ACOM 2000A User Manual(ACOM 2000A Manual)

ACOM2000A
AUTOMATIC HF LINEAR AMPLIFIER
OPERATING MANUAL
Outstanding HF Power Products
ACOM OOD
Blvd. Nikola Mushanov 151
1330 Sofia, Bulgaria
phone: +359 2 920 96 55
fax:
+359 2 920 96 56
e-mail: acom@acom-bg.com
acom@mail.orbitel.bg
www.acom-bg.com
Outstanding HF Power Products
Table of Contents
1. GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-1. Introduction and Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-2. Owner Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-3. Equipment Supplied and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-4. Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-5. Safety Considerations, Explicit Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2-1. Unpacking and Initial Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2-2. Line Voltage Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2-3. Transformer Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2-4. Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2-5. Installation of Optional Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3. POWER ON, RCU CONTROLS, INDICATORS AND MENUS . . . . . . 12
4. AUTO MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4-1. MAIN MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4-2. AUTO TUNE procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4-3. Erasing USER segments (return to DEFAULT- tunings) . . . . . . . . . 22
5. MANUAL MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5-1. MANUAL TUNE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5-2. MEASURE function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5-3. SERVICE procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5-4. CAT SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5-5. MORE SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5-6. HELP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6. OFF MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6-1. CALL SIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6-2. AUTO ANTENNA CHANGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6-3. AUTO OPERATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6-4. SELF ADDRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
1
6-5. CLEAR THE USER TUNINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6-6. CLEAR THE MEMORY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
7. CAT OPERATION AND CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
8. MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
8-1. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
8-2. Backup Battery Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
8-3. Fuse Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
8-4. Tube Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
8-5. The ACOM2000A Simplified Schematic Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
8-6. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
9 SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
9-1. Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
9-2. Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
9-3. Storage and Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
10. BRIEF MENU GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
2
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
1-1. Introduction and Description
This manual explains the installation, operation and maintenance of the ACOM2000A automatic
HF linear amplifier.
The ACOM2000A is a complete and self-contained linear amplifier that covers all amateur bands
from 1.8 through 30MHz, has automatic self-tune capability, and provides up to 1500W output
power with less than 60W exciter drive. The amplifier can tolerate loads up to 3:1 VSWR (2:1
on 160 meters) and the process of matching the antenna impedance to the optimum load of the
tubes is automated. It features a Remote Control Unit (RCU), contains nonvolatile memory for
settings on up to ten different antennas per frequency segment, and offers command capability
for use with an external automatic antenna selector and/or automatic antenna tuner. Transmit
/ receive switching is capable of full break-in operation (QSK) via an internal vacuum relay.
All indicators and controls (except the primary mains switch and indicator) are available via the
Remote Control Unit - RCU. All command input to the RCU is menu-driven.
1-2. Owner Assistance
If assistance is needed, you should contact your local dealer. If necessary, your dealer will
contact ACOM for additional guidance. If you still have an issue you need to discuss with one
of ACOM's specialists, the contact information is as follows: fax: + 359 2 920 96 56, e-mail:
acom@acom-bg.com, acom@mail.orbitel.bg or by mail: blvd.”Nikola Mushanov” 151, 1330
Sofia, Bulgaria.
1-3. Equipment Supplied and Options
The ACOM 2000A amplifier is shipped in two cardboard cartons. One carton contains the power
transformer; the second carton contains the amplifier. The remote control unit (RCU) is shipped
inside the amplifier in the area where the power transformer will be mounted.
There are several individual purchase options available.
They are:
1) An auxiliary EXTERNAL FAN for continuous modes of operation (rear panel mount)
2) CAT CABLES for connection to the supported transceivers
3) The TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT to this manual, containing electrical diagrams, technical
details on operation and maintenance, as well as a list of command set and local network rules
for RS232 operation.
The Automatic antenna selector ACOM 2000S and Remote antenna switch ACOM 2000SW
are especially designed to complete your ACOM system.
1-4. Features
• Automated matching of the antenna impedance to the optimum load of the tubes during initial
preparation of user tunings.
• Easy to operate. No operator intervention is required when changing antennas or frequency.
Thus the risk of inadvertent errors, such as incorrect antenna selection or failure to change
band switch, is eliminated.
3
• TFT color display. All amplifier status indicators and comments are presented on the Remote
Control Unit (RCU) display. The HELP sub-menu gives on-board technical assistance and
troubleshooting suggestions, power-on elapsed time hours etc. Two color strips display peak
forward and reflected power. Indicators are provided for OPERATE/STANDBY and for fault
conditions.
• Easy maintenance. Information on the amplifier’s internal status is stored in an "INFO BOX"
for the 12 most recent protection faults. This information can be read directly from RCU display
by the operator.
• Less QRM, improved Electro Magnetic Compatibility during tuning. Retuning can be achieved
in three ways: manually via the RCU, by the transceiver’s CAT system, or with a very short
transmission - a single word on SSB or a dot (even at 40 wpm) on the new frequency is enough
to change bands or segments automatically in a second. Also, the initial process of user tuning
settings preparation is done in less than three seconds at a quarter of nominal output power.
• Saves space on the operating table. Since the amplifier is controlled by the RCU, the main
unit can be located up to 20 meters (65 feet) from the operating position. The supplied 3 meter
(10 ft) cable may be easily extended to the needed length.
• Operates automatically without special signals from the transceiver - “ground on TX” (PTT)
and 60W RF drive power are sufficient to control and operate the amplifier.
• CAT connection to most transceiver models.
• Broadband input matching circuit resulting in very good load to the transceiver over the entire
short wave spectrum.
• Uses two 4CX800A (GU74B / ГУ74Б) Svetlana (Светлана) high performance ceramic-metal
tetrodes with plate dissipation of 800W each (forced air cooling, grid-driven).
• ACOM maintains strict adherence to the tube manufacturer’s specifications for cooling and for
the sequence of applying and removing the different tube voltages. Starting filament current is
limited, and there is constant monitoring and protection of all supply voltages and currents. The
Bias Optimizer decreases the heat dissipated from the tubes, and there is automatic protection
against overheating or insufficient air flow.
• A novel and innovative output RF Arc protection is employed. It safeguards the amplifier,
antenna, antenna selector and tuner against severe damage in case of possible break down.
• High voltage power supply inrush current protection which eliminates the danger of affecting
sensitive devices, connected to the same mains circuit. The amplifier can be configured for 5
nominal line voltages: 100, 120, 200, 220 and 240VAC (50 or 60Hz). Other nominal values
possible on request.
• Continuous measuring and/or monitoring of 20 most important parameters of the amplifier,
exciter and antennas via RCU and computer as described in the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT.
• All functions are accessible from a computer via RS232 serial port connection. Also, local
networking capability exists for more than one set of amplifier / antenna units working in a system.
1-5. Safety Considerations, Explicit Definitions
The ACOM2000A Automatic HF Linear Amplifier is a Safety Class I unit, i.e. the third grounding
lead of its mains cord (which is colored yellow with two green stripes) and the ground stud on
the rear panel of the amplifier, marked GND, both must be connected to the station's grounding
4
system for safe operation. The amplifier is designed to meet international safety standards
and complies with CE safety and electromagnetic compatibility requirements, as well as FCC
regulations.
This operating manual contains information, precautions, indications for cautions and warnings
which must be followed by the user to ensure safe operation and to keep the ACOM2000A in
safe operating condition.
PRECAUTIONS:
The EXPLICIT DEFINITIONS described below apply to this operating manual:
W A R N I N G notes call attention to a procedure which, if not correctly performed,
could result in personal injury, fire hazard or electric shock.
C A U T I O N notes call attention to a procedure which, if not correctly performed, could
result in equipment damage, not only in the amplifier.
N O T E notes call attention to a procedure which, if not correctly performed, could
result in inconvenience.
W A R N I N G HIGH VOLTAGE!
The amplifier works with high voltages up to 3000V, which are LETHAL!
Also, for your safety, pull the amplifier power plug out of the mains wall
outlet and WAIT AT LEAST 30 minutes EACH TIME BEFORE you remove
the cover of the amplifier. Do not touch any part inside while the amplifier
is open because some residual voltages may still be present.
W A R N I N G HIGH VOLTAGE!
Never allow anyone, ESPECIALLY CHILDREN, to push anything into
holes in the case - this will cause electric shock. NEVER TOUCH AN
ANTENNA during transmission - this may result in an electric shock or
burn. NEVER EXPOSE the amplifier to rain, snow or any liquids. AVOID
placing the amplifier in excessively dusty environments or in direct
sunlight. DO NOT OBSTRUCT AIR INTAKE (rear panel) and EXHAUST
(top cover) areas of the amplifier. Keep a minimum distance of 10cm (4
inches) to the intake and 50cm (20 inches) to the exhaust.
