enable or disable allow client to client
Allow duplicate cn: enable or disable allow duplicate cn
TUN MTU Setting: set the value of TUN MTU
TCP MSS: MSS of TCP data
TLS Cipher: TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption standard supports AES-128 SHA and
AES-256 SHA
Client connect script: define some client script by user self
CA Cert: CA certificate
Public Server Cert: server certificate
Private Server Key: the key seted by the server
DH PEM: PEM of the server
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Additional Config: additional configurations of the server
CCD-Dir DEFAULT file: other file approaches
TLS Auth Key: authority key of Transport Layer Security
Certificate Revoke List: configure some revoke certificates
OPENVPN Client
Server IP/Name: IP address or domain name of OPENVPN server
Port: listen port of OPENVPN client
Tunnel Device: TUN----Router mode, TAP----Bridge mode
Tunnel Protocol: UDP and TCP protocol
Encryption Cipher: Blowfish CBC,AES-128 CBC,AES-192 CBC,AES-256 CBC,AES512 CBC
Hash Algorithm: Hash algorithm provides a method of quick access to data, including SHA1,
SHA256, SHA512, MD5
nsCertType verification: support ns certificate type
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Use LZO Compression: enable or disable use LZO compression for data transfer
NAT: enable or disable NAT through function
Bridge TAP to br0: enable or disable bridge TAP to br0
Local IP Address: set IP address of local OPENVPN client
TUN MTU Setting: set MTU value of the tunnel
TCP MSS: mss of TCP data
TLS Cipher: TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption standard supports AES-128 SHA and
AES-256 SHA
TLS Auth Key: authority key of Transport Layer Security
Additional Config: additional configurations of OPENVPN server
Policy based Routing: input some defined routing policy
CA Cert: CA certificate
Public Client Cert: client certificate
Private Client Key: client key
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3.3.3.4
IPSEC
Connect Status and Control
Show IPSEC connection and status of current router on IPSEC page.
Name: the name of IPSEC connection
Type: The type and function of current IPSEC connection
Common name: local subnet, local address, opposite end address and opposite end subnet of
current connection
Status: connection status: closed, negotiating, establish
Closed: this connection does not launch a connection request to opposite end
Negotiating: this connection launch a request to opposite end, is under negotiating, the
connection has not been established yet
Establish: the connection has been established, enabled to use this tunnel
Action: the action of this connection, current is to delete, edit, reconnect and enable
Delete: to delete the connection, also will delete IPSEC if IPSEC has set up
Edit: to edit the configure information of this connection, reload this connection to make
the configuration effect after edit
Reconnect: this action will remove current tunnel, and re-launch tunnel establish request
Enable: when the connection is enable, it will launch tunnel establish request when the
system reboot or reconnect, otherwise the connection will not do it
Add: to add a new IPSEC connection
Add IPSEC connection or edit IPSEC connection
Type: to choose IPSEC mode and relevant functions in this part, supports tunnel mode client,
tunnel mode server and transfer mode currently
Connection: this part contains basic address information of the tunnel
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Name: to indicate this connection name, must be unique
Enabled: If enable, the connection will send tunnel connection request when it is reboot or reconnection, otherwise it is no need if disable
Local WAN Interface: local addresss of the tunnel
Remote Host Address: IP/domain name of end opposite; this option can not fill in if using tunnel
mode server
Local Subnet: IPSec local protects subnet and subnet mask, i.e. 192.168.1.0/24; this option can
not fill in if using transfer mode
Remote Subnet: IPSec opposite end protects subnet and subnet mask, i.e.192.168.7.0/24; this
option can not fill in if using transfer mode
Local ID: tunnel local end identification, IP and domain name are available
Remote ID: tunnel opposite end identification, IP and domain name are available
Detection: this part contains configure information of connection detection
Enable DPD Detection: enable or disable this function, tick means enable
Time Interval: set time interval of connect detection (DPD)
Timeout: set the timeout of connect detection
Action: set the action of connect detection
Advanced Settings: this part contains relevant setting of IKE, ESP, negotiation mode, etc.
