Flight1 Aviation Technologies G1000 Student Simulator v1.41

Flight1 Aviation Technologies
G1000 Student Simulator v1.41
Comprehensive Description of
Simulated Features and Functionality
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INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 3
SYSTEM OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................................... 3
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS ................................................................................................................................ 10
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS) ............................................................................................................. 12
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS .............................................................................................................................. 15
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................................................... 16
HAZARD AVOIDANCE .................................................................................................................................. 23
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM ..................................................................................................... 25
ADDITIONAL FEATURES............................................................................................................................... 25
ABNORMAL OPERATION ............................................................................................................................. 26
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INTRODUCTION
The Garmin G1000 provides pilots with a dazzling amount of information and capabilities, so it’s not
surprising if you want to know exactly what our G1000 Student Simulator includes.
First off, know that it’s not a real G1000. It’s a simulation of a real G1000—designed to accurately
simulate the features and functions VFR and IFR pilots use most frequently. We think you’ll be surprised
at the depth of the simulation, and we’re confident you won’t find a more realistic, cost-effective, or
flexible G1000 simulation for FSX, ESP, or Prepar3D.
There are many different versions of the real G1000 hardware and software, so what we’ve simulated in
the G1000 Student Simulator might not exactly match what you’re used to. This initial release is
modeled after the Garmin G1000 Cessna Nav III and Diamond aircraft variations of the G1000 software,
with an integrated GFC 700 Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS).
In the future, we may add new features and functionality as customer interest dictates. We’ll update
this document when we make changes.
What follows is worth a careful read so you’ll fully understand just how much you can do with this
simulation. We’ll follow the same structure the real Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide does, since you may be
familiar with it.
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
System Description
The Flight1 Tech G1000 Student Simulator simulates the G1000 Integrated Flight Deck as installed in
Cessna Nav III aircraft (Cessna 172R, 172S, 182T, T182T, 206, and T206) and the Diamond DA40 and
DA42. Each aircraft configuration features the appropriate Vspeeds and Engine Indication System (EIS)
layout.
The displays and controls for each of the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs) are presented in a
separate window:
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GDU 1040B Primary Flight Display (PFD)
GDU 1040B Primary Flight Display (MFD)
GMA 1347 Audio System with Integrated Marker Beacon Receiver
Each of the above windows can be displayed or hidden via a button on the main G1000 Student
Simulator interface.
The addition of the Flight1 Tech Virtual Instructor Station Pro (VISPRO) and G1000 Failures plug-in for
VISPRO products provide an instructor with the ability to manually fail specific components of the G1000
PFD and MFD displays.
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G1000 Student Simulator Interface
The G1000 Student Simulator interface panel features:
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Network Connection controls.
The ability to display/hide the PFD, MFD, Audio Panel, Standby Instruments (Airspeed Indicator,
Attitude Indicator, Altimeter), and Switches Panel. The Switches panel allows manipulation of
essential aircraft switches (Master, Avionics, Starter/Magnetos, Lights, Fuel Pump, Pitot Heat,
Fuel Selector, Parking Brake, and Flaps) from outside the flight simulation. This is useful if the
G1000 Student Simulator software is running on a different computer from the flight simulation.
A “Check for Updates” button.
Three tabs with additional options: Main, Options, and Options 2.
Main
The Main tab facilitates the selection of specific aircraft configurations, as well as the configuration of
custom v-speeds.
Options
The Options tab features:
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Options to auto-hide the interface, save window positions between sessions, show instructional
tooltips when the mouse cursor is over specific G1000 features, and show mouse areas on
knobs for easier use.
Options to toggle specific Map Display features on or off (MOAs, railroads, water/ocean
names/rivers).
Separate PFD and MFD Map Display orientation options (North Up, Heading Up, Track Up, and
Direct Track Up).
Options 2
The Options 2 tab features:
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General Map Options that allow toggling of the Nav Range Ring, Fuel Range Ring, Topo Scale,
Track Vector, and Flap and Trim indicators (to use in conjunction with the Flap and Trim controls
on the Switches panel).
Window Properties (not available in the Hardware version of the G1000 Student Simulator).
These options facilitate customization of the visual experience when running the G1000 Student
Simulator software on a separate monitor. Options include the ability to display a customizable
background image (“background.bmp,” located in C:\Flight1 Aviation Technologies\G1000
Student), and to remove the border and title bar from the PFD, MFD, Audio Panel, Standby
Instrument, or Switches windows.
G1000 Controls
The Student version of the G1000 Student Simulator (for personal, non-commercial use) features
photorealistic bezel graphics with functional buttons and knobs so you can control the G1000 with a
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mouse or via a touchscreen monitor. An option to “Show mouse areas” (available on the main G1000
Student Simulator interface) makes it easier to control the bezel knobs. An editable keyboard.ini file lets
you customize the G1000 Student Simulator’s keyboard commands to work with your own hardware
setup.
