G.shdsl.bis Router User Manual - Zu black

G.shdsl.bis Router
User Manual
G.shdsl.bis Router User Manual
V.004
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
DESCRIPTIONS ...............................................................................................................4
1.1
1.2
1.3
2
FEATURES ....................................................................................................................4
SPECIFICATION .............................................................................................................4
APPLICATIONS .............................................................................................................6
YOURS FIREWALL.........................................................................................................7
2.1
TYPES OF FIREWALL ....................................................................................................7
2.1.1
Packet Filtering ..................................................................................................7
2.1.2
Circuit Gateway..................................................................................................9
2.1.3
Application Gateway ..........................................................................................9
2.2
DENIAL OF SERVICE ATTACK .....................................................................................10
3
4
5
YOURS VLAN (VIRTUAL LOCAL AREA NETWORK)..........................................12
3.1
SPECIFICATION ...........................................................................................................12
3.2
3.3
FRAME SPECIFICATION ..............................................................................................12
APPLICATIONS ...........................................................................................................13
GETTING TO KNOW ABOUT THE ROUTER .........................................................15
4.1
4.2
4.3
FRONT PANEL ............................................................................................................15
REAR PANEL ..............................................................................................................16
SHDSL.BIS LINE CONNECTOR ..................................................................................17
4.4
CONSOLE CABLE .......................................................................................................17
CONFIGURATION TO THE ROUTER ......................................................................18
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
STEP 1: CHECK THE ETHERNET ADAPTER IN PC OR NB ............................................18
STEP 2: CHECK THE WEB BROWSER IN PC OR NB.....................................................18
STEP 3: CHECK THE TERMINAL ACCESS PROGRAM ....................................................18
STEP 4: DETERMINE CONNECTION SETTING ..............................................................18
STEP 5: INSTALL THE SHDSL.BIS ROUTER ................................................................19
6
CONFIGURATION VIA WEB BROWSER.................................................................21
7
BASIC SETUP.................................................................................................................23
7.1
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
BRIDGE MODE ...........................................................................................................23
ROUTING MODE ........................................................................................................24
DHCP Server ....................................................................................................25
DHCP Client.....................................................................................................26
DHCP relay ......................................................................................................26
PPPoE or PPPoA .............................................................................................27
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IPoA or EoA......................................................................................................29
ADVANCED SETUP.......................................................................................................31
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
SHDSL.BIS................................................................................................................31
WAN .........................................................................................................................33
BRIDGE ......................................................................................................................35
VLAN .......................................................................................................................36
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
ETHERNET .................................................................................................................37
ROUTE .......................................................................................................................38
NAT/DMZ ................................................................................................................40
VIRTUAL SERVER .......................................................................................................42
8.9
8.10
FIREWALL ..................................................................................................................43
IP QOS ......................................................................................................................48
ADMINISTRATION.......................................................................................................50
9.1
9.2
SECURITY ..................................................................................................................50
SNMP .......................................................................................................................51
9.3
TIME SYNC ................................................................................................................52
10 UTILITY ..........................................................................................................................54
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
SYSTEM INFO .............................................................................................................54
CONFIG TOOL ............................................................................................................54
UPGRADE...................................................................................................................55
LOGOUT.....................................................................................................................55
10.5
RESTART ....................................................................................................................55
11 STATUS ............................................................................................................................56
12 LAN-TO-LAN CONNECTION WITH BRIDGE MODE...........................................57
12.1
12.2
CO SIDE.....................................................................................................................57
CPE SIDE ..................................................................................................................58
13 LAN TO LAN CONNECTION WITH ROUTING MODE ........................................59
13.1
CO SIDE ....................................................................................................................59
13.2
CPE SIDE ...................................................................................................................60
14 CONFIGURATION VIA SERIAL CONSOLE OR TELNET WITH MANU
DRIVEN INTERFACE ..........................................................................................................61
14.1
14.2
SERIAL CONSOLE .......................................................................................................61
TELNET ......................................................................................................................61
14.3
OPERATION INTERFACE ..............................................................................................61
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14.5
14.6
14.7
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WINDOW STRUCTURE ................................................................................................62
MENU DRIVEN INTERFACE COMMANDS.....................................................................63
MENU TREE ...............................................................................................................63
CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................65
14.8 STATUS ......................................................................................................................66
14.9 SHOW ........................................................................................................................67
14.10
WRITE ...................................................................................................................68
14.11
REBOOT .................................................................................................................69
14.12
PING ......................................................................................................................70
14.13
ADMINISTRATION ..................................................................................................71
14.13.1
User Profile ..................................................................................................71
14.13.2
Security .........................................................................................................72
14.13.3
14.13.4
14.13.5
SNMP............................................................................................................72
Supervisor Password and ID ........................................................................73
SNTP.............................................................................................................73
14.14
UTILITY .................................................................................................................75
14.15
EXIT ......................................................................................................................75
14.16
SETUP ....................................................................................................................75
14.16.1
Mode .............................................................................................................76
14.16.2
14.16.3
14.16.4
14.16.5
SHDSL.bis ....................................................................................................76
WAN ..............................................................................................................77
Bridge ...........................................................................................................78
VLAN ............................................................................................................79
14.16.6
14.16.7
14.16.8
14.16.9
802.11Q VLAN..............................................................................................79
STP ...............................................................................................................80
Route.............................................................................................................80
LAN...............................................................................................................82
14.16.10
14.16.11
14.16.12
14.16.13
14.16.14
IP share.........................................................................................................82
NAT ...............................................................................................................82
PAT................................................................................................................84
DMZ..............................................................................................................85
Firewall.........................................................................................................86
14.16.15
14.16.16
14.16.17
Packet Filtering ............................................................................................86
DoS Protection..............................................................................................87
IPQoS ...........................................................................................................87
14.16.18
14.16.19
14.16.20
14.16.21
DHCP ...........................................................................................................88
DNS proxy.....................................................................................................89
Host name .....................................................................................................90
Default ..........................................................................................................90
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1 Descriptions
The SHDSL.bis (Symmetric High Speed Digital Subscriber Loop) routers comply with G.991.2(2004)
standard with 10/100 Base-T auto-negotiation. It provides business-class, multi-range from 192Kbps to
5.696Mbps (for 2-wire mode) and 384Kbps to 11.392Mbps (4-wire router) payload rates over exiting
single-pair copper wire. The SHDSL.bis routers are designed not only to optimize the service bit rate
from central office to customer premises also it integrates high-end Bridging/Routing capabilities with
advanced functions of Multi-DMZ, virtual server mapping and VPN pass-through.
Because of rapid growth of network, virtual LAN has become one of the major new areas in
internetworking industry. The SHDSL.bis routers support port-based and IEEE 802.1q VLAN over ATM
network.
The firewall routers provide not only advanced functions, Multi-DMZ, virtual server mapping and VPN
pass-through but advanced firewall, SPI, NAT, DoS protection serving as a powerful firewall to protect
from outside intruders of secure connection.
The 4-port routers support four ports 10Base-T /100Base-T auto-negotiation and auto-MDIX switching
ports to meet the enterprise need.
The SHDSL.bis routers allow customers to leverage the latest in broadband technologies to meet their
growing data communication needs. Through the power of SHDSL.bis products, you can access
superior manageability and reliability.
1.1 Features
Easy configuration and management with password control for various application environments
Efficient IP routing and transparent learning bridge to support broadband Internet services
VPN pass-through for safeguarded connections
Virtual LANs (VLANs) offer significant benefit in terms of efficient use of bandwidth, flexibility,
performance and security
Build-in advanced SPI firewall (Firewall router)
Four 10/100Mbps Auto-negotiation and Auto-MDIX switching port for flexible local area network
connectivity (4-port router)
DMZ host/Multi-DMZ/Multi-NAT enables multiple workstations on the LAN to access the Internet
for the cost of IP address
Fully ATM protocol stack implementation over SHDSL.bis
PPPoA and PPPoE support user authentication with PAP/CHAP/MS-CHAP
SNMP management with SNMPv1/SNMPv2 agent and MIB II
Getting enhancements and new features via Internet software upgrade
1.2 Specification
Routing
Bridging
Support IP/TCP/UDP/ARP/ICMP/IGMP protocols
IP routing with static routing and RIPv1/RIPv2 (RFC1058/2453)
IP multicast and IGMP proxy (RFC1112/2236)
Network address translation (NAT/PAT) (RFC1631)
NAT ALGs for ICQ/Netmeeting/MSN/Yahoo Messenger
DNS relay and caching (RFC1034/1035)
DHCP server, client and relay (RFC2131/2132)
IP precedence (RFC 791) (Firewall router)
IEEE 802.1D transparent learning bridge
IEEE 802.1q VLAN
Port-based VLAN (4-port router)
Spanning tree protocol
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DMZ host/Multi-DMZ/Multi-NAT function
Virtual server mapping (RFC1631)
VPN pass-through for PPTP/L2TP/IPSec tunneling
Natural NAT firewall
Advanced Stateful packet inspection (SPI) firewall (Firewall Router)
Application level gateway for URL and keyword blocking (Firewall Router)
User access control: deny certain PCs access to Internet service (Firewall Router)
Management
Easy-to-use web-based GUI for quick setup, configuration and management
Menu-driven interface/Command-line interface (CLI) for local console and Telnet access
Password protected management and access control list for administration
SNMP management with SNMPv1/SNMPv2 (RFC1157/1901/1905) agent and MIB II
(RFC1213/1493)
Software upgrade via web-browser/TFTP server
ATM
ATM QoS
Up to 8 PVCs
OAM F5 AIS/RDI and loopback
AAL5
UBR (Unspecified bit rate)
CBR (Constant bit rate)
VBR-rt (Variable bit rate real-time)
VBR-nrt (Variable bit rate non-real-time)
AAL5 Encapsulation
VC multiplexing and SNAP/LLC
Ethernet over ATM (RFC 2684/1483)
PPP over ATM (RFC 2364)
Classical IP over ATM (RFC 1577)
PPP
PPP over Ethernet for fixed and dynamic IP (RFC 2516)
PPP over ATM for fixed and dynamic IP (RFC 2364)
User authentication with PAP/CHAP/MS-CHAP
WAN Interface
SHDSL.bis: ITU-T G.991.2 (2004) Annex A/B/F/G
Encoding scheme: 16-TCPAM, 32-TCPAM,
Data Rate: N x 64Kbps ,N=3~89, 0 for adaptive, 89 as default (2-wire mode)
Data Rate: N x 128kbps (N= 3 ~ 89, 89 as default) (4-wire Router)
Impedance: 135 ohms
LAN Interface
4-ports switching hub (4-port router)
10/100 Base-T auto-sensing and auto-negotiation
Auto-MDIX (4-port router)
Hardware Interface
WAN: RJ-45
LAN: RJ-45 x 4 (4-port router) or RJ-45 x 1 (1-port router)
Console: RS232 female
RST: Reset button for factory default
Indicators
General: PWR
WAN: LNK, ACT
LAN: 10M/ACT, 100M/ACT (1-port router)
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LAN: 1, 2, 3, 4 (4-port router)
SHDSL.bis: ALM
Physical/Electrical
Dimensions: 18.7 x 3.3 x 14.5cm (WxHxD)
Power: 100~240VAC (via power adapter)
Power consumption: 9 watts max
Temperature: 0~45 C
Humidity: 0%~95%RH (non-condensing)
。
Memory
2MB Flash Memory, 8MB SDRAM
Products’ Information
G.shdsl.bis 2-wire router/bridge with 1-port LAN
G.shdsl.bis 2-wire router/bridge with 1-port LAN VLAN and business class firewall
G.shdsl.bis 2-wire router/bridge with 4-port switching hub LAN
G.shdsl.bis 2-wire router/bridge with 4-port switching hub LAN, VLAN and business class firewall
G.shdsl.bis 4-wire router/bridge with 4-port switching hub LAN
G.shdsl.bis 4-wire router/bridge with 4-port switching hub LAN, VLAN and business class firewall
1.3 Applications
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2 Yours Firewall
A firewall protects networked computers from intentional hostile intrusion that could compromise
confidentiality or result in data corruption or denial of service. It must have at least two network
interfaces, one for the network it is intended to protect, and one for the network it is exposed to. A
firewall sits at the junction point or gateway between the two networks, usually a private network and a
public network such as the Internet.
A firewall examines all traffic routed between the networks. The traffic is routed between the networks if
it meets certain criteria; otherwise, it is filtered. A firewall filters both inbound and outbound traffic.
Except managing the public access to private networked resources such as host applications, the
firewall is capable of log all attempts to enter the private network and trigger alarms when hostile or
unauthorized entry is attempted. Firewalls can filter packets based on their IP addresses of source and
destination. This is known as address filtering. Firewalls can also filter specific types of network traffic
by port numbers, which is also known as protocol filtering because the decision of traffic forwarding is
dependant upon the protocol used, for example HTTP, ftp or telnet. Firewalls can also filter traffic by
packet attribute or state.