Enable Advanced Settings: enable to configure 1st and 2nd phase information, otherwise it
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will automic negotiation according to opposite end
IKE Encryption: IKE phased encryption mode
IKE Integrity: IKE phased integrity solution
IKE Grouptype: DH exchange algorithm
IKE Lifetime: set IKE lifetime, current unit is hour, the default is 0
ESP Encryption: ESP encryption type
ESP Integrity: ESP integrity solution
ESP Keylife: set ESP keylife, current unit is hour, the default is 0
IKE aggressive mode allowed: negotiation mode adopt aggressive mode if tick; it is main
mode if non-tick
Negotiate payload compression: Tick to enable PFS, non-tick to diable PFS
Authentication: choose use share encryption option or certificate authentication option. Current
is only to choose use share encryption option.
3.3.3.5
GRE
GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation, Generic Routing Encapsulation) protocol is a network
layer protocol (such as IP and IPX) data packets are encapsulated, so these encapsulated data
packets to another network layer protocol (IP)transmission. GRE Tunnel (tunnel) technology,
Layer Two Tunneling Protocol VPN (Virtual Private Network).
GRE Tunnel: enable or disable GRE function
Number:Switch on/off GRE tunnel app
Status:Switch on/off someone GRE tunnel app
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Name:GRE tunnel name
Through:The GRE packet transmit interface
Peer Wan IP Addr:The remote WAN address
Peer Subnet:The remote gateway local subnet, eg: 192.168.1.0/24
Peer Tunnel IP:The remote tunnel ip address
Local Tunnel IP:The local tunnel ip address
Local Netmask:Netmask of local network
Keepalive:Enable or disable GRE Keepalive function
Retry times:GRE keepalive detect fail retries
Interval:The time interval of GRE keepalive packet sent
Fail Action:The action would be exec after keeping alive failed
Click on “View GRE tunnels” keys can view the information of GRE
3.3.4
3.3.4.1
Security
Firewall
You can enable or disable the firewall, filter specific Internet data types,and prevent
anonymous Internet requests,ultimately enhance network security.
Firewall Protection
Firewall enhance network security and use SPI to check the packets into the network.To use
firewall protection, choose to enable otherwise disabled. Only enable the SPI firewall, you can use
other firewall functions: filtering proxy, block WAN requests, etc.
Additional Filters
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Filter Proxy: Wan proxy server may reduce the security of the gateway, Filtering Proxy will
refuse any access to any wan proxy server. Click the check box to enable the function otherwise
disabled.
Filter Cookies: Cookies are the website of data the data stored on your computer.When you
interact with the site ,the cookies will be used. Click the check box to enable the function
otherwise disabled.
Filter Java Applets: If refuse to Java, you may not be able to open web pages using the Java
programming.. Click the check box to enable the function otherwise disabled.
Filter ActiveX: If refuse to ActiveX, you may not be able to open web pages using the ActiveX
programming. Click the check box to enable the function otherwise disabled.
Prevent WAN Request
Block Anonymous WAN Requests (ping): By selecting “Block Anonymous WAN Requests
(ping)” box to enable this feature, you can prevent your network from the Ping or detection of
other Internet users. so that make More difficult to break into your network. The default state of
this feature is enabled ,choose to disable allow anonymous Internet requests.
Filter IDENT (Port 113): Enable this feature can prevent port 113 from being scaned from
outside. Click the check box to enable the function otherwise disabled.
Block WAN SNMP access: This feature prevents the SNMP connection requests from the WAN.
After Complete the changes, click the Save Settings button to save your changes. Click the
Cancel Changes button to cancel unsaved changes.
Impede WAN DoS/Bruteforce
Limit ssh Access: This feature limits the access request from the WAN by ssh, and per minute up
to accept two connection requests on the same IP. Any new access request will be automatically
dropped.