The Hardware version (designed for commercial use, or for non-commercial use in a home cockpit) has
no bezel graphics. Instead, it interfaces with the SimKits TRC1000 Glass Cockpit (www.simkits.com) and
the Emuteq G1000 (http://www.emuteq.com).
PFD/MFD Controls
The real functionality of most PFD/MFD controls are simulated:
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NAV Frequency Transfer Key
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Dual NAV Knob
Heading Knob
CRS/BARO Knob
Dual COM Knob
COM Frequency Transfer Key
Direct-to Key
FPL Key
CLR Key (DFLT MAP)
Dual FMS Knob
MENU Key
PROC Key
ENT Key
Dual ALT Knob
The COM and NAV VOL/ID knobs and the Joystick are not functional.
The following GFC 700 AFCS controls are simulated:
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AP Key
HDG Key
NAV Key
APR Key
VS Key
FLC Key
FD Key
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ALT Key
VNV Key
BC Key
NOSE UP/NOSE DN Keys
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Audio Panel Controls
The real functionality of most Audio Panel controls are simulated:
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COM1 MIC
COM1
COM2 MIC
COM2
MKR/MUTE
DME
NAV1
ADF
NAV2
Reversionary Mode Button
The COM3 MIC, COM3, PA, TEL, MUSIC, SPKR, HI SENS, AUX, REC, PLAY, INTRCOM, and MAN SQ buttons and the PILOT and PASS
knobs are not functional.
Secure Digital (SD) Cards
The use of Secure Digital cards for storing databases and software system updates is not simulated.
The G1000 Student Simulator navigational database can be manually upgraded by purchasing an
upgrade from Navigraph.com and Flight1 Aviation Technologies.
G1000 Student Simulator software updates are available via a button on the main G1000 Student
Simulator interface.
System Power-Up
When the MFD powers up, a simulated power-up screen is displayed.
PFD initialization is not simulated at this time.
System Operation
Normal Display Operation
As on the real G1000, in normal operating mode the G1000 Student Simulator PFD presents graphical
flight instrumentation and the MFD displays a full-color moving map with navigation information, as well
as the Engine Indication System (EIS).
Reversionary Display Operation
Reversionary Mode (in which all important flight information is displayed on one display) can be
manually activated by pressing the Display Backup button on the Audio Panel. Reversionary Mode is
simulated on both the PFD and the MFD.
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When used with Virtual Instructor Station Pro (VISPRO) and the G1000 Failures plug-in for VISPRO, you
can realistically simulate the switch to Reversionary Mode after a display failure, and present students
with challenging scenarios that test their ability to deal with failures when they’re least likely to be able
to handle them.
AHRS Operation
Loss of attitude and heading information, due to failure of the internal Attitude and Heading Reference
System (AHRS) inertial sensors, can be simulated using Virtual Instructor Station Pro (VISPRO) and the
G1000 Failures plug-in for VISPRO. When enabled, red ‘X’ flags display over the corresponding flight
instruments.
Other AHRS failures, annunciations, and message advisories are not simulated.
G1000 System Annunciations
When a real G1000 Line Replaceable Unit (LRU) or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically
displayed on windows associated with the failed data.
When the G1000 Student Simulator is used with Virtual Instructor Station Pro (VISPRO) and the G1000
Failures plug-in for VISPRO, an instructor has the ability to manually fail individual Line Replaceable Units
(LRUs) and other components of the G1000. When failed, appropriate failure flags and/or indications
will display on the PFD and MFD to indicate failure of the responsible components.
LRUs and other components that can be failed include:
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GIA 63 Integrated Avionics Unit
GTX1 and GTX2 Transponders
GRS 77 AHRS
GMU 44 Magnetometer
GDC 74A Air Data Computer
GFC 700 Automatic Flight Control System
VHF Comm Radio
VHF Nav Radio
DME
RAIM Availability
Traffic
Attitude
Airspeed
Vertical Speed
Heading
Altitude
Engine Indicators
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Softkey Function
As on the real G1000, softkeys are located along the bottom of the displays. The softkeys shown depend
on the softkey level or page being displayed.
When using the Student version of the G1000 Student Simulator, the bezel keys on the photorealistic
bezel graphics below the softkeys can be used to select the appropriate softkey. (Customized keyboard
commands can also be configured in F1G1000_keyboard.ini.)
When using the Hardware version, the physical keys on the hardware bezel can be used.
GPS Receiver Operation
GPS information collected by the Integrated Avionics Units may be viewed on the AUX - GPS STATUS
page on the MFD. The GPS Status page displays a basic simulation of:
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Satellite constellation diagram
Satellite signal information status
GPS receiver status
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) Prediction
SBAS Selection
GPS Satellite Signal Strengths
RAIM Prediction at the aircraft present position is simulated, and RAIM can be made unavailable via the
separate G1000 Student Failure Generator application.
RAIM Prediction at specific waypoints, WAAS Disabling, and GPS sensor annunciations are not simulated.