WARNING
Do not undertake on your own repairs or changes in hardware or software
of the amplifier in order not to endanger your or other’s health and life
and not to damage the amplifier and the equipment connected with it,
not covered by warranty. The manufacturer is not liable for another’s
actions and responsibility shall be assumed by the doer.
CAUTION
To avoid damage (not covered under warranty) read the Installation - Section 2
of this operating manual carefully. If you have any doubts about the installation,
operation or safety of the amplifier, please consult your dealer.
5
2. INSTALLATION
2-1. Unpacking and Initial Inspection
NOTE
Before you start any action on installing the amplifier, thoroughly read through
this manual. First, carefully inspect both cardboard cartons and their contents
for physical damage. If damage is apparent, notify your dealer immediately.
Delay may infringe carrier's warranty conditions. Keep all packing for possible
future transportation!
In order to take the RCU out of the amplifier, remove the cover by removing all screws except
the eight located in the tube exhaust areas. Remove the plastic tubes holders but keep them
for possible future transportation. Do not remove the silicone rubber chimneys!
W A R N I N G HIGH VOLTAGE!
Check the HV Crowbar (Fig. 2-1) - it must reliably short the HV lead to
the chassis when the cover is removed.
Take the RCU out and free the compartment for installing the transformer. Carefully inspect the
RCU and the amplifier main components for any possible shipping damage.
NOTE
Check carefully the serial numbers of amplifier and tubes with the Table of
Individual Data (Table 2-1). If you find any discrepancies, notify your dealer
immediately to have your warranty information corrected.
AMP s/n
Front tube s/n
Rear tube s/n
Voltage Selector Position
Optional Fan Output Voltage
Table 2-1. ACOM2000A Individual Data
2-2. Line Voltage Selection
CAUTION
To avoid damage (not covered under warranty), verify that the voltage for
which the amplifier is set corresponds to your mains nominal voltage. Most
120V and especially 100V domestic mains installations may not withstand the
current consumption and you will have to reduce the output power to about
1000W PEP. In USA, 240V is strongly recommended.
6
Normally the amplifier is supplied with Voltage Selector set for a nominal mains voltage of
240V. There might be exceptions in cases of special delivery and then the voltage set is noted
in the Table of Individual Data (Table 2-1). If your mains has a different nominal voltage, it will
be necessary for you to contact your dealer or see the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT for details.
2-3. Transformer Installation
CAUTION
After installing the transformer, the weight of the unit is about 35kg (78 lbs),
which should preferably be handled by two persons. An assistant may be
needed to hold the amplifier steady during transformer installation.
Position the amplifier, with the transformer not yet installed, flat on a table near the place where
it will be used. During the process described below, when the amplifier cover is removed, take
care not to torque or twist the chassis nor let the amplifier stand on edge. Do not lift the unit by
only one corner.
Orient the amplifier on the table so that the transformer compartment is in front of you (Fig.2-1)
HV PCB
HV Connector
....
HV Crowbar
AC Power
Console Mains Connector
Motor Voltage Connector
SG Voltage Connector
Fig.2-1 Transformer Installation
Take the transformer out of the carton and remove the shipping board but do not discard the
shipping board or the bolts. For transformer mounting, four shorter bolts (M8x16mm) are
provided in a polyethylene envelope inside the same carton. Use the polyethylene envelope to
store the longer shipping bolts. Keep the board together with the four long bolts and all packing
for possible future transportation of the transformer.
7
Move the transformer, using its rope sling handle, into the compartment. Take care not to
damage the wiring or components and position the transformer so that the captive nuts are
aligned with the corresponding chassis holes. Make sure that the transformer is centered. The
transformer bolts must be installed NOW for safe operation.
Holding its two sides (front and back) simultaneously, pull the amplifier towards you just far
enough that the two outside transformer captive nuts appear off the table edge. Support the
amplifier until your assistant loosely screws in the two outside transformer-mounting bolts. Pull
the amplifier a further 12-13cm (about 5 inches) until the other two captive nuts appear off
the table edge. Keep supporting the amplifier until your assistant loosely screws them in. After
checking that the transformer is centered, tighten all 4 bolts. Now move the amplifier back over
the table.
The transformer's Mains Connector plugs into the AC power console (Fig.2-1). The other three
connectors (HV, Motors Voltage & Screen Grid Voltage) plug into the HIGH VOLTAGE PCB,
clearly seen on top.
Replace the cover and carefully reinstall all screws.
2-4. Connections
The amplifier is now ready to be connected to your station. Connection must be accomplished
in the order described below, before you apply mains voltage to the amplifier.
WARNING
Have in mind that the grounding system may have to withstand currents
over 20A with insignificant voltage drop on it. Therefore it may be
necessary to improve it considerably (to become lower-resistive, i.e.
with heavier leads and lower-resistive ground path). The grounding leads
should be at least 8mm2 (AWG 8 or SWG 10).
Fig. 2-2 Amplifier Main Unit Connections
8
Fig.2-3 Amplifier Remote Control Unit Connections
9
Fig.2-4 Main Unit, RCU, Antenna Selector, and Transceiver connections
a) Connect the ground stud of the amplifier Main Unit (on the rear panel, marked GND) to
the station's grounding system (Fig.2-2, Fig.2-3 & Fig 2-4).
b) Connect a coaxial cable with a PL-259 plug from the transceiver output to the amplifier
rear panel RF INPUT socket.
CAUTION
If this is the first time you will use a high power amplifier in your station, pay
attention to the coaxial cable type from the amplifier’s output. It must handle
the increased power safely - particularly on the higher frequency bands. We
recommend you use RG213 or better coaxial cable. Similar good quality coaxial
cable should be used throughout your antenna system. Check the power
capability of the antenna selector, the tuner and the antenna itself (especially
multiband trap antennas).
CAUTION
Do not use your transceiver’s internal tuner with the 2000A –this can damage
the input of the 2000A
c) Connect a coaxial cable from the amplifier output (on the rear panel, marked RF OUTPUT)
with a PL-259 plug to the antenna selector or tuner or to the antenna for the respective band
NOTE
Your amplifier will not work if KEY-IN is not connected properly.
Transceiver producers give different names to this output and they are for instance TX-GND,
SEND, T/R-LINE, etc. Some transceivers require that “ground on transmit” is implemented via
a software command, or by changing the setting of a switch on the rear panel, or interior of the
transceiver. Check your transceiver’s manual.
d) Run a cable terminated in a RCA phono plug from the transceiver socket providing “ground
on transmit” to the RCU rear panel KEY-IN socket.
NOTE
If there is a CAT connection between your amplifier and your transceiver, which
carries also the KEY-IN signal, you don’t need a separate KEY-IN cable. Not
all transceivers however have this capability. Please see section 7 for more
details.
e) The KEY-OUT socket on the RCU rear panel provides an extra control signal from the amplifier
to the transceiver. It could be used to improve the transmit/receive switching.
If your transceiver has a suitable input that disables transmission, we recommend that you
connect it with a cable terminated in a Phono connector to the KEY-OUT socket of the RCU.
Transceiver producers give different names to this input and they are for instance TX-INHIBIT,
MUTE, LINEAR, etc. Check your transceiver’s manual. Consult your dealer or see the
TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT for details.
If your transceiver has not such an input don’t worry - the amplifier will function normally as well
and then the KEY-OUT may remain unused.
10
NOTE
If there is a CAT connection between your amplifier and your transceiver,
which carries also the KEY-OUT signal, you don’t need a separate KEY-OUT
cable. Please see section 7.
f) Connect the supplied DB9 / DB9+2RCA control cable between the RCU connector marked
AMPL and the amplifier REMOTE CONTROL connector. Plug in the two Phono connectors
marked KEY-IN and KEY-OUT to the respective amplifier sockets. Screw in the knurled screws
g) To control the amplifier via CAT you will need a special cable from the transceiver to the High
Density HD-15 connector on the RCU rear panel, marked CAT. The HD-15 pinout and cable
diagrams for various transceivers are shown in section 7. The cable can be supplied as an
option with the amplifier or purchased separately or you can assemble your own. Check with
your dealer for cable options for your transceiver.
h) Automatic antenna selector ACOM 2000S can be connected to the respective connector on
the RCU rear panel.
i) The ALC output of the amplifier normally remains unused. In case of need of ALC for your
transceiver, which we do not recommend, you may contact your dealer or see the TECHNICAL
SUPPLEMENT.
j) The connector on the amplifier rear panel, marked RS232 INTERFACE, remains unused
until you decide to use the amplifier with a computer or in a local network as described in the
TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT.