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Limit Telnet Access: This feature limits the access request from the WAN by Telnet, and per
minute up to accept two connection requests on the same IP. Any new access request will be
automatically dropped.
Limit PPTP Server Access: When build a PPTP Server in the router,this feature limits the access
request from the WAN by ssh, and per minute up to accept two connection requests on the same IP
. Any new access request will be automatically dropped.
Limit L2TP Server Access: When build a L2TP Server in the router, this feature limits the access
request from the WAN by ssh, and per minute up to accept two connection requests on the same
IP. Any new access request will be automatically dropped.
Log Management
The router can keep logs of all incoming or outgoing traffic for your Internet connection.
Log: To keep activity logs, select Enable. To stop logging, select Disable. When select enable, the
following page will appear.
Log Level: Set this to the required log level. Set Log Level higher to log more actions.
Options: When select Enable, the corresponding connection will be recorded in the journal, the
disabled are not recorded.
Incoming Log: To see a temporary log of the Router's most recent incoming traffic, click the
Incoming Log button.
Outgoing Log: To see a temporary log of the Router's most recent outgoing traffic, click the
Outgoing Log button.
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Click the Save Settings button to save your changes. Click the Cancel Changes button to cancel
unsaved changes.
3.3.4.2
VPN Passthrough
Virtual Private Networking (VPN) is typically used for work-related networking. For VPN tunnels,
the router supports OPENVPN Passthrough, PPTP Passthrough and L2TP Passthrough.
IPSec Passthrough:Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) is a suite of protocols used to implement
secure exchange of packets at the IP layer. To allow IPSec tunnels to pass through the router,
IPSec Passthrough is enabled by default. To disable IPSec Passthrough, select Disable.
PPTP Passthrough : Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol is the method used to enable VPN
sessions to a Windows NT 4.0 or 2000 server. To allow PPTP tunnels to pass through the router,
PPTP Passthrough is enabled by default. To disable PPTP Passthrough, select Disable.
L2TP Passthrough : Layer Two (2) Tunneling Protocol, an extension to the PPP protocol that
enables ISPs to operate Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). L2TP merges the best features of two
other tunneling protocols: PPTP from Microsoft and L2F from Cisco Systems. To allow L2TP
tunnels to pass through the router, L2TP Passthrough is enabled by default. To disable L2TP
Passthrough, select Disable.
Click the Save Settings button to save your changes. Click the Cancel Changes button to cancel
unsaved changes.
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3.3.5
3.3.5.1
Access Restrictions
WAN Access
Use access restrictions, you can block or allow specific types of Internet applications. You
can set specific PC-based Internet access policies. This feature allows you to customize up to ten
different Internet Access Policies for particular PCs, which are identified by their IP or MAC
addresses.
Two options in the default policy rules: "Filter" and "reject". If select "Deny”, you will deny
specific computers to access any Internet service at a particular time period. If you choose to
"filter",It will block specific computers to access the specific sites at a specific time period. You
can set up 10 Internet access policies filtering specific PCs access Internet services at a particular
time period.
Access Policy: You may define up to 10 access policies. Click Delete to delete a policy or
Summary to see a summary of the policy.
Status: Enable or disable a policy.
Policy Name: You may assign a name to your policy.
PCs: The part is used to edit client list, the strategy is only effective for the PC in the list.
Days: Choose the day of the week you would like your policy to be applied.
Times: Enter the time of the day you would like your policy to be applied.
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Website Blocking by URL Address: You can block access to certain websites by entering their
URL.
Website Blocking by Keyword: You can block access to certain website by the keywords
contained in their webpage
set up Internet access policy
1. Select the policy number (1-10) in the drop-down menu.
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2.
3.
4.
5.
For this policy is enabled, click the radio button next to "Enable"
Enter a name in the Policy Name field.
Click the Edit List of PCs button.