An Internet firewall cannot prevent the damage from the individual users with modems dialing into or
out of the network, which bypass the firewall altogether. The misconduct or carelessness of employee
is not in the control of firewalls either. Authentication Policies, which is involved in the use and misuse
of passwords and user accounts, must be strictly enforced. The above management issues need to be
settled during the planning of security policy, but cannot be solved with Internet firewalls alone.
Firewall
Unknown Traffic
Access to Specific
Destination
Specified Allowed Traffic
Internet
Internet
Allowed Traffic
Out to Internet
Restricted Traffic
Local User
Internet
2.1 Types of Firewall
There are three types of firewall:
2.1.1
Packet Filtering
In packet filtering, firewall will examine the protocol and the address information in the header of each
packet and ignore Its contents and context (its relation to other packets and to the intended application).
The firewall pays no attention to applications on the host or local network and it "knows" nothing about
the sources of incoming data. Filtering includes the examining on incoming and outgoing packets, and
determines the packet dropping or not by a set of configurable rules. Network Address Translation (NAT)
routers offer the advantages of packet filtering firewalls but can also hide the IP addresses of
computers behind the firewall, and offer a level of circuit-based filtering.
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Level 5: Application
Protocol
Source/Destination address
Source/destination port
IP options
connection status
Level 4: TCP
Level 3: IP
Level 2: Data Link
Level 1: Physical
Stateful Inspection
Filter remember this
information
UDP
SP=3264
SA=192.168.0.5
DP=1525
DA=172.16.3.4
192.168.0.5
172.16.3.4
Matches outgoing so allows in
UDP
SP=1525
SA=172.16.3.4
DP=3264
DA=192.168.0.5
Nomatches so disallows in
UDP
SP=1525
SA=172.168.3.4
DP=2049
DA=192.168.0.5
NAT (Network Address Translation)
Firewall
192.168.0.10
192.120.8.5
Internet
Internal IP
192.168.0.10
192.168.0.11
External IP
192.120.8.5
192.120.8.5
192.168.0.11
Internal/Protected Network
External/Unprotected Network
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PAT (Port Address Translation)
Firewall
192.120.8.5
192.168.0.10:1025
192.120.8.5:2205
Internet
192.120.8.5:2206
192.168.0.11:4406
Client IP
Internal Port
External Port
192.168.0.10
1025
2205
192.168.0.11
4406
2206
Internal/Protected Network
2.1.2
External/Unprotected Network
Circuit Gateway
Also called a "Circuit Level Gateway," this is a firewall approach, which validates connections before
allowing data to be exchanged. What this means is that the firewall doesn't simply allow or disallow
packets but also determines whether the connection between both ends is valid according to
configurable rules, then opens a session and permits traffic only from the allowed source and possibly
only for a limited period of time.
Level 5: Application
destination IP address and/or port
source IP address and/or port
time of day
protocol
user
password
Level 4: TCP
Level 3: IP
Level 2: Data Link
Level 1: Physical
2.1.3
Application Gateway
The Application Level Gateway acts as a proxy for applications, performing all data exchanges with the
remote system in their behalf. This can render a computer behind the firewall invisible to the remote
system. It can allow or disallow traffic according to very specific rules, for instance permitting some
commands to a server but not others, limiting file access to certain types, varying rules according to
authenticated users and so forth. This type of firewall may also perform very detailed logging of traffic
and monitoring of events on the host system; furthermore can often be instructed to sound alarms or
notify an operator under defined conditions. Application-level gateways are generally regarded as the
most secure type of firewall. They certainly have the most sophisticated capabilities.
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Level 5: Application
Level 4: TCP
Telnet
FTP
Http
SMTP
Level 3: IP
Level 2: Data Link
Level 1: Physical
Proxy Application
Host PC
Internal
External
Interface
Interface
Proxy Server
Public Server
Request Page
Check URL
Request Page
Return Page
Filter Content
Return Page
2.2 Denial of Service Attack
Typically, Denial Of Service (DoS) attacks result in two flavors:
resource starvation and system overloading. DoS attacks
happen usually when a legitimate resource demanding is
Inturruption
greater than the supplying (ex. too many web requests to an
already overloaded web server). Software weakness or system
incorrect configurations induce DoS situations also. The difference between a malicious denial of
service and simple system overload is the requirement of an individual with malicious intent (attacker)
using or attempting to use resources specifically to deny those resources to other users.
Ping of death- On the Internet, ping of death is a kind of denial of service (DoS) attack caused by
deliberately sending an IP packet which size is larger than the 65,536 bytes allowed in the IP protocol.
One of the features of TCP/IP is fragmentation, which allows a single IP packet to be broken down into
smaller segments. Attackers began to take advantage of that feature when they found that fragmented
packets could be added up to the size more than the allowed 65,536 bytes. Many operating systems
don’t know what to do once if they received an oversized packet, then they freeze, crash, or reboot.
Other known variants of the ping of death include teardrop, bonk and nestea.
Ping of Death Packet (112,000 bytes)
Hacker 's
System
Normal IP Packet (Maximun 65,536 bytes)
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Normal reassembled Packets
bytes from 1~1500
bytes from 1501~3000
bytes from 3000~4500
Reassembled teardrop packets
bytes from 1~1700
bytes from 1300~3200
bytes from 2800~4800
SYN Flood- The attacker sends TCP SYN packets, which start connections very fast, leaving the victim
waiting to complete a huge number of connections, causing it to run out of resources and dropping
legitimate connections. A new defense against this is the “SYN cookies”. Each side of a connection has
its own sequence number. In response to a SYN, the attacked machine creates a special sequence
number that is a “cookie” of the connection then forgets everything it knows about the connection. It can
then recreate the forgotten information about the connection where the next packets come in from a
legitimate connection.
TCP SYN
requests
Hacker 's
System
Internet
Backing
quene
TCP SYN-ACK
Packets
Target
System
ICMP Flood- The attacker transmits a volume of ICMP request packets to cause all CPU resources to
be consumed serving the phony requests.
UDP Flood- The attacker transmits a volume of requests for UDP diagnostic services, which cause all
CPU resources to be consumed serving the phony requests.
Land attack- The attacker attempts to slow your network down by sending a packet with identical
source and destination addresses originating from your network.
Smurf attack- The source address of the intended victim is forged in a broadcast ping so that a huge
number of ICMP echo reply back to victim indicated by the address, overloading it.
Broadcast ping
request from spoofed
IP address
Internet
Ping response
Hacker 's
System
Target Router
Multiple network
Subnet
Fraggle Attack- A perpetrator sends a large amount of UDP echo packets at IP broadcast addresses,
all of it having a fake source address.
IP Spoofing- IP Spoofing is a method of masking the identity of an intrusion by making it appeared that
the traffic came from a different computer. This is used by intruders to keep their anonymity and can be
used in a Denial of Service attack.
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3 Yours VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network)
Virtual LAN (VLAN) is defined as a group of devices on one or more LANs that are configured so that
they can communicate as if they were attached to the same wire, when in fact they are located on a
number of different LAN segments. Because VLAN is based on logical instead of physical connections,
it is extremely flexible.
The IEEE 802.1Q defines the operation of VLAN bridges that permit the definition, operation, and
administration of VLAN topologies within a bridged LAN infrastructure. VLAN architecture benefits
include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Increased performance
Improved manageability
Network tuning and simplification of software configurations
Physical topology independence
Increased security options
As DSL (over ATM) links are deployed more and more extensively and popularly, it is rising
progressively to implement VLAN (VLAN-to-PVC) over DSL links and, hence, it is possible to be a
requirement of ISPs.
We discuss the implementation of VLAN-to-PVC only for bridge mode operation, i.e., the VLAN
spreads over both the COE and CPE sides, where there is no layer 3 routing involved.
3.1 Specification
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
The unit supports up to 8 active VLANs with shared VLAN learning (SVL) bridge out of 4096
possible VLANs specified in IEEE 802.1Q.
Each port always belongs to a default VLAN with its port VID (PVID) as an untagged member. Also,
a port can belong to multiple VLANs and be tagged members of these VLANs.
A port must not be a tagged member of its default VLAN.
If a non-tagged or null-VID tagged packet is received, it will be assigned with the default PVID of
the ingress port.
If the packet is tagged with non-null VID, the VID in the tag will be used.
The look up process starts with VLAN look up to determine whether the VID is valid. If the VID is
not valid, the packet will be dropped and its address will not be learned. If the VID is valid, the VID,
destination address, and source address lookups are performed.
The VID and destination address lookup determines the forwarding ports. If it fails, the packet will
be broadcasted to all members of the VLAN, except the ingress port.
Frames are sent out tagged or untagged depend on if the egress port is a tagged or untagged
member of the VLAN that frames belong.
If VID and source address look up fails, the source address will be learned.
3.2 Frame Specification
An untagged frame or a priority-tagged frame does not carry any identification of the VLAN to which it
belongs. Such frames are classified as belonging to a particular VLAN based on parameters
associated with the receiving port. Also, priority tagged frames, which, by definition, carry no VLAN
identification information, are treated the same as untagged frames.
A VLAN-tagged frame carries an explicit identification of the VLAN to which it belongs; i.e., it carries a
tag header that carries a non-null VID. This results in a minimum tagged frame length of 68 octets.
Such a frame is classified as belonging to a particular VLAN based on the value of the VID that is
included in the tag header. The presence of the tag header carrying a non-null VID means that some
other device, either the originator of the frame or a VLAN-aware bridge, has mapped this frame into a
VLAN and has inserted the appropriate VID.
The following figure shows the difference between a untagged frame and VLAN tagged frame, where
the Tag Protocol Identifier (TPID) is of 0x8100 and it identifies the frame as a tagged frame. The Tag
Control Information (TCI) consists of the following elements: 1) User priority allows the tagged frame to
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carry user priority information across bridged LANs in which individual LAN segments may be unable to
signal priority information (e.g., 802.3/Ethernet segments). 2) The Canonical Format Indicator (CFI) is
used to signal the presence or absence of a Routing Information Field (RIF) field, and, in combination
with the Non-canonical Format Indicator (NCFI) carried in the RIF, to signal the bit order of address
information carried in the encapsulated frame. 3) The VID uniquely identifies the VLAN to which the
frame belongs.
3.3 Applications
Port-based VLAN
LAN1
LAN2
LAN3
LAN4
WAN
1
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
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4 Getting to know about the router
This section will introduce hardware of the router.
4.1 Front Panel
The front panel contains LED which show status of the router.
LEDs
PWR
WAN
LNK
ACT
1
2
LAN
3
4
ALM
Active
On
On
Blink
On
On
Blink
On
Blink
On
Blink
On
Blink
On
Blink
LEDs
PWR
WAN
LNK
ACT
10M/ACT
LAN
100M/ACT
ALM
LED status of 4-wire/4-port router
Description
Power on
SHDSL.bis line connection is established
SHDSL.bis handshake
Transmit or received data over SHDSL.bis link
Ethernet cable is connected to LAN 1
Transmit or received data over LAN 1
Ethernet cable is connected to LAN 2
Transmit or received data over LAN 2
Ethernet cable is connected to LAN 3
Transmit or received data over LAN 3
Ethernet cable is connected to LAN 4
Transmit or received data over LAN 4
SHDSL.bis line connection is dropped
SHDSL.bis self test
LED status of 2-wire/1-port router
Active
Description
On
Power adaptor is connected to the router
On
SHDSL.bis line connection is established
Blink
SHDSL.bis handshake
Blink
Transmit or received data over SHDSL.bis link
On
LAN port connect with 10M NIC
Blink
LAN port acts in 10M
On
LAN port connect with 100M NIC
Blink
LAN port acts in 100M
On
SHDSL.bis line connection is dropped
Blink
SHDSL.bis self test
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4.2 Rear Panel
The rear panel of SHDSL.bis router is where all of the connections are made.
DC-IN
LAN
or LAN (1,2,3,4)
CONSOLE
LINE
RST
Connectors Description of 2-wire/1-port router
Power adaptor inlet: Input voltage 9VDC
Ethernet 10BaseT for LAN port (RJ-45)
10/100BaseT auto-sensing and auto-MDIX for LAN port (RJ-45) (4-port Router)
RS- 232C (DB9) for system configuration and maintenance
shdsl.bis interface for WAN port (RJ-45)
Reset button for reboot or load factory default
DC-IN
CONSOLE
LINE
RST
Connectors Description of 4-wire/4-port router
Power adaptor inlet: Input voltage 9VDC
RS- 232C (DB9) for system configuration and maintenance
SHDSL.bis interface for WAN port (RJ-45)
Reset button for reboot or load factory default
!
The reset button can be used only in one of two ways.
(1) Press the Reset Button for one second will cause system reboot.
(2) Pressing the Reset Button for four seconds will cause the product loading the factory
default setting and losing all of yours configuration. When you want to change its
configuration but forget the user name or password, or if the product is having problems
connecting to the Internet and you want to configure it again clearing all configurations,
press the Reset Button for four seconds with a paper clip or sharp pencil.