Accessing G1000 Functionality
Menus
As on the real G1000, the G1000 Student Simulator has a MENU Key that, when pressed, displays a
context-sensitive list of options related to the currently displayed window/page. Options can be selected
using the FMS knob and the ENTER Key.
Not all menus or options are simulated.
MFD Page Groups
Information on the MFD is presented on pages which are grouped according to function. The G1000
Student Simulator fully or partially simulates the following page groups and pages:
Map Pages (MAP)
 Navigation Map
 Traffic Map
 Terrain Proximity
Stormscope®, Weather Data Link, Terrain-SVS, and TAWS-B pages are not simulated.
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Waypoint Pages (WPT)
 Airport Information Pages
o Airport Information (INFO-1 softkey)
 Intersection Information
 NDB Information
 VOR Information
Airport Directory, Departure Information, Arrival Information, Approach Information, Weather Information, and User
Waypoint Information pages are not simulated.
Auxiliary Pages (AUX)
 Trip Planning (in Automatic page mode and Flight Plan mode only)
 Utility (with usable Generic Count Up Timer)
 GPS Status (including RAIM Prediction at present position)
 System Setup (with configurable Time Format, Temperature Display Units, and MFD Data
Bar Fields)
 System Status
SiriusXM Satellite pages and the Video page are not simulated.
Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
 Active Flight Plan
 Flight Plan Catalog
Nearest Pages (NRST)
 Nearest Airports
 Nearest Intersections
 Nearest NDB
 Nearest VOR
Nearest User Waypoints, Nearest Frequencies, and Nearest Airspaces pages are not simulated.
Procedure Pages (PROC)
 Departure Loading
 Arrival Loading
 Approach Loading
MFD System Pages
In the Auxiliary (AUX) Page Group, there are two system pages: System Setup and System Status.
The System Setup Page allows management of various system parameters. Manual configuration of
Time Format, Temperature Display Units, and MFD Data Bar Fields is simulated.
The System Status Page, which displays the status and software version numbers for all detected system
LRUs as well as information on all system databases, is simulated.
Failures triggered using the G1000 Failures plug-in for VISPRO only affect the display of relevant data on the PFD and MFD
displays. Triggered failures do not affect LRU Status on the System Status page.
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Display Backlighting
Automatic and manual adjustment of display backlighting is not simulated.
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Flight Instruments and Supplemental Flight Data
All real G1000 flight instrumentation is simulated. The following flight instruments and supplemental
flight data are displayed on the PFD:
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Airspeed Indicator, showing
o Indicated airspeed
o True airspeed
o Trend vector
o Airspeed awareness ranges
o Vspeed reference flags
Attitude Indicator with slip/skid indication
Altimeter (standard or metric values), showing
o Trend vector
o Barometric setting
o Reference altitude
Vertical Deviation, Glideslope, and Glidepath Indicators
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications
Outside air temperature (OAT) (in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit)
Horizontal Situation Indicator, showing
o Turn Rate Indicator
o Bearing pointers and information windows
o Navigation source
o Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) (including flight phase annunciation, OBS scaling, and
OBS mode)
o DME Information Window
Transponder Mode, Code, and Ident/Reply
Timer/References Window, showing
o Generic timer
o Vspeed values (configurable)
o Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA)
Wind data:
o Wind direction arrows with headwind/tailwind and crosswind components
o Wind direction arrow and numeric speed
o Wind direction arrow with numeric True direction and numeric speed
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PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions
System Alerting
The following alerts are simulated on the PFD (along with the associated softkey annunciations and
audio alerts):
Warning Alerts (red):
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LOW VOLTS
OIL PRESSURE
Caution Alerts (yellow):
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LOW FUEL L
LOW FUEL R
LOW VACUUM
System Message Advisories (white) and Safe Operating Annunciations (green) are not simulated.
G1000 System Annunciations
The only System Annunciations simulated are those related to the failures listed in the “G1000 System
Annunciations” sub-section of the “System Overview” section of this document (above).
Marker Beacon Annunciations
Marker Beacon Annunciations are fully simulated.
Traffic Annunciation
The G1000 Student Simulator features a robust Traffic Annunciation simulation that works with the AI
aircraft generated by the flight simulation. Traffic is displayed symbolically on the PFD Inset Map, the
MFD Navigation Map Page, and various other MFD page maps. Refer to the “Hazard Avoidance” section
of this document (below) for more details about the Traffic Information Service (TIS) simulation.
TAWS Annunciations
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) obstacle annunciations appear at the top of the PFD
to the left of the Altimeter.
Terrain annunciations are not simulated at this time.
Altitude Alerting
Altitude alerting is simulated:
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Upon passing through 1,000 feet of the selected altitude
When the aircraft passes within 200 feet of the selected altitude
After reaching the selected altitude, if the aircraft deviates +/- 200 feet
Low Altitude Annunciation
A “LOW ALT” annunciation (when the aircraft is low at the FAF on a WAAS approach) is not simulated at
this time.