CAUTION
Do not connect to the connector, marked RS-232 a "standard" cable because
this may result in damage in both - amplifier or connected equipment. In order
to use the RS-232 interface, a special cable must be prepared. Contact your
dealer or see TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT for details.
k) Mains plug and fuses.
WARNING
If your amplifier is only fitted with one mains fuse, it is suitable for
0-220/240 VAC electricity supplies ONLY (these supplies are standard in
the European Community). Your dealer will check that your amplifier is
correctly fused before it is shipped to you. Customers should check with
a qualified electrician if the amplifier is to be used outside the country
in which it was purchased.
Due to the different standards in different countries, the mains plug is supplied and mounted by
the dealer. He connects to the mains cord end a standard mains plug which meets the Safety
Class I units standard in your country. The ground lead of the amplifier's mains cord is colored
yellow with two green stripes and the blue and brown leads are active. When the amplifier is to
be used with only one mains fuse, it is connected in series with the brown lead which must be
the active. If you have any doubts about the correct way of connecting the wires, consult your
dealer. All amplifiers sold in the USA will have two fused leads.
l) Preparation of wall outlet for the amplifier.
11
WARNING
Before connecting the amplifier to your mains supply, be sure that the
supply is correctly wired, and is adequate for the current drawn by the
amplifier. Make certain that the grounding lead is connected properly in
the wall outlet for the amplifier.
It is preferable that you use the wall outlet closest to the source. The installation leads should
be at least 2.5mm2 (AWG 12 or SWG 15). Check if the respective fuses can handle current up
to 20A, as well as if the voltage corresponds to the voltage for which the amplifier is set (S.2-2).
If you connect the amplifier to a different mains outlet, be sure that you check it, too.
Make sure the main Power Switch on the front panel is in OFF position (so that the red strip on
the switch is hidden) and insert amplifier's mains plug into the wall outlet prepared for it. The
amplifier remains switched off.
2-5. Installation of Optional Fan
This fan is not necessary in SSB and CW modes, nor in continuous carrier modes (RTTY, SSTV
etc.) with carrier down times of maximum 15 minutes and a subsequent pause of 3 minutes. For
higher duties the fan is recommended. The auxiliary fan (119x119mm) is supplied as an option
with a set of 8 screws, nuts and washers. It may be mounted by the manufacturer or dealer
on request (Fig. 2-2). Contact your dealer or see the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT for details.
3. POWER ON, RCU CONTROLS, INDICATORS AND MENUS
CAUTION
Before you turn the amplifier on, at least 2 hours should have expired since
it was brought in and unpacked in the room where it will be used. Pay
particular attention when you move it from a very cold into a very warm place
- condensation is likely and this could result in damage to the high voltage
circuits. In such a case, wait at least 4 hours. A similar effect can occur after
a rapid warming of the operating room (for instance after switching on a
powerful heater).
CAUTION
To avoid damage (not covered under warranty) carefully check that the voltage
for which the amplifier is set corresponds to your mains nominal voltage (see
S.2-2 and table 2-1).
After following all instructions in S.2, you can turn ON the Main power switch on the rear
panel (Fig. 2-2). The front-panel red indicator must light and a picture will appear on the RCU
(Fig.3-1):
12
Fig.3-1 Remote Control Unit (RCU)
NOTE
The owner's call sign will be only displayed after it has been programmed into
the RCU. See Section 6-1 for details on programming your callsign.
In this condition, only the RCU is operational, while the amplifier itself is still fully off.
Nevertheless, you have access to the HELP feature (at the left bottom corner, see S5.6) and
you can switch antennas if the ACOM2000S automatic antenna selector and the ACOM2000SW
remote antenna switch are installed. The assigned number and name of the currently used
antenna is shown at the right bottom corner of the display, just above the antenna-change key.
Except for the main power switch on the front panel, the amplifier is controlled via the RCU
(see Fig 3-1).The amplifier is toggled ON or OFF by pressing the red ON/OFF button. There
are two more “fixed function” buttons located at the left bottom – the OPR button which is used
to toggle between OPERATE and STANDBY (STB) modes, and the SET/EXIT button - to enter
and exit the menus.
The six buttons immediately below the bottom of the display are “soft keys” and their function
can vary depending on what the context is at the time. As you explore the various functions of
the amplifier, the functions of these buttons are explained in detail.
The control of the amplifier is structured in two menus - OFF and MAIN, each having several
sub-menus (fig.3-2):
13
Fig.3-2 Menu Structure (see also S.10)
NOTE
We recommend that before powering up the amplifier for the first time, you
familiarize yourself with the functions of the RCU in the OFF menu. The
available controls and indications seen on the RCU are similar in both the
OFF and MAIN menus.
You can proceed in one of two directions:
a) you can enter the OFF menu (see below) or:
b) you can turn on the amplifier and begin the warm-up sequence. After 2.5 minutes you will
enter the MAIN menu (see S.4-1) and may start operating the amplifier.
The OFF-menu (see also section 6) can be reached by pressing the SET/EXIT button:
14
Fig.3-3 RCU display - OFF MENU
By means of the UP and DOWN keys you can select one of the listed items. Then with the left
and right arrow buttons you choose the desired value or move the colored frame on it.
The call sign character positions are selected by left and right arrow buttons. The character
in a selected position is changed by means of the UP and DOWN keys. Push the left button
repeatedly to return to the items list.
To exit the OFF menu, press the SET/EXIT button again.
The purpose and use of the OFF menu settings are described in detail in Section 6, after the
description of the basic functions and use of the amplifier.
4. AUTO MODE
Operation of the 2000A amplifier is simplified a great deal due to the high degree of automation.
You can start operation immediately after it is installed. However, to make full use of its
possibilities and to fully configure the amplifier we recommend that you thoroughly read the
following information.
4-1. MAIN MENU
a) TURNING ON
In order to turn on the amplifier, while the rear panel Switch (Fig. 2-2) is on, press the red button
on the RCU and hold it on for about one second and you will hear "TEST" being sent in CW.
After successfully passing the INITIAL SELFTEST, the following display appears:
15
Fig.4-1 RCU display during warmup
A 2.5 minutes tube warm-up period follows during which heater and bias voltages are applied.
During warm-up the amplifier remains in STB, so you can operate with the transceiver only.
You can also change the antennas manually or read the HELP texts during the warm-up period.
NOTE
When you intend to have a brief pause in operating (e.g. less than 30 minutes),
it is better to leave the amplifier in STB mode instead of turning it off. Tube life
may be shortened by repeatedly turning on and off the tube heater supply. If
you are concerned about this, discuss it with your dealer.
NOTE
However, if you unintentionally power-off the amplifier, it is best to switch it
on again immediately. When the pause is short (up to one minute) and the
cathodes are still warm, the warm-up period is shortened significantly, which
reduces the waiting time and prolongs the tube's expected life.
b) MAIN MENU
After the indicated warming up period expires, all voltages are automatically applied to the tubes
in the correct sequence. At the same time the stepper motors conduct a self-test and finally
tune the plate circuit to the frequency segment on which the amplifier was last used. You hear
"R" being sent in CW and the MAIN MENU appears on the TFT display (see figure 4-2 below)
16
:
Fig.4-2 RCU display - MAIN MENU
The RCU display provides information about the current operational condition of the amplifier. You
can see three bar graphs: Forward Power, Reflected Power (RFL) and Exhaust Air Temperature.
Unless transmitting, only the last one is active, indicating the Exhaust Air temperature in degrees
C.
The whole HF spectrum is divided into 250 segments. Segment width increases with frequency
from 25kHz on 160m to 300kHz on 10m. You can use up to ten different antennas and tunings
per segment. This may be useful with narrow-bandwidth antennas.
The frequency segment on which the amplifier is tuned (in MHz) is indicated on the left-hand
side on the display. (28.300 to 28.600 in Figure 4-2 above).
Below the frequency segment, the number of the antenna in use is displayed along with its
name, and how the antenna was selected – manual or auto.
If the CAT connection to the transceiver is turned on, the transceiver type is shown at the left
side under the antenna field.
At the bottom left it is shown the tune type for the current frequency segment and antenna (in
Figure 4-2, DEFAULT is shown indicating as factory programmed). The amplifier may also be
user-tuned by means of the AUTO TUNE procedure as explained in Section 4-2.