On the List of PCs screen, specify PCs by IP address or MAC address. Enter the appropriate
IP addresses into the IP fields. If you have a range of IP addresses to filter, complete the
appropriate IP Range fields. Enter the appropriate MAC addresses into the MAC fields.
6. Click the Apply button to save your changes. Click the Cancel button to cancel your unsaved
changes. Click the Close button to return to the Filters screen.
7. If you want to block the listed PCs from Internet access during the designated days and time,
then keep the default setting, Deny. If you want the listed PCs to have Internet filtered during
the designated days and time, then click the radio button next to Filter.
8. Set the days when access will be filtered. Select Everyday or the appropriate days of the
week.
9. Set the time when access will be filtered. Select 24 Hours, or check the box next to From and
use the drop-down boxes to designate a specific time period.
10. Click the Add to Policy button to save your changes and active it.
11. To create or edit additional policies, repeat steps 1-9.
12. To delete an Internet Access Policy, select the policy number, and click the Delete button.
Note:
1) The default factory value of policy rules is "filtered". If the user chooses the default
policy rules for "refuse", and editing strategies to save or directly to save the settings. If
the strategy edited is the first, it will be automatically saved into the second, if not the
first, keep the original number.
2) Turn off the power of the router or reboot the router can cause a temporary failure。After
the failure of the router, if can not automatically synchronized NTP time server, you need
to recalibrate to ensure the correct implementation of the relevant period control function.
3.3.5.2
Packet Filter
To block some packets getting Internet access or block some Internet packets getting local
network access, you can configure filter items to block these packets.
Packet Filter
Packet filter function is realized based on IP address or port of packets.
Enable Packet Filter: Enable or disable “packet filter” function
Policy: The filter rule’s policy, you can choose the following options
Discard The Following--Discard packets conform to the following rules, Accept all other packets
Only Accept The Following-- Accept only the data packets conform to the following rules,
Discard all other packets
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Direction
input: packet from WAN to LAN
output: packet from LAN to WAN
Protocol: packet protocol type
Source Ports: packet's source port
Destination Ports: packet's destination port
Source IP: packet's source IP address
Destination IP: packet's destination IP address
Note: "Source Port" ,"Destination Port" ,"Source IP" ,"Destination IP" could not be all empty ,you
have to input at least one of these four parameters.
3.3.6
3.3.6.1
NAT
Port Forwarding
Port Forwarding allows you to set up public services on your network, such as web servers,
ftp servers, e-mail servers, or other specialized Internet applications. Specialized Internet
applications are any applications that use Internet access to perform functions such as
videoconferencing or online gaming. When users send this type of request to your network via the
Internet, the router will forward those requests to the appropriate PC. If you want to forward a
whole range of ports, see Port Range Forwarding.
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Application: Enter the name of the application in the field provided.
Protocol: Chose the right protocol TCP,UDP or Both. Set this to what the application requires.
Source Net: Forward only if sender matches this ip/net (example 192.168.1.0/24).
Port from: Enter the number of the external port (the port number seen by users on the Internet).
IP Address: Enter the IP Address of the PC running the application.
Port to: Enter the number of the internal port (the port number used by the application).
Enable: Click the Enable checkbox to enable port forwarding for the application.
Check all values and click Save Settings to save your settings. Click the Cancel changes
button to cancel your unsaved changes.
3.3.6.2
Port Range Forward
Port Range Forwarding allows you to set up public services on your network, such as web
servers, ftp servers, e-mail servers, or other specialized Internet applications. Specialized Internet
applications are any applications that use Internet access to perform functions such as
videoconferencing or online gaming. When users send this type of request to your network via the
Internet, the router will forward those requests to the appropriate PC. If you only want to forward
a single port, see Port Forwarding.
Application: Enter the name of the application in the field provided.
Start:Enter the number of the first port of the range you want to seen by users on the Internet and
forwarded to your PC.
End: Enter the number of the last port of the range you want to seen by users on the Internet and
forwarded to your PC.