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4.3 SHDSL.bis Line Connector
4.4 Console Cable
Pin Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Description
Fuigure
No connection
RxD (O)
TxD (I)
No connection
GND
No connection
CTS (O)
RTS (I)
No connection
5 432 1
98 7 6
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5 Configuration to the router
This guide is designed to lead users through Web Configuration of G.shdsl.bis Router in the easiest
and quickest way possible. Please follow the instructions carefully.
Note: There are three methods to configure the router: serial console, Telnet and Web Browser. Only
one configuration application is used to setup the Router at any given time. Users have to
choose one method to configure it.
For Web configuration, you can skip step 3.
For Serial Console Configuration, you can skip step 1 and 2.
5.1 Step 1: Check the Ethernet Adapter in PC or NB
Make sure that Ethernet Adapter had been installed in PC or NB used for configuration of the router.
TCP/IP protocol is necessary for web configuration, so please check the TCP/IP protocol whether it has
been installed.
5.2 Step 2: Check the Web Browser in PC or NB
According to the Web Configuration, the PC or NB need to install Web Browser, IE or Netscape.
Note: Suggest to use IE5.0, Netscape 6.0 or above and 800x600 resolutions or above.
5.3 Step 3: Check the Terminal Access Program
For Serial Console and Telnet Configuration, users need to setup the terminal access program with
VT100 terminal emulation.
5.4 Step 4: Determine Connection Setting
Users need to know the Internet Protocol supplied by your Service Provider and determine the mode of
setting.
Protocol Selection
RFC1483
RFC1577
RFC2364
RFC2516
Ethernet over ATM
Classical Internet Protocol over ATM
Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
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The difference Protocol need to setup difference WAN parameters. After knowing the Ptorocol provided
by ISP, you have to ask the necessary WAN parameters to setup it.
Bridge EoA
Route EoA
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
Gateway:
Host Name:(if applicable)
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
IP Address:
Subnet Mask:
Gateway:
DNS Server:
Host Name:(if applicable)
IPoA
PPPoA
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
User Name:
Password:
DNS Server:
Host Name: (if applicable)
IP Address: (if applicable)
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
IP Address:
Subnet Mask:
Gateway:
DNS Server:
Host Name:(if applicable)
PPPoE
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
User Name:
Password:
DNS Server:
Host Name:(if applicable)
IP Address:(if applicable)
5.5 Step 5: Install the SHDSL.bis Router
!
To avoid possible damage to this Router, do not turn on the router before Hardware Installation.
Connect the power adapter to the port labeled DC-IN on the rear panel of the product.
Connect the Ethernet cable.
Note: The 1-port router and 4-port router both supports auto-MDIX switching hub so both straight
through and cross-over Ethernet cable can be used.
Connect the phone cable to the product and the other side of phone cable to wall jack.
Connect the power adapter to power source.
Turn on the PC or NB, which is used for configuration the Router.
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NB
PC
Cross
Over
Ethernet
Cable
Power
Adapter
DB-9
Cable
Wall Jack
G.shdsl.bis
Direct Connection with PC or NB for 1-port router
Connection with Hub/Switch for 1-port router
Server
File Server
Workstation
PC
NB
Mobile
Device
HUB/Switch
Power
Adpater
Pass
Through
Ethernet
Cable
Wireless LAN
Wall Jack
G.shdsl.bis
DB-9
Cable
4-port router with complex network topology
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6 Configuration via Web Browser
Step. 1
For Win85, 98 and Me, click the start button.
Select setting and control panel.
Step. 2
Double click the network icon.
In the Configuration window, select the TCP/IP protocol
line that has been associated with your network card and
then click property icon.
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Choose IP address tab. Select Obtain IP
address automatically. Click OK button.
The window will ask you to restart the PC. Click Yes button.
After rebooting your PC, open IE or Netscape
Browser to connect the Router. Type
http://192.168.0.1
The default IP address and sub net-mask of the
Router is 192.168.0.1 and 255.255.255.0.
Because the router acts as DHCP server in your
network, the router will automatically assign IP address
for PC or NB in the network.
Type User Name root and Password root and
then click OK.
The default user name and password both is root.
For the system security, suggest changing them
after configuration.
Note: After changing the User Name and
Password, strongly recommend you to
save them because another time when you
login, the User Name and Password have
to be used the new one you changed.
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7 Basic Setup
The Basic Setup contains LAN, WAN, Bridge and Route operation mode.
User can use it to completely setup the router. After successfully
completing it, you can access Internet. This is the easiest and possible
way to setup the router.
Note: The advanced functions are only for advanced users to setup
advanced functions. The incorrect setting of advanced function will
affect the performance or system error, even disconnection.
Click Basic for basic installation.
7.1
Bridge Mode
Bridge
IP: 192.168.0.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.254
PC
IP: 192.168.0.2
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.254
BAS
IP: 192.168.0.254
ISP
DSLAM
VPI:0, VCI:32
Encapsulation: LLC
Before configuring the router in bridge mode, please
check with your ISP about this information.
Click Bridge and CPE Side to setup Bridging
mode of the Router and then click Next for
the next setting.
This product can be setup as two SHDSL.bis
working mode: CO (Central Office) and CPE
(Customer Premises Equipment). For
connection with DSLAM, the SHDSL.bis
working mode is CPE. For “LAN to LAN”
connection, one side must be CO and the
other side must be CPE.
23
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
Gateway:
Host Name:(if applicable)
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Enter Parameters in BASIC – STEP2:
LAN
IP: 192.168.0.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.254
(The Gateway IP is provided by ISP.)
Host Name: SOHO
Some of the ISP requires the Host Name
as identification. You may check with ISP
to see if your Internet service has been
configured with a host name. In most
cases, this field can be ignored.
WAN1
VPI: 0
VCI: 32
Click LLC, Click Next
The screen will prompt the new configured
parameters. Checking the parameters and
Click Restart The router will reboot with the
new setting or Continue to configure
another parameters.
7.2 Routing Mode
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Routing mode contains DHCP server,
DHCP client, DHCP relay, Point-to-Point
Protocol over ATM and Ethernet and IP
over ATM and Ethernet over ATM. You
have to clarify which Internet protocol is
provided by ISP.
Click ROUTE and CPE Side then press
Next.
This product can be setup as two
SHDSL.bis working mode: CO (Central Office) and CPE (Customer Premises Equipment). For
connection with DSLAM, the SHDSL.bis working mode is CPE. For “LAN to LAN” connection, one
side must be CO and the other side must be CPE.
7.2.1
DHCP Server
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a communication protocol that lets network
administrators to manage centrally and automate the assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in
an organization's network. Using the Internet Protocol, each machine that can connect to the Internet
needs a unique IP address. When an organization sets up its computer users with a connection to the
Internet, an IP address must be assigned to each machine.
Without DHCP, the IP address must be entered manually at each computer. If computers move to
another location in another part of the network, a new IP address must be entered. DHCP lets a
network administrator to supervise and distribute IP addresses from a central point and automatically
sends a new IP address when a computer is plugged into a different place in the network. If the DHCP
server is “Enable,” you have to setup the following parameters for processing it as DHCP server.
The embedded DHCP server assigns
network configuration information at most
253 users accessing the Internet in the
same time.
IP type: Fixed
IP Address: 192.168.0.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Host Name: SOHO
Some of the ISP requires the host name as
identification. You may check with ISP to
see if your Internet service has been
configured with a host name. In most cases,
this field can be ignored.
Trigger DHCP Service: Server
The default setup is Enable DHCP server. If
you want to turn off the DHCP service,
choose Disable.
For example: If the LAN IP address is
192.168.0.1, the IP range of LAN is
192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.51. The DHCP
server assigns the IP form Start IP Address
to End IP Address. The legal IP address
range is form 0 to 255, but 0 are reserved as
network name and 255 are reserved for
broadcast. It implies the legal IP address
range is from 1 to 254. That means you
cannot assign an IP greater than 254 or less
then 1. Lease time 72 hours indicates that
the DHCP server will reassign IP information in every 72 hours.
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DNS Server: Your ISP will provide at least
one Domain Name Service Server IP. You
can type the router IP in this field. The
router will act as DNS server relay function.
You may assign a fixed IP address to some device while using DHCP, you have to put this device’s
MAC address in the Table of Fixed DHCP Host Entries.
Press Next to setup WAN1 parameters.
7.2.2
DHCP Client
Some of the ISP provides DHCP server service by which the PC in LAN can access IP information
automatically. To setup the DHCP client mode, follow the procedure.
LAN IP Type: Dynamic
Click Next to setup WAN1 parameters.
7.2.3
DHCP relay
If you have a DHCP server in LAN and you want to use it for DHCP services, the product provides
DHCP relay function to meet yours need.
IP Type: Fixed
IP Address: 192.168.0.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Host Name: SOHO
Some of the ISP requires the host name as
identification. You may check with ISP to
see if your Internet service has been
configured with a host name. In most
cases, this field can be ignored.
Trigger DHCP Service: Relay
Press Next to setup DHCP server
parameter.
Enter DHCP server IP address in IP
address field.
Press Next
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7.2.4
V.004
PPPoE or PPPoA
PPPoA (point-to-point protocol over ATM) and PPPoE (point-to-point protocol over Ethernet) are
authentication and connection protocols used by many service providers for broadband Internet access.
These are specifications for connecting multiple computer users on an Ethernet local area network to a
remote site through common customer premises equipment, which is the telephone company's term for
a modem and similar devices. PPPoE and PPPoA can be used to office or building. Users share a
common Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), cable modem, or wireless connection to the Internet. PPPoE
and PPPoA combine the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), commonly used in dialup connections, with the
Ethernet protocol or ATM protocol, which supports multiple users in a local area network. The PPP
protocol information is encapsulated within an Ethernet frame or ATM frame.
Bridge
IP: 192.168.0.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.254
BAS
IP: 192.168.0.254
IP: 192.168.0.2
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.254
ISP
DSLAM
PC
VPI:0, VCI:32
Encapsulation: LLC
Before configure the router, check with your ISP about
this information.
Enter Parameters in BASIC – STEP2.
WAN1 parameters:
VPI: 0
VCI: 33
AAL5 Encap: LLC
Protocol: PPPoA + NAT or PPPoE + NAT
Click Next to setup User name and
password.
For more understanding about NAT, review
NAT/DMZ at page 40.
Type the ISP1 parameters.
Username: test
Password: test
Password Confirm: test
Your ISP will provide the user name and
password.
Idle Time: 10
You want your Internet connection to
remain on at all time, enter “0” in the Idle
Time field.
27
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
User Name:
Password:
DNS Server:
Host Name: (if applicable)
IP address:(if applicable)
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IP Type: Dynamics.
The default IP type is Dynamic. It means that ISP PPP server will provide IP information including
dynamic IP address when SHDSL.bis connection is established. On the other hand, you do not need to
type the IP address of WAN1. Some of the ISP will provide fixed IP address over PPP. For fixed IP
address:
IP Type: Fixed
IP Address: 192.168.1.1
Click Next.
Note: For safety, the password will be prompt as star symbol.
The screen will prompt the parameters that will be written in EPROM. Check the parameters before
writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working with new parameters or press continue to setup another
parameter.
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IPoA or EoA
WAN
LAN
Router
IP: 192.168.0.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
IP: 10.1.2.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 10.1.2.2
DNS: 168.95.1.1
BAS
IP: 10.1.2.2
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
DSLAM
PC
IP: 192.168.0.2~51
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.1
VPI:0, VCI:33
Encapsulation: LLC
Before configuration the router, check with your ISP
about this information.
Enter Parameters in BASIC – STEP2
Wan Parameters;
VPI: 0
VCI: 33
AAL5 Encap: LLC
Protocol: IPoA , EoA , IPoA + NAT or EoA
+ NAT
Click Next to setup the IP parameters.
For more understanding about NAT, review
NAT/DMZ at page 40.
IP Address: 10.1.2.1
It is router IP address like from Internet.
Your ISP will provide it and you need to
specify here.
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
This is the router subnet mask seen by
external users on Internet. Your ISP will
provide it to you.
Gateway: 10.1.2.2
Your ISP will provide you the default
gateway.
DNS Server 1: 168.95.1.1
Your ISP will provide at least one DNS (Domain
Name System) Server IP address.
Click Next
29
VPI:
VCI:
Encapsulation:
IP Address:
Subnet Mask:
Gateway:
DNS Server:
Host Name:(if applicable)
ISP
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The screen will prompt the parameters that
will be written in EPROM. Check the
parameters before writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working
with new parameters or press continue to
setup another parameter.
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8 Advanced Setup
Advanced setup contains SHDSL.bis, WAN, Bridge, Route, NAT/DMZ, Virtual SERVER and
FIREWALL parameters.
8.1 SHDSL.bis
You can setup the Annex type, data rate and SNR margin for SHDSL.bis
parameters in SHDSL.bis.
Click SHDSL.bis
Annex Type: There are
foure Annex types, Annex
A (ANSI), Annex B (ETSI),
AnnexAF and Annex BG
in SHDSL.bis. Check with
your ISP about it.