Next to the tune type there is an indication for operate (OPR) or Standby (STB) mode.
At the bottom right there are three indicators available which warn you with yellow light when
the heater voltage, the plate current, or the drive RF power are approaching their limits.
c) ON AIR
If the VSWR of the antenna is acceptable (below 1.5:1) or you have fresh USER TUNINGS readily
prepared (see S.4-2), you may start operating the amplifier immediately after pressing the OPR
(Operate) button. The label STB on the display changes to OPR and you may transmit. The
bar graph on the upper line indicates the power fed into the antenna (forward power) and the
smaller bar graph below - the power reflected from the antenna (RFL). The difference between
17
the two is the real output power delivered from the amplifier. The red TX sign illuminates (See
fig 4-3) whenever KEY-IN input is keyed, i.e. the transceiver goes into transmit mode.
If the CAT connection is active and the amplifier is in OPERATE mode, it will continuously track
the transceiver frequency and will automatically tune up when entering a new segment.
If there is no active CAT connection to the transceiver, and you start transmitting on a frequency
different from the indicated segment (and the amplifier is in OPERATE mode), it automatically
senses your operating frequency, selects the corresponding segment, and tunes up on it. This
retuning takes less than one second and you are immediately ready to operate on the new
band. Example:
Fig. 4-3 RCU display Main Menu during transmission
In the example, a signal frequency between 3650 and 3700kHz was applied and antenna No
3 (named DIPOLE) was last used there with tuning done by the user.
NOTE
If in the OFF-menu (see S.6-2) AUTO ANTENNA CHANGE is set to OFF, then
the antenna number would not change.
A new frequency segment can be selected in three ways:
- as mentioned above, by the CAT system;
- by the internal frequency counter, after a short duration transmission from the transceiver
(with the amplifier in OPR mode) - a single word in SSB or a dot in CW (even at 40 wpm) would
be enough;
- manually, in the MAIN-menu by selecting the desired segment by means of the BAND
SEGMENT up and down buttons.
- You can select the automatic segment change mode by means of the CAT (FREQ) leftmost
button.
18
d) A new antenna can be selected while in the MAIN-menu by the means of the ANTENNA up
or down buttons . If you don’t have the Automatic antenna selector ACOM 2000S (and ACOM
2000SW remote antenna switch) installed, pushing these buttons would change only the settings
stored in the amplifier memory for each antenna.
e) TURNING OFF
In order to turn the amplifier off, press the red ON/OFF button on the RCU. If you are not going
to use the amplifier for a long time (more than 30 minutes), it is best to turn off the amplifier
using the rear panel switch (Fig. 2-2) as well.
4-2. AUTO TUNE procedure
a) Let us examine the difference between the two types: DEFAULT- and USER- tunings.
DEFAULT tuning settings are permanently available in your amplifier memory. They are normally
used when the load VSWR at the input end of the feed line is very low.
Real loads often have VSWR greater than 1.5:1, which usually requires the use of an outboard
antenna tuner. Your amplifier will perform adequately with up to a VSWR 3:1, or up to 2:1 on
160m if you prepare USER tunings. This is a fully automatic procedure of matching the real
load impedance to the optimum tubes load. Note: This is NOT equivalent to using an external
antenna tuner and does not change the SWR your transceiver will “see” when the amplifier is
in STB mode.
User tuning settings are memorized and stored in a nonvolatile memory. They will be retrieved
automatically each time you change the operating frequency or antenna number as described
in the previous section. This may enable you to use the amplifier without an outboard antenna
tuner over a wider frequency range and to change frequencies and antennas faster than would
otherwise be possible with other amplifiers.
The amplifier is capable of memorizing up to 10 different antenna tunings for each frequency
segment, irrespective whether they are for different antennas or for different environment
conditions (for example wet and dry weather on the same antenna).
NOTE
REFLECTED POWER readings and the measured VSWR depend on the load
impedance only and not on the amplifier tuning. If the impedance is different
from the nominal (50 Ohm pure resistive), the REFLECTED POWER bargraph
will always indicate the reflected power presence (even at actual USR-tuning).
The proper USR tuning will, however, allow you to operate with greater power
without distortions and danger to the amplifier.
The real power in the load is equal to the difference between the FORWARD- and REFLECTEDbargraph readings. For instance, at indicator reading for FORWARD 1775W, and for
REFLECTED 275W, the real output power is 1500W. At very high VSWR (lack of antenna or
shortened antenna), the FORWARD and REFLECTED readings will be almost equal, while the
real output power (the difference between them) will be practically zero.
The amplifier can operate safely if the following rule is obeyed: "REFLECTED POWER < 500W".
Matching can be assured for loads with VSWR up to 3:1 (for 160m - 2:1). Nevertheless, for
some loads matching is possible even at higher VSWR.
19
CAUTION
Using a feeder of coaxial cable at VSWR > 3:1 on HF bands is not
recommended. At such high values of VSWR, the high voltages, high currents,
and heat associated with line losses, risk permanently damaging the coaxial
cable.
Always prefer USER- to DEFAULT-tunings and update them periodically, in particular when you
install a new antenna or when a significant change in the environment occurs (snow, ice, newly
appeared or removed massive objects, power lines etc.) that would cause significant changes
in the antenna impedance.
b) Procedure for preparation of USER-tunings.
We recommend that you prepare USER-tunings for the center frequencies of the segments,
but you can do them for other preferred frequencies.
NOTE
If you use more than one antenna per segment, it is necessary that you select
the proper antenna number (see S.4-1d) BEFORE the next step. Otherwise
you may "overwrite" some useful tuning for another antenna number.
The following instructions are valid if your amplifier is not connected to the transceiver by CAT
(or the CAT connection is of RX only type, which is rare but possible if there are other devices
connected via Y cable).
If there is a two-way CAT connection between the transceiver and ACOM2000A, skip to para.
4-2c.
To begin AUTO TUNE while in the MAIN menu, press the TUNE button and you will see the
following display:
Fig.4-4 RCU display - AUTO TUNE
20
The amplifier will wait for you to apply between 10 and 20W continuous (CW) carrier signal on
the desired frequency. If you don’t begin transmitting within 40 seconds, the amplifier will return
back to the MAIN menu.
The automatic matching process starts the moment power remains constant within the indicated
boundaries. This is shown by the bottom bar graph, which indicates the applied input power
and glows in green:
If the drive power is less than 10W or greater than 20W, the yellow arrows will remind you to
correspondingly increase or decrease the drive:
The antenna impedance matching process is completed in less than 3 seconds and “AUTO
TUNE COMPLETED PLEASE REMOVE DRIVE message is displayed as shown in figure 4-5
and the letter "S" is being sent in CW:
Fig.4-5 RCU display - end of AUTO TUNE
NOTE
If the KEY-OUT control is used (see S.2-4e), the above message will be skipped.
If for some reason matching cannot be accomplished successfully (for example excessive VSWR
or unstable drive power during tune-up), the process ends up with the choice of DEF-tuning
and you will hear “K” being sent in CW.
21
Fig.4-6 RCU display – AUTO TUNE fail
After removing drive power, the RCU returns automatically to the MAIN menu with USER or
DEFAULT indicated
c) If you are using your ACOM2000A connected by CAT to a transceiver, the USER tuning
preparation procedure is extremely simple.
- If the transceiver is FT-450, FT-950, FT-2000, FT-3000, FT-5000, FT-9000, IC-756PROIII, IC7410, IC-7600, IC-7700, IC-7800, K3, TS-480, TS-590, TS-990, TS-2000, or another modern
CAT protocol enabled radio, you need only to push the RCU TUNE button. ACOM 2000A will
do the rest by itself.
- If your transceiver is not one of those listed above and its output power can’t be controlled
by CAT, you must set the output power to between 10 and 20W and push the TUNE button, or
reduce the power and adjust it as explained above in para 4-2b after pushing the TUNE button.
4-3. Erasing USER segments (return to DEFAULT- tunings)
If you wish to clear a USR setting for a frequency segment and/or antenna, there are two ways
this can be accomplished:
a) to clear all memorized USR-tuning settings – while in OFF MENU, select “CLEAR the USER
TUNINGS” (see S.6-5)
b) for separate segments and/or antennas:
select the segment and antenna for which you want to erase the USR-tuning (see S.4-1c,d).
enter “MANUAL MODE”, select “SETTINGS“ and choose “CLEAR THE SEGMENT TUNING”
(see S.5-5c)
22
5. MANUAL MODES
Pushing the SET/EXIT key while in main menu will get you to the MANUAL MODE:
Fig.5-1 RCU display - MANUAL MODE
Now you have access to some functions, procedures, and settings, which are marked on the
soft key prompting labels.