Protocol: Chose the right protocol TCP,UDP or Both. Set this to what the application requires.
IP Address: Enter the IP Address of the PC running the application.
Enable: Click the Enable checkbox to enable port forwarding for the application.
Check all values and click Save Settings to save your settings. Click the Cancel changes
button to cancel your unsaved changes.
3.3.6.3
Port Triggering
Port Triggering allows you to do port forwarding without setting a fixed PC. By setting Port
Triggering rules, you can allow inbound traffic to arrive at a specific LAN host, using ports
different than those used for the outbound traffic. This is called port triggering since the outbound
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traffic triggers to which ports inbound traffic is directed.
If you want to forward ports to a PC with a static IP address, see Port Forwarding or Port
Range Forwarding.
Application: Enter the name of the application in the field provided.
Triggered Port Range: Enter the number of the first and the last port of the range, which should
be triggered. If a PC sends outbound traffic from those ports, incoming traffic on the Forwarded
Range will be forwarded to that PC.
Forwarded Port Range: Enter the number of the first and the last port of the range, which should
be forwarded from the Internet to the PC, which has triggered the Triggered Range.
Enable :Click the Enable checkbox to enable port triggering for the application.
Check all values and click Save Settings to save your settings. Click the Cancel changes
button to cancel your unsaved changes.
3.3.6.4
DMZ
The DMZ (DeMilitarized Zone) hosting feature allows one local user to be exposed to the
Internet for use of a special-purpose service such as Internet gaming or videoconferencing. DMZ
hosting forwards all the ports at the same time to one PC. The Port Forwarding feature is more
secure because it only opens the ports you want to have opened, while DMZ hosting opens all the
ports of one computer, exposing the computer so the Internet can see it.
Any PC whose port is being forwarded must should have a new static IP address assigned to
it because its IP address may change when using the DHCP function.
DMZ Host IP Address: To expose one PC to the Internet, select Enable and enter the computer's
IP address in the DMZ Host IP Address field. To disable the DMZ, keep the default setting :
Disable
Check all values and click Save Settings to save your settings. Click the Cancel changes
button to cancel your unsaved changes.
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3.3.7
QoS Setting
3.3.7.1 Basic
Bandwidth management prioritizes the traffic on your router. Interactive traffic (telephony,
browsing, telnet, etc.) gets priority and bulk traffic (file transfer, P2P) gets low priority. The main
goal is to allow both types to live side-by side without unimportant traffic disturbing more critical
things. All of this is more or less automatic.
QoS allows control of the bandwidth allocation to different services, netmasks, MAC
addresses and the four LAN ports.
Uplink (kbps):In order to use bandwidth management (QoS) you must enter bandwidth values
for your uplink. These are generally 80% to 90% of your maximum bandwidth.
Downlink (kbps) : In order to use bandwidth management (QoS) you must enter bandwidth
values for your downlink. These are generally 80% to 90% of your maximum bandwidth.
3.3.7.2 Classify
Netmask Priority
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You may specify priority for all traffic from a given IP address or IP Range.
Check all values and click Save Settings to save your settings. Click the Cancel changes button
to cancel your unsaved changes.
3.3.8 Applications
3.3.8.1
Serial Applications
There is a console port on Yifan router. Normally, this port is used to debug the router. This port
can also be used as a serial port. The router has embedded a serial to TCP program. The data sent
to the serial port is encapsulated by TCP/IP protocol stack and then is sent to the destination
server. This function can work as a Yifan DTU (Data Terminal Unit). Please contact us for more
information about this product.
Baudrate: The serial port’s baudrate
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Databit: The serial port’s databit
Parity: The serial port’s parity
Stopbit: The serial port’s stopbit
Flow Control: The serial port’s flow control type.
Enable Serial TCP Function: Enable the serial to TCP function
Protocol Type: The protocol type to transmit data.
UDP(DTU) – Data transmit with UDP protocol , work as a Yifan DTU which
has application protocol and hear beat mechanism.