TCPAM Type: the default
option is Auto. You may
assign the different type
manually by click the
caption TPCAM-16 or
TPCAM-32
Data Rate (2W): you can setup the SHDSL.bis data rate in the multiple of 64kbps.
The default data rate is 5696Kbps (n=89).
Under Annex F/G
TCPAM32 ; data rate is 768Kbps ~ 5696Kbps (Nx64kbps, N=12~89)
TCPAM16 ; data rate is 192Kbps ~ 3840Kbps (Nx64kbps, N=3~60)
Under Annex A/B
TCPAM16 ; 192Kbps ~ 2304Kbps (Nx 64kbps, N=3~36)
For adaptive mode, you have to setup n=0. The router will adapt the data rate according to the line
status.
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Data Rate (4W): you can setup the SHDSL.bis data rate in the multiple of 128kbps.
The default data rate is 11392Kbps (n=89).
Under Annex F/G
TCPAM32 ; data rate is 1536Kbps ~ 11392Kbps (Nx128kbps, N=12~ 89)
TCPAM16 ; data rate is 384Kbps ~ 7680Kbps (Nx128kbps, N=3~60)
Under Annex A/B
TCPAM16 ; 384Kbps ~ 4608Kbps (Nx 128kbps, N=3~36)
For adaptive mode, you have to setup n=0. The router will adapt the data rate according to the line
status.
SNR margin is an index of line connection quality. You can see the actual SNR margin in STATUS
SHDSL.bis. The larger is SNR margin; the better is line connection quality.
If you set SNR margin in the field as 2, the SHDSL.bis connection will drop and reconnect when the
SNR margin is lower than 2. On the other hand, the device will reduce the line rate and reconnect for
better line connection quality.
The screen will prompt the parameters that will be written in EPROM. Check the parameters before
writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working with new parameters or press continue to setup another
parameter.
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8.2 WAN
The SHDSL.bis router supports up to 8 PVCs. WAN 1 was configured via
BASIC except QoS. If you want to setup another PVCs, 2 to 7, the
parameters are setup in the page of WAN under ADVANCED. On the other
hand, you do not need to setup WAN except you apply two or more Internet
Services with ISPs.
The parameters in WAN Number 1 has
been setup in Basic Setup. If you want to
setup another PVC, you can configure in
WAN 2 to WAN 8.
Enter the parameters:
If WAN Protocol is PPPoA or PPPoE with
dynamic IP, leave the default WAN IP
Address and Subnet Mask as default
setting. The system will ingore the IP
Address and Subnet Mask information, but
erasion or blank in default setting will cause
system error.
If the WAN Protocol is IPoA or EoA, leave
the ISP parameters as default setting. The
system will ingore the information, but
erasion or blank in default setting will cause system error.
QoS (Quality of Service): The Traffic Management Specification V4.0 defines ATM service cataloges
that describe both the traffic transmitted by users onto a network as well as the Quailty of Service that
the network need to provide for that traffic.
UBR (Unspecified Bit Rate) is the simplest service provided by ATM networks. There is no guarantee of
anything. It is a primary service used for transferring Internet traffic over the ATM network.
CBR (Constant Bit Rate) is used by connections that requires a static amount of bandwidth that is
avilable during the connection life time. This bandwidth is characterized by Peak Cell Rate (PCR).
Based on the PCR of the CBR traffic, specific cell slots are assigned for the VC in the schedule table.
The ATM always sends a signle cell during the CBR connection’s assigned cell slot.
VBR-rt (Varible Bit Rate real-time) is intended for real-time applications, such as compressed voice over
IP and video comferencing, that require tightly constrained delays and delay variation. VBR-rt is
characterized by a peak cell rate (PCR), substained cell rate (SCR), and maximun burst rate (MBR).
VBR-nrt (Varible Bit Rate non-real-time)
PCR (Peak Cell Rate) in kbps: The maximum rate at which you expect to transmit data, voice and video.
Consider PCR and MBS as a menas of reducing lantency, not increasing bandwidth. The range of PCR
is 64kbps to 2400kbps
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SCR (Substained Cell Rate): The sustained rate at which you expect to transmit data, voice and video.
Consider SCR to be the true bandwidth of a VC and not the lone-term average traffic rate. The range of
SCR is 64kbps to 2400kbps.
MBS (Maximum Burst Size): The amount of time or the duration at which the router sends at PCR. The
range of MBS is 1 cell to 255 cells.
Press Finish to finish setting.
The screen will prompt the parameters that will be written in EPROM. Check the parameters before
writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working with new parameters or press continue to setup another
parameter.
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8.3 Bridge
If you want to setup advanced filter function while router is working in bridge
mode, you can use BRIDGE menu to setup the filter function, blocking function.
Click Bridge to setup.
Press Add in the bottom of web page to add
the static bridge information.
If you want to filter the designated MAC
address of LAN PC to access Internet, press
Add to establish the filtering table. Put the
MAC address in MAC Address field and
select Filter in LAN field.
If you want to filter the designated MAC
address of WAN PC to access LAN, press
Add to establish the filtering table. Key the
MAC address in MAC Address field and
select Filter in WAN field. For example: if
your VC is setup at WAN 1, select WAN 1
Filter.
The screen will prompt the parameters that
will be written in EPROM. Check the
parameters before writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working
with new parameters or press Continue to
setup another parameter.
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8.4 VLAN
Virtual LAN (VLAN) is defined as a group of devices on one or more LANs that
are configured so that they can communicate as if they were attached to the
same wire, when in fact they are located on a number of different LAN
segments. Because VLAN is based on logical instead of physical connections,
it is extremely flexible.
Click VLAN to configure VLAN.
The product support two types of VLAN:
802.1Q Tag-Based VLAN
Port-Based VLAN.
User can configure one of them to the
router.
For setting 802.1Q VLAN click the 802.1Q
Tag-Based VLAN. The screem will prompt
as follow.
VID: Virtual LAN ID. It is an definite number of ID which number is from 1 to 4094.
PVID: Port VID which is an untagged member of default VLAN.
Link Type: Access means the port can receive or send untagged packets.
Trunk means that the prot can receive or send tagged packets.
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Port-Based VLANs are VLANs where
the packet forwarding decision is based
on the destination MAC address and its
associated port.
Click Port-Based VLAN to configure
the router.
8.5 Ethernet
This page of function let user configure the media type of Ethernet.
Click ETHERNET to configure Ethernet.
Here are several options: AutoSense, 100Base-TX
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8.6 Route
If the Router is connected to more than one network, it may be necessary to set
up a static route between them. A static route is a pre-determined pathway that
network information must travel to reach a specific host or network.
With Dynamic Routing, you can enable the Router to automatically adjust to
physical changes in the network’s layout. The Router, using the RIP protocol,
determines the network packets’ route based on the fewest number of hops
between the source and the destination. The RIP protocol regularly broadcasts
routing information to other routers on the network.
Click Route to modify the routing information.
To modify the RIP (Routing information
protocol) Parameters:
RIP Mode: Enable
Auto RIP Summary: Enable
Press Modify
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RIP Mode: this parameter determines how the
product handle RIP (Routing information
protocol). RIP allows it to exchange routing
information with other router. If set to Disable,
the gateway does not participate in any RIP
exchange with other router. If set Enable, the
router broadcasts the routing table of the
router on the LAN and incoporates RIP
broadcast by other routers into it’s routing
table. If set silent, the router does not
broadcast the routing table, but it accepts RIP
broadcast packets that it receives.
RIP Version: It determines the format and
broadcasting method of any RIP
transmissions by the gateway.
RIP v1: it only sends RIP v1 messages only.
RIP v2: it send RIP v2 messages in multicast
and broadcast format.
Authentication required.
None: for RIP, there is no need of
authentication code.
Password: the RIP is protected by password,
authentication code.
MD5: The RIP will be decoded by MD5 than
protected by password, authentication code.
Poison Reserve is for the purpose of promptly
broadcast or multicast the RIP while the route
is changed. (ex shuting down one of the
routers in routing table)
Enable: the gateway will actively broadcast or
multicast the information.
Disable: the gateway will not broadcast or
multicast the information.
After modifying the RIP parameters, press
finish.
The screen will prompt the modified parameter. Check the parameters and perss Restart to restart the
router or press Continue to setup another parameters.
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8.7 NAT/DMZ
NAT (Network Address Translation) is the translation of an Internet Protocol
address (IP address) used within one network to a different IP address known
within another network. One network is designated the inside network and the
other is the outside. Typically, a company maps its local inside network
addresses to one or more global outside IP addresses and reverse the global IP
addresses of incoming packets back into local IP addresses. This ensure
security since each outgoing or incoming request must go through a translation
process, that also offers the opportunity to qualify or authenticate the request or
match it to a previous request. NAT also conserves on the number of global IP
addresses that a company needs and lets the company to use a single IP
address of its communication in the Internet world.
DMZ (demilitarized zone) is a computer host or small network inserted as a
“neutral zone” between a company private network and the outside public
network. It prevents outside users from getting direct access to a server that has
company private data.
In a typical DMZ configuration for an enterprise, a separate computer or host receives requests from
users within the private network to access via Web sites or other companies accessible on the public
network. The DMZ host then initiates sessions for these requests to the public network. However, the
DMZ host is not able to initiate a session back into the private network. It can only forward packets that
have already been requested.
Users of the public network outside the
company can access only the DMZ host.
The DMZ may typically also have the
company’s Web pages so these could serve
the outside world. However, the DMZ
provides access to no other company data.
In the event that an outside user penetrated
the DMZ host’s security, the Web pages
might be corrupted, but no other company
information would be exposed.
Press NAT/DMZ to setup the parameters.
If you want to enable the NAT/DMZ
functions, click Enable. Enable the DMZ
host Function is used the IP address
assigned to the WAN for enabling DMZ
function for the virtual IP address.
Multi-DMZ: Some users who have two or
more global IP addresses assigned by ISP
can be used the multi DMZ. The table is for
the mapping of global IP address and virtual
IP address.
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Multi-NAT: Some of the virtual IP addresses (eg: 192.168.0.10 ~ 192.168.0.50) collectively use two of
the global IP addresses (eg: 69.210.1.9 and 69.210.1.10). The Multi-NAT table will be setup as;
Virtual Start IP Address: 192.168.0.10
Count: 40
Global Start IP Address: 69.210.1.9
Count: 2
Press Finish to continue.
The screen will prompt the parameters that will be written in EPROM. Check the parameters before
writing in EPROM. Press Restart to restart the router working with new parameters or Continue to
configure another parameter.
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8.8 Virtual Server
For example: Specific ports on the WAN interface are re-mapped to services
inside the LAN. As only 69.210.1.8 (e.g., assigned to WAN from ISP) is visible to
the Internet, but does not actually have any services (other than NAT of course)
running on gateway, it is said to be a virtual server. Request with TCP made to
69.210.1.8:80 are remapped to the server 1 on 192.168.0.2:80 for working days
from Monday to Friday 8 AM to 6PM, other requests with UDP made to
69.210.1.8:25 are remapped to server 2 on 192.168.0.3:25 and always on.
You can setup the router as Index 1, protocol TCP, interface WAN1, service
name test1, private IP 192.168.0.2, private port 80, public port 80, schedule
from Day Monday to Friday and time 8:0 to 16:0 and index 2, protocol UDP,
interface WAN1, service name test2, private IP 192.168.0.3, private port 25,
public port 25, schedule always.
Click Virtual Server to configure the parameters.
Press Modify for modify 1.
Type the necessary parameters then click Finish.
Press Restart to restart the router or press
Continue to setup another function.
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8.9 Firewall
A firewall is a set of related programs that protects the resources of a private
network from other networks. It is helpful to users that allow preventing hackers
to access its own private data resource accidentally.
Click Basic Firewall Security.
This level only enables the NAT
firewall and the remote
management security. The NAT
firewall will take effect if NAT
function is enabled. The remote
management security is default
to block any WAN side
connection to the device.
Non-empty legal IP pool in
ADMIN will block all remote
management connection except
those IPs specified in the pool.
Press Finish to finish setting of
firewall
The screen will prompt the parameters, which
router will record in EPROM. Check the
parameters.
Press Restart to restart the router or press
Continue to setup another function.
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Click Automatic Firewall
Security. This level enables
basic firewall security, all DoS
protection, and the SPI filter
function.
Press Finsih to finish setting
firewall.
The screen will prompt the parameters, which will
be written in EPROM. Check the parameters.
Press Restart to restart the router or press
Continue to setup another function.
User can determine the security level for special
purpose, environment, and applications by
configuring the DoS protection and defining an
extra packet filter with higher priority than the
default SPI filter. Note that, an improper filter policy
may degrade the capability of the firewall and/or
even block the normal network traffic.
Click Advanced Firewall Security
and then press Finish.
A SYN flood attack attempts to
slow your network by requesting
new connections but not
completing the process to open
the connection. Once the buffer
for these pending connections is
full a server will not accept any
more connections and will be
unresponsive.