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Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting
MDA and DH can be set in the Timer/Reference Window, and the associated visual annunciations and
aural alerts are simulated.
Abnormal Operations
Abnormal GPS Conditions
Abnormal GPS Conditions are not simulated.
Unusual Attitudes
Unusual Attitude functionality on the PFD is fully simulated. Red chevrons appear starting at 50 degrees
above and 30 degrees below the horizon line. PFD de-cluttering occurs if pitch exceeds +30/-20 degrees
or bank exceeds 65 degrees.
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS)
All real Engine Display, Lean Display, and System Display indications are simulated on the MFD Engine
Indication System (EIS), and are accessible via softkeys. In manually-activated Reversionary Mode, EIS
data is displayed on the left side of the PFD.
Engine Display
The Engine Display shows critical engine and electrical parameters. All real Engine Display gauges,
indicators, and readouts are simulated for the aircraft configuration selected in the main G1000 Student
Simulator interface.
Cessna Nav III aircraft configuration:
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Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge (MAN IN) Models 182T, T182T, 206H, T206H
Tachometer (RPM)
Fuel Flow Indicator (FFLOW GPH)
Oil Pressure Indicator (OIL PRES)
Oil Temperature Indicator (OIL TEMP)
Cylinder Head Temperature Indicator (CHT) Models 182T, T182T, 206H, T206H
Exhaust Gas Temperature Indicator (EGT) Normally-aspirated Aircraft
Turbine Inlet Temperature Indicator (TIT) Turbocharged Aircraft
Vacuum Pressure Indicator (VAC) Models 172R and 172S
Fuel Quantity Indicator (FUEL QTY GAL)
Engine Hours (Tach) (ENG HRS) Models 172R and 172S
Voltmeter (M, E BUS VOLTS)
Ammeter (M, S BATT AMPS)
Diamond DA40 aircraft configuration:
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Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge (MAN IN HG)
Tachometer (RPM)
Fuel Flow Indicator (FUEL FLOW GPH)
Cylinder Head Temperature Indicator (CHT)
Oil Temperature Indicator (OIL TEMP)
Oil Pressure Indicator (OIL PRES)
Ammeter (AMPS)
Voltmeter (VOLTS)
Fuel Quantity Indicator (FUEL QTY GAL)
The expanded DA40 Engine page is not simulated.
Diamond DA42 aircraft configuration:
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Engine Load Indicator (LOAD %)
Tachometer (RPM)
Fuel Flow Indicator (FUEL FLOW GPH)
Oil Temperature Indicator (OIL TEMP)
Oil Pressure Indicator (OIL PRES)
Coolant Temperature Indicator (COOLANT TEMP)
Fuel Temperature Indicator (FUEL TEMP)
Fuel Quantity Indicator (FUEL QTY GAL)
Lean Display
The Lean Display provides information for engine leaning. All real Lean Display gauges, indicators, and
readouts (including Cylinder selection) are simulated for the aircraft configuration selected in the main
G1000 Student Simulator interface.
Cessna Nav III aircraft configuration:
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Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge (MAN IN) Models 182T, T182T, 206H, T206H
Tachometer (RPM)
Fuel Flow (FFLOW GPH)
Exhaust Gas Temperature Bar Graph (EGT °F)
Cylinder Head Temperature Bar Graph (CHT)
Fuel Quantity Indicator (FUEL QTY GAL)
Lean Assist is not fully simulated at this time.
Diamond DA40 aircraft configuration:
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Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge (MAN IN HG)
Tachometer (RPM)
Fuel Flow (FFLOW GPH)
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Exhaust Gas Temperature Bar Graph (EGT °F)
Cylinder Head Temperature Bar Graph (CHT °F)
Lean Assist is not fully simulated at this time.
System Display
The System Display shows critical engine, fuel, and electrical parameters. All real System Display gauges,
indicators, and readouts (including fuel calculations) are simulated for the aircraft configuration selected
in the main G1000 Student Simulator interface.