Pure UDP – Data transmit with standard UDP protocol.
TCP(DTU) -- Data transmit with TCP protocol , work as a Yifan DTU which
has application protocol and hear beat mechanism.
Pure TCP -- Data transmit with standard TCP protocol, router is the client.
TCP Server -- Data transmit with standard TCP protocol, router is the server.
TCST -- Data transmit with TCP protocol, Using a custom data
Server Address: The data service center’s IP Address or domain name.
Server Port: The data service center’s listening port.
Device ID: The router’s identity ID.
Device Number: The router’s phone number.
Heartbeat Interval: The time interval to send heart beat packet. This item is valid only when
you choose UDP(DTU) or TCP(DTU) protocol type.
TCP Server Listen Port: This item is valid when Protocol Type is “TCP Server”
Custom Heartbeat Packet : This item is valid when Protocol Type is “TCST”
Custom Registration Packets: This item is valid when Protocol Type is “TCST”
3.3.9
3.3.9.1
Administration
Management
The Management screen allows you to change the router's settings. On this page you will find
most of the configurable items of the router code.
The new password must not exceed 32 characters in length and must not include any spaces.
Enter the new password a second time to confirm it.
Note:
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Default username is admin.
It is strongly recommended that you change the factory default password of the router, which
is admin. All users who try to access the router's web-based utility or Setup Wizard will be
prompted for the router's password.
Web Access
This feature allows you to manage the router using either HTTP protocol or the HTTPS protocol.
If you choose to disable this feature, a manual reboot will be required.You can also activate or not
the router information web page. It's now possible to password protect this page (same username
and password than above).
Protocol : This feature allows you to manage the router using either HTTP protocol or the
HTTPS protocol
Auto-Refresh : Adjusts the Web GUI automatic refresh interval. 0 disables this feature
completely
Enable Info Site:Enable or disable the login system information page
Info Site Password Protection:Enable or disable the password protection feature of the system
information page
Remote Access : This feature allows you to manage the router from a remote location, via the
Internet. To disable this feature, keep the default setting, Disable. To enable this feature, select
Enable, and use the specified port (default is 8080) on your PC to remotely manage the router. You
must also change the router's default password to one of your own, if you haven't already.
To remotely manage the router, enter http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080 (the x's represent the router's
Internet IP address, and 8080 represents the specified port) in your web browser's address field.
You will be asked for the router's password.
If you use https you need to specify the url as https://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080 (not all firmwares
does support this without rebuilding with SSL support).
SSH Management : You can also enable SSH to remotely access the router by Secure Shell.
Note that SSH daemon needs to be enable in Services page.
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Note:
If the Remote Router Access feature is enabled, anyone who knows the router's Internet IP
address and password will be able to alter the router's settings.
Telnet Management:Enable or disable remote Telnet function
Cron : The cron subsystem schedules execution of Linux commands. You'll need to use the
command line or startup scripts to actually use this.
802.1x : A limited 802.1x server needed to fulfill WPA handshake requirements to allow
Windows XP clients to work with WPA.
Routing:Routing enables the OSPF and RIP routing daemons if you have set up OSPF or RIP
routing in the Advanced Routing page.。
Language:Set up the router page shows the type of language, including simplified Chinese and
English.
IP Filter Settings (adjust these for P2P) : If you have any peer-to-peer (P2P) applications
running on your network please increase the maximum ports and lower the TCP/UDP timeouts.
This is necessary to maintain router stability because peer-to-peer applications open many
connections and don't close them properly. Consider using these:
Maximum Ports: 4096
TCP Timeout: 3600 sec
UDP Timeout: 120 sec
3.3.9.2
Keep Alive
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Schedule Reboot
You can schedule regular reboots for the router :
Regularly after xxx seconds.
At a specific date time each week or everyday.
Note:
For date based reboots Cron must be activated. See Management for Cron activation.