ICMP Flood: A sender transmits a volume of ICMP request packets to cause all CPU resources to be
consumed serving the phony requests.
UDP Flood: A sender transmits a volume of requests for UDP diagnostic services which cause all CPU
resources to be consumed serving the phony requests.
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A ping of death attack attempts to crash
your system by sending a fragmented
packet, when reconstructed is larger than
the maximum allowable size. Other known
variants of the ping of death include
teardrop, bonk and nestea.
A land attack is an attempt to slow your
network down by sending a packet with
identical source and destination addresses
originating from your network.
IP Spoofing is a method of masking the
identity of an intrusion by making it appeared that the traffic came from a different computer. This is
used by intruders to keep their anonymity and can be used in a Denial of Service attack.
A smurf attack involves two systems. The attacker sends a packet containing a ICMP echo request
(ping) to the network address of one system. This system is known as the amplifier. The return address
of the ping has been faked (spoofed) to appear to come from a machine on another network (the victim).
The victim is then flooded with responses to the ping. As many responses are generated for only one
attack, the attacker is able use many amplifiers on the same victim.
IP Spoofing: Falsify the IP header information to deceive the destination host.
Traditional firewall is stateless meaning they have no memory of the connections of data or packets that
pass through them. Such IP filtering firewalls simply examine header information in each packet and
attempt to match it to a set of define rule. If the firewall finds a match, the prescribe action is taken. If no
match is found, the packet is accepted into the network, or dropped, depending on the firewall
configuration.
A stateful firewall maintains a memory of
each connection and data passing
through it. Stateful firewall records the
context of connections during each
session, continuously updating state
information in dynamic tables. With this
information, stateful firewalls inspect
each connection traversing each
interface of the firewall, testing the
validity of data packets throughout each
session. As data arrives, it is checked
against the state tables and if the data is
part of the session, it is accepted. Stateful firewalls enable a more intelligent, flexible and robust
approach to network security, while defeating most intrusion methods that exploit state-less IP filtering
firewalls.
If you want to configure the Packet Filtering Parameters, choose Enable and press Add.
Select the Protocol and configure the
parameter.
If you want to ban all of the protocol from
the IP (e.g.: 200.1.1.1) to access the all
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PCs (e.g.: 192.168.0.2 ~ 192.168.0.50) in the LAN, key in the parameter as;
Protocol: ANY
Direction:
INBOUND (INBOUND is from WAN to LAN, and OUTBOUND is LAN to WAN.)
Description: Hacker
Src. IP Address: 200.1.1.1
Dest. IP Address: 192.168.0.2-192.168.0.50
Press OK to finish.
The screen will prompt the configured
parameters. Check the parameters.
Click Restart to restart the gateway or
Continue to configure another
parameters.
Filtering Rule for SMTP connection
Filtering rule will be configured as follow
Index
1
2
3
4
5
Protocol
TCP
TCP
TCP
TCP
Any
Direction
Inbound
Outbound
Outbound
Inbound
Either
Packet Direction
1
Inbound
2
Outbound
Action
Permit
Permit
Permit
Permit
Deny
Source
192.168.3.4
172.16.1.1
Source
External
Internal
Internal
External
Any
Destination
Internal
External
External
Internal
Any
Destination
172.16.1.1
192.168.3.4
Dest. Port
25
>1023
25
>1023
Any
Schedule
Always
Always
Always
Always
Always
Protocol Dest. Port Action (Rule)
TCP
25
Permit (A)
TCP
1234
Permit (B)
172.16.1.1:25
192.168.3.4:1234
1
Internet
2
SMTP Server
Packet Direction
3
Outbound
4
Inbound
Source
172.16.1.1
192.168.3.4
Firewall
SMTP Client
Destination
192.168.3.4
172.16.1.1
Protocol Dest. Port Action (Rule)
TCP
25
Permit (C)
TCP
1357
Permit (D)
172.16.1.1:1357
192.168.3.4:25
3
Internet
4
SMTP Client
Firewall
SMTP Server
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Packet Direction
5
Inbound
6
Outbound
Source
10.1.2.3
171.16.3.4
V.004
Destination
171.16.3.4
10.1.2.3
Protocol Dest. Port Action (Rule)
TCP
6000
Deny (E)
TCP
5150
Deny (E)
171.16.3.4:6000
10.1.2.3:5150
5
Internet
6
X11 Server
Firewall
Attacker
Update Filtering Rule
Protocol
TCP
TCP
TCP
TCP
Any
Direction
Inbound
Outbound
Outbound
Inbound
Either
Action
Permit
Permit
Permit
Permit
Deny
Filtering Result
Index Protocol
1
TCP
2
TCP
3
TCP
4
TCP
5
TCP
6
TCP
Direction
Inbound
Outbound
Outbound
Inbound
Inbound
Outbound
Action
Source
Permit(A) 192.168.3.4
Permit(B) 171.16.1.1
Permit(C) 171.16.1.1
Permit(D) 192.168.3.4
Deny(E) 10.1.2.3
Deny(E) 171.16.3.4
Index
1
2
3
4
5
Source
External
Internal
Internal
External
Any
Destination
Internal
External
External
Internal
Any
Destination
171.16.1.1
192.168.3.4
192.168.3.4
171.16.1.1
171.16.3.4
10.1.2.3
Source Port
>1023
25
>1023
25
Any
Dest. Port
25
>1023
25
>1023
Any
Source Port
1234
25
1357
25
5150
6000
Dest. Port
25
1234
25
1357
6000
5150
Rule Order
The rules order affects the filtering result. The filtering process will proceed from top to bottom,
changing the order as the different result of filtering.
Rule
A
B
C
Source Address
10.0.0.0
10.1.99.0
Any
Destination Address
172.16.6.0
172.16.0.0
Any
Action
Permit
Deny
Deny
Where “0” at the last eight bits indicates “from 1 to 254”, “0” at any eight bits preceding “0”, “0.0” or
“0.0.0” indicates “from 1 to 254”. On the other hand, “0” and all “0” successive with “0” represents any.
When the rule is ordered as ABC:
Index
1
2
3
4
5
Source Address
10.1.99.1
10.1.99.1
10.1.1.1
10.1.1.1
192.168.3.4
Destination Address
172.16.1.1
172.16.6.1
172.16.6.1
172.16.1.1
172.16.6.1
The rule order will permit 10.1.99.1 to access 172.16.6.1.
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Action
Deny (B)
Permit (A)
Permit (A)
Deny (C)
Deny (C)
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When the rule is ordered as BAC:
Index
Source Address
Destination Address
1
10.1.99.1
172.16.1.1
2
10.1.99.1
172.16.6.1
3
10.1.1.1
172.16.6.1
4
10.1.1.1
172.16.1.1
5
192.168.3.4
172.16.6.1
The rule order will deny 10.1.99.1 to access 172.6.6.1.
Action
Deny (B)
Deny (B)
Permit (A)
Deny (C)
Deny (C)
8.10 IP QoS
IP QoS is a good function to decide which PCs can get the priorities to pass
though router once if the bandwidth is exhausted or fully saturated.
Click Enable at item Trigger IP QoS Service
in General IP QoS Parameter, which turn on
this function if you want to enable it.
Click Add in the bottom of web page to
begin a new entry in Policy table.
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Set the policy to action.
Description: A brief statement describe this
policy
Local IP: type IP address of local host in
prioritized session.
Remote IP: type IP address of remote host
in prioritized session.
Local Port: type the service port number of
local host in prioritized session.
Remote Port: type the service port number
of remote host in prioritized session.
Protocol: identify the transportation layer
protocol type you want to prioritize, ex:
TCP or UDP. The default is ANY.
Precedence: type the session’s prioritized level you classify, “0” is lowest priority, “5” is highest priority.
This is an example for your reference,
192.168.1.60 is the highest priority to
undergo the over full bandwidth situation.
192.168.1.50 is the second high priority;
192.168.1.40 is the third high priority and
so on.
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9 Administration
This session introduces security and simple network management protocol
(SNMP) and time synchronous.
9.1 Security
For system secutiry, suggest to change the default user name and password in
the first setup otherwise unauthorized persons can access the router and
change the parameters.
There are three ways to configure the router, Web browser, telnet and serial
console.
Press Security to setup the parameters.
For greater security, change the Supervisor
ID and password for the gateway. If you don’t
set them, all users on your network can be
able to access the gateway using the default
IP and Password root.
You can authorize five legal users to access
the router via telnet or console. There are two
UI modes, menu driven mode and command
mode to configure the router.
Legal address pool will setup the legal IP
addresses from which authorized person can
configure the gateway. This is the more
secure function for network administrator to
setup the legal address of configuration.
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Configured 0.0.0.0 will allow all hosts on
Internet or LAN to access the router.
Leaving blank of trust host list will cause
blocking all PC from WAN to access the router.
On the other hand, only PC in LAN can
access the router.
If you type the excact IP address in the filed,
only the host can access the router.
Click Finish to finish the setting.
The browser will prompt the configured parameters and check it before writing into EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the gateway working with the new parameters and press Continue to setup
other parameters.
9.2 SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) provides for the exchange of
messages between a network management client and a network management
agent for remote management of network nodes. These messages contain
requests to get and set variables that exist in network nodes in order to obtain
statistics, set configuration parameters, and monitor network events. SNMP
communications can occur over the LAN or WAN connection.
The router can generate SNMP traps to indicate alarm conditions, and it relies
on SNMP community strings to implement SNMP security.
This router support both MIB I and MIB II.
Click SNMP to configure the parameters.
In the table of current community pool, you can setup
the access authority.
In the table of current trap host pool, you can setup
the trap host.
Press Modify to modify the community pool.
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SNMP status: Enable
Access Right: Deny for deny all access
Read for access read only
Write for access read and
write.
Community: it serves as password for
access right.
After configuring the community pool, press
OK.
SNMP trap is an informational message sent
from an SNMP agent to a manager. Click
Modify to modify the trap host pool.
Version: select version for trap host. (Version 1
is for SNMPv1; Version 2 for SNMPv2).
IP Address: type the trap host IP address
Community: type the community password.
The community is setup in community pool.
Press OK to finish the setup.
The browser will prompt the configured parameters and check it before writing into EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the gateway working with the new parameters and press Continue to setup
other parameters.
9.3 Time Sync
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Time synchronization is an essential element for any business, which relies on
the IT system. The reason for this is that these systems all have clock that is
the source of timer for their filing or operations. Without time synchronization,
these system’s clocks vary and cause the failure of firewall packet filtering
schedule processes, compromised security, or virtual server working in wrong
schedule.
Click TIME SYNC.
Synchronization modes (SYNC method):
SNTP v4.0., Simple Network Time Protocol
Sync with PC, synchronization with PC.
For synchronization with PC,
select Sync with PC. The gateway will
synchronize the time with the connecting PC.
SNTP is the acronym for Simple Network
Time Protocol, which is an adaptation of the
Network Time Protocol (NTP) used to
synchronize computer clocks in the Internet.
SNTP can be used when the ultimate
performance of the full NTP implementation.
For SNTP, select SNTP v4.0.
Service: Enable
Time Server 1: All of the time server around
the world can be used but suggest to use the
timeserver nearby.
Time Zone: you have to choose the right
time zone.
Press Finish to finish the setup. The browser will prompt the configured parameters and check it before
writing into EPROM.
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10 Utility
This section will describe the utility of the product including:
SYSTEM INFO: system information,
CONFIG TOOL: load the factory default configuration,
UPGRADE: upgrade the firmware
LOGOUT: logout the system
RESTART: restart the router.
10.1 System Info
Click System Info for review the information.
The browser will prompt the system information.
10.2 Config Tool
This configuration tool has three functions: load Factory Default, Restore
Configuration, and Backup Configuration.
Press CONFIG TOOL.
Choose the function and then press Finish.
Load Factory Default: it will load the factory default parameters to the
gateway.
Note: This action will change all of the settings to factory default. On the other
hand, you will lose all the existing configured parameters.
Restore Configuration: Sometime the configuration crushed occasionally.
it will help you to recover the backup configuration easily.
Click Finish after selecting Restore
Configuration.
Browse the route of backup file then
press finish. The router will
automatically restore the saved
configuration.
Backup Configuration:
After configuration, suggest using the
function to backup your router parameters in the PC. Select the Backup Configuration and then
press Finish. Browse the place of backup file named backup. Press Finish. The router will
automatically backup the configuration.
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10.3 Upgrade
You can upgrade the gateway using the upgrade function.
Press Upgrade in UTILITY.
Browse the file and press OK button to
upgrade. The system will reboot
automatically after finishing.
10.4 Logout
To logout the router, press LOGOUT in UTILITY.
10.5 Restart
For restarting the router, click the Restart in UTILITY.
Press Restart to reboot the router.
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11 Status
You can monitor the SHDSL.bis status including mode, Tx power and Bitrate
and Performance information including SNR margin, atteunation and CRC error
count.