Cessna Nav III aircraft configuration:
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Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge (MAN IN) Models 182T, T182T, 206H, T206H
Tachometer (RPM)
Oil Pressure (OIL PSI)
Oil Temperature (OIL °F)
Engine Hours (Tach) (ENG HRS) Models 182T, T182T, 206H, T206H
Vacuum Pressure Indicator (VAC) Models 182T, T182T, 206H, T206H
Fuel Flow (FFLOW GPH)
Calculated Fuel Used (GAL USED)
Set Fuel Remaining (GAL REM)
Fuel Quantity Indicator (FUEL QTY GAL)
Voltmeter (M, E BUS VOLTS)
Ammeter (M, S BATT AMPS)
Diamond DA40 aircraft configuration:
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Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge (MAN IN HG)
Tachometer (RPM)
Oil Temperature (OIL °F) and Oil Pressure (OIL PSI)
Voltmeter (VOLTS) and Ammeter (AMPS)
Fuel Flow (FFLOW GPH)
Fuel Pressure (FPRESS PSI)
Set Fuel Remaining (GAL REM)
Calculated Fuel Used (GAL USED)
Calculated Endurance (ENDUR)
Calculated Range (RANGE NM)
Total Time in Service (TTL TIME IN SVC)
Diamond DA42 aircraft configuration:
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Engine Load Indicator (LOAD %)
Tachometer (RPM)
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Voltmeter (VOLTS)
Ammeter (AMPS)
Gearbox Temperature Indicator (GEARBOX °C)
Coolant Temperature Indicator (COOLANT °C)
Oil Temperature Indicator (OIL °C)
Oil Pressure Indicator (OIL BAR)
Deice Fluid Indicator (DEICE FLUID) (Optional)
Fuel Display
The Diamond DA40 and DA42 aircraft configurations also feature a Fuel Display. All real Fuel Display
gauges, indicators, and readouts (including fuel calculations) are simulated.
Diamond DA42 aircraft configuration:
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Engine Load Indicator (LOAD %)
Tachometer (RPM)
Fuel Quantity Indicator (FUEL GAL)
Fuel Flow Indicator (FUEL GPH)
Fuel Temperature Indicator (FUEL °C)
Set Fuel Remaining (GAL REM)
Calculated Fuel Used (GAL USED)
Calculated Endurance (ENDUR)
Calculated Range (RANGE NM)
Total Time in Service (TTL TIME IN SVC)
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
Overview
The Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) system includes the Audio Panel, communication
radios, navigation radios, and Mode S transponder. Most Audio Panel and CNS elements are simulated,
within the limits of the flight simulation.
COM Operation
Most communications radio functionality is simulated, and works with the air traffic control feature of
FSX, ESP, and Prepar3D. Features simulated include:
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COM transceiver selection and activation
Manual tuning and auto-tuning from both the PFD and MFD
25-kHz frequency spacing
Transmit/Receive indications, 8.33-kHz frequency spacing, automatic squelch, and volume control, are not simulated.
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NAV Operation
Most navigation radio functionality is simulated, including:
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NAV radio selection and activation via the PFD CDI Softkey
NAV radio audio monitoring
VOR/LOC ID, manual tuning and auto-tuning from both the PFD and MFD
Marker beacon receiver indications and audio
Volume control is not simulated.
GTX 33 Mode S Transponder
Most transponder features are simulated, and work with the Air Traffic Control feature of FSX, ESP, and
Prepar3D. Features simulated include:
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Transponder Mode Selection (Ground, Standby, Manual On, Manual and Auto Altitude)
Reply Status
Transponder code entry via softkeys
VFR Code
Ident
Entry of a transponder code using the PFD FMS knob, and Flight ID Reporting are not simulated.
Additional Audio Panel Functions
Audio panel power-up, Speaker, Intercom, Intercom Volume and Squelch, PA System, Clearance Recorder
and Player, and entertainment inputs are not simulated.
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Introduction
The information to successfully navigate the aircraft using the GPS sensors is displayed on the PFD and
the MFD. The G1000 Student Simulator simulates most of the flight management features of the real
G1000.
Navigation Status Box
As on the real G1000, the Navigation Status Box located at the top of the PFD contains two fields that
display: the active flight plan leg or flight plan annunciations, and distance and bearing to the next
waypoint or flight plan annunciations.
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the MFD contains four data fields that can be configured
on the AUX – SYSTEM SETUP Page.
Configuration of the MFD Navigation Status Box data fields to display Endurance, Enroute Safe Altitude, Fuel On Board, Fuel
Over Destination, Minimum Safe Altitude, Track Angle Error, or Vertical Speed Required is not simulated.
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Using Map Displays
Some of the most useful features of the G1000 are its many map displays. In the G1000 Student
Simulator, the following maps are simulated:
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PFD Inset Map
MFD Navigation Page Map
MFD Waypoint Pages Map
MFD Nearest Pages Map
MFD Active Flight Plan Page Map
MFD Trip Planning Page Map (Automatic page mode only)
Map Orientation
By default, all maps are displayed using a North Up (NORTH UP) orientation. PFD and MFD maps can
individually be changed to Heading Up (HDG UP), Track Up (TRK UP), or Desired Track Up (DTK UP)
orientations via the main G1000 Student Simulator interface.
Map Range
As on the real G1000, all maps feature 28 different ranges, from 500 feet to 2000 NM.
Auto Zoom
Auto zoom, which allows the G1000 to change the map display range to the smallest range clearly
showing the active waypoint, is not simulated.
Map Panning and Measuring Bearing and Distance
Map panning, and measuring bearing and distance using the G1000 Joystick, is not simulated.
Topography
As on the real G1000, all navigation maps can display various shades of topography colors representing
land elevation. Topographic data can be displayed or removed using the TOPO Softkey. A Topographic
Scale can be toggled on and off on the “Options 2” tab of the main G1000 Student Simulator interface.