3.3.9.3
Commands
Commands:You are able to run command lines directly via the Webinterface.
Run Command:You can run command lines via the web interface. Fill the text area with your
command and click Run Commands to submit.
Startup:You can save some command lines to be executed at startup's router. Fill the text area
with commands (only one command by row) and click Save Startup.
Shutdown:You can save some command lines to be executed at shutdown's router. Fill the text
area with commands (only one command by row) and click Save Shutdown.
Firewall:Each time the firewall is started, it can run some custom iptables instructions. Fill the
text area with firewall's instructions (only one command by row) and click Save Firewall.
Custom Script:Custom script is stored in /tmp/custom.sh file. You can run it manually or use
cron to call it. Fill the text area with script's instructions (only one command by row) and click
Save Custom Script.
3.3.9.4
Factory Defaults
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Reset router settings:Click the Yes button to reset all configuration settings to their default
values. Then click the Apply Settings button.
Note:
Any settings you have saved will be lost when the default settings are restored. After
restoring the router is accessible under the default IP address 192.168.1.2 and the default
password admin.
3.3.9.5
Firmware Upgrade
Firmware Upgrade:New firmware versions are posted at our webiste and can be downloaded.
If the Router is not experiencing difficulties, then there is no need to download a more recent
firmware version, unless that version has a new feature that you want to use.
Note:
When you upgrade the Router's firmware, you lose its configuration settings, so make sure
you write down the Router settings before you upgrade its firmware.
To upgrade the Router's firmware:
1. Download the firmware upgrade file from the website.
2. Click the Browse... button and chose the firmware upgrade file.
3. Click the Upgrade button and wait until the upgrade is finished.
Note:
Upgrading firmware may take a few minutes.
Do not turn off the power or press the reset button!
After flashing, reset to:If you want to reset the router to the default settings for the firmware
version you are upgrading to, click the Firmware Defaults option.
3.3.9.6
Backup
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Backup Settings : You may backup your current configuration in case you need to reset the
router back to its factory default settings.Click the Backup button to backup your current
configuration.
Restore Settings:Click the Browse... button to browse for a configuration file that is currently
saved on your PC.Click the Restore button to overwrite all current configurations with the ones in
the configuration file.
Note:
Only restore configurations with files backed up using the same firmware and the same
model of router.
3.3.10 Status
3.3.10.1
Router
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Router Name: name of the router, settingbasic setting to modify
Router Model: model of the router, unavailable to modify
Firmware Version: software version information
MAC Address: MAC address of WAN, settingClone MAC Address to modify
Host Name: host name of the router, settingbasic setting to modify
WAN Domain Name: domain name of WAN, settingbasic setting to modify
LAN Domain Name: domain name of LAN, unavailable to modify
Current Time: local time of the system
Uptime: operating uptime as long as the system is powered on
Total Available: the room for total available of RAM (that is physical memory minus some
reserve and the kernel of binary code bytes)
Free: free memory, the router will reboot if the memory is less than 500kB
Used: used memory, total available memory minus free memory
Buffers: used memory for buffers,
Cached: the memory used by high-speed cache memory
Active: active use of buffer or cache memory page file size
Inactive: not often used in a buffer or cache memory page file size
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IP Filter Maximum Ports: preset is 4096, available to re-management
Active IP Connections: real time monitor active IP connections of the system, click to see the
table as blow:
Active IP Connections: total active IP connections
Protocol: connection protocol
Timeouts: connection timeouts, unit is second
Source Address: source IP address
Remote Address: remote IP address
Service Name: connecting service port
Status: displayed status
3.3.10.2 WAN
Connection Type: disabled, 3G/UMTS
Connection Uptime: connecting uptime; If disconnect, display Not available