5-1. MANUAL TUNE
CAUTION
During the manual tune process, be certain to keep transmissions to less than
3 minutes in duration and leave pauses of 1-2 minutes between transmissions
for cooling of the tubes.
If for some reason you prefer to match the antenna impedance manually, you can do so through
the MAN TUNE procedure. The procedure starts the same as for AUTO TUNE, but you will
need to adjust the LOAD and TUNE settings yourself as described below:
23
Fig.5-2 RCU display - MANUAL TUNE
In figure 5-2, graphical representations of the physical positions of the Tune (STEP 101) and
Load (STEP 35) capacitors are depicted above their respective TUNE and LOAD dual-arrow
adjustment buttons. The arrows indicate which way the automatic procedure would move the
motor (they are correct only at drive power of 5 to 50W).
By pressing the left and right arrow buttons you can increase or decrease the step number
which in turn moves the motors and capacitors. To end the manual tune procedure and save
the tuning as USER, remove drive power and press the SAVE button.
If you decide to leave the procedure without overwriting the current tuning, push the SET/
EXIT button.
If you adhere to the tune-up criteria following the arrow prompts, you will achieve the same
results as AUTO TUNE. Because of this, the MAN.TUNE procedure is only appropriate if
you have tune-up criteria of your own. We recommend you use the AUTO TUNE procedure
instead.
5-2. MEASURE function
The function MEASURE controls the technical state of the amplifier and the parameters
associated with it. The TFT display is divided into two equal display areas, and in either you can
monitor any of the 20 parameters provided for measuring, for example GRID BIAS VOLTAGE
and DC SCREEN VOLTAGE:
24
Fig.5-3 RCU display - MEASURE
With the up and down buttons you can select the item to be measured (listed in an alphabetic
order).
During measuring, the amplifier can be used and controlled in OPR or STB modes, to transmit
and change the frequency segment and antenna if a new frequency is applied to it. Return to
the MAIN - menu is done by the SET/EXIT button.
The following is a list of parameters that can be measured:
AMPLIFIER POWER GAIN
DC POWER INPUT
DRIVE RF POWER
EXHAUST AIRFLOW TEMPERATURE - FRONT TUBE
EXHAUST AIRFLOW TEMPERATURE - REAR TUBE
FILAMENT CURRENT - FRONT TUBE
FILAMENT CURRENT - REAR TUBE
FILAMENT VOLTAGE
GRID BIAS VOLTAGE
GRID DC CURRENT
LAST FREQUENCY USED
LOAD (ANTENNA) VOLTAGE STANDING WAVE RATIO
LOAD (ANTENNA) FORWARD POWER
MAINS INPUT VOLTAGE
PLATE DC CURRENT
PLATE HIGH VOLTAGE VALUE
POWER REFLECTED FROM LOAD (ANTENNA)
PLATE RF AMPLITUDE (PEAK VALUE)
SCREEN DC CURRENT
SCREEN DC VOLTAGE
25
5-3. SERVICE procedure
The procedure SERVICE can be selected and used only in STB mode. It is used for adjustment
of the zero-signal plate current and the optical sensors disks during repair. We recommend this
procedure to be carried out only by a trained service technician.
Fig.5-4 RCU display - SERVICE
When selecting TUNE, LOAD or BAND, the respective motor can be moved step by step CCW
or CW with the left and right arrow buttons. The positions of the motors are shown in a numerical
and in a graphical form. The status LIGHT or DARK of the respective optical sensors are also
displayed.
When the BIAS function is activated, it starts an automatic switching queue over three different
grid bias voltages. The voltages are shown along with the respective measured DC plate current.
This is used when the tube idling current adjustment is required.
If the amplifier remains in the SERVICE sub-menu for more than 5 minutes without any
further RCU input, it will return automatically to the MAIN menu. For more information see the
TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT.
5-4. CAT SETTINGS
Here you set the type of the transceiver connected by CAT to the amplifier. Use the UP and DOWN
buttons to move the pointer and exit with SET/EXIT button. Pay attention to the communication
speed shown in the brackets next to each transceiver type. Set your transceiver serial port to
the same Baud rate (speed).
26
Fig.5-5 RCU display – CAT SETTINGS
A transceiver that is not included in the list still could be CAT connected to the 2000A if its
protocol is compatible with any of the listed transceivers.
Select KENWOOD NEW if your transceiver is TS-570, TS-870, TS-480, TS-590, TS-990, TS2000 or newer.
KENWOOD TS-850 covers also TS-950 as well as TS-440, TS-940 with optional units.
YAESU FT-1000D can be selected for some FT-1000 and FT-990 versions.
YAESU FT-897 covers also FT-847, FT-857 and FT-817.
YAESU NEW includes FT-450, FT-950, FT-2000, FT-3000, FT-5000 and FT-9000 or newer.
5-5. MORE SETTINGS
Some more items can be set through this menu.
Fig.5-6 RCU display – MORE SETTINGS
27
a) LOCK
Once locked through this option, the amplifier can be switched on, but it will not turn into
OPERATE state until entering the same menu and choosing UNLOCK. This feature is intended
to protect the amplifier from children, or from other persons, not familiar with the equipment.
The locked state is indicated by a displayed image of a key.
b) GAIN
NOTE
Inappropriate use of this function may reduce the gain or the maximum
undistorted output power.
In fact, this selection controls the tubes plate load resistance achieved by AUTO TUNE procedure.
When HIGH is selected, a next AUTO TUNE will result in a higher than nominal load resistance,
thus there will be more gain, but less maximum attainable output power. When available drive
power is insufficient or when less output but better efficiency are needed, e.g., for RTTY and
SSTV, this may be desirable and you may select HIGH also at a nominal mains voltage condition.
Selecting LOW would lead to the opposite result, i.e., lower than nominal load resistance, less
gain, and more power attainable. Of course, this requires more drive power, more plate current,
and more plate heat, which shortens tubes expected life. We do not recommend this selection
at normal mains voltage and never at increased mains voltage. You may use it in conditions
with lower than nominal mains voltage.
Departure from NORMAL selection should be mainly used to compensate for small line (mains)
voltage variations in order to maintain tubes efficiency and linearity at deviated mains voltage.
However, when there is more than plus or minus 5% deviation from the nominal line (mains)
voltage, the voltage selector inside the amplifier should be changed (see S2-2).
A LOW-NORMAL-HIGH change requires refreshing the USER tunings in order to take place.
c) CLEAR THE SEGMENT TUNING
Use this entry if you want to erase a single USER tuning. Choosing YES will restore the
DEFAULT tuning for the current segment and antenna at leaving the menu.
d) DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS
The display brightness can be adjusted through the left and right arrow buttons.
e) SOUND
You can turn ON and OFF the RCU internal beeper. When turned ON, the amplifier will alert
you with a beep, or CW characters at the start and at end of some procedures, as warmup
and autotune. Every fault that would trip the protection also will be indicated by letter “F” in
CW.
f) ANTENNAS
To enter the antenna list, press the down button one more time when the marker is on the
last line.
28
Fig.5-7 RCU display – MORE SETTINGS – ANTENNAS
Here you can give a name to each antenna, which will be displayed next to its number on
the screen. First select the antenna number with up and down buttons. Use the left and right
arrow buttons to choose the character position. Then select the character with up and down
keys. The name can consist of up to 8 characters. When finished, return to the antenna
number with the left arrow button. You can return to the first page of MORE SETTINGS menu
with the up key, or you can exit to MANUAL MODE by pressing the SET/EXIT button.
5-6. HELP
When HELP is selected, you can choose one of the help topics by means of the up, down
and select keys. The help topics have the same titles as the sections in this manual. Under
the title AMPLIFIER INFO you may see the Revision Code of the firmware, the Running
Time of tubes, the Serial Numbers of Amplifier and Tubes (front and rear).
During normal operation of the amplifier, information is stored in the nonvolatile memory
about the 12 most recent protection trips or irregularities and the time when they have
occurred (indicated as tube working hours). This information can be read if you select LAST
12 PROTECTION TRIPS.
6. OFF MENU
When the main power switch on the front panel is turned ON but the amplifier is still in OFF
state, a number of settings can be changed by means of the OFF MENU – (Fig 3-3). You can
enter it by pushing the SET/EXIT button.
Use the up and down buttons to select an item, then push left or right arrow buttons to choose
the value.