LAN status will prompt the MAC address, IP address, Subnet mask and DHCP
client table.
WAN status will display the WAN interface information.
You can view the routing table in the status of ROUTE.
INTERFACE status inculdes LAN and WAN statistics information.
FIREWALL status display DoS protection status and dropped packets statistics.
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12 LAN-to-LAN connection with bridge Mode
STU-C (CO)
STU-R (CPE)
Bridge
Bridge
IP: 192.168.0.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
PC
IP: 192.168.0.2
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
VPI:0, VCI:32
Encapsulation: LLC
IP: 192.168.0.100
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.1
IP: 192.168.0.200
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.2
12.1 CO side
Click Bridge and CO Side to setup Bridging mode of the Router and then click Next.
Enter LAN Parameters
IP: 192.168.0.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.1
Host Name: SOHO
Enter WAN1 Parameters
VPI: 0
VCI: 32
Click LLC
Click Next
The screen will prompt the new configured
parameters. Check the parameters and
Click Restart The router will reboot with the
new setting.
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12.2 CPE Side
Click Bridge and CO Side to setup
Bridging mode of the Router and then click
Next.
Enter LAN Parameters
IP: 192.168.0.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.0.2
Host Name: SOHO
Enter WAN1 Parameters
VPI: 0
VCI: 32
Click LLC
Click Next
The screen will prompt the new configured
parameters. Check the parameters and
Click Restart The router will reboot with
the new setting.
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13 LAN to LAN Connection with Routing Mode
STU-C (CO)
STU-R (CPE)
Router
IP: 192.168.20.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Router
IPoA or EoA
VPI:0, VCI:32
Encapsulation: LLC
IP: 192.168.30.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.30.2
IP: 192.168.10.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
IP: 192.168.30.2
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.30.1
IP: 192.168.20.100
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.20.1
IP: 192.168.10.200
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.10.1
13.1 CO Side
Click ROUTE and CO Side, then Next.
Type LAN parameters:
IP Address: 192.168.20.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Host Name: SOHO
DHCP Service: Disable or Enable
For more DHCP service, review DHCP
Service on page 25.
Type the WAN1 Parameters;
VPI: 0
VCI: 32
AAL5 Encap: LLC
Protocol: IPoA , EoA , IPoA + NAT or EoA
+ NAT
Note: The Protocol used in CO and CPE
have to be the same.
Click Next to setup the IP parameters.
For more understanding about NAT, review
NAT/DMZ on page 40.
IP Address: 192.168.20.1
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Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.169.30.2
Click Next
The screen will prompt the parameters that we will write in EPROM. Check the parameters before
writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working with new parameters or press continue to setup another
parameter.
13.2 CPE side
Click ROUTE and CPE Side then press
Next.
Type LAN parameters:
IP Address: 192.168.10.1
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Host Name: SOHO
DHCP Service: Disable or Enable
For more DHCP service, review DHCP
Service on page 25..
Type the WAN Parameters;
VPI: 0
VCI: 32
AAL5 Encap: LLC
Protocol: IPoA , EoA , IPoA + NAT or EoA +
NAT
Note: The Protocol used in CO and CPE
have to be the same.
Click Next to setup the IP parameters.
For more understanding about NAT, review
NAT/DMZ on page 40.
IP Address: 192.168.30.2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.169.30.1
Click Next
The screen will prompt the parameters that
we will write in EPROM. Check the
parameters before writing in EPROM.
Press Restart to restart the router working
with new parameters or press continue to setup another parameter.
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14 Configuration via Serial Console or Telnet with Manu
Driven Interface
14.1 Serial Console
Check the connectivity of the RS-232 cable from your computer to the serial port of ROUTER. Start your
terminal access program by VT100 terminal emulation with the following parameters:
Parameter
Value
Baudrate
Data Bits
Parity Check
Stop Bits
Flow-control
9600
8
No
1
No
Press the SPACE key until the login screen appears. When you see the login screen, you can logon to
Router.
Note: Only SPACE key invoke the login prompt. Pressing other keys does not work.
User: admin
Password: *****
Note: The factory default User and Password are “admin” both.
14.2 Telnet
Make sure the correct Ethernet cable connected the LAN port of your computer to ROUTER. The LAN
LNK indicator on the front panel shall light if a correct cable is used. Starting your Telnet client with
VT100 terminal emulation and connecting to the management IP of Router, wait for the login prompt
appears. Input User and Password after login screen pop up,
User: admin
Password: *****
Note: The default IP address is 192.168.0.1.
14.3 Operation Interface
For serial console and Telnet management, the ROUTER implements two operational interfaces:
Command Line Interface (CLI) and menu driven interface. The CLI mode provides users a simple
interface, which is better for working with script file. The menu driven interface is a user-friendly
interface to general operations. The command syntax for CLI is the same as that of the menu driven
interface. The only difference is that the menu driven interface shows you all of available commands for
you to select. You don’t need to remember the command syntax and save your time on typing the
whole command line.
The following figure gives you an example of the menu driven interface. In the menu, you scroll
up/down by pressing key I / K, select one command by key L, and go back to a higher level of menu by
key J. For example, to show the system information, just logon to the ROUTER, move down the cursor
by pressing key K twice and select “show” command by key L, you shall see a submenu and select
“system” command in this submenu, then the system will show you the general information.
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14.4 Window structure
From top to bottom, the window is divided into four parts:
1.
Product name
2.
Menu field: Menu tree prompts on this field. Symbol “>>” indicates the cursor place.
3.
Configuring field: You will configure the parameters in this field. < parameters > indicates the
parameters you can choose and < more…> indicates that there have submenu in the title.
4.
Operation command for help
The following table shows the parameters in the brackets.
Command
<ip>
<Route|Bridge>
[1~1999]
[1~65534|-t]
Description
An item enclosed in brackets is required. If the item is shown in lower
case bold, it represents an object with special format. For example,
<ip> may be 192.168.0.3.
Two or more items enclosed in brackets and separated by vertical
bars means that you must choose exactly one of the items. If the item
is shown in lower case bold with leading capital letter, it is a command
parameter. For example, Route is a command parameter in
<Route|Bridge>.
An item enclosed in brackets is optional.
Two or more items enclosed in brackets and separated by vertical
bars means that you can choose one or none of the items.
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14.5 Menu Driven Interface Commands
Before changing the configuration, familiarize yourself with the operations list in the following table. The
operation list will be shown on the window.
Keystroke
[UP] or I
[DOWN] or K
[LEFT] or J
[RIGHT] or L
[ENTER]
[TAB]
Ctrl + C
Ctrl + Q
Menu Driven Interface Commands
Description
Move to above field in the same level menu.
Move to below field in the same level menu.
Move back to previous menu.
Move forward to submenu.
Move forward to submenu.
To choose another parameters.
To quit the configuring item.
For help
14.6 Menu Tree
The menu three are as following figures. All of the configuration commands are placed in the
subdirectories of Enable protected by supervisor password. On the other hand, unauthorized user
cannot change any configurations but viewing the status and configuration of the router and using ping
command to make sure the router is working.
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14.7 Configuration
To setup the router, move the cursor “ >>” to enable and press enter key. While the screen appears,
type the supervisor password. The default supervisor password is root. The password will be prompted
as “ * “ symbol for system security.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: enable <CR>
Message: Please input the following information.
Supervisor password: ****
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this sub menu, you can setup management features and upgrade software, backup the system
configuration and restore the system configuration via utility tools.
For any changes of configuration, you have to write the new configuration to EPROM and reboot the
router to work with new setting.
The screen will prompt as follow.
>> enable
setup
status
show
write
reboot
ping
admin
utility
exit
Modify command privilege
Configure system
Show running system status
View system configuration
Update flash configuration
Reset and boot system
Packet internet groper command
Setup management features
TFTP upgrade utility
Quit system
Command Description:
Command
Description
enable
Modify command privilege. When you login via serial console or Telnet, the
router defaults to a program execution (read-only) privileges to you. To change
the configuration and write changes to nonvolatile RAM (NVRAM), you must
work in enable mode.
setup
To configure the product, you have to use the setup command.
status
View the status of product.
show
Show the system and configuration of product.
write
Update flash configuration. After you have completed all necessary setting,
make sure to write the new configuration to NVRAM by “write” command and
reboot the system, or all of your changes will not take effect.
reboot
Reset and boot system. After you have completed all necessary setting, make
sure to write the new configuration to NVRAM and reboot the system by
“reboot” command, or all of your changes will not take effect.
ping
Packet internet groper command.
admin
You can setup management features in this command.
Upgrade software and backup and restore configuration are working via “utility”
utility
command.
exit
Quit system
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14.8 Status
You can view running system status of SHDSL.bis, WAN, route and interface via status command.
Move cursor “ >> “ to status and press enter.
>> shdsl.bis
wan
route
interface
firewall
Command
shdsl.bis
wan
route
interface
firewall
Show
Show
Show
Show
Show
SHDSL.bis status
WAN interface status
routing table
interface statistics status
firewall status
Description
The SHDSL.bis status includes line rate, SNR margin, TX power, attenuation,
and CRC error of the product, and SNR margin, attenuation and CRC error of
remote side. The product access remote side information via EOC (embedded
operation channel).
WAN status shows the 8 PVC information
You can see the routing table via route command.
The statistic status of WAN and LAN interface can be monitor by interface
command.
The current and history status of firewall are shown in this command.
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14.9 Show
You can view the system information, configuration, and configuration in command script by show
command.
Move cursor “ >> “ to show and press enter.
>> system
config
script
Command
system
config
script
Show general information
Show all configuration
Show all configuration in command script
Description
The general information of the system will show in system command.
Config command can display detail configuration information.
Configuration information will prompt in command script.
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Write
For any changes of configuration, you must write the new configuration to EPROM using write
command and reboot the router to take affect.
Move cursor to “ >> “ to write and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: write <CR>
Message: Please input the following information.
Are you sure? (y/n): y
----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Reboot
To reboot the router, please use “reboot” command. Move cursor to “ >> “ to write and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: reboot <CR>
Message: Please input the following information.
Do you want to reboot? (y/n): y
----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Ping
Ping command will be used to test the connection of router. Move cursor “ >> “ to ping and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: ping <ip> [1~65534|-t] [1~1999]
Message: Please input the following information.
IP address <IP> : 10.0.0.1
Number of ping request packets to send (TAB select): -t
Data size [1~1999]: 32
---------------------------------------------------------------------There are 3 types of number of ping request packet to send, default, 1~65534 and –t. Default will send
4 packet and –t continuous packet until you key in Ctrl+c to stop.
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Administration
You can modify the user profile, telnet access, SNMP (Sample Network Management Protocol),
supervisor information and SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) in admin. The route is enable admin.
For configuration the parameters, move the cursor “ >> “ to admin and press enter.
>> user
security
snmp
passwd
id
sntp
Manage user profile
Setup system security
Configure SNMP parameter
Change supervisor password
Change supervisor ID
Configure time synchronization
14.13.1 User Profile
You can use user command to clear, modify and list the user profile. You can setup at most five users
to access the router via console port or telnet in user profile table however users who have the
supervisor password can change the configuration of the router. Move the cursor “ >> “ to user and
press enter key.
>> clear
modify
list
Clear user profile
Modify the user profile
List the user profile
You can delete the user by number using clear command. If you do not make sure the number of user,
you can use list command to check it. Modify command is to modify an old user information or add a
new user to user profile.
To modify or add a new user, move the cursor to modify and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin user modify <1~5> <more...>
Message: Please input the following information.
Legal access user profile number <1~5> : 2
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The screen will prompt as follow.
>> Attrib
Profile
UI mode
User name and password
There are two UI mode, command and menu mode, to setup the product. We will not discuss command
mode in this manual.
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14.13.2 Security
Security command can be configured sixteen legal IP address for telnet access and telnet port number.
Move the cursor “ >> “ to security and press enter. The default legal address is 0.0.0.0. It means that
there is no restriction of IP to access the router via telnet.
>> port
ip_pool
list
Configure telnet TCP port
Legal address IP address pool
Show security profile
14.13.3 SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is the protocol not only governing network
management, but also the monitoring of network devices and their functions.
The router can generate SNMP traps to indicate alarm conditions, and it relies on SNMP community
strings to implement SNMP security. This router support MIB I & II.
Move the cursor “ >> “ to snmp and press enter.
>> community
trap
Configure community parameter
Configure trap host parameter
5 SNMP community entry can be configured in this system. Move the cursor to community and press
enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin snmp community <1~5> <more...>
Message: Please input the following information.
Community entry number <1~5> : 2
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The screen will prompt as follow:
>> edit
list
Edit community entry
Show community configuration
5 SNMP trap entry can be configured in this system. Move the cursor to trap and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin snmp trap <1~5> <more...>
Message: Please input the following information.