Configuring the topographic data using the Map Setup Menu is not simulated at this time.
Map Symbols
Symbols displayed on the maps include:
Land symbols
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Highways and roads
Railroads
Large Cities (>200,000)
Medium Cities (>50,000)
Small Cities (>5,000)
States and Provinces
Rivers and Lakes
Aviation symbols
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Active Flight Plan Leg
Non-active Flight Plan Legs
Active Flight plan Waypoint
Large Airports
Medium Airports
Small Airports
Intersections
NDB
VOR
Class B Airspace/TMA
Class C Airspace/TCA
Class D Airspace
Restricted Areas
MOAs
Other/ADIZs
Display of Latitude/Longitude, minor roads and non-major highways, User Waypoints, Taxiways, Runway Extensions, and TFRs
are not simulated at this time.
Configuring map symbols using the Map Setup Menu is not simulated.
Map Declutter
Like on the real G1000, four levels of map declutter are available that remove progressively more
information from the map.
Airways
Low Altitude and High Altitude Airways can be toggled on and off using the AIRWAYS softkey on the
Map page of the MFD. Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray and High Altitude Airways are drawn in
green. Airway waypoints (VORs, NDBs and Intersections) are also displayed.
Toggling airways using the MENU key, and selecting an airway range using the Map Setup menu is not simulated.
Track Vector
Like on the real G1000, the Navigation Map can display a track vector that shows the projected position
of the aircraft in 60 seconds (including up to 90 degrees of a turn). The Track Vector can be toggled on
and off on the “Options 2” tab of the main G1000 Student Simulator interface.
Selection of additional look-ahead times using the Map Setup Menu is not simulated.
Wind Vector
Display of a Wind Vector on the MFD Navigation Map is not simulated at this time.
Nav Range Ring
The Nav Range Ring shows the ground track on a rotating compass card. The range is determined by the
map range. The Nav Range Ring can be toggled on and off on the “Options 2” tab of the main G1000
Student Simulator interface.
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Fuel Range Ring
The Fuel Range Ring shows the range of the aircraft given the current fuel state. A dashed green circle
indicates the selected range to reserve fuel. A solid green circle indicates the total endurance range. If
only reserve fuel remains, the range is indicated by a solid yellow circle. The Fuel Range Ring can be
toggled on and off on the “Options 2” tab of the main G1000 Student Simulator interface. The amount
of fuel remaining must be manually set on the G1000 Engine System page.
Field of View (SVS)
Display of the boundaries of the PFD Synthetic Vision System (SVS) lateral field of view on the MFD
Navigation Map is not available, as the SVS is not simulated.
Waypoints
Information is available for Airport, Intersection, NDB, and VOR waypoints. On all MFD Waypoints pages,
waypoints can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier. If duplicate entries exist for an identifier, a
Duplicate Waypoints Window is displayed. Frequency auto-tuning and Direct-to Navigation is possible
directly from these pages.
Airports
Information is available for every airport in the updatable worldwide Navigraph navigation database.
Like in the real G1000, after engine startup, the Airport Information Page defaults to the airport where
the aircraft is located. After a flight plan has been loaded, the Airport Information Page defaults to the
destination airport.
On all Airport Information pages, airports can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier, facility name,
or location name. If duplicate entries exist for an identifier, a Duplicate Waypoints Window is displayed.
Frequency auto-tuning and Direct-to Navigation is possible directly from these pages.
The MFD Airport Information pages feature most of the information available on the real G1000 pages.
Fuel Availability, UTC Offset, Lighting Availability, and AOPA Directory information are not displayed in the simulation.
The PFD Airport Information Window features most of the information in the real G1000 window.
City, UTC Offset, and Region are not displayed in the simulation at this time.
The MFD Nearest Airport page simulates most real functionality, including displaying a line to the
nearest airport on the Navigation Map.
The Nearest Airports window on the PFD displays most real G1000 information.
Intersections
The Intersection Information and Nearest Intersection pages feature most of the information on the real
G1000 pages.
Nearest VOR and Reference VOR information is not displayed in the simulation.
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NDBs
The NDB Information and Nearest NDB pages feature most of the information on the real G1000 pages.
NDB Type and Nearest Airport information is not displayed in the simulation.
VORs
The VOR Information and Nearest VOR pages feature most of the information on the real G1000 pages.
VOR Class, Magnetic Variation, and Nearest Airport Information are not displayed in the simulation.
User Waypoints
User-created waypoints and their associated pages are not simulated.
Airspaces
The following types of airspaces are displayed on maps: Class B/TMA, Class C/TCA, Class D, Restricted,
and MOA (Military).
Other, Air Defense Interdiction Zone (ADIZ), and Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) airspace is not displayed in the simulation.
The Nearest Airspaces Page on the MFD and Airspace Alerts on the PFD are not simulated.