6-1 CALL SIGN
You can select any 9-character text to appear in the OFF-MENU (for example your own
CALL SIGN). The up and down buttons select the character in the position indicated by the
cursor (the characters are in an alphabetic order by the ASCII-code). The left and right arrow
buttons move the cursor left or right to select different character positions. When finished,
return to the CALL SIGN label with the left arrow button.
29
Erasing the nonvolatile memory (see S.6-6) will blank the CALL sign message until the text is
reprogrammed following the procedure described above.
6-2 AUTO ANTENNA CHANGE
When YES is selected, changing frequency segments (manually or following the transceiver
frequency or by CAT - S.4-1c), will cause the antenna last used in the respective segment
and the tuning settings for it to be selected. This is convenient when you have 1 or 2
antennas for each band. With more antennas you would have to keep track of which
antenna you used last.
If "NO" is selected, this function is disabled and the currently used antenna is changed only
after an intentional command is given for an antenna change (manually or via the local
network - see S.4-1d). When changing frequency segments, the tuning settings for the
antenna currently used will be selected in the new segment. This mode is preferred when
you have multiple antennas per band.
Selection of YES or NO does not change any contents for tuning settings in the nonvolatile
memory.
6-3 AUTO OPERATE
Set to "OFF" by default.
hen “ON” is selected, the amplifier will remain ready to operate, even automatically
W
returning from standby after a soft-fault protection trip. That is, after a protection trip, e.g.
from an overdrive event, the amplifier will normally shift to the STB mode for about four
seconds, but it will automatically return to the OPR mode after that. Even with ON selected
however, you still may depress the OPR hardware button manually to go to and remain in the
STB (Stand By) mode at any time, such as when you leave the station for a while.
If “OFF” is selected for AUTO OPERATE, the amplifier will go and remain in the STB mode
after a soft fault until switched over to the OPR mode manually by the operator or an
intended command is received via the local network.
6-4 SELF ADDRESS
Here you can set the amplifier self address for operation in a network with other systems.
When the amplifier is not used in a network, this address is meaningless.
6-5 CLEAR THE USER TUNINGS
NOTE
If you use this function, it is advisable that you update the USR tunings (see
S.4-1).
When selected “YES”, this function clears all USR-tunings from the nonvolatile memory but
does not change anything else in the INFO-BOX.
The use of CLEAR THE USER TUNINGS is convenient when the amplifier is moved to
another operating place to prevent from mixing with the remaining USR-tunings which are
valid for the antennas at the old location. Of course, if the total number of antennas is less
than 10 per segment, you can do USR-tunings with new antenna numbers and thus preserve
the USR-tunings for the antennas at the old location as well.
30
6-6 CLEAR THE MEMORY
NOTE
Erasing Nonvolatile Memory erases all user data for the amplifier stored in its
nonvolatile memory and the INFO-BOX. This includes the following:
• the elapsed hours on is set to zero;
• the text set for CALL is deleted;
• the information stored for recent 12 protection trips is cleared;
• selection for LOW-NORMAL-HIGH of GAIN is set to NORMAL;
•
the amplifier self-address in local network is set to 01;
• the last segment and antenna in use is set to 1800-1825 ANT1;
• all USR-tuning settings for all segments and antennas are set to DEFAULT;
• the auto antenna change mode is set to ON.
• the AUTO OPERATE selection is set to OFF.
If you are fully convinced that you want all of these actions to take place, choose “YES” and
then leave the menu pressing the SET/EXIT button.
The procedure is now completed and the amplifier remains in OFF state with no user data in
it. The serial numbers of the RCU, amplifier and its tubes as well as the firmware revision code
and DEFault tuning settings, however, are preserved.
NOTE
After this procedure set new data in OFF-menu and update the USR-tunings
for the frequency segments and antennas to be used (see S.4-1).
7. CAT OPERATION AND CONNECTIONS
Most of the modern transceivers that have the operating frequency data available on an auxiliary
serial port could be connected to Acom2000A by means of a CAT connection. This will enable
the amplifier to track the frequency of the transceiver and to tune up automatically when entering
a new segment without transmitting.
Because of the variety of CAT protocols, the amplifier response could vary when used with
different transceivers.
Some older transceivers use very slow protocol and send the frequency data with delay up to
few seconds. The amplifier’s response will also be delayed. In some cases when the transceiver
is turned ON after the amplifier you may need to actuate the RCU CAT/FREQ button in order
for the radio to announce its frequency.
In other cases the transceiver sends the frequency data only when the frequency changes.
You may have to move its main dial, or change its frequency by another way to let the amplifier
know the transceiver frequency after the initial power ON.
31
Not all transceivers correctly report VFO A and VFO B when in split mode. If your transmit and
receive frequencies are in different band segments and the amplifier retunes on every RX/TX
transition, turn off the CAT until the end of the split operation.
The CAT connector is located on the RCU rear panel. Besides the RS232 and TTL compatible
serial interface, the CAT connector also carries the KEY IN and KEY OUT lines, which can be
used instead of using separate cables for those functions from the transceiver to the sockets
of the same names. See Figure 7-1 below:
Pin 1 –
Pin 2 –
Pin 3 –
Pin 4 –
Pin 5 –
RX RS232
RX TTL
TX TTL
TX RS232
GROUND
Fig. 7-1 CAT Connector pin-out front view
Many transceivers have different connectors and different signal levels. To be sure that your radio
will interface properly with the 2000A, the connection cable should be prepared according to
Fig.7-1 and the corresponding information from your transceiver’s user manual. Here are some
examples. Please note that the front view of the cable connectors is shown in these pictures.
- Y serial cable. When the CAT port of the transceiver is used for another device such
as a computer or an antenna controller, a Y cable should be used. An example is shown on
Fig. 7-2. Use only shielded cables for all connections. Note that the amplifier will receive correct
data only when the CAT connection between the transceiver and the other device (for example,
a computer with running logging software) is active.
Fig. 7-2 CAT Connection by RS-232 Y cable
- ICOM CI-V Interface: A 3.5mm audio stereo plug, a two conductor shielded cable
and two 510 Ohm resistors are required. The wiring is shown on Fig. 7-3.
32
Fig. 7-3 CAT Connection to ICOM CI-V interface
- KENWOOD TS480, TS570, TS590, TS870, TS2000, TS..40 with optional unit
or TS..50 with optional unit. You need a female DB9 connector and a three conductor
shielded cable. The wiring should follow Fig 7-4, including the connection between pins 7 and
8 of the DB9 connector. If the same port of the transceiver is used for computer control, you
can use Y cable shown on Fig 7-2 with an addition of a connection between pins 7 and 8 at
the transceiver side.
Fig. 7-4 CAT Connection to KENWOOD RS-232 interface
- KENWOOD TS450, TS850, and TS950. If an optional RS-232 interface is present
you may use the cable of Fig.7-4. Otherwise, the built-in TTL serial interface can be used, as
shown on Fig 7-5. Use shielded cable and universal low power NPN transistors.
Fig. 7-5 CAT Connection to KENWOOD TTL interface
- Elecraft K3. You can use a shielded cable, wired according to Fig 7-6. The RS-232
connector at the transceiver side is a male DB9. If the same port of the transceiver is used
for computer control, you can use Y cable shown on Fig 7-2.
33
Fig. 7-6 CAT Connection to Elecraft K3
- YAESU FT450, FT847, FT920, FT950, FT1000MP, FT2000, FT5000, and FT9000
You need female DB9 connector and a three conductor shielded cable. The wiring should be
as shown in Fig 7-7. If the same port of the transceiver is used for computer control, you can
use Y cable shown on Fig 7-2.
Fig. 7-7 CAT Connection to Yaesu transceiver with RS-232 interface
- YAESU FT-990, FT-1000, and FT-1000D You will need a 6-pin DIN connector, 3
wire shielded cable and a 10k pull-down resistor as shown on Fig 7-8.
Fig. 7-8 CAT Connection to YAESU FT-1000D
- YAESU FT-817, FT-857 and FT-897 The cable is shown in Fig. 7-9. Besides the
serial interface wires, also the amplifier control lines are included in the same connector. This
makes possible using of a single cable between the transceiver and ACOM2000A as shown
on Fig. 7-9. The connector at the transceiver side is a Mini 8 pin DIN. You will also need a
5 wire shielded cable and a 10k pull-up resistor. In case of using this cable, you should not
connect separate cables to the KEY-IN and KEY-OUT sockets described in s.2-4 d,e.