Trap host entry number <1~5> : 2
----------------------------------------------------------------------
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The screen will prompt as follow:
>> edit
list
Edit trap host parameter
Show trap configuration
14.13.4 Supervisor Password and ID
The supervisor password and ID is the last door for security but the most important. Users who access
the router via web browser have to use the ID and password to configure the router and users who
access the router via telnet or console mode have to use the password to configure the router. Suggest
to change the ID and password after the first time of configuration, and save it. At next time when you
access to the router, you have to use the new password.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin passwd <pass_conf>
Message: Please input the following information.
Input old Supervisor password: ****
Input new Supervisor password: ********
Re-type Supervisor password: ********
----------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin id <pass_conf>
Message: Please input the following information.
Legal user name (Enter for default) <root> : test
----------------------------------------------------------------------
14.13.5 SNTP
Time synchronization is an essential element for any business that relies on an IT system. The reason
for this is that these systems all have clocks, which are the source of time for files or operations they
handle. Without time synchronization, time on these systems varies with each other or with the correct
time and this can cause- virtual server schedule processes to fail and system log exposures with wrong
data.
There are two methods to synchronize time, synchronize with PC or SNTPv4. If you choose
synchronize with PC, the router will synchronize with PC. If you choose SNTPv4, the router will use the
protocol to synchronize with the time server. Synchronization with time server, SNTP v4, needs to
configure service, time_server and time_zone. Synchronization with PC does not need to configure the
above parameters.
Move the cursor “ >> “ to sntp and press enter.
>> method
service
time_server1
time_server2
time_server3
updaterate
Select time synchronization method
Tigger SNTP v4.0 service
Configure time server 1
Configure time server 2
Configure time server 3
Configure update period
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time_zone
Configure GMT time zone offset
list
Show SNTP configuration
To configure SNTP v4 time synchronization, follow the below procedures.
move the cursor to method and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin sntp method <SNTPv4|SyncWithPC>
Message: Please input the following information.
SYNC method (Enter for default) <SyncWithPC> : SNTPv4
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Move the cursor to service and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin sntp service <Disable|Enable>
Message: Please input the following information.
Active SNTP v4.0 service (Tab Select) <Enable> : Enable
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Move the cursor to time_server1 and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin sntp time_server1 <string>
Message: Please input the following information.
Time server address(Enter for default) <ntp-2.vt.edu> : ntp-2.vt.edu
----------------------------------------------------------------------
You can configure three time servers in this system.
Move the cursor to update_rate and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin sntp update_rate <10~268435455>
Message: Please input the following information.
Update period (secs) (Enter for default) : 86400
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Move the cursor to time_zone and configure where your router is placed. The easiest way to know the
time zone offset hour is from your PC clock. Double click the clock at the right corner of monitor and
check the time zone.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: admin sntp time_zone <-12~12>
Message: Please input the following information.
GTM time zone offset (hours) (Enter for default) : -8
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Move the cursor to list and review the setting.
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Utility
There are three utility tools, upgrade, backup and restore, embedded in the firmware. You can update
the new firmware via TFTP upgrade tools and backup the configuration via TFTP backup tool and
restore the configuration via TFTP restore tool. For upgrade, TFTP server with the new firmware will be
supported by supplier but for backup and restore, you must have your own TFTP server to backup and
restore the file.
Move the cursor “ >> “ to utility and press enter.
>> upgrade
backup
Restore
14.15
Upgrade main software
Backup system configuration
Restore system configuration
Exit
If you want to exit the system without saving, use exit command to quit system.
14.16
Setup
All of the setup parameters are located in the subdirectories of setup. Move the cursor “ >> “ to setup
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and press enter.
>> mode
shdsl.bis
wan
bridge
vlan
route
lan
ip_share
firewall
dhcp
dns_proxy
hostname
default
Switch system operation mode
Configure SHDSL.bis parameters
Configure WAN interface profile
Configure transparent bridging
Configure virtual LAN paramters
Configure routing parameters
Configure LAN interface profile
Configure NAT/PAT parameters
Configure Firewall parameters
Configure DHCP parameters
Configure DNS proxy parameters
Configure local host name
Restore factory default setting
14.16.1 Mode
The product can act as routing mode or bridging mode. The default setting is routing mode. You can
change the system operation mode by using mode command. Move the cursor “ >> “ to mode and
press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup mode <Route|Bridge>
Message: Please input the following information.
System operation mode (TAB select) <Route>: Route
----------------------------------------------------------------------
14.16.2 SHDSL.bis
You can setup the SHDSL.bis parameters by the command shdsl.bis. Move the cursor “ >> “ to
shdsl.bis and press enter.
>> mode
Link
n*64
type
clear
margin
Configure SHDSL.bis mode
Configure SHDSL.bis link
Configure SHDSL.bis data rate
Configure SHDSL.bis annex type
Clear current CRC error count
Configure SHDSL.bis SNR margin
There are two types of SHDSL.bis mode, STU-R and STU-C. STU-R means the terminal of central
office and STU-C customer premise equipment.
Link type will be 2-wire or 4-wire mode according to the product. 4-wire product can be worked under
2-wire mode.
You can setup the data rate by the multiple of 64Kbps where n is from 3 to 89.
There are four types of SHDSL.bis Annex type, Annex-A, Annex-B, Annex-F, and Annex-G.
Clear command can clear CRC error count.
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Generally, you cannot need to change SNR margin, which range is from 0 to 10. SNR margin is an
index of line connection. You can see the actual SNR margin in STATUS SHDSL.bis. The larger is SNR
margin; the better is line connection quality. If you set SNR margin in the field as 2, the SHDSL.bis
connection will drop and reconnect when the SNR margin is lower than 2. On the other hand, the
device will reduce the line rate and reconnect for better line connection.
14.16.3 WAN
The router supports 8 PVC, private virtual circuit, and so you can setup eight WAN, WAN1 to WAN8.
Move the cursor “ >> “ to wan and press enter. To setup WAN1, type 1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup wan <1~8>
Message: Please input the following information.
Interface number <1~8>: 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
>> protocol
address
vpi_vci
encap
qos
isp
ip_type
list
Link type protocol
IP address and subnet mask
Configure VPI/VCI value
Configure encapsulation type
Configure VC QoS
Configure account name, password and idle time
Configure IP type in PPPoA and PPPoE
WAN interface configuration
There are four types of protocols, IPoA, EoA, PPPoA and PPPoE, which you can setup.
For dynamic IP of PPPoA and PPPoE, you do not need to setup IP address and subnet mask.
There is an unique VPI and VCI value for Internet connection supported by ISP. The range of VIP is
from 0 to 255 and VCI from 0 to 65535.
There are two types of encapsulation types, VC-Mux and LLC.
You can setup virtual circuit quality of service, VC QoS, using qos command. The product supports
UBR, CBR, VBR-rt and VBR-nrt. The peak cell rate can be configured from 64kbps to 2400kbps. Move
the cursor to qos and press enter.
>> class
pcr
scr
mbs
Configure
Configure
Configure
Configure
QoS class
peak cell rate (kbps)
sustainable cell rate (kbps)
max. burst size (cell)
ISP command can configure account name, password and idle time. Idle time are from 0 minute to 300
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minutes.
Most of the ISP use dynamic IP for PPP connection but some of the ISP use static IP. Configure the IP
type, dynamic or fixed, via ip_type command.
You can review the WAN interface configuration via list command.
14.16.4 Bridge
You can setup the bridge parameters in bridge command. If the product is configured as a router, you
do not want to setup the bridge parameters. Move the cursor “ >> “ to bridge and press enter.
>> gateway
static
Default gateway
Static bridging table
You can setup default gateway IP via gateway command.
You can setup 20 sets of static bridge in static command. After entering static menu, the screen will
prompt as below:
>> add
delete
modify
list
Add static MAC entry
Delete static MAC entry
Modify static MAC entry
Show static bridging table
After enter add menu, the screen will prompt as follow
>> mac
lan_port
wan1_port
wan2_port
wan3_port
wan4_port
wan5_port
wan6_port
wan7_port
wan8_port
list
Configure MAC address
Configure LAN interface bridging type
Configure WAN1 interface bridging type
Configure WAN2 interface bridging type
Configure WAN3 interface bridging type
Configure WAN4 interface bridging type
Configure WAN5 interface bridging type
Configure WAN6 interface bridging type
Configure WAN7 interface bridging type
Configure WAN8 interface bridging type
Show static bridging table
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14.16.5 VLAN
Virtual LAN (VLAN) is defined as a group of devices on one or more LANs that are configured so that
they can communicate as if they were attached to the same wire, when in fact they are located on a
number of different LAN segments. Because VLAN is based on logical instead of physical connections,
it is extremely flexible.
You can setup the Virtual LAN (VLAN) parameters in vlan command. The router support the
implementation of VLAN-to-PVC only for bridge mode operation, i.e., the VLAN spreads over both the
COE and CPE sides, where there is no layer 3 routing involved. The unit supports up to 8 active VLANs
with shared VLAN learning (SVL) bridge out of 4096 possible VLANs specified in IEEE 802.1Q.
Move the cursor “ >> “ to vlan and press enter.
>> mode
modify
pvid
link_mode
list
Trigger virtual LAN function
Modify virtual LAN rule
Modify port default ID
Modify port link type
Show VLAN configuration
To active the VLAN function, move the cursor “ >> “ to mode and press enter. The products support two
types of VLAN, 802.11q and Port-Based. The IEEE 802.1Q defines the operation of VLAN bridges that
permit the definition, operation, and administration of VLAN topologies within a bridged LAN
infrastructure. Port-Based VLANs are VLANs where the packet forwarding decision is based on the
destination MAC address and its associated port.
14.16.6 802.11Q VLAN
Follow the following steps to configure 802.11q VLAN.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup vlan active <Disable|8021Q|Port>
Message: Please input the following information.
Tigger VLAN function (Tab select) <Disable>: 8021Q
---------------------------------------------------------------------To modify the VLAN rule, move the cursor “ >> “ to modify and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup vlan modify <1~8> <1~4094> <string>
Message: Please input the following information.
Rule entry index <1~8>: 1
VLAN ID (Enter for default) <1>: 10
VLAN port status (Enter for default): 11001
---------------------------------------------------------------------For each VLAN, VLAN ID is a unique number among 1~4095.
VLAN port status is a 12-digit binary number whose bit-1 location indicates the VLAN port membership
in which 4MSBs and 8MSB represents LAN ports and WAN port, respectively. For example: the above
setting means that the VID 20 member port includes LAN1, LAN2 and WAN. The member ports are
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tagged members. Use PVID command to change the member port to untagged members
To assign PVID (Port VID), move the cursor “>>” to PVID and press enter. The port index 1 to 4
represents LAN1 to LAN4 respectively and port index 5 to 12 represents WAN1 to WAN8. VID value is
the group at which you want to assign the PVID of the port. PVID is
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup vlan pvid <1~12> <1~4094>
Message: Please input the following information.
Port index <1~12>: 1
VID Value (Enter for default) <10>: 10
---------------------------------------------------------------------To modify the link type of the port, move the cursor to link mode and press enter. There are two types of
link: access and trunk. Trunk link will send the tagged packet form the port and access link will send
un-tagged packet form the port. Port index 1 to 4 represents LAN1 to LAN4 respectively. According to
the operation mode of the device, link type of WAN port is automatically configured. If the product
operates in bridge mode, the WAN link type will be trunk, and in routing mode, access.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup vlan link_mode <1~12> <Access|Trunk>
Message: Please input the following information.
Port index <1~12>: 1
Port link type (Tab select) <Trunk>: Access
---------------------------------------------------------------------To view the VLAN table, move the cursor to list and press enter.
14.16.7 STP
IEEE 802.1d to implement this feature for avoiding a
storm in a redundant network environment The
default is disable.
>> active
Trigger Bridge STP function
Once you enable the STP feature, you can see the STP status will follow IEEE 802.1d standard to work.
The working steps are Blocking, Listening, Learning and forwarding.
It will send BPDU, a hello packet to make sure if the network is still stable. Once it can’t receive the
hello packet over the max. 20 sec., it will restart to process the above 4 steps.
14.16.8 Route
You can setup the routing parameters in route command. If the product is configured as a bridge, you
do not want to setup the route parameters. Move the cursor “ >> “ to route and press enter.
>> static
rip
Configure static routing table
Configure RIP tool
If the Router is connected to more than one network, it may be necessary to set up a static route
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between them. A static route is a pre-determined pathway that network information must travel to reach
a specific host or network.
With Dynamic Routing, you can enable the Router to automatically adjust to physical changes in the
network’s layout. The Cable/DSL Firewall Router, using the RIP protocol, determines the network
packets’ route based on the fewest number of hops between the source and the destination. The RIP
protocol regularly broadcasts routing information to other routers on the network.
You can setup 20 sets of static route in static command. After entering static menu, the screen will
show as follow:
>> add
delete
list
Add static route entry
Delete static route entry
Show static routing table
You can add 20 sets of static route entry by using add command. Type the IP information of the static
route including IP address, subnet mask and gateway.
You can delete the static route information via delete command.
You can review the static route entry by using list command.
To configure Routing Information Protocol (RIP), you can use rip command to setup the parameters.