Direct-to Navigation
Most real G1000 Direct-to functionality is simulated in both the MFD and PFD Direct-to Windows,
including setting VNV Altitude at Arrival, and selecting an active flight plan waypoint as a Direct-To
destination.
Selection of a RECENT, USER or AIRWAY waypoint as a Direct-to destination; selecting a manual Direct-to course; selection of a
waypoint as a Direct-to destination using the Joystick pointer; and setting an along-track VNV offset are not simulated.
Flight Planning
As on the real G1000, a flight plan is built by entering waypoints one at a time, adding waypoints along
airways, and inserting departures, arrivals, or approaches as needed. Fight planning information can be
entered from either the MFD or PFD. The flight plan is displayed on maps using different line widths,
colors, and types, based on the type of leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being flown
(departure, enroute, arrival, approach, or missed approach).
Flight Plan Creation
As on the real G1000, flight plans can be created via the:



Active Flight Plan page on the MFD
Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD
Flight Plan Catalog page on the MFD
Importing and exporting flight plans to/from an SD card is not simulated.
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan
Waypoints can be added to the active flight plan, in front of existing waypoints.
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Creating and adding user waypoints to the existing flight plan using the Joystick pointer, and adding waypoints to stored flight
plans, is not simulated.
Adding Airways to a Flight Plan
Airways can be added to the active flight plan if there is a waypoint in the flight plan that is part of the
desired airway and is not part of an arrival or approach procedure.
Adding Procedures to a Stored Flight Plan
Adding procedures to a stored flight plan is not simulated.
Flight Plan Storage
As on the real G1000, up to 99 flight plans can be stored. An active flight plan can be stored from the
Active Flight Plan page (MFD) or the Active Flight plan Window (PFD) using the MENU key.
The active flight plan is erased when the G1000 Student Simulator software is restarted or when another
flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be viewed on the Flight Plan Catalog
Page and on the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Flight plans are stored in the Flight Plan Catalog in the order created, and can be individually deleted.
Alphanumeric sorting based on flight plan name, inverting a stored flight plan, copying a stored flight plan, and editing a stored
flight plan is not simulated.
Display of the selected stored flight plan on the Flight Plan Catalog page map is not simulated.
Flight Plan Editing
The active flight plan can be edited via the Active Flight Plan page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan
Window (PFD), and the edits made affect navigation as soon as they are entered. You can:
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

Delete the active flight plan using the MENU key
Delete flight plan items using the CLR key
Delete an entire arrival or approach from the PFD Active Flight Plan Window using the CLR key
Delete an individual waypoint using the CLR key
Deleting an entire airway from an active flight plan, and deleting an individual waypoint, an entire airway, or an entire
procedure from a stored flight plan, is not simulated.
Changing the comment (name) of an active or stored flight plan is not simulated.
Along Track Offsets
Along track offsets are not simulated.
Parallel Track
Parallel track is not simulated.
Activating a Flight Plan Leg
A highlighted leg can be made the “active leg” (the flight plan leg which is currently used for navigation
guidance) via the MENU key.
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Inverting a Flight Plan
An active flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original departure point using
the MENU key.
Inverting a stored flight plan is not simulated.
Flight Plan Views
Flight plan views (leg-to-leg vs. cumulative distance, wide and narrow views, and collapsing airways) are
not simulated.
Closest Point of FPL
Creation of a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to a chosen reference
waypoint is not simulated.
Vertical Navigation
Vertical guidance based on specified altitudes at waypoints in the active flight plan, or VNV Direct-to, is
simulated, and both manual and autopilot-coupled guidance (VPTH) are supported.
VNV along-track offsets are not simulated at this time.
Altitude Constraints
Altitude constraints associated with lateral waypoints can be manually entered, or are automatically
entered for procedures (from the published “Cross as” altitudes in the navigation database). Altitude
constraints can be followed using Vertical Path Tracking Mode (VPTH).
Procedures
The simulation of G1000 Procedures functionality is comprehensive. Departure, Arrival, and Approach
procedures can be added and removed from active flight plans using the PROC key.
Departures
Departures procedures can be loaded into the active flight plan using the PROC key.
Viewing available departures on the Airport Information page using the DP softkey is not simulated.
Arrivals
Arrival procedures can be loaded into the active flight plan using the PROC key, and removed by
highlighting the header in the Active Flight plan (on the PFD) and pressing the CLR key.
Viewing available arrivals on the Airport Information page using the STAR softkey is not simulated.
Approaches
Non-precision and precision approaches can be loaded into an active flight plan, activated, or activated
as “Vector-to-Final,” using the PROC key. Approaches can be removed by highlighting the header in the
Active Flight plan (on the PFD) and pressing the CLR key. Missed approach procedures are simulated,
including Course to Altitude (CA) legs and manually activating a missed approach via the PROC MENU (or
by manually activating the next leg).
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The LD APR softkey on the Nearest Airport page, and the ability to view available approaches on the Airport Info page using the
APR softkey, are not simulated.