34
Fig. 7-9 CAT Connection to YAESU FT-897
8. MAINTENANCE
W A R N I N G HIGH VOLTAGE!
The amplifier works with high voltages up to 3000V which are LETHAL!
For your safety, pull the amplifier power plug out of the mains wall outlet
and WAIT AT LEAST 30 minutes EACH TIME BEFORE you remove the
cover of the amplifier. Do not touch any part inside while the amplifier
is open as some residual voltages may still be present.
8-1. Cleaning
WARNING
Do not use solvents for cleaning - they may be dangerous both for you
and for the amplifier paint.
Do not open the amplifier. Cleaning of the amplifier and RCU outer surfaces can be done with
a piece of soft cotton cloth lightly moistened with clean water.
8-2. Backup Battery Replacement
If the RCU displays a message: LOW BATTERY-DATA IS IN DANGER or LOSS OF STORED
DATA-CHECK BATTERY PLEASE, it is necessary that the nonvolatile memory battery for
USR-TUNINGS be replaced. This is a 3V/38mAh "coin - type" lithium battery with a diameter
of 12mm (~1/2inch) with leads for soldering. The following types are suitable:
- BR1225T2-1 made by RAYOVAC USA
- BR1225-1HC made by PANASONIC
This is a complex and possibly dangerous operation. For this reason, Acom recommends that
this work be carried out by a trained service technician. See the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT
for details. The expected life of a new battery is at least 5 years.
8-3. Fuse Replacement
If circumstances require replacement of the mains fuses, use only standard ones.
The two Primary Mains Fuses of the amplifier are located on the rear panel (Fig. 2-2).
They are 20A/250V Quick blow, 1-1/4 x 1/4 inch Cartridge Fuses, Size "0" Ceramic.
Besides these primary fuses, there are six small glass fuses (5x20mm) on the MAINS CONTROL
35
BOARD which are not to be replaced by the user. Should one of these fuses be blown, it may be
indicative of other more serious failures. This is a complex and possibly dangerous operation.
For this reason we recommend this work be carried out by a trained service technician. See
the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT for details.
8-4. Tube Replacement
New tubes must be supplied as a Matched Pair with close electrical characteristics. Otherwise
there may be an imbalance and one of the tubes will bear an excessive share of the operating
current, which can lead to overheating and reduced tube life.
Two 4CX800A (GU74B / ГУ74Б) high performance ceramic-metal tetrodes manufactured by
Svetlana (Светлана) are employed in the amplifier. Tube replacement is a complex and possibly
dangerous operation. For this reason, we recommend that this work be carried out by a trained
service technician. See the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT for details.
8-5. The ACOM2000A Simplified Schematic Diagram
See Fig.6-1 ACOM2000A Simplified Schematic Diagram.
The two 4CX800A (GU74B / ГУ74Б) Svetlana (Светлана) high performance ceramic-metal
tetrodes (V1 and V2) with plate dissipation of 800W each are grid-driven. The input signal from
the RF INPUT jack is passed through a broadband input matching circuit which is comprised
of components in the PHASE DETECTOR PCB and also L1, L2, C2, C3 and R1. This circuit
tunes out the input capacitance of the tubes. The resistor R1 is a termination load of this circuit
and can dissipate up to 100W of drive power.
Cathode resistors R2 and R5 create DC and RF negative feedback and equalize the gain of
the tubes. The varistor RV1 in the screen grid circuit protects the tube screen grid, and voltage
regulator in the events of a flashover.
The combinations of L3-R3 and L4-R6 in the plate circuits are the VHF/UHF parasitic suppressors.
DC plate voltage is fed through chokes RFC2-RFC3 and the capacitor C10 blocks it from the
output. The output circuit is comprised of L5-L6 and C12-C16, which form a classic Pi-L network
and suppresses harmonic frequency emissions. It is switched and tuned over the bands by
S1A-S1D and the stepping motors M3-M5 via the MOTOR DRIVER PCB. The output signal is
fed through the vacuum antenna relay K1, wattmeter current transformer TA1 and high-pass
filter RFC5-C20 and finally to the antenna output. The chokes RFC4 and RFC5 keep track of the
antenna relay contact condition and together with C20 prevent the plate supply from reaching
the antenna and RFC5 shunts it to ground if the DC blocking capacitor C10 fails. The resistor
R9 and FV1 protect the amplifier from static discharge via the RF OUT connector.
The PHASE DETECTOR together with the PLATE CAPACITIVE DIVIDER, RF WATTMETER
and three OPTOSENSOR circuits are the main sources of information for the control circuit
of the amplifier during the autotune process. The control circuit consists of the CENTRAL
PROCESSOR UNIT, based on the 80C31 microprocessor as the main system and the Z86E04
Zilog single chip microprocessor which is used as the antenna relay QSK controller. They are
interfaced through the INTERFACE PCB to all other circuits.
All voltages delivered from the LOW VOLTAGE and HIGH VOLTAGE SUPPLY PCBs, tube
currents, temperatures and airflow cooling capability are permanently monitored. Numerous
software-derived protection limits are based on this information.
The SIGNAL FILTER PCB and RFC1 eliminate RF feedback from incoming cables, including the
36
mains power cord. The Remote Control Unit (RCU) is based on the ATmega64 microcontroller
and uses a 7” color TFT display.
Detailed electrical schematic diagrams are available in the TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT. Contact
your dealer for details.
8-6. Troubleshooting
Should the RCU display indicate a problem, look up the message in the list below and before
you contact the service of your dealer (see S.1-2 and S.5-3), try the recommendations. The
messages are listed in an alphabetic order. The abbreviations used for some recommendations
are decoded after the list.
In case of necessity of transportation see S.9-3.
MESSAGE
ADC - OVERFLOW
ANTENNA CONTROL UNIT MALFUNCTION
ANTENNA RELAY CLOSED
IT SHOULD BE OPEN
ANTENNA RELAY OPEN
IT SHOULD BE CLOSED
ARC FAULT
AUTOMATIC PROTECTION
DRIVE POWER REMOVED
BAND SWITCH SYSTEM MALFUNCTION
BIAS CONTROL MALFUNCTION
BIAS TOO LOW AT POWER ON
BIAS VOLTAGE TOO LOW
CAT CONNECTION FAULT
COVER INTERLOCK OPEN
DETECTED RF POWER AT WRONG TIME
DRIVE FREQUENCY OUT OF RANGE
DRIVE POWER TOO HIGH
EXCESSIVE G2 CURRENT
EXCESSIVE PLATE CURRENT
FREQUENCY VIOLATION
RECOMMENDATION
OFF5*
check the control cable from the amplifier
INTERFACE connector to ACU (Antenna
Control Unit, if there is one).
CCC*
CCC*
try again; check antenna cable, selector,
antenna and grounding for loose contacts
or worsened insulation.
power not removed more than 10 seconds
after the message "REMOVE AND
REDUCE DRIVE POWER" appeared.
OFF5*
OFF5*; CCC*
OFF5*; CCC*
OFF5*; CCC*
Check the CAT cable, the CAT settings and
the transceiver CAT settings
Check cover; OFF5*
Check if there is power in the antenna
induced from another nearby transmitter;
CCC;OFF5*
check the transceiver frequency; OFF5*
RD&T*
RD&T*
RD&T*
submit to your dealer your license for
opera- tion in the respective frequency
band.
37
FRONT TUBE EXHAUST TEMP TOO HIGH
check if air intake (rear panel) and exhaust (above tubes) openings are clear of
obstructions; RD&T*
G1: EXCESSIVE GRID CURRENT
RD&T*
G2: CURRENT TOO HIGH
RD&T*
G2 CONTROL CIRCUIT MALFUNCTION
OFF5*
G2 VOLTAGE TOO HIGH
OFF5*; RD&T*
G2 VOLTAGE TOO LOW
OFF5*; RD&T*
HEATER CURRENT TOO HIGH
CMV*
HEATER CURRENT TOO LOW
CMV*
HEATER VOLTAGE TOO HIGH
CMV*
HEATER VOLTAGE TOO LOW
CMV*
HEATERS ON BEFORE TIMEOUT STARTED OFF5*
HIGH VOLTAGE TOO HIGH
CMV*
HIGH VOLTAGE TOO LOW
CMV*
HV TOO LOW AT POWER ON
check if the power transformer is properly connected (see S.2-3) ; CMV*
IG2=......mA SHOULD BE ZERO
OFF5*
IG1=......mA SHOULD BE ZERO
OFF5*
Ip= ......mA SHOULD BE ZERO
OFF5*
Ip PRESENT: SHOULD BE ZERO
OFF5*
INPUT RELAY CLOSED
CCC; OFF5*
IT SHOULD BE OPEN
LOAD CAPACITOR SYSTEM MALFUNCTION OFF5*
LOSS OF STORED DATA
see S.8-2.