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IP Address: IP address of router WAN
Subnet Mask: subnet mask of router WAN
Gateway: the gateway of router WAN
DNS1, DNS2, DNS3: DNS1/DNS2/DNS3 of router WAN
Login Status: connection status of WAN
Disconnection: disconnect
Connection: connect
Module Type: module type in 3G/UMTS way
Signal Status: signal intensity of the module in 3G/UMTS way
Network: network type of the module in 3G/UMTS way
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Total Flow: flow from power-off last time until now statistics, download and upload direction
Monthly Flow: the flow of a month, unit is MB
Last Month: the flow of last month
Next Month: the flow of next month
Backup: backup data administration
Restore: restore data administration
Delete: delete data administration
3.3.10.3 LAN
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MAC Address: MAC Address of the LAN port ethernet
IP Address: IP Address of the LAN port
Subnet Mask: Subnet Mask of the LAN port
Gateway: Gateway of the LAN port
Local DNS: DNS of the LAN port
Host Name: host name of LAN client
IP Address: IP address of the client
MAC Address: MAC address of the client
Conn. Count: connection count caused by the client
Ratio: the ratio of 4096 connection
DNCP Server: enable or disable the router work as a DHCP server
DHCP Daemon: the agreement allocated using DHCP including DNSMasq and uDHCPd
Starting IP Address: the starting IP Address of the DHCP server’s Address pool
Ending IP Address: the ending IP Address of the DHCP server’s Address pool
Client Lease Time: the lease time of DHCP client
Host Name: host name of LAN client
IP Address: IP address of the client
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MAC Address: MAC address of the client
Expires: the expiry the client rents the IP address
Interface: the interface assigned by dial-up system
User Name: user name of PPPoE client
Local IP: IP address assigned by PPPoE client
Delete: click to delete PPPoE client
Interface: the interface assigned by dial-up system
Local IP: tunnel IP address of local L2TP
Remote IP: tunnel IP address of L2TP server
Delete: click to disconnect L2TP
Interface: the interface assigned by dial-up system
User Name: user name of the client
Local IP: tunnel IP address of L2TP client
Remote IP: IP address of L2TP client
Delete: click to delete L2TP client
Interface: the interface assigned by dial-up system
Local IP: tunnel IP address of local PPTP
Remote IP: tunnel IP address of PPTP server
Delete: click to disconnect PPTP
Interface: the interface assigned by dial-up system
User Name: user name of the client
Local IP: tunnel IP address of PPTP client
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Remote IP: IP address of PPTP client
Delete: click to delete PPTP client
3.3.10.4 Bandwidth
Bandwidth Monitoring-LAN Graph
abscissa axis: time
vertical axis: speed rate
Bandwidth Monitoring-WAN Graph
abscissa axis: time
vertical axis: speed rate
3.3.10.5 Sys-Info
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Router Name: the name of the router
Router Model: the model of the router
LAN MAC: MAC address of LAN port
WAN MAC: MAC address of WAN port
WAN IP: IP address of WAN port
LAN IP: IP address of LAN port
DHCP Server: enabled or disabled
ff-radauth: enabled or disabled
USB Support: enabled or disabled
Total Available: the room for total available of RAM (that is physical memory minus some
reserve and the kernel of binary code bytes)
Free: free memory, the router will reboot if the memory is less than 500kB
Used: used memory, total available memory minus free memory
Buffers: used memory for buffers, total available memory minus allocated memory
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Cached: the memory used by high-speed cache memory
Active: Active use of buffer or cache memory page file size
Inactive: Not often used in a buffer or cache memory page file size
Host Name: host name of LAN client
IP Address: IP address of the client
MAC Address: MAC address of he client
Expires: the expiry the client rents the IP address
Chapter 4 Appendix
The following steps describe how to setup Windows XP Hyper Terminal.
1. Press “Start””Programs””Accessories””Communications””Hyper Terminal”
2. Input connection name, choose “OK”
3. Choose the correct COM port which connects to modem, choose “OK”
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4. Configure the serial port parameters as following, choose “OK”
Bits per second: 115200
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None
5. Complete Hyper Terminal operation, It runs as following
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