Trip Planning
Automatic Page and Flight Plan Modes are simulated, and trip planning information, fuel information,
and other information for a specified flight plan or flight plan leg based on automatic data is displayed
on the AUX – TRIP PLANNING page of the MFD. Weight planning is also available, based on fuel sensor
data and the active flight plan (to estimate remaining fuel).
Manual entry of data via Manual Page and Waypoints mode is not simulated.
RAIM Prediction
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) Prediction at the aircraft present position is
simulated on the AUX-GPS STATUS page. RAIM can be made unavailable via the separate G1000 Student
Failure Generator application.
RAIM Prediction at a selected waypoint and WAAS Disabling are not simulated.
Abnormal Operation
Reversion to Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic (OCN) phases of flights is not
simulated.
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
XM Satellite Weather
Optional subscription-based XM Satellite Weather services are not simulated.
WX-500 Stormscope
An optional WXC-500 Stormscope is not simulated.
Terrain and Obstacle Proximity
Red and yellow obstacle icons (<1000’ AGL and >1000’ AGL) are displayed on the:

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


PDF Inset Map
Navigation Map page
Terrain Proximity page
Trip Planning page
Flight plan page
The display and color of an obstacle icon is dependent on the aircraft height above the obstacle.
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Terrain-SVS
Terrain-SVS is not simulated.
TAWS-B
Three TAWS-B Aural Alerts and annunciations are simulated:




Excessive Descent Rate Caution: “TERRAIN” and “Sink Rate”
Excessive Descent Rate Warning: “PULL UP” and “Pull Up”
Altitude Callout “500” (just aural alert): “Five Hundred”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Caution: “TERRAIN” and “Caution, Obstacle; Caution,
Obstacle”)
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance, Premature Descent Alerting, the Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff Alert (“Don’t Sink”), and
the dedicated TAWS-B page are not simulated at this time.
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Basic Traffic Information Service (TIS) functionality is simulated, to help you detect and avoid aircraft
generated by the flight simulation. Traffic Advisory symbols, vectors, altitude differences, and altitude
trends are displayed on the:






PFD Inset Map
Navigation Page Map
Traffic Map Page
Trip Planning Page
Nearest Pages
Active Flight Plan Page
TIS Alerts simulated include:
 Aural “Traffic”
 “TRAFFIC” annunciation on PFD
Additionally, the PFD Inset Map auto-displays when a Traffic Advisory is detected.
Traffic Advisory System (TAS)
The Mode S transponder-based Traffic Advisory System is not simulated.
ADS-B Traffic
The GDL 90 data link radio-based Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Traffic function
is not simulated.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
The G1000 Student Simulator includes an integrated Garmin GFC 700 digital Automatic Flight Control
System (AFCS) that realistically simulates the Flight Director and Autopilot. Flight Director command bars
and AFCS status are displayed on the PFD.
AFCS Status Alerts and Overspeed Protection are not simulated.
Vertical modes simulated include:
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




Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS)
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC)
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV)
Glidepath Mode (GP) (WAAS Only)
Glideslope Mode (GS)
Go Around Mode (GA)
Go Around Mode (GA) is activated by pressing a key command assigned to “GAButton” in the F1G1000_keyboard.ini. (If running
the G1000 Student Simulator and the flight simulation on the same PC, note that the G1000 Student Simulator must have
“focus” in Windows when the GA key command is pressed—click in a G1000 Student window before pressing the key command).
Pressing the GA key command engages the flight director in a wings-level, pitch-up attitude, allowing the execution of a missed
approach or a go around.
Automatic activation of the missed approach when the selected navigation source is GPS or when the navigation source is
VOR/LOC and a valid frequency has been tuned is not simulated at this time.
Lateral modes simulated include:




Roll Hold Mode (ROL)
Heading Select Mode (HDG)
Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)
Approach Modes (GPS, VAPP, LOC)
Control Wheel Steering (CWS) is not simulated.
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The following additional G1000 features are not simulated:
•
•
•
•
Synthetic Vision System (SVS)(Optional)
SafeTaxi® diagrams
ChartView and FliteCharts® electronic charts (Optional)
AOPA Airport Directory
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•
•
•
•
•
XM Radio entertainment (Optional)
Scheduler
Electronic Checklists (Optional)
Flight Data Logging
Auxiliary Video (Optional)
ABNORMAL OPERATION
Reversionary Mode
Reversionary Mode (in which all important flight information is displayed on one display) can be
manually activated by pressing the Display Backup button on the Audio Panel. Reversionary Mode is
simulated on both the PFD and the MFD.
When used with Virtual Instructor Station Pro (VISPRO) and the G1000 Failures plug-in for VISPRO, you
can realistically simulate the switch to Reversionary Mode after a display failure, and present students
with challenging scenarios that test their ability to deal with failures when they’re least likely to be able
to handle them.
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