Move the cursor “>>” to rip and press enter.
>> generic
lan
wan
list
Configure operation and auto summery mode
Configure LAN interface RIP parameters
Configure WAN interface RIP parameters
Show RIP configuration
Generic command can setup RIP mode and auto summery mode.
If there are any routers in your LAN, you can configure LAN interface RIP parameters via lan
command.
The product supports 8 PVCs and you can configure the RIP parameters of each WAN via wan
command. Move the cursor “>>” to wan and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup route rip wan <1~8> <more...>
Message: Please input the following information.
Active interface number <1~8>: 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The screen will prompt as follow:
>> attrib
version
authe
Operation, authentication and Poison reverse mode
RIP protocol version
Authentication code
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Attrib command can configure RIP mode, authentication type and Poison reverse mode.
Version command can configure RIP protocol version.
Authe command can configure authentication code.
You can review the list of RIP parameters via list command.
14.16.9 LAN
LAN interface parameters can be configured LAN IP address, subnet mask and NAT network type.
>> address
attrib
14.16.10
LAN IP address and subnet mask
NAT network type
IP share
You can configure Network Address Translation (NAT), Port Address Translation (PAT) and
Demilitarized Zone parameters in ip_share menu. Move the cursor “>>” to ip_share then press enter.
>> nat
pat
dmz
Configure network address translation
Configure port address translation
Configure DMZ host function
NAT (Network Address Translation) is the translation of an Internet Protocol address (IP address) used
within one network to a different IP address known within another network. One network is designated
the inside network and the other is the outside. Typically, a company maps its local inside network
addresses to one or more global outside IP addresses and reverse the global IP addresses of incoming
packets back into local IP addresses. This ensure security since each outgoing or incoming request
must go through a translation process, that also offers the opportunity to qualify or authenticate the
request or match it to a previous request. NAT also conserves on the number of global IP addresses
that a company needs and lets the company to use a single IP address of its communication in the
Internet world.
DMZ (demilitarized zone) is a computer host or small network inserted as a “neutral zone” between a
company private network and the outside public network. It prevents outside users from getting direct
access to a server that has company private data.
14.16.11
NAT
You can configure NAT parameters in nat menu.
>> virtual
Virtual IP address pool
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fixed
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Global IP address pool
Fixed IP address mapping
The virtual menu contains range of virtual IP address, delete virtual IP address and show virtual IP
address.
>> range
delete
list
Edit virtual IP address pool
Delete virtual IP address pool
Show virtual IP address pool
You can create five virtual IP address pool range in range command.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share nat virtual range <1~5> <ip> <1~253>
Message: Please input the following information.
NAT local address range entry number <1~5>: 1
Base address: 192.168.0.2
Number of address: 49
----------------------------------------------------------------------
You can delete virtual IP address range- from 1 to 5- by using delete command.
You can view the virtual IP address range via list command.
To setup global IP address pool, move the cursor “>>” to global command and press enter.
>> range
interface
delete
list
Edit global IP address pool
Bind address pool to specific interface
Delete global IP address pool
Show global IP address pool
You can create five global IP address pool range via range command.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share nat global range <1~5> <ip> <1~253>
Message: Please input the following information.
NAT global IP address range entry number <1~5>: 1
Base address: 122.22.22.2
Number of address: 3
----------------------------------------------------------------------
After configuration global IP address range, you can bind address pool to specific interface via bind
command.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share nat global interface <1~5> <1~8>
Message: Please input the following information.
NAT global ddress range entry number <1~5>: 1
Active interface number <1~8>: 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
You can delete global IP address range- from 1 to 5- by using delete command.
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You can view the global IP address range via list command.
To modify fixed IP address mapping, move the cursor “>>” to fixed command and press enter.
>> modify
interface
delete
list
Modify fixed NAT mapping
Bind address pair to specific interface
Delete fixed NAT mapping
Show fixed IP address mapping
You can create up to 10 fixed NAT mapping entry via range command.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share nat fixed modify <1~1o> <ip> <ip>
Message: Please input the following information.
Fixed NAT mapping entry number <1~10>: 1
Local address: 192.168.0.250
Global address: 122.22.22.2
---------------------------------------------------------------------After configuration fixed IP address entry, you can bind the entry to specific interface via interface
command.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share nat fixed interface <1~5> <1~8>
Message: Please input the following information.
Fixed NAT mapping entry number <1~5>: 1
Active interface number (Enter for default) <1~8>: 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
You can delete fixed NAT mapping entry- from 1 to 5- by using delete command.
You can view the fixed NAT mapping entry via list command.
14.16.12
PAT
To configure Port Address Translation, move the cursor “>>” to pat and press enter.
>> clear
modify
list
Clear virtual server mapping
Modify virtual server mapping
Show virtual server mapping pool
You can delete virtual server mapping entry- from 1 to 10- by using clear command.
You can create up to 10 virtual server mapping entry via modify command.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share pat modify <1~10>
Message: Please input the following information.
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Virtual server entry number <1~10>: 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
After key in enter, the screen will prompt as below.
>> interface
port
server
protocol
name
begin
end
Active interface
TCP/UDP port number
Host IP address and port number
Transport protocol
Service name
The schedule of beginning time
The schedule of ending time
Set the active interface number via interface command.
You can configure the global port number by using port command.
The local server, host, IP address and port number are configured via server command.
The authorized access protocol is setup via protocol command.
Name command can be used to configure the service name of the host server.
Begin and end command is used to setup the local server schedule to access.
You can view the fixed NAT mapping entry via list command.
14.16.13
DMZ
To setup demilitarized zone, move the cursor “>>” to dmz and press enter.
>> active
address
Tigger DMZ host function
Configure virtual IP address and interface
You can enable the demilitarized zone via active command.
After enabling the DMZ, shift the cursor to address and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup ip_share dmz address <ip> <1~10>
Message: Please input the following information.
Virtual IP address: 192.168.0.251
Active interface number (Enter for default) <1>: 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Firewall
The product supports advanced firewall. To setup the advanced firewall, you can use firewall to
configure.
>> Level
Configure firewall security level
pkt_filter
Configure packet filter
dos_protection Configure DoS protection
There are three level of firewall, which you can setup in this product.
Level one, basic, only enables the NAT firewall and the remote management security. The NAT firewall
will take effect if NAT function is enabled. The remote management security is default to block any WAN
side connection to the device. Non-empty legal IP pool in ADMIN will block all remote management
connection except those IPs specified in the pool.
Level two, automatic, enables basic firewall security, all DoS protection, and the SPI filter function.
Level three, advanced, is an advanced level of firewall where user can determine the security level for
special purpose, environment, and applications by configuring the DoS protection and defining an extra
packet filter with higher priority than the default SPI filter. Note that, an improper filter policy may
degrade the capability of the firewall and/or even block the normal network traffic.
The firewall security level can configure via level command.
14.16.15
Packet Filtering
Packet filtering function can be configured by pkt_filter command. Move the cursor to pkt_filter and
press enter.
>> active
drop_flag
add
delete
modify
exchange
list
Tigger packet filtering function
Drop fragment packets
Add packet filtering rule
Delete packet filtering rule
Modify packet filtering rule
Exchange the filtering rule
Show packet filtering table
To enable the packet filtering function, you can use active command.
Add the packet filtering rule via add command.
>> protocol
direction
src_ip
dest_ip
port
tcp_flag
icmp_type
description
Configure protocol type
Configure direction mode
Configure source IP parameter
Configure destination IP parameter
Configure port parameter (TCP and UDP only)
Configure TCP flag (TCP only)
Configure ICMP flag (ICMP only)
Packet filtering rule description
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enable
begin
end
action
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Enable the packet filtering rule
The schedule of beginning time
The schedule of ending time
Configure action mode
DoS Protection
DoS protection parameters can be configured in dos_protection menu. Move the cursor to
dos_protection and press enter.
>> syn_flood
Enable
icmp_flood
Enable
udp_flood
Enable
ping_death
Enable
land_attack
Enable
ip_spoff
Enable
smurf_attack Enable
fraggle_attack Enable
protection
protection
protection
protection
protection
protection
protection
protection
SYN flood attack
ICMP flood attack
UDP flood attack
ping of death attack
land attack
IP spoofing attack
smurf attack
fraggle attack
A SYN flood attack attempts to slow your network by requesting new connections but not completing the
process to open the connection. Once the buffer for these pending connections is full a server will not
accept any more connections and will be unresponsive.
ICMP Flood: A sender transmits a volume of ICMP request packets to cause all CPU resources to be
consumed serving the phony requests.
UDP Flood: A sender transmits a volume of requests for UDP diagnostic services which cause all CPU
resources to be consumed serving the phony requests.
A ping of death attack attempts to crash your system by sending a fragmented packet, when
reconstructed is larger than the maximum allowable size. Other known variants of the ping of death
include teardrop, bonk and nestea.
A land attack is an attempt to slow your network down by sending a packet with identical source and
destination addresses originating from your network.
IP Spoofing is a method of masking the identity of an intrusion by making it appeared that the traffic
came from a different computer. This is used by intruders to keep their anonymity and can be used in a
Denial of Service attack.
A smurf attack involves two systems. The attacker sends a packet containing a ICMP echo request
(ping) to the network address of one system. This system is known as the amplifier. The return address
of the ping has been faked (spoofed) to appear to come from a machine on another network (the victim).
The victim is then flooded with responses to the ping. As many responses are generated for only one
attack, the attacker is able use many amplifiers on the same victim.
14.16.17
IPQoS
IP QoS is a function to decide the priorities of setting IPs to transfer packets under the situation of
overloading bandwidth.
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To configure IP QoS function, move the cursor to IPQoS and press enter.
>> Active
Add
Delete
Modify
list
Trigger IP QoS function
Add IP QoS policy
Delete IP QoS policy
Modify IP QoS policy
Show IP QoS policy table
You can enable the IPQoS function via active command.
The add parameters of IPQoS can be configured via add command
>> Protocol
local_ip
remote_ip
Port
description
Enable
Precedence
Configure protocol
Configure local IP parameter
Configure remote IP parameter
Configure port parameter
Policy description
Enable the policy
Configure precedence parameter
The port type is configured by protocol command.
The local ip range is configured by local_ip command.
The remote ip range is configured by remote_ip command.
The port range is configured by port command.
To define the description of policy is configured by description command.
To enable the policy is configured by enable command.
To define the priority of the policy is configured by precedence command
To delete the policy is configured by delete command.
To modify the policy is configured by modify command.
You can view the IPQoS configuration via list command.
14.16.18
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a communication protocol that lets network
administrators to manage centrally and automate the assignment of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in
an organization's network. Using the Internet Protocol, each machine that can connect to the Internet
needs a unique IP address. When an organization sets up its computer users with a connection to the
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Internet, an IP address must be assigned to each machine.
Without DHCP, the IP address must be entered manually at each computer. If computers move to
another location in another part of the network, a new IP address must be entered. DHCP lets a
network administrator to supervise and distribute IP addresses from a central point and automatically
sends a new IP address when a computer is plugged into a different place in the network.
To configure DHCP server, move the cursor to dhcp and press enter.
>> generic
fixed
list
Configure generic DHCP parameters
Configure fixed host IP address list
Show DHCP configuration
The generic DHCP parameters can be configured via generic command.
>> active
gateway
netmask
ip_range
lease_time
name_server1
name_server2
name_server3
Tigger DHCP function
Default gateway for DHCP client
Subnet mask for DHCP client
Dynamic assigned IP address range
Configure max lease time
Domain name server1
Domain name server2
Domain name server3
Active the DHCP function with active command.
Set the default gateway vie gateway command.
The subnet mask for DHCP client is configured by netmask command.
Ip_range command is to configure dynamic assigned IP address range.
The dynamic IP maximum lease time is configured by lease_time command.
You can setup 3 domain name servers via name_server commands.
Fixed Host IP Address list are setup via fixed command.
>> add
delete
Add a fixed host entry
Delete a fixed host entry
You can view the DHCP configuration via list command.
14.16.19
DNS proxy
You can setup three DNS servers in the product. The number 2 and 3 DNS servers are option. Move
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cursor “ >> “ to dns_proxy and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup dns_proxy <IP> [IP] [IP]
Message: Please input the following information.
DNS server 1 (ENTER for default) <168.95.1.1>: 10.0.10.1
DNS server 2: 10.10.10.1
DNS server 3:
----------------------------------------------------------------------
14.16.20
Host name
Enter local host name via hostname command. Move cursor “ >> “ to hostname and press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup hostname <name>
Message: Please input the following information.
Local hostname (ENTER for default) <SOHO>: test
----------------------------------------------------------------------
14.16.21
Default
If you want to restore factory default, first move the cursor “ >> “ to default and then press enter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------Command: setup default <name>
Message: Please input the following information.
Are you sure? (Y/N): y
----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Copyright & Regulatory Information
Manual Copyright  2007.
This manual described in it is copyrighted with all rights reserved. It is not allowed to copy, in
whole or in part, without written consent. All product names are trademarks and or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
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