CHECK BATTERY PLEASE
LOW BATTERY DATA IS IN DANGER
LOW AIRFLOW
LOW GAIN
MICROPROCESSOR CONFLICT
MOTOR VOLTAGE TOO HIGH
MOTOR VOLTAGE TOO LOW
QSK BREAK in FAULT
PROCESSOR CONFLICT
REAR TUBE EXHAUST TEMP TOO HIGH
38
see S.8-2.
check if air intake (rear panel) and exhaust (above tubes) openings are clear of
obstructions; RD&T*
RD&T*; check the coaxial cable from
transceiver output to amplifier input.
OFF5*
CMV*
check if the power transformer is properly
connected (see S.2-3) ; CMV*
OFF5*; CCC*
check if air intake (rear panel) and exhaust (above tubes) openings are clear of
obstructions; RD&T*;
REFLECTED POWER TOO HIGH
REMOVE AND REDUCE DRIVE POWER
RF PLATE =......V SHOULD BE ZERO
RF GRID =......W SHOULD BE ZERO
SCREEN VOLTAGE ON
BEFORE TIMEOUT OVER
TUNE CAPACITOR SYSTEM MALFUNCTION
+5V TOO HIGH (TOO LOW)
+/- 12V TOO HIGH (TOO LOW)
+24V /+48V TOO HIGH (TOO LOW)
check antenna cable, selector, antenna and
grounding for loose contacts or worsened
insulation; trim the antenna for minimum
VSWR or use an antenna tuner; try another
antenna; check if REFLECTED POWER is
induced from another nearby transmitter.
RD&T*
OFF5*; CCC*
OFF5*; CCC*
OFF5*
OFF5*
CMV*
CMV*
CMV*
* Abbreviations:
OFF5 - Turn the amplifier off for 5 minutes and try again.
RD&T - Reduce drive power from transceiver; do AUTO TUNE - see S.4-2.
CMV - Check the mains voltage and verify that it matches the voltage selector
- see S.2-2 and table 2-1.
CCC - Check the control cable from the transceiver to KEY-IN input - see
S.2-4.
9. SPECIFICATIONS
9-1. Parameters
a) Frequency Coverage: All amateur bands 1.8-29.7MHz
b) Power Output: 1500W PEP or continuous carrier, no mode limit.
In continuous carrier modes (RTTY etc.) for transmissions longer than 15 minutes (up to several
hours depending on ambient temperature), the optional auxiliary fan must be mounted.
c) Intermodulation Distortion: Better than 35dB below rated PEP output.
d) Hum and noise: Better than 35dB below rated output.
e) Harmonics Output Suppression: Better than 50dB below rated output.
f) Input and Output Impedances:
• nominal value: 50 Ohm unbalanced, UHF (SO239) type connectors;
• input circuit: broadband, VSWR less than 1.3:1, 1.8-30MHz continuously (no tunings, no
switching);
• bypass path VSWR less than 1.1:1, 1.8-30MHz continuously;
39
• output circuit matching capability: better than VSWR 3:1 (2:1 for 160m) or greater at reduced
output levels; automated.
g) Automatic Tuning:
• Load Impedance Matching - less than 3 seconds;
• Band Change - less than one second;
• Segment Change - less than 0.2 seconds.
h) RF Gain: 14.5dB, frequency response less than 0.5dB (50 to 60W drive power for rated output).
i) ALC: grid-current derived, -11V max, rear panel adjustable.
j) Primary Power: 90-132V (100 & 120V nominal taps, 10% tol.) and 180-264V (200, 220 &
240V nominal taps, 10% tol.), 50-60Hz, single phase, 3500VA consumption at rated output. In
USA, 240v is strongly recommended.
k) Complies CE safety and electromagnetic compatibility requirements, as well as FCCregulations
l) Size & Weight (operating): W440mm x D500mm x H180mm, 36kg.
m) Operating environments:
• temperature range: 0...+50 degs.Celsius;
• humidity: up to 95% @ +35 degs.Celsius.
• altitude: up to 3000m above sea level without output deterioration.
9-2. Functions
a) Load Impedance Matching Process: automated.
b) Provides Antenna Control Interface for Automatic Antenna Selector and Tuner.
c) User tuning settings memory - nonvolatile for up to 10 antennas per frequency segment
(settings for 50 Ohm default provided).
d) Tubes: two 4CX800A (GU74B / ГУ74Б) Svetlana (Светлана) high performance ceramic-metal
tetrodes with plate dissipation of 800W each, grid driven, forced air cooling.
e) T/R System: QSK operation with built-in vacuum RF antenna relay.
f) Protections:
• cover interlock for operator's safety;
• inrush power-on current control;
• all supply voltages;
• control grid, screen grid, plate and heater currents;
40
• cooling airflow;
• exhaust air temperature - each tube separately;
• motors motion;
• T/R sequencing;
• antenna relay contacts, including RF power induced in antenna from another nearby
transmitter;
• load matching quality;
• reflected power;
• RF arcs, including in antenna system;
• overdrive;
• unauthorized access to amplifier.
g) INFO BOX for 12 recent protection trips, default selections, individual amplifier's data and
elapsed power-on hours.
h) Up to 20 meters separation between the RCU and the main unit, on-board assistance and
troubleshooting suggestions etc. No controls on main unit (except for the ON/OFF main switch
and LED indicator).
i) All functions accessible from a computer via serial port, local network functions for more than
one (up to 15) sets of amplifier / antenna units, working in a system.
j) Measurement and/or constantly monitoring of 20 most important parameters of the amplifier
via RCU and/or computer.
k) RCU Beep
9-3. Storage and Shipment
CAUTION
Should you need to transport the amplifier, use the original packing as
described below.
First pull the mains plug out of the mains outlet, afterwards disconnect all cables from the rear
panel of the amplifier and RCU (remove the ground connection last) and wait 30 minutes. Then
remove the mains power transformer, observing the requirements of S.2-3, but in reverse order.
Pack the RCU in the box provided for it, and put it in the amplifier in the place of the mains
transformer. Screw in the transport board to the transformer using the four shipping screws,
pack the four shorter (mounting) bolts in the polyethylene envelope. Finally mount the cover
and pack the amplifier and transformer in their original cartons.
NOTE
If transporting for repair, you may not need to ship your transformer – check
with your dealer first.
41
a) Storage environments: the amplifier can be kept packed in dry and ventilated unheated
premises without chemically active substances (acids, alkalies etc.) in the following climatic
environment:
• temperature range: -40 to +70 degs.Celsius;
• humidity: up to 75% @ +35 degs.Celsius.
b) Shipping Size and Weight:
• W390mm x D340mm x H340mm, 18.3kg - Transformer carton;
• W630mm x D590mm x H300mm, 20.7kg - Amplifier carton.
c) Shipping environments: all types of transportation, including aircraft baggage section up to
12000 meters above sea level.
10. BRIEF MENU GUIDE
• POWER SWITCH -> OFF STATE:
HELP - to read serial numbers, power-on hours, suggestions
• SET/EXIT BUTON -> OFF MENU
CALL SIGN – to change display message while in OFF-state
AUTO ANTENNA CHANGE – to select the logic of the antenna change
AUTO OPERATE – to select the behaviour of the amplifier after a “soft” fault
SELF ADDRESS – to select the address of the amplifier if used in a network
CLEAR THE USER TUNINGS - to delete all USR-tunings
CLEAR THE MEMORY – to delete all stored data
• ON/OFF BUTTON -> MAIN MENU -> OPR/STB BUTTON - to activate and use the amplifier.
AUTO TUNE - to match antennas (USR-tunings preparation)
• SET/EXIT BUTTON -> MANUAL MODE MANUAL.TUNE - to match loads manually
MEASURE - to measure various amplifier operating parameters
SERVICE - to check motors' motion and tubes' zero-signal current
CAT SETTINGS – to tell the amplifier what transceiver is connected to it via CAT
MORE SETTINGS
- LOCK – to protect the amplifier from unauthorized users
- GAIN – to define mains voltage excursions
42
- CLEAR THE SEGMENT TUNING – to erase a single segment USR tuning
- DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS
- SOUND
- ANTENNAS – to set the antennas names
• ON/OFF BUTTON -> back to OFF STATE
END
Outstanding HF Power Products
43
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